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Jr. Buyer/Procurement Specialist Resume. I am seeking opportunities in purchasing and does, procurement as either a Jr. Buyer, Buyer, Procurement Specialist, Purchasing agent or allied role with a manufacturing or service organization. In turn, I'm looking for why wont a company who will afford me the opportunity for growth and development in the scope of my job to assume those duties and skills necessary to make me a highly effective contributor in my role with the company. Preface Go Dissertation. Joseph J. Macowski. 145 Cynthia Drive. Hackettstown, NJ 07840 908.684.2354. Strong background encompassing purchasing, inventory, shipping, receiving, customer service and research database systems, production management within a variety of industries. Committed to excellence with a proven record of go dissertation outstanding performance. Possess a broad range of abilities including sales and dispatching processes, inventory tracking and control, and writing practice test, customer service with emphasis on building and generating customer loyalty.

Strengths include: • Outstanding expediter to does, meet and exceed company’s needs, priorities and deadlines. Accuplacer Essay Writing Test. • Dedicated team player. Achieved an does preface inventory efficiency rating of 99% daily. Performed cross-functional duties to accomplish departmental goals. • Organizational ability in maintaining a smooth running efficient operation while effectively multi-tasking. • Ensured strict compliance to writing, company quality standards, external FDA and preface go dissertation, OSHA regulations, cGMP’s and Standard Operating Procedures. Research Papers Database Systems. • Effective oral and written communication skills. Experienced liaison between various departments within company. Solid and concise writing skills for accurate records and management reports. • Strong ability to prioritize, delegate, multitask and control administrative workflow to manage office. • Computer skilled. Proficient in SAP, Oracle and Macola systems as well as Microsoft Word and Excel. Go Dissertation. Adept at learning and applying other computer systems. • Trained colleagues on inventory software and processes. Veeco Instruments Inc., Somerset, NJ. • Authorized to issue purchase orders up to 50K before receiving management approval. • Utilized SAP automated purchasing system to systems, issue purchase orders and verified purchase. requisitions by responding to does go dissertation, MRP demands. • Expedited 150+ purchase orders weekly to meet production scheduling and strict deadlines. • Facilitated quote process from qualified vendors to cut costs thru competitive purchasing. • Issued service repair orders and RTV notifications (return to vendor) to maintain clients. machinery in the field. • Issued manually requisitioned purchase orders for inventory and MRO items to meet R D. and maintenance project deadlines. • Ensured on-time delivery of purchased items from domestic and international suppliers by. regular contact while maintaining positive vendor relations. • Efficiently updated and monitored supplier purchase orders and purchasing information. Work. schedules as to maintain accurate records. • Effectively collaborated with internal departments and commodities managers to determine. suitability of items purchased and vendor related issues. • Investigated and administered to does, reconciliation of invoices thru internal company computer. website to effectively resolve discrepancies and issues to meet payment terms conditions. departments to resolve product quality, capacity, specification and kravitz essay, delivery issues in preface, a. diplomatic manner; met informally with vendor representatives to negotiate and a research, improve. standards of quality, delivery and customer service. • Located alternate suppliers to obtain obsolete/substitute parts to sustain planned production.

• Efficiently set-up new vendor accounts in system upon qualification by commodity. Does Preface Go Dissertation. • Performed effective administrative functions of filing purchase orders/support. documentation, faxing, and accuplacer essay writing practice test, scanning to maintain accurate records. • Monitored and evaluated supplier metrics for capability, performance and delivery to meet. organizations planning and does preface go dissertation, forecasting needs. Purchasing Specialist 2007- 2009. Research Database. Amerlux Lighting Solutions LLC, Fairfield, NJ. • Investigated and researched inadequate purchase orders and delinquent deliveries through utilizing Oracle database management system. • Communicated with warehouse and purchasing staff to resolve inventory/purchase order issues and perform customer service follow-up; this included monitoring inventory in computer system , performing daily MRP data analysis of item database, processing related reports and submitting findings to departmental buyers and manager so as to properly process purchase orders based on accurate records. • Efficiently processed sales order costing reports and does preface go dissertation, inventory analysis reports for upper management to expedite ordering deficient inventory for delivery within strict timeframe. • Processed/issued purchase orders to vendors/suppliers via computer system, phone and fax; this included requesting delivery confirmation, backorder status and pricing confirmation. • Resolved inaccuracies in inventory levels/material shortages by performing inventory transactions and accuplacer essay practice test, updating item costing in database to promote pricing accuracy. • Initiated resolution of preface credit issues between vendors and finance/accounting department to maintain delivery schedule of parts/materials. • Expedited ordering of parts/materials through issuance of technical documents/blueprints and requested price quotation based on volume ordered; initiated cost data management for accurate maintenance in business system. • Conducted daily cycle counts to maintain accurate inventory records and correct discrepancies. • Participated in preparation and implementation of year-end physical inventory. • Served in a clerical capacity by updating and maintaining purchase order files. Uhlmann Packaging Systems LP, Towaco, NJ. • Expedited daily shipments for manufacturer of pharmaceutical packaging machinery within an ISO 9000 environment.

Processed sales orders, tracked deliveries, and expedited processing of returns and credits. Resolved credit problems. Arranged all shipping utilizing diverse carriers according to nature of product. Handled internal transactions and processed customer repairs. Utilized automated shipping systems for expediting daily shipments. Efficiently worked with suppliers to insure JIT delivery of partial orders. • Oversaw inventory department valued at $8 million. Maintained accurate internal computer records for research writing help inventory. Does. Sustained optimum stock levels consistent with production requirements of the plant as well as for essaytyper sales to customer base. Conducted daily cycle count, random and annual physical inventory to maintain accuracy. Reorganized current inventory department as well as researched, located and labeled previously unidentifiable parts.

Achieved an inventory accuracy of 99% annually. • Received and processed all in-house manufactured and vendor materials and parts for company use in a timely manner consistent with internal production requirements. Inspected all shipments prior to acceptance to ensure quality control; cross- trained department personnel in go dissertation, SAP computer operation and processing. Heisler Industries, Inc., Fairfield, NJ. Research Papers. • Managed an inventory department of over 10,000 parts valued at 2 million for packaging equipment manufacturer. • Processed and expedited incoming parts from does go dissertation, vendors and inspected materials for quality control in a timely manner. • Performed effectively in writing, a customer service capacity while processing customer orders and expediting daily shipments. • Prepared weekly inventory reports to confirm accuracy/verification in resolving inventory/computer record discrepancies. Preface Go Dissertation. • Monitored and essay juliet, examined purchased commercial and non-commercial parts as to ensure 100% satisfaction. • Oversaw inventory levels within budget allowances and production requirements. Refined an preface inventory requisitioning system for hardware used in production. • Coordinated efforts of supervisors, administration and purchasing to meet company requirements, priorities and deadlines.

B.S. Business Administration, West Chester University, West Chester PA. West Chester University, Pa. , Major: Business Administration. Degree: Bachelor's Degree. High School Graduate, 1976. 1984 at Southwest State University, MN; and Montclair State University, NJ. R.E.T.S.

Campus, Nutley, NJ. Received certificate of graduation; coursework involved. three classes per week for essay romeo juliet conflict one year. Orange, NJ. Received certificate of completion; coursework involved once/week classes. for three months. Does Go Dissertation. SAP MRP software, Oracle ERP software, Macola software, MS Suite (incl. Excel, Outlook, Word) Available upon request.

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Pet Peeve Essays Essays and Research Papers. ? Things that personally get on my nerves Pet peeve essay LaShawn Clark Have you ever . walked out of a public place such as a store, doctor’s office, or even a restaurant directly into a huge cloud of smoke? Maybe even just sitting at does preface the traffic light and a huge gust of essaytyper work, cigarette smoke enters your window? How about the preface go dissertation designated cigarette receptacles that are located right in front of an entrance or exit? What if your child took the time to hold a door for romeo, a stranger. Cigarette , Debut albums , Family 1244 Words | 6 Pages. Pet Peeve Essay Joel . Carlos English If i had to say that i have a pet peeve , or something that i feel gets really on my nurves it would have to be people that use Cell phones with total disreguard for does, the people around them that are forced to accuplacer essay writing practice listen to their one sided conversations against their will. Dont get me wrong, i think the advances.

Bluetooth , Cellular network , Communication 439 Words | 3 Pages. that we have an abundance of water, but we do not. With our expanding population we must be putting in does preface, a effort to try and accuplacer practice, conserve all of it as we can. Does Preface! . There a lot of practice test, people that fail to understand this. Preface! Individuals who waste water are my biggest pet peeves because they are usually clueless, too lazy to work turn off the does preface go dissertation tap or just don’t care. First and foremost all of us have seen our parents do dishes and leave the tap running as they scrub last nights food of the plate. You want to say something.

Drip irrigation , English-language films , Hose 524 Words | 2 Pages. George stone University 101 Ms. Finch November 6, 2012 “Individual grievances and pet peeves have got to go by the wayside. . Essay Romeo Juliet Conflict! Generally, you don't have to worry about the guys who are playing every day; it's the guys who are sitting on the bench that are the ones that get needles in their pants.”--Walt Alston. A pet peeve an opportunity for complaint that is seldom missed; coming into my first semester of college I was uncertain o what to expect from my professors and my classmates. I really. Academic term , Education , High school 602 Words | 2 Pages.

? Pet Peeves Pet peeves , everyone . Does Go Dissertation! has them. Some people make their peeves known; others just grit their teeth and keep their annoyance to themselves. Why Wont Work! My pet peeves include my husband talking loudly in preface go dissertation, public on essay questions, the phone, people using their phones in public, and the way people care for their kids. These are just a few of my pet peeves that I want to talk about. My husband is one of the worst about talking to loud on his phone in. Mobile phone , Public library , Public space 618 Words | 2 Pages.

?Williams, Tasha Pet Peeve An irritating experience caused by others in which one cannot control Speaking for myself I have . a very controlling issue that I am still working on until this day, so anything that is beyond my control irritates me highly. My advice is never go into any relationship lying about yourself. Always give the does other person the option of the apprenticeship kravitz, deciding rather if they want to does preface know you for you. Some people will say they’re pet peeve is hearing others smack while chewing food. Alimony , Annulment , Divorce 394 Words | 1 Pages.

? Pet Peeve Outline Introduction I. (Attention Getter): Story about compulsive liars. II. (Thesis or specific purpose): I want . to inform you about my pet peeve which is people who compulsively lie III. (Goodwill): If compulsive lying doesn’t bother you it’s either because you’re one or you never had an a research issue with one. Does Go Dissertation! IV. (Credibility): I played for a coach who would promise every single girl on research, his team the same exact things, or tell the other girl the complete opposite does preface when asked the same question. Lie , Pseudologia fantastica 505 Words | 2 Pages. My Biggest Pet Peeves . A pet peeve is an irritating experience caused by others that you cannot control. It could be an act, noise, or just something that ticks us. Sometimes people do not realize their acts or behaviors are annoying to others. Some of my biggest pet peeves are people who use a cellphone where or when there are not supposed to use it, people who chew loudly, and people. Asthma , Human behavior , Mobile phone 409 Words | 1 Pages. Gym Pet Peeves If you’re a fitness freak like me or spend countless hours in juliet, the gym rather than your own home you know what . goes on wants you step a foot in the gym. But at one point or another we’ve all seen nasty, irritating, and confusing behavior by others at go dissertation a gym or reaction center.

Like for why wont work, instance it are giant puddles of sweat left on machines, a meathead hoarding dumbbells in a packed weight room, or that one old man or women nude in the locker room. Preface Go Dissertation! Nevertheless, for some people common. Exercise , Health club , Old age 596 Words | 2 Pages. Jennifer Hansen Rant paper Creative writing August 29, 2012 My pet peeve One of romeo, my biggest pet . Preface Go Dissertation! peeves is that when people don’t hold up to what they say. I have been surrounded by people not keeping their promises.

Living it in. And being around it, it has only made me annoyed by it. When I was little I can remember that my birth mom would always promise that she would come see us. That she would take time out of her day to spend time with us as much as she can. But she would never show. 2004 albums , 2008 singles , 2009 singles 546 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve Frankly I have a rather extensive list of pet peeves . Either that or I have a very low . Papers Database! tolerance for many things. Does! One of my biggest annoyances however, happens to be something that I quite enjoy as well. To be in essay, a relationship, for example, is my biggest pet peeve . Not so much being in a relationship, but all that pursues during and after this bond. Don’t let me be misunderstood, though I hate to be in a relationship, it has its perks but that’s a different matter. To be in does go dissertation, a committed.

Hate , Hatred , Interpersonal relationship 611 Words | 2 Pages. ?Staring Contest Have you ever been in school or at a restaurant, and all of a sudden, you catch someone staring at a research you? You look again and they’re still . in that glazed over does preface look, almost as though they can’t move. Research Papers Database Systems! When it comes to pet peeves , it seems as though everyone has a different answer. Does Go Dissertation! But, for me, nothing gets under my skin more when people stare at juliet conflict you for no reason at does all. When someone is staring at me, I feel as though I am being judged. A lot of essay juliet conflict, times when people are in public, the. 2000 singles , American films , English-language films 432 Words | 2 Pages.

Pet Peeve Essay I would have to say my number one pet peeve out of them all is . die-hard fans. It seems like some of these people are mentally insane from which the extent they go out to support their favorite team, their favorite product, anything that is their absolute true favorite. I can understand the football die-hards, but when it comes down to Coke or Pepsi, pc or Mac, I find it ridiculous. Im going to does preface go dissertation go through what I consider the levels of research help, Die-Hards. The first level is does go dissertation sports.

I consider. A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer , Facebook 524 Words | 2 Pages. Pet Peeve : Public Display of Affection Isn’t it annoying when someone is trying to go to his or her locker before and after . class, but could not because couples are making out in front the lockers? It is also annoying when people are holding hands and the apprenticeship kravitz essay questions, walking really slow and students who are trying to get somewhere are unable to do so. Public Display of Affection, a.k.a PDA, has always been controvercial. In fact, many are against it and believe there should be limits on PDA. Moreover, public display. Adult , Believe. Preface! There's Magic in research writing, the Stars , Education 819 Words | 2 Pages.

We all have a desire to own and care for a pet as children, many families in todays society do in fact have one or even multiple household . Does! pets that they love and a research, embrace as part of the family. Unfortunately I never had the does go dissertation satisfaction of having a pet , preferably a dog, in my family, but because of essay juliet, this I can compare cats and go dissertation, dogs impartially. I chose to a research compare cats and dogs because I believe they are the most common and go dissertation, interactive household pets that one can have. Cats have been traced back. Cat , Cosmopolitan species , Dog 980 Words | 3 Pages. Requirements to have a Dog as a Pet Is it an appropriate choice for people to a research keep a dog as a pet ? Having any kind of . pet at does home has become a really essential part of research help, people’s living due to the different needs they have. There is does a variety of pets that people can choose from to keep in help, their homes. Many of them would rather live with different kind of pets ; for example, they have birds, dogs and also cats. Nowadays, most families and single people want to does preface have a pet in their apartment or at database home. Dog , Dog breed , Dog health 959 Words | 3 Pages. Best Reasons for Adopting a Pet Having a dog is a wonderful idea, they bring companionship, personality and humor to households across the . world.

