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Ap world history 2006 essay

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Ap world history 2006 essay

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The 10 Best Sites to Post Your Resume Online. There are a lot of ways to get your resume in front of the right people, and your best chance for success is to do everything you can to get yourself out there. One of the easiest actions you can take is to history 2006 essay, distribute your resume on several sites and increase your chances of finding your next opportunity. You could be found by your future employer, or even a recruiter could take an interest in your background and resume leeds, then do the work for ap world you. After reviewing all the leeds arsenal best resume sites, we recommend using ResumeRobin to ap world history essay, distribute your resume because you can get in front of a lot of people without investing too much of your valuable time.

It's also a great value when you factor in how much time it takes to quarterly journal of economic essays, go to every job site. We’ve hand-picked our favorite 10 sites and services to post a resume online to help you find your next opportunity. We’ve included some options that are industry-specific, but only if the sites cater to a wide variety of ap world 2006 applicants. We also took into consideration the number of real inquiries job seekers received because spam can be a problem with some resume posting sites. The Best Places to Post Your Resume Online. Call To Action Argument! ResumeRobin - Massive distribution for history just $25. Try it now! Dice - The place to go for tech jobs. Indeed.com - The biggest job search engine.

LinkedIn - Make sure your profile matches your resume. ZipRecruiter - A major up-and-comer in job search. CareerBuilder - Highly visited job board with full-time opportunities. Monster - Popular job site with all kinds of jobs, including part-time. Facebook - Leverage your friend network as a professional network. Twitter - Employers will look at your account if you have one. Arsenal! University Career Centers - Leverage your education even more. Compared to the other places to post your resume, ResumeRobin.com is probably a lesser known option, but it may be the only website you have to visit. That’s because it’s a resume distribution service, meaning you upload your resume and then let them do all the work. The cost is pretty low when you consider how much time it takes to post your resume on every single website. You’ll have the ap world history 2006 essay option to post within your metro area for $25 (includes up to 150-plus recruiters and belonging creative, job sites), within your state for $55 (includes up to 250-plus recruiters and job sites), or nationwide for $65.

To get started, you just have to upload your resume to the system. From there, ResumeRobin creates an HTML and plain text version. They enter your resume into the daily feed file, which is ap world history 2006 uploaded to resume leeds arsenal, a network of partner websites (including most of the sites mentioned below) via an API and send the resumes to ap world 2006 essay, recruiters via email. Additionally, once your resume is uploaded to the various job sites, ResumeRobin job seekers get preferred treatment so that means your resume will show up at the top of keyword searches used by employers. That’s worth the cost alone if you ask us. When it comes down to it, ResumeRobin is the most job-seeker friendly place to quarterly essays, post your resume online. It might cost you a little in the process, but don’t forget about the value of ap world 2006 your time as well as the visibility boost you’ll receive.

Many people are raving about their experiences with ResumeRobin online. Hsc English Belonging Writing! One person noted that it does take about 48 hours for essay the service to get ramped up, but received an inquiry from a Fortune 500 company just three days later. Another had three job interviews within two weeks after using the service. Questions! While the website looks very basic and generic, don’t judge the book by its cover. The company is apparently worth close to $800 million. If you have a background in tech or you’re looking for essay an IT job, Dice is the quarterly of economic essays place to go.

It’s probably the biggest specialized job board on the Internet. With a growing number of companies looking to hire tech talent, posting your resume on Dice is ap world a great way to get found if you have a tech background. There are also a good number of contract jobs available on Dice. The quality of job seekers on dissertation thanking Dice is pretty high, which is ap world history essay more of a positive than a negative because recruiters and employers are likely to keep coming back to find talent. Of the call to action essay registered users on Dice, 65% have 10 years or more experience and 75% have a bachelor's degree. To post your resume, first create a MyDice account. From there, login and click on the Manage/Add Resumes link within the MyResume section.

Then, you can upload your resume. The next step would be to make your resume searchable. Go back to your account, click on the MyResume button, and select the resume you want recruiters or employers to find. You can upload up to five resumes at a time, so be sure to pick the right one and then click on Make Searchable. History! Keep in mind, you only want to journal of economic, be searchable if you’re actively job seeking and ready to work within 30 days. If you want to post your resume anonymously, edit your profile, go to Search Settings, and click the button next to Confidential.

Now, your contact info will be hidden. Indeed is at the top of our list for places to post your resume online (and search for 2006 essay jobs). Leeds! Indeed.com has traditionally been ranked as the number one external method of history essay hiring for small businesses in the world. In terms of visibility, no other job site gets more action. We also recommend Indeed for job searching because it has the most comprehensive database of any job site. There are more than 200 million people visiting the site every month. Posting your resume on Indeed.com is pretty simple as well. All you have to do is create a free account and then either create your resume from scratch or upload it if you have it saved as a file. Indeed also covers global job seekers, since recruiters and employers can search in many countries. Call To Action Essay! While some say that posting your resume on a job site isn’t worth it, many job seekers have reported success using Indeed.

Alright, so you can post your resume on your LinkedIn account, but we don’t advise that. LinkedIn is a living, breathing resume itself so you should always keep it updated. The reason why posting your resume on LinkedIn doesn’t make a lot of sense is because a resume is 2006 often an adapting document depending on the type of employment you’re seeking. Letters And Resumes! LinkedIn not only history 2006 essay shows your professional expertise and accomplishments -- it also helps tell a more active story about who you are and what you want. Plus, every recruiter uses LinkedIn so make sure your profile is optimized with the titles or words you want to be found for. Use your LinkedIn account in conjunction with your resume and just be sure both are always synced up. Are Cover Letters And Resumes! The last thing you need is inconsistencies in your story.

Some people still want to take advantage of LinkedIn’s resume import feature. If you want your resume living on your LinkedIn profile, you click Profile, select Import Resume, then browse to ap world history 2006, find your file, and upload it. Again, we’d recommend using your LinkedIn profile as your public resume and know that recruiters and dissertation acknowledgement thanking, potential employers will be taking a careful look at it. It’s one of the less familiar names on this list, but ZipRecruiter is history 2006 making some major strides in the industry. Unlike some of the other major long-standing job boards, ZipRecruiter promises no spam or banners, which results in a more pleasant experience for job seekers. You can post your resume online by creating a free account as well as a job alert.

From there, you’ll get job alerts via email, your resume will be searchable, and you’ll be matched to jobs that are hiring now. ZipRecruiter has a resume database that is easily searchable for recruiters and employers. All they have to do is search specific skills or keywords as well as a location. Just be sure to optimize your profile and quarterly journal, resume according to 2006 essay, what you’d like to be searched for quarterly of economic essays so that you increase your visibility to prospective employers. One cool feature about ZipRecruiter is 2006 essay that you can see how many people have looked at your resume, in addition to call to action, other data. The mobile app also has very positive reviews so you can expect a seamless transition if you’re using ZipRecruiter on ap world history 2006 essay the go. Are Stronger Than Words! Compared to the other major online job boards, CareerBuilder has more candidates that have college degrees and ap world history essay, also leans more towards full-time employment opportunities. CareerBuilder costs more to post a job on than the other industry giants, but it weeds out more unqualified applicants for employers. CareerBuilder has rolled out essays, some exciting features in the past year for job seekers who post their resume online. 2006! They now provide insights that show how many times your resume has been opened in the past week and what companies are looking at you.

Regardless if you think you’ll get hired using CareerBuilder, just having those insights along is valuable and probably worth posting your resume. All you have to do to call to action essay, get started on CareerBuilder is sign up, add your desired job title, and then upload your resume. From there, you’ll have the option to display your resume and contact info or hide it. Obviously, if you want to be found, you should choose to display your resume and contact info (and you’ll get the benefit of the insights into ap world history 2006 who is call essay looking at essay your resume). Beyond the ability to post your resume online to their massive database, Monster.com also has tons of useful career resources. There’s also a premium resume service that sends your resume to influential recruiters so that you’re seen by more employers and the right ones. It costs $68 as a one-time fee, but it might be worth the extra push to stand out above the are cover letters rest. Monster is no stranger to resume posting, as the company was the first job search site online and history, also had the first resume database in the world. To post your resume, create an account and sign up manually or use one of the social account sign in journal, options.

As part of creating your account, you’ll have to fill out some personal information and then choose a file to essay, upload your resume. From there, you have the option to choose if you want to be searchable or not. Are Cover! If you’re posting your resume, you likely want to be found by ap world history essay a recruiter or employer, so we’d recommend choosing the searchable option. Call To Action Essay! You can always hide it after if you want to. Ap World Essay! Taking it a step further, you can submit your resume for free to be evaluated by a resume expert who can offer you some tips, but it will likely lead to trying to get you to pay for a service. Acknowledgement God! Lastly, just be sure to spend the time to fill out your profile so you that it’s visible and you’ll match with the right search terms to increase your chances of being found. More recruiters and employers are turning to other methods to find candidates.

One out of 2006 six job seekers says social media is the reason for landing their current job. Remember, many opportunities come through relationship building and networking. Quarterly Of Economic! A lot of that happens on social media. Let’s look at Facebook first and history, then Twitter next. While LinkedIn clearly leads the charge online (if you consider it social media), Facebook is number two, according to recruiters (25% of actions are stronger than recruiters have hired through Facebook). In order to be taken seriously, you must tailor your Facebook page around your work versus your personal life.

You don’t have to cut out the ap world 2006 essay personal stuff completely as it will show you’re a real person. Make sure you have a professional profile picture and applicable cover photo. You’ll also want to resume arsenal, include all of history your work and education information. You can also include links to call essay, your personal website and other social media accounts (if relevant). We’d suggest staying clear of expressing religious and political views. Ap World Essay! There’s something intriguing about a candidate being able to actions are stronger than essay, sell themselves in 2006 essay, 140 characters or less. While it’s not a huge number, 15% of recruiters have hired someone through Twitter. Resume Leeds Arsenal! Given the limitations, it’s impossible to post your resume on Twitter, but this is ap world history 2006 more about leveraging Twitter by linking to your resume or marketing yourself with tweets.

You can get yourself under the 140-character limit by letters and resumes using a URL shortener if you’re posting your resume in a Tweet. Hey, who knows, maybe it’s worth blasting the company you want work for by mentioning them in your Tweet. Ap World History 2006 Essay! You can also create hashtags with keywords that recruiters might search for so you can be easily found. Leveraging Twitter to post your resume online and get in front of are cover letters and resumes more people is a no-brainer for ap world history someone who is unemployed or actively seeking work. Hsc English! A great resource (especially for recent grads) is to utilize the career center from your college to post your resume online. To be clear, university career centers are for all alumni -- not just recent grads and current students. Many employers browse career centers of specific colleges because they’ve had success with talent from a handful of universities.

As an example, one company we spoke with that employs over 3,000 people specifically looks for 2006 analyst positions from one university. It’s hard to dissertation, imagine other companies don’t do the same thing. Having your resume on your university career center can also open up opportunities for the university itself to promote you. Several alumni associations have groups on LinkedIn and Facebook. Many also offer resume writing help, cover letter writing help, and interview assistance. Ap World History 2006 Essay! At the end of the day, the dissertation god success rate might still depend on 2006 essay the reputation of leeds your university and the type of employers coming to the university career center website to find candidates.

If your skills and career trajectory match those employers, you’re probably going to get a lot better result than someone who doesn’t. CareerCloud is at the forefront of social and ap world 2006, mobile in the job search and actions are stronger words, recruitment process. We are a career media company that publishes articles and avice for history 2006 essay today's job seeker.

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Ap world history 2006 dbq essay meaning - Features of Essay Prompts

Heroes: What They Do Why We Need Them. Human connections are a fickle and funny thing. Throughout our lifetimes we may pass by thousands of people without giving a second thought to who they are or where they’re going. Yet one simple interaction can completely alter the course of someone’s life. We only have to pay attention. Chen Si of ap world history, Nanjing, China is an ordinary man of thanking, simple means. In 2003, he was barely able to make a living selling vegetables in a downtown market. It was then he began his daily walk down the Nanjing Yangtze River bridge, the most popular site for suicides on ap world record. China has more deaths by suicide than any other country in the world, at over 280,000 a year — twice the rate of the United States.

The first day in 2003 he saved a man’s life after grabbing him from the of economic essays, railing and ap world history 2006 essay, tackling him to the ground. After that event, Si took it upon himself to serve as guardian angel to those who wished to end their lives on the bridge. He built a small house next to are cover and resumes, the entrance to the bridge, where he has lived alone for ap world 2006, the past 11 years. Each year Si saves an estimated 144 people. Throughout his service, he has seen people with problems of all kinds, but all are plagued by the same inescapable pain and actions essay, hopelessness. According to Si, “I know they are tired of living here. 2006 Essay? They have had difficulties. They have no one to help them.” But Chen Si’s heroism goes beyond the physical act of saving one’s life.

He provides salvation. He gives hope and direction where there is none. Actions Than Essay? One story he remembers is of a woman whose abusive husband left her and her 3-month old child with nothing. She had no education, no job, and no means of caring for the child. Ap World History 2006 Essay? She hoped that her death would require her husband to take care of argument essay, her baby. After convincing her to leave the bridge with him, Si tracked him down and brought his wife and child with him. After the husband spit in his face, Si responded, “I am her brother now. Ap World 2006 Essay? If you ever hurt her again, I am not going to let you get away with it.” The couple left, and Chen hasn’t heard from them again.

There have been countless others. The billionaire who lost everything. The student who couldn’t handle failure. The dreamer who bet it all and lost in leeds, the big city. Si has talked to all of them. Ap World History Essay? And while he cannot alter the circumstances that bring them to hsc english creative questions, that point, he feels it is his responsibility to history essay, try and put them on a better path. “I always have to tell them there is nothing I can’t solve,” Chen said. “It’s a lie. Yet I have to dissertation acknowledgement thanking, keep on ap world history telling the lie, to make them think things will get better.” Chen Si teaches us that those at their lowest point in life, those who are so lost that they feel that they will never find their way again, are in the most need of our help. Many of the people on that bridge did not want Chen Si’s kind words and what letters and resumes, strong hands to pull them back from the essay, edge — they pushed him away and yelled in essays, his face, content to accept their fate, and did not believe they were worthy of help and ap world history 2006 essay, compassion. It is journal of economic essays, easy to be a hero where there is a hole to ap world history, fill, where people actively look for someone to protect and care for dissertation acknowledgement, them and 2006 essay, give their love in return. Chen Si’s true heroism lies in his ability to look for those who do not advertise their struggle.

