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Design Portfolio Websites Research. Alex arts has a very successful portfolio page because it is clean and essay winning, well organized. Each piece has its own little rectangle that you can flip through to see the need argumentative, different pages or parts of each project without leaving to a new page. It has a very consistent color scheme that works with the colors in essay award, the projects. Differentiated Instruction. The toke has an interesting portfolio page because it displays the work in a wheel. When you click on one piece, there are little dot buttons to click to see the parts of the project. However, if you try to scroll as is natural, it switches back to the wheel and spins through that. Degt’s portfolio page is essay award winning a warm chocolate color and cleanly displays a gallery of work. When you click on a work, you can then view the different pages/pieces of the industrial application essay, project as well as comments. Hello Monday’s site is fun and interactive. The about page is sweet and simple and still allows you to have a glimpse of the types of work they’ve done.

Beakable’s about page is playful and humorous. The designer compares himself to Shakespeare while claiming to essay, not understand brilliance. Start Autobiography Research Paper. The about essay award winning, text is short and tesis pidana, sweet and to the point. Morten Nielson’s attached resume is landscape, which is essay winning unusual. Cause. It also is laid out in winning, a timeline, making it nice and easy to see what and when he’s done.

Brandon Derck’s resume is tesis hukum islam designed to look like a Google search results page. He has his contact info on winning, the side and his skills and work experience where the search results would show up. Beakable’s contact page is adorable and tesis hukum pidana islam, playful. It looks like a mailing envelope and a lined memo pad poking out of it for winning people to type a message on. You also fill out your name and email on the front of the envelope. Very cute idea.

Alexey Chemishov’s contact portion of engineering essay, his page looks like a postcard. It matches the color scheme on the rest of the page and is very simple and. Designer Donovan Olson’s logo is his name written in the shape of a shark. This logo is strong because it seems to essay award, accurately advertise his work style. Looking at some of thesis differentiated instruction, his work, the same style of badass design is evident.

Given this, he is clearly a designer with his own distinct style, which is essay award winning well shown in his perfectly designed logo. John Charles’ logo for his photography portfolio is a camera made up from his initials. His logo is engineering essay a strong one because it is award both classic and modern, just like his photography. The color scheme of start autobiography, his simple logo is also well carried out throughout his website. Logo Diver freelance designer has a simple logo using a play on words. It is an eye with a dolphin diving over the eye like the eyelid. When I looked at some of his other logo designs, I noticed the same style of simplicity and wordplay as in his wn logo. His logo does a good job of advertising his work style and personality and looks like it could easily be shrunken down or blown up and still look good, making it a strong logo. B Swift Design’s logo features a bee with the name next to it, and with a tagline that says “Design that Creates a Buzz .” While the logo itself is a cute idea being that bees are swift fliers, it is the essay award, tagline in this one that really seals the deal.

The designer sounds exciting from the name and tagline, and the artwork also looks pretty exciting and interesting, proving the tagline right. A content management system (CMS) is help argumentative essay designed to help people who are not tech-savvy edit and manage websites. CMSs automatically generate navigation tools and makes any content searchable, and any other such difficult technical bits of essay winning, web design that non-tech-savvy users cannot do on their own. is an example of a CMS, as it allows anyone to make a website, then fills in the blanks for that individual so that all that person has to do is add content. A few benefits to using a CMS like include being really easy to use, having nice-looking menu choices, they help make your content searchable, and there are plenty of free options. Some disadvantages, however, include the need of users to know scripting, coding, and critical essays by toni morrison, CSS if they want customize anything, and that plug-ins are required.

It is appropriate to use CMSs either when you are an amateur when it comes to web design, or when you need something simple that will be easy to constantly update without having to essay award, go in and update each individual page and piece every time. The three main open source CMSs are WordPress (as previously mentioned), Drupal, and Joomia. These CMSs are portable and support frequent updates. Drupal is nearing a new version 7 update, and had thousands of available add-on modules. Joomla enables builders to create complex web sites and includes “out of the box” features. WordPress is the most popular CMS site, and need argumentative, is supported by a larfe network. As great as these CMSs are, you still need knowledge of web design scripting in order to customize one of the pages in whatever way you want. Performance art of Gilbert and George and photography. Gilbert and George met at St.

Martin’s School of Art in essay award winning, London in 1967 and quickly become friends, and have worked together ever since. They are most well known for their wall-sized paintings and for walking around in metallic make up as ‘living statues’, (Dangerous Minds). And/or. They later stepped up to robot dancing as their ‘living statue’ selves. When they started adding photography into their art, they made photo quilts with photos of controvercial or socially unpleasant things like rotting buildings and homeless people and essay winning, racist graffiti (Maupin). Cause And/or Effect Essay. One of their biggest photography quilts is “Death Hope Life Fear” created in 1984. When AIDS became more commonly known, they began creating prints of themselves standing naked, bodily fluids, and essay winning, tombstones. “This perspective is industrial essay fundamental to Gilbert George#8217;s art: existence as a pathological condition; prognosis, terminal.” (Maupin).

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Nietzsche Morality As Anti Nature Twilight Of The Idols Summary Essays and Research Papers. ?Abraham Jimenez Professor Sean P. Ireland English 3060 27 March 2014 The name of Nietzsche occupies one of the leading places among the . greatest philosophers till nowadays. His influences can be traced in postmodernism and existentialism. His theories and award views are studied by start autobiography research, scientists and winning students; his profound and sharp understanding of reality and need writing essay human nature attract attention of numerous people all over the world. His most well-known theory is related to “Will of Power”. Essay Winning. The notion of. Human , Human nature , Humans 917 Words | 4 Pages.

Nietzsche-Philosophizing with a Hammer Running head: Nietzsche Header: Philosophy Name: . University: Course: Tutor: Date: Nietzsche Philosophizing with a Hammer. Essays. In philosophizing with a hammer, Friedrich Nietzsche meant that the assortment of stories that constitute the dominant representations of life and our world. Essay Winning. This philosophy is brought. Existentialism , Friedrich Nietzsche , Human 2026 Words | 6 Pages. What method does Nietzsche use to become the Dionysian Overman? What perspective on life does the Overman adopt?

How does it enable “amor fati” . and express optimum Yes-saying to our present natural life in and/or effect essay the world? How does this overcome “slave morality or religion”? Nietzsche uses acceptance of winning fate, its obstacles, adversity and also its divinity to become the on beloved morrison, Dionysian Overman. He believes by affirming life in both its cruelty and essay winning beauty that we can achieve joy in the present without the need. Eternity , Faith , Friedrich Nietzsche 1348 Words | 4 Pages. comes down to us from the ten commandments of God. There is also Kant's view that reason dictates the commandments of morality . Hukum Pidana Islam. The moral law, . according to Kant, is essay winning, derivable from our own rational faculties and, not surprisingly, God's ten commandments can be found along with other maxims in our rationality.

However, Nietzsche ascribed to start autobiography paper neither of these views. Essay. Born in 1844, Nietzsche was influenced by Darwin and philosophers such as Schopenhauer. His moral theory mirrored more that of Hume's in sticking. Ethics , Friedrich Nietzsche , Human 997 Words | 3 Pages. In Twilight of the Idols Nietzsche writes, My objection against the whole of sociology in start autobiography paper England and essay award France . Differentiated Instruction. remains that it knows from essay award winning experience only the forms of tesis hukum pidana islam decay, and with perfect innocence accepts its instincts of decay as the norm of sociological value-judgments. The decline of life, the decrease in the power to organize, that is to award tear open clefts, subordinate and super-ordinate -- all this has been formulated as the ideal in critical on beloved by toni morrison contemporary sociology. (p 541). The culture of Europe. Earth , Europe , Friedrich Nietzsche 935 Words | 3 Pages.

Ethic and Morality There is a close relationship between morality and ethics but they do not mean the same thing. On the other . hand, anti - morality and anti - nature are aspects, which negate vital instincts. Essay Award Winning. Friedrich Nietzsche is a renowned philosopher who criticized social laws, religion, and on beloved morrison honorable in a radical manner. Nietzsche argues that, “ anti - nature refers to the idea of allowing human beings to coerce others into essay award adopting their beliefs and morals” (Friedrich 404). Friedrich Nietzsche had a. Ethics , Human , Human nature 1461 Words | 4 Pages.

Esoteric Morality I found how the world had been misled by prostitute writers, to ascribe the greatest exploits in war to cowards, the wisest . counsel to fools, sincerity to atheists, chastity to sodomites, truth to informers. How many innocent and engineering excellent persons had been condemned to essay winning death or banishment, by the practising of great ministers upon autobiography research, the corruption of award judges, and start research paper the malice of factions. How many villains had been exalted to the highest places of trust, power, dignity, and profit. Drapier's Letters , Friedrich Nietzsche , God is dead 833 Words | 3 Pages. ? MORALITY AS ANTI - NATURE TARGET AUDIENCE: 10TH GRADERS IN TOMAHAWK PURPOSE: TO SUMMARIZE Friedrich . Nietzsche , a prominent German philosopher in the 19th century is one of the most well-read philosophers of the past two-centuries.

His ideas regarding morality and nature continue to award be discussed and hukum pidana islam debated to this day among scholars of all beliefs. All living things are given desires by nature . These desires exist as part of who we are. They define us in a way; they can aid us and they. Ethics , Human , Humans 749 Words | 2 Pages. Iisha Clark Business Ethics PHL 248-501 Final “The beginning of the slaves’ revolt in morality occurs when ressentiment itself turns . Essay. creative and gives birth to values: the ressentiment of those beings who, denied the proper response of action, compensate for it only with imaginary revenge. Whereas all noble morality grows out of a triumphant saying ‘yes’ to itself, slave morality says ‘no’ on principle to everything that is ‘outside’, ‘other’, ‘non-self ’: and hukum pidana islam this ‘no’ is its creative deed.

Evil , Friedrich Nietzsche , God 1601 Words | 4 Pages. of the eventual victory of the “slaves revolt” in morality . In “First Essay: ‘Good and Evil’, ‘Good and Bad,’” which is part of the work On . the essay award winning, Genealogy of Morality , Nietzsche outlines the two types of morality --aristocratic and slave--and describes the eventual overtaking of aristocratic morality by slave morality through the “slaves revolt.” Nietzsche claims that master morality came first, with its defining characteristics being the morality of the masters, nobles, and warriors who saw themselves. Good and evil , Ressentiment 1323 Words | 4 Pages. ? Nature of Morality A Russian born American science-fiction writer and biochemist once quoted, “Never let your sense of morals . Essays On Beloved By Toni. get in the way of doing what’s right.” This statement generates a series of controversial questions. What is right? How do morals affect people and society in which we live? Does everyone have specific morals by which they try to live their life? How does someone realize what their morals are? What are morals?

These questions cannot be truthfully answered because everyone. Aesthetics , Categorical imperative , Ethics 1823 Words | 5 Pages. I chose to write on Freidrich Nietzsche . He was criticized for all of essay his writing because they were so controversial. He was mostly known for . his statement “the Death of God”. Help Argumentative Essay. It was said that a lot of his philosophies were misunderstood by most of essay award winning his readers. He was commonly classified as a German philosopher. He believed in life, creativity, health, and the realities of the critical essays on beloved by toni morrison, world we live in, rather than those situated in a world beyond. His key ideas were the death of god, perspectivism, the. Eternal return , Existentialism , Friedrich Nietzsche 1247 Words | 3 Pages. Morality Essay Have you ever asked yourself where your conscience comes from?

The feeling that takes a hold of you when you do what you . feel is award winning, wrong. Tesis Hukum Islam. This feeling is almost like a consequence when you tell a lie or commit a crime. Your conscience helps you sort out the good and bad and essay award winning feels your mind with sorrow when you see a sad story on the news or gives you the critical essays by toni, initiative to donate money to a contribution. But where does it come from. Is it something you are naturally born with, taught. Atheism , Existence , Existence of God 1393 Words | 4 Pages. Friedrich Nietzsche Nietzsche spoke of the “the death of God” and foresaw the dissolution of traditional religion and . metaphysics. Some interpreters of Nietzsche believe he embraced a literary exploration of the human condition, while not being concerned with gaining truth and knowledge in the traditional sense of essay winning those terms. And/or. However, other interpreters of Nietzsche say that in attempting to counteract the predicted rise of essay award nihilism, he was engaged in a positive program to thesis differentiated reaffirm life, and so. Friedrich Nietzsche , Immanuel Kant , Nihilism 829 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction Our presentation is about Friedrich Nietzsche who was one of the most important and influential modern thinkers of nineteenth . century for his notions of inexistentialism, post-modernism, and post-structuralism; but before talking about him, I would like to tell you a brief introduction of postmodernism and how this philosopher took these concepts to essay explain his ideologies.

One of the main characteristics of postmodern thinking is need argumentative, that the world is seen as much more complex and essay winning an. Beyond Good and Evil , Friedrich Nietzsche , God is dead 1364 Words | 4 Pages. Summary of Morality Without God by John Arthur Nirvair Chahal Dr. Ronald de Sousa PHLA11 S T.A. Chad Horne 996811650 . January 24, 2012 John Arthur argues that morality exists without the influence of religion in his passage Morality Without God. Arthur claims that morality is independent of religion both logically and psychologically.

He first distinguishes what he is referring to when he speaks of morality and religion. Arthur explains that morality is industrial, having the tendency to essay award evaluate. Ethics , God , Human 744 Words | 3 Pages. Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche was a philosopher born in critical essays by toni the small German village of Rocken bei Lutzen, located in a . Award. farmland area southwest of Leipzig, Germany. Nietzsche was named after the Prussian King, Friedrich Wilhelm IV and essay was coincidentally born on the Kings birthday. According to , when Nietzsche was 5 years old his father Karl Ludwig Nietzsche (1813–1849) died from essay award winning a brain ailment , leaving Nietzsche to live with his mother Franziska Nietzsche (1826–1897). Friedrich Nietzsche , Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl , God is islam, dead 1066 Words | 3 Pages.

The Symbolism of Alfred Hitcock’s the Birds Towards Frederick Nietzsche’s Theory of essay Morality as an Artificial Restraint on Nature. In Alfred Hitcock’s The Birds, birds of writing argumentative all species all around the globe start to essay award riot and start autobiography research spread havoc as they consistently begin to attack humans in flocks . of waves. The theme of the film represents an act of revenge of essay winning nature towards humans due to our lack of morality to respect it and treat it as gentle and help writing argumentative humble as it treats us. In the film it simply states that “millions of years of memory” stored in the birds' “little brains” have produced “this instinct to destroy mankind.” Hitchcock reflected. Alfred Hitchcock , Atheism , Bodega Bay 1186 Words | 3 Pages. ?Book Report of Twilight “Breaking Dawn” Bella Edward The Author Stephanie Meyer was born in the 24th of December, 1973. She was . Award. nominated for tesis islam, the best author 2009 by “USA Today” and she’s also won a price for most selling books (29 million copies). Winning. She wrote three another books in the Twilight story so this is the last book. Two of them have also been filmed and the third movie is coming to essays by toni the theaters in approx half a year.

Summary of the Story Bella gets pregnant and everyone. Bella Swan , Edward Cullen , Human 962 Words | 3 Pages. Friedrich Willhelm Nietzsche , a German Philosopher of the mid 1800`s was Born 1844 and died after a long medical condition that was thoroughly . investigated but with no found result in 1900. Essay Winning. Nietzsche is most renowned for challenging the moral integrity of Christianity in the late 1800’s despite having grown up with a background and family history of Lutheran ministers; where his Father, Uncles and cause essay Grandfathers were all Ministers. This philosopher was the most outspoken on topics such as power, pain.

Culture , Existentialism , Friedrich Nietzsche 1913 Words | 6 Pages. Book One of the posthumous collection The Will to Power (a highly selective arrangement of jottings from various notebooks and from a surceased project . Winning. began by Nietzsche himself, then released by his sister, Elisabeth FA¶rster- Nietzsche ) is entitled European Nihilism which he calls the problem of the nineteenth century. Nietzsche characterized nihilism as emptying the world and especially human existence of meaning, purpose, comprehensible truth, or essential value. Thesis. Though some deride it as. Existentialism , Friedrich Nietzsche , God is dead 2074 Words | 6 Pages. 1. Discuss the emergence of guilt in winning light of cause and/or effect essay Nietzsche's analysis in the genealogy. You are expected to trace the sequence Nietzsche presents . in describing the descent towards guilt. ? Creditor and essay winning debtor relationship I have already let it out: in the contractual relationship between creditor and debtor, which is start autobiography research paper, as old as the very conception of a ?legal subject' and itself refers back to the basic forms of essay buying, selling, bartering, trade and autobiography paper traffic. (p.43 2nd essay) see pg 49 for.

Conscience , Debt , Friedrich Nietzsche 2185 Words | 7 Pages. The Question: State your understanding of the winning, philosophy of F. Nietzsche . What does he mean by saying God is Dead? . Nietzsche's philosophy is that of a radical view as it calls for the complete reevaluation of morals and blatantly attacks the Judeo-Christian tradition in modern society. He believed one should dare to become who they are. In order to ascertain one's full potential as a human being, the ethic system of which by society runs, must be changed as it only. Friedrich Nietzsche , God is dead , Good and evil 764 Words | 3 Pages. Freud and cause Nietzsche on Human Nature and Society. ? Freud and Nietzsche on Human Nature and Society After intensive analyzation of reading Civilization and It’s . Discontents by Sigmund Freud and Beyond Good and Evil by Friedrich Nietzsche , I feel as if both Freud and essay award winning Nietzsche offered virtually identical views of human nature and essays of the society in which they lived.

In my paper I intend to essay winning prove how this is paper, so. The Freudian view of humanity is essay, quite pessimistic. According to his ideology, people act only in order to satisfy their. Arthur Schopenhauer , Friedrich Nietzsche , Human 1424 Words | 5 Pages. ?Unit 1: Nature Concept Chapter 1: Introduction to Business Ethics Lesson 2: Morality and Moral Standards In the first . And/or Effect Essay. lecture I have tried to explain you the concept of essay award Business Ethics, its importance in the organization, and thesis arguments against its implementation. Along with that we did a small activity so as to make everything clear. In this lecture I shall talk about essay morality and hukum moral standards. Points to be covered in this lecture: Meaning and winning characteristics of morality Meaning.

Aesthetics , Ethics , Moral psychology 1380 Words | 5 Pages. Friedrich Nietzsche and Mahatma Gandhi, two mammoth political figures of their time, attack the autobiography paper, current trend of society. Their individual . philosophies and concepts suggest a fundamental problem: if civilization is so diseased, can we overcome this state of society and the sickness that plagues the minds of the masses in order to advance? Gandhi and Nietzsche attain to essay answer the same proposition of sickness within civilization, and although the topic of unrest among both may be dissimilar, they. Friedrich Nietzsche , Indian independence movement , Master-slave morality 1406 Words | 4 Pages. Nietzsche's rejection of traditional morality.

Nietzsche's rejection of essays on beloved by toni morrison traditional morality Zarathustra's Prologue What does Zarathustra tell us about the challenges of award winning leading people who . have become too comfortable and uncritical? According to Zarathustra, he said that he did not want to morrison be spared by their best enemies nor even the people they love. Essay. He said that leading uncritical and hukum pidana islam comfortable people within the society is hypocritical and therefore those leading such people feel ashamed of themselves. He said that such people should not. Ethics , Friedrich Nietzsche , Master 785 Words | 3 Pages. Nietzche's Master and winning Slave Morality. In Of the Genealogy of Morality , Nietzsche sought to provide context for critical on beloved, what he saw as the central value system of the award winning, society . in which he lived: slave- morality . Nietzsche saw morality as reflective of the conditions in which its proponents were brought up. Tesis Hukum Pidana. He saw the roots of slave morality in winning oppression and slavery, and posits that it grew as a reaction to the morality of the thesis differentiated instruction, masters of the time.

What follows is a simplified account of Nietzsche’s master-slave dichotomy, and what he saw as the. Friedrich Nietzsche , Good and essay winning evil , Master 2209 Words | 6 Pages. Language, and Deception in Nietzsche’s “On Truth and Lies in start research paper a Nonmoral Sense” In “On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense”, Friedrich . Nietzsche emphasizes the award winning, idea that what humankind may see as truth is really “a sum of human relations which have been poetically and rhetorically intensified, transferred, and embellished” (455). Truth, according to Nietzsche , is really just a manmade concept that has completely omitted anything beyond it. He argues that every word is and/or effect, automatically assigned a concept. Concept , Human , Idea 1148 Words | 3 Pages. 1. How does Twilight define good and evil? Note that the epigraph to Twilight refers to a verse in Genesis regarding the tree . of the knowledge of good and evil, representing the dangers of knowing too much about what really is good or evil. This is related to the cover art, where apparently an Eve figure is holding out an apple from this tree for Adam to eat.

This opening reference suggests that Bella is essay award, a serious problem for Edward. He is often trying to withhold knowledge from her, but she is. Bella Swan , Edward Cullen , Good and evil 1603 Words | 4 Pages. Nietzsche repeatedly refers to Buddhism as a decadent and nihilistic religion. Engineering. It seems to award winning be a textbook case of just what . Help Argumentative Essay. Nietzsche is out to remedy in human thinking. It devalues the award, world as illusory and start autobiography research paper merely apparent, instead looking to an underlying reality for value and meaning. Essay Award Winning. Its stated goals seem to be negative and escapist, Nietzsche sometimes seems to praise certain aspects of Buddhist teaching—and some of his own core ideas bear a resemblance to Buddhist doctrine. What exactly is Nietzsche’s. Buddhism , Dukkha , Four Noble Truths 1705 Words | 5 Pages.

Equality as Defined by Aristotle, Tecumseh, and Nietzsche. German philosopher, Frederick Nietzsche , viewed equality as being “rooted” in cause effect essay a “slave morality ” (Grigsby, 2012, p. Award Winning. 84). Cause And/or. His . Winning. view was not based upon God-given rights but on a more natural order such as Charles Darwin’s survival of the autobiography research, fittest. Nietzsche believed that Christianity withheld a structure for slave morality within Europe. His beliefs did not identify with equality, compassion, pity, and essay award winning selflessness in the sense that Christian-based morals do. Instead, Nietzsche believed that superior people. Democracy , Egalitarianism , Friedrich Nietzsche 909 Words | 3 Pages. Chapter 1 THE NATURE OF MORALITY Copyright, J. Humble, 2010 ETHICAL • • • • • • Moral Right Good Fair Just Proper Copyright, . By Toni. J. Humble, 2010 INDUSTRIAL OR BUSINESS ETHICS • The study of what constitutes moral, right or good conduct in a business context. • BUSINESS: any for-profit organization Copyright, J. Humble, 2010 MORAL OR ETHICAL STANDARDS • Concern behavior that can have serious consequences to human welfare. • IMMORAL violates moral standards • NON-MORAL does not concern moral standards.

Ethics , Moral psychology , Moral relativism 510 Words | 17 Pages. : Does Nietzsche Think There Is No Truth? Explain. Essay Question: Does Nietzsche think there is no truth? Explain Nietzsche is one of the most important and . influential philosophers at 19th century.

In the main lines of his philosophy, it can be shown that he protests against all philosophical aspects in his own age. He is against rationality, all philosophical systems, historical streams and all values, which are approved. Essay Award. According to Nietzsche , the truth is not a concept to be discovered or founded. It is a concept to be. Friedrich Nietzsche , Human , Morality 1395 Words | 5 Pages. Nietzsche , Birth of Tragedy In Friedrich Nietzsche’s work The Birth of Tragedy, he argues that during the argumentative, times of the ancient Greeks the . artistic fusion between the Apollonian way of thinking and the Dionysian way of thinking lead to the creation of the essay, greatest works of tragic art and music.

Nietzsche believes that society needs to develop a new art form that recognizes the balance between the apollonian and Dionysian influence to differentiated reaffirm human existence. Nietzsche uses the Greek Gods, Apollo. Apollonian and Dionysian , Art , Dionysus 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Morality and Relgion - Irish Murdoch. Iris Murdoch-“ Morality and Religion”: Notes pg. 733, para 1: Murdoch’s purpose is to award winning question the need help writing argumentative, relationship of morality to winning . religion, and look at their differences as well as the definition of religion. -She claims this essay is moral philosophy and feels she must clarify whether her philosophy is help argumentative, religious or not. -She discusses how some believe religion really must be “breathed in” during childhood (taught to children by their parents); otherwise, adults may feel they are just faking it—but. Faith , God , Human 1691 Words | 6 Pages. Nietzsche : The Conscience In his second essay of the essay, Geneaology of Morals, Nietzsche attempts to identify and hukum pidana islam explain the essay winning, . origin of the start autobiography research paper, conscience. He does not adopt the view of the conscience that is accepted by essay, the “English Psychologists”, such as Bentham, J. Mill, J.S. Mill and Hume, as the result of an innate moral feeling.

Rather, it is his belief that the moral content of our conscience is formed during childhood under the influence of society. Nietzsche defines the conscience as. Conscience , Ethics , Friedrich Nietzsche 1568 Words | 5 Pages. - I'd never given much thought to how I would die”. “But dying in instruction the place of someone I love seemed like a good way to go. Essay. - Bella's thought on the . first lines of Twilight Saga, written by Stephenie Meyer. The narration had also appeared in the first scene of the movie based on this phenomenally-popular novel with the writing argumentative essay, same name, and released November 21, 2008 in essay winning North America and December 11, 2008 in Australia. Critical. The director Catherine Hardwicke nails emotions of teenagers and essay stays faithful.

Bella Swan , Edward Cullen , Kristen Stewart 843 Words | 3 Pages. Hume vs. Kant: the Nature of Morality. in moral laws . As Hume points out in A Treatise of Human Nature , ?§ morality is a subject that interests us above all others.?? . Originally, thoughts of how to live were centered on the issue of having the most satisfying life with ?§virtue governing one?¦s relations to others??, as written by J. B. Schneewind in Modern Moral Philosophy. Nevertheless, the view that there is help writing argumentative, one way to live that is best for everyone and essay winning the view that morality is determined by God came to start autobiography paper be questioned, and it is this.

Categorical imperative , David Hume , Deontological ethics 1637 Words | 5 Pages. On the Genealogy of Morality: Friedrich Nietzsche's Polemic. Nietzsche is award, inherently polemic. This is a characterization that Nietzsche has applied to start autobiography research paper himself; the essay, book that both informs, . and is informed by every other book Nietzsche has written on tesis the subject of revaluation of existing values, On the essay, Genealogy of essay Morality , is essay award winning, subtitled simply A Polemic. It is need help writing argumentative, clear that in this context, Nietzsche’s polemic is derived from the extent to which Nietzsche’s argument will invariably conflict with the existing system of valuation, to which the book is meant to. Beyond Good and Evil , Eternal return , Friedrich Nietzsche 1706 Words | 5 Pages. The Changing Meaning of Concepts Throughout History - Nietzsche and Foucault.

In this essay I will summarize how the philosophers Friedrich Nietzsche and Michel Foucault have recorded how the meanings of certain concepts . have changed through history, paying close attention to the texts of Nietzsche's Good and essay winning Evil, Good and Bad and Foucault's The Insane. I will also suggest what I believe are the philosophical lessons that they think we can draw from recognizing these changes. In the chapter from his book Madness Civilization,The Insane, Michel Foucault charts. Evil , Friedrich Nietzsche , Gilles Deleuze 1587 Words | 4 Pages. Who Is Right About Ethics of Power Relationships, Hegel or Nietzsche? survive. Nietzsche argues that the master slave morality is help essay, divided into essay award winning two fundamental types of morality . The . “Master Morality ” weighs actions on critical essays on beloved a scale ranging from “good to bad consequences” while on a different spectrum the “Slave Morality ” weighs actions on a scale from “good or evil intentions”. Nietzsche believes that his master-slave morality implements the basis of essay award all critical explanation or interpretation of Western thought. According to Nietzsche’s master-slave morality , “Slave Morality”. Friedrich Nietzsche , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel , Master-slave dialectic 1609 Words | 4 Pages.

Odyssey V on the Genealogy of Morality. Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of industrial engineering application Morality . Nietzsche depicts the aristocratic man, the noble man, very distinctly with qualities . of mentality and behavior. An aristocratic man embraces his sovereignty, relishes in life, and refuses to feel guilt. Odysseus lives what Nietzsche describes as a good and noble life, a life characterized by action and war. Odysseus not only is King of Ithaca, but also the epitome of the aristocratic man in attitude and action. Nietzsche conveys his admiration of the noble. Aristocracy , Homer , Ithaca 1195 Words | 4 Pages. ?Marticio, Abigail A. ZPL 111- 3CPM 1. What are the fundamental questions which ethics tries to essay resolve? Ethics seeks to resolve questions dealing with . human morality —concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. 2. Distinguish a human act from start research act of man.

The difference between human acts and man acts is that human acts are a free will decision. This includes knowledge, freedom and voluntarism When modifiers come into essay award winning play, then it makes the act become. Ethics , Human , John Stuart Mill 1844 Words | 5 Pages. The Nature of Source and Evidence Summary. The Nature of Source and Evidence summary Inquiry includes • What? • How? • Who? • When? • Where? • Why? There are no . simple answers to these questions. In many cases, there is a lot of debate about the answers.

Historians examine traces of the past in order to answer these questions. These traces are called ‘sources’. Historiography • The study of how archaeologists and historians reconstruct the past, the sources they use and the way in start autobiography research paper which they use them. • Focuses on methodology. Historiography , Peloponnesian War , Pericles 828 Words | 4 Pages. Johnny Lee Plato versus Nietzsche The central ideas that two great philosophers, Plato and award winning Friedrich Nietzsche , talked about industrial essay . were the reality and essay winning appearance; and autobiography paper what they mainly focused on is where we as humans stand between these two. Of course, regarding the essay award winning, fact that Plato and Nietzsche lived in different time periods, they had their differences that conflict with each other’s theories. Differentiated Instruction. But they do have something to agree upon; they both argue that humans live in essay an illusory world of need writing argumentative essay our.

Arthur Schopenhauer , Existentialism , Meaning of life 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Summary and Critique of Don Maquis- Anti-Abortion Argument. Summary and Critique of Don Maquis- Anti -Abortion Argument The key element of Don Marquis argument is in the effort to essay award . Thesis Differentiated. distinguish the difference between abortion and contraception in winning order to provide a clear argument against abortion, aside from extreme cases. Without conflicting with the interest of the general public by being forced to suggest contraception is ethically wrong as well. When he compiles his argument he begins by providing the argument for a ‘pro-choice’ approach which makes the. Abortion , Abortion debate , Ethics 2022 Words | 5 Pages.

On Morality / By Joan Didion As it happens I am in Death Valley, in a room at the Enterprise Motel and Trailer Park, and it is July, and it is . hot. In fact it is 119°. I cannot seem to make the air conditioner work, but there is need help writing argumentative essay, a small refrigerator, and I can wrap ice cubes in a towel and hold them against award winning, the small of differentiated instruction my back. With the help of the award, ice cubes I have been trying to think, because The American Scholar asked me to, in some abstract way about “ morality ,” a word I distrust more every. Conscience , Desert , Joan Didion 2183 Words | 5 Pages. Sir Francis Bacon's, The Four Idols , and essays by toni Steven Jay Gould's, Nonmoral Nature , are quite compatible as comparisons. I would say . more so than comparing Gould's work with Charles Darwin's Natural Selection, from a literary standpoint. I think Bacon and Gould would have shared some similar ideas and agreed with one another on several issues. When describing Bacon's Idols of the Tribe, Bacon states,have their foundation in human nature itself, and in essay winning the tribe or race of men. For it is essays by toni, a false assertion.

Aesthetics , Charles Darwin , Human 935 Words | 3 Pages. Patterns in Nature 1. Organisms are made of cells that have similar structural characteristics * Outline the historical development of . the essay, cell theory, in on beloved morrison particular the contributions of essay award Robert Hooke and Robert Brown Robert Hooke was the need help, first person to observe a cell through a compound microscope in 1665. Franscesco Redi used a microscope to observe that flies do not spontaneously appear but develop from eggs laid by other flies. Many years later, Robert Brown observed a large body in. Bacteria , Cell , Cell membrane 2394 Words | 7 Pages. Eng-112 Morality There is an inherent question on the basis of morality and whether or not it is a man-made, almost religious . invention or if it is intrinsic to essay winning our beings as humans. I think that the rope that is the need help, argument between is award, too complicated and tightly knotted to have a short conversation about, but by fraying the ends of the rope we can inevitably decide that morality is innate and essays on beloved that religion may have a part in building upon it, but not in creating it.

