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Essay Example On The Topic Of Civil Rights & Liberties

Civil rights and civil liberties essay

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bi explained essay International Baccalaureate (IB) explained. With the increasing trend in Hong Kong for International Schools and ESF (English Schools Foundation) schools to switch from country specific syllabuses to the IB many in essay, Hong Kong have been left asking questions about what exactly the IB is and what it offers. The IB program is an internationally recognized pre-university curriculum that offers year 12 and 13 students (or year 11 and 12 in some schools) an opportunity to an essay of youth building gain a diploma based on liberties a comprehensive and paper integrated curriculum that meets international standards. There are currently 1,888 schools worldwide offering the IB diploma programme. In the Asia Pacific region alone there are 255 schools currently offering the civil and civil liberties IB. The IB curriculum is a fairly traditional and broad based curriculum.

There are many similarities to the United Kingdom AS and A2-level curriculums. One major difference is that students must take six subjects over pastry plan two years in the major academic areas (native language, second language, individuals and societies, experimental sciences, mathematics and computer sciences, the arts).. As well as these subjects, students study €˜The Theory of Knowledge€™ and civil rights liberties essay are required to complete a certain amount of CAS (Creative Action and writers online Service) plus undertake a major research assignment or extended essay (EE). Rights Liberties? This comprehensive and online advanced programme of study offers students an integrated approach to learning across different academic disciplines. The focus is for students to develop the knowledge and essay skills needed to meet the notre essays challenges of living and rights liberties working in an increasingly interdependent and globalised society. The International Baccalaureate is governed by the International Baccalaureate Organization based in Geneva, Switzerland and administered by the International Baccalaureate Curriculum and Assessment Centre in Cardiff, United Kingdom. The IB organization originated nearly 50 years ago in Europe. It was created by international schools looking to ensure quality educational standards for students regardless of where they lived or studied. The IB programme today seeks input from educators worldwide to make sure the curriculum is business, up-to-date, to train the teachers who deliver the programme and to assess students who undertake the program. Civil? An IB diploma offers numerous advantages for students. One of the greatest advantages is that the IB was designed to ensure a cohesive and comprehensive education for students.

This is an essay, still the key objective of the IB. The programme aims to prepare students not just for success in civil and civil liberties essay, further education but also for success in their future lives. The IB allows students to gain a broad and general education and to postpone some choices about which area they wish to specialise in until a more mature age and outlook is achieved. An Essay In Nation? Students gain a broader view of the world andare encouraged to follow in-depth approaches to academic disciplines. They improve and develop their time management, research development and liberties problem solving skills. These talents and skills will help students long after they have completed their IB diploma. The CAS allows students to become more community aware and gives them the opportunity to €˜put back€™ something to on role building the community they are living in. The IB assessment is conducted over the two years of the programme using internationally-accepted performance standards.

Student achievement is civil rights, assesed in a variety of ways: examinations that are developed and marked by international examiners; oral language exams; science laboratory notebooks and experiments; art portfolios, computer science dossiers; essays and other projects. The student's final score is dame essays, calculated from a combination of all these activities. This allows the classroom teacher to have input into the student's final grade. The philosophy underlying the and civil liberties essay IB assessment process is aimed at giving students the opportunity to express what they do know, rather than finding out an essay building what they do not know. The method that is used to achieve these objectives is based on the theory of criterion-referenced assessment, which has both internal (by the teacher) and external (by over 5000 subject examiners world wide) elements, over the two year period of the diploma. All internal assessment is externally moderated and standardized to ensure fairness and consistency. In comparison to UK A levels, Oxford University on and civil essay its website states that the exam results from the research IB will generally be equivalent to the following: grades A, A, B or A, A, A in British A-levels will be considered equal to liberties essay 38 points in the IB.

Cambridge University states that 36 - 40 for the IB is normally sufficient to be considered for most courses. Cambridge also states that for notre some courses a seven will be required in specific subjects. About the Author: Gary Hadler B.Ec, Dip.Ed, MBA is an assistant examiner for IB in economics and the Principal of ITS Tutorial School. Get ahead in your diploma year 1 and prepare for rights and civil liberties your exam for diploma year 2. ITS runs extensive revision courses every year in March and April. ITS can help students with their IB CAS requirement. ITS has developed comprehensive dictionaries/glossaries for students. ITS encourages the community to notify us of any date which people think should be included. The calendar includes: Term dates Public holidays Exam periods SAT exam dates School open days Parent evenings School events Application dates Student council activities University open days Education related exhibitions fairs.

English for IB Help. Online? Find resources to help you with your IB studies. Our community resource of articles can help you. 4/F, BOC Group Life Assurance Tower, 134-136 Des Voeux Road Central, HK (entrance on Gilman St.) Shop A-C, 5/F, Cameron Plaza, 23- 25A Cameron Road, Tsim Sha Tsui.

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SparkNotes: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights: Types of Civil Liberties

Simple and Clean Resume Templates. Hiring managers look at very many of rights essay, resumes. Their eyes get tired quickly, and dame essays, having to rights and civil liberties look at elaborate resumes doesn’t help. In fact, fancy resume formats make the an essay in nation recruitment process even harder, since hiring managers have to look past the design elements in order to get to the content. Rights And Civil Essay! Many job seekers believe that an eye-catching resume alone will help them land a job. However, that is not usually the case. A clean, simple resume can help you stand out from the theorem homework help pool of civil rights and civil essay, applicants by homework being easy to civil rights liberties read and pleasant to research paper on divorce look at. Professional resume formats will often use minimalist formatting to capture the attention of a hiring manager and showcase experience and skills. In this guide, we’ll talk about and civil, which types of employers prefer a simple resume format over a modern or creative one. We’ll also walk you through how to format and write a resume using one of our free resume templates. Let’s get you on the path to creating your resume today.

A simple resume does not need to be a boring one. In fact, a simple resume format requires a lot of creativity because it should be both pleasing to the eye and online review, tailored to your experience and desired job. A simple resume can be more conservative or more trendy, depending on which template you use. All of our templates here have clean, simple layouts, but there is a lot of variety within the simple resume format, so you can choose one that suits your work history best. What Jobs Require a Simple Resume?

If you’re applying to a conservative or old-fashioned place of employment, a simple resume is the civil rights and civil liberties essay way to go. The legal field is an academic online example of and civil, a conservative workplace. Song Master Thesis! So are most professions in finance and civil rights and civil liberties, many large corporate offices. Dame! If the essay job you want has a conservative dress code, you should probably use a simple resume format. This is like a dress code for dame your resume. Although a simple resume format is essential in those types workplaces, a well-crafted simple resume can also impress a potential employer in rights essay a creative, modern field. If you’re going after a job where design is master thesis, important, then knowing how to use simple design elements without relying on fancy fonts or borders can actually make your resume stand out. Font, formatting, color scheme, and use of white space all make an attractive simple resume. This requires solid design knowledge.

Whether you’re applying to liberties essay be a graphic designer or a fashion designer, a simple resume can be an dame excellent example of your creative skills. If you’re applying to a newer company, the employer can also be impressed by civil rights and civil a clean, traditional simple resume, even if the corporate culture is more laid-back. Many startups and paper on divorce, tech companies use a minimalist aesthetic for civil their offices, websites, and products. You can show you’re a good fit by reflecting that same clean aesthetic in your resume. You need to decide what you’ll be putting on your resume before you can write and format it. To help you decide what should go on your resume, you can use your existing resume or you can note down some specifics about plan, your skills and experience. What you put on your resume will also depend on the details of the desired job and the job description. If you’re applying in the medical field for example, it’s important to have a section for certifications and credentials.

If you’re applying for a retail job, however, this section is probably not necessary. Here are the sections that should always go on your resume: Here are some ideas for optional sections: Career Objective, Objective Statement, or Professional Summary Interests and Activities Relevant Skills Achievements and Awards References. Your resume should have the minimum number of sections necessary to civil and civil essay showcase your abilities as a job candidate. Ruthlessly delete unnecessary information. Now that you’ve decided what sections to include, it’s time to an essay of youth in nation building format those sections into civil rights and civil, a beautiful, simple resume.

You don’t need to pastry business plan do this work on and civil liberties essay your own. Academic Online Review! We’ve compiled a list of simple resume templates you can use. Rights And Civil Essay! However, you should know about an essay on role in nation building, good resume design so you’ll know how to best customize the template you choose. With all of our resume templates, you can change the liberties essay bullet points, fonts, colors, and arrangement as needed. Avoid large blocks of theorem homework help, text in civil rights and civil your resume. Having white space between sections adds balance. If a section on an essay of youth your resume involves a list (such as a “Skills” section), you will want to choose a template with bullet points.

These make your resume look organized and easy to read. There’s nothing wrong with a classic font like Times New Roman, but a simple resume often looks best with a clean, modern, sans-serif font like Helvetica Neue. If you choose to civil use font colors to dress up your resume, use them sparingly. Pick just one or two colors to notre essays highlight aspects of your resume. For example, you might choose a conservative color, like gray or dark blue, for resume headers.

Make sure any font color you choose is rights liberties, easy to read. Help! Avoid pink, yellow, and liberties, lighter shades, which look unprofessional and notre dame, are hard to rights liberties notice. Always be consistent. Have your “Objective” header in research the same color as your “Education” header. Civil! Don’t write your “Skills” section in theorem homework help Times New Roman and your “Work History” section in Helvetica. The following common resume mistakes make your resume look too complicated and poorly designed: Too many colors and fonts Hard-to-detect colors and fonts Unconventional fonts like Comic Sans Elaborate borders Colored or needlessly fancy paper Too many sections Unnecessary images Inconsistent formatting.

If your resume is overly designed or messy, employers will be distracted from the content and civil and civil liberties essay, more likely to an essay of youth in nation put your resume in civil rights and civil the “No” pile. Research Paper! A really elaborate resume might even be automatically discarded before it gets read. Once you’ve chosen the right resume template for you, it’s time to write your unique resume content. If you’ve never written a resume before, use one of and civil liberties essay, our detailed resume guides, or a free resume builder to academic writers review help you get started. A simple resume is rights liberties essay, about more than just layout. There should be simplicity in your phrasing too. This is the case for all resumes, but especially for one with a simple design.

Don’t hide your impressive experience under flowery language or long sentences. State things simply so employers can easily learn about you. It may be tempting to master add detail with more words, but wordiness will only rights and civil make your resume look messy. Pythagorean Theorem Help! Keep in civil rights liberties mind that many job applications will also require a cover letter, where you can add more detail about your experience. It doesn’t all need to go on your resume. Use active verb forms and short sentences or bullet points when describing things like skills or achievements. Find places to pastry business plan cut or reword. Civil Rights And Civil Essay! It’s okay to use sentence fragments in your bullet points. Not only do these points make your resume look good, they also make it more likely that a prospective employer will read all of theorem, it.

We have a variety of free simple resume examples to suit your needs, including chronological, functional, and combination resumes. Using what you’ve just learned in this guide, look through these templates and civil liberties essay, choose one that suits your current job search best. Then customize it to reflect what you have to offer as a unique job candidate. Good use of white space gives this professional resume template an open feel while subtle colours add design touch. Two main sections let you detail your experiences and education in a reverse chronological order.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 103617 Filename: upfront.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:18:00 / 6327. Very compact and in nation building, neat professional layout. Civil And Civil Essay! Notice how the use of red text draws the pastry eye. Just the right amount in the right places can be really helpful to the reader. Size: 183 B Downloads: 102938 Filename: neat.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:38:00 / 4968. Traditional format with light orange headers and subtle gray titles. Great sample resume for civil liberties essay graphic designers, corporate writers, or administrative professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 52595 Filename: subtle-creativity.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 19:42:00 / 6315.

Margin column for titles and headings provides lots of space for detailed, paragraph statements. Perfect resume example for business, industrial, or vocational professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 34028 Filename: broad-appeal.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:48:00 / 6348. Labor, manufacturing, educational, and service industry skills template. Good use of white space to catch the pythagorean help eye with blue section divider lines and large, bold section titles. Size: 183 B Downloads: 17059 Filename: commencing.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 22:42:00 / 6409. Just a bit of rights and civil liberties, colour and creative use of indent make add a creative twist to paper this very traditional straight-forward design. Indented text helps the rights headings stand out.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 16046 Filename: indent-line.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 17:22:00 / 5631. Excellent sample for those with lots of thesis, skills and civil liberties, training and maybe not a lot of experience. Research On Divorce! Bold headings with vertical divider lines and blue titles provide focus for civil rights and civil liberties essay the reader. Size: 183 B Downloads: 15303 Filename: fresh-take.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:54:00 / 6092. Conventional, two-page layout with profile photo and red and blue fonts add design touch. Thesis! Plus signs used for rights essay bullet points.

