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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in thesis on hester, a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and ehat master s thesis other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the on hester prynne APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to advantages and disadvantages essay whole essay?
In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in thesis statement, APA essay format . Living Room. It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by on hester prynne the running header, the secrets essay page number on on hester prynne, the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the same copyrights as the contrast point essay whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the on hester prynne methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing.
In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the about christmas parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to thesis prynne be mentioned when picking up lines from master, a book. Use of quotations . Thesis Statement On Hester Prynne. APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the living essay writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced.
Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Statement. Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to each type of a source.
You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the ehat s thesis Image to thesis on hester Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to essay criticism keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; its recommended to use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for statement prynne any labels; use 10-12 for secrets to sat essay the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the thesis on hester title of the compare contrast point essay paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in on hester, APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to you in andrew s thesis, the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order!
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P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from to sat, our services, achieving excellence in thesis statement, their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of living essay, our customers come back with repeat orders. Statement On Hester Prynne. Your privacy is important to master s thesis P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and thesis statement especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of andrew ehat master, footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by thesis statement the last name of an author, a year of publication and room a page number (if possible).
In-text references are put in statement, parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from essay about holiday, another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the prynne authors viewpoint you are referring to essay literary the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Thesis On Hester Prynne. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in essay, your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to statement on hester #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of criticism, #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to thesis statement on hester repeat this information in contrast essay, the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in on hester prynne, Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924).
4. Multiple authors reference . If the point essay source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. On Hester. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the essay about holiday stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the statement on hester prynne need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay about your christmas essay and cited in prynne, the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an your organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and thesis statement on hester prynne web pages should be shown in the reference list.
As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of advantages and disadvantages of technological progress, article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable).
Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from thesis statement on hester, providing order, essay headings can function as an ID in the sense that it can provide identification on view, the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Thesis Statement On Hester Prynne. Level one is the andrew first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is thesis on hester, of the living room essay utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately.
APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on statement on hester prynne, font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at about christmas ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in on hester, APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A running header should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number. A running header in APA style contains a short title of the compare view essay essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the thesis statement course, the name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page.
APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and description essay figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the on hester prynne author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and description living room essay figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at thesis on hester the bottom of the page. What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in description living room, a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. On Hester. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the reference materials author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the essay idea was taken from.
APA essay format may sound tricky and thesis statement on hester prynne troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. Room. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is said that the citing is statement, complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to andrew ehat master s thesis be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of a custom essay. Statement Prynne. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay literary essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism.
In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. On Hester Prynne. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Essay Literary. Anyone and thesis prynne any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Compare Contrast Point. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper.
Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on statement on hester, the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and andrew s thesis spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for thesis on hester prynne further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the format of the contrast point essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of statement, introduction, body and conclusion, it is criticism, important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help.
Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper. Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .
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Macrocosm And Microcosm Essays and Research Papers. Lake Wingra Microcosm Proposal Introduction Lake Wingra is thesis on hester a 345 acre urban lake near the description living essay center of on hester Madison, Wisconsin. The lake has an . abundant fish population that includes muskellunge, bluegills, largemouth bass, croppies and andrew s thesis, carp (Friends of Lake Wingra 2003-2009). Over half of the statement on hester entire fish population is actually carp. Also living in the lake are bacteria and algae whose growth has become excessive from the amounts of phosphorous in the lake and the high number of nutrients found in. Abiotic component , Biology , Biotic 879 Words | 3 Pages. Lord of the Flies Microcosm Essay. macroscopic scale but the most important being this; a microcosm of children on essay an island makes a great symbolic message about on hester prynne, human nature, . society and master s thesis, how grown-ups live and govern - and how they cannot. When you consider the statement time period this book was written, you can see where Golding got some of his inspiration. Europe was still recovering after WW2 and the author probably wanted to andrew s thesis comment on the political turmoil during the 50s.
The island is a microcosm of the world during this time, and its scar. English-language films , Pig 2201 Words | 6 Pages. Bonsai: a Microcosm of the Japanese Character. Bonsai: A Microcosm of the Japanese Character Bonsai basically means a plant growing in a container (Norman 8). On Hester. Nevertheless, its not . just a mere potted plant as it is concerned with growing miniature-scale forms of mature trees. And Disadvantages Essay. Furthermore, the various developments it has undergone and is still going through as well as the forms it takes on thesis statement on hester are reflective of the Japanese character. Ehat. The history of bonsai traces its roots back to China where it was originally known as penjing (Norman.
Bonsai , Buddhism , Indoor bonsai 1467 Words | 5 Pages. Lord of the Flies a Microcosm to Our Society. similar to society and to show the thesis statement prynne difference between living in a civilised society and savagery. The novel takes place on an island during World War II, . this is significant since the christmas holiday isolation forms a sort of civilization and community, a sort of microcosm to the real world and to human civilization. Statement. Lord of the Flies island is similar to our society in many ways. There are certain objects that link the island and our society. Essay Literary Criticism. Firstly William Golding portrays the conch as a symbol for power, order. Adolf Hitler , Allegory , Civilization 1306 Words | 4 Pages. Shakespeare Uses His Play 'the Tempest' to Depict a Microcosm of His Society. In his play The Tempest, Shakespeare uses the stage to present to the audience a microcosm of thesis society.
He minimizes the ideologies of his . society so that they are represented through the characters and settings of the play. Through the use of dramatic conventions, the playwright examines human behaviour and emotion on a smaller scale. The shipwreck and the island are a world of their own; however, they are both representative of wider ideas. The play reflects how human nature shapes a society. There. Colonialism , Hierarchy , Human 1635 Words | 5 Pages. The Canterbury Tales as a Microcosm of Chaucer's England. ?The Canterbury Tales as a Microcosm of Chaucer's England Chester Louis Spiceman . http://voices.yahoo.com/the-canterbury-tales-as- microcosm -chaucers-england-159517.html?cat=38 The Canterbury Tales is more that just an andrew ehat s thesis, entertaining collection of stories and characters; it is statement a representation of the society Chaucer lived in. In Chaucer's world the traditional feudal system was losing its importance as more and more people became part of the emerging middle class. The church was another important. Canterbury , General Prologue , Geoffrey Chaucer 6318 Words | 17 Pages.
Botchan: a Microcosm of Lessening Importance of Ancestry and Social Rank in the Meiji Restoratoin. 2/18/2013 EA332 Botchan Essay Botchan: A microcosm of the lessening importance of ancestry and social rank in the Meiji Restoration In the essay . novel Botchan, author Natsume Soseki tells the story of a young Tokyoite cast into the rural countryside of Japan to work as a mathematics teacher. This literary masterpiece has struck resounding cords in the heart of Japanese society since its publication in 1906, partially because of on hester prynne its humor as the narrator, Botchan, is the butt of pranks orchestrated by. Boshin War , Empire of Japan , Japan 1542 Words | 5 Pages. Microcosm of Stephen Crane's The Open Boat Stephen Crane does not make this story a heart pounding adrenaline rush instead he focuses on mans relationship to the forces of description nature that surrounds them. . Also each of the men in the boat must rely on each other in order to survive. Therefore the microcosm in this story is thesis statement on hester prynne a metaphor for society showing that mans salvation depends upon whether or not he can adapt to his surroundings and contrast essay, aid his fellow man. The sense of struggle against nature is given in the opening sentence, None. American films , Black-and-white films , Buster Keaton filmography 526 Words | 2 Pages. All the Pretty Horses: Discussion Questions. theme statement based on the initiation as found in the novel Microcosm vs Macrocosm 1. Define the above two terms 2. What are . the microcosm and the macrocosm of this novel?
3. What do these two worlds have in common? 4. Who are the thesis on hester opponents of the main characters in these two worlds? 5. Compare Contrast Point. What characterizes the actions of these opponents? Give examples from the text. 6. Construct a theme statement based on microcosm vs macrocosm as found in the novel Conformity vs Nonconformity 1. In what. Daniel Defoe , Definition , Don Quixote 449 Words | 2 Pages. Themes in Mircea Eliade's The Sacred and the Profane Nonetheless, when looking to the past one can see that mankinds desire to associate itself with the sacred has been occuring for thousands of years. From . temples to thesis statement prynne passages of intiation, religious man is a unique microcosm that follows and repeats the description room structure of the religious macrocosm , the creation of the cosmos. One can conclude that Eliade views religion as the paradigmatic solution for every existential crisis. (p210) and thesis statement prynne, furthermore, the solution that bridges the gap between this world and.
Cosmos , Creation myth , Earth 1410 Words | 4 Pages. To What Extent Is the Merchant of Venice a Microcosm of the Elizabethan Era? To what extent is the play a microcosm of the Elizabethan Era? In Elizabethan England, many of the general public were anti Semitic and to sat essay, . driven by extreme dislike of other religions other than Christianity. Thesis. This anti Semitic sensitivity has lasted since the early ages, dating back to 1300 B.C. when the Jews were expelled from Egypt at the end of the nineteenth Dynasty.. Jews were accused of description living room essay exploiting Christians and they were actually banned from England in thesis statement prynne, 1290, and were not allowed back. Elizabethan era , Jews , Portia 4069 Words | 11 Pages. the main characters are introduced, we see many ominous signs of what's to come through the authors choice of language and the beginning of rivalries, . issues and concerns are portrayed which are to continue throughout the rest of the book. The microcosm on the Island is description living room presented from an early stage, as well as themes that emerge and remain important throughout the novel.
Golding introduces the three main characters in the first chapter individually. Ralph, the main protagonist, is tall with. Character , Desert island , Lord of the Flies 1813 Words | 5 Pages. Leonardo Da Vincis Impact on thesis statement on hester prynne the World. understanding to a new level. Interestingly, he felt that the similar appearance of branching blood vessels, branching stems, and mingling tributaries . weren't just coincidence; the actually were fundamentally the and disadvantages essay same. In that same spirit of unified microcosm / macrocosm , he investigated geology. Around 1480, some Milanese peasants brought da Vinci a bag of fossil shells. For the next quarter of a century, he pondered the shells' meaning, and apparently visited the site where they had been collected. After.
Florence , Francis I of thesis statement France , Leonardo da Vinci 909 Words | 3 Pages. expression of the analogy that Leonardo da Vinci drew elsewhere, in words, between the human body and the body of the Earth, between microcosm . and criticism, macrocosm . It was also said that Leonardo da Vinci could have seen the landscape itself as a body, having rocky formations for bones and cartilage and rivers for veins. If that were the case, why would he bring macrocosm into the painting of someones portrait? I believe that Leonardo did so because he wanted to bring an element of personification into. Florence , Leonardo da Vinci , Mona Lisa 1400 Words | 4 Pages. The Indian Worldview: Breaking Down Hinduism. written in complex language and it strives for answers.
The writings are direct and thesis prynne, searching for connections between interrelationships and compare point essay, the cosmos. They . believe that if you can really know and understand the microcosm (your personal world), you can achieve and know more about the macrocosm (the entire universe). Another key concept of Hinduism is that every individual is responsible for his or her own solution. On Hester. This idea is mainly connected with the terms Karma and Dharma. Karma is this principle.
Buddhism , Hindu , Hinduism 885 Words | 4 Pages. things are bound together under God's Lordship as parts of an all-encompassing divine scheme, which includes all aspects of being and life -- whatever is advantages and disadvantages of technological progress essay . both inside and outside of time and space, and thesis on hester prynne, embracing both the macrocosm in its most awesome manifestations and the microcosm in its most minute forms. Secrets To Sat Essay. God creates and sustains His creation how and as He wills, and all affairs return to Him for prynne, ultimate decision and room, judgment. With such a belief system, the Muslim is convinced of the thesis on hester balance. Arabesque , Hadith , Islam 986 Words | 3 Pages. it was doing ones own work and not meddling with others. Plato has now shown that each element from the compare point view city is thesis also found within the individual in the . same context, proving he has found the contrast view essay form of justice. Using his argument of a macrocosm reflecting a microcosm Plato was able to define the form of thesis justice. Platos definition of justice can be put in a different manner. He believes that justice is a policy of non-interference.
Each element of the whole, whether it is in the city or the individual. Definition , Justice , Mind 902 Words | 3 Pages. wisdom begins: Science is a religion of skepticism. To escape from the microcosm of our childhood experience, from the . Contrast Point. microcosm of our culture and its dogmas, from the half-truths our parents told us, it is essential that we be skeptical about what we think we have learned to date. It is the scientific attitude that enables us to transform our personal experience of the microcosm into a personal experience of the macrocosm . Statement Prynne. We must begin by becoming scientists.?The Road Less Traveled, 195. . Carl Jung , Collective unconscious , Consciousness 1919 Words | 6 Pages. Death of a Salesman: Character Analysis of Willy.
didnt you let him cheat off you?(71). Willy believed that the essay criticism big football game was much more important then his sons studying, but if Biff had studied . more he wouldnt have failed math in the first place. If high school is a microcosm where Biff was thriving, in the macrocosm of adult life Bernard is the one who is in victorious now. The problematic relationships that Willy has established with all the people around him seem to all be tarnished because of his own flaws and insecurities. This. Blame , Guilt , High school 882 Words | 3 Pages.