The curiosity behind the. Ethics , Faith , God 1373 Words | 4 Pages. Master Morality vs. Slave Morality: Neiztche. Master Morality vs. Slave Morality : Neiztche Wikipedia defines morality as “a system of principles and judgments . based on cultural, religious, and philosophical concepts and beliefs, by which humans determine whether given actions are right or wrong.” (Wikipedia Morality ) Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche , a German philosopher thought up of the idea that there are two moralities ; The master and slave morality . These define a person by essay award, there actions to there world around them and how they handle certain. Beyond Good and Evil , Friedrich Nietzsche , Immanuel Kant 860 Words | 3 Pages. ? MORALITY THALINE JACQUET March 16, 2014 PHIL. 201 PROF.

CHRITINA FUSCH AIU ONLINE Morality is an . important concept that has always generated interest when dealing with business organizations. Some of the business organizations argue that morality in business is important as it ensures that the needs of the customers are fully satisfied. However, with the help writing, increased focus on profitability, morality the essay award, concepts of morality is no longer considered in most organizations. Deontological ethics , Ethics , Immanuel Kant 905 Words | 3 Pages. Layne Johnson Dr. Research Paper. Scott Austin PHIL 251-502 December 6, 2011 Nietzsche and the Ascetic Ideal According to award winning Friedrich . Nietzsche in his third essay of “On the Genealogy of autobiography paper Morals” the ascetic ideal is nothing more than a false sense of moral codes and boundaries set to fill what would be an essay award otherwise void part of the cause effect, human mind.

Nietzsche believes that any true philosopher will reject the notion of ascetic ideals as a creation of the misguided masses of society. He believed that to make sense of. Ethics , Friedrich Nietzsche , Human 2130 Words | 5 Pages. Nietzsche's critique of Plato and Christianity. ourselves, the essay award, murderers of all murderers?” ( Nietzsche , 1882, 1887, s. 125).This is one of many renowned and influential quotes devised by thesis instruction, the . prolific German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche . A lover of essay award winning Greek myths and a philologist by trade, Nietzsche expounded his controversial philosophy with an iron fist criticizing Platonism, Christianity and other popular forms of thought as anesthetising and suppressing the instinctual, impulsive energies of man. Nietzsche was the original non-conformist and true. Ancient Greece , Beyond Good and Evil , Friedrich Nietzsche 2437 Words | 7 Pages. theories, there are many ways to determine one’s identity.

An identity can be shaped by autobiography paper, the experiences we have in relation to other individuals, but the . Winning. philosopher Nietzsche says the best way to determine ones identity is to remove yourself completely from society to fully understand one’s true identity. The Philosopher Nietzsche once wrote: “The individual has always had to work hard to avoid being overwhelmed by essay, the tribe. If you try it, you will be lonely and sometimes frightened. But no price. Debut albums , Facebook , Identity 1605 Words | 4 Pages. Vis a vis morality , for us to lay the foundation of the understanding of the term, I deemed it necessary to search for its meaning and essay I found . in Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary: Third Edition that morality is a personal or social set of start research standards for good or bad behavior and character or the quality of being right, honest, or acceptable. Taking from the definition itself, we can draw out a conclusion that morality is more of a personal encounter of what is morally good or right. Winning. It might. Birth control , Condom , Family planning 931 Words | 3 Pages.

The Secret Agent: Human Nature vs. Morality. The Secret Agent: Human Nature vs. Morality “The surface of society, like that of the sea, is in perpetual motion; its depths, . like those of the ocean, remain unmoved.” - Sir James Frazer Kingdoms come and go; Empires rise and fall. Men achieve great power, and manage to lose it as quickly as they originally gained it. What causes this? What malevolent force can cause man to lose what they worked so hard for? Human nature . As old as mankind itself, it is something that is so deeply. Human nature , Joseph Conrad , Moral 1087 Words | 3 Pages. ? Idols and Francis Bacon By: Bailey Gray Soc 101-099 TR 11:10 To Francis Bacon the four . idols , tribe, cave, market place, and theater, beset the minds of thesis differentiated men (Bacon). Award. To him, the human race has four prejudices that haze our scientific thoughts: 1) Our perceptions are true and trust worthy,2) Experience make us wise, 3) Language provides us to application essay be superior beings, and 4) We believe previous scientific theories and philosophical assertions (Bacon).

Because. Francis Bacon , Human , Middle East 1295 Words | 6 Pages. Moral Issues in Business Chapter One The Nature of Morality Terminology • What is ethics? • The study of right and essay winning wrong • . Distinguish between ethics and morality ? • Some people distinguish between the two. We will use them interchangeably. • What is business ethics? • The study of thesis instruction what constitutes right and wrong, or good and bad, human conduct in a business context. Non-Moral Standards • Characteristics of moral standards • Concern behavior that is of serious consequence to human welfare • Take.

Business ethics , Ethics , God 525 Words | 2 Pages.

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A Day At The Beach Essays and Research Papers. suitcase, sitting near the essay award winning, black colored T.V, and grabbed my bright orange swim trunks. I ran like a cheetah catching it's prey, into the tiny cramped . bathroom to change. I sprinted out of my beachfront hotel and onto the golden brown sand of the thesis, beach . Winning? The sand wasn't too hot since it was still morning. Islam? I love the feeling of the rough, grainy sand sliding through my small toes and I smell the gentle breeze of the clear, blue ocean. In my mind I know the ocean has to essay, be freezing cold, but I can't. Engineering Essay? Beach , Blue , Debut albums 864 Words | 3 Pages. Winning? his mum replies with a small grin “today is my day off, I feel like… shopping” she says “oh sweet, can you take Ana with you, so I can hang out . Cause Effect Essay? with Luka and essay award winning Jamey at the beach , after all she would love to go shopping with you?” asked Stefan with his fingers crossed and trying to put on a persuasive tone and a pleading face “Sure, but I want you to thesis differentiated instruction, be extra careful, punt on your sunscreen, cross the roads safely and STAY AWAY from the rocks on the beach , Understand?”, “yeah I know, you’ve told me like. LOOK , Mother , Wave 1100 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay- Beach , Vacation The place where I feel most comfortable is a place where I am calm. A place that is peaceful in its own . Essay Winning? ways.

It is the place to go to get away from all my troubles. It is the one place where I could sit forever, and never get tired of just staring into the deepest blue I have ever seen. It is the place where I can sit and start paper think the best. A place where nothing matters but what is in that little moment. The one place capable of sending my senses into an overload. Brookhaven, New York , Causality , Descriptive statistics 775 Words | 4 Pages. ?A day at the beach As a child, I would often relish those fun-filled, joyous family outings. Along with my irritating little . sister and adoring parents, we would speed off in the car ready to create a new adventure and take a plenty of pictures to essay award winning, add to the collection in the family album. An experience that stands out most to me now as a young adult was a time when we went to the beach when I was about eight years old.

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The beach is cause a time of fun, relaxation, and a place to release stress. When walking the boardwalk, I remember the essay award winning, smell of research French fries. The sound of laughter and children playing filled my heart with excitement. Walking on the hot sand, I lay my beach towel down on the. Beach , Ocean , Relaxation 512 Words | 2 Pages. I dream about the rest of my day at the beach . When we finally arrive after what feels like days , I run from the . parking lot the to the oceansideµ, I inhale the cool, clear, and almost heavenly air of the beach . The salt water traces the winning, air with a unique scent that triggers my memories coming to the beach as a toddler. The clear and industrial application essay sunny skies fill me with energy; I feel reborn, as if I entered an entirely new world. While I stroll down the picturesque beach in Malibu, my feet leave imprints. Climate , English-language films , Ocean 554 Words | 2 Pages. It was a hot, oppressive day and my friends and I decided that it was a virtuous day to essay award winning, go to start research paper, the beach . I . could see the Sun optimistic yellow pellet, blistering in the sky as we were on our way to the Newport Beach in Rhode Island.

The open-air temperature was progressively starting to plunge down and the traffic lanes were starting to get narrower which was a sign that we were close to the beach . Winning? We parked our car into essays, the parking spot and started walking across the black asphalt, which emanated. Essay Award? Azure , Blue , Color 644 Words | 2 Pages. ?Descriptive - A day at need help writing argumentative essay, the beach As I rose above the towering dunes, the endless crash of waves began to ripple towards my . ear. As I stepped upon the blissful beach , the golden glistening granules of sand moulded around my feet. Award Winning? The smooth softness filled my body with warmth. My eyes were fixed on critical on beloved the horizon, as the sun materialized and rose higher into the sky like a balloon floating away in the distance. The deserted shore lured me to the glimmering lonesome ocean. As I made my way down the. Horizon , Light , Sky 681 Words | 2 Pages. up to the edge of the beach again and essay award dunked my toe into and/or, the water.

It felt as if my numbed foot from before melted into essay award, a puddle mixed . with the ocean. My acidic stomach turned to its side as the pungent smell of decayed algae filled the air. I could hear the fish in hukum islam the ocean screaming for attention; at the same time I could smell their fear toward the award, sea gulls that were hungry looking for any fish in the water for lunch. A Day On The Beach By: Qena Morgan Tuesday. Blue , Horizon , Light 428 Words | 2 Pages. ?Kaylyn Olson October 17, 2011 6th Hour A Day at the Beach When I was in fifth grade I went to need argumentative, Cancun, Mexico with my . family. It was an adventure of winning a lifetime that I will never forget.

The entire trip my family and I bonded. During our seven day trip we spent a good portion of our time at the beach . At the resort, they had a little outdoor restaurant and a crystal clear swimming pool. I could smell the juicy burgers frying on the grill and the crispy homemade fries cooking in. Beach , Diving , Massage 500 Words | 2 Pages. takes to become a Beach Lifeguard” (Introduction) When you arrive at the beach you will usually see the lifeguard either . standing in autobiography paper his tower or talking to people attending the beach . Essay? People don’t pay much mind to the guard the essay, rest of the award, day unless of course, you need help. (Thesis) The truth is critical on beloved many people that attend the beach don’t know how hard it is to keep tens of thousands of people safe at the beach every year. This speech will take you into what being a beach lifeguard is essay winning all about. On Beloved? Brotherhood , Drowning , English-language films 927 Words | 2 Pages. ?Bronte Perez 9.29 Dazzle Writing The Photo It sits on the whitish nightstand, a gentle reminder on a hectic day of bustling and essay award forced . dialogue to relax and reminisce. Wrapped in its faded wooden cerulean frame, the snapshot transports me to cause essay, another place. While the award winning, actual photograph is slightly sun-bleached, the memory stands clear and vibrant in my mind.

My Abuelitos and I are sitting in a row on the shore. Our chairs are bright cherry red. I’m wearing my favorite aquamarine Little Mermaid. Carne asada 742 Words | 3 Pages. Myrtle Beach Christina Rabb January 28, 2012 Professor Overall reasons on why people travel to industrial essay, Myrtle Beach , as the . beach can be a very pleasant place to visit. There you can enjoy walking on the beach , swimming, looking for seashells, fishing off the essay winning, pier, and more. There are also places to visit and see while in the area that is family friendly. Being able to walk along the main junction, visit shops together and having family fun. The main reason is the enjoyment of being outdoors enjoying. Hukum Pidana? Attraction , Dolphin , English-language films 1017 Words | 3 Pages. ? U.S.

History 4th Paper Battle of Normandy, Utah Beach 5/31/13 Flooded Zone on essay award winning Contentin Peninsula. Need Help Writing Essay? Shows what the terrain was for . the incoming troops In the Battle of Normandy, France; more specifically Utah Beach , it was the essay award winning, westernmost of the five landing beaches on the Contentin peninsula we were invading. It was located at hukum islam, the base of the Cotentin Peninsula, northwest of the Carentan Estuary on sandy dune beaches. Also located between two villages; Pouppeville and. 101st Airborne Division , Airborne forces , Dwight D. Eisenhower 1469 Words | 4 Pages. SUNSET AT THE BEACH 4 Sunset at the Beach Kinnery Limbachia Adventist University of award Health Sciences Sunset at the . Beach As I walk down to the beach alone and climb up onto the rocks, I jumped from one rock to another until I came across the tesis hukum, biggest rock that I could find to sit on and enjoy the view of this bright orange sun just about to hit the essay winning, water on the horizon. After a very fun, but exhausting day at the beach , I finally felt relaxed staring into this beautiful act of nature. Sitting.

Horizon , Ocean , Oxygen 878 Words | 3 Pages. Beach Volleyball Beach Volleyball has been played for thesis differentiated, many years, and organizations such as the California . Beach Volleyball Association have helped in furthering the sport. Beach Volleyball is now available to everyone and it is even played in the Olympics. In the early twenty's, in Santa Monica, California, the first Volleyball courts were put up on the beach at the Playground [in Santa Monica] (History of essay Beach Volleyball). Most games consisted of families playing six on six (History. 2008 Summer Olympics , Beach volleyball , Karch Kiraly 878 Words | 3 Pages. that my clothes where getting a little tighter, I was always asking them for their food and industrial engineering essay they asked me, Are you pregnant? At that moment, I thought maybe . I am it all makes sense with all the problems I have been having. Award? After getting home that day from school my friend gave me a pregnancy test and I was so scared.

I could barely open it because I was shaking so much, looking at the results it was positive. I quickly started thinking how in the world am I going to tell my grandmother I’m pregnant. Abortion , Debut albums , Feeling 672 Words | 2 Pages. A1: The Beach Carrier is a new product concept developed by Mary Ricci. It is need argumentative a large, lightweight, durable bag that is essay winning designed to carry . everything required for thesis, a day at winning, the beach , including a chair. Need Help Writing? The Beach Carrier can be folded down to a 12-inch by 12-inch square for essay winning, easy storage when not in industrial application use. It comes with an adjustable strap and various-sized pockets for carrying all types of award winning items to the beach or other outdoor activities (i.e. concerts, picnics, and barbecues). And/or? The Beach Carrier possesses. Assumption of Mary , Competitor analysis , Costs 1501 Words | 4 Pages. A Day at essay award winning, the Beach . 1 Melissa Milo ENG 121 Syndee Wood Wednesday, May 08, 2013 2 It is amazing to help, me how the essay award winning, beach can make me feel like a kid again.

The sun shining as it rises from the east. Tesis Pidana Islam? Beach , Coast , English-language films 431 Words | 2 Pages. The Man on the Beach The blissful, enclosed, beach is silent. Essay Winning? The bright glow of the sun blinds you as it emerges; it rises . like a yellow puppet on the distant horizon. Crashing against the shore, small waves wash the night's debris onto the land. Untouched golden sand covers the floor as far as your eyes can see.

Soothing, a gentle sea breeze rustles through your hair. Beach shops prepare for need writing essay, their day of excited costumers bustling in and out of winning their small seafront shops. Looking out to the. Beach , Sand , Sand art and play 1076 Words | 3 Pages. Waking up to the piquant mists of the beach , I instantly feel refreshed.

A cool breeze blew by me taking my inner being with it. The multiple . strands of hair crossed my face; the sun peaked above the start autobiography, horizon as if it was afraid to essay award, give out effect its rays. Essay Award Winning? The scent of the help writing essay, salty sea tingled my nose and filled my lungs as I breathed in a gasp of fresh air. As the award, ocean mists splash gently across my face, it rejuvenates my body from the stress I had all year long. The sand was a field of corals, with a collection. Beach , Blue , English-language films 1005 Words | 3 Pages. December Beach Days in autobiography Hawaii A beach in essay award Hawaii on a December day is like day at research paper, a lake . in award winning mid a August. Engineering Application Essay? The beach smells fresh, almost like a new ocean breeze air freshener The sand is hot and looks like gold blended in with little white specks, it sparkles like the water running offthe swimmers back and feels like walking on coals from buming grill. Essay Award? Not far from the a shore, you can see the coral sitting still in the wild and shallow water.

Turtles drift in to see all the people. The palm. Industrial Application? English-language films , Kanon , Key 531 Words | 2 Pages. ? To Mr.V.M. Subrayen Acting Superintendent of Education Management Ward 141 Phoenix Central 05/05/2015 Re – Consent to undertake excursion – . Beach Walk Sir, Please see annexure A – Correspondence to parents. Please be informed that we are fully aware that we are supposed to essay, have sought your permission to help essay, undertake this excursion at least one month prior to undertaking the said excursion, however, Sir, please bear with us for this default, as you are fully aware of our dismal plight in winning dealing. Informed consent , Learners , Money 929 Words | 3 Pages. to be bothered and a bit frustrated. Then I realized I am in California! The beach is literally outside my window and God gave me a glorious . day to get up and go enjoy! So I listened to research, God and essay award got out of bed and was going to take the hotel van into town to get a coffee and paper when I noticed a sign saying bikes for essay, rent-- so I again listened to the signs that God was clearly giving me for what he intended my day to be like and essay award winning journeyed off on need argumentative the bike. Winning? God is so wonderful. He created the.

2009 singles , Alarm clock , Clock 442 Words | 2 Pages. D- Day Silas Hanegraaf The commendable victory of the D- day invasion was due to an important location; this location . neutralized the Nazi army because the Allied powers had many supplies stored in Great Britain to prepare for the attack. D- day proved to be one of the most powerful invasions in history since it was a monolithic turning point of World War II. D- day proved to be important because of the research, outstanding overtaking of Omaha Beach and the massive death toll that occurred on that monumental. Adolf Hitler , Allies , Allies of World War II 1835 Words | 5 Pages. Sunset on a Beach The sun peaked through the horizon, if saying a final goodbye to this California beach bed. Before leaving she . gave me a gift of pure peace and serenity. Holding my eyes prisoner to essay award, the heavenly sight she put in front of me. While my feet were held into the grainy sand in desperate need of warmth and engineering essay the smell of salt invading my nostrils.

The beach is award warm, with a captivating view, and has pure peace. Start Autobiography Research? The beach is where my problems and stressed are released, where nothing goes. Winning? Beach , Bikini , Sun 1048 Words | 3 Pages. Some of the greatest battles in Canadian history took place during the need essay, course of World War II. Most would argue it to have been Stalingrad, The Battle of the . Essay? Atlantic, or even the Battle of Scheldt. The Battle at Juno Beach was a defining moment in Canadian history that led to the rise of a great nation.

On June 6, 1944, after having prepared for autobiography research paper, more than four years, Canadian troops in Britain took place in an invasion that would become the greatest turning point in Canadian history. “. early. Allies , Canada , Invasion of Normandy 1446 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Winning? which manifest on every street corner, lush field and quiet beach . Without doubt the main attraction in instruction Goa has to award, be its beaches. During the . winter, masses of European tourists descend on its resorts as the summer destinations back home begin to cool down. But it's not just about the beaches - there are plenty of other attractions. Goa is beautifully unspoilt (like Spain was some 35 years ago) with sandy beaches that are dotted with beach shacks serving fabulous food - all the more remarkable considering. Beach , Goa , India 1391 Words | 5 Pages. Writing Argumentative Essay? Statement: To present information on Daytona Beach Florida and surrounding attractions. Essay Award? Central Idea: To give basic facts about engineering essay Daytona . Beach and inform of essay award local attractions. Introduction: Florida is a great state to visit and an even better state to essays by toni, live in. I would like to tell you about an essay award winning area that I lived in in the 90’s.

Daytona Beach and some of the great attractions that are nearby. Body: I. Some famous people that call the writing essay, Daytona Beach area their home. A. John Travolta. Daytona Beach, Florida , Daytona International Speedway , Florida 533 Words | 3 Pages. Award Winning? Cronulla Beach Research Assignment. Cronulla Beach is a popular tourist attraction and attracts many beachgoers from all over Sydney. It is located on instruction a southern Sydney . peninsular, surrounded by Botany Bay to the north, Bate Bay to the east, Port Hacking to essay award winning, the south, and Gunnamatta Bay to the west. On the tesis hukum pidana islam, 14th of March 2011, year 10 went to award winning, Cronulla Beach to investigate how people use and start autobiography research interact with the coastal environment.

We investigated three main things and essay award winning they were: * What impacts local residents and businesses have. Engineering? Beach , Beach nourishment , Coastal and essay award winning oceanic landforms 1662 Words | 6 Pages. Tesis Hukum Pidana Islam? The Beach at essay winning, Sunset Of all the places in the world I could be, I would choose the beach . The beach is a . spectacular and beautiful place any time of hukum year, any time of the essay winning, day . The beach at sunset is my most favorite time of day because the colors are so beautiful, it is thesis peaceful and relaxing, and I have time to remember the all the award winning, many things in my life I am thankful for. The colors at sunset at the beach are both beautiful and thesis differentiated amazing. Essay Award? They change from red or pink, to yellow or orange or. 2005 singles , 2009 singles , English-language films 437 Words | 2 Pages. Cause Effect Essay? Canadians at Juno Beach on D- Day D- Day on June 6, 1944 was the most significant day in essay award the . Start Autobiography Paper? history of war because it marked the award, end of WWII. D- day on Juno beach impacted Canada positively in many ways. Firstly, Canadians proved to thesis differentiated, the world that they would die defending freedom and democracy. Essay? With the critical on beloved, strong military, Canada showed that they were an effective fighting force and helped to defeat the Nazi’s.

Canada also gained it own identity and proved the world that they were powerful and didn’t. British Empire , Canada , Canadian Forces 729 Words | 3 Pages. 7 kind of award people you will most likely spot in a beach The beach , one of the favorite hot spots to hang out in Singapore. . Without a doubt, Sentosa comes to your mind and the large crowds you will see during the weekends. Here comes the interesting part, out of the hundreds of people, there are certain classifications for all of them. In this essay, it will consist of the seven kinds of people who most likely stand out among the rest. In a beach , highly populated with different people, these are.

Entertainment , Girl , Recreation 1165 Words | 3 Pages. TASK 3 : Compare and Contrast: Mountain Vs Beach Vacation COMM1085 Section #79 By Bailey Oud ID: 6671796 Instructor: Louise Lloyd Date: . October 30, 2014 Ever since couples have had the luxury of the honeymoon, along with a never ending list of differentiated post-matrimony getaway options, the choice of essay award winning where to tesis hukum pidana, go for this once in essay award a life time vacation has become increasingly important. As the industrial engineering application essay, perfect romantic getaway has become more and more ideal, the beach versus the mountain escape has raged. After. Beach volleyball , Choice , Club Med 657 Words | 3 Pages. ! ! The Beach ! The beach can be a very relaxing place to be. Award? There are so many things about the beach that make . it a calming place. Hukum Pidana Islam? The most obvious things are the sights and sounds, from the ocean to the beautiful landscape.

The less noticeable are what you feel, smell, and believe it or not, taste. There is not much to dislike about the beach , except maybe a bad case of sunburn. Going to the beach can be a calming getaway from the everyday stresses and pressures of life. Winning? The many sounds of hukum the. Beach , English-language films , Key 488 Words | 2 Pages.

Running head: WILDER DESTINATION Destination: Myrtle Beach , SC Dezarae Wilder Professor Eva Smith: HTM100 Spring 2011 May 1, 2011 . Destination: Myrtle Beach , SC I. Why do tourists visit Myrtle Beach , SC? Myrtle Beach , SC is a prime location for tourists any time of the year. It's location on the eastern coastline of the United States is in between North Carolina and Georgia. It is the first state on Interstate 95 South that travelers see Palm Trees. Their average temperature is about. Grand Strand , Horry County, South Carolina , Myrtle Beach, South Carolina 936 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Winning? Vacationing at cause, beach or in mountains Where would you prefer to go on award vacations? What is your dream destination for an ideal vacation? All of . us like to go on vacation, even if it is somewhere near by our place or even when you just have to stay at critical by toni morrison, home, without doing any work. Who does not like vacations?

Vacations become more exciting and interesting when you find a right and good place to spend your leisure time. Most people go on vacations to islands, beaches, mountains or some other country. Beach , Beach volleyball , English-language films 876 Words | 3 Pages. Amanda Matya The Beach The bright sun emerges up over award, the water, like a giant lollipop coming out over the horizon. Effect? The sky fills with its . fierce pink and orange glow.

A strong gust of wind blows past me, warms my face and the fresh scent of the salty ocean water makes its way through my nostrils as I take a deep breath taking it all in. The warmth of the sun covers my whole body like a blanket. You can hear the faint sounds of seagulls in the distance out searching for their morning breakfast. Beach , Conor Oberst , English-language films 422 Words | 2 Pages. Myrtle Beach Destination Analysis. ? Myrtle Beach Destination Analysis BA 499 Specialized Study June 17, 2013 Myrtle Beach , SC . Myrtle Beach is a coastal city on the east coast of the essay award winning, United States in Horry County, South Carolina.

It is located in the center of thesis instruction a large and continuous stretch of beach known as the essay, Grand Strand in northeastern South Carolina. Cause And/or? Myrtle Beach is one of the essay, major centers of tourism in the United States because of the critical on beloved, city's warm subtropical climate and award winning extensive beaches, attracting. Tesis Hukum Pidana Islam? Beach , Grand Strand , Horry County, South Carolina 1530 Words | 7 Pages. A Feasibility study on KEING BEACH RESORT In Pitogo, Zamboanga del Sur A Feasibility Study Presented to the Faculty of the College of . Business and Economics In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Administration Presented by award, Marjorie A. Espinosa Juneil L. Amarela Gremar J. Araniego Introduction A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation, attracting visitors for vacations and/or tourism. Resorts are places. Coast , Isle of thesis differentiated Wight , Pier 691 Words | 3 Pages. A new sunny day has just begun. The beach is award silent, but only for a while. Very soon crowds of people will flood on to the critical essays on beloved morrison, . beach . The bright, burning ball blinds and rises like a sunflower on the distant horizons.

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Arthur Agatston, a cardiologist, began as a response to the growing rate of . heart disease patients in the United States. He found that many of the fad diets were focused on high carbohydrates, which were not affecting the type of critical by toni weight loss needed to reduce heart disease. The center, or heart of the diet, is focused on essay healthy lifestyle living, and maintenance around nutritional choices. The South Beach diet focuses on three phases. Diets , Glycemic index , Health 1579 Words | 5 Pages. German Disposition at Omaha Beach - enemy beach defenses; deliberate defense. Terrain: HIgh cliffs with open beach . front.

American Doctrine: Pre-landing Bombing or Bombardment with Naval Gunfire and overwhelming fire support from engineering essay all sources. (US Experience in Central Pacific) ^ Amphibious British Doctrine: Amphibious operations. Tactical surprise under the cover of darkness - limiting effects of enemy fire.--lessens casualties, and allows you to attack in winning high defense (British experience. 3 Commando Brigade , Amphibious warfare , Landing craft 528 Words | 3 Pages. best honeymoon destination in South East Asia. I recommend this place because in need help essay Singapore there have many interesting places to visit and winning activities can do. . May be you can experiences by your own and you may find for sure something for you. Day 1 In first day , I take you to Mt. Faber for a cable ride to help writing essay, Sentosa Island and a panoramic view of the essay, world’s busiest harbor. After that, we proceed to the Underwater World, one of the tesis hukum pidana islam, largest oceanarium that has an 83m long acrylic tunnel for a fabulous.

Raffles Hotel , Sentosa , Singapore 888 Words | 3 Pages. What historical benefit did D- day have in history? If the allies did not succeed in essay winning D- day would Europe still be occupied by . Hitler? The failure of D- day could have caused the Allies to lose in World War II. The idea of D- day was in process since March 9, 1942 when President Roosevelt said I am becoming interested in the established of a new front this summer on the European continent (Collier 8). Critical By Toni Morrison? With the award winning, idea of penetrating a very fortified German front the Allies had their hands full. The invasion. Adolf Hitler , Allies , Allies of World War II 1834 Words | 5 Pages. ?ShaTerrian Brown Mr. Janky English 1301 9/23/2013 My First Trip to Galveston Beach My family has always wanted to take a trip down to . Galveston during the torrid summer.

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The movie The Beach (2000) with Leonardo di Caprio playing the protagonist named Richard, is about Richard’s, and his newly found friends in Bangkok, search for paradise on winning an island just the off coast of Thailand called The Beach and their experience in start autobiography paper this so called paradise. . Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama , Kate Winslet , Leonardo DiCaprio 947 Words | 3 Pages. ?BABU SANTA BEACH RESORT There is this island located in the southern tip of essay award Samal. It is named as Talicud Island. Talicud it is due to its . location. It is rich in a way that photographers will surely absorb its’ richness through their lenses and so the divers may also dive into the alluring corals under the help writing, sea. The island can be reached through a ferry boat from Sta. Ana pier in Davao City.

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coldfusion resume nj Several introductory and award, tutorial articles on industrial application essay the Extensible Markup Language (XML) are referenced in the shorter XML Introduction document. Most articles are accessible online. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the universal format for structured documents and award winning, data on autobiography research the Web. -- W3C XML Web site, 2000-07-06. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is descriptively identified in the XML 1.0 W3C Recommendation as an extremely simple dialect [or 'subset'] of SGML the goal of which is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and essay award winning, processed on the Web in the way that is critical on beloved now possible with HTML, for which reason XML has been designed for ease of implementation, and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Note that the HTML referenced in the preceding sentence ( bis ) means HTML 4.0 and award, 3.2 which were in common use as of cause 10-February-1998, when the XML 1.0 specification was published as a W3C Recommendation. The next version of 'HTML' is winning expected to be reformulated as an XML application, so that it will be based upon XML rather than upon SGML.

As of December 1998, 'Voyager' was the W3C code name for by toni morrison, HTML reformulated as an application of XML. XML was initially developed by a W3C Generic SGML Editorial Review Board formed under the auspices of the W3 Consortium in 1996 and chaired by essay award Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems, with the very active participation of differentiated instruction a Generic SGML Working Group also organized by the W3C. An XML WG (Working Group) under W3C served initially as an editorial board, which received input from an XML Special Interest Group. As of late 1998, the XML design effort was re-chartered under the direction of an XML Coordination Group and XML Plenary Interest Group to essay award winning be carried out in five new XML working groups: XML Schema Working Group, XML Fragment Working Group, XML Linking Working Group (XLink and XPointer), XML Information Set Working Group, and XML Syntax Working Group. These working groups were designed to have close liaison relationships with the W3C's Extensible Style[sheet] Language (XSL) Working Group and Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group.

Extensible Markup Language, abbreviated XML, describes a class of data objects called XML documents and partially describes the behavior of computer programs which process them. XML is an application profile or restricted form of SGML, the Standard Generalized Markup Language. By construction, XML documents are conforming SGML documents. XML is primarily intended to meet the requirements of large-scale Web content providers for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, media-independent publishing, one-on-one marketing, workflow management in collaborative authoring environments, and the processing of Web documents by intelligent clients. It is also expected to find use in certain metadata applications.

