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bdsm slave essay (c) 2004 by common prompts college, Deborah Teramis Christian. All rights reserved. Contact the author for permission to reuse. A submissive explores the piquant terrain of the surrendering of power. It is not surprising that folks engaged in essay is, D/s often spend a fair amount of energy determining what are the appropriate bounds of submission and control to essay prompts college incorporate into donald goines essay, their play. Common Prompts? For those for whom this kind of power exchange is a lifestyle expression, the counsellor, scope of dominance and submission excercised may be quite extensive. Into this mix then often comes the tricky word of slave #150; a concept which never fails to muddy the water, especially in discussions on the internet or among kinksters with limited D/s experience. While some people insist that the word slave, like the common college, word submissive, can mean to discuss in essay the individual anything they want it to mean, it is neverthless a fact of the established and more experienced leather community that slavery in an M/s sense of the word has specific connotations, and that slavery differs from common essay college, submission in significant ways.
I want to explore those differences here and illustrate why I believe that a submissive and and cons of tourism, a slave are two entirely different creatures, as unlike as apples and oranges. To start this conversation I will offer a definition of submissive and slave first put forth by Steven Davis on the old alt.sex.bondage newsgroup on Usenet in 1995, paraphrased here with permission. (Also, when speaking of D/s which is a gender-neutral endeavor, I tend to use the gender neutral pronouns of sie and hir in prompts college, my discussion. I write for an audience that spans many orientations and resume, I find it helps avoid the pattern of essay prompts college thinking of D/s as happening in any one set of gender configurations). Pros? That said: A submissive renews the choice to submit every time a demand is common essay prompts levied upon essay, hir. A slave makes a one-time choice to submit, up front, and thereafter it is incumbent upon hir to obey. I am fond of this definition because it describes not only my personal experience of submission and slavery, but with some minimal qualification also applies to every submissive or slave relationship I have known of. Prompts College? To elaborate, then.
At the informal essay, heart of submission is the common essay, choice to submit and the option to say No . The submissive decides how much authority sie will cede to another, how much control sie will bow to, and what aspects of and cons essay hir life sie will surrender to the dominant's command. Submissive power exchange is about choice: about the option to decide how one feels about a demand and what one is going to do about it. At any point that the sub is not comfortable with this arrangement, it is within hir rights to essay say No, I'm not going to do that, and this becomes a signal to the couple that they need to renegotiate something. It does not completely derail the power dynamic between them. A submissive chooses to submit and has the option to say 'no' in at least one aspect of hir life.
A submissive who is donald goines essay controlled in large tracts of hir life #150; hir sexuality, work, dress, social habits, etc - may fall into a space of obedience where orders in those arenas are never mulled over or reassessed (in the sense of renewing the choice to submit every time a demand is prompts college levied upon hir). I contend that this is not counter to the definition I offer above but a special subset thereof: even for such a closely-controlled submissive, there remains some area of hir life or aspect of hir person where sie retains autonomy, or where it is essay hir option to decide if sie wishes to submit in the moment. In short: a submissive chooses to submit and has the option in some area or another to say no to a dominant command. How, then, does consensual slavery differ from submission? First and foremost, slavery hinges upon a commitment to obedience. The slave does not revisit issues such as should I submit? or How do I feel about that? Will I say yes or no? When a dominant order is issued, whether or not the slave agrees with it, sie is obedient in the same manner that a soldier is who has enlisted in the Army. (That military analogy is one of several I think holds very true for the power dynamics of M/s relationships.) Secondly, in consensual slavery a person gives themselves over to common prompts the control of another as completely as is humanly possible. This means not only a high degree of obedience, but that there is application scholarships actually a chattel property context to the relationship. I refer not to a legal relationship, of course, but to a mutual understanding of ownership and common essay prompts, property status that arises between the parties.
While both slaves and submissives are often fondly referred to as property, in the sense of consensual slavery the slave becomes literally (by mutual agreement) the property of the Owner. It is not unheard of for slaves to be sold by an Owner and to go willingly to their new Master or Mistress. A slave commits to obey. A 'no' becomes a dealbreaker in a way it can never be for a submissive. Thirdly, a slave cannot say No without completely abrogating the very basis of the an essay concering human understanding, Master/slave agreement.
A No from a slave is common essay a terminal deal-breaker in a way that it is not for a submissive. One analogy I offer is this: a submissive is like an employee in the workplace, who can protest directives and hope to resolve conflict with management (the dominant). A slave, on the other hand, is like a soldier who, if sie disobeys orders, has put hirself in a position of mutiny with much more dire consequences to hir relationship to the military (the Owner) than if sie were a civilian disputing a less-controlling authority. The military cannot function if command authority is questioned, and neither can a Master/slave relationship. Earlier I said, The submissive decides how much authority sie will cede to another, how much control sie will bow to, and pros and cons, what aspects of hir life sie will surrender to the dominant's command. Essay? Slavery differs in this regard: these decisions are not made by the slave, but by the Owner for the slave, after the pros essay, general commitment to obedience is in place. There is much more to be said about the characteristics and nuances of consensual slavery, which I get into in common college, other essays dedicated to the topic. But I believe the an essay concering understanding, above serves to common essay college illustrate the key differences in pros of tourism essay, the submission and obedience factors of sub and slave. Submissives are commonly viewed as falling upon a spectrum. At one end is common essay one who submits very little or only in scene-delimited context; at the other, one who submits as a constant in a lifestyle context and is very controlled, and human, everyone else falls somewhere in between.
A big error occurs, I believe, when people assume that a slave is simply another point on that spectrum, a more extreme form of submissive than is found in the ordinary range of common submission. And Cons Of Tourism Essay? I think this is to prompts college fundamentally misunderstand the concering, internal dynamics of slavery. A slave is not an ueber-sub, someone more submissive than the common essay college, ordinary submissive. For that matter, a slave may not even be submissive at all. Slavery is not about submission or submissive behaviors. It is about obedience . There are other characteristics unique to slaves that distinguish them from submissive mentalities and informal essay, reflect a different kind of common essay prompts internal wiring. I will touch upon those in other essays as well. The word slave has a lot of charge to scholarships it. It has erotic juice for those who would be love slaves or service slaves. It has cultural charge around the non-consensual chattel slavery history experienced by blacks in this country.
It is common shunned by those who do not like the cultural baggage, and embraced by those who like the eroticism that the word suggests. Slavery as I use it here and as much (most?) of the M/s community employ it, has a distinctive character. It is a narrowly defined construct with fairly specific meaning at its core. Goines? A slave who is property, who offers obedience across the board, even potentially to the point of being sold, will at times look askance when this label is bandied about by bedroom players or used to describe relationships that are D/s #150; even very controlling D/s #150; but not M/s, in nature. Many people refer to themselves as slaves because they enjoy erotic or other types of control on a limited basis, as long as it doesn't interfere too much with other areas of their life they hold off-limits. And the more controlled a submissive is, the more that person's state resembles that of a slave, and so may be commonly referred to as slave without fine distinctions being made in conversation. But when we are speaking of essay prompts college degree of control, a slave is someone very specific. Words and Their Meanings. It is the nature of popular jargon, perhaps, that words like slave will be adopted by those who find it sexy or apropo to some aspect of their lives, and the distinctions between that and counsellor resume, submissive will blur. But it is necessary when speaking of M/s relationships to common prompts be more precise about these meanings.
Slaves and Owners of my acquaintance distinguish sharply between the Master and slave of delimited D/s, and no essay application, the Master and slave of an obedience-centered chattel property relationship. I have offered this discussion to distinguish beween key elements of submission as contrasted to slavery. Slave has a particular meaning to college an established segment of the BDSM community, and the aforegoing is intended to illustrate ways in which this mode of an essay obedience differs from the more commonly encountered D/s styles of prompts college submission.
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one thesis [Note: Four translations of the common essay prompts college, section on The Thesis Statement have been posted on the Internet. Romanian here. (Translated by Paula-Maria Niculescu.) Latvian here. (Translated by Evelina Koprziwov.) Ukranian here. Discuss In Essay! (Translated by essay college Anna Matesh.) 188.8.131.52 States what you want your readers to an essay, know, believe, or understand. 184.108.40.206 Why do you need to develop a thesis statement when you write an essay? 1.4.3 How to Write a Thesis Statement. 220.127.116.11 Ask and answer the questions why? and how? of common college your trial thesis statement. 18.104.22.168 Make your thesis statement a positive statement, not a negative one. 1.4.4 Content of Your Thesis Statement. Checklist for resume Revising Thesis Statements.
We will be talking about thesis statements quite a bit this semester. Common Essay Prompts College! We will be writing thesis statements, revising them, and using them as tools to discuss, help us revise our essays. So let me clarify what I mean by the term thesis statement. By the way, some of the explanation that follows will be more specific or slightly different from common essay college some things you find in your handbook. Where there is informal essay is any conflict, this document rules. Perhaps the first step would be to clarify what I do not mean by the term thesis statement. A thesis statement, as we will be using the college, term this semester, is informal essay not necessarily a sentence that appears in the first paragraph of your essay. Your thesis statement might appear in the first paragraph, or the last paragraph, or it might not appear in the essay at all. I do not mean by common essay prompts college a thesis statement something that you necessarily write before writing the essay. I will often ask you to write a trial thesis statement before submitting a draft of your essay; the term trial means that this is not a thesis statement you are committed to.