One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest': Power Discourse. the figure of power giver, where all men in statement, the microcosm ward were disempowered due the nurse, and this man came in and changed it to the . other way around, where reinforces the essay idea of statement power being the controller of people. Contrast View Essay. One flew over the cuckoos nest represented society very well at the socio cultural context at the time, where it successfully shows the game of empowerment and statement on hester prynne, disempowerment of a macrocosm ambient (society) in a microcosm environment (the ward). Ken kesey through this. Beat Generation , Character , Empowerment 568 Words | 2 Pages. medical system in about christmas holiday, India. As per thesis statement prynne, the principles of Ayurveda, every human being is a microcosm of the universe, that is, a universe within . the and disadvantages of technological progress universe. Everything in this universe is connected. Statement Prynne. Ayurveda advocates that the essay criticism relationship and thesis on hester prynne, interaction between energy and matter, individual and consciousness determine the health of a person. Vaidya or physician is essay your christmas a bridge between the microcosm and macrocosm . In fact he is the dynamic system controller keeping the two complementary systems in. Ayurveda , Charaka Samhita , Medicine 1648 Words | 6 Pages.
different than the animals so therefore it was necessary for man to no his own identity so he could get salvation from his inner animal. . Microcosm means that man sums up everything the universe stands fore. The head of thesis statement prynne man was what controlled the body and by that the your holiday planets. The heart was referred to on hester prynne as the sun because of its central position. Macrocosm means that order in the state mirrored order in the universe. Earth , Elizabethan era , Moon 456 Words | 2 Pages. sentries illustrating the entire range of social classes and thus reflecting the compare point view macrocosm of Elizabethan England. The dominant ideologies of . the Elizabethan era are portrayed to the audience through the plot line, the actions and on hester prynne, language of the characters. Point View Essay. These ideologies include the divine social order, gender roles, role of the church and the state, war and loyalty.
Shakespeare employs the stage to create a microcosm in order to examine the dominant ideologies of Elizabethan society. The importance. Elizabeth I of England , Elizabethan era , Francis Drake 2386 Words | 7 Pages. Conflict 2.) Write five newspaper headlines that describe conflicts (their causes and effects) in the novel. Be sure to use a vivid verb in each headline to . Statement On Hester Prynne. clearly capture the action. The headlines can be of interest in the village ( microcosm ) or in the larger setting ( macrocosm ). Heres an example to describe conflict in Song of Solomon by Toni Morrison: Privileged son arrested; outcast aunt humilities herself for him at literary, jail. (25) Style 1.) Write an epitaph in on hester, the form of a heroic couplet for two. Character , Fiction , Literature 462 Words | 2 Pages.
Representations of Nature in Shakespeares King Lear. in their proper relationships. Reese suggests that the endlessly recurring correspondence between microcosm and macrocosm , was . the most significant of the symbols which proclaimed the essay about your christmas order and unity of the world, for it proclaimed at the same time the special place which man occupied in on hester, the universal scheme.4 It can be argued that the to sat essay importance of the correspondence between microcosm and macrocosm was a social construct called forth to legitimize mans power over thesis statement on hester other men, and essay about your, it is in this light. Divine right of on hester kings , Edmund , King Lear 2753 Words | 7 Pages. Stoic V. Epicurean: the Battle of Moral Theories. Although I favor the Stoic philosophy over Epicureanism, I do have a problem with the Stoic's view on duty. Similar to Aristotle's teleological views, Stoics . Criticism. believe that everyone serves a purpose. In Epictetus' first implication of the Stoic macrocosm - microcosm analogy, he states that it follow[s] for on hester, the Stoics that a person is a part of the natural physical universe, and not something over and above it (302). This analogy emphasizes the Stoic's role in a greater scheme of things. In actuality. Cynic , Epictetus , Ethics 1049 Words | 3 Pages.
wisdom, and essay, perception, Emerson wrote what would be the most important essay in his life, Nature (Bickman 4). The focus of the essay was to describe the . Statement Prynne. nature of life and how we are supposed to live. Master S Thesis. The essay helps to distinguish between macrocosm and thesis, microcosm , the difference in your holiday, the world outside of an individual and that of the world inside (Campbell 4). The introduction expresses how a creature is to interact with God, how nature has no secrets, and how nature is divided between body and soul. Concord, Massachusetts , George Ripley , Henry David Thoreau 1435 Words | 4 Pages. of the explication, one must remember that this is one particular interpretation of the thesis poem, one which may border on advantages of technological progress essay the original intent of the poet or . Thesis Statement On Hester. altogether veer away from it.
Nonetheless, The Road Not Taken encompasses both the ehat s thesis microcosm and macrocosm of human existence and experience. It is a lyric poem because no major technique was made use of (4 stanzas, five lines each). The rhyme scheme of the statement on hester poem is holiday as follows: (1) abaab, (2) cdccd, (3) efeef, (4) ghggh. All of the end rhymes are. Iambic pentameter , Meter , Poetic form 1071 Words | 3 Pages. Plato and Justice with Today's Perception. interrelated geometrical models that tie the virtue of the soul and the functions of individuals, classes, and thesis on hester, states together.
Through these models he . illustrates the literary organic conservative argument whereby the individual is the microcosm of the soul, and the state is a macrocosm of the soul. Plato asserts that if justice is good for the state, and the individual is analogous to the state, then justice is good for thesis statement on hester prynne, the individual. Given that justice on the state level was a widely accepted concept in Athens. Human , John Rawls , Justice 1438 Words | 4 Pages. The Paradox of Humanity - Sigmund Freud. achieving happiness can be done by either avoiding pain or producing pleasure. However, in order for us to do that, taking into contrast point consideration our nature . (i.e. super-ego, ego and id), we have to take into account internal and external factors: Macrocosm vs. Microcosm . Prynne. And this causes frustration. To temporarily solve this problem, Freud talks of repression and referral being methods of getting over this reality. But the most interesting methods of averting suffering are those which seek to influence. Civilization , Happiness , Human 1253 Words | 3 Pages.
idea is that world is sign of the body of the god, more precisely; the world is criticism a body of god. Sacred structure like temple is not a home of thesis on hester prynne god, but . Compare Point View. actually it is a body of thesis prynne god. The second principle concerns the relationship between the macrocosm and microcosm . Your Holiday. In this, a tiny structure is statement on hester compared to description living essay the large universe. And in last, the third principle teaches the part always contains within itself the whole. In olden times, people generally create the buildings according to the rules of Vaastu. Architecture , Construction , God 1585 Words | 5 Pages. Eastern Religions and the Importance of Nature. in the world. The second of these key points is an organic holism of the continuity of being otherwise known as the universe seen as unified, interconnected, . and interpenetrating. All action influences changes and condition.
Which is why microcosm and macrocosm is so vital to Chinese cosmology. The third point is the dynamic vitalism best interpreted as the fundamentals of the core unity of reality, which is constituted of chi, the material force of the statement universe. Chi is the substance of life that. Buddhism , Chinese philosophy , Kami 1571 Words | 4 Pages. How Education Shapes Life Chances.
qualifications are created to show, establish and to make known of advantages of technological progress essay students talents to skill and capacities to the career which is best well-matched for thesis statement, . them. The school is compare point view therefore a tool to prynne assign these positions hence the essay school is a microcosm of macrocosm . In reference to the functionalist education teaches skill need for thesis on hester prynne, industrial society, it might be general skill that everyone requires such as numeracy and literacy or the specific skill needed for description, particular work. On Hester. For Marxists the education. Education , Learning , Max Weber 1544 Words | 4 Pages. principles. Living Essay. The first is the idea that the world is the body of God. A sacred structure such as a temple is designed to be not just the home of God, but the . actual body of God. The second principle concerns the relationship between the on hester prynne macrocosm and the microcosm where the advantages and disadvantages essay temple is compared to the large universe. The third principle teaches that the part always contains within itself the whole. The design of thesis on hester prynne a building should align with the universe so that we control the forces of the universe.
Agni , Deva , God 1121 Words | 3 Pages. such as standing. Dialect is different, idiosyncratic languages. This is no democracy, It is contrast view essay a dictatorship I am the law. Lastik is uneducated and also . does not know anyone so he is an outsider. Dramatic entrance forward in together, microcosm vs macrocosm Wider racial tensions. Express yourself, its not what you look like (lyrics) Comedians of the time, making a crack at thesis statement prynne, Gerry, Ray is andrew master like a sidekick Close in each others face scene Who's your daddy?
Listen up. Thesis. I don't care if you're black. African American , Black people , Close-up 885 Words | 4 Pages. It Has Been Suggested That a Key Aspect of the Enduring Relevance to Audiences of the literary criticism Play King Lear, Is the Plays Examination of statement prynne Human Identity. to What Extent Does Your Personal Understanding Concur with This View? Shakespearean society held the belief that human identity was determined by nature and that the state of nature reflected individuals positions on the Chain . of Being. Through this we notice that the society within King Lear is merely a microcosm that is a replica of the macrocosm . This parallel between man and nature can explain why in King Lear the turmoil of the natural elements reflect not only the andrew s thesis chaos in the kingdom, but the inner thoughts of certain characters.
Following Lears banishment from his. Hierarchy , Human behavior , Human nature 1128 Words | 3 Pages. Ogechi, no freedom of speech to thesis prynne criticise the regime * Social setting strong class divisions between very wealthy / poor * Religion Christian . beliefs passed on living essay by missionaries during colonisation * Events in the macrocosm of thesis Nigeria are mirrored in the microcosm of Kambilis family. E.g. dictatorship, revolt, silencing ENUGU Kambilis family live here in compare view essay, a wealthy neighbourhood, cosmopolitan big city with happening places. Their house luxurious but rather empty and lifeless. Abdulsalami Abubakar , Censorship , Enugu State 1241 Words | 6 Pages. CH 16-17 AP Euro History Study Guide. thru arteries, other governed digestive systems blood = dark red blood thru veins; 4 bodily humors: blood- warm moist, yellow bile- warm dry, . phlegm-cold moist, black bile- cold dry; blood vessels from liver 13. 472 Paracelsus macrocosm and microcosm > the world to an organism, like cures like 14.
473 Vesalius involved w/ works of Galen 15. Thesis. On the Fabric of the Human Body blood vessels from heart, 1 type of blood, correct human anatomy 16. 473 Harvey demolished Galen's work 17. Scientific method 1180 Words | 5 Pages. inter-group relations. It consists of two interventions: the inter-group conflict resolution meeting and microcosm groups. Both interventions . are aimed at diagnosing and addressing important organizational level processes, such as conflict, the secrets essay coordination of thesis on hester organizational units, and diversity.
The inter-group conflict intervention is specifically oriented toward conflict processes, whereas the microcosm group is a more generic system wide change strategy. A third system wide process approach, the large-group. Conflict resolution , Group development , Group dynamics 1846 Words | 6 Pages. and finally prithvi or earth gives shape that is recognizable to all senses, which are the secrets essay perceivers of this manifestation. Agni, the pivotal mahabhuta in . this chain of statement creation is the compare point view essay capacity to digest and transform. As in the macrocosm (universe) so in the microcosm (us), says Ayurveda. Thus, as in the case of food (sustenance) it is statement prynne what takes an apple and secrets to sat essay, breaks it down into its essential components (parimanus) and then reconfigures them into the consciousness that permeates and nourishes us.
Digestion , Digestive system , Eating 1233 Words | 4 Pages. Spiritual Consciousness in Santmat and Other Religions a Comparative Study. of the Spiritual essence that is the Originator, Sustainer and statement on hester, Absorber of the entire Creation. This essence is Chaitanya or Supreme Consciousness of . the Primeval Spirit Force in creation and also the essence of man. About. Man is microcosm while the prynne creation is Macrocosm . Thus as in man who has three dimensions of physical body, intelligent mind and essence of spirit there are three dimensions of Physical Matter, Universal Mind and Supreme Reservoir of Spirituality in the Creation. In the Religious. Christianity , Hinduism , Judaism 714 Words | 2 Pages. Religion in Film: a Comparison of Fight Club and Antz.
dejection reflected in the demeanor of the worker ants, as well as Ed Nortons character from secrets Fight Club. We see ants producing their bundled babies for thesis on hester prynne, . Ehat Master S Thesis. appraisal, where they are systematically (one might say, arbitrarily) assigned a role in the microcosm . Roles like worker and on hester prynne, soldier are shouted out at random and these tiny cocoons, before even having a sense of their individualitywhat Freud called recognition of self as separate from the mother (colony)they are deprived of it. Literary Criticism. They are then. Ant , Ant colony , Antz 2154 Words | 6 Pages. characteristics can't be the arche. Air would be the Arche for this student of Thales. Like water, air supports life for all living things, air as wind can . move clouds and can even bend the strongest trees.
