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Also see my Professional Bio service and question professional resume writing services. Bob Flob joins CDE Corporation as a leading consultant in marketing and new business development for both CDE's national and ulu thesis international markets. With over 20 years experience in international product sales, and applying a strong expertise in objective research data-driven, long-term strategic planning, Bob will be a welcome addition to the consulting services CDE offers its clients. Prior to joining CDE, Bob was a senior consultant for BDA Inc., where he led corporate business development and new client systems. In his first three months, Bob increased the firm's marketing consulting revenues by 20%. He was involved in green analysis essay exploring joint venture opportunities with companies such as KLE Corporation and The DDD Group. He managed a diverse project portfolio, including market analysis studies, managed care systems, product feasibility profiles, and customer satisfaction measurement. From 2004 through 2007, Bob was the thesis objective research question, Director of Marketing Research for ulu thesis binding SLE Inc., managing a marketing research function with revenues in excess of thesis research question, $200 million. In addition, Bob was an integral member of the Joint Venture/Acquisition and the Licensing/Business Development teams, where he led the project valuation, due diligence, deal parameter, and negotiation processes, resulting in future revenue projections of over $100 million.
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monopoly essay Published July 12, 2016. Economists overwhelmingly agree that the actual costs of monopoly are small, even trivial. This consensus is based on a theory that assumes monopolies are well-run businesses that limit their output in order to drive up prices and maximize profit. And because empirical studies have found that monopolists do not restrict output or raise prices by very much, most economists have concluded that monopolies inflict relatively little harm on the economy. In this essay, I review recent research that upends both the thesis objective question theoretical and empirical elements of this consensus view. 2 This research shows that monopolies are not well-run businesses, but instead are deeply inefficient. Monopolies do drive up prices, as conventional theory suggests, but because they also reduce productivity, they often ultimately destroy most of an industry’s profits. These productivity losses are a dead weight loss for the economy, and far from trivial. The new research also shows that monopolists typically increase prices by using political machinery to limit the output of competing productsusually by blocking low-cost substitutes. By limiting supply of these competing products, the monopolist drives up demand for music thesis idea its own.
Thus, in contrast to conventional theory, the thesis research question monopolist actually produces more of its own product than it would in a competitive market, not less. But because production of the substitutes is fried tomatoes analysis, restricted, total output falls. The reduction in productivity exacts a toll on all of society. But the blocking of low-cost substitutes particularly harms the poor, who might not be able to afford the monopolist’s product. Thus, monopolies drive the poor out of many markets. In this essay, I first review the thesis research question standard theory of ulu thesis monopoly that contends it inflicts little harm, and then I introduce a new theory that refutes that view. Thesis Question. In this new theory, groups within monopolies act as both adversaries that reduce productivity and allies that eliminate substitutes. The new theory thus demonstrates that monopolies in fact cause substantial economic harm, and that harm falls disproportionately on people with fewer financial resources.
I then provide several historical examples of monopolies from my own research and that of character analysis others. I’ll discuss monopoly subgroups in their role as adversaries in the sugar, cement and construction industries. I’ll discuss monopoly subgroups acting as allies in the dental and legal industries. But I want to research question emphasize that in all monopolies, subgroups engage in both roles. I’ll also take a fresh look at a familiar example of a monopoly, U.S. Steel, showing how subgroups acted as both adversaries and allies. These few examples are illustrative only and exegetical essay, provide a narrow glimpse of a far broader economic phenomenon: Monopolies are prevalent in the U.S. (and international) economy. The conclusion summarizes this analysis and provides historical perspective for future efforts.
In the standard theory of monopoly found in textbooks, the monopolist is a single seller of a good who increases his or her price above competitive levels, leading to reduced output. The key cost of monopoly is the restriction of industry production. Two basic assumptions, or tenets, underlie this theory. One assumption is that monopolists produce efficiently and question, maximize profits. This tenet is based on logic, not evidence. Nobel Laureate George Stigler 3 provides one rendition of this logic: “The goal of efficiency is pervasive in hourglass essay economic life, where efficiency means producing and selling goods at the lowest possible cost (and therefore the largest possible profit).
This goal is sought as vigorously by monopolists as by competitors” (1988, pp. 162-63). Another assumption is research question, that monopolists have close substitutes. This tenet is primarily based on binding logic, not evidence. Again, Stigler makes the case, arguing that “it is virtually impossible to eliminate competition from economic life. If a firm buys up all of its rivals, new rivals will appear. If the state gives away monopoly privileges there will emerge a strong competition in research the political area for these plums” (1988, p.164). The consensus view that monopolies inflict little actual damage on society has dominated the economics literature since the seminal work by University of Chicago economist Arnold Harberger (1954).
Applying the essay standard model to historical data, he calculated that monopolies do not restrict output or drive up prices by very much, so that their actual costs are small. This quickly became the accepted view. But the primary source of support from economists comes not from the empirical results, but from the theory’s compelling logic. In the following sections, the logic and empirical results are challenged by a new view. There is a key implicit assumption buried in the standard theory of monopoly. Not only are monopolists single sellers, but they also produce the goods by research question, themselves . Music. That is, the monopolist (and perhaps clones or mindless automatons) staffs all of the machines, all of the thesis research phones, all of the processes involved in producing the good.
Stated differently, in this abstraction, there are no heterogeneous groups comprising various individuals or interests and, hence, no frictions that might lead to music low productivity. Monopolists have every incentive to be productive (as do their clones or automatons). This implicit abstraction of monopolies being one-person operations has led the economics profession to miss very significant problems with monopoly. Close study reveals that monopolies are in fact composed of many subgroups, and it is the interplay among these groups that leads to low productivity and the elimination of research substitutes. Sometimes these subgroups have interests that do not align, and they act as adversaries . Bhp Scholarship Essay. Sometimes their interests align well, and they act as allies . When a monopoly forms, it stops competition from the outside. But this naturally leads to significant competition inside the monopoly, as subgroups fight among themselves over new opportunities afforded by the monopoly. That is, subgroups act as adversaries , and this often reduces productivity. This competition among subgroups within the monopolyfor better pay, working conditions or decision-making poweroften threatens to tear the monopoly apart.
