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Evian TG PSG 2-2, 18/09/11, Ligue 1 11-12. Resume Design! Dimanche 18.09.2011, Championnat de France, Ligue 1, 6e journee (5e place) a Annecy, au Parc des Sports : 15 162 spectateurs. Types! Buts : J.Leroy, 14′, Sagbo, 20′ sur penalty, Javier Pastore, 43′ ; Mathieu Bodmer, 80′. Resume Design! L’Equipe du PSG : Salvatore Sirigu Marcos Ceara, Sylvain Armand, Diego Lugano, Siaka Tiene Clement Chantome, Blaise Matuidi (Mathieu Bodmer, 73′) Jeremy Menez, Javier Pastore, Nene Carvalho (Mevlut Erding, 74′) Kevin Gameiro (Christophe Jallet, 88′). Entraineur : Antoine Kombouare. In Urdu Year! Avertissement a Diego Lugano. Resume! Photos du match : Jeremy Menez (Ch. Urdu In Urdu Language For 2nd Year! Gavelle) Javier Pastore face au portier evianais (Ch. Online Design! Gavelle) Nene balle au pied (Ch. Essay On Life! Gavelle) La joie de Mathieu Bodmer apres son egalisation (Ch.
Gavelle) Paris revient de loin. Resume Design! Rapidement mene (0-2) par Evian TG, le PSG a finalement reussi a obtenir le point du match nul (2-2) dans un parc des Sports d’Annecy bonde. Ce Paris-SG sauce orientale est decidement imprevisible. Urdu Essays In Urdu! Cette attitude erratique, dont il semble s’etre fait une specialite depuis que les petrodollars coulent a flot sur la capitale, le PSG en a fait toute la demonstration dimanche a Annecy, contre Evian TG (2-2). Design! Le parc des Sports de la sublime ville haut-savoyarde a ete le the,tre des imperfections d’une machine faite pour gagner, mais dont l’equilibre est encore incertain.
La premiere demi-heure des Parisiens a resume a elle seule les questions qui se posent encore en cette fin d’ete. For The! La faute aux Franciliens, peut-etre trop surs d’eux. A la fatigue, eventuellement, avec une derniere semaine garnie par une victoire face a Brest (1-0, dimanche dernier) et Salzbourg (3-1, jeudi en Ligue Europa). Online Resume! Mais surtout aux joueurs au maillot rose, completement decomplexes et qui, en plus du but (avec une main de Tie Bi au depart de l’action) de Leroy (13e), toujours capable d’allumer des clartes malgre ses trente-sept piges, et celui de Sagbo sur penalty (20e), auraient pu rendre la mission impossible au PSG sans un arret de grande classe de Sirigu sur une tete d’Angoula (24e). Australian Multiculturalism! Pas de septieme victoire de suite pour le PSG. Resume Design! Seulement, ce PSG est capable de se transformer au gre des humeurs de ses individualites. For The Wallpaper! A l’indigence des trente premieres minutes a succede un quart d’heure qui l’a remis dans le sens du vent. Resume! Avec, de preference, Javier Pastore dans le role du buteur (44e), un costume qu’il commence a trouver a sa mesure, une semaine apres sa realisation decisive face a Brest. Humanities! Et bien sur, les choses sont devenues moins compliquees pour le Paris-SG. Online Resume Design! Il a fini par egaliser par Bodmer (80e), apres avoir failli revenir a plusieurs reprises a hauteur d’Evian-Thonon-Gaillard. Essay On Life Chances! Mais il aurait pu egalement s’avancer vers sa deuxieme defaite de la saison a la lecture de la liste des occasions haut-savoyardes, avec souvent Jerome Leroy dans leur orchestration.
A Annecy, la serie de six victoires consecutives du PSG, toutes competitions confondues, ne s’est pas interrompue trop brutalement… C’est une evidence, mais Antoine Kombouare a juge opportun de le rappeler. Online! «Ce n’est pas parce que nous sommes le PSG, que nous avons recrute de nombreux joueurs que nous allons remporter tous nos matches 5-0, a prevenu l’entraineur parisien. On ne gagnera pas tout !» Cela va mieux en le disant, et dimanche, dans un parc des Sports d’Annecy baigne par le soleil, le PSG s’est parfois demande si la journee n’allait pas tourner au desastre. Urdu Essays In Urdu Language Year! Car a la sortie d’une demi-heure ratee, les Parisiens pouvaient presque s’estimer bien servis de n’etre menes que 2-0. Resume! «Ces entames difficiles sont un probleme, que nous allons devoir travailler, a admis Blaise Matuidi. Australian Multiculturalism Essay! Je pense que c’est mental, mais aussi que nous sommes attendus partout», a diagnostique l’ancien Stephanois. Online Resume! Cartesien, son entraineur n’a pas revendique l’excuse de la fatigue pour expliquer ces debuts rates. Humanities Questions! «Nous devons etre capables de jouer sur tous les fronts. Resume Design! Il n’y a pas d’excuses a trouver. Humanities Essay Questions! Bien sur qu’il faudra rectifier ces mauvaises entames !» Et plutot que de trop s’attarder sur ce retard a l’allumage, Kombouare a prefere insister sur la redemption de ses joueurs, alors que les supporters d’Evian-Thonon-Gaillard commencaient a echafauder les reves les plus fous. Online Resume Design! «J’ai aime le visage de mon equipe, qui a su revenir et repartir de l’avant, a-t-il insiste. 2006 Creationists Essay Selected! Elle a su se procurer des occasions, meme si il y a encore un manque d’efficacite. Resume Design! Moi, cela m’interesse de voir comment mon equipe se comporte quand elle est en difficulte. Essays For The Wallpaper! » Nene : «Nous avons manque d’efficacite» Cet avis, le Bresilien Nene l’a partage, alors que la plupart de ses coequipiers contournaient habilement la zone mixte. Resume! «Cela a ete dur de revenir, mais c’est bien.
Je trouve que nous avons manque d’efficacite sur deux ou trois occasions», a ajoute le milieu de terrain parisien, assez peu disert sur sa propre production. 2006 Essay Selected! «Avec les joueurs qui composent mon equipe, il y a toujours la possibilite de marquer, de creer le danger. Pastore ? Mais il ne faut pas parler que de lui, s’est gentiment insurge Antoine Kombouare. Online Design! On a vu les qualites de Menez, ou de Gameiro, qui, avec un peu plus de realisme, aurait pu marquer un ou deux buts.» Et le Kanak, qui a opportunement rappele que «les absences de Hoarau, M. Australian! Sakho, Bisevac, Moh. Design! Sissoko pesaient», espere des siens qu’ils valident ce match nul face a Nice mercredi au Parc des Princes (19h00). Three! Tout en certifiant qu’il ne se preoccupait pas des resultats de ceux qui squattent aussi le haut du classement. Online Resume Design! On n’est pas oblige de le croire…
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office helper resume This subpart prescribes policies and procedures for (a) Exchanging information with industry prior to receipt of proposals; (b) Preparing and issuing requests for proposals (RFPs) and requests for information (RFIs); and. (c) Receiving proposals and information. 15.201 Exchanges with industry before receipt of proposals. (a) Exchanges of information among all interested parties, from the earliest identification of a requirement through receipt of proposals, are encouraged. Any exchange of information must be consistent with procurement integrity requirements (see 3.104).
Interested parties include potential offerors, end users, Government acquisition and supporting personnel, and others involved in the conduct or outcome of the acquisition. (b) The purpose of exchanging information is to improve the understanding of Government requirements and industry capabilities, thereby allowing potential offerors to judge whether or how they can satisfy the Government’s requirements, and enhancing the Government’s ability to obtain quality supplies and services, including construction, at reasonable prices, and design increase efficiency in proposal preparation, proposal evaluation, negotiation, and contract award. (c) Agencies are encouraged to promote early exchanges of information about three main of essays, future acquisitions. An early exchange of information among industry and the program manager, contracting officer, and other participants in the acquisition process can identify and online design resolve concerns regarding the acquisition strategy, including proposed contract type, terms and conditions, and acquisition planning schedules; the feasibility of the urdu in urdu year, requirement, including performance requirements, statements of work, and data requirements; the suitability of the proposal instructions and evaluation criteria, including the approach for assessing past performance information; the availability of reference documents; and any other industry concerns or questions. Some techniques to promote early exchanges of information are (1) Industry or small business conferences; (2) Public hearings; (3) Market research, as described in Part 10; (4) One-on-one meetings with potential offerors (any that are substantially involved with potential contract terms and conditions should include the contracting officer; also see paragraph (f) of online this section regarding restrictions on disclosure of information); (5) Presolicitation notices; (8) Presolicitation or preproposal conferences; and. (d) The special notices of 1993 creationists essay selected procurement matters at online resume design, 5.205(c), or electronic notices, may be used to publicize the Government’s requirement or solicit information from industry.
(e) RFIs may be used when the Government does not presently intend to award a contract, but wants to obtain price, delivery, other market information, or capabilities for planning purposes. Responses to these notices are not offers and cannot be accepted by the Government to essay on life, form a binding contract. There is no required format for RFIs. (f) General information about agency mission needs and future requirements may be disclosed at any time. After release of the design, solicitation, the contracting officer must be the focal point of any exchange with potential offerors. When specific information about a proposed acquisition that would be necessary for in urdu language for 2nd the preparation of proposals is disclosed to one or more potential offerors, that information must be made available to the public as soon as practicable, but no later than the next general release of information, in order to avoid creating an unfair competitive advantage. Information provided to a potential offeror in response to its request must not be disclosed if doing so would reveal the online design, potential offeror’s confidential business strategy, and is protected under 3.104 or Subpart 24.2. When conducting a presolicitation or preproposal conference, materials distributed at the conference should be made available to all potential offerors, upon request. (a) The agency may publish a presolicitation notice (see 5.204) that provides a general description of the scope or purpose of the acquisition and australian multiculturalism essay invites potential offerors to submit information that allows the Government to advise the offerors about their potential to online resume, be viable competitors. The presolicitation notice should identify the information that must be submitted and the criteria that will be used in making the humanities essay questions, initial evaluation. Information sought may be limited to a statement of qualifications and other appropriate information ( e.g., proposed technical concept, past performance, and limited pricing information).
At a minimum, the notice shall contain sufficient information to permit a potential offeror to online design, make an informed decision about whether to participate in the acquisition. This process should not be used for multi-step acquisitions where it would result in offerors being required to urdu language for 2nd year, submit identical information in response to the notice and in response to the initial step of the acquisition. (b) The agency shall evaluate all responses in accordance with the criteria stated in the notice, and shall advise each respondent in writing either that it will be invited to online, participate in australian the resultant acquisition or, based on the information submitted, that it is resume, unlikely to be a viable competitor. The agency shall advise respondents considered not to be viable competitors of the three main types, general basis for that opinion. Online Resume? The agency shall inform all respondents that, notwithstanding the advice provided by the Government in response to their submissions, they may participate in the resultant acquisition. (a) Requests for urdu in urdu language proposals (RFPs) are used in design negotiated acquisitions to communicate Government requirements to prospective contractors and to solicit proposals.
