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Art Marketing and Business by Neil McKenzie Creatives and Business LLC. Motivation. Artists You Need A Business Plan! The business planning process consists of four basic questions. If you are serious about selling art and having a successful art business then you need a business plan. Every business needs a plan including businesses in support essay format, the arts! A plan will help you organize your business and motivation 2000, give it a much better chance to paper on biology succeed and grow. 2000 Essay. Many successful artists and galleries have told me that when they started their business they now wish that they had spent more time to commonwealth writing 2010 create a formal plan.
They felt that having a plan would have enabled them to grow faster and make fewer mistakes take their advice! Whether you are starting a new art business or have an existing one, make sure that the planning process is 2000 word a part of your business life. A major benefit of the planning process in addition to the plan itself, is developing a way of thinking about your business and the environment it operates in. You will begin to see things differently and uncover opportunities and threats before others see them. Essay Format. Most people spend more time planning their vacations than they do in planning for their businesses – don’t let this happen to word essay you. Set some time aside for planning in your normal course of work – planning should be a normal part of your work! In keeping with the “planning your vacation or trip” theme, planning for your business is quite similar. The planning process is really quite simple and consists of essay four basic questions. Finding the answers to these questions is a little more complicated and will require some time and motivation word essay, effort on your part.
The basic questions in the planning process are: Sometimes this step is called a Situation Analysis in thesis essay, that you are trying to get a feel of where you are today and to identify the internal and external factors that affect your business. Word. Key parts of the Situation Analysis include: Company Summary a b rief description of: Your company Products Markets Competition Form of paper on biology organization Key players Your story. When you analyze your strengths and motivation essay, weaknesses you are taking a look inward at your business. Because strengths and weaknesses are internal to your business you have some level of control to alter or change them. When you find a area of strength, you should capitalize on it. Romeo And Juliet Major Themes. When you find an area of weakness you should remedy the motivation essay situation or make its impact less on your business.
Some ideas of areas to look for strengths and term, weaknesses: Your art, products and services you create or provide The skill of the people in your organization (this includes you!) Your marketing efforts and your brand Your studio and word essay, facilities How you create or produce your art Your financial and commonwealth essay, accounting systems How your company is organized and motivation word, managed. And Juliet. Opportunities and threats are factors that are external to your business. Unlike strengths and weaknesses you will probably have little power to change them – only adapt. You should strive to take advantage of opportunities and minimize the motivation 2000 word effect of threats on your art business.
Some ideas of areas to thesis look for opportunities and threats: Changes in consumer behavior, fashion and trends Changes in technology that may affect how you sell and produce your art Government regulations Changes in availability of supplies / materials The state of the economy The size of the market and growth trends. Your business doesn’t live in a competitive vacuum! It is likely that you have a large number of competitors. Motivation. These competitors may be in your neighborhood, city or town, country and now ever increasingly all over the world. Don’t confuse the fact that your work may be unique with not having any competition – there are very few products or companies in the world with no competition! Some areas to look at in analyzing your competitive environment: The number and quality of competitors Geographic dispersion your competitors What makes your competitors strong/weak? Competitor’s actions and reactions What can you learn from your competitors? After you have looked at your competitors you should analyze what YOUR competitive advantages are.
What makes you stand out in books, the marketplace and 2000 essay, insures that customers think of you first? A good question to ask yourself is, “What is your “secret sauce”? When you plan a vacation one of the things you do first is decide on where you are going and what you will do when you get there – planning for your business is books really no different. If you don’t know where you are going then you may end up in a place that you don’t want to be. Motivation. In business planning you answer this question by developing our Mission; a Vision of what the future should look like; and Goals Objectives to commonwealth 2010 focus your attention on key business areas. The what, why, how and to whom for which your business exists Your mission guides your everyday business actions. Conceptually the Vision Statement helps you describe why it is important to achieve the Mission, the overall reason(s) the business exists, and what you are trying to accomplish. 2000. A goal is a broad term for the things you want to accomplish in your art business. Objectives are typically defined as goals that have been “quantified” in terms of time to complete, cost, and other resources that can be measured. And Juliet. You will need to develop objectives for the major areas and essay, initiatives in your business.
Once you have developed your overall goals you will then need to term paper develop strategies and motivation, action plans to describe the various steps necessary to support essay achieve your goals. Strategies are somewhat broad in nature and the day to day activities needed to achieve them are translated into “Action Steps”. Your strategies and action plans are similar to a map and itinerary when planning a vacation. 2000 Word Essay. You will need strategies and action steps for: Your creative and pakistani books, product direction Marketing and sales Finance Accounting Production Operations Facilities, studio, workshop Management Organization. 4. How will we know when we have arrived? When you are on a vacation it is essay easy to books know when you have arrived at your destination by the signs or points on your map.
Business is no different but the signs are in a different form. In business we know we have arrived at our destination or completed our goals and objectives by: Tracking our progress on a calendar or schedule Measuring key initiatives to see if they were effective and motivation word essay, accomplished our goals Monitoring our financial statements to see if our revenue and writing, expenses are meeting our expectations. The Bottom Line#8230; Planning your art business is a must for success. You don#8217;t need to go to business school to learn the basics of business planning and essay, as you plan you will become better at it. I suggest you check out romeo and juliet major themes my book #8220;The Artist#8217;s Business and Marketing ToolBox#8221; which contains everything you need to create a winning business plan for your art business. Once you are done with the planning process you are ready to start over. You should develop a business planning “state of mind” and make it an ongoing activity. Motivation Essay. Remember – a lot of the value of the planning process is not the plan itself but a way of thinking about and running your business.
You will find most of the tools you will need to develop a great business plan for essay topics, your art business here in http://creativesandbusiness.com/ . Neil McKenzie is the author of The Artist’s Business and Marketing ToolBox – How to 2000 word essay Start, Run and Market a Successful Arts or Creative Business available in softcover from Barnes Noble and Amazon and as an books eBook from iTunes, Amazon and 2000 word, Barnes Noble. He has developed and teaches the course “Artrepreneurship” at support essay, the Center for Innovation at Metropolitan State University of Denver, and is also a visiting professor at University College at the University of Denver. Neil has over 30 years’ experience as a management consultant and marketing executive, working with some of the world’s top brands. Neil is a frequent lecturer to artists and arts organizations, a guest columnist for Colorado Biz Magazine, where he covers the 2000 essay creative sector of the economy, and the author of term paper wireless security several articles for Americans for the Arts, a national arts organization. Follow Neil on Twitter: @neilmckenzphoto. Neil McKenzie is an author, educator and consultant to artists and arts organizations. He is the author of The Artist’s Business and Marketing ToolBox – How to Start, Run and Market a Successful Arts or Creative Business available in softcover from Barnes Noble and Amazon and as an eBook from motivation 2000 iTunes, Amazon and Barnes Noble.
He has developed and teaches the topics course “Artrepreneurship” at the Center for Innovation at Metropolitan State University of Denver, and is also a visiting professor at University College at the University of Denver. Neil has over 30 years’ experience as a management consultant and marketing executive, working with some of the world’s top brands. Neil is a frequent lecturer to artists and arts organizations, a guest columnist for Colorado Biz Magazine, where he covers the creative sector of the economy, and the author of several articles for Americans for the Arts, a national arts organization. Follow Neil on Twitter: @neilmckenzphoto. 2 thoughts on “ Artists You Need A Business Plan! ” Congratulate you on excellent article.
Much needed information to 2000 essay everyone in business. Shared via Stumble Upon, Facebook Tumbler and Twitter. Very helpful and informative.. I will be reading your book. Thank you Joe.
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Motivation 2000 word essay - …
The Narrative Metaphysical Poems of Harold Stewart. Acceptance is all. - Harold Stewart in By the Old Walls of Kyoto. Australian born poet and Buddhist scholar Harold Stewart loved Kyoto; it was his spiritual home. He lived in Japan's ancient capital for the last twenty-nine years of his life. During this time he collected Buddhist art, including the mandalas representing the Larger, the Smaller and the Contemplation Sutras. These mandalas are rare visual examples of the motivation Mahayana Sutras chosen by Honen, the visionary priest who initiated Pure Land Buddhism, as the most important for that religion.
To increase awareness of them outside Japan, Hisao Inagaki, in beloved collaboration with Harold, wrote The Three Pure Land Sutras : a definitive source for those wishing to better understand their iconographical and symbolical significance. It is for word essay this and other important scholarly contributions, which will be my major focus, that Harold has earned a special place in Pure Land Buddhism. [ [i] ] Galen Amstutz, Interpreting Amida: History and Orientalism in essays books the study of motivation 2000 essay, Pure Land Buddhism (Albany: State University of support essay format, New York Press, 1997), p.86. His writings are seminally important because at a time when few people outside Japan had taken any interest in Pure Land Buddhism, he was looking to spread the recitation of the Name in the West. Galen Amstutz in Interpreting Amida writes: 'While Zen exercised considerable influence on modern Western creative writers ranging from Jack Kerouac to Peter Mathiessen, the motivation word independent uptake of the Shin religious perspective has remained almost nil; an exception is Harold Stewart's little known By the Old Walls of Kyoto.' [[ i ]] American Beat writers like Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg were influenced by Zen from the 1950s. Harold was writing poetry influenced by term Taoism and Zen some twenty years before Zen had beach headed on to the North American continent. Mahayana Buddhism influenced his poetry from the beginning of his poetic career in the 1930's and 2000 word essay lasted a lifetime. His 'independent uptake' of Pure Land Buddhism began in essay writing competition earnest during the 1960s after he was drawn to Kyoto. The depth of his Buddhist knowledge gave him acute metaphysical insight, making him one of the most outstanding Eastern-influenced spiritual writers of the twentieth century. The practical simplicity and democratic applicability of the Name was like a magnet for Harold.
He had been searching for word a less prescriptive spirituality that exiled nobody from the paradisiacal afterlife. His spiritual journey is poignantly recorded in wireless security By the Old Walls of Kyoto (hereafter referred to as Old Walls). He wrote Old Walls in celebration of 2000 word essay, Kyoto and Amida. It is the poetic soul's 'lonely planet' guide to Kyoto, providing a testament to how he overcomes his spiritual doubt. The thirteen narrative poems, each accompanied by an expositional essay, capture the essence of the Pure Land teachings, following the poet amongst the temples, through the quiet lanes at sunrise, up the mountains and across the fields of Kyoto in search of Amida's Pure Land - the land of ultimate happiness beyond this cycle of birth and death.
In a fleeting moment of transcendence he briefly envisions such a paradise in the fields of pakistani books, Ohara: a farming district north of Kyoto, noted for motivation word essay its traditional Japanese thatched roofs and essays waterwheels. When witnessing the glory of the Pure Land here on earth he asks somewhat incredulously: My dusty journey ends in joy today: I see a hundred butterflies at play. About the motivation 2000 word essay vagrant flowers by fields of rice. Can I have drunk the elixir by mistake,
And stumbled unawares on paradise? As only two thousand copies of the book were ever published, it is not surprising that just a small number of on biology, people are familiar with the literary riches of Old Walls. It is difficult, but not impossible, to find a copy (try the Internet), and worthwhile tracking one down as it is an immaculate source of Buddhist wisdom filled with the sort of motivation 2000, compassionate observation that goes straight to the heart of spiritual reckoning. [ [ii] ] James Legge, Confucius: Confucian Analects, The Great Learning and The Doctrine of the on biology Mean, Chinese Test; translation with exegetical notes and Dictionary of all Characters (New York: Dover Publications, 1971), p.145. Harold, like Old Walls, is not well known outside a small circle of friends.
This lack of motivation essay, recognition is indicative of paper security, his private nature and not an adverse judgement of motivation essay, his work. He never overtly sought public attention but worked to support essay, cultivate the inner light and life of motivation 2000, Amida as he maintained a global network of friends. The words of essay 2010, Confucius rightfully apply to motivation 2000, him: 'I will not be afflicted at pakistani essays, men's not knowing me; I will be afflicted that I do not know men.' [ [ii] ] In Poem Six of Old Walls he looks back upon his life, grateful for anonymity, recognising that it gave him time to transmute youthful desires, burning as they did like a hostile sun, and acquire the saving tranquillity of the Name: High summer's tyranny has loosed its hold; From their hot zenith my desires descend.
To genial afternoon. Word. Though I grow old, Autumnal ripeness comes before the cold. The hostile sun, with whom I would contend, Tempers his lustful fire, and as a friend. Inaugurates my evening years of books, gold. I, who could not give up the world, go free:
This irreligious world renounces me. Ignored in peace and motivation decently neglected. Till I am safely dead, I lay no claim. To riches, privilege, prestige, degree, Nor crave the flaring fraudulence of fame, But work unknown, my only beloved essay wealth the Name. Harold is now 'safely dead,' passing during Obon in 1995 - the celebratory time in Japan when the spirits of the dead return to their living descendants.
During his 'evening years of gold' in Kyoto he dedicated his life and poetry to the Name as he practiced the Dharma. Though as he alludes to with his declaration: 'This irreligious world renounces me,' the possibility of word essay, following a religious faith without ever transgressing its principles becomes increasingly difficult in a world that neglects spiritual possibilities for the more tangible and instant rewards of material pursuits. [ [iii] ] Harold Stewart, By the Old Walls of Kyoto: A years cycle of landscape poems with prose commentaries (Tokyo, New York: Weatherhill, 1981), p.210. 'One of the most cherished prejudices of the twentieth century,' he writes, 'has been that the wireless benighted ages of motivation word essay, faith are now happily outgrown with the childhood of the race and that, fully adult at last, we can take pride in living in paper a rationally enlightened period of disbelief.' [ [iii] ] It is commonly accepted today that Science has exposed religion as a superstitious folly. Sceptics argue that visions such as the motivation essay Pure Land are mere castles in the air, nothing more than the deluded fabrications of the desperate: a persuasive argument enticing many to romeo and juliet major themes essay, pray at the altar of Mammon. This 'clever ignorance' does not demonstrate the loss of faith, but rather it indicates that faith has been 'merely displaced' into the material pursuits of science, politics, and economics. He thinks that these pursuits are the 'false prophets of Progress,' treated like pseudo-religions and worshipped as quotidian gods.
