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United States: Essays 1952-1992 by …
My Botany Friends and Students on states essays gore, WikiEducator. Add your name here: Visit Botany for more in resume depth information. Botany , plant science(s) , phytology , or plant biology is a branch of biology and is the scientific study of plant life and development. Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study plants, algae, and fungi including: structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, and chemical properties and evolutionary relationships between the different groups. As with other life forms in biology, plant life can be studied from different perspectives, from the molecular, genetic and united essays biochemical level through organelles, cells, tissues, organs, individuals, plant populations, and communities of plants. At each of these levels a botanist might be concerned with the classification (taxonomy), structure (anatomy and morphology), or function (physiology) of plant life. The Plant World is very fascinating. Important Technical Term in Botany.
Darwin in INDIA. A cake cut at Sophia College in descrimination Mumbai. The Event was organised by a WikiEducator Dr. Arunan, a teacher of the college.See User:Arunan. Gargi College Botanical Society(GCBS) Inter College Festival of GCBS called Ficus 2008 was held on December 12, 2008 in Department of Botany, Gargi College. ALL UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF BOTANY PARTICIPATED. This was the time to enjoy the subject. Various competitions included: Botanical Photography, Botanical Salad Making, Botanical Rangoli, Best out of Botanical Waste, Slogan Writing and many more. For more details and for registration email to: [email protected] Essays Vidal. Annual Botanical Publication of GCBS is called Anthesis Students write on topics of interest ranging from Botany and Biotechnology to Environmental Sciences. This provides a forum to the young Botanists to essays write good technical papers and articles.
The following FIVE Volumes of Anthesis have been publishes so far in print and THREE in electronic form: Anthesis Volume1 (2005-06) Anthesis Volume2 (2006-07) Anthesis Volume3 (2007-08) Anthesis Volume4 (2008-09) Anthesis Volume5 (2009-10) Anthesis Volume6 (2010-11) Anthesis Volume7 (2011-12) Anthesis Volume8 (2012-13) Anthesis Volume8 (2012-13) Anthesis cover of eBook Volume8 (2012-13) Anthesis Volume9 (2013-14) Interesting Quote : Some people talk in their sleep. Lecturers talk while other people sleep.-Albert Camus. It is essential for every student to develop Study Skills. For guidance Click on Study Skills Discover your Learning Style. I have been teaching Botany to undergraduates for united states more than twenty five years. I have seen a sea change in the approach and perspectives in both teaching and learning.
Click on this link to read about - Teaching and resume youtube Learning-My Experiences of three decades. Some useful pages for a Botanist are: Ecological Footprint How do we effect the Ecology of the World we live in? To know about your Ecological Footprint click on this link Click here and here. Visit Ecology for united states essays more in depth information. Education on Ecology and Environment is essential for every learner and Educator.
Thus hub will be a place for all Ecologists to biology contribute and for all learners to be benefited. EnvironEd is a useful page on WikiEducator. Welcome to Ecology and Environment Hub. An understanding of Ecology and Environment is essential for sustainable development. United Vidal. This HUB is under Development. Add your suggestions and comments--Gita Mathur 05:13, 9 July 2009 (UTC) Members of Ecology and Environment Workgroup. This Workgroup will collaboratively develop technical content and case studies for teaching learning related to Ecology and to write about in college Environment . This hub will be moved to a new wikipage when we are ready with the details.
All interested wikifriends are welcome to states vidal jointly develop the headings and developmental biology content on this hub. Add your name and Signature here (add -- ) if you would like to be a member of the Ecology and Environment Workgroup . Dear WikiFriends, it is nice to see all of you here. United Essays. Please add your suggestions here feel free to add content to above pages. You may like to add more topics. go ahead get a feel of collaborative content development.--Gita Mathur 06:34, 15 July 2009 (UTC) General topic link - Life cycle of Gymnosperms and Angiosperms is here  For a useful website click here  As a part of Biodiversity curriculum for Second year B.Sc. Honours in Botany, college Students of various colleges of Delhi University go for a Botanical Excursion. Essays On Women Workplace. I am starting this hub for all to add their experiences of the united states, Current year and previous experiences. This will help both students and teachers to taekwondo thesis decide about future excursions and united gore also help in plant identification.
Let us all share develop this collaboratively. Exploring Plants in Nature. Visit Bryophyta for more in depth information. They are primitive plants that evolved before Nature came up with the idea of flowers, so they reproduce with spores instead of writing exercises for young adults fruits and seeds. Visit Pteridophyta for more in depth information. Fern Like Plants. Economic Botany - For the following topics in Economic Botany Click Here Center of Origin of Cultivated Plants Click here Beverages click here Fibres, Rubber, Firewood, Timber and Bamboos Medicinal Plants Origin and Introduction of united vidal Crop Plants, Cereals and Pulses Potato, Sugarcane and Vegetable Oils Spices.
Also see my video on 'Black Pepper' on on women in the workplace, this page. Shows how Black Peppers start as Green, changing to brown, red and united gore finally black! Click on this link to taekwondo black belt see some photographs clicked by Shalinee Bhardwaj. United Gore Vidal. PCR Polymerase Chain Reaction, Click on thr link here to see a nice vedio on PCR. Look out for taekwondo black belt thesis new reading material and states essays vidal useful links on Plant Anatomy to be added here soon --Dr. Gita Mathur (talk) 18:17, 28 July 2016 (UTC) Some useful links. Root anatomy: Click here Cuscuta haustoria, Root nodules and other root modifications click here. For a very useful link click here. If you are interested in in college doing Research, Click on this Research link read.
My Research studies have been on four lines: M.Sc. United. Thesis on Phenolics in research papers Antigonon leptopus Ph.D. Thesis on Flower colour changes in Lantana camara Post-Doctoral Research Project on Reproductive Bilology of states gore vidal Solanum melomgena Post-Doctoral Research Project on taekwondo belt, Impact of essays vidal Environmental Changes on Plants in Delhi. M.Sc. Creative Writing Exercises Adults. – 1976 University of Delhi. Title:Physio-Chemical Studies on Phenolic Constituents of Seeds of Antigonon leptopus. stages of flower and fruit development. Ph.D. Gore. – 1983 University of Delhi. Title: Flower Colour Changes and Pollination in Lantana camara. Flowering bush in descrimination essay Gargi. Set up a Botany Research Laboratory in Gargi College, University of Delhi. This research was carried out in the new Laboratory. 'Reproductive Biology of Eggplant – Solanum melongena' as a research project awarded to me by Department of Science Technology, Government of states India, 1996 to 2000. My poster at IBC, St.Louis.
Parts of two types of flowers. Amazing Eggplants; Photo by Shalinee. Amazing Eggplants; Photo by Shalinee. Shalinee Bhardwaj was my Botany undergrad student in Gargi College. After finishing Post-graduation in Botany from writing adults DU, she worked in my research project on Eggplant, Solanum melongena . Later, she was also a faculty of the Education department of my college. Her clicked photos above show her deep involvement with eggplants. Botany research Laboratory, Gargi College, University of Delhi. Studies on Effect of Environmental Changes on Selected Herbaceous Plants of Delhi, as a research project awarded jointly to Dr.
Gita Mathur Dr. States Vidal. Bharati Bhattacharyya by University Grants Commission, Government of India, 2001 to 2003. Phyllanthus fraternus plant. Instruments used for admissions essays Field Studies. States Essays Vidal. Flower of Stellaria media in my hand. Teaching is essays on women not just a profession, it is a passion for many of united essays gore us. You can see the following Videos: This has slides of the F2F L4C Workshop I attended. Descrimination. Slides of Green and Red Black Peppers.
Note about this video: -- 'Black Pepper' is cultivated in Kerala, a State in the Southern part of India. The pictures in gore this Video are of Fresh Black peppers which were brought to me yesterday by my Undergraduate Student Drishya Nair. These pictures have been clicked by me today (Dec. 2, 2008). Young Peppers are green, become dark, then red with maturation. (Note these 'Stages of Development' in descrimination essay the pictures.) These are then harvested and cured to get the commercial Black Pepper used as a spice the world over. My students are very enthusiastic young Botanists! Thanks Drishya. kaltura-widget kalturaid='yy115lzce2' size='L' align='L'/ Bryophyllum Red Flowers - Short clip of a film recorded by me. WikiEducator Page - a small film recorded by me for learning to united vidal upload a video on my page. eL4C15 On-Line Workshop Nov.24-Dec.5, 2008. I attended this workshop. On Women Workplace. The video has slides of Screen-Shots of the united states essays, workshop.
More Botanical ones to be added soon. On-line learning is becoming very popular now. Register on the site of | WiZiQ and see the recordings of some useful lessons. Emailing useful materials - Interlinking Classroom and Web for Teaching. I take the email ID's of all my students and make class-wise mailing groups. For every class I ask one student to be my Email Contact who ensures that everyone is getting the mails and tells me about change/addition of email ID from that class I send every class group, the syllabus, before starting of the new session in the college.
Next, I mail a list of readings relevant to their course to be studied. I send paper-wise book lists for reading. I also send a soft copy of list of Botany Books in the college library and their location on the Gargi College library shelves. This also includes the number of to write in college admissions copies of the books available in the Reference section and the Issue sections. As all my students do not have access to internet at home, I give out prints which they can photocopy. Some take copes from their friends. Where ever possible and relevant, I email reading materials which students can printout and bring to the class. I ensure that I send this well in united gore advance. In Botany there are long Botanical names which students tend to copy from the classroom board making spelling mistakes. Sending them the list of names which would be used in the coming lecture solves this problem.For example Potato is Solanum tuberosum to Botanists.
My main focus is on two lines Using the technological advancements in everyday, classroom education. Keeping a balance of Chalkboard teaching and internet usage. There can never be any method better than the in the workplace, Chalkboard / Whiteboard approach. The reason for this, in my opinion is that this method makes every lesson highly customized for that batch of students. These are Photographs of Tissue Culture Experiments done in Gargi College by united states III year students of taekwondo black belt thesis B.Sc. Honours in Botany . Cells of Onion Root Tip showing Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase Telophase.
STAGES OF CELL DIVISION - MITOSIS. Gore. Click on essays in the, the links below to see the united essays vidal, fascinating world of a Botanist. Scanning Electron Microscope pictures: click here and click here. Learning to upload a presentation. Learning to upload a presentation made in in the workplace open office Br. Gore. Click on the link here and follow the steps in the presentation for uploading a presentation on WikiEducator.Br.This is for Open Source systems only.
Learning to use a computerBr.This presentation is for those who are totally new to computers. Ask them to papers see this presentation and become users. Reference Cards for use in Face-to-Face Learning-for-Content Workshops. WikiEducator-Gargi_2009_Reference_CardsBr. This presentation is a slide show for states essays gore vidal Newbies and for those who want to revise or practice WikiEducator Skills. Presentation slides - WikiEducator in Linux Delhi Meet. Developing Open Educational Resources: WikiEducator-Gargi 2009 – A Step Forward. Talk by Two WikiEducators of Gargi College at a meet:Br. Freed.in – Getting There Together,Br. Black Thesis. held on Feb.20-21, 2009 at states gore Jawaharlal Nehru University Campus, New Delhi. Br.
Focus Area: Unfettered access to knowledge, especially for EducationBr. Title: Developing Open Educational Resources: WikiEducator-Gargi 2009 – A Step Forward Br. Dr. Gita Mathur and Dr. Promila Kumar Br. Gargi College(University of Delhi), Siri Fort Road, New Delhi – 110049.Br. /div Today three of writing exercises my students came to me and asked me to united states gore vidal suggest how they can spend their time fruitfully till July 2013. Developmental Research Papers. we had a long discussion, here are some possible options and united essays vidal also some links I asked them to look up.
Think about what interests you and how much time you would want to spend. Remember this is the time to catchup on your hobbies and fun too. Delhi is black belt very hot keeping protected id a must. Working on essays, the net from the comfort of your home can be a good option. simply downloading or saving links for the next semester papers. Syllabus is on DU website.
Start writing articled for next issue of 'Anthesis' Create your own free website at WiliEducator. Dear Students and friends, click on the link above try out my quiz.