Great for technology, engineering, or financial career seekers. Size: 183 B Downloads: 14457 Filename: creative-conventions.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:32:00 / 6023. Two-page format with a two-column layout offers much space for multiple sections. Notre Dame! Light blue titles and dashed section lines add design touch. Give all of your details here. Size: 183 B Downloads: 13271 Filename: point-left.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:57:00 / 6354. Subtle red titles and block, sans serif fonts give this template a stately feel. Great use of white space complements paragraph descriptions of civil liberties essay, your experiences, strengths, and pythagorean theorem homework, objectives. Size: 183 B Downloads: 13071 Filename: stately.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:19:00 / 6065.

Touches of red shadings and essay, gray background really draw in homework help the reader#039;s focus. Plus signs used for bulleted lists with room for multiple sections. Size: 183 B Downloads: 12903 Filename: bold-red-shading.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:34:00 / 6345. Check box bullets tick off all of your great career highlights in this two-page resume with blue section divider lines. Excellent resume style for very experienced and accomplished professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 12725 Filename: accomplished.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 17:47:00 / 6135. Perfect use of typography to civil liberties draw attention to your name and song, a short message.

Horizontal and vertical lines help to rights and civil essay divide up the information for an easy read. Size: 183 B Downloads: 10156 Filename: important-message.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:46:00 / 4977. Small profile picture and thin, blue-shaded headers add design to this classic format with lots of space for summary texts and research paper, bulleted lists. Business, health and rights and civil liberties essay, IT professionals benefit here. Size: 183 B Downloads: 9065 Filename: packed-classic.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 11:53:00 / 5908. Light brown headings and homework help, vertical bright green dashed lines catch the eye and break content into easy to read sections. Rights And Civil! Bold titles bring focus to homework help key experiences and skills. Great sample for marketing, public relations, or communications professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 8747 Filename: beaming.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 19:15:00 / 6278.

Bold, open squares and civil rights and civil liberties, thin black lines divide the two-column page layout. Master! Dates and key words offset in the margins act as section intros. Excellent template for university and IT job seekers. Size: 183 B Downloads: 8618 Filename: checkmark-timeline.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 12:18:00 / 5929. Thin and thick blue lines define each squared section with headings in bold, white fonts to give this template pop. Size: 183 B Downloads: 7126 Filename: blue-pop.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-07 20:24:00 / 5795. Offset one-column layout with red and orange colours and civil rights essay, bold, large headers and titles with paragraph descriptions.

Creative sample with a business feel. Size: 183 B Downloads: 7010 Filename: next-level.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:32:00 / 6342. Section titles offset in the margin with blue and master thesis, light gray fonts. Civil Rights And Civil Liberties Essay! Small vertical lines used to separate columns. Excellent template for an essay those who have been in one industry for several years. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6472 Filename: industry-lifer.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:49:00 / 6041. Dark black section dividers complement light green and blue fonts and bullets. Civil Rights Liberties! Large, three-columned Core Skills section for many key attributes.

Serif font type completes mature, professional feel. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5790 Filename: cosmopolitan.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:41:00 / 6032. A traditional format that portrays a simple elegance. An initialed ribbon provides a smart touch which can be personalized with you initials, your highest qualification or your most prestigious award. Bullet points help you to squeeze in a lot more information without making your resume too long. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5627 Filename: elegant-traditional.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:35:00 / 4958. Two-page, one-column layout with red and orange for academic review headings and titles. Lots of space for detailed, paragraph descriptions. Corporate and academia feel with this sample. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5625 Filename: tidy.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 19:23:00 / 6287.

Traditional layout with bold and civil liberties essay, italic font types. Pastry Plan! Large red square with white font provides good space for objective. Great sample for corporate, IT, and nonprofit job seekers. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5560 Filename: bold-red.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 13:37:00 / 5993. This simple block colour really makes a statement and is the perfect backdrop for the black text. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5117 Filename: pretty-pink.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 18:13:00 / 5665. One look and everyone will know who you are. The placement size and bold text really make the name on this resume stand out. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5105 Filename: name.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:44:00 / 4974.

Large and and civil liberties essay, small margins add white space while offering plenty of room for pythagorean homework help multiple sections. Civil Rights Liberties! Bold orange and blues for titles focus the reader. Great template for entry level positions or new graduates. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4694 Filename: offset.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:08:00 / 6056. Bold section titles with arrow points and light maroon titles give this sample a vivid touch.

Full page layout for multiple sections to let you list plenty of information. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4650 Filename: striking.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:38:00 / 6080. This block and bulleted resume offers a professional-looking style. Theorem Help! The enlarged font size for the objective section clearly defines your goals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4501 Filename: professional-block.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 19:31:00 / 5711. The use of bold text, simple colours, underlines and spacing makes this a very easy read.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 4376 Filename: simple-underline.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 17:46:00 / 5649. Plus signs and lines outline each area with arrows providing the civil liberties bulleted direction to your skills and experience. Scientific, data, and IT feel with this one. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4302 Filename: plus.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 19:46:00 / 5724. Easy to scan, one column template with section and title headings in colour as well as all caps make your information quick to read. Large Skills Abilities section great for the career changer. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4121 Filename: academia.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 20:17:00 / 5748. Open and airy one-column format centered on the page. Blue headings and bold titles with plus signs and outlined circle bullets provide subtle design appeal. Service and labour workers take a look here.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 4083 Filename: breezy.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:35:00 / 6026. Colour contrast and different font types dictate the style and impact of this resume. Notre! The use of the red always pulls you back to the name of the applicant. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3988 Filename: simple-red.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 18:02:00 / 5655. Oversized captions for key words or job titles. Small profile photo with blue shaded section headers. Excellent use of space for civil and civil intern experience, new graduates, and creative professionals.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 3942 Filename: caption.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 18:00:00 / 6144. Want a different way to distinguish your sub-headings from pastry business plan your headings? This layout shows how different shades of the civil rights liberties same colour can do this. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3823 Filename: mono-shading.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:48:00 / 4986. Light blue titles, bold headings, and song master, carat bullets with good use of white space in rights and civil liberties essay this basic resume template. Research Paper! Perfect example for service industry and labour staff as well as new graduates. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3333 Filename: burgeoning.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:52:00 / 6089. Simple layout with bold headings and thick lines to rights separate different sections. Not the notre dame essays best format if you have a lot of information to include. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3183 Filename: simple-central.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 18:10:00 / 5662.

Offset sections balance out this sample. Civil And Civil Liberties! Good use of white space helps focus the plan reader#039;s eye. Orang titles provide design touch. Great format to take your few years of experience to civil liberties the next level. Size: 183 B Downloads: 1181 Filename: moving.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 18:05:00 / 6147. Thin margins with stacked sections provide lots of area for all of your achievements. Research On Divorce! Unique Projects area lets you describe your accomplishments. IT, project management, and liberties essay, senior-level sample. Size: 183 B Downloads: 167202 Filename: substantial.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:36:00 / 6077. Thin page border and section divider lines with red and bold, black titles and key words provide an executive feel. Project managers, directors, and senior VPs can do well with this example.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 11560 Filename: top-level.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:42:00 / 6083. A compact resume format that draws the reader’s eye to the important information across different sections. Size: 183 B Downloads: 10818 Filename: in-a-nutshell.docx Uploaded: 2015-10-10 08:21:00 / 8305. Two well-defined columns give this sample structure. Pastry! Thick, orange-coloured bar graphs make your capabilities pop on the page and the italicized, muted gray job titles add the professionalism. Size: 183 B Downloads: 10049 Filename: raise-bar.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 20:28:00 / 5758. What stands out in this sample is the civil rights and civil Skills section. Research Paper On Divorce! This format provides an liberties instant snapshot of your skill levels that looks very professional and an essay in nation, easy to read. Size: 183 B Downloads: 9657 Filename: self-assessment.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:47:00 / 4980.

Entry-level workers ready for the next step here. Conventional sections with blue headers and light gray arrows and open circular bullets point all of your strengths and skills. Plenty of liberties essay, room for goals, key word lists, and business plan, more. Size: 183 B Downloads: 7396 Filename: space.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:38:00 / 6029. A very smart style that gets straight down to business. Can you summarize your abilities into civil and civil liberties, a couple of sentences? Most prospective employers don#039;t have a lot of thesis, time to read through lengthy resumes. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6465 Filename: classic-elegance.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:36:00 / 4961. Great use of contrasting text colour and line thickness to differentiate between sets of civil rights liberties essay, information. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5485 Filename: section-lines.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 17:49:00 / 5652.

Small margins and thin gray shadowed headings with white fonts offer lots of notre dame, room in this example. Multiple sections for your training, certifications, skills, and civil and civil essay, other information. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4861 Filename: traditional-plus.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-07 21:02:00 / 5836. Just a bit of colour goes a long way in notre dame breaking up information. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4620 Filename: nonsense.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 19:10:00 / 5698. Bold headings and shading flush out this sample with plus signs and open circles for bullet points. Good skills resume for those with lots of experience and training outside the traditional job environment. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3894 Filename: skilled.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-07 20:05:00 / 5783. Bold, black headings and section dividers with light-gray lines used for civil bullets and blue font type for notre dame essays your name make this a non-traditional traditional template. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3877 Filename: non-traditional-traditional.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 12:13:00 / 5923. Complimentary colours for rights and civil essay your personal information and the section headings catch the eye.

Simple bullet list in business plan each section offer a straightforward, no nonsense approach. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3275 Filename: career-starter.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 19:34:00 / 5714. Gray shading and colorful section headers give this contemporary resume a bold and confident air. Here, your skills, strengths, awards, achievements, and career highlights take center stage. Civil And Civil! This resume lends a decisive and authoritative tone, while not being overbearing or fussy; it still allows your personality and background to shine. This is a perfect template for individuals seeking to change careers or industries, ex-military looking to master enter the civilian workforce, and others who want to rights and civil emphasise their talents and strengths, and not their previous job titles or employers. Size: 183 B Downloads: 40783 Filename: bulletin.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 18:20:00 / 6162. Standard Europass CV / Resume Template used in Europe. Size: 183 B Downloads: 30411 Filename: europass-cv-template.doc Uploaded: 2014-09-19 17:26:00 / 7451. Free Modern Resume templates that will get you noticed.

Simple, elegant, discreetly modern, with a touch of color and essays, creativity. Size: 183 B Downloads: 30375 Filename: discreetly-modern.docx Uploaded: 2014-09-19 17:09:00 / 7448. Very classy and professional full-page two-column sample. Lots of rights and civil liberties, sections included for an essay building key skills, awards, and attributes. Civil Liberties Essay! Red and blue titles add touch of colour.

Great example for homework help those with substantial work experience. Size: 183 B Downloads: 12932 Filename: firm.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:48:00 / 6086. Two column layout for full page with sections styled into various columns. Light gray divider lines and red and blue titles. Rights Essay! Stylish with a corporate feel for dame marketing director, senior VPs, and principal managers.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 9109 Filename: aristocratic.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 17:05:00 / 6104. Two-column layout with profile photo. Large Awards section to list your sales, academic, or artistic achievements. Great sample for advertising, creative, sales, or communication professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 8426 Filename: award-winner.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:15:00 / 6062. Traditional classic layout with a high-end executive feel. Great use of bordered headings, indented bullets and tabbed text to and civil create an elegant professional look. Size: 183 B Downloads: 7021 Filename: executive-elegant.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:47:00 / 4983. A round portrait option makes this sample a bit different. Then a strong opening statement in bold lettering is great for impact, and makes the pythagorean homework help reader want to and civil liberties essay find out more about you.

At the end of the resume a simple scale allows you to master give a snapshot of civil and civil liberties, your levels of competence. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6913 Filename: bold-simplicity.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:32:00 / 4946. Two-column format used for the whole page offers lots of section areas. Light grays for headers and dashed section dividers as well as shaded background to highlight key work experience. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6672 Filename: split-page.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:47:00 / 6038. Bold headings shaded with olive and dark greens for a sophisticated template.

Managers, administrators, directors, and accountants take advantage of the pythagorean homework three-columned skills area and oversized sections for experience, certificates, and civil rights and civil liberties, licenses. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6548 Filename: polished.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-07 20:43:00 / 5812. Functional two-page sample with three-column core skills lists and areas for professional experience, work history and more. Academic Review! Great resume style for those looking to switch industries. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6162 Filename: new-agenda.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 17:00:00 / 6098. Checkmarks for rights and civil bullets with blue, green, and song master thesis, gray fonts catch the eye. Underlines connect job titles to dates.

Analysts, developers, academia, or health care template. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4747 Filename: check.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:51:00 / 6044. Deep and light blue headers with bold font titles add pop for this traditional template. Three-column key word section and two-column bulleted experience lists offer space for everything. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4369 Filename: airy-traditional.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 11:43:00 / 5899. Want the focus to be on your opening statement? This resume does that. Make your pitch for this job a real eye opener. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3182 Filename: inverse.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:33:00 / 4949. Two-column layout with block paragraph descriptions.

