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Malthus' Essay on the Principle of Population - EOLSS
attention step essay The following outline is intended as to provide one example of how to write an essay. Treat it as food for thought, as providing a set of suggestions some of which you might incorporate into essay principle population, your own method for writing essays. It is useful to begin by considering why essay-writing has long been the method of choice for research ethics assessment in history. The chief reason is that no other method provides as effective a means of testing a student's comprehension of a topic. We want you to show us that not only have you acquired a knowledge of the topic but also that you fully understand the topic and the issues raised by principle, it. Essays test understanding by asking you to select and essays et decorum, re-organise relevant material in order to essay principle produce your own answer to the set question. An undergraduate essay need not be particularly innovative in its approach and insights, but it must be the product of the sythesis of drugs, student's own dialogue with the subject. Essays which do not answer the question can only be regarded as demonstrating some knowledge of the essay population, topic, they cannot be said to essays est by show understanding of the topic. Essays which plagiarise or merely reproduce what others have said do not even show knowledge of the topic. Principle Population. Plagiarism is thus not merely a matter of theft, it involves an bolding, entirely unacceptable subversion of the learning process. 2. Is there a right and a wrong answer?
History essays are less about finding the correct answer to the set question than they are about demonstrating that you understand the essay principle population, issues which it raises (and the texts which discuss these issues). With most historical problems (certainly the most interesting ones) it is seldom possible to arrive at a definitive answer. The evidence almost always permits a variety of solutions, and different approaches generate divergent conclusions. There are, however, limits to the field of possible solutions, since they must fit in with 'the evidence'. Of course, exactly what constitutes 'the evidence' is almost invariably one of the issues under discussion among the historians who are most deeply engaged with the and research paper, problem, but in general for each historical question there will be a body of evidence which is recognised as being relevant to it. This body of evidence will typically comprise what the primary sources tell us about the events and phenomena under discussion. A good answer will need to harmonise with all of essay population this evidence, or explain why particular items have been dismissed as having no bearing on the problem. It follows from all of between manuscript and research this that there certainly are wrong answers that is, answers which fall outside the field of possible solutions or which fail to take account of received evidence even though there is no 'absolutely right' answer. Essential steps: select a question; identify the subject of the question; what are you being asked to do - that is, what kind of essay principle information will you need to research applied answer the question, and how will you have to treat it?
Circling the key words in principle the question is sometimes a helpful first step in working out exactly what you need to do. It is useful to note that there is usually a natural way of structuring your answer: that is, a way of organising an answer which follows naturally from the format of the question and which will put the fewest obstacles in ethics the way of the reader: 'Explain' and 'why' questions demand a list of reasons or one big reason; each reason will have to be explained - that is, clarified, expounded, and illustrated. 'Assess', 'evaluate' and essay, 'define-the-significance-of' questions require judgements supported by reasons, explanation and bolding, evidence. You must show why your assessment is the best by principle population, considering its merits vis--vis alternative evaluations. It might be useful to research paper applied define and defend the criteria on which your judgement depends. Population. That is, to explain why they are the best criteria for judging the historical phenomenon at issue. 'What-role-did-X-play-in-Y' questions imply a functionalist approach - that is, they require that you identify the function of some phenomenon, group or institution within some specific system. Thus, the subject of the question is the 'Y' rather than the 'X' element.
That is, the question requires a discussion of the system as a whole and the consideration of alternative explanations of how 'X' worked within it. 'To-what-extent' questions involve a judgement of measure. One way of answering the question would be set up a series of 'tests', as it were, that can be investigated in turn. Applied. This essay will examine five spheres which cast light on the extent of Jewish influence in high medieval France: namely, their role in the commercial life of the towns, the role of Jewish banking in the agrarian economy, their influence on Christian intellectual life, .. [and so on]. The essay would need a conclusion in which you pulled together the essay principle population, results of your test cases: It has been seen that the thesis, Jews exerted a profound influence on the intellectual life of the principle population, universities but almost none on that of the on dulce et decorum wilfred, established monastic orders.. 'Quote-and-discuss' questions require you to identify the principle, issue at stake and to produce a reasoned response. You may respond, for example, by agreeing with the essay spam, quotation in which case you will need to explain why agreement is the best response, why it would be wrong to disagree. You should consider the merits of a variety of responses. If possible you should always examine the book or article from which the quotation has been taken in order to discover what its author meant by it, to discover how the author has understood the issues. Essay Principle Population. 'Compare-and-contrast' questions demand the identification of similarities and differences. One method of tackling such an essay would be to distinguish five or six areas of similarity and contrast, and to and research paper devote a section of the essay to each area - a section in which you would assess the degree of similarity and reach a sub-conclusion. The conclusion would then require a summation of the various 'sub-conclusions'. It needs to be stressed that none of these types of question calls for a narrative approach . You will never be asked to produce a narrative of what happened.
In rare circumstances, a few sentences of essay population narrative may form part of the evidence cited in support of essays et decorum wilfred a point, but the essay as a whole should be organised according to a logical structure in which each paragraph functions as a premise in the argument. The analytical and expository voice will always prove more effective than the narrative mode of writing. The aim of your initial reading should be to identify an principle population, argument which answers the question - one which you find plausible and can carry through with conviction. For this purpose, it will be useful to read at least two or three items, including a recent book covering the difference between manuscript and research, general area in which the topic falls. Articles in essay principle population reference books such as an encyclopaedia can provide an research ethics, overview, but they rarely provide adequate coverage of the issues. Principle. Citing such works will undermine the credibility of your essay. Of The Thesis. Do not forget to make notes as you go.
Making notes helps you to summarise arguments and principle population, ideas, to select points relevant to between manuscript and research paper your essay, to clarify and essay population, adjust your understanding of the essay question and of the topic it bears upon. But your main priority should be to discover an argument. Once you have come up with a working argument, you need to draw up a plan to about spam guide the essay, next stage of your research. It should comprise a list of the points which each paragraph will attempt to demonstrate, and rough notes on supporting examples. It may be useful to begin by thinking again what type of question you have chosen and by looking the natural way of answering it.
In order to draw up a plan you will need to evaluate its merits: What points will I need to difference paper make in order to sustain this argument? Are there alternative points of view which will have to be considered and refuted in principle order to make this argument work? Do I have enough examples and evidence to of drugs support the points which are crucial to my argument? Do I need to principle population know more about the examples I'm planning to use? Perhaps there is another way of looking at this piece of evidence which I'll have to mention or even refute? Having decided on the line of paper ethics argument you intend to use, and identified areas where you need more material, search the reading list and bibliographies of the population, texts you've been using for books and articles which will help you to solve these problems. Go and collect the information, making notes and adding notes to motivation your plan as you go along. Do not forget to make careful bibliographical notes for every book and article you consult.
You will need this information when it comes to footnoting your essay. Inevitably, the previous stage will turn up things you hadn't thought of and books with better things to essay say about the topic. Do not panic. Ask yourself: can your argument be saved with a few adjustments? Does the argument need to be re-constructed from scratch? If so, how can I recycle the information I've already begun to on resume collect? Much will depend upon how confident you now feel about principle population, your argument. Follow your instincts: if the argument feels wrong, look for a better one. It is better to start again than to write an essay that lacks conviction. Essays Et Decorum Est By Wilfred. If complete reconstruction is unavoidable, go back to '5.
Drawing up a Plan'. Having revised you argument (and plan), it's time to write your essay. If you've carried out steps one to five properly, it should be possible to write the first draft up in population two or three hours. (a) Writing an Introduction. An introduction should show how you intend to answer the question, by (1) indicating the line of argument you intend to take, by (2) giving an overview of the organisation of what follows, and by (3) indicating the sort of essay material or evidence you will be using. It is an effective strategy, especially when writing a short essay, to principle population begin with a bold, attention-grabbing, first sentence which shows the essay about, marker that you know what you are doing: that is, answer the question as briefly as possible with your first sentence. The second sentence should then enlarge upon the argument indicated by the first. (b) The body of the essay.
Intelligent use of principle population paragraphing is crucial to the success of an essay. About Spam. Often, it is best to essay organise the paragraphs so that each makes and defends a point or premise essential the argument of the essay. (By 'premise' is meant a point which is part of and essential to the argument of the essay.) It must be entirely clear how your points fit into the argument: essays which meander around the topic leaving the marker to join the dots to comprise an answer are not acceptable, since they fail to demonstrate understanding. It is a good idea to use 'topic sentences' to thesis signal the subject and essay principle, make explicit the point of each paragraph. These ought not to bolding be too repetitive in principle form but should show how the paragraph fits into the argument of the essay as a whole. The following topic sentences (here marked in red for clarity) would, for example, be appropriate as a way of introducing paragraphs that comprised a series of 'tests' in a 'to-what-extent' essay that called for an assessment of the effects of the Black Death on the development of medieval Europe. It is also possible to assess the extent of the of the, catastrophe by looking at the level of demand for essay land in the major urban centres. In Genoa, for example, land prices fell sharply from a high in 1310 of. [several sentences of examples] . Of Drugs. The dramatic fall in the prices of land within urban centres implies an equally sharp fall in essay principle population the numbers of people wanting to live in cities and, thus also, a sudden decline in the actual number of paper people living there. Notice how the point briefly introduced in the topic sentence is developed naturally by the second sentence of the paragraph.
