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appendix in an essay View feedback on this data commentary#039;s tables, figures, and definition of speach appendices by policy independence essay competition, clicking on definition the underlined footnote links. Sample BUS1100 Data analysis report. Statistical Analysis and Report Writing. Tutorial time : 2pm Wednesday. This report uses a descriptive statistical method to analyse and compare the net assets ($m) of policy institute essay a sample of companies in four different manufacturing sectors; Sector A, Sector B, Sector C and Sector D . For the purposes of the report it is definition assumed that the sample of data analysed for each sector is representative of the research entire population of companies. However a comparison of the data is limited by the varied number of observations for each sector.

The discussion presents an analysis of the data using descriptive measures of frequency distribution, central tendency and standard deviation which reveal similar net asset figures between the four different manufacturing sectors. To enable a comparison of the of speach net assets (individual data, in million dollars, $m) of the companies in the four different manufacturing sectors a random sample from each of these populations was made (see Appendix I) 3.1 . Essays On Picnic! . [topic sentence only] Table 1: Initial Summary Statistics of the Sample. 3.2. (Summary statistics have been rounded off to one decimal place to maintain clarity.) It can be seen from Table 1 that far less samples were obtained from Sector 3 than the other sectors 3.3 . This could have resulted in a significantly lower range because there was less pportunity for an individual company to have extremely high or low assets. As the definition of speach number of companies in each sector increased, so did the sum of their total net assets. The African Diaspora Interpretive Essays! This is significant because it indicates that the majority of companies throughout manufacturing sectors had similar net asset values. The general spread of net assets for each sector can be seen by allocating the raw net asset figures into frequency distributions and then histograms for each of the four manufacturing sectors . Using histograms as a graphical representation #039;allows us to comprehend the shape of definition frequency distribution at a glance#039; (Harrison and Tamaschke, 1993, p. 91) and is therefore a quick and easy way to determine the essay asset distribution for each sector. Definition Of Speach! Figure 1: Histograms of Data from Different Manufacturing Sectors 3.4. Essays On Picnic! (Note the of speach histograms were obtained using Minitab for scholarships requiring Windows, with 24 intervals between the range of definition of speach 0-600 $m, thus midpoints were allocated every 25$m. A number of few extreme values have been omitted to provide a more precise representation of the majority of the data within each manufacturing sector. For full histograms covering the entire range of values refer to Appendix 2.) 3.5.

The histograms of the manufacturing Sectors 1-4 are illustrated in Figure 1. 3.6 . Cascade! . . . [topic sentence only] Table 2: Measures of definition Central Tendency. 3.7 As indicated in Table 2, we can see that the median and both means for all manufacturing sectors are close to the suspected 300 $m figure . #039;Measure of central tendency is defined as a single term that is considered most representative of the whole set of data#039; (Johnson, 1978, p. 182) thus using a mode for bias in media research paper this value would be inappropriate (see Appendix 1) 3.8 The reason for this is that three of the manufacturing sectors contained more than one net asset figure as the most common. In Sector 4, the minimum value was also a modal value, certainly not representing where the majority of data lies. The problem in using the definition mode arises from the fact that continuous data with two decimals is used for the initial net asset values, thus it is rare that two companies have equal net assets in the african interpretive any given sector. Figure 2: Boxplot comparison of Net Assets ($,m) A large difference between the definition of speach median and mean for Sectors 1 and 4 respectively is computers apparent upon looking at definition of speach, Table 2 3.9 . In sector 1, the mean is far higher than the median. This is due to one company having an extremely large net asset figure ($1530.06 $m), and many outliers above the mean (see Figure 2). . Interpretive! . . [this paragraph continues] Table 3: Measures of Dispersion for Manufacturing Sectors. From Table 3 it can be seen that the standard deviation for Sectors 1 and 4 are distorted by definition of speach, the exceptionally large and small values within each of independence essay competition these sectors.

3.10. . . . . [topic sentence only] Table 4: General Statistics of Manufacturing Sectors (calculated in Minitab) An examination of Table 4 provides some further interesting observations . . . Definition Of Speach! 3.11. .. . [topic sentence only] The data from four different manufacturing sectors has been analysed through the use of descriptive measures of central tendency, frequency distribution, and standard deviation . Robust statistics were also deployed to provide a better indication of net asset values within sectors with extreme values as these values can distort calculations of central tendency and dispersion. The relatively close measures of central tendency identified in the analysis suggest that although the lucia dessay spread of assets between the sectors differs; sectors 1 and 3 had small spreads of assets and sectors 2 and 4 had a larger net asset range, the majority of companies across the four sectors have similar net asset values; a higher frequency of assets values at approximately 300 ($m). Harrison, S. and Tamaschke, R.H.U. Definition Of Speach! (1993) Statistics for business economics and management. Sydney: Prentice Hall. Johnson, P.R. Essays! (1978) Business statistics. Sydney: MacMillan.

Luxford, K., Bedingfield, S. and definition of speach Betts, J. (1998) Course notes for BUS1100 Qualitative methods for business systems. Melbourne: Monash University. Mansfield, E. (1994 ) Statistics for business and economics and methods and racial research applications. New York: Norton. Appendix 1 Random Sample of Data. Appendix 2 Histograms of the entire range of company net assets ($m) values for the four manufacturing sectors.

Appendix 3 The frequency distribution of assets from the four manufacturing sectors. Referring to tables, figures, and definition appendices. Scholarships Essay! A reference to an appendix should always clearly indicate the appendix number and contents of the appendix. Of Speach! It is clear from this reference to Appendix 1 that it consists of the sample selected from each of the the african diaspora essays manufacturing populations. For other examples of references to an appendix see notes 3.5 and 3.8. The results of research are usually presented in both a written and graphic form, for definition of speach example text, figures, tables, and graphs. The text assists the reader to focus on the most important aspects of the data, whilst the graphic illustrations usually present the complete findings. Data presented in cascade institute independence essay a graphic form may be included in the main text or in an appendix. Generally data of primary importance to definition, the discussion is presented in the body of the report, and data referred to indirectly is included in an appendix.

The size of a table or figure may also determine placement in an appendix. This statement performs two functions: it locates and identifies a particular set of data by referring the reader to a specific table - in this case Table 1 - and it provides a brief summary of the results. On Picnic! Figures can be referred to in the same manner. Alternative ways of expressing this information would include the following sentences. Table 1 indicates that far fewer samples were obtained from definition, Sector 3 than the other sectors. Fewer samples were obtained from Sector 3 than the other sectors (see Table 1). Table 1 provides initial summary statistics of the sample. The last sentence simply identifies the essay on apple data but does not provide a summary of the results as in the previous two sentences and definition of speach the sentence in the sample report. Tables or figures are always referred to in the text by number. Look at the examples of references to lucia dessay, tables or figures in the text and notice the use of definition verbs such as illustrated and indicated to refer the reader to the figure or table.

Other verbs commonly used to refer to lucia dessay, a table or figure include: shows , provides , gives , presents , summarised , reveals , displays , suggests , and demonstrates . Notice that the present tense is used for definition of speach statements which locate data in a table or figure. For other examples of statements that locate and identify data see 3.6, 3.7, 3.9, 3.10, and 3.11 in the text. A figure or table should be positioned as close as possible to the point at which you refer to it in the text. All figures and tables should be numbered and labelled with a title which clearly and precisely communicates the contents. Requiring! The title of this figure could have been written in a more precise manner, for example a clearer title would be as follows: Histograms of data from the four manufacturing sectors. Notes 3.5 and of speach 3.8 are examples of references to an appendix. For further information see 3.1. Notes 3.6 , 3.7, 3.9, 3.10, and 3.11 are examples of statements that locate and lucia dessay identify data. For further information see 3.3. Notes 3.6 , 3.7, 3.9, 3.10, and 3.11 are examples of statements that locate and identify data.

For further information see 3.3. Definition! Notes 3.5 and 3.8 are examples of references to an appendix. For further information see 3.1. Notes 3.6 , 3.7, 3.9, 3.10, and 3.11 are examples of statements that locate and identify data. For further information see 3.3. Notes 3.6 , 3.7, 3.9, 3.10, and 3.11 are examples of statements that locate and identify data. For further information see 3.3.

3.6 , 3.7, 3.9, 3.10 and 3.11 are examples of statements that locate and identify data. For further information see comment 3.3. When labelling an appendix, the title should clearly and precisely indicate the contents of the appendix. The title used for Appendix 1 could be improved by describing the contents more specifically, for on apple computers example: Random sample of net assets ($,m) of companies from the four manufacturing sectors. Problems? Questions?

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ogt essay writing If you're stuck in a browser frame - click here to view this same page in Quantonics! of Amy Wallace's. by Doug Renselle. Be sure to see our updates to Pirsig's.

for additional and novel WJSidis comments. We just found this, and for Doug it is a huge breakthrough on definition William James Sidis. Doug will post it here and in media research paper, make subsequent and future updates here : Some of you may be aware that Doug is working on a n¤n classical 'synthesis' (a quantum. complementation) of 'science' and definition, 'religion.' William hated religion, but recall that he loved to keep secrets (hermetic esoterica) and encode (tetragrammation, Rule of Four , atbah and atbash cyphers, etc.) much of what he believed. Recall Sam Rosenberg's discovery of William's esoterica in his poems. Doug just found a huge clue as to what Sidis is up to.

Doug is offering it directly, as is, for on apple computers your individual hermeneutics of it : In the second half of the second century a Hellenized version of this speculation is to of speach, be found in the Gnostic Markos' description of the racial bias research paper, body of truth. Of Speach? There also exist a number of lucia dessay Gnostic gems which, like the Hebrew fragments of definition of speach Shi'ur Komah , bear the figure of a man whose limbs are inscribed with magical combinations of diaspora essays letters, obviously corresponding to their secret names (cf. C. Definition? Bonner, Hesperia , 23 (1954), 151). A clear reference to this doctrine is found as early as the Slavonic Book of Enoch (13:8) I have seen the measure of the height of the lord, without dimension and without shape, which has no end. The passage reflects the precise Hebrew terminology. At least two versions of requiring this doctrine were current in later talmudic and post-talmudic times, one in the name of R. Akiva and definition of speach, one in the name of R. Ishmael (both published in scholarships requiring essay, the collection Merkavah Shelemah (Jerusalem (1922), fol. Definition? 32-43). Two manuscripts from tenth or 11th centuries (Oxford Hebr.

C. 65. and Sassoon 522) contain the oldest available texts, but even these are in different stages of corruption. According to the testimony of bias in media research Origen (third century), it was not permitted to study Song of Songs in definition, Jewish circles before the age of full maturity, obviously because of esoteric teachings like the Shi'ur Komah doctrine which were connected with it. Institute Independence Competition? The Midrashim on the Song of Songs reflect such esoteric understanding in many passages. The fragments of Shi'ur Komah were known in the sixth century, if not earlier, to the poet Eleazar ha-Kallir. Doug's bold green. Doug effaced footnotes. Doug has blatantly taken this out of context which is definition unfair to you readers. But if you are really interested, say those of you at Wikipedia, you can find above paragraph in Gershom Scholem's Kabbalah , pp. 16-17. Doug happened on cascade policy institute independence essay it totally accidentally when he was looking for a Scholem reference to Origen for Doug's current in process review of Elaine Pagels' Chapter 2 of her The Johannine Gospel in Gnostic Exegesis . You may imagine Doug's complete surprise.

There is a huge amount of work here to put this, et al., other gnosis in definition, a Sidisesque con(m)text. We'll try to do it gradually with and including our relevant other research. It now appears as though Doug has been spending his time well attempting to cover background which will shine more light on Master William James Sidis! Some synchronicity here too..Doug just read the sexy portions to Beth just a few evenings ago. If you haven't seen Bobbie (Noodles) and diaspora interpretive essays, Elizabeth ( la) in that classic American gangster film Once Upon A Time in America , you probably can't relate OT's 'Song of Songs' as well as Doug. Definition? Wall Street Journal refers that flick, The American Classic. Doug has watched it at least 10 times in last 20 years! Last time was a couple weeks ago. gallae/col14ang.htm (Link lost : A Colloquy discussion on Sidis and Slater's review) Our Review of Chapter III of Sam Rosenberg's The Come as You Are Masquerade Party - 'The Streetcar Named Paradise Lost' See our comments in our Recommended Reading on scholarships essay Hermann Hesse's Harry Haller dual of WJS.

Our Review of Henri Louis Bergson's An Introduction to definition, Metaphysics - Bergson's view of time WJS' The Animate and lucia dessay, Inanimate Is John Forbes Nash a potential modern Sidis? See our comments on Sylvia Nasar's A Beautiful Mind . Consider Nash's much more extreme schizophrenia to WJS' apparently milder and definition, possibly autistic version. Also consider WJS' intellectual breadth vis-à-vis Nash's narrower and much deeper mathematical/systems focus. Regular readers of this page should be aware that classical mathematics finds its bases in dialectic. Bias In Media Research Paper? It appears, and we feel confident in saying, that dialectic applied in quantum real con(m)texts, emerses what classicists refer as. schizomania and schizophrenia. Dialectic depends upon monistic OGC in OGT. Quantum reality is, as.

William James anticipated, pluralistic; an unbelievable, animate, everywhere. associative heterogeneity! For more on this issue visit our very popular comparisons of MoQ, CR, and SOM. Links to late-breaking Sidis NEWS! Quantonics Society Sidis-related News (During 2005 we will rejuvenate our efforts on WJS' AIA . We still feel unprepared for this enormous task, but worry that we may never arrive where we 'want' to be. So let's do it now. Definition? Get on with it! Doug - 29Dec2004. Do you prefer installments, or do you want to see a finished AIA review?

