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Composition Patterns: Cause and …

Cause essay example

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Pretty Woman et le complexe de Cendrillon. Posted by essay example, Julie G. Essay Youtube! 1423 days ago. En psychologie, le « complexe de Cendrillon » designe un desir inconscient eprouve par les femmes d’etre prises en charge, le plus souvent par leur partenaire masculin. Cause Example! Cette theorie est developpee pour la premiere fois par Colette Dawling dans son livre intitule Le Complexe de Cendrillon . Best College Admission Essay! Le « complexe de Cendrillon » est problematique car il est le resultat direct d’une societe patriarcale qui pousse les femmes a se mettre en position d’attente, telle Cendrillon attendant son prince Charmant, plutot que d’etre independantes et de prendre le controle de leur vie. Le « complexe de Cendrillon » trouve principalement son origine dans l’education « differenciee » que recoivent les filles et les garcons. Cause! En effet, les garcons sont eduques pour l’action et les filles pour l’attente. On Death! De plus, les femmes sont eduquees pour etre dependantes des hommes, tant dans les modeles de fiction (les damoiselles en detresse sauvees par les heros virils et puissants) que dans les injonctions quotidiennes des medias (sois belle pour trouver un homme, ne te promene pas toute seule la nuit, tes enfants avant ta carriere). Essay Example! Le fait de creer ainsi de toute piece une dependance des femmes envers les hommes est l’une des bases du systeme patriarcal qui maintient la domination masculine sur les femmes.

Ce complexe est entretenu tout au long de la vie par les medias comme la television, les magazines feminins, le cinema et la litterature, et notamment par des ?uvres creees par des femmes pour des femmes telles que Twilight (que j’ai deja analyse ailleurs sur le site) ou le roman erotique qui s’en est directement inspire, 50 Shades of statement exercises, Grey . Essay Example! Dans ces deux ouvrages (et films pour Twilight ), l’homme prend le controle sur sa partenaire feminine (qui adore ca). How To Write Penalty?! Il est effrayant de constater que l’on peut qualifier Edward Cullen et Christian Grey de « harceleurs », et pis encore que leur comportement est plebiscite non seulement par leurs heroines mais surtout par des milliers de femmes a travers le monde. Cause Example! Les histoires de Cendrillon ou les femmes sont passives et les hommes actifs nous sont vendus comme des fantasmes apportant le bonheur a l’une comme a l’autre des deux parties. Statement! Le fait que ces ouvrages soient ecrits par des femmes et plebiscites par des femmes montre a quel point les normes heterosexistes et patriarcales ont ete bien integrees par les femmes elles-memes a force d’etre martelees a longueur de temps[1]. Dans cet article, j’aimerais revenir sur l’un des films qui exploite le plus le complexe de Cendrillon, Pretty Woman . Pretty Woman raconte l’histoire de Vivian (Julia Roberts), travailleuse du sexe sur Hollywood Boulevard, qui rencontre par hasard Edward, un riche businessman ayant des problemes sentimentaux. Cause Example! Tombe sous le charme de Vivian, Edward lui propose de l’accompagner pour le reste de la semaine. Au debut du film, le personnage de Vivian est tres clairement en galere, sa colocataire a utilise l’argent du pot commun pour acheter de la drogue et elle n’a plus de quoi payer le loyer. Best Essay! Sa rencontre avec le personnage d’Edward lui permet d’etre a l’abri du besoin et d’evoluer dans un monde de luxe auquel elle n’aurait jamais eu acces sinon. Cause Essay! Edward sort litteralement Vivian de la misere.

Elle devient donc financierement dependante de lui et les deux personnages finissent en couple a la fin du film, il est difficile d’envisager pour Vivian un autre avenir que celui de « femme de ». Comme la majorite des personnages de conte de fee, Cendrillon est principalement definie comme etant jolie (mais elle est aussi douce et soumise, des qualites « typiquement feminines »). Write A Research On Death! Pretty Woman reprend cette caracteristique en faisant du physique et du look de son personnage feminin principal l’un des elements cles du film. Cause! Certes, la majorite des films sont aphrodistes[2] et les actrices sont generalement choisies pour leur physique avantageux, mais Pretty Woman (litteralement « Jolie Femme » en francais, ce qui annonce deja la couleur…) pousse le concept tres loin. Pour commencer le personnage de Vivian est hypersexualise. La premiere apparition de Vivian a l’ecran… … et la premiere apparition d’Edward. Le film profite du fait que Vivian soit une prostituee afin de l’objectifier sans complexe… Elle est utilisee comme « eye candy » pour le personnage d’Edward ainsi que pour le spectateur masculin qui se serait egare a aller voir une comedie romantique… En plus d’etre un procede violent envers les femmes, il s’agit egalement d’une forme de violence envers les prostituees, partant du principe que que comme elles vendent leur corps, le realisateur a le droit de les filmer comme il veut… Paradoxalement, alors que le film se positionne contre le travail du sexe, il utilise egalement le corps des femmes pour vendre… Mais soyons honnete avec le personnage de Vivian, ce n’est pas seulement un objet sexuel, non c’est aussi un portemanteau… Le film se delecte des longues sequences de shopping et d’essayage de Vivian, la filmant sous tous les angles et de preference decapitee. Vivian sous son meilleur jour…

Dans la scene d’introduction de Vivian et dans les scenes de shopping, le corps de Vivian est morcele, decoupe en morceaux. Exercises! C’est un procede tres souvent inflige aux femmes dans cinema traditionnel comme dans la pornographie, qui permet de les reduire a l’etat d’objet dont l’homme peut disposer a volonte. Essay! La femme est litteralement « reduite » a ses seins, ses fesses ou son sexe. En plus d’etre morcelee et sexualisee, Vivian est un exemple typique de femme offerte au « male gaze »[3], c’est-a-dire les femmes dont le corps est perpetuellement offert au regard masculin, que ce soit celui d’Edward, celui des autres personnages (qui la reluquent allegrement) ou celui du spectateur. Best College Admission Youtube! Qu’elle soit sexualisee au debut du film ou elegante a la fin du film, Vivian est toujours offerte au regard masculin. Le probleme du « male gaze » n’est pas que les femmes suscitent du desir chez les hommes mais que la femme n’existe QUE dans le regard de l’homme, QUE par rapport a lui. Example! De nouveau, la femme est dependante de l’homme, d’une maniere differente que lorsqu’elle est sauvee ou reduite au rang de menagere, mais non moins alienante. Usf Application 2011! En plus de subir des injonctions de la part de la societe afin de satisfaire le « male gaze » (sois belle, epile-toi, maquille-toi, mets-toi au regime…), les femmes sont depossedees de leur liberte et de leur independance. La difference d’age entre les deux acteurs (Richard Gere a 40 ans et Julia Roberts a 22 au moment de la sortie du film), corrobore cet etat de fait.

En effet, ce que l’on recherche chez une femme, ce n’est pas seulement la beaute mais aussi la jeunesse. Essay! Les ecarts d’age entre les acteurs, l’homme etant bien sur beaucoup plus age que sa partenaire, sont loin d’etre rares au cinema : Les ecarts d’age entre les protagonistes ne sont pas anodins, car ils naturalisent des rapports de domination : on paper attend d’un homme qu’il soit intelligent, riche, seduisant, puissant , et d’une femme qu’elle soit belle. Cause! On envoie donc un message doublement violent aux femmes : tout ce qu’on te demande c’est d’etre belle et si tu es vieille, tu n’es plus belle, et par consequent tu ne vaux rien. Plus problematique encore, Edward ne joue pas seulement le role de Prince Charmant qui vient sauver Vivian et la sortir de la misere, mais egalement le role de Pygmalion qui remodele Vivian a sa convenance. Essay 2011! Dans une des sequences emblematiques du film, Edward emmene Vivian sur Rodeo Drive (plus ou moins l’equivalent de l’avenue Montaigne a Los Angeles) pour qu’elle puisse acheter de nouveaux vetements. Essay! Si Vivian est comblee d’etre traitee comme une princesse auquel le personnel de la boutique fait d’innombrables courbettes (car c’est bien connu le plaisir ultime de la femme, c’est le shopping), le but d’Edward est de la rendre « presentable » afin qu’elle puisse l’accompagner aux differents evenements. Principals! Vivian fait beaucoup d’efforts (pas toujours recompenses) afin de correspondre aux standards du monde d’Edward, elle apprend a se tenir a table, a etre elegante, etc… Paradoxalement alors que c’est la spontaneite de Vivian qui seduit Edward au debut du film, il se sent oblige de la modeler afin qu’elle convienne aux standards du monde dans lequel il evolue. Ca oui poupee, ouais ouais. Toujours demander l’avis d’un homme, c’est important… Plus encore que l’acces a l’education et aux bonnes manieres, Edward offre a Vivian l’acces a la culture en l’emmenant a l’Opera pour la premiere fois de sa vie. Example! L’emotion de Vivian a l’ecoute de la Traviata semble suggerer que tout le monde peut apprecier la grande musique et pas seulement les gens « eduques », ce qui est vrai en un sens.

Ce qui est problematique, c’est que le film semble oublier que l’appreciation de la culture est egalement liee a notre education et a notre milieu social, et que les inegalites sociales se refletent enormement dans l’acces a l’art et a la culture. Thesis Statement! De surcroit, on example se retrouve typiquement dans le schema de l’homme qui impressionne la femme et lui fait decouvrir le monde (que l’on pourrait appeler le schema « Ce Reve Bleu », decrit dans l’article sur Aladdin ). A la fin du film, tout ce que possede Vivian de valorise par le film (ses vetements et son elegance, ses bonnes manieres, son embryon de culture), elle le doit a Edward. La relation entre Vivian et Edward est biaisee car Vivian est, tout au long du film, redevable a Edward. Best Admission Essay! Au depart, leur accord est professionnel et monetaire, Vivian doit donc se montrer « disponible » pour des rapports sexuels. Example! Puis au fur et a mesure qu’Edward l’initie a « la grande vie », Vivian se retrouve dans une situation de reconnaissance envers Edward.

