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Life satisfaction in the oldest-old - 3T Senior Norge
How To Be A Cosmetic Nurse: Your Step-By-Step Guide. If you think that assisting in thesis on life satisfaction cosmetic procedures like giving Botox injections and when spell essay, helping patients look as good as they feel is a career path youíd like to explore, why not train to become a cosmetic nurse? Also called an aesthetics nurse or plastic surgeonís nurse, a cosmetic nurse works hand in hand with doctors to help patients. With your cosmetic nurse training and a Botox training course, you can make a real and direct difference how patients look and feel. And it all starts with the right training for people who have the right core skills and makeup. To be a cosmetic nurse, youíll need to be able to stand for a long time, have good bedside manner so you can work with patients and have a strong tolerance for being around blood. On Life Satisfaction. Your job will involve taking care of patients before and art coursework igcse, during surgical procedures as well as after them and administering some kinds of injectable treatments yourself. Itís a good job with the likelihood of easily being able to find steady work. Education can vary from a one-year certificate program to a Masterís degree in nursing, and you will have to be licensed in thesis the state where you work. You also need certain personal characteristics, including compassion, attention to detail, patience, strong interpersonal skills, public speaking skills and more. Plus, youíll need to learn peripheral skills like how to map use computer software #8212; particularly healthcare systems software and Microsoft Office.
Youíll need good stamina too, because shifts are often long. Determining The Career Path For You. A number of different kinds of credentials can lead you to a career as a cosmetic nurse, and the licensing requirements and prospects for employment vary significantly based on the level of training and experience. Additional skills like Botox training can also contribute to employability. Practical and vocational nurses have the thesis on life satisfaction least training, but these nurses donít get the best positions that are open only to registered nurses and to nurse practitioners.
A nurse practitioner can perform many procedures that are otherwise reserved for doctors. Those who want to business dental become cosmetic nurses can choose their training level and how far they want to satisfaction advance in their career. Some first become licensed vocational nurses before becoming registered nurses #8212; or they may pursue advanced training from the beginning. After determining how to proceed, here are the steps to success: Step 1: Get the right education. For LPNs, the educational program is usually about a year and includes both work in a classroom and in supervised care of list, patients. On Life Satisfaction. Classroom education usually includes pharmacology, physiology, pediatrics and nutrition, among other things. Supervised practice is usually done at a hospital. For RNs, a Bachelorís degree in nursing is usually required, and this can take four years or more to achieve. Some RNs may have only an map, associateís degree, but there are fewer employment choices for nurses with this type of degree.
Those with an associateís degree often get a Bachelorís degree later. To become a nurse practitioner, a Master of Science in Nursing or similar degree is required. Some states have additional requirements. Step 2: Get a nursing license. Thesis Satisfaction. Licensing requirements for nurses vary from state to map state and can depend on what type of license is desired. An LPN must pass the National Council Licensure Examination-Practical Nurse or NCLEX-PN exam as well as any specific licensing requirements of the state. An RN must pass the satisfaction National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse or NCLEX-RN exam and composition, additional state requirements and must be a graduate of a nursing program approved by thesis on life satisfaction, the licensing agency. Nurse practitioners must have a Masterís degree and resume, an RN license.
Step 3: Specialize in cosmetic nursing. Thesis On Life. It may be possible to clep composition get experience as a cosmetic nurse while still in on life satisfaction school. Specific education may be offered in areas relevant to cosmetic nursing, including fat grafting, chemical peels and resume list, liposuction. Botox training may or may not be available while in thesis on life satisfaction school. Often, the first step in employment is to seek an entry-level job nursing at a place where cosmetic procedures and plastic surgery is verb list performed. In some cases, LPNs can get these sorts of jobs out of school, while other employers require experience even for entry-level jobs in their practices. Employers will look for specific skills in assessing skin aging, doing Botox injections, handling clinical application and caring for patients after surgery. Step 4: Consider certification. It isnít necessary for cosmetic nurses to have an additional, separate certification to work in satisfaction cosmetic nursing or plastic surgical nursing. Certification can help with career advancement as well as professional development, however. No single organization provides this type of certification, but cosmetic nurses can choose to be certified by the Plastic Surgical Nursing Certification Board, the composition essays Center for on life Nursing Education and Testing and other groups.
Itís also possible to become a member of the American Association of Medical Esthetic Professionals for greater respect within the thesis map industry. Our Botox Training Course also includes certification from Dr. Katz, who is the inventor named on on life all the patent applications for Botulinum Toxins (Botox). Step 5: Never stop learning. Cosmetic nurses are required to plan have continuing education to get license renewals and to maintain other voluntary certifications. Things like online Botox training courses and instruction in how to inject dermal fillers are especially useful. There are a variety of other seminars and courses available as well, and a cosmetic nurse will take many such courses over the course of a career. Following this process, a person without good job prospects can prosper as a cosmetic nurse for years or even decades to come. Medical professional who wish to learn Botox for on life satisfaction their business, call (858) 550-9533.
I am interested to receive a certification for botox injections. Have been a LPN for 20 years. Would like to hooks map know what my options are to complete this process. Thank you. Thesis On Life Satisfaction. Hi Joyce, we can certainly train #038; certify you, you would just need to check with your state board to make sure you can legally inject patients (in some states Nurse Practitioners can inject solo, in english some with supervision from a doctor, and some not at all). If you would like any other information, we are here to help (858) 550- 9533 or [emailprotected] . Can you please let me know if in the state of NY Nurse Practitioners/cosmetic nurse can inject solo or not? Thank you!
Hi Olga, the easiest way to satisfaction find that out when out numbers in an, is to thesis on life satisfaction just contact your state board. Kind regards, Ari. Hello, I am very interested in becoming Botox Juviderm certified in the state of Iowa. I am currently waiting to take my RN boards next month. My questions are: in the state of Iowa does an RN require a doctor on premises in order to give injections? When is the next certification program offered in or near Iowa? I personally get injections and am excited to share my love of the product with others!!
Hi Vanessa, each states laws are different, you would need to check with your nursing state board to see if you are legally allowed to inject with or without doctor supervision. I don#8217;t believe that Dr. Association Dissertation. Katz will be giving live courses near Iowa in the near future, however, our live, interactive, online program has been a great success (and also has a hands on component). Thesis On Life Satisfaction. If you would like to clep composition see more about that, see http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/ If you have any other questions, please feel free to call us at (858) 550-9533, or email [emailprotected] Kind regards, Ari. Would like to thesis on life become a aesthetic nurse. Thesis Hooks Map. I#8217;m really interested in this line of career. Thesis Satisfaction. Could you please help me. Art Coursework Igcse. My telephone number is 07714476299. Would be grateful if you could contact me please. Thesis. Hi Michalena, I#8217;m not sure what country that number would be for, but please feel free to call us at 858-550-9533 (US number), or email us at [emailprotected] with your specific questions, and we would be happy to give you some guidance. Kind regards, Ari. American Anthropological Association Minority Fellowship. there seems to be a lot of confusion around nursing and if a cosmetic nurse can inject injectables without supervision.
Could you elaberate on thesis satisfaction this ?? Hi Brandy, the anthropological association minority fellowship reason for that is that the laws in thesis satisfaction each state are different. The easiest way to find that our is to contact your state board. If you have any other questions, please feel free to reach us at [emailprotected] or (858) 550-9533. Kind regards, Ari. I am foreign graduated physician and I am currently preparing for business dental my NCLEX to get my RN license.
My questions are: in the state of Florida does an RN require a doctor on premises in order to give injections? Also I would like to know if you give training in Florida. Hi Adrian, the easiest way to check if/how you are legally allowed to inject Botox is to thesis contact your (in your case future) state board. We do not currently have an in-person course scheduled in Florida, however, we do have a live, interactive, online Botox program, the details of which you can find here: http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/ Kind regards, Ari. Hi i live in california and have no nursing education but i want to open up my cosmetic clinic and do botox . what school should i take and how long it would take me to get my license and business plan, start working . On Life Satisfaction. Hi Ben, aside from the education that we provide (which is usually required for insurance coverage etc) the laws in list each state differ as to who can legally inject Botox. The easiest thing to do might be to call a local med spa and ask what degree you might need to work for them. In the case of medical professionals that already have a degree, it#8217;s just a matter of calling their state board to ask if they can do so. Kind regards, Ari. How do I qualify in Botox and fillers Iam hairdresser atm what do I need to do to go down this path.
Hi Donna, as mentioned in thesis the response to Ben#8217;s comment, we can educate anyone (which is usually required for insurance coverage etc), however the laws in each state differ as to who can legally inject Botox. Igcse. The easiest thing to do might be to call a local med spa and ask what degree you might need to work for them. Kind regards, Ari. I am a professional nurse with Section 22 permit.I am in on life satisfaction South Africa and interested to do the course online. Hi Nonhlanhla, you are certainly welcome to when essay take the Botox and on life satisfaction, Dermal Fillers online programs: If you have any other questions, please feel free to call 858-550-9533, or email [emailprotected] I am an RN in PA. What is the best way to earn botox and injectables certification to practice in PA? Hi Holly, you would want to call your state board to confirm that you can legally inject patients in PA and then take our Botox course to learn the skills and be able to get insurance coverage. Plan Dental. Kind regards, Ari.
I am a registered nurse. I am currently living in Spain on my husbands active duty orders. Will there be any courses held in thesis on life Spain? I saw on the website that Dr. Katz has taught in Spain. Thank you for your assistance. Spell Out Numbers In An Essay. Hi Jan, Dr. Katz is only touring the US at the moment, but does live, online courses on thesis the weekends. For details on the online Botox program, have a look at http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/ Info on art coursework igcse how and wher to become qualified for injection of botox. Hi Reanna, in the US you would check with your state board to determine if you can legally inject with your degree, and then take one of our courses to get certified and be able to get insurance.
Details for the live online program is here http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/, and on life, live patient program dates here http://dentox.com/live-courses/ My name is american anthropological fellowship Tiff. I am an thesis on life, RN in NV and i am entertaining the business idea of becoming an aesthetic RN. Can you help me on how to on life satisfaction start? Thank you! Hi Tiffany, you would first check with your state board to determine if you can legally inject as an RN, and map, then take one of our courses to get certified and be able to get insured for Botox #038; Filler injections. On Life. Details for the live online programs are here:
and live patient program dates here: Kind regards, Ari. This is my ultimate goal is it recommended to take esthetics training become a skin care Profesional? I am not sure where to start. Hi Ryann, each state has different laws as to who can and cannot legally inject Botox. If you are already a nurse (or will be studying to become one), I would suggest contacting the nursing state board to confirm that. If you are legally permitted to inject, then you would sign up for dissertation one of our courses (http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/) in order to satisfaction get certified. American Association. Kind regards, Ari. Thesis. I live in Greece having a bachelor degree in nursing and now working in a medical aesthetic center doing mesotherapies in the body and resume verb list, also the face.
I would like to pursue a career in botox injections and derma filles in United States of America. What I supposed to do in on life satisfaction order to achieve this goal? Hi Sophia, we can certainly educate you, but the verb list laws in each state are different as to whom is thesis satisfaction allowed to plan legally inject patients, so you would need to call the nursing state board wherever you will be moving, and find out if you would be allowed to do so as well. Kind regards, Ari. On Life. Hi, i have a question to start my carrer as a cosmetic Nurse where i can inject solo.i need to go for Registered Nurse or Licensed Practical Nurse? i hope is hooks one of those two because those are my options for my school to be paid. Hi Yvette, you will want to thesis on life satisfaction contact the Nursing state board to find that out (the laws are different in each state).
Kind regards, Ari. Art Coursework Igcse. I am a RN working for a plastic surgeon and looking to satisfaction become certified in botox and other dermal fillers. Hi Kelley, we can certainly help you with that. Here are the course pages to look at: Kind regards, Ari. I am a registered nurse in Florida and clep english composition, have recently graduated as an esthetician. Im interested in on life being a cosmetic nurse and art coursework, seeking training. I live near Orlando. Nay schools in this area to thesis on life get these certifications. Hi Mary, you are more than welcome to get certified via Dr.
Katz#8217;s live, online program: Kind regards, Ari. Hi, I#8217;m a foreign trained dentist currently living in the US. I have experience doing dermal fillers and Botox. what would be the easiest way for me to when spell out numbers in an essay be able to start practicing injections in the US. Right now I am in the process of taking my NBDEs, but I want to be able to do these procedures as way of income before I am able to practice as a dentist, thank you, Hi Mae, the laws in each state are different regarding who can and cannot inject Botox. We can certainly educate you (http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/), but you will need to thesis find that out before being able to legally inject patients. A good place to start would be to english composition essays contact your dental state board. Kind regards, Ari. How do I go about studying to do botox? Kind regards, Ari.
Hi, I am interested in training to become an thesis satisfaction, aesthetic practitioner . Art Coursework Igcse. I am currently a HCPC Registered Paramedic and would like to thesis satisfaction know if this makes me eligible to train and what options I would have. Resume. Hi Chris, we can certainly train you in Botox #038; Fillers injection, however, you will want to check with your state laws to determine that you are legally allowed to on life satisfaction inject patients as a Paramedic (a good place to minority dissertation ask might be your state Emergency Medical Services Authority). Here is the thesis course page for thesis the live/online Botox program: Kind regards, Ari. I am interested in opening my own med spa. On Life. I am currently a Nurse with my master#8217;s degree. Continuing my education to become an NP. I have a year left.
I want to be able to administer Botox, derma fillers, and do other procedures. Resume Verb List. Please let me know what you would suggest for satisfaction classes that I should complete. Thank you. Hi Sarah, we have a live, online Botox course http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/, a live, online Fillers course http://dentox.com/all-courses/dermal-fillers/, as well as live patient courses that include Botox, Fillers, and association dissertation, a non-surgical facelift technique using only injectables (called the on life DentoX LIFT) here http://dentox.com/live-courses/ Kind regards, Ari. Hello. Dissertation. I have always been interested in thesis on life learning to administer botox. How can I get started? Hi Jessica, we have a live/online program to get you started with your botox practice: http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/ Kind regards, Ari. Hi I#8217;m looking to be Botox/ filler practitioner#8230; I have no healthcare/nursing qualifications.. I#8217;m a hairdresser but looking to art coursework go into beauty.. please could you tell my what I need to do#8230; thank you. Hi Joanne, there are two requirements to injecting patients.. one is the thesis education/certification (which is what we do), and the other is the law in each state.
You will need to find out what the regulations are in your state, as many require you to be a doctor or nurse to inject patients. Since you don#8217;t have a state board to ask, a work around might be to call a local med spa, and ask the requirements to work there. Kind regards, Ari. Licenced aesthetician and want to become certified in Botox. Hi Ashley, there are two requirements to in an injecting patients.. one is the education/certification (which is what we do), and the other is the law in each state. You will need to find out what the regulations are in your state, as many require you to be a doctor or nurse to inject patients. Since you don#8217;t have a state board to ask, a work around might be to call a local med spa, and thesis satisfaction, ask the requirements to work there. Kind regards, Ari.
I want to start giving notice injections but I am not a nurse. What is the least time and art coursework, cheapest way from thesis me to be able to legally give notice injections. Please help me. Hi Trisha, there are two requirements to injecting patients.. one is the education/certification (which is composition essays what we do), and thesis satisfaction, the other is the law in each state. You will need to find out what the regulations are in your state, as many require you to be a doctor or nurse to inject patients.
Since you don#8217;t have a state board to ask, a work around might be to when out numbers essay call a local med spa, and ask the requirements to work there. Kind regards, Ari. Hello my name is Carolina I have been an LVN in California for 28 years working different specialties . I am very interested in becoming esthetic nurse and thesis satisfaction, administer cosmetic botox. Can you please help me get started. Thank you. Hi Carolina, there are two requirements to injecting patients.. one is the education/certification (which is what we do), and the other is the law in each state. You will need to find out what the regulations are in your state, which is just a matter of calling your state board to ask. Should you be able to, we have live/online classes here: http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/ and live patient courses here: http://dentox.com/live-courses/ Kind regards, Ari. I am a registered nurse interested I#8217;m specializing in botox and other cosmetic treatments. Hi Billie, we have a live/online Botox program here: http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/, a fillers one here: http://dentox.com/all-courses/dermal-fillers/, and art coursework igcse, information about our live patient programs here: http://dentox.com/live-courses/. Thesis. If you have any other questions, please feel free to give us a call at 858-550-9533, or send an spell essay, email to [emailprotected] . Kind regards, Ari.
I am a Registered Nurse,Registered Midwife.I also have my Bcur Nursing Degree and an advanced diploma in Occupational Health Nurse Practitioner. On Life. I also am an Assessor and Moderator. I live in hooks south Africa and satisfaction, I am very keen to do the training course in in an essay aesthetic nursing. Kindly provide more info. Hi Salome, we have a live/online Botox (http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/) and Fillers (http://dentox.com/all-courses/dermal-fillers/) course that are perfect to get you started with your aesthetics practice.
Kind regards, Ari. Intetested in learning injectibles. as well as live patient courses coming up in LA and NY: http://dentox.com/live-courses/ If you have any other questions, please feel free to on life call us at american anthropological 858-550-9533 or email [emailprotected] Hello, Iím interested in becoming an aesthetic nurse, I recently finished nursing school in Mexico, and now looking for more studies in thesis on life this field, what do you recommend?, where do I start? Hi Elizabeth, we have a live/online Botox course here: http://dentox.com/all-courses/botox-training/, a live/online Fillers course here: http://dentox.com/all-courses/dermal-fillers/ which are perfect to get you started with your aesthetics practice. Kind regards, Ari. I am a RN, BSN in Florida State and anthropological association minority, I am interested in thesis become a Cosmetologic Nurse. Could you give me some information?
Hi Magda, we have live/online programs that are appropriate for adding cosmetics to your practice: Kind regards, Ari. Business Plan. One of the most frustrating things about training courses are the satisfaction ones were the trainer just talks: they drone on and on from a prepared script, not reading. Dr. Howard Katz is a wonderful instructor. His slides and lectures were easy to understand and very helpful for art coursework my practice. Live patient demonstrations. I like that its live and it allows for brief discussion and thesis, questions. A very interactive course especially for being online.
Gave me a great basis to get.
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Life satisfaction in the oldest-old - 3T Senior Norge
Marking TextóChoosing Between Italics and Quotation Marks. last modified March 4, 2017. An error in thesis on life the use of anthropological minority dissertation, italics or quotation marksóusing one rather than the other or not using either when their use is requiredóis not likely a problem that will have an agent or publisher turning down your manuscript, especially if your manuscript isnít bulging with other errors. Satisfaction. Yet knowing when to use both italics and quotation marks is useful and important for writers. The cleaner the manuscript, the out numbers essay fewer problems it will be perceived to thesis on life satisfaction, have. And when rules are followed, the manuscript will have consistency; if you donít know the rules, itís likely that you wonít make the same choices consistently throughout a story. And if you self-publish, when youíre the resume verb list one doing the editing, youíll definitely want to know how and when to use both italics and quotation marks and know how to thesis on life satisfaction, choose between them. To start off, I will point out that there is no need to dental, underline anything in a novel manuscript . Writers used to underline text where they intended italics, but because itís now so easy to see and find and thesis on life satisfaction identify italics, underlining is no longer necessary, not for fiction manuscripts.
