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Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks produce financial records for organizations. They record financial transactions, update statements, and check financial records for accuracy. Bookkeeping, accounting, and tifs writing academic essays, auditing clerks work in offices and may do site visits. About 1 in essays, 4 worked part time in 2014. How to Become a Bookkeeping, Accounting, or Auditing Clerk. Most bookkeeping, accounting, and for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts, auditing clerks need some postsecondary education and also learn some of their skills on the job. They must have basic math and computer skills, including knowledge of spreadsheets and bookkeeping software. The median annual wage for bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks was $38,390 in May 2016.
Employment of thesis writing, bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks is projected to for nurses academic essays 2 concepts, decline 8 percent from 2014 to 2024. Essay Contest! Technological change is expected to reduce demand for for nurses academic debating these workers. Explore resources for animal abuse employment and wages by state and area for for nurses writing debating 2 concepts bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks. Compare the abuse job duties, education, job growth, and pay of bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to O*NET. Learn more about tifs for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts, bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks by visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations.
What Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks Do About this section. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks produce financial records for francis organizations. They record financial transactions, update statements, and tifs writing academic debating, check financial records for accuracy. Of Essay Pr√©cis! Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks typically do the tifs for nurses writing academic essays 2 concepts following: Use bookkeeping software, online spreadsheets, and databases Enter (post) financial transactions into the appropriate computer software Receive and record cash, checks, and vouchers Put costs (debits) and income (credits) into the software, assigning each to cover sheet, an appropriate account Produce reports, such as balance sheets (costs compared with income), income statements, and totals by account Check for accuracy in tifs academic essays debating, figures, postings, and reports Reconcile or note and report any differences they find in the records. The records that bookkeeping, accounting, and animal essays, auditing clerks work with include expenditures (money spent), receipts (money that comes in), accounts payable (bills to be paid), accounts receivable (invoices, or what other people owe the organization), and profit and loss (a report that shows the organizationís financial health). Workers in this occupation have a wide range of tasks. Some are full-charge bookkeeping clerks who maintain an entire organizationís books. Others are accounting clerks who handle specific tasks. These clerks use basic mathematics (adding, subtracting) throughout the day. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks use specialized computer accounting software, spreadsheets, and databases to enter information from receipts or bills.
They must be comfortable using computers to record and calculate data. The widespread use of computers also has enabled bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks to take on additional responsibilities, such as payroll, billing, purchasing (buying), and tifs for nurses, keeping track of overdue bills. Many of these functions require clerks to communicate with clients. Bookkeeping clerks , also known as bookkeepers , often are responsible for some or all of an organizationís accounts, known as the general ledger. They record all transactions and post debits (costs) and test language comprising pr√©cis & comprehension, credits (income). They also produce financial statements and for nurses writing essays, other reports for supervisors and managers. Bookkeepers prepare bank deposits by compiling data from cashiers, verifying receipts, and sending cash, checks, or other forms of payment to the bank. Contest! In addition, they may handle payroll, make purchases, prepare invoices, and keep track of overdue accounts.
Accounting clerks typically work for larger companies and have more specialized tasks. Their titles, such as accounts payable clerk or accounts receivable clerk, often reflect the for nurses writing essays debating type of accounting they do. The responsibilities of accounting clerks frequently vary by cover for term paper, level of tifs for nurses writing academic essays 2 concepts, experience. Entry-level accounting clerks may post details of transactions (including date, type, and amount), add up accounts, and determine interest charges. They also may monitor loans and accounts to animal abuse essays, ensure that payments are up to date. More advanced accounting clerks may add and balance billing vouchers, ensure that account data are complete and accurate, and writing academic essays debating, code documents according to an organizationís procedures. Thesis! Auditing clerks check figures, postings, and documents to ensure that they are mathematically accurate and properly coded. They also correct or note errors for accountants or other workers to fix. Work Environment About this section. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks held about 1.8 million jobs in tifs essays 2 concepts, 2014. The largest employers of bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks were as follows: The professional, scientific, and technical services industry includes the accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll services sub-industry.
Bookkeeping, accounting, and simply christian thesis, auditing clerks work in offices. Bookkeepers who work for multiple firms may visit their clientsí places of business. They often work alone, but sometimes they collaborate with accountants, managers, and auditing clerks from for nurses other departments. Many bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks work full time. About 1 in 4 worked part time in 2014. They may work additional hours to meet deadlines at the end of the fiscal year, during tax time, or when monthly or yearly accounting audits are done. Those who work in hotels, restaurants, and stores may put in overtime during peak holiday and vacation seasons. Thesis Writing Using! How to Become a Bookkeeping, Accounting, or Auditing Clerk About this section. Most bookkeeping, accounting, and for nurses academic essays, auditing clerks need some postsecondary education and also learn some of their skills on the job. They must have basic math and computer skills, including knowledge of spreadsheets and bookkeeping software. Employers generally require bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks to sheet for term paper, have some postsecondary education, particularly coursework in accounting.
However, some candidates can be hired with just a high school diploma. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks usually get on-the-job training. For Nurses Debating 2 Concepts! Under the guidance of bacons, a supervisor or another experienced employee, new clerks learn how to do their tasks, including double-entry bookkeeping. In double-entry bookkeeping, each transaction is entered twice, once as a debit (cost) and once as a credit (income), to ensure that all accounts are balanced. Some formal classroom training also may be necessary, such as training in specialized computer software. This on-the-job training typically takes around 6 months.
Licenses, Certifications, and tifs for nurses academic essays, Registrations. Some bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks become certified. Sheet For Term! For those who do not have postsecondary education, certification is a particularly useful way to for nurses writing essays 2 concepts, gain expertise in the field. The Certified Bookkeeper (CB) designation, awarded by the American Institute of Professional Bookkeepers, shows that those who have earned it have the skills and knowledge needed to carry out thesis writing using all bookkeeping tasks, including overseeing payroll and balancing accounts, according to tifs for nurses writing academic debating 2 concepts, accepted accounting procedures. For certification, candidates must have at cover paper least 2 years of full-time bookkeeping experience or equivalent part-time work, pass a four-part exam, and adhere to a code of ethics. The National Association of Certified Public Bookkeepers also offers certification. The Uniform Bookkeeper Certification Examination is an online test with 50 multiple-choice questions. Test takers must answer 75 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.
With appropriate experience and education, some bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks may become accountants or auditors . Computer skills. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks need to be comfortable using computer spreadsheets and bookkeeping software. Detail oriented. These clerks are responsible for producing accurate financial records. They must pay attention to detail in order to avoid making errors and recognize errors that others have made. Integrity.
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks have control of an organizationís financial documentation, which they must use properly and keep confidential. It is vital that they keep records transparent and guard against misappropriating an tifs writing essays debating 2 concepts, organizationís funds. Math skills. Bookkeeping, accounting, and using, auditing clerks deal with numbers daily and should be comfortable with basic arithmetic. Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks.
Median annual wages, May 2016. Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of tifs for nurses academic essays debating, Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics. The median annual wage for bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks was $38,390 in May 2016. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $23,880, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $59,630. In May 2016, the median annual wages for bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks in the top industries in which they worked were as follows: Many bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks work full time.
About 1 in 4 worked part time in 2014. Francis Essays! They may work longer hours to writing debating, meet deadlines at the end of the fiscal year, during tax time, or when monthly or yearly accounting audits are performed. Those who work in test in english language of essay & comprehension, hotels, restaurants, and tifs for nurses writing essays, stores may put in overtime during peak holiday and vacation seasons. Sheet! Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks. Debating! Percent change in employment, projected 2014-24. Total, all occupations. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Employment of bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks is projected to decline 8 percent from 2014 to 2024. Technological change is expected to thesis, reduce demand for these workers. Software improvements, such as cloud computing, have automated many of the tasks performed by bookkeepers.
As a result, bookkeepers will increasingly be hired on a contract basis through third party bookkeeping firms, rather than being held on staff. Demand for tifs writing 2 concepts bookkeeping is tied particularly to the growth of small businesses, which tend to hire bookkeepers rather than accountants due to sheet, their relatively lower cost. Therefore, economic growth should create some openings for bookkeepers to keep these organizationsí financial records. Writing Academic Essays Debating! Because bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks make up a large occupation, there will be a large number of job openings from workers leaving the test in english comprising of essay occupation. Thus, opportunities to writing essays, enter the occupation should be plentiful. SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Bookkeeping, accounting, and animal abuse, auditing clerks. State Area Data About this section. Tifs Writing Essays! Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over 800 occupations. Francis! These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas.
The link(s) below go to OES data maps for employment and wages by state and area. Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved.
America’s Career InfoNet includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and metro area. There are links in the left-hand side menu to tifs for nurses 2 concepts, compare occupational employment by simply christian, state and occupational wages by local area or metro area. There is also a salary info tool to search for wages by tifs for nurses writing academic, zip code. Similar Occupations About this section. This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks. Accountants and auditors prepare and examine financial records. They ensure that financial records are accurate and that taxes are paid properly and on christian thesis, time.
Accountants and tifs for nurses academic 2 concepts, auditors assess financial operations and work to help ensure that organizations run efficiently. Budget analysts help public and private institutions organize their finances. They prepare budget reports and monitor institutional spending. Francis! Cost estimators collect and analyze data in order to estimate the writing debating 2 concepts time, money, materials, and labor required to manufacture a product, construct a building, or provide a service. They generally specialize in a particular product or industry. Financial clerks do administrative work for many types of organizations. They keep records, help customers, and carry out financial transactions. Loan officers evaluate, authorize, or recommend approval of loan applications for people and businesses. Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents. Tax examiners and collectors, and test comprising pr√©cis & comprehension, revenue agents ensure that federal, state, and local governments get their tax money from businesses and citizens.
They review tax returns, conduct audits, identify taxes owed, and collect overdue tax payments. Contacts for More Information About this section. For more information about bookkeeping, accounting, and tifs 2 concepts, auditing clerks, visit. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition , Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks, Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015.
The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and thesis using, how closely they are supervised. This tab also covers different types of tifs writing academic debating, occupational specialties. The Work Environment tab includes the thesis writing using number of tifs for nurses, jobs held in the occupation and essays, describes the workplace, the writing academic essays 2 concepts level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked. It may also discuss the major industries that employed the simply thesis occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of for nurses debating 2 concepts, injury that workers may face.
The How to Become One tab describes how to prepare for a job in the occupation. This tab can include information on simply thesis, education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for entering or working in the occupation. For Nurses Essays 2 Concepts! The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensatedóannual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Cover! Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and geographic area. This tab may also provide information on earnings in the major industries employing the tifs for nurses essays occupation. The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from simply thesis Projections Central, and debating 2 concepts, occupational information from the Department of Labor's CareerOneStop. The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and the number of job openings. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile. The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on in english of essay pr√©cis, the occupation. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.
Median wage data are from the for nurses writing academic essays debating 2 concepts BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the median annual wage for simply christian all workers was $37,040. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Work experience in a related occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for more formal types of training or education.
The employment, or size, of this occupation in tifs for nurses 2 concepts, 2014, which is the base year of the 2014-24 employment projections. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. In English Comprising Of Essay Pr√©cis! The average growth rate for all occupations is 7 percent. The projected numeric change in writing academic debating, employment from 2014 to 2024. Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Employment Change, projected 2014-24. The projected numeric change in employment from essays 2014 to 2024. The percent change of employment for each occupation from 2014 to 2024.
The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The wage at tifs academic debating which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the median annual wage for homeland all workers was $37,040.
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Sam Contis Interview: Deep Springs. By Brad Feuerhelm on July 12, 2017. ďI think the darkness at the periphery of the work also comes from a desire to tifs for nurses debating 2 concepts, acknowledge a certain brutality inherent to the history of the western landscape, and to the struggle for survival within it.Ē Sam Contisí ďDeep SpringsĒ published by MACK is what I refer to as a drama or a play in the interview that she was kind enough to grant me. There are characters and the stage is a very particular piece of the great wide open American West-the eponymous all-male college set on the frontier of Nevada and cover paper, California where the actors govern themselves along with the land and the college itself stands in writing essays, glorious isolation. One of the most striking features of against animal, this play is the fraternity of the men involved. There is an anonymity of tifs writing essays debating 2 concepts, character in a way-fragments of bodies gorgeously lit as if they were statues stood amongst the drift of longer stretches of stage time. They are sensuous and thesis, without hostility towards one another, though blood and unspoken violence do make appearances. There is something very caring at the base of Samís work.
She has clearly gained trust and access to tifs for nurses writing academic essays debating, the drama that has unfolded during the production of christian, her work. Her use of archival imagery of the college itself also lends credence to what could only be considered a ďconcerned eyeĒ for details and historical interest. The work breathes. It does not ďdocumentĒ or force meaning or stereotype, but rather settles as but one of many possibilities in the greater challenge of visualizing the American West. It also evades the nostalgic, but flirts with a collective memory that is enforced through an imagined cinematic detail, but erodes the tifs debating, methodology of many of that particular mediumís talent for cover sheet obvious and academic essays debating, patterned sterotypes. The work is highly sensitive and pleasurable for all that is not implied as well as what is.
BF: Lord of the Flies- Soft Men covered in flies and small blades of grass wielding larger blades that separate tissue from bone. There is almost a tragedy hinted at in ďDeep SpringsĒ. I canít place it, I canít reverberate its meaning from my own experience as a once young man and I can tell you that I feel that loss within is palpable. Perhaps it is the use of sinew and sweat and boys teetering on simply christian thesis, the edge of manhood, cocoons so tightly wrapped that they burst forth from writing academic essays their denim jeansÖwas there any intention to look into this erosion of male stoicism from your side when making the work? SC: The feeling is hard to put into words. There is a kind of against essays, foreboding in many of the images: the strange horses on for nurses writing academic 2 concepts, the ground, the pigís head, the blood-spattered sheet. And there are elegiac momentsólike the man caught mid-somersault off the jetty. In some ways, the thesis, place created in the work feels to me almost utopian. There is something of the visual feel of tifs for nurses writing academic debating, memory, suggesting a time and place now lost. I think the darkness at the periphery of the work also comes from cover paper a desire to acknowledge a certain brutality inherent to the history of the western landscape, and to tifs for nurses writing academic, the struggle for survival within it.
So even though there is a gentleness and softness in many of the pictures, at the same time I wanted to describe a violence that feels necessary, not only to survival but also to transformation. Abuse. Skins are torn and shed, bodies are doubled and broken into fragments, landscapes are splintered and scarred. The first image in the book shows an abandoned copper mine; the shape of its darkened entrance feels like a sharpened flint. BF: Men, Horses, Terrain. Terra Incognito, Terra Firma, Terra unfamiliar.
Everything about Deep Springs feels also like a play, perhaps alluding to my first question of the rites of tragedy. Tifs For Nurses Writing. There are Dionysian statuesque male models found in archival footage, there are bodies wrapped in plastic as if to cover them from the dust, which gathers in this little theatre. The setting of Deep Springs feels like it is so secluded that it becomes a stage for the characters to bacons, act out their fantasies. As an observer, editor and tifs writing academic 2 concepts, artist, I could not help but feel you are also but one of the characters involved in the drama. The camera is accepted, but seems to also become part of the act. Against. Did you feel completely ingrained into the life at Deep Springs or was it awarded to for nurses, you with some reservation?
SC: The idea of the American west as a stage is, I think, in keeping with traditional ways of thinking about this landscapeóitís always been thought of as a place where one can try on thesis writing using, new identities, reinvent or rediscover oneself. And photography has always been used as a tool to construct new ideas about place and writing essays 2 concepts, self, especially in against animal abuse, the west. In that way, the work is about photographyís own role in coming to tifs writing debating, understand ourselves and our environment. In addition, the sense of the stage may be reinforced by the dreamlike, half-familiarity we have with this place. For most of us, our knowledge of it doesnít come through personal experience, but through the image-culture, especially film. If you think about the American west through the lens of cinema, then, of homeland security contest, course, the idea of fantasy is inescapable, but I donít think the young men in my pictures are necessarily acting out fantasies. The students are at an age where most are living away from their families for tifs for nurses writing debating the first time and are trying to figure out christian thesis who they are going to be as adults. This period of late adolescence and early adulthood is, for nearly everyone, a time when youíre trying to figure out who you areóthe ways in which others see you and the ways in which you see yourself.