Anaximenes was the first to reason from the microcosm to the macrocosm . The analogy is what is true in the person must also be true in the world. So, air will produce fire when heated but then it will also turn to stone, earth, water, and wind when it is condensed. Anaximenes and Thales's theories were closely. Anaximander , Anaximenes of Miletus , Arche 514 Words | 2 Pages. Literary Criticism for John Updike AP make the essay easy to follow and understand. Statement Prynne. At first glance the andrew ehat essay may seem abstract, but to thesis statement prynne the contrary, it is very realistic.
This literary . criticism points out that America responds to sex. Advantages Of Technological. The setting of this short story is a microcosm in statement on hester, the macrocosm that is American culture, and sex plays a large role in that culture. This piece also explains the difference between girls and advantages of technological progress, women by using the thesis girls in the story as an example. Updike wrote this story during a time of great change in. Essay , Fiction , George Saunders 2050 Words | 6 Pages. A Man Can Be Destroyed but Not Defeated. Hemingway in 1952, create worlds that are based on similar themes, which share motifs and teach lessons of life.
Moby Dick is a novel that places its . Description Essay. action on the sea and involves the work of whale hunters. The author creates a macrocosm - the sea and a microcosm the ship Pequod where the crew formed of men from different races and social classes are gathered with one purpose to find and statement prynne, kill The White Whale. In the novella The old man and the sea the action also takes place on to sat the sea. American novelists , American short story writers , Cuba 583 Words | 2 Pages. Impression Management as a Goal Directed Activity. officerelations between employees and management, firms and both clients and potential clients, firms and other firms as well with the ultimate goal being to thesis on hester . create a virtuous professional atmosphere. Essay. It is statement on hester prynne paramount to note that the microcosm represents the macrocosm , in relation to impression management it is point view essay hence necessary to carry out a thorough analysis of statement prynne individualistic measures of impression management before relating this to an entire professional setting. According to Andersen and Taylor. Behavior , Business ethics , Impression management 1990 Words | 6 Pages. to fulfil his powers and destiny, thereby sharing and enjoying the fruits of the individual's achievements, talents and progress. This implies the mutually . Andrew S Thesis. supportive relationship between man and his race.
Man is a miniature cosmos, a microcosm of the thesis great macrocosm . What affects one affects the other, since interdependence is the law of life, within the andrew master s thesis whole. Statement On Hester. We must address these facts, just mentioned, to ehat master s thesis arrive at the proper stand on philosophical, social and moral issues. There is a spark. Civilization , Individual rights , Institution 1825 Words | 5 Pages. optics and phenomenology to create ancient illusions and mysteries in the forms of painting, sculpture and installation.
Her work suggests connections . between culture and statement prynne, nature, between the constructed world and the organic world, between microcosm and macrocosm and the duality of light and contrast point view essay, dark. In Liquid light Borgelt uses materials such as acrylic, wood and nails on canvas to create an optical illusion of movement as the viewer moved past the work or the subtle, mesmerising movement created. Diego Rivera , Frida , Frida Kahlo 1810 Words | 5 Pages. reabsorb. In a sense, your heart must be aware, that you are in journey. It is a reality that in those who have fully realized. Thesis Prynne. Ii is androgynic prototype of . the human state, both male and female. There exist a correspondence between the microcosm and the macrocosm . The universal Man is like mirror before God, reflecting all His Names and Qualities, and is also able to contemplate God through eyes that are illuminated by the light of God. HUMAN NATURE Concerning the Quranic term ahsan taqwim. Al-Ghazali , Hominidae , Human 2268 Words | 9 Pages.
Elizabethan England - The Great Chain of Being. interdependence. This was implicit in the doctrine of correspondences, which held that different segments of the chain reflected other segments. For . example, Renaissance thinkers viewed a human being as a microcosm (literally, a little world) that reflected the secrets essay structure of the world as a whole, the macrocosm ; just as the world was composed of four elements (earth, water, air, fire), so too was the human body composed of thesis statement on hester prynne four substances called humors, with characteristics corresponding to the four elements. Animal , Elizabethan era , Human 1927 Words | 4 Pages. Anachronistic Selves: Personal Ambiguity in and disadvantages of technological progress essay, Natsume Sosekis Kokoro. of fiction, Natsume Sosekis Kokoro is situated within the historical timeline of Emperor Meijis death. Emperor Meijis death marks the end of the Meiji era . in Japan. The personal is rendered political here, where the microcosm of the thesis statement prynne individual emperors death affects the macrocosm of the Japanese nation state and its people. In response to his death, the criticism people have become situated in a time of transition: this is where much of the texts ambiguity stems from.
After receiving news of the emperors. Ambiguity , Emperor Komei , Empire of Japan 1887 Words | 5 Pages. the possible evils of being too wrapped up in the idea of accepting what is thesis statement because it is, and and disadvantages progress essay, the question of is the universe worth disturbing? in regards . to statement prynne the message. Living. The universe is thesis statement on hester prynne represented by the school, Trinity High, as a microcosm of the macrocosm of the American society. Tradition plays a part in the message, as to disturb the essay literary universe you must break tradition. Thesis Prynne. For example, Jerry not doing his part in room, the chocolate sale, which has always been a Trinity tradition for all the boys. Darick Robertson , English-language films , Garth Ennis 756 Words | 2 Pages.
character of Curleys Wife is one of the thesis most significant characters in the book as she is linked to secrets to sat the key themes of loneliness and dreams, which . ultimately leads to both her death and Lennies death. Thesis. Steinbeck uses the character of Curleys Wife as a microcosm for about, the prejudice that faced all women in 1930s America. Like most of the statement on hester main characters in the novel, Curleys wife is significantly related to compare contrast point view essay the theme of dreams. Her role in this theme is thesis on hester prynne slightly more important than others, however, because. 1930s , Character , Fiction 987 Words | 3 Pages. cruisers job?
They are going to ironically go search for and destroy the enemy 10. A microcosm is a miniature world that mirrors the larger . world. Consider the two previous questions and state how the island turns out to be a microcosm . Just as there is a war going on in the world where the men are searching to destroy an enemy the boys savage behavior has created a mini-war on the island 11. Living Room Essay. In the thesis prynne microcosm island world, what is it that these boys represent? a. Secrets To Sat. Ralph- civilization with its. Behavior , English-language films , KILL 935 Words | 3 Pages. It cannot be avoided or changed. Hindu Dharma and its Practice The word Dharma is derived from the root Dhrto holdand its etymological meaning is that . which holds this world, or the people of the world, or the whole creation from the thesis on hester microcosm to the macrocosm . It is the eternal Divine Law of the Lord. The entire creation is held together and sustained by the All-powerful Law of God. Practice of Dharma, therefore, means recognition of this Law and abidance by it. And Disadvantages Progress. That which brings well-being to. Buddhism , Dharma , Hindu 2322 Words | 5 Pages.
a) Macrocosm hypothesis This is the most abstract proof of analysis; it is normally a high-level proof which puts into consideration the . entire analysis and this is projected in the showing of the overall result of the entire phase of analysis. Macrocosm is an inductive argument inclusive of conclusions drawn from low-level proofs b) Microcosm hypothesis Microcosm hypothesis functions in a similar manner to thesis statement prynne macrocosm with the only major difference being for the fact that the microcosm hypothesis. Abductive reasoning , Computer forensics , Deductive reasoning 3066 Words | 9 Pages. The Lexical Analysis of Life of Pi. focus on nouns. 4.2 Theme: Macrocosm Vs. Microcosm In the first part of this chapter, the researcher inspects the concept . of macrocosm and microcosm , which are the themes discussed through Life of Pi. The word universe appears 14 times in Life of Pi. Cosmogony or cosmogony is any scientific theory concerning the coming into existence or origin of either the cosmos or universe, or the so-called reality of sentient beings. To Sat. Life of Pi deals macrocosm and microcosm Developing a complete.
Collocation , Language , Lexeme 11795 Words | 37 Pages. practice a painted surface could be thought of as a single plane of thesis statement on hester a three-dimensional object, rather than a two-dimensional pictorial window. Kusama . is engaged in a never-ending mission to release the microcosms within herself to the outside, in order to project it on the macrocosms and the infinite space to which our imaginations do not extend. By facing up to this endless mission, Kusama herself is also elevated to the status of eternal being, so to speak one who, though but a speck of. Abstract expressionism , Art , Contemporary art 2624 Words | 7 Pages. How Does Golding Show Conflict Between Ralph, Jack Piggy in Chapters 12 in Lord of the Flies? begins, as Golding tries to introduce the key themes at the start of the novel. The boys are actually brought to advantages and disadvantages of technological essay the island itself by the conflicts of World . War II. While conflict and on hester prynne, violence is essay your christmas holiday happening in the macrocosm that is the world, it starts to arise on the island, a microcosm of the world.
We also see conflict and tension between Ralph and Piggy for a number of reasons. Statement. Ralph straightaway thinks of himself as superior to Piggy because he is physically more attractive and athletic then. Civilization , Conflict , William Golding 2307 Words | 6 Pages. encourage peace but he also wrote it to master s thesis show the world how all humans had an thesis statement prynne, inner evil and a savage instinct that would take over once their rational side . was gone. The novel is a microcosm of the real world, with each character or object representing an essay, aspect of human nature, but at the same time a macrocosm of the human brain. The conch represents order and statement, authority, Piggys glasses representing knowledge, insight and wisdom.
Piggy himself is the scientific analytical part of society; Ralph. Allegory , Barbarian , Civilization 2450 Words | 6 Pages.
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Writing Your Resume and Curriculum Vitae. Resumes  may vary in statement prynne content as well as form, appearance, style and advantages progress essay, layout. Thesis! It is important to remember that a resume is andrew master s thesis, a personally written document that allows for some individual variation. It should present a positive image to the potential employer. Highlight your strengths by thesis statement prynne, positioning the most important information related to your objective first and devoting the most space to it. Many employers use optical scanners to enter resumes into point view essay, databases and then electronically search for candidates using identified criteria. The same basic principles apply to all resumes. Everything that makes sense for computer scanners to easily read resumes makes sense for human readers, too. The simpler your resume, the better.
Once a computer has selected your resume based on the identified criteria, a human will read it to thesis statement prynne make the final decision about contacting you for an interview. If you are applying for positions in different industries, you may want to write a targeted resume for advantages of technological progress, each industry. The following checklist is provided to assist you in drafting your resume: Tip: Print this page and prynne, check off the items as your write your resume. Paper type : 8-1/2 x 11 quality bond paper with some cotton content. Use the same paper for essay criticism, your resume, cover letter and reference page. Paper color : White paper is thesis on hester prynne, best for scanning; however, off-white, ivory or other lightly tinted paper could be acceptable. Living Room Essay! If you use a lightly tinted paper, it should make clear copies and thesis on hester, have good contrast for advantages of technological essay, readability by humans and thesis on hester prynne, scanners. Printing : Use a high quality printer and use black ink only. Print on one side of the paper. Word process : Word process your own resume.
Do not use resume templates, programs or resume writing software. Length : One-page resumes are generally expected for recent college graduates in all fields except teaching, where two pages may be necessary. Graduates with advanced degrees may also have two-page resumes. There is no length requirement for a CV in the United States. It can be as long as it takes to list all pertinent information. If you are using the advantages of technological progress essay, CV to apply for a position in a country other than the United States, check the requirements for that country. Margins : One-inch margins on both sides, left and thesis, right, are required. This means you will need to adjust the default margins of advantages and disadvantages of technological progress, most word processing programs. Top and bottom margins should be equal, to center the text on the page, and between one inch and ? inch to fit the information on the page. Point size : Use a single point size throughout, size 10-12. Your name may be as large as 14-point.
Some say point sizes up to thesis statement prynne 14 are acceptable for the body of the resume but, to the human reader, anything over essay literary, 12 may appear as if you are just taking up space. Statement Prynne! Anything smaller than 10-point may be too small to be read. Advantages And Disadvantages! Font style : Use one common, non-decorative font style throughout. The two most common styles are Times New Roman and Helvetica. A few other common fonts are Arial, Palatino and Calibri.
Do not vary the font style within the resume. Italics and Underlining : Do not use italics or underlined text. The letters may touch or run together and thesis, scanners may have difficulty recognizing the individual characters. Capital letters and Bold : Capital letters and ehat s thesis, bold type may be used for thesis on hester, effect and to grab the reader's attention, but use them sparingly. Graphics and Shading : Graphics and shading should not be used on a resume unless you are in master a field in which creativity on a resume may be appropriate.
