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Ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other essays

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Ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other essays

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Biography Of Ludwig Van Beethoven. Autor: anton • November 12, 2010 • 3,777 Words (16 Pages) • 1,443 Views. Birth: 1770 in Bonn, Germany. Death: 1827 in Vienna, Austria. Source: Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research, 1998. TABLE OF CONTENTS. The instrumental music of the German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) forms a peak in the development of tonal music and is one of the crucial evolutionary developments in the history of music as a whole. The early compositions of reliance essays, Ludwig van Beethoven marked the culmination of the what is a thesis for steve jobs 18th-century traditions for waldo and other which Haydn and Mozart had established the great classical models, and his middle-period and late works developed so far beyond these traditions that they anticipated some of the major musical trends of the late 19th century.

This is especially evident in his symphonies, string quartets, and piano sonatas. In each of these three genres Beethoven began by mastering the i write existing formal and esthetic conventions of the late 18th century while joining to ralph waldo self and other these conventions signs of unusual originality and power. In his middle period (from about 1803, the additional science papers year of the Eroica Symphony, to about 1814, the year of his opera Fidelio in ralph emerson essays, its revised form) he proceeded to develop methods of elaboration of ben franklin, musical ideas that required such enlargement and emerson, alteration in perception of formal design as to render it clear that the conventions associated with the genres inherited from the aqa gcse additional past papers 18th century were for him the merest scaffolding for works of the highest individuality and cogency. If Beethoven's contemporaries were able to follow him with admiration in his middle-period works, they were left far behind by the major compositions of his last years, especially the last three Piano Sonatas, Op. 109, 110, and 111; the Missa solemnis; the Ninth Symphony; and the last six String Quartets, Op. 127, 130, 131, 132, 133, and 135.

These works required more than a generation after Beethoven's death to be received at all by concert audiences and were at first the preserve of waldo and other, a few perceptive musicians. Composers as different in viewpoint from essays one another as Brahms and Wagner took Beethoven equally as their major predecessor; Wagner indeed regarded his own music dramas as the legitimate continuation of the Beethoven tradition, which in his view had exhausted the possibilities of and other essays, purely instrumental music. Beethoven's last works continue in good thesis jobs, the 20th century to pose the deepest challenges to musical perception. Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, the self reliance essays Rhineland seat of an electoral court. His ancestors were Flemish (the van was no indication of any claim to nobility but merely part of the name). His father, a tenor in the electoral musical establishment, harbored ambitions to create in his second son a prodigy like Mozart. As Beethoven developed, it became increasingly clear that to reach artistic maturity he would have to leave provincial Bonn for what is a good statement for steve a major musical center. At the ralph waldo emerson self and other essays age of ben franklin, 12 he was a promising keyboard virtuoso and a talented pupil in composition of the court musician C. G. Neefe. In 1783 Beethoven's first published work, a set of keyboard variations, appeared, and in the 1780s he produced the ralph self and other essays seeds of a number of later works. But he was already looking toward Vienna: in 1787 he traveled there, apparently to seek out Mozart as a teacher, but was forced to good thesis for steve jobs return owing to his mother's illness.

In 1790, when the eminent composer Joseph Haydn passed through Bonn, Beethoven was probably introduced to him as a potential pupil. Years in Vienna. In 1792 Beethoven went to Vienna to study with Haydn, helped on his way by his friend Count Ferdinand von Waldstein, who wrote prophetically in the 22-year-old Beethoven's album that he was going to Vienna to receive the spirit of Mozart from the hands of Haydn. What he actually received from Haydn in lessons was little enough, and Beethoven turned to others of lesser talent in waldo and other essays, Vienna for help with counterpoint, including the contrapuntal theorist J. G. Poster. Albrechtsberger. Beethoven rapidly proceeded to make his mark as a brilliant keyboard performer and improviser and as a gifted young composer with a number of works to waldo self reliance his credit and powerful ambitions. I Write A Essay. He won entry into the musical circles of the emerson essays Viennese titled upper classes and gained a number of lifelong friends and admirers among them. In 1795 his first mature published works appeared--the three Piano Trios, Op. 1--and his career was in effect officially launched. Thesis Statement For Steve Jobs. From then until the end of his life Beethoven was essentially able to ralph self and other publish his works at approximately the rate at which he could compose them, if he wished to; in consequence the opus numbers of his major works are, with a few trivial exceptions, the true chronological order of his output. No such publication opportunities had existed for Haydn or Mozart, and least of all for poster contest Schubert, who spent his entire life in Vienna (1797-1828) in Beethoven's shadow, from the publication standpoint.

From 1792 to his death in 1827 at ralph emerson reliance and other essays the age of essays, 57 Beethoven lived in Vienna, essentially as a private person, unmarried, amid a circle of friends, independent of any kind of official position or private service. Essays. He rarely traveled, apart from summers in the countryside. In 1796 he made a trip to northern Germany, perhaps to look over the possibilities for a post; his schedule included a visit to the Berlin court of King Frederick William of Prussia, an amateur cellist, and the Op. 5 Violoncello Sonatas appear to date from this trip. Later Beethoven made several trips to Budapest and to spas in Bohemia.

In 1808 Beethoven received an ben franklin essays invitation to become music director at Kassel. Waldo Emerson Reliance Essays. This alarmed several of his wealthy Viennese friends into unprecedented generosity; three of them (Princes Lichnowsky and Kinsky and Archduke Rudolph) formed a group of backers and agreed to guarantee Beethoven an annual salary of 1,400 florins on condition that he remain in Vienna. He thus became, in principle, one of the first musicians in history to be freed form menial service and to be enabled potentially to live as an independent artist-although, as it happened,

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resume xml dtds The HR-XML Consortium is a global, independent, non-profit consortium dedicated to enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchange of human resources (HR) data. The work of the waldo emerson self reliance and other essays, Consortium centers on the development and promotion of standardized XML vocabularies for HR. How Do I Write A Essay Plan. HR-XML's efforts are focused on standards for staffing and recruiting, compensation and benefits, training and workforce management. The Consortium has a membership of companies represented in waldo and other essays 22 different countries. HR-XML specifications have been completed for: Background Check, Benefits Enrollment, Competencies , Contact Method , DateTime Data Types, Effective Dating, Enrollment, Entity Identifiers, Job And Position Header, Payroll Benefit Contributions, PersonName, Postal Address, Provisional Envelope Specification, Resume, Staffing Exchange Protocol, Staffing Industry Data Exchange Standards (SIDES), Stock Plan Interface Specification, Time Expense Reporting, TimeCard Configuration, User Area, WorkSite and Environment. The HR-XML specifications are freely available to the public using the registration/download interface. Additional. The specifications may be downloaded individually, or in the HR-XML Consolidated Distribution containing some 1697 files [2002-12-03]. Ralph Emerson Reliance And Other Essays. See the 2002-11 file listing for an overview of the XML schema files and supporting documentation.

The consortium is open to all interested parties, but membership is targeted toward: (1) Software Vendors. Is A Good Statement. For example, vendors providing HRIS, staffing and recruiting, or workforce planning software solutions. (2) Employers. Particularly large, multinational employers seeking to rationalize workforce management processes. (3) HR Service Suppliers. Ralph Emerson Self Reliance And Other Essays. For example, providers of recruiting, payroll, benefits consulting, and temporary staffing services. (4) XML Tool Vendors/Technology Companies. Vendors of XML editors, servers, and data management tools. (5) Non-Profit HR-Related Associations. SHRM, IHRIM, EMA, and is a good thesis for steve jobs other HR-industry groups. (6) Human resource professionals. Human resources and recruiting and staffing professionals, compensation and benefits administrators, and waldo emerson self reliance HRIS administrators. [December 14, 1999] The HR-XML Consortium has developed three provisional schemas. The schemas are very preliminary and are intended to generate discussion. JobPosting, CandidateProfile, Resume. The distribution files contain Document Type Definitions (DTDs) as well as Microsoft BizTalk-compatible schemas.

See below. Project Status: Completed Specifications. This document lists and describes the good thesis statement for steve jobs, key HR-XML specifications. [December 08, 2003] Oracle Launches HR-XML Product. Waldo Emerson Reliance Essays. Will Microsoft Word Follow?

By Ephraim Schwartz. In InfoWorld (December 08, 2003). Human Resources recruiters will receive welcome news this week when Oracle announces that its Human Resources Management System will use the aqa gcse science, HR-XML standard for data exchange. Developed by the HR-XML Consortium, over the long run the standard promises to reduce time spent in manually re-inputting resumes into self reliance and other essays custom systems and essays fees expended for resume parsing software and services. Among the Consortium membership are Oracle, PeopleSoft, IBM,, and Waldo Emerson Reliance Essays. If accepted industrywide, resumes from additional science any source will interface with HR applications and with recruiting software such as RecruitSoft and with online recruitment services such as The standard may also get a boost from Microsoft, which already has incorporated XML schema in ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other its Office products. What Good Thesis Statement For Steve Jobs. Sources say the Redmond giant will incorporate the HR-XML standard as one of its document formats in a future version of Word.

One industry analyst said that the HR-XML standard, unlike many other standards, is a real-world practical solution. Ralph Emerson Self And Other Essays. [December 05, 2003] HR-XML Consortium Approves Assessments Specification for Skills Evaluation. The Assessments 1.0 specification recently approved by the membership of the HR-XML Consortium features six new XML Schemas supporting order requests to providers of assessment and how do i write a essay plan testing services, and the return of assessment status and ralph emerson and other essays results. An assessment in this context can encompass a wide variety of tests, screenings, and instruments. Assessments can include tests of both hard skills (technical abilities acquired through training and education) and/or soft skills (a diverse range of abilities or personal characteristics such as customer orientation, analytical thinking, leadership skills, team-building skills, listening skills, and diplomacy). The Assessment Order specification is sufficiently generalized to how do plan, be useful in a wide variety of scenarios. The HR-XML Assessment Workgroup is planning future releases of the standard that will support additional options, such as the discovery of available assessment instruments based on the particular competencies an emerson self and other, employer may want to assess. This collection of ben franklin, XML Schemas is the latest suite in a series of related modular specifications designed to spare employers and and other essays vendors the risk and expense of having to negotiate and agree upon good thesis for steve data interchange mechanisms on an ad-hoc basis. HR-XML is an independent, non-profit consortium dedicated to enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchange of human resources data worldwide. Its work centers on waldo self reliance and other, the development and promotion of standardized XML vocabularies for HR, with current efforts are focused on standards for staffing and recruiting, compensation and benefits, training and work force management. Science Past Papers. The Consortium has produced a library of more than 75 interdependent XML schemas defining data elements for particular HR transactions, as well as options and constraints governing the emerson self reliance and other, use of those elements.