The only no essay reason for asking for a trial thesis statement is to allow us to have something to discuss in class. You will usually not finish writing your thesis statement until you have nearly finished writing and revising your essay. Because your thesis statement may or may not appear in the body of essay your essay, I will ask you to pros essay, always put your thesis statement at the very end of your essay, labeled and printed as a separate paragraph after your last paragraph or after your list of works cited, if you have one. So what is a thesis statement? A thesis statement is a single declarative sentence that states what you want your readers to know, believe, or understand after having read your essay . If we understand that definition, it will be a lot easier to work with thesis statements, so let's take a minute to break it down into its component parts and make sure we see what it contains. 22.214.171.124 A thesis statement is a single sentence. A thesis statement, in other words, is only one sentence, not two or three or more.
Why? Because the thesis statement is the main point you want to make in essay, one essay; so it should be one sentence. No Essay Application Scholarships! Frederick Crews defines an essay as a short piece of common prompts nonfiction that tries to make a point in an interesting way. What makes it an goines essay essay is that it aims to make a point, one point. Essay! This doesn't mean that you can only make one assertion in an essay. But it means that all of the many claims you make must fit together, that they must all support or lead to a single point (claim, conclusion) that defines the whole essay. Discuss! And if everything you say in an essay supports a single point or claim, then you can express that claim in prompts college, a single sentence. Informal Is! Notice that nobody is saying that it must be a short sentence or a pretty sentence. But it must be one sentence, not two or more sentences. If you can't express the main point of your essay in one sentence, your essay probably doesn't have one point; it probably has two. And that means it should be two essays.
Feel free to write them both, but one at common essay prompts, a time. 126.96.36.199 A thesis statement is a single declarative sentence. A declarative sentence is simply a sentence that makes a statement rather than asking a question or making a command. It is discuss really saying the common essay college, same thing twice to say that a thesis statement is and cons essay a declarative sentence. Essay Prompts College! It just means that a thesis statement is a statement. The repetition is for emphasis; it helps us to keep in mind that a thesis statement is not a question. You may often start work on your essay with a question in mind. That's a good idea.
But the question is not your thesis statement. Concering Human Understanding! Your thesis statement will be the answer to essay college, the question, an answer that you will defend and essay explain in your essay. 188.8.131.52 A thesis statement is a single declarative sentence that states what you want your readers to know, believe, or understand. Different essays will have different purposes, depending on your message and common prompts college your audience. If you are writing about a topic that your readers know very little about, you will write differently than you would if you were writing about a topic about which your readers were well informed. Some textbooks attempt to break down the kinds of discuss essays into categories like informative, persuasive, expository, or argumentative.
These categories can sometimes be useful in thinking about your essay, but they are always a little artificial. No good essay is entirely informative or entirely persuasive. Almost any good essay will have to inform the reader at some points and persuade the reader at others. But every good essay is common essay prompts college unified, moves toward a single major point. An Essay Concering Human! Thus every good essay has a thesis statement, though it may be implied rather than explicitly stated in the text of the essay. If you are writing a primarily informative essay rather than a primarily persuasive essay, that doesn't mean your essay doesn't have a thesis; it just means that your thesis is common essay a statement about application, which your readers are uninformed, rather than one on essay prompts college which they may have opinions that differ from yours. Whatever kind of essay you are writing, you want to essay, decide before you finish it what the common essay, point will be, where it's going. Thus you want your thesis statement to express in a sentence what your whole essay says, what you want your readers to an essay concering, know or believe or understand by the end of the essay. You don't just want the common essay prompts, thesis statement to be a general conclusion that someone might reach from pros and cons your essay; you want it to say what your essay says. One problem with many, perhaps most, trial thesis statements is that they are too general and hence do not really give any guidance as to what issues and common college what evidence will be in this essay. 184.108.40.206 A thesis statement is discuss a single declarative sentence that states what you want your readers to college, know, believe, or understand after having read your essay.
You may have been asked in a previous class to put your thesis statement in the first paragraph of your essay. There is nothing wrong with putting the an essay, thesis statement in the first paragraph, if that will help you to get your point across to essay prompts, your readers. But many excellent essays do not state the thesis statement in the first paragraph. The decision as to resume, whether to do so should be based on common essay prompts college what will work best with your subject and your readers. Resume! However, the tradition of putting the common essay prompts college, thesis in goines, the first paragraph has led some students to mistakenly think of the common college, thesis statement as a kind of introduction to the essay. In some cases, the informal, thesis statement works well as part of the essay prompts, introduction; in some cases it doesn't.
But a thesis statement is not necessarily part of the introduction, and in developing your thesis statement you should not be thinking primarily about how you want your essay to start. You should be thinking about counsellor, what you want the prompts college, whole essay to say, what you want the reader to know or believe at the end of the essay, not the beginning. This is why you often cannot finish your thesis statement until you finish your essay. Why should you write a thesis statement when you write an essay? What is it good for? Is it just busy work? Something English teachers are required to impose on students to keep them from no essay application scholarships having any free time? One of those long traditions that everyone has forgotten the reason for?
I don't think so. Developing a thesis statement is an important part of the process of writing an essay. Essay College! In fact, you really can't write a good essay without developing a thesis statement. Of course, to develop a thesis statement doesn't necessarily require writing it down on a piece of paper and handing it in application scholarships, with your essay. But that is what I will ask you to do for every essay you write. So I'll have to answer this question in two parts: First, why do you need to develop a thesis statement? Second, why do I ask you to write it down and hand it in? 220.127.116.11 Why do you need to develop a thesis statement when you write and essay? First, why do you need to develop a thesis statement when you write an essay?
The reason is essay college that, using the definition of of tourism a thesis statement given above, you can't write a good essay without one. In fact, it flows from the definition of an essay that an essay cannot fail to have a thesis. An essay is a short piece of nonfiction that tries to make a point in essay college, an interesting way. The thesis statement, as we have defined it, is scholarships merely a statement of the point the essay makes. If it doesn't make a point, if it's just a random bunch of paragraphs about the common, same topic that never come to any conclusion, then it isn't really an essay.
Notice that the definition says that an essay tries to make a point in an interesting way. Concering Understanding! Most essays don't completely succeed for all readers. Having a thesis is no guarantee of a good essay. You might try to make a point, and fail. But if you don't have a point to make, if you don't have a thesis, then you can't possibly succeed. When I talk about having a thesis, I don't mean that you have to have the thesis before writing the essay. Essay College! When you write you are creating ideas. Application Scholarships! One of the things that makes writing so interesting and common college exciting is that, in the process of writing, you almost always discover ideas and scholarships connections between ideas that you didn't recognize before. Common! Even if you have a clear idea of what you think you want to say before you start to write, you will usually discover that in no essay, the process of common essay prompts college writing your idea changes.
Often you will have to start writing with only donald a question to answer or a topic to explore, and common prompts you'll have to write your way to a thesis. You will keep revising your thesis statement as you revise your essay. Where the thesis statement is most important is at the end of the process, during revision. No Essay Application Scholarships! You want your essay to common prompts, come to a point, to have a clear thesis that every reader will understand. 18.104.22.168 What's the value of writing out your thesis statement on a piece of essay is paper? This brings us to the second question. Even if we accept that every good essay does have a thesis statement, often that thesis is implied by the essay and not explicitly stated. Essay Prompts! But I am going to ask you to submit your thesis statement in writing with every draft and every essay you write.
What's the value of informal essay is writing out your thesis statement on a piece of paper? If you know the point you are trying to make, isn't that enough? The basic answer is common essay college yes. If you really do know what you're trying to say in the paper, if it's crystal clear in donald goines essay, your own mind, then it really isn't necessary for you to prompts college, write down your thesis and label it in order to produce a good essay. On the other hand, if your thesis is clear in your mind, it is very easy to write it down on a piece of paper. It just takes a few seconds.
No problem. Unfortunately, most of us are not absolutely clear in our minds about what point we are making when we write. Even when we think we know exactly what we want to in essay, say, we often discover when we start to write it down that it isn't all there. The main reason I ask you to write down your thesis statement and submit it before, during, and after you write your essay is that we will use the trial thesis statement as a tool to discuss and revise your essay. 22.214.171.124 Seeing the common essay, relationship between your thesis statement and your essay. Think of no essay your essay as a building. Common Essay Prompts College! You are the architect. As you design the building you construct a scale model so that you and your clients can see what the finished building will look like. It doesn't have all the scholarships, detail the finished building will, but it does allow us to see the shape and common prompts college overall design. Scholarships! If you make changes in the design, you will alter the scale model. People's reactions to the scale model may help you to decide how to alter the design.
Your thesis statement is to your essay as the scale model is to the building. Essay! Until construction is complete, you can always make changes. And so your scale model will not be final until the building is finished. If you think of the thesis statement as a scale model of your essay, you can see why your thesis statement must evolve and no essay application develop as your essay does, and essay prompts you won't worry about having a finished thesis statement until you have a finished essay. But you will recognize that in working on your thesis statement you are working on your essay. If the thesis statement is resume a good model of your essay--if everything in the essay is common prompts college reflected in the thesis statement and everything in the thesis statement is developed in the essay--then we can give you useful feedback on your trial thesis statement that will help you to decide how to revise your essay.
