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Evaluation Matrix For Masters Thesis

Masters thesis evaluation matrix

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Evaluation Matrix For Masters Thesis

Best Resume Formats 47+ Free Samples, Examples, Format Download! A Resume Template is an extremely important document which is used in the case when a person or an applicant is applying for a job, a volunteership, an internship, an educational course or any other thing. The resume lists down the various details about the candidate such as his/her name, address, phone number, email address, academic details, work experience, skills and qualities etc. Unlock A Great Career Ahead With A Perfect Resume. Your resume is your primary representative in the career world. Whether you are about to kick-start your career fresh out of your grad or planning a job change, a resume is evaluation, always needed when you are applying for employment. It’s the conservation resources first thing that your prospective employer will see about you and hence your CV has this duty to present you in thesis, the best possible light. On Thomas Presidency? 44 Modern Resume Templates Bundle for $69. Stunning Resume Template Bundle for evaluation matrix, Job seekers $30. Modern Resume / CV Templates Bundle. Latest Chartered Accountant Resume Word Format Free Download.

This resume template is one of the best options which you can easily download and essay customize to recreate an masters thesis evaluation, Accountant’s resume. If you’re a job-applicant for an accountancy job position, this easily customizable resume template is postal resume, your best bet! Regardless of thesis whether you’re experienced or a fresher, this template has ample space available to let accommodate all details. It’s an edgy sample professional resume template that could be customized for any profession. On Thomas Jefferson? The column structure helps you to separate the work related details from the evaluation contact data in a precise manner. This booklet style sample professional portfolio resume format renders a state of the russian art appeal that is sure to masters thesis evaluation, catch the fancy of your potential employers. You will love the customizable columns. Professional Portfolio Resume Format Template Download. If you are looking for a true professional resume format, this portfolio template would be right for you with its neat clean segregation of all the postal resume major pointers of your resume. If you are looking for a minimalist cv format, this Swiss style resume would be handy with its sleek contemporary design- offering a simple yet smart look for all the major sections in your CV.

There are two Resume optional pages. Masters Evaluation Matrix? Sample Resume Format Template Download. You are getting a bright editable resume format here with beautiful distribution of colors against a white background. The scale graph for of water, the skills surely offers an edgy touch to the overall resume. If you need ideas on a resume cover letter format, this art director resume cover letter would provide some idea on the arrangement.

You are also getting a resume and portfolio template here. Creative Resume Format Download Free. The most interesting bit of the masters downloadable resume is the online mfa creative writing “Quick Facts” section that offers a sneak peek on masters thesis evaluation your great abilities as soon as one starts with your resume. It follows a neat format overall with separate sections for education, experience, skills interests. On Thomas? Professional Graphic Designer Resume Format.

If you are looking for a curriculum vitae format that will you to detail on the profile section, this one would be handy for you. The right side is about your career summary and major projects handled while the space below is for your skills. InfoGraphic Style Resume Format Download. If you are looking for masters evaluation, cutting edge resume format examples, this Infographic-style resume would be a grand one for essay on old, you to detail your profile. Thesis Evaluation Matrix? It has also used funky scale-o-meters for your skills. Swiss Resume PSD Format Template Download. Examples Outline? When you need ideas on experience resume format, this resume here would be great with its elaborate space to note your prolonged career summary. The right side is about your personal information and skills. Modern Resume Format Free Download. If you are planning a contemporary resume format download, this modern resume template has got the answer for masters matrix, you. Examples Informative Essay? It allows you to masters thesis evaluation matrix, detail about your profile at left followed by contact information while the essay on old right side is about skills, experiences achievements.

Business Format Resume Template Download. Here comes a basic resume format for any business or freelancing activities that you are in. It begins with your picture, profile and personal information at thesis, the left while the right is about your education, work experience skills. 4 Set Creative #038; Professional Resume Formats. You are getting a set of as many 4 true professional and creative resume models where you can include a pie-chart instead of text to talk about your skills.

The overall template follows a very urbane feel. The red white combination looks classy and the printable resume here does a smart job by creating enclosed box-headings for examples informative essay, each of the masters thesis evaluation matrix sections. It allows you to include several fields to ensure a comprehensive view on your abilities. Designer Resume Photoshop Format Template Download. You have here a catchy resume format free download for designer resumes where you have both cover letter and portfolio along with the resume. Russian Contest? All of them have followed a neat contemporary look. SAP FI Module Resume Format Template.

This mba resume format follows a simple yet functional approach without much ornamentation and speaks right to the point- with highlights on only the major pointers like SAP skills professional experience. Sample Designer Resume Format Template. If you are looking for masters thesis matrix, a simple resume format for your designer resume, this minimalist resume here would be handy for you. It just states your profile and the prolonged career summary- the most important thing of your resume. Btech Freshers Resume Format Template. Banking Investment Resume Format Template.

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1 Year Experience Resume Format free Download. Resume or Curriculum Vitae Writing Proforma Format. Example of Student Resume Format Download. A resume format is usually chronological but over time functional and combination resume formats have emerged as well. Here is a brief on matrix all the 3 formats. It’s the traditional resume format where employment history is listed in the reverse order- commencing with the current one to the oldest or first job. Informative Essay Outline? The tried tested format is a favorite of the masters evaluation matrix HR professionals hiring managers all around.

The chronological format will allow the candidate to showcase his upward mobility in essay jefferson presidency, the career. It would be useful for specialist mid-level applicants. You must follow the chronological resume when. You have to portray a vertical progression in your career You more or less had a consistent career with no such big work-experience gaps in evaluation matrix, between You are planning a change of company but in of an informative outline, similar trade. Masters Matrix? The functional resume format focuses mostly on the skills of the conservation of water essay applicant rather than his work experiences. Evaluation? Unlike the conventional chronological format, this one ignores when where the applicant performed or learned those skills. It’s the fact that the candidate holds those skills relevant to clerk, the specific job opening, is masters thesis, highlighted in the functional format. The functional format would be useful for you when- You need to essay jefferson, create a Fresher Resume Format Templates with no previous work experience but when you are confident about masters thesis, your skills You have big gaps in your career history You are looking forward to promote a particular skill set. Russian Essay? As the evaluation name suggests, combination resume focuses on a fusion of the traditional chronological functional resumes. Such a resume would usually start with professional profile/summary of qualifications which will include your skills, abilities achievements that are pertinent to the specific job opening you are applying for- it’s for russian contest, the functional side.

The introductory section would be followed by job experience, education (B.E) additional related sections in evaluation matrix, the reverse chronological format. Such a resume would be great when- You are looking forward to highlight a well-developed relevant skill set You have mastered your art You are planning a switch to another industry. For example, let’s say you are working as an investment banker but you are really good at cartoons or conceptual sketching- such artistic skills would be a wealth for advertising industry in case you are planning to turn your hobbies into your profession. Formatting a resume is no rocket science but you have to be really strategic with the overall planning. As mentioned earlier, the essay on old age home traditional chronological approach is relevant when you are proud of the masters matrix upward mobility that you have attained in your career. Resume? If you are a person with huge or at least some professional experience in your industry- the masters thesis evaluation matrix chronological style would be the proper resume format for you.

The best resume format for essay, a functional resume strategically groups the key skills abilities of the candidate in various categories to explain his eligibility expertise for some particular job. The skill-based focus will enable you to pull the prospective employer’s attention on masters your strength which would in online, turn divert the focus from your absent or flawed employment record. For example, let’s say you are applying for the position of a sales manager in a MNC with an international market- and in such a case your functional resume would stress on categories with headings like “team building leadership expertise”, “fluency in foreign languages” etc. In some of cases, the functional resume is completely devoid of the employment history. Even if it is matrix, mentioned, it appears at the very bottom of the resume or in the next page to de-stress on clerk its importance. Thesis Matrix? When you are planning a combination resume , you have to commence with your key qualifications skills. You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to the job application here. The strategy here is to postal resume, fill up 80-85% of your resume with your skills talents and the rest 15-20 percent would be about your career history. Unlike the functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. Make sure it’s easy to read Use bullet points and adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about your skills under same category and double-spacing before the start of evaluation matrix another category.

Use contextual keywords relevant to essay, your job position industry. Use formal fonts and the font size should be 14 for headings and 12 for the rest. You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc. Masters Matrix? Begin the postal clerk resume with summary sentence so that the hiring manager can have a blue-print of your skills abilities at a glance. Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to the relevant job opening. Masters? Focus on quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures.

No grammar mistake or typo error is allowed in russian essay contest, your resume. Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at handling big teams for crucial projects”. Don’t use informal email ids in contact details. Don’t use chronological resume when you have big gaps in your career. Don’t include irrelevant personal hobbies. No lengthy resume. Evaluation? Don’t lie in essay on old age home, your resume and be honest.

When you are looking for best resume format examples, we at template.net are ready to help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and a professional tone but it may not be possible for everyone to evaluation, get it right. Essay? Thus one can make use of a resume format. A resume format is thesis, a detailed layout and format of a resume which can be used by those who are confused about the format of such a formal document. A resume format is divided into sections and categories in the exact same way as needed in a resume. It gives the users a reference point of view and idea of how a professional Resume Templates must look like. Resume formats may also be provided with the main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for better use and reference of the users. What makes a resume format the best resume format is the manner in which it is drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to the user. It must be time saving for the user to examples of an outline, use and masters thesis matrix customize and should also be self-explanatory. The following are some of the contents of a resume format which truly make it ‘best’: What is the format of a CV?(100 Words) When it comes to CV, it has to be professional.

There are different types of CV possible depending on writing the purpose of masters evaluation matrix its use and the expectation of the russian essay contest targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of CVs will have different formats. For example, CV for applying in an IT firm would be different from a CV to apply for masters matrix, a marketing company. On Thomas Jefferson Presidency? Instead of taking the risk of designing CV format yourself, it is better to download for sample CV collection. For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and you can choose the evaluation best one that appeals to you and fill in russian essay, the details to send it out. What kind of Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of resume available. They are chronological, functional, combinational and thesis targeted. Clerk? Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the data sequentially for the employers to find them easily at the very first glance. Masters Thesis Matrix? In case you have some lapse in your work and study, then it is better to use a functional resume to contest, cover it up skillfully. Evaluation? Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and your work history matters more than basic data.

Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to spend more time preparing it. Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and of an informative essay some samples to make a perfect resume yourself. Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats. If the job requirement is for freshers only, employers would like to receive chronological resumes as the data and information about the candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to locate required information easily. But in the case of hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and skills get the priority. Evaluation Matrix? But in general, employers prefer chronological resume format. Therefore, you need to download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to russian essay, apply in masters matrix, IT firm and then based on the job requirements, you have to form the resume that the employers would prefer the most. To write a resume, you have to on old age home, collect all the masters thesis evaluation required data and information about you in essay, one place. Then you have to download some sample resumes and masters thesis matrix resume templates as per the purpose of the resume. For example, if you are applying in an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for jefferson presidency, a post of HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates.

After downloading them, open them and evaluation matrix start filling the details. If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to omit and delete them. You should refer to sample resume for checking out how exactly to fill the data and information to look impressive. Essay On Thomas? what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the four different types of resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of years. On the other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at least experience of working in thesis evaluation matrix, two and more companies. Age Home? Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and has done many internships in the past.

There are multiple formats available in these two categories and masters evaluation one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the most used resumes in the world. In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the essay recent to the earliest format. For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by the college degree and masters thesis matrix then at last school qualification. Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in clerk resume, the end, you can have your internships. This is the masters most preferred Writer Resumes format by essay on old age home, the employers as it is easy for them to get a snapshot of everything very quickly in their mind.

There are various types of chronological formats available and you should download freshers resume format templates to get all the variations and choose the best.

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Masters Thesis Evaluation Matrix

How to Write a Great Business Plan. Every seasoned investor knows that detailed financial projections for a new company are an act of imagination. Evaluation? Nevertheless, most business plans pour far too much ink on the numbers–and far too little on the information that really matters. Why? William Sahlman suggests that a great business plan is one that focuses on a series of questions.

These questions relate to resume the four factors critical to the success of every new venture: the people, the masters matrix, opportunity, the context, and the possibilities for both risk and reward. The questions about people revolve around three issues: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known? As for opportunity, the plan should focus on two questions: Is the contest, market for the venture’s product or service large or rapidly growing (or preferably both)? and Is the industry structurally attractive? Then, in addition to demonstrating an understanding of the context in which their venture will operate, entrepreneurs should make clear how they will respond when that context inevitably changes. Finally, the plan should look unflinchingly at the risks the new venture faces, giving would-be backers a realistic idea of what magnitude of reward they can expect and when they can expect it. A great business plan is not easy to compose, Sahlman acknowledges, largely because most entrepreneurs are wild-eyed optimists.

But one that asks the right questions is a powerful tool. Masters? A better deal, not to mention a better shot at success, awaits entrepreneurs who use it. Few areas of business attract as much attention as new ventures, and few aspects of new-venture creation attract as much attention as the business plan. Countless books and articles in essay on old, the popular press dissect the masters thesis evaluation matrix, topic. A growing number of annual business-plan contests are springing up across the United States and, increasingly, in other countries. Both graduate and undergraduate schools devote entire courses to the subject.

Indeed, judging by all the hoopla surrounding business plans, you would think that the only things standing between a would-be entrepreneur and spectacular success are glossy five-color charts, a bundle of meticulous-looking spreadsheets, and a decade of month-by-month financial projections. Nothing could be further from the truth. In my experience with hundreds of entrepreneurial startups, business plans rank no higher than 2—on a scale from 1 to 10—as a predictor of a new venture’s success. Clerk Resume? And sometimes, in fact, the more elaborately crafted the document, the more likely the venture is to, well, flop, for lack of a more euphemistic word. What’s wrong with most business plans? The answer is relatively straightforward. Most waste too much ink on numbers and devote too little to the information that really matters to matrix intelligent investors.

As every seasoned investor knows, financial projections for a new company—especially detailed, month-by-month projections that stretch out for more than a year—are an examples of an essay act of imagination. An entrepreneurial venture faces far too many unknowns to predict revenues, let alone profits. Moreover, few if any entrepreneurs correctly anticipate how much capital and time will be required to accomplish their objectives. Typically, they are wildly optimistic, padding their projections. Investors know about the padding effect and therefore discount the figures in business plans. These maneuvers create a vicious circle of inaccuracy that benefits no one. Don’t misunderstand me: business plans should include some numbers. But those numbers should appear mainly in masters, the form of a business model that shows the entrepreneurial team has thought through the key drivers of the venture’s success or failure. In manufacturing, such a driver might be the mfa creative writing, yield on thesis evaluation matrix a production process; in magazine publishing, the anticipated renewal rate; or in software, the impact of using various distribution channels.

The model should also address the essay on thomas jefferson presidency, break-even issue: At what level of masters thesis, sales does the business begin to make a profit? And even more important, When does cash flow turn positive? Without a doubt, these questions deserve a few pages in postal, any business plan. Thesis Matrix? Near the back. What goes at the front?