To survive, the subgroups agree to find ways to question limit internal competition. Mechanisms are introducedcall them competition-reducing mechanismsthat enable subgroups to credibly commit to not compete. An example might include a worker subgroup demanding a work rule that forbids other workers from performing “their” particular task. But these mechanisms come at a high cost: reduced productivity. The standard assumption that monopolies are efficient producers is undermined. But the new view of monopoly contains another key element: monopolist subgroups acting as allies to eliminate substitutes from essays othello hero, competitors external to the monopoly.
Consider the research question logic of close substitutes. Essay. Politically adept monopolies (as they are de facto since the large majority of monopolies result from special privileges granted by the government) often use their political influence to weaken or destroy existing substitutes for thesis objective research question their product. Entrepreneurs may be well aware of the monopolist’s political power and thereby be discouraged from developing substitutes. Lastly, imagine what types of substitutes a monopoly might try to music thesis idea weaken or eliminate. It would not go after those with broad political support. Thesis Question. Rather, it would target those with little support, those purchased by politically disadvantaged low-income segments of the population.
A few examples of monopolies that reduce productivity and kill substitutes. As just mentioned, subgroups within monopolies act as adversaries and allies. Ulu Thesis. Adversarial relationships often reduce a monopoly’s productivity substantially. When subgroups act as allies, their joint goal is often to eliminate products that might otherwise compete with theirs. While subgroups in any monopoly engage in both adversarial and cooperative actions, I’ll discuss separate examples of each in this section. Adversaries: Reducing productivity. I’ll start by looking at objective research some adversarial relationships. Thesis Idea. In the United States, the sugar cartel, cement industry and thesis objective question, construction business provide excellent examples of ulu thesis binding subgroups within monopolies acting as adversaries and research, reducing productivity. During the Great Depression, the sugar manufacturing industry was one of many industries permitted to form a cartel as part of New Deal economic policy (see Bridgman, Qi and Schmitz 2015). In exchange for this permission, the industry agreed to sell sugar at a “fair” price. Essays. In addition, members of the industry, including factory owners and objective research question, incumbent farmers, drafted a joint plan (subject to fried green tomatoes character government approval) for how the cartel would meet price targets and share cartel profits.
The cartel allocated sales quotas to factories each year so as to thesis question hit the agreed-upon price target, a price in green tomatoes essay line with the agreement with the federal government. This cartel operated from 1934 to 1974. There were many adversarial relationships within the objective research question sugar industry that led to cartel rules beyond the factory sales quotas. These additional rules greatly lowered productivity, as well as productivity growth. One such example: conflict between farmers and factory owners. Bhp Scholarship Essay. Just as factory owners wanted and received sales quotas, farmers demanded and got quotas on the number of acres used to grow sugar crops. The acre quotas were not a mechanism to research control sugar prices; the factory sales quotas served this purpose.
Rather, they were a mechanism to ensure that incumbent farmers received a share of the monopoly profits. Without the acre quotas, for example, firms could have moved their factories beyond the geographic range of incumbent farmers. It was this adversarial relationship between factories and farmers that led to acre quotas. Sugar-producing states were also locked in adversarial relationships, most notably by “stealing” manufacturing industries from each other, a common practice that goes back to the late 1800s. Tomatoes Essay. So some cartel subgroups, in thesis research particular, local and state authorities, had the example of an exegetical incentive to push for limits on the renting of quotas, whereby acre quotas could be traded only within counties. Ultimately, they succeeded in including such rules in the cartel agreement. These cartel rules led to large productivity losses.
When the cartel was started in 1934, California and Colorado were the biggest beet-sugar-producing states, while Minnesota and North Dakota were very small producers. After World War II, the opportunity cost of land and (irrigated) water in Colorado and California grew much faster than in, say, Minnesota and North Dakota. Because cartel rules prohibited farmers from thesis objective research, renting their quotas beyond the local area, however, quota rights could not flow from, say, California to North Dakota, where additional acres would have been more profitable. The result was tremendous inefficiency, as the opportunity cost of ulu thesis binding inputs used to produce a given quantity of sugar in California was much greater than that in North Dakota. The same thing happened where sugar cane was grown.
When the sugar cartel started, Louisiana was a large cane producer, but Florida had barely begun its cane crop, and thesis objective question, so received a very small quota. After WWII, the profit of the marginal farmer in Florida began growing much faster than that of his or her counterpart in Louisiana but, again, quotas could not move to Florida, where production would have been more profitable. Quotas also led to bhp scholarship slower productivity growth by eliminating the incentive to find ways to increase output by, for example, increasing the period during which factories can operate during the year. Objective Research. Indeed, the sugar industry’s factory-operating days have increased dramatically in the United States since the cartel ended. The U.S. cement industry provides another good case study of adversaries within a monopoly. Ulu Thesis Binding. 4. During the 1950s, a powerful union, the United Cement, Lime and Gypsum Workers International Union (CLGW, for short) had a near-monopoly on question the supply of fried green tomatoes essay labor to the industry. Again, there were many adversarial relationships among subgroups. One was between different groups of workers. Thesis Objective Question. Because the workers were earning very high wages, there was potentially severe competition for hourglass essay jobs.
Hence, groups of objective question workers fought for rules that would secure their jobs from competition from ulu thesis binding, other workers. For example, union contracts had rules such as: “When the Finish Grind Department is completely down for repairs, the Company will not use Repairmen assigned to thesis research the Clinker Handling Department on repairs in the Finish Grind Department.” 5 No detailed knowledge of cement plants is needed to understand that this rule was meant to protect the repair jobs in the Finish Grind Department. This rule enabled workers to credibly commit to essay not compete with each other. This rule, and many others like it, not only protected jobs, but led to underutilization of capital. 6 Such rules led to a waste of resources, like energy. 7 Such mechanisms, sometimes called restrictive work practices, led to significant reductions in industry productivity. Other restrictive work practices resulted from adversarial relationships between workers and managers. After the research CLGW negotiated a big wage increase in the early 1960s, managers invested in larger, labor-saving machines that led to significant job losses.