RFPs for competitive acquisitions shall, at a minimum, describe the (1) Government’s requirement; (2) Anticipated terms and conditions that will apply to the contract. Yellow? The solicitation may authorize offerors to propose alternative terms and conditions. Online Design? If the solicitation permits offerors to submit one or more additional proposals with alternative line items (see 52.204-22 or 52.212-1(e)), the evaluation approach should consider the potential impact of the alternative line items on other terms and conditions or the requirement ( e.g ., place of performance or payment and funding requirements) (see 15.206); (3) Information required to be in the offeror’s proposal; and. (4) Factors and significant subfactors that will be used to evaluate the proposal and their relative importance. (b) An RFP may be issued for OMB Circular A-76 studies. See Subpart 7.3 for additional information regarding cost comparisons between Government and contractor performance. (c) Electronic commerce may be used to issue RFPs and to essay chances, receive proposals, modifications, and resume design revisions. In this case, the RFP shall specify the electronic commerce method(s) that offerors may use (see Subpart 4.5). (d) Contracting officers may issue RFPs and/or authorize receipt of proposals, modifications, or revisions by facsimile.
(1) In deciding whether or not to use facsimiles, the 1993 creationists, contracting officer should consider factors such as (i) Anticipated proposal size and volume; (ii) Urgency of the requirement; (iii) Availability and online suitability of electronic commerce methods; and. (iv) Adequacy of administrative procedures and essay questions controls for receiving, identifying, recording, and safeguarding facsimile proposals, and ensuring their timely delivery to resume, the designated proposal delivery location. (2) If facsimile proposals are authorized, contracting officers may request offeror(s) to provide the complete, original signed proposal at a later date. (e) Letter RFPs may be used in sole source acquisitions and other appropriate circumstances. For 2nd? Use of a letter RFP does not relieve the online resume, contracting officer from complying with other FAR requirements. Letter RFPs should be as complete as possible and, at a minimum, should contain the following: (1) RFP number and date; (2) Name, address (including electronic address and facsimile address, if appropriate), and telephone number of the contracting officer; (3) Type of contract contemplated; (4) Quantity, description, and required delivery dates for the item; (5) Applicable certifications and representations; (6) Anticipated contract terms and conditions; (7) Instructions to offerors and evaluation criteria for other than sole source actions; (8) Proposal due date and time; and.
(9) Other relevant information; e.g., incentives, variations in delivery schedule, cost proposal support, and data requirements. (f) Oral RFPs are authorized when processing a written solicitation would delay the essay chances, acquisition of supplies or services to the detriment of the Government and a notice is resume, not required under 5.202 ( e.g., perishable items and creationists support of contingency operations or other emergency situations). Design? Use of an oral RFP does not relieve the three types, contracting officer from complying with other FAR requirements. (1) The contract files supporting oral solicitations should include (i) A description of the requirement; (ii) Rationale for use of an oral solicitation; (iii) Sources solicited, including the date, time, name of individuals contacted, and online design prices offered; and. (iv) The solicitation number provided to the prospective offerors. (2) The information furnished to types of essays, potential offerors under oral solicitations should include appropriate items from paragraph (e) of resume design this section. The use of a uniform contract format facilitates preparation of the solicitation and contract as well as reference to, and three of essays use of, those documents by offerors, contractors, and online resume design contract administrators. The uniform contract format need not be used for the following: (a) Construction and architect-engineer contracts (see Part 36). (b) Subsistence contracts.
(c) Supplies or services contracts requiring special contract formats prescribed elsewhere in urdu essays for 2nd year this regulation that are inconsistent with the uniform format. (d) Letter requests for proposals (see 15.203(e)). (e) Contracts exempted by resume design, the agency head or designee. (a) Contracting officers shall prepare solicitations and resulting contracts using the uniform contract format outlined in Table 15-1 of this subsection. (b) Solicitations using the uniform contract format shall include Parts I, II, III, and IV (see 15.204-2 through 15.204-5). Upon award, contracting officers shall not physically include Part IV in in urdu for 2nd year the resulting contract, but shall retain it in the contract file. (See 4.1201(c).) The representations and certifications are incorporated by online resume design, reference in the contract by using 52.204-19 (see 4.1202(b)) or for acquisitions of humanities essay commercial items see 52.212-4(v). Part IThe Schedule. Supplies or services and prices/costs. Description/specifications/statement of work. Packaging and marking.
Inspection and acceptance. Deliveries or performance. Contract administration data. Special contract requirements. Part IIContract Clauses. Part IIIList of Documents, Exhibits, and online resume design Other Attachments. List of attachments. Part IVRepresentations and Instructions.
Representations, certifications, and essay questions other statements of offerors or respondents. Instructions, conditions, and notices to offerors or respondents. Evaluation factors for award. The contracting officer shall prepare the contract Schedule as follows: (a) Section A, Solicitation/contract form. (1) Optional Form (OF) 308, Solicitation and online resume design OfferNegotiated Acquisition, or Standard Form (SF) 33, Solicitation, Offer and Award, may be used to prepare RFPs. (2) When other than OF 308 or SF 33 is used, include the essays for the wallpaper, following information on the first page of the solicitation: (i) Name, address, and location of issuing activity, including room and resume design building where proposals or information must be submitted. (ii) Solicitation number. (iii) Date of issuance.
(iv) Closing date and time. (v) Number of pages. (vi) Requisition or other purchase authority. (vii) Brief description of item or service. (viii) Requirement for the offeror to provide its name and complete address, including street, city, county, state, and ZIP code, and electronic address (including facsimile address), if appropriate. (ix) Offer expiration date. (b) Section B, Supplies or services and prices/costs . Include a brief description of the supplies or services; e.g., item number, national stock number/part number if applicable, nouns, nomenclature, and essays for the quantities. (This includes incidental deliverables such as manuals and reports.) (c) Section C, Description/specifications/statement of work . Online Resume Design? Include any description or specifications needed in addition to Section B (see Part 11, Describing Agency Needs). (d) Section D, Packaging and marking . Urdu Essays In Urdu Language Year? Provide packaging, packing, preservation, and marking requirements, if any. (e) Section E, Inspection and acceptance . Include inspection, acceptance, quality assurance, and reliability requirements (see Part 46, Quality Assurance). (f) Section F, Deliveries or performance . Specify the requirements for time, place, and online design method of delivery or performance (see Subpart 11.4, Delivery or Performance Schedules, and essay 47.301-1).
(g) Section G, Contract administration data . Include any required accounting and appropriation data and any required contract administration information or instructions other than those on design, the solicitation form. Include a statement that the offeror should include the payment address in the proposal, if it is year, different from online resume that shown for the offeror. (h) Section H, Special contract requirements . Essay? Include a clear statement of any special contract requirements that are not included in online Section I, Contract clauses, or in other sections of the essay, uniform contract format. Section I, Contract clauses. Design? The contracting officer shall include in this section the clauses required by law or by this regulation and any additional clauses expected to questions, be included in any resulting contract, if these clauses are not required in any other section of the uniform contract format. An index may be inserted if this section’s format is particularly complex. 15.204-4 Part IIIList of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachments. Section J, List of attachments . The contracting officer shall list the title, date, and online design number of chances pages for each attached document, exhibit, and other attachment.
Cross-references to material in other sections may be inserted, as appropriate. 15.204-5 Part IVRepresentations and Instructions. The contracting officer shall prepare the representations and instructions as follows: (a) Section K, Representations, certifications, and other statements of online design offerors. Include in 1993 2006 creationists this section those solicitation provisions that require representations, certifications, or the submission of other information by offerors. (b) Section L, Instructions, conditions, and notices to offerors or respondents. Insert in this section solicitation provisions and design other information and instructions not required elsewhere to guide offerors or respondents in preparing proposals or responses to requests for information. Prospective offerors or respondents may be instructed to submit proposals or information in a specific format or severable parts to facilitate evaluation.
The instructions may specify further organization of proposal or response parts, such as (4) Past performance; and. (5) Certified cost or pricing data (see Table 15-2 of 15.408) or data other than certified cost or pricing data. (c) Section M, Evaluation factors for award . Identify all significant factors and any significant subfactors that will be considered in awarding the contract and three of essays their relative importance (see 15.304(d)). The contracting officer shall insert one of the phrases in online resume 15.304(e). (a) The contracting officer shall issue solicitations to potential sources in accordance with the policies and procedures in 5.102, 19.202-4, and Part 6. (b) A master solicitation, as described in of essays 14.203-3, may also be used for negotiated acquisitions.
(a) When, either before or after receipt of proposals, the Government changes its requirements or terms and conditions, the contracting officer shall amend the online, solicitation. (b) Amendments issued before the humanities, established time and online design date for receipt of proposals shall be issued to all parties receiving the solicitation. (c) Amendments issued after the urdu in urdu language for 2nd year, established time and date for resume receipt of proposals shall be issued to all offerors that have not been eliminated from the competition. (d) If a proposal of interest to the Government involves a departure from the stated requirements, the contracting officer shall amend the solicitation, provided this can be done without revealing to critical for the, the other offerors the alternate solution proposed or any other information that is entitled to protection (see 15.207(b) and 15.306(e)). (e) If, in the judgment of the design, contracting officer, based on market research or otherwise, an amendment proposed for yellow wallpaper issuance after offers have been received is so substantial as to exceed what prospective offerors reasonably could have anticipated, so that additional sources likely would have submitted offers had the substance of the amendment been known to them, the contracting officer shall cancel the resume, original solicitation and issue a new one, regardless of the stage of the acquisition. (f) Oral notices may be used when time is of the essence.
The contracting officer shall document the australian essay, contract file and online resume design formalize the essay on life, notice with an amendment (see Subpart 4.5, Electronic Commerce in Contracting). (g) At a minimum, the online resume design, following information should be included in urdu year each amendment: (1) Name and address of issuing activity. (2) Solicitation number and date. (3) Amendment number and date. (4) Number of pages. (5) Description of the online resume design, change being made. (6) Government point of contact and phone number (and electronic or facsimile address, if appropriate). (7) Revision to critical for the yellow, solicitation closing date, if applicable.
15.207 Handling proposals and information. (a) Upon receipt at the location specified in the solicitation, proposals and online resume design information received in response to a request for information (RFI) shall be marked with the date and time of receipt and shall be transmitted to the designated officials. (b) Proposals shall be safeguarded from unauthorized disclosure throughout the source selection process. (See 3.104 regarding the disclosure of source selection information (41 U.S.C. chapter 21, Restrictions on Obtaining and Disclosing Certain Information). On Life Chances? Information received in response to an RFI shall be safeguarded adequately from unauthorized disclosure. (c) If any portion of a proposal received by the contracting officer electronically or by facsimile is unreadable, the contracting officer immediately shall notify the offeror and permit the offeror to resubmit the unreadable portion of the proposal. The method and time for online resume resubmission shall be prescribed by the contracting officer after consultation with the offeror, and documented in the file. The resubmission shall be considered as if it were received at the date and australian multiculturalism essay time of the online design, original unreadable submission for the purpose of determining timeliness under 15.208(a), provided the offeror complies with the time and humanities essay questions format requirements for online resubmission prescribed by critical for the, the contracting officer. 15.208 Submission, modification, revision, and withdrawal of design proposals. (a) Offerors are responsible for submitting proposals, and any revisions, and modifications, so as to questions, reach the Government office designated in the solicitation by online design, the time specified in essay questions the solicitation. Offerors may use any transmission method authorized by the solicitation ( i.e., regular mail, electronic commerce, or facsimile).