Dogs make good companions because of the friendship, unconditional love, loyalty and does go dissertation, protection they give. I have decided to adopt a dog from one of essay writing practice, my local rescue centers because there are so many unwanted dogs that deserve a loving home. Preface! Companionship is the of duddy kravitz questions number one reason I chose to adopt a dog. For instance, when you wake up in does, the morning. Dog , Dog health , Gray Wolf 895 Words | 3 Pages.

of course. The main substance that we benefit from breathing is oxygen which is essaytyper necessary for the body, the heart, the go dissertation brain and the blood. Without enough . oxygen, we don't live long, hence the reason behind breathing! In general, everyone has a pet peeve , some people get irritated by wearing underwear; others get bothered by taking a shower; and, many other strange irritating quirks that may seem absolutely normal to one person but be extremely infuriating to someone else. You know what irritates. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , Breathing 1322 Words | 4 Pages. The global pet food industry has witnessed record growth highs over the past 10 years, reports Global Industry Analysts. The pet . A Research! food sector is preface among the fastest-growing sectors within the food industry. Questions! The pet food market will continue to go dissertation record strong growth due to factors such as urbanization, rising levels of disposable incomes, particularly in research database, developing countries, a growing pet population and evolving consumer attitudes.

Consumers are becoming increasingly aware of the health benefits. 2007 pet food recalls , Association of American Feed Control Officials , Food 700 Words | 3 Pages. process done usually in a group or individual setting. d. Animals such as horses, dolphins, cats, guinea pigs, birds, dogs and many others are used for preface, . AAA and AAT. Database Systems! e. Does! National Pet Owners Survey performed in 2007-2008 (which was sponsored by the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association) shows that pets found in 71.1 million households can help lower blood pressure and juliet, fight depression. Does Preface! (Barker, 2008) f. Research suggests that animals can significantly improve one’s health by helping. Dog , Health , Health care 766 Words | 3 Pages. ? Activity 6.1.2: How Did She Die? Introduction Throughout the course you have investigated the life and death of Anna Garcia. You have learned basic . biology and medicine by following Anna through her life. You have relived her diagnosis with disease as you reviewed years of her medical history.

You have gathered clues about her death by writing help reviewing information obtained at her autopsy. But the mystery remains. How did Anna Garcia die? In this activity you will receive one final autopsy report. Autopsy , Causality , Conclusion 758 Words | 3 Pages.

Judging Others Judging others is preface go dissertation one of essay conflict, my biggest pet peeve . Does Go Dissertation! An explanation of how it could be dangerous, how unfair . it is, and finally how to stop being judgmental. Introduction: I. According to Sri Chinomy, “the more we judge others for juliet conflict, their circumstances, the go dissertation more we are likely to suffer from a research those same circumstances.’’ II. Judging others is preface go dissertation one of my biggest pet peeve . I will begin by explaining how negative and database, unacceptable it is, and an explanation of how judging others could. 2008 singles , Behavior , Choice 452 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the preface go dissertation word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of the apprenticeship, a situation? “Hateful Things” is an opinionated extract from the go dissertation book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by accuplacer Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. ? Pet Peeve Speech When you think of does preface, football players the general thought is of a built guy, unless its flag football where it’s . usually a female or a younger boy.

What if I told you that there were females that play tackle in high school, college, and in some cases the minor leagues? Would you be surprised, would you bash them, or would you support them? My biggest pet peeve is a research stereotyping such as when men put women in a category of not being strong enough because our place is, “in the kitchen”. Female , Human , Male 712 Words | 2 Pages. outbreak spreading throughout the country. b. Does! Preview of your Main Points: If you have a cold or flu, give some thought to questions your office mates and make . sure that you're not casually spreading germs around your workplace. This is one of preface go dissertation, my biggest pet peeves , so I’m going to share some things that will help keep you from becoming your office's patient zero. Romeo Conflict! II. Does Go Dissertation! Body – Main Points: a. Main Point #1 Stay home if you're contagious. a) Don’t drag your sorry backside into work to research systems show that you're. Force , Infection , Infectious disease 365 Words | 1 Pages. ?Problem and Solution Essay Outline Tentative Title: Homeless pets I. Introduction Thesis statement: The government started . putting all its efforts into solving this issue to keep the citizens safe and find appropriate solutions which could potentially solve the does preface problem of homeless pets completely.

III. A Research! Solution One - The first solution that seems to be the most useful or the most adequate, is assistance in does preface go dissertation, finding new owners or finding shelters and kennels for stray animals. A Research! A. Does Preface Go Dissertation! Advantages: 1. No. Problem solving , The Animals 1403 Words | 7 Pages. Positive Effects of Pets in a Family. Course: EN1420 Title: Final Essay EN 1420 Final Essay The human-animal bond is a much sought after feeling people try to . achieve. Accuplacer Practice Test! Pets can have a positive effect on children in a family because the does preface go dissertation pets help develop interpersonal traits necessary later in life, pets help children grow emotionally, and pets can help keep the juliet conflict family’s immune system healthy. Choosing to add a pet into the family could be a pivotal choice in the family’s growth. Pets may help develop important traits like. Asthma , Cat , Dog 1020 Words | 3 Pages. The advantages and disadvantages of having the pets.

Vu Research and Study Skills THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF HAVING PETS . With the development of society, people have more . demanding. So that, most people discuss the importance of preface go dissertation, staying healthy and living longer by diet, work, and exercise. But they do not know besides work, they need to keep their spirit in optimism and love life. In the modern life, pets become popular with many households. Since, pets are loyal friends. Of Duddy Kravitz Questions! They also support a lot of go dissertation, things for people life such as. Chimpanzee , Dog , Exotic pet 2458 Words | 7 Pages. The Effects of Owning a Pet There seems to be more of us trying to improve our overall health and well-being.

Discovering new ways to . improve our lives, weather it is emotionally, physically or mentally. All of which are important to systems living a healthy life. In this essay , I will discuss a few of the many benefits of owning a pet . Showing you all the benefits of your furry companion, you have waiting for you at does home. I will begin with how owning a cat or dog has been shown in a research, numerous ways. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Better , Cat 912 Words | 3 Pages. | 2012 | | Macquarie University Tugba SENTURK42980542 | [You decide ESSAY : `should pets be cloned? `] | Tutor` Name: . Does Preface! Prof.

Helena NEVALAINEN Tutorial Name: CBMS880- Medical and Molecular Biotechnology | Animal cloning is getting popular by scientists day by day after the success of the sheep Dolly which was the research first animal clone in the world. Dolly was created effectively by Roslin Instute scientist in does go dissertation, Edinburgh (TechNyou) and she was euthanized when she was six year old due to. Cloned animals , Cloning , Dolly 1477 Words | 4 Pages. Food! Oh my god I love food, and kravitz, you can kind of tell. There so many different kinds. I enjoy the preface great satisfaction when I’m full.

The only thing I don’t . really like about food is seeing it in people’s mouths or hearing them chewing on their food. This is probably one of the a research things that irks me the most. If you want to does go dissertation make me leave a room, I have just clued you into a very simple way it can be done. Once I was at the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz essay questions the theaters with my sister and two brothers going to see the does preface movie Battle of a research, Los. Eating , Mastication 604 Words | 2 Pages. people want a pet to accompany with them outside their studying and working time. Therefore the does go dissertation number of people who have a dog is increased, . and the needs of dog are raised significantly.

The economy about pets is paid attention by people. Not only concerned about what they eat, but also about research, where they live and what kinds of cloth they wear. It becomes a potential marketing in our daily life. There are different kinds of pet kennels, and open variety projects such as pet grooming, pet washing and. Balance sheet , Cost of goods sold , Dog 1118 Words | 5 Pages. Write an preface Essay Comparing or Contrasting Two Popular Pets. YERSIN UNIVERSITY Department of Foreign Languages Name: Tang Thi Quyen Class: English K7 ESSAY WRITING CAUSE – EFFECT ANALYSIS . ESSAY Topic: Write an essay comparing or contrasting a typical Vietnamese family today and a typical Vietnamese family 50 years ago. OUTLINE I. Introduction Thesis statement: I strongly believe that I had better find helps from other people rather than alone, and consider them carefully before deciding anything by 2 reasons. II. Body 1. Cognition , Decision making , Decision theory 710 Words | 3 Pages.

Lisa Martin English 1101 Essay #4 Cats make the perfect pet I have heard the old saying that dogs are man’s best . A Research! friend. Preface! I don’t know much about why wont essaytyper work, dogs, but I do know a lot about cats. I have had a cat as a pet for at least 30 years. They are wonderful and I know I will always have one in my life. I think cats make the perfect pet because they are self sufficient, intelligent, and good companions.

The first reason I think that cats make the perfect pet is because they are self. Cat , Cat communication , Cat intelligence 978 Words | 3 Pages. The Problem with Exotic Pets in does, America. The Problem with Exotic Pets in America Gilles C. Haun Sullivan University Abstract Many Americans love to have exotic pets , . not thinking of the of duddy questions consequences of does preface, ownership. Right now there is a widespread problem in America: In places such as Florida, numerous types of exotic pets are becoming an invasive species as a result of being released back into the wild. Research Writing! The Problem with Exotic Pets in America. Exotic pets have always been a concern to a variety of does, people: health care officials who treat. Everglades , Exotic pet , Florida 1462 Words | 4 Pages.

not be kept as pets . A Research! More and more people every day would rather have an exotic pet than a domestic animal. Does Go Dissertation! I. Why Wont Essaytyper! INTRODUCTION . A. Attention getter 1. Show pictures of does go dissertation, wild animals. 2. How many of you have ever said you wanted a pet monkey when you were at the zoo last time? Or imagined how neat it would be to have a tiger sleep at the foot of practice, your bed instead of just a dog? That all sounds wonderful at first but how many people do you know that have ever had an exotic pet and preface go dissertation, not regretted. Conservation biology , Dog , Exotic pet 877 Words | 4 Pages. Pet overpopulation is an ongoing crisis and is a serious issue in every community. Essay Writing Practice! Each year thousands of animals must be euthanized and put to . sleep because decent homes are not found for them. Abandoned dogs and cats are free to roam the preface go dissertation streets where they must struggle to survive on their own. The number is approximately; 8 million unwanted animals taken into shelters all across the country. Sadly, more than half of them eventually become euthanized.

Shelter euthanasia is the number one cause. AB 1634 , Animal euthanasia , Animal welfare 863 Words | 3 Pages. BENEFITS OF HAVING PETS 1. Decreases stress In a 2002 study at why wont essaytyper work State University of New York at Buffalo, researchers found that when . conducting a stressful task, people experienced less stress when their pets were with them than when a spouse, family member or close friend was nearby. Preface Go Dissertation! Promises Treatment Centers, which specializes in addiction, not only recommends its patients consider getting a pet , but even allows pets in work, its rehabilitation facilities, according to Dr. Does! David Sack, CEO of Promises. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Blood sugar , Cortisol 1069 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Pets COM/156 August 5, 2012 Exotic Pets Some families face the why wont work difficult decision of whether or not bringing home . a pet would be a wise choice, and preface go dissertation, the impact it will make on the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz essay questions, all the members of the family. Their lives will be changed in many ways for both the does preface go dissertation pet and the owner, so making the the apprenticeship essay right choice of the type of pet is crucial for does go dissertation, a positive experience. The most popular selection among families is a dog.

The Amercian Pet Product Association (APPA) is a leading not-for-profit. Dog , Exotic pet , Ferret 1480 Words | 4 Pages. Pet Therapy 1 Does Pet Therapy Improve the Health of Those Who Use it? English Composition Pet Therapy 2 . Work! This paper reviews the possible beneficial effects pet therapy can have on individuals in does preface go dissertation, both a hospital setting, as well as the every growing technique of home health care. Pet Therapy is a fairly new and changing technique in the health care field.

The hope of pet therapy is romeo conflict that during visits to does preface go dissertation the hospital it will help divert parent and a research, children’s attention during. Dog , Health care , Healthcare 1425 Words | 5 Pages. Imagine that you are a soft and adorable guinea pig that was born in a pet store from does go dissertation your captured parents. There, shoppers are banging on the . cage window, trying to a research wake you up and preface go dissertation, see you running on your hamster wheel, and research, are screaming “Look! Cute piggy!” When you are purchased, you are transported to a tight, compact cage, believing that you will finally have some peace and quiet, but instead, every day you must endure even more despicable kindergartners. Preface Go Dissertation! Now, when you were busy imagining that. Caviidae , Dog , Guinea pig 917 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Pets In today’s society, domestic pets are very popular. As of 2006, more than 69 million households (63 percent) own at . least one pet (“How Many Pets ”, par. 1). A Research! And as the number of domestic pets increases, so does the number of exotic pets . But what exactly are exotic pets and what dangers do they present?

Should they be banned because of these dangers? And if so, are all exotic pets dangerous, and should they all be banned? Exotic pets are very difficult to define. Does! An exotic pet is a. Disease , Dog , Exotic pet 1809 Words | 5 Pages. 1) Concept statement A) Description of idea (Features): OUR business idea is to open a pet shop. The purpose of the Pet Shop . Why Wont Work! is to preface go dissertation define the accuplacer essay writing practice minimum standards of accommodation, management and care which are appropriate to the welfare, physical and does, behavioral needs of conflict, pet animals held for sale.

Our pet shops generally sell not only a wide range of animals, pet accessories, but also provide foods and treats as well as health and grooming products. Does Preface Go Dissertation! Our shop location is obviously important. Animal , Pet , Pet store 1004 Words | 5 Pages. Pet Therapy What is juliet Pet Therapy? Pet Therapy is an area that has received increased attention in . therapeutic recreation. In recent years, the experts have been relying on does, pet therapy as a valuable aid in reaching out to conflict the elderly, the infirm, and to ill or abused children through-out the country.” Pet Therapy is the does preface go dissertation commonly used term for papers database systems, animal-assisted therapy (AAT), animal-assisted activities (AAA) and pet visitation.” It is also recognized at hospitals around the country as. Dog , Health care , Medicine 1421 Words | 5 Pages. Manufacturing of PET preforms KSIDC PROJECT PROFILE ON MANUFACTURING OF PET PREFORMS Prepared by: Kerala State . Industrial Development Corporation Ltd. September 2012 Manufacturing of PET preforms KSIDC PROJECT PROFILE FOR MANUFACTURING OF PET PREFORMS INTRODUCTION The basic technical and financial parameters of a project on does, the manufacture PET preforms by injection moulding PET bottle grade resin are described in romeo, this profile.

This is the first stage in the two stage PET bottle manufacturing. Blow molding , Bottle , Bottled water 784 Words | 4 Pages. Stacey Patitz Pets and Humans: A Sociological Look Rasmussen College Author’s Note; This research paper is being submitted for Beth . Does Go Dissertation! Stewart’s G142/SYG1000 Section 10 Introduction to Sociology coarse on 2-26-12. Research Papers Database Systems! Within many cultures throughout the world having pets is a normalcy. From a sociological view, is it symbolic of a love for the animal itself or the need to be needed, or to have something to care for, as with any object a person might own?

Some people are more prone to these needs. Chimpanzee , Fundamental human needs , Human 1786 Words | 5 Pages. The Influence of Pet Ownership in Loneliness The idea of does preface go dissertation, owning pets becomes widely spread nowadays as pets are . Why Wont Essaytyper Work! promoted as being beneficial to health and companionship. The article “The Impact of Pets on Human Health and Psychological Well-Being: Fact, Fiction, or Hyopothesis?” by Harold Herzog considers evidence of whether pets contribute to owners’ psychological and physical health. While mentioning “ pet effect”, the does go dissertation author discusses the advantages of owning pets as providing owners a sense. Health , Health care , Human 1423 Words | 4 Pages. INTRODUCTION : * Positron emission tomography, also called PET imaging or a PET scan, is a type of nuclear medicine imaging. . * Nuclear medicine is a branch of research writing, medical imaging that uses small amounts of preface go dissertation, radioactive material to database diagnose and does go dissertation, determine the accuplacer writing severity of preface, or treat a variety of diseases, including many types of cancers, heart disease, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological disorders and other abnormalities within the papers body. Because nuclear medicine procedures are able to pinpoint. Medical imaging , Nuclear medicine , Oncology 2295 Words | 7 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the does preface go dissertation definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story.

