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Archived #8212; Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement. Prologue Essay! Archived information is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of editing paper, Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available. Electronic Commerce Protection Regulations. An Act to promote the efficiency and adaptability of the Canadian economy by and juliet essay regulating certain activities that discourage reliance on electronic means of carrying out commercial activities, and to amend the Canadian Radio-television and kingdom, Telecommunications Commission Act, the Competition Act, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act and romeo essay, the Telecommunications Act. Submitted for Consideration for Final approval following pre-publication on January 5, 2013 . Minister of how to, Industry. Electronic Commerce Protection Regulations. Key terms used in and juliet prologue Canada's Anti-spam Legislation Footnote 1 (CASL) need to be defined in how to order to provide clarity and legal certainty to effectively combat spam and other related electronic threats in Canada, and to provide relief to businesses through targeted exclusions where the broad application of the Act would otherwise discourage reliance on electronic means of carrying out commercial activities. Unsolicited commercial electronic messages#8212;known as spam#8212;have become a significant social and romeo, economic issue, and a drain on the business and personal productivity of Canadians. Spam now makes up over 80% of global email traffic, imposing significant costs on businesses and consumers.
Spam impedes the efficient use of electronic messages for personal and business communications and threatens the growth and essays, acceptance of legitimate e-commerce. Romeo Prologue Essay! In addition, related electronic threats such as phishing, malware, botnets, identity theft, and and science, online scams have become more sophisticated and widespread, giving rise to a new generation of electronic threats that engage activities such as the installation of romeo prologue, computer programs and altering transmission data. Essay On Usage While! Canada's Anti-spam Legislation was tabled as Bill C-28 on May 25, 2010 and was granted Royal Assent on December 15, 2010 . With passage of romeo and juliet essay, CASL and its regulations, Canada will become a leader in anti-spam legislation among member countries of the Organisation for photsynthesis, Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The general purpose of Canada's Anti-spam Legislation (CASL) is to romeo encourage the essay while driving growth of electronic commerce by ensuring confidence and trust in the online marketplace. To do so, the Act prohibits damaging and romeo and juliet essay, deceptive spam, spyware, malicious code, botnets, and other related network threats. Subsection 64(1) of CASL identifies matters to kingdom be addressed by the Governor in Council through Regulations. The objective of these Regulations is to avoid legal uncertainty when interpreting key terms in the anti-spam provisions of the Act and to provide exclusions for romeo and juliet, certain business activities outside the intended scope of the Act . The Electronic Commerce Protection Regulations include regulations under six regulatory powers in the Act . Phasing in Canada's Anti-spam Legislation. In order to permit a reasonable amount of time for businesses and consumers to become both aware of and compliant with these Regulations, most of CASL and editing checklist paper, these Regulations will come into effect on July 1, 2014 . To facilitate compliance with the provisions in CASL related to computer programs, these sections of the Act and romeo essay, the provision related to essay while computer programs in the Regulations, will come into force on January 15, 2015 . To further reduce uncertainty for prologue essay, Canadian business regarding how CASL will be interpreted the Private Right of on usage while, Action will be enacted three years from the initial scheduled enactment of CASL, on July 1, 2017 . The Act requires that the meaning of prologue, personal relationship and family relationship be set out in software engineering research paper Regulations to provide legal certainty as to which relationships will be excepted from the romeo and juliet anti-spam provisions of the peer editing research Act . The terms are defined in order to establish limits and to prevent potential spammers from exploiting these concepts in order to send electronic messages without consent.
The Regulations define family relationship for the purposes of CASL in a broad manner that is in keeping with Canadian law. Romeo And Juliet! The definition is a relationship between two people related through a marriage, a common law partnership, or any legal parent-child relationship, who have had direct, voluntary two-way communications. The Regulations define personal relationship for the purposes of CASL. The definition is a relationship between two people who have had direct, voluntary two-way communications where it would be reasonable to conclude that the relationship is essay on usage while personal. Determining whether the relationship is personal would be based on a non-exhaustive list of and juliet prologue essay, factors provided in the Regulation.
Limited exclusions for on literature and science, certain types of messages. Since it applies broadly to all commercial electronic messages (CEMs), the Act could capture a significant portion of business to business communications. Under the Act , Regulations can be created to exclude certain types of messages from the requirements of the Act . To ensure regular business communications are not unnecessarily regulated under the Act , the Regulations provide exclusions from all requirements of the Act for and juliet, commercial electronic messages that are: sent within an peaceable kingdom essays organization; or sent between organizations that already have a relationship, where the message concerns the activities of the organization to which the message is sent. In addition, the Regulations provide exclusions from all requirements of the romeo Act for commercial electronic messages that are: sent on quality engineering research paper, platforms where the required identification and unsubscribe information is conspicuously published and readily available to the recipient on the user interface, where duplication in each message would be needlessly repetitious; sent and received within limited access secure and confidential accounts to which only the provider of the account can send messages, such as banking websites; solicited or sent in response to complaints, inquiries, and requests; sent due to and juliet essay a legal or juridical obligation or to on literature enforce a right, legal or juridical obligation, court order, judgment or tariff; to provide notice of an romeo existing or pending right, legal or juridical obligation, court order, judgment or tariff; or to enforce a right arising under a law of Canada, of a province or municipality of Canada, or of peaceable, a foreign state. sent by or on behalf of registered charities for prologue essay, fundraising purposes; or sent by or on on literature and science, behalf of a political party or organization, or a person who is a candidate#8212;as defined in an Act of romeo essay, Parliament or the legislature of a province#8212;for publicly elected office and the message has as its primary purpose soliciting a contribution as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Canada Elections Act . The provision of CASL that addresses sending CEMs only applies where the essay on usage of cellphones while driving CEM is and juliet prologue sent from Canada or accessed in Canada. It does not apply when the CEM is simply routed through Canada. To reduce regulatory duplication in situations where CEMs are sent from kingdom Canada to other states that have their own regulatory requirements, the Regulations exempt messages sent from Canada to any of the states listed in prologue Schedule 1 of the Regulations that have their own anti-spam legislation, as long as the commercial electronic messages comply with those laws which address conduct that is substantially similar to conduct prohibited under section 6 of the Act . The exemption applies where the person who sends the message or causes or permits it to be sent reasonably believes the message will be accessed in a foreign state that is listed in the schedule to the Regulations. The Regulations provide an exclusion for third party referrals. These are situations where there is an existing relationship (personal, family, business, or non-business) between a person (such as an agent or business), and an individual (such as an existing client), and the existing client refers a prospective client to the agent or person by providing the prospective client's electronic address information. The existing client making the referral must have an existing relationship (personal, family, business, or non-business) with the prospective client that they are referring to the agent.
The Regulation permits the agent or business to quality research send a single message to the prospective client, as long as the romeo and juliet prologue essay agent has both provided the prospective client with the full name of the individual who made the referral, and has included the photsynthesis site identification and unsubscribe requirements as set out in the Act . There are a variety of other ways referral marketing can continue to occur under CASL without the use of the romeo exclusion. Quality Engineering Research! For example, the individual making the referral may provide the agent's contact information to the prospective client, so they can contact the agent themselves; or the person making the referral may ask the prospective client for their consent to have the agent contact them directly. Membership in a club, association or voluntary organization. The Act indicates that an existing non-business relationship includes membership, as defined in the Regulations, in a club, association or voluntary organization, as defined in the Regulations. The Regulations define membership as having been accepted as a member in accordance with the membership requirements of the organization. The Regulations also define club, association or voluntary organization as a non-profit organization that is organized and operated exclusively for social welfare, civic improvement, pleasure or recreation or for any other purpose than profit, if no part of the income of which was payable to, or otherwise available for the personal benefit of any proprietor, member or shareholder of that organization unless the proprietor, member or shareholder is an organization the primary purpose of which is the promotion of amateur athletics in romeo and juliet prologue Canada. Sharing contact lists with unknown third parties.
In addition to photsynthesis interactive requiring the collection of consent for sending CEMs, CASL also allows businesses to seek consent to romeo allow other businesses to send CEMs, even where those other businesses are not yet identified when the consent is sought. The unknown third party Regulation establishes requirements for the collection, and use of consent to allow such unidentified third parties to send CEMs. For example, a gym might seek consent from a client to send them CEMs and, in addition, it might seek consent from that client to essay on usage while allow other businesses to romeo send their own CEMs to that client, such as local clothing or health food stores. The basic principle for the use of an unknown third party consent is that any time a third party business uses that consent, they must provide the opportunity for the recipient to withdraw consent from all third parties. Specifically, the Regulations require that the recipient ( i.e. the individual who provided consent) must have the ability to unsubscribe from third party messages, and the mechanism allowing them to do so must be within the CEMs they receive from those third parties.
This requires that businesses using this form of consent to send CEMs must be able to alert the software research original requester that the recipient's consent to receive messages from unidentified third parties is withdrawn. The Regulations further provide that when consent to romeo and juliet receive messages from a third party has been withdrawn by the individual, the how to original requestor must notify each third party to whom the essay consent was provided that the how to with consent has been withdrawn. To extend the above example, suppose a gym seeks the consent of a client to have some local businesses send messages to her, but does not identify those businesses when seeking consent. Later, the gym provides the client's contact information to a local food store and allows it to send a CEM to the client. The Act requires that the store identifies itself and and juliet prologue essay, provides an unsubscribe mechanism, as required when sending any CEM. In addition, since the software paper message is sent with consent obtained by the gym, these Regulations require that the food store also identify the gym and essay, provide an unsubscribe mechanism that allows the client to withdraw the consent they provided to the gym allowing third parties to send them CEMs.
If the client contacts the food store to completely withdraw their original consent, given to peaceable the gym, to romeo and juliet prologue essay receive CEMs from unidentified third parties, the food store must advise the gym of the withdrawal of consent, then the gym is required to notify each of the businesses to editing checklist paper which they already provided consent of that withdrawal of consent. Romeo Prologue! Specifying the conditions under which consent to receive unsolicited commercial electronic messages can be provided to third parties provides individuals with further control over the use of their electronic addresses. The purpose of these provisions is to ensure that the person who obtains consent on behalf of an unidentified third party remains responsible for ensuring that the person who gave consent has an effective and begin an essay with, simple means of withdrawing their consent to receive messages from unidentified third parties. Some stakeholders expressed concern that these Regulations would require third parties to prologue allow the essay on usage recipient to withdraw their consent to receive messages directly from the person who acquired the third party consent. To be clear, there is no requirement for the third parties to provide the opportunity to withdraw consent from all commercial messages directly from the person who acquired consent; the romeo prologue essay requirement is essays limited to removal of consent to romeo receive messages from peaceable third parties. In the context of the above example, the gym has an existing business relationship with the client as well as their express consent to send them CEMs from the gym. In its electronic messages, the food store is not required to provide an unsubscribe mechanism that would allow the client to stop receiving CEMs from the gym, although they could choose to do so. They are only required to provide mechanisms allowing the client to unsubscribe from further CEMs flowing from the consent that allowed messages from unknown third parties, i.e. from the food store and from further CEMs from other unidentified third parties associated with the gym. Installation of computer programs.
The Act introduces requirements when installing software on another person's computer system, but only in and juliet essay the course of commercial activity, a defined term that excludes public safety and other purposes. Specifically, the Act requires the express consent of the owner or authorized user of a computer system before a computer program is quality engineering paper installed, and specifies the form consent must take in different circumstances. The Act further provides that a person is considered to consent to the installation of certain listed types of programs. The Regulations add to this list of programs, creating a limited exclusion from the requirement to seek express consent. This form of deemed consent applies as long as a person's conduct is such that it is reasonable to believe that they consent to romeo prologue essay the program's installation.
The Regulations provide deemed consent for any companies or individuals who together or independently provide a telecommunications service, defined in the Act as a Telecommunications Service Provider (TSP), to install a computer program for interactive, the limited purposes of protecting the security of all or part of romeo, its network from editing paper a current and identifiable threat to its availability, reliability, efficiency, or optimal use. The Regulations also provide deemed consent for TSPs to and juliet prologue install software on kingdom essays, devices across all or part of a network for update and upgrade purposes. As noted above, CASL defines TSPs to and juliet essay be any person who together or independently provide telecommunications services. These services include features of services delivered by means of telecommunications facilities including network routers and servers, regardless whether the provider owns, leases or has any interest in or right to the equipment and software used to provide the photsynthesis site telecommunications service. The Regulations also provide deemed consent for any company or person to essay install programs that are necessary to photsynthesis site correct a failure in the operation of a computer system or a computer program that is already installed. This will allow software providers to romeo prologue take positive steps to ensure the safe and proper functioning of essay while, their computer programs and the systems they operate on, consistent with consumer expectations. 5. Regulatory and non-regulatory options considered. Regulations are required in order to bring the Act into force. The Regulations are necessary to provide legal certainty in interpreting key terms in the provisions of the Act and to provide exclusions for certain business activities that would otherwise be prohibited by the Act . No non-regulatory options have been considered for defining these terms for and juliet prologue, the purposes of implementing the Act . Industry Canada and the Canadian Radio-television Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) have issued guidelines and other guidance material to provide clarity where appropriate; see CRTC.gc.ca and fightspam.gc.ca for details. The 'One-for-One' Rule does not apply to this proposal, as there is editing no change in administrative costs to business.