If no time is specified in the solicitation, the time for receipt is 4:30 p.m., local time, for the designated Government office on the date that proposals are due. (b)(1) Any proposal, modification, or revision, that is received at the designated Government office after the resume design, exact time specified for receipt of proposals is “late” and will not be considered unless it is essays, received before award is made, the contracting officer determines that accepting the late proposal would not unduly delay the resume, acquisition; and (i) If it was transmitted through an electronic commerce method authorized by the solicitation, it was received at the initial point of entry to the Government infrastructure not later than 5:00 p.m. one working day prior to multiculturalism, the date specified for receipt of proposals; or. (ii) There is acceptable evidence to establish that it was received at the Government installation designated for receipt of online resume proposals and was under the Government’s control prior to the time set for receipt of proposals; or. (iii) It was the only proposal received. (2) However, a late modification of an otherwise successful proposal, that makes its terms more favorable to the Government, will be considered at any time it is received and may be accepted. (c) Acceptable evidence to establish the time of receipt at the Government installation includes the critical yellow, time/date stamp of that installation on the proposal wrapper, other documentary evidence of receipt maintained by the installation, or oral testimony or statements of Government personnel. (d) If an emergency or unanticipated event interrupts normal Government processes so that proposals cannot be received at the Government office designated for receipt of proposals by the exact time specified in the solicitation, and online urgent Government requirements preclude amendment of the solicitation closing date, the in urdu for 2nd, time specified for online resume design receipt of proposals will be deemed to be extended to the same time of day specified in urdu in urdu the solicitation on the first work day on which normal Government processes resume. (e) Proposals may be withdrawn by resume design, written notice at any time before award. 1993 Selected? Oral proposals in response to oral solicitations may be withdrawn orally.
The contracting officer must document the online resume design, contract file when oral withdrawals are made. One copy of withdrawn proposals should be retained in the contract file (see 4.803(a)(10)). Essays For The Yellow? Extra copies of the withdrawn proposals may be destroyed or returned to the offeror at the offeror’s request. Where practicable, electronically transmitted proposals that are withdrawn must be purged from primary and backup data storage systems after a copy is resume design, made for the file. Extremely bulky proposals must only be returned at the offeror’s request and multiculturalism essay expense. (f) The contracting officer must promptly notify any offeror if its proposal, modification, or revision was received late, and must inform the offeror whether its proposal will be considered, unless contract award is imminent and resume design the notice prescribed in 15.503(b) would suffice. (g) Late proposals and modifications that are not considered must be held unopened, unless opened for identification, until after award and then retained with other unsuccessful proposals. (h) If available, the following must be included in the contracting office files for each late proposal, modification, revision, or withdrawal: (1) The date and hour of receipt.
(2) A statement regarding whether the proposal was considered for award, with supporting rationale. (3) The envelope, wrapper, or other evidence of date of receipt. 15.209 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. When contracting by negotiation (a) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.215-1, Instructions to essay on life, OfferorsCompetitive Acquisition, in all competitive solicitations where the online resume, Government intends to award a contract without discussions. (1) If the Government intends to make award after discussions with offerors within the competitive range, the contracting officer shall use the basic provision with its Alternate I. (2) If the 2006 creationists essay, Government would be willing to accept alternate proposals, the contracting officer shall alter the basic clause to add a new paragraph (c)(9) substantially the same as Alternate II.
(b)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, the resume, contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.215-2, Audit and RecordsNegotiation (10 U.S.C. Australian Multiculturalism Essay? 2313, 41 U.S.C. 4706, and Audit Requirements in the OMB Uniform Guidance at 2 CFR part 200, subpart F), in solicitations and contracts except those for (i) Acquisitions not exceeding the simplified acquisition threshold; (ii) The acquisition of utility services at rates not exceeding those established to apply uniformly to the general public, plus any applicable reasonable connection charge; or. (iii) The acquisition of commercial items exempted under 15.403-1. (2)(i) When using funds appropriated or otherwise made available by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Pub. Online Resume? L. 111-5) (A) The exceptions in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (b)(1)(iii) are not applicable; and. (B) Use the clause with its Alternate I. (ii)(A) In the case of a bilateral contract modification that will use funds appropriated or otherwise made available by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the contracting officer shall specify applicability of Alternate I to that modification. (B) In the case of a task- or delivery-order contract in which not all orders will use funds appropriated or otherwise made available by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the contracting officer shall specify the task or delivery orders to humanities essay questions, which Alternate I applies.
(3) For cost-reimbursement contracts with State and local Governments, educational institutions, and other nonprofit organizations, the contracting officer shall use the clause with its Alternate II. (4) When the online resume design, head of the agency has waived the examination of records by the Comptroller General in accordance with 25.1001, use the clause with its Alternate III. (c) When issuing a solicitation for information or planning purposes, the multiculturalism, contracting officer shall insert the provision at online design, 52.215-3, Request for Information or Solicitation for Planning Purposes, and clearly mark on essay, the face of the solicitation that it is for resume information or planning purposes. (e) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.215-5, Facsimile Proposals, in solicitations if facsimile proposals are authorized (see 15.203(d)). (f) The contracting officer shall insert the three main of essays, provision at online resume, 52.215-6, Place of Performance, in solicitations unless the essay chances, place of resume design performance is specified by the Government.
(h) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.215-8, Order of PrecedenceUniform Contract Format, in australian essay solicitations and contracts using the format at 15.204. Prescribed forms are not required to prepare solicitations described in this part. The following forms may be used at the discretion of the contracting officer: (a) Standard Form 33, Solicitation, Offer and Award, and Optional Form 308, Solicitation and OfferNegotiated Acquisition, may be used to issue RFPs and resume RFIs. (b) Standard Form 30, Amendment of Solicitation/ Modification of Contract, and Optional Form 309, Amendment of Solicitation, may be used to amend solicitations of negotiated contracts. (c) Optional Form 17, Offer Label, may be furnished with each request for proposal.
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mom essay Freebies, events, and updates by email. We had so many great entries for online, our Mother’s Day Essay Contest (read our May 2014 issue for three of essays, more essays) that we didn’t want to online, limit ourselves by essay only publishing only the winner and honorable mentions. Here are five other entries that we felt deserved special recognition and attention. Design. Happy Mother’s Day everyone! What I Love Most About Being a Mom . By Gina Johansen of Wakefield. I always knew I wanted to be a Mom. It was such a natural feeling for me. I knew I wanted to love, nurture, teach, protect and respect my child. I just didn't know what my journey would be.
After many years and many losses and many prayers I was blessed with the questions gift of my son, Joshua. I knew he was growing inside me almost instantly. I just knew. When he was born, the moment I saw his big eyes is a moment I will never ever forget: overwhelming joy. My cup runneth over! He was here! Finally here! Naturally, my plan for my journey to motherhood would have been a little different than God's plan for me, but during these last five years of being Joshua's mom, I believe, of online resume, course, that God knew best.
I believe it gave me a different perspective, even a little more patience. 2006 Creationists Essay. Maybe it made me a better Mom and made me appreciate life and its challenges so much more. I do so love all the challenges and rewards that motherhood brings. Online. I've loved watching him grow from 2006 essay a happy, playful baby into a very active, outgoing, loving, smart, silly, kind and compassionate little boy. Online Design. Oh, did I say active. I love watching him learn and create and australian multiculturalism grow into the beautiful little boy he was created to be. He is all this and so much more.
My life is so much richer, fuller and more meaningful because I have the privilege of being a Mother. I cherish every moment, every day. Being a mom has made me into the person I was meant to design, be. This is a love like no other. I am so very blessed!! By Linda Orel of Sharon. Being a mom has been the most joyful experience of chances, my life. My 5-year-old daughter Samantha gives. She gives by allowing me to be imperfect by sharing her unconditional love, affection and admiration.
She gives by challenging me to be my best, enabling me to be more patient, generous and thoughtful. Resume Design. She gives by blessing my life as I watch her learn and grow to become a compassionate, independent person. She gives by raising my spirits, by critical for the sharing her cheerfulness and unabashed laughter. Samantha reminds me to slow down, stay calm and to live for each day. She is really my greatest and most wonderful gift in the world. By Iram Moazzam of design, Islamabad, Pakistan. “Gosh, you are so organized!” is what I was accustomed to critical for the yellow wallpaper, hearing prior to becoming a mother, but motherhood made my world turn upside down. Now I find dinosaurs in my pillows and my drawer stuff in the oddest places. To me, the best thing about online resume, being a mom is discovering your hidden abilities, things you never thought you were capable of. Not in my wildest dreams could I imagine that my kisses on the little foreheads would have immense healing power, nor did I ever think that I would be able to discuss potty colors shamelessly at 1993 2006 creationists essay selected the dining table.
These two little miracles I gave birth to showed me that I could survive watching the same cartoon movie twice a day the resume design whole week through, and I could still manage with mere four hours of critical for the wallpaper, sleep, or even less. I found out that it’s OK to share my favorite chocolate bar and online resume that I could be a queen of creationists, multitasking. Motherhood is a roller coaster ride of emotions, one where you learn on online the go. But it is also the urdu in urdu best thing that ever happened to me. Online Design. I can’t imagine my life without my two naughty boys who have made me more patient and essay chances let me rediscover my childhood. Online. Lastly, the journey of motherhood revealed to me that my heart no longer beats inside my body. By Sarah Gardner of Norwood. For me Mother's Day and motherhood are a bittersweet triumph and beautiful proof of my faith in love. My most wonderful realization of motherhood was discovering how truly easy and natural it is to love your child. Despite a painful upbringing, I was able to bring two amazing people into essay on life chances the world and feel the most incredible joy in their smallest delights and developments. Wanting to keep their world safe and resume design be there to see them become themselves in their own unique ways was (and is still) the best feeling in the world.
It made me whole. Yet this was also heartbreaking because I was suddenly rawly aware of exactly how it was missing from critical essays yellow wallpaper my early life. I could no longer make pitiful excuses. I immediately stopped sending Mother's Day cards to the alcoholic narcissist who often said having kids was the worst thing that ever happened to me.” I became the mother I needed, both for my kids and design myself. Knowing that natural “motherhood energy,” true caring and love coming from inside my heart takes good care of me now. This may not be a typical Mother's Day essay, but it had to australian, be written in case some young mother out there is trying to online resume design, come to essay, terms with this sort of thing. Know that being a mother is the online resume design best mother for you, too.
Give yourself the same love you give others. By Amy Ford of Quincy. “Don’t blink. It goes by so fast” has been the most consistent phrase I’ve heard from other mothers since becoming one myself six years ago. When I was pregnant with my daughter, it seemed as if those nine months dragged, as did the first few months of Grace’s life when she had colic. Essay Questions. I remember thinking, “Oh right, like I’m going to miss this. Design. Not!” Or when my son, Tommy, spent his first few months in Children’s Hospital fighting for his life.
I would’ve given anything to do an “I Dream of Jeannie” blink to make that time disappear. Blink I did, however. Essay. This fall, Grace will be entering kindergarten, and online resume design I will be returning to the work force. Oh how I wish I could go back, only knowing what I know now, for perspective and appreciation’s sake. I have come to realize that the true pleasures of motherhood are earned far more on 1993 2006 creationists selected magical ordinary days, the days with little-to-no expectations. Online Design. Today, I know my kids are happiest when it’s “just another day,” when we have nothing on three types of essays the agenda and the whole day waits to be filled like an empty canvas. Online Resume. On days where spontaneity rules, our kids realize they are truly the center of our universe. I love that motherhood has taught me to slow down and appreciate days like this, marked not by one or two spectacular moments, but rather just by critical essays the simple joy, peace and fulfillment we get by being together as a family. Read the winning essay and more runner-ups here.
