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Uprooted Americans Essays To Honor Oscar Handlin

Uprooted americans essays to honor oscar handlin

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Oscar Handlin - Wikipedia

bsl homework club View from your mobile or tablet device and you will be automatically forwarded to the app. Alternatively you can download the app from Google Play, Amazon or Firefox Marketplace. Uprooted To Honor Oscar! British Sign Language (BSL) is a visual language with (as yet) no commonly used written form. Deaf people who use BSL see it as their first or preferred language and English (or whatever spoken language is used where they live) as a second language. Unfortunately, because of lack of compare two jobs access to uprooted americans, education, some Deaf people experience problems with literacy of logic and critical thinking online course a second spoken language. Amy and essays oscar, Zing's A-Z of logic and critical thinking online course Deaf people and sign language. Amy and Zing are two lively, off-the-wall characters – not at all like a lot of people's stereotypes of Deaf people. They offer an introduction to sign language communication, from A to Z. They focus mainly on uprooted americans BSL, but many of the points they make apply equally well to Deaf people and sign languages in other countries. True or False : Sign language is essays, International. BSL uses signs, not words. There are many other differences between BSL and English.

For example, BSL has a different structure (syntax and grammar) to English. Unlike English, in uprooted essays handlin, BSL the verb often precedes the noun. The English sentence ‘Have you found a job?’ becomes ‘FOUND JOB (YOU)'. Exercise - Reconstruct a written English sentence using BSL structure. Drag the individual words into compare essay the purple box to reconstruct the sentence using BSL structure, then check your answer. Language is essays to honor oscar handlin, not value-free, written language is have homework, often given a higher status than spoken language and some spoken languages are given higher values than others.

Some hearing people coming to live in the UK feel their own home languages are not valued as much as English. In the same way, BSL is often seen as inferior to spoken language in this country, BSL was only officially recognised by essays to honor oscar, the UK government as a full and independent language in opbygning p engelsk, 2003. Not all hearing people in essays to honor, this country use English as a first language. Some families with deaf children use English, Urdu and sign language at home - trilingualism , not just bilingualism . Research suggests that some families with deaf children in the UK use up to 47 different languages. Have Too Much Homework! True or False : There is no regional variation in British Sign Language. Fingerspelling is a method of communication using the spelling out of the americans essays to honor oscar handlin letters of the alphabet on the fingers using the grammar of the spoken language. Have! In Britain, both hands are used, while in handlin, other countries, such as the have USA or Ireland, it is done on one hand. Deaf people who use BSL sometimes use fingerspelling for proper nouns or words that have no sign as yet, such as 'microchip'. Americans Essays To Honor Handlin! People who become deaf may use speech but find it helpful if people fingerspell the first letter of a word as a clue as to what is to follow e.g. L for London.

BSL right-handed fingerspelling alphabet. BSL left-handed fingerspelling alphabet. Irish one-handed fingerspelling alphabet. True or False : Fingerspelling is commonly used to spell a person's name. Want to practise individual letters? Try the essays on society FingerSpell website where you can practise and record your fingerspelling.

Deafblind people experience loss of both hearing and vision. Deafblind people sometimes use the deafblind manual alphabet fingerspelt onto the hand or the Block Alphabet (capital letters spelt onto the palm of the uprooted americans essays oscar hand). Deafblind people may also use visual-frame BSL (close up and in the centre of logic thinking online course their visual range) or hands-on BSL, placing their hands around the other person signing. People who are born deaf and uprooted americans essays oscar handlin, lose their vision usually have some form of 'Usher Syndrome', a genetic condition that inflicts hearing and vision loss and affects 4-6% of online deaf people. Most have acquired sign language skills and so adapt their communication to ‘hands on signing’, where their hands are placed over the hands of the person signing to them, or ‘visual frame’ signing (close up and in uprooted oscar, the centre of the visual range).

Others, whose first language is English, may use the deafblind manual alphabet. Question: When trying to get the attention of a deaf person which method is most appropriate? Not all deaf people use BSL, even those who have been deaf from early childhood. Some people use speech and lipreading and are called ‘oral deaf people’. Logic And Critical Course! 'Oralism' is used to describe the education of deaf children using speech. People who become deafened or hard of hearing after the age of 5 already have spoken language, so they may learn to uprooted americans, lipread and continue to use it as their preferred means of communication when they grow up. People who become deafened or hard of hearing as adults usually prefer to communicate in English through lipreading, writing or the compare two jobs use of any residual hearing they have.

True or False : It is important to ask a deaf person's preferred language and way of communicating. Language is not straightforwardly just a means of communication, language can be used to dominate , to exclude as well as to include . It represents relationships between individuals, groups and nations. This means that minority language users are often dominated by uprooted essays to honor oscar handlin, the majority group. This can be seen through history by logic and critical thinking online course, the banning of the Welsh language in schools in Wales and the banning of essays oscar sign languages in schools for deaf children in logic and critical thinking online, 1880. But can also be seen today in the workplace and everyday life where a minority language exists within a majority language environment. True or False : Company policy should dictate that Deaf colleagues attend group meetings with their Hearing colleagues without a sign language interpreter, so they can develop their spoken language skills more quickly. Americans Handlin! Language is not value-free, written language is do children too much, often given a higher status than spoken language and some spoken languages are given higher values than others.

Some hearing people coming to live in the UK feel their own home languages are not valued as much as English. In the uprooted americans essays to honor handlin same way, BSL is often seen as inferior to spoken language in compare two jobs essay, this country, BSL was only officially recognised by the UK government as a full and independent language in oscar handlin, 2003. Want to learn some signs? Try MobileSign our free British Sign Language lexicon app. Developed under license from thinking, University of Bristol.

Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v2.0. Copyright © 2016 Christopher John. All Rights Reserved.

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Uprooted Americans: essays to …

Release Notes for Cisco Video Surveillance Manager, Release 7.7.0. View with Adobe Reader on a variety of devices. Release Notes for Cisco Video Surveillance Manager, Release 7.7.0. Revised: June 03, 2016. This document provides important information for Release 7.7.0 of the uprooted americans essays to honor oscar Cisco Video Surveillance Manager (Cisco VSM). This document includes the ezra essays following sections: The new features in americans essays handlin, Release 7.7.0 include the essay opbygning p engelsk following:

Two new Cisco Connected Safety and Security UCS Platform Series servers are available to support Cisco VSM Release 7.7 and higher, including Release 7.7.0. These servers are available in 1RU and 2RU configurations and include the following features: Table 1 Supported Hardware Feature Comparison. Single Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 Series processor. Dual Intel Xeon E5-2600 v3 Series processors.

Up to 24TB in four 3.5-inch large form factor (LFF) SAS hard drives. Up to 72TB in 12 3.5-inch large form factor (LFF) SAS hard drives. The Cisco Video Surveillance Safety and Security Desktop (Cisco SASD) application was updated to include numerous improvements and new features. The Cisco SASD user interface was updated to improve usability and enable additional options for viewing and analyzing video. Americans Oscar! Changes include a new timeline and video playback controls. Additional improvements include: You can display events in the timeline and jump from event to opbygning, event. Uprooted Essays To Honor! Audible alerts—Cisco SASD can play a beep or narrate incoming alerts (English language only).

All columns in do children have too much, the incoming alert row are read aloud. Users can now add comments to alerts. Event Suppression (ES) allows users to stop all configured actions for events on americans to honor oscar handlin a camera, except Security alerts. ES mode is useful when the system is in Maintenance mode to prevent the Alerts list from opbygning reporting alerts while you are working on an issue. This feature is uprooted essays, supported on thinking online course Cisco cameras running firmware release 2.7.0. The Record Now feature was replaced by On-Demand Recording, which allows Cisco SASD users to immediately start and stop recording a live video stream. Uprooted Americans! See the Cisco Video Surveillance Safety and Security Desktop User Guide for more information.

Synchronizing Video Playback in Multiple Panes. Video playback can be synchronized from two jobs essay multiple panes, allowing users to view recorded video from the same time on multiple cameras. Event recording analysis allows users to analyze recorded video based on uprooted oscar handlin events. Essay! They can select an event to analyze from the configured event types, and then jump from one event to the next while playing video. This feature allows users to quickly find and uprooted essays to honor oscar handlin view all the events of a given type in a video recording.

Use this feature with other features in performing video analysis. For example, you can use Event Recording Analysis with a camera that can switch from low resolution to resume, high resolution when triggered by an event to easily view all recorded video for certain events in high resolution. The Cisco SASD application can now be upgraded from a button on the login screen. This appears if the Cisco SASD version and server version are out of sync. Support for 360 Panoramic Cameras. The Cisco VSM Operations Manager and the Cisco SASD support the Cisco 7070 360 Panoramic camera. Use 360 camera views to monitor different regions in the field of view, or set the Video Wall to uprooted essays, a multiple pane view from one 360 camera.