Note: Underlining may be required for school or college writing projects or other purposes. Iím strictly addressing fiction manuscripts here. Without underlining, the choices are italics, quotation marks, and resume verb unmarked or plain text. Letís start with the thesis on life satisfaction last optionóplain textófirst. Not all text that seems to require italics or quotation marks actually does. Most words in your manuscript will be roman textóunchanged by italicsóand, apart from dialogue, will not be enclosed by quotation marks. Yet sometimes writers are confused about italics and quotation marks, especially when dealing with named entities.
A quick rule: Simple names need only american anthropological minority dissertation, be capitalizedóno other marks are necessary. This is one writing question thatís easy to overthink once you begin editing, but a name usually only needs to be capitalized; it typically doesnít require italics or quotation marks. (There are exceptions, of course.) Capitalize names of on life, people, places, and things . This means that Bob, Mr. Smith, Grandma Elliott, and Fido are capitalized but not italicized or put in american association minority quotation marks. The same is true for Disney World, the on life Grand Canyon, Edieís Bistro, and the World Series. When a personís title is paired with a nameóPrime Minister Winston Churchill, Reverend Thomasóboth name and title are capitalized. But when a title is not used as a nameóthe president is essay, young, the pastor can singóno capitalization is required. Nouns are typically the thesis on life satisfaction words that youíll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize named nouns . So Fido is clep composition, capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret (used as a name) is capitalized, but my aunt is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization. Brand names and trademarks are typically capitalized, but some have unusual capitalizations (iPad, eBay, TaylorMade, adidas). Refer to dictionaries and to thesis satisfaction, company guidelines or Internet sources for correct capitalization and spelling.
Note that home pages of websites may feature decorative text; look at fellowship, pages with corporate details for on life satisfaction, correct information. You may make a style decision and anthropological fellowship capitalize such words according to established rules, and that would be a valid decision. Yet a name is a name, and thesis spelling or capitalizing it the art coursework igcse way its creators intended may well be the better choice. Thatís it for on life, most named people or things or placesómost are capitalized but do not require italics or quotation marks. A quick rule: Names (of people, places, and things) need to be capitalized, but titles (of things) need both capitalization and either quotation marks or italics. Items in the following categories need neither italics nor quotation marks (unless italics or quotation marks are an intrinsic part of the title). This is spell out numbers essay, only a very short list, but most named nouns are treated similarly. car manufacturers General Motors, Volkswagen, Toyota. car brands or divisions: Buick, Chevrolet. car names: Riviera, Touareg, Camry.
restaurants: Chiliís, Sallyís Place, Chuckís Rib House. scriptures and satisfaction revered religious books: the Bible, Koran, the Book of Common Prayer. books of the Bible: Genesis, Acts, the Gospel according to Matthew. wars and battles: Korean War, Russian Revolution, the Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Hastings. companies: Coca-Cola, Amazon, Barclays, Nokia. product names: Coke, Kleenex, Oreo. shops: Dollyís Delights, Macyís, Coffee House. museums, schools and colleges: the High Museum, the art coursework igcse Hermitage, Orchard Elementary School, the University of Notre Dame. houses of worship: First Baptist Church of Abbieville, the Cathedral of St.
Philip, Temple Sinai, City Center Community Masjid. Note : There is much more to capitalization, yet that topic requires an article (or five) of its own. Look for such an article in satisfaction the future. Art Coursework. The Chicago Manual of Style has an in-depth chapter on capitalization; I recommend you search it for thesis, specifics. Quotation Marks and Italics.
Beyond capitalization, some nouns are also distinguished by igcse italics or quotation marks. Think in terms of titles here, but typically titles of things and not people. So weíre talking book, movie, song, and thesis TV show titles; titles of newspapers and art coursework magazines and titles of articles in those newspapers and magazines; titles of on life satisfaction, artwork and poems. One odd category included here is vehicles. Not brand names of vehicles but names of individual craft: spaceships, airships, ships, and trains. But which titles get quotation marks and which get italics? The general rule is when out numbers in an essay, that titles of works that are made up of smaller/shorter divisions are italicized, and the smaller divisions are put in on life quotation marks . This means a book title is italicized, and chapter titles (but not chapter numbers) are in quotation marks. When Spell Out Numbers In An Essay. A TV show title is italicized, but episode titles are in on life satisfaction quotation marks.
An album or CD title is put in italics, but the igcse song titles are in quotation marks. Note : This rule for chapter titles in books is not referring to chapter titles of a manuscript itself, which are not put in quotation marks within the manuscript . Satisfaction. Use quotation marks in your text if a character or narrator is thinking about or speaking a chapter title, not for your own chapter titles. Quotation marks and resume italics are both also used for other purposes in fiction. For example, we typically use italics when we use a word as a word. My stylist always says rebound when he means rebond . I counted only on life, half a dozen um s in the chairmanís speech. Business Plan. (Note that the s making um plural is not italicized.) Since a list is quick and easy to satisfaction, read, letís simply list categories for both italics and quotation marks. Barring exceptions, items from the categories should be italicized or put in quotation marks, as indicated, in your stories.
Titles : Titles of specific types of works are italicized. This is true for both narration and clep essays dialogue. operas and ballets. long musical pieces (such as symphonies) works of art (paintings, sculptures, photographs) blogs (but not websites in general, which are only thesis satisfaction, capitalized) Odds and list Ends: Titles of cartoons and comic strips ( Peanuts, Calvin and Hobbes, Pearls Before Swine ) are italicized. On Life. Exhibitions at small venues (such as a museum) are italicized ( BODIES . . . The Exhibition ) but fairs and other major exhibitions (the Louisiana Purchase Exhibition) are only capitalized. Examples : To Kill a Mockingbird (book), Citizen Kane (movie), A Prairie Home Companion (radio show), La boheme (opera), Paradise Lost (long poem), Rhapsody in Blue (long musical piece), Washington Post (newspaper), Car and Driver (magazine), Starry Night (painting), The Age of art coursework, Reason (pamphlet), This American Life (podcast), The Editorís Blog (blog)
Exception : Generic titles of musical works are not italicized. This includes those named by number (op. 3 or no. 5) or by key (Nocturne in B Major) and those simply named for the musical form (Requiem or Overture). If names and generic titles are combined, italicize only the name, not the generic title. Exception : Titles of artwork dating from antiquity whose creators are unknown are not italicized. (the Venus de Milo or the on life satisfaction Seated Scribe) Ship names : names of ships on water, in space, in art coursework the air.
Examples : HMS Illustrious , USS Nimitz, space shuttle Endeavour , Hindenburg, Spruce Goose. Notes: 1. On Life. The abbreviations for Her Majestyís ship (HMS) and business plan dental United States ship (USS) are not italicized. 2. The current recommendation of The Chicago Manual of Style is to not italicize train names. CMOS may be differentiating between physical ships with individual names and on life satisfaction railroad route names, which is typically what is named when we think of art coursework igcse, trains; the specific grouping of train cars may not be named and may actually change from one trip to another. Locomotives, however, may have names. If they do, you would be safe to thesis on life, italicize that name. While I understand this reasoning, I see no problem with italicizing a trainís (or a train routeís) commonly known nameó Trans-Siberian Express , Royal Scotsman , California Zephyr óas writers have done in the past. This is strictly a personal opinion. 3. When Spell In An Essay. The definite article is unnecessary with ship namesóthey are names and not titles.
So Yorktown rather than the Yorktown . Itís likely that characters with military backgrounds would follow this rule, but many civilians may not. On Life Satisfaction. If your character would say the Yorktown , then include the article. Words as words: As already noted, words used as words are usually italicized. This helps forestall confusion when these words are not used in plan dental the usual manner. Examples : The word haberdashery has gone out of style. Edith wasnít sure what lugubrious meant, but it sounded slimy to her. Letters as letters : Letters referred to as letters are italicized. Examples : The i in thesis my name is silent.
On the american anthropological faded treasure map, an satisfaction X actually did mark the spot. All the men in his hometown have at least three sí s in their names. Notes: 1. Only the letter itself is italicized for plurals. So we have s ís, capital L s, and a dozen mí s. Thesis Hooks Map. (The apostrophe and concluding s are not italicized.) 2. Satisfaction. An apostrophe is used for the plurals (lowercase letters only) to prevent confusion or the english composition misreading of letters as words; aí s rather than a s and ií s rather than i s. 3. Thesis On Life Satisfaction. Familiar phrases including pís and american anthropological qís and dot your iís and cross your tís do not require italics. (They are italicized here because Iím using them as words, not for thesis on life, their meaning.) 4. Letters for spell in an, school grades are not italicized, though they are capitalized.
Sound words : Italicize words that stand in for sounds or reproduce sounds that characters and thesis on life satisfaction readers hear. Examples : The whomp-whomp of verb list, helicopter blades drowned out her frail voice. An annoying bzzz woke him. C-r-rack ! Something heavyósome one heavyófell through the rotted floorboards. Foreign words : Uncommon or unfamiliar foreign words are italicized the first time they are used in a story. After that, roman type is thesis on life, sufficient.
Foreign-language words familiar to most readers do not need italics. Proper names and places in foreign languages are never italicized. Examples : The words amigo , mucho , coup díetat, risque, nyet, and others like them are common enough that you wouldnít need to italicize them in fiction. Thesis Map. (I italicized them because in my example they are words used as words.) ďUse caution, my dear. That pretty flower you like so much is velenoso. It slows the heart.Ē It was something my grandmother always said to me. Sie sind mein kostbares kleines Madchen . Building sites on the Potsdamer Platz went for a lot of thesis satisfaction, money once the Berlin Wall came down. Emphasis : Use italics to emphasize a word or part of a word.
Yet donít overdo. When Essay. A character who emphasizes words all the time may sound odd. And the thesis on life italics may annoy your readers. Examples : I wanted a new dress, but I needed new shoes. She quickly said, ďItís not what you think.Ē ďSal invited everyone to the party at his uncleís beach house. Igcse. And I mean every single student from satisfaction his school.Ē Somethingósome one óshattered all the art coursework igcse street lights. Character thoughts : Character thoughts can be expressed in multiple ways; italics is one of those ways. Thesis. (But it isnít the business only way and may not be the best way. Thesis. See ďHow to Punctuate Character ThoughtsĒ for american fellowship, details.)
Example : I expected more from her , he thought. But he shouldnít have. You can find many more tips and suggestions for cleaning up your text in The Magic of on life, Fiction . Titles : As is done with titles and italics, titles of specific types of works are put inside quotation marks. This is true for spell essay, both narration and dialogue. book chapters (named, not numbered, chapters) TV show episodes. radio show episodes. short poems (most poems) newspaper, magazine, and thesis satisfaction journal articles.
unpublished works (dissertations, manuscripts in collections) Odds and Ends: Signs (and other notices) are typically not put in quotation marks or italicized, though they are capitalizedóThe back lot was marked with No Parking signs. Art Coursework. They donít even require hyphens for compoundsóThe gardener was putting up Do Not Walk on the Grass signs. However, long signs (think sentence length or longer) are put in quotation marks and on life satisfaction not capitalized. Consider them as quotationsóDid you see the resume handwritten sign? ďTake your shoes off, line them up at the door, and walk without speaking to the second door on thesis satisfaction, the left.Ē The same rule applies for mottoes and maxims . An example: To Protect and Serve was the departmentís old motto. Now itís ďCover your tracks, lie if you get caught, blame your behavior on drugs, and vilify the victim.Ē Examples : They read through ďThe Laurence BoyĒ in one sitting. (chapter three of Little Women ) He said he thought it was ďThe One With Phoebeís Cookies.Ē (an episode of Friends ) My mother suggested we both read ďThe Gift of the Magi.Ē (short story) Exception : Titles of regular columns in newspapers and magazines are not put in quotation marks (Dear Abby, At Witís End).
Dialogue : Enclose the spoken words of out numbers essay, direct dialogue (not the dialogue tags or action beats) between opening and thesis on life satisfaction closing quotation marks. Resume Verb. Do not use quotation marks for indirect dialogue. Exception : When dialogue continues into a new paragraph, do not include a closing quotation mark at the end of the first paragraph; use the closing quotation mark only at the end of the spoken words. (If dialogue continues uninterrupted for several paragraphs, you will have a number of opening quotation marks but only on life, one closing quotation mark.) Examples : ďI told you I loved you. You never believed me.Ē ďI told you I was there,Ē he said. But I never believed him. ďHe tried,Ē I said, waving my fingers, ďbut he failed.Ē ďMy dog ate the hooks map first pageĒóBilly pointed at Dexter Blueóďbut I saved the rest.Ē
Exception Example : ďI needed to do it, but I just couldnít. And then you know what happenedóBing threw his knife and thesis on life I ducked and he hit the ministerís wife. And then pandemonium broke out, everyone running every which way. It was madness. ďAnd after that, we raced out american association minority fellowship, before the cops could get there.Ē Notes: 1. American English (AmE) always uses double quotation marks for dialogue. If you have a quotation within dialogue, the inner quotation gets single quotation marks. 2. British English (BrE) allows for on life, either single or double quotation marks, with the reverse for quotes inside other quotes or dialogue.
Words used in a nonstandard manner or as sarcasm, irony, or mockery : Use quotation marks to point out irony or words used in an unusual way, perhaps as slang or mockery. Most slang wouldnít need to resume verb, be put in quotation marks, but words unfamiliar to a character could be put in quotation marks. Always use double quotation marks for thesis on life satisfaction, AmE and out numbers in an typically use singles for BrE (doubles are acceptable). Example : Yeah, I guess he was on time. If three hours late is ďon timeĒ in his book. Andy said his brother ďskived offĒ two days this week. I didnít tell him I had to check the Internet to figure out what he meant. Made-up words or new words : Use quotation marks for the first use of on life satisfaction, made-up words. Resume Verb. After that, no special punctuation is necessary. Example : Heís a ďrattlescallion,Ē a cross between a rapscallion and a snake. Words as words : We often use italics for on life satisfaction, words used as words, but we can also use quotation marks.
Example: He used ďIĒ all the hooks map time, as if his opinion carried more weight than anyone elseís. When youíre deciding between italics and quotation marks, always remember the rules of clarity and consistency: make it clear for the reader and be consistent throughout the story. If you have to make a choice that doesnít fit a rule or you choose to flout a rule, do so on purpose and do so each time the thesis circumstances are the same. Include unusual words or special treatment of words in your style sheet so everyone dealing with your manuscript works from the same foundation. Rewrite any wording that is likely to confuse the reader or that can be read multiple ways. Thereís always a way to clear up confusing phrasing, often more than one way. Reduce distracting punctuation and italics when you can, but use both quotation marks and italics when necessary.
Put writing rules to work for your stories. This article is a long one, but I hope it proves useful. Let me know if I omitted a category you wondered about. 207 Responses to ďMarking TextóChoosing Between Italics and art coursework Quotation MarksĒ EXCELLENT and thesis satisfaction timely tips.
I have a question I didnít see addressed here: what about restaurant names in when spell in an essay fiction? Italicized the first time and then roman font after? Italicized with every usage? Iíd love to know! Thank you. Heather, restaurants are just names, and so they are only capitalizedóno italics on thesis on life, any use. (I actually have a restaurant included in the third paragraph in the section on plain textóEdieís Bistro.) This is a great questionómaybe I should put in resume list a section that includes categories that are not italicized. Thank you so much! That clears things up for the book Iím about to release. I assume flower shops or any stores with proper names are simply capitalized, as wellĖno italics?
Youíre exactly right, just capitalized. And thanksóyou gave me another couple of categories to thesis, add to the capped-but-not-italicized section. Keep askingóitís great to english essays, get all that info out thesis, there in one place. Avoid italics like the plague. They are hard to read and english essays slow down your story. Once you get rid of them, you will realize how bad they are. Words from a publisher: ON USING ITALICS FOR THOUGHTS. December 28, 2011.
Some of you will send me examples of good writers who use italics for thoughts. Good writers can do anything. It is true. But a good writer does not need to use italics for thesis, thoughts. A good editor should help him/her get rid of them. I do.
A good writer doesnít even need to american minority dissertation fellowship, use italics for emphasis very often Ė which makes them more effective when s/he does. Hi. Great column. Question. Thesis Satisfaction. In dialogue, must I always use italics for a title. Example: Ē That album was by map the Beatles,Ē he said. (Is Beatles, the band italicized?ÖÖÖ.Also, my italicize the thesis satisfaction title every time that I use it in a manuscript?
Many thanks, and Iíll be sure to check out your website. Rene, you donít need to italicize a bandís name, just capitalize it. The name is just a name, not a title. Great post. Art Coursework Igcse. This will answer a lot of satisfaction, questions that come up in our critique group. Iíll be posting the link to this on my blog.
Thanks! Iím glad itís useful, Rosi. Donít use italics at dental, allĖexcept for the titles of books. On Life. They are hard to read and slow the when spell in an reader down. Donít use semicolons. On Life Satisfaction. They are HATED by many editors. Verb. One critic said they are just a way of proving that you have a college education. Ha! Problem: Even if you use them correctly, some readers will think you used them incorrectlyĖanother slowing of the reading. In my opinion, two single sentences are stronger. Also, have at least ten proofreaders.
I had over twenty for thesis on life, ďFinding Sagrado,Ē and whatever its merits, the writing is clean and polished, thanks to my readers and critics. Hereís my website: Iím offering a free pdf download to map, anyone who will read and review it (any rating on the review. It doesnít matter. Just be honest). Roger, while itís true that italics are hard to readóa reason I donít recommend that writers include large sections in italicsóthere are legitimate reasons for using them. Thesis. The same is true for semicolons. Sometimes two sentences are indeed stronger, but sometimes the sentences are too close in meaning and feel to warrant the period between them. I seldom promote any blanket prohibition in igcse writingóthe same answer will not work for thesis satisfaction, every situation and you may need options. You donít want to when out numbers, limit yourself simply because of what others have said or for reasons that worked or didnít work for them. Considered advice is good, but prohibitions without exception serve no one.
Any writer can make almost anything work and work well. I love seeing a writer publicly thank his proofreaders; I hope yours continue to be part of your writing circle for many productive years. Proofreaders and beta readers are worth their weight in thesis on life satisfaction gold or chocolate. Thank you for giving us something to think about. Thatís true, and in the last novel I readĖďThe Ghosts of BelfastĒ by Stuart Nevill I saw some semicolons. Thesis Hooks Map. Ha! I guess Iím brainwashed against them. I didnít like them. I particularly hate italics for thoughts.
Thereís no need. Why did he look at me that way, she thought. I had over a hundred semicolons and exclamation points. I took out all the semicolons and left only a handful of exclamation pointsĖonly for thesis satisfaction, screams. Itís funny how much heat is composition, generated in a discussion of grammar. Ha! Discussion is great for clarifying issues.
But youíre right; thereís something about thesis, grammar and punctuation that gets us going. Feel free to business dental, write me: farcity101 at hotmail.com. if you would like me to send you the pdf file. Thank you so much for on life, all of this! Iíve shared it in my fiction group, where Iím sure a lot of people will find some use. Iím curious if the rules are different in the UK/Australia/etc., as I see a lot of quotations for thoughts. AlsoÖ just curious (and seriously off topic), but if you have an international collection of stories, do you have each story follow the same rules (U.S., letís say, with double quotes instead of single, U.S. spellings instead of British) or do you let each story retain its own ďcultureĒ?
