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Essay on school picnic

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Astonish Your Teacher by Our Book Report Writing Service with Wonderful Performance. Book report writing service has solved the core academic task of students. It has become very tough job for essay picnic students to paper on jesus, process a book report, as they have to study the book, investigate its plot, reveal over essay picnic the issues it covers, study the characters and wild cat falling essay make a critical valuation. It’s a long time swallowing task with intense concentration. A book report is on school picnic a long essay discussing the dissertation, contents of a book in a summarized manner. It is essay on school picnic written as part of a class assignment by students in schools. Book reports are used by teachers to access the grasp of students about a book, in which students express their perception and ideas about the book. Basic trouble is not to short essay about, follow the writing process itself, but its long lengthy reading and essay on school picnic analysis process. Paper On Jesus. Students take a number of days or weeks reading the whole book attentively, with jotting down notes, examining the plot, and themes of the book. So if you are short of time, and don’t have chance to fulfill your book report by the deadline, then we can definitely assist you with our vigorous book report writing service. Need Commendable Book Reports For Your Semester?

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An outline is the best way for the plan, featuring the main ideas and their base content. A proper outline should be written for following five detail sections: Introduction Summary of Book Book Details: Characters Book Details: Plot Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of prize distribution these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for on school book report content. Paper On Jesus. Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Book Reports begin with basic information about the book, featuring book title, its author, genre, and publication information. Some books are written in special circumstances with critical incidents in author’s life. Mentioning these circumstances in intro can develop interest for the reader. Essay Picnic. Mentioning credentials of the book is also a plus point where you showcase the popularity of the literature, especially when it is a bestseller. Start off your summary with an overview of the story, including its setting time period, main characters and the critical plot. Write the paper on jesus, summary in past tense with a third person perspective.

Also discuss the tone of the book, like showing whether it’s suspense or an adventure. In this section, list all the characters in the story. Then step by step describe the characters with respect to their importance, identifying their major conflicts or problems. In writing about the plot, try to focus on main sequence of events. Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. Discuss the plot highlights from the rise to the climax in a summarize way, focusing on the prominent issues. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. This section is also refereed as a central idea, as it requires your personal perception about the book. You’ll write about the picnic, strength and weakness in prize the book, and that what did you learn with the book.

Try to be balanced in picnic your ideas and support your interpretations with examples from the book. After completing your book report, follow the last step of writing process i.e. Prize. revising, editing, and publishing, before final submission. On School Picnic. Begin your revising by reading your book report aloud, following with editing for paper on jesus grammar. After that, bound your book report for essay on school a good presentation and dissertation sections then submit it to your teacher confidently. Buy Our Book Report Writing Service And Feel The Difference Of Quality! Our working methodology is essay extremely unique and effective in providing professional quality work. We take special considerations for a smooth flow of work. Following are some special considerations that we take for a perfect academic paper: Our unique content resembles perfection. We have long experienced academic writers with PhDs and Master Degrees. They easily analysis story books with their creative approach, and come up with brilliant written reports.

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Short and simple essay on My School …

Stoke town to get a reprieve – finally. I think many people around the city regardless of where they live will be delighted to hear that, finally, the town which gave its name to on school our city, is to be properly regenerated. The town of Stoke has deteriorated over essay exam many years of neglect into what still remains today ““ to put it harshly, mainly pubs and brothels. Picnic? I noted on a tour around the distribution essay, area not so long back that said “E?massage’ venues in fact outnumbered the ale houses, until the Staff of life opened back up again under new management. There is still a decent indoor market, but save that, and since the demise of the Woolies chain, Stoke is a relic of its former self with little to offer visitors. Kevin Bell - NSRP Stoke town centre regeneration manager. Now, one of the city’s infamous new regeneration managers, namely, Kevin Bell, is charged with earning his wage packet with a host of improvements.

In a new plan which is being drawn up, new residences along the Trent’s banks are being considered, as is a new residential/retail complex on the ill-fated Spode site, and a town park to provide some much-needed greenery. Speaking to the Sentinel, Mr Bell explained that he wants to maintain the history of the area at the same time as building on it to revamp Stoke into a thriving town once more. He said: “We need to give Stoke a more distinctive retail offer that makes the essay on school, most of its specialist shops, bars and cafA?©s, so that it not only draws people in for essay exam, the shopping, but encourages them to stay for the nightlife as well. “The Spode site is also a terrific opportunity, which will be suitable for most uses, and we have got to picnic get that absolutely right and make sure it connects properly with the rest of the town centre.”? The new manager responsible for the new “E?masterplan’ certainly has his work cut out. No work will take place until a ‘consultation’ has been undertaken by the council, which means all of these ideas will form part of plans to be completed by November this year. Given past attempts at communication with the public, many may have reservations about the authority’s ability to listen to people’s views. So, have your say here and hopefully, the powers that be may pay some attention to yoru ideas. What should happen to create a future for Stoke?

Bulldozers For Coalville And Improvements For Meir. Regeneration seems to be the buzz word in the south of the city this week as the write dissertation sections, city council pushes on on school picnic with long standing plans to improve two local estates. The council seem keen to get the bulldozers into Coalville with a compulsory purchase order that includes no less than 14 streets. 250 properties in Main Street, East Street, Aster Street, Dahlia Close, Lynn Street, Selby Street, Iris Close, Lilac Close, Lime Close, Gate Street, Cross Street, Coalville Place, Foxglove Close and essay paper topics Bath Street are covered, as well as land. Properties around these areas have been classed by on school, the city council as sub-standard. This work was held up last year by a public inquiry when some opposed the ongoing work, stating that it would destroy what was a close-knit community. Write? The council have now bought many of the properties and hope to on school proceed with the rest, allowing developer Compendium Group to build 280 new homes, so kick-starting a £55 million regeneration of the write sections, mining estate. Meanwhile over in The Meir, they seem to have other ideas as twenty large family homes on Woodville Road are earmarked for on school picnic, refurbishment. The homes haveA‚ been derelictA‚ for distribution essay, some time and picnic will get, amongst other things, new roofs, doors, windows and prize essay heating systems. Work will also be carried out on the exterior and interior walls. After the work is on school picnic done, Plumlife, a non-profit making company and topics part of the Great Places group, hopes to sell them for around £42,500 each.

This will be on a 50% shared ownership basis, allowing people on a lower income to afford the homes. Do the plans in essay on school, Coalville or Meir impact on you? What do you think of the work on write dissertation sections the homes in Woodville Road – is sheared ownership a good idea and on school picnic will it really help low income family’s onto the property ladder? By Mike Rawlins. Trumpet Passage, the city centre alleyway on Parliament Row next to MacDonalds, which has suffered from late night anti-social behavioural problems, is the first North Staffordshire Regeneration Partnership (NSRP) project as part of major improvements to the city public realm. Gates with trumpet shaped metal bars have been fitted at either end of the busy thoroughfare so that the alleyway can be locked at write dissertation night to block out problems in the back-alley well-known for its association with drugs and crime. Stoke-on-Trent Lord Mayor Derek Capey cut the ribbon to unveil the innovative designs.A‚ Local trumpet player Dan Fox, who is from the City Music and essay picnic Performing Arts School,A‚ marked the occasion with a fanfare of distribution essay, music.

Councillor Adrian Knapper, Stoke-on-Trent City Council portfolio holder for regeneration and economic development, said: “Alley gates provide a great way of keeping out the kinds of trouble which often blight people’s lives. On School Picnic? These innovative gates, which reflect the character of the prize distribution essay, area, are a fantastic addition to the public realm of the city. Essay? It will make this pedestrian route cleaner, safer and better for everyone.”? The gates have been designed and write sections produced by David Hinde, of Verdigris Contemporary Metalwork. Made out of stainless steel they reflect the location name with fluted trumpet shapes replicating a traditional fanfare of on school, trumpets. The gates follow a number of problems in the passageway late at night. Due to the “E?S’ shaped design of the alleyway CCTV was inappropriate so the write dissertation, gates were developed to keep trouble out. The gates will be closed between 5.30pm and 8.30am Monday to Saturday and between 4pm and 8.30am on Sundays. When the gates are closed, access between Goodson Street and Parliament Row will be via Old Hall Street.A‚ In case of an emergency the gates can be opened from essay, within Trumpet Passage by a specially designed switch.

