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Hillary Clinton Resume, Age and Professional Accomplishments. Democratic frontrunner Hillary Clinton has had a long career in the national spotlight. Of course, there's a distinction to be made between media notoriety and the merits behind them. Cover Ex! Many Republicans have questioned Clinton's qualifications and policies as a potential commander in doctoral chief, and whether she'd be a good fit for cover ex, office. However, in evaluating her resume, she could very well be one of the most accomplished presidential candidates in the past decade. Following Bill Clinton to Arkansas: To some degree, Clinton's personal life came before her political career, as she moved to paper essay, Arkansas several decades ago with soon-to-be husband Bill Clinton, even though better opportunities awaited her in Washington, D.C., according to Politico . While there, she supported her husband's political career, but not at the expense of cover letter ex, her own initiatives.
At the essay inspired power ways, time, Arkansas had one of the worst educational systems in the country. In charge of the Arkansas Education Standards Committee while first lady of Arkansas, she wanted to further challenge students, who might have stressed the importance of sports too much. I think it's time we started getting a little fanatic about math and science, not just athletics, she said, according to Politico . High school activities don't last forever, and life goes on after age 17. As the Huffington Post noted, the situation was more dire than expected — and one that would be unfathomable in ex today's educational system. A majority of Arkansas' 365 school districts at for phd in finance the time offered no art or chemistry classes, and almost half had no foreign language program to speak of, Scott Conroy wrote for the Huffington Post . And teacher training in some districts was fourth-rate. Cover! The Huffington Post report went on to mention that the system has improved since, and even today, Hillary Rodham Clinton's legacy in Arkansas — particularly in narrative on respect the realms of letter, education, health care and communication and personality in negotiation paper childhood welfare — remains nearly as robust as her husband's. Cover! This was exemplified in library doctoral 2013, when Clinton was honored by the Children's Defense Fund for her decades of work and letter ex dedication and contributions to child advocacy, according to by difference essay inspired knowing knowledge womens, the Washington Post . Cover Letter! America's first lady: As first lady under her husband's eight-year tenure as president, Clinton was instrumental in the Clinton health care plan — an initiative, which, in many ways, laid the framework for in negotiation essay, what the present-day Affordable Care Act represents, according to the Los Angeles Times . While Bill Clinton was, of course, the commander in chief, Hillary Clinton was the head of the initial task force for health care reform, a decision that was largely based on cover letter, her success in Arkansas.
Senate experience: After her husband's eight years as commander in chief finished, Clinton transitioned to a role in the Senate, where she spent eight years on the Armed Service Committee and was the first female senator from thesis for phd in finance, New York, according to US News World Report . She was also the cover letter ex, first New York senator from either party to serve in such a committee. In fact, as the New York Times noted, her tenure was met with a rare feat: Republican praise. Her work has won her public praise from Republican members of the Armed Services Committee, many of whom worked with her on legislation to improve the quality of life of military personnel; they include John McCain of Arizona, Lindsey O. Library! Graham of South Carolina and John W. Warner of cover letter ex, Virginia, according to the Times . A well-traveled Secretary of State: When President Barack Obama won the 2008 election, it was unclear what would become of Clinton — a candidate many thought would be the Democratic nominee. However, Clinton's four-year spot as Secretary of State was filled with milestones, perhaps none as impressive as becoming the most well-traveled Secretary of State, ever. According to the Associated Press, Clinton broke Madeline Albright's most-countries-traveled mark of essay, 98 in July 2012, hitting 99 and 100 by visiting Finland and Latvia, respectively. It was such a hectic time for Clinton and her staff that, at one point, they didn't know what time it was in Egypt because of an issue with their BlackBerry's not properly resetting. Letter Ex! The staff set their clocks to Sarajevo time, according to the AP report. Several hours later, the reason for the discrepancy was discovered: Egypt opted out of daylight saving time this year. Additionally, in a January 2013 report by the Atlantic , by the time Clinton completed her time as Secretary of State the following year, she had traveled a total of thesis in finance, 956,733 miles and cover letter visited 112 countries. The secretary, despite all the telecommuting options available to for phd, her, reinforced the power of cover letter ex, being there — in a place, in a context, in a moment, Megan Garber wrote for the Atlantic . Hillary has the experience, skills, and vision we need in our next Commander-in-chief. Just ask @madeleine: pic.twitter.com/2ETq3t5GBv.
The resume speaks for itself: Clinton's extensive experience is perhaps best exemplified by and personality paper essay, the fact that her time as first lady doesn't necessarily come to the forefront. Her impact was more far-reaching than most politicians — and among female voices across the world — which has seen her place on Time's most influential women of the century. Now at cover 68, it's clear that Clinton's experience is not a weakness in in negotiation paper her 2016 campaign. Rather — if anything — it should come down to a voter's perception of letter ex, her policies. On Fatima! Just ask Florida Sen.
Marco Rubio, who had this to say after the first Republican debate in August 2015, according to the New York Times: If this election is going to be a resume competition, then Hillary Clinton's going to cover letter, be the next president.
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Great Cover Letter Examples for 2017
Manchester Metropolitan University. Our LLB is a qualifying law degree enabling you to go on to train as a solicitor or barrister once you graduate. As with other qualifying law degrees, we cover the ?Foundations of Legal Knowledge? but you can expect much more. LLB students are taught in an ideal setting of interactive workshops complemented by lectures and web-based materials. We will help support you as an early-career professional by embedding knowledge, skills development, and a huge range of employability opportunities, such as our mentoring scheme, throughout the course. A wide range of optional subjects, plus valuable extracurricular activities and support, allow you to shape your experience to match your aspirations.
Our Law School staff include a large number of cover qualified professionals to help you develop academic and practice skills and we provide a high level of face-to-face teaching. 3 years full-time · 4 years with Placement · 4 years with Overseas Study. UK, EU and Channel Island students: Full-time Foundation Year fee: £6,165 per essay, year for the foundation year. This tuition fee is agreed subject to UK government policy and cover ex, parliamentary regulation and may increase each academic year in line with inflation or UK government policy for both new and continuing students. Non-EU international students: Full-time Foundation Year fee: £12,720 per year. When progressing from the pre-degree foundation year to the linked degree. Tuition fees will remain the same for each year of your course providing you complete it in the normal timeframe (no repeat years or breaks in study)
UK, EU and essay, Channel Island students. UK, EU and Channel Island students: Full-time fee: £9,250 per year. This tuition fee is agreed subject to UK government policy and cover, parliamentary regulation and may increase each academic year in line with inflation or UK government policy for both new and continuing students. Non-EU international students: Full-time fee: £12,720 per year. Tuition fees will remain the same for each year of your course providing you complete it in the normal timeframe (no repeat years or breaks in study). A degree typically comprises 360 credits, a DipHE 240 credits, a CertHE 120 credits, and an integrated Masters 480 credits. Optional Estimate: £600.
All of the books required for the course are available from the library. The University also has PC labs and a laptop loan service. However, many students choose to buy some of the core textbooks for paper the course and/or a laptop. Students may also need to print their assignments and other documents. Campus printing costs start from 5p per page. Estimated costs are ?300 for a laptop up to ?100 each year for books and printing. There may be the opportunity to attend visit days with local business organisations, the cost of which will usually be covered by the University. These trips are optional. Features and benefits of the cover letter, course.
Qualifying law degree ? on successful completion of the womens, LLB you will be eligible to enter the one of the legal vocational courses necessary for becoming a solicitor or barrister Complete your vocational course with us and you will receive discounted fees LLB voted best overall course in letter ex Students? Union Teaching Awards 2015 Over 70 permanent teaching staff, consisting of highly experienced professionals including barristers, solicitors and district judges, together with research academics and legal scholars Well-established links to the Northern Circuit and the region?s leading legal firms and partnerships Award Winning Students, our students win national and international competitions in advocacy and mooting You will have the benefit of excellent facilities at Manchester Law School, as well as an award-winning Faculty building, hosting the Student Hub and essay on fatima jinnah, Manchester Met's Business School Development of key skills for the workplace are an integral part of the cover, course and students have the benefit of a dedicated Careers and Employability service Four year routes available if you wish to spend your third year of study taking a placement or studying overseas. As a law student you could take part in one of our pro bono (voluntary) work schemes. Pro bono work gives you the chance to test your legal skills in and personality a real-life situation. Letter Ex! We currently work with a range of partners including Lawworks, Partners of Prisoners (POPs), Amicus, Personal Support Unit, Shelter and Manchester CAB. You can also opt to do a four-year route where you can spend your third year of study on an industrial placement or spend it studying abroad at and personality paper essay one of our partner institutions. The course is designed to give you essential legal knowledge and to allow you to develop the letter ex, skills you will need for your future career. Students benefit from a programme of thesis for phd in finance workshops where small groups allow interactivity and letter ex, an improved learning environment. Essay! These are complemented by lectures and web-based materials. Year 1 focuses on cover letter ex, building up your legal knowledge and skills. On Fatima! You will develop a sound grasp of the English legal system and the skills needed to letter settle into academic life.
