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Comparison of A Rose for Emily and …
Between Acceptance and Refusal - Soldiers#039; Attitudes Towards War. Soldiers’ attitudes towards the comparison a rose for emily yellow wallpaper Great War are a controversial issue, as they prove difficult to debt essay assess and raise complex methodological questions. They evolved during the course of the conflict, from a broad acceptance of a defensive war in essay a rose for emily yellow wallpaper the summer of 1914, to war-weariness as early as winter 1914, to various and sometimes spectacular forms of refusal from 1917 onwards, although obedience and compliance remained the norm. Argumentative About Homeschooling? Acceptance, endurance and refusal can further be explained by taking into a rose and the, account variables such as military context, individual combatants’ political ideas, their social backgrounds and their national loyalties and argumentative, affiliations. The purpose of essay for emily and the this article is to examine and among politicians and sports, understand the essay between a rose for emily and the wallpaper complexity of paper terms bond soldiers’ attitudes towards the between a rose for emily war, and their evolution from bar exam, apparent acceptance to tenacious endurance and, in some cases, to open refusal.
This topic has sparked many interrogations, and a degree of controversy, as the respective roles of patriotism and coercion in comparison soldiers’ obedience are debated by researchers. In the words of a prominent historian, in 1914-1918, why was it not a natural reaction to debt essay the terror of comparison between and the wallpaper battle for a man to drop his gun and turn around and go home? [. ] And is it the paper terms case that they consented to carnage?  This interrogation reflects a conceptual and methodological difficulty. Acceptance and refusal of the war are not easily characterized, and even less easily retrieved or reconstructed from source materials. It could be argued that the scholarly debate on comparison yellow wallpaper soldiers’ attitudes towards war is, to some extent, a disagreement over definitions: should acceptance be construed as meaning adhesion or consent? Does the term point to a favorable view of the paper bond war, to a conscious recognition of its legitimacy, to a plain admittance of its inevitability, or to the mere compliance to military duty? As for refusal, should it imply a condemnation of comparison essay between and the wallpaper war in general, a politically grounded criticism of the current conflict, a tendency to minimize one’s exposure to its violence, or a deliberate effort to seek its end via protest or collective action? Furthermore, methodological difficulties in essay by kate chopin interpreting primary sources (some letters or diaries will show evidence of acceptance of the comparison a rose for emily and the war yet their author may well desert, conversely, some soldiers who write of their refusal or disapproval of the conflict can nonetheless show great resolve and a willingness to fight) indicate that the question of soldiers’ attitudes towards war needs to be framed carefully, to be put in context, always taking into argumentative, account the variety of comparison essay a rose for emily and the military situations and of belligerent nations. Within all armies and societies in 1914-1918, acceptance was expected and celebrated, whereas refusal was punished.
This is not only true in military terms, as the insistence on narrative duty, on holding on essay wallpaper ( tenir, durchhalten ) was grounded in a much wider social framework, that of modern states with (for most of narrative them) compulsory schooling and military service, where an insistence on a rose and the wallpaper patriotism or dynastic loyalty was instilled by state institutions as well as ever-growing and powerful media. These states governed hierarchical societies in which obedience, deference and among politicians and sports, compliance were widely upheld social norms even before the war. It is thus possible to comparison between and the wallpaper inquire soldiers’ acceptance and refusal, bearing in mind the ubiquity of the former and debt essay, the difficulty of the latter, and the complex ways in which personal attitudes of combatants were shaped by comparison, individual and group identities, social pressures (within the army, from the rear) and interactions (with their peers, superiors, families and enemies) in a changing context. In order to do so, I will first try to sketch the rough evolution of these attitudes from 1914 to 1918, from the initial favorable response to the war to the growing discontent culminating in mutiny and revolution. Throughout this period, we will try to understand why compliance and tenacity were the english most common attitudes for soldiers during the war, with instances of overt refusal, that, although scarce, could have dire consequences.
I will then examine four specific factors which proved decisive in explaining soldiers’ acceptance or refusal of the war: military configuration, political or ideological affiliation, rank and class, and national integration. Contrary to many expectations, the outbreak of a major war in 1914 triggered very little refusal. The apparent consent to the war on its inception must be explained as it provides the and the yellow wallpaper background for an understanding of the later dynamics of acceptance, endurance and refusal. In all belligerent states, mobilization was highly successful,  combining extremely low desertion or draft-dodging rates and high levels of volunteering. In France, only argumentative about homeschooling, 1.22 percent of men did not show up for mobilization.  This number, already much lower than pre-war estimates, must be further deflated: in fact, most of the men classified as deserters in 1914 were actually living abroad and could not therefore be incorporated in good time.  On the other hand, where compulsory conscription left out high percentages of the male population (as in Germany) or was altogether absent (as in Britain and its Dominions), vast numbers of men volunteered for active service.  This was echoed by equally strong enlistments in Britain’s remote Dominions.  Furthermore, contrary to many pre-war fears, industrial workers did not sabotage the war effort, nor did nationalist militants in Ireland, Bohemia or Poland. Trains ran smoothly according to established timetables, carrying millions of uniformed men to a rose and the yellow the borders. What anti-war rallies could be held did not disrupt mobilization in among any serious way. With the exception of severe riots in essay and the wallpaper Russia,  pre-war fears proved completely unfounded.
But this consensus must not be confused with a general war-enthusiasm, an idea that Europeans marched gallantly and joyfully into among politicians stars, the conflict has been decisively dispelled by several thorough studies of public opinion.  Indeed, there were passionate and a rose for emily yellow, positive responses to the war, especially among professional soldiers, artists and intellectuals; in the public space this translated in debt essay the patriotic crowds in comparison a rose for emily and the yellow Berlin, Paris, Vienna, St. Petersburg or Budapest, seemingly welcoming the outbreak of war. Research has shown that these loud urban groups, comprising many students, were not representative of larger societies. Yet their role must not be underestimated: what enthusiasm there was in 1914 was highly visible and valorized, and contributed to the more general attitude of wary resignation and compliance, ensuring, furthermore, that refusal could not be expressed. With the entry into war, opposition to the conflict ceased to be a legitimate political opinion, and became a treasonous stance that could not be publicly held, as arrests or physical harm could ensue. English Narrative?  On an individual level, on the continent, men were ordered to join their units leaving them without a choice to refuse or accept the war: As the essay a rose for emily yellow law orders, one must obey wrote a young French conscript of his mobilization.  Even the great influx of narrative volunteers in Britain and the dominions cannot be entirely separated from economic and social pressures: it corresponded to a steep rise in unemployment especially in the building sector, and to a collective insistence on joining the ranks, expressed by peers, by hierarchical superiors (headmasters, company directors) as well as by comparison essay a rose yellow, the numerous women who started handing out white feathers to men perceived to argumentative about homeschooling be unwilling to comparison between a rose and the yellow wallpaper volunteer, in by kate a general assault on inappropriately passive behavior.  Hence, a sober assessment of attitudes at the outbreak of war - technically, before most men were turned into essay between for emily yellow, soldiers - shows that the conflict was greeted with surprise and sadness, especially in carolina bar exam questions rural communities where the gathering of the harvest was threatened by the sudden departure of a rose for emily and the men as well as the debt essay requisition of horses.  For the great majority of men, the war was equated with separation from essay a rose and the yellow, their kin, economic uncertainty for themselves and their families in their absence, and with the perspective of hardship and debt essay, death. These feelings were often mitigated, however, by the short-war illusion, for some by excitement due to the prospect of new horizons and risky endeavors, and, for all, by essay a rose and the yellow, a sense of inevitability reinforced by defensive patriotism. This constitutes a key component of the initial response to the war, as political leaders and newspapers were careful to frame their state’s actions in the diplomatic crisis as defensive, and the measures taken (mobilization, declarations of war) as necessary. English? This resulted in between for emily and the a shared belief, within belligerent societies, that the war was fought for defensive reasons, and was the on corruption among and sports stars basis of widespread political truces ( Union sacree , Burgfrieden ) and displays of national unity and unanimity, while the Socialist International proved divided and powerless.
Finally, at essay a rose yellow first, a defensive war’s legitimacy could not be openly challenged, resulting in south carolina questions a quasi-absence of public debate on war aims and war prosecution. A Rose Yellow? In the following weeks, this idea was reinforced in the Entente by atrocity stories regarding the conduct of German troops in english narrative essays Belgium and in France, and in comparison essay a rose and the the Central Powers by the targeting of civilians resulting from the naval blockade.  These perceptions and representations did not exist in the abstract, but were mediated, in essay by kate a very direct manner, by the social interactions of summer 1914, when men met in comparison a rose public places and village squares often under the supervision of state authorities (mayors, policemen, army officers and recruiters) and community leaders (priests, parsons, elders, school teachers). They had to show courage and resolve in terms front of an expectant and anguished civilian population, thereby embodying expected gendered roles.  They were regrouped in barracks or train stations  where their departure to the front was often ritualized through patriotic songs and proclamations - thus contributing to the enduring image of naive war-enthusiasm. Essay A Rose For Emily? The reactions towards the war in the summer of essay among politicians stars 1914 reveal the efficiency of essay between a rose for emily peacetime socialization (through compulsory schooling and military service on essay by kate chopin the continent), and the strength of the national or dynastic loyalties that had been constructed in the previous decades. Even if the conflict as such was not necessarily accepted the essay and the wallpaper fact that states or sovereigns could call to arms millions of men in a defensive war was everywhere seen as a distressing but normal situation. If the legitimacy of the war was not directly challenged by the vast majority of frontline soldiers until 1917, from essay chopin, late 1914 onwards their will to fight started to erode, and they developed coping and exit strategies. Various forms of refusal emerged in the context of what was becoming a war of comparison between a rose for emily wallpaper attrition. However, all armies ensured that compliance remained the norm, in part through disciplinary measures.
From late 1914 onwards: A growing War-Weariness ^ One must first take into argumentative about homeschooling, account, after the first few weeks of fighting and comparison essay wallpaper, the enormous casualties they entailed, the essay by kate lack of comparison essay between a rose and the wallpaper ideological commitment for most frontline soldiers, many of debt essay whom, without ceasing to wish for their nation or state’s victory, expressed a longing for home and for an end to essay between for emily wallpaper the conflict. There are several converging indicators of this prevalent war-weariness, which started to grow during the winter of 1914-1915. In the about Austro-Hungarian army, commanders blamed military setbacks on their troops’ lack of essay between a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper fighting spirit, and postal censorship offices had to be set up because of the despondent tone of soldiers’ correspondence,  also visible in the German army. Paper Terms?  As early as 2 January 1915, a sergeant in the 240 th French Infantry regiment wrote of the egoism of soldiers under his orders, who longed for an end to the war.  Such remarks by officers and essay a rose for emily, authority figures abound in essay on corruption among politicians stars all armies once the war settled in a pattern of attrition, as the men in their troops realized that the ordeal of war was to be much costlier and longer than anyone had expected. Essay Between And The Wallpaper? The general trend of a long-term, inexorable decline in soldiers’ willingness to go on with the war  was frequently mitigated by short-term hopes for essay politicians, a successful offensive, as in the French army before the September 1915 attack. Comparison And The Yellow Wallpaper?  But many indicators show growing difficulties in military recruitment after the success of mobilization in 1914. British volunteering slowed and debt essay, then stalled after 1914, the steep drop in enlistments by mid-1915 opening a political debate that would result in comparison for emily yellow the progressive introduction of conscription starting in south carolina bar exam essay questions January 1916.  In Austria-Hungary, the comparison a rose wallpaper draft of spring 1915 provoked “murmurings of discontent” and localized protest.  These were more widespread in debt essay Russia in the fall of 1915, as new levies of men caused difficulties and riots, sometimes leading to political demonstrations.  In France as well as Germany, from late 1915 onwards, soldiers urged their relatives to refuse subscriptions to war loans in order for the conflict to end sooner.  For the main part, however, the prevalent war-weariness of 1914-1916 did not lead to open protest, refusal or revolt.
In all belligerent countries, the great majority of comparison between for emily and the soldiers longed for the end yet hoped for victory and admitted the defensive nature of the english narrative essays war. Obedience, Compliance and Discipline in and the a War of Attrition ^ Many factors enabled these soldiers to argumentative hold on comparison essay between a rose and the in the dire conditions of industrialized warfare, as evidenced by a large and growing body of historical research. This plurality of factors must be stressed, as the historiographical debates on soldiers’ attitudes towards the war are often narrowly expressed as a binary interpretive choice, that of coercion versus consent. Bond?  In reality, while both of these notions can have some validity, they need to essay between a rose yellow be supplemented with a series of other social factors in carolina order to a rose and the yellow illuminate obedience, compliance and tenacity. It should first be noted that once men became soldiers, whatever their initial thoughts or beliefs may have been, obedience ceased largely to be a conscious choice and english, instead became a default option. Comparison Essay Between A Rose And The?  Turned from essay on corruption among politicians and sports, civilians into essay between a rose for emily yellow, combatants, their initial assent to the war became irrelevant as they were placed in the framework of armies insistent on rules and discipline, an insistence embodied by hierarchical superiors whose presence was a decisive factor for military cohesion. Carolina Essay? Many scholars have pointed to officer-men relations as a key component of soldiers’ endurance, through paternalistic forms of authority.  Of special importance were the officers in close contact with soldiers, junior and non-commissioned officers, who could exert their authority in multifold manner: by yellow, setting examples of essays courage and tenacity in combat (occasionally through stern displays of firmness including, in comparison essay between for emily rare cases, summary executions)  , by proving attentive to soldiers’ material conditions (food, comfort, drink, rest), by delivering inspiring, understanding or frightening speeches according to the military context, and by being receptive to a degree of essay on corruption consultation and bargaining  and the airing of grievances often expressed through grousing. Comparison Essay A Rose And The?  This illustrates a more general pattern that enabled combatants to endure the war: they tried to maintain peacetime habits and values so as to maintain or re-create a measure of paper bond normalcy. On the western front, trench art and newspapers, football matches and theatrical shows, drawing and writing were fundamental elements that enabled soldiers to sustain to some extent their pre-war identities.  Letter-writing, in particular, had a huge importance, as it ensured the persistence of social bonds of kinship and friendship.  These bonds were also developed in the context of military units: on a large scale through esprit de corps and regimental traditions, often grounded in local, communal or professional identities (so-called pals’ battalions in Britain);  on a smaller scale in the primary groups of a dozen or so combatants, small groups of comparison and the wallpaper men sharing dangers, hardships, but also food, drink and sleep, creating for each soldier a strong sense of duty for one’s comrades and the necessity of resolve and masculine courage.  Again, this showed the transfer, in the front lines, of previous civilian values of stoicism and compliance through hard work, as many soldiers developed, rather than an debt essay overt and between a rose for emily and the, abstract patriotic or dynastic commitment, a kind of tangible professional consciousness towards their war duty.  On an individual level, soldiers developed many psychological coping strategies, among which forced gaiety and carolina questions, derision, fatalism, self-deception and religious or superstitious practices were especially important.  These collective and individual efforts in comparison order to adapt and endure the south war were overseen by between a rose yellow wallpaper, the military. Armies, as institutions, showed great concern for men’s willingness to fight, and tried to debt essay manage it in two complementary manners. There were positive incentives, as armies learned to control time and space in order to avoid keeping troops in the front lines for too long, grudgingly granting leave and between and the yellow, rest policies after the first year of war, giving soldiers a manageable horizon of expectations.  Courage, patriotism, and willingness to terms bond fight were also positively sanctioned through medals, decorations and comparison between for emily and the yellow, distinctions of on corruption among politicians and sports stars great symbolic importance.  But there was also a negative, coercive aspect to between a rose yellow the upholding of cohesion and obedience. If coercion never was the argumentative about sole factor of soldiers’ endurance, it nonetheless existed in conspicuous forms, as all armies retained the capacity to inflict brutal, degrading, and often highly visible punishments upon enlisted personnel. Between A Rose?  These have generated a huge amount of scholarship, focusing especially on the death penalty and military executions.
All states had military tribunals and court-martials, and essay on corruption politicians stars, all armies (except for Australia) executed soldiers found guilty (among other offences) of disobedience or cowardice (with many judicial nuances according to between the different legal systems): between 1914 and 1918, eighteen soldiers were shot in the Belgian army, thirty-five in the American Expeditionary corps, at least forty-eight in the German army, 346 for narrative essays, Britain and its Dominions, around 670 for comparison and the, France, at least 750 for Italy, to which one must add dozens of executions on the spot by officers, without trial (at least 300 for Italy).  One of the functions of these executions was generally to make an example, and they were thus highly ritualized and south carolina questions, publicized, with troops having to stand to attention during executions for instance. Essay Between And The Yellow Wallpaper? But the death penalty was one extreme of south essay questions a judicial and disciplinary continuum intended to maintain obedience and cohesion. Detention, alcohol and tobacco severances, bodily punishment (the infamous Field Punishment n°1 in the British armies, consisting of tying men to a wheel or post for a few hours), confinement to barracks, extra work or drill, extended front-line duty, were some of the instruments of essay between a rose for emily and the yellow military discipline.  From late 1914 to 1917, there existed no acceptable or realistic discourse with which to express refusal of the conflict. The war’s legitimacy could not be challenged, even less so as the gigantic losses of the first months and years definitively validated complete victory as a undisputable war aim for essay about homeschooling, all warring states. Furthermore, the valorization of combatants and the despise for shirkers was so strong in comparison between and the yellow wallpaper all countries that attitudes of refusal, doubt or avoidance of the war effort, especially among military-age men, were socially disqualified.  Within this framework, all the preceding factors help one understand how, even if the war was not accepted, it could be endured.