Councillor Knapper’s Response to Jim Knight’s intervention. By Councillor Adrian Knapper. Adrian Knapper - SOTCC portfolio holder for economic development and essay exam NSRP board member. With regards to the School Minister’s statement that Stoke-on-Trent City Council is being allowed to have fourteen schools under the BSF proposals… I had a lot of picnic, sympathy towards the people of Trentham in their campaign to keep a High School within the prize essay, community at Trentham. If the EMB agrees with the minister’s view at its meeting on the 15th April 2009, Trentham High School will remain open. However, the essay, concerns are: – 1. A‚ A‚ A‚ That the School Minister has not given any more finance. The parents, pupils, campaigners and Rob Flello MP must now join with the City Council Executive to try and influence the Government to essay exam provide extra funding under the BSF proposal in order that Trentham can have the best school possible. 2. On School? A‚ A‚ A‚ The EMB must consider the knock-on effect upon the BSF proposal of having an ethics, extra school within the south of the City.

Due to essay on school picnic the fact that predictions upon pupil numbers within the City indicate that had the Council gone for an extra school above the thirteen planned under its BSF Plans, the extra school would have been required within the centre of the City, due to the regeneration and new homes being built at City Waterside. The Executive must now review and have a quick consultation process upon essay exam the BSF proposal to provide. 1. Picnic? A‚ A‚ A‚ School at Trentham. 2. A‚ A‚ A‚ The merger of paper on jesus, Blurton and Endsor to provide a new school for that catchment area. 3. A‚ A‚ A‚ The merger of Berryhill and Mitchell to provide a new school within the Bucknall area with preference to the Mitchell Site. The Executive must move quickly and essay on school picnic get on with the job to write help the regeneration across Stoke-on-Trent, especially moving to build a new school in the North at James Brindley as soon as possible. Councillor Adrian Knapper. The opinion expressed in this article are the on school, views of Cllr Adrian Knapper and are not necessarily those of the EMB or anyone else. WOLFIE HITS OUT AT MONEY NOT SPENT! A former Stoke-on-Trent mayor said it was “disgraceful” that £50m towards the essay exam, city’s regeneration had not been spent.

Mike Wolfe, the city’s first elected mayor in 2002, said the city council and its development partners “just need to get on essay with things”. But the North Staffordshire Regeneration Partnership (NSRP) said the money still would be spent. Regional development agency Advantage West Midlands said it had put £75m towards work over the past three years. Many projects have been earmarked to regenerate the area over recent years. And the NSRP, which includes several councils, unveiled £1.5m plans to paper on jesus regenerate the region last year. The 20-year proposals include housing, a new business district, university quarter and essay picnic improvements to paper on jesus four town centres. Advantage West Midlands (AWM) has so far put £75m into the schemes, but said it had to revise the essay, £100m it estimated it would invest in 2005 because of the economic downturn.

Mr Wolfe said some moves to regenerate Stoke-on-Trent and the surrounding areas were taking too long. He said: “You’re not seeing exciting, iconic buildings going up in Etruria valley, you’re seeing dull sheds. “So we are missing the big opportunities on schemes with dubious benefits.” He added the city’s Unity House was earmarked for demolition four years ago, but a contractor had only just been appointed. However, Hardial Bhogal, from the NSRP, said it did not want to be rushed. “What we can’t and shouldn’t do is spend money for the sake of spending money – for short essay about ethics, the sake of getting money out of the essay on school, door, ” he said.

“The money that we have used has been invested wisely.” He added: “It may appear as an under-spend but the money is sections actually rolled forward.” Last Thursday in the full council meeting there was a debate lasting around 1.5hrs about the vacant chair position of the NSRP. The position is vacant due to the Elected Mayor Mark Meredith stepping down following his recent police arrest. Mayor Meredith denies all allegations against picnic, him, but he decided to step down from being chairman of the NSRP althoughA‚ he remains a board member. The board were due to elected a non political chairperson when Mr Merediths tenure expires in June with a possible salary of between £20k and £30kA‚ (for less than a day a week’s work). This has caused anger amongst some councillors and in particular Mick Salih who was the first councillor to raise this issue in the chamber some months ago.

After last Thursday Mick Salih gave Pits’n’Pots this exclusive interview: During the council debate Mr Salih submitted an amended motion to essay exam instruct the city council’s representatives on essay on school the NSRP board not to vote for an independent chairman. Members voted 35 to paper on jesus 16 in favour of the amendment, despite warnings from Mr Harman and Conservative and Independent Alliance leader councillor Ross Irving that it could damage relations between the council and its partners. Speaking in today’s Sentinel Interim Council Manager Chris Harman said: “I was particularly disappointed with the amendment that was put forward because it affects how we work with the partnership. “It is essay picnic not about the council being in the driving seat of the partnership; sometimes it’s better to essay exam let someone else drive. because that way you get more co-operation. “I advised members against proceeding with that amendment because there is no voting by picnic, the board on that matter, so it was a bit of a mistake as it was a pointless amendment.” He added: “That is not the way to work in partnership.” Whilst Mr Harman may think that the distribution essay, council vote last Thursday was a mistkae, nevertheless the majority of on school, city councillors bar Labour and a few others, want our city to have a bigger say on cat falling essay how the NSRP operates. Mick Salih has pointed out many times that it is the City Council that is the accountable body (which it states in the NSRP’s documentation) and he strongly believes that the new council leader, whoever that may be, should be the chair of the Regeneration Board.

It has been suggested by some political commentators that the picnic, Chair should be split between the Authorities involved, i.e. Stoke for write dissertation, six months and essay on school picnic Staffs Moorlands and Newcastle Borough for three each. There is no doubt that this issue sparked one of the most fierce and write sections bitter debates seen in the council chamber in a long while. At one time in the debate it looked as if Chris Harman was in dispute with the essay on school, legal officer Paul Hackney as to essay exam whether voting on the amendment was outside the legalities of the chamber. Regeneration is probably one of the most important issues that face our city at essay picnic the moment and is likely to for some time to come. It is vital that it is handled correctly. It is also vital that we have one of the paper on jesus, strongest councillors overseeing the delivery of the essay, city’s regeneration policies. Regeneration will see a dramatic change to essay exam our city’s landscape.

If we get the this wrong the on school picnic, impact will blight the city for many years to short about come. Mick Salih wants the new council leader to head up the NSRP from June. unelected Chief Exec for some reason wants an unelected person for the post. What do you think about this debate? Which side do you come down on? What do you want to see from our city’s regeneration programme? One of the items not on on school picnic the agenda at yesterday’s council meeting was that of the North Staffordshire Regeneration Partnership (NSRP). Essay Exam? But that didn’t stop councillor Mick Salih bringing it up. In response to a speech made by the Deputy Elected (yet unelected) Mayor, councillor Mohammed Pervez, who is standing in for the Elected Mayor who has stood down from some of his responsibilities but not actually stood down, Mick Salih rose to put forward a motion suggesting that the new NSRP chairman should not be independent, but be a political figure. Mark Meredith was until recently the chairman of the NSRP board.

But when he relinquished his roles as Executive and Members Board (EMB) chairman and as portfolio-holder for essay picnic, children and young people, he also resigned his post at the head of the NSRP. Mr Meredith was already due to distribution essay be replaced when his position would have come to an end in June due to essay a return to having an indirectly elected leader instead, and so appointing a new, independent, chairman was already being considered. But now that he has left, there needs to be an immediate replacement to fill the void. The contention from Mick Salih and Peter Kent-Baguley, amongst others, is wild essay that this role should not be taken by someone independent, an essay on school, officer of the council or a representative of prize distribution essay, any other body, but that it should now be held by picnic, Mohammed Pervez, since he is standing in for Mark Meredith as Elected Mayor, and that in June, the position should be taken by the incoming leader of the dissertation, council. Their reasoning for this is that, being a body which is to direct millions of pounds into regenerating North Staffordshire, the NSRP needs to be accountable to the people, and the only essay picnic, way of assuring that, is to have a representative of the people chairing the board. But there was some significant reluctance to even consider the proposal. Interim Chief Executive Chris Harman said that this was impossible, since the cat falling essay, board must elect a new leader from its current members under its constitution.

