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apa formated essay It’s been my experience that there are two kinds of people in this world: those who can handle chaos and are happy to paperscomputer let the pieces fall where they may, and essay those of us who chase those people around trying to prevent disarray in the first place. We like neatness. Tidiness. Orderliness. I covered the importance of essay formatting and what it entails in a previous blog post . So go check it out if you haven’t already. I’ll wait here.

In this post, we’re going to drill down into the specifics of APA formatting and how to ensure your essay looks just right . Research Science? “APA” stands for “American Psychological Association,” a professional organization for, well, psychologists. However, the ap language and composition organization’s official style guide, which is called the Publication Manual of the paperscomputer science American Psychological Association , is used by students and professionals in a number of disciplines. But if you just want to quickly learn the basics and turn in a tidy, well-formatted essay, keep reading! What Are the Most Important Elements of APA Essay Format? There are a couple of little formatting details you can take care of right off the bat as they will apply to your entire paper. Last but not least, the toefl essay grading entire document—from the cover page to research the reference list—should be double-spaced with paragraphs indented 1/2 an inch. One of the distinguishing features of an walk APA-formatted essay is the running head. This is a short version of your title—fewer than 50 characters—that appears in research the header of your document, justified with the left margin. On the first page of resume your essay, usually the cover page, the paperscomputer running head is preceded by the words “Running head” followed by a colon. On subsequent pages, though, the running head is just the title.

If you need help making your header different on the first page, check out this helpful tutorial from Northeast Lakeview College. And Composition Tips? Don’t you feel better just thinking about snuggling with it? Pro tip: Make sure that your running head is paperscomputer descriptive enough to give the reader some idea of the content. Mystery Of Heroism Essay? If the title of your paper is science “Never Too Old: The Calming Effects of Blankies for College Students,” for instance, your running head should be something like “EFFECTS OF BLANKIES FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS” rather than “NEVER TOO OLD” or just “BLANKIES.” While we’re on the subject of the ap language tips header, let’s go ahead and talk page numbers. In APA style, you include the page number in the header of every page . Research Paperscomputer Science? As you can see in the examples above, the page numbers should be right-justified opposite your running head. Another key element of APA essay format is the cover page. While the use of a cover page is not unique to APA, the manual does specify a preferred layout, which includes not only the ap language and composition tips aforementioned running head, but also the following elements: The full title of your paper Your name The name of your school (or wherever you are doing your research/writing). Science? These items are roughly centered on the top half of the page and, like the rest of your essay, are double-spaced. APA papers often include an abstract, which is a short (150-250 words) summary of tips your essay, including brief descriptions of science your topic, purpose, methodology, and/or findings. The point of an abstract is to inform potential readers of your essay’s topic and purpose so that they can determine whether the essay is look useful or relevant to their own research.

Whether you need to include an abstract depends partially on the whims of your instructor, so if you aren’t sure, just ask! After formatting the abstract, move to a fresh, new page to begin the body section of your paper. We’ll combine two steps here to research paperscomputer simplify things and save your eyes a little reading. First, you need to restate the title of your paper. This serves as a label to signify the start of the actual paper.

I know, it seems sort of silly with the running head right there for all the like world to see. But silliness aside, it is an research science APA requirement, so we’ll comply. Then, it’s time to set up the introduction. Essay? I’m trying to save you from one of the most common errors I see in APA-formatted essays: a labeled introduction. You see, the folks at research paperscomputer, the APA assume that readers are smart enough to know that the writing analysis first section of a paper is the research paperscomputer introduction. (And really, aren’t they right?) Besides that, it’s a small detail that will make you look like you really know your stuff. Here’s how the first page of the body of your paper should look: After your introduction, though, there’s a good chance that you will want to use headings for walk specific sections of your paper. Science? Let’s look at how you should handle those. Film Analysis Essays? Block quotations (40+ words in paperscomputer length)

Sometimes, you’ll find a particularly meaty quote that you cannot resist adding to your paper. Just remember that, if the quotation is more than 40 words in length, you need to create a block quotation. The closing punctuation also goes immediately after the text of the quote, and no period goes after the parenthetical citation. Check out these examples from the APA blog to see block quotes in action. Ap Language And Composition? We’ve covered the paperscomputer science formatting of APA references pretty extensively in past posts. Essay? Read APA Citation Made Simple (it includes a handy infographic!) or How to Write APA Citations in 4 Easy Steps if you need to review those guidelines.

First, center the word “References” (no quotes) at the top of the page—no bold, no italics, not followed by a colon. (I see all of these variations pretty frequently.) Let me reiterate: Next, be sure that you list your entries in alphabetical order according to science the author’s last name (or whatever comes first in the entry). Double-space the list, but do not leave an “extra” space between entries. Basically, there should be one full empty line between each line of text (because of the double-spacing). Use a hanging indent so that the first line of each entry is aligned with the writing essays left margin. Second and subsequent lines are indented ? inch. Here’s an example reference list: APA Essay Format: Putting It All Together (Plus Some Handy Resources) Annnnd … that’s the end of the paper! You’re done formatting.

You can totally remember all of this, right? It’s not going to stress you out to research paperscomputer science comb through this in-depth explanation every time you write a paper using APA essay format? You can print it out, mark it up, doodle your crush’s name in the margins—oh, and check off all of resume these APA formatting concerns as you revise or edit your paper. To make these rules even clearer, I thought it would be helpful to show you what a short and silly—but complete!—essay looks like in research paperscomputer APA format. Click the link below to open the paper in resume Google Docs. You can compare your essay draft to this example to make sure you’re on the right track as you write. With the checklist and example essay I’ve provided, you have the tools you need to format an APA-style paper that would make even the neatest neat freak proud. Need a second set of eyes to make sure everything is just right? Run it by a Kibin editor—most of us are one of those people we talked about at the beginning. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades!

Get inspiration from over paperscomputer science 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Erin H. has been wowing Kibin customers since her first edit in August 2013. Like Look Resume? She is now Kibin's community manager and a regular contributor to Kibin's blog. She lives in science Indiana with her husband and grading rubric daughter. If the service of online writers like paper written com are good, you can easily get best work. These online writers first examine the topic by discussing it and then research the topic widely.

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Public Relations and Fundraising Managers. Public relations managers plan and direct the creation of material that will maintain or enhance the paperscomputer public image of an evening walk essay, their employer or client. Fundraising managers coordinate campaigns that bring in donations for their organization. Public relations and fundraising managers generally work in offices during regular business hours. However, many must travel to give speeches and meet with individuals who are important to their organization. Research! Many work more than 40 hours per week. How to Become a Public Relations or Fundraising Manager. Public relations and fundraising managers need at least a bachelor’s degree, and some positions may require a master’s degree.

Many years of ap language essay, related work experience are also necessary. The median annual wage for public relations and research science, fundraising managers was $107,320 in May 2016. Employment of mla bibliography essay, public relations and fundraising managers is projected to grow 7 percent from 2014 to 2024, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment of public relations managers will be driven by the need for organizations to maintain their public image, especially with the growth of research science, social media. The need to raise funds for nonprofit organizations will require more fundraising managers. Explore resources for employment and wages by state and area for public relations and writing film, fundraising managers. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of public relations and fundraising managers with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to O*NET. Learn more about public relations and fundraising managers by research, visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations. What Public Relations and Fundraising Managers Do About this section. Public relations managers plan and direct the creation of material that will maintain or enhance the public image of their employer or client.

Fundraising managers coordinate campaigns that bring in donations for essay their organization. Public relations managers typically do the research following: Write press releases and mystery, prepare information for research science the media Identify main client groups and audiences and determine the best way to reach them Designate an appropriate spokesperson or information source for media inquiries Help clients communicate effectively with the an evening walk essay public Develop their organization's or client’s corporate image and identity Assist and science, inform an organization’s executives and toefl rubric, spokespeople Devise advertising and promotion programs Assign, supervise, and review the activities of staff. Fundraising managers typically do the following: Manage progress towards achieving an organization’s fundraising goals Develop and paperscomputer science, carry out fundraising strategies Identify and contact potential donors Create and plan different events that can generate donations Meet face-to-face with highly important donors Apply for writing analysis essays grants Assign, supervise, and review the activities of staff. Public relations managers review press releases and sponsor corporate events to help maintain and improve the research paperscomputer image of essay, their organization or client.

Public relations managers help to paperscomputer science clarify their organization’s point of view to its main audience through media releases and interviews. They observe social, economic, and political trends that might ultimately affect their organization, and they recommend ways to enhance the firm's image based on those trends. For example, in response to a growing concern about the environment, the public relations manager for an oil company may create a campaign to publicize its efforts to develop cleaner fuels. In large organizations, public relations managers often supervise a staff of public relations specialists. They also work with advertising, promotions, and marketing managers to ensure that advertising campaigns are compatible with the image the company or client is trying to portray. For example, if a firm decides to emphasize its appeal to essay a certain group, such as young people, the public relations manager needs to make sure that current advertisements are well received by that group. In addition, public relations managers may handle internal communications, such as company newsletters, and may help financial managers produce an paperscomputer science organization’s reports. Film Analysis! They may also draft speeches, arrange interviews, and maintain other forms of public contact to help the organization’s top executives. Public relations managers must be able to work well with many types of specialists to report the facts accurately.

In some cases, the information they write has legal consequences. As a result, they must work with the paperscomputer science company's or client's lawyers to be sure that the toefl essay rubric information they release is both legally accurate and clear to the public. Fundraising managers oversee campaigns and events intended to bring in donations for paperscomputer science their organization. Many organizations that employ fundraisers rely heavily on the donations they gather in like order to run their operations. Fundraising managers usually decide which fundraising techniques are necessary in a certain situation. Common techniques may include annual campaigns, capital campaigns, planned giving, or major gifts.

In addition, social media has created a new avenue for fundraising managers to connect with more potential donors and to paperscomputer spread their organization’s message. Those who work on annual campaigns focus heavily on look resume contacting donors who have given in the past, and request that they give again. Finding new contacts for future donations is also a component of a successful annual campaign. Capital campaigns are different; they are generally used to raise money over a shorter time period and for research a specific project, such as the construction of an evening walk, a new building at research paperscomputer science a university. Fundraisers who spend most of their time on planned giving must have specialized training in walk essay taxes regarding gifts of stocks, bonds, charitable annuities, and research paperscomputer, real estate bequests in essay a will. Research! Major gifts are a feature of many different campaigns and mla bibliography essay, are generally requested in person given the paperscomputer large value of the potential donation. Work Environment About this section. Public relations and fundraising managers held about 65,800 jobs in 2014. The largest employers of public relations and fundraising managers were as follows: Public relations and fundraising managers usually work in walk offices during regular business hours.

However, many must travel to deliver speeches and attend meetings and community activities. They work in high-stress environments, often managing and organizing several events at the same time. Most public relations and fundraising managers work full time, which often includes long hours. About 1 in 3 managers worked more than 40 hours per week in 2014. How to Become a Public Relations or Fundraising Manager About this section. Public relations and fundraising managers need at least a bachelor’s degree, and some positions may require a master’s degree. Many years of related work experience are also necessary. For public relations and fundraising management positions, a bachelor's degree in public relations, communications, English, fundraising, or journalism is generally required. However, some employers prefer a master’s degree, particularly in public relations, journalism, fundraising, or nonprofit management.

Courses in advertising, business administration, public affairs, public speaking, and creative and technical writing can be helpful. Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations. Although not mandatory, public relations managers can get certified through the Public Relations Society of America. Candidates qualify based on research science years of experience and must pass an exam to become certified. The International Association of Business Communicators offers a credential to demonstrate a level of knowledge and expertise. The Certified Fund Raising Executive program, offered by CFRE International, is voluntary, but fundraisers who pursue certification demonstrate a level of professional competency to prospective employers.

Candidates are required to have 5 years of work experience in fundraising and have 80 hours of continuing education through conference attendance and classroom instruction to qualify. Fundraisers must apply for renewal every 3 years to keep their certification valid. Work Experience in a Related Occupation. Public relations and fundraising managers must have several years of experience in a related or entry-level position, such as a public relations specialist or fundraiser . Lower level management positions may require only a few years of experience, whereas directors are more likely to need 5 to 10 years of related work experience. Communication skills. Managers deal with the public regularly; therefore, they must be friendly enough to build rapport and receive cooperation from essay their media contacts and donors. Leadership skills.

Public relations and fundraising managers often lead large teams of research paperscomputer science, specialists or fundraisers and must be able to guide their activities. Organizational skills. Public relations and fundraising managers are often in charge of running several events at the same time, requiring superior organizational skills. Problem-solving skills. Managers sometimes must explain how the company or client is handling sensitive issues. Ap Language Tips! They must use good judgment in what they report and how they report it. Speaking skills. Public relations and fundraising managers regularly speak on behalf of their organization.

When doing so, they must be able to explain the organization’s position clearly. Writing skills. Managers must be able to write well-organized and clear press releases and speeches. They must be able to grasp the key messages they want to research get across and write them succinctly in walk order to keep the research paperscomputer science attention of busy readers or listeners. Public Relations and Fundraising Managers.

Median annual wages, May 2016. Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in essay the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics. The median annual wage for research science public relations and fundraising managers was $107,320 in May 2016.

The median wage is the like resume wage at research science which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and toefl essay grading rubric, half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $59,070, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $205,110. In May 2016, the median annual wages for public relations and research, fundraising managers in look resume the top industries in which they worked were as follows: Most public relations and fundraising managers work full time, which often includes long hours. Science! About 1 in 3 managers worked more than 40 hours per week in 2014. Public Relations and Fundraising Managers. Percent change in mystery of heroism employment, projected 2014-24. Public relations and fundraising managers.

Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Paperscomputer! Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Employment of public relations and fundraising managers is projected to grow 7 percent from 2014 to 2024, about as fast as the average for look resume all occupations. As online social media increases the speed at which news travels, public relations managers will be needed to address good and bad news for research paperscomputer their organization or client. Organizations continue to emphasize community outreach and customer relations as a way to enhance their reputation and visibility. Public opinion can change quickly, particularly as news spreads rapidly through the Internet. Consequently, public relations managers will be needed to like resume coordinate and help respond to news developments in order to maintain their organization’s reputation. Fundraising managers are expected to paperscomputer science become increasingly important for organizations (such as colleges and universities) that depend heavily on donations. More nonprofit organizations are focusing on cultivating an online presence and essay rubric, are increasingly using social media for fundraising activities.

Competition for paperscomputer science public relations and fundraising manager jobs is expected to be very strong. Prospective public relations managers should face the toughest competition at businesses that have large media exposure and at the most prestigious public relations firms. Job prospects for fundraising managers should be best for essay rubric those with a master’s degree in philanthropic studies or fundraising. These degree programs lead to experience in the industry, giving graduates an advantage over paperscomputer, those who do not have such experience. SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program.

Public relations and fundraising managers. State Area Data About this section. Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and resume, wage estimates annually for research over 800 occupations. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. Look! The link(s) below go to OES data maps for employment and wages by state and area. Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by research paperscomputer, Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at

Information on this site allows projected employment growth for resume an occupation to be compared among states or to research paperscomputer be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved. America’s Career InfoNet includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and metro area. There are links in the left-hand side menu to mystery essay compare occupational employment by research paperscomputer, state and occupational wages by local area or metro area. There is also a salary info tool to search for wages by zip code. Similar Occupations About this section. This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of public relations and fundraising managers. Advertising sales agents sell advertising space to businesses and individuals. They contact potential clients, make sales presentations, and maintain client accounts. Advertising, Promotions, and Marketing Managers. Advertising, promotions, and marketing managers plan programs to generate interest in products or services.

They work with art directors, sales agents, and financial staff members. Market research analysts study market conditions to an evening examine potential sales of a product or service. They help companies understand what products people want, who will buy them, and at research science what price. Multimedia artists and animators create animation and visual effects for television, movies, video games, and other forms of media. Public relations specialists create and maintain a favorable public image for the organization they represent. They design media releases to mla bibliography essay shape public perception of their organization and to increase awareness of research paperscomputer, its work and goals. Contacts for More Information About this section.

For more information about public relations and mla bibliography essay, fundraising managers, including professional certification in public relations, visit. Bureau of paperscomputer science, Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition , Public Relations and Fundraising Managers, Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015. The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in an evening walk essay the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised. Paperscomputer Science! This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties. The Work Environment tab includes the number of jobs held in the occupation and describes the of heroism workplace, the level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked.

It may also discuss the paperscomputer major industries that employed the occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the and composition essay tips amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of injury that workers may face. The How to Become One tab describes how to prepare for a job in science the occupation. This tab can include information on education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for entering or working in the occupation. The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and essays, geographic area. This tab may also provide information on earnings in the major industries employing the occupation.

The State and Area Data tab provides links to research state and essays, area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the paperscomputer science Department of Labor's CareerOneStop. The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and the number of job openings. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile. The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). The wage at which half of the walk workers in science the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the median annual wage for all workers was $37,040.

Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Work experience in a related occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for more formal types of training or education. The employment, or size, of this occupation in 2014, which is the base year of the 2014-24 employment projections. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The average growth rate for all occupations is 7 percent. The projected numeric change in mla bibliography employment from 2014 to 2024.

Typical level of education that most workers need to research paperscomputer enter this occupation. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Employment Change, projected 2014-24. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The percent change of writing analysis, employment for each occupation from 2014 to 2024. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to paperscomputer science 2024. The wage at which half of the workers in writing essays the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.

Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the median annual wage for science all workers was $37,040.

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Research Papers in Computer Science Essay Example for…

Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the hiring decisions. Research Paperscomputer Science? Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in of heroism today’s hiring process. We hope the information provided here will help you create an amazing resume!

First, it’s important to have an idea of research paperscomputer science, how the hiring process typically works in order to like look, thoroughly understand the importance of paperscomputer science, these critical details. When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. Look Resume? In some cases, the resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for research, resumes that include the critical skills and experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and pass along the “best” candidates to toefl grading, the hiring managers. Research Science? It’s important to essay, note that being the research “best” often means having a resume with all the critical details. If the information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process. It’s important to note that missing these details is not the nurse’s fault.

Unfortunately, the vast majority of informational resources pertaining to resumes is and composition essay tips, very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail. Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in their resumes. Skimming the list below may leave the impression that everything on it is obvious. However, reading the details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to research paperscomputer, Include on mla bibliography Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to any.

For example, if you belong to the American Association of Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over others. 9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and awards they’ve received. Paperscomputer? Examples include honors and awards from film school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and research science, even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work.

Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to place these items under their own heading. Of Heroism Essay? However, this isn’t necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of research science, your resume. 8. Writing Film Essays? Specific Nursing Education Details:

Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. This is because the paperscomputer science information is often required for mystery, the resume to move through the process and it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the information in favor one that does. Provide at least the following information about paperscomputer, your education: Name of film, school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high.

Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the earlier you are in your career, so keep that in research paperscomputer mind when crafting the education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on your resume! According to a recent study from look Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details: It is highly recommended that you include the following for your licenses:

License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from name on resume License expiration date License number If the license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from each state’s Board of science, Nursing using the standard information included on like resume your resume. Providing the research science license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the ap language essay tips difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is paperscomputer, highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock.

Therefore, it’s best to essay, convey the shifts you’re willing to work on your nursing resume. Are you open to paperscomputer, working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to and composition, working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of paperscomputer science, all jobs are filled through networking. An Evening Walk? Including your availability is research paperscomputer, very helpful for of heroism, general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to research paperscomputer science, your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is going electronic.

Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on like resume the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and research science, ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in an evening walk job advertisements. So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of value to paperscomputer science, the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the like look resume type of facility you worked in tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words.

You should know the paperscomputer exact designation of mla bibliography, all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the time to find out. Short term acute care? Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at science, a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the ap language and composition essay tips specific job description in research your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for toefl rubric, lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to make it stand out.

Include the paperscomputer number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in the specific units on which you worked. Toefl Rubric? Just like the science facility type, providing the number of beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. Unfortunately, only essay, people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is.

Also include your caseload. What was the nurse to paperscomputer science, patient ratio in this unit, and mla bibliography, how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units? If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow? 1. Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on incidental, although very important, details.

But what about the meat of research paperscomputer science, your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to essay, this, nurses are in the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. Paperscomputer? The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for walk essay, your current and previous employers. Paperscomputer Science? Advocates of look, this approach advise against listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the research paperscomputer highly technical duties that are integral to analysis, the job you’re applying for. At the same time, they too want to paperscomputer, know about like resume, your accomplishments.

Therefore, it’s important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at the same time, you don’t want to fall into the trap of research paperscomputer, creating a “duties-driven resume”. Ap Language And Composition Essay? Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes. Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Science? Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to essay, list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of space. It’s simply too general.

Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the research paperscomputer reason that such general statements are so often included in of heroism essay nursing resumes. In reality, the science differences are stark between various facilities. Writing Analysis Essays? For example, the Step-Down Unit at one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the science SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to essay, consider when determining the research types of essay, duties to include on research paperscomputer science your resume. This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications?

What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the look resume age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents?

Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is paperscomputer, among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and essay, duties to include on the resume. First, start by research paperscomputer including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on the employer in mystery essay question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list. Research Science? Use the writing analysis essays company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in research paperscomputer question.

Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the of heroism essay duties into your “accomplishment statements”. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way.

Your summary is paperscomputer science, a good place for this. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and ap language and composition, duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search. Research Paperscomputer? Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and toefl essay rubric, downloaded as PDF documents. Research? You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to convey your skills to look, potential employers. Paperscomputer Science? You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for toefl essay rubric, jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments.

Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments. First, you can try to research paperscomputer science, frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in writing analysis order to knock them both out at research paperscomputer science, the same time. In other words, offer an explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties. An Evening Essay? Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that?

When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to paperscomputer science, know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is toefl essay grading rubric, typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Paperscomputer Science? Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from essays your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to research, frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. An Evening Walk Essay? In any case, it’s important to provide both job-specific duties and research paperscomputer, accomplishments on your nursing resume.

Bonus: Healthcare is look resume, very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise. Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of paperscomputer science, information to writing film essays, incorporate into a standard resume. However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the science advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the push to force nursing and essay, healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is paperscomputer science, a disservice to both healthcare professionals and employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to an evening, highlight skills and research paperscomputer science, experience that are highly sought after.

As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. Essay? For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the paperscomputer ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Essays? Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who.

How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu.

How do i go about research science, addressing those different areas and responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. This site is of so much help to me. thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in an ICU. Essay? The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for research science, experience nurses, but have a lot of mystery of heroism essay, positions for new nurses that want to research, work in ICU. I just want to apply to the new nurse position and i really don’t mind the mla bibliography pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the position is for new grads. Research? please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume.

Can I include it on my credentials area on top of and composition tips, my resume – following my name and research, degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to toefl, me. I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. Research Paperscomputer Science? I just wanted it to stand out and essay, pop so to speak – as to not have to read on research science to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay!

Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of tips, your resume and in research science the Licenses and writing film essays, Certifications section of research science, your resume. The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out of the acute care setting in essay public health nursing for research science, 7 years. I have heard over and over that because I have been out of the toefl rubric acute care setting for so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the research positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas.

Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry. One of the biggest hurdles to essay tips, applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is paperscomputer, a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal. Matching as many keywords in of heroism essay the functional statements for your desired role in research paperscomputer your application can be the essay rubric difference between getting an interview and being passed over. Hope this helps! In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is paperscomputer, open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for ap language, the hospital’s certification/recognition.

If so, how would you go about including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of science, that unit/team during that time. Thanks for mystery of heroism, the inquiry, Jessica. Yes, this is definitely something you can include on research paperscomputer your resume. If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to ap language and composition essay tips, expand in paperscomputer your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out an evening a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about every surgery setting from Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. I have been fortunate to have been able to take off time to stay home and be with my children.

That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on my resume. How would you go about filling in the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and science, teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. Mla Bibliography? There is paperscomputer, no steadfast rule on essay how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider.

First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on research science skills instead of experiences. Ap Language Tips? In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. Paperscomputer Science? You might have a small section to ap language and composition, list your previous employers. Paperscomputer? or you may even choose to mystery essay, leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. Science? In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Essay Grading? Each has its advantages and disadvantages.

To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of research, challenge. However, experienced nurses are in ap language high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the science chronological format. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to draw attention to mystery, your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to find the gap no matter what. Research Paperscomputer? So, I think it’s best to embrace it. Essay? With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and corrections for research science, about 5 years now. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal.

IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. Writing Film Essays? I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into research science, what the ap language tips Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards?

I have numerous military awards based on research paperscomputer my work ethics and performance on essay grading the job, but I am afraid that the research science general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the awards to your resume. You could do one of like look, two things. Simply list them out by their official name. Paperscomputer? There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for an evening walk essay, the award on the internet and science, find it. Resume? Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in parentheses.

For example: X Award (earned for valor in action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. Science? That said, I’d recommend reviewing the essay job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to research science, guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and thanks again!

I have a position working in mla bibliography a “float pool” (we call it the paperscomputer science Mobile Unit). Grading? The unit is split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for paperscomputer science, me to cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to ap language essay, be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details.

When it comes to specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. Find out what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and ICU patients 50% of the paperscomputer science time.

The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and and composition tips, general ICU. Unit sizes varied from research paperscomputer science 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. You can complete and save skills checklists on BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move. Should he address the clinical gap in his resume?

With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. Resume? It’s fairly common for hospitals to require the last 7 years of research paperscomputer science, work history to be included on their job applications. A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes. Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. I hope this information helps!

I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the an evening next 1-2 months). How should I address this on research paperscomputer my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the mla bibliography exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. Paperscomputer Science? I hope this helps!

Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume. We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid.

Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. Like Resume? If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true. Research Science? It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over because you included your high GPA. Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it.

I hope this helps! Great work, by like look resume the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of paperscomputer science, my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of essays, beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the research paperscomputer correct information from when I worked there. Mystery? How should I list this information?

Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in advance for your response. Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on research paperscomputer science almost every resume recommendation. That said, the general rule is that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on resume your resume. In fact, you don’t need to include the complete address either. The city and research, state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the essay rubric telephone numbers and paperscomputer science, addresses for your former employers. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of essays, information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume.

On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for research, your previous jobs. In order to find current information for your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the “advanced search” for best results. Please note that the essay links to paperscomputer, these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for writing analysis essays, them or try the science site. Film? If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in research science the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search.

Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of work history because you don’t want to date yourself. They’re concerned about “ageism” in the hiring process. Like Look? These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help! I have over research paperscomputer science, 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for essay, the last 6 years (in addition to paperscomputer science, the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is mla bibliography, utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). Research Paperscomputer Science? I’m trying to film analysis essays, get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment.

I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to do to science, get into these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to of heroism essay, hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to research science, break into an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on.

Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and mystery, state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in research science your situation. Also, review the mystery specific details of each job opening and tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the paperscomputer science Case Management Society of resume, America for example.

Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people you’ve interviewed with previously to see what they say. If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of science, this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Like Resume? Experience? Thank you for all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions.

Thanks so much for your interest though. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on research science lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and mystery of heroism essay, recruiters are able to easily locate the details on the members’ profiles and paperscomputer science, resumes.

Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, it’s also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now I’m trying to mystery essay, move to a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in paperscomputer science a program that enrolls military medic and corpsman and gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is what should the graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience.

Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. Of Heroism Essay? I just finished my 2nd year of paperscomputer science, nursing and on a med Surg unit. I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to update my resume.

I don’t know what to include. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to it when updating my resume! We’re glad to hear the information was useful. Essay Tips? Congratulations on research being asked to like look resume, apply for an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on research your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on mla bibliography your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to paperscomputer science, the ICU role you’ll be applying for. Essay Grading? However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the job and the unit. We hope this helps!!

Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to paperscomputer, have found your blog page! I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Indeed, the day of the one page crammer is passe’. Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for walk essay, the shredder. [[shudder]]

We’re glad to hear the information is useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. Research Paperscomputer Science? However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and choose your words wisely. Don’t be overly verbose and don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Walk Essay? Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for research, this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on and composition tips what I really did on the day to day.

I recently worked at a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to research science, it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Should I include it on like look resume my resume? You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers.

That’s a valid concern. On the paperscomputer flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to of heroism essay, add to your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the healthcare professional’s employment history. Omitting a previous job on research paperscomputer science your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded.

Of course, this depends on their ability to verify the omitted employment. This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is typically the document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to completed. If you choose to add the omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to an evening walk, offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter. It’s all about the research paperscomputer science story you tell. We hope this helps. This is grading, all great information but I do have a question. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job.

Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and work experience. To further confuse the research paperscomputer science issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely.

We view the preceptorship as something akin to ap language essay tips, a highly advanced internship. For all intents and purposes, it is work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Research Science? Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is tips, important, networking is the key…especially for new grads.

We hope this information helps. Best of research, luck!! Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for the suggestion.

We’ll explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is toefl, very informative. Research Science? Do you have any sample resume and application letter? We’re glad to hear the ap language tips information is useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for free as a member of BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question.

I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). Research? It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to essay, be a reference? Are references included now-a-days?

Many, many thanks! We’re glad to hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to science, ask an writing essays, instructor to be a reference. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to paperscomputer science, include on your resume aren’t so cut and dry.

I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from of heroism a strong reference, like an instructor, to science, put in ap language essay your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the paperscomputer importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. Toefl Essay Rubric? I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck!

Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for research paperscomputer, me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. Walk? You are right on the money….the resume I had for research, my corporate career doesn’t translate well into toefl grading, the healthcare field. I am currently looking for a new position and paperscomputer, realized what I had on film essays my resume wasn’t going to work. Research? I was destined to be one of those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on your new career path!

We’re so glad you found this information useful. We wish you the best of like, luck in your job search. We hope you’ll consider joining where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and research paperscomputer science, build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to mystery, PA in 2012. Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from research paperscomputer ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to of heroism, be sure to paperscomputer science, apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long.

How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the practice of the three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of mla bibliography, hiring new grads and those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. Research? The next step at this particular hospital required by ap language tips the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in nursing since 1974! LPN in 1977 and BSN in 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for all the years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the last I heard from them. I contend she realized I would have to research paperscomputer science, start at essay, the upper end of paperscomputer science, compensation for my experience.

Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns. Like? I am ready to consult with the department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to paperscomputer, decrease costs per essay fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues.

Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to paperscomputer, do LD or NICU.

I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for toefl grading, LD again? We’re glad to paperscomputer science, hear that you found the information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Essay Tips? Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to research science, address the unique technical skills required for film, these units.

You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and research science, newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for your community and getting some relevant experience to add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an ap language and composition tips, RN for 9 years; 4 years at research paperscomputer, the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care. I would like to transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process?

You’re welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on film essays demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing. Research? Carefully review the job duties and qualifications of bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for framing your recent experience in an evening walk a way that applies to bedside nursing. Next, focus on paperscomputer science writing an excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the employer in question. Of course, you’re still going to walk essay, have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of paperscomputer science, recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the result of employee referral.

With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the essay tips time to leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it. Research Paperscomputer? Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to film analysis essays, many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month.

Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to go about informing the paperscomputer hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from mla bibliography essay that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is science, not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is a great question. Like Look Resume? You may be able to log in to research science, the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to ap language essay, candidate inquiries relative to other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck!

I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to science, work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on analysis your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to research science, accompany their resume. The additional touch of a thoughtful and film essays, appropriate cover-letter can help give you an edge over other applicants who omit this step.

I found some good details on research paperscomputer science cover letters for mla bibliography essay, nurses here: . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on a nursing resume is research science, important for many reasons. First, the job applied for isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. Ap Language? With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for research paperscomputer science, day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the essay shifts. Third, job specs often change on research science the back-end and walk essay, are never updated on the front-end.

So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to research science, the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to look, a searchable database these days. Research Paperscomputer Science? So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. So in all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to a contact who has connections with the employer in question. The resume is and composition essay tips, reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and research, the candidate is contacted. Mla Bibliography? Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for.

Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in research science retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Analysis? Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is paperscomputer, great! Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in mind when applying for a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the an evening walk Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of research paperscomputer, minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to film analysis essays, the work field.

I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for paperscomputer, a resume, but I wanted to know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs? Thank you again for an evening, the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is research, a great booster for the resume. You can look into mla bibliography, Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. Research Science? In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the ap language and composition absolute most of your preceptorship. Be at your best and research, use the opportunity to network with everyone you can.

We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is like look, great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to research paperscomputer, move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for an evening, 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is paperscomputer, not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Essay? Thanks! We’re happy to paperscomputer science, hear you found the like look information helpful, Dashia!

You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of paperscomputer science, non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in ap language the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is related to the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from science other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to mla bibliography essay, 10 years of work history regardless of research science, whether or not it was healthcare related. While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at some point during the toefl hiring process.

Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. Paperscomputer Science? What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. Mystery Of Heroism? I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process.

However, it could have influence later in the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of research science, your resume, but I think including it is better than not. An Evening Walk Essay? It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay.

We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to research paperscomputer, the blog at this time. Essay? However, we will work on getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to research science, record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in like look this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in a new state and research, have read a lot of advice on that is wrong. I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer.

Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of film analysis, protecting it at all cost due to identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is research, not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on walk essay your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the paperscomputer information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial.

First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in mystery essay advancing your knowledge and your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of research paperscomputer science, public record already. Anybody can go to toefl grading, your state board of nursing and research, search by name to verify your state license, which includes the like look resume license number. So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number.

Providing it on your resume simply allows the human resources rep to skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the research paperscomputer chain. And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from essay asking for SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and research, now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and and composition essay, MSW, which I will include on research science my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and don’t have credits towards the degree.

Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on mla bibliography your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is no steadfast answer. My belief is research paperscomputer science, that it wouldn’t be appropriate to an evening walk essay, include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to research, a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary. Essay? We hope you find this response useful. Research Paperscomputer? Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have.

Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone. I’m an toefl, older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of my resumes and science, give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for essay, undergrad and grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences.

It seems like the RN to research, BSN courses are more human and like resume, social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the research science majority of my BA. OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the walk essay last 10 years of employment history. Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to research paperscomputer science, discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of writing film, nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to paperscomputer, add on education). Toefl? I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation.

My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is a tough situation. Research Paperscomputer Science? Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about like, telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about you being the best candidate for the job in question. Given the information you’ve provided about research science, your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to walk essay, do just that. Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. Research? You may even try it both ways.

Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. Mla Bibliography? However, I’m of the research paperscomputer belief that all education is valuable. I hope this information helps. We’d love to hear back about how it all works out!!

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A Few Essays That Worked (And a Few That Didn#8217;t) Jacques Steinberg, education correspondent for the Times, appears on paperscomputer science, the Today show to writing film analysis discuss what works in a college essay. Paperscomputer? By None None on Publish Date December 6, 2010. In preparation for a segment on NBC#8217;s #8220;Today#8221; show this morning, I reached out to the admissions offices at the University of Virginia and Occidental College in California for examples of essays that they considered memorable #8212; for of heroism essay, good, or ill. Before I share some of these samples, a caveat (one familiar to regular readers of this blog): while it can be instructive to read actual college admissions essays, trying to copy a particular approach #8212; or in some cases avoid it #8212; can be perilous. That#8217;s because how one responds to an essay can be an intensely personal experience. That said, I would argue that there are some basic lessons to be gleaned from the research paperscomputer, following examples. Here, for instance, is an excerpt from an look, essay that was not especially well received at the University of Virginia, in science part because the writer misjudged the age and sensibility of his or her audience: John Lennon’s song ‘Imagine’ was sung by Fox’s new show, #8216;Glee.#8217; In one particular episode, a deaf glee club performed this song.

I heard it before when John Lennon sang it: unfortunately I did not care much for it. Like Look Resume? When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230; John Lennon sang it like a professional, but what he did not have was the research, emotion behind the words. He sang it more staccato than legato. He sang it like it was his job, and nothing more. These singers from Glee sang with powerful emotions. … Another essay, also musical in focus, got a more appreciative read at U.V.A.: I strode in look resume front of 400 frenzied eighth graders with my arm slung over my Fender Stratocaster guitar — it actually belonged to my mother — and launched into research paperscomputer science the first few chords of Nirvana’s ‘Lithium.’ My hair dangled so low over my face that I couldn’t see the crowd in front of me as I shouted ‘yeah, yeah’ in my squeaky teenage voice.

I had almost forgotten that less than a year ago I had been a kid whose excitement came from essay, waiting for the next History Channel documentary. Paperscomputer? It was during the awkward, hormonal summer between seventh and eighth grade when I first heard Nirvana’s ‘Smells Like Teen Spirit.’ The song shocked my senses — until that point my musical cosmos consisted mainly of my father’s Beatles CDs. I would argue that the admissions committee was able to relate a little more to this essay than the first. And it was certainly more evocative and detailed. It also conveyed more about the writer (and applicant) #8212; a crucial quality in a college admissions essay. I turn, now, to excerpts from walk, a recent essay that struck a visceral chord within the admissions office at research paperscomputer Occidental (where, as an aside, President Obama began his college career): My head throbbed as I closed my eyes and and composition essay tips tried to convince myself to give up. ‘Come on, Ashley. Put the science, pencil down. Just put the pencil down and go to bed,’ I told myself sternly. I had been hard at work for hours — brutal, mind-numbing hours.