Alex, Iíve also seen writers use quotation marks for thoughts, both in AmE and BrE, but I know of no standard source or authority that recommends that quotation marks be used this way. There is clep english, some contention about the practice, however, because thereís no set-in-stone prohibition either. The thing is, thoughts are not speech and quotation marks for on life satisfaction, the most part are reserved for spoken words. If thoughts are put in quotation marks, how will people know which words are spoken and which are thought? Then you have to add even more dialogue tags and thought tags.
Also, quotation marks work great as a visual for readersó in between these marks are spoken words. Also, the clep trend in todayís writing is away from overuse of punctuation. Quotation marks for thesis on life satisfaction, thought would be considered unnecessary punctuation. Itís not that it isnít doneóand almost anything can workóbut what do you give up and what do you gain? Is it worth a fight to argue (with agents and publishers) about quotation marks for thoughts when there are other legitimate and quite recognizable ways to convey thoughts? The rule of thumb on this one is to reserve quotation marks for spoken dialogue. As far as I can tell, thatís true for both BrE and igcse AmE. Iím not sure that I understand your question about the satisfaction international collection. International meaning the stories have already been published in different countries and they are now being brought together into hooks one book?
If thatís your question, Iím guessing you have two options. Thesis Satisfaction. You could let books stand as they were writtenówhich would give readers a taste of other cultures and stylesóor you could edit for the country in which the business dental new combined volume will be published. If the books were published before or if they werenít but you want to promote the fact that writers are from different parts of the world, I would let existing spelling and word choices stand. Punctuation is a different issue. You could keep punctuation as it was, but changing punctuation rules from story to story might be an annoyance for readers. Punctuation could very easily be adapted for the country in which the thesis on life satisfaction new book was being released. While readers typically expect writers from other countries to clep english essays, use different words or spellings, they donít usually think about punctuation being different. This doesnít mean youíd have to thesis on life satisfaction, change the punctuation in some of the stories, but the option is worth considering.
I donít know that there is any hard rule about this issue. A publisher would have an art coursework opinion and/or guidelines, but beyond that, for satisfaction, those publishing their own books, the dental choice is thesis, theirs. If thatís not what you were asking about, let me know. Hello Beth ó just want to hooks map, thank you for yet another well-written and thesis satisfaction extremely useful post. I live in India and association dissertation am ďretiredĒ, which means I cannot afford western editorial rates ó so this kind of material/guide is on life satisfaction, vital to my novel writing. Thanks and american anthropological association minority dissertation look forward to moreÖ Mira, I wish you the thesis on life best of success with your writing. Hereís hoping that you sell a manuscript or two and get to enjoy that retirement without worrying about when spell out numbers in an, finances. Iím so glad the thesis satisfaction article was a useful one.
Beth, thanks for igcse, those good wishes ó however, watching so many artistes go down the tubes in Manhattan because they relied only on their creative earnings taught me not to count on that happening ó so i write because i love to. You must be very busy, i know, but i would love to send you an e-version of the metaphysical novel (set in ancient India Ė Whip of the Wild GodĖA Novel of Tantra in Ancient India) for free if you would care to go through it. It has been getting 5 star reviews, but alas, as you must know, you cannot get rich on the 3% profit on sales that Amazon print gives youÖ Here is an example from my novel ďFinding SagradoĒ where italics are needed: Was a strong like the same as love?Ē I put ďlikeĒ in italics to make the sentence absolutely clear. I didnít want it. ďWas a strong likeÖĒ Without the italics, a reader might go back and think there is thesis, a typo. Roger, I think thatís a great use of resume verb list, italics.
Excellent column, Beth. It never hurts to be reminded of the subtleties of our language because as you say, itís best to eliminate opportunities for an agent or editor to question the writerís competence. I agree, Peter. And thereís no reason to thesis on life satisfaction, create problems for yourself when the art coursework igcse fixes are so easy. Some areas of writing arenít quite as easy to handle, but the ones that are fairly simple to satisfaction, deal with can be mastered by all writers. One great way to fix an awkward paragraph is to delete it. Ha! The reader doesnít know what was deleted. Maybe you were trying to put too much in thesis the paragraph? Ask yourself if the paragraph is really needed. My characters listen to and sing along with a few songs in my novel.
So if I am mentioning a song by Bruce Springstein. I should write it as; Dandcing In The Dark. On Life. Not; ĒDancing in the Dark.Ē Italic or not? Also, when they are singing along, I have written it all in capitals. Eg; ďHET LITTLE GIRL, IS YOUR DADDY HOME? DID HE GO AND LEAVE YOU ALL ALONE Ö ETC. Kim, song titles do get quotation marks, so ďDancing in the DarkĒ is correct. No italics. Thereís no reason for all capsójust use mixed letters, the same way you do with regular text. The words of songs are still characters speaking. However, there are restrictions for copyrighted text.
So unless you get permission from Bruce Springsteen to use his words, readers shouldnít be heard singing his words. While itís usually okay to quote a line or two from a book or movie, single lines from songs and poems make up a significant part of the hooks map song or poem, and the copyright holder may be ticked off by your use of his or her words. Works in the public domain can be quoted, but copyrighted works have protection. You can mention the name of a song or poem, but you donít want to use the text. A workaround is to on life, create a song or poem of your own. Iím working on an article concerning this issue that I hope to get up soon.
Does that answer your questions? Thanks. Just re read. Have since removed all lyrical content and am seeking permission on the use of two poems. I use Ö a lot when a conversation is interrupted or of someone is struggling to say something. I am consistent through out, is this a death nail? Kim, Iíve finally gotten around to putting together an article on using lyrics and poems in novels. I hope to have it up today or tomorrow, so good timing with your comment. Use the ellipsis when dialogue trails off, the em dash when it is cut off. When Spell Out Numbers Essay. Both are legitimate punctuation marks, but theyíre unusual enough to be noticed if theyíre used too often.
Actually, you typically donít want to use any piece of punctuation or sentence structure or word too often. Think in terms of consistency, yes, but variety as well. If you know you use the ellipsis a lot, I suggest that you do a search for it and then make changes if you find it used too often. Also, as a side note, the phrase is death knell, from the practice of ringing a bell when someone died. Thanks. If someone is gasping for their last breath, or winded, would you consider that trailing off or being cut off? The Ē for a song title, is it okay to use singleí to on life, differentiate from speech or is this old school? Kim, I canít nest a reply to your last comment, so I hope you find this okay.
Iíd definitely use the ellipsis for gasping for breath and probably for being winded, but with being winded, someoneís breath could be completely cut off. Anthropological Minority Fellowship. If so, Iíd go with the satisfaction dash. For song titles, stick with double quotation marks, unless the title is clep english essays, mentioned in dialogue. So double quotation marks would go for the dialogue and singles for a song title (or quoted material) within dialogue. Thesis Satisfaction. (BrE can use the art coursework reverseósingle quotation marks for thesis, dialogue and spell out numbers in an essay doubles for a song title or quoted material within the dialogue.) so space ÖĒis that ame? or no spaceÖ and sentence with Ė in it, is that also ame? Sorry for the confusion. On Life. you said it depends on if it is ame or bre but didnít clarify. For the ellipsis in business dental American English, there are spaces between the ellipsis points, so if I needed an ellipsis in AmE, I would write . . . this. (If a closing quotation mark follows the ellipsis, do not include the final space.) Use nonbreaking spaces in Word so the ellipsis doesnít break on on life satisfaction, a line break. For British English there are typically no spaces between the points though there are spaces before and after the points. In BrE Iíd use Ö this. The sentence with the spaces surrounding the verb list dash is thesis, BrE.
No spaces for either punctuation mark in hooks AmE (given the examples weíve looked at). love your long technical posts. always very useful Iím using smt akin to your style sheet also for names, layout of places, items that reoccur, e.g. the cars (model, colour, general condition, etc). Thesis On Life Satisfaction. cheers! Sina, Iím glad youíre finding the when info helpful. Thesis Satisfaction. They do get long sometimes, donít they? How do I treat a program that is held here at our large hospital? The program is called ( made up ) We want you to get better soon. sponsored by the department of art coursework igcse, Internal Medicine. Do I put the program name in quotation marks, italic or plain text?
Beverly, I would say that typically youíd put the name of the program in capsóOur cutting-edge programóWe Want You to Get Better Soonóis sponsored by the department of on life, Internal Medicine. Yet, you may have some options. Will this line be in resume list a letter to donors? In e-mails to staff? In public promotional materials? While you wouldnít use anything else if you were writing fiction, you may want to consider italics for real-world purposes. You probably want the thesis on life satisfaction text to resume list, stand out, and mixed caps and italics would be useful for such a purpose. Thesis. That or a different font (a change in style or in color). The Get Better program has already been introduced to dissertation fellowship, more than 300 individuals and families. Bottom line: you wouldnít have to use anything more than capital letters for the major words. But depending on your needs, you may want to use a specific font, a specific color, or italics.
You donít want the words blending in with the surrounding text in promotional materialsóyou want readers to see the thesis on life program name as the program name. Thank you for all the information you provide in english the blog. Will you please clarify how the name of a house (i.e., an historic residence) is treated? Just capitals? Italics? Quotation marks? Thanks so much. Just capitals, Deborah. Thesis On Life. They are names, not titles. So the White House, Mount Vernon, Hearst Castle, and Gracie Mansion and clep essays fictional places Regent Hall, Dinsmore Cottage, and thesis on life Salisbury Manor. If (in a novel) someone is list, reading a passage to another person and this is in italics, should the on life satisfaction italics (quote from newspaper) also have quotation marks?
How do you treat a book title that is shortened? For example, if my character discusses ďThe Secret Life of BeesĒ (italics, not quotes) but just calls it ďThe Secret LifeĒ, should I italicize that part or use quotes? Corene, italicize the association fellowship shortened title the same way youíd italicize the full title. (Or if itís material that should be put in quotation marks, use quotation marks for the shortened title.) Iím just about to thesis on life satisfaction, publish my first novel, The Art of Peeling an Orange, on Amazon Kindle, and thesis I encountered a small ďdisaster.Ē I can convert my pages file into ePub and upload to amazon without a problem, but then I lose my formatting. ie: chapter heads all run together and donít start on a new page. It is an esthetic problem and my book doesnít look professional. If I upload a word.doc, the satisfaction above issue is resume verb list, solved, but I lose my italics, therefore some meaning and thesis context.
Does anyone have a solution? Please help. New author drinking herself to death over anthropological dissertation fellowship, thisÖ Would you italicize certain interjections as sounds? For example, ahem, hmm, or humph? Good question, Tanis. I consider those words as dialogue and on life satisfaction would therefore use quotation marks rather than italics.
However, hmm could be used as a thought rather than as a word spoken sound. In that case it would get italics or simply roman type, depending on how you were treating direct thoughts in your story. Thank you so much! First of all, thanks for sharing all your useful information! By far the when out numbers in an essay most informative reading Iíve done about quotation marks and italics. I have two questions: 1. When a character is writing/have written something, is it marked as usual dialogue? He left a note on thesis satisfaction, the table (ďOut for when spell out numbers, a walkĒ).
He left a note on the table (ĎOut for a walkí). Or should it get italics? He wrote, ďOut for thesis on life satisfaction, a walkĒ on list, the note. He wrote, ĎOut for a walkí on thesis on life satisfaction, the note. Iím wondering about the association minority comma there as well. As far as Iím concerned, thereís always a comma before dialogue in the middle of a sentence, but is it the same in on life satisfaction this situation? 2. In gestures that might be communicating in a suggestive manner, is that also written as normal dialogue? He looked at thesis hooks map, her in a way that clearly said, ďIím not giving up on you.Ē
Thanks in advance! Iím with you, Katherine. Thesis. What is the plan dental best way to punctuate text that is supposedly read, not said? Iíve seen it done different ways, and my copy of CMS isnít being very helpful. Iím also curious about your second question. Thereís been some debate among my writing buddies lately re the use of thesis on life satisfaction, quotes or italics when the character is either reading something verbatim in the text (say a sign, or a note or something).
The sign read, ďKingsbridge 2 miles.Ē The sign read, Kingsbridge 2 miles. Also, if a character is remembering something sheíd read or heard said at some time in the past verbatim, should it be italicized like internal dialog, or quoted? Or does it depend on how itís presented? Also, should a colon precede the american anthropological association minority dissertation remembered quotation, or a comma, or a period, or something else?
For example, how to present the words in a case like this: She could see the pages of that old book, as if it were in front of her right now. Work hard but donít be obsessive. I have the thesis satisfaction same questions. ďThis rule for chapter titles in books is not referring to chapter titles of clep composition, a manuscript itself, which are not put in thesis on life satisfaction quotation marks within the manuscript. Use quotation marks in your text if a character or narrator is business plan dental, thinking about on life satisfaction, or speaking a chapter title, not for your own chapter titles.Ē In a non-fiction work, I (as the spell out numbers in an author) explain to satisfaction, my reader the major sections in the book. Would I use quotations around the hooks title names of those sections when I write about them in the text?
For instance, assuming the use of thesis satisfaction, a colon is correct Ė would this be the correct way to dental, include this text? Part Two: ďTitle of on life, Major SectionĒ Yes, Melissa, youíre referring to real sections (or chapters) within the text, and putting those references into art coursework quotation marks is thesis on life satisfaction, exactly what youíd want to do. And the colon is good as well. You could do the same setup for chaptersóChapter Five: ďThe Hope Within Us AllĒ Your chapters, sections, and parts get quotation marks just as chapters, sections, and parts of map, other books would get quotation marks. For anyone else reading this, my note was a reference to chapter titles of the manuscript, those on on life, the first page of every chapter. Those would not get quotation marks in the manuscript itself.
I have an odd question about the use of quotation marks. This is my third novel in a series (Southern fiction). In my characterís dialog which is in quotation marks, he is american association dissertation, talking and thesis on life also quoting something his wife said. Do I use a quote within a quote? Hereís the example.
Ē Macie was bound and determined to find out which one of her hens wasnít laying and art coursework igcse one day she came in on life satisfaction and said to me, ĎI think itís that funny looking chicken. Iíve seen every chicken go into the hen house today except her.í I went out to see what all the fuss was about and lo and behold, that hen was a rooster.Ē Yes, Glenda. This is exactly the time you want to use a quote within a quote. What is BRE? If I write. ďBut I love the when spell out numbers essay Bruce Springsteen song ďDancing in the Dark,ĒĒshe said Ė it look weird. I would think it would beĒBut I like the song ĎDancing in thesis on life satisfaction the Darkí by Bruce Springsteen,Ē she said. . Kim, BrE is British English; AmE is when spell essay, American English. If someone is thesis on life, speaking and then quoting someone else (or naming something that gets quotation marks), the quotation marks switch from doubles to hooks map, singles (or in on life BrE, they can change from singles to dental, doubles). Glenda used single quotation marks inside her doubles for her examples. Your example would work either of the thesis on life satisfaction ways you pointed out. Igcse. Note the satisfaction space between the single and association minority fellowship double quotation marks.
ďBut I love the Bruce Springsteen song ĎDancing in satisfaction the Dark,í Ē she said. ĒBut I like the song ĎDancing in the Darkí by resume verb Bruce Springsteen,Ē she said. If someone using BrE wrote they same sentence, the following options would be correct. Note the comma outside the double quotation mark after dark. ĎBut I love the on life Bruce Springsteen song ďDancing in business plan dental the DarkĒ, Ď she said. ĎBut I like the song ďDancing in the DarkĒ by satisfaction Bruce Springsteen,í she said. Does this make sense? If Iíve confused you, let me know where I lost you. Thanks so much, you are very prompt. Is a poem in dialogue italicized?
You probably covered this in your article, I will read it soon. Am in clep composition the middle of applying for a grant for future publication. Why when I make a comment why does blank out. I am writing an American based fiction, inital audience is Australia and i have used American lingo. Mom and realize etc. Is this a death knell? Kim, yes, do read the article about lyrics and poetry in fiction . You may find you wonít quote any long sections of text once you consider some of the points in the article.
In general, however, you wouldnít need to use italics to satisfaction, quote a poem. If someone is spell in an essay, reading it aloud, you could use quotation marks. Thesis On Life Satisfaction. If someone is when out numbers in an, reading a line silently to himself, then italics would be useful. As for a full poem or even a stanza, you could set it off in the text with extra margins on both sides. Satisfaction. But, still, read the business article. Satisfaction. Itís not often that youíll want to plop a full poem into the middle of english composition, a novel. Iím not sure whatís blanking out.
Let me know more if youíre still having problems. If youíve got Americans in a story, have them use AmE for the words they think and speak, so mom rather then mum is on life satisfaction, appropriate. But if your audience is in Australia, you may want to use BrE spellings, so realise rather than realize. Let the dental charactersí language fit them, but let the storyís grammar and punctuation fit your audience. What about using capital when someone is shouting? ďI donít want your whisky dick!Ē ďI DONíT WANT YOUR WHISKY DICK!Ē I was doing this a lot, but have since stopped. And when using; she thought it odd he would wear such heavy clothing in the middle of summer DASH it was the hottest on record after all. Is the DASH sp[ace controldash space, making it longer than a regular dash, or is it alt control dash or just dash? Plus, is afteralll, after-all? And when I use Ö I space then Ö Should it be; matterÖĒ His voice trailed off at the sight of on life satisfaction, her taking off her clothes.
OR matterÖĒ his voice trailed off at spell out numbers essay, the sight of her bla bla . I know, I am dumb, but your advice is paramount. How do you get paid? If I submit a sample for quote on editing, you require a chapter and page 250, does that mean an thesis on life average of hooks, 250 words per thesis, page? Please read the above if you get time. Kim, unless youíre writing for children, you really donít want to use all caps. Shouting is identified through the words and igcse an exclamation point, if one is truly necessary. Definitely donít use all caps for regular shouting. But could you use a few instances of thesis on life satisfaction, all caps under certain conditions? You could. But Iíd limit them to once or twice over the course of a manuscript.
And for american association dissertation, only one or two words at a time, not long sentences. This is something you might have to play by ear, but the fewer words with all caps, the stronger the impact will be when you actually use all caps. Maybe a character has been taken over by a demon and speaks with a powerful demon voiceóthat might be the time you could get away with all caps. DashóThe dash youíre referring to in American English is an em dash. In MS Word you can insert it by holding the Alt key and typing 0151 on the numeric keypad (or Alt-Ctrl-minus). There are other ways of thesis satisfaction, inserting the verb em dash as well. Satisfaction. And there are no spaces. So it would look something like this: She did like strawberriesóthey were her favorite fruit.
For British English, the en dash is often used instead. It is surrounded by spaces. The en dash is shorter than an verb em dash (but still longer than a hyphen). Thesis Satisfaction. The MS Word shortcut is Alt 0150 (or Ctrl minus). It would look something like this: She did like strawberries ó they were her favorite fruit. After all is spelled after all . The spaces with an ellipsis also depends on whether youíre using AmE or BrE.
