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BEM | Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing Questions –…
Building a house project charter Essay. This Project Charter describes the purpose, scope, objectives, estimated cost/ effort/ duration, risk and constraints, assumptions, approach and organization. The project will commence on July 1, 2013 and will complete no later than July 1, 2014. The purpose is to complete on belonging creative questions, time all the stages: acquiring the land, getting all necessary permits and approvals, constructing the house, landscaping, exterior and internal decorating. The scope is dissertations, that within the budget of CAD $900,000 the property to include: foundation with show more content Weather conditions will be favourable for belonging creative writing exterior constructions during the project. 1. Financial Risk. May run over budget of project. May not stable in future income. Plan for each sequence to effectively manage the cost.
Reduce some amount of interior decorating. Loan from a bank. Tin-roof may not set up well. Maybe sub-standard for constructing materials. Maybe not decorated well for interior designing. Have a plan B for another supplier of constructing materials. Disobeying Essay. Get owner’s approval for each done section. 3. Hsc English Creative Questions. Execution Risk. Hire security for dissertations overnight shift and weekend.
Temporarily cover the construction with a waterproof tent. 4. Contractual Risk. May be delayed for approval of building permit. Creative Questions. Use the i believe essay, network or relationship The program alone will consist of 12 weeks. Hsc English Creative Questions. The cost of the program alone (not associated with costs that are already incurred by the daycare, such as food, insurance, van payment, building payment, etc) is an essay on liberation, roughly estimated at $3000 for creative writing the duration of the program. Outline. This will cover arts and crafts supplies, 1-2 additional part-time staff members, fuel for field trips, incentives and advertisements. User Acceptance Criteria/Quality What are the minimum success criteria as defined by the key full authority in regards to creative questions, budget, reservations, activities, and revising checklist for research, accommodations. | Secondary Investor | Mrs. Lewis | Upon approval from primary and secondary investors, full authority in writing regards to activities, reservations, and accommodations. Disobeying. | Project Manager | Mr. Juan Morales | Upgrade room, and hsc english writing, retrieve extras not included in room fee, as well gifting comp coupons and waterpark admissions. | Hotel Manager | Mrs.
Gween Hernandez | Schedule restaurant reservations, and maxim, prepare food for room this project because it is currently unable to bid on larger jobs or more than the six jobs currently being worked due to the IT constraints alone. This amounts to 3.5 million in lost revenue this year alone.What will be gained, changed or modified? By replacing our workstations and hsc english creative, servers with 66 of the latest IBM/PC standard desktops and 10 ruggedized laptops loaded with the latest software including Enterprise Information System, Windows 8, Microsoft Office 365, and Microsoft Project Server; electricians will completely wire the house while the plumbers will only put in the first stage of pipes. The reason for not completely plumbing is because the showers, sinks, and toilets are the very last items to be installed.
After the wiring and preliminary plumbing are complete, insulation and installing the and editing for research, windows on the house are done. Using a good insulation and good windows will help reduce the heating and cooling costs of the belonging, homeowner. This is a step in building a house that you should spare no expense Building Software versus Building a House Essay. In building architecture the design is hard to change once it is set up. It is also more time consuming to change and more costly. The last aspect is the scheduling aspect. In software architecture one can schedule a project to on liberation sparknotes, be done in as little as one month depending on the project.
Within the belonging writing, building architecture the scheduling is more time consuming and could take up more time depending if the stakeholder is approved for certain aspects of the building. In the building architecture one Essay on Project Management, The Building Of The Three Gorges Dam. My report is based on the project life cycle from Field and Keller. 2. Define In the define phase proposals are formulated, estimated and tested for feasibility. Revising And Editing Papers. The results will be presented to the senior management in writing order to receive a go for disobeying essay the project which often is in the form of a contract. The main objectives of the TGD are: ? Protection against floods ? Making the Yangtze River navigable ? Leading the hsc english belonging questions, water into dry regions ? Generation of energy ? Supporting the i believe essay, economic Risk Management and Warehouse Building Project Essay. Service Act, Part F, Subpart 1, Biologic Products, Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act, Comprehensive Smoking Tobacco Health and Education Act of 1986, Title 21 CFR, especially Part 1, Subpart E - Imports and Exports (FDA3) Warehouse Building Project 5 With imports in to the U.S with all the law in to the country, they have a product sampling that they can request to examine the product you wish to ship in to the U.S.
There website states the following about their request to sample or Proj 586 Week 2: Project Charter/Scope Essay. | Major Risks | Major risks that hinder the success of the creative writing questions, project are based around the timeline. All micro projects and milestones are consecutive to each other. The largest variable within risk mitigation is the exterior construction. Risks can include but limited to: varance permits, weather, protesting, funds allocation, war, loss of materials, and human hazards and lawsuits/safety | | KEY STAKEHOLDERS | | Name | Project Core Team: | Steve PokorskiJoe DownsRhonda SmithMary Doonan Modell Charter School Revised Project Management Plan Essays. the part of the project that will streamline the business operations in the school. Quality Assurance and Control Plan Quality Assurance (QA) is revising for research, one of the most important steps in any project or plan being put together.
Making sure the highest quality is hsc english belonging writing questions, provided at the end of dissertations a project is what will make a difference to shareholders and customers. Ensuring that all steps of the project are checked and validated will help catch any risks that might hinder the project success. A QA Project Management, the Building of the Three Gorges Dam Essay example. It is hsc english creative writing questions, necessary to receive a cost-benefit analysis for each subject in the end. Essay. The potential project manager should already be a part of the feasibility study in order for him to hsc english belonging creative writing questions, get a general insight in all important aspects of the and editing checklist, project.
At this point should also be thought of any other solution that might not cause such a great demolition of the area as the hsc english belonging, project of the dam would. As soon as all results are gathered, a proposal will be formulated and be presented to the Chi-nese government
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Topic: Hsc Creative Writing Questions Belonging – 187049 «…
nz resume samples Tell the bot to reload all external Lua scripts. This also happens shortly after restarting the bot and it can automatically detect if the hsc english creative writing questions scripts are not loaded and reload them. Once the script have loaded, if you make any changes to them you need to run this command or restart the thesis nokia bot for hsc english creative, your changes to an essay sparknotes, take effect. /pause (or disable or stop) bot. Temporarily disable the bot. Hsc English Belonging Questions. It will still read the chat and can be enabled again. Unslashed commands are simply words in thesis nokia, normal chat that trigger a response from the bot. Your bot will react to belonging questions, any player using the words hack, cheat, grief or flying.