Having to develop a written thesis statement along with your essay also helps you to discover problems with your essay and discuss solve them. Common Essay College! For example, unless you have a very clear idea of no essay what you want to say when you start writing your essay, you are likely to drift as you write the first draft. That is to say, you will change your argument as you develop it. Common Essay College! This is a good thing because you usually improve your argument as you change it. But it often results in a draft that starts out by concering posing one question and essay ends up by answering a different one. The essay will often seem to be two separate half-essays pasted together in the middle. This problem is usually not hard to fix, but it may be hard for you to pros, see at first because you are so close to common essay college, the essay that you have just written. A thesis statement can help you to recognize that your essay has changed from its original intention. And in trying to revise your thesis statement so that it summarizes your whole essay, you will see that that is an impossible task until you have settled on a single direction in which to informal essay, revise the essay. If you think of the thesis statement as a scale model of your essay, it will point you toward answers to many of the essay college, questions that arise in the process of is revision. Sometimes it will not be easy to see the relationship between your thesis statement and your essay.
This can be frustrating. Essay College! You may be tempted to human understanding, think that if you could just ignore the thesis statement your essay would be fine. Usually, this is wishful thinking. One of the reasons why it may be hard to come up with a thesis statement that matches your essay is that you haven't really decided what you want to say in the essay. You may have seven or ten decent paragraphs down on paper. They might even be interesting. Common Essay! But if you can't say for counsellor sure what they add up to, what point they make, you probably don't have an essay yet. A good thesis statement will tell you when you have finished.
This may not sound important, but it is. One of the common essay prompts, hardest things about writing good essays--even for very experienced writers--is knowing when you're finished, knowing when you should stop revising, knowing when you've reached the end of the process. Most essays that don't work very well fail because they were never completed. Human Understanding! And one reason we hand in common essay prompts, incomplete essays is that we don't know how to tell when they are finished. If you make the effort to really develop and revise your thesis statement, you will find that it gets much easier to tell when the counsellor, finished essay has done what it needs to do. 1.4.3 How to Write a Thesis Statement. If you understand why you are writing a thesis statement, it will be easier to write one.
To get started, use whatever techniques seem to work for you: freewriting, clustering, talking it over with friends, brainstorming. By the time you write a thesis statement, we will have discussed the topic in class, and essay prompts college you will have an idea how your fellow students--your audience for the essay--are thinking about it. You will have read about the general topic and written on your reading. Throughout the whole process of reading, writing, and discussing the topic in class, be on the lookout for questions and problems that interest you. Don't try to think of the one perfect topic for an essay; there probably isn't one. Discuss! Try to think of interesting issues, several of them. Common Prompts! I'll probably ask you to suggest three or four topics that might lead to interesting essays.
Once you have a topic, the actual development of a thesis statement begins. At first, your goal is an essay concering understanding just to common essay college, get your rough idea down on paper. You should not expect to just sit down and write a perfect thesis statement. It doesn't work that way. Your first trial thesis statement is only a rough approximation of counsellor what you will eventually end up saying. But it gives you something to work with, something to improve. Usually, the process of revising a trial thesis statement consists of making your point clearer and more specific, narrowing down and filling in what you can really do in college, the essay, saying more about less.
This is a process that writers have to discuss in essay, go through in order to produce good work. It's normal and healthy. It's a form of essay success, not a sign of failure. If you expect not to have to revise your thesis statement, you are bound to feel bad when you do. An Essay Concering Understanding! It's the prompts college, false expectation that causes the problem. So expect to revise your thesis statement and you will neither be surprised or disappointed. You can just get on with it. Your handbook has good advice on how to revise a trial thesis statement. My suggestions here are just a supplement to donald, your handbook, not a substitute for essay college it. Several of the most important things you want to look for I have already mentioned while discussing the definition of a thesis statement. Of Tourism Essay! In addition to those, the following techniques can be useful in revising and prompts trying to improve a thesis statement once you have one to work with.
126.96.36.199 Ask and answer the questions why? and counsellor resume how? of your trial thesis statement. One of the most common problems with a trial thesis statement is common that you have given the final conclusion you want to reach in the essay, but you haven't stated your reasons. Often you will devote much more space in your essay to giving reasons than to stating conclusions. A quick test is to look at your trial thesis statement and see if it makes sense to ask either why? or how? of your thesis statement as you have written it. If it does, then answer the discuss in essay, question and essay write the answer down. And Cons Of Tourism Essay! The answer to that question will often be a better thesis statement than your original. Some thesis statements need to prompts college, state both a conclusion and a premise. Often these take the form of X because Y. If you don't answer the question why? in your trial thesis statement, try adding a because clause. If you do so, be careful to make it a clause and not a phrase. Scholarships! That is, make it a group of words with a subject and a verb, not just a string of nouns and modifiers. If you use because in your thesis statement, don't ever follow it with of.
Because of leads to essay prompts college, a prepositional phrase; it will give you a static topic, but won't tell who is doing what to whom. Always use because in the form because somebody does something. 188.8.131.52 Make your thesis statement a positive statement, not a negative one. Tell us what somebody did, not what they didn't do; what caused the problem, not what didn't cause it; what you know, not what you don't know. Counsellor! Be very careful about using the word not in a thesis statement. The problem with making your thesis statement a negative claim is that the only way to support it is by making a positive claim. Prompts College! So if your thesis statement is worded negatively, you probably haven't said what you need to say yet. Notice that if you ask the question why? of a negative claim, you will almost always have to answer it with a positive one.
This suggestion is about the wording of your thesis, not your attitude. I don't mean that your statement must be positive in the sense of optimistic, just that it must be worded as a positive claim, rather than one that uses terms like not. 184.108.40.206 Use the an essay human, active voice in every clause in your thesis statement. Clauses that use transitive verbs are in either the active or the passive voice. A transitive verb is an action verb that transmits the action to a receiver. Common College! An example would be the verb throw in counsellor, the sentence Jane throws the ball. The action, throwing, is transmitted from the common prompts, doer, Jane, to a receiver, the ball. When a transitive verb is in the active voice, as in pros, this example, the doer of the action is the subject of the sentence or clause. Jane did the essay prompts, throwing, she does the an essay human, action, she is the subject of the sentence. When such a clause is in the passive voice, the common prompts college, receiver is the subject of the sentence: The ball was thrown by Jane. All of these terms are also defined in your handbook.
Look them up if you need to, as often as you need to, until the meanings become clear. And don't hesitate to ask questions if you are confused. Most of the time, the active voice is clearer, more informative, and application scholarships more direct than the passive voice or than clauses using linking verbs (for example, is or was). But we are sometimes, though very rarely, justified in using the passive voice in common essay college, writing for variety or emphasis. And Cons Of Tourism! But when we are writing thesis statements, I think we should always use the active voice when we can. And we almost always can. We want a thesis statement to express action, not just join topics together. We want a thesis statement to essay prompts college, express what we are going to pros and cons essay, say, not just what we are going to write about.
If we try to put every clause in every thesis statement in the active voice it will help us to find out common what we really want to say and to write better essays faster. One corollary to the rule that we should use the active voice is that we should never, or hardly ever, use a form of the verb to be as the main verb in a clause. So if you find yourself using a verb like is, are, was, or were as a linking verb rather than just a helping verb, revise. Ask yourself Who's doing what? Who's kicking who?
And rewrite your thesis statement in discuss, the active voice. If you still find the college, concept of the human, active voice confusing or difficult, don't think you're the only one. Many students come into essay prompts college English Composition without a clear understanding of the idea of voice. But it is important. So please do the tutorial on The Active Voice. 1.4.4 Content of Your Thesis Statement. So far, we have been discussing fairly formal tests of counsellor a thesis. But as you start working with actual thesis statement, you will have to look at the meaning of the thesis, the ideas it contains, and ask whether what your thesis says expresses the right content, the meaning you want the essay to have. 220.127.116.11 Make it clear and unambiguous. Make sure it couldn't be interpreted to common, mean something other than what you want it to mean.
It should be unambiguous. Of Tourism Essay! Ask whether the sentence could mean different things to different people. If it could, revise it to remove the possible meanings that you don't want to essay prompts, convey. State no more than you are willing to defend. Probably the concering understanding, most common problem with trial thesis statements is that they are too broad, that they claim too much. In a good essay, you will say more about less, not less about more. That is, you will develop your essay through specifics, examples, evidence of common essay prompts some detail that you can directly relate to your own experience or to specific sources. The test is will you answer the question how do you know? to informal essay is, the satisfaction of your readers for every major claim you make? 18.104.22.168 Make it controversial or informative.
Your thesis statement should be a statement about prompts, which your audience's knowledge or thinking is deficient or erroneous. You should be telling them something they don't already know or don't already believe. The point you make in discuss, your essay shouldn't be obvious. If most of essay your readers are likely to believe your thesis without even reading your essay, you probably don't need to write an essay to support that thesis. Can you move your audience to accept this thesis statement in an essay of the length you propose to write?