Unions reacted by tomatoes character analysis essay, demanding a 1965 rule that prohibited managers from firing workers made redundant as a result of new investment, new ways of thesis organizing production and so on. Managers agreed to the union demand, but this restrictive work practice significantly reduced productivity. One would expect this rule to have dulled investment incentives and, indeed, there is analysis, evidence of a dip in research investment in the late 1960s. But the othello a tragic energy crisis of the 1970s hit the cement industry hard, and the industry responded by making big investments in thesis research new, energy-efficient machinery. The new machines were also more labor-efficient, but managers abided by their earlier commitment not to essays othello reduce employment. Hence, large productivity gains were repeatedly sacrificed to preserve peace between adversaries.
When foreign competition rocked the industry in the 1980s, the landscape changed. Thesis Objective. Cement factory managers were no longer committed to the rules they had agreed to with the CLGW. The industry was able to a tragic expand its output and reduce its workforce; labor productivity soared. The gains that were missed in the 1970s were enjoyed in the 1980s. Construction: Size is not the issue. Discussion of monopoly typically conjures up images of thesis objective giant corporations and thesis idea, giant manufacturing establishments, like U.S. Thesis. Steel and character analysis essay, its massive factories. But, in fact, the size of the monopolist’s operation does not correlate with its destructive impact.
Monopolies consisting of objective question small units, operating on a small scale, also do great damage. 8. Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis found this to be true 90 years ago in dealing with the othello Chicago construction industry. He described an industry in turmoil: “It is the violation of no confidence to say that building construction has gotten into bad repute in this community. There was a general disposition to keep away from it as a thing diseased. Capital avoided it. The wise dollar preferred almost any other form of activity or no activity” (Montgomery 1926, p. 273). To address these serious problems in Chicago construction, Landis was appointed to arbitrate wage disputes (Montgomery 1926). But Landis felt that if he was to objective research question do his job well, he needed to also analyze the work rules in the industry. This surprised and scared most of the parties involved.
Landis also knew that the work rules contained in the contracts were the tip of the iceberg, so he spent a considerable amount of time going out to jobs, talking with the workers and investigating the situation firsthand (p. 270). He concluded that while high wages were an issue, “The real malady lurked in a maze of conditions artificially created to give parties a monopoly, and in rules designed to produce waste for binding the mere sake of waste; all combined to bring about an insufferable situation, not the least burdensome element of which was the jurisdictional dispute between trade-union members of the same parent organization” (p. 273). The waste he reported is with us still (Schmitz 2016). I can also apply these ideas to nonindustrial markets not usually thought of as pervaded by monopoly, such as the objective question markets for essays hero professional services. Although these markets are made up of thousands of independent professionals, these professionals band together to act as a cartel, a monopoly composed of thesis objective many separate business entities. I will show that the problems of monopolylow productivity and the elimination of low-cost substituteshave permeated these markets as well. Indeed, the problems created by essays hero, these monopolies are particularly pernicious because they limit the supply of question low-cost substitutes for high-priced professional services.
For example, lawyers limit the provision of inexpensive legal advice by paralegals, and dentists limit the provision of low-cost fillings by dental therapists. These limitations are not too harmful to music thesis idea the rich. But for those with low income, such restrictions make legal advice and dental care unavailable. They are priced out of the market. Again, the costs of monopoly are inflicted disproportionately on the poor. Subgroups in a monopoly are not necessarily adversaries. Indeed, they may act as allies when they try to eliminate competition from substitute products. Consider, for example, the dental industry. Question. There are many thousands of green analysis dentists, but they coordinate their actions through state dental associations.
While these associations may have some public benefit, such as continuing professional education, they also act like a cartel, finding ways to increase the price of their members’ services. They do so in a way that also increases the demand for their services. One service dentists provide is filling cavities. In many countries, dental nurses or dental therapists, as they are called, are trained to research provide these services, most often in school-based programs for children. Binding. 9 In the United States, dental therapists have been vigorously opposed by thesis question, dentists, with a few exceptions, including the bhp scholarship essay native villages of Alaska and the state of Minnesota.
The impact of these cartel restrictions is thesis, profound. Dental therapists require less training than dentists and so are able to provide basic services at a lower cost. Hourglass Essay. Blocking these mid-level providers significantly increases the price of filling cavities, and low-income people may be forced to go without basic dental care. The debate over dental therapists in objective research question the United States is not over. Since Minnesota authorized the hero licensure of dental therapists in 2009, Maine and Vermont have passed similar laws. A number of states are considering similar measures, despite stiff opposition from objective, state dental associations.
The laws often require that dental therapists work under the direct supervision of dentists, ostensibly for the protection of patients, but the arrangement also protects dentists from competing directly with dental therapists operating independently. In most health markets, monopolies restrict or kill low-cost substitutes. For example, in the hearing aid industry, audiologists, who have Ph.D.s, often put tremendous entry restrictions on hearing aid fitters. The fitters are less skilled, but are perfectly capable of most work. Again, the fried tomatoes character poor are hurt by objective research question, this. This same analysis applies to many other types of tomatoes analysis essay services.
Lawyers introduce statutes to prevent the “unlawful practice of law.” Essentially, lawyers don’t allow anyone who is not a member of the bar to provide legal advice, so paralegals are not allowed to operate independently. Again, low-income people suffer the most from lack of access to objective lower-cost alternatives. In the construction industry, unions block the hero use of thesis question preassembled parts on of an exegetical essay construction sites. This eliminates a close substitute: factory assembly. Again, this hurts the poor the most, as they buy houses that use such materials. Schmitz (2016) provides many more industries and much more analysis. Adversaries and allies: Low productivity, few substitutes. U.S. Steel is thesis objective question, often cited as a classic example of a monopoly.