[January 22, 2003] ASC X12 and HR-XML Collaborate to essay contest, Develop Common Data Standards in XML Formats. - The Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X12 and the Human Resources XML (HR-XML) Consortium announced today that they have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to collaborate on emerson self reliance and other essays, data standards development for the human resources and insurance/health care industries. HR-XML brings a wealth of XML vocabulary expertise from additional science past all aspects of the ralph emerson reliance and other essays, human resources industry while ASC X12 is a cross-industry standards body with more than 300 plus EDI transactions sets implemented around the world. The first area of mutual interest HR-XML and ASC X12 will focus on is data standards development in the benefits enrollment arena. Together, they will work to develop an XML version of X12 transaction set 834 Benefit Enrollment and Maintenance and essay caregivers any other related EDI transaction sets. In addition to joint development of ralph reliance and other essays, this XML message, HR-XML and ASC X12 will identify and exchange best practices as the industries the respective organizations represent often share trading partners and the goal to streamline information flow. Is A Jobs. 'We are delighted to join forces with the HR-XML to leverage our respective expertise and develop XML business message standards that can improve efficiencies across human resources and insurance industries,' said ASC X12 Chair David Barkley of Freddie Mac. Waldo Self Essays. 'This strategic relationship advances ASC X12's vision of collaborating with organizations to build the best of breed XML business message standards for the global marketplace'. [October 08, 2002] HR-XML Consortium Announces Employee Stock Plan Interface Standard. A new specification produced by the HR-XML Consortium Employee Share Plans Workgroup has been approved as an HR-XML Recommendation. The Employee Stock Plans Interface 1.0 specification defines standard, vendor-neutral data definitions for the transfer of stock plan data.

The standard promises new efficiencies and cost savings for employers, third-party administrators, brokers, and other stakeholders involved in the administration of stock-based compensation programs. In addition, the specification will enable easy compilation of data required for reporting and compliance. How Do A Essay Plan. The Version 1.0 release includes ten XML schemas as well as primary prose document. This initial version of the specification is designed to support the administration of waldo self reliance and other essays, stock option programs. Essays. It describes the elements required to exchange data related to the administration of employee share plans, including the waldo emerson, expected usage of those elements, and the business processes meant to be supported. A future version will address employee stock purchase plans and other types of essay, plans.

[May 24, 2002] HR-XML Consortium Approves Background Checking Standard Specification Enables Easy Integration Between Employers and Background-Checking Services. - The HR-XML Consortium, the global non-profit organization dedicated to creating data interchange standards for ralph self reliance essays, human resources, has approved a background-checking standard. The specification supports the generation of background-check requests using data sourced from HR systems or from applicant-tracking and similar recruiting systems. 'The background-checking specification is designed to support background-check requests to third-party screening services,' said Chuck Allen, Director HR-XML Consortium, Inc. 'Using a reputable third-party screening service can help employers ensure that legal requirements are met and can help support privacy by avoiding the needless replication of data back to employer systems,' according to Allen. The schema explicitly supports screenings relating to criminal records, department of how do i write a essay plan, motor vehicle records, education, employment history, and credit worthiness. In addition, the background checking standard is sufficiently flexible to transmit information required to execute custom screenings that a client might arrange with a background checking service provider. The specification also supports the waldo emerson reliance essays, transmission of background check results to a client of a background checking service provider. [May 24, 2002] Background Checking 1.0. HR-XML Recommendation.

2002-April-29. Version reference: BackgroundChecking-1_0. Edited by Craig Corner (HireCheck) and Chuck Allen (HR-XML Consortium, Inc.). 82 pages. HR-XML's Background Checking specification supports requests to third-party providers of background checking services and ben franklin essays the return of search results.

The specification defines messages to ralph waldo emerson reliance essays, support background check requests and reports. Version 1.0 of the HR-XML Background Checking specification includes two schemas: (1) A schema to support background-check requests to third-party providers. The schema explicitly supports screenings relating to criminal records, department of motor vehicle records, education, employment history, and analysis handout credit worthiness. In addition, the BackgroundCheck schema is sufficiently flexible to transmit information required to emerson and other essays, execute custom screenings that a client might arrange with a background checking service provider. (2) A simple schema to transmit background check results to a client of a background checking service provider. See the ZIP archive for schemas and other documentation. [May 16, 2002] HR-XML Consortium Approves New XML Resume Specification. Additional Science. Versatile Specification Makes Resumes Easier To Search, Index, Match, and Manage. - The HR-XML Consortium, the global non-profit organization dedicated to creating data interchange standards for human resources, has approved a new XML resume specification. HR-XML's Resume 2.0 specification will enable a range of innovative new applications and services that will benefit job seekers as well as employers. 'Today, employers are drowning in sea of unstructured resumes, which are difficult to match against ralph waldo emerson and other essays business requirements,' according to what is a thesis for steve, Chuck Allen, Director, HR-XML Consortium, Inc. 'HR-XML's versatile, but structured XML Resume format, has great potential to change the ralph waldo emerson reliance, search for qualified employees from a shot-gun approach' to a targeted exercise. Likewise, structured resumes may give job seekers an opportunity to more effectively communicate their unique abilities to potential employers,' according to Allen.

The Resume 2.0 specification represents a substantial improvement over the resume definition included in essays HR-XML's Staffing Exchange Protocol 1.1. Ralph Waldo And Other. SEP 1.1 was defined using Document Type Definitions (DTDs). Aqa Gcse Additional Science Past. Resume 2.0 is defined using the World Wide Web Consortium's more powerful and ralph flexible XML Schema Definition Language (XSD). Is A Good Thesis Statement Jobs. This makes the Resume 2.0 specification more modular and extensible than the prior DTD-based version. Resume 2.0 has already been incorporated within HR-XML's Staffing Industry Data Exchange Standards (SIDES). The Employment History, Education History, and Military History modules within Resume 2.0 also are shared with HR-XML's new Background Checking specification. In addition, the Resume specification will be part of a future XSD-based version of HR-XML's Staffing Exchange Protocol. Ralph Waldo Emerson Reliance And Other Essays. 'Resume 2.0 is an integral part of essay caregivers, HR-XML's forthcoming Version 2.0 recruiting and staffing specifications,' said Nicholas Scobbo, HRIS Analyst, Mitre Corporation, and chair of HR-XML's Recruiting and ralph waldo self reliance and other essays Staffing Workgroup. 'HR-XML's Resume specification should go a long way in helping companies deal with the analysis handout, multiple sources and formats of resumes and in increasing the efficiency of recruiting systems and processes,' according to Scobbo.

[March 12, 2002] HR-XML Workgroup to Lead Employer Stock Plan Standards Initiative. A posting from Chuck Allen announces the ralph waldo reliance, launch of an Employer Stock Plan Standards Initiative, to be organized under a new HR-XML workgroup. The group will develop standards for employee stock purchase plans (ESPP) and stock option programs. Handout. The principal project goal is to define interfaces to exchange ESPP as well as stock option data between an employer and a plan administrator or broker. HR-XML member companies sponsoring the stock plan workgroup include Oracle, PeopleSoft, SAP, Fidelity Investments, Transcentive, and Watson Wyatt Worldwide. The project also includes participants from emerson self essays a variety of financial services, brokerage, and third-party administration companies. Character Analysis Handout. The workgroup plans to deliver the first HR-XML specifications for employer stock programs later in 2002. See also the text of a proposal: HR-XML Stock Purchase/Stock Option Interface. Waldo Emerson Self Reliance. [ Full context ] [December 31, 2001] Note from Chuck Allen (Director, HR-XML Consortium, Inc.): To better serve its growing constituency, HR-XML has formed the Employer Advisory Council (EAC). The purpose of the how do i write plan, EAC is to effectively channel the waldo emerson reliance and other, influence of the character handout, end-user community and to ralph waldo self reliance and other essays, ensure that representatives from end-user companies are empowered in the activities of the Consortium. Ron Schaeffer, a 29-years veteran of the Human Resources function, will help facilitate the EAC.

The EAC will officially kick-off its activities at next month's Jan. 14-16 [2002] HR-XML meeting in St. Pete Beach, FL. On the agenda is ben franklin essays, special EAC programming including a session led by Naomi Bloom that will examine why modeling matters in the deployment of complex HR systems. For further information, see the agenda. [in 2001] HR-XML has been phenomenally successful in attracting the participation of HRIT vendors. Ralph Waldo Self Reliance. this success has somewhat overshadowed the growing participation in ben franklin HR-XML by emerson self essays, HRIT end-users. Analysis Essay Handout. Some of the ralph emerson self essays, end-user companies represented within HR-XML are: Abbott Laboratories, American Standard Companies, Apple Computer, BP, Capital One, Chevron, Cisco Systems, Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS), Hewlett Packard, IBM, Mitre Corp, Northrop Grumman, Schlumberger, Shell, and Siemens. Clearly, there are many large, forward-thinking, and technologically sophisticated employers with an what, interest in HR-XML's success. Self Essays. [October 24, 2001] HR-XML Consortium Approves New Standards for Human Resources E-commerce.

A posting from Chuck Allen (Director, HR-XML Consortium, Inc.) announces the publication of six (6) new approved specifications from the HR-XML Consortium. The 128-member HR-XML Consortium held its quarterly meeting on essay, October 15-16, 2001 at London's Copthorne Tara Hotel, ratifying the new draft standards and affirming an expanded work agenda. The HR-XML Consortium is an independent, non-profit association dedicated to the development and promotion of ralph waldo emerson essays, a standard suite of essay poster contest, XML specifications to enable e-commerce and the automation of human resources-related data exchanges. The newly approved specifications govern Benefits Enrollment, Time Expense Reporting, Competencies, DateTime Data Types, PersonName, and PostalAddress. HR-XML standards working groups are designing HR-related specifications for Benefits Enrollment, Cross-Process Objects, Competencies, Payroll, Recruiting and Staffing, Staffing Industry Data Exchange Standards (SIDES), and Time Expense Reporting. The mission of the HR-XML Consortium is to spare employers and vendors the risk and expense of having to negotiate and agree upon data interchange mechanisms on an ad-hoc basis.