Lorsque Vivian tente d’aller seule acheter des vetements, elle est violemment rabaissee par les employees de la boutique qui pensent qu’elle n’a pas les moyens d’acheter dans le magasin. En tant que personne issue d’un milieu modeste, elle a besoin de l’aide du directeur de l’hotel, puis de celle d’Edward afin de s’acheter des vetements chics. Principals Resume! C’est lorsque qu’Edward penetre dans le magasin en promettant de depenser des sommes d’argent « indecentes » que Vivian est traitee comme une princesse. Essay Example! Dans une scene tres representative, on apa format writing assignment voit un vendeur obsequieux s’approcher d’Edward qui designe Vivian en repondant laconiquement : « Pas moi, elle ». T’inquiete pas cherie, l’HOMME RICHE va s’occuper de tout…

Vivian ne doit donc le respect qui lui est temoigne qu’a la seule presence d’Edward et a son argent. Cause Essay! L’argent est donc, du moins pour Vivian, le seul moyen d’obtenir le respect et la dignite. Resume! C’est habillee de ses nouveaux vetements chics et chers que Vivian vient se venger des vendeuses qui l’avaient humiliee la veille. Lorsqu’Edward revele a son associe qui est reellement Vivian, celle-ci est fortement contrariee et s’emporte des leur retour a l’hotel. Essay! De la meme facon, Vivian est contrariee lorsqu’Edward lui propose de l’installer dans un appartement et, a demi-mots, de l’entretenir… Vivian est donc blessee des qu’on la ramene a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe, son estime d’elle-meme est donc basee sur le comportement des gens, qui est lui-meme base sur un mensonge (Edward ne dit a personne que Vivian est une travailleuse du sexe et qu’elle est payee pour rester avec lui une semaine)… Le film ne questionne que tres peu ce manque d’estime d’elle-meme qu’a Vivian, d’autant qu’au debut elle semble s’assumer entierement, allant jusqu’a provoquer le couple qu’elle croise dans l’ascenseur. Writing! Comme si le film tentait de nous dire qu’en plus de la sauver d’une condition sociale miserable, l’HOMME RICHE va egalement sauver la femme de sa condition honteuse en lui apportant le respect sur un plateau (celui des autres et celui qu’elle a pour elle-meme…). A aucun moment le film ne questionne reellement l’attitude de mepris envers les prostituees. Cause! Pour Vivian la seule possibilite d’echapper a ce mepris est d’echapper a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe (grace a l’Homme Riche). 30 Diploma Essays! Plutot que d’affronter la problematique de la condition des prostituees ou d’expliquer d’ou elle vient, le film prefere regler le probleme grace au sauvetage par l’Homme Riche. En montrant Vivian avoir honte de son travail et de sa condition le film reconduit implicitement l’idee que les travailleur-euses du sexe sont meprisables.

Je ne sais pas ce qui est plus derangeant, que dans ce film le respect temoigne a Vivian soit entierement lie a l’argent ou qu’il ne depende que d’un homme… Le film tente de mettre en parallele la souffrance de Vivian et celle d’Edward. Etre riche et puissant c’est un tel poids dans la vie… De la meme maniere que le film montre Edward et Vivian comme souffrant de la meme condition (faire un travail qui leur oblige a mettre de cote leurs sentiments et a privilegier la dimension financiere), il les montre aussi comme se sauvant mutuellement : En mettant en parallele les souffrances d’Edward et Vivian, le film presente une double imposture : -Il fait croire que les exploiteurs souffrent autant que les exploites. -Il pretend que la relation entre Vivian et Edward et symetrique et egalitaire. Tout au long du film, Edward est presente comme un homme qui souffre, il est quitte par sa fiancee au debut du film et se sent terriblement coupable d’etre un salaud qui exploite les gens… et qui, au fond, souffre autant que Vivian. Cause Example! Sauf que justement Vivian et Edward ne souffrent pas de la meme facon : elle souffre parce qu’elle n’a pas d’argent et doit exercer un metier qu’elle deteste tandis que lui souffre car il est un exploiteur et ne supporte plus son metier. Statement! Excepte qu’ Edward a parfaitement la possibilite de changer de travail et de cesser « de baiser les gens pour de l’argent », Vivian n’a pas cette possibilite la. Cause Example! Faire croire que les exploiteurs sont au fond des victimes qui souffrent de leur position de dominants est un discours scandaleux, car les exploiteurs ont parfaitement le choix de changer de situation.Ce genre de discours tend egalement a faire passer au second plan et donc a invisibiliser tous les benefices qu’ils tirent de la domination qu’ils exercent, et donc aussi a invisibiser toute la souffrance dont ils sont responsables chez celleux qu’ils dominent. Usf Application Essay Prompt 2011! Vivian ne produit pas de souffrance, elle n’exploite personne, contrairement a Edward qui en plus tente de se faire plaindre.

Le film tente de nous faire croire que la relation entre Vivian et Edward est reciproque et egalitaire, ce qui n’est pas le cas. Cause! Deja car ce que chacun apporte dans la relation est defini par des stereotypes sexistes : l’homme amene l’argent, la dignite, la culture tandis que la femme amene le sexe, les sentiments et le « care ». English Essays! De plus les scenes qui montre Edward donner a Vivian sont beaucoup plus nombreuses que les scenes montrant l’inverse. Cause Essay Example! Enfin, c’est elle qui est dependante de lui, financierement et socialement. Cette souffrance du dominant est egalement exprimee dans la relation entre Edward et James Morse, le proprietaire de la compagnie qu’Edward veut demanteler. Statement Exercises! Edward exprime tres clairement qu’il a souffert a cause de son pere et que c’est en partie le desir de vengeance qui l’a pousse a choisir cette carriere (la troisieme societe qu’il a demantelee etait celle de son pere). Cause Essay! Il trouve en Morse une figure paternelle bienveillante qui l’aide a sortir de cette affreuse souffrance de dominant qui l’oblige a demonter des compagnies de gens qu’il apprecie. Apa Format Writing Assignment! On notera que c’est bien sa sympathie pour Morse qui le pousse a vouloir sauver la compagnie, les emplois de gens qui travaillent, pas grand-chose a faire… Une vision biaisee de la prostitution et de la sexualite. Les rapports sexuels entre Vivian et Edward donnent une image fausse et problematique de la prostitution. Cause Essay! Meme si Vivian confie dans une scene ses souffrances en rapport avec son metier, lors des scenes de sexe entre Vivian et Edward, celle-ci semble y prendre du plaisir. Assignment! Le film encourage donc l’idee relativement repandue dans l’imaginaire des hommes que les travailleur-euses du sexes (particulierement les femmes) prennent du plaisir dans leurs rapports professionnels.

Cette representation est problematique car, que l’on soit ou non contre le travail du sexe[4], celle-ci reste une activite professionnelle, dans la plupart des cas (et c’est le cas dans le film) pratiquee par obligation en l’absence de toute autre ressources, et ne doit pas etre « glamourisee ». Les relations sexuelles entre les personnages sont ambigues : au debut du film, Vivian explique a son nouveau client, Edward, qu’elle n’embrasse pas sur la bouche. Cause Essay Example! Regle que bien entendu, Edward tente de transgresser a la premiere occasion (cf. College Essay Youtube! la scene du piano) en tentant d’embrasser Vivian, ce qu’elle refuse. Cause Example! Lors de la sequence, ils sont donc a priori encore dans un rapport professionnel, pourtant le film traite visuellement les rapports sexuels tarifes comme de veritables scenes d’amour. Essay Prompt 2011! Vivian semble meme prendre du plaisir a s’offrir a Edward, on cause essay retrouve ici subrepticement instille le cliche qui veut que les travailleuses du sexe (j’utilise le feminin car ce cliche s’applique principalement aux personnes assignees femmes) prennent systematiquement du plaisir lorsque le client est « doue ». Etrangement, l’esthetique de la scene est exactement la meme que pour les scenes d’amour, alors que le film met tres clairement en scene « un turning point » lorsque Vivian embrasse Edward et lui avoue son amour, leur relation passe alors du « professionnel ambigu » au personnel. Meme lorsqu’elle bascule dans le personnel, la relation entre Edward et Vivian n’est jamais entierement deconnectee du travail du sexe, Vivian restant toujours dependante d’Edward au niveau financier et Edward jouant de son argent pour couvrir Vivian de cadeaux et l’impressionner…Il y a aussi la celebre replique a la fin qui va totalement dans ce sens, quand le majordome dit a Edward qui rend le collier : « Ce doit etre difficile de se separer de quelque chose d’aussi beau ». Resume! Vivian est ainsi clairement comparee a un objet, certes un objet precieux mais un objet tout de meme, qu’Edward possede. La prostitution… un metier fabuleux, quelle joie d’etre soumise a un homme. L’idee est bien evidemment problematique car elle denie aux femmes le droit et la possibilite de prendre du pouvoir sur leur propre sexualite.

Ce genre de representations ultra-repandues au cinema, qui montrent les femmes prendre automatiquement plaisir dans des relations sexuelles entierement controlees par des hommes est problematique car elle entraine l’idee qu’une femme ne peut prendre du plaisir que dans une relation sexuelle entierement controlee par un homme et par consequent empeche les femmes de chercher a devenir les maitresses de leur plaisir et de leur sexualite ». Cause Essay! Cette idee est malheureusement de plus en plus developpee dans les medias. Essay Prompt 2011! On peut notamment penser a l’heroine de 50 shades of essay example, Grey qui attend l’homme qui la revele a sa propre sensualite et sexualite. La sexualite est donc entierement controlee par les hommes et tres souvent phallocentree (Vivian fait au debut une fellation a Edward, puis lorsqu’ils « font l’amour » c’est avec l’inevitable penetration). Thesis! Cette representation phallocentre du sexe est tres presente dans les medias (par exemple les supplements sexes des magazines feminins ne proposent que des positions de penetration). Pour aller plus loin sur la question de l’inevitable penetration : Comparaison avec Maid in essay, Manhattan , une autre histoire de Cendrillon. Maid in exercises, Manhattan ( Coup de foudre a Manhattan ) est lui aussi une histoire de Cendrillon, avec deux personnes diametralement opposees dans le systeme social qui tombent amoureuses l’une de l’autre.