It is better to avoid trying the explain everything in a single sentence: clusters of sentences that flow from one to another are much more effective! Signposting your evidence will give the essay that all important sense of critical depth and originality: Seapower was a crucial to European expansion. Essay Population. This much is illustrated by the way in which Europe expanded between the tenth and sixteenth centuries. Southwards and eastwards expansion in the eastern Mediterranean was heavily dependent upon the availability of effective fleets of warships and trading vessels.
There were critical moments, such as in the late eleventh-century conquests of Sicily and Sardinia, when. [and so on.] You need to give the marker a sense of where your opinions end and of where the supporting evidence begins. But remember to sythesis of drugs vary your signposts: using the same phrase over and over again will distract and bore the reader. If the supporting evidence is not a well-known and irrefutable fact, it will probably need to population be given the additional support of a footnote indicating where you have obtained your information or which historian's interpretation of the bolding, piece of evidence being deployed you have chosen to follow. It will sometimes be useful to quote other authors, especially primary sources, but do not overdo it. It is often better to put things in your own words while still clearly signalling the essay, source of the idea and bolding, using a footnote (e.g. 'According to Mayer the first crusade.'), since this helps to show that you have understood what was being said - providing that you have indeed grasped what was being said! (c) The Conclusion.
All essays need a carefully thought out essay population, conclusion which follows logically from the points made and affirmed in essays et decorum the course of your essay. It need not rehearse the principle population, points you have rejected. Always check to see that the conclusion you have drawn is the bolding on resume, one which follows logically from the points and evidence you have assembled. (d) Footnoting. Opinions differ over whether to footnote after completing the first draft or as you write. Sometimes, it is best to essay principle population go back and footnote the essay after you have finished, because inserting footnotes can disturb the flow of your writing.
On the other hand, it is useful to consider what will need to be footnoted as you write, since footnotes are part of the rhetorical apparatus of a formal essay and give weight and power to between manuscript paper an argument. For the same reason, it is best to essay put the on resume, notes at the bottom of the page rather than at principle, the end of the essay. It looks more impressive (especially if you cite well and widely), and saves the marker flicking back and forth. The markers, it should be noted, are under instructions to check footnotes. (e) Once you have finished you should compile your bibliography . (f) Now save your essay, print out essay about spam, a text, put it aside for a couple of days, and work on something else. Inevitably, when you come to re-read your essay, you will always think of better ways of putting things.
You may even think of supporting evidence you could add to the text, but make sure that any additions do not spoil the flow. You may find that some of your points are irrelevant: this material should be disregarded. You should also ask yourself whether the links between the essay principle, paragraphs are clear and bolding on resume, logical? Perhaps the essay would be more effective if they were put in a different order? If the essay has been written on population a word processor it should be easy enough to achieve this by difference between manuscript and research paper, cutting and pasting paragraphs. Your essay should have a clear and consistent structure throughout, so that one paragraph follows another logically and carries the argument forward. You will need to edit: for grammar, spelling and punctuation; to remove unnecessary verbiage, colloquialisms and jargon; to ensure that the footnotes and bibliography conform with the required style sheet; and for the coherence and quality of your writing. You should always check the printed text of your essay before submitting it.
The eye tends to overlook errors on the screen, and spell checkers almost invariably allow a significant number of mistakes to slip through. 'Their' and 'there', for example, will both be accepted as correct by a word processor regardless of which one you should actually have used in a given context. The ability to write good essays does not come to many people easily. Essay Principle Population. It is a skill which requires constant attention and practice. It is, however, a skill which will serve you well no matter what you choose to do when you leave university. Effective communication is a key to success in many walks of life.
There is, therefore, every incentive to apply yourself to the development of bolding this art. Credits: This guide was devised and developed by Paul Antony Hayward (2000-2007).
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Malthus: An Essay on the Principle of Population
Should Parenting Require a License? Periodically someone comments here that perhaps parenting should require a license, just as it is essay population, a requirement for about, driving a car or, in some places, owning a dog. A trio of stories in the news this week make that look like a very good idea. First comes word out of Butler County, Kan., of Adam Herrman, an population 11-year-old boy who disappeared. His adoptive parents failed to report him missing. For nearly 10 years. An anonymous call to the Exploited and sythesis Missing Children’s Unit in a neighboring county during the last days of last year brought his disappearance to light, and population authorities have spent the past week searching the home of Doug and Valerie Herrman, who adopted the boy when he was 2, as well as the mobile-home park where they used to live.
Adam ran away in 1999, the Herrmans say, after they had punished him by research paper applied ethics spanking him with a belt. They feared that if they reported him missing, and essay principle population told authorities about the est by wilfred owen belt, their two younger children would be taken from essay population, them. That was also why they continued to accept $700 a month from the state for his care, they told the Wichita Eagle newspaper, and why they listed him as a dependent on their taxes all these years. The couple denied charges of abuse, saying that the only reason Adam was locked in the bathroom every night with a pillow and blanket was because they feared he would stab them while they slept. The county sheriff says the Herrmans are “persons of essays on dulce et decorum est by wilfred, interest” in the investigation, but they can’t be charged until investigators unravel what to essay, charge them with. At the moment no one knows if Adam is alive or dead, and difference between paper there are many questions about how an 11-year-old can simply disappear without anyone noticing. Also this week, a 6-year-old in essay principle, Wicomico, Va., who had missed his bus, climbed into paper applied ethics his family’s 2005 Ford Taurus and essay tried to drive himself to et decorum wilfred owen, school while his mother was home asleep. He made at essay, least two 90-degree turns, passed several cars and ran off the rural two-lane road several times before hitting an embankment and utility pole about of drugs, a mile and principle population a half from school. The boy told police he learned to drive playing Grand Theft Auto and essay about spam Monster Jam video games.
“He was very intent on getting to school,” said Northumberland County Sheriff Chuck Wilkins. “When he got out essay population of the car, he started walking to school. He did not want to thesis, miss breakfast and P.E.” The child was taken to the hospital to essay, be checked for what turned out to be only minor cuts and bruises, and officers returned him to school in time for lunch. Essays On Dulce Est By Owen? His parents have been charged with child endangerment, and he and principle his 4-year-old brother have been placed in protective custody. Grand Theft Auto, for the record, is between manuscript, rated M, for mature players. (To quote the box, it contains: realistic violence, intense violence, blood, strong language and sexual content.) And finally, this from Tuesday’s Middletown Journal, in Middletown, Ohio. The day after New Year’s, a family of four — parents and their two young children — entered the local Dollar General Store. As they left an employee noticed that the mother’s purse seemed “noticeably larger than it had been minutes earlier.” When the employee asked to search the bag the woman ran, dumping stolen contents as she fled.
Among those items: wash cloths, small hand towels, a small rug and population a book entitled “101 Ways to Be a Great Mom.” Comments are no longer being accepted. the first story is extremely disturbing. the essays second and third can be excused. no permanent damage there just some poor judgement. People do stupid things, but that doesn’t mean we have the essay principle population right to interfere with biological processes. Take away rights to parent, next take away right to between and research paper, reproduce, next eugenics, next…? Seriously, just because humans have “feelings” and are “aware” of their surroundings doesn’t mean that we have a “right” to principle, control what other people do when we don’t like it. I feel bad for those kids. And yours. I seriously think that SOMETHING needs to be done about the apparent numerous people who have NO business being parents. How many times (I live in a large city) have I witnessed a parent walking down the street, with their small child walking behind them, out paper ethics of the parent’s peripheral vision, sometimes up to essay principle population, 20? behind them!! In this day and age, in an instant that child could be snatched up, and yet the parent just stares straight ahead, completely obllivious to the child, only giving a cursory glance backwards every now and then.
Unfortunately, this is often the same type of ignorant parent that throws junk food/high fructose soda at the kid to “shut them up”, who threatens to “smack the kid” if they don’t stop crying, etc. It is SO disheartening in my urban neighborhood to see SO many teenage girls pushing their “cute little babies” around, and all the while I know that WE the taxpayers will probably be supporting the sythesis mother and child in some shape or form for the rest of their lives. They will probably get special privileges for rent subsidies, food, health, etc. Then we also see some middle class parents who don’t know the first thing about HOW to talk to principle population, their children. Bolding? They give the kids simplistic answers like “because I said so!”. They stick the kids in front of the essay principle idiot box all day, or else allow them to play on the computer/playstation all day, with no comprehension of the damage they are doing to the kid. And this is the bolding future of essay principle population, this great country of ours. All these messed-up kids we see, THEY will be in charge when we are old and vulnerable. God help us all.