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Chapter 10: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights: Sp16PSC101_3004_WB

new media art essay The New Media Institute (NMI) is a research and fact finding organization whose mission is to improve public understanding of issues surrounding the rights liberties Internet and other forms new media communications. NMI works directly with the news media, researchers, academics, government and industry professionals and serves as a primary resource of facts, statistics and analysis. By Bailey Socha and Barbara Eber-Schmid. New Media is a 21 st Century catchall term used to define all that is related to the internet and the interplay between technology, images and sound.

In fact, the definition of dame new media changes daily, and rights liberties, will continue to do so. New media evolves and morphs continuously. What it will be tomorrow is virtually unpredictable for most of us, but we do know that it will continue to evolve in fast and furious ways. However, in order to understand an extremely complex and amorphous concept we need a base line. Homework? Since Wikipedia has become one of the most popular storehouses of knowledge in the new media age, it would be beneficial to begin there: “… a broad term in media studies that emerged in the latter part of the 20th century.

For example, new media holds out a possibility of on-demand access to content anytime, anywhere, on rights essay any digital device, as well as interactive user feedback, creative participation and community formation around the media content. Another important promise of new media is the an essay on role of youth in nation democratization of the creation, publishing, distribution and consumption of media content. What distinguishes new media from traditional media is the digitizing of content into bits. There is also a dynamic aspect of content production which can be done in real time, but these offerings lack standards and have yet to gain traction. Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia, is an example, combining Internet accessible digital text, images and video with web-links, creative participation of contributors, interactive feedback of users and formation of a participant community of editors and donors for the benefit of civil rights liberties non-community readers. Facebook is an example of the social media model, in writers online, which most users are also participants. Most technologies described as new media are digital, often having characteristics of being manipulated, networkable, dense, compressible, and interactive. Civil And Civil? [1] Some examples may be the pythagorean homework Internet, websites, computer multimedia, computer games, CD-ROMS, and DVDs. New media does not include television programs, feature films, magazines, books, or paper-based publications – unless they contain technologies that enable digital interactivity.“ As a consequence of the quick embrace of New Media by business, causes, communications, and a multitude of others, the question of “what is new media?” did not receive an official or standardized response. Rights And Civil Liberties? Instead, responses to this question have often entailed a series of hackneyed keywords or empty phrases whose effectiveness is yet to notre be determined.

The question of new media isn’t a question that merely indexes new toys and tools. Rather, there is rights, a qualitative question that lurks beneath the shining surface of the screen brandishing the images we associate as products or elements of New Media. A good question to ask instead of “what is new media?” is “what isn’t new media?” To be sure, there are some definite signposts to guide the twenty-first century user’s query. The term “new media” seems to escape its very definition. Loosely, new media is a way of pastry business organizing a cloud of technology, skills, and processes that change so quickly that it is impossible to fully define just what those tools and processes are. Civil Rights And Civil Liberties Essay? For example, the cell phone in the late 1980’s could be thought of as part of new media, while today the term might only apply selectively to a certain type of phone with a given system of applications, or even more commonly, the content of those apps.

Part of the research difficulty in defining New Media is that there is an elusive quality to civil rights liberties the idea of help “new.” The very prospect of being new denotes an event just beyond the horizon, something that has only just arrived and civil and civil liberties, which we are just beginning to get our hands on. Perhaps in searching for a suitable characterization for this network of tools and on divorce, ideas is the idea of limitless possibility. Limitless possibility for communication, for innovation, and education is certainly a fundamental element that shapes our conceptions of new media usage from civil rights now on. Nevertheless, in seeking a definition of “New Media” we need some basic tenets that can help us get a better positive understanding of what New Media is beyond what New Media isn’t. New media can be characterized by academic writers review the variegated use of and civil liberties essay images, words, and sounds. These networks of images, sounds, and text data are different from old media formats such as hardcopy newspapers because of the nesting characteristic . Nesting is a way of organizing of the presentation of information according to subjects while paying secondary attention to context. In the place of context, nesting (most commonly seen in text or image hyper-linking) is a format that fosters organization in a way in which elements interact with one another instead of simply following a straight order. This new organization of pythagorean homework data does not require a “back story” and each interactive element of information stands alone. New media requires a non-linear interpretation, since many sources are often oriented around the civil rights same subject-center, but are not always collated. At the academic end of the day all this means is civil rights, that one of the primary characteristics of new media is that it is freed from the linear restrictions of older formats such as newspapers, books, and magazines.

Perhaps this conception of new media is only part of the whole picture and the skeletal outlines of a much more profound discussion. We recognize that many online interfaces enrich university and office experiences, making nested and notre dame, comprehensible write-ups, drop-boxes, and support-based chat centers. Civil Rights Liberties Essay? The first thing that anyone using “new media” in the twenty first century realizes is that the technology and capability for innovation does not necessarily determine its usefulness or it’s potential. Of course, that all rests on the shoulders of the user, or does it? New media has had a profound effect on three of the most essential categories of society in the twenty-first century: economics politics, and the exchange of plan ideas. Civil Rights And Civil Liberties? Of course, the scope of this article is limited in its ability to name the an essay on role of youth building types of changes that are a product of new media, let alone a sufficient treatment of each category. Rights And Civil Liberties Essay? However, it is important to sketch a brief schematic life of new media in the Information Age. Economically, new media is the globe’s commercial skeleton. Pythagorean Help? Fiber optic wiring networks between the world’s cities connect one to another to another…. Not only does this simple fact make global finance and trade a physical reality, since data networks between firms and investors are universally accessible, but it also impacts the possibilities and conceptions of rights and civil so-called “old commercial” enterprises while giving rise to new ones. Every time a customer goes online to shop for that rare book title, or that overstocked iPod, or even the digital camera from a large retail store available down the pastry plan block, new media is on both sides of that transaction.

New media is not only the product but helps to mould the process of electronic commerce. This means that manufacturing and civil rights liberties, production are largely focused on academic review making the civil rights and civil liberties hardware that supports new media, while “softer” enterprises like news agencies, programmers, and artists adapt their crafts to the flows of the writers online electronic current. If it seems abstract, that’s because it is. Rights And Civil Liberties? New media processes and paper, communications add another dimension to the business and consumers’ practices we were already use to. Perhaps the most interesting part of new media has to do with the restructuring of research, global economics, social interaction, and the currents of writing and dissemination of civil rights and civil liberties all information that have accompanied its emergence. Web and blog-writing in particular are not particularly revolutionary or ground-breaking because it changes the research on divorce way people use language or construct basic sentences. It is ground breaking because it allows people to structure and nest information into documents differently. In today’s average web/blog post, news articles, op-eds etc. are not only entries in mixed media (photos, writing, video) format, but they are organized according to hyperlink organization. Hyperlink organization is and civil essay, one of the definitive features of new media, and its implications run deep as well as wide. . Nesting, which is song master thesis, frequently in the form of hyperlinking, requires extensive interpretation and research. This organization is rights, beneficial since old media representation often asserts an artificial context into an article or media piece in order to provide continuity. In nested new media, hyperlinking fosters the ultimate citation resource-apparatus.

In traditional reporting found in a print newspaper, scholarly research article, or encyclopedia, information and theorem homework help, references are contained within the body of the rights text. Notre Dame? There are certain citations and allusions, but for liberties essay, the most part, the sweeping or narrow nature of the text depends on the structural organization of the piece as well as the reader’s contextual understanding of a given subject. It is well known that data organization differs greatly in twenty-first century new media. Take for instance, the single most influential tool in casual research and data-storage: Wikipedia . It is virtually impossible to search an article that is published on Wikipedia without coming across a hyperlink to another page of academic online data; in fact, it is more accurate to say that it’s difficult to come across an entry with fewer than ten hyperlinks. In addition to the classical mode of citing sources at and civil the end of a document with trusted texts and data, Wikipedia exemplifies a style of information technology that is theorem, based on the interconnectedness of ideas and civil rights essay, events. Here it is important to note one way that “new media” may not actually be all that new: During the research paper on divorce French Enlightenment, the authors of the famed Encyclopedie created a system of footnotes that referred to certain other entries. The subtle structure of civil rights and civil such an organization underlies a profoundly partisan representation of facts and images. The same is largely true in hyperlink writing. While the content that is master, mentioned and presented within an article may be empirically accurate, it is important to and civil note that the selection of sources and outside connections may still be highly subjective.

This quality makes research a more shaded and complex enterprise and sometimes even enriches the reader’s understanding of a given issue. [i] We need to an essay on role building note that new media is also characterized by and civil liberties essay an astonishing and uncharted level of an essay on role of youth in nation building personal experience/exposure. Online companies and sites can track the content of personal emails and site visits in order to civil target advertisements on users’ sidebars and preferences. There are websites whose sole purpose is to compile and share personal data with web surfers. One example is plan, Speokeo.com , a website that uses publically cached information (phone numbers, family members, emails, addresses, even shopping trends) and shares them, albeit sparingly without a membership, to all those who wish to search. Concerns over privacy in new media are legitimate: the biggest concern is whether or not to be concerned. Perhaps in the fog of civil liberties essay shared and linked information across social sites, business networking, as well as email messages and publically recorded data, personal privacy for those who work with new media technology may be a thing of the foggy and research paper on divorce, distant twentieth century. In reality, there is one all important caveat: Don’t write or reveal anything on line that you wouldn’t want the world to know! There is indeed something about new media that is defined by its capability to reach outside of civil stagnant information pools. Perhaps the term new media is more apt to describe the network of networks that overwrites traditional relationships in exchange for dame essays, new ones. In many ways, traditional media outlets now rely on new media sources for data and information.

One recent article from the and civil French newspaper Le Monde charted the evolution of political blogs across Europe in order to assess emerging trends and opinions in the region. What this signals is twofold: not only does new media enable the an essay in nation average person to engage in political, cultural, social, and civil rights liberties essay, economic action, but it also suggests that old-style reporting and data outlets are secondary and not primary sources for many. New media is an enabler and the new primary source. The exchange of ideas and images are is of primary importance in considering the potential for new media. Not only writers review are political horizons widened but so too are artistic and educational ones. Today, there is a tremendous ability for individual users who write, paint, report, educate, etc. to make connections to one another in a way that might allow them to circumvent the conventions of institutional and closed opportunities. One thing is very clear: New Media is experiencing the growing pains of civil rights and civil essay “the Wild West.” New Media itself is neutral new technology evolving all the time. It is up to the user as to whether it is good or bad.

Conclusion: rhetorical questions of potential. So much of what defines new media is subtle, unrestricted, and not standardized. But is that good or bad? Just what determines the information and communication traffic across mobile phones, fiber optic wires, and online encyclopedias? Where is new media really going, and are we, as users, constructing the destination or are we blindingly falling into its clutches through necessities and paradigms? Perhaps the potential of on divorce new media is a function of its intermediate development and our social, political, and economic transition within and outside of it. Either way, it remains to civil rights liberties be seen whether or not it really is an essay on role, up to us to define the digital frontier.

Regardless, new media and civil rights, new media communications is continually evolving and as a result, its definitions evolves as well. [i] “Governance, Organization, and Democracy on the Internet: The Iron Law and the Evolution of Wikipedia” Piotr Konieczny, Sociological Forum . Vol. 24, No. 1 (Mar., 2009), pp. 162-192.

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American Literature/Colonial Period (1620s-1776) American Literature, defined here as it traditionally has been to civil liberties essay be the literature of the pastry business plan United States, or as written on land that would one day become the United States, has as its beginning date 1583, the year the earliest English writing explorers started to write about the new continent. Some date the end of the Colonial Period as early as 1763, the start of the rights and civil French and notre dame, Indian War, the results of which set in motion a chain of events that led the colonies to seek independence from Great Britain. Others set it as late as 1789, the year the U.S. Constitution went into effect.

This text splits the difference by using 1776, the year the Declaration of Independence was signed, as the cutoff year for the period. This year is a guideline not a rigidly held cutoff. The writing of the and civil essay period varied greatly in homework terms of quality and liberties, subject, but less so in terms of business plan, genre. For the sake of classification, in fact, all of the literature of the period can be broken down into just ten genres: Not all of these genres span the entire period, although a few do. Many American literature textbooks cover the colonial period genre by genre.

The danger in doing this is time distortion. This period of literature spans almost 300 years, longer by far than all of the rights and civil liberties essay other periods of literature put together. The other problem with covering this period by genre is that many of paper on divorce, its most famous writers wrote in more than one genre, so the civil rights liberties same writer must be considered multiple times. A final disadvantage is the research proximity of many of the genres to another genre. For example, how different can a work in civil rights and civil essay philosophy be from a religious tract when a religious background is assumed by the author? Many political writers touch heavily on history, and vice versa. Given these considerations, it is more fruitful to cover this period diachronically while keeping possible genres in mind. Aside from span of time, another consideration that makes this period unique from all the others is that the writers in this period had no idea they were writing anything that could be classified as American literature.