These symbolic and material limits also explain why instances of refusal in the first years of the war were generally individual, covert and apolitical. Covert forms of refusal: Legal and stars, Illegal Exit Strategies ^ In 1915 and 1916, for those soldiers who either opposed the war or sought to escape its violence, refusal was not translated into protest or political discourse but rather in limited exit strategies. Between A Rose For Emily And The Wallpaper? Once believed to have been isolated phenomena, limited to south carolina bar exam the peculiar atmosphere of Christmas 1914, truces between front-line soldiers are now known to between a rose and the yellow wallpaper have been ubiquitous, throughout the war, despite commanding officers’ efforts to suppress them.  Even though any attempt at quantification must fail, sufficient evidence from terms bond, soldiers’ letters and from official reports shows that, as early as October 1914, a live and let live system (Tony Ashworth) could be set up, through discussions, ritualized aggression and even encounters in no man’s land.  It does not ensue that soldiers participating in those truces refused the war in a deep, ideological sense: rather that, when presented with an comparison for emily opportunity to reduce its violence and essay chopin, minimize their own exposure, they were willing to temporarily withdraw from fighting when not in the midst of major military operations.  Even if officers could in some cases close their eyes, fraternizations remained illegal and between a rose yellow wallpaper, all armies made efforts to by kate chopin suppress them. Other exit strategies could be found within the limits of military discipline. Armies themselves provided some opportunities for soldiers seeking to avoid combat or minimize their exposure to life and death in the front lines: as the war went on, new fronts were opened and essay a rose for emily wallpaper, the technical and logistical components of the military grew. This enabled many men to request a change of military affectation, or to volunteer for specific units in a hope to avoid the high casualty rates of infantry combat.
In France, younger recruits voluntarily enlisted in order to essay among and sports steer clear from the trenches: in for emily and the 1918, only 4 percent of the debt essay men enlisted for infantry units, against comparison between a rose for emily and the yellow 48 for the Navy and 32 percent for the artillery. Argumentative Essay About Homeschooling?  Other temporary exits could present themselves in the form of learning periods, exceptional leave or transfers in the factories for some soldiers whose pre-war professions could lead them to temporary or permanent posts as, for essay between a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, instance, telephone operators, translators, or cartographers.  Sick or hospital leave could also be seen as in a positive manner, all the more so as a relatively light wound (short of maiming and disfigurement) was both a visible proof of courage and a sure way out of the front lines. This led some soldiers to try various degrees of essay about homeschooling simulation, from malingering and attempting to comparison between a rose for emily yellow convince doctors one was ill, to seeking venereal disease and to actual self-inflicted wounds, “an individual form of debt essay revolt, minimal and essay yellow, apolitical.”  This could take many forms, from using infected bandages to shooting oneself in the hand or foot.  Suspicious wounds would draw the attention of south carolina essay doctors and officers liable to prosecute (sometimes wrongly) combatants. Comparison Essay A Rose Yellow Wallpaper?  This forms the basis for admittedly imperfect attempts at south carolina quantification. Prosecution statistics indicate that self-mutilation was never widespread without being negligible: 3,478 British soldiers were tried before October 1918 for between for emily and the yellow wallpaper, self-inflicted wounds, and narrative essays, 10,035 were found guilty in Italy.  Even in these relatively limited numbers this practice shows the essay between and the yellow wallpaper astonishing amount of pain some soldiers were ready to inflict on themselves in paper bond order to refuse the war. Finally, among exit strategies, desertion played an important role. Soldiers’ refusal of the war could result in the minimal and uncomplicated acts of leaving the essay between yellow front, or not returning to their units after a period of leave. However, some crucial distinctions must be made in order to debt essay make sense of this phenomenon. Essay A Rose? In reality, desertion could encompass five very different kinds of actions, highly unequal in paper bond their ease and significance.
The most common type consisted of soldiers reporting to their units with a significant delay. In this sense, the majority of deserters never intended to escape the comparison and the yellow war altogether, but merely tried to defer their return. English? According to Leonard Smith, this was partly due to the disciplinary dilemma of military justices that could not imprison and even less sentence to comparison between yellow wallpaper death large numbers of combatants for what came to debt essay be seen as minor offences, away from the comparison essay between for emily wallpaper front, in about homeschooling the context of a widening dearth of men.  A second, less common attitude, was that of deserters whose defection was intended as permanent, and sought to hide in the rear, among relatives (when fighting took place in their own country, as was the case for Frenchmen, Italians, and for some Russians or Poles), trying to avoid police and gendarmerie or carabinieri forces on the lookout for men of military age.  This practice was much more difficult as it flew in the face of accepted social norms and gendered roles, and such deserters were far less numerous. A third kind of comparison yellow desertion, marking a steeper form of refusal of the war, consisted of flight towards neutral countries (Germans towards Denmark or The Netherlands, Frenchmen towards Spain, Switzerland being a central destination).  It was an extreme and english narrative essays, rare undertaking, as it meant almost certain judicial sentencing ( in absentia ) and comparison between for emily and the wallpaper, renouncing to one’s entire social ties and past. South Bar Exam Questions? Finally, the most severely condemned and rarest sort of desertions involved the definitive choice  of a rose and the yellow defecting to the enemy, in two different ways: as a deliberate, planned, attempt to essays cross the between a rose and the wallpaper lines, generally at night or during a patrol, or in the midst of combat, in the form of a hasty surrender, sometimes visible in large offensives. In this fashion, one can interpret the huge number of captives resulting from certain operations as partial signs of growing reluctance to fight: 1 million Russian soldiers were taken prisoner during the debt essay 1915 retreat, and 380,000 Austro-Hungarian soldiers were taken captive after the Russian Brusilov offensive of June 1916.  The meaning of such acts will be further studied below in relation to certain national minorities. At this stage, two elements can be pointed out.
Desertion as a whole was quite rare for most countries, with some remarkable exceptions (the Ottoman Empire, which will be taken into account). For Britain, Germany and France, deserters - with all the caveats linked to judicial statistics that are difficult to interpret - appear never to have numbered more than 0.5 percent of men in uniform before 1918.  This, however, does not take into account the comparison essay between a rose wallpaper immeasurable phenomenon of voluntary surrender, which seems to have been more frequent on the eastern front. But in all armies, there was an unmistakable upward trend between 1914 and 1917, evidenced by on corruption among politicians and sports stars, existing statistics at for emily yellow divisional, regional or national levels: (June 1915-May 1916) (June 1916-May 1917) (June 1917-May 1918) (June 1918-Oct. 1918) Table 1: Desertion totals and desertion rates in select units and armies  The general rise in desertions from 1914 to 1917 indicates a shift in the attitudes towards war that must be studied and explained. Refusal, Revolution, Remobilization?
1917-1918 ^ Military disintegration and south carolina bar exam essay, unwillingness to essay between a rose yellow fight, mixed, in the later stages of the war, with growing vocal, ideological and politicized opposition to the very nature and existence of the conflict. From Consensus to Discontent: A changed Context ^ The year 1916 can be considered as a turning point regarding soldiers’ attitudes towards the war, with what one scholar has called a massive worsening of the mood,  especially after the huge battles fought at debt essay Verdun and on the Somme on the western front, and the costly Brusilov offensive on the eastern front. Comparison Essay Wallpaper? At the end of essay among stars 1916, military failures, social unrest and political turmoil would combine to comparison between for emily and the create a new background in south carolina bar exam questions which soldiers’ endurance and compliance became more uncertain. The first element behind this shift is the lengthening of the war. Even if many soldiers still longed for a rapid end to the conflict, by early 1916 the short-war illusion had been proven wrong, and by the end of 1916, after gigantic battles that, despite appalling casualties, failed to even minimally alter the military stalemate on the western, eastern and Italian fronts, a new level of war-weariness was reached in essay a rose for emily and the wallpaper all belligerent armies. More importantly perhaps, these military disappointments led to a hitherto unseen questioning of the war: in english each country, and on comparison essay an international scale, war aims and peace perspectives came to be discussed on unprecedented levels, starting with the German peace proposals of December 1916 followed by Wilson’s diplomatic efforts. English Narrative Essays? Internal politics became more uncertain as well: in Austria-Hungary, the essay a rose wallpaper death of Francis Joseph I, Emperor of paper terms Austria (1830-1916) weakened the between for emily already strained national fabric (November 1916); the Austrian Reichsrat and Russian Duma convened, for the first time, in late 1916, becoming a platform for voicing criticism.
In Britain, a political crisis led to the fall of Herbert Henry Asquith’s (1852-1928) government, as one of his ministers, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne (1845-1927), openly questioned the war in his Memorandum written on 13 November 1916. These events, still uncertain and english narrative essays, scattered, started to comparison between question the - until then - unassailable fact of the war’s continuation until a victorious ending. This did not pass unnoticed by frontline soldiers, as correspondence, newspapers and leave could inform them of the changing political landscape. Pacifism - in its widest possible sense - therefore ceased to be entirely confined to the remote world of isolated urban working-class militants. Soldiers’ desire for an end to the war and political discourse bent on hastening it, slowly started to converge. In France, the south carolina bar exam essay questions pacifist deputy Pierre Brizon (1878-1923) received over 150 letters from the front, applauding him in his refusal of the war.  In Russia, the chief of the Petrograd postal censorship commission wrote, in November 1916: It is for emily and the wallpaper impossible not to notice in the letters both to and from the army the increasingly sharp manifestations of dissatisfaction with the essay by kate internal political situation in connection with the general disorganization of the home front and the ever increasing prices of objects of prime necessity. Yellow?  At the debt essay end of 1916, two powerful trends intersected, both linked to the lengthening of the war: the cumulative strain that wore down men and units, their willingness to go on and their military cohesion on the one hand; the rise of dissent and socio-political strife that would provide the framework and between yellow, vocabulary hitherto lacking in argumentative essay about order to refuse the between a rose for emily yellow war, on the other. Between Mutiny and Revolution in 1917 ^ In 1917 initial acceptance and tenacious compliance gave way, in on corruption politicians stars almost all armies, to comparison essay yellow wallpaper instances of debt essay collective protest, in comparison essay between the wake of the debt essay February revolution in between a rose for emily and the Russia. Essay Politicians? These protests and mutinies were dissimilar in shape, extent and consequences. Instances of open revolt or mutiny had been exceedingly rare before 1917. Some battalions had refused to leave the a rose for emily wallpaper trenches for attacks, in 1915 and terms, 1916, at Verdun for example, yet without voicing protests, political of pacifist demands.  These occurrences of comparison essay between a rose for emily and the yellow refusal to debt essay fight - without refusing the war - grew more frequent in the Russian army during the fall and winter of 1916, as it experienced a rash of mutinies, like that of the 20 th Siberian Rifle Division in Latvia on comparison essay between a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper 23 December 1916.  The Russian army’s war-weariness coalesced with civilian demands for bread and south, peace during the comparison between a rose and the demonstrations of essay politicians and sports stars February 1917 (March, in essay between yellow the western Gregorian calendar used here), leading to the first Russian revolution.  This event was to carolina bar exam have massive consequences for the Russian army and for all belligerents.
In Russia, soldiers’ committees were established, as the Petrograd Soviet issued its order n°1 effectively dissolving traditional discipline and officers’ authority (14 March 1917). While the comparison Provisional Government intended to continue the war, this position was partially challenged by the Soviet’s appeal to the people of the world for terms, a peace without annexations or indemnities (27 March 1917), still justifying a defensive war in comparison a rose for emily and the wallpaper order to protect the revolution. This translated in soldiers’ attitudes toward the war: while desertions remained limited, there was a massive spread of fraternization, and a renewed hope for an end to the conflict, evidenced in the twenty instances of mutiny between March and May 1917. The overthrow of discipline and yearning for peace in the Russian army provided the background for unrest and protest among other armies in the spring and summer of 1917, while new waves of strikes affected France, Britain, Germany and Italy, and with the perspective of a third socialist pacifist conference (after Zimmerwald in 1915 and Kienthal in 1916) to be held in June 1917 in chopin Stockholm. Comparison Between For Emily And The?  In Italy, some units went into open refusal of combat: on 21 March 1917, near Gorizia, the 38 th regiment of the Ravenna brigade was ordered back to among politicians the trenches despite dreadful losses and insufficient leave in the previous months: soldiers erupted into violent protest, refusing to advance and comparison a rose yellow, discharging their weapons in the air. Similar incidents occurred in May 1917, with the most serious instance of refusal in the Italian army taking place on the night of 15-16 July 1917, when the by kate chopin Catanzaro brigade went into armed revolt in Friuli leaving between twelve and thirty dead. Some soldiers shouted pacifist slogans (Long live anarchy, we want peace, long live Russia, down with the war), prompting the authorities to fear a non-existent socialist conspiracy, and to a harsh repression.  In May to June 1917, the French army was confronted with a wave of mutinies in more than 110 units, comprising two-thirds of infantry divisions. Comparison Between A Rose Yellow? Soldiers behind the lines refused their officers’ orders to advance to the trenches, often staging protests and demonstrations with the use of red flags and the singing of The International . This wave of protest spread in the wake of the failed Chemin des Dames offensive (16 April 1917) and peaked in the early days of June 1917.
Soldiers’ refusal of the war during the south carolina bar exam essay questions mutinies has led to much discussion, as early studies sought to comparison between a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper minimize it in order to praise the role of Philippe Petain (1856-1951), or the patriotic and republican commitment of French citizen soldiers.  But there was a subversive, pacifist and political aspect to the mutinies as well, visible in the dozen attempts of mutineers to board trains for Paris in order to argumentative about homeschooling demand peace from deputies, in the unequivocal slogan down with the comparison essay a rose and the war, in the sometimes overtly militant tone of chants and demands (long live the revolution, we want immediate peace). Argumentative About Homeschooling?  The mutinies were suppressed by a mixture of firm repression (around thirty soldiers were shot, several hundred deported in colonial penitentiaries, many more were jailed) and concessions (a better leave policy), while further offensives had to between a rose and the yellow be hastily abandoned.  These events, that German commanders failed to exploit,  had a small counterpart in the German navy with the “politicization of naval unrest”  leading to mutiny in the summer of 1917 in Wilhelmshaven, for which two sailors were shot.  There were no such instances of pacifist protests among British troops, where the strains of the war nonetheless produced limited disciplinary breakdowns. In June 1917, combatants stationed in chopin Kent formed a Soldiers and Workers council,  and on essay a rose for emily yellow 9-12 September 1917, the military camp at Etaples, where discipline was resented, erupted into revolt, in what amounted more to a riot, with shades of collective bargaining in khaki, than a mutiny.  Similar events affected colonial (Egyptian and Chinese) workers behind the British front.  The pattern of violent disorder within armies in 1917 was finally illustrated by the Russian expeditionary corps’ mutiny in the center of France. Russian troops in France, numbering 16,000 men, had been heavily influenced by the Revolution and were therefore isolated in late June 1917 in narrative the military camp of La Courtine, hundreds of kilometers from the front. French troops surrounded the camp in August and led an assault (16 to 18 September 1917) with uncertain but high casualties.  All these instances of comparison a rose and the yellow violent refusal had commonalities and differences. They took place in a volatile context where soldiers grasped at rumors and news that seemed to indicate the argumentative about possibility of an end to the war, justifying efforts and comparison between for emily yellow wallpaper, attempts at collective action. They were almost never led or organized by political movements, yet could be influenced by pacifist demands as they provided a ready vocabulary for soldiers’ longing for peace. But they were also constrained by a disciplinarian apparatus that remained efficient, and most of all by a military setting that prevented prolonged protest, as units were scattered, and could not abandon their positions without risk to essay among politicians stars themselves and their comrades.
This explains why most cases of between a rose for emily yellow protest took place among troops ordered back to the lines rather than among those in actual combat situation, where, apart from essay by kate chopin, truces, disobedience was simply not an comparison essay between a rose and the option. Paper Terms Bond? Finally, the year 1917 showed a continued rise in desertion, which can be seen through two major cases. In the Italian army, the massive number of men taken prisoner (300,000) by the Austro-Germans after their offensive on Caporetto (October 1917) was judged, at the time, as evidence of the soldiers’ unwillingness to fight. This has been disproved by modern scholars  but nonetheless illustrates the extent to which Italian authorities were scared of complete military collapse due to soldiers’ refusal of the essay a rose yellow wallpaper war, a fear that the Bolshevik revolution (at the exact same time) would only strengthen. This military collapse was the paper terms fate of the Ottoman army. By December 1917, over 300,000 of its men - around one in eight - had deserted, because of military exhaustion, lack of pay, nourishment and clothing.  It was the first case of military disintegration as a result of individual soldiers’ refusal to go on fighting, that would be further evidenced in the final year of the war. And The? Between Disintegration and Remobilization in 1918 ^ The year 1918 saw intensified fighting, as a renewed war of movement ultimately led to the military collapse of Austria-Hungary and Germany. Soldiers’ attitudes were affected by the short-term changes in the military situation, ensuring their renewed willingness to fight in what seemed to be, at last, decisive battles, yet they continued to be influenced by english narrative, the longer trends previously evidenced of war-weariness and political protest against between for emily the war, explaining their participation in the revolutionary events at essay the end of the year in the defeated countries. Faced in 1917 with military protest and revolutionary risk, many political leaders pursued peace initiatives, internal (the Peace resolution of the Reichstag in July 1917) and external (peace feelers and covert negotiations.)  But at the end of 1917, these diplomatic overtures had proved futile while the revolutionary danger seemed yet stronger in the shape of the for emily and the yellow Bolshevik revolution.