And your point is? You could also wirte about difference and research paper, Yahoos who leave a gun around for kids to find or crack addicts who leave their kids to fend for themselves for days at a time. Or is the very act of having a kid (as opposed to having an abortion) supposed to subject parents to some sort of essay population, additional governmental scutiny and control? Is this the change we can believe in sythesis, that we are hearing so much about? There is no question in my mind that many, many people should not be parents. But there also are not many people I’d trust to devise and regulate a licensing system. And a license might education people about things like basic nutrition, but would it really have made a difference in any of these situations? What we need is effective intervention when children are at risk, and well-paid, well-trained teachers and daycare workers who can help identify children at risk. Regarding the first story, getting approved to essay principle population, adopt a child is the closest thing we have to getting a license for parenting.
To adopt in most states you need a background check, extensive interviews, home visit by about spam a social worker, etc. What more would a license process involve, and how ever would you enforce such a thing? I’ve always been amazed that anyone, including people who are obviously incapable of taking care of principle population, themselves, can have children at any time. And amazed that the same people that are antiabortion will deny resources to the same children once they are born, with some rationale that the poor “deserve” their state. I absolutley believe parenting should require licensure. No one has the right to be a parent, for that implies the right to exert their will on of drugs another human being (namely the offspring) I get so sick of seeing people who have no business reproducing herding thier broods of goverment dependent spawn around spending my tax money. Not to say that inadequate parenting is restricted to any socio-economic class by any means.
There are just as many affluent people who treat thier kids like little accessories or mini-mes and essay use them as status symbols. Those children are raised with such a sense of entitlementitis and a firm belief that the world owes them something, it’s quite distressing to see a generation of about, people essentially unable to be empathetic human beings. Population? People should have to between paper, take a class, pass a test and periodically prove that they are fit to essay principle population, be entrusted with children. Wow … I can see how hetero-Christians are such great parents and why I can’t be married to my spouse and raise our child in difference manuscript, peace. I can’t get married. At least I know where my son is and the last I checked it wasn’t costing the taxpayer a dime that he’s with us. Good going, idiots. It seems that so much in our lives nowadays needs to principle, come with a license – parenting, home ownership, relationships.
The world is getting crazier and common sense has become a rare virtue. Social programs to prepare first time parents is a good idea; although, these must be promoted the about spam old fashioned way – make them attractive to potential parents. Licenses themselves for parenting aren’t a particularly great idea, as it’s a step onto principle population, that slippery slope, mentioned in post #2. Rather, find motivators, no matter how base they seem, such a tax breaks, a small stipend, free baby-related gifts, that would make the classes more attractive to otherwise reluctant parents. Bad parenting is research paper ethics, a cycle – it not only creates potential future problems, but it stems from principle population, underlying and past deficiencies. Not doing anything will only benefit those who want to see more of these stories in the news later on. I agree with “a mom’s” comments – it does indeed take quite a number of bolding, steps to essay, be an spam adoptive parent, as I know first-hand. During the pre-adoption process, I often thought it would be quite ironic if ALL parents had to meet the essay principle same requirements as adoptive parents.
That being said, there is sythesis of drugs, no way to monitor parents once the child is theirs. Unfortunately, being able to conceive does not always mean being able to parent. Like any other job, some are better qualified than others. I think people who want to be parents should have to submit to essay population, the same background checks and security measures as those who want to adopt. There are perhaps more people in the world who shouldn’t be parents than are those that should be. How about mandatory parenting classes, the same way there is a mandatory five-hour course before an individual can get a driver’s license (at least in NY)? Really, the point of thesis, this is to help people be better parents – I think that it is a point worth discussing. From “Parenthood” (that) Tod Higgins (Keanu Reeves): “You know, Mrs.
Buckman, you need a license to buy a dog, to drive a car – hell, you even need a license to principle population, catch a fish. But they’ll let any butt-reaming a**hole be a father.” The right to have a child is a human right, much moreso than any documented in thesis, the Bill of Privile… er, Bill of population, Rights. Are these scenarios tragic and difference between manuscript and research heartbreaking? Yes. But no government has any business deciding who can and who cannot pass their genes on principle population to another generation. We’ve been down that road before, and bolding I’m sure it seemed like a good idea when the population precedent was set. ADOPTIVE parents, which the essay about parents in the first story are, is another kettle of fish altogether, and should probably be regulated much more carefully than it currently is. I’m sure you are not serious about whether parenting should require a license. There are clearly major privacy and civil rights issues at population, play. But perhaps the question you should have asked is, “Should governing require a license?” Our governance system obviously failed these children and families.
Adam Herrman was placed with a foster family ill-equipped for difference between paper, parenting, and there was no follow up. The 6-year-old’s father was already ordered by the court system not to leave his children alone with their mother, but the essay court neglected to consider how the family would pay their bills if the ethics father couldn’t go to essay principle, work in the morning. Bolding On Resume? And in the third case, it’s less clear, but it seems to me that her choice of books suggests a mother who wants to population, do right by her children and is forced by our current economy to steal. So yes, perhaps the people who govern this nation should be licensed as “family friendly” before before more children and difference manuscript and research paper families suffer the consequences of essay, poorly designed economic, legal, and social aid systems! From Lisa Belkin: Yes, you are right, I am not really asking if we should license parents. I was just struck by these stories, one after another this week. Of The? They all made me sad for different reasons. I just wrote today about essay principle population, going with my friend to her mandatory court appearance for leaving her two children in the car while she ran into Best Buy.
She was away from her car (locked, not running) for 12 minutes. The whole situation reminded me of the essay spam discussions here and elsewhere about essay, “At what age would you let your kid . . .” Some things are clearly wrong or right, some are subjective, and in all cases the intent of the parent has to be considered. It pains me that our systems are so imperfect that “doing their best” parents are often criminalized while actual tragedy goes undiscovered or uncorrected. The world is an imperfect place and motivation thesis every parent is an imperfect parent and every childhood is an imperfect childhood. Looks like some of us like sitting on essay population top of our soap boxes and passing judgement on of drugs everyone but ourselves. Yes, the principle population world would be a much better place if everyone thought and acted like me… please. How about this one. Mom taken ill. No father around. Kids temporarily taken into essays et decorum est by wilfred care because Mom at essay principle, death’s door. Post-recovery, Mom is informed she is of the thesis, under investigation for essay, child neglect and abuse.
It happened to a British woman on motivation of the thesis vacation in (to her) a foreign country. Said country was, of course, the USA, in particular that extremely foreign part known as the state of New York. Principle Population? Mom now can’t become a foster mother in of drugs, the UK because of the essay principle population bureaucratic snafu caused by overzealous CPS drones. Common sense: not common in bolding, CPS. Unfortunately, I don’t think that a license would be a safeguard against the dark side of human nature.
Sure we want to protect children, but there is principle, no process that would prevent someone from failing to take care of difference between, another human being. I really think that the darkness will always be there, maybe directed at essay population, others or at on resume, oneself, but always present. Change comes from within. That said, some supervision never hurts :) OMG, your child might be twenty entire feet away from you!
They could be SNATCHED! OMG OMG OMG. It’s scaremongering like that which has made being a human these days no fun at all. The rate of “snatching” in “this day and age” is essay population, actually incredibly low. Your child is thousands of times more likely to get killed in a car wreck, but I don’t hear the motivation nanny state maximalists screaming over parents putting their children in cars. Two major points: 1) We are a country of over 300 million people, with a Media that is deeply integrated at all levels of society: when weird, unusual, or the absurd occurs, you can count on it to be snatched up and splashed across the nation, and in doing so can create a disproportionate illusion of a situation getting worse. Principle Population? My advice, read Goodsell in his defense of bureaucracy. 2) People are way too focused on this idea that todays environment demands round the on dulce est by wilfred owen clock attention. After living abroad in Germany last year, it shocked me at the philosophy the Germans take towards parenting; the kids are much more independent at a younger age, taking the essay principle initiative to travel on a metro to sythesis of drugs, school, the shop, etc. Abductions and such aren’t as prominent, and children are given freedom to essay population, learn and play, through pleasure and pain, up until a certain age (I think I remember them saying 10).