These writers were mostly British, and notre, all were heavily indebted to British literature writing conventions long since established in the motherland. No other period of American literature is as derivative of English literature as the colonial period. Relation to English Literature Edit. The British claimed most of the Atlantic seaboard north of Florida as belonging to Britain soon after Columbus discovered land across the Atlantic Ocean. Henry VII sent John Cabot to chart out the regions or provinces of the heathen and infidel, whatsoever they may be as early as 1497. However, circumstances never arose for England to rights and civil essay make good on her claims until late during Elizabeth's reign. When England finally did establish her first permanent settlement in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia, and a few years later in Massachusetts, her primary motives were: The literature produced in the part of America known as the pastry business United States did not begin as an independent literature. England bestowed on the earliest settlers the English language, books, and modes of thought. Rights Liberties? England had an established literature long before the first permanent settlement across the Atlantic was considered. Shakespeare, for example, had died only four years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth.

For nearly two hundred years after the first English settlements in America, the majority of the works read there were written by English authors. The hard struggle necessary to obtain a foothold in a wilderness was not favorable to the early development of a literature. Those who remained in England could not clear away the forest, till the soil, and contend with Indians, but they could write the books and send them across the ocean. Writers Review? The early settlers were for the most part content to allow English authors to do this. For these reasons it is unsurprising that early American literature does not match in quality that produced in England during the same period. When Americans began to write in larger numbers, there was at rights liberties essay first close adherence to English models. For a while it seemed as if American literature would be only a feeble imitation of these models. Beginning in the eighteenth century, that started to change and some colonial writing was considered to have merit in its own right. The literature of England gained something from America as well.

As early as the nineteenth century, English critics, like John Addington Symonds, Robert Louis Stevenson, and Edward Dowden, have testified to the power of the notre dame essays democratic element in civil essay American literature and willingly admitted that without a study of Cooper, Poe, and Hawthorne no one could give an adequate account of the essays landmarks of achievement in fiction written in English. French critics too have always admired Poe. In a certain field Poe and Hawthorne occupy a unique place in the world's achievement. Rights Liberties? Nor are men like Herman Melville and Mark Twain common in any literature. Some of the reasons why American literature developed along original lines and thus conveyed a message of its own to the world are to be found in the changed environment and the varying problems and ideals of American life. Even more important than the changed ways of earning a living and the difference in on role of youth building climate, animals, and scenery were the struggles leading to the Revolutionary War, the formation and guidance of the Republic, and and civil, the Civil War. All these combined to give individuality to American thought and literature.

In 1607 the first permanent English colony within the research paper on divorce present limits of the United States was planted at rights and civil Jamestown in Virginia. The colony was founded for commercial reasons by the London Company, an organization formed to secure profits from colonization. The colonists and the company that furnished their ship and outfit expected large profits from the gold mines and research paper on divorce, the precious stones which were believed to rights liberties essay await discovery. Of course, the adventurers were also influenced by the honor and the romantic interest which they thought would result from a successful settlement. When the expedition sailed from England in December, 1606, Michael Drayton, an Elizabethan poet, wrote verses dedicated To the Virginian Voyage. These stanzas show the reason for sending the colonizers to Virginia: The majority of the early Virginian colonists, however, were unfit for their task. An Essay On Role In Nation Building? Contemporary accounts tell of the many unruly gallants, packed hither by their friends to escape ill destinies. Beggars, vagabonds, indentured servants, kidnapped girls, even convicts, were sent to Jamestown. After the execution of Charles I in 1649, and the setting up of the Puritan Commonwealth, many of the royalists, or Cavaliers, as they were called, came to and civil liberties Virginia to escape oppressive Puritan rule. They became the ancestors of Presidents and statesmen, and of many of the aristocratic families of the South.

The ideals expressed by Captain John Smith, the leader and pastry business plan, preserver of the Jamestown colony, are worthy to rank beside those of the colonizers of civil rights liberties, New England. Help? Looking back at his achievement in Virginia, he wrote, Then seeing we are not born for ourselves but each to help other . Civil Liberties Essay? Seeing honor is our lives' ambition . and seeing by no means would we be abated of the dignities and glories of our predecessors; let us imitate their virtues to be worthily their successors. The Puritans Colonize New England Edit. During the period from 1620 to 1640, large numbers of English people migrated to that part of America now known as New England. These emigrants were not impelled by hope of wealth, or ease, or pleasure. They were called Puritans because they wished to purify the Church of England from pastry what seemed to them great abuses; and the purpose of these men in emigrating to America was to lay the foundations of a state built upon their religious principles. These people came for an intangible something--liberty of conscience, a fuller life of the spirit--which has never commanded a price on any stock exchange in the world. They looked beyond. These Puritans had been more than one century in and civil the making. We hear of song, them in the time of Wycliffe (1324-1384). Henry VIII formed the Church of England in 1534.

Opposed by Catholics and some Protestant religious groups, some could not reconcile their beliefs to worship in England's official church. For these dissenting Protestants, their religion was a constant command to put the unseen above the seen, the eternal above the temporal, to satisfy the aspiration of the spirit. They would not accommodate the civil and civil perceived Romishe taint that remained in the Church of England. James I (reigned 1603–1625) told them that he would harry them out of the kingdom unless they conformed to business plan the rites of the Established Church. His son and successor Charles I (reigned 1625–1649) called to his aid Archbishop Laud (1573–1645), a bigoted official of that church. Laud hunted the dissenting clergy like wild beasts, threw them into prison, whipped them in the pillory, branded them, slit their nostrils, and mutilated their ears. Rights? John Cotton, pastor of the church of dame, Boston, England, was told that if he had been guilty only of an infraction of certain of the Ten Commandments, he might have been pardoned, but since his crime was Puritanism, he must suffer.

He had great trouble in escaping on a ship bound for the New England Boston. Professor Tyler says: New England has perhaps never quite appreciated its great obligations to Archbishop Laud. It was his overmastering hate of civil rights and civil essay, nonconformity, it was the theorem homework vigilance and vigor and civil rights and civil, consecrated cruelty with which he scoured his own diocese and dame, afterward all England, and hunted down and and civil liberties, hunted out the ministers who were committing the unpardonable sin of dissent, that conferred upon academic writers online review the principal colonies of New England their ablest and noblest men. It should be noted that the Puritan colonization of civil and civil essay, New England took place in a comparatively brief space of time, during the twenty years from 1620 to 1640. Until 1640 persecution drove the Puritans to New England in multitudes, but in that year they suddenly stopped coming. Writers Review? During the one hundred and twenty-five years following that date, more persons, it is supposed, went back from the New to the Old England than came from the Old England to the New, says Professor Tyler. The year 1640 marks the assembling of the civil liberties essay Long Parliament, which finally brought to the block both Archbishop Laud (1645) and King Charles I (1649), and chose the great Puritan, Oliver Cromwell, to lead the Commonwealth. The leading men in the colonization of Virginia and New England were born in the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1558–1603), and they and pythagorean theorem, their descendants showed on this side of the Atlantic those characteristics which made the Elizabethan age preeminent. In the first place, the Elizabethans possessed initiative.

This power consists, first, in having ideas, and secondly, in passing from the ideas to the suggested action. Rights And Civil? Some people merely dream. The Elizabethans dreamed glorious dreams, which they translated into action. They defeated the pythagorean homework help Spanish Armada; they circumnavigated the globe; they made it possible for Shakespeare's pen to mold the thought and to influence the actions of the civil rights and civil liberties essay world. If we except those indentured servants and apprentices who came to America merely because others brought them, we shall find not only that the first colonists were born in song an age distinguished for its initiative, but also that they came because they possessed this characteristic in a greater degree than those who remained behind. It was easier for the majority to stay with their friends; hence England was not depopulated. The few came, those who had sufficient initiative to cross three thousand miles of civil and civil, unknown sea, who had the power to dream dreams of a new commonwealth, and the will to embody those dreams in action.

In the second place, the Elizabethans were ingenious, that is, they were imaginative and resourceful. Impelled by the mighty forces of the Reformation and the Revival of Learning which the England of Elizabeth alone felt at one and the same time, the Elizabethans craved and obtained variety of experience, which kept the fountainhead of ingenuity filled. It is instructive to follow the lives of Elizabethans as different as Sir Philip Sidney, William Shakespeare, Sir Walter Raleigh, Captain John Smith, and John Winthrop, and to note the varied experiences of each. Yankee ingenuity had an dame Elizabethan ancestry. The hard conditions of the New World merely gave an opportunity to exercise to civil and civil liberties essay the utmost an ingenuity which the colonists brought with them. In the pythagorean theorem homework help third place, the Elizabethans were unusually democratic; that is, the different classes mingled together in and civil a marked degree.

This intermingling was due in part to increased travel, to the desire born of the song New Learning, to civil rights and civil essay live as varied and as complete a life as possible, and to writers the absence of overspecialization among individuals. This chance for varied experience with all sorts and conditions of men enabled Shakespeare to speak to all humanity. All England was represented in his plays. Essay? When the Reverend Thomas Hooker, born in the last half of dame, Elizabeth's reign, was made pastor at Hartford, Connecticut, he suggested to his flock a democratic form of government much like that under which we now live. American life and literature owe their most interesting traits to these three Elizabethan qualities: initiative, ingenuity, and democracy. The Cambridge University graduate, the cooper, cloth-maker, printer, and blacksmith had the initiative to set out for the New World, the civil and civil ingenuity to deal with its varied exigencies, and the democratic spirit that enabled them to work side by side, no matter how diverse their former trades, modes of life, and social condition. The hero of the Jamestown colony, and its savior during the first two years, was Captain John Smith, born in Willoughby, Lincolnshire, in 1579, twenty-four years before the paper on divorce death of Elizabeth and thirty-seven before the death of Shakespeare. Smith was a man of civil and civil liberties, Elizabethan stamp: active, ingenious, imaginative, craving new experiences.

While a mere boy, he could not stand the tediousness of of youth in nation building, ordinary life, and so betook himself to the forest where he could hunt and play knight. In the first part of his young manhood he crossed the Channel, voyaged in the Mediterranean, fought the Turks, killing three of them in single combat, was taken prisoner and enslaved by the Tartars, killed his inhuman master, escaped into Russia, went thence through Europe to civil liberties essay Africa, was in desperate naval battles, returned to England, sailing thence for Virginia, which he reached at the age of twenty-eight. He soon became president of the Jamestown colony and labored strenuously for its preservation. Writers Online Review? The first product of his pen in essay America was A True Relation of Virginia , written in 1608, the year in which John Milton was born. The last work written by Smith in America is entitled: A Map of Virginia, with a Description of the dame Country, the Commodities, People, Government, and Religion . His description of the Indians shows his capacity for quickly noting their traits:

Smith has often been accused of boasting, and some have said that he was guilty of great exaggeration or something worse, but it is certain that he repeatedly braved hardships, extreme dangers, and captivity among the Indians to provide food for the colony and to survey Virginia. After carefully editing Captain John Smith's Works in a volume of 983 pages, Professor Edwin Arber says: For [our] own part, beginning with doubtfulness and wariness we have gradually come to the unhesitating conviction, not only of Smith's truthfulness, but also that, in regard to all personal matters, he systematically understates rather than exaggerates anything he did. Although by far the greater part of Smith's literary work was done after he returned to England, yet his two booklets written in America entitle him to a place in colonial literature. He had the Elizabethan love of achievement, and he records his admiration for those whose 'pens writ what their swords did.' He was not an artist with his pen, but our early colonial literature is the richer for civil and civil liberties essay his rough narrative and for the description of building, Virginia and the Indians. In one sense he gave the Indian to literature, and civil rights and civil liberties essay, that is notre dame, his greatest achievement in literary history. Civil Rights And Civil Liberties? Who has not heard the story of his capture by the Indians, of his rescue from on divorce torture and death, by the beautiful Indian maiden, Pocahontas, of her risking her life to save him a second time from Indian treachery, of her bringing corn and preserving the colony from famine, of her visit to rights liberties England in 1616, a few weeks after the master death of Shakespeare, of her royal reception as a princess, the daughter of an Indian king, of Smith's meeting her again in London, where their romantic story aroused the admiration of the and civil liberties essay court and the citizens for the brown-eyed princess? It would be difficult to say how many tales of help, Indian adventure this romantic story of Pocahontas has suggested. It has the civil rights and civil essay honor of being the first of its kind written in the English tongue.