The company controlled a large share of the steel business and used this control to drive up prices. But it is also a good example of the bhp scholarship new theory, illustrating the bigger picture of the costs its monopoly imposes on objective question the economy. The monopoly’s subgroups act both as adversaries that reduce productivity and fried green tomatoes analysis essay, as allies that eliminate competition from substitute products. The U.S. Objective. Steel monopoly was composed of many subgroups, including shareholders, managers and hourly employees, as well as the ulu thesis binding United Steel Workers of America, the union that organized the thesis research question entire steel workforce. Bhp Scholarship. I’ll sometimes refer to the monopoly as the USS-USW monopoly. In some settings, these groups were fierce adversaries. In others, they were strong allies.
Consider their adversarial roles. Given that the monopoly was generating significant profits, at least at objective research question first, subgroups had an incentive to binding increase their share of the thesis objective research question pie and certainly to protect their share from other subgroups. The subgroups developed mechanisms to essay protect their share of profits, mechanisms that essentially committed the groups to not compete with each other. Unions and management agreed on restrictive work rules that helped to thesis research protect jobs, but led to inefficient production. Essay. Executives ignored technological innovations, such as continuous casting of steel, that could have produced steel at much lower cost, but would have disrupted the bargain between the firm and its workers. All of these compromises between adversaries harmed the company’s productivityand because the company so dominated the steel industry, the entire industry was less productive as a result. Next consider the subgroups in their roles as allies.
The competitive vacuum that allowed the objective research USS-USW monopoly to survive while being unproductive was no accident. Example Exegetical Essay. Indeed, it was a situation that USS-USW worked hard to create and maintain. The issue is not merely that U.S. Steel bought up and thesis objective, maintained control of competing steel companies within the United States, as monopolists always do, or that the USW successfully organized the idea entire steel workforce. Question. If subgroups USS and USW had done only those two things, they still would have faced significant competition from foreign firmscompetition that would have forced them to raise productivity and exegetical, take on new, better technology. But USS-USW used its political clout to lobby for thesis objective research question tariffs that protected it from foreign competition.
That is, U.S. Steel worked to restrict the binding output of foreign steel, a close substitute for steel made domestically. Objective Research Question. These restrictions meant that the demand for domestic steel was higher than it would have been otherwise, allowing U.S. Steel to increase its output, even as it increased prices. These artificially inflated prices injured any U.S. buyer of binding steelbe it a car manufacturer or an thesis question oil drillerand ultimately hurt the consumer. For decades, the hourglass essay theoretical understanding and thesis research, empirical analysis of monopoly have themselves been monopolized by hourglass essay, a dominant paradigmthat the costs of thesis objective monopoly are trivial. Thesis. This blindness to new theory and analysis has impeded economists’ understanding of the actual harm caused by monopoly. Rather than inflicting little actual damage, adversarial relationships within monopolies have significantly reduced productivity and thesis objective research, economic welfare. And in many industries, subgroups within monopolies collaborate to eliminate competition from low-cost substitutes. This lack of competition in hourglass essay the marketplace has a disproportionate impact on research question poor citizens who might otherwise find low-cost services that would meet their needs.
I’ve described this as a “new” theory, but in truth its roots go back decades, to the ideas of Thurman Arnold. Arnold ran the Antitrust Division at the Department of Justice from 1938 to 1943, taking aim at a broad range of green character targets, from automakers to Hollywood movie producers to the American Medical Association. 10 He argued that lack of competition reduced productivity and that monopolies crushed low-cost substitutes, hurting the poor. Arnold supported his arguments through intensive real-world research. He and thesis research question, his staff undertook detailed investigations of monopolies, examining the on-site operations of many industries and documenting the productivity losses and destruction of substitutes caused by monopoly. Arnold began his work at a pivotal timein the midst of the Great Depression, just after the United States had experimented with the cartelization of its economy. Faith in competitive markets had reached such a low that cartels and monopolies were thought to be, perhaps, better alternatives. His work and ideas played a big role in reinvigorating confidence in competitive markets. He mounted an hourglass essay aggressive campaign to research protect society from monopoly.
The campaign had two parts: forceful prosecution of monopoly through the courts, accompanied by an array of speeches and articles to a tragic educate the objective general public about its costs. Economists gradually forgot Arnold and his ideas, convinced by Harberger’s empirical work and the introspection of economists, leading to, for example, the logic provided by Stigler and others. Scholars and idea, regulators who studied monopolies focused on prices alone and found little to worry about. But as shown by the research reviewed in this essayand an expanding body of empirical workthe problems caused by monopoly are significant, and still pervasive. My hope is that this paper will open a new era of objective discussion about monopoly and its costs, and ultimately lead policymakers to encourage greater competition for the benefit of all. 1 The author thanks Ann Harrington for her valuable suggestions on the content and organization of tomatoes essay this essay. The views expressed here are those of the author, not necessarily those of others in the Federal Reserve System. 2 Schmitz (2016) contains more detailed discussion and references to the material in this article. 3 Stigler (1988) presents the familiar logic behind this assumption. 4 The history of this industry, and the rise and fall of monopoly in it, is beautifully described in Northrup (1990).
A quantitative analysis, on which the following discussion is based, can be found in thesis Dunne, Klimek and Schmitz (2016) 5 Quoted from the Voice (Oct. 1978, p. 86), a monthly publication of the CLGW union. 6 Machinery in the Finish Grind department was idle (broken) for longer than was necessary. Machines in a tragic other departments also may have had to thesis question be slowed. 7 Kiln fuel was being burned even if the plant was not able to produce cement.
8 For Thurman Arnold, who directed the othello a tragic hero Antitrust operations of the Justice Department from 1938 to 1943, size was not the decisive factor in determining a monopoly, but whether the monopoly reduced efficiency. Bridgman, Ben, Shi Qi, James A. Schmitz Jr. 2015. Objective Research. “Cartels Destroy Productivity: Evidence from the essays a tragic New Deal Sugar Manufacturing Cartel, 1934-74.” Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Staff Report 519. Dunne, Tim, Shawn Klimek, James A. Schmitz Jr. 2016. “Monopoly Stifles Productivity, Competition Spurs It: Evidence From Post WWII U.S. Cement Manufacturing.” Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Staff Report, forthcoming. Harberger, Arnold C. 1954. “Monopoly and Resource Allocation.” American Economic Review 44 (2): 77-87. Kolasky, William. Research. 2013. Hourglass Essay. “Thurman Arnold: An American Original.” Antitrust 27 (3): 91-92. Montgomery, Royal E. 1926. “The Landis Arbitration and Award.” University Journal of thesis objective research question Business (University of Chicago Press) 4 (3): 260-93.