By developing and ralph emerson reliance essays publishing open data exchange standards based on Extensible Markup Language, the Consortium can provide the means for any company to transact with other companies without having to establish, engineer, and implement many separate interchange mechanisms. The proceedings from the London Meeting documenting activities of the HR-XML consortium are available online. [ Full context ] [August 07, 2001] HR-XML 1.1 Adds Flexibility for International, Temporary and Contract Users. By Rich Seeley. Aqa Gcse Additional Science Past Papers. In Application Development Trends (August 4, 2001). Chuck Allen, HR-XML Consortium director, said he and his colleagues 'learned a lot' from HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol (SEP) Version 1.0, which was approved last October. They incorporated much of what they learned into the newly released 1.1 version of the waldo emerson reliance, standard, which was designed for internal corporate human resources, financial departments and Internet job boards. Among the initial assumptions was that the standard would be used primarily for internal corporate HR systems. But staffing companies, such as Kelly, that were early adopters were interested in requisitions coming out of purchasing departments. Allen said there was some internal debate among HR-XML members as to whether they wanted to get into analysis handout the procurement side of the hiring business or remain purely an ralph essays, HR standard. But looking at essay caregivers how a new hire or temporary position is handled in the interconnected world of the Internet convinced members to expand the standard for use by purchasing departments.

SEP 1.1 now accounts for what Allen calls the 'chaining of information' that occurs as a request to hire a full-time, contract or temporary worker travels about the Internet. You start with a requisition in the purchasing office that goes to a staffing agency; if they don't have a candidate, it will go out to a job board, he explained. We realized that even if we designed the protocol for separate transactions, the data in this chain would get muddled. Waldo Emerson And Other. These are not entirely different transactions. The new version of HR-XML SEP 1.1 supports chaining of information; this means that if a company so desired, the purchasing manager would be able to track what happened to that requisition back through the staffing agency and out to a job board such as [November 01, 2001] HR-XML 'XML Timecard' Standard Approved by the HR-XML Consortium. Analysis Handout. New Schema to Enable Billing Functionality, Increase Mobility, and Flexibility. - The HR-XML Consortium, a global independent organization dedicated to ralph self and other essays, creating worldwide XML standards for additional science, the human resources industry, has approved an XML 'timecard' standard. The timecard standard promises to save money for companies while reducing frustration for HRIS and payroll system managers trying to integrate time and expense data across time and attendance, HRIS, payroll, and other disparate systems. 'Global standards for time capture are sorely needed,' said Gail Bubsey, business analyst with Kelly Services and co-chair of HR-XML's Time Expense Workgroup. 'Currently, there are a wide variety of applications all attempting to exchange time worked data with each other. Payroll and time reporting are two of the most complicated and crucial elements of HR, so there really is waldo emerson and other, no room for error,' according to poster, Bubsey. One of the significant accomplishments of this project, according to Bill Kerr, principal software engineer for Oracle Corporation and workgroup co-chair, was meeting the changing needs of HR management. According to Kerr, 'the modern workplace demands functionality wherever and whenever the user requires it, and that requires a new way of thinking about data exchange.

Time reporting might begin with a time capture device like a timeclock, but it is increasingly likely to begin with a browser, mobile phone, or personal digital assistant (PDA). HR-XML's timecard spec provides the neutral message between such reporting devices and an HRIS, ERP, or a time and attendance system,' Kerr said. The timecard specification supports the waldo emerson, transmission of essays, 'raw' time-worked data as well as pre-processed data optimized for direct submission to a payroll or HRIS. 'Because the timecard spec is flexible enough to ralph waldo emerson reliance and other essays, support both processed and unprocessed time data, it can be extremely valuable in situations involving an intervening process, such as a time and caregivers attendance system, that provides enriched, summary information for submission directly to ralph emerson self and other, a payroll or HRIS process,' Kerr noted. The next steps for the group will be to essays, include extra interactions and ralph waldo emerson reliance and other essays data flows within the standard. Organizations and caregivers individuals interested in reviewing the reliance and other essays, HR-XML timecard standard can download the aqa gcse science past, specification from the waldo reliance essays, Consortium's website. [November 01, 2001] Open Standard for Benefits Enrollment Approved by HR-XML Consortium. Breakthrough for Employers, Insurance Carriers, and Plan Administrators. Essay Poster Contest. - The HR-XML Consortium has approved a new XML-based standard for employee benefit plan enrollments. The enrollment specification offers employers, third-party administrators, insurers, and payers new opportunities for reducing the costs and delivery times associated with communicating benefit plan enrollment information. 'Today, insurance carriers and third-party benefits administrators use either their own specifications or EDI formats for accepting employee enrollment from external systems,' said Elizabeth O'Neal, Director of Integration Technologies and Services at Employease, Inc., and leader of the HR-XML Benefits Enrollment Group. 'The HR-XML Consortium's enrollment specification provides a robust but easy-to-implement means of connecting employers and third-party administrators with insurance carriers and other benefit plan providers,' according to O'Neal. Version 1.0 of the HR-XML benefits enrollment specification supports enrollment and maintenance of ralph, employees in 'tier coverages,' such as medical, dental and poster vision. And Other. Other types of essay, coverage (FSA, Life, 401(k), etc) will be supported in future releases of the standard. Reliance. The initial specification supports benefits enrollments only within the United States.

Profiles to support enrollments in past other countries are a topic for possible future work. The new standard was developed to provide a ready path to the EDI transaction sets mandated under the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and ralph waldo emerson self essays Accountability Act (HIPAA). The Consortium illustrated in a proof-of-concept demonstration how industry-standard XML can be leveraged to bring HRIS-sourced data in conformance with the essays, HIPAA EDI transaction sets. [November 01, 2001] Extending Schemas. Edited by Paul Kiel (HR-XML). Contributors: Members of the HR-XML Technical Steering Committee. Working Draft 2001-09-11, Version 1.0. HR-XML Consortium specifications are meant to model specific business practices.

Recognizing that it cannot satisfy the needs of ralph waldo self reliance, all implementers all the time, the need for a standard way to extend schemas becomes clear. This document is aimed to what is a good thesis statement for steve jobs, provide guidance regarding the extension of XML Schemas so that trading partners can exchange information in the real world as well as experiment with new data that could be incorporated into a future specification. Given that extension is a reality, how can we accommodate extensions without undermining the waldo self and other, principle of open standards? This document is meant to provide guidance on the best practice for extending schemas. Its goal is to show: (1) Official endorsement of essay, different methods for implementation; (2) Conventions for creating extensions to encourage consistency. This document focuses on XML Schema extension methods.

Where possible, references to DTD equivalent issues are included. Addressing all possible extension methods for DTDs ( i.e. , internal subsets) is not in scope. As discussed here, 'extending' is meant to 'add additional elements and attributes to an existing schema'. This is not to be confused with how Roger Costello uses it in the XML Schemas: Best Practices discussion; he refers to 'extending' meaning adding functionality to schema that does not currently exist. The Technical Steering Committee has approved two methods that enable extension of HR-XML schemas without undermining an open standards mission. The 'wrapper' and 'ANY' techniques are explained herein.

Additionally, a 'Namespace' extension method was examined and rejected, details in Appendix C. [Comment from emerson self and other Chuck Allen: Like every other organization developing XML schemas, HR-XML is wrestling with 'standard' approaches to extending 'standards'. The editors welcome comments on the extension document; send email to Chuck Allen or Paul Kiel. [source .DOC] [November 01, 2001] [XML Schema] Enumeration Extension. Aqa Gcse Past. By Paul Kiel (HR-XML). 2001-10-29. 5 pages. HR-XML Consortium work groups are increasingly grappling with a common problem regarding the use of enumerations in self and other essays schemas. Poster. The traditional use of enumerations consists of a fixed number of provided values, which are determined at the time of the schema design.

The problem arises when a business process is modeled with a schema that includes enumerated lists that do not cover 100% of the ralph waldo emerson self and other, foreseen cases. The main question arises: how can a work group standardize enumerated values when less than 100% of the foreseeable values are known at papers design time? The objective of ralph waldo self reliance and other essays, this text is to endorse a method for standardizing enumerated values without preventing extensions to cover unknown or trading partner specific values. The two most debated approaches to standardizing incomplete enumeration lists are a union of values with a string, essentially a convention, and a union of values with a string pattern, known as pattern extension. The Technical Steering Committee has determined that while the principle of separating data from analysis handout metadata has significant merit, in this case, making the ralph waldo emerson, best use of the parser can be more important. Consequently, it endorses the Pattern Extension method of standardization of incomplete enumeration lists when most of the analysis essay handout, values are known. When only a few values are know, the Convention Method is acceptable as well as using an atomic data type such as a simple string.

Comment from Chuck Allen: We regard this document on handling enumerations as a schema design technique with some use in certain circumstances. We're also interested in the notion of 'interfaces to taxonomies' -- being able to ralph reliance and other essays, reference or (carry along) taxonomies that would provide data values. One of our use cases is posting job openings to character analysis essay handout, job boards; each job board has a different classification system (these usually translate to drop-down lists in a web user interface). We definitely will not take on the task of try to develop standard skill and job taxonomies, but we want to ralph waldo essays, be able to plug-in those in use by major job boards and by government agencies (US Dept of Labor and many other national labor boards have developed skill/job taxonomies). While our use case is specific to HR, the basic problem of referencing and using external taxonomies is not unique to our problem domain. [source .DOC] [November 01, 2001] [HR-XML] Payroll Benefits Contributions 1.0. Edited by Penni Kessler and Kim Bartkus. By Members of the HR-XML Payroll work group.

Working Draft Version 1.0. 2001-Oct-29. What Is A Thesis Statement For Steve Jobs. This document describes HR-XML's Payroll Benefit Contributions schema. The schema allows the waldo reliance and other, capture of essay caregivers, information used by third party administrators to manage employees benefit contributions. Many companies have defined/deferred contributions as part of their benefits packages that they offer to employees. Ralph Emerson Self Reliance And Other. In order to process these contributions correctly, the employees' participation information must be used to interface with the payroll system and third party administrators.

This document specifies the data elements that will be necessary to ben franklin essays, process benefit contributions within a payroll and to send information to the third party administrators. The SPARK standard was forwarded to the payroll workgroup to define the benefit contributions information to waldo essays, be transmitted between a payroll vendor and a third party administrator. The first phase of this project was to convert the SPARK standard to XML. The payroll transmission was demonstrated during a conference using a demo XML format. This initial phase was called the Son of SPARK. [SPARK, the Society of Pension Administrator and Record Keepers, has developed an ASCII file format that has been adopted by some of the major third party administrators.

Instead of essay, having payroll vendors converting to self reliance, SPARK formats and then having to convert to XML formats a short time later, we are trying to reduce the amount of programming that will need to be done.]. See also the XML Schema. [Cache PDF and schema.] [October 24, 2001] HR-XML: Enabling Pervasive HR e-Business. By Chuck Allen [GCA bio] and Lon Pilot. Contest. Paper presented at XML Europe 2001 (21-25 May 2001, Internationales Congress Centrum (ICC), Berlin, Germany). The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit group that is ralph waldo emerson self, developing standard XML vocabularies for the human resources management profession. With more than 120 member organizations around the world, HR-XML is one of the largest and best-supported groups developing XML standards in support of specific business functions. Poster. Human resource management is an enormous and emerson self essays complex domain.

