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Analysis of Rip Van Winkle essays
biography on Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in rip van and romanticism essays Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family#8217;s eight children. His father, Earl Little, was an new essays outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Rip Van? Earl#8217;s civil rights activism prompted death threats from the white supremacist organization Black Legion, forcing the school, family to relocate twice before Malcolm#8217;s fourth birthday. Regardless of the winkle and romanticism, Little#8217;s efforts to elude the Legion, in 1929, their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground. Two years later, Earl#8217;s body was found lying across the town#8217;s trolley tracks. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the new essays, death of winkle essays, her husband and was committed to a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and orphanages. Eventually, Malcolm and his long-time friend, Malcolm #8220;Shorty#8221; Jarvis, moved back to phd thesis drama Boston. In 1946, they were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and winkle essays, Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years.
Recalling his days in school, he used the time to further his education. It was during this period of self-enlightenment that Malcolm#8217;s brother Reginald would visit and discuss his recent conversion to the Muslim religion. Reginald belonged to the religious organization the Nation of Islam (NOI). Intrigued, Malcolm began to study the teachings of NOI leader Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic, and was kann essay, social success. Among other goals, the NOI fought for a state of and romanticism essays, their own, separate from one inhabited by white people. By the leibniz new essays, time he was paroled in 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the new surname #8220;X#8221; (He considered #8220;Little#8221; a slave name and chose the winkle, #8220;X#8221; to signify his lost tribal name.). Intelligent and was kann ich wissen essay, articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. Rip Van And Romanticism? Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem.
Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, as well as radio and television, to communicate the NOI#8217;s message across the United States. His charisma, drive, and was kann, conviction attracted an winkle essays astounding number of new members. Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from 500 in leibniz new essays 1952 to 30,000 in rip van essays 1963. Leibniz? The crowds and controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet. Winkle? He was featured in a weeklong television special with Mike Wallace in 1959, called The Hate That Hate Produced. The program explored the fundamentals of the leibniz new essays, NOI, and tracked Malcolm#8217;s emergence as one of its most important leaders.
After the special, Malcolm was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad. In addition to the media, Malcolm#8217;s vivid personality had captured the government#8217;s attention. As membership in the NOI continued to rip van winkle and romanticism grow, FBI agents infiltrated the organization (one even acted as Malcolm#8217;s bodyguard) and secretly placed bugs, wiretaps, cameras, and other surveillance equipment to monitor the group#8217;s activities. Phd Thesis? Malcolm#8217;s faith was dealt a crushing blow at the height of the civil rights movement in 1963. He learned that his mentor and leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the Nation of Islam organization. As if that were not enough, Malcolm found out that some of these relationships had resulted in children. Since joining the winkle and romanticism essays, NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to the teachings of phd thesis drama, Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in 1958. Malcolm refused Muhammad#8217;s request to help cover up the affairs and winkle and romanticism essays, subsequent children. He was deeply hurt by Muhammad#8217;s actions, because he had previously considered him a living prophet. Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on too many lies to ignore.
Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F. Architectural? Kennedy. #8220;[Kennedy] never foresaw that the winkle and romanticism, chickens would come home to roost so soon,#8221; said Malcolm. After the statement, Elijah Muhammad #8220;silenced#8221; Malcolm for 90 days. Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason. In March 1964, Malcolm terminated his relationship with the essay for pharmacy school, NOI. Unable to look past Muhammad#8217;s deception, Malcolm decided to found his own religious organization, the winkle and romanticism, Muslim Mosque, Inc. That same year, Malcolm went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life altering for him. For the first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and drama, beliefs with different cultures and found the response to be overwhelmingly positive. When he returned, Malcolm said he had met #8220;blonde-haired, blued-eyed men I could call my brothers.#8221; He returned to the United States with a new outlook on integration and a new hope for the future.
This time when Malcolm spoke, instead of just preaching to African-Americans, he had a message for all races. After Malcolm resigned his position in the Nation of Islam and renounced Elijah Muhammad, relations between the two had become increasingly volatile. FBI informants working undercover in the NOI warned officials that Malcolm had been marked for assassinationone undercover officer had even been ordered to help plant a bomb in rip van and romanticism essays Malcolm#8217;s car. After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. On February 14, 1965 the home where Malcolm, Betty, and drama, their four daughters lived in East Elmhurst, New York was firebombed. Luckily, the family escaped physical injury. One week later, however, Malcolm#8217;s enemies were successful in their ruthless attempt.
At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan#8217;s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965, three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage. They shot him 15 times at close range. Winkle And Romanticism Essays? The 39-year-old was pronounced dead on arrival at hidden meditation spiritual, New York#8217;s Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm#8217;s funeral in rip van winkle and romanticism Harlem on February 27, 1965 at architectural problems, the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ (now Child#8217;s Memorial Temple Church of and romanticism, God in Christ). After the essay for pharmacy school, ceremony, friends took the shovels away from the waiting gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves. Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters. Malcolm#8217;s assassins, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson, were convicted of first-degree murder in March 1966. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam. Malcolm X’s legacy has moved through generations as the subject of numerous documentaries, books, and movies.
A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in 1992 when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed movie, Malcolm X. The film received Oscar nominations for Best Actor (Denzel Washington) and winkle, Best Costume Design. Malcolm X is buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.
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Rip van winkle romanticism essay
Old Masters at the Top of Their Game. Photographs by rip van and romanticism essays, ERIK MADIGAN HECK OCT. 23, 2014. After 80, some people don’t retire. Architectural? They reign. Related Article. After 80, some people don’t retire. They reign. Photographs by ERIK MADIGAN HECK. Frederick Wiseman, filmmaker, 84, on a walk in Paris.
Wiseman#x2019;s documentary #x2018;#x2018;National Gallery#x2019;#x2019; had its premiere at the Directors#x2019; Fortnight at Cannes this year. Is there a difference from the and romanticism essays way you work now and the way you worked when you were first starting out? I think I#x2019;ve learned more about how to make a movie. The basic approach hasn#x2019;t changed. The method that I follow is the same one that I#x2019;ve always followed. Drama? I hope that I#x2019;ve learned from one movie to rip van winkle and romanticism, the next, at least enough not to make the same mistakes. What#x2019;s the most grueling part of your filmmaking then? Raising the leibniz new essays money. Early on, did you ever think you#x2019;d still be making movies at your age? I didn#x2019;t think about it at all.
I have a hard time recognizing that I#x2019;m 84, almost 85. Winkle Essays? I#x2019;m in complete denial, which I think is essay for pharmacy extremely useful. Of course from time to time I allow myself to be aware of it, but it#x2019;s not something that I dwell on. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays? I like working. I work very intensely. Any advice for young filmmakers? And what about new essays advice for your peers, filmmakers your age?
Everybody complains about their aches and pains and all that, but my friends are either dead or are still working. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Essay by winkle and romanticism, LEWIS H. Essay Hidden Meditation Spiritual Text? LAPHAM Oct. 23, 2014. The portraits here are of men and women in their 80s and 90s, rich in the rewards of substantial and celebrated careers, and although I know none of rip van and romanticism, them except by name and reputation, I#x2019;m asked why their love#x2019;s labor is not lost but still to be found.
Why do they persist, the old masters? To what end the unceasing effort to discover or create something new? Why not rest on the laurels and the oars? The short answer is essay for pharmacy school Dr. Samuel Johnson#x2019;s, in a letter to James Boswell in 1777: #x201C;Depend upon it, sir, when a man knows he is to be hanged in a fortnight, it concentrates his mind wonderfully.#x201D; A longer answer is that of the 19th-century Japanese artist Hokusai, who at 75 added a postscript to the first printing of his #x201C;One Hundred Views of Mount Fuji#x201D;: #x201C;From the time that I was 6 years old I had the mania of drawing the form of objects.
As I came to be 50 I had published an infinity of designs; but all that I have produced before the age of rip van and romanticism essays, 70 is not worth being counted. Architectural? It is at rip van and romanticism the age of 73 that I have somewhat begun to understand the structure of true nature, of animals and grasses, and trees and birds, and fishes and insects; consequently at 80 years of age I shall have made still more progress; at 90 I hope to have penetrated into problems thesis, the mystery of rip van winkle and romanticism, things; at architectural thesis 100 years of age I should have reached decidedly a marvelous degree, and when I shall be 110, all that I do, every point and every line, shall be instinct with life #x2014; and I ask all those who shall live as long as I do to see if I have not kept my word.#x201D; Hokusai died in 1849 in his late 80s, by all reports still far from satisfied with his work then in progress. I#x2019;m not surprised. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism Essays? When I was 6, I delighted in the act of architectural problems, writing, at 12, in the expecting that by the time I turned 21, I would know how to make of it an art. The birthday came and went, and no dog showed up with the bird in its mouth. Before I was 30, I#x2019;d written seven drafts of a first novel mercifully unpublished; I consoled myself with the thought that by the time I was 40, I would know what I was doing. Another dream that didn#x2019;t come true, and so when I was 45, I began to explore the uses of the essay, the term from the French essayer (to try, to embark upon, to and romanticism, attempt), the form experimental and provisional, amenable to multiple shifts of architectural problems, perspective and tone, and therefore the best of instruments on which to practice the playing with words. The essay proceeds from the question #x201C;What do I know?#x201D; and doesn#x2019;t stay for an answer until the author finds out rip van and romanticism what he means to new essays, say by setting it up in a sentence, maybe catching it in the net of rip van winkle and romanticism, a metaphor. On the was kann ich wissen essay way through my 50s I could see signs of winkle and romanticism, progress, producing manuscripts that required only extensive rewriting, not the essay abandonment of the whole sorry mess of winkle, a dumb idea. Essay School? Revisions pursued through six or seven drafts allowed for the chance to find the right word, to rip van and romanticism, control the balance of a subordinate clause, to replace the adjective with a noun.
I didn#x2019;t enlist the help of a computer because words so quickly dressed up in the costume of print can pretend to a meaning and weight they neither enjoy nor deserve. Writing with a pen on paper, I can feel the thesis shape and sound of the words, and I#x2019;m better able to judge how and rip van and romanticism why one goes with another, and on approaching the caper crime essay age of 70 I toyed with the hope that success was maybe somewhere not far away in a manger or on the near side of a rainbow. Now I am 79. I#x2019;ve written many hundreds of rip van winkle and romanticism, essays, 10 times that number of misbegotten drafts both early and late, and I begin to understand that failure is architectural problems its own reward. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism? It is in the effort to close the distance between the work imagined and the work achieved wherein it is to was kann essay, be found that the ceaseless labor is the freedom of play, that what#x2019;s at stake isn#x2019;t a reflection in rip van essays the mirror of fame but the caper crime essay escape from the prison of the rip van winkle and romanticism self. T. H. White, the British naturalist turned novelist to write #x201C;The Once and Future King,#x201D; calls upon the druid Merlyn to teach the lesson to the young prince Arthur: #x201C;You may grow old and trembling in your anatomies, you may lie awake at ich wissen night listening to and romanticism essays, the disorder of your veins, you may miss your only love, you may see the world about you devastated by evil lunatics, or know your honour trampled in essay the sewers of baser minds. There is only one thing for it then #x2014; to learn. Learn why the world wags and what wags it. That is the only thing which the mind can never exhaust, never alienate, never be tortured by, never fear or distrust, and rip van and romanticism essays never dream of regretting.#x201D; The lesson can also be drawn from the strength of the work done in the dying of the light by the octogenarian and new essays nonagenarian students of the several and rip van winkle various arts #x2014; by, among others in a very long list, Michelangelo, Titian, Thomas Hardy, Claude Monet, Georgia O#x2019;Keeffe, Donatello, Pablo Casals, Jasper Johns, Giuseppe Verdi, Toni Morrison and Picasso.
John D. Rockefeller in his 80s was known to was kann essay, his business associates as a crazy old man possessed by the stubborn and ferocious will to know why the world wags and what wags it, less interested in money than in the solving of a problem in geography or corporate combination. By sources reliably informed I#x2019;m told that Warren Buffett, 84, and Rupert Murdoch, 83, never quit asking questions. Sophocles in his early 90s wrote #x201C;Oedipus at Colonus#x201D;; the American journalist I. F. Stone began the rip van essays study of ancient Greek in his 70s in order that he might read the essay for pharmacy play in the language of its birth. Stone, the most relentless investigative reporter of his generation, had uncovered the winkle essays truth known to both Hokusai and T. H. White, and the lesson I#x2019;m now almost old enough to caper crime essay, learn: that the tree of knowledge and the fountain of youth are one and the same. T. Boone Pickens, chairman of BP Capital Management, 86, at winkle and romanticism essays the Lowell Hotel in ich wissen Manhattan. How does being 86 affect your work?
I don#x2019;t consider myself to be this old. I just go to rip van winkle, work like I did 10, 20, 30, 40 years ago. I work the hidden life meditation spiritual text same hours. Rip Van Winkle Essays? I haven#x2019;t semiretired or slowed down. I have a trainer that comes in at 6:30 in the morning, and I#x2019;m at the office at 8 o#x2019;clock. What are the advantages to architectural, being your age in rip van winkle your business? I have a vast amount of experience. There are very few things I see that surprise me. I#x2019;ve seen it or something close to it with each thing I come across.
I was with a doctor the other day, and he said the reason that I#x2019;m so alert and all is probably that I do work. I go to work and leibniz start the meeting with my partners, 8 o#x2019;clock till 9 a.m. till commodities open, equities open and there#x2019;s discussion of world affairs and everything. Then everybody goes their separate ways. .#x2009;.#x2009;. We have another meeting when the market closes. We know exactly how we did that day. We know how much we made or lost. After the market closes at the end of every day, we know how we stand. It seems important to you that you stay relevant. For example, you#x2019;re active on Twitter.
I don#x2019;t physically do it. Winkle And Romanticism Essays? My assistant does it for me. But I say what I want to say, and it gets on there. I#x2019;m interested when somebody like Drake says, #x2018;#x2018;The first million is hard,#x2019;#x2019; and I said something like: #x2018;#x2018;Yeah? Try the first billion.#x2019;#x2019; I#x2019;m guessing there is no point to asking when you plan on retiring?
I#x2019;m going to retire in a box being carried out of my office. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, 81, in the Lawyers#x2019; Lounge of the Supreme Court. What is the biggest advantage of serving a long term on the Supreme Court? What seniority means here, and by the way I am not the most senior justice even though I am the essay oldest, well, almost everything at and romanticism the court is done by seniority. Even where we sit on the bench and at conference. I speak earlier at conference than I did before.
I#x2019;m No. 5 now. I started as No. 9. And does seniority offer any more influence? Speaking earlier, you have a chance to influence what people who speak later might say.
Conceivably, after a justice has expressed his or her view, she may rethink her position. But that is uncommon. What has been the most surprising thing for you about hagiographic life moving into your 80s? Nothing surprised me. Rip Van And Romanticism? But I#x2019;ve learned two things.
One is to seek ever more the joys of architectural problems thesis, being alive, because who knows how much longer I will be living? At my age, one must take things day by rip van winkle, day. I have been asked again and again, #x201C;How long are you going to stay there?#x201D; I make that decision year by year. The minute I sense I am beginning to hidden spiritual, slip, I will go. There#x2019;s a sense that time is precious and you should enjoy and thrive in what you#x2019;re doing to the hilt.
I appreciate that I have had as long as I have. Rip Van And Romanticism? . . . It#x2019;s a sense reminiscent of the poem #x2018;#x2018;Gather ye rosebuds while ye may.#x2019;#x2019; I had some trying times when my husband died. Architectural? We#x2019;d been married for 56 years and knew each other for 60. Now, four years later, I#x2019;m doing what I think he would have wanted me to do. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Edward O. Wilson, naturalist and author, 85, at Walden Pond in rip van and romanticism essays Massachusetts. New Essays? Wilson published a book, #x2018;#x2018;The Meaning of Human Existence,#x2019;#x2019; this year. It is the second in a trilogy. You are the world#x2019;s foremost expert on rip van winkle ants, and for pharmacy now you#x2019;re asking about the meaning of human existence and rip van winkle and romanticism the future of humanity. Caper Crime? Has growing older pushed you to these bigger questions?
I couldn#x2019;t have asked these questions before. I was too engaged in rip van and romanticism the hands-on research, especially in the field. So how has age contributed to your more recent books? I think age contributed a great deal to my undertaking in architectural problems this recent trilogy of books. First because I feel I have enough experience to join those who are addressing big questions. Rip Van Winkle? Second is because about drama 10 years ago, when I began reading and essays thinking more broadly about the leibniz new essays questions of what are we, where did we come from and rip van and romanticism essays where are we going, I was astonished at phd thesis drama how little this was being done. I#x2019;ve come to appreciate that we#x2019;re wrecking the rip van winkle planet, especially in the living part of the essay for pharmacy planet. The public response and the intellectual response to that particular crisis have just been unacceptably weak. Now that you#x2019;re 85, how do you see your future? I haven#x2019;t sensed anything, and rip van essays I don#x2019;t think others have sensed yet that#x2019;s an obvious deterioration of what I#x2019;m doing.
When I feel it I#x2019;ll stop. Essay For Pharmacy School? What I#x2019;ll do then is try to take more time in going back to the field with my butterfly net. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Roy Haynes, jazz drummer and bandleader, 89, in his basement practice space on Long Island. Haynes#x2019;s latest album was #x2018;#x2018;Roy-Alty,#x2019;#x2019; released in rip van 2011.
You travel a lot, and it sounds as if you have no intention of slowing down. I#x2019;ve been traveling since 1945. Caper? That#x2019;s the year I moved from Boston to New York. In doing something since I was a teenager, traveling all over the world, meeting people, having them meet me, drumming#x2019;s just a continuous way of life. Winkle And Romanticism? And it#x2019;s still going on. Architectural Problems Thesis? I#x2019;ve been doing this longer than I#x2019;ve been doing anything else. You get to rip van, be this age, you think you know a little more about ich wissen life. With my traveling around, it#x2019;s quite exciting, and I#x2019;m sure it keeps me young. A lot of the people I play with are much younger than me. Young enough to be my children or my grandchildren. People say I look young.
The average person if they asked how old I was wouldn#x2019;t expect me to be the age I am. But how do you maintain your stamina? I don#x2019;t know. If I knew, I#x2019;d just write a book on that and forget playing drums. I#x2019;d become richer. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Carmen Herrera, painter, 99, in her Manhattan studio. Herrera sold her first painting at rip van winkle age 89. Essay Hagiographic Hidden Meditation? Today her work is in the permanent collections at the Museum of Modern Art and the Tate Modern.
When did you start to have confidence in winkle your work? It all began in Paris in the late #x2019;40s. I was then involved with the Salon des#xA0;R#xE9;alit#xE9;s Nouvelles. Was Kann Ich Wissen? I recall its director, Fredo Sid#xE8;s, saying to me, #x2018;#x2018;Madame, you have many beautiful paintings in this one work.#x2019;#x2019; I thought about rip van and romanticism essays it and decided that he was right! So I started taking things out. Leibniz? And I have never stopped doing that. You painted for decades, but didn#x2019;t sell your work until just 10 years ago. What kept you going?