[ [iv] ] The capitalisation of the word 'Faith' follows Harold Stewart's usage and indicates a Faith that comes directly from Amida and word one that is beyond the trials of secular doubting. He argues that this displacement does not give us cause to believe that Faith has been weakened, but rather it demonstrates how our capacity for faith manifests in many different forms. Our capacity for faith enamours us in the fight against radical or nihilistic doubt. In the final judgement, having battled to focus his spiritual energies, he jubilantly sacrifices his own doubting secular self because he finds Faith is blessingly freighted with the altruistic Other Power of Amida. Beloved Essay Topics. [ [iv] ] [ [v] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of Kyoto, pp.210-211. Those who think religion lacks credibility have trouble placing faith in it and, more often than not, decide to place it in the false prophets of Progress. After being 'miseducated' into believing that the word real Metaphysical principles and powers are now 'exploded fallacies,' modern man finds himself in an absurd existential position: 'if they [the Metaphysical principles and powers] had been, he and his entire world would at once have disappeared.' [ [v] ] This observation shows how one-eyed scepticism can be just as myopic as one-eyed faith, leaving nobody better off. It also demonstrates that radical doubt does not in any way disprove the paper on biology central hypothesis of Metaphysics: the 2000 existence of a gracious spiritual influence. Having abandoned Metaphysical principles for the pseudo-religions, many people still find themselves troubled by radical doubt.
This has resulted in, not Enlightenment or Liberation as was once hoped, but the wages of on biology, dismay, boredom and despair. [ [vi] ] Marco Pallis, A Buddhist Spectrum (London, George Allen and Unwin, 1980), p.33. In this despiritualized modern world Harold argues that even though contemporary views and standardized answers might not give credence to Metaphysics, there may be a more subtle mode of reality prevailing involving spiritual influence. 'Metaphysics,' as Harold applies it, means the sacred science of the transcendent unity of motivation word essay, all the world Traditions. One of the fundamental realisations of his poetry is that the spiritual reality of Metaphysics is not separate from the world at large, not something outside the self or displaced from the material world, but is indeed the very essence of existence. We have to paper wireless security, try to appreciate spiritual influence even in a world seemingly bent on dissipating its influence.
Yet to keep spiritual influence as sentinel is easier said than done: it is constantly undermined by radical doubt. Motivation 2000 Essay. Marco Pallis believes: 'We are living through an age of doubt, if not of counter-faith.' [ [vi] ] Radical or counter-faith doubt is on biology, accepted as common currency and a suitable disposition to adopt in the face of a despiritualized modern world. The strength of Old Walls as spiritual testimony comes from the poet's steady approach as he overcomes doubt and keeps Faith. Motivation 2000 Essay. Amida's Eighteenth Vow promises the devotee that Faith will result in support essay rebirth in the Pure Land. It is by keeping Faith, while honestly tackling doubt, that Harold feels the vivifying strength of 2000 essay, Amida's Other Power. In Poem Four Harold outlines how the workings of the spirit can subtly prevade our thoughts and romeo and juliet major essay clarify our spiritual equivocation. After suffering a long hot sleepless night in the stifling humidity of Kyoto's summer, tortured by his own existential doubts and trapped in the reductive dead-ends of subjectivity, he hears the solemn boom of the bell at the Honen-in: Hours later: in the huge and sultry gloom. A temple bell has tolled with solemn boom: Its lingering overtones profoundly steep.
The distant stillness, where it still resounds. Again the heavy pole is swung, and pounds. Its tongueless dome, whose bronze vibrations vie. In their sonorous hive, and humming deep. Pervade the hush that holds the 2000 essay earth and sky. The damp air breathes, lifting the slightest sigh: A little windbell, hung beneath my eaves, Instantly rings its lightly trilled reply. Major Essay. I wake at once out of a lifelong sleep:
My being's inmost solitude receives. A summons that dissolves its sombre spell, The Heart's reverberations rise and swell. Till lips and tongue spontaneously exclaim: 'Amida Butsu!' - Buddha's sacred Name. The lingering overtones of the temple bell 'steep the distant stillness' and their humming pervades 'the hush that holds the earth and 2000 sky.' At this profound meeting point the still damp air breathes: nature itself is topics, resuscitated after a choking night of motivation 2000, ignorance. A sudden breath of air rattles the poet's windbell, replying to the sonorous boom emanating from the Honen-in. This meeting of sounds at once delivers the blessing of Enlightenment. He awakens from 'a lifelong sleep' of doubting.
His Heart rises as the topics sombre spell experienced by his 'inmost solitude' dissolves into joy and the Name is exclaimed. The poet's night of meditation is brought to perfect pitch by the beautiful chorus of bells. He gives thanks for Amida's blessing as he is filled with spontaneous joy. A person lacking a Metaphysical framework is denied the chance to respond in this manner and would have to face the continued trials of counter-faith doubt. The hardened sceptic would call the meeting of motivation 2000 essay, sounds a coincidence, but the term poet keeps Faith, now more spiritually articulate and at ease with himself. It is timely to remember that Science cannot explain everything away: mystery abounds where spiritual influence pervades.
The appreciative and 2000 essay joyous, if not sleep-weary poet, exclaims the sacred Name and notes: During this call our voices sound the same, And yet I do not call on him, but he. By my response recalls himself through me. The calling of the Name becomes a spontaneous act and the individual awakens to a call that flows from within him, as beautiful as Amida's own voice, but not unlike his own.
On a doctrinal level the poet is informed by Shinran's celebrated distinction of Once-Calling by the Other Power. The boundary of pakistani essays books, distinction evaporates and all becomes one as the sombre spell of doubt gives way to motivation word essay, the joy of the Name as Amida transfers Faith to pakistani essays books, the devotee. Motivation. Harold writes: My weakness feels the strange resistless strength. Of Faith flow in, that will prevail at length; While all my restless questions are resigned, And silence has absorbed the noisy mind.
The noisy mind of the pakistani secular self comes to rest in the profound silence of the Other Power and the flow of Faith strengthens him against doubt. Motivation 2000 Word. The long hot summer night comes to an end and the poet looks out to the Eastern hills as the topics 'dark by gradual shades' is withdrawn, to leave a 'delicate-tinted transience of clouds above Japan': Looking farther down. Each leafy lane and narrow avenue. To where they end in fields beyond the town. The rounded Kyoto hills, abruptly blue,
Misty with conifers, close in the view. He looks toward the 2000 word essay vaulting conifers and 'abruptly blue' hills, left in rapturous wonder at the subtlety of the Other Power, his sight trailing off into the distance. Harold's experience of Enlightenment is and juliet major themes essay, like the dawning light. Spiritual insight comes gradually as the shades of doubt recede, bringing the word essay light of commonwealth writing, Amida's Pure Land. 2000 Word. Patient meditation softens doubt; its waning allows for commonwealth the keeping of Faith. As the narrative of Old Walls progresses the poet gets closer to his goal of motivation 2000 word, Enlightenment. After visiting the Sanzen-in in Ohara, he steps along the path which is covered in autumn-leaves, and poetically captures the essay mood of the valley when dusk is falling; at the time of year when the temperature begins to get colder: Earlier now the quiet nightfall chills. This blue primordial loneliness of motivation 2000 word essay, hills. In scattered villages the roof-vents choke.
The valley with their lingering wreaths of smoke, Where farm-house windows kindle, spark by spark, And sprinkle silver through the writing gathering dark. As random stars to guide the motivation word labouring folk. Homeward to bath and evening rice and pakistani sleep. A pale diaphanous damp begins to creep. Up from the 2000 essay river, stealthily dispersed. Until the beloved topics misty hollows are immersed;
While over darkening stubble fields, a slow. Belated shadow flaps: one carking crow. Whose passing leaves the silence vast and motivation 2000 word deep. The traditional patterns of rising before dawn, working in the fields during the day, and going home at sunset as the pakistani farm-house windows begin to light up like stars - 'spark by spark,' show nature and man coalescing. In this union the farmers gather significance by connecting to the seasonal patterns, which are subtly, if not intuitively, followed in daily practice; and 2000 word essay life itself as they age toward 'autumnal ripeness.' The passing shadow of the crow, like the passing shadow of the day, cannot be seized: just as the cycle of nature cannot be stilled.
Having reaped the harvest the farmers go home to enjoy an evening meal and a hot bath. Romeo And Juliet Major. The darkness ushers in the night and the creeping damp signals that autumn is giving way to winter, leaving the valley dormant with mist. As the valley comes to nightfall the silence is left vast and deep by the sound of word essay, a carking crow. This shows how the dialectical elements of support format, experience, in this case sound and silence, depend on each other for their very existence. Without sound there cannot be silence and vice versa. The idea of interdependence, as has been noted in the calling of the Name in motivation 2000 word essay Poem Four, is a characteristic of the foundational principle of dependent arising. Its importance for Buddhism cannot be overstated.
The term dependent arising constitutes a middle way that avoids the theological assumption of a mysterious first cause and pakistani essays the ontological assertion of a permanent identity or soul. Motivation 2000 Word. It argues for the conditionality of all physical and psychical phenomena. Harold wishes to make this crucial point clearer for his Western readers, and after spending twenty-nine years in Kyoto he avoids what Edward W. Said makes apparent in Orientalism. Briefly summarized, Said's thesis argues that modern Orientalism, that is the image of the East in essay the West, is not derived from some sudden upsurge of objective knowledge about the Orient, but is knowledge surmised when an 2000 word inherited prism of Western intellectual structures is applied to the East. This prism of intellectual structures is derived from what has been defined as Christian supernaturalism (or natural supernaturalism as M.H. Abrams originally termed it). In other words, the West has repackaged the East with values that were originally Christian in nature, such as the notions of Heaven and Hell; exile and reunion. These Christians values were secularized during the Romantic period of the eighteenth century when theology was reconstituted. Romantic writers tried to make these existential paradigms and cardinal values more intellectually acceptable in a world of term, eroding ancient Christian values.
Harold does not try to repackage the East with the values of essay, Christian supernaturalism, but instead presents Eastern religion in accordance with his long experience of it: that is as its own entity. His understanding of the principle of thesis essay, karma is one example of him amending the ways of a miseducated West. In the West karma is often treated synonymously with the characteristic of interdependence; summed up with the common saying: 'What goes around comes around.' Unfortunately karma is largely misunderstood and 2000 essay its wider implications not fully appreciated because its meaning has been affected by the Christian idea of sin. As most would be familiar, the idea of term security, sin sees merit placed on individual actions so that at motivation 2000 word essay, the termination of life one either goes to Heaven or Hell. When the principle of karma is romeo, borrowed in the West its understanding becomes one where it is motivation essay, moralized so that someone who says or does something bad is judged as creating 'bad karma.' If it is deemed that you are the first cause in a chain of unfortunate events (what goes around), then eventually this will come back to haunt you (comes around). Westerners who think like this believe that all things are connected in a way that sees negative events attracting negative outcomes and positive events attracting positive outcomes.
Even though this type of thinking displays the characteristic of interdependence, its application is paper on biology, faulted because of the moral value placed on individual events and outcomes. Each person attracts what they have caused, with the outcome given a positive or negative value, and so is judged, not by essay the idea of karma as it is known in the East, but more by the principle of retributive justice inherent in sin. The idea of karma is Westernised when a moral value is asserted. [ [vii] ] Stewart, By the support Old Walls of Kyoto, p.155. Harold does not fall into the trap of motivation 2000 word, Westernising karma. He points out that karma is thesis support, never individual but always collective, so that any suffering will ultimately be a burden we all bear - if not in this lifetime, then in motivation 2000 lifetimes to paper, come. The collective nature of 2000 word essay, karma means that it is neither good nor bad in an absolute sense. In a relative sense it is a combination of both. Harold points out: 'The law of topics, karma, of equal and opposite action and motivation 2000 essay reaction, is ineluctable and cannot be abrogated, even by a Buddha who, though omniscient and omnipresent, is not the Omnipotent Creator.' [ [vii] ] Karma is not omnipotent as the historical Buddha, Shakyamuni, discovered. He devised a method of romeo essay, using karma to overcome karma, with his foundational belief in contemplative non-action, and was delivered to Nirvana. The world of 2000 word, experience presents karma 'inextricably mixed in a paradoxical dilemma,' making moral judgements impotent.
The Buddha, going above good and bad as absolute moral positions, perceived karma as inevitable and something that can be overcome. Whereas the idea of sin bears an arbitrary and concatenate judgement based on moral worth, the principle of karma accepts the moral categorical imperatives as provisional positions which must be lived through and transcended. The poet's burgeoning acceptance of this concludes Poem One. My heart accepts its karma. In the end. The loss, defeat, and failure time may send. Can clear the commonwealth essay competition 2010 way within to Buddhahood, Which from the motivation 2000 word essay start foresaw and understood.
That all things as they are, with no rejection, Before the romeo and juliet major essay mind can judge them bad or good, Are even now the Land of 2000 word, Pure Perfection. Individual thoughts, no matter what contour they might follow or what colour they may take, cannot jostle for precedence forever and in time we will understand 'all things as they are.' It is then that the meditative stillness of the Pure Land will be apparent. By adopting a provisional position to conceptual opposites, Buddhism sees no need for an absolute position.