What information does a good business plan contain? If you want to speak the language of investors—and also make sure you have asked yourself the right questions before setting out on the most daunting journey of a businessperson’s career—I recommend basing your business plan on online mfa creative writing the framework that follows. Masters Matrix? It does not provide the kind of “winning” formula touted by some current how-to books and software programs for russian essay contest, entrepreneurs. Nor is it a guide to brain surgery. Rather, the framework systematically assesses the four interdependent factors critical to every new venture: The People. The men and women starting and running the venture, as well as the thesis evaluation matrix, outside parties providing key services or important resources for it, such as its lawyers, accountants, and suppliers. The Opportunity.

A profile of the business itself—what it will sell and to whom, whether the business can grow and how fast, what its economics are, who and what stand in essay, the way of masters thesis matrix, success. The Context. The big picture—the regulatory environment, interest rates, demographic trends, inflation, and the like—basically, factors that inevitably change but cannot be controlled by the entrepreneur. Risk and Reward. An assessment of everything that can go wrong and right, and a discussion of how the resources essay, entrepreneurial team can respond.

Business Plans: For Entrepreneurs Only? The accompanying article talks mainly about thesis, business plans in a familiar context, as a tool for entrepreneurs. Clerk Resume? But quite often, start-ups are launched within established companies. Do those new ventures require business plans? And if they do, should they be different from the plans entrepreneurs put together? The answer to the first question is an emphatic yes; the answer to the second, an equally emphatic no. All new ventures—whether they are funded by venture capitalists or, as is the case with intrapreneurial businesses, by shareholders—need to pass the same acid tests. After all, the masters, marketplace does not differentiate between products or services based on online writing who is pouring money into them behind the scenes. The fact is, intrapreneurial ventures need every bit as much analysis as entrepreneurial ones do, yet they rarely receive it. Instead, inside big companies, new businesses get proposed in the form of capital-budgeting requests.

These faceless documents are subject to detailed financial scrutiny and a consensus-building process, as the project wends its way through the chain of masters thesis matrix, command, what I call the “neutron bomb” model of project governance. Informative? However, in thesis matrix, the history of such proposals, a plan never has been submitted that did not promise returns in excess of corporate hurdle rates. It is only after the new business is launched that these numbers explode at the organization’s front door. That problem could be avoided in large part if intrapreneurial ventures followed the postal clerk, guidelines set out in the accompanying article. For instance, business plans for such a venture should begin with the résumés of all the people involved. Evaluation Matrix? What has the team done in essay on thomas jefferson, the past that would suggest it would be successful in the future, and so on? In addition, the new venture’s product or service should be fully analyzed in thesis matrix, terms of its opportunity and context. Going through the process forces a kind of discipline that identifies weaknesses and strengths early on and helps managers address both. It also helps enormously if such discipline continues after the intrapreneurial venture lifts off.

When professional venture capitalists invest in new companies, they track performance as a matter of course. Conservation Of Water Essay? But in large companies, scrutiny of a new venture is often inconsistent. That shouldn’t or needn’t be the case. A business plan helps managers ask such questions as: How is the new venture doing relative to projections? What decisions has the team made in response to new information? Have changes in the context made additional funding necessary? How could the thesis matrix, team have predicted those changes? Such questions not only keep a new venture running smoothly but also help an organization learn from its mistakes and triumphs. Many successful companies have been built with the help of venture capitalists. Essay? Many of the underlying opportunities could have been exploited by large companies.

Why weren’t they? Perhaps useful lessons can be learned by thesis, studying the world of independent ventures, one lesson being: Write a great business plan. The assumption behind the framework is that great businesses have attributes that are easy to identify but hard to contest assemble. Thesis Evaluation Matrix? They have an experienced, energetic managerial team from the top to the bottom. The team’s members have skills and examples experiences directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing. Ideally, they will have worked successfully together in the past. The opportunity has an attractive, sustainable business model; it is possible to create a competitive edge and defend it. Many options exist for evaluation matrix, expanding the scale and scope of the mfa creative, business, and masters thesis these options are unique to the enterprise and its team. Value can be extracted from the business in a number of ways either through a positive harvest event—a sale—or by scaling down or liquidating. The context is favorable with respect to both the regulatory and the macro-economic environments. Risk is understood, and the team has considered ways to mitigate the impact of difficult events.

In short, great businesses have the four parts of the framework completely covered. If only resume reality were so neat. When I receive a business plan, I always read the résumé section first. Not because the people part of the new venture is the masters thesis evaluation matrix, most important, but because without the right team, none of the essay contest, other parts really matters. I read the masters thesis, résumés of the venture’s team with a list of questions in mind. (See the insert “Who Are These People, Anyway?”) All these questions get at the same three issues about the venture’s team members: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known? Fourteen “Personal” Questions Every Business Plan Should Answer. Where are the founders from?

Where have they been educated? Where have they worked—and for whom? What have they accomplished—professionally and personally—in the past? What is of water essay, their reputation within the business community? What experience do they have that is masters thesis matrix, directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing? What skills, abilities, and knowledge do they have? How realistic are they about the venture’s chances for success and the tribulations it will face? Who else needs to be on the team? Are they prepared to recruit high-quality people? How will they respond to adversity?

Do they have the mettle to make the inevitable hard choices that have to essay be made? How committed are they to this venture? What are their motivations? What and matrix whom they know are matters of insight and experience. Russian Essay? How familiar are the masters matrix, team members with industry players and dynamics? Investors, not surprisingly, value managers who have been around the block a few times. Essay Contest? A business plan should candidly describe each team member’s knowledge of the new venture’s type of evaluation matrix, product or service; its production processes; and the market itself, from competitors to customers.

It also helps to indicate whether the essay contest, team members have worked together before. Masters Thesis Evaluation? Not played—as in roomed together in college—but worked . Investors also look favorably on a team that is known because the real world often prefers not to deal with start-ups. They’re too unpredictable. That changes, however, when the new company is run by people well known to suppliers, customers, and employees. Their enterprise may be brand new, but they aren’t. The surprise element of working with a start-up is somewhat ameliorated. Finally, the essay contest, people part of a business plan should receive special care because, simply stated, that’s where most intelligent investors focus their attention. A typical professional venture-capital firm receives approximately 2,000 business plans per year. These plans are filled with tantalizing ideas for new products and services that will change the world and reap billions in masters evaluation, the process—or so they say. But the fact is, most venture capitalists believe that ideas are a dime a dozen: only execution skills count.

As Arthur Rock, a venture capital legend associated with the formation of such companies as Apple, Intel, and Teledyne, states, “I invest in people, not ideas.” Rock also has said, “If you can find good people, if they’re wrong about the product, they’ll make a switch, so what good is it to understand the product that they’re talking about in the first place?” Business plan writers should keep this admonition in mind as they craft their proposal. Talk about the people—exhaustively. And if there is nothing solid about resume, their experience and evaluation abilities to herald, then the entrepreneurial team should think again about launching the venture. When it comes to clerk resume the opportunity itself, a good business plan begins by focusing on masters matrix two questions: Is the total market for the venture’s product or service large, rapidly growing, or both? Is the conservation of water, industry now, or can it become, structurally attractive? Entrepreneurs and evaluation matrix investors look for large or rapidly growing markets mainly because it is often easier to obtain a share of essay on old age home, a growing market than to masters thesis matrix fight with entrenched competitors for a share of a mature or stagnant market. Smart investors, in fact, try hard to resources identify high-growth-potential markets early in their evolution: that’s where the big payoffs are.

And, indeed, many will not invest in masters, a company that cannot reach a significant scale (that is, $ 50 million in annual revenues) within five years. HBR Guide to Building Your Business Case Ebook + Tools. As for conservation of water resources, attractiveness, investors are obviously looking for markets that actually allow businesses to make some money. But that’s not the no-brainer it seems. In the late 1970s, the computer disk-drive business looked very attractive. The technology was new and exciting. Dozens of companies jumped into masters, the fray, aided by an army of professional investors. Twenty years later, however, the on old, thrill is gone for managers and masters thesis investors alike. Disk drive companies must design products to meet the perceived needs of essay on thomas, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and end users. Selling a product to OEMs is complicated.

The customers are large relative to most of their suppliers. Evaluation Matrix? There are lots of competitors, each with similar high-quality offerings. Moreover, product life cycles are short and ongoing technology investments high. The industry is subject to major shifts in technology and customer needs. Intense rivalry leads to essay age home lower prices and, hence, lower margins. In short, the thesis evaluation matrix, disk drive industry is simply not set up to make people a lot of essay on old, money; it’s a structural disaster area. The information services industry, by contrast, is paradise. Matrix? Companies such as Bloomberg Financial Markets and on old First Call Corporation, which provide data to the financial world, have virtually every competitive advantage on their side.

First, they can assemble or create proprietary content—content that, by the way, is like life’s blood to thousands of money managers and stock analysts around the masters thesis evaluation matrix, world. And although it is often expensive to develop the service and to acquire initial customers, once up and running, these companies can deliver content to customers very cheaply. Online Mfa Creative Writing? Also, customers pay in masters matrix, advance of examples informative outline, receiving the service, which makes cash flow very handsome, indeed. In short, the structure of the information services industry is beyond attractive: it’s gorgeous. The profit margins of Bloomberg and First Call put the disk drive business to shame.

The Opportunity of masters thesis, a Lifetime—or Is It? Nine Questions About the on thomas presidency, Business Every Business Plan Should Answer. Who is the thesis matrix, new venture’s customer? How does the customer make decisions about buying this product or service? To what degree is the product or service a compelling purchase for online mfa creative writing, the customer? How will the product or service be priced? How will the venture reach all the identified customer segments? How much does it cost (in time and resources) to masters thesis matrix acquire a customer? How much does it cost to produce and deliver the product or service? How much does it cost to support a customer?

How easy is it to retain a customer? Thus, the first step for entrepreneurs is to make sure they are entering an industry that is large and/or growing, and one that’s structurally attractive. The second step is to make sure their business plan rigorously describes how this is the case. And if it isn’t the case, their business plan needs to specify how the venture will still manage to make enough of a profit that investors (or potential employees or suppliers, for essay, that matter) will want to thesis participate. Once it examines the new venture’s industry, a business plan must describe in detail how the company will build and launch its product or service into examples of an informative outline, the marketplace. Again, a series of questions should guide the discussion. Thesis Evaluation? (See the insert “The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It?”) Often the answers to on thomas presidency these questions reveal a fatal flaw in the business. I’ve seen entrepreneurs with a “great” product discover, for example, that it’s simply too costly to find customers who can and will buy what they are selling. Economically viable access to customers is the key to business, yet many entrepreneurs take the Field of Dreams approach to this notion: build it, and they will come. That strategy works in the movies but is not very sensible in the real world.

It is thesis, not always easy to answer questions about the likely consumer response to new products or services. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. Of An Informative Essay Outline? (Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell?) One entrepreneur I know proposed to introduce an electronic news-clipping service. He made his pitch to a prospective venture-capital investor who rejected the plan, stating, “I just don’t think the dogs will eat the dog food.” Later, when the entrepreneur’s company went public, he sent the venture capitalist an anonymous package containing an empty can of dog food and a copy of his prospectus. If it were easy to masters thesis evaluation matrix predict what people will buy, there wouldn’t be any opportunities. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell?

Similarly, it is tough to guess how much people will pay for essay presidency, something, but a business plan must address that topic. Sometimes, the dogs will eat the dog food, but only at a price less than cost. Investors always look for opportunities for value pricing—that is, markets in which the costs to produce the product are low, but consumers will still pay a lot for it. No one is thesis evaluation matrix, dying to invest in a company when margins are skinny. Still, there is money to be made in inexpensive products and services—even in commodities. A business plan must demonstrate that careful consideration has been given to the new venture’s pricing scheme. The list of questions about the new venture’s opportunity focuses on essay on thomas presidency the direct revenues and the costs of producing and matrix marketing a product.

That’s fine, as far as it goes. Russian Contest? A sensible proposal, however, also involves assessing the business model from a perspective that takes into account the investment required—that is, the balance sheet side of the equation. Masters Thesis Matrix? The following questions should also be addressed so that investors can understand the cash flow implications of russian essay contest, pursuing an opportunity: When does the business have to buy resources, such as supplies, raw materials, and evaluation matrix people? When does the business have to pay for writing, them? How long does it take to acquire a customer?

How long before the customer sends the business a check? How much capital equipment is required to support a dollar of sales? Investors, of course, are looking for businesses in which management can buy low, sell high, collect early, and pay late. Masters Thesis Matrix? The business plan needs to spell out russian, how close to that ideal the new venture is expected to come. Even if the masters, answer is “not very”—and it usually is—at least the truth is out there to discuss. The opportunity section of a business plan must also bring a few other issues to the surface. First, it must demonstrate and analyze how an essay on old age home opportunity can grow—in other words, how the new venture can expand its range of products or services, customer base, or geographic scope. Often, companies are able to thesis evaluation matrix create virtual pipelines that support the economically viable creation of new revenue streams.

In the publishing business, for example, Inc. magazine has expanded its product line to essay on old include seminars, books, and videos about entrepreneurship. Similarly, building on the success of its personal-finance software program Quicken, Intuit now sells software for electronic banking, small-business accounting, and thesis tax preparation, as well as personal-printing supplies and on-line information services—to name just a few of its highly profitable ancillary spin-offs. Now, lots of business plans runneth over on the subject of the new venture’s potential for resume, growth and expansion. But they should likewise runneth over in explaining how they won’t fall into some common opportunity traps. One of those has already been mentioned: industries that are at their core structurally unattractive. But there are others. The world of invention, for example, is fraught with danger. Over the past 15 years, I have seen scores of individuals who have devised a better mousetrap—newfangled creations from inflatable pillows for use on airplanes to automated car-parking systems. Few of these idea-driven companies have really taken off, however. Masters Thesis Evaluation Matrix? I’m not entirely sure why.

Sometimes, the inventor refuses to spend the money required by essay, or share the rewards sufficiently with the business side of the company. Other times, inventors become so preoccupied with their inventions they forget the customer. Evaluation Matrix? Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of malfunctioning. Another opportunity trap that business plans—and entrepreneurs in general—need to on thomas pay attention to matrix is the tricky business of arbitrage. Basically, arbitrage ventures are created to take advantage of some pricing disparity in the marketplace. MCI Communications Corporation, for online mfa creative writing, instance, was formed to offer long-distance service at a lower price than ATT. Some of the industry consolidations going on today reflect a different kind of arbitrage—the ability to buy small businesses at thesis evaluation, a wholesale price, roll them up together into a larger package, and take them public at a retail price, all without necessarily adding value in the process. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an examples informative essay outline uncanny way of malfunctioning. Taking advantage of arbitrage opportunities is a viable and potentially profitable way to enter a business. In the final analysis, however, all arbitrage opportunities evaporate. It is evaluation, not a question of on old, whether, only when.

The trick in these businesses is to use the arbitrage profits to build a more enduring business model, and business plans must explain how and thesis when that will occur. As for competition, it probably goes without saying that all business plans should carefully and thoroughly cover this territory, yet some don’t. That is online mfa creative writing, a glaring omission. For starters, every business plan should answer the following questions about the competition: Who are the masters matrix, new venture’s current competitors?

What resources do they control? What are their strengths and weaknesses? How will they respond to the new venture’s decision to enter the business? How can the new venture respond to its competitors’ response? Who else might be able to observe and exploit the same opportunity? Are there ways to co-opt potential or actual competitors by forming alliances?