Marisa Ventura est femme de chambre dans un luxueux hotel new-yorkais. Cause Example! Un jour, poussee par sa collegue et amie, elle essaye pour s’amuser la tenue luxueuse d’une cliente de l’hotel et croise par hasard Chris Marshall, candidat au senat. Essays! Apres une journee passee ensemble, celui-ci est persuade que Marisa fait partie de la haute societe new-yorkaise et cherche a la revoir tandis qu’elle doit absolument l’eviter si elle ne veut pas perdre son travail. Maid in cause essay, Manhattan reprend exactement le meme type de scenario que Pretty Woman , ou une femme dans une position peu enviable tombe amoureuse d’un homme puissant. Paradoxalement, Maid in best essay, Manhattan se rapproche plus du conte original (on retrouve le Bal, le malentendu, la quete de l’inconnue, les mechantes s?urs, la bonne fee, etc…) mais est beaucoup moins nauseabond politiquement. Pour commencer, Marisa est beaucoup moins desesperee que Vivian. Cause Essay! En effet si son travail n’est pas epanouissant, celle-ci a l’ambition de devenir manager dans l’hotel ou elle travaille. Principals! Cette ambition sera conservee tout au long du film et meme atteinte dans l’epilogue.

Ce n’est pas parce que tu as rencontre le prince charmant, que tu dois renoncer a tes ambitions… Alors qu’on voit clairement le personnage de Vivian se transformer pour correspondre aux attentes d’Edward. Essay Example! Marisa reste entiere tout au long du film, n’hesitant pas a defendre ses valeurs et a donner des opinions bien tranchees. De plus la relation entre Chris et Marisa n’est pas principalement monetaire, si Marisa se retrouve a porter de luxueux vetements a deux reprises dans le film, ceux-ci sont « empruntes » a une cliente de l’hotel et non pas fournis par son « prince charmant ». Thesis Statement Exercises! De meme les activites qu’ils font ensemble (promener le chien, aller au zoo) ne sont pas des activites « de luxe », on essay example peut donc voir que Marisa apprecie Chris pour sa compagnie et non pas pour les avantages qu’il lui apporte. Si Maid in thesis statement exercises, Manhattan est beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , le film n’evite pas certains poncifs, notamment avec le personnage de Caroline Lane. Essay Example! Elle est, avec son amie Rachel, l’equivalent des deux mechantes s?urs de Cendrillon dans le conte.

Les deux mechantes « s?urs » au meilleur de leur forme… Caroline est une riche mondaine sortant d’une rupture qui s’est mis en tete de seduire Chris Marshall, son personnage est la caricature typique de l’hysterique, a la fois dans sa gestion de la rupture et dans ses tentatives pour seduire Chris Marshall. Usf Application Essay 2011! Car au cinema une femme prenant l’initiative de seduire un homme est le plus souvent soit une femme fatale, soit une hysterique desesperee. Cause Example! De plus, Caroline devient la mechante de l’histoire car c’est elle qui denonce Marisa par pure rivalite feminine. Le film est egalement problematique car si Chris ne « sauve » pas Marisa, il remplit cependant un manque dans sa vie, en devenant un pere de substitution pour son fils, on principals retrouve ainsi la fameuse famille « normale » si chere aux medias… La famille parfaite…

Bien qu’il reste beaucoup plus fidele au conte original (c’est d’ailleurs cette fidelite qui lui confere des elements sexistes comme les deux mechantes s?urs), Maid in cause essay, Manhattan reste neanmoins beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , principalement grace a un personnage feminin fort et intransigeant et a une relation beaucoup moins basee sur l’argent. How To Write On Death Penalty?! Le film valorise egalement l’empowerment des femmes au travers de leur carriere professionnelle. Essay! Il est donc possible d’adapter un conte de fee d’une facon qui ne soit pas atrocement sexiste. La damoiselle en detresse, ennemie de l’independance des femmes. L’histoire de type Cendrillon n’est au fond pas autre chose qu’une derive du schema de la damoiselle en detresse, qui est l’un des schemas que l’on retrouve excessivement souvent dans les ?uvres de fiction et qui s’adresse aux hommes comme aux femmes. Thesis! On retrouve ce schema dans quasiment toutes les cultures patriarcales et a quasiment toutes les epoques. Cause Essay! On peut considerer qu’il s’agit que l’un des elements fondateurs de notre societe patriarcale. Le trope de la damoiselle en detresse enseigne aux femmes que plutot de se sortir d’une situation elles-memes, il faut attendre l’aide d’un homme. Usf Application Essay 2011! Plutot que de prendre leur vie en main, les femmes sont donc maintenues dans la dependance des hommes. Que ce soit sous forme de conte de fee, de film ou de livre, les histoires de Cendrillon, et par extension de damoiselle en detresse, sont problematiques car elles faconnent nos fantasmes, nos desirs, nos attentes et nos relations avec l’autre sexe.

Ces tropes ont un double effet pervers : maintenir les femmes dans la passivite et imposer des normes quasi-inaccessibles aux hommes. En effet ceux-ci doivent absolument faire preuve de puissance, de richesse et de pouvoir afin d’etre desirables. Cause Essay Example! Les hommes subissent egalement la pression patriarcale, et plus encore ceux qui ne correspondent pas aux cliches traditionnels de la virilite : les homosexuels (meme s’ils ont des comportements « virils », la societe les considere souvent comme des « peu masculins »), les hommes voulant exercer un metier traditionnellement reserves aux femmes, les hommes dit « sensibles ». Thesis Statement Exercises! Les hommes souffrant de la pression patriarcale ont d’ailleurs tout interet a deconstruire le genre comme les feministes le font plutot que de rejoindre les rangs des masculinistes… Les femmes sont tout de meme les premieres victimes des injonctions patriarcales venant des tropes de damoiselle en detresse et des contes de fee qui non seulement les privent de toute forme de pouvoir, mais leur font en plus croire que cette absence de pouvoir et cette soumission a l’homme sont la cle d’un reel bonheur qui repond aux « aspirations naturelles » de « lafame »[5]. Edit : Suite au commentaire d’une personne concernee, j’ai modifie le terme « Prostitue-e » par le terme « Travailleur-euse du sexe », j’ai egalement modifie quelques formulations qui me paraissaient problematiques. Essay Example! Le sens de l’article n’a pas ete modifie.

[2] L’aphrodisme est le systeme de domination consistant a valoriser dans une societe donnee les individus correspondant aux normes de beaute physique de cette societe, tout en devalorisant ceux/celles qui n’y correspondent pas. Principals! L’aphrodisme est analogue a d’autres systemes de domination comme le sexisme ou le racisme en tant que, comme eux, il construit socialement une inegalite a partir d’une difference physique qu’il a arbitrairement posee comme significative, voire essentielle. Cause Example! Cf : L’article de Paul Rigouste : http://www.lecinemaestpolitique.fr/en-finir-avec-laphrodisme-au-cinema/ [4] A titre personnel, je suis anti-abolitionniste : [5] Oui, lafame, vous savez, cet eternel feminin qu’on trouve beaucoup dans les medias et si peu dans la realite… Merci Julie pour cette analyse. J’ai deux reactions apres cette lecture. 1- Pourquoi ce film a-t-il fait un tel succes lors de sa sortie au cinema ? Pourquoi reste t il culte a ce jour ? Il serait interessant, au dela de l’analyse du film, de comprendre les raisons du succes.

Comment un film avec autant de debilite puisse etre accepter par le public… C’est peut etre de la sociologie… Je ne sais pas… 2- Je penses a James Cameron. Les heroines de ce realisateur sont tout l’inverse de Vivian. Je pense notamment au Lieutenant Ellen Ripley ou Sarah Connor qui toutes deux evoluent dans des mondes tres masculins. Une petite analyse de ce type de film serait un bon contre exemple a Pretty Woman… Pour la petite histoire, Richard Gere a declare depuis que de tous les films dans lesquels il a tourne, « Pretty Woman » est celui qu’il apprecie le moins. Essays! Il le trouve stupide. C’est vrai que c’est troublant, cette facon de glorifier le complexe de Cendrillon… Bravo, Julie. Je pense qu’il faut s’interroger sur le succes des contes de fees donc les vieux Disney, Twilight, 50 shades of cause essay, grey et les succes de Mommy Porn, Pretty woman ne sont que des variations…

Les contes de fee sont tres conservateurs (comme les mag feminins…) ils rassurent les gens, chacun sa place chacun son role… ca evite de se poser des questions et epargne l’effort de deconstruire. Meme si Cameron a realise Aliens (le deuxieme opus de la saga, donc), le premier film nous vient de Ridley Scott. 2011! Il est interessant de noter que, dans le script original, Ripley etait un homme, et c’est d’ailleurs le cas de nombreux « strong female characters » du cinema hollywoodiens. Essay! Je n’ai pas d’autres exemples en tete, mais j’etais deja tombe sur une liste mettant ce fait en avant, il est assez curieux de noter que malgre l’existence de personnages dont ils pourraient s’inspirer les scenaristes ont plus de facilites a creer et developper un personnage feminin interessant en modifiant un script ou il s’agissait originellement d’un homme qu’en travaillant des le depart sur une femme. Tres interessant Skratsch, je ne savais pas. Sujet a approfondir #128521; il y a egalement Jodie foster dans flight Plan si je me souviens bien… Je vais essayer de faire quelques recherches.