Northrup, Herbert R. 1990. Example Of An Exegetical. “From Union Hegemony to Union Disintegration: Collective Bargaining in Cement and Related Industries.” Journal of Labor Research 11 (3): 360. Schmitz, James A. Jr. 2016. “The Costs of Monopoly are Large and Inflicted Disproportionately on thesis objective question the Poor.” Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Staff Report, forthcoming. Stigler, George J. 1988. Memoirs of an Unregulated Economist . Essay. University of Chicago Press.
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a good person essay We all want to be good, but it's not easy. If you ask an evil person and a good person the question, same question: Are you a good person?, who do you think is more likely to say, I'm good? The good one or the evil one? The evil one! He could kick his own mother in the stomach and still think he's good.
You say, That's terrible! How could you do such a thing? He rationalizes and says, You don't understand. Green Character! She asked me to take out the garbage. If I do it, who knows what else she'll ask for next? This could go on forever! As for the good person, he takes out the garbage.
But if you would then tell him, I see you're a good person, he says, No, I'm really not so good. Thesis Objective Research Question! Didn't you notice that while I was taking out the thesis, garbage I kicked my mother in the stomach? What are you talking about? I was watching and research you didn't kick your mother in bhp scholarship essay the stomach! Well, I didn't actually kick her. But I was grumbling as I carried out the garbage. I wanted my mother to feel bad. I was in the middle of research question, a good book, and if I don't register my protest, who knows she might ask me to do it again tomorrow!
Do you see the difference? The evil person will always say he's right. He doesn't bother trying to essays be good, so he never feels a struggle. He just assumes he's good. Whereas the person who really tries to be good knows how tough the job is. And he's always striving for thesis objective research a higher level. There's a third type: The fully righteous person, the thesis, Tzaddik. He takes out the research, garbage and says, It's my pleasure, Mom. You work so hard to take care of us. So thank you for the opportunity to express my appreciation! The struggle to do good stems from the two conflicting inclinations in every human being.
A person has two hearts: one that loves to binding do the objective research question, right thing, and one that prefers to hourglass essay be selfish. You need to thesis objective research develop an awareness of the struggle going on inside you. Bhp Scholarship! For example: • You want to thesis use your time effectively, versus you feel like procrastinating. • You want to eat healthily, versus you feel like chocolate cake. • You want wisdom, versus you feel like watching TV. One heart loves to do the right thing. The other prefers to be selfish. Example Essay! Want is for thesis objective research question permanence. Hourglass Essay! It is rooted in reality.
Desire is for thesis objective the moment, with little regard for future consequence. It is an escape. This conflict is between your body and your soul. Your eternal soul seeks permanence. It wants to do all the right things: to love humanity, seek justice, be altruistic, sensible, honorable and ulu thesis binding responsible.
Your soul strives to fulfill its potential. Meanwhile, your body, which is destined for objective research the grave, seeks satisfaction for the moment. Drawn by comfort and effortlessness, it wants to eat, to sleep, to lust. You know it's not right to refuse to take out the garbage, and hourglass essay your heart really wants to be good. But your other heart, the thesis, heart of desire, would rather stay inside where it's warm, reading a book in hourglass essay comfort. Even as you're reading this, your soul is nudging you: Pay attention this will make me great! But your body contradicts: All this hard work and concentration is too painful. I was doing just fine the way I was before! With every decision, the objective research question, two hearts clash and create a dilemma. With every decision, the two hearts clash and create a dilemma.
To be triumphant in the battle to be good, you have to focus on your innate desire to be good. Remind yourself each morning that you want to be good, and don't let that consciousness lay fallow. Music Thesis Idea! Make it part of your mindset, and you'll see an observable effect throughout your day. You'll make more mature and effective decisions. Distinguish Between the thesis, Two Hearts. It can be very confusing to sort out that which we desire from that which we want. Ask someone: Which is more important to example exegetical essay you happiness or money?
I'd rather be happy. Just give me basic food, clothing and research shelter and then I'll gladly take a lot of happiness! After all, what kind of fool wants to be a miserable millionaire? Okay, give me a week and I guarantee to show you how to be happy. Well, that's an interesting offer.
Maybe one day I'll consider it. Okay, I'll make you a deal: After one month, if you've increased your happiness, I'll give you a bonus of $10,000. Now watch that guy run to you! Why? Which is more important to him happiness or money? Of course, happiness is more important. But that's just the intellectual understanding of the soul. Essays Othello! On the other hand, the body is distracted by the sight of those green stacks of thesis, bills! Bodily desire confuses our thinking.
Materialism can look so attractive that we become deluded into thinking that's what we really want! Unless you make the effort to distinguish between your wants and your desires, and to clarify which aspect is influencing your actions, then you're likely to lose valuable opportunities to accomplish your goals. Get in touch with what the conflict is by asking two simple questions: What do I want to fried green tomatoes character analysis essay do, versus what do I feel like doing? What you want to do is usually the right thing, whereas what you feel like doing is often what is the most comfortable thing. The alarm clock goes off in the morning.
You want to research get out of bed and start your day. But you probably feel like hitting the snooze button, and sleeping late. It's a tug of war. Getting out of bed becomes a moral dilemma! Whether you win and example of an exegetical essay or lose depends upon which voice is the loudest at the moment of decision: the voice of want, or the voice of desire. Once you're aware of the conflict and remember that you're struggling, you're able to listen more carefully to the voice of the good heart, and dismiss the thesis objective question, voice of the selfish heart. Ulu Thesis Binding! A proper definition of good is the starting point of everything you do in life. Obviously you can't just invent your own definition of thesis question, what good is. You have to investigate reliable sources, and then analyze which one best describes the human condition and reality.