Business is like chess: to be successful, you must anticipate several moves in advance. A business plan that describes an insuperable lead or a proprietary market position is by definition written by naïve people. Examples Informative? That goes not just for the competition section of the business plan but for masters thesis, the entire discussion of the opportunity. All opportunities have promise; all have vulnerabilities. A good business plan doesn’t whitewash the russian essay contest, latter.

Rather, it proves that the entrepreneurial team knows the good, the masters evaluation, bad, and the ugly that the venture faces ahead. Opportunities exist in a context. At one level is the macroeconomic environment, including the level of age home, economic activity, inflation, exchange rates, and interest rates. Thesis? At another level are the wide range of government rules and regulations that affect the opportunity and how resources are marshaled to exploit it. Clerk? Examples extend from tax policy to the rules about raising capital for a private or public company. And at yet another level are factors like technology that define the limits of what a business or its competitors can accomplish. Context often has a tremendous impact on every aspect of the entrepreneurial process, from identification of masters thesis, opportunity to harvest.

In some cases, changes in some contextual factor create opportunity. More than 100 new companies were formed when the airline industry was deregulated in the late 1970s. The context for financing was also favorable, enabling new entrants like People Express to go to the public market for clerk, capital even before starting operations. Conversely, there are times when the context makes it hard to start new enterprises. The recession of the early 1990s combined with a difficult financing environment for masters thesis, new companies: venture capital disbursements were low, as was the amount of capital raised in the public markets. (Paradoxically, those relatively tight conditions, which made it harder for new entrants to get going, were associated with very high investment returns later in the 1990s, as capital markets heated up.) Sometimes, a shift in context turns an unattractive business into an attractive one, and vice versa. Consider the case of presidency, a packaging company some years ago that was performing so poorly it was about to be put on the block. Then came the Tylenol-tampering incident, resulting in multiple deaths. Thesis? The packaging company happened to have an efficient mechanism for installing tamper-proof seals, and in a matter of weeks its financial performance could have been called spectacular. Conversely, U.S. tax reforms enacted in 1986 created havoc for companies in the real estate business, eliminating almost every positive incentive to invest.

Many previously successful operations went out of postal clerk, business soon after the new rules were put in place. Every business plan should contain certain pieces of evidence related to context. First, the entrepreneurs should show a heightened awareness of the matrix, new venture’s context and how it helps or hinders their specific proposal. Writing? Second, and more important, they should demonstrate that they know the venture’s context will inevitably change and describe how those changes might affect the business. Further, the business plan should spell out what management can (and will) do in the event the context grows unfavorable. Finally, the thesis evaluation, business plan should explain the ways (if any) in which management can affect context in a positive way. On Thomas Presidency? For example, management might be able to have an impact on regulations or on industry standards through lobbying efforts. The concept that context is masters thesis, fluid leads directly to essay the fourth leg of the framework I propose: a discussion of risk and how to manage it.

I’ve come to think of a good business plan as a snapshot of an event in the future. Masters? That’s quite a feat to begin with—taking a picture of the essay age home, unknown. But the best business plans go beyond that; they are like movies of the future. They show the people, the opportunity, and the context from multiple angles. They offer a plausible, coherent story of what lies ahead. They unfold possibilities of action and reaction. Good business plans, in other words, discuss people, opportunity, and masters evaluation matrix context as a moving target. All three factors (and the relationship among them) are likely to of water resources change over time as a company evolves from start-up to ongoing enterprise. Therefore, any business plan worth the time it takes to write or read needs to focus attention on the dynamic aspects of the entrepreneurial process. When it comes to the matter of risk and masters thesis evaluation matrix reward in a new venture, a business plan benefits enormously from the inclusion of essay presidency, two graphs.

Perhaps graphs is the masters thesis, wrong word; these are really just schematic pictures that illustrate the most likely relationship between risk and reward, that is, the relationship between the opportunity and its economics. High finance they are not, but I have found both of these pictures say more to investors than a hundred pages of charts and prose. The first picture depicts the amount of age home, money needed to launch the new venture, time to positive cash flow, and the expected magnitude of the payoff. This image helps the investor understand the depth and duration of masters, negative cash flow, as well as the relationship between the investment and the possible return. The ideal, needless to say, is to have cash flow early and often. But most investors are intrigued by jefferson, the picture even when the cash outflow is masters, high and long—as long as the cash inflow is more so. Of course, since the world of new ventures is populated by wild-eyed optimists, you might expect the picture to display a shallower hole and conservation resources a steeper reward slope than it should. Masters Thesis Evaluation? It usually does. But to be honest, even that kind of picture belongs in the business plan because it is a fair warning to investors that the new venture’s team is completely out of touch with reality and should be avoided at all costs.

The second picture complements the first. It shows investors the range of informative outline, possible returns and the likelihood of achieving them. The following example shows investors that there is evaluation matrix, a 15 % chance they would have been better off using their money as wall-paper. Russian Contest? The flat section reveals that there is a negligible chance of matrix, losing only examples a small amount of money; companies either fail big or create enough value to achieve a positive return. The hump in the middle suggests that there is a significant chance of earning between 15 % and 45 % in the same time period. And finally, there is a small chance that the initial outlay of cash will spawn a 200 % internal rate of return, which might have occurred if you had happened to invest in Microsoft when it was a private company. Basically, this picture helps investors determine what class of investment the masters, business plan is presenting. Is the new venture drilling for clerk resume, North Sea oil—highly risky with potentially big payoffs—or is it digging development wells in Texas, which happens to be less of a geological gamble and probably less lucrative, too? This image answers that kind of question. It’s then up to masters evaluation the investors to decide how much risk they want to live with against what kind of odds. Again, the essay on old, people who write business plans might be inclined to skew the picture to make it look as if the probability of a significant return is thesis evaluation matrix, downright huge and the possibility of loss is negligible.

And, again, I would say therein lies the picture’s beauty. What it claims, checked against the investor’s sense of informative essay outline, reality and experience, should serve as a simple pictorial caveat emptor. Of course, the future is hard to thesis evaluation predict. Still, it is possible to give potential investors a sense of the kind and class of risk and reward they are assuming with a new venture. All it takes is a pencil and two simple drawings. (See the insert “Visualizing Risk and Reward.”) But even with these drawings, risk is, well, risky. In reality, there are no immutable distributions of online mfa creative, outcomes. It is ultimately the responsibility of management to masters evaluation matrix change the distribution, to increase the likelihood and outline consequences of success, and to decrease the likelihood and implications of problems. One of the great myths about entrepreneurs is masters evaluation, that they are risk seekers.

All sane people want to avoid risk. As Harvard Business School professor (and venture capitalist) Howard Stevenson says, true entrepreneurs want to capture all the reward and give all the risk to others. The best business is a post office box to which people send cashier’s checks. Yet risk is unavoidable. So what does that mean for a business plan? It means that the plan must unflinchingly confront the risks ahead—in terms of people, opportunity, and context.

What happens if one of the russian contest, new venture’s leaders leaves? What happens if a competitor responds with more ferocity than expected? What happens if there is a revolution in Namibia, the source of masters thesis evaluation matrix, a key raw material? What will management actually do ? Those are hard questions for an entrepreneur to pose, especially when seeking capital. But a better deal awaits those who do pose them and postal clerk then provide solid answers.

A new venture, for masters, example, might be highly leveraged and therefore very sensitive to interest rates. Its business plan would benefit enormously by essay on old, stating that management intends to hedge its exposure through the masters matrix, financial-futures market by purchasing a contract that does well when interest rates go up. That is the equivalent of offering investors insurance. (It also makes sense for essay age home, the business itself.) Finally, one important area in masters thesis, the realm of risk/reward management relates to harvesting. Venture capitalists often ask if a company is “IPOable,” by which they mean, Can the company be taken public at some point in the future? Some businesses are inherently difficult to take public because doing so would reveal information that might harm its competitive position (for example, it would reveal profitability, thereby encouraging entry or angering customers or suppliers). Some ventures are not companies, but rather products—they are not sustainable as independent businesses. One of the greatest myths about entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers.

All sane people want to mfa creative writing avoid risk. Therefore, the business plan should talk candidly about the end of the process. How will the investor eventually get money out of the business, assuming it is successful, even if only marginally so? When professionals invest, they particularly like companies with a wide range of exit options. They like companies that work hard to preserve and enhance those options along the way, companies that don’t, for example, unthinkingly form alliances with big corporations that could someday actually buy them.

Investors feel a lot better about thesis matrix, risk if the venture’s endgame is clerk resume, discussed up front. Masters Matrix? There is an old saying, “If you don’t know where you are going, any road will get you there.” In crafting sensible entrepreneurial strategies, just the opposite is true: you had better know where you might end up and have a map for essay, getting there. A business plan should be the masters thesis evaluation matrix, place where that map is examples informative essay, drawn, for, as every traveler knows, a journey is a lot less risky when you have directions. Once a business plan is masters thesis, written, of course, the goal is to resources land a deal. That is a topic for another article in itself, but I will add a few words here. When I talk to young (and old) entrepreneurs looking to finance their ventures, they obsess about the valuation and masters evaluation terms of the deal they will receive.

Their explicit goal seems to be to minimize the dilution they will suffer in raising capital. On Thomas? Implicitly, they are also looking for investors who will remain as passive as a tree while they go about building their business. On the food chain of investors, it seems, doctors and dentists are best and venture capitalists are worst because of the degree to which the thesis matrix, latter group demands control and mfa creative writing a large share of the masters matrix, returns. That notion—like the essay, idea that excruciatingly detailed financial projections are useful—is nonsense. From whom you raise capital is often more important than the terms.

New ventures are inherently risky, as I’ve noted; what can go wrong will. When that happens, unsophisticated investors panic, get angry, and often refuse to advance the masters matrix, company more money. Postal Clerk? Sophisticated investors, by contrast, roll up their sleeves and help the company solve its problems. Often, they’ve had lots of evaluation matrix, experience saving sinking ships. Resources Essay? They are typically process literate. Thesis Matrix? They understand how to craft a sensible business strategy and a strong tactical plan. They know how to recruit, compensate, and essay on old motivate team members. They are also familiar with the Byzantine ins and outs of going public—an event most entrepreneurs face but once in a lifetime. This kind of know-how is worth the masters thesis matrix, money needed to buy it. There is an old expression directly relevant to entrepreneurial finance: “Too clever by half.” Often, deal makers get very creative, crafting all sorts of payoff and of water essay option schemes.

That usually backfires. My experience has proven again and thesis matrix again that sensible deals have the following six characteristics: They do not blow apart if actual differs slightly from plan. They do not provide perverse incentives that will cause one or both parties to behave destructively. Essay? They are written on a pile of papers no greater than one-quarter inch thick. But even these six simple rules miss an important point.

A deal should not be a static thing, a one-shot document that negotiates the disposition of a lump sum. Thesis Evaluation Matrix? Instead, it is incumbent upon contest entrepreneurs, before they go searching for funding, to think about capital acquisition as a dynamic process—to figure out how much money they will need and when they will need it. How is masters matrix, that accomplished? The trick is for the entrepreneurial team to russian treat the new venture as a series of experiments. Before launching the whole show, launch a little piece of masters evaluation matrix, it. Convene a focus group to test the product, build a prototype and watch it perform, conduct a regional or local rollout of a service. Such an exercise reveals the true economics of the business and can help enormously in determining how much money the new venture actually requires and in what stages. Entrepreneurs should raise enough, and investors should invest enough, capital to fund each major experiment. Experiments, of course, can feel expensive and on thomas presidency risky. But I’ve seen them prevent disasters and help create successes.

I consider it a prerequisite of masters evaluation, putting together a winning deal. Among the examples of an informative, many sins committed by business plan writers is arrogance. In today’s economy, few ideas are truly proprietary. Moreover, there has never been a time in recorded history when the supply of capital did not outrace the supply of opportunity. The true half-life of opportunity is decreasing with the matrix, passage of online mfa creative, time. A business plan must not be an albatross that hangs around the neck of the entrepreneurial team, dragging it into oblivion. Instead, a business plan must be a call for action, one that recognizes management’s responsibility to thesis evaluation fix what is broken proactively and in real time.

Risk is inevitable, avoiding risk impossible. Risk management is the clerk, key, always tilting the venture in favor of reward and thesis away from risk. A plan must demonstrate mastery of the entire entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to essay harvest. It is masters, not a way to resources essay separate unsuspecting investors from their money by hiding the fatal flaw. For in masters, the final analysis, the only one being fooled is the entrepreneur. We live today in the golden age of entrepreneurship. Although Fortune 500 companies have shed 5 million jobs in postal, the past 20 years, the overall economy has added almost 30 million. Many of those jobs were created by entrepreneurial ventures, such as Cisco Systems, Genentech, and Microsoft.

Each of those companies started with a business plan. Is that why they succeeded? There is no knowing for sure. Thesis Evaluation Matrix? But there is little doubt that crafting a business plan so that it thoroughly and candidly addresses the ingredients of success—people, opportunity, context, and the risk/reward picture—is vitally important. Of An Informative Essay Outline? In the absence of a crystal ball, in fact, a business plan built of the masters thesis evaluation matrix, right information and analysis can only be called indispensable.

William A. Sahlman is the Dimitri V. Essay Jefferson? D’Arbeloff-MBA Class of 1955 Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.

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Comparison and Concordance of the New SAT and ACT. New SAT results and concordances are in! But what do they mean? How have scores changed from the old SAT? And how can scores help students determine whether the SAT or ACT should be favored? Compass has analyzed available research and thesis concordances to conservation, create a comparison tool in both chart and matrix table forms below (or access the PDF for mfa creative, easy distribution).

A concordance can help provide comparable scores for masters, the ACT and the redesigned SAT, but a concordance cannot give you guidance about which test you should study for and take. Although many students will find that their SAT and ACT scores intersect somewhere in russian the gray “Judgment Call” band, some may discover that one test is actually better suited to their skills. The release of masters evaluation, March SAT scores and the publication of New SAT concordance tables means that students are armed with more information about the respective merits of the SAT and ACT. Sometimes there are specific reasons why a student prefers one test over essay on old age home another: National Merit requirements, scheduling needs, or a strong negative reaction to a previous testing experience. For most students, however, the question comes down to “where is my time best spent?” Three common situations are: You took the old SAT in January 2016 or earlier and masters evaluation want to know if you are “done.” The concordance tables can help you see where your old SAT score stacks up in comparison to the new SAT and to the ACT. Since retaking an essay jefferson, old SAT is not an matrix, option, you will need to conservation of water, decide on a path forward if you are not satisfied with your scores. The old SAT and redesigned SAT are completely different tests, so you should not favor the New SAT simply because of experience on the old exam. Masters Thesis Evaluation Matrix. Consider taking practice tests for the New SAT and ACT — or use your PSAT as an initial benchmark. You took the New PSAT and have taken a practice or real ACT.

You can use the tables provided on our PSAT post. If you have subsequently taken a New SAT — real or practice — then you should use the information on this page. You have taken both a New SAT and an ACT — real or practice — but are undecided about the best step forward. Use the chart above and tables below to inform your decision. In order to see how ACT and SAT scores compare, we have provided two useful concordance tables. If you have an ACT score, you can use the first table below to examples of an, find comparable scores on thesis evaluation matrix the New SAT and resources essay old SAT. If you have taken the New SAT, the second table gives you a score-by-score comparison with the old SAT and ACT.

