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Essay on dictatorship in india

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Essay: The value of qualitative research to in india social work research. Select a specific research method and critically evaluate its usefulness to researching in/for social work. It is not unusual for practitioners and students to become anxious about the paper, prospect of undertaking social research. On Dictatorship? The reputation of research is difficult, mechanical and a tedious set of rituals that are linked to unappealing scientific or objective routines and tasks which ultimately result in remote, dry and even aloof as well as impenetrable, reports, books, and academic papers. Although challenging, most forms of qualitative research are accessible, rewarding, relevant, and at times, enlightening. Alongside personal interest or curiosity, there may be times when a person has little choice, as a research element remains a compulsory part of a taught course (Carey, 2012). Many of the core skills required for argumentative essay on an article, qualitative research will have been developed or mastered by many students and practitioners. For instance, an essay will entail related tasks such as collecting, processing, and analysing information. Furthermore, social work practitioners conduct interviews in assessments or write reports for funding panels or reports for court proceedings.

Moreover, qualitative research is learned just as much through direct experience as through study and essay on dictatorship in india, can help promote our imagination and sense of creativity or curiosity and the urge to know more (Shaw, 2012). According to the Social Work Policy Institute (2010), social work research informs professional practice. Social work research allows the professional to assess the needs and resources of people in their environments, evaluate the effectiveness of social work services in meeting people’s needs, demonstrate relative costs and research paper powerpoint, benefits of social work services, advance professional education in light of changing contexts for practice, and understand the impact of legislation and social policy on the clients and communities served. In the field of social work, practitioners must remain well-informed regarding any research advances in their respective areas. Advocates of evidence-based practice expect social workers to engage in practice informed by the best available evidence. Research studies conducted through the lens of qualitative studies provide important contributions to the social work knowledge base. In India? In many cases, these studies can represent the best available research regarding emerging problems or application of essay, evidence to diverse populations (Lietz Zayas, 2010). Qualitative research continues to in india be a valuable approach in social work practice. In 1994, the Council on Social Work Education required that qualitative research methods be taught in powerpoint, all accredited bachelor’s and master’s level social work programs, a requirement renewed in on dictatorship in india, the Education Policy and Accreditation Standards in 2002 and again in 2008 (Drisko, 2013).

A universal definition of does not exist. The literature of social science and reduce accidents, applied professional fields, such as interpretive, naturalistic, constructivist, ethnographic, and on dictatorship in india, fieldwork are variously employed to designate the broad collection of approaches that are simply qualitative research (Hunt, 2004). Qualitative research approaches allow researchers to connect with people in deeply personal ways that enable the persons being researched to on an express the on dictatorship in india, rich meanings of their thoughts, actions, and events in their lives. The two main types of qualitative methods, in-depth interviews and observation, brings researchers into close contact with the about how to road, lived experiences of the people being researched. These interactions frequently involve personal topics that can evoke powerful emotions for both the researcher and informants. These evocative situations provide researchers the opportunity to explore the deep meanings of the phenomena as well as develop new theories and understandings that have rich and nuanced dimensions. Therefore, the in india, knowledge gained is not only who is more or lady macbeth essay, information that passes through the central processors of the brain, but also arises from our hearts and deeply held emotions. Therefore, understandings gained via the on dictatorship in india, engagement of heart and essay are important, mind have an immediate potential to connect to the hearts and minds of audiences. This immediacy can be beneficial to essay in india persons who are members of on why are important, social work constituencies such as maltreated children, poor people of in india, colour, homeless families, people with mental illnesses and frail elderly who are disenfranchised from the political system and whose voices are regularly suppressed within the arenas where their fates are debated and babylon essay, shaped: public opinion, legislatures, and social service agencies (Gilgun Abrams, 2002).

The commitment of qualitative social work practice to the empowerment of the disenfranchised population is essay on dictatorship in india commendable. Qualitative social work researchers emphasize empowerment as their most dominant ethical consideration. Yet, empowerment is often an exclusive ethical principle. The exclusiveness of the empowering research trend can be understood from two contemporary perspectives: the nature of social work and the lack of a specific code of good essay, ethics and training in ethics for essay, qualitative social work researchers. Good Essay Words? Most social work is not basic research. Instead, social work is an ideology committed discipline in which practitioners and researchers have a duty to promote justice and improve welfare.

The concept of empowerment allows social work researchers, particularly qualitative researchers, to work towards these goals via their research. Furthermore, by empowering research participants and related populations, social work researchers can bridge a gap that might exist between their value commitments as social workers and a lack of training on research ethics. Therefore, empowerment offers social work researchers the opportunity to essay in india be ethical according to current mainstream thinking in social work. Essay About How To? The trend to essay on dictatorship emphasize empowerment in qualitative social work studies reveals merits and some limitations, as researchers often emphasize successful or resilient individuals within oppressed groups studied. The dual focus on words resiliency and empowerment contributes to research participants as role models of successful coping within their communities. Simultaneously, it overshadows the stories of the multitudes of ordinary unfortunate members of these oppressed or disenfranchised populations. The target of most empowerment studies is to increase the social power of populations and not the essay on dictatorship, research participants themselves, resilient or not (Peled Leichtentritt, 2002). A number of advantages have been documented about the use of revisited essay, qualitative methodologies for social work. On Dictatorship In India? For example, descriptive, inductive, and unobtrusive techniques for data collection are regarded as compatible with the knowledge and values of the social work profession.

In circumstances where social workers are faced with issues and problems that are not amenable to quantitative examination, qualitative methods have been advocated. The social’psychological bases of essay, qualitative research suggest that it is essay on dictatorship in india compatible with the person-in-environment paradigm of social work practice. Argumentative On An? Qualitative approaches are similar in method to clinical social work assessments, as clinicians rely on interviews to gather data on a client’s issues in on dictatorship in india, the context of the environment. The clinician reviews a series of hunches and working hypotheses that are based on observations made through ongoing contact with the client. Qualitative researchers, like clinicians, are trained to investigate each case individually, without imposing preconceived notions or attempting to generalize to more evil macbeth all clients having a particular problem.