In a further political shift, shattering the political truces of 1914, new governments were formed - by Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929) in essays France, Georg von Hertling (1843-1919) in Germany, and Vittorio Orlando (1860-1952) in Italy, for instance, all taking charge in October or November 1917 - with a renewed commitment to war until victory, leading to essay between wallpaper the repression of dissent and pacifism. This also led to attempts at ideological remobilization in the army, such as patriotic instruction (in Germany) or political education (among British troops).  But the prospect of peace was redefined in the Fourteen points speech of American President Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) on 8 January 1918, drawing considerable attention as it provided a new vocabulary with which to oppose the essay on corruption politicians and sports war, on comparison essay between and the liberal and national grounds. Most importantly, peace had actually been attained on the eastern front, with the Brest-Litovsk armistice (15 December 1917) and peace (3 March 1918). This had a major, if paradoxical, impact on the Central powers. Indeed, Germany and debt essay, Austria-Hungary, despite dire social and economic conditions, and growing anti-war movements, began the year with strong positions on the western front, huge territorial gains on the Italian front following Caporetto, and complete victory over comparison between for emily yellow wallpaper, Russia in the east. This, however, was a partial cause for further refusal of the south bar exam essay questions war. Comparison Essay Between A Rose For Emily? On the Austro-Hungarian naval base of Kotor / Cattaro (Montenegro), the carolina bar exam questions sailors’ overwhelming desire for peace sparked a violent mutiny in early February 1918. Comparison Between A Rose For Emily Yellow Wallpaper? Mutineers hoisted red flags and placed political demands for democratization, national emancipation and english, peace on the basis of the Fourteen points.  This isolated protest failed but it illustrated a more general unwillingness to comparison between for emily wallpaper go on with the english narrative essays war. In the Austro-Hungarian army, many men expected to be released from essay between a rose for emily yellow wallpaper, service in bond the spring of 1918 due to the victories in comparison essay between a rose for emily and the the east.
When ordered back to the front, they undertook open revolts, leading to essay by kate chopin drastic increases in desertion (230,000 deserters in the summer of comparison for emily yellow 1918).  The final German offensives, starting on 21 March 1918, initiated the last stage of the war, seven months of essay questions mobile warfare that made open revolt or fraternization implausible, and that eventually led to the military disintegration of the between a rose for emily and the wallpaper German and Austro-Hungarian armies. The behavior of soldiers during these spring attacks is not easy to interpret, as there are sure signs of remobilization, combatants on each side being conscious that victory and defeat were directly at stake. In Germany, initial optimism was generally high,  even if some soldiers proved reluctant to be transferred towards the western front. English Essays?  In France, munitions workers stopped their strikes when it appeared that they might cause defeat; and the renewed invasion of French territory, especially after the German breakthrough of 27 May 1918, could be an incentive to continue fighting. Similarly, British troops, once recovered from the initial shock, also proved resilient. But these attacks took their toll on already exhausted troops. Essay Between A Rose And The Yellow Wallpaper? They also led to panics or massive surrenders among the defenders (21,000 for the British on 21 March 1918, a hitherto unseen figure)  and to bond discouragement and comparison a rose for emily and the yellow, disillusion among the attackers. The summer of 1918, with the bond successful allied counteroffensives (beginning on 18 July 1918) marked a final turning point. There were instances of refusal on the allied side, with Australian troops of the 59 th battalion and comparison essay and the wallpaper, then 1 st battalion refusing to advance because they were not getting a fair deal on 5 and 21 September 1918.  But for German soldiers, who had expected their attacks to essay by kate chopin be decisive, there was no longer any foreseeable path to victory. At this stage, in essay a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper a context of severe lack of supplies and material hardship, the essay among politicians stars central powers’ armies crumbled into mass desertion and surrender.  Evidence of this mass desertion has recently been discussed, as Wilhelm Deist’s notion that the German soldiers conducted a covert military strike with as much as 1 million deserters in essay between for emily and the late 1918 has been challenged by Christoph Jahr and Alexander Watson, the latter insisting that the German army dissolved through ordered surrenders by officers rather than through a disappearance of south essay discipline.  There is little doubt, however, of the rise in individual refusals, as deserters fled by the thousand to neutral countries, roamed the capital, looted train stations and essay between for emily and the yellow wallpaper, ceased to obey orders  - a situation much similar to that of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman armies.
The last stages of debt essay refusal were at a rose and the wallpaper once political and military: in Austria-Hungary, Charles I, Emperor of Austria’s (1887-1922) October manifesto alluding to the autonomy of the state’s national components led to a final disintegration of the chopin army along national lines. In Germany, it was in the highly politicized community of working-class sailors, that refusal to comparison a rose yellow wallpaper obey orders for debt essay, a last, and doomed, naval battle, led to the late October / early November 1918 mutinies in comparison between a rose wallpaper Wilhelmshaven and Kiel that ignited the German Revolution.  As in Russia, a year earlier, soldiers’ unwillingness to go on with a hopeless conflict had precipitated the downfall of a political regime which had staked its survival on debt essay a victorious war. Interpreting and explaining acceptance and refusal ^ A chronological overview cannot fully explain the subtle variations of obedience and disobedience, of acceptance and comparison between a rose for emily and the yellow, refusal in the different armies. These were also influenced by specific factors that relate to argumentative essay homeschooling combatants’ prior social, national and ideological identities, and to their specific war experiences. Military Configuration and Unit Solidarity ^ Soldiers’ attitudes toward the war must never be considered in the abstract, as if they were entirely autonomous individuals, free to debate and accept or refuse war as an external entity.
Once they became soldiers, choices were limited by the very context of war, and especially by the proximity of fire and danger. In the front lines, war is a physical reality that can hardly be escaped. As seen before, truces and fraternizations could only exist when permitted by the lack of major operations, and in comparison essay between a rose and the yellow wallpaper many cases officers made sure, via raids or artillery bombardments, that the front remained “active.”  The possibility of voluntary surrender, alluded to paper terms above, was always risky as in between a rose for emily and the wallpaper the midst of combat, intentions and actions could be misinterpreted, while occurrences of prisoners simply being executed, while not general, were frequent enough to make one think twice.  And abandoning one’s post or refusing to attack could have dire disciplinary or judicial consequences. In short, in the front lines, obedience and combativeness were the most obvious and generally the essay on corruption politicians and sports only realistic options, independently of soldiers’ opinions on comparison essay between and the yellow the war and its continuation.  Even hard bouts of combat did not automatically result in war-weariness or disillusion: soldiers could also experience a desire for retaliation.  Their will to fight was also largely derived from appropriate training, as it helped them overcome their fears, uncertainties and inadequacies. It has been convincingly argued that training should be taken into account, along with consent, coercion and group solidarity, as a decisive factor in securing men’s obedience.  A third military factor that influenced acceptance and paper terms bond, refusal was the management of manpower, and of rest. When periods of leave could not be implemented, major problems could arise: one of the general factors that led to the May / June 1917 mutinies in France was a drastic restriction of leave policy.  And manpower shortages in the final stages of the war played a considerable part in comparison for emily yellow wallpaper the central powers’ military collapse, as they were unable to relieve fighting units and to allocate rest or leave periods, thus accelerating their demise. South Carolina?  This revealed the inherent paradox in comparison between a rose for emily and the the small-group argument for military cohesion, as these groups are inevitably worn down by the very attritional warfare they help endure.  A key element in about attempts to maintain high cohesion among fighting troops was the presence of experienced and trusted officers. As seen before, officer-men relations go a long way in determining attitudes towards the comparison between a rose for emily and the war, as even skeptic or indifferent soldiers could be swayed by chopin, charismatic and comparison essay a rose for emily and the, efficacious officers.
In a letter to his parents on 20 August 1914, an paper bond otherwise wary French recruit wrote of comparison and the yellow his captain: I would get myself killed for such a man.  But major offensives disorganized unit hierarchies, and some armies suffered severe shortages of competent officers: Austria-Hungary and Russia as early as 1915, Italy in 1916. Argumentative Essay About Homeschooling?  In France, the arrival of new, inexperienced officers among disgruntled troops who therefore had little trust in them was also a factor in comparison for emily and the yellow the 1917 mutinies.  The same can be said for the Austrian and German naval mutinies of 1918, where sailors’ refusal was made easier by argumentative about, their estrangement from their officers.  In the Russian army, distrust for officers, especially those thought to be of German descent, was also widespread before the 1917 revolutions.  Another military factor of acceptance and refusal was armies’ capacity to feed, clothe and equip soldiers appropriately. Motivation for offensives was more easily obtained when combatants felt that appropriate material preparations were made, with regard to a rose yellow artillery guns, or new weapons such as tanks. These played a part in debt essay the cautious optimism of many French soldiers before the spring 1917 offensive, as did the special training received by some German troops before the final 1918 offensives.  Conversely, the lack of supplies and even of basic clothing strongly contributed to the alarming desertion rates in essay between a rose for emily the Central powers and their allies (the Ottoman Empire) in 1918. Essay About?  Political and Ideological Beliefs ^ The men who entered the war in 1914 had very different sets of beliefs and comparison a rose for emily and the yellow, ideals. For some, war found a natural place in a nationalist or patriotic world view; for others, it was difficult to renounce pacifist ideals, whether derived from religious or political (liberal, socialist) ideals. In some cases, these views directly influenced their war experience and their degree of acceptance. One must first take into account the numerous cases of men whose volunteering corresponded to debt essay political ideals. In 1914, around 15,000 foreigners living in between for emily yellow wallpaper France or abroad volunteered in the French army, in some cases in order to become French citizens, but sometimes for relatively abstract political ideals, like the debt essay defense of the Enlightenment and comparison essay between and the, the Rights of man which prompted some Peruvian, Chilean or Brazilian enlistments or the formation of a Garibaldian corps from (then) neutral Italy.  Things were more difficult for argumentative about, pacifists at the outbreak of war, especially where conscientious objection was not recognized. In France, relatively few working-class socialists were present in the trenches, being more useful in armament and munitions factories; but what records remain of socialist and pacifist trajectories in essay between a rose for emily and the wallpaper the front lines show men willing to fight yet still acting as bootleggers of socialist culture reading pamphlets out loud or writing to their deputies. English Narrative Essays?  In Germany, Bavarian union members with pacifist leanings were nonetheless strongly opposed to autocratic Russia, and in the initial stages of the war, their sense of union discipline tended to reinforce their military commitment.  More research would be necessary in order to draw more general conclusions, but it appears that ideological commitment to peace could be reconciled with a minimal participation in the war.
Even where conscientious objection was recognized (Germany and Russia in 1914, Britain from 1916, the USA from 1917), opposition on political and ideological grounds proved extremely difficult. Many religious exemptions were given, for comparison essay between a rose for emily yellow, instance to Quakers, but tribunals often judged applicants with harshness. In Britain, there were approximately 16,000 objectors, of south carolina bar exam questions whom 10,000 accepted to serve in non-combatant duties. Many others were sentenced to prison, with severe consequences: ten men died in jail, and an additional fifty-nine from the conditions of their detention.  Yet it could be supposed that in the British and American cases, these legal exits from the war for essay between yellow, those who ideologically refused it, however limited and difficult, played a part in essays preserving their armies from cases of open refusal. If one wonders why the French army massively mutinied in 1917 and the British army remained relatively calm, this might constitute a partial explanation, as politicized soldiers did play a role in instances of collective disobedience. It was not, however, the organizing role generally suspected by officers keen on seeking ring-leaders and wary of conspiracies. Mutineers were never the emissaries of pacifist movements. But when protest broke out, soldiers who had been militant and were politicized could coordinate action and become spokesmen.  Those combatants with prior experience of collective action, strikes or protest helped shape the comparison between a rose and the movement, as did the militant sailors of working-class backgrounds on mutinous German ships in 1917 and 1918. And of essay politicians stars course politicized soldiers and officers had a prominent role in soldiers’ councils during the 1917 revolutions in Russia.  This explains why political consciousness became an a rose for emily and the yellow issue for military staffs by 1917, as they set up patriotic or political talks, leaflets to be distributed among the carolina bar exam essay troops, propaganda efforts with clearly thought-out talking points.  In 1917-1918, it was the war itself that had taken new political meanings. Comparison Essay Between A Rose For Emily And The Yellow? Rank and Class: The Social Differentiations behind Obedience and Consent ^ To what degree were national loyalties a motivation for soldiers?
Or, to be more precise, for which soldiers did this component of the war prove effective? While this is about still the essay a rose for emily object of argumentative about some contention, several studies have shown that patriotism was not homogenously shared within warring nations, but was first and foremost felt by social elites and middle-class urban dwellers, whereas national sentiment was more remote for rural and a rose and the yellow, working-class soldiers. In a path-breaking study of bourgeois intellectuals’ war experiences among other ranks in the French army, Nicolas Mariot has shown the huge divide between representations of the war at essay stars one end of the social spectrum (among literate, wealthy intellectuals, many of whom were or became officers, and whose patriotism was a strong, vibrant, frequently expressed and clearly outlined motivation), and the more ordinary compliance of peasants, manual workers, servants and shopkeepers who made up the comparison between for emily wallpaper bulk of the French infantry.  In their case, national sentiment was not necessarily lacking: simply put, it generally was not in play during the war, as they proved indifferent to patriotic proclamations and discourses, sought exit strategies and hoped for an end to the war, while their endurance was primarily due to a sense of duty, courage, and politicians, comradeship far remote from the abstract patriotism found among the elites. This finding is essay for emily and the yellow wallpaper confirmed by many studies regarding French soldiers: whereas trench journals, overwhelmingly written by officers and middle-class combatants, reflect patriotic values,  empirical research on rural soldiers has shown them to be massively indifferent to the war’s patriotic justification, if not to its outcome.  This sharp social divide in the attitudes toward the war, between acceptance on debt essay the part of the higher and middle classes, and comparison between for emily and the yellow, indifference or sullen endurance among peasants and manual workers, is visible in most countries. The clearest cases are the Russian and argumentative essay about homeschooling, Italian armies, where the nation’s very construction was still thought of as incomplete before the war, due to the weakness of state administration and schooling, incapable of ascribing modern national identities and values among peasant communities. In both these armies, soldiers’ participation to the war was, throughout, involuntary and reluctant. Comparison Between And The?  But this does not mean that, deprived of a national goal or stake these peasant-soldiers were more necessarily prone to refusal or disobedience, even if the events of 1917 showed these two armies to carolina essay be fragile. Comparison Essay A Rose Wallpaper? In its way, in argumentative essay Italy, the essay for emily and the yellow wallpaper peasant-catholic society was an by kate chopin extraordinary school of obedience and acceptation of one’s fate.  In Germany, too the contrasts are visible between urban or middle-class soldiers and essay between a rose for emily yellow wallpaper, poorer, rural recruits. Students of bourgeois background are over-represented among the 1914 volunteers,  and in his case study of Bavarian combatants, Benjamin Ziemann made a forceful case for the passivity and indifference of peasant soldiers, exemplified by the higher rates of self-inflicted wounds. The social divide between these men and their socially superior officers would be widened, in essay on corruption among politicians and sports the later stages of the comparison essay for emily yellow wallpaper war, by south essay, differences in pay and rations that would fuel “officer-hate” with shades of class resentment.  Finally, British volunteering statistics allow one to draw much the same conclusions, showing the between and the “reluctance of argumentative about homeschooling rural men to come forward”  whereas, enlistment rates proved higher for educated and middle-class professions. 40 percent of the professional and commercial classes enlisted, against 27 percent in comparison essay between a rose yellow wallpaper industry and 22 percent in agriculture.
The exposure of the urban middle classes to the influences of the press, to essay by kate the appeal to escape the office routine of for emily and the yellow wallpaper bourgeois life, was not without its effect.  While additional data would certainly be welcome, this comparative overview clearly indicates that acceptance and refusal of the by kate war were socially differentiated. Essay Between And The Yellow Wallpaper? Social elites, whether by schooling (Public-school students and on corruption among stars, graduates in Britain; Normaliens in essay for emily yellow wallpaper France)  or economic status, were generally willing participants of the debt essay war because they were able to envision it in national terms, thinking of their duty and their responsibility with a patriotic vocabulary. It should be noted that these visions had a lasting effect on the way historians reconstructed attitudes toward the war, as these social elites left large quantities of easily accessible and well-written documents (letters, memoirs, novels), leading many researchers to believe that their stated patriotic beliefs were in fact shared by all soldiers.  But, on the contrary, these representations distinguished them from more ordinary soldiers - the petty employees, peasants, manual workers, servants who made up the vast majority of their countries’ infantries, and for whom national loyalties were almost never altogether absent but generally not a motivational factor during the ordeal of 1914-1918. Minorities, National Integration and the Attitudes towards war ^ National and dynastic allegiances were crucial to the war effort, but often proved ambiguous. For some (French or German Jews for instance), the war could be seen as a means of national integration; for comparison essay between a rose for emily and the yellow, others, on argumentative essay about homeschooling the contrary, the war could be seen as an comparison between yellow wallpaper obstacle to national hopes or aspirations: Czechs and Slovaks within the among politicians and sports Habsburg Empire, for example, could show reluctance towards a war that led them to fight other Slavs in comparison between a rose and the yellow Russian uniforms. Colonial soldiers formed a specific group whose loyalties could also prove uncertain. Armies and political leaders were acutely conscious of these ambiguities, and essay among politicians and sports stars, often suspected national minorities and specific ethnic groups of being unreliable or disloyal. The degree of national integration of groups and individuals was therefore a key variable in determining not only acceptance and refusal towards the war, but also the between a rose way these attitudes were perceived and in some cases punished. At the outbreak of war, contrary to many beliefs, minority groups did not resist in the conflict in a significant way.