These tables are also useful when looking at evaluation matrix, college, scholarship, or NCAA eligibility information that has not yet been updated for the redesigned SAT. Art graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University, where he was the top-ranked liberal arts student in his class. Art pioneered the one-on-one approach to test prep in California in 1989 and co-founded Compass Education Group in 2004 in order to essay, bring the best ideas and tutors into students' homes and computers. Although he has attained perfect scores on all flavors of the SAT and ACT, he is routinely beaten in backgammon. How would you advise a student who got 1550 on masters evaluation the new SAT (reading 40, writing and language 39 and math 38) but got a score of russian essay, 17 on the writing portion. The essay is required at several of the highly competitive schools and I am not sure how they will view this. Do you know if the College Board will allow the writing section to be rescored the way ACT did for students willing to pay a fee for rescoring? Let me answer the most straightforward part first: College Board’s policy is thesis evaluation matrix radically different from ACT’s, and a rescore — in the sense of of an informative, a re-reading or re-grading — is masters matrix not even an option. The only case in which a “score verification” can be requested is in the case of an illegible scan (not illegible handwriting).

There are rare cases where a scan is mangled or the student has completed the essay in conservation of water pen (the scanners are designed to pick up on pencil). Since College Board makes essays available online — sometimes with a delay — it is easy to verify that a student’s essay was readable. Masters Evaluation Matrix. In the case of an essay receiving a total of 17 points, the essay had to have been readable. My advice for a student with a 1550 is to of an, celebrate a great score and thesis evaluation matrix not worry at postal resume, all about the essay. Matrix. College Board has made some good decisions regarding the essay. They have not tried to scale it and pretend that it has more meaning than it does. Outline. They have used a narrow range of scores (1-4 per reader per domain) to avoid overly fine distinctions. They have not tried to build a concordance with the old essay. Masters. In fact, they don’t even total the scores (or they’ve changed their reporting at the last minute). Examples Informative Essay Outline. Scores of 6/6/5 — I’m assuming that things are in that ballpark — are quite respectable. The primary reason for the essay’s existence at this point is the SAT’s use as a statewide exam.

Colleges do not use or do not emphasize the essay scores, and the student will not be disadvantaged by his or her score. Unlike the ACT, College Board will only rescore an masters thesis, essay if it was illegible due to a faint scan. Your student can login and see the essay for russian, herself to see if this is the masters thesis case. Essay On Old Age Home. You could probably take a look at it yourself and judge whether it’s simply a weak essay and therefore a legit 17. Even assuming the 17 is fair, I’d lean towards not bothering retesting when sitting on a 1550. Seems very unlikely that could be a significant tip factor in a denial. Finally, 17 out of 24 really isn’t that bad at thesis evaluation, all. My advice would probably be the same even if the score were in the low teens. I also like to conservation of water resources essay, remind students with 1500+ scores that there are quite certainly many other strong indicators of their writing skill elsewhere in their application. Similar question here…daughter has a 34 ACT but writing score of 24.

New SAT score is 1460 (she didn’t take the writing). She wants to apply to Davidson where they ask for the ACT with writing or SAT. The ACT seems to be the better overall score but I’m worried about the writing score. Thesis Evaluation. (We asked for russian contest, a rescore on the writing but it didn’t change.) Would you advise retaking the ACT with writing to improve the essay score? We are seeing that a 24 is fairly typical for a student in masters your daughter’s score range. The low correlation between Writing and other subject scores means that high Composites are often mixed with lower Writing scores. Your daughter’s score is not in a range where I would recommend a retake — certainly not if the primary goal is raising the Writing score. Say a student took old SAT with 2370 : 800 CR 800 M 770 W. Conservation Of Water. Before this year it would be almost perfect score and comparable to 36 ACT. This year it’s comparable to 1590 new SAT and 35 ACT, it seems less of an accomplishment, is masters matrix it correct?

No, these two sets of scores represent equivalent levels of accomplishment, and a very high level at that. Online Mfa Creative. Both sets of scores are well into the 99th percentile, and the very slight differences between the scores are both a) within the range of measurement error for the tests and b) entirely irrelevant to masters thesis evaluation, colleges. How can someone who can score 2370 and 1590 respectively on old/new have the impression that the lower score is not as impressive? Reminiscent of Spinal Tap (Wonder what Nigel’s score was?): Nigel: The numbers all go to eleven. Look, right across the board, eleven, eleven, eleven and… Marty: Oh, I see. And most amps go up to ten? …[Edited for russian contest, length]

Marty: Why don’t you just make ten louder and make ten be the top number and make that a little louder? Nigel: [pause] These go to eleven. On sample sat put out by masters evaluation matrix board I got a 1380 and on practice act I got a 30. Which test should I take? Thanks. Hi Cherie, you are squarely in online the “Judgment Call” zone based on these scores alone. That means colleges would view a 1380 SAT and matrix 30 ACT as equivalent.

The bad news is that the scores don’t make this decision easy for you or give you clear direction. The good news is that both options are wide open for online, you and equally viable. Also, your situation is quite typical. Most students score similarly on these exams, which underlies why colleges accept both equally. At this point you will want to masters evaluation matrix, ponder a number of questions as you seek to make a decision. These questions may include: Do you feel that both of these scores accurately reflect your ability right now? Was one practice test affected by factors that did not affect the other; do both reflect an equal level of effort when you took them?

What are the more specific strengths and weaknesses reflected in the subscores? Each test has unique elements, e.g. ACT has Science, SAT has Math with no-calculator questions and grid-in questions. Do you have a feel for which test you would prefer and which test would suit you best? Often these instincts become self-fulfilling as you move forward and russian contest continue practicing. The caveat is that sometimes an area that is masters evaluation a relative weakness is clerk resume also an opportunity for significant improvement. What does your personal crystal ball seem to be telling you about on which test you have more potential to improve? How did each test’s unique structure and rhythm feel for you? The SAT begins with a 65 minute Reading section, for example, which is thesis matrix significantly longer than ACT’s Reading section. But many students find SAT Reading to be more reasonably-paced than ACT Reading, and they like to get Reading out of the way up front.

There are many other distinctions like this. On Old Age Home. Which feels more comfortable to thesis evaluation, you? Logistics. Are both tests’ available test dates equally feasible for russian essay, your schedule? Any other special considerations? All the above aside, there is masters evaluation matrix no need to overthink this. In all likelihood you could simply flip a coin or go with your gut, and you would never have any reason to regret whichever decision you make. Essay. The fact that you have taken both practice tests and are visiting blogs and thesis evaluation matrix asking questions indicates you are serious about improving your scores and getting through this process successfully. Please let us know if we can address further questions as you move forward.

Best of luck to you. My son received a 1530 on the March SAT (730 EBRW + 800 Math). The concordance tables puts the score equivalent to a 2230 on on old the old SAT and a 34 on the ACT. However, the individual section scores are concorded as 700 R + 680 W + 800 M, which add up to masters thesis matrix, only 2180 versus the overall 2230 that they list. Also, he scored a 6/6/6 on the essay. My question is can we trust the 2230 number?

Can we trust the 34 on the ACT? How should one decide whether or not to mfa creative, retake the test? Does the 1530 make him less competitive for certain schools? Also, I don’t understand how a 1550 translates to a 2280, a 1540 to a 2260, but a 1530 to masters thesis evaluation matrix, a 2230. Congrats to your son on his excellent March score. Essay. You’ve raised reasonable and tricky questions. I’ll take them out of order. First, you can definitely “trust” the concordances, if for no other reason than because the colleges will trust them.

At the admission committee table in masters matrix 2016-2017, the concordances will be considered gospel and a 1530 new SAT will be “worth” the russian same as a 2230 old SAT or a 34 ACT. Masters Matrix. Put another way, if your son were to try a practice ACT and score lower than 34, we would likely recommend that he pursue and report only the SAT. The good news is that a score of 1530 puts him in the ballpark for full consideration at any of the most selective colleges. See the Competitive Landscape on pp. Clerk. 8-9 of http://www.compassprep.com/compass-guide/ for masters evaluation, more context.

It would not be misguided by any means for you to declare him done with the SAT/ACT at age home, this point and let him move on to focus on other meaningful aspects of his college applications (and his life, for that matter). It is unlikely that he will miss out on opportunities that he otherwise would have had if his SAT verbal score were a bit higher. That said, all of our experience tells us that a student of his profile can often improve his verbal score with only a moderate amount of effort. If your inclination is for him to be especially thorough, you should consider a retake. You might also consider having him try a practice ACT before deciding to retake the SAT. Evaluation Matrix. Our staff would be happy to provide practice tests and a follow-up evaluation to aid your decision. Postal Resume. We also offer private tutoring, in-home or online, though we would recommend only a modest number of evaluation, lessons at most for online mfa creative writing, a student with such a high starting score. It’s quite possible that self-study on his part would be sufficient to raise his verbal score. You have a range of good options here, including doing nothing. There are several explanations for the oddities in the score translations that you’ve noted.

The first is that the SAT, in moving from a 2400 to a 1600 scale, has fewer points on masters thesis the new scale from postal which points on the old scale can be mapped. Therefore gaps (2230 to 2260 to 2280) were inevitable. Second, a shrunken scale results in masters evaluation score compression at the high end; there is a reduced range of possible scores on which high-scoring students can spread out and settle. On the old SAT there were 11 points on the scale from 2300-2400. Postal. On the new SAT, these 11 points map to just five points: 1560-1600.

Finally, the reasons that his individually concorded scores on masters thesis matrix the old SAT (700 R and 680 W) concord lower than his combined 730 EBRW on the new SAT are a) scores are inflated across the clerk resume board from the old to the new based on numerous technical decisions made by the College Board, including the elimination of a guessing penalty and reducing the number of answer choices from 5 to 4, and b) individual scores often concord lower than combined total scores; put simply, fewer students are able to demonstrate commensurate strengths on individual sections (many students have lopsided scores, e.g. Thesis Evaluation. Writing significantly higher than Reading). Thanks, Adam. This is very helpful. However, it raises a follow up question … My son does feel that he can definitely raise his writing score on the new SAT (he got 5 incorrect on Reading, 4 on grammar, and 0 on essay Math). So it is tempting to retake especially since he will be able to use ScoreChoice and leverage his 800 on the Math. However, the next available SAT dates are not the most convenient.

In June, he is taking SAT Chem and masters thesis evaluation SAT Math 2 after completing AP Chem and examples informative AP BC Calc, which only leaves the possibility of October. Any advice? Ah, it’s unfortunate that the masters timing doesn’t work optimally, This is an unfortunate consequence of College Board’s delay in reporting scores for the first administration of a new test. In prior years his March scores would have come back well in time for him to contest, retake on the May test date. Definitely do not mess with his Subject Test plans in June. Masters. I would recommend he invest three hours in an ACT practice test ASAP. If he does as well or better than his March SAT, then he could take the ACT in June a week after his Subject Tests. Otherwise this will need to simmer over the summer and a retake of the SAT in essay jefferson October is the only option. For a student with this strong profile, I like a plan that creates the evaluation matrix possibility of being completely done with testing by June.

This is russian essay contest so very helpful. Thank you. Thesis Evaluation Matrix. You mention lopsided scores. My daughter has this issue on the old SAT, with a Reading Score of 660 and a Writing Score of 780. Her math is also a 780. Will her 660 eliminate her from consideration at any schools right from the start ? Or are will they consider that she has a 2220 overall? Should she even bother with the new SAT (she did not like the ACT)? If it helps matters, she got a 720 EBRW/730 M on the PSAT.

She has her Subject tests scheduled for June and October and she is very “done” with testing. Russian Contest. I just don’t want her to be short sighted after putting all this work in already. Matrix. Her extracurriculars are very strong, she has all 5s on her AP scores and she has a 3.95 GPA. The 660 is the only “weak” part of her application. Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Thank you again. Hi John, well, this is a tough one. Russian Contest. Or, I should say, the answer is fairly clear, but rather tough to have to deliver. While there is thesis evaluation matrix only a small fraction of the russian essay colleges in masters evaluation matrix this country that would split these hairs, the fact is that her 660 Reading is a minor blemish relative to her other scores/GPA and within the competitive applicants pools in which I assume she will be competing. Age Home. Have you seen our latest post with “New SAT and ACT Score Ranges for 360 Colleges and Universities”? You will find that if you’re looking at the most selective colleges, the 660 is going to be a weakness.

Now, I would not go so far as to say a 660 in thesis matrix just one section of essay contest, one test eliminates a student immediately in any applicant pool. Evaluation Matrix. But it could certainly work against her, whereas the essay contest 780’s in thesis matrix Writing and Math are of course above the line at which you know “well, that can’t possibly be a negative.” I’m really bummed to have to say this, but if you felt she could bring up that Reading score without a terrible amount of effort/practice and she could find time to do so, then you should probably try to steer her in that direction. Are you sure you need the postal October test date for Subject Tests? That’s a bit of an unusual time to thesis matrix, be taking Subject Tests. Please let me know if this is helpful and if I can offer further perspective. Clerk. I wish your daughter all the best in evaluation this process, which I know doesn’t always seem reasonable. On what evidence exactly are you basing your claim that parents/students et al. should “trust the concordances… because the colleges will trust them…and (they) will be considered gospel”? Given the ACT’s response to CB’s tables, I would say that’s hardly a given, and as such, I’d advise a great deal more caution, rather than speculation and assumption, when using this data and/or giving advice to others on how to use it as well. And one piece that seems to be missing from your otherwise generally sound advice regarding which test to conservation, take is that of the value of prepping for a test that has a handful of practice exams available vs. one that has scores of tests to use. If a student is working with a tutor for the new SAT, they should be aware that it’s virtually impossible that tutor will be as helpful in preparing for thesis evaluation matrix, the new SAT as they will be in prepping for the ACT (assuming the postal resume general competency of said tutor, of course).

Why? Because there is so little material on the new exam from masters thesis evaluation which to work. Barring an incontrovertibly and dramatically ‘higher’ SAT diagnostic score, I’d rather my child prep with a tutor who has mastered the of an informative current iteration of the ACT over the past decade plus, than that same tutor who has essentially started anew with a brand new test just recently. Wouldn’t you? JSG, I would say that ACT’s intent was to masters evaluation, shame and scold. ACT’s objections are mostly righteous, and they have every right to complain, but I don’t believe they actually hoped to essay jefferson presidency, convince colleges to somehow refuse to use College Board’s new concordance. I say “somehow” because colleges really have no reasonable alternative. Masters Thesis. As for bad alternatives, I see two: 1) Accept only one test, not either. 2) Consider the online writing ACT-takers and thesis evaluation SAT-takers as two entirely separate groups in the applicant pool and make no attempt to compare across groups.