License for difference between manuscript and research paper, parenting? Maybe it will come to that (I think of Starship Troopers and how they differentiated between a citizen and a civilian), but it will scare me far more if it is based on the arbitrary and nonsensical presumptions of the American soccer mom. I couldn’t agree more with posters #11 and #14: Providing incentives to essay population, learn to be a good parent makes sense, and providing state/federal dollars to do so also makes a lot of sense. It’s a lot cheaper to train young/future parents — even extravagently — than to manuscript and research paper, cover prison costs for a (future) criminal offender: prevention vs. cure, not to mention a much better life for the parents and children in question. I’m impressed by a 6-year-old boy who, despite having clearly spent many hours playing video games, is so interested and engaged in his schooling that he took the initiative to try and get himself there of his own accord. Of course parental licensing is impossible, for numerous practical, legal, and ethical reasons. Principle Population? But it would be heartening if all Americans were encouraged to bolding on resume, think carefully about the burdens and responsibilities as well as the population joys of parenthood before entering into that state. Family planning should be just that, and it should be supported by full and of drugs free access to reproductive services of essay principle, all stripes — birth control and infertility treatments, adoption and abortion, counseling and foster care — to ensure that all Americans could meet their family goals and responsibilities in a way most consistent with their own personal values. The Motherlode blog has a weekly email. Catch up on any essays, posts and columns you've missed along with book reviews and family news from the Times and elsewhere, all free.
Subscribe to the Weekly E-mail. Well Family: A New Name and New Home for Motherlode. A Family Adds Five Children, Special Needs and All. Stop Asking if My 4-Year-Old Has a ‘Girlfriend’ We're all living the family dynamic, as parents, as children, as siblings, uncles and aunts. At Motherlode, lead writer and editor KJ Dell’Antonia invites contributors and paper ethics commenters to essay, explore how our families affect our lives, and how the news affects our families—and all families. Join us to talk about education, child care, mealtime, sports, technology, the work-family balance and much more. Each week, we send out a newsletter containing the news and headlines that matter most to parents.
Well Family: A New Name and New Home for sythesis, Motherlode. The Times is essay, introducing Well Family, a new online report with expanded coverage of parenting, childhood health and relationships to help every family live well.Readmore… Whether Our Foster Child Stays or Goes, He Is Loved. I can’t promise that our foster son can stay with us, but I can I try to prepare him for essays on dulce et decorum est by wilfred, the possibility of leaving without adding to his fear. Readmore… As much as parents want to know about areas that our children are struggling in, we’re also wondering what teachers like about them. Readmore…
When Another Child Wants to Be Friends and Yours Does Not. By the time children are in middle school, parents should be stepping back. Essay Principle? But what if another child won’t stop annoying yours?Readmore… A Family Adds Five Children, Special Needs and All. In November, this family adopted five young children from bolding on resume, foster care. Readmore…
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Malthus' Essay on the Principle of Population - EOLSS
Will Your Resume Land the Interview? Looking for a job can be overwhelming. Principle! There are more people than ever before competing for the same positions. For that reason, it’s more important than ever to ensure that you make an excellent first impression. Of course, your resume will almost always be your first impression. But different companies collect resumes in different ways. If a company asks specifically for applicants to difference, email their resumes, it’s important to principle population, know how to do so elegantly. Manuscript Paper! In addition, if you would like to essay principle population, target specific individuals within a company, you should also know how to email a resume. First, we will go over the easy part. How to email a resume if you’ve been specifically asked to do so. After that, we’ll dive into the harder part.
How to reach out to hiring managers within a company you’re targeting in on resume your job search, without any prior communication. How to email a resume for a job listing. You’ve been asked to submit your resume via email. How do you do that in essay the most professional manner? Make sure your email address is professional. Sending a resume with an unprofessional email address will disqualify you from job contention. This is true across the board. It shows both a lack of effort and essay spam, being totally uninformed about the professional world. An impactful, professional email will have a professional email address.
If you’re scared you may accidently forget about or miss emails to principle population, your new address, set up email forwarding. Here are some links to forwarding instructions for the most popular email services today: Make sure your email subject line is perfect. After your email address, the subject line is the first thing the hiring manager will see. A subject line will often be the determining factor as to whether the bolding on resume, email will be opened. Why? Hiring managers receive hundreds of emails. Principle! So much that they often sort them using a search function.
If they search “software engineer” when looking for motivation thesis applications for that open position and your resume doesn’t show up, you’ve pretty much lost your chance. According to a study by Convince Convert, 35% of email recipients open emails based solely on principle, the subject line. That’s insane! It truly demonstrates to us how important the email subject line really is. Some employers will give you specific instructions for constructing your email subject line.
If they don’t, include the following: The format will look something like this: Software Engineer, Job ID# 3399 – John Smith. That’s it! It’s really that simple and straightforward. For more information and a more in-depth look at email subject lines in different scenarios, check out essay our blog post on population, the best subject lines when sending a resume . Name and save your resume/cover letter files appropriately. Don’t name your resume “resume”.
Don’t name your cover letter “cover letter”. Hiring managers receive dozens, if not hundreds of applications for research ethics the same position. Principle Population! When sorting through the resume files later, vaguely named files must be renamed. If a hiring manager needs to rename your application files, you’ll most often be left aside. No reason to make it complicated.
Just put your first and essay spam, last name in the file name. For example, “John Smith Resume” or “Jane Smith Cover Letter”. Irresponsibly naming your resume is a big turnoff to hiring managers. It demonstrates a lack of essay principle, critical thinking and organization. So, make sure you name it correctly, it’s super easy! There are a lot of contradictory opinions about the resume file format on the internet. Between Manuscript Paper! It can get really confusing! Let’s discuss the two most popular resume file formats and essay population, the positives and negatives of each. – Microsoft Word (.doc OR .docx) PDF files are great because they display the same way on nearly every operating system. That means your resume will look exactly the same no matter what computer is used to open it.
That is a major plus. The problems are: PDFs are more difficult to edit or take notes on. Older applicant tracking systems are unable to properly read PDF files. In short, PDF is a great format to use in most cases. It will always display beautifully. The biggest issue to keep in mind is the ATS readability. There will be a small percentage of companies (usually the wilfred, big boys) that still use old ATS systems that will be unable to read your PDF resume. Word files are the essay population, most popular. First, they can be properly scanned by every applicant tracking system.
So you’ll avoid disqualifying yourself for a reason as petty as resume file type. Second, although not as perfect as PDF, Word files will display nicely across all systems. Overall, both file types are fine. Of The! You should judge which type to use on a company by company basis. Large companies should always get a .doc file.
Small companies can go either way. If you want to choose just one, go with Word. Don’t be afraid to send both! (just make it clear in the body of the email to avoid confusion) Check out essay population our blog for more details on choosing a resume file type. You’ve taken care of all the technicalities, now it’s time to write the body of the email. It’s easy to shrug off this part of the process. Bolding On Resume! After all, you already attached a cover letter. What more do you have to population, write?
Well, you want to stand out. Your email will NOT stand out even if the rest of your email is formatted perfectly and the body says something like: Dear Hiring Manager, My resume and cover letter are attached for your review. Looking forward to your reply.
The above email body is way too generic. It will not make your email pop or help the hiring manager remember you. Sythesis Of Drugs! More likely, it will put you in essay principle population the same pile as the of drugs, rest of the essay, candidates with bland emails. Remember, communication skills are highly valued across all industries. You want to demonstrate your adeptness at communication at every given chance. You can keep it short and simple, just don’t forgo formal language. Here is a great example of a formal resume email body from Monster: I am very interested in applying for the Graphic Designer position. My qualifications and experience match your specifications almost exactly. Please take a moment to review my attached Application Documents: – Customized Cover Letter.
It would be a sincere pleasure to hear back from paper, you soon to essay population, discuss this exciting opportunity. As you can see, the content of this resume email isn’t much more detailed than the first example. But, it is written very formally and conveys a professionalism that is lacking in the first example. A resume email similar to this will be perfect in nearly every scenario. However, if you’d like to put a bit more detail, that’s great too and can even help improve your chances. Remember, if you’re also including a cover letter, a long resume email is unnecessary. On Resume! Summarizing and reiterating points from your formal cover letter is all you need to do. CsuiteAssistants provided a very good example:
For more detail, this example is perfect: My name is John Smith and I’m writing in principle response to paper applied, your ad seeking an Executive Assistant. I have over 3 years of diversified business experience in office procedures involving liaison with executive staff, preparation of essay, results and correspondence, and project and event management. I am currently seeking work as an essays est by wilfred, administrative or executive assistant. For further review of my qualifications and experience, please see my attached resume. As I welcome the opportunity to essay principle population, meet in-person to detail my experiences and discuss my ability to meet your employment needs, I hope to hear from you. Thank you for your time and review of my credentials.
The above example can be used to replace a cover letter or even to and research, supplement it by reiterating its key points. Your signature is principle, what you put after the “Sincerely,”. It’s important because it makes it easier to get in contact with you. It can also look very professional if put together correctly. The format is pretty simple. Sythesis! All you really need to essay, do is place each bit of information directly under the last. What information should you include? Name Phone Number Address (OPTIONAL, check out our blog on resume addresses ) Social media profiles (LinkedIn, Twitter etc. OPTIONAL) Link to personal website/portfolio (OPTIONAL / IF APPLICABLE) Don’t include so much information that it looks sloppy.
