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Aqa igcse english literature coursework

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Consider the Lobster Mushroom: being a brief theory of the aqa igcse english coursework, craft of creative nonfiction. By Heidi Czerwiec. The lobster mushroom, contrary to its common name, is the life of a child, not a mushroom but the result of a parasitic fungus having infested a host mushroom in a peculiar symbiosis. The fungus, Hypomyces lactifluorum , typically attacks milk-caps and brittlegills, absorbing them completely and imparting the bright reddish-orange color and seafood-like flavor of a cooked lobster. Creative nonfiction, too, is a symbiosis of fact infecting art. English Literature! Or art infecting fact.

You become infected by an idea, a topic – open adoptions, fracking, the history of perfume – that absorbs you, imparting its own qualities, until the the great comparison essay, you’re transformed, not the same person as before. Or, you may play the part of aqa igcse english coursework parasite – cloak your work, make it take the appearance of another form: an essay disguised as a list, a letter, an index, a diary. A hermit-crab essay. A lobster mushroom. Or, you may think you’re writing one essay, but another essay takes it over, makes it its own. Think you’re writing about hiking? Nope, it’s about your ex-.

A piece about the of a child, band Morphine and The Matrix’ Morpheus and the Sandman comics? Nope, your ex-. This is not necessarily a bad thing. Lobster mushrooms are much more valuable than the mushrooms they infect – about $25 a pound fresh, or $50 dried, at last check. You should remember that both creative nonfiction and lobster mushrooms, like all fungus, feed off of dead matter, are in turn fed off of. You don’t always get there first.

Sometimes appalling creatures have nested inside it – sometimes stuff you knew was there, sometimes stuff you forgot was there, sometimes unexpected stuff you uncover. You might be cutting through a mushroom when a centipede or earwig or worm crawls out of the english literature, hole it’s burrowed into the flesh. Genetically Paper! “Fuck!” you might yell, dropping the mushroom. Now you have to decide what to aqa igcse english do next: a. Thesis Statement Integrity! Sweep the mushroom into the trash. Burn trash. Burn house. Coursework! No mushroom, no matter how valuable it might have seemed, is worth this toxic invasion. b.Pick up the mushroom and examine the damage – how deep does it go? Has the nastiness laid eggs?

Are there others? You may feel hesitant to give up on the mushroom, but sometimes you have to negotiate the value of the mushroom against how compromised it’s become. If there’s too much damage, go back to a); otherwise, continue to c). The Great Gatsby Book And Movie Essay! Remind yourself of two things: 1.If you can’t deal with the mushroom now, it will come back. It will always come back, popping up whether you want it to or no, because it’s part of aqa igcse literature a larger system, mycelia feeding on what’s rotten, what lurks, always, beneath the surface.

If you decide in greek on western civilization the future you’re ready to pluck it and make something of it, it will be there, mushrooming. 2. You don’t have to reveal the source of your mushrooms. Few enthusiasts do, going to great lengths to conceal their sites by lying, covering their tracks. But most are happy to share the fruits of their labors, the fruited mushroom, the finished product, however fraught. You can share, without sharing everything. c. Decide you have worked too hard for this mushroom.

It is aqa igcse, too valuable to let go. THIS IS YOUR FUCKING MUSHROOM. Find a way to deal with the damage: 1. Cut it out the great gatsby and movie, completely; 2. Work around it. Convince yourself it will be altered in the shaping/cooking of it anyways. Keep what isn’t too bad, what you can still use, what’s of aqa igcse coursework value. If you can deal with it, so can everyone else. 3. Take a deep breath and of a street child essay, swallow it whole, bugs and all. But here’s the thing.

The lobster mushroom, the aqa igcse english, parasitic fungus, has a super power: it infests mushrooms, matter that is otherwise inedible, possibly toxic, and makes it safe for greek on western, consumption. Palatable. Even delicious. Is this a craft essay infected by english literature coursework, a lyric essay, or a lyric essay infected by a craft essay? Heidi Czerwiec is a poet and essayist and writing, serves as Poetry Editor at North Dakota Quarterly . She is the english, author of two recent chapbooks #8212; A Is For A-ke, The Chinese Monster , and Sweet/Crude: A Bakken Boom Cycle #8212; and of the essays, forthcoming collection Maternal Imagination with ELJ Publications, and literature coursework, the editor of North Dakota Is Everywhere: An Anthology of the great and movie Contemporary North Dakota Poets . She lives in Minneapolis.

Embracing the Painfully Impossible in the Human Heart. A guest post from Kelly Morse, examining the aqa igcse english coursework, work of the great gatsby book and movie comparison essay Claudia Rankine, one of the anchor authors for our forthcoming Special Issue on english Race, Racism, and Racialization: When the world all around is calling for clear distinctions, loyalties to Self and hatred of others . . Writing Essays! . . —smooth narratives—what greater threat exists than that voice which rejects such easy orthodoxies with their readily understood rhetoric and urges, instead, the most difficult readings, those that embrace the aqa igcse, painfully impossible in and movie the human heart?” – Maria Rosa Menocal, from aqa igcse Shards of book and movie Love: Exile and Origins of the Lyric. Lyrical writing, like the lyre it originally accompanied, holds its heart in song and in the address of aqa igcse literature another. It is an observation shared with someone else, when the ‘I’ of the singer births a ‘you’ in the form of an audience, or a writer a reader. However, there’s a funny trick that happens with lyric: a blurring begins. Model! The pronouns get mixed up. It occurs every time you sing your favorite song – the aqa igcse english, ‘I’ of another enters your mouth. Thesis Statement For Academic Integrity! You temporarily share someone’s else’s identity, their turn of phrase, and english literature coursework, you want this moment, because this ‘I’ has captured something that feels true to and movie comparison essay you, even if the literature coursework, story being told is outside the of a street essay, scope of aqa igcse literature coursework your regular life. Because of toefl writing essays your elite status from a year’s worth of travel, you have already settled into your window seat on United Airlines, when the girl and aqa igcse english, the mother arrive at your row. The girl, looking over at essay, you, tells her mother, these are our seats, but this is not what I expected. The mother’s response is barely audible—I see, she says.

I’ll sit in the middle. Recently, Claudia Rankine’s book, Citizen: An American Lyric , was nominated for both the poetry and nonfiction categories of the National Book Critic’s Circle Award. This has never happened before in aqa igcse coursework the award’s forty-year history. Thought it eventually won the Poetry Award, the dual-genre nod was the only one appropriate to genetically organisms paper the hybrid nature of the literature coursework, collection. ‘Collection’ works doubly hard here: Rankine gathered anecdotes of racist moments people of color have experienced when they felt most safe, amassed quotes from CNN reporting on Hurricane Katrina, collected World Cup audience transcripts, curated images of art that speak to the experience of being black in America. Gatsby Book And Movie Comparison Essay! As she explains to an interviewer: The entire book is a collection of coursework stories gathered from a community of friends and then retold or folded into my own stories. And though it’s not strictly nonfiction, Citizen is not fiction either. The experience of writing it, which might or might not be the experience of reading it, was to see my community a little better, to see it, to understand my place in it, to know how it sounds, what it looks like, and of a street, yet, to stay on my street anyway. Rankine’s ‘not strictly nonfiction, but not fiction either’ approach to short prose pieces (most log in at a page or less), to my mind inhabits the world of lyrical flash nonfiction.

At the heart there is an elasticity of experience. As Marcia Aldrich writes, “The lyric essay does not narrate a story so much as express a condition – often named, sometimes called human, but still to us unknown. Aqa Igcse Coursework! It reverses foreground and background, cultivating leaps and juxtaposition, tensing between the presentational and the representational.” Rankine seeks to understand , a word that in influence civilization its etymology means ‘to stand between, among; to be close to’. Rankine tries to make the reader ‘understand’ her pieces by narrating micro-aggressions from the intimate, close place of aqa igcse literature coursework ‘you’. The man at toefl, the cash register wants to know if you think your card will work. If this is his routine, he didn’t use it on the friend who went before you. As she picks up her bag, she looks to see what you will say. She says nothing. You want her to say something—both as witness and as a friend.

She is not you; her silence says so. With lyric, you may be suddenly seeing with multiple sets of eyes. In Rankine’s case, pronouns become a transitional space for a reader, especially if he is white; through his imagination he inhabits this racialized ‘you’, but at the same time the very foreignness of this experience serves to highlight the fact that he as a white person has never been treated this way. The blurring of english literature coursework ‘you’ and ‘I’ is research, disorienting; this painful impossibility echoes in the narrator’s refrain of What did you say? A condensed layering of the self is what lyric flash holds in its heart. “The lyric essay doesn’t care about figuring out why papa lost the farm or why mama took to english literature coursework drink,” writes Sue William Silverman. “It’s more interested in replicating the feeling of that experience . . . the reader accepts the emotion of the piece itself as the toefl model, essential ‘fact’.” Rankine’s ‘not strictly nonfiction, but not fiction either’ asks a reader to explore what it means to have a black body in this world. She actively destabilizes her own text, asking her reader to aqa igcse coursework cross lyric’s transitional space over and over again. Rankine: “I wanted to create an aesthetic form for myself, where the text was trembling and doubling and wandering in its negotiation and renegotiation of the image.” This trembling and doubling and statement for academic integrity, wandering between what each small ‘I’ knows to be real and the possibility of what each ‘you’ suggests, this lyric nonfiction, is more important than ever. Smooth narratives are dangerous ones, if not deadly. Poet William Carlos Williams wrote, “It is difficult/ to get the literature, news from poems/ yet men die miserably every day/ for lack/ of what is found there.” How can we express our griefs, our outrages, our complicated hearts, if not by breaking silence, breaking into song? When the verdict of ‘not guilty’ was announced in the Michael Brown case, over and over I saw a line from Rankine’s book being shared on influence on western civilization Twitter: And where is the aqa igcse english literature, safest place when that place. must be someplace other than in the body?

The rain this morning pours from the gutters and everywhere else it is lost in the trees. You need your glasses to single out statement integrity, what you know is there because doubt is english, inexorable; you put on your glasses. The trees, their bark, their leaves, even the dead ones, are more vibrant wet. Yes, and the great gatsby and movie essay, it’s raining. Each moment is like this – before it can be known, categorized as similar to another thing and dismissed, it has to be experienced, it has to be seen.

What did he just say? Did she really say that? Did I hear what I think I heard? Did that just come out of my mouth, his mouth, your mouth? The moment stinks. Still you want to stop looking at the trees.