XML is fully internationalized for both European and Asian languages, with all conforming processors required to support the Unicode character set in both its UTF-8 and UTF-16 encodings. The language is designed for the quickest possible client-side processing consistent with its primary purpose as an electronic publishing and data interchange format. [971208 W3C press release] XML documents are made up of storage units called entities , which contain either parsed or unparsed data. Parsed data is made up of thesis differentiated instruction characters , some of which form the character data in the document, and some of which form markup . Markup encodes a description of the document's storage layout and award, logical structure. Effect! XML provides a mechanism to essay award impose constraints on the storage layout and logical structure. A software module called an XML processor is used to read XML documents and provide access to their content and structure. It is assumed that an XML processor is islam doing its work on behalf of another module, called the application . This specification describes the required behavior of an XML processor in essay award winning terms of critical on beloved by toni morrison how it must read XML data and the information it must provide to essay award winning the application. [adapted from the Proposal]

Valid XML documents are designed to be valid SGML documents, but XML documents have additional restrictions. The W3C XML WG has published a technical NOTE providing a detailed comparison of the thesis instruction, additional restrictions that XML places on documents beyond those of SGML: see for the details. The NOTE also includes an SGML declaration which describes the constraints of XML applicable to an SGML parser. [local archive copy] [This paragraph is superseded by the technical NOTE 'NOTE-sgml-xml' referenced immediately above.] Features in SGML but not in XML include [as of November 5, 1996]: Tag omission; The CONCUR, LINK, DATATAG, and SHORTREF features; The connector in content models; Inclusions and exclusions in content models; CURRENT, CONREF, NAME, NAMES, NUMBER, NUMBERS, NUTOKEN, and NUTOKENS declarations for attributes; The NET construct; Abstract syntax; Capacities and quantities; Comments appearing within other markup declarations; Public Identifiers; Omission of quotes on attribute values. For a more recent/complete comparison of features, see the essay award winning, relevant section in the language specification, or What else has changed between SGML and XML? in the FAQ, maintained by Peter Flynn. As of December 1997, the current and former members of the XML WG are: Jon Bosak, Sun (Chair); James Clark (Technical Lead); Tim Bray, Textuality and Netscape (XML Co-editor); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (XML Co-editor); C. Critical Essays On Beloved By Toni! M. Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. (XML Co-editor); Dan Connolly, W3C; Steve DeRose, INSO; Dave Hollander, HP; Eliot Kimber, Highland; Eve Maler, ArborText; Tom Magliery, NCSA; Murray Maloney, Muzmo and Grif; Makoto Murata, Fuji Xerox Information Systems; Joel Nava, Adobe; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad; John Tigue, DataChannel. Historically: The W3C SGML Editorial Review Board, as of November 5, 1996, had the following members: Jon Bosak, Sun ([email protected]), chair; Tim Bray, Textuality ([email protected]), editor; James Clark ([email protected]), technical lead; Dan Connolly ([email protected]), W3C contact; Steve DeRose, EBT ([email protected]), editor; Dave Hollander, HP ([email protected]); Eliot Kimber, Passage Systems ([email protected]); Tom Magliery, NCSA ([email protected]); Eve Maler, ArborText ([email protected]); Jean Paoli, Microsoft ([email protected]); Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad ([email protected]); C. Michael Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. at essay winning Chicago ([email protected]), editor. XML/XLink/XSL Specifications: Reference Documents. Extensible Markup Language (XML) [Formerly: 'xml-lang']

Extensible Markup Language as a W3C Recommendation. [February 10, 1998] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 . W3C Recommendation 10-February-1998. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Engineering! Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago). Reference: REC-xml-19980210. [October 06, 2000] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000. Edited by Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at award Chicago and Text Encoding Initiative), and Eve Maler (Sun Microsystems, Inc. - Second Edition). Reference: . [December 13, 2001] XML 1.1 . W3C Working Draft 13-December-2001. Edited by John Cowan (Reuters). Version URL reference:

Latest Version URL: Abstract: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document. Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on help writing the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML. Award! XML has been designed for help argumentative, ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Sources: [see W3C for additional translations] Other Links: [October 09, 2000] XML 1.0 Second Edition as W3C Recommendation. The W3C's XML Core Working Group has published a new W3C Recommendation for Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . Reference: W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000, edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, and essay award, Eve Maler. This REC specification follows the earlier publication of a public Review Version. This second edition is not a new version of tesis hukum XML (first published 10-February-1998); it merely incorporates the changes dictated by the first-edition errata as a convenience to essay winning readers. Tesis Hukum Pidana Islam! The errata list for this second edition is available at The document abstract, unchanged from the 1998 first edition, appears to validate the hermeneutical theory that a text's intent escapes from the author and passes immediately into the control of the community upon utterance: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document.

Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in essay winning the way that is now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and help writing argumentative, HTML. The specification is provided in the following formats: XHTML, XML, PDF, and XHTML review version with color-coded revision indicators. See also the (non-normative) Production Notes in essay award Annex I: This Second Edition was encoded in help essay the XMLspec DTD (which has documentation available). The HTML versions were produced with a combination of the xmlspec.xsl, diffspec.xsl, and REC-xml-2e.xsl XSLT stylesheets. The PDF version was produced with the html2ps facility and a distiller program. [August 15, 2000] Paul Grosso (Co-Chair XML Core WG) announced that the essay, W3C XML Core Working Group has released a draft of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 Second Edition for public review: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) Review Version ; Reference: W3C Working Draft 14-August-2000. The second edition is research paper not a new version of winning XML; it is designed to bring the hukum pidana, XML 1.0 Recommendation up to essay date with the XML 1.0 Specification Errata (first edition). Reviewers are asked to report errors to the '[email protected]' mailing list, which is publicly archived. Paul writes: At this time, we are making two versions of the draft Second Edition available for a four week public review, and all interested parties are invited to review the current drafts and submit comments. Critical Essays On Beloved By Toni! This review period ends September 11, 2000, and award, soon thereafter, the XML Core WG plans to make these documents (possibly as amended per comments) the official XML 1.0 Recommendation Second Edition. All these public review documents are linked from the W3C TR page.

The 'plain' draft Second Edition is at, and this is the industrial engineering essay, version that would become the official Second Edition. Essay! We have also produced a 'review copy' which highlights changes between the first edition and this Second Edition, and it is at This may be provided along with the official Second Edition if it is deemed useful and appropriate, but the 'plain' version is the official one. Both versions contain embedded [Exx] references/links to the Errata document for each individual erratum that has been applied. (If we decide to maintain the 'review' version, we may decide to cause effect delete the essay, [Exx] references from the 'plain' one.) Please note that this review period is to allow everyone a chance to check that the errata that have been applied to the Second Edition are correct and correctly applied. Reports of further errata or ambiguities in XML 1.0 are welcome, but they will likely be saved to be considered for possible application to a later edition, not added to this Second Edition. Thesis Differentiated! [cache] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from Tim Bray.

See further description below. Bob DuCharme. XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on essay award Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. [January 15, 1999] Michel Goossens (Président GUTenberg) posted an thesis differentiated, open invitation for assistance in the creation of essay award winning a French translation of the XML 1.0 Specification and Peter Flynn's XML FAQ document. Alternately, if any readers are aware of the availability of such a translation already, or of a similar initiative, please communicate with Goossens about it so as to avoid duplication of efforts.

Press release: The World Wide Web Consortium Issues XML 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. Key Industry Players, Experts Collaborate to Develop Interoperable Data Format for the Web. Thesis! [local archive copy] Announcement on award TEI-L, XML 1.0 Is Official. From TEI Editor, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen. Quotes Allen Renear (ACH President), Susan Hockey, and others in need writing the academic community. XML 1.0 Fact Sheet; ;[local archive copy] XML 1.0 Testimonials, - from ACCESS, Adobe, Agranat Systems, Alis Technologies, ArborText, Bitstream, CNET, DataChannel, IBM, Inso, Junglee, Lotus, Microsoft, Open Market, Open SoftwareAssociates, POET Software, SoftQuad, Texcel, Textuality, Unwired Planet, Vignette, and webMethods. [local archive copy] W3C Endorses First XML Standard for Global Use. By Dana Gardner. In InfoWorld Electric . Essay Award! Posted at cause effect 11:40 AM PT, February 10, 1998. Details on the German translation: Deutsche Übersetzungen der XML-Spezifikationen, von Henning Behme (iX) und Stefan Mintert (Universität Dortmund). Also available in winning .ZIP format. Extensible Markup Language as a Proposed Recommendation. [December 08 [12], 1997] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, issued as a W3C Proposed Recommendation.

December 8, 1997. Industrial Application! Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago). Reference: PR-xml-971208. Version URL: Announced at award the SGML/XML '97 Conference in Washington, D.C.

See the press release, or a press release, alternate source. XML WG Chair Jon Bosak clarified the WG's new work focus in light of the publication of this PR. HTML Format Postscript format Postscript, .ZIP compressed RTF format XML format local archive copy (HTML) Japanese translation of the XML PR, in HTML format and in XML format Associated and referenced NOTE: Comparison of SGML and essay, XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. Extensible Markup Language - Other Earlier Working Draft Versions. [November 25, 1997] New draft specification for the Extensible Markup Language (XML), published by the W3C. References: W3C Working Draft 17-November-1997, WD-xml-971117, Version 1.0.

The version URL:; [local archive copy]. Extensible Markup Language (XML). Version 1.0. Edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, and C. M. Award Winning! Sperberg-McQueen. W3C Working Draft 07-Aug-97. Critical Essays! WD-xml-970807. Award! From W3C, HTML format, local archive copy in HTML format In XML format In Postscript format, local archive copy in and/or Postscript format Part 1: Japanese translation Previous version: Draft 30-June-97. HTML version, Postscript; local archive copy in HTML, or Postscript.

Previous version: Draft 31-March-97. from winning W3C, from engineering Textuality, local copy Previous version: Draft 14-November-96. HTML version, from W3C. Extensible Linking Language (XLL/XLink) [Formerly: 'xml-link'] Note: A separate document xll.html with more complete information on the Extensible Linking Language (XLL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language (XSL) [Formerly: 'xml-style'] Note: A separate document xsl.html with more complete information on essay the Extensible Style Language (XSL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language Proposal [September 11, 1997]. Critical Essays On Beloved By Toni! Submission to the W3C by Microsoft, Inso, and Arbortext for Extensible Style Language (XSL) based on essay DSSSL. August 27, 1997. Title: A Proposal for XSL . Reference: NOTE-XSL.html. Tesis Hukum Pidana Islam! Submitted by: Sharon Adler, Inso Corporation; Anders Berglund, Inso Corporation; James Clark; Istvan Cseri, Microsoft Corporation; Paul Grosso, ArborText; Jonathan Marsh, Microsoft Corporation; Gavin Nicol, Inso Corporation; Jean Paoli, Microsoft Corporation; David Schach, Microsoft Corporation; Henry S. Thompson, University of essay award winning Edinburgh; Chris Wilson, Microsoft Corporation.

HTML version from W3C. XSL proposal local archive copy XSL submission: the overview, and Press release from Microsoft, or press release from ArborText; local archive copy XSL submission: from Microsoft [January 23, 1998] Formation of a W3C Working Group for autobiography paper, XSL. See XSL Information from W3C (Chris Lilley) Software implementations supporting the Proposal for XSL submitted to W3C: XSLJ - Jade-compatible XSL-to-DSSSL translator from Henry Thompson msxsl - Microsoft XSL Processor, Technology Preview XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets docproc - an XML + XSL document processor from Sean Russell ECMAScript is referenced in the XSL proposal. ECMAScript: ECMA-262 JavaScript Language Specification. A general purpose scripting language (GPSL), 1997. Available as PDF, or MS Word, in Win 32 self-extracting binary. Alternately, from award ECMA Early proposal (mid-1997): Announcement from Jon Bosak for industrial application, a draft document that puts the existing DSSSL Online (dsssl-o) specification in a form that can easily be made into a Working Draft for XML Part 3. Essay Winning! Draft for discussion [Postscript].

Part 3 draft: local mirror copy [Postscript] XML FAQ Documents: Answers to cause Frequently-Asked-Questions See now the essay winning, separate document for references to SGML/XML FAQs. This document cites the earlier versions of the XML FAQ (1.5, 1.4, 1.3, 1.2, 1.1) and early translations into Japanese, Spanish, and Korean. XML Information Online: Other WWW Sites. SGML, XML, and industrial engineering application essay, Structured Document Interchange - W3C activity statement Extensible Markup Language (XML) - W3C Overview Overview of SGML and XML Resources - W3C XML at Sun Microsystems - 'Standards and technologies driving the DOT-COM world' XML Resources - James Clark - Seybold, O'Reilly, Songline. Includes an essay award, index of XML articles from Seybold Publications. XML Resources from Textuality (maintained by XML Co-editor, Tim Bray) UNC Sunsite WWW [and FTP] Server, maintained by W3C XML Chair, Jon Bosak XML Community - An Inso XML Forum XML: Some hyperlinks minus the hype. By Philip Wadler (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies). XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a magnet for hype: the successor to HTML for need writing essay, web publishing, electronic data interchange, and e-commerce.

In fact, XML is essay winning just a notation for trees, little more than a verbose variant of Lisp S-expressions; and a way to critical essays on beloved define tree grammars, a poor-man's BNF. Yet this simple basis has spawned scores of specialized sub-languages: for airlines, banks, and cell phones; for astronomy, biology, and chemistry; for the DOD and the IRS. This note is a brief guide to web resources that explain XML. XML Reference Guide - From Web Review InformationWeek XML Toolbox IBM XML Web Site XML Competence Center at essay GMD-IPSI - 'conducting active research on XML-based information systems' XML - Links from James K. Tauber's XML page XML Files - GCA's XML Magazine. Edited by critical on beloved Dianne Kennedy, published by Norm Scharpf.

Partially/provisionally online: Issues 1 (September 20, 1997) - 4(March 17, 1998). Website XML Software Guide - WDVL xmlTree - Resource listing for a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules. By James Carlyle. XML - Links from The Virtual School of Molecular Sciences (VSMS) XML Resources - Links from ArborText - XML Resources collected by Lisa Rein XML School - Jan Egil Refsnes XML/XSL Resources - from Bryan Van Hook Cafe con Leche XML News and Resources - from Elliotte Rusty Harold Content-X. Focused on the application of server-side XML. XML Adam Rifkin's Collection of essay Links XML Links - From DataChannel. Need Help Essay! Including DataChannel's XML Technology Demo Microsoft's XML Support: Overview, XML White Paper, XML Parser in Java, CDF, XML-Data. Essay Award Winning! Also: XML Object Model XML Francophone SGML Cafe (Japanese) XML Resources - Italian Language Site. Paolo De Lazzaro. Korean XML site from Techno 2000 Project Inc.

Chinese XML Now! = Chinese XML Web Site. By Toni! 'A project to help developers of Chinese XML Software.' Chinese XML Site - Open China/Open XML. Korean XML Web site Contact: Kwangmin Lee. World Wide Weave - Weave allows people to publicize new XML-based web sites and documents Weave contains only winning sites that provide content in XML-based markup. XML Information in the Document Interchange Standards Page, OII Standards and Specifications List Section on XML Software Tools in essays the SGML/XML Web Page Internet Toolkit - XML. Award! PC Magazine/ZDNet. XML: Proposed Applications and cause effect, Industry Initiatives. The XML applications and award winning, announced industry initiatives listed below have not been evaluated according to any serious criteria for quality and genuineness.

Since the various specifications documents for thesis instruction, XML/XLink/XSL are still in some flux, it would often be unfair or difficult to award winning make such a judgment. Obviously, many of these application areas provide exemplary models, having unquestioned integrity and high quality. Some already play a vital role in profitable commercial enterprise. It is also to hukum pidana islam be expected that some early XML/XLink/XSL applications may be merely demonstrations, toys, proof-of-concept applications; still others might be naive or ill conceived. It may be necessary to regard some of these ideas 'in draft' like some of the specifications documents themselves. The good news is this: Net users are seeing clearly that a fixed tag set (like HTML) is award winning not the solution. . . Contents Listing for essays morrison, XML Applications and Industry Initiatives. W3C Specifications Documentation aka 'XML Spec DTD' See now the separate document IEEE Standard DTD. [June 30, 1999] A 'TEI Lite DTD in XML' was made available from the essay award, TEI Web site. Critical On Beloved Morrison! See the references for TEI - the XML version in a separate document, and the section 'Academic Applications' for background on essay award the SGML version of the TEI DTD. Channel Definition Format, CDF (Based on XML)

Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an application of the Extensible Markup Language designed for push technology. The proposal has been submitted to cause and/or the World Wide Web Consortium. My Netscape Network (MNN) is a free Netcenter service that lets you create your own My Netscape channel. Create an essay, RDF Site Summary (RSS) 0.9 file that describes your content. See description and references in critical on beloved morrison a separate document. Note 'OCS' below. W3C Document Object Model (DOM), Level 1 Specification.

In early January 1999, a W3C Working Draft for the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Specification Version 1.0 (WD-DOM-Level-2-19981228) was released. It defines the Document Object Model Level 2, a platform- and language-neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents. The Document Object Model Level 2 builds on the Document Object Model Level 1. Level 2 adds interfaces for award, a Cascading Style Sheets object model, an industrial application, event model, and essay award winning, a query interface, amongst others. On October 1, 1998, the World Wide Web Consortium published the critical essays, Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification, Version 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. The Document Object Model is a platform- and language-neutral interface that will allow programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents. Award Winning! The document can be further processed and research, the results of that processing can be incorporated back into the presented page.

The main database entry for the W3C DOM has been moved to award winning a separate document. Web Collections are an need argumentative essay, application of XML - a meta-data syntax that fits easily within the framework of the World Wide Web. Web Collections are an application of XML, the Extensible Markup Language. In addition, Web Collections can be expressed inside HTML documents or on their own. In addition they are stylistically similar to HTML to essay winning enable easy authoring. . . Some of the anticipated applications of cause and/or essay Web Collections include Web Maps, HTML Email Threading, PIM functions, scheduling, content labeling, and distributed authoring. [work in progress] Web Collections using XML - March 09, 1997. By Alex Hopmann, with Scott Berkun, George Hatoun, Yaron Goland, Thomas Reardon, Lauren Antonoff, Eric Berman, and others. [mirror copy] Netscape Communications announced a new proposed XML application. Award! According to differentiated the notice on the Netscape Developer's page: The Meta Content Framework, or MCF, provides a standard way to describe files or collections of information. Essay! A new Netsape document describes how to apply MCF using XML, the Extensible Markup Language.

On January 5, 1998, a new (revised) submission on XML-Data was presented to the W3C by need essay Microsoft, ArborText, DataChannel, and Inso. Reference: W3C Note 05 Jan 1998. Authors: Andrew Layman, Edward Jung, Eve Maler, Henry S. Award Winning! Thompson, Jean Paoli, John Tigue, Norbert H. Mikula, and Steve DeRose. Argumentative! According to the introduction, XML-Data describes an XML vocabulary for schemas, that is, for defining and documenting object classes. It can be used for classes which as strictly syntactic (for example, XML) or those which indicate concepts and relations among concepts (as used in relational databases, KR graphs and RDF).

The former are called 'syntactic schemas;' the latter 'conceptual schemas.' The text of this NOTE thus provides a specification (XML-Data) for describing and exchanging structured and winning, networked data on the Web. Such exchange is help essay facilitated by schemas defining the characteristics of classes of essay winning objects. The objects can be syntactic constructs such as are used in XML instances, or may be more abstract such as are found in databases, information models or directed, labeled graphs. This paper describes an XML vocabulary for schemas. One immediate implication of these ideas is a substantive part of the functionalities of XML document types can now be described using the XML instance syntax itself, rather than DTD syntax. We expect XML-Data to be useful for a wide range of applications, such as describing database transfers or remotely-located Web resources. [Previous draft:] On June 22 1997, Jean Paoli announced a draft specification of an XML application called XML-Data.

The specification is documented in cause a Position Paper from essay winning Microsoft, written by Andrew Layman (Microsoft Corporation), Jean Paoli (Microsoft Corporation), Steve De Rose (Inso Corporation), and Henry S. Thompson (University of Edinburgh), with contributions from Paul Grosso, Sharon Adler, Anders Berglund, François Chahuneau, and Edward Jung. XML-Data is an application of XML for exchanging structured data and industrial engineering essay, metadata on the Internet. The paper outlines a number of XML-Data design features which are not in the MCF specification. The position paper has been sent to award multiple working groups in the W3C currently dealing with XML and meta-data. XML namespaces provide a simple method for qualifying names used in Extensible Markup Language documents by tesis hukum pidana islam associating them with namespaces identified by URI. A W3C Working Draft Namespaces in XML was published on September 16, 1998 (WD-xml-names-19980916). Description of the XML namespace work and references are provided in essay a separate document. Resource Description Framework (RDF)

The RDF section currently provides information and references for both the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification and on beloved by toni, the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification . The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) - Metadata. The Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN) and ANZLIC Working Group on Metadata created a version 1 draft DTD using SGML. The ANZMETA DTD Version 1.1 (19th January 1998) now has been written to conform to essay the requirements of XML 1.0. The Coastal Atlas Spatial Data Guidelines (ACA-STD-0001) now under development also by ERIN will use the same XML-based metadata language (e.g., metadata records for the 'Blue Pages' of the Marine and cause, Coastal Data Directory of Australia, [MCDD], which is part of the Australian Coastal Atlas). XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) - Object Management Group (OMG) The design of the XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) represents an extremely important initiative.

It has a goal of unifying XML and related W3C specifications with several object/component modeling standards, as well as with STEP schemas, and more. Particularly, it would combine the benefits of the web-based XML standard for defining, validating, and sharing document formats on essay the web with the benefits of the object-oriented Unified Modeling Language (UML), a specification of the thesis instruction, Object Management Group (OMG) that provides application developers a common language for specifying, visualizing, constructing, and documenting distributed objects and business models. Information on XMI is maintained in a separate document. Educom Instructional Management Systems Project (IMS) Metadata Specification. The IMS project has released XML-based technical specifications for how learning materials will flow over the Internet, and for how organizations and essay winning, individual learners will manage the learning process, [which] have broad support among industry and among leaders in higher education, training, government, and K-12 schools. See IMS Metadata Specification.

Fighting for Standards in our Browsers is the motto of the Web Standards Project (WSP). The Web Standards Project is a collective effort of web developers and end users whose mission is to stop the fragmentation of the web, by persuading the browser makers that common standards are in thesis differentiated instruction everyone's best interest. Its goal is to support these core standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and to encourage browser makers to award do the islam, same, thereby ensuring simple, affordable access to Web technologies for all. At the time of WSP's launch (August 10, 1998), standards for the Web included 'Structural Languages' (HTML 4.0, XML 1.0), 'Presentation Languages' (CSS, XSL), 'Object Models' (Document Object Model 1 Core HTML/XML), and 'Scripting' (ECMAScript). HTML Threading - Use of HTML in Email. On January 27, 1998, the submission of a proposal for HTML Threading: Conventions for Use of HTML in Email was made to essay winning the W3C by Microsoft Corporation, Lotus Development Corporation, and Qualcomm Corporation. Tesis Hukum Pidana! Reference: W3C NOTE 05-Jan-1998. The document editor is Eric Berman (Microsoft), and authors include Pete Resnick (Qualcomm) and Nick Shelness (Lotus). According to the press release, the HTML Threading Proposal outlines how Extensible Markup Language (XML) can be used to enable data-rich features in HTML email applications. The document abstract clarifies: As [email] messages go back and forth between participants in a discussion, it is interesting to be able to track properties of the text in the message and properties of the message itself, such as who wrote what or what message a quoted excerpt is originally from. Essay Award! This proposal defines a mechanism for embedding this information within an email message in hukum a manner that degrades gracefully to downlevel mail clients.

Appendix B of the NOTE provides some sample mail messages using the award winning, HTML Threading. Open Software Description Format (OSD) A joint submission was made to essay W3C on August 13, 1997 by Marimba Incorporated and Microsoft Corporation for a proposed Open Software Description Format (OSD). A document 'NOTE-OSD' written by Arthur van Hoff (Marimba, Incorporated), Hadi Partovi and essay award winning, Tom Thai (Microsoft Corporation) bears this abstract: This document provides an initial proposal for the Open Software Description (OSD) format. OSD, an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), is a vocabulary used for describing software packages and their dependencies for heterogeneous clients. We expect OSD to be useful in automated software distribution environments. Tesis Hukum Pidana! The proposed specification has apparently been endorsed by other companies, including CyberMedia, InstallShield Software, LANovation, Lotus Development, and Netscape Communications. [from Net.Com article] And: The goal of the OSD format is to provide an XML-based vocabulary for describing software packages and their inter-dependencies, whether it is user initiated (pulled), or automatic (pushed). XML (eXtensible Markup Language) provides a general method of representing structured data in the form of lexical trees.

Using this data model, markup tags in the OSD vocabulary are represented as elements of a tree. The three basic relationships between elements are parent-of, child-of, and sibling-of. Distant relationships can be formed from essay award recursive applications of the start, three basic ones. XLF (Extensible Log Format) Initiative. This XLF project is [2001-06] apparently no longer active, but see references in the separate document.

See also Log Markup Language (LOGML). WAP Wireless Markup Language Specification (WML) The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Wireless Markup Language (WML) is a markup language based on XML, and is intended for use in specifying content and user interface for essay award, narrowband devices, including cellular phones and pagers. . . 'A tag-based display language providing navigational support, data input, hyperlinks, text and image presentation, and forms. Cause! A browsing language similar to Internet HTML.' HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol (DRP) On August 25, 1997 a submission entitled The HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol was tendered to the W3C by representatives of Marimba Inc., Netscape Communications Inc., Sun Microsystems Inc., Novell Inc., and At Home Corporation. The goal of the DRP protocol is to significantly improve the efficiency and reliability of data distribution over HTTP. . . The DRP protocol uses a data structure called an essay, index, which is currently specified using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Start Autobiography Research Paper! Because the index describes meta data, we anticipate using the essay award winning, Resource Description Format RDF), which was formerly called the Meta Content Framework (MCF), in a future versions of the DRP protocol specification. XML is cause and/or used in the interim because the essay, RDF standard was not finalized at the time of writing. . Cause Essay! . The DRP defines the following new features: (1) Content identifiers, using the essay, existing URI specification, which can uniquely identify a piece of differentiated content; (2) An index format which can be used to describe a set of files; (3) A new HTTP header field, Content-ID, which is used to obtain the correct version of a file by specifying a content identifier; (4) A new HTTP header field, Differential-ID, which is winning used to obtain a differential update for and/or effect essay, a file. The Chemical Markup Language was documented (July 1998) as an application of XML and was demonstrated at WWW6 with the Jumbo Java-based browser for XML documents. One of the essay award winning, first interesting XML appliations.

See the separate document for references: Chemical Markup Language (CML). Bioinformatic Sequence Markup Language (BSML) Description and need writing argumentative, references for the Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG) project are contained in essay winning a separate document Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG). Weather Observation Markup Format (OMF) The Weather Observation Markup Format [or: Weather Observation Definition Format] is an application of argumentative essay XML used to encode weather observation reports.

The goal of the essay winning, OMF system is to annotate and start, augment standard weather reports with derived, computed quantities, and to award re-cast the essential information in a markup format that is hukum pidana islam easier to interpret, yet completely accurate. The data formats typically used in weather reports (FM 15-X Ext. Winning! METAR, FM 16-X Ext. SPECI, FM 51-X Ext. TAF, etc. Thesis! [constituting] KAWN, WMO feeds . . .) are both incomplete and suboptimal for some processing objectives. Award! According to tesis islam a summary from one of essay winning OMF's designers, the thesis differentiated instruction, OMF application thus uses XML for annotating weather observation reports, forecasts and advisories as issued by Weather Meteorological Organization (WMO), the National Weather Center and Air Force Global Weather Center.

Currently, METAR/SPECI observational reports, Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) and SIGMET significant weather aircraft advisories are being analyzed and marked up. The incoming source of data are raw bulletins distributed by KAWN/ADWS or National Weather Service'sGateways. The bulletins are parsed, reports are decoded and essay, stored into autobiography paper a database, which can then be queried. The results of the essay award, queries are XML-formatted into OMF documents. It is always possible to critical essays on beloved morrison reconstruct original reports by stripping away the XML markup. Essay! The designers are also working on adding other types of critical essays on beloved morrison reports - Upper Air reports, regional SIGMETs, AIRMETS, Bathythermographs, PIREPS, etc. The markup system is in actual use to distribute the most current annotated weather observations, forecasts and essay award winning, advisories; the Navy's Joint Metoc Viewer is one application that can ingest OMF documents and display the corresponding data. References for Open Financial Exchange (OFX) are provided in a separate document. Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) Information on the Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) is provided in a separate document.

The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an interoperable framework for Internet commerce. It is payment system independent and encapsulates payment systems such as SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash, GeldKarte, etc. Differentiated Instruction! OTP is able to handle cases where such merchant roles as the shopping site, the payment handler, the Delivery Handler of goods or services, and the provider of customer support are performed by different parties or by essay winning one party. OTP Messages are XML documents which are physically sent between the different organisations that are taking part in a trade. Information on research the [Internet] Open Trading Protocol (OTP) is contained in a separate document. XML Digital Signature (Signed XML - IETF/W3C) The XML-Signature WG is a joint Working Group of the IETF and W3C. References are provided in a separate document.

Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative. Information on the Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative and the Digital Receipt Consortium is referenced in a separate document. A Network Working Group INTERNET-DRAFT by Hiroshi Maruyama, Kent Tamura, and Naohiko Uramoto (IBM) addresses how digest (hash) values should be defined for general DOM structures. The document is intended to become a Proposed Standard RFC. Compare 'XHASH'. Digest Values for DOM (DOMHASH) draft-hiroshi-dom-hash-00.txt, January 1999 Local archive copy Similarly: 'XHASH' - XML canonical digest algorithm proposed by GlobeSet and documented in the XHASH proposal.

This algorithm has been inspired by the DOM-HASH proposal, but operates closer to the surface string of the document. Elements and attributes are subject to formalization in a way quite similar to the one proposed by DOM-HASH - XML delimiters are represented by binary values and essay award winning, entities are replaced by their actual values. However, formalization happens as elements are acquired. Furthermore, this algorithm has been tailored for explicit support of the XML Namespaces and cause effect essay, it takes into account some specifics of this specification ( e.g. , dsig:eval attribute). Award! See also: Digital Signatures for XML. By Richard D. Brown (GlobeSet, Inc.).

January 1999. Cause And/or! A syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of XML digital signatures is specified. [local archive copy] See also (earlier): Digital Signatures for XML. From the IETF TRADE Working Group. Richard D. Brown, GlobeSet, Inc. November 1998. - The objective of this document is to propose syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of digital signatures applicable to general XML documents. [local archive copy] Signed Document Markup Language (SDML) Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS)

The BIPS specification includes a protocol for award winning, sending payment instructions to banks safely over the Internet and a payment server architecture for processing those payment instructions. On August 24, 1998, a specification for the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) was published: Bank Internet Payment System Specification Version 1.0. Public Review Draft, August 24, 1998 . Appendix G of the autobiography, specification supplies the 'XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD)'. BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and essay, interpreted by freely available XML parsers. Hukum! The Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) is a project of The Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC). FSTC is a not-for-profit organization whose goal is to enhance the competitiveness of the United States financial services industry; members of the consortium include banks, financial services providers, research laboratories, universities, technology companies, and government agencies.

Details: Network Payment Protocol (NPP): BIPS requirements result in a set of functions that must be carried out in the client software. In order to ensure that the client software interfaces with the payment processing systems at each bank in a standard manner, the NPP has been defined and is described in essay winning this chapter. The NPP is a non-proprietary standard that will ensure that any BIPS-enabled client software can initiate BIPS payment instructions. The BIPS model is shown in Figure 4.1. All BIPS messages conform to the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) XML specification. NPP Message Specification, Message Formatting, and Data Encoding: NPP messages will be specified and formatted according to standards described in the XML Version 1.0 specification.

XML is essays on beloved a simplified subset of the Standard Generalized Markup Language [SGML, International Standards Organization (ISO) 8879]. XML provides a standard format to essay award describe different types of data so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and differentiated, correctly. XML also provides a file format for representing data, a schema for describing data structure, and essay award winning, a mechanism for extending and annotating Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) with semantic information. NPP-specific messages are documented in Appendix G, along with the BIPS DTD. Some characteristics of need help writing NPP messages are: 1) all messages are in XML; 2) all messages start with a BIPS XML header; 3) all fields are self-identifying; 4) all messages are signed; 5) all messages include the originator's certificate; 6) all request messages include a user-supplied transaction number; 7) all response messages include the signature of the user on the original request, and 8) all response messages include both a bank-supplied transaction number and the user-supplied transaction number. Essay Award! BIPS messages contain blocks that describe the request or response (a block is an XML element or conglomerate of elements).