The first option would diminish application volume greatly, a move I have yet to see from an jefferson, enrollment manager who doesn’t wish to be fired. Matrix. The second option is all kinds of wrong, not in the least because there are many students in most applicant pools who submit both. Perhaps I shouldn’t have used the informative words “trust” and “gospel.” It’s probably more accurate to say that many colleges will note – as ACT did – the flaws in evaluation this “derived” concordance that College Board has pushed on them, and they’ll do some scolding of their own, but ultimately I believe that colleges will hold their noses and use the concordances as their least-worst way of evaluating students who have taken different tests. What other scenario could you see playing out? Finally, I found it interesting to notice just today that the link that ACT had put out previously with its anti-concordance rant is now broken and links to nowhere. If you look hard, you can now find their two position statements buried at russian, http://www.act.org/content/act/en/about-act/act-leadership/perspectives.html. I take this, and other feedback from sources in Iowa City, to suggest that they’ve made their point and likely won’t press it further. Because it has nowhere productive to go.

We completely agree on evaluation matrix your point about the essay outline dearth of masters matrix, SAT practice tests relative to ACT practice tests. I didn’t fit that caveat into of water resources this post on concordance, but I’ve written about it extensively, starting in June 2014 with a post titled “ACT as the Safe Choice for the Class of 2017.” And, more recently this fall here, noting, for example “ There is also the practical reality that even the most experienced test prep tutor cannot be as steeped in masters thesis the nuances of the new SAT as in the ACT. These subtleties matter, and we are skeptical of test prep pundits who argue otherwise. ” In that latter post I also outlined some of the unique circumstances that might tilt a student back to the SAT despite the informative essay outline compromises. Masters Evaluation Matrix. Those circumstances are becoming less unique every day as the dust around the new SAT’s debut starts to settle. Approximately 90% of on thomas jefferson, our students in the most recent testing cycle opted for the ACT over the SAT, but we see that ratio steadily leveling back off over the next few years. Thanks for masters thesis, your input and the opportunity to compare notes and share ideas on conservation essay these complex issues. Thanks for the thoughtful and thorough response, Adam. I did notice that their critique got buried on their site, which is masters evaluation certainly interesting and perhaps indicative of resume, their intentions. I suppose one alternative scenario would be that the ACT and masters thesis CB actually get together, as they’ve done in the past, to jointly establish new concordance tables. But, given the recent enmity and ACT’s insistence on more data on resources which to base such tables, that seems less likely to occur at this point. I was essentially concerned about the wording you used, and appreciate the matrix clarification.

Glad to hear you’re also in agreement about the issues surrounding the lack of materials for SAT prep, and that it’s now noted on this page, as I and perhaps others had not seen your other posts that you mention. It is, in my mind, a critical factor in deciding which test to take for those with the luxury of working with a tutor to improve their scores. What do you estimate your SAT/ACT breakdown will be for online mfa creative writing, the class of 2018? I’m guessing about 30/70 SAT/ACT for the class of 2018 and masters then back to roughly 50/50 for class of 2019 and beyond. My daughter scored a 680 E and 660 M on essay age home the new SAT. When I do the College Board’s converter this was about the masters evaluation same in adjusted value as her previous scores on the old SAT. However, when viewing the percentiles that the essay presidency new SAT said she achieved, it appeared she moved up a good bit in percentile from the old SAT, but the converter would lead you to believe she didn’t change her relative score much. Any thoughts on why the percentile wouldn’t have been in the same range for masters evaluation, the old and of an informative new SAT if the evaluation converter is saying her old and of an essay outline new scores are similar?

Also, the new SAT shows two percentiles each for Math and English. One seems to rank all students nationally and masters the other ranks only those that are college bound. Of those two different sets of percentiles, which one is more useful and do you think colleges will be more focused on relative performance (percentile achivement) or actual converted SAT score? College Board hasn’t yet published a full table of percentiles for the new SAT, but I can talk generally about some of the issues involved. I’ve spent a lot of time on essay contest the issue with the PSAT. In the choice as to whether to matrix, believe the converter or the percentiles, believe the essay jefferson presidency converter. Although both the percentile ranks and the concordance tables behind the converter are based on sample studies, College Board has far more invested in getting the concordances right. Masters Thesis Evaluation. We saw with the PSAT that percentile scores were inflated and examples of an essay outline distorted in several ways.

A well-designed concordance should reflect the same relative standing if the concorded scores are the same. As for why the percentiles are misleading: 1) When the College Board moved from the old SAT and PSAT to masters matrix, the new SAT and PSAT, they adopted a new definition of russian essay, percentile rank. Previously they reported the thesis evaluation matrix percentage of essay on old, students scoring below a score. Masters. Now they report the percentage of students at or below. The change is legitimate and matches the way ACT reports percentiles, but it leads to confusion.

The new percentiles are a notch higher. 2) The national versus the mfa creative writing user percentiles are another new twist, and masters thesis evaluation matrix I am less fond of this one. A percentile rank based on other test takers seems the most natural way to think about scores and has long been the standard for of water resources essay, college admission test reporting. Evaluation. The new national percentiles are in line with College Board’s desire to have the new SAT server a wider education audience. The good news is essay on thomas presidency that the national numbers have no impact on your daughter’s admission chances. The bad news is matrix that they tend to be another source of percentile inflation and can be misleading. Ultimately, colleges care about on old age home where your daughter stacks up versus other applicants. The percentile numbers are just a way of putting scores into context.

3) The percentiles are based on masters thesis evaluation a “representative sample.” College Board has no way of predicting the exact make-up of students in conservation of water essay your daughter’s cohort that will take the evaluation matrix new SAT over the next year. Instead, it must estimate percentiles from jefferson studies. As with any estimate, results are not always reliable. The difference between the masters percentiles reported on examples outline the new SAT and the percentiles implied by the “concorded” scores on the old test are of concern and it makes it very hard for me to put my son’s new SAT score into context. His overall score was 1470 (760 Math, 710 Reading/Writing). According to thesis evaluation, the Percentiles for the new SAT, the overall and essay age home the math score would both be in the 98%. On the old sat (2014), the evaluation matrix 98% would be somewhere between 2160 and 2210 for on old, the full score. Given your reference to masters evaluation matrix, how the jefferson percentile reporting change has been made, I would have guessed that my Son’s score would translate into a score of at least 2150.

However, the concordance table maps his score into a 2110 corresponding to the 96 percentile on the old SAT! Similarly, the 98 percentile on the old SAT (2015) was 770 so I would have mapped my son’s score to a score of at least 760 on the old Math SAT. However, the masters thesis evaluation concordance tables maps it to essay, only a 740… My guess is that any concordance and percentile calculations made on samples prior to the actual administration would be fine in the center of the distribution but unreliable in the tails due to modest samples sizes. I am not sure if the percentile reported with the New SAT are based on the March test takers (a pretty large if possibly biased sample) or on any previous testing….I guess this may be at masters evaluation matrix, the back and forth between the ACT and SAT folks over russian contest this issue….Really trying to determine how good the 1470 score is (is it really closer to the 98th or 96th percentile) as the higher end of the mapping would put my son into the top 25% at some of his target schools while the lower end of the mapping would not…. Both the percentile scores and masters evaluation matrix concordance tables were developed from studies done prior to the March test.

Both are subject to the same concerns about the accuracy of the sample population and how testing was conducted. Essay. In the choice between percentiles and concordance, though, go with concordance every time. In College Board terms, percentiles are for masters thesis, a year, concordances are for a lifetime. Postal Resume. It’s the concordance that links their old flagship test to their new. We saw on the PSAT how flawed percentiles were and how the masters thesis evaluation primary reaction from College Board was a shoulder shrug and a denial.

The concordance for the PSAT gave a more accurate picture (although it is possible that this was just chance). It is unlikely that we will see accurate percentile data on postal clerk class of masters evaluation matrix, 2017 test takers come out on old age home, until the evaluation matrix summer of 2017 when College Board traditionally reports on the college bound class. In the meantime, I think the 2110 is the best way of conservation resources essay, thinking about your son’s score if you are comparing it to thesis evaluation matrix, other old SAT scores. Similarly, I would put more trust in essay the concordances when thinking about his section scores. Masters Thesis Evaluation Matrix. In looking at the 2015 data for the number of students at essay on thomas presidency, each score, I calculate a 2110 as the 97th percentile under the current definition. In fact, it was 97th percentile even under the masters evaluation old definition. I would caution about making overly fine distinctions about a test that has never before been used for admission purposes.

The new SAT is not the old SAT and russian concordances don’t bridge that gap. SAT scores have never been a dominant factor in college admission, and I expect colleges to masters, be even more loathe to overweight them this year. My daughter is in a situation as few others here. She has a 34 on ACT and on old she scored a 1520 on the new March SAT. She also has 800’s on SAT math2 and masters thesis matrix SAT Bio. She feels she can improve her SAT score if she makes another attempt. Of Water Essay. She is planning to thesis matrix, do an early decision to one of the selective colleges.She is examples essay outline worried to take the masters matrix Oct. SAT as the conservation essay scores may not be available on time for ED.

Does she need to masters, take one more subject test? Can she try taking the SAT on June 4th instead of SAT Chem. What would be your suggestion? Georgetown insists on having the quirky policy of recommending 3 Subject Tests, but no college requires more than 2 subjects. It would be unusual for an October SAT date to trip up your daughter’s ED applications, but the unusual has been occurring more frequently lately. Understandably, students would rather have testing out of the way in June rather than anxiously awaiting scores right before the Early Decision deadline.

It’s hard to be critical of essay on thomas jefferson presidency, a decision in masters thesis matrix either direction, since your daughter’s testing portfolio is hard to improve upon. She would not be disadvantaged by taking the SAT rather than the examples of an informative Chemistry Subject Test in masters thesis evaluation matrix June. What she might want to consider is taking Chem in October. Although her knowledge may gather some rust over the summer, it’s certainly not out of the question for clerk resume, a strong student to take a fall Subject Test. Even if the score were delayed — and multiple-choice Subject Tests are less likely to evaluation matrix, be delayed — her application would already be complete. You might want to essay jefferson, check out the recent post from the masters evaluation ACT CEO regarding the recently released concordance from College Board between SAT and ACT. Check it out here – Collaboration essential when claiming concordance – http://www.act.org/content/act/en/about-act/perspectivesandhappenings.html?cid=social:twitter%20:text:unpaid:concordance. Yes, the distrust between ACT and College Board runs deep, and College Board replied quickly. Roorda makes a number of valid points, but he is also well aware that students and essay presidency colleges are better off with a concordance rather than without.

I remain hopeful that the organizations are able to evaluation matrix, cooperate on a true concordance study based on the class of 2017. Examples Essay Outline. Students deserve to choose between admission tests without fear that corporate maneuverings will interfere with their college plans. Unfortunately, the results of any collaboration are at least 2-3 years out. My son took the PSAT and got a 1490 sectional index of thesis, 222. He then took the Sat in April and got a 1500 which corresponded to of water resources essay, a 2170 old sat. It seemed pretty good, but he had to take the optional essay and didn’t do well. 6/4/6 The school rice university says it is masters not required, but obviously if he sends it they will see his score.

Since it is optional will they not judge it one way or the other or should he just take the act test and hope he does just as well on of an that test and just submit that and not take the essay. Masters Thesis. How much weight will they place on that optional essay do you think if he sends it. The 6/4/6 may not be as weak as you think and essay on old age home should not be an obstacle at masters evaluation matrix, Rice (which does require Subject Tests from SAT submitters). We are seeing even top scoring students clustered in the 5-7 range, with cumulative scores in the mid to upper teens. There is very little correlation between SAT Total score or EBRW score and russian contest the essay scores. Analysis has been the toughest area for students, so it is masters thesis evaluation not surprising that this was your son’s weakest dimension. The SAT scores and Subject Test scores dwarf the essay in presidency importance.

Your son should not be concerned about sending his scores. My daughter scored a 35 in ACT ( composite) but got only a 1380 in evaluation matrix the new SAT. We are going to let her take another SAT in October but I am worried about the types of colleges to apply. Based on of an her grades and thesis evaluation matrix accomplishments, she wants to go for of water, the reach schools but the new SAT scores are really confusing. By the time the results come on Oct 23, we will be nearing the deadline for early decision. Is there a reason why you feel that your daughter should submit new SAT scores? Her 35 is very strong. Based on the College Board’s own concordance of masters evaluation, new SAT scores to jefferson presidency, ACT scores, your daughter would basically need a 1600 to improve her standing.

Most schools are fine with the Oct SAT for ED, but you are right that it can give your daughter precious little time if she wants to evaluate her scores before submitting them. My recommendation would be to stick with her ACT score. She should be considering (or have taken) Subject Tests for those “reach schools.” Those will have a better chance of improving her testing portfolio than will an improved new SAT score. My son scored (old SAT) 650 CR, 800 Math and 780 Writing. Masters Thesis Evaluation Matrix. When I do the College Board’s converter this was 1530/1600. However, I was told by an IVY university admission staff that they would only consider CR/Math on essay outline the old SAT and compare the score to the new SAT score since the new version no longer requires writing. This seems to be inconsistent with College Board’s concordance table. Masters. Have you discussed with colleges how they are planning on using the concordance table?

If not, will colleges treat old SAT and new SAT as totally different tests? Thanks! The response you got is indicative of the lack of respect that the Writing test always received on the old SAT — and the misunderstandings surrounding it. The old SAT and new SAT are treated as totally different tests, which is why a concordance is needed in the same way that one is needed between the essay SAT and masters evaluation ACT. If you mean “Are colleges separately considering the pools of students applying with old SATs and new SATs?,” the answer is outline “No.” The College Board maintains that the “best” concordance between the old SAT and the new SAT is from masters thesis matrix CR+M+W to EBRW+M.

The admission office is both right and wrong. Essay Contest. Wrong: Although the essay is not part of the new SAT score, “writing” is very much a part of the new test. Masters. Right: Many colleges never fully incorporated Writing and are more comfortable using CR+M to EBRW+M. To allow for essay on old age home, this, College Board does provide this concordance. After doing the conversion from old to masters, new, you should see a link or option to “See an estimate based on Critical Reading + Math only.” In your son’s case, the CR+M estimate converts to a 1490 on postal the new SAT. We’ve also provided a table with the CR+M concordance. Unfortunately, there is no universal rule as to how colleges will convert among old SAT, new SAT, and ACT, which is why College Board has provided them a number of masters thesis evaluation, options.

Thanks for the encouraging reply. She is taking subject tests. But I am afraid that she will be at a disadvantage when compared to some one who has scored well in SAT and conservation of water resources ACT. Will the schools not be ” suspicious” when you submit one and not another? I don’t want to regret for the rest of my life for not encouraging her to masters thesis matrix, take another new SAT. What if she takes another SAT and for examples of an informative essay outline, some reason she scores in the lower range? Can I NOT send it to the colleges?

This is so confusing and masters thesis matrix nerve racking to say the least. More so because of the fact that there is a 3-4 month gap before next SAT. Clerk. I wish they had one in thesis evaluation matrix August. The SAT and ACT give colleges what is essentially duplicate information. Only about 1/4 of contest, applicants to top schools send both tests (although a bit more than that take both tests). Sorry to make things more confusing for you, but there is masters matrix a set of schools that requires all testing that a student has done — the essay age home most prominent colleges being Yale and masters thesis matrix Stanford.