We recurse installments as we go which means you will be in a constant cycle of recapitulative reading. Let us know. Remove capital letters in that email address before using it. Thank you in advance for any advice you may offer.) See our 2003 August News on Sidis. We quote a chapter of Boris Sidis' Nervous Ills on issues related to policy institute independence, current USA political phenomena : Gray Davis recall.

Also see Sidis Memorabilia on our top page.) Quantonics Society News Archive (See prior years' news regarding Sidis. Browser search there for 'Sidis.') We also have quite a few first editions of Boris Sidis' works. We are planning reviews of those in of speach, years ahead. Lucia Dessay? We have a first edition of William James Varieties of Religious Experience . We plan to of speach, review it during 2005. You may recall William James is essays day one of Boris Sidis' most revered mentor-acquaintances and of speach, thus WJS' own mentor and namesake. Essays? You may also wish to see our review of Clifford Geertz' Available Light comments on VoRE . Red text updates 30Dec2004 - Doug.

Links to Pirsig's Lila comments on Sidis: Pirsig discovers Sidis and of speach, Dan Mahony in Yankee Pirsig on the african diaspora Sidis' celibacy Pirsig on Sidis' man vs. squirrel philosophical logic Pirsig on Sidis' view of the American cultural immune system Links to works of William James Sidis which we have found: Sidis on the Unconscious Intelligence, an essay. Links to research materials on William James Sidis which we have found: Swarthmore College Peace Collection DG 131 (See box 3. Of Speach? Thanks to curator Wendy E. Chmielewski - content access at scholarships essay Swarthmore.) 6Oct99 : We just returned from an all-day visit to Swarthmore. Gradually, we will document portions of our experience here. Our first brief contribution is part of a posthumous Lament by Mrs. Definition? Sharfman about Bill Sidis.

Please note our recent correspondence with Dan Mahony where Dan tells us Amy's use of 'Billie' is inappropriate. His family and friends called him Bill. Our experience at Swarthmore appears to agree with Dan's comments. Also note that Dan is starting an email list on essay computers Sidis, so if you want to be involved in that, please email us. Definition Of Speach? Also see a recent Note from cascade policy independence essay competition Robert M. Pirsig just after Mrs. Sharfman's Lament. My perspective of Amy Wallace's The Prodigy, ________________________________________ 1986, Dutton first edition hardbound, 297 pages. - The Prodigy is definition Amy Wallace's biography of William James Sidis. An alternative title might be, Intentional Creation of Genius - ' Miracles and Tribulations.' William James Sidis is essay arguably the definition, brightest human who ever existed on racial in media research our planet Earth. He was born of parents Boris and Sarah Sidis, emigrant Jews who escaped anti-Semitic Russian pogroms and came to definition, America at the end of the 19th century.

William James Sidis ('Billy') boggled minds of normal intellectuals and policy competition, theoreticians. He was born on of speach April Fool's Day in 1898. He became a strange combination of an April Fool and a 20th century genius vastly beyond common sentient discernment. Boris and Sarah met each other some time after they entered the USA. Boris arrived in 1886 at age 19, and Sarah arrived a year later at age 13. Policy Institute Independence Essay Competition? Boris arrived with a few hundred dollars which afforded him opportunity to find a decent place to definition of speach, stay and to spend several months learning English and rudimentary American customs. Sarah arrived broke and had to borrow a minimum $20 needed for entry, which she promptly returned having passed immigration officials. Sarah needed Boris to tutor her.

That is how they met. Scholarships Requiring Essay? Unknown to of speach, her, he fell in love at first sight, but delayed disclosure to lucia dessay, a more opportune time. Both Boris and Sarah became well educated. Definition Of Speach? He with Ph.D's and M.D., and essay, she with M.D. Definition? His first Ph.D. Scholarships Requiring Essay? was basically settled upon him by Harvard to entice him to do their bidding. Boris and his family were so bright that they could learn and understand difficult, complex intellectual concepts at a rate greater than ten times as quickly as typical advanced academics. Boris claimed to definition of speach, have a technique which allowed him access to an energy source. He taught Sarah, then William how to access and manage this source of abundant energy. In her first three chapters of The Prodigy , Amy Wallace belies details and essence of bias in media research William James Sidis' (Billy's) persona. Your reviewer decided to capture this as partial lists which allow you reader to quickly capture essence of definition Billy as a Homo sapiens (some might argue he is a precursor of our successors #151; Neo sapiens). Here is a partial list of lucia dessay William James Sidis' extraordinary capabilities and accomplishments : Given IQ is a purely anthropocentric means of assessing intelligence, Sidis' IQ is crudely estimated at 250-300.

Infant Billy listened to Greek myths read to him by Sarah as bedtime stories. Started feeding himself with a spoon at of speach eight months (after two months of trial and essays on picnic day, error). Cajoled by Boris, Billy learned to pronounce alphabetic syllables from blocks hanging in his crib. At six months, Billy said, Door. A couple months later he told Mom he liked things, doors and definition, people, that move. At seven months he pointed to Earth's moon and essays on picnic day, called it, moon. He wanted a 'moon' of his own. Mastered higher mathematics and planetary revolutions by age 11. Definition Of Speach? Learned to spell efficiently by one year old.

Started reading The New York Times at 18 months. Essays On Picnic? Started typing at three. Used his high chair to definition of speach, reach a typewriter. First composed letter was an order for toys from Macy's. Read Caesar's Gallic Wars , in Latin (self-taught), as a birthday present to his Father in Billy's fourth year. Learned Greek alphabet and read Homer in Greek in scholarships requiring essay, his fourth year. Definition Of Speach? Learned Aristotelian logic in his sixth year.

At six, Billy learned Russian, French, German, and Hebrew, and soon after, Turkish and Armenian. Calculated mentally a day any date in history would fall at age six. Absolutely fascinated by calendars. Learned Gray's Anatomy at lucia dessay six. Definition? Could pass a student medical examination. Billy started grammar school at six, in 3 days 3rd grade, graduated grammar school in 7 months. At age 8, Billy surpassed his father (a genius) in mathematics. Corrected E. V. Computers? Huntington's mathematics text galleys at age of eight.

Total recall of everything he read. Wrote four books between ages of of speach four and eight. Two on anatomy and astronomy, lost. Passed Harvard Medical School anatomy exam at age seven. Passed MIT entrance exam at age eight. Intellect surpassed best secondary school teachers. At age 10, in one evening, corrected Harvard logic professor Josiah Royce's book manuscript : citing, wrong paragraphs. Attempted to enroll in Harvard at nine. In 1909, became youngest student to ever enroll at Harvard at age 11. In 1910, at day age 11, lectured Harvard Mathematical Club on 'Four-Dimensional Bodies.' Billy graduated from Harvard, cum laude , on definition June 24, 1914, at age 16. Billy entered Harvard Law School in 1916.

Billy could learn a whole language in one day! Billy knew all the languages (approximately 200) of the world, and could translate among them instantly! More recently, in on apple, late 2005, we commence recognition of definition of speach Billy's probable (perhaps only intuitive) adeptness in ancient Judaic Gematria and scholarships requiring essay, Hermetics. Definition? Doug - 8Dec2005. Scholarships Requiring Essay? Again, refer Sam Rosenberg's conjectures. Of Speach? Perhaps there is even more than Sam decrypted. Billy : quanton(Hyde,Jekyll). Here is a partial list of known publications of William James Sidis : First book #151; a grammar, The Reader.

Second book #151; a new language, Book of Vendergood , Vendergood is on apple computers simpler than Esperanto. First Book on Calendars #151; only definition a first part (how to make a calendar) of his book survives. The Hesperia Constitution #151; Billy's own code of behavior, available from Harvard Archives. The African Diaspora Interpretive? 'Unconscious Intelligence' #151; Appendix IV to Boris' book, Symptomatology, Psychognosis and Diagnosis of Psychopathic Diseases #151; in this essay, Billy proved subconscious is conscious (using SOM's universal truth #151; Pirsig would find this incredible, because Billy preconceived one universal truth, but you can see here Pirsig on Sidis' man vs. monkey/squirrel philosophical logic, Pirsig saw similar logic as relative, not absolute #151; an example of MoQ's many truths. Definition Of Speach? Sidis viewed monkey logic and human logic as, two theories whose consequences are, and must be the same via his assumption of isomorphism.) See pp. 105-6 of The Prodigy , 1st edition . A book on an Ouija board. Sidis' first published book on bias research physics, The Animate and the Inanimate . Definition Of Speach? His unique, totally self-conceived, masterwork. Cascade Policy Essay? A 1920 effort published in 1925 . In this book he predicts black holes before anyone even thought of them. Of Speach? Amy Wallace's coverage here (reversibility, non-classical thermodynamics, etc.) is superb. See chapter 11 of The Prodigy . Also, see Pirsig discovers Sidis, nearby. An article, 'A Remark on the Occurrence of diaspora interpretive essays Revolution,' published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology . His article basically says that oppressed people revolt . A novel on definition lost Atlantis #151; never published, apparently lost.

Sidis' second and last published book (1926), Notes on the Collection of Transfers . The Transfer Guide to the District of Columbia , The Transit Guide to the Northeast Suburbs of Boston , etc. Note that no guides of this sort were in bias in media paper, existence when he wrote them. They were useful. Note too, he had them all memorized! The Peridromophile , a monthly Sidis publication, starting in definition of speach, September of racial in media research 1926, 10 cents per issue or $1 per year.

Part I : The Tribes and the States , and Part II : The Peace Paths , Sidis' 1200 page magnum opus, a revisionist history of USA. Only Part I and first page of Part II survive. The Penacook Courier , an definition apparently ruse newspaper used by Sidis to promote his legend-history of the USA. Continuity News , successor to The Penacook Courier , published under Sidis' favorite pen name : Parker Greene. The Orarch , successor to Continuity News , motto : 'Grant to Others All Rights You Would Have Others Grant to You.' When he started this publication, he started a Liberty War Objectors Association. LWOA was an organization advocating conscientious objection and essay, objection to war and production activities supporting war. The Libertarian , started in February, 1944 after a stint with Julius Eichel's, The Absolutist . His motto of The Libertarian was a Jeffersonian quote, That Government Is Best Which Governs Least. Here is a partial list of William James Sidis' idiosyncratic and acultural behaviors : Utter disregard of sports and physical activities #151; learned from his father. Definition? Utter disregard of racial bias in media research things monetary #151; learned from his father. Definition Of Speach? Utter disregard for bias research academia, academicians, academic bureaucracy and their 'titles.' Collected street car transfers.

Knew most details of most routes in USA. Rabid atheist by age six. (His father, Boris, was too, but intensely studied great religious works.) His only definition of speach fear was dogs. Scholarships Essay? Learned to definition of speach, hate mathematics in grammar school; later at 7.5 years he started a life long love of math. Avid interest in politics. Dressed in Russian peasant clothes as a minor.

On hearing a Bible read aloud, declared he didn't believe in that and essays on picnic day, didn't want to of speach, hear it. In school, only essay worked problems to which he didn't know answers. After 3 months in of speach, high school, parents withdrew him; teachers were relieved. Thinking was his chosen refuge from essays on picnic media antagonists. Of Speach? Essence of Billy Sidis : On page 106, of The Prodigy , Amy Wallace quotes Billy on his view of the perfect life, I want to live the essay on apple, perfect life. Of Speach? The only way to live the perfect life is to essays day, live it in definition of speach, seclusion. I have always hated crowds. These sentences, in essays, your reviewer's opinion, are an excellent micro-biography of mankind's finest known intellect. Celibate : Vowed never to marry. (One of his 154 rules for life.) Women do not appeal to me.

See Pirsig's comments on this below #151; Pirsig on Sidis' celibacy Considered traditional classrooms, 'stifling.' Billy was a pacifist, anti-war, conscientious objector. (See our research link at top of page.) He was a reformed communist/socialist #151; eventually found both intellectually disgusting. Paradoxes were his logical specialty. Here is definition of speach a partial list of cascade policy essay William James Sidis' friends and relatives : Father : Boris Sidis, born 1867, Berdichev, Russian Ukraine; genius, political activist, prolific author, victim/prisoner of Russian pogroms Mother : Sarah Mandelbaum, born 2Oct1874, Stara Constantine, Ukraine; near-genius, industrious, omni-capable Sister : Helena, born February 12, 1910 Nephew : William Fadiman, successful film producer and novelist. Nephew : Clifton Fadiman, well-known author and celebrity. Nephew : Jack Goldwyn, two years younger pal of Billy's, 2nd 'son' of of speach Boris, frequent visitor to Portsmouth.

Nephew : Joe Mandell, Nephew : Dr. Elliot Sagall whose early education Sarah Sidis obnoxiously attempted to influence. On Picnic Day? Godfather : William James, famous philosopher of definition of speach pragmatism Friend : Teddy Roosevelt, then governor of New York Friend : Josiah Royce, Boris' philosophy professor at Harvard Friends : Mr. and Mrs. Racial Bias In Media Research Paper? Isidor Strauss, owners of Macy's Friends : Mr. and Mrs. H. Addington Bruce, once Bruce gave Billy a quarter for a treat #151; later Billy threw it away Friend : James Gordon Bennett, Herald Tribune publisher, helped endow Boris a hospital Friend : Dr. Definition? E. Lucia Dessay? V. Huntington, Harvard mathematics professor. Friend : George W. Definition Of Speach? Evans, retired Harvard professor, pleaded Billy's case in Harvard Graduate Magazine . Friend : Norbert Wiener, genius, fellow prodigy. Friend : Dr. Herbert T. Kalmus, inventor of a Technicolor process, patient of Boris. Here is a partial list of William James Sidis' primary antagonists : The New York Times newspaper The Atlantic Monthly The North American Review The Boston Transcript The Washington Herald Harper's Weekly The New York Times magazine The Boston Sunday Herald The Independent Current Literature Pedagogical Seminary The New York Sunday News The Boston Traveler The New York Herald Tribune The American Psychologist The Boston Sunday Post The Baltimore Evening Sun The New Yorker The Boston Sunday Advertiser. In chapter four, Amy Wallace spends a significant amount of time comparing William Sidis to other known geniuses.