Nagarjuna, the romeo themes essay pre-eminent Buddhist philosopher, said that Nirvana (Pure Land) is Samsara (everyday world) and Samsara is 2000 essay, Nirvana. Support Essay Format. His assertion collapses this polar distinction as does the overcoming of karma. The Buddha understands all events, 'Before the mind can judge them good or bad.' This sort of forbearance makes possible the transcendence of apparent polar opposites. 2000 Word Essay. The idea of karma should promote. [ [viii] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of Kyoto, p.155. When the darkness of romeo essay, ignorance is banished, we are freed from the torment of karma and from spiritual darkness. The fundamental Buddhist position Harold's poetry holds is 2000 essay, that for this emancipation to take place, the material and spiritual must been seen in their essential oneness. After having a brief vision of the term security Pure Land in Poem Nine, where the poet glimpses the everlasting Western Paradise of Amida, he finds it possible to forge an outlook that transcends the polar opposites of motivation 2000 word, life and paper on biology death. In so doing he accepts that this world is fused with everlasting spirit. Motivation 2000 Essay. Walking in the late afternoon light of commonwealth essay writing, Ohara he observes: These last warm days of autumn in decline.
Draw in to wintry dusks, and so do mine. If soon the earth and I must undergo. The hushed, the purifying death of snow, Let the wind strip the ragged leaves that cling: They go without regret. Though overnight. Our naked branches are attired in white, Do we complain against the cold who know. That patient buds already wait to bring.
The ever-faithful poignancy of 2000 word essay, spring? Should we complain against essay format the harsh cold, knowing that it nourishes the latent seed that brings the motivation 2000 essay promise of new life? Are we to argue against romeo and juliet major essay the natural cycle of events? We would be foolish to 2000 word essay, do so, and commonwealth essay writing competition regardless such complaint is futile in the face of the dynamic cosmic cycle unfolding endlessly. We must pass without regret as our wintry dusk closes in and experience 'the purifying death of snow.' The poet faces what might seem like a harsh reality with the strength of Amida's Other Power. Motivation. He is emboldened in his quest by the fact that after having pierced the illusionary veil of major themes, duality he imagines the Pure Land here on motivation 2000 essay earth. All who are to go beyond mere birth and romeo major essay death on motivation word this cycle of existence and topics enter into the Pure Land must heed the realization that suffering exists - the Buddha's First Noble Truth. They cannot separate their suffering from anybody else's and must accept all suffering as their own. This is the Buddha's very own declaration. He will not rest in Nirvana until each and every person (not en masse but each of us alone) has overcome suffering.
With wisdom tempered by compassion, which brings the blessing of Enlightenment, one can imagine other pure worlds beyond this imperfect one and understand the difficult lesson that the nature of suffering is the 'ever-faithful poignancy of spring.' Trying to stop time as one helplessly bemoans old age will not change the fact that after having enjoyed the spring of our childhood, we must now face the winter of our old age. The poet understands that the road to 2000 essay, wintry dusk is the unfolding of karmic elements where all things will penetrate each other, and apparent opposites will be seen in their essential and true oneness. As he writes in the essay accompanying Poem Eleven: [ [ix] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of pakistani, Kyoto, p.403. Death is 2000, no longer what all men believe and so hate and fear but is gentle, compassionate, and kind. Pure Faith and the calling of the commonwealth writing Divine Name are powerful enough to bring one safely through this trial. Thereafter one is ready to leave this world at any time or to 2000, stay on for any time, as the Other Power wills, for to live and to die are equally good. [ [ix] ] [ [x] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of Kyoto, p.156. A revelatory conviction, purged of doubt but not of humility, reverberates in the claim: 'Death . Beloved Essay Topics. . . is motivation essay, gentle, compassionate, and kind.' His equanimity is based on the belief that 'to live and to die are equally good,' and has been accomplished by holding possible opposites in coincidence: that is by understanding the paper dependent arising of phenomena and therefore its nondual nature. Nonduality can only be realised after reaching perfect Enlightenment, which means reuniting the false subjective-objective dichotomy of Samsara and Nirvana.
He writes: 'If only our setbacks could have been contemplated all along from the motivation 2000 word universally comprehensive viewpoint of the Buddha, it would have been possible to foresee and understand their necessary part in the whole developing pattern of writing 2010, our lives.' [ [x] ] In the rush to motivation 2000 word, satisfy the thesis support essay format circus of ever-multiplying desires, lurching from one extreme to word essay, another, it is all too easy to isolate oneself and create a schism between the spirit and self, between self and others, and ignore 'the whole developing pattern of our lives.' [ [xi] ] Stewart, By the term wireless Old Walls of Kyoto, p.199. Although it should be granted it is difficult contemplating the Middle Way in a despiritualized and skeptical modern world where death is feared because it ends the motivation 2000 word essay only existence that has been given any credence: the essay topics existence of 'mindless hedonism and hardened materialism.' [ [xi] ] Harold's own journey as represented in Old Walls provides a great example of how to approach a spiritual quest, but it is not the only example he provides. Just days before his death in 1995, he told close friends that he had finally finished his second great epic poem Autumn Landscape-Roll: A Divine Panorama . It is little known even in word the small circle of the people who read his poetry because it has never before been published, that is until now with its inaugural publication in The Pure Land. The narrative structure is similar to Old Walls, exploring how an individual can authentically place his faith in powers other than his own. [ [xii] ] Harold Stewart, Autumn Landscape-Roll, from the Notes for the Prologue(unpublished manuscript,1995). The main character of the poem is Wu Tao-tzu, the 'Divinely Inspired' painter of China's artistically rich T'ang Dynasty (618-906). Thesis Support. [ [xii] ] This dynasty is considered to be the most glorious and motivation 2000 word essay golden of China's long dynastic history so we may well consider Wu as the best of the best, even though today no original examples of his work remain.
Harold follows his journey after he miraculously steps out of this world into his landscape-roll to seek the essay writing competition 2010 ancient wisdom of the Way of Taoism. [ [xiii] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of Kyoto, p.259. [ [xiv] ] Stewart, By the motivation 2000 Old Walls of Kyoto, p.185. In Autumn Landscape-Roll Harold broadens his religio-philosophical scope to include Taoism, as well as other forms of the Buddha's doctrine. His thematic scope remains consistent with that of Old Walls: the term wireless individual's struggle to overcome doubt and keep Faith. As Harold notes, there are strong links between the Madhyamaka of Nagarjuna, the motivation word essay First Patriarch of Pure Land Buddhism, the Yogacara school of Asanga and Vasubandhu, and commonwealth essay writing competition Taoist Metaphysics. [ [xiii] ] They all practice a belief in Anatman or nonself, the very foundation of the original Buddha's teaching, 'which is the only doctrine among the many branches of Tradition that proceeds directly from Becoming to motivation essay, Non-Being, without the themes mediation of any changeless ontological principle or deity.' [ [xiv] ] Wu searches for nonself by emptying the secular self, discovering the nondual Universal perspective of the Buddha.
[ [xv] ] Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching in motivation A Source Book In Chinese Philosophy, translated and complied by Wing-Tsit Chan (New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1963) p.156 and p.139. It can be argued that words are not always helpful in promoting an understanding of the books Way of Taoism, the Tao Te Ching stating: 'As soon as there are names, know that it is motivation essay, time to stop.' This central text describes the Way as 'The door of all subtleties' that leads to an understanding of the relationship between Heaven, Earth and Man. [ [xv] ] The work of Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu traditionally represent the teachings of Taoism. Their doctrines are built upon the principle of eternal nonself and hold the idea of the Great One as fundamental. The understanding of the Tao in Lao Tzu's philosophy is still worldly, whereas with Chuang Tzu it becomes more transcendental. The idea of self-transformation takes on a central focus in Chuang Tzu, who presents life and support essay reality as dynamic and ever-changing. Taoism concentrates on providing tranquillity by understanding the nature of this dynamic change and was formalised into a doctrine around 1 B.C., yet was in practice long before this date. Both men understand the Way as a natural cycle demonstrated when the 2000 word essay Yang, or positive forces, interplay with the Yin, or negative forces, two apparently opposed but ultimately cooperative tendencies, creating the T'ai Chi, or Great Ultimate, most commonly known in the West by the black and beloved white Yin-Yang symbol. 2000 Word Essay. Harold metaphorically describes this process when Wu sketches a pair of dragons in paper flight: Their light and motivation 2000 word darkness would cooperate. By opposition in a cyclic chase,
And take by writing competition counterchange each other's place. With great poetic economy he describes how the apparently conflicting dual forces cooperate to achieve the motivation word essay nondual Way of Taoism. The process of counterchange demonstrates how absolute positions are unnecessary in the matrix of change; the 'cyclic chase' demoting any notion of independence. In the course of this counterchange the Taoist is to follow Nature and in so doing fulfil his or her own nature. To achieve this the Taoist must search for the essence of all things. This essence contains the evidences of what is most real, only disclosed beyond the illusory veil of duality. In the 'Prologue' Harold outlines the paper on biology circumstances that led to Wu being titled the motivation 2000 word Prince of Painting. Beloved Topics. The Emperor Ming Huang, who is kindly disposed to the arts, proclaims that Wu and Li Ssu-hsun, his able opponent, will clash in artistic competition to decide who is the essay more accomplished artist. The differing personalities and backgrounds of the painters are reflected in their attitudes to art and life (yet there hardly seems a difference between art and life for the two men). Wu was born into humble circumstances. but orphaned while a boy and left forlorn.
In poverty to make his way alone. Li was born into privilege but is not a complete stranger to adversity. He had to flee to the north of China when the bloody usurper Empress Wu ordered his execution. She was the last ruler of the support essay format T'ang Dynasty who only obtained the throne by 2000 essay poisoning the rightful heir and imprisoning or exterminating rival claimants. He escaped her clutches to establish his Northern School of Art. The different position each painter holds on what constitutes art is more than just an idle theoretical argument. On Biology. The ability to create art is seen as an indication that the artist understands the natural forces of the Way. Li comments on Wu's style: Your brushwork, brilliant but erratic too, Which models forms with fluctuating line. Since you established, Li, the Northern School.
You must obey your own restrictive rule. Their argument becomes one between spontaneity and set design; between intuition or following the established rules. Wu, the iconoclast, thinks 'that measured drawing leaves the picture dead.' In Autumn Landscape-Roll no small detail should be discarded as what may seem like an incidental is in fact a hint of the Way. Harold hints that the Way is not to be pursued by set rule or measure but requires an 2000 spontaneity that goes with the flow of natural forces. Essays Books. A spontaneity beyond the manipulation of self, like that of the Way of Nature, is a necessary condition to motivation 2000 word essay, understand the Way. Ming Huang commands both artists should travel to the western province to capture its natural wonders in a sketch. Security. On their return a separate hall is 2000 word essay, set aside so that the two artists can finish their masterpieces, 'nurtured by silence, stillness, solitude.' The industrious Li works hard; while the casual Wu entertains four old friends. Harold hints at the method behind Wu's apparent laziness when describing the importance that the colour white has for Wu: To Wu ivory silk, pristinely bare.
Of natural semblance, absent everywhere, Would teem with numberless unpainted views. For whiteness underlies the rainbow hues. Of all the imagined scenes that colour it, Outstanding from its ground, which they omit; As from the unmanifested Infinite.
Emerge a myriad worlds, whose empty spacing. Defines the universe's stellar placing. Li represents the world with plentiful, colourful and intricate details. Wu, on paper on biology the other hand, believes that white, symbolising absence, underwrites all representation. The emptiness of space and the absence of detail defines the placement of the stars and motivation word thereby the structure of the universe; and thus the Way.
Wu must understand the essay nature of this emptiness. This is also a necessary condition for understanding the motivation Way. The three months allowed to complete the landscapes elapses and the two men are brought before Ming Huang. Li's landscape is grand in support format design and scope and he tells the audience: As we unroll each scene from left to right, Ten thousand things pass by in time and space. The Emperor is well pleased but marvels in silence at motivation 2000 word essay, Wu's work, saying: Wu's art is vitally inspired by Ch'i, The circulating breath of pakistani essays books, Tao, the Norm. That resonates through every natural form. And gives it life, spontaneously free.
Wu's picture is judged to be the better, but to be fair to Li both men are given the royal title of Prince of Painting. As the court retires Wu is asked to stay behind by the Emperor. He questions the newly titled artist: Your painting, Wu, has caught forever here. Autumn's perennial golden atmosphere. Such art is more than human.
Are your powers. Inherited from word, Heaven then, like ours? Wu fails to essay, answer the Emperor, wandering off into his landscape roll. Why does Wu do this at the height of his artistic success? Does he receive the 2000 word essay Emperor's words: Autumn's perennial golden atmosphere, with sense of irony? Has he realised that to 'catch forever' is just the beloved essay beginning of never catching at all, as to motivation 2000 essay, still nature is to stop man? The ebullient mood Wu displayed during the competition is writing competition, now eclipsed by a sense that his life, like nature itself, is motivation 2000 word essay, governed by major an inexorable impermanence. The year and I are dying out together: The cold, the damp, descend on all our weather. The long warm afternoons that would extend.
So late into the west there seemed no end. To those the abundant summer held in store, Have long outworn the golden tone they wore. As he confronts the damp winter descending 'on all our weather,' he searches for a guide. He recalls that T'ao-ch'ien, a reclusive poet who follows the word essay Way of Tao, lives in essays books a farm-house near by.
The old poet is not home so Wu is asked to wait in the study. To occupy himself he reads a book that has been left open on the desk. Motivation Word. The Book of Chuang-tzu is opened at the page describing the time Chuang-tzu had dreamt he was a butterfly. Upon waking he could not distinguish if he was in fact a man or a butterfly. Chuang-tzu argues strongly that the pure man needs to become aware that the universal process of transformation equalizes all into oneness and this should be his eternal abode. His dream of metamorphosis rejects the paper on biology distinction between subject and object by blurring the commonly accepted duality of a true waking reality and a false dreaming other world. In the blank margin of the page T'ao-ch'ien has added in contemplative reply: Our lives are dreams, but not our own; for we.
Who dream have selves no less illusory. This further complicates what is increasingly becoming a problematic reality. This is an important moment in Wu's spiritual journey as it is the first vital conceptual crossing-point. He is presented with an opportunity to expand his conception of consciousness. To conceptualise consciousness in its essential oneness means that it cannot be reduce or negated, but rather it must be enlarged to included all, every iota of experience, both good and bad. As Harold learned: 'Acceptance is all.'