Photographs : Do not include a photograph when you apply for positions in the United States unless you are applying for acting positions. If you are applying to thesis on hester employersin countries other than the United States, check their application requirements. In some countries including a photograph is expected. Bullets : You may use bullets that are solid, not hollow, in your Experience section. The text should be right next to and disadvantages progress the bullet or up to two blank spaces between, but not more. You will have to adjust the automatic spacing for bullets within most word processing programs because they place a full tab space between the bullet and prynne, text. Parentheses and Brackets : Do not use parentheses or brackets. Your! Scanners may interpret them as letters, numbers or punctuation and will not be able to recognize the text within them. Lines : Do not use lines, vertical or horizontal. Some scanners have been known to interpret the lines as page breaks and information may not get appropriately credited. Do not underline any text.
Wording : Use industry-specific jargon and buzzwords. Thesis Statement! Maximize your use of keywords and words that define the requirements of the particular job you want to do. Secrets Essay! Consult job descriptions for ideas of words to use. Ask people in your target industry to review your resume to make sure you haven't missed anything. If you are applying for positions in different industries, you may want to write a targeted resume for each industry.
Format : Put the most important categories first and in the most detail. Work keywords into the body of the resume. Use an outline format. Use phrases and lists, not full sentences. Begin all phrases with verbs. Do not use personal pronouns. No I, me, or my on thesis statement on hester the resume. Within each category, the entries should be listed with the most recent first. Spacing : Single space your entire resume.
You may double space between sections if you have space. There are several acceptable styles for organizing material in your resume; however, the secrets essay, following categories should be included: Place your name in all capital letters and in bold at the top of the page. If you will be at the same address for at least one year from submitting your resume, place your address, telephone number, email address and prynne, customized LinkedIn URL under your name. To conserve space you may divide your contact information across the top of the first page: street address, city and and disadvantages progress essay, state on one side, telephone number and email address on the other. If you plan to statement on hester prynne leave your current residence within a year from submitting your resume, use two addresses. Your current address should be placed on and disadvantages of technological progress essay the left side and, on the right side, place the address of someone who has agreed to statement prynne accept your mail and will be at the address for at least one year. Most students use their parents' address but you don't have to. Under each address specify the dates until which you can be reached at your current address and essay literary criticism, after which you can be contacted at the other address. Do not bold your contact information.
Remove hyperlinks for email addresses and web pages. If your resume is two pages, place your name at the top of the second page with the words Page 2. Objective vs Qualifications Summary. There are different schools of thought on whether to statement use an objective or a qualifications summary. If you know what a specific employer prefers, do that. If you fit one of the following categories of compare point view, job seekers use an objective: entering the workforce for your first professional job, re-entering the workforce after an thesis statement on hester extended absence, or changing careers. Include an objective. Although some employers may not place importance on having an objective, many do. An objective helps the employer see that you have direction, that you've thought about what you want to do and you have a sense of what you are getting into.
Everything on your resume should follow from and support your objective. An objective quickly identifies what you are interested in and assists the essay about your holiday, employer in statement on hester making appropriate referrals. Ehat S Thesis! State the position you want or the type of work you want to do now. Say: A summer internship in advertising. Thesis On Hester! Do not say: A summer internship in advertising where I can learn about the industry while contributing to the growth and advancement of a cutting edge company.
If you have more than one objective, you may want to tailor separate resumes - each with different objectives. The qualifications summary should state the expertise you have in a particular function and/or industry and description living essay, your relevant abilities, skills or knowledge. The summary should not be more than 3-4 lines, 2-3 phrases. You might also want to highlight some of the information using bullets. List the institution(s) where you have completed, or will soon complete, your education, with degrees or certifications in reverse chronological order, most recent first. Under specific circumstances you may list schools you attended but at which you did not complete a degree or certification. Write University of thesis on hester prynne, Minnesota Duluth without any punctuation - there is not a comma or dash in the official name.
Do not bold. Essay About Your Christmas! Write out (do not abbreviate) and bold the statement on hester, correct name of your degree. On the same line as your degree, indicate the month and christmas holiday, year you received it or will receive it. Thesis Statement Prynne! You do not need the words, degree, anticipated, or expected. Bold the subject names of your major(s) and minor(s). Do not bold the secrets essay, words Major and thesis statement on hester prynne, Minor. You may list honors and/or coursework under Education or you may create separate sections. Study abroad experience may also be listed in this section. List the name of the college or university where you studied, city and country.
You may include a description of your study experience (e.g., names of courses, field experiences, living with a host family and additional travel). List your grade point average if it is 3.0 or higher and indicate it is on a 4.0 scale. For example, say: 3.3/4.0. If your overall grade point average is not 3.0 but the advantages and disadvantages of technological progress essay, GPA in your major or your last two years is, you may specify and list it. Statement On Hester! High school is usually not listed unless you are a freshman or sophomore seeking a summer or part-time position. Experience may include paid and advantages and disadvantages essay, volunteer positions, full- and part-time work, internships and statement prynne, projects. Contrast View! If you have experience directly related to your objective, list it in thesis on hester prynne a category with the specific name of the essay, experience, such as Sales Experience, Teaching Experience, Research Experience, or Management Experience. Experience that is not exactly the same as your objective, but still has some relationship to it, may be listed in on hester a Related Experience category. Experience that is not directly related to your objective but shows skills and abilities important to employers may be listed in a category titled Additional Experience. Within each Experience section, begin with the most recent experience. Listings should be formatted with your position title first, in bold.
Your title should be a noun, something you could call yourself and should give the reader some idea of the duties in the position. If you don't have a title or your official title doesn't adequately convey what you did, formulate one that does. If you have difficulty coming up with a title and to ensure the title is essay christmas holiday, acceptable, you may want to consult your supervisor in the position. Be careful not to over-inflate the position (e.g., use Custodian rather than Sanitation Removal Engineer). After your title, list the name of the organization with the city and thesis statement prynne, state. Do not bold this information.
Dates should be listed somewhere in the body of progress, each entry. Be consistent with where and how you list the statement on hester, dates. Dates should not be listed on a margin. Ehat S Thesis! The dates should include only months and years, or just years. For each entry, briefly describe what you did in thesis statement the position. Use skills statements to describe your experiences by beginning all lines with action verbs and using outcome/results statements with numbers, quantities and description living room, details to emphasize skills, accomplishments and thesis prynne, knowledge. Tailor the description of your experiences to essay your christmas fit the job duties, responsibilities, and qualifications listed in the internship or job posting. Example: Trained, supervised and evaluated 10 employees rather than responsible for supervising employees. Your descriptions may be formatted using bullets or paragraphs; choose one format and thesis statement on hester, use it for all of andrew ehat, your entries. Statement On Hester! Use present tense verbs to refer to the things you are currently doing. Describe things you have done and essay literary, probably will not do again using past tense verbs.
Do not use the -ing form of the verb. For each entry, list the descriptive statements in the order of importance or relevance to prynne the position you are seeking, not in secrets to sat the order of the frequency of what you did or are doing. The following categories are optional; however, you may want to consider including them if they will strengthen your resume: State References available upon request as a means of bringing closure and thesis statement prynne, visual balance to the resume. Referring to your references indicates your resume has come to an end and secrets essay, there is not a missing page. If there is thesis statement, not enough space on the page, this may be omitted. If you include your references with your resume and cover letter, you may say, References included or References enclosed. Essay! Obtain permission from the thesis on hester prynne, people whose names you intend to offer as references. Essay! These people should be familiar with your academic and/or work abilities.
See additional information about references in this handbook. Include a few lines describing any individual or group work you've completed for classes. List the title of the project first and then the description of what you did. Use action verbs and thesis prynne, results statements as you do in describing entries in andrew ehat master s thesis your Experience sections. Include research projects, both individual or group, completed for classes, outside of on hester prynne, class on your own, or with a professor (e.g., the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program).
List the title of the research with a description of what you did identifying software, equipment, or techniques. And Disadvantages Of Technological Progress Essay! You might also include results and presentations and thesis, publication of results. And Disadvantages Progress! If you are applying to on hester prynne graduate or professional school, you might also list the name of your research advisor. Honors might include Dean's List for Academic Excellence, scholarships, awards, or special recognition. List the exact name of the award and the year it was received. Include licenses and certifications such as teaching license, professional engineering license or tests taken, First Aid, CPR or Water Safety Instructor if they are relevant to your objective. Include publications such as an article you co-authored with a professor or a poem you wrote that was included in an anthology. List the publication using the appropriate style of your field. Publications can be listed as pending if they have been submitted. Include presentations with title, audience, and year.
List grants and fellowships with title and granting or employing organization. If you have military training and experience relevant to your objective, include the training under Education and the experience under Experience. If your military experience is not relevant to of technological progress your objective, you may include a separate Military section. Include memberships in student groups and local or national organizations. These may also be included under Activities. You may want to list foreign language abilities, special licenses or certifications, computer knowledge, travel experience or other skills related to your objective.
Co-curricular and community activities, especially if they are related to your objective, can be extremely important. Participation in activities can point out statement on hester prynne your leadership and social skills and demonstrate your interests and energy level. If you held a leadership position in an organization, list the secrets to sat, title of your position first and statement, then the name of the organization. You may list dates, or not; just be consistent for all the entries within the section. Of Technological Progress Essay! List more interesting items and thesis on hester, not the more mundane such as reading, walking and cooking. That's like saying breathing.
Include uncommon or unusual activities to generate interest and make you memorable. Final tip : Always proofread your resume for visual quality, content and typographical or spelling errors. Criticism! Better yet, have several people proofread your resume. You cannot proofread your own writing and expect to catch all the errors. You are too close to the product and because you wrote it, your mind's eye will miss mistakes - you will see what you think you wrote, not what is actually written. Plan ahead. Thesis Statement On Hester! Do not expect to write your best resume overnight. Your resume is an essential tool in your job and internship search. Contrast Point View Essay! Make it the best possible! For assistance with your resume, visit the Career and Internship Services website for options.
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A literature synthesis of on hester symptom prevalence and severity in persons receiving active cancer treatment. Patients with cancer experience acute and chronic symptoms caused by essay about your christmas holiday, their underlying disease or by the treatment. While numerous studies have examined the impact of thesis statement various treatments on compare contrast symptoms experienced by cancer patients, there are inconsistencies regarding the symptoms measured and reported in treatment trials. This article presents a systematic review of the research literature of the on hester prynne prevalence and severity of essay about your holiday symptoms in patients undergoing cancer treatment. Thesis Prynne! A systematic search for studies of advantages of technological persons receiving active cancer treatment was performed with the search terms of thesis statement prynne multiple symptoms and cancer for studies involving patients over the age of 18 years and published in secrets English during the years 2001 to statement on hester 2011. Search outputs were reviewed independently by seven authors, resulting in the synthesis of to sat 21 studies meeting criteria for generation of an Evidence Table reporting symptom prevalence and severity ratings. Data were extracted from 21 multi-national studies to develop a pooled sample of 4,067 cancer patients in thesis statement on hester whom the prevalence and point essay severity of individual symptoms was reported. Thesis Prynne! In total, the pooled sample across the 21 studies was comprised of 62 % female, with a mean age of description living room 58 years (range 18 to thesis statement 97 years).
A majority (62 %) of these studies assessed symptoms in homogeneous samples with respect to tumor site (predominantly breast and lung cancer), while 38 % of the included studies utilized samples with mixed diagnoses and treatment regimens. Eighteen instruments and and disadvantages progress structured interviews were including those measuring single symptoms, multi-symptom inventories, and single symptom items drawn from HRQOL or health status measures. The MD Anderson Symptom Inventory was the most commonly used instrument in the studies analyzed ( n = 9 studies; 43 %), while the statement prynne Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Subscale, Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36, and Symptom Distress Scale were each employed in two studies. Forty-seven symptoms were identified across the 21 studies which were then categorized into 17 logical groupings. Contrast Point Essay! Symptom prevalence and severity were calculated across the entire cohort and also based upon sample sizes in which the symptoms were measured providing the statement on hester prynne ability to rank symptoms. Ehat S Thesis! Symptoms are prevalent and on hester severe among patients with cancer.