But as for what follows, in your example, capitalize the first word that follows the quotation mark because youíre beginning a new sentence. As for submitting a sample for a quote, I require at least the first chapter and the chapter that contains page 250 (not just page 250). In other words, Iím looking for a chapter from the out numbers in an essay middle of the book. On Life. However, I really like having as much to work with as possible, you if you send submit something, sending the full manuscript is best. I was just curious how you would punctuate the name of games, like Hide and Seek, or Truth or DareĖjust capital, or italics, or quotes? Thanks so much for all your advice. Youíre the composition best! Darien, this is going to be one of those ďit dependsĒ answers. For hide-and-seek and truth or dareóno caps, no italics, and no quotation marks. The same would hold true for checkers, chess, bridge, tag, dodgeball, and poker.
Games with trademarked names such as Monopoly, Scrabble, and Parcheesi would get capital letters, but nothing else. For video games, capitalize initial letters of each word. You might also want to use italicsóthatís a recommendation Iíve seen in several places. Thesis On Life Satisfaction. If you use italics, thatís treating the game like a book or album. For this one, you have some leewayójust be consistent. The best option is to check a dictionary if youíre unsure about a particular game. A great questionóIím sure others have wondered too. If youíre grandmother tells you, ďyou are my precious little girl.Ē In German sheíd say, ďDu bist mein kostbares kleines Maedchen.Ē Irene, Iím not sure what issue youíre pointing out with your example. Is there something missing from your comment?
I found these tips helpful, but I was curious about another instance. What about the name of a program? Not a computer program (though I didnít see that on there and donít know if the american minority dissertation fellowship rule would be the same or different), but something like ďWe are considering withdrawing funding from the Excellence in Education programĒ. Would ďExcellence in thesis EducationĒ be italicized or put in quotes or something else? Thanks!
Sharon, Iíve never seen italics or quotation marks recommended for program names, and I just did another quick search to be sure. Capital letters should be sufficient. Computer programs are also capped but not italicized. The titles of hooks, computer games can be italicized, but apparently that one is thesis satisfaction, not set in stone. Make a choice and resume list then be consistent.
I use both italics and quotes when referring to thesis satisfaction, non-human speech, or that of an animal, in my fantasy books. American Anthropological Association Dissertation. It helps to thesis on life, differentiate between that of english composition, ordinary speaking and that of an thesis on life satisfaction entity or spirit. Dawn, Iím in agreement with trying anything that woks. But how do you differentiate between thoughts in igcse quotes and dialogue in thesis on life satisfaction quotes? Can readers easily tell the difference? That is, do you do something specific each time to indicate that youíre showing thoughts rather than italics? Other writers might want to try whatever it is that youíre doing. Thank you for english composition, a great article!
My student wrote a fiction story and the name for thesis on life satisfaction, one of the agencies in her story is ďHappily ever afterĒ. Essay. Should she use quotation marks for this name of the place all the name or just capital letters? I am confused because ďHappily ever afterĒ is usually a phrase in thesis a story and not a name. Amy, no quotation marks are necessary. The names of companies and businesses need only to be capitalized, no matter where the name came from. I have written a novel in American English. How do I write am and pm?
I have used a lot of american minority dissertation fellowship, poetry and when I have a character about to recite I go, cleared his throat then began: ďI Had Something To Say. Is the thesis satisfaction [:] correct? or is clep composition, it; or just, ? also when writing ages thirty-three, is the thesis on life satisfaction Ė correct? Could you give me an I idea of format for a 23.5 by 15 cm novel. Nora Roberts kind of size. Could you confirm proper industry size? I have margins currently at when in an essay, 2.54 top and bottom, inside 2.3 and outside at thesis on life satisfaction, 1.9. I know the inside and anthropological dissertation fellowship outside sound ass about on life, but it is the only way I can get my opening page lined up so spine is the bigger margin. Resume. . I am trying to keep page numbers down and it looks okay on the eye, although there are more than normal words on thesis, a page and font is 11 tnr. One more thing, when writing ASAP and association dissertation fellowship GFC of Ford F 100, are there dots or gaps. Yes I am that dumb!
He he. Very helpful! Thank you. I requested a comment on thesis satisfaction, using famous writers quotes; Shakespeare and Banjo Patterson Ė at the beginning of a novel, pre story. Resume Verb List. I know if you use other peoples info in text, you have to get copyright permission, but these peeps are dead! Kim, with material in the public domain, you donít need to secure permission since no one owns the copyright. Yet do be aware that some newer versions of some materials may have copyrightsóso some modern versions of the Bible do have active copyrights. For works in thesis on life the public domain, include author name and title of the source if itís not just a general quote.
I have a question that I canít seem to find the answer to, and that was not mentioned in this article. Can you/should you italicize quotes? Patrick, direct quotes go inside quotation marks, but thereís no need to igcse, use italics. Thatís the basic answer, yet you might be thinking of some example in on life particular. If so, let me know. Two examples of the basic ruleó Iíd been walking along the hooks shore, nicely alone, when a couple of teen girls came jogging up the beach. One said, ďAnd my parents said I couldnít go unless I aced both exams and thesis on life finished in the top three in this weekendís meet.Ē Thomas wanted to know if it was Shakespeare who said, ďJudge me by my size, do you?Ē I hope that helps.
I wasnít actually talking about a quote within a sentence or paragraph. Iím talking about an hooks map actual quote from somebody. Satisfaction. For example: ďI know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stonesĒ -Albert Einstein. Would it be wrong to italicize a quote like that? Thanks for the reply, Okay, so youíre using the quote at the beginning of a book or chapter, something like that? An epigraph?
In that case, the choice is solely up to when out numbers essay, you. Italics or roman, either is acceptable. Thesis On Life. Just be consistent if you include multiple quotations. Youíll likely also want to center the text. And no quotation marks are necessary. Itís actually not for anything formal at all; itís for a forum signature. I just wanted it to art coursework, be correct. Again, I really appreciate you taking the on life time to answer my question. Thanks for your help,
Patrick, youíre welcome. For something like that, you definitely have a style choice. Hi Beth, Thank you very much for your article. It is very useful, and even more for a foreigner like me (Iím French). I wrote a novel in my language and since last September, I have been working on hooks, its translation in thesis satisfaction English. The second part of the story is taking place in England and the main characters are French. When they speak to in an essay, each other, they use a mixture of French and English words. I decided to italicise the English words. Consequenltly, when any character -be French, English or of thesis on life satisfaction, any other nationality-, uses English, I have also italicised what they say. Plan. Is there a rule for that particular situation ? Also some characters who are not French use French when they speak. Should it be italicised ? Merci for your help.
Vincent. Vincent, if youíve written the on life satisfaction story in French, then anything in English should be written in italics. When. There are exceptions for common English words that anyone would know; donít italicize English words that would be known to on life satisfaction, your French-speaking audience. On the other hand, you donít want too much to be italicized. Are there long sections in English? If your audience is in an essay, French, I wouldnít include too much in thesis satisfaction English. You donít want to lose your readers. But for occasional words and american anthropological minority dissertation phrasesóeven sentencesóin English, yes, you would use italics. No, donít use italics for those who are not French but speak French. The italics use is for your readersóit identifies words in on life satisfaction a foreign language, which in your book means a language other than French.
Does that answer both your concerns? Do italicize words in what is not the primary language of your story. But try not to have too many of such words in your story. Art Coursework Igcse. You donít want readers unable to thesis on life, read whatís going on. Beth, Thank you very much for your reply but all my questions are about the English version, not the French. Sorry if I was not clear in my previous message and merci encore. Composition Essays. Vincent. Vincent, Iím sorry I missed the part about you working on the English translation. In that case, you want to italicize the French but not the English.
So italicize any words not in the major language of the story. It doesnít matter who is speaking themóif words are in a language other than the storyís main language, they are italicized. (Again, allowances for common words that everyone would understand without translation.) This is a cue for thesis, the reader and map has nothing to do with character. Satisfaction. Since your readers will expect English, French words should be italicized to show that they are not English words. Again, you wouldnít want to art coursework igcse, include too many passages in thesis on life French since you canít expect your readers to understand that language and plan you donít want them to miss vital information. If you want to show characters speaking a language other than the thesis satisfaction main language the story is written in and need to when spell out numbers essay, convey what they are saying, put the scene in thesis the viewpoint of one of the characters who is speaking and resume try something like thisó Charles and Marc switched over to French when Billy entered the room. Not to intentionally keep the information from him, but he was a gossip.
And he always told his mother everything they said about the family business. After including something like that paragraph, you can still report the dialogue in English, but readers will assume theyíre speaking French. You may want to remind readers that theyíre speaking French, however, especially if they keep speaking it for satisfaction, a while. When. And you should let the readers know when they switch to English. I hope this information better fits your circumstances. Thank you so much for all the information.
What a service this is. My question is not for on life, fiction, itís for a blog I am putting together. (Although, considering the way I write it will probably come up in a story Iím writing as well.) The language is very informal, but I still want it to be understandable and consistent. I was using common phrases in a sentence. List. For instance: Sheís a live and let live kind of on life satisfaction, girl. It feels like ďlive and let liveĒ should be italicised or something but Iím not sure. Iím sure it is technically incorrect but it seems understandable. I guess Iím struggling with whether ideas should be put in business dental quotes or italicised. On Life. Another example would be something like, ďShe reached nirvana when she tasted the ice cream.Ē I hope that makes sense. Thanks, again. Bria, your instincts are right on.
Your first example can be written a couple of ways. Sheís a live-and-let-live kind of girl. Sheís a live and let live kind of girl. The hyphens are preferable; we typically hyphenate compound adjectives before a noun. You can use italics, but often we reserve those for longer compound adjectivesóHer happiness was gained through trick your boyfriend for as long as you can games. Yet even for something such as this sentence, the hyphens would work. I see no need for anything special with your second example; itís just a sentence. English Composition Essays. What were you thinking needed emphasis? Regarding italics and a characterís thoughts in novels, the distinction needs to be made between verbatim thoughts and the narrative rambling of a close third POV. If the satisfaction narrator is composition, speaking to himself using a conversational format, i.e., addressing the reader/himself in thought, that text is italicized.
Too many writers get the general advice to thesis satisfaction, italicize a narratorís thoughts resulting in what becomes meaningless punctuation thatís difficult to read. Bonnie, I agree that italicized text that goes on resume list, and on is definitely hard to read. And thereís no reason to include too much of on life, it. Dental. There are options for working around the need for italicized text. While writers can use italics for thoughts directed from a character to himself, italics are not a requirement for satisfaction, that format. Anthropological Association Dissertation Fellowship. See this articleóand the comment sectionófor a discussion on Writing Character Thoughts . Let me first say thank you. Your blog has been invaluable. A quick question. In one of my stories, I have a ship named The Lucky Lady. On Life Satisfaction. I know, according to this blog, the name would be in italics.
But sometimes, in either the narrative or when a character is speaking, they shorten the nameÖcall it The Lady. My question is, do the same rules apply when that is done? When they shorten the name do I still use italics or would it be normal font? Thanks in advance. Iím glad the art coursework blog has been useful, CJ. Yes, use italics even when a character shortens the on life name of plan dental, a ship.
Do the same for thesis on life satisfaction, other titles. Spell Out Numbers In An Essay. So Love in the Time of Cholera might be referred to as Cholera, and italics would still be used. A great question. I may edit the article to address the issue. Thank you so much for your speedy reply!
Iím just at a final editing now, and can put forth this change to thesis on life, my editor. Whoot! Sorry to bother you so soon, but just came to another example in my book of something that may need italics. T-shirts. I mean when you have a character in a story wearing a T-shirt with a caption on it, is that caption italicized or in when spell in an quotes? For exampleÖ Once properly clothed in thesis on life a pair of gray sweat pants and T-shirt that read, ďAre You Feeling Lucky?Ē he carried her out to the bed and wrapped her in some blankets. Iíve only english essays, used quotation marks here to satisfaction, mark the T-shirt slogan for you, so should Are You Feeling Lucky? be in italics instead?
Or written as is? I looked through the comments, but didnít see that this example had been addressed. Thanks again for composition, the help. CJ, for this one, you have options. The Chicago Manual of thesis satisfaction, Style advises that we capitalize words from (common) signs and mottoes used in running text if the phrase is shortóno italics and no quotation marks. But CMOS does recommend quotation marks for igcse, longer messages. And you could argue that a T-shirt is a sign of a sort. Your T-shirt message is a familiar and thesis satisfaction short phrase, so you could probably just capitalize it.
However, a quick check of a handful of newspapers shows that they all use quotation marks for the text of business plan, a T-shirt. Thesis Satisfaction. So if you do use quotation marks, that wouldnít be considered wrong. Clep English Composition. Yet if you do go with the quotation marks, you donít need to capitalize every word. Capitalize only the first word. Adding weight to on life satisfaction, the recommendation to use quotation marks is the way the T-shirtís message is introduced. If you use words such as said or read, readers will likely expect quotation marks. But if you mention the american minority dissertation T-shirtís text in a different wayóas in the next exampleóIíd suggest capital letters and no quotation marks. His faded T-shirt featured the familiar phrase Are You Feeling Lucky. Bottom line, I think youíre safe going with quotation marks for your example. (Remember to capitalize just the thesis first word.) Thanks so much! I have a character in another book thatís known for wearing funny T-shirts as well and will need this information for anthropological dissertation fellowship, her, too.
I very much appreciate all your help and hard work. My pleasure, CJ. Glad to thesis on life, be of help. Sorry if this question has already been answered, but what is the business case for fictitious books? For example, in Markus Zusakís The Book Thief (imagine that that title is italicized), one of the characters, Max Vandenburg, creates several books that do not exist in real life, one of which is called The Standover Man. Would I italicize the title of that book in my essay? If not, how should I format it? A good question, Ryan. And I donít think itís been asked before. Yes, go ahead and italicize it, even though the bookís not real. Thesis On Life. The title is a real title, and thatís what matters.
Thank you for this. Thatís a question Iíve been looking everywhere to hooks, find the answer to. I generally use made up magazine names, tv show titles, etc. (to avoid any legal complications) in my writing and was never quite sure if the italics were appropriate. Mike, Iím glad you found what you were looking for. On Life Satisfaction. And I quite understand using fictitious names and titles.
I think itís a great option. Thank you, again. Beth, I always check your blog when I have questions. Itís a wonderful service! My question concerns this sentence: They might not last in when the long run, but he wasnít going to rush their demise with a tale of two cities.
Should there be single or double quotation marks, italics, or nothing at satisfaction, all around tale of two cities? Thanks, Cassie. Iím always glad to hear that writers and editors can find what theyíre looking for. Iím assuming your intent is to refer to the book? If so, you need capital letters and italics.
They might not last in composition the long run, but he wasnít going to thesis, rush their demise with A Tale of Two Cities. If you donít intend to reference the book directlyóperhaps the when spell in an character wanted to thesis satisfaction, use the title for a play on american association minority dissertation fellowship, wordsóthen youíd approach this differently. But if you did intend a play on words, youíd change the title in some way. Let me know if that didnít answer the question for you. Beth, thanks so much for answering so quickly! I truly appreciate it. Yes, the character is referring to satisfaction, the book title.
I guess it could be considered a play on words because he and resume his significant other are trying to work out on life, their relationship while living in different cities. In that case, would it still need caps and resume verb list italics? Iím always flummoxed about thesis on life satisfaction, this subject. Again, thanks so very much for taking the time to answer! Cassie, if heís actually referring to the book itself, with something like this next example, you do need capital letters and italicsó They might not last in the long run, but he wasnít going to rush their demise by making them play out thesis map, A Tale of Two Cities. For a play on the title (which sounds more like what you have in mind), you wouldnít use the title directly and therefore wouldnít need caps or italics. Youíd want the reference close enough to the original to thesis on life satisfaction, be recognizable but different enough to fit your sceneís context.
They might not last in the long run, but he wasnít going to rush their demise by dwelling on their own sad tales of resume, two very distant cities. Does that settle the issue for you? You can refer to exact titles, so donít feel that you canít. But if you do mention them, use italics (or quotation marks when necessary) to on life, indicate that youíre mentioning a title. Otherwise make the clep essays reference different enough that youíre not just using the thesis satisfaction titleís words without the proper punctuation and capital letters. Oh, my goodness, thank you so very, very much!
Your explanation is exactly what I was looking for! You are a treasure for writers! Thank you, Beth! I know youíll tell me to recastóbut I canít. Which version would you pick for the possessive of a song title in quote marks? Again, Iím not permitted to resume, recastóso which is the most viable alternative here? And would you use straight or curly quotes to enclose both the thesis on life satisfaction title and the possessive?
Thank you kindly. Lou, are you sure you canít rewrite? Thatís the best option. If you truly canít, go with your third choice, with the apostrophe and s outside the quotation marks. (I assume the direction of the apostrophe is simply a function of the english essays blog.) Iíve not seen that anyone expressly suggests using the space between the double quotation mark and the apostrophe for this purpose, yet I suggest it for ease of reading. But use a thin space if you can. And use curly quotes (for most purposes). You might use straight quotes in an e-mail.
Chicago 16 doesnít specifically address this. They use a commaóinside the quote marks next to an exclamation point/question markówith quoted titles only. Are these correct? When Jill screamed, ďHelp!Ē the neighbors called 911. When Frank asked, ďWhereís the keg?Ē his wife said that his friend drank it all.
The weekly periodical, ďHow Do We Invest In the Future?,Ē is very popular. (Comma goes inside the ending quote because a title of thesis on life satisfaction, a work is being referenced, correct?) I say no commas in these, correct? I resented her ďHow old are you?Ē ďAre you married?Ē and ďAre you interested in a fling?Ē questions. (No commas, I say.) Lou, there are a couple of issues and options here. Letís do these one issue at a time. When Spell Out Numbers. (Iím answering for you as well as for thesis, others who might read this, so Iíll go into a bit of detail.) Because I gave Lou some bad advice, I deleted this answer (11/8//15) and wrote up answers to the questions in american association dissertation this articleó replacing commas with question marks . Lou, after more investigation, I realize that I steered you wrong here with some of this information. Iím going to correct this answer and use your questions in an article to make this issue clear.
When will your article be coming out? (Yaaaay!) And which ones were incorrect above? The article is finally upó replacing commas with question marks . Thesis Satisfaction. I think it should provide the info you need. *g* Beth, you shouldnít have answered me in thesis map terms I could truly understand because youíre quickly becoming my ďgo toĒ expert! With that admittance, I have another question about the thesis following sentence: But his emptiness was so pervasive, he gave the muse idea serious consideration when he looked at his latest piecesóuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. If I were to change ďhe gave the museĒ to ďhe had to give the muse,Ē would it be grammatically correct? My confusion lies in the use of simple past vs an infinitive.
Any light you could shed on my addled brain would be greatly appreciated! Thanks, Beth! Cassie, either option is correct. The second gives the reader more insight into the characterís thoughts and/or puts more emphasis on his reason for giving the muse idea consideration. The first option is more a statement of verb, fact. An option for tweaking eachó
But his emptiness was so pervasive, he actually gave the muse idea serious consideration as he studied his latest piecesóuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. But his emptiness was so pervasive, he had to give the muse idea serious consideration after he evaluated his latest piecesóuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. Thank you, Beth! Yes, youíve definitely helped! Iím going for ďmore insight into the characterís thoughts.Ē I appreciate your taking the time to answer me! Hi what about names of buildings, but I have made up the names.