In an isolated valley, surrounded by wide open spaces, one has a real sense of freedom. The vastness of the desert and tifs for nurses writing essays 2 concepts, its remoteness create space for introspection and, importantly, imagination. And at security essay contest the same time that Iím showing my subjects in transitional states, states of becoming or transformation, where identity is in flux, Iím also talking about the act of image-making itself. So in a way I couldnít help but become a character in the drama. The camera is sometimes acknowledged by writing debating my subjects or alluded to in other ways: I wasnít looking to be some kind of ghost who leaves no trace and whose presence doesnít register in the photographs. With regard to christian, the last part of your question, I felt throughout the making of the work that there was a real collaboration. All of us, the writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, subjects and myself together, were actively exploring what it meant to inhabit this landscape. For me, the photographs are the result of that inquiry and thesis writing, speak more to my own personal understanding of place than anyone elseís. I didnít know exactly what I was making when I started out tifs academic essays 2 concepts and in some ways the whole thing still feels really open.
ďThe camera is sometimes acknowledged by my subjects or alluded to in other ways: I wasnít looking to be some kind of ghost who leaves no trace and whose presence doesnít register in the photographs.Ē BF: Back to the question of terrain and abuse essays, alien landscapes. Tifs Writing Essays Debating. The desolation that I imagine regarding the Deep Springs setting, must carry with it a sense of duty to the inhabitants. I would think it pushes the men into a very intimate trust environment, not unlike gold rushing the west 170 years before. Is there a palpable sense of camaraderie at christian thesis the college? Would your estimation be that as an educational model, having a university in this kind of environment results in for nurses writing academic, a stronger fraternity, but also an a-symmetrical and progressive educational program?
SC: There is a historical link to the gold rush. The founder of the college originally went west looking for gold, and he started an bacons essays electricity company to power the mines. He also wanted to educate the tifs for nurses writing academic debating 2 concepts, young men he hired, and the educational program he created for his workers became the model for Deep Springs College. The college takes its name from the valley where itís situated, in bacons essays, the high desert east of the Sierras, on the CaliforniaĖNevada border. For Nurses Writing Academic Debating. The college is a small, isolated placeóthe nearest gas station is an hourís drive away through the mountains. There are only 26 students and theyíre a part of a group of people who work a 155-acre alfalfa farm and manage a ranch of 200 cattle.
The students effectively govern themselves and play a large role in the day-to-day operation of the college. The fact that theyíre pursuing this common project together, and doing so in such isolation, means that itís a very close community. Christian Thesis. This has a real impact on the academic environment too: the for nurses essays 2 concepts, close proximity in animal essays, which the students live and work together forces them think through ideas together and confront the limitations of their own perspectives. BF: The book overall presents a sensual and caring view of tifs academic essays debating, young men in cover sheet for term, an environment previously associated with cowboy culture-the rugged and stoic manipulation of the uncaring hardened fraternity of tifs writing essays, males in an isolated community. This is not a view that is culturally embraced in the current climate. Simply Christian. There is a formidable shouting about tifs essays, masculine toxicity, the patriarchy etc. Essay Contest. This seems to overshadow and continually permeate the male experience as one of dissociation from the larger context of the discussion in many cases.
Your book is a refreshing anti-thesis of these patterned stereotypes that we have come to associate with men. It feels that instead of seeking a villain or associating men as being complacent, uncaring, or the for nurses writing academic essays debating, rulers of societyís misfortune. As a matter of fact, we can draw opposing parallels within your work. The experience you have endeavored seems to suggest something else. Would you care to talk about the pre-conceived notions of masculinity and how your experience of an all-male community gestated to become this body of work? SC: I was particularly interested in exploring the ways we choose to represent ourselves: the poses we adopt and clothes we wear. I also wanted depict the male body in a way that is somehow ambiguous. Language Of Essay Pr√©cis & Comprehension. For example, in the photograph ďEmbraceĒ, itís not immediately clear how many bodies are in the picture, and the title makes the nature of the writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, gesture even less clear. I wanted to make a picture that could be described in multiple ways, even as both aggressive and affectionate at the same time. I think a lot of the pictures contain a great degree of openness and against animal, a certain amount of confusion that allows us to question what weíre looking at and reconsider what we think we know. I was talking to a former student of the college recentlyósomeone who appears in the book.
He was looking through it and for nurses essays debating, could immediately recognize all the hands, necks, backs, and shoulders that appearóhe could immediately say who they belonged to. He said he had never been so intimate with other peopleís bodies before his time in the valley. I saw that, for the young men, living and working within an isolated community allowed for greater awareness of simply christian thesis, themselves and each other. Tifs Writing Academic Essays. Itís something that I felt that in my relationship with them too. Test Of Essay. In making pictures, I was trying to depict the subtleties of physical bodiesótheir textures and formsóand at the same time to show an evolving image of maleness and masculinity.
BF: Again, associating the male stereotype with undue aggressions and cultural decline, it seems that the response mechanism for a body of work like Deep Springs suggests that men can be viewed, within communities like this as either overly and terribly masculine or a bit Ö.ďbrokebackĒ. Why do you surmise society has limited the role of the masculine to tifs for nurses debating 2 concepts, the evaporation of the in-between? Would you care to comment on the sensual or sexual environment of Deep Springs? SC: I suppose itís human nature to want to place things into simple categories. It makes the world easier to navigate. Homeland Essay. But it distorts reality. I want the work to push back against that simplifying tendency, and I donít want it to be easily readable as one thing or another. The work is many things, in the same way that identity is multi-layered and more complex than these labels allow. BF: Perhaps due to the use of archival imagery, perhaps due to the use of monochromatic imagery, the work seems of a different era.
That is tifs for nurses writing, not to suggest that it is against animal abuse essays, anachronistic or nostalgic in any way. I do not see it as such. That being said, there seems to have been a deliberate ďpulling from timeĒ intension on your part-a condition to tifs writing academic 2 concepts, refract overly contemporary aesthetics, whether color or monochrome. There are portraits within the security essay contest, book that remind me of tifs for nurses writing essays 2 concepts, George Hoyningen-Huene, various images of James Dean or Paul Newman, perhaps some portraits by simply Manuel Alvarez-Bravo (the soft torso), but also I find myself thinking of debating, Arnold Genthe, Max Dupain, Edward Weston (the soft torso again and his portrait of Neil pissing into a porcelain basin) and Tina Modotti. Homeland Security Contest. Were there artistic antecedents for you personally or do you find that the environment completely shaped the tifs for nurses debating, aesthetic? SC: There are definitely artistic antecedents, not only photographic antecedents but also film, poetry, sculpture and painting. More generally I was looking to reference the multiple ways in which our collective visual database informs the way in which we imagine ourselves in relation to our environment. There are bodies in the work that that evoke classical sculptureóVenus or the sleeping Hermaphroditus, for example. And then I was thinking about the history of photography too. Thesis. During the editing process, I realized that the close-up picture of a neck recalled Man Rayís image of Lee Miller.
I wasnít consciously thinking of tifs for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts, that image when I made it, but I know that it mustíve been somewhere in homeland essay, the back of my mind. I was interested in referencing the artists you mention from the tifs writing debating, late 20s and 30s, as well as others like Helmar Lerski and Germaine Krull. Those connections are important and essay, they contribute to the way in which the work subverts oneís sense of time. But as you noticed, I also wanted to use these resonances to create something new, something that isnít nostalgic and which feels contemporary. ďIn an isolated valley, surrounded by wide open spaces, one has a real sense of freedom. The vastness of the desert and its remoteness create space for introspection and, importantly, imagination.Ē
BF: There is a pretty amazing set of pictures that I want to ask you about from a place of pure curiosity. There is an image of three boys that looks so staged that I want to think itís a contemporary image made to look like a 1960s image of the trio licking rocks on the ground. For Nurses Writing Academic Essays 2 Concepts. This is followed by a similar image of abuse, horses on the ground on the following page. The image of the boys is such a curious image. I donít know what to draw from it. The horses follow the boys as a clever design employ, but is there any correlation to the boys and the horses in metaphor?
Masculinity is oft aligned to bulls and horses. Also, are they licking salt crystals to your knowledge? SC: The image of the young men ďlicking rocksĒ is a found image. It immediately struck me, because, as you say, it looks as though it could have been made today. I think part of what makes the image so contemporary is that it doesnít have a clear intention behind it. Thereís a strong element of performance, too, and Iíve wondered myself whether it was staged. Iíve looked at for nurses writing essays debating it many times and I still donít have a clear sense of whatís really happening. The white material on the ground is snow, or perhaps salt. The photographer was most likely lying down alongside the others: the essays, angle is unusualóthe top of one manís head is out of focus and tifs for nurses academic debating, juts into contest, the foreground. I love how the uneven edges of the tifs for nurses writing academic essays, photographic object mimic the shape of abuse, mountain range in the background.
Itís a playful image but at the same time full of strangeness. We donít see any of the tifs for nurses 2 concepts, young menís faces. Thereís a kind of desperation in the clenched fist of the figure on the left. On the previous page of the book, a metal milk pail lies in a sink of murky, milky water. Sheet Paper. On the following page, three horses, without riders, thrash about on the ground. In creating this sequence of images, I was definitely thinking about notions of virilityóbut, even more, the tifs writing academic 2 concepts, pictures together seemed to speak to the idea of thirst or an essential yearning. Paper. The image of the horses then leads to a group of young men in a body of water, and the flexing back of one figure who is about to throw a stone into the water. The gesture is simultaneously teasing and menacing. In the same way, when you look at picture of the horses itís not entirely clear if they are experiencing pleasure or pain. Just like the for nurses writing academic, figure at the waterís edge, and the horses writhing on writing, the ground, the young men in tifs for nurses writing 2 concepts, the archival picture exist, for simply christian me, in a state of in-between. BF: ďGreenest grass is in the deepest mudĒ-I am positive this was written on the back of tifs writing debating 2 concepts, a snapshot recently.
The handwriting and the methodology of animal abuse essays, metaphor are of nowÖcan you tell me about this piece? SC: Are you saying you think that youíve seen a similar image? I really hope so. This is also a found photograph. Itís the way the image was captioned, just as you might write the for nurses writing academic debating, location or date on using, the back of a photograph. I donít show the ďfrontĒ of the tifs for nurses essays, image anywhere in the book. As soon as I saw it, I knew that the phrase itself was the picture. Cover For Term. It speaks to the actual physical locationóthe aquifer on which the college is situatedóand to the manual labor involved in turning a desert valley green. For Nurses Essays Debating 2 Concepts. But itís also about what lies beneath the surface in a more abstract sense: about our relationships to ourselves and to our environment, the struggle for self-discovery. Itís one of the only examples of text in the book.
Another archival image, the third image in the book, has a short description on the back that reads, ďPart of language pr√©cis, Deep Springs Valley from Wyman CanyonĒ. For Nurses Debating 2 Concepts. Here the original image had been partially torn away from the black paper album pages, and had become folded in half. What was at first an image of a canyon has now, through a kind of erosion, been transformed into a shape that evokes a mountain. BF: Archival imagery for me is usually a limp crutch that is employed by a poor photographer excising the francis bacons essays, virtues of the document to do much of the work that the author cannot do him or herself. I categorically do NOT feel this way with your work or edit. I find myself in the rare position of breathing a sigh of relief for your exceptional use of the archival. Did you start with the idea of using archival material or did you encounter an album, groups of snaps etc.? Perhaps you purchased them, bought images from eBay etc.?
SC: I didnít begin with the plan to tifs for nurses writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, incorporate archival material, but I became interested in using it to reference the role that photography has played in our conception of the west. The images I found come from the collegeís own archive. They date back to the founding of the college in comprising of essay pr√©cis, 1917. Many of the tifs essays 2 concepts, archival pictures are about the paper, act of tifs for nurses academic debating, looking. In one picture, a pair of binoculars has been attached to the body of an paper old view camera: the students had invented an early zoom lens. For Nurses Essays Debating. In the archival pictures of figures, the perspective constantly shifts and the camera is often used so as to call attention to itself. For instance, one image shows a young man standing nude, holding up a short towel or sheet, adopting a flirtatious pose. Heís keenly aware of the simply christian, photographerís presence, and so are we. In another image, a student looks intently into his hand-held camera, captured in the act of tifs for nurses academic essays, representing what weóthe vieweródonít see. I was struck by how the young men making these images were themselves using photography as a tool to explore notions of cover for term, representation and identity.
It seemed to me that we were exploring very similar ideas, a century apart. (All Rights Reserved. Text @ Brad Feuerhelm. Images @ Sam Contis.) Connect to the ASX world!
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Thesis on procrastination - Bentley Ö
The Gun: A Violent History of the AK-47. It is perhaps the most potent question to echo from the cold war: Who lost Vietnam? Well, there were certainly many factors, but an important new book forces us to consider this: For the first time in human history, a poorly trained peasant army humbled a great power with the gun its fighters carried in their hands. For Nurses Academic Essays 2 Concepts? This is the cover for term paper, story of that gun, and of the scandalous way that Washington responded to it. An exclusive adaptation. The Marines of Hotel Company's 1st Platoon spread out as they walked through the shin-high grass. In front of them was their next destination: the village of Ap Sieu Quan, a cluster of buildings surrounded by paddies and dikes just south of the demilitarized zone in the Quang Tri province of Vietnam. The village looked deserted and menacing in academic essays 2 concepts the rising late-morning heat. At least three North Vietnamese army battalions had infiltrated the francis bacons, area, an agricultural belt in the coastal lowlands where the for nurses writing academic essays 2 concepts, jungles and mountains drained into the South China Sea. Using? Hotel Company's 2nd Platoon had been hit by tifs for nurses writing debating, an NVA unit in Ap Sieu Quan a short while before. Now the company was converging.
The Marines were exposed as they moved. The only approach passed over open ground. In English Language Comprising Of Essay Pr√©cis & Comprehension? Staff Sergeant Claude Elrod, the platoon commander, was on edge. It was his first mission in the delta since being shot and patched up several weeks before. Ordinarily, a lieutenant would lead a Marine platoon, but in H Company, too many lieutenants had been shot. He walked near the front of the formation, sensing trouble ahead. Hotel Company was one of the bloodied outfits in 2nd Battalion, 3rd Marine Regiment, which in 1967 served as a mobile reaction force for much of tifs debating 2 concepts Vietnam. It was July 21. Early the previous morning, several CH-46 helicopters had landed to the northwest, left the cover sheet for term paper, company behind, and roared back toward their ship off the for nurses writing, coast. The insertion marked the cover paper, opening of Operation Bear Chain, a mission to interdict food and ammunition caches along the road to Hue City, Da Nang, and tifs for nurses writing academic Saigon.
In theory, the battalion resided on amphibious ships as a theater reserve. In practice, its units were constantly ashore, shuttled from fight to fight. This had been the rhythm for months. Mission by mission, firefight by firefight, booby trap by booby trap, the rhythm had exacted its toll. The battalion's ranks had been thinned. The survivors were tired.
Even after absorbing replacements who showed up between operations, the in english language pr√©cis & comprehension, platoons fought at one-half to tifs essays, two-thirds strength, including men, like Elrod, who had been wounded but were judged fit enough to send back out. For the thesis writing, United States military, which had defeated the Japanese army in the 1940s and repelled communist divisions from South Korea a decade later, Vietnam presented a confounding foe. The Vietcong guerrillas and North Vietnamese regulars were marginally educated, lightly equipped, minimally trained. More than half the tifs writing essays, NVA soldiers in late 1966 had six years or less of education, and three quarters of them had less than eighteen months in test in english comprising pr√©cis & comprehension their army. For Nurses Essays Debating 2 Concepts? They were peasants, agrarian villagers indoctrinated in cover sheet Marxist-Leninist ideology and fighting according to academic, tactics articulated by Mao. American intelligence officials marveled that few of them had undergone significant training with live ammunition before being sent out against South Vietnamese and American forces.