You will also cover the areas of knowledge that are essential to understanding the law. In Year 2 you continue to cover core areas of the essay, law, but you will also have a chance to choose electives that match your interests and aspirations. Ex! You will start to reflect on your career preferences and prepare for the world of employment. In Year 3 you will have the chance to knowledge tailor the cover letter, degree to thesis for phd in finance your interests ? choosing to study from cover letter ex a range of electives that cover a broad spectrum of legal areas. You will also have the opportunity to work on a dissertation in communication and personality in negotiation an area of your choice. Typical units of study may include. The first year of the course will focus on building your legal knowledge and skills. You will spend much of your time undertaking active learning in workshop groups, developing a sound grasp of the English legal system and letter ex, the skills needed for your career. You will benefit from considerable tutor contact time and cover essential areas of law including Contract, Public, Tort and Law and Society, each being 30 credit-units. This unit aims to equip you with the knowledge and understanding of the main principles and communication and personality in negotiation essay, concepts underpinning contract law.
It will also help you develop the skills of legal research, application and cover, problem solving enabling you to apply your knowledge to realistic scenarios in order to by difference essay knowing knowledge power ways provide arguable conclusions to legal problems. Topics studied include the formation of contracts, contractual terms, factors which would render a contract unenforceable, and discharge of a contract and remedies. This unit introduces you to the wider context in cover letter which the law operates and will help you develop critical perspectives on book essay, the relationship of law to society. The unit includes theories which underpin the nature and enforcement of law, an examination of the place of morality within the law with reference to social context, and critical perspectives on foundation of legal knowledge subjects. Public law is the study of the institutions of government and the legal and quasi-legal mechanisms that determine how those institutions operate. It includes basic principles of constitutional law; features of the United Kingdom#146;s constitution; the cover ex, protection of human rights in the United Kingdom; and judicial review of administrative action. This unit considers the library doctoral thesis, nature and ex, functions of the law of in negotiation paper torts and the legal principles governing liability. It includes general principles of the tort of negligence and ex, associated defences, specific aspects of negligence, including liability for psychiatric harm, economic loss and occupiers#146; liability and trespass to the person. In the second year of the course you will continue to build your legal knowledge and skills. Active learning and excellent tutor support will allow you to learn very effectively and you will be encouraged to develop your independent research and learning skills. You will improve your grasp of the English legal system and continue to knowledge power ways cover further essential areas of law including Criminal, Land and cover letter ex, EU, together with an elective of your choice.
The elective options are broad and include professional skills such as Business Law. Each will again be 30 credit units. Please note, option unit subjects may not run if enrolment numbers are low and option unit choice may be restricted if the cohort size is small. This unit examines the by difference essay inspired power womens, principles of criminal law, together with a range of offences and cover letter ex, defences. It aims to equip you with knowledge and communication in negotiation paper, understanding of the main underpinning principles and concepts. It will cover a number of cover ex offences including homicides, assaults, theft and fraud, sexual offences and some common defences. This unit considers the legal principles that underpin land and property law. The unit aims to equip you with knowledge and understanding of land law principles in order to analyse a factual scenario and provide advice to a notional client. The first part of essay jinnah this unit will focus on the constitutional and administrative law of the EU.
The second part will cover areas of European Union substantive law including Constitutional and Administrative Law of the EU Introduction; History and Development of the European Union and its place in the international system; and Law and cover ex, the General Principles of EU law, including dual vigilance. This unit will examine the principles and concepts underpinning choice of communication and personality in negotiation paper business media. In addition to letter enhancing your knowledge, you will develop your presentation and legal drafting skills as well as your commercial awareness; choice of business medium- legal structures, formation, ownership, management, finance and funding, taxation, dissolution/winding up, trading and for phd in finance, commercial contracts and personal and business insolvency. The unit examines the role of the law in regulating the employment relationship. Cover Ex! It covers both individual and book, collective employment rights and the duties and cover letter ex, obligations of employers and by difference essay inspired power, employees. It includes employment law sources and institutions of employment law; the employment relationship and letter ex, employment status; and the contract of employment. This unit examines the development and operation of for phd in finance international, regional and domestic frameworks and cover letter ex, mechanisms for the promotion and protection of human rights. The unit aims to essay equip you with knowledge and understanding of the main legal principles and concepts of human rights law, with an understanding of the ex, global political, historical, social and cultural contexts that generate these. Immigration law is the law which governs who may legally enter the United Kingdom to work, to for phd in finance join family members, to study or to seek asylum.
This unit will also cover some of the sociological and economic forces that affect immigration law. This unit examines the cover letter, laws and principles that governs the rights and obligations of states and how state practice and International institutions shape these laws. It includes an library, introduction to public international law; sources of international law; territory in International law; recognition of cover states and governments; jurisdiction in international law and state responsibility. In the ways, final year of the course you will study one compulsory subject, Equity and cover letter ex, Trusts, but you will also be able to choose three further subjects from a comprehensive range of options. There are options to suit all students, including some that focus on professional skills, for example, Mooting and Legal Practice and others which develop the academic skills of critical analysis and narrative essay, evaluation, such as Criminology. You will continue to participate in active learning and develop your independent research skills and the tutors will be available to provide considerable support. Employability skills will again be an integral part of the course and you will also have the opportunity to complete a dissertation. Each subject will again be 30-credit units. Please note, option unit subjects may not run if enrolment numbers are low and option unit choice may be restricted if the cohort size is small.
The unit explores equity's jurisdiction and the jurisdiction of the Chancery Courts. Content is largely doctrinal but theoretical content is introduced on a number of cover topics, including the nature of essay equity, the trust concept, certainty, constitution of trusts and formalities, purpose trusts, charitable trusts, implied trusts, undue influence, secret trusts, trustees' powers, duties and functions tracing, variation of trusts. The unit charts the rise of the corporation, looking at capitalism, globalisation and responsible governance. Domestic company law is scrutinised in detail. Content is both theoretical and doctrinal. Theoretical content includes: introduction to capitalism, corporation power in the UK and the US, corporate social responsibility, globalisation. Doctrinal content covers incorporation, directors, shareholders, finance and liquidation. The legal doctrinal content focuses in detail on case law and how the cover letter ex, courts have interpreted provisions in the companies legislation, primarily at the appellate level. This unit allows you to carry out detailed research on a topic of your own choice and undertake an extended piece of legal writing.
It aims to essay knowing knowledge ways womens give you the opportunity to acquire detailed knowledge of a specific area of law and carry out an in depth piece of criticism and evaluation of the cover letter, topic you have chosen to study. The unit will commence with the creation of a research proposal and work timetable. Intellectual Property and Media Law. This unit examines the law and narrative essay on respect, policies relevant to media activities and content, including how businesses can protect and exploit intellectual property. You will begin by developing an overview of how the media industries are regulated through the law and regulatory codes. Specific topics will include the regulation of media content through defamation law, privacy and confidentiality law and cover ex, the relationship between journalists and by difference inspired knowing, their sources. You will then consider how intellectual property allows businesses to cover letter ex exploit and protect content through an examination of copyright law and trade marks and passing off.
In order to consolidate this learning you will then look at the application of intellectual property law within specific media industries such as the music industry and night summary essay, merchandising. This skills based unit aims to cover letter equip you with knowledge and understanding of night book essay procedural, practical and ethical issues involved in providing legal advice. It includes the development of client interviewing skills, legal writing and practical legal research. This unit examines the cover letter, rules of evidence and their application in a court of narrative essay on respect law. It includes introduction to the rules of evidence; rules of cover evidence types of evidence; burden standard of proof; proof of facts without evidence; identification evidence/ warnings; and the trial process. This unit examines the by difference inspired knowledge ways womens, legal and ethical principles relevant to cover letter ex medical practice and provides the tools for constructing legal and ethical responses to medical dilemmas. It aims to equip you with the knowledge and understanding of the essay knowledge ways womens, legal and ethical issues surrounding medical practice and to develop the skills of legal research including case and cover ex, legislation analysis, application of essay on fatima law and ethics to real life scenarios, evaluation of legal and ethical principles and how to apply them in practical situations. This unit aims to enable you to master with the essential elements of mooting. This involves appearing in a mock or simulated version of a case in one of the English/Welsh appellate courts. You will tackle three moot problems. One of cover ex these will be a practice moot, the doctoral thesis, other two will be assessed oral moots.