Simply stated, the HR management function supports organizational effectiveness by recruiting, identifying, assessing, hiring, retaining, motivating, training, and compensating the people organizations need to execute their missions. While much has been done to Web-enable HR software and services, employers and service providers still often encounter barriers to easy data integration. For instance, exchanging data with a new partner or service provider too often requires decisions about the format of the 'data feed' and custom development of software interfaces to move data into and out of computer systems. Moreover, while the how do i write a essay plan, Web browser has become a universal, easy-to-use interface for users to enter data and interact with applications, the frequent need for users to enter data into Web forms from paper sources, to cut and paste data between different applications, or to re-enter the same data within different forms is symptomatic of the data integration problems common today. This paper provides background on some of the data interchange barriers within the essays, HR management domain and what members of the HR-XML Consortium are doing to eliminate those barriers. The paper briefly reviews the Consortium's methodology and the status of its current projects. Essay Poster. Also available in PDF format. Waldo Emerson And Other Essays. [cache] DTDs 2001-01 [2000-01] PostalAddress: Prescribes the form of the Postal Address object used in how do plan HR-XML specifications. [DTD with documentation] [2000-01] PersonName: Prescribes the form of the self, Person Name object used in HR-XML specifications. Essay Caregivers. [DTD with documentation] [2000-01] Staffing Exchange Protocol, Job Position Posting, see also Job Position Seeker and Feedback. (SEP)is simple protocol for the communcation of information about job or position opportunities to job boards and other Internet recruiting venues. The protocol also provides for the return of information about waldo self, job/position seekers. [DTD with documentation] [2000-01] HR-XML Provisional Envelope: [2001-01] A simple envelope that can be used to character analysis essay handout, implement Staffing Exchange Protocol. [DTD with documentation] JobPosting Schema/DTD. The JobPosting schema is intended for use in ralph self reliance structuring exchanges of ben franklin, information about waldo reliance essays, job openings. [cache]

CandidateProfile Schema/DTD. CandidateProfile is intended for use in structuring exchanges of what good thesis for steve, information about job candidates. [cache] Resume Schema/DTD. Ralph Waldo And Other Essays. The Resume schema provides a way for job candidates to add valuable metadata to i write a essay plan, their online resumes. [cache] [April 25, 2001] XML Completes First Proof-of-Concept Demo for Draft Enrollment Schema. Breakthrough for Employers, Insurance Carriers and Plan Administrators. - The HR-XML Consortium successfully completed the first 'proof-of-concept' demonstration using the emerson self and other, Consortium's draft employee benefits enrollment schema. The Consortium's enrollment schema is aqa gcse additional science papers, a full-featured specification capable of supporting enrollment in a comprehensive range of benefit programs, including health and retirement plans, flexible spending accounts, and dental and vision plans. Ralph. The demonstration showed the ease and flexibility of using industry-standard XML to transmit HRIS-sourced enrollment data to essay poster, insurance carriers. The Consortium's Benefits Enrollment Workgroup presented the waldo and other essays, demonstration at the 2001 Conference of the Workgroup for character, Electronic Data Interchange (WEDI).

HR-XML members participating in ralph waldo self and other the demonstration included representatives of analysis essay handout, Employease, Hewitt Associates, BenefitsXML, and ralph emerson self reliance essays eBenX. 'Today, insurance carriers and third-party benefits administrators often have their own specifications for accepting employee enrollment from a essay external systems or they use EDI formats,' said Elizabeth O'Neal, Director of Professional Services at Employease, Inc., and leader of the ralph essays, HR-XML Benefits Enrollment Group. Essay. 'The proof-of-concept demonstration shows that the Consortium's enrollment specification can provide a robust, but easy-to-implement means of connecting employers and waldo emerson third-party administrators with insurance carriers and other benefit plan providers,' according to O'Neal. The 'proof-of-concept' demonstration illustrated how industry-standard XML can be leveraged to how do i write, bring HRIS-sourced data in conformance with the EDI transaction sets mandated under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Self. The data output from the aqa gcse additional past papers, demonstration was certified as HIPAA-compliant using the Electronic Healthcare Network Accreditation Commission's (EHNAC's) Standard Transaction Format Compliance System. Ralph Emerson Reliance Essays. The HR-XML Consortium is now among the organizations recognized by EHNAC as capable of producing HIPAA-compliant transactions. 'Although the Consortium's enrollment schema provides a ready path to the HIPAA-mandated EDI transaction sets, that is only one of the advantages of the specification,' explained Lon Pilot, a Systems Consultant with Watson Wyatt Worldwide, and the Chairman of the HR-XML Consortium. 'The HR-XML enrollment specification's 'single view' of enrollment data will provide employers and third-party administrators a new level of essay caregivers, power and flexibility in managing benefit programs,' according to Pilot. The Consortium expects to release the approved version of the enrollment specification in October 2001. [February 20, 2001] HR-XML Consortium Elects 2001 Board Members. New Board to Increase Consortium's International Presence. - The HR-XML Consortium, a non-profit organization dedicated to human resources (HR) data exchange, held its annual Board of Directors elections.

The Consortium elected six new directors to join three returning directors to the 2001 board. In keeping with the Consortium's bylaws, the board consists of self essays, nine member volunteers. The new board will include the additional influence of two European companies. The European board members add geographic diversity and insight to this proactive board. source] [January 11, 2001] Job Agencies Will Hire HR-XML. Protocol promises a lingua franca for résumés. By Maria Seminerio. In eWEEK (January 01, 2001). Scanning; manual parsing; garbled transfer to a searchable database; bending, folding, spindling and mutilating. It might sound like the Spanish Inquisition, but it's just the aqa gcse science past papers, routine torture that both paper and online risumis go through, all thanks to self reliance and other essays, a lack of data standards. What Statement For Steve Jobs. That absence of a lingua franca for human resources applications and waldo procedures winds up adding some 2 to essays, 3 minutes of processing per résumé -- a substantial slowdown for both job candidates and ralph emerson and other staffing service companies that process several million résumés each year. Thankfully, help is on the way.

Many major U.S. and international staffing companies and online job boards have pledged to adopt within the coming year a new XML (Extensible Markup Language) protocol aimed at standardizing the format of online risumis. The HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol, adopted by the 89-member, nonprofit HR-XML Consortium in September, provides a standard method of posting job listings and applying to posted jobs. For example, risumis posted to job boards that comply with the protocol will use the same terms for headings such as on-the-job experience, and poster even for emerson reliance and other essays, subheads within that cate gory, such as types of programming experience in the case of a techie job searcher. The protocol also provides a standard mechanism for creating, updating and deleting online job requisitions that promises to keep postings up-to-date. What's next for the HR-XML Consortium? The HR-XML Consortium, an independent, nonprofit association developing a suite of XML specifications for job search sites, staffing companies and human resources applications, in September finalized its Staffing and Exchange standard protocol for online job postings. But the 90-member group (which includes job placement firms, software makers, online job boards and caregivers other companies doing online staff recruitment) is emerson self, also building several other XML protocols for online tools for hiring and retaining workers, including: Payroll schema. The consortium's Payroll Workgroup is building a schema to support a range of electronic payroll interfaces. What Good Thesis. This project is focused on standardizing the way companies do online transfer of benefits and payroll information within their corporate intranets. Health benefits enrollment schema.

The Benefit Enrollment Workgroup is developing a schema for the online transfer of ralph waldo essays, employee health benefits enrollment data among employers' insurance carriers, managed care companies and third-party health care administrators. The result will be an caregivers, XML standard for online enrollment in health, dental, vision and 401(k) plans. [October 24, 2000] Industry Adopts HR-XML Standard for Web-Based Recruiting. XML Consortium Launches XML Standard for Job Postings on ralph self and other, the Web. - Members of HR-XML, the non-profit standards group for human resources data exchange, today approved the HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol (SEP) for standardizing job postings on the Internet. The new XML-based standard provides a common method for posting employment opportunities to web-based recruiting sites and good statement for steve the return of resumes matching those positions. Ralph Emerson Self. The HR-XML member companies participating in the meeting unanimously approved HR-XML SEP. 'HR-XML SEP will have an immediate, beneficial impact for job seekers, hiring managers -- in fact, everyone involved in the recruiting process,' said Alan Sproat of, leader of the HR-XML Recruiting and Staffing Workgroup. 'We invite companies and essay individuals who have not been involved in this development to use HR-XML SEP and participate in its future.' HR-XML SEP makes it possible for ralph waldo and other essays, employers to aqa gcse past, submit job requisitions to publishers without the need for customized interfaces. Resumes conforming to HR-XML SEP are retrieved, searched and evaluated more easily. Job seekers access a targeted range of ralph waldo self reliance essays, positions with better-defined requirements. How Do I Write. Application developers offer their clients the benefits of HR-XML SEP-compliant integration and automation tools. 'With the ralph reliance and other, tight job market showing no signs of easing up, it is more important than ever to essay, take advantage of a technology that can improve the efficiency of the task of hiring the best person for the job,' commented Lon Pilot of emerson reliance and other, Watson Wyatt Worldwide, chairman of the HR-XML Consortium. 'HR-XML SEP is that technology.' Representatives from all aspects of the human resources industry participated in poster contest the development of HR-XML SEP. Chuck Allen, director of the HR-XML Consortium, noted, 'Many companies put aside competitive issues to reach consensus on HR-XML SEP, working together in the best interest of the HR community at large.' HR-XML is the independent, non-profit consortium dedicated to enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchange of human resources (HR) data worldwide. The work of the Consortium centers on the development and promotion of standardized XML vocabularies for HR.

HR-XML's efforts are focused on ralph emerson essays, standards for staffing and recruiting, compensation and benefits, training and how do a essay plan workforce management. [September 27, 2000] New HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol Standardizes Web-Based Recruiting. Waldo Emerson And Other Essays. Major HR Companies Team in Support of XML Standard for Job Postings on handout, the Web. - The new HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol (SEP) for standardizing job postings on the Internet was demonstrated by five major HR companies at the HR Technology Conference this week. The XML-based SEP, which is currently under review by HR-XML, provides a common method for posting employment opportunities to web-based recruiting sites and waldo emerson self reliance the return of poster contest, resumes matching those positions. Recruiting on the Internet just got a lot easier--for everyone, said Alan Sproat (, leader of the waldo emerson self and other, HR-XML Recruiting and Staffing Workgroup.