I groaned as I moved over to my bed, collapsing in essay a pile of blankets and closing my eyes. I lay there for a moment or two, gathering strength, gaining courage. My tense shoulders began to research paperscomputer science unclench as I stretched out and opened my bleary eyes… Suddenly, I bolted upright on my bed, eyes wide, blankets flying. Everything had fallen into place. I stumbled madly to my desk, thumped myself down, and snatched up my pencil. ‘I’ve got it! That’s it!’ I whooped, scribbling furiously, as my brother pounded on my wall for silence. I had just won another skirmish in my ongoing battle with the crossword puzzle. Writing Film Analysis? What worked here? I#8217;m told the admissions officers appreciated how the writer conveyed her love of paperscomputer, words — and in the process told them much about herself. As a writer, I admired the way she built a sense of essay rubric, mystery at the outset, one that served to research paperscomputer draw the reader in. I#8217;ll close with an attempt at metaphor that fell a bit flat, at least in its reception at Occidental.

The applicant writes: I believe in jello; a silly greeting, tasty dessert, or the answer to life as we know it? Factor #1: Have you ever tried to essay tips make jello? It takes patience. First you have to boil the research paperscomputer science, water; then mix it with powder, stirring for two minutes; then finally adding the cold water and putting it in of heroism essay the fridge for forty-five minutes. Think about the creation of people… To share your own thoughts on essay strategies #8212; and, perhaps, some excerpts of your own #8212; please use the paperscomputer science, comment box below. Comments are no longer being accepted. Although the essays chosen as the #8220;good#8221; examples are well-written, I found the other 2 more interesting.

Each of those writers seemed to be struggling to express a concept instead of a fairly typical self-absorbed picture. Obviously. the an evening essay, #8220;good#8221; essays are easier to identify with, but they are also rather juvenile. Paperscomputer Science? Our education system tends to reward the neat package, not the messy one. I#8217;d like to ap language and composition think that both sets of essay writers deserve an research paperscomputer, excellent education. I saw this segment on the Today Show and I am surprised about the first essay. I understand the concept of Glee being a new show and seeming juvenile, but it isn#8217;t. I find the show rather creative for taking older songs, modernizing them, and an evening essay reintroducing them to a new generation of people. Not to mention it adds new life to a song already loved by research paperscomputer science, the older generation who watch the show as well. If anything it shows the blatant generation gap between the analysis essays, administrators and the students writing their essay. John Lennon was a great artist but it doesn#8217;t mean I#8217;m obligated to be a fan, nor is this student.

People should respect the difference of research, opinion. Mystery? This student was honest enough to say he/she didn#8217;t like the song and why when performed by John Lennon, but found beauty in paperscomputer science the song he/she previously dismissed when performed by a group of writing analysis, deaf children. I think that shows a strong sense of self in research the student which was, unfortunately, overlooked. Writing Film Essays? Thank you so much for these examples. Research Science? I will note that the Jello essay uses semicolons improperly. Grammar errors destroy credibility. I was accepted early decision to Virginia, and of heroism essay folks ask me all the time about science, my application essay. I wrote about the essay grading rubric, single moment of shaking an opponent#8217;s hand during a national debate tournament. I was terrified about this opponent, but when I shook his hand, it was cold, limp, and soaking wet.

Knowing he was just as nervous as I changed everything for me. I wanted to share with the application committee my revelation that I don#8217;t need to be intimidated by anyone. My advice for future applicants: Ask yourself what #8220;gift#8221; your essay delivers to the reader. What#8217;s the pay-off for research paperscomputer science, the audience? If you aren#8217;t writing with the audience in mind, the essay will seem self-indulgent. Thanks so much! This is the part of the grading, application that should be removed. Students that write their own essay are at a distinct disadvantage (unless they are among those students that truly do have talent in this area.) Because the stakes are so high and the competition so great, more and more families are hiring consultants to either write or heavily edit the essays. Research Paperscomputer Science? A consultant could definitely tidy up the Glee and the jello essay and make it relevant. At least we know that the like look resume, Glee and research jello essay writers received no assistance. Other than the toefl rubric, most competitive schools is anyone reading the research paperscomputer science, essays??

It seems that a well written essay if accompanied by low standard test scores gets ignored when in fact the essay is a better example of what the student can do. These students pour over every word as they see their future hanging in the balance. Does the resume, admissions committee at University of research paperscomputer, Maryland actually read the answers to the short answer questions? Do they read the essays? I find these examples and the ensuing comments to be an example of essay grading, just how subjective college admissions officers are when making their decisions. Some admissions essays must be objectively bad (poor grammar, incoherent prose, etc.) and I imagine that some must be objectively good, however, it seems to me that the great bulk lie in the middle. In that middle ground then isn’t the merit of one’s essay inextricably tied to the taste’s of the admissions officers reviewing that essay? Would a brilliant essay by Hunter S. Research Paperscomputer Science? Thompson be tossed out an evening because the reader hated drug use and non-conformity?

Would an essay by Tom Wolfe be rejected because the reader hated exclamations? Oh my! Maybe that great 18th century wordsmith Charles Dickens pamphlet would be considered too word? Or Hemingway’s to paperscomputer sparse? What I found so troubling about the admissions cycle when I went through it a decade ago was how arbitrary decisions seemed to be at the top schools. It always seemed to me that once you were in a pool of qualified applicants (good grades, test scores, extra-curricular activities) that admissions came down to chance. I was admitted to the #1 US New School but admissions at a half a dozen lesser ranked schools where I had GPAs and mystery SATs over the 75% mark. Research Paperscomputer? Some friends were admitted everywhere they applied, one friend was denied admission everywhere he applied but his in-state safety school despite the mla bibliography, fact that he had mid 1500s SATs, a 4.0 GPA and paperscomputer science founded our schools Environment Club. I’ve never figured out mystery essay why that happened, I doubt there’s a simple answer.

The college a person attends doesn’t define them or set them on a fixed course through life. Nevertheless, it is important and research paperscomputer it does matter. In fact it matters tremendously to those students and parents who struggle through courses and bills to make their dreams of mystery of heroism, education a success, and that’s why it is so terrifying that chance and paperscomputer science subjectivity play such a large role in the college admissions process. The purpose of the like resume, essay is to reveal something personal about yourself to paperscomputer the admissions committee that isn#8217;t conveyed elsewhere in the application. The first essay didn#8217;t work because it was analysis of the merits of of heroism, two versions of a song. I#8217;m surprised that the crossword puzzle essay was offered as an essay that worked #8212; it seems unoriginal, forced, overly dramatic, self-coscious. I read plenty of those as an admissions officer. The debate one worked because it revealed the author as an observant, empathetic and mature person. Paperscomputer? And for jello #8212; I think that could have been a very funny essay with some good editing, and perhaps may have revealed the ap language tips, author as a quirky kid with a good sense of humor.

I agree with lp#8217;s analysis. It should be drummed into every applicant: whatever the subject, the paperscomputer, real point is to provide a sense of of heroism, yourself. Unless you are some kind of master stylist, writing about #8220;other things#8221; will not impress #8212; and even superlative style might very well be lost on an admissions officer who is, after all, looking for a reason to make a decision #8212; any decision #8212; about research paperscomputer, your application. I too think the crossword puzzle essay seems silly and ap language and composition forced, but I also think the other musical essay was trite and forced. I am afraid that this is what the admissions process has reduced essay writing to. With the exception of the paperscomputer science, second entry, (the Nirvana kid), the rest fell flat. He seemed to mla bibliography essay convey his thoughts fluidly, and in the manner that he was thinking them. The first entry was of minor interest#8230; but obvioulsy didn#8217;t achieve what it was intended to achieve.

The third was simply terrible. Enough said. Research? The fourth had redeeming value. There are multiple purposes for essay, the essay. One is to guage an applicant#8217;s ability to write. Fortunately, many employers, like The Times, still value this ability. If your child does not #8220;have a talent#8221; in science this area, he/she needs to ap language essay get to work. More important, if a consultant writes an research, applicant#8217;s essay, that applicant is ap language and composition, cheating. Your answer implies that it is acceptable for a student to research paperscomputer do so.

It is mla bibliography, no more acceptable for a consultant to research science write the essay than it is for a student to exaggerate in her list of extracurricular activities. The essay is important and valuable and should remain a part of the application process. It#8217;s not the ap language and composition essay, topic, or it#8217;s generational relationship to the reader, it#8217;s the writing, Sentence structure, organization, rhetorical flourish; the good essays have all three of these. The poor essays just needed some editingor, in some cases, a lot of research, editing. The College Application Essay is an evening, one of the best ways to introduce yourself to the Admissions Committee but must be done with care or it will reduce your chances for admission. Research Paperscomputer Science? Certainly there is a lot of good advice out mystery of heroism essay there, yet it seems hard to believe that by the time a student reaches 17 or 18 years old, they need help with writing a 250-500 word essay! I#8217;ve worked with teens applying to research paperscomputer college for several years now, guiding them through the process, and yes, helping to write their essays. Believe me, they need it!

Please realize that just over 26% of kids are now receiving professional guidance with their essays and college applications. Why? Competition has increased dramatically; a combination of demographics and the simplicity of The Common Application has contributed to the average student now sending out 10 or more applications! Assume that most kids will have similar GPA#8217;s, SAT#8217;s and a noteworthy background in writing film essays athletics, music or some other passion when applying to a particular school#8230;..what really differentiates him or her? The essay and research science a personal interview. Some schools do not offer interviews and more and more schools are adding supplemental essays to their applications to weed out the students that may not be all that serious about attending their school, even if they are accepted!

Colleges are businesses with expenses and toefl essay grading rubric payrolls and endowments to consider. Use every tool you have to research paperscomputer science write a great essay, but grades and SAT scores still trump the. essays unless you can guarantee you#8217;ll bring them their first ever College Golf Championship! (Might be a good topic to write about!) Write a very interesting narrative that people will want to read and not put down until they have read the very last word! Write to your audience#8230;#8230;do not write about the time you got caught doing something illegal and brag about your brillant negotiating skills with the police and essay how you managed to avoid being arrested! Forget humor unless you are a professional comic#8230;#8230;very hard to science convey a funny story#8230;#8230;.sometimes you really need to have been there! Finally, have lots of people read it, and if it#8217;s not excellent, just very good, do it again! Its that important! Good Luck Everyone January 1st Deadline is coming fast!

Is post number 12 an mla bibliography essay, advertisement? Its seems like an awful lot of private college admissions #8220;counselors#8221; use the research, comments sections of this blog to justify their services. For the record I agree with the essay, Curmudgeon, having a consultant write your college application for research, you is toefl essay grading, cheating. Its fine to science have some help, but the majority of the work and the essay#8217;s #8220;voice#8221; should be the essay tips, student#8217;s. As a further aside, who is to say that these advisors actually improve the essays.

I#8217;m not a professional writer and I don#8217;t work in research paperscomputer science admissions, but I find #8220;Highly Competitive Essays'#8221; use of exclamation points to writing analysis essays be excessive. Hi The Curmudgeon (#10), Post #12 confirms my point. If one fourth of the kids are receiving paid help, that puts the rest of the applicants at a distinct disadvantage. You would be very surprised to find out research paperscomputer science just how many people are hiring consultants to mystery of heroism essay write these essays. I absolutely do not mean to infer that it is acceptable to cheat. Research? I only mean to say that it creates an unfair playing field. Until the colleges can figure a way to make it fair, I think the essay should be removed. Essay? Students can submit graded English assignments instead. I remember the kind of research science, person that I was as a teenager and know that if I had to write a college essay, it would have been the jello one. Walk Essay? In addition, I liked the Glee/Lennon essay because I wanted to know what she was going to say about the former Beatle. On the contrary, I lost interest in the 2nd music essay and skimmed over the crossword one (the so-called good essays).

As a CUNY applicant in paperscomputer science 1979-80, I didn#8217;t need to complete an application essay. However, as a student years later (20-30 years later to essay be exact), my writing matured and I have won academic honors and one scholarship for my writing (I graduated from a state school). I love writing and couldn#8217;t imagine my life without it (although I write for pleasure, not publication). By the paperscomputer science, way, my SAT scores were also low but I received a Bachelor#8217;s at 43 and a Master#8217;s (4.0 GPA) at 46. I currently have my dream job, introducing books to children. So there, admission officers! Consider reading the book(s) ESSAYS THAT WORKED; every admissions officer does.

My son wrote his essays for his AP English class at a top high school as an assignment. The #8220;prompts#8221; are known about in summer, so making it a part of AP English in an evening walk fall was easy especially since many students applied to UC and the private colleges routinely and it boasts a 95% college rate. They went through several reviews and revisions. And by the end they worked well. He got into UCLA that was his first choice. After that experience, my daughter put together her essays easily with my son#8217;s input. Science? She ran them by essay, her college English and History instructors (she went entirely the paperscomputer science, community college route in lieu of high school). Like Look? She got into Berkeley that was her first choice. I believe that students who don#8217;t have diligent and research paperscomputer science involved English instructors who are willing to make these college essays a part of their curriculum or personal time are at a significant disadvantage. Writing Essays? Even though the essay is written by the student and in research paperscomputer science the student#8217;s voice, these professionals pointed out flaws that needed correction and reinforced the prompt questions.

And in subsequent university courses, the care of these instructors is mla bibliography essay, evident in any courses where my kids must write an essay. They had a lasting impression. I would wish other student would get this guidance. Research? I feel that these essays were #8220;first drafts#8221; with ideas but no guidance to refine them. So as a means to judge students, it really only shows the of heroism, schools and students who have caring instructors and follow through on their suggestions and research those who may lack such resources. That comment read like an ad! But guess what. Even ads can have too many exclamation points!

If I was an admissions reader, I#8217;d be exhausted by look, all of those bangs! Please, please, please, spare us the ads in research paperscomputer the comments! Btw, the crossword essay was stylistically hackneyed! This is an interesting article. These next few weeks certainly are critical for college applications! On the essay side of things, I#8217;ve found the site, really helpful in assisting my daughter with building her essay. I believe the importance of college application essays are overblown here. You cannot expect engineering students to write as eloquently as liberal arts students. The jello essay may have been written by an engineering student while the crossword puzzle essay by writing analysis essays, a liberal arts student. I hope colleges are not just looking for good writers.

This country needs great engineers too! And you are not going to be impressed by many of their college app essays. I agree with seachange. Cheating is unjustifable, but we all know it happens. Besides consultants, friends, siblings and parents have been known to write students#8217; essays. There is little chance to paperscomputer science cheat on an SAT/ACT test or an AP/IB exam; these results, along with the transcript, should be given more weight. Essay? Yet every autumn it is the essay that causes the most anxiety. My son and I brainstormed for weeks before he came up with a suitable topic to write about. Then it took him another a few weeks to write and paperscomputer science edit his essay. Essay Rubric? I would hate to research paperscomputer see his four years of hard work and excellent grades/test results wasted because the admissions committee at his number one school was not intrigued by his essay. Especially if someone with lower grades and test results is admitted on the basis of an essay which they did not write.

We are told that admissions counselors can tell the writing film, difference between an essay written by research science, a high school student and look resume one by science, an adult. Ap Language And Composition Essay Tips? I hope they really can. Personally, I feel the essay is important to paperscomputer give a #8220;face#8221; to the applicant. The rest of the application is a listing of grades, scores and extracurriculars (which can easily be embellished) but the essay is supposed to be the student#8217;s voice. I agree with another poster that sending in a graded English assignment is mystery of heroism essay, a good alternative. These examples demonstrate the importance of teaching our kids to communicate effectively, not only through the written word, but also through speaking. If kids can#8217;t communicate their ideas through proper grammar techniques and through content, admissions officers have a difficult time deciding if they are an appropriate match for the school.

Communication is key in all fields. The kids who wrote the lesser essays may be amazing people, but they failed to communicate it. Glenda. I am often asked how to compose memorable application essays out of “ordinary” teenage lives. High school seniors who haven’t won international awards or lived on houseboats or in homeless shelters can feel as if their essays have little to offer. They’re terrified that they will make the science, same “mistakes” that are highlighted here in “The Choice” (and no wonder … even Ian admissions professional for three decadeshad a tough time differentiating between the “good” and “bad” ones!). I always reply that, during my 15 years of resume, reading application essays at Smith College, many of the most memorable submissions were on mundane topics. One of my all-time favorites was about a laundry mishap at research paperscomputer science a summer school. The author explained how she had accidentally washed her roommate’s expensive white undergarments with her own red sweatshirt. Of course, the essay wasn’t really just about essay tips, laundry … it was more about the boundaries of research science, friendship. Other wonderful essays I recall include a hilarious one on playing in a truly terrible school band and another called “Why I Shop at Wal-Mart.” While there are lots of books out there that serve up samples of “successful” essays, there are two that I especially like that offer helpful suggestions on how to writing analysis essays craft your own. #8220;On Writing The College Application Essay: Secrets of a former Ivy League Admissions Officer,#8221; by research science, Harry Bauld (which I’ve recommended for like, eons) and a newcomer called, #8220;Concise Advice: Jump-Starting Your College Admissions Essays,#8221; by Robert Cronk, both lead students through the research paperscomputer science, composition process and never lose sight of the fact that 17-year-olds can rarely report triumphs—or traumas—that might help their essays stand out in ap language essay tips a crowd.

Admission officials really DO want to read about their applicants’ experiences, no matter how “typical,” and research paperscomputer they are eager to view them through the writers’ eyes. Students shouldn’t ever worry that they have nothing cataclysmic to chronicle. After all, what could be more #8220;ordinary#8221; than laundry? I would say that the applicant who wrote the #8220;Imagine#8221; essay didn#8217;t get due to the essay#8217;s flat prose, poor organization, and questionable grammar, not its subject matter. The song was not sung #8220;by the show,#8221; but by the characters on ap language tips, the show. Research Paperscomputer Science? The sentence #8220;When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230;#8221; is just an of heroism, incredible mess. He didn#8217;t watch #8220;while#8221; they were singing; it should be #8220;were joined by;#8221; and research paperscomputer science #8220;surprisingly affected me#8221; is a terribly clumsy construction.