I do it because I have to. I have my ideas. I do my drawings. Rip Van Winkle? I make my paintings. It#x2019;s my love of the straight line that keeps me going. This has not changed. What was your reaction when you sold your first painting at 89? I was never bitter. I always wished others well. I thought maybe the market would be corrupting. Without commercial success you can do what you want to do.
There is freedom to be working alone. But, oh, when my work began to hidden life meditation text, sell! I thought, Damn it, it#x2019;s about time! At 99, how do you view your future? I am always waiting to finish the next thing. Absurd, I know. I go day by day. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Ginette Bedard, long-distance runner, 81, near her home in Howard Beach, Queens. Winkle Essays? Bedard will run in her 12th consecutive New York City Marathon this year. You ran your first marathon at age 69.
How did you do? I came in second in my age group, I think 65 to 69, and the next year I came in leibniz first. And I think I was 72 when I beat the world record for essays my age group, 3:46 or :45. Do you run with a partner? Or listen to music? No, no, nothing. Was Kann? I run.
I think of my past. My childhood in France. Everything. Sometimes I may have an issue I#x2019;m thinking about. I#x2019;ll think about rip van winkle and romanticism essays my past job. Or current events. A bit of everything. How long will you keep running marathons? I#x2019;m going to hidden, do this until destiny takes me away. When they gave me the rip van winkle and romanticism last trophy last Sunday for the half marathon in Central Park, the trophy said, #x2018;#x2018;From 80 to 99,#x2019;#x2019; and I thought, O.K., I#x2019;ve got 20 years to go yet.
There#x2019;s no one left. It#x2019;s easy to win. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Tony Bennett, singer, 88, at Carnegie Hall. Phd Thesis? Bennett released #x2018;#x2018;Cheek to Cheek,#x2019;#x2019; an album of duets with Lady Gaga, this year. It debuted at winkle No. 1 in Billboard. Here I am at 88, and for pharmacy school I still feel like I have an awful lot to learn, today and tomorrow and the next day and winkle and romanticism essays the next day. About my craft.
About how to thesis, become a better artist. About coming up with creative ideas. How is it sharing the stage with Lady Gaga? The whole thing about doing the album with Lady was to get the young kids to hear the Great American Songbook. And she#x2019;s great. She sings beautiful, she#x2019;s a wonderful improviser.
I said, #x2018;#x2018;Don#x2019;t ever stop singing like that, you#x2019;re a beautiful singer.#x2019;#x2019; And she says that I turned her life around. That she knows she has a good voice, and she#x2019;s going to sing that way now. Now that you#x2019;re nearly 90, what has changed the most for you about performing? I#x2019;ve learned that it#x2019;s what you leave out of a performance, not what you put into it. Fred Astaire taught me this. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays? He explained: #x2018;#x2018;When you have a show and it#x2019;s perfect, where every song works, no matter how perfect you think it is, go in and pull out 15 minutes of it.
Don#x2019;t stay onstage too much. Architectural Problems? Know when enough is enough.#x2019; I#x2019;ve learned that less is winkle and romanticism more. It#x2019;s not because of age, but it#x2019;s the right thing to phd thesis drama, do. Don#x2019;t overstay your welcome. How do you keep up your stamina to rip van essays, tour with Lady Gaga? A lot of tennis. I#x2019;m not that good, but I love to play and watch. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Ellsworth Kelly, artist, 91, at his studio in new essays Spencertown, N.Y. Last year, President Obama presented Kelly with the National Medal of Arts. What#x2019;s different about your life now that you#x2019;re older?
When I was 79, I asked my doctor, #x2018;#x2018;I#x2019;m 79 and you say I#x2019;m in rip van good health, what should I expect from the leibniz 80s?#x2019;#x2019; And he said: #x2018;#x2018;If you haven#x2019;t got any of the Mayo diseases, you#x2019;re pretty good. Rip Van Winkle Essays? You can slide right through.#x2019;#x2019; And I said, #x2018;#x2018;What about the 90s?#x2019;#x2019; And he said, #x2018;#x2018;Well .#x2009;.#x2009;. we#x2019;ll talk about that.#x2019;#x2019; But I didn#x2019;t sail through exactly. What happened five years ago is I discovered that painting with turpentine, which I#x2019;ve been doing since the 1940s, had ruined my lungs. So I#x2019;ve been on oxygen ever since. I don#x2019;t travel now. That#x2019;s the big thing. But I#x2019;m here [in Columbia County, N.Y.], and I love it. Thesis? Each year I#x2019;m very surprised by the color. .#x2009;.#x2009;. It#x2019;s one thing about getting older, you see more. .#x2009;.#x2009;. Everyday I#x2019;m continuing to see new things. That#x2019;s why there are new paintings.
What are your days like now? I#x2019;m in the studio everyday. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism Essays? I draw a lot. .#x2009;.#x2009;. I chose plants because I knew I could draw plants forever. I want to thesis, work like nature works. I want to understand the growth of plants and the dead leaves falling. Oh, how I connect with that! Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times.
Christopher Plummer, actor, 84, at his home in Connecticut. In 2012, Plummer won the Academy Award for best supporting actor for his role in #x2018;#x2018;Beginners,#x2019;#x2019; making him the rip van winkle and romanticism oldest actor to win the award. What has surprised you the life text most about being your age? Well, the rip van essays fact that there were no surprises surprised me. I don#x2019;t feel any older now or less flexible than I did when I was 60 or 55. It just goes on. Was this information that was passed along to you, or did you have to find it out yourself? Well, most of my contemporaries and friends have kicked the bucket. An awful lot of them are gone. But the ones whom I admired, for leibniz new essays instance John Gielgud, was working when he was 96.
And I remember thinking, Good God, that#x2019;s amazing. I keep hearing that staying in shape is crucial past a certain age. Anything else? Yes. And so is doing the work. It uplifts you. The idea that you#x2019;re doing what you love. It#x2019;s very important.
It#x2019;s very sad that most people in the world are not happy with their lot or with their jobs and they can#x2019;t wait to retire. And when they retire, it#x2019;s like death. .#x2009;.#x2009;. They sit at home and watch the television. And that is death. I think you#x2019;ve got to continue. We never retire. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays? We shouldn#x2019;t retire. Not in our profession. There#x2019;s no such thing. We want to drop dead onstage.
That would be a nice theatrical way to go. Erik Madigan Heck for phd thesis drama The New York Times. R.#x2009;O. Blechman, illustrator and author, 84, on his property in Ancram, N.Y. In 2009,#xA0;Blechman published the book #x2018;#x2018;Dear James: Letters to a Young Illustrator.#x2019;#x2019; What do you know now that you didn#x2019;t know when you were younger?
It#x2019;s important to stay with a project and not give up because it doesn#x2019;t seem to be breaking for winkle you. Caper Crime Essay? Whatever it is. Winkle And Romanticism Essays? I#x2019;m reminded of for pharmacy school, what a Russian scientist once said: #x2018;#x2018;Ice forms instantly, but the process of forming the rip van winkle and romanticism essays ice is slow and invisible.#x2019;#x2019; How is your work itself different now from 30, 40, 50 years ago? Doing the work hasn#x2019;t changed. I#x2019;m the same guy I was 30, 40, 50 years ago. But I think I#x2019;m freer now. I think I#x2019;m better.
It#x2019;s crazy. As it goes downhill, I#x2019;m going up. What do you see for your future? On Henry James#x2019;s deathbed, his late brother#x2019;s widow saw that as James was dying, his hand moved across the bedsheet as if he were still writing. I want to die like him. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Carl Reiner, actor, 92, at his home in Beverly Hills, Calif. Leibniz New Essays? Reiner published his second memoir, #x2018;#x2018;I Just Remembered,#x2019;#x2019; this year. Has the process of writing for you changed? It has not changed. I still only write from the rip van and romanticism gut, I can only write about architectural problems what I know.
The only thing I research is if I#x2019;m writing about someone I don#x2019;t know. Thank God for Google. Otherwise I go by the seat of my pants. What advice to you have for younger people in show business? The best thing I ever did was marry correctly. I gave it a title, LOML, love of rip van winkle and romanticism, my love.
She informed everything I ever did. She was the smartest person I know. She raised three great children and caper crime one great husband. Marry someone whom you really love, because lust disappears quickly, but deep love lasts forever. Is there anything you know now that you didn#x2019;t know as a younger man? Well, I never was looking for rip van winkle and romanticism essays the final chapter.
Now if any time something goes a little askew, like if I#x2019;m feeling a little poorly, I use Edward G. Drama? Robinson#x2019;s line from #x2018;#x2018;Little Caesar,#x2019;#x2019; #x2018;#x2018;Is this the end of Rico?#x2019;#x2019; I#x2019;m constantly saying that to Mel [Brooks]. .#x2009;.#x2009;. We usually eat together. We agree on the same programs to watch. .#x2009;.#x2009;. Rip Van Winkle? We watch the ballgame, and Mel yells at the set. He yells at the manager. And sometimes they listen to him. We have a very big set. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times.
Frank Gehry, architect, 85, at his office in Los Angeles. Gehry#x2019;s latest project was the Fondation Louis Vuitton in new essays Paris, an arts center sponsored by the LVMH Fashion Group. What has changed the most for you about your work since you#x2019;ve hit your 80s? Buildings take seven years from the time you#x2019;re hired until you#x2019;re finished. Winkle And Romanticism? There#x2019;s always that pause in my mind now when we get a new project. And then I think about it for a few minutes, and I say: #x2018;#x2018;Ah, screw it! Full speed ahead.#x2019;#x2019; Are you finding that work for leibniz you is simpler or more complicated? Well, there are days here when I think I#x2019;m absolutely losing it. But my closest staff says that I#x2019;m doing more things than I#x2019;ve ever done.
According to them, I#x2019;m having more different meetings, more different challenges, and I#x2019;m meeting them. Rip Van? Working at top speed, they think. So I#x2019;m just listening to them. As you prepare to give up your business to the next generation, how do you avoid becoming a control freak? That#x2019;s the hardest thing for me. Hagiographic Hidden Meditation Spiritual Text? I#x2019;m still grappling with it.
I#x2019;ve been letting it happen on things that are personal, like my house that [my son] Sam#x2019;s designing, where I#x2019;m taking the risk. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism? I#x2019;m not foisting him on a client. And he#x2019;s doing remarkably well. I would have done it differently, but I#x2019;m going with it. How do you stay intuitive? You stay in your time. You don#x2019;t go backward. I think if you relate to the time you#x2019;re in, you keep your eyes and ears open, read the paper, see what#x2019;s going on, stay curious about everything, you will automatically be in your time.
Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Senator Dianne Feinstein, 81, near her home in San Francisco. Feinstein has been a member of the United States Senate since 1992. What#x2019;s the leibniz new essays benefit of 50-plus years of experience in politics? Based on experience, you know how much can get done at rip van essays a particular point.
And when timing and opportunity combine, you can get something done. Like a bill passed. Hagiographic Life Spiritual? Politics is the rip van winkle and romanticism art of the was kann essay possible. Winkle And Romanticism Essays? But you have to understand what is possible at a given time. Is this something you#x2019;ve learned recently, or something you#x2019;ve known all along?
I understood it by experience when I was mayor of San Francisco. Architectural Thesis? It was a very fragmented city, full of hate. I became mayor as a product of assassination. It was perhaps the most difficult time in winkle my political life. Was Kann? I learned a lot about bringing people together instead of splitting them apart.
Is there anything that has surprised you about being in your age, either personally or professionally? No. You don#x2019;t feel any different. Rip Van Winkle? Age isn#x2019;t chronological in my view. Age is very much individual.
Some people age faster than others. You can see that everywhere. Some people lose brain cells faster than others. Some people lose body functions faster than others. Caper Essay? So if you keep all those things, there is no reason age is any kind of a deterrent. Erik Madigan Heck for The New York Times. Betty White, actress, 92, on set in Studio City, Calif. White currently stars in the TV Land original sitcom #x2018;#x2018;Hot in rip van and romanticism Cleveland.#x2019;#x2019; What do people get most wrong about being old?
We#x2019;ve made age such a terrible thing that the younger people think that just getting to that age is awful. But if you#x2019;re blessed with good health, and leibniz new essays I am, and I never take it for granted, you can get by rip van winkle and romanticism essays, with murder! You get spoiled rotten. Now that you are older, what has changed the most for you in your work? I don#x2019;t know that anything#x2019;s changed. I#x2019;ve been playing older parts for, oh, a couple hundred years. So how do you stay in shape? I have a two-story house and a very bad memory, so I#x2019;m up and down those stairs all the caper time. Rip Van And Romanticism? That#x2019;s my exercise. Do you have your bucket list of showbiz goals?
I#x2019;m so busy, and I#x2019;m always booked, so I have no time to for pharmacy, think about winkle essays it. I#x2019;m working all the leibniz time. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays? .#x2009;.#x2009;. I just love to work #x2014; getting to hidden, connect with the audience, knowing that the camera is another friend in the room, and the fact that all the jokes don#x2019;t work but when they do it#x2019;s a great kick. Winkle And Romanticism? So I keep saying yes instead of no. Erik Madigan Heck for was kann essay The New York Times. Interviews by Camille Sweeney. Erik Madigan Heck is a photographer based in New York. Rip Van And Romanticism? He photographed Peter Gelb of the Metropolitan Opera last year for the magazine’s cover. Lewis H. Lapham was the editor of was kann, Harper’s Magazine for rip van winkle and romanticism 30 years.
He has published 14 books of essays, and in 2007, at leibniz 72, he founded Lapham’s Quarterly.
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Analysis of Rip Van Winkle essays
What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the firms have, and what areas of concerns the firms may have that they will likely test you on during the and romanticism essays in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an drama, explanation of how the consulting firms think about recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the firms do very predictable . Keep in mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to essays, IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format. Many people obsess over how the resume is formatted. The truth is the words on the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins.
Simple example, if I see a resume that has the wrong margins but the resume says, Harvard University, #1 in for pharmacy school, Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). I will notice the resume. So the first big takeaway is this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say. In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of rip van winkle and romanticism essays formats. Architectural Problems! Many different formats can work. Essays! The most important thing is the major accomplishments are easy to read.
Here is ich wissen what the big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. 4) Evidence of Leadership and People Skills.
5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in mind, these are resume criteria for rip van winkle essays ALL levels of consulting, not just post-college roles. Let me explain WHY each one is important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the top consulting firms are school snobs. They like big brand name educational institutions for the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per year, your employer is probably billing you out to clients at $600,000 USD/year. That's $50,000 USD/month. The client is leibniz new essays going to want to know what and who they are getting for rip van and romanticism that kind of money. When the answer is John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from for pharmacy, Yale and winkle, MBA from Harvard, clients respond with an was kann ich wissen, Oh wow. that's impressive comment. It makes it easier to get new clients to rip van, say yes.
Now plenty of people get into the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. Phd Thesis Drama! but if you got it, make sure it is OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the thought process of rip van some of text these biases. The thinking is that only winkle, super high achievers get into the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers. This is life meditation spiritual not to winkle and romanticism essays, say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the architectural thesis highest achievers from non-target schools will work really hard to contact the firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination. (There is and romanticism a lesson here. If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by the amount of effort you put into networking.) In addition, it is very expensive for the firms to do on was kann ich wissen campus recruiting. So they stick to rip van, schools where the offer rate vs. applicant ratio is high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is a target school and my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by McKinsey). As a point of architectural thesis reference, when I was recruited by McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the firm spent $100,000 USD in recruiting expense to hire ONE Business Analyst.
This figure included all billable hours of interviewers and consultants who go to on campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is rip van and romanticism easier to understand a candidate's accomplishment via the implied credibility of the employer name and phd thesis, it is also easier to convey to clients. It is the same reason everyone wants to work for MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on your resume that stays with you forever. To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches.
It stays with you for a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on rip van winkle your resume. When I applied for consulting internships in my junior year at Stanford, I got rejected across the board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by essay Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in winkle and romanticism, round 1, and Booz when I decided to essay hagiographic hidden life meditation, cancel my final round.) So what did I do in the 12 months that made such a big difference? Well I looked at who got interviews (most were friends of mine) and tried to figure out winkle, why they got interviews. Their GPAs were identical to mine. Their areas of phd thesis academic study were identical to mine. Rip Van Winkle Essays! The only thing I noticed was many of them had worked for well known companies the prior summer, and new essays, I had not.
I decided to focus on improving the brand name factor on my resume in rip van and romanticism, two ways. First, I did an internship at Merrill Lynch during the school year. I worked in the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the way, this was an unpaid internship. so I worked for about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. just so I could put Merrill Lynch on my resume.
This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an internship during the academic year. Second, I was able to caper crime essay, get an winkle and romanticism, internship with a big company (now called ATT) for that summer. So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on essay for pharmacy school my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none. As I mentioned earlier, the following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in large part because of the brand name employers on rip van winkle and romanticism my resume (I was competing against 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of essay us would read resumes with a big red marker. Winkle And Romanticism Essays! All we would do for hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on caper the resume that jumped out as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to know if you are smart.
It helps to rip van essays, put your GPA on architectural thesis your resume. If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for it anyways and write it by hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and rip van winkle and romanticism essays, assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is text not well understood by winkle and romanticism essays others, you should explain the grading scale your school uses. Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is was kann ich wissen essay a 4.0 GPA out of a possible 4.0. If yours is different or you are applying from one country to winkle and romanticism essays, an office in a different country, then you want to essay school, put on your resume some way for the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. like top 1% of class, something along those lines). For applicants coming out of college, many firms will ask for your transcript to see your specific grades on specific classes. In particular, they are looking for your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by a recent graduate from your school.
So if you went to Stanford and took Geology 101, the reader is going to know that you took Rocks for Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is not a cutoff and rip van winkle and romanticism essays, the standard will vary by school. For Pharmacy School! Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is good enough to not get disqualified from the rip van and romanticism essays process purely because of caper essay GPA. Rip Van Winkle Essays! The resume reader will most likely read the rest of your resume before deciding. My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at the time I applied to the major firms. so nowhere near perfect, but in phd thesis drama, hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews. 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math.
Many firms will want to rip van winkle and romanticism, see a standardized test score of some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Crime! Because it is rip van sometimes hard to problems, compare GPAs from one university to winkle and romanticism, another, the standardized test score is an easy way to compare measure of one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the ability to think in a logical and analytical way -- the drama preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously. Since I applied coming out of college, I had only taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to apply to US colleges) and I had a score of 800 on the math section (800 out of 800). It is not necessary to have a perfect score, but certainly the rip van winkle higher the better. There is architectural problems thesis no absolute cut-off as it depends on the impressiveness of the rest of your application. That being said, outperforming 95% of other test takers is rip van and romanticism ideal if applying to the top 3 firms. School! The standard is rip van not as high with other firms. 4) Evidence of Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and #3 above) is not enough to do well as a consultant.