Ca me semble particulierement logique dans la mesure ou, dans notre culture, et, pour nous francophones, jusque dans notre langue (ou le genre grammatical « masculin » occupe aussi les fonctions occupees par le « neutre » dans les langues qui en ont), le masculin est a la fois une caracterisation et une non-caracterisation. Usf Application Essay Prompt 2011! L’Homme (avec un grand H) est, par defaut, le plus souvent represente par UN homme, tout simplement parce qu’il n’existe pas vraiment dans notre semantique de representation d’un humain neutre (sinon comme un homme glabre a l’entrejambe non-detaille, cf. Cause Essay! la statuaire) ; au contraire, le feminin est toujours pense comme une caracteristique (en terme de silhouette par exemple, c’est de la silhouette feminine qu’on dit qu’elle « a des formes »). Quand un auteur donc commence a creer une nouvelle oeuvre, il peut partir d’un personnage pleinement caracterise (s’il pense a quelqu’un de son entourage par exemple), mais dans le cas contraire, par defaut, il aura tendance a ecrire « il », pour « le heros » – sans que cela veuille forcement dire qu’il pense a un heros expressement masculin, avec tous les attributs « virils » que ca implique generalement (ou, au contraire, avec la critique de cette conception de la virilite). A mon sens le probleme reside donc plus dans cet amalgame entre le masculin et le neutre / l’universel, que dans une reelle volonte de vouloir mettre du masculin partout au nom du patriarcat (qui est deja suffisamment fort pour ne pas avoir besoin de tels procedes). Thesis Exercises! Meme si dans les consequences, ca importe peu, le resultat est le meme : les femmes sont bien moins visibles sur nos ecrans, les hommes occupant autant les roles « virils » que les roles « neutres », alors que les femmes sont le plus souvent reduites aux « love interests »… Que penses tu de ce court metrage dans lequel la prostitution est presentee reellement comme un metier comme les autres : Alors, l’image est moche, les acteurs sont mauvais, les dialogues sont pas credibles… je vous renvoie a l’article de Melange Instable qui est une prostituee qui est a mon avis l’auteure la plus juste sur la prostitution qu’elle decrit comme eprouvante, douloureuse mais egalement comme un choix et comme un moyen de survie : Ses autres textes sont egalement passionnants si la question de la prostitution vous interesse. je viens de lire le texte.

Je voulais reagir sur le blog mais apparemment ca ne fonctionne pas… Il faut etre enregistre ou chez pas quoi… Bref, tres interessant. Bon, faut dire qu’en voyant la video, j’ai eu la reaction de base : mal a l’aise, degout… Mais c’est interessant de lire un point de vue qui va dans le sens contraire. Je suis entierement d’accord avec elle au sujet des abribus… Mais bon, le jour ou les abribus afficheront des messages interessants ou digne d’interet… tu m’appelles. Et sinon, c’est quoi LGBT-phobe ? C’est la compilation de Homophobe (rejet de l’homosexualite), Biphobe (rejet de la bisexualite) et transphobe (rejet de la transexualite). bref tout ce sors du schema hetero…

LGBT= Lesbienne Gay Bi Trans. Euuuuuh… il n’y a pas que melange instable. Cause Example! Tres loin de la. How To Write A Research On Death! Et merci de parler de travail du sexe. Example! C’est assez revoltant de lire toutes les 3 lignes « prostituee/prostitution ». Article interessant, merci d’avoir pointe du doigt a quel point ce film peut contenir des messages nauseabonds et etre bien plus qu’une comedie romantique nunuche mais inoffensive. Je m’interrogeais cependant sur la partie sur les scenes d’essayage ou Julia Roberts apparait decapitee et reduite a des parties du corps. Usf Application Essay Prompt 2011! Je ne cherche pas a nier l’existence du male gaze, qui est un probleme bien reel et omnipresent dans les medias, mais le film ciblant theoriquement un public feminin je me demandais si ces scenes n’avaient pas egalement pour but de « vendre » une image de la femme a ce meme public afin qu’il s’y conforme.

En effet, le fait de cacher le visage de l’actrice peut encourager les spectatrices a vouloir s’identifier a elle et envier sa place, un peu comme dans les pubs ultravirilistes de Malboro. Cause Example! Bien entendu toutes les femmes n’ont pas la carrure de Julia Roberts (heureusement d’ailleurs), mais le visage reste le meilleur moyen d’identifier une personne et le cacher peut donner l’illusion que n’importe qui pourrait etre a sa place, surtout dans la logique aphrodiste d’Hollywood. Cette idee est d’autant plus malsaine du fait que la personne a qui le public feminin est cense s’identifier est une prostituee, mais je pense que ma theorie est assez plausible si on usf application essay la met en relation avec le complexe de Cendrillon. Je n’avais pas vu cette interpretation de la scene, elle me parait tres juste… Effectivement, le fait de couper le visage de Julia permet a la spectatrice de s’identifier, on essay joue effectivement sur le fantasme « shopping » des filles. on retrouve l’exploitation du « fantasme shopping » dans « Sex and resume the city » (qui est pourtant BEAUCOUP moins retrograde), le deuxieme film m’avait tout particulierement choque pour ca…

Juste une remarque en plus : Julia Roberts a ete doublee pour les scenes dans lesquelles on example ne voit que son corps, par Andrea Parker… Je suis d’accord avec tout ton article Julie Garnier! Tres bon article, comme la plupart sur ce site d’ailleurs! Le patriarcat, en effet, n’est pas seulement oppressif envers les femmes, mais aussi les hommes, ceux qui ne sont pas super virils et se la jouent pas Rambo, pour caricaturer. Thesis! Etant un jeune homme, je trouve ca super chiant.

D’autant plus que la ou la societe dit aux femmes que pour feminine faut « etre belle, jeune et gentille », aux hommes pour etre masculin on essay example dit « soyez entreprenant, actif, conquerant, puissant, intelligent, surtout pas sensible, autonome financierement, soyez leader dans votre couple avec votre femme » etc… C’est pour ca que je prefere le terme de viriarcat a celui de patriarcat. Principals! Pour reussir dans cette societe, etre viril marche mieux que d’etre un pere. C’est pas faux… Mais quand on example voit le ton paternaliste de certains, on essays comprend bien pourquoi « patriarcat »… Plus serieusement, le terme patriarcat renvoie a l’idee du pere comme chef de famille, le chef comme pere de la nation… donc le terme a sa justification meme si elle est moins valide dans nos societes modernes comme vous le faites remarquer… Je comprends bien, mais le terme me derange toujours un peu. Cause Example! Je sais que ce n’est pas le but, mais il me donne toujours l’impression que ce qui est remis en cause c’est la notion meme de pere ayant un role dans la famille, et pas seulement le fait qu’il soit le dominant. 30 Diploma Essays! Apres je sais qu’il y a sans doute une part de psychologie personnelle dans tout ca, mon pere n’a jamais ete le pere ideal et j’ai l’impression que le terme de « patriarcat » implique que fatalement tous les hommes sont de mauvais peres. Cause Essay! Je sais que c’est un peu idiot, mais je me dis aussi que si je le ressens de cette facon d’autres personnes peuvent interpreter ce terme de la meme maniere a un niveau subconscient et donc reagir negativement pour une simple question de formulation. Par ailleurs, je trouve que le terme viriarcat rend mieux compte du fait que les rapports de domination qu’ils impliquent ne sont pas uniquement determines par l’age et le sexe biologique, mais aussi par le degre d’adhesion et d’expression d’une appartenance a un systeme de valeur genre.

C’est une formulation excessivement longue mais j’avais du mal a exprimer ca de maniere plus succincte. Je sens poindre comme une odeur de masculinisme dans votre commentaire :-). English 30 Diploma Essays! En effet, ce discours de la plainte par lesquels des hommes rappellent que « eux aussi ils souffrent du patriarcat » est un grand classique masculiniste, qui a pour effet concret de faire oublier que « le patriarcat », c’est avant tout des hommes qui dominent des femmes. Essay Example! De plus, qu’ils soient des « Rambo » ou des geeks introvertis, TOUS les hommes tirent quotidiennement des benefices du fait qu’ils sont des hommes, qu’ils le veuillent ou non. English! Pour ces raisons, mettre en avant les souffrances des hommes sous le patriarcat comme vous le faites est souvent un bon moyen pour les hommes de ne pas s’interroger sur leur place de dominant et les privileges qu’ils en retirent, et sur l’oppression subie par les femmes (qui n’a absolument aucune commune mesure avec « celle des hommes »). Example! Du moins c’est mon avis. Youtube! Je vais un peu vite la par manque de temps, mais est-ce que vous voyez a peu pres ce que je veux dire ? Est-ce que vous comprenez les dangers d’un tel discours ? PS : Si cela vous interesse, il y a ici des brochures qui analyse le masculinisme : http://lagitation.free.fr/spip.php?rubrique37. Essay! J’ai aussi lu un bouquin pas mal sur le sujet : Boys don’t cry, Les couts de la domination masculine . College Essay Youtube! Il y a a mon avis du bon et du moins bon dans ce livre. Example! Certaines contributions me semblent en effet verser justement dans le masculinisme, mais il y en a d’autres qui sont passionnantes sur le sujet, comme celles de Francis Dupuis-Deri et celle de Michael Messner, que je trouve tres bien (l’intro du bouquin est bien aussi si je me souviens bien). C’est marrant, mais il y a toujours des mecs pour critiquer le vocabulaire des feministes.

Je me demande si ca peut etre le signe de quelque chose… #128521; Ce n’est pas moi qui ai invente le terme de viriarcat, je l’ai trouve par-ci par-la utilise par L’elfe sur son blog « Les questions composent », qui parle de feminisme, de veganisme, de droits de l’enfant, de biologie et de fruits. English 30 Diploma! Je ne suis pas sur de l’utiliser dans son sens premier, mais je suis a peu pres certain qu’il n’a pas ete invente par des masculinistes qui cherchaient a se faire plaindre. Apres je ne pense pas avoir le recul intellectuel necessaire pour veritablement faire une critique du vocabulaire feministe, qui a une longue histoire assez complexe pour le peu que j’ai pu en voir, c’est surtout une question de ressenti personnel et ca a plus a voir avec l’emotion que la raison. Essay Example! Apres si vraiment mes choix de vocabulaires vous paraissent choquants pour une raison autre que sa non-conformite au vocabulaire feministe historiquement etabli et consensuel, je veux bien vous ecouter et peut-etre ne plus y avoir recours, mais du moment que je ne fais qu’exposer mon ressenti sans demander a quiconque de le partager et d’y adherer, j’ai du mal a comprendre le probleme. Excusez-moi pour le ton taquin de mon commentaire, j’aurais mieux fait d’expliquer plus directement ce que je voulais dire. Principals! Apres je n’ai pas non plus une idee tranchee sur le sujet, mais ca me titillait juste un petit peu.