That triggers a special scan for hackers. Any players with a non-zero hacker score found near the maxim essay player will be immediately exiled. If you don't have the exile location set up, nothing will happen. When feral. Like /day7, the bot will report how many days remain until a horde night. When reboot.
The bot will report how long until the next reboot. If your bot is writing launched from i believe essay outline a custom script with the ability to restart itself, you can command your bot to restart. All of Smegz0r's hosted bots have this feature. Contact Smeg if you need help adding it to hsc english belonging writing, your bot. Reports the bot and server's running times. Displays info mostly from the server config. Reports the time remaining before the next scheduled reboot. Displays the most recent output from the server mem command. Displays the system clock of the game server. Displays various server totals for essay, the last 24 hours or more days if you add a number. eg. Hsc English Creative. /server stats 5 (gives you the last 5 days cummulative stats) /new players optional number (days)
List the new players and free basic info about them in the last day or more. Reports when the player was last on the server. Reports the belonging creative questions server rules. Gives info about checklist, where you are in the world and the rules that apply there. /who optional number distance
Reports who is around you. Donors and creative questions staff can see distances. Donors can see 300 metres and other players can see 200. New and watched players can't see staff near them. Whatever is disobeying orders essay typed after /alert is hsc english belonging creative recorded to the database and displayed on disobeying orders irc. You can recall the alerts with the irc command view alerts optional days Displays info about a player. Only staff can specify a player. Players just see their own info. See the hsc english questions player kills and current bounty on maxim a player's head. All gimme messages will be private messages.
Force the bot to hsc english belonging creative writing, rescan the list of zombies and animals. Cancel a gimmehell game in progress. Reset gimme counters for i believe, everyone so they can play gimme again. The bot does this every 2 hours automatically. All gimme messages will be in public chat. Disable the gimme game.
Enable the gimme game. Players can win zombies. /gimme no zombies. Gimme prizes will not include zombies. /set base size number player /set base2 size number player Set the base protection size for a player's first or second base. When you die, the bot can automatically return you to hsc english belonging creative writing questions, your first or second base.
Set within 50 metres of your base. The closest base will become your new spawn point after death. /sethome (or sethome2) /setbase (or setbase2) Tell the bot where your first or second base is for free dissertations, base protection, raid alerting and the ability to teleport home. /protect (or protect2) Set up the bot's base protection. Belonging Writing Questions. The bot will tell the player to move towards or away from their base and will. automatically set protection outside of their base protected area. Players should not set traps in this area. Tell the essay bot to forget about belonging creative writing questions, a tbase. Players can only remove their own bases.
Tell the bot to forget about a base. Dissertations. Players can only remove their own bases. Disable base protection for a player. /enable base (or home) teleport. /disable base (or home) teleport.
Enable or disable the home or base teleport command (except for staff). Teleport back to hsc english creative, your first or second base. A timer and/or a cost may apply. Set a player's first base for them where you are standing. Set a player's second base for them where you are standing. Turn your own base protection against on liberation you for 30 seconds to test that it works. Pause your base protection. Only works on your base(s) if you are within 100 metres of them and automatically resumes if you move away or leave the server.
This allows players who you haven't friended access to your base with you present. /resume or unpause. Re-activate your base protection. Make the bot run llp so it knows where all the hsc english belonging creative claims are and who owns them. Make the bot run admin list to reload the admins from the server's list. Make the bot read several things from the server including admin list, ban list, gg, lkp and papers others.
If you have Coppi's Mod installed it will also detect that. Sometimes the bot can fall off IRC and fail to reconnect. Creative Writing. This command forces it to thesis nokia, reconnect. Send a player to timeout. You can use their steam or game id and part or all of their name. Belonging Writing Questions. If you send the wrong player to narrative essay, timeout /return player to fix that. While in timeout, the player will not be able to hsc english questions, use any bot commands but they can chat.
/return player to maxim essay, location or other player Return a player from hsc english belonging writing timeout. You can use their steam or game id and sparknotes part or all of their name. You can return them to any player even offline ones or to any location. If you just return them, they will return to wherever they were when they were sent to timeout. Your regular players can also return new players from timeout but only if a player sent them there.
/just release player Release a player from belonging creative questions prison. They are teleported back to where they were arrested. Alternatively just release them so they do not teleport and have to walk back or use bot commands. See also /release here. Remove your admin status for 5 minutes. It will be automatically restored. /feral reboot delay minutes Set how many minutes after day 7 that the thesis nokia bot will wait before rebooting if a reboot is scheduled for day 7.
To disable this feature, set it to 0. The bot will wait a full game day instead. /leave claims player Stop the bot automatically removing a player's claims. They will still be removed if they are in a location that doesn't allow player claims. /remove claims player The bot will automatically remove the player's claims whenever possible. The chunk has to be loaded and belonging writing the bot takes several minutes to remove them but it will remove them. /claims range (range is optional and on liberation sparknotes defaults to hsc english questions, 50) List all of the on liberation claims within range with who owns them.
Bannish a player to creative writing questions, a special location called /exile which must exist first. While exiled, the player will not be able to command the bot. Release the player from disobeying essay exile, however it does not return them. They can type /return or you can return them. /player player is not new. Upgrade a new player to a regular without making them wait for the bot to hsc english belonging creative writing questions, upgrade them. They will no longer be as restricted as a new player. /add donor player level 0 to 7 expires number week or month or year. Give a player donor status. This doesn't have to i believe outline, involve money.
Donors get a few perks above other players but no items or Zennies. Level and expiry are optional. The default is hsc english belonging creative writing level 1 and expiry 10 years. You can also temporarily raise everyone to donor level with /override access. /remove donor player Remove a player's donor status. Give everyone that is playing quantity of an item.
The default is to give 1 of the essay item. /disallow teleport player Prevent a player from using any teleports. Hsc English Belonging. They won't be able to teleport themselves, but they can still be teleported. Revising Checklist Papers. Also physical teleports won't work for hsc english creative questions, them. /allow teleport player The player will be able to use teleport commands and physical teleports again. Donors will be able to orders, create, use and share waypoints. Waypoints will not be available. The shop will not be available. The shop will be available.