How about: #8220;As I watched another glee club join the deaf adolescents in singing the song during this episode, I was surprised by how much it affected me.#8221; Not all applicants will be strong writers, but all need to show at film essays least a basic grasp of research paperscomputer, how to communicate a thought.

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Essay: ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’ and the Victorian Era. Chapter 1. The Victorian Era 3 Chapter 2. Tess, the paperscomputer science tragedy of an essay, unfair existence 14 Chapter 3. Rape or seduction? 27 Chapter 4. Anna Karenina and Tess of the D’Urbervilles, a tragic destiny 41. Chapter 5. Conclusions. The MA dissertation ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles, an unfair existence’ deals with the problematic of Victorian women, analyzed in Thomas Hardy’s novel, ‘Tess of paperscomputer D’Urbervilles. The project is an attempt to an evening find some answers about the women’s roles in a patriarchal society ruled and dominated by men.

The analysis also focused on the Christian prejudices and the injustice of social law. The theoretical part is structured into three chapters. The first one is an introduction into paperscomputer, the Victorian Epoch and analysis essays, analyses this period of great changes that brought England to its highest point of development and also the research science dramatic inequities between men and women. The next chapter concentrates on Tess’s life and mystery of heroism essay, tries to determine why Hardy’s heroine”’ The third chapter tries to investigate if Tess of D’Urbervilles was raped or seduced, if she is an angel or, by contrary, a fallen woman. In the practical part I made a comparison between Tess’ destiny and Anna Karenina’s fall highlighting the fact that the illusion of true love and the social rejection determined the two heroines’ destiny.

The last chapter reports the conclusions that resulted from the analysis made on research science Hardy’s novel, ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’. The Victorian era. What was the Victorian Era? What changes brought the an evening Victorian Age in England society and literature? How was Thomas Hardy influenced by the Victorian Era?

The Victorian era of British history was the paperscomputer period of rubric Queen Victoria’s reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on science 22 January 1901. Mla Bibliography Essay! It was a very long period with significant changes in almost every aspect of politics, law, economics and society. The Victorian age it was first and foremost a period of evolution. The archaic and agricultural society was transformed into a modern society with the reign of democracy and industrialism. In 1837, when Queen Victoria acceded to the throne, the majority of England’s people had houses in the countryside; few of paperscomputer science them could read and toefl grading, write, children of five year old worked long days underground in research paperscomputer science, mines or ran deadly machinery in factories. The political and legal power was in the hands of toefl grading rubric a few people- men who held land. ‘By the time Queen Victoria died in 1901, the modern world had taken shape. Most of England’s people were town or city dwellers. Research Paperscomputer! London, the capital of an look resume, empire that covered one-fourth of the globe, had subway trains and electric streetlights; telegraph messages speed around the world in minutes; luxurious steamships plied a busy transatlantic trade. Science! Education was compulsory; public hanging of criminals had been abolished; a man’s religion or (lack of it) no longer barred him from attending a university or serving in Parliament.’ The Victorian England was dominated by the effects of the Industrial Revolution: the population grew quickly, more and toefl essay grading rubric, more cities appeared, a broad system of railway was built.

England became the glory of the nineteenth century. But the Industrial Revolution had also lots of negative aspects: insalubrious shelters for the workers, the employ of young children in the workforce, unsatisfying work conditions, small wages and lots of hours of hard work. There were few laws to improve hours, earnings, safety, job security or working conditions. People worked six day a week. ‘In the early years of the industrial revolution, the birth rate was high and many people died before middle age. More than half the population was children and many were without parents.’ The new technologies of the nineteenth century radically changed people’s lives and perceptions. It was a century of technical innovations, industrial success and economic prosperity. Research Paperscomputer! All this opportunities changed the way people thought about the world. It wasn’t any more a dark world; it was a bright one, which could be improved through initiative and ap language and composition essay tips, hard work.

In what concerns the political aspects of the research paperscomputer Victorian age it can be said that England was dealing with significant changes: the Parliament became preoccupied with the regularization of the economic conditions, public health, education, and other aspects of social life. ‘By the end of the of heroism essay century, there were public hospitals for the chronically ill; asylums for the mentally handicapped; schools for blind, deaf, and disabled children; homes for the elderly; and other appropriate public institutions for people incapable of self-support.’ The society was divided into three categories: working class- men and women who performed physical labor being paid daily or weekly- middle class, men performed mental work, being paid monthly or annually and the upper class who didn’t work but had an income came from the inherited property and investments. Research Paperscomputer Science! This class hierarchy was accepted and understood by toefl rubric the entire population. Research! Class had distinctive signs in manners, speech, clothing, education and values. The classes lived in essay, specific areas and thought of themselves as distinct categories with well defined standards and people were expected to conform to the rules for their class. It wasn’t appropriate to research science have the same behavior like someone for an evening walk essay, a class above- or below- your own. What is important to mention is the fact that the middle class grew in research, size and ap language essay tips, importance during the Victorian period. This class was formed of successful industrialists and extremely rich bankers or poor clerks. ‘Within the middle class, those with the highest social standing were the professionals (sometimes referred to as the old middle class or upper middle class). They included Church of England clergymen, military and naval officers, men in the higher-status branches of law and medicine, those at the upper levels of governmental service, university professors, and the headmasters of prestigious schools.” Victorian England was a very religious country, the research paperscomputer science Victorian people being regular churchgoers. The Bible was frequently and widely read by ap language and composition tips the people of research paperscomputer every class and its dogmas were adapted to the everyday life: the walk essay individual should live a life filled with energy, tumult and struggles against doubt. Yet, towards the research paperscomputer science end of Queen Victoria’s reign, the Bible wasn’t accepted any more as literally true and free from errors. New ways of thinking developed and the people confronted with a crisis of like resume faith.

In the Victorian age, women were seen through men’s eyes. They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the research science family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. They were ‘angels in the house’, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and children. Like Look! They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. Paperscomputer! ‘Every man had the ap language essay right to paperscomputer science force his wife into sex and childbirth. He could take her children without reason and look resume, send them to be raised elsewhere. He could spend his wife’s inheritance on a mistress or on prostitutes.[..] If a woman was unhappy with her situation there was, without exception, nothing she could do about it.’ Women lived in an unfair society which tolerated and research science, encouraged men’s dominance, a society in which women had no chances for grading rubric, emancipation.

This situation was supported by paperscomputer science church, law, tradition, history, and seemed to have no solution for retrieval. Signals of dissent were controlled by toefl grading husbands, fathers and paperscomputer, even brothers. The nineteenth century woman had to enter into a marriage because this step was necessary for her survival. Writing Film Analysis Essays! She was somehow forced to depend on man, to beg for existence and for love. ‘Barred by paperscomputer science law and mla bibliography essay, custom from entering trades and professions by which they could support themselves, and restricted in the possession of property, woman had only one means of livelihood, that of research paperscomputer marriage.’ In order to be accepted as wife, a woman had to be virgin, pure, and free from any desire of love and sexual thought before the wedding. An indecent behavior was accepted in mla bibliography essay, men’s case: they could have sexual relationships before and paperscomputer science, after the marriage without any moral or legal consequences. Marriage was seen as a duty of women, the complete fulfillment of their personalities, the most important step in their lives, an occasion for entering the society, a way of answering the community’s requests. Giving birth to children was the film analysis essays biggest realization in a couple’s life, the ‘crowning achievement of research paperscomputer a woman’s life’ . Unfortunately, this crucial event didn’t raise a woman’s social and familial status, she remained a household manager, a body for his husband, and a protective human being for the child. Wives were supposed to an evening see the sexual act as a necessity for giving birth to research the descendants and not as a source of pleasure. Sex for mystery of heroism, another reason than for procreation was seen as dirty and outrageous and changed the research husband’s image over his wife: she was seen like a perverted person without any religious values ‘a mother who lacked religious faith could not instill sexual propriety in her daughter, and and composition essay tips, thus was unfit to paperscomputer be a mother at all.’ Women weren’t allowed to have any personal opinions: they had to strive with the same goals as their husbands, to stay far away from the social life and to be preoccupied with the house and the children’s raise. The Victorian woman sacrifices herself every day for the husband and essay grading rubric, children. ‘The pure woman’s life was supposed to be entirely centered on paperscomputer the home.

She preserved the higher moral values, guarded her husband’s conscience, guided her children’s training, and helped regenerate society through her daily display of Christianity in action.’ The Victorian woman had no power over writing film analysis essays, her life or her children’s: when she was accused of adultery, she was viewed as ‘fallen’ or ‘ruined’ and her husband could kidnap and incarcerate her having the backing of the research paperscomputer law. Like! The children remained in the man’s custody. ‘A husband could divorce his wife if she committed adultery, but the paperscomputer woman who wanted a divorce had to prove her husband guilty not only of adultery, but also of essay incest, bigamy, bestiality, cruelty or desertion. If a man did not commit adultery, he could treat his wife as badly as he liked: cruelty alone was not sufficient for divorce.’ For many, the word ‘Victorian’ is associated with pictures of over-dresses woman and arrogant men gathered in salons and reading-rooms. In this epoch, the rules of research science personal conduct were inflexible and and composition tips, not respected. Research Paperscomputer! Victorians won a bed reputation o saying one thing and ap language and composition essay tips, doing another.

This feebleness will be a major writing theme for the next generations who will criticize it. In the Victorian era the society was transforming fast and lots of people could not understand the society’s mechanism. The nobility, in the past at the top of the research paperscomputer science social pyramid, lost his position and became preoccupied with the agriculture. The middle class was now in the top of mla bibliography essay England society and used the poor to achieve his goals. Children were working in research paperscomputer science, the mines lots of hours and were a viable force for the society’s- capitalistic middle class- prosperity. In what concerns the toefl essay grading Victorian literature it can be noticed significant changes.

It’s the research paperscomputer science beginning of a new way of writing prose, the lyric prose, a writing that expresses not only ideas but ideas wrote in a beautiful form. The Victorians need in this period of great disquiet guides to better understand the ap language essay economical, social and religious changes. Writers as Thomas Carlyle, John Henry Newman, Matthew Arnold helped England people to better understand the society they lived in. ‘Up the still, glistening beaches, Up the creeks we will hie, Over banks of bright seaweed. The ebb-tide leaves dry. We will gaze, from the sand-hills, At the white, sleeping town;

At the church on the hill-side’ And then come back down. Singing: “There dwells a loved one, But cruel is she! She left lonely for research paperscomputer, ever. The kings of the sea. ‘ Thomas Carlyle was the dominant figure of the essay Victorian Age. He succeeded to influence every category of Victorian life. He could not accept any spiritual weakness or social destruction.

Carlyle hated the social inequalities, conventions and mendacity. He was skeptic about the role of paperscomputer democracy benefactions and believed that the toefl essay grading population can be governed by research paperscomputer a ‘hero’ who can lead the masses to glory. The spiritual freedom was a value important for Carlyle and he succeeded through his writings to highlight human cost and diseases of manufacturing. Mla Bibliography! Carlyle thought that his role, the role of research paperscomputer a writer and a thinker is to of heroism essay denounce the research abuse that is prepared by the society. It was the writer’s duty to speak out against the abuses and inequality of this new and scary world. He saw industrialization and the Industrial Revolution as responsible for an evening essay, extermination and also the root for the lost of research paperscomputer science human characteristics. Writers could not escape any more into fantasy or imagine great worlds with a perfect life knowing that the society they live in toefl essay, is ill and is a threat for the humanity. Elizabeth Barrett-Browning’s poem ‘The Cry of the Children’ is a criticism against the jobs in mines offered to the young children. He describes the conditions in the England mines and wrote about the hard life children had to endure in the depth of the mines.

In Victorian Age poetry was considered superior than prose and also than novel theatre. The predominant figure of this period was Alfred, Lord Tennyson. He wrote about social changes and he raised questions about the veracity of religion. His poetry is romantic in subject but has lots of personal reflections. Robert Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barret Browning were also popular in the Victorian period. Robert Browning is famous for his dramatic monologues but both succeeded to capture the beauty of life and the wind of changes. Francis Thompson, Alice Meynell, Christina Rossetti, Rudyard Kipling and Lionel Johnson are also famous poetry writers in the Victorian epoch. In the middle of 19th Century, the Pre-Raphaelites guided by the poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti tried to bring to light the values and the principles of the culture and life. William Morris- designer, inventor, poetry writer, philosopher was the group leader helped by paperscomputer Christina Rossetti and Coventry Patmore. During the 1890s the decadents are the most important figures in an evening walk, the English literature. The group’s leaders are Arthur Symons, Ernest Dowson the most talented and research paperscomputer, controversial figure being Oscar Wilde.

The decadents rejected what they considered banal progress. They argued that art should be judged on the basis of ap language and composition form rather than values and this idea is perfectly sustained by the motto ‘art for art’s sake’. They also rejected the idea that literature and art have to play important ethical roles and literature can offer the reader models of excellence and honor. The Victorian epoch is a great moment for the English novel- pastoral, realistic with a complicated action, with complex characters and long. It was the preferred form of writing to describe and analyze the contemporary life and to captivate the middle class. Charles Dickens writings are full of research paperscomputer science melodrama, amusement, complex heroes and complicated life situations.

Dickens is regarded as the greatest novelist of the an evening walk Victorian period and paperscomputer science, one of the creators of the most well-known fictional characters. His oeuvre was extremely popular and by the twentieth century has been considered a literary genius by his critics. William Makepeace Thackeray is famous for his novel ‘Vanity Fair’ (1848) a satire upon ap language and composition essay tips, hypocrisy and avarice. The novels of George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans) described ethical conflicts and social concerns. Jane Eyre (1847) and Villette (1853), Charlotte Bront’??s novels respect the conventions but dare in their own way. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson writes under the pseudonym Lewis Caroll and is the author of Alice’s adventures in Wonderland (1865) a complex and sophisticated children’s book. At some point in the Victorian Age the novel has replaced the poetry as the most efficient and research science, realistic transmission of art and literature. This change was a valid change accepted by the people and even preferred nowadays. Serial publication in magazines and journals became more and essay, more favored and in research paperscomputer, a short period of time these writings were published and sold in their complete form.

Thomas Hardy was born on June 2, 1840, in grading, a Dorset’s village of Higher Bockhampton. Hardy was a very sick child and his parents Thomas and Jemima Hardy thought that he won’t survive. He was kept mostly at home being a sick young. After his completely recovery he started to explore the countryside he lived in observing rural families with their traditions, unwritten laws, believes. He adored the church rituals and he was member of Stinsford church musicians, playing the research paperscomputer violin and performing traditional dances, described later in ‘Under the Greenwood Tree.’ In the ‘Life’, Hardy describes faithfully the complex routine that shaped his knowledge at this period: ‘To these externals may be added the peculiarities of his inner life, which might almost have been called academic ‘ a triple existence unusual for like look resume, a young man ‘ what he used to call, in science, looking back, a life twisted of three strands ‘ the professional life, the scholar’s life, and the rustic life, combined in the twenty-four hours of one day, as it was with him through these years. Toefl Essay Grading Rubric! He would be reading the Iliad, the Aeneid, or the Greek Testament from six to eight in the morning, would work at Gothic architecture all day, and research paperscomputer science, then in the evening rush off with his fiddle under his arm ‘ sometimes in the company of his father as first violin and uncle as ‘celloist ‘ to play country-dances, reels, and hornpipes at an agriculturalist’s wedding, christening, or Christmas party in a remote dwelling among the fallow fields, not returning sometimes until nearly dawn.’ At the film essays age of eight Thomas Hardy joined the research Anglican school recently opened in mla bibliography, his village and later was sent to the school of Dorchester. After the age of teen he become more healthy and strong and he could participate to the Greek and Latin classes helped by his mother with money who believed in Thomas ‘dream to attend Cambridge in order to become a bishop. When Hardy was 22 he moved to London and worked as apprentice architect for Arthur Blomfield, visiting in the same time theatres, museums and galleries, enjoying every journey and observing attentively all the attractions London could offer. ‘In spite of the opportunities for dissipation in the capital, Hardy’s life seems to paperscomputer have remained disciplined and devoted to self-improvement. He visited the International Exhibition at South Kensington (later the Victoria and Albert Museum) for its architectural artefacts and paintings, studied the great masters at the National Gallery during his lunch period, and an evening walk essay, enrolled for French classes at research science King’s College. Finding that architecture did not challenge him intellectually, he began reading the work of John Ruskin, who wrote about the essay cultural significance of art, and who championed Turner as pre-eminent among European painters.’ In 1863 he starts writing a notebook about ‘Schools of science paintings’ because he imagines himself as an art critic. Ap Language And Composition Essay Tips! He thought also at paperscomputer science a journalistic career as a way of earning money in order to allow him to attend the and composition essay University and enter the church. ‘However, this aim receded as under Moule’s mentorship Hardy was introduced to the writings of a wide range of contemporary thinkers, including the work of research paperscomputer John Henry Newman, the leader of the Oxford Movement, who left the Anglican Church for Roman Catholicism, and whose Apologia pro writing film essays Vita Sua was published in science, 1864, on like look which Hardy made quite extensive notes.

But Hardy also read John Stuart Mill [85, 121], a seminal philosopher and economist, who formed the Utilitarian Society, wrote On Liberty (1859), a comprehensive defense of paperscomputer individual freedom, and Utilitarianism (1861) and who, in contrast to Newman, regarded the ideal of Christianity as negative and toefl essay grading, passive.’ Hardy considered Mill as ‘one of the profoundest thinkers of the last century’ and he was influenced by research science his writings. By 1865 Hardy had begun to film analysis see himself as a future writer. He published the humorous prose ‘How I Built Myself a House’, anonymously in Chambers’ Journal and he won his first earnings from writing but Hardy returned to poetry and research paperscomputer, studied intensively multiple poetry volumes. ‘Determined and methodical, he began keeping a notebook headed ‘Studies, Specimens etc.’, in of heroism essay, which he listed quotations, attempted to research paperscomputer develop a vocabulary of his own, and an evening, recorded observations of people and scenes for possible poems.’ Hardy’s earliest poems were written in 1865 and 1866 and research, remained unpublished many years. The critics could not tell exactly why Thomas Hardy wasn’t willing to publish his poetry because any testimony couldn’t be found. In this time the young writer was involved in a relationship with Eliza Bright Nicholls, relationship described by his biographer, Michael Millgate as a weak relation and Hardy was ‘more or less formally engaged from about 1863 until 1867’. ‘ His relationship with Eliza gave rise to essay the ‘She, to Him’ series of poems, and in the Wessex Poems volume in which they appear, on research the opposite page is printed Hardy’s drawing of two figures climbing the path that runs up to Clavel Tower overlooking Kimmeridge Bay. Essay! The end of the relationship is recorded in the poem, ‘Neutral Tones’.’ Bibliography Chapter One. 1. Harvey, G., ‘The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy’, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 2. Research! Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ‘Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and analysis essays, sexuality in paperscomputer science, Britain, 1875-1925’, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. 3. Jennings, A., ‘Stranger than Fiction. Life and mla bibliography, Literature in the Late Victorian Age’, Black Cat Publishing, 2001.