Many captured enemy fighters told of thesis writing using firing weapons for the first time only in combat. And yet by 1967 the Vietcong and the NVA were killing nearly eight hundred American servicemen each month. One reason for their success was their weapons. In the mid-1950s, the Kremlin had provided Mao's arms engineers with the technical specifications for its new assault rifle, the AK-47. China had set up assembly lines to make its own version ó the Type 56 ó and by 1964 had distributed huge quantities of these weapons in Southeast Asia. The weapons were in some ways the ultimate compromise firearm: Shorter and essays lighter than traditional rifles but larger than submachine guns, they could be fired either automatically or a single shot at a time. Their smaller, intermediate-power cartridges allowed soldiers and guerrillas to carry more ammunition into battle than before, and reduced the simply christian, costs and burdens of academic debating resupply.
All this and they were an eminently well designed tool ó reliable, durable, resistant to corrosion, and with moderate recoil and a design so simple that their basics could be mastered in a matter of hours. Against? A large fraction of the Vietcong and North Vietnamese army combatants now carried these new assault rifles as their primary weapons. In some units the tifs essays, saturation rate was as high as 75 percent, and many soldiers had been given a basic load of 390 cartridges to writing using, go with their new gun. Vietnam was this new breed of tifs writing 2 concepts rifleman's war: The majority of American combat fatalities, statistics would show, were caused by small-arms fire. This was new. For the first time, local fighters were a technological match against the well-equipped expeditionary forces of an empire. The battlefield had been leveled. Cover For Term? Stalin's rifle, once a hushed secret, had broken out. It was changing the tifs for nurses academic essays 2 concepts, experience of small-unit war. Then came reaction. Since the AK-47, or Kalashnikov, had first surfaced, the bacons, American military had dismissed it as cheap and ineffective.
But as this new weapon's cracking bursts were heard in battle each day, the Eastern bloc's assault rifle at last captured the Pentagon's attention. Academic Debating? It marked the Kremlin's influence on against animal essays, how war was experienced by combatants of limited means ó the essays debating, Kalashnikov-carrying guerrilla, a common man with portable and easy-to-use automatic arms, was now in the field by the tens of thousands, and these men were outgunning American troops. To close the gun gap, the Pentagon rushed the M16 into homeland security service. Staff Sergeant Elrod was crossing the academic 2 concepts, last ditch when a bullet smacked a bamboo branch near his head. He heard Kalashnikov fire as he dropped. Down the Marines of 1st Platoon went ó shouting, returning fire, dashing in the pandemonium of first contact.
There are moments in firefights when combat can become, in an instant, lonely and isolating. Since World War I, after automatic weapons had become prevalent and tactics evolved to account for them, foot soldiers had learned to spread out, scattering the targets they presented. Dispersion reduced risks to units. Test In English Language Comprising & Comprehension? It also served to increase the tifs writing essays 2 concepts, individual's sense of cover disassociation. Tifs For Nurses Essays? One moment the soldier was part of a group. The next, in for term paper sudden battle, he could find himself alone. A man's world compressed to a frantic and tifs writing 2 concepts companionless space, punctuated by the disorienting roars and blasts of incoming and writing using outgoing fire. Private First Class Alfred Nickelson, one of the platoon's Marines, had entered one of these inner zones.
A bullet had passed so close by that it seemed to clap beside his ear. More bullets thumped the soil around him. He pressed himself down, trying to make himself small. For a few seconds, he had the selfish thought of a trapped man in what might be his last moment alive. All these guys out here in tifs writing academic debating 2 concepts the field to shoot, he thought. Why are they trying to shoot only me? Then he collected himself. He knew each man's fate was tied to the platoon, and the platoon survived only if it fought. Against Animal Essays? He would fight.
He lifted his head and saw a Vietnamese soldier in a tree line. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Debating 2 Concepts? He raised his M16, lined up the christian, rifle's sights, and for nurses writing essays debating 2 concepts eased back on the trigger. He had set his M16 selector switch on automatic. Francis Essays? One round blasted out. Then nothing. His M16 had jammed. Oh, fuck , he said. At the edge of the village, Staff Sergeant Elrod estimated that he had met an NVA platoon. The Marines of the for nurses essays, 1940s and 1950s had faced human-wave attacks in Asia. This was something else. Two dozen of this new breed of combatant, armed with assault rifles and using modern tactics, could stop two hundred.
First Platoon's Marines were flat to the ground. Bullets whipped around them. The staff sergeant needed firepower to simply christian, match what was coming in. But something was wrong. For Nurses Essays Debating 2 Concepts? The Marines assigned to protect the M60 machine-gun crew were not firing.
They were crouched, madly working on against, their M16's. He ran to one of them. For Nurses Academic Essays Debating 2 Concepts? The man's rifle was jammed. Christian? The staff sergeant looked at tifs for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts, the others. Their weapons were jammed, too. The United States Marine Corps, built around its riflemen, was in battle with rifles that did not work.
Adrenaline pulsed through the staff sergeant. He was slicked with sweat, furious, confused. First Platoon was stuck. Of the many effects of the international distribution of the Kalashnikov assault rifle, its influence on the American military was among the least understood and most profound. The AK-47's utility for guerrilla war, terror, and crime could have been readily foreseen.
The bad choices it spurred in the Pentagon were not so predictable. Throughout the francis bacons, 1950s, the United States had missed the tifs academic essays 2 concepts, significance of the spread of Eastern-bloc small arms. Jolted alert by the communist assault rifle's large-scale arrival in Vietnam, the test language comprising pr√©cis, Pentagon realized it was outmatched. The Army abruptly selected the M16 for general service in the war. Had the tifs writing academic 2 concepts, early M16 been reliable, this might have been a straightforward and simple development, a story as old as war.
One side gets a new weapon, the other side matches it in kind. In this way, Vietnam became the thesis using, first large conflict in which both sides carried assault rifles ó initially in small numbers but eventually as the predominant firearm. But the American adoption of assault rifles flowed from reaction rather than from tifs 2 concepts foresight or planning, and it was painful and bungled. Today the M16 is a quintessential American arm, the longest-serving standard infantry rifle in GI history, and a weapon familiar to millions of soldiers who have carried it and homeland security contest who have strong feelings about tifs for nurses writing academic debating, it, good or bad. The early M16 and its ammunition formed a combination not ready for bacons essays, war. They were a flawed pair emerging from a flawed development history. Prone to malfunction, they were forced into troops' hands through a clash of wills and tifs for nurses academic debating egos in Robert McNamara's Pentagon. Instead of a thoughtful progression from prototype to general-issue arm, the M16's journey was marked by salesmanship, sham science, cover-ups, chicanery, incompetence, and no small amount of dishonesty by christian, a manufacturer and senior military officers. Its introduction to war was briefly heralded as a triumph of private industry and perceptive management. It swiftly became a monument to the hazards of hubris and the perils of tifs for nurses writing academic essays rushing, a study in francis essays military management gone awry.
An account of the M16's ascension from tifs academic essays debating 2 concepts jet-age curio to standard American firearm could start in francis bacons essays many places, but the for nurses writing, velocity began with the inauguration of President John F. Simply Christian Thesis? Kennedy in tifs academic 1961. Kennedy brought with him McNamara as secretary of defense. Homeland Security Essay Contest? McNamara was a graduate of for nurses academic essays 2 concepts Harvard Business School, a former executive at Ford, and a believer in thesis an approach to decision making called systems analysis, which centered on 2 concepts, intensive study of problems and options, with examinations of costs, benefits, and risks of potential decisions. McNamara and his followers saw themselves as a rarefied pool of talent, and francis bacons they merged aggressive management style with a Kennedy mandate to look past nuclear war and develop the doctrine, organization, and for nurses academic 2 concepts equipment for flexible responses to conflicts overseas. This meant limited war, which further meant countering the Eastern bloc in proxy fights. Several of McNamara's officials turned their attention to the question of the essays, rifle. The rifle conundrum was significant. America's military machine had entered the nuclear age with an array of fearsome killing tools. For Nurses Writing Debating? The Air Force had supersonic jets and intercontinental missiles; the Army was fielding new battle tanks to enhance divisions that had settled into Europe; the Navy had launched a nuclear aircraft carrier.
Yet when it came to the most basic tool of empire and of war ó the infantry rifle ó the Pentagon had sputtered and stalled. The government had spent more than a decade bringing forward the M14, a big weapon made according to the almost religiously held rifle traditions of the time. The M14 was a heavyweight and hewed closely to bacons, the legends of American frontier marksmen with eagle eyes and far-shooting, powerful rifles. Writing Essays Debating? Its automatic-fire version weighed more than twelve pounds, stretched almost four feet long, and homeland security essay had both tremendous recoil and tifs writing academic debating 2 concepts heavy ammunition, which meant soldiers could carry a limited amount of rounds. The Army spent huge sums on its development, only to discover that soldiers equipped with M14's were outmaneuvered and outshot by opponents with AK-47's, which were almost perfectly suited to the short-range fighting in the vegetation of simply christian thesis Vietnam. America's ordnance officials had lost the arms race of their lives. Tifs For Nurses Writing? Just when troops needed a smaller automatic rifle, their government had nothing for them.
The alternative rifle that caught McNamara's eye, at first known as the christian, AR-15 , had sprung from ArmaLite, a private southern California concern. ArmaLite was an infant and an upstart, a company that began as a workshop in the Hollywood garage of George Sullivan, the patent counsel for Lockheed Aircraft Corporation. Sullivan was an engineer fascinated with the possibilities of applying new materials to change the way rifles looked and felt. In 1953, he met Paul Cleaveland, secretary of the Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation, at writing academic essays, an industry luncheon. The pair talked about lightweight firearms and new ways to manufacture them. Essay Contest? Cleaveland mentioned the conversation to Richard Boutelle, Fairchild's president, who was a gun buff, too. Boutelle and Sullivan agreed to collaborate, and ArmaLite was founded in 1954 as a tiny Fairchild division.
It hired a former Marine, Eugene Stoner, as a designer. One of the early creations was the academic debating, AR-15, made at the informal request of an homeland security contest Army general who wanted a prototype rifle that would fire a small, high-speed round. The AR-15 looked like nothing else in military service. It had an aluminum receiver, plastic furniture, and an odd-looking carrying handle. It was thirty-nine inches long.
It weighed, when unloaded, roughly 6.5 pounds, about half the weight of an automatic M14. Its appearance ó small, dark, lean, and synthetically futuristic ó stirred emotions. To its champions, the AR-15 was an tifs for nurses academic essays debating embodiment of fresh thinking. Critics saw an ugly toy. Simply Thesis? Wherever one stood, no one denied the ballistics were intriguing. Stoner had designed a narrow but powerful new cartridge, the .223, for his weapon. The cartridge's propellant and the AR-15's twenty-inch barrel worked together to move a tiny bullet along at ultrafast speeds ó in excess of thirty-two hundred feet per second, almost three times the speed of sound.
Here was a rifle with conceptual promise, albeit on practical merits it was untested and its sponsors at Fairchild were struggling financially. In January 1959, with few customers in sight and the Pentagon committed to big rifles made according to old ideas, Fairchild transferred the AR-15's manufacturing rights to Colt's Firearms for $325,000 and a royalty-sharing guarantee. In summer 1960, Colt's took the AR-15 on the road, including to police departments around the United States, where its sales team fired into a variety of objects (automobiles and water cans were favorites) and for nurses academic 2 concepts engaged in giddy declarations of the essay, rifle's powers. While automobiles were being pierced, punctured, and shredded, another salesman arranged for General Curtis LeMay, then the Air Force's vice chief of staff, to be invited to Boutelle's birthday party at Boutelle's gentleman's farm in tifs writing academic essays Maryland. LeMay, like Boutelle, was a gun buff.
The invitation was crafted to writing, appeal. A sample AR-15, the new miracle gun, would be on hand for the general to fire. The party was held over the Fourth of July. The hosts set up three watermelons and invited the general to try his hand. For Nurses Writing Essays 2 Concepts? What followed was one of the odder moments in francis bacons essays arms-procurement history. Watermelons were bright and fleshy in ways water cans were not, and when struck by the little rifle's ultrafast bullets, the first two fruits exploded in vivid red splashes. LeMay was so impressed that he spared the last melon; the party decided to eat it. Tifs For Nurses Academic Debating? No doubt this was great fun. Test Of Essay & Comprehension? It was also nonsense.
But salesmanship was salesmanship. Colt's salesman understood that the Air Force wanted its own automatic rifle for tifs writing essays debating, defending strategic-missile sites. He also knew that LeMay was unimpressed with the M14. Colt's, for the price of writing using fresh fruit and cold cocktails, had a convert. In 1961, LeMay became Air Force chief of staff, and in 1962, the Air Force entered a contract with Colt's for eighty-five hundred rifles. This was a small order. But just like that, the AR-15 entered the American military arms system via a side door. The rifle's first acceptance occurred as Washington was stepping up its involvement in Vietnam. McNamara, who had been watching Southeast Asia with alarm, was already enthused about the weapon and had authorized its use in secret combat trials with Vietnamese soldiers. For the secretary, the AR-15 provided a means to both match the Kalashnikov and to show up the Pentagon establishment and the ordnance community, whom he did not trust. Colt's new rifle had momentum.
It is worth a pause to tifs academic essays, consider the significance of the step not taken. After McNamara's team endorsed the assault-rifle concept, the language & comprehension, United States military could have decided what it wanted an assault rifle to be and to do. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Essays Debating? This would have been a matter of proposing specifications for caliber, muzzle velocity, weight, accuracy, and any number of other characteristics. Simply Christian? These specifications could then have been provided to government designers and private industry ó to Ruger, to Colt's, to Remington, to Winchester, to Browning, to Cadillac Gage, and others ó with a deadline for design submissions. In doing so, the intellectual capital of the private sector would have been invited to compete.
And when the writing essays debating, deadline came, the Pentagon would have had multiple designs from which to select. Instead, the United States had a hyped rifle rising through the bureaucracy with little testing or vigorous competition. Its selection process looked less like deliberation than lunging. And as McNamara and General William Westmoreland pushed and pulled the rifle along, the writing, signs from tests and field reports of its emerging weaknesses were suppressed. Colt's assault rifle, the internal reports said, was vulnerable to corrosion and given to malfunctions. No matter. Tifs For Nurses Writing Essays Debating 2 Concepts? The most senior military officials knew American troops were being outshot. Francis Bacons? They ordered the M16 ó as the tifs, military's version of the AR-15 was named ó first in a batch of 104,000, and then as the standard firearm for the war. Bacons Essays? The rollout began. By February 1967, Hotel Company had been given its share of essays debating 2 concepts M16's during a refit on Okinawa and turned in its M14's.
The troops grasped the advantages of a lightweight automatic rifle with little recoil. They knew they could now carry more rounds into contest each firefight. They were satisfied with how the rifles, fresh from crates, handled on essays debating 2 concepts, ranges. There was concern about francis bacons essays, a shortage of cleaning gear, but otherwise everything seemed in order. Writing Essays? A few weeks later, Hotel Company returned to Vietnam. On a sweep of the countryside on writing using, April 26, a few M16's jammed.
But the tifs writing 2 concepts, fighting was not intensive. Francis? The problem was attributed to unfamiliarity with the rifle, perhaps combined with inadequate cleaning, though the tifs writing essays, Marines who were cleaning the weapons thought this was not so. Then came the shock. Contest? In late April, the battalion was preparing for writing academic 2 concepts, combat against dug-in NVA units on Hills 861 and sheet 881 near Khe Sanh. On April 30, the company moved out on foot again, jumping into an attack at first light with 2nd and 3rd Platoons abreast of each other. In 3rd Platoon, as Lieutenant Thomas Givvin, the commander, moved uphill, he found at least five M16's with cleaning rods forced down their barrels resting on the ground. Tifs Writing Academic Essays Debating? These were the discards of Marines who had fought on the hill several days before. Hotel Company walked through tall elephant grass and was attacked. The ambush turned swiftly into a brutal close-quarters fight. Rifle by homeland security contest, rifle, several of the Marines' new M16's jammed. The malfunctions had consistency; the tifs writing essays debating, most common was the failure of the francis bacons, rifle to extract a spent shell casing after a bullet was fired.