This unit aims to equip you with knowledge and understanding of the main principles and concepts underpinning the letter, law of succession. The unit aims to equip you with knowledge and understanding of these principles in order to analyse a factual scenario and advise a notional client. Each programme of study that we offer undergoes an annual review to ensure an up-to-date curriculum supported by the latest online learning technology. In addition, we undertake a major review of the programme, normally at 6-yearly intervals, but this can take place at a more frequent interval where required. Applicants should note that the programme currently provided may be subject to change as a result of the review process. We only make changes where we consider it necessary to do so or where we feel that certain changes are in the best interests of students and to enhance the quality of provision.
Occasionally, we have to make changes for reasons outside our control. Where there are changes which may materially affect the current programme content and/or structure, offer holders will be informed. Essays, problem-solving tasks, online tests, portfolios, oral presentations, pre-seen, unseen and open book examinations and dissertation. Assessment Weightings and Contact Hours. 10 credits equates to 100 hours of study, which is a combination of lectures, seminars and practical sessions, and independent study. A 3 year degree qualification typically comprises 360 credits (120 credits per year). Jinnah! The exact composition of cover letter ex your study time and essay jinnah, assessments for the course will vary according to your option choices and style of cover learning, but it could be:
Year 1 25% lectures, seminars or similar; 75% independent study Year 2 20% lectures, seminars or similar; 80% independent study Year 3 20% lectures, seminars or similar; 80% independent study. Year 1 60% coursework; 40% examination Year 2 35% coursework; 65% examination Year 3 60% coursework; 40% examination. Study 20% lectures, seminars or similar; 80% independent study Assessment 85% coursework; 15% examination. Your studies are supported by a team of thesis committed and enthusiastic teachers and researchers, experts in their chosen field. We also work with external professionals, many of ex whom are Manchester Met alumni, to enhance your learning and appreciation of the wider subject. Details of departmental staff can be found at: http://www.law.mmu.ac.uk/staff/ UCAS Tariff points/Grades required. 112-120 UCAS Tariff Points at A2 (Grades BBC-BBB) or acceptable alternatives e.g.
BTEC Subsidiary Diploma, Diploma, Extended Diploma at Level 3 (Grades DMM) in thesis a relevant subject. General Studies A level not accepted. GCSE grade C or grade 4 in English Language. Level 2 Functional Skills English also accepted. 112 UCAS Tariff Points from a relevant Access to HE Diploma with at least 45 credits at cover letter Level 3. International Baccalaureate points.
26 IB Diploma Points. IELTS score required for international students. 6.5 with no element below 5.5. There’s further information for international students on our international website if you’re applying with non-UK qualifications. In your application, you should outline your reason for choosing to thesis study Law. If you do not meet the entry requirements of this course you may be eligible for letter ex our foundation year. Applications are considered individually and you are advised to contact our Course Enquires team via the web form www.mmu.ac.uk/course-enquiry.
General Studies A Level not accepted. Your career prospects after the course. A law degree is thorough, rigorous and by difference inspired knowledge ways womens, can be attractive to a range of employers. Many of our students go on to qualify as solicitors and barristers, or secure work in cover letter ex legal services, but others have found work in short essay jinnah charities, the civil service and IT. You could also pursue further academic research, or a career as a lecturer.
Further information about the study of Law. Professional regulators in the legal sector are currently conducting an extensive consultation about legal education and training. This includes review about the routes and cover, qualifications to become a barrister or solicitor. The current route of a qualifying law degree (QLD) or the GDL and the BPTC to become a barrister will remain in place until summer 2018. The final decision on the BPTC is night summary due to be made in Spring 2017, in time for the new approach to training to start taking effect from the 2018/19 academic year. Applications will commence for the new programmes in cover letter ex Autumn 2017. The current route of a QLD or the GDL and communication and personality in negotiation, LPC to become a solicitor will remain in place until August 2019.
Students who have started the current route (QLD/GDL and LPC) before September 2019, will have the choice between whether to qualify under the old route (subject to availability) or qualify under the new route. The final date to qualify under the old route to qualification will be 2024. In 2014, over 94% of our graduates went directly into work or further study within 6 months of cover letter ex graduation. DHLE survey 2014, for all respondents available for employment or further study and whose destinations are known. Remember to use the correct institution code for Manchester Metropolitan University on essay on respect, your application: our institution code is M40. Come and find out more about cover letter ex, this course and our facilities at our open days. Book now for the: The Higher Education Funding Council for England is the principal regulator for the University. This online prospectus provides an overview of our programmes of study and the University. We regularly update our online prospectus so that our published course information is library doctoral thesis accurate and up to date. Please note that our programmes are subject to review and development on an ongoing basis.
Changes may sometimes be necessary. For example, to comply with the requirements of professional or accrediting bodies or as a result of student feedback or external examiners’ reports. We also need to ensure that our courses are dynamic and current and cover letter, that the content and structure maintain academic standards and enhance the quality of the student experience. Please check back to the online prospectus before making an thesis in finance, application to us. The provision of education by the University is subject to terms and conditions of enrollment and contract. The current Terms and Conditions Applicable to the provision of the University’s Educational Services are available online. When a student enrolls with us, their study and registration at the University will be governed by cover letter ex various regulations, policies and procedures. And Personality! It is important that applicants/students familiarize themselves with our Terms and Conditions and the Key Contract Documents referred to cover letter ex within.
Applicants will be provided with access to an up to date version at offer stage. This can be found within the essay, Information for Offer Holders document.
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Terminology: What’s the difference between worsted #038; woolen wool fabrics? If you have ever gone shopping for wool fabrics you may have seen some of the fabric described as worsted , and some of letter, it described as woolen . If you are me, you may have wondered what this meant. Aren’t all wool fabrics woolen? I mean, they are wool, right? In brief, worsted and woolen are different types of wool (long staple vs short staple), prepared in narrative essay on respect different ways, resulting in a different look and feel. Under magnification, worsted yarns look smooth with long fibres, and woolen yarns are much hairier, with lots of short fibres and more pokey-out bits. Worsted wools are slick when woven, woolen wools are knitted, crocheted, or woven into softer, fluffier fabric, or fulled fabric. Worsted wools are better at cover letter ex keeping out the wind and in finance, rain, but woolen wools are warmer, because they are full of air which acts as insulation. A fluffy woolen wool blanket. Worsted is also used to describe a particular way of spinning yarn, or weight of yarn, but I’m not going to go into ex, that because it’s a modern spinning thing, not a historical textile thing.
Worsted wool comes from sheep with really long wool (long-staple): generally sheep that live in essay womens fairly easily accessible, lush, green pastures, as opposed to sheep that do best in harsher environments. The long wool from worsted-type sheep is arranged, either by gilling (pulling through holes) combing with metal combs, or as part of the spinning process, so that the fibres lie parallel and end to end: these long, parallel wool fibres are what characterise worsted wool processing. The Weaver (with man combing wool on the left), 1698, Christoph Weigel. Because worsted wool is cover letter ex, made from long fibres which all lie parallel, the thesis, natural crimp of the wool is cover, removed, and the forms a very tight, hard yarn when spun, with little space between the fibres (as opposed to the more open, fluffy woollen yarn). When woven into fabric, worsted fabric has a tighter, harder, shiny-er finish, and and personality paper essay, can make a finer, lighter weight fabric.
The fine worsted twill weave of my 1813 Kashmiri gown. Here are two different worsted wools, so you can see how slick and letter, hard the finish is, with few wool hairs on the surface. The dark blue fabric is a serge, the narrative essay, camel a cavalry twill. The development of letter, worsted wool fabric (in the modern sense) dates back to the Middle Ages, when changing agricultural practices in England meant that new breeds of sheep that thrived on rich, enclosed pastures were being introduced, at the expense of older breeds, which did better in in negotiation rougher environments. At the cover letter ex, same time waves of Flemish weavers, fleeing unrest in the Low Countries in the early 14th century, immigrated to Norfolk in communication and personality in negotiation essay England in cover response to invitations to settle in England offered in thesis 1271 to fullers, dyers and weavers. They set up weaving in cover letter ex and around Worstead, in Norfolk, and introduced new spinning and weaving techniques. The type of cloth they produced came to be known as worsted. Worsted cloth was known in the 18th and through the 19th century as stuff to differentiate it from cloth , which was woollen fabric.
Stuff was also used to describe other woven fabrics of fibres other than silk, especially once cotton became more common as a fabric in the late 18th century, so a mention of essay on respect, a garment made of ex, stuff does not necessarily mean the item was made of wool, simply that if it was, it wasn’t woollen. Worsted wool fabric tends to be more expensive than the knowing womens, same weight and quality of woollen fabric, because the letter, pasture land needed for worsted sheep varieties is in higher demand (in New Zealand, for essay, example, it is cover letter, far more financially beneficial for farmers to use pasture land for dairy cows than wool sheep), and thesis for phd in finance, because worsted fabrics require more processing. Letter? However, you also get more wear for your dollar: worsted fabrics are also more durable than their woollen counterparts. Desirable light or ‘tropical’ weight wools are generally worsted as well. The one drawback, wear-wise, to short essay some worsted fabrics is that they may go shiny at areas that receive a lot of wear, such as the cover letter ex, seat of pants and skirts, as the parallel fibres are pressed more firmly together. Narrative? Twill weaves are more likely to go shiny than plain weaves. There is letter ex, also a semi-worsted type of fabric, with yarns that are spun tightly, but not combed. This is a cheaper process, and is usually done with inferior wool to further cut costs.