The Regulations define key terms and do not impose any reporting or other administrative requirements on businesses. The small business lens does not apply to romeo prologue this proposal as the Regulations would not increase administrative or compliance burden on small business. The Regulations provide exclusions to the compliance requirements of the CASL. Regulations are necessary to enact Canada's Anti-spam Legislation which was the subject of extensive consultations and debate. Hearings were held with interested stakeholders by the House of Commons' Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology and by the Senate Standing Committee on Transport and Communications during their review of the legislation from on usage while driving when it was tabled as C-27 in romeo and juliet prologue essay 2009 to when it was passed in the next session of Parliament, as Bill C-28 in December 2010.
Overall, consultations that have taken place over the past six years surrounding the legislation and the policy on which it is built have shown strong support for anti-spam regulation from consumers, Internet service providers, marketers, businesses, educators, the financial sector, legal and consumer groups, and enforcement agencies. The Regulations provide clarity and legal certainty to key terms and concepts contained in peer research the legislation. Proposed Regulations were published for consultation in Part I of the Canada Gazette from July 9, 2011 to September 7, 2011 . Footnote 2 Fifty-five submissions were received, leading to a second consultation process on revised Regulations from January 5, 2013 to February 4, 2013. Footnote 3 During that time, Industry Canada received another 150 submissions responding to the proposed Regulations. Romeo Essay! In addition to providing submissions during the regulatory consultation, several stakeholders requested bilateral and multilateral meetings to further discuss their concerns. Industry Canada officials met with all organizations that requested a meeting.
Stakeholders who participated in these consultations included representatives of the retail, financial services, legal services, real estate, telecommunications, information technology, and general business sectors as well as public interest groups and kingdom, private citizens. These meetings and written submissions provided input to the process of prologue essay, developing and refining the essay Regulations. Phasing in Canada's Anti-spam Legislation. In order to permit a reasonable amount of time for prologue, businesses and consumers to become both aware of and compliant with these Regulations, most of CASL and these Regulations will come into effect on July 1, 2014 . To facilitate compliance with the provisions in CASL related to computer programs, these sections of the Act and the provision related to computer programs in the Regulations will come into force on January 15, 2015 . Stakeholders expressed concern regarding the Private Right of Action (PRA), citing concerns with the potential of class action lawsuits combined with the possibility of administrative monetary penalties and a general uncertainty as to how the legislation will be interpreted and applied by the courts. In order to foster better understanding of how the Act will be interpreted and enforced, a longer transition period is provided for the PRA.
Accordingly, the sections of the Act that provide for the PRA will come into force on July 1, 2017 , three years after the rest of the anti-spam provisions of the essay and science Act comes into and juliet essay, force. During that period, the enforcement agencies will enforce the Act . Definition of peaceable kingdom, family and personal relationships The Regulations address stakeholder concerns about the definitions of family relationship and personal relationship in earlier versions of the proposed Regulations. In the consultation, some stakeholders argued that the definition of romeo and juliet, family was too limited and may not include modern conceptions of family without arbitrary limitations. The challenge in addressing these concerns is to ensure the definition is consistent with Canadian law and remains limited to close family or personal relationships, as intended under the essay of cellphones driving Act . These Regulations eliminate the arbitrary requirements and limitations and include factors to prologue be considered in determining if a relationship is a personal relationship for peer checklist research paper, the purposes of the Act . In addition, other than being considered as a factor, the Regulation does not provide for the recipient to and juliet opt-out of the exemption, since the regulatory authority refers to defining such relationships which does not include adding conditions. Essay! Exclusions to and juliet prologue essay address stakeholder concerns.
The key issues and concerns that were raised by of cellphones stakeholders are addressed in the exclusions and revised definitions in these Regulations. The requests for romeo essay, new exclusions to consent provisions of the legislation were carefully weighed against the objectives of the Act . The requirement for consent (either express or implied) is fundamental to the Act . Any exclusions must be clearly targeted towards specific activity not intended to essay on literature and science be captured in order to essay maintain the integrity of the legislative regime. As a result, not all requests for and science, exclusions are accommodated in these Regulations. Since it applies broadly to all commercial electronic messages, the Act could capture a significant portion of business to romeo prologue business or non-business communications. Of Cellphones Driving! To ensure these and other regular business and non-business communications that do not discourage the use of electronic means to romeo and juliet prologue essay carry out commercial activities are not unnecessarily regulated under the Act , the on usage of cellphones while driving Regulations provide exclusions for commercial electronic messages that are sent within organizations or sent between organizations that already have a relationship, where the messages are sent by an employee, representative, contractor or franchisee and are relevant to the activities of the organization who receives the message. These exclusions address many of the most serious concerns raised in prologue the consultations about the unintended application of software quality, CASL to and juliet prologue essay ordinary, transactional business communications.
These exclusions would also address confusion as to whether organizations can send CEMs to peer editing checklist research their employees if the subject matter of those CEMs is not related to the core business. Prologue! For example, if a business is how to an essay with a quote hosting a pancake breakfast for employees and sends an email selling tickets, that message is a CEM that may be sent without consent because the message relates to an activity of the prologue organization. Stakeholders, namely the photsynthesis site financial and banking industries have argued that CEMs sent over and juliet closed messaging systems (e.g. banking websites) should be exempted from essay CASL because these platforms pose no risk of abuse to consumers and were developed to avoid threats that are similar to the goals of CASL. In many cases, there will be an existing business relationship between the customer and the person operating the messaging system. To address this concern, an exclusion from CASL is and juliet introduced for messages that are sent to limited access and confidential accounts where only the person who provides the account to how to begin the recipient can send messages. Companies in the telecommunications sector also argued that the ID and unsubscribe requirements in CASL are unnecessarily redundant on certain platforms, where the ID and romeo and juliet prologue essay, unsubscribe requirements can be conspicuously published and readily available on the user interface of the platform when a message is received, but not necessarily in photsynthesis interactive site every message sent.
To address this concern, an exemption from these requirements under CASL is introduced where the required identification and unsubscribe information is conspicuously published and readily available to the recipient through the interface itself. Stakeholders were concerned that they could not directly act upon referrals from and juliet essay friends, family and essay on usage, clients without first garnering consent. The third party referral exclusion provided strikes a balance by allowing third party referrals without undermining the requirements that are laid out in the Act . The condition permitting the sending of only one message means the agent or business could only send more messages if the recipient indicated that they wished to receive them. To the recipient, the fact that the sender has to identify the individual who has provided the referral by full name allows the romeo and juliet prologue recipient to distinguish these messages from typical spam messages. It also permits the recipient to contact the person providing the referral directly to notify them that they do not wish to be referred by that individual in the future.
In addition to essay of cellphones driving providing this exclusion, Industry Canada is working with the CRTC to explore the use of interpretational guidelines and other guidance material to romeo prologue essay provide clarity regarding how referral marketing can occur under CASL. Industry stakeholders raised concerns that the Act captures non-transactional business communications that are required by site law or that are sent to enforce a legal right. Romeo Prologue Essay! For instance, in some circumstances, businesses are required to send messages that may be seen as commercial electronic messages, such as electronic bank statements. In other cases, businesses may choose to peaceable kingdom essays use electronic communications to enforce legal rights, such as sending notification of violations of copyright. Romeo And Juliet! To ensure that CASL does not interfere with these business practices, the Regulations include exclusions for messages sent due to a legal obligation or to enforce a pending or existing legal right. Of course, as a general principle, the legal obligation referred to above would not be contrary to CASL. Another exclusion concerns responses to inquiries. While the legislation provides an exclusion for individuals to contact businesses to inquire about their business, no exclusion is on usage of cellphones while provided for businesses to respond to such inquiries. Furthermore, since consent is romeo essay defined in the Act , there is no existing mechanism to infer consent for these communications.
Requiring unsubscribe mechanisms or consent in these circumstances would impede legitimate business, would not be consistent with consumer expectations, and would not advance the goals of the legislation. Software Engineering Research! To address these concerns, the Regulations provide an prologue essay exclusion for messages sent in response to requests. If a person is replying to a customer inquiry, the person can send them a CEM related to their inquiry, and extra information (such as price lists and a link to a website) may be included if the customer could reasonably expect to receive such information as a result of their inquiry. Charitable organizations argued that the Act would have a disproportionate impact on their activities since it would be more difficult for peer editing checklist paper, them to train volunteers, including directors and officers, on compliance with the Act and to implement internal controls. In addition, their activities as charities are already regulated. CASL provides that registered charities have implied consent to send messages to essay those who have volunteered or donated to them within the peaceable kingdom past two years, but they argued the Act would still restrict their fundraising abilities. And Juliet! To address these concerns, an exemption is introduced in research these Regulations for fundraising messages sent by or on behalf of registered charities, regardless whether the recipient previously donated to or volunteered for the organization. And Juliet! A similar exemption is introduced in these Regulations for commercial electronic messages sent by or on behalf of a political party or organization, or a person who is a candidate#8212;as defined in an Act of with, Parliament or the legislature of a province#8212;for publicly elected office and the message has as its primary purpose soliciting a contribution as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Canada Elections Act . Another issue concerns the ability for businesses in Canada to send CEMs to recipients outside of the country. And Juliet Prologue Essay! Some stakeholders argued in their submissions that CASL would put Canadian businesses at a competitive disadvantage sending commercial electronic messages outside of Canada on behalf of foreign businesses.
They also argue that it would create regulatory burden by requiring businesses to comply with both the foreign laws and CASL. Begin With A Quote! In order to address this issue, an exclusion is provided in romeo and juliet essay these Regulations for messages sent from Canada to foreign states and in compliance with local laws that regulate essentially the same conduct that is prohibited under section 6, notably, the U.S., the UK, the EU, Japan, China, Korea, Australia and essay on usage of cellphones, New Zealand. For additional information on which countries have laws that cover conduct substantially similar to section 6 of and juliet prologue, CASL, refer to on usage driving Schedule 1 of the romeo prologue essay Regulations. Under CASL, express consent is essay on usage driving required for software installed on another person's computer system in the course of a commercial activity. There are requirements for the form of the and juliet essay request for consent, additional descriptions for certain software functions, special conditions for updates and upgrades to software, and deemed consent for certain specified programs.
In addition, there is a three year transitional period allowing updates and upgrades to programs installed prior to the coming-into-force of CASL. Finally, note that the requirements under CASL for the installation of kingdom essays, computer programs only apply to the installation of computer programs on another person's computer system. CASL will not apply to installations carried out by persons on their own computing devices. Stakeholders, especially those that offer a telecommunications service as defined by the Act , expressed concern that CASL would impair their ability to take action to address threats to the security of their networks, which would be counter to the purpose of the Act . Note that CASL provides a broad definition of a Telecommunications Service Provider (TSP), which includes any persons who together or independently provides a telecommunications service. These services include features of services delivered by means of telecommunications facilities including network routers and servers, regardless whether the provider owns, leases or has any interest in or right to the equipment and software used to romeo prologue provide the telecommunications service. To address the concern raised with respect to network security, the Regulations provide for deemed consent for TSPs (as defined by kingdom essays CASL) to romeo and juliet install computer programs to protect the security of the network from checklist research paper a current and identifiable threat to the availability, reliability, efficiency or optimal use of its network. Stakeholders also argued that it is reasonable to assume that a person would consent to the installation of computer programs to update or upgrade a TSP's network. To address this concern, the Regulations provide for deemed consent for TSPs to install computer programs to update or upgrade their networks. Stakeholders expressed concern that CASL would hamper their ability to install software updates or upgrades necessary for the safe or proper operation of romeo and juliet prologue essay, computer programs and peer research, systems.
Note that the Act only applies to computer programs installed in the course of and juliet prologue essay, commercial activity, a defined term that excludes public safety and other purposes, so issues of essay while, public safety. However, for software issues that are not matters of public safety, the Regulations provide for deemed consent for the installation of computer programs that are necessary to correct a failure in the operation of a computer system or program that is already installed. This will allow software providers to prologue essay take positive steps to ensure the safe and proper functioning of their computer programs and the systems they operate on, consistent with consumer expectations. On Usage! For updates and upgrades to computer programs installed after CASL comes into force, the Act allows companies to get the romeo prologue consent of the owner or authorized user for future updates or upgrades to the computer program at the same time they obtain consent for the original installation, or when the an essay with user is downloading. That is, when a computer program is installed, consent must in general be requested in accordance with the Act , but there are no requirements for the form of a request for consent to install updates and upgrades, whether that consent is requested in advance or when the romeo and juliet prologue update or upgrade is installed.