Restock the shop to hsc english creative writing questions, the max quantity of each item. /set shop open 0 - 23 Enter a number from 0 to 23 which will be the game hour that the an essay shop opens. /set shop close 0 - 23 Enter a number from 0 to 23 which will be the game hour that the shop closes. /set shop location location name Tie the shop to a location. Buying from the belonging shop will only essay outline, be possible while in that location (excluding admins). /clear shop location. The shop will be accessible from anywhere. /whitelist add player Add a player to hsc english belonging questions, the bot's whitelist.
This is an essay sparknotes not the server's whitelist and it works differently. It exempts the hsc english writing player from ping kicks and country blocks. /whitelist remove player Remove a player from the whitelist. /ignore player player Allowed the player to have uncraftable inventory and ignore hacker like activity such as teleporting and flying. /include player player Treat the player the same as other players. They will not be allowed uncraftable inventory and hacker like activity will be treated as such. /block player player /unblock player player Prevent a player from using IRC.
Other stuff may be blocked in the future. /prisoner player arrested reason for arrest /prisoner player (read the reason if one is orders essay recorded) You can record or view the reason for hsc english belonging creative writing, a player being arrested. If they are released, this record is destroyed. Send a player to on liberation, prison. If the location prison does not exist they are put into timeout instead.
Normally a player needs to wait a set time after /base before they can use it again. Hsc English Creative. This zeroes that timer and also resets their gimmies. The normal rules that apply to players will not apply to admins. Free Dissertations. They can go anywhere they want. Admins are treated the same as normal players and the bot will punish or block them as it would the players.
This is mainly used to test the creative questions bot while still being an i believe outline admin. Bind a player to their current position. They get teleported back if they move. Allow the player to move again. Teleport a player to a location. To teleport them to another player use the send command. If the player is offline, they will be moved to the location when they next join.
/sendhome player or /sendhome2 player Teleport a player to their first or second base. /watch new players. Flag a player or all current new players for extra attention and logging. New players are watched by default. /stop watching player /stop watching everyone. Stop watching a player or stop watching everyone. Activity will still be recorded but admins won't see private messages about hsc english creative questions, it. Teleport a player to another player even if the other player is free dissertations offline. Set a player on fire.
It usually kills them. Give a player the shits for shits and giggles. Remove the brokenLeg buff from a player or yourself if no name given. Cure a player or yourself if no name given. Warm a player or yourself if no name given. Cool a player or yourself if no name given. Apply big firstaid buff to a player or yourself if no name given.
While not essential as it seems to work just fine, you can tell the bot to save all pending player data, before you quit Mudlet. If you have changed stack sizes and the bot is mistakenly abusing players for belonging, overstacking, you can make the bot forget the stack sizes. It will re-learn them from the narrative server as players overstack beyond the new stack limits. Remove a player from the server's ban list. /ban player (ban for 10 years with the reason 'banned') /ban player reason reason for hsc english belonging creative, ban (ban for 10 years with the reason you provided) /ban player time number hour or day or month or year reason reason for ban
Ban a player from the server. You can optionally give a reason and a duration. The default is i believe essay a 10 year ban with the reason 'banned'. /gblban player reason reason for hsc english, ban Global bans are vetted before they become active. If the player is i believe later caught hacking by hsc english belonging writing questions a bot and they have pending global bans, a new active global ban is added automatically.
Lists the server owners and shows who if any are playing. Lists the server admins and shows who if any are playing. Lists the server mods and shows who if any are playing. Lists the server staff and shows who if any are playing. /add bad item item
Add an item to the list of revising checklist papers, bad items. The default action is to belonging creative, timeout the narrative player. See also /ignore player name and /include player name /remove bad item item Remove an belonging creative questions item to essay, the list of bad items. List the items that are not allowed in player inventories and what action is taken. /add restricted item item name qty count action action access level Add an item to writing, the list of restricted items. Valid actions are timeout, ban, exile and watch.
eg. /add restricted item tnt qty 5 action timeout access 90. Players with access 90 will be sent to on liberation, timeout for more than 5 tnt. /remove restricted item item name Remove an hsc english writing item from the list of free dissertations, restricted items. List the items that new players are not allowed to have in inventory and what action is hsc english creative writing taken. /reserve slot player Give a player the free dissertations right to take a reserved slot when the server is full.
/unreserve slot player Remove a player's right to take a reserved slot when the server is hsc english creative writing full. /max tracking days days Set how many days to keep tracking data before deleting it. The default it 28.
Block/Unblock a player from using any bot commands or command the bot from IRC. Enable or disable the /stuck command. /who visited player days days hours hrs range dist height ht See who visited a player location or base. Example with defaults: /who visited player smeg days 1 hours 0 range 10 height 5. /who visited bed smeg. Add base to just see base visitors. Setting hours will reset days to zero. Use this command to discover who's been at the player's location.
/bases range number /bases near player range number See what player bases are nearby. You can use it on for research papers yourself or on creative writing a player. Range and player are optional. The default range is 200 metres. /admin add player or steam or game ID level 0-2
Give a player admin status and a level. Server owners are level 0, admins are level 1 and moderators level 2. /admin remove player or steam or game ID Remove an admin so they become a regular player. This does not stop them using god mode etc if they are ingame and already have dm enabled. They must leave the server or disable dm themselves. /goto player or steam or game ID Teleport to the current position of a player. This works with offline players too.
/offline players nearby. /offline players nearby range number List all offline players near your position. The default range is an essay on liberation 200 metres. Teleport to the coords where a player was when they got arrested. /near player optional number Teleport below and hsc english belonging creative questions a short distance away from a player. You must be flying for this or you will just fall all the time. You arrive 20 metres below the thesis nokia player and hsc english 30 metres to the south. If you give a number after the orders player name you will be that number metres south of them.
The bot will keep you near the player, teleporting you close to hsc english, them if they get away from outline you. To stop following them type /stop. List all the players who are prisoners. Spawn various items on you. The bot checks your inventory and will top you up instead of doubling up if you repeat this command later.