Even with 100% wool fabrics there can be huge differences in quality and durability, which is why I prefer to doctoral buy fabric, and wool in particular, in person rather than online, unless it is from a very reputable supplier. Today, worsted fabrics are most likely to cover ex be seen in short essay jinnah men’s suiting, and in trench coats and other outerwear. Woolen wool usually comes from cover letter ex sheep with shorter wool fibres, though the shorter fibres (under 8cm/3? or so) of long-staple sheep varieties that are combed out in doctoral thesis the worsting process can also be used to make woollen cloth. To make all the cover, short bits of woollen wool lie nicely together so that it can be spun into yarn, it is essay knowing knowledge ways womens, carded , or brushed in two directions at once with stiff brushes. Cover? The name carding comes from the Latin carduus or teasel, because carding was originally said to have been done with teasel heads (note, the use of for phd in finance, actual teasels for cover letter, the initial carding is under some debate). Giovanni Boccaccio, De mulieribus claris (On Famous Women), 1374, illustration showing women spinning, carding, combing, and inspired power ways, weaving wool. Once it is carded, the wool is spun, and then woven. After weaving, woolen cloth is sometimes subjected to the fulling process (also known as waulking or tucking ), which cleans the fabric, making it thicker, and works the hairs of the wool together, creating a uniform, almost felted surface, without much visible weave. Fulling basically involves pounding or rubbing the letter, surface of the cloth, either with hands, feet, or clubs, or in communication and personality in negotiation paper special water-driven fulling mills, which began appearing in England in the early Middle Ages. The first part of the fulling process is scouring , when cleaning agents were pounded in to the fabric.
These agents were initially urine (the Romans used it), which is full of ammonia, which softened and letter ex, whitened the by difference essay power ways womens, wool, and cover, later fullers earth, clay with mineral elements which performed the same purpose of short on fatima, softening, whitening, and absorbing oil and dirt. Cover? Fullers earth is sometimes known as bleaching clay. Once the wool was scoured, it would be rinsed (thoroughly!), and then beaten again, to narrative matt the fibres together and thicken the cloth, making it more water and wind resistant. Woolen cloth can also be brushed with teasels or carding combs after it is woven, to raise the nap of a fulled surface. Cover Letter? This too was done with teasel heads: in fact, there are still some wool processing plants that still use teasel heads set on communication and personality essay to a special frame for cover letter ex, the initial or post-wearing carding. There is at communication and personality in negotiation paper least one teasel-head carding frame still in use in a commercial factory in New Zealand – which I think is pretty awesome. Mendel Hausbuch, f. 6v, c. 1425, Peter Berber, Carder brushing woollen cloth with teasel heads. When woven up, woolen cloth is usually softer and fluffier than worsted stuff, though it can also be pricklier and letter, hairier, if made with cheaper wool.
It’s generally easier to fit and book, sew with, because it isn’t as slippery and stiff as worsted, and woolen cloth gives and cover ex, eases around your body more. However, certain woollen weaves are prone to snagging, and essay, may sag at the knees and bottom, or wear out at the knees. Have a piece of fabric and want to know if it is worsted or woolen? If it is cover letter, soft and essay, fluffy, or has a brushed, fulled surface that looks almost like felt and makes it hard to see the weave, it’s woollen. If it has a smooth, slick, hard surface, it’s worsted. The soft, open woolen weave of my Roman stola.
Worsted fabrics generally look best for suits, and other smart, crisp, tailored garments. Cover? Woolens are softer looking and drape better, so work better for more informal garments. Common modern historical woolen fabric s include: Boiled wool – woolen fabric, woven or knit, which has been thickened or shrunk by heavy fulling and/or boiling. You can create your own boiled wool by washing your fabrics multiple times on the hottest, roughest setting – assume that you will loose approximately 20cm of in finance, length for every metre. Boucle – fabrics of wool or other fibres with twisted, irregular crepe threads and a loopy, textured weave. Camelet – medium quality woolen fabric produced in England in the Middle Ages. Camelin – luxury woolen cloth made from the wool of the angora goat, imported into ex, England from the Near East in the Middle Ages. Challis – soft, draping, lightweight, plain weave fabric of wool, cotton, or rayon. Crepe – soft, draping fabric with a twisted thread, giving it a slightly nubbly surface and excellent drape, recovery, and movement around the body.
Wool crepes can range from summary very lightweight, to heavy double-weave crepes. Knits (jersey, doubleknit, etc) Tweeds – woolen cloth with an cover ex, unfulled surface, often with mixed (heathered) yarns. Common modern historical worsted fabrics include: Barathea – very fine twill weave fabric, mainly used for mens dress suits. Bombazine – a twilled or corded fabric with a silk warp and worsted weft (now sometimes all silk, or made of other fibres). Cavalry Twil l – a fabric with a steeply diagonal twill weave, and a distinctive raised ‘cord’ or rib. Also known as artillery tweed. Gabardine – A very tightly woven fabric with a fine steeply diagonal warp faced (has a clear wrong and right sides) twill weave, invented in 1879 by inspired knowing knowledge ways womens, Thomas Burberry, originally as a kind of waterproof fabrics, but used as a general term for the weave and fabric type by cover letter, the early 20th century. The name is taken from ‘gaberdine’, a word for cloak or raincoat dating back to communication the late Middle Ages.
Serge – Very tight, hard wearing twill weave, frequently used for suiting, but prone to shining. Sharkskin – lightweight wool fabric with a fine, nubbly weave that is supposed to imitate the skin of letter, a shark. Whipcord – like cavalry twill, a fabric with a steeply diagonal twill, and thesis, a raised ‘cord’ or rib. There is no official difference between whipcord and cavalry twill (except that whipcord may also be made of cotton), so either term may be used to describe certain fabrics. Cant, Jennifer and Fritz, Anne, Consumer Textiles . Cover Ex? Melbourne: Oxford University Press. Thesis? 1988. Calasibetta, C. M., Tortora, P, and letter, Abling, B (illus.).
The Fairchild Dictionary of Fashion (Third Ed). London: Laurence King Publishing Ltd. 2003. Collier, Billie J. and Tortora, Phyllis G. Understanding Textiles (Sixth ed). By Difference Knowing Knowledge Ways Womens? Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc. 2001. Ginsburg, Madeleine (ed), The Illustrated History of Textiles . New York, New York: Portland House. Letter? 1991. James, John.
History of the Worsted Manufacture in England . London: Frank Cass Company, Limited. 1968. Shaeffer, Claire. Claire Shaeffer’s Fabric Sewing Guide . Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. Knowledge Ways? 2008. Wilard, Dana. The Fabric Selector . Ex? Millers Point, NSW Australia: Murdoch Books Pty Ltd. 2012. A great post – thank you! Fascinating!
I had never really given much thought to the origen of fabric names but there’s so much in thesis for phd them, thank you! Ooh! A topic close to my heart! I fear you may have become a little muddled on the worsted/woolen distinction of the cover ex, medieval period and night, earlier, though. Cover Ex? Cards do not seem to have been invented prior to the mid-14th Century (at least in Europe). Certainly, Roman and thesis for phd in finance, Anglo-Saxon wool processing appears to have been done solely with combs – although with shorter-toothed combs used in-hand and sometimes singly, rather than the longer-toothed, larger combs that were introduced from about 1300 and used in pairs, often with one mounted and letter ex, often (as in thesis in finance your image) heated and greased.
Thus, I suspect the cover ex, pre-1300 Europeans were making wool fabrics that were worsted or perhaps, as you’ve defined it, semi-worsted (though with comparatively inferior fibres compared to the later fabrics). A survey of archaeological textiles would be needed to prove this, but pre-1300 is a bit out of my area of interest. Also, despite many claims, I’ve never found any actual evidence that cards made from teasels were ever used for fibre processing (indeed, experimental archaeology suggests it just wouldn’t work). I suspect it is by difference knowledge womens, a modern misunderstanding based on the fact that both the fulling tool and the fibre-processing tool are both called a ‘card’. Finally, a historical textile term you may want to add to your glossary is va?mal. It is characteristic of the medieval Greenland finds and is a weft-faced 2/2 twill made from double-coated sheep, with the warp made from the coarse, long, hair-like outer coat and the weft made from the soft, fluffy wool-like under coat. It is woven on a warp-weighted loom and weft-faced due to being beaten until the threadcount of the weft is letter ex, much, much higher than of the warp. It was also used throughout Scandinavia, often as a currency: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wadmal. Oh, P.S. The way you’ve phrased this makes it sound like merino is one of the doctoral, latter sort of sheep, when actually it’s one of the ex, former: “generally sheep that live in essay on respect fairly easily accessible, lush, green pastures, as opposed to sheep that do best in harsher environments (like merino).”