Just as you can't write a very good essay pointing out something that is already obvious to counsellor, your readers, you shouldn't make a claim that is so controversial that you really don't have a chance of college getting your readers to accept it. Remember, for all working drafts and essays, you will put your thesis statement for the essay at the very end, as the an essay concering, last lines in common essay college, the document, labeled Thesis Statement.
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A Few Words About Decision Modeling Notations. Once you accept the benefits of Decision Management and Decision Modeling you will know what Business Decisions are and common essay prompts the need to is use a single notation, across your enterprise, to model them. Using a single, defined notation allows your models to be unambiguously understood, and shared, among distributed teams of prompts college, business analysts. It increases the effectiveness of no essay application, team collaboration and avoids misunderstandings. It allows consumers of Decision Models to prompts college focus on the underlying meaning of decisions and their accuracyófree from the need to understand the vagaries of each analystís preferred notation. Why Use an Industry Standard Notation? Industry standard notations have been designed and refined to maximise their effectiveness by many expert practitioners over years. The same cannot be said of a home grown notation. Counsellor Resume? Furthermore, well designed notations can improve the integrity of business logic by exposing contradictions and gaps. Finally, use of industry standards makes it easier to procure expert help from the marketplace. DMN is an open standard which means it is not, like TDM, owned by a specific vendor or subject to restricted distribution.
DMN is defined, ratified and freely published by the Object Management Group (OMG). The Object Management Group Inc. is an essay college international, not-for-profit, technology standards consortium specializing in the development and custodianship of standard notations used by businesses in over twenty market verticals. A full, current definition of TDM is reserved only for an essay concering understanding, clients of Sapiens Inc (the 2009 book only partially documents the standard) and the only full implementation of TDM is their DECISION toolset (we discount superficial implementations like Visio templates). DMN (according to the DMN Tool Catalog) is supported by twelve toolsets (as of January 2016) and more are planned. The OMG ensure that the definition of the standard is available to all and this promotes competition. Itís Built by Many Experienced Practitioners.
OMG are also responsible for, among others, three world dominant standards for data, business process and model driven architecture modelling: UML, BPMN and MDA. Prompts College? The vendor team behind DMN includes Decision Management Solutions, Fair Isaac Corporation (FICO), IBM, Knowledge Partners International, Oracle and discuss TIBCO Software Inc. Common? This represents an enormous amount of collective experience in Decision Modeling. and essay is standards administration. DMN was first made available as a beta draft in early 2014, version 1.1 is shortly to be ratified by the OMG and common new versions will follow. There are number of web materials and a book on the integration of no essay scholarships, business process and common college decision modeling. Essay Is? In contrast the public definition of TDM has changed little since 2010. DMN Decision Requirements Diagram. Like TDM, DMN models have two views: the common prompts college, Decision Requirements Diagram (DRD), depicting the structural dependencies of decisions, and the Decision Logic Diagram (DLD), defining decision logic in detail. The TDM structural view only depicts the is, dependency of decisions on sub-decisions (rule families), the DMN DRD depicts these but also includes dependencies on: Input Data nodes which depict sources of information; Knowledge Sources, or authorities, which are references to external business know-how, best practices, analytical models or compliance documents and Business Knowledge Models, a reusable element of business logic. Both DMN and essay college TDM define decision logic using decision tables.
However DMN has many unique options that TDM does not offer: Representation of logic in informal is many other formats such as text, decision flows, decision trees or a PMML analytic models. DMN Decision Table. TDM does provide a modeling method, structural and integrity principles and best practices (which DMN lacks). However these can all be applied to DMN. All expressions and values in DMN are underpinned by an algebraic expression language (the ĎFriendly Enough Expression Languageíó FEEL ). FEEL is common prompts college, used for calculations and expressing conditions.
It is application scholarships, powerful, has a well defined syntax and common prompts a rich set of types. TDM lacks this foundation and users of this notation are limited to pros and cons of tourism using simple values or defining their own expression syntax which undermines the value of using a standard notation. TDM is a closed standard, defined and essay prompts college exclusively owned by Sapiens Inc. Many aspects of TDM have not been formally published and are embodied only in privately available white papers and in and cons of tourism the Sapiens DECISION product. Other TDM tools exist, but as the owner of TDM is a tool vendor, a two-tier support model has evolved. Common Essay Prompts College? TDM is evolving closer to counsellor resume DMN, but its trajectory is known and controlled exclusively by college, Sapiens. DMN is no essay scholarships, a relatively new open standard, rigidly defined by common college, a widely circulated, publicly available specification. At least twelve vendors are currently working on tool support. Although little experience of using DMN exists in the market at the time of writing, it is very likely that this is where the counsellor, bulk of future innovation and vendor support will lie in the coming years. You can find out more about DMN and common prompts Decision Modeling from our new book and in essay we now offer decision modeling training courses and mentorship. Good article Ė succinct and very compelling.
I agree with many of your points but would highlight a couple of key observations, in my opinion: Ė Evolution of DMN vs TDM Ė I agree that TDM being a closed standard and common essay the fact that its documentation is donald, limited to a book from 2009 means that, from a practitioner point of view where that practitioner is not using DECISION, its evolution is hidden from public view. However, putting that aside, comparing the evolution of DMN to TDM is like comparing an adult to a child; the child is constantly learning new things that an adult will already know, because theyíve gone through childhood themselves. There are things that have been debated in the DMN community during the evolution of 1.0 that were put to common essay prompts college bed years ago by TDM. Ė Features and foundations Ė again, agree that there are more features that TDM doesnít have. However, as we know, with DMN being a standard there is no methodology (thus, step in the consultant with their definitive training and books). Counsellor? So what this actually presents in essay prompts college the first instance is a reduction in accessibility and a higher risk for confusion, complication, and counsellor growth of very poor practice. FEEL is going to be very challenging to business users; Iíd go as far as to say FEEL may well put decision modelling out of reach of common essay, business users. In addition, without normalisation principles etc (which only no essay scholarships come from a methodology) what you will see is what is in evidence by organizations that adopt BPMN or Agile Ė theyíll do it their way. Common Prompts? Yes, some will come knocking for in essay, training, but the vast majority will not want to acknowledge the required investment. So what you will get is huge decision tables, some in common prompts college rules-as-rows, some as columns, some as crosstab and what will result is an unholy mess.
This is less of an issue with tooling, which, as you point out, is going to be more readily available through an open standard. However, if you look at BPMN and the proliferation of Visio, what you will know is that the actual implementation of usable BPMN, particularly at pros and cons of tourism essay, an enterprise, automated, level is very limited. Despite these points, I do agree that the use of the open standard is the way forward, because it does make it more accessible overall. I think, like UML and BPMN, organisations will start to go for DMN properly when it hits 2.0. Best of luck with the book Ė I look forward to reading it! Thanks for common prompts college, your insightful comments, Nick. Itís good to of tourism hear from common essay, you again. I was prompted to write this article not because James Taylor and I are writing a book about DMN, but rather to of tourism essay address a query from a long term client: ďafter training, mentoring and performing TDM consultancy for four years, why are Lux Magi now offering DMN courses and consultancy at the front of college, their service offerings?Ē I absolutely agree that TDM has reached a level of maturity that DMN has yet to achieve. TDM has an counsellor resume elegant simplicity and its structural, integrity and declarative principles are highly valuable to clients and prevent poor modeling practices.
Iíve written articles on this blog extoling the virtues of TDM. For this reason, Lux Magi still teaches and mentors TDM teams and would still recommend TDM to prompts college certain clients. However, my concern with TDM and donald essay the reason we usually recommend DMN to clients (if given a clear choice) is threefold: ē TDM, like an elderly adult is set in its ways and is less flexible than the younger DMN. For example, as you know: TDM insists that decision logic can only be defined by decision tables, other forms of logic (including analytical models as described in my articles) are not supported; TDM does not support the parameterized reuse of decisions as DMN does and TDM does not represent the dependencies of decisions on Knowledge Sources or Input Data.
We have encountered projects where TDMís lack of essay college, flexibility in these (and other areas) was a real liability. TDM is just too focused on decision tables and you know this isnít suitable for all business logic. ē Many of the advantages of TDM arise from the fact that DMN is just a notation whereas TDM offers an an essay human approach to decision modeling including a method, best practices and the principles I mentioned above. Hereís the snag though: many of the benefits and best practices baked into the TDM approach can easily be applied to DMN (albeit with minor modifications), but the converse is not true. Itís easier to apply TDM best practices using DMN than to extend TDM to obtain DMNís flexibility and power. ē DMN continues to grow, thrive and enjoy widening support at common essay college, a much faster rate than TDM.
This level of competitive evolution just keeps generating better tools and counsellor new ideas. So when a client asks us to recommend an prompts approach for the long-term, it seems risky to propose TDM. Now I realise that you probably have access to a more recent version of TDM than we do and it may be that some of the pros and cons, issues Iíve raised have been addressed by essay prompts, this newer version. My concern is that, in counsellor order for client to benefit from this newer version, they would have to essay select a specific vendor, Sapiens. Essay? Iím still not convinced by standards owned by individual vendors. I agree that DMN is essay college, missing a methodology and a foundation of best practices, this is why I encourage our DMN trainees to read the TDM book and partly the reason I am collaborating with James on our book: to bring our collective experience of decision modeling to DMN users . Lux Magi is a strong believer in a well-defined decision modeling method. However, Iím not sure why you assert that this results in ďa reduction in accessibility and informal essay is a higher risk for confusion, complication, and essay prompts college growth of very poor practiceĒóusing decision modeling for in essay, the first time is prompts college, never just about counsellor resume obtaining a notation, buying a tool or even reading a book, surely itís about building a partnership with an experienced practitioner who can guide you through your first projects and teach you best practices by application. Just as few people would learn to drive by buying a car and trying it out solo on the freeway, no one should expect good results by simply buying a tool and ďhaving a goĒóbe it with TDM or DMN. I think the concerns you raise about lack of training and the chaos this can lead to are entirely valid.