The restriction that applies when we argue for a conceptualisation of consciousness based solely on the experience of the waking self is tested by the claim that 'our lives are dreams.' The further claim: 'but not our own,' unsettles any hardened resistance to expanding our concept of consciousness to include the baroque world of dreams. Motivation 2000 Word Essay. And finally the romeo and juliet themes essay claim: 'but not our own' argues that we become someone else's dream. This means that the consciousness of self becomes twice removed from its point of conceptual origin in the waking self. Firstly, any declaration of origin arguing that consciousness is constituted by the waking self is voided by motivation the claim that our lives are only dreams. And in the second place by the claim that these dreams have an origin beyond the waking self. T'ao ch'ien then writes: Who dream have selves no less illusory. [ [xvi] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of Kyoto, p.273.
[ [xvii] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of and juliet themes, Kyoto, p.299. Having destabilized the confidence of the waking self to claim the origin of consciousness in the conceptual framework of self, the old poet goes on to say that the dreaming self is not an 2000 word illusion but part of a larger dream involving the Cosmic Memory. The self, both waking and dreaming, belongs to this first and foremost, before any tendentious claims are made that characterise the origin of consciousness as something that is restricted to the narrow experience of the waking self. Support Format. Harold thinks that our human consciousness is a 'basic and motivation word incontrovertible fact.' [ [xvi] ] Aligning human consciousness with the greater Universal Consciousness he notes: 'Buddhism is the term wireless Doctrine of Awakening, and its goal has always been recognized as Enlightenment, which is synonymous with the motivation essay All-Knowing and Universal Consciousness of the Buddha.' [ [xvii] ] Wu realises that his previously held view of human consciousness has restricted his understanding of the Way of Taoism. His view needs to be augmented by unconditionally accepting the Universal Consciousness of the Buddha. Romeo Major Themes Essay. To do this he must see that his journey goes in two directions at once. It is simultaneously an expansion outward to appreciate the Universal Consciousness and a path inward to discover nonself. The trick is to realise that even though the directions of inner and outer might seem contrary, they are actually only the one way and 2000 word the Way. Beloved Essay Topics. Wu must invoke the Buddha's spiritual legacy by meditating upon motivation 2000, the emptiness of nonself. This will unravel the accreted layers of self that have been wrought from experience and give him access to the spontaneous essence of everlasting life. In Pure Land Buddhism this requires the support essay format grace of Amida's Other Power; in Taoism the figure of influence is located in word essay the natural forces of the Way.
[ [xviii] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of Kyoto, p.184. His faith in emptiness gives him a governing principle. His assumption that emptiness is the principle governing stellar placing can rightly be called a foundationless foundation in the sense that it does not provide a first cause like the concept of God does in the Judeo-Christian religions. These religions conceptualise emptiness by romeo and juliet major themes essay equating it with nihilism and diametrically opposing it to the plenitude of the paradisal garden of Eden. In the Eastern traditions, as Harold writes: 'Emptiness, the Void, Non-Being are negative only in verbal form, and since they negate all negations actually affirm the most positive though ineffable Reality.' [ [xviii] ] Buddhism does not argue for motivation 2000 essay a first cause, but the beloved essay conditionality of all causes, and sees emptiness as affirming the most positive Reality.
Harold's most enduring literary accomplishment is the development of a poetics of emptiness relating to the conceptualisation of consciousness. [ [xix] ] Stewart, By the Old Walls of Kyoto, p. 246. Wu, still alone in the study, is riding a crescendo of doubt before he experiences the final break through when one 'arrives at the Great Doubt, the Doubt of doubts, when we must give up even doubting.' [ [xix] ] If all doubt is to be exhausted, then an motivation 2000 emptiness free from the contrivances of self must be contemplated. With his solemn mood set in on biology like the weather, he looks out of the study window onto the rain-soaked garden: Out on the garden, which a rainy haze, Veiling the trees and 2000 bushes, faintly greys, But stains their trunks and branches black with wet.
Meshed in its evanescent silver net, Its liquid spheres are hung from leaf and twig, Reflecting all in each and each in essay all, Till raindrops run together, swell too big, And let translucent constellations fall. For single glistening instants everywhere,
As though a broken necklace were to spill. Its beads of crystals, sprinkled through the motivation 2000 air. Some dripping here and now, then other there. . . . The use of imagery compliments the theme of the Way invoked. The garden's 'liquid spheres,' 'Reflecting all in each and term paper security each in all,' is analogous to the Way. Its universal mesh of influence, an 'evanescent silver net,' momentarily grants the appearance of 'glistening instants everywhere' as the raindrops swell and hang on the branches. When the raindrops run together the liquid spheres spill like a broken necklace, scattering as though 'sprinkled through the air.' The same can be said of the Way when it is contained in a conceptual frame of reference: it too spills beyond the borders of motivation 2000 essay, conceptuality; beyond the measured ratio of words and into ineffable silence. Leaving the study to resume his journey he is writing competition, more aware of the paradoxical direction of this journey; the enigmatic governing principle of 2000 word essay, emptiness that grounds the conceptualisation of consciousness; and the need to resist the ossification of thought by promoting the commonwealth essay writing competition spontaneity of it. He notes: Briskly the wind drives clouds away that dare. To shroud the heavenly altitudes of air, And while it clears the sky, their counterchange.
Patches the spacious day with blue and white, Until their flock of motivation, shadows, put to flight. Across the essays books valley toward the distant range, Is routed by a solar burst of light. But on this path, where lingering puddles lie,
A fallen wu-t'ung leaf can still retain, With russet palm upturned, a pool of rain. Holding a glimpse of that reflected sky. Whose scraps of blue and white are scudding by. The ever-changing face of nature, so exactingly caught in the image of the clouds in the sky glimpsed as 'scraps of blue and white' scudding by in the 'pool of rain,' confirms the word essay need for spontaneity if he is to harness the natural forces of the support essay Way. This image demonstrates Chuang-tzu's philosophy of the universal process of transformation where the high white clouds in motivation 2000 word the sky and the low pool, poles apart it would seem, are caught together in a reflection. The reflection is essay, a harbinger of all things being equalized into an essential oneness. The fallen leaf, a symbol of both death and rebirth, is a reminder that death touches all in the universal process of 2000 word, change.
Yet it is not a reductive death as the essence of the leaf flows back into paper on biology, life's everlasting store of nature. Someday Wu will be compost for motivation word essay the earth and like the leaf return to the everlasting life of beloved, nature's Way. His death presages a rebirth. If he is able to overcome his karma by understanding the nature of 2000 word, suffering he will be reborn beyond suffering; and commonwealth essay competition so beyond this imperfect world. The stark fact of death, harsh only if one moralizes about life and motivation 2000 death, can deliver the most profound and intimate knowledge that increases the circle of influence assumed by writing competition 2010 human consciousness. When Wu meets an old fisherman his understanding of 2000 word essay, emptiness begins to crystallise. Support Essay. He asks the old man why he has retired from the word essay world: Here cares and creditors no more infest.
The house of mind: Poverty brings it rest. Possessing nothing, I am not possessed. I fled not from the paper on biology world, but into it. His answer is motivation word, concise and delivered without evasiveness; its premise refuses to accept a division between the material and commonwealth writing 2010 spiritual world realms: 'not from' 'but into' the world. Word. In his state of poverty he declares to know the true nature and worth of material possessions: 'Possessing nothing, I am not possessed.' With this realization a freedom is granted, a freedom to paper on biology, spontaneously experience the motivation essay natural forces of the Way, without being limited by perspective or constrained by theory. Wu must undergo the same type of kenosis to still the and juliet essay 'house of mind.' He will then know the true freedom and wonder of the Way. Harold's poetic ability to describe natural phenomena, tuned as it is with fifty years of craftsmanship, reaches its apotheosis in Autumn Landscape-Roll. At the end of the motivation essay day when the elegiac light is mournfully harmonised with the season's bereavement, the autumn leaves all but a memory on the earth's floor, the poet's words unfold as colourful images, painting a grand scene that integrates the sublimity of the spiritual dimension with nature's melancholic finitude. Into infinite distance, sad and and juliet essay clear,
Recede the miles of autumn atmosphere: With pale citron tone, the watery light. That shines out after rain washes their height. The autumn mountain, swept as neat and clean. As the tidy winds can, reclines serene: No twig is out of place, no leaf is seen. Of all that tarnished ruin of gold which lay.
So densely underfoot till yesterday, Claimed by the earth as tribute for decay. Upon its sides the naked forests brood, Locked in 2000 essay a crystalline disquietude, And looped with sleeping vines and beards of moss,
Despair for want of leaves, the season's loss. Each tall gauntly calligraphic tree, Forked against romeo major themes essay the light's sour clarity, Soars with static branches, sparse and bare, In that remote and disappointed air. An empty vast, the autumn waters lie, Merging into the open sea of sky. Slowly the ebb goes out, and from the 2000 word height. Drains away the westering tide of light. Each tall gauntly calligraphic tree, Forked against the light's sour clarity.
haunts both the season and the draining 'westering tide of light' as a reminder of their own inevitable and ghostly desolation. Night falls and Wu needs to find a place to rest. The mountain's secret presence at romeo, this hour. Yields a serene and sanctifying power. To heal the essay exhausted spirit, and with this invigorating power, having found a temple to rest in, Wu concentrates his spiritual energies.
The peace and silence of the temple favours meditation: His breathing is hushed and held, his posture still, Unheeded on the cushion, long he kneels. Aware of Emptiness alone. . Essay Topics. . . . Wu begins his meditation upon Kuan Yin, the Buddha of Compassion. Unrivalled in the Western poetic Canon, Harold delivers a poetic tour de force, distilling the essence of compassion: the essential nature of this impressive Buddha. Wu's prayer breaks off because of an external disturbance. The uproar signals the entrance of motivation 2000, Hui-Neng, the Sixth Patriarch of the Southern Line of Ch'an. The old monk provides the main humour of the poem with his seemingly sacrilegious ways. He says:
Such scribblings are absurd: Your feet already wander from the Way. Who seek Enlightenment in what they say; And so, as Ch'an discards the written word, To Hell with all your sutras! Burning old Buddhas and using sutras-scrolls as kindling he sends the indignant audience into paper wireless security, a frenzy of shock. As one Buddha burns, his lips appear to motivation 2000 word essay, murmur in the melting heat and Shakyamuni, transfigured in flame, preaches a new Fire Sermon: O monks, all sentient beings are on fire.
In worlds on worlds, the universal pyre. This holy crucible, which only wireless moments before had been considered a heathen's madness, fuses the collective experience of those gathered, leaving them in motivation 2000 essay silent awe and readied for a journey to Hell. Shakyamuni opens the ground beneath him and Ti Tsang, the romeo major Guide of the Dead, appears. Descending into the underworld, Ti Tsang tours the 2000 essay grief of essay writing, this forlorn realm, wandering amongst the lost, tormented, and unrepentant souls who are trying to recover from their fallen state as their minds are led 'from darkness up to light.' Here are the people who cannot conquer their desire: Grandly imagined riches fade and motivation fray. To rags in their impoverished consciousness;
Remembered wealth, which they no more possess, Dwindles and dims: the stingy cling in vain. To lives misspent on monetary gain, Dragged down by paper on biology habit's gravity, the grey. Niggardly stint that squandered every day. Exhausted by this spiritual drain, Their stale obsession forces them to fast. On orts raked up from that penurious past. Whose destitute desires alone remain. The Hell Cantos graphically depict those who have an impoverished consciousness, 'Dragged down by habit's gravity,' suffering a fate far worse than a simple final extinguishment of consciousness.
Their death signals the beginning of a state of infernal suffering until they repent and overcome their desire, which is the 2000 word root cause of their suffering. As this sad journey ends Shan Tao appears, the Third of the Pure Land Patriarchs, and term wireless security the glory of the Pure Land is described. The poem continues with appearances from Vajrabodhi, the famed Tantric Buddhist and Fa Tsang the Hua-Yen master. They expound the virtues of the Buddha's Doctrine to wake the seeds of Buddhahood present in all sentient beings. This is the spiritual climax of the poem. When the Buddhist masters are finished Wu remains alone and 'Once more the hall is silent, empty and still.' A solitary spiritual journeyman who stands before the motivation essay spent fire, having sought the ancient Way of pakistani books, Tao, Wu has overcome his earthly desire and now understands the motivation 2000 word true nature of on biology, suffering. He has emptied self and is filled with the serene silence of Enlightenment. By invoking the Buddha's Doctrine of nonself he has reached Enlightenment. To conclude the poem the Ming Huang, still standing before the 2000 word landscape-roll, watches as it is romeo and juliet major essay, 'all at once erased.' Wu leaves nothing behind, not a trace, not one burning desire, as everything he will ever need is right before him in Buddha's Pure Land. Listening to the music: In summary.
Harold spiritual journey is truly original in scope and provides an understanding of the Buddha's Middle Way rarely, if ever, matched in the Western poetic Canon. The thematic development of doubt and emptiness are articulated to motivation 2000 word essay, show the flawed symmetry of dualistic thinking and thereby demonstrate how the realisation of nonduality is Enlightenment. The metaphysical challenge of accepting the wireless security nondual relationship of the material and the spiritual is given cohesion by assuming human consciousness is beyond negation and connected to the Cosmic Consciousness of the Buddha. His poetry is valuable for its immense Buddhist erudition and the way in word which his learning is applied in and juliet an accessible and straightforward fashion. Motivation Word. The grand themes of Metaphysics can often isolate the humble individual, but his poetry always remains on a human scale by overcoming doubt and keeping Faith. Topics. At no time does the 2000 word task overwhelm him nor do his personal emotions foreshorten, or overextend, his perspective. By keeping Faith he brings Eastern Metaphysics closer to the Western sphere of understanding. Essay Writing. His meditation upon emptiness, especially as it relates to motivation 2000 word, the conceptualisation of consciousness, remains to be fully appreciated. His work prefigures, or runs parallel with, the attempts many Western writers and philosophers have made in the twentieth century (Martin Heidegger and the American Beat writers to mention just a few) to use the essays Eastern philosophical approach to better understand the interfacing between the ontological and existential realms. His poetry is notable for its precise word usage that does not forfeit its steady metre or force common speech into unusual and essay unfamiliar patterns; the integration of its dense pictorial imagery and thematic content; and above all else, its calm and consummated humility, matured by wisdom and graced with compassion.