Spawn various items on you like equip admin does but no armour or guns. Belonging Creative. The bot checks your inventory and will top you up instead of essay, doubling up if you repeat this command later. /release here prisoner Release a player from prison and move them to belonging creative questions, your location. Teleport yourself to maxim, the first or second base of questions, a player. Hotspot Commands (in-game only): /resize hotspot hotspot number from list size size Change a hotspot's radius to a max of 10 (no max size for disobeying orders essay, admins).
eg. /resize hotspot 3 size 5. See /hotspots to get the list of hsc english belonging writing, hotspots. /move hotspot hotspot number from list Move a hotspot to your current position. /delete hotspots player Players can only delete their own hotspots but admins can add a player name or id to revising for research papers, delete their hotspots. /delete hotspot hotspot number from hsc english belonging creative writing questions list
Delete a hotspot by its number. Create a hotspot at an essay sparknotes your current position with a message. List your own hotspots. Admins can list another player's hotspots. /resize hotspot hotspot number from list size size Change a hotspot's action. Hsc English Belonging Questions. The deafault is to just pm the player but it can also teleport them somewhere, spawn something or buff/debuff the player. eg. /hotspot number of hotspot action pm/tele/drop/spawn location name/spawn list If spawning items or entities use the format item name,quantity|item name,quantity|etc or entity id, entity id, entity id, etc.
Regions can be marked as reset zones to warn players not to free dissertations, build in them. It will block setbase and hsc english belonging writing sethome and any claims placed by players are removed. Currently the bot does not have the on liberation sparknotes ability to physically delete region files but it can provide a list of reset zones for manual deletion. /remove reset zone. Flag or unflag an entire region as a reset zone.
List all of the regions that are reset zones. /track player session number (session is optional and defaults to the latest) /next (track the hsc english belonging writing next session) /last (track the previous session) Track the movements of a player. If a session is given, you will track their movements from that session. Skip number of maxim narrative, steps. Hsc English Belonging Questions. Instead of tracking each recorded step, you will skip number steps for faster but less precise tracking. The default pause between each tracked step is 3 seconds. An Essay On Liberation. Change it to any number of seconds from 1 to hsc english belonging creative questions, whatever. Jump forward number steps or backwards if given a negative number.
Move to orders essay, the start of the current track. Move to hsc english belonging creative writing questions, the end of the current track. /stop (or just type /s) Stop tracking. Resume it with /go. Stops tracking and clears the tracking data from memory. This happens when you exit the server anyway so you don't have to do this.
/tele name delete. Delete a teleport. /tele teleport name private. Make the teleport private. /tele name public. Make a teleport public so anyone can use it. /tele name enable. Enable a teleport that was disabled.
/tele name disable. Disable a teleport to maxim narrative, stop it triggering. /tele name one way. Make a teleport work in one direction only. Teleports are a pair of coordinates and hsc english creative writing the second coordinate placed is the destination. /tele name two way. Make a teleport work in thesis nokia, both directions. Hsc English Belonging Questions. After a short delay the outline player is teleported back if they don't move away. Assign ownership of hsc english creative writing, a teleport to a player. Only they and their friends can use it (and staff) Allows a player to use teleport commands.
Only staff can specify a player, otherwise it defaults to whoever issued the disobeying essay command. Prevent a player using teleport commands. They can type /enabletp any time. Only staff can specify a player, otherwise it defaults to questions, whoever issued the command. /set teleport cost number Set a price for all private teleporting (excludes public locations). Essay. Players must have sufficient Zennies to belonging, teleport. /set teleport delay number Set a time delay for player initiated teleport commands.
The player will see a PM informing them that their teleport will happen in x seconds. The default is 0 and no PM will be sent. Teleport close to where you last died. Teleport 2 metres up. If /stuck is repeated the i believe outline bot will try to belonging creative, teleport you nearby. Teleport back to where you came from before your last teleport command. I Believe Outline. Locations support a 2nd return if you teleport within the location more than once without leaving it. List the teleports. Players can only hsc english writing, see public teleports.
Create a teleport starting at an essay on liberation your location or move an existing teleport's start to you. Complete a teleport ending at your location or move an existing teleport's end to you. Teleport yourself to creative writing questions, a player or to a coordinate. Villages work like protected bases except that they can have many players (villagers) and a mayor. Just like a base, a village can have protection enabled.
Villages work best when they are much larger than the disobeying orders essay area of the village so that an effective barrier against invading players exists. /elect player village village Elect a player as mayor of a village. Democratically of course :) /add member player village village Make a player a member of a village. /remove member player village village Remove a player from a village. /remove village village Delete a village and everything associated with it.
/village village size metres Resize a village. Note that this removes village protection to hsc english creative writing questions, prevent teleport loops. /villages (or villagers) List villages or villagers.
/add village village name Create a new village. /protect village village name Set village protection and follow the an essay prompt from the bot, just like setting base protection. /unprotect village village name Remove protection on a village. Waypoints are player managed personal teleports. You can specify how many waypoints indivuals or groups of hsc english belonging writing questions, players can have and apply other restrictions on an essay their use. Pairs of hsc english belonging creative writing, waypoints can be linked to create a portal. Portals differ in that the essay player steps into them to belonging creative writing, activate them. Waypoints can be shared with a players friends and they can step into their portals as well.
Portals can be unlinked which reverts them to waypoints. /set waypoints public/restricted. Make waypoints accessible to all (except new players) or restricted to donors only. /set max waypoints number /set max waypoints player number number /set max waypoints donors number Set the max number of i believe outline, waypoints players can have or a specific player can have. /set waypoint cost number
Set a price to use waypoints. Players must have sufficient Zennies to teleport. /set waypoint create cost number Set a price to hsc english questions, create waypoints. Thesis Nokia. Players must have sufficient Zennies. /set waypoint cooldown number Set how long in seconds players must wait between uses of waypoints. Waypoint Commands (In-Game Only): /close waypoint (or wp)
Make the belonging questions first waypoint private again. Thesis Nokia. This is its default state. /set waypoint (or wp or wp1) Create or move your first waypoint where you are standing. It retains its current status. Delete a named waypoint. If they are linked, this also unlinks them. /waypoint or /wp1 or /your name Teleport to your first waypoint. /waypoints player name List the creative questions waypoints of a player.
/link wp name of wp1 to revising, name of wp2 Link your waypoints to create a portal instead. In this mode you cannot teleport to them, instead you activate them by stepping into them. /unlink waypoints (or /unlink wp) Close your portal and hsc english convert each end back into two waypoints which you can teleport to as normal. /location clear reset name Remove the free reset zone flag.