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United States: Essays 1952-1992: …
Glory Road Essays and vidal, Research Papers. Total Pages: 10 Words: 3828 Bibliography:9 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay. a. Resume. Basic Story Line. c. What did you personally get from the movie? a. What are the main themes of the movie? b. How do the main themes of the movie relate to the topics of our class? (All) c. Explain how your faith relates to the major themes in the movie. a. Identify themes and how they relate to the various topics in the field of gore sport sociology. b. Describe how each journal article relates to each of major themes from the essay, movie and give examples. a. Your overall interpretation of the movie and themes.
b. What specifically could the united gore vidal, producers have improved upon in the movie? a. Descrimination Essay. From current literature/journal articles. b. From your own input. Can you Pleas use this articles that I am sending you I am just sending abstracts but if you want I will send you articles. Author(s): Alley, Thomas R. United States Vidal. email: Hicks, Catherine M. Source: Adolescence Summer2005, Vol. 40 Issue 158, p273 8p.
Subject Terms: *SPORTS. HIGH school students. STEREOTYPES (Social psychology) PEER review in psychology. Abstract: This study examined gender stereotypes in peer ratings of creative exercises adults femininity and masculinity for adolescent participants in three sports. Following a preliminary study of gender stereotyping of several sports, high school students rated unfamiliar cohorts each of whom was described in a single paragraph as either a male or female dedicated participant in one of three sports. A total of 12 different descriptive paragraphs were used in a 2 (race) x 2 (sex) x 3 (sport) design.
Each of these paragraphs, although short, ascribed a variety of traits that could be seen by raters as the independent variables: name (initials only), age, race, gender, hours of united states gore vidal practice per week, number of essay competitions/performances per year, sport, and self-confidence. United Essays Vidal. For this reason, raters were highly unlikely to taekwondo black surmise that sex and sport were the primary independent variables in the study. As predicted, there was a consistent decrease in rated femininity and states essays gore, increase in masculinity for both male and descrimination essay, female adolescent targets as they switched from gore vidal, participating in youtube, a feminine (ballet) to a neutral (tennis) to a masculine (karate) sport. These results suggest that sex stereotypes for certain sports may influence who elects to participate and how participants are viewed by others. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR.
Document Information: Publication Type: Journal Article Update Code: 20050719. Title: Game, Sex, and Match: The Construction of Gender in British Newspaper Coverage of the 2000 Wimbledon Championships. Author(s): Vincent, John1. Source: Sociology of states essays gore Sport Journal 2004: Vol. 21 Issue 4. p. 435-456 22p.
Country of Publication: United States. Subject Terms: *TENNIS. *WIMBLEDON Tennis Tournament. *MASS media sports. Geographic Terms: GREAT Britain. Keyword(s): CONTENT ANALYSIS; OCCURRENCE; STEREOTYPING. Abstract: This study compared British newspaper coverage of female and male tennis players competing in the 2000 Wimbledon Championships.
Content analysis methodology was used to descrimination essay compare the amount of coverage in The Times, Daily Mail, and The Sun. Drawing on Connell's (1987, 1993, 1995) theory of gender power relations, textual analysis was used to examine recurring themes in the gendered coverage and analyze how the themes intersected with race. States Essays Gore Vidal. Although few discrepancies were found in the amount of coverage, qualitative comparisons revealed that the predominantly male journalists generally devalued the athletic achievements of female tennis players by using cultural and racial stereotypes, trivialization, and sexual innuendo. Resume Youtube Video. In comparison, the journalists frequently expressed their reverence for male tennis players' athleticism, reproducing and legitimizing hegemonic masculinity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Title: Style Matters: Explorations of Bodies, Whiteness, and Identity in united states vidal, Rock Climbing. Author(s): Erickson, Bruce. Source: Sociology of Sport Journal Sep2005, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p373 24p. Subject Terms: *ROCK climbing. *DISCRIMINATION in sports.
Abstract: The concern for style in climbing has been a long-standing debate in the climbing community, ranging from discussions around the politics of bolting routes to what exactly constitutes a first ascent. These debates, when read through Lacanian psychoanalysis, illustrate a larger concern for on women in the workplace, the construction of identity within rock climbing. Style becomes a strategy of differentiation that works through the signifier of united states essays vidal whiteness to promise wholeness to the identity of the climber. Descriptions of the events in August of 2000 when four American climbers on a North Face expedition in Kyrgyzstan were taken hostage by members of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan illustrate that whiteness only covers up deficiencies in the subject and creates a constant state of insecurity. Through the belt, concept of whiteness as a logic of difference, it is possible to understand how this event illustrates the construction of whiteness, and specifically, the united, moments when whiteness fails to provide being to taekwondo black belt thesis the subject. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR. Title: Venus, Serena, and the Women's Tennis Association: When and Where Race Enters. Author(s): Douglas, Delia D. Source: Sociology of essays vidal Sport Journal Sept 2005: Vol. 22 Issue 3. p. 256-282 27p. Country of video Publication: United States.
Subject Terms: *TENNIS. Keyword(s): RACISM; PROFESSIONAL. People/Teams: WILLIAMS, V. Abstract: By 2002 Venus and united essays gore vidal, Serena Williams were the creative exercises for young adults, top two women players on the women^D's professional tennis tour. Nevertheless, despite their spectacular success, there has been a decidedly ambivalent tenor toward their accomplishments. Applying Raymond Williams' concept of structures of feeling, this essay considers how dominant cultural meanings and values are taken up and essays gore, expressed through the resume, atmosphere produced at a sport event. Drawing on the insights offered by critical race scholarship and critical whiteness studies, the following discussion examines the character and united essays vidal, significance of the atmosphere produced at two tournaments (Indian Wells, CA, in 2001 and the French Open in 2003) in order to understand how white racial subjectivities are conceived and communicated in daily life. Black Thesis. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR. Title: Mapping Whiteness and Sport: Introduction to the Special Issue.
Author(s): McDonald, Mary. Source: Sociology of Sport Journal Sep2005, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p245 11p. Subject Terms: *DISCRIMINATION in sports. *RACISM in sports. ENDOWMENT of research. Abstract: This introductory essay maps a context from which to understand the explosion in the analysis of whiteness, white identities and white privilege in the 1990s and 2000s. The current proliferation—including this special issue devoted to united states essays vidal the study of whiteness and sport—is not a new phenomenon because people of color have long critiqued and challenged the mythologies perpetuating racism and white supremacy. Contemporary interdisciplinary scholarship works within and against this legacy suggesting that the articles in this special issue constitute an epistemologically divided knowledge project that is further implicated in contemporary power relations, racial performances, and struggles over writing exercises for young adults meaning. Essays. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR. Title: Policing the taekwondo belt, Race: U.S.
Men's Distance Running and the Crisis of Whiteness. Author(s): Walton, Theresa A.; Butryn, Ted M. Source: Sociology of vidal Sport Journal Mar2006, Vol. Essays In The Workplace. 23 Issue 1, p1 28p. Subject Terms: *MARATHON running. Geographic Terms: UNITED States.
Abstract: In this article, we examine the united states essays gore, complex relationship between whiteness and men's U.S. distance running. Through a critical examination of over developmental biology 700 print and electronic sources dealing with distance running in states, the U.S. Belt Thesis. from the 1970s through the present, we present evidence that distance running has been framed as a “White space” that is threatened by both external factors (dominance of male international distance-running competition by athletes from united states gore, African nations) and resume video, internal factors (lack of U.S. White male success in states essays gore vidal, conjunction with the success of U.S. citizens of color, born within and outside of the U.S.). We also examine several forms of backlash against these perceived threats, including the media focus on a succession of next White hopes, the rise of U.S. only black thesis, prize money in road races, and the marginalization of gore vidal African-born U.S. runners. Our analysis reveals how the media works to normalize whiteness within the larger narrative of U.S. distance running and suggests the need for future work on whiteness and developmental biology research papers, sport. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR. Title: Mapping Whiteness and Sport: Introduction to the Special Issue. Author(s): McDonald, Mary. Source: Sociology of Sport Journal Sep2005, Vol.
22 Issue 3, p245 11p. Subject Terms: *DISCRIMINATION in essays gore vidal, sports. *RACISM in sports. ENDOWMENT of research. Abstract: This introductory essay maps a context from which to understand the youtube video, explosion in the analysis of whiteness, white identities and white privilege in the 1990s and 2000s. The current proliferation—including this special issue devoted to the study of whiteness and sport—is not a new phenomenon because people of united states essays vidal color have long critiqued and challenged the mythologies perpetuating racism and white supremacy. Descrimination Essay. Contemporary interdisciplinary scholarship works within and against this legacy suggesting that the articles in this special issue constitute an epistemologically divided knowledge project that is states vidal further implicated in contemporary power relations, racial performances, and struggles over meaning. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR. Rumbles in the jungle: boxing, racialization and the performance of masculinity. Author(s): Woodward, K.1 email: Conference: Race, Nation, Sport (2d: 2002: London)
Source: Leisure Studies Jan 2004: Vol. 23 Issue 1. p. 5-17 13p. Country of Publication: United Kingdom. Subject Terms: *BOXING. Geographic Terms: SHEFFIELD (England) Abstract: Men's boxing is a sport with successful, high profile and affluent participants and one that includes many of the research, very much less well off. It has traditionally involved high participation by men from black and minority ethnic backgrounds. The sport is beset by contradictions, between racism and united vidal, opportunity, discipline and excess, beautiful bodies and those that are fractured and damaged, and between traditional and alternative presentations of masculinity.
The negotiation and presentation of raced and gendered identities have a strong presence, especially in terms of the ways in which hegemonic masculinity might be enacted. This paper is taekwondo black belt thesis about racialized masculinities in boxing and links ethnography at states gore vidal a Sheffield gym that has produced some very well-known boxers, with an exploration of popular, media narratives about this particular performance of masculinities and the discursive location of boxing as a sport. It looks at the enactment of masculinities at a site that might appear to offer particularly essentialized and polarized versions of masculinity, race and class. It examines the ways in which men participate in to write in college essays, boxing at a variety of levels and the interconnections between the public and the private stories that are told about men and boxing. Coaching difference: a case study of 4 African American women student-athletes. Country of gore Publication: United States. Subject Terms: *COACHING (Athletics) WOMEN -- Sociological aspects. Geographic Terms: UNITED States.
Keyword(s): RACISM; STEREOTYPE. Abstract: The purpose of the research papers, present investigation was to describe the experiences of African American women student-athletes and the role that coaches play in united essays vidal, those experiences. This study profiles 4 women who participated in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I cross-country, crew, track and field, and volleyball. Descrimination. Using data gathered through the qualitative methods of document analysis, background questionnaires, focus groups, grounded surveys, and indepth individual interviews, the results of the united states essays vidal, study are focused on how coaches affect individual student-athletes and, most specifically, a particular segment of the essay, athletic world that tends to be overlooked: the African American woman. Results are organized according to united gore vidal the following themes that emerged through the collection of taekwondo data: (a) the states essays gore vidal, involvement of coaches in African American women student-athletes' exposure to video racism through stereotypes, (b) coaches as significant influences on African American women becoming involved and gore, remaining involved in sport, and (c) power structures in sport and what to write admissions, society affecting African American women as a form of institutional racism. United Essays Gore Vidal. A practical applications section follows the taekwondo belt, results. Related Records: Parent Item: SPHP6162.
Number of References: Print references: 32. General Notes: Original research. Author Affiliations: 1 Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269. Title: Coaching difference: a case study of 4 African American women student-athletes. Author(s): Bruening, J.E.1 email.
Source: Journal of Strength Conditioning Research May 2004: Vol. 18 Issue 2. p. 242-251 10p. Country of Publication: United States. Subject Terms: *COACHING (Athletics) WOMEN -- Sociological aspects. Geographic Terms: UNITED States. Keyword(s): RACISM; STEREOTYPE. Abstract: The purpose of the united states essays, present investigation was to describe the experiences of African American women student-athletes and the role that coaches play in those experiences.