Qualitative researchers maintain field notes and documents on their research, just as clinicians maintain running accounts of contact with a client in the form of essay, process recordings or case records. In studies of social processes of complex human systems such as families, organizations, and communities, qualitative methodology may be the most appropriate research strategy. Scholars of the family now extol the benefits of qualitative methodologies in gaining, or understanding, the essay how to reduce road accidents, dynamic processes, meanings, communication patterns, experiences, and essay, individual and family constructions of reality. Evil Essay? Field settings and social service agencies provide unique opportunities for the qualitative study of social processes (McRoy, 2010). Qualitative approaches have the advantage of flexibility and, in-depth analysis, as well as the potential to observe a variety of on dictatorship, features of a social situation. Qualitative researchers conducting face-to-face interviews can quickly adjust the interview schedule if the interviewee’s responses suggest the need for additional probes or lines of good essay words and phrases, inquiry in future interviews. On Dictatorship? Moreover, qualitative researchers can develop and use questions on the spot which can aid in a more in-depth understanding of a respondent’s beliefs, attitudes, or situation. During the course of an interview or observation, a researcher is able to note changes in bodily expression, mood, voice intonation, and environmental factors that could influence the interviewee’s responses. This observational data can be especially valuable when a respondent’s body language runs counter to verbal responses given to interview questions.

Nevertheless, qualitative methodology is not completely precise because human beings do not always act logically or predictably (McCoy, 2010). Qualitative research is frequently based on the researcher’s interpretations or judgements. Interpretations are by evil macbeth or lady macbeth, nature very personal and influenced by the researcher’s own values and individual biases. These criticisms are considered subjectivity. Therefore, qualitative research findings cannot be replicated in the same way as quantitative results. For example, two qualitative researchers, one with a more pessimistic viewpoint and one with a more optimistic viewpoint, both studying the same phenomenon and essay on dictatorship, interviewing the same individuals, may attain different conclusions because the interpretive process would be impacted by their dissimilar world views. However, it should be noted that a primary emphasis on designing rigorous qualitative studies helps to minimize researcher bias.

Qualitative research findings do not generalize to populations beyond the sample. This is due to the subjectivity of the results and because they are so specific to essay the sample. Generalizability is not the essay on dictatorship in india, aim of qualitative research because the goal of qualitative research is to essay about how to develop a rich understanding of an aspect of human experience. As the essay on dictatorship, aim of qualitative research is understanding rather than generalization, data collection continues as saturation occurs. Saturation occurs with relatively small sample sizes of 30, 20 or 10 participants (Krysik Finn, 2013). A risk of betrayal can result from the evil essay, greater closeness, and consequent trust may develop between the in india, researcher and essay on why deadlines, participant in qualitative research. On Dictatorship In India? The risk of betrayal increases because of the characteristic use of smaller samples and the emphasis on the details of essay, how people live their lives (Shaw, 2008). Qualitative research evokes consideration about confidentiality and the protection of participant identity. On Dictatorship? Ethical questions arise due to the special closeness that may develop between qualitative researchers and study participants.

Since participant observation is a key methodology, the on why, researcher must explain how he or she plans to address the issue of non-consenting members of the group. It is not unusual for qualitative researchers to investigate ‘hidden’ populations who engage in essay in india, behaviour defined as deviant. Applicants studying individuals who may be subject to legal sanctions if their identities are revealed will need to specify procedures to ensure confidentiality (National Institute of Health, 2001). Although time, budgetary, and other resource constraints may impact qualitative research, these constraints should not be allowed to undermine it. Other important considerations must be considered such as the data collection method, as well as, the human resources available to the project and their skills must be taken into account (Wilmot, 2005). Qualitative research can require an enormous amount of and phrases, time and be extremely labour intensive. It can also produce results that may not be generalizable for policy-making or decision making, and many funding sources think it may be simply too expensive (Trochim, 2006). The democratization of social work research is one direction in which the politics of the research have moved centre-stage. The belated increase in the awareness of research funders that qualitative research makes an important and distinctive contribution to essay in india policy, practice, and strategic research poses new challenges to good and phrases qualitative researchers to address ethical issues in a persuasive and original way when applying for funding (Shaw, 2008).

Qualitative methods are particularly suitable for essay, use with people who are more comfortable responding in an interview format than to a standardized survey questionnaire. It has been suggested that the gender of respondents should be a consideration in selecting a research strategy because many women may prefer qualitative research techniques to quantitative approaches as they favour opportunities to discuss subjects in context. Additionally, some members of argumentative on an article, ethnic groups, low income populations, or people who are socially distant from the essay on dictatorship, researcher are more likely to participate in the in-depth interviews characteristic of qualitative research than to complete a structured questionnaire or survey. To enhance the validity of results in research with diverse populations, research questions must be clearly constructed and must not be subject to on why are important different cultural interpretations. Moreover, due to the subjective nature of on dictatorship, qualitative research, it is important for the researcher to continually engage in self-examination to be certain that his or her own biases and stereotypes are not influencing the interpretation of the findings. On the other hand, because qualitative analysis allows researchers to evil or lady explore in depth all factors that might affect a particular issue, this strategy permits sensitive consideration of the complexities of human diversity (McCoy, 2010). Then again, when compared with surveys and experiments, qualitative research measurements normally provide more depth of meaning but have less reliability. Essay On Dictatorship In India? Also, qualitative research results cannot be generalized as safely as those based on rigorous sampling and standardized questionnaires (Rubin Babbin, 2009). Prolonged engagement is used to reduce the impact of reactivity and article, respondent bias. It is assumed that a long and trusting relationship between a researcher and respondent gives the respondents less opportunity to essay on dictatorship in india deceive and research paper powerpoint, is therefore less likely to withhold information and lie. Essay? Plus, lengthy interviews or follow-up interviews with the same respondent enables the essay on why deadlines are important, researcher to detect distortion or the essay on dictatorship in india, respondent to disclose socially undesirable truths.

However, there are drawbacks to prolonged engagement as lengthy engagement can lead to bias if the researcher over-identifies with the research paper powerpoint, respondent and essay on dictatorship in india, lose his or her objective, analytic stance, or own sense of revisited essay, identity. The term for this narrative is going native. Notwithstanding, qualitative studies that lack prolonged engagement should be viewed with caution as some authors think that because qualitative inquiries emphasizes flexibility, the label ‘qualitative’ means ‘anything goes’. The most common example occurs when a researcher thinks that one brief open- ended interview with each respondent is satisfactory (Rubin Babbie, 2009, p.233). In India? Another decisive factor in argumentative essay on an, whether the qualitative research report provides sufficient detail about the study’s contexts and participants is to enable readers in essay, other situations to determine if the findings seem likely to apply to the contexts or populations with which they are concerned. Researchers using qualitative observation must fuse two paradoxical perspectives. Evil Macbeth? The first is the emic perspective in which they attempt to adopt the beliefs, attitudes, and essay in india, other points of view shared by the members of the culture being studied. The second is the etic perspective which means maintaining objectivity as an outsider and raising questions about the culture being observed that would not occur to members of that culture (Rubbin Babbin, 2009). In conclusion, it is true that many people dislike the thought of researching, yet it is also true that once research is initiated, it can be become addictive as the researchers thirst for knowledge is awakened.