Be careful! If you don't work out the definition for yourself, you'll end up with someone else's idea of good! You don't want to be 20 years down the hourglass essay, road and objective question realize you bought a bad package. Analysis Essay! Unless you work out the definition, you'll end up with someone else's idea of good! In Gaza, the definition of good may be someone whose willing to objective strap a bomb to his belly and detonate it in a crowded Israeli market. A common Western definition of good is financial success. People become pulverized by depression because they're not successful.
What's wrong with me, I can't get a job! I must be bad. Essay! Get me a therapist! This feeling carries into objective question the way we consume. Our CD collection, our carpets, our fancy cars are one part convenience, two parts status. We want to show off that we fit society's idea of good. Bhp Scholarship Essay! (Politely, of course, so people shouldn't think we're barbarians!) Always ask yourself: Am I defining good as that which looks good to the fast-food-Internet-Hollywood segment of society, or am I defining good as that which has real meaning, a deep message, and makes a valuable contribution to society? If we don't keep up our guard, then we could end up like those rich-and-famous who are hooked on drugs and plagued by thesis question, depression. Why is the of an exegetical essay, typical image of a movie-star one who is embroiled in legal disputes, can't keep a marriage together, and spends countless hours in psychoanalysis? In Judaism, the objective question, definition of good is found in the Torah. It spells out how a good person acts toward his friends, family, and society as a whole.
So keep your definitions straight. And be careful. Society's definition could end up being your death sentence. Stand By Your Definition. Once you get your definition down, then you have to stick with it wherever you go, no matter what you do. Others will always try to change your definition of good, especially when it makes them feel bad about themselves. But you must stand by your own definition, even when others mock you for doing so.
Why does someone play Russian roulette? Because he's afraid of being jeered, of being called a coward. But who's the real coward? The one without the bhp scholarship essay, courage to question stand up to example exegetical essay those jeers! In the end, instead of living as a coward, he dies as a coward! The ultimate irony: perception defeats reality! Don't let go of what you know. Being Good Is More Important Than Life Itself. Imagine you're a successful surgeon.
You're famous, you're rich, you have a beautiful spouse and objective marvelous kids. You're president of your synagogue, and you've just been nominated to receive an honorary doctorate from Harvard University. Example Exegetical! Life is grand! Now you're traveling through the Far East with some friends. One night, while your friends are out at a movie, the Secret Police come to your hotel room and research say, Your friends have been identified as dangerous spies. Tell us where they are or we'll kill you! Uh-oh. What do you do? Of course, turning over your friends is a terrible thing to do. On the essays a tragic hero, other hand, you don't want to die and thesis question nobody will ever know you finked on bhp scholarship, your friends. (The Secret Police certainly won't advertise the episode!) You can still be a successful surgeon, still have your beautiful family, still be rich and famous and still make it home in time for the Harvard graduation!
Nobody will ever know you finked on your friends. Thesis Objective Research Question! Now let's up the ante. Hourglass Essay! What if the thesis research, Secret Police asked you to kill 1,000 children? Kill 1,000 children and you can go back to the States to your beautiful life. Do you think you'd ever be able to do such a thing? No. We simply don't have what it takes to be evil. (And even if you could bring yourself to music kill the children. you'd probably go back home and shoot yourself.) This scenario reveals something very deep in the makeup of every human being: Being good is so important that we'd even be willing to die for it. Thesis Research Question! Even though this scenario is a bit extreme, it elucidates a crucial principle: If you are willing to give up your life to green tomatoes analysis be good, then there can be no higher goal in living than being good! Now go out and live for it!
Harness that force within you! Pursue wisdom to understand how to be good. Make goodness your goal in research question living. Be willing to bhp scholarship give up everything. Others might call you a fool, but you always win when you do the right thing. You're not doing anyone any favors by being good, you're simply doing what the inner you wants. Every Human Wants to be Great. Our desire to be good is really just the thesis, tip of the iceberg.
Actually, all of us strive to hourglass essay go beyond good and become great. Nobody wants to be average. Try saying, I want to be a mediocre. You can't get the thesis research question, words out! Because we want to example of an essay be great, not just good.
Would you want to be the person to discover the cure for cancer or eliminate the thesis objective research question, threat of nuclear war? Of course! We would all love to rid the world of it's problems and unite humanity in peace and harmony. That is the Jewish concept of the Messiah. He will put the world back together. I once asked a class, Tell me honestly.
In the hourglass essay, secret, innermost part of your heart, do you harbor the desire to be the Messiah himself? The entire class raised their hands. Thesis Question! Now here's a deep spiritual secret: The soul, the divine spark within each of us, craves to music thesis idea be united with the source of thesis objective research, all life the Almighty God. Essays Hero! And for that reason, every human being, underneath it all, would not even feel satisfied being the research, Messiah. Our soul desires to be like God Himself.
So why don't we aim for green character essay it? Not because we don't want to change the world. But because the objective question, effort seems too great. The Torah, our Instructions for Living, provides a way to work toward this. One of the 613 mitzvot is to be like God, to emulate His ways. Of An! We each have the potential to make a significant contribution to society. The Sages teach that everyone is supposed to say, The whole world was made for me! This does not mean that you can plunder the property of others. Rather, every individual is objective research responsible for the world.
Act accordingly you're here to bhp scholarship straighten it out. It's a lot hard work. But it's what we truly seek. And in the process, you're going to become not just good, but great! What Can I Do About It? Ask any young person today: What are the chances of a worldwide atomic war within the next 20 years? You'll get a range of answers.
Some will say 90%, some 20%. Question! So what are you going to do about essays a tragic it? Me? What can I do about it? The president is in charge! But I'm only one person. Who am I? In Judaism, we say that if you knew the Almighty Himself was helping you, what would you do about it? Well, here's good news: God is behind you.
God says, If you try, I'll help you. I want you to straighten out the research, world. Judaism says it's an obligation to become great. That is our national mission of Tikkun Olam, of repairing the world. If we shirk our responsibility, we'll have to essays othello answer for objective question it one day. In Judaism, there's no giving up. You want to be great, you can be great, and you have to be great. So get out there and fried analysis slug. Harness your powerful desire for greatness. It's leading you whether you like it or not. Make the right effort, and God will certainly help you achieve.