The sole serious instance of refusal took place in the British Dominion of South Africa, where, as a legacy of the Boer wars, some 12,000 Afrikaners rose up in rebellion in south bar exam questions the autumn of 1914.  In Ireland, where the Home Rule issue had been the source of unrest and comparison between and the wallpaper, political uncertainty up until the summer of 1914, both unionist and nationalists initially supported the war, and around 200,000 Irishmen volunteered, with rates close to those of rural England.  In an even more striking display of national loyalty by often marginalized minorities, French and German Jews clearly supported the war, in the belief that their dutiful and willing involvement in south carolina bar exam questions the conflict would eliminate the remaining barriers and stereotypes.  And in the USA in 1917, with a large part of the population born overseas, immigrants volunteered for the war in accordance with their national aspirations: 40 percent of the first 100,000 applicants for a rose for emily yellow, the draft were Polish, hoping to essay participate in their nation’s liberation.  But some cases proved more ambiguous. French Canadians were far less eager to volunteer than English-speakers, of whom many were immigrants born in Britain, willing to comparison essay wallpaper cross the ocean for the defense of the former country, whereas France and its anticlerical policy held less appeal for strongly catholic Quebec. French Canadians thus represented 35 percent of the population, but only 5 percent of volunteers.  In Russia, Finns were not conscripted, and essays, other national groups were dispersed within units.  In Austria-Hungary, where the issue of minorities’ loyalty was simply vital to the survival of the state, the statistical success of comparison yellow wallpaper mobilization did not dispel worries and uncertainties. A degree of Czech reluctance was visible at the beginning of the war: in Prague on 22 September 1914, two battalions left for the front under a Czech flag, displaying we are marching against the Russians and we do not know why.  This sustained the terms bond preexisting fears of disobedience along national lines, that received apparent confirmation in the spring of 1915, when the collapse of the 28 th and essay between for emily and the yellow wallpaper, 36 th (Czech) infantry regiments against Russian troops were deemed suspicious by the Austro-Hungarian high command.  Authorities were therefore encouraged in argumentative essay about homeschooling their increasingly strict policies of surveillance and geographical distribution: they qualified some ethno-linguistic groups, including the Italians, as politically unreliable, and tried to avoid placing Slavic troops against Russian armies. Conversely, they had more success when they placed Croat (who were generally thought of as reliable) and Slovene soldiers on the Italian front after Italy’s entry into comparison for emily yellow, the war in May 1915, partly because these men realized what they had to debt essay lose in case of an comparison essay between yellow Italian victory and annexation of Adriatic territories. By Kate Chopin?  Nevertheless, the national question proved harrowing throughout the essay between a rose yellow wallpaper war for Austria-Hungary, as there were clear instances of refusal on national basis. In 1915-1916, entire Czech, but also Ruthene and Polish battalions were surrendering to the enemy without a fight.  In the Navy, minority affiliations played little part in the Cattaro revolt of debt essay 1918, but led to smaller incidents such as the mutiny on a torpedo boat led by two sailors of Slovene and essay between a rose for emily yellow, Czech origin on 5 October 1917.  In the wake of the October 1918 defeat at Vittorio Veneto, minorities, subject to powerful propaganda efforts by bond, the allies, ultimately refused to between and the yellow wallpaper go on fighting for a dynasty that had lost its last unifying figure two years earlier with the death of Emperor Francis Joseph. Argumentative Essay About?  The strained loyalties of comparison essay between a rose for emily minority groups, as the war went on, are further exemplified in the case of the Alsatians-Lorrainers in the German army and the Flemish in the Belgian army. Some 380,000 men from Alsace and the part of Lorraine annexed by Germany in paper bond 1871 fought in the war, but with noticeably small enthusiasm: there were few volunteers in essay between a rose yellow 1914 (around 8,000), whereas 17,250 men managed to enlist across the border, in the French army. In order to by kate prevent desertions towards France (precise rates are uncertain), they were mostly assigned to the eastern front. When repatriated, some mutinied on March and May 1918, in one instance with the singing of the Marseillaise , and on the other with plans to desert.  The Belgian case shows how refusal can be linked to resentment within a complex nation-state: Flemish-speaking soldiers represented around 60 percent of combatants, whereas the hierarchy was overwhelmingly francophone.
This led to political action among Flemish catholic elites, in the form of the frontist movement ( Frontbeweging ),  and explains the steep difference of origin among deserters: 93 percent of the 141 Belgian soldiers who defected to the enemy were Flemish. Comparison Essay Between And The Yellow Wallpaper?  Within an older, relatively homogeneous nation-state such as France, regional identities played a smaller role. South? What data exists shows that deaths in combat as well as desertions were quite evenly distributed geographically, even if border counties tend to have slightly higher desertion rates (4.25 percent of conscripts for Pyrenees-Orientales, against a national average of 2.25 percent).  But France, like Britain, was an comparison essay a rose for emily and the wallpaper imperial power and bond, enlisted colonial soldiers. These men’s attitudes towards the essay between yellow war have not been sufficiently studied, due in paper part to a lack of first-person written sources, but nonetheless show that instances of refusal, while not necessarily more prevalent, were punished more harshly. The mutiny of 5 th (Native) Light Infantry in the Indian army in Singapore, on February 1915, led to thirty-seven executions. It appears to have been linked more to leadership issues and insufficient rations than to a protest against the war or the colonial order.  A similarly harsh treatment was handed to Tunisian soldiers, whose refusal to fight near Ypres in December 1914 led to summary shootings, ten men being picked randomly for execution.  Refusal along ideological lines could be present, in some cases: in the French army, a Lieutenant from comparison essay for emily yellow, Algeria, Rabah Boukabouya, deserted to the German lines on 15 April 1915, and argumentative, became a spokesman for a revolt of Muslim soldiers in the French and British armies, with little success. Essay And The Wallpaper?  But for the majority of colonial soldiers, compliance, and not refusal, remained the south questions norm, as some even hoped that loyal service in the army could ameliorate their economic status or even lend support to their political agenda, after the war.  A measure of humility is necessary in concluding on this topic. Comparison Essay Between A Rose For Emily Yellow? We will never know with any degree of certainty what soldiers thought, felt, believed or hoped between 1914 and 1918. Paper Terms? Most of them left no record of their attitudes toward the war, and many others left ambiguous or contradictory traces of their perceptions. Yet this does not mean in any way that their tenacity remains a mystery.
The questions ceaselessly asked by a rose for emily wallpaper, historians, How did they hold?, Why did they fight?, are, to some extent, disingenuous. They fought because it was normal, as soldiers in a war, to do so, and most of them found ways to essay among cope with the strains of combat. In 1914-1918, as in all other conflicts, military obedience was the norm, mutiny and a rose and the, refusal were the exception. Unlike in 1914, there were no joyous celebrations of the war in carolina bar exam London, Paris or Berlin in September 1939. But soldiers fought all the same. And when French reserve soldiers were called up for comparison between for emily and the, service in Algeria, in 1955-1956, in a deeply unpopular war that was vocally opposed by some parties and unions, they complied.  The compulsion to on corruption politicians stars fight was even stronger during the Great War, because to refuse, in comparison a rose yellow the initial stages of the argumentative about war, would have meant defying or tearing oneself from the entire social fabric, military and domestic, bent on adhering to and participating in the conflict. The response to the outbreak of the war must be seen as proof of the extraordinary success in the century-long process of between a rose for emily yellow wallpaper constructing modern states and, within them, national or dynastic identities and loyalties, that left little choice to individuals in the summer of 1914. This became even more obvious after the english narrative essays first few weeks of comparison essay for emily and the wallpaper fighting as casualties mounted in a horrifying way and essay homeschooling, would only appear redeemed by complete victory, rendering unimaginable the prospects of peace, negotiation, compromise or refusal. It does not ensue that soldiers, as individuals, “accepted” the comparison between for emily and the yellow war as the essay about war simply was there, whether soldiers accepted it or not.
At best, they could find ways to endure the war, seeking solace in wartime bonds with the rear, their chiefs and their comrades, adapting to difficult conditions while bending to comparison essay a rose strict discipline. Among Politicians Stars? Within this general framework, some soldiers, endowed with specific national, political or social identities, such as students or intellectuals, spoke, wrote or acted with conscious approbation. Similarly, the specific dispositions of essay between a rose and the yellow minority national groups or of socialist militants could have the reverse effect, leading to debt essay increased or hastened refusal. But both these attitudes remained marginal as the majority of soldiers, from working-class or rural backgrounds, simply complied and endured, hoping for between and the wallpaper, a favorable end to the conflict. In later stages of the conflict, especially after 1916, new discourses and practices of opposition became available as the english narrative essays war’s continuation was contested from inside as well as outside the military. Peace became thinkable, and various forms of protest emerged.
In 1917, in particular, in a fluid political context and faced with a prolonged military stalemate, most armies experienced a degree of mutiny and of soldiers’ refusal to go on fighting. But it was only where the attitudes of the soldiers combined and converged with that of essay between and the wallpaper significant social and political movements in the rear that refusal of the war could, as in Russia and Germany, effectively be carried out. After the essay war, acceptance and refusal of the war remained important topics for discussion and remembrance, in many forms: veterans’ associations sought the rehabilitation of executed soldiers, some disillusioned writers voiced their (belated) abhorrence of the war, statues and memorials paid tribute to combatants’ commitment and between a rose and the yellow wallpaper, courage, and, on different sides of the english essays political divide, mutineers or volunteers were glorified, as pacifists and nationalists fought to define the meaning of the war. But in the end, for historians, the debate on soldiers’ consent to comparison essay between a rose for emily yellow wallpaper the war is neither moral, nor political. It is rather a debate on essays their degree of agency during the conflict. This article has argued that in comparison essay the context of the First World War, it is unrealistic to view soldiers as free agents, at leisure to decide whether to participate in the conflict, and whose conscious acceptance of the essay among politicians and sports war prolonged its violence.  It points to the strength of between and the yellow states and military institutions, of social norms and interactions in shaping obedience and preventing refusal. Most of all, it stresses the inertia of the essays war, an event beyond soldiers’ reach, overwhelming and persistent, that had to comparison between and the be faced and experienced, collectively, whether one accepted or refused it as an individual.
Andre Loez, Sciences Po Paris. Essay Chopin? ^ Buton, Francois, et al.: 1914-1918: Understanding the Controversy, issued by comparison essay between for emily yellow, Laviedesidees.fr, online: http://www.booksandideas.net/1914-1918-Understanding-the.html (retrieved: 10 June 2013); Horne, John / Smith, Leonard V. / Winter, Jay: The Soldiers’ War. Coercion or Consent?, in: Winter, Jay (ed.): The Legacy of the Great War. Ninety Years On, Columbia, Missouri 2009, pp. 91-122, quoted by questions, Winter, pp. 91-92. ^ For an overview, see Strachan, Hew: The First World War: To Arms, Oxford 2001, chapter 2. ^ Boulanger, Philippe: La France devant la conscription, Paris 2001, p. 172. ^ Maurin, Jules: Armee – Guerre – Societe: Soldats languedociens (1889-1919), Paris 1982. ^ Watson, Alexander: “Voluntary Enlistment in the Great War: a European Phenomenon?” In: Kruger, Christine G./ Levsen, Sonja (eds.): War Volunteering in Modern Times. From the French Revolution to the Second World War, Basingstoke/New York 2011, p. 165. ^ Stevenson, David: 1914-1918, The History of the First World War, London 2004, p. 201. ^ Sanborn, Joshua: The Mobilization of comparison essay between a rose for emily 1914 and on corruption stars, the Question of the Russian Nation: A Re-examination, in: Slavic Review 59 (2000), pp.
267-289; Sanborn, Joshua: Drafting the comparison essay a rose Russian Nation: Military Conscription, Total War, and Mass Politics, 1905-1925, DeKalb 2011, pp. 30-31. Despite these riots, mobilization proved efficient as 96 percent of debt essay those called up reported for duty. ^ Verhey, Jeffrey: The Spirit of 1914. Militarism, Myth, and Mobilization in Germany, Cambridge 2000; Gregory, Adrian: The Last Great War. British Society and the First World War, Cambridge 2008; Strachan, The First World War: To Arms 2001; Becker, Jean-Jacques: 1914. Comment les Francais sont entres dans la guerre, Paris 1977. ^ Pourcher, Yves: Les jours de guerre. La vie des Francais au jour le jour entre 1914 et 1918, Paris 1994, chapter 1. ^ Barge, Francois: Avoir vingt ans dans les tranchees, Saint Pourcain-sur-Sioule 1984, p. 1. Essay For Emily And The Yellow? ^ Beckett, Ian F. W. / Simpson, Keith (eds): A Nation in Arms. A social study of the British Army in the First World War, Manchester 1985; Gregory, Last Great War 2008, p. 72. By Kate Chopin? ^ Ziemann, Benjamin: War Experiences in essay a rose wallpaper Rural Germany, 1914-1923, Oxford 2007 p. Debt Essay? 19; Becker, 1914. Comment les Francais 1977. ^ Horne, John / Kramer, Alan: German Atrocities, 1914. A History of Denial, New Haven et al.
2001. ^ Flood, P.J.: France 1914-18. Public Opinion and between and the wallpaper, the War Effort, London et al. 1990, pp. 7-15; Strachan, The First World War: To Arms 2001. ^ Gregory, Adrian et al.: Railway Stations: Gateways and Termini for the Metropolitan experience of essay by kate war, in: Robert, Jean-Louis / Winter, Jay (eds.), Capital Cities at War. Comparison Between A Rose Yellow Wallpaper? Paris, London, Berlin, 1914-1919, volume II, Cambridge 2007, pp. 23-56. ^ Lein, Richard: Between Acceptance and Refusal - Soldiers' Attitudes Towards War (Austria-Hungary), in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. by Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin 2014-10-08. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1546333/ie1418.10003, p. 2. English? ^ Watson, Alexander: Enduring the Great War.
Combat, Morale and Collapse in comparison essay for emily and the wallpaper the German and British Armies, 1914–1918, Cambridge 2008. Ziemann, War Experiences 2007. ^ Cru, Jean-Norton: Lettres du front et d'Amerique: 1914-1919, Aix-en-Provence 2007, p. 93. Essay By Kate Chopin? ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, p. 83. ^ Lafon, Alexandre: Obeir, contourner, refuser: les strategies devoilees par le temoignage du combattant Henri Despeyrieres, in: Loez, Andre / Mariot, Nicolas (eds): Obeir/Desobeir. Les mutineries de 1917 en perspective, Paris 2008, pp. 153-166. ^ Stevenson, 1914-1918, The History of the comparison between a rose yellow wallpaper First World War 2004, p. English Narrative Essays? 202. ^ Lein, Between Acceptance and Refusal – Soldiers’ Attitudes Towards War (Austria-Hungary), p. For Emily And The Wallpaper? 3. ^ Wildman, Allan K.: The End of the Russian Imperial Army, 2 volumes, Princeton 1980, volume 1, p. 97. Debt Essay? ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, p. 66; Cazals, Remy / Loez, Andre: 14-18, Vivre et mourir dans les tranchees, Paris 2012, p. 199. ^ Winter, Jay (ed.): The Legacy of the Great War. Ninety Years On, Columbia, Missouri 2009; Prost, Antoine / Winter, Jay: The Great War in History. Essay Between For Emily And The Yellow? Debates and Controversies 1914 to the Present, Cambridge 2005 . ^ Watson, Enduring the Great War 2008, p. 58. ^ Sheffield, Gary D.: Leadership in homeschooling the Trenches: Officer-Man Relations, Morale and Discipline in the British Army in the era of the First World War, London 2000; Saint-Fuscien, Emmanuel: A vos ordres? La relation d’autorite dans l’armee francaise de la Grande Guerre, Paris 2011; Watson, Enduring the Great War 2008; Loez, Andre: 14-18, les refus de la guerre.
Une histoire des mutins, Paris 2010; Lafon, “Obeir, contourner, refuser a travers le temoignage du combattant Henri Despeyrieres” in Loez/Mariot (eds.), Obeir/desobeir 2008. The degree of proximity between officers and men is generally thought to be higher in more democratic societies such as Australia and France, but this is debatable; Fuller, J.G.: Troop Morale and Popular Culture in the British and between for emily yellow wallpaper, Dominion Armies 1914-1918, Oxford 1991, pp. 23-51; Stanley, Peter: Bad Characters. Sex, Crime, Mutiny, Murder and the Australian Imperial Force, Sydney 2010, pp. 96-97. ^ Saint-Fuscien, Emmanuel: Forcer l’obeissance: intentions, formes et effets d’une pratique militaire dans l’activite combattante de la Grande Guerre, in: Loez / Mariot, Obeir 2008, pp. 32-46; Guerrini, Irene / Pluviano, Marco: Le fucilazioni sommarie nella prima guerra Mondiale. Paper Terms? Udine 2004. ^ McCartney, Helen: Citizen Soldiers. The Liverpool Territorials in the First World War, Cambridge 2005, p. 122. ^ The fluid nature of officer-men relations has been described, in comparison between a rose for emily and the yellow the French case, through a highly theorized model stating that the soldiers’ conditional obedience to narrative officers’ orders depended on the proportionality of military losses and comparison essay between a rose and the wallpaper, gains. See: Smith, Leonard V.: Between Mutiny and Obedience. The Case of the French Fifth Infantry Division during World War I, Princeton 1994. ^ Fuller, Troop Morale 1991; Cochet, Francois: Survivre au front, 1914-1918.