4. Kent, Susan.’Sex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 5. Matthew, A., ‘The Forsaken Merman’ in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 6. Millgate, M., Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist, London: Macmillan, 1994. 7. Mitchell, S.,’Daily Life in Victorian England’, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 8. Wojtczak, H., ‘Women of Victorian Sussex’, Hastings Press, 2003. Tess, the tragedy of an paperscomputer science, unfair existence. Is Tess a victim or a blemished woman? Is Tess’s tragedy inevitable’?Tess of the D’Urbervilles is the product of essay Hardy’s fascination with women of beauty, energy and intelligence who find themselves trapped between these gifts, the paperscomputer science aspirations such gifts justify, and their society’s assumption that respectable women must be either submissive or obtrusively and harmlessly aspiring. With few exceptions, Hardy’s most interesting characters are his unconventional women including Tess who, so unconventional both before and after, is, predictably both the essay conventional ruined maid of fiction and a ruined maid like no other that has existed in British fiction.’ Tess of d’Urbervilles appears regularly in the literary magazine ‘The Graphic’ thorough the 1891.

This was an original method of Hardy. Research! First, the author published his novels, serialized, in a magazine, and essays, then, the novel is research science published in the book form. The book’s subtitle, ‘A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented ‘is the first evidence that Hardy’s novel will shock his readers. The heroine will definitely reject the Victorian rules and will act independently and not in a predictable way as a Victorian heroine. The novel’s readers were certainly impressed by the Hardy’s creation: the of heroism author reveled in a candid manner the Tess’s suffering and he is full of paperscomputer empathy and sympathy for the young girl’s history. It was not easy for Thomas Hardy to find a publisher.

The novel’s plot and also the heroine were full of sexiness. Episodes full of passion were described, Tess was too sexy and in spite the rape willingness presented, Thomas Hardy insists that his heroine remains pure. Essay! All these elements made the novel a controversial work difficult to put in print. In 1890, Hardy succeeded to find a magazine willing to publish his novel but he had to research paperscomputer censor the look most debatable episodes. ‘Tess of the Durbervilles’ was first published in a censored edition and after a few years in its original form. The author also revised later editions of his novel and was somehow forced to modify or even erase some problematic scenes due to science contemporary reviews. Modern critics admit that the 1891 edition is the essay grading rubric closest to the original version of Hardy’s novel. Probably the readers are asking themselves why this novel was so important to print for Thomas Hardy and what changes brought this writing in the Victorian age. After a carefully reading and a harshly analysis the answer can be easily found- Hardy is trying to demonstrate that not all the ‘falling woman’ are prostitutes or ended up having sex outside of marriage.

His heroine, Tess, is a victim of an archaic society which does not accept the paperscomputer science woman’s mistakes. This society is entirely dominated by men and accepts only the like look resume men’s actions full on injustice, immorality and decadence. Thomas Hardy is research science trying to raise some questions about the values of the society he lives in. He is mla bibliography a modern writer because has the ability to attest the validity of the Victorian age values. It’s a significant discrepancy between the standards applied to men and the rules the women had to respect in order to avoid the public humiliation and the lack of respect. The rape was a sensitive subject in the epoch and always considered as determined by the woman’s conduct. Research! No presumption of film essays innocence was given to the poor women who were not involved in a sexual relationship with a man, who was not protected by any legal or natural law. Thomas Hardy has structured his book in seven phases (novel division) which present the short and tragic life of his heroine, from her childhood to womanhood. ”Phase’ is an science, interesting demarcation in itself. Unlike the mystery customary ‘book’ or ‘part’ or ‘section”each a spatial marker, none temporal”phase’ signi’es a stage of change or development as well as unobtrusively linking Tess’s growth to womanhood with the rhythms of the lunar cycle. ‘Seven’ is, in turn, redolent of universal meanings: it is given as the Age of Reason, the Seven Ages of Man (Shakespeare), and the Seven Pillars of Wisdom. And, of course, the seventh day is the Christian Sabbath’the sacred day of research science fulfillment in the Genesis story of Creation; the day of rest from labor and of thanksgiving.’ The seven phases are also divided cyclically and thematically.

The novel begins with ‘The Maiden’ which presents the young Tess in a difficult situation, he feels very culpable and also responsible for toefl essay grading, the death of Prince. In ‘The Chase’, when she is sexually abused she realizes that she her virginity is lost and she is damned to live a sadly life, with no respect or understanding from the community she lives in. She knows she is research science now ‘another girl than the one she had been at toefl essay rubric home’ A new stage of Tess’s life starts with The Second Phase, ‘Maiden No More’. Now she is expectant a baby and paperscomputer, decides that she can’t stay any more in Trantridge. Essay! Tess has tried to help his parents to resolve the financial problems they had at home and research paperscomputer science, struggled to make Alec understand that she is not in mystery essay, love with him but she has lost his innocence trying to defend it. The heroine does not want a life full of lies and a marriage without love and he decides to leave Alec and the life he can offer her. ‘Of all things, a lie on this thing would do the most good for me now; but I have honour enough left, little as ’tis, not to tell that lie. If I did love you I may have the best o’causes for letting you know it. But I don’t.’ Tess does not accept the marriage with Alec because she cannot be with someone she is not in love with.

She cannot accept this marriage even though it can be the solution for research science, a misery life, it can be the ‘social salvation’. Analyzing the decision Tess makes it can be concluded that Hardy wants to sacrifice Tess and to offer to his British readers an example of morality, integrity and honor. Resume! Hardy transforms his heroine into a model of research paperscomputer science perfection knowing that greatness can be achieved but not perfection. ‘Yet, in like, breaking the popular stereotype, Hardy was accused by some contemporary critics of misrepresenting womankind. The ideal was preferable to the real if only to set a good example for science, the young British person, but Hardy refused to employ his art to such an end. Like Resume! ‘ On the paperscomputer science Phase the Third, ‘The Rally’ readers can meet a new Tess who is willing to mla bibliography forget his past and to start a new life. In this phase Tess is enthusiastic and even though her past is still alive in her soul and her mind she can start over full of confidence and research, hope for the future. The heroine is prepared to embrace the new and unknown and involves in a relationship with Angel Clare.

Is for the first time when Tess feels the true love, loves and is loved. Sometimes she does not know how to react when Angel shows her that he is in writing analysis, love. Science! When Angel tried for toefl essay grading rubric, the first time to take Tess in his arms to kiss her, the girl is very scared and research science, does not know how to react. She starts crying. ‘Why do you cry, my darling’? he said. ‘O’I don’t know!’ she murmured regretfully. Angel misunderstands his reaction and mla bibliography, strongly thinks that he determined this powerful emotion being ‘too quick and unre’ecting’ . Research! Instinctively Tess puts a barrier between her and the man she loves still being traumatized after the and composition experience she had with Alec. She is not used to be in the arms of a man she has feelings for, the heroine being forced in the past to research paperscomputer reject every unwanted embrace offered by her ‘cousin’. After a few minutes of distance and defense she realizes that in Angel’s arms she is safe, she does not have to walk be afraid anymore because Angel will protect her. Definitely she has to confess Angel the sin that changed her and isolated from the community she lives in but the girl knows that isn’t the right moment. Tess does not know how Angel will react, she knows that is a sensitive subject and she can obtain forgiveness only research, if Angel has true and strong feeling for her. ‘The Consequence’ is the title for the Phase the Fourth. Tess is living a beautiful love story with Angel but her happiness is alloyed because the girl knows that she will have to toefl grading tell Angel the ugly truth about science, her past. ‘She makes several attempts but either she is essays sidetracked or she sidetracks herself’again, psychologically plausible self-protective behavior. Research Paperscomputer Science! And when she ‘nally writes him an explanatory note, it accidentally slips under the carpet as she pushes it under his door.

The cycle of intention undermined by accident seems unbreakable. Toefl Rubric! Tess’s resolve is challenged; she feels quite overwhelmed.’ The things are easy neither for Angel nor for Tess. Angel has to face his parents’ attitude, disapproval and to convince them that Tess is the best choice for research paperscomputer, him and not the young lady who he is supposed to marry with. Even though Angel does not admit directly that he has his own prejudices in mla bibliography, what concern the Tess’s situation her soul struggles with his own doubt and his parent’s opposition. Paperscomputer! ‘Indeed, his idealization of ap language and composition essay tips Tess is partly the cause of her failure to confess. The more he elevates her (she is research paperscomputer a goddess, she is a pure daughter of Nature), the more she freezes at film essays having to tell him that she’s none of these things. On the contrary, she is what his Evangelical family at the parsonage might call a fallen woman (and there are even uglier phrases than that).’ Phase the fifth, ‘The woman pays’ presents another chapter in Tess’s life, an episode full of sorrow and pain. Tess revealed Angel all the truth about her situation, she told the man she loved the truth about the sexual assault, the child she gave birth to, his short live, the baptize and the burial. The truth freed her but from Angel she did not receive understanding or unconditional love, only misery and pain. In Angel’s eyes Tess is another woman, a woman with Tess’s body but with a different story, with different values, a human being that he cannot forgive for research paperscomputer, his past and toefl essay rubric, have a happy marriage with. Research! Phase the sixth, ‘The convert’, represents the story of Alec who is mystery of heroism now a ‘preacher’ and is religious converted. The meeting between Alec and Tess is unwanted by paperscomputer the girl but is ap language and composition tips seen by the man as a cure for his soul.

Alec sees Tess, runs after her and tries to persuade her that he is changed, he succeeded to communicate with the divinity and is now aware of the pain he caused her. Research Paperscomputer! He makes Tess promise that she will never tempt him again. In Phase the seventh, ‘Fulfillment’ Alec becomes the resume man that took Tess’s virginity replacing the love for God with a sick love for Tess. The sexually desire is research paperscomputer science stronger than ever and succeeds to transform the man into a sexual exploiter. Mystery Essay! Angel can now see the truth about the Tess’s personality, he can now distinguish the essences and appearances but is too late. ‘In accordance with the fulfillment of the seventh day of science creation, Tess will now rest. Turning her life around for mla bibliography, the very last time, she stands to face her prosecutors with that readiness of will and pure, undaunted spirit from which heroes, not victims, are made. Where Christ’s words were ‘it is research paperscomputer done,’ Tess’s words are ‘I am ready’.’ Was Tess the victim of the inevitable fate? Could the heroine change her destiny or was she damned to self-destruction by the society in which she lived?

Since the beginning of the novel, Thomas Hardy, the author, describes Tess as a beautiful and innocent girl, cheery, energy with a big smile on her face: ‘She was a fine and handsome girl- not handsomer than some others, possibly- but her mobile peony mouth and large innocent eyes added eloquence to color and shape. She wore a red ribbon in her hair, and was the essay grading only one of the white company who could boast of such a pronounced adornment.’ Using the adjectives ‘fine’ and ‘handsome’ the author suggests that Tess is not just a peasant girl who can pass unnoticed, on the contrary, she is a charming girl having all the necessary physique resources for making a man, a rich man maybe, falling in research, love with her and saving her poor existence. She also seems to be ‘the one’ because is the ap language and composition essay tips only one wearing a red ribbon. Tess is the research science most beautiful heroine Hardy has created. It is the first novel in which the author describes so deeply the feminine beauty, he is entirely focused on all the femininities the young girl was blessed with and revels all these features step by step. ‘Failures to essay see Tess rightly are everywhere in the novel, however, for the opportunity to look at her is research science offered again and again to one pair of mla bibliography eyes after another, as if it were a test, a measure of value. Angel’s two brothers, for example, are both short sighted thought they wear the latest fashion in spectacles (XXV, 134). Research Paperscomputer! Blindly, they pass right by Tess, on the day she walked fifteen miles to Emminster Vicarage to ask for help from her father in law. Essay! To them, she is invisible.’ ‘Tess herself is almost less a personality than a beautiful portion of nature violated by human selfishness and over intellectualizing.

She is the research paperscomputer science least flawed of Hardy’s protagonists, but also the least human.’ The mixture between red and toefl grading, white (Tess is wearing a red ribbon and research science, a white dress) used by Thomas Hardy isn’t an accidental choice-it has a deep signification and seems to be the walk author’s way of saying that this girl won’t have a common destiny, she will have a different existence, a scintillating life. The contrast between white-purity- and red-sexual experience- shows that Tess is not like the other girls, is the author’s warning signal and his modality of saying that his heroine will break down the Victorian society rules. At the May Day festivities Tess first meets Angel. Research Paperscomputer! He stops to dance with the women in the village garden although his brothers want to keep traveling but he doesn’t choose Tess to be his dance partner observing her too late. Essay Grading Rubric! This initial event isn’t just an artifice of writing is paperscomputer also the essay author’s first sign that Tess and Angel aren’t meant to be together. Angel doesn’t observe Tess even though she’s the prettiest girl from the green garden because he can’t notice the essences, only the research paperscomputer appearances. And this is probably the reason for which he cannot forgive Tess after he discovers her big secret and condemn her to self-destruction. Tess’s fate is decided by the men in her life.

The first male who has a great word to say about her destiny is Tess’s father. Of Heroism Essay! After he discovers that is the science descendant of an ancient and noble family he sends his eldest daughter to claim kin. Essays! And this is the beginning of a terrible life for Hardy’s heroine who doesn’t manage in meeting Mrs. D’Urbervilles but chances to meet her debauched son, Alec. ‘Hardy keeps the paperscomputer science ‘man against nature’ conflict as central in essay, his novels, yet, he deals with the Victorian theme of social stratification through ‘man against man’ conflict. With the importance attached to class in the late nineteenth century society, Hardy shows why human altruism cannot be achieved in the Victorian world. In a society in which the concept of class has already been established to paperscomputer science form the individual relations of conflict and contract, John Durbeyfield is under the illusion that his ‘aristocratic background’ is significant since this background connects him to the rich d’Urbervilles. It is the illusion, the anticipation that causes him to commit the fatal mistake of sending her daughter to the d’Urbervilles.’ About the first meeting between Alec and Tess, Hardy says: ‘She had an writing, attribute which amounted to a disadvantage just now; and it was this that caused Alec D’Urbervilles eyes to research rivet themselves upon her. It was a luxuriance of aspect, a fullness of growth, which made her appear more of a woman than she really was. She had inherited the essay feature from her mother without the research paperscomputer science quality it denoted.

It had troubled her mind occasionally, till her companions had said that it was a fault which time would cure.’ Later, when Alec runs into Tess again he observes her beautiful mouth and describes it with lot of passion: ‘Surely there never was such a maddening mouth since Eve’s!’ Hardy describes all this physiques details because he wants to demonstrate that Alec’s fascination with Tess is only physical. Alec is fascinated by her ravishing beauty and ‘As the text progresses, Tess is once again described more than once, by her looks. This shows that Tess is being objectified by the author who seems very fascinated by her. He talks about her mouth and her lips as though he wants to kiss her.’ Angel is ap language essay also fascinated by research Tess’ physical features: ‘How very lovable her face was to him. Yet there was nothing ethereal about it; all was real vitality, real warmth, real incarnation. And it was in her mouth that this culminated. Eyes almost as deep and speaking he had seen before, and cheeks perhaps as fair; brows as arched, a chin and throat almost as shapely; her mouth he had seen nothing to writing analysis essays equal on the face of the earth. To a young man with the least fire in him that little upward life in the middle of research paperscomputer science her red top lip was distracting, infatuating, maddening.’ For Angel Clare Tess is a very beautiful girl, with angelic features, lovable in spite of ap language essay tips her beauty and not because of it. The character sees, in science, general, the metaphysical aspect of the things and values the ideal aspect of every action, event, and person.

His name, ‘Angel Clare’ is a significant clue of his personality: His last name ‘Clare’ is the English translation for the French word ‘Clair’ and defines a person with a real capability of understanding the world, a person who lives in mind and is preoccupied with the walk mystical face of the humanity. The adjective ‘clare’ is opposed to ‘heat’ and research paperscomputer science, this opposition is shown in narrator’s confession of Angel’s love for the heroine: “Though not cold-natured, he was rather bright than hot ‘ less Byronic than Shelleyan; could love desperately, but his love more especially inclined to the imaginative and ethereal”. Angel loves Tess, whom he idealizes as a ‘fresh and virginal daughter of Nature’ so deeply that he finally marries Tess without caring about his family’s strong opposition. Analysis! He particularly appreciates her words: ‘I do know that our souls can be made to go outside our bodies when we are alive’ . Research! When he discusses his marriage with his family, he mentions Tess as ‘ a woman who possessed every qualification to be the helpmate of an mla bibliography, agriculture’ , ‘she was a regular church-goer, of simple faith, honest-hearted, receptive, intelligent, graceful to a degree, chaste as a vestal and in personal appearance exceptionally beautiful’ . Hardy indicates: ‘It was for her that he loved Tess, her soul, her heart, her substance-not for her skill in the dairy, her aptness as his scholar, and certainly not for her simple, formal faith-professions’. Research Paperscomputer! Although Angel has liberal visions and is more open minded than his father and his brothers, he is categorical and intransigent. When Tess confesses her sin, Angel is inflexible and can’t forgive the heroine for her only failing: ‘In the name of our love, forgive me! I have forgiven you for the same! Forgive me as you are forgiven!’ But Angel answered cruelly: ‘Tess, forgiveness does not apply to the case! You were one person; now you are another.’ ‘I will obey you, like your wretched slave, even if it is to lie down and die.’ ‘You are very good. But it strikes me that there is a want of harmony between your present mood of self-preservation.’ At the beginning of the novel Thomas Hardy presents a Tess Durbeyfield who is not aware of her beauty. She is just a country girl, with little education, living in the domestic sphere with her parents and brothers.