On net, he equals or exceeds all others and except for his lack of social graces and racial bias, athletic interests, appears more well-rounded than most. Crux : William James Sidis probably represents the apex of recorded human intellectual capabilities. In chapter five, Wallace tells us of Sidis' book on his ideas of definition of speach a utopia. His book, The Hesperia Constitution , was so legal and dense only the african diaspora interpretive advanced legal intellect could have produced it. She tells us Billy probably used 'Hesperia' as a play on his surname of Sidis. (Your reviewer was fascinated that nowhere in definition, her bio of Sidis did Amy Wallace mention 'Sidis' is a palindrome.) She goes on in great detail to discuss many features of The Hesperia Constitution . (More recently, your reviewer discovered a potential meaning for Sidis' term, 'Hesperia.' Hes in lucia dessay, Latin means 'to stick.' Per in Latin means 'completely, through, or wrongly.' Finally ia , in Greek, means 'quality of.' So Billy Sidis' personal constitution's title may have meant : Stick it wrongly, through, and completely, with quality . He could as easily have meant, To Fully Penetrate Wrong with Good . Latter fits Billy better than former, IMO. Just conjecture. Your reviewer surmises Pirsig would love this!

If latter is what Billy intended, then we can say Hesperia h MoQ. : ) She also shows us how normal society is definition so effective at rejection of what it considers acultural behavior. Not only did US news media antagonize Billy, but many members of tiny-minded academia did too. So much so, Billy's father Boris wrote a book about it entitled, Philistine and Genius . Boris' book allowed him a luxury of letting off much steam against Billy's antagonists, but its effect was only to bring more antagonism on lucia dessay both of them. (We find Boris' comments in PG harsh, but not far from of speach apropos. Were William our child, we would be very angry too. What we love most about PG is that Boris recommends a quantum approach to essays on picnic day, life and learning : practice a meme of absolute change. Definition? Students flourish and grow rapidly when frequently exposed to cascade institute essay competition, changes in their home and educational environs. Boris does not say so, but we intuit that if you want to access what he calls 'reserve energy' you may only accomplish that potential personal transcendence via liberal use of absolute change as foundation of your learning/teaching processes.

Learning to tap 'reserve energy' is a direct acknowledgment of reality's quantum impetus for quality AKA absolute change quantum flux, and reserve energy. Pirsig made this quantum Quality foundation of his new philosophy which we practice here in Quantonics and Pirsig calls his Metaphysics of definition of speach Quality or MoQ. Read Pirsig's Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974) and computers, his Lila (1991) to learn more about MoQ. Also see his 1995 SODV paper here in of speach, Quantonics.) (Your reviewer could not help but relate this societal immune response against Sidis and his family to other instances like Pirsig's Brujo in Lila , Pirsig himself, Giordano Bruno, Loyola, Galileo, Hippasus, Socrates, Jesus, etc. Our mediocre society does not want pioneers to intervene on scholarships requiring essay behalf of its own intellectual growth. What a sickness. Definition Of Speach? one which derides genius so easily. Lucia Dessay? It also made this reviewer wonder how Billy would perceive and accept Pirsig's new philosophy, Pirsig's Metaphysics of Quality. We likely shall never know.) In chapter six, Sidises move to Portsmouth, New Hampshire. A wealthy benefactress whose parents Boris Sidis 'cured' of severe mental distress, gave Boris and Sarah Sidis Maplewood Farms, a beautiful estate in Portsmouth.

It had 44 rooms and definition of speach, 14 bathrooms. Lucia Dessay? Boris moved his practice and patients there where his family stayed for an extended portion of definition their lives. Sidis' estate was so large it required 65 servants and workers. Racial In Media? Benefactress Mrs. Buck Whitemore showed Sarah Sidis how to run it with five people. Mrs. Definition Of Speach? Whitemore deeded her estate to them for institute essay one dollar. It became a noose around Sarah's neck and a playground for friends and relatives, as well as Boris' sanitarium for his wealthy patients. It became an increasing source of friction among Sarah, her family and eventually even among their friends.

Sarah became cynical about her estate, but never ceased unrelenting energy and definition of speach, hard work to the african diaspora interpretive essays, keep it going. In chapter seven, Amy Wallace shows us more of Harvard society's parochial and provincial muck. These little people who think themselves so large considered Billy Sidis a freak. (Reviewer's note : Even today Harvard arrogance manifests failings in poor counsel on international policy/relations, especially a failure of its policy recommendations on of speach transformation of Russian economy from a totalitarian to a democratic/capitalistic one. See Washington Times editorials, August/September, 1998.) Harvard and Radcliffe people (many anti-Semitic) made William James Sidis, The Prodigy , . the butt of institute independence practical jokes. (Today, this same caliber of people operate many of our largest corporations.

Ironic, eh? : ) According to Amy Wallace (p. 103), As one student put it, 'In harmony with their policy of getting all they can for of speach as little as possible, Jews incidentally take a majority of the scholarships. On Apple Computers? They deprive many worthy men of other races a chance.' In a bright light of 1998 this is extraordinary in its blatant exposure of an definition idea those less diligent are victims of cascade policy independence more diligent oppressors. Socialist mind traps are alive and well, still, in broader academia. Definition Of Speach? In Sidis', Wiener's, Houghton's, Sessions', and Berle's time socialists' envy/hatred of on picnic day them was rampant. Definition Of Speach? This same mindset saw its duty : an unrelenting humiliation of true greatness. Billy's grades at Harvard were just average. This is more a reflection of interpretive mentally-addled judging work of of speach mentally-gifted than perhaps anything else. History repeats this lesson for us over, and diaspora, over. In chapter eight, Amy Wallace starts by definition of speach unambiguously showing us New York Times' denigrating values.

Here, in 1999, they are still doing it. Day? New York Times essentially borrowed information of a deeply personal nature from definition a Boston Herald article on an interview with Billy and twisted it into racial paper a personally demeaning tirade against definition of speach him. New York Times was one of Billy's greatest antagonists. Chapter seven also describes Boris' and Sarah's efforts to remove Billy from a physically and mentally hostile environment at Harvard by sending him to Rice University in Houston. Essays On Picnic Day? Unfortunately, Billy's tribulations only continued at Rice. People there offered little solace or quietude for our intellectual protagonist. Ahhh. an of speach unrelenting visceral meanness of humankind against itself.

In chapter nine, Amy tells us Billy returned to Boston after less than one sad year at Rice. Beginning chapter nine she tells us, His arrival was greeted with a flurry of essays on picnic day news articles so embarrassing, so widely syndicated, that William could only watch in despair as he was mercilessly ridiculed yet again. Rest of chapter nine is definition mostly about Billy's idealism and essay computers, its temporary experiment with more socialist mire of cultural and logical relativism. Billy becomes disgusted and retreats to his own utopian ideals. Chapter 10 title is, 'May Day.' Amy describes a 1918 May Day riot in Boston.

Billy participates. He gets arrested in 1919. Claims he is a socialist. Claims he believes in a Russian system of government. Definition? Says he believes in interpretive, economic evolution.

Says he does not believe in a god. Billy knows an entire text of USA's founding papers, so he is of speach practically impossible to beat in court. Bottom line, he receives an 18 month sentence and gets out on $500 bond. Then he has to hide for a long time to keep out of jail. Chapter 10 contains a set of remarkable and computers, memorable pictures of Billy, his one true love (Martha Foley), an inadequate sampling of personal artifacts, and his friends and family. In chapter 11, Amy shows us how Billy got his political idealism : From his father, Boris. Boris believed fear is mankind's greatest enemy which, in fruition, leads to mass hypnosis. Billy's Hesperia Constitution was an attempt to use static structure to ensure utopian freedom from oppression and yet, somehow, provide global societal support to of speach, eliminate (according to his way of thinking) fear. Part of Billy's thinking in scholarships requiring, his construction of his constitution was direct experience of Sarah's (his mother's) oppressive controls on the family vis-à-vis his father's desire for total freedom at all costs. (Juxtapose our last few sentences with Pirsig's MoQ philosophy : a complementary balance of definition Static and Dynamic Quality.)

Billy's revolutionary ideas, proaction, arrest, and zealous experimentation with communism/socialism angered Boris, his father. Billy had already broken off with his mother. Now it was happening with his father. Billy thought he wanted to be a liberal, and it was costing him his relationship with his father. Billy was tried as a revolutionary, but somehow his father and his father's connections kept him out of jail. His family kidnapped him and hid him in their sanatorium in Portsmouth, keeping him drugged, and computers, then in 1920, took him to California. Then, fearful of his parents keeping him as an insane patient and fearful of definition going to jail, he escaped his family in 1921. Amy goes on in chapter 11 to tell us more about Sidis' works.

His masterpiece on the african interpretive physics went unreviewed/uncriticized on publication in 1925. Fifty-four years later, Buckminster Fuller read it and was astounded. Billy described black holes, thermodynamic reversibility, and placed a classical view of laws of thermodynamics in definition, question. Simply amazing! One can see much weight of classical SOM thinking on his mind, but one can also see his intellectual divergences from a SOM path. This chapter is worth your effort.

Amy also mentions Dan Mahony, whom Pirsig also mentions in Lila . See nearby links to Pirsig's Lila quotes on Sidis. Your reviewer feels awe imagining what Sidis might have done had he been taught quantum physics or had he known, say, Niels Bohr. Anyway, on escape from his family, he feared a return to Boston and a jail term, so he went to on apple computers, New York city. Here he met his one and only love #151; Martha Foley. Of Speach? He saw her often. One only photograph he had of her he carried everywhere and showed to every acquaintance at any slightest opportunity. In chapter 12, Amy tells us how East coast media continue to berate Sidis.

They accuse him of computers cowardice, teaching socialism, and of being raided by federal authorities #151; none of which was true. His relationship with Martha Foley progressed only to definition, a kissing stage. His dislike of money and bias paper, his hatred of of speach being used intellectually by bias research 'superiors' kept him in a low profile hiding his identity, and kept him in definition of speach, low paying jobs running mechanical computers. (Reviewer's note : One has an essay impression Billy was treated sort of like a lapdog. He was expected to perform, and adhere local cultural metrics. Definition Of Speach? He refused and persisted.

It is a comedic epiphany to grasp an inverse : academic and media lapdogs tongue-wagging and expecting humankind's highest intellect to perform for them .) He worked briefly as an interpreter. Boris Sidis died on October 24, 1923, at fifty-six. He published 17 books and 50+ magazine articles. When he died he was writing his new book, The Psychology of the Folk Tale . See A Partial List of Boris Sidis' Books. Billie received a small inheritance which he had to on picnic day, go to definition, Portsmouth to retrieve.

Everyone denigrated him for this, because they thought he didn't deserve it. Apparently, Billy never made up with his mother #151; they continued to fight. He hated oppressive authority viscerally. Inept media continued to harass Billy. One inane reporter wrote of the, tragedy that young Sidis represents. Your reviewer loved this paragraph Amy wrote in chapter 12 : If he had been a man of different temperament, perhaps he would have sent a copy of The Animate and the Inanimate to the Times , or written a letter of complaint. But he did not. He probably thought that his great work of theoretical physics was not fit for such little minds, and racial in media research paper, disdained to argue with them.

He wanted only his solitude, and now exposed as a genius, he quit his job. Page 172 of The Prodigy , 1st edition. Revision : It dawned on definition of speach your bone-headed reviewer finally, in June, 1999 possibly why Pirsig's original intent, when he wrote ZMM , was to write about lucia dessay, American Indians. What is Pirsig's MoQ about? Reality, right? What are Pirsig's two major co-permeating divisions of reality? Undefinable Dynamic Quality and definable Static Quality! What is a real world physical metaphor of definition of speach Pirsig's metaphysical reality?

Quantum science as we can affirm abundantly in Pirsig's SODV paper. What is Sidis' The Animate and the Inanimate about? Quantum science! What source for scholarships requiring essay his words animate and definition of speach, inanimate ? American Indians! Those two words are their divisions of reality. Animate iso Dynamic Quality co-permeating inanimate iso Static Quality ! How's that for a connection, reader? Awesome, eh? Quantum, eh? American Indians, William James Sidis, Robert M. Pirsig, and cascade essay, Quantum Science all see reality with nearly identical analogues! (added 29Jun1999 PDR)

East coast's bungling media thought of Sidis as a lapdog, some 'thing' that should perform to media expectations. They wrongly assumed Sidis was proud and vain. He was neither. Amy tells us William Sidis hated academia and spoke harshly of a world of academics. (Upon reading his father's Philistine and Genius , we can see why! See our review of definition of speach PG nearby.) Using a Pirsig-like, MoQ perspective, Billy saw academia as rigid, structured, bureaucratic, title- and c.v.-centric, arrogant folk of essay suffuse Static Quality.

He saw them as stuck, proud, content, and definition, satisfied. They had to be! How else could they 'teach' other people what they need to know? In both Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance ( ZMM ) and Lila , Pirsig rails about academics incapable of requiring Quality teaching because they do not know what Quality is . Definition? Billy Sidis certainly would agree. Genius in lucia dessay, agreement with genius! In this chapter, Amy compares Norbert Wiener and John Stuart Mill to William Sidis. This is definition enormously interesting, but I will leave it for your own reading and consideration. In chapter 13, Amy Wallace tells us after receiving so much ridicule from research paper media, Sidis commenced publishing under a pseudonym : Frank Folupa. Amy says pseudonyms are rarely arbitrary and her linguistic analysis produces 'crazy she-wolf.' Your reviewer's reaction : folupa is awfully close to foul-up-a. Definition Of Speach? Media thought he was a major failure, a foul-up of nature.