Note that the reasonability test that is built in to the deemed consent provision of CASL also applies as a mechanism to reduce the risk of abuse of peaceable essays, deemed consent in these Regulations. In addition, the requirements of romeo prologue essay, section 10(4) of the Act to describe functions in section 10(5) only come into editing checklist research, play when consent has to be requested. Furthermore, the notice requirements in and juliet essay section 10(4) only apply when the person seeking consent knows and intends for the function listed in section 10(5) to cause the photsynthesis computer system to operate in a manner that is contrary to the reasonable expectations of the owner or authorized user of the computer system. Issues to be addressed in romeo essay compliance guidelines. To clarify the intended scope of the Act , guidelines are more appropriate than Regulations. Industry Canada and the CRTC have issued interpretational guidelines and other guidance material to provide clarity where appropriate. Software Quality Engineering Research! It should also be noted that the previous guidance issued by the CRTC on October 10, 2012 are not legally binding. Furthermore, the examples provided in the Information Bulletins are not meant to be exhaustive. They are examples of prologue essay, mechanisms and, in many cases, recommended or best practices that clearly meet the essays requirements set out in CASL. Other mechanisms may satisfy the legal requirements imposed by CASL. Together, the CRTC and Industry Canada will issue new Frequently Asked Questions and Responses on the CRTC and Fightspam.gc.ca websites.
Stakeholders have expressed concern about what does and and juliet prologue essay, does not constitute a commercial electronic message. Photsynthesis Interactive Site! In particular, some have interpreted the term to include any messages sent in the course of a commercial activity, leading to romeo essay concerns that it includes messages such as confirmations of successful unsubscribes or courtesy Short Message Service (SMS) messages sent to roaming customers. Stakeholders, primarily from the telecommunications sector, are concerned that certain limited transactional and service messages are unintentionally captured by CASL. Under the Act , a message is kingdom only a CEM if it would be reasonable to conclude that it has as its purpose or one of romeo and juliet prologue essay, its purposes to encourage participation in a commercial activity. To the extent that a message is sent in a pre-existing commercial context but does not fall within the peaceable definition of a CEM provided in subsection 1(2) and subsection 1(3) of CASL, it is not a commercial electronic message for prologue, the purposes of the Act . The mere fact that a message involves commercial activity, hyperlinks to a person's website, or business related electronic addressing information does not make it a CEM under the Act if none of its purposes is to encourage the recipient in additional commercial activity. If the message involves a pre-existing commercial relationship or activity and and science, provides additional information, clarification or completes the and juliet essay transaction involving a commercial activity that is already underway, it would not be considered a CEM since, rather than promoting commercial activity, it carries out that activity. An Essay! Moreover, surveys, polling, newsletters, and and juliet prologue, messages soliciting charitable donations, political contributions, or other political activities that do not encourage participation in a commercial activity would not be included in essay on literature and science the definition. And Juliet! However electronic messages may come within the definition of a CEM if it would be reasonable to how to conclude that one of the purposes is to encourage the recipient to engage in additional commercial activities, based on, for example, the prologue prevalence and amount of interactive, commercial content, hyperlinks or contact information.
To be clear, if the purpose or one of the purposes is to advertise, promote, market or otherwise offer a product, good, service, business or gaming opportunity or interest in romeo prologue essay land, these messages are clearly CEMs. Most notably, the Act aims to limit the opportunity to quality engineering research advertise, market, promote, or otherwise offer products or services under the guise of a non-commercial electronic message. If it is reasonable to romeo and juliet essay conclude that the message has one of those purposes, then the message would be considered to be a CEM and, subject to exclusions, the requirements of the Act would apply. Stakeholders also expressed concern that it would be difficult to satisfy identification and unsubscribe requirements proposed by the CRTC to identify all their business affiliates in a single CEM. Photsynthesis Interactive! To address this, only persons who play a material role in the content of the message or the list to whom the message is sent are required to be identified as senders or affiliates under section 6 of CASL. However, when a CEM is sent on romeo and juliet essay, behalf of multiple persons, such as affiliates, all of these persons must be identified in a CEM. Peer Checklist Paper! Where it is not practicable to include this information in the body of a CEM, a hyperlink to a page on the World Wide Web containing this information that is prologue essay readily accessible at no cost to the recipient may be included in essay on literature and science the CEM. Companies in the telecommunications sector also expressed concern regarding the requirements when sending SMS or Common Short Code (CSC) messages. To clarify, as provided in CRTC Regulations, these messages can incorporate required information, such as identification and contact information, and the unsubscribe mechanism in prologue essay a text message by including a clear and essay of cellphones while driving, prominent hyperlink to the required information on a website that is readily accessible at no additional cost to the recipient. Another concern is how CASL might apply to romeo prologue essay CEMs on how to begin an essay a quote, popular social networking services or instant messaging services.
Where they are not sent to electronic addresses, the publication of blog posts or other publications on microblogging and social media sites does not fall within the intended scope of the Act . There has also been concern from some businesses, such as auto manufacturers, that are often in touch with former employees after the employment relationships ends, to offer discounts or promotions on products. If the employer has a contract with its employees, then they have implied consent to send CEMs due to an existing business relationship (EBR) with their current and recent former employees. If the employment contract is currently in existence or it expired or terminated within the two-year period immediately before the romeo day on interactive, which the romeo and juliet prologue message was sent, then the sender has implied consent to send CEMs during employment and for quality engineering research paper, a period beginning two years from the end of the employment. In addition, since the contract creates an existing business relationship, the transitional provision in romeo and juliet section 66 will apply to former employees when CASL is enacted. Auto manufacturers were also concerned that the three year transitional period in section 67 would limit their ability to continue to install updates or upgrades to computer programs on automobiles. To address this concern, these Regulations specify that express consent of an individual is deemed for updates and upgrades to computer programs that are installed across all or part of the auto manufacturer's network, and the installation of computer programs to correct failures in the operation of the computer system or an existing program. It should also be noted, that auto manufacturers may be TSPs for the purposes of CASL when they run computing networks such as GM's OnStar or Ford's Sync. In addition, the software on some computer dedicated systems in automobiles may be operating systems, such as computers that operate specific functions like braking. There is deemed consent to update that as operating systems under the Act . In addition, the Act only how to begin an essay a quote regulates the prologue essay installation of software in the course of a commercial activity, the definition of interactive site, which excludes public safety, among other purposes.
Some stakeholders have argued that express consents obtained under the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) should be valid as consent under CASL. In some cases, where there is neither an exclusion nor any form of consent under CASL, some businesses that may have been compliant with PIPEDA when seeking consent to collect or to use electronic addresses to send commercial electronic messages may no longer be able to contact those addresses under CASL. Express consents, obtained before CASL comes into prologue, force, to collect or to on usage driving use electronic addresses to send commercial electronic messages will be recognized as being compliant with CASL. Some stakeholders argue that CASL would have a negative impact on their ability to engage in electronic commerce as they have developed recipient lists that have been lawfully assembled in recent years, but would effectively be nullified under the CASL regime. In fact, under the CASL, certain forms of consent previously obtained in accordance with privacy law could meet CASL requirements and, in other circumstances captured under subsections 10(10) and (13), businesses have three years after the coming into force of the Act to verify and confirm consent.
The intent of the and juliet prologue three year transitional period is to obtain consent. This will be reinforced through compliance guidelines. Some stakeholders were concerned that although CASL denotes that existing business relationships transfer to the purchaser upon the sale of a business, no such expression exists for express consents. For the purposes of CASL, express consents will transfer upon the sale of a business, should the research contract of sale include a provision transferring these as a business asset. Note that compliance with the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act continues to be required where personal information is transferred between organizations. Stakeholders also expressed concern that once a person unsubscribed from a mailing list, the essay business would not be permitted to send commercial electronic messages to the person, even following a subsequent transaction. For the purposes of CASL, implied consent due to an existing business relationship is reinstated with every new or subsequent transaction that would qualify them under section 10(10) of CASL. Some stakeholders were also concerned that they would be unable to contact former business clients outside the 24 month period for existing business relationships.
If your former business or non-business contact disclosed their e-mail address or other electronic address to you, or they conspicuously published their address, then you may have implied consent to site contact them as long as the message is romeo and juliet prologue essay relevant to their work, and peaceable kingdom, they did not indicate that they don't want to receive commercial electronic messages at romeo essay, that address. In addition, note the three year transitional period provided for how to with, in section 66 of CASL. Stakeholders were also concerned that some have interpreted electronic addresses in romeo and juliet CASL to include Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. Insofar as IP addresses are not linked to an identifiable person or to an account, IP addresses are not electronic addresses for the purposes of CASL. As a result, banner advertising on websites is not subject to CASL. Some stakeholders have also highlighted concerns that cookies might be interpreted as computer programs for the purposes of CASL. As section 10(8) of CASL states, a person is considered to expressly consent to the installation of a computer program if the program is a cookie and the conduct of the peer checklist research person indicates their consent to its use. Insofar as cookies are not executable computer programs, and they cannot carry viruses and cannot install malware, and are simply lines of text or data that are read from a web browser, they are not computer programs for romeo and juliet, the purposes of CASL. Stakeholders also noted concerns regarding their liability in Forward to a Friend (FTAF) marketing campaigns. Some stakeholders argue that they should not be held liable should they introduce a 'Forward-to-a-Friend' (FTAF) campaign, where they ask clients, customers or people who are signing up to a contest or similar activity on their website to of cellphones driving forward the CEM to and juliet prologue essay friends and family. They suggest CASL would hold them liable as they are the party that is causing the CEM.
A due diligence defence exists in CASL, if those who promote FTAF campaigns provide prospective clients and contestants with the limitations defined for family and personal relationships (as set out above) they can use these to reduce their liability. Some stakeholders have also argued that CASL may create unintended consequences for self-operating home offices or businesses by requiring these to identify a physical mailing address when sending a CEM. The CRTC has since altered their original requirements, and will permit P.O. boxes or head offices to be identified rather than the home of the individual sending the CEM. Issues that are not addressed in the Regulations or compliance guidelines. Some issues that were raised by stakeholders are not addressed in the Regulations. While a full review of these issues was undertaken and regulatory options were explored, these were issues that were within the intended scope of CASL. One such issue raised by stakeholders concerned the peaceable kingdom essays application of the Act to messages sent by foreign businesses and accessed while the essay recipient was visiting Canada. Photsynthesis! The concern was that, pursuant to section 12, CASL would be interpreted to apply to messages sent from or received in Canada and that, as such, the romeo prologue Act would apply to a message sent from a foreign country to a resident of that country even if the message was sent in compliance with their local laws, but accessed while the recipient was visiting Canada. An exemption was proposed in the draft regulations pre-published in Canada Gazette , Part I to exclude messages sent when the sender could not reasonably have been expected to know they would be accessed in Canada. It was determined that this exemption is not necessary. Some stakeholders argued that the previously pre-published proposed Regulation for and science, CEMs sent by unknown third parties was too complex and would result in increased compliance costs for businesses.
It has been decided not to alter the original proposed Regulation. The principle behind the original Regulation was that it must be as clear as possible who will be using a person's consent, and a person must be able to use the unsubscribe mechanism in a CEM to withdraw the romeo essay third party consent they originally provided. While the Regulation may require businesses to track consents as they are shared among third parties, the burden is not unduly onerous, and interactive site, no alternative regulatory approach was identified. In addition, sharing consents among unknown third parties is not consistent with the existing industry best practices, which encourage businesses to centralize the romeo and juliet essay management of essay on literature, consents with the romeo prologue essay sending organization. Please see the more extended explanation above of this regulatory provision. Some stakeholders have argued that they should be able to send messages to recruit individuals for employment opportunities.
Depending on the circumstances, most employment recruitment messaging would not fall into the definition of CEM in CASL as these would not normally offer, advertise, market or promote a product or service. Recruiting spam is an an essay a quote ongoing fraud whereby scammers hire online shoppers to make purchases using their own credit card, but the incoming cheques for the online shopper bounce. These types of scams lure innocent Canadians and prologue, are also often used to launder money. Some stakeholders sought significant alterations to the entire legislative scheme seeking a change from requiring prior consent ('opt-in') to one where no prior consent would be required ('opt-out'). Quality Paper! Changing this framework would be inconsistent with the purposes of the Act as approved by Parliament. These Regulations provide clarity and and juliet, legal certainty regarding key terms in Canada's Anti-spam Legislation in order to effectively combat spam and related threats in Canada, and provide relief to businesses through targeted exclusions where the while driving broad application of the Act would otherwise impede business activities that are not within the intended scope of the essay legislation. While the how to with incremental impacts of these Regulations in terms of benefits and costs are expected to be very modest, it is anticipated that the benefits of the and juliet essay exclusions from the legislative regime will outweigh the costs. How To With A Quote! 10.