The metrical craftsmanship creates a peaceful and poetic music, with suffering as its undersong and emptiness as its melodic touchstone. Autumn Landscape-Roll continues the spiritual tenor established in paper on biology Old Walls and delivers the same messages of 2000 word, peace and hope for those keeping Faith.
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TOEFL Prep Online Guides and 2000, Tips. The Writing section can be the most daunting section of the TOEFL. You’ll have 50 minutes to paper on biology, write two complete essays that must meet multiple requirements and show a strong grasp of English. Knowing what graders are looking for and reviewing TOEFL Writing samples can go a long way towards helping you get a high score on this section. This guide will go over both of the 2000 word essay, TOEFL Writing tasks, explain how they’re graded, go over a high-scoring TOEFL Writing sample for essay topics each essay type, and end with TOEFL Writing examples for you to analyze. The TOEFL Writing section is 50 minutes long (broken into two parts) and contains two tasks: Integrated Writing and motivation 2000 word, Independent Writing.
It’s the fourth and final section of the exam. You’ll type both essays on the computer. The next two sections will explain the format and requirements of each of the writing tasks as well as how they will be scored. The Integrated Writing task requires you to use listening, reading, and writing skills. Thesis Support Essay? For this task, you’ll have three minutes to read a short passage, then you’ll listen to a short (approximately two-minute long) audio clip of motivation word a speaker discussing the same topic the written passage covers.
You’ll have 20 minutes to plan and write a response that references both of these sources in order to answer the question . You won’t discuss your own opinion. During the writing time, you’ll be able to look at the written passage again, but you won’t be able to re-hear the audio clip. You’ll be able to essay, take notes while you listen to motivation 2000, it though. The suggested response length for this task is 150-225 words. By the way: we have created the world's best online TOEFL course that automatically identifies and improves your weaknesses on the TOEFL. Want to get personal feedback on your Speaking? Confused about Reading? PrepScholar guides you, step by step to and juliet, conquer TOEFL. I want to be clear - you don't NEED a TOEFL course to get a great TOEFL score. But we believe PrepScholar is the world's best TOEFL course right now , especially if you are nervous about the TOEFL and have struggled to increase your score and don't know how to essay, improve anymore.
For this essay, you’ll be graded on the quality of your writing as well as how well your response represents the main points of the audio clip and written passage and how they relate to paper security, each other. Each essay receives a score from 0-5. For both essay types, you can check out the complete rubric used for official grading. Motivation? Below are key points from the essay format, Integrated Writing rubric. (You can view complete rubric for motivation both essays here.) Successfully selects the important information from the lecture. Coherently and accurately presents information from both the lecture and the reading. Well organized with few language errors. Generally good in selecting the important information from the lecture and reading.
May have minor omission, inaccuracy, vagueness, or imprecision of some content. Term Paper? More frequent or noticeable minor language errors. It conveys only 2000 essay vague, global, unclear, or somewhat imprecise information about the lecture and reading. Key points may be missing. Errors of usage and/or grammar may be more frequent and obscure meanings. Contains some relevant information from the commonwealth essay competition 2010, lecture, but is marked by significant language difficulties or by significant omission or inaccuracy of important ideas. Provides little or no meaningful or relevant coherent content from the lecture. The language level of the response is so low that it is difficult to derive meaning.
Merely copies sentences from the reading, rejects the topic or is not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language,or is 2000 word, blank. For the Independent Writing task, you’ll have receive a question on a particular topic or issue. You’ll have 30 minutes to plan and write a response to that topic that explains your opinion on it. You’ll need to give reasons that support your decision. It’s recommended that your response to support essay, this task be at least 300 words. You’ll be graded on how well you develop your ideas, how well your essay is organized, and how accurately you use English to express your ideas. Effectively addresses the motivation, topic and task. Is well organized and developed. Displays strong and consistent language skills with minimal errors. Addresses the topic and commonwealth writing competition, task well, though some points may not be fully elaborated. Is generally well organized and well developed.
Occasional noticeable minor errors in structure, word form, or use of idiomatic language that do not interfere with meaning. Addresses the topic and essay, task using somewhat developed explanations, exemplifications, and/or details. May demonstrate inconsistent facility in sentence formation and word choice that may result in lack of clarity and occasionally obscure meaning. Limited development in paper, response to the topic and task. Lack of details to support or illustrate generalizations in response to the task. An accumulation of errors in sentence structure and/or usage. Little or no detail, or irrelevant specifics, or questionable responsiveness to the task. Motivation 2000 Word Essay? Serious and frequent errors in sentence structure or usage. Merely copies sentences from the reading, rejects the topic or is pakistani books, not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language,or is blank. Top-Scoring TOEFL Integrated Writing Sample. Below is an official TOEFL Integrated Writing sample question and as well as an essay response that received a score of 5. It includes a written passage, the transcript of motivation essay a conversation (which would be an audio recording on romeo and juliet major themes essay the actual TOEFL, and the essay prompt.
After the prompt is an example of a top-scoring essay. You can read the essay in full, then read our comments on what exactly about 2000 word essay, this essay gives it a top score. Integrated Writing Example Prompt. You have three minutes to read the following passage and take notes. Essays? In many organizations, perhaps the best way to approach certain new projects is to assemble a group of people into a team. Motivation 2000 Word Essay? Having a team of people attack a project offers several advantages.
First of all, a group of people has a wider range of knowledge, expertise, and skills than any single individual is likely to paper on biology, possess. Also, because of the numbers of 2000 people involved and the greater resources they possess, a group can work more quickly in response to the task assigned to essay, it and can come up with highly creative solutions to problems and issues. Sometimes these creative solutions come about because a group is motivation 2000 word, more likely to make risky decisions that an essay, individual might not undertake. This is word, because the group spreads responsibility for commonwealth essay writing a decision to all the members and thus no single individual can be held accountable if the essay, decision turns out to be wrong. Taking part in a group process can be very rewarding for members of the beloved essay, team. Motivation Essay? Team members who have a voice in making a decision will no doubt feel better about carrying out the work that is term paper wireless, entailed by essay that decision than they might doing work that is paper, imposed on them by others. 2000 Essay? Also, the individual team member has a much better chance to “shine,” to thesis essay, get his or her contributions and ideas not only word essay recognized but recognized as highly significant, because a team’s overall results can be more far-reaching and have greater impact than what might have otherwise been possible for the person to accomplish or contribute working alone. Now listen to part of a lecture on the topic you just read about.
(Professor) Now I want to essay, tell you about what one company found when it decided that it would turn over motivation word essay, some of its new projects to teams of pakistani essays books people, and make the team responsible for planning the projects and getting the work done. After about motivation, six months, the company took a look at how well the teams performed. On virtually every team, some members got almost a “free ride” … they didn’t contribute much at all, but if their team did a good job, they nevertheless benefited from the recognition the essays, team got. And what about group members who worked especially well and who provided a lot of insight on problems and issues? Well…the recognition for a job well done went to the group as a whole, no names were named. So it won’t surprise you to learn that when the real contributors were asked how they felt about the motivation word essay, group process, their attitude was just the opposite of what the reading predicts. Another finding was that some projects just didn’t move very quickly. Why? Because it took so long to reach consensus…it took many, many meetings to build the agreement among group members about how they would move the project along. On the other hand, there were other instances where one or two people managed to become very influential over what their group did.
Sometimes when those influencers said “That will never work” about an idea the group was developing, the essay 2010, idea was quickly dropped instead of being further discussed. And then there was another occasion when a couple influencers convinced the group that a plan of theirs was “highly creative.” And even though some members tried to warn the motivation, rest of the group that the project was moving in directions that might not work, they were basically ignored by other group members. Can you guess the ending to commonwealth essay writing competition, *this* story? When the project failed, the motivation 2000 word, blame was placed on all the members of the pakistani, group. You have 20 minutes to plan and write your response. Your response will be judged on the basis of the word essay, quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the points in the lecture and their relationship to and juliet major themes, the reading passage. Typically, an effective response will be 150 to 225 words.
We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to essay, have a shot at getting your target TOEFL score. Download it for free now: Summarize the essays books, points made in the lecture you just heard, explaining how they cast doubt on points made in the reading. TOEFL Integrated Writing Sample Essay. The lecturer talks about research conducted by a firm that used the motivation essay, group system to handle their work. He says that the wireless security, theory stated in the passage was very different and somewhat inaccurate when compared to motivation 2000, what happened for real. First, some members got free rides. That is, some didn’t work hard but gotrecognition for essay topics the success nontheless. This also indicates that people who worked hard was not given recognition they should have got. In other words, they weren’t given the motivation, oppotunity to “shine”. This derectly contradicts what the passage indicates.
Second, groups were slow in progress. The passage says that groups are nore responsive than individuals because of the support essay, number of people involved and their aggregated resources. However, the 2000 word essay, speaker talks about essay, how the firm found out that groups were slower than individuals in dicision making. Word? Groups needed more time for meetings, which are neccesary procceedures in decision making. This was another part where experience contradicted theory.
Third, influetial people might emerge, and lead the group towards glory or failure. If the influent people are going in the right direction there would be no problem. But in cases where they go in the wrong direction, there is nobody that has enough influence to counter the decision made. In other words, the group might turn into a dictatorship, with the influential party as the leader, and might be less flexible in thinking. They might become one-sided, and thus fail to succeed. There are three key things this TOEFL example essay does that results in its high score:
Clearly presents main points Contrasts lecture and reading points Few grammatical/spelling errors. This essay clearly organizes the support essay format, three main points made in the lecture, which is what the first part of the prompt asked for. 2000 Word? (“Summarize the points made in the lecture you just heard.”) There is one paragraph for each point, and the point is clearly stated within the first sentence of the paragraph followed by specific details from the lecture. This organization makes it easy to essays books, follow the writer’s thinking and see that they understood the lecture. Additionally, the essay clearly contrasts points made in the lecture with points made in the reading. Each main paragraph includes an example of how the two are different, and essay, the writer makes these differences clear by using words and phrases such as “however” and “this directly contradicts.” Stating these differences answers the romeo major essay, second part of the prompt (“explain how they cast doubt on points made in word, the reading”) and shows that the pakistani, writer understood both the lecture and reading well enough to differentiate between the two. Finally, there are only 2000 word essay a few minor spelling and grammar error s, the most noticeable of which is the on biology, incorrect use of the word “influent” in the final paragraph (it should be “influential”), and they do not detract from the meaning of the essay. This writer shows a strong grasp of the essay, English language, a key TOEFL skill. This essay shows that the pakistani books, writer understood the main points of both the lecture and the reading well enough to both describe them and contrast them. That, along with the relatively few mechanical errors, gives the essay a top score.
Top-Scoring Independent TOEFL Writing Sample. Below is an official Independent Writing prompt and motivation essay, top-scoring sample essay. Beneath the essay we analyze what about the essay resulted in it receiving a top score. Independent Writing Example Prompt. Directions Read the question below. You have 30 minutes to format, plan, write, and revise your essay.
Typically, an effective essay will contain a minimum of 2000 word 300 words. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Want to improve your TOEFL score by 15 points? We have the world's leading TOEFL course. Built by thesis world-class instructors from essay Harvard and MIT, the program combines machine learning and human feedback to identify the beloved, fastest way to hit your target TOEFL score. Try our 5-day full access trial for free: Independent TOEFL Writing Sample Essay. the traditional virtue of telling the truth in all situations is increasingly doubted by many in today’s world. Essay? many believe that telling the support, truth is not always the best policy when dealing with people. moreover, the line of a “truth” is becoming more and more vague. this essay will explore the importance of telling the truth in relationships between people. we all understand that often the motivation essay, truth is offending and may not be a very nice thing to both hear or say. Beloved Topics? lies or white lies often have their advantages. the manipulation of white lies is the most obvious the business world. how many times have we heard that some product is “the finest” or “the cheapest”? how many times have we heard that products have such and such “magical functions”? advertising is word, about persuasion, and many would agree that if a company is to tell the absolute truth about it’s products, no one would be interested in even having a look at the products.
the same logic applies to human relationships. if your friend had worn a newly purchased dress on her birthday and energetically asked you if it was a worthy buy, would you freely express your opinion that you had never seen a dress as the one she’s currently wearing? and spoil her birthday? unarguably, hiding(entirely or particially) the truth in some situations can be quite handy indeed. Paper? confrontations and disputes can seemingly be avoided. however, there is always the motivation word, risk factor of the truth emerging sooner or later when telling an untruth. the basic trust in any relationships(businessman/customer, friends, parents/children) will be blotched, and essay topics, would have an impact on the future relationship between both parties. the motivation 2000 word, story of the “the boy who cried wolf” fully illustrates the consequenes of telling untruths. no one will believe you when you’re telling the truth. your word will have no weighting. in addition, another “bad factor” of telling untruths is that you have absolutely no control over when the truth(of previous untruths) will emerge. untruths breed pain in both parties: tears when the truth is uncovered after a period of time; fear and the burden of sharing a “secret”. in the long run, it seems that hiding the truth is not beneficial to either party. everyone hates betrayal. even if it is the trend to term paper, occasionally hide the truth in relationships, it is strongly recommended that not to motivation 2000, follow that trend as the risk and the consequences of the beloved essay topics, truth unfolded overwhelms the minimal advantages one can derive from not telling the truth. afterall, it is understood that relationships are founded on 2000 word essay “trust” which goes hand in hand with “truth”. Books? indeed telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship between people. always. There are three key things this essay does that results in word, its high score, and each is explained in more detail below. Is well organized Uses specific examples Few grammatical/spelling errors. The essay, like the first one, is well organized. The writer’s position is clear within the first few sentences, and the rest of the essay elaborates on that position.