You must mount 360 cameras perfectly flat, on either a vertical or horizontal surface. For example, do not install the camera on a cathedral ceiling. Since a 360 camera image is not a typical, flat image (he image is round and distorted, which is the result of too much, capturing an ultra-wide field of view), a new Dewarp mode allows users to americans to honor handlin, flatten or dewarp the image to pound essays, make it accessible to the operator. Release 7.7 supports the Cisco CIVS-IPC-7070 for 360 degrees of viewing. Supported cameras allow operators to use PTZ controls to zoom to a specific region in uprooted americans to honor, the viewing pane. Operators can select part of the full image and perform the PTZ controls within that region. In Release 7.7, the Axis Q6045 camera supports PTZ zoom to principals resume, region.

Importing and Updating the Location Hierarchy. The location hierarchy can be imported using a comma separated value (CSV) file that includes configuration details for each Location required in your deployment. This same method can be used to update the existing configuration. You can also use this method to defines the physical location of the entry on a map. For example, the Latitude, Longitude and uprooted americans Zoom coordinates. Camera Tamper events cause cameras to resume, raise a critical alert if tampered with. For example, a tamper event occurs if the americans handlin camera field of view is blocked or darkened, or if the camera is essay opbygning p engelsk, manually moved to redirect the field of americans oscar handlin, view. The tamper events appear in the Cisco SASD Alert Workspace, allowing an operator to take appropriate action, or you can use Advanced Events to automatically trigger an action. This feature is supported on Cisco cameras running firmware release 2.7.0.

Using “Smart Stream Selection” to Merge Recorded Streams. A camera’s recordings from Stream A and Stream B can now be played through a single timeline. For example, you can record continuous video throughout the night at a lower quality, but also record higher-quality video whenever an event occurs. The video is displayed in a single timeline. Merging the recording streams can make playback easier since the higher quality video is automatically displayed when an event occurs. A new Camera Settings feature allows you to create preset configurations that can be applied to cameras when they are added to Cisco VSM. Compare Two Jobs Essay! For example, you can select the Camera Setting when adding a camera manually, when the device is discovered on the network, or when adding multiple devices using a CSV file. Uprooted Essays Oscar Handlin! If the cameras are already added to Cisco VSM, use Bulk Actions to apply the Camera Settings to multiple devices.

Note Camera settings are the device-specific settings that are not included in the camera templates. Do Children Have! For example, motion detection configuration, camera tamper settings, NTP and timezone settings are all configured on americans handlin each individual device. Cisco VSM can recover motion, Camera Apps, and Contact Closure events that occur when a camera is disconnected from the compare Cisco Media Server. This feature is supported on Cisco 3xxx, 6xxx, 7xxx, 36xx, 66xx, 69xx, and uprooted oscar handlin 28xx cameras. See the Cisco Video Surveillance Operations Manager User Guide for more information about the following improvements. Alert Emails (Notification Policies) can now be sent for logic and critical online, security events, such as soft trigger, motion, contact open/close, etc. Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) is supported for backup and oscar upgrade operations. Connected Edge Storage—You can now automatically copy video from a camera’s SD card to the Media Server when an and critical online course event occurs. For example, when the action for uprooted, an event is “Record for some time”, video for each event is automatically saved to the camera storage (such as an SD card) and to the Media Server.

This feature is supported on Cisco cameras running firmware release 2.7.0. Ezra Essays! Base Layer Maps—Maps are displayed in Cisco VSM when a user clicks a location. Typically, these images are provided by a mapping service (such as Mapquest) configured in Cisco VSM. Uprooted Essays To Honor Handlin! If your deployment does not have access to the public Internet, or if you prefer not to use a mapping service, you can now manually add the ezra pound base and location map images. Pruning Events and uprooted to honor oscar handlin Logs—Old records (such as Events, Alerts and essay opbygning Audit logs) can now be pruned to remove unneeded information and free up disk space. (refer Page 19-39 in VSOM guide). Preserve MS IP on camera delete—Cameras can be configured with a “Preferred Media Server List” for uprooted essays to honor handlin, use in camera discovery.

Auto Create Map Markers —A camera marker can be automatically created on the location map when a camera is manually added or imported from a CSV file. Replace Configuration can be applied using Bulk Actions on multiple cameras. Essays! Connected Device—The hardware port that the camera is connected to (such as a network switch) is displayed to verify and locate Cisco cameras in the network. This information is available only for Cisco cameras that support CDP neighbor discovery. This information is not displayed for uprooted essays to honor handlin, non-Cisco cameras. A new alert is ezra, displayed if any media repository goes down or offline. Cisco VSM Release 7.7.0 is pre-installed on americans to honor handlin new servers, can be installed as a virtual machine, or used to upgrade an existing deployment. Table 2 Cisco VSM Installation and Upgrade Options. Release 7.7.0 is pre-installed in new installations on the Cisco Connected Safety and Security UCS Platform Series servers, including the following: CPS-UCS-1RU-K9 and CPS-UCS-2RU-K9. CPS-UCSM4-1RU-K9 and CPS-UCSM4-2RU-K9.

Upgrade from on society Release 7.5 or 7.6. Upgrades can be performed on Cisco VSM virtual machines (VMs) and on americans Cisco Video Surveillance servers. Supported servers include: Cisco Physical Security Platform (CPS-MSP-1RU-K9 CPS-MSP-2RU-K9) Cisco Connected Safety and Security UCS Platform Series. Note The CIVS platform is not supported and cannot be upgraded to VSM 7.7. For previous releases, upgrade to 7.5 or 7.6 first, and do children have too much homework then upgrade to the latest release. Virtual Machine (OVA templates) An.OVA template file is used to install a new virtual machine (VM) instance of the server.

After an.OVA virtual machine is installed, you can use the Cisco VSM Management Console to perform future upgrades of the system software. See the following for more information: Cisco Connected Safety and Security UCS Platform Series Servers (Release 7.2 and uprooted americans essays to honor oscar Higher) Cisco VSM Release 7.7.0 is pre-installed on new installations of the Cisco Connected Safety and Security UCS Platform Series when ordered with the Cisco VSM software installed. – CPS-UCS-1RU-K9 and CPS-UCS-2RU-K9. – CPS-UCSM4-1RU-K9 and CPS-UCSM4-2RU-K9. Upgrading from Previous Cisco VSM Releases. Cisco VSM can be upgraded using a .zip upgrade file that includes all required software packages.

Installing the .zip file upgrades all components and ensures that all packages are running the required versions. Release 7.5 and later—Use the thinking online Software Management page on the browser-based Operations Manager to upgrade all of the servers in uprooted americans essays oscar handlin, your deployment. Release 7.2 and earlier—Upgrades to release 7.7 are supported only from essay opbygning p engelsk releases 7.5.x and 7.6. To upgrade from an earlier release, you must first upgrade to 7.5 or 7.6, and then upgrade to 7.7. Note Upgrades from essays to honor oscar handlin Release 7.2 and earlier are performed using the Management Console. See Cisco Video Surveillance Management Console Administration Guide for on society, your release.

Clear the cache in each user’s web browser after upgrading Cisco VSM. Uprooted Essays To Honor! If not cleared, the browser may attempt to use outdated content and display the error message “Operation failed: Authentication failed, this request is not allowed” until the page is essays, refreshed. Always upgrade using the Cisco VSM user-interfaces. Do not perform the americans to honor upgrade using the Linux CLI. Release 7.0 was pre-installed on the Cisco Multiservices Platform (Cisco MSP) servers, including the essays on society CPS-MSP-1RU-K9, CPS-MSP-2RU-K9, CIVS-MSP-1RU, CIVS-MSP-2RU and uprooted americans to honor CIVS-MSP-4RU. Release 7.2 to opbygning p engelsk, Release 7.7 is pre-installed on the Cisco Connected Safety and Security UCS Platform Series (CPS-UCS-1RU-K9 and americans to honor CPS-UCS-2RU-K9). Release 7.7 is also pre-installed on the CPS-UCSM4-1RU-K9 and CPS-UCSM4-2RU-K9 servers. Release 7.7—The CIVS platform is not supported and cannot be upgraded to VSM 7.7 Virtual Machine (VM) installations can also be upgraded using the Cisco VSM Management Console. You can also create a bootable USB flash drive that can be used to recover an installation or perform a a factory installation of Cisco VSM 7 on a supported physical server that shipped with Cisco VSM 7 pre-installed. This includes: Release 7.7.0 and higher—Cisco Connected Safety and essays on society Security UCS series servers CPS-UCSM4-1RU-K9 and uprooted americans essays to honor oscar handlin CPS-UCSM4-2RU-K9.

Release 7.2.0 and higher—Cisco Connected Safety and Security UCS series servers CPS-UCS-1RU-K9 and thinking CPS-UCS-2RU-K9. Release 7.0.0—Cisco Physical Security Multiservices platform servers (CPS-MSP-1RU-K9, CPS-MSP-2RU-K9) shipped with Cisco VSM 7.0. Release 6.3.2—Cisco Physical Security Multiservices platform servers (CIVS-MSP-1RU, CIVS-MSP-2RU and CIVS-MSP-4RU) For more information, see the following documents: Release 7.6 and higher. Release 7.5 and lower. Cisco Video Surveillance Manager release 7.7 resolves CSCur71072, the vulnerability to CVE-2014-3566- Poodle. Cisco recommends that you upgrade to this latest release. Information about americans essays handlin this vulnerability, and the affected versions, can be found at https://www.openssl.org/news/vulnerabilities.html . Clear Browser Cache after Upgrading.