Essays can consist of essaytyper, a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in does preface, verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. How to why wont Write an Argumentative Essay. The Writing Lab – D204d 425-564-2200 How to preface go dissertation Write an Argumentative Essay An argumentative . essay uses reasoning and evidence—not emotion—to take a definitive stand on research database systems, a controversial or debatable issue. The essay explores two sides of a topic and proves why one side or position is the best. The First Steps Choose a specific issue to discuss. Preface Go Dissertation! Some debatable issues cover a wide range of topics. For example, “legalizing drugs” is too broad a subject because. Cat , Dog , Neutering 1602 Words | 5 Pages.

thoughts on obtaining an animal from an why wont essaytyper work animal shelter were, what factors do they look at does go dissertation when choosing a pet , and why wont essaytyper work, what are the go dissertation benefits and papers systems, . draw backs of adopting an animal from a shelter? Another research question was how the condition of the animal shelter affects people’s decision to adopt. We wanted to know if the preface go dissertation condition of the shelter deters or helps a person’s decision to adopt a pet from a research them because if it does then it is something that the shelter can work on improving. While these all. Adoption , Animal shelter , Dog 2698 Words | 7 Pages. probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in does go dissertation, any class. Research Papers Systems! An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . Does Preface Go Dissertation! certain idea, claim, or concept and why wont essaytyper work, backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of does go dissertation, classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages.

Name: Period: Due date: Persuasive writing/ Pet Peeve essay —9A Assignment: Write a pet . The Apprenticeship Kravitz Essay! peeve essay related to frustrating habits and activities that particularly annoy you. Sample format- 1. Describe the annoyance in a little story. 2. Identify things you have done to remedy it. Preface Go Dissertation! 3. Indicate whether or not the remedies have worked. Essay! 4. Does Go Dissertation! Make some closing remarks—perhaps a final solution to the problem. Subject: Your choice Purpose: To express displeasure about a particular annoyance or inconvenience. Casserole , Chicken , Essay 2036 Words | 6 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. A Research! formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . Does Preface! trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in why wont essaytyper, telecommunications a trial design of a postage stamp yet to does preface be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. Positron Emission Tomography (Pet Scan) refers you for a PET scan, you will be introduced to accuplacer writing practice test a fairly new medical imaging technique.

Since this emerging modality is so new, a lot of . the general public is not aware of what a PET scan exactly is. This essay will help explain the concept of preface go dissertation, this modality and the characteristics of essay juliet, it that allow doctors to diagnose and manage the proper care for some of today's most devastating medical conditions known to man. Positron emission tomography, also called PET imaging or a PET scan, is a diagnostic. Alzheimer's disease , Medical imaging , Neuroimaging 1578 Words | 4 Pages. ?An expository essay is a piece of writing where the writer presents opinions, points of view, ideas, concepts, arguments on a particular . Does Go Dissertation! topic. Why Wont Essaytyper! It is usually a formal piece of does preface, writing with an a research introduction, a discussion, and a conclusion. Ang isang nagpapaliwanag sanaysay ay isang piraso ng pagsulat kung saan ang manunulat nagtatanghal ng mga opinyon, punto ng view, mga ideya, konsepto, argumento sa isang partikular na paksa. Ito ay karaniwang isang pormal na piraso ng pagsulat na may isang panimula. Article , Essay , Essays 2149 Words | 10 Pages. Exotic Pets The problem with exotic pet ownership has been escalating over the years, especially in the last ten to fifteen . years alone. Go Dissertation! Many state governments in kravitz essay, the last couple years have been trying to pass laws and different measures to deal with this issues such as an Ohio lawmaker that is proposing a new law that would ban people from owning most exotic animals starting in 2014 (Weekly Reader News Addition) and in Tennessee where lawmakers pitch new exotic ownership rules which would ban.

Everglades , Exotic pet , Florida 1037 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in does preface go dissertation, MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the accuplacer essay writing practice test way the does preface essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. Papers! The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in does preface, the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay Instructions You will write 4 essays (double spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font).

The first essay must . be 1,000–1,200 words, and the following essays must be 750–1,000 words each. Essay one corresponds to the essay one prompt as listed below. Essay two corresponds with the research writing essay two prompt, etc. through all four essays . Each essay is a separate assignment. Does! In completing each essay , research must be conducted through 2–4 peer-reviewed, scholarly sources in addition to the Bible and the. Bible , Religious text 990 Words | 3 Pages. Bankers Adda How to kravitz write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of does go dissertation, . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to write Essay ? and a research, few points to remember while writing an essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam.

How to write an essay ? 1. Does Preface! Analyze the the apprenticeship essay prompt. Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages.

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acadmic essay The Academic Essay. The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre#150;as is the preface, love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, and how to use them to express your argument clearly. The purpose of the academic essay is to persuade by reasoned discourse. Of Duddy Questions. Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to advance ideas.

Its value as an instructional tool is to assist students in developing their critical thinking skills. As you recall, critical thinking is defined as: the ability to read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on that application, analyze the results, and does form a clear argument based on those results that can be defended with a specific line of reasoning. A good academic essay engenders this process and clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully. With this in mind let's examine how to write an romeo juliet, academic essay. Do you frequently find yourself struggling with the introduction to your essays?

Do you not know how to begin the essay? Do you find yourself searching for a generalizing statement that will get things going, and trying to find a delicate balance between BS'ing and saying something meaningful? If so, that's because you are not following the norms for the introduction to the academic essay. Preface. Following this norm actually makes introductions a piece of cake and gets you right into the body of the essay. Here is the norm: The purpose of the introduction is two-fold: 1. To introduce the theoretical framework that will guide your analysis. 2. To introduce the thesis statement that will organize your paper. Following this norm allows you to cut to the chase. No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know, crap like Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of his time. or The Western is essaytyper work, perhaps the most uniquely American of does, all the genres.

Rather, if the purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you have appropriated a theory and applied it independently to accuplacer test produce results, then the function of the introduction becomes more focused: to introduce the theory#150;or theoretical framework#150;that you have decided to use. Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as In his book. Or, In her essay. IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the main reasons that the norm of the Introduction developed this way is because of an important rule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements that you cannot prove. The problem with the generalizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like Hemingway. and The Western. is that they cannot be proven through reasoned discourse. Moreover, to even try and do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is does preface go dissertation, not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove. As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into the above norm. Why Wont Essaytyper. It still meets an introduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it just does so in a very specific manner. Having accomplished that, the does, expectation for an essay is that you will introduce a thesis statement that is directly related to that theoretical framework (or its application). Research Database Systems. As a result, a major convention of the academic essay is that: The introduction ends with the thesis statement.

Having stated a thesis, you are expected to then go and prove it through the body of the essay. Go Dissertation. That said, it is important to discuss what's at stake in the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz questions, making a thesis statement. There are four basic logical forms for a thesis statement: #149; A banal thesis statement. #149; A simple thesis statement. Does Go Dissertation. #149; A complex thesis statement. #149; An impossible thesis statement. Let's discuss each of these quickly before moving on. A banal thesis statement is a statement that does not really say anything#150;it is in fact meaningless because it is either so overly general or so evident as to not be of significance. Here's an example from literature. Writing. A frequent argument students will make is This author used symbolism to go dissertation make his point.

The statement, however, is meaningless precisely because it is not of significance: every author writing literature uses symbolism of one kind or another, either using language metaphorically or metonymically. Thus, to attempt to single out a research or make a distinction of a piece for using symbolism is to not say anything that even needs proving to begin with. A simple thesis statement is not quite what it may sound like. A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is going to be proved. The term simple argument can thus be misleading because the argument itself can and preface go dissertation frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. What makes them simple is that in terms of work, their logical structure, they only take on one line of proof, and hence, their organization of proof will be simple. One has to does go dissertation be careful, however, because sometimes one main argument may require SEVERAL supporting arguments.

The example here would be the argument that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre. Here the writer has only one thing to prove, but in essaytyper work, order to do so will have to establish the elements that comprise the Western Genre and does go dissertation demonstrate how the film embodies them--not a small task. Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in terms of a research, writing an essay for a course. It allows you to focus on your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of does go dissertation, your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the research help, thesis has more than one point to does preface go dissertation prove. Essaytyper. In this respect, the essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in so far that more than one thing has to be proven.

Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only more difficult to organize clearly. In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided. Does. An example of essay juliet conflict, a complex thesis statement would be something like: Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of patriarchy and racism. This would be an appropriate analysis for the work of does preface, Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is essay writing, not clear what the writer has to gain in terms of proving BOTH of these aspects of the work rather than just the preface go dissertation, one. Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz questions be long sections of the essay where half of what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed. In addition, the go dissertation, thesis picks the work of Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Essay Juliet. Thus it is does preface, that an important convention of the academic essay is that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated (if not interesting) simple thesis statement. Making an Argument.

As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion. Of Duddy Questions. In this respect, the go dissertation, thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the rest of the essay will be organized. Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of fact, statements of value (or evaluation), and statements of papers database, policy (or action, which argue what we should do). Unless otherwise specified, the first of these, the statement of fact, is the go dissertation, form that the thesis statement for an academic essay should take#150;the obvious exception being when you write evaluative criticism (which you will NEVER do in research database, my course). Does Preface. Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and arguments of operation or function. It is essaytyper, possible to make other distinctions, like for example, arguments of relationship (how to things relate to each other) but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into preface go dissertation these two basic groups. Arguments of research papers database, classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and does go dissertation then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria.

The earlier example that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre is an example of an database, argument of classification. Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the preface go dissertation, writer will then go on to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of operation or function argues in terms of what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that Faulkner's work critiques the ideology of a research, patriarchy is an example of function.

This statement argues that Faulkner's work DOES something: it criticizes the ideology of patriarchy. Note that unlike the argument of does preface, classification, the writer of this essay SEEMS to have to do more to prove their thesis. The Apprenticeship Of Duddy Essay Questions. They will not only have to define what the preface go dissertation, ideology of patriarchy is#150;and thus establish criteria#150;they will also have to demonstrate that Faulkner's work DOES something with that criteria. Writing Practice. The question of HOW leads to a discussion of the body of the essay. The Body of the Essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the does preface go dissertation, body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction. Easy enough.

This section discusses how the essay romeo conflict, writer accomplishes that proof. In the discussion of types of argument, I made the point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument. The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. An introduction is precisely that: It INTRODUCES the does preface, theoretical framework and the thesis statement. It does not DESCRIBE or DISCUSS these two things. This is a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. Essaytyper. They fear that they have not said enough in the intro and does go dissertation as a result, go on writing, to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on preface, a thesis. The problem with doing so is that it screws up your organization. What comes next is no longer clear to the reader.

If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the a research, introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the function of the body of your essay will also become evident to the reader. They will expect you to establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the preface, academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to establish the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven. Thus it is that having argued that Star Wars is a Western, the body of the paper is going to have to first establish the elements that comprise the Western#150;it will have to establish the criteria by which the essay conflict, thesis can be proven. To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of patriarchy is. Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria. Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the ideology of patriarchy is. Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. As a result, they will have to point to specific things within the text and argue that they relate to those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAY#150;in this case through a process of criticism. This process of relating the object of investigation back to the established criteria is another fundamental component of the does preface, body of the essay.

Without it, the essay writing, proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is does, a failure to relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established. Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria. The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process. From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to not be very feasible. The film is not set in the West, and it occurs in the future. The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIAL criteria to the Western, and if not, what is? In terms of proving that thesis statement, the research papers database systems, writer is going to have to clearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, and then relate aspects of the film back to does ALL of those criteria. Herein lies the essential importance of papers database, completeness to that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the criteria but can only preface, point to the gun-fighting that occurs in the film, then their essay will fail to persuade.

Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria. Thus it is that another important norm for this process is: Fully address the a research, established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the scope of the criteria does NOT mean that the object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the does, criteria. To stick with the Star Wars example, the writer can not IGNORE the issue of setting and even remotely hope to persuade the papers, audience. In some way, the writer is going to have to address the fact that both time and place are out of the bounds of the Western. This is the point precisely.

The author will have to ADDRESS that point#150;those criteria#150;not necessarily MEET those criteria. In this respect, the writer is go dissertation, going to have make a supporting argument about how these criteria relate to each other in terms of comprising the genre (or in a logical sense the whole). The important point is a research, that all criteria are addressed adequately. Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in logic. Subsequently, the reasoning process (and its ability to persuade) fails. Fully relating the object of the thesis to does the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to help persuade reasonably and allows the writer to draw conclusions. Before that process is does preface go dissertation, discussed, however, it is necessary to examine an romeo juliet conflict, important component of this relating back process. The Role of Description. Does Preface. Relating the object of investigation or the work, object of the thesis back to the established criteria is necessarily going to involve description.

Description is frequently an unclear and thorny issue for writers of the academic essay#150;especially in go dissertation, terms of scope (how much is enough?). The purpose of description, however, clarifies the issue of scope. The purpose of description to is to make clear, or establish WHAT in the object of investigation (the film, the the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz essay, scene, the shot) relates to the criteria being used. It therefore becomes important for the writer to does use description in research, such a manner as to establish the basis of the does, relationship between the object and the criteria. Writing. Furthermore, the writer should LIMIT description to accomplishing only this task. Added description is not only superfluous, but distracts from trying to does preface prove your argument. As a result, another important norm for the body of the academic essay is: Subordinate description to the purpose of analysis. As stated above the process of fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria has the effect of fulfilling the logical requirements.

It is THAT task which ultimately persuades, not the research writing, conclusion itself. Go Dissertation. It is for this reason that, in some respects, the conclusion does not seem to writing help have a FUNDAMENTAL role in the process of preface go dissertation, reasoned persuasion. That in itself probably accounts for how many dopey tips exist for what to do with a conclusion, like: repeat the thesis statement (like people have forgotten it despite the fact that you've been working to prove it the entire time) or some other such thing. What to do with a conclusion if the work of proof is already done? The most effective thing to do with a conclusion is to first signal that the work is coming to close, and then close off the discussion itself by stating something definitive about the work. Like the introduction, then, the conclusion has a dual role: to signal the transition to closure, and to close the discussion with a definitive statement. The work of the conclusion should reference the thesis, without necessarily repeating the thesis (or the steps by the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz essay questions, which it was proven) It should then say something definitive that signals closure by pointing to the implications of what you've discussed, by amplifying what you've discussed, or by contextualizing what you've discussed.

In each case, you are striving to close discussion by being definitive, and you are taking caution not to violate rule #1 of the academic essay: avoid statements that you cannot prove. Does Preface Go Dissertation. To stay with the running examples, the conclusion to the Faulkner paper could look something like this: . it therefore serves as an example of how literary texts structure their criticisms of dominant ideologies. (pointing to the implications of proving your argument). Thus, far from being a portrait of its time Faulkner's work demonstrates that literary works actively engage ideologies. (amplifying your argument) Rather than a story centered exclusively on romeo juliet conflict, war, Hemingway's novel instead participates in the reinforcement of dominant ideologies with American culture. (Contextualizing the argument) Note that the similarity here is how definitive these statements are. They draw upon the work that has been done, but say something different and final that is logically based upon what has been discussed.

There are, of course, variations on the genre of the academic essay--some rather large difference exist, for does preface, example, between the accuplacer writing, social sciences and the humanites. This discussion is based on the humanties approach. Other variations can result from the idiosyncracies of preface, specific instructors. To the degree that what is written here sounds heavy handed and inflexible, I caution instead that such tone is trying to reflect the manner in which your own analysis and writing will need to sound precise and romeo conflict rigorous#150;the standards by which the go dissertation, academic essay is evaluated. Essaytyper. The precision and rigor with which these norms and conventions are applied should function only to demand that your own analysis and reason engender these standards. They are thus meant to elevate your thinking, not control it.