Therefore, any clinical study seeking to evaluate the impact of treatment on patients should consider including measurement of description essay symptoms. This study demonstrates that a discrete set of symptoms is common across cancer types. This set may serve as the thesis on hester basis for defining a core set of essay literary criticism symptoms to on hester be recommended for essay about your christmas holiday, elicitation across cancer clinical trials, particularly among patients with advanced disease. Patients with cancer experience acute and chronic symptoms caused both by their underlying disease and by the often toxic treatments employed in oncology care [ 1 , 2 ]. Clinical investigators, regulators, and healthcare providers often focus on the prevention or cure of illness, whereas relief of symptoms is a paramount goal for patients [ 3 , 4 ]. Symptoms are a common reason healthcare is sought and an impetus for testing to definitively diagnose an thesis statement illness or injury. Once treatment is implemented, symptomatic treatment toxicities frequently develop [ 5 ]. While numerous studies have examined the room essay impact of various treatments and medications on symptoms in patients receiving cancer treatment, a limitation in comparing these outcomes is the statement prynne lack of a common or core set of compare contrast point essay patient-reported symptoms, consistently measured across studies. For example, one study may report an improvement in thesis statement prynne nausea with a specified treatment and ehat another study may report worsening fatigue, leaving the clinician and patient comparing treatment efficacies and statement weighing side effects based upon disparate outcomes. These differences in symptom outcomes between studies to some extent can be attributed to the use of varying symptom assessment questionnaires and essay strategies. While there is value to focusing on specific symptoms in particular clinical contexts (e.g., pain in on hester prynne patients with metastatic prostate cancer to bone), there is also value in assessing a common set of symptoms both in order to your christmas holiday characterize the prynne broader impact of essay disease and treatment on on hester prynne the patient experience, and to enable cross-trial comparisons and aggregation of data. Therefore, in and disadvantages of technological essay 2011, the National Cancer Institute sponsored a scientific meeting to identify a standard core set of statement patient-reported symptoms to be recommended across cancer clinical trials as well as existing questionnaires that are appropriate for andrew ehat master s thesis, assessing these symptoms. As a component of this initiative, a multi-disciplinary team conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify studies that measured the prevalence and severity of symptoms in patients undergoing cancer treatment. In 2009, Esther Kim et al. [ 25 ] published a literature synthesis of thesis cancer symptomatology in 18 studies.
This paper and four additional literature reviews [ 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 ] identified in our systematic search were excluded from this analysis. Your! Instead, the statement on hester findings by Esther Kim et al. (that also contained these four papers) were compared to our findings (see Discussion ). Unlike the Esther Kim et al. synthesis which only included studies that used the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI), Memorial Symptom Assessment Scales (MSAS), or the living room Symptom Distress Scale (SDS), this present analysis intentionally did not limit to any specific assessment instrument so that a wide array of symptoms could be collated and analyzed across a broader range of thesis statement prynne studies. Nine publications that failed to literary report symptom statistics [ 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 ] and prynne one publication that was a secondary study of essay a sample already included in this analysis [ 39 ] were excluded, resulting in thesis on hester prynne 21 studies included in this analysis [ 40 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 , 48 , 49 , 50 , 51 , 52 , 53 , 54 , 55 , 56 , 57 , 58 , 59 , 60 ]. Essay About Christmas! Potentially relevant data were abstracted for the review including disease/treatment, sample, instrument used to measure symptoms, and thesis statement prynne symptom prevalence and severity. Where information about prevalence and severity was not presented, the authors were contacted by e-mail to essay obtain the necessary detail. Data were managed using Excel. Statement On Hester Prynne! Analysis and synthesis methodology. Sample characteristics ( n , age, stage, treatment type, phase of care, special population) Outcome measure(s) of symptoms, functioning, and/or HRQL.
Study design/analytic approach. Compare Contrast Point View! Symptoms and symptom dimensions (provide %s or #s as they relate to prevalence, severity, duration, and/or interference) Comments and caveats. 100 patients during the acute phase of autologous PBSC transplantation with multiple myeloma or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI-BMT) and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) were completed at thesis baseline, 34 days into conditioning, day of essay transplant, day of nadir, and 30 days post transplant. The Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the Functional Assessment of on hester prynne Cancer TherapyBone Marrow Transplant (FACT-BMT) at BL and ehat master s thesis 30 days. Thesis Prynne! The time point associated with the most reported disturbances was nadir: the top five symptoms at each time point rated by patients as moderate to point essay severe were: BL 29 % fatigue, 21 % pain, 17 % distress, 14 % weakness, 13 % sadness; Conditioning: 34 % disturbed sleep, 22 % fatigue, 22 % loss of appetite, 14 % nausea, 13 % weakness; Transplant: 34 % loss of appetite, 32 % fatigue, 26 % disturbed sleep, 25 % nausea, 23 % weakness. Nadir: 56 % lack of appetite, 55 % fatigue, 52 % weakness, 42 % feeling sick, 39 % disturbed sleep; Day 30: 34 % fatigue, 31 % weakness, 14 % disturbed sleep, 11 % loss appetite, 10 % distress. Cancer diagnosis was a significant predictor of changes in symptoms over time. The patterns of thesis statement prynne fatigue, pain, sleep disturbance, and lack of appetite were significantly different for patients with multiple myeloma as compared with patients with non-Hodgkins lymphoma.
Bevans, Mitchell, Marden (2008) 76 adults undergoing allogeneic HSCT from contrast view, a single institution. Mean age of 40 years (SD 13.5 years). On Hester Prynne! 67 % of the sample was male; 30 % of the sample was Hispanic; two thirds were undergoing transplant for description, acute or chronic leukemia, lymphoma, or multiple myeloma; 66 % were in a complete remission at the time of thesis on hester prynne transplant, while 34 % had progressive disease. Symptom Distress Scale (SDS) Longitudinal study with data about the symptom experience collected pre-transplant, day 0 (after HSCT conditioning), and essay holiday days 30 and 100 post-transplant. The most prevalent symptoms at baseline were fatigue and worry (both 68 %), at day 0, the most prevalent symptom was appetite change (88 %), and statement on hester fatigue was most prevalent at days 30 (90 %) and living room essay 100 (81 %). Symptoms that were severely distressing including worry (16 % severely distress at baseline), insomnia (32 % severely distressed at day 0), appetite change (22 % severely distressed at day 30), and fatigue (11 % severely distressed at day 100). The SDS was highest at day 0 (mean 26.6 SD 7.6), when the highest number of symptoms were reported. Symptoms formed clusters comprised of fatigue, appearance change, and worry at baseline, and fatigue, insomnia, and statement on hester bowel changes at days 0 and 30. About Christmas Holiday! Examining the thesis on hester symptom experience over time, it is apparent that HSCT patients tend to contrast point essay present for transplantation with low symptom distress, and experience multiple symptoms and high symptom distress after conditioning. Though not consistently the most prevalent or distressing, GI complications, including bowel changes, nausea, and appetite limitations, were noted across the statement prynne treatment trajectory.
Chen ML, Chang HK (2004) 121 patients with breast (40 %), head and neck (33 %), or esophageal cancer (27 %) who were hospitalized in and disadvantages progress essay Northern Taiwan for chemotherapy (76 %), symptom management (20 %) and thesis statement on hester follow-up or surgery (4.1 %). Male = 55 %. Mean age = 52.19 (SD 10.44). Secrets Essay! Range = 2681. Cancer stage = II (15 %), III (17 %), IV (33 %), missing (36 %) Patient Disease Symptom/Sign Assessment Scale (PDSA), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Subscale (HADS-D) Insomnia was the most prevalent symptom (67 %), followed by thesis statement, pain (62 %), anorexia (47 %), fatigue/weakness (40 %), nausea/vomiting (24 %), wound/pressure sore (17 %), dyspnea (14 %), edema (8.3 %), elimination problems (2.5 %), and change in secrets to sat essay consciousness (0 %). The average number of symptoms for total sample was 2.83 (median 3.0, range = 07). 55 % reported 3 or more.
25 % were classified as depressed (HADS-D cutoff of 11). The average number of symptoms observed total sample was 3.77 (median 3.5), depressed patients had average number of thesis prynne 3.77 (median = 3.5) and non-depressed had 2.52 (median = 2.0). Advantages And Disadvantages Of Technological! Depressed patients showed a significantly higher occurrence rate than that of non-depressed patients in insomnia, pain, anorexia, fatigue, and wound/pressure sore. Thesis Statement Prynne! Patients simultaneously experiencing insomnia, pain, anorexia, and essay your fatigue had a higher risk of depression (odds ratio 5.03) Using HADS-D to thesis on hester measure depression decreases the likelihood of confounding the assessment of depression with physical symptoms caused by cancer and its treatment since HADS-D does not use physical symptoms to measure depression. 329 multi-disease site pts. Advantages Of Technological! Study from Taiwan 29 % breast; 25 % GI; 76 % local disease without mets; time since dx 1311 mos with median of 14 mos; 53 % had chemo; 73 % had RT. Statement On Hester! MDASI-Taiwanese-13 common ca related symptoms measured on scale 110 assessed in about christmas primary study but only 9 symptoms used in this secondary CFA analysis based on previous EFA (Chen and Tseng 2006) Secondary analysis of cross-sectional study; confirmatory factor analysis. Mean # of thesis statement on hester symptoms per pt = 6.6 (range 013); prevalence 72 % dry mouth; 70 % fatigue; 63 % sleep disturbance; 3 clusters: sickness including pain, fatigue, disturbed sleep and drowsiness; GI including NV and lack of appetite; emotional including distress and sadness. Advantages Progress! 115 outpatients with cancer, who had not received cancer treatment in thesis statement on hester the last 30 days who reported at compare contrast point least 2 symptoms. Female = 61 %. Mean age = 57.2 (SD 13.5).
Type of cancerbreast = 38.9 %, lung = 23.9 %, prostate = 10.6 %, genitourinary = 13.3 %, head and neck = 7.1 %, gastrointestinal = 5.3 %, and other = 0.9 %. Thesis! Presence of metastases = 67.6 %. Previous treatmentchemotherapy = 51.4 %, radiation therapy = 55.0 %, hormonal therapy = 19.8 %, and surgery = 66.7 %. Country of study = Brazil. Karnofsky Performance Status scale (KPS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) Cross-sectional, descriptive study. Prevalence and secrets essay mean of thesis statement symptoms as follows: pain 100 %, 7.36; fatigue 87 %, 41.50; insomnia 73 %, 57.39; constipation 51 %, 36.52; lack of appetite 50 %, 37.97; dyspnea 44 %, 24.19; depression 44 %, 14.43; nausea and compare point view essay vomiting 28 %, 11.65; diarrhea 11 %, 5.01. Application of two-step cluster analysis resulted in two distinct patient subgroups based on 113 patient symptom experiences. Statement Prynne! One group had multiple and severe symptom subgroup and essay another had less symptoms and with lower severity. Pain scale 010, depression 063, other symptoms 0100. n = 220, with newly diagnosed lung; sample from 24 community oncology sites in Michigan; 91 % white; 6589 years (mean 72); stages 0II38 %, stages IIIIV62 %; treatmentsurgery 42 %, chem 43 %, rad 63 % Given (lead author) Physical Symptom Experience tool (37 symptoms; occurrence, severity, interference). Secondary data analysis of NIH panel study; data collected at diagnosis.
Most frequent (%): fatigue 79; up at night urinate 68; cough 65; pain 60; diff breathing 58; weakness 57; app loss 50; dry mouth 49; wt loss 45; altered taste 35; nausea 34; lack of sex interest 31; diff swallow 30; dizziness 23; diff concentrating 20; problems coordination 16; vomiting 15; hot flashes 7; arms swelling 2. Thesis Statement Prynne! Most severe (mean, scale 13): arm swell 2.33; lack sex interest 2.07; vomit 2; hot flash 1.94; trouble sleep 1.89; fatigue 1.84; pain 1.84; diff breath 1.82; diff swallow 1.82; alter taste 1.76; app loss 1.74; weakness 1.69; wt loss 1.67; problems coordination 1.61; dry mouth 1.56; cough 1.54; diff concentrating 1.44; dizziness 1.43; up at night urinate 1.39. 31 adult renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients: average age 55 years; 55 % of patients were male, 74 % had attended college, and 97 % were Caucasian. The participating RCC patients were a convenience sample drawn from the Kidney Cancer Association (KCA) membership. A brief, self-administered RCC Symptom Index was created that captures the relevant signs and living essay symptoms of both localized and metastatic patients. Pending additional content validation, the index can be used to assess the signs and symptoms of RCC and the clinical benefit resulting from RCC treatment. National cross-sectional study was conducted to define patient-reported RCC symptomatology. The five most frequent symptoms among localized stage patients ( n = 14) were irritability (79 %), pain (71 %), fatigue (71 %), worry (71 %), and sleep disturbance (64 %). Thesis! Among metastatic patients ( n = 17), the five most frequent symptoms were fatigue (82 %), weakness (65 %), worry (65 %), shortness of breath (53 %), and irritability (53 %). More than 50 % of localized and essay literary metastatic-stage patients reported pain, weakness, fatigue, sleep disturbance, urinary frequency, worry, and thesis on hester mood disorders as being moderately to highly relevant. The RCC Symptom Index was developed through a structured, iterative process that drew upon several information sources to identify the literary appropriate signs and symptoms.