You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the essay school things most firms look for is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about winkle and romanticism essays these kinds of leadership scenarios in for pharmacy, your interview. They also look for it in your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME. It is a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at winkle essays, a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in that industry, but would be valued by problems consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the more important it is to essays, emphasize these leadership and caper crime essay, people skills. If you have a PhD in Physics from MIT and have been published 10 times, this is no guarantee of an interview.
Here's why. With a PhD in rip van winkle and romanticism essays, Physics from drama, MIT, it is assumed you have the analytical skills to do the winkle quantitative aspect of the consulting job. But now the firms want to know if you can work with people. or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and team management type experiences. Now if you had a PhD in Physics but also did sales jobs to for pharmacy, pay your bills during school and you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to be the OPPOSITE of the stereotype for your area of academic study.
If you are an English major, the rip van winkle essays assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the opposite to be true. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to leibniz, Length of Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the firms are looking for an impressive (career trajectory vs. length of essays career) ratio. So if you've worked 1 year in your career, they want to see 1 impressive year. Hagiographic Hidden Text! If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years. Things to emphasize in describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on essays the job, focus on what is drama most relevant to consulting firms. For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of work experience in and romanticism essays, a very technical field in a very technical role, it is a waste of space to spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments.
Use those bullets to emphasize business results (derived from your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the essay for pharmacy measurable change in behavior from your work (because of this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. 0 when I started, that sort of thing). If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to forecast prices of Gold in the commodities market. Or became a self-taught software developer in rip van and romanticism, a particular job. So the key message here is this: Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to put everything you did, so you must focus on emphasizing those things you want to convey about each job to round out your profile. Another way to balance out which points you choose to emphasize in the bullet points under each job description -- look for the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of mine who interned at Bain.
She was an English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and got perfect grades in each of caper crime them. Winkle And Romanticism! That's an unusual combo. Another way to think about it is something one of my McKinsey colleagues said to me. We like to hire engineers with people skills. And we like to new essays, hire poets who can do math. If you have an unusual combination of essays skills, be sure that comes through in crime, your resume. And Romanticism Essays! Bust the stereotype that you might get type cast in. Thoughts on Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at essay for pharmacy school, the top.
Make sure the name of the rip van and romanticism essays school you went to is easy to read. Whether you've never worked full time or have been in caper, industry 10 years, put the schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for first, so don't bury it. (If it is buried, it is assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in the education section of your resume. If it is missing, the assumption is it must be low (otherwise you would know to put it). * List your career experiences in winkle essays, chronological order (most recent job at the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to read. * Keep the resume concise -- 1 page for anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for experienced hires. * Use bullets to save space. Keep the points short and to architectural problems, the point. A good rule of thumb is 2 - 4 bullets per job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the rip van and romanticism essays font size is easy to read.
Since a size 11 font will vary depending on which font is drama used, just make sure the reader can read it. * Make sure to winkle, bold all school names and employer names. No need to bold your job titles. Phd Thesis! Recruiters look at employer name first, job title second. Emphasize the things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into reading the resume, and then discovering everything else you have to offer.
If you worked for a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism! list the client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over the top, but at least it will get seen). So if you worked for John Doe Consultants. but the client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the founders of Google, say that! This is not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life. The point of a resume is NOT to write a personal biography. The point is to ich wissen essay, SELL YOU. The key to sales in any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to winkle and romanticism essays, just show what the customer, or in this case employer, cares about. * Use language and descriptions that the resume reader will understand. If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for a job in Paris, do not assume the recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. Architectural Thesis! explain it is a 9.5 (out of 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to 1 person out of 10,000 applicants.
These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the winkle sufficient background to appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on leibniz new essays your resume. Good luck on your recruiting process. Also keep in and romanticism essays, mind that my website has over 500 articles, all on the topic of essay hagiographic hidden meditation spiritual case interviews. If you are looking for more information on a specific topic, just go to: If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to get access to rip van winkle essays, the materials I used to essay, pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and end up working at McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of video tutorials on case interviews, the actual frameworks I used to pass my interviews, and over 500 articles on rip van and romanticism essays case interviews. To get access to these free resources, just fill out the form below: Note: All registrations require you to confirm your email address. Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to my Case Secrets Email Newsletter.
This article was great Victor! The breakdown and examples were especially useful. I follow your site fervently and find your insights and advice really authentic. I have a few questions if you would be able to give me some advice. I would absolutely love to work at Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is where I am from).
I dont plan on applying anytime soon but am trying to phd thesis drama, steer my career strategy towards an eventual move into Consulting. I am currently working for rip van winkle and romanticism a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and crime essay, am planning to get a Mba from one of the top 5 schools. My concern is if I do make it to the one of the winkle schools and then apply for a spot at Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for me to be considered? In regards to GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at problems, Deere which is rip van consistantly considered a top engineering company. Essay! Also I went to winkle and romanticism, a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT.
Would these things be detrimental to my future application? I will have about 3 years of work experience by the time I am ready to start my Mba. I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at the top Mba school, then I could use that for my GPA on essay the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in addition to my analytical prowess due to me being an Engineer. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism Essays! Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of hagiographic life meditation text interests, ranging from quantum physics/mathematics to economics to immigrant identity in the western cultures to cultural/social processes of thought in eastern cultures compared to western and the art of Comedy. Would any of this be relevant to making me stand out as unique? Im sorry for the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for rip van and romanticism some direction in my endeavor to get back home with the great prestige and opportunity of working for Mckinsey and am trying to get the best strategy to do so. Problems Thesis! Thanks for all the help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for.
Yes, it is noticed — but if the overall trajectory of essays your resume is strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor. It might not be enough to get into the top 3 firms, but certainly the rest of the top 10 is a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for you. The interpretation you want the reader to have is 1) smart enough to have gone to harvard for undergrad, but for whatever reason the new essays opportunity didn’t exist for this person at that time. In terms of the low undegrad gpa at a non target school, the interpretation you hope for is the person was smart, but lazy as an undergrad… and for and romanticism essays a variety of reasons, got serious and crime, the more recent accomplishments and test scores reflect being smart with the work ethic. You don’t want the undergrad gpa to be interpreted as that was the best the person could have done. The person worked as hard as possible and the maximum performance the person’s intellect was capable of was the low gpa.
Now if that happens to be true, it will most likely be reflected in a gmat score in a range similar to the undergrad gpa. But if the GMAT score is substantially higher than the rip van winkle essays undergrad GPA and the mba GPA is excellent, the interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the crime essay person was smart but lazy in college. And Romanticism Essays! (Or smart but suffered from illness while in college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into caper essay top 5 mba, graduate at top 20% of your class. This is great! But do I have no real chance at the top three firms, even if I accomplish the said action items? I have become very keen on being able to work at Mckinsey and from many of the stories I have read on your site it seems that people who have not gone to rip van winkle and romanticism, target schools as undergrad were still able to phd thesis, work at rip van winkle essays, the top 3 firms. I was under the impression that if I worked hard enough with all the material and advice you provide and ich wissen, also network well at rip van winkle, one of the top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance.
I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is obviously very potent and relevant. If my future application with all the things I am trying to accomplish is still by your standards not up to par, I have to respect that. I know you always say that anything could happen and to find my own way is key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and interviewer, I can’t help but re-evaluate. Still, I do intend on trying and phd thesis, striving towards a spot at the top and if it doesn’t happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to rip van winkle and romanticism, fall back on. Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and school, focus, this is the path I have set out and winkle essays, my determination to go to Mck is absolute.
Thanks Victor for the direction, I will fervently strive to one day be on your success stories section. Hi Victor! As an undergraduate student applying for consulting internships for next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful. I have one question about the essay hagiographic hidden spiritual standardized test scores – I have 5’s on rip van winkle and romanticism both Calculus AP tests and both the language and literature AP tests. These scores are better than my SAT scores in math and critical reasoning – would it be acceptable to caper essay, use my AP scores on rip van winkle and romanticism my resume for the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and they are super insightful! Question: Would any of the firms hire someone with a B.A. majoring in Biology and English who is medical school bound?
I am going to medical school September 2015, and have a gap year. I ultimately want to work in a place like McKinsey after pursuing an MD and getting some clinical experience. How should I proceed? Do you have any advice on moving from IT/HR consulting to Strategy consulting? Outside of going back to essay school, get an MBA or other advanced degree, I’ve heard the paths are extremely limited. I have an undergrad degree in aeronautical engineering from an overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and I’m currently working on my Master’s in Aerospace Engineering at Penn State University.
My GPA will only be around 3 when I’m done, however I have 710/800 in Quants and and romanticism, 700/800 in essay school, Verbal from my SAT in senior year of winkle high school. I also have 800/800 in Quants and 740/800 in Verbal on the GRE when I applied to grad school. I have realized only after coming to grad school that engineering isn’t what I really want. I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills. And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. Phd Thesis! I have been thinking hard about consulting over the past several months and I think consulting would be a great fit for me. What do you think are my chances of getting a top 10 company to rip van, give me an interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the GRE and SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? I’m looking to attack all other areas of my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on this. For Pharmacy School! Thanks! Thank you for and romanticism this great site too!
Helpful and insightful article. You have answered all my questions. I have fired blanks all the time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited – Executive management experience more than 15 years management and project management experiences, two masters degree – one cum laude from private college in my home country. Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in hell in landing that consulting career with a big consulting house. What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to 1 page?
In terms of resume length, the rough rule of thumb is one page per decade of post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in a start up company in India. Leibniz New Essays! The company I work for is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the fortune 500 companies. I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from a state level top b-school. Rip Van Winkle Essays! I am aiming at the big 4. Do I have a chance? Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in the interview. Leibniz New Essays! My question is am I even in the race? It’s hard to tell.
The easiest test is to look at other graduates for and romanticism your business school to see if any are working at the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to give you some Kudos for essay hidden life meditation spiritual that helpful article. Greetings from Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from winkle, a top 10 (non-IIT) school in essay, India. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism Essays! I moved into IT through a scholarship by essay meditation text NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. I’ve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and rip van winkle and romanticism essays, non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? Hey Victor, I’m an undergrad at berkeleys business school but the problem is I transferred from community college. Berkeleys undergrad biz school is super hard to get into, about 6% Acceptancce rate.
If I do well at berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to essay school, be honest. Thanks. By itself, I don’t think it is winkle a deal killer. Essay For Pharmacy! But, you will have to do well at essays, Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from high school. My college roommate at Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA — needless to essay, say nobody cared how he got into Stanford, only how he performed as he left. Incidentally, the rip van winkle and romanticism “story” you want to imply (assuming it is caper true) is that you went to community college to save money (which most consider an acceptable reason to go) but were qualified to rip van and romanticism essays, attend an elite university (and your high gpa at the elite university is indicative of new essays your ability to perform at a high level).
The “I couldn’t afford it” is a much more acceptable “excuse” than “I wasn’t ‘smart’ enough to get in”. It would help to have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too. Thank so much for the reply victor. For haas business there is rip van winkle and romanticism essays a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into consideration if I don’t have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is that ok? That’s pretty good if it’s a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Resumes get reviewed on the whole picture. You don’t need everything to school, be perfect, but if one thing is rip van winkle low something else on the resume needs to leibniz new essays, stand out as a compensating factor. So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for the low GPA came along with it.
A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. You can find the link somewhere on winkle essays the website, probably at was kann, the top. If everything across the board is poor, that’s a deal breaker. Rip Van Winkle! If one thing is poor, but the rest exceptional that’s a possibility. If everything is above average, that’s a possibility, etc… Numerous ways to get considered.
Also have you ever heard of people getting a job at a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA? 3.5 or higher is the norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances. I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from leibniz, a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. I’ve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for rip van winkle and romanticism essays a MBA. What are my chances of working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate?
The non profit background does not rule you out. The lack of brand is an issue, but can be compensated for. Phd Thesis Drama! Oxford is a target school so that is winkle going to be of enormous help for you. The lack of brand employers can be compensated in few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help. Your performance at Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. I don’t know if they track and hidden meditation text, publish school rank, but if you were in the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to rip van, network, meet people in the firms you want to essay, target, and get them to recommend to their recruiting departments to interview you. The above maximizes your chances of getting the interview. Then you have to perform exceptionally well on the case. Rip Van Winkle Essays! It can not just be an marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to get away with in the first round), in your case it really needs to be exceptional starting in round 1 to hagiographic hidden life meditation text, offset the perceived risk of rip van winkle hiring someone without a brand employer background.
From an interviewers point of essay hagiographic life meditation spiritual text view, it is rip van winkle extremely, extremely difficult to turn down a candidate in crime, round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is VERY hard to do that. If there is a resume issue, the thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the winkle and romanticism essays decision, and then decide to essay, pass the winkle essays decision to the round 2 interviewers. I should point out problems, I have received many emails from people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much “worse” than yours). They have gotten into the top firms.
BUT, and I can’t stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and probably put 100 – 200 (the highest I’ve ever seen is 300+ hours) hours into case prep and several hundred hours into networking. It can be done, but the winkle essays “worse” the resume (and I don’t consider your resume bad, the Oxford piece is quite the accomplishment but the lack of brand employers is a valid issue in the eyes of consulting firms) the harder you just worker AND very importantly the EARLIER you must start. If possible start 6 and preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to interview. Was Kann Ich Wissen Essay! That is one of the essays common traits among those who got offers from the top 3 with some kind of disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and were willing to was kann essay, put in the effort. Thank you for winkle and romanticism your reply. New Essays! I am probably 7 months away from starting school and 14-15 months away from interviewing. What do you recommend I do to get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos?
Also, I’ve heard the rip van winkle and romanticism term “networking” thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Is there a good place to learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to problems thesis, get placed a year later? Thanks so much. Your reply was very helpful. Do you think regardless of your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the firm can still get you a job within the company? No. Rip Van! It might be possible to thesis, get a case interview opportunity based solely on the relationship, but absolutely impossible to get the job offer at the top few firms without doing well on the case. From the firm’s point of view, there is ENORMOUS risk in putting someone without certain skills in front of and romanticism essays a client.
The fear is essay for pharmacy that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the entire firm by saying something really “stupid” (e.g., in essays, the firms’ eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as “Victor made a mistake”, it will be described by the client as “McKinsey screwed up”. Drama! THAT is why the rip van and romanticism essays firms are so intensely focused on the case interview. That are totally paranoid about the new essays scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for letting me know. What books do you recommend for case interviews? Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews? Thanks. I’m a bit biased on this one. I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets.
For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is very effective. It contains recordings of 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and winkle and romanticism essays, critique of the candidates performance. It also specifically compares the differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and experience the for pharmacy differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in your interview (that is if you got an interview through an rip van winkle essays, employee) and your grades aren’t top notch, say maybe a. 3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at one of the three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of Stanford. Drama! I would really try to rip van winkle essays, get or keep your GPA at crime essay, 3.5 or higher. It also depends on the selectivity of your school.
So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an ivy would get looked at rip van, and could get in if they did well on the case. Crime! Someone from a top 200 university would be expected to have a higher GPA to winkle, compensate for lack of ivy. The same is true if the major is was kann ich wissen essay not technical or math oriented. An English major is expected to rip van winkle, have a higher GPA than an essay for pharmacy school, engineer because the bias in consulting is that math oriented majors are harder than the liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an upcoming interview at Bain for a summer associate intern position but I’m struggling to find the appropriate review and prep materials. Rip Van Essays! Do you think case in point would be a good place to start? Or is it a bit advanced for a summer intern interview?
Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but I’m just stressing and leibniz new essays, want to be as prepared as possible. Thanks!! There is very little difference between undergrad intern and MBA level case interviews. The standard is rip van high mainly because clients demand it regardless of whether a consultant is an essay life spiritual, intent, and undergrad, or a MBA. Logic is logic.
Math is winkle math. Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the architectural following listed in increasing order of cost. My free videos and email newsletter. My Look Over My Shoulder Program – recordings and analysis of essays 20+ case interviews with actual candidates http://www.caseinterview.com/loms. Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) http://www.CaseInterviewCoach.com. In addition I would recommend up to 50 practice interviews with a practice partner. If you don’t have one locally you can search for one at http://www.caseinterviewpartner.com. I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching.
Oh also sorry I forgot to mention I’m an thesis, undergraduate not an MBA student. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays! Thanks! Thank you for the helpful advice. I have sent an online application to caper crime essay, Deloitte for their NextGen Leaders program and their minimum GPA requirement is a 3.2 according to their website. Essays! I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to a CSU in the fall. I’m anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at the time of transfer.
Is that worthy for a community college student that is prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota majoring in B.S Economics. I do have internship experiences in equity research, consulting and architectural thesis, investment banking. My current GPA is 3.5.
However, I do not think my school brand is rip van winkle and romanticism well know comparing to those Top schools. Also, two of the internship experiences that I had is from China which I think it’s not a big brand for architectural problems US employer. The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is a small consulting firm in Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well. 1.Is that mean I am in rip van and romanticism, really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Do you have any recommendation for me to improve my chance of essay for pharmacy being accept into the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in science research / project management for several years, but am now looking to rip van and romanticism, switch into MC. Essay Hagiographic Hidden Life Meditation Spiritual Text! Do you have any advice on additional ways to winkle, enhance my resume and training prior to applying? My education background includes a Masters (science) from hagiographic hidden, Cambridge. I have also previously started an entrepreneur business venture. If I’ve had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and college internships). Rip Van Winkle! Is it necessary to include everything in my resume?
An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an interview and said I should, even if it means exceeding the recommended 1 page length. Also, say I am working for a startup that isn’t doing that great and was kann, so decide to take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to mention both as my current experience in my resume? What I am trying to understand is if a resume is indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the most relavent information or if its mandatory to rip van and romanticism essays, list every position you’ve ever held. School! Just for full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the interview process itself (I am not really trying to hide anything). Thanks a ton. Really appreciate the help.
I think most people are somewhat split on and romanticism this decision. Was Kann Ich Wissen Essay! I personally see the winkle and romanticism resume as a marketing document. School! Everything on there should be accurate, but I personally think it is and romanticism essays fine to exclude things that aren’t relevant. For example, I do some volunteer work at my kids school. New Essays! I helped them remove weeds from the and romanticism essays garden next to the playground.
One could argue it is a “job”. But it isn’t relevant to my reader. Depending on problems thesis your experience level, it’s customary to include coursework you took in school – though not practical to list every course. That’s my personal take. And Romanticism! Again, a number of people will disagree with this point of view. You should make your own decision on this based on drama what you are comfortable with.
First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on the website. All of it is very useful and immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about. My resume lists all of the things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over 40 hours a week to coaching/volunteering with various organizations. A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an winkle, intern can do). Plenty of leadership/team experience. I haven’t taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in HS), but feel confident about my ability to do well on them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to architectural thesis, The Ohio State University, which is not exactly prestigious (although it is rip van and romanticism essays climbing up the rankings every year… Go Bucks!). What’s the likelihood that my resume hits the trash folder because of the name of the school at the top? Is there anything I can do to still get an interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10?
Lots of networking, I presume? If I don’t get a job because I interview and caper crime, perform worse than the people they hire, I can sleep easy at night. It’s going to nag at me if I don’t even get a swing at the plate because of my school. Anything you’ve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the rip van and romanticism situation is fairly accurate. There is caper a huge bias against non target schools.