This would appear to contradict what the essay picnic, Sentinel reported in February when it published that the position would actually be advertised in the public domain when Mr Meredith’s reign comes to an end. But regardless of this bureaucratic argument, the buck stops with the city council, and therefore so should any decisions about the NSRP, and who is to be the essay exam, figurehead of essay, it. In the NSRP’s own business plan document for 2008-11, it clearly states in section 3.1: “The NSRP is an unincorporated body which has Stoke”“on-Trent City Council as its accountable body and brings together the paper topics, regeneration functions across North Staffordshire.”? If that is the case, then its chairperson should be an elected representative of picnic, that accountable body. The motion put forward by dissertation sections, Mick Salih was carried, with a vote of essay on school, 35-14, but only after the essay about ethics, wording had been changed to say that the council is “E?suggesting’ that the essay picnic, NSRP listens to their proposal rather than ordering them to do as they say. I support (as did the supporters of Trentham and Blurton who were present yesterday) Salih’s proposition and his motives wholeheartedly. This regeneration board is to determine plans to transform the area over the next twenty-five years ““ therefore it only essay exam, makes sense that instead of a paid official who could live anywhere else but here taking the directing role in essay, it, he or she who is elected to lead the “accountable”? city council, is the only person for prize essay, the job. I just hope that after the essay on school picnic, motion was watered down to wild cat falling “suggesting”? that the NSRP does not take an independent leader, the body does not simply refuse to pay any attention to our elected representatives’ “E?meddling’. New NSRP Managers announced, cost: ?500k.

Seven senior managers have been appointed by the North Staffordshire Regeneration Partnership (NSRP) which is leading the economic, social and environmental regeneration of Stoke-on-Trent, Newcastle-under-Lyme and the Staffordshire Moorlands. Picnic? The new managers, with a whopping £half-a-million combined salary, will play a key role in leading the regeneration of these areas and implementing the NSRP’s £1.5 billion business plan. The new managers are: The new managers will work together with NSRP managing director Tom Macartney and chief operating officer Hardial Bhogal. Councillor Adrian Knapper, (pictured) Stoke-on-Trent City Council portfolio holder for economic development and NSRP board member, said: We have one of the largest regeneration programmes in Britain under way in North Staffordshire. We are delighted with the quality and experience of our new senior managers. They have each proved their ability to deliver major regeneration projects previously and they will now help to make the ethics, transformation of North Staffordshire a reality.

MONEY FOR REGENERATION DESERVES FASTER RESULTS. These things take time, we are repeatedly told. But ten years ago, we heard that the skyline in Stoke-on-Trent would be full of cranes, fifteen years ago there was talk of a spanking-new bus station and a year later, businesses in Clough Street, Hanley, were being informed of imminent plans to on school picnic redevelop the wild essay, land ready for a new Tesco development. But we are still waiting. And in on school, the meantime the resultant barrenness that exists, while we await the magnificent transformation, threatens the write, fortunes of what we already have. In November last year, I spoke to various business-owners in the area around the proposed Tesco development, all of whom were at essay picnic hair-pulling point with the speed of progress.

Boss of car dealer Greenhous, Kevin Whitmore, told me “we just want it to happen now. Essay About Ethics? Passing traffic is down, and has been for a couple of years”?. The director of the Vauxhall garage, which stands in a street now more befitting to a Clint Eastwood production than an approach to a city-centre, is essay on school picnic understandably disillusioned. Paper On Jesus? He explained: “We decided eight years ago to stay here instead of moving to the Trentham Lakes because there was going to picnic be a new ring road and a Tesco attracting thousands of people a week. So it seemed like the right decision at the time.”? And the process is now undergoing further delays through a second public inquiry. We also have a business district which has been the prize, talk of many a coffee-and-biscuit adorned back-slapping session for essay on school, years, a crumbling bus station with a relic of a shopping precinct next door to it, ground-zero on the Century street site where yet another glamorous shopping centre plan recently fell down the mine-shaft, and the town that bore the short essay ethics, name of essay on school, our city relegated to becoming an area festooned with nothing but pubs and brothels ““ at distribution essay least those at the Civic Centre have somewhere to let their hair down after work. Oh, sorry, I forgot, we now have that wonderful piece of modern sculpture between Harry’s bar and the King’s Hall whose graffiti is on school testament to the fact that, despite what they imply in support of the academies project, we’re not all illiterate in Stoke.

Okay, I’m missing some of the things that have actually materialised, to be fair. I think it was Mike Wolfe who managed to get the park at Hanley its overhaul ““ and sections it’s now a great place to essay be, as is Forest Park, with its Europe-leading skate park and views of the city and essay beyond from that great slag heap by the lake. And we have the Trentham Lake site home to all sorts of commerce plus the Britannia, now sold back to essay on school picnic the club in a no-interest repayment plan. And there’s Trentham Gardens which has returned to its former glory, albeit without the outdoor pool and write dissertation through the efforts of a corporate owner now intent on milking it for every penny. But it just isn’t enough.

Two years ago Mark Meredith said at MIPIM in essay on school picnic, Cannes (a conference which leader of the essay, North Staffs Regeneration Partnership (NSRP) Tom Macartney has attended in the last few days): “Our city is changing at a remarkable pace. Let me tell you about where the city is coming from and more importantly where we are heading – the vision for a “E?City of Change’.”? Leaders of the council, soon-to-be two Elected Mayors, and essay picnic Chief Executives have come and gone, all with their own intentions of bringing the city back to prosperity. We constantly hear about the vast sums of money which have, and are being, dealt out to “E?masterminds’ to direct the plans. Over half-a-million pounds a year has been allocated purely for short essay ethics, the directors of the team involved with the different regeneration projects around the city, hundreds of thousands are being doled out to external consultants, and yet on essay on school picnic physical evidence, we are no nearer the essay exam, goal of turning Stoke-on-Trent into a city to rival similar cities which have sped ahead. I don’t begrudge these people their money from the coffers of the city council ““ so long as we actually get the results we were promised, and picnic so desperately need. If this doesn’t happen soon, the flow of people who can build a future for this city will, through necessity, go somewhere their skills are of use, in the direction of Manchester, Birmingham, London and paper on jesus frankly, anywhere else. Secretary of State Confirms Compulsory Purchase Order.

A compulsory purchase order for an area of essay on school picnic, run-down housing in Stoke-on-Trent. has been approved by Hazel Blears, Secretary of essay exam, State for Communities and essay picnic Local. The order affects an write dissertation sections, area of 237 properties in the Slater Street area of Middleport. The houses were proposed for clearance under the on school, Housing Act 1985 following detailed surveys that showed 128 of the essay paper, 237 houses had serious defects that put. the health and safety of occupants at risk – including cold, damp and structural failure. Stoke-on-Trent City Council made the decision to propose clearance for this area in May 2006.

Following 11 objections, a public inquiry took place in September and essay October 2008. In his decision letter the essay paper, inquiry inspector says there is essay on school picnic a “compelling case in the public interest” to confirm the compulsory purchase order. Regeneration of the Slater Street area is part of the RENEW North Staffordshire programme to regenerate the area, improve housing conditions and transform run-down neighbourhoods into essay paper topics popular places to live. The vast majority of residents in the Slater Street area have been successfully helped to find new homes. A wide range of support has been available to residents, including:

Compensation and interest free loans to buy a new home “Home swaps” to help residents into a new home Help to find an alternative housing association home Help to find a council rented home Independent advice through the Citizens Advice Bureau. The city council has acquired all but six of the 237 properties by agreement with the owners and has already demolished 198 of those to picnic remove the risk of vandalism, arson and theft in the area. Adrian Knapper, Stoke-on-Trent City Council portfolio holder for regeneration, said: “The city council proposed clearance in the Slater Street area because of the poor housing conditions and low demand for housing. “The Secretary of State and paper on jesus the inquiry inspector have sent out a clear message that the on school, evidence presented showed that clearance is the most appropriate way. forward to deal with these properties in this area. “The local authority has always helped and supported people during transformation taking place in this neighbourhood.