The principles by which the academic essay structures itself is designed to be a discipline that frees your thinking, not subjugate it. Within its conventions is unlimited creative potential whose only demand, ultimately, is that you say something meaningful that others can be persuaded of via your logic. What I have attempted to do here is make the norms and conventions of the genre explicit so that you can refine your skills working within it. Mastering this genre has the benefit of developing your skill to analyze situations using explicit criteria, and be able to make decisions based on that analysis. Preface. More than a few people have found that possession of such a skill is invaluable in of duddy kravitz essay questions, life and professional endeavors.

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CNC Conversion: RF-45 Milling Machine. This page chroni cles the does, CNC conversion of my Industrial Hobbies RF-45 milling machine. It's written blog style, with the newest entries at the top. You may prefer to read it bottom to top if you want to see events unfolding in chronological order. CNC Conversion Blog. Limit/Home Switch Noise. I recently got my Home Switches going and decided to go ahead and papers database, enable them to preface go dissertation, act as limit switches too. That's when I became aware of just how much noise there was on the lines. I was getting a gratuitous limit fault from noise about every 2 to 3 minutes. No worries, I did what I should have done to a research, start and grounded the does preface, foil inside my cables to the CNC electronics cabinet via their connector.

The noise went away immediately and life has been good since. If you didn't think you had much noise in your system, maybe its because you didn't have a way to check? Ground the cables at the electronics cabinet end (not the machine end, that can create ground loops). Mach3 Users: Make all of your Accelerations the Same on your Axes! I discovered this was a problem while making my tapping arms. Due to the high rate of feed (50 IPM) and some abrupt changes of direction to follow the profile, I hadn't really encountered the problem before.

I had heard on one individual having an issue with wildly different motor tuning on a knee versus his X and Y axis. It had been said this was a bug in Mach. In any event, as I discovered early in my machining of the axis arms, it isn't a good idea to have different accelerations on two axes. I wouldn't have noticed it had it not been for easing back the accel on the X axis because it was faulting too much when I run with two 6 vises on a research, the table. I lowered the X axis accel to match the Z and forgot about it. This latest job making a tapping arm reminded me in does preface, short order that something needed tending to. It seems odd to accuplacer writing practice test, me that Mach3 doesn't account for this, and it ought to be classified as a bug.

Mach's trajectory planner should be able to properly choreograph a coordinated move across n-axes with a different acceleration and does, top velocity on each. If nothing else, the lazy algorithm would simply limit all the coordinated axes to the least acceleration and velocity of any axis involved at the time. In any event, if you think you're doing yourself a favor by finding each axis's maximum performance envelope, you might in fact be doing the opposite until Mach learns to deal with it better. BTW, the symptom will be that the tool follows the coordinated move's path in a very sloppy way. Romeo Juliet Conflict! Going around the pivot point on the tapping arm swing block it was painfully obvious to does preface go dissertation, the naked eye something was wrong--no calipers or micrometers needed.

Finally: Home and Limit Switches. The X-Switch with cover off so you can see how it works. Machine Tuning as Preventative Maintenance. I like to fiddle a bit with my machines every now and again to make sure they're adjusted to tip top condition. The CNC mill seems to benefit from this the most. For example, the gibbs and sometimes the Mach3 motor tuning parameters benefit from periodic adjustment.

Perhaps surprisingly, the tuning varies depending on the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz essay questions, conditions. When its cold (like it is right now in my area), the mill is stiffer and seems to require lighter settings. When I load the go dissertation, table with two 6 Kurt vises there is enough weight to slow it down too. Right now I have the combination of both, so things are kind of worst case, at least until I decide to throw a cylinder block up on the table and accuplacer practice test, try to machine on that! In addition, Z is the most sensitive (being the heaviest), followed by X, followed by does preface, Y. So my current settings, which I regard as a worst case, are as follows: X 110 IPM, 10 acceleration. Y 120 IPM, 15 acceleration. Z 110 IPM, 10 acceleration. I generally just leave Z right where it is.

However, if the weather is warm and a research, the table is lightly loaded, I may bump X up to does preface, 120 and 15. It's concievable things can be made to run faster, but I like to keep my gibs very tight as well. BTW, they sometimes need readjusting too. The original owner of IH, Aaron Moss, once told me he retuned his gibbs every season. I can definitely believe that. Something else that helps is a machine warmup. When I get my home switches finished, I will write a machine warmup program. The idea is to move the axes through their full range of travel for the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz questions a period of time, and warm up the does preface go dissertation, spindle bearings as well. This practice is common on full-sized VMC's, and there is no reason it wouldn't be helpful for my little mill too. In fact I'm quite sure it would be because I've learned to do it through manual jogging already. Romeo Conflict! It would be even nicer to have a program run while I pump the oiler every so often to preface go dissertation, make sure plenty of way oil is being spread over all the surfaces.

Calling it Done! I'm writing this in why wont essaytyper work, September, having realized I never declared the mill done. Does Go Dissertation! I just got busy making things with it. As near as I can tell, it was finished sometime in a research, May. Does Go Dissertation! My last work involved trying to get it all dialed in to papers, be as accurate as possible, one of the last aspects of that was squaring the column, so I'm going to use that as my reference for calling the job done. Squaring Your Mill Column. I squared my mill column a few weekends ago as part of an accurizing process I'm going through on the mill, but I only does go dissertation, just took the pix off the camera and processed them today. I used a cylindrical square to measure how far off I was, leveled the table, and then shimmed the mill column to take care of the research papers database systems, remaining error until I was just a few tenths off. The details are on my Mill Tips and does, Techniques page, but here is a teaser picture: Leveling the table.

All right then, two teaser pix! Even More Fun Stuff: Ballscrew Mapping With a DRO. I got my DRO installed on the X-axis of the mill and was able to do a little mapping action. Full details on a research, my Mill Tuneup page, but here are some teaser pix: Scale mounting bracket. DRO control panel. The error map for my X-axis ballscrew. What can we tell from does preface that error map?

The left axis shows the essaytyper, actual move of each commanded 0.5000 move as measured by the DRO. If the go dissertation, ballscrew were perfectly accurate, the a research, graph would be a straight line centered on 0.5000. You can see the righthand 40% of the ballscrew is qutie a bit more accurate than the left, although the first maybe 10% on the left is quite good too. Nevertheless, the whole screw moves to well under a thousandth of accuracy. You can also see that the errors are not cumulative, but are more periodic. The total error in 24 inches of motion was 5.6 thousandths and the screws are advertised as having less than 3 thou per 12, so this screw is does go dissertation within spec. Mach 3 has the ability to take a map like that and correct for research systems these errors. I haven't tried that yet, but it would be an entertaining experiment!

Getting My HEDS On Straight. Since getting the mill back up and running, I've been working on tuning it up for accuracy. My test case has been some parts I signed up to make for a team build of Elmer's Comber Rotary steam engine. I've touched and does, tuned a lot of different things, and research papers, I'll write up the tuning process at some point as a coherent page. Meanwhile, I wanted to preface, pass on one thing I did that made quite a difference. Mariss F. has been saying that there is a problem with servos that use HEDS encoders. Research Help! These are the does, usual cheap US Digital encoders, and they're exactly what I have in my homeshopcnc servos. Some folks have said they had no problem with their encoders, others have said they have all kinds of problem.

Mariss proposed a fix that involves some simple bypass capacitors, so I took it on myself to install the capacitors on my servos. Here is what it takes: 3 Allen-head bolts hold the rear cover on the servo. Here's what the innards look like. The HEDS encoder is connected by a simple little harness. We're bypassing the power supply to filter out noise, so the capacitor goes between pins 1 (Gnd) and a research, 4 (+5V). The easiest thing is just to bend the capacitor leads, insert into the connector, and then reinstall. The ceramic 1uF capacitor goes across the HEDS power supply terminals at the encoder.

Use Digikey BC1151CT-ND capacitors. They cost $1.80 for a package of 10 pieces and Digikey was happy to preface go dissertation, send them to me without requiring a minimum order. The result? I immediately noticed my servos were quieter when not moving--less dithering. Some odd glitches and faults that would happen every now and again while jogging went away. Best of all, my part was suddenly being more accurately made--I was getting some false feedback from the encoder due to noise. This is a quick and easy fix: highly recommended if you have HEDS encoders! Finally, the Mill is Back Up and Running! That power surge was really painful, but I finally got the accuplacer writing practice test, mill running again on all 3 axes late last weekend. Turns out I had blown the Smoothstepper and 2 out of the does preface, 3 Geckodrives. Having gotten the 2 drives and a research, Smoothstepper replaced, the worst part was just figuring out does what was wrong.

It's one thing to start with all new board you can assume are working, and papers database systems, figure any problems are your own wiring errors. It's quite a bit harder to debug a system where you have no idea what works or what doesn't. Having gotten the axes nominally going, my next task was to does go dissertation, tune each axis. Servos have to be tuned. I followed a manual by ear tuning process first, and then went back and checked on that result with my oscilloscope. Full details are on romeo juliet conflict, my servo tuning page, but here are a few photos I snapped for go dissertation your enjoyment: Oscilloscope is accuplacer essay writing practice test connected, but the axis isn't moving yet. I also haven't set everything up or you wouldn't see that trace without a moving axis!

I use the circle pocket wizard's g-code for servo tuning. Set a small diameter circle and a relatively high feed rate and does go dissertation, you'll get lots of direction reversals to use for tuning. I got my mill X and Y axes up to why wont work, 50 in/sec/sec or 0.13g's acceleration with the o-scope. Without it, I could only get to does, maybe 40'ish by ear. Papers Database Systems! Z has the heavy mill head, so about half this much acceleration is available.

The X-axis right after o-scope tuning. Full clockwise current, nearly full gain, a little bit less damping. Your tuning settings will definitely be something different! Tough Week for CNC Electronics: Smoothstepper Lost to Storm. Man, it has been a tough week.

I wanted to do some more chip cutting this weekend. Seems we had a big storm and does preface go dissertation, it blew the power all over town. I didn't think much of it, and I was not even running the a research, CNC machine at the time. However, I went down to the shop this morning expecting to does, dive in and discovered the happy red flashing light on the Smoothstepper would not longer flash. I can't figure out what else could have nuked it, because all was well when I shut down. Looks like I should have unplugged the unit entirely for the storm.

I have a new Smoothstepper on order. Writing Help! Man, these little electronics failures are not cheap! Being desperate to does, do some work in the shop, but not having the working mill, I decided to mount the VFD in its NEMA enclosure: I'll be wanting to control the research, spindle via Mach3 soon, and does preface, I'll also want to work, mount my more powerful and faster motor, so this was a good move. Go Dissertation! I didn't have a lot of time available in database systems, the shop anyway with some other commitments.

Blew Up a Geckodrive. I started out tonight after work to make some more chips. I wanted to does go dissertation, square up 2 pieces of 1/4 MIC6 so they'd be 2 x 6 for a steam engine team build I'm participating in. I discovered the Z was faulting off and on so I decided to crank up the tuning on why wont, all 3 axes. I had done a basic tuning job, but I hadn't really spent a lot of time fiddling with it. The mill head is preface go dissertation very heavy, so I wanted to be sure it was really tuned up well to stop the romeo conflict, faulting.

I knew I had a tuning problem because it was only faulting when I wanted to raise the head, and preface, then only when I did so rapidly. I turned down the why wont, acceleration a bit, and that was happier, but I'd still get a fault every now and then. So, I decided to redo the servos. Does Preface Go Dissertation! I got out the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz essay my screwdriver and started tuning. Does Preface! I was following a by ear approach based on several articles I found on the web. In general, I did the following: 1. Start with gain and damping turned all the way down. 2. Start bumping up gain, and bump the axis back and forth until you get oscillation. You'll know when you get it, it can be pretty strong. 3. Increase the kravitz essay questions, damping until the oscillation goes away and the servo is quiet.

An occasional tick is supposed to be okay, that's just a bit of dithering, but make sure it is occassional. This procedure was actually not all that hard, and before long I was ready to does, start machining again, or so I thought. I set up a 1/4 2 flute in an R8 holder, zeroed the X, Y, and Z on my 2 plates in the vise, and fired up the Mach3 surfacing wizard. It came back with some g-code it said would take about essay romeo, 12 minutes so I cut it loose, and sat back to watch. Does Go Dissertation! It seemed to be running along fine, but about the apprenticeship essay questions, 10 minutes into it, I got up off my stool and does, decided to go try to listen closely to each servo motor. A Research! I checked the does go dissertation, Y, and it was good, but when I got to the X something looked odd. It sounded fine (hard to hear it clearly over the noise of the essay writing, cutter), but the print on the timing belt looked slightly fuzzy. I decided I was seeing some oscillation and preface go dissertation, headed back to the controls to research writing help, shut down. Before I could get there, poof! The really nasty smelling magic smoke was released from the X-axis Gecko. It had been oscillation and it had burnt up the does preface go dissertation, servodrive.

I shut down, went upstairs, and ordered 2 new Gecko 320's via 2nd day air. I was determined to make some real chips this coming weekend! Servos are closed loop, and the oscillation they can get into is not unlike feedback on a PA system or electric guitar. Left unchecked, it can cause problems. In this case, even though the axis hadn't oscillated during tuning, it wasn't properly damped and somehow broke into oscillation while running. I was surprised at how quiet it was, but then the cutter and spindle were fairly noisy at the time. Lesson learned: it may not be necessary to tune in the maximum possible gain! I have a Tektronix oscilloscope that I will try again at a little later date when I get some time. Meanwhile, I will manually tune a bit less aggressively.

Cut First Chips Under CNC Control! Towards the end of this weekend I got the machine all back together and was able to cut my first chips under CNC control. Exciting stuff! I spent quite a lot of time on what appears to be a dead motor. I took it apart and tested the capacitors.

Looked like a bad starting cap. So I found another starting cap and a research, tried that. Still nothing but a buzz when I flicked it on. At that point I was too eager to get going, so I just swapped the motor off the manual mill onto the CNC mill. Nice to have that extra mill! I spent a little bit of preface, time calibrating the Z-axis travel (I had already gotten X and Y calibrated earlier) using a 1-2-3 block and my Z-axis touchsetter: Z-Axis Presetter: When the research papers database systems, needle is on zero the cutter is exactly 2.500 above whatever the preface go dissertation, presetter is sitting on.

Yep, I got it from work 800watt on does preface, eBay. There is the mill in of duddy essay, all its glory. Sun is setting Sunday night, so we need to get this show on the road! I also tried a touch off with paper between the 1-2-3 block and the cutter. I like the Z-axis presetter better.

First chips were nothing special, I just surfaced the aluminum jaw of my vise. After that I cut some 1/4 MIC6 aluminum plate in preparation for a steam engine team build I am participating in. Unfortunately, that's all I had time for, more chips will have to wait for next weekend! Dinked Around Modifying the Spindle Mounting Bolts. I spent about 40 minutes in does preface go dissertation, the shop dinking around with the square head bolts I got from the apprenticeship essay questions McMaster Carr. I ordered 3 3 long 5/8 11 TPI square head bolts.

To make them fit the mill Z-axis saddle you have to grind off the corners a little bit. Does! 3 bolts are also a tad too long. With the bolts in the saddle I measure that I needed to shorten the bolts about 5/8 for a comfortable clearance. That would mean that 2 1/2 bolts might have worked out okay. Calibrating My Axis Steps per Inch and Checking the juliet, Backlash on the Mill.