Those who have given up hope that a hero will ever appear. Many of us in dissertation god, a similar situation would wonder how to address such a problem of this magnitude, how to save people who have no desire to be saved. To Chen Si, there is no choice or considerations to make. “There is history 2006 essay, a saying in China,” he says, “the prosperity of god, a nation is everyone’s responsibility. How can we all avoid this responsibility?” Kathryn Lynch is an 2006 essay, undergraduate enrolled in journal, Scott Allison’s Heroes and Villains First-Year Seminar at the University of ap world history essay, Richmond.

She composed this essay as part of her course requirement. Leeds Arsenal? Kathryn and her classmates are contributing authors to the forthcoming book, Heroes of Richmond, Virginia: Four Centuries of Courage, Dignity, and Virtue. The Heroism of Daryl Davis, Collector of Robes. To those who took part in the social revolution of nearly half a century ago, the 21st century was expected to be a time of Utopian ideals. Instead, the history, world has entered a Dark Age of actions are stronger than words essay, growing extremism, in which hate-mongering and race-baiting have replaced efforts to promote positive change. Instead of leaving the world a better place than they found it, the ap world 2006 essay, aging architects of that revolution have had to quarterly, watch their accomplishments undermined and ap world 2006, eroded. This has led to creative writing questions, an atmosphere of despair.

Many wonder how we can come back from a culture war in ap world 2006 essay, which every day brings escalated rhetoric and the threat of increasing violence. The answer, of course, is the same as it has always been. The only of economic essays, way to win a war of ideas is to win the hearts and minds of the people. And the only way to truly win hearts and minds is to be right. For several decades now, a man named Daryl Davis has been doing just that, in a manner that is as unlikely as it is 2006, courageous. Davis, who holds a bachelor’s degree in music and who has performed with artists such as Chuck Berry and Jerry Lee Lewis (to say nothing of his own band), is a Black man who was a child during the Civil Rights Era. He experienced firsthand the actions than words essay, harsh reality of that struggle when he became the ap world 2006, first Black member of a local Cub Scout troop in Massachusetts. But his innate intellectual curiosity combined with his benevolent disposition to form a most unique reaction to the problem of racism. It was in 1983 that Davis met a member of the Ku Klux Klan for the first time, in a bar in Maryland where Davis was performing.

This proved to call argument essay, be an educational experience for both men. For the Klansman, because he had never known a Black man before and so was suddenly seeing one as a human being. And for Davis because he finally found the answer to the question of how someone could hate him without knowing him — it was because they didn’t know him. The friendship that resulted from this encounter not only turned this Klansman away from the history essay, Klan, but showed Daryl Davis his path forward. Over the course of the years that followed, demonstrating patience and tolerance that can only be described as superhuman, Davis met many more Klansmen, by arranging introductions, setting up interviews, and arsenal, even getting himself invited to Klan meetings. He believed that most racists hold their beliefs because of ap world essay, misconceptions instilled in them in their childhoods, and that it is resume arsenal, difficult to maintain these prejudices when confronted with an actual person who belies them. In short, he believed that the cure for ignorance is education, that the cure for suspicion is kindness, and that the cure for hatred is friendship. Ap World Essay? In this, he has been proven correct many times over. Davis is currently in possession of more than two dozen KKK robes, given to call to action, him by former Klansman who have abandoned their ideology, disarmed by the mere existence of this good-natured peacemaker.

Among those who have foresworn White supremacy in favor of a Black friend is Roger Kelly, former Imperial Wizard of the Maryland KKK. Ap World History 2006? Kelly later invited Davis to hsc english belonging creative writing questions, be his daughter’s godfather. Unbelievably, or perhaps not given the current political climate, Davis has been on the receiving end of criticism from some who self-identify as Progressives, including some members of Black Lives Matter and the NAACP. He has been called an Uncle Tom, and worse, and his achievements have been minimized and trivialized. After all, say his detractors, what difference does it make that in thirty years one man has softened only a smattering of history, hearts, has changed only a handful of minds? But what if everyone was like Daryl Davis? Rick Hutchins was born in Boston, MA, and has been an avid admirer of heroism since the groovy 60s. In his quest to live up to the heroic ideal of helping people, he has worked in the health care field for the past twenty-five years, in various capacities. He is also the author of Large In Time, a collection of poetry, The RH Factor, a collection of short stories, and is the creator of Trunkards. Links to galleries of his art, photography and what, animation can be found on http://www.RJDiogenes.com.

Hutchins is a regular contributor to this blog. History 2006? Two of his published essays, on call to action astronaut and scientist Mae Jemison and the Fantastic Four’s Reed Richards, can be found in our book Heroic Leadership. General George Custer and Why Movies are Important. Movies aren’t history. That goes almost without saying. Very different skills are needed between recording something for posterity and bringing a rousing tale to the screen. And as such what is shown to an audience should always be taken with a grain of salt. History? Facts can be altered for the cause of entertainment. Events can change, sometimes beyond recognition, for the sake of the dissertation, plot. However, movies should not be dismissed completely out of ap world essay, hand.

For while they are not an accurate recording of history they are in fact preserved moments in time. What film and television record are how people (the writers and the audience they were made for) perceived the world around them. What made the hero? What made the villain? A good example of the intersection of fact and fiction is the life of General George Armstrong Custer.

The Custer of history, the man of flesh and blood, is best known for the worst day of his life: the what and resumes, Battle of Little Big Horn when the 7 th Cavalry met the united tribes of Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne. Custer and his regiment would not survive but odd, at times nearly unrecognizable, doppelgangers would be born from that moment of time. Ap World? Doppelgangers that continue to exist to this day. The first of letters, those fictional creations actually occurred within a few short years after the battle, though not yet on film. “Buffalo” Bill Cody incorporated the 2006 essay, event in creative writing, his wild west show, that for a while even starred Custer’s lifetime nemesis, Chief Sitting Bull. Ap World 2006? The show portrayed what would become the familiar tale of Custer: the noble warrior valiantly fighting a hopeless battle against impossible odds. It wasn’t long before the story told before a live audience found its way to the burgeoning medium of film. Than Essay? Custer the hero would make his way into 2006 films like The Santa Fe Trail (1940), They Died With Their Boots On (1941) , 7 th Cavalry (1956) , and much later in TV series like Cheyenne (Season 4 episodes “Gold, Glory, and Custer”). The man standing on the hill, surrounded by enemies and betrayed by allies, making his last stand. It would become the version of Custer that most people would become familiar with, whether they agreed with it or not. Yet oddly this wouldn’t be the only doppelganger to come to life in the realm of the screen.

The first embryonic version of actions essay, a less noble Custer came in the form of Lieutenant Colonel Owen Thursday in the 1948 film Fort Apache. Ap World History? While not actually playing Custer, actor Henry Fonda portrays a character whose overconfidence and arrogance eventually leads his command into resume a massacre very much like that of ap world history 2006 essay, Little Big Horn. But the full iteration of what letters, this new Custer would come in later films like Little Big Man (1970), The French/Italian farce Don’t Touch the White Woman! (1974), the alternately-historical The Court Martial of George Armstrong Custer (1977), and A Night at the Museum: Battle for the Smithsonian (2009). Custer was now a bumbling fool at best or a murderously insane madman at worst. The nadir of ap world 2006, this version of Custer came in the 1990s TV series Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman where Custer was a brutal sadist who was a threat to what, friend and enemy alike. Custer the Hero still exists but now he has to essay, share space with Custer the Villain and Custer the Buffoon. Yet these doppelgangers — the noble hero and the bumbling killer — actually say more about us, the writers and dissertation thanking god, the audience, than the real man. In the time since Little Big Horn society has changed. Attitudes towards Native Americans, tastes in entertainment, and ap world history essay, the tendency to deconstruct heroes rather than build them all conspire to change how we view historical figures.

It’s no longer popular to portray a General of an aggressive, expanding power — as the United States was in the 1800s — as a heroic figure (and even that sentence alone could likely cause heated debate). And this is why movies and television are important when it comes to understanding heroes. They are our collective unconscious where our dreams and fears are given form. Our concepts of morality and nobility are played out. Frozen moments, like insects trapped in are cover and resumes, amber, that tell us what the world was like when they were made. 2006 Essay? They tell us what was important to those making them whether we agree with them or not.

Modern sensibilities cannot alter them. Films and television may be suppressed, “re-imagined”, or edited but something of the are cover and resumes, tales will remain. We may not always like what we see in ap world 2006 essay, these shadows on screen but it is important that we see them for what they are and actions essay, learn from them. And maybe be aware of what we’re leaving behind, for today’s on-screen heroes can become tomorrow’s villains. The author, Jesse Schultz, is looking forward to history 2006, seeing the fictionalized versions of his life. By Rick Hutchins and Scott T. Allison. If you love heroes and desire to live in a more heroic society, there is no better time to be alive than right now. Dissertation Acknowledgement? There is a clear and growing “heroism movement” brewing around the world, manifesting itself in hero conferences, hero activism, and history essay, hero research.

Underlying each component of the heroism movement is the idea that we can all be heroes, that heroism is quarterly journal of economic essays, not reserved for the few, the special, the elite among us, but rather is within close reach of us all. Close reach, however, does not mean easy reach. This brings us to the concept of the ap world 2006 essay, “Almost Hero”. The Almost Hero is the person perched on the precipice of heroism, the individual who has heroic capability but doesn’t know it or who attempts to be heroic but just falls short. In this essay, we consider three types of Almost Heroes. First, there is the Almost hero who succumbs to the “bystander effect”, a phenomenon thrust into public consciousness after Kitty Genovese was murdered in 1964. For every instance of a heroic passerby coming to the aid of a person in peril, there is a corresponding tale of those who stand idly by and witness a crime or assault without intervening. It’s the classic case of the road not taken. In one timeline, a person is saved and a hero is made, while in the other there is tragedy for one and a missed opportunity for the other.

What factors decide which outcome prevails? Science has an answer. Studies have shown that people fail to help because they “diffuse responsibility”, which is one’s tendency to assume that other people should do the hard work of of economic, heroism instead of oneself. heroism word on ap world keyboard butto. Of course, Almost Heroism of this type does not apply to those who do not have the option of taking action; one cannot expect the elderly or the disabled to rush into a burning building or dive into a rushing river, nor even expect the average person to engage an overwhelming or armed assailant. Here we are strictly concerned with those who could have acted but for one reason or another failed to dissertation thanking, do so. The bystander effect is a striking example of Almost Heroes choosing not to act when action is needed to save lives. But what about Almost Heroes who do act but whose actions fall short? What are we to make of them? This brings us to the second type of Almost Hero, the individual who rushes into a burning building to save someone but is overcome with smoke and essay, must return to fresh air before successfully reaching the victim. Actions Are Stronger Than Essay? Or the Almost Hero who attempts CPR on ap world an unbreathing heart attack victim but cannot revive the person.

Why should these failed attempts at heroism preclude them from call to action argument essay achieving the status of hero? These attempts are usually referred to as “heroic efforts” or “heroic measures,” acknowledging the ap world essay, intent and the struggle to journal, avert disaster, even if the ap world 2006, attempt falls short of success. In this case, the Almost Hero may be judged either generously or harshly by public opinion, depending on the particular circumstances surrounding the event, but the most unforgiving critic of a failed heroic attempt is almost invariably the Almost Hero himself. But there is a third category of Almost Hero more tragic than either apathy or failure: What of what are cover and resumes, those who sacrifice their own lives in their vain attempt to help another? Shortsighted people may condemn such people as foolhardy, but most of history 2006 essay, us know better. There is no nobler act than dying in resume leeds, the act of serving others, regardless of the ultimate outcome. Yet because we live in a society that worships at essay the altar of the final outcome, this third type of Almost Hero is the most overlooked hero. Behavior speaks volumes.

If someone puts herself in are cover letters, harm’s way to help others, she is ap world history 2006, a hero regardless of the outcome. We conclude with two caveats. First, we should note that Zeno Franco, a renowned heroism scientist, has discussed the idea of words, “heroic failure”, which does NOT refer to ap world history 2006, the idea of a failed heroic attempt but rather to the idea of hsc english belonging, a failure to 2006 essay, even try. Franco writes, “By heroic failure what is meant is not that someone tried to be heroic and failed in the process, but rather that a leader’s heroic imagination failed, thus not allowing her to see the unfolding crisis events as requiring a heroic response.” It is incumbent upon all of us to avoid heroic failure, to remain vigilant for journal of economic essays, opportunities to help others. Second, we emphasize the benefits of helping others for both the history 2006, helper and the recipient of helping. Dissertation? It really is a win-win situation.

Obviously, the ap world history 2006, recipient stands much to gain; his or her life may be saved. But what good does helping do the helper? Researchers have found that we benefit ourselves when we perform acts of kindness. Doing a good deed increases levels of oxytocin, a “cardioprotective” hormone that lowers blood pressure, decreases depression, and slows the aging process. Helping others has also been shown to increase optimism, moods, and relationship satisfaction. So there you have it. Do not settle for Almost Heroism. Settle for to action, nothing less than Full Throttle Heroism that not only benefits the helper and the helpee, but also benefits our entire society. Research has shown that kindness is contagious.

We are inspired by tales of heroism, and your act of heroic kindness will produce a ripple effect that can forever alter the heroic mindset of generations to come. Franco, Z. Ap World History 2006 Essay? E. Creative Questions? (2017). Heroism in Times of Crisis: Understanding Leadership During Extreme Events. In S. T. Allison, G. R. Ap World 2006? Goethals, R. M. Kramer (Eds.), Handbook of heroism and heroic leadership . New York: Routledge. This essay represents the first collaboration between Rick Hutchins and Scott Allison. Rick has worked in the health care field for the past twenty-five years, in various capacities. He is also the author of Large In Time, a collection of what letters and resumes, poetry, The RH Factor, a collection of short stories, and history 2006 essay, is the creator of letters, Trunkards. Links to galleries of ap world, his art, photography and animation can be found on http://www.RJDiogenes.com. Heroes of Richmond: Four Centuries of Courage, Dignity, and Virtue.

It has been hailed as a gorgeous river city blessed with abundant resources. It has also been called the city of “contradictions” and “crises” (Campbell, 2012), a city with a “complicated history” replete with “struggles and wounds” (Ayers, 2012; Schwartz, 2012). Richmond, Virginia, has been a magnet for heroism and villainy, a place where the best and resume leeds, worst of human nature have collided over several centuries. This volume, Heroes of Richmond: Four Centuries of Courage, Dignity, and ap world 2006 essay, Virtue , represents an attempt to capture the complex heroic history of a complex city. Authored by a group of outstanding students at the University of Richmond, this book provides coverage of Richmond’s heroes from the first European settlements in call to action, the early 1600s to the present day.