A broad range of physiological and psychological disease manifestations were identified and found relevant by a national, US cohort of RCC patients who were undoubtedly treated at different cancer centers. N = 287, Australian women age 74 or younger (mean 54), early stage, all post-surgery (PS) by 4 mo+, 87 % had one or more LNs dissected w median of 12 LNs examined. PRO: FACT-B + 4 (arm subscale), Disability of Arm, Shoulder, Hand (DASH) collected at 6 mo and statement on hester q3 mo ?4. Objective measures: ROM, Exercise protocol, Bio-impedance Spectroscopy (BIS) to measure LE. Descriptive study, prospective, longitudinal, population-based sample through cancer registry in Queensland, Australia. Numbness (1929 %) and swelling (1323 %) most common symptoms. Multiple symptoms were 1.7? more common in LE pts and by andrew ehat, 18 mo PS, having LE doubled chance of 1 or more symptoms.
By 18 mo the differences were minimal, except those w LE reported more tingling, swelling, and numbness. 1 in 2 women reported moderate to extreme pain, tingling, weakness, stiffness, poor ROM, swelling, and/or numbness at 6 mo PS, but 51 % reported at least 1 complaint 12 mo later. n = 80 newly diagnosed with lung cancer; 2 CCOPs and 2 Comprehensive CA centers; age range 4183, mean 63; Caucasian 95 %; early stage 10 %; late Stage 90 % Given (co-author) Cancer Symptom Experience Inventory (15 symptoms; occurrence, severity, interference) Secondary data analysis from thesis on hester prynne, baseline of randomized clinical trial; explore relationship among pain, fatigue, insomnia, and gender. Most frequent (%): fatigue 97; pain 69; nausea 53; constipation 53; insomnia 51; poor appetite 50; cough 49; dry mouth 44; diff breathing 44; diarrhea 30; diff concentrating 26; coordination 24; vomiting 23; fever 11; mouth sores 8. 287 Turkish pts from a university hospital. 56 % male, 66 % had stage II disease; mean duration since tx was 3 yrs ± 2.5 yrs; 39 % GI, 17 % lung, 14 % AML/ALL, 13 % HN, 12 % breast.
72 % had chemo only, 2 % RT only and 8 % chemoRT. Compare Point Essay! Cross-sectional design using hierarchical cluster analysis to identify symptom clusters and thesis statement on hester regression analysis to assess predictors of clusters. Prevalence: fatigue 95.5 %, difficulty remembering 91 %, sadness 90 %, loss of appetite 88 %, enjoyment of life 89 %, pain 88 %, distress 87 %, difficulty walking 87.5 %, dry mouth 87 %. Overall, 37.5 % had moderate and living room 12.5 % had severe symptoms. Mean MDASI scores for 13 symptom items were 5 and 4.4 for the 6 interference items. 48 % of thesis prynne pts rated loss of appetite, fatigue, sadness, dry mouth, and distress as mod or severe. Essay! Loss of appetite was most prevalent symptom. The 6 interference symptoms formed a cluster (gen activity, mood, work relations with others, walking, and enjoyment with life); a second cluster was formed with sleep disturbance, difficulty remembering, pain, distress, sadness, fatigue, dry mouth, and thesis on hester appetite loss.
A third cluster was formed with nausea, vomiting, SOB, numbness, and drowsiness. Essay! N = 55, age 60 or older (mean 68), 61% white, 37 % AA, stage I or II BCA. Symptom Distress Scale (SDS) Longitudinal data collection at hospital discharge and 3 and 6 mo post-discharge. Secondary, descriptive analysis from a larger study of a home care nursing intervention on QOL of thesis older pts newly diagnosed with several types of cancer. SDS scores range from essay about christmas, 13 to prynne 65 and mean total SDS were 23.81 at s thesis discharge from hospital and 20.52 at 3 mo, and 18.6 at 6 mo. Most frequent sx were fatigue, frequency of pain, outlook, and insomnia. More education and younger age were associated with greater symptom distress at discharge. This analysis did not consider the on hester possible effects of adjuvant chemo or hormones or radiation as its focus was on symptoms post-surgery of older women. Keene Sarenmalm (2007) N = 56, age 55 and older (mean 65), newly diagnosed w local, regional, or distant recurrent BCA (29 had loco-regional recurrence) (1/3 had past hx of anxiety and/or depression) MSAS, MSAS-PHYS, MSAS-PSYCH, TMSAS (total symptom burden), MSAS-GDI, HADS, Sense of Coherence (soc) measures coping capacity, PACIS, QLQ-C30, IBCSG-QOL. Descriptive study, pts recruited prospectively from 2 oncology centers, correlation analyses with multiple regressions for secrets to sat essay, developing prediction model.
65 % reported 1023 symptoms (avg 14), prevalent sx 50 %: lack of energy (67 %), difficulty sleeping (61 %), pain (59 %), worrying (59 %), problems w sexual interest/activity (59 %), feeling sad (57 %), dry mouth (52 %) Stat sig correlations among highly related symptoms were worrying and feeling nervous, worrying and statement on hester prynne feeling sad, nausea and advantages progress lack of appetite, difficulty swallowing, and feeling bloated. Statement On Hester Prynne! N = 282, women w BCA all stages, age 30, (mean 55), 92 % white, initiating rx of at least 3 cycles of chemo (44 %) or 6 wks of XRT (56 %) General fatigue scale, POMS, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Side Effect Checklist. Andrew Ehat! Time pointsbaseline pre-rx and 48 h post-rx 2 and 3. Secondary analysis of data from RCT of cognitive behavioral rx on fatigue (19992002 at thesis statement on hester 2 ca ctrs), factor analysis for secrets essay, symptom clusters. Common factoring identified a psychoneurological symptom cluster at 1st time point: depressed mood, cognitive disturbance, fatigue, insomnia, and thesis statement prynne pain and was generalizable to all subgroups. Symptom cluster at 2nd time point included upper-GI symptoms (nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite) Confounding variables on master symptom clustering that included varying CTX regimens, XRT dose, hormonal rx, surgery type, and time lapse since surgery were not controlled for. n = 16 at lung cancer clinic in Toronto mean age 67; 9 men, 7 women; chemo before 1st interview4; btwn interviewsradiation 9, rad and chemo 2, surgery and rad 1, surgery only 1, chemo alone 1. Spontaneous reports and statement on hester probes on and disadvantages of technological symptoms (21 in total were identified) Semi-structured interview to thesis statement describe their symptom experiences; interview at time of diagnosis and second interview 2 months later. Out of N = 16, symptoms with greater than 25 % include (#s are reported at baseline and 2 months later): fatigue = 14, 15; pain = 10, 9; shortness of point view essay breath = 9, 7; loss of appetite = 8, 11; cough = 8, 8; insomnia = 8, 9; mucus = 8, 9; weight loss = 8, 8; wheeze = 7, 4. Fatigue and pain most troublesome symptoms; most often cited combo of symptoms was respiratory symptoms (wheeze, cough, mucus, and shortness of breath) 165 cancer patients in Morocco (Arabic-speaking); mean age 48.7; 56 % female; 8 % receiving chemotherapy/14 % receiving radiotherapy; 32 % stage IIIII/68 % stage IV; 95 % ECOG PS 24 (39 % ECOG PS 4); 21 % gastro-intestinal/19 % breast/15 % gynecological/12 % lung/8 % unknown/7 % genitourinary/7 % head and neck/10 % other.
MD Anderson Symptom Inventory Arabic version (MDASI-A); Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) Cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods. On Hester! Mean score (010 scale, in essay order of mean severity high to low): pain (9.62); fatigue (7.05); lack of appetite (6.07); disturbed sleep (5.35); dry mouth (5.07); sadness (4.85); distress (4.33); shortness of breath (3.89); numbness (3.76); drowsiness (3.28); nausea (3.03); difficulty remembering (2.85); vomiting (2.43). % with score ?5 (moderate or severe; in order of incidence high to low): pain (100 %); fatigue (86 %); lack of appetite (79 %); disturbed sleep (69 %); dry mouth (68 %); sadness (62 %); distress (54 %); shortness of breath (47 %); numbness (46 %); drowsiness (43 %); nausea (35 %); difficulty remembering (35 %); vomiting (25 %). % with score ?7 (severe; in order of incidence high to low): pain (96 %); fatigue (65 %); lack of appetite (48 %); dry mouth (30 %); sadness (31 %); shortness of prynne breath (29 %); distress (28 %); disturbed sleep (24 %); numbness (22 %); drowsiness (16 %); nausea (16 %); difficulty remembering (16 %); vomiting (15 %) Interview format; very poor performance status overall. 48 patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer receiving chemoradiation 5040 cGY in 28 fractions, capecitabine and bevacizumab) on ehat s thesis a phase I protocol. Median of 58 years of age 9range 4180), 92 % Caucasian, equally divided between males and prynne females. Ehat Master S Thesis! KPS was preserved (100 % of the sample with KPS 80 %), however 74 % had one or more comorbidities. Longitudinal, descriptive, with symptoms and their interference with usual function measured at baseline, weekly during treatment, and at the time of the thesis statement on hester prynne first clinical assessment after chemoradiation. Room Essay! 95 % of the on hester patients reported at least one of the 13 symptoms at initial presentation. The highest mean score was observed for fatigue, followed by lack of appetite and pain. The mostly commonly reported symptoms at moderate to severe intensity over the course from essay, presentation, during treatment and after treatment were fatigue, lack of appetite, pain, nausea and sleep disturbance.
At entry to thesis on hester the study, 51 % of the sample reported multiple symptoms that were of moderate to severe intensity, with the proportion reporting symptoms of advantages of technological essay moderate to thesis severe intensity decreasing to 20 % at the time chemoradiotherapy was concluded. Pain decreased across the course of treatment, while fatigue, nausea and advantages and disadvantages of technological essay sleep disturbance increased. Fatigue and appetite changes formed a distinct grouping. Forty-two patients with breast, head and neck, lung, gynecological, gastrointestinal, prostate, or brain cancer in statement on hester their 3rd to 8th week of andrew master chemoradiation. Majority female, white, 55 yrs, breast cancer; 50 % metastatic cancer.
To examine the effects of thesis on hester prynne recall on symptom severity ratings by comparing ratings made using 24-h and 7-day recall periods of the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI). Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) was also recorded at both T1 and T2. The five most severe symptoms from both recall periods were fatigue, sleep disturbance, drowsiness, lack of appetite, and pain. Paired t tests did not find any significant difference between the 24-h and 7-day recall periods. Essay! For both recall periods, more than half of patients reported moderate to severe fatigue. Percentages did not differ significantly between the thesis 24-h and 7-day recall periods. Comparing the 24-h and 7-day recall periods, the correlation coefficient for total symptom severity was 0.888. All correlation coefficients for symptom severity items were 0.7 except for distress ( r = 0.67). Criticism! The percentages of moderate to severe symptoms (rated 5) were consistent for thesis on hester, both recall periods, with no significant difference between recall periods in the prevalence of moderate to severe symptoms. 45 patients actively receiving treatment for either hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or pancreatic cancer. Compare Point View! The mean age was 59 years, and thesis prynne 64 % were male.
51 % Caucasian, 22 % Asian, 18 % Hispanic, and 4 % African American participants. 50 % of the Hispanic and room essay Asian participants were diagnosed with HCC, whereas most Caucasian participants were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. The study sample included 22 patients with HCC and thesis on hester 23 patients with pancreatic cancer. The majority of participants had stage III (26 %) or IV (61 %) disease at the time of accrual; 82 % had been diagnosed recently, and 13 % had recurrent disease. Patients were followed from baseline for 3 months, with outcome measures repeated monthly. Outcome measures included the Functional Assessment of Cancer TherapyHepatobiliary (FACT-Hep) and the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness TherapySpirituality Subscale (FACIT-Sp-12) Descriptive, longitudinal study. Descriptive analysis of demographic, treatment, and secrets essay symptom data was conducted, followed by two-way repeated measures analysis of variance of FACT-Hep and FACIT-Sp-12 scale scores by diagnosis and treatment type. Statement On Hester Prynne! No significant differences were observed in overall symptom subscale scores over time or by diagnosis. In the HCC group, the description living essay overall symptom subscale score decreased over time from baseline, 1-, and 2-month evaluations, but was increased at 3 months. For the pancreatic cancer group, overall scores stabilized between 1 month and 2 months and then decreased by the 3-month evaluation.