This is for a building project brochure. On Life Satisfaction. So we want to call it ďThe Childrenís HouseĒ or ďDining Hall AĒ or ďThe Orange HillĒ. Thesis Hooks. These names are used many times throughout the brochure. Italics, quotes? Or quote it once and thesis on life then every other time just plain caps? Mara, names of buildings require only business dental, capital letters, no italics or quotation marks. When used in on life a caption (under a photo or illustration, for example), capitalize all the verb words in the name, including the articleóThe Childrenís House and thesis The Orange Hill. When you use the name in english running textóBuilding begins on the Childrenís House in Decemberódonít capitalize the on life the.
None of the top-gun style guide address these. With the anthropological association dissertation approaching holidays Iíd like to know which words to correctly capitalize. On Life Satisfaction. What is the technically correct capitalization rule for each, please? Should ďMerryĒ in spell out numbers ďMerry ChristmasĒ and thesis satisfaction ďHappy New YearĒ be capped below? If not, how would you punctuate this exact sentence? Have a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year! Hope you have a great New Year! Have a Happy Thanksgiving! A Happy Anniversary to american association minority dissertation fellowship, the both of you. Happy Birthday, Michael!
Have a Happy Birthday, Michael! Cap ďBirthdayĒ in the first and ďHappy BirthdayĒ in thesis on life the second? Have a Happy Thanksgiving! Thank you so much! Denise, perfect questions for a topic Iíve not addressed here at the blog. Names of holidays (religious and plan secular) are capitalized. So Christmas (and Eve), Thanksgiving Day, New Yearís Day (and Eve ) are always capitalized. The words happy, merry, birthday, and anniversary are not capped in running text (although we often capitalize such words in headings. Do capitalize these words at the beginnings of sentences, as usual.
Have a merry Christmas and on life a happy New Year. (ButóI hope the new year is a happy one for you.) I hope you have a great new year. (No caps here. This is referring to american anthropological association minority, the year, not to the holiday.) Have a happy Thanksgiving. A happy anniversary to . . . Happy birthday, Michael. Have a happy birthday . . On Life Satisfaction. . Have a happy Thanksgiving. Happy holidays to you and yours.
Seasonís greeting to you all. This really is a great topic (and thereís lots more to cover). I guess this calls for a full article. When Out Numbers. Thanks for thesis, the tip. This blog of anthropological minority dissertation fellowship, yours is just unbelievably great! Iíve never seen anything quite like this.
Am I dreaming?? This site is on life satisfaction, better than the igcse top style guides, and on life I mean that. Youíre awesome, Beth! Great, great work. You should be very proud. Thanks so much for spell out numbers in an, this post, I am currently studying for a Graduate Certificate in Editing and Publishing and found this immensely helpful! I have a question, if you donít mind, about a passage Iím currently editing. You said in thesis satisfaction your post that for songs, the CD or album title would be in map italics and the song names would be in quotation marks. This makes perfect sense, but would you say the thesis same for an old or traditional folk song? Here is the sentence: ďBut when his voice, ripe and american anthropological association minority full and strong, lofted ďMacushlaĒ and ďMother MachreeĒ to the soaring roof of the hired theatre, that stunning opposition of on life, school shirt and matinee idol voice had the crowd cheering and pulping their palms.Ē
Would you say that the quotations marks are correct here? My understanding is that these are titles of Irish folk songs, and thesis hooks map as such, donít belong to a larger group like an album. Thesis Satisfaction. Should they be italicised instead? Thanks very much! Erin, stay with quotation marks for songs, even folk songs. The punctuation helps to identify the essay words as song titles in the middle of other text. Songs donít have to be on albums in order to have quotation marks; the album/song comparison is simply a way to differentiate between the kinds of satisfaction, titles. Thank you so much for replying, Beth!
Much appreciated. He received two As on map, his report card. (Chicago prefers this.) Would the thesis on life reader momentarily stumble and construe As as the word ďasĒ? Is this clearer to the reader in your opinion? He received two Aís on his report card. Which would you go with? He received two Aís, three Bs, and two Cs on his report card. (Could this work, or is it a no-no?) Which would Beth Hill personally useóAs or Aís in all the examples above? PS This is the greatest reference source available anywhere on the Net or in any bookstore! You are to business dental, be commended! Awesome, awesome, awesome site!
Denise, you hit on one of the contentious ones. Chicago does recommend As , but I think itís clearer with the apostrophe, Aís . Used aloneóI got all AísóIíd definitely go with the apostrophe. Used in a group of letter grades, As is probably clear, but Iíd still go with Aís . Thesis On Life. Then readers donít have to guess or hesitate. And I wouldnít use apostrophes for the other lettersĖtwo Aís, three Bs, and two Cs. Iím sure youíve seen lots of when spell, different possibilities for this one. But there are already allowances, so why not include this one? Iím glad you like the site. But always keep in mind that Iím an editor, not a proofreader, so my answers may not always match CMOS or another source. Thesis. I try to provide reasons when I disagree with major reference sources or when a writer has options. CMOS 16 says that PS (for postscriptum) has no periods. American Minority Dissertation. So if I were to use PS, is there any punctuation (i.e., a period or a colon) that should follow?
1. PS Keep up the great work! 2. PS: Keep up the satisfaction great work! 3. Minority. PS. Keep up the great work! Per Chicago, do you think that 1, 2, or 3 is correct? Denise, I didnít see CMOSís suggestion for no periods, but the Oxford Dictionary of current English shows PS as well. I looked at several sources and found nothing definitive for the punctuation following the PS.
A period or a colon should be acceptable. (And both options were given as options from the Gregg Reference Manual in one resource I found.) In several questions directed to the CMOS folks online, they use the format P.S. Thesis. Text, text, text in their answers. (Admittedly, those answers may be older, from the days before P.S. became PS.) I may check another source or twoóIím more than curious that this doesnít seem to be addressed in many places. But you should be fine with the period or the colon following PS. Or you could revert to P.S. and follow it with your postscript sentence. How do you create italics on your website? It didnít work in the post above.
Lol. For italics (i), bold (b), or underline (u), bracket your text as follows, omitting the space after the first bracket of each pairó If I have an italicized place name that includes ďTheĒ at the beginning (I know I shouldnít but lets just say for english composition, arguments sake that I have) do I always have to italicize the ďTheĒ part? Ben, Iím not sure if Iím considering all your possibilities, but Iím guessing you mean places such as the United States or the Philippines contrasted with names such as The Hague , Le Havre, and thesis satisfaction The Plains (Ohio). If you had to igcse, italicize the thesis on life satisfaction place names, as I did here, italicize the word the in names that capitalize the the . Is that what youíre getting at? If not, let me know. Thanks for your great website! Iím going back on forth on the punctuation of the resume list last name in thesis satisfaction this sentence: She picked up the envelope marked Jamison that sat on her desk. My latest thought is that Chicago 7.58 applies here. It says that proper nouns used as words are usually set in roman (as opposed to words used as words, which are italicized or enclosed in plan dental quotation marks).
What do you think? PS Do you have an idea of when your new book will be out in print format? Oops, typing too fast! Meant ďback and forth.Ē Diane, I donít think that Jamison is being used as a word here. At least not the same way the word iPod is used in the CMOS example (and in this sentence). Yet thatís just my opinion.
Iíd probably use italics for a reference to words on an envelope or piece of thesis, paper. Plan Dental. Maybe quotation marks if the wording was different, if the sentence included said or write . óShe picked up the envelopeówith its chicken-scratch version of Jamison on on life, the backófrom her desk. Like you, I go back and forth with the options. But sometimes the rest of the sentence guides the choice. The book is being formatted. Iíll let everyone know when itís coming as soon as I have a date. Thank you for all that you do for resume verb, us. How would you use quotations in thesis on life satisfaction an authorís thoughts to herself. Example: The executive officers never intended to so thoroughly betray their underlings. ďOr do they?Ē I would often ask myself. Melissa, this article (and the comments) on list, character thoughts should give you some ideas. If you canít find what youíre looking for there, let me know.
Do italicize the names of specific Disney attractions? For example, do I italicize The Festival of Fantasy Parade? A great question, Brianna. I had to do a little checking, but no italics for the attractions or the areas of the park (Fantasyland). Just capitalize the names of the attractions. If you refer to a movie or book title on on life satisfaction, which a ride is based, be sure to use italics for the movie or book reference.
How do you list TV shows and when episodes on social media where you canít use italics and bold? Nicky, definitely capitalize them, both the names of the shows and the names of the episodes. Since you can probably still use quotation marks, use those for the episode titles. You might have to go with only on life satisfaction, caps for the show titles. This is CMOSís response when asked about the inability to use italics on social mediaó Capitalization, Titles . Iím thinking that all caps might be the best solution if you show both a show title and episode titles, simply to differentiate them. But quotation marks should be acceptable when you have only the show titles. A great question. Maybe others will contribute their solutions.
Thank you for thesis map, the help. Such a helpful article Ė thanks Beth. The only thesis, thing Iím still not 100% on is when referring to out numbers, a historically significant event within a story. E.g. Things hadnít seemed so bleak since . (Note: I donít know how to stylise whatís in on life the ďpointy brackets.Ē) Iím guessing it only in an essay, needs to be capitalised like the Great Depression, or the thesis on life satisfaction Big BangÖ? Please help. Thank you, thank you, thank you!
Ahh, that didnít work. Dental. What I wrote in the ďpointy bracketsĒ got removed. Hereís my example again: Things hadnít seemed so bleak since [the scouring of scones]. A good question, Joel. Treat fictional historical events the same way youíd treat actual historical events in our world. On Life Satisfaction. So for plan dental, something like a famous battleóThe Battle of Britainóyouíd capitalize it. For a family tale, even if the thesis storyís been passed down for yearsóthe raiding of old Tomís farmódonít capitalize the event. Business Dental. No quotation marks or italics are necessary for either.
Is the scouring of scones a known historical event in your story world or is thesis on life, this wording just a casual way some characters refer to the event? CMOS 16 (8.74) gives a list of events, some capitalized (the Boston Tea Party, the Great Chicago Fire, the Cultural Revolution) and some not (the civil rights movement, the resume list crash of 1929, the fire of 1871). You may simply have to make a decision. Capitalizing the words would turn the Scouring of the Scones into a big deal, maybe into an event thatís commemorated annually, an event known to both sides in on life a war or disagreement. But not all big events are capitalized. We wouldnít write the Signing of the Magna Carta (capitalizing the word signing ) or the igcse Opening of Hunting Season (capitalizing any of the satisfaction words) or the Last Trek of the Alloni. If the event was written the Great Scone Scourge? You might want to cap that. We do, after all, capitalize the Black Death. Igcse. Yet youíll also want to consider the scope of the thesis on life event. An event known only out numbers in an essay, locally probably doesnít need caps.
The event can still be important, even if itís not capitalized. I hope that helps. ďIĒ, he said, ďam disgusted.Ē Original sentence is ďI am disgustedĒ, not ďI, am disgustedĒ, with the comma after ďIĒ. Thus, the question mark goes outside the ending quote marks (ďIĒ,). ďI am disgusted,Ē he said, ďbut I think Iíll get over thesis, it.Ē
Original sentence is thesis, ďI am disgusted, but I think Iíll get over it.Ē The comma goes after ďdisgustedĒ (inside the quotes) because a comma is required before ďbutĒ at that point in thesis the sentenceóthat is, the comma separates two independent clauses, the second of hooks map, which starts with the satisfaction coordinating conjunction ďbutĒ. Do you agree with my punctuation and logic in anthropological dissertation both sentences above? This is on life, strictly for igcse, logical punctuation. I recently wrote a movie review on my blog, and because I couldnít italicize the movieís title in my blog post title, I used double quotation marks, as follows: ďFar from the satisfaction Madding CrowdĒ. But Iíve seen that most titles of business, blog posts that refer to movies and thesis satisfaction books either donít use any quotation marks or they use single quotation marks that read as follows: ĎFar from the clep essays Madding Crowdí. If I canít use italics in my blog post title, which should I use: double quotation marks, single quotation marks, or no quotation marks? And thanks for such an informative and helpful website! Ginger, when you see single quotation marks, itís probably because the thesis author or editor is following the practice of newspapers to use single quotation marks when titles (of books or movies) or other words requiring quotation marks appear in art coursework igcse article titles. Space is at a premium in newspapers, so single quotation marks are a standard practice there. You could do the same thing with a blog post title, but you could just as easily use double quotation marksóitís not likely that youíd be dealing with a space issue. Thesis. But either would work and be acceptable.
I wouldnít recommend going without any quotation marks because that could confuse readers. Thesis Hooks. If youíre going to thesis satisfaction, mention a book or movie in a blog post title and you canít italicize, use quotation marks of spell, one kind or the thesis on life satisfaction other. And thank you. Iím glad you find the business dental site useful. That clarifies things. Thanks so much! Beth, for on life satisfaction, some reason punctuation for when spell out numbers in an essay, the following sentence flummoxes me: When Jennifer Patterson paid me an ill-timed visit, asking me to take her son and thesis on life fix him, she started with ďWe havenít always agreed.Ē Should there be quotations marks, should there be commas after Ďstarted withí and Ďvisit,í and is it correct to capitalize Ďweí? Total brain drain on english composition essays, this one!
Any help would be greatly appreciated! Thanks! Cassie, I can see why this one has you wondering. Letís look at the first comma first. You actually have options here. That is, this sentence would be correct with and without that first comma. On Life Satisfaction. Comma use depends on art coursework igcse, the intended meaning.
I see asking me to take her son as a nonessential phrase. On Life. If thatís the case, put a comma between visit and asking. If the meaning you want is the when spell out numbers in an essay same one youíd create if you used dashes or parentheses, then that first comma is needed. If, however, you consider that phrase to be essential, donít include that first comma. If the meaning youíre going for is similar to thisóWhen Jennifer Patterson paid me an ill-timed visit to ask me to take her son and fix him . . On Life. .óthen you wouldnít include that first comma. In this second case, the information is essential and therefore you wouldnít need that first comma. (The comma between him and she is necessary, however, to separate the dependent clause from the independent clause that follows it.) As for the next questions, theyíre a bit tricky. You havenít included a true attributionóshe saidóso you donít actually have to use a comma. Youíre quoting in this instance, not conveying a section of dialogue. Your example is closer to examples in CMOS that show run-in quotations (section 13.14 in the 16th edition) without a comma.
In The Copyeditorís Handbook (CH) (in the american anthropological dissertation section on stronger and weaker punctuation), the same kind of thesis, setup is shown without the introductory comma as well. Consider this as a quote thatís part of the clep english composition structure of the sentence. CMOS calls similar constructions a syntactical part of the sentence. She started with a song. She started with hope. She started with the words ďWe havenít always agreed.Ē ** She started with ďWe havenít always agreed.Ē She started with the admission ďwe havenít always agreed.Ē Youíd be safe to drop the comma. As for the capital letter, CH shows a capital letter in their example. On Life. CMOS says that you can use a lowercase letter if the quotation is thesis, truly syntactical.
CMOS shows a capital letter when thereís an attribution, when the satisfaction quotation is being set apart. Since there seems to be disagreement between at out numbers in an essay, least two sources, you probably could argue the thesis on life satisfaction case for either a capital letter or a lowercase one. But if you usually use CMOS recommendations, you might want to stick to hooks map, lowercase. As for thesis satisfaction, the quotation marks themselves, since it is a quote, use them. If you rewrote and said something likeóShe started with the words** we havenít always agreed óyou could use italics and lowercase the first letter. We can use italics for words used as words, so italics is an option. Itís likely that some might say that started with is closer to being an attribution than it is different from being one and insist on art coursework, a comma. Thesis Satisfaction. And I think that argument could be made. Yet because the english essays sentence could imply or include so many other components that wouldnít require a commaóas in thesis my example sentence with the when in an word admission óomitting the comma in this case is perfectly acceptable. For your sentence, Iíd suggest no comma and lowercase first letter.
Thanks for thesis on life, such great questions. You likely werenít the only one wondering such things. Oh, thank you so much! The more I searched, the more confused I became! You explained it so well, I actually understood your answer! Again, thank you!
Hi Iím not sure if youíve answered this question, but I think it would be similar to your previous answer regarding video games. Art Coursework Igcse. If Iím discussing an app on my blog, would I just capitalize each initial word. The name of the app is Think Dirty. Shelbi, youíre rightójust caps. To make sure your readers understand that itís the title of an app, you might want to mention that at thesis satisfaction, the very beginning:
The Think Dirty app is thesis hooks map, a . . . Think Dirty is an app you can use to . . . Thank you! Youíre awesome. Beth, Iím back. Thesis Satisfaction. (Iím really not as dense as I seem *g*). Business Dental. I have a question about ellipses in the middle of a sentence like this: I wouldnít have thought twice about dragging her to the back room except Ö glassy eyes, dilated pupils. I put on one of those damn hats again, too worried about the drugs she took and who gave them to her.
Is an satisfaction ellipsis the proper punctuation in that example? If it is, should there be a space before and after when itís in the middle of a sentence, or is an thesis hooks em dash the more correct punctuation? Thanks so much for taking the time to answer the questions posted! Hi Beth, I understand that if I say the followingóhe sounded like Jesus from thesis on life South Parkóthat South Park should be italicised (as itís a TV show). But should the character, Jesus, be in quotations (given this particular name of a fictional cartoon character)? Just a capital J for Jesus, Paula.
Itís a name, so nothing else is when out numbers in an, required. I have a question for you. Satisfaction. Iím including a will reading in my book. And though the lawyer is the one physically reading it to the niece I want the readers to get a sense of the aunt. Like what they do in movies. Art Coursework Igcse. When you see someone reading a letter or something from someone and instead of the readers voice, we hear the writers voice? Am i making sense? Anyway, my question is on life, should I italicize the igcse will reading since that is the effect iím going for or should I leave it just as the lawyer reading it, Thank you! If I am including segments of newspaper articles or segments of legal documents in my genealogical research writing, do I, or can I, italicize it and set it off in thesis satisfaction the center of the resume verb list page for clarity or emphasis?
Beth, Iím told that we very technically punctuate words as words in the following manner (i.e., we italicize the word and place the satisfaction plural ending in roman type). Can you confirm this on resume verb, your end? No recasts, please. Thank you for any help. Let me try that again. Sorry. Do all of the following look good?
Lou, for words as words and when the thesis satisfaction word itself isnít plural but weíre making it plural, these look goodóand yes, roman text for the plural ending. But Iíd certainly rewrite some of these. The letter of the law makes for map, some pretty poor options for a few of these words. Of course, the examples above are the thesis plurals of words as words. Could quote marks (like this) be used as an alternative? ďwasĒes, ďhisĒes, ďisĒes, ďasĒes, ďusĒes, etc. CMOS recommends ďwasesĒ rather than ďwasĒesóno plural ending outside of the closing quotation mark. (And of course, no italics needed with the use of the quotation marks.) Thanks as always, Beth. So these are correct too, then? ďwasĒes, ďhisĒes, ďisĒes, ďasĒes, ďusĒes, etc. And Chicago recommends ďwasesĒ without an italicized ďwasĒ?
Where did you find ďwasesĒ in Chicago 16? I didnít find ďwasesĒ as an example. The CMOS example is ďto be continueds.Ē They say to form plurals inside quotation marks in dental the usual wayóso not ďto be continuedĒs. Thesis On Life. This is in CMOS 7.12 (16th ed.) CMOS shows no italics for their example, just the plural phrase in hooks map quotation marks.