Implementation and enforcement. These Regulations and most of CASL will come into effect on July 1, 2014 . Romeo Essay! To facilitate compliance with the provisions in photsynthesis CASL related to romeo essay computer programs, these sections will come into engineering research, force on January 15, 2015 . To further reduce uncertainty for Canadian business regarding how CASL will be interpreted, the Private Right of Action will be enacted three years from the romeo and juliet essay initial scheduled enactment of CASL, on peer checklist paper, July 1, 2017 . Information regarding obligations for romeo prologue, businesses and individuals under CASL are available at kingdom, the Fight Spam Web site at http://fightspam.gc.ca. A Spam Reporting Centre, education and awareness campaigns, as well as training of romeo, compliance and enforcement personnel will be completed prior to software research enactment. An Act to promote the efficiency and adaptability of the Canadian economy by regulating certain activities that discourage reliance on electronic means of carrying out commercial activities, and to romeo and juliet amend the editing checklist Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Act, the Competition Act, the Personal Information Protection and and juliet prologue essay, Electronic Documents Act and the Telecommunications Act (Canada's Anti-spam Legislation or CASL)
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outline how to write Sure, you’re a lover not a fighter. I am too. But that doesn’t mean that you can avoid writing your argumentative essay! Since you have to write an argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right? I’ve said it time and essay, time again—there’s nothing worse than staring at of cellphones, a blank page. Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the romeo and juliet prologue, perfect way to turn your blank document into a ready-to-use template.
All you have to do is fill in how to begin an essay with the blanks! In this blog post, I’m going to share with you how to romeo prologue essay create an argumentative essay outline. At the research paper, end, I’ll give you a downloadable skeleton outline you can use to get started. Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline. That’s not so bad! There’s really nothing to be afraid of. Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro.
Your introduction is where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument. It’s made up of a hook, background information, and a thesis statement. 1. Hook. Your first sentence is and juliet essay, comprised of a “hook.” Don’t know what a hook is? A hook is essay on usage of cellphones, a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the attention of a martial arts fan. Let’s say I’m writing an argumentative essay about romeo essay, why American people should start eating insects. My hook could be, “For those interested in improving their diets and the environment, say ‘goodbye’ to eating chicken, fish, and beef and ‘hello’ to eating silk worms, crickets, and caterpillars.” If you’re having trouble coming up with a good hook, I recommend reading my blog post How to Write Good Hook Sentences. 2. Photsynthesis? Background information. The next part of your intro is dedicated to offering some detailed background information on your topic. Try answering the following questions:
What is the issue at hand? Who cares? Where is this issue prevalent? Why is it important? For example, “Insects are abundant, nutritious, and environmentally sustainable. Romeo And Juliet? Currently, people in engineering research the United States shun the idea of eating insects as part of their diets, favoring instead less nutritious and environmentally destructive food options, such as beef and pork. The UN recently issued a statement calling for more world citizens to romeo and juliet essay embrace the of cellphones while, many benefits of romeo eating insects.” 3. Thesis.
Your thesis typically makes up the essay on usage, last sentence of and juliet your intro paragraph. This is essay on literature, where you clearly state your position on the topic and give a reason for your stance. For example, “A diet of insects can help fix problems related to romeo essay starvation, obesity, and climate change, and therefore, United States citizens should learn to rely on essay on literature, a variety of and juliet prologue essay insects over chicken, beef, and essay on usage of cellphones while driving, fish as their main source of protein and nutrition.” Notice the romeo and juliet, word “should” in my thesis statement? Using this word makes it clear I’m taking a stance on the argument. You’ll also notice that my thesis statement sets up the three claims I’m going to expand on later: a diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change. Let’s talk about research, adding those claims to our argumentative essay outline now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 2: Developing Your Argument.
Now that you have filled in the general points of your topic and romeo prologue essay, outlined your stance in the introduction, it’s time to develop your argument. In my sample outline, I show three claims, each backed by three points of evidence. How To Begin An Essay? Offering three claims is just a suggestion; you may find that you only have two claims to make, or four. The exact number of claims you choose to include doesn’t matter (unless, of course, your teacher has given you a specific requirement). Romeo And Juliet Prologue? What matters is that you develop your argument as thoroughly as possible. 1. Peaceable? What is a claim? A claim is a statement you make to support your argument. For example, “Bugs are highly nutritious and eating them can fix the problem of hunger and malnutrition in the United States.” Great! So I’ve made my claim.
But who’s going to believe me? This is where evidence comes into play. 2. What is romeo and juliet essay, evidence? For each claim you make, you need to provide supporting evidence. Evidence is factual information from reliable sources. It is not personal knowledge or anecdotal. For example, “Researchers at the Food and an essay a quote, Agricultural Organization of the romeo essay, United States state that ‘Termites are rich in protein, fatty acids, and other micronutrients. Fried or dried termites contain 32–38 percent proteins.’“
My outline shows three pieces of evidence to support each claim, but you may find that each claim doesn’t necessarily have three pieces of evidence to back it. Once again, the exact number doesn’t necessarily matter (unless your teacher has given you instructions), but you need enough evidence to peaceable kingdom essays make your claim believable. Once you have gathered your evidence to support your claims, it’s time to essay add the next important element of your argumentative essay outline: refuting your opponents’ arguments. Let’s talk about that now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 3: Refuting Opponents’ Arguments.
In this section, you state your opponents’ views and photsynthesis site, then offer a rebuttal. For example, “Opponents of insect eating from the Beef Council of America say that it is too difficult and time consuming to catch crickets, so it is not easy to gather enough food for a meal, whereas a cow is large and contains a lot of and juliet essay meat for many meals.” Oh diss! We know the Beef Council just wants us to keep eating McD’s hamburgers and how to, skip the cricket soup. (By the romeo and juliet prologue, way—I just made that up. The Beef Council did not say that. In your essay, make sure to on usage while driving use real facts.)
Now it’s time to set the opponents straight with a refutation that is full of hard evidence and that will bring them to romeo prologue essay their knees. For example, “According to researchers Cerritos and Cano-Santana, the best time to harvest crickets is to catch them in the hour just before sunrise when they are least active. What’s more, it is easy to peer checklist paper develop the romeo prologue, infrastructure to farm crickets in a way that is more sustainable than cattle farming.” Booyah! The Beef Council has been served (crickets). Once you have refuted your opponents’ viewpoints, it’s time to sail to the finish line with your conclusion. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 4: Conclusion. In your conclusion, you are going to accomplish two important tasks. 1. Restate the importance of your issue. Similar to what you did in your introduction, you want to restate why this topic is critical.
For example, “Simply by incorporating insects into their diets, U.S. citizens can improve the sustainability and nutrition of the American diet.” 2. Essay And Science? Paint a picture of the and juliet essay, world if your argument is (or is not) implemented. In the final part of your conclusion, make your audience think about the ramifications of your argument. What would happen if people started eating insects as a staple of their diets? For example, “The world would be a better place if more people ate insects as a part of photsynthesis their diets. Fewer people would go hungry, more people would get the vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients they need to live healthy lifestyles, and our planet would be relieved of the burden of an unsustainable food system. Closing with a clear picture of the world as you would like it to be can leave your reader convinced that your argument is valid. Download the Argumentative Essay Outline Template. Download this skeleton Argumentative Essay Outline to get started.
Before you go off into the sunset and and juliet essay, use my outline template, make sure that you are following the guidelines specific to your course. While this is interactive site, a pretty standard outline, there are other ways to outline your argumentative essay. If you’re interested in learning more about argumentative essays, I suggest reading The Secrets of prologue a Strong Argumentative Essay. Want even more knowledge? Check out this argumentative essay infographic! If you’re looking for some ideas, check out on usage while these argumentative essay examples.
When you have your argumentative essay and outline ready to go, you can always have one of romeo and juliet essay our awesome editors give it a second look. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the photsynthesis interactive, former content manager for the Kibin blog, and romeo and juliet prologue essay, forever a word nerd. wow this was really help full. Super! I’m really happy to software quality engineering help. #128578;
Hi I have a 20 minute presentation to do on the history of cognitive-behaviour therapy. Don’t know where to begin. Is this the same as doing an romeo and juliet prologue argument. This sounds more like an an essay a quote expository essay. An expository essay (or presentation in your case) has the goal of informing the audience on a specific topic. Essay? Usually you don’t take an kingdom argumentative stance for or against these topics. For more information on expository writing visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-expository-essay/ hi i need some help on essay, an argument . The topic is photsynthesis, internet a guide or a distraction.
i hope u can help. Do you think the internet is a guide or a distraction? I would suggest writing a thesis statement like this: You could focus on arguing for the internet: “The internet is a useful guide as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.” OR you could focus on arguing against the internet: “The internet is an annoying distraction as shown by and juliet prologue evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.”
OR, and this is the best option, you could focus on arguing how to best use the internet: “The internet can be both a useful guide as shown by evidence 1 and evidence 2, but it can also be an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 3 and peaceable, evidence 4. It is important to set personal limits on web use including solution 1, solution 2, and solution 3.” Personal limits could include things such as limiting yourself to viewing only and juliet, specific websites during work/study hours, limiting overall time online, and kingdom, other things like that! Hi Liz, well first you need to pick a side. What do you think? Should they have their licenses revoked? Then you need to come up with a few reasons for why you think this. Can you find any examples of how this tactic has worked (or hasn’t worked).
What about people who lose their licenses for other (criminal) reasons, is this type of punishment effective? Why or why not? Come up with approx three claims to support your side. Find some evidence to support your claims. Lay out how each of the two authors approach the topic of the Crusades. What do they have in common?
What is different? Super happy to help! thank you so much for this! You are welcome so much! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on freedom of speech rights and the 1st amendment and I have two sides of the argument. I am for freedom of romeo speech if it doesn’t harm other people and I have some cases where the supreme court are avoiding the laws stated in the amendment but I’m on the court’s side of restricting inappropriate speech in peer checklist paper a school environment. And Juliet Prologue? How should I start out my argument? I think you need to on literature and science combine your two perspectives into romeo prologue essay one focused argument. Do you, perhaps, want to interactive argue that inappropriate speech in a school environment is actually harmful to other people? That way, it falls into your first argument (pro-free speech as long as it’s not harmful) quite nicely.
Good luck! it has helped a lot …… great work. Thanks! Glad you liked it. And Juliet Prologue? #128578; Thank you very much :)) You are welcome! Thanks for and science reading #128578; HI, I am writing an argumentative essay on how different governments should provide additional funding to increase awareness of human trafficking, prevent human trafficking, and help victims who have been trafficked.
I am not sure where to and juliet prologue essay start from. Hi–some of these example essays on software engineering research paper, human trafficking may give you ideas on how to get started: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/human%20trafficking. Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on how is social media like Facebook or Twitter beneficial or harmful to and juliet its users? I am not sure how to how to an essay a quote start from there. Hi Rosie– you might find inspiration on how to get started by reviewing some of these example essays on social media: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/social%20media. Hi, i was wondering if in the conclusion of the and juliet essay, essay you need to essay driving end it with a question, something for the reader to continue to think about after reading or is romeo prologue, it unnecessary?
Great question! Asking a larger question is definitely one great conclusion technique. Some teachers/profs really like this, while others prefer that you tie everything up with a neat little bow. With? I recommend you check out this post on the topic of conclusions: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ This helped a lot! Thanks, love how its broken down. I have a question though. Should the romeo and juliet, conclusion have its own paragraph or can I include the essay and science, conclusion with opponents argument? I definitely recommend giving your conclusion its own paragraph. You don’t want to leave your readers hanging on romeo prologue, to just your opponent’s argument!
You can learn more about writing conclusions in this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ Helped me to help my students #128578; I was wondering if you can show a sample essay with these elements in use? Thank you #128578; Awesome! I love to essay on usage of cellphones driving hear that. That’s a really great idea… and romeo and juliet, one that I intend to implement in upcoming blog posts. However, at this time I don’t readily have access to a knock out example. –Naomi.
HELP. I am having a hard time with my argumentative research essay on drug testing to receive state benefits a.e. T.A.N.F, food stamps.. Paper? I’m getting so frustrated and I dont have any idea where to begin.. I found it very useful! Thanks a lot #128512; You’re welcome a lot! Thanks for reading. #128578; thanks helped me a lot luv your work 3. can u do a website on and juliet prologue essay, argumentiv wtiting starters plz im a begener.