These changes were not statistically significant. Overall, symptom scores were high for weight loss, appetite, fatigue, ability to perform usual activities, and abdominal pain and tended to worsen over thesis statement on hester prynne, time. Pearsons correlations between the disease-specific symptom subscale and living each of the QOL subscale scores were computed for all four evaluations, including baseline. Results at thesis on hester baseline suggest that symptoms were highly correlated with physical well-being (0.72), functional well-being (0.73), and overall FACT-Hep scores (0.93) Wang SY, Tsai CM, Chen BC, Lin CH, Lin CC (2008) n = 108 lung cancer in Taiwan; oncology in and outpatient units (3 sites); mean age 68; radiation 81 %; localized cancer 74 % Taiwanese version of MDASI. Most severe (mean score, range 010): fatigue 6.68, sleep disturbance 6.04; lack of app 5.83; short breath 5.59; distress 5.27; drowsiness 5.19; dry mouth 5.11; pain 5.10; sadness 4.87; diff remembering 4.65; numbness 4.01; nausea 2.48; vomiting 1.35. 1,433 patients were included in analyses: 524 patients from the USA, 249 from China, 256 from Japan, 226 from Russia, and 178 from Korea. Percent female: US 55, China 54, Japan 42, Russia 62, Korea 40. Mean age (SD) US 55(15.0), China 51(12.8), Japan 62(12.1), Russia 61(14.3), Korea 51(11.3). Percent with metastatic disease: US 30, China 47, Japan 50, Russia 56, Korea 56.
Percent undergoing chemotherapy US 56, China 54, Japan 22, Russia 40, Korea 60. MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI), ECOG. Cross-nationally, fatigue was consistently the most prevalent moderate to severe symptom (rated ?5 on the MDASI 010 scale). Ehat! Across all countriesprevalence moderate to severe MDASI symptoms: fatigue = 54 %, disturbed sleep = 41 %, distress = 39 %, pain = 35 %, lack of appetite = 34 %, drowsiness = 33 %, dry mouth = 32 %, sadness = 32 %. Thesis Statement Prynne! Treatment-induced symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and numbness were consistently rated as the least severe of the 13 MDASI symptoms. MDASI symptoms severity mean (SD): fatigue = 4.75 (2.95), disturbed sleep = 3.73 (3.16), distress = 3.60 (3.17), pain = 3.16 (3.16), lack of appetite = 3.25 (3.23), drowsiness = 3.25 (2.92), dry mouth = 3.11 (3.16), sadness = 3.15 (3.13), shortness of breath = 2.51 (2.92), difficulty remembering = 2.39 (2.69), numbness and tingling = 2.38 (2.97), nausea = 1.95 (2.86), and vomiting = 1.34 (2.97) The results of compare contrast this study indicate that national and linguistic (country) variations in patient responses to the MDASI are small relative to on hester prynne individual patient-related factors.
Analysis of MDASI symptom and interference ratings from essay, cancer patients in five countries revealed that the variance of the random effects for country was between 20 % and 50 % of the inter-subject variance. Wang XS, Williams LA, Eng C, Mendoza TR, Shah NA, Kirkendoll KJ, Shah PK, Trask PC, Palos GR, Cleeland CS (2010) 184 gastrointestinal cancer patients (English-speaking in statement the US); median age 60; 53 % female; 61 % currently receiving chemotherapy/33 % receiving no treatment; 34 % local or regional disease/54 % metastatic disease; 12 % ECOG PS 24; 28 % colon/25 % pancreas/19 % rectum/15 % hepatobiliary/13 % gastric/1 % esophageal. MD Anderson Symptom Inventory plus 5 gastrointestinal-specific symptom items (MDASI-GI); Medical Outcomes Survey 12-item Short-Form Survey (SF-12); Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) Cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods. Mean score (010 scale, in order of mean severity high to low): fatigue (2.57); drowsiness (1.97); pain (1.87); disturbed sleep (1.66); lack of appetite (1.62); diarrhea* (1.51); numbness (1.43); distress (1.42); dry mouth (1.32); difficulty remembering (1.15); bloating* (0.98); sadness (0.95); constipation* (0.93); change in taste* (0.77); nausea (0.70); shortness of breath (0.50); vomiting (0.36); difficulty swallowing* (0.19). *GI module. Essay Criticism! Percentage of patients experiencing each symptom not provided. Characteristics of papers included in synthesis. Statement Prynne! Number specified when provided. Bevans, Mitchell, Marden (2008) Chen ML, Chang HK (2004) B = 48; D = 33; E = 40.
A = 6; B = 93; C = 79; E = 57; H = 55; I = 24; L = 7. B = 44; C = 6; E = 8; G = 15; I = 27; J = 12; L = 1. Essay! B = 34; C = 113; E = 37; F = 15; H = 39; I = 49. Keene Sarenmalm (2007) B = 32; C = 35; E = 12; F = 25; G = 12; H = 4; I = 20; K = 6; L = 19. Thesis On Hester Prynne! Wang SY et. al (2008) USA, China, Japan, Russia, Korea. Multi-cancer, not defined. Wang XS, et. al (2010) Cancer type/location: A = brain/CNS; B = breast; C = digestive/gastrointestinal; D = esophageal; E = head and neck; F = gynecologic; G = genitourinary/renal; H = hematologic; I = Lung; J = Prostate; K = stem; L = other/unknown. Master! Prevalence and severity of symptoms by paper.
Bevans et. On Hester! al (2008) Chen ML, Chang HK (2004) Keene Sarenmalm (2007) Wang SY, et. al (2008) Wang XS et Al. Essay! (2010) A similar procedure was used for tabulating severity, although mean severity by symptom was often not reported. In addition, many of the studies only on hester, reported those symptoms in which the severity was classified as moderate to description essay severe. Because there was variation in the range of the severity scales among the instruments used in statement on hester prynne the studies, mean values were linearly transformed to description room a 010 scale to facilitate comparisons. Thus, symptoms rated a 2 on the 04 scale were linearly transformed to a 5 on the 010 scale. Lastly, to assess if the most commonly used instruments asked about the most compelling symptoms to patients, thresholds by number of patients queried for the symptom were constructed. Statement Prynne! This allowed for the comparison of ranked symptoms based upon description essay, the number of patients queried. Thus symptoms that were assessed in 100 or more people were ranked by frequency and severity, symptoms assessed in 500 or more people, and then a final threshold of 1,000 or more people. The lowest threshold of 100 people had the most symptoms ranked while creating the threshold of 1,000 people limited the number of symptoms.
Some symptoms found in this synthesis did not include query by at least 100 patients and were therefore not included in thesis on hester this rank ordering of symptoms by threshold level. Data were extracted from the reported studies to develop a pooled sample of compare view essay 4,067 cancer patients in whom the prevalence and severity of individual symptoms was reported. Individual studies contributed from thesis prynne, 16 to 1,433 participants; nine (43 %) studies included a sample size less than 100. All of the investigations employed convenience samples. Eleven (52 %) of the secrets essay studies were conducted in the USA while the remainder were multinational as listed in thesis statement Table 2 . Andrew Ehat Master S Thesis! In the thesis statement on hester prynne US studies where race and ethnic demographics were reported, 1,154 participants were studied of secrets to sat essay whom 18.5 % of the samples were non-white. Prynne! Studies from advantages progress, other nations failed to distinguish race/ethnicity. In total, the pooled sample across the 21 studies was comprised of 38 % male and thesis statement on hester prynne 62 % female, with a mean age of 58 years (range 18 to point essay 97 years).
A majority (62 %) of these studies assessed symptoms in homogeneous samples with respect to tumor site (predominantly breast and lung cancer), while 38 % of the included studies utilized samples with mixed diagnoses and treatment regimens. Thesis Statement On Hester! Table 2 summarizes the characteristics of essay participants in the included studies by cancer disease site, stage, and treatment type. Persons with breast cancer were the statement single largest group by cancer site (approximately 25 % of patients) followed by lung (approximately 20 %). In the living room pooled sample, 51 % of patients were classified as stage III with 46 % metastatic disease. The largest majority of statement on hester prynne study participants were treated with chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery. Approximately 5 % of the participants additionally received HSCT, with symptom assessment before and after this treatment. For these two longitudinal studies, the frequency and essay severity of symptoms was averaged across the statement on hester various assessment times for this synthesis. Forty-seven symptoms were identified across the 21 studies which were then categorized into 17 logical groupings.
While many studies only reported the most prevalent or severe symptoms, some reported every symptom acknowledged by patients. In an attempt to be as inclusive as possible, all symptoms reported were included in this synthesis. Summary of ehat master pooled prevalence and pooled mean severity rates (when available) Number of patients reporting symptom. Total sample of patients queried. Fatigue and weakness (100 % of studies) Pain (100 % of studies) Sleep issues (91 % of studies) Anorexia and weight loss (91 % of studies) GI issues (81 % of studies) Affect (76 % of studies) Respiratory issues (76 % of studies) Impaired cognition (67 % of thesis statement prynne studies) Oral and swallowing issues (62 % of andrew ehat s thesis studies)
Neurologic issues (57 % of studies) Edema (29 % of studies) Urinary elimination issues (19 % of statement prynne studies) Skin and wound issues (19 % of studies) Hot flashes/sweating (14 % of christmas holiday studies) Fever (14 % of studies) Sexual dysfunction (10 % of thesis statement on hester prynne studies) Hair loss/appearance (5 % of studies) The pooled prevalence and ehat master s thesis mean severities reported in thesis statement on hester Table 4 were calculated by aggregating all queries for that specific symptom across studies to provide a pooled prevalence per symptom. And Disadvantages Essay! Where possible, symptoms of the statement on hester prynne same nature but labeled differently such as anorexia and decreased appetite were combined into ehat master, one symptom. Statement Prynne! This was possible when only room essay, one term was used in a study providing one statistic; however, some symptom terms which could be synonymous for thesis statement, each other were often reported as separate items in andrew master the same study. Examples include the terms fatigue, lack of energy, and weakness. Each is listed separately in this synthesis to assure the capture of constructs that may be related but distinct. Thesis Statement On Hester Prynne! Of note, while all of studies measured and master thus reported the thesis on hester symptom of fatigue, 59.63 % of the andrew ehat s thesis pooled patients reported some degree of this symptom when queried. Thesis Prynne! Further, the andrew master severity of the fatigue when assessed with such large pooled data was rated a 4.62 on a 010 scale. Given the large spread of sample sizes, the statement variety of instruments utilized and the identification of advantages and disadvantages 47 separate symptoms presented in Table 3 , it was determined that the thesis statement on hester most appropriate method to rank symptoms in description living a systematic, unbiased, and on hester prynne interpretable fashion was to compare the symptom prevalence by aggregated sample size thresholds. Three thresholds were constructed for combined samples of greater than 100 patients, greater than 500 patients, and greater than 1,000 patients who were queried for the symptom. Thus the most inclusive threshold was 100 taking into compare point view, account all symptoms in which at least 100 patients across studies were queried.
Not included in this analysis then were symptoms such as irritability which was only assessed in thesis prynne a total of 85 patients in two studies or headache included in only one study of 31 patients. Rank ordering of essay symptom prevalence by sample threshold. Number of patients reporting symptom. Total sample of patients queried. Prevalence ordering of symptoms in sample 1,000.
Prevalence ordering of symptoms in sample 500. Prevalence ordering of symptoms in sample 100. Rank ordering of symptom severity by thesis statement on hester, sample threshold. Criticism! Number of patients reporting symptom. Total sample of patients queried. Prevalence ordering of statement symptoms in sample 1,000. Criticism! Prevalence ordering of thesis statement on hester prynne symptoms in to sat sample 500. Prevalence ordering of symptoms in sample ?100.
Forty-seven distinct symptoms were reported in the 21 studies of this literature synthesis across different cancers. Most studies employed instruments that assessed for prynne, symptoms of andrew fatigue and weakness (100 % of studies), pain (100 % of studies), sleep issues (91 % of studies), anorexia and weight loss (91 % of studies), GI issues such as nausea and vomiting (81 % of studies), affect issues such as depression and irritability (76 % of studies), and thesis respiratory issues such as cough and compare contrast dyspnea (76 % of statement studies). Fewer studies assessed symptoms related to urinary elimination issues (19 % of studies), skin and wound issues (19 % of studies), hot flashes/sweating (14 % of studies), sexual dysfunction (10 % of studies), fever (14 % of studies), and hair loss/appearance (5 % of essay literary criticism studies), yet the prevalence and severity of some of these symptoms was greater than the more commonly assessed symptoms. This disparity is most obvious when evaluating the prevalence and severity by thesis statement on hester, threshold levels. Nocturia is an example of an infrequently measured symptom that patients report is highly prevalent (74.8 %) and advantages and disadvantages moderately severe (4.07 on scaled of statement on hester prynne 010). Further analysis of the two studies that assessed for nocturia reveals that one study was completed in the USA and the other in Turkey, that adequate sample sizes of 220 and 287 were included, and that various cancer sites were involved with lung being the predominant cancer [ 45 , 49 ]. Given the description room heterogeneous nature of the studies, this finding suggests that nocturia is a symptom that has been infrequently assessed, but which necessitates further systematic evaluation and consideration as a symptom to assess in statement on hester prynne a broad range of cancers.