Clear the cache in each user’s web browser after upgrading Cisco VSM. If not cleared, the browser may attempt to use outdated content and display the error message “Operation failed: Authentication failed, this request is essay p engelsk, not allowed” until the essays to honor oscar page is refreshed. This feature automatically copies video from the camera’s SD card to the Cisco Media Server when an event occurs. Essays! The video from the essays to honor handlin time of the event is recorded directly on the Media Server, while the prebuffer video is copied from the camera SD card to essay opbygning, the Media Server. There is a limit on the number of such events the Media Server can simultaneously process. Before implementing this feature, we recommend that the uprooted americans oscar handlin area being monitoring not have high (frequent) activity.

You should also limit the total number of principals resume, cameras on which this feature is enabled, or the Media Server can become overloaded with too many simultaneous copy requests from the cameras. When “Smart Stream Selection” recording is enabled, the option for americans essays to honor oscar handlin, “iFrame only for H264/MPEG” is not supported. Have! If any overlapping recordings occur, only the image from Stream A will be displayed. All Event Triggers are supported (such as soft triggers, motion start, etc). Video clips (such as virtual clips and MP4 clips) can be created from merged streams. If the americans to honor oscar codec changes during the compare two jobs clip segment, only uprooted essays, virtual clips can be created.

Codec changes are indicated by a small red triangle on the timeline in the Operations Manager. The triangle is not displayed in Cisco SASD. The Stream B grooming is p engelsk, most effective if the event recording on Stream A is at least 10 minutes long. To Honor Oscar! Event recordings with a duration 5 minutes or less will not conserve storage. – When “Smart Stream Selection” is enabled, stream A cannot be configured for Continuous Recording or Record on Motion and Continuous Recording for 24x7 recording. When “Smart Stream Selection” is enabled, stream A and stream B cannot have the same event types. For example, stream A and B cannot both be configured for motion recording. Metadata generation is essays, not supported when ‘Smart Stream Selection’ is uprooted to honor oscar handlin, enabled.

Upgrading Operations Manager HA Servers. When upgrading Cisco VSM Operations Manager servers from do children have too much release 7.6 to 7.7 that are in a high availability (HA) configuration, do not manually restart or reboot the servers until both servers have been fully upgraded. Restarting or rebooting the server can cause the previously uploaded software image to be lost, which requires that the handlin software image be uploaded again to resume, the Operations Manager server. “Synchronization was not successful” Error Message. When using synchronization mode in Cisco SASD there are some special cases where synchronization will not succeed. This can happen when there are multiple archives being synchronized and one of the archives starts before others.

Cisco SASD will show this on the timeline display as a dotted area where not all the uprooted essays to honor handlin archives have video and a green area where there is video in all of the archives. Sometimes, when seeking to video in the dotted area at the end of ezra essays, one of archives, you may see a pop-up message that says: “Synchronization was not successful. You have passed the americans essays oscar handlin end of an essays on society archive where no video is available. Please seek to a new time” . If this occurs, seek to a time in the green area of the timeline and americans play forward to essays, resume synchronized playback. The following sections provide information about the devices that this version of Cisco VSM supports:

Table 3 through Table 8 provide information about americans essays to honor oscar Cisco devices supported in this release: Table 3 Cisco 2400/2500, 2600, 2800, and do children have too much homework 2900 Series. 1. The minimum firmware is required for essays oscar, video streaming and recording functionality. The latest firmware may be required to support new features, as indicated in the feature columns or descriptions. For more information, including caveats and supported features, see the pound release notes for the camera model and americans essays handlin firmware version.

3. Phases 1 - 3 (Phase 3 requires firmware 2.0.0-175) Table 4 Cisco 3000 Series. 4. Essays! The minimum firmware is required for video streaming and oscar recording functionality. The latest firmware may be required to support new features, as indicated in the feature columns or descriptions. For more information, including caveats and supported features, see the release notes for the camera model and ezra essays firmware version. 5. Phases 1 - 3 (Phase 3 requires firmware 2.0.0-175) Table 5 Cisco 4000 Series and 5000 Series. 6. The minimum firmware is uprooted essays, required for video streaming and recording functionality.

The latest firmware may be required to support new features, as indicated in the feature columns or descriptions. For more information, including caveats and principals supported features, see the release notes for uprooted, the camera model and thinking online course firmware version. Table 6 Cisco 6000 Series. 8. The minimum firmware is required for video streaming and recording functionality. To Honor Handlin! The latest firmware may be required to support new features, as indicated in the feature columns or descriptions. For more information, including caveats and supported features, see the release notes for the camera model and firmware version. 9. Phases 1 - 3 (Phase 3 requires firmware 2.0.0-175)

Table 7 Cisco 7000 Series. 10. The minimum firmware is required for ezra pound, video streaming and recording functionality. The latest firmware may be required to support new features, as indicated in uprooted americans oscar handlin, the feature columns or descriptions. For more information, including caveats and and critical thinking online course supported features, see the release notes for the camera model and firmware version. 11. Uprooted Americans Essays To Honor Handlin! Phases 1 - 3 (Phase 3 requires firmware 2.0.0-175) Table 8 Cisco CIVS-SENC-4P and CIVS-SENC-8P. H.264 MPEG-4 MJPEG. H.264 MPEG-4 MJPEG.

12. The minimum firmware is two jobs essay, required for video streaming and recording functionality. The latest firmware may be required to uprooted americans essays handlin, support new features, as indicated in the feature columns or descriptions. Compare Two Jobs! For more information, including caveats and supported features, see the release notes for the camera model and americans essays to honor oscar handlin firmware version. Additional Notes on Cisco Devices. Cisco 4500 and 4500E support video analytics. Essays On Society! Redundancy is supported for uprooted essays to honor oscar handlin, all Cisco devices some exceptions for compare essay, the 2400, 2500, 2900 and essays oscar 5000 series.

The 2400, 2500, 2900 and 5000 series do not support sending events to principals, the redundant server such motion detection and uprooted americans essays to honor handlin contact closure events. Cisco 5000 series does not support motion detection at video bit-rates above 4,000 (4 Mbps). The “H” video preset in Templates has been chosen to p engelsk, not exceed this, so motion detection will work. The Cisco 5000 and americans essays to honor handlin 2900 camera series do not allow changes to the authentication settings (username/password) or networking settings (DHCP/Static, DNS, etc.) through Cisco VSM. These values can only be changed using the camera web interfaces. Focus, Auto Focus and Zoom support are not available for Cisco 6000P, 3421V, 3520, 3530, 3535, and 3050 camera models. When Cisco VSM manages a Cisco 6930, 2830, or 2835 camera, it automatically enables the HTTP protocol on the camera and uses this protocol to send PTZ commands to principals, the camera. Other configuration commands continue to use the HTTPS protocol. The Cisco 2830, 2835, 3000 series, 6000 series and 7030 cameras now support MJPEG primary streams. Cisco 3421V and 6050 cameras does not support Contact Closure, Cisco 7030 camera supports 3 input ports. All other Cisco 3000, 6000 series cameras support 1 input port.

In PTZ Tour Configuration, the americans configured transition time configured includes the time that it takes the camera to compare two jobs essay, move from the uprooted essays one preset position to essay opbygning p engelsk, the next preset position in addition to the time that the uprooted americans to honor oscar handlin camera is expected to stay in the preset position. If the transition time is configured to a value that is online, less than the time that it takes the americans essays camera to move from one preset position to the next, the camera moves between the first and compare two jobs second presets positions only, instead of uprooted essays to honor handlin, touring between all preset positions that are configured in the tour. The minimum firmware version required to support camera applications is 2.5.0-10. Compare Two Jobs Essay! The minimum firmware version required to support connected edge storage is americans oscar, 2.0. Table 9 provides information about Arecont devices that this Cisco VSM release supports. Table 9 Supported Arecont Cameras. 4 Sensor 2MP Panoramic IP Camera. 4 Sensor 2MP Panoramic IP Camera. 4 Sensor 3MP Panoramic IP Camera. 4 Sensor 5MP Panoramic Camera.

4 Sensor 5MP Panoramic Camera. Additional Notes on Arecont Devices. AV20185, AV20365, AV12186, AV8365 and AV8185 are 4-channel IP cameras. In order to and critical online, support multiple video channels from a single device, Cisco VSM 7 models these devices as “Encoders”. Arecont devices have not yet been qualified to support redundancy in Cisco VSM 7. Secondary streams are not supported in H, M, L template settings for uprooted to honor handlin, Arecont Devices. However secondary stream can be configured using Custom templates. Arecont cameras divide the Maximum FPS the camera supports by the number of streams. This could result in principals resume, lower FPS when both primary and secondary streams are configured for these cameras. Uprooted Essays To Honor Handlin! Arecont AV10XX5, AV5115, AV2115 support VBR and multicast streaming.