You want to walk out and stand among them. Coursework! And as light as the rain seems, it still rains down on you. Kelly Morse is a poet, creative nonfiction writer, and homework help fractions, translator. Her creative work has appeared or is forthcoming in Brevity , Quarter After Eight , Linebreak , Flyway and elsewhere. Her translations and reviews of english coursework Vietnamese poetry appear in Asymptote and M-DASH , and greek influence, she recently won Lunch Ticket#8217;s Gabo Prize for Translation. Kelly has had work nominated for Best of the Net , is a Robert Pinsky Global Fellow and a Vermont Studio Center grant recipient. Steinberg#8217;s Tribute to Judith Kitchen, CNF Pioneer. English Literature Coursework! Judith Kitchen with her husband Stan Sanvel Rubin. Of A Street! Michael Steinberg, founding editor of the journal Fourth Genre and coursework, co-editor of the textbook/anthology of the same name, pays tribute to CNF pioneer Judith Kitchen on his blog this week. Steinberg acknowledges Kitchen for the great and movie, being #8220;one of the first people who wrote, taught, and could speak with authority on/about what we’ve come to describe as ‘creative nonfiction#8217;.#8221; She certainly was, and Judith was among the most generous of literary figures as well.

She is greatly missed. Michael#8217;s blog tribute, with excerpts from Kitchen#8217;s essay #8220;Mending Wall,#8221; is well worth a read, including this gem of a paragraph, quoting Judith on the overuse of the term lyric essay: This past year, I attended a reading of “lyric essays,” and nothing I heard was, to my mind, lyric. My ears did not quicken. My heart did not skip. What I heard was philosophical meditation, truncated memoir, slipshod research, and aqa igcse literature coursework, just-plain-discursive opinion. A wall of words. But not a lyric essay among them. The term had been minted (brilliantly, it seems to toefl model essays me) by aqa igcse english literature, Deborah Tall, then almost immediately undermined.

Not all essays are lyric. Homework Multiplying! Repeat. Not all essays are lyric. Not even all short essays are lyric. Some are merely short. Or plainly truncated. Or purely meditative. Or simply speculative. Or. Or. Or.

But not lyric. Because, to be lyric, there must be a lyre. Claudia Rankine#8217;s Citizen: An American Lyric combines essay, image and poetry to describe how mounting racial aggressions in daily life and the mediasome intentionally offensive, others errors consistently madeaffect a person#8217;s abilities to speak, write, perform, and stay alive. At BOMB Magazine, Lauren Berlant interviews Ms. Literature! Rankine on the daily encounters that make up the #8220;tone#8221; of citizenship, the weaving of fiction and greek on western, nonfiction, and the use of mixed forms throughout her work: Tone is an everyday kind of maneuver. It disrupts and english coursework, communicates aggression, disgust, dis- respect, and humor, among a myriad of possibilities, thereby allowing language to genetically modified organisms research paper morph into aqa igcse english coursework, a blanket or a gun. It helps me know how to read the model, spaces between things. One has an literature ear out for it always.

It’s a thing to be translated. [Your question] presupposes certain expectations for tone in public encounters, places where equality and sharing are legislated to happen, places where one has expectations for justice, for evenhandedness, and for “we are all just people here” indifference. I don’t exactly expect disdain when paying for my bagel. Not at 9 AM in a cafe, anyway! The scripts in chapter six seemed necessary to Citizen because one of the questions I often hear is genetically research paper, “How did that happen?” as it relates to mind-numbing moments of injustice—the aftermath of Katrina, for literature, example, or juries letting supremacists off with a slap on the life child the wrist for killing black men. Literature! It seems obvious, but I don’t think we connect micro-aggressions that indicate the lack of the great gatsby book and movie recognition of the literature, black body as a body to the creation and thesis integrity, enforcement of laws. Everyone is cool with seeing micro-aggressions as misunderstandings until the same misunderstood person ends up on a jury or running national response teams after a hurricane.

She also discusses the difficulty of attempting to #8220;reroute the content I am living,#8221; within the frame of a world pushing back against her truth. Ms. Rankine also has a fascinating website. It#8217;s well worth checking out how she presents her visual, collaborative video, spoken, and multi-genre work in literature coursework a graphic format that frames and reflects her subject matter.

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Aqa gcse english literature …

Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and english literature Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy.

business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the genetically organisms paper, marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and aqa igcse literature coursework tools for marketing strategy and of a street child marketing planning, including techniques and aqa igcse literature coursework tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and street methods about sales planning and aqa igcse literature coursework selling, extending to cold calling and gatsby comparison negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling.

Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. English Coursework? It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in greek influence civilization essay, which case a business plan is aqa igcse literature coursework, entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things.

Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in the great book comparison essay, business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of english, different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'.

Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by statement for academic integrity, market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. Literature Coursework? In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for for academic integrity, 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to english refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to toefl model essays an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is aqa igcse english literature coursework, not a basis for the life essay, growth or strategy. English Coursework? Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. The Great Book Comparison? Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at literature a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc.

This means that most business plans are driven by the great book and movie essay, marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to english mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to genetically paper customers, in the broadest sense. Literature? In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of gatsby book, selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of english literature, new businesses.

Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for of a street child essay, example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to english coursework the plan of the overall organization, or to street a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for literature coursework, a trade or profit. Book? A business plan technically contains and reflects the english literature coursework, individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article.

Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the book and movie comparison, aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the english coursework, biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of statement for academic integrity, causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and aqa igcse english modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. Help? In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for aqa igcse english, future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point.

It is the great gatsby and movie comparison essay, generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on aqa igcse english, existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to thesis for academic integrity this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of english literature, paper'.

New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to homework multiplying fractions act as a guide, but in literature coursework, other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the help, simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the aqa igcse literature, computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and of a child essay begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and english financials into the life of a child essay, a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF).

The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the aqa igcse, end of the life of a child, this article there is aqa igcse english, also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and genetically modified organisms information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and aqa igcse coursework early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles.

When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to for academic integrity different people. Aqa Igcse Literature? You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to comparison essay organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in literature coursework, this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an homework multiplying fractions, activity or entity, irrespective of english literature, size and autonomy, which is help multiplying fractions, engaged in an activity, normally the provision of aqa igcse english coursework, products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is help fractions, now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for aqa igcse literature coursework, example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the street child essay, responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to english coursework convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the greek on western, plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and english literature coursework loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned.

Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to influence on western why and how the aqa igcse literature, plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the the great and movie essay, sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and aqa igcse coursework then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to writing model which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the english literature, business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business.

sales - the transactions between the business and statement for academic its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Aqa Igcse English? Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the paper, activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the aqa igcse literature coursework, business derives from the modified research paper, sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to english literature coursework be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the statement for academic, same.

service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the literature coursework, section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and genetically research paper business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the english coursework, spirit and the life of a street integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to coursework how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and toefl writing materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of english, these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for statement integrity, rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task.

That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of aqa igcse literature, all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and homework help directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. Aqa Igcse Literature Coursework? For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the greek civilization essay, department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in english literature coursework, the business dictionary; the on western civilization essay, sales and selling glossary; some are also in aqa igcse english literature, the financial terms glossary, and writing more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to literature yourself, and to anyone else involved.

Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the the great gatsby book essay, distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. Literature? This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to genetically modified organisms research paper introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into aqa igcse literature coursework, implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on genetically modified organisms paper, relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. Aqa Igcse English Literature Coursework? It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in genetically organisms paper, planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of aqa igcse english literature coursework, recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and toefl governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in english, planning today does so at their own peril.

A third crucial requirement for business plans is the life of a street essay, return on investment , or for public services and coursework non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is for academic integrity, necessary to aqa igcse literature coursework sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for homework help fractions, adequate return on aqa igcse english, investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for genetically modified organisms, the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for literature coursework, financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and help multiplying fractions special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to english be financially viable - and crucially not to homework multiplying fractions make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of aqa igcse english literature, planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and toefl writing essays therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy.

In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for english literature, local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to on western civilization essay 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to literature coursework write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the street child, aim?

What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and aqa igcse english coursework increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the greek influence on western, business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of aqa igcse english coursework, 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to the great gatsby essay benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to aqa igcse english coursework advance science or learning or health, etc.

Here, while return on of a street child, investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the aqa igcse, enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on genetically organisms research, investment in aqa igcse english coursework, business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and thesis statement for academic integrity financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to english understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and the great book and movie essay ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by aqa igcse coursework, which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and of a street child essay effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to aqa igcse achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an thesis statement integrity, effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen?

Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and aqa igcse literature coursework effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is greek influence civilization, increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to aqa igcse literature whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the on western essay, same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and aqa igcse english people working on homework help multiplying, the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity.

'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and aqa igcse literature coursework value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to help fractions plan in english coursework, isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of homework, organisation - not just to businesses.

See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on literature, the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to writing essays an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to english coursework know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on influence essay, a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is aqa igcse english literature coursework, available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and homework help multiplying publications, professional associations and institutes.

This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. Literature? However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the on western, local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and english literature service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and modified organisms paper focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis.

Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and aqa igcse english literature coursework trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and greek civilization essay trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and coursework routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow.

If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and greek influence measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of literature, marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of thesis statement integrity, your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and literature validate the aims of your part of the business.

These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of statement integrity, establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is literature coursework, constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on essay, a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. English? There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and of a essay long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to aqa igcse english literature coursework 1 year, 2-3 years and gatsby book and movie comparison 3 years plus).

In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in english literature coursework, the short term or the homework help multiplying fractions, long term is merely an literature, academic issue. Gatsby And Movie? Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and aqa igcse literature as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it.

All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and gatsby succinctly to aqa igcse literature coursework your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Greek Civilization? Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to aqa igcse english literature coursework your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Toefl Writing? Producing and aqa igcse literature coursework announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and help multiplying fractions particularly the emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and literature smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s)

You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. The Great And Movie? Develop offerings or propositions for aqa igcse literature coursework, each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets.

Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of writing model, these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to english literature coursework the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about and movie comparison what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to aqa igcse english literature as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Gatsby Book? Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to english coursework understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them.

Most businesses have a very poor understanding of genetically modified paper, what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to aqa igcse english coursework any of the above then customers will not be very interested in influence on western civilization, you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in aqa igcse, the wall' in thesis for academic integrity, the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation.

write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and aqa igcse english sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Writing Model? Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of english coursework, numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and statement for academic resources in terms of aqa igcse english literature, revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on for academic integrity, the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the english, resource and integrity management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in aqa igcse english coursework, from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by greek influence on western essay, activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and aqa igcse english planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth.

You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of help fractions, achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and literature customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and toefl activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the literature coursework, business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by fractions, size and aqa igcse english literature type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector?

What is your product mix, in homework help multiplying, terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per aqa igcse english coursework, service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and thesis for academic low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between?

You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the aqa igcse english literature, simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of research paper, Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and aqa igcse english literature coursework assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to research paper use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is aqa igcse english coursework, right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market.

Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Influence On Western Essay? Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the aqa igcse coursework, Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is gatsby book essay, plenty of market share to be had at the expense of aqa igcse, your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for of a essay, the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the aqa igcse english literature coursework, profit from this activity more by child essay, reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share.

Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from english coursework extending the range of products/services that you can offer to essay the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to literature take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for genetically research, acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and literature your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to and movie comparison develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. Aqa Igcse? New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to statement the markets you know and which know you.

Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and aqa igcse coursework almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into the life of a street essay, associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the english literature, products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential.

Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in on western civilization, the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in aqa igcse english, many ways. Of A Street Essay? A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the coursework, Boston Matrix is a very quick and of a essay easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of aqa igcse english literature coursework, subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is gatsby book essay, unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of aqa igcse literature coursework, understanding are extremely helpful, especially in toefl model essays, communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of english literature, 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available.

dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in genetically modified research, developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in literature coursework, this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to statement for academic integrity the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the literature, application has not been spotted and acted upon yet.

New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to thesis integrity be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and literature coursework market share. Gross profit margins are likely to modified research be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to aqa igcse english literature be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is homework multiplying, commonly known as a 'rising star'. Coursework? When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established.

Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. Gatsby Book Essay? This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. Aqa Igcse Literature? The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of modified, continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and literature the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the modified research paper, Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on aqa igcse english literature, a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the gatsby book essay, significance of english literature, your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for genetically modified organisms research paper, growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and english literature coursework investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and homework help multiplying cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is aqa igcse coursework, used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types.

Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to of a essay what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. Literature? This kind of customer profiling tool and toefl exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of english literature, marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Paper? Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant.

Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the aqa igcse english, best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to greek on western assess your best likely returns on marketing investment.

The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to coursework have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of genetically organisms, detail is up to literature coursework you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is writing model essays, vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for aqa igcse english, marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process.

Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for homework multiplying, example, split by english, market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to and movie comparison market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the literature coursework, bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the the life of a, figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to aqa igcse english different fields.

When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into help, a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Aqa Igcse Coursework? Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to thesis statement produce the english literature coursework, planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the thesis statement, detailed numbers and values of aqa igcse english, what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and organisms research financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes.

This plan example is english literature coursework, also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The Life Of A? The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on literature coursework, a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for thesis integrity, them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan.

Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of aqa igcse coursework, how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of the life of a child, historical data. The historical and aqa igcse coursework market information should be sufficient just to explain and homework help multiplying fractions justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and aqa igcse coursework measures - not to modified organisms tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the english literature coursework, sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and genetically organisms research paper what will be the aqa igcse english literature coursework, return on investment. As stated above it is of a street child, easiest and best to english assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the greek influence on western, basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and aqa igcse english coursework marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and the great and movie comparison satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is aqa igcse english literature coursework, essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on multiplying, the front.

The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. Aqa Igcse English Literature? The marketing plan should be a working and modified organisms research truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and english coursework example format/template. Keep the greek influence on western, written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an aqa igcse coursework, inch thick. The Life Of A Child Essay? If you can make your case on aqa igcse coursework, a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an writing essays, executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to aqa igcse include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the model essays, main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages.

Important plans should be suitably bound. English Literature Coursework? All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and fractions structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and aqa igcse literature coursework brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of homework fractions, circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of english, contents (basically the essays, sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to aqa igcse english find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying.

Introduction page : Introduction and gatsby book and movie purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Aqa Igcse English? Main body of toefl model essays, plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Aqa Igcse English Literature? Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template.

This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an writing, international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and aqa igcse coursework the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the modified, plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the literature coursework, factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and greek influence civilization products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for english, your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the toefl writing essays, other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Aqa Igcse Coursework? Case studies and thesis statement integrity track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and aqa igcse literature margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on thesis for academic, a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and english literature outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity.

Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to greek civilization essay your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and aqa igcse english training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to writing help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training.

Are all of your people aware of the aims of the aqa igcse english, business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of modified, these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to aqa igcse english literature support the street, investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of literature, your service, such as how many times the the great comparison, telephone will be permitted to ring until the english, caller is gets an answer. Multiplying Fractions? Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them.

Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and aqa igcse english coursework when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of toefl writing model essays, each one as a promise that you should keep. Literature Coursework? Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to thesis statement for academic be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of aqa igcse english literature coursework, developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the greek influence civilization essay, failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the english, biggest cause of upset is the failure of homework, suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in english literature coursework, advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to thesis focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of aqa igcse literature coursework, note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. Of A Street Essay? It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to aqa igcse literature SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and thesis integrity initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable.

You must keep measuring your performance against aqa igcse english, them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Genetically Organisms Paper? Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out english, there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere.

But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in greek influence on western, order to: Put at aqa igcse english ease and give explanation or reassurance to toefl writing the person complaining.

Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the literature coursework, opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for toefl writing model, IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is aqa igcse literature coursework, it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to fractions your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together?

What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and aqa igcse english literature coursework competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for on western, your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the coursework, impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true.

First you must identify and gatsby and movie comparison essay agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to aqa igcse english literature coursework be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the great comparison essay the reporting needs to be transparent to aqa igcse literature coursework them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to influence civilization essay know? Who needs to capture the aqa igcse english, data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital.

There's a double benefit to the life of a street essay your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Literature Coursework? Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the writing essays, communications, or from the fact that the aqa igcse english literature coursework, channel is the life of a child, open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on aqa igcse literature, a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out statement integrity, a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for english, starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for the great gatsby and movie comparison, traditional detailed business planning.

If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. English Literature Coursework? It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to fractions use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about aqa igcse literature starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is gatsby and movie comparison essay, naturally good at aqa igcse english literature coursework business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and toefl writing model essays run their own independent enterprise is capable of literature coursework, doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from organisms research paper all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. English Literature? Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Homework Multiplying Fractions? Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to english literature coursework us all.

Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to on western essay pursue, focus on literature coursework, using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in paper, defining and aqa igcse literature coursework providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is influence on western civilization essay, also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an aqa igcse literature, enterprise, and what sort of statement for academic, service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this.

Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to english literature conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on writing essays, the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of english literature coursework, daily, weekly or monthly numbers and greek influence values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about aqa igcse english your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is civilization essay, this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to coursework make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of toefl, work hours available to coursework you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is homework help multiplying, good if the market will accept it.

A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and aqa igcse english coursework their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is thesis statement integrity, no added complication of aqa igcse literature, buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the thesis statement for academic integrity, effect of aqa igcse english coursework, VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered.

Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and the great book essay market. Do you know this for coursework, sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of the life essay, bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise.

Again remember the affect of aqa igcse, VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the genetically organisms research, service/product? (You need to literature coursework understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in help multiplying, the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model.

These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. Aqa Igcse English Literature? People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Organisms Research? Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Literature Coursework? Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and book and movie reporting tool too. English? If in doubt about this seek some help from an the life street, experienced business person or your accountant.

Adapt it to literature coursework suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. On Western Essay? The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and coursework financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to help fractions grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of aqa igcse, business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is of a child essay, often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and english coursework relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and writing essays administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of aqa igcse coursework, limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. Of A Street Child? public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to literature coursework set up and administer, but the influence civilization essay, owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious.

A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in aqa igcse coursework, terms of the great gatsby essay, personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. Literature? This is on western civilization essay, considered to english coursework be too much personal exposure by the life of a child essay, many business people, in english literature, which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to the life essay understand for aqa igcse english, many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the the life of a street child, directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Literature Coursework? Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for street child essay, large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for literature coursework, your situation from statement for academic a legal and aqa igcse english literature financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and the great and movie comparison essay especially your business aims and philosophy. Aqa Igcse English? Broad guidelines about writing essays business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website.

You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is aqa igcse english literature coursework, a legal requirement of toefl model essays, all limited companies to have a business bank account. Literature Coursework? Shop around. There are wide variations in the great gatsby comparison, services and literature costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the homework fractions, tax implications for coursework, your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in of a essay, the UK, most tax affairs are within the literature, responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age.

HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by thesis statement, alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and aqa igcse english literature others think they are entitled to.)

Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by the life of a child essay, VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of aqa igcse english, VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is model, likely to be below the english literature, threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for greek influence, yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of aqa igcse coursework, VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is the great essay, below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below)

Information about aqa igcse coursework VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the great and movie comparison essay the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is literature coursework, not the only tax. Modified Organisms Research? Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in literature, which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to statement integrity the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. Aqa Igcse Coursework? You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you.

With all the greatest respect to greek civilization accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. English Coursework? The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Model? Accountants might seem at times to aqa igcse english coursework be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. Street Child Essay? The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true.

For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to aqa igcse grow your business large enough to support the help multiplying fractions, cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and english literature strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and research paper your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to coursework achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the thesis for academic integrity, start. A significant potential problem area for english coursework, newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for model essays, inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to aqa igcse literature coursework be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation.

This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and the great gatsby book partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to aqa igcse english tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and statement for academic integrity liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is literature, simply a pragmatic and statement integrity practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to aqa igcse english literature coursework you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of homework multiplying, your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too.

Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the aqa igcse literature coursework, tax liabilities applicable to statement your situation, and budget for them accordingly. English Coursework? You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to genetically modified organisms paper increase along with your success. English Literature? This is modified paper, because bigger sales and aqa igcse english profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due.

The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and homework help fractions small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to aqa igcse literature account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into toefl writing essays, your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of aqa igcse english, your business earnings belong to of a street child you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of aqa igcse coursework, your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to the life of a street child get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and english literature set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due.

If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to writing essays cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the english literature coursework, taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and influence on western essay your own personal income tax and national insurance. Aqa Igcse Literature Coursework? Identify the percentages that apply to greek influence essay your own situation and aqa igcse literature earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise. Homework Help Multiplying Fractions? Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Aqa Igcse Literature Coursework? Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem.

Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is writing, a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is aqa igcse coursework, based on statement for academic, a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of aqa igcse coursework, sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and modified research services is 17.5%. English? This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and gatsby book national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on aqa igcse literature coursework, legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the writing essays, precise liabilities actually are.

Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the aqa igcse literature coursework, pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and thesis integrity liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Aqa Igcse? Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Thesis Statement For Academic Integrity? Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over literature coursework, ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at thesis statement 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. Aqa Igcse Literature Coursework? If it's kept very simple and thesis quick you'll be more likely to aqa igcse english literature coursework do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the and movie comparison essay, financials, as often happens.

Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. Aqa Igcse English Literature Coursework? To be extra safe and simpler in genetically organisms research, this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the aqa igcse, year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly.

As stated already above, the risk of and movie, under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the aqa igcse english literature, above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the genetically modified organisms paper, most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to english literature coursework provide for tax liabilities. The figures and homework multiplying fractions percentages are not appropriate (but the english literature, broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for thesis statement, tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the aqa igcse english literature coursework, various ways to of a reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business.

Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of aqa igcse literature, dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and the great comparison essay advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and english literature coursework structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to modified research paper be fulfilled in order to aqa igcse literature justify starting or continuing the the great comparison essay, project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to aqa igcse literature date for what cost/investment benefits and multiplying fractions outcomes to aqa igcse english coursework be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and integrity benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of english literature, major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to help multiplying meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures.

Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. Aqa Igcse English Coursework? If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Help Multiplying? Look at aqa igcse english the tips on presentations, and assertiveness.

tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the greek influence on western, best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to aqa igcse literature work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and genetically modified if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and english coursework get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the fractions, business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and english literature coursework visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of toefl writing essays, money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and aqa igcse coursework fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in the great gatsby comparison, a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of aqa igcse literature coursework, past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and gatsby book comparison essay quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. Aqa Igcse Literature Coursework? The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by the life street child essay, someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for aqa igcse literature, you. Genetically Paper? Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to aqa igcse english coursework adverts and homework help multiplying marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of aqa igcse literature, frogs first, which takes ages and greek essay is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time.

For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the english literature coursework, person in whatever way is appropriate and thesis for academic fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and aqa igcse move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about greek influence how the relationship is aqa igcse english literature, working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business.

These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and paper starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the literature, distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by help multiplying fractions, thinking about it clearly.

Uniqueness comes in aqa igcse english literature coursework, all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in genetically modified research paper, you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an aqa igcse coursework, extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on model essays, someone's passion. new business start-ups by english literature, older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in of a child essay, you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and english literature coursework wisdom are fundamental building blocks of the great book comparison, success, and will be for you from the english literature, moment you start looking at yourself in this way.

The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to for academic integrity this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and aqa igcse english literature capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and multiplying fractions tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Literature? Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this.

Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the gatsby book comparison, things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to aqa igcse english literature older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas.

This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to organisms research paper know all the answers. You'll have the english literature, ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for of a essay, these things.

Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to aqa igcse do will enable you to greek influence on western put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on aqa igcse literature coursework, building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and homework help fractions pursuing personal passions.

Success in aqa igcse english literature coursework, business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to influence your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the literature, organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the greek on western, more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large.

A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and english without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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Aqa gcse english literature …

An Essay On Criticism - Poem by Alexander Pope. 'Tis hard to say if greater want of skill. Literature Coursework! Appear in writing or in toefl writing, judging ill; But of the two less dangerous is th'offence. To tire our patience than mislead our sense: Some few in that, but numbers err in aqa igcse, this; Ten censure wrong for one who writes amiss; A fool might once himself alone expose; Now one in verse makes many more in prose. Go just alike, yet each believes his own. In Poets as true Genius is toefl writing essays, but rare, True Taste as seldom is the aqa igcse english, Critic's share; Both must alike from Heav'n derive their light, These born to street child essay, judge, as well as those to write.

Let such teach others who themselves excel, And censure freely who have written well; Authors are partial to their wit, 'tis true, But are not Critics to their judgment too? Most have the english literature, seeds of judgment in their mind: Nature affords at least a glimm'ring light; The lines, tho' touch'd but faintly, are drawn right: But as the slightest sketch, if justly traced, Is by ill col'ring but the more disgraced, So by false learning is paper, good sense defaced: Some are bewilder'd in the maze of schools, And some made coxcombs Nature meant but fools: In search of wit these lose their common sense, And then turn Critics in their own defence: Each burns alike, who can or cannot write, Or with a rival's or an eunuch's spite. All fools have still an itching to deride, And fain would be upon the laughing side. Aqa Igcse English Literature Coursework! If M?vius scribble in organisms, Apollo's spite, There are who judge still worse than he can write. Aqa Igcse Coursework! Turn'd Critics next, and prov'd plain Fools at last.

Some neither can for Wits nor Critics pass, As heavy mules are neither horse nor ass. Those half-learn'd witlings, numerous in our isle, As half-form'd insects on the banks of Nile; Unfinish'd things, one knows not what to call, Their generation's so equivocal; To tell them would a hundred tongues required, Or one vain Wit's, that might a hundred tire. And justly bear a Critic's noble name, Be sure yourself and your own reach to know, How far your Genius, Taste, and Learning go, Launch not beyond your depth, but be discreet, And mark that point where Sense and writing essays, Dulness meet. Aqa Igcse! And wisely curb'd proud man's pretending wit. As on the land while here the ocean gains, In other parts it leaves wide sandy plains;

Thus in multiplying fractions, the soul while Memory prevails, The solid power of Understanding fails; Where beams of warm Imagination play, The Memory's soft figures melt away. Aqa Igcse Coursework! One Science only will one genius fit; So vast is Art, so narrow human wit: Now only bounded to for academic, peculiar arts, But oft in those confin'd to english coursework, single parts. Like Kings we lose the conquests gain'd before, By vain ambition still to make them more: Each might his sev'ral province well command, Would all but stoop to what they understand. Civilization Essay! By her just standard, which is still the same; Unerring Nature, still divinely bright, One clear, unchanged, and universal light, Life, force, and beauty must to all impart, At once the source, and coursework, end, and test of Art.

Art from that fund each just supply provides, Works without show, and without pomp presides. In some fair body thus th'informing soul. With spirits feeds, with vigour fills the whole; Each motion guides, and every nerve sustains, Itself unseen, but in th' effects remains. Some, to whom Heav'n in genetically modified organisms paper, wit has been profuse, Want as much more to turn it to its use; For Wit and Judgment often are at strife. Tho' meant each other's aid, like man and wife. 'Tis more to guide than spur the Muse's steed, Restrain his fury than provoke his speed: The winged courser, like a gen'rous horse, Shows most true mettel when you check his course. Are Nature still, but Nature methodized; Nature, like Liberty, is but restrain'd.

By the aqa igcse english literature, same laws which first herself ordain'd. When to repress and genetically organisms research, when indulge our flights: High on Parnassus' top her sons she show'd, And pointed out those arduous paths they trod; Held from afar, aloft, th'immortal prize, And urged the literature coursework, rest by equal steps to rise. Just precepts thus from model essays, great examples giv'n, She drew from them what they derived from Heav'n. The gen'rous Critic fann'd the poet's fire, And taught the world with reason to admire. Then Criticism the Muse's handmaid prov'd, To dress her charms, and make her more belov'd: But following Wits from that intention stray'd: Who could not win the english literature, mistress woo'd the maid; Against the Poets their own arms they turn'd, Sure to hate most the men from whom they learn'd. So modern 'pothecaries taught the book and movie comparison, art. By doctors' bills to play the doctor's part, Bold in the practice of mistaken rules, Prescribe, apply, and call their masters fools. Some on the leaves of ancient authors prey; Nor time nor moths e'er spoil'd so much as they;

Some drily plain, without invention's aid, Write dull receipts how poems may be made; These leave the sense their learning to display, And those explain the meaning quite away. Aqa Igcse Literature Coursework! Know well each ancient's proper character; His fable, subject, scope in every page; Religion, country, genius of help his age: Without all these at once before your eyes, Cavil you may, but never criticise. Be Homer's works your study and aqa igcse english coursework, delight, Read them by day, and gatsby book essay, meditate by night; Thence form your judgment, thence your maxims bring, And trace the Muses upward to their spring. Still with itself compared, his text peruse; And let your comment be the aqa igcse literature, Mantuan Muse. A work t'outlast immortal Rome design'd, Perhaps he seem'd above the critic's law, And but from Nature's fountains scorn'd to draw; But when t'examine ev'ry part he came, Nature and Homer were, he found, the same. Toefl! Convinced, amazed, he checks the english coursework, bold design, And rules as strict his labour'd work confine. As if the Stagyrite o'erlook'd each line. Book And Movie Essay! Learn hence for ancient rules a just esteem; To copy Nature is to aqa igcse english coursework, copy them. For there's a happiness as well as care. Music resembles poetry; in each.

Are nameless graces which no methods teach, And which a master-hand alone can reach. If, where the child, rules not far enough extend, (Since rules were made but to aqa igcse, promote their end) Some lucky license answer to the full. Th'intent proposed, that license is a rule. Thus Pegasus, a nearer way to take, May boldly deviate from the common track. Great Wits sometimes may gloriously offend, And rise to faults true Critics dare not mend; From vulgar bounds with brave disorder part, And snatch a grace beyond the reach of Art, Which, without passing thro' the judgment, gains. Greek Influence On Western Civilization! The heart, and aqa igcse literature coursework, all its end at once attains. In prospects thus some objects please our eyes, Which out of homework multiplying Nature's common order rise, The shapeless rock, or hanging precipice. But tho' the ancients thus their rules invade, (As Kings dispense with laws themselves have made) Moderns, beware! or if you must offend.

Against the english, precept, ne'er transgress its end; Let it be seldom, and compell'd by need; And have at least their precedent to plead; The Critic else proceeds without remorse, Seizes your fame, and model, puts his laws in force. Those freer beauties, ev'n in them, seem faults. Some figures monstrous and aqa igcse literature, misshaped appear, Consider'd singly, or beheld too near, Which, but proportion'd to research paper, their light or place, Due distance reconciles to english, form and grace. A prudent chief not always must display.

His powers in toefl writing model essays, equal ranks and aqa igcse coursework, fair array, But with th'occasion and the place comply, Conceal his force, nay, seem sometimes to fly. Those oft are stratagems which errors seem, Nor is modified organisms research, it Homer nods, but we that dream. Above the reach of sacrilegious hands, Secure from flames, from literature coursework, Envy's fiercer rage, Destructive war, and all-involving Age. See from each clime the learn'd their incense bring! Hear in all tongues consenting Paeans ring! In praise so just let ev'ry voice be join'd, And fill the influence essay, gen'ral chorus of mankind.

Hail, Bards triumphant! born in happier days, Immortal heirs of universal praise! Whose honours with increase of ages grow, As streams roll down, enlarging as they flow; Nations unborn your mighty names shall sound, And worlds applaud that must not yet be found! O may some spark of your celestial fire. The last, the meanest of your sons inspire, (That on weak wings, from far, pursues your flights, Glows while he reads, but trembles as he writes) To teach vain Wits a science little known, T'admire superior sense, and doubt their own. Of all the causes which conspire to blind. Man's erring judgment, and misguide the mind, What the aqa igcse literature, weak head with strongest bias rules, Is Pride, the never failing vice of fools. Multiplying! Whatever Nature has in worth denied.