There are not a lot of these, though. It’s particularly confusing because colleges have no way of enforcing that requirement — it’s still the essay on old student’s choice. Most schools — by a very decisive margin — recognize Score Choice, and thesis evaluation matrix a student can choose not to send scores. In general do you think that the students will be at an advantage or disadvantage for having an old SAT score? Some schools (e.g. UVA) have stated that they will not concord, but rather look at the tests independently.

Also for schools that traditionally only looked at the CR/M components of the old SAT, how will they look at conservation of water resources essay, the new SAT? Do you think they will discount the masters evaluation matrix writing portion that is built into the test? This does not seem like a feasible path forward because it is on old age home so confusing to students. If they choose to thesis evaluation matrix, look at the whole EBRW score, will students who took the essay on old old SAT who had lopsided CR/W scores (e.g., 660 CR and a 780 W), be at a disadvantage? My daughter thought her testing was over with a 2220 (660CR/780M/780W), but we are beginning to wonder. Thank you! I haven’t seen statements from UVA saying that it would not use concordance tables; I’d be interested if you have examples. Thesis Matrix. The dean has talked about the fact that they will not be superscoring between test editions. I think it is in that sense that he means that they are treating the tests independently. We expect EBRW+M to get full acceptance from the colleges who used to look at only CR+M.

The rejection of SAT Writing was more about the essay (even though it only represented about mfa creative 30% of the thesis evaluation score) and examples essay the fact that colleges had 60 years of masters thesis, experience using “verbal” and “math.” The material tested on the new SAT is russian essay contest very similar to masters evaluation matrix, that tested on ACT Reading and English, and there has never been a boycott of those sections. The transition may not be seamless. In your daughter’s case, she does suffer from having her stronger score on the less accepted “verbal” section. This is not a penalty conferred by the new SAT, as many colleges already looked primarily at CR+M or downplayed the essay significance of masters thesis, Writing. The positive view is that I don’t expect any college to ignore the W in EBRW.

Your daughter’s strength in on thomas grammar will be part of her score. I believe that your daughter got a 720 EBRW/730 M on her PSAT, which is roughly in line with those expectations. She can likely improve on those figures on the SAT. In some ways, the new SAT may be the ideal test for her. Art, Thank you very much for your response.

Re UVA I was referring to Dean J’s comment that “The tests are different and we aren’t going to convert old SAT scores.” It is matrix buried in her post about updated the waiting list. http://uvaapplication.blogspot.com/2016/05/the-2016-waiting-list-process.html Thanks again. Great. It’s nice to see an admission department that is so diligent about explaining its methods. Some colleges will state “we use your highest scores” without reassuring students that the postal clerk only scores included in a file are the top section scores. Similar quote here to the one you cited: http://uvaapplication.blogspot.com/2016/05/uva-and-new-sat.html.

Basically a file will have potentially 3 sets of scores: SAT, rSAT, and ACT. Masters Matrix. As he says in the link I just included, UVa wouldn’t combine SAT M with rSAT M any more than it would swap in on thomas ACT M. The rSAT gets neither points nor demerits for being published by the same company as the masters evaluation matrix SAT. To make test-to-test comparisons, a concordance is required. Thanks for the clarification. I find this blog very useful. Do Cornell, Brown and resume Columbia want ACT and matrix SAT scores reported? I have a feeling that with all the confusion going on russian contest this year, most colleges would be happy with one or the thesis evaluation other. To make this worse, today SAT subject test results were reported to be delayed this June 15th. Of An Essay. Makes me have less confidence in them. Brown and Columbia participate in Score Choice and evaluation there is no reason to send any scores with which your daughter is not completely satisfied.

Cornell does not recognize Score Choice for SAT scores. The twist there is that a College Board report includes Subject Test and SAT scores by default. Cornell is adamant that “it is in the student’s best interest to send all scores and Cornell will only consider those that are most supportive of the application .” [emphasis added] My son chose to automatically have his new SAT scores sent to four universities (Texas AM, Virginia Tech, University of Florida, University of Central Florida). The score report also shows his PSAT scores and 10th grades scores. Essay. Do these four universities also get to see his PSAT and 10th grade scores? (He scored 730 ERW, 700 Math on the SAT and 720 ERW 740 Math on the PSAT, for thesis matrix, an SI 218.) Thanks. PSAT scores are provided to students so that they can track their performance over time. Colleges do not receive PSAT scores. Hi, I received a 1560 (760 Reading/Writing and 800 Math) on the SAT and a 34 on the ACT. I was planning to use the SAT for all colleges not requiring subject tests and presidency the ACT for colleges that do (I only masters evaluation, have taken the Math II subject test and scored 800). However, I got my ACT writing score back a few days ago and clerk resume scored 21.

Even though many students have been shafted by masters evaluation the essay, 21 still seems awfully low (I scored a 7/7/7 on the SAT essay). Should I study the essay and on thomas retake the matrix ACT? I don’t want to have to russian essay, do any more subject tests unless I really have to. I got a 4 on evaluation matrix the APES exam via self-study. MIT and Georgetown are on my list and examples of an outline both seem to matrix, like subject tests. Thanks in essay jefferson advance! Great scores and thesis an interesting situation because of Subject Tests. Of Water. My recommendation would be to submit both SATs and thesis evaluation ACTs. Both scores are very strong and, as you know, many schools that want Subject Tests will accept an on old age home, ACT instead. But I see no reason to withhold your SAT and ST scores from those colleges.

As for the 21, I would not be too concerned. It seems that you have enough other things in your record that will reflect well on your writing skills. The bigger outstanding issue is thesis evaluation Subject Tests. It wasn’t clear if you are planning on taking more — you should. MIT wants a math and a science and Georgetown has a VERY strong recommendation of 3 (Georgetown has always enjoyed being iconoclastic). The essays are optional at MIT and, although required at Georgetown, they are not actually used for essay age home, admission!

In summary, think about taking additional Subject Tests, consider submitting SAT, Subject Tests, and ACT (I believe Georgetown requires all of them if you have taken them), and don’t stress over the 21. Daughter got 1500 on PSAT in PA and thesis evaluation got 1550 in June SAT, that being her only admission standard test (She does have 4 subjects tests, 760 Math2/760 US history/800 Bio/800 Chem). She is done with testing, but I am concerned that according to concordance, this only converts to 34 in postal resume ACT. Thoughts? You have nothing to worry about.

Your daughter’s scores provide an excellent “testing portfolio” for any college. A 34 is an excellent ACT score. In truth, once a student reaches a certain testing level, small differences in scores mean little for masters, admission chances. Having 4 strong Subject Test scores rounds out her application nicely! Thank you for your post. Is the new SAT score (R+W:750, M:800, Essay: 6/4/6) a problem to apply for the extremely competitive colleges?

I am mainly concerned with the bad essay score: 6/4/6. From what we’ve seen with SAT Essay scores, a 6/4/6 is not that unusual for even very high-scoring students. I think College Board has done the right thing by not emphasizing (or even providing) percentiles for the essay. Nor did they do something silly like ACT’s failed attempt at turning the essay into a scaled score. Your SAT scores are competitive, most colleges are not requiring the essay essay, and thesis matrix schools will be hesitant to make decisions based on essay scores until they have more data. My daughter wants to jefferson presidency, go to University of Alabama. Thesis Matrix. Being out of state we have been looking at the out of state scholarships that are offered.

I am extremely confused about the clerk resume SAT requirements for the scholarships. Matrix. They list the old SAT requirements and the new SAT requirements and on old age home they are very similar, if not the evaluation exact scores. I have contacted the resume scholarship department and they say that they used the CollegeBoard concordance table. Masters Evaluation Matrix. Can you explain how the scores needed can be so similar? Thank you. Alabama uses only the Critical Reading and Math components of the old SAT, so you are seeing scores on a 400-1600 scale for writing, both the thesis evaluation old SAT and the new SAT (EBRW and Math).

New SAT scores are somewhat inflated in comparison to the old SAT. Russian. When comparing CR+M scores, new SAT scores are about 40-70 points higher overall. If you look at the last table on our secondary concordance page, you’ll see how the evaluation matrix 1600 scores stack up. Age Home. It does appear that Alabama is thesis using the College Board concordance exactly. For example, the Capstone scholarship went from 1210-1240 scores for the old SAT (CR+M only) to 1280-1300 for the new SAT. The UA Scholar scores have gone from 1330-1390 to 1390-1440.

These changes mean that a similar number of students should qualify (assuming a similar number of students taking the SAT). Essay On Old Age Home. In addition to being a great school, Alabama has excellent scholarship opportunities for out-of-state students. I don’t know why I cannot see my questions I submitted. Test successful. We moderate our comment threads and have fallen behind. I happen to be going through the queue now and will get to your original question. Masters Thesis. Thanks! I have a question about the reliability of of water, translating new SAT scores to old SAT scores.

My son has a June SAT score of 1500–750cr and 750m. I understand that the masters thesis scores on resume the new SAT are higher, and a 750cr is not as high as an old SAT 750. Masters Thesis Evaluation. If I submit his score of 1500, it won’t be translated high as an essay, old score of 2250 (750, 750, 750). In fact, the new SAT calculator says that it translates into a 2170 old score. However, the May 2016 ‘Understanding your scores” reports a 750cr as 99%ile. Oddly, the 2015 SAT percentile document for the old SAT says that a 750R is 98%ile and 750W is 98%ile. I am confused as to matrix, why this May 2016 document says a 750 is essay a higher percentile than the older chart says an older score of 750 is. Is there any chance that a new SAT 750cr is really the top percentile and thesis matrix should correlate at russian, least as high as getting an old SAT 750r and 750w? To further complicate the issue, my son got a 34 on thesis the ACT. His college counselor is telling him to send ACT scores as well as June SAT scores bc ‘traditionally a 750 or above is considered highly competitive.’ His 34 puts him at or above the 75%ile of postal clerk resume, admitted students to most colleges he plans to apply. Masters Thesis Evaluation. However, the 1500 on postal clerk resume the SAT does not put him above the 75%ile at thesis evaluation, many of postal resume, these colleges.

It is important, I think, to figure out which to send. Thank you for your time! Your questions go right to the heart of the difficulties College Board and colleges face in making the transition to the new SAT. Let me start by explaining why the percentiles are not useful in making a comparison (for a far more detailed explanation involving the PSAT — the issues are similar — you can see my previous posts). The two most important points are that 1) the percentiles are estimates based on masters thesis evaluation a sample group and 2) the percentile definition has changed. In order to accurately determine percentiles, once must use a representative population. This means that College Board couldn’t simply take March test takers and calculate the percentiles.

The group of students who take March are not the same as those who take May or October. And the group of students taking the online writing new SAT this spring were not necessarily the same profile as those taking the thesis matrix old SAT in the spring. Instead, what College Board did was base the percentiles on reference groups who took non-operational tests (test days at writing, schools or paying college students to take the masters thesis test). These percentiles are roughly accurate but are too iffy to make decisions between, say, 98th percentile and 99th percentile. 2) is an interesting case, because most people assume that a percentile is online writing a percentile is a percentile. Masters. There are actually multiple ways that percentile ranks can be defined. The old SAT used “the percentage of students scoring BELOW” a given score.

The new SAT (and the ACT) uses “the percentage of students AT OR BELOW.” College Board also started reporting the National percentile and the User percentile. These changes have the effect of “inflating” percentiles somewhat. The College Board will not be able to report on the entire class of 2017 cohort until after students graduate (they usually release their “College Bound Seniors” report in examples informative essay outline the October after graduation). Clearly that’s not helpful for evaluation matrix, your son. I counsel people to ignore the percentiles. They are also invalid for comparing to ACT scores, because the tests are not taken by identical pools of students. Now to your first question about your son’s 750 EBRW / 750 M. Scores on postal the new SAT are somewhat inflated when compared to those of the old SAT. This is largely the result of thesis evaluation matrix, College Board’s decision to eliminate the “guessing penalty” and to not re-norm the tests. Postal. What the 2170 / 1500 concordance is masters thesis evaluation saying is that the percentage of students scoring 1500 or lower on the new test is equivalent to those scoring 2170 or lower on the old test. In this sense, they represent comparable achievements.

This is why it is postal clerk also dangerous to masters matrix, use the examples essay exact same “rules of thumb” that worked for thesis evaluation matrix, old SAT scores (not that they ever worked that well). A 750 M on the new SAT is better compared to a 720 M on the old SAT. A 750 EBRW is russian contest closer to a combined 1450 (CR+W) on the old SAT. So when your college counselor uses a “traditional” comparison to say that “750 or above is considered highly competitive,” your son’s scores are more akin to 720 and 730. Still, those are quite competitive, and thesis it’s not as if there is clerk some hard cutoff at 750. Another way of saying that is that the students who used to get 750 or above are now far more likely to masters thesis matrix, be getting 770 or above.

Yes, quite confusing for everyone. It is definitely true that your son’s 34 is better — from a concordance standpoint — than his 1500 new SAT score. I don’t think that means that your son should not send his SAT score. It is in the same range, and most colleges will work with his best scores. What it really boils down to is that any decision you make will be a good one as long as you include his ACT scores! Your decision to send or not send his SAT scores will not impact his admission. There are plenty of of an informative essay, things to worry about masters thesis matrix during the online mfa creative application process. In your son’s case, the thesis evaluation SAT decision is not one of them. I hope that I haven’t muddled things further for you. Your son’s scores are excellent.

Best of luck during the admission process! I have a question for you about essay age home whether my daughter should send both her new SAT score and her ACT score to masters thesis matrix, colleges. Examples Informative Essay. She scored a 1510 (760R, 750M), 6/6/6 on essay) on the new SAT, and a 34 (36E, 36R, 32M, 33S, 23 essay) on the ACT. She took each test once, and thesis evaluation matrix she does not plan to re-test. Although the SAT is lower than the ACT overall, we are considering sending it to show the mfa creative writing relatively higher math score. She is applying to masters, engineering programs. Clerk Resume. She also has a 760 Math Level II and a 5 on the AP Calculus BC exam.

Your thoughts on sending the new SAT score to bolster her math credentials? A separate question: If a school neither requires nor recommends the SAT subject matter tests, should she send her Biology subject matter test score of 700? (I should mention her grades, course load and masters matrix rank will also make her a good candidate for engineering programs.) She will be applying to very competitive schools, and I am not sure if that score will be helpful. Thanks so much for any help you can provide! I’d be hesitant to say that the SAT Math score will boost your daughter’s math credentials, but I can’t muster an argument against sending both scores. Of Water Essay. Her 32M is hardly a weak score, and the 760 on evaluation matrix the Math 2 is more relevant to most engineering programs. The 1510 new SAT and 34 ACT, though, are quite similar, so she is not hurting herself by sending both scores.

I often warn students about the “gotcha” of needing to send all SAT scores to non-Score Choice schools. Since your daughter only online, took the masters evaluation matrix test once, there is no concern on that count. I’d also opt to send her Biology score. Yes, ideally students to writing, the most competitive schools will have 750-800 Subject Test scores, but at a number of the neither-require-nor-recommend schools, Subject Tests are viewed us “plus factors.” And showing math and masters thesis science Subject Tests show that she is essay on old serious about STEM. Another thing to keep in mind is that new SAT Math scores are “inflated” about 30-40 points compared to old SAT scores, whereas Subject Test scores have not gone through the same inflation. For example, the old SAT equivalent of your daughter’s 750M is 720M, which is close to her Biology score. Hi, I have an masters evaluation, 35 composite ACT score with 35 English, 35 Math, 36 Science, 32 Reading, and 24 Writing. I also have an conservation of water essay, SAT score of 1550 with 780 Math, 770 Reading + Writing, and 7/6/6 Essay.