Each BIPS message begins with an XML header that includes the and/or, XML version number, document type, a reference to the BIPS DTD file, and the BIPS version number. A sample BIPS message is shown in Appendix G. FSTC Home Page Financial Services Technology Consortium BIPS Main Page [August 24, 1998] FSTC Publishes the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) Specification. - FSTC announced today that its Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) specification has been released for public review and essay, comment. . . BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. Download BIPS Specification [local archive copy, 980824] XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD), from the spec 980824. smartX ['SmartCard'] Markup Language (SML) The goal of essay SML (smartX Markup Language) is to enable automation of winning all interactions with XML documents providing general methods to represent a set of smart device functions. XML supports the creation of marker content that preserves data structure and start, promises web documents to be machine-readable. The SML is an implementation of essay winning XML for the smart card industry. SML also brings to the smart device applications many IDL features that have been implemented in distributed computed and transaction processings.smartX defines a complete framework that encapsulates the development of both the smart card and terminal application. Paper! By separating the application process from the award, application protocol that is card-specific, smartX makes possible to port quickly an application to a new smart card. The innovation of smartX technology relies on a strong description of the smart device data and attached processes.

The semantics and grammar of the description do not equate a programming language with arithmetic and conditions. On the contrary, the data and tesis hukum islam, protocol description is built upon the familiar foundations of the smart card industry, which simplifies programming for essay award winning, the developer. smartX introduces a new description language to describe the application protocol: SML (Smart Markup Language) that implements the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for the smart card industry. OpenMLS and RELML - Real Estate DTD Design. Information on OpenMLS and RELML (Real Estate Listing Markup Language) is provided in a separate document. Founded in 1992, the effect essay, Customer Support Consortium is a group of over 70 leading technology companies who work together to significantly improve customer support by developing innovative new strategies, standards, and essay winning, programs. Its mission is to develop ways to leverage and share knowledge within and among support organizations. The development of open exchange standards is one of the three principal consortium initiatives.

A subgroup is need help writing essay developing a set of essay award mappings from standards specifications to pidana XML. XML for the Automotive Industry - SAE J2008. In response to essay requirements from the 1990 US Clean Air Act, The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has adopted a number of standards under the 'SAE J2008' family of standards designed to essay provide easy access to emission-related automotive service information. At the essay, heart of cause effect this SGML standard is award a relational Data Model for help writing, Automotive Service Information rather than any particular document model. Essay Award! The SGML definition set forth within J2008 provides a hierarchical representation of the Data Model. Differentiated! In addition, this standard provides models for common text constructs such as tables, paragraphs, lists, and procedures which are found within automotive service information. Recently, as explained by Dianne Kennedy in the presentation XML and the Automotive Industry (XML the Conference 98, Seattle 1998), effort has been made to convert the SGML DTD into winning a version compatible with XML. The current chairperson of the SAE J2008 Working Group is Dianne Kennedy, founder and principal consultant for XMLXperts. [adapted from Dianne Kennedy's overview] [March 09, 1999] A communiqué from Dianne Kennedy reported on recent efforts by the DTD Working Group for SAE J2008. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2008 DTD Working Group met on March 3, 1999 in Detroit.

Among the work items was the development of an official XML version of the SAE J2008 DTD for posting automotive service information on the Web. The XML version of the DTD can be found at XMLXperts Web site along with a description of engineering application essay how the XML version was created and sample data with a CSS style sheet as a prototype for Web viewing. X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. [May 04, 1998] On May 4, 1998, an announcement was issued by DataChannel and essay award winning, OASIS concerning X-ACT: DataChannel Transfers X-ACT Council to OASIS. XML Market Receives Enhanced Services Through Vendor-Neutral Management of Leading Industry Council.

According to the press release, OASIS, the autobiography paper, Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (formerly SGML Open), announced today that it will take the helm of the XML Active Content Technologies Council (X-ACT) to provide vendor-neutral management and enhanced industry services. A press release was issued on winning March 4, 1998 announcing the tesis islam, formation of a new industry technology council, X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. X-ACT is an industry council formed to award provide a communications venue for pidana islam, corporations working to award winning develop real-world XML-based solutions to meet today's business needs, increase awareness about Active Content Technologies and their benefits, and maintain an index to Active Content software. Aligned with all standards bodies, X-ACT specifically focuses on promoting the tesis pidana islam, usage and adoption of essay XML in real-world applications. . . Active Content represents all the possible forms of engineering application essay XML as documents, data and meta-data, and the new class of information systems that will allow data or objects to essay award winning be re-used and re-purposed by any application. The new industry group recognizes that XML, a groundbreaking new technology, will spawn a new class of computer applications and cause and/or, transactions (Active Content Technologies) that will enable active content at all levels of essay winning networked computing (Desktop, Server, Internet, Intranet, Extranet, VPNs, LANs, WANs). The eighteen (18) members include, to start autobiography date: Allaire, Andersen Consulting, Arbor Text, BTG, DataChannel, Daylight Software, Informix, Inso, NexGen SI, OmniMark Technologies, Online Computing Library Center, PLATINUM Technology Solutions, Poet Software, NC Focus, Sybase, Thomson Corporation, Wall Data and WebMethods. Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) The Mathematical Markup Language (W3C Working Draft) is a specification which defines the Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and content.

The goal of essay MathML is to enable mathematics to argumentative essay be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text. The document begins with background information on mathematical notation, the problems it poses, and winning, the philosophy underlying the solutions MathML proposes. MathML can be used to encode both mathematical notation and mathematical content. About 25 of the on beloved morrison, MathML tags describe abstract notational structures, while another 75 provide a way of unambiguously specifying the intended meaning of an award winning, expression. Argumentative Essay! Additional chapters discuss how the MathML content and essay, presentation elements interact, and how MathML renderers might be implemented and should interact with browsers. Finally, the application essay, document addresses the issue of MathML entities (extended characters) and their relation to fonts.

[February 24, 1998] MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by award W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. Editors: Patrick Ion and Robert Miner. Engineering Application! Reference: PR-math-19980224. Abstract: MathML is a low-level syntax for representing structured data such as mathematics in machine-to-machine communication over the Web, providing a much-needed solution for including mathematical expressions over the Web. In developing MathML, the goal was to define an XML-compliant markup language that describes the content and presentation of mathematical expressions. Essay Award Winning! This was achieved with MathML. As an effective way to writing essay include mathematical expressions in Web documents, MathML gives control over the presentation and the meaning of essay award winning such expressions. It does this by providing two sets of markup tags: one set presents the essays on beloved by toni morrison, notation of mathematical data in essay award winning markup format, and the other set relays the semantic meaning of mathematical expressions, enabling complex mathematical and scientific notation to be encoded in industrial application essay an explicit way. As an XML application, MathML capitalizes on essay XML features and benefits from the wide support of XML.

Unlike HTML which was intended as a markup language for hukum pidana, use by people, MathML is award winning intended to be used by machines, facilitating the searching and indexing of industrial engineering essay mathematical and scientific information. Software tools that work with MathML render MathML into essay award formatted equations, enabling users to edit mathematical equations much as one might edit HTML text. Several early versions of such MathML tools already exist, and start autobiography, a number of others, both freely available software and essay, commercial products, are under development. See the by toni, press release. Links: [April 07, 1998] Announcement for MathML as a W3C Recommendation Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) specification as Recommendation - REC-MathML-19980407, W3C Recommendation 07-April-1998. [local archive copy, .ZIP] Fact Sheet - for MathML as W3C Recommendation Testimonials - for MathML as W3C Recommendation MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. February 24, 1998. Mathematical Markup Language - W3C Working Draft. Essay Award! January 06, 1998. WD-math-980106. MathML DTD (Working Draft 6-Jan-98); [local archive copy] Syntax highlighted version of the MathML DTD (Pankaj Kamthan) 'Htpertext' version of MathML DTD (dtd2html) [June 25, 1998] Mathematics On the Web.

By Rockford J. Ross [Computer Science Department, Montana State University]. In ACM SIGACT NEWS Volume 29, Number 2 (June 1998) [Education Forum], pages 33-41. Review of MathML from the ACM Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory. See: Mathematical Markup Language (XML) - Main entry [August 14, 1998] Note from Eitan Gurari: work done to configure TeX4ht for XML and cause effect, MathML. See: gurari/temp/xml/ml.html; [local archive copy] Also, the collected documentation. MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML. (David Carlisle) MathML in Mozilla (Roger B. Sidje, David Fiddes, P. S. Essay Award! Karthikeyan).

The priority of the project will be to provide a compact and fast engine that will process MathML and industrial engineering, enable Gecko to render mathematical expressions. Another goal is to essay winning provide a WYSIWYG interface to MathML. This will be a graphical equation editor with an internal representation in standard MathML text. TtHMML, a TeX to MathML translator. See Try out engineering essay, TtHMML. NB: 'You need a browser such as Amaya, with MathML support, to essay see equations.' See: OpenMath Standard. PICS-NG Metadata Model and Label Syntax (W3C WD-pics-ng-metadata-970514.html), with Appendix A: Correspondence to autobiography research paper the XML Web Collection Proposal.

One proposal for the metadata syntax is XML: the Extensible Markup Language . Award! . .is attractive because of its political appeal and the fact that it may find other uses in the Internet arena. The full definition of an XML syntax for PICS-NG will be included in a future version of this document. Effect Essay! [mirror copy] CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) attempts to winning address a problem faced by both users and vendors of Visual Modeling tools and Computer Aided Software and Systems Engineering (CASE) tools: interoperability. Users need to be able to move information from one CASE tool to tesis hukum another in order to develop systems efficiently. They need to move information from a tool to a repository and back.

They need to exchange data between repositories. CDIF is a Family of essay Standards that lays out a single architecture for exchanging information between modelling tools, and between repositories, and defines the interfaces of the components to essays morrison implement this architecture. CDIF has been defined by the CDIF Division of the EIA, an industry standards committee. Winning! CDIF is also being standardized at an international level through ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7/WG11. Many of the major modeling, CASE and repository vendors, and some large user organizations have pooled their expertise and help writing argumentative essay, resources to develop this Family of Standards. Currently, the CDIF Family of Standards has 10 standards as members and more will be added in essay award the future. Critical Essays On Beloved By Toni! The CDIF standards development process is open-ended, and driven by the interests of the CDIF member organizations. Any organization can become a CDIF member and thus influence current and future CDIF work.

The CDIF Technical Committee is preparing a specification called the CDIF XML-based Transfer Format . Essay Winning! The Working Group Chair is Woody Pidcock (Boeing Company) and the standards draft editor is Johannes Ernst (Aviatis Corporation). A June 1998 draft (CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998) edited by Johannes Ernst outlines the industrial engineering application, ongoing work of the CDIF Technical Committee on the transfer format. The CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) family of Standards is primarily designed to be used as a description of a mechanism for transferring information between CASE tools. It facilitates a successful transfer when the authors of the importing and exporting tools have nothing in common except an agreement to conform to CDIF. The language that is defined for the Transfer Format also has applicability as a general language for Import/Export from repositories. The CDIF Integrated Meta-model also has applicability as the basis of standard definitions for award, use in repositories. The XML-based CDIF Syntax which allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard is thesis differentiated instruction being provided in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and ENCODING.1. In the version 3 draft document, (Section 5.2 of the Transfer Format Overview), the relationship of the CDIF Transfer Format to winning XML is autobiography paper explained: The primary application of the XML standards is document markup. Compared to the HTML document type definition, XML-based document type definitions allow for winning, a more strict definition of the content and content structure.

On the other hand, the exchange of tesis pidana modeling information according to the CDIF architecture requires an even stricter set of rules to be followed than even in essay award a strict application of XML. This has two consequences: (a) any CDIF Transfer file employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format is also a legal XML file; (b) the differentiated instruction, rules to be followed by files employing the essay, XML-based CDIF Transfer Format cannot be fully captured in an XML DTD alone; instead, this standard defines rules that are mandatory for such an XML-based CDIF Transfer beyond those defined in the DTD. As an example for cause essay, the latter, consider the rich set of data types for meta-attributes and meta-meta-attributes required to exchange modeling information, and compare them to the significantly smaller set of data types provided by XML. When exchanging models with the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format that employ any of the richer data types, additional rules have to essay award be obeyed. CDIF Man Page Introduction to CDIF. July 1998. By Johannes Ernst, Aviatis Corporation.

Draft 3 of autobiography paper XML-based CDIF Transfer Format. The XML-based CDIF Syntax allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard. This is in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and winning, ENCODING.1. XML-based CDIF Transfer Format DTD -- DRAFT 3 [local archive copy] CDIF XML-Based Transfer Format. Draft 'standard' version 3. CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998. [local archive copy, 980622] Draft version 2. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) On April 03, 1998, a submission was made to the World Wide Web Consortium concerning a proposed Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) . References: W3C NOTE-PGML-19980410, World Wide Web Consortium Note 10-April-1998, URL The W3C NOTE was submitted by representatives of Adobe Systems Incorporated, International Business Machines Corporation, Netscape Communications Corporation, and Sun Microsystems, Inc. The abstract: This document is the specification for the Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML).

PGML is start autobiography a 2D scalable graphics language designed to meet both the simple vector graphics needs of essay casual users and the precision needs of graphics artists. PGML uses the critical essays on beloved, imaging model common to the PostScript(R) language and Portable Document Format (PDF); it also contains additional features to satisfy the needs of Web applications. The NOTE is characterized as a working document. It is not meant to be a complete definition for PGML. Many sections have been left open or have been labeled Ideas for Consideration so that the award, working group can develop the on beloved, strongest possible language specification and ensure that it is award winning fully compatible with other W3C standards efforts. Among the 'Design Principles': PGML should be an thesis, XML application and the imaging model is an instance of the RDF data model. . . PGML should be compatible with and fully leverage all related W3C standards efforts. . .in particular, PGML will be an application of XML. . Award! .[provision for ] exporting the imaging model to the DOM.

A W3C 'Comment on PGML Submission' asserts: PGML is expressed in XML, which allows PGML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained. A sample from Appendix B (minus the pretty-printing): ?XML version=1.0?!DOCTYPE PGML SYSTEM pgml1.0.dtdpgml boundingbox=0 0 300 300path fill=1 fillcolor=100 0 0moveto x=100 y=100/lineto x=200/lineto y=200/lineto x=100/lineto y=100//path/pgml . See the (extracted) Document Type Definition for the Precision Graphics Markup Language, PGML from critical on beloved by toni Appendix D of the document. On May 28, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission for a proposed Vector Markup Language (VML) from Autodesk Inc., Hewlett-Packard Company, Macromedia, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, and Visio Corporation. References: NOTE-VML-19980513, World Wide Web Consortium Note 13-May-1998. The submission defines the Vector Markup Language (VML), which is an application of Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 which defines a format for the encoding of vector information together with additional markup to describe how that information may be displayed and edited. According to the Introduction in the NOTE, The Vector Markup Language (VML) supports the markup of essay vector graphic information in thesis differentiated the same way that HTML supports the markup of textual information. Within VML the content is composed of paths described using connected lines and curves.

The markup gives semantic and presentation information for the paths. VML is written using the syntax of XML just as HTML is written using the essay award winning, syntax of SGML (the Standard Generalized Markup Language, [ISO 8879]) - XML is a restricted form of SGML. VML uses Cascading Style Sheets, Level 2 in the same way as HTML to determine the layout of the need help argumentative essay, vector graphics which it contains. Essay Award Winning! Normative references cited in the NOTE include HTML 4.0, CSS1/2, XML 1.0, XML Namespaces, XLink, IEC 61966-2, PNG, and ISO 10918-1 (JPEG); VML is said to industrial engineering essay be based on well-established vector graphical techniques. From the W3C Comment on the VML Submission: VML is expressed in XML, which allows VML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained. The submitters have clearly given thought to style sheet binding, to the necessary stylistic differences between editors and viewers, and to containment in HTML; they have also taken care to essay award winning address the need help writing argumentative, points in the W3C Requirements document.

WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web. On May 12, 1998, the W3C acknowledged a WebBroker submission from DataChannel. DataChannel, Inc. had submitted a proposed specification to the W3C for WebBrokering, governing 'Distributed Object Communication on the Web.' WebBroker, which falls under the W3C HTTP-NG Activity, represents an attempt at unifying interface technology used in existing distributed object systems like CORBA, DCOM, and RMI but is based on XML, HTTP/1.1 and traditional CGI technology for easier integration into the existing Web model. The submission is essay winning composed of five separate documents: WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web (NOTE-webbroker-19980511, authored by John Tigue and start, Jon Lavinder) ObjectMethodMessages DTD AnonymousData DTD TerseAnonymousData DTD InterfaceDef DTD. The abstract: This document provides a specification (WebBroker document type definitions, or WebBroker DTDs) for describing and exchanging structured messages between software components on the Web. Such exchange is facilitated by the DTDs which describe the essay, structure of the messages (method requests and method responses) and which also describe the interfaces of the pidana islam, software components themselves.

The AnonymousData DTD describes a simple way of expressing the data type of essay structures which works within XML 1.0 and industrial engineering application essay, is designed to essay award winning work with XML-Data. Need Argumentative Essay! The ObjectMethodMessages DTD describes how to represent, in XML documents, the serialized messages between software components. ObjectMethodMessages uses the AnonymousData DTD and is modeled after DCE RPC Request and Response PDUs. The InterfaceDef DTD describes software component interfaces much like CORBA IDL and Microsoft IDL. One immediate implication of these ideas is that there can now be a unified Web publishing and traditional client/server programming model which work over HTTP 1.1. We expect the winning, WebBroker DTDs to be useful for application, enabling many organizations to implement a mature yet simple and easy to reproduce model of essay award winning distributed computing on the Web.

Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) The Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) consists of six XML-compliant HTML extenders that define a universal schema for HTML documents based on the Document Object Model (DOM) as it is being defined by the World Wide Web Consortium. Submission of a specification for the Web Interface Definition Language [WIDL] to W3C by webMethods, Inc. According to engineering application essay the abstract, the document provides the specification for the Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL), a metalanguage that implements a service-based architecture over the document-based resources of the World Wide Web. WIDL is an essay winning, application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML); it allows interactions with Web servers to be defined as functional interfaces that can be accessed by tesis remote systems over standard Web protocols, and essay award winning, provides the thesis, structure necessary for generating client code in languages such as Java, C/C++, COBOL, and Visual Basic. Essay! WIDL enables a practical and cost-effective means for diverse systems to be rapidly integrated across corporate intranets, extranets, and instruction, the Internet. Short Take: WIDL submitted to W3C as standard. By Tim Clark. CNET , October 13, 1997, 2:15 p.m. PT. [August 29, 1997] Announcement from webMethods Inc. that the essay, core of its Web Automation technology has been built around the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). webMethods' Web Automation product suite now uses XML to engineering application define automated access to Web data and services, and winning, can be used against existing HTML or new XML-based Web resources. . . Tesis Hukum Pidana! Web Automation technology is based on webMethods' Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) 2.0, an XML application that defines Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to Web data and award winning, services. [local archive copy] WIDL Description See also: Building Blocks: Turning the industrial engineering essay, Web Into a Data Source, by Leslie Marable. From Web Week , Volume 3, Issue 11, April 21, 1997. Winning! [mirror copy] [March 04, 1998] Free Web Automation Toolkit for XML HTML - from webMethods Inc.

Submission - local archive copies. XML and EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). EDI works by need argumentative essay providing a collection of standard message formats and element dictionary in a simple way for businesses to essay exchange data via any electronic messaging service. . . XML/EDI provides a standard format to describe different types of data -- for example, a loan application, an industrial engineering, invoice, healthcare claim, project status -- so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and displayed consistently and correctly by implementing EDI dictionaries. Winning! Thus by combining XML and EDI we create a new powerful paradigm! (Dubbed by the designers as An idea almost as good as peanutbutter and chocolate!) In March 1998, the XML-EDI Group become an organization of the Graphic Communications Association Research Institute (GCARI). GCARI, an affiliate of tesis pidana Graphic Communications Association (GCA) in Alexandria, Va.

GCA is winning a technical management association in the publishing and printing industries that has supported XML since its creation. XML/EDI Overview Main XML/EDI Page for the XML/EDI Group -- an ad hoc group of professionals and volunteers in various industries. Redix XML/EDI Authoring Tool - The XML/EDI Authoring Tool gives you ability to define your own interface between your application software and XML formats, regardless of whether your application format is EDI based or proprietary. Help Writing Argumentative! Several examples are provided in this tool. These include X12, EDIFACT, HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of award winning 1996), Oracle ERP, and SAP. We also provide a tutorial that guides you through the differentiated, steps to interface with the XML/EDI Authoring Tool. Essay Award Winning! Another XML/EDI Home Page XML/EDI Frameworks - The Executive Summary Guidelines for industrial engineering application essay, Using XML for Electronic Data Interchange, edited by Martin Bryan. Contributors: Members of the XML/EDI working group, including Benoít Marchal, Norbert H. Mikula, Bruce Peat, and David R. R. Webber. Version 0.04, 23rd December 1997. [local archive copy, version 0.04]; [archive copy, version 0.02] The Role of essay award winning Document Type Definitions in Electronic Data Interchange. By Martin Bryan.

Internet Explorer 5.0 XML/EDI Demonstration using Intelligent XSL Stylesheets. By Martin Bryan. Guidelines for using XML for Electronic Data Interchange [variant of preceding document] Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, by Martin Bryan. [archive copy] EDI and XML time for a dual approach?, by Bruce Peat; [archive copy] Advantages of including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) entities with eXtensible Markup Language (XML), by autobiography research paper Bruce Peat with XML assistance from Richard Light. [archive copy] Using XML for Electronic Commerce, by Martin Bryan Electronic commerce topic page Contact form [August 29, 1997] Accelerating Electronic Commerce: Making EDI Accessible with XML, by Mary Fletcher Laplante (Director, Document Software Strategies Group, CAP Ventures). Award! Published in Document Software Strategies Analysis 2/29 (August 15, 1997); [local archive copy] [February 02, 1998] XML/EDI XML/XSL Example - Fill-In-Form (Betty Harvey) A form developed as a test scenario for ordering product and creating an XML/EDI message. [March 11, 1998] XML-EDI Group Becomes a GCARI Organization. GCARI: Graphic Communications Association Research Institute, and affiliate of the Graphic Communications Association (GCA). [local archive copy]

According to a press release of July 27, 1998, the objectives of the working group are to: 1) Develop draft standards on repositories for submission to engineering essay the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Object Management Group (OMG), and UN/EDIFACT working groups; 2) Establish a formal working group to coordinate proposal development; 3) Provide a technical forum for individuals involved in repository development to participate; 4) Offer links among disciplines and standards such as W3C's XML, as well as OMG's UML (Unified Modeling Language) and MOF (Meta-Object Facility); 5) Provide a means for vendors who have announced products based on open standards on this topic to offer their ideas. The first draft is anticipated for an availability date of September 30, 1998. Winning! For the start autobiography paper, purposes of this discussion group, the term EDI shall include business-to-business, business-to-consumer, and consumer-to-business exchanges of XML formatted and structured data or information. Home Page [July 27, 1998] Press release: New XML Electronic Commerce Repository Proposal Announced. Adapted from the press release in RTF format Announcement - Press release from GCA Project Overview and Focus [local archive copy] Project Goal, Objectives, and Discussion Topics; [local archive copy] Press releases Position Statement on Global Repositories for XML. - By The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.98, July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: Betty Harvey, Denis Hill, Ron Schuldt, Martin Bryan, Will Thayer, Dick Raman and David Webber. The XML/EDI Guidelines identify the need for effective use of Global Repositories and document structure grammars. This paper discusses the implementation of such technologies and the bringing together of related ongoing efforts in this field.

See also Preliminary Findings and essay award winning, Recommendations on the Representation of X12 Data Elements and need argumentative, Structures in XML X12C Ad Hoc Task Group on essay winning the use of XML with X12 EDI. DRAFT Version 0.03a, July 31, 1998. Editors: Bob Crowley, Rik Drummond, David Webber, Christine Pellar-Kosbar. Contributors: Denis Hill, Ken Steel, Mike Rawlins, Dan Codman, John Hathaway, Martin Bryan, Robert Miller, Betty Harvey, William Kammerer, John Kevlin. UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-Edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. The XML/EDI Group. Start Autobiography Paper! Version: 0.92. Winning! July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: David Webber, Klaus-Dieter Naujok. The international EDI community has developed OO-edi over the past three years as an implementation neutral framework for the future architecture of EDI.

XML/EDI has emerged over the last twelve months as the implementation and deployment method of choice for next generation of electronic business facilitation via the Internet. Start! This paper shows how these two technologies are completely compatible and strongly complimentary. XML/EDI emerges as the implementation method of choice for FVS (Functional Service View) of Open-edi, and winning, Open-edi BOV (Business Operational View) provides the means to underpin the physical implementation methods of XML/EDI with design, process and logic verification to ensure robust and efficient systems development and architectures. Two representation methods provide the link between the start paper, two: Universal Model Language (UML), and Extensible Markup Language (XML). UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. Essay Award! From the XML/EDI Group. Need Argumentative! July 1998. [local archive copy] The European XML/EDI Pilot Project is winning being run as part of the Information Society Standardization System within the European Committee for argumentative, Standardization (CEN/ISSS) open workshop on Electronic Commerce. [The objective of the project is] to test the applicability of XML for interchanging data, between SMEs and their business partners, of the type currently exchanged using EDI messages. The project will build on the findings of existing and proposed European initiatives on the use of essay award XML for EDI data interchange.

The EEMA EDI Work Group would like to propose to CEFACT the establishment of a Global Repository for the translation of start research XML tags in UN/EDIFACT and human language on the Internet. The EEMA EDI Working Group is essay award winning prepared to need help essay assist in the set up and essay award, operation of such a repository, which could be crucial in writing argumentative the advancement of the use of EDI over the Internet. Essay Award! . . . When the fusion between ANSI X12, EDIFACT and all other EDI standards takes place in a proper way it should be under the auspices of the UN so it is and/or effect global, public domain, open and available for essay award winning, anyone. Today this is not the case with the ANSI standards and many other EDI standards that are only available at thesis instruction considerable cost. Of course today the essay winning, EDIFACT standard is already in the public domain and application essay, can easily be obtained through the essay award, Internet. . . .there could be a relatively easy fusion between EDIFACT and differentiated, ANSI X12. Essentially every data-element one can find in award ANSI or in EDIFACT could be placed inside the XML/EDI file.

What would be required is to set up a repository in which the tags for the XML files are listed with the industrial engineering application, corresponding EDIFACT data-element number, the winning, corresponding ANSI X12 element number, and a description. . . Start! By setting up one global repository on the Internet, CEFACT can assume responsibility for the creation of award new tags based on cause effect essay a corresponding EDIFACT data-element number and the standard description, while other organizations can assume responsibility for a language code or the corresponding element number in different standards. Even if XML/EDI is not the ultimate solution, a global repository would be extremely useful for conventional EDI and other forms of EC, because it would provide an independent Data Dictionary which could be used by applications. As of Fall 1999, there was a proliferating activity of X12-XML initiatives [which] reflects the essential foundation the X12 standard provides to essay award winning a multitude of application emerging e-commerce technologies. Essay! See the separate document. Information and essay, Content Exchange (ICE) On October 26, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission from Adobe Systems Incorporated, CNET Incorporated, Microsoft Corporation, Sun Microsystems Inc., and essay winning, Vignette Corporation, in the form of essays by toni morrison a NOTE: The Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol. Other information on the Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol is provided in essay award winning a separate document. In an announcement made today by Patrick Gannon, Executive Director of cause effect essay CommerceNet's Information Access Portfolio, at the XML Developers' Day program being held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, CommerceNet gave its full support to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) development of the Working Draft Requirements for the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and essay winning, launched its international industry initiative to demonstrate commercial viability of XML in Internet Commerce. The CommerceNet initiative is designed to close the cause and/or, time gap between the development of industry standards and essay, implementation of engineering essay open, interoperable applications in the electronic commerce arena.

The multifaceted program involves development of examples, demonstrations and a showcase of award member applications. The goal is to essays by toni accelerate the adoption of essay XML as a key technology for the realization of efficient Internet Commerce. . . Application! The CommerceNet program is made up of three strategic projects: (1) XML Catalogs DTDs; (2) iMarkets; (3) XML/EDI. RosettaNet is a global business consortium creating the electronic commerce framework to align processes in the IT supply chain. Award! See the independent document for references. IETF Internet Draft draft-kristensen-xml-map-00.txt. By Anders Kristensen.

Hewlett-Packard Laboratories. This document proposes an XML encoding for instruction, sets of named values. The primary application is as a transmission format for form values being submitted to a processing agent over the Web. The main advantage over other form value encodings is that it allows field names to award winning be associated with structured values without resorting to non-XML encodings. The multipart/related MIME type is used for carrying non-XML media. Capability Card: An Attribute Certificate in tesis pidana XML. This IETF INTERNET DRAFT for a 'Capability Card' describes basic ideas and data components of essay award winning 'Capability Card,' which is a kind of thesis differentiated instruction attribute certificates designed from the standpoint of a secure communication framework on the Internet. Similar to the SPKI certificates, a capability card can be used to grant a person particular access privileges to resources like WWW pages, IRC channels, and message boxes. In addition, it can carry a variety of descriptive information about the issuer, the resources, and the privileges specified in it. A capability card is written in XML, which is becoming a standard format rapidly for the internet data exchange.

Consequently, users can handle various information in capability cards visually with an XML viewer. Award Winning! This is start paper a fairly desirable feature for the existing internet services. In this document, following the motivation and the basic concepts, the elements of XML DTD of capability cards are described. Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TCIF/IPI) The recent revision of the TIM DTD toward version 2 has been motivated, in part, by award winning a desire of the subcommittee to make this news industry DTD XML compliant.

Information Products Interchange (IPI) is a working committee of the Telecommunications Industry Forum. Start Research! IPI was established to essay award winning select standards and industrial essay, guidelines capable of allowing the interchange of a variety of information products for essay winning, the telecommunications industry . Industrial Engineering Application! . . Most of the IPI Committee's published work has to do with the Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TIM, an essay, SGML DTD) and the Telecommunications Electronic Document Delivery Package (TEDD). The TIM Document Type Definition (DTD) is a specification for critical essays on beloved by toni morrison, describing the structure of telecommunications and other technical documents . Essay! . . based largely on critical by toni morrison early versions of the DocBook DTD developed by the Davenport Group. TIM 1 was approved as a TCIF Guideline in December 1995, and revisions for award winning, TIM 2 were begun in December 1996. As described in the TCIF Information Publication TCIF-IPI-97-004 (Issue 1, 10/24/97), several of the DTD changes were aimed at making the need help writing argumentative essay, TIM 2 specification XML compliant.

These included changes to the SGML declaration, removal of inclusion and exclusion exceptions from content models, implementation of external cross-references through URLs, restricting the attribute data types to the XML-valid AttType values ('TokenizedType' -- in particular, NMTOKEN for winning, NAME, NUMBER, and NUTOKEN), and restriction of PCDATA to content models having repeatable 'OR groups'. Industrial Essay! Thus: except for award, changes to adapt to engineering the not-yet-finished XLL linking specification, TIM is already XML-complaint and ready for essay award winning, the next generation of thesis differentiated instruction browsers. Main database entry, with summary and bibliographic references: TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange) Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange (TCIF - IPI) Committee Home Page TIM DTD Telecommunications Interchange Markup, alias Technical Information Markup DTD [March 06, 1998] Comments from Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the XML DTD issues (v. 203, 204). Version 2.0.4 has introduced all-lower-case names (a decision based upon XML case-sensitivity rules) and implemented other minor changes to allow (optionally) better compatibility with TEDD and XML. [March 06, 1998] See as of this date for TIM DTD draft version 2.0.4. Alternate locations: or The change history describes the `XML compliance' issues in 2.0.4. A PE reference %m-; appears: - mapped to award - - for help argumentative, the 'SGML only' DTD marked sections, mapped to award nil for XML. Differentiated! The ZIP archive for the DTD. [April 21, 1998] Note from winning Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the Availability of XML-compliant TIM. Dated 1998-03-06. Further details on XML-compliant version of TIM (2.1.1) as of April 21, 1998; [2.1.1 local archive copy, 19980421]

Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) and Pinnacles Component Information Standard (PCIS) ECIX - 'For Internet and XML-based Component Information Exchange'. The Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) project is dedicated to designing standards for help essay, creation, exchange and winning, use of cause electronic component information, including ASIC cores. The ECIX architecture and standards are extensible, unambiguous, well documented and are maintained under the direction of Si2. The current ECIX specifications are QuickData (QuickData Protocol and Quick Evaluation Data Specifications), PCIS, CIDS, and TDML. Details on the new ECIX QuickData specifications for real-time business-to-business Internet transactions (based on XML) are accessible [via the Web site]. A new, XML-based version of essay award winning PCIS (Version 1.5) was announced in June at DAC '99.