We will probably never know, but it is fun and lucia dessay, interesting to of speach, try. Positions of diaspora essays individual letters in definition, English alphabet produce : 6.15.12.21.16.1. Essays On Picnic Day? Again, fun, but probably not meaningful. Your reviewer, later in November, 1998 tried again to attach meaning to Sidis', folupa. Stretching phonemes, bases, and -ixes a bit we can extract, 'enlightener of leaves (pages) of books.' I think Billy would like that #151; he certainly did that most of definition of speach his short life. Put this interpretation with Amy's 'crazy she-wolf,' and bias in media, one synthesizes a chimera akin to Phaedrus. Your reviewer, in June, 1999 reviewed Sam Rosenberg's The Come as You Are Masquerade Party , Chapter III, 'The Streetcar Named Paradise Lost,' and discovered Rosenberg probably has a best case interpretation of 'folupa.' Your reviewer, in September, 1999 was contacted by Dan Mahony.

Dan gives us this in his latest email on 'falupa : ' PS His [Sidis'] use of the pseudonym Frank Falupa for his great work of taxonomy, Notes on the Collection of Transfers , was a clever use of French. 'Frank' was the clue to understanding 'fallu-pas : ' 'Frankly, not necessary.' #151; #151; Oh but it was. Chapter 13's balance primarily covers Sidis' deep interest in transfers and his 'transfer' works. Definition Of Speach? Amy says his book about transfers is arguably a second most boring book ever written (vis-à-vis a 200 page blank book by Methelà). In chapter 14 we hear more examples of Sidis' unusual behavior and misfortune attempting to lead a quasi-normal life. After publishing his book on transfers, he invested his remaining inheritance in bus stocks. Scholarships Requiring Essay? They became worthless. As a result he had to definition of speach, work, and went endlessly from one job to another. Lucia Dessay? Each job ended with people discovering who he was and of speach, then relentlessly harassing him. Amy tells us of Samuel Rosenberg's collection of essays titled, The Come As You Are Masquerade Party , in lucia dessay, which Rosenberg tells one anecdotal story about Sidis. In his story Sidis outsmarts on overbearing supervisor who thinks Sidis is doing all calculations in his head, but cannot find out for sure.

A Charlie Chaplin comedy erupts with his supervisor spying on Sidis and Sidis adjusting his behavior to compensate. More humor follows in other accounts of Sidis' funnier side. She tells us Sidis founded a Geprodis Society in 1929. It marketed Sidis' perpetual calendars which were unique because they fixed a major problem of the day #151; leap years. He also started a monthly newsletter called Geprodis Organization News . It advertised other Sidis' products and marketed translation services and definition, a manuscript circulation service for budding authors. Amy ends chapter 15 by the african essays telling us Billy thought he was an incarnation of definition of speach a mystical Gray Champion who appeared, to scholarships essay, protect against problems, at critical times in our new nation's history.

In chapter 16, Amy Wallace tells us about William's friends and family. William would not accept new friends unless they promised not to disclose his identity, his works, or his authorship of definition of speach his works to media. His attitude, again, shows his base dislike of media for their torture of him in scholarships requiring, previous malicious articles. He discussed his best work with his sister and a close friend Isaac Rab and Rab's son, Bill. But even his family rejected him sometimes. They rejected him when they knew his presence might disturb ambiance of a gathering, which was often. Of Speach? Billy often smelled and dressed in a slovenly fashion (notably he had this trait in common with some other prominent folk, e.g., Thomas Edison, Bill Gates, etc.) But perhaps worse, Billy's topics of conversation were abstruse and complex #151; not easy for typical humans to grapple.

Billy carried cartoons (he clipped them from newspapers, etc.) with him every where. Interpretive Essays? When a good joke or topic arose, Billy would pull out a corresponding (to him) cartoon, show it, and definition, then laugh detonatably. Some accused him of laughing at on apple computers his own material and his timing was atrocious. Often he was not funny, but still people thought he was hysterical. Billy did crossword puzzles in his head #151; a whole puzzle!

He was able to make ditto copies using a pie tin and some fortified household chemicals. He knew chemistry so well he could substitute chemicals to still make a process work. Bill Rab's favorite science fiction story Billy wrote was one similar to Jules Verne's story about definition of speach, time machines. Amy shows great detail about some technical issues involved which a reader may find extraordinary. Chapter 16 contains more anecdotes of William's visits to friend's and family's homes, and a mention Martha Foley gives William in her memoirs. All provocative and archetypical behavior patterns which will surprise and racial in media paper, move you. Chapter 17 recites a single time when William Sidis decided to fight against print media. Of Speach? He sued for invasion of privacy, and pushed it to finality, receiving a small consideration for his effort expended. Lucia Dessay? There is some intrigue in definition of speach, this chapter which your reviewer leaves to your discovery.

In 1941, he won his suit against Boston Sunday Advertiser and received $375. All of essay on apple this leaves a reader with a view that journalists are inept and slimy, but for journalism they could have no other work. though politician comes to definition of speach, mind. Chapter 18 is one of scholarships requiring Amy's more convoluted efforts ranging over worn territory. She spends significant time on William's publications, describes his run-in with Julius Eichel, jumps to definition of speach, his efforts on transfer collection, tells us about essay, Billy's high blood pressure and more on his politics, shows that transfer collectors can be as evil as journalists, and ends saying William is still doing battle with The New Yorker . Of Speach? Duh! In chapter 19 we learn what we already knew #151; William hated his mother, furiously. We learn that Sarah becomes quite wealthy on her own and needs Helena's near constant social attention for security. As Sarah aged, she became worse and worse #151; almost impossible to be around. Amy tells us specific examples where William refused to work for large sums of money for highly skilled tasks, but would do similar things for his friends and family for nothing. William certainly was paradoxical and eccentric.

Later, we have something Pirsig would just love. Billy expatiates on American Indian lore. On Apple? Fascinating! He now knows one person with whom he can have true intellectual tête-à-tête : Nathan Sharfman , a Harvard graduate whom Alfred North Whitehead said would save American philosophy, but who became a taxi driver and an alcoholic instead. Sidis liked him! Amy describes incredible visits by definition Sidis and racial bias, Sharfman to Paul Saunders' home. Sharfman told Saunders that Sidis was the of speach, greatest brain in the african interpretive essays, our USA.

Sidis loved Saunders' library. He would browse Saunders' 20 volume Golden Bough set with ease and almost as if he knew it all, in parallel, instantaneously. He knew what material was on of speach which page in Saunders' whole set! (Sharfman brought to mind a recent movie, Good Will Hunting , touched upon bias in media paper briefly in a Harvard link near this page's top.) 6Oct99 : Many people who visited Saunders were Marxists then. Of Speach? However, Saunders said he never thought of Billy as a Marxist. Diaspora Essays? (Note : This directly contradicts what Kathleen Montour wrote in her, William James Sidis, The Broken Twig , 'American Psychologist,' April, 1977, pp.265-279.) Your reviewer found one comment particularly cogent and definition, timely.

Amy says, According to William's theory of bias in media research paper geographical/political continuity, a people tended to of speach, repeat its political history over and over again. To read and diaspora, review that in September of 1998, when Slick/sick/sociopathic Wiley Clinton is doing his grand culturally relativistic exit. (spellings intentional : ). (We conjecture this cycling will form a new vortex during Millennium III's early centuries. Definition Of Speach? Why? A great shift away from classicism and relativism has commenced lead by a new quantum philosophy, metaphysics, ontology, science, and language. William James Sidis would love to policy institute essay competition, play in of speach, that new flux! Mayhaps he shall! PDR) Chapter 19 also tells of William's active political behavior, his gaining attention of FBI, etc. His The New Yorker lawsuit gets into full swing and becomes mean.

William probably would have won a libel case against The New Yorker , but they did not want that to happen so an out of cascade institute essay court settlement was reached. William received an estimated $500-600 in April, 1944 (just three months before his death). Both parties felt they won. Chapter 19 ends on a powerful and poignant note #151; read Amy's book to find out. Chapter 20 tells us William had a stroke on July 13, 1944. He died on July 17, 1944 of of speach a massive cerebral hemorrhage. Amy's Epilogue is superb. Lucia Dessay? I will leave that adventure for definition of speach you. East coast's evil media continued its tirade even after his death. Amy tells us, William's obituaries were an lucia dessay orgy of definition of speach reveling in his supposed failed life. most contained factual errors. Today we see similar journalistic and media ineptness. truly sad.

But Sidis' life proved children with good genetic inheritance may be nurtured extensively with proper care and love in very early days of their stint here in scholarships requiring, Static Quality. Boris and definition, Sarah succeeded! They enhanced Dynamic Quality's creation, The Prodigy . Boris and Sarah Sidis' theory of educating children experiences great criticism in some venues of our classical 'education' system. Their (IMO, inept) antagonists claim harm to children who are raised this way. Certainly Sidises denied Billy some crucial social experiences. Certainly, Boris' and Sarah's own predilections and hurts from their early experiences in Russia affected their tutelage of Billy, but any intellectual and spiritual adventures he experienced were beyond anything we normal beings know. Essays On Picnic Day? We should cease listening to definition, these inert classical educators. Essay On Apple? Their realm is one of more Static Quality. Their realm is of speach a lowest common denominator. Sidis' realm is one of peaks, ascendances, and strong interrelationships with Dynamic Quality.

Many of us, especially those who live in MoQland, want to rear children of highest intellectual and spiritual character. As Billy discovered, any actual socialist morally-relativistic regime achieves an opposite. Thanks for reading, and. Many truths to essay, you, Note : The Prodigy is definition of speach currently out of print.

Your reviewer was able to find a clean first edition through John Gach books. You can find them and cascade policy institute competition, other 'previously owned' booksellers on WWW's Internet. Of Speach? We are currently in discussions with www.amazon.com encouraging them to work an agreement with Amy Wallace, et al., to do JIT (just in time) printing of The Prodigy . Policy Institute Independence Essay Competition? Send them your own email, and encourage this. It will make possible rapid access, by our many Quantonics site visitors, to this great work. If you find material in this review interesting, please allow us to suggest you see other media on similar subjects : 7Jan2000 Good Will Hunting - superb Academy Award winning movie with Robin Williams, Matt Damon, Ben Affleck, and Minnie Driver depicting a modern, more interrelationship-driven chimera of of speach a Sidis-like Homo sapiens. 7Jan2000 Little Man Tate - movie with Adam Hann-Byrd as Little Man Tate, Jodie Foster as his mother (won an Oscar), and Harry Connick Jr. cameos. 6Oct99 : Mercury Rising - movie (Bruce Willis Alec Baldwin, about an autist/savant - note comments about too much sensory capacity - relate autism to sophism, paralogism, narcolepsy, paradice , schizophrenia, and many truths - psychology is an inexact 'science,' as experienced directly by Phædrus). 20Aug2000 : Dead Poet's Society - movie with Robin Williams (rough approximation of a working adult WJS), et al., showing extreme hegemonic academia's attempted static lock on youthful dynamis and intellect. Professor Keating (My captain, Oh! My captain!) urges more dynamis as an antidote to academia's rigidity.

But stasis appears to win. temporarily. Empirical evolution wins too, at great cost. Old and stagnant replaced by essays on picnic day new and vibrant! Apparent classical wins are actually losses (I.e., quantum wins.). This movie is of speach a metaphor of what is on picnic day happening in Western culture today, especially in definition, USA.

20Aug2000 : The Simple Life of Noah Dearborn - movie with Sidney Poitier. Genius and requiring essay, savant woodworker gets societal (social value) treatment for definition his high intellect and essays, is thrown in an asylum so that social value may acquire his wealth. A la Pirsig's woof du blanc. 23May2000 : The Legend of definition Bagger Vance - superb movie with Matt Damon (Junah), Will Smith (Bagger). Genius golfer learns how to tap into 'reserve energy' as taught by paraphenomenal Bagger. 23May2000 : Finding Forrester - Scent of a Womanesque movie with Sean Connery (Forrester), Rob Brown (Jamal). Young black genius receives very high Quality mentoring from an unlikely recluse. Forrester shows Jamal techniques for essay computers tapping an author's 'reserve energy' as he thinks professional authors should. Both this movie and Bagger Vance above offer many quantum essences.

We see practical tutelage of definition how to become more quantum cohesive with our surroundings. Noah Dearborn movie is very similar. Lucia Dessay? Tapping 'reserve energy' depends upon learning how to become 'one,' i.e., quantum coherent with our tools, activities, and definition, comtexts. Powder - movie (very controversial movie because of its director #151; Salva). 7Jan2000 Glenn Gould - Thirty two short films about essay, - movie (eccentric prodigy pianist; from of speach our perspective Glenn intuited and lived in quantum waves; see the website dedicated to cascade policy institute independence essay competition, him by Sony; listen to his 30 Goldberg variations and aria (alpha, omega) by Bach, and read Richard Powers' book The Gold Bug Variations #151;30 chapters and aria). A related short story is : 20Aug2000 : The Goldbug , by Edgar Allen Poe. Poe is a philosopher! As Cheri Mathew pointed out to us, Poe juxtaposes mathematical (dialectical) reasoning as inanimate and of speach, stasis (Pirsig's SQ) vis-à-vis alternatives as animate and lucia dessay, dynamis (Pirsig's DQ).

Recall that WJS' title for his great book on physics is The Animate and the Inanimate ! Cheri and Doug shared a delightful three hour lunch discussing this scrumptious topic. Thanks Cheri! 7Jan2000 Glenn Gould - movie from Sony's Gould collection, XIII. The Goldberg Variations , shows Glenn Gould playing Bach's 30 Goldberg variations and entry-exit aria. Suggest you listen to Gould's CD, and of speach, read Powers' incredible book, and watch these Glenn Gould movies.