To resume fighting, the troops needed to thread together a rifle-cleaning rod, plunge the tifs writing, rod down the barrel, and cover for term paper knock the spent case free, a movement akin to what soldiers did in the Revolutionary War. After conferring by radio with the tifs writing academic debating 2 concepts, battalion commander, the company commander, Captain Raymond Madonna, ordered the Marines to test language comprising of essay, fall back so he could call in air strikes and writing academic debating artillery fire. The company suffered eight dead Marines and one dead corpsman that day. Forty-three others were wounded. On May 3, the remnants of Hotel Company and test in english comprising & comprehension part of Foxtrot Company were ordered to for nurses debating, help Echo Company, which had been pinned down in front of a bunker network. Foxtrot would approach from the southeast. Hotel would attack from the north; its plan was to strike the simply christian, enemy's rear.
The Marines began a flanking movement down a ravine and through triple-canopy jungle; they moved for as long as nine hours. The company had only one platoon ó 1st ó still at fighting strength. Academic Essays? As the sweat-soaked Marines at last moved near the bunkers and were preparing to rush, the captain gave an test in english of essay & comprehension order over for nurses writing essays 2 concepts the radio to his platoon commander, Lieutenant Ord Elliott: Fix bayonets. He was effectively telling men to prepare to homeland contest, fight to the death, hand to tifs for nurses academic essays debating, hand. The order was superfluous. Cover Paper? Elliott had already told the men to ready their knives. With bayonets affixed, the officers thought, the Marines whose M16's failed might slash or stab their way through the fight. It was the age of the B-52 Stratofortress and the submarine-launched Polaris ballistic missile. A Marine Corps platoon and company commander were preparing their men for tifs academic essays debating, an attack in which they would wield their rifles like lances, swords, and spears.
The Hill Fights were among the bloodiest battles yet in the war. In English Language Comprising? More than 150 Marines were killed. Several hundred more were wounded. Days later, as the battle wound down, M16 jamming had been widespread enough that sadly surreal scenes unfolded at one helicopter landing zone, where wounded Marines waited to be evacuated. Healthy men wandered among the casualties, asking their bloodied colleagues if their rifles had worked. When they found a wounded Marine whose rifle had performed well, they exchanged a faulty M16 for the M16 that had reliably fired. Initial acceptance of the M16's had turned to disgust. One survivor vented to writing 2 concepts, the Asbury Park Evening Press : Believe it or not, you know what killed most of us? he wrote. Our own rifle. If the grim news and angry accounts from battle arrived as a surprise for the public, there was little about them that was surprising for those who manufactured and fielded the rifle.
The M16's jamming was related to several factors ó including changes to the ammunition's powder, poor corrosion resistance, an absence of chromium in the chambers, and others ó that had previously been identified, either in test in english & comprehension the military's stateside testing or from examinations of rifles used in Vietnam. Colt's had sent engineering teams to Vietnam since at least 1966, whenRobert D. Fremont, a company engineer, reported in writing to his bosses that major problems with corrosion were turning up in the war. He recommended the possible use of stainless steel for 2 concepts, barrels or chrome plating the chambers and bores of the AR-15 weapons in bacons order to combat corrosion and neglect. His summary was chilling. Colt's weapons, he wrote, are sadly lacking in corrosion resistance. Three weeks later, David Behrendt, a Colt's engineer assigned to Vietnam, mailed audiotapes back to his supervisors. Many M16's were jamming, he said. Almost all were corroded. Working alongside soldiers, Behrendt restored most rifles to tifs academic essays 2 concepts, working order.
But it was not a good sign that a corporate engineer with a bag of parts was required to keep a new rifle in abuse service. Combat equipment was supposed to be hardier than that. Behrendt noted, too, that the tifs for nurses academic, new powder was making the against abuse essays, M16 run fast. Engineers had been working on a replacement part ó a buffer inside the tifs for nurses 2 concepts, return spring ó that would slow the thesis, weapons down. But none were yet in Vietnam. Speaking into a tape recorder halfway around the world, he urged action. You better get that new buffer over here right pronto to stop some of for nurses writing essays debating 2 concepts this malfunction.
Colt's data accumulated. Another rep in Vietnam, J. B. Writing? Hall, summed matters up. For Nurses? Hall had met veterans of Operation Attleboro, one of the largest battles to date. The operation had been a startling experience. Marines faced heavy Vietcong automatic-rifle fire, and their M16's jammed. Against? There is no question that soldiers in Vietnam are losing confidence in the M16 rifle, Hall wrote. It is imperative that we take all steps possible to correct the situation. Hall's report was the most urgent.
It included a list: Plate the bore and chamber with chromium, install heavier buffers, correct the for nurses writing essays, corrosion problems on receivers and barrels, and find a way to comprising of essay & comprehension, cover the magazines when not being fired. For Nurses Writing Debating 2 Concepts? He offered a recommendation: a crash program to provide a better weapon. A little more than two weeks later, the latest news of the M16's poor performance reached the top of the Army. Colonel Harold Yount visited the Pentagon to brief Colonel Richard Hallock. Hallock's interest in the M16 was zealous and personal. Simply Christian Thesis? He had been an early supporter of the rifle, and more than four years before he had been a supervisor of tifs for nurses writing academic essays Project AGILE ó a secret combat test with Vietnamese soldiers wielding AR-15's that had given the new weapon much of its early internal military hype. The meeting marked a potentially agonizing moment. The weapon he had advocated was failing, and as near as he could tell, the failures were getting American soldiers killed. What to do? Hallock filed a classified memo detailing the meeting. It left no doubt that the Army had long understood the bacons, scope and nature of the M16's problems, had done little to academic, resolve them, and test in english comprising still was moving slowly to academic debating, help soldiers in Vietnam.
I asked if he had a plan to retrofit the thesis writing, weapons in the field with this buffer and he said he did not. First production of the new buffer, he said, would be in January and 2 concepts they would go on new weapons. Cover Paper? He said that if the buffers were sent to the field for the old weapons they would not be available to go on the new weapons that also are going to the field. I asked if he had plans to writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, get a special priority to increase the production rate and speed up availability of the buffer and he apparently did not. Against Animal Essays? I also asked about writing, clearing up the fouling caused by bacons essays, ball powder.
He did not say that anything definitive had been done to correct the problem. I asked him if there were any reports yet from Vietnam indicating the tifs for nurses writing academic essays debating, occurrence, in fact, of the simply, excessive malfunctions that one would expect. . He said there were some, but didn't elaborate. Colonel Yount's inaction was not how military officers were expected to carry out their duties. Colonel Hallock wanted the problems remedied. But he was equally interested in restricting who knew of them. There was a scandal to contain, even if it meant limiting the writing essays, number of technicians working to fix the malfunctions. Colonel Hallock impressed upon in english pr√©cis his peer the need to tifs for nurses writing academic essays 2 concepts, keep quiet. After returning to his office, Colonel Yount made a change. For Term Paper? As of tifs for nurses essays debating November 29, his weekly significant action report as head of the office managing the M16 carried a new line: The report must not be reproduced, filed or referenced in any official correspondence.
Only he and two other people were allowed to keep file copies of his reports. Contest? All other copies, he wrote, will be destroyed within 10 days of receipt. At a time when the M16 program desperately needed candor, attention, and more resources, and when commanders and troops in the field should have been informed of the problems emerging in tifs writing academic essays debating Vietnam, another cover-up had begun. The betrayal reached beyond those safe in the Pentagon and on bases stateside. A din of test in english language comprising pr√©cis complaints about M16 jamming was rising from the writing debating 2 concepts, ranks.
But the replies of animal essays generals in Vietnam mixed paternalistic denials that the M16 was failing with strong defenses of the weapon's merits. For Nurses Essays 2 Concepts? Marine officers followed the Army's pattern: They blamed the troops for the weapon's problems. At a press conference in Da Nang just after the battles for Hills 861 and 881, one commander, Lieutenant General Lewis W. Walt of the sheet for term paper, 3rd Marine Amphibious Force, delivered a classic performance of an for nurses debating officer who has lost touch with his men. Essays? First he declared that the for nurses academic essays, Marines in his command were 100 percent sold on contest, the M16. For Nurses Writing Academic Debating 2 Concepts? Most of those who had relied on the weapon in battle, he added, have nothing but praise for it. This can only be read as a lie. General Walt pressed on. He put blame for malfunctions squarely upon individual Marines and their NCOs and officers, saying they had either not adequately maintained their rifles or had tried to force too many rounds into their magazines.
This was a slap at men at war. In a resonant slip of the tongue, General Walt added that rumors of unsatisfactory M16 performance were started by in english language of essay, a very, very small majority. Not long after the press conference, General Walt was reassigned to Washington. In July, the academic debating 2 concepts, month of Operation Bear Chain, the commandant of the Marine Corps, General Wallace Greene, repeated General Walt's position, calling the M16 ideally suited for Vietnam. The brass had set a tone. With the generals standing behind the M16, complaints had little chance of finding a supporting audience. The Marines in Vietnam were on their own. By early 1967, the sense that something was terribly wrong had reached Washington. Angry troops were sending home letters.
Journalists were hearing complaints. Reports of the test comprising of essay, AK-47's reliability were also providing an obvious contrast. For Nurses Writing Academic Debating 2 Concepts? The Washington Daily News posed the question. In the past two years, with amazing competence and thoroness [sic], the communists have replaced their earlier inferior weapons with the francis, rapid firing AK-47 automatic assault rifle of Soviet design and Red Chinese manufacture. . The AK-47 . is as good as the new M-16 rifle U. S. troops use. Tifs For Nurses Academic Essays Debating 2 Concepts? It is less liable to jam and simply thesis therefore, in the opinion of some experts, may even be better. Academic? . Why is against it that North Vietnam, with aid from its Chinese ally, could foresee the academic 2 concepts, need and meet it, despite all sorts of obstacles? Why is it that the U. Thesis Using? S., with its $25 billion to $30 billion yearly war budget, superlative defense plants, and reputed logistic superiority, could not keep pace? By spring 1967, the problems had become so widely known that Congress took an interest. On May 3, 1967, Representative L. Mendel Rivers, chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, appointed Representative Richard H. Ichord as head of a special subcommittee to for nurses writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, examine the thesis, development, production, distribution and sale of M-16 rifles. Ichord steered wide of the question of which weapon was better ó the tifs academic debating, M14 or the M16. Christian Thesis? If the military wanted the M16, so be it.
He wanted to know why the M16 was malfunctioning at an unacceptably high rate. One rifle-failure incident after another eroded public confidence. Senator Peter H. Dominick of Colorado visited Vietnam that May. He inquired about the M16. Academic? He was told it was a good weapon. Someone produced an M16 and for term paper handed it to the senator, who tried to fire it. It jammed. In June, members of Ichord's panel held their own test with an M16 provided by Colt's. If any one M16 might have been expected to perform flawlessly, this should have been it: the test rifle a manufacturer facing congressional investigation presented as a sample to Congress. The subcommittee's rifle jammed several times. No one needed to be told what this might mean in combat.
But another GI crystallized for 2 concepts, the congressmen a particular species of nightmare: The other night we got a radio message from one of our night ambushes. . The last words they said were, out of hand grenades, all weapons jammed. The next morning when they got to them, their hands were all skinned up and cut and their stocks on their rifles were all broken from using them as clubs. Out in the field beside Ap Sieu Quan, Private First Class Nickelson worked on his jammed rifle. Simply? He had given away his position by academic, firing. Bullets raked the grass nearby. Language Comprising Of Essay Pr√©cis & Comprehension? He reached for a grenade, pulled the pin, and threw it as far as he could toward the trees; he hoped its blast would divert the attention of the enemy soldiers. Tifs Academic Essays Debating? After the explosion, he removed his rifle's magazine and pulled back on the charging handle to look inside the chamber.
The empty cartridge was stuck there. He cursed again and reached for his cleaning rod. Around him was chaos. Nickelson pushed the rod down the muzzle and knocked the empty cartridge case clear. He returned the magazine to its place and in english comprising pr√©cis & comprehension chambered a second round. Again he looked up and spotted the academic essays debating, North Vietnamese soldier in in english of essay pr√©cis the tree line. The man was on his stomach, prone and firing out. Nickelson aimed his M16 and eased back on the trigger again. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Essays Debating? Firing on automatic, he hoped to hit the simply, man multiple times. The first bullet hit the soldier in for nurses writing academic the left leg.
He watched him roll out of sight into the bushes. Simply Christian? But Nickelson could not finish him. His rifle had jammed again. Just as it had on Hill 881, Hotel Company fell back. Aircraft and tifs for nurses writing essays artillery hit the village. The company moved forward later, after the against, NVA had slipped away. Hotel Company had suffered miserably once more.
Five Marines were dead, thirty were wounded. Nickelson had survived. He rose to his feet but left his jammed rifle in the dirt. He had shipped to tifs academic essays 2 concepts, Vietnam a month before. Until that day, he had never handled this kind of contest rifle. In the United States, he had trained on an M14. In his one previous firefight, his M16 had jammed, too ó after firing a single round. Tifs Essays Debating 2 Concepts? Nickelson was new to security essay contest, war, but he was no fool. A rifle that failed in battle was worse than useless.
It was detestable. As far as he was concerned, it was a discard. Upon arriving in-country, Nickelson had bought a .38 revolver from a soldier who was rotating home ó part of an underground market for troops arming themselves with personal weapons as insurance against the failures of their issued guns. Now an officer ordered him to pick up his M16. Tifs Academic Essays 2 Concepts? Fuck you, Nickelson said. He would never carry an animal essays M16 again. Back on board the USS Tripoli after Hotel Company left Ap Sieu Quan, the company's executive officer, Lieutenant Michael Chervenak, seethed.
Chervenak was a man who followed his own compass. A former high school quarterback, he had graduated from Penn State and been accepted at naval flight school, which was a plum. He wanted to fly jets. When he was selected for helicopter training, he did something pilots in writing academic debating good standing at the school rarely do. He quit, and asked for orders to the infantry in Vietnam. He was new to Hotel Company and had replaced an officer who was shot through the head on Hill 881. When he arrived, he heard of the M16's problems but reserved judgment until he had been in combat with the rifles himself. After Ap Sieu Quan, he was in a state of quiet rage.
He cleaned up and test comprising of essay pr√©cis visited the stateroom where Captain Richard Culver, his company commander, was bunking. The officers discussed the M16's malfunctions. The lieutenant wanted advice. What would Captain Culver think if he wrote an for nurses writing essays debating 2 concepts open letter detailing the company's experiences? The Marine Corps was not helping its Marines. The truth about the M16 needed to be told, somehow, if the problem was to be fixed. Captain Culver, a former enlisted man, was the son of a Marine. His father enlisted in 1918 at homeland essay contest, age fifteen. Raised on bases, commanding a company at war, he was more than reluctant to speak outside the chain of command. But he knew this young officer was right.
Writing a letter, he told him, was a good idea. Lieutenant Chervenak found a typewriter in the chaplain's stateroom, and he and the captain composed a draft. When they finished, he climbed belowdecks to the enlisted quarters and asked Staff Sergeant Elrod to read it. I am a Marine First Lieutenant and have been serving in academic essays a rifle company in Vietnam since the 15th of simply christian May. Ever since my arrival, immediately following the battle of hill 881, one controversy has loomed above all others ó that of the M16 rifle. I feel that it is my duty and responsibility to report the truth about this rifle as I have seen it. My conscience will not let me rest. We are constantly told that improper cleaning and unfamiliarity with the weapon cause any malfunction which may occur.
Any rifle that requires cleaning to the degree they speak of has no place as a combat weapon. I believe that the cold, hard facts about the M_16 are clouded over by a fabrication of the truth for political and tifs writing academic essays debating 2 concepts financial considerations. I have seen too many marines hiding behind a paddy dike trying to clear their rifle to accept those explanations any longer. Our battalion has test fired these rifles on numerous occasions, aboard the ship and in the field, to try to find a solution to this problem. All rifles were cleaned and inspected prior to these tests. Having supervised several of these tests, I will swear to the fact that at least 25 to 40% of the rifles malfunctioned at least once under these optimum conditions. During a recent fight on the 21st of July, no fewer than 40 men in my company reported to me that their rifles had malfunctioned because of failure to extract. Because of these inoperative rifles we were severely hampered in our efforts to extract a platoon which had been pinned down.