ECIX Component Information Dictionary Standard (CIDS) The aim of the Component Information Dictionary Standard is to provide authors and users of component information with a computer sensible dictionary of characteristic properties of engineering application essay components, allowing for a common and unambiguous understanding of those characteristics. ECIX has created a CIDS dictionary in support of the ECIX Quick Evaluation Data Specification, and is working with NIST, IEC (61360) and JEDEC organizations to realize CIDS dictionaries for those industry standard dictionaries. A new XML-based version of CIDS (Version 1.9) was announced in award June at DAC '99. The US Library of Congress and start autobiography research paper, several research level institutions have been engaged in the collaborative work of the EAD (Encoded Archival Description) initiative for winning, several years.

These institutions use the EAD DTD, and currently encode their archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) or in XML. The EAD Document Type Definition (DTD) represents the formal part of help writing a standard for encoding archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and essay award, the Extensible Markup Language (XML). This standard is maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress (LC) in partnership with the Society of American Archivists. See the dedicated page for information on the Encoded Archival Description (EAD). A communique from Junichi Suzuki (The Graduate School of Computer Science, Keio University) describes an essays on beloved, XML application proposed as the UML eXchange Format (UXF). The UML (Unified Modeling Language) is an emerging standard modeling language for the description of essay award winning software systems.

UXF is a XML-based format to interchange software analysis/design models with UML (Unified Modeling Language), which is an object-oriented analysis/design methodology. According to the description on the UXF Web site, the project addresses how UML (Unified Modeling Language) models can be interchanged and proposes an application-neutral format called UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). It is a format powerful enough to express, publish, access and exchange UML models, and a natural extension from the existing Internet environment. Help! It serves as a communication vehicle for developers, and as a well-structured data format for essay winning, development tools. With UXF, UML models can be distributed universally. UXF is thus expected to support intercommunications between software developers, interconnectivity between development tools, and a natural and transparent extension from the existing Web environment. Several related DTDs are now available or in draft: Parent DTD for all subset DTDs, DTD for class diagrams, DTD for cause and/or essay, collaboration diagrams, DTD for statechart diagrams, UXF DTD for sequence diagrams. The designers are using 'XSL' stylesheets for UXF data. Links: UML - Unified Modeling Language Version 1.4 of the UML Documentation set was scheduled for release in essay award April of 1999. Main UXF Page UXF Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Making UML Models Exchangeable over the Internet with XML: UXF Approach. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto.

Paper presented at autobiography research paper the International Workshop UML'98 (3rd-4th June 98, Mulhouse - France). Available in Word97, PDF, and Postscript formats. [local archive copy] Managing the award, Software Design Documents with XML. Morrison! By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto, Keio University. Presented in Session 11: 'Working with XML', Thursday, September 24, 1998, Loews Le Concorde Hotel, Quebec City, Canada, ACM SIGDOC 1998. In the software engineering community, Unified Modeling Language (UML) has been widely accepted as an essay, object-oriented software analysis/design methodology, since it provides most of the concepts and research, notations that are essential for award, documenting object oriented models. UML, however, does not have an explicit format for interchanging its models intentionally. This paper addresses this lack and proposes UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an and/or effect essay, exchange format for UML models, based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] [September 16, 1999] Leveraging Distributed Software Development.

By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. In IEEE Computer [IEEE Computer Society] Volume 32, Number 9 (September), pages 59-65, with 6 references. Award! Toward the tesis islam, Interoperable Software Design Models: Quartet of UML, XML, DOM and CORBA. Essay Award! By Junichi Suzuki and critical essays by toni morrison, Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Second draft, presented to ISESS '99 (Fourth IEEE International Software Engineering Standards Symposium, May 17-21, 1999). This paper addresses a standard-based UML model interchange and presents our effort to make UML interoperable.

We developed a XML-based exchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) and a distributed model management system for UML. The system leverages the team development, reuse of essay winning design models and thesis differentiated, tool interoperability by essay winning interchanging the model information with XML through the essays on beloved by toni morrison, Document Object Model (DOM) interface that is implemented on top of award winning CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). DOM provides a platform and programming language neutral interface to manipulate the content, structure and style of documents. [local archive copy] Making UML Models Interoperable with UXF. By Junichi Suzuki and critical on beloved by toni, Yoshikazu Yamamoto. This paper addresses the award, UML model interchange and and/or, presents our efforts to make UML highly interoperable.

We developed an interchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] Archived Samples (DTDs, instances, stylesheets) in essay award a .ZIP collection, 19980528 Contact: Junichi Suzuki. Email [email protected]; WWW: suzuki/jsuzuki.html Compare: UML-Xchange from critical on beloved morrison Normand Rivard, 07-09-98. UML-Xchange is a SGML DTD for exchanging data models between CASE tools that use the UML language. Essay Winning! All of the industrial application essay, six kinds of UML diagrams are supported. Winning! See the DTD, [local archive copy] Compare: Object Management Group (OMG) and XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI). Engineering! Related: Pattern Markup Language (PML) - an winning, XML-based format to describe software patterns. . . PML internally uses UXF. Information on the LISA/OSCAR 'TMX' DTD for translation memory exchange is differentiated instruction provided in a separate document.

P3P Syntax Specification: Platform for Privacy Preferences. [March 23, 1998] Frontier 5 is now an XML database with a programming and winning, storage model. . Industrial Engineering! .; see [January 1998] In one of a series of articles on essay award XML, Frontier 5 and XML: Scripting News in XML, Dave Winer describes how he puts Scripting News in thesis instruction XML. The [publication] format is regular enough so that with a reasonable script I can also generate a new format called scriptingNews format, that could be read by a new kind of winning browser, specially designed to carry news items with links, a possible picture, and a rare comment from my evilTwin. [. ] I also converted all the back issues of Scripting News, dating back to April 1997, each in its own XML file. Through the initiative, SGML Open and its members pledge to differentiated instruction promote: (1) open standards; (2) elimination of award winning proprietary extensions; (3) complete interoperability. The name '' embodies the concepts of XML and serves as an abbreviation for interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international. Press Release: SGML Open Launches Initiative in Support of XML. Monday September 22 3:14 PM EDT. Lead paragraph: SGML Open, the international consortium dedicated to and/or effect essay promoting structured document and data interchange based on essay the SGML family of standards, today announced the start research, adoption of a new initiative, Serving as a forum and resource center for developers and users of XML tools, will work to bridge the gap between the XML specification and tool interoperability. '' represents the concepts of interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international -- together with XML. Information on '' from SGML Open.

NuDoc is winning a technology for describing, editing, and viewing highly designed pages for print and on-line distribution. NuDoc supports applications for WYSIWYG page layout, online XML browsing, and database driven, variable-data publishing. In NuDoc, a document object is made of need writing argumentative style, content, and page layout sub-objects. A style object contains rules that govern the form (or visual appearance) of the essay award, document. Content elements such as words, images, movies, etc. are organized into a tagged tree structure that represents the logical organization of the information (sections, sub-sections, etc.). The W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the default content data representation. XML files are the default representation for the structured, tagged content. NuDoc reads and writes XML content files during the authoring process. NuDoc's TSL files are used to define the style sheets. On Beloved! For rapid saving and restoring of the entire document object's state, NuDoc can save to disk (and re-read) the post-composition document containing the style, content, and award winning, resulting page layouts (including all user edits and mark-up) to an external XML-format checkpoint file. Finally, if the shared content feature is required, external shared content is stored in yet another XML format file. [from the Technology Briefing, August 1997]

PageFlex is a NuDoc-based Application under development as of mid-1998. PageFlex is a high-end solution built from modular components and open standards. It is the first solution to use XML as the intermediate data format between databases and the page composition process. The output formatter is based on cause effect Bitstream's revolutionary NuDoc page composition engine, NuDoc offers unprecedented control over the graphic design of page templates while maintaining a strict separation of form from the essay award, input XML content. Coins: Tightly Coupled JavaBeans and XML Elements. Coins is a programming project undertaken by Bill la Forge.

Description: A coin has two faces, an XML element and an instance of a JavaBean: a) the XML element is the persistent form, an b) the JavaBean instance is the runtime form. One of the primary operations of a coins program is the binding of XML element types to cause and/or effect essay specific Java classes. In some cases (runtime program composition), an essay award winning, initial set of critical on beloved bindings is assumed and the XML document being processed uses that initial set to specify additional bindings in a bootstrapping process. The bindings used to process a document are not always fixed, but are often determined by the application or server processing the document. In these cases, the winning, XML document is on beloved by toni morrison simply a vehicle for moving information between applications, and the coins technology simply provides the award winning, means for processing that document. Help Writing Argumentative! A particularly interesting feature of coins is its use of hyper-links. Java serialization has no equivalent capability, forcing the .ser files generated by Java serialization to be self-contained. . . Coins Web site: Coins Overview XML-Based Components: Coins. Award Winning! Presentation to ACM Greater Boston Web Tech Chapter, by cause and/or essay Bill la Forge Source and Documentation Contact: Bill la Forge. [June 21, 1998] Two-faced Coins Catching On. By Jeff Walsh. In InfoWorld Electric (June 19, 1998) Posted at 4:56 PM PT.

A new programming paradigm called Coins is gaining momentum with developers as a way to deliver JavaBeans using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) without the essay winning, need for Java serialization. DMTF Common Information Model (CIM) On October 19, 1998, The Desktop Management Task Force, Inc. Research Paper! (DMTF) announced the availability of its XML Encoding Specification for award, the encoding of the Common Information Model (CIM) schema in XML. Information on DMTF's CIM and WBEM technology solutions is held in a separate document. Process Interchange Format XML (PIF-XML) On June 12, 1998, Jeffrey Ricker posted an announcement for an initial design of engineering PIF-XML (Process Interchange Format XML). Award Winning! PIF is an interchange format designed to help automatically exchange process descriptions among a wide variety of business process modeling and support system such as workflow software, flow charting tools, process simulation systems, and process repositories. PIF itself is based on the Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF), which is in turn based on LiSP.

Since both LiSP and XML are text-based and nested trees, the critical essays on beloved by toni morrison, translation is relatively straightforward. However, PIF also includes an object-oriented design with inheritance, which does not directly translate into XML. The initial work attempts a direct translation of essay award winning PIF version 1.2, and is not optimized for industrial application essay, economy in XML; a provisional DTD and example encoded PIF-XML document are available. Ontology and Conceptual Knowledge Markup Languages. QAML is a new language created using XML. Essay! The purpose of QAML is to provide a more specific format for documents dealing with questions and answers. Why use QAML instead of HTML?

Because unconstrained HTML is too powerful and loose! In particular QAML is need argumentative meant for FAQs, or Frequently Asked Questions. QAML was originally meant to be a broader language, but we have decided to focus it specifically on FAQs. We are programming a CGI which will format QAML documents and convert them to HTML, so it will be possible to essay award winning implement QAML without having to need help writing essay worry about when XML browsers are commonplace. Award Winning! Rick Jelliffe ([email protected]) has helped us to make QAML fully XML-compliant. We have posted the new, full XML QAML DTD. [October 07, 1999] New version of the industrial, DTD. [February 26, 1999] A recent communiqué from essay Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica Computing Centre) announces a 'Call for Comments' on a proposed XML DTD for 'Frequently Asked Questions' documents.

The new QAML 2.0X XML DTD is critical on beloved morrison based on the QAML 1.0 SGML DTD, with backwards-compatible augmentations for XML, I18N (internationalization), XLL [XLink] hypertext linking, style, accessability and tracking. Comments on the proposed DTD are solicited by the authors, Justin Higgins of essay digitalNation Network Services, and Rick Jelliffe. The XML DTD is available online from the website ( and from the engineering application, 'Chinese XML Now!' website ( LACITO Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles [Linguistic Data Archiving Project] Boyd Michailovsky (LACITO/CNRS, project coordinateur) forwarded a communique concerning a linguistic data archiving project which uses XML and SGML encoding. Principal investigators include Boyd Michailovsky, John B. Lowe, and Michel Jacobson. The 'Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles', under the auspices of the larger LACITO programme (Laboratoire de langues et civilisations à tradition orale) and direction from CNRS, concentrates on the encoding, archiving, and essay award, distribution of speech data, particularly for rare languages that are researched within the unit. The main source of data for the project is the mass of documents recorded and transcribed in the field by thesis differentiated instruction members of the LACITO over the last thirty years. These unique recordings, mainly of spontaneous speech in unwritten languages, serve as the basis for research on the languages and the cultures concerned. Some of the transcriptions and translations have been published, but the original sound recordings have never been published or properly archived. Award! . . An explicit XML (Extensible Markup Language) markup has been adopted for essay, the text materials.

In many cases, older documents whose structure is implicit are marked up automatically by program. Essay Winning! The interlinearized text (annotated and help argumentative, glossed) is displayed using XSL stylesheets. Audio portions corresponding to the encoded text are aligned using XML linking elements. . Essay Award Winning! .The structure of the XML documents prepared by the project is need help defined by essay award winning a DTD (Document Type Definition); all project documents are validated using public-domain tools. c/o Boyd Michailovsky. 44 rue de l'Amiral Mouchez. 75014 Paris, FRANCE.

GedML: [GEDCOM] Genealogical Data in XML. GedML is a way of encoding genealogical data sets in XML. Hukum Pidana! It combines the well-established GEDCOM data model with the award, new XML standard for encoding complex information. The result is a representation that can easily be converted to and from differentiated GEDCOM, but can be manipulated much more easily using standard tools. See now the document Genealogical Data and XML for information on GedML and other specifications using XML for genealogical information. Newspaper Association of America (NAA) - Standard for Classified Advertising Data. The NAA Classified Advertising Standards Task Force was organized by the NAA Technology Department to facilitate the electronic exchange of classified ads. References to the commmitte work and the XML DTD are provided in a separate document. The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC) has made an XML version of the NITF (News Industry Text Format) DTD available from essay winning its Web site. Description and references are found in a separate document. As of January 1999, a News Markup Language (NML) was under development through the effort of the American Press Institute's Media Center.

In a meeting of April 1999, it was decided to incorporate the hukum islam, requirements for NML into the NITF design and essay, development work. Further information is provided in a separate document. An announcement for critical essays on beloved by toni, a new XML application initiative (Notes Flat File Format Initiative) was posted by Sean McGrath on May 14, 1998. NFF is an essay winning, XML based interchange format for the Lotus Notes/Domino platform. The NFF DTD supports the help argumentative essay, majority of the constructs that can occur in Lotus Notes data such as structured fields, rich text, doclinks, import objects and so on. Once data is in XML conforming to the NFF DTD it can be imported using an import filter (NINFF.DLL) into Lotus Notes using a simple 'File-Import'. The download package includes the necessary software along with a sample application - Timon Of Athens by William Shakespeare in NFF format. Java Help API: The structure of a HelpSet is essay award winning XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. . . See Byte Magazine (May 1998) page 108, sidebar So, Help Me, Java. The HelpSet formats in XML were presented in: Introduction to the JavaHelp API.

By Eduardo Pelegrí-Llopart, Roger Brinkley, and tesis pidana islam, Nancy K. Lee (Sun Microsystems, Inc.) Presented at JavaOne (Sun's 1998 Worldwide Java Developer Conference). So, Help Me, Java. From Byte , May 1998: . . . The new Java Help API, currently in beta testing, is an all-Java 'über alles' help system for JavaBean components, applications, desktops, and HTML pages. . . [it's] written purely in Java, [which] means you can embed a help system within an application or compress it into a Jar file for transport to essay award winning another destination. . . Industrial Engineering Application! Java Help permits a single help system to essay support varying navigational views of help content. . . The data structure that carries all the information needed to provide a view into a help system is bundled into a HelpSet file. Note that there are two loose terms at use here. Differentiated Instruction! First, a HelpSet file isn't necessarily a file, in the same sense as files that you store on your hard disk. Essay Winning! A HelpSet file could be bound into an application, for start autobiography, example. Essay Award Winning! Second, it's probably more accurate to say that the information is essay rooted in the HelpSet file. The structure of a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data.

The data points to the URLs from which you can find the info necessary to essay award winning build the help argumentative essay, help system. Cold Fusion is a general-purpose Web development system for rapidly building Web applications that integrate browser, server and database technologies. It consists of the Cold Fusion Markup Language (CFML), the Cold Fusion Application Server (NT UNIX) and winning, the forthcoming Cold Fusion Studio, a visual tool for tesis hukum pidana islam, building dynamic Web applications. . . In essence, CFML provides a generalized markup language for essay award, handling the richness of programming, logic and critical, integration required to build full-scale applications on the Web platform. It achieves this based on the same inspiration that is driving interest in XML -- simplicity and essay award winning, power. . . Syntactically, Custom Tags are XML compliant custom markup language elements that allow developers to build reusable components that can be easily dropped into a dynamic Web application. These tags are processed by the Cold Fusion server, and can dynamically generate and execute client and server-side code. Press release, September 15, 1997: Allaire Introduces Online Exchange for Cold Fusion Custom Tags. Tesis Hukum Islam! Third-party Custom Tags Extend the Cold Fusion development system with cross platform XML-compatible components. Cold Fusion and Custom Tags FAQ The Allaire Tag Gallery [August 04, 2000] ColdFusion Markup Language. By Mark Cyzyk. Essay Award! In WebTechniques Volume 5, Issue 8 (August 2000), pages 74-77. Consider the selection of server-side scripting languages: The big contenders in start autobiography research this arena are Active Server Pages (ASP) and JavaServer Pages (JSP).

Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is also starting to edge in on the market. While each is powerful in its own way, neither of the environments is particularly aesthetic by Gelernter's definition. Performing simple tasks with these technologies often requires a lot of overhead, resulting in code-heavy, convoluted programs. If you're choosing a server-side scripting language, you should consider a fourth option: ColdFusion. Essay! Because it acts more like a markup language than a programming language, ColdFusion is an elegant solution for embedding code in HTML files. Allaire, the company that also makes the popular HomeSite HTML editor, has a whole suite of ColdFusion technologies consisting of an application server, an integrated development environment, and of course, the markup language. It is this ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML) that competes directly with ASP and JSP. Within CFML you'll find all the usual conditional logic constructs, data structures, and utility functions available in most mature programming languages. Further, CFML provides tags to effect easily implement email interactions, LDAP integration, and FTP and HTTP agent creation -- functions that other Web application development platforms require third-party modules to support.

Finally, the Web application developer can create custom tags in CFML, thereby extending the language's power. Contact: Jeremy Allaire. Document Content Description for XML (DCD) [August 10, 1998] International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Microsoft Corporation have submitted a proposal to the World Wide Web Consortium defining a vocabulary for describing constraints upon XML documents: Document Content Description for XML. References: NOTE-dcd-19980731, Submission to essay the World Wide Web Consortium 31-July-1998. The document proposes a structural schema facility, Document Content Description (DCD), for specifying rules covering the structure and content of XML documents. Essays Morrison! The DCD proposal incorporates a subset of the XML-Data Submission and expresses it in a way which is consistent with the ongoing W3C RDF (Resource Description Framework) effort; in essay winning particular, DCD is an RDF vocabulary. DCD is intended to define document constraints in an XML syntax; these constraints may be used in the same fashion as traditional XML DTDs. DCD also provides additional properties, such as basic datatypes. Tesis Pidana! The abbreviation 'DCD' is used to describe both the essay, general facility described in this document and individual schema instances that conform to it. Editors listed for the document include Tim Bray (Textuality), Charles Frankston (Microsoft), and Ashok Malhotra (IBM).

Other credits: The specification has benefited greatly as a result of cause and/or effect essay input from David Fallside and David Singer, both of IBM, Andrew Layman and Jean Paoli both of Microsoft, and from Lauren Wood of SoftQuad. We also wish to thank Henry Thompson of the essay award, University of Edinburgh and all the authors of the XML-Data specification. XSchema is the name of a collaborative effort hosted on the XML-DEV mailing list. Tesis Islam! The principal goal of the XSchema project is to produce an XSchema specification which, when complete, will provide a means for XML developers to essay winning describe their XML document structures using XML document syntax. The target date for a complete initial XSchema 1.0 proposal is June 30, 1998. As of June 1, 1998, discussion had resulted in cause effect essay the creation of essay winning a list of twelve XSchema Goals, as refined through four draft documents. This XSchema work was initiated by Simon St.Laurent with the publication of differentiated a paper A Proposal for the Representation of essay XML DTDs as XML Documents and by several supportive postings, including a position paper authored by Paul Prescod. During the research, initial period of discussion on XML-DEV, the project proposal went under the name XSD (Extensible or XML Structure Definitions). [November 03, 1998] Simon St.Laurent and winning, Ronald Bourret report that a final draft of the XSchema Specification, Version 1.0 is now available (November 1, 1998).

Public comments on need help argumentative essay the draft should be posted to the XML-DEV mailing list. General information on the XSchema project is available at essay award Note that this borderlands effort is not part of the autobiography, W3C work (it parallels work already begun within the W3C, e.g. , XML Data). Its authors declare that XSchema is not intended to award compete with proposals from the World Wide Web Consortium, and they envision that the results may profitably feed into the W3C activity on XML schemas. Hukum Pidana Islam! According to Jon Bosak (XML WG Chair), design work by the XML WG on XML schemas using instance syntax is award likely to be re-chartered. Of course, it also bears note that concrete proposals for thesis, enhanced 'DTD's using instance syntax have been made by essay award winning many individuals over the past decade or so. See, for example, references in pidana islam chapter 8 of The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and essay award winning, XML by Steve DeRose: SGML: It's 3, 3, 3 Languages in engineering application essay One. Document Definition Markup Language (DDML)

The Document Definition Markup Language (DDML) a schema language for XML documents, and a the successor to XSchema. WEBDAV (Extensions for Distributed Authoring and Versioning on the World Wide Web. WebDAV stands for 'Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning. Essay Award Winning! It is essay a set of extensions to the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote web servers. Winning! WebDAV uses XML. See references in a separate document. Graphic Communications Association - GCA 'Paper' DTD.

For several years, the on beloved by toni, Graphic Communications Association (GCA) has requested (or required) that papers for essay award winning, GCA conferences be prepared according to thesis instruction guidelines in SGML/XML DTDs. Conference proceedings volumes, both paper and electronic, are generated from the SGML/XML source provided by the authors. DocBk XML is an award, XML version of the start autobiography research paper, DocBook DTD. DocBook is an SGML DTD maintained by the DocBook Technical Committee of OASIS. It is particularly well suited to essay books and need writing essay, papers about computer hardware and software (though it is by no means limited to these applications). References are provided in a separate document.

SABLE: A Standard for winning, Text-to-Speech Synthesis Markup. SABLE is an XML/SGML-based markup scheme for text-to-speech synthesis, developed to address the need for a common TTS control paradigm. The SABLE specification evolved as an initiative to combine three existing speech synthesis markup languages: 1) SSML, the Speech Synthesis Markup Language; 2) STML, the Spoken Text Markup Language; 3) JSML, the industrial engineering application, Java Synthesis Markup Language. The draft SABLE specification is an initiative to establish a standard system for marking up text input to speech synthesizers. Award! The current draft is being circulated for need help argumentative essay, comment by users, developers and researchers of essay award speech synthesis. Java Speech Markup Language (JSML/JSpeech)

The JSpeech Markup Language is referenced in a separate document. SpeechML from writing IBM's alphaWorks Laboratory is a[n XML] markup language for building distributed network-based conversational applications. Together with Guillaume Belrose, W3C's Dave Raggett (on assignment from essay award winning HP Labs) is developing a voice browser to test out ideas for using context free grammars for more flexible voice interaction dialogs. The applications are written in cause XML and CSS using a language we are calling TalkML. Essay Award! We plan to extend this work to look at how to deal with existing Web content developed for desktop browsers. Some ideas for thesis differentiated instruction, this are covered in essay award a W3C NOTE ['Voice Browsers'] I wrote last year with Microsoft's Or Ben-Natan.

The goal is to make it easy to create dual access Web-sites which can be accessed via visual or voice browsers. See also my talk on Style sheets for Voice Browsers, as presented at the Developer's Day at WWW8. TalkML is an experimental XML language for voice browsers, and is being developed by HP Labs for use in the following markets: (1) Call centers (IVR++) -- sales and support services accessed via 800 numbers, adding speech recognition to tesis hukum pidana today's DTMF (touch tone) systems; (2) Smart phones with displays; (3) Access to email, appointments, news and travel services etc. Essay Winning! while your are on cause the road (in-car systems); (4) Mobile devices too small for decent displays or keyboards, WCDMA palmtop organizers/pagers with low enough cost to be a must-have (like cell-phones). Guillaume Belrose helped to devise TalkML and develop the sofware. A NIST project cordinated through MEL (The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, under Project Leader Joshua Lubell. The objective of this NIST-sponsored project is to winning explore the use of XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a standard for structured document interchange on the Web, for exchanging complex data objects between tasks in a distributed workflow application. Thesis Differentiated! In details: The WebWork workflow application development tool kit, created by the University of Georgia with funding from NIST's Advanced Technology Program, supports the building of essay award distributed, web-based workflow applications. NIST has demonstrated the benefits of XML for representing highly structured documents such as product data standard specifications and has shown that WebWork can be integrated with an XML repository. Leveraging this implementation experience, NIST will extend WebWork to autobiography support the exchange of XML-structured objects between workflow tasks.

NIST will demonstrate the efficacy of this approach by building a small application to essay award winning manage a subset of the industrial engineering application, workflow in ISO TC184/SC4 (International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 184, Subcommittee 4), an award winning, international standards body developing specifications for the representation and exchange of industrial data for which NIST serves as Secretariat. SWAP - Simple Workflow Access Protocol. The SWAP (Simple Workflow Access Protocol) working group has submitted a charter to the ETF Application Area Directors and is expected to become authorized by the IETF. SWAP is a protocol designed to allow for interoperability between workflow systems and between workflow systems and instruction, other applications. SWAP allows for award, the programmatic initiation of start research a workflow process by an application, and the exchange of process data and state information between the the workflow process and application. The proposed SWAP protocol defines four primary interfaces, which are used to manage, monitor, initiate and control the execution of processes on external workflow systems. . . SWAP is essay not intended to overlap with the WebDAV in any way. They are designed to be complimentary, use the same basic encoding (XML), and in start research paper fact use the same commands where appropriate for the same things (getting object properties). The goals of the essay, two specs are different. Need Writing! WebDAV is for winning, document management: how to check out check in, handle multiple versions, lock, unlock, and thesis instruction, move documents. There is nothing in WebDAV about essay winning applications. SWAP is for starting, monitoring, controlling, and receiving notifications from a remote asynchronous service.

The idea is that you have some application out there that takes a long time to complete, you want to pass it some data and invoke it. This is all about applications development, and almost nothing to do with document management. [adapted from the FAQ and main Web page, by essay Keith Swenson] See: SWAP references in Asynchronous Transactions and Web Services. Award! SWAP Working Group Simple Workflow Access Protocol (SWAP) The Simple Workflow Access Protocol is a proposed way to solve this problem through use of HTTP protocol, and by transferring structured information encoded in XML. A new set of HTTP methods is defined, as well as the information to be supplied and the information returned in XML, that accomplish the control of generic asynchronous services. Essays On Beloved! - draft-swenson-swap-prot-00.txt SWAP Main Page SWAP FAQ document SWAP Issues and Action Items.

VSI (V-Systems Inc.), an industry 'Leader in Integrated Fax,' has recently proposed an XML Interface for FAX. XML-F ('XML for FAX'), under VSI's new proposal, would be used for for connecting fax servers to applications, other fax servers, and fax service providers. Winning! VSI has outlined a simple method for integrating applications to fax servers using XML, the latest Internet technology for data interchange between applications. Autobiography! Launched at a time when both network fax and XML are coming into the mainstream, VSI believes that their proposal, called 'XML-F', has the potential to solve a major issue facing the fax service community. XML-F Specifications (including DTDs) have been written, and are to be released in essay award the near future. The XML-F interface provides a simple framework for software applications to use in employing a network fax service to send an electronic document to a terminating fax machine. The XML-F interface supports three basic features: 1) Submit a Fax for engineering application, Transmission; 2) Get Status of a Fax Transmission; 3) Cancel a current Fax Transmission or Request. XML-F employs six XML document types to implement these three features: three requests and three responses.

Using a simple request/response model, each feature has a corresponding request and winning, response document. The request/response model lends itself well to internet transports and to applications which might require off-line use. Research Paper! All data is award formatted as text and binary data is encoded using Base64 encoding. XML-F can be coupled with internet transports such as TCP/IP and HTTP and security mechanisms such as SSL to cause and/or essay provide secure transactions over public networks. XML-F does not imply or require any particular transport, however.

XML-F is an award winning, open specification that anyone can implement: any fax server or fax service provider, any application software developer, or other party. It is recommended that any public implementation of a server representing this interface fully implement all of the interface, while client systems might opt to essay implement only those portions which are relevant to the application. [from the 0.1.90 draft] VSI (V-Systems Inc.) Home Page Press release: VSI Proposes New XML Interface for Fax. Fax over XML Could Solve Key Issues in the Fax Service Community. - Announcement for XML-F. [also from winning VSI] Fax Integration using XML. August, 1998. 6 pages. - VSI has created a document that explains how application vendors, fax service providers, and fax servers can integrate using XML and XML-F. [local archive copy] XML-F Specifications. XML-F Preliminary Specification. Revision 0.1.90, August 1998. 23 pages. - VSI has also created a document that outlines the XML-F DTD's and recommendations for use by application developers, integrated and fax server vendors. [local archive copy] Email discussion forum: [email protected] VSI Contact: Lydia Loizides (Product Marketing Manager) [January 11, 1999] VSI Announces VSI-Fax Gold Series 3.5 -- Introduces Faxing From Outlook. New Outlook Fax Integration Brings Proven Enterprise Fax Capabilities to Popular Messaging Client -- Allows Faxing Right from the Inbox. - XML-F Integration: As the start autobiography, first step in VSI's implementation of essay award winning XML for fax communications, VSI-FAX 3.5 features the ability to use XML Documents to send, receive, and start autobiography research paper, cancel faxes, as well as obtain status information.

What is essay winning XML? - From VSI. [local archive copy] [February 15, 1999] Fax Integration Using XML Technology. By Dave Droman and help argumentative, Gila Jones [V-Systems, Inc.]. In Computer Technology Review Volume XVIII , Number 1(January 1999), pages 28, 32-33. As it stands today, there is essay winning no standard means of and/or essay communicating between (1) fax servers and the applications that need faxing services and (2) among various fax servers or fax service providers across a network, including the Internet. . . Essay! To solve these problems, VSI has created a common faxing interface using XML, called XML-F. As many people now know, XML is a markup language, like HTML, with a vocabulary that consists primarily of 'tags.' HTML was specifically designed for paper, marking up documents to communicate how they should be formatted for display on award winning the World Wide Web.

The purpose of XML is far more open-ended, but in general it is a 'meta-language' intended to be used to define other standard markup languages (known as Document Type Definitions or DTDs) that can be used to allow different systems to exchange information in a standard, process-readable format. Businesses can define their own vocabulary of XML tags and rules that are embedded within the DTD inside the engineering application essay, XML document or made publicly available to essay winning any program that wants to comply with the tesis hukum, agreed-upon information exchange format. The use of XML-specific parsers eliminate the burden of parsing and validating XML interchange documents, reducing the work and support required to implement an application reading XML. Essay Winning! [local archive copy] Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) The main entry for thesis, the Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) is found in a separate document. Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML) The ATSC T3/S17 specialist group is in the process of defining the application programming interfaces for a Digital Television Application Software Environment (DASE) compliant receiver. As this process evolves, the elements, attributes, properties, and values of BHTML will solidify. T3/S17 has selected the Java virtual machine (VM) as the application execution engine.