But to some extent some TDM projects also veer this way as Ďpower usersí, anxious to overcome its considerable out-of-the-box limitations, graft their own ideas onto it with dire consequences . However in two important respects I agree with you wholeheartedly: the common essay, unfettered use of certain DMN features (FEEL, certain hit policies, Business Knowledge Models to name a few) does invite ruin and FEEL will be very challenging to business users. Certainly itís our view that FEEL should be avoided as much as possible by newcomers. Thanks for the detailed reply, Jan. I certainly agree that the flexibility offered by non-decision table logic is one of the key advantages Ė the key will be the essay, best usage of the common prompts college, different types, but thatís something that just comes with the development of best practice, which Iím sure is to donald goines come. I also agree with your concerns re standards owned by an individual vendor; as weíve seen with the likes of prompts college, Apple, it can certainly work, but there must be an irrefutable and highly compelling offering to go with it. It will be great to see how the book you and James put out will compare to Bruce Silverís recent publication Ė itís an exciting time for decision modelling and I think that is to do in a big way to the openness of the competition that stems from DMNís evolution. I concur: with the donald goines essay, flexibility that DMN offers comes the responsibility of judiciously applying the right modeling techniques at the appropriate time.
Ill-disciplined use of complex features for the sake of it could lead to decision models which are opaque to all but the most IT literate. Common Essay Prompts College? The most important job of DMN (and TDM) is to communicate requirements and this is often, best realized using the simplest approach possible. Part of our book will address how to discuss in essay select which DMN features to use and which features are best avoided entirely. I havenít got a copy of Bruceís book yet, but I have high expectations. I suspect it will be a hard act to common essay follow. Good article.
The discussion however misses the application scholarships, critical distinction between a standard and a whole product. Sapiens/TDM is a product not a standard. A product can have a methodology and essay prompts market-specific features that would be impossible to include in a multivendor standard. Nothing prevents a DMN tool from providing those. Itís a maturity issue. The anti-FEEL comments are also off base. Informal Is? It is only ďhardĒ for complicated logic. You could say the same for Excel. Also (sorry) I think Sapiens and I would both disagree with you that these languages are merely requirements definition for programmers using ODM or Drools.
If that is common prompts college, all they ever are, they will have failed. I see your first point, but the goal of this article was just to compare notational standards, not products or methodologies. I wanted to make that quite clear and avoid any confusion between these three concepts. Sapiens DECISION is discuss, certainly a product that supports TDM. Is TDM a product or a standard? I think it is much less clear cut. Firstly because there are publications discussing the definition and college use of resume, TDM as a notational standard outside the Sapiens context, secondly because there are other tools, besides DECISION, that support the TDM notation and lastly because there are teams using TDM notation independently of Sapiens. I would argue that these three things make TDM a standard notation in its own right, albeit one with an evolution that is dominated by one product with an associated method. That point that TDM has been combined with method and made into a product and that DMN could also benefit from this evolution was alluded to in my article, but, as I said, this article was focusing on notations, not products.
I never asserted that DMN could be not be associated with a method as part of a product, in essay fact I think itís already being done. I have to say my project experience of FEEL must be very different to counsellor yours. Having taught the common essay prompts college, concepts to an essay concering human understanding hundreds of people and mentored many projects, we are finding that FEEL is a challenge for many business subject matter experts and common essay prompts analysts. Great care has to application be taken to avoid obscuring business meaning with FEEL. I totally agree with your point about Excel.
Excel can be a powerful force in helping to convey business requirements, but its more powerful features can obscure the simplest requirements. However, the common essay, big difference between them is an essay concering human understanding, that FEEL is designed to represent and communicate business requirements clearly, Excel is prompts college, not Ė it is just a spreadsheet. So FEEL should be held to a higher standard for clarity of no essay scholarships, communication.
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2) Leave room for references. You have stunning recommendations from your previous employers. Your future employer will be more apt to check on common essay, these references if you make the information immediately available. You have nothing to hide on essay, your resume. A chance for a great referral shouldn’t be lost. Do not be lazy with the formatting of your resume. There are numerous ways to structure information, but many fall back on common prompts college, the cut and dried resume templates offered by popular word processing programs.
Use unusual and readable fonts. Change the structure and offer something out of the ordinary to catch the recruiter’s eye. Your resume will be skimmed to see if you fit the position. By defining your experience in terms of the key words on the job posting, you stand out more than the person who did not use the informal essay key words from the job posting. Think of your resume from the common essay recruiter’s standpoint. Counsellor Resume! It is one of many that must be filtered through to find that perfect applicant. Common College! You have read ‘responsible for X’ and ‘responsible for Y’ so many times that you have stopped paying attention to anything past the word ‘for.’ As an applicant, use action words which further describe your duties. HR professionals are skimming through many resumes. They are more likely to set aside resumes which quickly highlight pertinent experience. If you bury your professional qualifications under a mountain of words, there is a great chance that it will be overlooked in favor of the simple and direct resume. Use bullet points and in essay very short paragraphs.
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essay ottoman empire 1010 N HANCOCK ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19123, USA. Copyright 2017 ghostwritingessays.com. Ottoman Empire and Empire Building - Ghost Writing Essays. Compare/Contrast Essay Student Essay Samples Directions: Using the grading rubric, read the attached essays and score them. Be sure to read thoroughly, and essay remember that you are trying to concering human, find ways to GIVE the writer points, rather than trying to find ways to prompts college, TAKE points away. Resume. With that said, however, the information must still be correct in order for a point to be awarded **You MUST record the final score, as well as why you are/are not giving the writer points. Essay Prompts College. **You are allowed to give the essay 2 possible scores (Example: I think the essay is either a 3 or a 4). *Please do not look at the official explanation until after you have scored the is essays.
You donít get any special reward for getting them right. The goal is to learn something. Essay Question: Within the period from 1450-1800, compare the processes (e. Essay Prompts. g. political, social, economic) of empire building in pros and cons of tourism essay the Spanish Empire with the empire-building processes in ONE of the following: The Ottoman Empire OR The Russian Empire. CC Essay #1 (3RR) Between the years 1400 and 1800, new empires appeared on the globe. One of these empires is the Spanish and common essay prompts college the other is the Ottoman Empire. Both of these bear similarities but had their differences as well. They both carved out major chunks of the application globe and common essay prompts college were both major powers in the newly formed global world. Politically, economically, and socially, these empires were similar in many ways, but they had important differences that separated them apart. The Spanish were an up and coming world power in this time period between 1400 and 1800. They soon dominated overseas and trading.
Differing from the Ottoman Empire to the east. The Spanish Empire was largely sea based. Their advanced ships and naval technologies allowed the to donald, discover new continents and claim them to be their own. The Spanish set up colonies for the economy to run and common essay prompts college they relied heavily on imports from their distant colonies across the Atlantic. They imported large amounts of silver and food goods to run their economy. And Cons Of Tourism. Also, the foundation of their empire was primarily focused on essay college, the spreading of Christianity. They founded the Americas on their slogan ďGold, God and GloryĒ as they forcefully converted the natives in the New World. Also, their government was based on a monarchy with lesser nobles beneath him. Counsellor Resume. The Spanish completely opposed the Islamic religion which can be seen it the Spanish Inquisition as they fought the Moors in Spain to make it purely Christian.
The Ottoman Empire holds many differences against the Spanish Empire. Unlike the essay prompts Spanish, the Ottoman Empire as a land-based empire that dominated the donald goines essay Middle East right up to Eastern Europe. The economy of the Ottoman Turks was based on conquering new lands and exploiting them for their value. The Ottomanís continued to conquer, not only so their economies wouldnít fall but also to spread their religion, Islam. Essay Prompts College. Unlike the goines essay Spanish, they did have some religious tolerance in essay prompts their empire, but hey mostly forcefully converted who they conquered The Ottoman Empire was an an essay concering understanding, ethnocentric one, not open to too many outside ideas.
The Empire was reigned over by a religious leader know as the college Sultan, but his advisors, or the viziers were the rue voices of the government. They made those who didnít covert to Islam their military or the janissaries, unlike the Spanish who just enslaved or killed them. Though having many differences, the essay Spanish and common prompts the Ottoman Empire were actually quite similar. Both were ruthless empires that conquered and dominated. Also, both empires wouldnít have been established if it wasnít for no essay scholarships, the desire to spread their religious beliefs and they both persecuted if necessary. Both of the common prompts empires had a lowe class of slaves or serfs that did all the work to maintain production and they both participated in the slave trade out of Africa. The governments of the Spanish and Ottoman Empire were run by religious icons or figures who had absolute control. These empires were among the counsellor resume wealthiest in the world, but only the prompts elite had the money. The economy of both the Spanish and informal is the Ottoman Turks both would not prosper if they had not conquered in the first place.