Unless otherwise restricted, players will be allowed to place claims and writing questions setbase. /location name clear. Delete all random spawns for the location. /location remove name Delete the location and all of its spawnpoints. /location name pvp (or pve)
Mark the location as a pvp or pve zone. /location enable name Flag the location as enabled. Currently this flag isn't used and revising papers you can ignore this command. /location disable name Flag the hsc english belonging location as disabled. Currently this flag isn't used and you can ignore this command. /location private name Flag the location as private. Only staff will see it and be able to freely teleport to it.
/location public name Flag the location as public. Dissertations. Everyone will see it with /locations. Other restrictions may prevent them going there. /location set reset name
Flag the hsc english writing questions location as a reset zone. The bot will warn players not to build in it and checklist for research papers will block /setbase and will remove placed claims of non-staff. If the lobby location exists, send the player to it. You can also do this to offline players, they will be moved to hsc english belonging creative, the lobby when they rejoin. /location owner player Assign ownership of a location to a player. Dissertations. They will be able to set protect on it and players not friended to hsc english writing questions, them won't be able to thesis nokia, teleport there. /location allow base name Allow players to /setbase in the location.
/location disallow base name Block /setbase in belonging creative writing, the location. /location name access minimum access level Set the minimum access level required to teleport to the location. /location name size number Set the size of the location measured from its centre. Dissertations. To make a 200 metre location set it to 100. /location safe name Flag the hsc english writing location as a safe zone.
The bot will automatically kill zombies in maxim essay, the location if players are in it. To prevent this feature spamming the hsc english creative server it is triggered every 30 seconds. When there are more than 10 players it changes to every minute. /location unsafe name The bot will no longer kill zombies in the location. /location name minigame game type Flag the location as part of a minigame such as capture the flag.
The minigame is an unfinished idea so this command doesn't do much yet. /location name cost number Require the player to have number Zennies to teleport there. The Zennies are removed from the player afterwards. /location name day closed 0-7 Block and maxim narrative remove players from the location on a set day. 7 = day 7.
Allow players inside the hsc english creative writing location from an essay sparknotes a set hour. Block and remove players from the location from a set hour. /location name min level minimum player level /location name max level maximum player level /location name min level minimum player level max level maximum player level Set a player level requirement to belonging creative, teleport to a location. Tell the bot to protect the location that you are in. It will instruct you what to do and papers will tell you when the location is protected. /unprotect location optional name Remove bot protection from the location. You can leave out the location name if you are in the location.
/location add name Create a location where you are standing. Unless you add random spawns, any player teleporting to hsc english belonging writing, the location will arrive at thesis nokia your current position. If you are not on the ground, make sure the players can survive the hsc english belonging creative writing landing. /location move name Move an existing location to where you are standing. Disobeying Essay. Unless you add random spawns, any player teleporting to the location will arrive at your current position. If you are not on the ground, make sure the belonging players can survive the landing.
If there are existing random spawns for the location, moving it will not move them. You should clear them and an essay sparknotes redo them using /location name clear and /location name random. List the locations and hsc english belonging questions basic info about them. /location name ends here. Set the size of the location as the difference between your position and narrative the centre of the location. Handy for setting it visually.
/location name random. Start setting random spawn points for the location. The bot uses your position which it samples every 3 seconds or so. Hsc English Belonging Writing Questions. It only records a new coordinate when you have moved more than 2 metres from the last recorded spot. Unless you intend players to fall, do not fly or clip through objects while recording. Maxim Essay. To stop recording just type stop.
You can record random spawns anywhere and more than once but remember to type stop after each recording or the bot will continue recording your movement and making spawn points from them. The spawns do not have to be inside the location and you can make groups of hsc english creative writing, spawns anywhere in the world for the location. /set tp optional location Create a single random teleport for the location you are in or if you are recording random teleports, it will set for that location. If you provide a location name you will create 1 random TP for checklist for research papers, that location where you are standing. See detailed information about a location including a list of players currently in it. When you enter and hsc english belonging leave a location you will see a private message informing you of this. The bot will say nothing when you enter or leave a location except for dissertations, pvp and pve zone changes. /run command a console command Sometimes you need to make the bot run a specific console command. This can be used to belonging questions, force the bot re-parse a list.
The bot saves its Lua tables daily at midnight (server time) and each time the server is shut down. If the bot gets messed up, you can try to i believe, fix it with this command. Other timestamped backups are made before the bot is reset but you will first need to strip the belonging creative questions date part off them to restore with this command. /set irc server IP or URL and optional port Use this command if you want players to know your IRC server's address. /set irc main (or alerts, watch or tracker) channel name without a # sign Change the bot's IRC channels.
Note that the bot can only reside in the main channel which is currently hard-coded in essay outline, Mudlet. If the bot is belonging not in the channel you set here, you will have to thesis nokia, /msg the bot or issue all commands in creative writing, private chat with the maxim narrative bot. or /reboot n minute (or hour) (optional: forced) Schedule a timed or immediate server reboot. The actual restart must be handled externally by belonging creative writing something else. Just before the i believe essay outline reboot happens, the bot issues a save command. If you add forced, only a level 0 admin can stop it. Shutting down the bot will also cancel a reboot but any automatic (timed) reboots will reschedule if the server wasn't also restarted. /set prison size number Depreciated. Hsc English Creative. Use /location prison size number /set map size number
Set the disobeying orders essay maximum distance from hsc english 0,0 that players are allowed to travel. Any players already outside this limit will be teleported to 0,0 and may get stuck under the map. They can relog. Size is in metres (blocks) and on liberation sparknotes be careful not to set it too small. The default map size is 10000 but the bot's default is 20000. Whatever size you set, donors will be able to travel 5km futher out creative writing so the true boundary is essay +5000.
/set base cooldown number in hsc english belonging questions, seconds (default is 2400 or 40 minutes) The /base or /home command can have a time delay between uses. Donors wait half as long. If you set it to 0 there is narrative no wait time. /motd (view the message of the day) /motd (or /set motd) your message here Display the hsc english creative current message of the day. Orders. If an admin types anything after /motd the typed text becomes the new MOTD. To remove it type /motd clear. /set rules new rules
Set the creative questions server rules. You can use supported bbcode tags, but only when setting the i believe rules from IRC. Hsc English Creative Questions. All tags must be closed with [-]. To display the rules type /rules. Cancel a scheduled reboot. You may not be able to disobeying orders essay, stop a forced or automatically scheduled reboot but you can pause it instead. Pause a scheduled reboot. It will stay paused until you unpause it or restart the hsc english creative questions bot. /unpause (or resume) reboot. Resume a reboot. /enable (or disable) reboot.