Les poilus entre contrainte et consentement, Saint-Cloud 2005; Saunders, Nicholas: Trench Art. Carolina Essay? Materialities and Memories of War, Oxford et al. Comparison Essay Yellow Wallpaper? 2003; Audoin-Rouzeau, Stephane: Men at War. National Sentiment and Trench Journalism in France during the bar exam essay questions First World War, Oxford et al. 1992 . ^ Hanna, Martha: A Republic of Letters: The Epistolary Tradition in comparison between a rose yellow wallpaper France during World War I, in: The American Historical Review 108 (2003); Prochasson, Christophe: Aimer et gouverner a distance. Le temoignage des correspondances, in: Ibid., 1914-1918 Retours d’experiences. Paris 2008, pp.
209-239. ^ Beckett / Simpson, Nation in Arms 1985; Gregory, Last Great War 2008; McCartney, Citizen Soldiers 2005. ^ Cochet, Survivre 2005; Loez, Andre: L’espace public des tranchees. Tenir sous le regard des autres en 1914-1918, in: Cazals Remy / Picard, Emmanuelle, Rolland, Denis (eds): La Grande Guerre, pratiques et experiences, Toulouse 2005, pp. 259-268. ^ Fuller, Troop morale 1991; Bourne, John: The British Working Man in Arms, in: Cecil, Hugh / Liddle, Peter (eds): Facing Armageddon, The First World War Experienced, London 1996, pp. Carolina Essay? 336-352; Prost, Antoine: Les limites de la brutalisation: tuer sur le front occidental, 1914-1918, in: Vingtieme Siecle, Revue d’histoire 81 (2004), pp. 5-20; Ludtke, Alf: War as Work: Aspects of Soldiering in Twentieth-Century Wars, in: Ludtke, Alf / Weisbrod, Bernd: No Man’s Land of Violence.
Extreme wars in the 20 th Century, Gottingen 2006, pp. 127-151. Essay A Rose? ^ Watson, Enduring the english Great War 2008; Watson, Alexander: Self-deception and Survival: Mental Coping Strategies on the Western Front, 1914-18, in: Journal of Contemporary History 41 (2006), pp. 247-268; Fabi, Lucio: ‘Se domani si va all’assalto / soldatino non farti ammazzar…’ Appunti e riflessioni sulla vita e la morte del soldato in trincea, in: Labanca, Nicola / Rochat, Giorgio (eds): Il soldato, la guerra e il rischio di morire, Milan 2006, pp. 153-165; Roper, Michael: The secret battle. Emotional survival in the Great War, Manchester 2009. Comparison Between A Rose For Emily Wallpaper? ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, pp. Paper? 41-42; Cronier, Emmanuelle: Permissionnaires dans la Grande Guerre, Paris 2013. ^ Paveau, Marie-Anne: Citations a l’ordre et croix de guerre.
Fonctions des sanctions positives dans la guerre de 1914-1918, in: Cazals / Picard / Rolland, Pratiques et experiences 2005, pp. 247-258; Winckle, Ralph: Der Dank des Vaterlandes. Eine Symbolgeschichte des Eisernen Kreuzes 1914 bis 1936, Essen 2007. ^ Englander, David: Mutinies and Military Morale, in Strachan, Hew (ed.): The Oxford Illustrated History of the comparison between yellow First World War, Oxford/New York 1998, pp. 191-203, p. 192. ^ Bach, Andre: Fusilles pour l’exemple 1914-1915, Paris 2004; Offenstadt, Nicolas: Les fusilles de la Grande Guerre et la memoire collective, Paris 2009; Oram, Gerard: Military executions during World War I. Basingstoke et al. 2007; Pluviano / Guerrini, Fucilazioni 2004; Le Naour, Jean-Yves: Fusilles: enquete sur les crimes de la Justice militaire, Paris 2010; Babington, Anthony: For the Sake of Example. Capital Courts-Martial, 1914–1920, London 2002; Forcella, Enzo / Monticone, Alberto: Plotone di esecuzione. By Kate? I processi della prima guerra mondiale, Bari 1998; Dimitrova, Snezhana: Executions pour l’exemple dans l’armee bulgare, in: Cazals / Picard / Rolland, Pratiques et experiences 2005, pp. 227-236. ^ McCartney, Citizen Soldiers 2005, p. A Rose For Emily? 164; Fabi, Lucio: gente di trincea, la grande guerra sul Carso e sull' Isonzo. Milan 1994; Loez, Refus 2010, p. On Corruption Politicians And Sports Stars? 523-525. ^ Gregory, Last Great War 2008; Ridel, Charles: Les embusques, Paris 2007. ^ Ashworth, Tony: Trench Warfare, 1914-1918. The Live and Let Live System, London, 2000 ; Brown, Malcolm et al.: Freres de tranchees.
Paris 2005. ^ Ashworth, Trench Warfare 2000. Comparison Essay A Rose For Emily Yellow Wallpaper? ^ Quoted by english narrative essays, Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, p. 55. ^ Boulanger, La France devant la conscription 2001, p. 130. ^ Cochet, Survivre 2005; Lafon, Contourner 2008; Cazals / Loez, Vivre et mourir 2012. ^ Isnenghi, Mario / Rochat, Giorgio: La Grande Guerra 1914-1918, Bologna 2008, p. 249; Saint-Fuscien, A vos ordres 2011, pp. 150-154; McCartney, Citizen Soldiers 2005, pp. 172-176; Morton, Desmond: Billet pour le front. Histoire sociale des volontaires canadiens, 1914-1919, Outremont 2005, p. 281. ^ Saint-Fuscien, A vos ordres 2011, p. 151. ^ Offenstadt, Les fusilles de la Grande Guerre 2009. ^ Watson, Enduring the Great War 2008, p. 39; Procacci, Giovanna: Soldati e prigionieri italiani nella grande guerra. Con una raccolta di lettere inedite, Bologna 2000, p. 29. ^ Smith, Leonard V.: The Disciplinary Dilemma of French Military Justice, September 1914-April 1917: The Case of the between a rose for emily wallpaper 5e Division d’Infanterie, in: The Journal of Military History 55/1 (1991), pp. Terms? 47-68; Jahr, Christoph: Gewohnliche Soldaten: Desertion und Deserteure im deutschen und britischen Heer 1914-1918, Gottingen 1998. Essay Yellow Wallpaper? ^ Panel, Louis-Napoleon: La Grande Guerre des gendarmes, Paris 2013. ^ Wolf, Susanne: Guarded neutrality. Diplomacy and Internment in essay the Netherlands during the First World War, Leiden 2013; Ruquet, Miquel: Deserteurs et insoumis de la Grande guerre, 1914-1918, sur la frontiere des Pyrenees-Orientales, Canet 2009. ^ Isnenghi / Rochat, La Grande Guerra 2008, p. 286. ^ Stone, Norman: The Eastern Front 1914-1917, New York 1975, p. 191; Wildman, Imperial Army 1980, p. 89; Lein, Between Acceptance and Refusal – Soldiers’ Attitudes Towards War (Austria-Hungary), p. 6; see also Jankowski, Paul: Verdun, 21 fevrier 1916, Paris 2013, pp. 256-7. ^ Jahr, Gewohnliche Soldaten 1998; Saint-Fuscien, A vos ordres 2011. ^ Data compiled from: Saint-Fuscien, A vos ordres 2011, p. 141, Jahr, Gewohnliche Soldaten 1998, pp. 150, 172; Benvindo, Bruno: Deserter le front belge. La guerre et ses marges en 1914-1918, in: Loez / Mariot, Obeir 2008, pp.
329-344; Procacci, Soldati e prigionier 2000, p. 29. ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, p. 92; see also Watson, Enduring the Great War 2008, pp. Yellow Wallpaper? 167-168. Debt Essay? ^ Bonzon, Thierry / Robert, Jean-Louis: Nous crions grace, 154 lettres de pacifistes, Juin-Novembre 1916, Paris 1989. ^ Wildman, Imperial Army 1980, p. 114; see also Davidian, Irina: The Russian Soldier’s Morale from the Evidence of Tsarist Military Censorship, in: Cecil / Liddle, Facing 1996, pp. 425-433. ^ Jankowski, Verdun 2013, pp. Comparison Between A Rose And The Wallpaper? 248-9; Rolland, Denis: La greve des tranchees. Les mutineries de 1917, Paris 2005. ^ Wildman, Imperial Army 1980, p. 115. ^ Figes, Orlando: A People's Tragedy: The Russian Revolution, 1891-1924, London 1997; Wildman, Imperial army 1980. ^ Reberioux, Madeleine: Le socialisme et la premiere guerre mondiale, in: Droz, Jacques, Histoire generale du socialisme, t. II, de 1875 a 1918, Paris 1997 , pp. 585-641. ^ Pluviano, Marco / Guerrini, Irene: Fucilate i Fanti della Catanzaro, La fine della leggenda sulle decimazioni della grande Guerra, Udine 2007, pp. 106-107. ^ Pedroncini, Guy: Les mutineries de 1917, Paris 1967; Smith, Between Mutiny 1994. ^ Loez, Refus 2010; Loez / Mariot, Obeir 2008. ^ Rolland, Greve 2005; Loez, Refus 2010. ^ Pohlmann, Markus: Une occasion manquee ? Les mutineries de 1917 dans la strategie et l’historiographie allemandes, in: Loez / Mariot, Obeir 2008, pp.
385-398. ^ Englander, Mutinies 1998, p. Politicians Stars? 199. ^ Epkenhans, Michael: ‘Red Sailors’ and the Demise of the German Empire, 1918, in: Elleman, Bruce A. (ed.): Naval Mutinies of the comparison between a rose for emily and the wallpaper Twentieth Century, an International Perspective, London 2003, pp. 66-87. On Corruption Among Stars? ^ Beckett, Ian F. W.: The Great War 1914-1918. New York 2001, p. 227. ^ Julian Putkowski, quoted by Gary Sheffield, Leadership 2010, p. 153; see also Dallas, Gloden / Gill, Douglas, Mutiny at Etaples Base in 1917, in: Past Present 69 (1975), pp. 88-112. Comparison Essay Between A Rose For Emily Yellow? ^ Dallas, Gloden / Gill, Douglas: The Unknown Army: Mutinies in the British Army in World War I, London 1985, pp. 85-86. South Essay? ^ Adam, Remi: Histoire des soldats russes en France, 1915-1920, Paris 1986; Cockfield, Jamie H.: With Snow on Their Boots. The Tragic Odyssey of the Russian Expeditionary Force in France during World War I, New York 1998. ^ Labanca, Nicola: Caporetto. Storia di una disfatta, Florence 1997; Wilcox, Vanda, Discipline in comparison for emily and the yellow wallpaper the Italian Army 1915–1918, in: Purseigle, Pierre (ed.): Warfare and Belligerence. Perspectives in First World War Studies, Boston et al. 2005, pp. 73–100. ^ Zurcher, Erik Jan, Between Death and south bar exam, Desertion. The experience of the comparison a rose Ottoman soldier in World War I, in: Turcica 28 (1996), pp.
235-258; Besikci, Mehmet: Between acceptance and refusal: Soldiers’ attitudes towards war (Ottoman Empire / Middle East), in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the bond First World War. ^ Stevenson, David: The Failure of comparison between yellow wallpaper Peace by Negotiation in 1917, in: The Historical Journal, 34/1 (1991), pp. 65-86. ^ Horne, John (ed.): State, Society and Mobilization in Europe during the First World War, Cambridge 2002; Stevenson, David: With Our Backs to the Wall: Victory and Defeat in 1918, London 2011 p. 266. Debt Essay? ^ Halpern, Paul G.: The Cattaro mutiny, 1918, in: Elleman, Bruce/Bell, Christopher: Naval mutinies of the Twentieth Century: An International Perspective 2003, pp 54-79. ^ Lein, Between Acceptance and Refusal – Soldiers’ Attitudes Towards War (Austria-Hungary), p. 7. ^ Watson, Enduring the essay a rose for emily yellow wallpaper Great War 2008, chapter 6. ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, p. Essay? 53. ^ Stevenson, With Our Backs to the Wall 2011, p. Comparison Essay Between For Emily And The Wallpaper? 167. Paper Terms Bond? ^ Stanley, Bad Characters 2010, pp. 209-210. ^ Stevenson, With Our Backs to the Wall 2011, p. Comparison Between A Rose For Emily And The Yellow Wallpaper? 244. ^ Watson, Enduring the Great War 2008, chapter 6; Jahr, Gewohnliche Soldaten 1998; Deist, Wilhelm: The Military Collapse of the argumentative homeschooling German Empire: the Reality behind the Stab-in-the-Back Myth, in: War in History 3/2 (1996), pp. Comparison Between A Rose For Emily Yellow? 186-207. ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, p. 103. ^ Epkenhans, Red Sailors 2003. ^ Ashworth, Tony: Trench Warfare, 1914-1918. The Live and Let Live System, London 2000 . ^ Jones, Heather: Violence Against Prisoners of debt essay War in the First World War: Britain, France and Germany, 1914-1920, Cambridge, 2011. ^ Jankowski, Verdun 2013, p. 243, points to extremely low desertion rates in a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper the heart of battles: in Fleury and Souville, they are at carolina bar exam 0,2 percent in May and between a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, July 1916 in the 2nd Bavarian Division and carolina bar exam, the opposite French units. Between A Rose For Emily And The Wallpaper? ^ Watson, Enduring 2008, p. 84. ^ Strachan, Hew: Training, Morale and Modern War, in: Journal of essay about homeschooling Contemporary History 41/2 (2006), pp. 211-227, p. 219. Comparison Essay Between And The? ^ Cronier, Permissionnaires 2013; Loez, Refus 2010; Cronier, Emmanuelle: Le role des permissionnaires parisiens dans la revolte de 1917: un front contamine par Paris ?, in: Loez / Mariot, Obeir 2008, pp. 125-138 ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, p. 42; Cornwall, Mark: Disintegration and defeat: The Austro-Hungarian Revolution, in: Cornwall, Mark (ed.): The last years of Austria-Hungary, Exeter 2002, pp. 167-196. ^ Strachan, Training, Morale and Modern War 2006, p. 212. ^ Quoted by Lafon, Contourner 2008, p. 159. Essay By Kate Chopin? ^ Deak, Istvan: Beyond Nationalism. A Social and Political History of the Habsburg Officer Corps, 1848-1918, New York 1990; Wildman, Imperial Army 1980; Isnenghi / Rochat, La Grande Guerra 2008. ^ Loez, Refus 2010, p. Comparison Between Yellow Wallpaper? 137. ^ Halpern, Cattaro 2003. ^ Wildman, Imperial Army 1980. ^ Loez, Andre: La bataille avant la bataille: imaginer et deviner l’offensive, in narrative Offenstadt, Nicolas (ed.): Le Chemin des Dames.
De l’evenement a la memoire, Paris 2004, pp. Comparison Between A Rose And The? 197-205; Watson, Enduring 2008, pp. 161-164. ^ Zurcher, Ottoman Soldier 1996. Among Politicians Stars? ^ Bourlet, Michael: Les volontaires latino-americains dans l’armee francaise pendant la Premiere Guerre mondiale, in: Revue historique des armees 255 (2009), pp. 68-78; Heyries, Hubert: Les Garibaldiens de 14: splendeurs et miseres des Chemises rouges en France de la Grande Guerre a la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Nice 2005. ^ Ducoulombier, Romain: La Sociale sous l’uniforme: obeissance et resistance a l’obeissance dans les rangs du socialisme et du syndicalisme francais, 1914-1916, in: Loez / Mariot, Obeir 2008, pp. 266-279. A Rose Yellow Wallpaper? ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007, p. Debt Essay? 86. ^ Brock, Peter: Against the draft. A Rose For Emily And The Yellow? Essays on conscientious objection from the radical Reformation to the Second World War, Toronto 2006; Bibbings, Lois: Telling Tales about paper bond, Men. Conceptions of conscientious objectors to military service during the First World War, New York / Manchester 2009; Gutierrez, Edward A: Between Acceptance and Refusal – Soldiers’ Attitudes Towards War (USA), in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. by comparison essay between for emily, Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universitat Berlin. Essay On Corruption Politicians? ^ Loez, Refus 2010, pp. 316-317. ^ Wildman, Imperial Army 1980; Ferro, Marc: Le soldat russe en 1917.
Indiscipline, pacifisme, patriotisme et revolution, in: Annales E.S.C. 26/1 (1971), pp. 14-39. Between A Rose And The Yellow Wallpaper? ^ Horne, State, Society and Mobilization in Europe 2002; Forster, Jurgen: Ludendorff and Hitler in Perspective: The Battle for the German Soldier’s Mind, 1917-1944, in: War in History 10 (2003), pp. 321-334; Loez, Refus 2010, pp. 532-534. ^ Mariot, Nicolas: Tous unis dans la tranchee? 1914-1918, les intellectuels rencontrent le peuple, Paris 2013. ^ Audoin-Rouzeau, Trench Journalism 1992 . ^ Maurin, Soldats languedociens, 1982. ^ Fabi, Lucio: Gente di trincea. La grande guerra sul Carso e sull'Isonzo, Bologna 2009; Prezioso, Stefanie: Obeir pour mieux desobeir ? Les volontaires italiens dans la Premiere Guerre mondiale, in Loez / Mariot, Obeir 2008, pp. 251-265; Wildman, Imperial Army 1980. ^ Isnenghi / Rochat, La Grande Guerra 2008, p. 280. ^ Watson, Voluntary Enlistment in the Great War 2011, p. 171. ^ Ziemann, War Experiences 2007; Watson, Enduring 2008. ^ Watson, Voluntary Enlistment in the Great War 2011, p. Essay About Homeschooling? 171. ^ Strachan, The First World War: To Arms 2001, p. 160; Watson, Janet S. A Rose And The Yellow Wallpaper? K.: Fighting Different Wars.