The book offers a review of heroism in Richmond across a wide variety of domains. The authors provide an analysis of social activists John Mitchell, Jr. , and Oliver Hill ; groundbreaking educators such as Maggie Walker , Virginia Randolph , and May Keller ; political greats such as Patrick Henry , John Marshall , Douglas Wilder , and ap world essay, Mary Sue Terry ; selfless heroes such as Mary Elizabeth Browser , E. To Action? Claiborne Robins , Lora Robins , and several unsung citizens ; and iconic legends such as Pocahontas , William Byrd II , Edgar Allan Poe , and ap world 2006 essay, Arthur Ashe . “Superb scholarship about a stunning city of heroes.” – Dr. Leeds? James K. Beggan, Professor of Sociology, University of Louisville. Edited by Scott T. Allison. Mary Kelly Tate, University of Richmond. Richmond, Virginia: A Cultural and Historical Nexus of Heroism. Scott T. Allison, University of ap world history essay, Richmond.

Chapter 1. Acknowledgement God? The Founding of Richmond: William Byrd II’s Heroic Odyssey. Jonathan Anthony Ohlmann, University of Richmond. Chapter 2. Essay? Pocahontas: The Unknown, Underestimated Hero of Central Virginia. Meghan N. Dillon, University of Richmond. Chapter 3. The Tell-Tale Hero: Edgar Allan Poe. Michael David Bonifonte, University of Richmond. Chapter 4. Arthur Ashe: A Hero On and Off the Court. Carlie Q. Blessing, University of Richmond.

Chapter 5. John Mitchell Jr: The Hero of Richmond Journalism and Social Change. Josh A. Actions Are Stronger Than Words Essay? Trauberman, University of Richmond. Chapter 6. Waging War on Separate vs. Ap World 2006 Essay? Equal: Oliver Hill’s Journey From Small Town to the Highest Court. Kathryn K. Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing? Lynch, University of Richmond. Chapter 7. Maggie Lena Walker: The Hero of the history 2006 essay, Harlem of the South. Brendan J. Griswold, University of Richmond. Chapter 8. Virginia E. Randolph: A Hero of African American Schooling in Virginia. Declan J. Horrigan, University of Richmond. Chapter 9. God? May Lansfield Keller: The Hero Who Defied All Odds. Aliya J Sultan, University of Richmond.

Chapter 10. Patrick Henry: The Revolutionary Hero. Bailey A. History 2006 Essay? Gillespy, University of Richmond. Chapter 11. John Marshall: The Supreme Hero of call, Justice. Emmalyn G. Dressel, University of Richmond. Chapter 12. Lawrence Douglas Wilder: The Black Pioneer. Janell M. Spigner, University of Richmond. Chapter 13. Mary Sue Terry: The Hero Who Defied the history 2006, Double Bind.

Thomas J. Than? Villani, University of ap world history 2006, Richmond. Chapter 14. Mary Elizabeth Bowser: The Game-Changing Hero. Morgan E. Call Argument? Caron, University of Richmond. Chapter 15. E. Claiborne and Lora Robins: The Convergence of Two Selfless Heroes. Lauren J. Weingarten, University of Richmond. Chapter 16.

Unsung Heroes of history essay, Richmond: The Extraordinary Feats of Elizabeth Van Lew, Gilbert Hunt, and Sally Tompkins. Mikaela R. Rosen, University of actions are stronger than words, Richmond. Campbell, B. (2012). Richmond’s unhealed history . Richmond: Brandylane Publishers. Griggs, W. S. 2006? (2012). Hidden history of Richmond . Charleston, SC: The History Press. Williams, D. Resume? (2015). Spending two perfect days in Richmond, Virginia . http://www.forbes.com/sites/forbestravelguide/2015/04/08/spending-two-perfect-days-in-richmond-virginia/#7b19496066af. By Scott T. Allison and ap world history essay, George R. Goethals. In our Mother’s Day blog, we noted our research finding that people listed their mothers as heroes more often than any other person. Fathers were a close second.

Why are parents viewed as so heroic? Developmental psychologists tell us that the call to action essay, relationship we have with our parents is the first significant relationship of ap world history 2006, our lives. It is a relationship that indelibly shapes our values, our aspirations, and our future behavior. Thus when we experience successes in our careers and in our personal lives, it is not surprising that we attribute those triumphs, at least in part, to our parents. The origin of Father’s Day is not entirely clear, but there are several fascinating possibilities. Babylonian scholars have discovered a message carved in call essay, clay by a young man named Elmesu roughly 4,000 years ago. In the message, Elmesu wishes his father good health and a long life. Some believe this ancient message represents evidence of an established tradition of ap world history, honoring fathers, but there is little evidence to support a specially designated Father’s Day until modern times. There is some debate about the origin of the Father’s Day that we celebrate today.

Some claim that a West Virginian named Grace Golden Clayton deserves the essay, credit. In 1907, Clayton was grieving the loss of her own father when a tragic mine explosion in history 2006 essay, Monongah killed 361 men, 250 of whom were fathers. Clayton requested that her church establish a day to honor these lost fathers and to help the children of the affected families heal emotionally. The date she suggested was July 8 th , the anniversary of thanking, her own father’s death. Still others believe that the ap world history 2006, first Father’s Day was held on are stronger than June 19, 1910 through the efforts of Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Washington. Inspired by the newly recognized Mother’s Day, Dodd felt strongly that fatherhood needed recognition as well.Her own father, William Smart, was a Civil War veteran who was left to raise his family alone when his wife died giving birth to their sixth child. Dodd was the only daughter, and ap world history 2006, she helped her father raise her younger brothers, including her new infant brother Marshall. Whereas Mother’s Day was met with instant enthusiasm, Father’s Day was initially met with scorn and derision. Few people believed that fathers wanted, or needed, any acknowledgement.

It wasn’t until 1972 that President Richard Nixon made Father’s Day an writing, official holiday. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Today the resume leeds arsenal, holiday is widely celebrated in ap world history, the month of June by quarterly of economic essays more than 52 countries. Why are fathers heroes? The respondents in our survey listed two main reasons. First, fathers are given credit for history 2006, being great teachers and mentors. They teach us how to fix a flat tire, shoot a basketball, and write a resume.

Fathers are less emotional than mothers, but they lead by example and devote time demonstrating life skills to us. Former governor of New York, Mario Cuomo, once said, “I talk and are cover, talk and talk, and I haven’t taught people in 50 years what my father taught by example in one week.” Second, fathers are great providers and protectors. Our respondents told us that their fathers were heroes in their commitment to provide for their families, often at great sacrifice. Many fathers work at two or more jobs outside the home to ensure that their families have adequate food and shelter. Fathers also provide us with a sense of safety and protection. Sigmund Freud once wrote, “I cannot think of any need in history 2006, childhood as strong as the need for words essay, a father’s protection.” On this Father’s Day, we wish all fathers, and all men who serve as father figures, all the kudos they so richly deserve. Happy Father’s Day! Do you have a hero that you would like us to profile?

Please send your suggestions to history, Scott T. Allison ([email protected]) or to George R. Goethals ([email protected]). 500,000 VISITORS TO THIS BLOG (1) Activist Heroes (24) Artist Heroes (9) Celebrity Heroes (30) Commentary and Analysis (37) Fictional Heroes (16) Legendary Heroes (24) Our 1st Book — HEROES (1) Our 2nd Book — HEROIC LEADERSHIP (1) Our latest books on HEROIC LEADERS (10) Political Heroes (19) Science Heroes (15) Spiritual Heroes (11) Sports Heroes (20) Superheroes (9) Unsung Heroes (41) War Heroes (20) Copyright © 2017 Heroic Leadership. All rights reserved. Actions Are Stronger Essay? No portions of this blog may be reprinted without permission of the authors.

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Retail Resume: Sample and Complete Guide [+20 Examples] You're about to get a job in retail. One where you rub elbows with fun people. Spark off them. One with great perks like full health benefits. Ap World History. Or a concierge service for doing oil changes while you work.

You want that retail job. But between you and it, like CeCe Drake in Pretty Little Liars , stands a wall of retail resumes 300 high. How will you get past that wall? You'll do it with a resume for are cover, retail that makes you stand out history like a jumbotron. A retail resume example that gets attention. How to to action argument, write a basic retail resume. The best format for a retail clerk resume. The best way to write skills and keywords on a resume for retail.

Here's a sample resume for retail made using our resume builder. Want to ap world history, save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder. Are Stronger Essay. It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you'll get tips and ap world history essay right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. Of Economic Essays. See +20 resume templates and ap world history create your resume here. What's the Best Format for a Retail Resume? Picture a retail manager. Her name's Megan, and she's hiring. She's sitting in journal her office, wading through a sea of retail resumes.

Nice potted philodendron. One thing that makes it easier? Errors. Typos, poor formatting, spelling mistakes, and bad grammar. She gets to ap world history 2006 essay, toss all those resumes in the rejects pile. Make it to the next level by hsc english belonging writing questions choosing the best format for a retail resume.

Pick a trusted layout like the history, reverse-chronological format. Leeds Arsenal. It puts your best accomplishments up front. That's important, because Megan spends just six seconds looking at 2006 each resume. Use clear, legible fonts, big headings, and call to action essay white space to give Megan's eyes a rest. Finally, save your retail clerk resume as a PDF. PDFs don't change from history essay one computer to the next . Pro Tip: Check the job posting to see if PDF retail resumes are prohibited. God. Some Applicant Tracking Systems have a hard time with PDF resumes. How to Write a Resume Summary or Resume Objective. How can you get the hiring manager to spend more than a few seconds looking at history 2006 essay your retail resume?

You can do it with a top notch resume summary or resume objective. A resume summary is for anyone with shelves full of belonging creative writing experience. A resume objective works for applicants that need restocking. See, most resumes say the same thing: I've got people skills. I'm experienced. Hire me. Instead, wake that manager. Shake her.

Use specifics. Add details that engage her interest fast . See the luxury retail resume examples below: Enthusiastic retail clerk with 3+ years experience. Seeking to boost REI KPIs through proven skills in ap world 2006 essay sales and customer loyalty. Maintained 93% positive customer reviews and 21% above average repeat customer scores. Run own YouTube product knowledge channel with 1,500 views a month. Retail clerk with 3 years experience, seeking retail job.

Skilled in sales, customer loyalty, and product knowledge. See the letters, difference? The first retail resume sample shows you are a skilled surgeon behind that register. The second seats you on a throne of lies. Now. What if you don't have that kind of experience? In that case, write an objective statement for your retail associate resume. Two Entry Level Retail Resume Objective Examples. Do you lack experience? Does your basic retail resume look like an empty shelf?

We'll fix that, starting with a resume objective statement. Objective statements work for entry-level retail workers, or anybody seeking a new niche. Hard-working retail associate, skilled in POS tech and inventory management. Ap World 2006 Essay. Seeking to increase sales and resume leeds arsenal customer loyalty at ap world history essay Chiller Outfitters. Built volunteer retail experience at Goodwill as cashier and journal essays restocker, receiving management commendation for excellent customer communication. Entry-level retail associate with BA from Williams College. Seeking real world experience in retail.

No experience yet but I'm very energetic. That second retail clothing resume example makes you look like a standee. The first one gets the hiring manager's attention. Why? Because it shows you can do retail duties, even though you haven't had a real-world retail job yet. Pro Tip: A couple days of ap world volunteer experience looks great on a resume. See the next section for tips on how to get it. How to Describe Your Retail Experience. Is experience important on a retail resume? Only if you want the best retail jobs. You know.

The ones with flex scheduling, onsite medical, and deep discounts for employees. To get those jobs, write a retail clerk resume that wakes up the hiring manager like a date with Elf. Tailor your experience to the job description. If you do, you'll stop being generic cornflakes and turn into actions are stronger words essay the HR manager's best friend. List your most recent job near the ap world, top of your retail resume. Add 4-6 bullet points that show accomplishments. How to resume leeds, Describe a Retail Job on 2006 essay a Resume. Fulfilled all retail clerk duties in a high-end sales outlet.

Handled customer-service including POS, sales, and inventory management. Maintained high-level product knowledge. Received 95% positive marks for conveying product features and benefits, as reported in customer surveys. Call To Action Argument Essay. Built customer loyalty through fostering stronger relationships. Ap World History. Retained average repeat-customer scores 21% higher than other associates. Acknowledgement Thanking. Used expert level communications skills to zero in on history essay true customer needs. Overall 93% positive ratings from customers in post-sales surveys.

Retail clerk at high-end sales outlet. Handled all day-to-day customer service retail duties. Ran POS system. Conducted daily sales. Big difference, right? With that first example, you could get a job selling magic wands at Ollivander's. But what about a retail associate resume with no experience ? How to Write a Retail Resume with no Experience. Here are two tips to stuff an empty resume like a Black Friday circular. First: Troll your past non-retail jobs to dig up hidden retail gems. Second: volunteer or take a temporary retail job. But I need money now.

I don't have time to what are cover and resumes, volunteer. You don't have to spend months, or even a full week. Just a day or two will do. Hey, presto! Instant retail resume experience.

Two Retail Resume Samples (No Experience) July 2017 - August 2017. Served as retail associate in thriving Goodwill outlet. Managed all retail duties, including cashier work, restocking, and customer communication. Ap World. Assisted with sorting and inventorying donations. Leeds. Improved efficiency of donations processing by history essay 55% over other current associates.

Maintained zero errors with the POS system. Commended by management for call to action essay, excellent customer communication. Ran cashier position. Cashed out register daily. Interacted with over 200 customers per day. Self-Employed College Student. Interacted with several customers per weekend. Frequently upsold customers to ap world, hedge trimming and leaf raking. Retail Experience: None yet, but I'm a very fast learner.

Other Experience: Waited tables, mowed lawns. Poof. Thanking God. That first retail resume sample could get you behind the register in the gift shop at ap world 2006 essay Asgard. Yet it wasn't hard to build. You already had retail experience from questions previous jobs even if you had little to no store experience. And you did that volunteer gig in a few days' time. Pro Tip: Retail clerk and retail associate are two keywords managers search for. Use the one that's listed in the job description in your resume. Now that you know how to put experience on a retail salesman resume, pep it up with action words. Need some? See our guide: +80 Examples of Resume Action Words for Every Profession Is Your Education Section Cashing Out?

It Might Be. The best thing about 2006 essay a career in retail? No one cares about your education. Right? If you have one, use it to make your already good retail resume shine.

It doesn't really matter if it's high school or college. The real gold's in the details. Pursued a passion for sociology coursework. Excelled in four years of Spanish classes. Placed secon d in actions words the W.S.C. Public Speaking Contest. As different as Sears and Sephora, right? The first sample shows actual useful retail training. But it wasn't any harder to make. Need an example to follow?

Use the sample retail resume at the top of ap world 2006 essay this article. Pro Tip: Don't have a college degree? Find accomplishments from high school that prove you have the skills shown in the job description. How to belonging, Put Skills on a Resume for a Retail Employee. Remember our hiring manager, Megan? She's looking for skills on ap world every retail resume she reads. But not just any skills.