There is a restriction with motion detection for Arecont multi-sensor cameras. False motion events are generated if both half and full resolution size images are requested simultaneously using Cisco VSM or Arecont Camera Web Interface or a third party Media Player. Table 10 provides information about Axis devices that this Cisco VSM release supports. Table 10 Supported Axis Devices. Additional Notes on Axis Devices. Axis P3301 IP camera and Q7401, Q7404, and Q7406 encoders have been qualified to support redundancy in Cisco VSM 7.0.1.

Axis 233D supports contact closure configuration and events. Support for 0.1fps MJPEG stream for all supported Axis models. The following table documents the various Field-Of-Views supported for the Axis M3007 panoramic cameras and support for do children too much, PTZ and Motion Detection for these Field-Of-Views. Table 11 Axis M3007 Options. Panoramic view (180 degree view) Double Panoramic view(2 panoramic view of 180 degree) Quad view (view area 1,2,3,4) The Axis M3007 camera allows the user to configure various mounting options directly in the camera web interface that affects the uprooted americans possible values for Field-Of-Views that can be configured on have homework the camera. The table below provides this mapping: Table 12 Axis M3007 Field-Of-View Options.

360 Degree View. Double Panoramic View. Table 13 provides information about IQinVision devices that this Cisco VSM release supports. Table 13 Supported IQinVision Devices. Additional Notes on uprooted americans oscar IQinVision Devices. IQinVision devices have not yet been qualified to support redundancy in Cisco VSM 7. Support configuring NTP on the IQinVision cameras to synchronize with their Cisco VSM Media Server.

Added support for Firmware upgrade for all supported models. Added support for principals, Camera Discovery for essays to honor handlin, H.264 models. Table 14 provides information about Mobotix devices that this Cisco VSM release supports. Table 14 Supported Mobotix Devices. Additional Notes on Mobotix Devices.

Moboitx M10 and D10 IP cameras running with M10 series firmware work with the x10 Model. Mobotix devices are not qualified to support redundancy in Cisco VSM 7. Table 15 provides information about logic and critical thinking online Panasonic devices that this Cisco VSM release supports. Table 15 Supported Panasonic Devices. Additional Notes on Panasonic Devices. Panasonic devices have not yet been qualified to support redundancy in Cisco VSM 7. Only same field of views can be configured on primary and secondary streams on Panasonic cameras SW458/SF438. The following table documents the various Field-Of-Views supported for the Panasonic SF 458 and uprooted essays to honor SF 438 panoramic cameras and support for PTZ and Motion Detection for compare two jobs essay, these Field-Of-Views. Table 16 Panasonic SF 458 and americans essays to honor oscar SF 438 Field-Of-Views Support.

Panasonic SW458 and SF438. Panoramic 360 degree view. Double Panorama view(2 panoramic view of 180 degree) Panorama view (180 degree view) Only with View Area 1.

Table 17 provides information about Pelco devices that this release supports. Table 17 Supported Pelco Devices. Pelco Spectra IV TXB IP (MPEG4) Additional Notes on two jobs Pelco Devices. Pelco devices have not yet been qualified to support Redundancy in Cisco VSM 7. Americans Essays To Honor Oscar Handlin! Audio volume controls are not supported for NET540XT For Pelco NET540xT PTZ to work, the analog camera should be chosen as Pelco Analog Camera (pelco_sarix) in Operations Manager and not as Pelco D. The user needs to directly configure the Serial protocol on the Pelco NET540XT encoder outside of Cisco VSM. Logic And Critical Online! The Pelco Spectra IV TXB-N (H.264 capable model) run Pelco Sarix firmware and can be supported in essays to honor oscar handlin, Cisco VSM as a Pelco Sarix Generic IP camera (additional details in the Generic IP camera section). Table 18 provides information about Sony devices that this release supports. Table 18 Supported Sony Devices. H.264 MPEG-4 MJPEG.

H.264 MPEG-4 MJPEG. H.264 MPEG-4 MJPEG. Additional Notes on Sony Devices. Sony devices have not yet been qualified to support redundancy in essay opbygning, Cisco VSM 7. These Sony devices do not support motion detection with the H.264 media type. The Sony SNC-RX5x0 cameras stop streaming video when the Object Detection window is opened in the camera’s web interface.

For Sony HM662 Panoramic camera, only the americans essays handlin 360 degree view is supported. De-warped views are not supported. Supported Devices: Generic IP Cameras. Cisco VSM Release 7.7.0 provides the following device drivers to support IP cameras from various vendors. The functionality they support will depend on the particular device that they are used with. They are intended to provide a quick and easy way to support devices for which there isn’t yet a specific driver available for do children have too much homework, Cisco VSM. Since these drivers may not be tested with a specific device, some issues may be encountered. When using these drivers with a device, failover and redundancy are not supported. Note The vendor specific generic driver should always be used before a non-vendor specific driver such as ONVIF. Table 19 Supported Generic Devices. H.264 MPEG-4 MJPEG.

3.0 / Firmware 5.x. 2.0 / Firmware 4.3. Arecont Non Panoramic Models. Only IP cameras with Sarix Firmware. 6th Generation IP cameras. 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th generation Sony IP cameras. H.264, MPEG-4, MJPEG. Supports only IP Cameras, no support for Encoders No Motion Detection support No contact closure support Multicast streaming is supported only for the primary stream Multicast port must be an uprooted americans essays oscar even number within the range 16000:19999 Audio Multicast issues are observed on ezra pound essays most of the ONVIF cameras. Hence do not enable audio when multicast is enabled for video.

Capture Mode on the camera cannot be changed using ONVIF APIs. So, it is americans oscar, assumed that the camera is in the desired capture mode before adding it to VSOM using ONVIF. Device Specific Limitations. This ONVIF driver has been tested with a limited number of camera models from Axis, Sony, Panasonic, Bosch, Pelco, Samsung, J2000IP, Hikvision and Cohu. Essays! We have found that these cameras have some variations in how they have implemented the ONVIF specification. Hence there may be compatibility issues when using this ONVIF driver with a particular device that is ONVIF compliant. Some of the known caveats are listed below: ONVIF user account—Some Axis cameras require a special ONVIF user account, which can be created on uprooted americans oscar the camera's web interface before adding an AXIS ONVIF camera to the VSOM.

This page is at two jobs essay Setup -- System Options -- Security -- ONVIF -- Add Camera and VSMS (Media Server) Time Synchronization—ONVIF camera and VSMS server to which ONVIF camera is being added should have their time synchronized ideally using NTP. Codec Change through VSOM—Hikvision camera requires a reboot after the codec is changed from VSOM. Megapixel Mode setting on the camera SND-7080 To support the resolutions (1600*1200) and uprooted americans to honor oscar handlin (2048*1536), change the Megapixel Mode to 3-Megapixel in opbygning, the following page on the camera browser: Settings - Audio Video - video profile - Megapixel mode. Enable Authentication on uprooted essays to honor the camera before adding it to VSOM In the camera browser, go to Camera Setup - Configuration - User Settings. Do Children Homework! Select User and enable “Require Password” field. Media Transport Type— Only UDP is supported.

Streaming fails if TCP is selected. Unsupported Resolutions —Streaming fails for the resolutions 176*144, 176*120, 160*120 Codec Change through VSOM— Switching from H264 to JPEG or vice-versa requires a camera reboot. And camera needs to be deleted and uprooted americans essays to honor oscar handlin added in VSOM after camera is up. Ezra Pound! Support for to honor handlin, Audio— Camera does not support ONVIF Audio. Frame rate— Only Framerate 30 is supported Dual Streaming— Secondary configuration overwrites the primary configuration.

So, dual streaming is not supported on Bosch cameras using ONVIF. Capture Mode Setting— If the camera is added in VSOM using Multicast, changing the capture mode on the camera browser manually causes the two jobs essay streaming to fail. After this, only the unicast streaming works User Authentication— User Authentication should be enabled in the camera browser as follows - Setup - User mng - User auth. Choose ON for americans essays to honor handlin, User auth. Media Transport Type— Only UDP is ezra pound, supported. Streaming fails if TCP is selected Support for Audio— Camera does not support ONVIF Audio Set Configuration Issues — Camera returns success even if one or more of the parameters are not valid for that camera/video stream.

ONVIF profile gets updated with values but Camera still uses the previous correct value. Uprooted Handlin! Recommend to configure only the values as allowed in the camera browser. Logic Online Course! Support for Password change on the camera— Camera does not support password change for uprooted americans oscar handlin, the administrator users using ONVIF API. This Cisco VSM release provides support for the following analog cameras. Table 20 Supported Devices: Analog Cameras. Generic Pelco P. Pelco Analog Camera. Encoder Dependent (for use with only PelcoNET540xT encoders)

Notes on Cyberdome devices. The Cyberdome I and Cyberdome II devices also have On Screen Display Menu support. Device Models Validated in Cisco VSM as Generic IP Cameras. The camera models listed in Table 21 have been tested with VSM 7.7 as generic IP cameras. Table 21 Supported Generic IP Cameras. Axis VAPIX 2.0 /Firmware 4.3. Axis VAPIX 3.0/Firmware 5.x. Axis VAPIX 3.0/Firmware 5.x. Axis VAPIX 3.0/Firmware 5.x.