Sony publishes other performances by lucia dessay Gould also. Shine - movie (superb movie biography of pianist David Helfgott, see David Helfgott). IQ - movie (funny and fun with Einstein, Podolsky, and Kurt Gödel #151; Meg Ryan as Einstein's niece). Hermann Hesse's Long Summer (to complement our Magister Ludi book recommendation below) - This documentary shows how Hesse was able to definition of speach, escape inhumanity and institutionalized ridicule which plagued Sidis his entire life. See our Magister Ludi book recommendation below. Many comments in this documentary depend upon essay computers one's prior reading of Hesse's works, especially Magister Ludi . Definition? Learn Life's Purpose! Learn why you must become one with Nature to essays day, be real. Of Speach? Learn how Hesse's own growth process, of learning how to lucia dessay, tap his complementary 'reserve energy' and of speach, reality's absolute change, enabled his capabilities to write Magister Ludi and other marvelous books. You may purchase this video by calling 1-212-941-0999, or by visiting www.mysticfire.com, Mystic Fire Video, Inc.'s website (no affiliation to Quantonics).

Books: (bullet dates show when we posted entries, red text shows subsequent entry alterations) 6Mar2001 Magister Ludi ( The Glass Bead Game ), by Hermann Hesse, Holt-Reinhart-Winston, 1969 (Orig. 1943; Nobel Literature prize, 1945-6) We recommend this book to those of in media research you interested in William James Sidis. Hesse, a staunch pacifist, is definition of speach much like Sidis in that particular regard. Policy Institute Essay Competition? Hesse's main character Joseph Knecht, in Magister Ludi , is even more like WJS especially in his levels of precocities and giftedness. Where Sidis suffered inhumanities and institutionalized ridicule, both Hesse and his Character Knecht escape them. This book offers many similarities to Sidis and complements those with examples of what might have been for Sidis. Learn about of speach, Hesse's version of Castalia (also see Virgil's Georgic III, line 300).

Learn about Joseph Knecht's ascendancy to on apple computers, Castalia's Magister Ludi. Learn about his instinctive dislike (much like that of Hesse) for staticity and of speach, institutional stuckness. Read about Knecht's fascinating experiences with I Ching, et al. Scholarships? There is much in this book, while its language and prose are stimulating, uplifting, and challenging. Definition Of Speach? More later. Quantonics, Inc., 1998-2010 #151; Rev. 12Dec2008 PDR #151; Created : 2Sep1998 PDR (1 of 2) (See list of revisions at page bottom.) Pirsig's momentous discovery of William James Sidis as portrayed in lucia dessay, his novel, Lila : Back down in the plains, in a country motel one night with nothing to read, Phædrus had found a small dog-eared Yankee magazine, thumbed through it, and of speach, stopped on a brief account by the african diaspora interpretive Cathie Slater Spence entitled, 'In Search of the April Fool.' It was about a child prodigy who had possibly the highest intelligence ever observed, and who in his later life went nowhere. 'Born on April 1, 1898,' it said, 'William James Sidis could speak five languages and read Plato in the original Greek by the age of five. At eight he passed the entrance for of speach Harvard but had to wait three years to be admitted. Even so he became Harvard's youngest scholar and graduated cum laude in 1914 at the age of policy institute competition 16.

Frequently featured in Ripley's Believe It or Not , Sidis made the of speach, front page of the lucia dessay, New York Times 19 times.' But after graduating from Harvard, the definition, 'Boy Wonder' pursued his own obscure and cascade policy institute independence essay, seemingly meaningless interests. The press that had lionized him turned on him. The most scathing example came in the New Yorker in definition of speach, 1937. The African Diaspora Interpretive Essays? Entitled 'April Fool,' the magazine article ridiculed everything from Sidis's hobbies to his physical characteristics. Definition? Sidis sued for libel and invasion of privacy. Racial Bias Research Paper? Though he won a small out-of-court settlement for of speach libel, the on apple, invasion of privacy charge was dismissed by the U.S. Supreme Court in a landmark decision. 'The article is merciless in its dissection of intimate details of definition its subject's personal life,' the court conceded, but Sidis was 'a public figure' and thus could not claim protection from the interest of the press, which continued to hound him until his death in 1944.

Obituaries called him 'a prodigious failure' and 'a burnt-out genius' who had never achieved anything of significance despite his talents. Dan Mahony of Ipswich, Massachusetts, read about Sidis in 1976 and was puzzled. On Apple? 'What was he really doing and thinking all that time?' Mahony wondered. 'It's true he held low-paying jobs, but Einstein came up with the theory of relativity while working in a patent office. I had a feeling Sidis was up to of speach, more than most people thought.' Mahony has spent the last ten years looking into Sidis's work. In one dusty attic, he found a bulky manuscript called The Tribes and computers, the States in which Sidis argues persuasively that the New England political system was profoundly influenced by the democratic federation of the Penacook Indians. At this sentence, a kind of shock passed through Phædrus, but the article went on. When Mahony sent Sidis's book The Animate and Inanimate to definition, another eccentric genius, Buckminster Fuller, Fuller found it 'a fine cosmological piece' that astoundingly predicted the existence of black holes #151; in 1925! Mahony has unearthed a science fiction novel, economic, and the african diaspora interpretive, political writings, and 89 weekly newspaper columns about definition of speach, Boston that Sidis wrote under a pen name. 'The amazing thing is that we may only have tapped the surface of what Sidis produced,' says Mahony. 'For instance, we've found just one page of essays on picnic a manuscript called The Peace Paths , and people who knew Sidis have said they saw many more manuscripts. Definition? I think Sidis may still have a few surprises in store for us.'

Phædrus set down the magazine and felt as though someone had thrown a rock through the motel window. Then he read the article over and over again in a sort of daze, as the impact of the african diaspora what he was reading sank deeper and deeper. That night he could hardly sleep. It looked as though way back in the thirties Sidis had been on exactly the of speach, same thesis about Indians. He was trying to scholarships requiring, tell people some of the most important things that could be said about their country and they were rewarding him by publicly calling him a 'fool' and failing to publish what he had written.

There didn't even seem to of speach, be any way to find out day, what Sidis had said. Phædrus tried to definition of speach, contact the Mahony mentioned in the article but couldn't find him, partly, he supposed, because his effort was only half-hearted. He knew that even if he did get a look at Sidis' material there wasn't much he could do about on picnic day, it. The problem wasn't that it wasn't true. The problem was that nobody was interested. Pp. Definition? 56-7, Lila , hardbound edition, end of chapter four. Pirsig's inference of the african interpretive essays Sidis' vow of celibacy, Lila : Phædrus thought about William James Sidis, the prodigy who could read five languages when he was five years old.

After discovering what Sidis had said about Indians, Phædrus had read a full biography of him and found that when Sidis was a teenager he announced he would refuse to have anything to do with sex for the rest of his life. It seemed as though in order to definition of speach, sustain a satisfactory intellectual life he felt he had to cut himself off from social and on picnic, biological domination except where they were absolutely necessary. This vow of ancient priests and ascetics was once considered a high form of morality, but in of speach, the 'Roaring Twenties' of the twentieth century a new standard of morals had arrived, and when journalists found out about this vow they ridiculed Sidis mercilessly. That coincided with the beginning of a pattern of seclusion that lasted the rest of his life. 'Is it better to have wisdom or is it better to policy, be attractive to definition, the ladies?' That was a question debated by in media research Provençal poets way back in the thirteenth century. Sidis opted for wisdom, but it seemed to Phædrus there ought to be some way you could have both. The question seemed to imply the stupidity of women but a feminist could turn it around and ask, 'Is it better to have wisdom or to be attractive to men!' That's practically the theme song of the whole feminist movement. Although the definition, feminists and the male Provençal poets would appear to be condemning the opposite sex, they are, in fact, both actually condemning the requiring essay, same thing : not men, not women, but static biological antagonism to social and intellectual Quality.

PP. Definition Of Speach? 203-4, Lila , hardbound edition. Pirsig's connection to Sidis' squirrel logic metaphor, Lila : However, in his rereading of James, he had so far found three things that were beginning to dissolve his early prejudice. The first wasn't really a reason but was such an essay unlikely coincidence Phædrus couldn't get it out of his mind. James was the godfather of William James Sidis, the child prodigy who could speak five languages at the age of five and who thought colonial democracy came from the Indians.

The second was a reference to James' dislike of the dichotomy of the universe into subjects and objects. That, of definition of speach course, put him automatically on the side of Phædrus' angels. But the on picnic day, third thing, which might also seem irrelevant, but which was doing more than anything else to dissolve Phædrus' early prejudice, was an anecdote James told about a squirrel. James and definition, a group of friends were on lucia dessay an outing somewhere and one of them chased the squirrel around a tree. The squirrel instinctively clung to the opposite side of the of speach, tree and essay computers, moved so that as the man circled the tree the squirrel also circled it on the opposite side.

After observing this, James and of speach, his friends engaged in a philosophic discussion of the question : Did the man go around the scholarships requiring, squirrel or didn't he? The group broke into two philosophical camps and Phædrus didn't remember how the argument was resolved. What impressed him was James' interest in the question. It showed that although James was no doubt an expert philosophologist (certainly he had to of speach, be to teach the stuff at Harvard) he was also a philosopher in the creative sense. A philosophologist would have been mildly contemptuous of such a discussion because it had no 'importance,' that is, no body of philosophical writings existed about it. But to lucia dessay, a creative philosopher like James the question was like catnip. It had the smell of what it is that draws real philosophers into philosophy.

Did the man go around the squirrel or didn't he? He was north, south, east, and west of the definition, squirrel, so he must have gone around it. Scholarships Requiring? Yet at definition no time had he ever gone to essay, the back or to of speach, the side of the squirrel. That squirrel could say with absolute scientific certitude, 'That man never got around me.' Who is right? Is there more than one meaning of the word 'around?' That's a surprise! That's like discovering more than one true system of geometry.

How many meanings are there and which one is right? It seems as though the institute independence essay, squirrel is using the term 'around' in a way that is of speach relative to itself but the man is using it in a way that is relative to an absolute point in space outside of the squirrel and himself. But if we drop the squirrel's relative point of view and we take the absolute fixed point of view, what are we letting ourselves in for? From a fixed point in space every human being on this planet goes around every other human being to the east or west of him once a day. The whole East River does a half-cartwheel over the Hudson each morning and another one under it each evening. Is this what we want to mean by 'around?' If so, how useful is it? And if the squirrel's relative point of view is racial bias paper false, how useless is of speach it? What emerges is that the word 'around,' which seems like one of the most clear and diaspora essays, absolute and definition, fixed terms in the universe suddenly turns out to be relative and subjective. What is 'around' depends on who you are and essays on picnic, what you're thinking about at definition the time you use it.

The more you tug at it the more things start to unravel. One such philosophic tugger was Albert Einstein, who concluded that all time and space are relative to diaspora, the observer. We are always in the position of that squirrel. Man is always the definition of speach, measure of all things, even in matters of space and dimension. Persons like James and Einstein, immersed in the spirit of philosophy, do not see things like squirrels circling trees as necessarily trivial because solving puzzles like that are what they're in philosophy and essay computers, science for. Real science and real philosophy are not guided by preconceptions of what subjects are important to definition, consider. Pp. Lucia Dessay? 325-6, Lila , hardbound edition. Pirsig on Sidis' view of the American cultural immune system, Lila : The experience of William James Sidis had shown that you can't just tell people about Indians and expect them to listen. They already know about Indians.

Their cup of definition of speach tea is full. The cultural immune system will keep them from hearing anything else. Phædrus hoped this Quality metaphysics was something that would get past the immune system and show that American Indian mysticism is not something alien from American culture. It's a deep submerged hidden root of policy institute independence competition it. P. Definition? 408, Lila , hardbound edition. A Partial List of Boris Sidis' Books:

A Study of Galvanometric Deflections An Experimental Study of racial bias research Sleep Human Progress Multiple Personality, 1904, D. Appleton Company (See note 1 below.) Nervous Ills, Their Cause and Cure, 1922, J. J. Little Ives Company Philistine and Genius, May 1911, Moffat, Yard Co., NY (See note 2 below.) Psychopathological Researches, Studies in Mental Dissociation, 1902, G. E. Of Speach? Stechert Co. Symptomatology, Psychognosis, and Diagnosis of Psychopathic Diseases, 1914, Gorman Press The Causation and Treatment of Psychopathic Diseases, 1916, Gorman Press (See note 3 below.) The Foundations of Normal and Abnormal Psychology The Nature and Causation of the Galvanic Phenomenon The Psychology of Suggestion The Psychology of Laughter. Note 1 : Boris Sidis dedicated this text to racial bias in media, William James thus, Who has drawn my attention to the vast and important domain of abnormal mental life, who has inspired me with love for the study of the 'varieties' of human experience, who has given me sympathy and hearty support in many an hour of trial, this work is affectionately dedicated. Note 2 : Boris Sidis dedicated this text to The Fathers and Mothers of the United States. Note 3 : Boris' dedication page in this text is simply two quotes. First a quote from Virgil's Georgic II (original in Greek) which he (for some strange reason) shows in definition, Latin : Felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas, Atque metus omnes, et inexorabile fatum, Subjecit pedibus, strepitumque Acherontis avari . Our interpretation of on apple computers Boris' Latin is of speach (Acheron is. Joyous are those who have skills [things] to cognize Nature's hidden causes,

All terrors everywhere, with inexorable doom, And beneath her feet [in Hell], avaricious Acheron's big noise. (Consider subjecit is 'below' objecit : legacy classical inversion of quantum reality.) Virgil, Georgic II , approximately line 450 of original. Second quote is from Lucretius' De Rerum Natura : Hunc igitur terrorem animi tenebrasque necessest. Non radii solis neque lucida tela diei.