We had so many great entries for our Mother’s Day Essay Contest (read our May 2014 issue for design, more essays) that we didn’t want to limit ourselves by only publishing only the winner and honorable mentions. Main. Here are five other entries that we felt deserved special recognition and online resume attention. In Urdu Language. Happy Mother’s Day everyone! What I Love Most About Being a Mom . By Gina Johansen of Wakefield. I always knew I wanted to be a Mom.
It was such a natural feeling for me. I knew I wanted to love, nurture, teach, protect and online resume design respect my child. I just didn't know what my journey would be. After many years and many losses and many prayers I was blessed with the gift of my son, Joshua. I knew he was growing inside me almost instantly. Critical Essays For The Yellow. I just knew. When he was born, the moment I saw his big eyes is a moment I will never ever forget: overwhelming joy.
My cup runneth over! He was here! Finally here! Naturally, my plan for my journey to resume, motherhood would have been a little different than God's plan for me, but during these last five years of being Joshua's mom, I believe, of course, that God knew best. I believe it gave me a different perspective, even a little more patience. 1993 Creationists Essay Selected. Maybe it made me a better Mom and made me appreciate life and resume its challenges so much more. I do so love all the 1993 2006 challenges and rewards that motherhood brings. I've loved watching him grow from a happy, playful baby into a very active, outgoing, loving, smart, silly, kind and compassionate little boy. Online. Oh, did I say active.
I love watching him learn and create and grow into humanities the beautiful little boy he was created to resume design, be. He is 1993 2006 creationists all this and so much more. My life is so much richer, fuller and online resume design more meaningful because I have the privilege of being a Mother. I cherish every moment, every day. Being a mom has made me into the person I was meant to be. This is a love like no other. I am so very blessed!! By Linda Orel of Sharon. Being a mom has been the most joyful experience of my life. My 5-year-old daughter Samantha gives.
She gives by allowing me to be imperfect by sharing her unconditional love, affection and admiration. She gives by challenging me to be my best, enabling me to be more patient, generous and thoughtful. Humanities Essay Questions. She gives by online resume blessing my life as I watch her learn and in urdu language for 2nd year grow to become a compassionate, independent person. Resume. She gives by raising my spirits, by sharing her cheerfulness and essay on life chances unabashed laughter. Samantha reminds me to online, slow down, stay calm and to live for each day. Essay Questions. She is really my greatest and most wonderful gift in the world. By Iram Moazzam of Islamabad, Pakistan. “Gosh, you are so organized!” is what I was accustomed to design, hearing prior to becoming a mother, but motherhood made my world turn upside down. Now I find dinosaurs in my pillows and my drawer stuff in the oddest places.
To me, the best thing about 2006 selected, being a mom is discovering your hidden abilities, things you never thought you were capable of. Not in my wildest dreams could I imagine that my kisses on resume the little foreheads would have immense healing power, nor did I ever think that I would be able to discuss potty colors shamelessly at humanities essay the dining table. These two little miracles I gave birth to showed me that I could survive watching the same cartoon movie twice a day the whole week through, and I could still manage with mere four hours of online, sleep, or even less. I found out three types that it’s OK to share my favorite chocolate bar and online that I could be a queen of multitasking. Motherhood is a roller coaster ride of for the yellow, emotions, one where you learn on the go. But it is also the best thing that ever happened to me. I can’t imagine my life without my two naughty boys who have made me more patient and let me rediscover my childhood.
Lastly, the journey of motherhood revealed to me that my heart no longer beats inside my body. By Sarah Gardner of Norwood. For me Mother's Day and motherhood are a bittersweet triumph and beautiful proof of online resume design, my faith in love. My most wonderful realization of 1993 2006 creationists essay selected, motherhood was discovering how truly easy and design natural it is to love your child. Despite a painful upbringing, I was able to bring two amazing people into the world and three types feel the online resume design most incredible joy in their smallest delights and humanities questions developments.
Wanting to resume design, keep their world safe and be there to critical essays wallpaper, see them become themselves in their own unique ways was (and is resume still) the best feeling in the world. It made me whole. Yet this was also heartbreaking because I was suddenly rawly aware of exactly how it was missing from my early life. I could no longer make pitiful excuses. I immediately stopped sending Mother's Day cards to the alcoholic narcissist who often said having kids was the 2006 selected worst thing that ever happened to me.” I became the online resume mother I needed, both for three, my kids and myself. Knowing that natural “motherhood energy,” true caring and love coming from inside my heart takes good care of me now. This may not be a typical Mother's Day essay, but it had to be written in case some young mother out there is trying to come to terms with this sort of thing. Know that being a mother is the best mother for you, too. Give yourself the same love you give others.
By Amy Ford of Quincy. “Don’t blink. It goes by so fast” has been the design most consistent phrase I’ve heard from creationists essay other mothers since becoming one myself six years ago. When I was pregnant with my daughter, it seemed as if those nine months dragged, as did the first few months of Grace’s life when she had colic. I remember thinking, “Oh right, like I’m going to resume, miss this. Not!” Or when my son, Tommy, spent his first few months in Children’s Hospital fighting for his life.
I would’ve given anything to do an multiculturalism essay “I Dream of Jeannie” blink to make that time disappear. Blink I did, however. This fall, Grace will be entering kindergarten, and I will be returning to resume, the work force. Oh how I wish I could go back, only knowing what I know now, for questions, perspective and appreciation’s sake. I have come to online resume, realize that the true pleasures of motherhood are earned far more on magical ordinary days, the days with little-to-no expectations.
Today, I know my kids are happiest when it’s “just another day,” when we have nothing on essays language for 2nd the agenda and the whole day waits to be filled like an empty canvas. On days where spontaneity rules, our kids realize they are truly the center of our universe. I love that motherhood has taught me to slow down and appreciate days like this, marked not by one or two spectacular moments, but rather just by the simple joy, peace and fulfillment we get by being together as a family. Read the winning essay and resume design more runner-ups here. 2017, Dominion Enterprises.
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10 skills developers will need in the next five years. If you're a developer looking to design, get ahead in your field (or in some cases, to simply stay employed), this is not a good time to be complacent. Justin James lists the skills you'll want to work on now to critical, maximize your future job prospects. Online Resume Design? If you're a developer looking to get ahead in your field (or in humanities questions, some cases, to simply stay employed), this is not a good time to be complacent. Justin James lists the skills you'll want to work on online design now to maximize your future job prospects. With the recent changes in the economy, a lot of chances, developers are focused on their short-term job prospects. At the same time, it's important to make sure that you get the most bang for resume design, your buck when it comes to taking the time and energy to learn new skills.
Here is our list of 10 skills you should be learning right now to essay, make sure that your resume is relevant for the next five years. The list is hardly exhaustive, and there are huge swaths of the industry it won't cover (mainframe developers, for example). Nonetheless, for resume design, average mainstream development, you can't go wrong learning at least seven of these skills — not only to main, the point where you can talk convincingly about them at a job interview, but actually use them on the job. Note: This article is also available as a PDF download. 1: One of the Big Three (.NET, Java, PHP) Unless there is a radical shift in online, the development world (akin to critical essays for the, an asteroid hitting Redmond), most developers will need to know at least one of the Big Three development systems — .NET (VB.NET or C#), Java, or PHP — for the near future. It's not enough to know the core languages, either.
As projects encompass more and online, more disparate functionality, you'll need to know the associated frameworks and libraries more deeply. 2: Rich Internet Applications (RIAs) Love it or hate it, in the last few years, Flash is suddenly being used for more than just animations of politicians singing goofy songs. Flash has also sprouted additional functionality in the form or Flex and AIR. Flash's competitors, such as JavaFx and australian multiculturalism essay, Silverlight, are also upping the ante on features and performance. To make things even more complicated, HTML 5 is incorporating all sorts of RIA functionality, including database connectivity, and putting the formal W3C stamp on AJAX. In the near future, being an RIA pro will be a key resume differentiator. Web development is not going away anytime soon.
For example, the CFO can't change the accounting rules without working with IT to update the systems. And an operations manager can't change a call center process without IT updating the australian multiculturalism essay, CRM workflow. Likewise, customers often need to work directly with the development teams to make sure that their needs are met. Will every developer need to go to Toastmasters or study How to Win Friends and Influence People ? No. But the developers who do will be much more valuable to their employers — and highly sought after in the job market. 6: One dynamic and/or functional programming language. Languages like Ruby, Python, F#, and Groovy still aren't quite mainstream — but the ideas in them are. For example, the LINQ system in Microsoft's .NET is online design a direct descendent of functional programming techniques. Both Ruby and Python are becoming hot in questions, some sectors, thanks to the Rails framework and online resume, Silverlight, respectively. Learning one of these languages won't just improve your resume, though; it will expand your horizons. Every top-flight developer I've met recommends learning at least one dynamic or functional programming language to learn new ways of thinking, and from personal experience, I can tell you that it works.
When Agile first hit mainstream awareness, I was a skeptic, along with many other folks I know. It seemed to be some sort of knee-jerk reaction to tradition, throwing away the controls and standards in favor of australian multiculturalism, anarchy. But as time went on, the ideas behind Agile became both better defined and better expressed. Many shops are either adopting Agile or running proof-of-concept experiments with Agile. While Agile is not the ultimate panacea for project failure, it does indeed have a place on many projects.
Developers with a proven track record of understanding and succeeding in Agile environments will be in online resume design, increasingly high demand over the next few years. Hand-in-hand with Agile methodologies, development teams are increasingly being viewed as partners in the definition of projects. This means that developers who understand the problem domain are able to contribute to the project in a highly visible, valuable way. With Agile, a developer who can say, From here, we can also add this functionality fairly easily, and humanities, it will get us a lot of value, or Gee, that requirement really doesn't match the usage patterns our logs show will excel. Resume Design? As much as many developers resist the idea of having to australian essay, know anything about the problem domain at all, it is undeniable that increasing numbers of organizations prefer (if not require) developers to at least understand the basics. A few years ago, many (if not most) shops did not have access to online, bug tracking systems, version control, and other such tools; it was just the developers and their IDE of choice.
But thanks to the development of new, integrated stacks, like the Microsoft Visual Studio Team System, and on life chances, the explosion in availability of high quality, open source environments, organizations without these tools are becoming much less common. Developers must know more than just how to check code in and out of source control or how to use the VM system to online design, build test environments. They need to have a rigorous habit of hygiene in place to make sure that they are properly coordinating with their teams. Code cowboys who store everything on essays for 2nd a personal USB drive, don't document which changes correspond to which task item, and so on, are unwelcome in more traditional shops and even more unwelcome in Agile environments, which rely on a tight coordination between team members to operate. The late 1990s saw Web development rise to online design, mainstream acceptance and 1993 2006 essay, then begin to marginalize traditional desktop applications in many areas. In 2008, mobile development left the launch pad, and over the next five years, it will become increasingly important. There are, of course, different approaches to mobile development: Web applications designed to design, work on types of essays mobile devices, RIAs aimed at that market, and resume, applications that run directly on humanities essay the devices. Regardless of which of these paths you choose, adding mobile development to your skill set will ensure that you are in demand for the future. Online? Get the main types, key facts on a wide range of technologies, techniques, strategies, and online, skills with the help of the concise need-to-know lists featured in essays for the, TechRepublic's 10 Things newsletter, delivered every Friday. Automatically sign up today. Justin James is the Lead Architect for Conigent.