It is research paper powerpoint a positive attribute that quantitative research engages with hard-to-reach populations and offers insight in extremely complex and often hidden social problems. Essay In India? It gives oppressed populations a voice that can pave the way for social inclusion and action research paper, social justice. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Social work essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of on dictatorship in india, expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Essay On Why Are Important? Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Social work work in in india, your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Social work essay was submitted to on an us by a student in on dictatorship, order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: The value of qualitative research to social work research . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/social-work/essay-the-value-of-qualitative-research-to-social-work-research/ [05-10-17].

If you are the essay on why are important, original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on in india our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 04-12-15 - Essay: How changing laws, policies and economical ideologies impact on social work practice 10-10-15 - Essay: The value of qualitative research to social work research 21-09-15 - Essay: Social work 17-09-15 - Essay: The Incredible Years Programs 13-09-15 - Essay: The First Response Team 08-09-15 - Essay: Armenian Family Case 25-07-14 - Essay on the Multi-Ethnic Placement Act as Amended by about how to accidents, the Inter-Ethnic Adoption Provision of essay, 1996. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on more macbeth or lady macbeth essay time. Essay UK is a trading name of in india, Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 .

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The Modern Essay by Virginia Woolf. Widely considered one of the finest essayists of the 20th century, Virginia Woolf composed this essay as a review of Ernest Rhys's five-volume anthology of Modern English Essays: 1870-1920 (J.M. Dent, 1922). The review originally appeared in The Times Literary Supplement , November 30, 1922, and Woolf included a slightly revised version in her first collection of essays, The Common Reader (1925). In her brief preface to the collection, Woolf distinguished the common reader (a phrase borrowed from Samuel Johnson) from the essay critic and scholar: He is worse educated, and nature has not gifted him so generously.

He reads for on an article, his own pleasure rather than to impart knowledge or correct the opinions of others. Above all, he is guided by an instinct to create for himself, out of whatever odds and ends he can come by, some kind of whole--a portrait of essay, a man, a sketch of an age, a theory of the art of writing. Here, assuming the guise of the common reader, she offers a few . . . ideas and opinions about the nature of the English essay. Compare Woolf's thoughts on essay writing with those expressed by Maurice Hewlett in The Maypole and the Column and by how to accidents, Charles S. Brooks in The Writing of Essays. As Mr. Rhys truly says, it is unnecessary to in india, go profoundly into the history and origin of the essay--whether it derives from Socrates or Siranney the Persian--since, like all living things, its present is more important than its past. Moreover, the family is widely spread; and while some of its representatives have risen in the world and wear their coronets with the on why are important best, others pick up a precarious living in the gutter near Fleet Street. The form, too, admits variety. Essay. The essay can be short or long, serious or trifling, about God and Spinoza, or about turtles and Cheapside.

But as we turn over the pages of these five little volumes, containing essays written between 1870 and 1920, certain principles appear to control the chaos, and we detect in the short period under review something like the progress of history. Of all forms of literature, however, the essay is the one which least calls for the use of about reduce accidents, long words. The principle which controls it is essay on dictatorship, simply that it should give pleasure; the who is or lady desire which impels us when we take it from the shelf is simply to essay in india, receive pleasure. Everything in an essay must be subdued to that end. It should lay us under a spell with its first word, and we should only wake, refreshed, with its last. In the interval we may pass through the most various experiences of amusement, surprise, interest, indignation; we may soar to the heights of fantasy with Lamb or plunge to the depths of wisdom with Bacon, but we must never be roused. The essay must lap us about and draw its curtain across the world. So great a feat is seldom accomplished, though the fault may well be as much on the reader's side as on the writer's.

Habit and lethargy have dulled his palate. Essay Words. A novel has a story, a poem rhyme; but what art can the essayist use in these short lengths of on dictatorship, prose to sting us wide awake and fix us in a trance which is not sleep but rather an babylon essay intensification of life--a basking, with every faculty alert, in the sun of pleasure? He must know--that is the on dictatorship in india first essential--how to write. His learning may be as profound as Mark Pattison's, but in an essay, it must be so fused by the magic of writing that not a fact juts out, not a dogma tears the who is more macbeth macbeth surface of the texture. Macaulay in in india, one way, Froude in another, did this superbly over research powerpoint, and over again. They have blown more knowledge into us in essay on dictatorship in india, the course of one essay than the innumerable chapters of a hundred textbooks.

But when Mark Pattison has to tell us, in the space of thirty-five little pages, about Montaigne, we feel that he had not previously assimilated M. Grun. M. Grun was a gentleman who once wrote a bad book. M. Grun and his book should have been embalmed for our perpetual delight in amber. Argumentative Essay. But the process is fatiguing; it requires more time and perhaps more temper than Pattison had at his command. He served M. In India. Grun up raw, and he remains a crude berry among the cooked meats, upon which our teeth must grate forever. Something of the sort applies to Matthew Arnold and a certain translator of Spinoza.

Literal truth-telling and finding fault with a culprit for his good are out of place in an essay, where everything should be for our good and rather for eternity than for the March number of the Fortnightly Review . But if the voice of the scold should never be heard in essay about how to, this narrow plot, there is another voice which is as a plague of locusts--the voice of a man stumbling drowsily among loose words, clutching aimlessly at on dictatorship in india, vague ideas, the voice, for example, of Mr. Essay On An. Hutton in the following passage: A book could take that blow, but it sinks an on dictatorship essay. About How To Reduce Road Accidents. A biography in two volumes is indeed the essay in india proper depository, for there, where the licence is so much wider, and hints and glimpses of outside things make part of the feast (we refer to the old type of Victorian volume), these yawns and stretches hardly matter, and have indeed some positive value of their own. But that value, which is contributed by the reader, perhaps illicitly, in his desire to get as much into the book from all possible sources as he can, must be ruled out here.

There is no room for the impurities of literature in an essay. Somehow or other, by dint of labor or bounty of nature, or both combined, the essay must be pure--pure like water or pure like wine, but pure from dullness, deadness, and deposits of extraneous matter. Of all writers in the first volume, Walter Pater best achieves this arduous task, because before setting out to write his essay ('Notes on Leonardo da Vinci') he has somehow contrived to get his material fused. He is a learned man, but it is not knowledge of Leonardo that remains with us, but a vision, such as we get in a good novel where everything contributes to bring the writer's conception as a whole before us. Only here, in the essay, where the bounds are so strict and facts have to be used in their nakedness, the good essay true writer like Walter Pater makes these limitations yield their own quality. Truth will give it authority; from its narrow limits he will get shape and intensity; and then there is essay on dictatorship, no more fitting place for research powerpoint, some of in india, those ornaments which the old writers loved and we, by essay on an article, calling them ornaments, presumably despise. Nowadays nobody would have the courage to embark on the once famous description of Leonardo's lady who has. learned the essay on dictatorship secrets of the essay deadlines are important grave; and has been a diver in deep seas and on dictatorship in india, keeps their fallen day about more macbeth macbeth, her; and essay, trafficked for strange webs with Eastern merchants; and, as Leda, was the mother of Helen of about how to reduce, Troy, and, as Saint Anne, the mother of Mary . Essay In India. . . The passage is too thumb-marked to slip naturally into the context.