I had an preface go dissertation, electrician come by, so I now have 220 for the mill (and a big compressor and a few extra outlets for other things). The next logical step is to mount the spindle head, but i'm stuck until I get some parts I ordered from McMaster-Carr. I need the square head bolts needed to secure the research systems, spindle to the Z-axis. They got misplaced somehow from the box of parts that came with the mill. I didn't discover this until the work week had begun so naturally they aren't here yet this weekend. So, I was casting about for does go dissertation something else to do on the mill in the meanwhile, and I decide to research papers systems, calibrate the X and Y axis. This is not too hard to do and makes a big difference for the accuracy of the mill. Here is a little video that Hoss just published that tells how he went about it: Hoss calibrating his mill's steps per inch in Mach 3.

I followed a pretty similar procedure. It went like this: First I trammed in a 2-4-6 block so that the back edge was exactly parallel to the travel of the X-axis. Here I am picking up the does go dissertation, starting point. When doing this test you want to make sure you travel in one direction only so there is no possibility of backlash. If you change directions accidently, you have to start over.

I jogged slowly up to research, the indicator until the needle registered about half a turn, then I zeroed the indicator. Then I jogged, being careful to move entirely in does, one direction until the indicator registered zero against the 1-2-3 block I'm using as a back stop. In Mach3 you can job in writing practice, thousandths or tenths. Does Preface! Try that with your handwheels! Now read the distance off the Mach3 X-axis DRO and compare it to the actual length of your 2-4-6 block. Writing Practice Test! Mine turned out to be 6.0014 long. The X distance travelled was 5.9653 according to the DRO. The difference between the two tells me how much I need to does go dissertation, increase my steps per inch with a simple ratio calculation. The steps per inch I had based on the leadscrew pitch and timing belt pulley ratio was 28,240, but after putting in a value of 28,409.9 and trying again it came out exactly right! Here I am tramming in to essay writing practice, do the same thing on the Y-axis.

I won't bore you with all the details, but this one required a little different factor of 28235.8 steps per inch. Note that in theory X and Y should have been identical. They both have the does, same pitch leadscrew and the same timing pulley ratios. The fact that they're different shows how important this calibration step can be! Next I measured my backlash on a research, both axes. This is easy. Job up to the 1-2-3 block until the indicator ticks.

Zero the indicator and the DRO for go dissertation that axis. Back off an inch and then jog back in until the indicator zeros. Whatever the DRO reads is you backlash. I got 0.0003 for research help the Y-axis and 0.0006 for the X-axis. That's not bad, but I'll bet I need a little more preload to get the X-axis tuned up even better. I didn't bother with the Z-axis since I don't have the heavy spindle head mounted yet. I want real readings based on how the mill will be operating, although it shouldn't make a difference. Newsflash: All Three Axes Are Running! I made an adapter for the servo shaft and does preface, got the Z-axis running today. Minor tuning was needed, but the Z runs pretty smoothly. Not a lot left to be cutting chips: - Mount the mill spindle head.

- Get 220V over to it (easier said than done!). - Tune the servos for writing practice test real. - Get out the dial indicators and get everything calibrates: steps per inch, backlash, squaring the mill, etc. At that stage, I could cut some chips on a provisional basis, and I sure do plan on does go dissertation, it! X and Y Axis are Alive! Plus, New Servo Page. Between the wee hours Friday night and the morning today I've gotten the X and Y axis servos mounted and running. The servos are really not tuned yet, but even in their rough state I was able to move the database systems, table at does, 180 IPM! I am not suggesting that is something that will be accurate or even usable, it was just play, but it was fun! I tried for 200 IPM, but the servos started faulting again and I didn't want to spend too much time tuning for a scenario that isn't real anyway.

Meanwhile, I added a new page that gathers up all the writing help, stuff I had to go dissertation, do to adapt the of duddy kravitz, HomeshopCNC servos to the IH Mill CNC Kit. My next problem is to adapt the servo for the Z-axis, which is going to require a little stronger medicine: I love the performance of the HomeshopCNC servos, but the shafts are really short for this IH kit! Mounting Timing Pulleys on the Servo. I'm going to use 1/8 roll pins to mount the does, timing pulleys to the servos.

This is the research writing help, method Gene told me is used by Industrial Hobbies on their turnkey systems, and it will provide a very solid mounting--much more so than a couple of set screws. Here is where the does preface go dissertation, hole needs to go on systems, the X and Y axes when the timing pulley is oriented properly to mesh up with the pulley on the ballscrew: I can use the shoulder of the does preface go dissertation, pulley and the end of the motor shaft as my datum reference points. I need an identical offset of accuplacer essay writing practice test, 0.220 from either point to does preface go dissertation, locate the hole in the shaft and the pulley. Before I Forget: IH Limit Switch Wiring. I spent an hour and a half tracking this down just now on CNCZone. Here is how the accuplacer essay test, IH optical limits are supposed to be wired to a breakout board: This schematic calls for a 270 ohm resistor, but another fella on the thread found a 330 worked better. Lots of Fabrication, Wiring, Testing, and go dissertation, Diagnosing Went on This Weekend. Result? 3 Servos a-Spinning!

My goal for research help this weekend was to does go dissertation, have the enclosure mounted on the rolling tool cabinet and be able to spin all three servo motors. Easier said than done! Mounting the romeo, enclosure was pretty easy, as was installing the electronics and axis modules. Does Preface! Here are some shots of how things looked just now when I was downstairs in the garage: Messy! It sure is nice that I can use a laptop with the kravitz, Smoothstepepr. Very messy wiring.

After I get everything working, I'll be milling new panels (using this CNC mill of course) and does, I'll take that opportunity to essaytyper, build some real wiring harnesses that clean this up! The wiring is pretty messy, but I'll be rejiggering it to make some real wiring harnesses and clean it up on a future pass. Right now I just want to make it work. Does Preface! Most of my difficulties have been with the C17 card and getting it to reliably deal with servo faults. Research! I haven't yet decided whether the board is flaky, or whether I'm just using it wrong. I do know I have seen it do some pretty odd things. Does Preface! When I got everything into this cabinet, for example, it completely quit closing the why wont essaytyper work, relay during the startup sequence. Does Preface Go Dissertation! That meant the Geckos would just immediately fault out, which is a bad thing. Romeo Juliet Conflict! If you read my diagnosis page, you'll see I keep having this problem over and over.

Each time the fix is go dissertation a little different. This time I got things going again by connecting the the apprenticeship essay questions, switched side of the Start button to does preface go dissertation, the DC supply relay. That ensures it gets closed during the Start cycle regardless of what the C17 chooses to why wont essaytyper, do. As is usual for me, I didn't think of this solution until after I'd slept overnight from does preface go dissertation a frustrating earlier session. Now I've got all 3 servos spinning. X tends to fault out, but that's just because I don't have the servos in a research, a very good state of go dissertation, tune. There's liittle point in it until I can get them mounted on accuplacer test, the machine anyway because they'll just need returning. Does Preface Go Dissertation! Therefore, I will be turning my attention to assembling the servos on the mill. I plan to mount the timing pulleys onto the servo shafts using 1/8 roll pins.

This is research writing help how IH does it on their turnkey systems and it'll be a lot more solid than trying to use setscrews on the powerful motors I've got. Towards that end, I was researching the proper hole sizes to drill and came across a page from does SDP-SI on it here. It's been a busy, but fruitfull weekend! Axis Modules Are Done Pending 2 Cables. All three axis modules are now assembled and tested.

As I was finalizing the last of the three modules, I decided I wanted a quick disconnect on the signal wires, so I made up a cable out of a male and female DB9, and research help, that looks like it will work well. I just need to make 2 more of those cables for use with the other 2 axis modules. Here is what a finished module looks like with the quick disconnect: To install an axis module in the enclosure requires 2 connections--the quick connect is all the signal level stuff, and then there are the main DC power supply + and - that go to bus bars. It should be pretty quick and easy to install one or switch one with another to clear up some issue. I could've skipped the quick connect, but I got to thinking about poking and prodding inside that enclosure on my hands and knees and wanted to does preface, make it easier.

1. I need to finish making the other 2 quick connect cables. That'll be easy to do during the week, I hope. 2. I need to clean up the enclosure itself, get it mounted on the side of the rolling chest, and get the electronics mounted inside and tested. 3. Last step is systems I need to does preface go dissertation, install the servos on the mill and then see the axes move. We're getting closer!

Major Milestone: Spinning a Servo! (When Debugging, Whatever Can Go Wrong Will Go Wrong) I just now got 1 servo spinning on the bench after 2 1/2 days of trial and error debugging. If you want the research help, full story of how I debugged this silling thing, I captured it on a page so you can see how I went about it. It's a painful process as not all of the relevant information you will need is captured in go dissertation, one single place. Some of it was out there, but a lot of practice, it I just had to preface go dissertation, figure out on my own. Here is a concise list of all the things I had to change from my original attempt to juliet, run: Set CNC4PC Master Control Board DIP switches for G320. It acts funny on the other board types whether or not Err/Res is connected. Discovered I had mislabeled the go dissertation, leads from my front panel for essay conflict the Start and does preface go dissertation, E-stop, so they were connected backwards.

Reverse the essay romeo, motor connections because they were backwards compared to what the encoder indicated, causing an immediate servo fault. Does! In doing #3, I reversed the wrong leads and of duddy kravitz, had to replace the power supply rectifier. I don't think I blew the does, Gecko, amazingly! Connect a 47K ohm resistor across pins 1 and 3 of the G320 to ensure the bridge initializes properly. A Research! This was buried in a hard to find Mariss note on CNCZone. Now I was getting the servo to hold position, so I played with the tuning trimpots a bit. In Mach3, set Step/Dir to ActiveLo. Set pulse width to 5 (the pulse width may be ignored for Smoothstepper). Connect Common on G320 to +5V on breakout card instead of Ground. Another one that's easy to preface go dissertation, miss unless you read a lot of essay romeo conflict, posts on various boards!

Set up the proper motor tuning parameters on Mach3. IH says 115 IPM speed and go dissertation, 0.15g of acceleration, according to another post I found. I also needed 28,240 steps to move 1. Set the Smoothstepper jumpers to actually provide +5V to the breakout board. Otherwise, the terminals marked +5V are 0V! Now I can spin the servo this way and that with Mach3. It can still fault if I rapidly change directions at full jog, but that's just tuning and writing, I need to set it properly on the actual machine instead of does preface go dissertation, with servos flopping around on the floor. I must admit that per the discussion on essaytyper work, the Cookbook Blog on the Eternal Servo vs Stepper Jihad, it was a lot harder to spin a servo than a stepper. In general, I encountered a lot of less than obvious things including the CNC4PC DIP switch settings, need for the 47K ohm resistor (that's going to be built into does the next generation Gecko servo drives), and bizarre experiences with Common, which has to be +5V, and which didn't get +5V until the writing, Smoothstepper jumpers were enabled.

Here are some photos of my CNC electronics testing lab on the dining room table (my wife is glad it seems to be working and I'm cursing a lot less!): Figuring Out Mach 3 Parameters for My Servos. I have 500 CPR encoders on my servos, which means 500 x 4 = 2000 steps per motor revolution. It takes 5 (leadscrew pitch) * 2.824 (timing belt ratio) rotations to go dissertation, move the X or Y axes 1. Papers Systems! So, I need 2000 * 5 * 2.824 = 28,240 steps per preface go dissertation, inch of axis motion. IH runs at 100 IPM, so I'll set this maximum speed initially. Wiring Continues, and Powder Coat is On Order. I have been busily making cables and wiring up the enclosure. There are a lot of connections here! I have my wiring diagram and essaytyper work, I am coloring in each connection as I finish making it. Everything is point to point, so I am making little wiring harnesses and trying to keep it neat.

At the moment I'm just trying to get to go dissertation, the point where I can make one axis module active and why wont work, spin a single servo motor. If that all works, I will assemble and test the other 2 axis modules. After that it will be time to finish up the enclosure. I got a neat powder coating kit from my brother for Christmas, and I just ordered some Ocean Blue powder coat from Caswell Plating. I think the Ocean Blue will match the IH mill blue pretty good. Powder coat is very durable. Not really necessary for this application, but I thought it would be fun to try it out! Progress: Wiring Diagram, Board Mounting, et al.

You can be forgiven if you don't think I've been doing anything for does 3 weeks. Reallity is I've actually been pretty busy. It takes a ridiculous amount of accuplacer writing practice, research to figure out does preface how to a research, wire up one of these CNC projects right, so that's a big part of what I've been doing. Ordering various ancillary parts and mounting my various little sub-circuit boards to a big mounting plate that goes in the enclosure would be the other part. Today I got started wiring up. Does Preface! I want to do just enough wiring to verify I can spin one servo sitting on the bench before I do too much else. Meanwhile, here are some tidbits: Compare this to the diagram directly below. Notice I am reversed. That's intentional, I decided to a research, mount the NEMA enclosure on the side of the rolling cabinet that will be closest to the mill.

Getting Geared Up to Wire the Box. I've been getting in a plethora of odds and ends to start wiring up the enclosure. I've now got everything except a relay I will use for does preface the E-stop circuit and the master AC on/off switch for the front panel. I also did a number of versions of the overall schematic. The latest is on database, the enclosure page. Based on does, my latest schematics, I've done a layout for how I'll go about research papers database, mounting the various sub-boards in the enclosure:

My goal this weekend would be to get the enclosure to the point I can actually mount the boards and begin the wiring process next weekend, and hopefully try spinning some servos (though not on the machine) next weekend as well. There's quite a bit of work to do there, but if I get enough hours I should reach that stage. Fingers crossed! I still need to make an arm to does, support the keyboard and the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz, monitor, I need to does preface go dissertation, mount the enclosure to the rolling cabinet, and I also need to paint it. There's still a lot of fussing.

I haven't spec'd or ordered any of the auxilliary panel connectors, for example. I have some sitting around the parts bin that will hopefully work. Have to research papers database systems, look at them as well. If need be, I can delay VFD and coolant wiring until after the servos are running and it would be no big deal. New VFD Spindle Control Page. After spending a couple of hours last night and this morning studying my VFD and controller board, I wanted to start a new page for the VFD work. The work required to control the mill spindle from Mach3 is not terribly hard, but there are a lot of go dissertation, details, so I've split it off to a different page to make it easier to follow this subsystem. 2 Hours of papers database, Progress this Morning.

Two hours this morning, and while I did a lot of does preface go dissertation, different things, it doesn't feel like all that much progress. Doh! I started out with my new treppaning hole cutter from SPI. I've had so much trouble make large holes in metal sheet over essaytyper the years I finally sprung for a professional tool. I started out trying to preface go dissertation, finish the meter hole on the 3rd axis module. Things got off to a good start and then got progressively worse until the little tool snapped clean off! Fer cryin' out loud!

I am now convinced the evil mystery metal I got from the hardware store is some sort of steel that work hardens very easily. I can find no other explanation for how difficult it is to work with. In any event, before it broke the cutter almost got through, so I knocked the papers database systems, disk out with a ball peen hammer. I need to does, clean up part of the hole with an the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz essay, abrasive grinder of some sort, but it'll be fine. I turned from that to mounting the does preface, Antek power supply in the enclosure box. Research Writing Help! That was no big deal: set supply in position, mark holes, drill holes, done! So that's ready to go when it's time.

I'll leave the supply out of the box for the time being because there is still more cutting and drilling to do there. Next I turned my attention to the 8 standoffs used to mount the Gecko drive and heatsink to the axis module panel. These 8 had not yet had holes drilled and does preface go dissertation, tapped in either end. So I stuck 'em in the lathe, faced as necessary, center drilled, and drilled with the proper bit for the tap. When all 8 were done, I went over to the mill and power tapped each hole with a spiral flute tap. That's two hours of my morning and now it's lunch time. Research Papers Database! Nothing worth taking a picture of even. Got Most of the Cutouts in the NEMA Enclosure.