This study profiles 4 women who participated in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I cross-country, crew, track and resume youtube, field, and volleyball. Using data gathered through the qualitative methods of document analysis, background questionnaires, focus groups, grounded surveys, and indepth individual interviews, the results of the study are focused on how coaches affect individual student-athletes and, most specifically, a particular segment of the athletic world that tends to be overlooked: the united essays gore vidal, African American woman. Results are organized according to the following themes that emerged through the collection of data: (a) the involvement of coaches in African American women student-athletes' exposure to racism through stereotypes, (b) coaches as significant influences on African American women becoming involved and remaining involved in sport, and creative writing exercises for young adults, (c) power structures in sport and society affecting African American women as a form of institutional racism. A practical applications section follows the results. Related Records: Parent Item: SPHP6162. Number of References: Print references: 32. General Notes: Original research. Author Affiliations: 1 Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269. Title: Mapping Whiteness and Sport: Introduction to the Special Issue.
Author(s): McDonald, Mary. Source: Sociology of Sport Journal Sep2005, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p245 11p. Subject Terms: *DISCRIMINATION in states essays gore vidal, sports. *RACISM in sports. ENDOWMENT of research. Abstract: This introductory essay maps a context from which to understand the explosion in the analysis of whiteness, white identities and white privilege in the 1990s and 2000s.
The current proliferation—including this special issue devoted to the study of whiteness and sport—is not a new phenomenon because people of color have long critiqued and resume, challenged the mythologies perpetuating racism and white supremacy. Contemporary interdisciplinary scholarship works within and against this legacy suggesting that the articles in this special issue constitute an epistemologically divided knowledge project that is further implicated in contemporary power relations, racial performances, and states, struggles over meaning. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR. Alley, T. R. (2000). Peer Attitudes Towards Adolescent Participants in Male- and Female Oriented Sports. Adolescence Summer2005, 40, 273-281.
When and Where Race Enters. Sociology of Sport Journal, 22, 256-282. Identity in Rock Climbing. : Sociology of Sport Journal, 22, 373. Myths, and Stereotypes about African American Athleticism: A. Qualitative Investigation. Sport, Education, and Society, 9, 33-52. Special Issue.
Sociology of black belt Sport Journal, 22, 245-256. (2005). States Essays Gore Vidal. Soccer Society Summer/Autumn, 6, 158-162. British Newspaper Coverage of the 2000 Wimbledon Championships. Sociology of developmental research Sport Journal, 21, 435-456. Distance Running and the Crisis of Whiteness. Sociology of Sport. performance of masculinity.
Leisure Studies, 23, 5-17. Total Pages: 6 Words: 1808 Sources:6 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper. a. Formatted correctly. b. In APA everything is double spaced. a. What experts think or have said about the subject ( literature reviews) b. DO NOT use the same author twice in your paper. There are many experts that you can use. Do some research. c. It is important to united vidal leave yourself out of any research paper. To Write About In College Essays. Keep yourself out states essays, of the what to write about essays, paper until the conclusion. The conclusion is the only place where it is proper to voice your thoughts or opinions.
Do not use I?. Only use this researcher feels, this researcher thinks etc. d. Clear concise writing. e. Do not make paragraphs too long, 5 to 6 sentences max. f. Watch your grammar and spelling. My suggestion let someone read your work before you turn it in. United States Essays Gore. Also read aloud that may help you clear up many grammatical mistakes. g. Indent paragraphs (except abstract) h. Be non-judgmental, or objective in taekwondo black, the content of your paper. i. Proper citing of an states gore, author ( see below) b. What your final thoughts were on the subject or what the experts might have said.
c. Start out the last paragraph with: In conclusion. a. Formatted correctly. Citing an Author. • Do NOT limit yourself to the same authors, do some research. • Do not use the same author more than twice in the ENTIRE paper. • What do other experts think?
• Every instructor has their own opinion on how to cite an biology research papers, author. • THIS IS WHAT I PREFER: I expect to united states see the to write in college admissions, author(s) cited to be at the BEGINNING of united essays gore vidal a sentence or paragraph. • I prefer and DO NOT WANT to see an author’s name at the end of a paragraph. • Hogan (2008) stated, “the United States is a safer place because of our criminal justice system. p.231. If you are taking what the author said verbatim, ALWAYS use quotation marks. • If you are paraphrasing an author, it can look like this Hogan (2008) believes that the what to write about admissions essays, United States is a much better and gore vidal, safer place to live because of the well trained police officers. • The year of the publication appears in parenthesis following the identification of the author(s). • Always include the descrimination essay, page number at the end of the sentence when you quote an author. It is essays a good habit to get into. • Every author that you have mentioned in your paper should always be in your reference page. (In APA style, in alphabetical order, last name first and double spaced.) • When a source that has three, four, or five authors is cited, all authors are included the first time the source is cited. Burke, Canes, Davis, Grier and Smith(2009) said, “ the sea of life is in the workplace eternal.” p.19.
• When that source is essays gore vidal cited again, the descrimination, first authors’ surname and “et al.” are used. Burke et al. (2009) stated, “The world is a delight.” p.189. • When a source that has two authors is cited, both authors are cited every time. • When citing 2 authors, in the context of your paper, use “and” between both authors names. Smith and Jones (2007) said…………………. • In the reference page use the “” sign between the two authors names. Smith, J. Jones K., The Glory Road , Prentice Hall Publishers, New York, 2007.
Title: Grant and Lee A Study in Contracts. Total Pages: 1 Words: 378 References:0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay. by Bruce Catton. ?Grant and Lee: A Study in united essays, Contrast? was written as a chapter of The American Story, a collection of essays by creative for young noted historians. In this study, as in most of his other writing, Bruce Catton does more than recount the facts of history: he shows the significance within them. It is a carefully constructed essay, using contrast and comparison as the entire framework for his explanation.
These men were bringing the Civil War to gore vidal its virtual finish. To be sure, other armies had yet to surrender, and for thesis, a few days the fugitive Confederate government would struggle desperately and vainly, trying to find some way to go on states essays gore vidal, living now that its chief support was gone. Resume Youtube Video. But in effect it was all over when Grant and Lee signed the papers. And the little room where they wrote out the terns was the scene of on of the states gore vidal, poignant, dramatic contrasts in American History. They were two strong men these oddly different generals, and descrimination, they represented the strengths of two conflicting currents that through them, had come into final collision.
Back of Robert E Lee was the notion that the states gore, old aristocratic concept might somehow survive and be dominant in American life. Lee was tidewater Virginia, and in his background were family, culture, and tradition? the age of what about essays chivalry transplanted to a New World which was making its own legends and its own myths. He embodied a way of life that had come down through the age of knighthood and the English country squire. United. America was a land that was beginning all over again, dedicated to nothing much more complicated than the rather hazy belief that all men had equal rights and should have and equal chance in the world. In such a land Lee stood for the feeliong that it was somehow of advantage to humans society to have a pronounced inequality in the social structure. There should be a leisure class, backed by ownership of land; in turn, society itself should be keyed to the land as the chief source of wealth and influence. It would bring fourth (according to this ideal) a class of men with a strong sense of obligation to the community; men who lived not to gain advantage for themselves, but to meet the solemn obligations which had been laid on then by the very fact that they were privileged. From them the on women in the, country would get its leadership? to them it could look for united essays vidal, higher values ? of essay thought, of conduct, or personal deportment ? to give it strength and united, virtue. Lee embodied the noblest elements of this aristocratic ideal. Through him, the landed nobility justified itself. For four years, the Southern started had fought a desperate war to uphold the ideals for which Lee stood.
In the essays workplace, end, it almost seemed as of the united states essays gore, Confederacy fought for essays on women in the workplace, Lee; as if he himself was the united states essays gore, Confederacy? the best thing that the way of life for which the Confederacy stood could ever have to offer. He had passed into biology research papers legend before Appomattox. Thousands of tired, underfed, poorly clothed Confederate soldiers, long since past the simple enthusiasm of the early days of the struggle, somehow considered Lee the symbol of everything for which they had been willing to die. But they could not quite put this feeling into words, If the Lost Cause, sanctified by so much heroism and so many deaths, had a living justification, its justification was General Lee. Grant, the son of a tanner on the Western frontier, was everything Lee was not. He had come up the hard way and embodied nothing in particular except the eternal toughness and sinewy fiber of the men who grew up beyond the mountains. He was one of a body of men who owed reverence and obeisance to no one, who were self-reliant to a fault, who cared hardly anything for the past but who had a sharp eye for essays gore vidal, the future.
These frontier men were the precise opposites of the tidewater aristocrats. Back of them, in the great surge that had taken people over the Alleghenies and into developmental the opening Western country, there was a deep, implicit dissatisfaction with a past that had settled into grooves. They stood for democracy, not from any reasoned conclusion about the proper ordering of essays gore human society, but simply because they had grown up in the middle of democracy and knew how it worked. Their society might have privileges, but thy would be privileges each man had won for himself. Forms and patterns meant nothing.
No man was born to anything, except perhaps to a chance to show how far he could rise. Life was competition. Yet along with this feeling had come a deep sense of belonging to a national community. The Westerner who developed a farm, opened a shop, or set up in business as a trader could hope to prosper only as his own community prospered ? and admissions essays, his community ran from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from Canada down to Mexico. If the land was settled, with towns and highways and accessible markets, he could better himself. He saw his fate in terms of the nation?s own destiny. As its horizons expanded, so did his. He had, in other words, and acute dollars-and-cents stake in the continued growth and united essays gore vidal, development of his country. And that, perhaps, is developmental biology research papers where the contrast between Grant and Lee becomes most striking. The Virginia aristocrat, inevitably, saw himself in vidal, relation to his own region, He lived in creative writing exercises, a static society which could endure almost anything except change.
Instinctively, his first loyalty would go to united the locality in which that society existed. He would fight to resume video the limit of endurance to defend it, because on defending it he was defending everything that gave his own life its deepest meaning. The Westerner, on the other hand, would fight with an equal tenacity for the boarder concept of society. He fought so because everything he lived by was tied to growth, expansion, and a constantly widening horizon. What he lived by would survive of fall with the nation itself. He could not possibly stand by unmoved on the face of an attempt to destroy the Union. He would combat it with everything he had, because he could only see it as an effort to cut the ground out from under his feet. So Grant and Lee were in complete contrast, representing two diametrically opposed elements in American life. Grant was the states gore vidal, modern man emerging; beyond him, ready to developmental papers come on the stage was the great age of steal and machinery, of crowded cities and a restless burgeoning vitality. Lee might have ridden down from the old age of chivalry, lance in hand, silken banner fluttering over his head. Each man was the perfect champion for states, his cause, drawing both his strengths and his weaknesses from the people he led.
Yet it was not all contrast, after all. Different as they were ? in background, in personality, in developmental biology research papers, underlying aspiration ? these two great soldiers had much in common. Under everything else, they were marvelous fighters. States Gore. Furthermore, their fighting qualities were really very much alike. Each man had, to begin with, the great virtue or utter tenacity and fidelity. Grant fought his way down the essays on women workplace, Mississippi Valley in spite of united gore acute personal discouragement and profound military handicaps. Lee hung on in the trench at about in college essays Petersburg after hope born fighter?s refusal to give up a long as he can still remain on united states essays vidal, his feet and lift his two fists. Daring and resourcefulness they had, too: the ability to think faster and move faster than the enemy. These were the qualities which gave Lee the resume youtube, dazzling campaigns of Second Manassas and Chancellorsville and won Vicksburg for Grant.
Lastly, and perhaps greatest of united essays gore vidal all, there was the resume video, ability, at the end, to essays gore turn quickly from the war to writing exercises for young adults peace once the fighting was over. Out of the way these two men behaved at Appomattox came the possibility of peace of reconciliation. It was a possibility not wholly realized, in the year to come, but which did, in the end, help the two sections to become one nation again? after a war whose bitterness might have seemed to make such a reunion wholly impossible. No part of either man?s life became him more than the united states essays gore, part he played in their brief meeting in the McLean house at Appomattox. Their behavior there all succeeding generations of Americans in their debt.
Two great Americans, Grant and Lee ? very different, yet under everything very much alike. Black Belt. Their encounter at Appomattox was one of the great moments of American history. 3. Why do the united gore vidal, differences between Grant and Lee recieve more extended treatment than the similarities? Why are the similarities discussed last? 4. How would you characterize Catton's attitude towards the two men?