Did Pocahontas actually rescue Captain Smith? In his account of writers online review, his adventures, written in Virginia in 1608, he does not mention this rescue, but in his later writings he relates it as an actual occurrence. When Pocahontas visited London, this story was current, and there is no evidence that she denied it. Liberties? Professor Arber says, To deny the truth of the Pocahontas incident is to create more difficulties than are involved in its acceptance. But literature does not need to ask whether the story of Hamlet or of Pocahontas is master, true. If this unique story of American adventure is a product of Captain Smith's creative imagination, the literary critic must admit the captain's superior ability in producing a tale of such vitality. If the story is true, then our literature does well to remember whose pen made this truth one of the most persistent of our early romantic heritages. He is as well known for the story of Pocahontas as for all of his other achievements.

The man who saved the Virginia colony and who first suggested a new field to the writer of American romance is rightly considered one of the civil liberties essay most striking figures in our early history, even if he did return to England in less than three years and end his days there in 1631. American literature is business, widely considered to begin with Captain John Smith. It is civil rights, best to read him in his own words in business order to form your own judgements. Civil And Civil Liberties? Fortunatley, his works are available for free on the Internet. Visit the following URLs, read as much of Smith as interests you, and we'll see you when you return in order to pastry business continue our voyage through American literature: A True Relation of and civil liberties essay, Such Occurrences and Accidents of Note as Happened in Virginia (1608) http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/jamestown-browsemod?id=J1007 An Accidence, or The Pathway to Experience Necessary for all Young Seamen (1626) is not available currently online. A technical manual, Smith's short pamphlet on seamanship is illustrated with incidents from his own experiences. It would be enlarged as A Sea Grammar in 1627.

Advertisements for the Unexperienced Planters of New England, or Anywhere (1631) http://www.archive.org/details/advertisementsfo00smit Captain James Smith was not the only Englishman writing in the colonies in the early seventeenth century. William Strachey, a contemporary of Shakespeare and secretary of the Virginian colony, wrote at Jamestown and sent to London in 1610 the manuscript of A True Repertory of the Wrack and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Kt., upon and from the song master Islands of the Bermudas . Civil And Civil Liberties? This is a story of shipwreck on writers review, the Bermudas and of escape in small boats. The book is memorable for the description of a storm at sea, and it is possible that it may even have furnished suggestions to Shakespeare for The Tempest . If so, it is interesting to compare these with what they produced in Shakespeare's mind. Strachey tells how the civil rights and civil sea swelled above the clouds and gave battle unto heaven. He speaks of an song thesis apparition of a little round light, like a faint star, trembling and streaming along with a sparkling blaze, half the height upon the main mast, and shooting sometimes from shroud to shroud. Civil Essay? Ariel says to Prospero: Strachey voices the current belief that the Bermudas were harassed by dame essays tempests, devils, wicked spirits, and other fearful objects. Civil? Shakespeare as Ferdinand with fewer words intensify Strachey's picture: The possibility that incidents arising out of Virginian colonization may have turned Shakespeare's attention to the still vex'd Bermoothes and notre, given him suggestions for one of his great plays lends added interest to Strachey's True Repertory.

But, aside from Shakespeare, this has an interest of its own. It has the and civil Anglo-Saxon touch in depicting the wrath of the sea, and it shows the character of the early American colonists who braved a wrath like this. As was the pythagorean help case with Captain Smith, William Strachey's work too is available on civil and civil, the Internet. Pastry? Enjoy reading your fill and we'll see you upon your return. A true reportory of the wracke, and redemption of Sir THOMAS GATES Knight original-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown.

A True Reportory of the Wreck and Redemption of liberties, Sir Thomas Gates, Knight modern-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. Academic Writers Online? For The Colony in Virginea Britannia. Lawes Divine, Morall and Martiall, c. original-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. For The Colony in Virginia Brittannia: Laws Divine, Moral and Martial, etc. Essay? modern-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. The Historie of Travaile Into Virginia Britannia at Google Books.

A Dictionary of Powhatan at Google Books. During his stay in the colony as its treasurer, he translated ten books of Ovid's Metamorphoses , sometimes working by the light of a pine knot. This work is rescued from the class of mere translation by its literary art and imaginative interpretation, and research paper on divorce, it possesses for us an additional interest because of its nativity amid such surroundings. Two lines telling how Philemon. show that his environment aided him somewhat in the translation.

He himself says of this version that it was bred in the new world, whereof it cannot but participate, especially having wars and tumults to bring it to light, instead of the muses. Rights And Civil Liberties Essay? He was read by both Dryden and Pope in their boyhood, and the form of their verse shows his influence. The only original poem which merits our attention in the early Virginian colony was found soon after the Revolutionary War in a collection of manuscripts, known as the Burwell Papers . This poem is an elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacon (1676), a young Virginian patriot and on role in nation, military hero, who resisted the despotic governor, Sir William Berkeley. Civil And Civil Liberties Essay? It was popularly believed that Bacon's mysterious death was due to poison. An unknown friend wrote the elegy in defense of Bacon and his rebellion. These lines from that elegy show a strength unusual in colonial poetry: Clerk of the Council of Virginia, he published in London in 1705 a History and Present State of Virginia . This is an essay of youth in nation building, today a readable account of the colony and its people in the first part of the eighteenth century. This selection shows that in those early days Virginians were noted for rights and civil what has come to be known as southern hospitality: Colonel William Byrd (1674-1744) Edit. A wealthy Virginian, he was commissioned by the Virginian colony to run a line between it and North Carolina.

He then wrote a History of the Dividing Line run in academic the Year 1728 . This book is a record of personal experiences, and is as interesting as its title is forbidding. This selection describes the Dismal Swamp, through which the line ran: These two selections show that American literature, even before the Revolution, came to be something more than an imitation of English literature. No critic could say that they might as well have been written in rights and civil liberties essay London as in Virginia. They also show how much eighteenth-century prose had improved in form. Even in England, modern prose may almost be said to begin with John Dryden, who died at on role building the beginning of the eighteenth century. In addition to improvement in form, we may note the civil and civil liberties appearance of a new quality: humor. America's earliest writers have few traces of humor because colonization was a serious life and death affair to them. After the founding of the Plymouth colony in 1620, Virginia and New England developed along different lines. In New England there were more dwellers in towns, more democracy and mingling of all classes, more popular education, and online review, more literature.

The ruling classes of Virginia were mostly descendants of the Cavaliers who had sympathized with monarchy, while the rights essay Puritans had fought the on divorce Stuart kings and had approved a Commonwealth. In Virginia a wealthy class of landed gentry came to be an increasing power in the political history of the country. And Civil Liberties Essay? The ancestors of George Washington and many others who did inestimable service to the nation were among this class. It was long the thesis fashion for this aristocracy to send their children to England to be educated, while the Puritans trained theirs at home. New England started a printing press, and was printing books by 1640. In 1671 Sir William Berkeley, governor of Virginia, wrote, I thank God there are no free schools, nor printing, and rights and civil essay, I hope we shall not have these hundred years; for learning has brought disobedience and heresy and sects into plan the world, and printing has developed them. Producers of literature need the stimulus of town life. The South was chiefly agricultural. The plantations were large, and civil and civil liberties essay, the people lived in far greater isolation than in New England, where not only the town, but more especially the church, developed a close social unit. One other reason served to make it difficult for plan a poet of the plowman type, like Robert Burns, or for an author from the general working class, like Benjamin Franklin, to arise in the South.

Labor was thought degrading, and the laborer did not find the same chance as at the North to civil rights liberties learn from close association with the intelligent class. The reason for this is given by Colonel William Byrd, from whom we have quoted in the preceding section. He wrote in 1736 of the leading men of the South: William Bradford was born in 1590 in the Pilgrim district of England, in the Yorkshire village of business, Austerfield, two miles north of Scrooby. While a child, he attended the religious meetings of the Puritans. At the age of eighteen he gave up a good position in the post service of England, and crossed to Holland to escape religious persecution. His History of Plymouth Plantation is not a record of the Puritans as a whole, but only of that branch known as the rights Pilgrims, who left England for pastry Holland in 1607 and 1608, and who, after remaining there for nearly twelve years, had the initiative to be the rights liberties first of their band to come to the New World, and to settle at Plymouth in master thesis 1620. For more than thirty years he was governor of the Plymouth colony, and he managed its affairs with the discretion of a Washington and the zeal of a Cromwell. His History tells the story of the Pilgrim Fathers from the time of the rights liberties formation of their two congregations in song England, until 1647. In 1897 the United States for the first time came into possession of the manuscript of this famous History of rights and civil, Plymouth Plantation , which had in business some mysterious manner been taken from civil liberties Boston in colonial times and had found its way into the library of the Lord Bishop of London. Few of the English seem to have read it.

Even its custodian miscalled it The Log of the Mayflower, although after the ship finally cleared from song master thesis England, only five incidents of the voyage are briefly mentioned: the death of a young seaman who cursed the Pilgrims on civil and civil liberties essay, the voyage and made sport of their misery; the cracking of one of the main beams of the ship; the washing overboard in a storm of a good young man who was providentially saved; the death of a servant; and the sight of Cape Cod. On petition, the song thesis Lord Bishop of London generously gave this manuscript of 270 pages to civil the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. In a speech at the time of its formal reception, Senator Hoar eloquently summed up the subject matter of the volume as follows: In addition to giving matter of unique historical importance, Bradford entertains his readers with an account of Squanto, the Pilgrims' tame Indian, of Miles Standish capturing the lord of on role of youth in nation building, misrule at Merrymount, and of the failure of an experiment in tilling the soil in common. Bradford says that there was immediate improvement when each family received the full returns from working its own individual plot of ground. Rights Essay? He thus philosophizes about this social experiment of the Pilgrims:

Both the subject matter of the early colonial prose in this manuscript compare favirably with that produced in research paper England at the same time. On March 29, 1630, John Winthrop made the first entry in his Journal on board the civil rights liberties ship Arbella, before he left the Isle of Wight for Massachusetts Bay. This Journal was to continue until a few months before his death in 1649, and was in after times to receive the dignified name of History of master thesis, New England , although it might more properly still be called his Journal , as its latest editor does indeed style it. John Winthrop was born in civil and civil essay the County of Suffolk, England, in 1588, the year of the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Research Paper On Divorce? He was a wealthy, well-educated Puritan, the owner of broad estates. Rights And Civil Liberties? As he paced the deck of the Arbella , the business plan night before he sailed for Massachusetts, he knew that he was leaving comfort, home, friends, position, all for liberty of conscience.

Few men have ever voluntarily abandoned more than Winthrop, or clung more tenaciously to their ideals. After a voyage lasting more than two months, he settled with a large number of Puritans on civil and civil, the site of modern Boston. For the principal part of the time from his arrival in 1630 until his death in 1649, he served as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Online Review? Not many civil leaders of any age have shown more sagacity, patriotism, and tireless devotion to duty than John Winthrop. His Journal is a record of contemporaneous events from 1630 to 1648. The early part of this work might with some justice have been called the Log of the Arbella . TRANSLITERATION OF FACSIMILE OF WINTHROP'S JOURNAL ANNO DOMINI 1630, MARCH 29, MONDAY. EASTER MONDAY.

The entry for Monday, April 12, 1630, is: The following entry for June 5, 1644, reflects an interesting side light on the government of Harvard, our first American college: Another entry for 1644 tells of one William Franklin, condemned for causing the death of his apprentice: Winthrop relates how Franklin appealed the case when he was found guilty, and how the Puritans inflicted the death penalty on him after searching the Bible for a rule on which to base their decision. Civil And Civil Essay? The most noticeable qualities of this terrible story are its simplicity, its repression, its lack of striving after effect. Winthrop, Bradford, and paper on divorce, Bunyan had learned from the 1611 version of the Bible to be content to present any situation as simply as possible and to rely on the facts themselves to secure the effect. Winthrop's finest piece of prose, Concerning Liberty , appears in an entry for the year 1645. Civil Rights And Civil Liberties? He defines liberty as the power to do that which is good, just, and honest. This liberty you are to stand for, with the hazard, not only of your goods, but of song master, your lives, if need be. Winthrop saw clearly what many since his day have failed to see, that a government conducted by the people could not endure, if liberty meant more than this. Winthrop's Journal records almost anything which seemed important to the colonists.

Thus, he tells about storms, fires, peculiar deaths of animals, crimes, trials, Indians, labor troubles, arrival of ships, trading expeditions, troubles with England about the charter, politics, church matters, events that would point a moral, like the selfish refusal of the civil rights and civil authorities to loan a quantity of pastry business plan, gunpowder to rights liberties the Plymouth colony and the subsequent destruction of that same powder by an explosion, or the drowning of on role, a child in the well while the parents were visiting on Sunday. In short, this Journal gives valuable information about the civil, religious, and civil rights and civil liberties, domestic life of the academic online review early days of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The art of modern prose writing was known neither in England nor in America in Winthrop's time. The wonder is that he told the story of this colony in such good form and that he still holds the interest of the and civil liberties essay reader so well. William Bradford and John Winthrop were governors of two religious commonwealths.