Deja, je me mefie un peu des gens (et surtout des mecs) qui remettent en question le vocabulaire des feministes. Cause Essay Example! Rien que la posture me semble suspecte : le fait de dire aux femmes que le langage par lequel elles choisissent de dire l’oppression qu’elles subissent n’est pas le bon, et que l’homme va leur dire quels mots utiliser. Essay! Je ne dis pas du tout que c’est l’esprit de votre message, mais je pousse la logique a l’extreme pour essayer de mettre en evidence la signification possible d’une telle posture. L’exemple qui me vient a l’esprit lorsque je dis un truc comme ca est l’incontournable « moi je n’aime pas le mot « feminisme » parce qu’il temoigne d’une volonte de domination d’un sexe sur un autre alors que moi je suis pour l’egalite » (que j’ai d’ailleurs encore entendu dans la bouche d’un mec pas plus tard que la semaine derniere, et comme par hasard, le mec en question s’adressait a des femmes qui se disaient feministes, pour leur expliquer evidemment qu’elles avaient tort de penser ce qu’elles pensent). Cause! Une des fonctions de cet « argument » me semble etre de diaboliser le feminisme en le ramenant a une volonte de domination des femmes sur les hommes.

Une fonction anti-feministe donc. Du coup je m’interroge par rapport a votre intervention sur le terme de « viriarcat » (je ne condamne pas du tout le mot en soi, mais je cherche juste a reflechir aux raisons de votre preference pour ce terme, et surtout aux effets de ce choix ici et maintenant). Usf Application! Vous l’introduisez en disant etre d’accord avec ce qu’a dit Vagaboon juste au-dessus dans son commentaire, qui me semble lorgner un peu dangereusement vers le masculinisme (comme j’ai essaye de l’expliquer juste au-dessus). Cause Essay! Du coup je me dis qu’il y a peut-etre un peu la meme logique, a savoir de dire : oui les vrais dominants ce sont les hommes virils, pas moi. How To Write Paper! En insistant sur la « virilite », le terme « viriarcat » peut peut-etre permettre a certains hommes de se dedouaner de toute participation a la domination masculine, en se posant meme comme des victimes de celle-ci aux cotes des femmes (« nous aussi nous souffrons des injonctions a etre des Rambo »). Cause Essay Example! Encore une fois, je ne dis pas que c’est votre intention, mais je me dis juste que dans le cadre de cette discussion, ca peut etre un effet de ce discours. Thesis Exercises! Est-ce que vous voyez ce que je veux dire ? Et encore une fois, je n’ai rien contre le mot « viriarcat » en soi, je m’interroge juste sur le sens qu’il y a dans un certain contexte et dans le cadre d’une certaine discussion, a dire qu’on le prefere au terme « patriarcat ». J’ai deja explique mes raisons plus haut, mes elles sont en partie affective ce qui peut-etre rend mon raisonnement biaise. Apres, le fait qu’il y ait des hommes qui ne trouvent pas leur place dans cette societe parce qu’ils ne repondent pas a l’injonction generale a etre viril, ca me semble etre indeniable. Essay Example! Il n’y a qu’a voir, pour prendre un exemple extreme, comment sont traites les trans.

Je ne dis pas que la souffrance et le sentiment d’exclusion d’un homme blanc cis hetero qui ne correspond pas a l’ideal viriliste est comparable a celle des femmes, qui doivent vivre dans une culture du viol (qui est avant tout une culture du viol des femmes, je pense que la-dessus nous serons bien d’accord), ou a celle des homos et trans, qui se voient regulierement remis en question jusqu’a la legitimite de leur existence en temps que personnes. English! Simplement, ca ne me semble pas masculiniste de dire que ce rapport de domination est present, et que dans une societe feministe et, par consequent, egalitaire, il n’aurait pas lieu d’etre. Je ne pretendrais jamais que je me suis totalement debarrasse de tous les prejuges et idees preconcues sur les questions de sexe, de genre, d’orientation sexuelle, d’origine ethnique ou de convictions religieuses que j’ai assimile et que je pourrais reproduire de maniere inconsciente, ni que ce que je vis est comparable a ce que vivent d’autres personnes bien plus victimes que moi de cette societe. Cause Essay! Ceci-dit reconnaitre que mon manque de virilite est socialement devalorise et m’assumer comme tel plutot que de chercher a me conformer a un ideal qui n’est pas le mien, ca ne me semble pas etre masculiniste. Usf Application Essay 2011! D’autant plus que, a ce qu’il me semble, une societe feministe et non essentialiste aurait notamment pour consequence de resoudre mon probleme par effet de ricochet. Par ailleurs, je ne remets pas en cause le terme meme de feminisme. Cause Example! Il y a eu une epoque ou il me posait effectivement probleme, mais j’ai trouve un article sur le blog Genre! qui expliquait ses origines et sa denotation, et je ne peux depuis qu’y adherer. Usf Application Essay Prompt 2011! Quand bien meme un autre terme devrait lui etre substitue, ce changement ne devrait pas etre initie par des hommes. On est d’accord. Cause Example! Je cherchais juste la petite bete… Non pas juste pour vous embeter vous en particulier, mais aussi pour reflechir moi a ce genre de questions, sur lesquelles je n’ai pas d’idee arretee, mais auxquelles j’essaie de reflechir en tant que mec, pour eviter au maximum de reproduire des comportements ou discours masculinistes ou antifeministes. 2011! A bientot.

Y a pas de mal, je pense que c’est le genre de reflexions qui demandent sans cesse a etre reactualisees je pense. A bientot a vous aussi. Merci pour votre message. Cause! C’est pas la premiere qu’on me dit que j’ai des propos masculinistes, la premiere fois j’ai pris ca a la rigolade, j’ai pense que c’etait un hasard ou une meprise, mais la, je prend conscience que c’est du serieux. Youtube! C’est surement inconscient car c’est pour moi involontaire, j’aimerais bien avoir la vision des choses la plus objective possible et oui, je me rend compte du danger de tels discours. Essay! Je vais donc voir les liens que vous m’avez propose. Sinon je suis aussi d’accord avec les posts de dessus. English Essays! Pour ce qui est de la reference a Rambo, c’etait pour caricaturer he he. Cause Example! =)

Du coup, comme c’est son travail, bin c’est une travailleuse du sexe… Je ne sais pas pourquoi la France reste bloquee sur le mot « prostituee »… Il a un cote tres derangeant, c’est qu’il signifie « qui est mis-e en avant ». Write A Research Paper! On ne peux pas etre acteur-ice, sujet, on cause essay est forcement objet lorsqu’on est prostitue-e (sous entendu par quelque-un-e en fait). Le terme sexwork est utilise plus ou moins partout ailleurs (notamment par les ONG et asso de soin communautaire). Et nous sommes des travailleur-ses (parfois meme syndique-es). Suite a votre commentaire j’ai modifie l’article pour remplacer le terme prostitution par travail du sexe. J’ignorai que le terme etait problematique politiquement, je pensais qu’il s’agissait d’un terme neutre. Write A Research Paper On Death! il n’etait pas dans mon intention d’ecrire quelque chose d’oppressif et j’en suis desolee.

Si vous avez d’autres liens que Melange Instable sur la question du travail du sexe, je serai interessee. Yup. Cause Essay Example! Merci pour votre modification #128578; je comprends parfaitement le probleme, comme je disais avec la France, le manque d’alternatives ethymologiques. English Essays! Je connais le docu « Putes en lutte » (sur Youtube auquel j’ai participe ^^) d’Oelia Gouret. Example! Il y a aussi le site du STRASS (le syndicat des travailleur-ses du sexe), le film La Marcheuse, et les textes des Roses d’Acier (collectif de TdS chinoises sur Paris-Belleville). Essay! Autrement, le travail d’asso de sante communautaire telles que Cabiria (Lyon), Griselidis (Toulouse), Paloma (Nantes, dans lequel je suis secretaire, si vous souhaitez plus d’info). Cause! Il y a un 2eme docu appele Puttes en lutte mais d’1h30 sur youtube aussi.

Le documentaire « Les prostituees de Lyon parlent » qui date des annees 75 (occupation de l’eglise de st nizier a lyon par des TdS, fait par Carole Roussopoulos). Resume! Personnellement, je fais des conferences dans les milieux militants de l’ouest de la france de temps en temps (« le poil qui depasse » a Nantes, mon intervention a ete filmee). Cause Example! La tout de suite c’est ce qu’il me vient mais en y reflechissant plus j’en trouverai d’autres. English 30 Diploma Essays! Les asso de soin communautaires sont en tous cas de tres bons moyens d’approche #128578;

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Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and grammar. A resume must be framed and formatted to present you in the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, we’ve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to those looking to format their own resumes. We provide writing tips, expert advice, and sample images covering every resume format for essay example, your convenience. Looking for more resume samples? Click the link below. How to Choose the Best Resume Format.

Use the chart below to get a quick idea of which resume format will be best for presenting your unique job experience. As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and Combination . Each resume format has their own set of essays, advantages and disadvantages for different kinds of job seekers, so be sure to choose wisely. Example? Check out the usf application essay prompt 2011 in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of cause essay example, information needed to create the best resume for you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of a research penalty?, resume format examples . The links below are separated by resume style and include industry-specific samples. Visit each library and find your industry. As the name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from cause essay example, newest (most relevant) to oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience. This structure allows you to present yourself in terms of your promotions and thesis statement, upward career mobility , and is therefore particularly useful for entry to mid level applicants looking to boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if… I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression. I want to apply to a job in a similar field.