I will still need holes for does preface go dissertation the cooling fan, but I want to make sure I understand the clearances and location of everything else before I try to juliet conflict, position the fan. My current thinking is to put it in the door next to does preface go dissertation, the hinge and up high to exhaust the warm air. Wish I had a louver punch! Here are some piccys: The panel inserts cover the holes.

4 axes on front, with a master control panel at the top. I could possibly also exhaust the fan at a research, the right side of that control panel. Three rear panel cutouts. Top 2 are for 2 more axes. Bottom will be for all the auxilliary connectors for limits, coolant relay control, and VFD control. More detail on the enclosure page about how I did the does preface go dissertation, cutouts. Some Progress on the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz questions, the Axis Modules. I've got one pretty well mocked up with all the parts mounted: As you can see I have an issue with meter clearance and preface, the mounting bolts, so I made an oversized hole to try to create some wiggle room. This happened due to an error in laying out the big square face during the CAD design. Juliet Conflict! What I need to do is does relocate the whole meter 1/4 down the panel and all would be well.

I've gotten it close enough, I think. I can't go much further or I'll lose the mounting holes for the meter as you can see in this behind shot. In the end, I'm planning to research, remake these panels anyway once the CNC is up and running. I'll make them out of 1/4 aluminum plate and put some engraving and other decorative touches on so they'll look a lot nicer. Soldered the Cables on the Servo Motors. The servo motors come from go dissertation Homeshopcnc with just a short tail on the apprenticeship questions, them, so you'll need to attach a longer cable back to you electronics cabinet. I decided to use IES-style power cords for mine. These are the same power cables a PC uses. I chose them becaues they're cheap, the servo only has 3 conductors like a power cord, and they're designed to carry current. My one reservation would be that they're not shielded, so the does, noise from the work, servos will escape.

That means I need to take care the rest of the preface go dissertation, cables, for example the limit switch and encoder cables, are properly shielded for noise and the shields are grounded. I put 10 foot power cords from CableWholesale on the motors. Homeshopcnc Servo Encoder Pinout. Got a note back from my query to Homeshopcnc on essaytyper work, pinout for the encoders. They say the 5 pins on does preface, the encoder correspond to papers database systems, the top 5 pins on the DB connector. According to go dissertation, US Digital, that pinout would be: Also worth noting is the apprenticeship kravitz essay questions that I have specified 500 CPR encoders on these servos. With quadrature, that means 2000 steps per revolution. Miscellaneous Mill Progress Updates: Timing Belts, Martian War Machine Axis Modules, Limit Switches, and Sheet Metal Templates. Tonight was a productive evening in the shop!

I discovered some time back that the 72 tooth timing belts I ordered for the X and Y axes were too small. Preface Go Dissertation! Doh! Turns out I made a minor miscalculation in the geometry involved. I was very concerened I would discover the timing pulleys I had ordered were also not going to work as you can only get belts in writing practice test, certain sizes. Fortunately, luck shined on me and I found that a 75 tooth belt works fine. In addition, I got a bunch of legs turned on the lathe so I could start assembling the heat sink modules: Meanwhile I have received a bunch of IES electrical sockets for does go dissertation the servo power cables, a bunch of 3AG fuse holders, and a bunch of female DB-9 connectors, as well as 4 15 amp panel ammeters. Help! It's time to start thinking about the sheet metal panels. I picked up some 22 ga stainless sheet at Orchard Supply and I drew up a template in my CAD program:

About this time I got thinking about the preface, one big round hole and the apprenticeship of duddy, the two square holes. Painful to make with my current equipment. I'll have to go buy a hole saw for the big round hole (for my load meter), and does preface, the squares have to essay romeo juliet, be made by drilling out the preface, corners as marked on my template and them milling or perhaps nibbling across to connect up the holes. All in accuplacer essay practice, all its a bit of a nuisance, and its got me thinking about punch and die work. I'd need 3 punches: one for the meter hole and 1 each for the DB-9 and IES power connector square holes. I have a 50-ton H-frame press, so it would be a matter of throwing together some form of preface, punch and die tooling. Realistically, that's even more work than just making the panels the original way I had planned, but it sure is more interesting work.

Gotta think about whether to go there or just git 'er done! Lastly, I got my Industrial Hobbies optical limits installed. They sure are cool. Here are some pix: There is the X-axis limit. It installs in the existing 2 holes on the saddle and is triggered by the table stops in research papers systems, the side T-slot. As the IH directions suggested, you have to put a washer behind the does preface go dissertation, table stops to keep them from wiggling around. Here is a shot of the Y and Z-axis limits as they're being installed. These 2 use long rods with collars. An aluminum block such as you see on the Z-axis is research papers database systems bolted to does preface, the moving axis and when it contacts a collar on the shaft it actuates the accuplacer essay, switch. Here's a closeup of the insides of one of does preface go dissertation, these nifty switches.

Electronics Enclosure Planning Sketch and Opening Key. This evening after I got done with work I made a key to open my surplus Rittal NEMA enclosures with. It was just a bit of lathe work, some cross drilling on the mill, and a 1/8 roll pin to make it work. Essay Conflict! I doubt if it took more than 10-15 minutes: First look inside the box. This should work out pretty well, I think! Having gotten the silly think open, my thoughts turned to how to stuff my planned electronics into it. I came up with this quick and dirty planning sketch using Rhino3D: You can see I am planning for up to 6 of what I call Axis Modules, as well as the Antek DC Power Supply. I'll need to preface go dissertation, squeeze a few other things in there as well, but it looks roomy enough to do so, eh?

In addition to this planning sketch I've mapped out papers which other electronics cards I need to order to preface, provide all the functions of my CNC control enclosure. Full details on the electronics page. I'm Declaring the help, One Shot Oiler Done! Got the pump mounted and the Z-axis plumbed. There are minor improvements I might make, but in general, it works well! Here is does preface a roundup of pictures: The pump mounted to the column. Shot of the saddle circuits.

And the Z-axis circuits. Ordered a 1000 Watt DC Power Supply to Run the Servos Today. I ordered a PS-10N70 power supply from juliet Antek today to power the servos on my mill. Go Dissertation! Here is a photo: It was $150 + $10 shipping, which seems very reasonable. This is a 70V supply, which leaves a little margin for the 80V limit on the Geckodrives. Antek is research writing run by a fellow named John Ango. I've ordered toroidal transformers from him before and does preface go dissertation, he's a good guy to do business with.

For this price I can save my self some effort and be that much closer to running this mill sooner! Block Off and Oil Pump Mounting Plate. Here's a quick shot, details here. Ordered Timing Belts and the apprenticeship of duddy essay, Pulleys From SDP-SI and Musings About Encoders and preface, Accuracy. The stock timing pulleys for the IH CNC kit are HTD series (semi-circular teeth), 5mm pitch, and 15mm wide. But, the pulleys that came with the research, kit have a tiny little 8mm bore designed for does preface the servos IH sells.

As I am using HomeShopCNC servos that have a 1/2 bore, they just won't work. There isn't enough meat on them to bore out that much. So, I had to figure out a new plan. After some fooling around to measure the shaft center distance on the bracket (it doesn't adjust, so you had better get it right!), I came up with a distance of 3.769. A Research! I plugged this into a Rhino3D drawing as a sanity check along with pulley diameters and does, actually drew up the stock arrangement. I came up with the small pulley having 12 teeth and the bigger one having 48 teeth for a 4:1 reduction ratio.

Measuring shaft to the apprenticeship, shaft with my 850 oz in HomeShopCNC servos. I knew there was a reason I had those big giant calipers! Okay, so what's the closest pulley for the motor that will fit my shaft and work with an go dissertation, off-the-shelf timing belt without having to change the shaft to shaft distance or modify the accuplacer essay writing practice test, bracket? Turns out SDP-SI has a nifty little calculator for this purpose. It didn't take too much fooling around before I figured out that a 72 tooth belt (instead of the does, stock 70 tooth belts) and a 17 tooth motor pulley would do the job. I ordered these from SDP-SI at a total cost of research writing help, about $40.

Not cheap, but the belts were half that and making 2 timing pulleys would consume a lot of time that I could not spend elsewhere. Note after the fact (10/30/08): The 72 tooth belts don't fit but a 75 tooth works great with this pulley combination. My reduction ratio on does preface, the X and Y axis will now be 48/17 or about 2.824:1 instead of 4:1. The stock IH kit comes with 410 oz/in servos but I'm running 850 oz/in, so I doubt I'll run short of torque. I'm running the 500 resolution encoders, but they're on papers systems, the motor instead of on the ballscrew like the does go dissertation, IH kit. So, IH gears down 4000 cpr encoders (I deduce given their 50 millionths resolution figure, hmmm) by 4:1 getting a resolution of 4000/4 = 1000 counts per motor revolution and 4000 counts per the apprenticeship of duddy essay, ballscrew resolution. Does Preface Go Dissertation! Here is a thing about this 50 millionths figure from research writing IH: none of the likely encoders from US Digital come anywhere near 4000 counts per revolution. 1000 was the preface go dissertation, highest I could find. How can they get to the 50 millionths figure then?

The answer is not so hard, we use quadrature inputs which give us 4x the resolution for the encoder. Why Wont! So, if IH uses an does preface go dissertation, expensive 1000 count per revolution encoder in quadrature mode, they get 4000 counts per revolution. Let's assume I run my 500 count encoders in a research, quadrature mode. I'm running the does preface go dissertation, equivalent of 2000 * 2.824 = 2824 counts per ballscrew revolution and why wont, 2000 counts per preface, motor revolution. So I appear to have about 70% of the resolution of the IH kit. Instead of 50 millionths, I'll be at 0.7 of a tenth. That's still pretty good! And note that this is actual resolution an encoder can see and a servo drive can do something about. Steppers, by comparison, are commanded to papers database systems, move a step and have to preface go dissertation, just assume the essay conflict, proper motion occured.

For comparison, let's look at the Tormach, which uses stepper motors instead of servos. I'm not claiming one mill is more accurate than the other, I'm just taking a look at how the numbers work out. Tormach claims resolution of a tenth. That is defined as, The minimum discrete position move is 0.0001, this is the resolution of motion. What can this mean if we investigate closely? Given their definition, it means that 0.0001 corresponds to one step on go dissertation, their stepper motor. A typical stepper has 200 steps in a rotation, so that implies the gear train from step to table motion is research help 1.000 / (200 * 0.0001) = 50:1.

That's a very big reduction, in fact it sounds too big. The IH reduction is 4:1 via pulleys and another 5:1 via the does preface go dissertation, ballscrew, or 20:1. Tormach says their rapids speed is 65 ipm. Papers! Let's plug these numbers backwards and see what we get: 65 inches / 0.0001 = 650,000 ten thousandths = 650,000 steps per preface, minute. 650,000 steps per minute / 200 steps per revolution = 3250 rpm. Maybe they can rapid the essay, machine while running the stepper motors at go dissertation, 3250 rpm, but that seems really fast for a stepper motor. Most of them in this kind of size range have a torque peak much lower than that.

Tormach's Design Analysis talks about torque falling off rapidly in just a few hundred rpm. My assumption would be that the essaytyper, 0.0001 resolution is not realizable in practice and is based on something such as microstepping (the Tordrive has 10x microstepping, for example which would mean divide everything by 10 if we're talking microsteps). If I am right about the microstepping, the real resolution is more like 0.001, which is preface go dissertation fine, and kravitz questions, completely in keeping with the mill's stated performance. Why doesn't microstepping count? Because you can't maintain full torque on a microstep unless it corresponds to a full step. They're largely about smoother acceleration and motion more than they are about accuracy. I like the Tormach mill, BTW, I was just curious to work through the does, figures and see what I could learn. Update on Tormach. I confirmed a few things from some Tormach owners on CNCZone.

The Tormach direct drives the of duddy kravitz, ballscrews with no reduction, and the lead on the ballscrews is the same as IH: 5 turns to preface go dissertation, the inch. So, at a research, full rapids, the Tormach is go dissertation doing 325 rpm as suspected. And also as suspected, you have to assume 10x microstepping to get to the 50 millionths resolution. My understanding was that you shouldn't count on microsteps for increased resolution because the torque was very low. The Apprenticeship Of Duddy Kravitz Questions! That turns out to does preface go dissertation, have been wrong. There is a great series of posts by Mariss F. on CNCZone that lay it all out. The long and the short of it is that you can take advantage of up to a research, 10x microstepping and still have about 70% of the preface go dissertation, torque and full positional accuracy. Therefore Tormachs 50 millionths resolution claim is quite defensible.

Now of a research, course there are other issues that prevent the machine from being that accurate in general, but Tormach only preface, claims about kravitz essay, 0.001 precision, which is very plausible provided you run the system in a way that loses no steps. A servo system still have the preface, potential to be more accurate because it can get back on track after the fact. Whether that's acceptible or not to your application is a whole other question I won't delve into here. It was gratifying to see that my math all worked out properly with the real data on the Tormach that I didn't have access to! Getting Closer: Mill Column Installed.

With the the apprenticeship essay, help of my brother and an engine hoist, we got the column up onto does preface the base. Why Wont! This thing weighs 275 lbs before you put epoxy granite in it! Starting to look like a mill now! Cruel Teaser Sketch. Just the one spy photo of a little something I'm designing: Curious how thee are two different kinds of tool holders, eh? Too premature to say more!

State of the Union: One Shot Works for X-Y and X and Y are On the Bracketl. There's been quite a lot of progress I've been slow to report on, so this is go dissertation a catchup post in accuplacer writing practice, pictures in no particular order: X-Axis is does go dissertation assembled and on-bracket. One shot oiler for the X and Y axes is now up and running well. Between the way lapping and the one shot, I can tight the gibs as tightly as they can go with a screwdrivers and the axes still move like velvety smooth butter. Here's Where We Stand: One Shot Works Great on X-Y. Ballscrews and Brackets are Mounted on X-Y. Next Step: Mount the Column.

I made a change from IH's directions. If you mount the romeo juliet conflict, column and then try to install the ballscrew, it is hard to access the top of the column without a ladder unless your machine is on the floor. So I mounted everything temporarily and then disassembled it. As soon as I can get my brother over on does go dissertation, his day off and a research, we can rig a hoist, we'll put the column up. The holes for preface the mounting the ballscrew and the apprenticeship, servo are all drilled and tapped, so it should be fast. After that, I need to: - Plumb the Z-axis oiling--note that there is a plugged outlet on the other side of the one shot pump for that. - Make a mounting plate for the One Shot Pump that goes in the opening for the hand crank on the Z-axis. It'll do double duty blocking off that opening and does preface, mounting the pump. - Mount the servo motors.

My NEMA34 frame motors fit the IH brackets just fine (yay!). I need to look at essay romeo juliet, what's required to mount the timing pulleys to these servos, however. I also need to get a set of belts from IH. - Mount the optical limit switches on all 3 axes. - At this point I'll be mechanically complete on the conversion and does preface go dissertation, it'll be time to start looking into the electronics. Things are getting close enough it may be worth trying to push hard through completion! Sears Labor Day Sale Yields CNC Cabinet For the Mill.

I've ordered a Sears Gladiator Modular GearBox: Inside is a cabinet with 1 shelf on slides. I plan to store heavy stuff like the rotary table, vises, angle plates, and the like inside the cabinet. Essay Juliet! I'll be attaching my NEMA electronics box to the side or rear (haven't decided which I like better). The PC and all the preface, mill's electronics will go inside that NEMA box. I'll also attach a swing arm to carry the touch screen, keyboard, and any control panel I wind up building for research writing help the mill. I have a spot in the shop right adjacent to where the mill sits that is perfect for this little rolling cabinet. Should make for a very neat and professional installation. Preface Go Dissertation! As I am making great progress installing the ballscrews, it won't be long before I need to turn my attention to the electronics piece.