OMG. THX so much this helped a ton. You are so welcome! Thanks for software quality research reading. #128578; You’re welcome! Wow that’s a great idea for romeo an essay. Very intriguing. is this guide ok for an eight grader test. Yasss…This blog is reliable…Thanks ? Woot! Glad you like it. #128578; I’m happy to hear it. #128578; Thanks for site your comment.
I have to write an argumentative. research essay about the career of my choice, which is sports marketing. I’m not sure what type of arguments I need to and juliet prologue essay make. Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it’s importance in the world? It’s just something I am interested in so I am not sure how to software quality engineering research write an argumentative paper about it.
I have to write an argumentative research essay about the career of my choice, which is sports marketing. I’m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it’s importance in and juliet prologue essay the world? It’s just something I am interested in so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about peaceable essays, it. Hi there–I’d double check your assignment for and juliet essay clues on how to approach this. Peaceable? If there really aren’t any additional clues, I would go with your first instinct to defend your choice of careers. And Juliet Essay? Why are you interested? Is the pay worth it? What makes you cut out for this career in peer particular?
A thesis statement might look like: Sports marketing is the perfect career choice for me as it will allow me to romeo and juliet prologue use my strengths in XYZ, make a decent income, all while keeping me interested and engaged. Then use the rest of begin an essay with a quote your essay to fill out and juliet essay those key points. Thanks! That’s helpful. Essay On Usage Of Cellphones Driving? Here’s what the assignment says: “In your argumentative research essay, you will a) conduct research about a successful and realistic career of romeo your choice, b) use this research and accompanying commentary and rhetoric to create an argument that you will eventually present and defend to quality engineering research paper a group of and juliet essay peers. This assignment serves to create a foundation for personal statements, resumes and essay, CVs, and even interviews in which you will be asked about your chosen career path and its significance to you. The evidence you collect during your research should support and justify your pursuit of any given career.”
Do you think I will be on track if I use your suggested thesis? Yes–I do. You’ll also want to find some hard facts and statistics to and juliet essay support your claims. How To Begin An Essay With A Quote? For example, dig up how much it will cost for romeo you to get your degree and on literature, weigh that against romeo and juliet essay your potential income. You’ll want to start with a clear thesis statement. I assume that when you say you are pro-Hungary this means that you feel the country shouldn’t be required to accept refugees? If so, your thesis statement might look something like this:
Hungary should not be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and peer editing checklist, reason 3. Or–if you think the country should help. You would start with a thesis like this: Hungary should be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Glad to help! Thanks for your comment.
Hi ! I need help in writing a good thesis statement on the advantages and disadvantages of using a cell phone. Please help. I need to submit it on and juliet essay, thursday. Plz Plz help. This one is pretty straightforward. You can frame it like this: Cell phone use has many advantages such as A, and essay on literature, B, but some disadvantages such as C.
Or you could flip it: Cell phone use has many disadvantages such as A, and B, but some advantages such as C. Fill in romeo and juliet essay A, B, and essay driving, C with your actual research. Thank you so much Naomi. This is a great help.
Hi ! I need to write a thesis statement on the topic, ‘Element of romeo prologue essay hamartia in essays Hamlet, Love song of J Alfred and Agamemnon. I need a thesis statement on this. I have written – Unable to take the correct decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end. To be able to make that correct decision one must have the romeo, confidence otherwise it can have a tragic end as it happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon and essay on usage of cellphones while driving, The Love song of romeo and juliet essay J. Alfred. Do you think this is editing checklist research paper, ok, if not can you help me please in and juliet essay writing a good thesis statement.
Thank you. I think you have the right idea, but your version is unclear and a bit repetitive. How about this edit? Being unable to make the right decision at the right time can lead to and science a tragic end, which is exactly what happened to prologue essay the protagonists in peaceable kingdom essays Hamlet, Agamemnon, and The Love song of romeo prologue J. Alfred. Thank you Naomi so very much. This is engineering research, great.
I can go ahead now. You’re welcome, Rachel! First you’ll need to come up with a thesis statement. For example: Public schools should be divided by sex because of and juliet prologue essay reason 1, reason 2, and quality engineering paper, reason 3.
Then choose reasons that you can support with evidence from romeo and juliet essay, your research. this really works thanks. Glad it worked for you, Rose! Thanks for your comment. Thanks but I’m having trouble coming up with a good topic that is strong and essay on usage while driving, worthy to be argued but not boring. I want to do something that isn’t a popular topic like is romeo essay, texting and peaceable essays, driving bad anu advice. thank you so much. I have to write an argumentative essay on Poverty and Illiteracy. I have already looked up my citations. But I don’t know how to break down my citations. Could you help me please?
I’m not sure whether you need to write APA, MLA, or some other type of citation, but I have some blog posts that can help: MLA is how I need to romeo prologue essay write it. Oh lordy this blog is ammmaaazzzinnnng. Why thank you! I appreciate you readinnnnnng! can you send me your project on my email [emailprotected] Ikr like wowww …I am so grateful to reach up on essay and science, it. can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] . I’m supposed to create an argumentative essay that Rome was a superior society to romeo and juliet prologue essay Han China. Peer Editing Research Paper? Thank you so much.
I think this is super helpful. Now my next problem is if I can fit it all onto one page. (That’s the limit our teacher gave us. he wants to see if we can make brief statements that speak many words with little words written) Funny–is that a common assignment this month? You’re not the first student to ask me about this Romans v Hans. A topic that large is going to be very difficult to essay explore in a single page–but hey, it’s a good exercise in concision. In any case–at the risk of kingdom sounding sales-y–the Kibin editing team is really good at meticulously cutting an prologue essay essay down to size if you end up going over that one-page limit.
You can learn more about our editing service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I really don’t understand the refuting part. When you refute something, you take your opponent’s argument and rip it to shreds. Quality Engineering? So for example, say your opponent’s biggest argument is romeo and juliet, that Donald Trump is the best candidate for U.S. president, you could counter that argument by pointing out that he has zero experience in politics. hello again. I don’t know if you got my resent reply but I was trying to ask and software engineering, see if you could give me a little advice on some good resources involving work laws for teens. This is really helped a lot. I was able to do my argumentative essay after reading this. It also explained clearly what I was looking for. Thank you! 3.
You are so welcome! Glad to help. #128578; thanks a lot! this helped me create my english paper! Sweet! Love to hear that. #128578; Thank you so much.
You saved my last semester of romeo and juliet prologue essay college! (From a French canadian currently having English Classes) Hey! Thanks for the great comment. On Literature? You really made my day! I wish you the very best in your English classes. Woot! Happy to help. #128578; Fantastic! So happy to hear it. Prologue? #128578;
I’m writing about photsynthesis interactive, functionalism and Weberianism. Compare and contrast them and romeo and juliet prologue, discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Please hook me up!! Love this blog. Peer? What email address I can sent my essay to romeo and juliet get fix? And how long do I have to wait to get it back. Thank you. Hi Trinh Le, I love that you love it. Research? #128578; Thanks for the comment. And Juliet Prologue Essay? To have an essay edited, please visit us here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading.
Our editors can have your essay back in as few as 3 hours (depending on word count). I’m in how to an essay a quote love with this blog. I was totally dreading the prologue essay, argumentative essay outline but now I’m kind of engineering pumped thanks to your (absolutely hilarious) examples! Awesome! I love hearing this. Writing can be fun as long as you don’t actively dread it. #128578; THANK YOU SO MUCH PLEASE WISH ME LUCK FOR MY ENGLISH EXAM TOMORROW SINCE ARGUMENTATIVE IS GOING TO BE INCLUDED IN THE EXAM TOMORROW I SHOULD’VE ADD THE EVIDENCE FOR THE CLAIM HAHAHAHA O??? Thanks for reading! #128578; This saved my life. Thank you so much! Sweet!
Happy to essay be a lifesaver. I need this argumentative essay for tmm… if crickets should be added to lunch school I need a sting essay I’m in 11 grade my opinion is yes crickets should be added. Hi there, the checklist research paper, outline in this post should help you a lot! As for romeo prologue your thesis statement, you could write something like: Crickets should be added to the school lunch menu because they are both nutritious and inexpensive. For the rest of your essay, talk about how you know they are nutritious and inexpensive (hint, do your research!). I never understood the way my teacher taught this until I found this blog. It has helped me write a better argumentative essay. Thanks. You’re welcome! Thanks for reading. #128578;
Awesome! I love to hear feedback like this. Thanks for reading! Thanks a lot mate helped me so much. Super! Happy to help. You’re super welcome! Happy to peaceable kingdom help. Thank You sooo much for this blog.
This has given me a chance to and juliet prologue essay structure my assignment even better. Quality Research Paper? THANKS xx. Thanks so much for reading! Happy to help. I’m writing about functionalism and Weberianism. Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Please hook me up!! Your topic is a bit over my head, but you may be able to get the creative juices flowing by using our compare/contrast thesis statement generator: https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder/compare-contrast-topic. You’re welcome!
Thanks for reading. My name is Haley and i have to do an argumentative essay for and juliet essay LA and my topic is……..In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? what should i put as a hook? The hook you choose will definitely depend on your stance on the topic. If your paper is pro-choice, you could start with a shocking statistic about the number of women who go through illegal/dangerous abortions during times and places where abortion is illegal. If your paper is pro-life, you might start with an emotional appeal about the software quality, life of an unborn fetus being cut short. This is essay, very helpful. I was having trouble getting started on writing but now I feel a lot more confident in peaceable kingdom my subject. Thanks for the breakdown. Happy you found it useful. Thanks for reading! Glad to hear that!
M hving trouble with introduction on smoking restriction. Can you help me with introducing on smoking restriction topic and thesis as well. I’m going to romeo assume that you are taking a stance in favor of smoking restriction. A hook would be a shocking statistic about the health risks of secondhand smoke to how to an essay a quote non-smokers. Romeo And Juliet Prologue Essay? Here is a good source to checklist paper get you started: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/general_facts/ A thesis statement framework might look like this: Smoking restrictions are critical to public health due to reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. You might also try our thesis statement builder: https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder. Naomi! youre amazing! this has really clarified this topic for romeo and juliet prologue essay me. thank you! Well, thank you, Neil! This comment was a great way to start my Friday. Essay Of Cellphones While Driving? #128578;
Wow, this is really good. Romeo And Juliet Essay? I have been reading about academic reading and writing every day for 9 wks. Software Quality Engineering Paper? I have to write a 1200-1500 word argumentative essay for my 1st university assessment. This is by romeo and juliet prologue far the most helpful article I have read. Well done and peer editing checklist research paper, thanks. Heaps. Fantastic! Happy to help. I have to write a argumentative essay and the topic is: Should Homeland security and the CIA treat terrorist better? Aren’t they people too? I’m not sure what exactly im suppose to do or how to and juliet start it.
thank you ms.Naomi that was really helpful. Do you add in a rebuttal for each of your points?? That is essay on usage driving, certainly one way to approach an prologue essay argumentative essay. Take an opponent’s view on research paper, each of romeo and juliet essay your arguments and then crush it with your rebuttal. Or, if you follow the outline I gave you in this post, just include a section to editing research crush one or two common opponent arguments.
Thank you, this was very helpful and in the same time funny! good way to make interesting!! This was very helpful, but I still have some hesitation, my last important paper is an Argumentative Research, and this will be my first one. I already have a thesis chosen and I’m just kinda confuse about what facts I need to collect, but its just getting information that will back up my thesis,correct? Hi there–yes, as long as you have a good defendable thesis, you should be able to prologue find sources to support your stance. Here is a blog post about making sure your sources are credible: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/ Thanks for answering but I’m having a difficult time trying to find and discern what will be helpful in while driving my paper. My paper being about Human Rights specifically Minority/Indigenous Rights.
This was so helpful! But, I do have a couple of questions. Is there a secret to writing a killer hook? What is the best way to state your claim in the introduction? You might need to also read these posts: Thank you so much for the helpful info. I definitely owe a get out of jail free card. Awesome, I could definitely use it. #128578; Seriously very usefull tips i like it #128578; How many paragraphs is this?
The argumentative essay outline is essay, 6 paragraphs as it stands, but you can definitely alter it to suit your purposes by adding or subtracting body paragraphs as needed. Usually your hook sentence is separate from your thesis statement. The hook is the peaceable kingdom essays, first sentence in the intro paragraph, while your thesis statement is typically the and juliet prologue, last sentence in this paragraph. Sometimes you will add some background information too. So an intro is Hook-background info-thesis statement. Here’s a revision of your sentence: ADD A HOOK SENTENCE OR TWO HERE. Interactive Site? We live in 21st century, and many gender roles are outdated and shouldn’t affect our lives in and juliet the ways they did before. One of these outdated gender roles is the idea that only boys can ask girls out–girls should be able to ask boys out how to begin with too. this is very useful… but I can not write argument for my research paper (my topic is the racism in america and how effect to people ) can you help me , please. Racism in America is a huge problem and a huge topic.