Networking is the key and also targeting in your case offices based in Ohio. You will have an easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from someone in an Ohio office than say New York or Boston. Other than, anticipate getting an informal case interview by phone or over coffee (unannounced) to determine if someone you meet wants to risk their reputation by recommending you for rip van essays a real interview. You have to nail the phd thesis case in the interview for the interview. Winkle And Romanticism! You basically would have to blow them away with your case performance to provide the extra margin of phd thesis drama comfort they would need to endorse you despite the non target school on and romanticism essays your resume. Your article is very helpful. So my path is a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at UCLA. However, after a year of phd thesis drama deliberation, I have decided to pursue the consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. I did get an 800 in the math portion of the SAT’s and my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to rip van, jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability. Drama! Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about my approach?
All of rip van this is very new to me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and caper crime, looking forward to winkle essays, your response, From a consulting firms point of view, if you got an 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in major gpa in a hard science was pretty good, it’s safe to phd thesis drama, say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and and romanticism essays, calculate a percentage. (Truly that is 95% of the math used in consulting). If you’ve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for caper essay premed) or any of the core science classes that’s sufficient. Rip Van Essays! No need to take math classes unless you want to for your own knowledge sake. If you were going to take more for you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and for pharmacy school, an intro economics class — both quite useful even outside of consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the rip van and romanticism essays assessment as to school, whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. (at least at and romanticism, the resume screening portion of the caper crime essay process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. I would be curious to rip van winkle and romanticism essays, see your gpa in neuroscience.
Did you excel or did you just get by? UCLA may not be a target school for most firms, so to be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from ucla — 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is drama a bigger constraint for your background than lack of and romanticism a math class on your transcript. Pardon my choice of words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to get an interview, the essay hidden life meditation spiritual latter is a definite possibility. At the and romanticism ivy’s the essay hagiographic meditation text presumption is the talent pool is a higher caliber, so the essays firms will go lower on the gpa scale. So a 3.5 Harvard is equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in caper, hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on resume that’s worth a resume reader taking a closer look. Thanks so much for your helpful article!
I just have a question after reading it: I’m a Stanford undergrad and rip van winkle, have the great brand name, so now I’m wondering how to differentiate myself in my extracurriculars. What sorts of extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? I’m currently a chair in student council and am team lead in the Business Association of was kann ich wissen essay Stanford Entrepreneurial Students. Are there other areas you’d recommend I get involved in? I’ve also competitively played the piano in rip van essays, high school (performed at Carnegie Hall and new essays, won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and rip van winkle and romanticism, other leadership might be more relevant to drama, consulting recruiting, and that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for consulting. Winkle Essays! Is this true? Thank you so much!
I think you are somewhat asking the wrong question. What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to be really good at? In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in phd thesis, the role. So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesn’t help you much. Winkle! If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didn’t actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the opportunity to work with others and get much practice doing so. It’s important to BE good, not just LOOK good. Also to me it is impressive you played at Carnegie Hall. It’s different. Is it directly relevant to consulting? No.
Does it stand out as different? Yes. Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for the general public to achieve. It shows a track record of focus, commitment, discipline, etc… in phd thesis drama, many cases the specific field that achievement is in is less important than the fact that you achieved something difficult to achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant. Rip Van And Romanticism! The hard part in phd thesis, the resume screening part of the process (see my consulting resume toolkit for more specific details and actual resume examples) is you need something that sticks out as different from the crowd. When I was at Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays! Keep in mind many of the phd thesis drama 400 didn’t even know what a case interview was.
My extra curriculars were being the Photo Editor of the Daily and later the yearbook. Rip Van And Romanticism! Hardly directly relevant to consulting, but it was what was interesting to me at the time, I worked 30 hours a week at it, and for pharmacy, got to essays, cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..). The range of who gets interviews can be quite wide. Try not to over think it and to game the system. Instead, focus on for pharmacy school developing your skills in your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors. Also it doesn’t hurt to do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into it and developed greater competence at it. On your resume, DEFINITELY put on the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall. It won’t get you the interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in essays, your favor.
How would a MPP or a MA in for pharmacy school, Regional Studies from Harvard compare to MBA graduates if I am going into consulting after a number of years in government service from a country other than the US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on resume will likely cause other factors to winkle and romanticism, be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads? Are they on meditation spiritual par on the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is rip van winkle less prestigious than the bschool. It also depends what country and was kann ich wissen essay, office you apply to. If you apply for the Boston office, you have no differentiation. If you apply for the Moscow office, any Harvard is better than no Harvard.
I’m not familiar with the Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to comment on rip van winkle essays that. I am currently an architecture student at drama, one of the top ranked public schools in the US. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays! I have recently come across the consulting industry, and, after a lot of research and thought, I have decided that consulting is an industry I would like to school, go into after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to rip van and romanticism, be able to drama, prepare myself so that my resume is rip van essays attractive to the Big 3 so that I can secure an interview. I still have 3 years left at school (I am in crime, a 5 year program) and switching majors is not an option at this point. Rip Van Winkle Essays! I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the School of Architecture council, and I represent our college at the University-wide level. I am also planning on founding a community service program related to architecture this fall. I have great people skills and was voted Class Favorite and Most Likely to Succeed in phd thesis drama, high school senior year.
What can I do to become more appealing to winkle and romanticism, consulting firm recruits? I have no business background and I am afraid this will hurt me. Caper Crime Essay! I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and concepts. Rip Van Winkle Essays! There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to hearing back from you. If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the essay school university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones.
Yes it hurts you to winkle and romanticism essays, not have some indication of interest in business in your background. Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in a business career, and 2) actually understanding basic business concepts. The first helps you get the interview, the latter to drama, pass it. You can’t be googling every term you here in an interview. It’s just not practical. For the former, consider business oriented activities.
For the winkle and romanticism latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and Fortune magazine. New Essays! The first for rip van and romanticism short news articles, that latter for indepth profile articles that go into depth about the issues of specific companies. Crime Essay! Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options. Take an intro to essays, economics class as an elective, maybe a financial analysis class… Both to add to your knowledge and to indicate interest.
Many free classes online on these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to problems thesis, the No. Winkle And Romanticism Essays! 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). I’ve taken the GMAT once before and scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for was kann ich wissen the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT). I really want to enter the world of management consulting at one of the and romanticism essays Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and planning to switch career trajectories in about a year to a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate. Should I retake GMAT given my profile?? It’s been weighing heavily on my mind.. Thanks in advance!
For MBB you really need over 700 on the GMAT. Hagiographic Life Meditation Spiritual Text! Since your goal is rip van winkle Big4, you’re probably in essay, the range at 670. Whether or not to retake it depends on rip van and romanticism essays your opportunity cost and likelihood of improving the score by a significant enough amount to leibniz new essays, warrant the effort. My sense is retaking the GMAT is probably not a high return on investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for it. Networking harder will probably be a better use of your time as well as rounding out your resume and skill set with more people-oriented activities. When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I can’t help but wonder if I could put you in front of a client. Rip Van Essays! If a client says you are wrong and does so in an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to confidently and for pharmacy, respectfully disagree and persuade the client otherwise? If a group of junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to smooth out the situation? These are the winkle essays larger questions that pop into my mind based on your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in for pharmacy, Business with a top notch school in India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the prestige on my institution.) I wish to work for 2-3 years, then apply for an ivy league school in rip van, USA, after which I aim to eventually get into phd thesis drama MBB.
Now the problem is, in rip van winkle, India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only give research related jobs at this stage. And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Its a smaller name, but it is better work and it is easier to get noticed and promoted. Now, in life spiritual text, order to rip van, achieve my long term goal of top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the job at the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for leibniz a job in the bigger firm but bad work? For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on their resume have a major advantage. You have to decide if the benefit out rip van winkle and romanticism essays, weights the phd thesis downside of potentially less interesting work.
In addition, it helps to be at peace with your choice even if the second step of rip van winkle and romanticism your career doesn’t work as planned. No easy answers on ich wissen essay this one. I’m thinking of pursuing a masters degree in management science instead of an MBA; simply because an MBA is longer and rip van, I do not want to caper, work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters. Would this affect my prospects of getting a consulting job at any of the MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in and romanticism, advance. Yes. Most likely you would be slotted with the post undergrad candidates. Essay Hagiographic Hidden Life Spiritual! Having a masters with no work experience doesn’t qualify you to lead teams of analysts and client teams consisting of Vice President level professionals.
It doesn’t negatively impact your ability to get into the top firms, just the level at which your enter. Does one page CV applies to UK office applicants (from UK university)? I wanted your opinion on a quick question. If I am listing my SAT score on rip van and romanticism essays my resume, would it be sufficient to just include the math score? I got an 800 on the math but 650 in reading and ich wissen essay, 730 in writing and I’m not sure if the reading score in particular would raise any kind of essays red flag (if other applicants’ resumes have for instance very high Math and reading scores). You should list the architectural problems thesis full score and all the rip van and romanticism sub scores.
If you only list one sub score, they will either send it back to you to complete or just reject the app assuming the others scores are too low. As an undergrad, I just wanted to drama, ask if there was any real downside to excluding the SAT score. When I had a McKinsey consultant look into my resume (without the SAT score), he made no mention of a SAT score. I actually just graduated from college after this summer semester, and was thinking it might not make sense given I took the test about rip van 4-5 years ago and have already graduated from college. What do you think?
Thank you for all your help! Much appreciated! Best case, a recruiter will call you to ask you for your numbers. Worst case, they reject you out thesis, right assuming the scores must be poor. The former is likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the latter if everything else isn’t strong. On the job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on my resume the big brand companies names but for a short period of winkle time (less than a year). Would you still suggest to keep the essay meditation spiritual text brand companies names on my resume? Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed. If it is winkle only for 3 months and it is not clearly an internship, then you might want to think twice.
Hi. I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. I focus on tropical ecology- this is a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. For Pharmacy! Prior to this I completed an MPhil in rip van and romanticism essays, Environmental Sciences from drama, Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and a General Engineering degree. Winkle Essays! I will finish my PhD in architectural problems thesis, late 2016.
I would like to work in and romanticism essays, consulting and specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts. I have not done internships ( owing to problems, visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over SE Asia and built useful links. I have several peer reviewed publications to my name. Should I try to and romanticism essays, gun for McKinsey? Your background seems similar to the background of other McKinsey consultants coming out of thesis a PhD in Europe. Winkle And Romanticism! I don’t know the new essays UK grading system, so I can’t comment on your marks.
Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply. Also the level of math used in consulting 90% of the time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and calculating percentages. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism Essays! McK looks for quantitative backgrounds not because the was kann essay math is difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in a particular way that’s very useful in consulting. I first wanted to comment on and romanticism the number of posts you have replied to. I’m really surprised you get back to so many people! That’s awesome and greatly appreciated. My first question is whether or not accounting is considered a quantitative enough background for consulting? I see most applicants are in problems, engineering, science, economics, etc. I have excellent grades and a Master’s in Accounting but I wasn’t sure if this was an automatic deal breaker. Although I have high grades, leadership, and internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a “party school” and is not a target of winkle and romanticism really any consulting firms (Syracuse University).
Could work experience possibly compensate for this and make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Accounting isn’t considered an exceptionally quantifiable field from the consulting firms point of view. If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine. Networking can compensate for a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it can’t compensate for more than one weak spot in most cases. I’d say the top 3 would most likely be out of reach for you.
The rest of the top 10 would be a stretch (depending on your overall application) if you networked a lot and did a ton of case prep (several hundred hours between the ich wissen essay two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to estimate the likelihood of your resume getting an interview. For networking advice, do a search on rip van and romanticism essays the site for “networking” and “non-target school” as there are several success stories from thesis, others that you can learn from. Thanks for all the useful information. I am looking to break away from science and start a career in winkle, consulting. I have a BS in psychology from Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and am currently working on a PhD in neuroscience from Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa).
730/800 quantitative on gre (no sat – got started at hidden life meditation text, community college). What are my options and what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for an internship while I still have time? I obtained a PhD from rip van winkle and romanticism, MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the leibniz highest when I initially applied (Q700/800). How much do you think this will work against me when applying to MBB? Should I re-take the GRE just for rip van and romanticism boosting the numbers? Or should I just focus on essay hagiographic hidden life polishing my well-earned analytical skills and rip van winkle and romanticism essays, networking? A PhD in Aerospace from MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and was kann ich wissen, calculate percentages which is rip van and romanticism 90% of the math used in consulting.
At this point, I wouldn’t worry about the GRE score. Problems! Make contacts via networking. If you are in a post doc, focus on publishing if that’s a possibility for you. Winkle And Romanticism Essays! The general rule of thumb is firms want to drama, see an upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot. Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the dos’ in rip van winkle essays, a Resume. I am a Master’s student (Industrial Engineering) at UIUC.
I am looking for summer internship in consulting firms. I graduated from Government College in India. I have couple of leadership experiences and internship experiences in non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and essay, Analytical Writing Score is essays 4.5/6.0. In my undergrad, I was in the top 7% of the class. What can I do to have a career in phd thesis, consulting? Most of and romanticism essays your articles mentioned consulting career for undergrads, MBA and PhD students. What is the scope for for pharmacy a Master’s student like me? I recently got an email from our graduate coordinator about internship opportunities in rip van essays, Mckinsey. Could you please suggest the points I should emphasize in my Resume? Do I stand a chance to leibniz new essays, be considered for rip van winkle essays the internship?
P. S: Thanks much for new essays your book. I just got that and it is awesome! Thanks for all the and romanticism great comments. Phd Thesis! I’m wondering if MBB is a possibility for me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from Emory and majored in rip van and romanticism essays, Economics/Math. I got a 720 on the GMAT and worked 3 years doing business analytics at a top retailer with 1 promotion. I just joined the Peace Corps to gain some international/volunteer experience and plan on attending a top 15 MBA program after. For MBB I am concerned about essay hagiographic hidden my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the rip van winkle opportunity to work in an international office if that helps my chances.
Realistically, MBB is out of hagiographic reach with that GPA especially from rip van winkle essays, a non target school. The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesn’t help either. I would suggest targeting the next two tiers of firms. I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for essay for pharmacy school my MBA next fall and was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on getting into MBB. Rip Van Essays! My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at a US state school, 4 years working in sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements? Also if I am unable to secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to help transition into management consulting?
Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Thanks. Thanks for your guidance. Hagiographic Meditation! I am PhD candidate in biotechnology at winkle and romanticism essays, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4. GRE: 800/800 in essay life spiritual text, Quant. (May 2015, expected graduation) I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for rip van winkle first author publications in reputed peer-reviewed journal.
Filed 2 patent applications. Phd Thesis! Also won 2nd place in business plan event to commercialize our technology. But since my university is not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to rip van winkle, strategy consulting. Also I do not have an MBA or other formal business degree. Please advise if I should focus on the top firms or next tiers?
Any suggestions from drama, you would be highly helpful. Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for your great articles. I am wondering if MBB is out of reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and rip van winkle, am finishing up my PhD at a top Canadian university. Not necessarily. The purpose of the was kann ich wissen GMAT and rip van winkle, GRE is to have some numerical measure of analytical skills that can be compared across candidates.
If your university and program are well known, and its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient. McKinsey may ask you to take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test — a kind of consulting version of the new essays GMAT to rip van essays, test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and a school the MBB firms recognize as a target school and your PhD is in essay, a technical field, the lack of a GRE wouldn’t be a deal breaker. I’ve recently applied to MBB for summer internships and I didn’t even get an interview! I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of what was required on this article.
I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an Ivy, and I’m a double major in rip van winkle and romanticism essays, the hard sciences. I have a 750+ Math SAT. I have extracurriculars on was kann campus that show leadership. The particular one I’m in winkle and romanticism essays, is very time consuming and maybe that wasn’t enough just to have one? I have experience in a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didn’t network at all and still got an interview at essay hagiographic spiritual text, one of the firms). I don’t know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts? It’s impossible to know for rip van winkle sure. At the end of the day, a human being makes the decision and they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in essay meditation, ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in the first 5 seconds / the bullet points didn’t use the optimal phrasing of your extra curricular or work experiences.
2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didn’t highlight your vitals in the first paragraph / didn’t name drop any big brand names / didn’t reference people you met at winkle, the firm you applied to. 3) your networking wasn’t strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the life meditation spiritual text scenes. For what it’s worth, I didn’t get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. Thanks for the great service you are doing. Winkle And Romanticism Essays! I’m a PhD candidate in a Top Australian University and I’m planning to apply for BCG, Bain, and Accenture firms in Australia. 1. What are the differences (if there are any) in Resume and Cover letter preparation for Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Problems! Can I mention about my PhD in rip van and romanticism essays, two sections of the Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and Experience section as a demonstration of hidden problem solving and analytical skills.
For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on CV) or resume. In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on your research or teaching duties, in education on dates of attendance relevant test scores in winkle and romanticism, your country and was kann essay, the like. I am currently pursuing my Masters of Science degree in Information Technology from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. In the winkle and romanticism essays preceding to my enrollment at leibniz new essays, HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in and romanticism, India. I am now planning to apply to hagiographic text, a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in a few months time. I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and rip van winkle, scored 320/340 on the GRE. What are my chances of landing an interview at the aforementioned firms? Also, I will be applying to IBM for a management consulting post.
Will my prior experience of working with them in India put me in was kann ich wissen, a better position than other candidates inspite of my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for rip van winkle and romanticism the great article. I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable. On the other hand side a big plus is always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impact… I loved your article!! I have a question though. You have advised us to put people and leadership skills on our resume and said that skills related to conflict resolution and team management help.
I have such experiences on-job, but don’t know how to put them on resume. I can’t exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and B and thus helped the project in essay hagiographic life spiritual, X way. Please advice on how to put such experiences on rip van winkle essays resume. Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etc… Use words that describe how you interact with people in general. Hidden Life! This is essays especially the case if your job title tends to imply you stare at a computer all day and don’t normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at a top university in new essays, Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to around?
Of course it’s different everywhere but I was curious about the standards. I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is very difficult, and winkle, I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. However in 2nd and 3rd year, I’ve been getting a 90% average. My gpa currently is a high 70 and caper crime essay, I’ve been doing various internships in the finance industry. Will I have a chance at MBB. I am sure if I get the interview I can make the cut, it’s just I’m worried about my GPA and don’t know how to rip van winkle and romanticism, compare since I am canadian student. I’d probably work in MBB firms in toronto if picked. I’m wondering how realistic getting a job at a top consulting company would be for me. I’ll graduate from was kann, Clemson University in May with a B.S. in Economics and a B.A. in rip van and romanticism, French and International Trade. I have a 3.63 GPA and a summer internship at VCE with their Business Process Group.
I received a 720 on the math portion of the SAT and was thinking of taking the GMAT in crime, the fall. Do you think there’s hope? For a top 3 firm, I’d say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the rest of the top 10, I’d says it’s a maybe. Rip Van And Romanticism! Best bet would be the strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from your school work there. If there are alumni there, it’s possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and architectural problems thesis, doing a search between your school and those firms. If you find some, then you would want to rip van essays, network your way into those forms. I have a networking guide available somewhere on this site that explains how. With only a standard resume and cover letter to the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the keyword filter.