Using HR-XML SEP, employers can submit their requisitions to more publishers, without multiple custom interfaces. Resumes can be retrieved, searched and evaluated much more easily when they conform to SEP's consistent format. Ben Franklin Essays. Job seekers can access a targeted range of ralph waldo emerson and other essays, positions with better-defined requirements. Essay. Finally, application developers can offer their clients the benefits of SEP-compliant integration and automation tools. Participants in the HR Technology Conference demonstration included HR-XML members, eWork Exchange, Icarian,, Novient and Peopleclick. The companies took on roles of job requisitioner, job board and job seeker. Using the waldo emerson and other essays, HR-XML SEP schema and standard http technology, the participants not only created postings, they also updated and deleted requisitions, responded to openings and searched postings and resumes--all without the customized interchange mechanisms that would be required today. Essay Caregivers. We've demonstrated the first version of the HR-XML SEP, explained Lon Pilot, president of the HR-XML Consortium.

We encourage employers, HR service providers and all companies who are affected by the standardization of job postings to contribute to further development of this messaging format. Organizations and individuals interested in ralph waldo self joining the HR-XML, should visit About HR-XML HR-XML is the ben franklin essays, independent, non-profit consortium dedicated to ralph waldo reliance and other essays, enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchange of aqa gcse past papers, human resources (HR) data worldwide. Ralph Emerson Self. The work of the Consortium centers on thesis for steve jobs, the development and promotion of standardized XML vocabularies for HR. HR-XML's efforts are focused on standards for staffing and recruiting, compensation and benefits, training and workforce management. [November 06, 2000] Workscape Joins Industry Leaders Supporting Open Internet Standards.

Market Leader in waldo emerson reliance HR Self Service to Participate in HR-XML Consortium, UDDI Initiatives. - Workscape Inc., a leading provider of Web-based HR self service solutions, is joining the HR-XML Consortium and supporting the Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI) standard. In doing so, the company will actively participate in the definition of open Internet and e-commerce standards under development by these organizations, working alongside other industry leaders including Ariba, CommerceOne, Dell, i2 Technologies, IBM, PeopleSoft, and SAP. The HR-XML Consortium is an what is a good thesis for steve jobs, independent, non-profit association dedicated to the development and promotion of a standard suite of Extensible Markup Language (XML) specifications to enable e-commerce and the automation of human resources-related data exchanges. The Consortium has targeted key HR applications for XML standardization including recruiting and staffing, benefits enrollment and defined contribution/defined benefit data exchanges. Ralph Waldo Self. HR-XML Consortium includes over 90 organizational members and hundreds of individual participants. UDDI focuses on analysis handout, standardizing methods for information sharing and integration among B2B trading partners over waldo emerson reliance and other essays, the Internet. The UDDI initiative creates a global, platform-independent, open framework to enable businesses to discover each other, define how they interact over contest, the Internet and ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other essays share information in how do i write a global registry that will more rapidly accelerate the global adoption of B2B e-commerce. Emerson Essays. Workscape hopes the HR-XML Consortium will help reduce the cost to businesses of character, exchanging relevant information and improving communications among employers, employees and the HR solutions providers that support them. UDDI's efforts to standardize on the underlying infrastructure for dynamic, automated integration of all e-commerce transactions and waldo self reliance essays Web services will be backed by Workscape's strength in deploying e-marketplaces.

[July 27, 2000] HR-XML Consortium Works to Standardize Payroll Transactions. Payroll Providers Invited to Participate in Standardization Effort. - The HR-XML Consortium, a non-profit organization dedicated to human resources (HR) data exchange, announced the formation of essay handout, a new workgroup to self and other essays, standardize payroll transactions using XML. The first priority of the essay caregivers, workgroup will be to develop a set of XML schemas to standardize communications between HR and payroll systems and also between payroll systems and third-party ( e.g. , 401K plan) administrators. Payroll providers, employers and HR companies are all encouraged to take part in the development of the emerson reliance essays, new standards. . . Membership in the HR-XML Consortium and participation in the Payroll Workgroup is open to anyone involved in additional science the payroll and/or HR industries, employers and vendors alike. Since the announcement of the workgroup at the HR-XML members meeting in Chicago last week, more than 20 HR and payroll providers came forth to contribute to this effort. Waldo Emerson Reliance And Other Essays. Organizations and individuals interested in joining the Consortium, should visit the HR-XML Consortium web site. [June 28, 2000] HR-XML Consortium Sponsors Panel Discussion/Demonstrates Draft Protocol at IHRIM Conference and Expo. XML-Enabled Staffing Exchange Demonstrated at aqa gcse additional science the International Association for Human Resource Information Management (IHRIM) Conference and Exposition. - The HR-XML Consortium, Inc. offered attendees of the International Association for Human Resource Information Management Conference and ralph waldo reliance and other essays Exposition an introduction to the Consortium and a demonstration of how XML standards enable the seamless integration of essay, human resources data. More than 200 people attended the early-morning event held June 21.

Consortium members IBM, Icarian, Inc.,,, and demonstrated their ability to ralph waldo essays, exchange job postings and resumes using the current draft of the Consortium's Staffing Exchange Protocol. A discussion panel moderated by aqa gcse science past, Naomi Bloom, Managing Partner of Bloom Wallace, answered questions about the ralph waldo reliance and other essays, Consortium and about the benefits of XML technology in exchanging HR data. Is A Thesis For Steve Jobs. The panelists included Chuck Allen, HR-XML Consortium Director; Tim Farlow, Director of Technology, Authoria, Inc.; David Lindheimer, Vice President for Small Enterprise Products, Best Imperativ HRMS; and Doug Merritt, President and CEO of ralph waldo emerson self and other, Icarian. The XML-enabled data exchange presented to IHRIM attendees demonstrated the posting of job opportunities and the return of resumes. The Consortium's Recruiting and Staffing Workgroup is refining the ben franklin, Staffing Exchange Protocol draft to and other, support such additional transactions as the good thesis jobs, updating and recalling of job postings, supplying of contact information for a job candidate where only waldo emerson and other, partial information is initially supplied, providing employer feedback to job boards on poster contest, positions that have been filled, and updating and recalling of resumes by job seekers. Further extensions to the protocol might include support for waldo emerson reliance and other, employment verification and reference checking. In addition to recruiting and staffing, the how do i write plan, Consortium has workgroups actively developing specifications to support employee benefits enrollment, exchanges of defined contribution and ralph waldo self reliance and other essays defined benefit plan participant data, and the myriad of cross-process objects -- including the person object -- that are important across the additional past, entire HR management systems domain. Other HR management processes are being undertaken as quickly as member firms provide volunteers to work in the new areas. Waldo Emerson Self. The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and promotion of standardized human-resources-related XML vocabularies for enabling e-commerce and aqa gcse additional papers inter-company exchanges of human resources data worldwide. [May 03, 2000] Nitorum Corporation Joins HR-XML Consortium. Nitorum Supports Efforts to Standardize XML Vocabularies for Human Resources Related E-commerce. - Nitorum Corporation, developer of Intelli-Gage, the first business-to-business e-procurement application for consultant services, announced today that it has joined the emerson self reliance and other, HR-XML Consortium.

The HR-XML Consortium is essay contest, a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and promotion of waldo self and other, standardized human resources-related extensible markup language (XML). Nitorum's Intelli-Gage automates and streamlines the entire process of procuring contract staff, bringing quality, cost, and time savings to large firms seeking to manage their contract staffing vendor relationships. Intelli-Gage's rules engine lets companies incorporate their business rules, including complex approval matrices, so that it adapts to a company's way of doing business. Caregivers. The Intelli-Gage procurement process includes: the ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other, development of a rate schedule for consultant services, the implementation of a preferred vendor program, and the ability to fill out online timecards, which are aggregated by vendor and sent as an electronic invoice to is a good thesis jobs, accounts payable and purchase order systems. The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and promotion of standardized human-resources-related XML vocabularies for enabling e-commerce and waldo reliance inter-company exchanges of human resources data worldwide. [April 25, 2000] HR-XML Continues Growth, Targets Initial Demonstration Projects. Industry Consortium Targets Key Data Interchange Challenges Affecting Recruiting, Staffing, Compensation, and ben franklin essays Benefits. - The HR-XML Consortium, Inc. continued to attract broad participation from industry leaders at emerson self and other essays its recent Fort Lauderdale meeting, the second meeting since the i write plan, Consortium's incorporation as a non-profit, technology standards body. And Other. Over 100 individuals from the Consortium's more than 70 member organizations participated in the meeting held April 6 and 7. At the meeting, the Consortium's Recruiting and Staffing workgroup unveiled a draft messaging specification (Staffing Exchange Protocol) that can enable dynamic, real-time staffing transactions over the Web using open, non-proprietary XML standards.

Among the transactions supported by the Staffing Exchange Protocol would be posting job announcements to job boards, updating and recalling job postings, supplying contact information for job candidates where only partial information was initially supplied, the updating and recalling of resumes by essay contest, job seekers, and the provision of ralph self and other, employer feedback to essay, job boards regarding positions that have been filled. The Compensation and Benefits workgroup similarly is ralph waldo and other essays, prioritizing and is a good for steve jobs defining the business processes most in need of standardization. Benefits plan enrollment and the maintenance and verification of employee benefits eligibility information are among the ralph waldo essays, processes on which the workgroup is focusing. The workgroup also is planning to deploy this summer a demonstration of how standardized XML can streamline the transfer of Defined Contribution and Defined Benefit (DC/DB) data between a plan sponsor, such as an employer, and a plan provider. The meeting featured technology briefings on ben franklin, Microsoft BizTalk and on XML security technologies being developed by the World Wide Web Consortium and the Internet Engineering Task Force. Emerson Self And Other Essays. Kevin McCall, product manager of the essay, BizTalk Initiative at Microsoft, noted that the 'HR-XML Consortium's provisional resume schema is the most widely used schema in the business document library, which currently contains over 400 schemas'. The Consortium has gained more than 30 new member organizations since its January meeting in San Jose. [February 04, 2000] HR-XML Consortium Expands Membership and Initiates Standards and Workgroups. Wide Support to Deliver Business-to-Business E-Commerce Standards Starting with Staffing, Recruiting and Employee Benefits. Consortium Elects Board of Directors. - The HR-XML Consortium today announced the results of ralph self essays, its recent board of directors election and that more than 45 organizations have joined the Consortium for the purpose of creating and promoting standardized, HR-specific XML vocabularies. Industry-standard XML vocabularies provide the means for essay contest, a company to transact business electronically with many other companies without having to establish, engineer and ralph waldo self essays implement many separate interchange mechanisms.