How can you know what skills to put on a resume for retail? First, search the god, job description. Then, find more skills in other job offers online. Finally, use our list of retail skills below. Pro Tip: Try to ap world 2006 essay, find out what POS system the hiring store uses. Some POS systems, like Shopify, post free online tutorials . In half an hour of journal online viewing, you can add some nice flair to history 2006 essay, your retail resume. The Real Secret to Putting Retail Skills on a Resume. Ready for resume leeds arsenal, the real magic? Don't just list your skills. Prove them in your experience and education sections.

Let's take a sample retail resume job description. It values management skills , building customer loyalty , and increasing sales figures . Fulfilled daily retail manager duties , including scheduling, inventory management, problem solving, and ap world history 2006 essay taking disciplinary action. Words Essay. Increased sales figures by history 2006 75% over than words essay previous manager through better application of ap world corporate devised promotions. Built customer loyalty through better deployment of customer rewards programs through all retail clerks. Increased repeat business 23%. Bam.

With a professional retail resume like that, you could get a job running The Magic Box from acknowledgement god Buffy the Vampire Slayer . Pro Tip: Once you've proven your skills in your experience section, do it in your education section too. Even listing a passion for ap world history 2006 essay, public speaking classes counts. How to Add Other Sections for argument essay, an Effective Resume. Imagine you're a retail resume. You're in a pile of history 2006 300+ others, just like you. The only belonging questions way to do that is by looking different. One great way is other sections. You know: hobbies, interests, activities, and history volunteer work. Things that aren't work experience, education, or skills. But there's a special way to do it. You don't want to add generic info.

That's like using camouflage when you want neon. Retail Resume Sample Other Sections. Basic First Aid CPR RiseUp Retail Industry Fundamentals Certification. Review products in own YouTube Channel. Get 1,500 views/month. Avid listener, The Advanced Selling Podcast. Regular reader of books about sales.

Organized a charity snowboard event for the local animal shelter. Resume Leeds Arsenal. (2016) Help out ap world 2006 essay once a month at the Summerville Food Pantry. Avid whitewater kayaker. Write and hsc english creative writing publish short fiction stories. Poof. You just went from history 2006 essay mannequin to manager material. Pro Tip: Are special retail certifications worth it?

Don't agonize if you don't have one. That said, a certification proves you take retail seriously enough to put in argument extra effort. Here's the ap world history essay, Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. Ready? Here it comes: Nobody reads cover letters anymore. The truth is dissertation thanking god 40% of hiring managers still consider cover letters mandatory. In other words, you need to history, write one for each and every retail resume you send. Don't be frightened. Retail cover letters are short and easy.

The best cover letters for retail jobs call the are stronger words, hiring manager by name. They say one detail you like about the history 2006 essay, company. They say two details about you that will help the company. (Pick the best wins from your retail resume.) They close with a call to action, like, I'd love to talk more with you about of economic essays your needs. Pro Tip: After you send in your retail associate resume and cover letter, follow up!

A well-timed thank-you email can remind the hiring manager to take another look at your resume. How to ap world 2006 essay, Add Contact Info to call, Your Resume. Do you really need help adding contact info to a basic retail resume? You already know to add your: Full Name Updated Phone Number Professional Email Address. Karen Welihan, [email protected] - 857-869-2379. Use a professional email address. No [email protected] Then, think about Megan, our hiring manager. Essay. Let's say she likes your perfect retail resume for sales assistants.

She wants to know more about you. Give her a way. Quarterly. Add your LinkedIn profile, Twitter handle, or other online hangouts. Pro Tip: Is your Facebook profile clean enough for ap world 2006 essay, a hiring manager to see? Do some spring cleaning, with our guide to of economic essays, cleaning up your online presence . A Sample Retail Resume Job Description. Here's a sample job description for a retail resume. Why am I showing you this? Because I want you to think, as you read it, What are the keywords I'll hit in my resume? How will I tailor my own skills and accomplishments to ap world history, fit?

As a Shindlee's Retail Clerk, you'll bring magic to our customers. Shindlee's sales clerks provide outstanding customer service, exceed sales goals, and share superior product knowledge with customers. Properly use proprietary POS system technology. Determine customer needs based on effective communication. Build and communicate expert knowledge of hsc english belonging creative questions store products. Meet daily sales goals.

Pro Tip: To save time, build a couple bare bones retail resume templates you can tweak to fit each job description. The up-front work will pay off big. Want more tips to fit your retail management resume to the job like a custom-crafted sales pitch? See our guide: 6 Tips on How to Tailor Your Resume to a Job Description (Examples) Even with example retail resumes, making your own tailored version isn't easy. Start with the retail job description. Highlight all the 2006, skills and duties in it. This is a must for retail manager resumes and retail sales associate resumes alike. Prove you can walk the talk by salting those skills throughout your retail sales resumes. Put them in are stronger than essay your experience and education sections. Add other sections to your retail resume, like hobbies and ap world interests.

Other sections make you stand out dissertation acknowledgement thanking like a clerk from the Emerald City's Wash Brush Up Co. Got questions or tips about 2006 how to hsc english questions, make a great retail resume? Give us a shout in the comments section! Tom Gerencer is a founder and former owner of ap world MediaNortheast Video Production and Training Without Boredom. Of Economic. A full-time writer in the fields of personal finance and career advice, Tom lives in ap world 2006 West Virginia with his wife Kathy, two children and a couple of ornery dogs.

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A FREE Sample Home Bakery Business Plan Template. Ap World History Essay. Are you about starting a bakery Business from and resumes, home (bread, dessert cupcake)? If YES, here is a complete sample bakery business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a bakery. History Essay. We also took it further by are cover letters and resumes analyzing and history 2006 essay, drafting a sample bakery marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for bakery businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Executive Summary Market Analysis SWOT Analysis Financial Projection Marketing Plan Marketing ideas Strategies. How In-demand after are Baked Foods ? They come in succulent and actions than, fluffy styles, some taste sweeter than others, some folks even like it burnt, brown or white, and some also have fillings- this could be caramel, strawberry, peanut butter and history essay, all what not. What could this be, you wonder?

Well, it is baked foods. We all love to have a bite of some baked meals; be it pastries, cakes, cupcakes and what have you. Leeds. Would it be okay then to history essay say that baked stuff is in what are cover and resumes, high demand? Without a shadow of 2006 essay, doubt, indeed, baked foods are always in journal of economic essays, high demand. This is no wonder that those who have stayed long in the trade can authoritatively boast of making millions in a month or less. Bakery business is one business that one that doesn’t have an inkling about how to bake, can go get trained, practice, start a business and within a short space of time get good returns on ap world investment. Dissertation God. How important is the Business Plan? However, truth is that getting trained on the art isn’t all that is required to history 2006 break even. If after you may have gotten the right training and letters and resumes, have sought to history get started in business, there is one very important hurdle that needs to be scaled. This is one very vital hurdle that helps your business stay focused and accountable, whilst you watch it grow to the very plateau of success.

If you asked those who have thriving businesses that have grown into hsc english conglomerates how they have been able to stay afloat and focused amidst of the huge success they have attained over the years, chances are that they would say the key is following the plans you have drawn up on your business model and not derailing from it. Use an Existing Business Plan Model to Craft Yours. Ap World 2006 Essay. Looking through an already completed business plan might appear too technical, as you may need to pay thorough attention to understanding all that is being said there. Creative Writing Questions. And truth is that drawing up a business plan can sure like look a herculean task. However, did you know that you could actually draw up your very own business plan without the services of a consultant to help you write one? Well, truth is that you can do that and history, achieve nearly same result as you would if you were to leeds hire an expert. Here is what you need to do; it is good a thing that the ap world emergence of the internet has caused that ample knowledge can be found and gained online. It is for this reason that you can consider browsing the arsenal internet to ap world history get a business plan template.

You will need to get one that is similar to of economic essays your business so that you can be able to relate with it as it applies to your own trade. Good news is that you have already been saved the stress of searching the internet further. Here is ap world 2006 a sample bakery business plan that can readily come in handy as you plan to thanking god write yours. A FREE Sample Home Bakery Business Plan Template. The bakery industry has come a long way, and will continue to evolve with countless of bakers bringing creativity into the industry. Ap World 2006 Essay. The Baked foods production has been in existence for tens of centuries. In the true sense of the word, it has been around for over two thousand years. If per chance there is a doubt about journal of economic essays, this; then perhaps there would be a need to ap world history essay take a look at the bible era.

One of the predominant meals that was widely talked about in the bible was the bread. So, it wouldn’t be wrong to say that those of old have been able to successfully pass the art from one generation to another generation. The Romans who generally like baked foods are actually the people who improvised and developed the journal of economic baking of foods commercially – bakeries. In nearly all their occasions; ranging from mere feasts to weddings, they are known to always celebrate with baked foods. Ap World History 2006. As such, they may be accorded the are cover letters praise of being the ones who introduced bakery as an occupation and they achieved this around 300 BC. After this significant milestone was achieved, the drastic appeal for baked goods increased throughout Europe and expanded into the eastern parts of Asia. At that point, bakers started baking breads and goods from their kitchens and history, thereafter took to the streets to have them sold out. Essays. Selling of baked foods became the trend and history 2006 essay, before too long, baked products were getting hawked in streets of Rome, Germany, London and Paris et al. Actions Are Stronger Than. Over time, bakeries no longer had to rely solely on retailing their baked breads and snacks in the streets, in the open market or via home deliveries, but could now move ahead to open their bakery stores for ap world history essay, customers to come in and order for quarterly journal essays, their freshly baked bread and other foods. History has it that Paris in history 2006, France happens to be the first city in the world to argument have started open air bakery.

Bread and all flour based foods are generally consumed by almost everybody in our planet; as such, anyone who chooses to ap world 2006 establish a bakery in argument, any part of the world is sure going to ap world history get good returns on his or her investment, as long as they are doing the right things when it comes to running a business. To Action Essay. Aside from bread which seems to be the face of the ap world history 2006 essay bakery industry, cake is also one of the products of the bakery commerce that is creative writing doing pretty well in the market all over the world. Yes, people eat bread and other flour made snacks on a daily basis, but you would quite agree that cake making is history essay also one of the are cover letters and resumes major money spinners for bakers. Although not all bakers are specialized in cake making, but those who are into the art, alongside bread and ap world, other snacks, are the ones who seem to be maximizing the bakery industry. The fact that people order for cakes during their special events like birthday parties, wedding ceremonies, wedding anniversaries, and argument, other memorable occasions, makes the bakery business a high – in – demand business. Bakery Business Plan – MARKET ANALYSIS.

When it comes to breads, cakes, and snacks etc., everyone may want to quite agree that the market trend changes with rapid astonishment. 2006 Essay. This is why we invested time to actions than essay create a sample bakery marketing plan template. Bakers are seriously researching and history essay, creating flavors and varieties that will keep them afloat in the bakery business. Any baker who wants to remain relevant in the scheme of things in the industry must be willing to explore the ‘bakery world’; he or she must be able to come up with a product that tastes unique from what is readily available in call argument, the present market. In view of the above stated fact, we have hired the best of hands available in ap world history essay, Florida to work with us in becoming a pacesetter when it comes to exploring and producing products with tastes that can meet the journal of economic essays demand of the markets that is available to us in the cities where our bakeries are located. Part of the marketing and sales strategies that we will adopt include but not limited to ap world history 2006 essay the following; Open our bakery with a bang – big party Neighborhood, door to door and god, mouth to ear mode of advertisement to introduce our business Engage in road shows ( make some open air noise) to introduce our business Create same products in different sizes, with different prices and perhaps a little lower that the prices of similar products in the market Start a TV show in line with our business goal and objectives Sponsor relevant events, such as bakery competitions and wedding shows on TV et al. We are quite aware that the target market for bakery products cut across people of all walks of life.

Since everybody needs food to survive; we are prepared to meet the needs of ap world essay, as much people as we can, within the various locations our bakeries will be located. It is dissertation acknowledgement god indeed difficult to create a list of the people we intend selling our bakery products to. because everybody needs what we have to offer except for our trainings and ap world history, consultancy services. Here are just a few of the people / places that we intend selling our products and services to: Families (Homes) Schools (boarding house and campus et al) Groceries Stores Shopping Malls Wedding Ceremonies Event Planners Sport Centers Corporate Organizations Aspiring Entrepreneurs (Those who want to learn baking) Housewives. What Letters And Resumes. Our Competitive Advantage. There is hardly any city in the United States and perhaps in other parts of the world where there isn’t at least one bakery. People eat bread, cakes and snacks in ap world history essay, all parts of the world and belonging creative writing, as such loads of people are already running their bakery businesses. History Essay. We are not ignorant of the fact that there are standard bakeries in Orlando, Florida, but that will not deter us from forging ahead to set – up our own bakery company. Top Taste Confectionaries has couple of factors that is counting as a positive for us; our competitive advantage in the market place. One of our competitive advantage is that we are one of the few bakery companies that is not only involved in the sale of breads, cakes and snacks but also operate a government accredited bakery school where professional bakers are hatched and sent forth to start their own bakery business or manage their homes properly. The fact that we offer consultancy services in line with what we do, gives us an edge over leeds, other bakery companies in the United States of America.

We are of the view that if we are able to get it right from the outset, it will likely take us less time than projected for us to be amongst the top 5 bakery company in the whole of the United States of ap world history 2006, America. Bakery Business Plan – SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. We are quite aware that the are cover and resumes market for breads, cakes and ap world essay, snacks is on the increase and won’t plummet anytime soon, and we are also aware that loads of entrepreneurs in Florida are into the sale of resume leeds, almost all the 2006 products that we have on our stable, save for the consultancy services that we render and the bakery institute that we operates. In view of that, we have been able to work out plans that will help us win a large percentage of the available market in the cities where our bakeries located. For the reason of the business goals that we have set for ourselves at Top Taste Confectionaries, we will continue to explore and improvise, so that we will remain relevant in the market place.In nut a shell, we will explore the following marketing and sales strategies to promote our bakery business; Direct Marketing Via Our Sponsored TV Programs and Community Based Events Erect Our Billboards in Strategic locations around the city Sales Reps Online Marketing (via our official website, social media platforms and blog et al) Referral Marketing Promotion of our products during our training sessions in our Bakery Institute. Our Pricing Strategy. Part of our strategy for entering the market is to leverage on quarterly journal essays pricing in 2006 essay, gaining a good percentage of the available market. The fact that we are going to be selling our products a little bit below the market price does not in any way mean that we will compromise our quality and quantity. As a matter of fact, we have perfected strategies to ensure that we are shoulders higher than our competitors in terms of what are cover, quality and ap world history, quantity.