Refer to specific parts of the essay when answering.
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The internet is descrimination essay a catalyst for a number of states gore, new words that have become normal in everyday language. This has raised some fundamental questions about the nature of such words being included in essay, the dictionary. This essay will argue that although change is inevitable. English language , Etymology , French language 1231 Words | 4 Pages. in a more accurate way. WELL, that is how I feel about united gore, what I write.
Since coming home for the summer, I’ve revisited old papers and essays . for further refinement and fine tweaking just because I think it’s fun (and because I’m a perfectionist, whoops). So some of the essays I post are more loved and tended to than others, but today I am posting the first essay I wrote for the Nonfiction Writing class I took this past spring at KU. It’s come a long way since then, and I’m certain I will pay it. Essay. Microsoft Word , Political correctness , Word 2077 Words | 6 Pages. Mark G. Period 6 01.24.12 AP Literature Othello Words Essay The word “heaven” is one of the most frequently . used words in the play Othello. Throughout the play, the word is used in various forms with numerous connotations, often including multiple ones in a single incident. “Heaven” is used in the first few acts mostly as a “power or majesty of heaven, or as God”(“Heaven” Def. 7a). The people refer to united states essays gore vidal the heavens as a God or a divine being, such as when Cassio says “Oh, let the heavens Give him.
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English passive voice , Essay , Grammar 1108 Words | 3 Pages. 800 Word Essay Food, health and medical technologies have a large impact on individuals and communities today and in the . Resume Youtube Video. future. Throughout this paper, discussion will involve the issues that society faces regarding food and health and how we can create a healthier and safer world for our future. The food industry has a large impact on individuals and will affect wider communities in the future. The rush of today’s society has pushed food production to become more commercialized with prepackaged/premade. Fast food , Food , Health 826 Words | 3 Pages. 346). In his essay , “Slurring Spanish,” Luis Rodriguez highlights the difficulties of bilingual speakers, specifically Spanish speakers, in . America. He concentrates on the challenges that Spanish speakers face in school from united states essays gore vidal, having English forced as the language to be spoken at all times, moreover Rodriguez points out two Spanish-speaking students that experienced the developmental biology research papers, hardships of bilingual speakers in an “English Only” education system. Essays Vidal. Although Luis Rodriguez could have written his essay in his native.
Bilingual education , English language , French language 1061 Words | 4 Pages. ?2000 Word Essay on Disrespecting an NCO by SPC BUTLER On November 21, I received a negative counseling for in the, disrespecting a Non . Commissioned Officer, though it was warranted by a series of events I didn’t agree with I should have found a more appropriate way to voice my concerns. The online dictionary defines disrespect as an expression of lack of states gore vidal, respect and a fashion that is in the workplace generally disrespectful and states gore, contemptuous. I define disrespect as putting one down verbally, physical or emotionally. In. Corporal , Non-commissioned officer , Officer 2059 Words | 3 Pages. A Definition Essay on the Word Romance.
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The Essay is considered on youtube time or late depending on when it arrives in my Assignment inbox and not when you send it. Double space. The essay should have an introduction, a multiparagraph body, and a conclusion. You must use specific facts from the assigned textbook reading and states essays gore, you must cite those facts in essays in the, the body of the. 18th century , Charles I of England , Charles II of states gore vidal, England 1058 Words | 3 Pages. stand.” The Sword of The Spirit . and the sword of the spirit, which is the youtube video, word of God: What is united states gore The Sword of The Spirit? . Creative Writing Exercises For Young. The word of God!
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Essay: A Report on united states essays gore, E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Following report has been made on the ‘Indian E-commerce Industry’. All the what in college admissions essays, data has been collected from the internet, research papers and surveys. The e-commerce is one of the biggest things that have taken the Indian business by storm. It is creating an united essays vidal entire new economy, which has a huge potential and is fundamentally changing the way businesses are done. It has advantages for both buyers as well as sellers and this win-win situation is at the core of its phenomenal rise. Rising incomes and a greater variety of taekwondo thesis goods and services that can be bought over the internet is making buying online more attractive and convenient for consumers all over the country. The report gives information on united essays, different aspects of the Indian E-commerce industry.
For simplicity it is divided into to write about essays, various chapters. Chapter 1 ‘ Introduces to the Indian E-commerce industry and defines its importance to gore vidal the economy. Descrimination? The objective of the study is set in this chapter. Chapter 2 – Briefs about the Global and Indian scenario. Comparison of U.S and Indian E-commerce.
Chapter 3 ‘ Provides a brief insight into united essays vidal, the Structure of the industry with the HHI index the Chapter 4 ‘ Has the macro environmental analysis of black belt E-Commerce industry which includes the PESTEL analysis. Chapter 5 – Briefs the Competitive analysis using Porters 5 Forces. Chapter 6 ‘ Performance Analysis using 4 key metrics on major players of E-commerce industry. Also included the Internet users traffic comparison on states vidal, top 10 e-commerce sites in taekwondo belt thesis, India. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Since from states essays gore few years, Growth of internet has changed the world in resume youtube video, terms of states essays expectations of. the consumer and black belt thesis, consumer behaviour. Online websites for product purchasing concentrate. on consumer behaviour pattern and shopping patter with drastic change. United States Essays? Company are now a. days willing to change their marketing strategies as they have understood traditional selling. practices won’t work with changing technology world.
‘Buying and selling products online’ was a new chapter introduced in the internet world in. year 1991. Ebay.com played a significant role to create a revolution in the online ecommerce. Till that time nobody thought that purchasing all kind of products online will become a trend. in world and India will share a good part of success. In the late 1990’s, ReddifShopping.com. and Ebay.com gave a first-hand experience for Indians towards E-retail. Initially when it use to come for weekly shopping of groceries, clothes, shoes and cosmetics, majority of the youtube, people preferred to get into their cars and united, drive to the supermarket to get the. groceries, shops or malls for other basic products.
Now it is becoming common news that. people even buy their groceries online in India. 1.2 Business Model of belt thesis E-commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 1) Flash Sales Sites: A Flash Sales e-Commerce Website is states essays a B2C type business model. where the website sells the essay, products directly to the end customers. They normally. manage the entire process of the e-Commerce lifecycle on their own or through their. partners and the consumer make the united essays vidal, payment directly to youtube video the business owning and. managing the website. The consumers take the benefit of huge discounts, which at.
times ranges from 50% to 90%, and prefer to buy the products they always aspired to. own. They are normally unaware or do not really care even if the product they are. buying from such websites are obsolete or no longer in fashion. 2) Daily Deals Sites: A Daily Deals Website also operates as a B2C website and. typically showcases a very lucrative sale on a single or a set of products for the.
customers. Unlike the Flash Sales website, such a deal is time bound (usually for a. day) which compels the user to united states make immediate decisions for that product purchase. 3) Group Buying Sites: A group buying website is quite a unique B2C business model. where the website invites the buyers to buy the products / services at a discounted or. at a wholesale price. Like the Daily Deals site, the products advertised on the group. buying sites are also time bound, but usually not limited to a day. An online subscription website works in a similar manner like an descrimination offline subscription.
for any kind of service. Such websites showcase the entire catalogue of subscription. options for the users to states essays gore choose from and subscribe online. There are a number of resume B2C e-Commerce websites offering a range of products and. services to customers across different brands and categories.
Such websites buy the. products from the brands or their distributors and sell to the end customer on market. competitive prices. Though their modus operandi is same like a flash sales website, but their business objective is to offer the latest products to the end customers online. at the best possible prices. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Another business model gaining attracting in India recently is the online marketplace. model which enables the states essays vidal, buyers get in to write about in college admissions, touch with the sellers and makes a transaction. In this business model, the website owners do not buy the product from the sellers but. act as mediators to facilitate the entire e-commerce transaction. They do assist the.
sellers in united essays vidal, various services like payment collection, logistics, etc. but do not prefer to. hold inventory in their own warehouse. 1) C2C Marketplace. A C2C Marketplace or a Consumer to Consumer marketplace means an online. marketplace where individual consumers can sell products to individual buyers. As a seller, even if you do not run a business, you are free to sell your product. through such marketplace to the end customers. 2) B2C Marketplace. A B2C Marketplace or a Business to Consumer marketplace means an online.
marketplace where only business owners can sell their products to the end. customer. The process is more or less the same like that of a C2C Marketplace. with the exception that it does not allow individual users to sell their products. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. online. Best example of this kind of a website would be SnapDeal.com which has. now become a B2C Marketplace. 3) B2B Marketplace. In a Business-to-Business E-commerce environment, companies sell their online. goods to other companies without being engaged in sales to consumers.
B2B web. shop usually contains customer-specific pricing, customer-specific assortments and. customer-specific discounts. Indiamart.com and TATA groups tatab2b.com are few. popular sites in in the workplace, India.
A Study on states vidal, Indian E-Commerce Industry. Exclusive Brand Stores. This is the latest business model of its kind recently started in India. In this business. model, the various brands setup their own exclusive brand stores online to enable. consumers buy directly from the brand. A few examples of writing exercises brands operating through.
an Exclusive Online Brand Store are Lenovo, Canon, Timex, Sennheiser, HP, Samsung, Mobilestore.com etc. 1.3 Role of Internet in E-Commerce. Large and small business companies both use internets for promotional activities. Some of. the advantages of states gore vidal E-Commerce are:- 1. Youtube? Availability- The availability of internet is widespread these days and hence is united gore easily. accessible to people which has increased the online purchases of on women goods and. 2. Open to All- Internet open page allows everyone to access and transact from any. global location.
Moreover it provides an extension of essays vidal product choice to the customers. which in turn is not possible at local retail stores, etc . A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 3. Global Presence- Having a global presence it is very easy to access from any world. location just by having a laptop and an internet connection. What To Write About? All such happenings have. encouraged E-Commerce as any commodity is just a step away from oneself. 4. Professional Transaction- Internet allows professional transaction with just one click a. professionalism that consists of decision making. 5. States Gore Vidal? Low Cost, More Earn- E-commerce can be easily done with more earnings and less.
expenses. The easiest approach is to replace sales person with a well informative and. designed web page that could easily help the customers to have their like items at. their doorsteps with a click of resume video a mouse. 1.4 Changes due to online shopping in India. According to report BCG (Boston consultancy Group), by essays gore vidal 2016, Indian economy will reach. $10.8 trillion. In global chart India’s rank is 8th. India ranks top in services and china occupies. top position in goods in terms of papers export through internet. As of now, June 2014, India has.
user base of about 250.2 million. States? It is estimated that by 2024-26, e-commerce market in India. will be $260 billion. At an Exponential rate, E-commerce is in the growing in India. According to recent online retailing.
report by Forrester, twenty eight percentage of growth is experienced by every retailer year. after year in united vidal, 2012. As per the study digital consumers spend alomostaround$1.46 billion on. cyber cafes. This indicated that year after year there will be increasing number of online. users. Consumer behaviour is one of the biggest reasons of e-commerce boom in India. Major reasons for online shopping growth in India. ‘ There is increase in broadband connection and 3G penetration in India. ‘ Much wider range of essays workplace products are available then what is available in brick and states, mortar.
‘ Living standard is rising for middle class people and disposal income is also getting. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ‘ Online products are usually available at discount which is less than the products. available in normal shops. ‘ Lack of time and busy lifestyle for offline shopping.
‘ Evolution of the online marketplace model with websites like ebay, flipkart, snapdeal. ‘ Takes less time for taekwondo black belt purchasing as there is essays gore no need to stand in the queues which usually. done in offline shopping. 1.5 Advantages of E-Commerce. ‘ With E-Commerce as an alternative shopping is no longer a barrier for the customers. in terms of time, distance and place as customers can shop at in the workplace any time and from.
anywhere they prefer to. ‘ E-Commerce has satisfied and provides certified branded products to the customers. that even typical Indian customers are ready to buy products such as clothes, shoes, etc. without even touching or trying them for fitness. ‘ All extra expenditures that were initially done on labour, etc are avoided and essays, a lot of. funds get saved.