“The city council will now continue to offer assistance to the few people left who need to relocate and work with the essay exam, community to plan for the long-term.

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5 Step Data Security Plan for Small Businesses. If you like the 5 Step Data Security Plan for Small Businesses article, please share it below. A recent Trend Micro survey that showed that only 49 percent of small companies view data leakage as a serious threat, while 63 percent were more concerned about viruses. On School. Although it is understandable that more companies were concerned about viruses as opposed to data security leaks - for the simple reason that viruses are a more common occurrence - but data security leaks can be much more detrimental to the long term health of essay exam a small business. Essay. Here is an alarming statistic that all small businesses should be aware of essay regarding data security leaks. Essay On School. On November 3, 2010, the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse released a report that among other items showed that 80 percent of small businesses that experience a data breach either go bankrupt or have severe financial difficulties within two years. Small companies should be very concerned about data leakages, and let me share two examples of paper on jesus small business data security incidents I was involved with just in the past few months.

In the first incident an employee left a company (let's call Company A), but the employee's email account was not turned off. On School Picnic. There were no checks setup at Company A to paper on jesus delete employee access (email, network, etc), and the work email account was being forwarded to the former employee's personal email. While employed with Company A in a sales management role, the employee had setup a competing company, and essay picnic, when the employee left Company A, he continued to receive sales lead emails from Company A's clients. This continued for several months, and today Company A is having to spend several thousands of dollars in litigation in addition to short essay about facing the loss of several key clients. The second incident involved a colleague of mine. Her healthcare provider's office was broken into, and the computer was stolen.

This computer contained the financial and personal information of hundreds of patients. Personal banks accounts were accessed and essay, money was stolen among other things. When a credit card is cat falling essay, breached it is essay on school, a major inconvenience, but it can be stopped relatively quickly. When a bank account is breached, it becomes a much more difficult issue to deal with and fix. This business lost the trust of hundreds of patients in dissertation addition to putting their financial and personal information at risk. On School. This could have been easily prevented by encrypting the computer, which by the way can also be done for prize distribution essay, free. I will reiterate the data leakage statistic. 80 percent of small businesses that experience a data breach either go bankrupt or have severe financial difficulties within two years. Small businesses should be very concerned about essay on school picnic, data leakage, and in this article, I will cover a 5 step security plan that every small business can follow to topics protect their assets. This 5 step security plan will be based off similar concepts that you will find in ISO 27001 data security, and although it will not be nearly as comprehensive as ISO 27001, it will be a strong foundation for protecting your company's assets.

Step 1 - Asset Identification/Classification and Risk Assessment. Identify Information Assets. The first step is to identify your information assets. Examples would be computers, phones, servers, fax machines, paper, flash drives/removable media, etc. A good rule of essay on school picnic thumb is that if it contains client or business proprietary data, then it should be considered an information asset. Once you have identified your information assets, then you will need to tag and inventory the short essay about assets. It can be as simple as using the essay on school serial number and description of the asset and inventorying it in short essay ethics an excel spreadsheet to barcoding and tagging each asset and inventorying in on school picnic a database. In addition assign an owner, generally a department head, for every asset. Classify Information Assets. Once you have identified the assets, you need to classify them in essay topics a level of importance. Keep your classification system simple with High, Medium, and Low.

Assets that contain client information or proprietary company information would obviously have the highest level of picnic importance while assets that contain company marketing information might be given a low classification. Risk Assessment of Information Assets. Paper On Jesus. The final step would be to on school develop a risk assessment either for each asset class (eg. computers, phones, paper, etc) or for each asset classification (high, medium, low), and determine the risks you are willing to accept. You first need to determine the paper topics threat, vulnerability, and impact (TVI) on each individual asset or class of asset. The threat to the asset would list the different reasons/methods of on school how the asset could fail. Paper On Jesus. The vulnerability is the situation that could lead to this failure. The impact is the influence of the effect on the integrity, confidentiality, and reasonable availability of the information asset.

Keep this process simple. Essay Picnic. Let's take a laptop for example. Although there are a multitude of threats, you should narrow down the list to the most common such as theft, virus, damage in dissertation sections transit, etc. The vulnerability for essay, a laptop will obviously be higher because it may often be carried away from the office as opposed to a desktop computer. The impact of the loss of the laptop would depend on the data contained on the laptop, and you may choose to limit the data contained on a laptop because it is considered a more vulnerable asset. Once you have determined the TVI for each asset or asset classification, you can then create a risk assessment matrix which is simply the impact a disruption to each asset or asset class would cause to your company, and the probability of it happening. Once again keep it simple, and write, just use High, Medium, and Low classifications. The final step of the risk assessment process is to determine the level of risk you are willing to accept, and apply controls to essay on school manage the risks. Once again you should create risk classifications such as Tolerable, Moderate, Substantial, and Intolerable. When it is paper on jesus, decided to apply controls to treat risks, the controls chosen should take into account the essay following: Any relevant state and national legislation that applies to your business area Your company's business objectives Operational requirements and prize essay, constraints Cost of implementation and picnic, operation in cat falling relation to the risk being treated Investment costs of the controls in relation to the possible harm from a security failure. Essay Picnic. So let's now look at an example of essay exam identifying an essay on school picnic asset, classifying it, determining the level of risk you are willing to accept, and the controls you put in place to dissertation sections protect the asset.

Asset : Network server that contains your company data. Classification : High because it contains classified and irreplaceable date. Threats : HDD failure, virus, theft. Level of Risk You Accept : You would want to picnic take enhanced security measures such as keeping it locked up, behind a network firewall, and backed up. But it may be too expensive to backup your main server with a second server for real-time redundancy. In this case, to reduce costs but still ensure a backup in dissertation sections case of an on school picnic emergency, you might be willing to accept a little added risk by backing your server up to tape which will require a longer downtime (takes longer to restore a backup tape) if the server was damaged.

Follow these steps, and you will clearly understand your information assets and ethics, the controls you need to on school picnic put in essay exam place to protect them. And as you add new assets, update your database accordingly. Step 2 - Network and Physical Access Security Controls. Network, Computer, and Email Access Controls. Require all employees to essay on school picnic use password authentication to access their computers, the corporate network, and email.

Set computer passwords to sections expire every 90 days. Use strong passwords - Minimum of 10 characters, combination of at least 3 of the following 4 (letters, numbers, special characters, capitalized or lower-cased characters), do not use common words. It may be necessary to give employees different levels of access depending on the data stored on your corporate network. For example if you store personal client information (credit card, bank account, social security number, etc) on your corporate network, then you should determine which employees need access. Clear desk clear screen policy - All employees should be required to adhere to a clear desk, clear screen policy. When they leave their work computer, they should sign off to prevent an unauthorized user from picnic, accessing. You can setup a password protected screensaver that will activate after 10 minutes in cat falling essay case the employee forgets to sign out. In addition ensure that employees do not leave sensitive printed information on their desks unattended. Mobile computing - If you allow employees to access your corporate network via mobile access programs such as VPN, ensure that connections to your network are securely authenticated and that mobile computers are password protected. In addition consider passwords for essay on school picnic, employee mobile phones if the short essay ethics phones are used for company email access. Physical Access Controls.

If you keep network servers on your company premises, then ensure they are encrypted and kept behind locked doors at a minimum. Limit employee access to servers. The type of corporate data you store on your company premises will have a direct impact on the type of physical access controls required. Picnic. If the data is essay ethics, sensitive, then consider enhanced access security such as biometric, video cameras, third party security monitoring, etc. Many of essay on school picnic these controls can be put in place rather inexpensively. If you host your corporate networks at cat falling essay a remote third party facility, keep it local if possible, and picnic, tour the remote facilities to ensure they have the proper physical and environmental protections.

Review of Access Controls. Once you have your physical and essay paper, network security controls in place, it is on school picnic, crucial to review access controls. For example when employees leave your company, you want to ensure they no longer have access to any data. Your access control review schedule will depend on the amount of employee turnover at your company. If the turnover is dissertation, more frequent, you should review access controls on a monthly basis. If it is less frequent, quarterly reviews will be more appropriate.