We must not forget that the Puritans came to America to secure a higher form of spiritual life. In the research paper reign of Elizabeth, it was thought that the Revival of Learning would cure all ills and unlock the gates of happiness. This hope had met with disappointment. Then Puritanism came, and rights and civil liberties, ushered in a new era of spiritual aspiration for on divorce something better, nobler, and more satisfying than mere intellectual attainments or wealth or earthly power had been able to secure. The Puritans chose the Bible as the guidebook to their Promised Land.

The long sermons to civil and civil which they listened were chiefly biblical expositions. The Puritans considered the saving of the soul the most important matter, and they neglected whatever form of culture did not directly tend toward that result. They thought that entertaining reading and other forms of academic writers online, amusement were contrivances of the devil to turn the civil and civil soul's attention away from the Bible . Even beauty and art were considered handmaids of the Evil One. The Bible was read, reread, and constantly studied, and it took the notre place of secular poetry and civil and civil essay, prose. The New England Puritan believed in the theology of online, John Calvin, who died in 1564. His creed, known as Calvinism, emphasized the importance of the individual, of life's continuous moral struggle, which would land each soul in heaven or hell for all eternity. In the New England Primer , the children were taught the first article of belief, as they learned the letter A: Calvinism stressed the doctrine of civil, foreordination, that certain ones, the elect, had been foreordained to paper on divorce be saved. Thomas Shephard (1605–1649), one of the great Puritan clergy, fixed the mathematical ratio of the damned to the elect as a thousand to one. Civil Rights And Civil Liberties Essay? On the physical side, scientists have pointed out a close correspondence between Calvin's creed and the theory of pythagorean theorem homework, evolution, which emphasizes the desperate struggle resulting from the survival of the civil and civil essay fittest.

The fittest are the elect; those who perish in notre dame essays the contest, the damned. In the evolutionary struggle, only the few survive, while untold numbers of the unfit, no matter whether seeds of plants, eggs of fish, human beings, or any other form of life, go to the wall. In spite of the apparent contradiction between free will and foreordination, each individual felt himself fully responsible for the saving of his soul. Civil Rights Essay? A firm belief in this tremendous responsibility made each one rise the stronger to online review meet the other responsibilities of life. Civil responsibility seemed easier to one reared in this school. The initiative bequeathed by Elizabethan times was increased by the Puritans' religion. Although there were probably as many university men in proportion to the population in rights and civil essay early colonial Massachusetts as in England, the strength and direction of theorem homework, their religious ideals helped to and civil turn their energy into activities outside the field of pure literature. In course of time, however, Nathaniel Hawthorne appeared to give lasting literary expression to this life.

The clergy occupied a leading place in both the civil and religious life of New England. They were men of energy and ability, who could lead their congregations to Holland or to the wilds of New England. For the purpose in hand the world has never seen superior leaders. Many of them were graduates of Cambridge University, England. Their great authority was based on character, education, and dame, natural ability. A contemporary historian said of John Cotton, who came as pastor from the liberties old to the new Boston in notre dame 1633, that whatever he delivered in the pulpit was soon put into an order of civil and civil liberties, court . or set up as a practice in writers online review the church. The sermons, from two to four hours long, took the place of magazines, newspapers, and modern musical and theatrical entertainments. The church members were accustomed to hard thinking and they enjoyed it as a mental exercise. Their minds had not been rendered flabby by rights liberties essay such a diet of miscellaneous trash or sensational matter as confronts modern readers.

Many of the congregation went with notebooks to record the different heads and writers online review, the most striking thoughts in the sermon, such, for civil rights essay instance, as the following on the dangers of idleness: The sermons were often doctrinal, metaphysical, and notre, extremely dry, but it is a mistake to conclude that the clergy did not speak on topics of civil and civil liberties, current interest. Winthrop in pastry plan his Journal for 1639 relates how the liberties Rev. John Cotton discussed whether a certain shopkeeper, who had been arraigned before the court for notre essays extortion, for having taken in some small things, above two for one, was guilty of sin and should be excommunicated from the church, or only publicly admonished. Cotton prescribed admonition and he laid down a code of ethics for the guidance of sellers. With the and civil liberties exception of Roger Williams (1604?-1683), who had the modern point of view in notre dame essays insisting on complete soul liberty, on the right of every man to think as he pleased on matters of rights essay, religion, the Puritan clergy were not tolerant of other forms of worship. They said that they came to New England in order to worship God as they pleased. They never made the master slightest pretense of establishing a commonwealth where another could worship as he pleased, because they feared that such a privilege might lead to a return of the civil rights and civil persecution from which they had fled. If those came who thought differently about religion, they were told that there was sufficient room elsewhere, in Rhode Island, for instance, whither Roger Williams went after he was banished from Salem. The history of the Puritan clergy would have been more pleasing had they been more tolerant, less narrow, more modern, like Roger Williams.

Yet perhaps it is best not to complain overmuch of the strange and somewhat repellent architecture of the song master bridge which bore us over the stream dividing the desert of rights and civil essay, royal and ecclesiastical tyranny from the Promised Land of our Republic. Let us not forget that the clergy insisted on popular education; that wherever there was a clergyman, there was almost certain to be a school, even if he had to teach it himself, and an essay, that the clergy generally spoke and acted as if they would rather be free among the civil rights and civil liberties essay dead than slaves among the living. The trend of Puritan theology and the hard conditions of pastry business, life did not encourage the production of poetry. The Puritans even wondered if singing in church was not an exercise which turned the mind from and civil essay God. The Reverend John Cotton investigated the question carefully under four main heads and six subheads, and he cited scriptural authority to notre show that Paul and Silas ( Acts , xvi., 25) had sung a Psalm in civil rights and civil the prison.

Cotton therefore concluded that the Psalms might be sung in writers online church. The divines in civil rights liberties the country joined to translate into English metre the whole book of Psalms from the original Hebrew, and they probably made the notre dame worst metrical translation in existence. In their preface to this work, known as the Bay Psalm Book (1640), the first book of verse printed in the British American colonies, they explained that they did not strive for and civil a more poetic translation because God's altar needs not our polishings. The following verses from Psalm 87 are a sample of the so-called metrical translation which the Puritans sang: This Harvard graduate and Puritan preacher published in 1662 a poem setting forth some of the tenets of Calvinistic theology. This poem, entitled The Day of Doom, or a Poetical Description of the paper on divorce Great and Last Judgment , had the largest circulation of any colonial poem. The following lines represent a throng of infants at the left hand of the final Judge, pleading against the sentence of infant damnation: Wigglesworth represents the Almighty as replying: When we read verse like this, we realize how fortunate the Puritanism of Old England was to have one great poet schooled in the love of both morality and beauty.

John Milton's poetry shows not only his sublimity and high ideals, but also his admiration for beauty, music, and art. Wigglesworth's verse is civil rights and civil essay, inferior to dame much of the ballad doggerel, but it has a swing and a directness fitted to catch the popular ear and to lodge in the memory. While some of his work seems humorous to essay us, it would not have made that impression on pythagorean homework, the early Puritans. At the same time, we must not rely on verse like this for our understanding of their outlook on life and death. Beside Wigglesworth's lines we should place the liberties essay epitaph, Reserved for a Glorious Resurrection, composed by academic online the great orthodox Puritan clergyman, Cotton Mather (p. 46), for his own infant, which died unbaptized when four days old. It is well to remember that both the rights and civil Puritans and their clergy had a quiet way of believing that God had reserved to himself the final interpretation of his own word. Colonial New England's best poet, or The Tenth Muse, as she was called by an essay on role of youth building her friends, was a daughter of the Puritan governor, Thomas Dudley, and became the wife of another Puritan governor, Simon Bradstreet, with whom she came to New England in 1630. Although she was born before the death of Shakespeare, she seems never to have studied the works of that great dramatist. Her models were what Milton called the fantastics, a school of poets who mistook for manifestations of poetic power, far-fetched and strained metaphors, oddities of and civil liberties essay, expression, remote comparisons, conceits, and strange groupings of master, thought. She had especially studied Sylvester's paraphrase of civil rights and civil liberties, The Divine Weeks and research paper, Works of the French poet Du Bartas, and probably also the works of poets like George Herbert (1593–1633), of the English fantastic school.

This paraphrase of civil rights liberties essay, Du Bartas was published in notre a folio of 1215 pages, a few years before Mrs. Rights Liberties? Bradstreet came to America. This book shows the taste which prevailed in pythagorean England in the latter part of the first third of the seventeenth century, before Milton came into the ascendancy. The fantastic comparison between the civil liberties Spirit Eternal, brooding upon chaos, and academic writers online, a hen, is shown in these lines from Du Bartas: A contemporary critic thought that he was giving her early work high praise when he called her a right Du Bartas girl. One of her early poems is The Four Elements , where Fire, Air, Earth, and Water. Such a debate could never be decided, but the subject was well suited to he fantastic school of poets because it afforded an opportunity for civil rights and civil essay much ingenuity of song master, argument and for far-fetched comparisons, which led nowhere. Late in life, in her poem, Contemplations , she wrote some genuine poetry, little marred by imitation of the fantastic school. Civil Rights? Spenser seems to have become her master in later years.

No one without genuine poetic ability could have written such lines as: These lines show both poetic ease and power: The comparative excellence of pythagorean theorem help, her work in such an atmosphere and amid the domestic cares incident to rearing eight children is remarkable. In 1647, Nathaniel Ward, who had been educated for the law, but who afterward became a clergyman, published a strange work known as The Simple Cobbler of Agawam, in America willing, as the sub-title continues, to help mend his native country, lamentably tattered, both in rights the upper leather and sole, with all the honest stitches he can take. Pastry Plan? He had been assistant pastor at Agawam (Ipswich) until ill health caused him to resign. Rights? He then busied himself in plan compiling a code of laws and in other writing before he returned to England in 1647. The following two sentences from his unique book show two points of the religious faith of the Puritans: (1) the belief in a personal devil always actively seeking the destruction of and civil essay, mankind, and (2) the assumption that the vitals of the elect are safe from the mortal sting of sin.

He is often a bitter satirist, a sort of colonial Carlyle, as this attack on woman shows: He does not hesitate to coin a word. The preceding short selection introduces us to nugiperous and nudiustertian. Next, he calls the women's tailor-made gowns the very pettitoes of infirmity, the giblets of perquisquilian toys. The spirit of a reformer always sees work to be done, and Ward emphasized three remedies for mid-seventeenth-century ills: (1) Stop toleration of departure from religious truth; (2) banish the frivolities of women and men; and (3) bring the research paper civil war in England to a just end. In proportion to the population, his Simple Cobbler , designed to mend human ways, was probably as widely read as Carlyle's Sartor Resartus in later days. In criticism, Ward deserves to be remembered for these two lines: There was born in 1652 at Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England, a boy who sailed for New England when he was nine years old, and civil and civil essay, who became our greatest colonial diarist.

This was Samuel Sewall, who graduated from Harvard in 1671 and finally became chief justice of Massachusetts. His Diary runs with some breaks from 1673 to 1729, the year before his death. Good diaries are scarce in any literature. Those who keep them seldom commit to writing many of the most interesting events and research, secrets of their lives. This failing makes the majority of diaries and memoirs very dry, but this fault cannot be found with Samuel Sewall. His Diary will more and more prove a mine of wealth to the future writers of our literature, to our dramatists, novelists, poets, as well as to our historians. The early chronicles and stories on which Shakespeare founded many of his plays were no more serviceable to him than this Diary may prove to a coming American writer with a genius like Hawthorne's. In Sewall's Diary we at civil rights once feel that we are close to life. The following entry brings us face to face with the children in a Puritan household:

Sewall was one of the plan seven judges who sentenced nineteen persons to be put to death for witchcraft at Salem. After this terrible delusion had passed, he had the manliness to rise in church before all the members, and after acknowledging the blame and shame of his decision, call for prayers that God who has an unlimited authority would pardon that sin. Sewall's Diary is best known for its faithful chronicle of his courtship of Mrs. Catharine Winthrop. Both had been married twice before, and both had grown children. He was sixty-nine and she fifty-six. No record of any other Puritan courtship so unique as this has been given to the world.

He began his formal courtship of Mrs. Liberties? Winthrop, October 1, 1720. His Diary contains records of each visit, of what they said to each other, of the Sermons, cake, and pastry business plan, gingerbread that he gave her, of the healths that he drank to her, the lump of civil rights and civil, sugar that she gave him, of how they went into the best room, and clos'd the shutters. Acute men have written essays to account for theorem homework help the aristocratic Mrs. Winthrop's refusal of Chief-Justice Sewall. Some have said that it was due to his aversion to slavery and to his refusal to allow her to keep her slaves.

This episode is only a small part of a rich storehouse. The greater part of the Diary contains only the raw materials of literature, yet some of it is real literature, and it ranks among the great diaries of the world. LIFE AND PERSONALITY. Cotton Mather, grandson of the Reverend John Cotton (p. 14), and the most distinguished of the old type of Puritan clergymen, was born in Boston and died in his native city, without ever having traveled a hundred miles from it.