H.264, MPEG4, MJPEG. Pelco IDS0DN-AD AURX7. Sony 2nd, 3rd, 4th and and critical thinking course 5th generation Sony IP cameras. H.264, MPEG4, MJPEG. Sony 6th Generation IP cameras VMxxx and VBxxx. You can create and uprooted americans to honor view video clips using the following Cisco VSM applications: Table 22 Video Clip Support.

Cisco VSM Operations Manager. Cisco VSM Federator. Cisco SASD Federator. Cisco VSM Review Player. 13.

MP4 clips are saved to the Media Server and play immediately after being downloaded to the monitoring PC. Third-party video players (such as VLC media player TM ) can also be used to view MP4 clips. 14. Create MP4 clips using the Federator Thumbnail Search. 15. Federator clips must be downloaded and played using either Cisco Review Player or VLC. 16. Double-click the virtual clip in Federator Clip Search to launch the player. 17. SASD allows CVA clipping for on society, multi-pane in Sync Mode only. 18.

Thumbnail Search supports MP4 clip creation only. 19. Americans Essays To Honor! Thumbnail Search supports MP4 clip creation only. 20. Two Jobs! Cisco video archive (CVA) files can only be opened in uprooted americans oscar handlin, applications that support the CVA format (such as the Cisco Review Player). Note When converting a virtual clip to compare essay, an MP4 file, only the entire duration of the americans essays to honor oscar virtual clip can be saved, not a segment. Obtaining and Installing Licenses. To install a license, purchase the license and obtain the license file, then upload the file to the Operations Manager. Table 23 lists the part numbers for essay, the Cisco VSM licenses. Multiple camera and VSMS licenses can be included in uprooted americans, a single license file.

For example, a single license file might include support for 25 additional cameras and two additional VSMS devices. Table 23 License Part Numbers. Physical Server Licenses (for Server Services) License for 1 Media Server on a physical server (Cisco UCS or MSP) License for 1 Operations Manager on a physical server (Cisco UCS or MSP) eDelivery license for and critical thinking course, 1 Media Server on americans essays to honor handlin a physical server (Cisco UCS or MSP) Virtual Machine (VM) Licenses (for Server Services) eDelivery license for two jobs essay, one Media Server on a VM running on a Cisco UCS B Series. eDelivery license for one Operations Manager on a VM running on americans essays to honor oscar a Cisco UCS B Series. eDelivery license for two jobs, one Media Server on to honor oscar a VM running on compare a Cisco UCS C Series. eDelivery license for americans to honor handlin, one Operations Manager on a VM running on a Cisco UCS C Series. eDelivery license for one Media Server on a VM running on opbygning a Cisco UCS E-Series. eDelivery license for one Operations Manager on a VM running on a Cisco UCS E-Series.

Cisco VSM Federator Licenses. eDelivery license for uprooted oscar handlin, one base Cisco VSM 7 Federator. eDelivery license for one Operations Manager in Federator. eDelivery license for one Operations Manager Express in Federator. Cisco SASD Licenses. eDelivery license for logic online course, 1 SASD with Cisco VSM 7. eDelivery license for 1 camera connection with Cisco VSM 7. Camera App Licenses. Note The following licenses are used when managing Camera Apps using Cisco VSM Operations Manager. These licenses are different than those used when installing and managing the Camera Apps directly on the device (using the americans oscar handlin device UI). Car Alarm Detection Application for Cisco IP Cameras for VSM. Glass Break Detection App for Cisco IP Cameras for VSM.

Gun Shot Detection Application for essays on society, Cisco IP Cameras for VSM. Tier 1 Cisco Application for americans essays to honor, Cisco IP Cameras for VSM. Tier 2 Cisco Application for Cisco IP Cameras for essays on society, VSM. Tier 1 Cisco IP Camera Intuvision Video Analytic App for VSM. A license for uprooted americans essays oscar handlin, 10,000 Cisco cameras is have homework, included by default (you do not need to purchase and uprooted oscar handlin install an have additional license for Cisco cameras).

You can add 1 Media Server and 10 non-Cisco cameras without a license for initial setup purposes only. Uprooted Handlin! This feature is essays on society, removed when you add any permanent license. Step 1 Purchase additional licenses: a. Determine the part number for americans essays oscar handlin, the license you want to purchase (see Table 23 ). b. Purchase the license by compare contacting your Cisco sales representative or any Cisco reseller. For more information, visit http://www.cisco.com/en/US/ordering/index.shtml . c. When the purchase is complete, you are issued a Product Authorization Key (PAK) in uprooted americans to honor, paper form, or in compare essay, an e-mail message. Step 2 Obtain the license file: a. Americans Essays Oscar! Locate the Product Authorization Key (PAK) that was created with the purchase. b. In a web browser, open the Cisco Product License Registration web page. c. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the form and enter the Product Authorization Key (PAK). When you are done, a license file with the extension .lic is sent to your e-mail address. d. Transfer the logic thinking file to the drive of the PC used for the configuration.

Step 3 Install the license file in Cisco VSM: a. Log in to the Operations Manager. b. Select System Settings Software Licensing . c. Click Add and select the license file located on your local drive. d. Click Save to install the file and activate the additional capacity. The additional capacity is available immediately. Uprooted Americans Oscar! You do not need to restart the server or take additional steps. Understanding the Cisco VSM Software Types.

Table 24 describes the two jobs different types of software and firmware that are installed on servers, cameras, and encoders. Table 24 Cisco VSM Software Types. System software denotes the Cisco VSM software, including Media Server, Operations Manager, Cisco VSM Management Console, Safety and Security Desktop and Multipane clients. All servers running the Operations Manager and associated Media Server services must run the same software version. Use the Operations Manager to uprooted oscar, update the System Software on essays all servers (such as Media Servers) associated with the Operations Manager. Americans Essays To Honor Oscar! See the Cisco Video Surveillance Operations Manager User Guide for instructions. The Operations Manager and resume all associated servers must run the americans to honor oscar handlin same system software version. To update a Federator server, log in to the Federator server Management Console.

See the Cisco Video Surveillance Operations Manager User Guide for do children have homework, instructions. Essays To Honor Handlin! To repair or restore the Cisco VSM system software, see the Cisco Video Surveillance Manager Recovery Guide for your hardware platform. For VM installations, see the Cisco Video Surveillance Virtual Machine Deployment and Recovery Guide for UCS Platforms ). (for VM installations) OVF template files are used to install the system software as a virtual machine (VM) on a supported Cisco Unified Computing System (UCS) platform. OVA template files are downloaded from the Cisco website. The file format is .ova.

For example: Cisco_VSM-7.2.0-331d_ucs-bc.ova See the Cisco Video Surveillance Virtual Machine Deployment and Recovery Guide for principals resume, UCS Platforms for instructions to install the uprooted to honor oscar .ova image and essay perform the uprooted americans essays to honor oscar handlin initial VM setup. After the VM setup is complete, use the Management Console to have, complete the configuration. USB Recovery Disk image. Use the USB Recovery Disk image to create a Cisco VSM 7 Recovery Flash Drive (for example, on a USB stick). Uprooted Americans Essays! The recovery disk can be used do the following: Repair: reinstalls the Operating System files and partitions without erasing video files stored on the server. You must backup the Cisco VSM database before using the recovery image, and then restore the compare essay database after the americans recovery process is complete. This action also preserves the RAID configuration. Factory Restore: Restores the server to its factory default settings, reinstalls the have operating system, and uprooted essays oscar handlin clears and reconfigures the RAID. This action deletes all data, configurations, software and video files from the appliance, and then reinstalls the operating system and Cisco VSM software.

Perform this procedure only essay opbygning, if necessary. Device firmware is provided by the device manufacturer. Americans Handlin! The firmware for Cisco devices can be upgraded using Operations Manager. Firmware for other manufacturers is upgraded using a direct connection. See the “Upgrading Camera and logic and critical thinking online course Encoder Driver Firmware” section of the Cisco Video Surveillance Operations Manager User Guide for uprooted americans essays, instructions to upgrade Cisco device firmware, or refer to the device documentation. Device driver packs. Device driver packs are the software packages used by Media Servers and two jobs essay the Operations Manager to interoperate with video devices, such as cameras.

Driver packs are included with the Cisco VSM software, or may be added to a server at a later time to add support for americans essays handlin, new devices or features. Install new driver packs to add support for do children have too much, additional devices. Upgrade existing driver packs to enable support for new features. Note We strongly recommend upgrading driver packs using the Operations Manager interface (see the “Driver Pack Management” section of the Cisco Video Surveillance Operations Manager User Guide ). This allows you to upgrade multiple servers at once. Driver packs must be upgraded to uprooted to honor handlin, the same version on each server where the Media Server and essays Operations Manager services are enabled or a driver pack mismatch error occurs. Templates cannot be revised when a driver pack mismatch error is uprooted oscar handlin, present. Language packs can be added to do children have, display the Cisco VSM user interfaces in non-English languages.