You will want to check email, network, phone, mobile, and physical access controls. Set calendar reminders, and stick to the schedule. Follow these steps to ensure proper network and physical security access controls in addition to setting a review schedule. Step 3 - Network and Personal Computer Security Controls. Encryption is probably one of the cheapest and most secure steps a small business can take. Encrypt your corporate server, work computers, laptops, flash drives, etc, and even if they are stolen, the data will still be safe from intrusion. On School. In addition if you send sensitive data via email, encrypt the emails using a program such as MessageLock. or PGP email encryption. Make sure you have anti-virus software on all of your work computers, and distribution essay, keep them updated. A good selection of picnic anti-virus software. Downloads and System Acceptance.

Know the cat falling essay types of essay downloads you need to make to dissertation update and add software. In addition test new downloads and programs for system acceptance on an isolated (from your office network) system before running it company wide. Ideally run all downloads, upgrades, etc., through one person such as a network administrator or if you outsource to an IT company. On School. Firewall and Internet Connection. Ensure that you have your network or computers behind a firewall, and update it with security updates. In addition you should routinely (quarterly or bi-annually) scan your firewall for ethics, vulnerabilities and essay on school, fix any issues. OpenVAS is a good free vulnerability scanning software.

Although I do not recommend it, if you use a wireless network in your office for your internet connection, use WPA2 encryption. If you have an e-commerce site, use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) for receiving or transmitting credit card information in addition to write other financial data. Network and Computer Backups. Picnic. If you are a very small company with only a few computers, then you can easily backup to a flash drive or hard drive and take it offsite or keep it locked in short essay a good secure (ie. bolted down) fireproof safe. In addition you should encrypt the flash drive, or any backup media for that matter. You also have the option of backing up to online sites like Mozy or Carbonite. Essay. If you have a networked shop with multiple computers and servers, then backing up to tape is a good choice because it is inexpensive, and it is portable so you can send the tapes offsite to paper on jesus a storage facility. Setup a monthly or quarterly reminder to request one tape back at random from the offsite storage facility so you can conduct a test restore of the tape to check for corruption. In addition you will also get a feel for how accurate and reliable the picnic offsite storage facility is in essay paper returning your tapes. Did they return the exact tape you requested?

Did they return it when you requested? etc, etc. No matter what type of backup you are doing, get in the habit of essay doing it on a regular schedule either daily, weekly, or a combo of both. If you have to do the backups manually, set up calendar reminders until it becomes a habit. Paper On Jesus. Keep records of your backups. And do test restores from on school picnic, time-to-time to make sure there is no corruption of any kind.

Third party network security checks. In addition you should consider bringing in a third party at least once a year to check for additional network and computer vulnerabilities. Follow these steps to ensure proper network and personal computer security controls. Step 4 - Paper document controls. Information Classification Policy. Paper On Jesus. The first step to essay picnic securing your paper documents is to classify them. Keep your classification system simple, and I recommend no more than four classifications for document assets.

Public - This type of information is not confidential and can be made public. Write. Examples of this classification type are marketing materials. Proprietary - You would restrict this type of information to management-approved internal and external access. Examples of on school this classification type are policies and procedures. In some cases these document types may be required by clients to review the operational structure of your business. Client Confidential - Defined as information received from your customers that is paper on jesus, proprietary and confidential.

An example of this type of information is customer bank account info. This information type is restricted to management-approved internal access only. Company Confidential - This is confidential information that your company uses to essay on school conduct business. Examples of this type of classification are financial documents or personal employee information. Write Sections. You would tightly restrict access to this information within your company only. Once you have classified your documents, consider setting up document templates and incorporate the document classifications which enable you to correctly monitor the dissemination of your documents.

If any sensitive documents are marked as trash, then shred them. Keep documents that need to be shredded locked up until you shred them. This would also be part of on school your clean desk policy as you would not leave sensitive documents unmonitored on employee desks. Keep filing cabinets locked at all times, and essay exam, if feasible keep them behind locked doors. Keep keys locked in essay on school a single location with limited access. Paper On Jesus. Follow these steps to ensure proper paper document security controls. Step 5 - General security controls. Employee Background Checks and Training for new Hires.

Run criminal history and credit background checks on your employees especially for those that will be handling sensitive information. Essay. Check their references both personal and professional. Review the about ethics Privacy Rights Clearinghouse Small Business Owner Background Check Guide to learn more about employee background checks. In addition conduct training for new hires to make them familiar with your security policies and procedures. Depending on the sensitivity of the essay on school picnic data stored at your office location, consider a third party review at least yearly. You could conduct a review of your complete security procedures in addition to network and physical security access. If you have a constant flow of visitors to wild essay your office, consider a visitor policy. There are several options for on school picnic, a visitor policy, once again depending on the sensitivity the data stored in your office. Prize. Options include sign-in/sign-out sheet, ID check, name tags, and essay picnic, designated areas that are off limits to visitors without a company escort. Incident Management System. Keep a system for logging any type of security incidents, how you corrected the issue, and write sections, how you will prevent it in the future.

This can be as simple as an on school excel spreadsheet up to a tracking database. Depending on the size of essay your company and the sensitivity of the essay on school picnic customer data you store, the write emergency response plan would be a key cornerstone of a business continuity plan (BCP). Smaller companies can almost use their emergency response plan as a BCP. Keep the picnic emergency response plan simple and direct, and key elements to be included are as follows: A plan to determine who is in charge and who is essay, responsible for essay on school, each action covered below. Key personnel contact information - Obviously for contact but also to set in motion pre-assigned duties and responsibilities. Key contact information for service providers such as third party network administrators, security monitoring, phone, internet, etc. Key contact information for your local police in addition to your legal representation Backup communications plan.

The goal of your emergency response plan and the 5 Step Data Security plan in general is to ensure all preparations have been made to minimize the severity of any security incidents or emergencies in addition to short personal danger and physical property damage. In addition you want to ensure you have an effective communication plan to initiate recovery operations and to get your business up and running asap if there is any down-time. This concludes my 5 Step Data Security Plan for Small Businesses. Picnic. There are of prize distribution course additional layers of essay security procedures and policies you can add or subtract, and that is a decision you must make as a business owner to determine the essay paper topics level of protection needed for your data and on school picnic, your customer's data. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me today.

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essay surrealism In just how inconspicuous and peripheral a substance the dialectical kernel that later grew into Surrealism was originally embedded, was shown by Aragon in 1924 'at a time when its development could not yet be foreseen' in his Vague de reves. Today it can be foreseen. For there is no doubt that the heroic phase, whose catalogue of heroes Aragon left us in essay on school picnic that work, is over. There is always, in such movements, a moment when the original tension of the secret society must either explode in a matter-of-fact, profane struggle for power and domination, or decay as a public demonstration and be transformed. Surrealism is in this phase of transformation at present.

But at the time when it broke over its founders as an distribution essay, inspiring dream wave, it seemed the most integral, conclusive, absolute of essay on school picnic movements. Everything with which it came into contact was integrated. Life only essay exam seemed worth living where the threshold between waking and sleeping was worn away in everyone as by the steps of multitudinous images flooding back and forth, language only seemed itself where, sound and essay picnic image, image and sound interpenetrated with automatic precision and cat falling such felicity that no chink was left for the penny-in-the-slot called 'meaning'. On School! Image and language take precedence. Saint-Pol Roux, retiring to bed about daybreak, fixes a notice on his door: 'Poet at work.' Breton notes: 'Quietly. I want to pass where no one yet has passed, quietly! ' After you, dearest language.' Language takes precedence. Not only before meaning. Paper On Jesus! Also before the self. In the world's structure dream loosens individuality like a bad tooth. This I loosening of the self by intoxication is, at on school the same time, precisely the fruitful, living experience that allowed these people to step outside the domain of intoxication.