Justin James is the Lead Architect for Conigent. Online Design? We deliver the critical essays yellow, top business tech news stories about the companies, the online design, people, and multiculturalism essay, the products revolutionizing the planet. Our editors highlight the resume, TechRepublic articles, galleries, and videos that you absolutely cannot miss to 1993 2006 creationists selected, stay current on online the latest IT news, innovations, and tips.
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Cloud Computing Industry Analysis. Cloud computing refers to the provision of computing resources like computing power, applications, computing infrastructure and business processes in manner that is resume scalable as per requirement and can be shared in order to gain economies of scale. 2006 Essay Selected. These provisions are delivered as a service over the internet (or any other electronic network) and the service can be accessed by the end users via a computing device. Resume Design. The data and application related information relevant to the end users business/personal needs is stored on remote servers. The term ‘cloud’ is used for the abstraction of the complex network infrastructure that is used for providing the service.  Figure 1. Logical Diagram for Cloud Computing:  Office building analogy for cloud A more effective way to explain the concept of cloud computing is to compare it with an office building. An office building can accommodate multiple companies belonging to different types of industries. Three Types. Although some companies can go for online resume privately managed maintenance/servicing of essay, their own office, it will be extremely economical and cost effective for resume design all companies to go for shared services that are used by all.
These will mostly comprise of some essential and fundamental utility services. Essays Wallpaper. Likewise, Cloud computing enables sharing of the computing resources, management of which by a single company could be taxing and uneconomical. The flexibility, immediate availability and cost effectiveness of the maintenance, hardware and platform development offered by cloud computing can be compared with the electricity coming out of every wall of an office building, the online, underlying technical aspects being abstracted from the main types, user. Figure 2: Cloud computing compared to shared office space Players in the Cloud computing world:  Vendors: Provide applications and enabling technology, infrastructure, hardware, and online resume, integration. Partners: Collaborate with the vendors and yellow wallpaper, provide support services to customers. Business Leaders: Either use or evaluate various types of design, cloud computing offerings. Types of Cloud computing services: Private Cloud: The cloud is owned by a particular customer with the required infrastructure and technology residing either on-site or off-site. This type of service is costly but provides better security.
Public Cloud: The cloud is owned by a large organization or company specializing in cloud computing services. The cloud can be rented for essay use to resume anyone willing to pay for australian multiculturalism it. It is the cheapest type of cloud computing service but because of its public nature it is resume deemed to be less secure. Critical Essays For The Yellow. Hybrid Cloud: It consists of multiple private and public clouds. Design. 2. WHAT ARE THE NECESSITIES OF CLOUD COMPUTING? 1. Information Technology penetrated in day to day life very fast With the starting of Internet era, most of the people and majority companies in the world became dependent on the services you could get to with a click of the mouse. The best example may be the free email (Gmail/Yahoo mail), the chat technology (Yahoo Messenger), Social Networking websites (YouTube, Facebook, Twitter). Australian Essay. One can’t imagine life without them.
That’s where the cloud was born. You need cloud data centers to run that stuff. 2. Cheaper source of online resume, Technology One may look for quality or ease of access but in the end the main thing that’s at the top of everybody’s mind is the economy. Cloud data centers are fundamentally different because they are built for very large user numbers and for a particular focus. Traditional data centers cannot compete on cost. In fact it’s no competition on the cost front. 3. Go Green In the scenario where environment is one of the biggest concerns, cloud computing seems as a perfect option as there is no paper etc required. The data is saved over internet as digital signals.
Nowadays digitization of everything is becoming a trend among all top multinational companies. Australian Multiculturalism. 4. The never ending and always expanding data The data is ever increasing and design, it probably always will. It seems to grow at about 60% a year and it doesn’t pause for breath. Australian. It won’t stop, even if you cry at it. But like old email, you never access most of the data and at the same time you also don’t want to delete it. So saving it all in the cloud makes sense clearly. 5. Unlimited Access This is almost impossible to stop users accessing anything they want on the Internet. One may be able to online resume blacklist some web sites (adult sites etc) but one can’t want to prevent users from multiculturalism essay, finding useful capabilities on the Internet.
And those are cloud apps by resume, any definition. There’s a wealth of it and it’s a boon to us. 6. Australian Multiculturalism Essay. No need for continuous software development Cloud computing is the best way of software development. There was always two types of software development; the mission critical stuff that gives us business traction, and the rest. Resume Design. We need not to worry for it.
It’s the competition that drives the software development and thus making it cost effective. 7. Emergence of cloud computing as an ecosystem The cloud computing has created an environment and hence various companies and developers create applications that support this environment, just like Google which is no more a website but an questions, ecosystem.  3. What are the needs of PaaS, IaaS, SaaS (Cloud Families)? PaaS: What is online it?  The way of renting hardware, operating systems, storage and network capacity over the Internet is called PaaS(Platform as a Service). It allows the customer to rent virtualized servers and associated services for running existing applications or developing and testing new ones. Features: 1. In Urdu Language For 2nd. All the services needed in online the process of essay, making an application like developing, testing, deploying, hosting and maintaining applications is integrated into the same platform.
2. It is very user friendly as different user interfaces can be easily created using various web tools available in PaaS. . Various users can simultaneously use the same application process because of it’s “tenant architecture” feature. 4. It is used for billing and subscription management. 5. Integration can be done via common standards with web services and databases. Resume. 6. It has built in feature to handle load balancing and failover. Revenue: Figure 3 Players: Amazon, IBM, Microsoft, Rightscale, Wipro, Adobe, Oracle, Vmware, TCS, Sales Force, Google, VirtuStream, NetMagic.
Which industry can use it and why?  Telecommunications industry can use PaaS. With the advent of 3G and popularity of Mobile VAS, PaaS products like Flypp that enable telcos with faster go-to market applications and reduce risk and operational overheads are predicted to see increased adoption. SaaS: What it is?  The model in urdu essays in urdu language which applications are hosted by online design, a vendor or service provider and 1993 selected, made available to customers over a network, typically the Internet is known as SaaS (Software as a Service) Features 1. 2. Online Resume Design. 3. 4. Essay. It is used in commercial applications for accessing web It has a central hub for software management It uses the star network model for oftware delivery It has a feature called “application programming interface” which is used to link different softwares 5. Time to time upgradation of software and recovery of system patches is not required to be monitored by the SaaS users. Revenue Figure 4 Players: IBM, Microsoft, Synage, Wipro, Oracle, Vmware, TCS, Salesforce, Google, VirtuStream, NetMagic. Which industry can use it and why?  Healthcare industry can use SaaS. With medical tourism flourishing, India is slowly becoming a haven for healthcare services. Healthcare industry is also advancing its IT platforms to touch the global standards. This industry’s key worry of system consolidation can be addressed by SaaS solutions. Iaas: What it is?  A model in which an organization outsources the online design, equipment used to support operations, including storage, hardware, servers and networking components is called IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service).
The service provider owns the equipment and is responsible for housing, running and maintaining it. Essays Yellow Wallpaper. The client has no obligations and he only pays on a per-use basis. Features: 1. Dynamic scaling can be done 2. It allows access to multiple users on single hardware 3. It is based on the model of utility pricing and hence has a variable cost 4. Resources are distributed as a service. Revenue Figure 5 Players: Amazon, Go Grid, Wolf Frameowrks, Microsoft, Rightscale, Wipro, Oracle, Vmware, TCS, Google, IBM, Net Magic, Reliance Data Centre.
Which industry can use it and why?  Government and online design, public sector can use IaaS. With current e-governance initiatives driving on a PPP model, immense investments are being made on 2006 essay selected, the IT infrastructure front. For projects like Aadhaar, the resume design, UIDAI is contemplating on the adoption of a cost-effective cloud based model that can provide effective and scalable processing of large databases. Urdu In Urdu Language For 2nd Year. 4. Pricing Models Elastic pricing or Pay-as-you-Use model Elastic pricing model is a model that incurs less wastage and lower costs as under this system customers are charged based as per their usage and consumption of a service. As the online, users are keenly aware of the cost of doing business and consuming a resource (since it’s coming from their pockets) therefore the three main types of essays, awareness of cost and selective usage is online design quite prominent.
When to use it? 1. When there is on life Unpredictability of resources . 2. When there is limitation of budget. Fixed or Subscription based pricing The simplest pricing option where the customer organization is billed on a fixed monthly basis is known as fixed pricing. The consumer is billed the same amount every month without consideration for actual usage. When to online resume use it? 1. When requirements are well defined. 1993 Essay. 2. When more control over the budget is required. 3. When it is required to use the cloud for a longer periods. Spot pricing for cloud It is a new concept in cloud computing, where market forces will decide the pot pricing model i. Online Design. e. , when the demand of computing and storage resources is higher than the price of services will be higher and vice-versa. Cloud chargeback Customers are charged on the basis of usage.
Benefits of essays for 2nd, this model are: 1. 2. Online Resume Design. 3. 4. Resource utilization can become more visible. Forecasting, budgeting and capacity planning can be facilitated. It encourages the chances, use of resume design, new emerging technologies. It facilitates justification and allocation of cost to 1993 2006 creationists their stakeholders and business units. Adoption of cloud computing models in India Findings on the basis of survey done by E#038;Y recently: 1. 2. 3. 4. Annual contract based modelling is online mostly opted by large enterprises.
Resource based usage model is adopted by SMB segment in majority. Potential customers are not satisfied with single pricing model. Pricing structures offered by vendors should be easy to urdu essays year understand, transparent and cost efficient. Figure 6  5. Online. PESTLE Analysis Figure 7 Political Regulations Even with Internet’s rise to the Horizon, it took many years for of essays policy makers to set up common norms and procedures regarding the internet’s usage. With the current popularity of cloud computing policy makers are more proactive in addressing technological changes. Regulations are still at a very nascent stage for Cloud computing: There are various government policies involved in that need to be incorporated by vendors to successfully implement cloud. There are various issues like security, privacy, location and ownership of data, that hinder the growth of cloud computing. Some vendors like Amazon Web Services have addressed certain issues by deploying local infrastructure in main markets (US and EU).  Government projects Cloud computing has the potential to provide good level government service deliveries to the people despite the government agencies suffering from resource constraints. US government has an estimate to resume spend almost USD 20 billion on cloud computing related products. Figure 8 The federal government has a complete cloud related strategy that can be described below. ? Develop a decision framework that can be used to essays for the yellow migrate services to cloud ? Find the services that can be migrated to Cloud and online resume, their time frames ? Calculate the resources required to 1993 2006 essay selected move the online, services to cloud. Figure 9 Economic Various multinational companies have reduced their IT spending in lieu of the main of essays, economic slowdown that has hit the economy hard.
JP Morgan recently cut their IT spending. Online Design. 14] Cloud computing helps cut costs in three main types of essays following ways ? By lowering opportunity cost of running technology. Online Design. When it comes to technology only 20% of the essays wallpaper, time and online, effort goes into running technology which is where all the value lies. By using Cloud computing the 80-20 can be reversed as time required to manage the OS and essay, hardware gets considerably reduced. ? Capital expenditure shifts to resume design operating expenditure. Of Essays. Figure 10 ? Renewed focus on core activities With the movement from traditional operation to cloud, A company gets a lot of online resume, time focus on its core activities. Recently, Netflix moved on to the Amazon Cloud service (AWS EC2). Social Figure 11 Internet has been the most disruptive social phenomenon of the past couple of decades and has found its use in both professional and personal activities.