He entered Harvard at the age of eleven, and took the bachelor's degree at fifteen. Rights Liberties? His life shows such an overemphasis of certain Puritan traits as almost to an essay on role building presage the coming decline of rights and civil, clerical influence. He says that at the age of only seven or eight he not only composed forms of prayer for his schoolmates, but also obliged them to research on divorce pray, although some of them cuffed him for liberties essay his pains. At fourteen he began a series of fasts to dame essays crucify the flesh, increase his holiness, and bring him nearer to God. He endeavored never to waste a minute. In his study, where he often worked sixteen hours a day, he had in large letters the sign, BE SHORT, to greet the liberties eyes of visitors.

The amount of writing which he did almost baffles belief. His published works, numbering about four hundred, include sermons, essays, and books. During all of his adult life, he also preached in the North Church of Boston. He was a religious fantastic, that is, he made far-fetched applications of song master thesis, religious truth. Civil Rights Liberties Essay? A tall man suggested to him high attainments in Christianity; washing his hands, the desirability of a clean heart. Although Cotton Mather became the most famous clergyman of master, colonial New England, he was disappointed in two of his life's ambitions. He failed to become president of Harvard and to rights liberties bring New England back in religious matters to the first halcyon days of the colony. On the contrary, he lived to see Puritan theocracy suffer a great decline. His fantastic and strained application of religious truth, his overemphasis of many things, and especially his conduct in pastry zealously aiding and abetting the Salem witchcraft murders, were no mean factors in causing that decline. His intentions were certainly good. Civil And Civil Essay? He was an apostle of altruism, and essays, he tried to civil and civil essay improve each opportunity for doing good in everyday life.

He trained his children to do acts of business, kindness for other children. His Essays to civil rights and civil liberties Do Good were a powerful influence on academic, the life of Benjamin Franklin. Cotton Mather would not have lived in vain if he had done nothing else except to civil and civil liberties help mold Franklin for the service of his country; but this is only one of Mather's achievements. We must next pass to his great work in literature. This prose epic of business plan, New England Puritanism, the civil and civil essay most famous of Mather's many works, is a large folio volume entitled Magnalia Christi Americana: or the Ecclesiastical History of New England . It was published in London in 1702, two years after Dryden's death. The book is a remarkable compound of song master thesis, whatever seemed to the author most striking in early New England history.

His point of view was of course religious. The work contains a rich store of biography of the early clergy, magistrates, and governors, of the lives of eleven of the clerical graduates of Harvard, of the faith, discipline, and government of the New England churches, of remarkable manifestations of the divine providence, and of the Way of the Lord among the churches and the Indians. We may today turn to rights liberties essay the Magnalia for vivid accounts of early New England life. Mather has a way of selecting and expressing facts in such a way as to cause them to lodge in the memory. Online Review? These two facts about John Cotton give us a vivid impression of the influence of the early clergy: We read that the daily vocation of Thomas Shepard, the first pastor at rights and civil essay Cambridge, Massachusetts, was, to quote Mather's noble phrase, A Trembling Walk with God.

He speaks of the writers online review choleric disposition of Thomas Hooker, the great Hartford clergyman, and says it was useful unto him, because he had ordinarily as much government of his choler as a man has of a mastiff dog in liberties a chain; he 'could let out his dog, and pull in his dog, as he pleased.' Some of Mather's prose causes modern readers to wonder if he was not a humorist. Pythagorean? He says that a fire in the college buildings in rights and civil liberties essay some mysterious way influenced the President of pastry, Harvard to shorten one of his long prayers, and gravely adds, that if the devotions had held three minutes longer, the Colledge had been irrecoverably laid in ashes. Rights And Civil? One does not feel sure that Mather saw the humor in this demonstration of practical religion. It is also doubtful whether he is intentionally humorous in his most fantastic prose, such, for instance, as his likening the Reverend Mr. Partridge to academic writers online review the bird of that name, who, because he had no defence neither of civil rights and civil liberties, beak nor claw, took a flight over the ocean to escape his ecclesiastical hunters, and finally took wing to become a bird of paradise, along with the winged seraphim of heaven. Such fantastic conceits, which for a period blighted the notre dame essays literature of the civil rights and civil liberties leading European nations, had their last great exponent in Cotton Mather. Minor writers still indulge in these conceits, and find willing readers among the uneducated, the tired, and those who are bored when they are required to do more than skim the surface of things. John Seccomb, a Harvard graduate of 1728, the year in which Mather died, then gained fame from such lines as: but the best prose and poetry have for a long time won their readers for other qualities. Even the on role of youth taste of the next generation showed a change, for Cotton Mather's son, Samuel, noted as a blemish his father's straining for far-fetched and dear-bought hints. Cotton Mather's most repellent habit to modern readers is his overloading his pages with quotations in foreign languages, especially in Latin.

He thus makes a pedantic display of his wide reading. He is not always accurate in and civil liberties his presentation of historical or biographical matter, but in spite of all that can be said against the Magnalia , it is a vigorous presentation of much that we should not willingly let die. Of Youth In Nation? In fact, when we read the early history of rights and civil liberties, New England, we are frequently getting from the Magnalia many things in changed form without ever suspecting the source. LIFE AND WRITINGS. Jonathan Edwards, who ranks among the world's greatest theologians and metaphysicians, was born in 1703 in East Windsor, Connecticut.

Like Cotton Mather, Edwards was precocious, entering Yale before he was thirteen. The year previous to his going to college, he wrote a paper on spiders, showing careful scientific observation and argument. This paper has been called one of the rarest specimens of precocious scientific genius on record. At fourteen, he read Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding , receiving from it, he says, higher pleasure than the academic writers most greedy miser finds when gathering up handfuls of silver and gold from some newly discovered treasure. Rights Liberties Essay? Before he was seventeen, he had graduated from Yale, and he had become a tutor there before he was twenty-one. Like Dante, he had a Beatrice. Thinking of her, he wrote this prose hymn of a maiden's love for the Divine Power:

Jonathan Edwards thus places before us Sarah Pierrepont, a New England Puritan maiden. To note the similarity of pythagorean theorem homework, thought between the Old Puritan England and the New, let us turn to the maiden in Milton's Comus: Unlike Dante, Edwards married his Beatrice at the age of seventeen. In 1727, the year of his marriage, he became pastor of the church in Northampton, Massachusetts. With the aid of his wife, he inaugurated the greatest religious revival of the century, known as the civil rights liberties Great Awakening, which spread to other colonial churches, crossed the ocean, and stimulated Wesley to call sinners to repentance. Early in life, Edwards formed a series of paper, resolutions, three of which are:

To live with all my might, while I do live. Never to do anything, which, if I should see in another, I should count a just occasion to despise him for, or to think any way the more meanly of him. Never, henceforward, till I die, to act as if I were any way my own, but entirely and altogether God's. He earnestly tried to keep these resolutions until the end. After a successful pastorate of and civil liberties essay, twenty-three years at Northampton, the church dismissed him for no fault of his own. Like Dante, he was driven into notre exile, and he went from Northampton to the frontier town of Stockbridge, where he remained for seven years as a missionary to the Indians. Civil And Civil Liberties? His wife and daughters did their utmost to add to the family income, and some contributions were sent him from Scotland, but he was so poor that he wrote his books on the backs of letters and on the blank margins cut from newspapers. His fame was not swallowed up in the wilderness. Princeton College called him to its presidency in 1757. He died in that office in 1758, after less than three months' service in his new position. His wife was still in Stockbridge when he passed away.

Tell her, he said to his daughter, that the pythagorean help uncommon union which has so long subsisted between us has been of such a nature as I trust is spiritual, and therefore will continue forever. In September of the same year she came to lie beside him in the graveyard at Princeton. In 1900, the church that had dismissed him one hundred and fifty years before placed on and civil liberties, its walls a bronze tablet in his memory, with the noble inscription from Malachi ii, 6. As a writer, Jonathan Edwards won fame in three fields. He is (1) America's greatest metaphysician, (2) her greatest theologian, and (3) a unique poetic interpreter of the universe as a manifestation of the song master thesis divine love. His best known metaphysical work is The Freedom of the Will (1754).

The central point of civil rights liberties essay, this work is that the will is determined by the strongest motive, that it is song master thesis, repugnant to reason that one act of the will should come into existence without a cause. He boldly says that God is rights liberties essay, free to do only an essay building, what is right. Edwards emphasizes the and civil liberties higher freedom, gained through repeated acts of the right kind, until both the pythagorean help inclination and the power to liberties essay do wrong disappear. As a theologian, America has not yet produced his superior. On Role? His Treatise concerning the Religious Affections , his account of the Great Awakening, called Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God , and Thoughts on the Revival , as well as his more distinctly technical theological works, show his ability in this field.

Unfortunately, he did not rise superior to the Puritan custom of preaching about hellfire. He delivered on that subject a sermon which causes modern readers to rights liberties essay shudder; but this, although the most often quoted, is the least typical of the man and his writings. Those in homework search of really typical statements of his theology will find them in such specimens as, God and real existence is the same. God is and there is nothing else. He was a theological idealist, believing that all the varied phenomena of the universe are constantly proceeding from God, as light from the sun. Such statements suggest Shelley's lines, which tell how. Dr. Allen, Edwards's biographer and critic, and a careful student of his unpublished, as well as of his published, writings, says, He was at his best and greatest, most original and creative, when he described the divine love. Such passages as the following show this quality:

His favorite text was, I am the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys, and his favorite words were sweet and bright. The great English writers between the rights colonization of Jamestown in 1607 and the outbreak of the writers review French and Indian War in civil liberties essay 1754 are John Milton, John Bunyan, John Dryden, Alexander Pope, Richard Steele and Joseph Addison, Jonathan Swift, Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, and Henry Fielding. The colonial literature of this period was influenced only in a very minor degree by the work of academic, these men, for a generation usually passed before the influence of contemporary English authors appeared in American literature. In the next section, we shall see evidences of the influence of Pope. Benjamin Franklin will tell us how Bunyan and Addison were his teachers, and and civil, the early fiction will show its indebtedness to song master thesis the work of Samuel Richardson.

Virginia and Massachusetts produced the bulk of and civil liberties essay, American colonial literature. Master Thesis? There were, however, thirteen colonies stretched along the seaboard from Georgia (1733), the last to be founded, to civil rights and civil liberties essay Canada. Although these colonies were established under different grants or charters, and although some had more liberty and suffered less from the master thesis interference of England than others, it is nevertheless true that every colony was a school for a self-governing democracy. No colonies elsewhere in the world had the same amount of liberty. We must not suppose that there was complete liberty in those days. The early government of Virginia was largely aristocratic; that of Massachusetts, theocratic. Virginia persecuted the Puritans. The early settlers of Massachusetts drove out civil and civil liberties Roger Williams and hanged Quakers. New York persecuted those who did not join the Church of England. However, it is still nevertheless true that these thirteen colonies were making the writers review greatest of all world experiments in democracy and liberty.

The important colony of New Netherland (New York) was settled by the Dutch early in the seventeenth century. They established an aristocracy with great landed estates along the Hudson. The student of civil and civil liberties essay, literature is dame, specially interested in this colony because Washington Irving has invested it with a halo of romance. He shows us the sturdy Knickerbockers, the Van Cortlands, the and civil Van Dycks, the Van Wycks, and other chivalrous Dutch burghers, sitting in perfect silence, puffing their pipes, and thinking of nothing for hours together in those days of simplicity and on role of youth building, sunshine. For literary reasons it is well that this was not made an English colony until the civil and civil Duke of academic writers online review, York took possession of it in 1664. At the civil essay beginning of the eighteenth century, the colonists in the middle and northern part of the thesis country divided their energies almost equally between trade and agriculture. Civil And Civil? At the South, agriculture was the chief occupation and tobacco and rice were the two leading staples. These were produced principally by the labor of negro slaves. Academic Review? There were also many indentured servants at civil rights liberties essay the South, where the theorem dividing lines between the civil rights and civil liberties different classes were most strongly marked. Up to 1700 the history of each colony is practically that of a separate unit. Almost all the colonies had trouble with Indians and royal governors.

Pirates, rapacious politicians, religious matters, or witchcraft were sometimes sources of disturbance. All knew the hard labor and academic online, the privations involved in subduing the wilderness and making permanent settlements in a new land. And Civil Liberties Essay? History tells of the abandonment of many other colonies and online, of the subjugation of many other races, but no difficulty and no foe daunted this Anglo-Saxon stock. In 1700 the population of New England was estimated at about one hundred and ten thousand. In 1754, the beginning of the French and Indian War, Connecticut alone had that number, while all New England probably had at this time nearly four hundred thousand. The middle colonies began the eighteenth century with about fifty-nine thousand and grew by the middle of the century to about three hundred and rights and civil liberties, fifty-five thousand.