Each paragraph begins with a new major point that is then explained. This logical flow of ideas is easy for readers to follow and shows that the writer knows how to set up a clear argument. Another reason the essay received a top score is because the romeo themes, writer used specific examples to make her point. By using specific examples, such as a friend buying a new outfit and 2000 word essay, asking your opinion and phrases businesses use to sell products, the writer makes her argument stronger and more concrete. Finally, despite the lack of capitalization throughout the essay, there are few spelling and grammatical errors, and the ones that do exist don’t detract from the meaning of the essay or make it confusing to understand.
This shows a strong command of paper security English and the ability to write in-depth essays that are clear and word, get their point across. Where to commonwealth essay competition 2010, Find More TOEFL Writing Samples. Below are a list of other places, official and unofficial, where you can find TOEFL Writing examples. You can use these examples to get a better idea of what a high-scoring essay looks like and motivation 2000 word essay, what graders are looking for on thesis support format the Writing section. Official resources are always the best to use since you can be sure the essay prompts are accurate and the sample essays were accurately scored. TOEFL iBT Writing Sample Responses. This resource contains several sample essays (including the two sample responses used above).
The essays from on this site received different scores as well as analysis of why they received the score they did. This can be helpful if you want more information on, say, what differentiates an 2000 essay, essay that got a “5” from an essay that got a “4”. Want to improve your TOEFL score by 15+ points? Check out our bes online TOEFL course. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your TOEFL score by 15 points or more. Check out our 5-day free trial now: This is a complete practice TOEFL, but it does include several sample essays along with score explanations so you can get a more in-depth look at on biology how and why different essays received the scores they did. There are numerous unofficial TOEFL writing samples out motivation 2000 word essay there, of varying quality. Below are two of the best. This site has several dozen sample essays for and juliet major essay both the Integrated and Independent Writing topics. There’s no scoring analysis, but you do get a good variety of essay topics and essay samples so that you can get a sense of how to 2000 word, approach different essay prompts.
Good Luck TOEFL has seven sample Independent Writing essays (no Integrated Writing). There’s no scoring analysis, but the essays and prompts are similar to official TOEFL essay topics. Review: Analyzing TOEFL Writing Examples. Writing can be a particularly tricky TOEFL section, and seeing TOEFL Writing samples can go a long way to helping you feel more confident. Commonwealth Essay Writing Competition? For TOEFL Writing, you’ll need to write two essays, the Integrated Writing Task and the Independent Writing Task. Motivation 2000 Essay? Looking over the rubrics for commonwealth competition 2010 both these essays and 2000 word essay, understanding what graders will be looking for can help you understand what to include in your own essays. Both essays are scored on term wireless security a scale of 0-5. Essay? Top-scoring essays generally need to have good organization, specific examples, answer the romeo themes essay, prompt completely, and minor spelling and grammar errors. It can also be useful to review other TOEFL writing samples to get a better idea of what a great TOEFL essay looks like.
Looking for 2000 more information on term the TOEFL Writing section? Learn all the tips you need to know in order to ace TOEFL Writing! Looking for a great TOEFL prep book? A good prep book can be the 2000 word, most important study tool you use, and we have information on all the best TOEFL prep books you should consider. Ready to essay, improve your TOEFL score by 15 points? We've written a guide about the motivation 2000 word, top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score.
Download it for free now: Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. Commonwealth Writing Competition 2010? She has taught English and biology in several countries. View all posts by Christine Sarikas. Get FREE tips to start mastering the TOEFL today. Join our Facebook TOEFL Study Group! Read Our Top 10 Favorite TOEFL Guides. Applying to US Schools (6) English Language Learning (3) TOEFL General Info (26) TOEFL Listening (3) TOEFL Logistics (5) TOEFL Prep (18) TOEFL Reading (4) TOEFL Speaking (6) TOEFL Writing (7) © PrepScholar 2013-2017. All rights reserved.
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Motivation 2000 word essay - …
an essay lay out A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce. 2000 Essay. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. Essays. This change is borne out word essay clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is thesis support, more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997) . An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of word essay, society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to support essay critically examine a number of sociological explanations for motivation 2000 word essay, the #039;divorce phenomenon#039; and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to themes be found within a broad socio-economic framework. One type of explanation for rising divorce has focused on changes in motivation word laws relating to term wireless security marriage. For example, Bilton, Bonnett and motivation 2000, Jones (1987) argue that increased rates of divorce do not necessarily indicate that families are now more unstable.
It is possible, they claim, that there has always been a degree of marital instability. They suggest that changes in the law have been significant, because they have provided unhappily married couples with #039;access to a legal solution to pre-existent marital problems#039; (p.301) . Bilton et al. therefore believe that changes in divorce rates can be best explained in terms of changes in major themes the legal system. The problem with this type of explanation however, is that it does not consider why these laws have changed in the first place. It could be argued that reforms to family law, as well as the increased rate of divorce that has accompanied them, are the product of more fundamental changes in society. Another type of explanation is one that focuses precisely on 2000, these broad societal changes. For example, Nicky Hart (cited in essays books Haralambos, 1995) argues that increases in divorce and essay, marital breakdown are the result of economic changes that have affected the family.
One example of these changes is the raised material aspirations of families, which Hart suggests has put pressure on both spouses to become wage earners. Women as a result have been forced to become both homemakers and economic providers. According to Hart, the romeo and juliet, contradiction of 2000 word, these two roles has lead to conflict and this is the main cause of thesis support essay format, marital breakdown. It would appear that Hart#039;s explanation cannot account for all cases of divorce - for example, marital breakdown is liable to occur in families where only the husband is working. 2000. Nevertheless, her approach, which is to relate changes in family relations to broader social forces, would seem to be more probing than one that looks only at legislative change. The two explanations described above have very different implications for social policy, especially in relation to how the problem of increasing marital instability might be dealt with. Bilton et al. (1995) offer a legal explanation and hence would see the solutions also being determined in this domain. If rises in divorce are thought to essays books be the motivation essay, consequence of liberal divorce laws, the obvious way to stem this rise is to make them less obtainable. This approach, one imagines, would lead to a reduction in divorce statistics; however, it cannot really be held up as a genuine solution to the problems of marital stress and breakdown in society. Indeed it would seem to be a solution directed more at symptoms than addressing fundamental causes. Furthermore, the experience of social workers, working in paper on biology the area of 2000, family welfare suggests that restricting a couple#039;s access to divorce would in some cases serve only to exacerbate existing marital problems (Johnson, 1981).
In those cases where violence is involved, the consequences could be tragic. Apart from all this, returning to more restrictive divorce laws seems to be a solution little favoured by support format Australians. (Harrison, 1990). Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995), writing from a Marxist-feminist position, traces marital conflict to changes in the capitalist economic system and their resultant effect on the roles of essay, men and women. It is difficult to know however, how such an analysis might be translated into practical social policies. This is because the Hart program would appear to require in the first place a radical restructuring of the economic system. Whilst this may be desirable for some, it is not achievable in the present political climate. Hart is right however, to suggest that much marital conflict can be linked in some way to and juliet essay the economic circumstances of families. Word Essay. This is borne out in many statistical surveys which show consistently that rates of divorce are higher among socially disadvantaged families (McDonald, 1993).
This situation suggests then that social policies need to be geared to providing support and security for these types of families. It is little cause for optimism however, that in recent years governments of all persuasions have shown an increasing reluctance to fund social welfare programs of this kind. It is difficult to term paper offer a comprehensive explanation for the growing trend of marital breakdown; and it is word essay, even more difficult to find solutions that might ameliorate the problems created by it. Thesis Support Format. Clearly though, as I have argued in this essay, the most useful answers are to be found not within a narrow legal framework, but within a broader socio-economic one. Finally, it is worth pointing out that, whilst we may appear to be living in a time of increased family instability, research suggests that historically, instability may have been the norm rather than the exception. As Bell and Zajdow (1997) point out, in the past, single parent and step families were more common than is assumed - although the 2000 word, disruptive influence then was not divorce, but the premature death of one or both parents. This situation suggests that in studying the modern family, one needs to employ a historical perspective, including the thesis support format, possibility of looking to motivation 2000 word the past in searching for ways of dealing with problems in the present. Australian Bureau of Statistics (1996). Divorces, Australia . Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service. Bell, R. and G. Zajdow (1997) Family and household.
In R. Jureidini, S. Kenny and thesis support essay, M. Poole (eds). Sociology: Australian Connections . St Leonards. NSW: Allen and Unwin. Motivation. Bilton, T., K. Bonnett and P. Jones (1987). Pakistani Essays Books. Introductory Sociology , 2nd edition. London: MacMillan. Haralambos, M. (1995). Sociology: Themes and Perspectives , 3rd edition. London: Bell and Hyman. Harrison, M. (1995). Grounds for divorce.
Family Matters . No 42 pp 34-35. Johnson, V. (1981). The Last Resort: A Women#039;s Refuge . Ringwood: Penguin. Motivation Word Essay. Kilmartin, C. (1997). Children divorce and one-parent families. Family Matters . No. 48. ( Available On-line ) McDonald, P. (1993). Romeo Essay. Family Trends and Structure in Australia . Australian Family Briefings No 3. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies. Problems? Questions? Comments?
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essays movie review 1010 N HANCOCK ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19123, USA. Copyright 2017 ghostwritingessays.com. Movie Review: In the Womb - Ghost Writing Essays. A must see movie for future parents! Experience the life before birth, The formation, a step by step in 2000 word a film that have not been seen like him. In the womb, was produced for National Geographic Channel . Its includes features in advanced technology, simulations that have been generated by pakistani, ultrasound photography in four dimensions.
Before it takes its first breath, a human baby has been through an incredible transformation from a single cell to a complex, self-sustaining organism. Watch this amazing process in real time inside the womb. 2000 Word Essay. Recommendation + personal experience I remember that moment I realized that my wife’s stomach size is and juliet major themes essay what supposed to be my child, with God’s help, I studied this film, explaining me something that is very difficult for me personally to understand: how our body produces live? How does it work? If you think that I got it after seeing the word essay film and that I understood all of these scientific facts, then you’re wrong, its still seems like a crazy miracle that happens one after the other in the all wide World. I strongly recommend everyone to see that movie, it shows the very little detailsof the process and even shows us the beloved essay topics fetus in a verity of positions, moves, making faces, etc that we cant see without that film. you will enjoy it. Motivation. Source: http://www. shvoong. com/exact-sciences/2000143-womb/#ixzz2cqvNjWSF Maybe this has already been talked about and I missed it, but I thought I would let all of you ladies know about a National Geographic special my husband recorded for me to watch called “In the Womb. ” I HIGHLY recommend the film. It’s a fairly new documentary about how babies develop and it’s quite interesting. I thought I would do a little review for you all since some of you are midwives and others are looking for informational videos. There are good and bad things about the and juliet major themes documentary, but the motivation 2000 word essay end made me so very, VERY happy that I’ve forgiven the film all of it’s faults. Con: The intro is essay topics of a woman in labor screaming bloody murder like they do in the movies while giving birth.
You’ll forgive this later, however. 2000 Word Essay. Read on. Con: I kinda almost fell asleep at the beginning when they were covering conception. It was stuff we’ve all heard a million times in school, so it was pretty redundant. Wireless Security. Get to the babies already! Pro: Some of the computer graphics and filming was really amazing. They use all new footage, no recycled stuff from 2000, other documentaries. Con: Sometimes the film would state some fact and then not back it up in term any way, so you’d be left wondering “gee, that’s new.
Where on earth did they get THAT? ” For example, during one part, they said that a woman is more likely to have a miscarriage if she experiences stress, has an immune disorder, or if she has previously given birth to motivation a boy. Now, I’ve had three miscarriages, so I’ve read tons of information about it and never have I heard that giving birth to a boy makes you more likely to have a miscarriage. I thought “wow, really? Where’d they hear that? ” but they just went on to the next subject without explaining. Essay. Con: 99% of the babies in 2000 essay the film are not real – they are either rubber models (which look absolutely fantastically realistic, by the way) or these super creepy alien-looking computer generated babies that totally freaked me out. They were a bit disturbing looking. Con: They stressed the value of ultrasound in essay topics the video and I’m personally against it, but it doesn’t lose a lot of points with me because a lot of women are pro ultrasound. Pro: They did mention that ultrasound might be harmful, though it is not “known” to cause problems in babies. Motivation Word. They also mentioned that while we can’t hear ultrasound, babies CAN because it creates an echo inside the water-filled uterus.
They explained that babies “run” from it because it is extremely loud – somewhat like standing next to a subway train. Essays Books. Pro: They provided TONS of the essay most amazing 4D footage of babies I’ve ever seen. They had videos of babies only weeks old in wireless the womb yawning, playing with their noses and feet, and twins interacting with each other. I cried at parts. Pro: Aside from a brief (and very low-key) clip where a doctor does a minor surgery on an unborn fetus along with a few short clips of 2000 doctors performing ultrasound, there were NO HOSPITAL SCENES or doctors in the film. Woot!
The best part ever: The film follows only one mother through her pregnancy and ends with her giving birth. I grumbled my way through a few mildly irritating parts of the film, but whe I reached the end, I got a rather shocking surprise. When it’s time for the mother to paper give birth, you see her standing – yes standing – next to a bed in a birthing center giving birth. There is not one doctor in the room or a machine beeping of any kind, only the word woman, her midwife, the cameraman, and the husband. Beloved Essay Topics. There are no bright lights and it’s very quiet except for the woman’s screams. Motivation Essay. Then, to my utter delight, the narrator informs the viewers that standing or squatting are the best positions in which to and juliet major themes give birth and word essay, that it is better and more comfortable for the mother than laying on her back. I wish every reader could have been there with me as I whooped and hollered and punched my fists in the air in delight! Imagine a mainstream documentary saying something like that!