I think your first step is to narrow your research focus. Essay? First, which specific problem of begin an essay a quote racism will you be looking at? Racism against prologue essay a particular minority group? In a specific region or city? Are there studies that show the effects in these groups and regions? What are some common findings/themes? Here is kingdom, another post specifically about writing a research paper: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-paper/ This blog is Amazing!
Very helpful! But my question is that did you really have to prologue use “eating insects” example? I was having a hot n sour soup while reading this. Ha! I’m so sorry to have ruined your supper. #128578; I think I was inspired to site write this post after a bug flew into my mouth while I was riding my bike to work… nutty and romeo and juliet prologue essay, a bit bitter.
Thanks for reading! This is interactive site, absolutely incredible! I greatly admire your work and accomplishment! I am a teacher that is writing a textbook with Creative Commons licensing for my school district using CK-12 as the platform. Romeo And Juliet Essay? With all due respect, I would really love to speak with you about possibly including some of the information on the Kibin site, particularly this post, as a properly attributed contribution to kingdom essays my 6th Grade Reading Language Arts textbook. Romeo Essay? If you would not mind getting in contact with me, my email is [emailprotected] or simply reply to this comment. @naomi_tepper:disqus.
Hi Alisha–Thanks for your kind comment. Peaceable? I’m totally in favor of you using the content from this post in your textbook with attribution. Best of luck on romeo prologue, this very important project, and quality research, if you need to discuss, you can easily reach me at [emailprotected] You’re going to have to take a stance for or against school uniforms and offer credible evidence to support your stance. Romeo And Juliet Prologue? I’d suggest reading this post on photsynthesis interactive site, how to write a thesis statement : https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ Thank you for writing all these helpful hints!
I’m currently writing one for college with the romeo and juliet prologue, topic of legalizing lane splitting for photsynthesis interactive site motorcycles. I just finished writing found your blog which is helping me make sure I did everything correctly #128578; thank you!! Fantastic! Happy to help. this is amazing and and juliet, funny as hell. this should help with my exam. tqvm #128578; Thanks so much! Best of luck with your exam. #128578; it’s very useful. thanks a lot. You’re welcome! Thanks for commenting. I’ll be thankfull to you #128578;
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So happy to hear it! Thanks for the comment. Hi ?. Interactive Site? Thanks for this wonderful guidelines. And Juliet? Your article really makes my day more easier. Wish me luck. Inny. Sweet! Good luck on your project! What a great tips.
Thank you #128578; Happy you think so! Thanks for begin with the comment. woooow this blog had helped me lotssssssss , thanks for your efforts. Happy to help! Thanks for the comment. This seems to be very helpful! I have an romeo and juliet English final tmrw and I am really scared. Our teacher is giving us four random articles and we have to checklist create an argumentative essay on a question he provided us. Do you know what I can do because I’m really bad at writing and reading.
Like what else can I do rather than read this blog? First off, relax, deep breath, no need to be scared! As intimidating as this final seems right now, it will be over soon and you’ll barely remember it happened. Prologue Essay? #128578; I know you said that you want advice more than just this blog, but it happens that my best advice happens to be on on usage, the blog. I have a post that I think will help you make a game plan for and juliet tackling an in-class essay.
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Thanks for reading! Glad we could help. Soo good it helped me a lot! Great! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the clear outline, was very confused about and juliet prologue, how to start my paper after reading this made me crystal clear, don’t know how I started and didn’t know I had ended just went off like a flash. very very useful. I’m so glad you found it useful, Ram. Thanks for reading! Thank you so much for checklist research paper the outline!! I used it all morning to help start my essay for college English over romeo prologue essay Big Box vs Small Businesses!
Fantastic! Happy to photsynthesis hear it. #128578; i am writing a argumentative essay for “being competent in English Language is necessary for successful academic achievement” cloud you plx give me a best introduction for romeo prologue this essay … An interesting fact or statistic that shows the correlation between learning English and kingdom, academic success might be your best choice, if you can find something from essay, a reputable source. Or, if you could start with a story about begin an essay with a quote, yourself or someone you know who achieved something great because of knowing how to speak English. Can anyone give me a good hook for same sex marriage . And Juliet Prologue Essay? I’m writing an argumentative paper for my adv. Quality Engineering? comp class. Your hook will depend on the stance you are taking. For example, if you are arguing in favor of same sex marriage you could start with an interesting statistic that shines a light on the success of same sex marriages or you could start with a heartwarming story or anecdote about romeo and juliet, a successful same sex marriage. This was really funny! (and useful) Thanks #128578; Awesome! Glad you liked it.
Thanks for the comment. #128578; Hey!! This page was rlly helpful but I still need help with making an research paper intro for “Why Teenager Should Not Have TVs In Their Bedrooms” I would really appreciate it if u could help ASAP plz!!O That will help you write a strong intro — including a strong thesis #128578; Ths for and juliet prologue this it helped a lot. Awesome! Thanks for the comment. #128578; I really appreciate your help. didnt help at all sorry.
Sorry that it wasn’t more helpful, Trent. Let us know if you have any questions that are still unanswered! I’m going to write about how humanity should strive for immortality. Do you think the essays, topic is too hard and romeo prologue, broad for a 10th grader like me? May I know your thoughts and suggestions, please? Thanks! Nah, you can totally handle that topic! I don’t think it’s too broad, either, and I really like that it take a strong stance. Peaceable Kingdom? Just make sure that you have 2-3 solid and specific reasons to back up your claim that we should strive for immortality, as you’ll want to and juliet prologue include those reasons in your thesis and defend them throughout your paper. So the first question to answer as you write your thesis is “Why do I believe this?”
Hi, there. Photsynthesis? I saw your question asking for advice on the difficulty of writing a paper on romeo prologue, immortality. I have a few views on that myself but of the opposite point. I would be very interested in reading your thoughts on the matter. So perhaps you would be inclined to email me your assignment once it’s finished. thanks this blog was very helpful. Awesome!
We’re happy you think so and thanks for the comment. #128578; Super helpful! About to quality research paper write a 6-7 page paper for my college professor and and juliet essay, I needed advice on an effective argumentative structure outline. This is exactly what I needed to of cellphones driving look at. Well designed.
Sweet! Love to hear that it helped. Thanks for the kind comment. #128578; Is Misdiagnoses of Mental Disorders a good topic to write about? And is it too broad? I want to romeo include toxic thinking as a huge contribution and impact to mental illness.
I need direction– Please help!! It is a bit broad, yes. I would suggest narrowing it down to editing research just one mental disorder. Maybe depression or ADD. You could narrow it down even further to romeo and juliet prologue essay talk about these diagnoses in on literature young adults or children rather than everyone. Romeo Prologue? Finally, make sure you have some evidence to support your argument that toxic thinking is the contributing factor here! That’s a pretty big statement and photsynthesis, you’ll definitely need to back it up. I COULD KISS YOU RIGHT NOW YOU SAVED MY LIFE. 3. can u send me your project on romeo prologue, my email [emailprotected] nice .. great work you have done.. thanks for help Naomi… Thanks for reading and for your kind comment!
Thanks for your comment! Argumentative essay known as a task challenging somehow but the thing you break it up, that was a sick info. Thanks so so much. P.S. Peer Research? loved your sense of humour. Aww, shucks. Romeo Essay? Thanks for software engineering research your sweet comment! #128578; bless you!! i have a paper due and this helps so much ^^ Woot! So glad to hear it.
Thanks for reading! Thank you so much for the helpful outline. This is by far one of the most detailed and useful outline I have used. Keep up the good work. Thanks for your kind comment! Happy the outline helped you. Hehe love this comment. Thanks for your kind words and happy to help. #128578; You’re super welcome!
Thanks for romeo prologue the kind comment! A history paper isn’t necessarily the same as an argumentative essay, though it *can* be. It really depends on how you approach your topic. Read that suggested post though, it should help you get started! man, i think you dont no what you did to kingdom essays me. thank U a lot. Hehe hopefully it was a good thing.
Thanks for the thank you. #128578; this helped me so much. Thank you . Sweet! Happy to hear it. Thanks, very helpful. Yay! Happy you think so. #128578; i love this blog … you are an awesome teacher … Aww, shucks. Thanks so much for reading. #128578; Hehe I’m 100% positive you could be as smart as me. Happy this helped and thanks for the kind comment! #128578;
I’m not the best at romeo and juliet prologue essay, writing essays, especially argumentative ones… This is a huge help! Thank you so very much!! #128578; Sweet! Happy to help out. #128578; Thank you so so so so so so so so much Naomi!! I was having trouble writing an argumentative essay from avid elective class you are greatly appreciated! *bows down to kingdom essays you* You will be a great writer I promise #128578;
P.S. have you made any more of these? Haha, thanks for the super kind comment. I really appreciate it! Yes, I’ve written quite a few other posts for this blog (though not so much any more since I manage it now). Here are a few that you might like: Yay! Final complete! Congrats and romeo and juliet prologue, happy this helped. Thanks for photsynthesis the kind comment. #128578; I was stumped in class by the prompt for a six paragraph essay. Romeo? This article is great.
THANK YOU! Noiiice! Happy this helped you. Essay On Usage? Thanks for the comment. Congratulations on your upcoming graduation! So happy that this post helped you get to the finish line.
Thanks for essay the kind comment #128578; Naomi. omg you just saved my life i could kiss you 3. What if you are writing at school and they don’t allow you to use your computer to look up information for the text. In that case you’ll want to prepare in advance as best you can by becoming as familiar as possible with the type of essay you’ll be writing and the type of material you need to essay and science know for the essay. You might check out this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-timed-essay/ if you reply to me ill be so happy. You’re awesome!
Thanks a lot for romeo prologue this excellent blog post Naomi. Thanks so much for essay the comment! #128578; Wow i love this. Thanks Naomi for the educative piece. That’s great! Thanks for romeo the kind comment. I’m in love with this phenomenal blogger.*SIGHS* Aww!
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Ooh! You must be feeling the pressure. I’m sure you’ll do great, especially since you are reaching out for advice. It’s about romeo prologue, writing a timed (in-class) essay, and a lot of the advice can apply to other types of timed essay tests too. Point #5 is especially important: “If you’re really nervous, practice writing under pressure before your test. Set a timer for peaceable essays the same amount of time you’ll have during the actual test, and work on writing a coherent essay about a sample prompt or an and juliet essay important topic.” I’d also research the different types of essay prompts that they’ve given in the past to of cellphones driving use for your practice writing session. Maybe this resource will help? http://www.firstcertificatewriting.co.uk/live/paper-2-writing-part-1-essays/ I wish you the best on and juliet, your FCE! Thanks for the comment. Software Research? #128578; So glad you think it’s helpful!
Thanks for reading! xoxo. i really like the explanation bcoz it’s clear and it’s not explained in a boring way like how most people did. thanks a lot! this really helped my homework :)) Great! That’s exactly what I was going for. So happy it helped you. Thanks for the comment! #128578; You’re awesome! Thanks for reading. Very helpful article! Thank you so much!
Great! Happy to help. Hi, it is romeo and juliet prologue essay, really a clear and interactive, detailed graph. Could I cite it in and juliet prologue essay my assignment? Sure, you’re welcome to cite it #128578; Thanks for reading. OK I need help I have two argumentative essays due Wednesday and I looked at your website and it helped me a ton i never could have done it without you. On Usage? thx so much. now i just need to make one… You’ve totally got this!! THANK YOU SO MUCH. I am already almost done and it is mostly because of this page! Thanks for the words of essay encouragement! U guys are the essay driving, best.
So glad it was helpful! Thanks for reading #128578; Ma’am you are such a saviour. #128536;#128536;#128536; Thank you for reading! Loved the explanation! Thanks a lot for being that graphic. So glad you liked it! Thanks for the comment #128578; Hey there, Michael #128578; Thanks for stopping by! thanks for saving my life :-):-)
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Is this good for an argumentative essay titled ( Animals in Captivity )?? Have you thought why animals roar,cry, weak, looking upset? And why caged birds sing? In 2014 a research from Harvard University showed that 10,000 animals from romeo, different species around the world. die every year out of loneliness, violence, shortage of food and begin an essay, air and lack of freedom. Animals are living organisms as humans and plants and and juliet prologue, need a lot of rights that we should put them in consideration. I can not THANK YOU for ALL of this information. Photsynthesis Interactive Site? I wrote, deleted, rewrote, deleted, over and over again for days! You have helped me so much with my project!! So glad you found it helpful, Cheryl!! Thank you for reading #128578;
This is prologue essay, soooo good. Thank u. You’re welcome, Satwika! Thank you for reading!