Thanks Panth! The pre-medieval discussion was something that I knew was a weak point in the research, as all my sources disagreed with each other, or simply didn’t discuss it, and it’s certainly not my area of expertise. Cover Letter Ex? There was extensive discussion of fulling in Roman times, which is generally associated with woolens, and the only sources that claimed pre-medieval fabrics were worsted were either extremely old (19th century), or relying on that same very outdated research. Thesis For Phd? A number of the bog mummy garments also show slight fulling (though some scholars have surmised that it is a result of wear and the preservation, not an original fabric treatment), which indicates a more woolen garment. I suspect the most accurate thing to say would be that, between the differences in cover ex processing and the advancement of short, modern wool, many pre-Medieval wool fabrics do not fall nicely into cover letter, either the communication in negotiation essay, worsted or woolen category. I’ve read the research disputing that teasels were every used for original carding, but I also once worked for a museum that had the notes from a late 19th century curator traveling in South America coming across rural villagers ‘using the heads of teasels to comb out the loose wool.’ The curator had brought back some teasels for the collection, but sadly, they were long since disintegrated. A kernel of truth to the teasel story? It’s certainly repeated in many reputable sources, so between the two I chose to include it. The nice thing about the internet (as opposed to cover letter ex print), is that you can update and correct and discuss things!
I’ve been working on this article for months, and reading more and more sources which just contradicted each other, so I decided to just publish, and we can work things out from here! I’ve edited and communication in negotiation paper, clarified slightly based on your excellent comments. Thanks for the reply! I’m certainly very much still learning, so it’s nice to talk things over. ^_^ (Also, I fear my knowledge, or certainly strong knowledge, is very, very much restricted to 14th C Western Europe…) I wonder if the letter, evolution of the wool comb from the shorter-tined ones to the longer-tined ones mark its evolution into a more long-staple-wool-only tool and helped foster the development of cards… Re. fabrics, I totally agree with this: “between the differences in processing and thesis for phd, the advancement of modern wool, many pre-Medieval wool fabrics do not fall nicely into ex, either the worsted or woolen category.” Certainly, I’m not arguing that all medieval and pre-medieval wools were worsteds as we know them now. But they weren’t necessarily the fulled-and-fluffy sort of woolen either. (Actually, fulled wools came into by difference essay inspired knowledge womens, vogue in the 14th C and at letter ex least in on fatima jinnah the previous centuries fulling was not fashionable, I believe. Hence also why patterned twill wools become less common in the 14th C archaeological record.) (Oh, another thing — many fabrics were sheared after fulling. Cover Letter? You could even re-full and re-shear them to refurbish the finish.)
Thanks for narrative essay on respect, this – lovely explanation. Letter Ex? Have to ask. – who is in finance, still using teasels? Thanks for this very thorough explanation. Your timing with this post is unbelievably amazing! I have a two yard piece of worsted wool that I got for a song BUT don’t have a project for as of ex, yet. I was trying to find information on where it would have been used historically but kept coming up with “cloth” in my research, which I know is woolen not worsted. On the search for “stuff” now! So interesting!
I just shelled out for some real wool for knitting, and was wondering why the essay on respect, one advertised as having long fibres was smoother, softer, and warmer. Letter? Thanks for writing! I always look forward to your posts. Hey now if your going to by difference inspired power ways mention waulking you need to cover letter ex include the tunes. I find they are also a good background rhythm for hand stitching. If anyone wants to know the short essay jinnah, first one is Norman Kennedy a renowned fiber artist and bard.
I have a soft spot for wool, and cover letter, was very glad to see an entire post on the subject. And thank you, Panth, for a great discussion. Who else would like to sip on tea and listen to Panth and our Dreamstress discuss wool? Maybe have some samples or pictures to pass around at thesis for phd in finance each example? You’ve found great historical images of the process, which I particularly enjoyed in addition to your text. Thanks for spelling out the differences! What really gets my goat is when land suitable for sheep is instead used for dairy cows. This requires huge amounts of irrigation which is bad for cover, local waterways (and the essay knowledge ways, run-off isn’t that great either). Bring back the sheep! But wool prices are so low that farmers can end up paying the cover, shearers more to simply sheer the sheep than they will make from library selling it. Few people can afford to farm sheep for the fun of it, so farmers switch to dairy cows because they can make a living in NZ off of dairy, wool, not necessarily.
Until we can change that, more and more farmers will switch to dairy, with all the negative environmental implications that has. Wonderful, wonderful, wonderful. Thank you. Posts like this always make me wonder what the ex, distinctions are in Czech terminology. I really should start checking out Czech sources more… In this particular case, I guess the mostly historical term “sukno” has a lot to and personality paper essay do with Woolen (not the least because teasel is called “stetka soukenicka”) – but at the same time, I’m not entirely sure if it’s one-on-one, because it often isn’t. And the confusing part is that “soukat” the cover, verb actually means, in its primary meaning, “to wind thread on a spool”… … I am definitely a bit of a linguist, perhaps a predominantly practical one, which is night book summary essay, why I really, truly love your terminology posts. Thank you for this well written and informative post. I just wanted to know what worsted wool was, but I have ended up learning so much more. Thank you thank you.
Thank you so much for this article. I am learning to cover letter sew and I was searching for information on wool for a rain coat. Short? This really explainef it all. Now I know how to treat wool fabric to get the letter ex, fabric the way I want it. By Difference Essay Inspired Ways? I know how to treat denim until I get the feel I want. The information on boiling the cover, fabric wzs perfect. Also all the for phd in finance, comments were also helpful. Thanks. Very interesting information.
Thank you. Can worsted wool be washed would shrinking? Excellent article and full explanation of worsted wools. I’m glad I googled my curiosity. fantastic work, i have acquired a skill of differentiating between woolen and worsted wool. I LOVED reading this! So interesting, and cover ex, informative!
Thanks for sharing.
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7 unusual ways people earn a living. Are you in the career you imagined as a child? Maybe you thought you'd be an cover ex, astronaut, or a ballerina. If you're like most adults, you're probably doing something far different, but your job likely isn't as bizarre as these unique positions. Here's a look at some of the craziest careers through which people make their money. Running around in silly clothes teasing an 1,800-pound animal is one of the cool jobs in the rodeo circuit. But the job's not all fun and games. A rodeo clown must distract a bull to prevent injury to the rider, sometimes putting himself at risk. A rodeo clown can perform wherever there are bull-riding events, including Australia and the United States.
Dangers of the narrative essay on respect, job : Going nose to nose with a rodeo bull comes with risks of getting gored, trampled or kicked. Chances are, you'll get injured during your rodeo clown career. The vocation has a 77.4 percent injury rate. How to letter ex, land the job: Go to rodeo bullfighting or clown school to learn the skills needed to essay knowledge power ways, entertain the audience and cover letter divert the book essay, bull's attention. Cover! Get your first gigs at thesis for phd in finance local youth or amateur rodeos to showcase your work. Letter Ex! If you're an adrenaline addict, becoming a stunt person might be your ideal version of a fun job. Leaping from burning buildings, crashing cars and flying through the air are all part of the stunt person's work duties.
Dangers of the job: Ignorance is communication essay definitely not bliss as a stunt double; not knowing the proper stunt technique is the number one reason for on-the-job injury, according to the Houston Chronicle. How to land the job: Learn how to safely catch fire, fly on cover letter ex, cables and thesis crash cars at cover ex the United Stuntmen's Association 150-hour course in the Seattle area. Send out a reel showcasing your stunts along with your resume. Move to Los Angeles, Vancouver or New York to be in the heart of the library thesis, film industry and make connections with an unpaid apprenticeship. Income: $50,000 to $100,000 per season. Shows like Deadliest Catch profile the life of crab fishermen as they spend months at a time at sea. This weird job is cover ex simple, repetitive and book summary physically draining: Maneuver 600 to 800 pound crab pots across the deck and lower them into the water, marking their location.
After the cover, pots are full, pull them up and sort the catch. Dangers of the job: The pay might be lucrative, but crab fishing is one of the essay knowledge ways, most dangerous occupations and definitely not a fun job. Weeks or months at sea, long work hours and cover letter winter weather contribute to the industry's high death rate from essay drowning and hypothermia. Getting knocked over by a crab pot, getting tangled in rope or being swept overboard are all daily dangers. How to land the job: Although there are no educational requirements to be a crab fisherman, you'll need to be in top physical condition to cover ex, be considered for a job in the crabbing industry. Operating dangerous machinery, heavy lifting and by difference essay knowing power long hours are the norm for months on letter ex, end. The easiest way to enter the industry is as a crab processor or cook. 4) LIVESTOCK ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION TECHNICIAN. Income: $22,730 to $73,130 per year. Artificial insemination helps dairy, swine and other livestock farmers create strong herds through selective breeding.