Tess lives happily on her native heath and essay, suffers a real shock when is forced to research abandon her house. When Tess goes to the D’Urbervilles mansion she meets with young Alec who is ap language tips fascinated by her beauty. And this is, probably, the moment which makes Tess aware of her charm perceived by the heroine as a curse and not as a gift from research paperscomputer science God. Mla Bibliography Essay! Men in Tess’ life have the wrong impression that they own Tess and can change her entirely. Research! Alec reveals his feeling of superiority since the very beginning when he proclaims: ‘what am I, to be repulsed so by a mere chit like you!’ Alec is the perfect image of the Victorian oppressor dominated by mystery essay the ordinary custom and the bourgeois view of morals. He is a sexual predator without an inner life, having a superficial existence and any moral values. Research Science! The character is narcissistic, individualistic and heartless. Because Thomas Hardy doesn’t mention anything about his childhood, the an evening essay reader cannot say that Alec’s personality is the result of a sad infancy. The reader is, somehow, forced to research science internalize the idea that society perverts humankind and essay grading rubric, human beings pervert any society. ‘Alec, the research paperscomputer archetypal seducer in Victorian melodrama, after his violation of Tess’s virginity, does not realize his sin; what’s more, he blames Tess for ap language and composition essay tips, tempting him with her beauty.

He does the wrong and shifts it onto the victim. The social consensus does not condemn or punish Alec. Paperscomputer! Instead it disdains and hunts Tess wherever she goes. The innocent pays for the guilty; the sinned suffers for the sinner.’ Tess’s badluck is essay related to science male dominance and the idea of male supriority. The heroine is just an innocent girl who is traped in a male-centered society. Of Heroism! She doesn’t now anything about the world she lives in. She has the pure belief that human beings are kind and can’t hurt honest people. She knows little about love because she has never been in love. Science! For her love is: ‘patient, love is kind.

It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.’ Tess has a real respect for like look resume, her family and respects his father’s will and not her own senses when leaves to claim kin. She accepts any job Alec offers to paperscomputer science her because knows very well that her family needs a new horse to ap language essay tips survive. Research Paperscomputer Science! It can be said that the heroine is like an angel for mla bibliography, her family, a spotless soul which is damned to live among monsters with human faces. Alec is the first master of disguises Tess meets. Paperscomputer Science! Since the very beginning Tess dislikes Alec but endures his permanent undesirable attention because the mystery essay girl has a clear purpose: to earn money. Alec calls Tess ‘coz’ (cousin), wanting to worm girl’s confidence but there’s nothing real in this appellative because the libertine young man has dark plans for research paperscomputer, Hardy’s heroine. Tess is barely answerable for her actions: even though he does not like Alec and does not want a relation with him the obsession the man gets for the young girl will destroy her life. Mystery Essay! Her ‘dumb and paperscomputer science, vacant fidelity’ to Angel would rather characterize a poor animal than a thoughtful human being. Tess’s sensitivity is obviously the analysis result of emotions and not of judging.

Hardy reveals that the adoration the girl has for Angel is intense maybe extreme, but the author sees in paperscomputer, her feelings something pure, emotions that translate generosity, self-sacrifice, forgiveness. The Hardy’s protagonist has a great capacity of loving and understanding the human beings. With Alec she discovers that physical beauty can be a weight and not a blessing gave by God. She is a beautiful ‘object’ that Alec wants to add to his collection. He is not in love with the poor girl, he is mystery attracted by her appearance and is the object of his powerful sexually desire. ‘The wicked inhabitant of the d’Urbervilles hall, the permanently smoking Alec, offers Tess the red roses and the fresh strawberries. He does this, actually, in a very bizarre way; he puts the strawberries directly into the Tess’s mouth and presses the roses onto her breasts.

The reader recognises that Alec is research paperscomputer haunting Tess physically as well as mentally, he acts as her persecutor, who is gifted by the supreme power of reducing her not only into tears, but, more importantly, into the unconscious state.’ Alec personifies the unjust moralities on women and essay, is the reflexion of research science a society which encourages injustice toward marriage and sexuality. Tess is a pure woman but becomes ‘fallen’ because the mla bibliography Victorian age has a certain opinion about chastity and virginity. The girl becomes Alec’s obliged mistress and THE murderess who has to die. Even though she was moral oppressed and psysical assaulted, the heroine is the only culpable and research paperscomputer, has to pay for her mistakes. Ap Language And Composition Tips! She can’t live any more in a patriarchal society which only accepts man’s mistakes and condamns women to have a pure conduct and a martyr life. Tess is doomed to tragedy. She is trapped in a strange society where social prejudice meets male-dominance. Research Paperscomputer Science! ‘Tess’s story, to some extent, reflects the rigidity of convention, the harshness of social law and the prejudice of morality in maledominated patriarchal society. Tess deserves the like resume reputation of ‘the best tragedy’ the highest tragedy’, which is paperscomputer defined by the author. In the look worldly view, Tess is science a ‘fallen’ woman; however, she is essentially pure and naturally unstained. Tess is a pure woman as Hardy’s subtitle describes. Tess is tragic but pure.’ ‘You ask why Tess should have gone with Clare and ‘live happily ever after.’ Do you not see under any circumstance that they were doomed to unhappiness?

A sensitive man like Angel Clare could never have been happy with her. After the first few months he would inevitably have thrown her failings in her face. An Evening Essay! He did not recoil from her after the science murder is essay true. Science! He was in love with her failings then I suppose; he had not seen her for writing essays, a long time; with the inconsistency of human nature he forgave the greater sin when he could not pardon the lesser.’ Tess had a tragic fate. All she ever wanted was little happiness, to love and to be loved. Thomas Hardy describes her as a romantic character, with no social aspirations but with a great desire of spiritual fulfillment. She is to a great extent an ignorant human being who will learn that life means injustice, sufferance, male dominance centered on the ‘double moral standard’ of sexuality applied to man and woman in the Victorian age.

The heroine’s indecisiveness, her frequent failures to mantain her resolve, condemn her to death. For example, when Tess is watching the peasants of Tantridge dance, she is offered a walk home from Alec but refuses, a decision she will review later. Because she is raped by science Alec, Tess swears she may never marry, confessing the dairymaids she won’t accept Angel’s proposal ‘as I should refuse any man’ , but she marries Angel. When Alec offers to make her his wife she refuse the proposal, before consenting to toefl grading become his mistress. Tess’ final uncertain decision is research paperscomputer related to film essays Angel Clare: when he comes to take her home with him the girl immediately refuse and advice him to ‘keep away’ because is ‘Too late! Too late!’ but, in the end, she murders Alec and research paperscomputer science, runs to embrace her husband. Mla Bibliography Essay! Tess can’t keep her promises and every time she does not truly mean what she says. Bibliography Chapter Two.

1. Blathway, Taymond, A Chat with the research paperscomputer Author of Tess, Black and White, IV. Of Heroism! Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Casagrande, P., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles unorthodox beauty’, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in paperscomputer, Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 4. Mla Bibliography Essay! Ertu??rul, Ko. ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existence’, Journals of Arts and research paperscomputer science, Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya. 5. Freeman, J., Studies in an evening, Philology, 1982 University of paperscomputer North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 6. Hardy, T., Tess of the D’Urbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by essay Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 7. Science! Holmberg, Mona, ‘Tess, a victim of her society’, in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Lulea University of mla bibliography Technology, Department of Language and Culture, 2003. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 9. Rogers, Katharine, The Centennial Review, Vol 19, No.

4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 10. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in paperscomputer science, Victorian patriarchal society’, society RAPE OR SEDUCTION? Was Tess raped or lied and seduced? Is Angel an ‘angel”?Hardy’s odyssey with Tess had involved five different namings: Love, Cis, Sue, Rose-Mary, and Tess. The various overwritings and textual layerings in the manuscript testify to the indecision and ap language and composition, lack of single-minded vision in the author. Research Paperscomputer Science! Equally, the overlaid bowdlerizations testify to media or editorial censorship not only of Tess’s sexuality but also of the like controversial issues of illegitimacy and private baptism.’ Tess is a complex character who has an evolutional destiny from her growth to womanhood. Research Paperscomputer! She develops over time and and composition, according to chance, events, fate, intelligence, risk taking and becomes an example of adaptation.

Tess is the object of Alec d’Uberville’s shameful purposes. He uses all the methods to seduce the innocent and naive girl: he compliments her excessively, he helps her family in order to win her appreciation, and the man is annoyed when Tess nonetheless continues to reject him. And because Alec knows very well how to manipulate people around him he succeds to make the poor and ignorant Tess feel unsure about what’s wrong and what’s right. The heroine has deep rooted moral precepts in her poor education. Even though she has little school instruction, she knows that is very important to remain poor and chaste in research science, order to be accepted in analysis essays, a society ruled by males. And the research paperscomputer girl succeeds to achieve this objective until one fatal night when, through Alec’s stratagem, they are lost together in a forest and the man rapes Tess changing her life forever. About this episode of a significant meaning for the entire novel Hardy does not go into detail but rather, he reflects: ‘why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and and composition, practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousand years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of order.’ Tess becomes pregnant by research paperscomputer science Alec in that fatal night and writing essays, her life will be different from now on. ‘Eventually, since Hardy is not one for halfway measures, sorrow turns to violence, and the loss of her virginity leads to Alec’s murder and Tess’s death on the gallows.

Even without knowledge of the dire consequences Alec’s pursuit of Tess had, however, we can judge Alex’s character to paperscomputer be frivolous, insensitive, and selfish. The question here, however, is whether he is also a rapist.’ We do not know what exactly happened under the tree. It is very probably that Alec, while Tess slept, took the opportunity to abuse her. And the fragile girl was unable to essay defend herself because a girl can’t measure her force with a man’s force. But is also possible that, given Tess’ tiredness and paperscomputer, disorientation, he could persuade the poor girl to ap language essay tips agree to have sex with him. Research Science! Alec, possibly, used once more his tricky words he had been using for the past months and succeded to convince Tess that she loved him and ap language essay tips, the scene under the tree was just the expression of that love. ‘This is a question of fact’ insofar as fictional narratives have facts’to which we cannot know the answer. The issue here, however, is research whether it makes any difference. Of Heroism Essay! […] If physical force or the threat of physical force is used to get a woman to research agree to have sex, that is rape. If psychological force is used, can that also be rape”?We define verbal sexual coercion as a woman’s consenting to unwanted sexual activity because of a man’s verbal arguments, not including verbal threats of physical force. Men use many types of verbal coercion to obtain sex: threatening to rubric end the relationship or to research find someone else to satisfy their sexual needs; telling a woman that her refusal to have sex was changing the like look way they felt about her; asserting that ‘everybody does it’ or questioning the woman’s sexuality . . . making the woman feel guilty; . . . calling a woman a name angrily and pushing her away when she would not have sex; and threatening to do bodily self-harm.’ Although the young Tess is dependent economically on Alec and has another social position- she is science a country girl without money and with little education- she has resisted his flirting. The girl was honest with Alec telling him she disliked his way of watching her, his advances, the gifts offered to her family, the attention she didn’t require.

She has real moral values and cannot be bought with words or with money. She wants to fall in love with a real gentleman who is able to be patient, to conquer her, in time, with nice gestures and to appreciate and value her. But sometimes she is indecisive in giving an answer to his proposal to treat her as a lover. She says: ‘ I don’t know- I wish-how can I say yes or no when-” . Is that a flirt, an unconsciously encouraging? It tranlates fear caused by his economic and social power or young Tess has feeling for Alec but she is essay tips not aware of them? The writer gives few clues about this situation causing the reader a great confusion. He doesn’t know what to believe about the poor girl, he can’t find her guily for the situation but has doubt about research paperscomputer, her moral integrity. Is she an angel or a seductive and mla bibliography, indecisive woman? Is she in paperscomputer science, love with the ‘bastardly’ womanizer, the man with his crude, full lips, his bold eye and his dark moustache?

The weather conditions work against mystery Tess. Paperscomputer! The fatal night is writing a foggy one. Alec loses his way in such circumstances and research, the moonlights appear only when he returns to Tess who is sleeping, there, in mla bibliography, the wood. Is Tess less rational because she is sleepy and she cannot defend her physical integrity? The reader knows very well Alec’s personality and can drop the sad conclusion that the man took sexual advantage of her. ‘Hardy takes for research, granted that Tess becomes the look resume target of the research paperscomputer science victimization simply because she is ‘still alive’ and ‘of the female sex.’ Alec puts himself into the position of the wild hunter, who waits till everybody stops dancing to walk catch Tess and paperscomputer, seize his power over her. Essay Grading! The following atmosphere resembles the tranquillize state caused by paperscomputer science taking some sleeping pills. Alec with Tess on the same horse passes through the Chase. Tess, feeling tired after the day’s work, quickly disappears in mla bibliography essay, the state of the unconsciousness in the moment when she falls asleep.’ Rather than describe the sexual scene, Thomas Hardy talks about its inevitability, brutality and irrationality : ‘Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissues, sensitive as gossamer and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to paperscomputer receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousands years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of order.’ The meaning of grading this paragraph is crystal clear: sometimes people cannot control the fate.

Some people are born to paperscomputer science suffer, the universe has strange plans for them. They can fight against the destiny but that is a short battle, with no victory. Hardy uses a fatalistic expression to state the way destiny functions: ‘ It was to be!’ but he rejects the writing film idea that children are punished for the mistakes of their ancestors ‘ is scorned by average human nature’. Research! When Tess’s mother presents her daughter the idea about getting Alec to marry her, the heroine is offended: ‘She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by essay his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile, had suddenly despised and disliked him, and had run away. That was all.’ The Victorian society is research paperscomputer science cruel with the girl who can’t do nothing to change her fate and has to film essays face the social rejection. She is seen now as an research, immoral woman, a sinner who must be punished. She seems to be culpable for breaking society’s rules and religion’s conventions. But Hardy doesn’t agree and says: ‘ It was they that were out of writing film analysis essays harmony with the actual world, not she. Walking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on research paperscomputer a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of like look resume Innocence. But all the while, she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism, she was quite in accord.

She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly.’ Throughout the entire book Hardy speaks about the research paperscomputer two types of law: natural versus social/religious. Of Heroism! Natural laws are known as ‘a system of right or justice held to paperscomputer be common to look resume all humans and derived from nature rather than from the rules of society, or positive law.’ ‘Walking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on science a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. But all the while she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism she was quite in accord. She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly.’ According to the natural laws, what happened to Tess is ‘natural’, in synchronism with the nature and shouldn’t be regarded as a mistake which leads to the total social rejection. Hardy associates the social law with convention and focuses on rubric the riguros Victorian sexual convention which he describes as unnatural and oppressive.

According to research the natural laws, Tess is a pure woman. She remain pure because although her body is of heroism blotched, her soul continues to be pure. Paperscomputer! But, is Hardy’s claim valid? If his argument is look valid then Alec cannot be accused of rape because, according to paperscomputer science these natural laws, the man, as an mystery, alpha male, made everything possible to research science preserve his species. In conclusion, Hardy’s argument can’t be valid. Besides the social rejection, Tess’ loss of virginity ‘changed her from mystery essay simple girl to complex woman. Symbols of reflectiveness passed into her face and research paperscomputer, a note of tragedy at times into her voice. Her eyes grew larger and and composition tips, more eloquent. She became what would have been called a fine creature; her aspect was fair and arresting; her souls that of a woman whom the research science turbulent experiences of the last year or two had quite failed to demoralize.

But for the world’s opinion those experiences would have been simply a liberal education.’ The inevitable meeting between Tess and like resume, Alec is predicted from the research science earliest chapters of Phase the First. Hardy gives clues about the imminent encounter using symbols and symbolic events: the colors red and essay, white, the virgins’dance, Alec’s giving Tess strawberries and the death of Prince. This is the author’s way of preparing the reader for the terrible event which will change Tess’ life forver. Hardy describes the moment very carrefully: ‘Tess!’ said d’Urberville. There was no answer.

The obscurity was now so great that he could see absolutely nothing but a pale nebulousness at his feet, which represented the white muslin figure he had left upon the dead leaves. Everything else was blackness alike. D’Urberville stooped; and heard a gentle regular breathing. He knelt, and bent lower, till her breath warmed his face, and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers. She was sleeping soundly, and upon her eyelashes there lingered tears.’ Analysing the description, William A. Davis, Jr. observes that the agression upon Tess begins without any verbal communication between Alec and Tess.

The heroine is asleep and doesn’t give an paperscomputer science, answer to Alec’s accost. ‘The silence ruled everywhere around’ says Hardy. Look Resume! The physical contact is at first kind and caressing ‘her breath warmed his face , and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers’ and this affirmation is followed with the statement that the heroine ‘was sleeping soundly’ . ‘Subsequent descriptive details- the narrator mentions Tess’ absent ‘guardian angel’ , the research paperscomputer ‘coarse pattern’ about to be traced upon Tess, ‘the possibility of a retribution lurking in essay rubric, the present catastrophe’ , and research, the certainty that Tess’ ‘mailed ancestors rollicking home from a fray had dealt the same measure even more ruthlessly towards peasant girls of her time’ – all suggest the violent nature of like Alec assault. To an alert Victorian reader, however, these details would have confirmed rather than introduced the idea of paperscomputer science rape. Ap Language Essay! The rape of Tess actually begins with the passage that describe Tess’ sleep and her lack of verbal response- the passage, in short, that establishes her lack of paperscomputer consent to an evening Alec’s advances.’ ‘Rape is the offence of having unlawful and carnal knowledge of a woman by force, and against her will.’ Mews’ Digest of English Case Law further explains that: ‘to constitute rape, it is not necessary that the connection with the woman should be had against her will; it is sufficient if it is without her consent.’ And also the law specifies that: ‘If the research woman is asleep, when the connection takes place, she is incapable of consent, and although no violence is used, the pisoner may be convicted of rape, if he knew that she was asleep.’ Because Alec does not receive any answer to his address, the reader can say that Tess is not a conscious woman in that crucial moment under the tree. She doesn’t communicate with Alec because she is asleep and the reader can assume that Alec knows that the heroine is rubric sleeping because he hears her breathing and research science, receives no answer to his accost. Hardy intentionally introduces that episode full of signification at the beginning of the woods scene: he tries, in a subtle manner, to essay rubric inoculate to research paperscomputer science his readers the idea that Tess is raped and not seduced. The girl isn’t awake, her consciousness is mla bibliography essay completely or partially lost.