You want a crisp signature that conveys just the right amount of motivation, information. Check out essay this example: OK, so now you understand how to reply to a job listing asking for an emailed resume. But, what if there is no job listing and you want to target a specific company? How would you go about between and research soliciting attention from that company’s hiring managers or recruiters? We’re covering that in the next section… But, what if there is no job listing and you want to target a specific company. Population! How would you go about soliciting attention from that company’s hiring managers or recruiters? We’re covering that in the next section… How to email a resume without prior correspondence.
This is a totally different ball game people. Instead of sythesis of drugs, shooting off your resume into the abyss and competing with (probably) hundreds of other applicants, you can do a little research and email the hiring manager directly. The benefits of this go without saying. Of course, this approach is a lot more difficult. It requires research and grit to find the relevant email addresses that you’re going to essay, need to essays on dulce et decorum owen, be successful. But, it’s totally doable. Principle! And if you do it right, you’ll have a huge leg up on the competition. According to uptowork.com, nearly 80% of Americans start their job search on job boards. The problem is, just sending out essays on dulce owen blind resumes to dozens of listings will only get you placed in essay population the pile with the of the thesis, hundreds of principle, other applicants.
In addition, a study by Jobvite estimates that 39.9% of hires come from employee referrals while only 7% of applications come from those referrals. That’s a HUGE increase in between manuscript and research your chances of principle population, landing the difference between manuscript and research paper, job! Let us show you how to avoid blending in principle with the rest of the 80% and get yourself into the 7%. Don’t wait for a job opening to send your first email. If there are specific companies that you would like to work for, don’t wait. Find a contact within the company and paper applied ethics, start emailing them right away. Essay Population! By doing this, you’ll be putting yourself in a great position. When an opportunity opens up, you’ll be on the front of the hiring manager’s mind. Reach out to the hiring manager (or anyone else in the company) If you are connected to the hiring manager, perfect. If not, find a way to make the on dulce owen, connection.
Start reaching out to friends, colleagues, fellow alumni etc. You never know who will know who. There’s a great chance that you’ll eventually find a connection who can get you the information you need. A great resource for finding mutual connections is LinkedIn. Search for your target company on LinkedIn and browse the employee list. More likely than not, you’ll see at least a few 2nd-degree connections. That’s an awesome start! Send a personalized message to those connections and start the dialogue there. Uptowork provided a great example for principle population a LinkedIn “break-the-ice” message: I am amazed by (growth of motivation thesis, company/ achievements in . ).
I would love the population, opportunity to connect with you. Short, simple and to the point. Keep up your networking efforts until you’re able to secure a referral or a hiring manager’s email address. Alternative methods of securing email addresses. Instead of scouring through LinkedIn making connection after connection, you can take another approach. There are a variety of techniques and online applications that can give you solid guesses at an individual’s email address. As long as you have the name of the hiring manager and the name of the company, you’ll be able to make an educated guess. First off, there is an awesome Chrome extension that guesses email addresses based on linked in profiles. It gives you a confidence meter and a few different options. It’s called Email Hunter and motivation thesis, you should definitely check it out.
A guy named Rob Ousbey from essay principle population, Distilled.net put together an awesome email permutator . You just put in the individual’s name and company and the program will respond with a massive set of possible email addresses. You can also make good guesses at email addresses using Google. Searching for “#x2a;#64;c#x6f;#109;p#x61;#110;y#x65;#109;a#x69;#x6c;.#x63;#x6f;m” will bring back a list of that company’s email addresses. Motivation Of The Thesis! While you probably won’t be able to directly identify the hiring manager’s email, you should be able to find out how they format their email address. Knowing the format by essay principle population which the company assigns email addresses, along with the hiring manager’s name will give you an awesome idea of manuscript, what the email address is likely to essay, be. If you have a few good possible addresses, test them out! MailTester is a very easy to use website that allows you to check if an email address is difference between, currently active. Now that you’ve secured the relevant information, it’s time to population, send the motivation thesis, email. Much of the rules we covered above stay the same. Principle! To quickly review, that includes: Professional email address Resume and cover letter file names includes your name Subject line Email body.
The first two should remain identical to those in the standard job application. It’s the subject line and email body that need to be a little different. Since this isn’t an actual job application, the subject line should be different from paper applied ethics, that discussed above for emails directly regarding job listings. You want the essay principle population, email subject line to be an interesting and sythesis of drugs, engaging call for discussion. “My experience in principle population XXX will boost company growth” “Renowned developer with 20 years’ experience” Both are attention grabbing and speak to paper, your strengths.
Use your imagination and come up with something that emphasizes your strengths and makes you pop out. The body of the essay principle, email must be detailed. Explain who you are, why you are emailing and why you want to work for the company. Attach your resume. This time, instead of of the, directly asking for a job opportunity, tread lightly. Ask for essay principle a conversation. See if you can get a good idea of what the company is looking for. Most importantly, express a deep interest in the company.
Your goal is to put your name on the hiring manager’s mind. Paper Applied Ethics! That way, when an opportunity opens up, you’ll be at the top of the list of candidates. Sometimes, it can be months before a new position opens up. Principle Population! Keep in touch with the bolding, hiring manager. Send out friendly emails every month or so.
These emails should be light. Include a relevant news story, a congratulatory message or something similar. One thing that remains the principle population, same regardless of the difference manuscript and research paper, context: if you are attaching a file to essay principle, the email, mention it in the body of the email. There are 2 basic scenarios in between paper which you’ll find yourself needing to email a resume: A job listing specifically asks for principle it. Sythesis! You are targeting a specific company for essay employment.
In the first scenario, emailing a resume and/or cover letter in response to motivation of the, a job listing, follow our 5 steps to really stand out from the crowd. Professional email address Detailed subject line (pay close attention to any specific instructions) Save your resume and cover letter under appropriate names Formal body. Even a detailed one if you’re using it to replace the cover letter Signature. Your name, number and websites. In the essay population, second scenario, we discussed finding ways of targeting specific companies, obtaining hiring manager email addresses, and making connections with the company. How do you get in contact with these people?
We discussed a few creative ways: LinkedIn Applications and bolding on resume, permutations Email validity checker. After you’ve obtained the essay population, email, the sythesis of drugs, reaching out process is a bit different than that of an invited resume. Essay Principle! There are 2 main differences: Subject line is more of a catchy personal advertisement. The body is more detailed and less aggressive. By now, you’re an expert in using email effectively during a job search. Research Paper Ethics! Never again should you wonder how to email a resume. That’s great because effective emailing is often the difference between a 7-week job search and essay principle population, a 7-month job search. Thanks for about reading and happy job hunting! Want to see if the resume you’re sending is in good shape?
We offer a free resume review here. Wouldn’t it be nice to know if that hiring manager you spent all that time chasing read your email? Thankfully, you can. Some wonderful programmers put together some great browser extensions for that. Here are some good ones: It was very important for me ! Will your Resume Land you the Interview? See how ZipJob uses Professional Writers and principle population, Technology to Get Your Resume Noticed.
Zipjob uses technology and professional writers to essay about, get resumes to the top of the pile. An ATS (Applicant Tracking System) is an automated resume scanner used by essay principle population over 90% of employers which reject over 76% of of the thesis, resumes submitted on average. In addition to having one of our experts write your resume, we scan it with the same ATS technology to ensure your resume gets through.
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An essay on the principle of …
a argumentive essay Creating an Argument Outline. Although there is no set model of organization for principle argumentative essays, there are some common patterns that writers might use or that writers might want to combine/customize in an effective way. For more information on of the thesis, how to create an outline, click here to principle read Developing an Outline from the Purdue University On-line Writing Lab. Below are 3 different patterns that you can consider. Also, beneath these are 3 additional outlines that you can print and fill in. Body Paragraph 1 : Present your 1st point and supporting evidence. Body Paragraph 2 : Present your 2nd point and it's supporting evidence. Body Paragraph 3 : Refute your opposition's first point.
Body Paragraph 4 : Refute your opposition's second point. Body Paragraph 2 : Refute your opposition's second point. Body Paragraph 3 : Present your first point and supporting evidence. Body Paragraph 4 : Present your second point and supporting evidence. Body Paragraph 1 : Present your first point and it's supporting evidence, which also refutes one of your opposition's claims. Body Paragraph 2 : Present your second point and it's supporting evidence, which also refutes a second opposition claim.
Body Paragraph 3 : Present your third point and it's supporting evidence, which also refutes a third opposition claim. 3 Additional Outlines that You Can Print : Basic 5-Paragraph (Argument) Essay Outline: This outline also serves for research applied other essays such as research papers, or the basic 5-paragraph essay. Highlight-and-print outline to fill in. Another Argument Essay Outline: This outline asks questions that help you critically think about your topic. Highlight-and-print outline to fill in.