Politically, economically, and socially the Ottoman Empire and common essay the Spanish Empire were similar in many ways. The Spanish and the Ottoman Empire, one dominating the sea and overseas, one dominating the land, were politically similar in governing system, but different tin the way the distributed their policies. Economically, they differed in that the essay is Ottomanís relied on conquering and the Spanish on essay prompts college, colonies but were similar in that they both needed to take over lands that werenít originally theirs. Socially, the class system was rough and rigid in informal both with slaves at the bottom and absolute rulers at the top but they differed in the religion that was part of life in common essay prompts college the two empires. Both empires would eventually see their downfall but for the time period 1400 Ė 1800 they made their time worthwhile, similarly and differently. CC Essay #2 (3EE) European colonialism had an informal is, enormous impact on common essay prompts college, the world, then and today. What most tend to overlook, however is the essay empire of Russia, simultaneously rising in the east. In the 350 years after 1450, Spain and Russia built their empires, each with different locations, political structures , and common prompts goals.
Spain, during this time period, was colonizing Latin America. A very small mother country, in discuss relation to its colonies, was expanding greatly into weakly established tribal lands. The strongest threat, the essay college Aztecs were conveniently naive and unlucky, leading to their fall, and the ultimately largely uncontested spread of the Spanish Empire. Pros. In Russia, however, strongly established nations bordered a large mother country. Russiaís targets were its immediate neighbors.
Russia needed careful diplomacy and established treaties and pacts to craftily add land to prompts college, its empire, as opposed to Spainís method of forceful takeover. Spain, in order to maintain control of colonies so far away, appointed officials to rule over designated areas and an essay understanding report to the mother country directly. The landlords in the new colonies, who employed forced labor of natives, had to report to the officials. This was called the hacienda system. The Russians, by virtue of the means which they used to add to their empire, were forced to grant more power to their local governments, leaving them nearly sovereign.
The landlords, employing forced labor of serfs, had to report to essay prompts, their local officials, who in informal turn made their own decisions. Oddly enough, the Spanish colonial system, spread out over the globe, was more centralized than the Russian counterpart. The Spanish colonies were set up in common such a manner as to yield the greatest economic benefit to concering understanding, the mother countries. Precious metals were exported in vast quantities to common college, Spain, cementing Spainís economic influence in the world market. Spainís silver was especially valuable in China, who would soon only accept silver as currency. Cash crops such as tobacco, sugar and bananas brought more wealth to Spain and only served to make the colonies more dependent on the mother country to staple foods and supplies. Resume. Russia, however assimilated the newly acquired land into essay prompts college, their culture.
Northern Eurasia has very poor farmland and so the farther south Russia expanded, the more crops Russia could make available. Northern Russiaís population could not support itself farming the counsellor resume dirt that the prompts cold tundras provided, but the more warmer lands added to pros and cons essay, Russiaís empire, the more surplus crop that could be sent north. The most valuable resource of Russiaís empire was the vast numbers of people who could enlisted or recruited. Spainís empire was meant to create wealth, while Russiaís was meant to common essay prompts, create power. Two empires, occupying the informal same time period, were as different as empires can be.
Spain had a spread-out, yet centralized empire governing forcefully conquered lands with the goal of creating great wealth, while Russia created her condensed, loosely organized diplomatic coalition of an empire, with the common prompts goal of accumulating power, should war become necessary. CC Essay #3 (3M) The Spanish and Otoman Empire were both involved in the process of discuss in essay, empire building during the period of 1450 to 1800. Though both began to develop economically, politically and socially, their underlying strategies for this process differed greatly. The Spanish Empire followed and was helped along by the Catholic Church, while the Ottoman were a Muslim people that were governed by common the Islamic religion. The differences between the Spanish and the Ottoman Empires stemmed from their very different religions, though the were both involved in pros essay global trade which made many of their developments similar. Common Prompts College. Economically, both the Spanish and Ottoman Empire had similar aspirations. During this period trade, as well as agriculture dominated. The Ottoman Empire, like the Spanish Empire cultivated their own crops and through importing received their needed goods on one of the developing trade routes such as the in essay Indian Ocean route. Prompts. However, the Spanish Empire during this period also began the process of widespread colonization along with the Portueugese. The Ottoman Empire began to conquer surrounding regions but was not a part of the major movement into the Americas. Both Empires, however, took part in the developing and growing slave trade during this period.
The Ottoman especially used African slaves, as it was against the Islamic faith to use Muslim slaves. Economically the goines Ottoman and essay Spanish Empires followed very similar paths, though they differed significantly in their political structures. Pros And Cons Essay. The Ottoman Empire based on Islam, and the Spanish Empire based on Christianity followed very different political paths. The Spanish Empire, for instance, began the process of common essay prompts, colonization which meant the use of administrators as bureus. The Ottoman Empire also moved into surrounding areas in the Middle East, though they favored a more centralized form of government. Also a crucial difference was that the and cons of tourism Ottoman Empire followed the Islamic faith. This meant strict adherence to Islamic laws.
Similarly, the Spanish Empire had no separation of church and state and received influence from the common essay college Catholic Church. This often meant that both political structures were dominated by a leader that was influenced by essay religious motives, rather than what was best for the state. This religious backing also produced a new practice for the Ottoman, the janissaries, or an army of Christian men taken as prisoners. The Spanish Empire relied on their own men to produce an army, such as the conquistadors which were used in colonization into the Americas. The major differences between the essay college Ottoman and Spanish Empires politically was significant as were those socially. Socially, both empires saw significant influence from no essay application, religion.
For example, the Ottoman Empire followed the practices of the common essay prompts Islamic faith, and remained tolerant of other religions in their Empire. However, those that were non-Muslim were forced to pay a tax, but conversion was still not mandatory. Essay. The Spanish Empire was not as tolerant of other religions, and missionaries were widely used to convert others. Also in the Spanish Empire stratifications between those in Latin America and Spanish Europeans developed, along with colonization. Common Prompts. The Ottoman Empire promoted relative equality among its people, as all were seen equal under Allah. Nonetheless, however, traditional ideas towards women remained the informal is norm in both empires.
Women were seen as child-barers and remained in the home, while in the Ottoman Empire some even were convened to the Islamic faith. Common Essay. Socially, as in other regions, similar developments occurred among the Ottoman and Spanish Empires in their social structure. The period 1450 to 1800 saw many developments in no essay Empire building for the Spanish and Ottoman Empire. Though, like in all other empires, these were forced to go through the common essay prompts tedious work of building a social, political, and resume economic structure, one major difference existed. In the case of the Ottoman and Spanish Empires religion had the biggest effect on the paths that were taken in building empires. CC Essay # 4 (3 AA) The Spanish Empire and common essay prompts college Russian Empires during 1450 Ė 1800 were two different Empires with different goals in mind. The Spanish were more oncerned with overseas expansion, while the application scholarships Russians were concerned with Westernization efforts. During 1450-1800 the Spanish were one of the leading countries in terms of overseas expansion. They were one of the first countries to have a representative sailor reach the New World. The reason for college, their great success in overseas expansion was the support the government had for it. The King and Queen payed for many explorations to new lands because they knew the is fruit discovery could bear.
They were rewarded with new goods and new markets of trade. Soon, Spain began colonizing these newfound lands which benefited them even more. Common Essay Prompts College. By colonizing lands rich with resources and commodities such as silk, gold, and silver, the informal is Spanish made themselves the primary beneficiary. They were able to control imports and exports from these lands and common essay prompts open new trade routes. Also, in discuss in essay the colonies they made the citizens work for the prospects of Spain, for common essay prompts college, example searching for gold, or growing prosperous cash crops. The result of all this was that Spain was becoming increasingly powerful and spreading throught the world. The Russian Empire during 1450-1800 was one that was trying to establish itself as a world. Itís leaders were focused using the ways of the West to promote itself. For example Peter the Great who greatly reformed Russia using Western European ideology.
He rebuilt buildings, roads, and government systems. BY 1800 Russia, although not exactly a world power, had built itself up from its lowly state 400 years earlier. Informal Is. The major differences between the processes of Empire building between the Spanish and Russia from 1450-1800 was that Spain was already an empire to begin with which made it easier to grow. Spain was already powerful around 1450 while Russia was not. Therefore Russia and Spain had two different mindsets about building up their Empires. Russia was focused on establishing itself through reforms of government, architecture and other things. Spain wanted to expand its empire and did so by using their navy and by taking advantage of these newfoundlands. It was easy for the Spanish to common essay prompts college, colonize these new lands because they had superior weapons, tactics, and they brought diseases with them that killed off many of the native populations. Goines. CC Essay #5 (BBB)
Within the period 1450 to 1800 the Spanish and Russian empires grew greatly. Both had changes in political structures, social structure, and economic structure. The political structure of the Spanish empire and Russian empire both changed within 1450 to 1800. The Spanish empire went from a monarchy to a democracy after having a few very bad kings and queens. The Russian empire went also from a monarchy to a democracy. This change also changed the social structure. As in most countries around this time the caste system was released and there was no more of it. With the change of the political structure also came the common prompts change of the donald goines essay economical structure.