By default the bot does not manage server reboots. See also /set max uptime (default 12 hours) /name bot some cool name The default name is Bot. Help give your bot a personality by giving it a name. /set chat colour bbcolour code Set the colour of server messages. Player chat will be the default colour. /set warn colour bbcolour code
Set the colour of free, server warning messages. /set alert colour bbcolour code Set the creative colour of server alert messages. /set website your website or steam group Tell the bot the URL of your website or steam group so your players can ask for it. /set server ip IP of your 7 Days to Die server
The bot is unable to read the IP from thesis nokia its own profile for the server so enter it here. It will display in the /info command and hsc english belonging creative be used if a few other places. /set (or clear) max ping number To kick high ping players set a max ping. It will only outline, be applied to new players. You can also whitelist a new player to make them exempt. The bot doesn't immediately kick for high ping, it samples ping over 30 seconds and belonging writing questions will only kick for a sustained high ping. /set (or clear) welcome message your message here You can set a custom welcome message that will override the disobeying orders essay default greeting message when a player joins.
/set server pve (or pvp, creative or contest) Set the entire server to be PVE, PVP, Creative or Contest. Contest mode is not implemented yet and hsc english belonging creative questions all setting it creative does is and editing for research stop the bot pestering players about hsc english belonging creative, their inventory. /set pvp cooldown seconds Set how long after a pvp kill before the narrative essay player can use teleport commands again.
/disallow bad names. Auto-kick players with numeric names or names that contain no letters such as ascii art crap. They will see a kick message asking them to belonging, change their name. /allow bad names. Allow numeric names or names that contain no letters such as ascii art. /set max zombies number Change the narrative server's max spawned zombies. /set max players number
Change the server's max players. Belonging Creative. Admins can always join using the dissertations automated reserved slots feature. /set max animals number Change the server's max spawned animals. info: /max uptime. set: /set max uptime number Set how long (in hours) that the server can be running before the questions bot schedules a reboot. The bot will always add 15 minutes as the reboot is only scheduled at that time.
info: /new player timer. set: /set new player timer number (in minutes) By default a new player is treated differently from regulars and has some restrictions placed on them mainly concerning inventory. Set it to maxim essay, 0 to hsc english, disable this feature. /set server group group name (one word) This is used by the bots database which could be a cloud database. It is used to identify this bot as belonging to a group if you have more than one server. Essay. You do not need to set this. By default the bot reads overstack warnings coming from the server to learn what the hsc english writing questions stack limits are and it will pester players with excessive stack sizes and can send them to timeout for non-compliance. Use this command to disable this feature.
The bot will warn players that are overstacking and will eventually send them to timeout if they continue overstacking. /blacklist action ban (or exile) Set what happens to blacklisted players. The default is to ban them 10 years but if you create a location called exile, the bot can bannish them to there instead. Sparknotes. It acts like a prison. /show (or hide) teleports. If bot commands are hidden from creative writing chat, you can have the thesis nokia bot announce whenever a player teleports to hsc english belonging writing, a location (except /home). The bot can fix your server map's permissions with some nice settings. Thesis Nokia. If you use this command, the following permissions are set: /northeast pve (or pvp) Make northeast of 0,0 PVE or PVP. /northwest pve (or pvp)
Make northwest of 0,0 PVE or PVP. /southeast pve (or pvp) Make southeast of 0,0 PVE or PVP. /southwest pve (or pvp) Make southwest of 0,0 PVE or PVP. /north pve (or pvp) Make north of writing questions, 0,0 PVE or PVP. /south pve (or pvp) Make south of thesis nokia, 0,0 PVE or PVP.
/east pve (or pvp) Make east of 0,0 PVE or PVP. /west pve (or pvp) Make west of 0,0 PVE or PVP. This disables the belonging creative bot's hacker teleport detection. Essay. You would want to do this if you allow creative mode or at least allow players to hsc english creative writing questions, fly. This enables the dissertations bot's hacker teleport detection. /override access number from 99 to 4 All players have an hsc english belonging access level which governs what they can do.
You can override it for everyone to temporarily raise their access. eg. Maxim Essay. /overide access 10 would make all players donors until you restore it. To do that type /override access 99. Questions. This is faster than giving individual players donor access if you just want to revising checklist papers, do a free donor weekend. /disable base protection. Base protection can be turned off server wide. It does not make sense to use base protection on a PVP server. Also it is not available anywhere that is set as a PVP zone on any server. /enable base protection. Base protection is hsc english questions available by default but a player needs to set theirs up to an essay, use it.
/set pack cost number By default players can type /pack when they respawn after a death to return to close to their pack. Hsc English Creative. You can set a delay and/or a cost before the narrative command is available after a death. /set pack cooldown number in seconds By default players can type /pack when they respawn after a death to return to close to their pack. Hsc English Creative. You can set a delay and/or a cost before the command is available after a death. /set base cost number By default players can type /base to return to their base.
You can set a delay and/or a cost before the free dissertations command is available. Enable Zennies and the bank. Zombie kills will earn Zennies and the shop and gambling will be available if also enabled. You can disable Zennies and the bank. Zombie kills won't earn anything and writing questions the shop and gambling won't be available. /set overstack number (default 1000) Sets the maximum stack size before the thesis nokia bot will warn a player about overstacking. Usually the bot learns this directly from the server as stack sizes are exceeded. /enable region pm. Enable a PM for hsc english creative, admins that tells them the orders essay region name when they move to a new region.
/disable region pm. Disable a PM for admins that tells them the region name when they move to a new region. Enable the daily lottery if it is currently disabled. You can disable the lottery while keeping the shop and Zennies in creative, the game. /set lottery multiplier number Every zombie killed adds 1 x the lottery multiplier to the lottery total. The higher the number, the faster the lottery rises. The default is 2. /set zombie reward Zennies Set how many Zennies a player earns for each zombie killed. Remove everyone from the bot's whitelist. You can add everyone except blacklisted players to the bot's whitelist.
Set this if you do not want your players using teleport commands. Admins can still teleport. Set this if you want your players using teleport commands. This is the default. Allow or block players teleporting to maxim narrative essay, other players via shared waypoints or teleporting to hsc english belonging questions, friends. /disable hardcore mode.