The number of internet users is close to 2. Essay. 23 billion and growing. Figure 12 Internet users Since cloud being an online resume, internet based technology its adoption has a greater probability. The future generation will no doubt be connected through the internet for critical yellow both personal and professional lives. Resume Design. Social media has grown from strength to strength and now even companies are focused towards the use of social networking to find opportunities for their growth. Technical Technology has taken great strides over the last 2 decades and IT infrastructure and service sharing has become a great source of growth for some companies. Essay On Life. With high speed of internet, low connectivity issues, higher security standards and modularization of online design, environments, it has become easier to implement cloud. Figure 13 IBM IT Transformation Roadmap The IBM IT transformation road map suggests how the IT has transformed over the years and urdu in urdu, it is headed straight towards the adoption of cloud computing on a major level.
LEGAL There is currently no legal framework designed for the adoption on cloud computing. There are local regulations on free flow of information between countries. Online Resume. Figure 14 There are a few questions that are raised by three of essays, the law structure when cloud is being implemented. 1. Who is the controller? 2. Which law is applicable 3. Transfer outside the country? The future of legal policies appear uncertain and resume design, they can easily keep a lid on growth of urdu language year, cloud computing Environmental IT contributes 2% of the world’s CO2 emissions in the world which is the same as the Airline industry. Other than CO2 emission IT produces 2 million tones of electric waste as well. Cloud Computing is one of the ways to reduce the environmental impact of IT industry. Most of the electric waste would become obsolete with the evolution of cloud computing. Figure 15 Total PESTLE Impact Diagram Figure 16 6. Technological Infrastructure required for Cloud Computing Following Infrastructure is needed for Cloud computing: 1) 2) 3) 4) Computing Infrastructure Network Infrastructure Storage Infrastructure Linking Infrastructure a. Linking to Network b. Linking to online design Storage Depending upon the service required (IaaS or PaaS or SaaS), these infrastructure elements can be owned by humanities essay, the client or the Cloud service provider.
As per online resume, the CIO. com article are as follows:  , there are seven important aspects of any cloud infrastructure, these 1) Heterogeneous System Support Other than leveraging the latest software and humanities, hardware systems, the cloud infrastructure should also be compatible with the resume design, legacy and traditional systems of the essay chances, organization and online resume, should also support the existing infrastructure. 2) Service Management In order to make the cloud offering successful, the cloud service should be able to provide proper resource (e. g. CPU cycle or storage etc) guarantees, transparent metering rules of the service and on life chances, proper billing cycles. Also, the service should be able to be managed and deployed easily and quickly. 3) Dynamic Workload and Resource Management For providing truly on demand and virtualized services, it is important for any cloud infrastructure to manage the resources and workload as per the required service level agreement to the consumer. Design. And hence in case of peak load, prioritize resources in order to be highly efficient and essay on life chances, performance driven. 4) Reliability, Availability and Security Reliability, Availability and Security are important aspects of any service, whether it is provided through cloud or through the traditional model. Hence any cloud infrastructure should provide a smooth transition to the cloud service without compromising on any of these aspects of the system. 5) Integration with Data Management tools It is possible that cloud computing management solutions do not fully take the place of the traditional systems and data centers.
Hence the cloud infrastructure should be able to integrate with these out online resume of the box systems and data centers to provide a hassle free service to the clients. 6) Visibility and Reporting An important feature of the cloud service is the ‘pay as per-use’ facility. Hence to on life chances fully achieve this objective, the cloud infrastructure should support detailed levels of visibility and reporting regarding the usage, service level agreements, compliances, system and network performances, billing schedules etc. Online Design. 7) Administrator, Developer and End User Interface Most Cloud infrastructures provide user interfaces and portals to hide the multiculturalism, cloud service complexities from the online, end user and in a way also provide the ability to manage these cloud services in a simple yet comprehensive way. On Life Chances.  7. Cloud Computing – Drivers Vs Inhibitors Inhibitors for Cloud Computing. A report published by IBM  (IBM Academy of Technology, Thought Leadership White Paper, October 2010) based on the survey conducted on design, 110 Cloud implementation Projects, revealed that the major concerns for implementing Cloud were issues involving security, lack of perceived value proposition by the customers, lack of standardization and lack of funding for implementation. Some of the other factors include- complexity concerns, lack of skills, concerns about types, reliability and availability of online, cloud, technical immaturity etc. Figure 17 Source: IBM Academy of Technology, Thought Leadership White Paper, October 2010 
Security  Security is one of the urdu essays in urdu language for 2nd, major concerns specially in design public cloud implementations. Most customers are worried about the privacy and integrity of their data. The concerns may increase even more if the cloud is shared among other customers, who may be your competitors. Humanities Essay. Hence according to the IBM survey most companies are interested in implementing the private cloud (instead of going for the public Cloud). Standardization  As Cloud Computing is an emerging technology, the processes and implementations are not yet standardized.
Each of the Cloud implementers provides their own solutions. There are no industry wide standards yet developed for Cloud computing. Hence this lack of hardware requirements, software, operating system and processes act as an inhibitor for implementing cloud. Value Proposition  Implementation of Cloud is much easier if value which it provides in terms of resume, meeting the business requirements and cost benefits can be explained to the customer. Hence lack of tools and models that assist the customers to calculate the return on investment and value proposition pose a deterrent in cloud implementation. Complexity and Integration  Most customers today run a host of applications including numerous legacy tools. Customers are looking integrated solution for multiculturalism essay all their applications from the cloud providers. Hence the doubts over integrating all solutions and also reducing complexity are one of the concerns of the customers in online resume design implementing cloud. According to Keane White paper  on “Cloud Computing – Clear thinking about its risks, benefits and success factors” impediments to cloud Adoption are as follows: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Security Privacy / Compliance Immaturity of vendors / Offerings Risk Mitigation Legacy Applications. Drivers for Cloud Computing BENEFITS  The study conducted by IBM based on 110 Cloud implementations revealed following results: ? ? ? Around 80% of clients acknowledge benefits in sharing of IT resources through highly virtualized infrastructure by implementing cloud. Humanities Essay Questions. Around 60% achieved ease-of-use through self service with rapid delivery.
Taking about online resume, public clouds specifically ? ? ? Ease-of-use is 85% (as compared to 60% overall by critical essays for the wallpaper, both public and private cloud users) 68% benefit from pay-as-you-go Charging model 63% benefit from Internet / Web based Cloud. Figure 18 Source: IBM Academy of resume, Technology, Thought Leadership White Paper, October 2010  According to Keane White paper  on 2006 creationists essay selected, “Cloud Computing – Clear thinking about online resume, its risks, benefits and essay, success factors” benefits of Cloud solution are as follows: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Cost Capability / Scalability More Green Organization Agility Collaboration Focus According Deloitte report on “Cloud Computing – Forecasting Change – Market overview and Perspective”  Figure 19 Source: Deloitte Report on Cloud Computing – Forecasting Change – Market overview and Perspective  Deloitte’s perspective on perceived and real impact of cloud Inhibitors  Figure 20 Source: Deloitte Report on online, Cloud Computing – Forecasting Change – Market overview and Perspective  8. Global cloud computing market size#038; Future growth According to essays language for 2nd year the report called “Sizing the Cloud” of independent research firm Forrester Research the global cloud computing market would fetch the $241 billion by 2020 as compared to $40. 7 billion in 2010. Online Resume. It could be possible cause of rapidly growing of cloud computing services. Figure 21 According to this report, Software-as-a-service(SaaS) would have a significant share in the total revenue. This segment would offer more opportunity growth than any other segments. The SaaS would have the leading position in the Cloud Computing market by holding the $92.
8 billion by 2016. Essay. According to IDC by 2015 nearly 24% of the online, software purchaseswould be service enabled software. SaaS delivery will have the share of 1993 2006 creationists essay, around 13. Online Resume Design. 1% of worldwide software revenue and 1993 essay selected, 14. 4% for applications. Global Corporate Mobile SaaS Market will be at $1. billion in 2011 and will grow to $3. 7 billion by online, 2016 with Compound annual growth rate of 25. Three Main Types. 8% according to latest Strategy Analytics Wireless Enterprise Strategies. It will be possible by integration of business application on smartphones, tablets and other wireless devices.
Deloitte has estimated that cloud based usage will replace 2. 34% of online, IT spending in 2014 and further it will rise to 14. 49% in 2020. Figure 22 Cisco’s Global Cloud Index forecasted that the transition of workloads from traditional data centres to cloud data centres will exceed in 2014. This year would be the crucial year when workloads through cloud data centres (51%) would be higher than the essay, traditional data centres (49%) for the first time. If this trend would be continued then cloud workloads would be dominating to the traditional work load by 2015. The Compound annual growth rate expected to be at 22% during 2010-15. Fig 23 According to online resume Gartner, Insurance industry would have a higher rate of cloud adoption (34%) compared to their enterprise counterparts (27%) in humanities questions the Small #038; Medium Business (SMB) category. Fig 24 Complete analysis of Cloud Computing in online design Asia  Fig 25 Indian Market In terms of three types, market size, Indian market holds only $990 million compared to global market $ 109 billion7.
It is online predicted that India would be having market of humanities essay questions, $3-4 billion by 20157according to Zinnov Management Consulting. On the online design, other hand Nasscom and Deloitte consulting estimated that Indian market would be worth of $16 billion by multiculturalism, 20207. Design. It is also estimated that India would have a huge potential growth in future cause of millions of Small #038; Medium Business who are not able to afford to invest in the expensive business software solutions. Vishnu Bhatt, head of in urdu, cloud services at Infosys says that, “About 60 per cent of enterprise workloads will be on the cloud in five years, from the current nonexistent levels”. Four different types of market opportunity are there in the India. Online. Roughly 25 per cent of the Indian market is in essay chances “private cloud” business cause of security reasons. Other three opportunities lies in the “public cloud” as Saas, PaaS, #038; in Iaas.
Independent software vendors (ISVs) like”Infosys, Wipro etc. ” are the middle players who serve to small clients from the big players like Microsoft and Salesforce. The entire cost is online resume design borne by the end users, on an average the ISVs make around 20-30 per cent of the total revenue. Around 3000 ISVs are there in urdu essays language India and nearly 1000 of them have tied up with the Microsoft and resume, Salesforce. So we can say Indian cloud market mostly depend on the ISVs. 9. CLOUD COMPUTING AFFECTING FIRM BOUNDARY Start-ups Cloud computing reduces initial investments of the start-ups by reducing capital investment in a data center. In cloud computing the infrastructure for data storage is questions provided by the cloud providers which help start-ups in reducing their investment. Cloud computing does not eliminate the development cost but helps start-up companies to focus on their core competency without hiring people with expertise. Cloud computing also helps different software companies (start-ups) to expand their offering by partnerships with big firms (exa-IBM). [32, 33] Due to this lowered capital cost the companies were able to prove their products on less initial capital. . In 2011, 1339 companies received a total of US $5. 8bn in first-time financing (an increase of 7% in online capital raised and an inc of 19. % in deal numbers, compared with the same period in 2010).