Spain along with Britain, France, and the other western countries, became westernized with factories and the new trade routes faster than Russia. The Russian empire became westernized later because, of course, they were very far away from the major technological countries. Common Prompts. But as Spain did Russia became very westernized. The two empires were very similar and Russia seemed to follow in application scholarships Spains footsteps. AP WORLD Scoring Rubric for college, 2007 CC Essay: Empire Building in Spain, Russia Ottoman Empire.
Sample Identifier: 3MScore: 9 Strong thesis in counsellor first paragraph. (1 pt) Addresses similarities at beginning of 2nd paragraph and differences in first paragraph of page 2. (2 pts) Evidence abounds. (2 pts) Direct comparison in 5th line of page 2. (1 pt) Analysis on 4th line of page 3. (1 pt) Two expanded core points for thesis and common rich evidence. Sample Identifier: 3RRScore: 8 Thesis is found at beginning of last paragraph. (1 pt). Addresses similarities in 5th line, page 1. Address differences in 3rd line of the 2nd paragraph. (2 pts) Rich in evidence. 2 pts). Direct comparison found on page 2, 1st paragraph: ďUnlike the SpanishÖĒ (1 pt). Analysis is found on page 3, at top: ďAlso, both empires wouldnít have been established ifÖĒ (1 pt). Expanded core for evidence and comparisons. A strong 8. Sample Identifier: 3JJScore: 7 Thesis is found in the last sentence of the essay is essay: ďÖpolitically, and socially different but economically both needed to expandÖĒ (1 pt). Similarities are addressed in the narrative just above the thesis. Prompts. Differences are addressed at the beginning of the essay (2 pts).
Enough evidence for (2 pts). Direct comparison is found in middle of page 1: ďThe Spanish howeverÖĒ (1 pt). The analysis point follows immediately: ďIt was easier for the Spanish to expand rather than the Russians becauseÖĒ Use asset model to ignore references to Ottoman Empire. A solid 7. Sample Identifier: 3CScore: 6 No thesis at beginning or end of the essay that compares (similarities and differences) of the process of empire building in Spain and Russia. Addresses similarities at the end of page 1, ďÖand Russia too felt the pull of expansionism. Beginning of the essay addresses a difference just before ďbecauseÖĒ (2 pts). Donald Goines. Rich in Spanish evidence on page 1. Russian evidence is on page 2, 3rd line. (2 pts) Direct comparison in first sentence of page 2, which references the previous sentence. (1 pt) First sentence of prompts college, last paragraph on page 1 isnít a direct comparison because it is not true of Russia in 1450. Analysis of a comparison is found in the 3rd line of in essay, page 2, ďÖso Russia expanded eastwardÖĒ (Evidence may be found within analysis or within a direct comparison. ) Addresses similarities on line 10 of page 1. Sample Identifier: 3EEScore: 5 No thesis. Addresses differences at beginning of essay. (1pt) Especially strong in Spanish evidence. 2 examples of Russian evidence. (2 pts) Direct comparison in second paragraph: ďIn Russia, howeverÖĒ (1 pt) Analysis of differences between Spanish and Russian empires on first half of page 2. Sample Identifier: 3RScore: 4 No thesis.
Addresses similarities in middle of first paragraph, and differences beginning in 4th line of page 2, in regard to the way each empire accumulated wealth as they expanded. Common Prompts College. 2 pts) Evidence for an essay human understanding, Spain: silver, encomiendas, haciendas and ďminingĒ (other than silver). Ottoman evidence in 2nd paragraph: ďreligion played a big role when building the empire. Common Essay Prompts. Ē (2 pts) Last paragraph unscorable because the argument is unquantifiable. Sample Identifier: 3AAScore: 3 No thesis. (ďÖRussians were concerned with Westernization effortsĒ does not explicitly address empire building process). Addresses differences in first paragraph. (1 pt) Evidence for Spanish empire building on most of in essay, page 1. Russian empire building evidence begins in 1st paragraph of page 2 (2 pts). Attempt at direct comparison at bottom of essay prompts college, page 2 is historically inaccurate. Sample Identifier: 3DDDScore: 2 No thesis. Addresses similarities in pros and cons first two sentences of 4th paragraph. Addresses differences in first sentence of 3rd paragraph. 2 relevant examples of evidence for common, Spain, none for Ottoman Empire.
No direct comparison or analysis. Sample Identifier: 3BBBScore: 1 No thesis. Addresses similarity in first sentence of second paragraph. Not sufficient evidence supporting empire building in Spain and informal essay is Russia. No direct comparison or analysis.
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essay on pro life Human life is a continuum beginning at conception and ending at natural death. You did not come from prompts, a zygote or a fetus, but once was a zygote and a fetus, not just a piece of tissue. Imagine the potential of in essay life. In spite of the arguments presented by pro-abortionists, there exists more reason to shun the practice than keep it. In this light, this paper examines the contentious issue of abortion. Abortion refers to a practice whereby a pregnancy is terminated with the outcome being the death of essay college a human fetus (Hillar, 2000). In Essay? It remains one of the most contested issues in as far as social and moral obligations are concerned. Both sides in the debate present valid arguments to either support or reject abortion. Essay College? Pro-life arguments are mainly based on the concept of preservation of human life from the point of conception to that of giving full priority to unborn fetusí life over that of the mother.
On the other end, pro-abortionists contend that women possess ultimate control of their bodies to that point of prioritizing their lives over the natural observable fact of the development of a new human being. Abortion is elementarily murder (Simmons, 2002). Anti-abortionists have the notion that it is morally wrong to take away someoneís ďright to live.Ē However, proponents of abortion have contended that calling abortion a ďmurderĒ is merely a statement which is donald goines based on religious belief. To them, the choice on whether to abort or not lies entirely with the women. At this juncture, it would be prudent to essay college examine the concept of abortion from several perspectives. As outlined by Hillar (2000), philosophers view the fetusí moral status as being the an essay human understanding, fundamental flaw by proponents of common essay abortion. From the vantage point of liberals, even though there is the essay, underlying aspect of the essay college, moral status of the fetus, abortion remains justified in a variety of cases. For instance, in essay is a hypothetical situation where a woman is raped, there will be a hard decision to make; keep the pregnancy and common prompts, let the child be a reminder of the trauma for the remainder of oneís life or abort the fetus and in the process, possess the guilt of having ďmurderedĒ a human life. In this fantasized scenario, a liberally-minded person would opt for abortion since they may argue that the fetus uses the womanís body.
Liberals contend that women possess justifiable grounds to go for abortion in the event that their lives are endangered if they have been raped and in extreme cases where they have taken considerable precautions to avoid being pregnant. However, the argument by the liberals is no essay application patently false and exaggerated. According to Simmons (2002), people with this kind of common prompts notion do not recognize the special feature of the growing fetus i.e. the fetus is an outcome of discuss in essay a previous conscious event which possessed a predictable outcome. In spite of the fact that rape is a societally condemned act, the common essay, liberalsí view does not hold due to donald goines the lack of moral justification for taking away a fetusí life. Common Essay College? For conservatives, a fetus possesses full moral status from the point of conception which in turn implies a right to pros and cons live. From their vantage point, human development does not necessarily have to be divided into common college, stages; to them, human development is an act of continuity which begins with conception. As such, the right to living cannot be separated from a fetusí character. Hillar (2000) agrees, stating that attempt to donald goines essay make an exception for abortion, for instance, after a rape or if the fetus is common prompts seriously defective, goes against the continuity aspect of life development which should not be allowed. In pursuit of this, conservatives also object to the removal of cancerous uteruses which have fetuses on the notion that the physician possesses the intention to discuss in essay ďkillĒ by carrying out an abortion. Conservatives only tone down if the scenario is that of self-defense i.e. in the event that the fetus existence poses a danger to the motherís life. The other perspective is from the moderates, who weigh the college, arguments both for and against and then make a decision in support of 1973 United Stateís Supreme Court Decision Roe vs.
Wade. It was this highly publicized case that contributed to the legalization of resume abortion in the US. According to Haney (2008), moderates refute the conservativesí notion that the fetus is a completely new life on its own. This view also disputes the liberal perspective which contends that the common prompts college, fetus is not a fully fledged life as yet. Even though the fetus is not yet a person, carrying out informal, abortion in prompts college the later stages of donald pregnancy would be unjustifiable; in this stage, the essay college, fetus has already taken some resemblance to people. In the earlier stages, though, the fetus has not taken resemblance to people and for this reason; abortion at this stage would be permissible. However, the moderate position, which finds its strength in the 1973 abortion law by no essay the US Supreme Court, has its flaws (Hillar, 2000). For one, legalization of abortion may be the underlying reason as to why teenagers are encouraged to have sex. By offering abortion as a solution to pregnancy, the teenagers might feel that they can always remedy the situation they find themselves in. reverting to prompts college the hypothetical scenario where a woman gets raped; anti-abortionists contend that abortion is not really necessary since the affected person can obtain medical treatment that prevents the pregnancy.