But when we come unexpectedly upon who is or lady, 'the smiling of women and the motion of great waters', or upon 'full of the refinement of the dead, in sad, earth-coloured raiment, set with pale stones', we suddenly remember that we have ears and we have eyes and that the on dictatorship English language fills a long array of stout volumes with innumerable words, many of which are of more than one syllable. The only living Englishman who ever looks into these volumes is, of course, a gentleman of Polish extraction. But doubtless our abstention saves us much gush, much rhetoric, much high-stepping and cloud-prancing, and for the sake of the prevailing sobriety and hard-headedness, we should be willing to barter the splendor of Sir Thomas Browne and the vigor of Swift. Yet, if the essay admits more properly than biography or fiction of sudden boldness and metaphor, and essay on why deadlines are important, can be polished till every atom of in india, its surface shines, there are dangers in that too. Essay On Why Deadlines Are Important. We are soon in sight of ornament. Soon the current, which is the life-blood of literature, runs slow; and instead of sparkling and flashing or moving with a quieter impulse which has a deeper excitement, words coagulate together in on dictatorship, frozen sprays which, like the grapes on a Christmas-tree, glitter for good and phrases, a single night, but are dusty and garnish the essay in india day after. The temptation to decorate is great where the theme may be of the slightest. What is there to interest another in the fact that one has enjoyed a walking tour, or has amused oneself by babylon, rambling down Cheapside and looking at the turtles in Mr.

Sweeting's shop window? Stevenson and Samuel Butler chose very different methods of exciting our interest in these domestic themes. Stevenson, of course, trimmed and polished and set out his matter in the traditional eighteenth-century form. It is admirably done, but we cannot help feeling anxious, as the essay proceeds, lest the material may give out under the on dictatorship in india craftsman's fingers. The ingot is so small, the who is more evil macbeth or lady macbeth essay manipulation so incessant. And perhaps that is why the peroration-- To sit still and contemplate--to remember the faces of women without desire, to be pleased by the great deeds of men without envy, to be everything and everywhere in sympathy and yet content to remain where and what you are--

has the sort of insubstantiality which suggests that by the time he got to the end he had left himself nothing solid to work with. On Dictatorship In India. Butler adopted the very opposite method. Think your own thoughts, he seems to say, and speak them as plainly as you can. These turtles in the shop window which appear to leak out of their shells through heads and feet suggest a fatal faithfulness to a fixed idea. And so, striding unconcernedly from one idea to the next, we traverse a large stretch of ground; observe that a wound in the solicitor is argumentative essay article, a very serious thing; that Mary Queen of in india, Scots wears surgical boots and is subject to fits near the Horse Shoe in Tottenham Court Road; take it for granted that no one really cares about Aeschylus; and so, with many amusing anecdotes and some profound reflections, reach the peroration, which is that, as he had been told not to see more in Cheapside than he could get into twelve pages of the Universal Review , he had better stop. And yet obviously Butler is at more evil macbeth macbeth, least as careful of our pleasure as Stevenson, and to write like oneself and call it not writing is a much harder exercise in style than to write like Addison and call it writing well. But, however much they differ individually, the Victorian essayists yet had something in common. They wrote at greater length than is now usual, and on dictatorship, they wrote for a public which had not only time to research, sit down to its magazine seriously, but a high, if peculiarly Victorian, standard of culture by which to judge it. It was worth while to speak out upon in india, serious matters in an essay; and there was nothing absurd in writing as well as one possibly could when, in a month or two, the same public which had welcomed the essay in a magazine would carefully read it once more in a book. Essay On Why Are Important. But a change came from a small audience of essay in india, cultivated people to who is evil macbeth or lady, a larger audience of people who were not quite so cultivated. The change was not altogether for the worse.

In volume iii. we find Mr. Birrell and essay on dictatorship, Mr. Beerbohm. It might even be said that there was a reversion to the classic type and that the essay on why essay by on dictatorship, losing its size and something of who is macbeth, its sonority was approaching more nearly the essay of Addison and essay, Lamb. At any rate, there is a great gulf between Mr. How To Reduce Accidents. Birrell on Carlyle and the essay which one may suppose that Carlyle would have written upon Mr. Birrell.

There is little similarity between A Cloud of on dictatorship, Pinafores , by Max Beerbohm, and revisited, A Cynic's Apology , by Leslie Stephen. But the essay is alive; there is no reason to despair. As the conditions change so the essayist, most sensitive of all plants to public opinion, adapts himself, and if he is good makes the on dictatorship in india best of the change, and if he is deadlines, bad the worst. Mr. Birrell is certainly good; and so we find that, though he has dropped a considerable amount of weight, his attack is much more direct and his movement more supple. But what did Mr. Beerbohm give to the essay and what did he take from it? That is a much more complicated question, for here we have an essayist who has concentrated on the work and is, without doubt, the prince of his profession.

What Mr. Beerbohm gave was, of course, himself. This presence, which has haunted the essay fitfully from the time of Montaigne, had been in exile since the death of Charles Lamb. Matthew Arnold was never to his readers Matt, nor Walter Pater affectionately abbreviated in a thousand homes to Wat. They gave us much, but that they did not give.

Thus, sometime in the nineties, it must have surprised readers accustomed to exhortation, information, and denunciation to find themselves familiarly addressed by essay in india, a voice which seemed to belong to a man no larger than themselves. Essay Deadlines Are Important. He was affected by private joys and sorrows and had no gospel to preach and no learning to impart. He was himself, simply and directly, and himself he has remained. Once again we have an essay on dictatorship in india essayist capable of using the essayist's most proper but most dangerous and delicate tool. He has brought personality into action research powerpoint literature, not unconsciously and essay in india, impurely, but so consciously and purely that we do not know whether there is any relation between Max the essayist and article, Mr. Beerbohm the man. We only know that the spirit of personality permeates every word that he writes. The triumph is the triumph of style. For it is only by knowing how to essay on dictatorship in india, write that you can make use in literature of yourself; that self which, while it is essential to literature, is also its most dangerous antagonist.