‘ Shopping through web is the most feasible options for metro city residents. ‘ Transaction time has reduced. ‘ Alternative products offered by different brands are also availed to the customers if by. chance the current product in a particular brand is unavailable. ‘ 1-Day delivery along with door-door delivery has caught a boom in creative for young, the market with. the evolution of E-Commerce.
1.6 Disadvantages of E-Commerce. ‘ Unprofessionalism has increased as any company gets a chance to make their business. portal out of trust or belief. ‘ Customer interaction is very less so the product quality and satisfaction to the. customer remains a matter for concern. ‘ Hackers and crackers are day in and day out searching for a chance to hack into. customer personal details that they share at the time of states essays online payments. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ‘ E-commerce go discouraging for the purchasing of precious items just by having a. glance of them rather than getting a chance to wear them or check product quality. such as jewellery etc.
‘ E-commerce concept is under a mess as many online sites do not deliver services as. promised at the time of placing the order. ‘ Authenticity for the product is untrustworthy. 1.7 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY. ‘ To study the global and Indian scenario with respect to the E-commerce Industry.
‘ To study the structure of the Indian E-commerce industry. ‘ To study the macro environmental factors affecting the Indian E-commerce industry. ‘ To analyze the taekwondo black belt thesis, industry using Porters 5 Forces. ‘ To study the performance of major players in the industry. ‘ To compare the U.S and Indian E-commerce industry. ‘ To study the future opportunities and prospective growth in the industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. GLOBAL AND INDIAN.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.1 Status of the global e-commerce industry. Middle class in essays gore, many of the developing countries, including India, is rapidly embracing. online shopping. However, India falls behind not only US, China and Australia in terms of.
Internet density, but also countries like Sri Lanka and Pakistan. Sri Lanka has an taekwondo black belt thesis internet. penetration of 15 percent. United States Essays Gore? Better internet connectivity and the presence of an internet-savvy. customer segment have led to what to write about admissions essays growth of e-commerce in Sri Lanka with an existing market. size of USD 2 billion. Pakistan, with an internet penetration of gore 15 percent has an existing. market size of consumer e-commerce of USD 4 billion. Incidentally FDI in inventory-based. consumer ecommerce is research allowed in both these countries. (IAMAI-KPMG report, September. A.T.
Kearney’s 2012 E-Commerce Index examined the top 30 countries in united essays vidal, the 2012 Global. Retail Development Index’ (GRDI). Using 18 infrastructure, regulatory, and retail-specific. variables, the Index ranks the top 10 countries by creative writing their e-commerce potential. Following are some other major findings of the Index: i) China occupies first place in states essays vidal, the Index. The G8 countries (Japan, United States, United. Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada, Russia, and Italy) all fall within the Top 15. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ii) Developing countries feature prominently in the Index. Developing countries hold 10 of.
the 30 spots, including first-placed China. Developmental Biology Research Papers? These markets have been able to shortcut the. traditional online retail maturity curve as online retail grows at united essays vidal the same time that physical. retail becomes more organized. Consumers in these markets are fast adopting behaviors. similar to to write about in college those in more developed countries. iii) Several “small gems” are making an impact. The rankings include 10 countries with.
populations of less than 10 million, including Singapore, Hong Kong, Slovakia, New. Zealand, Finland, United Arab Emirates, Norway, Ireland, Denmark, and Switzerland. United States Gore? These. countries have active online consumers and sufficient infrastructure to support online retail. iv) India is not ranked. India, the world’s second most populous country at 1.2 billion, does. not make the essays, Top 30, because of low internet penetration (11 percent) and poor financial and. logistical infrastructure compared to essays other countries.
It is seen that countries making in the top list of the youtube video, table of e-commerce have required. technologies coupled with higher internet density, high class infrastructure and suitable. regulatory framework. India needs to essays gore work on these areas to realize true potential of ecommerce. business in the country.
2.2 Comparison of creative writing exercises E-Commerce in US and India. The Indian e-commerce market will reach as high as USD 6 Billion by the year 2015. This. implies that if we compare the e-commerce market with the statistics from the year 2014, there is a substantial growth of 70%. It is evident that India is slowly becoming like the states essays vidal, US in. the area of taekwondo black e-commerce. It is stated that India has started doing well in united states gore, the market of e-commerce because of the. growing number of people who have access to about in college admissions mobile Internet. Broadband usage has. increased by about three times in united states essays gore, the last two years (2013 #038; 2014). A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
2.2.1 Cash on descrimination, Delivery (COD) system in gore, India. Cash on Delivery is an Indian thing. US consumers mainly transact online using Credit Cards. or through PayPal. Indians are known to be price sensitive. What To Write About In College Essays? Even though with heavy. discounting e-retailers are trying to united states essays vidal lure them to buy online, consumers are still wary of.
making prepaid orders. The situation is descrimination different in US. United States Essays? Even though the discounting games continue, users generally. go with prepayment. This is also because the penetration of credit cards and electronic. payments is highly evolved in that market, while in India, despite the estimated 1.252 billion. strong population of India, only what to write admissions, 18.8 million credit cards existed in the country, with.
approximately 331 million debit cards till last year. The popularity of CoD is directly. dependent on the trust issues consumers have on the online retailers. 2.2.2 Offers and excitement created among customers. The trend of states gore mega online shopping festivals started in the West. From offline trends of. Macy’s Day parade and Black Friday to taking these festivals online, and creating further.
new trends like Cyber Monday. India is still naive, even the three editions of the essays on women in the workplace, Great Online Shopping Festival have not. been able to make the impact they were expected to. The festive season of Diwali is a time. when Indians indulge in spending, and while the states essays gore vidal, Indian retailers were busy creating their. respective versions of ‘mega sales’, US based Amazon was the first to step on this. opportunity with ‘Diwali Dhamaka Sale’. Also, the consumer shopping behaviour is different. in the essays workplace, two countries.
The Indian online retails brings up offers and excitement into the consumers, but it is not big. like how it is in US. A Study on united essays vidal, Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.2.3 Type of Product that People Buy Online. Nowadays people buying real estate and even automobiles online even in India is becoming. common.
But in general, Apparel and electronics remain the resume youtube video, most popular categories people. buy online, and the same is seen in the US as well. These two categories dominate both the. An area where India is lacking is online grocery retail. Grocery retail and logistics is highly. evolved in essays vidal, US.
In India, it was a taboo, and wasn’t touched for for young a long time even though the. sentiment was strong. Players are emerging now in this segment, with start-up’s like. BigBasket, LocalBanya etc. and mature players like Reliance Fresh taking the lead. The local Indian ‘banya’ is still stronger than online stores.
The unorganised retail in India is. an area where the e-commerce would be able make a difference and eventually take over. 2.2.4 Logistics and Regulations. The logistics infrastructure is states gore still not up to black belt thesis the mark in India. Gore Vidal? While India Post is doing a. great job in helping the to write admissions essays, e-commerce players, no dedicated e-commerce company has been. able to scale up its operations to reach all the postal codes. The penetration of united states essays vidal internet in.
India is 18% as against essays, 87% in US, is a big hindrance. When it comes to technology, site crashes, issues in ERP systems etc. are commonly heard. things in united, India. Resume Youtube? Whereas in US, the technology is essays gore vidal very strong. The Government bodies in India haven’t yet matured to the online businesses that are. operational. Resume Youtube Video? There hasn’t been any clear guidelines for FDI until recently, even there the.
Government has decided to treat both online and offline retail alike. Some of the other online. marketplace keeps running into warehousing policy issues. The heavy discounting is another. questionable area, since the Government has clear guidelines for Maximum Retail Price, there is no lower bar set. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. STRUCTURE OF THE. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 3.1 HERFINDAHL – HIRSCHMAN INDEX. A commonly accepted measure of market concentration.
It is calculated by squaring the. market share of each firm competing in a market, and then summing the resulting numbers. The HHI number can range from close to zero to 10,000. The HHI is expressed as: HHI = S1^2 + S2^2 + S3^2 + … + Sn^2 (where Sn is the market. share of the Ith firm) the closer a market is to united essays gore vidal being a monopoly, the papers, higher the market’s. concentration (and the lower its competition).
For the e-commerce industry, the HHI, based on the market share is calculated as follows. Company Sales(in cr) market. Flipkart 2846.13 53.89683186 2904.868484. Jabong 202 3.82525044 14.63254093. Myntra 441.58 8.362148958 69.92553519. Snapdeal 830 15.7176132 247.0433646. Amazon 168.99 3.20014392 10.24092111. Ebay 107 2.02624652 4.105674961. naptol 460 8.710966349 75.88093474. Yebhi 120 2.272426004 5.163919944. Yepme 80 1.514950669 2.295075531.
bewakoof 25 0.473422084 0.22412847. total sales 5280.7 100 3334.38058. The HHI can have a theoretical value ranging from close to zero to 10,000. States Gore Vidal? If there exists. only a single market participant which has 100% of the market share the papers, HHI would be. 10,000. If there were a great number of market participants with each company having a. market share of vidal almost 0% then the HHI could be close to zero. ‘ When the HHI value is less than 100, the market is highly competitive. ‘ When the exercises, HHI value is between 100 and 1000, the market is said to be not concentrated.
‘ When the HHI value is between 1000 and 1800, the market is said to be moderately. ‘ When the HHI value is above 1800, the united states essays, market is youtube video said to states be highly concentrated. So the HERFINDAHL – HIRSCHMAN INDEX of the E-commerce industry is greater than. 1800. Hence it is highly concentrated. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 4.1 PORTER’S FIVE FORCE ANALYSIS. The huge competition in the e commerce market allows to win as companies have to. keep their prices in check to thesis attract buyers. Customer can choose from a wide range of offline as well as online players. Customers can always buy from some other website or some other store in case they.
are not satisfied with any one player. Buyers in this industry are customers who purchase products online. Since this. industry is flooded with so many players, buyers are having lot of options to choose. Switching costs are also less for customers since they can easily switch a service. from one online retail company to other one.
Same products will be displayed in. several online retail websites. So, product differentiation is almost low. So, all these. factors make customers to possess more power when compared to united states essays online retail.
Also the E-commerce aggregators sites makes it transparent to the consumer to see which. site offers the product in the least price. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 4.1.1 Bargaining Power of Buyers. The huge competition in resume, the e commerce market allows to win as companies have to. keep their prices in check to attract buyers. Customer can choose from a wide range of offline as well as online players. Customers can always buy from some other website or some other store in case they. are not satisfied with any one player. Buyers in states essays vidal, this industry are customers who purchase products online.
Since this. industry is flooded with so many players, buyers are having lot of descrimination options to choose. Switching costs are also less for customers since they can easily switch a service. from one online retail company to other one. Same products will be displayed in. several online retail websites. So, product differentiation is almost low. So, all these. factors make customers to possess more power when compared to online retail. Also the E-commerce aggregators sites makes it transparent to the consumer to see which.
site offers the product in the least price. 4.1.2 Bargaining Power of states vidal suppliers. Tens of millions of sellers list their products on ecommerce marketplaces; hence. their individual bargaining power is limited. However, sellers can also list their products on multiple platforms and sites, including Amazon, Etsy.com and youtube video, various international e-commerce sites. Hence, if. eBay introduces policy and united states essays gore, pricing changes that are unsatisfactory to sellers, then it.
could result in lower number of product listings on its marketplace. There are relatively fewer number of postal and descrimination, delivery services as well as. shipping carriers; hence any pricing change or disruption in their services could. hamper eBay’s ability to deliver products on time. Hence, these carriers hold some. A Study on states, Indian E-Commerce Industry. The sources that generate traffic on ecommerce site can also be classified as. suppliers.
Search engines hold significant leverage as they account for over 20% of. traffic on eBay if we account for on women in the both organic and paid search (according to Similar. Web estimates). Changes in Google SEO (search engine algorithm) have a negative. impact on traffic. eBay’ seller marketplace model leads to large amounts of. unstructured data on the site, which is detrimental to its SEO efforts. Additionally, several referring sites such as slickdeals.net, dealnews.com and social. networks also bring considerable traffic to ecommerce and any changes in their. policies could adversely affect the company’s top-line and profitability.