Lack of sufficient firepower also caused us great difficulty in getting our casualties out. Sheet? Having 40 rifles malfunction in tifs for nurses essays any rifle company is a serious matter, and in an understrengthened company such as ours, the gravity of the situation is greatly increased. I do not mean for simply thesis, this letter to slap at my battalion, the Marine Corps, the tifs for nurses academic debating, Colt Manufacturing Company, the Defense Department or anyone else concerned. Against Animal Essays? It is written out of for nurses academic 2 concepts concern for the safety of the men in my company and of the great morale problem that the M16 causes. I will stand and stake my reputation on the fact that we have had men wounded and perhaps killed because of inoperative rifles. The search for the truth is paramount in all of us and simply christian thesis I ask you to look into this problem and search for the truth there . this problem has been overlooked too long and too many attempts have been made to gloss over a situation that endangers the lives of men. Staff Sergeant Elrod finished the letter. He had served ten years, had seen lieutenants come and go, and had a strong sense of how the officer ranks worked. Loyalty, by his read, meant working hard and shutting up. He liked the letter very much.
Hey, sir? he said. You're not planning to make the Marine Corps a career, are you? On July 27, Lieutenant Chervenak mailed four copies of the letter. He sent one to The Barnesboro Star , his hometown newspaper in for nurses writing essays 2 concepts Pennsylvania. He mailed another to The Washington Post . The last two went to Senator Robert F. Kennedy and writing Representative Ichord. On each he signed his name officially. In all the available records surrounding the bloody introduction of the M16, this stands as one of the few brave and candidly honest acts. It fell to a twenty-three-year-old lieutenant, his unit repeatedly thinned by casualties, to stake his name on the truth.
Back in Washington, Representative Ichord's subcommittee ground toward conclusion. The Army had stonewalled the investigation, but the congressmen understood viscerally that the M16's performance in Vietnam was much worse than acknowledged. On October 19 the subcommittee published a scalding report. It declared the M16's malfunctions serious and excessive and labeled the Army and Marine Corps negligent. On October 29, The Washington Post published Lieutenant Chervenak's letter. His words had an instant effect. Writing Academic Essays Debating 2 Concepts? The corps opened an investigation ó not into the causes of the rifle's failures or the slow reaction by the chain of command to troops' complaints but into the officer who dared to write to comprising of essay & comprehension, the Post . On December 3, a pair of representatives from Colt's and the Marine Corps caught up with the battalion at a base outside Da Nang. For Nurses Writing Debating? They had been ordered to follow up on the lieutenant's allegations. Test In English Pr√©cis? Marines gathered in the theater for a presentation, at which a Marine warrant officer opened with the familiar lines. He told his audience that the M16 was a good rifle, and if it was failing, it was because they were not cleaning it adequately. The Marines shouted and jeered.
The battalion commander demanded quiet. The representative from Colt's, Kanemitsu Ito, was shaken by their fury. The warrant officer and Ito held a technical inspection, and Marines filed by to show them their rifles. Ito was a decorated Koreanwar veteran himself, and a former test officer in the Army. He was small, lean, and muscular, a fastidious forty-seven-year-old man with a record of bravery who had roamed Vietnam trying to understand why Colt's rifles had performed so badly since at least 1966. He was conscientious to writing debating, an almost excruciating degree. As the Marines filed past to show him rifles that had failed them, he worried that the troops might label him a profiteer. After all, he thought, every rifle to test of essay & comprehension, be replaced might be seen as another sale for Colt's.
He decided to let the warrant officer do the talking. Quietly, he watched. That night, emotionally and physically exhausted, Ito typed a letter and sent it back to Colt's. He had news. What Lieutenant Chervenak had written to the Post was not quite right. Matters were actually much worse ó Ito and the warrant officer had condemned sixty-seven of the company's eightyfive M16's.
I walked into a den of angry, feroucious [sic] lions when I visited the 2nd Battalion of the 3rd Marines. Writing Academic? It was really a touchy situation. I would never ask anyone else to be in the situation I was in. The officers and a great majority of the men hated the animal abuse, M_16A1 rifles. They had a right to hate it. Ito had been telling his bosses at Colt's in clear terms for more than a year that the M16 had real problems, and now he knew that these problems were worse than what the for nurses, military or Colt's had ever publicly said. On December 28, Ito and Paul Benke, Colt's president, met at the Pentagon with officers involved in the M16 program. Ito's presentation was direct: The new buffers were reaching many units, but severe problems persisted. About 70 percent of the test language of essay, rifles in the Marines' possession, he said, should be condemned due to pitted chambers. Benke, the man who ran Colt's Firearms, would get the last word.
The reports of problems, he said, even when supported by his own engineer fresh from tifs essays debating Vietnam, were hearsay. Several months after the fight for bacons, Ap Sieu Quan, Staff Sergeant Elrod became the battalion's intelligence chief, and tifs for nurses essays debating 2 concepts was meritoriously promoted. One day in spring 1968, after a skirmish in a gully near Khe Sanh, Gunnery Sergeant Elrod found an homeland security AK-47 beside a dead North Vietnamese soldier. He claimed it as his own. This was not a trophy. It was a tool. Now he had a rifle he could depend on. Academic 2 Concepts? The AK-47 did not solve all his problems. It solved one problem but replaced it with another. There was a special danger related to in english comprising, carrying the enemy's weapon: The M16 and the AK-47 have distinctly different sounds.
Whenever Elrod fired his new weapon, he risked drawing fire from other Marines. He considered this less of a risk than carrying a rifle that might not fire at for nurses academic essays debating, all. A few weeks later, Gunnery Sergeant Elrod was walking across a forward operating base near Khe Sanh with his AK-47 slung across his back. A lieutenant colonel stopped him. Gunny, why the hell are you carrying that? he asked. Because it works, Elrod replied. Claude Elrod, Alfred Nickelson, Tom Givvin, Raymond Madonna, Ord Elliott, Richard Culver, and Michael Chervenak all survived Vietnam. Simply? Elrod, Madonna, and Culver went on to serve full careers. Chervenak, who spoke out publicly against for nurses academic essays 2 concepts the M16, was reprimanded in writing and his promotion to the rank of captain was delayed a year, which effectively docked his pay. (Promotion to captain is an achievement usually so simple that the test, many Marines say, is to serve the simply christian, requisite time and be able to fog a mirror.) He left the Marine Corps, attended law school, and had a successful career in private practice. Colt's Firearms no longer exists. Paul Benke, the president of Colt's during the bungled rollout of the M16, continues to tifs academic 2 concepts, defend the simply thesis, rifle and for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts Colt's behavior, saying he and the company only wanted to provide the best weapons possible to troops at animal essays, war.
The M16 and its ammunition were changed and modified repeatedly in the months and years after the uproar of 1967. The current firm, Colt Defense LLC, provides rifles to debating, the American military and to many government organizations around the world. Thesis Writing Using? Its president, a retired Marine general, William Keys, was, as a younger man, among those Marines who suffered from faulty rifles in Vietnam. The line's current versions, the M16 and the M4 carbine, are incomparably more dependable than the M16 of the mid-1960s, though they remain controversial arms, and critics, citing various perceived shortfalls (often reliability and stopping power) continue to call for a replacement. Many of the tifs for nurses, complaints have been over in english language comprising of essay & comprehension the standard ammunition that the American military's M16's and M4's fire, which troops have reported passes too easily through lightly clad Afghan and Iraqi men and often fails to deliver incapacitating wounds. The AK-47 and academic essays 2 concepts Type 56 rifles, two variants of the Kalashnikov that were common in the early years of the Vietnam War, have largely been phased out and simply christian thesis replaced by an extended family of descendants that were made in the Soviet Union, China, North Korea, the former Warsaw Pact nations, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, and other countries.
Some of the original rifles are still in for nurses essays debating use and christian can readily be found in Afghanistan. Tifs Writing Essays Debating 2 Concepts? Together the entire Kalashnikov line ó routinely and erroneously called AK-47's ó are the most abundant firearm on earth, and the predominant weapon of war today.
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Angelina Jolie Pitt Adds Professor to Her Resume! Angelina Jolie Pitt continues to impress with her range of pursuits and now she is adding the role of professor to her resume! The 40-year-old actress and activist will become a visiting professor at the London School of for nurses 2 concepts, Economics for the 2016-2017 school year. Angelina will be teaching a master course on women, peace, and security, according to People . Security Contest? #8220;I am very encouraged by debating, the creation of this master#8217;s programme. I hope other academic institutions will follow this example, as it is vital that we broaden the discussion on how to advance women#8217;s rights and end impunity for crimes that disproportionately affect women, such as sexual violence in conflict,#8221; Angelina said in a statement. #8220;I am looking forward to teaching and to francis, learning from the students as well as to sharing my own experiences of tifs for nurses writing academic 2 concepts, working alongside governments and simply christian, the United Nations.#8221; Tom Petty is remembered by his music Warner Bros. Records - TMZ Shawn Mendes is trying to academic essays, find inspiration for his next album - Just Jared Jr Miranda Lambert is engaged! - TooFab The Good Doctor gets picked up for a full season by ABC - The Hollywood Reporter Vanessa Hudgens reveals when she'll release new music - Just Jared Jr.
So proud of her.. Amazing.. she is branching out in so many areas. I#8217;m sure there will be lots of people signed up for it. Security Contest? Thank god there is a woman like Angie and the other tireless, brave, nameless and essays 2 concepts, faceless advocates who are out there in the trenches trying to protect women and children from the ravages of against abuse, being cursed with less social, political, economic and physical power. JJ heared your appeal for for nurses writing debating 2 concepts a new thread. JJ heared your appeal for a new thread. I think he has alerts from Peeps#8230;#8230;#8230;seems that is where he picks up most threads. I think he has alerts from christian thesis, Peeps#8230;#8230;#8230;seems that is where he picks up most threads. Yeah, new Angie thread. Angie the real Wonder Woman.
Yeah, new Angie thread. Angie the real Wonder Woman. Angelina is doing some impressive things. I#8217;m exhausted just reading about everything she does, my hat#8217;s off to her. OH YEAH.. everything is working great for me.. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Essays Debating 2 Concepts? Here here Dawne. Angie continues to reap her illustrious KARMA for being such a giving Soul.
This is interesting Georgetown University is considering to do this subject in stateside. Professor Jolie Pitt: Angelina Joins London School of Economics as Visiting Professor for New Women#8217;s Study Program. BY JODI GUGLIELMI. Francis Essays? Angelina Jolie Pitt is taking her passion for women#8217;s rights and gender equality to the classroom. The actress, 40, is set to join the London School of Economics as a visiting professor for the new masters course on women, peace and security for the 2016-2017 school year.
As a visiting professor, Jolie Pitt will deliver guest lectures, participate in workshop and public events, and continue research on projects. #8220;I am very encouraged by the creation of this master#8217;s programme. I hope other academic institutions will follow this example, as it is writing academic essays debating 2 concepts vital that we broaden the discussion on how to advance women#8217;s rights and end impunity for crimes that disproportionately affect women, such as sexual violence in conflict,#8221; Jolie Pitt said in a statement. #8220;I am looking forward to teaching and to learning from the students as well as to sharing my own experiences of working alongside governments and the United Nations.#8221; The course, which is the first of writing using, its kind internationally, was launched last year by Jolie Pitt and tifs for nurses academic debating 2 concepts, Britain#8217;s former foreign secretary, William Hauge Ė who will also serve as a visiting professor. The Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security Ambassador Melanne Verveer said they, too, are looking forward to bringing the program to the stateside campus. #8220;I was pleased to abuse, meet with Angelina Jolie during my recent trip to tifs academic essays 2 concepts, London on ways we at Georgetown University can continue the collaboration between our sister programs on both sides of the Atlantic,#8221; said Verveer. #8220;We look forward to welcoming Angelina and former foreign secretary Hague to Georgetown in contest the future.#8221; This is interesting Georgetown University is considering to do this subject in for nurses writing academic stateside. Professor Jolie Pitt: Angelina Joins London School of Economics as Visiting Professor for New Women#8217;s Study Program. BY JODI GUGLIELMI. Angelina Jolie Pitt is taking her passion for women#8217;s rights and against abuse, gender equality to tifs for nurses academic 2 concepts, the classroom. The actress, 40, is set to join the London School of Economics as a visiting professor for the new masters course on women, peace and security for the 2016-2017 school year.
As a visiting professor, Jolie Pitt will deliver guest lectures, participate in workshop and public events, and continue research on projects. #8220;I am very encouraged by the creation of this master#8217;s programme. Cover? I hope other academic institutions will follow this example, as it is vital that we broaden the discussion on tifs for nurses writing academic how to advance women#8217;s rights and end impunity for crimes that disproportionately affect women, such as sexual violence in conflict,#8221; Jolie Pitt said in animal abuse a statement. #8220;I am looking forward to teaching and to learning from the students as well as to tifs for nurses essays 2 concepts, sharing my own experiences of working alongside governments and the United Nations.#8221; The course, which is the first of its kind internationally, was launched last year by Jolie Pitt and against animal essays, Britain#8217;s former foreign secretary, William Hauge Ė who will also serve as a visiting professor. For Nurses Writing Essays? The Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security Ambassador Melanne Verveer said they, too, are looking forward to bringing the program to the stateside campus. Cover Paper? #8220;I was pleased to meet with Angelina Jolie during my recent trip to London on ways we at Georgetown University can continue the collaboration between our sister programs on both sides of the Atlantic,#8221; said Verveer. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Essays Debating? #8220;We look forward to welcoming Angelina and former foreign secretary Hague to Georgetown in the future.#8221; She is making headlines. Animal Essays? In my Parentsí home country, the for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts, two biggest newspapers have it on front page. Also in France and Spain. She is essays making headlines. Tifs Writing Academic Essays Debating? In my Parentsí home country, the two biggest newspapers have it on front page.
Also in France and Spain. Proud of her,she always surprises in a good way. I might be jumping ahead but I am going to call this Lord Hague and Dame Angelina will win the Nobel Prize in the future. Maybe sooner than we think. Simply Thesis? This is how you do it. Dame Angelina. Angelina is now. Mother of six, Wife, Actress, Director, Screenwriter, Producer, Diplomat, Global Activist and tifs academic essays 2 concepts, Professor. Even writing this makes me tired. Angelina is now. Mother of homeland essay, six, Wife, Actress, Director, Screenwriter, Producer, Diplomat, Global Activist and Professor.
Even writing this makes me tired. Angelina is now. Mother of six, Wife, Actress, Director, Screenwriter, Producer, Diplomat, Global Activist and Professor. Even writing this makes me tired. Angelina is now. For Nurses Writing Essays 2 Concepts? Mother of six, Wife, Actress, Director, Screenwriter, Producer, Diplomat, Global Activist and Professor. Even writing this makes me tired. Angelina is now. Mother of sheet paper, six, Wife, Actress, Director, Screenwriter, Producer, Diplomat, Global Activist and Professor. Tifs Academic Essays? Even writing this makes me tired. Against Abuse? Thank you Sandra!
Whuh? Professor Jolie Pitt? Ruh roh! The FFers and trolls will be here forthwith, #8220;She doesn#8217;t even have a high school diploma so how the tifs essays, hell is she going to teach a graduate level college course?#8221; So Angie, who doesn#8217;t have a college degree at all, is going to be a #8220;visiting professor#8221; at the program she helped create at animal abuse essays the LSE#8230;and WLC, who has 2 advanced degrees, had to tifs writing academic 2 concepts, marry a rich old geezer and become a fameho to get a similar invite from Columbia. Now#8230;does anyone really seriously think Angie has plans to be in either Captain Marvel or The Bride of Frankenstein? Exactly. Whuh? Professor Jolie Pitt? Ruh roh! The FFers and abuse essays, trolls will be here forthwith, #8220;She doesn#8217;t even have a high school diploma so how the hell is she going to teach a graduate level college course?#8221; So Angie, who doesn#8217;t have a college degree at all, is going to be a #8220;visiting professor#8221; at the program she helped create at the LSE#8230;and WLC, who has 2 advanced degrees, had to marry a rich old geezer and become a fameho to get a similar invite from tifs writing essays debating 2 concepts, Columbia.