Language packs are added using the Operations Manager (release 7.6 and higher). See the Cisco Video Surveillance Operations Manager User Guide for instructions. Complete the essays oscar handlin following procedure to essay p engelsk, obtain software and other information for the Cisco VSM products and components: Step 3 Select a product category. For example: Video Surveillance Device Driver Video Surveillance Manager Stand-alone Tools Video Surveillance Media Server Software (including system software)

Step 4 Select the uprooted americans essays to honor oscar handlin release for your server, device, or deployment (Figure 1). Step 5 Click Download or Add to Cart and compare follow the onscreen instructions. Figure 1 Download Software Page. You can also navigate the Cisco Physical Security product pages to download software updates and other information: Step 1 Go to the following URL. Step 2 Click View All Physical Security Products. Step 3 Click IP Video Surveillance. Step 4 Click Cisco Video Surveillance Manager. Step 5 Click Download Software for this Product . Step 6 Click a Software Type and to honor handlin follow the onscreen instructions. For example: Video Surveillance Media Server Software (Figure 1). Step 7 Select the release for your server, device, or deployment.

Step 8 Click Download or Add to Cart and follow the opbygning onscreen instructions. This section includes the following topics: Using the Software Bug Search Tool. You can use the Bug Search Tool to uprooted to honor oscar handlin, find information about most caveats for Cisco VSM releases, including a description of the problems and available workarounds. The Bug Search Tool lists both open and resolved caveats. To access Bug Search Tool, you need the following items: Internet connection Web browser Cisco.com user ID and password. To use the Software Bug Search Tool, follow these steps: Step 2 Log in with your Cisco.com user ID and password. Step 3 To look for information about a specific problem, enter the two jobs bug ID number in uprooted essays to honor handlin, the Search for field.

Table 25 lists caveats that are open in this release. Table 25 Open Caveats. Potential Deadlock In DeviceState Code. Incorrect playhead position when go through archive and change timespan. Httpserver was slow to principals resume, start after upgrade. MS not report live motion start to VSOM consistently. 3xxx/6xxx/6930- Audio may go out of sync relative to video. Camera tampered events timestamp not reflect real time of event. Sometimes SASD Light crashes during failover/failback(vsmc70Rt.dll)

Wall displays the uprooted oscar empty panes after failover/failback. SASD: Sync, all cams play recording although some 2nd stream has no recording. ERA Usability: Timeline does not 'follow' the clicked Event. SASD exposes un-permitted options to the user, causing errs exceptions. Video display area goes blank in sync mode after pausing for longtime. Economical streaming: Multiple bursts of event may delay record on event. Http core file when camera/server habe identical IP address. Smooth video does not work in saved view when secondary stream option is selected. Missing playhead stopped Clock after getting 'no prior events' message. Thumbnails/create Clip w.long name fails: MS unable to parse ingress XML.

Merge: After updating stream A and B, reverse play during update stops playing. MergeRec: Step reverse through jpeg stream1 thru' 2 rec, stops playing. MediaOut core dmp files after SASD Sync/UnSync at do children have too much homework beginning of uprooted americans oscar, stream. Loading a camera takes long time in SASD. No Rec for selected stream at opbygning SeekTo time, but timeline painted in Green. ES+Merge: Clip failure.Cannot determine recording history for recording. Table 26 Resolved Caveats. RHEL6 servers affected by POODLE ssl vulnerability.

Upgrade status not displayed when upgraded from 7.2.X and 7.5.X to uprooted to honor, 7.6. Upgrade from resume 7.5.X -7.6 total number of essays to honor oscar, steps incorrect in p engelsk, UpgradeStatus. VSOM HA:Master VSOM status is partial after cisco restart. During Upgrade, after Force Failover, both vsom_ha server are StandBy. Scheduled backups failing when none are configured. Entries of Soft deleted cams are duplicated when MS sync’s with VSOM. Backup of VSOM fails while upgrading from 722 to 7.6. VSOMHA tab disappear from VSOM WEBUI server page. Occasionally saving Adv.PTZ setting makes page look disabled; err in log. Unable to remove DNS server entry from VSOM/CDAF.

Time out americans essays to honor handlin error seen when upgrading firware of resume, multiple cameras. Due to Synch err, cameras are not pulled into VSOM. No error message, when Custom Event/Soft Trigger is added in Maint. Mode. config mismatch happens when setting ntp server mode to automatic. After upgrade from 7.2.1 to 7.6, IQinVision camera goes critical. Pacemaker alert not cleared after replaceHAconfig. VSOM HA, after FO - cannot add MS or cameras due to to honor oscar, license issue.

See the following locations for the most current information and documentation: Descriptions and links to Cisco Video Surveillance documentation, server and storage platform documentation, and other related documentation. Cisco Physical Security Product Information: Cisco Video Surveillance Manager Documentation Website.

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For advice, we turned to visiting blogger Jonathan Reider, director of college counseling at San Francisco University High School, who before that was the uprooted americans oscar, senior associate director of admissions (and humanities instructor) at Stanford University. Logic Online Course? He should know; he's been on both sides of the high school/college door. Here are his 10 best tips. 1. Be concise. Even though the Common Application main essay has only a suggested minimum of uprooted americans 250 words, and no upper limit, every admissions officer has a big stack to read every day; he or she expects to spend only a couple of minutes on principals resume the essay.

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If you are writing about Dickens, don't say he wrote Wuthering Heights. If you write about Nietzsche, spell his name right. 6. Be vivid. A good essay is often compared to a story: In many cases it's an anecdote of an important moment. Provide some details to help the reader see the setting. Use the names (or invent them) for the other people in the story, including your brother, teacher, or coach. This makes it all more human and americans essays to honor humane. It also shows the reader that you are thinking about essay p engelsk his or her appreciation of your writing, which is something you'll surely want to do. 7. Be likable.

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Be funny only if you think you have to. Then think again. 9. Be controversial (if you can). So many kids write bland essays that don't take a stand on anything. It is fine to write about politics, religion, something serious, as long as you are balanced and compare thoughtful. Don't pretend you have the final truth. Uprooted Essays To Honor Oscar Handlin? And don't just get up on your soapbox and logic thinking online course spout off on uprooted americans essays handlin a sensitive subject; instead, give reasons and essay opbygning p engelsk arguments for your view and consider other perspectives (if appropriate). Colleges are places for the discussion of ideas, and admissions officers look for diversity of uprooted americans oscar mind.

10. Resume? Be smart. Colleges are intellectual places, a fact they almost always keep a secret when they talk about their dorms, climbing walls, and how many sports you can play. It is helpful to show your intellectual vitality. What turns your mind on? This is not the same thing as declaring an intended major; what matters is why that subject interests you. © Copyright 2010 Professors' Guide LLC.

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case study yin stake Critics of the americans essays to honor handlin, case study method believe that the study of a small number of essay, cases can offer no grounds for establishing reliability or generality of findings. Americans Essays To Honor Oscar Handlin! Others feel that the intense exposure to study of the case biases the findings. Principals Resume! Some dismiss case study research as useful only as an exploratory tool. Americans Oscar! Yet researchers continue to use the case study research method with success in essay, carefully planned and crafted studies of real-life situations, issues, and problems. Reports on case studies from many disciplines are widely available in the literature. This paper explains how to uprooted americans to honor handlin, use the case study method and then applies the method to an example case study project designed to examine how one set of users, non-profit organizations, make use of an electronic community network. The study examines the issue of whether or not the electronic community network is have too much homework beneficial in some way to non-profit organizations and what those benefits might be. Many well-known case study researchers such as Robert E. Oscar! Stake, Helen Simons, and Robert K. Yin have written about case study research and suggested techniques for organizing and conducting the on society, research successfully.

This introduction to case study research draws upon their work and essays to honor oscar, proposes six steps that should be used: Determine and define the research questions Select the cases and determine data gathering and analysis techniques Prepare to collect the data Collect data in the field Evaluate and analyze the data Prepare the report Step 1. Determine and Define the Research Questions. The first step in case study research is to establish a firm research focus to which the too much homework, researcher can refer over the course of study of a complex phenomenon or object. The researcher establishes the focus of the study by uprooted essays oscar forming questions about the situation or problem to be studied and logic thinking, determining a purpose for the study. The research object in americans essays to honor oscar, a case study is logic and critical thinking online often a program, an entity, a person, or a group of people. Each object is likely to be intricately connected to uprooted americans, political, social, historical, and personal issues, providing wide ranging possibilities for questions and adding complexity to the case study.

The researcher investigates the object of the case study in depth using a variety of data gathering methods to produce evidence that leads to understanding of the case and answers the research questions. Case study research generally answers one or more questions which begin with how or why. The questions are targeted to a limited number of events or conditions and their inter-relationships. To assist in targeting and formulating the questions, researchers conduct a literature review. This review establishes what research has been previously conducted and leads to pound essays, refined, insightful questions about the problem.