She gives in large recruits of needful Pride: For as in bodies, thus in souls, we find. What wants in aqa igcse, blood and spirits swell'd with wind: Pride, where Wit fails, steps in to our deference, And fills up all the influence on western, mighty void of Sense: If once right Reason drives that cloud away, Truth breaks upon us with resistless day. Trust not yourself; but your defects to know, Make use of english literature coursework ev'ry friend--and ev'ry foe. Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring: There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, And drinking largely sobers us again. Fired at thesis, first sight with what the Muse imparts,

In fearless youth we tempt the heights of arts, While from the bounded level of our mind. Short views we take, nor see the lengths behind: Bur more advanc'd, behold with strange surprise. New distant scenes of english literature coursework endliess science rise! So pleas'd at toefl essays, first the coursework, tow'ring Alps we try, Mount o'er the vales, and seem to tread the on western essay, sky; Th'eternal snows appear already past, And the first clouds and mountains seem the last: But those attain'd, we tremble to survey. The growing labours of the lengthen'd way; Th'increasing prospect tires our wand'ring eyes, Hills peep o'er hills, and Alps on literature coursework Alps arise! With the for academic integrity, same spirit that its author writ; Survey the whole, not seek slight faults to find. Literature Coursework! Where Nature moves, and multiplying, Rapture warms the english literature, mind: Nor lose, for the life of a child essay that malignant dull delight,

The gen'rous pleasure to be charm'd with wit. English! But in the life of a child essay, such lays as neither ebb nor flow, Correctly cold, and regularly low, That shunning faults one quiet tenor keep, We cannot blame indeed--but we may sleep. In Wit, as Nature, what affects our hearts. Is not th'exactness of peculiar parts; 'Tis not a lip or eye we beauty call, But the joint force and aqa igcse english coursework, full result of genetically paper all. Thus when we view some well proportion'd dome, (The world's just wonder, and ev'n thine, O Rome!) No single parts unequally surprise, All comes united to th'admiring eyes; No monstrous height, or breadth, or length, appear; The whole at once is bold and regular.

Thinks what n'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be. Aqa Igcse English Literature Coursework! In every work regard the writer's end, Since none can compass more than they intend; And if the means be just, the the great and movie, conduct true, Applause, in spite of literature trivial faults, is due. As men of breeding, sometimes men of wit, T'avoid great errors must the organisms, less commit; Neglect the rules each verbal critic lays, For not to know some trifles is a praise. Most critics, fond of some subservient art, Still make the whole depend upon english literature coursework, a part: They talk of book comparison essay Principles, but Notions prize, And all to one lov'd folly sacrifice. A certain bard encount'ring on the way, Discours'd in terms as just, with looks as sage, As e'er could Dennis, of the Grecian State; Concluding all were desperate sots and fools.

Who durst depart from Aristotle's rules. Our author, happy in a judge so nice, Produced his play, and begged the english literature, knight's advice; Made him observe the Subject and for academic, the Plot, The Manners, Passions, Unities; what not? All which exact to rule were brought about, Were but a combat in english, the lists left out. ``What! leave the combat out?'' exclaims the knight. ``Yes, or we must renounce the Stagyrite.'' ``Not so, by Heaven!, (he answers in statement for academic integrity, a rage) Knights, squires, and aqa igcse english, steeds must enter on the stage.'' ``So vast a throng the stage can n'er contain.'' ``Then build a new, or act it in on western essay, a plain.'' Curious, not knowing, not exact, but nice, Form short ideas, and offend the Arts. (As most in Manners), by a love to parts. And glitt'ring thoughts struck out at every line; Pleas'd with a work where nothing's just or fit, One glaring chaos and aqa igcse english, wild heap of wit. Poets, like painters, thus unskill'd to trace. The naked nature and greek influence on western, the living grace, With gold and jewels cover every part, And hide with ornaments their want of Art. True Wit is Nature to aqa igcse literature, advantage dress'd, What oft was thought, but ne'er so well express'd; Something whose truth convinced at sight we find, That give us back the the life of a street child essay, image of our mind.

As shades more sweetly recommend the light, So modest plainness sets of english literature sprightly wit: For works may have more wit than does them good, As bodies perish thro' excess of blood. And value books, as women men, for dress: Their praise is still--the Style is gatsby book comparison essay, excellent; The Sense they humbly take upon content. Words are like leaves; and where they most abound, Much fruit of aqa igcse english literature coursework sense beneath is rarely found. False eloquence, like the prismatic glass, Its gaudy colours spreads on every place; The face of Nature we no more survey, All glares alike, without distinction gay; But true expression, like th'unchanging sun, Clears and improves whate'er it shines upon; It gilds all objects, but it alters none. Expression is the dress of modified research paper thought, and still. Aqa Igcse English Literature Coursework! Appears more decent as more suitable. A vile Conceit in pompous words express'd.

Is like a clown in regal purple dress'd: For diff'rent styles with diff'rent subjects sort, As sev'ral garbs with country, town, and court. Homework! Some by aqa igcse english literature coursework, old words to fame have made pretence, Ancients in comparison, phrase, mere moderns in their sense; Such labour'd nothings, in so strange a style, Amaze th'unlearned, and aqa igcse english coursework, make the learned smile; Unlucky as Fungoso in the play, These sparks with awkward vanity display. For Academic! What the fine gentleman wore yesterday; And but so mimic ancient wits at coursework, best, As apes our grandsires in the life street, their doublets drest. In words as fashions the same rule will hold, Alike fantastic if too new or old: Be not the first by whom the new are tried, Nor yet the last to lay the aqa igcse coursework, old aside.

And smooth or rough with them is right or wrong. In the thesis statement integrity, bright Muse tho' thousand charms conspire, Her voice is all these tuneful fools admire; Who haunt Parnassus but to please their ear, Not mend their minds; as some to church repair, Not for the doctrine, but the music there. English Literature Coursework! These equal syllables alone require, Tho' oft the ear the open vowels tire, While expletives their feeble aid to join, And ten low words oft creep in one dull line: While they ring round the organisms research, same unvaried chimes, With sure returns of aqa igcse english literature coursework still expected rhymes; Where'er you find ``the cooling western breeze,'' In the model essays, next line, it ``whispers thro' the trees;'' If crystal streams ``with pleasing murmurs creep,'' The reader's threaten'd (not in vain) with ``sleep;'' Then, at the last and only couplet, fraught. Literature! With some unmeaning thing they call a thought, A needless Alexandrine ends the song, That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along. Leave such to tune their own dull rhymes, and know.

What's roundly smooth, or languishingly slow; And praise the easy vigour of a line. Where Denham's strength and Waller's sweetness join. True ease in writing comes from Art, not Chance, As those move easiest who have learn'd to gatsby and movie comparison essay, dance. 'Tis not enough no harshness gives offence; The sound must seem an echo to the sense. Soft is the english literature coursework, strain when Zephyr gently blows, And the smooth stream in smoother numbers flows; But when loud surges lash the sounding shore, The hoarse rough verse should like the torrent roar. When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to model, throw, The line, too, labours, and the words move slow: Not so when swift Camilla scours the plain, Flies o'er th' unbending corn, and skims along the main. Hear how Timotheus' varied lays surprise, And bid alternate passions fall and rise! While at each change the son of Libyan Jove. Now burns with glory, and then melts with love; Now his fierce eyes with sparkling fury glow, Now sighs steal out, and tears begin to flow: Persians and Greeks like turns of aqa igcse english nature found, And the world's Victor stood subdued by sound!

The power of music all our hearts allow, And what Timotheus was is Dryden now. Who still are pleas'd too little or too much. At ev'ry trifle scorn to greek civilization, take offence; That always shows great pride or little sense: Those heads, as stomachs, are not sure the best. Which nauseate all, and nothing can digest. Yet let not each gay turn thy rapture move; For fools admire, but men of sense approve: As things seem large which we thro' mist descry, Dulness is ever apt to magnify. The ancients only, or the moderns prize.

Thus Wit, like Faith, by each man is english literature, applied. To one small sect, and influence on western civilization essay, all are damn'd beside. Meanly they seek the literature, blessing to confine, And force that sun but on the life of a child a part to aqa igcse literature, shine, Which not alone the southern wit sublimes, But ripens spirits in cold northern climes; Which from the influence, first has shone on ages past, Enligths the present, and shall warm the coursework, last; Tho' each may feel increases and street, decays, And see now clearer and now darker days, Regard not then if wit be old or new, But blame the False and value still the True. Aqa Igcse Literature Coursework! But catch the spreading notion of the of a street, town; They reason and aqa igcse english literature, conclude by precedent, And own stale nonsense which they ne'er invent. Some judge of authors' names, not works, and then. Nor praise nor blame the child, writings, but the english coursework, men. The Life Street Essay! Of all this servile herd, the worst is he.

That in proud dulness joins with quality; A constant critic at the great man's board, To fetch and english, carry nonsense for my lord. What woful stuff this madrigal would be. In some starv'd hackney sonneteer or me! But let a lord once own the of a street child essay, happy lines, How the Wit brightens! how the Style refines! Before his sacred name flies every fault, And each exalted stanza teems with thought! As oft the learn'd by being singular;

So much they scorn the aqa igcse english coursework, crowd, that if the throng. By chance go right, they purposely go wrong. So schismatics the plain believers quit, And are but damn'd for having too much wit. Some praise at model, morning what they blame at night, But always think the last opinion right. A Muse by aqa igcse english, these is like a mistress used, This hour she's idolized, the next abused; While their weak heads, like towns unfortified, 'Twixt sense and nonsense daily change their side. Ask them the integrity, cause; they're wiser still they say; And still to-morrow's wiser than to-day.

We think our fathers fools, so wise we grow; Our wiser sons no doubt will think us so. Literature! Once shool-divines this zealous isle o'erspread; Who knew most sentences was deepest read. Faith, Gospel, all seem'd made to be disputed, And none has sense enough to be confuted. Scotists and toefl, Thomists now in peace remain. Amidst their kindred cobwebs in Ducklane. If Faith itself has diff'rent dresses worn, What wonder modes in Wit should take their turn? Oft, leaving what is natural and literature, fit, The current Folly proves the ready Wit; And authors think their reputation safe, Which lives as long as fools are pleas'd to laugh.

Still make themselves the measure of mankind: Fondly we think we honour merit then, When we but praise ourselves in other men. Parties in wit attend on those of state, And public faction doubles private hate. Pride, Malice, Folly, against genetically modified paper Dryden rose, In various shapes of parsons, critics, beaux: But sense survived when merry jests were past; For rising merit will bouy up at last. Might he return and bless once more our eyes, New Blackmores and new Milbournes must arise. Nay, should great Homer lift his awful head, Zoilus again would start up from the dead. Aqa Igcse! Envy will Merit as its shade pursue, But like a shadow proves the substance true; For envied Wit, like Sol eclips'd, makes known. The Life Of A Child Essay! Th'opposing body's grossness, not its own.

When first that sun too powerful beams displays, It draws up vapours which obscure its rays; But ev'n those clouds at aqa igcse english coursework, last adorn its way, Reflect new glories, and augment the the great gatsby book comparison essay, day. English Literature! His praise is lost who stays till all commend. For Academic Integrity! Short is the date, alas! of modern rhymes, And 'tis but just to aqa igcse coursework, let them live betimes. No longer now that Golden Age appears, When partiarch wits survived a thousand years: Now length of fame (our second life) is lost, And bare threescore is all ev'n that can boast: Our sons their fathers' failing language see, And such as Chaucer is the life of a street essay, shall Dryden be. So when the faithful pencil has design'd.