The XML-based message formats and transaction protocols being developed by the Consortium will provide a framework for a wide range of open, e-commerce services and software that will offer businesses increased efficiencies and greater ROI. The HR-XML Consortium also announced today that it has elected five members to its board of directors. The board of directors, which includes Jeff Bonar (Ultimate Software), David Donahue (Aetna), Gary O'Neall (Icarian), Lon Pilot (Watson Wyatt) and Cari Willis (IBM), is tasked with leading the non-profit group in creating and promoting a standardized XML framework for a broad range of human resource-related transactions and plan inter-company data exchanges. [March 24, 2000] Joins HR-XML Consortium. -, creator of the world's most advanced Internet-based Hiring Management System (HMS), announced that it has joined the HR-XML Consortium. This newly-formed non-profit organization is dedicated to the development and promotion of ralph emerson self reliance and other, standardized HR-related extensible markup language (XML) vocabularies designed to enable the worldwide exchange of statement for steve, HR data. The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and promotion of standardized human-resources-related XML vocabularies for ralph self reliance and other essays, enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchanges of human resources data worldwide. The Consortium is open to all interested parties, but membership is targeted to software vendors, employers, HR service suppliers, non-profit HR-related associations, and aqa gcse additional science papers human resource professionals. [February 08, 2000] Resumix Joins the HR-XML Consortium as a Charter Member. Resumix to Help Standardize XML Vocabularies. - Resumix, a leading provider of enterprise and Web-based staffing management solutions, today announced its participation in the HR-XML Consortium. The Consortium is a non-profit group dedicated to the development and ralph reliance promotion of standardized human-resources-related XML (Extensible Markup Language) vocabularies for enabling business-to-business e-commerce and the automation of inter-company exchanges of what is a good thesis statement jobs, human resources data.

The HR-XML framework makes data exchange between internal and external HR applications seamless, enabling companies to transact with each other without having to install a multitude of ralph emerson self, separate interchange mechanisms. Selected as a charter member of the additional, HR-XML Consortium, Resumix is developing technology to enable its enterprise and ralph waldo emerson self and other essays Web-based core recruiting software to essay, use XML, the ralph waldo emerson, new data exchange technology that is dramatically improving communication worldwide.

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12 Ways To Make Your Resume Stand Out. For any given job opening, HR personnel and self essays, hiring managers are deluged with resumes. Poster. Since they donЂ™t have the time or resources to interview everyone, they are always looking for waldo emerson and other essays ways to a essay plan weed out candidates as quickly as possible. In fact, some merely glance at waldo emerson reliance and other each resume before deciding whether to toss it in the yes or no pile. So, it's imperative that you make those few seconds count. Here are 12 ways to make your resume stand out: 1. Incorporate industry keywords and caregivers, buzzwords into self reliance and other essays, your resume, but donЂ™t overdo it. Use words and phrases like a ccomplished, developed, managed, and team player in good statement for steve, the natural language of the document, says Lisa Rangel, managing director of ЂњIf your resume makes it through the filtering system, but it is evident to the reader that you were successful because of 'keyword stuffing,' the reader will feel you just gamed the system and will place your resume in the ЂnoЂ™ pile.Ђќ. Ralph Waldo Emerson And Other. But executive coach Stever Robbins says using the right buzzwords sparingly doesn't guarantee you anything. ЂњYou could still end up in the resume black hole if you don't have sufficient differentiation once those keywords are met,Ђќ he says..

That's why it's important to analysis handout follow the next 11 steps.. 2. Tailor your resume to the job. ЂњTune your resume to this specific role, with substantiating detail that shows why you are a great fit for the position,Ђќ says Laura Smith-Proulx, a certified executive resume writer and LinkedIn profile expert. One way to do this is by including all of your skills and experience that are relevant to the job you're applying for. 3. Ralph Emerson Self And Other Essays. Use a modern, professional format. Format your resume so that it is pleasing to the eye but doesn't focus more on visuals than content. Here's an aqa gcse additional science past papers, example of a nicely formatted resume. 4. Make sure it is error-free and easy to ralph waldo self and other read. HR reps equate typos and errors with laziness, says Greg Faherty, a certified professional resume writer and aqa gcse additional science papers, owner of Make sure itЂ™s perfectly polished and error-free Ђ” and donЂ™t forget to put the ralph waldo emerson self reliance, most important information on page one.. 5. Use a header.

Include a clear, hard-hitting statement at the very top of the resume that effectively defines who you are, keeping the specific position in mind, says Ann Baehr, a professional resume writer and founder of Best Resumes of New York. Character Analysis. ЂњDo not use an objective. Think of it like a billboard.Ђќ. Baehr says the header is a branding statement that is typically all caps going across the self reliance and other, top of the page, usually sitting under your name and contact info. (555) 555-5555 | 123 Main Street | [email protected] GLOBAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIST. 6. Keep things professional. Don't include negative information about how do previous jobs or employers. Don't discuss your hobbies or personal qualities or politics. Simply stick to your career facts. 7. Include metrics. ThereЂ™s no better way to demonstrate how youЂ™ll add to waldo emerson self essays the bottom line or cut costs than to show quantifiable achievements, Smith-Proulx says. ЂњPlus, employers often assume past performance is indicative of future results.Ђќ.

Faherty agrees. He says a majority of resumes fail because all they provide are job descriptions. ЂњThe HR rep knows the basic duties of your job. Essay Contest. What he or she wants to ralph reliance and other see is how you made a difference to previous employers. In a piece Marc Cenedella wrote for TheLadders earlier this year, he says you should always c ount the number of $ signs and what good statement, % signs on your resume, and then double them. 8. Keep the readerЂ™s needs or industry requirements front and center. You need to know what they are looking for in your candidacy. Instead of developing your resume and ralph and other, then conducting a job search, it is wise to research the requirements of several opportunities to analysis essay get a sense for how you should be presented in and other essays, terms of branding, focus, and keywords, Baehr explains. 9. Customize your resume to tell a story. Your resume should bring the reader through your professional experiences, accomplishments, skills, and knowledge.

It should show how youЂ™ve advanced over the years, and what you can bring to the table. Character Analysis Handout. ЂњMake your resume long enough to tell your story, but short enough to skim in a single sitting, Smith-Proulx says. The key is readability and relevance to the job youЂ™re targeting.Ђќ. 10. Don't overuse fancy fonts and colors. While you donЂ™t want to overdo it, you can use color in ralph waldo emerson reliance and other essays, a conservative manner to make your resume visually differentiated from the sea of documents the recruiter will review, Rangel says. For example, a subtle navy blue border can be very effective. These effects can draw the recruiterЂ™s eye to the document and make it stand out against the many black and character analysis essay handout, white documents theyЂ™ve received, she says.

But know that using color on your resume is emerson self reliance essays, more acceptable and appropriate in some industries than others. Caregivers. 11. Make it longer than one page if it needs to ralph waldo emerson essays be. What Good Thesis For Steve Jobs. Use the emerson, appropriate amount of space for your experience. ЂњIf youЂ™ve been in the workforce for 15-plus years, do not feel forced to trim information about your achievements to essay poster contest keep to self reliance and other essays an arbitrary one-page resume rule,Ђќ Rangel says. Use what you need to, but do not make it unnecessarily long.. 12. Supplement your resume with a cover letter. About half of all HR reps say they won't even read a resume if the candidate hasnЂ™t submitted a cover letter. So, unless the employer explicitly says they donЂ™t want a cover letter, write one. SEE ALSO: Top 9 Resume Mistakes To Avoid. Recommended For You Powered by Sailthru.

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Economic integration in North America – NAFTA Essay. States undergo a lot of ralph emerson reliance and other essays challenges and face dilemma in the current globalization era. Globalization has led to the integration of various world economies and this requires openness to the economy of the world, serving the interests of the nations, and competition for relative advantages at national level as international capitalism demands. The evolution of the global economy in the west in the late 1980s and 1990 aroused the desire for competitive advantage among regional trading blocs in the area of trade, finance, manufacturing and technology and this also led to the birth of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (Ciccantell, 2001). NAFTA was formed in 1994 as part of the economic integrationist revival of the period and it marked a significant shift of the U. S. trade policy (Pastor, 2004). NAFTA incorporates the what good thesis jobs, economies of three countries-the U.

S. , and Canada in the north and Mexico in the south. According to Cavanagh and waldo self and other essays, Anderson (2002) NAFTA is a complex set made up of trade and non-trade bargain issues which advance North America towards closer ties of economy. This essay gathers information from various economic literatures that discuss the NAFTA formation and implementation process. The central idea is the paradox in which a least developed country, Mexico forms a treaty with the world’s most advanced economies in North America. This relationship is of tremendous interest to economic scholars and observers. Circumstances that led to how do plan, the formation of NAFTA in the 1994 are evaluated in this essay as well as factors that almost hindered the implementation of the treaty. The essay further evaluates the benefits that NAFTA has on the participating economies. This will be followed by a discussion of the challenges that the ralph waldo self and other, implementation of the treaty faces. I Write Plan. Possible solutions to emerson essays, overcome the challenges are recommended.

An Economic Integration Perspective. International economics involves the integration of the economic practices of various countries within a global scale. Economists have described various dimensions of international economic integration and these include trade liberalization in how do, goods, direct foreign investment, trade in waldo self reliance essays, services, liberalization of handout capital flows, free labor movement, environmental protection rules, a World Trade Organization’s (WTO) -managed rule-based system for trade in goods and services, and ralph emerson reliance essays, established intellectual property and patent rules (Ciccantell, 2001). Theoretically, countries can meet these dimensions without resorting to ben franklin, a regionalism model. However, in practical sense, countries meet to regionalize more for political than economic reasons as a way of dealing with the globalization challenge (Fox, 2004). Contrary to this, some scholars recommend that market-orientation factors should be the ralph waldo emerson self and other, main drivers of economic integration in the current globalization era (Funk, Elder, Yao Vibhakar, 2006). Although already established, some economists view NAFTA as an on-going process in which the end product is not yet confirmed. The future of regionalization is mostly determined by domestic and regional factors as opposed to globalization although regional and global forces are responsible for driving North America into closer economic ties. Carranza (2002) asserts that the future of NAFTA depends on the policy makers’ deliberate act as this will determine whether NAFTA will resolve into an institutional deficit or develop into a deeper integration. Circumstances that could have hindered the formation of NAFTA.

Mexico, which was to be part of the North American economic integration, had first opposed an allied relationship with the northern colossus because of a negative historical experience (Skonieczny, 2006). How Do A Essay Plan. Mexico had lost almost half of its territory in the 1846 to 1848 Mexican-American war (De la Balze, 2001; Skonieczny, 2006). Secondly, Mexico strived to maintain an independent foreign policy, which sought closer alliances with the South and Central America and the Caribbean (Skonieczny, 2006). According to Carranza (2002), it is still a puzzle as to why Mexico later decided to form an economic partnership with the North America countries from a very weak position. The country also paid a very high domestic political price by waldo emerson reliance, agreeing to join the NAFTA. However, the economic situation in Mexico and the labor market was deteriorating, and the political situation was unstable after a negative eventful election in the 1988 (Philip, 2008). The government also featured corrupt and authoritarian episodes. Inflation was hitting the is a statement, country at a high rate, economic growth was stagnant and living standards were poor.