This is not the place to give an exact definition of Surrealist experience. But anyone who has perceived that the writings of this circle are not literature but something else'demonstrations, watchwords, documents, bluffs, forgeries if you will, but at any rate not literature'will also know, for paper on jesus the same reason, that the writings are concerned literally with experiences, not with theories and still less with phantasms. And these experiences are by no means limited to dreams, hours of hashish eating, or opium smoking. It is a cardinal error to believe that, of 'Surrealist experiences', we know only the religious ecstasies or the ecstasies of drugs. The opium of the people, Lenin called religion, and brought the two things closer together than the Surrealists could have liked. I shall refer later to the bitter, passionate revolt against Catholicism in which Rimbaud, Lautreamont, and on school Apollinaire brought Surrealism into the world. But the true creative overcoming of religious illumination certainly does not lie in narcotics. It resides in dissertation a profane illumination, ' a materialistic, anthropological inspiration, to essay picnic which hashish, opium, or whatever else can give an essay ethics, introductory lesson. On School! (But a dangerous one; and the religious lesson is sections stricter.) This profane illumination did not always find the essay picnic, Surrealists equal to it, or to themselves, and the very writings that proclaim it most powerfully, Aragon's incomparable Paysan de Paris and Breton's Nadja, show very disturbing symptoms of essay deficiency. Essay On School Picnic! For example, there is in Nadja an excellent passage on the 'delightful days spent looting Paris under the sign of Sacco and essay exam Vanzetti'; Breton adds the assurance that in those days Boulevard Bonne-Nouvelle fulfilled the strategic promise of revolt 'that had always been implicit in its name.

But Madame Sacco also appears, not the wife of on school picnic Fuller's victim but a voyante, a fortune-teller who lives at 3 rue des Usines and tells Paul Eluard that he can expect no good from Nadja. Now I concede that the breakneck career of write dissertation Surrealism over essay on school roof'tops, lightning conductors, gutters, verandas, weathercocks, stucco work'all ornaments are grist to the cat burglar's mill-may have taken it also into the humid backroom of spiritualism. But I am not pleased to write dissertation sections hear it cautiously tapping on the window-panes to inquire about its future. Who would not wish to see these adoptive children of essay on school picnic revolution most rigorously severed from all the goings-on in the conventicles of down-at-heel dowagers, retired majors, and emigre profiteers? In other respects Breton's book illustrates well a number of the basic characteristics of this 'profane illumination'. He calls Nadja 'a book with a banging door'. (In Moscow I lived in a hotel in essay exam which almost all the rooms were occupied by Tibetan lamas who had come to Moscow for a congress of essay picnic Buddhist churches. I was struck by the number of doors in the corridors that were always left ajar.

What had at first seemed accidental began to paper on jesus be disturbing. I found out that in essay on school picnic these rooms lived members of a sect who had sworn never to write occupy closed rooms. The shock I had then must be felt by the reader of Nadja.) To live in a glass house is a revolutionary virtue par excellence. It is also an intoxica'tion, a moral exhibitionism, that we badly need. Discretion concerning one's own existence, once an on school picnic, aristocratic virtue, has become more and cat falling essay more an affair of petty-bourgeois parvenus. On School! Nadja has achieved the true, creative synthesis between the art novel and the roman-a-clef. Moreover, one need only take love seriously to recognize in it, too'as Nadja also indicates'a 'profane illumination'. 'At just that time' (i.e., when he knew Nadja), the author tells us, 'I took a great interest in the epoch of Louis VII, because it was the time of the 'courts of love', and I tried to picture with great inten'sity how people saw life then.' We have from a recent author quite exact information on essay exam, Provencal love poetry, which comes surprisingly close to the Surrealist conception of love. On School! 'All the poets of the 'new style',' Erich Auerback points out in his excellent Dante: Poet of the Secular World, 'possess a mystical beloved, they all have approximately the same very curious experience of love; to them all Amor bestows or withholds gifts that resemble an illumination more than sensual pleasure; all arc subject to a kind of secret bond that determines their inner and perhaps also their outer-lives'. Wild Cat Falling Essay! The dialectics of intoxication are indeed curious. Essay On School! Is not perhaps all ecstasy in one world humiliating sobriety in that complementary to it?

What is it that courtly Minne seeks'and it, not love, binds Breton to the telepathic girl'if not to make chastity, too, a transport? Into a world that borders not only on tombs of the Sacred Heart or altars to the Virgin, but also on the morning before a battle or after a victory. The lady, in write dissertation esoteric love, matters least. So, too, for essay picnic Breton. Paper On Jesus! He is closer to the things that Nadja is close to than to essay picnic her. What are these things? Nothing could reveal more about Surrealism than their canon. Wild! Where shall I begin? He can boast an extraordinary discovery. On School! He was the first to perceive the wild cat falling, revolutionary energies that appear in the 'outmoded', in on school the first iron constructions, the first factory buildings, the essay exam, earliest photos, the objects .that have 'begun to essay on school picnic be extinct, grand pianos, the dresses of five years ago, fashionable restaurants when the vogue has begun to ebb from them. The relation of these things to revolution'no one can have a more exact concept of essay exam it than these authors.

No one before these visionaries and augurs perceived how destitution'not only social but architectonic, the poverty of interiors/enslaved and enslaving 'objects- can be suddenly transformed into revolutionary nihilism. Leaving aside Aragon's Passage de I'Opera, Breton and Nadja are the lovers who convert everything that we have experienced on'mournful railway journeys (railways are beginning to age), on on school, Godforsaken Sunday afternoons in the proletarian quarters of the distribution, great cities, in the first glance through the rain-blurred window of essay picnic a new apartment, into revolutionary experience, if not action. They bring the immense forces of 'atmosphere' concealed in these things to cat falling the point of explosion. What form do you suppose a life would' take that was determined at picnic a decisive moment precisely by the street song last on everyone's lips? The trick by which this world of things is mastered'it is more , proper to speak of write dissertation sections a trick than a method-consists in the substitu'tion of a political for a historical view of the past. '0pen, graves, you, the picnic, dead of the picture galleries, corpses behind screens, in palaces, castles, and monasteries, here stands the fabulous keeper of keys holding a bunch of the keys to all times, who knows where to press the most artful lock and write dissertation invites you to step into the midst of the world of today, to mingle with the bearers of burdens, the essay, mechanics whom money ennobles, to make yourself at home in their automobiles, which are beautiful as armour from the age of chivalry, to take your places in the international sleeping cars, and to weld yourself to all the people who today are still proud of their privileges. But civilization will give them short shrift.' This speech was attributed to Apollinaire by his friend Henri Hertz. Apollinaire originated this technique. About Ethics! In his volume of novellas, L'heresiarque, he used it with Machiavellian calculation to blow Catholicism (to which he inwardly clung) to smithereens. At the centre of this world of things stands the most dreamed-of of picnic their objects, the city of Paris itself. But only revolt completely exposes its Surrealist face (deserted streets in which whistles and shots dictate the outcome).

And no face is surrealistic in essay exam the same 'degree as the true face of a city. No picture by de Chirico or Max Ernst can match the sharp elevations of the city's inner strong-holds, which one must overrun and occupy in order to master their fate and, in essay on school their fate, in the fate of their masses, one's own.'Nadja is an exponent of these masses and of what inspires them to revolution: 'The great living, sonorous unconsciousness that inspires my only convincing acts, in the sense that I always want to prove that it commands forever everything that is mine.' Here, therefore, we find the catalogue of these fortifications, from Place Maubert, where as nowhere else dirt has retained all its symbolic power, to the 'Theatre Moderne', which I am inconsolable not to have known. But in Breton's description of her bar on the upper floor''it is quite dark, with arbours like impenetrable tunnels'a drawing room on the bottom of a lake''there is something that brings back to my memory that most uncomprehended room in the old Princess Cafe. It was the back room on the first floor, with couples in the blue light. We called it the 'anatomy school'; it was the last restaurant designed for love. In such passages in Breton, photography intervenes in a very strange way. Wild! It makes the streets, gates, squares of the city into illustrations .of a trashy novel, draws off the banal obviousness of this ancient ' architecture to essay on school inject it with the most pristine intensity toward the events described, to which, as in old chambermaids' books, word-for-word quotations with page numbers refer. And all the parts of Paris that appear here are places where what is between these people turns like a revolving door.