Careful definition of the questions at the start pinpoints where to look for evidence and helps determine the americans essays to honor handlin, methods of analysis to be used in the study. Essay Opbygning P Engelsk! The literature review, definition of the purpose of the case study, and early determination of the potential audience for the final report guide how the study will be designed, conducted, and publicly reported. Step 2. Uprooted To Honor Oscar! Select the Cases and Determine Data Gathering and Analysis Techniques. During the design phase of case study research, the two jobs, researcher determines what approaches to use in selecting single or multiple real-life cases to examine in depth and which instruments and data gathering approaches to use. When using multiple cases, each case is uprooted treated as a single case. Each case?s conclusions can then be used as information contributing to the whole study, but each case remains a single case. Exemplary case studies carefully select cases and carefully examine the choices available from among many research tools available in order to increase the validity of the study. Careful discrimination at the point of selection also helps erect boundaries around the case. The researcher must determine whether to study cases which are unique in some way or cases which are considered typical and essay, may also select cases to americans, represent a variety of geographic regions, a variety of size parameters, or other parameters. A useful step in the selection process is to course, repeatedly refer back to the purpose of the study in order to focus attention on uprooted to honor handlin, where to look for cases and evidence that will satisfy the purpose of the study and answer the research questions posed. Opbygning P Engelsk! Selecting multiple or single cases is americans handlin a key element, but a case study can include more than one unit of embedded analysis.

For example, a case study may involve study of a single industry and a firm participating in that industry. This type of case study involves two levels of analysis and increases the have too much, complexity and amount of data to be gathered and analyzed. A key strength of the americans essays to honor oscar, case study method involves using multiple sources and techniques in the data gathering process. The researcher determines in compare, advance what evidence to gather and what analysis techniques to use with the data to uprooted americans to honor, answer the research questions. Data gathered is normally largely qualitative, but it may also be quantitative. Tools to essay, collect data can include surveys, interviews, documentation review, observation, and even the americans, collection of physical artifacts.

The researcher must use the designated data gathering tools systematically and properly in collecting the principals, evidence. Essays To Honor Handlin! Throughout the design phase, researchers must ensure that the study is well constructed to ensure construct validity, internal validity, external validity, and reliability. Construct validity requires the do children have too much homework, researcher to use the correct measures for the concepts being studied. Internal validity (especially important with explanatory or causal studies) demonstrates that certain conditions lead to other conditions and requires the use of multiple pieces of evidence from uprooted americans oscar handlin multiple sources to uncover convergent lines of inquiry. The researcher strives to establish a chain of evidence forward and backward. External validity reflects whether or not findings are generalizable beyond the on society, immediate case or cases; the more variations in places, people, and procedures a case study can withstand and still yield the uprooted americans essays to honor oscar handlin, same findings, the more external validity. Techniques such as cross-case examination and within-case examination along with literature review helps ensure external validity. Reliability refers to the stability, accuracy, and precision of measurement. Exemplary case study design ensures that the procedures used are well documented and can be repeated with the same results over and over again.

Step 3. Prepare to Collect the Data. Because case study research generates a large amount of data from multiple sources, systematic organization of the data is important to prevent the and critical course, researcher from becoming overwhelmed by the amount of data and to prevent the researcher from losing sight of the original research purpose and questions. Advance preparation assists in handling large amounts of data in a documented and systematic fashion. Researchers prepare databases to assist with categorizing, sorting, storing, and retrieving data for analysis. Exemplary case studies prepare good training programs for investigators, establish clear protocols and procedures in advance of investigator field work, and conduct a pilot study in advance of moving into the field in order to remove obvious barriers and problems. The investigator training program covers the basic concepts of the study, terminology, processes, and methods, and teaches investigators how to properly apply the techniques being used in the study. The program also trains investigators to understand how the uprooted essays to honor, gathering of data using multiple techniques strengthens the study by providing opportunities for triangulation during the analysis phase of the study.

The program covers protocols for case study research, including time deadlines, formats for narrative reporting and field notes, guidelines for collection of documents, and essays, guidelines for field procedures to be used. Uprooted To Honor Oscar! Investigators need to be good listeners who can hear exactly the logic online course, words being used by those interviewed. Essays To Honor Handlin! Qualifications for investigators also include being able to ask good questions and on society, interpret answers. Good investigators review documents looking for facts, but also read between the lines and pursue collaborative evidence elsewhere when that seems appropriate. Investigators need to uprooted americans oscar, be flexible in real-life situations and not feel threatened by unexpected change, missed appointments, or lack of office space.

Investigators need to understand the purpose of the study and grasp the issues and must be open to essays on society, contrary findings. Investigators must also be aware that they are going into the world of real human beings who may be threatened or unsure of what the case study will bring. After investigators are trained, the final advance preparation step is to select a pilot site and conduct a pilot test using each data gathering method so that problematic areas can be uncovered and uprooted americans essays to honor oscar, corrected. Researchers need to anticipate key problems and events, identify key people, prepare letters of introduction, establish rules for logic thinking online course confidentiality, and actively seek opportunities to to honor, revisit and revise the two jobs essay, research design in order to address and americans essays oscar, add to the original set of research questions. 4. Collect Data in the Field. The researcher must collect and store multiple sources of evidence comprehensively and systematically, in formats that can be referenced and sorted so that converging lines of inquiry and patterns can be uncovered. Researchers carefully observe the principals, object of the case study and identify causal factors associated with the observed phenomenon. Renegotiation of essays oscar handlin, arrangements with the objects of the essays on society, study or addition of questions to interviews may be necessary as the study progresses. Americans Essays Oscar Handlin! Case study research is flexible, but when changes are made, they are documented systematically. Exemplary case studies use field notes and databases to categorize and reference data so that it is readily available for subsequent reinterpretation. Field notes record feelings and intuitive hunches, pose questions, and document the work in progress.

They record testimonies, stories, and illustrations which can be used in later reports. They may warn of have too much, impending bias because of the detailed exposure of the client to special attention, or give an uprooted oscar handlin, early signal that a pattern is emerging. They assist in determining whether or not the inquiry needs to be reformulated or redefined based on what is being observed. Field notes should be kept separate from the data being collected and stored for analysis. Maintaining the relationship between the compare two jobs, issue and the evidence is mandatory.

The researcher may enter some data into a database and physically store other data, but the researcher documents, classifies, and cross-references all evidence so that it can be efficiently recalled for sorting and examination over the course of the study. Step 5. Evaluate and Analyze the Data. The researcher examines raw data using many interpretations in order to find linkages between the research object and the outcomes with reference to the original research questions. Throughout the evaluation and analysis process, the researcher remains open to new opportunities and insights. The case study method, with its use of multiple data collection methods and analysis techniques, provides researchers with opportunities to triangulate data in order to strengthen the research findings and conclusions. The tactics used in uprooted essays to honor oscar handlin, analysis force researchers to move beyond initial impressions to improve the likelihood of accurate and reliable findings. Exemplary case studies will deliberately sort the do children, data in many different ways to expose or create new insights and will deliberately look for conflicting data to disconfirm the analysis.

Researchers categorize, tabulate, and recombine data to address the initial propositions or purpose of the study, and conduct cross-checks of facts and discrepancies in accounts. Focused, short, repeat interviews may be necessary to gather additional data to verify key observations or check a fact. Specific techniques include placing information into arrays, creating matrices of categories, creating flow charts or other displays, and tabulating frequency of events. Researchers use the quantitative data that has been collected to corroborate and support the qualitative data which is most useful for understanding the rationale or theory underlying relationships. Another technique is to use multiple investigators to gain the advantage provided when a variety of perspectives and insights examine the data and the patterns.

When the multiple observations converge, confidence in the findings increases. Conflicting perceptions, on the other hand, cause the researchers to americans essays oscar, pry more deeply. Another technique, the cross-case search for patterns, keeps investigators from reaching premature conclusions by requiring that investigators look at the data in many different ways. Cross-case analysis divides the data by type across all cases investigated. Do Children Homework! One researcher then examines the data of that type thoroughly. When a pattern from one data type is corroborated by the evidence from another, the finding is stronger. When evidence conflicts, deeper probing of the differences is necessary to identify the essays oscar handlin, cause or source of conflict. In all cases, the researcher treats the evidence fairly to produce analytic conclusions answering the original how and why research questions.

Step 6. Prepare the report. Exemplary case studies report the data in a way that transforms a complex issue into one that can be understood, allowing the reader to question and principals, examine the study and reach an understanding independent of the researcher. Americans Essays! The goal of the written report is to resume, portray a complex problem in a way that conveys a vicarious experience to the reader. Case studies present data in very publicly accessible ways and may lead the reader to apply the uprooted americans to honor, experience in his or her own real-life situation. Essay! Researchers pay particular attention to uprooted americans oscar, displaying sufficient evidence to gain the reader?s confidence that all avenues have been explored, clearly communicating the boundaries of the case, and giving special attention to conflicting propositions. Techniques for composing the report can include handling each case as a separate chapter or treating the case as a chronological recounting. Some researchers report the case study as a story. Ezra! During the report preparation process, researchers critically examine the document looking for ways the report is incomplete.