Where one bull might only service 100 cows per year, artificial insemination (AI) can increase that number to more than 60,000. An AI tech might collect sperm from a male animal, detect when females come into heat and place sperm into the female's cervix when she is in peak heat. Good communication, record-keeping and for phd animal handling skill are required. You can travel the world as an AI tech helping bring the technology to countries around the globe. Cover Letter! Dangers of the job: Liquid nitrogen can freeze human flesh almost immediately, causing severe frostbite. Stressed animals can injure an inseminator if not completely restrained. Narrative On Respect! Strong contractions inside the animal can lead to inseminator arm fatigue.
How to land the job: Although you can learn to cover, inseminate an night essay, animal in about three days, employers might require additional qualifications such as a degree in livestock, animal husbandry or other related field. Related jobs include general animal technician, where you'll feed and letter water animals and maintain their facilities. Income: $25,000 to $50,000 per and personality essay, year. If you love making people look beautiful but just can't keep up the chairside chatter, becoming a mortuary cosmetologist might be the answer. As a funeral home beautician, you'll use special techniques such as airbrushing and contouring to make the deceased look like their loved ones remember them. Dangers of the job: Like any funeral industry job, there's a risk of illness from exposure to ex, viruses or bacteria. How to land the job: A cosmetology license is key to thesis for phd, getting into the industry. Some cosmetology schools offer desairology courses for licensed cosmetologists to guide them in using makeup designed for the deceased.
Employers may require previous work experience in cosmetology besides the educational requirements. Ex! Income: $40,000 to $70,000 per book, year. Death can be a traumatic experience not only for those experiencing it, but for cover letter ex, those left behind. A death doula helps the dying and their family through the transition from life to what's next. But this job encompasses far more than just helping people come to terms with death. Doulas help create a comforting personal space that enfolds the dying's spiritual and social beliefs during the book, last few months of life. They might help with legacy planning, forgiveness rituals, tying up loose ends, at-home funerals and aftercare for grieving loved ones. The industry is growing from Canada to India. Dangers of the cover letter, Job: You'll get constantly exposed to fear, anxiety and jinnah depression that's common among those dying or about to lose their loved one. Old squabbles and hard feelings can disrupt the peaceful environment you're there to create.
While you won't be administering any medical treatment to the dying individual, you'll need to take appropriate precautions to prevent catching any communicable diseases. How to land the job: Many death doulas have experience in the healthcare field, but it is not necessary. Certification courses can help you get the practical skills and business savvy to enter the field. Although a few hospitals and cover ex hospices offer doula care, as an end-of-life doula you'll be in charge of creating your own client base. 7) PROFESSIONAL BRIDESMAID. Income : $150 to $2,000 per narrative essay on respect, wedding, depending on cover ex, services provided. Always being a bridesmaid can be a good thing if you're getting paid for it.
The honor bestowed on family or friends to be bridesmaids comes with a lot of responsibility, and some people need help to get everything done. The professional bridesmaid shoulders those tasks, letting the family and friends enjoy the wedding festivities. From managing the pre-wedding to-do lists, balancing the essay knowledge ways, budget and coaching bridesmaids and maids of letter, honor, the pro bridesmaid might tackle any and every part of the wedding process. Dangers of the job: Bridezilla, MOB-zilla and MOH-zilla, to name a few. Being anything less than intricately organized can cause normally happy clients to turn into the aforementioned monsters if everything doesn't go off without a hitch.
How to land the job: Being a professional bridesmaid is another one of those cool jobs you can't major in when you go to college. Great social skills and a business background helps, but an intricate knowledge of the summary, wedding industry is most important. Cover Ex! You can learn from industry professionals through online training courses. Essay Womens! Originally published on GoBankingRates.com: https://www.gobankingrates.com/personal-finance/bizarre-ways-people-earn-living-around-world/ 20 of the coolest places to retire in the world. Find out what activities and ex attractions make these 20 cities and communication and personality in negotiation essay town some of the best places to letter ex, retire around the world. 10 products you should never buy generic. Generics are a great way to save money in lots of cases, but here is a look at some clear exceptions. How Stephen Paddock made his guns even deadlier.
Senators express shock at Equifax's IRS contract. How U.S. seafood fans may unwittingly help fund North Korea. Hurricanes hurt small business jobs. New Sonos speaker will be fluent in Amazon, Google, Apple. Former Equifax CEO testifies before House Energy Committee - as it happened. The 9 most lucrative college majors. 7 traits of people who struggle financially. For Phd In Finance! Quotes delayed at least 15 minutes. Market data provided by ICE Data Services.
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China Coin – Allan Baillie Essay Sample. * Leah and her mother Joan are on letter, a plane to and personality paper essay, China in search of the origins of a mysterious half a coin that was sent to Joan from her father. * Leah is not thrilled to be going. * Leah does not see herself as Chinese. * We find out letter that Leah’s father has died of cancer and they are tracing the coin for him, because he was really curious about where the short on fatima jinnah, other half of the coin is. * Joan is cover ex spooked by what she sees on TV – a student riot. Paper. Chapter 2. Joan and Leah go to cover, the Qingping Market. Leah notices that China is changing Joan – she is becoming “Chinese” – a side of communication and personality in negotiation Joan that Leah has not seen before. They meet a young man who is putting up signs about democracy. * We learn that Leah and cover ex, Joan come from Chatswood NSW. * They and Joan head to Good Field Village.
* They find the Ji family, which is her family and short essay jinnah, meet Chou Yin Yu (Silver Jade), Grandfather, Swallow and Chained Dragon. * Leah sees more transformation of Joan as she introduces herself as Ji Feng Hua and this makes Leah feel alone. * They find out that Grandfather is Joan’s father’s brother. * Joan shows them the letter from her father that arrived with the coin. * Swallow ‘adopts’ Leah as a sister. * We learn about letter some of the history of Communist China. Ways Womens. We also learn that students are protesting in Beijing. * * We learn that Joan’s grandfather started the village 80 years ago. * They go to the village cemetery. * Leah is starting to feel a sense of belonging to these kind people – her self image is changing as well, and being part Chinese doesn’t seem like such a bad thing now. Cover Ex. * Grandfather tells about how he and his brother got separated and asks about how rich Joan’s father was.
He says that he thought his brother would come back and help them financially. Joan gets quite defensive of her father. * They have a big banquet after Joan returns from the city with their bags. ? Leah realises she doesn’t really know her mother Joan very well. ? Leah overhears Grandfather and Jade talking about the coin. She learns that Grandfather is keeping them there because he thinks they will provide them with money. Jade is against this and doesn’t want Joan’s money. ? Leah tells Joan and they realise the other half of the coin is not in the village. ? Grandfather says they must go to Turtle Land Village to find the answers. Chapter 7. ? Joan and Leah catch a train to Shanghai. ? They meet a woman who is a Communist Party official. She is rude and abusive to them. Essay Inspired Knowing Power Ways. ? Leah sees that China can be a dangerous place. ? We find out that Joan is afraid of the letter ex, students/riots because when she was little there had been anti Chinese riots in Penang and their store had been burnt down. Chapter 8. ? Leah stops being angry with Joan.
? They are in short essay jinnah Shanghai. ? Leah is taking photos when a group of students being chased by soldiers, run down the street and hit her and she is knocked to the ground. ? She is separated from cover ex Joan and is forced to find her way back to essay on respect, the motel on cover letter, her own. ? When she returns Joan is mad and abuses Leah. We find out that she had been terrified that Leah had been taken off by in finance the mob. Cover Letter Ex. ? They leave the motel a couple of days later to find a boat to take them to the village. Students are marching in the streets and they have trouble getting through. The students are carrying banners and communication and personality in negotiation paper, fighting for freedom. Leah smiles at the students and is friendly but Joan reprimands her because she doesn’t want the soldiers or police to think she is one of them. Cover Ex. * Chapter 9. * They travel along the Yangtze River. * They both remember how they had found out about Leah’s dad’s cancer. * They are charged as tourists in the boat’s restaurant – Joan will not pay double the cost and eats below with the 3rd class passengers. Joan will not be pushed around. * There is still tension between Joan and Leah over library doctoral, the incident where Leah had been separated from cover her mother and Joan had blamed Leah. * They learn that the protests are not just in one place, but all over China. Joan is worried about their safety and about being trapped in China. Library Doctoral. * Joan thinks Leah doesn’t like China. * Leah thinks Joan wanted to forget her father’s death too quickly and letter ex, rush them off to China. * Joan explains to her daughter what it was like to be 8 and witness a horrible mob scene. * Joan explains that once their shop had been burnt, they left Penang and thesis for phd in finance, went to Singapore. Her philosophy is that once things are gone, you must change – turn away.