The prices of our products will be the hsc english belonging writing questions cheapest anybody can get in the whole of ap world history 2006 essay, Orlando, Florida and the cities where we intend establishing our bakeries. Our payment policy is all inclusive, because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that will be available in every of our outlets; Payment by are stronger words cash Payment via Point of 2006, Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (preferably for those that will order our products and would want us to deliver it to them, those who want to attend our bakery institute training, as well as for payment for our consultancy services) Payment via check (preferably for those who will order our products and would want us to deliver it to them, those that want to what letters attend our bakery institute training, as well as for payment for our consultancy services) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans without any hitches. Bakery Business Plan – Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Bakery business especially products like breads and confectionaries might not necessarily need huge budget for publicity and advertisement. As a matter of fact if you the packaging of your bakery products are cool and the quality and quantity is in order, you wouldn’t struggle to essay sell your products.

Aside from our consultancy services and bakery institute, we don’t intend to spend huge amount for publicity and advertisement. We have perfected plans to maximize the recourse we have, to get the result (sales) that we require to make profits and expand the business. Here are the platforms we intend making use of to promote and advertise our business; Place adverts on both print and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and essay, social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , Badoo, et al Install our Bill Boards on ap world history essay strategic locations Engage in road shows from quarterly of economic, time to time Distribute our fliers and handbills to history 2006 essay targeted areas from time to creative writing time. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Top Taste Confectionaries. We don’t have the intention of ap world history 2006 essay, bringing business partners outside the call to action family to invest in the business, which is ap world history essay why we have restricted raising our startup capital to; Generate part of the start – up capital from quarterly, personal Source for history 2006, soft loans from family members and friends Apply for loan from the actions words essay bank. N.B: We have been able to generate about $150,000 and we are at the final stage of obtaining a loan of $100,000 from our bank.

All the papers and document have been signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. Bakery Business Plan – Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. We don’t have the plans to invest hugely in our bakery business and watch the ap world history 2006 essay business fold up or struggle to make progress. We have perfected our strategies on sustainability and resume arsenal, expansion. Part of what we will do to stay relevant in the bakery business is to strive to history 2006 essay maintain or increase of quality and quantity, to run bakery trainings and also offer consultancy services.

We have perfected plans to triple our sales every year and we also have plans to and resumes open different outlets of our bakery in different locations in Florida and other key cities in the United States of America. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Renting of Facility and Construction of the Bakery: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from 2006, family members and friends: Completed Applications for Loan: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of resume leeds arsenal, Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of history 2006 essay, c employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, electronic appliances and bakery equipment: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and of economic, Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement: In Progress Opening party / launching party: In Progress Compilation of our list of products and detailed recipe: Completed Arrangement for trainers and training facility: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors – suppliers of all our needed raw materials: In Progress Purchase of delivery vans: Completed.

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RESUME BUKU : “DI BAWAH CENGKERAMAN ASING” KARYA : WAWAN TUNGGUL AMETUNG. Untuk mendownload file, silakan klik link berikut ini : DARI BANGUN HINGGA TIDUR, DIKUASAI ASING. Pernahkan anda menyadari, dari bangun tidur, beraktifitas, hingga tidur lagi, semua yang berkaitan dengan kegiatan kita sehari-hari telah dikuasai bangsa asing? Tengok saja mulai dari minum aqua, teh, susu, mandi dengan sabun dan sikat gigi, makan nasi, buah, lalu berangkat kerja naik mobil, bus, motor atau bajaj, kemudian ingin berbelanja di supermarket, mengambil uang atau menabung di bank swasta, sampai dengan membangun rumah dengan semen, semua sudah dikuasai atau bermerk perusahaan asing. Jika disebutkan satu-persatu, maka ketergantungan kita dengan perusahaan asing bakal panjang dan memalukan. 2006 Essay? Realitanya, bangsa kita sebenarnya telah dijajah bangsa asing. Actions Than Essay? Kalau dulu sebatas Belanda dan Jepang, sekarang ini beragam bangsa asing mencengkeram negeri kita. Ap World? Derasnya investasi asing dan peralihan kepemilikan lokal menjadi milik asing malah mendapat berbagai alasan pembelaan dari para pengamat dan pejabat pemerintah Indonesia yang pro quarterly journal of economic essays, bangsa asing. Persoalannya, kita tidak menolak perdagangan global dan investasi asing.

Yang menjadi persoalan adalah bagaimana perusahaan asing begitu dahsyatnya menguasai pasar di Indonesia sementara kita hanya menjadi penonton di negeri sendiri. Pengusaha lokal membangun usaha, ketika sudah maju lalu sahamnya dijual ke perusahaan asing, sehingga mereka mendapat fresh money yang besar. Ap World History 2006? Dengan penjualan tersebut, mereka tak mempedulikan nasionalisme, yang penting bagaimana cari untung. Letters? Celakanya, cara berpikir para pengusaha lokal tersebut diadopsi mentah-mentah oleh para birokrat, para pengelola negeri ini. Jadi, kalau sekarang ini perusahaan asing bisa merajalela dan begitu menguasai lahan-lahan di Indonesia, besar kemungkinan ada unsur kesengajaan dari pihak kita. Essay? Dan hal ini patut dipertanyakan. Quarterly Journal Essays? Bukankah dengan membiarkan perusahaan asing menguasai lahan-lahan di Indonesia sama saja kita menyerahkan diri di bawah cengkeraman atau dijajah bangsa asing, dan kita semakin tidak punya harga diri, serta keberanian. Kondisi merajalelanya perusahaan asing menguasai lahan-lahan di Indonesia sengaja diciptakan oleh bangsa kita sendiri lantaran para pengelola negeri ini telah terjangkit mental korup, mental suap. Ap World? Kondisi ketidakmampuan terhadap pihak asing diakibatkan oleh lemahnya hukum, karena nyatanya undang-undang atau perangkat peraturan lainnya dapat dibuat sesuai pesanan pihak asing.

Pengakuan John Perkins dalam bukunya Confessions of an and resumes Economic Hit Man semakin membuka mata kita sekaligus membuktikan bahwa pihak asing ternyata ikut mempengaruhi kebijakan pemerintah kita. 2006? Perkins menjelaskan bahwa dirinya berperan sebagai agen perusak ekonomi yang beroperasi di Indonesia untuk menjadikan ekonomi Indonesia tergantung dan dikuasai asing, dengan berkedok sebagai konsultan pemerintah. Quarterly Journal Essays? Bahkan dijelaskan ada konspirasi yang melibatkan lembaga-lembaga internasional yang selama ini kita percayai untuk membantu kita keluar dari krisis ekonomi. Bicara soal serbuan investasi asing di Indonesia tidak semata-mata karena hitung-hitungan ekonomis dan kebutuhan turut serta dalam trend pasar global tetapi ada agenda tersembunyi yaitu pihak asing sangat ingin menguasai pasar dan mengeruk sumber ekonomi kita. Ap World History Essay? Karena bagaimanapun juga, negeri dengan 220 juta penduduk beserta limpahan hasil buminya ini merupakan jarahan yang potensial dan menarik untuk dikuasai. Dampak dari cengkeraman asing di bidang ekonomi ternyata berimbas pada budaya kita. Call Argument Essay? Nilai-nilai barat telah merasupi dalam segala kehidupan untuk sekedar mendapat label modern. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Tidak saja dari gaya hidup, tapi juga perilaku, bahkan hingga penggunaan bahasa. Than Essay? Tidak berlebihan jika kita dikatakan “ bangsa tanpa identitas ”. Menyedihkan, memang! Ketika di berbagai Negara di dunia berupaya mempertahankan mati-matian bahasa ibu mereka dari serbuan bahasa inggris, di Indonesia malah sebaliknya.

Kita telah membiarkan terlalu jauh pengaruh bahasa inggris masuk ke segala kehidupan sehari-hari, baik dalam perkataan (meskipun salah), tingkah laku, sampai dalam dunia bisnis, dan pendidikan. History 2006 Essay? Sehingga bangsa kita semakin terperosok tidak memiliki identitas. Are Cover Letters And Resumes? Hal inipun dibiarkan terus menerus oleh pemerintah maupun lembaga negara seperti DPR. Di era sekarang ini, paradigma berpikir kita dibuat terbolak-balik bahwa barangsiapa tidak menguasai tidak menguasai bahasa inggris akan terbelakang dan kampungan.Futurolog John Nasbitt dalam bukunya Global Paradox mengatakan, “Ketika bahasa inggris menjadi bahasa kedua semua orang, bahasa pertama, bahasa ibu mereka, menjadi lebih penting dan dipertahankan dengan lebih giat”. History 2006 Essay? Akan tetapi orang Indonesia justru kebalikannya. Dissertation Acknowledgement Thanking? Orang Indonesia malah mati-matian membela sok keinggris-inggrisan. Bahwa bahasa inggris menjadi bahasa universal dan bahasa internasional, tidak diragukan lagi. Ap World? Akan tetapi, ketika bahasa inggris sudah merasuk terlalu jauh mempengaruhi bahasa negara mereka, maka pemerintah (bukan di Indonesia!) pun berusaha mati-matian untuk melindungi bahasa mereka sendiri. Ketika presiden Soeharto baru saja naik tahta, melalui konferensi di Jenewa, November 1967 untuk mendapat utangan atau pinjaman guna modal pembangunan negerinya, kekayaan alam Indonesia harus dibagi-bagikan kepada perusahaan transnasional raksasa, dan dengan harga murah pula. Freeport mendapat bukit di Timika, Papua untuk mengeksplorasi tembaga.

Alcoa mendapat bauksit, sekelompok konsorsium Eropa mendapat nikel di Papua Barat, sekelompok perusahaan Amerika, Jepang, dan Prancis giliran mendapat pengelolaan hutan-hutan tropis di Sumatera, Kalimantan dan Papua Barat. Kekuatan Asing Pengaruhi Kebijakan Politik dan Hukum. Tulisan Lisa Pease dalam artikelnya “JFK, Indonesia, CIA and arsenal Freeport” di majalah Probe (1996), yang juga tersimpan dalam National Archieve, Washington DC, semestinya dapat membukakan mata kita, bahwa begitu dahsyatnya kekuatan raksasa bisnis asing mempengaruhi kebijakan politik dan hukum di Indonesia yang notabene sebagai negara yang berdaulat. Lisa Pease dalam artikelnya mengisahkan bagaimana riwayat Freeport Sulphur yang sempat hancur lebur gara-gara peralihan pemerintahan di Cuba, tahun 1959. History Essay? Freeport terkena imbas nasionalisasi perusahaan asing di Cuba oleh Fidel Castro. Agustus 1959 Direktur Freeport Sulphur, Forbes Wilson bertemu dengan Jan van Gruisen, Direktur Pelaksana East Borneo Company, perusahaan pertambangan Belanda. To Action Argument? Wilson tertarik cerita Gruisen mengenai Gunung Erstberg (Gunung Tembaga) di Irian Barat. 2006? Wilson pun menjelajah kawasan Gunung Erstberg selama beberapa bulan. Leeds Arsenal? Pada 1 Februari 1960, Freeport Sulphur dan East Borneo Company menjalin kerjasama untuk mengeksplorasi biji tembaga di Gunung Erstberg. 2006 Essay? Wilson mengkalkulasi bahwa dengan kekayaan biji tembaga yang ada di Gunung Erstberg, maka hanya dalam tempo 3 tahun saja investasi itu sudah breake event point alias balik modal.

Ketika proyek pertambangan akan dimulai, hubungan Indonesia-Belanda memasuki masa genting bahkan mendekati perang. Actions Are Stronger Than? Dengan desakan Amerika akhirnya Belanda terpaksa mengalah dan mundur dari Irian Barat. Ap World? Dampak dari situasi tersebut, kontrak kerjasama Freeport dengan Belanda akhirnya mentah. What Are Cover Letters And Resumes? Berbagai cara dicoba oleh Freeport untuk menuntut kontrak mereka namun semua gagal, bahkan presiden Kennedy cenderung memihak pemerintah Indonesia. Ap World 2006 Essay? Semua berubah bagi Freeport setelah Presiden Kennedy tewas tertembak, 22 November 1963. Mulai Mengobok-obok Indonesia. Salah satu direktur Freeport yang paling bahagia atas perubahan situasi pasca tewasnya Presiden Kennedy adalah Augustus C. Resume Arsenal? “Gus” Long. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Long inilah pemain utama upaya Freeport mengeruk kekayaan alam di Indonesia.

Long pernah pernah menjadi ketua dewan direktur Texaco, sehingga Long mempunyai dua kepentingan di Indonesia. Dissertation Acknowledgement? Selain dengan Freeport, Long juga menghadapi masalah dengan kebijakan kontrak perminyakan Indonesia tahun 1961. Ap World History? Dimana Presiden Soekarno memutuskan 60 persen keuntungan kontrak minyak diserahkan ke Indonesia. Agustus 1965, Long diangkat sebagai anggota dewan penasehat intelijen Presiden AS untuk masalah luar negeri. Acknowledgement Thanking God? Badan inilah yang sangat berpengaruh dalam menyetujui atau menyarankan operasi rahasia di Negara-negara tertentu, termasuk operasi rahasia yang menamatkan kekuasaan Presiden Soekarno dengan meletusnya G-30-S.

Tak ayal lagi, keberhasilan menggulingkan Presiden Soekarno dengan peristiwa G-30-S sebagai pemicunya (yang akhirnya berimbas kepada keuntungan bagi Freeport) adalah didalangi oleh CIA. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Hal ini terbukti dan terungkap dari pengakuan seorang mantan pejabat CIA, Ralph McGehee, yang mengungkapkan bahwa tipu muslihat CIA untuk mengadu domba telah diterapkan di Indonesia. Creative? Kesaksian McGehee ini makin diperkuat oleh pernyataan Nixon, ketika diwawancarai Duta Besar Green di tahun 1967. Ketika UU No. Ap World 2006? 1/1967 tentang Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) disahkan tahun 1967, perusahaan asing yang pertama kali kontraknya ditandatangani Soeharto adalah Freeport. Dissertation Acknowledgement? Perusahaan ini sangat canggih bermain di segala lini. History? Di bawah komando Augustus C. Call To Action Argument Essay? Long, yang dekat dengan pusat kekuasaan di Gedung Putih, tidak hanya Freeport yang mujur, tapi juga Texaco dan perusahaan minyak lainnya. Tahun 1980, Freeport bergabung dengan McMoRan (perusahaan eksplorasi dan pengembangan minyak) yang dinahkodai “Jim Bob” Moffett. Ap World Essay? Freeport McMoRan sangat cepat menapak menjadi raksasa dunia, dengan keuntungan diperkirakan lebih dari 1,5 milyar dolar AS/tahun. Seorang eksekutif Freeport, George A. Of Economic Essays? Mealey dalam bukunya Grasberg menyebut saat ini Freeport McMoRan merupakan tambang tembaga dengan deposit ketiga terbesar di dunia.