Some bright idea of the master's mind, Where a new world leaps out at his command, And ready Nature waits upon his hand; When the aqa igcse literature, ripe colours soften and unite, And sweetly melt into just shade and light; When mellowing years their full perfection give, And each bold figure just begins to live, The treach'rous colours the fair art betray, And all the influence, bright creations fades away! Atones not for that envy which it brings: In youth alone its empty praise we boast, But soon the sort-lived vanity is lost; Like some fair flower the early Spring supplies, That gaily blooms, but ev'n in aqa igcse english, blooming dies. What is this Wit, which must our cares employ? The owner's wife that other men enjoy; Then most our trouble still when most admired, And still the more we give, the more required; Whose fame with pains we guard, but lose with ease, Sure some to vex, but never all to genetically modified paper, please, 'Tis what the vicious fear, the virtuous shun; By fools 'tis hated, and by knaves undone! Ah, let not Learning too commence its foe! Of old those met rewards who could excel, And such were prais'd who but endevour'd well; Tho' triumphs were to gen'rals only english literature, due, Crowns were reserv'd to grace the soldiers too. Now they who reach Parnassus' lofty crown. For Academic! Employ their pains to spurn some others down; And while self-love each jealous writer rules, Contending wits become the sport of english fools; But still the worst with most regret commend, For each ill author is toefl writing model essays, as bad a friend. To what base ends, and by what abject ways, Are mortals urged thro' sacred lust of praise!

Ah, ne'er so dire a thirst of glory boast, Nor in the critic let the english literature coursework, man be lost! Good nature and good sense must ever join; To err is modified organisms research, human, to forgive divine. Not yet purged off, of english literature coursework spleen and sour disdain, Discharge that rage on more provoking crimes, Nor fear a dearth on these flagitious times. No pardon vile obscenity should find, Tho' Wit and Art conspire to move your mind; But dulness with obscenity must prove. Writing Model Essays! As shameful sure as impotence in love. Literature! In the fat age of pleasure, wealth, and ease. Sprung the rank weed, and thrived with large increase: When love was all in easy monarch's care, Seldom at council, never in a war; Jilts ruled the state, and statesmen farces writ; Nay wits had pensions, and young lords had wit; The Fair sat panting at on western civilization essay, a courtier's play, And not a mask went unimprov'd away; The modest fan was lifted up no more, And virgins smil'd at literature, what they blush'd before.

The following license of toefl writing model a foreign reign. Did all the literature coursework, dregs of bold Socinus drain; Then unbelieving priests reform'd the nation, And taught more pleasant methods of salvation; Where Heav'n's free subjects might their rights dispute, Lest God himself should seem too absolute; Pulpits their sacred satire learn'd to of a, spare, And vice admired to aqa igcse english coursework, find a flatt'rer there! Encouraged thus, Wit's Titans braved the thesis statement integrity, skies, And the press groan'd with licens'd blasphemies. These monsters, Critics! with your darts engage, Here point your thunder, and literature coursework, exhaust your rage! Yet shun their fault, who, scandalously nice, Will needs mistake an modified organisms, author into vice: All seems infected that th'infected spy, As all looks yellow to the jaundic'd eye. Learn then what morals Critics ought to show, For 'tis but half a judge's task to coursework, know.

T'is not enough Taste, Judgment, Learning join; In all you speak let Truth and Candour shine; That not alone what to your Sense is due. All may allow, but seek your friendship too. And speak, tho' sure, with seeming diffidence. Some positive persisting fops we know, Who if once wrong will needs be always so; But you with pleasure own your errors past, And make each day a critique on the last. Blunt truths more mischief than nice falsehoods do. Men must be taught as if you taught them not, And things unknown proposed as things forgot.

Without good breeding truth is influence on western civilization essay, disapprov'd; That only makes superior Sense belov'd. For the worst avarice is english coursework, that of genetically modified organisms Sense. With mean complacence ne'er betray your trust, Nor be so civil as to prove unjust. Fear not the anger of the wise to raise; Those best can bear reproof who merit praise. But Appius reddens at each word you speak, And stares tremendous, with a threat'ning eye, Like some fierce tyrant in old tapestry. Fear most to aqa igcse coursework, tax an honourable fool, Whose right it is, uncensured to modified research, be dull: Such without Wit, are poets when they please, As without Learning they can take degrees. Leave dangerous truths to unsuccessful satires, And flattery to fulsome dedicators; Whom when the praise, the world believes no more. Than when they promise to give scribbling o'er. 'Tis best sometimes your censure to restrain, And charitably let the dull be vain; Your silence there is better than your spite, For who can rail so long as they can write? Still humming on english literature coursework their drowsy course they keep, And lash'd so long, like tops, are lash'd asleep. False steps but help them to renew the homework multiplying, race, As, after stumbling, jades will mend their pace.

What crowds of these, impenitently bold, In sounds and jingling syllables grown old, Still run on poets, in a raging vein, Ev'n to the the dregs and squeezings of the brain, Strain out the last dull droppings of their sense, And rhyme with all the aqa igcse coursework, rage of impotence! There are as mad abandon'd critics too. The bookful blockhead ignorantly read, With loads of for academic integrity learned lumber in his head, With his own tongue still edifies his ears, And always list'ning to himself appears. All books he reads, and all he reads assails, From Dryden's Fables down to aqa igcse coursework, Durfey's Tales. With him most authors steal their works, or buy; Garth did not write his own Dispensary. Model! Name a new play, and aqa igcse english coursework, he's the poet's friend; Nay, show'd his faults--but when would poets mend?

No place so sacred from genetically organisms research, such fops is aqa igcse english literature coursework, barr'd, Nor is Paul's church more safe than Paul's churchyard: Nay, fly to altars; there they'll talk you dead; For fools rush in book and movie comparison, where angels fear t tread. Distrustful sense with modest caution speaks, It still looks home, and short excursions makes; But rattling nonsense in full volleys breaks. And never shock'd, and never turn'd aside, Bursts out, resistless, with a thund'ring tide. Still pleas'd to aqa igcse, teach, and yet not proud to know? Unbiass'd or by favour or by spite; Not dully prepossess'd nor blindly right; Tho' learn'd, well bred, and tho' well bred sincere; Modestly bold, and humanly severe; Who to greek influence on western essay, a friend his faults can freely show, And gladly praise the merit of a foe; Bless'd with a taste exact, yet unconfin'd, A knowledge both of aqa igcse english literature books and humankind; Gen'rous converse; a soul exempt from research paper, pride; And love to praise, with reason on his side? Such once were critics; such the happy few. English Literature! Athens and Rome in better ages knew. The mighty Stagyrite first left the shore, Spread all his sails, and durst the organisms research paper, deeps explore; He steer'd securely, and discover'd far, Led by the light of the Maeonian star.

Poets, a race long unconfin'd and literature, free, Still fond and proud of savage liberty, Receiv'd his laws, and writing, stood convinc'd 'twas fit. English Literature! Who conquer'd Nature should preside o'er Wit. Book And Movie Comparison! And without method talks us into sense; Will, like a friend, familiarly convey. The truest notions in the easiest way. He who, supreme in judgment as in wit, Might boldly censure as he boldly writ, Yet judg'd with coolness, though he sung with fire; His precepts teach but what his works inspire. Our critics take a contrary extreme, They judge with fury, but they write with phlegm; Nor suffers Horace more in literature coursework, wrong translations. By Wits, than Critics in as wrong quotations. Homework Help Multiplying! See Dionysius Homer's thoughts refine, And call new beauties forth from ev'ry line! Fancy and art in gay Petronius please, The Scholar's learning with the coursework, courtier's ease. The justest rules and clearest method join'd.

Thus useful arms in magazines we place, All ranged in order, and disposed with grace; But less to please the eye than arm the hand, Still fit for use, and ready at statement for academic, command. And bless their critic with a poet's fire: An ardent judge, who, zealous in his trust, With warmth gives sentence, yet is always just; Whose own example strengthens all his laws, And is english literature coursework, himself that great sublime he draws. License repress'd, and useful laws ordain'd: Learning and Rome alike in empire grew, And arts still follow'd where her eagles flew; From the same foes at homework fractions, last both felt their doom, And the same age saw learning fall and aqa igcse, Rome. With tyranny then superstition join'd, As that the homework multiplying, body, this enslaved the mind; Much was believ'd, but little understood, And to be dull was construed to aqa igcse, be good; A second deluge learning thus o'errun, And the monks finish'd what the Goths begun. (The glory of the priesthood and toefl writing model essays, the shame!) Stemm'd the wild torrent of aqa igcse english a barb'rous age, And drove those holy Vandals off the stage. Starts from her trance, and trims her wither'd bays.

Rome's ancient genius, o'er its ruins spread, Shakes off the gatsby and movie comparison, dust, and english coursework, rears his rev'rend head. Then sculpture and her sister arts revive; Stones leap'd to form, and rocks began to live; With sweeter notes each rising temple rung; A Raphael painted and a Vida sung; Immortal Vida! on the life essay whose honour'd brow. Literature Coursework! The poet's bays and critics ivy grow: Cremona now shall ever boast they name, As next in place to Mantua, next in fame! Their ancient bounds the banish'd Muses pass'd; Thence arts o'er all the northern world advance, But critic learning flourish'd most in genetically organisms research paper, France; The rules a nation born to serve obeys, And Boileau still in right of Horace sways. But we, brave Britons, foreign laws despised, And kept unconquer'd and uncivilized; Fierce for the liberties of english coursework wit, and writing model essays, bold, We still defied the Romans, as of old. Yet some there were, among the sounder few. Aqa Igcse Literature! Of those who less presumed and better knew, Who durst assert the juster ancient cause, And here restor'd WIt's fundamental laws. Such was the integrity, Muse whose rules and practice tell. ``Nature's chief masterpiece is english, writing well.'' Such was Roscommon, not more learn'd than good, With manners gen'rous as his noble blood; To him the wit of Greece and help multiplying fractions, Rome was known,

And every author's merit but his own. Such late was Walsh--the Muse's judge and friend, Who justly knew to blame or to aqa igcse english, commend; To failings mild but zealous for desert, The clearest head, and the sincerest heart. This humble praise, lamented Shade! receive; This praise at least a grateful Muse may give: The Muse whose early voice you taught to the great gatsby book, sing, Prescribed her heights, and pruned her tender wing, (Her guide now lost), no more attempts to english literature, rise, But in low numbers short excursions tries; Content if hence th'unlearn'd their wants may view, The learn'd reflect on what before they knew; Careless of censure, nor too fond of fame; Still pleas'd to praise, yet not afraid to homework fractions, blame; Averse alike to flatter or offend; Not free from aqa igcse english coursework, faults, nor yet too vain to modified organisms, mend.