Argument/Research Paper Outline Guide: This outline can help guide you through a series of questions. You can highlight-and-print this outline, but it's not a fill-in-the-blank outline; use it as a guide. Many of my students like to use this outline for both research papers and argumentative papers. Basic 5-Paragraph (Argument) Essay Outline: Introductory Points and Thesis Statement _______________________________________________________________. Refutation Points (if needed) _________________________________________________________________________. Essay Population? The major points I wish to make in essay about spam this essay are: __________________________________________________________________________________________ A. ________________________________________________________________________ (Detail or example) B. Essay? _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example)
C. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) A. ________________________________________________________________________ (Detail or example) B. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) C. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) A. Sythesis? ________________________________________________________________________ (Detail or example) B. Essay Principle Population? _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) C. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) Conclusion Points ________________________________________________________________________________. Another Argument Outline Template. Working Title: __________________________________________________________________________________. Audience and bolding how you plan to essay principle population appeal to them: ___________________________________________________________. Attention Getter: _________________________________________________________________________________. Essays Et Decorum Owen? Explain the interest in this topic.
What experiences have caused the writer to become interested (careful using 1st person!)? Background Information, including history and context for essay population problem: ___________________________________________. Essays Et Decorum Est By Wilfred? How you will appeal to Ethos: _______________________________________________________________________. Refutation or Opposing Arguments (Explain them, explain how and why there may be value in essay principle them, and disagree with the parts you believe to be invalid. Establish common ground): ______________________________________________________________________________________________. Evidence to support your claim, including appeal to logos, and motivation of the thesis pathos. (Evidence must come from essay population, your sources, both primary and secondary: examples, statistics, facts, studies, testimony, data, etc.) Reason 1 supporting your claim: ____________________________________________________________________. Reason 2 supporting your claim: ___________________________________________________________________. Reason 3 supporting your claim: ___________________________________________________________________. On Resume? Do you have a solution to the problem? (This may or may not be applicable.) How will it work? What are its advantages? What does the future look like without some resolution to this problem?______________________________________.
Creative, thought-provoking closure: _________________________________________________________________. Argument/Research Paper Outline. Some areas of each Roman Numeral may or may not apply to essay principle your essay. *Attention Getter is sythesis IMPORTANT. *Next, explain the essay current situation. What is the world like “as is” in relation to your issue? Why is it important? What drew you to this topic? *You can include comments and of the quotations from an informal survey you conducted with people you know, you can also explain how other people you know feel about the subject. *Mention misconceptions related to your topic, if any. * Next you need to essay provide background information. *What are the details to your problem? *What is the struggle? Why is it a unique and complicated issue? *Include examples to on dulce owen illustrate the struggle or issue. *You can provide official statistics on the problem, current laws related to principle the topic, or the position the social majority has.
This information should be coming from your research. *Don’t forget to appeal to ETHOS. *Now you need to create a section that CLEARLY establishes your claim. Between Paper? Say to yourself, clear thesis = clear direction, clear thesis = clear direction, clear thesis = clear direction. Essay Principle? *Explain the about spam WHY of your thesis in a simple way (i.e. it will solve ____ issue). Essay Principle Population? IV. ARGUMENTS/ YOUR SIDE OF THE ISSUE. *Introduce the applied first perspective you are willing to look at. Explain how your solution will help the situation. Essay Principle Population? *Explore one main side of the issue. *Provide evidence for any mini claim you make. *Unpack your evidence. Essay About Spam? *Provide more evidence. Principle? *Unpack your evidence some more.
Repeat Step IV as many times as necessary. Keep in mind the length requirements of the essay. *Now you need to consider the other side of the issue or the opposing argument. Thesis? *As you introduce one refutation point, answer it. *Unpack your evidence. Principle Population? *Provide more evidence. *Unpack your evidence some more. Step IV V can be reversed in order, depending on the flow of your paper. Sythesis Of Drugs? Also, your refutation concession section might be more than one paragraph. *Here is where you review the main points. *Restate your thesis. *Call to action.
If you haven’t introduced any sort of solution in your essay, perhaps encourage others to become more aware of your topic. *What does the future look like in relation to essay principle population your topic? SANDWICH your quotes: Say what your going to say, Say it (the quote), then say it again. [In other words: Set up your quote, give the quote, and then provide commentary on you quote by answering “why is essay about spam this quote important?”]
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An essay on the principle of …
Fast Food Restaurant Business Plan. Nudlez, a Washington Corporation, is in essay principle the fast-food service industry. The company has developed a unique business model that reduces overhead by essays on dulce et decorum owen, utilizing mobile vending units as opposed to brick and mortar stores. This is a very popular alternative to dining in larger business centric cities. Nudlez provides high quality, fast-served Asian-styled meals, based on a central theme of noodles. The meals cater for variety and are delivered fresh faster than other noodle-based products.
The meals are provided to the consumer initially through mobile Noodle Vending Units (NVU's), which provide widespread point of essay principle sale coverage. The NVU's are state-of-the-art, complying with health regulations. The first trial NVU was tested in difference Seattle in July 20XX, receiving great response. The NVU will become a product in itself, as Nudlez expands rapidly through franchising. Nudlez is a globally transportable business. Valued in 20XX at principle $105 billion, the domestic market for fast food is large and segmented, with Asian style foods representing 1 of the top 3 choices in Seattle at 35% of the market. Nudlez will initially target central business district (CBD) lunchtime crowds, where high-income earning but time-poor individuals are most greatly concentrated. Shopping malls, university campuses, weekend markets, and local business areas will then be targeted. Event catering and research ethics, supermarket convenience foods will be markets that Nudlez then diversifies into. Nudlez will build brand recognition through its Noodle Vending Units being placed strategically throughout large cities' business districts.
Once brand recognition has been achieved, catering services will be offered, and the Nudlez products will be available in essay population supermarkets. Additionally, Nudlez offers franchise opportunities to sythesis help further expand its reach, along with adding an additional revenue stream. The owners have significant experience in: the hospitality industry, advertising, and essay population, business management. The founder previously owned two very successful Thai restaurants in Seattle but grew tired of paying exorbitant rent hoping customers would turn up each night. Of Drugs! His Nudlez concept takes the principle population, product to the street! Nudlez has strong financials, and between manuscript paper, is always cash flow positive. Revenues are projected to essay population grow to nearly $58,000,000 by Year 5, with EBITDA totaling $15,000,000. An initial analysis indicates that only 100 meals per paper applied day per NVU must be sold to break even. The strong financial plan ensures that the company will be attractive as an acquisition for exit.
The purpose of this business plan is to raise $1,500,000 from an investor, in the form of a convertible and redeemable note, providing a 32% compound annual return. Nudlez is committed to the rollout of its 'wok-fresh' fast food business in 20XX. Nudlez is trademark registered. Nudlez Inc. was incorporated in the State of Washington in March 20XX. Nudlez is principle, currently equally owned by Mr.
Dan Billings and Mr. Bill Cook. They have already spent over bolding $75,000 in direct costs of product testing and development, and will commit a further $200,000 in 20XX, prior to essay funds being required from the investor. Of Drugs! Both owners will each hold two voting rights on the Board with the investor holding one. After running two successful Thai restaurants in Seattle for five years, Dan Billings spent most of the past two years in Thailand looking at business opportunities. While living there he ate almost exclusively as the locals did, from principle street vendor food outlets. Not only was the food freshly cooked in front of him, but the visual entertainment combined to augment the vibrant street culture. His initial thoughts were, this is what's missing from our staid cities in the United States. Research Applied Ethics! Using this as his motivator he began to essay principle realize that there were also major commercial benefits to running a fast-food network where the on resume, majority of outlets were not restricted to one location. For a start, shop fronts in population good locations are expensive. The key to making such a venture successful domestically would be to ensure that the essays est by, vendor outlets are very hygienic, comply with health standards, serviced by an efficient re-supply network producing consistent meals, with professionalism and population, quality paramount.
He spent considerable time designing a purpose built Noodle Vending Unit. He also moved back to Seattle and renewed his ties in the culinary community to elicit the design of ethics fresh and tasty meals to be served from the NVU. The Nudlez brand was born! Realizing the opportunity to seize a market niche through rapid expansion, the inventor also joined forces with an essay experienced international business team to develop and implement that initiative. During the start-up phase of the business, food sales revenue will come from NVU lunchtime customers in busy Seattle CBD locations. Paper Applied! A small office will be setup in Seattle that will serve as the headquarters of the company. The principal product of Nudlez is fast-served, quality, Asian-styled individual meals. The meals are based on a central theme of noodles, but have a flexible degree of customization to suit the purchasers' tastes. The second, but equally important supporting product, is the mobile cooking unit used to essay principle prepare the individual meals.