Sedang untuk emas menempati yang pertama. Ap World History? Disebutkan, tersimpan cadangan tembaga sebesar 40,3 milyar pond dan emas 52,1 milyar pon di area Gunung Grasberg. Dengan kekayaan Gunung Grasberg (Tembagapura), pemerintah Indonesia masih mengemis-ngemis mencari pinjaman kesana-kemari. Call Essay? Padahal, cadangan emas dan tembaga yang dapat membayar seluruh utang Indonesia malah diserahkan kepada pihak asing. Untuk melindungi dan mengamankan investasi bangsa asing, pemerintah Presiden Soeharto pun menerbitkan UU No. Essay? 1 tahun 1967 tentang Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA). Words Essay? Dan sejak saat itu, bahkan boleh jadi sampai hari ini, kendali ekonomi Indonesia telah berada di tangan bangsa asing, dari mulai IGGI sampai IMF. Saat ini bangsa Indonesia, disadari atau pun tidak, sedang mengalami penjajahan gaya baru.

Bangsa asing melalui perusahaan-perusahaan multinasional masuk dengan segala cara untuk dapat melakukan eksploitasi kekayaan Indonesia. Essay? Selain melalui sistem politik, mereka juga masuk melalui sistem ekonomi. Melalui mekanisme FDI (Foreign Direct Investment), yaitu investasi langsung luar negeri dimana sebuah perusahaan asing menanamkan modal jangka panjangnya di Indonesia, bangsa asing dapat secara langsung menguasai perusahaan di Indonesia termasuk menguasai kebijakan ekonomi dan hukum di Indonesia. Berikut merupakan praktik-praktik FDI yang lumrah kita temui: Penguasaan saham mayoritas. Leeds Arsenal? Penanaman modal untuk pendirian perusahaan baru. Ap World History 2006? Reinvestasi pendapatan perusahaan. Quarterly Of Economic Essays? Penyediaan fasilitas pendanaan dan lisensi penggunaan teknologi oleh induk perusahaan di luar negeri pada anak perusahaan/afiliasi yang berada di Indonesia. History Essay? Joint venture dengan perusahaan Indonesia. Dengan mekanisme-mekanisme diatas, perusahaan multinasional melakukan eksploitasi terhadap kekayaan alam dan potensi ekonomis negeri ini, mulai dari pertambangan tembaga dan emas hingga perkebunan kelapa sawit.

Dengan investasi langsung, perusahaan-perusahaan asing tersebut dapat secara langsung mengendalikan manajemen dan produksi perusahaan yang dikuasainya. Tidak dapat dipungkiri, bagi negara kita yang sedang berkembang investasi asing juga memberikan keuntungan karena mampu menutup financing gap yang tidak mampu ditutup oleh Pemerintah. Quarterly Of Economic Essays? FDI juga dianggap lebih menguntungkan dibandingkan dengan pinjaman luar negeri. Ap World? Banyak pengamat ekonomi menyatakan bahwa dana investasi asing merupakan penyumbang dana terbesar bagi pembangunan. Call To Action? Investasi asing juga mendorong pertumbuhan, sumber tumbuhnya teknologi, proses produksi, sistem organisasi, dan berbagai keuntungan lainnya. Yang menjadi persoalan, pengaruh asing telah mempengaruhi kebijakan-kebijakan pemerintah dengan sedemikian kuatnya. Ap World Essay? Pemerintah banyak membuat regulasi (dan bahkan melanggar regulasi yang telah sebelumnya dibuat) yang menguntungkan investor asing dan mengabaikan kepentingan rakyat. Thanking God? Dengan kekuasaan dan bantuan regulasi dan hukum yang dibuat oleh Pemerintah kita, investor-investor asing dapat secara leluasa mematikan pesaing-pesaing dari perusahaan domestik serta melakukan mobilisasi komoditas dari Indonesia ke negeri mereka. Yang menjadi pertanyaan, bagaimana investor asing mampu mempengaruhi pengambilan kebijakan oleh Pemerintah? Banyak indikasi yang menunjukkan bahwa investor asing memberikan bantuan dana dalam proses penyusunan Undang-undang, bantuan melalui lembaga donor, serta melalui Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) untuk mengkritisi pembuatan Undang-undang tersebut dan menyuarakan kepentingan mereka. Ap World 2006? Beberapa produk undang-undang dan peraturan yang nyata-nyata lebih memihak kepentingan asing dibandingkan kepentingan nasional antara lain UU Migas, UU Sumber Daya Air, RUU Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) dan berbagai peraturan di bidang PMA.

Investasi Uang Panas: Penyebab Rupiah Terpuruk. Selain FDI, bentuk investasi yang lebih memberikan pengaruh yang signifikan bagi negara Indonesia adalah dalam bentuk hot money , yaitu dana-dana investasi jangka pendek dengan mobilitas tinggi yang masuk ke pasar keuangan. Actions Are Stronger Than Words Essay? Teorinya, investor/speculator menanamkan uangnya ke saham, obligasi negara maupun swasta maupun Sertifikat Bank Indonesia (SBI). Ap World History 2006? Hot money sangat likuid sehingga sangat mempengaruhi kondisi perekonomian Indonesia, dimana saat hot money tersebut keluar dari Indonesia, maka secara otomatis runtuhlah nilai mata uang Rupiah. Sejarah pernah menunjukkan betapa negeri ini pernah terguncang akibat hot money . Actions? Pada tahun 1997, uang panas yang beredar di Indonesia sekitar 36,8 milyar dolar AS, lebih besar dari cadangan devisa yang dimiliki Indonesia, dimana dua pertiga dari jumlah terrsebut dalam bentuk saham dan sisanya dalam bentuk surat utang. History 2006 Essay? Ketika krisis moneter menerpa, banyak spekulator yang menarik uangnya yang berada di Indonesia. Dissertation Acknowledgement Thanking? Jumlah cadangan devisa yang lebih kecil dibandingkan jumlah hot money yang ditarik menyebabkan Pemerintah harus mencari utang ke IMF untuk menutup cadangan devisa. History Essay? Akibatnya, nilai tukar rupiah terhadap dolar pun jatuh sampai menembus angka Rp12.000,-/dolar AS. Saat ini pun sebenarnya perekonomian Indonesia pun rentan akibat uang panas ini.

Data 2006 menunjukkan bahwa jumlah uang panas yang beredar di Indonesia dalam bentuk SBI, SUN dan di pasar modal senilai 24,3 – 28,3 milyar dolar AS. Acknowledgement? Dapat kita bayangkan apabila dana sebesar itu keluar dari Indonesia secara tiba-tiba maka nilai tukar rupiah akan runtuh dan perekonomian akan ambruk. Ap World 2006 Essay? Secara positif, mengalirnya hot money ke dalam negeri akan meningkatkan cadangan devisa di Bank Indonesia. Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing? Data 2006 menunjukkan bahwa pada akhir 2006, cadangan devisa Indonesia sebesar 42,6 milyar dolar AS. Ap World 2006 Essay? Jumlah tersebut termasuk besar, namun kondisi perekonomian Indonesia tetap saja sangat rentan karena hot money senilai 24,3 – 28,3 milyar dolar AS dapat secara tiba-tiba keluar dari Indonesia. Essay? Keadaan berbeda dialami oleh Malaysia, Singapura dan China dimana dana yang masuk ke negara-negara tersebut bukan dalam bentuk hot money , melainkan dalam bentuk FDI sehingga tidak rentan terhadap krisis. Kebijakan moneter Amerika Serikat dan intervensi pasar oleh Bank Indonesia merupakan dua hal yang dapat menyebabkan perubahan yang sangat dinamis terhadap kondisi hot money di Indonesia. Ap World Essay? Contohnya terjadi pada bulan Juli 2003 dimana Gubernur Bank Sentral Amerika Serikat mengindikasikan prospek ekonomi AS yang terus membaik. Argument Essay? Apabila ekonomi membaik, maka tentu saja nilai dolar As akan menguat.

Mendengar berita ini, investor pun melepaskan uang yang dipegangnya selain dolar AS, antara lain yen, euro dan rupiah, untuk mendapatkan dolar Amerika. Ap World 2006? Akibatnya dalam waktu singkat, nilai tukar rupiah anjlok dari Rp8.400 ke Rp8.700 per dissertation, dolar AS. Ap World History Essay? Untuk dapat mempertahankan nilai tukar rupiah, Bank Indonesia melakukan intervensi pasar dengan menjual cadangan dolar dan membeli rupiah. Are Cover And Resumes? Yang menjadi masalah, kemampuan intervensi pasar BI ini pun sangat terbatas. Kesimpulan yang dapat kita ambil, Indonesia berada dalam kondisi yang sangat rentan terhadap permainan dari investor asing.

Ini diakibatkan oleh keikutsertaan Indonesia dalam pasar bebas, sedangkan ketahanan diri yang rendah serta ketergantungan asing yang sangat tinggi. Essay? Dalam kondisi ini, sangatlah tidak mungkin untuk mencegah aliran dana asing ke Indonesia. Resume Leeds? Yang bisa dilakukan hanyalah memperbaiki kondisi ekonomi agar lebih kompetitif, kuat dan lebih efisien dibandingkan negara lain. Buku The Confession of ap world history essay An Economic Hit Man (John Perkins) menguraikan cara kerja organisasi seperti IMF, Bank Dunia, dan sejumlah bank internasional yang menggunakan data ilmiah dan pendekatan kultural memberi informasi kepada para kepala negara dunia ketiga tentang angka pertumbuhan ekonomi yang optimistik, dengan tujuan agar negara-negara tersebut mau memperbesar utang luar negeri. Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing Questions? Makin besar utang luar negeri, makin lemah daya tawar suatu negara terhadap hegemoni dan praktik imperialisme negara adidaya. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Akibatnya, negara pengutang tak bisa mengelak segala permintaan dari negara donor.

Strategi ini dikenal dengan jebakan utang atau the creative questions debt trap. Apabila negara dunia ketiga tidak terjebak, strategi yang lebih kasar dijalankan dengan para spekulator valas yang merupakan kaki tangan negara pendonor. Ap World 2006? Tujuannya agar nilai mata uangnya melemah. Resume Leeds Arsenal? Ketika bank sentral negara itu sudah tidak mempunyai cadangan devisa yang besar untuk mengintervensi pasar, maka dengan terpaksa (atau dipaksa) mereka meminjam dana ke IMF atau Bank Dunia untuk meningkatkan cadangan devisa negara dan masuklah mereka ke dalam debt trap. Pada tahun 1997 terjadi aksi jual para spekulator yang membuat panik investor. History? Rupiah menjadi sangat terpuruk sehingga diperlukan dana bantuan IMF untuk meningkatkan cadangan devisa. Creative Writing? Utang Indonesia semakin besar. History Essay? Untuk membayar bunganya, Indonesia harus menjual beberapa BUMN (privatisasi) karena sebagian besar dana negara telah dipakai untuk membayar cicilan pokok utang.

Dalam bab ini dinyatakan empat indikator utama masuknya neoliberalisme ekonomi yaitu: Pemerintah menghapuskan berbagai subsidi dan menyerahkan harga-harga bidang strategis ke mekanisme pasar; Privatisasi BUMN dengan menjualnya ke pihak swasta, baik nasional maupun asing; Nilai kurs rupiah diambangkan secara bebas (floating rate) sesuai mekanisme pasar; Indonesia dituntut komitmennya terhadap WTO dan GATT. Sejumlah bank swasta nasional kini telah dikuasai asing, misalnya BCA, Bank Niaga, BII, Bank Haga, Bank Swadesi, dan lain-lain. Creative Questions? Akibatnya, mereka memiliki kekuatan untuk mendominasi perekonomian nasional Indonesia. History 2006? Sebagai contoh, dana masyarakat yang telah disedot pada periode per to action, Agustus 2006 mencapai Rp500,9 triliun, lebih besar dari bank pemerintah yang hanya mencapai Rp440,2 triliun. Ap World History Essay? Bank swasta asing dinilai kurang memperhatikan sektor UKM, terlihat dari kucuran kredit yang hanya sebesar 6,8% dari total kredit yang disalurkan. To Action Essay? Dari sini dikatakan bahwa industri perbankan yang merupakan jantung perekonomian telah diserahkan kepada negara asing. Industri telekomunikasi di Indonesia, yang dalam konteks ini adalah operator seluler, telah dikuasai pihak asing. History 2006? Pada penghujung tahun 2002, 41,94% saham pemerintah di Indosat dijual pada ST Telemedia Pte Ltd, Singapura. Resume Arsenal? 35% saham Telkomsel telah dimiliki SingTel.

Sekitar 42% saham Indosat dimiliki SingTel. Ap World Essay? Excelcomindo Pratama dikuasai Telecom Malaysia. Masuknya investor asing adalah sesuatu yang tak bisa dicegah karena bisnis telekomunikasi tidak mengenal batas wilayah negara. Belonging? Infrastruktur telekomunikasi menjadi aset yang sangat penting bagi terjaminnya keamanan informasi dan rahasia negara. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Jika ini digenggam negara lain, tentu keterjaminan, keamanan dan kelancaran informasi menjadi taruhannya. Berdasarkan data INSA tahun 2005, kegiatan ekspor impor yang dilakukan kapal asing sebanyak 96,59% dan angkutan kargo dalam negeri yang dilayani kapal asing sebesar 46,8%.

Menurut buku ini, ini menunjukkan adanya dominasi asing di bidang pelayaran di Indonesia. And Resumes? Hal ini dikatakan sebagai akibat dari lemahnya hukum yang dibuat pemerintah. Beberapa peraturan yang mendukung pernyataan tersebut adalah sebagai berikut: Inpres Nomor 4 Tahun 1985. Ap World History 2006? Inpres ini menggalakkan ekspor nonmigas namun mematikan sektor pelayaran nasional karena memperbolehkan kapal asing dari mana pun masuk dan bersandar selama membantu kelancaran ekspor nasional. Leeds? Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 82 Tahun 1999 tentang Angkutan di Perairan, yang mengharuskan perusahaan pelayaran memiliki kapal. Ap World History? Hal ini susah dilakukan karena pemerintah tidak mengeluarkan kebijakan yang mempermudah kredit perbankan bagi industri pelayaran untuk memperbaharui kapal, dan harga kapal pun tidak murah. Journal? Inpres Nomor 5 Tahun 2005 tentang Pemberdayaan Industri Pelayaran Nasional. 2006? Inpres ini menyebutkan muatan pelayaran antarpulau di dalam negeri wajib diangkut dengan kapal berbendera Indonesia dan dioperasikan oleh perusahaan pelayaran nasional. Dissertation Acknowledgement? Terdapat pertanyaan berapa lama yang dibutuhkan untuk membangun industri kapal nasional tanpa kemudahan pembiayaan. Azas ini menyatakan bahwa pengangkutan muatan domestik hanya oleh kapal berbendera milik negara tersebut.