Comments about english literature coursework, An Essay On Criticism by Alexander Pope. Dear Poem hunter, Pope was far ahead of his peers. Statement Integrity! He rightly summarised the english coursework, role of toefl writing model literary critics. It is sad to reckon that many self professed ''experts'' pretend to be experts, as a result, budding poets find themselves at aqa igcse literature, odd. Literary criticism is genetically modified paper, not a play thing!

In a nutshell, they must be made to read Alaxander pope and his remarkable work, before they can sermonise on poetic expressions! Read this poem in other languages. This poem has not been translated into any other language yet.

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AQA iGCSE English Literature (8710)

essay idea topics You’ve spent quite a bit of time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and you’ve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to coursework, choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to of a child, do is relax and find a topic you’re passionate about and, of course, one that is debatable.

Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by literature David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the writing model essays, essay says it all– argumentative . It would be a lot easier to aqa igcse english, write an the great comparison essay essay on something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the point of an argumentative essay. It’s important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started. I’ve separated the topics into five categories–legal, moral, social, media and english literature, family–and included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the topics for of a, your own essay, or as inspiration to aqa igcse literature, create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics.

Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice. These types of topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish. Toefl Writing Model. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of aqa igcse coursework existing laws. You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on toefl, what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say. After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and aqa igcse, other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the street child, benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use?

At what age should girls have access to birth control without the aqa igcse literature coursework, consent of their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to the life street, get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to coursework, the death penalty. These topics tend to street, be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for those opinions–on what they think is right or wrong.

If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. English Literature. While it’s good to be passionate in genetically an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. It’s definitely worth your time to create an outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide? Should children’s beauty pageants be banned?

Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to aqa igcse english literature coursework, the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to greek civilization essay, do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the aqa igcse english literature, right to use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and of a child essay, moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and english coursework, what kinds of pressures society puts on individuals or groups of people. This is the great gatsby book essay, a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to aqa igcse literature coursework, choose from and street, even more that you could create on your own.

If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. This should make writing about aqa igcse, that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to rely on facts and of a child essay, not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants? Can heterosexual men and aqa igcse english literature coursework, women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of comparison essay anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to aqa igcse, not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to vote?

Should there be a legal curfew for minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in multiplying fractions real life? 10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Essays written on english, these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to find. Just turn on a television and don’t change the channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and you’ll be sure to find something debatable about on western, what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons. Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on prime time television?

Where should networks draw the aqa igcse literature, line for violence on television? Should news shows talk about celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to toefl writing model, eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to aqa igcse english coursework, advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and of a street essay, side effects be made more clear in advertisements?

Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and aqa igcse coursework, movies have the responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. Statement For Academic Integrity. That’s because every family is different. Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation.

Because each family is different, it’s hard to generalize in these types of aqa igcse english literature essays. However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and homework help multiplying, personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an argument for any of the topics below (or for a topic of literature your own). Photo by help multiplying Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on literature coursework, Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on greek civilization, this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once you’re ready to literature coursework, come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to write about something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about it. Researching the topic will allow you to learn more about child essay, what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the aqa igcse literature coursework, essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors.

They’ll help give you the winning edge in whatever you’re debating. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education.

You can find her on Google+. Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578;

Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi Abdul–I’m not sure *who you’re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an of a street essay emotional hook. Aqa Igcse Literature. A hook that makes the story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for book and movie comparison essay, the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example.

Is the aqa igcse coursework, hook on the title or on the life of a street essay, the body? Thanks. The hook is the aqa igcse english literature, first sentence of statement for academic your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on aqa igcse, can u help? Btw I’m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya– so I think the greek on western essay, important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in. At 14, and sorry if I’m stereotyping you due to aqa igcse english literature, your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the effects of video games on young people. Essay. Here is a great resource to help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the ideas but I’m still not sure. What would be a good resource for english, supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong?

I’m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn’t help me on this and it was a hard topic to argue about. Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad). And Movie Comparison. A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in California and Colorado for example). I need to write an aqa igcse literature argumentative research paper about homework multiplying fractions, 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for aqa igcse english literature coursework, a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the book essay, 50 above topics will get you thinking about english coursework, what you want to write about. The Life Of A Child. My biggest piece of advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to aqa igcse english literature coursework, struggle getting 3000 words down.

Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day life–maybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here’s a good post on thesis for academic integrity, making an aqa igcse english coursework essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ I’m sorry to influence, hear that. English Coursework. Maybe you’ll find this post to be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/ Same I have to do that. I need to write 3 essays and thesis integrity, I 5 days to aqa igcse literature coursework, do it need HELP and I’m 15. Hi Dyson–eep that’s a lot of essays in a short amount of the great gatsby book and movie essay time. You’re going to literature coursework, want to stay organized.

Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/ Thank you for of a, that it really helps me. You’re welcome. Aqa Igcse Coursework. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to get some advice on an argumentative essay. My argument is broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay.

Do you have any tips or advice to gatsby and movie, help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i don’t have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate. sweet!

Thanks for aqa igcse, the comment. Hi there. My name is Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for homework multiplying, help and I will be glad to help. Aqa Igcse. Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and influence on western civilization, always on time. Thank you in aqa igcse advance. I have to writing, right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to aqa igcse, 8 page essay and I can not think of genetically modified organisms research a topic it has to be arguable….

Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to something good. The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in literature coursework so that you have a chance to gatsby book and movie essay, possibly even *enjoy the process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ This is literally the same thing i’m going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to 8 pages and aqa igcse coursework, it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Don’t despair.

You can do it. #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on the following ” Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism” . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for help multiplying fractions, your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. It may look something like this:

The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and argue that biilingual is socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the coursework, consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to thesis integrity, discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is aqa igcse, has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided.

Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of gatsby and movie comparison my paper. Aqa Igcse Literature. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to properly organize the essay? It would be greatly appreciated.

It’s fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I can’t do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and integrity, more. Aqa Igcse Coursework. You can learn more about that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I have to help multiplying fractions, do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse… Good luck on coursework, your writing though!–I’m sure you need it more than me… i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the greek influence civilization essay, font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in aqa igcse english literature the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared. So true!

If you’re armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, it’s much easier to genetically organisms research, reach your target word count #128578; Here are the aqa igcse english literature coursework, basic steps you need to take to comparison essay, execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topic–this post is a good place to start. 2) do your research–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statement–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ 4) write an outline–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paper–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper –https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment!

three claims right. Yes, three claims is aqa igcse, a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and so far I’ve written only 200. Essays. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like “tomorrow afternoon” has arrived. I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of his characters came from aqa igcse english literature previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws.

That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is awesome to hear. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and and movie essay, my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. I’m studying entrepreneurship and she is aqa igcse coursework, studying computer science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. please help us for writing model essays, we are desperate. we would be so thankful if you’l help us a little bit.

I’m not quite sure what you are asking for. Are you trying to find a topic for a research paper that is aqa igcse coursework, related to toefl writing, both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the literature, question I’m attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on statement for academic, where your interests are. Literature. You two would do well to sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to support your project.

For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of greek on western civilization job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)?

Then I’d do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to aqa igcse english, find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. Influence Civilization Essay. For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because “computer science” and “entrepreneurship” or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics. You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is great and also helped me a lot for my project….but i am currently writing a novel and aqa igcse english literature, i need some pointers for it…..would you be able to help. Greek Civilization Essay. The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson… Congrats on starting the rewarding project of writing your own novel. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it’s coming out literature, as you want it to, but if you’re serious about this, you’ll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. In fact it won’t be perfect.

It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for every day, and every week. A final novel is the great gatsby book comparison essay, about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! It’s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it… again and again until it’s right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose.

But thank you for this, it gave me an aqa igcse idea. I’m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for organisms paper, reading. Naomi help me please? i’am looking for the disadvantages of a physical store and aqa igcse english literature, found only minor things. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of thesis shopping at a physical store or of coursework owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: – Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to travel there (gas, wear and multiplying, tear on aqa igcse english, your car). – There is a higher risk that the statement, store will be out of the aqa igcse english literature coursework, item you need (or won’t have the toefl model essays, right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. – Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is such a big help.

Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing — just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on literature, how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is a good long while.

I’d definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time — brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; I’d definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for the great book and movie, some pointers. English Coursework. You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to make an long af essay and english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Toefl Writing. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Aqa Igcse English Literature Coursework. Thanks for the comment! Hello, I’m need to write a thesis for my uni’s project this year. But, I’m having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not?

I’m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, “Students’ perception on the life of a street child, integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics.” *NDUM is my university, so I want to coursework, know how this integrity give an effect to thesis for academic, the students, in the way of literature education. I think you’re off to a good start, but you still need to take a stance on the great book and movie essay, your topic. Here is an aqa igcse english literature example of what I mean: “Students’ perception of integrity, which is greek on western essay, one of NDUM’s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education.” In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to focus only on positive impacts, might be: “Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of aqa igcse english literature NDUM’s core characteristics, tend to greek influence on western civilization essay, be more successful in their educational endeavors.” I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone?

I am an online tutor. I do a wider array of assignments from essays, projects and research papers. I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is aqa igcse literature coursework, so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this? I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. Thesis Statement For Academic Integrity. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Aqa Igcse Literature Coursework. Can someone give ma an greek on western civilization essay advice on this?

You’re right that “mental health” is a really broad topic. Coursework. If you’re writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance that’s a) debatable and b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: – Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to statement for academic, increase funding for mental health initiatives. – Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools? Argue in favor of/against. – Does the english, mental health of the life of a child essay parents impact their children? Why or why not?

There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. Aqa Igcse English Literature Coursework. I started my essay on thesis statement for academic integrity, government should increse the literature, fundings. Now I’m on on western civilization, my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577;

That’s a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. You might want to check out aqa igcse coursework, https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you’re making and genetically research, how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for your decision to literature coursework, go back to school! What an awesome example you’re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of greek influence our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. Aqa Igcse English. I’m obviously biased, but they’re a fantastic resource for greek influence civilization essay, getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the english coursework, subject of autism. Off the statement integrity, top of my head:

1. English Literature Coursework. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it’s simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something “wrong,” just different. 2. The Life Street Child Essay. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors. The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of this argument, but there are a host of aqa igcse english coursework other causes that doctors, researchers, and parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Asperger’s syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.

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Cashier Resume: Sample Complete Guide [+20 Examples] Imagine that you’re applying for a part-time cashier job at your local mall. And lo and behold, you have to turn in a resume. Literature Coursework? What gives? When you applied for a cashier position at Walmart, you only had to fill out an application. Such a simple job as taking money from customers and hiding it in genetically modified organisms, a drawer can’t merit a professional resume, can it? Well, if you’re here, it must.

There’s a way to write a cashier resume sample that’s as simple as ringing people up at the grocery store. At the aqa igcse english coursework, same time, you want to make sure that you’re the organisms research paper, person who gets the job. That’s why this guide will show you: How to make a cashier resume for a part-time cashier job that reflects the skills you need. Resume tricks that will skyrocket your resume for a cashier job past the competition. Aqa Igcse Literature? Simple and easy resume writing tips that you can use later in life. Here’s a sample resume for a cashier made using our resume builder. Want to the life of a street child essay, save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . It’s fast and english literature coursework easy to use. Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume.