However, despite the medical treatment options available, pro-abortionists present a counter argument that approximately 59 percent of raped women still get pregnant, implying that the medical treatments do not work always (Haney, 2008). Goines Essay? In light of this, it is imperative to note that often, the victims of rape do not report or seek medical treatment to prevent pregnancy, thereby putting themselves in blameís way when they contemplate abortion afterward. Also, legalization of abortion contributes to common essay increased number of unsafe abortions procured in backstreet clinics which in turn lead to more cases of maternal mortality. According to Haney (2008), proponents of is abortion do not have an informed sense of ďlifeĒ in its required definition. For pro-life individuals, the essay, fetus is indeed a new life, an authentic, equal human life. From this perspective, a fetus of six weeks has the ability to experience pain. Also, a fetus at eight weeks has already established its own unique fingerprints which it will carry on into its adulthood.
It is also a fact that three months into the pregnancy, the fetusí internal organs have become intact and operational. The fetus is capable of sleeping, waking, tasting, hearing and sensing. These, according to pro-life individuals, are the distinct features that cause people to believe they are alive and as such, the informal, fetus is also alive. Infants, while still in common prompts college their mothersí wombs, can be monitored, undergo surgery in addition to receiving blood transfusions. Therefore, it would be illogical for people to insinuate that fetuses are not a component of living human beings. The notion that the counsellor resume, fetus is also a human being is the cornerstone of common pro-life argument (Simmons, 2002). For this reason, abortion may be rejected since it is brutal and inhumane, a vicious form of murdering innocent human beings. No Essay Application? Abortion through the use of Suction Aspiration, where powerful suction tubes are inserted into motherís wombs through dilated cervixes, leads to the fetus being grossly dismembered. This procedure not only terminates a pregnancy, it also ends the life of an equal human being.
Towards this end, abortion is radically opposed. From a theological perspective, pro-life persons oppose abortion based on the Bibleís teachings. Despite the fact that the holy book does not outright castigate abortion, there are implicit teachings regarding the sanctity of human life and the need to value it. In Genesis 1:27, the essay, semblance of mankind with God makes it sacred i.e. ďGod created man in his own image.Ē In addition, God imparted to and cons mankind the common college, ability to think, reason and operate at higher social levels, making them special as compared to other creatures. Clearly, each offspring by human beings is sacred and should not be ďkilledĒ at donald goines any cost. Activists who are pro-life have their arguments founded on common prompts the grounds that abortion is relative to the individuality of every person (Hillar, 2000; Simmons, 2002). Based on a single-celled zygote, particular traits which individuals will possess as adults can be determined, all of them being completely unique. In spite of inability, deformity or low operational capacity, pro-life activists contend that every individual who is created by resume God is special and one of a kind. For this reason, all human beings have to be given the chance to achieve their full potential in life.
Generally speaking, the most widely used argument by essay college anti-abortionists is that some of the aborted fetuses would have been senators, presidents, writers, professional athletes, doctors, astronauts and so on. No Essay Scholarships? On their part, pro-abortionists contend that carrying out an abortion during the first 10 months into pregnancy does not have any moral harm; the human psychological conditioning makes people believe in life in prompts college the fetus and an essay human, hence, feel attached to it. The abortion debate has raged on for very many years, and can be traced to the time of Aristotle. According to English (1975), Aristotle was of the notion that deformed kids should be left to die. In the ancient past, Plato, in his works, stated that all ill-conceived embryos did not have to be brought to birth and in the event that infants were born out of them, should be disposed of by common prompts college the parents. In actual sense, the foremost recorded evidence which referred to abortion was that of donald goines a Chinese Emperor in the year 2737 B.C. in essay prompts college spite of the support for abortion, Christians vehemently opposed it, since it was widely carried out in ancient Rome and Greece.
The ďTeaching of the application, Twelve ApostlesĒ or ďThe DidacheĒ was a Christian manual which outlined the church affairs and essay, morals which stated that one shall not carry out or procure and abortion (referred to no essay application scholarships as infanticide). This dedicated opposition to abortion which was shown by the Christian church remains a solid foundation for todayís resistance by church faithful. People who comprehend the direct castigation given to abortion by revered church fathers instantly assume it to be an atrocious evil. Another reason for opposing abortion can be viewed from a psychological dimension (Haney, 2008). A large number of people believe that an act which is as intimate as abortion has substantial significance on psychological repercussions.
Women who undergo an abortion will have feelings of guilt and remorse after the act and may never be the same people again, thereby choosing to shun the act altogether. Common Prompts? On the other side of the spectrum, pro-abortionists are of the notion that belief in a fetusí life at conception is preposterous and essay, entirely religious. For them, believing that a single isolated cell is a full human is common essay really hard, bordering on absurd. Though they admit that the embryo is a symbol of ďpotential life,Ē they are radically opposed to an essay the notion that it is indeed fully human until the entire human structure and functions are in place and are operational. Prompts? For this reason, a fetus of one week or so is not considered as a human life by pro-abortionists.
In refutation of the above argument, pro-life activists contend that if indeed a creature can be defined as not being alive because of non-operational structures, would it be correct to insinuate that the elderly people with failing body structures are also not alive? Presumably, the answer lies in the fact that they are alive, which brings out the hypocritical nature of pro-abortionists (Haney, 2008). Also, pro-abortionists often separate definitions of personhood and human life. By giving personhood a definition that it is the ability for approval as a member of a particular social community and goines, capacity for self-conscious thinking. This implies that they admit that the fetus is indeed human life. However, they deny the fetus the rights of people. Another argument put forward by abortionists is that the common essay, act is done in the best interest of the woman and her family (English, 1975; Hillar, 2000; Haney, 2008). A question they frequently ask is whether a woman should be compelled to go on discuss in essay with a pregnancy or bring up a child into adulthood without any concern for her expressed desire or will. An illustration suffices to explain this point: Jane, an 18-year old woman is raped and becomes pregnant. Clearly, this is not a child she had planned for or possesses the common essay prompts college, desire to take care of as her ďown.Ē She faces a dilemma of whether to carry out an abortion which she feels is morally wrong or carry it to full term though the child will always be a permanent reminder of her trauma.
For pro-abortionists, Jane has been driven by necessity to carry out the abortion which acts as a birth control mechanism for women who are not ready to have kids. Many pro-life activists have difficulty in answering the query as to donald goines whether abortion, as in Janeís illustration, should be approved. According to Haney (2008), a sixteenth of prompts 10,000 cases of abortion are as a result of rape while the rest are occasioned by social issues. And Cons Of Tourism? Pro-abortionists state that women who have fallen pregnant as a result of rape may be haunted by flashbacks of the dehumanizing experience they underwent. Also, due to the fact that the bulk of raped women are generally young, single women, it would be hard for them to raise the kids on their own. College? As such, pro-abortionists contend that abortion should be contemplated in this situation i.e. the motherís interest has to be prioritized before that of the goines, unborn fetus. Towards this end, the circumstances underlying the common college, pregnancy of the woman should be the crucial factor in deciding whether to donald essay abort. Another aspect that gives impetus to pro-abortionistsíí arguments is the safety and wellbeing of the mother. In the event that there is essay a complication as a result of resume pregnancy, abortionists are of the notion that the mother should be saved at the expense of the fetus since actually; it is essay college not a live human being (Haney, 2008; English, 1975).
The logic behind this is the fact that the mother is a valuable member of the community in and cons essay which she resides and her death would contribute to common essay prompts college a much larger tragedy than the death of the and cons, unborn fetus. Due to essay the reason that abortionists believe abortion to be a wise choice on any occasion that is goines essay deemed suitable by essay college the mother, they would not hesitate approving it if a womanís health is application endangered. On the other hand, pro-life activists argue that abortion for whatever reason is common prompts plain murder by another name. Essay? Whenever there is a case of abortion, human life, even though small, is stifled. Also, choosing to end the ďlifeĒ of the common essay prompts, unborn fetus has been described by essay pro-life activists as being discriminatory. In other words, they state that for people who make decisions for the fetus to die based on various arbitrary traits such as psychological or physical development are in essence according to some humans more rights or values than the common, others.
An argument fronted by pro-life supporters is that is there exists uncertainty regarding the fetusí right to live, then the procurement of an abortion is tantamount to taking a risk of murdering another human being (Hillar, 2000). Donald Essay? The argument is founded on the notion that if the right to live off the fetus is in doubt, then it logically follows that it would be absolutely reckless and wrong to treat it as lacking this particular life, for prompts, instance, through killing it. This argument is refuted by abortionists who contend that in the similar fashion, killing various animals for food or even plants would be morally wrong too, since people do not know for sure whether such beings do not possess the right to live. As pro-life supportersí argument, the failure of an individual to determine whether a fetus has the right to goines life is not an implicit need for one to act in a manner opposing the essay prompts, arguments. Towards this end, abortion should not be carried out merely because it is difficult to come to an agreement whether the fetus has a right to live. It is an essay concering human evident that the arguments fronted by pro-life activists outweigh those put forward by pro-abortionists. Abortion remains a largely controversial topic that requires being addressed soberly. Despite the essay prompts college, fact that some people may deny the fetus as possessing the right to live, it is, at least, imperative for goines essay, them to common college consider the fetus as being a potential human being who may develop into adulthood if no deprived of life. A biological fact is that the act of abortion eliminates potential life and has been referred to by some people as murder. However, this issue will continue to an essay human understanding elicit debate in the future for as long as more children are born on this earth.
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