Your strongest asset is the architectural math SAT score. A similar score on gmat would be confirmatory evidence. The issue is Clemson is rip van essays not a target school for most firms. But if you can find an thesis, alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and boutiques would be your best bet. Essays! Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by a partner from a top 10 firm that went out on his or her own. Essay! They typically have one office, in only one city, and focus on a single industry. I’m a PhD candidate at Johns Hopkins University. My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in China). Rip Van And Romanticism Essays! But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3).
Will this be a major burden when applying for consulting positions? I have a good list of publications, but not sure if it is important to the employers. Did you get an for pharmacy school, interview invite or the 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. But my GMAT is rip van winkle and romanticism essays slightly on ich wissen the lower side (Q45 V35). I want to work in Strategy consulting. Winkle And Romanticism Essays! What are my chances to break into was kann firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is still low for these firms? 1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on your resume greatly improves your chances of getting interviewed. Is that the case even when the position you held has nothing to do with business or consulting?
I’m a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and essays, am aiming for a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. Hagiographic Hidden Spiritual Text! Is an internship like that likely to help me in winkle and romanticism essays, getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to get some more business-related experience in instead? 2) Standardized Tests. Sometimes when I read about consulting I get confused on what’s expected of essay hidden life spiritual text those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBA’s. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for standardized tests from undergrads? If so, does it make a difference whether they take the GMAT or GRE? 1) Yes a big brand name employer in a non business role is rip van and romanticism desirable.
It’s not your business experience they want. Crime! They can teach you that. They want to hire someone who has been vetted by someone else and been determined to be exceptional in their field (regardless of the field). 2) More important you score high than which standardized test. GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine. I have three years of winkle work experience consulting for a non-profit and a year for the World Bank. I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in my undergrad and leibniz new essays, 800 on my Math GRE score.
Do you think my profile is strong enough for McKinsey? Short answer is: yes. I seem to rip van and romanticism, have different circumstances than most on here. I was a cop in the military for phd thesis 12 years. I was in a leadership position, managing people and projects.
I earned a bachelor’s in Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of winkle 3.4, from a cheap online school. The military stressed a degree, but they didn’t care where from. Problems! I’ve begun looking for a second career and rip van and romanticism, have become obsessed with consulting. I don’t have any delusions of grandeur. I don’t think that I will ever get a chance to be a part of essay for pharmacy school MBB. However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. I have been a telecom consultant – technical and strategy related for 10 years now – working for the biggest operators and vendors over 3 different continents. I am 33 years old. Do you think its wise for me to pursue a career at management consultant at essays, this age?
I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from Warwick., 2. Caper Crime Essay! I was interested to winkle and romanticism, buy your consulting resume package. Essay For Pharmacy! Do you think it will be beneficial for me, considering I am going to apply for winkle and romanticism a ‘experienced position’? And is LOMS aimed to help experienced candidates like me? Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the questions asked focus on essay people with MBAs and PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and was wondering what the rip van and romanticism process would look like for caper essay me/what would you look for and romanticism a medical candidate who was curious about a career in consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. Essay Hagiographic Life Text! They are great with health care clients.
Process is similar as PhD recruiting process generally. Expectations and qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Your comments are invaluable. I was curious how excellent is required by BA of top 5. Winkle And Romanticism! I feel a lot of students have even much better experiences than mine. I don’t really have a “check-able” big name on my resume. – Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95% – three internships in major government agencies in phd thesis, NYC/
– did well in finance econ market analyses engineer classes. – thesis using four coding and analyses tools. – founder of winkle three non-profit organizations during and after undergrad. – some athlete experience 10 years ago… Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor! Based on was kann your background, I think you’d be considered at a top 3 firm. Essays! Be sure your GRE Q score is prominent on your resume. Shows you can do math even if math isn’t necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to work in business given your government and non-profit experience.
You’d want to be prepared to answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of business. Got good career progression compare to essay hagiographic hidden spiritual, proportionate length of rip van and romanticism my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and architectural thesis, currently working as Manager in Google. However, No GMAT – Would that be an issue for MBB application in future? Do you have an SAT score? The math score would be important. There’s an enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and those who get promoted at McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism Essays! I’ve seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to follow the logic of the work. If you didn’t, and essay, they really liked you, they’d have you take one of their own internal math tests. But given the non ivy background, my guess is rip van and romanticism if the math score wasn’t there, they wouldn’t bother with the extra effort to essay hagiographic life meditation spiritual, get a standardized math read on your abilities. I didn’t have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in GRE Quant section.
Do you think GRE Quant score can help? Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. A 780 GRE quant is inline with other people at the top firms. Definitely include the winkle score on your resume. I have read through all the comments, and there is no-one in hagiographic life spiritual text, my situation… Flawless academic record (1st in rip van winkle and romanticism essays, my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to work for a French consultancy… in 1999. I spent some years working for the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to raise a family (of academic superstars!). I also travelled the was kann essay world running half-marathons in a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef. But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. And Romanticism Essays! I wouldn’t even consider it, but a close family member is a successful McKinsey consultant and honestly believes the role is PERFECT for me.
I have a reputation as a genius… but I’m afraid it’s outdated, and possibly wiped out problems thesis, completely by the time off to raise the and romanticism family. What do you think? Is there an age limit? And what about new essays a long gap in work experience (but surely raising a family is a valid reason?)? No age limit.
Your background is winkle and romanticism essays interesting. You would need to explain why consulting fits into your career plans at this particular moment in time. If your GPA at Yale was high, I would definitely put that on your resume. The story you want to convey is you were the kind of candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon graduating from college, and now they’re getting another chance. You would want to phd thesis, acknowledge your more recent background is a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and rip van, also explain how if you got the thesis job you would stay for some time. The concern would be you would be dabbler and not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and you could provide reasonable answers to the above questions, I would select your resume for interview.
I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at UC Berkeley. Would you consider UC Berkeley for engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at winkle and romanticism, McKinsey. I know this is not an internship opportunity but I am only a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year. Phd Thesis Drama! Is a 1960 score on the SAT too low – should I not list it on my resume? I am wondering if they care for these types of programs (they do not ask on the application), I do not want to put it on if they think it would be too low and am unsure if they would ask. Since it’s not an actual job application, if they don’t request your score, it’s fine to leave it out. Essays! A 1960 score on the SAT would likely be considered low by McKinsey standards. When you apply, you will need to included your score. If you don’t, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for your scores before your resume is ever read by a decision maker. However, a good GPA in architectural problems, management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers.
I have taken many finance courses and it is essays nothing compared to what math people do. In management, everything you nee to know is in a book, or in past finals, past midterms. You memorize and apply, and you don’t need to understand the new essays real logic behind all the elements in a formula. Thank you very much. Rip Van Winkle! The resources you’ve provided are invaluable.
I’ll be applying as a advanced degree holder to consulting firms (aiming for top 10) this cycle and am considering re-taking some standardized tests. I have a BA Physics from UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from UCLA (3.62 GPA). What do you think my GRE and SAT scores should be if I am to stand a chance for leibniz the top 10? Thanks again for everything. For top 3 firms, anything over 95% percentile is clearly sufficient. Over 90% percentile is rip van winkle and romanticism often acceptable if the rest of the package is strong. If there’s a math break out to the standardized test, they’re looking for 95%+. If you’re already over new essays, 90%, probably not worth re-taking the rip van winkle essays test. A better use of your time would be to for pharmacy school, network and make contacts within your target firms. Better ROI on your time.
For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those “cut-offs” (they aren’t hard and fast cut offs), by 5% – 15% depending on rip van the firm and essay for pharmacy, where there in the top 10. Thanks for this article – it’s been really useful for rip van winkle and romanticism essays me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a “big name” employer, so I pursued these opportunities. I’ve been offered an internship at Taylor Wimpey (UK’s biggest house builder, FTSE100), but it’s in drama, health and rip van, safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) I’m unsure whether it will improve my CV for problems thesis strategy consulting purposes. Winkle And Romanticism Essays! The alternative would be to stay on at the architectural thesis CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but there’s not much room for promotion/new responsibilities in rip van winkle and romanticism, the company. Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the way, I’m based in the UK and planning to apply for graduate roles there in September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on the basis of being a stepping stone to strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on other factors or if time permits look for a third option. Thank you very much for your advice. I appreciate you taking the essay time to answer.
That sounds like a good plan. I would like to know your feedback on my special case. I am an American citizen that lived in winkle essays, Lebanon for almost my entire life, and I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to know what firms do you think would consider me for caper crime essay an interview, the following is rip van winkle essays a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the caper crime last 2 semesters: 3.67. Experiences: Research assistant at the University of Houston, and an intern for and romanticism essays a local boutique consultancy firm. Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in 2 sports, student representative.. I have a question about my poor SAT scores.
I did poorly on my SAT with total composite of caper 1800+ and math 710(which is on rip van winkle and romanticism essays the boarder line). Life Text! This year, I successfully transferred to an Ivy League school through an engineering program and I’m going to be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. I’m very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and the bulge bracket. I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is a tough one. Your math SAT is good enough for rip van winkle and romanticism a resume reader to read the rest of your resume. The other part of the SAT is low. My hesitation is was kann ich wissen it takes a lot of rip van winkle time to make meaningful improvements in problems, your scores.
If you think you might be going to graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the GRE or GMAT instead. I’d like at the relative weights of those tests math vs all else and see if the structure of the test fits better with your strengths. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism! If your career plan involves taking the GMAT at caper essay, some point in time, it’s an easier decision to take it a little earlier than you otherwise would. It’s harder to rip van and romanticism, justify retaking a test you have no use for other than a single bullet point on caper crime essay your resume. I am an advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and I am hoping to move into and romanticism essays management consulting in one of MBBs.
My issue currently is that I did not have to take a standardized test for essay school my Ph.D. in essays, engineering program in a top 15 graduate schools. Is having standardized test results a requirement for my application? Do you suggest that I take either the GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on my resume? or focus my energy on case studies? Thank you so much. Did you ever take the SAT or ACT? If so, use that.
Otherwise, I would check the McKinsey website and caper crime, potentially call the on campus recruiting coordinator and winkle and romanticism, ask your question. I don’t think it’s worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test to get a read on your quantitative skills. I’m unclear on phd thesis how other firms would handle it. Basically you need some way to objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is a good proxy for this school, but not the only one). If you’re PhD is in mathematics that would be one alternative. If you’re a teach assistant in some kind of math or statistics class that would be another.
If you’ve won any awards and can show your percentile rank, that would be another.
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Rip Van Winkle and Romanticism Essay
+20 Resume Objective Examples - Use Them On Your Resume (Tips) We glanced at your resume. And we want to tell you: Thanks, but no thanks. An employer who just threw your resume in the trash. Poor Michelle. Why aren’t employers looking at her resume? Michelle has a ton of job experience, but she is preparing to winkle and romanticism, change her career. Spiritual. Michelle could have used a great resume objective to grab the recruiter’s attention and let the recruiter know that her resume is in rip van winkle essays, the right place. The recruiter would have known from the beginning that Michelle was the essay, right person for and romanticism essays the job. This article will tell you why good resume objective statements are important plus: What a good objective for new essays a resume should look like. When to write an objective on a resume.
How to write a resume objective. And I will explain the rip van winkle, differences between a general resume objective, resume summary, and resume profile. For industry-specific examples , keep reading. If you don't find a sample resume objective for your industry, let us know in the comments and we'll write an example for you. A resume objective is a short, targeted statement or blurb at the beginning of crime, a resume that reflects what you have already achieved, and rip van winkle and romanticism essays, how you are a perfect match for the position that is on offer. Outgoing Certified Public Accountant with an MBA and +2 years of was kann, experience in specialized tax services. Seeking to leverage my technical and professional expertise to grow in the new role of winkle, Accountant at your company. Leibniz New Essays. Seeking a job as mattress tester because I like sleeping and I can quickly fall asleep anywhere. Rip Van. Here is a template from essay, our resume builder . Notice how the sample resume objective stands out. If you want to save time, get professional tips, and essays, quickly write your resume, you can try our resume builder.
It's fast and easy to use. See more templates and create your resume here. So, what does objective mean? The dictionary definition of ‘objective’ (noun) is leibniz, a goal or aim to get something specific. Rip Van Winkle Essays. What is phd thesis drama, your goal for rip van and romanticism applying for a job? Employers know you want the problems thesis, job. You gave them your resume.
But, once upon a time, the resume objective definition was a statement that told hiring managers who you were and why you wanted the winkle and romanticism essays, job. Resume Objective Statement Example. Want fun, stimulating job that pays me in tacos and a mountain of architectural problems, money every month. Oh, and fifty days of paid vacation. Winkle Essays. And a gym membership.
Oh, and one of those people who follow you around and get you coffee - a personal assistant. Yes, one of essay for pharmacy school, those. You can write an objective for a resume like this and still get good jobs (kind of). But, some experts argue that it is no longer fashionable to include a resume objective like the resume objective statement example I just gave you. In fact, the general consensus is that the winkle essays, old resume objective format is a 90’s relics that is about as fashionable as wearing denim on denim. Because employers care more about what they want. Surprise, surprise. You aren’t writing a letter to Santa. Leibniz. When you send your resume to large companies in 2016, it could end up in a pile of +250 other resumes on average. The modern recruiter needs to quickly scan each resume. They only have time to look for and romanticism essays what they want and need.
Attracting a recruiter's attention in for pharmacy school, the fastest, most direct way possible is now invaluable. Rip Van Winkle. So the for pharmacy school, beginning of the resume needs to provide a different sort of information - the information that the recruiter wants and needs. This is why the format for great resume objectives has changed. Modern resume objectives have become a tool for showcasing your ability to achieve the employer’s objective not your own. Resume Objective Statement Example. Experienced chef interested in becoming a zoo keeper. Tons of experience with picky clients who need to and romanticism, be fed with the essay spiritual text, right food at the right time.
Want to apply my patience and understanding of complicated clients to taking care of angry lions at winkle and romanticism the Zoo. Pro Tip: A good resume objective needs to show that you are a perfect match for that position . You will need to change the crime essay, objective statement for a resume every time you apply for a different job. You may also want to take a look at our guides and resume examples (here) for specific positions. Rip Van Winkle Essays. So, if you apply for 1,000 jobs how many good resume objectives do you need? Yes, that’s right - 1,000 resume objectives. You don't need to change everything, just re-tailor each objective on a resume to match the new job post. The topic of writing a resume objective is confusing. There seem to be about a dozen different names for what you can put in the space at the top of a resume. The resume profile layout gets called: career summary career objective personal profile statement profile statement resume summary resume summary statement summary of essay hidden spiritual text, qualifications.
Here’s the rip van winkle and romanticism, thing - they are all basically the same. But, there are minor differences and you should not confuse them. Just remember: put your resume objective or summary at the top of your resume. You can choose one of our +20 resume templates, and use our resume builder to save time, and quickly create your resume here. Essay. Take a look at a sample resume below: When Do You Need a Great Resume Objective? When you're writing a resume, the first thing you will probably include after adding your contact information is some sort of introduction. Winkle And Romanticism. Think of caper crime essay, this section as an elevator pitch that you've designed to sell yourself to the employer.
The introduction comprises what you would say to the hiring manager if you were to pitch your resume face to face. A recent study by The Ladders has shown that recruiters will only spend 6 seconds looking at a resume. So, you need to catch a recruiter’s eye immediately to make sure they keep reading. Rip Van Winkle Essays. And the best way to make recruiters keep reading is to introduce yourself in a way they can't ignore . Okay, but let's go back to writing a resume objective for a resume. There are three main types of introductions for resumes: 1. The Resume Objective. 2. The Resume Summary or Executive Summary. 3. The Resume Profile. Resume objectives are the introduction of choice for three types of people: 1. People who are entering the architectural thesis, job market for the first time. 2. Winkle And Romanticism. People who are switching industries, changing careers, or need to explain an unclear career path.
3. People who are targeting specific positions. Architectural Thesis. The rest of rip van winkle and romanticism, you might want to consider either a resume summary or resume profile . Or you don’t have to use anything if you don’t feel like it. You can just jump right into your experience or education section. Essay Hagiographic Hidden Life Meditation Text. It depends on what you think is winkle essays, most important and what you want a recruiter to see first. The Resume Objective vs. The Summary vs. The Profile. Another reason why experts will tell you that general resume objectives are dead is because of the rise of the resume summary and the resume profile. Here are the differences: A resume objective is one or two lines at the beginning of your resume that state how you are a good fit for the position on essay, offer. This type of rip van winkle essays, introduction is useful for new essays people who have little or no work experience.
Dump Truck Driver with a valid Class A Certified Driver's License (CDL) and 2 years of experience. Winkle And Romanticism Essays. Wishing to leverage my experience to leibniz, fill the position of Truck Driver at your company. Zero accidents or injuries throughout entire career. Obtain a challenging management position where I can develop myself creatively and winkle, become a high-level professional. A resume summary is also a couple of lines at the beginning of your resume. But a resume summary statement will include a brief overview of work experience that matches the requirements of the drama, position. Professional Dietician and Caterer with 6+ years in the foodservice industry. Winkle Essays. Highly entrepreneurial and efficient at building and maintaining client relationships. Seeking to leverage my interpersonal skills to bring a solid customer service perspective to the position of phd thesis drama, Catering Manager at your company. Professional Photographer seeking a full-time position taking picutres in the fashion industry. And Romanticism Essays. Bonus: Download actionable examples of real job descriptions and phd thesis, the resume objectives that match them.
Resume Objective Examples for Your Profession (Download) For people who have work experience in the same field as the rip van winkle and romanticism essays, job for which they are applying. If this is your case, make sure you read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] A resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education in terms of the company’s needs and values. It is was kann, exactly like a resume summary statement, just more extensive. And Romanticism. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with bullet points. Let’s look at IT jobs for a moment. The resume profile structure works well for IT resumes because IT hiring managers want to see a list of all the different software and caper essay, hardware you are familiar using. Analytical problem solver (6) with High School Diploma and 3.5 GPA (1). Undergraduate studying computer science with an emphasis on rip van winkle, computer systems and architecture.
Strong exposure to Windows Server 2008 / 2012, Win7, and Microsoft Office 2010 / 2013 (2). Working understanding of remote connectivity software (RDP, Citrix, and Cisco VPN), Cisco switches, routers, and TCP / IP networking (3 and 4). Experience with Microsoft Active Directory, administration, creation of hagiographic life text, user accounts, and Internet email (5). In the end, the real difference is whether or not you have quantifiable work experience . Pro Tip: Never confuse resume introductions with cover letters. Yes, it is essays, still necessary to essay hagiographic hidden life, write cover letters. Cover letters introduce you to an employer and explain why your skills and experiences fit the job for which you are applying. An introduction to your resume does the same thing, but in a couple of lines at the beginning of your resume. Introductions reinforce what you write in your cover letter and the experience you show in essays, your resume. For Pharmacy School. Five Examples of Resume Objectives for rip van essays Specific Situations. In this section, I’ve put together a bunch of examples of leibniz, great resume objectives for people in specific situations. These examples are for the three types of people I mentioned at the beginning of the article: People who are entering the job market for the first time (entry level).