The Surrealists' Paris, too, is a 'little universe'. That is to say, in the larger one, the topics, cosmos, things look no different. There, too, are crossroads where ghostly signals flash from the traffic, and inconceivable analogies and connections between events are the order of the day. It is the region from essay which the lyric poetry of Surrealism reports. And this must be noted if only to counter the obligatory misunderstanding of l'art pour l'art. For art's sake was scarcely ever to be taken literally; it was almost always a flag under which sailed a cargo that could not be declared because it still lacked a name. This is the moment to embark on a work that would illuminate as has no other the crisis of the arts that we are witnessing: a history of esoteric poetry. Nor is it by any means fortuitous that no such work yet exists. For written as it demands to be written'that is, not as a collection to which particular 'specialists' all contribute 'what is most worth knowing' from their fields, but as the deeply grounded composition of an individual who, from short essay inner compulsion, portrays less a historical evolution than a constantly renewed, primal upsurge of esoteric poetry' written in such a way it would be one of essay on school picnic those scholarly confessions that can be counted in every century. The last page would have to show an X-ray picture of Surrealism.

Breton indicates in his Introduction au discours sur le 'peu de realite 'how the philosophical realism of the Middle Ages was the basis of poetic experience. This realism, however'that is, the sections, belief in a real, separate existence of concepts whether outside or inside things'has always very quickly crossed over from the logical realm of ideas to the magical realm of words. Essay On School Picnic! And it is as magical experiments with words, not as artistic dabbling, that we must understand the passionate phonetic and graphical transformational games that have run through the whole literature of the avant-garde for the past fifteen years, whether it is called Futurism, Dadaism, or Surrealism. How slogans, magic formulas, and concepts are here intermingled is shown by the following words of Apollinaire's from his last manifesto, L'esprit nouveau et les poetes. He says, in 1918: 'For the speed and simplicity with which we have all become used to referring by a single word to such complex entities as a crowd, a nation, the universe, there is no modern equivalent in literature. But todays writers fill this gap; their synthetic works create new realities the wild essay, plastic manifestations of on school which are just as complex as those referred to essay by the words standing for on school collectives.'If, however, Apollinaire and Breton advance even more energetically in the same direction and complete the linkage of Surrealism to the outside world with the essay, declaration: 'The conquests of science rest far more on a surrealistic than on a logical thinking'- if, in other words, they make mystification, the culmination of which Breton sees in essay on school picnic poetry (which is defensible), the foundation of scientific and technical development, too'then such integration is too im'petuous. It is very instructive to compare the movement's over-precipitate embrace of the uncomprehended miracle of machines ''the old fables have for the most part been realized, now it is the turn of dissertation poets to create new ones that the inventors on their side can then make real' (Apollinaire)'to compare these overheated fantasies with the well-ventilated Utopias of a Scheerbart. 'The thought of all human activity makes me laugh.' This 'utterance of Aragon's shows very clearly the path Surrealism had to follow from its origins to its politicization. In his excellent essay 'La revolution et les intellectuels', Pierre Naville, who originally belonged to this group, rightly called this development dialectical. In the transformation of a highly contemplative attitude into revolutionary oppositior, the hostility of the bourgeoisie toward every manifestation of radical intellectual freedom played a leading part.

This hostility pushed Surrealism to the left. On School Picnic! Political events, above all the war in Morocco, accelerated this develop'ment. With the manifesto 'Intellectuals Against the Moroccan War', which appeared in L'Humanite, a fundamentally different platform was gained from that which was characterized by, for example, the famous scandal at the Saint-Pol-Roux banquet. Sections! At that time, shortly after the war, when the Surrealists, who deemed the on school, celebration for a poet they worshipped compromised by the presence of nationalistic elements, burst out with the wild cat falling essay, cry 'Long live Germany', they remained within the boundaries of scandal, toward which, as is known, the bourgeoisie is as thick-skinned as it is sensitive to all action. There is remarkable agreement between the ways in which, under such political auspices, Apollinaire and Aragon saw the future of the poet. The chapters 'Persecution' and 'Murder' in Apollinaire's Poete assassine contain the essay on school picnic, famous description of a pogrom against poets. Publish'ing houses are stormed, books of poems thrown on the fire, poets lynched. Distribution! And the same scenes are taking place at the same time all over the world. Essay! In Aragon, 'Imagination', in anticipation of such horrors, calls its company to a last crusade. To understand such prophecies, and to assess strategically the line arrived at by Surrealism, one must investigate the mode of thought widespread among the so-called well-meaning left-wing bourgeois intelligentsia. It manifests itself clearly enough in the present Russian orientation of these circles.

We are not of course referring here to Beraud, who pioneered the lie about cat falling, Russia, or to Fabre-Luce, who trots behind him like a devoted donkey, loaded with every kind of bourgeois ill-will. Essay On School! But how problematic is even the typical mediating book by Duhamel. How difficult to bear is the strained uprightness, the forced animation and sincerity of the short about ethics, Protestant method, dictated by embarrassment and essay on school lin'guistic ignorance, of placing things in some kind of symbolic illumination. Paper On Jesus! How revealing his resume: 'the true, deeper revolution, which could in some sense transform the substance of the Slavonic soul itself, has not yet taken place.' It is typical of these left-wing French intellectuals'exactly as it is of their Russian counterparts, too'that their positive function derives entirely from a feeling of obligation, not to the Revolution, but to essay traditional culture. Their collective achievement, as far as it is positive, approximates conservation. But politically and economically they must always be considered a potential source of wild cat falling sabotage. Characteristic of this whole left-wing bourgeois position is its irremediable coupling of idealistic morality with political practice. Only in contrast to the helpless compromises of essay picnic 'sentiment' arc certain central features of distribution Surrealism, indeed of the Surrealist tradition, to be understood. Little has happened so far to promote this understanding.

The seduction was too great to regard the Satanism of a Rimbaud and a Lautreamont as a pendant to on school picnic art for wild art's sake in an inventory of snobbery. On School! If, however, one resolves to open up this romantic dummy, one finds something usable inside. One finds the cult of evil as a political device, however romantic, to disinfect and isolate against wild essay, all moralizing dilettantism. Convinced of this, and coming across the scenario of a horror play by Breton that centres about a violation of children, one might perhaps go back a few decades. Between 1865 and 1875 a number of essay on school great anarchists, without knowing of one another, worked on their infernal machines. And the essay about ethics, astonishing thing is that independently of one another they set its clock at exactly the same hour, and forty years later in Western Europe the writings of essay picnic Dostoyevsky, Rimbaud, and Lautreamont exploded at short about the same time. One might, to be more exact, select from Dostoyevsky's entire work the one episode that was actually not published until about essay on school, 1915, 'Stavrogin's Confession' from The Possessed. This chapter, which touches very closely on the third canto of the paper on jesus, Chants de Maldoror, contains a justification of evil in which certain motifs of Surrealism are more powerfully expressed than by any of its present spokesmen. For Stavrogin is a Surrealist avant la lettre.

No one else understood, as he did, how naive is the view of the Philistines that goodness, for all the manly virtue of those who practise it, is God-inspired; whereas evil stems entirely from our spontaneity, and in it we are independent and self-sufficient beings. No one else saw inspiration, as he did, in even the essay on school picnic, most ignoble actions, and precisely in them. He considered vileness itself as something preformed, both in the course of the world and also in ourselves, to which we are disposed if not called, as the bourgeois idealist sees virtue. Essay! Dostoyevsky's God created not only heaven and earth and man and beast, but also baseness, vengeance, cruelty. And here, too, he gave the devil no opportunity to meddle in his handiwork. That is why all these vices have a pristine vitality in his work; they are perhaps not 'splendid', but eternally new, 'as on the first day', separated by an infinity from the cliches through which sin is essay on school perceived by essay the Philistine.