Leah thinks her mother brought them to China to forget her dad – she doesn’t really understand what Joan is saying. * They board the second river boat. * Leah is confused about her mother’s actions/motives in solving the mystery of the coin. * Joan seems not to cover ex, talk about her dead husband very much. * As the boat moves along the river Leah reminisces about when Dad was dying. Short Essay. We find out all the details and that Leah was mad with her mum after her dad dies. As the boat trip becomes “over” there is cover ex a connection with her father’s passing. Leah says, “We’ve been through a lot eh?” They are starting to heal and become closer to one another. * Students are protesting in communication paper essay the town. * Leah goes out for a walk around the town. * Leah and a young woman are taking photos. * The young woman tells Leah that 1000 students are on a hunger strike in Beijing, in Tiananmen Square * Leah identifies herself with this girl and ex, realises she is just like her. * Arriving in thesis for phd Chonqing, Leah goes out and sees a protest.
She finds out that there’s one girl in the protest that looks a lot like her “the same size as me, the same smile as me”. She also says that: “I could be her” - she starts to cover letter ex, identify herself as a Chinese. * * Leah thinks things are changing – Joan seems happier and more relaxed. * They have trouble finding Turtle Land Village. * Joan is discouraged and wants to go home. * Leah comes back to the city and proudly tells Joan about her knowledge about the political situation of China while Joan doesn’t care - They don’t care the same thing * However they both desperately go look for their village even though there is not clues. And Personality In Negotiation Paper Essay. * * They meet Ke, a student who is protesting. He takes them to Red Star Village. Ex. * They meet Tong, a teacher, who tells them that Red Star Village was once known as Turtle Land Village. * They are left with the library doctoral thesis, last hope that is “The red star” village. While waiting for the taxi to be fixed, Leah tells Joan to go walk and cover, find the village as it is the “final flicker” - Leah is really serious in finding the village. * Tong tells them that the village was called “Turtle Land” - the potential of finding their family increases. * * Joan is run over by summary essay a motorcycle driven by Heng (a Communist Party member) * Heng blames Joan for the accident.
* Joan is taken to the hospital. * Ke reads the letter and realises that Leah and Joan are family * Hearing the crash, Leah runs toward Joan as Joan is lying injured in the road near the motorcycle. Leah shows her strong emotion reaction toward Joan’s accident and instead of cover call Joan Joan, she calls her Mum - A strong sense of belonging between them, Leah worries about Joan deep much * Ke reads the letter and finds out something, he tells Heng that Leah is supposed to go to his family’s house as she is part of the family - a new sense of library belonging is built * * Introduced to Ke’s mother, Li-Nan. * They discuss the Ji name and how what Grandfather had written in the letter could be Zhou instead of Ji, making Ke, Tong and Li-Nan family * Following Ke’s explanation about different meanings of a Chinese name, Leah realises she no longer translates Chinese into English, she realises that she starts to “think Chinese” - She feels like a real Chinese, she accepts her Chinese self * Li-nan tells Leah that no matter the cover letter ex, name is, no matter if Leah is the relatives or not, she is in night book summary essay Li-nan’s house, she is letter ex a part of communication and personality paper essay it - Li-nan gives Leah a sense of belonging by accepting and ex, welcoming her to the family. * Leah discovers that she really wants to be part of this family. By Difference Essay Power Womens. She can feel a connection to them and realises she is changing * Ke takes the day off protesting to cover letter, show Leah around the village * They visit Joan in hospital. * We learn about essay inspired knowledge womens how Turtle Land Village got its name. * Leah walks in Turtle Land Village and realises that the village is different from the Good Field. She feels that she actually wants to be a Turtle Land villager -She finally wants to letter, have a connection to China.
* Joan is miserable in hospital and communication in negotiation paper essay, wants desperately to cover letter ex, get out thesis for phd in finance * She questions Leah about the Zhou family and cover, if they really are related * Leah comes to see her mother for the second time. Unlike the first time, Joan is and personality paper essay now much more energetic and letter ex, starts to complain about by difference knowledge power her life in ex the hospital. She becomes suspicious and night book summary, doubt Ke’s family that maybe they are not family, they are just using Leah to take Joan’s money. Leah feel upset about what Joan says -She like Ke’s family and doesn’t want other to say bad things about letter it, even from her own mother. * * Leah really wants to belong to the village. She says to Ke: * “The village. You really think it’s mine, don’t you?” * “Definitely. Yours as much as mine.” Smiling, waiting. * We find out night that Ke’s father has been killed. * Ke tells Leah that there were 1 million protesters in Tiananmen Square and cover letter, they were not just students. He is excited about the news. * Russia’s Gorbachev tells Deng he has a revolution on his hands * Ke tells Leah about the timeline of the protests. * Ke tells Leah that they want an end to corruption – they want CHANGE – they want DEMOCRACY – A FAIR CHANCE – FREEDOM * We learn Heng is the Communist Party Head guy in the village and even though he only has the same land as everyone else, how does he afford a motorbike and a colour TV? His son runs a factory… There is no equality in the Communist Party * Ke tells Leah that his father was a poet and in finance, was killed by the Red Guard during the Cultural Revolution, because of his poetry. * Ke’s mother worries about his involvement in the marches because she knows what could happen to him. * Leah and Ke share a moment of connection when she tells him that her father died also. * As Ke tells Leah about his father’s death, she thinks about her mother and find out letter ex that all Joan does is just because she doesn’t want to lose Leah- her only daughter - Lead understands her mother more and therefore, start to doctoral, forgive her. * The river bank is where Ke and Leah comes together and talk to each other.
It is the cover ex, place that their relationship is built up as they also know more about each other. * * Ke has to go into Chengdu and by difference essay knowledge, his mother is worried about the cover letter ex, danger – He is thesis for phd in finance not, but is excited to see how the protests are going * Leah feeds the animals and helps out. * Li-Nan takes Leah to see Joan in cover letter the hospital. * Li-Nan and Joan finally connect and Leah feels a bit left out as they talk about their children and the worries they have for them * She is sad that Joan is opening up to Li-Nan instead of her * Ke and Leah making joke with each other, call each other “Orphan” and by difference knowledge power ways womens, “Pig” and cover letter ex, ask about the for phd in finance, yesterday’s “unhappiness” - they are getting really close as they can talk freely to each other, they understand each other. * Li-nan goes to the hospital with Leah, she meets Joan. At first Joan was so cold and mean to her but then after some words, they are becoming friends as they all have the same pain (husband’s death) - A similarity can bring people together. * Joan asks Leah to go out so she and ex, Li-nan have a space to communication and personality, talk about cover letter ex their husband. Leah feels sad as Joan always kicks her out of conversations about his dad.
She feels like an outcast and wonders herself that why everybody gets to doctoral thesis, know Joan better than her. * Leah meets Tong whilst she is out walking. * He takes her to his school and she notices how different it looks than her school * The get Tong’s coin book out to try to find out more about the coin * We learn that when Mao launched the Cultural Revolution the government made Tong scrub toilets instead of write books, and they killed his brother for cover, his poetry. We learn that their father was made out to be a bad Chinese because he was a good farmer and summary, so Tong says their lives were ruined * Tong agrees with the protests and what they hope to cover, achieve, but he says it is very difficult to bring about change * Leah sees Tong outside the school and narrative essay, goes with him to see the book which might help them find out about the coin * Tong apologizes to Leah about letter his attitude the other day, Leah says to him that it is ok - They now understand each other and in finance, get closer. * Leah knows more about the situation in cover letter China, as all the official parties are corrupting while the people are dying in poverty. * Ke returns from Chengdu with news that the city is under siege with students and workers and other protestors, even the short on fatima jinnah, police do not want to stop them * We learn some of the Communist leaders had come out to talk to the students * Heng speaks about supporting the students and ending corruption * In the cafe, Tong says that he likes Leah and cover, even if she is not family, he would marry her into the family (to Ke) so that she could be part of his family - their relationship is getting closer as Tong wants Leah to be part of his family. * Ke comes back and tells everyone about the situation of the protest.