Experience, Memory and the Great War in terms Britain, Cambridge 2004. ^ Mariot, Tous unis 2013; Parker, Peter: The Old Lie: The Great War and the Public-School Ethos, London 1987. ^ Mariot, Nicolas: Faut-il etre motive? In Geneses 4/53 (2003), online: http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=GEN_053_0154#anchor_plan (retrieved 02.09.2014). ^ Garson, N.G.: South Africa and World War I, in: Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 8/1 (1979), pp. 68-85. Comparison Between? ^ Gregory, Last Great War 2008, p. Essay On Corruption Among? 82; Jeffery, Keith: Ireland and the Great War, Cambridge 2000, pp. 6-7. ^ Tim Grady, The German-Jewish Soldiers of the First World War in History and comparison between and the yellow, Memory. Liverpool 2011, pp. 3-4; Landau, Philippe: Les Juifs de France et la Grande Guerre. Un patriotisme republicain, Paris 1999. ^ Gutierrez, Between Acceptance and narrative essays, Refusal – Soldiers’ Attitudes Towards War (USA), p. 1. ^ Stevenson, History 2004, p. 201; Morton, Billet; Bouvier, Patrick: Deserteurs et insoumis. Les Canadiens francais et la justice militaire (1914-1918), Outremont 2003. ^ Wildman, Imperial Army 1980, pp. 102-103. ^ Strachan, The First World War: To Arms 2001, p. 157; Deak, Beyond Nationalism 1990, p. 197. ^ Lein, Between Acceptance and Refusal – Soldiers’ Attitudes Towards War (Austria-Hungary), p. 3. Essay Between And The? ^ Pleterski, Janko: The Southern Slav Question, in: Cornwall, Last Years 2002, pp.
119-148. ^ Jerabek, Rudolf: The Eastern Front, in: Cornwall, Last Years 2002, pp. By Kate? 149-165, quoted p. 158. ^ Halpern, Cattaro 2003, p. Between A Rose For Emily And The Yellow? 66. ^ Cornwall, Mark: The Undermining of Austria-Hungary: The Battle for on corruption stars, Hearts and Minds, London / New York 2000. ^ Kramer, Alan: ‘Wackes’ at War: Alsace-Lorraine and the Failure of German National Mobilization, 1914–1918, in: Horne, State, Society and Mobilization in Europe 2002, pp. 105–121. ^ De Schaepdrijver, Sophie: La Belgique et la Premiere Guerre mondiale, Brussels 2004, p. 186. Comparison Between A Rose And The Yellow Wallpaper? ^ Benvindo, Deserter 2008, p. 336. Argumentative Essay Homeschooling? ^ Ruquet, Deserteurs 2009, p. 53. ^ Beckett, Great War 2001, p. Comparison Essay A Rose And The? 222; see also Michel, Marc: Les Africains et la Grande Guerre. Bar Exam Questions? L’appel a l’Afrique 1914-1918, Paris 2003, pp. Essay Wallpaper? 102-106. ^ Meynier, Gilbert: Pour l'exemple. Un sur dix ! Les decimations en 1914, in: Politique aujourd'hui (1976), pp. 55-70. ^ Meynier, Gilbert: L’Algerie revelee. La guerre de 1914-1918 et le premier quart du XXe siecle, Geneva 1981, pp.
510-511; see also Fremeaux, Jacques: Les Colonies dans la Grande Guerre. Combats et epreuves des peuples d’outre-mer, Saint-Cloud 2006. ^ Vu-Hill, Kimloan: Coolies into english narrative essays, Rebels. The Impact of World War I on French Indochina, Paris, 2011; Meynier, Algerie 1981. ^ Buton, Francois: Quand les disponibles ne veulent pas l’etre. Le Mouvement des rappeles pendant la guerre d’Algerie, in: Loez/Mariot, Obeir 2008, pp. 181-197. ^ Smith, Between Mutiny 1994, p. 176, describes mutineers as essentially free political actors.” Loez, Andre: Between Acceptance and Refusal - Soldiers' Attitudes Towards War , in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. by Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin 2014-10-08.
DOI : 10.15463/ie1418.10461.
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How to Become a Writer: 3 Simple Steps. So you want to become a writer. Perhaps you write because it makes you feel alive. Perhaps you once read a book that made you think, “It must feel amazing to comparison essay between a rose and the wallpaper, write something like this. Maybe I could be a writer.” Perhaps you feel like you can’t not write. So then, how do you do it? How do you become a writer? That’s me, Joe Bunting, and I’m a full-time writer. Essay? Photo by Carly Jean.
Several years ago I became a writer. I’m not talking about the moment when I quit my job to write full-time. That happened much later. No, I became a writer when I started writing . I still remember making the essay between for emily and the yellow decision to write and publish one article per day on my blog. It wasn’t much, but this small habit was the beginning of argumentative essay about homeschooling my life as a writer. Since then, I’ve written four books and comparison a rose for emily and the yellow more than a thousand articles. I’ve been published in national magazines and debt essay became a bestselling author.
But that one decision changed my life. No one is essay a rose yellow wallpaper, born a writer. Terms Bond? You must become a writer. In fact, you never cease becoming, because you never stop learning how to write. Even now, I am becoming a writer. Comparison For Emily And The? And so are you. Below are the three best pieces of wisdom I’ve learned about how to english narrative, become a writer. To read more about becoming a writer, get full guide below. Really? Step number one is to publish? Isn’t that backward?
It’s strange to begin a list of writing tips with a tip to publish. In fact, as I read books and articles about how to become a writer, most of comparison yellow them don’t even mention publishing. They usually say, “Just Write!” However, writers write things other people read , and so the on corruption among and sports stars act of comparison for emily and the yellow publishing is on corruption among stars, essential to being a writer. If you want to essay a rose for emily and the yellow, become a writer, you need to paper terms bond, get used to writing for others. You need to essay a rose yellow wallpaper, practice taking feedback and dealing with rejection. You also need to start earning some fans. You do this by publishing, publishing small and regularly. What is stopping you from printing out south bar exam questions one of comparison between yellow wallpaper your writing pieces and giving it to a friend? Or publishing it online as a blog post or even a Facebook note?
Think of it as practice for when you publish with that big New York publisher. (It could be a while, so you may have a lot of time to practice!) 2. Set deadlines, or better, get someone else to english essays, set them for you (and then keep them) I love deadlines. A Rose For Emily And The? I love the narrative essays whooshing noise they make as they go by. —Douglas Adams, author. Deadlines are meant to induce stress. I know none of comparison essay a rose yellow wallpaper us really wants more stress in our lives (do you?), but most writers I know struggle with two things: discipline and focus. A good deadline helps with both. A little bit of stress focuses you. A good deadline can keep your butt in the chair and your fingers on the keys much better than “inspiration,” that fickle muse, ever could.
How, then, do you set good deadlines so they don’t whoosh by as they did for Mr. English Essays? Adams? The best deadlines are set by others, by editors or freelance writing clients or even your fans. The most effective deadline I ever set was to comparison essay between a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, write one article on my blog every day. I did this while maintaining a full-time job. What made this deadline especially effective was the essay about homeschooling people holding me accountable were my readers, a small group at the beginning but eventually a large, clamoring audience.
When you know people are waiting for your writing, you become a much more disciplined writer. HINT : People are waiting for your writing. When are you going to give it to them? 3. Become acquainted with boredom, comfortable with writing-induced misery. At some point, I’ve wanted to quit every major writing project I’ve ever worked on, and most writers I know have similar experiences.
When I was finishing my first book, I became so frustrated and comparison essay between a rose for emily and the hopeless with my writing that I knelt on the floor, put my face in my hands, and english cried (a very macho, manly cry, of course). “I don’t want to do this anymore,” I thought. “I don’t want to write this book. I don’t want to comparison essay between for emily and the yellow wallpaper, be a writer at chopin all anymore. I never want to feel this stupid again.” But after a little while, I got up, and I wrote a few more words. The next day, I wrote a few more. A month later, the between wallpaper book was finished and argumentative homeschooling sent off to for emily and the yellow wallpaper, the editor. That moment on the floor was the turning point, the beginning of the end of writing my first book, and now I remember that moment every time writing is at debt essay its most frustrating and hopeless, and comparison essay between and the wallpaper I know I’m nearly finished. Write through the mess. Write through poor grammar and awkward tense changes and switches in POV. Keep writing even when you know as you’ve known nothing else before that what you’re writing is worthless.
When you’re in the middle, good and bad are meaningless. Just keep writing. Some people will tell you it’s easy to become a writer. They’ll say, “Just write!” But if you’re like me, “just writing” isn’t enough for you. You want to essay and sports, write something important, something that touches people at their very core, something that changes the world. That’s not too much to ask, right? Writing like this is hard.
But of course, if it’s so important, it should be hard. Let’s do it together. It was strange getting published as the and the yellow wallpaper first step to being a writer, but it makes a lot of sense. We have to put ourselves out there; be willing to south questions, be vulnerable and show what we can do. One of my goals for the upcoming year is to submit more stories to journals and blogs. There’s a blog I follow that posts short story and flash fiction contests.
As such, there are opportunities to get published and, at the same time, refine my craft. Thank you for sharing these steps. It certainly takes discipline and dedication to between for emily and the yellow wallpaper, be a writer. But the narrative reward is a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, worthwhile, even if it isn’t instantaneous. Indeed, George! It is absolutely worthwhile. And regarding publishing, I think we need to start looking at publishing differently. English Essays? We need to stop looking for approval from some corporation in New York (not that there’s anything wrong with them or they’re approval), and start sharing our work through whatever means we have. It really is the best and fastest way to improve.
Being a “writer” is easy. It’s fun to essay between a rose wallpaper, get inspiration and drift away into meandering stories. It’s so easy to put words together when we know that no one else will ever read them. Paper Bond? Sure there are times when writing is for comparison essay, my eyes only, but what you have said is so true and encouraging: writing is meant to be shared. Being a writer that shares her work is definitely something I’m not as comfortable with, but it’s an homeschooling, area that I want to keep improving.
Oh! And thank you for the new e-book! I’m looking forward to essay between a rose for emily yellow, reading it! For some reason, I don’t run into not wanting to share, unless I truly think something I’ve written is terrible. English Narrative? I love to write, edit, and share. It seems that most writers dislike some part of that process, but I enjoy all three of comparison essay a rose for emily and the wallpaper them. It is a wonderful feeling to be able to stand next to argumentative, something that you’ve created with two hands, and say, “I made that!” It is between a rose wallpaper, usually more than the next guy can say. More over, it is probably inspiring to the next guy. Why not share it? You should be proud of yourself.
Look how much time you spent actually doing something, as opposed to how many people came home from work and plopped down in front of the tube? James I can relate so much to your statement about standing next to something you’ve created with your own two hands. For me writing is like art work, you start with a blank canvas – your blank piece of paper- (or a mound of clay for a sculptor) and english essays create then when you edit you chip away words you don’t need as a sculptor chips away and smooths out sections of essay a rose for emily wallpaper their finished piece. It can be so rewarding- especially when the finish product is narrative essays, what we were aiming to create. That is so cool, James. Thank you for sharing that! Oh, I figured it was going to between for emily and the yellow, be: 2. South? Write some more. I could also go for:
I wanted to keep you on your toes, James. Anyway, I think that post has already been written a few times. #128521; cried (a very macho, manly cry, of course). If there were tears it can’t be very macho. You might should use a better verb. #128539; Cry baby! #128512; I just need to FINISH my first novel, it’s at 150k and still not done.
It is quickly becoming the never-ending story. Where the essay between and the heck are the paper bond bounds of comparison essay between Fantasia! I started a NaNoWriMo book and I’ve almost finished it. My second novel looks like it will be my first. Haha. Real men cry, James.
150K is essay politicians stars, a lot of words James! You should break it up and make it into a series. Congrats on winning NaNo! Joe thank you for this post, and the e-book I was at comparison essay that place last night as I was finishing a story ( with a deadline). For this assignment for class we had to argumentative about homeschooling, write a 1,000 word story and I could not first finish the story and second figure out how to write this piece so it not only mattered to me but also would matter and touch someone else as well. Sitting at my computer I had moments of saying” I quit, forget this, I don’t want to comparison essay between and the yellow wallpaper, write anymore”.
But another part of me wouldn’t give up- writing for me is like breathing, if I don’t do it I don’t exist, so I kept writing and eventually I did finish with 10 more words than allowed, but that can be fixed during editing. My final project became a cross between it’s a wonderful life and debt essay scrooge. My secret if it is a secret is to see and keep the end sentence in mind – And I did. Now on comparison a rose yellow, to the next project. Congratulations on finishing your story, Debra! If you’ve written seriously at all, you’ve been in that “I quit, forget this” place before. Good job powering through (although for me, wimpering through would be a better way to put it.) And great tip to keep the bond last sentence in mind! Thank you for sharing your heartfelt insights with us! Your post did make me smile because – in comparison essay a rose wallpaper my opinion – the best article that I have ever written was titled: “Just Write”, and debt essay I wrote it while waiting for my husband to finish his racquetball session! My argument was simple: you can either wait forever for inspiration – and the ‘right’ setting – to write or JUST WRITE!
I get what you mean though. I do believe that writing SOMETHING is comparison a rose wallpaper, a prerequisite to creating meaningful work. If you never write, you will never evolve and argumentative essay can never offer any value. Comparison Between For Emily Wallpaper? But even if your writing sucks (initially), just putting out essay homeschooling your words consistently will make a difference in the future. I have read some random ramblings that are far more empowering than structured posts written by the elite writers. So trust your passion and PUBLISH #128512; Thank you so much for making me think #128521; I absolutely agree with, Krithika. Too many people believe the myth that you have to between for emily wallpaper, wait for argumentative about, inspiration to write.
I hope you didn’t read this post as me disagreeing with you! Becoming a writer, to me, is an identity shift. We may be “writing,” whatever that looks like, but we still don’t feel like a writer. This post is about getting to a place where you not only feel like a writer, you KNOW you are one at your core. I think publishing in small ways is an comparison essay a rose and the yellow, important step. This is SO COOL, Joe. Congratulations. The book is beautiful…you give great advice, and I look forward to seeing this new community unfolds. I’ve enjoyed writing since I was 7. Now I’m half a century old, and I’m still writing, but more seriously, and improving my craft by leaps and bounds.
I think I came to The Write Practice in 2011. I don’t contribute very often, but I’ve read every post. This blog is a big part of the above mentioned “improving my craft in leaps and bounds”. In 2011 I also started keeping a “goals” journal that stared with “write every day”. When I look back at my entries I see “I want to quit”, “why am I putting myself through.
this”, “I’m not good at essay this”, etc., sprinkled in almost every other entry. And I almost did quit. But for some reason I didn’t (or maybe couldn’t). Fast forward to 2014, and essay a rose and the yellow my goal was to submit one work/quarter to on corruption politicians and sports stars, a contest or writing website. I know, not much, but I’m a slow writer. Essay A Rose For Emily? Well guess what, one of my stories was published on the Every Day Fiction website (one was rejected), and two weeks ago I submitted another story to a contest. In all, I submitted 5 stories this year. (1 over the goal!). And I write deliberately every day.
My journal entries are. so much more ebullient than they were 3 years ago. Debt Essay? I’m so glad I didn’t quit. Essay Between For Emily Yellow Wallpaper? Thank you Joe, and the Write Practice community for helping me improve my craft and becoming a writer! I love this so much, Wanda. It’s amazing how much practice can change your life. South Carolina Questions? It’s such a gift to see how far you, one of our earliest readers, have come. Comparison For Emily Wallpaper? Thank you for sharing this with me, Wanda. #128578; LOVE THIS JOE!
I so needed this today. You have spoken to me in a way that has rekindled my fire and debt essay desire to essay between a rose and the yellow, write. Writing is essay politicians stars, a struggle for between yellow, me but I know I will not quit till I’ve become, and keep becoming, a writer. Paper? Thanks so much for this post! Hint: You are a writer, Miriam! But someday, I think you could definitely be a professional writer, if that’s what you want. You’re on your way. Thanks for your comment. Thanks for this. Comparison Essay Between A Rose Wallpaper? The post was a nice pick-me-up as I’m trying to carolina essay, gather the courage to between for emily yellow, write my first short story (via your short story eBook).
I’m nervous as heck and I can’t seem to get over english narrative essays, “planning” to write: bullet points, charts, lists, brainstorming session and I feel a lot more at ease with these than writing the essay a rose for emily first sentence. Paper Bond? How can I just let go and a rose for emily yellow let the pen flow? Good luck with your short story, Harvey. Chopin? I think planning is great but it can become a avoidance mechanism, a way to replace the fear of uncertainty (which is present in comparison essay a rose and the yellow wallpaper all writing) with busywork. Here’s what I think you should do: pick one part of essay chopin your plan (your favorite bullet point, index card, chart, etc), and essay between for emily and the wallpaper then trash the rest. Seriously.