I want to apply to evaluation, the top schools like Harvard with a concentration in liberal arts possibly political science or something of the sort. I was wondering which score would be better to submit or should I submit both to show consistency? Do the section scores matter when taking major into account, like if I want go to major in a social science and go to essay jefferson, law school should I submit the test with the better english and writing scores or does it not really matter since they are all kind of close to each other? Thank you! You are in masters evaluation great shape either way you decide to go.

In general, there is not a benefit to showing ACT/SAT consistency. Resume. It might have a small impact if section scores were wildly different (let’s say you aced the ACT English and Reading but struggled on SAT EBRW). Section scores can come into play at certain schools for certain majors. Applying to Wharton with weak Math scores might raise an eyebrow (the same could be said about most engineering programs, too). Subject Test scores are usually a better place to prove STEM skills, since the ACT and SAT are broad spectrum tests. Colleges such as Harvard almost expect students to change concentrations (I entered as computer science concentrator and left as an masters, English major). I can’t imagine an admission decision, in your case, hinging on your SAT scores versus your ACT scores. A plus about submitting both is that it takes any guesswork out of the equation.

Other than the added cost, the one potential downside would be with college that ask for all ACT scores if you submit 1 or all SAT scores if you submit 1. Examples Informative Essay. If you got your scores after a try or two, that’s not a concern. If you took both tests 3 or 4 times, I think you’d be better off sending one or the other. Hi I was wondering if you could help because I have an almost 4.8 GPA and am first in my class. However, I can’t seem to score any higher than 1320 on the SAT, even after taking it several times; the comparative ACT score for this is masters evaluation matrix a 28 . But last month I took the ACT and got a 33. Should I try to continue taking the SAT, or will colleges be fine if I only send in the ACT? And should I be worried about of an outline this large discrepancy in scores? Your ACT is masters evaluation matrix so much better than your SAT score that there seems like no point in repeating the resume SAT — especially since you’ve already been frustrated by it several times. Colleges are absolutely fine with just an ACT score.

A very small number of colleges — Yale, for example — expect you to send all of the SATs and ACTs you have taken. Masters Thesis. Even at of water resources, those colleges, I’d argue that you are better off abandoning the SAT. Masters Evaluation. It wouldn’t help your testing profile to see another SAT score below your excellent ACT score. Sounds like you can take a break from testing. My daughter scored 35 on ACT (36 in Math and 35 in rest) and scored 31 in postal resume writing. In new SAT she scored 1580 (780 EBRW and 800 in masters matrix Math) and 6/6/8 in essay. She has taken subject tests Math2: 800, Chem: 770 and of water essay Physics: 740. She has taken all of the tests only once and masters thesis evaluation not planning to retake any test. Which scores (SAT vs ACT vs both) should we submit knowing that she is targeting to get into elite schools. Can she not submit SAT Physics?

How would Yale and Stanford react to her SAT Physics score knowing that we have to send? Most students would do anything to have your daughter’s dilemmas. Her SAT scores are strong enough that I don’t see a benefit to sending the ACT scores. One could argue that admission officers may not be comfortable yet with the new SAT, but they know what they see, and they won’t see many 1580-1600 scores. I feel more comfortable making the recommendation knowing that your daughter has excellent Subject Test scores. If she were applying to postal clerk, colleges that allowed the ACT to serve “in lieu of” Subject Tests, then weak scores might have been an argument for matrix, the ACT. Online Mfa Creative Writing. No harm will befall if she were to submit her ACT score, but this way she can keep things clean and just send all her scores via a College Board report. She can choose not to submit Physics. I don’t think she should make that choice.

SAT scores can seem so exact that we (I include those of us in test prep) can easily get wrapped up in small differences. If an admission officer went to masters thesis evaluation, the committee to argue that Student A should be accepted over your daughter because A had scores of 800 / 770 / 780, they would give him the admission officer equivalent of postal clerk, a toddler’s time out. Your daughter’s testing portfolio is masters thesis SO strong that the 740 would never hurt her. I also want to do an aside on Subject Test score interpretation because it’s a topic that interests me. 1) It’s her third Subject Test.

She is allowed to have a lowest score. 2) You may be concerned that a 740 Physics score is 68th percentile. Percentile scores are incredibly misleading with Subject Tests, because the exams are taken by elite students in russian contest their top subjects. Your daughter’s ACT score of 35 is 99th percentile. Among Harvard applicants, though, that score might only be 80th percentile. Context is key. 3) Last, but not least, a 770 and 740 are very similar. In fact, the matrix mathematics underpinning the tests tells us that a 30 point difference is not sufficient to distinguish between two students’ abilities.

The Standard Error of the Difference (SED) for the Physics Subject Test is 40 points. So Yale and Stanford will be perfectly fine with her Physics test. An aside about the “send us all scores” policies. These are not always as they seem. Colleges haven’t always thought through how “no Score Choice” gets interpreted when it comes to Subject Tests.

They often don’t intend for it to resources essay, apply to Subject Tests. Stanford requires that students submit all SAT and ACT scores. They do not state that they require all SAT Subject Test scores (ST’s are optional at Stanford, so technically they don’t require any Subject Tests). Yale, fortunately, explicitly addresses the topic: “Yale does participate in evaluation Score Choice for online mfa creative, the reporting of SAT Subject Tests. You may wait to receive your score results before deciding which scores, if any, you would like to masters evaluation matrix, send to Yale.”

Your daughter has a number of choices to make, but they’re ones without wrong answers. Thank you and really appreciate you taking time to russian essay, answer my questions. 1. Thesis Evaluation Matrix. Regarding your comment on sending only SAT and NOT ACT – Since my daughter has taken the test only once, can there be any doubt in the officer’s mind that she may have gotten lucky in her attempt? and sending ACT also would help remove that remote doubt that the officer may have? 2. Postal Resume. Regarding your comment “She can choose not to masters matrix, submit Physics. I don’t think she should make that choice” –Is your recommendation based on a thought process that without SAT Physics score, it might appear that rest of the scores are near perfect which may not be good for conservation of water essay, admission purposes as colleges don’t want perfect people? PS: My daughter took all the three SAT subject tests on the same day which definitely played a role in masters thesis evaluation matrix her score. 3. Essay Jefferson. This is thesis evaluation matrix a technical question regarding collegeboard. Essay On Thomas Presidency. For Stanford or Yale since we need to send the entire history of masters thesis evaluation matrix, SAT or ACT (Not subject tests), I am assuming we have to pick a choice of “All Scores” within the collegeboard. But if I do that it is including SAT subject scores as well.

Since Stanford or Yale does not ask us to SAT Subject scores, how to conservation resources essay, tell them that I have submitted entire history of masters thesis matrix, SAT and send only specific SAT subject? 4. My daughter is interested in Business undergrad and she attended a summer program at Wharton. We have narrowed down to the below options and of an outline I would appreciate if you can share your thoughts and suggestions as we are totally unclear as to masters thesis evaluation matrix, how to essay jefferson, proceed. A. Apply ED to Wharton. The challenge here is my daughter is slightly concerned about the evaluation matrix cut throat nature that she has observed/heard during summer program. She is competitive herself but prefer a collaborative environment at least outside of the examples informative essay classroom. B. Apply Restrictive EA to Harvard. Masters Thesis Evaluation Matrix. The challenges here are that the bachelors she has to do is in Economics which she is not sure how she would like and also she will lose the benefit of her summer program that she did at Wharton if she does not apply to ED at on thomas presidency, Wharton. The reason to do a REA at Harvard is to leverage the higher chance of her getting in. C. Leave EA, REA and ED and masters just apply regular for all colleges. Thank you so much for your time in conservation resources essay answering my questions.

1) It’s too easy to start overthinking score interpretation. Masters Evaluation. You could easily argue that an russian essay contest, admission officer would interpret this as an evaluation, excellent student getting an excellent score and moving along from testing. The fact that the choice between SAT only and ACT/SAT is essentially a toss-up means that I’d recommend you do what you and your daughter will feel most confident about. In this case, I don’t think there is a wrong answer. 2) My thinking is that as a third Subject Test in postal Physics that the score does not hurt, and may help, your daughter’s application. Thesis Evaluation Matrix. This is another close call. The fact that she took all tests on the same day does not factor in. 3) No, you do not have pick that option, although College Board will tell you that these schools want all scores. Score Choice is on the honor system, and you are being completely honorable in informative following Stanford and Yale’s own rules. Schools are not told whether or not a student has exercised Score Choice.

4. This strays away from my testing expertise into college advising. Thesis. All I can say is that you are correct that there is no true equivalent of a Business major at Harvard. Postal Clerk Resume. If that is what she wants to do, increasing her odds at Harvard (and there is debate as to whether REA does that) would seem somewhat irrelevant. I can’t speak to Wharton’s cut throat nature. I can say that I’ve never observed that at thesis, Harvard. Thank you for such an conservation of water essay, insightful article!! I was hoping you guys could help me out with an masters thesis, issue I have….. I am an international student studying in mfa creative the UK, currently in Year 13 (Grade 12) looking to apply to universities both at home and in the US this year. I took the New SAT in masters matrix May this year and received a score of 1520 (760 + 760 + 21 on essay). Due to my AS school exams happening at a similar time and my very late decision to apply to US universities, I ended up doing very little preparation for the SAT, having done only one practice test and essay 0 essay practice before going into my actual exam, so I know I can do much better if I take a retest. My problem comes when taking into account the fact that I’d like to apply early to Stanford, meaning that the only available date I could resit the SAT would be this October.

However I have already booked this date to take my SAT subject tests (very late I know…..) in Maths-II and Bio. So my very long winded question is: should I stick with the 1520 and apply early to Stanford, or should I delay my application to regular decision, and apply with what will be an almost definitely better SAT score. I’ve heard that entry to highly selective universities such as Stanford is even more competitive for international students, so I am unsure as to masters thesis evaluation matrix, whether my current score of 1520 will give me a good enough chance of getting in. I’d really appreciate any advice you guys can offer, as help for US uni admissions is scarce where I live. Thanks in presidency advance!! I don’t have any easy answers for you. You are right that admission is even more competitive for evaluation, international students.

The problem you face with delay is giving up any benefit from applying early. The size of this benefit is a hotly debated topic. Of An Informative. Some make the claim that EA is just a way to get a decision sooner and results in the same outcome as RD. Many argue that applying under Stanford’s Restrictive EA policy sends a strong “first choice” message that can be useful. They’ll point out the higher acceptance rate for masters thesis, early applicants.

The “it’s all the same” group will point out that early applicants skew more talented, so of course the acceptance rate is higher. I’m not going to try to settle that argument here. I fall in the “small but measurable benefit” camp between the warring factions. Your 1520 is an excellent score, but it will probably be just around average (probably a bit over) for Stanford. But how much more impressive will it be if you apply with a 1570?

Will that prove the tipping point? That’s unlikely. Writing. Keep in masters evaluation matrix mind, too, that Stanford will see your 1520, even if you do raise your score. I would stick to your desire to apply early. Postal. Excellent scores on masters evaluation your Subject Tests combined with your 1520 would mean that the decision will not come down to mfa creative, test scores (at least not U.S. standardized test scores). Apologies if you’ve addressed this elsewhere on the site.

Is it possible that the group of students who took the thesis evaluation matrix new SAT during its first two administrations — March and May — are not representative of the writing class of thesis, 2017 as a whole? I’m thinking they may be more likely to be risk takers, may be smarter, more willing to try something new, etc. Online Mfa Creative Writing. If so, the matrix concordance table — comparing scores to the ACT or the old SAT — might not be valid, because the groups of students are so different. Many kids in my daughter’s class — a public school in Ohio — didn’t take the SAT last spring. I just think the pool of test takers thus far may not be representative. Examples Of An Informative Essay Outline. Eventually it will be, but not yet. Am wishing I had encouraged my daughter to take the ACT instead — this whole guinea-pig experience is somewhat stressful. Masters Matrix. She did well on the PSAT — 710 math, 740 EBRW (good enough for NMSF in Ohio), but is less happy with her March SAT score (almost identical scores — 710/730 — but, with the essay contest concordance, not as high comparatively).

She’s taking it again Oct. 1. Thoughts? The concordance has been a bone of contention between College Board and ACT, although after their respective leaders gave addresses at the National Association of masters evaluation, College Admission Counselors last week, the struck a more conciliatory tone. The concordance and essay jefferson percentiles were developed BEFORE the first live SAT was given. They were developed using a study group. This is not necessarily reassuring, since there are many ways to have a biased group. But I think it is broadly accurate.

You are absolutely correct that the masters matrix new SAT has skewed the pool of test takers as many fled to the ACT. And the age home March and May tests are not representative. This is why a full year cohort is needed to generate accurate percentiles. To generate an effective concordance, ACT and College Board will try to complete their work in 2018. It may be a little late for her to switch to matrix, ACT.

You may want to essay jefferson presidency, consider a proctored practice ACT (on a real test) to see how she is masters thesis evaluation doing. We pretty much don’t start working with a student until we have a great baseline. Essay On Old. It’s possible that she could be an ACT natural and take the test as soon as possible. If not, then your daughter should keep a positive attitude regarding the SAT and masters matrix the concordance, as there is nothing to be gained by second guessing it. Ultimately, I have faith in writing admission officers to get it right. Thanks for your response.

I, too, have hope that admissions officers will get it right — and not rely too heavily on test results when they are so untested. Masters Thesis Evaluation Matrix. However: Ohio State University is using the essay on old age home following cut-offs to thesis evaluation matrix, determine merit scholarships: 32 ACT, 1400 old SAT (critical reading and math), 1450 new SAT. Using that scale, my daughter wouldn’t get the top amount of aid with her current SAT score. So, very real consequences. She did take a “practice” ACT last fall, with absolutely no prep, and got a 31. My guess is she could bring that up to a 32 pretty easily (by studying the science portion). Examples Essay. Question: Is the December administration too late? (She’s not applying early anywhere.) Oct. 22 is coming pretty quickly. One more question: What happened to the “compression” at masters thesis evaluation, the top for high scorers on the SAT?

I thought the concordance gap was supposed to diminish among the top scores. It seemed to do that for the PSAT — does it for the SAT? Thanks again. Let me pick off the strictly factual question first: December is not too late for conservation essay, regular admission at virtually any university, but scholarships play by their own rules. OSU says that merit applicants need to meet the criteria AND apply by November 1. I’m glad you brought up score “compression” because the evaluation PSAT results provide the only visible supporting evidence of the new concordance (College Board has not published the results of the trial studies used to generate the concordance.). Compression does exist on the SAT — just as it did on the PSAT. However, the important difference is that scores are only being pushed up from conservation below. Both new tests have a degree of thesis matrix, “wind assist” when it comes to russian contest, scores. Typical scores are 20-40 points higher in each section than on the old PSAT and SAT.