Never to be yourself and yet always--that is the problem. Some of the essayists in how to, Mr. Rhys' collection, to be frank, have not altogether succeeded in solving it. We are nauseated by the sight of trivial personalities decomposing in on dictatorship in india, the eternity of print. As talk, no doubt, it was charming, and certainly, the writer is a good fellow to who is essay, meet over a bottle of essay, beer. But literature is stern; it is no use being charming, virtuous or even learned and brilliant into the bargain, unless, she seems to reiterate, you fulfill her first condition--to know how to write. This art is who is macbeth, possessed to on dictatorship, perfection by essay deadlines, Mr.

Beerbohm. But he has not searched the essay on dictatorship in india dictionary for essay, polysyllables. He has not molded firm periods or seduced our ears with intricate cadences and strange melodies. Some of his companions--Henley and Stevenson, for example--are momentarily more impressive. But A Cloud of essay, Pinafores has in it that indescribable inequality, stir, and final expressiveness which belong to life and to life alone.

You have not finished with it because you have read it, any more than friendship is ended because it is time to argumentative essay on an article, part. Life wells up and alters and adds. Even things in a book-case change if they are alive; we find ourselves wanting to meet them again; we find them altered. So we look back upon in india, essay after essay by Mr. Beerbohm, knowing that, come September or May, we shall sit down with them and talk.

Yet it is true that the essayist is the most sensitive of all writers to public opinion. The drawing-room is the place where a great deal of reading is done nowadays, and the essays of action paper powerpoint, Mr. Beerbohm lie, with an exquisite appreciation of all that the position exacts, upon the drawing-room table. There is no gin about; no strong tobacco; no puns, drunkenness, or insanity. Ladies and gentlemen talk together, and some things, of course, are not said. But if it would be foolish to attempt to confine Mr.

Beerbohm to one room, it would be still more foolish, unhappily, to make him, the artist, the man who gives us only his best, the representative of our age. There are no essays by Mr. Beerbohm in the fourth or fifth volumes of the present collection. His age seems already a little distant, and the drawing-room table, as it recedes, begins to look rather like an altar where, once upon a time, people deposited offerings--fruit from their own orchards, gifts carved with their own hands. Essay On Dictatorship. Now once more the babylon conditions have changed. In India. The public needs essays as much as ever, and perhaps even more. The demand for the light middle not exceeding fifteen hundred words, or in special cases seventeen hundred and fifty, much exceeds the supply. Where Lamb wrote one essay and Max perhaps writes two, Mr.

Belloc at a rough computation produces three hundred and sixty-five. They are very short, it is true. Yet with what dexterity the practised essayist will utilise his space--beginning as close to the top of the sheet as possible, judging precisely how far to babylon, go, when to turn, and how, without sacrificing a hair's breadth of paper, to wheel about and alight accurately upon the last word his editor allows! As a feat of skill, it is well worth watching. But the essay personality upon babylon, which Mr. Belloc, like Mr. Beerbohm, depends suffers in the process.

It comes to on dictatorship in india, us, not with the natural richness of the speaking voice, but strained and thin and full of mannerisms and affectations, like the voice of words and phrases, a man shouting through a megaphone to a crowd on essay a windy day. 'Little friends, my readers', he says in the essay called 'An Unknown Country', and he goes on to tell us how-- There was a shepherd the other day at Findon Fair who had come from the revisited east by Lewes with sheep, and who had in his eyes that reminiscence of essay in india, horizons which makes the eyes of shepherds and of mountaineers different from the eyes of other men. Babylon. . . . I went with him to hear what he had to say, for shepherds talk quite differently from other men. Happily, this shepherd had little to essay on dictatorship, say, even under the stimulus of the inevitable mug of beer, about the Unknown Country, for the only remark that he did make proves him either a minor poet, unfit for the care of reduce road, sheep or Mr. Belloc himself masquerading with a fountain pen. That is the penalty which the habitual essayist must now be prepared to face. He must masquerade. He cannot afford the in india time either to be himself or to be other people. He must skim the surface of argumentative on an, thought and dilute the strength of personality.

He must give us a worn weekly halfpenny instead of a solid sovereign once a year. But it is not Mr. Belloc only who has suffered from the prevailing conditions. The essays which bring the collection to the year 1920 may not be the best of their authors' work, but, if we except writers like Mr. Conrad and on dictatorship, Mr. Hudson, who have strayed into essay writing accidentally, and concentrate upon those who write essays habitually, we shall find them a good deal affected by how to road accidents, the change in their circumstances.

To write weekly, to write daily, to write shortly, to write for busy people catching trains in the morning or for tired people coming home in the evening, is a heartbreaking task for men who know good writing from bad. They do it, but instinctively draw out of essay, harm's way anything precious that might be damaged by contact with the public, or anything sharp that might irritate its skin. And so, if one reads Mr. Lucas, Mr. Lynd, or Mr.

Squire in the bulk, one feels that a common grayness silvers everything. Article. They are as far removed from the on dictatorship in india extravagant beauty of Walter Pater as they are from the intemperate candor of Leslie Stephen. Beauty and courage are dangerous spirits to bottle in a column and a half; and thought, like a brown paper parcel in a waistcoat pocket, has a way of spoiling the symmetry of an article. It is revisited essay, a kind, tired, apathetic world for which they write, and the marvel is essay on dictatorship, that they never cease to attempt, at least, to revisited, write well. But there is no need to essay on dictatorship in india, pity Mr.

Clutton Brock for essay how to reduce accidents, this change in the essayist's conditions. He has clearly made the best of his circumstances and in india, not the worst. One hesitates even to say that he has had to make any conscious effort in the matter, so naturally, has he effected the essay deadlines are important transition from the private essayist to the public, from the drawing-room to the Albert Hall. On Dictatorship. Paradoxically enough, the action paper powerpoint shrinkage in size has brought about a corresponding expansion of individuality. We have no longer the 'I' of Max and of Lamb, but the 'we' of public bodies and other sublime personages. It is 'we' who go to hear the Magic Flute; 'we' who ought to profit by it; 'we', in some mysterious way, who, in our corporate capacity, once upon a time actually wrote it. For music and literature and art must submit to in india, the same generalization or they will not carry to the farthest recesses of the Albert Hall. That the voice of Mr. Clutton Brock, so sincere and so disinterested, carries such a distance and essay how to reduce accidents, reaches so many without pandering to the weakness of the mass or its passions must be a matter of legitimate satisfaction to us all.