Allow players to use bot commands. This is the default. /enable hardcore mode. Don't let players use any bot commands. Does not affect admins. Attempt to automatically fix the shop. It reloads the shop categories, checks for revising checklist papers, any missing categories in shop items and assigns them to misc then reindexes the shop. This fix is experimental and might not actually fix whatever is wrong with your shop.
/allow rapid relog. New players who want to belonging creative writing, cheat often relog rapidly in order to spawn lots of items into the server using cheats or bugs. This command makes the bot ignore these and do nothing to stop them. /disallow rapid relog. New players who want to cheat often relog rapidly in order to revising for research, spawn lots of items into the server using cheats or bugs. This command makes the hsc english questions bot temp ban new players found to i believe, be relogging many times less than a minute apart.
/idle kick on (off is default) When the server is full, if idle kick is on players will get kick warnings for hsc english belonging creative writing, 15 minutes of maxim essay, no movement then they get kicked. /irc private (or /irc public) If IRC is private, the bot won't share the hsc english questions url or info with players and players can't invite anyone to irc using the disobeying invite command. When public, players can find the IRC info with /help irc and belonging creative they can create irc invites for disobeying essay, themselves and others.
/set money name singular plural The default money name is the Zenny and hsc english creative questions the plural is Zennies. Both names must be one word each. eg /set money name Chip Chips. /set default base size number in metres or blocks The default base protection size is 32 blocks (64 diameter). This default only applies to new players joining the server for the first time. Existing base sizes are not changed with this command. /set reserved slots number of slots
You can have a number of server slots reserved for narrative, admins and selected players. Anyone can join but if the server becomes full, players who aren't staff or allowed to reserve a slot will be randomly selected and kicked if an creative writing admin or authorised player joins. To disable, set reserved slots to outline, 0. Set how many Zennies it costs to bail out of prison. To disable bail set it to zero (the default) /set prison timer number (in minutes) Set how long someone stays in prison for when jailed automatically. To not have a time limit, set this to writing, 0 which is the default. /enable returns (the default) After being teleported somewhere, players can type /return to be sent back to where they came from. This is enabled by default but you can disable them. Revising Checklist For Research. Admins are not affected by this setting.
/enable noclip scan (the default) /disable noclip scan. Using Coppi's mod version 2.5+ you can detect players that are noclipping under the hsc english map. It can false flag but it is still a useful early warning of free, a possible hacker. Currently this feature only alerts to IRC. It does not punish. /enable error scan. /disable error scan (the default) The bot can automatically scan for and fix some errors using console commands. The scan happens automatically every 2 minutes. Hsc English Belonging Writing Questions. You can disable them if you suspect they are creating lag.
/enable entity scan. /disable entity scan (the default) Scan for on liberation sparknotes, entities server wide every 30 seconds. The resulting list is copied to the entities Lua table where it can be further processed for questions, other bot features. /set reboot hour 0 to 23 Reboot the server when the server time matches the hour (24 hour time) To disable clock based reboots set this to -1 or don't enter a number. /set reboot minute 0 to 59 Reboot the server when the server time matches the i believe essay outline hour and minute (24 hour time) To disable clock based reboots use /set reboot hour (without a number) /set cbsm friendly. /set cbsm unfriendly.
By default if the creative writing bot detects CBSM it will automatically change the command prefix for bot commands from / to # CBSM friendly sets this default behaviour. Typing anything else after /set cbsm will make the bot ignore CBSM and you can set the bot to revising and editing checklist for research, use / commands again. On irc you can change the bot's command prefix by typing command prefix / or if you want to belonging, use the ! type command prefix ! Make the bot check for free dissertations, script updates. They will be installed if you have set /enable updates. Allow the bot to automatically update itself by downloading scripts. It will check daily, but you can also command it to hsc english creative writing, check immediately with /update bot. /set update branch.
Bot updates are released in two branches, stable and testing. The stable branch will not update as often and should have less issues than testing. New and trial features will release to free dissertations, testing before stable. Important fixes will be ported to stable from testing whenever possible. You can switch between branches as often as you want. Any changes in testing that are not in stable will never break stable should you switch back to it. /set rolling delay minutes Set the delay in minutes between rolling announcements.
Tell the bot to forget everything it knows about the server. You will be asked to confirm this, answer with yes. Say anything else to creative questions, abort. Usually you only need to use /reset bot. Essay. This reset goes further. /reset bot keep money.
Tell the bot to forget only some things, some player info, locations, bases etc. You will be asked to confirm this, answer with yes. Say anything else to abort. Use this command after wiping the server. The bot will detect the day change and will ask if you want to reset the bot too. /quick reset bot. Tell the bot to forget only hsc english belonging creative writing, some things, some player info, locations, bases etc.
You will be asked to dissertations, confirm this, answer with yes. Say anything else to abort. Use this command after wiping the server. Belonging Questions. The bot will detect the day change and will ask if you want to disobeying essay, reset the bot too. If the bot detects that the server days have rolled back, it will ask you if you want to reset the bot. Type /no reset if you don't want the bot to reset itself. /mute player name /unmute player name
Prevent a player using text chat or allow them to chat. /spawn horde optional player or location name number of zombies Spawn a horde around a player or location or at a marked coordinate. See /set horde. Hide commands from ingame chat which makes them all PM's or show them which makes them public. Enable or disable physics on the server. The state of physics is persistent across reboots. /set new player/player/donor/prisoner/mod/admin/owner chat colour FFFFFF. To disable automatic chat colouring, set it to white which is FFFFFF. Enable or disable physics on the server. The state of physics is persistent across reboots.
Optional parts: wall block name fill air block width number length number height number x x coord y y coord z z coord Default values: wall steelBlock fill air width 20 length 20 height 3. It uses your current position for x, y and z if not given. Generate and build a random maze. It is hsc english belonging creative questions very slow and thesis nokia someone must stay with it or it won't work. Cancel it with /stop maze. Aborts any maze(s) that you have told the bot to hsc english, create.
Marks your current position to spawn a horde ther with /spawn horde. Clear horde doesn't remove the horde. Maxim. It only clears the saved coordinate. You can copy an area of hsc english belonging creative questions, blocks to thesis nokia, later recall them or to writing questions, fill the area with a block. This requires the narrative latest Coppi's Additions and are not currently in Alloc's Mod.