Heng unexpectedly says that he is in support of the narrative, students and tries to explain that he is not corrupting. * * Leah tells Ke how his mother worries about him. * Ke describes how he had his mother bonded after his father had died – how working the field together brought them closer together * Ke takes Leah to the paddy and tell her that is the paddy was dug by Li-nan and him. Ke explains how Li-nan did to overcome the pain of his father’s death. Cover. Just like Joan, Li-nan kept herself and ke busy so they didn’t have time to think about book summary Ke’s father. Ex. Working together for thesis, so long, they became friends and then the letter ex, paddy was not important anymore, they reached their goal. Essay Inspired Womens. * Ke tells Leah that he agrees with the way his mother overcoming the pain and so should Leah. Leah realises that maybe Joan wants the trip to cover ex, China their “paddy” * * Tong arrives with news of the night book summary essay, coin – it is letter older than the village * On the way to the hospital Leah wonders why other people know Joan better than she does * Leah remembers her mother crying when she had read the letter from her father. She realises that she has not thought about how losing her father and communication and personality in negotiation paper essay, her husband has affected her mother. * Leah confesses to her mum that she is jealous that Joan talks to other people about how she feels, but not to Leah. Cover. * Ke had asked why they had come to China and at library thesis first it was for other people, but they both realise that now it is for themselves – Leah feels a great sense of family and belonging: * “But this is my family now!” * Leah tells about letter ex Ke and Li-Nan digging the paddy and how that made them closer. Perhaps this hunt for the coin is their ‘paddy’ and will bring them closer * Li-Nan breaks into a trunk that was her husbands, and is now Ke’s, looking for the other half of the coin * They find the night book summary, other half of the coin in letter a piece of bamboo and knowledge power ways womens, are very excited * Leah comments: * “This is letter ex family, Leah thought …and hugged them both back. What a great day.” * On the by difference inspired knowledge womens, way to the hospital, Leah asks herself why people get to know Joan better than her, and cover letter ex, then she put herself in Joan’s shoes and finds out the answer herself.
She understands why Joan did all the things. In Negotiation. * In the hospital, Leah frankly asks Joan and Joan opens her mind to letter, Leah - They get together and become closer. * Leah realises that her purpose of the trip is changed, she is no longer there for her Dad but for herself. She wants to book, be a part of Ke’s family. * Leah gets home and helps Li-nan explore her husband’s chest. Ex. They find the other half coin in for phd in finance the bamboo. Leah feels relieves as she sees the cover letter, coin finally fit together perfectly -Ke’s family is truly her family, Leah is so happy as what she wants now comes true. * She also notices that Ke is narrative on respect not there and asks for Ke - Leah misses Ke and likes Ke so much that she wants to share her happy moment with him. * * Li-Nan says that Leah must tell Joan about the coin, but Leah says, “We’ll tell her. Together.” * They find a piece of letter paper in the bamboo stick. * Ke arrives home and tells them that Deng has declared Martial Law and communication in negotiation paper essay, soldiers have been brought in to ex, stop them protestors * Ke wants to narrative on respect, go to the city again but Li-Nan convinces him to ex, stay home because of the communication in negotiation, danger. He is not happy. * He apologies for dragging Leah into the political trouble and she surprises herself by saying, “I want to be part of it.” * Ke is criticised by his friends for not going to cover letter ex, Chengdu and he is left crying * They are able to read part of the paper and it was written by Ke and library thesis, Leah’s great grandfather * Leah visits Joan in hospital.
Joan says, “You’re perfect. Wonderful people. A family.” “It is wonderful to letter ex, find a friend and know that she is family too.” * We learn the coin was found by the great grandfather when he was digging the field and he had broken it into halves. He took it to a wise woman in his village to see if it was of any value. * Ke and Leah find the essay, mattock that had been used by cover letter the great grandfather to split the essay knowing power ways, coin. * News comes back from the city that Deng has surrendered. The students are growing in numbers and are being joined by thousands of others. Soldiers have turned back.
They are all shouting “people Power.” “Down with Deng and Li Peng.” * We find out cover ex more from the old page…The old woman had told the great grandfather that the coin was worthless but was an omen and short essay, would split his family because he had split the coin * News again of the protest..Nothing has happened. Cover Ex. Tens of thousands of protestors, police and night book essay, army, with no movement * On Ke’s return we find out that not as many people are marching as before. Letter. Zhao has been pushed aside..Ke is depressed * They have the by difference knowing, whole of the scroll translated now, but Ke is too distracted by the protest to be excited. * We learn that after the letter ex, coin was found, and narrative essay, the omen given, the village suffered famine and floods and hard times. We find that Bi has had to leave the village to go and search for cover letter, better land to support his family. The father gives his son half the coin to remember this broken family.
Leah gives the two halves of the coin to night, Ke. * As the cover letter, protesting situation is getting worse, Li-nan doesn’t want Ke to go anymore because she is for phd in finance afraid to lose Ke. Ke reluctant agree to stay. * Ke goes talk to his friends to find out more about the cover letter ex, real thing happening in the protest. The students say that they need Ke but Ke tells them he can’t go. And Personality In Negotiation Paper. They criticise Ke and he feels guilty, he is losing his sense of belonging toward the protest group * Leah, Tong and Li-nan come to ex, the hospital to tell Joan that they are family. Joan is happy as eventually she could find her own family. * The government stops the trains running so the students can’t travel to the marches. Ke feels they have failed in their attempt to change things. Thesis In Finance. * Ke says that the only important place to march is Tiananmen.
Li-Nan says she will not let him go there and he says he must * There is an argument about Ke’s involvement in the protests, but he has already bought his train ticket and she realises she cannot stop him. They hug. He says it will be alright, but his face is pale. * Ke has been gone for two days. * Leah thinks about how long she has been in China and letter, how she never wanted to and personality paper, come. She says of ex herself, “No, you’re not Chinese, but you’re not not Chinese either. It doesn’t matter anymore.” She is finding her place. * Leah doesn’t want to leave China without seeing Ke.
She thinks about him in a romantic sort of way * Heng arrives in the village and Leah realises he has fertiliser…(the other villagers have none) * Leah goes home and tells Tong what she has seen. Tong gets some people up and the head to Heng’s. they shame Heng into sharing the fertiliser with the village * Joan gets out of hospital. * Leah and Joan leave the village to start heading home. * Leah walks in narrative essay on respect the village herself at night, she realises that she is now familiar with the cover letter ex, village and China. She gets accepted by communication and personality paper essay people and even the animals (dog, duck…) and she feels happy about it, she nearly accepts her Chinese identity by saying : “NO you’re not Chinese but you’re not not Chinese either.
It doesn’t matter anymore” * Leah finds Heng sneaking on the root with his bike and a truck, she smells the fertiliser in Heng’s truck and realises Heng is letter ex secretly taking all the fertiliser for his own. Leah runs back home to tell Tong. They catch Heng and night book, take away all of his fertiliser bags. * Leah is letter ex a hero of the villager, she is happy that she could help them - She is book essay a real part of the village now. * Leaving the village with Joan, Leah feels pity and sad, she wants to stay longer. * * Joan tells Leah that she can go to cover letter, Tiananmen to see Ke. * Leah sees a lot of people in Tiananmen Square. * A man helps Leah get closer to a ‘statue’ – the ‘Goddess of Democracy’ hoping she will find Ke there. * Ke tells her many have been there for night summary essay, a month and they will not give up * Ke shows Leah a piece of glass that he got the coins set in. she takes it to show Joan and promises to return tomorrow * She kisses him. * Leah goes to find Ke and sees him with thousands of students in the Tiananmen. Ke gives Leah the glass egg in which the cover letter ex, two halves of the coin are encased.
The halves are separated by the bubble - symbolise that Ke and Leah cant get together, the new China cant be accepted by the old govermnet * * Leah is woken at night. She thinks it is the library doctoral, sound of crackers at a wedding. * Joan and Leah go to the great wall, Joan starts to talk about David with Leah - They are getting closer * * Leah finds out that something bad has happened at Tiananmen. Leah travels to Tiananmen and finds out that the ex, soldiers attacked the students the night before. * Ke has not contacted them. * Leah feels lost and sad as the restaurant owner tells her that the Tiananmen is gone, people got killed. She worries about communication paper essay Ke. * * Leah goes out for a walk in letter search of Ke or some news. She sees soldiers and for phd, burnt out trucks and is nearly shot by a soldier, who shoots another young woman instead. * Leah and Joan wait in the hotel, hoping to cover ex, be contacted by Ke * The Australian Embassy evacuates Leah and short jinnah, Joan from the motel to a safer location * We learn through a re-tell from one of the students what must have happened at Tiananmen the night of the massacre * They are evacuated again to the airport, where they will leave for Australia * Leah remembers that Ke had said that the Egg with the coin in it was China * The reality that Ke is dead hits them both and they think of poor Li-Nan * They cling to each other for comfort as they leave China behind * Joan and Leah receive the call from the cover letter ex, Australian embassy and follow them to the safe place. Essay. Leah desperately waits for Ke’s call, hoping he is alright. * Leah thinks about the coin as a symbol for so many things. She realises that after all, the coin just leads to an accident, which she doesn’t want to. * After all, Joan and Leah get together.
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