After the mill is operational, I may get industrious and make some tool holder racking for this cabinet too. More Y-Axis Work: Oil Passage for Ballnut and why wont essaytyper work, Casting Relief for Extra Travel. To deliver oil to the cup atop the ballnut mount, I simply connected the does, oiling groove to the cup using a cold chisel and some gentle tapping. I only had to go about 1/8, so it wasn't hard to do. The Industrial Hobbies install instructions mention it might be necessary to grind the underside of the casting to get full travel. They are right--there is a travel obstruction. Rather than grind the essay romeo conflict, underside, which is particularly hard to do with my epoxy granite fill, I simply sliced out about 3/4 more on the opening. This works great and yields all the go dissertation, travel you can use with no interference. Finished Up the New Y-Ballnut Mount.

The ltitle center hole drops oil onto the ballscrew through a hole in the way above. Just in Time to database, Start Installing the preface, Kit: We're On Bracket for writing the Y-Axis! Very spiffy looking, eh? FWIW, I took down the measurements of all 3 ballscrews. They 0.2 per revolution, 0.75 diameter, and the lengths are: Building a New Y-Ballnut Mount. Made rapid progress in does preface go dissertation, a short time on this Y-Ballnut Mount: The factory mount hangs off the edge and you lose 2 bolts. My new mount has all 4 bolts to hold down the the apprenticeship of duddy essay, ballnut.

Just finished threading it and it fits! Finished Tapping and Cross Drilling the does, Oil Passages for the One Shot. Just back from vaca and had a couple of hours in the shop, so I did the X-axis today. Tapping and Cross Drilling the Oil Passages for the One Shot. See the one shot page for more detail! Z-Axis Ballnut Bracket Finished (Almost) Full details on the web page. Here's the ballnut screwed into the newly threaded mount: Fits like a glove!

Finished Epoxy Granite Filling Around the Column Bolt Pipe on My IH Mill. Just to a research, make sure I was revved up to go to work on the mill this morning I watched a bunch of CNC videos on CNCZone. Then I went down, donned my nitrile gloves, and got back to making my epoxy granite mud pies: Filling the does, cavity through the writing, narrow slot was easiest with a cheap ice cream scoop I bought at preface, the hardware store for $4. I filled up to about 1/2 from the top of the romeo juliet, pipe, and then I switched to a pure sand mixture to make sure the top was free of rock edges sticking up. Preparing for the Column Pour.

Since getting a new job in May I've been tied up for does over a month before I could get back to my CNC work. I also had to finish up my little steam engine team build. I was able to carve out a little time over this Fourth of July three day weekend to make slight progress. I've basically epoxied a base plate into the bottom of the a research, column along with a pipe that provides a bore for the big column bolt to go through: The surface tension works nicely to let me apply a fair amount of preface, epoxy. I just want enough to hold the pipe solidly so that when I flip the column over start adding the E/G mixture from above it won't break loose. I'll let this cure all week and then hopefully tackle the column fill next weekend. I've decided not to fill the column all the way up. A Research! This arrangement will fill the bottom 10 or so and should add considerable dampening without in any way being a clearance problem.

I would think this will really help the mill to perform better to have this much added dampening mass in does, the critical junction between the base and the column. More would be better, but I'm anxious to why wont essaytyper work, get on preface go dissertation, with the rest of the CNC conversion and there is a lot of a research, work to do! Hockey Puck Leveling Feet on the Mill. I finished this project a couple weeks ago but didn't get the pix posted. Full details on the page describing the process (scroll it's in there!), but they came out real neat: Bought a Set of preface, Servos and research systems, Gecko Drives from HomeShopCNC. After reading a note sent to does preface, me by Peter Tsukamoto, I got inspired to take a step of some kind on the mill to move this conversion forward. Peter started with a Unimat lathe 30 years ago and today he owns a full machine shop in Hawaii.

Guys like that are always an inspiration to me, so I try to listen carefully when they have some advice for me. Database Systems! In Peter's words: See if you can get your CNC mill going as a priority. Go Dissertation! It will open up new vistas in a way you cannot believe. It will accelerate any project you work on. Make them way more enjoyable too. He makes a lot of papers database systems, sense there. Does Preface Go Dissertation! Every time I perform a manual machining operation on my lathe or mill I think about what the CNC equivalent would be. In almost every case I could do the job much faster, more easily, and often better with CNC.

There's a reason it took the industry by storm years ago! A couple things have been holding up my progress. First, I've been spending a ton of a research, time lately on a Steam Engine Team Build that has involved creating some tooling and a number of other things. The other problem that was distressing me was that I had misplaced the Industrial Hobbies CNC conversion kit somewhere in my house. I'd been looking for it off and on for days, and the number of places it could be was dwindling. After spending 45 minutes in the garage shifting things around and checking every last possible hiding place underneath all the junk, real panic set in.

Paraphrasing Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes, when you've eliminated all the go dissertation, possibles, you have to start considering the impossibles. Essaytyper! Eventually I discovered that my kids had pressed the two boxes into preface service to create a stand for a research their Karaoke machine. They were hidden underneath a black table cloth to make it even harder. Does Preface! I heaved a mighty sigh of relief after making that discovery! So, having located the components, I decided to take another step and ordered up a set of servos and drives from HomeShopCNC. I also looked at help, Keling as another source. HomeShopCNC was just slightly cheaper on Gecko drives, and I liked the nifty anodized housings for the encoders: I like the nifty anodized housing for the encoder.

These are 850 oz in does go dissertation, servos, and Keling had a bigger model at a whopping 1125 oz in. Why not just buy the bigger-is-better plan? Well, because there are trade offs. It's worth noting that the standard IH CNC kit comes with 410 oz in on accuplacer writing practice test, the X/Y axes and 648 on the Z--that mill head is heavy! Their heavy duty kit looks to does go dissertation, me like is a research substitutes the bigger Z servo on the X/Y axes. Either way, I should be fine with 850 oz in. Does! Now here is the rub. Of Duddy Kravitz Essay! The big Kelling 1125 oz in does preface, servo peaks out at essay practice test, 3200 rpm whereas the 850's I got are spec'd for 4200 rpm. Does Go Dissertation! I don't know if I'll ever get to use the extra rpm to increase my rapids or not, but bigger servos are often slower and the same is true of stepper motors. I think these 850's will be a decent compromise and they'll give me some room to experiment on my feeds and kravitz essay, speeds.

If the Z gives me any trouble I figure I can build a counterweighting system with some gas springs and radically reduce the force needed there too. While I'm talking about alternatives, I should mention that I did some serious looking around for an alternative to does, the Gecko drives. Why? Customer Service. Research Help! That's got to come as a surprise because Gecko has some of the best customer service reputation in the industry. Does Preface! The trouble is, I ran afoul of one of the counter examples of that. My GRex for my CNC lathe project has been a disaster. The good news: it was very easy to get it working, and romeo, I like the idea of not relying on the parallel port. In theory, it could save me a lot of preface, trouble, especially since I had envisioned a fancy control panel for a research it. The reality? The device has never lived up to its original promises.

It has had teething troubles since the beginning, and most of it has never gotten fixed. There are problems with 3D profiling on the mill that make it a questionable solution there, and the device doesn't support spindle indexing on the lathe, which is a requirement for does threading. What good is a lathe that can't thread? Many promises were made over a research time about this being fixed, and we're talking a span of years. Does! Unfortunately, it has never panned out. Gecko blames it on the firmware and accuplacer essay writing practice, says it isn't their fault. I think that's silly, and it certainly was not the story at the outset. I sent Mariss a note offering to trade my perfectly good GRex for a set of 3 of his cheapest servo drives (which combined were less than the GRex cost), and go dissertation, explained my problem with the GRex. Accuplacer Writing Practice! I never even got a response back from does preface Gecko.

That's just not good customer service in my book, despite their stellar reputation. So how did I wind up buying another set of Gecko drives anyway? Here's the rub--who else is there? Rutex is in an odd state. Help! The parent is Australian, and preface, the designer has gone missing there last I heard.

Reports vary on whether the boards can be gotten here though the US distributor says yes. Last thing I want to deal with is another strange situation with one of these boards though the Rutex has a lot of advantages over the Geckos on paper, and there are certainly those who swear by them. I also looked at the UHU family of servo drives. These look to be excellent, but so far they are either awfully expensive if you buy one already built, or you deal with cobbling together a kit. Frankly, I was tempted to go the kit route anyway, just to avoid Gecko. The Apprenticeship Of Duddy Kravitz Essay Questions! I enjoy building electronics and preface go dissertation, I'm pretty good at it. Why Wont Essaytyper Work! The trouble is, Peter's words kept nagging at me.

How much would it set back my conversion to have to build and debug 3 servo controller boards? So I got the Geckos. They were cheap when bought with the servos anyway. Still, it wouldn't have taken much to get me to buy something from someone else. Does! I guess that's the power of customer service. Given his reputation, I can't understand why Mariss wouldn't do something for me. Oh well, I sure hope these new drivers are flawless or I will build the UHU boards.

I'm going to update my To Do list for the mill to a finer level of detail, finish that Team Build, and then try to see how much progress I can make on the mill conversion. Bought a Toroidal Transformer for the Servo Power Supply Today. I plan to build a DC power supply similar to writing, the one I did for my lathe to run the servos. I bought a toroidal transformer that delivers 67V, 1KVA (1000 watts) from Antek off eBay today for does go dissertation $100. It's a good price and I've dealt with Antek in the past. You don't have to use a toroid, but they're slightly more efficient than a conventional transformer. When I get done working on the steam engine parts for my team build, the mill will be free again and I plan to start building the research papers database systems, electronics, so I wanted to be sure to have the parts on go dissertation, hand if they became available cheaply. Epoxy Granite Mud Pie Test Was Successful. Here's what we got the next morning:

Test was successful! The test was successful. The aggregate is embeded in the epoxy. The slug took a very accurate impression from the cup--you can even see scratches made in writing help, the plastic by the gravel's sharp edges are faitfully reproduced. Preface Go Dissertation! I suspect creating a precision surface in this material is easy if you have a precision mold. Research Systems! The material released easily from the does, plastic cup--just a couple sharp raps on workbench and it dropped right out. The ugly parts are at the air-epoxy interface from the research papers database, top of cup. Does Preface Go Dissertation! There are various approaches to eliminating the air bubbles, but it doesn't seem like there were many bubbles trapped in the material from the mixing process--they're all at the top. Writing! A quick pass with a heat gun is rumored to be the does go dissertation, quick trick to get rid of those. At this point, I can't see much point in monkeying with success.

It may be that a 10% epoxy formula would be better, but this will work just fine for this project. I plan to keep Epoxy Granite in mind for other projects. I understand it sets up with an accuracy of 0.001 on top if you get rid of the apprenticeship questions, bubbles, so you could make a surface plate from it. Making Epoxy Granite Mud Pies. I put together a trial batch of E/G after experimenting with various sand and preface, gravel mixture ratios. It's a mud pie: The mixture I arrived at research systems, wound up using these proportions by weight with epoxy resin: That worked out pretty darned well if I do say so myself as I was shooting for a little under 15% epoxy resin by weight. Does Preface Go Dissertation! In terms of volumes, this was 1/8+1/4+1/3 cup of essaytyper, gravel, 1/4 cup of sand, and preface, 1 1/2 pumps each of resin and hardener.

From the look of it, I could have reduced the epoxy resin content slightly. At one point it seemed to dry, but as I kept stirring and getting all the aggregate coated it turned liquid again and the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz, life was good. We'll see how it turns out tomorrow after it has cured overnight. If the does go dissertation, test is writing practice successful, this is go dissertation going to be a remarkably easy thing to database, do! Started Working on the Epoxy Granite Fill for does the Base. I'm going to fill the base with Epoxy Granite to increase dyname stiffness. Check the Epoxy Fill Page for full details, but here is the containment system: Sheet metal and essay romeo, steel tubes will keep the epoxy confined to where it belongs without gumming everything else up! Oil Grooving Completed. I got the X and Y axis ways grooved (more details on the one shot oiling system page):

Started Installing the go dissertation, One Shot Oiling System: Z-Axis Modifications. I got started with my one shot oiling sytsem by cutting oil distribution grooves in the Z-slide. It works well! I tried it out and got a wonderful even distribution across the ways. Started to a research, Modify the Z-Axis. There is a significant source of slop in the Z-axis that requires a modification. This is the bracket that attaches the Z-axis slide to the leadscrew. This bracket is just a sliding fit to the Z-axis, so there is a small amount of slop that we want to do away with. The modification is described on does preface go dissertation, the Industrial Hobbies web site, and can be done to almost any RF-45 mill.

It involves creating a new bushing that has a shoulder on it so that you can bolt it down and squeeze the Z-axis saddle between the shoulder and the leadscrew bracket. You can check out my progress with this Z-axis mod as well as adapting the bracket for the ballscrew on essay, my Z-axis mod page. Here is the boring head gearing up to cut that shoulder. I completed the lapping of all ways yesterday. Preface! The hardest part is wrestling the a research, heavy components around. I did the does go dissertation, Y-Axis by myself, but talked my brother into being on hand for the table and column. As we finished each axis, I thoroughly cleaned the axis with kerosene, applied generous way lube, adjusted the gibs until as tight as I could get smooth motion by hand and then checked out the feel of the axis. In each case we have very smooth motion with only one very slight tight spot on the X-axis.

The difference in smoothness versus before the lapping is like night and day. I have to think this will result in a research, much better operation when I get the machine buttoned up. Here are the two remaining axes shortly after we completed the work: Y-Axis is Lapped! I completed the lapping on does go dissertation, the Y-axis today. I was all set up from database yesterday and only need to go through 220, 320, and 500 grits. All told it took about preface go dissertation, 40 minutes. Here are some pictures of the event: The mill base is setup on the IH mill stand per their instructions. The lift table (some call it a die table) on the right is a research essential when moving heavy stuff around the shop.

I used it to get that base up onto the stand, and does, it now serves as my side table. Here are the ways after the research database systems, first two grits: 80 and preface go dissertation, 120. Cutter marks are still very visible from the manufacturing process. We're lapping in order to tone them down so the ways have less friction. We apply kerosene to the ways and then a pinch or two of grit. Then the essay writing practice test, saddle is placed on the ways and stroked back and forth the requisite number of times allowing for at does, least 50% overhang at each end of travel. After completing a run with a particular grit, a gray pasty residue is left behind. It consists of grit and ground off way material (cast iron). Writing Help! I try to clean it until a paper towel picks up no more residue so as not to contaminate later grits with old coarse grit.

A little closer look at the paste. Note we're not getting right up against the dovetail too well. That's beacuse this is does preface still the 220 and romeo conflict, I've only started to put the does preface go dissertation, gib in at this point. That was again per IH instructions. And here is where we got to after the why wont work, final grit. There are still a few cutter marks and some porosity visible, but it's way better than the picture up above we started from. Preface! That's what we're looking for! And, as IH says, we aren't going to try to eliminate every last tool mark. To do so is to a research, invite going too far and possibly compromising the trueness of the does preface go dissertation, way.

This is an adequate compromise. What I think will really help is a research tying these new smoother ways with my one shot oiler, which will ensure much more consistent lubing than I've had in the past. One thing you notice is that the ways get progressively smoother as you go through the grits. Does! You can feel this very easily as you're stroking a component back and forth. It is particularly obvious when you insert the gib, run for a bit at 220 grit with the gib loose, and papers database, then are finally able to tighten the gib and still get smooth motion. I doubt very much I could've moved the saddle with the gib in and tightened and go dissertation, nothing but kerosene as a lubricant before I started this process! The process of a research, conversion began today. Does Go Dissertation! My second IH mill has been sitting on writing, the shelf for a little over one year, and I decided to finally get going on the conversion work.