The baby is immediately handed to the mother through her legs and she sits on pakistani the bed with her newborn, a smile plastered on her delighted face. Motivation Word. No one takes her baby away. The midwife waits to cut the cord and then the mother is seen breastfeeding. WAY TO GO NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC!! So yes, any midwives out there who are looking for a good educational video, I’d have to say that this is the one. It’s not about birth, it’s about development, but it’s the on biology best I’ve seen so far and it’s SO ultra pro-natural birth. ETA: SORRY!
The Youtube link seems to 2000 word essay have been taken down. I’ll keep an eye out for any other sites hosting the full video -Amber National Geographic Channel’s In the Womb by Inbar Maayan Keywords: Human development, Movies, Fetus Written, produced, and directed by beloved, Toby Mcdonald, the motivation 2005 National Geographic Channel film In the pakistani essays Womb uses the most recent technology to provide an intricate glimpse into the prenatal world. The technologies used, which include advanced photography, computer graphics, and 4-D ultrasound imaging, help to realistically illustrate the process of development and to answer questions about the rarely seen development of a human being. Essay. The following description of the thesis support images and 2000 essay, narrative of the film captures the major points of In the Womb, and of embryonic and fetal development, as they are seen at the outset of the twenty-first century, depicted in only 100 minutes. In the Womb opens with a glimpse of the mature fetus moments before she is ready to emerge into the outside world. The narrator explains that at this final stage, she is equipped with all of the faculties necessary for full function outside the womb. The main focus of the film, however, is the journey leading up to these final moments, a journey that begins with just a single cell. This journey is viewed intermittently throughout the film using 3-D and 4-D ultrasound scanning techniques which show the baby moving.
4-D refers to a string of 3-D images taken in real time (time is the pakistani books fourth dimension), thus creating a movie of in utero events. In addition, the process is simulated by computer imaging based on observations, giving a vivid portrayal of embryonic and fetal development. The developmental narrative begins with millions of swimming sperm, and an explanation of their unique purpose—carrying the father’s genetic information to the moment of conception. The sperm are produced in a man’s testes, and their quality depends on his lifestyle choices; they tend to be damaged by the consumption of various drugs and by word, heat, and term, stimulated by the consumption of coffee. A singlesperm is filmed swimming across a black landscape, which accentuates the rapid, intricate movements of motivation its tail. The tail’s flexibility allows the sperm to pakistani essays progress approximately a tenth of an motivation 2000 essay, inch per minute. Millions of sperm are filmed as they appear in beloved essay topics the vagina, many of them dead on their sides, with the vast crowd in the middle swimming toward the uterus, the fallopian tubes, and the egg, which looks like a moon-like orb nestled among its protective agents. This egg, like all her others, was formed during the mother’s own time in the womb and motivation 2000, has resided in her body ever since. The film suggests that in order to find the egg, the sperm “sniff it out” using their figurative sense of smell. A graphical simulation shows the sperm traveling toward the essays books awaiting egg, and 2000 word, one of pakistani books them penetrating its outer layer. The bigger picture, in which the rest of the word spermare permanently shut out upon fertilization, is filmed.
Another graphical simulation follows, illustrating the fusion of the father’s and thesis essay format, the mother’s genetic material at motivation 2000 word the moment of essay conception. The narrator notes that this particular genetic combination has never before existed, and will never be duplicated in motivation 2000 word essay another human being. DNA, which carries the essay writing competition 2010 organism’s genetic information and is bundled in the chromosomes, is 2000 essay depicted as a long, energetic helix that carries the on biology more than 20,000 genes that make up an average human. These genes are responsible for various characteristics and are determined by parental contributions. They are absolutely crucial to motivation essay the development of new life. The various physical effects of genetic information are illustrated in the display of various shapes of eyes, noses, hair, and other features.
The great variability of genetic effects on appearance is depicted by the morphing of a face to show a variety of characteristics, both male and female. It is noted, however, that while the wireless security parents contribute equal amounts of genetic information, it is the DNA from the sperm that determines the child’s sex, via its twenty-third chromosome, which is either an X or a Y. The genes contributed by the parents largely predetermine the child’s appearance and much of the child’s personality and predisposition for certain diseases. After the illustration and explanation of fertilization, a description of the motivation fertilized egg’s journey toward the pakistani books uterus is motivation 2000 essay accompanied by film footage of the process. As it sails along the romeo major themes essay fallopian tube on the first day of its journey, the single cell divides into two identical cells. Motivation 2000 Essay. Cell division continues and by the fifth day, the resulting ball of cells is made up of about 100 cells and is called a blastocyst. Romeo Essay. At this stage, theblastocyst will split into two groups of cells: the outer layer prepares to become the placenta, umbilical cord and motivation 2000 word essay, fetal membranes, and the inner layer prepares to become the embryo itself. The cells making up the inner part of the blastula are stem cells, and have the ability to differentiate into all of the different types of cells that make up the human body.
One week after fertilization, the essay format blastula reaches theuterus, where it will start to develop into a new human being. Motivation Word Essay. Three weeks into on biology gestation, In the Womb simulates the embryo folding inward and elongating as the basic body plan is determined. An actual embryo at motivation word essay this stage is essay topics shown and a basic spine is visible. The top of the embryo, destined to become the head and brain, is indicated; this region has already begun to generate nerve cells by 2000 word, the fifteenth day of the pregnancy. These nerve cells will proliferate and eventually become the brain and the central nervous system.
The heart forms soon after this, and twenty-two days after conception, begins to paper beat. This movement is motivation 2000 word essay initiated by a single heart cell which begins to beat and induces the cells around it to beat to the same rhythm. Close-up filming shows this pulse as heart cells proliferate and the organ continues to form. With the formation of the heart come thin veins and term paper, early blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients; the blood in these veins moves to the beat of the heart. During the early stages of development the heart beats relatively independently, though its function will later be carefully regulated by the brain. By the time the embryo is four weeks old, preliminary eyes have appeared on her head. These look like dark spots on a pale landscape of surrounding tissue on which the early contours of the forehead, nose, mouth, and other parts of the mature face can be seen. In addition, arm and leg buds emerge. The narrator mentions that even though thirty days have passed since conception, the embryo is almost indistinguishable from the embryos of other mammals.
The changes taking place in motivation the embryo’s morphology over the following few weeks are shown through film progression. The face plates move in to better define facial features, arms and legs continue to take shape, and the head becomes more clearly defined. At six weeks, the embryo is about an inch long, has a firmly rooted and romeo themes essay, visible umbilical cord, and motivation 2000, the outline of her fingers can be distinguished as well. The eyes have developed by essays books, leaps and bounds, although they are not yet concealed by eyelids. The nostrils are now visible, wide-set beneath the eyes on a head that is giant in motivation essay relation to thesis support essay format the size of the body. By the end of eight weeks of gestation, the embryo is called afetus and is no longer dependent on the yolk sac that nourished it during the 2000 word essay embryonic stage of development. The yolk sac, a balloon-like structure of thesis support essay tissue with visible veins, vanishes at this point and the fetus becomes solely dependent on the umbilical cord rooted in theplacenta, and thus on the mother’s blood for motivation essay, nutrition. A close examination of the placenta reveals intricate blood vessels transporting the nutrients necessary for the embryo’s growth, while keeping out many of the romeo toxins present in the mother’s own blood. Despite the placenta’s effectiveness, substances like drugs and alcohol cannot be completely be filtered out, and 2000, it’s up to beloved essay the mother to limit her consumption of them. By nine weeks, the nervous system has developed dramatically and motivation 2000 word, starts to allow the fetus to move.
Although this movement, shown through computer simulation, is not yet connected to the brain, it promotes agility and further growth. After this point, the body will gradually come under the control of the pakistani books brain. This change also has the effect of regulating heart rate, which may increase to more than 150 beats per minute before cerebral regulation. A standard ultrasound is performed at the Create Health Clinic in London at the conclusion of the essay first trimester, and the narrator explains how ultrasound waves function to create the image on the screen. And Juliet Major Essay. While a physician explains the various tests that can be done at this stage of pregnancy using ultrasound, the baby’s heart can be seen contracting and expanding in the moving image. A step beyond standard ultrasound is the 4-D scan, which shows the three-dimensional fetus moving in real time. This tool allows for even more accurate evaluation of the 2000 word fetus’s health and development. It shows everything from the essay topics fetus moving her arms to yawning or playing with her nose. Four-dimensional scans of various babies at motivation different stages of development greatly expand the essay amount of detail that is visible to the world outside the womb.
The narrator also notes that this first ultrasound scan is the first opportunity to ascertain the number of fetuses present in the womb. Four-dimensional scans also allow us to see the preliminary steps of a baby’s literal first steps. Essay. These are manifested in scans of eleven- and twelve-week-old fetuses kicking and pushing off the walls of the uterus as they exercise the use of their appendages. This movement is called the stepping reflex, and it is beloved controlled by the fetus’s nervous system. The five weeks leading up to this point, weeks six through eleven, are considered to be the period in which the fetus undergoes the most dramatic transformations in its developmental journey. By the end of the eleventh week, all organs have formed, but the fetus is still tiny—about three inches long—and thus must grow significantly before it can be viable. Sex is also determined at this point, and the sex organs produce hormones that further regulate the sexual development of the fetus.
Miscarriage beyond this point is far less likely than during the 2000 essay first three months of pregnancy, since the fetus is more stable. Support. As time goes on, the fetus looks more and more human, and her senses sharpen further. Simulation reveals highly developed hands and the hardening (ossification) of bones beneath the semi-transparent skin. The face looks far more “human” as well, with the eyes now closer together and the nose and mouth more defined. By this time, the brain controls most of the 2000 word body–including the thesis support heart–through thecentral nervous system.
Aside from seeing the motivation essay heart, a Doppler probe is also used to hear what the fetus’ heart sounds like. It beats at a frantic 146 beats per minute, which the physician indicates is romeo and juliet major essay a healthy pace for a fetus this age. At four months, she not only has control of her heart rate, but she also begins to respond to motivation essay physical stimuli and to paper on biology move around a lot. She has also begun to develop proprioception, which is the awareness of the body’s position in its surroundings. She is 2000 shown feeling the sides of the womb and grasping at different parts of her body. Paper On Biology. Four-dimensional images of motivation word twins also reveal how interactive they are with each other; identical twins, however, interact much more than do fraternal twins, who have a membrane separating them. This membrane is also visible with this more detailed scanning tool. Eighteen weeks after conception, fetal movements become readily detectable to the mother. In addition, the fetus starts digesting amniotic fluid as her digestive system begins preparation for the outside world. Another preparation has been revealed by 4-D scans, where thefetus can be seen practicing the blinking reflex. Soon, she will even have her own fingerprints.
At the conclusion of the second trimester, the fetus is fully formed but still needs to experience dramatic growth and to paper on biology develop her senses. The film states that at this stage, she begins to motivation word essay taste flavors from her mother’s food, and to hear the sounds that surround her cocoon, including the support tone and cadence of her mother’s voice. Comfort with her mother’s various sense-inducing habits may even prove conducive to more healthy development once the baby has been born. In the Womb also notes that, as well as providing a preliminary basis for diagnosis of complications, ultrasound scans also promote the 2000 essay development of parental attachment to the yet-unborn child. Ultrasound is essays books thought to enhance the relationship of the child with the parents, both in infancy and later in life.
At twenty-four weeks, this relationship could begin prematurely, for it is at this point that a baby could survive outside of the 2000 word essay womb; though still small and underdeveloped, with appropriate intensive care, she could be considered viable. The greatest complications may arise due to paper on biology the premature lungs, since the lungs only fully develop near the conclusion of the pregnancyand are filled with amniotic fluid until breathing begins. The eyes, which have been fully developed since the middle of the pregnancy, cannot see yet but are adorned with eyelashes by the twenty-fifth week. Babies are usually born with lighter-colored eyes than they will have later; babies of Caucasian descent are often born with blue eyes, while babies of Asian or African descent first have darker brown eyes. These colors will often change or deepen during the first few months of life, as the 2000 word pigments in the eyes are exposed to light, which is absent in the womb. In the darkness of the womb, babies in their final trimester spend most of essays their time sleeping soundly. When they are awake, however, fetuses are often active, practicing their reflexes in response to provocations from outside the womb. These include the motivation essay startle reflex, when the fetus flings her arms out and over her head, and the swallowing and sucking process, crucial to nutrition outside of the womb.
The latter may be manifested in term paper thumb sucking, which is thought to be strongly correlated with handedness during a person’s life. The placenta not only conducts oxygen, nutrients, and flavors to the fetus, but it may also conduct the mother’s mood. The ear or anxiety that a mother might experience cascade through, eventually causing the baby’s heart to 2000 beat faster as well. Serious and sustained stress or anxiety have been found to result in stress in romeo and juliet essay the child and a higher risk for stress-related physical and mental health complications. Past twenty-six weeks the fetus concentrates almost solely on growth; despite this, serious issues might arise even before birth. In the Womb shows Dr.
Kypros Nicolaides of King’s College Hospital in London diagnosing and performing in utero surgery on a fetus whose intestines are obstructing lung growth. He performs this delicate surgery with the help of a fetuscope, which allows him to see inside thewomb and is also used as a tool in the surgery itself. Nicolaides’ technique for treating this particular disorder has been met with a 50% increase in the survival rate of his prenatal patients. The last two months of pregnancy see the final steps toward a healthy birth. 2000. During this time, the fetus develops a layer of insulating fat and has even been found to develop consciousness and memory. The fetus may remember and respond to familiar sounds such as her mother’s voice or even her parents’ favorite music. If the fetus recognizes music, she might even move in commonwealth writing rhythm. Fast music has been found to stimulate and excite the fetus, which seems to be almost dancing in the womb, while classical music will often have a calming effect.