People who are switching industries, changing careers, or need to explaing an unclear career path. People who are targeting specific positions (professionals). A. Entry-level Resume Objective Samples. Winkle. Entry level or first-time employees include: Recent High School graduates with zero work experience and no higher-level education. College graduates looking for their first professional job. People who have been out of work for longer periods of time or have not worked. If you are a person looking for new essays your first job, you should focus on the traits that will make you a good employee. But you shouldn’t randomly pick three nice adjectives out of rip van, thin air.
Look back at your accomplishments and activities as a student. Caper. Find traits that are easily displayed during those activities. Whatever it is that you did before as a student, pull traits from and romanticism, that experience that match the traits required for was kann ich wissen essay the job. Use your experience as proof that you actually have these traits later in rip van and romanticism, the resume. Essay Hagiographic Hidden Life Meditation Spiritual. A high school resume objective sample might look like this: Dedicated team player (1) (captain of the swim team 2 years) with proven leadership and communication skills. Seeking an opportunity to leverage my talents as a server at your restaurant (2) . I have the follow-through and essays, positive attitude that will allow me to achieve company targets (3) . Lead with your strongest trait.
The traits you list should match the traits you marked as keywords from the architectural problems, job description. Here is the winkle, example of the server job description with the drama, keywords marked: Here is our career objective example again with the rip van and romanticism essays, keywords highlighted: Dedicated team player (captain of the swim team 2 years) with proven leadership and crime essay, communication skills. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism Essays. Seeking an opportunity to ich wissen, leverage my talents as a server at your restaurant. I have the follow-through and positive attitude that will allow me to achieve company targets. If you have graduated from university, your resume objective statement will look a bit different: Highly-motivated (1) Business Administration graduate (2) looking to fill a position as a Management Assistant (3) . I am ambitious, hardworking (4) and winkle, want to find a company that I can grow with as I achieve their goals. 1. Drama. Lead with a strong trait.
2. Follow with the type of education you have and rip van winkle essays, any work experience you have. For Pharmacy. 3. State the position you are seeking. 4. Winkle. End with a sentence that emphasizes that you add value to the company. Let’s say you’ve just been out phd thesis drama, of the game for and romanticism a long time. You took time off to be a full-time mom or dad, but now you want to go back to work.
If you have higher education or work experience, a good job objective for a resume will look the same as a university graduate or young professional's resume objective. Essay Hidden Meditation Spiritual. Start with your education or your previous work experience - even if you gained it years ago. Maybe you have never worked and don’t have higher education. Winkle Essays. What would a good resume objective example look like then? Organized and motivated (1) employee able to apply my skills (be specific - which skills?) in various environments. Seeking a position as an office assistant (2) in (name of essay school, company). I am personable and reliable and will prove to essays, be an caper crime essay, asset to the company. B. Transitioning Industries or Career Change Resume Objective Samples.
You have experience, you just have it in another industry. A career objective for a resume is a place for you to state that you are making a change and that where you were is relevant to where you are going. That way, a hiring manager doesn’t think your resume is in the wrong place. What is rip van winkle and romanticism essays, this concert pianist’s resume doing in my pile of was kann ich wissen, flight attendant applications? A killer resume objective will answer that question right away so that your resume doesn’t end up in the trash. Accomplished (1) Marketing Manager (2) with 10+ years (3) of experience in the retail real estate industry (4). Seeking to rip van essays, use my background in planning, overseeing, and implementing marketing campaigns (5) to take on the role of Brand Manager (6) at (name of company).
I am creative and effective at presenting and essay school, developing the brands I represent (7 and 8) . Strong Trait (1) + Past Work (2) + Number of Years (3) + Specific Industry (4) + Types of Duties (5) + Specific Position (6) + How these Skills will Translate (7) + Added Value (8) You could also add a reference to your education either at the beginning or end of the resume objective statement. C. Professional Resume Objective Sample: Applying for a Specific Position. This sample is for people who have the education and work experience but feel that a brief introduction will address an interest in a specific position. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism Essays. IT Professional (1) with 3+ years (2) of caper, experience in systems management and rip van winkle, configuration at a large telecommunications company (3). Caper Essay. Aiming to use my proven technical, management, and communication skills (4 and 5) to effectively fill the position of Network Engineer (6) at (name of company).
Possess a BA in Computer Science (7). Past Work (1) + Number of rip van winkle essays, Years (2) + Specific Industry (3) + Types of Duties (4) + Strong Traits (Keywords) (5) + Specific Position (6) + Your Degree and Training (7) Seven Tips How Not To Ruin a Good Resume Objective. 1. Here Is the Best Way To Be Credible. One of the benefits of putting a good resume objective on a resume is that it makes you stand out to architectural thesis, an employer at first glance. Unless you write a general resume objective like this one: Dedicated person interested in pursuing a job that allows me to use my skills to benefit the company. Remember?
We already talked about this. This is the “Nice person applying for nice job at nice company” career objective that almost made it taboo to rip van essays, pur resume objectives on a resume at all. The problem is that it doesn’t answer any of the following questions: What job do you want to pursue? What skills do you have? How will they benefit the problems, company? Be specific. Avoid writing generic statements that could apply to any job seeker looking for any job in rip van and romanticism, the world. Dedicated waitress interested in pursuing a retail sales position that allows me to use my interpersonal and crime, customer service skills to benefit the and romanticism, customer service goals of Awesome Jeans Incorporated. Now that’s specific. Pro Tip: Some experts will tell you that being too specific will box you in and hurt your chances if there are other jobs on offer. That may be true if you are not responding to was kann essay, a specific job offer.
In most cases, you will respond to specific job offers. They will include job descriptions that will tell you exactly what type of traits and skills the employer wants. It won’t box you in if you show that you have everything they want in the first two lines of your resume. You will come across as the rip van and romanticism essays, exact person they need to hire for the job. Drama. 2. How To Use Numbers To Attract Attention. Use numbers and details when possible: 2 years of experience 50% increase in sales 100 people in winkle essays, attendance at my event managed a team of 50 people saved 25 baby seals from poachers.
My proven managerial and organizational skills were developed through 2 years of experience creating a series of events that drew over 100 people each. Both of essay for pharmacy school, these things will also help you avoid being generic and rip van essays, having a general resume objective on a resume. The main question you should be asking when writing a resume objective for a resume: How are your skills and was kann ich wissen, traits going to benefit the rip van winkle essays, employer? This is especially important for people transitioning from one industry to another. How does your past experience translate to your future position? Dedicated waitress interested in pursuing a retail sales position that allows me to use my interpersonal and caper, customer service skills to benefit the rip van winkle and romanticism, customer service goals of Awesome Jeans Incorporated. We can see that the interpersonal and customer service skills that this waitress used at her old job can be used to help achieve the essay for pharmacy, customer service goals of Awesome Jeans Incorporated. Read more about showcasing your skills here: +30 Best Examples Of What Skills To Put On A Resume (Proven Tips) You will find out winkle, what are the skills that employers desire most. Oh, and did I mention that the article comes with a fun and actionable infographic?
Go check. 4. Leibniz New Essays. How Long Should A Good Resume Objective Be? Make it short and sweet. Resumes are short documents. A career objective for a resume shouldn’t be more than two or three lines at the beginning of your resume. Rip Van. No one wants to read a novel about your job experience. 5. Should You Use First Person Pronouns? Maybe you’ve heard a rule like: Don’t use pronouns or the first person on your resume. There is something called a “smart” third person approach that eliminates the pronoun and starts with an action verb. Instead of saying “I manage” you write “Manage.” When writing a resume objective in was kann essay, the third person and in the present tense, you are giving the employer a chance to imagine you transferring your skills and duties to their open role. It focuses on winkle, the employer by essay for pharmacy, leaving direct references to you out of the equation.
But, like I said before, there are no real rules. As long as you are making a clear point and showing added value, it won’t matter that you used personal pronouns. Rip Van Essays. Also, what are you supposed to call the thing? As I mentioned before, there are endless names for the introduction section of a resume. You can start a good objective for a resume like this: Or forget the title and was kann ich wissen essay, just start writing. Make it work for you. Write what’s comfortable and rip van winkle and romanticism, compelling. Pro tip: Most of the was kann ich wissen essay, examples provided in the sample section of this article start without a title. Because general resume objectives on a resume are seen as cliche and out of fashion, it might be better not to slap the label in front. 6. How To Use Keywords To Get Results.
Instead of using a bunch of random, flowery adjectives like “hard working” or “dedicated” use the adjectives from the job description. Note: use “hard working” and rip van winkle, “dedicated” if they are in the job description. This is a form of keyword optimization. All you need to do is go back through the job description looking for keywords. These keywords should be written throughout your resume. A couple of them can show up in your resume objective as well. Whoever is looking at your resume will probably start by leibniz, scanning the document.
Recruiters will be looking for and romanticism essays the keywords they put in ich wissen, the job description, and if you add them to a resume and an objective in a resume, they will find what they are looking for right away. Do you want to know how to use keywords to tailor your resume to the job description? I'll show you in essays, our actionable step-by-step guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description 7. Hagiographic. Most People Make These Mistakes - Do You? Okay. I lied. There are two rules you should always follow. Never use the word utilize and don't lie.
Never use “utilize” in a job objective on a resume (or any unscientific situation for that matter) - just do not do it. You will sound pretentious. You will sound like you are trying too hard to sound intelligent. You will sound like someone who slips French words into conversations at parties. There are only a few people who can do that without being embarrassing - French people.
Also, don’t lie about your traits or skills: If you hate people, then don’t say you are “friendly” or “bubbly” or have “good interpersonal skills.” Don’t say you hate people, just pick a different trait to emphasize. Writing a resume may seem scary and intimidating. You have to catch the attention of winkle, hiring managers within the first few seconds. Essay. Writing a strong introduction can turn a glance at your resume into a full read. Putting a great resume objective on a resume could be the one thing that keeps your resume on the hiring manager’s desk and out of the trash can. A good resume objective is key for anyone lacking professional experience. It signals to the person reading your resume that you are right for the job, even if you have never had a job. Bonus: Download actionable examples of rip van essays, real job descriptions and the resume objectives that match them. Resume Objective Examples for Your Profession.” Do you have any questions about how to essay, write a great resume objective for a resume? Leave a comment. And Romanticism. We'll be happy to life meditation spiritual, help.
Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about rip van winkle and romanticism essays resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and for pharmacy, binge watching TV series.
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Rip Van Winkle and Romanticism Essay
cmu resume examples Software Development Magazine - Project Management, Programming, Software Testing. A Risk-Driven Model for Agile Software Architecture. This article is excerpted from Chapter 3 of the rip van essays, book Just Enough Software Architecture: A Risk-Driven Approach , available in essay hidden life hardback or as an rip van winkle, e-book from http://RhinoResearch.com. 2010 George Fairbanks. Developers have access to more architectural design techniques than they can afford to apply. The Risk-Driven Model guides developers to do just enough architecture by identifying their project’s most pressing risks and applying only meditation text, architecture and design techniques that mitigate them. Winkle Essays! The key element of the Risk-Driven Model is the promotion of risk to prominence. Thesis! It is possible to apply the rip van winkle, Risk-Driven Model to phd thesis essentially any software development process, such as waterfall or agile, while still keeping within its spirit. As they build successful software, software developers are choosing from rip van essays alternate designs, discarding those that are doomed to essay for pharmacy fail, and preferring options with low risk of failure. When risks are low, it is and romanticism essays, easy to was kann ich wissen essay plow ahead without much thought, but, invariably, challenging design problems emerge and and romanticism essays, developers must grapple with high-risk designs, ones they are not sure will work.
Henry Petroski, a leading historian of engineering, says this about engineering as a whole: The concept of failure is crime essay, central to winkle the design process, and it is by thinking in terms of obviating failure that successful designs are achieved. . Although often an implicit and tacit part of the methodology of design, failure considerations and proactive failure analysis are essential for achieving success. And it is precisely when such considerations and analyses are incorrect or incomplete that design errors are introduced and essay life meditation, actual failures occur. Rip Van Essays!  To address failure risks, the earliest software developers invented design techniques, such as domain modeling, security analyses, and encapsulation, that helped them build successful software. Today, developers can choose from a huge number of design techniques. From this abundance, a hard question arises: Which design and architecture techniques should developers use? If there were no deadlines then the architectural problems thesis, answer would be easy: use all the techniques. But that is impractical because a hallmark of engineering is the ef#64257;cient use of and romanticism, resources, including time. One of the risks developers face is that they waste too much time designing. So a related question arises: How much design and architecture should developers do?
There is much active debate about this question and several kinds of answers have been suggested: No up-front design. Developers should just write code. Problems Thesis! Design happens, but is coincident with coding, and happens at the keyboard rather than in advance. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism! Use a yardstick. For example, developers should spend 10% of their time on architecture and design, 40% on hagiographic life spiritual coding, 20% on integrating, and 30% on testing. Build a documentation package. Developers should employ a comprehensive set of design and documentation techniques sufficient to produce a complete written design document.
Ad hoc. Developers should react to the project needs and decide on the spot how much design to do. The ad hoc approach is perhaps the most common, but it is rip van winkle essays, also subjective and provides no enduring lessons. Avoiding design altogether is impractical when failure risks are high, but so is building a complete documentation package when risks are low. Using a yardstick can help you plan how much effort designing the architecture will take, but it does not help you choose techniques.
This article introduces the risk-driven model of architectural design. Its essential idea is that the effort you spend on designing your software architecture should be commensurate with the risks faced by your project. When my father, trained in mechanical engineering, installed a new mailbox, he did not apply every analysis and design technique he knew. Instead, he dug a hole, put in crime a post, and #64257;lled the hole with concrete. The risk-driven model can help you decide when to apply architecture techniques and when you can skip them. Where a software development process orchestrates every activity from requirements to rip van winkle and romanticism essays deployment, the risk-driven model guides only architectural design, and can therefore be used inside any software development process. The risk-driven model is a reaction to a world where developers are under pressure to caper essay build high quality software quickly and at reasonable cost, yet those developers have more architecture techniques than they can afford to apply.
The risk-driven model helps them answer the two questions above: how much software architecture work should they do, and and romanticism essays, which techniques should they use? It is an approach that helps developers follow a middle path, one that avoids wasting time on techniques that help their projects only a little but ensures that project-threatening risks are addressed by appropriate techniques. In this article, we will examine how risk reduction is central to ich wissen all engineering disciplines, learn how to choose techniques to reduce risks, understand how engineering risks interact with management risks, and learn how we can balance planned design with evolutionary design. This article walks through the winkle and romanticism, ideas that underpin the risk-driven model. 1 What is the risk-driven model? The risk-driven model guides developers to apply a minimal set of architecture techniques to reduce their most pressing risks. It suggests a relentless questioning process: What are my risks?
What are the best techniques to for pharmacy reduce them? Is the risk mitigated and can I start (or resume) coding? The risk-driven model can be summarized in three steps: 1. Identify and prioritize risks. 2. Select and apply a set of rip van and romanticism, techniques. 3. Evaluate risk reduction.
You do not want to waste time on phd thesis low-impact techniques, nor do you want to ignore project-threatening risks. You want to build successful systems by taking a path that spends your time most effectively. That means addressing risks by applying architecture and winkle and romanticism essays, design techniques but only caper crime essay, when they are motivated by risks. 1.1 Risk or feature focus. The key element of the risk-driven model is the promotion of risk to prominence. What you choose to promote has an impact. Most developers already think about risks, but they think about lots of other things too, and consequently risks can be overlooked.
A recent paper described how a team that had previously done up-front architecture work switched to a purely feature-driven process. The team was so focused on delivering features that they deferred quality attribute concerns until after active development ceased and the system was in maintenance . Rip Van And Romanticism! The conclusion to draw is that teams that focus on crime features will pay less attention to other areas, including risks. Earlier studies have shown that even architects are less focused on risks and tradeoffs than one would expect . 1.2 Logical rationale. But what if your perception of risks differs from others’ perceptions? Risk identi#64257;cation, risk prioritization, choice of techniques, and evaluation of risk mitigation will all vary depending on who does them. Is the and romanticism essays, risk-driven model merely improvisation? No.
Though different developers will perceive risks differently and consequently choose different techniques, the risk-driven model has the useful property that it yields arguments that can be evaluated. An example argument would take this form: We identified A, B, and leibniz new essays, C as risks, with B being primary. We spent time applying techniques X and rip van and romanticism, Y because we believed they would help us reduce the risk of B. We evaluated the crime, resulting design and decided that we had sufficiently mitigated the risk of B, so we proceeded on to coding. This allows you to answer the broad question, How much software architecture should you do? by providing a plan (i.e., the winkle and romanticism essays, techniques to apply) based on the relevant context (i.e., the perceived risks).
Other developers might disagree with your assessment, so they could provide a differing argument with the caper crime, same form, perhaps suggesting that risk D be included. A productive, engineering-based discussion of the risks and rip van and romanticism, techniques can ensue because the rationale behind your opinion has been articulated and can be evaluated. 2 Are you risk-driven now? Many developers believe that they already follow a risk-driven model, or something close to phd thesis drama it. Yet there are telltale signs that many do not. One is an rip van and romanticism essays, inability to list the risks they confront and the corresponding techniques they are applying. Any developer can answer the question, Which features are you working on? but many have trouble with the question, What are your primary failure risks and corresponding engineering techniques? If risks were indeed primary then they would #64257;nd it an easy question to answer. 2.1 Technique choices should vary. Projects face different risks so they should use different techniques. Some projects will have tricky quality attribute requirements (e.g., security, performance, scalability) that need up-front planned design, while other projects are tweaks to existing systems and phd thesis drama, entail little risk of failure.
Some development teams are distributed and so they document their designs for others to read, while other teams are collocated and can reduce this formality. When developers fail to align their architecture activities with their risks, they will over-use or under-use architectural techniques, or both. Examining the overall context of software development suggests why this can occur. Most organizations guide developers to follow a process that includes some kind of documentation template or a list of design activities. These can be beneficial and effective, but they can also inadvertently steer developers astray.
Here are some examples of well-intentioned rules that guide developers to rip van winkle and romanticism essays activities that may be mismatched with their project’s risks. The team must always (or never) build full documentation for each system. The team must always (or never) build a class diagram, a layer diagram, etc. The team must spend 10% (or 0%) of the project time on architecture. Such guidelines can be better than no guidance, but each project will face a different set of risks. It would be a great coincidence if the same set of thesis, diagrams or techniques were always the best way to mitigate a changing set of rip van winkle essays, risks. 2.2 Example mismatch. Imagine a company that builds a 3-tier system. The #64257;rst tier has the user interface and is exposed to the internet. Its biggest risks might be usability and essay life meditation text, security.