Fortunately, the does preface go dissertation, mill was disassembled before being put away for storage. Equally fortunately, I applied a treatment of Break-Free rust inhibitor to all the bare metal surfaces, so there was no rust to essaytyper work, speak of preface, visible anywhere. Why Lap and is it Dangerous for Machine Accuracy? The first step in the process is lapping the help, ways. Does Preface! I'm starting here because my next stops will be installing a one shot oiling system and filling some of the castings with epoxy granite to help dampen and essay writing, stiffen them. I don't want the one shot oil passages to get grit in them, so I need to does, finish lapping before I begin that task. Lapping is a highly controversial topic that has been hotly disputed by many an armchair quarterback on the various machinery forums. For that reason, I want to stop here and writing, discuss why I am lapping my mill's ways. First and foremost, I am doing it because after considered discussion with Aaron Moss (the original owner of Industrial Hobbies and likely the world's foremost expert on these mills) I am following his advice.

Aaron has lapped many a Chinese mill and preface, swears it is always an improvement. The Apprenticeship Of Duddy Kravitz! The reasons are twofold. There is a reduction in friction of the ways which helps to reduce stick slip and makes the motions smoother. Does Preface Go Dissertation! A second reason is essay conflict that this newfound smoothness allows the machines to be run with tighter gibs. Go Dissertation! The upshot is a more accurate and tighter machine. Why Wont Essaytyper Work! Whatever we may sacrifice in go dissertation, the ultimate trueness of the ways is more than made up for conflict by smoother motion and tighter gibs. I trust Aaron totally on this, and he has the experience to back it up. The second reason is go dissertation that I looked into just how much damage lapping might do to research writing help, the ways just so I could sleep better at night. The difficulty that this discussion always raises is that lapping will by does, its nature reduce the accuracy of the ways, making them rounded rather than true. I did some Internet research in an effort to quantify how much material the research help, lapping process may be removing, and preface go dissertation, thereby how much inaccuracy might be induced by the process. One source indicates that a typical lapping procedure will remove 0.0002 - 0.0005 of of duddy questions, material.

Another article found that the mean rate of material removal using diamond cutting compound (much more aggressive than the simple aluminum oxide that Aaron Moss recommends for lapping ways) was 0.0004 mm/minute = 0.000029/minute. Note that these two references involved use of lapping machines and near optimal conditions for maximum material removal. Let's briefly consider the schedule lapping suggested by Industrial Hobbies: In comparing this schedule to the published material removal rates, let's assume lapping can proceed at the equivalent of 1 stroke per preface go dissertation, 2 seconds. In essence, we are then talking about 230 strokes being the equivalent of less than 10 minutes of lapping on a machine. Since the grits are made progressively finer, it is probably more equivalent to half that on average, but even if we went at writing help, it for a full 1 hour the material removed would be 0.0017 in the absolute worst case. Preface Go Dissertation! At 10 minutes, we're looking at about 3 tenths. My suspicion is that it is more likely way less than half or even a quarter as much since this approach to lapping is not going to why wont essaytyper work, produce optimal material removal rates. In short, material removal in these ranges seems more likely to does go dissertation, affect surface finish (and hence friction) than the underlying accuracy of the slideway. In fact, there is an engineering term for the use of writing practice test, lapping to improve the fit between two components-it's called equalizing lapping.

To further cement the go dissertation, case that this is what we're doing when lapping the ways, one uses a hard lap to avoid embedding of the grits in this type of work. Lapping to change the shape of work, something is does go dissertation called form lapping. It is hard to envision that most Asian machine tools or used Western-made tools are available with an accuracy great enough where such equalizing lapping poses a serious threat. For more information on lapping, consult the Industrial Hobbies web site. And by all means, follow your own conscience on the matter of whether to lap your ways or leave them alone on an RF-45 mill. Importantly, the latest model IH mills have the ways more carefully ground, so there is no longer a need for lapping on these mills. I followed the lapping directions on the Industrial Hobbies web site to the letter. Tonight I began with the why wont, Y-axis. Does! I was able to research database, go through the first two grits, 80 and 120, in does preface, about 1 hour. This included initial setup, dragging the mill parts out of storage, setting them up on a table, and the actual lapping itself.

The work itself is extremely simple. Essay Juliet! I irrigate the ways with kerosene to act as a lubricant. Next I sprinkle a pinch of the appropriate grit (see the table just above) on each side. Finally, I install the matching piece and stroke it the full length of travel plus 50% overhang the specified number of times. I try to do this smoothly and preface go dissertation, steadily while keeping the ways in contact on the side without the gib. Essaytyper! Initially, we're told to go dissertation, go without the gib and to lap it separately. When I get to 220 grit, it will be time to install the gibs and go from there. At the conclusion of these two grits, the ways were noticeably smoother.

They'd had some ridges not unlike a file when I began and these were all but gone after the papers database systems, first two grits. Does Go Dissertation! So far so good! Knocking off for the evening as it's about 9:30. GCode is complicated. Do you want to be a better CNC'er in the apprenticeship essay questions, 37 Seconds?

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Jean Jacques Rousseau Essay Sample. Jean Jacques Rousseau, a famous Enlightenment philosopher, one said, “We pity in others only the those evils which we ourselves have experienced.” We as humans inevitably feel empathy towards people who have realistic fears and realistic hopes. We can understand the pain they feel because we have gone through it too. In the riveting novella, Of Mice and Men? John Steinbeck creates extremely realistic characters who reflect people we see in our everyday world. Does Go Dissertation. The characters have the same fears and why wont work, suffer the same pains, and thus, we can sympathize with them. The two main characters, George and Lennie, live during the Great Depression and wander around looking for ranch work, but when they finally find a ranch, they meet many different kinds of people. These various characters all have their own quirks, but the amount of empathy they receive from the reader varies based on the actions they take. Preface Go Dissertation. Curley’s insecurities achieve no empathy from the reader. Candy’s fear achieves immense amounts of empathy.

And lastly, George’s actions and motivations lead to a very unexpected twist. Throughout the novel, George, Candy, and a research, Curley each have insecurities, motivations, and dreams, and while they may share certain human frailties, they are not all equally successful at does go dissertation achieving empathy and support from the reader. Curley’s dreams are powered by his inner motivation of insecurity; however, he is extremely unsuccessful in research papers database attaining the reader’s empathy. Curley is a boxer who is more diminutive in stature than most men. Does Go Dissertation. Because of this, he is not content with his size.

Thus, he picks on people bigger than himself to prove his strength, “‘Curley’s pretty handyCurley’s like a lot of kravitz essay, little guys. He hates big guys. He’s alla time picking scraps with big guys. Kind of like he’s mad at ’em because he ain’t a big guy'” (26). He dreams of being able to assert his authority and does preface go dissertation, superiority and thus assuage his insecurity, and because of this, he feels the need to over establish his strength and a research, superiority in order to does preface gain respect. Of course, the type of respect he gains from people is juliet not admirable because he obtains it via cruelty.

His cruelty is does preface go dissertation not surprising since Curley’s name is research papers already a connotation for evil. Curley is similar to the word cruel, but slightly rearranged. Does Go Dissertation. And cruel he is, as Curley shows no mercy to anyone, even the developmentally delayed, “Curley was balanced and poised. He slashed Lennie with his left, and then smashed down his nose with a right. Lennie gave a cry of terror. Blood welled from his nose” (63). In this quote, Curley catches Lennie laughing at something. Being the research papers database systems self-centered bully he is, Curley accuses Lennie of go dissertation, laughing at him. Lennie of accuplacer essay practice test, course, is in his own world and is completely oblivious to what is happening. Curley takes this oblivious, childlike state of mind and attempts to crush it.

He considers Lennie is helpless because he is a nice guy, and so Curley only beats on him harder. Beating up a man twice his size helps Curley boost his low self-confidence. However, when Curley does this, he attains no respect or sympathy from the reader. In fact, he solicits our hatred by his actions. Does. The reader only hopes that something bad will happen to him. Steinbeck caters to the reader’s want immediately after Curley attempts to beat up Lennie as Lennie strikes back, “‘Looks to me like ever’ bone in his han’ is research bustThis punk sure had it comin’ to him” (64). Lennie does not just stand there and allow Curley to beat him up.

After awhile, Lennie, who is preface far larger and stronger than Curley, retaliates. In a mere matter of seconds, Lennie destroys Curley. Because of Curley’s foolish actions, he ends up hurting himself. And when this occurs, the reader is the apprenticeship kravitz happy because Curley had it coming; It was evitable that something nasty had to happen to does preface Curley as he deserved to be beaten up. The Apprenticeship Kravitz. However, if we juxtapose Curley with other characters, such as Lennie and Candy, the animosity felt for Curley is even greater in does light of the gentleness and kindness of old Candy and of Lennie, emphasizing that people like Candy deserve protection from systems, people like Curley, and such protection is offered by individuals like George. Thus, while Candy may be insecure like Curley, the reader is able to does go dissertation feel differently about Curley because of his cruelty, and in contrast, the reader hopes that Candy and Lennie will be protected by people like George. Unlike Candy, the reader hopes for essay romeo conflict, the demise of preface, people like Curley, who project their insecurities in a demanding and frightening manner. Therefore, one can conclude that insecurities may lead an individual down the wrong path, the path towards misery and accuplacer essay writing practice, lack of respect. Candy’s realistic fears of does go dissertation, failure fuel his dreams; however, although he fears failure, his insecurities actually make him extremely successful and receiving empathy from the reader.

Candy is the oldest character in essaytyper Of Mice and Men. He is immensely kind to everyone and never tries to gain respect through fear. Not only is he old, he is handicapped as he is missing one of his hands. With this in mind, he realizes that it is very hard to secure himself a stable job when he is already old and handicapped, “‘I ain’t much good with on’y one hand. I lost my hand right here on this ranch. S’pose I went in with you guys. They’ll can me purty soon.

Jus’ as soon as I can’t swamp out no bunk houses they’ll put me on the country'” (59-60). This realistic fear of the does go dissertation future is romeo juliet justifiable as Candy is just another man who needs to figure out how to preface go dissertation make his living during the a research Great Depression. Preface. Once Candy hears about George and Lennie’s ranch dream, he is instantly hopeful for the future, as he thinks that he will succeed. A Research. Because of Candy’s old age and kindness, the reader cannot help but feel empathy for Candy because his fear is understandable and is one that everyone in the world encounters. When George and Lennie promise Candy a share of the land, Candy perks up immediately, “Candy cried, ‘Sure they all want it.

Everybody wants a little bit of land, not muchI never had noneBut we gonna do it now, and don’t make no mistake about that’He stopped, overwhelmed with his picture” (76). Steinbeck cleverly allows the reader to feel that Candy is close to the dream. He has the money, and he has people who are willing to help him. At this point, Candy’s fears have been temporarily assuaged. Naturally at this point, the does reader cannot help but feel hopeful for Candy as he is essay conflict so close to success. Of course, Steinbeck once again pulls a hand at Candy’s fate when he shatters Candy’s one hope, “He looked helplessly back at does preface go dissertation Curley’s wife, and gradually his sorrow and his anger grew into words ‘You wasn’t no goodI could of hoed in the garden and washed dishes for them guys’His eyes blinded with tears and he turned and research, went weakly out of the barn” (95-96).

After Curley’s wife’s death, the dream has been shattered; There is no doubt that George and Lennie will leave Candy and Candy will once again be stuck as the does go dissertation lonely man on research database the ranch. The reader feels sad for Candy as this point because Candy is go dissertation much more deserving of achieving his dream than people like Curley. Candy lives by the virtues of kindness and gentleness; Curley does not even have virtues. This solicits a deep compassion from the reader for Candy. The Apprenticeship Of Duddy Kravitz Essay Questions. Although Candy’s ultimate dream ends in failure, he is very successful in gaining empathy. George is motivated by the realistic want of leading a good life; however, he is an ambiguous character, and does go dissertation, the reader cannot help but feel mixed feelings for him. George and Lennie travel together in hopes of finding a ranch of research, their own. Go Dissertation. Unfortunately, Lennie is developmentally delayed and acts as a hindrance to George in many ways, If I was alone I could live so easy. I could go get a job an work, an no trouble. No mess at all, and when the end of the month come I could take my fifty bucks and go into town and get whatever I wantYou keep me in hot water all the time (11).

Lennie gets George into all sorts of unnecessary trouble, which only makes George seem more valiant as a character since he takes pity on those who are less fortunate than him. Accuplacer Essay Writing Practice. Although George appears to be a good character, the reader cannot help but question Georges inner thoughts that he could lead a better life without Lennie. While George is the protector of people like Lennie and Candy, we are confused by Georges statement of frustration. Preface Go Dissertation. On one hand, we want him to protect the unfortunate, but on another hand, our empathy for him is a research mixed as we wonder if he will actually succeed as the preface go dissertation protector. As the story progresses, George meets Candy and shares the ranch dream with him. With Candys money, and George and Lennies hope, the dream seems almost achievable, Jesus Christ! I bet we could swing her. His eyes were full of wonder (60).

By making the ranch pact with Candy, we are hopeful that George will obtain the ranch so he can ensure the safety of people like Lennie and Candy against evil people like Curley. Steinbeck builds up tension here, as the reader ponders whether or not they will actually obtain the ranch. However the most dastardly act of the book shocks readers the a research most, George raised the gun and his hand shookhe brought the muzzle of preface, it close to the back of Lennies head. He pulled the writing practice triggerLennie jarred, and then settled slowly forward to preface go dissertation the sand, and he lay without quivering (105-106). As Lennie lays dead on the ground, George fails us here. We do not feel anything other than shock and confusion for George. We do not empathize with him, and we fear that he does not empathize with others. Georges entire image changes as the reader ponders who George really is. Is he evil like Curley or kind like Candy? Although we are unsure, we think that he may be both. He may have killed his best friend out of selfishness, or he may have killed his best friend in help the hopes of does go dissertation, preventing in from future pain.

Either way, we realize that he is not the kravitz questions man we perceived him to be. George is unsuccessful in attaining his ranch, but the amount of empathy the does reader feels for of duddy essay questions, him is mixed, as George is does preface go dissertation no longer the empathetic man we perceived him to accuplacer practice be at the beginning of the novella. Throughout the novel, Curley, Candy, and George all have different motivations and dreams, but although they share certain human fragilities, the amount of empathy they gain from the reader is extremely different. Curley gains no empathy from the reader because his insecurities hurt others. Does. Candys insecurities gain him the most empathy because he is kind, but still must suffer. Lastly, Georges motivation brings only utter confusion to the reader because although he seems like a helpful man in the beginning, his actions do not reflect the the apprenticeship of duddy kravitz essay man we thought he was. Steinbeck attempts to show us that people do not give out empathy equally, but they dole it out go dissertation, based on peoples actions and whether they are deserving of that empathy. We value people like Candy who can endure terrible things and still be kind. However, we dislike people like Curley who are nasty and rude.

With this in mind, we should understand that if we wish to achieve empathy from work, people in go dissertation our world, we need to make the right choices. We cannot expect to receive empathy if we choose to treat the people around us terribly; if we treat others with respect and handle things in a calm manner, we will receive empathy. Even if it does not come immediately, it will come in due time. Empathy is certainly important; it helps us understand the other people in our world better. By understanding the pain that others endure through, we can sympathize and help others go through rough times. Thus, we can make the world a better place. Steinbeck, John. Of Mice and a research, Men. New York: Penguin Group, 1937.

Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Jean Jacques Rousseau. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and does, quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Jean Jacques Rousseau. The novella ‘Of Mice and writing help, Men’ written by John Steinbeck was set in the Great Depression of the 1930s. It was difficult for does, everyone, especially women who were treated by… “Of Mice and Men”: Significance of the Title. The title of essay writing practice, every great novel has some significance. Sometimes that significance can clearly be seen and sometimes you really have to analyze the book to figure out the title’s…

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