January 11, 2000. Question! Rabbi Noah Weinberg, of blessed memory, was the dean and founder of Aish HaTorah. For 50 years, his visionary educational programs brought hundreds of fried tomatoes character, thousands of Jews closer to their heritage. More Articles by thesis objective research, Rabbi Noah Weinberg: How to Really Grow During the Month of Elul. No one can help you grow unless you take responsibility for yourself. Hourglass Essay! Understanding why and how prayer works.
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Media’s Projection of Family Image: a Lack of Spectrum. of Family Image: A Lack of Spectrum. Family , a word that automatically conjures images and feelings in any person’s mind. Thesis Research Question! Every person has a family of green tomatoes analysis, some sort, and at the same time they have a mental image of what a family represents. The high level of thesis research question, emotion connected to the word “ family ”, along. Happy Feet: It’s OK to exegetical essay, be different Ina country filled with many different nationalities, you would think that being different would be no big deal, but it is. We believe that everyone should look, act, and talk the same way and we treat them differently if they don’t.
In the movie Happy Feet. Family Assessment Gifford Nielson Brigham Young University-Idaho Family Assessment Identifying Data This family comes from a religious family that has had the thesis question, same religion for four generations now and the family holds strong to the beliefs of the importance of fried green tomatoes analysis, family and religion. The father. How to Manage a Family Keeping your family in order seems impossible when you have to question, bare seeing the same people everyday. The fact that each one of those people have their own special way of annoying you is just a bonus to your misfortune. Binding! Still, the house is actually pretty easy to handle once. Complications of Family Identities. example, the thesis, death of Ona.
She was dating a man named Osvaldo, trying to Ascend out of Chinatown, and her family . Hourglass Essay! Osvaldo was always taking Ona outside of Chinatown, granting her freedom from her family and the town. Even though she was with her boyfriend, she never felt comfortable, as stated on page 170. Henry Louis Mencken: “Puritanism Is the Haunting Fear That Someone, Somewhere, May Be Happy.” Henry Louis Mencken: “Puritanism is the haunting fear that someone, somewhere, may be happy .” Puritans first stepped off the Mayflower and onto the shores of the thesis research, New World in 1630. Many historians accuse Puritans of being religiously intolerant, harsh, reactionary bigots.
However, the example exegetical essay, Puritans are. American Families and research question the Nostalgia Trap” (1993) The period from the late 1970s until the early 1990s was one of example of an exegetical, sharp economic setbacks in a series of regions and industries, followed by economic and cultural recoveries that excluded many Americans and research left even the winners' feeling anxious and. hypothetical group that is mentioned. Politicians have a job to keep, and they keep their job by pandering to the people, and hourglass essay keeping as many people as happy as possible for as long as possible, which is thesis objective not grounds for progress. Hourglass Essay! There is research question always more talk about how we have a problem, than about how we can. rupees, and euros does make any human on earth happy but have we ever thought of othello a tragic hero, smallest things on this planet that can make us even happier? We never do, right? We always look at the bigger picture “Money is Honey”. Thesis Objective Research Question! On road walking and you suddenly see a small dirty child walking to you with that bullet. wishes of other.
Families who immigrated to the United States from other countries don’t easily merge with the American life. That would directly affect the lives of their children who grew up in the United States. I was one of ulu thesis binding, those people who practically grew up in this country but my family with their old. How does charles dickens portray the cratchit family in '' A Christmas Carol'' How does Dickens portray the Cratchit family ? What part does this family play in Dickens's intentions for question this novel? In Victorian times there was a big gap between middle and ulu thesis lower working class.
The working day was 12-hours long, but during the winter the days were shorter because if the shorter. A New Measure of Well-Being from a Happy Little Kingdom. something about progress and public welfare. The gross domestic product, or G.D.P., is thesis objective question routinely used as shorthand for the well-being of a nation But the ulu thesis, small Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan has been trying out a different idea. In 1972, concerned about the problems afflicting other developing countries that. Analysis of Income Influence on Single Family House Price in thesis objective, Denmark. Financial Management programme 1st semester 2009 Methodology Project [pic] Analysis of income influence on single family house price in Denmark The report has been prepared by group 3: Supervisors: Delivery date: 29 October 2009 Number of words: 1.904 TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface. Traditional Family Modern Family New Family Models The Modern Nuclear Family THE MODERN NUCLEAR FAMILY The nuclear, isolated, or restricted family is not a recent phenomenon, but has existed in fried green analysis essay, many cultures throughout human history. Indeed, the thesis question, extended family of several. presents, the impact of autonomy on how well people can cope with challenges and policies and legislation that impact the life cycle of individuals and families . Essays Othello A Tragic Hero! It is important to thesis objective, understand the way these concepts can impact the lives of everyone so that human service professionals can best meet clients where.
“ Family culture is a unique way that a family forms itself in terms of rules, roles, habits, activities, beliefs, and other areas” (“What is of an exegetical essay family culture?”, 2002). The perception of objective, family is an aspect of family culture; this includes the interactions within the thesis idea, family and with others. Some of these. ?What is the thesis objective question, family ? The Office for National Statistics define the family as: “a family is a married, civil partnered or cohabiting couple with or without children, or a lone parent with at example of an exegetical essay, least one child. Objective! Children may be dependent or non-dependent” (2011) – this is also known as a kinship group. . Happy Country Having a happy country means living with the happy people. Happy Country is my ideal place to live where all the essay, people are my friends and enemies seems just don't exist. It is thesis objective research question My ideal Vacation place where you can't bring your problems in. Happy Country is the bhp scholarship, ultimate goal of every Nation. jobs, extended families , three schools, chorus, girl scouts, art lessons, bare walls that need paint, boxes in research question, the garage, and one very important person that brings home the money that pays for it all.
It took a long time to figure out that there is one person we should all ensure is happy . I used to. About a Boy the hourglass essay, Theme of Families. Families Essay Plan The theme of families can be seen as significant throughout the novel because it is one of the main factors that brings all the thesis objective research question, characters together and defines them. Marcus and Will meet lots of families that are all different but at the same time are all dysfunctional. Marcus. day. The rest of the day is hourglass essay water. How often does your family seek dental care?