In this industry, suppliers are the manufacturers of finished products like Nike, Dell, Apple etc. Online retail companies sell various products ranging from united states gore books to. computer accessories to apparels to footwear. Since there are many suppliers for any. particular category, they can’t show power on online retail companies. For example, if you take computers category, there are many suppliers like Dell, Apple, Lenovo, and Toshiba who wants to developmental sell their products through these online retail companies. So, they won’t be having power to control the online retail companies. Online. customers can select the products on their own and the switching costs in this case is. zero.
It is very difficult for manufacturers of finished products to come into this. industry because of challenges in Logistics. Online retail industry is important to. suppliers because it acts as one of the channel to sell the products. United States Essays Vidal? Now, with most. of the customers in India purchasing online through online retail companies, they. can’t afford to lose this channel. So, they can’t dictate terms with online retail.
companies. So, in this industry the supplier power is low. 4.1.3 Competitive Rivalry within the Industry. E-commerce faces competition in its marketplaces segment from both offline and online. players. Customers can buy products from a wide range of retailers, distributors, auctioneers, directories, search engines, etc and hence the competition is intense. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Various factors such as price, product selection and services influence the on women, purchasing. decision of customers. E-commerce companies frequently engage in price-based. competition to woo buyers, which limits their ability to raise prices.
In the payments business, there is competition from united states essays sources such as credit and. debit cards, bank wires, other online payment services as well as offline payment. mechanisms including cash, check, money order or mobile phones. Considering the descrimination, entry of united vidal newer players such as Apple Pay and Alibaba, the. competition is expected to essay heighten in the online payments space. Competition is very high in this industry with so many players like Flip kart,
Myntra, Jabong, Snap deal, Amazon, India plaza, Homeshop18 etc. 4.1.4 Threat of united essays gore New Entrants. Given the nature of the to write about admissions essays, business, there is always a threat of new entrants as it is. relatively less costly to enter the market and setup operations. There is no additional.
cost incurred to set up any physical stores and locations. In addition, traditional. established physical stores can easily move into online retailing and bring with them. their substantial consumer base. Gore? These stores such as Target or Wal-Mart, already enjoy. economies of scale, have recognizable brands and a strong supply chain. So they do.
pose strong competition to Amazon. That said, the threat from brand new entrants remains low as it would be nearly. impossible for a new company to resume match the united essays vidal, cost advantages, economies of scale and. variety of offering as Amazon.com. Developmental Biology Research Papers? These advantages will deter most brand new. entrants to the market. Substantial Economies of Scale. Ecommerce like Amazon works with over 10,000 vendors and boasts an united essays vidal impressive 75.
percent repeat purchasers. Its market capitalization is substantially ahead of its nearest. A Study on creative exercises for young adults, Indian E-Commerce Industry. First Mover Advantage. As the pioneer online retailer, Amazon , flip kart has the necessary brand awareness and. credibility as a strong reliable presence in the market. Massive product Variety. Way beyond a bookstore now, Amazon.com , Flipkart provides any type of product. there is in its online stores. This means that there is a strong supplier base relationship.
that cannot be replicated. In addition, as a bookseller and a provider of other. entertainment channels such as movies, videos and music, ecommerce has established. relationships with publishers, producers, movie studies and music producers which are. not easy to form and replicate. The e-commerce market is characterized by low barriers to united states vidal entry. It is on women workplace relatively easy. for newer players to united states vidal enter the market and taekwondo black thesis, start selling products. Having said that, it’s.
difficult for newer players to united states gore gain brand recognition and attain high ranking on taekwondo, search. Newer players require significant marketing budgets to compete on a large scale and. this restricts entry of united states newer players to an extent. The online payments market has relatively higher barriers to entry as there is intense. competition between established players; additionally, security is a paramount during. online payments and hence newer players which do not have the necessary brand. recognition will find it difficult to attract new customers. However, established players such as Apple, Amazon and Alibaba have the potential. to make a dent in what to write in college essays, PayPal’s strong market position. ‘ Indian government is going to allow 51% FDI in multi-brand online retail and.
100% FDI in single brand online retail sooner or later. So, this means foreign. companies can come and start their own online retail companies. ‘ There are very less barriers to entry like less amount of money required to start a. business, less amount of infrastructure required to start business. All you need is.
to tie up with suppliers of united states vidal products and you need to develop a website to display. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. products so that customers can order products, and youtube video, a tie up with online payment. gateway provider like bill desk. ‘ Industry is also going to grow at a rapid rate. It is going to touch 76 billion $ by. 2021. States? Industry is going to experience an exponential growth rate.
So, obviously no. one wants to to write about in college admissions essays miss this big opportunity. 4.1.5 Threat of substitute products. The threat of states gore vidal substitutes for taekwondo belt thesis ecommerce is high. The unique characteristic Amazon has is. the patented technology (such as 1-Click Ordering), which differentiates them from other.
possible substitutes. United Vidal? However, there are many alternatives providing the same products. and services, which could reduce Amazon’s competitive advantage. Black Belt? Therefore, Amazon. does not have absolute competitive advantage on their product offerings, but they. definitely have the advantage when it comes to the quality of customer service and. There is no technology that can substitute the Internet so far in united gore, the market. Even, analog. signal that use to send the television signal or radio signal are not the main threat. The main substitute that exists is the brick and motor store, which they change or move.
their place to be on the Internet. Therefore, the e-commerce industry has low threat of. substitutions. When we compare relative quality, relative price of product that he/she. buys online with physical store, both are almost same and in essays on women in the workplace, some cases, online discounts. will be available which makes customers to buy products online. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Porters 5 Force Model of united states essays E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. This industry analysis, also known as the taekwondo, macro environmental analysis is basically done to.
determine the conditions in which the industry is operating in. The analysis of vidal these factors. becomes very important for a company operating in that particular industry for the growth. 5.1 POLITICAL AND LEGAL FACTORS: E-commerce has introduced many changes in video, the Indian consumers and customers. States Gore? However, e-commerce in India has also given rise to many disputes by the consumers purchasing the. products from e-commerce websites. In fact, many e-commerce websites are not following. Indian laws at all and they are also not very fair while dealing with their consumers. Allegations of predatory pricing, tax avoidance, anti competitive practices, etc have been.
levelled against big e-commerce players of India. As a result, disputes are common in India. that is not satisfactorily redressed. This reduces the confidence in the e-commerce segment. and the unsatisfied consumers have little choice against in the workplace, the big e-commerce players. At a. time when we are moving towards global norms for states gore vidal e-commerce business activities, the. present e-commerce environment of adults India needs fine tuning and essays, regulatory scrutiny. In fact,
India is for young exploring the possibility of gore regulation of e-commerce through either Telecom. Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) or through different Ministries/Departments of Central. Government in a collective manner. It is obvious that e-commerce related issues are not easy to developmental research papers manage. E-commerce disputes. resolution is even more difficult and challenging especially when Indian Courts are already. overburdened with court cases.
Of course, establishment of e-courts in India and use of online. dispute resolution (ODR) in India are very viable and convincing options before the Indian. Many Indian stakeholders have raised objections about the way e-commerce websites are. operating in India. Essays Gore? These websites are providing deep discounts that have been labeled as.
predatory by offline traders and businesses. Further, Myntra, Flipkart, Amazon, Uber, etc. have already been questioned by the regulatory authorities of India for violating Indian laws. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.1.1 NEED FOR HUMORIZED TAXATION LAWS: Laws regulating ecommerce in essay, India are still evolving and states essays vidal, lack clarity. Youtube? Favorable regulatory. environment would be key towards unleashing the potential of ecommerce and help in. efficiency in operations, creation of jobs, growth of the industry, and investments in united states essays gore, back-end. infrastructure. Furthermore, the interpretation of intricate tax norms and complex inter-state.
taxation rules make ecommerce operations difficult to manage and to stay compliant to the. laws. With the wide variety of audience the ecommerce companies cater to, compliance. becomes a serious concern. Companies will need to essays have strong anti-corruption programs for. sourcing and vendor management, as well as robust compliance frameworks. It is important. for the E-Commerce companies to keep a check at every stage and adhere to the relevant.
laws, so as to avoid fines.Myntra, Flipkart and united states essays vidal, many more e-commerce websites are under. regulatory scanner of Enforcement Directorate (ED) of India for violating Indian laws and. policies. There are no taxation laws for these websites so the products are being sold at to write in college admissions essays huge. discounts in these sites. Some of the major causes not keeping taxation laws over ecommerce. are that the united essays, government is not having proper knowledge about the structure of. industry and the limitations that has to be given to papers the e commerce industry and what are the. rights that should be given to them for selling the states vidal, product Security of the information. provided during the online transaction is a major concern.
Under section 43A of the I T Act. the ‘Reasonable practices and procedures and sensitive personal data or information Rules, 2011’ have been proposed, which provide a framework for the protection of data in India. A Study on to write in college essays, Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.2 ECONOMIC FACTORS: Mass usage of internet: The usage of internet is increasing rapidly in INDIA, it is said that India is said to be the 3rd. largest internet population country after USA and CHINA. Current India internet users are. 205 millions .The total no of users are expected to be 330-370 millions in just 3 years. The.
internet usage in cities has been increased rapidly. Increased aspiration levels and availability. The aspiration of the Indian youth and united states essays gore, middle class while the coming year will be even more. promising both for the consumer as also the writing exercises, entrepreneurs, with average annual spending on. online purchases projected to increase by 67 per cent to Rs 10,000 from Rs 6,000 per person. In 2014, about 40 million consumers purchased something online and number is expected to.
grow to 65 million by 2015 with better infrastructure in terms of logistics, broadband and. Internet ready devices will be fuelling the demand in ecommerce. The smart phones and. tablet shoppers will be strong growth divers, mobile already accounts for 11% of e commerce. sales, and its share will jump to 25% by 2017. States Vidal? Computer and taekwondo black, consumer’s electronics as well. eral and accessories account for the bulk of India retail ecommerce sales will contribute 42%
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Liberal policies (FDI in Retail and Insurance) The E-commerce Association of India (ECAI) is looking for gore a positive response from the. government on critical reforms like permitting FDI for the B2C inventory led model. Video? This has. been industry’s demand for a long-time, especially as many small and medium sized. ecommerce players face obstacles on united states gore, easy access to capital and technology. Essays Workplace? The industry has.
been hoping that the government would at essays gore least review a partial opening of the sector to FDI. In 2015 budget the FDI has been increased to 51 %. So there is a positive response from the. international e commerce industry that is trying to creative enter into India. United States Essays Gore? Even allibaba.com is descrimination essay also. trying to enter into India with the united gore, help of snapdeal.com.
But on descrimination, the other side the small e. commerce companies are finding it difficult because may face difficulty in essays vidal, the future when. the MNC e commerce companies enter India. Supply chain and the productivity growth. The most important impact of ecommerce is research maintained supply chain and the productivity of. the products. The buying and selling of goods’continues to undergo changes that will have a. profound impact on states essays, the way companies manage their supply chains. Descrimination Essay? Simply put, e-commerce. has altered the practice, timing, and technology of business-to-business and business-toconsumer. commerce. It has affected pricing, product availability, transportation patterns, and. consumer behavior in united, developed economy in India.
Business-to-business electronic. commerce accounts for the vast majority of total e-commerce sales and plays a leading role in. supply chain network. Papers? In 2014, approximately 21 percent of united essays manufacturing sales and 14.6. percent of wholesales are done in resume youtube, India. A Study on united states, Indian E-Commerce Industry.
From the moment the online order is placed to in the when it is picked, packed, and shipped, every. step in the process must be handled efficiently, consistently, and cost-effectively. In ecommerce, the distribution center provides much of the united states essays vidal, customer experience. Simply. delivering the descrimination, goods is no longer an united states essays gore adequate mission for the fulfillment center’customer. satisfaction has to be a critical priority. The typical e-commerce consumer expects a wide. selection of on women in the SKU offerings, mobile-site ordering capability, order accuracy, fast and free. delivery, and states gore, free returns.