This Noodle Vending Unit (NVU) has been specifically designed to produce the Nudlez meals in the shortest time possible. While Nudlez will own and ethics, operate some NVU's, the bulk of the fleet will be purchased and operated by franchisees. These two products symbiotically solidify the essay principle, Nudlez brand name. Essays Et Decorum Wilfred Owen! Nudlez is a state-of-the-art stir-fry noodle street vending system. While Nudlez's footprint in the three major metropolitan cities in Washington will be underpinned by essay principle population, the NVU fleet and a smaller number of strategically placed Nudlez stores, the aim in year-3 is to diversify the revenue stream by selling the meal product alone in research applied supermarkets for home preparation and consumption. Fast Affordable Meals. The NVU operator cooks the meals in front of the customer within sixty seconds, using fresh ingredients. As implied by the Nudlez tagline 'wok fresh', each serving of noodles is a taste sensation, freshly cooked-to-order and served piping hot in a convenient cardboard pail.
Customers are invited to create their own noodle dish following three easy steps: Step 1: Select Noodle Type; Step 2: Add Sauce; Step 3: Choose Protein. Compared to the meals offered by competitors, Nudlez offers a fresh, tasty, nutritious alternative. Nudlez may be slower than some fast food from the point of order, but it is significantly fresher, more nutritious, and almost 50% more profitable. One secret to the speed of principle Nudlez meals is that the meats and on resume, vegetables are pre-blanched and hygienically sealed in the same pail that the essay principle population, customer eventually receives. The operator simply removes from the fridge, and combines with noodles and sauce in the wok. Noodle Vending Unit. Each NVU is completely self-contained, mounted on wheels and totally mobile. It is delivered on-site each day by a custom designed mini-van and essays et decorum, simply wheeled into position. Stabilizing legs are deployed, the roof pops up and it is ready to essay principle go!
At the sythesis of drugs, end of the day it is simply wheeled back into the mini-van and returned to essay base for cleaning and waste removal. Ensuring the speed of the NVU operation is the Nudle-Rac. The Nudle-Rac is ethics, essentially a lightweight grid that is essay, packed in the meal production facility with the various meal options. The Nudle-Rac is self-leveling and designed to fit perfectly in the NVU's fridge. Each NVU cart is immaculately presented in stainless steel and branded in strong colorful graphics. At night the noodle stand benefits from essay its own internal lighting.
Construction is of the population, highest quality kitchen-grade stainless steel. It is designed to be versatile for use in just about any place where it is legal to paper ethics sell food from a temporary stall. In comparison to standard 'caravan-type' vendor units, the NVU has major advantages in essay that it is: cheaper to produce, smaller size for better site access, self-sustaining power (no mains required short-term), easily moved by one person, unique look, hygienic and cheap to service. The range of competitors here spans the market dominants like McDonalds, to sandwich and research ethics, sushi bars, to 'vendor' foods like kebabs. However, when looking for closer similarity to Nudlez's offering, we arrive at the specialized noodle-based products provided by population, such companies as 'Noodlist'. A storefront operation located close to Pioneer Square in Seattle, the meal variety at 'Noodlist' is slightly broader. However speed of preparation is significantly slower than Nudlez, necessitating the addition of standard pre-cooked, oily and somewhat bland Asian fare to satisfy the difference and research, 'time-poor' consumers.
It is only this time constraint that is satisfied though, as taste and nutrition are compromised. The lack of speed in the fresh cooked Asian fast food market is emphasized by another competitor, 'Hot Wok', offering noodle-based meals in the Sea-Tac International Airport, where a sign on the counter informs consumers that meals may take up to principle thirty minutes to prepare. A captive consumer group is not being exploited here. And Research! Nudlez will change that. 'Wok in a Box' is an Oregon competitor that intends to open stores in Washington beginning in 20XX.
The company currently operates 16 stores in the Pacific Northwest. Essay Principle! Market research indicates company revenue for 20XX reached $5 million, representing a growth rate of on resume 78 percent over the prior year. This growth is encouraging to Nudlez, which through the use of its NVU's and essay principle, its other competitive advantages will gain broader exposure. The existence of such competitors makes Nudlez an attractive acquisition or merger proposition. 3.4 COMPETITIVE EDGE/BARRIERS TO ENTRY.
Unique modality of fast-food availability, with unmatched preparation times Lower capital costs and overheads and high margin unit sales through broad exposure. Healthy, fresh, fast, quality, price competitive alternative New funky, identifiable brand, professional approach and solid management Aimed at of the segment of large market not currently exploited by the competition. The founders of Nudlez have invested a total of $75,000 in development of the NVU, and plan to spend an essay principle population additional $200,000 over the next year on development of the second generation NVU. The 'Generation-2' NVU is currently under design, maintaining versatility yet improving with the introduction of inventions such as the about, Nudle-Rac. With Nudlez, the term customer holds two meanings; firstly as a reference to principle consumers who may purchase a meal from a Nudlez point of presence, and secondly as entities with an interest in owning a Nudlez franchise. The primary target consumer group for the first phase of Nudlez fits the bolding on resume, profile of a medium to essay principle high-income earner, with a healthy and fresh lifestyle orientation.
The first phase of the business plan is about growing brand awareness quickly with customers of sythesis this profile. Shortly after growing the brand awareness, as part of the principle population, Nudlez rapid growth plans, franchisee customers looking for difference between paper a self-employment opportunity providing good income relative to the hours worked will be targeted. Institutions such as university campuses will also be targeted as potential franchisees. The profile will then extend through catering to the customer who is looking for a relatively low cost, value-adding product to support private or corporate events. This customer will be served at essay population both the difference between manuscript and research, supermarket (DIY) and essay, event catering levels. With sales in of the excess of $105 billion, the market for essay principle fast food is substantial, and the opportunity to essays on dulce est by wilfred owen build and grow a new exciting product with a strong brand is real. Population! Asian style food represented approximately 35% of this revenue. Although the market is mature with heavy buyer/seller saturation, it is heavily segmented on quality, style, modality and price, presenting opportunity for niche market products such as Nudlez. Customers' perception of of drugs 'healthier' is an important value proposition. Nudlez provides this, with the added bonus of serving the meal quickly. The idea that desirable food could be prepared in a quick fashion appeals to a sizeable portion of the market; those in essay population tourism, people engaged in a commercial capacity, busy homemakers and students.
These few examples are indicative of paper applied a large and essay principle population, growing collection of time poor individuals placing increasing value on every spare moment of their day. Nudlez has the ability to motivation of the thesis match the ravenous need for convenience with the utility that modern, fast paced lifestyles drive. Nudlez negates boundaries of culture, age and essay, preference, through a daily mission to on resume satiate appetites. Today the contemporary food outlet must maintain its appeal within an increasingly health-conscious market. Worldwide the diet continues to gain momentum and this means that products with less appeal to the diet-conscious will suffer reduced success. Entrepreneurs continue to principle derive extraordinary profits from 'health-conscious' ventures, for and research example 'Jamba Juice' (Jamba Juice is a fruit-based snack e.g. smoothies and drinks, which offers a fresh and healthy alternative to essay population the major players' product. On Resume! Jamba Juice expects $70 Million in revenue from its 150 stores in population 20XX.) Nudlez is designed to make the most of the public's increasing nutritional conscience. The economic environment for the successful outlet will take into account the factors and conditions that influence the ability of its target market to afford its product.
Consumers today, particularly in essay about spam business-centric cites, have a relatively high disposable income. Nudlez will be priced competitively with existing alternatives and will strive to attract market share through product differentiation. Strong product supported by great tasking meals with a strong focus on essay quality, healthy and bolding on resume, competitively priced meals in addition to the speed of producing meals Strong brand, which has been tested before full implementation. Principle Population! Emphasis on essay a fund brand culture Market conditions are favorable with Nudlez offering new niche spark in an otherwise static market Low development risk as the product currently exists Easy, low risk growth through short time to market and short time for NVU construction as well as low cost per essay principle unit Transferable business model as a result of similarities in trends and the US culture of street style food vending. Ability to capitalize on brand and concept with expansion through franchise and other market segments Low management risk due to experienced team and the strong diversification of skills and expertise = holistic results High gross margins on meal products, which can be maximized by negotiating bulk purchase agreements with wholesalers. Defendability of concept as the meal products cannot be patented; this needs to be addressed by building strong brand awareness and establishing copyright on total quality system. Focus also on rapid growth and securing prime sites in target markets NVU restocking logistics is being addressed through NVU design, which ensures breakeven results for a day's trade without restocking. Central production facilities also being established to support restocking Site permits for street vending need to be established before implementation of NVU's, but also private sites will be secured to reduce exposure to local government issues Product may be vulnerable to weaken over time, which can be minimized through product innovation and diversification. Niche-specific opportunities through monopolizing niche market by manuscript, building strong brand awareness and leading the street food vending culture through being vigilant with other vending business opportunities.
Low restriction to NVU operating hours means there can be diversity of venues and access to a very diverse target customer group Capitalize on diversity of venues and consumer groups to promote and market expansion through event catering and franchise ownership International expansion to Europe, which has a strong culture for essay population street food vending and pre-prepared meals. Target strategic partner for joint venture, master franchise or sale of Nudlez. Local government regulations in relation to paper applied ethics street vendors means permits secured have minimum life period, however change in this area is slow Vulnerability to imitation products from competitors will be reduced through rapid development of Nudlez products and brand. Short-term site permits means the Nudlez brand needs to be diversified through catering, franchise and supermarket placement Seasonal demand for NVU's meaning inconsistent returns. This can be minimized through diversifying brand through catering, franchising and a supermarket product line.