My children and I visit the thesis objective research question, dentist every six months for a cleaning. My husband has cleanings every 3 months due to of an essay, having soft teeth. How often do family members have bowel movements? Urinate? Me: Varies but once. ancestors during family gatherings and just a passing mention of the home countries of my parent’s grandparents, which are Ireland and Poland. Thesis Research! My reflection on fried green tomatoes character, this lack of knowledge attributes the cause of it to a couple motives both having emotion as a base. The matrilineal half of my family arrived in the. WHAT A HAPPY ENDING By Antoinette Bryant – Pugh On the objective research question, 27th of August 2005 the hourglass essay, city of New Orleans was in a mandatory evacuation state. I worked for a major airline that informed use to gather our families and proceeded to the airport for evacuation.
continue their lives without desires. If one wants to be happy , surely, he has to discover his best desires that provide him a happy life. Some of these desires that help to continue our lives can be acceptance in thesis research question, our relationships, a good family life and fried green tomatoes character essay strong social relations. Trying to satisfy these. manage to thesis research question, make your wife even 60 per cent happy ? My research shows that there are two types of husbands ---- the hourglass essay, ‘Ganeshjee type’ and the ‘Gobar Ganesh Type’. The ‘Ganeshjee type’ husbands think big (big head), listen more (big ears), ask fewer questions ( small mouth), honest (lotus), use nice words. Hardships of the Irish Family The hardships experienced by families have been the focus of many cinematic depictions of Irish history. After the Republic of Ireland was partitioned, families were forced to endure civil war, religious pressure, depression, poverty, and more. Surviving and persevering. The differences of family education between China and America.
[Abstract] The family education is thesis objective research related to fried green essay, a person''s life. Nowadays, social development needs high qualified talents and good family education is the key point to the high qualified talents. Because of the different social systems, culture backgrounds, education aims and so on, family education for. Dear American Family , Words cannot express how excited I am to thesis, be studying abroad! The only thing that will be more exciting about this experience will be meeting you. My name is Nurhani Yasmeen binti Mohd Zainan. I’m just an ordinary person who has an extraordinary ambition. That is “GO ABROAD”. Fried Character Essay! My.
FAMILY HARMONY By K.Vishnukumar Introduction: Family is a beautiful discovery of thesis research question, human evaluation and a prize given by the ancient people to the mankind. Living together is some thing special when the real sprits exist in the family . The Tamil proverb “ A good family is like. Vacation: Provinces of Vietnam and Family. Where do you go in this summer holiday? If you can't decide, I will share with you a place where I had the memoable with my family . Exegetical Essay! It's Nha Trang city. Nha Trang is a beautiful city. The weather is thesis objective quite hot but the beach is very nice. In the morning, my brother and me usually ride a bicycle around.
mother came running towards me, she was so happy . She started crying and essays a tragic hero gave me a tight hug. She said, I am so happy my child, you fulfilled my dream. May god bless you my dear. Objective Research! The whole atmosphere was fulfilled with joy. Essays Hero! My brother was feeling so happy and proud about me. Thesis! My dad was in the office;. Charater Analysis of the Families in Locked in Time and Tuck Everlasting. in Time The families in the books Tuck Everlasting and Locked in Time share many similarities, but they also share many differences. Both books have families that never grow old. The idea of living forever can seem like a wonderful thing, but has consequences that these families handle in very different.
Functionalist View of the Family Functionalist view of the family /2/2/98/P.Covington/Yellow 1995 Family Disc My family is my hobby respondent from hourglass essay, Goldthorpe’s study of Luton Car workers, 1968 Important Writers Tallcott Parsons George Peter Murdock Herbert Spencer Emile Durkheim Ronald. Through the thesis, last century’s the way people bring up there family have changed. In the past it used to music, be were the families were started at a very young age. Research! The women were getting married in there teen age years, while there were husbands where a few years older than them or five to even 15 years older. Happy Families Family is defined as the members of one’s household. Every household is run with different traditions, rules, and analysis values.
There are many different characteristics that make a happy family . Research! The top three characteristics I believe are important for a happy family are when children know. Marina Dart 10/03/2012 Period 4 HL English Family in In Cold Blood: IOP Essay In Cold Blood by example of an, Truman Capote is a nonfiction novel that documents the murders of the Clutter family in Holcomb, Kansas. It then follows the investigation of the crime as well as the murderers as they attempt to objective, flee the. Roots of the bhp scholarship essay, Family Tree Family structures and thesis research question the behavior of family members in general, are conditioned largely by structural influences rather than biology, psychology, or even culture. The traditional or “normal” family is essay anchored in thesis objective question, a male-dominated, white, middle-class assumption about society. Does family matter? Yes? family always matters.
It is necessary to have some sort of example exegetical, family structure in order to have a stable foundation. Research! This need for stability and structure is essays othello a tragic hero how the thesis research, family survives and the children find safety. In the movies The Godfather and Scarface we will discover how the. Project Management for Family Day. is a small company consist of 100 employees in bhp scholarship essay, total. To facilitate bonding between the employees and research their family and enhance relationships between co-workers, company ABC will make a family day that will be held in a tragic, Chinese Garden on 1st of July 2013. In this family day, employees and their family will.
the Western style easily. They work and question have their own family too, so they can visit us when they have time. Luckily, my grandchildren come to see us very often; my house is on the way to their office. Whenever the kids come, we are really happy to sit and chat or have dinner together. My health is.
Introduction: - Family violence is the most popular violent crime in vietnam. -The staggering number of ulu thesis binding, cases reported has indeed sky-rocketed over the years. -In fact, domestic violence is thesis research caused by misunderstanding among family members, work pressure and the influence from the green tomatoes character analysis, media which eventually. keep you on and avoid feeling bad. Thesis Objective Research Question! want you to know how much I appreciate you, so you never forget that I love you so much. I want you to be very happy . I hope you achieve all your goalsand objectives for your life, do not hesitate to ask me for anything you need to idea, achieve because I’m there to support.
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