Understanding how online consumers shop and resume youtube video, purchase across. channels is critical to the success of online fulfillment. States? More consumers are browsing the. Internet for features and selection, testing products at brick-and-mortar stores, acquiring. discounts through social media, and then purchasing the product online through the. convenience of about admissions their mobile device. Some retailers,’including those that also sell through.
catalogs’have been in the direct-to-consumer marketplace for some time. These companies. have fulfillment facilities established and information technologies in place to united states vidal manage orders. with speed and efficiency, doing it well and profitably. But to many distribution executives, online fulfillment poses a significant challenge to their existing knowledge, experience, and. 5.3 SOCIAL FACTORS: A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
Better comfort level and trust in online shopping: ‘ Consumers feel easy to essays workplace access the ecommerce sites 24?7 support. Customer can do. transactions for the product or enquiry about any product/services provided by a company. anytime, anywhere from any location. Here 24?7 refers to 24 hours of each seven days of a. ‘ E-Commerce application provides user more options and quicker delivery of products. ‘ E-Commerce application provides user more options to united states gore vidal compare and select the cheaper and. ‘ A customer can put review comments about what to write in college admissions, a product and united, can see what others are buying or. see the review comments of thesis other customers before making a final buy.
‘ E-Commerce provides option of virtual auctions. ‘ Readily available information. A customer can see the relevant detailed information within. seconds rather than waiting for days or weeks. Advantages to united states essays vidal the society: ‘ Customers need not to black belt travel to vidal shop a product thus less traffic on creative writing exercises, road and united states essays gore, low air pollution. ‘ E-Commerce helps reducing cost of products so less affluent people can also afford the.
‘ E-Commerce has enabled access to services and products to rural areas as well which are. otherwise not available to them. ‘ E-Commerce helps government to deliver public services like health care, education, social. services at reduced cost and in improved way. ‘ E-Commerce increases competition among the organizations and as result organizations. provides substantial discounts to customers. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.4 Technological factors: Cloud computing in e commerce:
According to analysts, within 10 years’ time 80% of on women all computer usage worldwide, data. storage and essays vidal, e-commerce will be in the cloud. It is called the third phase of the taekwondo black thesis, internet. During the first phase software and operating systems were combined to united gore create a simple flow. of communication through ‘ for instance ‘ email. The second phase brought the user to the. World Wide Web, where he had access to millions of websites. This increased internet usage. by a factor of one hundred in only 2 years’ time. In the what about admissions, third phase everything is in the cloud, both data and software.
There are several types of cloud computing, of essays which Software-as-a-Service is probably the. best-known. Taekwondo Black Belt Thesis? The others are Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure-as-a-Service. The ability to lower costs, accelerate deployments and respond quickly. to market opportunities and challenges are just a few reasons why so many IT leaders are. leveraging cloud based e commerce applications. Given the variety of solutions, IT leaders. must research their options carefully in order to select the one that best meets their needs. Following are the top four impacts of cloud computing on e-commerce applications and. steps IT leaders should take during their evaluation process.
It’s easy for business leaders to focus on gore, the benefits of cloud computing without considering. the time and effort involved in implementing a viable solution. However, whatever cloud. computing solution they select, the application will need access to customer data, product. data, fulfilment systems and other operational systems in order to support e-commerce. Cue. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
Consumerization of the online customer experience requires closer scrutiny. While many B2C companies use e-commerce platforms for direct sales, B2B organizations. are also leveraging them to add transactional capabilities to their informational sites. In. addition, the online experience is becoming more ‘consumerized,’ meaning that B2B buyers. expect a retail-like customer experience ‘ even when visiting non-retail sites. Cloud solution. providers (CSPs) that focus solely on creating retail models are often not well-versed in B2B. requirements which can be more complex. As a result, their offerings don’t include B2B. functions, such as easy entry of large orders and repeat orders, segmented product catalogues.
that are based on black belt thesis, a client hierarchy and buying privileges, configure price quote capabilities. and extended payment terms. IT leaders have an unprecedented number of CSPs from which. to choose. However, they need to states essays vidal carefully evaluate ones that have experience meeting their. industry-specific needs, whether it’s B2B, B2C, or a combination of both. Usage of bandwidth for biology research E-commerce:
Transmission capacity of states essays gore vidal a communication channel is writing exercises a major barrier for products that. require more graphical and video data. For this e commerce companies need higher. bandwidth than usual. These all depend on the no of the customers visiting websites, the. type of the products the e commerce industry is selling and the location at which the online. users are mostly visiting the united essays, website. Taekwondo Black Belt Thesis? These all are some of the factors that affect the usage. of bandwidth.
Web processing is also some of the united essays vidal, key factors that make e commerce. industry to run. Another key factor is: High cost of developing, purchasing new software, licensing of software, integration into existing systems, costly e business solutions for. Benefits of using cloud computing over research, E-commerce: ‘ Trust. Cloud computing enables online store owners to use the same platform and united essays gore, use.
the same functionality. That means that new features can be made available to. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. everyone with a simple modification. Moreover, the maintenance is taken care of. centrally, which means that store owners can rely on a stable platform. ‘ Cost saving.
In many cases this is the most important reason for companies to choose. cloud computing. Since companies do not need to purchase hardware or bandwidth, costs can be decreased by 80%. ‘ Speed. A company can activate an ecommerce application five times faster and sell.
directly through a platform that is managed remotely. ‘ Scalability. Cloud computing makes a company more elastic and able to respond to. seasonal changes or sudden increases in demand due to special promotions. ‘ Security. Many cloud computing suppliers have been certified so more security can be. guaranteed to customers. ‘ Data exchange. The explosive growth of cloud ecommerce will lead to more data. exchange between the clouds.
Suppliers will offer more and more possibilities to add. features to black belt thesis their clouds for users, partners and others. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 6. FIRMS UNDER STUDY. Four key metrics have been used to evaluate the performance of. E-Retailers in India. 2. Subscriber Growth Rate. 3. Average Order Size: 4. Percentage of Mobile Visits.
6.1 Gross Margin (Financial year 2013-2014) Online shopping in states gore, India is growing at a very fast clip. At the essays in the, same time, there is an united essays gore intense. competition in resume youtube video, ecommerce space, especially among the top 3 players. There is states essays gore vidal aggressive. pricing and discounts are being paid by Venture Capitalists’ pockets. Flipkart, Amazon and Snapdeal, all of them have raised investments or have commitments of.
$1 Billion or more. This money is being burned to acquire new customers, offer discounts. and pump up products on offers. At the essays on women workplace, same time these sites are losing money, the quantum. of loss these ecommerce players have incurred for every Rupee spent is states gore displayed in the.
A Study on youtube, Indian E-Commerce Industry. The revenue figures above are not the price of products sold (GMV), as these are all. marketplaces, and their revenues come from commissions they get from sellers or listing fees. that they charge to list the products on united states gore, their site. GMV or Gross Merchandize Value represents the price of products sold and net revenues are. just a fraction of that. Flipkart leads the race with net revenue of 179 crore followed by Amazon at 168.9 crore and.
Snapdeal at taekwondo thesis 154.11 crore. However, when it comes to united states gore losses, Flipkart leads by a much bigger margin and their loss for. 2013-14 stands at Rs. 400 Crore. About Admissions Essays? Comparatively, Amazon losses are pegged at Rs. 321.3.
crore and Snapdeal had least losses of 3 with 264.6 crore. The figure below shows the loss each player incurs for every rupee in net revenues. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Flipkart leads the united states essays gore, race to losing 2.23 rupees for every 1 rupee of revenue. Amazon loses 1.90. and Snapdeal has least amount of developmental biology papers losses at Rs.
1.72. This cannot be judged as a low performance by the players as after a certain time when they. gain major part of vidal market. Every product they sell would be a profit for them. 6.2 Subscriber Growth Rate. Flipkart was founded in the year 2007. By the end of year 2013 they have acquired 22. million registered users and handles 5 million shipments every month while Snapdeal was.
founded in the year 2010 and has 20 million registered users by the end of year 2013. Snapdeal has acquired customers in a quicker pace when compared to Flipkart, but this. cannot be considered to be low performance shown by Flipkart, because when they founded. e- retail in India, the belt, people were not much familiar to e-commerce and online purchasing at. 6.3 Average ordering size of Flipkart for Financial year 2011-2012. Flipkart, has hit a milestone clocking Rs 100 crore in gross merchandise value shipped in a. month for united essays vidal the first time in June 2012. On Women? The jump is from an average of united states essays gore vidal around Rs 42 crore. financial year 2010-2011. Flipkart had clocked Rs 500 crore for the 12 months ended March.
In the about in college, year 2012 the number of daily orders has hit 25,000 mark (or seventeen orders per. minute), a five-fold rise after the company clocked 5,000 orders a day for states essays vidal the first time in. May 2011. Flipkart first clocked 1,000 orders a day in March 2010. Average order size= Total Revenue/Number of Orders. =Rs.5000000000 / 25,000 x 365. A Study on descrimination essay, Indian E-Commerce Industry. 6.4 Percentage of Mobile Visits. Mobile is now one of our most strategic channels for states essays gore driving revenue and customer acquisition. The eretailers.
are investing to build strong technology and marketing platforms that will allow them to. accelerate their growth on mobile. Shopping online through smartphones is expected to be a game changer shortly. In the year 2014. there were nearly 123 million smartphone users in India. Developmental Papers? Affordability of smartphones is. leading to the growth in mobile Internet users, hence generating fresh consumer base for the.
online players. Mobile Internet users in India are estimated to be 120 million compared to 100 million. users using Internet on their personal computers. 60 percent of Snapdeals orders are coming over mobile in the end of year 2014. It is growing really fast. They get more traffic from the mobile than they get from personal computers. Flipkart a year ago, less than 10 percent of their orders, transactions and visits used to states essays come from mobile. Now those numbers are greater than 50 percent for them.
It is accelerating at papers a very rapid pace. Flipkart. is seeing more than 2 times or 3 times growth from the mobile front compared to desktop, where Flipkart is growing overall but mobile is growing at a much faster pace. A Study on united essays vidal, Indian E-Commerce Industry. 6.5 Top 10 Indian E-Commerce Sites Traffic Comparison. Stats have been taken for creative for young adults month of April 2014.
Flipkart topped the charts with over 62 million visits in the month of April with Myntra. coming shade lower at united 59.5 million. Given that both of them have now come together, purely. based on the traffic, they clock more traffic than the rest 8 players combined. While we expected either Amazon or Snapdeal to grab the 3rd place in terms of traffic, Jabong took the biology research papers, bronze position with 42.5 million visitors followed by Snapdeal (31.4. Amazon.in clocked a respectable 27.6 million visits in month of April (Remember, they have. not even completed a year since launch as yet). Also, if you combine Junglee, which is.
owned by Amazon, their traffic bulges to close to 40 million visits. Infibeam and Tradus both have not been doing too well in terms of traffic. They clocked 3.4. million #038; 3 million respectively. Also, according to united similar web, their traffic has been. steadily dropping over last 6 months. Both of them had close to 5 million visits at taekwondo black thesis the start of. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Stats have been taken for month of April 2014. When it came to user engagement, Flipkart again reigned supreme with each visitor spending. an average of essays gore vidal 8:35 minutes per visit.
Ebay also had very high levels of engagement with 8:15. mins followed by Snapdeal (7:49 mins). Myntra had surprisingly low (in fact lowest of all) visitor time spent at taekwondo belt 3:04 minutes. Junglee. and Jabong were other two sites who had low visitor time spent.
Given that Flipkart had highest time spent by states essays gore vidal visitors, they also got the descrimination, maximum pageviews. per visitor (8.53) followed by Ebay (8.04). Surprisingly, Tradus did quite well in terms of. page views with a average of 7.57 views per visit. Ecommerce industry in states essays vidal, India is in their blooming stage now. E-commerce including online. retail in India constitutes a small fraction of taekwondo black belt thesis total sales, but is set to united states grow to a substantial. amount owing to a lot of factors such as rising disposable incomes, rapid urbanization, increasing adoption and penetration of technology such as the resume video, internet and mobiles, rising. youth population as well as increasing cost of running offline stores across the country.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. MACRO ENVIONMENTAL ANALYSIS. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. MARKET SHARE VALUE. GLOBAL AND INDIAN SCENARIO. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of united states essays gore vidal coursework that answers your exact question?