As specified by T3/S17, the Java VM will be found on all DASE-compliant receivers. Aninda DasGupta, the T3/S17 chairman, proposed [what] he called 'Broadcast HTML' [which] uses Internet technologies favored by many T3/S17 members: it is written in XML, scales back HTML elements and attributes, and integrates synchronization functionality as new elements, attributes, and essay winning, style properties. BHTML is an XML compliant language based on a reduced set of HTML 3.2 elements and attributes. Media synchronization functions from SMIL and critical essays on beloved by toni, style elements from CSS 1 and essay winning, CSS 2 are added to differentiated this base functionality (into Broadcast CSS or BCSS). Appendix C of the August 6, 1998 draft (XML-Data Specifying BHTML using the XML-Data Syntax) represents 'a first pass at essay winning defining the BHTML elements and attributes using the XML-Data (XMLD) notation'. xHTML specifies a collection of document type definition (DTD) sets that can be combined to application specify an xHTML-based platform. Three such platforms are used as examples throughout this specification: w3HTML, bHTML, and cHTML. Essay Award! xHTML is designed to meet the requirements of consumer electronic and cause, computer manufacturers that wish to produce a broad range of products with various levels of Internet connectivity and product features. xHTML started with HTML 4.0 and HTML 3.2. These elements and attributes were converted to XML, in line with the essay award winning, stated goals of the W3C for future HTML. The XML-based markup language was partitioned into DTD sets that correlated with the needs of platform developers to differentiated based on internet connectivity, memory footprint, and power management. xHTML is written in XML, therefore element names are case-sensitive. Digital-TV Application Software Environments (DASE) - Main Page BHTML Draft Specification - BHTML Draft #2.

Document Number ATSC T3/S17 092, prepared for ATSC T3/S17 (DASE) by Ted Wugofski, Gateway. A Modular Hypertext Markup Language for Broadcast Applications.. Prepared by Ted Wugofski. 1 Oct 98, Draft #4. [local archive copy] Synchronization and Transitions in Broadcast HTML. Ted Wugofski, Over the Moon Productions. This is an addendum to the Broadcast HTML (bHTML) Proposal in the area of specifying timing, synchronization, and special effects.

The design is thesis instruction based on functional requirements specified in the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) specialist group (T3/S17) that is defining the essay, digital television application software environment (DASE). [local archive copy] Broadcast HTML Specification - General Information DASE Introduction [August 25, 1998] As Intel-led group sideswipes standards body, Thomson and Microsoft roll spec of their own - Debate rages over how to bring data to TV. On Beloved By Toni! By Junko Yoshida. Award! In EETimes Issue 1022 (August 24, 1998). Excerpt: The debate over start autobiography paper how to bring data and Internet technologies to digital television will bubble up this week, as a key industry group reconvenes here to discuss a set of proposals that has come under fire. . . Where the ATVEF's technology is based on standard Internet specifications such as HTML 4.0, BHTML is essay winning written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), a new language for advanced Web applications. BHTML scales back HTML elements and attributes by using parts of HTML 3.2, while it integrates synchronization functionality.

The biggest difference between the two lies in the use of the Java software technology. BHTML is designed to tesis hukum be tightly integrated with the Application Execution Engine, or Java Virtual Machine, and essay, with the Java framework. See the database entry, Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML). [September 24, 1998] Group Seeks Integrated Multimedia, DTV. By Junko Yoshida. In CMPNet TechWeb News (September 20, 1998). With a goal to integrate 2-D, 3-D, and streaming content for digital TV (DTV) programming, leaders from key international technology-development forums gathered [in Leidschendam, Netherlands] last week to launch a new initiative to harmonize the start paper, various multimedia streams. Taking part in the AIC meeting were representatives from the Motion Picture Experts Group, Virtual Reality Modeling Language organization, and Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC).

The initiative will 'write an open specification to integrate and harmonize VRML, MPEG-4, and Broadcast HTML BHTML into essay winning a seamless stream,' said Rob Glidden, co-chairman of VRML 3-D Integrated Media Working Group and one of thesis differentiated 12 founding members of AIC. BHTML, written in winning the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), is designed for tight integration with the Java framework. Autobiography Research! Pointing to longstanding integration efforts between VRML and XML, as well as between MPEG-4 and VRML, Glidden said, 'This is essay a natural extension of what we have been doing at each of the groups'. The International Standard 12083 presents a reference document type definition which facilitates the authoring, interchange and archiving of a variety of engineering publications. This document type definition is essay award deliberately general. It is a reference document type definition which provides a set of building blocks for the structuring of books, articles, serials, and similar publications in print and electronic form. This International Standard is intended to provide a document architecture to facilitate the creation of various application-specific document type definitions. [January 25, 1999] ISO 12083 (AAP, EPSIG) DTDs for article, book, serials, and math are being edited for XML compatability. [November 06, 2000] ISO 12083 is available free in PDF format from NISO: ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083 Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup (The standard specifies the SGML declaration defining the need help essay, syntax used by the document type definitions [DTD] and document instances, and essay winning, a definition for mathematics which may be embedded in other SGML applications). Extensible User Interface Language (XUL) XUL stands for 'extensible user interface language'.

It is an XML-based language for critical essays by toni morrison, describing the essay winning, contents of windows and dialogs. XUL has language constructs for all of the autobiography research, typical dialog controls, as well as for widgets like toolbars, trees, progress bars, and menus. User Interface Markup Language (UIML) The User Interface Markup Language (UIML) allows designers to describe the award winning, user interface in generic terms, and then use a style description to map the interface to various operating systems (OSs) and appliances. Thus, the universality of essays on beloved by toni UIML makes it possible to essay winning describe a rich set of interfaces and reduces the work in porting the user interface to another platform (e.g., from a graphical windowing system to a hand-held appliance) to critical essays on beloved changing the style description. Award! See the separate document. Commerce XML (cXML) is an open Internet-based standard for e-commerce. cXML reduces on-line business trading costs by application essay facilitating the exchange of content and transactions over the Internet.

Developed in concert with more than 40 leading companies, cXML is winning a set of lightweight XML DTDs -- based on critical on beloved the World Wide Web Consortium's XML standard -- with their associated request/response processes. XML DTD for Phone Books was published as a Network Working Group Internet-Draft (draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt) in essay winning February, 1999. The authors are Max Riegel (Siemens AG) and Glen Zorn (Microsoft Corporation). Autobiography Paper! In addition to providing a DTD, the document describes the information to be included in the standard phone book for roaming applications. Essay Award! All data is described in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book.

The goals of this document include: 1) Creating a flexible, extensible and robust framework upon which to build a standard phone book; 2) Promoting a standard phone book format, to enhance interoperability between ISPs and start paper, roaming consortia. XML DTD for Phone Books. Proceedings URL. XML DTD for winning, Phone Books, February 1999. This version expires on August 15, 1999. Local archive copy, draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt See also: XML DTD for Roaming Access Phone Book. IETF RFC 3017.

December 2000. This document defines the syntax as well as the semantics of the information to be included in start research the phone book for roaming applications. It comprises the information necessary to award select the most appropriate ISP and to thesis differentiated configure the host to essay award get access to the network of the provider. The specification consists of a small set of required information elements and a variety of possible extensions. Essay! All data is specified in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. The Data Documentation Initiative. The Data Documentation Initiative is a Project to Develop an essay, XML Document Type Definition for Data Documentation [germane to datasets in the social and critical essays on beloved by toni, behavioral sciences.] See Data Documentation Initiative: A Project of the Social Science Community. XML General Articles and essay winning, Papers: Surveys, Overviews, Presentations, Introductions, Announcements. The document with Current XML Articles/Papers represents a more mixed collection of references: articles in professional journals, slide sets from presentations, press releases, articles in need help writing argumentative trade magazines, Usenet News postings, etc.

Some are from experts and some are not; some are refereed and others are not; some are semi-technical and others are popular; some contain errors and others don't. Discretion is strongly advised. The articles are listed approximately in the reverse chronological order of their appearance. Publications covering specific XML applications may be referenced in the dedicated sections rather than in the main reference lists. Books on essay award XML are referenced only briefly in the following section.

They are described more fully in differentiated instruction the SGML/XML Books section, and in essay award winning the main SGML/XML bibliography. For now, only books already published are listed. Start Research Paper! See the section on essay award winning planned and rumored works for books apparently not yet available. A collection of Introductions to XML is provided in a separate document. Pidana Islam! A more complete XML book list is maintained by Charles F. Award! Goldfarb in All the XML Books in help writing argumentative essay Print. Henning Behme and Stefan Mintert.

XML in der Praxis: Professionelles Web-Publishing mit der Extensible Markup Language. Bonn: Addison Wesley Longman, [June] 1998. Extent: 328 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN 3-8273-1330-9. Award Winning! Price: DM 69,90. Neil Bradley. Effect! The XML Companion . Harlow, Essex: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998. Extent: 464 pages.

ISBN: 0-201-41999-8. Dan Connolly (guest editor). Winning! XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques . World Wide Web Journal [edited by Rohit Khare] Volume 2, Issue 4. Industrial Engineering Application! Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Associates, Inc., Fall 1997. Extent: xii + 248 pages. ISBN: 1-56592-349-9. ISSN: 1085-2301. Steven J. DeRose. The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of essay HTML and XML . Electronic Publishing Series, Number 7. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. Extent: xxiv + 250 pages, appendices. ISBN: 0-7923-9943-9. [Chapter 8. XML: A Simple, Standard Subset.] Bob DuCharme.

XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. Extent: xx + 339 pages. ISBN: 0-13-082676-6. Peter Flynn. Understanding SGML and paper, XML Tools. Practical Programs for Handling Structured Text. Essay Award! . Foreword by Steve DeRose. Kluwer Academic Publishers SGML Bookshelf, Electronic Publishing Series. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998.

Extent: xxvi + 432 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7923-8169-6. [description] Charles F. Goldfarb and research, Paul Prescod. The XML Handbook. Foreword by Jean Paoli. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on essay winning Open Information Management.

The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1998. Extent: xlvi + 642 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-081152-1. Ian S. Graham and Liam Quin. XML Specification Guide . New York, NY: John Wiley Sons, 1999. Extent: xiv + 432 pages; with [technical online] 'Supplementary Material and Resources'. ISBN: 0-471-32753-0. Has a supporting Web site. Elliotte Rusty Harold.

XML: Extensible Markup Language. Structuring Complex Content for the Web. Foster City/Chicago/New York: IDG Books Worldwide, 1998. Extent: xxiv + 426 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-3199-9. Rick Jelliffe. The XML and SGML Cookbook. Recipes for Structured Information.

The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on tesis pidana islam Open Information Management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, May 1998. Extent: 650 pages, with CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-614223-0. [provisional description] Michael Leventhal, David Lewis, and essay award, Matthew Fuchs; with contributions from pidana islam Stuart Culshaw and Gene Kan. Designing XML Internet Applications. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on award Open Information Management. [Subseries:] The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [May] 1998. Extent: xxxii + 584 pages, CD-ROM.

ISBN: 0-13-616822-1. Price: $44.95 U.S./$63.00 Canada. Henning Lobin. Critical Essays By Toni! Informationsmodellierung in XML und SGML . Award! Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, [May] 1999. Critical By Toni! 250 pages. ISBN: 3-540-65356-2. Richard Light, Simon North, Charles Allen ( et al. ). Presenting XML . Winning! Indianapolis, IN: SAMS.NET [Sams Publishing, Macmillan Publishing USA], 1997. Extent: 400+ pages.

ISBN: 1-57521-334-6. Sean McGrath. XML by Example. Building E-Commerce Applications. The Charles F. Cause And/or Effect! Goldfarb Series on award Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb.

Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [June] 1998. Extent: xlviii + 476 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-960162-7. David Megginson. Structuring XML Documents . Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. And/or Effect Essay! The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [March] 1998. Extent: xxxviii + 425 pages, CDROM.

ISBN: 0-13-642299-3. Murata Makoto, Atsuhito Momma, and Kyoichi Arai. XML Nyuumon [Introduction to XML. In Japanese] . Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha, 1998. Extent: 224 pages. ISBN: 4-532-14610-0. Details: see the abstract in English, or the Fujixerox Web site, or bookseller descriptions (1), (2). Simon St. Laurent. XML: A Primer . Foster City, CA: MIS Press/IDG Books, 1998. Extent: xx + 348 pages.

ISBN: 1-5582-8592-X. Also in Korean, Japanese, and Italian translation. Simon St. Laurent and Robert Biggar. Inside XML DTDs: Scientific and essay award, Technical . Start Autobiography! New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Extent: xii + 468 pages, CDROM. Award! ISBN: 0-07-134621-X.

Simon St. Cause And/or Effect! Laurent and Ethan Cerami. Building XML Applications. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, (May) 1999. Extent: 512 pages, 150 illustrations. ISBN: 0-07-134116-1. Ed Tittel, Norbert Mikula, and winning, Ramesh Chandak XML for start autobiography, Dummies. Foreword by Dan Connolly. [Series: For Dummies.] Foster City, CA: IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., 1998. Extent: xxviii + 367 pages, CDROM.

ISBN: 0-7645-0360-X. XML Mailing Lists, Discussion Groups, Newsgroups. A more complete reference list of discussion groups, mailing lists, and hyer-mailed fora appears in the dedicated document. Discussion groups focused upon style languages are referenced in the main XSL document. XML-DEV, an XML development mailing list, maintained/organized by Peter Murray-Rust and Henry Rzepa. See the winning, text of the paper, announcement.

To subscribe to the digest, mailed on essay winning Monday of each week, send email to [email protected] with the message line 'subscribe xml-dev-digest'. [October 3, 1997] The XML-L mailing list was set up on September 30, 1997 as a general discussion of the thesis differentiated instruction, Extensible Markup Language. The list owner is Peter Flynn, University College Cork. Essay! To subscribe to the list, send email to [email protected] with the command 'subscribe xml-l [your name]' in the body of the message. For questions about the list, write to instruction the list owners: [email protected] [July 15, 1998] [Provisional/planned Usenet Newsgroup], comp.text.xml . See the draft RFD (Request for Discussion):, [local archive copy, 980408.] The first call for votes was issued on June 23, 1998.

On July 14, 1998, Neil Crellin published the results of the Call for Votes (CFV) for a new unmoderated Usenet Newsgroup comp.text.xml . The voting period closed at 23:59:59 UTC, July 14, 1998. The vote passed, 365:22. On December 01, 1998, Ralph Ferris of Fujitsu Software Corporation posted an announcement for a new XLink/XPointer Developer's List. This email forum has been launched in essay award order to promote wide discussion of islam XLink/XPointer development issues. Award Winning! To subscribe to the new xlxp-dev list, send an pidana islam, email message to [email protected] with the following in the body of the message: subscribe xlxp-dev . Information on award the W3C's XML Linking Language is tesis pidana islam accessible in the XLink/XPointer document. [July 20, 1998] A German language discussion group for XML has been set up: XML-DE. The list is hosted by GMD and DFN, two German national research institutes; this host arrangement is meant to essay award winning help ensure neutrality in commercial questions and professional maintainance.

The goals of this group are to provide a native German language forum for general XML discussion, to promote XML in the German industry, and to differentiated build a pool of experts for know-how transfer. Topics for discussion include core technologies (XML, XSL, XLink, DOM), related standards (SMIL, . ) and software (browsers, parsers, . ). To subscribe to the group, send a mail to with the message subscribe xml-de [firstName lastName] in the body of the message. See further information in the main entry: XML-DE. xml-litprog-l: Literate Programming with XML List. A mailing list for discussions about essay award how best to use XML/XSL/XLink/XPtr for constructing literate programming frameworks and tools. Organized initially by Anthony B. Coates (Educational Multimedia Services, TEDI, The University of Queensland). As of September 25, 1998, the help writing argumentative, list moved to an Allette server. Essay Winning! See: To subscribe, send email to [email protected] Help Writing Argumentative! See [the database entry XML and Literate Programming, the list entry xml-litprog-l - Literate Programming with XML List and] the document SGML/XML and Literate Programming. JXML: Java--XML, the Java and essay award winning, XML mailing list.

This list is differentiated instruction intended for discussions relating to essay award winning Java and XML, particularly with reguard to the following: 1) Java Class and thesis instruction, Bean metadata expressed as XML documents; 2) Conversion of Java Class metadata to bytecodes defining simple, data-only classes; 3) Reversable conversion of Java Object Streams to XML documents while maintaining type safety (JSXML); 4) Description of Jar Resources as an XML document; XML document-driven construction of Jar files (etc.). See the essay, more complete description: Related discussion and development forum: DSSSList, with the tesis hukum pidana, DSSSList Archive, sponsored by Mulberry Technologies, Inc. and managed by Tony Graham. XSL-List is winning provided by Mulberry Technologies as a service to tesis islam the XSL user community and the XSL standardization effort. It hosts discussion of XSL (Extensible Style Language) itself, XSL applications and implementation, and XSL user questions. Python XML-SIG: A Special Interest Group for XML Processing in essay award Python. The SIG was created to provide a forum for discussion and implementation of tools to make Python an excellent choice for autobiography paper, XML processing. The goal of this SIG is to decide what software is required for this purpose, and coordinate its implementation and documentation.

See the announcement and the main list entry for details. The Python XML-SIG Status page describes project deliverables and essay winning, the resources page describes some Python Software for XML. See also the dedicated database section Python for XML/SGML Processing. Perl-XML list, a mailing list is pidana islam dedicated to the discussion of enhancing Perl's ability to work with XML and for using Perl with XML documents. Send 'SUBSCRIBE Perl-XML' to [email protected] Send list contributions to: [email protected]

XML: Working Groups, SIGS, Design and Development Initiatives. [January 28, 2000] SAX 2/Java (beta). David Megginson has posted an announcement for the beta release of SAX2-beta. SAX is the Simple API for XML, a very-widely implemented event-based interface for processing XML documents. The beta release of SAX2/Java is now available for download at Highlights of the release: (1) Namespace support; (2) Configurability and award, extensibility through features and properties; (3) A new interface and base class for start, SAX filters; (4) Adapters for using SAX1 parsers with SAX2 and vice-versa; (5) Way too much JavaDoc documentation; (6) Public domain (even less restrictive than Open Source). SAX2 adds standard methods to query and award winning, set features and properties in an XMLReader. It is now possible to autobiography paper request an XML reader to validate (or not to essay validate) a document, or to internalize (or not to internalize) all names, using the getFeature , setFeature , getProperty , and setProperty methods. There is no fixed set of features or properties available for SAX2: implementors are free to define new features and properties as needed. All feature and property names are fully-qualified URIs (often URLs), such as; as with Namespace URIs, people should always define feature and property names based on URIs that they control. All XML readers are required to recognize the islam, and the features (see below), and to support a true value for the namespaces property and a false value for the namespace-prefixes property: these requirements ensure that all SAX2 XML readers can provide the minimal required Namespace support for higher-level specs such as RDF, XSL, XML Schemas, and XLink.

XML readers are not required to recognize or support any other features or any properties, even the core ones. [. Essay Award Winning! ] WRT SAX version 1: Of the core classes and interfaces, only Parser, AttributeList, DocumentHandler, and HandlerBase (which is really a helper anyway) are deprecated. All of the rest -- InputSource, Locator, EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ErrorHandler, SAXException, and SAXParseException -- are left untouched. [June 01, 1999] David Megginson has announced that an start autobiography research, alpha version of award winning SAX2 for tesis hukum, Java is now available for download. SAX2 is an update to the widely-implemented SAX 1.0 interface for XML parsers. Essay Winning! SAX2 consists of two parts: (1) a new, extensible mechanism for industrial application, querying and setting features and properties in SAX parsers in a standard way; and (2) a set of recommended core feature and property names.

SAX Home Page, and Microstar mirror site [May 12, 1998] Announcement for the public release of SAX 1.0. See: [May 14, 1998] SAX Parsers and essay award winning, Applications Quick Start for SAX Application Writers [September 25, 1999] SAX C/C++ Implementations: I have just successfully completed a C++ implementation of SAX/SAX2 and DOM, based upon expat. Currently I'm in the process of testing the need help, whole thing ;). Eventually I will make it available to the public; however, some parts of the implementation use my company's proprietary C++ class library, so certain things need to essay award be sorted out start research, first. Feel free to contact me for more information. Guenter Obiltschnig, Sat, 25 Sep 1999 20:11:21 +0200, XML Developers' List. Update 2000-08-10: the XML class library for award, C++ is now available as open source at saxlib, a Python version of SAX, with drivers (Lars Marius Garshol) [April 27, 1998] For developers only: SAX 1.0 beta, almost ready for announcement. Thesis! [April 10, 1998] For developers only: test re-release beta version of SAX, and demo which does the essay winning, identity transform What is an Event-Based Interface? By David Megginson. Draft Interface Specification for need help argumentative essay, SAX [March 20, 1998] , per the posting from David Megginson SAX - Simple API for XML.

The SAX API was developed collaboratively during a month (December 1997 - January 1998) of discussion on the XML-DEV mailing list. SAX is award a simple, common, event-based API for XML parsers written in object-oriented languages like Java, C++, or Perl5 (the reference implementation is in Java). SAX is similar in philosophy to JavaSoft's JDBC -- it allows you to write an application once, then plug in any XML parser that has a SAX driver, just as the JDBC allows you to plug in any SQL database that has a JDBC driver. See the main database entry, the announcement from David Megginson [980112], or the Microstar Web site. References for 'XML and Literate Programming' have been moved to essays morrison a separate document under the title SGML/XML and Literate Programming. This document provides a collection of references for literate programming techniques and style in the context of descriptive markup languages, e.g. , SGML, XML, DSSSL, HyTime, etc. Numerous researchers have observed that the essay, goals of information re-use and data normalization embraced by both literate programming and SGML-based markup languages provide the basis for hukum islam, using the two technologies together.

GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) XML Library. References for 'XML and winning, Python' are provided in a separate document, XML and Python. XML in Microsoft Internet Explorer. A press release of October 13, 1998 clarified Microsoft's plans for XML support in cause essay the MS Windows operating system and in Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. 'XML 1.0, XSL, XML DOM, and XML Namespaces'. Support features as announced include: Direct viewing of essay award XML; High-performance, validating XML engine; Extensible Style Language (XSL) support; XML Schemas; Server-side XML; XML document object model (DOM).

Description of Microsoft's XML support is provided in a collection of references accessible from a separate document. [December 17, 1998] Sun Microsystem's Java Project X: Java Services for XML Technology is the critical morrison, new name for the Java services formerly released as the Sun XML Library. On December 01, 1998, this development project was renamed Java Project X, and moved to Early Access 2 with API updates, some speedup, and minor bug fixes. Java Project X is the codename for a set of winning core XML-enabling services written completely in the Java programming language. With Java Project X's extensible Java services, developers can build robust yet flexible XML-oriented network services and applications that are internet-ready. This release requires JDK 1.1.6 or later or JDK 1.2, and approximately 3.5M bytes of tesis islam disk space. Sun's Java services in this new release provide full XML processing capabilities, including a fast XML parser with optional validation, an essay award, in-memory object model tree that supports the W3C DOM Level 1 recommendation, and basic support for essays on beloved morrison, JavaBeans integration with XML. The development tools in the Java Project X are freely available, but one must register through the Java Developer Connection.

The second early access release is addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and fully conformant core XML software for their development. The library supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. The library is 'core' in essay award the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on industrial engineering essay top of essay it. That is, it is a building block for developers. According to the Release Notes, the Java Project X library conforms fully with open standards: 1) the parsers conform to critical on beloved morrison the W3C's XML 1.0 recommendation; 2) the parse tree supports the XML (core) part of W3C's DOM Level 1 recommendation; 3) in combination, the two also support the current W3C XML Namespaces proposed recommendation; 4) the parser supports the essay, SAX 1.0 API; 5) the effect, entity resolution used within the parser normally conforms to essay winning the IETF's RFC 2376 registration for XML-related MIME content types, [but] this can be overridden as required. [September 25, 1998] On September 16, 1998, Sun Microsystems, Inc. Need Help Argumentative! released an 'Early Access 1' version of The Sun XML Library. As described by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference, the award, XML Library is a highly modular XML library that has been developed by the Java Software Division of Sun. The XML library is tesis hukum pidana written in the Java programming language and provides support for the latest version (July) of the W3C DOM APIs and for essay winning, the SAX 1.0 API. The XML package includes fast validating and nonvalidating XML parsers, preliminary support for XML Beans , and examples, including an XML Validation Service . The September 16th version is the thesis differentiated instruction, first early access release, addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and fully conformant XML library core for their development of extensible, conformant XML-enabled services and winning, applications. That library supports fast parsing of tesis hukum XML documents, including optional validation, and supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. In addition, the core functionality supports an implementation of the W3C DOM APIs and the XML Namespaces proposal.

The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of award winning it. All classes are written exclusively in the Java[tm] language, and accordingly may be used with any JDK 1.1 conformant system, including JDK 1.2 conformant systems. Developers have expressed strong interest in seeing XML enabling technology emerge from Sun because of the key role Sun has played in islam developing the award, XML specification and in creating the Java platform. The Java technology's 'portable code' along with XML's 'portable data' are valuable complements in creating truly platform-independent applications. Critical Essays On Beloved By Toni! Through the early access release, developers have an award, unique opportunity to participate in defining and application essay, evolving the XML Library. [adapted from the XML Library 'README' and 'FAQ' documents] References: Java Project X Early Access 2 Release Notes Introduction README document FAQ Document. [local archive copy, 1998-09-25] Library Installation Developer feedback: [email protected] The Sun XML Library. Presented by David Brownell at essay award winning the Montréal XML Developers' Conference. How fast is Sun's XML parser included in the core toolkit?

In Sun's testing using JDK 1.1.6, the validating parser (doing lots of error testing) was significantly faster than the cause and/or essay, majority of the non-validating parsers tested and was an order of magnitude faster than other validating parsers. Of course, Sun's non-validating parser is faster still. [December 08, 1998] XML and Java Technology - An Interview with Dave Brownell. [Part One] From ['The Source for essay award, Java Technology']. Application Essay! December, 1998. XML, the eXtensible Markup Language, is the universal syntax for award winning, describing and hukum, structuring data independent from essay winning application logic. This past February, XML 1.0 became a Technical Recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). From this milestone, numerous applications of XML are popping up far and wide - and more often than not they're using Java technology. Need Help Writing Argumentative Essay! We asked David Brownell, designer of award winning Sun's Java Project X, for some perspective. [Excerpt:] Q: Is there some special, natural affinity between Java technology and XML? A: You bet. Java software is portable code . XML is portable data.

By themselves, neither of these technologies provides such a solution. Writing! To get portable data, you need to pick a representation that is usable in most programming languages . like XML, which is structured text. To get portable behavior, you need a maintainable program standard that runs on most computer systems . like Java language class files. Winning! Use Java and autobiography research, XML together, and you get both. Essay Award! . . A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J) Collaborative project for thesis differentiated, A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J). Essay Award! Includes: (1) Statement on Informal Work on a Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J), and (2) Collected Suggestions -- ideas for post XAPI-J 1.0 W3C XML/XLL/XSL Working Groups and SIGs. Generally, documents produced by W3C editorial boards, working groups, and SIGS are available only to W3C members. See, however: XML Development: Technical Documents and Development Resources.

Comparison of writing argumentative essay SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for winning, XML. Help Essay! [local archive copy] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from XML co-editor Tim Bray. This resource presents the unaltered text of the XML specification in one pane (frame) of the display, augmented by graphically distinct note markers of five types: (1) Historical or cultural commentary; some entertainment value; (2) Technical explanations, including amplifications, corrections, and answers to Frequently Asked Questions; (3) Advice on how to use this specification; (4) Examples to illustrate what the essay winning, spec is saying; (5) Annotations that it's hard to find a category for. A second pane provides the text of the commentary for each linked annotation. The resource also features a linked list of Terms Defined in XML 1.0, and links to relevant sections of the XML specification from a list of EBNF productions. The annotations (some 308) are accessible from their titles as well. [March 26, 1999] Supplementary Resources and Tools - A collection of additional resources, not found in the book [ The XML Specification Guide ], that are useful for understanding the XML specifications and using XML. These include [1999-03-26]: (1) A searchable index of all XML specifications (2) A searchable index of EBNF productions (3) A set of cause effect essay XML design patterns -- based on the approach of the same name introduced in object oriented design -- applied here to modeling document architecture; (4) Extracted EBNF for XML - defines, along with the well-formedness and award winning, validity constraints, the rules for writing well-formed or valid XML documents; (5) A list of useful online resources.

[February 10, 2000] Hyperlinked EBNF Productions Available for XML Standards. A recent posting from Dan Vint reports on a new Web site which contains all the EBNF productions, validation and well-formedness constraints for the following specifications: XML, Namespaces, XPath, XSLT, XPointer, XML Stylesheet PI, and XML Fragments. Hukum Islam! I have linked together information where the Namespaces or Fragments specification have modified the basic XML productions and I have included all of the constraints for each of these productions. Award! The symbols within the productions are linked to their descriptions and all the references to a production are also listed so you can follow the logic in both directions. The menu on tesis hukum islam the left side needs a little time to build, but once available you can get to any production in alphabetical order by essay the specification. Let me know what you think about the site and start autobiography research, if there is anything I should add. [October 01, 1998] Stylesheet Linking. Associating Stylesheets With XML Documents . Winning! Version 1.0 WD-xml-stylesheet-19981001. Edited by James Clark.

World Wide Web Consortium Working Draft 1-October-1998. Effect! This document allows a stylesheet to be associated with an XML document by including one or more processing instructions with a target of xml-stylesheet in the document's prolog. Pseudo-attributes are used in a processing instruction (href, type, title, media, charset, alternate), or in multiple xml-stylesheet processing instructions. Award! Examples: ?xml-stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? and ?xml-stylesheet alternate=yes href=mystyle.css title=Medium type=text/css? . [local archive copy] XML Catalog proposal.

By John Cowan. This is a proposal for XML Catalogs, a system based on SGML/Open catalogs (Socats) for translating XML public identifiers to thesis instruction XML system identifiers, which are Uniform Resource Identifiers [URI]. Note (1999-04-06): 'XCatalog' is now called 'XML Catalog'. [May 11, 1998] An earlier proposal [see preceding item] for a standard mechanism to associate a stylesheet with an XML document by means of an XML processing instruction is documented in a recent W3C NOTE, Associating Stylesheets with XML Documents. The NOTE, authored by James Clark, has been submitted to the W3C at essay award the request of the XML Working Group. The proposed syntax and semantics are analogous to the HTML LINK element used to identity stylesheets, as illustrated in the following example: LINK rel=stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css ?xml:stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? . The XML processing instruction uses pseudo-attributes like href, type, title, etc. The examples shown in essay the NOTE are for CSS client-side stylesheets. Winning! Document identifier: NOTE-xml-stylesheet-19980405, W3C Note 5 Apr 1998. [local archive copy] [December 01 [13], 1997] Announcement from James Clark for a test suite of files for XML processors. The collection of hukum XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 small files that (in my view) fail to essay winning be well-formed XML documents, and should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to cause and/or essay report a fatal error.

See: Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. Essay Winning! Also updated apparently February 9, 1998; [local archive copy] [April 03, 1998] David Megginson's book Structuring XML Documents (1998) devotes all of Part 4: DTD Design with Architectural Forms to architectural forms. Specifically: Chapter 9. Architectural-Forms Concepts; Chapter 10. Tesis! Basic Architectural-Forms Syntax; Chapter 11. Essay! Advanced Architectural-Forms Syntax.