But while 'we' are gratified, 'I', that unruly partner in the human fellowship, is reduced to despair. 'I' must always think things for himself, and feel things for on dictatorship, himself. To share them in action, a diluted form with the majority of well-educated and well-intentioned men and women is for him sheer agony; and while the rest of us listen intently and profit profoundly, 'I' slips off to essay, the woods and the fields and rejoices in a single blade of grass or a solitary potato. In the fifth volume of modern essays, it seems, we have got some way from pleasure and essay about reduce accidents, the art of writing. But in essay, justice to the essayists of 1920 we must be sure that we are not praising the famous because they have been praised already and the dead because we shall never meet them wearing spats in Piccadilly. Good. We must know what we mean when we say that they can write and give us pleasure. We must compare them; we must bring out the quality. We must point to this and say it is good because it is exact, truthful, and imaginative: Nay, retire men cannot when they would; neither will they, when it were Reason; but are impatient of Privateness, even in age and sickness, which require the shadow: like old Townsmen: that will still be sitting at their street door, though therby they offer Age to essay in india, Scorn . . . and to this, and say it is bad because it is loose, plausible, and commonplace: With courteous and evil macbeth or lady essay, precise cynicism on his lips, he thought of quiet virginal chambers, of waters singing under the moon, of terraces where taintless music sobbed into the open night, of in india, pure maternal mistresses with protecting arms and vigilant eyes, of fields slumbering in the sunlight, of leagues of ocean heaving under warm tremulous heavens, of hot ports, gorgeous and perfumed. . . . It goes on, but already we are bemused with sound and neither feel nor hear. The comparison makes us suspect that the art of writing has for backbone some fierce attachment to an idea. Essay On An. It is on the back of an idea, something believed in with conviction or seen with precision and essay, thus compelling words to its shape, that the diverse company which includes Lamb and Bacon, and Mr.

Beerbohm and Hudson, and argumentative essay on an, Vernon Lee and Mr. Conrad, and Leslie Stephen and Butler and Walter Pater reaches the farther shore. Very various talents have helped or hindered the passage of the idea into words. Some scrape through painfully; others fly with every wind favouring. But Mr.

Belloc and Mr. Lucas and Mr. Essay On Dictatorship. Squire are not fiercely attached to anything in who is, itself. They share the contemporary dilemma--that lack of an obstinate conviction which lifts ephemeral sounds through the misty sphere of anybody's language to the land where there is a perpetual marriage, a perpetual union. Vague as all definitions are, a good essay must have this permanent quality about on dictatorship, it; it must draw its curtain round us, but it must be a curtain that shuts us in, not out.

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7 Effective Application Essay Tips to Take Your Essay from Meh to Amazing. Thanks for on dictatorship in india, signing up! Thanks for signing up! In our experience, the main worry that applicants have is that their essay won’t stand out. This is a legitimate concern as you will likely compete with numerous applicants who have backgrounds similar to yours. Therefore, follow these tips to ensure that your essay shines in the competitive admissions process. Take three minutes to think about the prompt.

If needed, divide the prompt into babylon revisited essay phrases and look at each aspect. Why would the admissions officers ask this prompt? What do you think they want to know? How does that information relate to your ability to excel in college? Next, leave the essay on dictatorship prompt for a while and essay how to accidents then return to it. Do you see something new? With so many other things in your schedule, this process can initially seem like a waste of time. However, it will save you a lot of time in essay, the long run. If you later realize that you misread the prompt, you might need to start the writing process from scratch. Like the first item, this isn’t something that should take a lot of time. This is another step that can initially seem completely skippable, but organizing your writing can save you considerable stress and frustration.

A good writing plan can streamline or even eliminate the need to action paper, do any significant rewrites. Brainstorm your anecdotes. On Dictatorship In India. Create a rough outline, including approximately how long each paragraph needs to be in order to complete the essay within the word count limits. Finally, figure out when you’re going to write. A paragraph a day? The whole thing next weekend? Creating a schedule, even if you need to modify it later, gets your brain in motion. When selecting anecdotes for your essay, pick vivid ones that you can tell succinctly. If a story would require 450 words of a 600 word essay, then you’re not going to have a lot of argumentative essay on an article space to express self-reflection and analysis of the essay on dictatorship in india situation. Remember that the admissions officers are more interested in your perspective of what happened than the events themselves. In addition, keep in mind that the admissions officers don’t know you personally, and that’s why they’re reading your essay.

They want to get to know you, and the essay is your first introduction. Because of about accidents this, don’t tell them that you’re passionate about public service. Show them through strong examples. Essay On Dictatorship. Help the admissions officers envision each example as if they’re experiencing the situation alongside you. Your admissions essay should reflect command of college-level vocabulary. Research Powerpoint. One of the most common mistakes that we see in on dictatorship, essays is using advanced vocabulary almost correctly. Even among synonyms, there are shades of meaning. If you’re using a thesaurus, look online for examples of that word in action. Will it still fit into your sentence?

Avoid overdoing it. Advanced vocabulary should be the spice of the essay to give it flavor, so you’ll use plain language most of the time. Essays that are riddled with advanced vocabulary can seem pompous or even inadvertently comical to the reader. Can you say what you need to say in fewer words? Can you substitute an babylon revisited, advanced vocabulary word for on dictatorship in india, a phrase? Writing concisely expresses to the admissions officers that can organize your thoughts and that you respect their time. 6. Combine like ideas into more sophisticated sentence structures. On Why Are Important. The vast majority of the essay in india sentences in your essay should be compound, complex, or a combination of both (compound-complex sentences). Save simple sentences for instances when you need to create impact.

You should absolutely ask others to take a look at argumentative essay article, your essay before you submit it. As we work on things, we become blind to mistakes that will be glaringly apparent to others. However, limit the number of people you ask to two or three. Asking too many people for essay, feedback will only confuse you and more evil macbeth or lady macbeth essay result in a lower quality essay as you revise the essay essay according to good, each person’s advice. Therefore, look to individuals who have background and essay on dictatorship expertise in the college admissions process.

Find helpful hints and articles on essay about accidents college admissions at Peterson's. On Dictatorship. Search thousands of schools, scholarships, and articles! Writing an Undergraduate Research Paper: Keys to Success. Babylon. Learn how to write academic papers and on dictatorship in india succeed in babylon essay, your undergrad classes in this article. Reading and Understanding Complex Texts: A Guide for Undergrads. Reading and understanding complex texts is key during your years in in india, college. This article gives you some guidance in comprehension. Writing Your College Application Essay.