What made things so problematic with the PSAT/NMSQT is thesis matrix that the new 160-760 score range capped the on old Selection Index for extremely high scorers. A student who might have achieved a 77 M on the old PSAT could, at best, get a 760 on the new test. However, a student with a 67 M was just as easily able to achieve a 700 M on the new test. In other words, the wind assist was there for the excellent scorer, but it diminished — or even blew against — the most exceptional scorers. This is why we saw the Commended level move from 202 to 209, while the top state cutoffs moved down slightly.

The SAT score range remained the same — 200 to 800 — so there is no downward pressure. Masters Thesis Evaluation Matrix. The two tests ultimately converge, which is clerk why the concorded scores are so similar at masters thesis evaluation, the top — for example, a 1550 old CR+M concords to a 1560 EBRW+M. The Ohio State merit cutoff change is more analogous to what happened with the Commended level than with the New Jersey cutoff. A 1400 on the old CR+M is quite good (96th percentile), but the scoring changes of the clerk resume new test still have room for an upward push. That’s why College Board expects a 1450 to be a comparable score (and Ohio State has followed the concordance exactly).

This 50 point change is right in line with the 7 point movement in Commended scores, since the Selection Index doubles the weight of EBRW. Do we know with certainty that the appropriate score is thesis matrix not 1440 or 1460? No. But College Board has a big incentive to essay on old, get it right and not alienate its college users. The 50 point change seen at the 1400 level does diminish as one approaches 1600. That’s why, for example, the masters thesis evaluation matrix cutoff for OSU’s Eminence Fellows scholarship has gone up 30 points (1490 to 1520). Merit aid tends to be a special case in testing because of the hard cut-offs.

For an admission officer, the difference between a 1440 and a 1450 (or whether a 32 ACT concords to a 1450 or 1460) is inconsequential. Examples Informative Essay Outline. For students looking at merit aid at OSU, it’s very consequential. Your daughter stands a good chance of masters thesis matrix, bringing up her SAT score Oct 1, but it may be worthwhile to verify with OSU that the October 22 ACT would also be used. While she would not have much time to prepare, it would not take much to conservation resources essay, get her where she needs to be. My son has a composite score of thesis evaluation, 32 on the ACT with a 31 score in essay jefferson the Math section of the ACT. His composite SAT score was only thesis evaluation matrix, a 1950 which does not compare well with his 32 on on thomas presidency the ACT, but his math SAT score is a 740. Should he submit both his ACT and SAT scores?

It appears that a 740 on the math SAT is thesis evaluation superior to a 31 math score on examples essay outline the ACT. Appreciate your advice. Your son’s 1950 is enough lower than his 32 ACT composite that I would recommend submitting only the ACT. Most schools will concentrate on the composite. Masters Matrix. They may look at essay age home, the relative strengths in the different subject areas, but they rarely concord individual sections.

The potential negatives of matrix, showing an SAT score that is comparable to a 29 ACT composite is not outweighed by the potential positive of the college seeing a stronger math score. It’s nice to consider this sort of quasi-superscoring across tests, but it rarely happens that way. Thanks much for your very understandable response. One final comment: Last fall, my daughter’s guidance counselor suggested we pick the test (SAT or ACT) that we thought she would do best on, and russian essay go for it. That’s what we did.

Didn’t see the thesis evaluation need to give the testing companies more of my money (or my daughter’s time) than necessary. Now, of course, I’m second-guessing that strategy. Second-guessing is what we parents do best! Son has an ACT score (no writing) of examples informative, 33, SAT with writing is 1480 (750 reading and masters thesis evaluation writing; 730 Math). Unfortunately, his essay scores are quite low and surprised us – 4/4/5. Very concerned about whether to bother taking either exam again. He has only taken each exam once.

Also, we are questioning which score to submit to Universities. Online Writing. We certainly wouldn’t want a negative essay score to impact his admissions. Thanks in advance for thesis evaluation matrix, your opinion. In part, the on old age home answer depends on thesis evaluation where your son is applying. On Thomas Jefferson Presidency. If he is shooting for thesis evaluation matrix, the very most competitive schools, then I’d probably recommend retaking the test on which he felt most comfortable. If he is a junior, he certainly has plenty of time.

If he is a senior, time is of the online essence, and you should verify with the colleges their testing cutoffs (generally, December is fine). The ACT is the slightly stronger of the thesis matrix two, but it would not be of russian, use at any of the colleges requiring the essay. There is an outside chance that College Board will discuss essay score distribution at masters thesis evaluation, its annual Forum happening right now (several of my colleagues are there). What we have seen is that even high scorers are often in the teens (similar to how we often saw high ACT scorers in the low 20s for Writing). The SAT is by far the least important part of the test, but I think your son could improve his testing portfolio with another attempt.

Thank you – he is a junior and has many more opportunities to russian essay contest, improve. We will revisit the exams in thesis matrix the spring/summer. My daughter received a 1430 on the new SAT, and she hopes to apply to semi competitive schools such as the UCs and Cal states. However, her essay score was unexpectedly low: 5|4|5. We are worried that the essay score will negatively impact admissions. Is it worth it to on thomas presidency, take the test again in the spring? She is a junior.

Thank you very much for your advice. Unless and masters thesis evaluation matrix until we learn more about colleges’ use of essay age home, essay scores, my advice to students with 4s and evaluation matrix 5s would be to let the overall test score dictate any decisions. In other words, if your daughter is happy with her 1430, I would not recommend retesting simply because of her essay score. When you are evaluating her scores, keep in mind that the new SAT scores are about 30 points higher per section than the old SAT scores. Historical numbers for admitted UC students still use old SAT scores. The Eligibility Index, on the other hand, has been updated for the new SAT. It can be confusing when trying to figure out a competitive score. Hi- I scored a 1980 on the old SAT – 690 R, 620 M, 670 W. I took the of water resources ACT in matrix October 2016 and got a 31. I’m thinking of submitting this score seeing as it translates to a higher score than 1980. Essay. However, my breakdown was 36 English, 27 Math, 36 Reading, and 24 Science. Matrix. I’m wondering if this much lower science section will be taken seriously, or if I should just focus on the fact that a 31 composite is better than a 1980 SAT.

Thanks so much. I think you are better off focusing on the 31 composite. Not only is of an outline it, overall, a stronger score, there is also an argument that if you are going to be lopsided, go big. In other words, your CR and W scores on the old SAT are good and are better than your M score, but they don’t come close to masters thesis, your ACT English and Reading scores. Thank you for all of your thorough responses.

What a complicated business! I have a question regarding the Compass SAT/ACT concordance vs. the Compass PSAT/ACT concordance. Russian Essay. Given the time that has passed since Compass put out each of these, would you consider the SAT/ACT concordance to be more accurate than the PSAT one, and should be used even if a student has ONLY taken the PSAT (and ACT)? Also, along these same lines, when new PSAT scores come out in a couple of weeks, should students use the newer Compass SAT/ACT accordance? Is there any reason to masters evaluation, think that the concordance numbers on any of these charts will change in the near future? Thank you so much.

I bet, even if you had wanted to, you never could have imagined all of the questions that parents/counselors/students could dream up in relation to on thomas jefferson presidency, these test scores! Great questions, and ones that I have been chewing on as I work on updating our PSAT/ACT concordance and recommendations. The plan is to have a revised version of thesis evaluation, that post available almost immediately after counselors receive PSAT scores on 12/5/2016. While I don’t expect College Board to release anything new of value, there seems little reason not to wait (since students will be receiving scores after counselors). This reply will cover some of the essay on thomas jefferson presidency points that I’ll expand upon. [The really short version is that it may not matter which version of the concordance is used, because other factors can play an masters thesis evaluation, even larger role.

I’m never satisfied with really short versions.] There is virtually no chance that College Board will be offering any revisions to its concordances before it can accomplish an official joint study with ACT in 2018 or 2019. So we are left with several choices in examples informative assessing PSAT scores, none of which is ideal. Option 1 is to masters evaluation matrix, use the May 2016 concordance that is identical for the SAT and of an PSAT (with the important qualification that the PSAT concordance tops out at masters evaluation, 1520). College Board considers this the “final” version. Online Mfa Creative Writing. Option 2 would be to stick with the “preliminary” concordance that College Board released in January 2016 that was used to develop the matrix current (as of 11/28/16) version of Compass’ PSAT to ACT concordance. Option 3 would be to develop a set of recommendations that does not exactly follow either College Board concordance. [I recommend reading my earlier post on of water resources the differences between the January and May concordances. While the post looked at masters evaluation, things through a National Merit lens, much of the discussion and most of the conservation resources essay tables and evaluation charts are quite relevant.] At first blush, it would seem to essay, make sense to masters, use something labelled “final.” I have significant concerns about College Board’s PSAT concordance, however.

A concordance depends on the underlying tests being concorded and on the tested population (specifically, the population in the concorded sample). Essay Age Home. The PSAT and SAT have “vertically aligned” scales, but they are definitely not the same test. The populations taking the two exams are also quite different. In order to thesis matrix, follow through with the essay on old age home notion of complete alignment, however, College Board’s psychometricians have had to hold their noses and use identical concordances. To quote from my earlier post: “A polite way of evaluation, describing the PSAT concordance is ‘aspirational.’ It conforms with the most desirable outcome, not necessarily the on thomas most accurate one.” I also show in that post how that inaccuracy comes into play when looking at verifiable examples from National Merit. A thought experiment helps to masters, explain why PSAT and SAT concordances — even good ones — suffer from problems at the extremes. Imagine a “760 Math student” — one who, over hundreds of SATs and essay without repetition effects, would end up averaging a 760. While the student would have many exams where she scored 760, she would also have a good many 770s, 780s, 790s, and even 800s.

She won’t have performed as well on some forms and likely ended up with some 740s, 720s, and evaluation matrix even 700s. Now plop several hundred PSATs in front of of water resources essay, this student. Unless she has perfect performances on every single exam — a virtual impossibility — her average will be below 760 (likely closer to 730-740). She’ll have forms where she misses a few problems, but she’ll never have the opportunity to score better than a perfect 760. It’s wrong, then, to masters evaluation, consider a 760 on examples of an essay the SAT as interchangeable with a 760 on the PSAT.

The “preliminary” concordance did a better job of reflecting this imbalance. Thesis Evaluation. If you look at the chart of the two concordances and essay on thomas how they match up with National Merit (that post was before we knew all 50 states, but it maintains its rough accuracy), you will see that the masters evaluation matrix January concordance did a better job than the May concordance. My opinion is online mfa creative writing that this was because January was presented as a true new PSAT to old PSAT concordance, whereas the May concordance was forced to into alignment with the SAT to old SAT concordance. I should point out that no concordance directly links new SAT or new PSAT to the ACT. Masters Evaluation. Instead, they concord to the old SAT, and then take advantage of the well-established old SAT to postal, ACT concordance for the final leap. This sort of assumed transitive property is why ACT objected so strenuously when College Board released a new SAT to masters matrix, ACT “concordance.” It’s both useful and misleading at the same time.

If the January PSAT concordance seems better, then why not continue to examples of an informative, use it for Compass’ SAT vs. ACT recommendations? A significant problem is that this represents the testing equivalent of betting against the house. College Board refuses to have any independent corroboration of its new SAT equating or of its concordance procedures. It has done its best to release as little information as possible [National Merit has provided a nice peephole that College Board can’t block]. This left it some leeway to masters evaluation matrix, tweak the PSAT between the October 2015 and October 2016 administrations. We won’t get our best insight into this until the spring or summer of 2017 when National Merit data starts leaking out. Publishing a non-standard concordance may confuse students and parents more than it helps them. I’m trying to work through the resources essay best way of dealing with this conundrum. I feel that SAT versus ACT recommendations based on PSAT results must provide at thesis evaluation matrix, least a tip of the hat to these issues. Ironically, the final concordance would tend to push more students toward the ACT.

It aligns with somewhat lower old SAT scores than does the preliminary concordance, so it also aligns with somewhat lower ACT scores. Essay On Old Age Home. For example, using the official concordance would link a 1320 PSAT score to a 28 ACT score. Evaluation. Using the preliminary concordance would link a 1320 to a 29 ACT score. The difference can grow as wide as 2 points. Concordances are great for determining which scores a student should submit to clerk, a college — especially since we don’t need to worry about the special case of the evaluation PSAT. A student with a 29 ACT is conservation resources better off sending that score than sending a 1320 SAT score. Concordances are not so good, though, at predicting future performance. This is why we have emphasized score ranges in our guidance. Accounting for factors such as those outlined by masters thesis evaluation my colleague Adam Ingersoll in of water resources essay “Who Should Choose the SAT?” can be just as important as a small discrepancy in PSAT score versus ACT score. For now, my recommendation would be to use the SAT to ACT concordance provided here but to keep in mind its limitations.

First of all, thank you for a very useful post. My name is Vinh, I am Vietnamese, I finished my bachelor degree in Biotechnology in Vietnam with a GPA of 3.25 and was planning to applying for master degree in US which means I was planning to get GRE (I did get TOEFL with the score of 101). However, something has changed… So the direction here is clearly Linguistics Major that means I have to masters thesis evaluation, begin all over essay jefferson again at BA degree. So I was planning to matrix, take the old SAT test but since it changed to the new one which lacks practice books and practice tests, I’m kind of thinking about examples of an informative essay outline switching to ACT. Thesis Evaluation. However, there are some problems making me hesitate which I hope you can help, and they are: 1) Does ACT somehow affect my chance of getting accepted in US college with Linguistics major? 2) Can I use ACT and SAT subject (I don’t really know what to take, maybe Maths and Literature, or World History and Literature I guess) for my application instead of new SAT and SAT subject? Is this OK and not weird at all?

I’m sorry if these questions are silly because I’m kind of really new to this (I’ve just changed my mind recently and am going around on essay jefferson the Internet getting confused by the ACT, change of SAT, etc). 3) I was planning to take GRE before, so should I take it too as to increase my chance of masters thesis evaluation matrix, getting accepted since I’m not US citizen? And maybe learning GRE is of water also useful for ACT, SAT subjects? And is there any full scholarship for linguistics because I think (personally) not many people go into this field? I’m thinking of Yale, maybe this is very hard but I really love linguistics so I have to do my best.

Thank you very much and wish you the best. The first challenge you will face is that most undergraduate programs in the U.S. will not accept students who have already completed a bachelor’s degree. Masters Thesis. You should discuss this with the jefferson presidency admission offices. 1) As for the ACT/SAT, the choice will not impact you chances of acceptance. Masters Evaluation. Both exams have downloadable tests that you can try. The Khan Academy program for the SAT is improving the number of tests available, so the ACT’s lead on that score has narrowed. 2) Yes. I don’t know of any colleges where an ACT alone or an clerk resume, ACT with Subject Tests would not be acceptable. 3) It typically would not have an masters thesis evaluation matrix, impact on undergraduate admission, because admission offices are not setup to use the GRE as a tool. Getting a scholarship as an international student is challenging.

I would strongly recommend starting, though, by seeing if you are even eligible for examples essay outline, undergraduate admissions. If not, you should not give up on your dream to study linguistics. You may be able to do sufficient work to show that you have the skills to be admitted to a graduate program. Math, Reading, and Writing Concordances for the New SAT. 2017 Compass Education Group.

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