The development of all of these complex functions prior to birth has also led some experts to posit that, developmentally, birth is not as significant as was previously assumed. This is because the brain of a maturing fetus is motivation almost identical to term wireless that of 2000 a newborn. This similarity is particularly striking considering the sighting of pakistani essays books rapid eye movement (REM) in 4-D scans, since these are indicative of dreaming. From thirty-five weeks on, the fetus could be fully functional and word, self-supporting (aside from its need for external nutrition and warmth). The film notes that though it is not yet certain what sets off delivery, the beloved essay topics maturation of the motivation word essay lungs may play a key role. When mature, the lungs release a protein that affects the hormone production of the essay competition 2010 placenta, reducing progesterone production and initiating the production of oxytocin, which in turn triggers uterine contractions and motivation 2000 word essay, inhibition of memory. These are useful when the cervix undergoes extreme widening—approximately 10 cm—as it conveys the baby’s large head out into the world.
In the pakistani essays books Womb has now gone full-circle, arriving again at the time of delivery. To ease the pain of delivery and risks of complication, the mother in 2000 essay the movie delivers standing up and leaning forward with her legs spread apart slightly. During this time, the baby releases large quantities of adrenalin, which keeps the heart pumping fast and prepares the lungs to take their first breathes of air. Soon, the baby’s head crowns and is followed by the rest of the body. As soon as the baby has emerged, it starts crying as its lungs fill with oxygen and it is exposed to the light and writing, cold of the outside world. The placenta, now unnecessary, detaches from the word uterus and exits the mother’s body through the term paper security birth canal. In the Womb reviews the entire process of the pregnancy and highlights the grand achievement that is transformation from a single cell into an entirely new individual.
The newly born baby depends on adults for motivation 2000 word, warmth and nutrition, although all other functions rest solely in on biology her tiny hands.
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essay set up paper Possible model for a clearly structured essay. Many beginning writers have difficulty imposing a clear structure on an essay. They aren't sure how to begin, what to do next, or how to end. While there is no single way to write an essay, setting up a clear introduction, body, and conclusion is often a good idea. What follows, then, is some practical, simple advice for writing a clearly structured essay dealing with a work of literature.
Parts of a very brief sample essay are then provided, with explanations of each part. GENERAL ADVICE ON WRITING. AN INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH. Begin by stating some basic information (author, title, genre [e.g., short story]) and indicate the identities, relationships, and roles of the characters. Announce your theme (or thesis). Your theme is the motivation 2000 basic idea you are trying to communicate, the fundamental argument you are trying to make.
It is the controlling idea for your entire essay; everything in the essay should relate back to it. Paper! One crude (but effective) way to generate a theme about a short story, for instance, is to ask yourself: what is the point of this story? What is the essential meaning of this story? Does this story illustrate or relate to any important idea? Or you might choose some aspect of the story itself as your theme -- for instance, the motivation 2000 use of setting in the story. Remember that your theme will usually be an assertion or an argument and term paper wireless should be stated as such. Break the motivation essay theme down into some specific topics . At this stage, ask yourself: how will I develop my theme? how will I support my argument? What kinds of evidence can I mention in order to convince the reader of the basic point I want to make? Clearly indicate these topics to pakistani books, the reader in the opening paragraph, and make sure that you link the topics clearly and motivation 2000 word logically to your theme. Indicate, either explicitly or implicitly, the method you will be using to develop your essay.
For instance, if you plan to compare or contrast certain elements of a story, don't force your reader to term paper security, guess this or to discover it haphazardly. Indicate that method clearly in the opening paragraph. Give some brief plot summary so that even a reader who has not read the story you are writing about will be able to follow your basic argument. Do not get bogged down in plot summary ; do not let the word essay plot of the story impose its structure on your essay. Your obligation is to beloved, impose a structure of your own, which is why emphasizing your theme, topics, and method in the first paragraph is so important. Remember to stress your theme , so that there will be no question about the point you are trying to motivation, make.
State the wireless security theme clearly at the beginning of the paragraph, emphasize it throughout, and return to it one last time at the end of the paragraph, where you may want to develop its larger implications. At this stage, it is better to over-emphasize your theme than to leave it vaguely implied. BASIC ADVICE: THINK OF THE OPENING PARAGRAPH AS A KIND OF BLUE-PRINT FOR THE REST OF THE PAPER. Motivation Essay! THINK OF IT AS A KIND OF ROAD-MAP THAT TELLS THE READER WHERE HE IS GOING AND HOW HE WILL GET THERE. SAMPLE THEME: The setting of Ernest Hemingway's story Hills Like White Elephant tells us something about the characters, their conflict, and the choice they face, and thus contributes to the story's meaning. SHORT SAMPLE ESSAY.
SAMPLE OPENING PARAGRAPH: (1) In his short story Hills Like White Elephants, Ernest Hemingway uses setting subtly but effectively to emphasize the tension-filled, life-or-death decision facing a couple who disagree about whether the woman should have an abortion. (2) The story's two main characters, a girl named Jig and her older American lover, sit at a train station in a Spanish valley, sipping drinks and discussing uneasily -- sometimes angrily -- whether they should proceed by support essay rail to essay, Barcelona in order to abort their unborn baby. (3) Jig opposes the plan, although she refuses to say so openly. (4) The American, on paper the other hand, sees it as a solution to their problems, and motivation 2000 word essay tries to convince Jig that it is the competition right thing to motivation word essay, do. (5) Hemingway stresses three elements of the term story's setting -- the line of rails, the motivation word oppressive heat, and the contrasting sides of the valley -- to essay, indicate the nature of the couple's conflict and the difficulties of resolving it. This sentence mentions the word essay author, the title, and the kind of work (short story). It also gives a very brief summary of the pakistani essays books story's plot. Most significantly, however, it introduces the theme of the whole essay: the argument that Hemingway uses setting for emphasis. This sentence offers more plot summary by explaining who the identities and motivation word essay relationship of the couple mentioned in the first sentence. Notice that while the first sentence describes in very general terms, the thesis support essay second sentence becomes more specific.
This movement from motivation word general to specific is often a good way to arrange the order of your sentences. This sentence provides a bit more plot summary and becomes even more specific in its focus. The focus of the first two sentences had been on pakistani essays the couple. Motivation Word Essay! The focus of sentence 3 is on paper the woman. This sentence also provides more plot summary while also completing the pattern begun with sentence 3. Like that sentence, this one is more specific in its focus than the first two sentences.
This sentence reemphasizes the main argument (that Hemingway uses the story's setting to enhance the story's meaning) while also breaking that main argument down into three sub-arguments (or topics). This sentence also implies (through the word conflict) that you will be using contrast as your basic method. Now the motivation essay reader knows exactly what this essay will try to writing 2010, prove and how you will try to prove it. Notice, by motivation 2000 word the way, that this paragraph resembles a capital. in structure. In other words, first it is general (the top of the I), then it becomes specific (the middle of the I), then it becomes general again (the bottom of the I). If you keep this structure in paper, the back of your mind as you write each paragraph, you're likely to be much less nervous about what comes next. ADVICE ON WRITING SUPPORTING PARAGRAPHS. The purpose of these middle paragraphs is to 2000 word essay, develop your theme (or main argument ) by essay dealing with the word topics (or supporting arguments ) indicated in your opening. Each of these topics should be clearly related or linked to your theme , and major the connection should probably be made clear immediately, in the very first sentence. Make sure that the 2000 word link is not only logically clear but that the phrasing of it is also clear.
State each topic in general terms at the beginning of each paragraph, then break the general topic down into security specific examples and deal with each of them in turn (just as you earlier broke the general theme of the whole essay down into the particular topics of each paragraph). Make sure that the structure of each paragraph is clear and easy to follow. End the paragraph by returning to motivation 2000, the more general topic and by linking that topic once more to the theme of the whole essay. The middle paragraphs as a group should probably be arranged in climactic order -- i.e., moving towards a climax, from important, to more important, to most important. SAMPLE SUPPORTING PARAGRAPH: (1) Even more effective than the emphasis on the rail line and on the oppressive heat, however, is the way Hemingway draws attention to the two contrasting sides of the valley. (2) Once again, an aspect of the story's setting helps reinforce the central conflict between its characters and the painful choice they must make. (3) On one side the valley is lush with vegetation and vitality: a river flows serenely, trees stretch into the sky, and grain blows gently in beloved topics, the breezes. 2000 Word Essay! (4) This side obviously symbolizes life; it seems associated with Jig, and Hemingway seems to link it with her desires to have the baby and settle down in a permanent, loving relationship. Term Paper Security! (5) The other side of the valley, however, is just the opposite. (6) Bleak, barren, and sterile, it is a desert landscape, lacking life or any hint of animation. (7) This side seems to represent the deadly consequences of the abortion, and perhaps it also symbolizes the empty, meaningless nature of the couple's previous relationship. (8) It is as if Hemingway places these two characters right in the middle of a landscape that exemplifies not only the decision they face but also the motivation word essay stark differences that separate them as people. (9) Subtly yet deftly, Hemingway uses one more aspect of the and juliet major story's setting to indicate something significant about its meaning. This sentence indicates how this paragraph fits into the structure of the whole essay. Clearly this is the third supporting paragraph (the fourth paragraph [because of the introduction] of the essay as a whole). The transitional word however indicates the word essay logical relationship between this paragraph and the two paragraphs that precede it: the word however implies that this paragraph will offer new and different evidence to support the main argument of the whole essay. This sentence also looks back to sentence 5 of the opening paragraph, thereby reminding the essay reader that you are now about to fulfill the last of the three promises you made in motivation 2000 word, that sentence.
This sentence restates the main argument of the entire essay, once again reminding the reader of the basic point you are trying to prove. This sentence follows the pattern (already mentioned above) of moving from general to specific: here you are offering specific evidence to support the general argument of this paragraph. (In other words, you are moving from the essay competition 2010 top of the capital I to the middle.) Notice that this sentence itself moves from general to specific: before the essay colon you make a general claim; after the colon you offer specific evidence to support that claim. This sentence sums up the specific argument you are making about the first side of the valley. This sentence also helps support your main argument that Hemingway is using setting to imply meaning. Pakistani Essays! This sentence shifts the focus of the paragraph from one side of the valley to the other. The transitional word however indicates this shift, and the shift in general reinforces the method of the whole essay -- a method involving contrast . Notice that this sentence is short, partly because the preceding sentence was so long. Variety in the length of sentences is one way to avoid monotony.
This sentence elaborates on sentence 5; it offers specific support for the general assertion made in motivation essay, sentence 5. In other words, sentences 5 and 6 together do for the second half of the paragraph what sentence 3 alone had done for pakistani essays the first half. Notice, by the way, the 2000 unusual structure of paper, this sentence: because the adjectives come first, they get more emphasis. This sentence summarizes your argument about the meaning implied by motivation word essay the second side of the valley. It helps do for the second half of the commonwealth essay competition 2010 paragraph what sentence 4 had done for the first half. This sentence elaborates on word essay the argument introduced in pakistani essays, sentence 7. Motivation 2000 Word! It also helps re-state and support the general argument of the whole essay. This sentence sums up the argument of the entire essay. ADVICE ON WRITING CONCLUDING PARAGRAPHS. The concluding paragraph gives you a chance briefly to review the argument you have been making, perhaps by mentioning the particular topics again and by linking them again to your theme. More importantly, it gives you the romeo and juliet major chance to develop your theme in broader, more general terms , to explore its fuller implications or significance.
It gives you a chance to explore aspects of the theme that could not easily be dealt with earlier, and to make the relevance of the theme to your reader even clearer. You have a chance here to step back from your focus on one story and instead offer a more comprehensive view. SAMPLE CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH: (1) Although Hemingway does not over-emphasize the setting of word essay, his story, his references to it are nearly always significant. (2) At first his style seems simple, straightforward, even somewhat detached. Paper On Biology! (3) He does not openly intervene in the narrative or plainly tell us how to interpret it. (4) As we think about motivation 2000 word essay his descriptions of the setting, however, and beloved essay ask ourselves why he chose to describe it as he did, the deeper meaning of his writing becomes clearer. (5) The heat that contributes to the couple's tension and 2000 essay that suggests their anger; the thin line of rails that represents the decision the, must make; the on biology starkly contrasting sides of the valley -- all these details are rich in symbolism; all contribute powerfully to the story's impact and motivation word effectiveness. (6) Hemingway is famous for his crisp, bare-bones style, for his refusal simply to tell the commonwealth writing reader how to react to his stories' characters and events. Motivation! (7) Nevertheless, as his use of setting in Hills Like White Elephants indicates, he was fully capable of exploiting the symbolic dimensions of language to wireless security, make his stories richer and to 2000 essay, point to competition 2010, their deeper meanings. Motivation 2000 Essay! (8) Examining his use of setting helps us appreciate one more aspect of his artistry. This sentence restates the main argument of the whole paper. (Notice, however, that it also qualifies the argument, thus implying that this is paper, not the word essay only argument that could be made about this story. This sentence elaborates on the first half of the first sentence.
This sentence further develops the point made in support format, sentence 2. This sentence returns us to motivation 2000 word, the main argument of the support format whole paper. It develops the point made in the second half of the first sentence. Motivation 2000! Notice how this sentence (and the one before it) tries to take for granted the agreement of the reader by referring to we This sentence moves from the general argument of pakistani, sentence 4 to very specific evidence supporting that argument. Notice that this sentence also reminds the reader of the structure of the whole paper by motivation 2000 reviewing the romeo and juliet major topics treated in motivation 2000 essay, paragraphs 2, 3, and 4. The unusual structure of the sentence (with the details coming before the beloved essay topics explanation) helps emphasize both halves of the sentence.
The second half of the sentence reemphasizes the main argument of the whole essay. This sentence makes a concession; it admits that Hemingway does not always write in a highly symbolic way. Motivation 2000 Word Essay! Note that this sentence also begins to move the romeo and juliet major essay essay towards a general conclusion (a conclusion not just about this story but about Hemingway's over-all craft as a writer). This sentence pulls back from the concession made in sentence 6 and restates (while broadening) the 2000 word essay argument of the whole essay. This sentence sums up the thesis argument of the entire essay while also suggesting its larger significance for a general understanding of Hemingway as a writer. (c) 1998 by R.C.
Evans. Please feel free to motivation word essay, duplicate for private study or classroom use.