Discutiant, sed naturae species ratioque. Lucretius, De Rerum Natura. Our own interpretation of Boris' Latin version : Life's terrors and policy institute independence essay, darkness of mind must. Not be chased away by Sol's many directed rays of light, Rather by definition of speach Nature's own laws and rationale. Lucretius, On the nature of Things (Lucretius' reality was highly substantial and objective!) Roughly line 50-60 of racial in media Book II. We see in Boris' choices of quotes above, classical SOMwitted predilections to evil and negatives. If Boris spoon fed this substance-based objective hyperBoole to of speach, William, we can see how William became rebellious and the african diaspora, remote to Boris, Sarah, and other classically 'objective' friends, co-workers, and definition of speach, relatives. A quantum perspective of reality sees no intrinsic evil in Nature as depicted in those quotes. Quantum reality's only intrinsic is absolute change, which Robert M. Racial Bias Paper? Pirsig calls Quality.

As we can see quite easily, ancient Greek perspectives of reality, based upon substance and material things which 'exist,' impose objective dichotomies on human classical thing-king. Definition? If you want more evidence, just read Virgil's Georgics and Lucretius' On the Nature of Things (text available online several locations, though we suggest you avoid MIT site's severe problems). From that unfortunate mindset, all ancient Greece's wrathful and negative unidimensional and unilogical dichotomies arise : good-evil, love-hate, right-wrong, and scholarships, so on. Our assessment of William's own mindset, and his extreme instincts, intuitions, and intellect, is definition of speach that he did not intuit SOM's dichotomies, nor its objective negation. He was trained, propagandized, and indoctrinated in scholarships essay, them. Had he intuited them exclusive of definition of speach more qualitative quantum reality, he would not have been capable of fathoming J. C. Maxwell's great failures of lucia dessay insistence on an analytic, deterministic (necessary-cause-effect), homogeneous (unilogical), closed, and conservative classical reality. Maxwell's contrived second law of definition thermodynamics declared only posentropy as possible.

William found Maxwell's classical memes intuitively unpalatable. Bravo William! We think William either intuited or was in racial bias in media research, a process of grasping Bergson's important quantum meme that classical negation is subjective. All modern science and mathematics and philosophical 'falsifiability' depend on objective negation for logical viability. Definition? We think William intuited this, but he was alone in his view, and any attempts to essays on picnic day, promote it would have only brought him more ridicule. Thanks for reading. Doug 6Mar2001. Visit this site for a short, quick overview of William James' philosophy : You will see many truths, unification of subject-object, and other concord with Pirsig's MoQ.

Since we recommended that link above, we reviewed James' last work which was published posthumously. Titled, Some Problems of definition of speach Philosophy , it shows to what extent James moved beyond pragmatism, and essay on apple, how closely he approached a new quantum philosophy. We highly recommend you see our review of definition of speach this work It also shows how closely he aligns Pirsig's Metaphysics of Quality. James shows great respect for Henri Louis Bergson in his last work. We are reviewing Bergson's works. See : early 2nd quarter, 2001 (In early March, 2001 we are well into our web page development of this review.) Matter and Memory - due. late 3rd quarter, 2001 (Subsequent this review, we commence intense efforts on WJS' AIA review.) Please be aware that these reviews require huge efforts. We apologize that it takes at lucia dessay least a whole quarter to accomplish a single review and its web site preparation. As an example, just our Index page for definition of speach Bergson's Time and bias paper, Free Will took over two weeks of effort.

Its indices offer over 700 links back to definition, 35 topics (240 pages) and his Conclusion, and we are marking (with bold and color) link targets in their respective topic pages. Essay On Apple? Our effort is to enhance your ease of definition of speach use of these fabulous texts. Too, we consider Bergson's genius close to that of essays on picnic WJS. We also sense that French philosophers have much greater instinctive and of speach, intuitive notions about various philosophical perspectives of quantum reality. Bergson, Poincaré, d'Espagnat, et al., anticipated our current quantum revolution long before any other nationality that we know about. Plus, according to cascade policy institute, American philosopher William James (WJS' god-parent/namesake; Boris' mentor), French philosopher Charles Renouvier did too.

James claims Renouvier converted him from Grecian classical monism to more quantum pluralism. We highly recommend these reviews to of speach, you as important adjuncts to James' last work. Essays On Picnic? Consider all of these reviews as foundation prior to reading and of speach, understanding William James Sidis' The Animate and the Inanimate . 1944-1945) When I think of America again, Of what it could be, or was meant to be, I shall see Sidis, with the cascade policy institute independence essay, light upon His face, the of speach, light of genius, that made him more An angel than a man. He was no failure. You could roll Harvard, its professors and Its learning into one. He could have taught That one. The proof?

Not one in essay on apple, Harvard knew Enough to honor him. From part of an attachment to a letter by of speach Helena to lucia dessay, Julius Eichel and family, on 19Dec44. - Folders 10-11, DG-131, Box 3, Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Our thanks to Swarthmore College, and Wendy Chmielewski, Peace Collection curator. Any contributions to Swarthmore's Peace Collection may be directed toward scanning. Sidis-related materials into of speach a hyper-linked archive. Lucia Dessay? We encourage this. Robert M. Pirsig. agrees.

See a portion of his letter to us, below. Rev. Definition? 6Oct1999 PDR Return Pirsig, in a recent letter (September 29, 1999) to us, agrees, . I am very pleased, however, that you're following up on William Sidis. About 10 years ago Mahony showed me a 3-foot cubic box filled to cascade institute essay competition, the top with manuscripts Sidis wrote that have never been published. I looked at them, but decided sadly then that a commercial publisher would probably lose money on them. Definition? That was before the lucia dessay, internet.

Now I think it is extremely important that someone put these manuscripts on-line. Although their commercial value is low their cultural and definition of speach, intellectual value is policy institute essay enormous. Rev. Of Speach? 6Oct1999 PDR Return. To contact Quantonics write to or call : Suite 18 #368 1950 East Greyhound Pass. Carmel, INdiana 46033-7730. Quantonics, Inc., 1998-2010 #151; Rev. 12Dec2008 PDR #151; Created : 2Sep1998 PDR (2 of 2) (9Jan2000 rev. by Doug - Extend with Good Will Hunting and reformat/revise other media recommendations.) (8Mar2000 rev - Repair typos.) (10Apr2000 rev - Add links to James' and Bergson reviews. Add info to Boris' book list and subsequent comments, re : Philistine Genius.) (11Apr2000 rev - Repair missing links! Had to Google-cache two missing Dave Slater links.) (20Aug2000 rev - Repair Dave Slater's new home page which we had lost.

Thanks Dave! Add some movie and book titles, too!) (9Oct2000 rev - Add 'autism' link to our new Aug-Sep2000 piece on scholarships requiring Stairways and Our Quantum Stages as 'illusions.') (1Nov2000 rev - Extend list of definition of speach Bergson's books which we shall review. Add 'narcolepsy' to quantum stairs link.) (15Jan2001 rev - Update news link for year 2001.) (15Feb2001 rev - Remove dead casagrande link.) (6Mar2001 rev - Add note 3 to essays on picnic, Boris Sidis book list. Definition? Started our relevant media book list. Edit review status near page top/bottom.) (6Mar2001 rev - Other minor edits for racial bias currency.) (23May2001 rev - Add more video suggestions and commentary on of speach how to tap 'reserve energy.') (6Aug2001 rev - Add Steppenwolf Recommended Reading commentary. See top page link.) (13Aug2001 rev - Correct 'Return to Arches' links.) (12Nov2001 rev - Correct Prometheus Society link.) (27Nov2001 rev - Add browser frame break.) (22Mar2002 rev - Repair News link from 2001 to 2002. Add link to A Beautiful Mind .) (2Jun2002 rev - Add link to our newly completed review of Bergson's Time and Free Will. ) (9Aug2002 rev - Add Glenn Gould anchor.) (14Sep2002 rev - Minor typo [an. adjuncts] near page bottom.) (29Apr2003 rev - Add link to Sidis materials in our News Archive.) (20Aug2003 rev - Redirect our top of lucia dessay page News link to definition, new material in lucia dessay, 2003 August News.) (16Nov2003 rev - Repair spelling of 'Academy.') (18Dec2003 rev - Discard some wasted text. Reset red text and of speach, some markup dates.) (5Mar2004 rev - Repair A Beautiful Mind Review link.

Repair Swarthmore link.) (30Dec2004 rev - Update News link. Show AIA intentions for essays 2005.) (21Feb2005 rev - Typos in new red text updates.) (8Dec2005 rev - Add page top announcement of relevant Birth of definition of speach SOM updates.) (8Oct2006 rev - Adjust format slightly. Essays? Adjust colors. Massive respell.) (23Apr2007 rev - Minor format adjustments.) (22Sep2007 rev - Add Gershom Scholem Kabbalah Hesperia quote near page top.) (27Oct2008 rev - Repair typos. Replace wingdings and symbol fonts with gifs.) (13Dec2008 rev - Repair some minor problems in definition, text.)

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Your Ultimate APA Format Guide Generator. APA stands for the American Psychological Association, which is an organization that focuses on psychology. They are responsible for creating APA Style. APA Style, or APA citing, is used by many scholars and researchers in the behavior and social sciences, not just psychology. APA Style is a way to format citations. There are other citation formats such as MLA and Chicago, but APA is most popular in the science fields.

Following the same standard format for citations allows readers to understand the types of sources used in a project and definition also understand their components. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is currently in its 6th edition. Essays On Picnic? It outlines proper ways to organize and definition of speach structure a research paper, explains grammar guidelines, and also how to properly cite sources. This page focuses on how to create APA citations. We cite sources for many reasons. One reason is to give credit to the creator of the work that you used to help you with your research.

When you use another person’s research or information to help you with your project, it is cascade independence, important to give acknowledgement to that individual. This is one way to of speach prevent plagiarism. Another reason why we create citations is to provide a standard way for others to understand and possibly explore the sources we used. To learn more about citations, check out this page on crediting work. Click here to learn more on how to the african diaspora interpretive be careful of plagiarism. There are two types of citations in APA. Of Speach? In-text citations are found in lucia dessay, the body of the project and are used when adding a direct quote or paraphrase into your work. Reference citations are found in the reference list, which is at the end of the definition assignment and includes the full APA citations of all sources used in a project. Depending on the types of day, sources that you used for your project, the format you use for your citations is different for each source type. There is definition of speach, a certain format for books, a different one for journal articles, a different one for websites, and lucia dessay so on. Scroll down to find the appropriate APA citation format for of speach your sources.

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Each source used to help with the gathering of definition of speach, research or information for your project is listed as a full citation in the reference list, which is usually the last part of a project. The APA citation format for on apple computers each source is based on the type of source used. Scroll down to see examples of some common source formats. Most citations include the definition following pieces of information, commonly in this order: Author’s Last name, First Initial. (Date published).

Title of Source. Location of Publisher: Publisher. Lucia Dessay? Retrieved from URL. To determine the definition exact format for your full APA citations, scroll down to the section titled, “Common ALA Examples.” If you’re looking for an easy way to racial bias in media paper create your citations, use BibMe’s APA citation machine. Our APA citation maker automatically formats your citations quickly and easily. Authors are displayed in reverse order: Last name, First initial, Middle initial, followed with a period. In an APA citation, include all authors shown on a source.

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For book titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the essay on apple first word in definition, the title and the same for the subtitle in your APA citation. Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Place this information in italics. Essay On Apple? End it with a period. Example: Gone with the wind. For articles and chapter titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle. Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Do not italicize the title or place it in quotation marks. Definition Of Speach? End it with a period.

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In S.R. Binford L.R. Binford (Eds.), Archeology in cultural systems (pp. 151-160). Essay? Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=vROM3JrrRa0C=PP1=archeology=PR9#v=onepage=archeology=false.

Editor, A.A. (Ed.). (Year published). Title of of speach, edited book . Location: Publisher. Gupta, R. (Ed.). (2003). Remote sensing geology . Germany: Springer-Verlag. Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Scholarships Requiring? Title of article or page . Retrieved from URL. Mardell, M. (2017). Facing the of speach robotic revolution . Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-39028030.

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Spreer, P., Rauschnabel, P.A. (2016, September). Selling with technology: Understanding the resistance to mobile sales assistant use in retailing. Journal of Personal Selling Sales Management, 36 (3), 240-263. doi:10.1080/08853134.2016.1208100. Don’t forget, BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps your cite your sources quickly and definition of speach easily! Our free APA citation maker is simple to use! Citations for Newspapers found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year, Month Day).

Title of article. Title of Newspaper . Racial In Media? Retrieved from URL. Khullar, D. (2017, February 22). Bad hospital design is making us sicker. The New York Times . Retrieved from https://nyti.ms/2lujQ76.

Looking for an APA formatter to help you cite your newspaper sources? Check out BibMe’s APA citation machine! Our APA format generator, or APA citation builder, creates your citations quickly and easily. In Text and Parenthetical Citations. What is an APA In Text Citation or Parenthetical Citation? The purpose of APA in text and parenthetical citations is to give the reader a brief idea as to where you found your information, while they’re in the middle of reading or viewing your project. You may include direct quotes in the body of your project, which are word-for-word quotes from another source. Or, you may include a piece of information that you paraphrased into your own words. These are called parenthetical citations. Both direct quotes and definition of speach paraphrased information include an in text citation directly following it. You also need to include the full citation for the source in the APA reference list, which is lucia dessay, usually the last item in a project.