So when youíre using quotation marks, follow their example. If youíre using italics, use italics for only the thesis satisfaction word itself, not the plural. Except, of composition essays, course, if the whole word, the thesis on life satisfaction plural version, is in italics. Aside from Chicago, I think these could work (they are much clearer). Do you think that all examples below, for the plurals of words as words, are correct. Sorry, Lou. I meant to get back to these. Actually, I probably wouldnít ever use these for plurals. Plan Dental. The standard way to make plurals (adding s or es ) works well. The apostrophe would likely cause too much confusion.
I agree with CMOS (7.13) on thesis on life satisfaction, this one. Hi, Beth. Itís possible that you already answered this question and I just missed it, but what would you do if youíre hearing both sides of a phone conversation? For example, in spell out numbers essay the book Iím currently working on, my main character is at home talking to thesis on life, her brother on hooks map, the phone. Satisfaction. Rather than constantly referencing the fellowship phone, I have his dialogue in italics to show that heís not the room, and hers in regular roman text. Would this be correct, or should I keep it all in roman? Iíve seen it both ways in other books Ė is there an thesis industry standard?
Megan, there isnít a standard because there are different ways to approach such a conversation. Yet yours seems a straightforward conversation. I suggest simply letting readers know the conversation is talking place by phone and then treat that conversation like regular dialogue. If the reader gets to hear both sides, thereís nothing wrong with roman text and business quotation marks. Whether characters are face to face, in different rooms of a house, or talking by phone, if the reader gets to hear everything, this is normal dialogue. Beth, Iím at a loss about punctuation in the following sentence: I shivered as icicles of expectationóor was it foreboding?ócarreened down my spine. Is the punctuation correct as is, and if I wanted to thesis, get rid of the clep composition em dashes, could I still use a question in the middle of the on life satisfaction sentence? Cassie, the clep english composition question inside the dashes works well. If youíre talking nonfiction, you could go with either the dashes or a pair of parentheses.
But for fiction, stick with the dashes. I canít see another wayóa better wayóto include a question midsentence. Commas arenít strong enough. Thanks, Beth! I appreciate your comment! Hi, thanks for this informative article. I have a question about signs. Specifically, in thesis satisfaction this sentence: ďThere was a sign on the door that said Knock Before Entering.Ē Quotes?
Italics? Neither? Jared, the american anthropological association dissertation Chicago Manual of Style recommends headline style for signs in running textóno quotation marks or italics. So that means capitalize first and last words and almost all words except for conjunctions, prepositions, and on life satisfaction articles. Thesis Map. But when the sign text gets long, CMOS suggests quotation marks and no caps. For your example, keep it as isócapitalizing the three words. Awesome.
Thanks for the reply. What a rich resource you have provided us with, Beth Hill! I am having difficulty finding an thesis on life satisfaction answer to resume verb, a specific question. Foreign language organization names: to italicize or not? In the work I am currently editing, the writer sometimes refers to a Spanish organization name, and often (but not always) she also provides the English translation (or actual English version, when there is one in use). My tendency is to start with the on life English and put the Spanish version next to it in brackets, italicised, and, if I only english essays, have the Spanish version, to simply italicize it. Thesis Satisfaction. Am I on association minority dissertation, the right track? Many thanks if you can help me! Yasemin, I know we talked about satisfaction, this on another thread, but to american association fellowship, answer here for thesis on life, other readersóno, donít italicize proper nouns in foreign languages. Names, including company names, donít get italics.
I am a bit puzzled why you donít use the names of business, parts of speech in your guidelines. For example: ďNouns are typically the thesis on life words that youíll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize named nouns. So Fido is capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret (used as a name) is capitalized, but my aunt is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization.Ē You are actually defining a new term, ďnamed nounĒ, instead of clep composition, using an existing term, ďproper nounĒ. It is confounding because all nouns are names of things. So the above paragraph could be re-written as. ďNouns are typically the words that youíll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize proper nouns, not common nouns.
So Fido (proper noun) is capitalized, but dog (common noun) is on life, not. Thesis Hooks. Titles are covered under proper nouns: Aunt Margaret (title of a specific person and thesis on life proper noun) is capitalized, but my aunt (common noun) is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization.Ē Ranjeet, I wasnít intending to create a new term. Not all readers here know all the terms, so I try to provide examples that make sense whether or not someone knows proper terminology. Saying that a name is capitalized helps explain what to plan dental, do with nouns that are names and those that arenít. All nouns arenít actually namesódog isnít a name, but Fido is. On Life Satisfaction. Girl isnít a name, but Sally is. That is what I was trying to stress with my examples. Iím sorry to have confused you. Hi Beth.
Great stuff. Thanks. A quickie, since I canít see it in the growing list of comments. I have some narrative sections where I need/want to thesis hooks map, provide a definition of a foreign term. For example: The town of Careiro do Castanho (Castanho, for short, meaning nut-coloured)Ö
In this example, the second use of the word ĎCastanhoí is as a proper noun (as an abbreviation for the full name), but it has a meaning in thesis satisfaction the foreign language for which I also want to provide a translation to English. Iím writing in British English. The question is, what is the appropriate style to use for clep english composition essays, the words in parenthesis ĎCastanhoí and Ďnut-colouredí? (If you could also tell me the answer to the question of life, the universe and thesis on life satisfaction eveything, that would be nice. In witting, when you say, I gave him a look that said, you wanna bet? or her look said, youíre joking, right? what is the proper way to format this? Would you use quotations or italicize? HiiÖIím at a loss about punctuation in the following sentence: I shivered as icicles of anthropological association minority, expectationóor was it foreboding?ócarreened down my spine. Online News Publish. News, your sentence works just as youíve written it.
What punctuation are you worried about? Thank you Beth. To have it all collected is very helpful. One small hint: Your Grandmother would use ďDu bist ÖĒ rather than ďSie sind ÖĒ, except if sheís never met you before. Itís a little confusing as both translate into on life satisfaction ďYou are ÖĒ Steve, thanks for the tip on the German. I do believe the grandmother would know her grandchild.
Hi Beth. When Spell Out Numbers In An. I read elsewhere in a style guide that quotation mark and on life italics should never be used together for a title. But I have a dilema. Iím quoting the title of an Italian song. The song title is a bit long, and art coursework itís in Italian, which would normally require italics. How should I handle this? Do I supplant one rule in favor of the other? And if so, which one? Thanks for your input. J.D., yours is satisfaction, another great question.
Go with the quotation marks, no italics. We donít italicize proper nouns in foreign languages, so look at a title in the same way. Let the quotation marks do the work. Hi Beth. An italics questionóin fiction, a character picks up a letter and thesis begins to on life, read it, but she is igcse, not reading it out loud. Does the text of the letter go in thesis on life satisfaction italics? Hope you werenít already asked thisóI did try to skim all the comments before posting. I was asked to comment on a document which contained this phrase (quotation marks deliberately left out for clarity here):
This direction is usually referred to as a Ďshelter in thesis map placeí. The single quotation marks seem wrong to thesis, me. Hooks. I am pretty sure ďshelter in placeĒ should be capitalised, but would you use italics or leave the quotes? This post was very helpful. Iím a former English teacher, and my memory of thesis on life, all the minutiae has eroded. Thanks for american anthropological association, the refresher. This post is amazing!
I wish I had stumbled upon it BEFORE I finished my 170k-word manuscript! Or should I say before (italics)? What do you think of using all-caps for thesis, the words you want to emphasize? Not recommended? One of your readers mentioned using both quotation marks and italics for resume, his fantasy charactersí dialogs to differentiate between that of ordinary speaking and that of an entity or spirit. Whatís your take on thesis on life, that?
My heroine has a split-personality and multiple dialogs with the voice in her head. They are all in italics and american minority fellowship quotation marks, resulting in sometimes entire pages in italics. Satisfaction. Should I just skip the plan dental italics all together and treat those crazy inner conversations as regular dialogs, in roman type? I hope you still have patience to thesis, reply to comments on this 2,5-year-old post. #128512; This post is really good. My book starts from a writings of a journal and later it quickly gets to the scene where the writer of when out numbers in an, that journal is thesis on life satisfaction, distracted by something. How do I separate the scene and the words of journal? Is it okay to use italics as a representation writings of that character? I have encountered an entire line quoted in foreign words in a written short story that I am trying to resume list, proofread. I would like to know whether the quote must remain as it is, or be Italicized instead?
I would greatly appreciate if you d reply. Mohamed, go ahead and italicize it. That way it stands out as something other. Which would I use (italics or quotation marks) for the last word? The painting had a small plaque in thesis on life satisfaction the corner that read Facets. ďFacetsĒ is the title of the painting. Clep Composition. Just italics, as itís like a sign?
Or quotes, because itís quoting the plaque? And would it require a comma between ďreadĒ and ďFacetsĒ? (I canít make italics on my post, so I just put it all in quotes, sorry.) TLH, no comma is on life, necessary when you run a quotation into the sentence this way. Thesis Map. So if you use the satisfaction quotation marks, no comma. If the text on the plaque was long, a phrase or a sentence rather than a single word, Iíd definitely suggest quotation marks. Itís as if someone is quoting the sign. But a single wordóand a title, at thatómakes the situation different.
In my opinion youíre no longer quoting the sign, simply reporting the title. Still, thereís an argument for both conditions. Iíd go with italics for this one, but quotation marks wouldnít be wrong. Or you could rewrite. The painting bore a small plaque in one corner: Facets.
To create italics or bold or underlining in american anthropological association fellowship comments, encase the text between the thesis following commands, except substitute angle brackets for clep composition essays, parentheses (): The space shuttle name is spelled Endeavour. It is thesis on life, indeed. Art Coursework Igcse. Thanks for on life, the heads-up, Will. So maybe it's not only about the words. It's about syntax. And plot. And action. It's voice and thesis pacing and dialogue. It's about characters with character. It's about putting the words together to touch, to entertain, to move the reader.
So, yeah, maybe it's all about the words. Expanded Version Now Available in a PDF. Buy your PDF copy today. Good folks, every one. Each on a path toward fulfilling their writing dreams. Our paths have crossed, and satisfaction I'm honored to call these friends and colleagues. The reader will focus on what stands out.
Turn the spell out numbers in an reader's attention where you want it to satisfaction, go. Thank you for reading The Editor's Blog, an Internet resource for fiction writers, freelance editors, and everyone who loves words. Copyright 2010-2016 E. A. Hill Visit Beth at A Novel Edit.
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PS Did we mention itís free? #1. Enjoy Free Museums Free Family Events. The National Museums of Ireland in Dublin offer a great day out and are hosting an array of family workshops and events throughout July and August. Admission is free. The award winning Museum of Country Life in Mayo has lots of great free workshops and events throughout the resume verb list year.
There are interactive exhibitions and a fun games box for the kids. Admission is free. #2. Enjoy Free Street Performances in Dublin Cork. Laya City Spectacular is back in Dublin Cork again this July. Watch the worldís best all-round entertainers compete for the coveted #8216;Street Performance World Champion#8217; title, and there#8217;s a host of thesis on life many more free family friendly events throughout the festival.
In Merrion Square, Dublin from 7th 9th July, Fitzgerald Park, Cork from 15th 16th July 2017. #3. Find Prehistoric Footprints on Valentia Island, Kerry. Visit the Tetrapod Trackway on Valentia Island to see footprints that are older than dinosaurs! Valentia Island lies at the end of the Iveragh Peninsula, more familiar to many as the location of the Ring of Kerry. And on the island you will find one of only art coursework igcse, 4 sets of prehistoric footprints in the world!
The footprints give an thesis, invaluable view of the transition of life from water onto land. #4. See The Phoenix at business plan dental SeaFest Galway. Irelandís national maritime festival, SeaFest 2017 takes place in Galway from thesis on life satisfaction, June 30th to July 2nd. Galway Harbour will be transformed into an Ďopen air sea worldí for the three-day festival with a host of FREE family friendly entertainment and attractions on water and land. PowerFlyís world champion flyboarders will perform stunning aerial acrobatics and there will be a veritable flotilla of ships, many of which are open for public tours. Another top attraction will be the return of the famous tall ship, The Phoenix, which was a huge draw at SeaFest 2016. The free festival also hosts exhibits on marine life and fun educational activities that bring children on a journey of discovery when it comes to the mysteries of the clep essays ocean.
Foodies can get tips from seafood cookery experts and sample some tasty bites. #5. Celebrate the Mighty Salmon in Ballina. Thesis Satisfaction! Ballina Salmon Festival is the largest community-run festival in the West of spell out numbers in an Ireland with over 50 individual events. The 53rd annual festival takes place from July 9th to 16th 2017. Over a third of the programme is dedicated to satisfaction, children#8217;s events, with a number of free events included. There are also lots of fun events for adults! #6. Visit the business plan Most Romantic Gardens in on life satisfaction, Ireland in Carlow. This Summer take the Carlow Garden Trail which features more than 21 gardening attractions including the dissertation fellowship most romantic garden in Ireland, Altamont. Near Tullow, Altamont is an enchanting blend of formal and informal gardens located on thesis a 100 acre estate. Whilst still little known, it ranks in the top ten of Irish gardens and is often referred to resume, as #8216;the jewel in Ireland#8217;s gardening crown#8217;.
The formal lawns slope down to satisfaction, a romantic lake, and thereís a fascinating walk, which kids love, through the art coursework Arboretum, Bog Garden and Ice Age Glen with its canopy of ancient oaks leading to the River Slaney. Thereís a garden centre, tea-rooms during summer months, and picnic areas. #7. Find the Gruffalo at Colin Glen Park, Belfast. Colin Glen Forest Park near Belfast is home to satisfaction, Northern Irelandís only official Gruffalo Trail. Each character has been magically recreated by sculptor Andrew McIntyre and set against the backdrop of a stunning forest park. Enter through the Gruffalo Archway and walk through the leafy park to a beautiful Gruffalo themed seating area next to the cascading Colin river.
Your children will be completely amazed at meeting their favourite Gruffalo characters, whilst getting out in the fresh air. #8. Visit an OPW site on a Wednesday. During the Summer months, most OPW Heritage sites are free to visit on the first Wednesday of each month. Tickets are allocated on a first come, first served basis. Cork Charles Fort, Desmond Castle (French Prison), Ilnacullin (Garinish Island) Donegal Donegal Castle, Glebe House and Gallery Dublin The Casino, Marino, Dublin Castle, State Apartments, Kilmainham Gaol Galway Athenry Castle, Aughnanure Castle, Dun Aonghasa, Portumna Castle and thesis hooks map, Gardens, Patrick Pearse#8217;s Cottage (Teach an Phiarsaigh) Kerry Ardfert Cathedral, Derrynane House, National Historic Park, Ionad an Bhlascaoid Mhoir, The Blascaod Centre, Ross Castle Kildare Castletown Kilkenny Dunmore Cave, Jerpoint Abbey, Kilkenny Castle Laois Emo Court Leitrim Parke#8217;s Castle Limerick Adare Castle Louth Old Mellifont Abbey Mayo Ceide Fields Meath Battle of the Boyne Ė Oldbridge Estate, Bru na Boinne Visitor Centre (Newgrange and Knowth) Please note that the monuments can only be accessed via the Visitor Centre.
A: Exhibition B: Exhibition Newgrange C: Exhibition Knowth D: Exhibition, Newgrange Knowth Hill of thesis Tara Trim Castle (including keep) Trim Castle (excluding keep) Offaly Clonmacnoise Roscommon Rathcroghan Sligo Carrowmore Megalithic Cemetery Sligo Abbey Tipperary Cahir Castle, Rock of Cashel, Roscrea Heritage (Castle and Damer House) and clep, the Blackmills Swiss Cottage Waterford Reginald#8217;s Tower Wexford John F. Kennedy Arboretum, Tintern Abbey Wicklow Glendalough Visitor Centre. The Waterford Greenway is now open and encompasses 46km along a disused railway, and has been specially designed for cycling, walking and running. You can hire bicycles and stop at thesis on life lots of interesting places along the english essays route which has coastline views, viaduct, tunnel and even a spectacular gorge. Find out on life more and download an interactive map at www.visitwaterfordgreenway.com. #10. Watch Giants Parade through the Streets of in an Galway. As part of the thesis annual Galway International Arts Festival , which has events running from July 17th to 30th 2016, the parades through the streets have amazing sights such as fire-breathing insects, giant dragons and beautiful butterflies.
Prepare to be dazzled! Bagenalstown Summer Madness Festival 2017 is a family friendly festival, taking place from igcse, July 14th 16th. Events include free street entertainment, music, their ever popular duck race, raft racing along the thesis river and lots more family fun. #12. Take a Gallery Tour at Visual Centre for Contemporary Art, Carlow. Admission to plan, the galleries at the Visual Centre for satisfaction Contemporary Art in Carlow is free of charge, so why not take a trip and see the igcse latest exhibition. Gallery tours on Sundays are also free of satisfaction charge Ė they take place at 2.30pm 3.30pm and american dissertation fellowship, last 30 mins. No prior booking needed for families and small groups. #13.
Spot some Fairies in Tipperary and Kerry. Thesis On Life! Head to when essay, the lovely Town Park in Templemore, Co. Tipperary and thesis, walk past the lake, to find the fairy trail in thesis hooks map, the woods. Try and spot all the fairy doors, which are updated at seasonal times like Christmas and Halloween (there are about 38 we believe). Afterwards feed the ducks and swans and let the kids play in the playground, while you get a ďworkoutĒ on the outdoor adult gym. Be sure to pack a picnic and bring your teddy bears along for a great day of free family fun. There are also two magical fairy trails to be found in Kerry : one in on life satisfaction, the wooded surrounds of Derrynane House, Caherdaniel, and the other in the woods of the Parknasilla Resort.
Both are free and open to all visitors. #14. Cycle or Walk the Greenway in association minority fellowship, Mayo. The Greenway in Co Mayo is the longest cycling and off-road walking trail in Ireland. Spanning 42km from Westport to Achill you are guaranteed traffic free routes which take you through some breathtaking scenery. Pack a picnic and take a stroll or cycle with the family this summer. #15. Enjoy Nature at Clara Bog Nature Reserve, Offaly. Clara Bog Nature Reserve in on life satisfaction, Co. Offaly is free to visit and has many free events for children.
The bog itself is reputed to be the composition essays best remaining example of raised bog in Western Europe. There is a boardwalked 1 km looped walk on Clara Bog which lets you see the wonderful plants, birds and animals which Clara Bog is thesis satisfaction home to and to soak up the atmosphere of an exceptional raised bog in business dental, the heart of Ireland.(NB wear trainers or shoes).The Visitor Centre also organises walks, art and nature activities on a regular basis. Thesis On Life Satisfaction! #16. Explore the Festival of Curiosity, Dublin. Head out to play at in an Festival of Curiosity this summer, in various Dublin venues from July 20th to satisfaction, 23rd 2017. From the free day time family programme to lively and curated curious nights, expect a programme full of art coursework surprise and delight. Satisfaction! The Festival of Curiosity is Irelandís annual celebration at the intersection of art, science, technology and design and english composition, has quickly grown to being one of the thesis on life most exciting and innovative festivals of its kind in Europe. #17. Hit the Trails at Curragh Chase, Limerick.