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History and united states, available methods in Linux. The history of software suspend in Linux can be traced to Gabor Kuti and Pavel Machek who developed a patch for the 2.2 series known as swsusp . It was probably an belt abbreviation for swap suspend as the essays gore vidal snapshot image was written to the active swap partition of the system. Gabor used to taekwondo black, maintain these patches on his personal page. The code base for this patch became the basis for three different implementations that we have today: swsusp , suspend2 and uswsusp . swsusp was first incorporated in the 2.5.18 kernel. It subsequently became a part of the 2.6 stable release. Later, a fork of swsusp , known as pmdisk evolved. The difference between swsusp and pmdisk was that the latter’s code was much cleaner and well structured. United. Moreover, while swsusp used the /proc interface, pmdisk used the /sys interface. pmdisk cleanups were eventually merged into the swsusp code base. Among all the available methods, the one that generates the maximum excitement is suspend2 by descrimination essay Nigel Cunningham. It introduces some important changes in the way the united states snapshot image is essay handled and united states essays gore vidal, is also noticeably faster. suspend2 is currently available as a patch for 2.4 and 2.6 kernels and will hopefully be merged into the mainline kernels in future.
Also worth mentioning is taekwondo black thesis uswsusp , abbreviation for userland-swsusp . It is an implementation of an interface for vidal software suspend in the user space. All kernels starting from 2.6.17 have uswsusp merged in developmental research them. The module gives access to software suspend functionalities by gore vidal exposing common file operation methods that can be used to operate on a character device. Essay. This is only useful for developers who would like to write their software suspend applications in essays vidal user space and hence I won’t delve into this topic in detail here. swsusp works by taking a snapshot of the belt thesis contents of the RAM. This snapshot or suspend image is copied and then saved in an atomic operation fashion to the active swap partition.
Upon rebooting, if a valid image signature is found on the active swap, the image is loaded and the snapshot transferred back to memory. This gets back the saved state to the user. The following illustration shows the sequence in simple terms: User requests for software suspend All the united essays running processes are given the suspend signal The devices are frozen so that they don’t change the system state when the snapshot is taken The memory image is atomically copied with interrupts disabled Frozen devices are awakened so that the image can be written The image is written to swap Devices are suspended and the system powered off. The resume process involves just the inverse of the above steps.
Configuring and running swsusp is essay a breeze since it is a part of the 2.6 vanilla kernel. United States Essays Gore Vidal. If swsusp has not been compiled in your running kernel, you will have to enable it and recompile your kernel. It is belt always a good idea to compile a fresh stable version instead of tinkering with the running version because that way you always have a backup with you. To enable swsusp , bring up the kernel configuration window: Enable Software Suspend under Power Management Options as shown in figure 1. Figure 1: Enabling swsusp. You can optionally add your swap partition path in Default resume partition . This step appends a resume parameter to the kernel section in united states vidal grub.conf . Creative Writing Exercises For Young Adults. You may also enable Encrypt suspend image that would encrypt the image stored in the swap partition.
The key that is used for encryption is stored temporarily and gore, deleted after resuming. swsusp will not work with Symmetric Multi Processing (SMP) enabled in your kernel. So, you will have to disable Symmetric Multi Processing_support under _Processor types and features to enable the swsusp module as shown in figure 2. Figure 2: Disabling SMP. As swsusp uses the AES module to encrypt the suspend image, you will have to select Cryptographic API and AES cipher algorithms as built-ins into the kernel (not as modules as they won’t be loaded). Refer to figure 3. Figure 3: Enabling AES. `swsusp` will not work with Symmetric Multi Processing (SMP) enabled in your kernel. Now compile your kernel and if the compilation succeeds, install your kernel.
You should also check whether a resume parameter has been appended to the newly installed kernel’s entry in grub.conf . If not, you can add it manually as resume=/your/swappartition . (Refer to figure 4) Figure 4: Editing grub.conf. The default location of grub.conf is /etc . It may be different for your system. Finally, to hibernate, type the following command : If everything is fine, your system should enter the hibernate process and after saving the image should power off. You should again restart your system to in college admissions, find out if it really worked. The boot sequence should load the suspended image and get back to your previous session. There are a few other important points worth mentioning: To limit the suspend image size to N bytes, type:
where N is the number in bytes. Instead of using echo platform , you may use echo shutdown to hibernate your system. (Refer to the command above) If the system becomes too slow after a resume, you may try turning off the swap and then turning it on again: You may try a SysVInit patch that would enable you to suspend using: The patch is available here. Append the noresume parameter to united states vidal, your kernel if you would like to boot normally but be warned that something might go wrong! The fundamentals behind the working of swsusp and suspend2 are almost the same. However, there are some major differences in the way suspend2 does things and the flexibility it provides to the user. On Women In The Workplace. suspend2 first saves the lru (least recently used) pages in memory to the disk backstore, then does an atomic copy of the rest of the united states essays vidal memory and resume youtube video, then saves that. Since it is not doing an atomic copy of the whole of the memory, the process becomes much faster than swsusp and the image size is not limited to just half of the memory.
The module sees to it that once we start saving the page lists, no pages are added or deleted, hence maintaining the integrity of the saved data. United States Gore Vidal. To summarize the steps: User requests for system hibernation suspend2 waits for the number of processes in creative writing adults their critical paths to reach zero New processes are prevented from entering states that can cause deadlocks or inconsistent states The page cache is saved to disk Drivers are suspended and the processor state is united gore saved The rest of the memory is atomically copied and biology research, then saved to states, disk The system is shut down. The resume process is just the opposite of the above steps. To enable suspend2 , you will have to patch and compile your kernel. Patches for many versions are available on resume video, the suspend2 downloads page. However the stable version is suspend-2.2.5 for 126.96.36.199 kernel.
Using the stable release reduces the chances of breaking the kernel compilation. First of all, you need to apply the suspend2 patches using the apply script supplied. If you have other patches on your kernel (such as the mm patch), chances are that the apply script will fail. In that case, patching the united essays vidal files individually would be a good idea. The patch file that refuses has to be manually applied by looking through the diff file and replacing code at the right places. Research. After patching, you will have to configure your kernel. As shown in figure 5, enable Suspend2 under Power Management Options . From the options that show up in the Option window, enable File Writer and Swap Writer . You may ignore the rest of the options but feel free to go through their descriptions. Figure 5: Configuring suspend2. By default, suspend2 uses the LFZ modules for compression and states essays vidal, encryption which may be built into the kernel by selecting Cryptographic API and essays in the workplace, LFZ compression algorithm under Cryptographic Options . Figure 6: Enabling LFZ.
Once you are done selecting all other modules relevant to essays gore, your system, compile your new kernel and install it. suspend2 gives you the flexibility to choose the location to youtube, save the suspend image. States Gore. You can either choose the file writer or the swap writer for this purpose. While the filewriter can save the image to to write about in college admissions, a normal file, the swap writer can save the image either to a swap partition or to united essays vidal, a swap file. Unlike swsusp , suspend2 can write to any swap partition! It need not be the system’s active swap partition. Developmental Research. I’ll cover the united essays gore above three steps one by one. Unlike swsusp, suspend2 can write to any swap partition! It need not be the adults system’s active swap partition. Writing to a normal file: First of united states gore vidal, all create a file that is at least equal in size to your system RAM.
Here, I create a 512 MB file called suspend-image. Next supply this file to the suspend2 filewriter target. Finally, you will have to resume video, get the actual physical offset of this file and append it to united gore vidal, the kernel section in grub’s configuration file (grub.conf). The above command gave me the following output: So I need to essays in the workplace, append resume2=file:/dev/hda5:0x3c000 in my grub.conf . (Refer figure 7). United States Essays Gore. Don’t just copy-paste the above output as it will definitely be different for your system. Figure 7: Editing grub.conf Writing to a swap partition: This is the easiest of them all and is recommended for first timers. You just need to append your swap partition path to the resume2 parameter for your kernel. Find out essays on women in the your swap partition: and edit grub.conf accordingly. (Refer to essays gore vidal, figure 8)
Figure 8: Editing grub.conf Writing to descrimination, a swap file: The steps to this are similar to writing to united, a normal file except that here, you create a swap file instead of a normal one. To summarize: The output of the taekwondo black belt thesis following command tells you what to append to the resume2 parameter. The following output was obtained: The second output is united states gore what you would append in grub.conf . After choosing from the filewriter and the swapwriter (a combination of both is also possible), you should take a look at the hibernate script. This is a shell script that greatly simplifies the hibernation sequence. Descrimination Essay. Get the united latest version from the suspend2 Downloads page.The script is developmental biology papers available as RPM, SRPM, deb or tar.gz. Choose one of them and install it.
By default, it should install in /usr/local/sbin . If you use initrd (common in redhat distributions), you need to tell it about suspend2. Open the mkinitrd script in a file editor and go below the line that says: Add the following: The default location of essays, mkinitrd is /sbin . The advantage of creative writing exercises, suspend2 lies in united gore the flexibility it offers. A set of configuration files are provided by default in /etc/hibernate . Hopefully, suspend2 will work “out of the box” but it is resume youtube always a good idea to go through these configuration files if you want to essays gore vidal, tweak suspend2 to get the best out of it. Here is a brief summary of all the configuration files suspend2 offers. The verbose commented sections give a detailed explanation of all the available options. blacklisted-modules : Lists all the modules that have been reported to cause problems while suspending or resuming. Taekwondo Belt Thesis. hibernate.conf : The file actually read when the gore vidal hibernate script is essays in the workplace executed. disk.conf : Used when using the hibernate script to suspend using swsusp. common.conf : Includes list of common configurable options. ram.conf : Used when suspending to united gore vidal, RAM instead of disk. (useful for laptops) suspend2.conf : Configurable options for suspending to disk with suspend2. Now all you have left to do is about in college reboot into states essays your new kernel.
Keep a close eye on the system output while booting up. Essay. You should see something like Suspend2 enabled . Finally to hibernate, simply type the following as root: The system should enter the hibernate sequence and shutdown. Reboot again to check everything is vidal fine. If you are having problems with the filewriter, you may switch to the swap writer instead. It is usually convenient to try suspending to the swap partition first because that’s the easiest.
Then, you may try suspending to a normal file or a swap file. If the hibernate script doesn’t work for you for any reason, you should try the to write in college admissions essays following: Go through the contents of suspend-debug and see what went wrong. The most important information will be towards the end of the file. If you find its contents meaningless, you would be better off sending it to the suspend2 mailing list. Most probably, someone will help you out. Not only does suspend2 work differently, you can also make it look different. You have the option of a text based user interface or a graphical interface to show during the hibernate sequence. Download and united vidal, install the Suspend2-User-UI package from suspend2 website.
Additionally, obtain a theme from here and resume, extract it to /etc/splash . Create a symbolic link to it and name it as suspend2. Add the appropriate entry in suspend2.conf depending on what user interface you would like to have. For Graphical UI. Now hibernate and see if everything goes as expected. If not, you can use the --bug-report option with hibernate to diagnose the problem. hibernate ’s log file also provides a lot of information about what went wrong. States Essays Gore Vidal. Its default location is /var/log/hibernate.log . Using the power button to taekwondo, suspend: First of all, make sure you have compiled your kernel with acpi support. States Gore. Then install acpid and add it to the default run level. Edit /etc/acpi/default.sh as follows: If you would like to reboot instead of biology papers, shutting down your system, simply press “R” during the suspend process. suspend2 clearly seems to be the successor to swsusp . It provides a lot more features than any other available method and is also very configurable. It allows you to united essays vidal, store the suspended image almost anywhere.
A more interesting feature which is in creative writing for young adults the TODO list is suspending to a NFS share! However, kerneltrap reports Nigel as saying that he will devote less time to suspend2 which may prevent its merging into united essays vidal the vanilla kernel. The three different methods available target three different types of users. If you just want your system to hibernate and have no desire to tinker with your kernel, swsusp is definitely for you. On the contrary, suspend2 gives you greater speed and flexibility.
If you are one of those who fancies writing his own userspace program, go for uswsusp . Get set and take your pick!