Additionally, Mexico had a significant amount of national debt that was un-payable. Trade liberalization seemed the most political consequential (Faber, 2007). Ralph Waldo Emerson Self Reliance And Other Essays. On the other and, there was a looming fear in the US that the papers, economic integration would lead to loss of jobs in the US while in the South there were cries for revolution (Pastor, 2004). Nevertheless, Mexico was eager to access the larger U. S. market despite the ralph emerson self reliance, observers’ opinion that the U. S. is character essay unlikely to abide by the trade accord (Castaneda, 2008). U. S. had been known of having a poor record in emerson reliance, international treaties implementation and its previous treatment towards Mexico in character handout, issues like immigration policies left a doubt on Mexico as to whether the ralph emerson essays, country would be left out of the agreement implementation despite their being one (King, 2005). The Central America and Caribbean countries that were allied to Mexico feared that there could be an erosion of the already existing trade preferences if the NAFTA was formed (Baker, 2008). The countries faced the dilemma between free trade in the open regionalism and protectionism. Furthermore critics viewed the formation of NAFTA as a state-led project although the members denounced the classical state intervention mechanisms in is a for steve, bid to soften the globalization effect.

The Founding of waldo emerson self and other NAFTA The formation of contest NAFTA was considered inevitable because of the ralph waldo emerson and other essays, market and trade conditions in the globalization period that necessitated an economic integration (Baker, 2008). However, the formation process was not smooth-sailing because of the various uncertainties that occurred in the wake of analysis essay well developed countries wanting to merge their economies with the less developed ones. This was evident in the negotiation process in which there was asymmetry of ralph self reliance and other both political and essay, economic powers and Mexico lacked a non-agreement alternative. The formation of NAFTA also lacked the accompaniment of ralph waldo emerson reliance essays institutionalization and there lacks a common governance unto which NAFTA can be identified. In Northern America, the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations in the 1990s was progressing slowly and thus this made the regional integration an attractive option (Carranza, 2002). The formation of NAFTA started as a unique regional economic integration process between a less developed country, Mexico in this case; and two industrial powers- the U. S. and Canada (Davidson, 2008).

This was the first economic agreement on a regional basis to include various forms of integration. Some of the integrated economic activities cited in most literatures include foreign investments, financial services, government procurement and intellectual property rights. On the contrary, the Uruguay Round global trade negotiations did not feature all of these revival strategies. What Thesis Jobs. The U. S. presented NAFTA as a trade liberalization model in the western hemisphere in the early 1990s as a way of continental regionalism. On the other hand, the Latin American countries were not ready to embrace this model because of the doubt they had on the U. Self Reliance And Other. S. intention of seeing the agreement through the future. Essays. It was easier for the U. S. to control the agenda if the negotiation was on a regional rather than a multilateral level (Hufbauer Yee, 2003). Waldo Emerson Essays. This would enhance more of the country’s economic, political and contest, institutional perspectives in comparison to waldo emerson, the rest of the world. It was paradoxical that the economically successful U. S wanted a free trade agreement with the less developed Mexico. Carranza (2002) asserts that the U. S agreed to negotiate with Mexico about the free trade on condition that Mexico did not invoke any exclusion of key areas such as the area of oil that is sovereign sensitive.

On the other hand, Mexico did not have any vital concession to base its negotiations in ben franklin essays, the status of ralph self and other essays a developing country. Nevertheless, despite this unequal negotiation ability, Philip (2008) highlights the irony by showing that the process was presented as a negotiation of the equals. NAFTA’s goals, objectives and economic models NAFTA is a trade treaty which aims to eliminate custom duties on transaction between the U. S, Canada and Mexico. NAFTA has formed the world’s largest free trade zone whereby around 406 million people produce more than 11 billion U. S dollars worth of how do i write a essay products (Page, 2002). The agreement which establishes NAFTA entails that the U. S, Canada, and Mexico pursue certain common objectives. Trade in services has been liberalized and government procurement markets including construction and services procurement markets have been opened through the NAFTA. Therefore, through the agreement it is illegal for the parties to ralph, discriminate between the domestic and foreign producers in the government markets, investments and poster contest, trading of services (Adikson, Zimmerman, 2004; Diep, 2008). NAFTA’s objectives therefore include eliminating custom barriers and self reliance and other, enhancing cross-border trade in products and services (Vaughan, 2004). The treaty is also to guarantee conditions of i write a essay plan equitable competition in waldo emerson self, the free trade area.

The treaty strives to improve trilateral cooperation so as to extend the benefits of the agreement. One of the main goals of NAFTA was the aqa gcse past papers, need to increase the flows of trade and investment in North America. Consequently, the agreement has succeeded in increasing Mexico’s and Canada’s trade dependence on ralph emerson reliance and other essays the U. S. NAFTA also incorporated the less developed Mexico, in order to give the country a chance to prosper by joining the essay, North America economies (Flores Lankshear, 2000). NAFTA is a widely researched economic phenomenon that occurs as economists try to understand the three NAFTA’s economies models. The gravity model has been used to explain the ralph waldo emerson reliance essays, trade flows as the contest, function of the importer and ralph emerson self reliance and other essays, exporter market size a well as the distance between the two. Funk, et al. (2006) asserts that any extraordinary flows can be accredited to handout, free trade agreements only after the market size and importer-exporter distances have been accounted for in the trade flow process. Ralph. This has led to some economists showing that NAFTA generally does not have a significant effect on bilateral trade flows although it has the impact on the net trade creating. Benefits of ben franklin essays NAFTA to the US, Mexico and Canada The implementation of NAFTA inspired the economists to measure the treaty’s effect on the three NAFTA economies-U. S, Mexico and Canada (Funk et al. , 2006).

The North America economic integration was seen as one that would be of waldo emerson reliance benefit to the participating countries. Mexico would have a chance to gain access to the larger U. S. market while the U. S. also searched for character handout new foreign investment opportunities in the country (Carranza, 2002). Proponents of self reliance and other essays NAFTA view the plan, agreement as detailed and comprehensive and have constantly given the accord praise for ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other showing that less developed countries like Mexico can accept new rules in international politics in this globalization era and thus improve their situation. On the caregivers, other hand, critics assert that NAFTA lacks basic safeguards to protect the ralph emerson reliance and other essays, people who are excluded from liberalized trade and investment benefits considering that almost over half of the Mexican population lives below the poverty line (Baker, 2008; Serra, Espinosa, 2002). The critics further argue that NAFTA is just a mere element of a larger problem; that is, globalization has a disintegrating effect on i write plan a mixed economy and the people’s social contract.

On a moderate view, critics agree that formation of NAFTA was not a bad idea at all but without regional governance and regional institutions, the agreement remains unfulfilled (Pastor, 2004). Hufbauer and Yee (2003) cites NAFTA as an waldo reliance and other exemplary agreement for a new or an open regionalism that opens a whole range of novel issues which are designed to essay caregivers, prepare the less developed countries of waldo emerson reliance Latin America and Caribbean for the globalization challenge. The issue of plan why the U. S pulled Mexico into the North integration is very controversial although the positivists assert that the ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other, U. S government has a very strong interest in the political and economic stability of Mexico (Skonieczny, 2001). Mexico was able to attract a considerable ratio of foreign direct investment in the 1990s as a result of NAFTA’s negotiations. The predicted economic breakdown of Mexico in the early 1990s never lived to happen as the country underwent economic transformation. Philip (2008) asserts that NAFTA is essay responsible for ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other essays the economic and character analysis, political stability in Mexico. NAFTA has given this chance to Mexico through encouraging trade and investment opportunities.

The social progress of the country is also underway and NAFTA aims to eradicate the high poverty levels in most of Mexico’s dwellings. NAFTA also provided the hope for Mexico to transform its worsening economic condition and urban challenges in the City of Mexico (Stracke, 2003). The Mexican government adopted the policies of democratization and free trade policies amidst controversies with the aim of preventing the country from an economic breakdown. Currently, Mexico could not be as developed as the U. S. and Canada for that matter but looking way back in the 1990s to early 200s, it can be said that the country has become macro-economically stable (Philips, 2008). Mexico is among the richest Latin America countries in terms of per capita and has more than twice export per head as compared to Brazil. Exports of manufactured goods from Mexico to the U. S contribute to around 25 percent of Mexico’s gross domestic product and the market is even more liberalized than it was in the years ago.

Another benefit of self and other essays NAFTA to what is a good thesis jobs, the Mexican economy includes the checking of inflation (Stern, 2007). Although inflation occurs at some instances it does not reach three digits as in the 1990s but securely maintained at single digits. Other areas of the economy that have improved with the economic integration include the education system. The number of Mexicans with degrees from influential world universities has increased and expected to and other essays, rise. The condition in the Mexican universities has also improved as better preparation of essay poster lectures takes place and a fairer democratic environment ensures that there is a stable learning environment. Mexico’s rapturous population growth also slowed down with the ralph emerson self and other, implementation of NAFTA as most of the population started migrating North in search for better living conditions. A slower population growth enhances strategic planning and development of the country. However, as much as the evidence of economic transformation is noticeable in Mexico, the economic growth rate is analysis essay disappointingly low.

Philip (2008) and Stern (2007) states that the measurement of economy is determined by oligopolies and specifically Pemex, the state-owned petroleum company in Mexico’s case. Mexico continues to suffer from ralph reliance essays severe social and urban problems such as high poverty rates, organized crime, drug trafficking, and ben franklin essays, corruption among others (Stern, 2007). Self Essays. As much as these are domestic problems, it is impossible to separate them from Mexico’s membership to NAFTA because domestic institutions also influence the direction of negotiations in the association (Carranza, 2002). Philip (2008) argues that the U. S is also benefiting from poster NAFTA because the treaty has enabled the existence of a politically and economically conducive environment that Mexico now offers as compared to the times before the treaty. Flores and Lankshear (2000) assert that the emerson self and other, developed North America countries in the treaty could benefit from Mexico’s low wage cuts in the labor force.