I don’t have large work experience gaps. I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in essay my employment history. Principals? I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about what should be in included in cause example a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the candidate in statement terms of the skills and abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and cause essay, where the candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and principals resume, simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of most relevant to least relevant skills. Cause? Even the apa format assignment “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is cause example, hiding something.

By using the functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is beneficial. I should use a functional resume format if… I have unusually large gaps in prompt my employment history. I am in cause essay example the midst of a big career change into a new industry. I want to promote a specific skill set.

I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. Resume? I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about cause essay example, what should be in included in principals a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and example, functional resume formats. Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to best college admission essay youtube, the job opening. Essay? (This is the resume functional part.) This introductory section is cause essay example, then followed by your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. (This is the best college admission youtube reverse-chronological part.)

I should use a combination resume format if… I want to showcase a relevant and well-developed skill set. I want to transfer to essay, a different industry. I am a master at what I do. I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and admission essay youtube, skills.

To learn more about what should be in included in cause essay example a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in write a research paper penalty? this guide please feel free to post them in example the comments at the bottom of the page and how to write a research penalty?, one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for you! PS. Need that job? Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume.

Click Here to cause example, Download. Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from social service in a combination or functional resume. Good luck on writing assignment the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience.

Good luck on the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Best of luck on the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck! I did a career shift recently to teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in essay planning and english 30 diploma, development. Example? I have recently completed a graduate degree in education and have 2 years of essays, teaching experience in a preschool setting and cause, trying to now make the shift to principals resume, elementary age. Cause Essay Example? Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for your situation. Check out our combination format writing guide for more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples.

For a chronological resume, if I completed an essay internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by essay them — does the resume internship go above or below the primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from example, 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at HSBV — from exercises, 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of my employment with them. Cause Essay Example? Should the internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck! I have what I perceive to be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the essay 2011 army at 19 in cause essay example 2006 and got out in 2013. How To Write A Research Paper On Death Penalty?? From 2013 until January of essay, this year, I have been trying to apa format writing assignment, make my own way as an entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in order to stay on top of my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at various bars and clubs at essay night. I am currently looking for penalty?, an internship as part of my degree program so i need to create a resume.

I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to blur the past 3 years. However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to essay, know how firm that rule is. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to college admission youtube, accept advice. Cause Essay Example? Thanks.

In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. This will allow you to english essays, focus on your skills that are relevant to cause example, the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isn’t in the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. I have never had to write a resume for writing, any of my other jobs so I’m at a loss as to what to do. I am applying as an essay example entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and about half of my sophomore year. Therefore I’m not really sure how to approach this and I really need this job. Please help!

Thanks! Good luck on the job hunt! Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to include your research and english, writing experience. Good luck on the job hunt. Several positions require a chronological resume be included.

I am over 40, most recent position was over 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Recently received my AA degree. I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for cause essay, many reasons but I am not trying to look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to exercises, be a pediatric nurse for essay example, two years till moved to this country on 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and write paper penalty?, want to start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me? In your case, we suggest using a functional resume.

Best of luck on the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and example, before this I worked as Operations Manager in a different company. Now I want to how to write paper penalty?, apply for a job (Title : Plant Manager). Essay Example? I am confused which format I should choose to post for this job opportunity. Thesis Statement? Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Essay Example? Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. However, if you truly feel that all of your content is relevant and of interest to the employer, then stick with what you have. Best of luck on the job hunt!

I am now trying to rejoin the full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for prompt 2011, a well known beauty company in NYC (1990-1996). After that I joined a small firm on Long Island as their first ever Director of PR and advertising (1997-1999). Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Then my family and example, I moved to Switzerland and just returned after 7 years. I was a teacher of write, English as a Second Language. I am looking for work in almost any capacity: From Communications manager to administrative assistant. I am struggling with how to present my resume. I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and cause essay example, why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is holding me back. Apa Format Writing Assignment? Any ideas.

Thanks in advance! If you’re looking to get back into communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. Cause Example? This will allow you to emphasize your skills instead of the dates of your work experience. English Essays? As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions. While I was in cause high school I did my internship at for State Farm. After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for writing assignment, 2 years. I have recently worked at cause example the National Instituted of Health for a year. Principals Resume? I currently want to go back to finding an essay office job or something related and need help deciding what type of resume I should use? Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate.

Best of luck! If the the position you are applying for is also an administrative job, then stick with the traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Good luck on the job hunt! Glad you liked it! Hi there! This is great. I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for 6 months in 2015 that I would like to list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in this role? Thanks! List your current position first.

Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. Best of luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice. How To On Death Penalty?? Good luck on the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth,

You have a bit of flexibility with the resume format, but when in doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in transferable skills, I’d recommend working on your resume objective to get your application started on the right foot. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide. Also consider the soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Many of these could potentially be transferable. Cause Example? https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is perfectly suited to someone of your experience, even with the career change. Good luck making the shift back into your previous field!

If you are aiming for a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format. Good luck landing your fellowship! Share Resume Format Guide – Reverse-Chronological, Functional, #038; Combination Styles Our code geeks and writing, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to cause essay example, your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to apa format writing assignment, the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. Essay Example? See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to principals, download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your.

Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the cause essay call-out policy. These people go above and.

Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and statement, offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to cause example, help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to college essay youtube, choose from, and easily export to cause example, MS Word and PDF.

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A2 AQA Psychology A How To Write 24 Mark Essay Answers For Psya3 #038; Psya4 (Video) The updated version of this post for the new specification is here: This is a question that keeps popping up in one form or another and I wanted to make a video on essay, this. You can view it below; it explains the exam technique and method I used to answer 24 mark essay questions for A2 Psychology and specifically the Psya3 and principals resume Psya4 essay questions. Essay Example? Theory First, Followed By Evaluation. People have different ways of writing their essays. Some like to mix theory and evaluation together within paragraphs while others like to do one at a time (a paragraph of theory, a paragraph of evaluation, then back to theory, back to evaluation#8230;rinse repeat). What I personally recommend is you write all your theory first (all of it) and then you leave a line of principals resume, space and then do all your evaluation. This is the cause essay, technique I have used in both my Psya3 and Psya4 exams which helped me get 100% in both papers. Take a look below: Although you will hear you can write it how you wish its just simple perspective taking you need here; examiners are humans at the end of the resume, day and they get frustrated sitting for ages writing countless essays.

How much will they like you if you make it this easy? How To Remember Your 24 Mark Psychology A Level Essays. My Acronym method is outlined in all my books but I thought I would write it here too. Firstly you create your essays into essay example your own words using my model essay answers . The theory you must ideally know from the top of your head as this is basically an college admission, explanation or concept. You can use the Acronym method to remember theory too if you wish I did in some cases myself where I struggled but its easier using this with the evaluation points as researchers tend to be harder to remember Its up to you, it will work for both. Acronyms are “markers” that I used to trigger my memory to recall the rest of the cause essay example, essay. It is harder to remember a whole paragraph than it is essay 2011, a few letters which can then lead me to cause essay example remember what those letters stand for and the actual studies themselves. This then triggers my memory to recall how each study is thesis statement, evaluated for strengths and weaknesses and so forth a bit like a chain reaction. I have used the cause example, acronym MHBC which stands for the researchers McGuffin, Hutchings, Brunner and write a research paper penalty? Caspi et al. As soon as I see the question I remember my acronym and cause write this at principals resume the top: MHBC . Cause Essay? The green element is the Theory while the blue is the evaluation. Notice where I have put the letters.

As soon as I finish writing my theory (the green element) I look at my acronyms and recall M = McGuffin hence I recall his name and as I have practiced countless times writing this essay I recall his study too and the evaluation that goes with this. By the time I finish writing about him I look at the next letter which is H = Hutchings and this triggers my memory for his study and findings as well as the evaluation points. This is paper, how memorising the essays with chunking and acronyms works. It takes practice Using this method WILL NOT WORK unless you have model essays created first and set up in a way that acronyms fit into example them as I have done. Thats the bit that will require work on your half structuring it in a way that suits you. Once done you employ this method to recall all your essays.

Also to a research paper note: When creating your acronyms try and create a combination of cause example, letters that spell something or are easier to principals recall than a random order. For example remembering the acronym SPUD is easier than remembering the acronym PSDU. Take a stopwatch with you for cause essay example, the essay questions. One thing I did forget to emphasise in how to the video was the importance of taking a stopwatch with you so you can time yourself for cause essay, the Psya3 and Psya4 exams. When writing 24 mark essay answers, especially in psya3 you need to allocate your time accordingly and exercises a stopwatch is incredibly important as it saves you precious time looking up at the clock and cause example trying to figure out how much time you have left. Psya3 And Psya4 Is All About Exam Technique. Literally. Exam technique probably counts for 25% of the apa format assignment, mark you will get. The video above explains it but I#8217;ll get the main points written down too.

When answering 24 mark essay questions in Psya3 you have 1hr 30 minutes with 3 questions to answer. Therefore you need to split the example, time accordingly and apa format spend 30 minutes on cause, each question. Within this 30 minute window you need to again split this well between your theory and evaluation sections. If it is a full 24 mark essay question you will have it split with 8 marks for theory and usf application essay prompt 2011 16 marks for evaluation. Here I would recommend trying to maximise your marks for theory as much as possible as that is easier than the evaluation sections.

Spend no more than 8-10 minutes on this and cause then move on to the evaluation section trying to write as much evaluation elements as you can remember. Principals Resume? The only cause example, thing you must ensure is that you include at resume least two issues, debates and essay example approaches in your evaluation section. As your stopwatch hits the essay 2011, 30 minute mark, wrap up what your writing and then move on to the example, next question and try do the same again. You don#8217;t need to a research on death write 24 mark essay answers. To score an A* in example Psya3 June 2013 You only needed to score 16/24 marks in each essay. This year is likely to be close to 2011 that number as it only essay example, ever changes slightly so if you can score 8 marks in theory, you only need about 8-10 marks in the evaluation section to fall within the top bracket and principals score an cause essay, A* yourself. So you literally focus your attention accordingly. I personally think scoring marks for theory is easier than evaluation.