See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What’s the Best Format for a Cashier Resume? Most cashier positions are entry-level roles. You plan to ring up shoppers at the local mall to book comparison essay, help pay for college. Or you want that part-time cashier job at the supermarket or movie theater for some extra pocket money. On the flip side, let’s say you do have experience. English Literature? You’ve held a couple of homework help, cashier positions.

In either case, which resume format should you choose? Regardless, you’ll want to use a simple, traditional resume format. That’s why the reverse-chronological resume format works best in both scenarios. Let's start with an entry-level cashier resume with no experience. English? The benefit of the reverse-chronological format is that you can play with the layout. The education or experience sections can come first.

Then you list each item in the reverse-chronological order. That way your most recent experiences come first. If you have experience, the reverse-chronological format emphasizes your work history. The result is a clean and natural flow for your cashier resume template. Pro Tip: Your most relevant skills and experience should always go in the top third of your resume. That way, the hiring manager sees your value first. Not sold on the reverse-chronological resume format? Want to see more sample cashier resume formats?

Read our guide: “ 3 Resume Formats: How to Choose the Best One [Examples] ” Cashier: Resume Summary or Resume Objective? After your contact information, what comes next? The best resumes for cashiers open with a resume summary or resume objective. But what’s the difference? Entry-level Cashier Resume Objective.

A resume objective is a quick introduction at the great book and movie comparison the beginning of your resume. It tells the employer who you are now and why you would be a great cashier. It’s short and to aqa igcse english coursework, the point. The Great Gatsby And Movie Comparison Essay? A resume objective is aqa igcse literature coursework, better suited to entry-level cashier resumes. Try to show relevant skills gained through other experience. Go for skills learned at school or previous jobs. Friendly Psychology major with 2+ years experience delivering excellent customer service as a Server. Influence Civilization? Quick learner with excellent time management skills, can prioritize tasks.

Seeking to develop my experience as a Cashier at Le Cote Boutique. Hospitality undergraduate with an understanding of english literature, customer service. Looking for a cashier job. Don’t tell the hiring manager what you want, tell them what you can give them. A resume summary has a bit more meat on its bones. It’s suited to professionals with experience. So, a cashier supervisor should use a summary instead of the life child, a resume objective. To write an excellent resume summary, include a brief overview of your best skills most relevant to the job.

Personable Head Cashier with 5+ years experience with large department stores and literature boutique retailers. Can process various types of transactions while delivering excellent customer service. Seeking to expand sales skills as Head Cashier at your company. Experience training junior staff. I am seeking a position as a Head Cashier at the life of a street essay your department store. Aqa Igcse English Coursework? I wish to develop my sales skills before graduating. Pro Tip: Think of your resume objective or resume summary as an essays, elevator pitch. If you had to sum up your experience and english aspirations in writing model, a couple of sentences, what would you say? How to Put Cashier Experience on a Resume.

Let’s say you’ve held jobs in literature, the past. After your introduction, you’ll want to thesis for academic, lead with your experience. Let’s say you’ve even held lots of part-time cashier jobs in english, the past. Thesis? You don’t have to literature, include every job in your cashier resume experience section. Instead, choose those that had similar responsibilities and skills. Just be careful not to leave large gaps on an experienced cashier resume, as this can raise red flags with the hiring manager. June 2016 - September 2016.

JC Penny’s Department Store. Trained 5 new members as full-time cashiers. Managed 3 junior staff members in the life of a child, the Accessories Department. Dealt with customer requests and issues, helping the aqa igcse literature coursework, store achieve the highest customer satisfaction rate in the region. June 2016 - September 2016. JC Penny’s Department Store. Head cashier on department floor. Greeted customers and book and movie comparison essay dealt with requests. Helped junior members of the team.

Notice how the literature coursework, “right” candidate uses achievements to illustrate the value of her work. Her customer service skills helped the store achieve the thesis statement integrity, highest customer satisfaction rating. The hiring manager will now imagine that she can do the english literature, same for them. Also, notice the addition of numbers. She trained five employees and the great managed three. Literature Coursework? Using numbers gives the hiring manager a realistic idea of what you can handle. Plus, it draws the eye of the recruiter to the item. So, use numbers when you want to highlight a skill and show what happens when you use it.

But what if you’re a teenager applying for your first job? What can you put in the experience section of toefl writing model essays, your teen cashier resume? You can include non-traditional work. Examples of non-traditional work include: Internships Student Organizations Practicums (Student Teaching) Volunteer Work Babysitting Personal Projects Work Study. October 2016 - March 2017. Daisy Care Home For The Elderly. Greeted all residents in coursework, a friendly, polite manner. Patiently listened to resident requests to help make them more comfortable.

Participated in daily priorities, taking responsibility for toefl writing essays, cleaning tasks. October 2016 - March 2017. Daisy Care Home For The Elderly. Visited a care home once a week to help staff with various tasks. List responsibilities that use skills that can translate to a cashier job.

For example, the english coursework, “right” candidate has listed greeting residents as a responsibility. That responsibility translates to multiplying fractions, customer service skills in coursework, action. Pro Tip: Include powerful action words instead of starting every responsibility with “responsible for.” Action words can make your cashier resume sample shine. Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. I know what your thinking. Is the education section necessary for a basic cashier resume template?

After all, some cashier jobs have no educational requirements. Well, you’re not wrong. But if you’re a student, your education is your strongest experience. So, you’ll want to consider putting your education section after your introduction. Plus, hiring managers may favor candidates with high school diplomas for full-time roles. So, it’s best to put what education you have on comparison essay your resume. Here’s how to add your high school education to aqa igcse english literature, cashier resume: River Creek High School, River Creek, PA. Here’s how to add your education as an street child, ongoing college student: Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. Expected to graduate in english literature coursework, 2019 with a BS in Athletic Training.

Here’s how to add education that you did not complete as a college student: Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. 2010-2012 Completed 50 credits toward a BS in Athletic Training. Pro Tip: You can add awards and a coursework description to this section to fill out your resume for a cashier position. How to Put Skills on a Resume for a Cashier. For a cashier resume, including a skills section is crucial. A skills section shows hiring managers that you have the skills and abilities to be a cashier. But which skills should go on a resume for a cashier? Start by listing any cashier skills that you have that the hiring manager also listed in the cashier job description. Then consider adding a couple of statement for academic integrity, your best universal cashier skills to your resume.

What are universal cashier skills? They are skills that you use as a fast food cashier at McDonald's one day and english coursework as a pharmacy cashier clerk the book comparison essay, next. A good example is cash handling. No matter what, you have to aqa igcse english coursework, know how to handle cash to homework help multiplying fractions, be a cashier. One of the top universal skills for a cashier is active listening. And you don't need cashier experience at a restaurant or department store to aqa igcse english literature coursework, list active listening on greek influence on western civilization essay your cashier resume. Here are some more universal hard and literature soft skills that are great for toefl model essays, cashier resumes: Of course, the list is not exhaustive. And you can use these cashier skills whether you’re applying at english literature coursework a gas station or a Target.

Just remember to start with the skills you find in the cashier job description. Now, you have a list of lead cashier resume skills, but how do you add them? Excellent active listening and communication skills. Efficient with customer complaints and requests. Thesis Statement? Operate cash registers and various POS systems. Aqa Igcse Coursework? Math - can make most calculations mentally. Toefl Model? Handle cash, checks, and returns. Speak intermediate Spanish and French. Remember to aqa igcse english, be specific. Writing? The hiring manager will have a clearer idea of what you can do. Would you rather hire someone who can do math in their head or someone who can do “math?”

Pro Tip: You will want to aqa igcse, go beyond adding a skills section. Toefl Writing Model? Often, hiring managers scan resumes looking for aqa igcse, skills mentioned in genetically modified, the cashier job description. That's why you'll want to sprinkle cashier resume skills throughout your document. How to Add Other Sections for an Effective Resume. Let’s face it. Aqa Igcse English Literature? You're going to greek influence essay, compete with other qualified candidates. So, what do you have that other candidates don't?

One way to set yourself apart from the competition is to include a hobbies and english literature coursework interests section. Adding hobbies can help you in two ways: Hobbies can show that you fit in with the culture of the company. Your interests will show the hiring manager a bit of your personality. Try to choose hobbies that either fit with the company’s brand or work culture. And, in toefl writing model essays, the case of aqa igcse english coursework, a customer service cashier resume, you can choose hobbies that show you have a social personality.

Let’s say you’re writing a retail cashier resume for modified organisms research, a women’s retailer. Aqa Igcse English Coursework? Here are some examples of hobbies and interests to genetically organisms paper, include: I enjoy pairing accessories with outfits and aqa igcse english coursework keeping up with the latest fashion trends. The Life Street Essay? I do volunteer work at my local second-hand clothing store. Pro Tip: Your hobbies can be great icebreaker topics during your interview. Make sure you only add things to your cashier resume in which you have a genuine interest. That way you can talk about aqa igcse english literature coursework, them with passion if they come up in thesis for academic integrity, conversation later. Here’s the aqa igcse, Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. You might assume that cashiers don't need to child essay, write cover letters. A resume is more than enough. At this point, you’re surprised you have to turn in a simple cashier resume in the first place.

So, a cashier cover letter would be overkill, right? Well, not always. Some hiring managers still want cover letters. And sending one can only help your chances of landing the job. Cover letters can show you have excellent communication skills. You get a chance to tell the hiring manager more about aqa igcse coursework, your personality. You can explain inconvenient gaps or shortcomings in your work history. The good news? Cashier cover letters don’t need to be very lengthy.

All you have to do is use your letter to tell the hiring manager why you want the job. Show some enthusiasm. But let’s be honest. Let’s say you only want the job for the extra cash. Do you believe in the products they sell? Would you be proud of representing the company’s brand? If yes, go with it. Selling products is thesis, one of the aqa igcse english literature, responsibilities of a cashier. And that's especially true in a retail environment.

Pro Tip: Always address the hiring manager by name if you know it. If you’re not sure, call the company or ask in person who will read your resume. You won't often find yourself in a position where you must turn in a resume for the life child essay, a cashier job. But when you do, resist the temptation to send a weak, generic document. Use the opportunity. Set yourself apart from the competition. Even if you only want to be a cashier to bridge the gap between school and “real work,” don’t say that. Aqa Igcse Literature? Treat your entry-level cashier resume as a serious, professional document. And when you do, that could open a lot of doors for you. The least it will do is land you that cashier job you want right now. Did we miss anything?

If you are still struggling with how to write a cashier resume, let us know in the comments, and we will do what we can to help. Thanks for reading! Simran is essays, a UK based freelance researcher and writer covering careers and self-development. She has spent over six years in headhunting and talent insight and has a Masters in english, Social Research.