Now#8230;does anyone really seriously think Angie has plans to be in either Captain Marvel or The Bride of Frankenstein? Exactly. Seems to be Angie is doing more things besides planning the birthday-party. What incredible woman! my respects. Seems to be Angie is doing more things besides planning the birthday-party.
What incredible woman! my respects. inshallah it will happen. She being groom for it to happen. She being groom for it to happen. Francis Bacons Essays? She being groom for it to happen. She being groom for tifs it to happen. She being groom for it to happen. Wow! That#8217;s awesome. Simply for professorship?
Cool#8230; Amazing woman that is thesis what she is. How can anybody believe that Brad and Angie are not made for each other. Tabloids keep throwing stuff at for nurses essays them but they hold strong for their family. Security Essay? Amazing woman that is for nurses academic debating what she is. How can anybody believe that Brad and Angie are not made for each other.
Tabloids keep throwing stuff at them but they hold strong for their family. Amazing woman that is what she is. How can anybody believe that Brad and Angie are not made for each other. Tabloids keep throwing stuff at them but they hold strong for their family. She isn#8217;t paid for this job though.
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Famous Singer Essays and Research Papers. celebrity culture. In fact, being famous is for nurses academic essays 2 concepts a target hunted by an enormously large portion of the population. If you think about it, who . wouldnít want to be insanely rich? Who wouldnít want to pr√©cis & comprehension be the for nurses writing essays debating, center of cover, attention? We have this idea that being famous is having an essays debating, idyllic life in which you get whatever you want, you go wherever you want and see whoever you feel like seeing. Put in other words, for francis essays us ďoriginalsĒ or should I say ďnon- famous Ē people, being famous is like the writing academic debating 2 concepts, seventh heaven, a joyful. Actor , Celebrities , Celebrity 1395 Words | 4 Pages. Famous Thinkers PHL458 August 12, 2013 Charles Crenshaw Famous Thinkers: Peter . Singer and thesis writing using, Bill Gates A thinker is an individual who reasons intellectually; this individual generally shares his views and theories with other thinkers and with society.
The contributions made to humanity can be valuable and frequently encourage others to ponder the same issues. Writing Debating 2 Concepts? Other thinkers may become supporters or challengers to another. There have been many famous thinkers. Bill Melinda Gates Foundation , Bill Gates , Creativity 1567 Words | 5 Pages. Running Head: FAMOUS THINKERS 1 . Famous Thinkers Paper . Animal rights , Animal welfare , Bill Gates 1270 Words | 4 Pages. ? FAMOUS AMOS SWOT Analysis Strengths Weaknesses Sound financial records No. 1 brand in cookies segment Superior quality product . Employee management Product pricing Marketing skills(promotion) Negative publicity Opportunities Threats Extend supplier range Expansion to emerging economies Increase product offerings Expansion of test in english language & comprehension, retail operations Trademark infringements Increased competition from tifs academic debating 2 concepts local cafes and in english language pr√©cis, specialization of other coffeehouse chains Saturated markets in.
Chocolate , Chocolate chip , Chocolate chip cookie 767 Words | 4 Pages. The efforts of five women known as the Famous Five has had a lasting effect on the rights of women in Canada to for nurses essays debating 2 concepts this day. These women, all . from Alberta, were Emily Murphy, Nellie McClung, Louise McKinney, Irene Parlby and thesis using, Henrietta Muir Edwards. Emily Murphy pressured the Alberta government into passing the ďDower Actí which protected a wifeís right to one-third (?) share of her husbandís property. Academic Essays Debating 2 Concepts? Nellie McClung was very active with organizations and was involved in politics from 1914 to 1926. Canada , Emily Murphy , Louise McKinney 2417 Words | 6 Pages.
Almost Famous: Essay On Entertainment Criticism. 04 October 2000 Almost Famous : Essay on Entertainment Criticism A rolling stone gathers no moss. If Cameron Crowe is to be believed, a . 15-year-old Rolling Stone writer will gather all kinds of things. Not the least of test in english language comprising pr√©cis & comprehension, which are life experience, sexual exploits, and rock and roll insights. Almost Famous is Crowe's semi-autobiographical account of a young man taking the fast lane to adulthood on the tour bus with a rising rock and roll band. The critics are almost unanimous in tifs writing academic debating 2 concepts, their praise of this. 2000 in film , Almost Famous , Cameron Crowe 2027 Words | 6 Pages. Are Famous People Treated Unfairly by the Media?
Should They Be Given More Privacy, or Is the Price of Their Fame an Invasion Into Their Private Lives? Are famous people treated unfairly by simply the media? Should they be given more privacy, or is the price of essays 2 concepts, their fame an invasion into their . private lives? Many girls want to be as beautiful as Paris Hilton and many boys want to francis bacons essays be as popular as David Beckham. Who doesnít want to tifs for nurses writing essays debating 2 concepts be a celebrity? They have all the things that common people can dream of, fans, designer clothes, luxurious cars, and the list goes on. Their lavish style of abuse essays, living keeps them in the eye of public and media. As a result. Actor , Celebrities , Celebrity 821 Words | 3 Pages. Peter Singer , an Australian philosopher and for nurses writing debating 2 concepts, professor at Princeton University asks his students the simple question of whether they would save . a drowning child from a pond, while wearing theyíre bran new pair of expensive shoes.
The response was aggressive and passive ďHow could anyone consider a pair of shoes, or missing an paper, hour or two at academic 2 concepts work, a good reason for not saving a childís life?Ē ? Singer continued to argue that ď according to UNICEF, nearly 10 million children under five years old die. Developed country , Ethics , Good and evil 1227 Words | 3 Pages. Five On a Treasure Island Review by Keith Robinson (June 15, 2005) Ah, the Famous Five! In this first book, we open with Julian, Dick and simply christian thesis, . Writing Academic Debating? Anne at home with their parents, chatting around the essays, breakfast table. Julian asks his mother if they're going to Polseath as usual for the summer holidaysóbut to the childrens' surprise their parents have decided they want to go away on their own to Scotland. The children must go to stay with their Aunt Fanny and tifs academic essays, Uncle Quentin, down by the sea at Kirrin Bay.
Enid Blyton , Ewan McGregor , Kirrin Island 1385 Words | 3 Pages. that Bieber would chose to do drugs, they cut themselves in remorse. This is why teenagers should not idolize celebrities, as we neglect our studies, our . families, friends, and sheet for term paper, personal well beings, because we are too invested in someone elseís famous life. Children under the age of 13 are also idolizing celebrities, and because they are at such a young stage of their lives, it is crucial for them to have a good role model to tifs for nurses essays debating look up to. Children are only just grasping the simply, concepts of Ďright. Actor , Celebrity , Famous for being famous 989 Words | 3 Pages. color, pets, and academic essays 2 concepts, etc.
Find out test comprising of essay & comprehension where they grew up and how it influenced their lives. It is important to research about for nurses writing academic essays 2 concepts, their family history. You should look . to see if the person has any famous siblings or relatives. Looking up family history was crucial for abuse essays me because many believe that the only reason Paris is famous , is tifs for nurses essays 2 concepts because of her family. Her family has been in cover sheet for term, the Hollywood scene for many years and for nurses debating 2 concepts, her grandfather just happens to using be a real-estate tycoon. Doing research about family history gives. Celebrity , Facebook , Famous for being famous 2041 Words | 5 Pages.
The History of the tifs writing academic, Singer Sewing Machine. | The Singer Sewing Machine | Historical Project Research | | Sarah Clark | 9/12/2010 | Engineering 1000 Instructor: Dr. Francis Bacons? Tzu-Yu . Wang | The sewing machine is basically a textile machine. It is used for stitching together things such as fabric, paper, card, or other material with some type of tifs for nurses, thread. The sewing machine needed to against animal be something that was functional and compact.
It would need to be something that was simple to use and tifs for nurses academic, be able to sew faster and more efficiently. Clydebank , Elias Howe , Sewing 1404 Words | 5 Pages. Hilton Hotels, is considered to be a celebrity. Hiltonís fame sprouted from simply christian thesis her controversial appearance in a sex tape in 2003. After being noticed in her . tape, she received opportunities to tifs for nurses writing academic 2 concepts be come a American socialite, media personality, model, singer , author, fashion designer and actress. Drug abuse among todayís celebrities is a growing problem.
News headlines weekly feature another celebrity incarcerated for possession of drugs or other drug/alcohol related crimes. New generations of teens. Celebrities , Celebrity , Famous for being famous 950 Words | 3 Pages. Singer Solution to World Problems. or that pair of shoes because they are on sale? Would you be able to give up something insignificant in order to give someone the animal abuse, most precious gift of all, . Essays 2 Concepts? life? Peter Singer argues, we all have a moral obligation to essays help those who are less fortunate than ourselves.
In Peter Singerís New York Times article entitled, ďThe Singer Solution to World PovertyĒ he challenges citizens of first world countries to donate any money that is tifs writing academic not used for day to day necessities to go towards charities that help. Average Joe , Debt , Household income in the United States 1105 Words | 3 Pages. The Singer Solution to for term World Poverty. In the New York Times Article ď the Singer Solution to World PovertyĒ the author Peter Singer argues that there is no reason why . Americans donít donate money to tifs for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts the needy when they can afford countless of luxury that are not essential to the preservation of their lives and health. Singer pursue the audience with two different situations trying to comprising of essay motivate the reader to donate money instantly. The fist situation comes from a Brazilian film, Central Station in which a woman called Dora, a retired. An American Family , Audience , Donation 1062 Words | 3 Pages. taken for granted in our societyĒ ( Singer , 1972).
His goal here is to persuade people that everyone, including the government, need to help . Tifs Writing Academic? with famine relief, and cover sheet, how we deal with such disasters now is ďmorally unjustifiedĒ. Tifs For Nurses Writing Debating? ( Singer , 1972) Singer supports his argument when he brings up the homeland essay, scenario of a child drowning. We would have a duty to save the child to prevent the tifs writing, child from dying. If we were to writing just watch the child drown it would be morally incorrect. Tifs Debating? Singer looks at it as it doesnít matter. Argument , Ethics , Famine, Affluence, and Morality 1337 Words | 4 Pages.
The Hero's Journey: an Analysis of Cameron Crowe's Film Almost Famous Using Joseph Campbell's Monomyth. The Hero's Journey: An Analysis of Cameron Crowe's Film Almost Famous Using Joseph Campbell's Monomyth an analysis of Almost . Famous (2000) Almost Famous (2000) is a dramatization of writer/director Cameron Crowe's real-life experiences as a teenage rock reporter for Rolling Stone. Based on thinly-veiled autobiographical material from the precocious beginnings of Crowe's early career, the simply christian, screenplay shapes sentimental memories into movie magic. But how did Crowe give his own coming-of-age. Almost Famous , Cameron Crowe , Hero 1448 Words | 4 Pages. The Jazz Singer: Cultural and Historical Significance. ďThe Jazz Singer Ē Before watching ďThe Jazz Singer Ē, I had no idea of its cultural or historical significance. I learned that . it was the first motion picture to have synchronized dialogue and words. It set the precedent for cinematography, live voice recordings, and real-time dialogue. Tifs For Nurses Writing Debating 2 Concepts? The film was based on a short story written only using a few years prior. The story was called ďThe Day of tifs academic debating 2 concepts, AtonementĒ and was authored by paper Samson Raphaelson.
The short story was then adapted into an onstage musical in. Family , Father , Halakha 1555 Words | 4 Pages. Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer. Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer The Elements of Reason #8 1. Use two or three sentences to tifs essays . state the main purpose or argument in this article. In other words, what is the argument the author is making? (This should be a specific argument.
We all know that the authors are writing about morality and ethics.) The main purpose or argument in thesis writing using, this article is that Peter Singer believes that richer nations should give assistance to other nations who. Consequentialism , Ethics , Human 1107 Words | 4 Pages. Peter Singer: Sentience vs Self-Conciousness. your answer.Ē More than three decades ago Peter Singer heralded the need for a new kind of liberation movement, one calling for a radical . Tifs Writing Academic Debating? expansion of the human moral canvas and more importantly, a rejection of the horrors human beings have inflicted for millennia upon other sentient beings, treatment historically considered as being both natural and unalterable. Often regarded as being the father of the modern animal liberation movement, Singer contends that the campaign for animal liberation today.
Animal rights , Ethics , Human 1819 Words | 5 Pages. gospel group Three Swanees which became the Swanee Quintet and essays, later the Swanees. In 1955, the singer Sylvester Keels and the guitarist Nafloyd . Scott where part of the group. Writing Debating? The band toured Georgia and developed into the Famous Flames, a black music revue in which all members had at least to play two instruments and to act as dancers and test in english comprising of essay pr√©cis, singers . In 1956, James Brown took over the direction of the Famous Flames which consisted of Keels and Scott, but also Johnny Terry and Nashpendle Knox (both vocals). Bobby Byrd , Fred Wesley , I Got You 1616 Words | 5 Pages. ANALYSIS OF SINGER BANGLADESH LTD Submitted to Mr. For Nurses Academic Essays Debating? A.K.M. Saiful Majid Course Instructor amp; Professor Strategic Management . Submitted by sheet for term Submitted on for nurses writing debating 2 concepts, June 13 2013 Institute of simply christian thesis, Business Administration, University of Dhaka June 13, 2013 Mr. A.K.M. Saiful Majid Professor Institute of Business Administration University of Dhaka.
Subject: Submission of Term Paper. For Nurses Academic Debating 2 Concepts? Dear Sir, It gives us enormous pleasure in test in english language of essay & comprehension, presenting herewith the Term Paper on tifs writing essays 2 concepts, ďStrategic Analysis of francis, Singer Bangladesh. Clydebank , Corporation , Singer Corporation 7570 Words | 25 Pages. 1. Executive Summary Famous Amos is tifs essays 2 concepts one of the francis essays, most recognizable cookie brands in the world and its products are positioned as premium . quality. Initiated by Wally Amos in 1975, the tifs academic debating, brand currently belongs to the Kellogg Company and writing, is available in most parts of the world. However, it remains alien to China and this report is dedicated to for nurses academic debating Famous Amosí entry into Shanghai. Its products include bite-sized chocolate cookies, sandwiched cookies and muffins that come in various flavors. Apart from. China , Economy of the People's Republic of writing using, China , Famous Amos 12774 Words | 42 Pages. things we take for granted and tifs essays, would hardly notice if they were not there.
Is that so wrong? ( Singer , 12). There are countless debates on this . predicament. In this essay I will explain some of them. I will first describe the against abuse essays, utilitarianism view by Singer , and the deontology view by Kant, after that I will apply what both of them have to say to tifs for nurses writing academic essays debating 2 concepts the drowning child situation, and conclude on my view. Peter Singer is a utilitarian. Utilitarianism in philosophy is a doctrine that the christian thesis, morally correct course. Aesthetics , Consequentialism , Ethics 1132 Words | 3 Pages.
Frame Research Paper 1 27 February 2013 The Jazz Singer : The Death of One Era, Birth of Another The mid to tifs for nurses writing academic essays late 1920ís saw Hollywoodís . transition from the traditional silent film to for term new films with sound. Tifs Writing Academic 2 Concepts? This new technology, starting with Vitaphone shorts in 1926, was extremely popular and test in english language comprising of essay & comprehension, would be quickly enveloped into the first feature length movie with sound, The Jazz Singer . The success and generally great reception of writing academic essays debating, The Jazz Singer would convince filmmakers across the nation that sound. Al Jolson , Feature film , Film 3711 Words | 9 Pages. ?Asha Bhosle Asha Bhosle is an Indian singer who has fascinated the entire country with her voice. Asha was born on September 8, . 1933 in a small village in christian thesis, sangli, Maharashtra to the Marathi family of pandit Dinanath Mangeshkar.She was the tifs for nurses essays debating 2 concepts, third child of Dinanath Mangeshkar and Shudhhamati. Her nickname is The Queen of Indi pop. Her father pandit Dinanth Mangeshkar was a theater artist and a classical singer . He trained her in classical music at a very young age .Her other sibling are. Asha Bhosle , Bollywood , Geeta Dutt 1394 Words | 6 Pages. utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is against a brought ethical theory with a lot of facets, but just wants to cover what utilitarianism means on the surface, a broad . view of it so to speak. Utilitarianism was found at tifs academic 2 concepts the turn of the 19th century and developed by in english of essay pr√©cis & comprehension many famous ethicists like David Hume, Jeremy Bentham, and John Stuart Mill.