The researcher uses representative audience groups to review and comment on the draft document. Based on the comments, the researcher rewrites and makes revisions. Uprooted Americans Essays To Honor Handlin! Some case study researchers suggest that the document review audience include a journalist and some suggest that the ezra pound essays, documents should be reviewed by the participants in the study. Applying the Case Study Method to an Electronic Community Network. Step 1. Determine and Define the Research Questions. In general, electronic community networks have three distinct types of users, each one a good candidate for case study research. The three groups of users include people around the world who use the electronic community network, the non-profit organizations using the electronic community network to provide information to potential users of their services, and the community that forms as the result of interacting with other participants on the electronic community network. In this case, the uprooted americans to honor oscar, researcher is primarily interested in determining whether or not the electronic community network is beneficial in some way to non-profit organization participants. The researcher begins with a review of the literature to determine what prior studies have determined about this issue and uses the ezra pound, literature to define the following questions for the study of the non-profit organizations providing information to the electronic community network: Why do non-profit organization participants use the network?

How do non-profit organization participants determine what to place on uprooted americans essays oscar, the electronic community network? Do the non-profit organization participants believe the community network serves a useful purpose in furthering their mission? How? Step 2. Select the compare, Cases and Determine Data Gathering and Analysis Techniques. Many communities have constructed electronic community networks on the World Wide Web. At the outset of the design phase, the researcher determines that only essays to honor handlin one of these networks will be studied and further sets the study boundaries to include only essays some of the non-profit organizations represented on that one network. Americans Oscar! The researcher contacts the Board of Directors of the community network, who are open to the idea of the case study.

The researcher also gathers computer generated log data from the network and, using this data, determines that an in-depth study of representative organizations from four categories -- health care, environmental, education, and religious -- is essays feasible. The investigator applies additional selection criteria so that an urban-based and a rural-based non-profit are represented in the study in order to examine whether urban non-profits perceive more benefits from community networks than rural organizations. The researcher considers multiple sources of data for this study and selects document examination, the gathering and study of organizational documents such as administrative reports, agendas, letters, minutes, and news clippings for each of the organizations. In this case, the investigator decides to also conduct open-ended interviews with key members of each organization using a check-list to guide interviewers during the interview process so that uniformity and consistency can be assured in the data, which could include facts, opinions, and handlin, unexpected insights. In this case study, the researcher cannot employ direct observation as a tool because some of the organizations involved have no office and meet infrequently to conduct business directly related to the electronic community network. The researcher instead decides to survey all Board members of the selected organizations using a questionnaire as a third data gathering tool. Within-case and principals, cross-case analysis of data are selected as analysis techniques. Step 3. Prepare to Collect the Data. The researcher prepares to collect data by first contacting each organization to be studied to gain their cooperation, explain the purpose of the study, and assemble key contact information.

Since data to be collected and examined includes organizational documents, the researcher states his intent to request copies of these documents, and plans for storage, classification, and retrieval of these items, as well as the interview and survey data. The researcher develops a formal investigator training program to include seminar topics on non-profit organizations and their structures in each of the four categories selected for this study. Americans To Honor Handlin! The training program also includes practice sessions in conducting open-ended interviews and documenting sources, suggested field notes formats, and a detailed explanation of the purpose of the case study. The researcher selects a fifth case as a pilot case, and the investigators apply the data gathering tools to the pilot case to determine whether the planned timeline is feasible and and critical thinking course, whether or not the uprooted oscar handlin, interview and survey questions are appropriate and effective. Based on essay, the results of the pilot, the uprooted americans essays to honor handlin, researcher makes adjustments and assigns investigators particular cases which become their area of do children have homework, expertise in the evaluation and analysis of the data. Step 4. Collect Data in the Field. Investigators first arrange to visit with the Board of Directors of americans, each non-profit organization as a group and ask for copies of the organization?s mission, news clippings, brochures, and any other written material describing the organization and its purpose. The investigator reviews the purpose of the study with the entire Board, schedules individual interview times with as many Board members as can cooperate, confirms key contact data, and requests that all Board members respond to the written survey which will be mailed later.

Investigators take written notes during the interview and record field notes after the principals, interview is completed. The interviews, although open-ended, are structured around the research questions defined at the start of the to honor, case study. Research Question: Why do non-profit organization participants use the network? Interview Questions: How did the organization make the decision to place data on the World Wide Web community network? What need was the organization hoping to fulfill? Research Question: How do non-profit organization participants determine what to place on the electronic community network? Interview Questions: What process was used to select the information that would be used on the network? How is the information kept up to date? Research Question: Do the non-profit organization participants believe the ezra pound essays, community network serves a useful purpose in furthering their mission?

How? Interview Questions: How does the organization know if the to honor, electronic community network is beneficial to the organization? How does the electronic community network further the mission of the organization? What systematic tracking mechanisms exist to determine how many or what types of users are accessing the organization information? The investigator?s field notes record impressions and questions that might assist with the do children have too much homework, interpretation of the interview data. The investigator makes note of stories told during open-ended interviews and flags them for potential use in the final report. Data is entered into the database. The researcher mails written surveys to all Board members with a requested return date and a stamped return envelope. Once the surveys are returned, the researcher codes and enters the data into uprooted americans oscar, the database so that it can be used independently as well as integrated when the compare two jobs essay, case study progresses to the point of cross-case examination of data for all four cases. Step 5. Evaluate and Analyze the Data. Within-case analysis is the first analysis technique used with each non-profit organization under study.

The assigned investigator studies each organization?s written documentation and uprooted essays to honor handlin, survey response data as a separate case to identify unique patterns within the data for that single organization. Individual investigators prepare detailed case study write-ups for each organization, categorizing interview questions and answers and examining the data for within-group similarities and differences. Cross-case analysis follows. Investigators examine pairs of cases, categorizing the similarities and differences in each pair. Investigators then examine similar pairs for differences, and dissimilar pairs for similarities. As patterns begin to emerge, certain evidence may stand out as being in conflict with the thinking course, patterns. In those cases, the uprooted essays handlin, investigator conducts follow-up focused interviews to confirm or correct the logic and critical thinking course, initial data in order to tie the evidence to the findings and to state relationships in answer to the research questions. Step 6 Prepare the Report. The outline of the report includes thanking all of the participants, stating the problem, listing the research questions, describing the methods used to conduct the research and any potential flaws in the method used, explaining the data gathering and analysis techniques used, and uprooted americans essays, concluding with the answers to the questions and suggestions for further research. Key features of the report include a retelling of specific stories related to the successes or disappointments experienced by the organizations that were conveyed during data collection, and answers or comments illuminating issues directly related to the research questions.

The researcher develops each issue using quotations or other details from the data collected, and points out the triangulation of essay opbygning, data where applicable. The report also includes confirming and americans to honor oscar handlin, conflicting findings from literature reviews. The report conclusion makes assertions and suggestions for further research activity, so that another researcher may apply these techniques to principals resume, another electronic community network and its participants to determine whether similar findings are identifiable in other communities. Final report distribution includes all participants. Applicability to Library and Information Science. Busha, C. H., Harter, S. P. (1980). Research methods in librarianship, techniques and interpretation. Uprooted Americans To Honor! New York: Academic Press. Chang, H. Too Much! C. (1974). Library goals as responses to structural milieu requirements: A comparative case study.

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Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York. McAdams, D. C. (1979). Powerful actors in public land use decision making processes: A case study in Austin, Texas. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Texas, Austin. McClure, C. R., Hernon, P. (Eds.). (1991). Library and information science research: perspectives and strategies for online improvement. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. Essays To Honor Oscar! M. (1984). Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods.

Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Miller, F. (1986). Use, appraisal, and research: A case study of social history . Essays! The American Archivist: 49 (4), 371-392. Paris, M. (1988). Library school closings: Four case studies. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press. Patton, M. Q. (1980). Qualitative evaluation methods. Essays! Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Powell, R. R. Resume! (1985).

Basic research methods for librarians. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Schindler, D. (1996). Urban youth and the frail elderly: Reciprocal giving and receiving. Americans Essays Oscar Handlin! New York: Garland. Simons, H. (1980). Towards a science of the principals, singular: Essays about case study in educational research and evaluation.

Norwich, UK: University of East Anglia, Centre for Applied Research in Education. Stake, R. E. (1995). Uprooted Americans Essays Oscar Handlin! The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Swisher, R., McClure, C. R. (1984). Research for decision making, methods for librarians. Chicago: American Library Association.

Taylor, R. S. Principals Resume! (1967). Question-negotiation and information-seeking in libraries. Bethlehem, PA: Center for the Information Sciences. U.S. Uprooted Essays To Honor Oscar! Department of Education. (1988). Rethinking the library in logic thinking, the information age: Issues in library research: proposals for the 1990s. Uprooted Americans To Honor Oscar Handlin! Volume II.

Washington, DC. Weiss, C.H., Bucuvala, M. J. (1980). Social science research and decision-making. Have Homework! New York: Columbia University Press. Wholey, J. S., Hatry, H. P., Newcomer, K. E. (Eds.). (1994).

Handbook of practical program evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Yin, R. Americans To Honor Handlin! K. (1984). Case study research: Design and methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. This page is created and maintained by Sue Soy [email protected] Last Updated 02/12/2006. Copyright 1996 Susan K. Soy.

Please feel free to do children have too much homework, copy and distribute freely for uprooted to honor oscar academic purposes with attribution. Cite as: Soy, Susan K. (1997). The case study as a research method . Unpublished paper, University of Texas at Austin.