Similar arguments can be made for sexual dysfunction [ 45 , 51 ] and cough [ 45 , 46 , 48 , 51 , 53 ] which each were reported by essay your christmas, patients in disparate studies (nation, cancer site, and sample sizes) as highly prevalent and of moderate to statement high severity. Findings from this literature synthesis are most useful when compared with the essay literary criticism research synthesis by Esther Kim et al. [ 25 ] Many similarities between the two syntheses exist including the similar mean age of 58 and on hester prynne 59 years, a predominance of secrets to sat essay heterogeneous cancer diagnoses (62 % and thesis statement prynne 50 %), and when reported for US studies, an approximate 18 % non-Caucasian sample. Differences include a greater range of contrast point view sample sizes in this present analysis (161,433 compared to 26527) and statement prynne a greater proportion of criticism females in thesis on hester this analysis (62 % vs. 48 %). Whereas Esther Kim et al. limited their review to compare contrast view only studies that employed the MDASI, MSAS, or the SDS, this present analysis included studies employing any symptom assessment tools. Statement Prynne! Comparison of prevalence statistics between this literature synthesis and Esther Kim et al. Esther Kim et al. prevalence.
Key for symptom assessment in the Esther Kim et al. synthesis: MDASI MD Anderson Symptom Inventory, MSAS Memorial Symptom Assessment Scales, SDS Symptom Distress Scale. Limitations and future directions. As with any literature synthesis, findings must be tempered by acknowledging publication bias as only published manuscripts were included in this literature synthesis. Further, because most studies used questionnaires with preselected lists of symptoms (without collection of andrew s thesis unsolicited symptoms), any symptoms not included in the lists were not measured. Therefore, systematic under-reporting of symptoms which could be prevalent and thesis on hester prynne severe in a population is possible in ehat master the included studies.
An example of this is thesis statement on hester nocturia, which when elicited was prevalent and andrew master severe, but was infrequently systematically assessed in studies. Future studies should included a two-step methodology, starting with qualitative work in which patients in statement on hester a given population are interviewed in groups or individually to determine likely prevalent and severe symptoms, followed by contrast view essay, questionnaire administration in thesis prynne a larger sample. Over-representation of andrew studies in breast, colorectal, and lung cancer may have yielded a disproportionate influence on the results, and work parallel to this paper supported by thesis on hester prynne, the NCI is evaluating prevalence and compare essay severity of symptoms by cancer type and stage. It is unclear if symptoms reported in this analysis are attributable to the morbidity of cancer, to side effects of treatment, to statement on hester accumulated toxicities of prior treatment, or to comorbidities. As previously noted, this is a synthesis of cross-sectional studies and advantages of technological progress longitudinal studies whereby symptoms in the longitudinal studies were average across the measurement times, and no control was made for cross-sectional sampling related to thesis the time of andrew s thesis symptom measurement (i.e., at thesis statement diagnosis, following treatment, or at another arbitrary point in time). In addition, attribution is beyond the scope of this paper, but is a salient consideration because the impetus for measuring symptoms in a given clinical trial may be contingent on the cause of the symptom. For example, a trial seeking to evaluate whether a cancer-related symptom improves with active treatment may yield a negative result if the principal driver of measured symptoms is toxicity or comorbidity. Therefore, any given clinical trial aiming to description room essay measure symptoms should provide a rationale specific to statement prynne the population and interventions regarding why particular symptoms were selected, and their suspected cause and hypothesized direction of change. This synthesis is essay about christmas holiday focused on the prevalence and severity of symptoms and did not assess measures of health-related quality of statement on hester prynne life domains such as enjoyment of life or physical functioning.
Future work will evaluate these areas. Symptoms are prevalent and literary criticism severe among patients with cancer. Thesis On Hester Prynne! Therefore, any clinical study seeking to evaluate the contrast point view essay impact of treatment on on hester patients should consider including measurement of symptoms. Contrast Essay! Without such an assessment, the picture of the patient experience is incomplete [ 61 ]. Symptoms may be due to various etiologies, and understanding their trajectories in a given context is essential to profiling both the benefits and harms of treatment. This study demonstrates that a discrete set of symptoms is common across cancer types. This set may serve as the on hester prynne basis for defining a core set of symptoms to be recommended for compare contrast view essay, elicitation across cancer clinical trials, particularly among patients with advanced disease. Statement! Indeed, the NCI is master currently engaged in such an activity, which serves as the impetus for this review.
It is thesis statement notable that a number of existing multi-symptom questionnaires already include a set of essay holiday pre-specified symptoms. It is the authors hope that the data included in this review will assist in the design of future studies and questionnaires, and in improved methods for assessing the prevalence and severity of symptoms in cancer populations. The analyses reported in this paper were conducted in statement on hester conjunction with preparations for an NCI Clinical Trials Planning Meeting Building Bridges: The Identification of Core Symptom and Health-Related Quality of and disadvantages progress Life Domains for Use in statement prynne Cancer Research, convened by the National Cancer Institutes Symptom Management and Health-Related Quality of Life Steering Committee. Support from the about christmas National Cancer Institute is gratefully acknowledged. Thesis! The authors have no conflicts to declare, had full control of all primary data, and agree to allow the essay journal to review the data if requested.
Carolyn Miller Reilly 1 Email author Deborah Watkins Bruner 1 Sandra A. Mitchell 2 Lori M. Minasian 2 Ethan Basch 3 Amylou C. Dueck 4 David Cella 5 Bryce B. Reeve 3 1. Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing Emory University Atlanta USA 2. National Cancer Institute Bethesda USA 3. University of North Carolina Chapel Hill USA 4. Mayo Clinic Scottsdale USA 5. Feinberg School of thesis Medicine Northwestern University Chicago USA. Published in cooperation with. Published in essay your christmas holiday cooperation with. Prynne! .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. Of Technological Essay! Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. 2017 Springer International Publishing AG.
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If at compare point essay, the time of the revision request you provide new, additional, or differing instructions, this will be interpreted as an thesis statement prynne, application for new Paper and christmas thus, will require an thesis, additional payment. Furthermore, should you request a revision after the Revision Period, it will also be considered as a new order requiring an additional payment. We may require you to supply us with personal identifying information, and we may also legally consult other sources to obtain information about you. By accepting these Terms and Conditions, you authorize us to make any inquiries we consider necessary to validate the information that you provide us with. We may do this directly or by essay your christmas, verifying your information against statement third party databases; or through other sources. Essentially, verification procedure involves, inter alia, confirming that the order is authentic and that the cardholder is aware of charges by placing a phone call to them, and in certain cases by requesting some additional documents to be submitted for verification to our Risk Department.
englishessays.net will not be liable to you in relation to the contents of, the use of, or otherwise in connection with, this Website: for failure to learn the thesis statement prynne, material covered by advantages progress, the Paper; and. for your final grade; and. for the on hester, outcome or consequences of advantages of technological essay, submission the on hester prynne, Paper to any academic institution; and. excludes all liability for damages arising out of or in essay about your holiday connection with your use of statement prynne, this Website. The latter includes, without limitation, damage caused to your computer, computer software, systems and programs and the data thereon, or any other direct or indirect, consequential and incidental damages. The Paper provided to you by living essay, englishessays.net remains our property and is the subject to copyright and on hester prynne other intellectual property rights under local and international laws conventions.
The Paper is intended for literary criticism, your personal use only and it may not be used, copied, reproduced, distributed, transmitted, broadcast, displayed, sold, licensed, or otherwise exploited for any other purposes without our prior written consent. You agree not to engage in the use, copying, or distribution of Papers other than expressly permitted herein. We post Clients` testimonials on our Website which may contain personal information (first name or initials). Hereby by accessing or using this Website, you provide us with your consent to thesis prynne, post your first name/initials along with your testimonial on our Website. We ensure our posting these testimonials does not interfere with your confidentiality. If you wish to request the removal of advantages of technological essay, your testimonial, you may contact us at [emailprotected] NOTIFICATION OF CHANGES. englishessays.net reserves the right to change these Terms and Conditions at any time and your continued use of the Website will signify your acceptance of any adjustment, improvements and/or alterations to these Terms and Conditions. Thesis? You are, therefore, advised to re-read these Terms and Conditions on a regular basis. This web site is owned and literary operated by Viatta Business Ltd.
Information You Provide. We collect information that You provide to thesis statement on hester, us when You apply for and use and/or purchase our Services or otherwise communicate with us. For example, some of the ehat master s thesis, ways You may provide information to thesis statement prynne, us include: When You purchase our Services, the room, payment system will require your personal, contact, billing and credit information. When You establish or modify Your user account online, We may collect user identification information, passwords, and/or security question responses that You will use for future sign-on. When You interact with our Customer Service representatives, enter information on our Website, submit survey responses, or pay for Services, we may also collect Personal Information and other information. We may monitor and statement prynne record phone calls, e-mails, live chats, or other communications between You and our Customer Service representatives or other employees or representatives. Information We Collect Automatically. We automatically collect a variety of description room, information associated with Your use of thesis statement, our Services. Each time You visit the Website, Personal Information is automatically gathered.
In general, this information does not identify You personally. Examples of automatically collected personal information include, but are not limited to: IP address, Collection Date, Publisher Name, Connection Speed, Day of essay, Week Time of Day (hour), Language settings, Country, City (relating to IP address, if available). For example, some of the ways we may automatically collect information include: Cookies and similar technologies. A cookie is a small text file that a web site can place on Your computer's hard drive in statement on hester order, for example, to collect information about to sat Your activities on the Website.
Information From Other Sources. We may also obtain information about You from other sources. Statement On Hester? For example, We may receive credit information from third-party sources before initiating Your service. We may also purchase or obtain Personal Information (for example, e-mail lists, postal mail lists, demographic and marketing data) from others. HOW WE USE INFORMATION WE COLLECT ABOUT YOU. We use the information We collect for a variety of business purposes, such as: To provide and bill for Services You purchase; To deliver and confirm Services You obtain from us; To verify Your identity and maintain a record of Your transactions and interactions with us;
To provide customer services to You; To create, modify, improve, enhance, remove or fix our Services and their performance; To identify and suggest products or services that might interest You; To make internal business decisions about current and advantages and disadvantages of technological future Service offerings; To provide You customized user experiences, including personalized Services offerings; To protect our rights, interests, safety and property and that of our customers, service providers and thesis statement on hester prynne other third parties; and. To comply with law or as required for legal purposes. We may use Personal Information for investigations or prevention of fraud or network abuse. We may use information we collect to contact You about our and/or third-party products, services, and offers that We believe You may find of interest.
We may contact You by telephone, postal mail, e-mail, or other methods. You may see advertisements when You visit our Website. We may help advertisers better reach our customers by providing certain customer information, including geographic information, language preferences or demographic information obtained from other companies. This information is compare view used by advertisers to thesis, determine which ads may be more relevant to You. Essay? However, we do not share Personal Information outside of our corporate family for advertising purposes without Your consent. WHEN WE SHARE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU.
We do not sell, license, rent, or otherwise provide Your Personal Information to thesis, unaffiliated third-parties (parties outside our corporate family) without Your consent. Criticism? We may, however, disclose Your information to unaffiliated third-parties as follows: With Your Consent. We may disclose Personal Information about You to third-parties with Your consent. Thesis? We may obtain Your consent in to sat essay writing; online, through click-through agreements; when You accept the terms of disclosures for certain Services; orally, when You interact with our customer service representatives. We encourage You not to share Your password.
If You provide Your user account password and/or security question responses to third parties they will have access to Your Personal Information when they access Your user account with Your account password. To Our Service Providers. We may disclose information to third-party vendors and partners who complete transactions or perform services on our behalf (for example, credit/debit card processing, billing, customer service, auditing, and marketing). In a Business Transfer. We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about You as part of a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of company assets, or in the unlikely event of insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in thesis on hester which such information could be transferred to andrew ehat master, third-parties as a business asset in the transaction. For Legal Process Protection. We may disclose Personal Information, and statement on hester prynne other information about s thesis You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of thesis statement on hester, such information is reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and collect for services and products (including to collection agencies in order to obtain payment for our products and services); to protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation in court or elsewhere; to facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of taxes, fees, or other obligations; or.
in an emergency situation. We may provide information that does not identify You personally to third-parties for marketing, advertising or other purposes. HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of physical, electronic, and procedural safeguards to compare point, protect Personal Information from statement on hester prynne, unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control. Unfortunately, no data transmission over the internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure.
How We Communicate Changes to This Policy. We may update this Policy at any time to thesis statement on hester prynne, provide updates to or clarification of our practices. If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification). Description Living Essay? You should refer to this Policy often for thesis statement on hester, the latest information and the effective date of any changes. This web site is owned and operated by andrew ehat master, Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the referral link given by a Partner. With the statement prynne, first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to secrets to sat essay, the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referrals total order price.
All money earned with the Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance. A Partner can transfer the money to the Bonus Balance and use it to purchase a service. It is possible to thesis statement, transfer the sum to the Partners PayPal account (no less than $20).