[June 10, 1998] XAF is XML Architectural Forms Processor. Differentiated Instruction! Accompanying David Megginson's XAF software package is detailed, tutorial-oriented documentation about XAF and award, architectural forms (Using the XAF package for Java), appropriate for both XML document designers and XML software designers. Adding Strong Data Typing to SGML and XML, by Tim Bray. May [21,] 1997. Essay! archive copy, May 21, 1997; or: previous archive copy, May 15, 1997]. Note: Jean Paoli of essay award Microsoft has submitted a related proposal in start research paper connection with the XML discussion XML for winning, Structured Data [December 06, 1997] Why I Demand Schemata: Element Type Hierarchies for Transparent Document Structure Definition. By Henry S. Thompson (Language Technology Group, University of Edinburgh). Draft date: October 15, 1997. Overview: In this paper I describe the need writing argumentative essay, XML-Data schemata proposal, concentrating on the motivation for and nature of the provision of an award winning, element-type hierarchy, in which element types can inherit attribute declarations and positions in and/or content models from ancestors in the hierarchy.

I argue that this represents a major improvement over the use of parameter entities to structure and maintain DTDs. [local archive copy] [April 24, 1998] xml:lang resources for parser writers. Contributed by Murray Altheim (Sun Microsystems, SunSoft). Currently there are XML versions of files providing the ISO 639 (language), ISO 3166 (country), and IANA charset values required for support of the essay winning, xml:lang attribute values in XML 1.0. Please direct comments and industrial, corrections to essay award winning Murray Altheim. These 'xml:lang resources' will be made available later on tesis hukum pidana islam Sunsite. See other language-code information in the dedicated section, Names of Languages - ISO 639. [May 08, 1998] The 'standalone document declaration' in XML 1.0. Some questions were raised about its design/use in the XML 1.0 specification. See the collection of XML-DEV postings. [October 02, 1997] Architectural Forms handout from a presentation Java Beans and Architectural Forms, (August 21, 1997 - XML Dev Day), by David Megginson: Proposal: Architectural Forms for XML. See the accompanying XML-DEV posting (October 2, 1997); [archive copy] [December 13, 1997] Architecture processing in XML: at the WG4 meeting in Alexandria, Virginia (December 1997), WG4 N1957 was accepted as the essay award winning, proposed text of an amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997 (HyTime).

As a subclause to Annex A.3 (A.3.4.4 Architecture Use Declaration Processing Instruction), the proposed architecture use declaration (arch) processing instruction would provide an alternative form of architecture use declaration for use in environments where notations or data attributes are not supported. The amendment was sponsored by Charles F. Tesis Hukum Pidana Islam! Goldfarb, Steven R. Newcomb, W. Essay Award Winning! Eliot Kimber, and Peter Newcomb. See the related posting by start autobiography research paper Eliot Kimber Architectures, Schemas, and XML: Proposed Amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997, with followup by David Megginson. Essay Winning! [N1957, local archive copy] [November 01, 1997] A new submission to the W3C from paper Electricité de France, Research and Development Division. The STTS2 submission for Simple Tree Transformation Sheets 2 would in principle govern the transformation of essay award well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser. The submission abstract: This document describes a proprietary specification of Electricité de France. It specifies the format of STTS2 transformation rules that can be applied to a HTML document (without CSS styles) in order to take advantage of the Cascading Style Sheets and cause and/or effect, remove deprecated HTML elements or attributes in favor of award CSS. Cause! Even if the specification deals only with HTML, this kind of transformation, or an extension of this specification, can be easily applied on the fly to award well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser without any XML plug-in or internal knowledge. The grammar of this specification is mainly based on the CSS2 grammar and cause effect essay, extends it in some ways.

[December 18, 1997] Reports from the W3C SGML ERB to the SGML WG and from the W3C XML ERB to the XML SIG. Complied by winning C. M. Instruction! Sperberg-McQueen for the use of the WG and essay award, SIG. Covers October 9, 1996 through December 1, 1997. Date: 4 December 1997. Essays By Toni! [local archive copy] [June 19, 1997] A proposal written by essay John Tigue of DataChannel for collaborative effort toward XML Java API Standardization. The document title is critical by toni Informal Work on XML API Standarization for Java. Since the announcement of this proposal, other leading XML developers have registered their willingness to cooperate.

The proposal's first goal is to award find a lowest common denominator for the current implementations and abstract that to thesis differentiated instruction a set of interfaces such that a developer could use this new API independent of an underlying implementation of the XML processor and/or invest in learning the winning, particular benefits a specific implementation provides. See: [January 23, 1998] SGML Exceptions and XML, by Eve Maler (ArborText) - briefly describes SGML exceptions (inclusions and exclusions) and discusses how 'exception users' can handle their DTDs and data in XML, which does not allow exceptions. See the database section: Use (and Non-use) of Exceptions in DTDs. [July 26, 1997] XML-ized ISO 8879 entity sets, by Rick Jelliffe of Allette Systems.

The postings were made to tesis islam the XML Development list. A typical header comment: This version of the entity set can be used with any SGML document which uses ISO 10646 as its document character set. This includes XML documents and ISO HTML documents. This entity set uses hexadecimal numeric character references. Please report any errors to Rick: [email protected] The entities mapped to hex are in essay award the following files: ISOgrk4.pen, ISOtech.pen, ISOdia.pen, ISOlat1.pen, ISOgrk1.pen, ISOlat2.pen, ISOgrk2.pen, ISOnum.pen, ISOgrk3.pen, ISOpub.pen. Available in a concatenated file, or archived as separate files in a .ZIP package. Note the disclaimer. See also the alternate source for XML entity sets, from James Tauber.

XML BNF, generated by Henry S. Essays On Beloved By Toni! Thompson [March 7, 1997] [August 29, 1997] David G. Durand's Five Paragraphs on 'Whitespace in XML', posted to XML-DEV. See also the discussion thread: Revised SGML Declaration for XML 1.0, submitted by Rick Jelliffe [June 27, 1997]. Probably out-of-date. TEI Extended Pointers (Links) tutorial, by Lou Burnard. February 4, 1997. Essay Winning! Part 2 of the tesis hukum, XML specification (link) is based in part upon essay award this TEI extended pointer syntax. If you prefer, see this unofficial archive copy as a single-file document. See also chapter 14 of the tesis hukum, TEI Guidelines, and the alternate location of the tutorial on the UIC TEI server, as a single document. [August 28, 1997] Steve DeRose on TEI Extended Pointers vs.

XML-LINK. Clarifies the award, relationship. XML Notes by Dan Connolly,W3C SGML ERB member, and W3C contact for the XML effort. Python module for need, XML, Perl script for checking XML well-formedness [], Converting XML to Lout, XML Typing, XML Modules, etc. Date: 1997/05/22. W3C Notes - Some thoughts and software on XML, by Bert Bos. A simpler XML.

Date: May 23, 1997. [August 09, 1997] ADT and Marshalling for XML, by Bert Bos. Essay Award Winning! Abstract: This is an attempt at defining XML ( i.e. , XML proper, not the essay, meta-grammar for defining XML applications, nor the hyperlinking conventions) in a formal, mathematical way, that hopefully takes away all ambiguity as to what an XML document contains, or what the relation is between the winning, document and its linearized, textual representation. Tesis Hukum Pidana Islam! [archive copy] [October 23, 1998] XML and Semantic Transparency. By Robin Cover. [op - comments requested] The notion of XML conformance is addressed directly in essay award winning the XML specification (Version 1.0, REC-xml-19980210) section 5. Thesis Differentiated! Conformance, which includes a discussion on 5.1 Validating and Non-Validating Processors and another on award winning 5.2 Using XML Processors. Information on the OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee and Testing and Validation Resources is provided in a separate document.

See the XML/XSL/XLink Software entries in the Public Software section of the SGML/XML Web Page for more complete descriptions of these tools. The software tools listed below are free or available for tesis hukum islam, use under nominal constraints, sometimes as evaluation/demo versions. Essay Winning! Software tools specific to XLink and to XSL are listed in tesis hukum pidana their respective sections. Award! Some 'query language' tools are referenced in the document XML and argumentative essay, Query Languages. Commercial XML/XSL/XLink software support is essay winning provided by the vendors, of course. For other listing of XML software tools, see also: Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , the Free XML Tools and hukum, Software from Lars Marius Garshol [ANN], and the XML Software Guide from WDVL. A list of essay winning SAX 1.0 Parsers and Applications is available on David Megginson's Web site. [ This section under revision ] [January 14, 2001] How to validate XML.

This is need help argumentative not an award, XML parser, but a note of potential importance to developers contemplating XML parser design. From Joe English. XML validation is an instance of the regular expression matching problem. The most commonly-used technique to solve this problem is based on engineering application essay finite automata. There is another algorithm, based on derivatives of regular expressions, which deserves to be more widely known. In this connection, see the discussions referenced in SGML/XML Notion of Ambiguity (non-deterministic content models). Ælfred XML Parser.

From Microstar. A small, fast, DTD-aware Java-based XML parser, especially suitable for use in Java applets. Free for both commercial and non-commercial use. Essay Award Winning! Updated to version 1.2 May 02, 1998. [Updated to version 1.1: 980309]. [cache copy] Larval. Larval is a validating XML processor built on industrial engineering application the same code base as Lark. Award Winning! From Tim Bray. [October 06, 2000] expat - XML Parser Toolkit.

See the announcement for the release of version 1.2 [2000-10-06]; see also two entries following. expat is a high-performance, fully conforming, non-validating XML 1.0 parser toolkit written C. Described by critical essays by toni Clark Cooper 1999-09-03. Comes with Win32 binaries and an xmlwf application. Test version 19990626 supports parsing external DTDs and parameter entities. Updated to version 1.1 29-May-1999. Pre-1.1 test release 1999-04-25. From James Clark, released 980405. Updated to version 1.02, January 11, 1999. Essay Award! Version 1.0, August 14, 1998 (first production release). Previously updated June 21, 1998; Updated May 14, 1998; and updated 19980504. Need Help Essay! expat is the successor to essay winning xmltok.

See the by toni morrison, description on Clark's server, or in the software page. Note 2000-07, The Thai Open Source Software Center as a source for expat. [July 02, 2000] expat - 12-May-00 01:11 145k [cache] [October 05, 2000] expat development on winning SourceForge. Cause And/or! According to a note from Clark Cooper: Maintenance of the expat XML parser has been delegated by James Clark to a team that includes James, Fred Drake, Paul Prescod, and [Clark Cooper]. SourceForge is essay award hosting this project. [March 21, 2002] A posting from Dare Obasanjo of Microsoft announces the research paper, release of essay MSXML 4 SP 1 (Microsoft XML Core Services).

This version 40SP1 (14-March-2002) release offers a number of new features and improvements over the MSXML 3.0, including support for the XML Schema language and substantially faster parser and XSLT engine. MSXML 4.0 SP1 is a complete replacement for MSXML 4.0 RTM. [July 21, 2001] Microsoft XML Parser (MSXML) 4.0 July 2001 Technology Preview. The Beta 2 release offers a faster SAX and XSLT, complete XSD, etc. Tesis Pidana Islam! XSD validation with SAX; XSD validation with DOM, using the schemaLocation attribute. DOCTYPE replacement using a Java FilterReader/FilterStream. From Simon St.Laurent. DOCTYPEChanger and DOCTYPEChangerStream are Java classes that allow you to change the DOCTYPE declarations as a document is being read into an XML parser. This may be useful in several cases: (1) You want to add a default DOCTYPE declaration to documents that arrive without one to feed them to a validating parser. (2) You want to test documents against a different DOCTYPE declaration than the one they arrived with. (3) You want to prevent document creators from making changes to the DOCTYPE your application understands. These classes allow you to set a root element, public identifiers, system identifiers, and an internal subset independently, and also let you specify whether the DOCTYPE declaration should be changed if present. ['It's not real sophisticated, but you might want to winning check out my DOCTYPEChanger, which lets you specify a DOCTYPE. Autobiography Research Paper! It's a Java FilterReader (or FilterStream) which strips out the old DOCTYPE (if you insist) and puts in winning a new one.

You can put it in front of an XML parser if you want, or just run documents through it.'] ElCel Technology XML Validator. The ElCel Technology XML Validator is a free command-line utility built using our C++ XML Toolkit. As its name implies, this is a validating XML processor. Research Paper! It contains complete and up-to-date support for XML 1.0 (second edition and errata) and XML Namespaces. Essay Winning! It has been designed to highlight some of the strengths of the essays, underlying XML Toolkit, allowing you to judge its speed and accuracy for essay award winning, yourself. Features include: fast and accurate, proven against the OASIS/NIST conformance suite; XML catalog support for resolution of public identifiers; any number of essay files can be validated in essay one go; validating or well-formedness mode; will report and recover from multiple errors, even 'fatal' ones; user-friendly error messages with optional location arrow; options to support batch processing; input can be via pipes, the local file system or HTTP URLs; freely available for critical essays, both Windows and Linux. See the online manual.

Canonical XML Processor. The ElCel Technology Canonical XML Processor is a free command-line utility built using the SAX 2.0 interface of our C++ XML Toolkit. It implements the winning, canonicalization algorithm as described by the W3C's Canonical XML recommendation. It also implements the paper, original Canonical XML specification from James Clark. This is a very useful program for converting valid XML with a DTD into essay award a standalone document.

We also use it internally to check the conformance of our XML Toolkit against the OASIS/NIST conformance tests. ObjectStore XML Parser - Microsoft's Java-based XML Parser integrated with ObjectStore PSE PSE Pro for Java. XJParser From DataChannel. Also has advanced query language support through emerging W3C standards support like data typing, XSL pattern matching, and tesis hukum pidana islam, node transformation. The DataChannel - Microsoft XML Parser for Java (Beta 2). Includes a validating XML engine, XSL support, and transformations of data. December 1998 and later.

See the FAQ document. [May 07, 1999] Redistributable 'Microsoft XML Parser' - Microsoft Corporation announced the release of the Microsoft XML Parser for incorporation by third-party developers into their applications. DataChannel XML Development Environment (DXDE) and DXP XML Parser. DXP is a validating XML parser written in Java. It is specifically aimed at providing a utility for server-side applications that need to integrate XML capabilities into winning existing systems and for out-of-the-browser Java-based software. Updated 980211 or later. IBM XML for Java. XML for industrial essay, Java is a validating XML parser written in 100% pure Java.

The package ( ) contains classes and methods for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. Last updated 1999-02-10 (version 2.0.0). Updated July 28, 1998 for bug fixes, new samples, additional command line options, and updated API documentation. Released with a free commercial license Version 1.0.0 June 23, 1998. Essay Award! Updated 19980612. Previously updated May 13, 1998, and updated 1998-04-16. [December 07, 2000] miniXML parser. David Cox presents a tree-based miniXML parser for XML that is critical essays on beloved by toni morrison written in C++ using the essay award, Standard Template Library for strings and various containers.

The parser works with canonical XML, and is very fast, though limited to smaller XML documents. See the January 2001 issue of thesis differentiated instruction Dr. Dobb's Journal . Award Winning! With code listings and the complete and source code; [cache listings, [cache sources] [June 29, 1999] XML Parser for the C++ Language (XML4C). Pidana Islam! IBM alphaWorks' XML4C is a validating XML parser written in a portable subset of C++. XML4C makes it easy to give an essay award winning, application the ability to read and write XML data. It is a single shared library that provides classes for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. XML4C is faithful to the XML 1.0 Recommendation and critical essays on beloved by toni morrison, associated standards (DOM 1.0, SAX 1.0). Source code, samples and API documentation are provided with the parser distribution. Version 2.2.0 released 1999-06-25.

Version 2.3.1 released August 26, 1999. SP Parser. SP 1.3.4 released 1999-10-13. SP version 1.3 has better support for XML based on the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. SP adds support for (XML) documents that are merely well-formed. This is enabled by using -wno-valid . There's also a -wxml switch that warns about various things that are legal SGML but not XML. Update 971013: test release of SP with much more XML support.

xmlwf - Clark's XML well-formedness checker, [now] part of XMLTok. A program built with the XML tokenizer that checks the well-formedness of XML entities. Winning! See: [971201] And, note that the WebTechs' Validation Service now supports 'XML' - (possibly using this code?). XXX: eXperimental Xml leXer - from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica). Research Paper! experimental software. the basic idea of XXX is that XML can be parsed using a recursive descent parser made from essay a highlyparameterized general-purpose lexical analyser. See also XXX Notation Processors. Sun Java Project X [XML Library] parser - a fast XML document parser with optional validation in industrial engineering application essay the core of the Sun Java Project X toolkit. OpenXML Parser - Version 1.0.5 introduces the essay winning, X3P Publisher API, provides support for XHTML 1.0, and critical essays on beloved morrison, offers and major performance improvements.

[February 24, 2000] Java pull parser built on award winning SAX. This (XP) package contains a wrapper that converts a pushing SAX parser into a pulling parser and cause and/or effect essay, some related classes. Namespace support added 2000-01. From Stefan Haustein. John Cowan announced the availability of a preliminary version of DOMParser (alpha source code). DOMParser is a compliant SAX parser, except that its input (elements, attributes, and so on) comes from a DOM implementation rather than an InputSource (XML source code). Silfide XML Parser (SXP), a parser and a complete XML API in Java. Withe other client.server components. XSilfide is essay award a client/server.

P. Bonhomme: I have developed an XML Parser in autobiography Java and a tree based API which works fine. I have implemented the whole XML 1.0 (REC 10-02-1998), the XML Namespaces (WD 27-03-1998, the Document Object Model Level 1 (DOM Core and XML, WD 16-04-1998) and both XML links and XML pointers. Updated 980731. RXP - RXP, a GPL'd validating XML parser in essay C. Start! The parser program reads and award winning, parses XML from the (or standard input if none is provided) and writes it to standard output, optionally expanding entities, defaulting attributes, and translating to a different output encoding. On Beloved Morrison! Available also with MSDOS/Windows32 binaries. Version 1.0.7 released May 1999. Version 1.0 released 1999-02-17. Essay Winning! See also the LT XML entry.

Updated 980526, and previously 980216. Xparse: A JavaScript XML Parser - work in critical on beloved by toni morrison progress; in JavaScript (ECMAScript). Watch for essay award, 'Sparse, a companion XSL parser.' Updated 980219. HXP - Hubick's XML Parser. 'Work in progress' by Chris Hubick as of help argumentative essay July 23, 1998. See the associated 'HXA - Hubick's XML Analyzer' tool. Sam Blackburn's freeware C++ XML parser. In the WFC package (Win32 Foundation Classes). In Release 35, entity resolution was added to the XML classes. XMLCheck - a new sample utility that loads an XML file and tells you if it is valid or not.

XMLParser class and essay winning, xmllib module in the Python distribution. Expat (XML Parser Toolkit) Module for Ruby. The XML Parser Module for Ruby uses James Clark's expat XML toolkit, Version 1.0. It has two kinds of interfaces (event handler and industrial application, iterator) and supports several encodings (UTF-8 and UTF-16, and with the 'Uconv' module, EUC-JP, Shift_JIS, and essay, ISO-2022-JP). Version 0.3.3 description. RUWF - XML well-formedness Syntax Checker with HTML interface, from Built with Tim Bray's Lark parser.

XML Syntax Checker - from Frontier 5. Use the blox XML parser based on expat, or the Frontier 5.1.3 built-in XML parser to check well-formedness of an need help argumentative, XML document. 'XML-by-hand' (a (non-validating) XML parser written in Java) and parser take two (variant of the earlier parser above which may be more suitable for certain kinds of essay award XML data . . And/or Essay! .). Essay Award! XML software from Bert Bos. ISO-to-UTF [UTF-8 or UTF-16] XML Conversion Tool. From Richard Goerwitz, Brown University, STG. Use this utility to convert an existing XML document in an ISO format ( e.g. Critical On Beloved Morrison! , ISO-8859-1) to UTF-8 or UTF-16. To facilitate autodetection of the document's existing format (as per appendix F to the W3C XML spec), please be sure to winning prepend a valid XML declaration to your document.

See the Open eBook Validator from Brown University, Scholarly Technology Group. The Open eBook Validator, a free service provided by Brown University's Scholarly Technology Group (STG) and cause essay, NuvoMedia, Inc. HEX - The HTML Enabled XML Parser. From Anders Kristensen (HP Labs, Bristol). HEX is a simple, 100% Java, non-validating XML parser with some hooks for mostly correct parsing of essay award HTML pages. It doesn't understand either SGML or XML DTD's but the parser API allows the application to control its operation in tesis hukum ways that facilitate HTML parsing.

It implements the DOM core level one API and the SAX event-driven API. Essay Award Winning! The HEX parser is freely available, with source code for non-commercial use. It comes with a couple of sample applications. See: the HEX main page. Delphi XML parsers.

1) CUESoft version ['CUESoft is offering free Delphi and ActiveX XML components for paper, a limited time. . . CUESoft will be adding XML capability to its powerful CUEBase database for essay award winning, providing the ability to index and search large XML document databases']; 2) ICOM Datenverarbeitungs GmbH 'XML Parser Component for engineering essay, Delphi'. . . the first version of essay award a XML Parser component for the Borland Delphi development environment. The current version supports all major features of the help argumentative essay, XML standard. We will enhance the component to support the full XML standard as soon as possible. Contact: [email protected] Whisper Mac/Win32 C++ application framework - 'The Esoterica [layer] includes automata classes, a regular expression class, a compression class (based on zlib), a simple text parser, a more complex parser (it builds parse trees), and award, a validating XML parser.'

MuXML - An XML Document Multiplexor. Start Autobiography Research Paper! MuXML is a prototype Perl module that implements configurable multiplexing of award XML document streams accessed via the critical essays on beloved, LWPng module and parsed using the XML::Parser module. Its returns its results using the XML::Grove module. Its primary purpose is to award serve as a demonstration of the use of non-blocking design approaches with XML and Perl. . Critical! . MuXML is a demonstration of the essay winning, utility of the partial parsing capability that Clark Cooper added to the 2.22 release of help writing essay XML::Parser. From Gabe Beged-Dov. [local archive copy] PHP XML Parser Functions. PHP - Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP Version 3.0 is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly. See the PHP Manual [Section] XLVIII.

XML Parser Functions. This PHP extension implements support for James Clark's expat in PHP. This toolkit lets you parse, but not validate, XML documents. It supports three source character encodings also provided by essay winning PHP: US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and differentiated, UTF-8. UTF-16 is not supported. Essay Award Winning! This extension lets you create XML parsers and then define handlers for start paper, different XML events.

Each XML parser also has a few parameters you can adjust. See further the PHP3 Manual. Erlang XML parser. - (pre) release of an experimental XML parser. . . Winning! This parser has 5 Erlang modules. By Joe Armstrong. Industrial Application! ['Erlang is a concurrent functional programming language suitable for implementing large systems with soft real time demands.'] XML Document Editing, DTD Editing, Stylesheet Editing, Formatting, Browsing, and Delivery Tools. XML in MS Internet Explorer - XML Browser support in Internet Explorer. XML in Mozilla - XML Browser support in Netscape. XED - A WYSIWYG XML instance editor. From Henry S. Thompson, 980318. Updated 1999-09-13 [FreeBSD, Linux, WIN32, and Solaris 2.5 versions].

Updated to version 0.5 1999-07-20 [local archive copy]. Updated to beta July 12, 1998. Updated to 'final alpha' 980427. Updated to alpha version 980402. XML Editing Mode in PSGML. XML patches from David Megginson. Version 1.2.0 (XML support, beta) 1999-10-13.

See: 'PSGML Tricks', by Bob DuCharme. . . . [including] an Acrobat file with the 99-page chapter on using Emacs with PSGML, the SGML/XML mode for winning, Emacs. The Web page also has a link to a page of PSGML tricks contributed by various users, and I'm always happy to add new ones. [1999-10-14] Kai Grossjohann described a problem with incompatible system identifiers when using psgml to edit XML documents; David Megginson supplied the lisp code for a provisional fix. Note: Unicode encoding for GNU Emacs - If your file is encoded in industrial engineering UTF-8, you can use the Unicode encoding package for Emacs ( otfried/Mule/) so that characters beyond US-ASCII are displayed properly. (I keep meaning to write a hook for psgml so that it can use the XML declaration to set the encoding automatically, but for now it's easy enough to essay winning use `C-x C-m c' before opening the file to set it manually. [XSL List] See the industrial engineering application, source for PSGML version 1.2.2. [PSGML version 1.2.3, November 8, 2001, cache] [December 06, 1999] XFA Edit - An Advanced XML Editor. A new XML editing tool with source code is available, as announced: XML For All Announces XFA Edit, an Advanced XML Editor. Essay Award Winning! - XML For All, Inc. today announced the release of XFA Edit, an tesis pidana islam, advanced text editor for XML and award winning, HTML documents that runs under Microsoft Windows operating systems. Thesis Instruction! AuthorIT - According to the AuthorIT folks, the winning, next version, to application be released in about two weeks [ca 2001-01-19], is supposed to award winning have full XML output implementation. XRay from Architag International. (1) Can be used to create any XML document: [XML documents, XSL Stylesheets, XML Schemas, Document type definitions (DTD)]; (2) Support for application, XSLT: [XSLT transformation window updates with every keystroke See changes as you type Multiple windows are allowed for each XML document Full XPath support]; (3) Fully validating XML editor: [Verifies well-formedness, Validates structure according to essay award winning DTD, Validates structure and essays morrison, datatypes according to XML Data schema]; (4) HTML Viewing Window. Interactive Authoring and Display System (IADS). The IADS program distribution includes an XML DTD.

The IADS Software is award classified as a Class 3 IETM package, however, IADS has the critical essays on beloved by toni morrison, capability of producing a Class 4 and 5 IETM. IADS uses SGML as its underlying text format. WYSIWYG editing is now provided which allows text entry, graphic manipulation, tag insertion, and essay award winning, modification within the context of the critical by toni, formatted display. This mode is turned on or off using the 'Edit mode' option under the 'Authoring' menu. Award! The DTD (if specified in tesis islam the DOCTYPE) is loaded, processed, and its rules stored for use when inserting or editing tags in the document. The tag editor dialog box will only essay award allow tags and on beloved morrison, tag attributes to be inserted that are defined in the DTD. 'Currently [2001-10], IADS is the only software able to parse and award winning, display IETMs meeting MIL-STD-40051A.' Contact: [email protected] ([Neil Frazier] IADS / Publications Services, US Army AMCOM). jEdit for XML - jEdit has an easy to use interface that resembles that of many other Windows and MacOS text editors. jEdit is extremely customizable, and has an extensive feature set, that includes, among other things: Syntax highlighting for start research paper, 46 file types; Auto indent with support for intelligent indent in award winning Java, C and Python source; Search and start research paper, replace with support for regular expressions, and searching in award winning multiple files; Bracket matching; Abbreviations; Multiple clipboards; Rectangular editing; Split-window operation; Word wrap; Macro recording; BeanShell scripting. See also Thomas Passin's comments. XMetaL from SoftQuad Software.

Is shipping as of 1999-05-26. Was in beta (1999-03). [October 14, 2000] [Star Division / Sun] StarOffice. See StarOffice and XML for anouncement of source code and StarOffice XML DTDs. Earlier StarOffice entry (1999): The Sun product is application expected to support XML -- in light of a Webcast statement by Star Division's Marco Boerries to the effect that XML specifications created as part of the StarPortal initiative would be submitted to award winning the W3C, and that the APIs would be submitted to ECMA. An article by Stephen Shankland in CNET offers the same hint from an interview with Marco Boerries: In line with the plan to become more open, Star Office file formats eventually will become XML, and the standard for interacting with it will become published openly and contributed to the ECMA standardization group. Possible hints of some SGML pedigree in a couple help files: one shows that the color of SGML can be changed for display purposes, and another shows that SGML is in the glossary. [credits kd] Note: As of 2000-07, is the help, open source project through which Sun Microsystems is releasing the technology for the popular StarOffice productivity suite. a principal goal is the establishment of open, XML-based standards for winning, office productivity file formats and language-independent bindings to component APIs. [January 04, 2000] epcEdit - A full-featured SGML/XML editor, which makes extensive use of the TkSGML library included in the epcEdit package. The epcEdit package consists of: (1)the source code of epcEdit, which is and/or written entirely in Tcl/Tk. If you have some programming experience, it will be easy for essay award, you to adapt epcEdit to need help writing argumentative essay your needs; (2) the TkSGML widget library (binary) and award winning, documentation.

TkSGML is an thesis instruction, SP-based SGML system that could best be described as a generic toolkit for building integrated SGML applications. epcEdit supports Unicode for SGML and essay winning, XML documents; internally handles all data as UTF-8; Release 0.92 contains a very early version of tesis pidana a WYSIWYG editor for winning, CALS tables. Support for HTML tables will be added later. See the technical description. XMLware - Java based editor that ses the parser XML4J from IBM; a validating and specifying editor based on essays the DTD definition. Essay Winning! Download evaluation version. EditML - EditML is a windows based editor for creating well-formed/valid XML documents. The document can be a data file, schema file or a stylesheet. It is critical on beloved morrison based on Microsoft's MSXML parser conforming to XML specification 1.0 (W3C standard). By Saravanan Lakshmanan. DocZilla XML/SGML Browser. See the announcement for award winning, DocZilla SGML/XML browser for WinNT/95/98 and Linux [1999-06-03].

Envision XML - An industrial strength XML schema development tool. Has a fully graphical interface and on beloved morrison, a central data dictionary; well suited to larger development teams; designed to reduces the need to learn complex syntax. Contact: James Knowles. GO. GO is a [GNOME] word processor with a plugin system, hyphenation and justification, undo system, an xml file format, printing, and other features. From Chris Lahey. AbiWord - a full-featured word processor, he first application in a suite from AbiSource, Inc. which is developing a cross-platform, open-source office suite called AbiSuite. 'Why does AbiWord use XML as its native file format? Because we like XML.' See the AbiWord DTD, cache; also XML Schema for AbiWord Markup Language, cache. KWord - a Linux-based word processor that uses XML for its native file format. Essay Award! A FrameMaker-like wordprocessor of the KOffice. Frame oriented, not page oriented.

Morphon XML Editor, based on Java. Cause Effect Essay! From Lunatech Research. Beta 1 version 1999-06-28. Also: Documentor from award winning Excosoft AB. Evaluation version available for download. See screenshots. [September 30, 1999] Stilo recently announced an introductory offer [reduced price, 'try and buy'] for its Stilo WebWriter, described as a comprehensive editor for creating XML. sxml-mode for (X)Emacs. Tesis Islam! From Philippe Le Hégaret. This emacs mode uses psgml-1.0.1 and font-lock (with a Java Virtual Machine) to 'validate' XML documents with SAX (The Simple API for XML) in award winning Emacs.

LiveDTD. a perl program which converts an writing argumentative essay, SGML/XML Document Type Definition (DTD) into a hypertext document. Essay Award! See the announcement. Visual XML - alpha version 980406, designed to assist in the creation and editing of XML documents, including DTDs. From Pierre Morel. An application written in autobiography Java, with support for internationalization and customization ( e.g. , Metal, Windows, Motif interfaces) features. Adobe 'ReadXML' for award winning, FrameMaker Sample Code. 'ReadXML' is a sample plug-in that demonstrates reading XML into FrameMaker+SGML 6.0. This plug-in parses XML and outputs an SGML document. Thesis Instruction! The resulting SGML document is essay winning passed to FrameMaker+SGML's built-in SGML parser. Note opnly a sample as of 2001-01-05, not fully functional and will not correctly handle most XML files; its purpose is to illustrate how a developer could create a robust XML-based solution. XML Authority - a graphical design tool accelerating the cause and/or effect, creation and enhancing the award, management of schemas for XML.

With support for data typing, solutions for industrial application, data interchange and document oriented applications converge. XML Authority includes a toolset to essay award help convert existing application and document structures to thesis instruction schemas, defining the award, basis for critical on beloved, well formed XML documents and enabling valid XML. Essay Award Winning! Beta, 1999-03-25. Zveno Swish XML Editor - Swish is a non-validating XML document editor. It allows the user to view and autobiography research paper, edit a XML document in both a tree-mode and a document-mode simultaneously. Linux, Windows 95/98/NT and Macintosh PPC. Version 1.0 beta 1 released 1999-03-27.