This sleep is crucial for the poor girl because does not allow her to return to her former condition and brings her to a new stage- the girl is obliged to start a new chapter in her poor existence. With the paperscomputer beginning of Phase the Second Hardy gives another signification to the scene under the tree: he seems to replace the idea of rape with the idea of analysis seduction: Tess isn’t any more a victim of Alec’s desire, she is an accomplice in a romantic relationship of several months’ duration. ‘In his personal comments on science the novel, Hardy tended to emphasize the seduction rather than the sexual assault that prededes it. For example, in a letter written in 1891 to toefl essay grading rubric thank Thomas Macquoid for paperscomputer, his praise of the serial Tess, Hardy refers to the seduction (but not the rape) of Tess in the forthcoming volume edition: ?? Clare’s character [in the serial] suffers owing to a mock mariage having been substituted for the seduction pure #038; simple of the original MS.- which I did for essay, the sake of the Young Girl. The true reading will be restored in the volumes. Thus, Hardy saw seduction as a major part of the true reading of Tess.’ Why does Thomas Hardy offer few details about the scene under the tree? The reader cannot tell for sure the reason why , but he can draw the conclusion that this is an artifice of writing used by the author to maintain his readers’ curiosity about Tess’ sexuality and purity. In his readers’ mind will be a fight between two thoughts: Tess is an innocent young girl raped by a beast; Tess is not a pure girl, she fell in paperscomputer, love with Alec, had a sexual relationship with the man and deserves everything that happened to her. ‘As I have suggested, Hardy’s writing (and rewriting) of the first of these events- the toefl grading assault upon paperscomputer science, Tess in Phase the First- grew out of mystery of heroism essay his knowledge of English rape law. The legal premise that a sleeping woman is incapable of consenting to sexual intercourse was routinely upheld in Victorian courts. Research! A sleeping woman’s purity- purity in the sense that she cannot consent to a sexual relationship and her will cannot be known- is beyond question in the eyes of the law; therefore Hardy turns his attention from rape to seduction and to the more complicated question of Tess’ purity as an mystery, apparently consenting woman.’ Alec is a dishonest character, he knows how to manipulate Tess, to play with her mind. When the research science girl discover that they are lost in the forest she says: ‘ How can you be so treacherous?….just when I’ve been putting such trust in you’ . Before Alec goes to try to find a way of walk essay leaving the wood, he makes ‘a sort of couch or nest for her’ with dead leaves, checking that they are dry.

He also tells the research paperscomputer girl that he has bought a new horse for her father and her siblings have now toys to play with. Alec covers her ‘tenderly’ with his coat and goes to find the way. What can the reader notice now is the fact that the entire forest is wrapped in fog. The fog has a deep signification in this episode and essay, translate the fact that Tess is paperscomputer science absorbed into the natural environment. Fog symbolizes confusion, danger, and the unseen. But here, in the phase two, Maiden no more, the reader can find important clues about the seduction and not the rape of Tess. The heroine admits that ‘her eyes were a little dazed’ by Alec and that the tragic event was a moment of vulnerability. Writing Film! And this is the research paperscomputer first sign that Tess agreed to be involved in a sexual relationship. She accuses Alec for seducing her and not for an sexual assault. Writing about Tess’s drama, Ellen Rooney says that if the reader has no declaration about truth from Tess herself, he cannot precisely say whether or not she is sexual assaulted or seduced. An Evening Walk Essay! But even though Tess never tells her story entirely, the reader has her thoughts on what she lived with Alec: ‘She had never wholly cared for him, she did not care for him now.

She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to science adroit advantages he took of mystery of heroism her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile: had suddenly despised and disliked him, and had run away. That was all. Hate him she did not quite; but he was dust and ashes to her, and even for her name’s sake she scarcely wished to marry him.’ ‘Temporarily blinded by his ardent manners’ the research paperscomputer heroine’had been stirred to ap language and composition essay confused surrender awhile.’ From Tess’ declaration the reader can draw the conclusion that for paperscomputer science, a little period of time the girl was superficially attracted to toefl rubric Alec and sexually stirred by him. She never ‘wholly’ loved the man and this is science a strong reason to believe that the heroine could not have consented to have sexual relations with him. When leaving Alec’s house Tess confesses that she now ‘loathe (s) and hate (s) herself for (her) weakness’. But why the girl hates herself and blames her for her weakness if she was raped and not seduced? Why doesn’t she hate Alec for his cruelty? When Tess says that she ‘succumbed to adroit advantages Alec took of her helplessness’ , William Davis argues that she refers to the sexual assault of her while she slept. Because a sleeping woman cannot consent to like resume sexual relation, under the paperscomputer science Victorian Law this was rape. And surely Thomas Hardy knew about resume, this law and wrote this scene under the influence of science such law. To conform Hardy’s intentions to toefl rubric Victorian law on rape, Davis argues that what the author calls ‘seduction pure #038; simple’ was rape followed by paperscomputer science seduction.

Thomas Hardy does not offer much information about the tragic event from that night but he argues that his heroine was very tired that night: ‘She was inexpressibly weary. She had risen at five o’clock every morning of mla bibliography that week, had been on foot the whole of each day, and on this evening had, in addition, walked the three miles to Chaseborough, waited three hours for her neighbours without eating or drinking, her impatience to start them preventing either; she had then walked a mile of the way home, and research science, had undergone the of heroism essay excitement of the quarrel, till, with the slow progress of their steed, it was now nearly one o’clock. Paperscomputer Science! Only once, however, was she overcome by actual drowsiness. Toefl! In that moment of oblivion her head sank gently against him.’ Tess of D’Urberville felt offended when Alec tried to research paperscomputer science take her in his arms. The girl knows that she is not safe, alone, with this man in the woods but she can do nothing to change this situation: ‘D’Urberville stopped the like horse, withdrew his feet from the stirrups, turned sideways on the saddle, and enclosed her waist with his arm to support her. This immediately put her on the defensive, and with one of those sudden impulses of reprisal to which she was liable she gave him a little push from her. In his ticklish position he nearly lost his balance and only just avoided rolling over into the road, the horse, though a powerful one, being fortunately the quietest he rode.’ Alec D’Urbervilles, the paperscomputer science master of of heroism essay tricks, embraces Tess although he knows very well that the girl has no feeling for him.

He isn’t dissapointed that Tess doesn’t love him because Alec doesn’t look for love, he wants to take Tess’ virginity. ‘He settled the matter by research science clasping his arm round her as he desired’ and Tess expressed no further negative. Thus they sidled slowly onward till it struck her they had been advancing for an unconscionable time’ far longer than was usually occupied by the short journey from Chaseborough, even at an evening this walking pace, and that they were no longer on hard road, but in paperscomputer science, a mere trackway.’ After Tess’s fall Hardy asks himself: ‘But, might some say, where was Tess’s guardian angel? where was the Providence of her simple faith? Perhaps, like that other god of mla bibliography whom the ironical Tishbite spoke, he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was in a journey, or he was sleeping and not to be awaked. Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man […]’ Due to Tess’s first fall, her sexual experience with Alec, the girl is seen as a fallen woman who must be despised and discredited wherever she goes. When she comes back to Marlott she is gossiped and indirect attacked. In the paperscomputer science church ‘the people who had turned their heads turned them again as the service proceeded; and at last observing her they whispered to toefl essay each other.’ She knows what the people were talking about and feels so hurt that she takes the decision she won’t go to church anymore. Paperscomputer! Working in her village, on a field, to earn her living Tess still cannot escape from the rumor about her sexual relation with Alec and her child is the real proof of toefl essay that sin.

She is really unhappy in paperscomputer, her village and thinks ‘she might be happy in tips, some nook which had no memories. To escape the past and all that appertained thereto was to annihilate it; and to do that she would have to get away.’ Under the great social pressure Tess is forced to leave her house and to try to research paperscomputer start a new life somewhere else. She resembles with the rabbits, hares, rats, mice and snakes ‘retreating inwards as into a fastness, unaware of the ephemeral nature of their refuge and of heroism, of the doom that awaited them later.’ ‘She cannot escape the censure and science, condemnation, which company her like her own shadow. Mla Bibliography Essay! She is hunted everywhere. Hardy’s poem, Tess’s Lament vividly portrays the dilemma Tess is plunged in. I would that folk forgot me quite, Forgot me quite!

I would that I could shrink from sight, And no more see the sun. Would it were time to say farewell, To claim my nook, to need my knell, Time for them all to stand and tell.

When Tess meets Angel Clare the heroine has a certain sexual experience. The love story lived with Angel, the love confessions they make to each other, the certainty in Angel’s confessions, all these good things in research paperscomputer, her life determine Tess to toefl accept Angel’s proposal without a better prudence and understanding of the facts. The heroine proved that she is capable of sustaining herself, she is fearless and self-determined. Science! She can live without being married, she can feed herself just with love and he can live respectiong only the natural laws. ‘Culture alone insists on marriage just as society insists on mla bibliography essay virginity and the church insists on the subordination of the research paperscomputer science woman in grading rubric, matrimony.’ In the bridal night, when Angel confesses his sins Tess has an innocent belief that she will be forgiven. She also has a dishonorable past but she is willing to forgive the man she loves and to live free in a happily marriage. Her mother does not agree with her decision of confessing Angel his past because she is a woman with experience and knows that in a society dominated by men, in a patriarchal society she will be found guilty. ‘Despite her obsessive fear of Angel’s learning her history, Tess is science unrealistically unable to predict his response when he does’improbably na??ve in her jubilation that her transgression is ‘just the writing analysis same’ as his’. Research Paperscomputer! She will not use sex to win Angel over during their honeymoon, although the essay narrator tells us that it might have worked.’ Garson tries to research paperscomputer determine if Tess is characterized by lack of competence or honesty taken to grading extreme. She decides that Tess could act completely different this action having another end but Hardy does not want a happy end for research, his heroine, he wants to prove that Tess acts having in mind her own moral values and not the society’s. Angel confesses to Tess his sin, his ‘dissipation with a stranger’ and after listening with great attention the girl concludes that her fall is not bigger than Angel’s mistake and he can obtain forgiveness. ‘It can hardly be more serious, dearest,’ says Angel, condescendingly, smilingly. Film Essays! ‘It cannot’O no, it cannot!’ She jumped up joyfully at the hope. ‘No, it cannot be more serious, certainly,’ she cried. ‘I will tell you now.’ She sat down again.

Their hands were still joined. The ashes under the grate were lit by the ‘ re vertically, like a torrid waste. Her imagination beheld a Last Day luridness in this red- coaled glow, which fell on his face and hand, and on science hers, peering into the loose hair about her brow, and ‘ ring the delicate skin underneath. According to Rosemarie Morgan (Student Companion to Thomas Hardy, p.93) in a later version for the 1912 Wessex Edition Hardy writes out Tess’s words. After the mla bibliography essay statement ‘No, it cannot be more serious,’ he adds, ‘because ’tis just the same!’ Saying these words she tries to convince herself and the man she is in love with that she ‘cannot’, ‘cannot’, ‘cannot’ be condemned by him because their situation is ‘just the same’. The repetitions prove that Tess is making a considerable effort to convince Angel and to convince herself that her mistake is not bigger than his. Tess’ belief that Angel will love her and will forgive her sin is expressed in research science, some words of a great innocence: ‘I thought, Angel, that you loved me’me, my very self!

If it is I you do love, O how can it be that you look and speak so? It frightens me! Having begun to love you, I love you forever’in all changes, in all disgraces, because you are yourself. I ask no more. Then how can you, O my own husband, stop loving me’? Angel has annihilated the image of woman he was in love with- ”the woman I have been loving is an evening walk essay not you’ . Tess is scared and terrified; ‘Terror was upon her white face’ and her full and beautiful mouth that once charmed Angel and paperscomputer science, reminded him of ‘roses filled with snow’ is film analysis cursed ‘a round little hole’ ‘Angel, to paperscomputer science a far greater extent than Tess, is formed and shaped by his past. She, with her rebounding spirits, vibrant sexuality and self-determination, had created herself anew, had risen above her past where Angel is still victim of his. Significantly, the fallen woman is rendered dumb, mute, and prone, not by essay the seducer but by research science the lawful husband.’ Thomas Hardy’s heroine is not killed by her past but by the man she is mystery of heroism married to. Research Science! Even though her sin is still alive in her soul, Tess succeeded to forgive herself and to writing start a new life far away from the man who raped her and away from the family that did not succeed to understand her sorrow and to paperscomputer science cure her wounds.

In a men’s world, Tess is just a victim who cannot live in a lie and decides to tell all the truth to the man who convinced her to marry him and who will kill her soul slowly and gently. The heroine is punished because she is a woman in essay grading rubric, a men’s society and is married to a man caught in paperscomputer science, Victorian conventions. How can she be a real human being if the men’s world decides to essay reduce her to an object”?Thus humanity is male and man defines woman not in herself but as relative to him; she is not regarded as an autonomous being’.she is simply what man decrees’.she is defined and differentiated with reference to man and not he with reference to her. She is the incidental, the unessential as opposed to the essential. He is the Subject, he is the Absolute- she is the Other.’ Bibliography Chapter Three.

1. Conly, Sarah, ‘Seduction, rape and coercition’, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of research paperscomputer Chicago Press. 2. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the toefl grading D’Urbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 3. Paperscomputer Science! Davis, W., Thomas Hardy and ap language and composition tips, the law, Legal Presences in Hardy’s Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 4. Garson, M., Hardy’s Fables of paperscomputer Integrity: Woman, Body, Text, Oxford University Press, 1991. 5. Hardy, T., Tess of the D’Urbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 6. Hardy, T., ‘Letter to Thomas Macquoid ‘, 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed.

Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 7. Morgan, R., Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy, Routledge London and writing, New York, 2006. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2007. 9. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ‘Nonviolent sexual coercition’, in paperscomputer, Acquaintance rape, the mla bibliography hidden crime’, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 10. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans.

H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953, p. xiv. 11. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’. Anna Karenina and paperscomputer science, Tess of D’Urberville- a tragic destiny. Anna Karenina is a novel wrote by the russian writer Lev Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877. Since the novel’s publication, Anna Karenina has been seen as ‘every man’s tragedy’ or considered as a Bovarian banality by any masculinist critical view. Iuri Lotman, said: ‘ The plot of Anna Karenina reflects, on essay the one hand a certain narrow object- the life of the heroine…..We can regard the life of the heroine as a reflection of the life of research paperscomputer any woman belonging to film analysis a certain epoch and a certain social milieu, any woman, any person. Otherwise, the tragic vicissitudes of her life would only be of local interest.’ Lotman’s affirmation translates once again the idea that men’s problems are more important than the women’s problems. It’s not quite important that a woman is not happy in her marriage, that she does not feel love and paperscomputer science, affection for the men she lives with, because the most important problems in any society are men’s problems: war, government, etc Once again, also in Anna Karenina as in Tess of D’Urbervilles it can be seen the preoccupation for a society which is dominated by and composition essay tips men, is a patriarchal epoch concerned exclusively with men’s situations.

The question regarding the research paperscomputer science women’s position in society was initially formulated in the Victorian England and essays, later this preoccupation could be also found among the Russian elite after the translation of Mill’s oeuvre, ‘The subjection of research women’ in 1869. The beginning of the nineteenth century did not come with major ideas about women’s condition and toefl essay, life, but it can be seen as a start of reconsidering the role of women in research paperscomputer, a society governed by men and which needs a change. Russian woman’s emancipation had been initially treated in literature- the novels of Ivan Turgenev, the oeuvres of Alexander Druzhinin’s ‘Polinka Saks’ (1847), or the Nikolai Nekrasov’s play, ‘Sasha’. Early Russian writings concerning the idea of oppressed women were influenced by the novels of George Sand, whose feminine characters suffer because cannot be free in choosing the and composition tips man they want to love and to be happy with. Anna Karenina is a very beautiful, noble, married woman from St. Petersburg who lives a life full of bitterness because she is married with a man she does not love and science, she is in love with a young officer. This passion, these strong feelings will be the reason for his exile from the society she belongs to and will bring her death.

Even though Tess of D’Urbervilles is not a rich woman, on the contrary, is a very poor girl with a family that will sign her death conviction- she is sent to claim kin and she is not advised that out there is a big world and of heroism essay, she has to be very careful because men might want to harm her and to take advantages of research paperscomputer her- the both heroines are guided by the same noble feeling and grading, have the genuine belief that a woman can be happy only through love, loving and be loved. The both characters are very beautiful women- Tess is poor but beautiful, she does not have an elitist education but she cannot be seen as a simple peasant girl; Anna Arkadyevna Karenina is a model of beauty and perfection. Science! He has a selective education, she is very intelligent, a big reader of English novels and she also writes books for an evening, children. Anna is very elegant and is considered a perfect woman who can make any man fall in love with her. Her life with a cold and research science, passionless government official taught her to play the role of cultivated, noble, perfect wife. She is also a good hostess and plays all these roles with style and refinement. The tragedy of beautiful women comes from the essay grading fact that they are considered as a trophy every respectable man must obtain.

And if the woman is married then the battle will be more powerful: the competitor will try to paperscomputer conquer someone’s ‘good’ in film, order to prove to himself that he has the real qualities to win, he is better than the husband and paperscomputer science, he can really understand the heroine’s needs for film, love and support. Anna is not a simple aristocratic woman who plays the role of the perfect and happy wife who is still in love with her husband, is only preoccupied with the raise of her children and obeys entirely her husband because he is research paperscomputer science always right. Anna has an ardent spirit and is determinate to live her life on her own terms. ‘All the girls in the world were divided into two classes: one class included all the girls in the world except her, and they had all the usual human feelings and film analysis, were very ordinary girls; while the other class ‘ herself alone- had no weaknesses and was superior to all humanity.’ Tolstoy writes ‘Anna Karenina’ in order to explain the science great changes occurring in like, the Russian society during the late nineteenth century. The novel presents a battle between the old patriarchal values which characterize the old society, the aristocracy and the new, modern values, the paperscomputer West values. The landowning aristocracy believe in traditions like servitude, and autocratic government, while the West brings values like technology, democracy, rationalism. Essay Rubric! This major theme can be seen in paperscomputer, the difficulty Levin has with his workers when he tries to introduce a new way of farming. His peasants refuse to look implement the new technology having the research paperscomputer science strong belief that the traditional Russian way of farming should not be changed. ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’ presents the changes brought in the nineteenth century in the Victorian Age, also the of heroism essay importance of science social class in England and in the same time the complication of defining class in the Victorian England.

A proof for this affirmation is offered by the fact that Durbeyfields are no longer considered in the Victorian Age as a dominant symbol as it would have been in the Middle Ages. Alec’s father, Simon Stokes was able to use his money and to buy a very important, aristocratic name, being another proof that in the Victorian period money are more important than the origin and family history. In the both novels, ‘Anna Karenina’ and ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles the changes brought in the society are presented by the main heroines. Alexei Karenin, the government official with a weak personality is playing the role of an educated and sophisticated man who is capable to forgive his wife for her infidelity and to an evening walk essay offer her the chance at a respectful life despite her adventure with the young officer. What Karenin does not understand is the power of paperscomputer science love that can make people to choose the writing film analysis essays complicated way and not the simple and known path. Anna Karenina, like Tess, is not just a simple woman, who can leave in conventionalism, she has another perception of science live and she wants to love, to be appreciated as a special woman and like look resume, not just as wife and mother.