In Text Citations for Direct Quotes: In APA format, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote. Definition Of Speach? It should include the page number or section information to help the reader locate the scholarships quote themselves. Buck needed to adjust rather quickly upon his arrival in Canada. He states, “no lazy, sun-kissed life was this, with nothing to do but loaf and be bored. Here was neither peace, nor rest, nor a moment’s safety” (London, 1903, p. 25). In Text Citations for Paraphrased Information:

When taking an idea from another source and placing it in your own words, it is not necessary to include the definition of speach page number, but you can add it if the source is large and you want to direct readers right to the information. At the time, papyrus was used to create paper, but it was only grown and available in mass quantities in Egypt. This posed a problem for the Greeks and Romans, but they managed to on picnic day have it exported to their civilizations. Of Speach? Papyrus thus remained the material of choice for paper creation (Casson, 2001). How to diaspora essays Format In Text and definition Parenthetical Citations: After a direct quote or paraphrase, place in parentheses the last name of the author, add a comma, and then the year the source was published. If citing a direct quote, also include the page number that the information was found on. Racial Research Paper? Close the parentheses and add a period afterwards. In APA format, if the author’s name is included in the text of your project, omit their name from the in-text citation and only include the other identifying pieces of information. Smith states that, “the Museum Effect is concerned with how individuals look at a work of art, but only in the context of looking at that work along with a number of other works” (2014, p. 82).

If your source has two authors, always include both names in each in-text citation. If your source has three, four, or five authors, include all names in the first in-text citation along with the date. In the following in text citations, only include the first author’s name and follow it with et al. 1st in-text citation: (Gilley, Johnson, Witchell, 2015) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Gilley, et al.) If your source has six or more authors, only include the first author’s name in the first citation and definition follow it with et al. Include the year the source was published and the page numbers (if it is a direct quote). 1st in-text citation: (Jasper, et al., 2017) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Jasper, et al., 2017) If your source was written by a company, organization, government agency, or other type of requiring essay, group, include the definition group’s name in full in the first in on picnic day, text citation.

In any in text citations following it, it is acceptable to definition shorten the group name to something that is on apple, simple and understandable. 1st citation: (American Eagle Outfitters, 2017) 2nd and subsequent citations: (American Eagle, 2017) Check out this page to learn more about parenthetical citations. Also, BibMe’s APA citation machine creates your parenthetical citations quickly and easily. Towards the end of creating a full reference citation, you’ll see the option to create a parenthetical citation in the APA format generator. The listing of of speach, all sources used in your project are found in the APA reference list, which is usually the last page or part of scholarships essay, a project. Included in this reference list are sources you used to gather research and of speach other information. In APA format, it is not necessary to include personal communications in the reference list, such as personal emails or letters. Essays On Picnic Day? These specific sources only need in-text citations, which are found in of speach, the body of your project.

All APA citations, or references, are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. If you have two sources by the same author, place them in in media research paper, order by the year of publication. Thompson, H.S. (1971). Definition Of Speach? Fear and loathing in Las Vegas: A savage journey to cascade policy institute essay competition the heart of the of speach American dream . Thompson, H.S. (1998). The rum diary . If there are multiple sources with the same author AND same publication date, place them in alphabetical order by the title. Dr. Suess. (1958). The cat in the hat comes back. New York, NY: Random House. Dr. Suess. (1958).

Yertle the turtle. New York, NY: Random House. In an essay, APA citation, if a source does not have an author, place the source in definition, alphabetical order by the first main word of the title. Need help creating the citations in your APA reference list? BibMe’s APA formatter can help! Our APA citation machine creates your citations by entering a keyword, URL, title, or other identifying information. Need to essay create APA format papers? Follow these guidelines to produce a research paper in of speach, APA format: In an APA style paper, the font used throughout your document should be in Times New Roman, 12 point font size. The entire document should be double spaced, even between titles and headings. Margins should be 1 inch around the entire document and indent every new paragraph using the tab button on your keyboard.

Place the pages in essay computers, the following order: Title page (An APA format title page should include a title, running head, author line, institution line, and author’s note). Definition Of Speach? (Page 1) Abstract page (page 2) Text or body of research paper (start on page 3) Reference List Page for tables (if necessary) Page for figures (if necessary) Appendices page (if necessary) The title page counts as page 1. Number the pages afterwards using Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, 4…). What is a running head? In an APA paper, next to the page numbers, include what is called a “running head.” The running head is a simplified version of the title of your paper. Racial Bias In Media? Place the running head in definition of speach, the top left corner of essay, your project and place it in capital letters. On the title page only, include the phrase: Running head. Title page example:

Running head: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. For the rest of the paper or project, do not use the of speach term, Running head. Example of subsequent pages: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and many other word processing programs allow you to set up page numbers and a repeated running head. Use these tools to make this addition easier for you!

If you’re looking for an APA sample paper, check out the other resources found on BibMe. Using BibMe to Create Citations for your Reference List or Bibliography. Looking to cite your sources quickly and the african essays easily? BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps you generate your APA citations by of speach, entering a title, ISBN, URL, or other identifying information. Background Information and History of APA: The American Psychological Association was founded in 1892 at Clark University, in Worcester, Massachusetts. APA style format was developed in 1929 by scholars from a number of different scientific fields and backgrounds.

Their overall goal was to develop a standard way to document scientific writing and research. Since its inception, the on apple APA Style Manual has been updated numerous times and of speach it is now in lucia dessay, its 6th edition. The 6th edition was released in 2010. In 2012, APA published an addition to their 6th edition manual, which was a guide for creating APA citations for electronic resources. Today, there are close to definition of speach 118,000 APA members. There is an annual convention, numerous databases, and cascade policy institute journal publications. Some of their more popular resources include the database, PsycINFO, and the publications, Journal of Applied Psychology and Health Psychology. Our citation guides provide detailed information about all types of sources in MLA, APA, Chicago and of speach Turabian styles.

If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation. You can always edit a citation as well. Remember to evaluate your sources for accuracy and credibility. Questionable sources could result in a poor grade!

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Speech Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

American history 1999 DBQ Essay Sample. Definition Of Speach? Throughout history, there is not an event that can relate to the one of the American Revolution. This revolution that took place in the Americas had many events that led to this revolution for the colonies. The events that slowly crept up to the much-needed revolution was in the period from 1750 to day, 1776. During this time, the struggling American colonies that were under control by the English and its parliament were dealing with different situations politically, socially and definition economically that led them to seek for their independence. This independence could not have been achieved if it was not for the colonies seek for identity and to be known as Americans by unity by the eve of the revolution. Governments are supposed to guide a nation or settlers to hold a moral and virtuous community. Before any citizen can be called an American or any type of computers, identification, there must be a government that made them what they are. Before the republic, the British Parliament controlled the colonies.

England had settled in America to what was known as New England and spread their ideas to of speach, the colonies. The native colonies were under control of the parliament because they had never received a true form of government. They most likely did not perceive any sort of in media research paper, knowledge about a government so they wanted to adapt their ideas. Definition? With their gratification of a government, they did not know what they were getting into. It was said that the monarchy of England, who at that time was James II in the late 17th century, was seen as a corrupt ruler and a parliament was needed to oppress the monarch.

With the English Bill of Rights, it was certain that the parliament would bring new hopes for England because parliament would pass laws and the african diaspora secure the rights of the definition of speach, citizens. In reality, when the colonies did not receive this type of protection, they were not able to find their identity with all the political problems that are always proliferating. Politics throughout the world have many problems and nothing can change it. The colonies knew that a sense of unity was needed to lucia dessay, overcome the parliament and their doings so they can find their identity in of speach, society. (Documents B, D) The road to in media research paper, revolution for definition the American colonies was very intricate because they needed to overcome obstacles that would either bring them away from accomplishing a revolution or hurt them with deplorable outcomes. To overcome many obstacles that lay ahead, the colonies needed to work together so neither colony will suffer by them self, only to cascade institute independence essay competition, suffer as a whole. A man named Benjamin Franklin of Boston portrayed in the Pennsylvania Gazette of various pieces to a snake and it stated, #8220;Join or Die.#8221; This referred to definition, the various colonies that settled independently and why they needed to come together to form a united group so they can subdue the English parliament and England itself. Although this had failed, later on the colonies will unit because of a man named George Grenville, British Secretary of Treasury, enforced harsh policies for England#8217;s debt. When the colonies united, they needed to scholarships essay, form some sort of government that would guide them to success. With all the different acts that were being passed such as the Stamp Act, which required a revenue from newspapers and other legal documents or the Quartering Act, which required citizens to house and feed British troops that were staying for war; were fought off due to the assembly of the first continental congress. This was a house of representatives from the definition of speach, colonies and they wanted to secure the rights and cascade institute competition liberties for the people of the of speach, colonies and scholarships requiring alleviate the new taxes being brought to the colonies. These acts mainly affected Boston the most because it witnessed the Boston Massacre (1770), which was the attack on a Boston crowd by definition British troops because of their opposition to the parliament, and the Boston Tea Party (1773), which Bostonians had invaded a ship full of tea from the British East India Company and dispersed all the tea leaves into the water.

Boston could not have survived without the unity of the colonies because they had to pay huge debt for lose of tea and probably for land reparations due to British invasion. Many colonies contributed to Boston with their sympathy and goods that would try to heal the wound that they received from the redcoats. The united colonies worked together to find themselves as a whole that received their identity before the declaration of independence. (Documents A, G, C) The united colonies were headed to the eve of the American Revolution and troops were getting ready for war. This was the first time were the united colonists fought along side for the same goal, which was for independence for essay on apple computers the colonies. Troops were led to fight against the British to definition, stop the parliament from exposing corruption into the eyes of the citizens and to bias research, gain back their liberties. The variety of settlers that settled in the land of America had many disagreements before uniting due to land, resources and money. An example of this would be Indian tribes fighting for land with New England.

Eventually, this would not be important to definition, either side because they would unite depicting of Benjamin#8217;s Gazette article. When uniting, this would create social equality due to various ethnics such as the Dutch, French, Spanish and on apple computers English, and the identity as Americans. As Americans, they sought for their freedom, their liberties, their prosperities, a government, and the most important idea of the revolution, independence. Definition Of Speach? These Americans officially recognized their selves for the unity that they acquired that helped them stand strong as they reached the climax to the revolution. Essay Computers? (Documents H, E) As the colonies arrived to definition, the eve of the American Revolution, there are many ideas that a community can learn to find their place in in media, the world. Definition? The English Parliament had kept the original colonies under control, which create a lot of problems for racial them. The proliferation of revenues and taxes brought many problems such as taxes of stamps and definition sugar. These problems and along with others could not have been stopped without the requiring, colonies uniting as a whole and of speach finding their identity as American citizens. The Americans achieved they much needed revolution to start a new life with new independence.

Is this the the african interpretive essays, perfect essay for you? Save time and definition of speach order American history 1999 DBQ. Policy Essay? essay editing for definition only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for American history 1999 DBQ. On the on picnic, eve of the revolution, Americans were not completely united. Of Speach? As always, there were the dissenters, in this case the Tories, and many people just didn#8217;t want to get#8230; The American Revolution was an Inevitable Event. On Picnic Day? America#8217;s War of Independence was a political and military struggle among the thirteen American colonies and England. Since the British defeated the definition, French and their Indian allies in the French#8230; 1.)Why were most Americans content with their role within the British Empire in the 1750s? What evidence of discontent did exist?

Most Americans were content with their role in on picnic, the#8230; Were the colonist justified in declaring independence from England? I feel that the 13 colonies were justified in starting a revolt against England. Tension between England and the 13 colonies#8230; The American Revolution is a war to reckon with and was actually a significant event in the history of American and basically, if there was no revolutionary war the United#8230; Factors of Rebellion in definition of speach, the 13 American Colonies. In the late 1700s, tensions ran high between Britain and the 13 American colonies, which led to events such as the Boston #8220;Massacre#8221;, and the Boston Tea Party. Britain#8217;s angry#8230;

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Speech Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

Custom Cholera Disease essay paper. Cholera is an acute intestinal disease. The disease is caused when a person consumes food or water contaminated with the bacterium, Vibrio cholerae (Barua and Greenough 1). After infection, the result is a painless watery diarrhea that dehydrates a person’s body. Patients with profuse amounts of diarrhea risk death due to dehydration. People who have ingested the bacteria develop serious diarrhea within five days. Definition Of Speach. Severe cases of the disease require immediate medical attention to control body fluids and receive the necessary treatment. Patients are advised to take a lot of fluids and oral re-hydration salts so that their bodies can maintain the required levels of body fluids.

Cholera is an uncommon disease in the United States of America and other well developed countries. People who are at high risk are those traveling abroad where the epidemic is very common and institute independence people who eat undercooked foods from questionable environments. Cholera germ is transmitted in the stools. It spreads when a person consumes foods and drinks contaminated by human waste of definition, a cholera patient (Barua and Greenough 144). This happens in the developing countries where there are insufficient water supplies and poor waste disposal services. The African. The disease spreads very fast in institutions like schools and prisons if not detected early enough. Of Speach. Doctors and medical professionals advise that immediate treatment and attention is necessary to day, avoid loss of lives. To contain the epidemic, the people at risk are expected to first understand the modes of transmission to enable them be cautious when executing their daily hygiene practices. In developing countries, the disease causes deaths in every outbreak making it a serious health concern. Signs and Symptoms.

People who have ingested cholera germs develop diarrhea, dehydration and definition vomiting. The immediate signs are a loose diarrhea that includes whitish flecks with fishy smell. Diarrhea rate can be massive, meaning that the body can suffer dehydration very fast. When a person is infected by the cholera disease, a development of the following signs and symptoms occur as explained below. Vomiting coupled with nausea which is a symptom for an infection. The African Diaspora Interpretive. Vomiting is an aggressive emptying of the tummy due to disturbed normal mechanisms of the stomach. Definition. The vomiting is caused by varying reasons like stomach infections, general diseases, problems with the central nervous system and unusual ingestion. Vomiting and lucia dessay nausea are also caused by diseases that have no direct involvement with the stomach.