Ini telah diterapkan di antaranya di AS dan Cina. 2006 Essay? Penerapan azas ini di Indonesia diyakini akan mampu meningkatkan daya saing produk-produk dalam negeri. Menurut Undang-undang, seharusnya bidang penerbangan tertutup bagi pemodal asing. Quarterly Journal Of Economic? Namun pada nyatanya, perusahaan asing telah beroperasi dengan membawa penumpang lokal dalam penerbangan. Indonesia dan Singapura melakukan perjanjian kerjasama yang memperbolehkan maskapai Singapura untuk membawa langsung penumpangnya ke Indonesia, begitu pula sebaliknya dengan Garuda Indonesia pun diperbolehkan membawa penumpangnya ke Singapura. Ap World History Essay? Namun setelah perjanjian tersebut mulai berlaku, Singapura mulai membawa penumpangnya ke Jakarta, Surabaya, Denpasar.

Indonesia pun melakukan protes karena Singapore Airlines telah menyalahi perjanjian kerjasama dengan melayani penerbangan ke berbagai wilayah di Indonesia; sementara Garuda Indonesia hanya ke Singapura. Actions Are Stronger Than? Namun pihak Singapura pun berdalih karena dalam isi kontrak disebutkan bahwa rute penerbangan adalah Singapura – Indonesia, dan Jakarta, Surabaya dan Bali merupakan bagian dari wilayah Indonesia. Menurut Pasal 6 ayat 1 UU No. Ap World? 1 Tahun 1967 tentang PMA dijelaskan bahwa sektor penerbangan termasuk ke dalam bidang usaha yang tertutup untuk penanaman modal asing secara penguasaan penuh. To Action Argument Essay? Pada Pasal 39 UU No. Ap World? 15 Tahun 1992 juga disebutkan bahwa perusahaan angkutan udara asing dilarang melakukan angkutan udara niaga di dalam negeri. Actions Than Words Essay? Namun hal tersebut bertolak belakang dengan apa yang dilakukan oleh Air Asia milik Malaysia yang telah beroperasi mengangkut penumpang lokal sejak tahun 2004. Ap World? Hal ini bisa terjadi karena adanya peraturan yang bertolak belakang dengan peraturan di atas yaitu Keppres Nomor 118 Tahun 2000 yang menyebutkan bahwa dalam bidang penerbangan tidak termasuk dalam daftar bidang usaha yang tertutup bagi penanaman modal asing. What Are Cover Letters And Resumes? Hal inilah yang menjadi acuan atas penyimpangan tersebut, lebih anehnya lagi sebuah Keppres dapat mengalahkan Undang-undang yang mempunyai kedudukan yang lebih tinggi.

Garuda Indonesia termasuk kategori maskapai terlemah di Asia. 2006? Hal ini diperkuat lagi dengan kinerja keuangan yang negatif, sehingga ada kemungkinan untuk diprivatisasi. Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing? Banyak pihak asing yang telah berminat untuk menguasai saham Garuda, ini berarti ada potensi keuntungan yang dapat diperoleh dari Garuda. History 2006 Essay? Kerugian yang dialami Garuda selama ini bisa jadi disebabkan adanya kesalahan dalam manajemen, sehingga keputusan untuk menjual saham Garuda ke pihak asing dirasa bukan solusi yang tepat. Pada tahun 2010 diprediksikan akan terjadi kekacauan yaitu berupa krisis listrik yang terjadi di Jawa dan Bali. Journal Essays? Hal ini dimungkinkan karena ketidakbecusan Pemerintah dalam menata pembangunan khususnya dalam bidang ketenagalistikan. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Berdasarkan data, PLN diperkirakan tidak sanggup untuk melayani permintaan pasokan listrik pada tahun 2010. Leeds? Akibatnya, PLN akan melakukan penjatahan suplai listrik secara bergilir.

Kekacauan pengelolaan kelistrikan mulai terjadi pada tahun 1992 ketika pihak swasta dilibatkan dalam bisnis penyediaan listrik. Ap World? Keppres No. Quarterly Journal Essays? 37 Tahun 1992 dijadikan alasan untuk mengantisipasi kekurangan pasokan listrik bagi masyarakat. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Namun, hal ini dimanfaatkan oleh beberapa oknum untuk keuntungan pribadi, dengan mark up setinggi-tingginya nilai proyek tersebut. Resume Leeds Arsenal? Perbuatan busuk ini baru terkuak setelah Orde Baru runtuh berkat temuan dari tim pengkaji ulang berbagai proyek listrik di tanah air. Setelah Keppres No. Ap World 2006? 37 Tahun 1992, PLN bekerja sama dengan pihak swasta lewat PPA (Power Purchase Agreement) yang mengharuskan PLN membeli 100 % listrik yang dijual swasta.

Harga jual listrik swasta jauh lebih mahal dari yang dijual PLN ke masyarakat, sehingga menyebabkan kerugian bagi negara. Leeds Arsenal? Menurut Kompas, perusahaan-perusahaan swasta tersebut ternyata dimiliki oleh para pengusaha yang dekat dengan penguasa Orde Baru saat itu, seperti Bob Hasan, Sigit Soeharto, Bambang Triatmodjo dan lain sebagainya. History? Kewajiban PLN untuk membeli listrik dari swasta ini mencapai 133,5 milyar dollar AS dan nilai itu belum termasuk kerugian akibat praktik korupsi pada tubuh PLN serta kerugian akibat nilai rupiah yang terdepresiasi terhadap dollar AS. Seharusnya setelah praktik mark up atas prolyek listrik tersebut terbongkar, penegakan hukum harus dilaksanakan. Creative Writing? Namun, yang terjadi hanya dilakukan renegosiasi yang masih membebankan PLN. History? Hal ini terlihat pada klausul pembelian take or pay yang prinsipnya ada dua jenis pembelian, yaitu pembelian kapasitas dalam bentuk megawatt dan pembelian energi dalam bentuk kWh. Leeds Arsenal? Klausul ini menyebabkan PLN harus membayar meskipun tidak menggunakan listrik dari swasta. Kekacauan ini terus diperparah dengan terbitnya UU No. Ap World History 2006 Essay? 20 Tahun 2002 tentang ketenagalistrikan, yang tujuannya agar listrik bisa lebih cepat menjangkau wilayah Indonesia. Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing? Hal ini mengubah pandangan listrik dari obyek infrastruktur menjadi komoditas, sehingga profit merupakan bagian terpenting dalam pengembangannya.

Kita sebagai rakyat hanya bisa berharap agar krisis listrik dapat segera teratasi dengan tidak membebani rakyat. Keberadaan hukum adat perlu dipertanyakan karena banyak produk hukum pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam (SDA) justru bertolak belakang dengan hukum adat dan menciptakan kemiskinan masyarakat setempat. Ap World 2006? Produk-produk hukum dalam pemanfaatan SDA, seperti pertambangan, perminyakan, kehutanan, pertanahan dan sebagainya menyebabkan masyarakat setempat beserta hukum adatnya semakin terpinggirkan. Actions Are Stronger Words Essay? Bahkan hukum tersebut dilakukan bersifat represif, sehingga menyebabkan pemiskinan secara sistematis terhadap masyarakat adat. Kehancuran sistematis bagi masyarakat beserta hukum adatnya mulai terjadi pada masa Orde Baru. Ap World 2006? Produk hukum yang dihasilkan semakin terasanya dominasi kekuasaan Pemerintah dan menghancurkan hak-hak masyarakat adat.

Masyarakat yang telah sekian lama menempati tanah miliknya, harus mengalami penggusuran dan perampasan hak dengan mengatasnamakan UU hanya demi kepentingan penguasa pada saat itu. Dalam penggolongan kriteria hutan dinyatakan bahwa masyarakat adat dinyatakan tidak memiliki tanah tetapi hanya menguasai dan memanfaatkan tanah berdasarkan hak ulayat. Actions Than? Namun semakin hari hak masyarakat adat untuk menguasai dan memanfaatkan tanah tersebut juga dirampas baik oleh pihak perusahaan swasta asing maupun lokal dengan dalih bahwa tanah tersebut milik mereka. Ap World History 2006? Dan ketika masyarakat adat ingin mengambilnya, maka muncullah tuduhan penebang dan penambang ilegal. Masyarakat adat sering berada pada dualisme hukum. Actions Than Essay? Sebagai masyarakat adat mereka harus menaati Hukum Adat dan sebagai warga negara Indonesia mereka harus menaati Hukum Nasional.

Hal inilah yang sering menyebabkan tombulnya konflik dalam masyarakat. Berdasarkan Pasal 33 ayat 3 UUD 1945, seharusnya konsep hak menguasai negara berarti negara “bukanlah pemilik” dari kekayaan yang terkandung di tanah air. Essay? Akan tetapi “negara diberikan hak dari rakyat untuk menguasai kekayaan alam” demi kemamkmuran rakyat. Call To Action Essay? Dengan kata lain, masyarakat harus memberikan ijin terlenih dahulu kepada pihak pengusaha yang akan melaksanakan kegiatan eksplorasi di wilayah adatnya. Eksistensi Hukum Adat.

Saat penjajahan Belanda, keberadaan hukum adat selalu bertentangan dengan kepentingan penjajajah Hindia Belanda. 2006? Namun para pemimpin dan tokoh bangsa ini telah menyadarinya dengan mencetuskan Soempah Pemoeda 1928. Are Stronger Than? Dan setelah merdeka, para pemimpin bangsa kita pun menghormati hak-hak masyarakat adat yang diaku pada Pasal 18 UUD 1945 beserta Penjelasan-nya. Ap World History 2006? Hak-hak masyarakat asli (indegenous people rights) ini juga diakui oleh PBB. Belonging Creative? Lalu, Pasal 14 Piagam Hak Asasi Manusia yang menjadi bagian integral Ketetapan MPR No. Ap World? XVII/MPR/1998 yang menyatakan bahwa hak atas tanah ulayat dilindungi oleh negara. Writing Questions? Begitu pula Pasal 14 Konvensi ILO Nomor 169 yang mengatakan bahwa hak kepemilikan dan pemanfaatan atas tanah oleh masyarakat adat harus diakui negara. Beberapa produk hukum Orde Lama seperti UU No. Ap World History 2006 Essay? 5 Tahun 1960 tentang Pokok-Pokok Agraria (UUPA) memiliki pasal-pasal yang mengakui ketentuan hukum adat. Argument Essay? Begitu juga dalam bidang sumber daya hutan melalui PP No. Ap World? 64 tahun 1957 tentang desentralisasi di bidang kehutanan.

Namun pada masa Orde Baru, PP ini dihapus melalui PP No. Of Economic? 21 tahun 1970 yang menghilangkan sama sekali hak-hak masyarakat. 2006 Essay? Banyak produk hukum dari masa Orde Baru lainnya yang secara umum menghasilkan eksploitasi besar-besaran terhadap SDA dan sepenuhnya dinikmati perusahaan pengelola. Quarterly Of Economic? Produk-produk hukum ini pun tidak jauh berbeda dengan UU pada masa penjajahan Belanda dulu. Seharusnya dalam produk-produk hukum tersebut, para penguasa harus memperhatikan kesejahteraan masyarakat sekitar dan menambah prasyarat-prasyarat lain bagi perusahaan yang diberikan ijn serta memperhatikan dampak ekologi bagi lingkungan sekitar. Pertambangan dan perminyakan Indonesia merupakan bidang yang paling digarap oleh asing dengan 85,4 % dari 137 konsensi pengelolaan lapangan migas.

Menurut data BP Migas, hanya 20 perusahaan migas nasional yang saat ini mengelola ladang migas di Indonesia. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Bahkan ada kemungkinan bahwa dengan berbagai kepemilikan saham, pihak asing menguasai 100 % ladang migas di Indonesia. Pada masa Orde Baru, hampir semua ladang minyak dikuasai perusahaan minyak asing raksasa. Resume? Namun pada zaman sekarang ini, sektor industri hilir migas pun diberikan kepada perusahaan swasta baik asing maupun lokal. Ap World History 2006? Hasilnya, bermunculanlah pompa-pompa bensin merk asing, seperti Shell, Petronas, Total dan sebagainya. Acknowledgement God? Hal ini akan berdampak pada naiknya harga BBM akibat dicabutnya subsidi BBM. Produksi migas yang dihasilkan dari berbagai blok migas sebagian besar diekspor hanya untuk melipatgandakan devisa negara. 2006? Dan hal ini menyebabkan krisis energi yang merugikan rakyat. What Are Cover Letters And Resumes? Di sisi lain, telah banyak kerugian yang terjadi akibat menyerahkan pengelolaan pertambangan dan migas ke pihak asing seperti penambangan emas dan tembaga oleh PT. Ap World Essay? Freeport. Acknowledgement Thanking? Pertaminapun tidak dipercaya untuk mengelola blok-blok migas seperti di Cepu.

Nasib serupa juga dialami dalam bidang batubara, yang pengelolaanya masih didominasi oleh pihak swasta seperti Bumi Resources Tbk. Ap World 2006 Essay? Salah satu alasan mengapa pihak asing yang banyak menguasai penambangan dan perminyakan di Indonesia adalah dikarenakan teknologinya yang mahal. Argument? Hal ini menjadi kurang relevan jika dibandingkan dengan masa pengelolaan oleh pihak asing. Neoliberalisme Pengelolaan Migas. Dulu, Petronas pernah belajar dari Pertamina tentang konsep pengelolaan migasnya. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Namun sekarang ini, Petronas lebih maju dari Pertamina. Call? Hal ini disebabkan Pertamina yang dikelola secara korup. Essay? Lebih parahnya lagi, bukan korupsinya yang diberantas, akan tetapi aturan main atau sistem dasarnya yang diganti. Are Cover And Resumes? Di era Megawati melalui UU Migas No.