With the theory element you only have to remember an explanation of something while the evaluation section requires you to english remember research studies, the evaluation for cause, them and best college essay IDA#8217;s. Ultimately do what works for you this is all simply guidance at the end of the day and me chronicling my journey and what worked for me. It is by no means the definitive guide and cause we all learn and work differently. If you have found a method that works for you; use that instead. www.loopa.co.uk (c) To reference this article simply place an on death penalty?, active link to http://www.loopa.co.uk. Latest posts by Saj Devshi (see all) Do you know how many marks are awarded roughly for IDA?:) Im not certain if im honest I simply know for Psya3 you need to put them in to fall into the top bracket I imagine dependant on the depth you go into, if its quite good, it may score about 3 marks. If its basic probably 1-2 marks. Hey Saj, is there any next day delivery available at the checkout part? I really want these books ASAP!

The books are Ebooks, not physical copies and are available instantly after checkout! just follow the checkout process and it will redirect you to your purchased books for download instantly! :) Theres no waiting times! Hi, you know how you said #8216;it may score about 3 marks. Cause Essay Example? If its basic probably 1-2 marks.#8217; is that per IDA point? :) Hi Beth! Thats an impossible question to answer! Only AQA know the answer to that and apa format even they wont know until they get everyones scores marked for cause, this years exams! You can do it any way you feel! there is english essays, no set method but try and imagine how an examiner would want to essay example see it and what would make their lives easier! I#8217;ve been lucky enough to discover your website right at the start of the thesis statement exercises, academic year! So understandably, I feel quite optimistic and example excited for 2016!

Just wanted to say this is an awesome thing you#8217;re doing, can#8217;t thank you enough :) Glad you like the website :) I#8217;ll be around all year to help students and theres loads of free resources which will be uploaded this month for new AS students too for the new spec currently writing unit 2 essays so students can smash these new exams too, Just have a quick question regarding the course I was hoping you could help me with. Essays? As of cause example, currently, do you need over 90% UMS in all four units of Psychology ALevel to achieve an A* overall? One of my teachers seems to think that#8217;s the case but based on the information I have been able to find myself, I get the 30 diploma essays, impression it just has to be over 90% UMS overall at the end of the course. Please advise further. Your teacher is incorrect; You need 320 UMS in total for an A grade however to example score an A* grade its 320 or more plus averaging 90% over the two A2 units (units 3+4). So you can not score less than 180 UMS over A2 basically and provided that score in addition to your AS score is 320 UMS or more you will achieve an A* grade. I hope this helps! Theres a really good video for A2 revision on the homepage its the second video when you scroll down and it explains my technique in thesis great detail :) A2 is a memory game really; the cause essay example, best idea is to create model essay answers and memorise them; if you#8217;ve got my a2 ebooks for principals, the topics your doing, you simply reword them into your own words as they are all A* grade essays and then memorise them; its literally that simple!

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Cause and Effect Essay | Essay …

carreer resume This articles provides a collection of sample resume objectives. Career objective is the example most important part of resume which describe your motive for job. How To Write On Death. This statement helps employer to example determine whether your goal is in line with their organization and the position available. Take your time to statement exercises create a powerful opening for resume. Your Objective should be two or three lines long at most.

Choose the objectives which describe your skills best. To make a sound position in corporate world and work enthusiastically in example, team to achieve goal of the organization/MNC with devotion and write a research paper, hard work. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job Satisfaction and cause essay example, self development and write on death, help me achieve personal as well as organization goals. To seek challenging assignment and responsibility, with an opportunity for growth and career advancement as successful achievements. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance.

To serve my parents, and my country with the best of my abilities. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and cause essay example, earn a job which provides me satisfaction and assignment, self development and help me to achieve organizational goal. To work in an environment which provides more avenues in the fields of computer Hardware and Networking. To be involved in work where I can utilize skill and creatively involved with system That effectively contributes to the growth of organization. To pursue a highly rewarding career, seeking for a job in challenging and healthy work environment where I can utilize my skills and knowledge efficiently for organizational growth. To be an astute learner and the best performer in your organization.

So that I can build an innovative career in your esteemed organization by using my skills and other significant talents. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job Which provides me job satisfaction and self development and cause essay example, help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To work in pragmatic way in an organization where I can show my talent and enhance my skills to meet company goals and apa format writing assignment, objective with full integrity and zest. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provide me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To achieve high carrier growth through a continuous learning process and keep myself dynamic, visionary and competitive with the changing scenario of the world. To work in a challenging environment that provides generous opportunities for learning.

In the cause essay example field of Hardware/Networking. To seek challenging assignment and responsibility with an opportunity for growth and english 30 diploma, career advancement as a successfully achievement. To work hard with full determination and dedication to achieve organizational as well as personal goals. To give my best in my professional pursuit for overall benefit and growth of the company that I serve by essay example, facing the challenges. I will show my caliber and gain some experience.

To obtain professional and financial heights, both for apa format writing the organization and self, through skill and knowledge and learn from presents as well as establishment also. To obtain a position of responsibilities that utilizes my skills and experience and keen to work in an environment where I can enrich my knowledge. To succeed in an environment of cause growth and excellence and college admission essay, earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and cause example, self development and best admission, help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To strive for excellence, to work in such an environment that will enhance my knowledge and career, where I can perform my management skills according to my strong Caliber and efficiency. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to serve my organization in essay example, best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To live honest and hard life to work in a highly challenging competitive environment for the enhancement of my creative abilities and optimum profitability of the organization.

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As I am the fresher in this field, I will know about the nature of my work. Moreover, I will attempt to know about the various processes which form my job. By doing so, I will be able to do my job more proficiently. On the other hand, I shall implement my knowledge into the practical world. I will always try to english 30 diploma essays use my skills like honesty, devotion towards my job, punctuality etc. I will discuss my ideology with my superiors. To work in essay example, a progressive organization which can expand all my knowledge and provided me exciting opportunities to english essays utilize my skills and qualification to produce result fidelity. To be part of reputed organization which provides a steady career growth along with job satisfaction, challenges and give value contribution in the success of organization. To be a professional and to utilize my skill and essay, knowledge to full fill the requirement of the statement exercises organization in customer service. To work with best of cause example my abilities an skills in order to benefit my organization to be better other in this competitive Time an influential position in the organization. To work in a research penalty?, an organization where I can fulfill my dream to become as a successful computer hardwareand networking engineer.”

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Types of Papers: Cause and Effect

essay of china FROM COUNTRY TO CITY. Social Changes of essay example China in Photography. Translated by John Yu Zou. The Chinese Reform has been underway for more than a quarter of a century.

This historical social transformation is one in how to write a research paper penalty? which all of Chinese society is moving toward urbanization. In the context of such a massive makeover, Chinese documentary photography provides a sustained focus on social changes and unprecedented new social experiences. With support from Bates College, I organized this exhibition of photographs with works by seven contemporary Chinese photographers to cause essay example, illuminate the path that China has traveled in the past twenty-five years. The exhibition is intended to illustrate changes in Chinese society to an American audience. The photographs by the painter Liu Xiaodi were taken in the late 1970s and early 1980s. At the time, while he was an art student on fieldwork trips in China’s rural areas, he sketched and took photographs.

As an art student, he was motivated to take the photographs as source material for his paintings. However, it is precisely because Liu did not receive formal schooling as a photographer that these images are free from some of the conventions of art photography. Instead of methodically orchestrating light and composition, he merely recorded what he saw through the camera, so that upon his return to the city, he could scrutinize the principals images again and rework them into his paintings. Without the cause photographer’s preoccupations, Liu’s work conveys a moment of transparency and simplicity. Village (series), 1978-1979.

I place Liu at the beginning of the statement exhibition because his images of Chinese rural life retain the traces of a society bound by the social structure and lifestyles of the Maoist era. Agricultural production among Chinese peasants, the conditions and substance of country living, and the states of the mind and mutual relations among people all receive representation in Liu’s works. The photographs that he originally took for cause example his painting projects made him an accidental witness to principals resume, a unique episode in Chinese history. Master of the House (series) Zhao Weidong, 16, Jiyvan County, Compared with Liu Xiaodi’s non-conceptual approach, Jiang Jian projects a distinctive formal and conceptual awareness in his portraits taken in Henan province during the 1990s. His technique has an apparent and misleading straightforwardness. He positions peasant figures against images on the wall of the main room, the equivalent in Chinese rural architecture to the living room in an urban residence. In traditional Chinese living spaces, the essay central wall hanging in the main room expresses the values of Chinese patriarchy and apa format assignment is usually a large-sized painting or work of calligraphy. The memorial tablets on the offering table express the importance of the lineage of the clan and the centrality of family ethics.

Traditionally, the cause example cultural signs found in these graphic and calligraphic images impose symbolic restraint upon the behavior of family members. The main room is also the center of family activities including memorial services to ancestors, family conferences, and the reception of guests. Statement! The area serves family members and constitutes the key venue where they interact with visitors. These photographs reveal that, in the context of essay contemporary Chinese social transformation, we find not only ancient traditions persist in the space of these main rooms, but political ideologies and various elements of popular culture have now entered the space and are competing against english 30 diploma essays, one another. Numerous political messages, images of essay contemporary popular culture, and signs of traditional culture coexist within the same space. Today, interiors revealing traditional ritual activities are becoming more rare in China, especially in the coastal cities. They are being replaced by décor evoking Western-style living rooms.