Mexico large population of semi-skilled workers would provide cheaper and additional papers, abundant labor for the national and transnational companies that seek low wage work. Waldo Reliance And Other. However, Flores Lankshear (2000) argue that this dependence on a low wage economy undermines the development of essays a well educated, Challenges in NAFTA. The major challenges facing the NAFTA involve the lack of regional governance, asymmetry negotiations, lack of a stabilized relationship between the North and South American countries and lack of common market policies and common currency. Forces of market and trade integration pushed the economies of the U. Waldo And Other. S and Mexico together but there was little institutional change that took place to reflect the real degree of aqa gcse papers economic integration among the countries (Adikson, Zimmerman, 2004). Economic integration in the north occurred without an established regional institution or governance. It is believed that it will be difficult for ralph waldo emerson reliance essays the North America decision makers to effectively respond to fluidity, competitiveness, and complexity of the world economy without a form of regional convergence. Character Analysis Essay. Lack of regional governance also indicates a lack of a permanent mechanism for consultation among the three governments (Heron, 2002). This proves difficult especially in cases which the countries have to waldo reliance, deal with other common challenges like drug peddling and immigration and this sometimes push for a bilateral involvement, for instance between the character handout, U. S and Mexico. The lack of common or institutionalized NAFTA governance has led to the in dependent pursuance of other third party treaties by Mexico and ralph self reliance and other essays, Canada (Heron, 2002).

NAFTA also promised to create regional barriers to the outsiders so that the insiders would receive relative gains as far as trade and other economic gains are concerned (Flores Lankshear, 2000). How Do I Write A Essay Plan. However, Cavanagh and Anderson (2002) argue that NAFTA simply assumed that this would take place magically enabling the people to ralph waldo essays, benefit from the free market policies, and that the three governments-U. S. , Canada, and Mexico-would resolve older and newer problems naturally. However, through the condition in Mexico, it is certain that the agreement has not brought much change to the living standards of the individuals. The country’s record is extremely mixed concerning the free trade policy and the country is yet to unanimously agree on the agreement (Carlsen, 2006).

Mexico has not gained the i write plan, privileges that were promised if the country joined the North America relationship. Mexico did not gain a greater place in the Northern-dominated international institutions such as the International Monetary fund (IMF) or the World Bank. Mexico remains poor and less developed despite being part of the self reliance and other essays, supposedly economic rejuvenator-NAFTA. NAFTA’s negotiations did not consider the economic and development asymmetries between Mexico and the U. S and this also contributed to the exclusion of majority of Mexican population from the free trade benefits (Cox, 2008). NAFTA was supposed to give Mexico a chance to prosper through joining the Northern club. However, the moment Mexico decided to start negotiations with the essays, U. S for a free trade agreement, it was found that Mexico still needed to make other sweeping concessions in order to gain access to the U. S market.

Mexico presented an overstaffed and underperforming institutions, an opposite of the North America countries which have the most performing institutions (Flores Lankshear, 2000). Mexico was forced to make the bigger compromises and adjustments because after all, it was the weaker party. This also shows that majority of the decisions were made by the tremendous powers in the agreement-the U. S, and Canada. This can be proved from an economic angle in which the GDP of the U. S alone forms 90 percent of the total North America economy (Carranza, 2004). It is unrealistic that during negotiations, Mexico would be expected to steer the decision-making process into finality.

How does Mexico and Canada establish strategies on how to access the U. S’ over 8 trillion dollar market when all the 2 countries can offer is 250 and 500 billion dollars markets respectively? The Mexican experience has proved that the ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other, Southern countries cannot necessarily experience economic development with social justice through seeking alliances with the how do a essay plan, U. S even in this globalization era. Mexico also undergoes a painful adjustment process because being part of NAFTA; it is ralph waldo essays forced to compete openly with the aqa gcse papers, far more advanced economies of the North America countries (Cavanagh Anderson, 2002). Waldo Reliance. NAFTA if implemented strategically can have a voice in the global trade talks. However, the lack of a common governing in institution hinders this representation because it would appear as though one country or the other is representing its own views rather than that of how do i write a essay NAFTA. Cavanagh and waldo emerson reliance and other essays, Anderson (2002) argue that the failure of NAFTA to meet its alleged expectations can be blamed on the current economic conditions. The marketplace is globalized and thus highly mobile employers gain more power to suppress workers who fight for a fair gain of their benefits. However, this remains unchallenged because such firms ally with governments who in turn are desperate for foreign investment. This leads to what statement, the suppression of the hoist’s nation’s labor force through low wages and poor working conditions. The unfortunate side is that the agency that is ralph waldo emerson and other set up under the labor side agreement of NAFTA has proved incapable of holding governments and corporations accountable for violating the rights of workers (Cavanagh Anderson, 2002).

There have been alleged complaints of worker’s rights violations in all of the three NAFTA economies but other than a bit of public exposure, not much justice has been yielded. Lack of common governance is to blame for the loose policy of how do a essay plan ensuring that all the ralph waldo self reliance and other essays, parties in the agreement benefit positively. There is is a thesis for steve jobs also a looming fear that a future Mexican leadership could decide to pull out of the NAFTA’s agreement because of the country’s inconsistent views on emerson self reliance NAFTA and the lack of institutionalized rules for the agreement. Recommendations NAFTA took place amidst controversies especially from essay caregivers part of Mexico’s population and and other essays, the South and essay contest, Central America countries. Waldo Emerson Self Reliance. Moreover, a supranational institution and an ideal NAFTA identity are lacking.

This poses a danger to the stability of the essay caregivers, economic integration of the North American countries. North America needs to tackle the gaps in the North-South relationships and also increase aggregate wealth. One way of doing this is through enhancing regional governance through the use of ralph reliance and other essays common currency for essays the member states. However Cavanagh and Anderson (2002) assert that the issue of establishing a common currency can lead to further controversies. Waldo Emerson Self And Other. First of all, the U. How Do A Essay Plan. S. and Mexico are not in the same currency zones as compared to the likeability of the U. S. and Canada. This will negatively alienate Mexico further.

Still on the issue of a common currency, Carranza (2002) argues that it is certain that the U. S public opinion would not support a monetary union between U. S. and the two countries. The U. S needs to come to terms with having neighboring countries with difficulties in tackling money integration issues and the de facto dollarization of the economy of Mexico. This should also be accompanied with the building of waldo reliance appropriate institutions that would realistically introduce North America as a community of nations. What Is A For Steve Jobs. The NAFTA countries need to establish a regional governance system that would ensure that all the waldo emerson and other essays, member population is fairly treated without prejudice (Carlsen, 2006).

Social justice should be enhanced within the NAFTA economies and the established policies should fairly uplift the standards of all the countries (Anderson, 2003). Rather than using the large semi-skilled Mexico’s labor force for cheap, low-wage labor, there should be policies or strategies in which NAFTA can contribute to the establishment of better education and vocational training systems (Ma del Rosio, Camen, Humberto, 2007). The criticism directed at the treaty will subside if it is observed that the member states are striving to raise the standards and essays, conditions of one another rather than using each other for selfish gains. Conclusion This essay has comprehensively discussed the factors pertaining to the formation and implementation of NAFTA. The North America economic integration awakened the interest of many economic researchers and observers because of the coming together of powerful North America economies and a southern least developed economy. Although the ralph emerson reliance, reason for such a relationship was met with criticism and i write plan, a lot of controversies, proponents viewed it as an opportunity for Mexico to improve its political, economical and ralph waldo self and other, social environment. The U. S the most developed North America country viewed the relationship as an opportunity to expand its globalization boundaries as well as create a stable economic and political condition for trade in the region. However, critics believe that it is for the best interest of the U. S while Mexico risks the analysis, chance of ralph reliance and other essays being sidelined. Nevertheless, Mexico has recorded an economic transformation and it is believed that if policy makers implement some strategic measures in the treaty, then Mexico stands a greater chance of additional past papers becoming a developed nation.

This has provided the U. S with a stable political and economic environment without which the security of the U. Ralph Waldo. S may have been at stake. NAFTA faces various challenges but the lack of regional governance is seen as the source of most of the challenges. NAFTA lacks international identity in contribution of international trade discussions. Additionally, treaty are known to be created where all the analysis handout, participants have an emerson and other essays almost equal bargaining power even though they will not be dealing with exchange of similar products or services. However, in this case, the negotiations take an asymmetry approach because Mexico is in ben franklin essays, a compromised state in which its position does not allow it to challenge the decisions of the U. S. Ralph Waldo Self Reliance And Other Essays. , the most developed economy. As a result, the negotiations are based, on an unequal level. NAFTA leaders especially from the North need to understand the gap between the north and south populations and provide democratic decisions that will be best appreciated by both sides. Economic integration is significant in this global era in which market and how do, trade forces have pushed for market liberalization conditions. List of References Adikson, R. Ralph Self Reliance And Other. , Zimmerman, L. 2004. “Retail trade on the US Mexico order during the NAFTA implementation era,” Growth Change, vol. 35(1): 77-89.

Anderson, S. 2003. “The equity factor and essay poster contest, free trade,” World Policy Journal, vol. Emerson Self Reliance And Other Essays. 20(3): 45-51. Baker, L. 2008. “Local food networks and maize agrodiversity conservation: Two case studies from Mexico,” Local Environment, vol. Analysis Essay. 13(3): 235-251. Carlsen, L. Ralph Emerson And Other. 2006. “Armoring NAFTA: the battleground for Mexico’s future,” NACLA Report on the Americas, vol. 41(5): 17-22 Carranza, M. 2002. Character. “Neighbors or partners? : NAFTA and the politics of regional economic integration in waldo emerson self reliance and other, North America,” Latin American Politics and Society, 44(2): 141-158. Castaneda, J. 2008. “Morning in Latin America,” Foreign Affairs, 87(5): 126-139 Cavanagh, J. , Anderson, S. 2002. “Happily ever NAFTA,” Foreign Policy (132): Cavanagh, J Anderson, S. How Do I Write Plan. 2002.

Nice theories, sad realities,” Foreign Policy, (132): 62 Ciccantell, P. 2001. “NAFTA and the reconstruction of U. S. hegemony: The raw materials foundations of economic competitiveness,” Canadian Journal of Sociology, vol. 26(1):57-87. Ralph Waldo Reliance Essays. Cox, R. 2008. “Transnational capital, the U. S state and Latin American trade agreements,” Third World Quarterly, vol. 29(8): 1527-1544. How Do I Write A Essay Plan. Davidson, M. 2008. “On the outskirts of form: Cosmopoetics in waldo self essays, the shadow of NAFTA,” Textual Practice. 22(4): 733-756 De la Balze, F. Aqa Gcse Additional Past Papers. 2001. “Finding allies in the back yard,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 80(4): 7-12. Diep, K. Ralph Emerson And Other. 2008. “Wavering amigos,” Harvard International Review, vol. 30(1): 9-10 Faber, B. 2007. “Towards the spatial patterns of sectoral adjustments to trade liberalization: the essay, case of NAFTA in Mexico,” Growth and Change, vol.

38(4): 567-594. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 8 September 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Economic integration in North America – NAFTA.

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