The pitch of tension that enabled the poets under discussion to achieve at a distance their astonishing effects is documented quite scurrilously in the letter Isidore Ducasse addressed to his publisher on essay picnic, October 23, 1869, in an attempt to make his poetry look acceptable. He places himself in the line of descent from Mickiewicz, Milton, Southey, Alfred de Musset, Baudelaire, and says: 'Of course, I somewhat swelled the note to bring something new into write, this literature that, after all, only sings of despair in order to depress the reader and thus make him long all the more intensely for goodness as a remedy. So that in the end one really sings only of goodness, only the essay on school, method is more philosophical and less naive than that of the old school, of essay exam which only Victor Hugo and a few others are still alive.' But if Lautreamont's erratic book has any lineage at all, or, rather, can be assigned one, it is that of insurrection. Soupault's attempt, in his edition of the essay, complete works in 1927, to write a political curriculum vitae for wild Isidore Ducasse was therefore a quite understandable and not unperceptive venture. Unfortunately, there is no documentation for it, and essay on school picnic that adduced by Soupault rests on a confusion. On the other hand, and happily, a similar attempt in the case of Rimbaud was successful, and it is the achievement of Marcel Coulon to have defended the poet's true image against the Catholic usurpation by Claudel and Berrichon. Write! Rimbaud is indeed a Catholic, but he is one, by his own account, in the most wretched part of himself, which he does not tire of denouncing and consigning to his own and everyone's hatred, his own and everyone's contempt: the part that forces him to confess that he does not understand revolt. But that is the concession of a communard dissatisfied with his own contribution who, by essay picnic the time he turned his back on poetry, had long since'in his earliest work'taken leave of religion. 'Hatred, to you I have entrusted my treasure', he writes in the Saison en enfer. This is another dictum around which a poetics of Surrealism might grow like a climbing plant, to cat falling essay sink its roots deeper than the theory of 'surprised' creation originated by Apollinaire, to the depth of the insights of Poe. Since Bakunin, Europe has lacked a radical concept of essay picnic freedom.

The Surrealists have one. They are the essay, first to liquidate the sclerotic liberal-moral-humanistic ideal of freedom, because they are convinced that 'freedom, which on picnic, this earth can only be bought with a thousand of the hardest sacrifices, must be enjoyed unrestrictedly in write its fullness without any kind of on school pragmatic calculation, as long as it lasts.' And this proves to them that 'mankind's struggle for liberation in its simplest revolutionary form (which, however, is liberation in every respect), remains the only cause worth serving.' But are they successful in welding this experience of freedom to the other revolutionary experience that we have to acknowledge because it has been ours, the constructive, dictatorial side of revolution? In short, have they bound revolt to revolution? How are we to imagine an existence oriented solely toward Boulevard Bonne-Nouvelle, in rooms by essay exam Le Corbusier and Oud? To win the energies of intoxication for essay the revolution'this is the project about which Surrealism circles in all its books and enterprises.

This it may call its most particular task. For them it is not enough that, as we know, an ecstatic component lives in every revolutionary act. Paper Topics! This component is identical with the anarchic. But to place the essay on school picnic, accent exclusively on it would be to subordinate the methodical and essay exam disciplinary preparation for revolution entirely to a praxis oscillating between fitness exercises and celebration in advance. Added to this is an inadequate, undialectical conception of the nature of intoxication. The aesthetic of the painter, the essay picnic, poet, en etat de surprise, of art as the reaction of one surprised, is enmeshed in a number of pernicious romantic prejudices. Any serious explora'tion of occult, surrealistic, phantasmagoric gifts and phenomena presupposes a dialectical intertwinement to which a romantic turn of mind is write sections impervious. For histrionic or fanatical stress on essay, the mysterious side of the essay exam, mysterious takes us no further; we penetrate the mystery only to the degree that we recognize it in the everyday world, by virtue of a dialectical optic that perceives the everyday as impenetrable, the impenetrable as everyday. On School! The most passionate investigation of telepathic phenomena, for write example, will not teach us half as much about reading (which is an eminently telepathic process), as the essay picnic, profane illumination of reading about telepathic phenomena. And the ethics, most passionate investigation of the hashish trance will not teach us half as much about thinking (which is eminently narcotic), as the profane illumination of thinking about the hashish trance. On School Picnic! The reader, the thinker, the loiterer, the flaneur, are types of illuminati just as much as the essay about ethics, opium eater, the dreamer, the ecstatic.

And more profane. Not to essay on school mention that most terrible drug'ourselves'which we take in solitude. To win the energies of intoxication for the revolution''in other words, poetic politics? 'We have tried that beverage. Anything, rather than that!' Well, it will interest you all the more how much an excursion into poetry clarifies things. For what is the programme of the bourgeois parties? A bad poem on springtime, filled to bursting with metaphors. The socialist sees that 'finer future of our children and grandchildren' in a condition in write dissertation sections which all act 'as if they were angels', and everyone has as much 'as if he were rich', and essay on school everyone lives 'as if he were free'. Of angels, wealth, freedom, not a trace. These are mere images. And the stock imagery of these poets of the social-democratic associations?

Their gradus ad parnassum? 'Optimism. Prize Distribution! A very different air is breathed in the Naville essay that makes the 'organization of pessimism' the call of the hour. In the essay, name of his literary friends he delivers an ultimatum in dissertation face of essay picnic which this unprincipled, dilettantish optimism must unfailingly show its true colours: where are the conditions for revolution? In the changing of atti'tudes or of external circumstances? That is the cardinal question that determines the relation of politics to morality and paper cannot be glossed over. Surrealism has come ever closer to the Communist answer. And that means pessimism all along the line.

Absolutely. Mistrust in the fate of literature, mistrust in the fate of freedom, mistrust in the fate of European humanity, but three times mistrust in all reconciliation: between classes, between nations, between individuals. And unlimited trust only in I. G. Farben and the peaceful perfection of the air force. But what now, what next? Here due weight must be given to the insight that in the Traite du style, Aragon's last book, required in distinction between metaphor and image, a happy insight into questions of style that needs extending. Extension: nowhere do these two'metaphor and image'collide so drastically and so irreconcilably as in politics. For to essay organize pessimism means nothing other than to expel moral metaphor from politics and to discover in political action a sphere reserved one hundred percent for images. This image sphere, however, can no longer be measured out by contemplation. Write Dissertation! If it is the double task of the revolutionary intelligentsia to overthrow the intellectual predominance of the bourgeoisie and to on school make contact with the proletarian masses, the prize essay, intelligentsia has failed almost entirely in the second part of this task because it can no longer be performed contemplatively. And yet this has hindered hardly anybody from essay on school picnic approaching it again and write sections again as if it could, and calling for proletarian poets, thinkers, and essay artists. Cat Falling! To counter this, Trotsky had to point out'as early as Literature and Revolution' that such artists would only emerge from a victorious revolution.

In reality it is far less a matter of essay making the artist of bourgeois origin into a master of 'proletarian art' than of deploying him, even at the expense of his artistic activity, at important points in this sphere of imagery. Indeed, might not perhaps the interruption of cat falling his 'artistic career' be an essential part of his new function? The jokes he tells are the better for it. And he tells them better. For in the joke, too, in invective, in essay misunderstanding, in all cases where an action puts forth its own image and paper on jesus exists, absorbing and consuming it, where nearness looks with its own eyes, the long-sought image sphere is opened, the world of universal and integral actualities, where the 'best room' is missing'the sphere, in a word, in which political materialism and physical nature share the inner man, the psyche, the essay picnic, individual, or whatever else we wish to throw to distribution essay them, with dialectical justice, so that no limb remains unrent.

Nevertheless'indeed, precisely after such dialectical annihilation'this will still be a sphere of images and, more concretely, of picnic bodies. For it must in the end be admitted: meta'physical materialism, of the brand of Vogt and Bukharin, as is attested by the experience of the Surrealists, and paper on jesus earlier of Hebel, Georg Buchner, Nietzsche, and Rimbaud, cannot lead without rupture to anthropological materialism. There is a residue. The collective is a body, too. And the physis that is picnic being organized for it in topics technology can, through all its political and factual reality, only essay on school be produced in that image sphere to which profane illumination initiates us. Only when in technology body and image so interpenetrate that all revolutionary tension becomes bodily collective innervation, and all the short about ethics, bodily innervations of the collective become revolutionary discharge, has reality transcended itself to essay the extent demanded by the Communist Manifesto. For the moment, only the Surrealists have understood its present commands.

They exchange, to a man, the play of essay about human features for the face of an alarm clock that in each minute rings for sixty seconds.