Throw it away or delete it from paper terms bond your hard drive. Then start writing, and if you need to, you can use your one piece of plan for help. For Emily Yellow Wallpaper? But you’ll be free to be imperfect and uncertain, and most of all, free to have fun! I have a “mini” blog and have written letters to editors on a few subjects over a 30-year period, but I want to english, do memoir writing (lots of comparison essay for emily yellow stories to tell), but lack confidence. Essay? I recently finished my first piece (2,000 words) and am submitting it for possible publication in comparison essay between a rose for emily yellow wallpaper a literary magazine. I hope it’s the beginning of a chapter, then a book. What a timely post. I wanted to give up this morning. It’s my editor’s birthday, and english essays someone asked her clients to contribute pithy phrases from her editing so they could be organized into a poem.
I found some funny ones from the first draft–but they were all negative. “This book has the potential to comparison yellow wallpaper, whisk readers away to another time in another place. Carolina Essay? But it doesn’t.” Or, “He’s an old warrior, not an old fart.” Or, the worst, “Her son is dying. Why would she give a shit about comparison essay between a rose and the wallpaper your protagonist?” And I said to myself, Yeah, really. Why would anyone? So I’ll put it down, like you said, and see if my interest resurges tomorrow. Honestly, it sounds like you need a new editor Nancy! I’m all for giving tough feedback but only among politicians and sports, if it’s slotted between encouragement.
Maybe your editor is comparison a rose yellow, doing that but it doesn’t sound like it. Don’t give up! So you are right again. Today I’ll pick up my pen and set a new goal: to make sure someone gives a shit about homeschooling my protagonist! I just want to become a writer because I need to put all the comparison essay between for emily and the yellow imagination out of my mind. Write to expurge sadness, feelings, dreams and finally feel better with myself. I am from Brazil and being a writer here is difficult. On Corruption Among Politicians And Sports Stars? I have read all the comparison essay between a rose and the yellow wallpaper articles and i purchased your book to learn how can I be a writer.
I just want to write in english, because I know I will have more chance. Next week I will post my first short story here. Narrative Essays? I have no problem to comparison essay between a rose for emily yellow, be criticize. All I want to do is becoming a writer. Thanks Joe for narrative essays, your support. I put a number of these blog posts away for for emily, a rainy day. (Saved them ‘unread’, in debt essay an email folder)
I read this one today and it resonated big time with my writing at present. Through reading and comparison between a rose wallpaper doing 15 minute writing practice on here and debt essay replying to yet another blog, I have begun to put my writing out there for others to read, and my writing self us grown at comparison and the yellow the same time. I agree wholeheartedly that deadlines are good and a needed part of among politicians and sports stars my writing. I began with Nanowrimo two years ago. I didn’t make my goal of 50,000 words but it got me started.
Last year I made it and continued to and the yellow wallpaper, write. When the short story contest email came in I decided to argumentative about homeschooling, join in and once there I found the critique, camaraderie and all round general support was where I wanted to be. Every Friday post is great, posted my first last week, and comparison between for emily and the yellow wallpaper I am collecting posts for a writing blog of my own. I plan to start publishing them when I have a few to spare, though likely not the best idea, it is in my comfort zone at present. I’m currently writing a travel blog which I have lots of friends eagerly awaiting each day (or so they tell me), so writing each day is becoming easier to do; I have lots of incentive. I even have an english essays, idea for Nanowrimo this year which will provide yet another deadline. To being a person m very great full to u that u share your thought with us but by dyeing hart I really will became a writer I wish u always encourage those people who loved writ…. Hi Joe! I don’t know if you’re going to a rose for emily yellow, read this because it has been two years since the last comment, but anyway, I just want to tell you “Thank you for this article”, it made me feel a little of paper confidence about starting my life as a writer. It’s not I haven’t felt secure about it, it’s just that while I was reading your article I was thinking “He’s right, I feel the same way, if he could make it I will too.” I have to comparison essay between a rose yellow, admit it, I usually (if not always) get into panic in front of my computer when it’s the moment to clic on the “publish” button.
Actually, I thought the last step of the process “becoming a writer” was *publishing*, but I think you’re right, no matter what you’re writting, or if you think it would be better… DON’T WAIT, JUST PUBLISH IT, if it would be better, it will get better while you’re in english the path of becoming a writer. So often I start writing and then feel that what I’ve written isn’t good enough. I have so much to say and convey, but when I start to get it all down on paper. it just doesn’t seem to convey what I’m thinking in between a rose for emily yellow wallpaper my head. But I love reading and writing, always have. I want to tell a story that no one. else can tell. About Homeschooling? So I preserver. A Rose For Emily Wallpaper? thanks for essay about homeschooling, the opportunity to vent . Came back here after the comparison between a rose and the yellow email reminder about giving feedback.Thank you :). I have published in academic journals, blog, and on FB. On Corruption Politicians And Sports? I have yet to cry because of writing induced stress, mainly due to essay between and the yellow wallpaper, a flexible approach to deadlines. I write because I love too, I have tried to build audience for my timid writing in blog and FB, but I seem to lack feedback.
I am in absolute joy to terms, have found this site and the owner who’s ‘forcing’ me to write #128578; English is my second language, so forgive my grammar oversights. Thank you. …”If I hadn’t grown up on comparison between and the yellow wallpaper, Latin and Greek, I doubt if I would know so well. how to draw the very subtle line between what I call a vernacular style. and what I should call an illiterate or faux naif style. By Kate Chopin? There’s a hell.
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Yea or nay: Checking your kids' homework? We all want our children to succeed, but is essay between wallpaper, it necessary to check your children's homework every night? Or should you just do it when a parent signature is required, or if your child has brought home a less-than-satisfactory response? When is it okay to essay chopin, just trust that your kids are getting their work done to the best of their abilities? Absolutely. I think it helps to ensure they are understanding the material and shows you have an interest in what they are doing. Also,it is nice to have some time without tv or activity to check in with them.
I have six children. Some would do their homework down to the last detail and then some. Some would do only what was absolutely required. Some would rather have a root canal. Some do all their homework and comparison for emily and the yellow wallpaper, then never turn it in. We have regular homework time around the dining/kitchen table where they can work on their homework, help each other and homeschooling, discuss what they are learning. I provide snacks and supervision. Help when asked.
Each child excels in different subjects and the group study allows them to use those strengths to help each other. The older children tutor the younger because it reinforces what they have already learned. Often there are arguments, complaints and tears. However, my children are learning that everyone has their strengths and challenges. They are learning to be patient with each other (and definitely me with them). Yes and no. I've always checked my kids homework and a couple of months ago I decided leave them alone for a couple of weeks to see how they do on their own. To see if they really are understanding the work or if I'm carrying them through school. A Rose For Emily! My third graders grades stayed the same and my fifth graders dropped.
It seems it's good to check their work but be careful how you are doing it. Make sure they understand it and can do it on debt essay, their own but don't help too much or they'll just start depending on comparison essay a rose and the, you too much. They also need to learn their own way of doing homework and studying. On Corruption Among And Sports! If you are constantly helping them do this they will be slow to become independent or worse they won't become independent at all! Well that's what I thought when my son was younger, now he is 14 years old i decided to essay and the yellow, check his homework everyday because he lies about it, most of the time. nah.i don't have any homework. If he doesn't do it I take away what he likes the chopin, most, play station, computer. o absolutely yes! especially when one's child has a techno gismo happy teachers. in this environment, NOTHING is between and the, taught. just surfing websites. one must be on top of children's reading writing, and essay by kate, mathematics homework. and comparison a rose yellow wallpaper, yes, one must teach correct spelling of words and ideal penmanship. writing by hand stimulate one's critical thinking skill. Terms! so happy parenting. let's hit the books together! as you check your kids' homework every night, you will be aware of the child's strength and weaknesses. and a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, improve their grades gradually. Essay On Corruption Among Politicians! less stress at teacher-parent conferences. Definitely check it! My oldest is 11 and just last night I checked his advanced math homework and essay a rose and the yellow, he did half of by kate chopin, his math homework wrong. Comparison Between For Emily! If I didn't check it he would have failed that paper and numerous others.
He just needed a little more explanation as to narrative essays, how to get the answer. How are you supposed to really know if your child is understanding the material? It is also a great opportunity for one on comparison a rose and the yellow wallpaper, one time and homeschooling, some great conversations. :) As a teacher and a parent, I would say that parents should check their child's homework. However, be careful how you are checking it. Don't give answers, but definitely try to explain it. If you don't understand the assignment, then please email your teacher! Definately check their agenda to see what they have been assigned for comparison between for emily, HW. My daughter is in grade 5, it is a very useful tool to communicate with the Teacher as well, and argumentative essay about, if you stay on comparison essay a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, top of narrative, it, you can assist your child in building skills that will carry forward into adulthood. I do not believe in doing the HW for my child, if I can assist by showing or explaining a concept then I do, if she still does not grasp the concept and cannot draw her own conclusion or answer, then I send her back to her teacher to ask for between a rose yellow wallpaper, additional explanation in order to essay on corruption politicians and sports, understand her work, ultimately, I will not be there with her to hold her hand during tests. Comparison Essay A Rose For Emily And The Wallpaper! I also insist on english, reading for a half hour each and every evening, as strong reading skills as essential.
I do check it. I don't make corrections, but I check it. Oh my ! all those parents that think it's best for essay between for emily, their children to check everything just makes me sick. how would you feel when someone checks everything you do ? Your children believe they don't even trust you and that can really damage their thoughts about you all. just really sad, because my parents do it too and I don't even want to by kate, live here like this anymore ;) think about what the between for emily and the, fuck you are doing to your kid. eventually they probably don't like you anymore and be like, 'i'm doing everything you want am i not good enough for you?' cause that's what i feel like. Absolutely, I check my kids' homework. They complete it on their own and then I check it for neatness, following directions and correct application.
If not, they erase and politicians, redo. Parents are a child's first teacher and we need to reinforce what is learned in the classroom. If he is doing it wrong, I don't tell him the answer but do my best to explain or reteach the between for emily and the yellow, concept. So far, so good! :) I have 2 boys in essay school right now. The rule is, as soon as you get off the bus, its homework time. My oldest doesn't fight at all about between a rose and the wallpaper it. He does all of his work and essay by kate, then goes about the essay between a rose wallpaper, rest of his day. And his grades prove to me that he knows what hes doing (he maintains an A-B average).
My youngest however will lie about his school work. Essay Homeschooling! I trusted him to finish it but then I started getting letters from the teacher stating he was not completing his work. And his grades were starting to suffer because of comparison essay a rose for emily and the yellow, it. Essay By Kate Chopin! The last 2 years he was a straight A student but this year his grades have dropped. Comparison Essay Between A Rose For Emily Yellow Wallpaper! So now, every day when he gets home, I have to english narrative, check his backpack before he heads to essay a rose for emily and the, his room with it. I hate doing it because I'm admitting I don't trust him. But after being caught hiding the work so he doesn't have to do it, I don't have an option.
I have tried taking his favorite things from him, but that has not worked. He goes right back to lying. I give my 2nd graders homework a little once over, but I'm not going to change any of her work, bc I know I know how to bar exam essay, do it, but does she?? Plus her teacher is amazing, and would let her and me know if she wasn't doing something right. Between A Rose And The Wallpaper! If she asks for help, Of course I'll help a bit, but I WON'T do it for her. As an adult who hasn't yet finished their education (grade 12) I really now understand why my mom used to carolina questions, make me buckle down and comparison a rose for emily yellow wallpaper, not go play till ALL my homework was done no mater what even if it was an easy test or the by kate chopin, hardest test ever. Comparison Essay A Rose And The Wallpaper! And you know with me having gone back to school i really really wish i can get an agenda so then i can tangebly see when i have stuff due and what is completed. So yes I would say Yea for checking my children's hw. as then this way they have a better chance at essay, their schooling than i did. i think that kids homework should be checked by for emily yellow wallpaper a parent or a responsible adult. I check my sons homework everynight, guarantee he is only in argumentative first grade, but he is getting a's and wallpaper, b's.
I had my homework checked when i was in school by my parents and it didnt hurt me. i also agree with the comment below that you need to essay on corruption among politicians and sports, let them do it themselves, that way they know how to do it. Every day the child's back pack should be checked, go through it with them see what they need what they don't need the Agenda the school gives is GOLDEN so we know what's due when.. Essay Between A Rose For Emily! Successful works in our home.. I have an essay among politicians and sports stars, A-B student.. We're VERY PROUD! I do think it depend on the child and the age of the child. When I check my child's home work I don't always correct it. Between And The! I want to make sure he understands what he is doing or know that he maybe having trouble with a subject.
He appreciates me just being there to debt essay, help him if he need it. I don't think I can make recommendations on this - I know if I had the time to check homework nightly, I would. Because like my own mother I have controlling tendencies. Yet at comparison between for emily and the yellow wallpaper, the same time I wonder, what use would it be? Same things that bewildered me when I was at school are bewildering me now - and in truth I'm not convinced that homework has any positive effects. How about Dad's. why is it always about mom's. of course you need to english essays, check and review your childs homework, it's your responsibility. Yes definitely, just so you know that they have done it and essay between and the, done it properly. I checked my sons' homework until they were in 7th grade.
At that point, I told them that they were old enough to be seriously invested in carolina bar exam their education, and that they should feel responsible for their learning and want to do well. I believe in essay between a rose it until they are in essay on corruption among and sports stars High School. Then it's time to teach them to comparison essay between, responsible for themselves. We won't be there to essay on corruption among, check if there homework is done in college or if there work is adequate for their boss at their first job if they go straight into the workforce. i check my childrens homework once a week. everyday i remind them to do it though :)
No because it can seem like you don't trust them to the child. I'm a guy, but not a dad of a school aged child. Comparison Between A Rose For Emily Yellow! I myself was raised very strictly and my homework was being checked by my dad for about 30+ minutes every night while I was in my early grades. My dad sometimes would place a watch next to me and tell me I got 12 minutes to solve the math formula (at age of. 7-9) or I would get belted badly. Guess what? All I did was watch the minutes flow by and was unable to chopin, concentrate to resolve the formula. Then I would take the belting and my butt would have sausages on it from extensive belting. The math remained my most hated subject in school as I was frequently belted.
Never learned anything. Even if my grandfather was paying for a rose for emily, after-school teachers for my math lessons, I learned zero, zilch, nada. Debt Essay! All those years. So when I was 10 my father died and essay between a rose, my grandfather took over at request of our dad. Essay Politicians And Sports! My grandfather was more thorough with checking my homework. Comparison For Emily Yellow! It wasn't checking, it was multi examination experience every single night for 4 to 6 hours. Once he came back after work at around 5 to 6 PM, the grandfather would check my homework and examine me every single night until 10-11 PM.
So after school I had to do my home work from essay by kate say 3 PM to comparison essay between and the wallpaper, 6 PM, then another 5 hours of exams. On Corruption Among Stars! And so for many years. After I graduated the essay between a rose for emily and the, high school, my grandfather wanted to also check my University homework, but I said no, thanks. Among And Sports! Did I graduate? No. A Rose For Emily And The Wallpaper! I hated anything to south bar exam essay, do with exams. I quit. I didn't even pursue my favorite career. I was exhausted. I do not recommend checking child's homework, especially for many hours. Let the child be self-sufficient.
Let them fail and essay between a rose for emily and the, pick up from essay chopin there. You may help the child if they ask you or you may inquire about comparison essay between yellow wallpaper their grades or even check for argumentative essay, a second what they're doing, but NEVER expose your child to examination stripping them of their childhood. Between A Rose For Emily Wallpaper! Some guys would revenge to their own kids what they've been done to; I wouldn't. I would let my kids be independent in doing their home works. Parents! Please do not torture your kids with homework examination.
Yet in the USA the essay, kids are so entitled and out of control. You need to essay between for emily wallpaper, find a golden middle in your child's education. P.S. Only 10 years after graduating from high school and doing variety of paper terms bond, jobs I found myself doing something I could relate - a business. Comparison Between And The! I am a good speller and chopin, am good at arithmetics and essay between for emily yellow, geography - this is what good teachers taught us, not parents.
Every child, every person is different, and needs a different approach. If you're not sure, let the child discover themselves. I made up my mind to be someone when I was 12 yet I was pressurized to become someone different, thus I failed to do both. English Essays! Never push your child to do what they may not become when they are adult. Comparison Essay Between A Rose Wallpaper! Let them choose their own path. I always check my daughters homework, because I like to make sure she gets a good understanding of what she's learning. yes without fail. It depends on on corruption politicians and sports, the age of the child. Mine is only starting first grade. Essay A Rose For Emily And The Wallpaper! I make sure to find out what his homework is, and sit down at english narrative essays, the table with him.
I don't do the work for him, but I do make sure he reads and understands the directions. Essay For Emily Yellow! As he gets older, he may be able to do more independently, but I will still make sure he is essay, doing it daily. I remember my mother sitting with me and essay a rose for emily yellow wallpaper, quizzing me for history tests and proof reading my term papers in paper high school. Participating shows that you put a value on essay a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, what they are doing, just be sure you are making them think and not giving them the answers. I am in on corruption Australia and I have 1 child in prep whose homework is all mum involved. Also 1 in between and the yellow the last year of primary school and yes I still check his homework and will say either yes your homework is essay homeschooling, correct well done or no this question or that is wrong and between for emily and the yellow, then we will discuss why it is wrong. If it is a math question question I will make up another question using similar principles and south carolina essay questions, we sit down and go through that so he understands where he went wrong and essay between a rose for emily and the yellow, making sure he understands every step of the process involved to solve the problem. Then he will go back and argumentative essay about homeschooling, correct the incorrect questions. If he is unsure of what he needs to do he knows he can come and ask and comparison between and the yellow wallpaper, I will help him understand what is required but i refuse to do it for essay among politicians, him. absolutely - I check it every night..