The data shows that Venture capitals are taking interest in investing on these small amounts since the risk is low. Chances. This helps the entrepreneurs in cracking more deals as supported by data.  SMB’s Cloud computing will help SME’s in modeling their business. Since it is cost effective, now companies are targeting these small and medium size businesses. These firms were not able to online resume implement ERP due to high cost and lack of IT infrastructure. Now due to cost cut of the infrastructure they can use cloud for their business. iON will enhance India’s global competitiveness by giving 35 million Indian SMBs access to humanities essay world-class, simple-to-use and scalable technology tools. SMBs can use the power of iON to build their business advantage and compete on the global stage,” said N Chandrasekaran, chief executive officer and managing director, TCS, and chief architect, iON, in a statement.  The table below shows the share of small #038; medium businesses in different countries.
In India Tata Consultancy Service is targeting $1 billion revenue from online resume design, these small and essay, medium businesses firm  over five years. Figure 26 A survey taken from Zoomerang (in April 2011) for small and medium businesses has shown that 77% of the resume, small and medium businesses are not using cloud computing for their businesses and essay, 52% of them will use cost effective IT management and maintenance sources. Figure 27  A report published by Microsoft has shown that there is high potential for cloud adoption in SMBs. As per the report the number of companies with between 11 and 25 employees will potentially double till next wave. In 101 – 250 employee segment 33% companies will adopt cloud in the next wave. Online Resume Design.  Figure 28 Cost effectiveness of cloud computing will help startups and SMB’s in adopting it ,which in turn will help them in making their process efficient and chances, as the result “SMBs will be able to challenge big businesses”. Online Resume.  Venture Capital Investment The diagram below shows the growth of public cloud and its comparison with the main, overall IT. The public cloud services are growing strongly with a rate of 18%, which is a positive sign for the companies providing cloud services. 42] This growth is also attracting the Venture Capitalist. Currently, not much of the investment is done on online resume, this sector and humanities essay, there is a strong chance of investment.  Figure 29 Venture capital is also affected by government regulations.
A report published by Josh Learner shows the impact of copyright policy changes on Venture capital investment in cloud computing companies. Design. The data provided in the table in Appendix A has shown the investment of venture  capital quarter wise for cloud service firms in U. S. Essay Chances. A. Figure 30 The figure below shows the ratio of resume, investment in cloud computing companies to investment in all IT companies. A drastic change can be seen in the graph after the copyright policy changes. Types Of Essays.  Figure 31 A survey taken in online 2012 by Deloitte regarding global trends in venture capital shows the confidence level of investors of different countries in different industries. The first graph shows the confidence level of venture capital investment sector wise and the second graph shows the confidence level of respondent’s country in cloud computing. 44] Figure 32 Figure 33 According to the article of NASSCOM Deloitte “Deconstructing the cloud – The new growth frontier for main types of essays Indian IT – BPO sector” cloud computing will affect by making (below points are directly taken from the online, article)  Lines blur between consumer and essays, enterprise IT – Initially innovation was driven by enterprises but now trends have been changed and innovations are driven by resume, customer segment also e. g. blogging, social networking and cloud is fast helping merge this divide between consumer and enterprise.
IT drives arket-facing differentiation for businesses – Cloud will be a net positive impact on existing service lines while opening up new “product” opportunities Cloud have a net positive impact on existing service line revenues, though traditional IS outsourcing and 1993 creationists selected, testing service providers will have to re-invent existing models Uptake will vary across industries because of different drivers and barriers Cloud will alter the industry landscape – commoditization of IT through cloud computing will reduce entry barrier bringing some new breed competitors. Partnerships and alliances will be key to succeed in the Cloud ecosystem  10. Web 2. 0 and Cloud Computing Web 2. 0 and Cloud computing have changed the way we develop, deploy and use computer applications. The World Wide Web had seen a transition from traditional publishing model to design the new collaborative information creation model. 2006 Creationists Selected.  Web 2. 0 uses network as a platform for sharing information, creating content, #038; making a virtual community, in contrast to the websites where users can simply read the text (passive viewing of content). Web 2. includes some of the most widely known and used applications blogs, social networking sites, YouTube, wikis, Twitter, web applications etc.  Figure 34: Web 1. 0 #038; web 2. 0 Structure  Cloud computing services in nature are Web applications which deliver desirable computing services on demand. It is online resume design thus a natural technical evolution that the Cloud computing acquires the Web 2. 0 technique.  Cloud computing defines the way the applications are deployed. It offers infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and software as a service (SaaS).
As per critical for the yellow, the requirement of resources, the processing power and resume design, memory gets allocated in an elastic manner.  The cloud is often misinterpreted as a combination of clusters and grids. However, in reality, clouds are next-generation data centres which are dynamically provisioned as per of essays, the user demand used for personalized resource collection for fulfilling specific user needs and accessible through “Web 2. 0” technologies.  Web 2. 0 and Implications on cloud computing Web 2. 0 contributes to the front end of the online resume design, business, cloud computing contributes to the back end of the business. Combining both, web 2. 0 #038; cloud computing, both front end as well as some of the back end of the business can be outsourced. The work can be performed from anywhere, teams may not be at australian the same location thus collaborating the information using, web 2. 0 tools, cloud, mobile technologies. Design. This is the concept of virtualized organizations.  Statistical Support David Osimo shows how web 2. 0 applications have grown masively.
He uses the data from chances, Technorati, Wikipedia, Myspace, Youtube and Nielsen-Netratings for analysis. His findings can be seen in Figure 2..  Figure 35: Growth of Web 2. 0 applications  Cloud computing is addressing two different market needs  1. Resume. Large scale web applications (‘web 2. 0 markets’) – scale-out cloud E. g. Google Traditional data centre computing (‘enterprise market’) – server clouds E. g. Microsoft 2. Figure 36: Evolution of World Wide Web  Cloud computing is integral to web 2. 0. Essay. It brings all sorts of user data along with operating system online and enables content sharing platform making the use of storage devices unnecessary. Web 2. Design. 0 provides the collaborative functionality that helps in sharing documents and making changes on a real time basis regardless of their locations. Critical Essays Wallpaper. This along with cloud computing allows for online storage of data avoiding the online, use of 1993 2006 creationists essay, hardware, data centres as well as software replaced by design, online web applications like Google documents. There can be two kinds of customers for cloud  Those that need to scale up (achieve higher scale) at low costs 2. Those that want to essays for the eliminate data centre model and choose pay-as-you-go model 1. Many technologies like grid computing, peer to peer computing contribute directly to cloud. Thus, web 2. Design. 0 provides users the 1993 creationists essay, capabilities of easy sharing and accessibility of data with anyone, from anywhere.
Applications like Google doc, face book are managed by design, cloud storing huge amount of australian, user data at one place and making it readily available to everyone anytime. These applications are one type of services, software as a service. Users have their own hardware at place, and online resume design, use their own platform to run these cloud applications. The software resources like application servers, database servers, IDE etc. Essay Chances. re not required. Other kind of services include application as a service where users have their own hardware at place and rent platforms from cloud to develop customized software. Finally infrastructure as a service means the complete virtualization of business with storage at cloud. Hardware and computing also need not be performed at the site but takes place in cloud. Resources like storage, computing power are not required.  With the advent of web 2. 0, cloud computing got a boost as people could create and access any amount of information without having to worry about design, its storage. Google is the best example. It provides many services and applications like, Google doc, spreadsheet, YouTube all of which are cloud based and help sharing information on on life, a real time basis.
The real time sharing of knowledge is resume design what is made possible though combination of the two. Cloud is incorporated in the next version of web 2. 0 retaining the features of web 2. 0 and main types, adding new ‘elasticity’ to the whole application or business deployment. 11. Porter’s 5 Forces Analysis Threat of new entrants ? ? ? ? Low barriers to entry Relatively lower development costs Low fixed costs Huge potential market. Bargaining power of suppliers: ? ? High for few big players. Can depend on the type of service provided. Bargaining power of resume design, buyers: Existing competitive landscape ? ? Intense rivalry. Presence of three main types, big, small #038; niche players. ? ? Dependent on the size of the buyers. SMEs’ power can increase with standardization of offerings.
Threat of online resume design, substitutes: ? Mild threat from open source computing Figure 38 1. Existing competitive landscape: The Cloud computing market comprises of both small and big players causing intense rivalry. But there is a large variety in the type of products and services required by customers and so there is room for big, small and niche players. Essays In Urdu Language. There are the big players providing end-to-end services like IBM, Amazon, Microsoft etc, pure players like Salesforce and niche players like Dell-BOOMI (specializes in online resume design Cloud Integration), Rackspace (leader in managed hosting services) and small players like Zenith.  2. Suppliers’ bargaining power: Since there is a huge potential for three main of essays demand from SMEs and few big players like Google, Amazon and IBM, the online resume design, bargaining power of suppliers is quite high. Bargaining power could vary according to the type of service provided. E. Essay. g. In case of an IaaS service, switching cost for customers might not be very high since the offering is largely undifferentiated, but same cannot be said for a SaaS offering.
Also there are is resume design no clear rule of law for regulation of the data stored on the cloud. Data stored on the cloud could be subject to less stringent action by the regulatory authority than that stored on a personal computer. This could make the switching costs for the customers quite high.  3. Buyer’s bargaining power: Bargaining power of buyers can be said to be dependent on the size of the buyer’s business. In case of SMEs, the bargaining power can be said to be low since many of the suppliers in critical the cloud computing market are large corporations. Whereas the buyer’s bargaining power can substantially dominate the supplier if the buyer itself is a large organization. The bargaining power of SMEs can increase if with the standardization of the services which will be facilitated with establishing proper regulatory compliances.  4. Threat of design, new entrants:
With the huge potential market among the multiculturalism essay, SMEs, it is expected that many new entrants from the SME segment itself will enter the Cloud computing market with low cost offerings. This expectation lies on the fact of low fixed costs, relatively lower costs of online, developing a product and low barriers to types of essays entry. Online.  5. Threat of substitutes: Open source computing can be considered as a substitute for Cloud computing services. But it can be expected that the SMEs will prefer Cloud computing over open source due to higher switching costs in case of open source and lower costs of cloud computing services. 
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Writing A Disk-Based File-System For The Linux Kernel V2.4 - A Loop With 8 Iterations. Why not? To get intimate knowledge with the VFS. . so we can contribute to a real FS (ext2, reiserfs, nfs. ) Because we think we have an design idea for an even better FS. To expose something that's not an FS, as if it was one (e.g. ftpfs). To be able to prepare an unusual lecture for essays for the our local LUG.
To leverage two month of unemployment for a future career. General Parts Of A Disk-Based File-System's code. First, there is the on-disk file-system layout design. . and the code to manipulate it. . including a user-mode utility to create a new, empty FS. . and a user-space utility to online design, check and fix a broken FS. Then there is code to handle the VFS's super-block. And code to handle Inodes of main types, directories.. . and inodes of files.
And code to resume, handle file's data.. Finally, code to handle directories data (mostly for readdir). Before you write a new FS - read the code of an existing one. ext2 is a good idea, since it is the simplest native file-system. Even thought FAT is humanities questions much much simpler, it's not native, and online design, thus is too confusing to serve as a reference (has no inodes, so everything is emulated). Next time, you'll have the code of essays for the yellow, STAMFS as a base reference, too ;) Note : STAMFS is a silly, useless, unstable, crash-prone and very inefficient file-system, that assumes that each disk sector contains 512 bytes, and uses them in logical blocks of 1024 bytes each. But it's simple enough to understand in 10 minutes and resume, implement in 2 month of spare-time by someone unfamiliar with the VFS.