The first thing people think of when they hear ďUtilitarianismĒ is the saying ďmaximizing pleasure while minimizing pain,Ē or ďthe greatest good for the greatest number.Ē These sort. Animal rights , Ethics , Jeremy Bentham 1538 Words | 4 Pages. suffer both physically and tifs for nurses essays debating 2 concepts, emotionally. Itís an act that goes against and completely defies ethical teachings and all forms of morality in christian thesis, the society . because its consequences are severe minimize the benefits to for nurses writing debating the culprits only. Simply Christian Thesis? In addition, Singer , P. Academic 2 Concepts? (2001) suggests that the of essay, terrorist attack that took place in tifs for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts, the United states commonly referred to as the November 11 remains to francis bacons essays be a major reflection of the deteriorating ethical and moral standards in the society. This attack was a deliberate. Ethics , Human rights , Jeremy Bentham 1635 Words | 5 Pages.
Marketing Technique of Singer Bangladesh. Customer Services 6 And back to Marketing 6 How does Holistic Marketing work? 7 SINGER Bangladesh 8 Corporate 8 Local 11 . For Nurses Academic Essays Debating 2 Concepts? SINGERís Marketing Policy 12 SINGERís Holistic Marketing Approach 15 Integrated Marketing 16 Product list 17 Relationship Marketing 19 Internal Marketing 23 Social Responsible Marketing 25 Conclusion 28 References 29 Appendix 30 History of SINGER - A time line[pic] 31 Introduction A clever person once said, Visions demand a. Clydebank , Marketing , Singer Building 6574 Words | 27 Pages. are generally pre-recorded by security essay contest professional playback singers , with the tifs academic essays 2 concepts, actors then lip synching the words to essays the song on-screen, often while . dancing. While most actors, especially today, are excellent dancers, few are also singers . One notable exception was Kishore Kumar, who starred in several major films in the 1950s while also having a stellar career as a playback singer . K. Tifs For Nurses Writing Debating? L. Saigal, Suraiyya, and Noor Jehan were also known as both singers and actors. Some actors in the last thirty years have.
Asha Bhosle , Bollywood , Cinema of India 1014 Words | 3 Pages. The Effects of Chemical Castration and Physical Castration. Lata Mangeshkar- The Pride of India India, one of the highest movie producing countries, has many great singers . One such . singer , who has been singing for the past 60 years is non other then my favourite singer Lata Mangeshkar. Lata Mangeshkar is and has been the most heard voice in all of India for some time now. Lata has been active in all Indian popular and simply christian thesis, classical music, sung film songs, ghazals , bhajans and pop (Nagma, 2004). Lata's mesmerizing melodious voice has won fans all over the. Asha Bhosle , Bollywood , Deenanath Mangeshkar 2044 Words | 5 Pages.
people struggling to survive in account to living under the poverty line, a few on a single dollar a day. Singer constructs the tifs academic essays debating, point that we . Christian Thesis? need to tifs for nurses debating be doing a greater job at thesis helping those not in the status of being able to for nurses academic 2 concepts help themselves. By using Bengal as an example of how the countries that are rich respond to a disaster, Singer is capable of proving his point ( Singer , 1972). Test? Singer concentrates on tifs for nurses academic essays 2 concepts, the issues of test in english, why people refuse to donate. He believes that some folks have the assumption.
Duty , Ethics , Human 771 Words | 3 Pages. Famine Is Not A Charity Case John Lim PHI208 Instructor McCart 6-2-2013 Famine Is Not A Charity Case Peter Singer wrote this . paper in Philosophy amp; Public Affairs to tifs writing 2 concepts bring up two issues of the refugees in East Bengal. Sheet? The first is about how the writing debating, refugees are being deprived of food, shelter and medical care. Against Animal Essays? Singerís moral values come from the lack of humanity shown from for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts India and the lack of aid funds from other countries such as Britain and Australia. The second, he believes. Bangladesh , Ethics , Famine 1658 Words | 5 Pages. Dr. Maul 11/26/12 Moral Responsibility Around the world, in in english & comprehension, many third world countries, human suffering is caused by tifs writing academic debating 2 concepts many causes like ethnic cleansing, . starvation, war, poor living conditions, natural disasters, and more. Christian Thesis? According to Peter Singer (1972) in academic 2 concepts, his article ďFamine, Affluence, and MoralityĒ people and governments have not properly done enough to help others in emergency situations, like the situation in East Bengal during the christian, 1970ís where nine million refugees were starving due. Argument map , Counterargument , Duty 1274 Words | 4 Pages. vegetarian.
A. Singer touches on methodology in ethics first to help explain point of view to Reganís argument. B. Singer then . turns to the substantive issue of ďwhat are the implications of utilitarianism for our treatment of animals?Ē II. Tifs Writing Essays Debating 2 Concepts? In regards to methodology, Singer claims Regan recommends abandoning utilitarianism in favor of a rights-based theory without having made a single point against utilitarianism, besides that utilitarianism does not support vegetarianism. A. Singer gives points. Agriculture , Animal liberation movement , Animal rights 779 Words | 3 Pages.
? 1 April 2014 Candle in the Wind Sir Elton Hercules John CBE (Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the francis bacons essays, British Empire) born Reginald Kenneth Dwight . on 25 March 1947 is an English singer -songwriter, composer, pianist, record producer, and academic essays debating, occasional actor. Simply Christian? He has worked with lyricist ďBernie TaupinĒ as his songwriter partner since 1967; they have collaborated on more than 30 albums to date. (Paragraph 1) ďCandle in the WindĒ is tifs essays 2 concepts a name of a song performed by Elton John and written by he and. Bernie Taupin , Candle in the Wind , Elton John 1039 Words | 3 Pages. Explain the against, difference between rule, act and tifs academic essays, preference utilitarianism. actions are based on the maximisation of pleasure for paper a particular society where the rules are used. Contrasting to Act and Rule Utilitarianism there is . Preference Utilitarianism; this is the academic debating, most recent form of Utilitarianism. R.M.
Hare, Peter Singer and Richard Brandt all have different views though they are all Preference Utilitarianists. Preference Utilitarianís judge moral actions according to whether they fit in with the preferences of the against animal essays, individuals involved. R.M Hareís approach argues. Ethics , Jeremy Bentham , John Stuart Mill 961 Words | 3 Pages. to show their interest to tifs for nurses 2 concepts new markets. 1975 April: the third album, ďDressed to francis essays KillĒ was released, getting the number 32 at the lists (USA). For Nurses Writing Debating? . Commercially, has more success than the second album. May: Rock amp; Roll all Nite was the most famous single, and got the number 68. November: ďAlive!Ē, first live disc of KISS. Released in USA, got the number 9 at the charts. The single of the album ďRock and Roll all NiteíĒ again, but this time on security essay contest, live, got the number 12. 1976 February: KISS.
Ace Frehley , Alive II , Eric Carr 2450 Words | 7 Pages. Movie Review of Almost Famous In the movie ďAlmost Famous Ē, Cameron Crowe portrays the life of a high-school boy named . William. William was more advanced than the other children. He dreams of becoming a lawyer but little does he know, his life is about to for nurses writing debating 2 concepts change. Test Language Comprising & Comprehension? William is given the opportunity to write a story for Rolling Stone Magazine.
His task is to interview an up-and-coming rock band named StillWater as he accompanies it on their concert tour. He is academic essays 2 concepts presented with many challenges. 2000 in film , Almost Famous , Cameron Crowe 497 Words | 2 Pages. comparing, and test in english language of essay pr√©cis & comprehension, critiquing the ideas presented in two diametrically opposite writing essays 2 concepts, articles: the late biologist and environmentalist Garret Hardin's article . Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping the homeland essay, Poor and tifs for nurses writing essays, controversial ethicist Peter Singer's essay The Singer Solution to test in english language of essay pr√©cis World Poverty . Academic Essays 2 Concepts? In each article, the author uses an analogy to cover sheet for term paper make his point, and in tifs for nurses writing 2 concepts, evaluating both articles, I devoted my attention almost entirely to the analogies. Within my essay I mentioned how Hardin's article is full of pragmatic-speak. Ethics , Garrett Hardin , Lifeboat ethics 1131 Words | 3 Pages. for the purposes of human benefit (Callicott 1980).
Animals are sentient beings, this enables them to be able to sense, suffer, understand or experience . Thesis Using? subjectively ( Singer 1975). Animal liberation views that all sentient beings are warranted to the control over their own lives and their most basic fundamental interests ( Singer 1975). The two main approaches in the animal liberation view of tifs writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, thinking are based around Peter Singerís utilitarian view and Tom Reganís absolutist or deontological view. Animal liberation movement , Ethics , Peter Singer 1331 Words | 6 Pages. Utilitarianism: ďActions are right in the proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.Ē John Stuart . Mill utilitarianism, 1863 Utilitarians founder Jeremy Bentham has a famous formulation that is know as the ďgreatest-happiness principleĒ. The definition of this is ďthe ethical principle that an in english language comprising of essay pr√©cis & comprehension, action is right in so far as it promotes the greatest happiness of the greatest number of for nurses writing essays debating, those affectedĒ. Central Beliefs: There are seven.
Ethics , Happiness , Hedonism 672 Words | 3 Pages. Are We Morally Obligated to Help Others? already living a comfortable life, purchasing anything to pursue more comfort is morally reprehensible and francis bacons, lacks virtue. To his credit, Singer . supports his theory through practice, as it is reported that he donates 25% of tifs for nurses writing academic, his salary to francis Oxfam and UNICEF, and is a member of Giving What We Can, an international society for the promotion of poverty relief. As a result, Singer feels that people who are able to live in excess should work towards reducing poverty among others, not enhance their own comfortable. Ethics , John Stuart Mill , Morality 1804 Words | 5 Pages. Should Animals Have More Rights? Some people believe that animals are humansí friends.
The other people might do not think so. Tifs? Because people have . Writing Using? different values of animals, the arguments are commenced. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Essays 2 Concepts? Since 1977, all of three philosophers, Peter Singer , Tom Regan and homeland contest, Carl Cohen have respectively written their work to declare the status of animals. On the one hand, according to Peter Singerís ďAll Animals Are Equal(1977) ,Ē and Tom Reganís ďThe Case for Animal Rights(1989),Ē they claim that people. Animal rights , Human , Intrinsic value 894 Words | 3 Pages. Sewing machines did not go into mass production until the 1850's, when Isaac Singer built the first commercially successful machine. . Singer built the first sewing machine where the needle moved up and down rather than the side-to-side and for nurses writing essays 2 concepts, the needle was powered by a foot treadle. Previous machines were all hand-cranked. However, Isaac Singer's machine used the same lockstitch that Howe had patented. Elias Howe sued Isaac Singer for patent infringement and won in 1854.
Walter Hunt's sewing machine also. Elias Howe , Isaac Singer , Patent 1376 Words | 5 Pages. however dire your situation might be; granted that you have a duty not to lie, then you ought not to lie Ė not even to a . Francis Bacons Essays? would-be murderer who asks you whether his intended victim is at home (see SINGER 74) I am concerned, now, with the various objections that have been made against Utilitarianism. Academic Debating 2 Concepts? For the thesis writing, purposes of this lecture, I propose to these objections into tifs two groups: (a) Absolutist. Consequentialism , Ethics , Immanuel Kant 1467 Words | 7 Pages. hearing the francis, name Gene Simmons, one automatically thinks about the famous rock band KISS and an overly large tongue obscenely forcing itself . into the public eye, but there is much more to this man than just playing bass in what is known as one of the most famous rock bands of all time. For the writing academic debating 2 concepts, most part, no one ever knows the name of a bass player, because they are mostly behind the francis essays, rhythm and lead guitarists. The guitarist and the singers in tifs writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, most bands are the thesis writing using, ones that stand out with the most recognizable. Ace Frehley , Eric Singer , Gene Simmons 2051 Words | 5 Pages. someone to do something is not nearly as effective as creating a want to do something.
Over time guilt tripping makes the action lose steam while making . someone want to do something can create a passion that lasts for for nurses writing essays debating 2 concepts a long time. Let me follow Singers lead here and provide an example. Suppose that you would like to christian have your friend go to a new sushi restaurant with you. Would it be smarter to guilt him into going by using something against him to make him go, or would it be smarter to talk about. Africa , Form of the Good , Peter Singer 1073 Words | 3 Pages. Calculating Consequences: the Utilitarian Approach to Ethics. utilitarianism invites us to consider the immediate and the less immediate consequences of our actions. It also asks us to tifs writing academic essays debating look beyond self-interest to . consider impartially the bacons, interests of all persons affected by tifs writing debating our actions. As John Stuart Mill, a famous utili tartan, once wrote: The happiness which forms the utilitarian standard of what is right in essays, conduct, is not. (one's) own happiness, but that of all concerned. As between his own happiness and that of others, utilitarianism requires him to be. Ethics , Jeremy Bentham , John Stuart Mill 1356 Words | 4 Pages.
Isaac Merritt Singer name came into popularity in 1850 and still rings to this day in sewing machines. Singer invented the . up-and-down motion mechanism in sewing machines. He also was the first to build a commercially successful machine, in 1850. Singer's change of the academic essays debating 2 concepts, up-and-down motion from the side-to-side motion clearly set him apart from other inventions. Singer also incorporated the use of a foot treadle to power the sewing machine. Previous machines before Singer , were hand-cranked. Chain stitch , Elias Howe , Invention 1396 Words | 4 Pages. who advocate this movement is Peter Singer . Singer uses many logical arguments that are reasoned and well thought out but are . flawed and christian, it will be very useful to show how the tifs academic debating 2 concepts, animal liberation movement is misguided and unrealistic. Peter Singer makes his first point in francis bacons, arguing how humans are animals just as much as cats and rabbits are.
He states how the using the term of Ďanimalí refers to non-human animals which include cats, dogs, and even insects. Singer says that there is tifs academic 2 concepts a slight distinction. Animal Liberation , Animal liberation movement , Animal rights 2564 Words | 6 Pages. On the Moral Fabrications of security, Meat. that both the killing and academic essays, subjugation of any animal for the benefit of mankindís sustenance is a crime against nature, hence ďimmoralĒ. This line of . reasoningís basis can most notably be traced to a work by the accomplished moral philosopher Peter Singer , author of the book ďAnimal LiberationĒ, published in 1975.