In your college application essay, you have an opportunity to communicate to colleges what is most essential to you personally, socially, and academically. Who Is More Macbeth Or Lady Macbeth Essay. Talkin' About College Essays #2: Tackling Tough Essay Questions. This article focuses on difficult questions you may encounter in your admissions essay. Talkin' About College Essays #1: Dealing with Strange Essay Questions. On Dictatorship In India. Most college applications are pretty tame, but occasionally you will encounter a unique question. Argumentative On An Article. This article can help you answer these types of questions. Sign up today and get exclusive tips and get a head start on your college experience! It’s our gift to you. We're giving you 40% off our test prep books.

We’ll also send you valuable information about how to on dictatorship in india, get ready for college! Psst, before you go! Check out our free sample PSAT® test questions answers. The PSAT® test is right around the on an corner. Our FREE sample questions give you a peek into the type of essay on dictatorship in india questions you can expect to see on the test. To get started, all we need is your email: ©2017 Peterson's, a Nelnet Company, and its licences.

All rights reserved. I certify that I am the subscriber to the provided cellular or other wireless number and I authorize and revisited its representatives and agents to on dictatorship, contact me regarding educational opportunities at any current and future numbers that I provide for my cellular telephone or other wireless device using automatic dialing systems, artificial or prerecorded messages, and/or SMS text messages, even if I will be charged by my service provider(s) for receiving such communications. Consent is not a condition for receiving more information from essay on why, , and I understand that if I no longer wish to receive communications, I will need to contact to alter this consent.

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Ethological Attachment Theory: A Great Idea in Personality? This paper critically reviews the ethological attachment theory as proposed by Bowlby and Ainsworth in order to examine if attachment theory is a great idea in personality. The most important aspects of in india attachment theory are presented and two critical questions are posed. About Accidents. The first question is, Can attachment theory be supported by empirical evidence? To answer this question, a variety of studies will be reviewed, each of essay which examines a specific aspect of attachment theory. The second question is whether the phenomena explained by creators and essay on an proponents of ethological attachment theory could have been explained differently, using other psychological mechanisms. These are two criteria that must be met if attachment theory is to be considered a great idea. Attachment is the strong emotional bond that develops between infant and caregiver, providing the infant with emotional security. By the second half of the first year, infants have become attached to essay on dictatorship in india, familiar people who have responded to their need for evil, physical care and stimulation. How this attachment develops has been a topic of intense theoretical debate.

Theories that attempt to explain attachment are abundant but scientifically verifiable explanations have been elusive. How does attachment develop and which factors affect it? Is attachment security a stable factor? How is attachment security measured? These are all questions of great theoretical and practical interest that can be answered from diverse perspectives. One group of clinicians and researchers, known as attachment theorists, claims that they have found some answers and are close to finding others. But although they have impressed many of their colleagues, and on dictatorship changed some of our most basic opinions about early child development, their accomplishments have often been met with skepticism and opposition.

The view that is widely accepted today is the ethological theory of who is more macbeth attachment. According to Bowlby, the infant's relationship to the parent begins as a set of innate signals that call the adult to the baby's side. As time passes, a true affectionate bond develops, which is supported by in india, new cognitive and emotional capacities as well as a history of consistent, sensitive, responsive care by the parent. Out of this experience, children form an enduring affectional bond with their caregivers that enables them to use this attachment figure as a secure base across time and distance. Essay On An. The inner representation of this parent-child bond becomes an important part of personality. It serves as an internal working model, or set of expectations about the availability of attachment figures, the likelihood of receiving support from them during times of on dictatorship in india stress, and the interaction with those figures.

This image becomes the basis for all future close relationships during infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adult life. In addition to critically examining the evidence brought forward by ethological attachment theorists we should investigate if attachment can be explained through other mechanisms. Maybe it is not just the words and phrases, caregiving style that affects attachment security. Maybe it is not the early experience or environment that matters at all. We need to in india, look at essay reduce accidents, the possibility that attachment security is influenced biologically in correlation with temperament.

If this were to be found true, the basis of attachment theory could be challenged. The question is this: Can attachment theory withstand the challenge? Although the results of this study seem to indicate that feeding is essay on dictatorship not the most important factor that ties an infant to essay on why deadlines are important, a caregiver, we cannot say anything definitive about attachment in humans based on this study. Because it would be unethical to essay, conduct a similar experiment with human babies, it is impossible to evil macbeth or lady essay, predict the outcome with certainty. However, observations of human infants reveal that they can become attached to family members who seldom if ever feed them, including fathers, siblings and grandparents (Shaffer Emerson, 1964). In addition, a study was done that offered an interesting similarity to Harlow's, which showed that toddlers, usually in the Western world, who sleep alone and experience frequent daytime separations from their parents, sometimes develop a strong emotional tie to a soft, cuddly toy or blanket.

These objects of attachment are effective sources of security that seem to substitute for in india, special people when such people are not available (Passman, 1987), yet such objects have never played an important role in feeding. Another behaviorist explanation of who is more macbeth or lady attachment is essay on dictatorship in india a model based on Skinner's principle of operant conditioning. Skinner rejected Hull's idea that primary drive reduction is the only way to get children to learn. According to Skinner, a child's behavior can be increased by following the behavior with a wide variety of action research reinforcers besides food, such as praise or a new toy. Certain behaviors can also be decreased through punishment, such as withdrawal of privileges, scolding, or taking away a new toy.

According to the theory of operant conditioning, which emphasizes reciprocal responsiveness between the essay in india, caregiver and baby, babies are reinforced to smile and look at their mothers, because in return they receive social interaction. The greater the number of infant behaviors that have been reinforced consistently, the stronger the attachment relation is (Gewirtz, 1969). This explanation seems to make sense, but it has a great weakness in on why deadlines that it cannot explain why children exhibit attachment behaviors even though their caregivers may seriously mistreat them. This phenomenon has been supported by animal studies, which showed that babies who were treated violently by their mothers continued to seek physical contact (Seay, Alexander, Harlow, 1964). On Dictatorship. It is a well-known fact that children who are regularly abused often continue to make similar attempts to approach their abusive parents. Another critique of the behaviorist model of babylon revisited essay conditioning is that, according to this principle, the behavior should be extinguished if the stimulus stops occurring. We know this does not hold true. Essay On Dictatorship. Even if you do not see the people you are attached to, you will most likely continue to have a desire to see them, and will seek closeness with them. It seems that even though ongoing 'reinforcement' is non-existent, once attachment is formed, it persists. It is clear that behavioral mechanisms simply cannot be used adequately to explain and account for the most basic findings that support attachment theory. This question was answered by Ainsworth et al. (1978), who developed a measure to essay are important, study the factors that influence attachment and its impact on later development.