22 Tahun 2001, pengelolaan dan penguasaan migas dan produk BBM berubah drastis. Ap World? Pertamina tidak lagi memegang Kuasa Usaha Pertambangan termasuk mengontrol para kontraktor Kontrak Production Sharing. Dissertation? Bahkan saham Pertamina bisa dijual dan dimiliki siapa saja. UU Migas menyebabkan negara tidak lagi memiliki prasarana yang dapat menguasai dan memiliki sumber daya migas dan produk BBM. Essay? Hal ini sangat bertentangan dengan Pasal 33 UUD 1945. Belonging Creative Writing Questions? Liberalisasi pun semakin masuk dalam pengelolaan migas di Indonesia sehingga dalam penentuan harga BBM ditentukan berdasarkan harga pasar. Ap World History Essay? Salah satu cara masuknya neoliberalisme adalah dengan menghancurkan pengelolaan BUMN-BUMN strategis dan yang menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak dengan cara memprivatisasinya. To Action? Agen-agen asing seperti IGGI dan IMF yang didukung AS serta negara-negara pendonor sangat berperan dalam menciptakan neoliberalisme di Indonesia. Ap World 2006? Hal ini ditambah lagi dengan bantuan wakil rakyat di DPR dalam mengesahkan Undang-undang yang pro and resumes, neoliberalisme. Nasionalisasi Migas Keberanian Morales. Presiden Bolivia Evo Morales mengeluarkan dekrit nasional sektor energi Bolivia dan mengatakan bahwa penjarahan SDA oleh perusahaan-perusahaan asing telah berakhir.

Pengelolaan SDA di Bolivia sebenarnya sama dengan di Indonesia. History Essay? Namun yang membedakannya adalah Bolivia berani menasionalisasikan seluruh perusahaan migas asing. Morales memulai langkahnya dengan 2 cara. Pertama, menasionalisasikan perusahaan migas asing; Kedua, melakukan revolusi lahan. What Are Cover? Pemerintah Bolivia menetapkan batas waktu 6 bulan kepada perusahaan-perusahaan asing untuk menegosiasi ulang kontrak-kontrak mereka dengan perusahaan minyak nasional Bolivia. Perusahaan milik negara / YPFB harus emnjadi pemegang saham mayoritas dalam perusahaan-perusahaan energi yang beroperasi di Bolivia. Langkah Morales ini dikecam oleh pihak asing dan mereka mengatakan bahwa terjadi kemunduran ekonomi di Bolivia. Ap World? Hal ini berbeda dengan yang terjadi di Indonesia, dimana justru para Pemerintah dan pengamat yang mengatakan hal itu untuk membodohi rakyatnya sendiri. Revolusi lahan dilakukan dengan cara dimana negara menyerahkan seperlima lahan negara kepada petani-petani miskin di Bolivia.

Kebijakan redistribusi lahan ini ditargetkan akan mendistribusikan lahan publik seluas 200.000 km 2 dalam 5 tahun. Argument? Pemerintah juga akan meredistribusi lahan-lahan pribadi yang tidak produktif, diperoleh secara ilegal, atau digunakan untuk spekulasi. Ap World? Apakah indonesia akan mengikuti langkah Bolivia tersebut? UU Mineral dan Batubara yang Banci. Dengan adanya UU Minerba No. And Resumes? 4 Tahun 2009, posisi hukum Negara menjadi lebih terhormat dan diakui kedaulatannya, dimana Pemerintah berdiri sejajar dengan pengusaha dan Pemerintah berkedudukan sebagai pemberi izin usaha pertambangan.

UU Minerba ini mengakhiri Kontrak Karya, Perjanjian Karya Pengusahaan Pertambangan Batubara dan Kuasa Pertambangan. Ap World History? Namun dalam beberapa Pasal dalam UU Minerba ini masih ada upaya melindungi kepentingan asing dalam mengelola SDA. Seharusnya UU Minerba ini bisa mengembalikan dan menyelamatkan SD mineral Indonesia, dengan cara membatalkan kontrak-kontrak yang telah sangat merugikan negara. Are Stronger Than Essay? Sayangnya, Menteri ESDM waktu itu Purnomo Yusgiantoro menyatakan bahwa UU ini tidak akan membatalkan KK pertambangan yang telah diteken Pemerintah dengan alasan menghormati hukum. History 2006 Essay? KK hanya bisa dibatalkan dengan tiga alasan. Resume Leeds? Pertama, jika terjadi pelanggaran pidana. 2006 Essay? Kedua, jika pengusaha pertambangan tidak menaati pasal-pasal yang ada dalam kontrak. Quarterly Journal Of Economic Essays? Dan ketiga, kedua belah pihak sepakat untuk memutuskan kontrak tersebut. Ap World 2006? Hal ini membuktikan posisi Pemerintah yang lemah dalam mengatur pengelolaan SDA untuk kepentingan bangsa. Resume? Kesimpulannya, UU Minerba yang sekarang tidak akan banyak mengubah sistem pengelolaan pertambangan kita.

BUMN ITU (SEHARUSNYA) BOLEH RUGI, ASAL BUKAN KARENA DIKORUPSI. Sudah sering terdengar bahwa BUMN (seperti PLN, PT KAI, PDAM, TELKOM dll) menderita kerugian, maka pemerintah dibebani subsidi untuk perusahaan-perusahaan itu. History 2006 Essay? Yang menjadi pertanyaan adalah apakah salah kalau BUMN itu merugi sedangkan tujuan dibentuknya BUMN itu adalah untuk menyediakan kebutuhan rakyat dengan harga murah? Bukan keuntungan yang menjadi prioritas utama tetapi pemenuhan kebutuhan rakyat dengan harga yang terjangkau sesuai dengan semangat pasal 33 UUD 1945. Langkah pemerintah yang kemudian memprivatisasi BUMN sesungguhnya sangatlah merugikan. Acknowledgement Thanking? Dengan alasan beratnya beban subsidi pemerintah telah mengorbankan kepentingan rakyat. 2006 Essay? Bisa kita lihat pada kenaikan harga BBM, tarif listrik, air, transportasi dll semakin membebani rakyat.

Pemerintah seharusnya melakukan perbaikan manajemen agar BUMN tidak lagi dijalankan dengan korup, bukan dengan menjual BUMN ini kepada pihak swasta. LECEHKAN HUKUM DEMI INVESTOR ASING. Faktor-faktor penghalang jika terjadi pengajuan judicial review terhadap PP No. Hsc English Creative Writing? 20 Tahun 1994: Pemerintah berusaha menggagalkan (secara politik); Campur tangan kekuatan asing (secara ekonomi); Putusan hakim tidak populer. Akibatnya, jika sampai PP No. History Essay? 20 Tahun 1994 tidak berlaku, akan ada banyak opini bahwa hal itu tidak mendukung pembangunan ekonomi nasional karena sulit masuknya investor asing.Banyak produk hukum kita yang saling bertentangan (kontroversial) dalam investasi asing.

Contohnya, antara UUD 1945 pasal 33, UU No. Acknowledgement? 1 Tahun 1967 tentang Penanaman Modal Asing, dan UU No. Essay? 6 Tahun 1968 tentang Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri. UUD 1945 pasal 33 ayat (2) menyatakan bahwa cabang-cabang produksi yang penting bagi negara dan yang menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak dikuasai oleh negara. And Resumes? Ayat (3) menyatakan bahwa bumi dan air dan kekayaan alam yang terkandung di dalamnya dikuasai oleh negara dan dipergunakan untuk sebesar-besar kemakmuran rakyat. Dalam UU No. History Essay? 1 Tahun 1967 pasal 6 ayat (1) dinyatakan beberapa bidang usaha yang tertutup bagi penanaman modal asing secara penguasaan penuh, antara lain: pelabuhan, produksi, transmisi dan distribusi tenaga listrik untuk umum, telekomunikasi, pelayaran, penerbangan, air minum, kereta api umum, pembangkitan tenaga atom dan media massa. What Are Cover Letters And Resumes? Anehnya, sektor pertambangan tidak tergolong dalam klasifikasi di atas karena dimungkinkannya kerja sama dengan pemerintah atas dasar kontrak karya. Ap World History Essay? Ternyata hal ini untuk memuluskan masuknya Freeport ke Papua. UU No.

6 Tahun 1968 pasal 3 ayat (1) menyatakan bahwa perusahaan nasional adalah perusahaan yang sekurang-kurangnya 51% daripada modal dalam negeri yang ditanam di dalamnya dimiliki oleh negara dan/atau swasta nasional. Belonging Writing? PP No. 2006 Essay? 20 Tahun 1994 menjamin investor asing boleh memiliki hingga 95% saham perusahaan yang bergerak dalam bidang pelabuhan, produksi, transmisi dan distribusi tenaga listrik untuk umum, telekomunikasi, pelayaran, penerbangan, air minum, kereta api, pembangkit tenaga nuklir dan media massa. Jelas-jelas ketiga produk hukum di atas saing bertentangan. Dissertation Thanking God? Dalam bidang yang penting bagi negara dan yang menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak, persentase maksimal kepemilikan saham asing semakin meningkat: 5% (UU No.

1 Tahun 1967), 49% (UU No. Ap World 2006? 6 Tahun 1968), dan menjadi 95% (PP No. Resume Leeds? 20 Tahun 1994). Ada hal lain yang lebih memprihatinkan. 2006? Pemerintah Indonesia melalui International Infrastructure Summit (17 Januari 2005) dan BUMN Summit (25-26 Januari 2005) memutuskan untuk membuka investor asing masuk dalam proyek infrastruktur di Indonesia.

Dalam BUMN Summit juga dinyatakan bahwa seluruh BUMN akan diprivatisasi. God? Jadi, barang dan jasa publik (yang penting bagi negara dan menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak) akan menjadi barang komersial dengan fokus utama bisnis ( profit oriented ). PENYIMPANGAN KONSTITUSI: PASAL 33 UUD 1945. Pasal 33 UUD 1945 menyiratkan adanya sistem ekonomi sosialis atau sistem berbasis kerakyatan. History 2006 Essay? Hal ini diperkuat dengan amandemen keempat dengan dicantumkannya ketentuan perekonomian nasional yang diselenggarakan berdasar atas demokrasi ekonomi. Actions Than Essay? Namun, dalam praktiknya, belum ada implementasi dari pasal 33 UUD 1945. Berikut ini penjabaran pasal 33 UUD 1945: Kegiatan ekonomi berdasar atas rasa kebersaman; Adanya semangat kekeluargaan yang saling menunjang dan menguntungkan antarpelaku ekonomi; Hal-hal yang menguasai hajat hidup orang banyak dikuasai oleh negara dan dipergunakan untuk sebesar-besar kemakmuran rakyat; Penguasaan negara tersebut dilakukan melalui peraturan hukum; Tidak ada tempat untuk liberalisme. Pasal 33 UUD 1945 menjamin kepentingan rakyat dengan menciptakan kemakmuran dan kepastian penghidupan yang layak dan tidak menciptakan penindasan dan penghisapan ( exploitation d’lomme parlon ). 2006? Bung Karno dan Bung Hatta menyatakan untuk mengimplementasikan hal tersebut, diperlukan ekonomi berencana ( planned economy ) atau perencanaan terpusat. Actions Are Stronger Words? Keperluan hidup yang vital, seperti sandang, pangan, papan, pendidikan, dan kesehatan mendapat prioritas utama dalam perencanaan perekonomian nasional.

Rakyat juga harus mendapat air, listrik, gas, dan BBM yang cukup dan murah karena barang-barang tersebut penting bagi rakyat. Essay? Perusahaan transportasi juga harus berfokus pada pelayanan keperluan masyarakat, tidak profit oriented . Kerja sama ekonomi seharusnya dilakukan dengan cara bagi hasil ( production sharing ) antara Pemerintah Pusat, Pemerintah Daerah, Koperasi, Swasta Nasional dan Asing. Journal Essays? Proyek-proyek didanai dari kredit luar negeri, sedangkan pembayarannya dilakukan dengan sebagian hasil dari proyek tersebut. History 2006? Kepemilikan dan pimpinan harus tetap ada di tangan pihak Indonesia. Writing Questions? Barang impor seharusnya hanya menjadi pelengkap produksi domestik. History Essay? Walaupun demikian, ekspor dan impor harus berada pada hubungan yang seimbang, artinya ekspor diperlukan untuk membayar impor.

Seperti telah dikemukakan di atas, pasal 33 UUD 1945 belum mampu diimplementasikan. Resume? Bahkan, dapat dikatakan baru sebatas normatif. Ap World? Banyak cabang produksi yang vital dikelola oleh swasta atau investor asing. Are Cover Letters? Freeport, ExxonMobil, Newmont adalah contohnya. Dalam berbagai segi, pengelolaan ekonomi kita sekarang ini cenderung liberal. Ap World History 2006 Essay? Bahkan, Indonesia dianggap sebagai negara paling liberal di antara negara-negara liberal. Quarterly? Hal yang ironis, di satu sisi kita tetap mempertahankan pasal 33 UUD 1945, namun di sisi lain, produk hukum di bawahnya justru menyimpang.

Pada tahun 1994 terjadi krisis ekonomi yang melanda Amerika Latin. Ap World 2006? Untuk mengatasinya, digulirkan suatu rekomendasi formula 10 elemen yang dinamakan Washington Consensus, antara lain: Disiplin fiskal, menjaga anggaran agar tetap surplus; Belanja APBN diprioritaskan untuk memperbaiki pendistribusi pendapatan; Reformasi sektor perpajakan; Liberalisasi sektor finansial; Pertimbangan daya saing dan kredibilitas dalam penentuan kurs mata uang; Liberalisasi perdagangan; Tidak ada diskriminasi investasi asing; Privatisasi BUMN; Deregulasi atau penghilangan segala restriksi perusahaan baru yang hendak masuk pasar; Perlindungan hak cipta ( property right ). Kesepuluh pilar di atas dapat dipersempit lagi menjadi tiga poin utama: (1) kebijakan fiskal yang disiplin dan konservatif; (2) privatisasi BUMN; (3) liberalisasi pasar. Berbagai perdebatan akan pro-kontra neoliberalisme tampaknya mengambil Washington Consensus tersebut sebagai tolok ukur. Resume? Contoh yang nyata: privatisasi BUMN. Masalahnya, apakah dengan sistem neoliberalisme, rakyat menjadi makmur dan tidak perlu terjadi krisis ekonomi? Korea Selatan mungkin kelihatan berhasil dengan sistem neoliberalismenya, namun ada campur tangan Amerika Serikat untuk menghadapi Korea Utara dan Cina. Essay? Amerika Serikat memberikan bantuan dan perhatian yang besar untuk menumbuhkan perekonomian Korea Selatan.

Bagaimana dengan Indonesia? Dengan sistem neoliberalisme, siapa yang akan diuntungkan atau menjadi makmur: rakyat, asing, atau sekelompok pelaku ekonomi tertentu? Tinggalkan Balasan Batalkan balasan. Ringkasan buku ini memperlihatkan bahwa bangsa sudah terjajah secara lebih sistimatis,daripada apa yang terjadi pada zaman belenda maupun jepang,sudah masuk sampai kehulu hati dulu mungkin baru bagian badanya saja.Sekarang malah sudah merasuk jauh kedalam dan sangat sulit untuk di ubah seperti penyakiy kronis. Bajingan para kelompok negara maju itu artinya…mereka bullshit….mmberitakan negara mrk kaya raya katanya…. What? hua…ha..ha..ha…