Curragh Chase Forest Park is essay located 22km west of Limerick on the N69 coast road close to Kilcornan and Askeaton. There are a number of on life looped way marked trails in clep composition, the park to suit all visitors. They vary from the multi-access trails suitable for wheelchair users and family walkers to the longer Curragh and Glenisca trails suitable for those looking for more demanding walking and cycling. Amenities include Public toilet, Picnic Site, Playground, Barbecue, Boat launch, Orienteering Course, Walking Trails, Cycling Trails, Arboreta/Gardens. #18. Go Retro at thesis Birr Vintage Week Arts Festival, Offaly. Birr Vintage Week Arts Festival runs from August 4th to 11th 2017 with free entertainment for children including music, markets, fairs, arts and craft activities a parade and much more. #19. Take a Day Out to resume list, Lough Muckno Leisure Park, Monaghan. A day out in Lough Muckno Leisure Park in Castleblayney is thesis satisfaction a must for all the family. There#8217;s plenty to keep the whole family occupied too, including walking trails, a Waterski Wakeboarding Club, fishing, nature walks and anthropological association minority, a lovely picnic area.
It is open all year around and thereís no admission fee. #20. Spot a Deer at thesis Phoenix Park, Dublin. At 1752 acres, the Phoenix Park is the largest urban park in Europe. It is home to Dublin Zoo, Aras an dental, Uachtarain (President#8217;s residence), Farmleigh House, visitor centre, picnic spots and plenty of on life playgrounds. Resume Verb List! Free admission tickets are issued at the Visitor Centre to visit Aras an Uachtarain on Saturdays.
The park is also home to a huge amount of wildlife, including a large herd of deer. Pack your bikes and scooters and enjoy some of the many cycling trails around the park while you see if you can spot a deer! Afterwards relax and enjoy watching play in the polo or cricket grounds. The playground and tearooms at the Visitor Centre are well worth a visit. Admission to the Visitor Centre exhibition is free, and visitors can enjoy a historical interpretation of the thesis on life park from 3500BC, inlcuding the art coursework history of Aras an Uachtarain. Every Sunday morning free childrenís workshops on nature awareness, history and heritage and arts and crafts take place, suitable for thesis on life ages 6-12 years. #21. Discover your heritage at National Heritage Week, Nationwide. Clep English Composition Essays! National Heritage Week runs from August 19th 27th 2017 with free events for all ages across the thesis on life satisfaction country.
Events take place across the country , including opportunities for anthropological minority fellowship free guided tours of thesis many of our heritage attractions. The perfect way to finish off the school holidays! A bonus one for you, the Bandon Walled Town Festival takes place from August 23rd to 27th with a family fun day on the 27th. There will be face painting, street entertainment, battle re-enactment, stall and loads more fun. And best of all, it is all FREE.
If you are looking for resume verb family friendly accommodation this summer, compare hotel prices to ensure you get the best rate possible for your chosen destination. Thesis Satisfaction! If you have any other suggestion for free things to do this summer that you#8217;d like us to share with other parents, let us know in the comments below. Have a Family Adventure at Delphi Resort this Halloween. Don#8217;t Be Afraid! 20+ Frighteningly Easy Halloween Nail Ideas. LEGO House Has Opened Its Doors Take a Peek Inside! Tap into our active engaged audience with tailored advertising to when spell out numbers, meet your marketing goals.
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Effects of Life Review on Happiness and Life Satisfaction in Older Adults
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and on life satisfaction Tips. We're about to dive deep into the details of that least beloved* of SAT sections, the SAT essay . Plan! Prepare for a discussion of the SAT essay rubric and thesis on life how the SAT essay is graded based on that. I'll break down what each item on the rubric means and when out numbers in an what you need to do to meet those requirements. On the SAT, the last section you'll encounter is the (optional) essay. You have 50 minutes to on life satisfaction, read a passage, analyze the art coursework igcse author's argument, and write an essay. If you donít write on thesis satisfaction, the assignment, plagiarize, or don't use your own original work, you'll get a 0 on your essay.
Otherwise, your essay scoring is clep composition, done by two graders - each one grades you on a scale of 1-4 in on life satisfaction, Reading, Analysis, and Writing, for a total essay score out of 8 in each of those three areas . But how do these graders assign your writing a numerical grade? By using an business plan dental, essay scoring guide, or rubric. *may not actually be the least beloved. The Complete SAT Essay Grading Rubric: Item-by-Item Breakdown. Based on thesis on life, the CollegeBoardís stated Reading, Analysis, and Writing criteria, I've created the below charts (for easier comparison across score points).
For the purpose of going deeper into just what the SAT is looking for in your essay, I've then broken down each category further (with examples). The information in all three charts is taken from the in an College Board site. The biggest change to the SAT essay (and the thing that really distinguishes it from the satisfaction ACT essay) is that you are required to read and analyze a text , then write about your analysis of the author's argument in anthropological association minority, your essay. Your Reading grade on on life, the SAT essay reflects how well you were able to business, demonstrate your understanding of the text and the author's argument in your essay. The response demonstrates little or no comprehension of the source text. The response fails to on life satisfaction, show an understanding of the textís central idea(s), and may include only american anthropological association minority, details without reference to central idea(s). The response may contain numerous errors of fact and/or interpretation with regard to satisfaction, the text. The response makes little or no use of art coursework, textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating little or no understanding of the source text. The response demonstrates some comprehension of the source text. The response shows an satisfaction, understanding of the textís central idea(s) but not of clep english, important details. The response may contain errors of fact and/or interpretation with regard to the text.
The response makes limited and/or haphazard use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating some understanding of the thesis satisfaction source text. The response demonstrates effective comprehension of the source text. The response shows an thesis hooks map, understanding of the textís central idea(s) and satisfaction important details. The response is free of substantive errors of fact and interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes appropriate use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating an plan, understanding of the thesis satisfaction source text. The response demonstrates thorough comprehension of the source text. The response shows an understanding of the textís central idea(s) and of most important details and how they interrelate, demonstrating a comprehensive understanding of the text. The response is free of errors of fact or interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes skillful use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating a complete understanding of the plan source text. You'll need to thesis, show your understanding of the text on two different levels: the surface level of getting your facts right and resume verb list the deeper level of getting the relationship of the details and on life the central ideas right.
One of the most important ways you can show you've actually read the passage is making sure you stick to thesis hooks, what is said in the text . If youíre writing about things the author didnít say, or things that contradict other things the author said, your argument will be fundamentally flawed. For instance, take this quotation from a (made-up) passage about why a hot dog is not a sandwich: ďThe fact that you canít, or wouldnít, cut a hot dog in half and eat it that way, proves that a hot dog is once and for thesis on life, all NOT a sandwichĒ Here's an example of a factually inaccurate paraphrasing of this quotation: The author builds his argument by discussing how, since hot-dogs are often served cut in half, this makes them different from sandwiches. The paraphrase contradicts the spell out numbers in an passage, and so would negatively affect your reading score.
Now let's look at an accurate paraphrasing of the quotation: The author builds his argument by discussing how, since hot-dogs are never served cut in half, they are therefore different from sandwiches. It's also important to thesis on life, be faithful to the text when you're using direct quotations from the when in an passage. Misquoting or badly paraphrasing the authorís words weakens your essay, because the evidence youíre using to thesis, support your points is resume verb, faulty. Higher Level: Understanding of Central Ideas. The next step beyond being factually accurate about the passage is thesis on life, showing that you understand the business central ideas of the text and how details of the on life passage relate back to this central idea. Why does this matter? In order to be able to explain why the author is persuasive, you need to be able to resume verb, explain the satisfaction structure of the argument. And you canít deconstruct the plan dental author's argument if you donít understand the central idea of the thesis satisfaction passage and how the details relate to it.
Here's an example of business dental, a statement about our fictional hot dogs are sandwiches passage that shows understanding of the central idea of the passage: Hodgmanís third primary defense of on life, why hot dogs are not sandwiches is that a hot dog is not a subset of any other type of food. He uses the analogy of asking the question ďis cereal milk a broth, sauce, or gravy?Ē to show that making such a comparison between hot dogs and sandwiches is patently illogical. The above statement takes one step beyond merely being factually accurate to explain the relation between different parts of the passage (in this case, the anthropological association relation between the what is cereal milk? analogy and the hot dog/sandwich debate). Of course, if you want to score well in all three essay areas, youíll need to do more in your essay than merely summarizing the authorís argument. This leads directly into the next grading area of the SAT Essay. The items covered under this criterion are the most important when it comes to writing a strong essay. You can use well-spelled vocabulary in sentences with varied structure all you want, but if you don't analyze the author's argument, demonstrate critical thinking, and support your position, you will not get a high Analysis score . The response offers little or no analysis or ineffective analysis of the source text and demonstrates little or no understanding of the analytic task. The response identifies without explanation some aspects of the thesis on life satisfaction authorís use of essay, evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the studentís choosing, Or numerous aspects of the responseís analysis are unwarranted based on on life, the text. The response contains little or no support for claim(s) or point(s) made, or support is largely irrelevant.
The response may not focus on features of the text that are relevant to addressing the task, Or the response offers no discernible analysis (e.g., is art coursework igcse, largely or exclusively summary). The response offers limited analysis of the thesis on life source text and demonstrates only thesis map, partial understanding of the analytical task. The response identifies and thesis on life attempts to describe the authorís use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and hooks persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the studentís own choosing, but merely asserts rather than explains their importance, or one or more aspects of the responseís analysis are unwarranted based on the text. The response contains little or no support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response may lack a clear focus on those features of the text that are most relevant to thesis satisfaction, addressing the clep english composition task. The response offers an effective analysis of the source text and demonstrates an understanding of the analytical task. The response competently evaluates the authorís use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the thesis satisfaction studentís own choosing. The response contains relevant and sufficient support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses primarily on those features of the text that are most relevant to resume, addressing the task. The response offers an insightful analysis of the source text and demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the analytical task.
The response offers a thorough, well-considered evaluation of the authorís use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the studentís own choosing. The response contains relevant, sufficient, and strategically chosen support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses consistently on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task. Because this category is so important, I've broken it down even further into its two different (but equally important) component parts to make sure everything is as clearly explained as possible. Critical thinking, also known as critical reasoning, also known as logic, is the skill that SAT essay graders are really looking to see displayed in the essay. You need to be able to evaluate and analyze the claim put forward in the prompt. This is where a lot of students may get tripped up, because they think ďoh, well, if I can just write a lot, then Iíll do well.Ē While there is some truth to the assertion that longer essays tend to score higher, if you donít display critical thinking you wonít be able to get a top score on your essay.
What do I mean by critical thinking? Let's take the previous prompt example: Write an thesis, essay in which you explain how Hodgman builds an argument to persuade his audience that the out numbers essay hot dog cannot, and never should be, considered a sandwich. An answer to thesis on life, this prompt that does not display critical thinking (and would fall into a 1 or 2 on the rubric) would be something like: The author argues that hot dogs arenít sandwiches, which is persuasive to the reader. While this does evaluate the prompt (by providing a statement that the author's claim is business plan, persuasive to the reader), there is no corresponding analysis. An answer to this prompt that displays critical thinking (and would net a higher score on the rubric) could be something like this: The author uses analogies to hammer home his point that hot dogs are not sandwiches. Because the readers will readily believe the first part of the analogy is thesis on life satisfaction, true, they will be more likely to composition, accept that the second part (that hot dogs aren't sandwiches) is true as well. See the difference?
Critical thinking involves reasoning your way through a situation (analysis) as well as making a judgement (evaluation) . On the SAT essay, however, you canít just stop at abstract critical reasoning - analysis involves one more crucial step. Part II: Examples, Reasons, and Other Evidence (Support) The other piece of the puzzle (apparently this is a tiny puzzle) is making sure you are able to thesis on life satisfaction, back up your point of view and critical thinking with concrete evidence . Art Coursework! The SAT essay rubric says that the best (that is, 4-scoring) essay uses ď relevant, sufficient, and strategically chosen support for claim(s) or point(s) made. Ē This means you canít just stick to abstract reasoning like this: The author uses analogies to hammer home his point that hot dogs are not sandwiches. Because the readers will readily believe the first part of the analogy is true, they will be more likely to accept that the second part (that hot dogs aren't sandwiches) is true as well. That explanation is a good starting point, but if you don't back up your point of view with quoted or paraphrased information from the text to support your discussion of the way the author builds his/her argument, you will not be able to get above a 3 on on life, the Analysis portion of the resume verb list essay (and possibly the Reading portion as well, if you don't show you've read the passage). Let's take a look of an satisfaction, example of how you might support an interpretation of the author's effect on the reader using facts from the passage : The authorís reference to american anthropological association minority dissertation fellowship, the Biblical story about King Solomon elevates the on life debate about hot dogs from a petty squabble between friends to a life-or-death disagreement. The reader cannot help but see the business parallels between the two situations and thus find themselves agreeing with the author on this point. Does the author's reference to thesis, King Solomon actually elevate the debate, causing the reader to thesis map, agree with the author? From the sentences above, it certainly seems plausible that it might.
While your facts do need to be correct, you get a little more leeway with your interpretations of how the thesis satisfaction authorís persuasive techniques might affect the audience. As long as you can make a convincing argument for the effect a technique the author uses might have on the reader, youíll be good. Say whaaat?! #tbt by tradlands, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped and color-adjusted from original. Did I just blow your mind? Read more about the secrets the SAT doesnít want you to know in clep english composition essays, this article. Your Writing score on the SAT essay is not just a reflection of your grasp of the conventions of written English (although it is that as well). You'll also need to be focused, organized, and thesis on life satisfaction precise.
The response demonstrates little or no cohesion and inadequate skill in the use and control of language. The response may lack a clear central claim or controlling idea. The response lacks a recognizable introduction and conclusion. The response does not have a discernible progression of ideas. The response lacks variety in sentence structures; sentence structures may be repetitive. The response demonstrates general and vague word choice; word choice may be poor or inaccurate. Art Coursework! The response may lack a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a weak control of the thesis conventions of standard written English and may contain numerous errors that undermine the quality of writing. The response demonstrates little or no cohesion and american anthropological association minority fellowship limited skill in the use and satisfaction control of language. The response may lack a clear central claim or controlling idea or may deviate from the claim or idea over the course of the response. The response may include an ineffective introduction and/or conclusion.
The response may demonstrate some progression of ideas within paragraphs but not throughout the response. The response has limited variety in sentence structures; sentence structures may be repetitive. The response demonstrates general or vague word choice; word choice may be repetitive. The response may deviate noticeably from a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a limited control of the conventions of clep composition, standard written English and contains errors that detract from the quality of writing and may impede understanding. The response is mostly cohesive and demonstrates effective use and control of language. The response includes a central claim or implicit controlling idea. The response includes an effective introduction and conclusion.
The response demonstrates a clear progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. The response has variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates some precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone. The response shows a good control of the conventions of standard written English and thesis is free of significant errors that detract from the quality of english essays, writing. The response is cohesive and demonstrates a highly effective use and command of language.
The response includes a precise central claim. The response includes a skillful introduction and conclusion. Satisfaction! The response demonstrates a deliberate and highly effective progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. Plan Dental! The response maintains a formal style and thesis objective tone. The response shows a strong command of the conventions of standard written English and thesis hooks is free or virtually free of errors.
Because there's a lot of different factors that go into calculating your Writing score, I've divided the discussion of this rubric area into thesis satisfaction five separate items: One of the most basic rules of the SAT essay is that you need to express a clear opinion on the assignment (the prompt) . English! While in school (and everywhere else in life, pretty much) youíre encouraged to take into account all sides of a topic, it behooves you to on life satisfaction, NOT do this on art coursework, the SAT essay. Thesis Satisfaction! Why? Because you only have 50 minutes to read the clep passage, analyze the author's argument, and write the essay, there's no way you can discuss every single way in which the author builds his/her argument, every single detail of the satisfaction passage, or a nuanced argument about what works and what doesn't work. Instead, I recommend focusing your discussion on business plan, a few key ways the author is successful in persuading his/her audience of his/her claim. Letís go back to on life, the assignment we've been using as an example throughout this article:
Write an clep composition, essay in which you explain how Hodgman builds an argument to persuade his audience that the hot dog cannot, and never should be, considered a sandwich. Your instinct (trained from many years of schooling) might be to answer: There are a variety of ways in which the thesis on life author builds his argument. This is a nice, vague statement that leaves you a lot of wiggle room. If you disagree with the author, it's also a way of avoiding having to say that the author is persuasive.
Don't fall into this trap! You do not necessarily have to agree with the american anthropological association dissertation fellowship author's claim in order to analyze how the author persuades his/her readers that the claim is true. Here's an example of a precise central claim about the example assignment: The author effectively builds his argument that hot dogs are not sandwiches by satisfaction, using logic, allusions to history and mythology, and factual evidence. In contrast to the vague claim that There are a variety of igcse, ways in which the author builds his argument, this thesis both specifies what the author's argument is and thesis satisfaction the ways in which he builds the argument (that you'll be discussing in the essay). While it's extremely important to make sure your essay has a clear point of dental, view, strong critical reasoning, and thesis satisfaction support for your position, that's not enough to get you a top score. You need to make sure that your essay demonstrates a deliberate and essays highly effective progression of ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. What does this mean?
Part of the way you can make sure your essay is well organized has to do with following standard essay construction points. Don't write your essay in one huge paragraph; instead, include an introduction (with your thesis stating your point of thesis, view), body paragraphs (one for business plan, each example, usually), and a conclusion. This structure might seem boring, but it really works to keep your essay organized, and the more clearly organized your essay is, the easier it will be for on life satisfaction, the essay grader to map, understand your critical reasoning. The second part of this criteria has to do with keeping your essay focused, making sure it contains a deliberate and highly effective progression of thesis satisfaction, ideas. You can't just say well, I have an clep english composition, introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion, so I guess my essay is organized and expect to get a 4/4 on your essay.
You need to make sure that each paragraph is also organized . Thesis! Recall the sample prompt: ďWrite an essay in which you explain how Hodgman builds an argument to persuade his audience that the hot dog cannot, and business never should be, considered a sandwich.Ē And our hypothetical thesis: The author effectively builds his argument that hot dogs are not sandwiches by using logic, allusions to thesis on life satisfaction, history and mythology, and factual evidence. Let's say that you're writing the paragraph about the author's use of business, logic to persuade his reader that hot dogs aren't sandwiches. You should NOT just list ways that the thesis author is logical in support of his claim, then explain why logic in general is an effective persuasive device. While your points might all be valid, your essay would be better served by igcse, connecting each instance of logic in the passage with an explanation of how that example of logic persuades the reader to agree with the author. Above all, it is imperative that you make your thesis (your central claim) clear in the opening paragraph of your essay - this helps the grader keep track of your argument. There's no reason youíd want to make following your reasoning more difficult for the person grading your essay (unless youíre cranky and thesis satisfaction donít want to do well on the essay. Listen, I donít want to resume, tell you how to live your life). In your essay, you should use a wide array of vocabulary (and use it correctly).
An essay that scores a 4 in Writing on the grading rubric ďdemonstrates a consistent use of thesis satisfaction, precise word choice.Ē Youíre allowed a few errors, even on a 4-scoring essay, so you can sometimes get away with misusing a word or two. In general, though, itís best to stick to using words you are certain you not only know the meaning of, but also know how to use. If youíve been studying up on art coursework igcse, vocab, make sure you practice using the thesis words youíve learned in sentences, and have those sentences checked by someone who is good at writing (in English), before you use those words in an SAT essay. Creating elegant, non-awkward sentences is the verb list thing I struggle most with under time pressure.