The Master of the House series expresses the persistence of Chinese rural society and folk traditions in an increasingly urban China. How do we understand the college admission youtube concurrence of popular society, traditional culture, Confucian traditions, and political ideologies, and their mutual impact on contemporary China? To what extent may we achieve accuracy in their description with the help of different theories and methodologies? Many of us are facing these questions. The unique approach of the essay example Master of the House series provides some heuristic leads. Usf Application 2011! Jiang Jian invites his subjects to adopt standing or sitting positions in a living space that is example, still richly resonant with meaning, and then within that format he records every visual detail of their bodily presence and their surroundings. It is through such detail that he displays the conditions of life among Chinese peasants, and through bold folk coloring he highlights the cultural taste in rural central China. At the same time, Jiang is also able to render a scenario characterized by the coexistence of government ideologies, contemporary popular culture, and traditional culture. Of course, what we may further learn from the photographs is that the process of essay urbanization is also one in which the cause example values of apa format writing assignment urban living begin to be widely circulated and to take root in rural areas. Jiang Jian thus makes available to us a set of visual documents to help understand the daily lives of Chinese peasants in a specific geographic region.

Besiege the City by the Country (series) Through the 1990s, Zhang Xinmin, from cause Guangdong province, was engaged in a colossal visual project: Besiege the City by the Country: The Long March of Chinese Peasants to the City . This project consisted of three. parts: Village and Small Town Life , To the principals City , and The City . In a panoramic sweep, Zhang tried to capture the single most significant event in the contemporary transformation of Chinese society: peasants’ departure. from their land and their integration into essay, city life. Since the 1980s, because of radical changes in China’s social structure and economic policies, there has been a fevered acceleration in the process of urbanization.

Massive numbers of english surplus laborers from rural China flocked to the city in search of essay work. According to a survey conducted by the Rural Survey Team at China’s Central Statistics Bureau, by 2001 almost ninety million Chinese workers had moved from rural to assignment, urban regions. Besiege the City by the Country (series) However, for cause essay peasant workers, the prospects for how to write paper penalty? life and work in the city have not been good. The challenges they face in the cities far surpass finding adequate food and shelter. Cities and their social structures have also not been prepared enough, in either material or psychological terms, to welcome peasant workers. Even though the cities and their traditional residents have grown dependent upon the services of peasant workers, the latter are often subject to ill treatment. Zhang’s photographs reveal the urban survival techniques of cause essay example Chinese peasants and their gradual transition toward their new roles as city dwellers. The moments he captures forcefully convey the principals resume details of peasant life in the city, whether it is the cause essay example taking of pictures for assignment identification cards, which is the first step toward finding a job in the city, or the pin-ups of voluptuous women and the blown-up images of a Chinese banknote decorating their mosquito-netted bunks.

Zhang Xingmin’s photographs remind us that in the process of cause essay example urbanization, peasant workers have come to constitute a key component of contemporary Chinese urban life. Their living and working conditions in best admission the cities should be acknowledged as a part of China’s social reality, and a part of China’s urban culture. Through his photographic eye, Zhang gives detailed representation to their ordeals in cause the urban environment. Shanghailanders (series), 1992-1995. In the usf application prompt 1990s, urbanization in China grew at an extraordinary pace. Many social tensions intensified and became highly visible. While the speed of essay social change no doubt left an assignment indelible impact on the values and lifestyles of peasants, it also profoundly reshaped the example ideas and resume daily lives of urban dwellers. Beginning in the early 1990s, the Shanghai photographer Lu Yuanmin spent ten years producing the series Shanghailanders . With his highly personal perspective, he brought forth images of Shanghai urbanites assaulted by profound economic change. At the cause center of apa format writing Lu Yuanmin’s photographs is a cohort of Shanghai residents who maintained their habitual ways of living on the eve of radical upheavals in Chinese society. The subjects of the Shanghailanders series are those who remained unconcerned with changes in their external world.

For a long time, this social group received almost no attention in Chinese media and press. Example! They were not the writing soldiers, workers, and peasants glorified in government propaganda, nor those “contemporary heroes” who responded positively to cause essay example, the new economic policies from above and actively engaged in essay commerce when the society moved toward a market economy. These were instead the essay example people left behind by usf application 2011 their own times. Like Zhang Xinmin’s peasant workers, these Shanghai urbanites were largely neglected by essay example mass media. But unlike the paper on death penalty? peasant workers caught in example Zhang’s gritty images, Shanghai’s residents asked for neither the society’s attention nor its assistance. They were a self-sufficient lot. How To Paper On Death! At some level these Shanghailanders represent the majority of the population in the metropolis, urban residents who stayed largely outside public discourse.

In terms of social background, Lu belongs to the same culture as his sitters. His photographs reveal a strong sense of identification with his subjects. Essay! In these images independent, self-possessed Shanghailanders receive the statement deepest of sympathy from the artist, but the particulars of their living environments also become subjects of exquisite description. In this series, the cause example Shanghailanders appear willing to lose themselves in times that have passed. From their reserved and somewhat defiant manners, we may appreciate the complicated psychological reaction of a particular group to radical social transformation. The stillness of their gestures and positions contrasts dramatically with the violent and unpredictable social mobility within Chinese society at the time.

Through Lu’s lenses, they serve as a static point of reference to observe and consider drastic social changes. Shangai Sketch (series), 2002. Zhou Ming’s early works, The Last Day of No. 1 National Railway and Housing Shortages , were series that recorded Shanghai urban life at the beginning of the 1990s. From then on, he gave priority to street shots in an effort to capture changes in Shanghai’s urban public spaces. These were distinctive for the employment of what photographers call the principals “optic unconscious.” Zhou seeks to render the reality of Shanghai in cause a style that straddles documentary record and personal viewpoint. He does so by thesis exercises gathering a large number of photographic details of everyday life in the city. He also juxtaposes graphic symbols of very different significance within the. same frame to provoke associations regarding the passage of time.

The New Residences of Luoyang series, created by essay Luo Yongjin in the 1990s, addresses an best admission ancient Chinese capital of six different dynasties. Cause Essay Example! Luoyang is not a typical modern city, and the images evoke a “pre-modern” urban architectural style. How To On Death Penalty?! Depicting contemporary Chinese residential buildings of cause essay extraordinary solidity and power, the photographer articulates a deep-seated Chinese architectural aesthetic and spatial consciousness. Admission! By way of essay stark visual reduction, these works bring together the architectural aspects of Chinese residential construction and the reductive nature of Western modernist architecture, even though the similarity comes across as rather crude. The aggressive architectural surfaces in the images stand in contrast to the clusters of skyscrapers in the coastal cities, and are evidence that urbanization in the Chinese interior follows a different pattern from the coast. New Residences of Luoyang (series) Such works by principals resume Luo provide a meaningful point of cause departure for an understanding of the relationship between architecture and urban life and write a research on death development in interior Chinese cities, as well as the limited aesthetic resources of Chinese city dwellers in these areas. After Luo began working in Shanghai, his collage-style, grid-partitioned works singularly expressed the modern city’s endless expansiveness and self-duplication. In the recent publication, Research Report on essay example, Contemporary Chinese Class (Lu Xueyi editor, Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe, Beijing, 2002), Chinese sociologists redefined the social classes in China. According to this model, Chinese society now may be divided into ten classes. The leading classes of the Maoist era, the industrial workers and english essays peasants, are ranked eighth and cause example ninth, posited above only the tenth class, made up of the unemployed and semi-unemployed.

According to this scheme industrial workers and peasants are no longer the decisive forces propelling social progress in how to write paper on death penalty? China. The “masters” of Chinese society in Maoist times now define the lowest strata of the social hierarchy. Heaviness of Industry (series) At a time when working-class existence is increasingly marginalized and workers’ images appear with ever decreasing frequency in China, Zhou Hai’s Heaviness of essay Industry project refocuses our attention on the life and working conditions of best college admission youtube industrial workers who have been irretrievably remade into the society’s “silent majority.” Zhou’s documentary project began in 1997 and is, according to him, still ongoing. In his own writing, he makes it clear that the motive in taking these pictures is to draw more peoples’ attention toward what is hidden behind industries, toward the labor and subsistence of the workers. His images are intended to call attention to the human component of the abstract notion of industry. He wants to cause, demonstrate the heaviness of principals industry as supported by these silent human figures, a heaviness borne by the real members of the working class. While the images in the Heaviness of Industry series strive to show the workers’ labor and subsistence in cause essay example physical terms, they also expose the drift of the working class as a whole from the center of Chinese society to resume, its peripheries. The Heaviness of Industry series catalogs a number of raw moments in workers’ operational routines from a rich variety of perspectives.

Zhou’s images do not aestheticize the laborers’ physical hardship, nor do they present sensational characterizations of human tragedy. Neither singing praise to cause essay example, modernization nor reflecting upon exercises the negative consequences of the process may be as important as providing a site for an extensive social appreciation of the material experiences of “industry,” of the persons who are engaged in industrial production, of the relationship between the cause human body and work, of the value of work to the entire society. Heaviness of Industry (series) Because of the special conditions of best social development and historical coincidences, modernization in China is following a unique trajectory. Well before its infrastructural base undergoes systematic industrial modernization, the country faces a transition toward a digital society. Cause Example! The conflicting objectives and realities between the pursuit of industrialization and the drive toward post-industrial environments result in much awkwardness in actual social experience. The industrial workers in Zhou’s pictures embody such awkwardness in the most direct terms. These works do not excessively elaborate upon the experience itself.

Rather, they introduce us to the complicated psychological states — a mixture of pride, perseverance, loss, and helplessness — with which the workers react toward the complexities of the historical moment. By weaving together subliminal settings and intimate depictions, Zhou takes his subjects away from the Maoist myths handed down from the past and returns them to statement exercises, their actual condition and salvation. From the documentary works by these Chinese photographers, we may conclude that there is a parallel between the growth of Chinese documentary photography and changes in Chinese society. The appearance of works with a distinct social vision bespeaks of the beginning of a process in which Chinese photography is emerging from the constraints of state ideologies. Photographers are taking individual critical stances toward the reality of society.

The cameras in the photographers’ hands are tools to record dramatic transformation and day-to-day social experience while they articulate a personal worldview.