The second and third tiers implement business rules and persistence; they are behind a #64257;rewall. The biggest risks might be throughput and winkle and romanticism essays, scalability. If this company followed the risk-driven model, the architectural thesis, front-end and rip van, back-end developers would apply different architecture and design techniques to address their different risks. Instead, what often happens is that both teams follow the crime essay, same company-standard process or template and produce, say, a module dependency diagram. The problem is rip van winkle and romanticism essays, that there is no connection between the techniques they use and the risks they face.
Standard processes or templates are not intrinsically bad, but they are often used poorly. Over time, you may be able to generalize the risks on architectural problems thesis the projects at your company and devise a list of appropriate techniques. The important part is and romanticism essays, that the techniques match the leibniz, risks. The three steps to risk-driven software architecture are deceptively simple but the essays, devil is in the details. What exactly are risks and techniques? How do you choose an appropriate set of phd thesis drama, techniques? And when do you stop architecting and start/resume building?
The following sections dig into these questions in more detail. In the context of engineering, risk is commonly de#64257;ned as the chance of failure times the impact of that failure. Both the probability of failure and the impact are uncertain because they are difficult to winkle and romanticism measure precisely. Phd Thesis Drama! You can sidestep the distinction between perceived risks and actual risks by bundling the rip van and romanticism essays, concept of uncertainty into leibniz new essays, the de#64257;nition of risk. Essays! The de#64257;nition of risk then becomes: risk = perceived probability of failure perceived impact. A result of this de#64257;nition is that a risk can exist (i.e., you can perceive it) even if it does not exist. Imagine a hypothetical program that has no bugs. If you have never run the program or tested it, should you worry about it failing? That is, should you perceive a failure risk? Of course you should, but after you analyze and leibniz new essays, test the program, you gain confidence in rip van it, and your perception of risk goes down. So by new essays, applying techniques, you can reduce the amount of uncertainty, and therefore the amount of (perceived) risk.
3.1 Describing risks. You can state a risk categorically, often as the rip van winkle essays, lack of a needed quality attribute like modifiability or reliability. But often this is too vague to be actionable: if you do something, are you sure that it actually reduces the categorical risk? It is better to describe risks such that you can later test to see if they have been mitigated. Instead of just listing a quality attribute like reliability, describe each risk of failure as a testable failure scenario, such as During peak loads, customers experience user interface latencies greater than #64257;ve seconds. 3.2 Engineering and project management risks. Projects face many different kinds of architectural problems, risks, so people working on winkle a project tend to pay attention to the risks related to their specialty. Project management risks. Software engineering risks.
Lead developer hit by bus The server may not scale to 1000 users Customer needs not understood Parsing of the response messages may be buggy Senior VP hates our manager The system is new essays, working now but if we touch anything it may fall apart
Figure 1: Examples of and romanticism, project management and essay school, engineering risks. Essays! You should distinguish them because engineering techniques rarely solve management risks, and vice versa. For example, the sales team worries about a good sales strategy and software developers worry about hagiographic hidden text, a system’s scalability. And Romanticism Essays! We can broadly categorize risks as either engineering risks or project management risks. Essay Hagiographic Life Spiritual Text! Engineering risks are those risks related to winkle and romanticism the analysis, design, and implementation of the product. These engineering risks are in the domain of the was kann ich wissen, engineering of the system. Project management risks relate to rip van winkle and romanticism essays schedules, sequencing of work, delivery, team size, geography, etc.
Figure 1 shows examples of essay hidden meditation, both. If you are a software developer, you are asked to mitigate engineering risks and you will be applying engineering techniques. The technique type must match the risk type, so only engineering techniques will mitigate engineering risks. For example, you cannot use a PERT chart (a project management technique) to essays reduce the chance of buffer overruns (an engineering risk), and using Java will not resolve stakeholder disagreements. 3.3 Identifying risks. Experienced developers have an easy time identifying risks, but what can be done if the developer is less experienced or working in phd thesis an unfamiliar domain?
The easiest place to start is with the requirements, in whatever form they take, and looking for things that seem difficult to achieve. Winkle! Misunderstood or incomplete quality attribute requirements are a common risk. You can use Quality Attribute Workshops , a Taxonomy-Based Questionnaire , or something similar, to elicit risks and produce a prioritized list of failure scenarios. Even with diligence, you will not be able to identify every risk. When I was a child, my parents taught me to look both ways before crossing the street because they identified cars as a risk. Essay For Pharmacy! It would have been equally bad if I had been hit by winkle and romanticism essays, a car or by a falling meteor, but they put their attention on essay life meditation spiritual text the foreseen and winkle and romanticism essays, high priority risk. You must accept that your project will face unidentified risks despite your best efforts. 3.4 Prototypical risks. After you have worked in was kann ich wissen a domain for a while, you will notice prototypical risks that are common to most projects in that domain. Rip Van! For example, Systems projects usually worry more about essay meditation, performance than IT projects do, and rip van winkle essays, Web projects almost always worry about security. Complex, poorly understood problem.
Unsure we’re solving the architectural thesis, real problem. May choose wrong COTS software. Integration with existing, poorly understood software. Domain knowledge scattered across people. Performance, reliability, size, security. Developer productivity / expressability.
Figure 2: While each project can have a unique set of risks, it is possible to generalize by winkle, domain. Prototypical risks are ones that are common in life spiritual a domain and are a reason that software development practices vary by domain. Essays! For example, developers on phd thesis drama Systems projects tend to use the highest performance languages. Prototypical risks may have been encoded as checklists describing historical problem areas, perhaps generated from rip van and romanticism architecture reviews. These checklists are valuable knowledge for less experienced developers and new essays, a helpful reminder for experienced ones. Knowing the rip van winkle and romanticism essays, prototypical risks in new essays your domain is a big advantage, but even more important is realizing when your project differs from the norm so that you avoid blind spots. Winkle! For example, software that runs a hospital might most closely resemble an IT project, with its integration concerns and essay school, complex domain types. Winkle! However, a system that takes 10 minutes to reboot after a power failure is essay school, usually a minor risk for rip van, an IT project, but a major risk at essay hagiographic life a hospital.
3.5 Prioritizing risks. Not all risks are equally large, so they can be prioritized. Most development teams will prioritize risks by discussing the priorities amongst themselves. This can be adequate, but the team’s perception of risks may not be the same as the rip van winkle, stakeholders’ perception. If your team is leibniz new essays, spending enough time on software architecture for it to be noticeable in your budget, it is best to validate that time and money are being spent in accordance with stakeholder priorities. Risks can be categorized on two dimensions: their priority to stakeholders and their perceived difficulty by developers. Be aware that some technical risks, such as platform choices, cannot be easily assessed by stakeholders.
This is the and romanticism essays, same categorization technique used in ATAM to prioritize architecture drivers and quality attribute scenarios . Formal procedures exist for cataloging and prioritizing risks using risk matrices, including a US military standard MILSTD882D. Formal prioritization of risks is appropriate if your system, for example, handles radioactive material, but most computer systems can be less formal. Applying design or architecture pattern. Breaking point test.
Figure 3: A few examples of engineering risk reduction techniques in software engineering and other #64257;elds. Modeling is commonplace in drama all engineering #64257;elds. Once you know what risks you are facing, you can apply techniques that you expect to reduce the risk. Rip Van And Romanticism! The term technique is quite broad, so we will focus specifically on thesis software engineering risk reduction techniques, but for convenience continue to rip van essays use the simple name technique. Figure 3 shows a short list of software engineering techniques and techniques from hagiographic hidden spiritual other engineering #64257;elds.
4.1 Spectrum from analyses to solutions. Imagine you are building a cathedral and winkle and romanticism essays, you are worried that it may fall down. You could build models of crime, various design alternatives and calculate their stresses and strains. Alternately, you could apply a known solution, such as using a #64258;ying buttress. Both work, but the former approach has an rip van winkle, analytical character while the latter has a known-good solution character. Techniques exist on a spectrum from pure analyses, like calculating stresses, to pure solutions, like using a #64258;ying buttress on a cathedral. Other software architecture and essay, design books have inventoried techniques on rip van the solution-end of the spectrum, and thesis, call these techniques tactics or patterns [12,7], and include such solutions as using a process monitor, a forwarder-receiver, or a model-view-controller. The risk-driven model focuses on techniques that are on the analysis-end of the spectrum, ones that are procedural and independent of the problem domain. These techniques include using models such as layer diagrams, component assembly models, and deployment models; applying analytic techniques for performance, security, and reliability; and leveraging architectural styles such as client-server and pipe-and-#64257;lter to achieve an emergent quality. 4.2 Techniques mitigate risks.
Design is a mysterious process, where virtuosos can make leaps of reasoning between problems and solutions . For your process to be repeatable, however, you need to winkle essays make explicit what the virtuosos are doing tacitly. In this case, you need to be able to explicitly state how to essay life text choose techniques in rip van response to school risks. Rip Van Winkle Essays! Today, this knowledge is mostly informal, but we can aspire to creating a handbook that would help us make informed decisions. It would be #64257;lled with entries that look like this: If you have a risk, consider a technique to reduce it. Such a handbook would improve the repeatability of designing software architectures by encoding the knowledge of virtuoso architects as mappings between risks and techniques. Any particular technique is good at phd thesis drama reducing some risks but not others. Winkle! In a neat and orderly world, there would be a single technique to address every known risk.
In practice, some risks can be mitigated by multiple techniques, while others risks require you to invent techniques on the #64258;y. This frame of mind, where you choose techniques based on caper essay risks, helps you to rip van winkle essays work efficiently. You do not want to waste time (or other resources) on low-impact techniques, nor do you want to ignore project-threatening risks. You want to problems build successful systems by taking a path that spends your time most effectively. That means only applying techniques when they are motivated by risks.
4.3 Optimal basket of techniques. To avoid wasting your time and money, you should choose techniques that best reduce your prioritized list of risks. You should seek out rip van and romanticism essays opportunities to leibniz new essays kill two birds with one stone by applying a single technique to mitigate two or more risks. You might like to think of it as an optimization problem to choose a set of techniques that optimally mitigates your risks. It is rip van winkle essays, harder to decide which techniques should be applied than it appears at #64257;rst glance. Ich Wissen Essay! Every technique does something valuable, just not the valuable thing your project needs most. For example, there are techniques for improving the usability of your user interfaces. Imagine you successfully used such techniques on your last project, so you choose it again on your current project. Rip Van! You #64257;nd three usability #64258;aws in your design, and #64257;x them. Does this mean that employing the was kann essay, usability technique was a good idea?
Not necessarily, because such reasoning ignores the opportunity cost. The fair comparison is against the other techniques you could have used. And Romanticism Essays! If your biggest risk is that your chosen framework is inappropriate, you should spend your time analyzing or prototyping your framework choice instead of on usability. Your time is scarce, so you should choose techniques that are maximally effective at reducing your failure risks, not just somewhat effective. 4.4 Cannot eliminate engineering risk. Perhaps you are wondering why we should try to new essays create an optimal basket of techniques when we should go all the way and eliminate engineering risk. It is and romanticism essays, tempting, since engineers hate ignoring risks, especially those they know how to address.
The downside of trying to eliminate engineering risk is phd thesis drama, time. As aviation pioneers, the Wright brothers spent time on winkle and romanticism essays mathematical and empirical investigations into aeronautical principles and thus reduced their engineering risk. But, if they had continued these investigations until risks were eliminated, their #64257;rst test #64258;ight might have been in 1953 instead of caper, 1903. The reason you cannot afford to winkle and romanticism essays eliminate engineering risk is because you must balance it with non-engineering risk, which is predominantly, project management risk. Consequently, a software developer does not have the architectural thesis, option to rip van winkle and romanticism essays apply every useful technique because risk reductions must be balanced against time and cost. 5 Guidance on caper choosing techniques.
So far, you have been introduced to the risk-driven model and have been advised to choose techniques based on your risks. You should be wondering how to rip van and romanticism essays make good choices. In the caper, future, perhaps a developer choosing techniques will act much like a mechanical engineer who chooses materials by referencing tables of rip van winkle, properties and making quantitative decisions. Essay For Pharmacy! For now, such tables do not exist. Winkle Essays! You can, however, ask experienced developers what they would do to mitigate risks. That is, you would choose techniques based on their experience and your own. However, if you are curious, you would be dissatis#64257;ed either with a table or a collection of advice from software veterans.
Surely there must be principles that underlie any table or any veteran’s experience, principles that explain why technique X works to mitigate risk Y. Such principles do exist and we will now take a look at problems some important ones. Winkle! Here is a brief preview. New Essays! First, sometimes you have a problem to rip van winkle and romanticism #64257;nd while other times you have a problem to prove, and your technique choice should match that need. Essay! Second, some problems can be solved with an analogic model while others require an analytic model, so you will need to differentiate these kinds of models. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays! Third, it may only be ef#64257;cient to analyze a problem using a particular type of model.
And #64257;nally, some techniques have affinities, like pounding is hagiographic, suitable for nails and twisting is suitable for screws. 5.1 Problems to #64257;nd and prove. In his book How to Solve It, George Polya identifies two distinct kinds of math problems: problems to #64257;nd and problems to prove . The problem, Is there a number that when squared equals 4? is a problem to rip van essays #64257;nd, and leibniz new essays, you can test your proposed answer easily. Winkle! On the crime essay, other hand, Is the set of prime numbers in#64257;nite? is a problem to prove. Finding things tends to winkle be easier than proving things because for proofs you need to demonstrate something is true in all possible cases. When searching for a technique to address a risk, you can often eliminate many possible techniques because they answer the essay school, wrong kind of Polya question. Some risks are specific, so they can be tested with straightforward test cases. It is winkle and romanticism essays, easy to was kann essay imagine writing a test case for Can the database hold names up to 100 characters? since it is a problem to #64257;nd. Similarly, you may need to design a scalable website. This is also a problem to #64257;nd because you only need to design (i.e., #64257;nd) one solution, not demonstrate that your design is optimal.
Conversely, it is rip van winkle, hard to imagine a small set of test cases providing persuasive evidence when you have a problem to phd thesis drama prove. Consider, Does the system always conform to the framework Application Programming Interface (API)? Your tests could succeed, but there could be a case you have not yet seen, perhaps when a framework call unexpectedly passes a null reference. Another example of a problem to rip van winkle prove is deadlock: Any number of leibniz new essays, tests can run successfully without revealing a problem in a locking protocol. 5.2 Analytic and essays, analogic models. Michael Jackson, crediting Russell Ackoff, distinguishes between analogic models and analytic models [8,9].
In an hagiographic hidden life meditation spiritual text, analogic model, each model element has an analogue in the domain of interest. Rip Van Winkle Essays! A radar screen is an analogic model of some terrain, where blips on the screen correspond to airplanes - the blip and the airplane are analogues. Analogic models support analysis only indirectly and problems, usually domain knowledge or human reasoning are required. A radar screen can help you answer the question, Are these planes on a collision course? but to do so you are using your special purpose brainpower in the same way that an out#64257;elder can tell if he is in position to catch a #64258;y ball. An analytic (what Ackoff would call symbolic) model, by winkle essays, contrast, directly supports computational analysis. Mathematical equations are examples of analytic models, as are state machines.
You could imagine an analytic model of the airplanes where each is problems thesis, represented by a vector. Mathematics provides an rip van winkle and romanticism, analytic capability to relate the vectors, so you could quantitatively answer questions about drama, collision courses. When you model software, you invariably use symbols, whether they are Uni#64257;ed Modeling Language (UML) elements or some other notation. You must be careful because some of those symbolic models support analytic reasoning while others support analogic reasoning, even when they use the same notation. For example, two different UML models could represent airplanes as classes one with and one without an attribute for rip van and romanticism essays, the airplane’s vector. The UML model with the leibniz, vector enables you to compute a collision course, so it is an analytic model. The UML model without the vector does not, so it is an analogic model. So simply using a de#64257;ned notation, like UML, does not guarantee that your models will be analytic. Architecture description languages (ADLs) are more constrained than UML, with the intention of nudging your architecture models to be analytic ones. Whether a given model is analytic or analogic depends on the question you want it to answer. Either of the UML models could be used to count airplanes, for example, and so could be considered analytic models.
When you know what risks you want to mitigate, you can appropriately choose an rip van winkle essays, analytic or analogic model. Ich Wissen Essay! For example, if you are concerned that your engineers may not understand the relationships between domain entities, you may build an analogic model in UML and confirm it with domain experts. Conversely, if you need to calculate response time distributions, then you will want an analytic model. 5.3 Viewtype matching. The effectiveness of some risk-technique pairings depends on the type of model or view used. The module viewtype includes tangible artifacts such as source code and classes; the winkle essays, runtime viewtype includes runtime structures like objects; and the allocation viewtype includes allocation elements like server rooms and hardware. It is easiest to reason about modifiability from the module viewtype, performance from the runtime viewtype, and security from the deployment and for pharmacy, module viewtypes. Each view reveals selected details of rip van, a system. Caper Crime Essay! Reasoning about winkle essays, a risk works best when the view being used reveals details relevant to hidden meditation text that risk.
For example, reasoning about a runtime protocol is easier with a runtime view, perhaps a state machine, than with source code. Similarly, it is easier to reason about single points of failure using an allocation view than a module view. Despite this, developers are adaptable and rip van, will work with the resources they have, and will mentally simulate the other viewtypes. For example, developers usually have access to essay hagiographic life spiritual the source code, so they have become quite adept at imagining the runtime behavior of the code and rip van and romanticism, where it will be deployed. While a developer can make do with source code, reasoning will be easier when the risk and viewtype are matched, and drama, the view reveals details related to the risk. 5.4 Techniques with affinities. In the physical world, tools are designed for rip van winkle, a purpose: hammers are for essay hidden life, pounding nails, screwdrivers are for turning screws, saws are for cutting. You may sometimes hammer a screw, or use a screwdriver as a pry bar, but the results are better when you use the tool that matches the winkle and romanticism essays, job. In software architecture, some techniques only go with particular risks because they were designed that way and it is difficult to use them for another purpose. For example, Rate Monotonic Analysis primarily helps with reliability risks, threat modeling primarily helps with security risks, and queuing theory primarily helps with performance risks. The beginning of this article posed two questions.
So far, this article has explored the #64257;rst: Which design and architecture techniques should you use? The answer is to school identify risks and choose techniques to combat them. The techniques best suited to winkle and romanticism one project will not be the leibniz new essays, ones best suited to another project. But the mindset of winkle, aligning your architecture techniques, your experience, and the guidance you have learned will steer you to appropriate techniques. We now turn our attention to the second question: How much design and thesis, architecture should you do?
Time spent designing or analyzing is and romanticism, time that could have been spent building, testing, etc., so you want to hagiographic life meditation text get the balance right, neither doing too much design, nor ignoring risks that could swamp your project. 6.1 Effort should be commensurate with risk. The risk-driven model strives to efficiently apply techniques to reduce risks, which means not over-or under-applying techniques. To achieve efficiency, the winkle essays, risk-driven model uses this guiding principle: Architecture efforts should be commensurate with the risk of failure.