Side effects of medications cause vomiting. Loss of skin elasticity and dry mucous membranes are the definition of speach, direct effects of severe dehydration. Medical attention is extremely required in such conditions. Rapid heart rate is experienced. There are horrible feelings of institute independence essay, irregular forceful pounding of the heart. Definition Of Speach. The heart rate irregular beating is caused by the increased force of tightening of the heart muscle. Irregular heart beating rates are noted, from the heart pounding very fast and very slow. People need immediate re-hydration to stop these indications from ongoing because these symptoms show that a patient has dehydrated. A dehydrated patient will eventually develop severe infection because of vomiting and diarrhea.

Children, elderly people and a community with poor nutrition have a higher risk of cascade policy institute essay competition, severely dehydration, causing serious effects like acute renal failure, coma and of speach most seriously death (Barua and Greenough 219). The severe dehydration mostly occurs during the first four to nine hour after the first watery stool and a person risks death if untreated for a period of one day to day, a few days. The cholera epidemic erupts in of speach developing countries where sanitation is lucia dessay, poor and definition of speach there is a shortage of the african diaspora, either medical assistance or medical supplies. The mortality rate can be as high as fifty percent or slightly higher. Causes and Transmission. Cholera is caused by a bacterium known as Vibrio cholerae. The bacterium has a flagellum that aid in definition movement, and essay hair like structures known as pili which help the definition of speach, bacterium hook up to tissue (Keya and Chatterjee 22). Policy Institute. There are many types of the cholera germ that cause cholera symptoms.

Severe cholera symptoms are caused by the O group germs which are O1 and O139. These cholera germs generate toxins. The bacterium uses the hair like structures to embed into definition human cells. Once the scholarships essay, Vibrio cholerae germs are on the human cells, they cause extraction of water and of speach electrolytes mainly from the gastrointestinal tract. Essays Day. The extracts are pumped into the intestinal lumen where they are excreted in diarrhea (Keya and Chatterjee 55). That is why a person who has diarrhea ends up been dehydrated after several diarrheal stools. The bacteria are transmitted by consumption of contaminated water and food. Of Speach. Undercooked Sea foods also transmit the bacteria if the source waters of the seafood were exposed to the african diaspora interpretive essays, raw sewage. History of cholera.

Cholera has been with human beings for various centuries. In India, there were reported cases of cholera like disease in the early 1000 AD. The term cholera was derived from the greak work khole, meaning a sickness from bile and was later renamed to colere in French back in the 14th century, and finally renamed in English to choler (Barua and Greenough 38). The term cholera was a term used in the 17th century to explain a severe gastro intestinal infection involving vomiting and diarrhea (Barua and Greenough 2). During these early times, there were numerous outbreaks of the cholera epidemic and in the 16th century, some cases were severe that they were noted in history. In the 18th century, England had one notable case where in 1854, an definition, estimated five hundred people died in lucia dessay ten days, all having the symptoms of cholera.

During this England case, one Dr. John Snow conducted a classic medical investigation which revealed the main cause of the England epidemic. The infection came from a major source of water used by London inhabitants also known as the Broad street pump (Coleman 33). In response to of speach, the deaths, the medical professionals decided to stop the flow of water to the residents and removed the cascade policy institute essay, pump handle. After this action, it was noted that the deaths and rate of definition, new infections slowed down and stopped (Hamlin 182). The doctor did not ascertain the on picnic day, root cause of the of speach, cholera germ. He showed how a possible transmission can occur and how an outbreak can be contained (Coleman 33). The real scientific study of the cholera epidemic started then. Similar severe outbreaks happened in other parts of the world like in the United States of America between the cascade policy independence competition, eighteenth and the nineteenth century. There have been seven severe worldwide cholera pandemic outbreaks since the definition, early eighteenth century.

In the 21st century, multiple outbreaks have been noted in Iran, India, Vietnam and numerous African countries. Research Paper. In the last two years, severe outbreaks occurred in Nigeria and Haiti. From Dr. Snow’s studies, provision of safe water and food is the definition, only of stopping the scholarships, bacterium from being transmitted because the germ is definition, easy transmitted in water and food. Medical response to a person with watery diarrhea starts from measurement of the possible volume of vomit and stool. The process is done to determine the the african interpretive, amount of of speach, fluids lost and replacement needs. In cases where severe there is a watery diarrhea and vomiting with signs of dehydration, recent travel to cholera prone environments and recent consumption of sea foods, a diagnosis of lucia dessay, cholera bacteria is definition, advised. Laboratory test that include stool gram stain culture, stool PCR and dark field microscopy must be done immediately (Barua and Greenough 229). When all these tests are ongoing, general treatment should be done to the patient like provision of oral re-hydration salts solutions to avoid occurrence of the african diaspora, dehydration. Identification of positive cholera bacteria presence means there is a contaminated water source which should be treated immediately to contain the bacteria.

Preliminary analysis is done by a professional caregiver. The caregiver collects the patient’s medical history and observes the persons diarrhea for distinctive characteristics like rice-water diarrhea, particularly if a cholera disease outbreak has been reported. Of Speach. A medical professional needs a laboratory to identify the cholera germ. The bacterium is coma-shaped and thus distinctively identified. Definitive diagnosis helps to differentiate cholera from other diseases with similar symptoms and other protozoal, bacterial, or viral microorganisms that cause dysentery(Barua and Greenough 232). Most cholera infections are mild, with 75% of infected persons not developing any signs and symptoms. Conversely, the infected persons continue to essays on picnic, spread the cholera germ back into definition the surroundings, risking infecting others with severe cholera disease.

In such persons, the huge amounts of watery diarrhea help wipe out the essay on apple computers, germs, resulting to a reduced infection. However, in such cases, dehydration remains as a deadly threat to the infected persons when untreated, especially among the of speach, vulnerable like the essays, elderly and children. The risks of losing life among healthy adults within hours remain a threat. A recovery from a cholera bacteria infection results to a long-term immunity against the same. More Cholera Mysteries. Cholera bacteria have been mysterious and scientists and medical professionals worked tirelessly to understand why the virulence of the germ was diverse in many strains (Coleman 67). A recorded number of of speach, strains failed to indicate illness.

The cholera germ is a toxin that attaches to the tissue and causes dehydration. This toxin was ultimately discovered to be the main factor behind virulence allied to strains that cause acute diarrhea. Rice water stool is an acute state caused by cholera toxin. The appearance is because the entercytes in the almost clear watery stool appear like rice grains. Computers. A supportive therapy of oral re-hydration salts is recommended because it has saved millions of definition of speach, lives. Antibiotics are administered in severe conditions to reduce period of diarrheal when infected. The African. With proper re-hydration measures, the definition of speach, cholera organism fades out in five to six days and the infected person recovers uneventfully.

Studies conducted by marine scientists in diaspora interpretive the last decade have showed that open ocean is a favorable environment for the development of a wide range of viruses. The number of definition of speach, viral particles examined indicates that not all of the viruses are infectious because most of them are inactivated by essays on picnic, ultra violent radiation in the ocean’s photic zone. Definition Of Speach. However, a small portion of the viruses escape the cascade institute independence competition, radiation and infect several species of organisms (Coleman 67). How Cholera Epidemics Start. Cholera was non existence in human population until the epidemics started. Research has shown that there is no identified human carrier as the origin.

The cholera organisms grow best at temperatures that are above 170 C, and in a broth of sodium chloride, well lower than that of open ocean, although above that of of speach, fresh water (Barua and Greenough 107). Those conditions are present during spring and are the ecological settings that favor an outbreak. Modern intensive field and laboratory studies have led to a discovery that Vibrio cholerae is harbored in estuaries of essays day, zooplankton communities that have many species of copepods that consist of myriad assemblages. Their egg sacks and in gut tracts is the breeding environments of these Organisms, including cholera germ. These discoveries helped scientists have a better description, and understanding of the natural science of the cholera group of microorganisms (Barua and Greenough 107). Cholera is definition, easily preventable through cautious hygienic sanitation, treatment of water, before using for drinking and cooking, and, hygienic handling of food. The Center for essays on picnic day Disease Control and Prevention recommends boiling water and of speach treatment with chlorine before use. Another way is to consume bottled water which is diaspora, professionally treated. Food that is thoroughly cooked is safe and a person should peel their own raw food to ensure extreme hygiene before consumption. During an outbreak, a person is highly advised to avoid raw foods, ice and ice cream from street vendors.

Proper sanitation is the first step to safeguarding the community from dangerous bacteria. A person should dispose dead bodies away from water sources and definition carefully washing hands after such disposal. Construction of emergency sanitation amenities at a safe distance from any water supply is recommended. Lucia Dessay. The amenities should have proper hygienic washrooms for of speach the people who use the facilities. Food should be cooked thoroughly with safe water and consumed hot. Sea food which has high risks of having the cholera bacteria should be washed with treated water and cooked thoroughly (Coleman 100). Avoiding a mixture of cooked food and raw food is very important. Exclusion of infected persons from day preparing food is important. People should avoid sharing food together in definition communal containers because the cholera germ can be easily transmitted from one person to all the others. Interpretive Essays. Foods that are taken raw like fruits and dessert vegetables must always be washed with treated water and peeled by a person who has thoroughly cleaned hands.

There is a vaccine called Dukoral which is oral. Definition. The vaccine is on apple computers, available in some countries, but the Center for Disease Control and Prevention does not recommend it because it has incomplete defensive effects. Countries that use the vaccine advise all travelers to use it as a precautions measure. The most vital preventive measure is avoiding uncooked foods and using water from unknown sources. To ensure that the water is safe, a person needs to use treated water and packaged drinks. Ecological Awareness Aimed at Controlling of Cholera.

Realization that cholera disease is transmitted through contaminated water supply has driven scientists to employ massive technology for definition microorganisms detection. Essays. The importance of technology involvement was because the epidemic has recorded massive deaths worldwide and can infect a large population that depends on a particular water source. Definition Of Speach. An occurrence of a case of Vibrio cholerae has potential of contaminating the local water source and at times entire coastal regions (Barua and Greenough 107). With the advancement of technology, earth monitoring satellites are employed to simultaneously identify changes in the african interpretive essays climate patterns. These earth monitoring satellites are also used to monitor land and sea temperature patterns. With collection and availability of environmental data, medical professionals are in definition of speach a position to predict a possible cholera epidemic and take preventive measures before the happening and in turn save millions of lives. In developing countries where cholera is common, health experts have taken awareness campaigns closer to the people. This is essay, done by putting up warning billboards near open water bodies and in turn providing alternative water supply from a treated source to of speach, discourage unhygienic water usage. Again, local water treatment formulas are supplied to villages, to enable people treat their own water from home. Since sea food is at lucia dessay high risk of being contaminated, people near large water bodies are continuously being educated about the dangers of undercooked sea foods to ensure that they properly cook their food before consumption.

Other important awareness initiatives being taken are provision of regular water bodies’ contamination checkups. The checkups are funded by the government to help communities use tested water and avoid mass contamination by cholera germs. Cholera bacteria are deadly because they dehydrate the body. The first treatment is through oral re-hydration therapy. The person who is infected should take a lot of drinks. The therapy consists of huge amounts of water mixed with a little sugar and salt.

Mixtures of blend sugar and salt are packaged in sachets and are commercially available (Barua and Greenough 258). Consumption of huge volumes of oral re-hydration salts help flash out the bacteria. Commercial mixtures of re-hydration salts are not available everywhere. In such cases, there are homemade oral re-hydration salt recipes using the definition, available household ingredients. In severe cases of lucia dessay, cholera infection, huge volumes of fluid replacement are necessary to maintain the body’s fluid content. Of Speach. In such cases, antibiotics are administered to shorten the disease but re-hydration is extremely necessary even when the antibiotics are administered. Food should be given to policy essay competition, the patient as soon as the person can eat. Definition Of Speach. The food should be coupled with more drinks to keep the day, intestines full.

Re-hydration can be used to prevent and of speach treat dehydration. The intake of numerous volumes of drinks into the body does not cure cholera but gives enough allowance until the disease go away by itself. Research has shown that infections of cholera fade away with time if an infected patient takes a lot of fluids to flash out the germ from the body. Medical professional advise against taking anti diarrheal drugs because they interfere with flashing of germs from the intestines. Cholera disease is a deadly disease that is transmitted through water contaminated with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. The disease is not common in developed countries because there is sufficient supply of day, clean treated water and hygienic sanitation systems. In Developing countries, the disease remains a threat because unlike developed countries, they don’t have enough clean and treated water for human consumption.

Other than clean water, there are no proper mechanisms for waste disposal and definition sanitation. The governments of bias in media research, developing countries are unable to definition of speach, provide treated water to all people due to economic constrains. On the other hand, people who are near water bodies like rivers, lakes and oceans use the available water without boiling or treating. The other major reason why cholera epidemic infects masses is that an infected person will be unknowingly spread the essay computers, germs back into the environment before noticing any signs and symptoms. Of Speach. The main mode of transmission being contaminated water sources, a large population sharing a water source risks being infected unknowingly. A healthy adult will have a mild infection in lucia dessay the first and second day of definition, infection and will have spread the bacteria to many other people by the time the severe signs and symptoms develop. In developing countries, medical assistance is not locally available and people are not well informed of the dangers of such diseases. The unawareness results to essay, mass spread of epidemics before medical teams move in to contain an outbreak.

The best simple way of preventing cholera disease from spreading is by using clean treated water and definition eating thoroughly cooked food. The other recommended action is to report diarrhea cases immediately to the nearest medical health center (Hamlin 249). This is to lucia dessay, ensure that a possible spread is contained and patients are treated early before a severe infection occurs.