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10 best debate topics for technology essays. How long could you go without technology? We live in the world which is connected with technology. When was the last time you left your home without your mobile phone, watched television or chatted with your friends online? Chances are, not very long ago. Even though technology has many benefits, it also affects the way how people socialize and communicate all together lack of romeo and juliet emotions, ignorance of personal space and absence of intimacy. Now, let`s imagine just one day without technology. A world without technology means a life without: computers, mobile phones, gadgets, cars, medical equipment and this list can go on.
Silence would cover the world#8230;or not? Chaos or peace? Without technology the world would definitely change, but how? Will letters replace e-mails? Will we turn to reading books, instead of searching online? Will we use old methods to essay on usage driving communicate? Will we walk more? Total silence is romeo prologue almost unbearable, when you hear your own heartbeat. Does it look like something we have been dreaming about?
Apparently, the answer is: `No! ` Taking into how to account the essay, fact, that people start using technology from the youth; can you think of the effects of communication technology on teenagers? It`s important to on literature and science speak namely about romeo prologue essay teenagers, as they are considered the most vulnerable and easily-affected part of humanity. Over the last decade, technology became an essential part of many teenagers` lives. It`s overwhelming and they can`t get away from it, because it becomes a habit, a way of life. A Quote! The problem is that we can`t identify when online social networking becomes an addiction. An average person spends about an hour a day for communication online. Some teenagers spend much more than that. Even though technology has grown to be a major aspect of society in our daily activities, teenagers have to romeo and juliet prologue be aware of the on literature and science, consequences if it is excessively used. In case you want to write an argumentative essay on technologyand disclose the pros and cons of this notion, you should search for the topic that will be controversial for you first of all. Therefore, while writing, you will find the benefits and downfalls of technology.
Once you found the answers for your own questions, be sure, your essay is worth reading. Technology essay topics may include quite a wide range of concepts and romeo and juliet essay, ideas. This sphere involves enormous amount of photsynthesis site people every day, as technology is everywhere. You might want to insert statistical data in your essays about technology, which is absolutely reasonable. Since there`s a large number of topics that can be covered, here are 10 best ideas, that might encourage an original topic of romeo essay your own. Do the mass media and software engineering paper, information technology have an influence on the process of globalization? Effects of technology on communication in modern society. Is it a benefit or downfall to insert technology in education?
Beneficial role of technology in helping people obtain an education. Technology today: a scourge or blessing? What should be invented by prologue essay, social media developers in order to protect privacy? Self-explanatory question: `Is fast developing technology good or bad for people`s psychological state? ` Restrictions for cars based on peer editing research, emission testing and level of pollution. Essay! Can artificial intelligence replace teachers at school, doctors in the hospital, housewives at home? The next grand innovation in technology is#8230; While writing a technology essay on one of these topics, make sure that your essay looks at the roots of our society and our technology.
If we really care of what`s happening around us, we should take care of the roots. The roots aren`t always visible, but they are incredibly important. Essay On Literature! Technology is changing the world we live in and it should be shown in the essay. It`s important to acknowledge, that the essay about technology isn`t self-evident. It might seem clear at romeo, first sight, but in fact your aim is to explain your position and be able to argue for it. It requires more than just learning the photsynthesis interactive site, subject, it requires getting into the deeper understanding, such as creating controversial statements, showing two argumentative sides, making up counterarguments. Thus, before writing an essay on technology, choose a topic wisely. It should be not just relevant and interesting, but also frequently discussed. Firstly, it will be of a great benefit, if you read a lot of technology essays on romeo and juliet essay, the chosen topic and come up with your own ideas on the problem. Secondly, search for a proper amount of evidence to substantiate your opinion. If you want to write a really persuasive essay on technology, be confident in your own point of photsynthesis site view.
Readers will feel your insecurity straight away and might stop reading halfway. And your own opinion should be supported by facts and romeo prologue essay, examples. For instance, my analysis proves that technology has lots of disadvantages, such as pollution, global warming, issues with communication; technology can be the reason of the complex of engineering paper inferiority in many cases. And Juliet Prologue Essay! Here, I would like to stop and stress your attention to the amount of advantages and situation where technology disappears or stops its developing. Hard to imagine the scope of harm that people can be put in without being connected in the modern world. The range of how to problems that would immediately appear in romeo and juliet prologue the sphere of security, medicine, insurance, ecology, business and labour is on literature and science impossible to romeo measure. These are things that could be overcome though.
In my opinion, the one thing that people won`t be able to cope with is making a step back. Since the how to begin an essay a quote, humanity has already experienced fast travelling, speed dating, online banking, quick money transferring, it will be the romeo and juliet, a great step back for all the peer research paper, nations to refuse all these innovations and romeo and juliet prologue, go back to, obviously, less comfortable way of life. Although, people can adjust to any lifestyle and are able to go through a lot of obstacles, the reverse phycology would be helpless here. If the humanity have had to give up on technology and go back to essay on usage of cellphones while `stone age` it would have led to resistance, insurrection and riots. Romeo And Juliet! To knock all of the heap, essays on peer editing research paper, technologyshould include three main components: confidence from the author on and juliet prologue essay, his own standpoint, properly chosen topic and the ability to `look deeply in the roots`.
Let your technology essays inspire other people`s imagination and how to, creativity, this is the best possible recognition of your writing skills and talent.
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essay number system Following are some of the different number systems discussed in the history of mathematics. The number sense is not the ability to count, but the ability to recognize that something has changes in a small collection. Some animal species are capable of this. The number of young that the mother animal has, if changed, will be noticed by all mammals and most birds. Mammals have more developed brains and raise fewer young than other species, but take better care of their young for a much longer period of romeo and juliet, time.
Many birds have a good number sense. If a nest contains four eggs, one can safely be taken, but when two are removed the bird generally deserts. The bird can distinguish two from three. 1. An experiment done with a goldfinch showed the ability to distinguish piles of seed: three from one, three from quality two, four from two, four from three, and six from three. The goldfinch almost always confused five and four, seven and five, eight and romeo essay six, and ten and six. Another experiment involved a squire who was trying to shoot a crow which made its nest in the watchtower of his estate. The squire tried to surprise the crow, but at his approach, the crow would leave, watch from a distance, and not come back until the peaceable man left the tower. The squire then took another man with him to the tower.
One man left and the other stayed to get the crow when it returned to romeo and juliet prologue the nest, but the crow was not deceived. The crow stayed away until the other man came out. The experiment was repeated the next day with three men, but the crow would not return to the nest. The following day, four men tried, but it was not until that next day with five men that the crow returned to the nest with one man still in the tower. 2. In the insect world, the solitary wasp seemed to have the best number sense. ?The mother wasp lays her eggs in individual cells and provides each egg with a number of live caterpillars on which the how to begin an essay with a quote young feed when hatched. Romeo Prologue. Some species of wasp always provide five, others twelve, and others as high as twenty-four caterpillars per cell. The solitary wasp in the genus Eumenus, will put five caterpillars in the cell if it is going to an essay be a male (the male is romeo essay, smaller) and ten caterpillars in a female?s cell. This ability seems to be instinctive and not learned since the wasp?s behavior is connected with a basic life function.? 3. One might think people would have a very good number sense, but as it turns out, people do not. ?Experiments have shown that the average person has a number sense that is quality research, around four.? 4.
People groups in the world today that have not developed finger counting have a hard time discerning the and juliet prologue quantity four. On Literature And Science. They tend to use the quantities one, two and many-which would include four. ?Small children around fourteen months of and juliet, age will almost always notice something that is missing from a group that he or she is familiar with. The same age child can usually reassemble objects that have been separated into paper one group again. But the prologue child?s ability to an essay with a quote perceive numerical differences in essay, the people or objects around him or her are very limited when the number goes beyond three or four.? 5. So what separates people from the rest of the animal kingdom? It may include many things, but the essay on usage driving ability to count is very much one of them.
Counting, which usually begins at the end of romeo and juliet prologue, our own hands or fingers, is usually taught by another person or possibly by of cellphones while circumstance. Romeo And Juliet Essay. It is something that we should never take lightly for it has helped advance the human race in essay, countless ways. The number sense is something many creatures in this world have as well as well as we do. Although, as we can see, our human ability is not much better than the prologue common crow?s ability. We are born with the photsynthesis interactive number sense, but we get to learn how to and juliet prologue count. Contributed by Bruce White. Imagine, if you will, a highly advanced civilization. This civilization rules over a million or more people, they built vast cities, developed extensive road systems, treated their citizens fairly and constructed stone walls so tight not even a knife blade can pass between the research huge boulders. Prologue Essay. Now imagine being able to do all this without a written language. This was the ancient South American civilization of the Inca Empire. A highly developed civilization able to track all important facts required to rule such a vast empire.
They did this using a memory tool made of knotted strings called a quipu. The men in charge of maintaining the quipu were known as quipu camayocs or keeper of the quipu. Since they had no written language and very few ancient quipu are left, we can only speculate what the of cellphones while quipu was actually used for. It's fortunate quipu are still used today, so we may be able to learn about the ancient ones by seeing how the modern ones are used. Combine this with oral traditions and essay it appears they were used to keep records on the number of things. Another mystery which remains is, what base did the Inca use ? All their neighbors used a base 60, but it appears the Inca used base 10. Recent discoveries, as yet unsubstantiated, back this theory. For our purpose, we will assume it was base 10. Making a quipu was easy. Thin strings were looped around a larger cord.
Knots of colored thread or string were then tied around the thinner strings. How To Begin An Essay With. Where the knots were placed indicated the value. The closer to romeo and juliet prologue essay the large cord a knot was placed, the greater its value. They way a knot was tied and the color used may be significant, but without a written language, we just don't know. Some quipu found were several feet in length, so it was very important for the quipu camayocs to remember the who, where and what of each string and its placement on the larger cord. Contributed by while driving Steven Tuck. McIntyre, Loren. The Lost Empire of the Incas, National Geographic, Dec.
1973, 729 - 766. Ancient Egyptians had an understanding of fractions, however they did not write simple fractions as 3/5 or 4/9 because of romeo prologue essay, restrictions in interactive, notation. The Egyptian scribe wrote fractions with the numerator of 1. They used the hieroglyph an open mouth above the number to indicate its reciprocal. The number 5, written , as a fraction 1/5 would be written . And Juliet Prologue Essay. There are some exceptions. There was a special hieroglyph for 2/3, , and some evidence that 3/4 also had a special hieroglyph. All other fractions were written as the sum of unit fractions. On Literature And Science. For example 3/8 was written as 1/4 + 1/8. The Egyptians had a need for fractions, such as the division of food, supplies, either equally or in and juliet essay, a specific ratio. For example a division of 3 loaves among 5 men would require the fraction of 3/5.
As new situations arose the Egyptians developed special techniques for dealing with the notation they already had, which meant the fraction was expressed as a sum of the unit fraction. Today as new concepts arise, mathematicians devise n new notation to peaceable kingdom deal with the situation. Fractions were so important to prologue essay the Egyptians that of the 87 problems in photsynthesis site, the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus only romeo and juliet prologue, six did not involve fractions. Because the kingdom Egyptians performed their multiplications and divisions by doubling and halving, it was necessary to be able to double fractions. The scribes would create tables with calculations of fractions along with integers. These tables would be used as references so that temple personnel could carry out the fractional divisions on the food and supplies. Contributed by romeo and juliet prologue essay Audrey Smalley.
Gillings, Richard J. Mathematics in the Time of the Pharaohs. (1982), Dover. The Mayan number system dates back to the fourth century and was approximately 1,000 years more advanced than the Europeans of of cellphones while driving, that time. This system is and juliet prologue, unique to our current decimal system, which has a base 10, in that the Mayan's used a vigesimal system, which had a base 20. This system is believed to have been used because, since the Mayan's lived in begin, such a warm climate and there was rarely a need to wear shoes, 20 was the total number of fingers and toes, thus making the system workable. Therefore two important markers in this system are 20, which relates to the fingers and toes, and five, which relates to romeo the number of digits on software quality research paper one hand or foot. The Mayan system used a combination of two symbols.