She craves for a life of ardent emotion and research science, noble passions. Karenin’s entire life is characterized by formalism, he knows which his duties are and he respects the look professional obligations of his function. Research Paperscomputer Science! Alexei is a very good government official because this role defines him and in resume, fact is the ratio of his life- a life without grand passion and excitement. Science! Anna and Karenin have a marriage of convenience. There’s a big age gap between the two characters and also different ways of living and seeing the life and life’s values. Anna craves for sentimental devotion and sincerity while Alexei is happy with the monotonous work and family life. ‘All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way’ is the first line of the Tolstoy’s novel and reveals the fact that the novel is concerned with the happiness, is a declaration for the need of happiness. Is it Anna Karenina happy? Why did the heroine immediately fall in like look resume, love with Vronsky and renounced to research her comfortable and respectful life? Why is a mother ready to sacrifice her child for essay, a man? These are the questions Tolstoy tries to answer and his explanation is that women are capable of great and powerful feelings. Science! They can live in writing film analysis essays, misery but a domestic one, not a sentimental failure; they can have a conventional marriage but will always crave for the real love and for fervent feelings and when they will meet the love they will be capable of leaving everything for that noble feeling.

Anna Karenina has an research science, unhappy marriage, her husband does not appreciate her as a woman, he can only see the mother Anna and the wife Anna but not the woman Anna who needs love, appreciation, adventure and emotion. Anna is ready to defend her love for Vronsky, she can accept the social rejection, the fact that she will never be respected and essay, she will be seen as a sinful women. But that’s the essence: a woman, who has the courage to love and to openly live with a man that is not her husband, is not captive in a formal arrangement that could have offered her protection and could have been the institutionalization of a lie is what defines a heroine. Tess of research science D’Urberville is and composition tips not an unfaithful married woman, she is just an innocent peasant girl who is convinced that two people that are meant to be together will meet and will live a beautiful love story like in the novels she used to read. She is not a sinful woman because is not her choice to be raped but is considered by the Victorian society as a decadent human being and convicted to the social rejection. ‘Anna, Eustacia, [Vye], Tess [Durbeyfield] or Sue [Bridehead] – what was there in their position that was necessarily tragic? Necessarily painful it was, but they were not at war with God, only with Society. Yet they were all cowed by the mere judgement of research paperscomputer man upon ap language essay tips, them and all the while by their own souls they were right. And the judgement of men killed them, not the judgement of their own souls or the judgement of Ethernal God. Lev Tolstoy chose to research analyze the “woman question” enclosed in a comparison: He puts in opposition Anna’s search for sense in life with that of Levin, the Tolstoy’s other main character. And Tolstoy chose to do something scandalous for his epoch: He converted Anna in an unfaithful woman- a sensitive character. Anna wasn’t miserable because she disobeyed her unbearable, suffocating husband and had to be punished; she was unhappy because she didn’t find, in Tolstoy’s opinion, meaningful love and the life’s signification.

Tolstoy’s belief that true love and happiness could be accomplished only like, through a love marriage means represents the heroine’s drama. Anna finds for a short period of time happiness outside marriage, in Vronsky’s arms but her lack of autonomy and social rejection brought by a forbidden relationship causes her sorrow. Tolstoy puts in research science, opposition Anna’s story with the story of Levin, an open-minded man who succeeded in his search for meaning in life by an evening walk essay choosing a marriage partner he considered his equal rather than his inferior. Tolstoy also presents the hypocrisy that characterizes the research nineteenth society, the essay fact that men could cheat his partners without punishment whereas women could not. He also highlights the research paperscomputer science idea that lots of woman had relationships outside the marriage including discreet women who blames Anna for essay, her actions similar to their own.

The Victorian controversy of paperscomputer science grand importance in ‘Tess of D’Urberville’ is also ‘the Woman question’ or how woman should be seen and what roles they should play in essay, society. Research Paperscomputer! Many writers thought that woman should stay at home and like, work in research science, the house, being unable to learn and to work for ap language and composition, the society. The Victorian women were meant to be ‘an angel in the house’ and also for their husbands and nothing more. If the woman lost her virginity and honour, before marriage, she was convicted to live a life full of shame and sorrow. If the husband was unfaithful, the society won’t blame him for the sexual behaviour. R.G. Christian says: ‘It was people not God who threw Anna under the train’ highlighting the power of the society which can determine the destiny of a human being. Vladimir Nabokov, in his work on research paperscomputer science Russian literature, characterized Anna as ‘a young, handsome, and fundamentally good woman, and a fundamentally doomed woman.’ Nabokov also protects her role as a foreigner of the society she lives in: ‘[Anna] is a woman with a full, compact, important moral nature: everything about her character is significant and striking, and this applied as well to her love.

She cannot limit herself as another character in ap language and composition, the book, Princess Betsy, does, to an undercover affair. Her truthful and passionate nature makes disguise and secrecy impossible.’ Tolstoy makes Anna almost completely a human being of passion and then allows that passion to research kill her. After the heroine meets Vronsky, all of her actions are concerned with keeping a loving relationship with him. Anna is also ready to renounce to her existence in order to feel and to enjoy the full love. Her passion for Vronsky causes a separation between herself and Kitty and also between herself and the domestic sphere.

After the and composition essay tips social rejection also the position of mother is soon denied her, and later she is paperscomputer not enough concerned in developing a relationship with her daughter and make this relationship essential part of her life. Even her outfits limit the toefl essay rubric character. She wears only black clothing expressing the fact that she is in a profound grief and she seems convicted to paperscomputer science die for the fact that she was capable to essay grading renounce to her family for living the love story of her life. Tess of D’Urberville is not a rich, aristocratic girl, on research the contrary, she is essay put under immense pressure by her family to improve their economic position and reputation. She grows in a small village being protected from the influence of an aristocratic society with decadent values. She is a genuine young girl who wants to paperscomputer have a happy marriage, to love and to be loved. She is essay not interested in having a certain social position because she believes in love as a way of being happy. But the society is cruel with the Thomas Hardy’s heroine and science, signs her conviction to dead. Even though she cannot be found guilty because she did not consciously commit a mistake she is blamed by a superficial society which cannot see under the appearances. Anna Karenina is grading rubric found guilty because she had the courage to admit that her marriage is a formal one and she is not happy.

She discovers another Anna when she is with Vronsky and she is very happy. Science! Her guilty is that she refuses to film analysis essays live a love story outside her marriage in a society in which the relationships outside a marriage are accepted and formal alliances are protected. Tess of D’Urberville was found guilty because her family couldn’t protect and defend herself against a world dominated by men and she had the courage to tell Angel that she was raped and he had a little baby. She did not want to paperscomputer marry with Alec, to have a formal marriage because the hypocrisy dominated in the Victorian society did not affect her perception about does a marriage mean. Vronsky is a good looking character, rich, and also a charming man who is as willing as Anna is to renounce to ap language and composition essay tips his social status and professional position for research science, finding the real love.

His involvement in his hospital-building project shows a carrying person who wants to protect the weak people. But the Tolstoy’s work also shows a Vronsky with defects and blames. His strange hair, his mistake in calculating the horse race, his ambitions of military fame these entire characteristics make a Vronsky human and not a romantic character. Anna finds Alexei an exceptional man who could make her very happy and could offer her a completely rescue and a burial into a seductive passion. The heroine is very disappointed when she discovers that Vronsky’s passion is mla bibliography limited and he is just another man and not THE man. The Tolstoy’s choice to give Vronsky the same name as his husband’s suggests that Anna is doomed to research paperscomputer science repeat the failure of like resume her first relationship. ‘Anna had been preparing herself for this meeting, had thought what she would say to him, but she did not succeed in saying anything of it; his passion mastered her. She tried to calm him, to calm herself, but it was too late. His feeling infected her. Her lips trembled so that for a long while she could say nothing.’ Vronsky’s commitment to research Anna seems to decrease in later chapters of Tolstoy’s novel but the reader cannot be convinced that this is the true situation because he finds out about this wane of devotion from like Anna’s confessions which betrays the fear that the man she loves and for science, whom she has sacrificed her marriage and her social position, becoming a mistress, is not any more in love with the heroine. The events related to this episode seem to indicate that Vronsky’s love hasn’t faded: he takes Anna to his country home which is luxurious, elegant, he stays with the heroine and refuses to visit his old friends and even mother, he is still fascinated by ap language her beauty and research paperscomputer, personality. He occasionally misses the old fame and military glory especially when he meets his old comrades but he does not blame Anna for mystery, this situation.

Vronsky accepts Anna’s paranoia and her whims but for Tolstoy’s main character these proves are not enough, are just signs of duty and research paperscomputer, not actions indicating true love. The reader cannot decide is right in this situation because Vronsky’s thoughts are not exposed. Angel Clare is Tess’ Vronsky, the man full of passion who can kidnap the heroine’s present and can project a whole new world outside the mediocrity of an irrational and essay, hypocritical society. When Tess first meets Angel she realizes that she definitely has seen him before, at the May-dance and he did not choose Tess to be his dance partner. Research Science! But because the destiny wants to bring together Tess and Angel and also to determine, Tess’ dead conviction, they meet again at the dairy.

The love the both characters feel for each other is genuine, pure, without being jealous or proud. ‘It was then, as has been said, that she impressed him most deeply. She was no longer the milkmaid, but a visionary essence of woman- a whole sex condensed into one physical form. He called her Artemis, Demeter, and other fanciful names half teasingly, which she did not like because she did not understand them. ‘Call me Tess’, she would say askance; and he did. In this quote from the novel the reader can clearly see that Angel is in love with the image of and composition tips a perfect woman and not exclusively with Tess herself. She is compared with the Greek goddesses and that means that she has to be the ideal of feminine beauty and research, perfection in order to be loved by Angel. Of Heroism! And Tess is not a goddess, she’s a simply peasant young girl who just wants to love and to be loved. In the research science critical essay ‘Why women are oppressed’ Anna Jonasdottir says: ‘Man is analysis essays willing to accept woman as an equal, as a man in skirt, as an angel, a devil, a baby-face, a machine, an instrument, a bosom, a womb, a pair of legs, a servant, an research science, encyclopaedia, an ideal or an obscenity; the only thing he won’t accept her as is essay tips a human being, a real human being of the real sex.’ Angel seems to be a character that wants to be surrounded by angels and can’t accept that human beings have a past, made mistakes, he cannot forgive and forget even though he asks for forgiveness. He is an example of a fallen angel who couldn’t remain pure and also failed in being a good Christian by confessing Tess his sin.

His mistake is also Tess’s mistake but the research science influence of the Victorian society does not allow him to see clearly and to tips only after the longue journey he realizes that ‘the beauty or ugliness of a character lay not only in its achievements, but in its aims and research paperscomputer science, impulses; its true story lay, not among things done, but among thinks willed.’ Tess of D’Urbervilles and Anna share also another pattern-fog, haziness, mystery. Essay! When Tess of research D’Urbervilles is essay rubric raped, the science scene is surrounded by mist and the reader does not exactly knows what to think about this situation: ‘She was silent, and the horse ambled along for a consider- able distance, till a faint luminous fog, which had hung in the hollows all the evening, became general and enveloped them. It seemed to mla bibliography essay hold the moonlight in suspension, rendering it more pervasive than in clear air. Whether on this account, or from absent-mindedness, or from paperscomputer science sleepiness, she did not perceive that they had long ago passed the point at which the lane to Trantridge branched from the highway, and that her conductor had not taken the Trantridge track.’ Anna herself speaks of a certain haze which in associating it with the purity of an evening walk essay first love: “I remember that blue haze, like the haze on the mountains in research science, Switzerland. That haze which envelops everything at that blissful time when childhood is just coming to an end and its huge merry circle narrows to a path which one treads gaily yet with dread into essay, life’s corridor” . . . Research Paperscomputer Science! Kitty smiled … “How did she go through it? How I should like to know the whole romance of her life!” she thought, recalling the unromantic exterior of Anna’s husband.’ The patter appears again when Kitty realizes the visible sympathy between Anna and Vronsky at mla bibliography essay the ball and “a mist spread(s) over her soul” Anna and Tess are two heroines who have lots o resemblances but also dissimilarities.

Tess of D’Urbervilles is an innocent peasant girl who takes care of her family being fascinated with the novels she reads. She is not selfish, she does not to marry with an aristocratic men and to be part of the aristocratic society. Anna is also intelligent, cultivated, simple, honest, and a devoted mother. But the relationship with Vronsky changes her completely. Tess’s downfall is science caused by her lack of education in what concern such a complicated subject for ap language tips, the society she lives in- sexual relationships and it can be said that her trust in men is research paperscomputer determined by reading romantic novels and identifying with their heroines in a specifically sensual and innocent way. Anna, on and composition contrary, is unable to read her novel on her train ride home after flirting with Vronsky. “She was too eager to live herself.

If she read how the heroine of the novel nursed a sick man, she wanted to be moving about a sickroom with noiseless tread herself”. When she discovers, it is to make an instinctual moral perception: ‘The hero of the novel had nearly attained his Englishman’s idea of happiness … and Anna was wishing she could go to the estate with him, when she suddenly felt that he must be feeling ashamed and that she was ashamed for the same reason.’ Anna Karenina and paperscomputer science, Tess D’Urbervilles are honorable women. Even though Anna has a sexual relationship outside her marriage she does not accept Karenin’s proposal when he decides that they can stay into a formal marriage and forget Anna’s infidelity. The heroine is not ashamed that she has a relationship with Vronsky because this relationship represents her entire life-love, fantasy, eternity, nobles. ‘Alexey Alexandrovitch! What is it you want of me”?I want you not to meet that man here, and to conduct yourself so that neither the world nor the essay servants can reproach you…not to research science see him. Film Analysis! That’s not much, I think. And in research, return you will enjoy all the privileges of a faithful wife without fulfilling her duties. That’s all I have to say to like you. Now it’s time for me to go. I’m not dining at home.’ He got up and research, moved towards the door. Anna got up too.

Bowing in mla bibliography, silence, he let her pass before him.’ Tess of D’Urbervilles also refuses Alec’s proposal to be his mistress because she cannot have a relationship with a man she is not in love with, a man who harmed her. ‘Very well,’ he said, laughing; ‘I am sorry to wound you. I did wrong’I admit it.’ He dropped into some little bitterness as he continued: ‘Only you needn’t be so everlastingly flinging it in my face. Research Science! I am ready to pay to the uttermost farthing. You know you need not work in the fields or the like dairies again. Research Paperscomputer Science! You know you may clothe yourself with the best, instead of in the bald plain way you have lately affected, as if you couldn’t get a ribbon more than you earn.’ ‘I have said I will not take anything more from you, and I will not’I cannot! I SHOULD be your creature to go on doing that, and I won’t.’

Bibliography Chapter four. 1. Ap Language And Composition Tips! Hardy, T., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 2. Jonasdotti, A., ‘Why women are oppressed’, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994. 3. Research Paperscomputer! Lotman, Iuri, ‘The structure of the artistic text’, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 4. Mandelker, A., ‘Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question, and the Victorian novel’, The theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio State University Press, 1993. 5. Nabocov, V. ‘Lectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981.

6. R.G. Christian, ‘Tolstoy: An Introduction’, Cambridge 1969. 7. Tolstoy, L. ‘Anna Karenina’, translated by Louise Shanks #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. In the Victorian age, women were seen through men’s eyes. They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the writing analysis haven, in research paperscomputer, which men found love from their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. They were ‘angels in mystery, the house’, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and children. They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. 1. Blathway, Taymond, ‘A Chat with the Author of Tess, Black and White, IV’.

Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Research Paperscomputer! Casagrande, P., ‘Tess of the like look D’Urbervilles unorthodox beauty’, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Conly, Sarah, ‘Seduction, rape and coercition’, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of paperscomputer science Chicago Press. 4. Toefl Essay! Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 5. Davis, W., ‘Thomas Hardy and research, the law’, Legal Presences in Hardy’s Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 6. Ertu??rul, Ko. ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles, the mystery of heroism essay tragedy of paperscomputer science a Godless human existence’, Journals of Arts and Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya.

7. Freeman, J., ‘Studies in Philology’, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 8. Like Resume! Garson, M., Hardy’s Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text’, Oxford University Press, 1991. 9. Hardy, T., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by paperscomputer Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 10. Hardy, T., ‘Letter to Thomas Macquoid ‘, 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of walk Thomas Hardy, ed. Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 11. Harvey, G., ‘The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy’, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 12. Paperscomputer! Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ‘Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925’, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997.

13. Holmberg, Mona, ‘Tess, a victim of her society’, in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the an evening walk D’Urbervilles’, Lulea University of Technology, Department of Language and research, Culture, 2003. 14. Jennings, A., ‘Stranger than Fiction. Life and Literature in toefl, the Late Victorian Age’, Black Cat Publishing, 2001. 15. Jonasdotti, A., ‘Why women are oppressed’, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994.

16. Paperscomputer! Kent, Susan.’Sex and writing film analysis essays, Suffrage in paperscomputer, Britain 1860-1914?. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 17. Essay Grading! Lotman, I. ‘The structure of the artistic text’, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 18.

Mandelker, A., ‘Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question and the Victorian novel’The theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio, State University Press, 1993. 19. Science! Matthew, A., ‘The Forsaken Merman’ in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 20. Millgate, M., ‘Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist’, London: Macmillan, 1994.

21. Mitchell, S.,’Daily Life in look resume, Victorian England’, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 22. Morgan, R., ‘Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy,’ Routledge London and New York, 2006. 23. Morgan, R., ‘Student companion to research paperscomputer science Thomas Hardy’, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 24. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ‘Nonviolent sexual coercition’, in Acquaintance rape, the hidden crime’, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 25. Nabokov, V. ‘Lectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981. 26.

R. G. Christian, ‘Tolstoy: An Introduction’, Cambridge, 1969. 27. Rogers, Katharine, ‘The Centennial Review’, Vol 19, No. Film! 4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 28. Simone de Beauvoir, ‘The Second Sex,’ trans.

H. N. Paperscomputer! Parshley, New York, 1953. 29. Tolstoy, L. ‘Anna Karenina’, translation by Louise Shanks Maude #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. 30. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in film analysis, Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and research science, male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’, society 31. Wojtczak, H., ‘Women of Victorian Sussex’, Hastings Press, 2003. Search our thousands of essays:

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