If you recall the phd thesis drama, story of my father and the mailbox, he was not terribly worried about the mailbox falling over, so he did not spend much time designing the solution or applying mechanical engineering analyses. He thought about the design a little bit, perhaps considering how deep the and romanticism, hole should be, but most of his time was spent on implementation. When you are unconcerned about security risks, spend no time on security design. However, when performance is a project-threatening risk, work on it until you are reasonably sure that performance will be OK. 6.2 Incomplete architecture designs.
When you apply the risk-driven model, you only design the areas where you perceive failure risks. Most of the hidden life meditation spiritual text, time, applying a design technique means building a model of some kind, either on paper or a whiteboard. Consequently, your architecture model will likely be detailed in some areas and rip van and romanticism essays, sketchy, or even non-existent, in others. For example, if you have identified some performance risks and no security risks, you would build models to address the performance risks, but those models would have no security details in thesis them. Still, not every detail about rip van winkle essays, performance would be modeled and decided. Remember that models are an intermediate product and you can stop working on them once you have become convinced that your architecture is suitable for addressing your risks.
6.3 Subjective evaluation. The risk-driven model says to prioritize your risks, apply chosen techniques, then evaluate any remaining risk, which means that you must decide if the risk has been sufficiently mitigated. But what does sufficiently mitigated mean? You have prioritized your risks, but which risks make the cut and architectural, which do not? The risk-driven model is a framework to rip van winkle and romanticism facilitate your decision making, but it cannot make judgment calls for you. It identifies salient ideas (prioritized risks and corresponding techniques) and guides you to ask the essay hagiographic life meditation, right questions about your design work. Rip Van Winkle Essays! By using the caper essay, risk-driven model, you are ahead because you have identified risks, enacted corresponding techniques, and kept your effort commensurate with your risks. Winkle And Romanticism Essays! But eventually you must make a subjective evaluation: will the ich wissen essay, architecture you designed enable you to overcome your failure risks? About the article. This article is excerpted from Chapter 3 of the essays, book Just Enough Software Architecture: A Risk-Driven Approach , available in hardback or as an e-book from http://RhinoResearch.com.
2010 George Fairbanks.  Muhammad Ali Babar. Was Kann Ich Wissen! An exploratory study of architectural practices and challenges in using agile software development approaches. Joint Working IEEE/IFIP Conference on Software Architecture 2009 European Conference on Software Architecture 2009, September 2009.  Mario R. Barbacci, Robert Ellison, Anthony J. Lattanze, Judith A. Stafford, Charles B. Weinstock, and rip van essays, William G. Wood. Quality attribute workshops (qaws), third edition. Technical report, Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 2003.  Len Bass, Paul Clements, and Rick Kazman.
Software Architecture in Practice. AddisonWesley, second edition, 2003.  Marvin J. Carr, Suresh L. Essay School! Konda, Ira Monarch, F.Carol Ulrich, and Clay F. Walker. Taxonomy-based risk identi#64257;cation. Technical Report CMU/SEI-93-TR-6, Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, June 1993.  Viktor Clerc, Patricia Lago, and rip van winkle and romanticism essays, Hans van Vliet. The architect’s mindset.
Third International Conference on Quality of essay, Software Architectures (QoSA), pages 231– 248, 2007.  George Fairbanks.#9;Just Enough Software Architcture: A Risk-Driven Approach. Marshal and rip van and romanticism essays, Brainerd, 2010. E-book available from rhinoresearch.com.  Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, and John Vlissides. Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software (Addison-WesleyProfessional Computing Series). Addison-Wesley Professional, 1995.  Michael Jackson.
Software Requirements and Speci#64257;cations. Addison-Wesley, 1995.  Michael Jackson. Leibniz New Essays! Problem Frames: Analyzing and Structuring Software Development Problems. Addison-Wesley, 2000.  Henry Petroski. And Romanticism! Design Paradigms: Case Histories of essay hidden life spiritual, Error and Judgment in Engineering. Cambridge University Press, 1994.  George Polya. Winkle And Romanticism! How to Solve It: A New Aspect of Mathematical Method (Princeton Science Library). Princeton University Press, 2004.
 Douglas Schmidt, Michael Stal, Hans Rohnert, and phd thesis, Frank Buschmann. Pattern-Oriented Software Architecture Volume 2: Patterns for Concurrent and Networked Objects. Wiley, 2000.  Mary Shaw and David Garlan. Software Architecture: Perspectives on an Emerging Discipline.
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Rip van winkle romanticism essay
create an essay plan BEFORE PLANNING AN ACADEMIC ESSAY. CONSIDER the PURPOSE. Questions to rip van winkle and romanticism, ask yourself: What is my goal in writing this piece? What information do I need to include? How shall I organize the information? CONSIDER the AUDIENCE. Questions to ich wissen essay, ask yourself: What do my readers need to know? Who are my readers? Generate some ideas: create a network of related information that covers the winkle main and supporting ideas of the architectural thesis topic.
BASIC ESSAY STRUCTURE. Thesis statement-is a statement of the main idea or central argument that most commonly appears in winkle, the introductory paragraph. This is how you begin to articulate your position. CONCLUSIONS: these represent the most common approaches to writing conclusions for. · Provide an analogy or comparison. · Suggest a specific plan of action. · Speculate about the future.
· Refer to relevant research. MAKING AN ESSAY PLAN. All of the was kann ich wissen essay stages below are needed to rip van essays, produce good academic writing. Outlining: An outline is: * A way of planning and problems inventing. · A logical, general description. · A summary of rip van winkle and romanticism your plans.
· An organizational pattern. · A visual and conceptual arrangement of your writing. · It is used to essay, show a relationship between ideas and can look like this: m. Rip Van Winkle And Romanticism? A. Division of for pharmacy major topic. n. Rip Van And Romanticism Essays? 1. detail concerning division A. 1. second detail. B. Second division of essay hidden meditation major topic. ll. Second major topic. A. Division of second major topic. 1. detail concerning division B.
2. Winkle And Romanticism Essays? second detail. Example: Thesis : Although various methods for limiting or disposing of nuclear waste have been proposed, each has serious drawbacks. I. The process of leibniz new essays limiting nuclear waste through partioning and transmutation has serious drawbacks. A. The process is rip van winkle and romanticism essays complex and costly. B. Nuclear workers#146; exposure to radiation would increase. II. Problems? Antarctic ice sheet disposal is problematic for scientific and legal reasons.
A. Our understanding of the behavior of ice sheets is too limited. B. An international treaty prohibits disposal in Antarctica. III. Space disposal is unthinkable. A. The risk of an accident and resulting worldwide disaster is great. B. The cost is prohibitive. IV. Seabed disposal is and romanticism unwise because we do not know enough about the procedure or its impact. A. Leibniz New Essays? Scientists have not yet solved technical difficulties.
B. We do not fully understand the winkle and romanticism impact of such disposal on the ocean#146;s ecology. Drafting is writing a first copy of your plans and outline and making meaningful connections. among your ideas and essay hagiographic hidden text information . It is and romanticism essays a preliminary version of school your paper which you write with the intention of revising and editing several times before producing a final copy. Think about all the points below before you start your draft. Composing : begin writing your paper, keeping all of winkle and romanticism essays your pre-writing plans in leibniz, mind.
Paragraphing : see *****essay planning section. Organizing : arranging and sequencing the essays information to be included in your paper in a logical and coherent manner. Pay attention to leibniz new essays, the way you group your ideas together in the drafting stage. Incorporating sources : draw on the readings and external sources you have summarised or paraphrased for rip van winkle and romanticism essays inclusion in your paper. Synthesising: joining pieces of essay school information from winkle essays, different sources together in leibniz, a smooth and coherent manner. Arranging : place the information in the most logical and reader friendly order.
Selecting : choose what information to include where and when in your text. STRUCTURE AND LANGUAGE INSIDE THE ESSAY. Within the essay structure, there are several key aspects to concentrate on in your assignment. As well as overall essay structure, each paragraph of rip van and romanticism essays your essay must also be well structured. The paragraph is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic. For Pharmacy? An effective paragraph should contain the following: unity, coherence, a topic sentence and adequate development through the use of supporting details and evidence. Try the following: · put only one main idea per paragraph. · Aim for 3 to winkle and romanticism, 5 sentences per paragraph. · Include about essay hagiographic hidden life meditation text, 3 typed paragraphs per page. · If you have a few very short paragraphs, think about whether they are really parts of a larger paragraph#151;and can be combined#151;or whether you can add details to support each point and thus make each into winkle, a more fully developed paragraph.
Unity - the entire paragraph should concern itself with a single focus. If it begins with one focus or major point of discussion it should not end with another or wander within different ideas. Topic sentences - indicate in a general way what ideas or thesis the paragraph is going to deal with. Not all paragraphs have clear-cut topic sentences and drama some topic sentences can occur anywhere in the paragraph (1 st sentence, last sentence, or somewhere in the middle). However, the easy way to make sure the reader understands the topic of the paragraph is still to put your topic sentence near the beginning of the rip van winkle paragraph. (A good general rule for less experienced writers)
Supporting details : the topic should be discussed fully and adequately. Essay Hagiographic Life Spiritual Text? Again, this varies from paragraph to rip van winkle essays, paragraph, depending on the author#146;s purpose, but writers should beware of essay meditation spiritual paragraphs that only essays have two or three sentences. Some methods to essay life meditation, make sure your paragraph is well developed with supporting details: Use examples as evidence: · Cite data (facts, statistics, evidence, details, etc#133;) · Use an anecdote or story. · Compare and contrast. · Evaluate causes and reasons. · Examine effects and consequences.
· Analyse the topic. · Describe the topic. · Offer a chronology of an event. Use indentation signals to the reader the start of a new paragraph and helps section. your paper into units of information that are unified in topic and focus. This is winkle essays a way of condensing text to remember key points and making use of the summarised material for some other purpose,such as essay writing or note making. Crime? Summaries can be undertaken in rip van essays, the following way: 1. Essay? Read through the rip van winkle original text to obtain the essay for pharmacy school gist (an impression of the rip van and romanticism information) and caper crime use a technique of underlining or highlighting the most important points. 2. Use these key ideas to generate your own notes using your own words. 3. Draw on your notes to write your summary beginning with the main idea and indicating the source of the material. 4. Include only the most important supporting information.
5. Alter the sequence of the points to rip van winkle essays, make the writing more reader friendly. 6. Review your summary and check it for efficiency. · your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new form. · one legitimate way to borrow from a source. · a more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea. Strategies for effective paraphrasing : · Re read the phd thesis original passage until you understand its full meaning. · Set the winkle original aside, write your paraphrase on a note card. · Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you late how you envision using this material.
At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of problems your paraphrase. · Check your version against the original to make sure that your rendition accurately conveys all of the essential information in a new form. · Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. · Record the rip van winkle source (including page) on crime essay, your note card so that you can credit it easily if you decide to incorporate the information into winkle, your own writing. Example: The original passage. Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in new essays, the final research paper. Example: A legitimate paraphrase. There is a strong connection between quoting excessively during note taking and over quoting in research assignments. Coherence: When sentences, ideas and details fit together clearly and logically, readers.
can follow the text more easily. Linking words behave like glue, connecting all the parts of a piece of winkle and romanticism essays text together smoothly. Here are. some of the methods for achieving coherence in your writing: · Repetition of key terms or phrases- to avoid confusion, writers often repeat words and phrases. Example: The problem with contemporary art is that it is not easily understood by most people. Modern art is deliberately abstract, and that means that contemporary art leaves the viewer wondering what she is looking at. · Synonyms- words with identical or very similar meanings: they provide some variety in essay, your word choices while helping to connect important ideas.
Example: Myths narrate sacred history and explain sacred origins. Rip Van Winkle Essays? These traditional narratives are, in short, a set of beliefs that are a very real force in the lives of people who tell them. · Pronoun reference- this, that, these, those, he, she, it, they and we, are useful pronouns for referring back to something previously mentioned. Be sure that what you are referring to is clear. Example: When scientific experiments do not work out as expected, they are often considered failures until some other scientist tries them again. · Transitional words #150; are connecting words that serve as a bridge, connecting one paragraph, sentence, clause, or word with another and signal the relationships between sentences and ideas in a piece of writing.
Transitional words and expressions Purpose. Also, too, in addition, furthermore, to add an idea or example. Moreover, and, besides, in fact. For example, for instance, such as, to supply an example to crime essay, support a including generalization. First, next, last, before, after, earlier to indicate order in rip van and romanticism, which events subsequently, later, while, until, initially, occur or ideas are presented. Because, since, for the reason is that to indicate the cause or reason for. Therefore, so, thus, as a result, so that, to new essays, indicate the effect or result.
But, however, nevertheless, on the contrary to indicate that one thing is different. although, unlike, whereas, while, in contrast from or contrasts with another thing. despite, yet, on the other hand. Similarly, likewise, in the same manner, to indicate that one thing is similar. in the winkle and romanticism essays same way, along the same lines as, to something already mentioned. unless, if, even if, or, provided that, to indicate a condition. still to essay school, indicate that something continues. in other words, that is, that is to say to winkle and romanticism, indicate that something will be restated for clarity. finally, at last, after all, in conclusion, to indicate the end of a thought or list.
to conclude, to sum up. INDICATORS FOR ACADEMIC WRITING. Arguments Indicators Premise Indicators Conclusion Indicators. should since therefore. must because hence.
necessarily as so. inasmuch as consequently. for the reason that it follows that. REFORMLATING AND REVISING YOUR ESSAY. This occurs throughout the writing process and need not be left until the end. A good writer is constantly reviewing his or her writing and essay for pharmacy making changes to strengthen the piece. At this stage, you should be: Editing : re-read your writing and check for grammar, usage and punctuation accuracy. Revising: the process of modifying and reshaping the ideas in your writing in rip van winkle and romanticism, order to caper crime essay, convey your message in the most reader friendly way. Try the following: · Re read your paper to determine if the content (ideas) is being conveyed in the best possible way.
· Time: let some time go by rip van essays, between the drafting stage and the revising stage. This can help you distance yourself from the draft and see it in for pharmacy, new ways. · Peer review: show your work-in-progress to rip van essays, one or two readers to get feedback on your writing. · Checklists: construct a checklist for ich wissen essay revising and check your draft against the established criteria. Proofreading : check for spelling and essays punctuation errors. Responding to peer and tutor feedback : return to your text and incorporate the was kann essay recommended changes.
· Editing: is the rip van winkle and romanticism essays final process of preparing a piece of writing for an audience. Editing involves paying attention to the surface details of the writing. At this point you should look at: Example: ( I#146;ve, I have ) always felt that science and the military ( are obligated to, should, have to ) work together. · sentence structure (see sentence and grammar errors). A common error is to use incomplete, or fragments. Example: Or how to ride a bicycle. This is problems not a complete sentence! · Grammar (see sentence and grammar errors) A common mistake is to have part of the sentence that don#146;t #145;agree#146; with each other.
Example: The Prime Minister make important foreign policy decisions. · Spelling: don#146;t worry about spelling during the planning, drafting and revising stages, wait until you have completed your revising before checking your spelling. Example: controversy (correct) versus contraversy (wrong) · use standard and rip van and romanticism commonly accepted abbreviations , · spell out numbers of one or two words, or those that begin a sentence. · italics and underlining should be used for titles of books; plays; films; long poems; works of visual art; magazines; newspapers; pamphlets; and radio and television programs; aircraft; ships; and trains; foreign words; . · consult the dictionary to architectural thesis, determine whether the compound word requires a hyphen, · capitalize the beginning of every new sentence; the names of specific people; places; groups; businesses; events; people#146;s titles and their abbreviations; specific course; religions; languages; organisations; and titles of works. Errors in these areas may violate our standards for winkle and romanticism academic writing. Here are some useful strategies for was kann ich wissen when you are checking your work. · Read aloud: reading aloud forces you to read it slowly and allows you to experience your words through your eyes, ears and mouth.
· Read backward: this strategy separates words from their usual contexts and allows the writer to examine each word carefully for spelling errors and typing mistakes. · Circle verbs: one way to revisit sentence structure is to essays, look at the verbs you have chosen. Good writing often depends on strong verbs and reexamining the verb choices you have made can ensure that you have expressed your ideas strongly. · Reading sentences out of leibniz new essays context: reading out of context helps to determine whether the sentences are complete or fragments. · Keep a log of the feedback you receive to see if there are any patterns to your errors.
IMPROVING YOUR WRITING STYLE. Choosing appropriate words is not easy even for the seasoned writer. There are some strategies however, that can minimize any difficulty and help you improve the choices you make when you write. Register : whether the topic or assignment demands a formal or informal tone. Example: It was no big deal It was inconsequential. Style : We write differently for different audiences and for different purposes. Style is rip van and romanticism essays largely determined by these five features of the architectural problems language: 1. Winkle And Romanticism Essays? The presence or absence of the architectural thesis writer in the prose: using the first person #145;I#146;. Example: #147; I believe that atomic war will devastate life on earth.#148; (the use of rip van winkle #147;I#148; gives the essay impression that the rip van winkle and romanticism essays writer is architectural problems thesis relying on personal experience and knowledge).
#145;It is rip van winkle and romanticism essays believed that atomic war will devastate life on earth#146; 2. The representation of the audience: speaking directly to the reader using #147;you#148; Example: #145;As you prepare for this course..#146; #145;In preparation for this course #145; (the first example is more conversational and less formal while the drama second example is more objective and more formal). 3.Word choice : a heavily nominalised (verbs and adjectives turned into nouns) style is formal, abstract and impersonal. Sentences with heavy nominalisation are more formal and objective sounding to the reader. Examples: to decide OR decision; to act OR action; clear OR clarity; accurately OR accuracy. Example: #145;He decided to act once the issues became clear #146; #145;He made the decision to take action once the issues took on greater clarity.
4. Sentence length, structure, variety : for some audiences you are likely to consider word choice and sentence length differently. Sometimes more specialized, complex words and grammar are necessary to winkle essays, ensure clarity. Example: #145;The huts vary in height. They measure from ten to fifteen feet in diameter. They contain no modern conveniences.#146; #145;The huts, which vary in height and measure from ten to fifteen feet in diameter, contain no modern conveniences.#146; 5. The design of the paragraphs : To the phd thesis drama reader, paragraphs that are longer than half a page appear difficult. Short paragraphs may signal ideas that are underdeveloped. Most paragraphs should be 5-7 sentences, three paragraphs to a single typed page. Basic matters of style: · Use concrete nouns.
Good writing is detailed and rip van exact, not vague or general. · Avoid the passive too much and don#146;t rely to drama, heavily on the verb #145;to be#146;. · Don#146;t depend on adjectives and adverbs to convey your meaning. Rip Van Winkle Essays? Let the nouns and phd thesis verbs do most of the work. · Vary sentence length. When every sentence is the same length the and romanticism essays text becomes monotonous. A short sentence can be an leibniz new essays, effective way to emphasize an winkle and romanticism essays, idea, and a long sentence can produce a satisfying and convincing rhythm.
· Think about drama, your style: personal or impersonal, academic or social? I MPROVING YOU VOCABUALRY: LEVELS OF FORMALITY. Try the following exercise. Arrange the list of words according to their usage levels#151;from most formal to and romanticism, most informal.