A dot (.) was used to represent the and juliet prologue units (one through four) and a dash (-) was used to represent five. It is thought that the Mayan's may have used an essays abacus because of the use of their symbols and, therefore, there may be a connection between the Japanese and certain American tribes (Ortenzi, 1964). The Mayan's wrote their numbers vertically as opposed to romeo horizontally with the lowest denomination on photsynthesis the bottom. Their system was set up so that the first five place values were based on the multiples of 20. They were 1 (20 0 ), 20 (20 1 ), 400 (20 2 ), 8,000 (20 3 ), and 160,000 (20 4 ). In the Arabic form we use the and juliet place values of 1, 10, 100, 1,000, and 10,000. Research. For example, the number 241,083 would be figured out and written as follows: This number written in Arabic would be 22.214.171.124.3 (McLeish, 1991, p. And Juliet Prologue Essay. 129). The Mayan's were also the first to symbolize the concept of nothing (or zero). The most common symbol was that of peaceable kingdom, a shell ( ) but there were several other symbols (e.g. a head).
It is interesting to romeo and juliet essay learn that with all of the great mathematicians and scientists that were around in ancient Greece and essay on literature and science Rome, it was the Mayan Indians who independently came up with this symbol which usually meant completion as opposed to zero or nothing. Below is a visual of different numbers and how they would have been written: In the table below are represented some Mayan numbers. The left column gives the decimal equivalent for each position of teh Mayan number. Remember the numbers are read from bottom to top. And Juliet Prologue. Below each Mayan number is its decimal equivalent.
It has been suggested that counters may have been used, such as grain or pebbles, to represent the units and a short stick or bean pod to represent the fives. Through this system the bars and on usage of cellphones while driving dots could be easily added together as opposed to and juliet prologue essay such number systems as the Romans but, unfortunately, nothing of this form of notation has remained except the number system that relates to the Mayan calendar. For further study: The 360 day calendar also came from the essay Mayan's who actually used base 18 when dealing with the romeo and juliet calendar. Each month contained 20 days with 18 months to a year. This left five days at the end of the year which was a month in itself that was filled with danger and bad luck. In this way, the Mayans had invented the 365 day calendar which revolved around the solar system.
Contributed by interactive Mikelle Mercer. McLeish, J. Prologue. (1991). The story of numbers. New York, NY: Fawcett Columbine. Ortenzi, E. C. (1964). Numbers in ancient times. Portland, ME: J. Weston Walch. Roys, R. Peaceable Kingdom. L. (1972).
The Indian background of colonial Yucatan. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. Thompson, J. Romeo Prologue. E. S. (1967). The rise and essays fall of Maya civilization. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. Trout, L. Romeo Essay. (1991). The Maya.
New York, NY: Chelsea House Publishers. How do we know what the Egyptian language of numbers is? It has been found on the writings on the stones of software engineering paper, monument walls of ancient time. Numbers have also been found on romeo prologue essay pottery, limestone plaques, and on the fragile fibers of the papyrus. Peaceable Kingdom. The language is composed of heiroglyphs, pictorial signs that represent people, animals, plants, and and juliet prologue numbers. The Egyptians used a written numeration that was changed into hieroglyphic writing, which enabled them to note whole numbers to 1,000,000 . It had a decimal base and allowed for the additive principle. In this notation there was a special sign for every power of ten. On Usage Of Cellphones While Driving. For I, a vertical line; for romeo prologue essay, 10, a sign with the editing shape of an upside down U; for 100, a spiral rope; for 1000, a lotus blossom; for 10,000 , a raised finger, slightly bent; for 100,000 , a tadpole; and for 1,000,000, a kneeling genie with upraised arms. This hieroglyphic numeration was a written version of a concrete counting system using material objects.
To represent a number, the sign for each decimal order was repeated as many times as necessary. Romeo And Juliet Essay. To make it easier to read the repeated signs they were placed in groups of two, three, or four and arranged vertically. In writing the numbers , the largest decimal order would be written first. The numbers were written from right to left. Below are some examples from tomb inscriptions. Addition and photsynthesis site Subtraction. The techniques used by the Egyptians for these are essentially the same as those used by modern mathematicians today.The Egyptians added by combining symbols.
They would combine all the and juliet essay units ( ) together, then all of the tens ( ) together, then all of the hundreds ( ), etc. If the essay of cellphones driving scribe had more than ten units ( ), he would replace those ten units by . He would continue to do this until the number of units left was les than ten. This process was continued for the tens, replacing ten tens with , etc. For example, if the scribe wanted to add 456 and 265, his problem would look like this. The scribe would then combine all like symbols to get something like the following. He would then replace the eleven units ( ) with a unit ( ) and a ten ( ). Romeo And Juliet Essay. He would then have one unit and twelve tens. The twelve tens would be replaced by two tens and one one-hundred. Essay On Literature. When he was finished he would have 721, which he would write as. Subtraction was done much the same way as we do it except that when one has to borrow, it is done with writing ten symbols instead of a single one. Egyptians method of multiplication is prologue, fairly clever, but can take longer than the modern day method.
This is how they would have multiplied 5 by 29. 29(5) = 29(1 + 4) = 29 + 116 = 145. The way they did division was similar to essay on usage while driving their multiplication. For the problem 98/7 , they thought of this problem as 7 times some number equals 98. Again the problem was worked in columns.
This time the prologue the numbers in the right-hand column are marked which sum to 98 then the corresponding numbers in the left-hand column are summed to get the quotient. So the answer is essay, 14. 98 = 14 + 28 + 56 = 7(2 + 4 + 8) = 7*14. Boyer, Carl B. - A History of romeo and juliet prologue, Mathematics, John Wiley, New York 1968 Gillings, Richard J. - Mathematics in the Time of the Pharaohs, Dover, New York, 1982 Jason Gilman, David Slavit, - Ancient Egyptian Mathematics., Washington State University, 1995. The Greek numbering system was uniquely based upon their alphabet. The Greek alphabet came from the Phoenicians around 900 B.C. When the Phoenicians invented the alphabet, it contained about 600 symbols. Those symbols took up too much room, so they eventually narrowed it down to 22 symbols. The Greeks borrowed some of the symbols and made up some of their own. But the essay and science Greeks were the first people to have separate symbols, or letters, to represent vowel sounds.
Our own word alphabet comes from the and juliet first two letters, or numbers of the Greek alphabet -- alpha and beta. Using the letters of their alphabet enabled them to and science use these symbols in a more condensed version of their old system, called Attic. The Attic system was similar to other forms of numbering systems of that era. And Juliet. It was based on symbols lined up in research paper, rows and took up a lot of space to write. This might not be to bad, except that they were still carving into stone tablets, and the symbols of the prologue alphabet allowed them to stamp values on coins in a smaller, more condensed version. For example, represented the number 849. The original Greek alphabet consisted of 27 letters and was written from the left to the right. These 27 letters make up the main 27 symbols used in their numbering system. While. Later special symbols, which were used only for mathematics vau, koppa, and sampi, became extinct. The New Greek alphabet nowadays uses only 24 letters. If you notice, the prologue essay Greeks did not have a symbol for zero.
They could string these 27 symbols together to software quality engineering represent any number up to 1000. By putting a comma in front of any symbol in the first row, they could now write any number up to 10,000. Here are representations for 1000, 2000 and the number we gave above 849. This works great for smaller numbers, but what about larger numbers? Here the Greeks went back to the Attic System, and used the romeo and juliet symbol M for 10,000.
And used multiples of 10,000 by putting symbols above M. Burton, David M. The History of Mathematics - An Introduction. Dubuque, Iowa: William C. Brown, 1988. The Babylonians lived in peer editing research, Mesopotamia, which is between the romeo Tigris and Euphrates rivers. They began a numbering system about 5,000 years ago.
It is a quote, one of the romeo and juliet prologue oldest numbering systems. The first mathematics can be traced to how to an essay with a quote the ancient country of Babylon, during the third millennium B.C. Tables were the Babylonians most outstanding accomplishment which helped them in calculating problems. One of the Babylonian tablets, Plimpton 322, which is dated from between 1900 and 1600 BC, contains tables of Pythagorean triples for the equation a 2 + b 2 = c 2 . It is currently in a British museum. Nabu - rimanni and essay Kidinu are two of the only known mathematicians from Babylonia. However, not much is known about begin an essay a quote them. Historians believe Nabu - rimanni lived around 490 BC and prologue Kidinu lived around 480 BC. The Babylonian number system began with tally marks just as most of the ancient math systems did. An Essay A Quote. The Babylonians developed a form of writing based on and juliet prologue cuneiform. Cuneiform means wedge shape in Latin.
They wrote these symbols on wet clay tablets which were baked in the hot sun. Essay And Science. Many thousands of these tablets are still around today. The Babylonians used a stylist to imprint the symbols on the clay since curved lines could not be drawn. The Babylonians had a very advanced number system even for today's standards. It was a base 60 system (sexigesimal) rather than a base ten (decimal).
Base ten is romeo essay, what we use today. The Babylonians divided the day into begin an essay twenty-four hours, each hour into sixty minutes, and and juliet essay each minute to essay on usage while driving sixty seconds. This form of prologue essay, counting has survived for editing research, four thousand years. Any number less than 10 had a wedge that pointed down. The number 10 was symbolized by a wedge pointing to the left. Numbers less than 60 were made by and juliet essay combining the symbols of 1and 10. As with our numbering system, the Babylonian numbering system utilized units, ie tens, hundreds, thousands. However, they did not have a symbol for zero, but they did use the idea of zero. When they wanted to peer checklist express zero, they just left a blank space in romeo and juliet prologue, the number they were writing. When they wrote 60, they would put a single wedge mark in the second place of the numeral.
When they wrote 120, they would put two wedge marks in the second place. Following are some examples of larger numbers. history/HistTopics/Babylonian_and_Egyptian.html 6-12-00 6:00 pm URL:http://www.angelfire.com/il2/babylonianmath/mathematicians.html 6-12-00 6:00 pm Boyer, Merzbach. A History of Mathematics. John Wiley Sons, 1989. Second Edition. Bunt, Jones, and while driving Bedient. The Historical Roots of Elementary Mathematics. Essay. Dover Publications.
1988. Thousands of years ago there were no numbers to represent ?two? or ?three?. Instead fingers, rocks, sticks or eyes were used to represent numbers. There were neither clocks nor calendars to help keep track of time. The sun and moon were used to quality engineering distinguish between 1 PM and and juliet prologue essay 4 PM. Peer Editing Checklist Research. Most civilizations did not have words for numbers larger than two so they had to romeo use terminology familiar to them such as ?flocks? of sheep, ?heaps? of grain, or ?lots? of people. There was little need for a numeric system until groups of people formed clans, villages and settlements and began a system of bartering and trade that in turn created a demand for currency. How would you distinguish between five and fifty if you could only use the of cellphones while above terminology? Paper and pencils were not available to essay transcribe numbers. Other methods were invented for kingdom essays, means of communication and teaching of numerical systems.
Babylonians stamped numbers in clay by using a stick and depressing it into the clay at different angles or pressures and the Egyptians painted on prologue pottery and cut numbers into stone. Numerical systems devised of symbols were used instead of numbers. For example, the Egyptians used the following numerical symbols: From Esther Ortenzi, Numbers in Ancient Times. Peer. Maine: J. Weston Walch, 1964, page 9. The Chinese had one of the and juliet oldest systems of numerals that were based on sticks laid on tables to begin a quote represent calculations. And Juliet. It is as follows: From David Smith and Jekuthiel Ginsburg, Numbers and Numerals. W. D. Reeve, 1937, page 11.
From about 450 BC the Greeks had several ways to essay on usage of cellphones write their numbers, the most common way was to use the first ten letters in their alphabet to represent the first ten numbers. To distinguish between numbers and letters they often placed a mark (/ or ?) by each letter: From David Smith and prologue Jekuthiel Ginsburg, Numbers and Numerals. W. D. Reeve, 1937, page 12. The Roman numerical system is interactive site, still used today although the symbols have changed from romeo and juliet prologue time to time. The Romans often wrote four as IIII instead of IV, I from on literature V. Romeo Prologue. Today the Roman numerals are used to site represent numerical chapters of books or for the main divisions of outlines. The earliest forms of Roman numeral values are: From David Smith and Jekuthiel Ginsburg, Numbers and Numerals.
W. D. Reeve, 1937, page 14. Finger numerals were used by the ancient Greeks, Romans, Europeans of the Middle Ages, and romeo and juliet essay later the Asiatics. Still today you can see children learning to count on our own finger numerical system. The old system is quality engineering, as follows: From Tobias Dantzig, Number: The Language of Science. Macmillan Company, 1954, page 2. From counting by means of ?flocks? to finger symbols our current numerical system has evolved from the Hindu numerals to essay present day numbers. The journey has taken us from 2400 BC to present day and we still use some of the old numerical systems and symbols.
Our system of numerics is ever changing and who knows what it will look like in 2140 AD. Will we still count using our fingers or will mankind invent a new numerical tool?