That way, my son and a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, I are on the same page.. and debt essay, if I feel that there are any problems - I can contact his teacher and we are able to talk about it. Yes, parents should. It helps to ensure on all parts(parents teacher and child) that everyone is doing thier part. Comparison Essay Between A Rose For Emily Yellow! I like being a part of paper, childrens education and making sure what they were taught in school is being absoorbed. Plus I prefer it when my kids are doing their best and I am there supporting them and encouraging them. I don't really think any specific one of these responses is necessarily better than the other. I think it all depends on your child or children and how they do in school. I have 2 daughters (age 9 10, 4th 5th grade) and up until the middle of last school year I reviewed and checked their homework every day.
I realized as long as I could check their progress and grades that they are getting in school on and the wallpaper, a regular basis (thanks to technology and online access) then I could see what they are struggling in. English Narrative! They are also really good with asking for help or telling me or their teacher when they don't understand something. Both my children bring home pretty decent grades and I always told them I like good grades but the most important thing is that they did the best and communicate when they have trouble. So far their grades and comparison and the yellow wallpaper, reports from their teachers has shown that this is what works for us. Essay On Corruption Among Politicians And Sports! This also teaches independence and trust. So as I said previously I think it depends on comparison essay a rose for emily and the yellow, each child and what works for bond, your family. I have to check my child's homework. her teachers certainly don't.
They check to see if it is done but NOT to see if it is correct. Essay Between A Rose! I check my child's homework so I can explain why things were wrong and how to fix it. Among Politicians Stars! It does NO good for her to be doing all these worksheets if she doesn't know how to do them correctly. Practice makes perfect, but I don't want her PERFECTING the wrong answers. I mis-spoke, sometimes they do correct it but NOT most of the essay for emily yellow, time. They grade test, which they do just before report cards. Their reports cards are based on debt essay, the end of the between a rose for emily wallpaper, year expectations. I'm glad to see a lot of posts saying YES. Essay Chopin! I know a lot of parents who don't, It's the teachers job to teach but thats not true. Parents are supposed to be teachers too, we're the first teacher and the most important. I help my Kindergartener with his homework and I go over my 2nd graders homework.
I will let him know if something is wrong so he can fix it but I don't fix it for him. There have been times where I didn't check his homework and he had some and he was very upset when he didn't have it to turn in the next day. Trying to teach them responsibility without it hurting them grade wise. i think we should check their homework everynight to keep track on comparison and the yellow wallpaper, their work.in that way we can find and help them in the areas which they find difficult. I definitely check their homework every night. I suppose there will be a time when some of their math or science homework will be beyond my knowledge, but I still would want to make sure they're completing the debt essay, assigned work from essay between a rose yellow wallpaper school and doing their part. My kids are in 1st and 3rd grades. On Corruption Among Politicians Stars! My 1st grader very rarely has homework except to read a story once a week.
My 3rd grader has math homework once or twice a week. Between A Rose And The! I check it, let her know which ones she missed, and she corrects it. I have a 6 year old in 1st grade. On Corruption Stars! First of all, the teacher sent home a note telling parents that the homework they receive is practice for what they are learning in school adn that we should go over it. Even if that wasn't the case, I go over his homework with him and I belive it helps make us closer and is, hopefully, a beginning so he will share it with me as he goes through school. He is by no means happy when I mention that something is between, wrong, but I believe in bond the end, he'll realize im interested and will support him always! Yes, I need to check his homework everynight.
He has Dyslexia and I help him with his writing assignments. I have him look at whatever he writes and a rose wallpaper, he will notice sometimes on a 2nd or 3rd time letters or numbers that he has transposed. Plus, I sit and he reads to me for 20 minutes everynight. He is an A / B student. We have provisions in place at school for him because of his Dyslexia but it is important for him to essay by kate, be able to see were he makes his mistakes so he can learn to fix them.
It is helpful that his teachers are working with him and the Dyslexia teacher that is helping to retrain his brain. I think we should have to comparison essay a rose and the yellow, check homework and sign off on it. Sign up for Circle of english narrative, Moms and between for emily and the yellow, be a part of this community! Membership is just one click away. How do you make your child do their homework without it being a hassle? How do I get my child to focus on school work? What should I do to english narrative, a 17 year old who is comparison essay between a rose for emily wallpaper, flunking the 10th grade for the 3rd time? What are your thoughts on bar exam essay questions, Private vs. Public Schools? Do your middle schoolers have homework? Mine does not and.
Ok- I teach hs language arts. My 1st grade daughter came home with 19 pages of. Too Much Homework. - My daughter is in second grade and I. My daughter is in essay between and the yellow second grade and I am becoming more and more frustrated with the. What should you do when your child tells you he/she doesn't. Should I punish the essay, child? detention-what to do?? - my 11 year old son with ADHD got.
my 11 year old son with ADHD got detention on friday for not doing his homework. i. 2017 POPSUGAR Inc. Essay And The Yellow! • Insanely Addictive™ • PopSugar • PopSugar Living • PopSugar Moms.
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7 up series essay hackwriters.com The Up Series Dir Michael Apted Dan…However, when he declared The Up Series of documentary films, by Michael Apted, 7 Up is a landmark in British television, consistently voted Britain#039;s most . film because he sought help in comparison essay a rose for emily, bringing aid to Bulgaria, his mother#039;s homeland.What “56 Up ” Reveals | The New Yorker9 Jan 2013 The series began in 1964, with what was intended to be a one-off documentary about the paper terms disparate lives of British seven -years-olds from Keeping Up With the Seven Up TIME1 Dec 2006 Imagine that, at age seven , you were chosen for a research project, in which, every seven years, you would be quizzed about your life#039;s intimate Watching the “ Up ” Documentary Series (Film #3, 21…24 Jul 2013 Over the weekend I watched the third film in the Up series . All the yellow original seven -year-olds are back and are now age 21. Carolina Bar Exam Essay. After four days of essay between for emily, trying to on corruption politicians and sports stars write a nice, coherent essay on my viewing experience, I#039;ve .. Maybe his parents kept him inside a bubble and comparison between a rose for emily didn#039;t help him develop a realistic sense of chopin, The Up Series | PopMatters14 Oct 2007 Give me the boy at age seven , and Ill give you the essay between yellow man. Debt Essay. The Jesuits may have had something with that saying, especially after watching Class Is a System of Relations: #039;The Up Series :…1 Jul 2013 The remarkable Up series refuses to descend into proselytizing dogma of the British class system that would help them in making sense of its About the Characters | 56 Up | POV | PBSTony. Ebullient, charming, cockney-accented East Ender Tony wanted to be a jockey when we met him in comparison essay between, Seven Up ! The series followed him as he saw his 56 Up: 7 Up boy Peter Davies returns to documentary after 28…14 May 2012 A musician whose life was followed by millions of television viewers in the documentary 7 Up is argumentative returning to essay between and the the series tonight 28 years after Michael Apted, Keeping Up With the #039; Up #039;…3 Jan 2013 The latest in Michael Apted#039;s documentary series chronicling the terms bond lives What began in between a rose for emily and the yellow, 1964 with “ 7 Up ” and no longitudinal ambitions is now Up Series WikipediaThe Up Series is a series of documentary films produced by essay homeschooling Granada Television that have The aim of the series is stated at the beginning of 7 Up as: Why do we bring these children together? Because we want to get a glimpse of comparison yellow wallpaper, Interaction. Help · About Wikipedia · Community portal · Recent changes · Contact page Seven Up ! to 56 Up: the story so far TelegraphSince its first instalment in 1964, the celebrated Up documentary series has traced the fortunes of bond, a group of comparison and the wallpaper, British children from chopin, a variety of backgrounds and 49 up : Tony, Bruce, Susan, John, Nick, Neil Character…49 up : Tony, Bruce, Susan, John, Nick, Neil Character Summary. You are here: -wanted to be a jockey ( 7 ) but was unsuccessful. -took acting classes (28) to . -28, wanted to comparison essay between for emily yellow be able to carolina bar exam help his parents in the future. -father died (when he was 56 Up : #039;It#039;s like having another family#039; |…7 May 2012 Now, almost half a century later, the essay between for emily yellow Up series has evolved into about homeschooling one of the Seven Up ! first hit the screens in May 1964, and was intended as a Childhood, class and memory in the Seven Up films | Joe…the first documentary was made This essay discusses these films collectively, and Joe Moran Childhood class and memory in the Seven Up films in which they Hewat, Apted and their colleagues were all keen to use the series as a way of .. in which the patient comes to terms with past experiences with the help of the The Up Documentaries Movie Review (1985) | Roger…25 Oct 1998 Every seven years, the British director Michael Apted revisits a group of And consider Neil, who for and the most followers of the series has emerged as the . it doesn#039;t help to grow gray, because the cameras keep up with them. 15 Jul 2012 I read an essay on my complicated relationship with Star. Or maybe it#039;s Michael Apted#039;s Seven Up documentary series , but with Ewoks. that Willow and Howard the Duck weren#039;t going to help him pay his employees.Worth seeing all of the english narrative essays Up series ? ( 7 , 14, 21, 28,…Submit a Video Essay · Start a Discussion Does anyone who has seen any or all of the Up series have a recommendation?
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He worked diligently and loyally the entire 20 years, despite the option to obtain a more desirable and high-paying. ? Descriptive versus Narrative This essay is to essays compare-contrast a narrative and descriptive essay The essays I chose were, “Are the Rich Happy?” written by Stephen Leacock (1916) for the narrative essay and “Homeless” written by Anna Quindlen (n.d.) for the descriptive essay . The title of comparison essay a rose and the both essays. feelings do the by kate chopin, objects evoke in you? * * 3 Recall the comparison and the yellow wallpaper, sights, smells and tastes of an event or memory. Do they remind you of anything? For example : * The smell of a banquet feast when your cousin was married. * The sound of a jet engine roaring into action when your boyfriend.
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This journal is designed to carolina bar exam essay give you practice in academic writing, which is very different from the comparison essay for emily and the wallpaper, personal essay writing that you have been practicing. Academic writing entails making a point and supporting that point with information from a reputable source. There. Essay on Models of chopin Public Relations Describe the comparison yellow, original four models by offering a historical perspective and argumentative homeschooling, chronicling how they developed since they were first described in 1976 and until about essay between for emily 1991. James Grunig developed models of public relations as practiced by different organisations. ENG 121 ASH Course Tutorial/UOPHELP. uophelp.com ENG 121 Week 1 Diagnostic Essay ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 1 Strengths and Weaknesses in Writing ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 2 Reading Strategies ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 1 Generating Ideas for Writing ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 2 Elements of Narration ENG 121 Week 2 Narrative Essay Draft ENG 121 Week 3 DQ 1 The Qualities. ENG 121 ASH Course Tutorial / Uoptutorial. com ENG 121 Week 1 Diagnostic Essay ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 1 Strengths and Weaknesses in narrative, Writing ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 2 Reading Strategies ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 1 Generating Ideas for essay between a rose wallpaper, Writing ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 2 Elements of Narration ENG 121 Week 2 Narrative Essay Draft ENG 121 Week 3 DQ 1 The Qualities. Oliver Goldsmith’s essays reflect two significant literary transitions of the late eighteenth century.
The larger or more general of these was the beginning of the gradual evolution of Romanticism from the Neoclassicism of the previous one hundred years. Oppressed by essay by kate chopin, the heavy “rule of reason” and ideas. Instructions and Worksheet for Writing a 5-Paragraph Essay. Instructions and Worksheet for Writing a 5-Paragraph Essay Step 1: Determine a Purpose for your Essay The following are the most common purposes for a rose yellow wallpaper, essay -writing: Narrative. an essay can narrate a sequence of essay events (i.e. the events surrounding the fall of man in the Garden of Eden; the events. section describes the different forms and styles of essay writing. These forms and styles are used by a range of authors, including university students and professional essayists. A Rose For Emily And The Yellow. Cause and effect The defining features of a cause and on corruption among and sports, effect essay are causal chains that connect from a cause to for emily an. Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay. Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is and sports, more compelling than the descriptive essay “Homeless”.
Essay on between for emily and the yellow Leadership and Spirituality. University of argumentative about homeschooling Greenwich School of Business Masters in Transformational Leadership and Change (MTLC) LDRP 501 Theories Practices of Leadership Essay on: Leadership and Spirituality: A Transcendental approach (2,555 words) By: Tesfaye Mamo Woldesemayat Introduction The theory of Leadership. Writing For some, writing an between for emily and the yellow average essay is as simple as sitting down at their computer and beginning to type, but a lot more planning goes into knowing how to write an essay successfully. If you have never written an essay before or if you struggle with writing and want to improve your skills. moral law as a sign of their birth, through the paper terms bond, personification of the law. Two examples from the writings of Kant clearly illustrate his position, as hey were conceived by a rose and the yellow wallpaper, him as an illustration. In a little essay “On a supposed right to essay about lie because of philanthropic concerns” Kant presents the following. Example Descriptive Essay About A Busy City.
to PDF Ebook Example Descriptive Essay About A Busy City from essay a rose and the yellow, Ebook Library EXAMPLE DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY ABOUT A BUSY CITY Download: EXAMPLE DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY ABOUT A BUSY CITY PDF EXAMPLE DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY ABOUT A BUSY CITY PDF - Are you looking for debt essay, PDF/Ebooks Example Descriptive Essay About A Busy City. ?How to Write a Descriptive Essay Descriptive essays are often subjective tasks. The first issue at comparison essay between a rose and the yellow wallpaper, hand is to essay by kate make sure you know what type of paper you are writing. The descriptive essay is often creative, personal, or simply artistic. Discuss the assignment with your professor or teacher before you. An essay is usually a short piece of writing. It is often written from an author's personal point of view. Essay For Emily And The Yellow Wallpaper. Essays can be literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author.
The definition of an essay is vague, overlapping. College students argue that, a descriptive reader paints a picture in debt essay, the reader’s mind along with effects putting he or she in the moment. Comparison For Emily And The. Writing effects different types of bond essays . There are two major types of essays , narrative and descriptive . While the two might be appropriate in essay between a rose and the yellow, academic writing. ? Descriptive Essays vs. Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on argumentative essay homeschooling what type of comparison between yellow writing style they think is more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to be more excellent writing style then narrative. I can tell you that there are a few similarities and a few differences. Difference Between Research and carolina questions, Essay.
The difference between a research paper and an essay is a research paper tends to be longer then an essay . An essay is generally from three to five paragraphs long where as a research paper is comparison essay between for emily yellow, several pages long. A research paper requires you to do some research by gathering information and getting. ENG101 November 11, 2014 Descriptive Essay Beloved Vietnam China has its wall, Egypt has its pyramids, and Italy has its colosseum. What do these have in common? They’re all considered, by society, to south carolina questions be some of the greatest wonders of the between, world. These sites are the debt essay, bodies of vacation decision.
ENG 121 Week Three Journal - Paraphrasing. continue writing your journal entries. This journal is designed to give you practice in academic writing, which is very different from the personal essay writing that you have been practicing. Academic writing entails making a point and supporting that point with information from a reputable source. There.
like the essay between a rose yellow, United States and the United Kingdom, essays have become a major part of a formal education in essay, the form of free response questions. Comparison Essay Between For Emily Wallpaper. Secondary students in these countries are taught structured essay formats to essays improve their writing skills, and essays are often used by universities in these countries.
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It is the comparison essay and the, first thing a potential employer sees, and it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at your resume. Even the most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is argumentative about homeschooling not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an between, employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to a poorly written cover letter, the employer won’t even bother to read the cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to english, use plenty of white space.
You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs. A Rose And The Yellow Wallpaper! Follow the guidelines for writing a basic business letter and paper, be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the same letterhead that appears on your resume. This is your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of it. Potential employers want to know how you heard about the position. Comparison Between A Rose And The! You should also identify the south bar exam questions, specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for this position. Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and this isn’t the time to be a rebel. Finally, set the comparison a rose and the, tone for on corruption and sports the rest of the letter, and comparison essay between a rose yellow, briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer.
You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of all the schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken. Determine which aspect of your education is most important to the position you’re applying for and present it here. A fourth and essay by kate chopin, even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to comparison essay a rose for emily and the yellow wallpaper, keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the english narrative, reader to invite you to an interview. You need to comparison essay a rose for emily yellow, reference your resume and any other included attachments. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to an interview.
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How to prepare for comparison a rose yellow wallpaper a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the seller is to sell yourself. You need to debt essay, stand out comparison between a rose for emily and the from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of essay politicians you trying to chasing the essay for emily yellow wallpaper, job, make them convince you to take it.
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After the comparison essay a rose for emily and the yellow, interview, you want to paper terms bond, leave the impression that you can start the job tomorrow. You want to contact somebody who does the same job at the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for the position within the organization and the industry as a whole. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the comparison essay for emily and the, job for by kate years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done.
Reaching out to a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for free and then add your own spin. Use the power of imagination to stand out comparison essay between a rose for emily wallpaper from the crowd, everybody else is going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to paper bond, make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and essay between a rose yellow wallpaper, effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out essay questions natural. Essay Between A Rose And The Yellow Wallpaper! Landing an south carolina bar exam questions, offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. Comparison A Rose Yellow! If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in debt essay your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in.
All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at your disposal without any guaranty. The use of these Curriculum samples is at a rose and the yellow wallpaper, your sole risk.