Emilé - XML Editor for Macintosh. Essay Award! Version 1.0 1999-06-10. An introductory price of start research $79. A demo copy of the essay award, editor can be downloaded from the company's website. HyBrick SGML/XML Browser. HyBrick is an advanced SGML/XML browser developed by Fujitsu Laboratories, the research arm of engineering application essay Fujitsu. HyBrick is based on essay winning an architecture that supports advanced linking and formatting capabilities. Effect Essay! HyBrick includes a DSSSL renderer and XLink/XPointer engine running on top of James Clark's SP and Jade. See also the essay award, announcement. SixPack - an need help writing argumentative essay, open source code XML editor for essay award winning, Macintosh designed in REALbasic. includes an industrial application essay, XML parser (that complies to the XML 1.0 specification as a well-formed processor), a set of classes that emulate the DOM, and a variety of visual components for essay winning, editing and displaying XML documents. all in 100% native REALbasic.

Microsoft XML Notepad. A simple prototyping application for HTML authors and developers that enables the rapid building and editing of need help argumentative small sets of XML-based data. Validates instance against essay an XML DTD at industrial engineering essay load time. First released 980722. DTDGenerator - XML DTD Generator. From Michael Kay (ICL). SAXON DTDGenerator is a program that takes an XML document as input and produces a Document Type Definition (DTD) as output. The aim of the award, program is to give you a quick start in writing a DTD. [19980505.] Note 2000-01-05: DTDGen is now part of SAXON. DTDGenerator Frontend - A perl script written by critical essays by toni morrison Paul Tchistopolskii, as a frond end to Michael Kay's DTDGenerator. Near Far Designer. - An XML and SGML DTD authoring tool; visual, drag-and-drop interface.

tdtd - Emacs Major Mode for editing SGML/XML DTDs. Updated [version 0.7] March 15, 1999 or later. Previously updated (version 0.6) 980801. Previously updated (version 0.5) 980524. XML Spy - a professional validating XML editor that provides three integrated views on essay winning XML documents: an enhanced grid view for structured display and start autobiography research, editing, a low-level source view with syntax coloring, and an integrated browser view that supports CSS and XSL style-sheets. Award Winning! Detailed find, replace, and print options are available in all views.

Complete Unicode and character-set encoding support is included. XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets. MIOW browser - miow can render XML documents, using CSS style sheets; XSL is not yet supported [soon-to-be-released, 1998-08-26] XSL Authoring Studio, from ContentWare. Soon to be available in alpha version on the Web. Industrial Engineering Essay! It was demonstrated by Ray Cromwell and Shawn O'Connor at 'XML: The Conference' Developers' Day, March 27, 1998. The tool as shown also supported an XML document instance editor from which the XSL stylesheet editor may be launched. It uses Lark and DocProc.

XSLJ - Henry Thompson's XSL-to-DSSSL translator. Updated: 980112. PrismEd. A configurable metadata editor which will cope with structured metadata values; reads and writes RDF. Written in Java 1.1 (1.1.6), and can be run either as an applet or as an application. Announced 1998-09-05. Link - The tool ' Link is an XML-XSL-XLL browser'. Link is a simple application written in Java that allows a user to view XML documents with XSL stylesheets and XLL hyperlinking.

[April 09, 1998] JBX - Java XML Browser - JXB is a project to create a web browser in Java for the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Under development by Chris Hubick [now discontinued?]. [May 14, 1998] IRIS XML EDITOR, beta 1 and IRIS XML DTD GENERATOR, from innovation Partners and CEI (Cabinet d'études Informatiques). Demo/Beta-1-ware. Jade - DSSSL engine. The latest distributions include SP and other applications with XML support.

XML Flow Object Tree backend: The -t xml option makes empty elements and processing instructions use the XML syntax. Essay Award Winning! Jade 1.2.1 updated October 13, 1998. SGML/XML Kit - The SGML/XML Kit is a browser add-on that transforms SGML/XML documents into displayable entities; [it] is based on critical essays a DSSSL script engine. XML Application Environments, Development Toolkits, Conversion. SAX - the Simple API for award, XML.

SAX is start autobiography research a common event-based XML API now in use by many parsers and award winning, applications. Essays On Beloved Morrison! David Megginson is the project leader. See also the references above. Version 1.0 released May 12, 1998. SAX 2/Java (beta).

Released by David Megginson 2000-01-28. DAE SDK and DAE Server SDK (w/ XML processor for building groves from XML documents) - Copernican Solutions. [SAXDOM renamed 'FREE-DOM' as of 19980505] - see the following entry] SAXDOM - An implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API using Simple API for XML (SAX). From Don Park. See the main page.

Updated 980504 to essay winning support the 04/16/98 DOM spec. Differentiated! Updated 980406 to support the DOM specification of 03/18/98, WD-DOM-19980318. Docuverse DOM SDK. Essay Award! Supersedes FREE-DOM, above From Don Park. Docuverse DOM SDK is an implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API in Java. Formerly 'FREE-DOM' and before that, called SAXDOM. Updated September 06, 1998. Updated July 21, 1998 to support the DOM version of 19980720. C++ LGPL'ed Implementation of the Document Object Model (DOM) - From ÁNOQ of the Sun [Johnny Andersen]. 980818 DOM spec, . . . written for the Berlin project.

Berlin uses CORBA, but this DOM implementation can be used both with and without CORBA. . . . implements most of the core DOM API according to the DOM specification from 1998-08-18. There are still a few methods missing and some components doesn't behave correctly yet. Tesis Pidana! The document type components are not implemented yet. It should however be possible to build a usable DOM tree with this implementation. XML Testbed. An XML application environment written in Java. Essay Award! From Steve Withall. . uses an XML configuration file to define the (Swing-based) user interface; includes its own non-validating XML parser (though it can use any SAX parser instead), a nascent XSL engine (to the old submission standard - just in time to be out of need writing date), and a few other odds and ends.

SAXON - a Java class library for XML Applications. Winning! The SAXON package is a Java interface for processing XML documents. Thesis Differentiated Instruction! It provides a set of services that are particularly useful for applications performing XML- XML or XML- HTML transformations. From Michael Kay. Version 4.4, 1999-07-14; Version 4.3, 1999-06-15. Updated 1999-02-16. Earlier: Updated October 20, 1998. Updated September 01, 1998. Updated 980721 to use the new Free-DOM release of July 21, 1998.

Was updated 19980616. [Previously updated: 980513.] XAF - an XML Architectural Forms Processor. Award! XAF is a Java-based XML architectural forms processor that acts as both a SAX application and a SAX parser. Tesis! . . the client application sees the (virtual) architectural document instead of the actual XML document. From David Megginson. ExCost. ExCost is for 'Expat and award winning, Cost'. Uses an extension to TCL that allows it to start autobiography parse ESIS file and handle output in a event or tree driven behaviour. It provides about the same functionality as Cost [Copenhagen SGML Tool, from Joe English], but for XML. XML-DBMS - a set of Java packages you can use to transfer data between XML documents and relational databases.

DB2XML - a tool for transforming relational databases into XML documents. Delta XML - Monsell's standalone tools for comparing XML documents and comparing complex data in XML. identify and essay award winning, monitor changes to XML documents and data files. Similar tools from IBM alphaWorks: (1) XML Diff and Merge Tool; (2) XML TreeDiff. WebBroker: XML for Distributed Computing - under development by start research paper John Tigue. The goal is to come up with a unified software object model for the Web. Award Winning! See slides from XML'98 in Seattle and the database entry. PLSXML From Oracle. a set of PL/SQL-based XML utilities and demonstrations. Critical Essays On Beloved Morrison! The PLSXML Suite consists of: (1) DBXML - For generating rich, nested XML documents from essay award SQL queries; (2) DBDOM - For creating, parsing, traversing, and searching XML Documents using the Document Object Model API; (3) DBXSL - For generating a database-driven XSL stylesheet for a tree-rendering of data. LT XML - XML toolset.

LT XML is a set of C programs for manipulating XML files and a C application program interface (API) designed to ease the tesis hukum islam, writing of C programs which manipulate XML documents. Updated to version 1.0 980624. Previously updated 980508. OmniMark LE 4.0 Preview - a special early release (for Windows 95/NT only) that previews the enhanced XML functionality in the new, soon-to-be-launched full version of OmniMark 4.0; LE is award winning a free product. XML Script - an XML compliant language designed to handle XML with a minimum of tesis hukum overhead. X-Tract is a freely available XML Script processor.

From DecisionSoft Ltd. Contact: Paul Warren. [Notice posted for] a [script] conversion from winning RTF to industrial 'XML' [viz., SGML] that uses OMLE, rather like Rainbow, plus CALS tables support. The RTF2XML filter, formerly RTF2SGML, has been enhanced in version 0.4 for handling XML, including built-in support for Unicode RTF. Requires OmniMark or OmniMark LE from OmniMark Technologies, Inc. Award Winning! See RTF2XML, or the local archive copy. MajiX - Java compliant tool from Tetrasix, automatically transforms RTF files (Microsoft Word files) into XML. converts RTF styles and some document characteristics into a XML file conforming to a document type definition DTD. By Toni Morrison! The names of the tags may be changed by winning the user. Majix version 1.1 is the third release; it corrects some bugs from essays on beloved version 1.0 and winning, provides support for and/or, XSL through James Clark's XT. With online documentation. xtr2any - 'configurable filter, easy-to-use XML transcoder for prepress departments.' A Linux command or as a Win32 console application.

Download the (restricted) demo version. masterplan - a convertor generator; you'll need gcc, bison and flex or equivalents to build both the executable and the convertors. Version 0.0.1 (1999-03-29). From: Paul Janssens. XML Enabler - a Java Servlet that converts XML-tagged data into essay award HTML using different stylesheets for different browsers. From IBM. See the white paper, Accessing XML on the Client. XTAL (XML Translation for AntLr) is a general conversion tool for tesis hukum pidana, XML and SGML. ANTLR and Java serve as basis and description language. From Oliver Zeigermann.

MetaMorphosis - SGML/XML Tree Transformer. MetaMorphosis is a target-driven SGML/XML tree transformer that uses a declarative language. Ace utility program. Ace is essay award a freely available scripting language which allows powerful manipulation of SGML and XML documents. XTL - A C++ XML toolkit with DOM SAX support. OpenXML - An open source, pure Java, commercial-grade, fully featured framework for XML-based applications. OpenXML covers the entire cycle of XML documents production, processing and delivery for dynamic content publishing and application to application communication. Updated 1999-04-01.

Latex to XML Converter - This converter takes a latex file (*.tex) from your directory and outputs an hukum, XML file (*.html) to essay award winning the browser. The math modes in latex are converted to MathML (Mathematical Markup Language). To view the output, you will need to download the help argumentative, W3C test-bed browser Amaya. Essay Award Winning! From Ashes Dhanna Ganguly. Extensible Protocol (XP) - a bidirectional protocol on which XML documents are exchanged between two endpoints. The com.thinlink.xp package implements XP draft 00 using stream sockets and cause effect, the IBM xml4j processor. It uses an event-listener interface and essay award, the Document Object Model to send and receive XML documents. On Beloved Morrison! From Tom harding. Essay! Implements IETF 'draft-harding-extensible-protocol-00.txt'; [local archive copy].

See: Extensible Protocol. See also: XML tools in Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , SGML TOOLS - By Tool Category Main entry for W3C Recommendation 'Namespaces in XML' (REC-xml-names-19990114) and its commentary: Namespaces in start autobiography research XML A Proposal for Namespaces in XML, by Henry S. Essay Award! Thompson. Language Technology Group, HCRC, Edinburgh. Need Help! May 27, 1997. Award Winning! Overview: . . .a quite simple proposal for namespaces, lighter weight than those seen heretofore, but admittedly NOT valid SGML as things stand. I think its light weight, flexibility and functionality commend it. See also a free-form XML version submitted to the W3C SGML WG list. Hukum! [HTML mirror copy] [June 06, 1998] A Proposal to award winning Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML.

By Toru Takahashi. ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 N1987. Pidana Islam! 98-05-15. Supersedes WG8 N1873. Essay Award! From the critical essays, Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from essay award winning SGML's restriction on namespaces.

For element type names, SGML allows only one name space throughout a document. This restriction means, that if you intend to need writing essay design a new DTD, you have to be familiar with all the element types you wish to essay award use to thesis instruction construct the DTD, and have to select their names very carefully to avoid name conflicts. This lack of modularity makes difficult to use separately designed declaration sets (DTD fragments) in essay winning mixture to build up a complete DTD. For example, if you want to critical by toni use pre-defined declaration sets for 'tables' and 'math expressions' together to construct your own 'report' DTD, you have to essay examine whether there are any name conflicts between them or not. If there are any such conflicts, you have to modify several declarations. Pidana! This restriction in name space makes impossible to treat these declaration sets as public (read only) texts. Award Winning! Similar problems may occur on the parameter entity names. To solve these problems, I propose to engineering application essay introduce the concept of essay award winning 'Module' into cause and/or essay SGML. [local archive copy] [See preceding entry] Relative (also) to 'namespaces' in XML: A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML [namespaces], by Toru Takahashi.

12 November 1996. From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of award this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on tesis hukum name spaces. For element type names, SGML allows only one name space per document. . . [mirror copy], also available as Web Architecture: Extensible Languages. W3C Note 10 Feb 1998. NOTE-webarch-extlang.

By Tim Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly (W3C). This document is meant to be a fairly explanatory synthesis of the requirements for essay award winning, namespace extension in languages on autobiography research paper the web, and in winning particular for the general language planned to be the common basis of many future applications, XML. It was originally written as part of the 'Design Issues' series of notes. Whilst technically the start autobiography, personal opinion of the authors, it their best attempt as technical coordinators at outlining common architectural principles for W3C development. [local archive copy] xml-bind - XLinks from Types and Names. By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note 13 March, 1998 (Note-xml-bind-19980313). This document is a NOTE for discussion by award winning the W3C XML-related groups.

It is essay primarily an alternative to the namespace proposal and a contribution to defining XLink requirements. RDF and XML-data designers may also find it relevant. Essay Award! [Abstract:] Current linking systems are based on industrial engineering application essay links from elements ( i.e. , instances of element types in a document). This paper holds that several of the technologies under development by award the W3C working groups are better characterized as links from effect types and names. Essay Award Winning! Suggestions are made for a general architecture to handle this, and for how this can be integrated into XLink. Namespaces, parts of RDF, and SGML Open Catalogs are re-characterized as XLinks from help argumentative essay types and names. [local archive copy] A Cut and essay award winning, Paste Infrastructure for XML. By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note-xml-cnp-19980131, Note 1-February-1998. This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. It is a personal critique of autobiography research paper XML 1.0 PR, especially in the light of the namespace proposal, RDF and XML-data.

It may be seen as a contribution to user requirements for an XML 1.1. XML Cut'n'Paste is a proposal for various conventions which address many sophisticated uses in Extensible Markup Language (XML) while retaining true to its underlying model, as an application of SGML. [local archive copy] Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Essay Award Winning! Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and hukum pidana islam, SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML, in two variants: (a) one which takes advantage of the Extended Naming Rules Technical Corrigendum to ISO 8879, but does not make use of the winning, Web SGML Adaptations Annex; (b) one which takes advantage of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. [local archive copy] The new (informative) ISO 8879 Annex L: Added Requirements for XML illustrates the relationship of SGML declarations to start autobiography research 'added requirements' by means of a real-world example, XML. The annex has a prose application summary and award winning, sample SGML declaration. Some of the Recent Changes to ISO 8879 (Annex K, Web SGML Adaptations; also Annex L, Added Requirements for tesis hukum pidana islam, XML) are motivated by the goal of award bringing SGML and XML into alignment. See Bob DuCharme, SGML: Changing to research paper Accommodate XML. [July 19, 1998] Converting an SGML DTD to XML.

By Norman Walsh [ArborText]. Norm Walsh itemizes the steps in SGML-to-XML DTD conversion in a couple categories: Many of these changes are straightforward and, for essay award, a large number of SGML DTDs, they will be fairly easy to start autobiography research accomplish. . . There are also some changes that may have a large impact on essay the semantics of the DTD. Essay! Luckily, these are mostly infrequently-used SGML features so they don't turn up often in most DTDs. Also at [XML QA] (July 08, 1998). [September 17, 1999] XML/SGML: On the Web and Behind the Web.

By Alfred Attipoe and winning, Philippe Vijghen [The SGML Technologies Group]. In InterChange: Newsletter of the International SGML/XML Users' Group Volume 5, Issue 3 (July 1999), pages 25-29. There is some confusion as to when [to] use SGML and when to use XML. In this paper we argue that both have their rightful place in publishing systems. Essays On Beloved! We discuss the impact of the new Web technologies on publishing systems by clarifying the relationship between XML and SGML. We describe available features of both markup languages and evaluate them empirically, taking into consideration several distinct points of view. Essay Award Winning! Our analysis should help you decide which (SGML or XML) to use where (behind or on the Web). . . we argue that XML, devoid of SGML complexity, is ideally suited for the exchange and publication of need help writing essay documents/information on the Web.

However, XML lacks some features which are very useful when creating behind-the-Web systems where reqirements stress the essay award winning, need for expressive information models and hukum islam, data-processing functionality. SX , a converter from SGML to XML. Part of James Clark's SP parser toolkit; new in award the distribution of SP version 1.3 [980309]. SX converts SGML to cause and/or effect essay XML. SX parses and validates the SGML document contained in sysid. . . and essay award, writes an equivalent XML document to the standard output. SX will warn about SGML constructs which have no XML equivalent. [local archive copy]

Using an XML Audit to Move SGML Data towards XML. On Beloved Morrison! By Charlie Halpern-Hamu, Incremental Development, Inc. Presented at XML'98 in Chicago. This paper describes, at a technical level, how to assess the XML-readiness of your SGML data as a first step towards moving it towards XML. This paper suggests an essay winning, 'XML audit': a technical review of current markup practice with eye towards simplification. The goal of an critical by toni, XML audit is to essay winning understand which portions of your current SGML application are not XML.

The next step might be to start deemphasizing your use of those features. . Differentiated Instruction! . [November 06, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 1). By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 10 (October 1998), pages 9-10. DuCharme introduces his serialized article by noting that a DTD conversion might not be just a one-time affair, and by categorizing DTD editing/conversion tasks into ranked groupings. [December 09, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 2). By Bob DuCharme. Essay Award! In TAG Volume 11, Number 11 (November 1998), pages 5-7.

In this second part of a two-part TAG article, the author discusses SGML-XML DTD conversion in differentiated the case of mixed content models, RCDATA, CONREF, and essay winning, SUBDOC. SGML, XML, and HTML Document Components Compared. From a poster session, by Dennis J. O'Connor, Consultant, Mulberry Technologies, Inc. MicroStar Ltd. is developing a set of heuristics (and software) for automatic conversion of SGML DTDs to XML DTDs. Start Autobiography! Steph Tryphonas presented a paper on DTD Conversions at winning the Seattle XML '98 conference. TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum, Information Products Interchange) has provided a record of its recent efforts to XML-ize the essays by toni morrison, TIM Telecommunications Interchange Markup DTD, version 2.0.4. See provisionally the March 06, 1998 entries.

One now also encounters the phrase XML-compliant HTML . . . [May 13, 1998] W3C published a NOTE entitled XML in HTML Meeting Report. This report, edited by Dan Connolly (W3C) and award, Lauren Wood (SoftQuad), addresses a number of issues relating to the use of XML encoding within HTML documents. At a meeting of February 11-12, 1998 (San Jose, California, Sun Microsystems), participants from a variety of W3C working groups met to and/or effect essay discuss these issues, and in particular, concerns relating to the support of MathML and winning, RDF written in XML and intended to be used in HTML documents. The W3C NOTE (NOTE-xh-19980511, W3C Note 11 May 1998) summarizes the cause essay, discussion and conclusions of this meeting. [local archive copy] [July 27, 1998] IBTWSH (Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Simple Hypertext) DTD - from John Cowan. This is an XML DTD which describes a subset of HTML 4.0 for embedded use within other XML DTDs. It is by winning intention equivalent (within its scope) to -//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN, but is not a derived work in the copyright sense. [local archive copy, 980727] The development of new vocabularies and the design of start namespace syntaxes have increased public interest in registration authorities and authentication services which could be set up to manage name conflicts. Facilities are needed for support of globally-unique names, persistent links and resources, name (public identifier) resolution, mapping between public and system identifiers, etc. Online libraries/repositories with public text resources also present a strong desideratum.

Several initiatives for registries and essay award winning, repositories have been announced. A few of the critical on beloved by toni morrison, early initiatives which have been publicized are referenced in a separate document. References to literature on XML Media/MIME Types are held in a separate document. In the following lists of essay winning XML Examples and Non-Examples, a certain number of items in cause effect the former category undoubtedly will (come to) belong to the latter category, given the evolution of the XML specifications and other factors. Note also that most of the essay, proposed XML applications also contain sample XML documents and DTDs in the documentation. The XML Recommendation 1.0 (February 1998) in XML format.

The corresponding XML specification DTD (-//W3C//DTD Specification::19980323//EN) is available online, as well as commentary: Design Report for the W3C XML Specification DTD . Version 2.0 of the XML Spec DTD 1999-07. See the updated XML Specification DTD and corresponding XML Spec DTD - Data Modeling Report, Version 1.2, 1998-09-10. See the XML versions of the XLink and XPointer specifications ( i.e. , 3-March-1998). XML source files for PR-DOM-Level-1-19980818. The DOM specification serves as a good example of the start autobiography, power of essay winning using XML: all of the HTML documents, Java bindings, OMG IDL bindings, and ECMA Script bindings are generated from research a single set of XML source files. [local archive copy] See the Production Notes for details. [July 1999] Updated Shakespeare XML documents, from Jon Bosak.

See:, and Also: and Note 2001-01: URLs are now Four Religious Works '(1958896-byte zip file,' and The Plays of Shakespeare '(2195143-byte zip file,'; I do not know if these are identical version 2 document sets. [October 12, 1998] See above. Jon Bosak (Sun Microystems)) announced the availabilty of a major revision to the XML-tagged religion set. The collection includes a group of four religious works (The Old Testament, The New Testament, The Quran, and The Book of Mormon) marked up for winning, electronic publication from essays on beloved by toni publicly available sources. The texts were originally marked up (1992) as an exercise in SGML DTD and style sheet design, and in 1996 were released along with a companion Shakespeare set as the earliest examples of real documents marked up in XML. Award! The current distribution conforms to the XML 1.0 Recommendation released February 8, 1998.

Verse numbers for the referencing systems are now generated by style sheets, which are included in the distribution. These texts are used as benchmarks for XML parsers by some developers. Critical Essays On Beloved By Toni! Source:; [local archive copy]. Sample XML documents with DTDs ( e.g. , Bible, Shakespeare), for the benefit of anyone developing XML tools; provided by Jon Bosak. See the updated announcement of January 30, 1998. [See also the earlier announcement for other details.] Example XML documents in Japanese are available.

They are encoded in UTF-16 (big endian and little endian), UTF-8, iso-2022-jp, shift_jis, and euc-jp. One document is the essay, translation of the and/or essay, XML PR, and it will soon be replaced with that of the XML recommendation. . . Essay Winning! From Murata Makoto. [local archive copy/snapshot, 19980603] [April 09, 1999] xmlTree. - a list of differentiated instruction sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules collected by James Carlyle. [February 18, 2000] We have approximately 160,000 XML documents indexed in the GoXML XML Search Engine. Many of these are in XML with XSL format. THe url is: We believe it is the largest repository of XML (and subsequently XSL) documents on essay award winning the Internet.

Grab a copy of Microsoft's IE 5.+ and have a blast. [Duane Nickull; Fri, 18 Feb 2000] XML served by the Sun Microsystems corporate document server, . The service from Sun stores information in a compiled SGML format and can deliver either XML or HTML data dynamically, according to requests from a client. See, for example, the XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and thesis, disability.xml. [See also the database entry for the docs.sun AnswerBook Documentation.] [January 19, 1998] W3C NOTE Name Spaces in XML: NOTE-xml-names in XML format from W3C; [local archive copy] [March 06, 1998] Sample chapters 'in XML format' from Richard Light's book, Presenting XML . Presented on the companion Web site. [October 06, 1998] XML test data from Simon North's book Presenting XML , available from the Macmillan Web site. The author says: The material was written in winning Author/Editor using the TEI-lite DTD (freely available on the Web) and critical essays on beloved by toni, converted to essay award Microsoft Word, via RTF, for printing using jade. The XML and HTML code was created from the SGML sources. The text is copyright, of thesis differentiated course, but for experimentation it's got a very rich mix of elements (including copious CDATA sections). [XML-L 6 Oct 1998] [December 07, 1998] XML release of the essay winning, TEI Lite DTD (personal work, from critical on beloved by toni Patrice Bonhomme, not an official release of the TEI Lite.) See also reference to work on preparation of an XML Version of the full TEI DTD. [October 05, 1997] XML Scenarios, sponsored by Microsoft and essay award, participating companies. This part of the Web site features a collection of articles that describe how industry leaders are using XML-based applications today to increase sales and engineering application essay, productivity, improve customer satisfaction, and lower costs.

The companies represented are top ISVs who have built XML-based, three-tier Web applications. Award! Each brief scenario demonstrates the solution to a real business problem. It includes: 1) the specific business problem that was impacting mission-critical processes; 2) the role XML played in the solution; and 3) a discussion of how the problem was solved through the cause and/or effect essay, use of specific XML-based tools, with a behind-the-scenes look at exactly how the software components handled a typical user scenario. Essay Award! As of October 5, 1998, nine articles were available. [January 27, 1998] XML Auction Demo from Microsoft.

[January 25, 1998] XML Weather Station Demo - part of XML Online from insideDHTML. University of and/or essay Oregon Virtual Laboratory, serving HTML from the XML source. Behind what you see, there is essay award winning a Java servlet based on Lark that pumps out essay, HTML. The applets at this site have been programmed by Sean Russell. [December 13, 1997] James Clark's test suite of files for XML processors.

The collection of essay XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 [now 164] small files that (in my view) fail to be well-formed XML documents, and differentiated instruction, should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into essay winning alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee (under the OASIS Technical Committe) will be working on an XML Conformance Test Methodology, etc. Contact G. Ken Holman for additional information, and see the dedicated entry. For online WF checking via HTML-forms, see above: well-formedness checking of documents by URL and by pasted-up text. Provided by Tim Bray (Lark, and James Clark (XP, WebTechs). XML Conferences, Seminars, Workshops.

Since XML is cause and/or essay a subset of SGML, most 'SGML' and events now prominently feature XML. Winning! The Conferences section of the SGML/XML Web Page contains the full entries, often with pointers to conference reports or proceedings volumes. Summary information for special XML events is provided below. XML '99. December 6 - 9, 1999. Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA. XML One - The International Users Conference.

Increasing Your Productivity with XML. May 24 - 27, 1999. Engineering Application! Austin Marriott at the Capital, Austin, Texas. XML Europe '99. April 26 - 30, 1999. Granada, Spain. XML/SGML '99 Sweden. March 16-17, 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. XTech '99.

XML Application Developers Conference XIO Expo March 7 - 11, 1999. Essay Winning! San Jose Convention Center, California. Markup Technologies Conference. November 19 - 20, 1998. Chicago, Illinois, USA. . . Engineering Application Essay! .technical issues relating to the design, development, and essay award, deployment of a variety of essay markup technologies including but not limited to essay SGML, XML, HyTime, and DSSSL. XML '98. November 15 - 18, 1998. Chicago, Illinois. TAG '98. November 4 - 6, 1998.

Washington, D.C. SGML/XML BeLux '98 Conference. Fifth Annual Conference on the Practical Use of industrial essay *ML. October 21, 1998 - Antwerp, Belgium. SGML, XML, and Databases. Tuesday, October 20, 1998. Winning! The Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre, School of thesis instruction Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), Russell Square, London. SGML/XML Asia-Pacific '98. October 12 - 15, 1998. Sydney, Australia and Tokyo, Japan.

SGML/XML Japan '98. September 30 - October 3, 1998. Nippon Convention Center, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan. XML World Conference and Exposition. September 14 - 17, 1998. Palais des Congrès de Hull, 200 Promenade de Portage, Ottawa/Hull, Québec, Canada. XML-seminar 98 Göteborg.

September 8 - 9, 1998. At the Novotel in Gothenburg, Sweden. A two-day XML workshop and seminar, sponsored by the Swedish Chapter of the International SGML Users' Group. Seybold San Francisco/Publishing '98. August 30 - September 4, 1998. Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, CA.

With XML Day. Metastructures 1998 Conference. Award! August 17 - 19, 1998. Le Sheraton Hotel, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Proposals for the XML-related metastructures, such as XLink, XPointers, Resource Description Format, SMIL, and XML-EDI, are welcome. . . SGML/XML Europe '98. From Theory to New Practices. May 17 - 21, 1998. Hotel Sofitel - Forum Rive Gauche, Paris, France. W3C Workshop - Shaping the Future of HTML.

May 4 - 5, 1998. San Francisco Airport Hyatt Regency, California. Several position papers address XML, architectural forms, and related matters. Electronic Publishing '98. The Seventh International Conference on Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation and Typography. April 1 - 4, 1998. Palais des Congrès, Saint Malo, France. Need Writing! Tutorials on award SGML, XML, DSSSL, XSL, TEI-SGML. Conference presentations on SGML.

SGML UK. March 31, 1998. Need Writing! Putting on winning the Style! - DSSSL, CSS, XSL, . Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon. Slide sets and sample stylesheets (CSS, XSL, DSSSL) are available from some of the presentations. XML Developers Day within XML: The Conference (1998). Enabling Intelligent Content on the Web.

March 23 - 27, 1998. Seattle, Washington. The 'XML Developers Day' in this conference, chaired by Jon Bosak, is on March 27, 1998. Proposals for XML DevDay should be sent to Jon Bosak, W3C XML WG Chair. See the XML DevDay Call for Presentations, and the XML Developers' Day, Preliminary Schedule. Seybold Seminars New York / Publishing '98. Industrial Engineering Application! Event and Exposition, March 16 - 20, 1998. Award Winning! Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York NY. Includes XML Xposed and XML Tutorials.

Documation '98 West. Critical By Toni Morrison! Exposition The Document Software Conference. March 10 - 12, 1998. Santa Clara Convention Center. Santa Clara, California. See the separate document which extracts the relevant listing of XML/XSL sessions. INRIA XML Workshop. The Potential of XML for Web-based Applications.

October 23 - 24, 1997. INRIA Sophia Antipolis, (Nice), France. SGML UK October Meeting: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML). October 23, 1997. Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon, UK. Published agenda.

Other details in award the announcement from Francis Cave (Pira International), to whom inquiries should be directed. Seybold San Francisco '97. September 29 - October 3, 1997. Mosconi Center, San Francisco, CA. The conference included an tesis hukum, XML tutorial, XML tools survey, and award winning, a dedicated XML session, XML: Publishing on the Web Just Got Easier. SGML Open for Business. September 17, 1997.

Clarion Hotel, Millbrae, California. Thesis! [management and implementation information on SGML and XML. ] XML Developers Day. August 21, 1997. Montreal, Canada. Essay Award Winning! In connection with the 1997 International Conference on the Application of HyTime. Note also that Tim Bray will offer an XML Tutorial on Sunday and Monday, August 17-18 as part of the HyTime/XML/DSSSL tutorials programme. European Conference on XML.

XML Ready for Prime Time? London, UK. Hukum Islam! April 22, 1997. WWW '97: Sixth International World Wide Web Conference. Award Winning! April 7 - 12, 1997. Santa Clara Convention Centre, Santa Clara, California, USA.

GCA XML Conference: XML SGML INTRANET. Critical Essays On Beloved! The New Publishing Business Case: XML, SGML, and the Intranet. Essay Winning! March 10 - 12, 1997. The Mission Valley Marriott, San Diego, California. XML: Demos and Miscellaneous Uncategorized. A separate document contains references to XML-related sites or documents for engineering application essay, which I have had insufficient time to make investigation, or which are evidently tangential.

Readers are invited to send email re: appropriate disposition. Some are [or will become] serious applications; others may be interesting demos; others may be clearly experiments and essay winning, 'just for fun'. XML: Of (Possible) Historical Interest. A separate document contains references to industrial essay early draft versions of XML-related proposals, and so forth. 'Early' means about 1996-1997. It's not a maintained collection of award links, but you might find what you're looking for. . .