During the same period, the southern group increased from thesis about ninety thousand to six hundred thousand. Rights Liberties? By 1750 the thirteen colonies probably had a total population of nearly fourteen hundred thousand. Since no census was taken until 1790, these figures are only approximately correct. Such development serves to notre show the trend of civil liberties, coming events. This remarkable increase in population soon caused numbers to go farther west. This movement resulted in collision with the French, who were at business plan this time holding the central part of the country, from the Gulf into Canada. One other result followed.

The colonies began to seem valuable to England because they furnished a market for English manufactures and a carrying trade for English ships. The previous comparative insignificance of the colonies and the trouble in England had served to protect them, but their trade had now assumed a proportion that made the mother country realize what a valuable commercial asset she would have if she regulated the colonies in her own interest. In this section we have traced the history of American colonial literature from the foundation of the Jamestown Colony until 1754. Before 1607 Chaucer, Spenser, and Shakespeare had written, and before 1620 the King James version of the Bible had been produced. England had, therefore, a wonderful literature before her colonies came to America. They were the heirs of and civil, all that the English race had previously accomplished; and they brought to these shores an Elizabethan initiative, ingenuity, and democratic spirit.

The Virginia colony was founded, as colonies usually are, for master a commercial reason. The Virginians and the other southern colonists lived more by agriculture, were more widely scattered, had fewer schools, more slaves, and less town life than the New Englanders. Under the influence of a commanding clergy, common schools, and the stimulus of civil, town life, the New England colony produced more literature. The chief early writers of Virginia are: (1) Captain John Smith, who described the country and on role of youth, the Indians, and gave to literature the story of Pocahontas, thereby disclosing a new world to the imagination of civil liberties essay, writers; (2) William Strachey, who outranks contemporary colonial writers in describing the wrath of the sea, and pastry business, who may even have furnished a suggestion to Shakespeare for The Tempest ; (3) two poets, (a) George Sandys, who translated part of Ovid, and (b) the unknown author of the civil rights essay elegy on Nathaniel Bacon; and (4) Robert Beverly and William Byrd, who gave interesting descriptions of early Virginia. The chief colonial writers of New England are: (1) William Bradford, whose History of Plymouth Plantation tells the pastry business story of the first Pilgrim colony; (2) John Winthrop, who wrote in his Journal the early history of the civil essay Massachusetts Bay Colony; (3) the poets, including (a) the on role building translators of the civil liberties Bay Psalm Book , the first volume of so-called verse printed in the British American colonies, (b) Wigglesworth, whose Day of Doom , was a poetic exposition of academic online review, Calvinistic theology, (c) Anne Bradstreet, who wrote a small amount of genuine poetry, after she had passed from the rights liberties influence of the fantastic school of poets; (4) Nathaniel Ward, the author of pythagorean theorem help, The Simple Cobbler of Agawam , an attempt to mend human ways; (5) Samuel Sewall, New England's greatest colonial diarist; (6) Cotton Mather, the most famous clerical writer, whose Magnalia is a compound of and civil essay, early colonial history and biography, sometimes written in a fantastic style; (7) Jonathan Edwards, America's greatest metaphysician and theologian, who maintained that the action of the pythagorean theorem homework help human will is determined by the strongest motive, that the substance of this universe is nothing but the divine Idea, communicated to human consciousness, and who could invest spiritual truth with the beauty of the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys. The New England colonist came to America because of religious feeling. His religion was to him a matter of eternal life or eternal death. From the modern point of view, this religion may seem too inflexibly stern, too little illumined by the spirit of love, too much darkened by the shadow of eternal punishment, but unless that religion had communicated something of civil rights and civil essay, its own dominating inflexibility to the colonist, he would never have braved the ocean, the wilderness, the Indians; he would never have flung the gauntlet down to tyranny at Lexington and Concord.

The greatest lesson taught by colonial literature, by men like Bradford, Winthrop, Edwards, and the New England clergy in general, is moral heroism, the determination to follow the an essay on role in nation shining path of the Eternal over the wave and through the forest to a new temple of human liberty. Their aspiration, endeavor, suffering, accomplishment, should strengthen our faith in the worth of those spiritual realities which are not quoted in civil and civil liberties the markets of the world, but which alone possess imperishable value. In either Gardiner's Students' History of England , Walker's Essentials in English History , Andrews's History of England , or Cheney's Short History of England , read the chapters dealing with the time of Elizabeth, James I, Charles I, the Commonwealth, Charles II, James II, William and Mary, Anne, George I and II. A work like Halleck's History of English Literature covering these periods, should be read. Read the account from the earliest times to the outbreak of the French and Indian War in any of the following: Thwaites's The Colonists , 1492-1750. Fisher's Colonial Era . Lodge's A Short History of the English Colonies in America . Paper? Doyle's The English in America . Rights Liberties? Hart's Essentials in paper American History . Channing's A Students' History of the United States . Eggleston's A Larger History of the United States of America . James and Sanford's American History . For an account of special colonies, consult the civil and civil liberties essay volumes in American Commonwealths series, and also, Fiske's Beginnings of New England , The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America , Old Virginia and Her Neighbors . Tyler's A History of American Literature during the Colonial Time , 2 vols. Otis's American Verse , 1625-1807. Richardson's American Literature , 2 vols.

Trent's A History of notre essays, American Literature , 1607-1865. Wendell's History of Literature in America'_. Narratives of Early Virginia , edited by Tyler. Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation . New edition, edited by rights liberties essay Davis. (Scribner, 1908.) Winthrop's Journal (History of New England). New edition, edited by Hosmer, 2 vols., (Scribner, 1908.) Chamberlain's Samuel Sewall and the World He Lived in . Lodge's A Puritan Pepys (Sewall) in Studies in song thesis History . Campbell's Anne Bradstreet and her Time . Twichell's John Winthrop . Walker's Thomas Hooker . Wendell's Life of civil rights, Cotton Mather . Allen's Life of Jonathan Edwards . Gardiner's Jonathan Edwards, a Retrospect . The following volumes of selections from American Literature will be referred to either by an essay on role building the last name of the author, or, if there are more authors than one, by the initials of the rights liberties last names: Cairns's Selections from Early American Writers , 1607-1800. (Macmillan.) Trent and Wells's Colonial Prose and Poetry , 3 vols., 1607-1775. (Crowell.) Stedman and Hutchinson's A Library of pastry business plan, American Literature , 1608–1890, 11 vols. (Benjamin.) Carpenter's American Prose Selections . (Macmillan.) Trent's Southern Writers: Selections in Prose and Verse . (Macmillan.) JOHN SMITH The Beginnings of Jamestown (from A True Relation of Virginia , 1608); The Religious Observances of the Indians (from A Map of Virginia , published in rights liberties essay 1612), Cairns, pp. 2–4, 10-14; The Romance of pythagorean help, Pocahontas (from The General History of Virginia , 1624), S. H., Vol.

I., pp. 10–17; T. Civil? W., Vol. I., pp. 12–22. WILLIAM STRACHEY Read the selection from writers online A True Repertory of the Wrack and civil rights liberties essay, Redemption of writers, Sir Thomas Gates , in Cairns, 19-26.

POETRY IN THE VIRGINIA COLONY. For George Sandys, see pp. 51–58 in Vol. I. of Tyler's A History of American Literature during the Colonial Time . For the elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacon, see Tyler, Vol. I., 78, 79; Cairns, 185-188; T. W., II., 166-169; S. Liberties? H., I., 456-458; Trent, 12-14. DESCRIPTIONS OF VIRGINIA The best selection from Beverly's History and Present State of Virginia may be found in T. W., II., 354-360. See also Trent, 16-18; S. Essays? H., II., 270-272. For selections from Byrd's History of the Dividing Line , see Cairns, passim , 259-272; Trent, 19-22; T. W., III., 23-32; S. H., II., 302-305. WILLIAM BRADFORD The Voyage of the and civil essay Mayflower, Cairns, 31-35; Early Difficulties of the Pilgrim Fathers, T. W., I., 42-45; The Communal System Abandoned, T. W., I., 46-49; The Landing of the Pilgrims and their Settlement at Plymouth, S. H., L, 124-130.

JOHN WINTHROP Twenty-five entries from pastry his Journal or History of New England are given in Cairns, 44-48, and fourteen in T. W., I., 99-105. His famous speech on Liberty may be found in T. W., I., 106-116; in S. H., I., 302-303; and in civil liberties Cairns, 50-53. EARLY NEW ENGLAND VERSE The selection given earlier from the Bay Psalm Book is sufficient. For Wigglesworth's Day of Doom , see Cairns, 166-177; T. W., II., 54-60; S. Dame? H., passim , II., 3-16. Anne Bradstreet's best poem, Contemplations , may be found in Cairns, 154-162; T. W., I., 280-283; S. Rights And Civil Liberties Essay? H., I., 314, 315.

WARD'S SIMPLE COBBLER OF AGAWAM His view of religious toleration is on role, given in Cairns, 113-118, and T. W., I., 253-259. For the satiric essay on women's fashions, see Cairns, 119-124; T. W., I., 260-266; S. H. I., 276-280. SAMUEL SEWALL Cairns, 240-243, gives from the Diary the events of a month. Notes on the Witchcraft Persecution and his prayer of repentance for the blame and rights and civil liberties, shame of it may be found in T. W., II., 294-296. Song Master? The record of his courtship of Madam Winthrop is given in civil liberties Cairns, 245-249; T. W., III., 304-319; and S. H., II., 192-200. For his early anti-slavery tract, see T. Business? W., II., 320-326; S. H., II., 189-192. COTTON MATHER His fantastic life of Mr. Ralph Partridge from the Magnalia is given in Cairns, 228, 229. The interesting story of the New England argonaut, Sir William Phips, may be found in civil essay T. W., II., 257-266, and in S. H., II., 143-149. One of his best biographies is that of Thomas Hooker, S. H., II., 149-156. JONATHAN EDWARDS For a specimen of an almost poetic exposition of the divine love, read the selection in of youth in nation building Cairns, 280, 281; T. Civil? W., III., 148, 149; S. Pythagorean Theorem Homework Help? H., II., 374; and Carpenter, 16, 17, beginning, I am the and civil Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys.

Selections from his Freedom of the business plan Will are given in Cairns. 291-294; T. W., III., 185-187; and S. H., II., 404-407 (the best). 1. Is Captain John Smith more remarkable for chronicling what passed before his senses or for explaining what he saw? How does his account of the Indians compare with modern understanding? Is Smith apparently a novice, or somewhat skilled in writing prose? Does he seem to you to rights and civil liberties essay be a romancer or a narrator of a plain unvarnished tale? 2. Compare Strachey's storm at sea with Act I of Shakespeare's Tempest . Pastry Plan? In what part of this Act and under what circumstances does he mention the still-vex'd Bermoothes? 3. Compare the civil essay ability of the three great early colonizers, Smith, Bradford, and Winthrop, in writing narrative prose. Smith's story of Pocahontas is business, easily accessible. Those who can find the complete works of civil, Bradford and Winthrop may select from Bradford for comparison his story of Squanto, the Pilgrims' tame Indian. Song Master? Winthrop's Journal contains many specimens of brief narrative, such as the story of the voyage across the Atlantic from rights and civil essay March 29 to June 14, 1630; of Winthrop's losing himself in the wood, October 11, 1631; of shipwreck on the Isle of Shoals, August 16, 1635; of an an essay on role in nation indentured servant, March 8, 1636; of an adventure with Indians, July 20–30, August 24, and October 8, 1636.

Those without opportunity to consult the civil and civil essay works of Bradford and Winthrop will find in the books of selections sufficient material for comparison. 4. Is brevity or prolixity a quality of these early narrators? Was English prose written before 1640 superior to the work of these three men? What advance in prose narrative do you find in pythagorean theorem homework Beverly and Byrd? 5. What characteristic of a famous English prose writer of the nineteenth century is noticeable in Ward's essay on civil rights and civil liberties, fashions? 6. On Role In Nation Building? Why could fine poetry not be reasonably expected in early Virginia and New England? What are some of the civil rights liberties Calvinistic tenets expounded in Wigglesworth's Day of Doom ? Choose the best two short selections of colonial poetry. 7. What are some of the qualifications of a good diarist? Which of pythagorean, these do you find in the Diary of rights and civil, Samuel Sewall? 8. Online? Point out some of the fantastic prose expressions of civil rights liberties essay, Cotton Mather. Research Paper On Divorce? Compare his narrative of Captain Phips with the work of Smith, Bradford, and Winthrop, on the one hand, and of Beverly and Byrd, on the other.

9. Compare the theology in Edwards's Rose of Sharon selection with that in civil rights and civil liberties Wigglesworth's Day of Doom . Why may this selection from Edwards be called a poetic exposition of the divine love? What is his view of the freedom of the notre essays will?

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