Here is how it looks: Contains a mapping from inode numbers to the logical disk block that contain their info. Essay. Each entry on the disk occupies 4 bytes. Entry 0 contains the sector number of inode 1. Design. Inode numbers are between 1 (the root inode) and 1024/4 + 1 (=257). Then why 4 bytes per entry and not less? for simplicity, and future extension. The inode contains info such as last update/change/access time, data blocks size, index of the on life chances logical disk block with the data block index, etc. The data block index contains a mapping between logical block numbers in the inode, and logical blocks on disk. Resume Design. Entry 0 contains the types number of the online design disk block whose contents is in block 0 of the file (bytes 0-1023). Each entry in this index is 4 bytes long. Thus, an inode (i.e. a file) on a STAMFS system is limited to 1024/4 (=256) sectors, or 128KB, of urdu language for 2nd, data. The free blocks list contains indexes of disk blocks that were once allocated and then freed.
No need to hold all free blocks, since we have the number of the highest allocated block in the super-block. Each entry is 4 bytes long, and design, thus we have 1024/4 (256) entries for free blocks. When allocating a data block, we first scan the free list. Only if it is empty, we allocate the next highest non-allocated block. If we free 257 blocks without allocating any. BOOM! A directory is an humanities essay inode of type directory, whose data contains the list of files found in the directory.
Each entry in the data contains an inode number, file type (dir or file), and a name (limited to 16 chars). We don't keep entries for resume design . and .. on disk - the file system's code adds these entires on-the-fly at run-time. Writing STAMFS - A Loop With 8 Iterations. When writing a file-system, we need to implement several layers of objects. To make life simpler, lets develop it using user-mode-linux. . and using loopback mount (file-system in a file). Critical Wallpaper. Lets see how to do that in 8 iterations. Resume Design. Important Note : the three main types VFS is online resume design a very delicate creature. if you load half-written file system code, it might try to access not-implemented functions/structs and crash. The code in the steps below might cause some crashes for the system - do not panic. Use register_filesystem() to register a new file-system. A struct file_system_type is the parameter: Use unregister_filesystem() during cleanup.
Here is the non-mountable STAMFS code. To make the file-system mountable, we implement the stamfs_read_super() function: Read the super-block from the hard-disk. Verify the STAMFS signature is there. Initialize the struct super_block we got. Initialize a struct stamfs_super_meta and main of essays, attach as the super-block's FS private data. Online. Load the root inode (see next slide), and put in essay questions the dcache.
The iget() function we called to design, load the root inode will eventually invoke the read_inode super-block operation, stamfs_read_inode(): Find the disk block containing the inode, based on the inode number. Read the inode's block. Initialize the VFS's inode struct with the loaded data. Humanities Questions. Attach STAMFS's inode-meta-data to the inode. Set the various VFS operations (inode-operations, file-operations, address-space operations) based on the inode's type (dir, file. ). When a file-system is resume unmounted, its put_super super-block operation is invoked. stamfs_put_super() does: Release the buffer_head-s we used for storing super-block related data (the super-block, the inode index block and the free list block). Free the memory used for storing the STAMFS super-block's meta-data. When we read the inode, we attached a meta-information structure to the inode object. When the 1993 2006 essay system frees this object, we need to online design, clear this memory. This is done by 1993 creationists implementing the 'clear_inode' super-block operation: Get the pointer to online design, the meta-data structure. Free it.
Set the original pointer to for the, NULL - the inode object might be re-used later on. Design. Here is the just-mountable STAMFS code. Now we should allow searching for inodes inside directories, based on their names - a simple ls won't work without stamfs_iop_lookup: Make sure the chances parameters are sane (e.g. file-name is not too long). Scan the directory for an entry with the desired name. If we found it - load the resume design inode from essay on life chances, disk, using the inode number (see next slide). add the online resume design dentry as a child of the parent directory, in the dcache.
Reading The Contents Of A Directory. If we'll just stop here, we'll get a system crash in the first ls to the root directory - we want to be able to read the contents of the yellow root directory, and this requires a file-operation named readdir, implemented in stamfs_readdir(): Make sure the file read-head position is not located past the last entry in the directory (for a large dir, we only return part of it, and the user will perform another readdir to read the next chunk, etc.). If we're at the first position, insert info about directory '.' (we don't keep it on disk). If we're at the second position, insert info about directory '..' (we don't keep it on disk). Read the directory's data block from disk. As long as there's space in the user's buffer, scan the list of files and add them to the user's buffer. Update the last access-time of the directory.
Now, here is the search-able STAMFS code. Note : expect a kernel-panic when bdflush tries to sync this directory - we'll get back to this later. When we instantiated the root-inode, we attached an inode-operations object - struct stamfs_dir_iops. It has a mkdir entry - to which we now attach stamfs_iop_mkdir(): Allocate a new inode for the child (see next slide). Turn this inode into an empty-directory inode.
Increase the online parent's link-count (the child's .. 2006. points to online resume design, the parent). Increase the child's link-count (the child's . points back at the child). Add the questions child to the list of children of the parent. Online Resume Design. Instantiate the child's dentry. To create a new inode, we have stamfs_inode_new_ino(): Allocate a block for the inode, and a block for the inode's block index. Allocate a free inode number - it must be 1 or larger - zero will cause various user-space applications to choke. Allocate a VFS inode struct. Set the inode's link-count to australian multiculturalism essay, 1 (it will be in a directory, which will point to it). Set the rest of the inode struct's fields. Attach STAMFS's meta-data to the inode's private data.
Set the various VFS operations (inode-operations, file-operations, address-space operations) based on the inode's type (dir, file. ). Add the inode to the parent directory. Important - Writing The Super-Block. If we want to online resume, avoid a busy-loop, we must implement write-super: Adding a new inode will dirty the super-block. . so the 1993 2006 creationists essay VFS (via the update daemon) will try to write it to resume design, disk. . in a loop of australian, updating all dirty super-blocks. The write-super function needs to online, mark the super-block as non-dirty, or else the update daemon will keep trying to write it - causing the system to get stuck. So, here is the mkdir-able STAMFS code.
After we can create directories - we can try to delete them, too, with stamfs_iop_rmdir(): Make sure the directory is empty (it's up to US, not to the VFS. hence - we could have changed this semantics if we wanted to). Unlink the directory (see next slide). Decrease the parent's link count - the child's .. no longer points to it. Decrease the child's link count - the creationists selected child's . no longer points at itself. Resume Design. Do not actually delete the directory's inode - the VFS will do it once it sees the 1993 creationists essay selected directory's link-count dropped to 0. Support Directory Deletion - The Unlink Operation. Unlink is implemented as a separate operation, since later on it will also be used to unlink files: Remove the child from the list of children of its parent. Decrease the child's link count - the parent no longer points to resume design, it.
Now, here is the 1993 creationists rmdir-able STAMFS code. Until now, when we unmounted our file-system, we lost all entires we created (well, not all - when we wrote into buffer-heads, they got written into disk - which is why we got some funny entries in directories, after un-mounting and re-mounting a file system on which we created directories). We need to have the following: Write the resume design super-block to disk (already done). Write new or updated inodes to disk. Delete inodes from disk when their files (actually directories) are erased. Truncate data blocks when their files (actually directories) are erased.
Writing inodes back to disk is done using the super-block's write_inode operation, and the stamfs_write_inode() function, which simply invokes stamfs_inode_write_ino(): Load the inode's block from disk. Update it with data from the critical for the VFS inode struct. Mark the inode's buffer_head as dirty - it'll be written by bdflush or during unmount. Unless we were asked to do this synchronously - in which case we force an immediate buffer_head write. Deleting inodes from disk is done using the super-block's delete_inode operation, and the stamfs_delete_inode() function: Sanity check - make sure this is online resume not a bad inode (i.e. an invalid inode). Set the creationists selected inode's size field to zero, and if it contains any data blocks - invoke stamfs_inode_truncate() (see below). Finally, free the online resume inode, using stamfs_inode_free_ino() (which merely frees the 1993 essay selected inode number, the inodes block and its block index block). This function is used both when deleting the inode, and when a user invokes a truncate operation (with a given offset) on online design, a file, so it uses the australian inode's size field in order to know where to online resume design, start truncating from: Read the inode's block index from disk. Calculate the critical essays entry of this index, from which we need to fully truncate blocks.
Scan the index from that point until its end, freeing each block (possibly adding it to the free list), and resume, mark the entry as empty. Update accounting data (e.g. number of blocks used by the inode). Note : when we support files with data, we will need to critical essays for the yellow, get back to this function. Now, here is the persistent STAMFS code. First, we need to add new operation structs for files: In stamfs_iops, we add an empty stamfs_file_iops. In stamfs_fops, we add an empty stamfs_file_fops.
Modify stamfs_inode_new_inode to use the new structs when creating file inodes. Modify stamfs_inode_read_ino in the same manner. Creating a normal file is done using the create inode-operation, and in STAMFS, with stamfs_iop_create(): Create a new inode for the file (using the online resume previously encountered stamfs_inode_create_ino() function). In Urdu For 2nd Year. Add it to children list the given directory, and instantiate the file's dentry. Online Design. If the above failed, reduce the new inode's link count and iput() it - seeing that it has 0 links, the VFS will delete it (will invoke the super-block's delete_inode operation). As an added bonus, let us also support deleting files.
This is essay chances real easy now: Simply add an 'unlink' operation to design, the stamfs_dir_iops struct, pointing to stamfs_iop_unlink. We already implemented that when adding support for critical essays yellow rmdir. Here is the file-create-able STAMFS code. Supporting files with data is simpler then it looks, because we leave most of the work to the page cache, and design, the VFS's generic page-handling functions. We simply need to map all address-space operations to functions that invoke the australian multiculturalism VFS generic page-handling functions, and implement a single function - stamfs_get_block(): Translate the block offset parameter to the matching disk block number. If we succeeded, just return this block number. Otherwise - if we were told NOT to allocate a new block, return an error. Resume Design. Otherwise (this is an allocate block operation, coming from a file write operation), allocate a free block, add a mapping to the inode's blocks index, and return it. Truncating Pages In The Page Cache. In addition, we need to handle truncating page cache parts related to our file, when the matching part of the file is truncated.
In stamfs_inode_do_truncate, before the humanities essay blocks freeing loop, we need to tell the page cache to delete the relevant pages, using the VFS's block_truncate_page function. Finally, we need to implement the fsync file operation, for resume both files and directories. The function is stamfs_sync_file: Take the inode from the given dentry parameter. Sync the buffers related to the inode (in our case, that's the essays yellow inode's buffer-head and online, the block index buffer-head). Sync the data buffers of the file. If the inode itself is dirty, write the australian multiculturalism essay inode to disk in a synchronous manner. Here is the files-with-data STAMFS code.
Implementing A Disk-Based File-System - Summary. Use the generic VFS functions whenever possible. Implement things in small steps. Online. When you didn't support some functions yet - supply an empty operations struct - not a NULL pointer. When updating a buffer_head or an australian essay inode - mark it as dirty! Whenever you change an inode - update the design relevant times - no one will do that for you. Updating VFS objects is decoupled from updating disk objects. Fix the bug with allocation of directory entries - which does not re-allocate a previously freed entry. In Urdu Language For 2nd Year. Allow creating larger files/directories, by having the last entry in an inode's block index, point to design, another block containing index data. Support a larger free blocks list in a similar manner (note: This is trickier - where do we store the blocks comprising the free blocks list?).
Support having more inodes, in a similar manner. Add support for 'rename'. Add support for variable-length file names. Re-implement directories handling to use the page cache, rather then using buffer-heads directly.