For instance, hereís my first try at the previous sentence: ďMaking sure a sentence structure makes sense is the thing that I have the most problems with when Iím writing in on life, a short amount of resume verb, timeĒ (hahaha NOPE - way too convoluted and thesis satisfaction wordy, self). As another example, take a look at these two excerpts from the hypothetical essay discussing how the author persuaded his readers that a hot dog is not a sandwich: Score of 2: The author makes his point by critiquing the argument against him. Essays! The author pointed out the thesis on life logical fallacy of saying a hot dog was a sandwich because it was meat sandwiched between two breads. The author thus persuades the reader his point makes sense to be agreed with and convinces them. The above sentences lack variety in structure (they all begin with the words the author), and the last sentence has serious flaws in its structure (it makes no sense). Score of 4: The author's rigorous examination of his opponent's position invites the reader, too, to consider this issue seriously.
By laying out his reasoning, step by step, Hodgman makes it easy for the reader to thesis hooks, follow along with his train of thought and arrive at the same destination that he has. This destination is Hodgman's claim that a hot dog is not a sandwich. The above sentences demonstrate variety in sentence structure (they don't all begin with the same word and on life don't have the same underlying structure) that presumably forward the point of the essay. In general, if you're doing well in all the other Writing areas, your sentence structures will also naturally vary. When Spell! If you're really worried that your sentences are not varied enough, however, my advice for working on demonstrating meaningful variety in sentence structure (without ending up with terribly worded sentences) is twofold: Read over on life satisfaction, what youíve written before you hand it in and change any wordings that seem awkward, clunky, or just plain incorrect. As youíre doing practice essays, have a friend, family member, or teacher who is good at (English) writing look over your essays and point out anthropological dissertation fellowship any issues that arise.
This part of the Writing grade is all about the nitty gritty details of satisfaction, writing: grammar, punctuation, and spelling . It's rare that an essay with serious flaws in this area can score a 4/4 in Reading, Analysis, or Writing, because such persistent errors often interfere with meaning (that is, persistent errors make it difficult for the grader to understand what you're trying to get across). On the other hand, if they occur in small quantities, grammar/punctuation/spelling errors are also the english essays things that are most likely to be overlooked. If two essays are otherwise of equal quality, but one writer misspells definitely as definately and the other writer fails to explain how one of her examples supports her thesis, the thesis on life satisfaction first writer will receive a higher essay score. Business Plan Dental! It's only when poor grammar, use of punctuation, and on life satisfaction spelling start to make it difficult to understand your essay that the graders start penalizing you. My advice for working on this rubric area is the same advice as for thesis hooks map, sentence structure: look over what youíve written to double check for thesis on life satisfaction, mistakes, and resume ask someone whoís good at writing to look over on life satisfaction, your practice essays and point out your errors. Minority Dissertation! If you're really struggling with spelling, simply typing up your (handwritten) essay into a program like Microsoft Word and running spellcheck can alert you to on life satisfaction, problems. We've also got a great set of articles up on our blog about SAT Writing questions that may help you better understand any grammatical errors you are making.
How Do I Use The SAT Essay Grading Rubric? Now that you understand the SAT essay rubric, how can you use it in your SAT prep? There are a couple of different ways. Use The SAT Essay Rubric To. Plan! Shape Your Essays. Since you know what the SAT is looking for thesis on life, in an clep english composition, essay, you can now use that knowledge to guide what you write about in on life, your essays! A tale from spell out numbers, my youth: when I was preparing to take the thesis satisfaction SAT for the first time, I did not really know what the art coursework essay was looking for, and thesis on life assumed that since I was a good writer, Iíd be fine. Not true! The most important part of the SAT essay is art coursework, using specific examples from the passage and explaining how they convince the on life satisfaction reader of the author's point. By reading this article and realizing there's more to the essay than being a strong writer, youíre already doing better than high school me. Change the hooks object in thesis satisfaction, that girlís left hand from a mirror to a textbook and you have a pretty good sketch of what my junior year of high school looked like.
Use The SAT Essay Rubric To. Grade Your Practice Essays. The SAT canít exactly give you an answer key to the essay. Even when an example of an essay that scored a particular score is provided, that essay will probably use different examples than you did, make different arguments, maybe even argue different interpretations of the hooks map text. Thesis On Life Satisfaction! making it difficult to compare the two. The SAT essay rubric is the next best thing to resume list, an answer key for the essay - use it as a lens through which to thesis satisfaction, view and assess your essay. Of course, you donít have the time to become an expert SAT essay grader - thatís not your job. Plan! You just have to apply the rubric as best as you can to your essays and work on fixing your weak areas . Thesis Satisfaction! For the sentence structure, grammar, usage, and mechanics stuff I highly recommend asking a friend, teacher, or family member who is really good at clep english essays (English) writing to take a look over your practice essays and point out the mistakes.
If you really want custom feedback on your practice essays from experienced essay graders, may I also suggest the PrepScholar test prep platform? I manage the essay grading and so happen to know quite a bit about the essay part of on life, this platform, which gives you both an essay grade and custom feedback for each essay you complete. Learn more about how it all works here. Are you so excited by this article that you want to read even more articles on the SAT essay? Of course you are. Don't worry, Iíve got you covered. Learn how to write an SAT essay step-by-step and read about the business plan 6 types of on life satisfaction, SAT essay prompts. Still not satisfied? Maybe a five-day free trial of our very own PrepScholar test prep platform (which includes essay practice and feedback) is just what you need. Trying to figure out whether the old or new SAT essay is business dental, better for you?
Take a look at our article on thesis on life, the new SAT essay assignment to find out! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? Check out our best-in-class online SAT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your SAT score by 160 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to spell in an essay, your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this Essay lesson, you'll love our program. Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get thousands of on life satisfaction, practice problems organized by american association dissertation fellowship, individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to on life satisfaction, study next. Check out clep english essays our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article!
Laura graduated magna cum laude from thesis on life satisfaction, Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of resume verb, Bard College. On Life! She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on in an essay, social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about on life this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to business dental, Get 800 on Each SAT Section:
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ANALYSIS OF LIFE SATISFACTION IN UKRAINE by Kramarska Olena
Custom The History of Carnival essay paper writing service. The history of Carnivore can be can be traced hundred and hundreds of years ago when the Catholic faithful in Italy begun to hold a wild kind of celebration just a few days before the first day of Lent. This was majorly because the Lent period of forty days was marked by fasting and great torturing experiences. The word “carnevale” which represented the satisfaction festival had its origin from the fact that the Catholics were not allowed to eat meat during Lent. It meant “to put away the meat.” With time, the celebration got fame and its knowledge and the practice went beyond the borders of hooks map, Italy. Nations like France, Spain, and all the Catholic countries in Europe started to observe the festival. These nations then began to spreading this practice to thesis the rest of the world in when out numbers in an, what was seen to be a competition leading to what is witnessed today, carnival everywhere. With special attention to Brazil, this write up seeks to on life explain the origin and the reasons behind the development of the Carnival Festival. Key words: Carnival, Carnival festival, religion. The History of Carnival. There has controversy over when exactly the Carnival festival began.
Honychurch (20011) refutes the position that the carnival might have emerged in Dominica after 1838. According to its findings, the origin of list, festival the festival can be traced back hundreds of years of the Afro-European cultural background. Flecha et al (2010) noted that this is the time of the primitive European tribes who lived long before the thesis rise of the Roman Empire. Honychurch (2011) notes that Carlival of this earlier time was linked to the pagan feasts done during the beginning of the spring season. It was celebrated to mark the end of winter which is characterized by lack of enough food and to commemorate the commencement of the months of spring and clep composition, summer which are normally fruitful. On Life Satisfaction! According to Honychurch (2011), report this is what the Romans later developed further and incorporated as one of the thesis imperial cults. It was incorporated into the Christian calendar which was publicized in 304 BC.
It is what later developed into thesis on life what is known as the Lupercalia festival which is usually celebrated on the fifteenth of February every year. Honychurch (2011) records that approximately four hundred years from this time, there emerged a group of Christians who began persuading people into Christianity. Their work was mostly concentrated in thesis map, Asia Minor and along the thesis on life satisfaction Mediterranean Coast. Their work led to conversion of a section of the plan population and hence the practice of different beliefs and customs in these areas. However, the on life Christians underwent several forms of persecutions by the successive Roman emperors. This only stopped when Constantine allowed freedom of worship making Christianity a recognized religion by the Roman Empire. Honychurch (2011) notes that because of the different believes and customs, it was not possible for the Christians to agree on resume verb which practices to thesis embrace. Borland (2011) observes that a majority of the Christians still held to resume list various folk beliefs which they had been practicing before their conversion into Christianity. According to thesis satisfaction Honychurch (2011), carnival was equally a result of the observance of Christian calendar. It notes that Carnival has its roots from a Roman Luperclia feast which was the church’s way of observing Lent.
Honychurch (2011) also notes that the word Lent originated from a phrase in verb list, Latin “carnem levare” that means “to put away meat”. In Italian language, the word “carnevale” is commonly known as the Shrove Tuesday and thesis, its interpretation also connotes the fulfillment of the sexual desires of the flesh and not just of the eating of meet. Rosenberg (2011) notes that such immoral forms of celebration were also part of the festival of Bacchus which was the Greek’s way of honoring Dionysus, the god of wine. It was a celebrated by the Romans. The celebration involved the slaves exchanging their clothes with their masters, an exercise that normally took place as people were involved in excessive drinking. According to Rosenberg (2011), it was this ceremony that the Roman Catholic later modified into a festival commemorating the Ash Wednesday. However, the celebration further evolved into a bigger celebration characterized by association dissertation, music, food, alcohol, and sex. This was majorly done before Lent which was a forty days fasting and was to come just before Easter. Even though this was not the intention of the church, the celebration was marked by a week of every kind of sinful act. Honychurch (2011) report notes that it was the strict observance of Lent that led to such forms of behavior.
According to its publication, the on life Christians had to go through sacrifices, denials and self torture that were perceived as the association minority demands of salvation. More demanding was the processions in chains while having to move on one’s bended knees throughout the forty days. Honychurch notes that this was certainly the reason why the on life practitioners broke themselves loose into immoral celebrations shortly before the Ash Wednesday. It is dental, noted that the religion especially the satisfaction Catholic faithful have been so instrumental in the spread of the various aspects of the carnival. Honychurch (2011) notes that Europeans Catholic’s practice of acquiring colonies and taking with them the slaves led to a further spread of the festival. Honychurch records that carnival is now famous in hooks map, Mardi Gras in Louisiana. Thesis On Life Satisfaction! In addition, their writing indicates that the celebrations are now common in several other parts of the world especially in the Caribbean countries which are currently immersed into the practice. Brazil Carnival History. According to the Samba City Info (2011), Brazil Carnival history in Rio de Janeiro does not just have its roots in the festival of Lent.
It noted that any discussion on the history of the festival should take into account the influence of the Africans. Gerald (2011) recorded that the Portugal colonizers of english composition essays, Brazil carried with them their slaves into thesis on life satisfaction the country. This was the period between 17 th , 18, and the early 19 th century when the english essays slave trade had not yet been illegalized in Brazil. It is noted that by the early parts of the 19 th Century the Caribbean and thesis on life, South Africa had received more than 6,000,000 slaves. The slaves had a significant impact the way in which the Brazil Carnival was organized and the kind of events and instruments that were used in the festival (Gerald, 2011). Samba City Info (2011) noted that the origin of Brazil's carnival can be traced from a Portuguese entrudo festival which was the first form of thesis hooks, Carnival to reach Brazil. This was an event characterized with chaos. It involved people throwing one another with various substances such mud and water and on life satisfaction, a thin wax spheres filled with perfume. The festival was commonly done along the streets of Brazil making it easily graduates into riots. Essay! An example was in thesis on life, the year 1853 when the police had to step in. Hooks! This celebration was like what is today called Andean carnival celebrated by the Venezuelans.
Samba City Info (2011) noted that the masquerade carnival ball by Rio was conducted in the year 1840. On Life Satisfaction! This was then followed ten years later by the Carnival street parades. This showed a level of advancement as it utilized the horse drawn floats and military bands. According to Samba City Info (2011), the Carnival got a big boost when it was joined by Samba in clep english, 1917. Samba then began mixing different styles like the Angolan semba, European polka, and African boutiques. It also included various touches of Cuban habanera. Samba City Info (2011) notes that the thesis on life today’s samba has its origin from the arrival of black the Brazilians who had come from Bahia to the Rio slums. These were majorly the slaves who had been left free following the criminalization of slave trade which marked the end of slavery in the country.
According to Samba City Info (2011), the commonly known as Brazil Rio Carnival history began in 1860. It was majorly attended by out numbers essay, the people of high social class who could afford expensive and private venues. They normally dressed themselves in masks and expensive costumes. On Life! The low class individuals who were unable to purchase the clep composition balls had an option of using the masks. They were then allowed to have their own celebrations besides their masters’ venues.
Samba City Info (2011) noted that the thesis on life Carnival was later moved to Central Rio where it caused congestion in business, traffics. However, the problem resulted into the construction of the Sambodrome in 1954 which was an improvement since it provided pleasure for both the local people and the tourists. Currently, Carnival is organized by the samba schools whose first appearance was in the year 1928. These schools are organized like the local associations which make them fit in serving the interests of the communities in which they operate. By the year 1961 carnival experienced a great revolution following the mounting of the new sound systems by the samba school. The samba school proceeded with its operation attracting more people because of on life satisfaction, its improved sound and rhythms.
According to the Samba City info (2011) this became one of the most defining age for the samba schools. Today, the schools have advanced to a point at american anthropological association minority dissertation which they are involved in on life satisfaction, the provision of the basic resources like education and healthcare to the community. This has been very instrumental in american anthropological association minority dissertation fellowship, popularizing the schools since they serve a society characterized by high level of poverty. The Impact of African Religions on the Development of the Carnival. Allah we Organization (2011) noted that to satisfaction date there are various African traditions which have been largely utilized to add value to the Caribbean festival arts.
He identified a number of such traditions. First were the when essay ancient African traditions of parading and moving in circles through villages in costumes and masks as those which have been of great influence. According to Allah we Organization (2011), many people believed that circling villages could come with good lacks, solutions to various problems affecting people while also preventing the spirits of those who had died from haunting the living. Allah we Organization (2011) also observes that Carnival traditions have also borrowed greatly from the African tradition of putting together natural objects to help in creating sculptures, masks, and costumes. On Life Satisfaction! The objects include bones, grasses, beads, shells, fabric. Verb List! Each of this objects was understood by the Africans as representing a given idea or spiritual force.
Another aspect of the African religion greatly utilized in the carnival festival is the use of feathers. The Africans had been using the feathers from the ancient time. They used to put them on thesis satisfaction their masks and headdresses to symbolize their ability to overcome various problems and challenges of life. These include: any form of pains, heartbreaks, and all kinds of illness. Apart from it significance in american anthropological association dissertation fellowship, protecting the people the Africans also used the feathers as s symbol of on life, spiritual growth. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that the use of masks in hooks, Carnival has persisted to date where it helps in creating carnival costumes.
Other aspects of the African Religion that is thesis satisfaction, used to date in Carnival festivals are the African dance and clep english composition, music. The two traditions enormously contributed to the transformation of the on life early carnival celebrations. Art Coursework! The Samba City Info (2011) notes that the most frequently used aspects of African music in the festival are the rhythms of the African drum and the large puppets. The festivals are also increasingly attended by thesis on life, stick fighters, and when, the stilt dancers as is with the African celebrations. According to the Samba City Info (2011), the Africans also had a great contribution in the making of the street carnival history. Samba city notes that while Carnival expresses an thesis on life abstract kind of when, street theatre, the Africans on the other hand used costumes in their bands in their styles. It is further noted that the practice by the Carlival of going to the streets may have also come from the aspect of the Africans. Studies have shown that in the ancient times the Africans preferred to carry out their activities outdoor rather than indoor. Equally, the Africans have still embraced various practices that are related to the carnival festival. A clear example is the Egungun festival which involves the thesis on life satisfaction honoring of the ancestors by their extended family members.
During this festival, it is insisted that all people from a the same extended family put on clothes of the same colors. This is plan, a sign of a band, which is satisfaction, as well the basic aspect of the history of the Brazil Carnival. This is also the same case with the thesis map Rio de Janeiro festival. It is also observed that in certain circumstances, both the carnivals and the African religious practices grew together. As discussed above, the carnivals festivals majorly began to be felt in on life, the 1930 when it actually reached what could be seen as its peak. This was made possible by the emergence and contributions of the samba schools especially in the Rio de Janeiro. Art Coursework Igcse! The inclusion of the African traditions in the Carnival festivals was further increased when the heavy African drums were extensively utilized. Thesis On Life Satisfaction! With the growth of both the African and the European aspects of the carnival, people experienced more festivities along the streets.
The Importance of the thesis hooks Festival. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that in today’s world, Carnivore plays a great role in uniting people of different races, nationalities and tribes. The organization sees Carnival as a good example of how culture can play a role in thesis on life, reuniting people. They give a case study of the Trinidad's carnival where people of different cultures come together for a period of five days annually. Art Coursework Igcse! During the five days, the citizens forsake all differences and come together to celebrate their lives. Such a practice brought a great peace for a country which had experienced the harsh rule by the colonialists, the Spain and on life, the England (Bandyopadhyay Nascimento, 2010). Allah we Organization (2011) noted that it is the British rule that allowed the French to settle into the country together with their slaves. The organization explained that due to forced labor and attack by different illnesses, the majority of the native peoples of this country died. Carnival was therefore introduced and spread with a lot of ease from 1785 as the art coursework igcse majority of the people had already had encounter of what it entails. Allah we Organization (2011) observes that the country today provides an on life satisfaction example of citizenry of the immigrants of when spell, every origin coexisting in peace.
The people originated from Africa, India, and China, African, Asian, and American. Carnival has since been embraced in Trinidad and has continued to get sponsorship from many individuals and thesis on life, organizations. There is an increased belief that sponsoring a carnival band is a sure way of making the children understand their roots and culture. In Trinidad’s Kiddies Carnival for example, the majority of schools and organizations operating within the communities have been very collaborative in supporting the organization through participation. This has enabled the business dental communities to work together making it possible for the establishment of stronger friendships while also developing respect for one another’s culture. Allah we Organization (2011) also noted that Carnival festival has also provided the Africans with a special opportunity to express their power and the richness in the cultural traditions. The organization noted that the effect of Carnival arts in uniting people has been felt every where around the satisfaction world. Studies have further revealed that Carnival offers the world with a dynamic tool which enables people to freely express and art coursework igcse, explore themselves. Carnival has also been helpful in helping people of different cultures trace their roots.
It gives the world a totally different perspective of its cultures while greatly uniting all the people from all the origins by thesis on life satisfaction, helping them to discovery what they have in common while celebrating their differences. In conclusion, it is clear that the power and creativity that underlines these art forms is able to transform lives and promote peace. However, questions will still be asked over who is association minority dissertation, owed the credit of the origin of the carnival. Though it is held so much by thesis, the European countries, it is igcse, clear that Carnival is an African expression no matter where it is expressed. This is thesis on life, a tool that the world must embrace to help promote peace across all lines of diversity.
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