The Strange Situation is the most widely used technique for measuring the quality of attachment between 1 and 2 years of age. On Dictatorship In India. The Strange Situation takes infants through eight short episodes during which separations from, and reunions with, the parent occur. By observing the responses of infants to these episodes, researchers have identified a secure attachment pattern and two patterns of action paper powerpoint insecure attachment (Ainsworth et al., 1978). Ainsworth noted three distinct patterns in the babies' reactions. Essay In India. One group of infants protested and cried on good essay, separation, but when the on dictatorship in india, mother returned, they greeted her with pleasure and were easy to essay on why deadlines, console. She labeled this group securely attached. The second group of infants was characterized by essay, a lack of distress during parental separation, and revisited essay avoidance of the parent upon return. This group was called insecurely attached, and on dictatorship avoidant. The third group was labeled ambivalent or anxiously attached, and tended to be clingy from the beginning and road accidents afraid to explore the room. In India. They became terribly anxious upon separation, yet displayed angry and resistive behavior upon the parent's return. In designing this study, Ainsworth and her colleagues reasoned that if attachment had developed well, infants and toddlers should use their parents as a secure base from which to explore their environments.

In addition, when a parent leaves the room for a brief period of time, the child should show separation anxiety, and an unfamiliar adult should be less comforting than the parent. This concept has been supported by studies that measure infants' reactions in the Strange Situation, which closely resemble their use of the parent as a secure base and their response to the separation in essay the home environment (Blanchard Main, 1979). There is a variety of reasons why we should look at on dictatorship in india, the results of Ainsworth et al.'s (1978) longitudinal study with caution. First of all, the sample of participants (26 infant-mother pairs) was small compared to the number of variables. A sample of 26 infants is simply too small to be divided up into essay on why deadlines are important 3 groups and 7 subgroups. It seems that the researchers easily could have overanalyzed trivial differences among the infants and, as a result, too many subgroups were created. In order to confirm that the essay on dictatorship in india, 7 subgroups indeed exist, it would have been helpful if a second group of participants, possibly larger in action research paper powerpoint size, had yielded the same results. This is essay on dictatorship especially important because the initial measures were not derived on a priori theoretical grounds, but rather after an examination of the results.

Second of all, there was substantial opportunity for the data to be inaccurate, mainly because the good essay words, observers who rated the children's behavior in the home were often inexperienced raters who were asked to make subjective evaluations of both the infant's and mother's behavior. Considering the fact that these home sessions occurred over a considerable length of time, it is easy to see how raters could have become biased in their ratings. Also, the raters used during the Strange Situation were sometimes the essay on dictatorship, same raters who had assessed the good words and phrases, infants in the home setting, so one can argue that their measurements could easily be biased through their previous contact and experience, because raters already knew the in india, child and mother, and who is more macbeth or lady macbeth essay may have had certain expectations. Considering that interrater reliability was never assessed, all results should be replicated in essay on dictatorship independent larger samples before they can be considered reliable. The most important question one should ask is if this study provides enough findings to argumentative on an article, base a theory on it. Can one base a theory on a measurement that highlights several minutes of reunion behavior in an unnatural and unfamiliar laboratory setting to reveal an emotional history between parent and child of a whole year? In my opinion, the answer is no.

These findings can only obtain generalizability when replicated in on dictatorship in india independent studies in which bias is controlled and a priori predictions are tested and verified. Therefore, Ainsworth et al.'s (1978) study should be viewed as a study that generated hypotheses, not that tested them. In defense of ethological attachment theory, one must say that it has generated an incredible body of research focused on understanding the action research, social, emotional, and essay in india interpersonal development of children. In addition, there is substantial empirical evidence that supports the existence of the core elements of attachment theory (Grossmann, 1985). An alternative to the Strange Situation was recently designed that could potentially increase the accuracy in determining attachment security across cultures and article populations: the Attachment Q-set. An observer, the parent, or an expert informant sorts a set of 90 descriptors of attachment-related behaviors (such as, 'child greets mother with a big smile') into nine categories, ranging from in india, highly descriptive to not at all descriptive of the child. The resulting profile indicates the who is more macbeth essay, degree to which a child displays secure base behavior (Waters et al., 1995). Q-set assessments by expert informants correspond well with the Strange Situation attachment classification; those by mothers do not (Van Dam Van Ijzenhoorn, 1988; Vaughn Waters, 1990). It certainly speaks well for ethological attachment theory that the classification results describing different attachment styles can be derived from more than one testing method. However, we should investigate if Ainsworth and essay in india Bowbly's findings can be explained from a different perspective, that of research paper powerpoint genetic influence. One could argue that attachment development is not determined by the nature and quality of the essay on dictatorship, infant-caregiver relationship but instead by the infant's temperament.

However, in order to revisited essay, critique a great theory, one should apply a reasonable approach, one that attempts to take into consideration a variety of mechanisms, one that is eclectic in nature. To claim that temperament is the overriding factor in the development of attachment would be a mistake. Studies have shown that most securely attached infants develop particular distinctly different attachment bonds with each parent and the infants' varied caregivers (Goossens Van Ijzendoorn, 1990). One could argue that if temperament were the essay on dictatorship in india, overriding factor in establishing attachment quality we would expect attachment classification to paper, be more constant across caregivers than it is. Essay On Dictatorship. This should have led to the establishment of a similar attachment classification for who is, all caregivers, but studies do not support this (e.g., Goossens Van Ijzendoorn, 1990). However, this is not to say that temperament has no effect on the establishment of attachment security. Given that attachment security describes the essay, interpersonal relationship between infant and caregivers, one could easily see that personality traits and temperament play an active role in the dynamics of establishing this relationship. Attachment theorists recognize this aspect and note that it is action research paper exactly the on dictatorship in india, concept of sensitive caregiving that forms an more evil macbeth essay, effective predictor of the on dictatorship, quality of the attachment bond. How To Reduce Accidents. A major reason that temperament and other child characteristics do not show strong relationships with attachment security may be that their influence depends on goodness-of-fit. From this perspective, many attributes of children can lead to secure attachment, as long as the caregivers modify their behavior to fit the needs of the baby (Seifer Schiller, 1995).

But when a mother's capacity to on dictatorship in india, do so is limited by her own personality or stressful conditions then infants with difficult temperament or problem behaviors are at risk for more evil macbeth or lady macbeth, developing attachment insecurity. According to attachment theorists, sensitive caregiving implies that regardless of the innate temperament of the infant, whether introverted or extraverted, whether shy or irritable, whether outgoing or confident, the care is adjusted to fit precisely the need of that particular infant. It is this eclectic nature of ethological attachment theory that becomes another strength. Blanchard, M., Main, M. (1979). Avoidance of the attachment figure and social-emotional adjustment in day-care infants. Developmental Psychology, 15, 445-446. Bowlby, J. (1969).

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