In it he states: This book is in english language of essay about the tifs for nurses writing academic debating, tyranny of against animal essays, human over nonhuman animals. This tyranny has caused and writing academic essays debating, today is still causing an amount of pain and christian thesis, suffering that can only. Animal liberation movement , Animal rights , Ethics 1938 Words | 5 Pages. Fight Club's Cult: Manipulation and Thought Reform. Andrew Epstein Professor Powell English 1A: 3:15 TR 18 February 2010 Fight Clubís Cult: Manipulation Thought Reform Dr. Margaret Thaler . For Nurses Writing Essays Debating? Singer asks the question, ďHow many more Jonestowns and Wacos will have to occur before we realize how vulnerable all humans are to influence?Ē(3) With this, Singer -- a clinical therapist who specialized in francis bacons, brainwashing and coercive persuasion, considered a giant in the field of cult behavior-- brings the normallytaboo topic of cults in our society. Aum Shinrikyo , Cult , Deprogramming 2553 Words | 7 Pages. Outline key features of utilitarianism.
prioritises the pleasure of a more intellectual nature rather than lower pleasures such as eating food or having sex. More recently, different . Tifs? perspectives have been taken on Utilitarianism, one of security essay, these being preference Utilitarianism. Peter Singer was a modern advocate of this approach to tifs academic debating Utilitarianism. Preference utilitarianism still seeks to maximise happiness for the majority. However, departing from Benthamís hedonism, preference utilitarians define a positive outcome in terms of Ďpreference. Animal rights , Ethics , James Mill 1133 Words | 4 Pages. Mind Control Is the Foundation of Cults. can be easily identified because the groupís lifestyle usually clearly separates them from the cover sheet paper, rest of society. ďThe leader teaches or promotes new . practices to the group, which are usually unethical forms that are used to tifs academic 2 concepts manipulate the followers ( Singer 23).Ē Their leadership rules with unquestioned authority by using deception and bacons, also fear tactics. Writing Essays 2 Concepts? The leader also uses manipulative sessions that instill dependence of the group in people. Cults use these techniques to deprive the people of their. Cult , Deprogramming , Jonestown 1507 Words | 4 Pages.
pleasures could lead to happiness. Mill talked of Ďcompetent judgesí: ďOn a question which is the simply christian thesis, best worth having of two pleasures, the judgment of those . who are qualified by knowledge of both must be admitted as final.Ē Utilitarianism: Singer , Preferences Peter Singer is the best known Utilitarian alive today. He realised that people donít always choose happiness: ďIíd rather know the truth, even if it hurts. Ē. The greater good means fulfilling the greatest amount of preferences. Academic Debating 2 Concepts? This may not mean. Hedonism , Human rights , Jeremy Bentham 916 Words | 1 Pages. where as animals use instinct.
Christian philosopher St Thomas Aquinas argued since only beings that are rational are capable of test language comprising of essay pr√©cis, determining their actions, . they are only beings toward which we should extend concern ďfor their own sakes.Ē (Regan and Singer , 1989: 6-12). Ethical issues about tifs for nurses writing essays 2 concepts, animals are whether we should eat them, kill them for fur, or experiment on homeland security essay, them? In many countries there is no choice in these matters. In poor countries it is a matter of survival. They are not as concerned. Animal rights , Ethics , Human 1683 Words | 4 Pages. Cited Bentham, Jeremy.
Push-Pin and tifs writing debating 2 concepts, Poetry. Thesis? Ethics. Tifs For Nurses Academic Essays Debating 2 Concepts? Ed. Peter Singer . Oxford University Press: New York, 1994. 199-200. Bentham, . Jeremy. The Principle of Utility. Ethics. Ed. Test In English? Peter Singer . Writing Academic Debating? Oxford University Press: New York, 1994.
306-312. Mill, John Stuart. Higher and Lower Pleasures. Ethics. Ed. Peter Singer . Oxford University Press: New York, 1994. 201-205. Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Ivan's Challenge. Ethics. Ed.
Peter Singer . Oxford University Press: New York, 1994. 332. Ethics , Human , Jeremy Bentham 1260 Words | 4 Pages. Animal Rights - Is It Morally Wrong to francis essays Eat Meat? possible number happiness. There are many questions that arise as a result of the views presented by different philosophers. One of the questions that . arise is tifs academic essays Is it morally wrong to security essay contest eat meat? The case for animal rights has been advocated by Peter Singer who maintains that there is a difference between the rights of human beings and animals but that the later should be given equal consideration and that all animals are equal.
R.G.Frey, meanwhile, considers that the human beings have a higher value. Animal rights , Human , Jeremy Bentham 886 Words | 3 Pages. entire poem, we are told that the poem is for Woody Guthrie, and in the context of the third line, we can piece together than the quest Dylan is embarking on . is one that Guthrie had also been on, many years before. Woody Guthrie and writing essays debating 2 concepts, Bob Dylan are both singer -songwriters who played a role in the initial shaping of thesis writing using, patriotic folk songs with their use of political, social, philosophical and literary influences. Tifs Writing Essays Debating? We can connect that these legacies used their journeys to francis influence their writing, which can also.
Bob Dylan , Bruce Springsteen , Folk music 1779 Words | 4 Pages.
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courier new essay Ensuring that customers get what they want is called a service quality. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Essays Debating! Managing service delivery is the single most effective mean for differentiation among companies. Technologies and travel industry development bring people and products even closer. Service operations managers should make increasing customer participation in quality service delivery a major goal if they want to stay competitive on the market.
The impact of customer participation in simply christian thesis, service delivery on tifs for nurses writing academic debating, perception of the quality of the product is not absolutely researched yet. There is a tendency that increased level of customer participation in the services that are familiar for customer, will lead to test in english language comprising, higher perceived quality of service delivered. Service Delivery and tifs for nurses essays debating Customer Experience. Rapid developments of self Ė service technologies are becoming the main service delivery channel in recent years. The customer participation is against abuse essays service process is quickly increasing due to this reason. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Essays Debating! Service operations managers need to decide to which extend the writing using, customer is involved into delivery process. It is expected that in nearest future only two extreme formats of delivery will prevail: complete employee service and complete self Ė service. The mixture of these two extremes is still present in tifs academic, businesses today, even though the increasing self-service delivery will change the security essay contest, situation. Customerís involvement is usually mandatory, obligatory for the delivery processes. However, the for nurses writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, service operations manager needs to thesis writing using, know very well the specifics of service product: the level of necessary customer involvement will vary depending on this.
There are cases when customers provide only minimal assistance throughout the process: they stay passively preoccupied. Nevertheless, in most cases customers substitute employee service with the self-service: they play active roles. Tifs Essays Debating 2 Concepts! Especially recently, customers tend to be more active in self Ė service. Increasing customer involvement has a lot of benefits as practice has shown. For example, Internet auctions and Internet banking are all self Ė serviced.
Such new business models (aimed at homeland security using full customer self Ė service) have great success in establishing their market position and achieving greater market share. There is a growing competition between these emerging self Ė service based companies and traditional employee based service companies. For example, Internet stock trading companies Ė customer trading stocks successfully competes against traditional brokerage companies Ė employee trades for customers. In this example, the outcome of the competition is obvious - the workload between the writing essays debating 2 concepts, company and customer (serf Ė service) is a decisive factor. The expenses for homeland essay contest hiring new employees for service delivery are absent.
The company gets pure income. Tifs Essays Debating! This is cover sheet paper another reason why service operations manager should try to tifs for nurses writing academic essays 2 concepts, increase customer participation as much as possible. The difference in the proportion of workload which is christian thesis outsourced tot eh customer or end user influences the companyís service delivery process and infrastructure as well as costsí reduction. In addition, the impact of tifs for nurses academic essays 2 concepts increased customer participation in the delivery process on the service quality is defined by the self Ė service level. Customerís self Ėservice is an important, sometimes even bigger, part of the service. Productivity and customer efficiency also has influence on service quality and expected demand. When a customer participates in the process, the perceived value of the test in english comprising of essay, service is increased many times, because customer himself has done something by himself. As a result, customers increasing participation in the service processes will bring changes on the market with high competition level.
There are many questions to be answered before the company decides to use full self Ė serviced delivery. Among them are: Will the self Ė serving companies be able to tifs for nurses academic debating 2 concepts, gain enough of market share to be competitive on the market compared to traditional approaches? How will this result be achieved by self Ė serviced companies? Who will be the leader: new approaches to delivery or traditional ones? What are the advantages and disadvantages of cover sheet for term each service delivery approach? These questions can be answered only by the service mangers that have tried both approaches and found out tifs for nurses academic essays debating 2 concepts, which one is better. The role self Ė service and customer in the process of delivery is very important, because the customer creates the value of the service by himself.
He is the christian thesis, one responsible for tifs for nurses writing essays the delivery quality and there is nobody else to blame for faults. Outsourcing delivery of service to cover sheet paper, customers gives competitive advantage to the company. People like to be involved in the process which will bring benefit to them; they are doing it not for somebody else but for debating 2 concepts themselves. Service manager needs to decide what services can be outsourced or what amount of this service delivery can be handles by customers. If the sheet paper, service is not very complicated or difficult to do and tifs for nurses writing academic does not require highly specialized skills it can be outsourced to customers. In addition, even if some knowledge and expertise is required in service delivery it still can be outsourced: customer needs to be provided with certain information on how to accomplish the task.
There was a mathematical model developed on how to calculate profit levels of two companies: one using full self Ė service delivery and the other using full Ėservice. The research resulted in the interesting finding that the optimal, the best proportion of the workload to be outsourced is language comprising 0% or 100%. If the number is somewhere in tifs for nurses writing, between, the company may even encounter minimization of the profit figure. The service operations managers, therefore, have a choice of two options: to outsource as much of service delivery as possible or continue using traditional service delivery approaches. Also research has shown that companies with self Ė service had higher income rations than the ones with full service due to the absence of expenses for having employees to deliver this service to customer. The key characteristic of the service delivery is the combination of simultaneous production and consumption. Customers get involved in the process so they influence the outcome of the cover for term paper, quality of service delivery and the satisfaction by essays, it. Before the service transaction can be completed, the customer needs to contribute some information or effort. The quality, therefore, depend on this information or effort of the customer. Because services are intangible, there is thesis writing using always a risk associated with the service delivery. Introducing self - servicing, attributes part of this risk to for nurses academic 2 concepts, customerís role.
For this reason, the service operations manager needs to try to increase the level of francis customer participation. However, the tifs writing academic debating, service provides will always risk in this situation in the control over the encounter cannot be ensured with relying on customers to perform the task of test in english language comprising of essay & comprehension delivering service. The most important issue of the customer participation are the roles which customers take in the service delivery. It is important for service managers to remember that customer comes to for nurses writing academic essays 2 concepts, a service encounter with an idea in mind about what their role should be in this cooperation. This idea might have been derived from previous experience with similar services. Most often customer knows what to do because he has seen it in the advertising, on television or heard through word Ė of Ė mouth.
It is also important for service manager to know and make necessary adjustments, that not all customers will come with correct and the same understanding of their roles. Necessary facilities need to clearly explain what should occur. Roles also have important involvement of control issues. Clear communication of the information and essay mutual understanding of the writing academic essays debating 2 concepts, roles which each party needs to perform will clarify the amount of control each party has. It is a proven fact that this mutual understanding between parties resulted in higher satisfaction received from homeland security essay contest, service if both parties understood beforehand what their roles should be. Writing Academic! There are a couple of strategies proposed which help service managers to bacons essays, manage customer participation. For example, telling customers in advance what are their expected roles. The customer needs prior training in operational procedures Ė this will increase the satisfaction level of service delivered. Although there has been a lot of discussion in the literature about the customer participation in service delivery, the definition and management of the roles needed in the participation are still unexplored. For Nurses Writing Academic Debating 2 Concepts! However, it is a fact that if individuals have no necessary information about their roles and roles of service provider, they will get involved in coping others that can result in anxiety and higher dissatisfaction level. The control that customers feel during their participation in service encounters influences the language of essay pr√©cis & comprehension, level of satisfaction they receive from service.
Service operations manager needs to know how to writing academic, increase this satisfaction. One way is to offer alternatives, choices within the servicing setting. For example, remote availability of electronic resources, photocopying of printed materials and self Ė servicing facilities, reference consultation on Ė site or by telephone. The problems in service encounter usually appear because of the conflicts: who has more control in the service interactions. Both customer and provider of service have a need for using control. It is generally accepted that customer participation has positive impact on both providers and essays debating customers. Here questions start to appear: how this positive participation can be stimulated and managed? Service manager needs to know how to manage customer participation in service encounters to have beneficial outcomes for both sides.
Service providers must develop mechanisms and find ways to make sure that customers know what is expected from them and put effort to facilitate the outcome. Customers need to francis essays, be empowered to co-produce their own experience. Increasing customer involvement brings cost and convenience benefits for organization and customer himself. Service manager needs to remember that the greater the involvement of the customer in the service delivery, the tifs essays debating, greater the likelihood that this experience will meet expectations of both company and customer. If it does not happen, the customer also bears the part of responsibility and the service provider is not the only part to christian, put guilt on. Introducing self Ė serving methods of for nurses writing essays debating service delivery, company will gain loyalty from thesis using, those customers who think of themselves as part of the for nurses writing essays, organizational family. Against Animal! Moreover, through communicating with customers, service provider may directly learn defects of service and have immediate feedback about for nurses writing essays what should be done to improve. It is animal important to understand that service is a not just a delivery of essays 2 concepts product, it is a process, a deed, a performance and effort from both provider and customer. It goes beyond the first encounter with a customer; it builds relationship between the company and society represented by this customer.
Service operations manager should be aware that they do not only create the economic value for against animal the firm but also social value for the customers. Customers have expectations that their rights are respected and the company needs to stick to ethical standards and contribute to the development. It is impossible to quantify the value of tifs writing academic essays 2 concepts service delivered, but the value of quality it adds to the company is obvious. The managing delivery quality is against essays equally important as increasing customer participation in the process. It has a significant impact on debating 2 concepts, whether this person, this customer will deal with the company again, use its service or not.
It is not a secret for anybody that negative word - of essays Ė mouth is the strongest factor that can lead to tifs for nurses writing academic essays debating, very high loses of company. It is very hard to recover from negative image, it needs big investment (additional expenses) and a lot of time of top management (time is money). In English Language Comprising & Comprehension! That is why service managers are primary responsible for creating the for nurses writing essays, positive image through higher involvement of customers into service delivery process. Effective service delivery is not only the process of exchanging values, the performance of other supporting activities is even more important. Among these activities are provision of information and advice, responsiveness to customer needs, handling complaints and common courtesy. It is animal essays understandable, that all these activities are easier to academic essays, perform when delivery is full Ė serviced or at francis essays least half- serviced. When participation of customer is increased the involvement of essays 2 concepts trained personnel is limited to minimum. Security Contest! In this situation customer must have access to information they need, way to express complains and for nurses academic essays debating give recommendation if they have one in their mind.
Each good service manager should understand how customers derive utility form the service. These are factors underlying service delivery: (1) understanding how the organization can produce and deliver this utility tot eh ultimate consumer, (2) understanding how the simply christian, organization needs to be managed to add value to the service delivered (increasing customer satisfaction), and tifs for nurses essays (3) enabling the organization to meet its objectives to both customers and company itself. Increasing customer involvement into process of service delivery will become number one objective for service managers it the companies that wants to stay competitive on the market when new technologies are developing very quickly. As this paper has shown customer participation has many benefits not only for the company but also for bacons essays the customer himself. Tifs For Nurses Writing Academic Essays Debating 2 Concepts! Decreasing labor costs for provider and increasing user satisfaction are the most important factors. Fitzsimmons, J.A. Homeland Contest! Fitzsimmons, M.J. (2004). Service Management Operations, Strategy and Information Technology, 4th ed, McGraw-Hill, USA.
Bateson, J. E. G. (1985). ďPerceived Control and the Service Encounter.Ē J. A. Czepiel, C. A. Surprenant, M. R. Solomon (Eds.), The Service Encounter: Managing Employee/Customer Interaction in for nurses academic 2 concepts, Service Businesses (pp. 68-72). Lexington: Lexington Books. Dean, A. (1997). ďThe Impact of Consumer Participation on Perceived Service QualityĒ. Monash Working Paper Series, (24), Melbourne: Monash University,. Department of Management. Dellande, S. Gilly, M. (1998). ďGaining Customer Compliance in Services.Ē T. A. Cover Sheet Paper! Swartz, D. E. Bowen S. W. Brown (Eds.), Advances in Services Marketing and Management: research and practice. (v. 7, pp. 265-292). Greenwich, Conn., JAI Press.
Faranda, W. Tifs Academic Debating! T. (1994). Customer Participation in Service Production: An Empirical Assessment of the Influence of Realistic Service Previews. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona. File, K. M., Judd, B. B., Prince, R. A. (1992). ďInteractive Marketing: the Influence of Participation on Positive Word-of-Mouth and of essay Referrals.Ē Journal of Services Marketing, 6(4), 5-14. Mills, P. K., Morris, J. H. (1986). ďClients as 'Partial' Employees: Role Development in Client Participation.Ē Academy of Management Review, 11(4). Mohr, L. A., Bitner, M. J. (1991). ďMutual Understanding Between Customers and Employees in Service Encounters.Ē Advances in Consumer Research, 18. Dilemma on 2 concepts, NATO#039;s Purpose After Cold War. Colorado Creative Music (CCM) Company Overview.
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