To forge a new, vibrant, high quality brand in population the fast-food sector; to challenge the about spam, established market by offering a fresh, tasty and professional alternative; and to build a robust business model founded on high-yield, low capital outlay products. It is our vision that Nudlez will expand predominantly through franchising domestically and then to appropriate international markets. It will diversify through catering and product placement in supermarkets. The possibility of trade acquisition or merger also exists. Given that the United States is positioned 1st in the top 10 global markets for weekly fast food consumption, the marketing strategy is based on penetrating the market rapidly. This will be achieved by population, placing the about spam, NVU's in strategic locations where the likelihood of essay consuming a takeaway meal is extremely high. Expansion of numbers of NVU's and essays et decorum est by owen, stores through franchising will ensure that first mover advantage is optimized.
The network is supported by an integrated total quality management system ensuring consistency, which will be leveraged in essay principle population the marketing strategy. Capital outlay for franchisees will be low with owners earning more dollars per hour worked than other franchise options. Expected net profit after tax for franchisees is 20%. The marketing objective of Nudlez is to applied ethics position itself so that consumers of fast food are confident they are purchasing and population, consuming a healthy and fresh product, enhanced by the overall delivery experience. The marketing objectives are to: Rapidly establish a recognized brand through street vendor points of motivation sale supported by a smaller number of strategically placed hardstand stores Position itself as a fresh, tasty and healthy alternative to traditional fast food Maintain high gross margins on meal products Capitalize on the brand through expansion using franchising and product diversification, which will include catering and supermarket placement. Nudlez's initial strategy will be focused within Washington, commencing in Seattle then within 18 months expansion into Spokane and the Vancouver/Portland metropolis. Beginning with company owned NVU's and central production facilities, rapid expansion will then be achieved through franchising in essay all target areas.
NVU production will be outsourced to a manufacturer in Seattle and manuscript paper, has been estimated at $12,500 per NVU. Each city will have company owned NVU's, shops, a central kitchen premises and support kitchens (hubs). Product Production and principle population, Preparation. Raw product has been sourced from selected Seattle suppliers. Bolding! It is a competitive quality market, with room for a number of suppliers to diversify risk. The secret to Nudlez' fast delivery to the customer from moment of order is the blanching and preparation process of the essay population, raw product at the central kitchen premises and essays on dulce et decorum est by, hub sites. This will be overseen by our master-chef teams, adhering to strict health regulations. All ordering, stocking and quality controls will be managed on essay population an in-house computer based system enabling usage patterns to be monitored maintaining ordering efficiency and minimizing wastage.
A unique system for NVU and store restocking, the Nudle-Rac is currently under design. Essentially providing completely removable internal sectioning to the refrigerators to essay about spam hold the different meals available, it is spring-loaded so that when one meal is removed, the next meal raises to the top for easy access. At the beginning of each day, a franchisee will arrive at their support kitchen where the Nudle-Rac, preloaded with the day's meals, will be loaded directly into the NVU's fridge without having to remove the NVU from the van providing an efficient stocking system and minimizing the time meals spend out of refrigeration. Population! For large catering events, support vans will provide additional pre-stocked Nudle-Racs to onsite NVU's. It is Nudlez objective to be acquired by essays est by wilfred owen, another fast food company within five years by posting large revenues and a substantial EBITDA. Additionally, merger options, as well as an IPO may be considered at population that time. 6.1 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE.
Nudlez will be lead by Bill Cook, CEO. He will report to the founders and investors, which will make up the board. The CEO will oversee the CFO, CIO, Food and Human Resources departments. With over 80 years of sythesis sector diverse, international strategic and operational combined experience, professionally qualified and with energetic personalities critical to ensuring the Nudlez values, the owners and the management provide the skills to deliver: Bill Cook has run start-up business operations, with broad management skills Dan Billings has owned and managed 2 successful restaurants and an advertising firm David Noor is a financial wiz with broad entrepreneurial appreciation Angela Gates is not your typical CIO, with a creative flair and essay, eye for efficiency Sheila Arch brings the of drugs, important HR skills combined with a marketing bent. Bill Cook - CEO Director (Systems, Strategy Finance) Bill is essay, a Seattle boy, born and applied ethics, bred, with an intimate knowledge of the cultural and principle, niche diversities of Seattle. Originally with an honors degree in Civil Engineering, Bill worked in the Seattle construction industry from the difference manuscript and research, 80's boom time through the recession of the principle population, early 90's. Essay About! From there he traveled overseas working in such places as the UK, Bosnia (during the war), Romania and Holland. The bulk of his experience in these eight years centered on strategic management of start-up ventures. These ranged from establishing critical engineering support facilities for the UN in Bosnia, to expending Shell's retail network across Eastern Europe, to property development ventures in Romania.
Bill returned to Seattle in essay population 20XX to utilize this broad strategic experience on home soil, initially focusing on the property sector. Bill has known Dan for over 20 years and quickly assessed the potential of about his Nudlez idea, convincing Dan that rapid expansion was key to securing the market niche. Bill graduated his MBA with High Distinction in 20XX. Dan Billings - Director (Marketing Food Technology) After a successful career in advertising culminating in the establishment of his own Seattle based agency, Dan entered the hospitality industry. His first venture, Pad Real Thai, a Thai restaurant and takeaway situated on bustling Pine Street, was an essay population instant hit. Sythesis Of Drugs! An innovative and funky menu, supported with clever marketing (including the use of population real Bangkok Pad's for delivery vehicles) saw the business achieve critical acclaim. Rave reviews in Short Black and Cheap Eats to name a few, were followed by televised appearances on 'Seattle Weekly' and Seattle's Food Lover's Guide. A second Pad restaurant opened in Bellevue, and was awarded the prestigious 'Bent Fork award.
Dan sold the of the, Pad enterprise in 20XX to pursue business interests in Thailand. It was here, while enjoying Bangkok's vibrant street food culture, where the Nudlez concept was born. Dan has a degree in essay population Science from the University of Washington. In the sythesis, long term, the employee/income ratio will be approximately $125,000 per employee. Nudlez will run a lean operation with an emphasis on sales and food production. In years two and three the sales staff will grow from 20 to 110 people, and the production staff will grow from 12 to 277 people. Administration will grow as needed. Nudlez will require $1,500,000 from an investor. The funds will be used primarily for the completion of one central and five suburban meal production facilities.
The funds will be expected in two rounds, $750,000 to begin operations, and population, a further $750,000 seven months later (four months after revenues have commenced). The investor's $1,500,000 will be structured as a redeemable note, convertible to 15% shareholding in Nudlez at the end of year-3. Alternatively, redemption can be done at this time providing a return of manuscript paper $3,450,000 (2.3 times investment), equating to a compound annual return of approximately 32%. Essay Principle! The end of essay year-3 is essay, good point for possible investor exit, as decisions on product expansion into sythesis, supermarkets will be made at this time. Funds will be used to initially finish development of the NVU and to establish fit out central premises in Seattle, including IT infrastructure. 5 hubs and 5 sites will initially be established in Seattle, following that expansion into Vancouver/Portland and Spokane will begin. 7.3 INCOME STATEMENT PROJECTIONS. Nudlez will be profitable by the end of its first fiscal year, as shown in the attached financial statements. The business will grow dramatically in years two and three. Break Even Analysis.
A break even analysis, assuming zero catering and acquisition stores, reveals less than 100 meals per NVU and essay principle, 150 per bolding store need to be sold per trading day to achieve break even. Number of average rain days for the 3 cities is 12 per month. This equates to approximately 40% of the month, which we have conservatively applied, despite its low probability. The conservatism also allows for principle population logistics accidents, staff truancy, etc. to arrive at essay 13 trading days/month for NVU's. (Exclude catering) Total employment in the expanded Seattle CBD areas is estimated at over 350,000. Nudlez expects to principle capture less than 2% of this daily market from CBD NVU's and stores Seattle and Portland/Vancouver are similar sized markets, with Spokane being approximately half the size. Revenue estimates reflect these ratios. Gen-1 and first Gen-2 NVU, testing and development costs totaling around $75,000 already spent by inventor are not included in financials. First Gen-2 NVU will obtain homologation, meaning that the design has blanket pre-approval with local government, reducing time and applied ethics, cost for individual site permits. First 10 NVU's cost $125,000, including homologation. Wastage is estimated at 15% across all food related product (validated in Seattle trials). This will reduce once the essay, 'Nudle-Rac' and associated IT systems are in bolding on resume place Training, Quality Management Systems and Franchise Operations Manuals will be completed effectively for $220,000 by the end of year 1.
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