You can give it any name but you can't reuse a name that is already defined by you. The block commands prender, pdup and pblock allow for the last command to be undone, however since more than one person can command the bot to do block commands. it is possible that other block commands have been done by the bot since your last block command. If the last block command came from belonging questions you, the bot will undo it. /list saves optional player name List all your saved prefabs or those of thesis nokia, someone else. This list is hsc english creative writing coordinate pairs of places in the world that you have marked for some block command. You can use a named save with the block commands. Mark two opposite corners of the area you wish to copy. Move up or down between corners to add volume.
Now that you have marked out the area you want to copy, you can save it. Everything after the prefab name is optional and if not given, the stored coords and rotation will be used. Restore a saved prefab in place or place it somewhere else. If you provide coords and an optional rotation (default is 0 - north), you will make a new copy of the i believe essay prefab at those coords. If you instead add here, it will load on your current position with optional rotation. If you only provide the name of the saved prefab, it will restore the belonging creative writing questions prefab in place which replaces the original with the copy. For perfect placement, start from a south corner. /list (or /li) partial name of an item or block List all items containing the an essay text you are searching for. /move block name of saved prefab here. /move block name of saved prefab up (or down) number
Fills a saved block with air then renders it at the new position and updates the block's coordinates. /copy block name of saved prefab here. Renders a saved block at your position or the coordinates you specify. /rotate (or /spin) block name of saved prefab Spins a block around its first XYZ. /rotate (or /spin) block name of saved prefab Spins a block around its first XYZ.
/set mark optional player Temp store your current position for use in block commands which you use later. It is writing questions only stored in memory. If you add a player name it will record their current position instead. Temp store your current position for use in block commands which you use later.
It is only stored in memory. Temp store your current position for use in disobeying, block commands which you use later. It is only stored in memory. /erase optional number (default 5) Replace an area around you with air blocks.
Add a number to change the size. Default is 5. /dig (or fill) optional number (default 5) Dig a hole or fill a hole. Belonging Writing. Default is 5. This can also be used to make tunnels and walls. When not digging or filling up or down, a compass direction is needed (north, south, east, west) There are several optional parts, wide, block, tall, base and long. Default block is dissertations air, base is at your feet and the others default to 5. /dig north wide 3 tall 3 long 100. /dig bedrock wide 1. /dig up (makes a 5x5 room) /dig up (or room) wide 5 tall 10 (makes a 10x10 room) /fill east base 70 wide 2 tall 10 long 50 block steelBlock. /fill bedrock wide 2 block 1. You can repeat the belonging creative questions last command with /again and change direction with /again west.
/fix bedrock distance You can replace the bedrock layer below you up to distance away from your position. You only need to sparknotes, be over the area to be fixed. Hsc English. No other layers are touched. /fill name of saved prefab block ID face north, south, east, west or n, s, e, w Now that you have marked out the area you replace every block with 1 type of block.
eg. /fill wall 8 south (default facing is north. 8 is the block id for sand.)
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Тема: Creative Writing Hsc Questions — 143591 | Татошкина…
Own It: 15 Inspiring Business Lessons from belonging, Oprah Winfrey. Oprah Winfrey is a self-made CEO worth about $2.7 billion. By most accounts, she’s the greatest black philanthropist in American history and the most influential woman in the world. But she could have been just another talk show host. In 1984 she got her dream job: hosting a show called ‘AM Chicago’. Under her watch, it went from last to first in thesis nokia, the ratings.
Two years later, the program was being syndicated nationally as ‘The Oprah Winfrey Show’. That’s when Oprah made the decision that transformed her from an entertainer to an entrepreneur with a salary of $290 million a year. I’ll explain that decision and hsc english questions how you can adopt Oprah’s mindset in the 15 lessons below. 15 Inspiring Business Lessons from Oprah Winfrey. “I had no idea that being your authentic self could make me as rich as I’ve become. If I had, I’d have done it a lot earlier.” Oprah has been captivating audiences since she was three years old. Her local church had nicknamed Oprah “The Preacher” for her ability to recite Bible verses. She had a knack for interviewing too. Back then, Oprah’s favorite game was to an essay ask question of her doll and belonging creative writing the crows on the fence of sparknotes, her family’s property.
In other words, Winfrey was pretty much born to be a talk show host. If you feel like your job is belonging creative, a round hole and you’re a square peg, it’s time to free make a change. #2 Respond to belonging creative writing Prejudice with Excellence. In the revising for research early 1970’s, Oprah landed a job as the first black female news anchor at Nashville’s WLAC-TV. In 1976 Winfrey got an offer to writing anchor the six o’clock news in Baltimore. Ten years later, she was the host of disobeying, The Oprah Winfrey Show – the number-one daytime talk show in America. Oprah knew all along that she wasn’t what TV producers wanted in front of the camera. As TIME magazine wrote, “In a field dominated by white males, she is a black female of ample bulk.” Knowing this, she could have given up. But Winfrey believed that she could overcome prejudice in her industry by being the best in her industry:
“Excellence is the best deterrent to racism or sexism.” #3 If You Haven’t Fallen, You Haven’t Walked. “Go ahead. Fall down. Hsc English Writing? The world looks different from the disobeying essay ground.”
Oprah, like mostly insanely successful people, doesn’t believe in failure. What most people think of as failure, Winfrey considers to be a new perspective, a new lesson, another stepping stone to her destination. This is the creative writing advice she has for those afraid to fail: “Do the one thing you think you cannot do. Fail at i believe outline it. Try again. Do better.” When Winfrey was co-anchoring the evening news in Baltimore, a botched hair treatment destroyed her hair and left her totally bald. Winfrey was devastated, knowing how important a good head of hair is for creative writing, a news anchor. But she was also able to look on the bright side.
Years later, Oprah told Ms. Maxim Essay? magazine, “You learn a lot about yourself when you’re bald.” “Turn your wounds into wisdom.” Winfrey’s past is full of struggle – she grew up poor, was sexually abused as a child, and creative questions had a son at the age of 14 who died in infancy – but she credits these events for free dissertations, giving her more capacity to relate to the pain of others. I’m not going to tell you that “everything happens for a reason,” but I can promise you that there are two sides to hsc english belonging creative writing questions every coin. Essay Outline? As Winfrey puts it, “every single event in life happens in an opportunity to choose love over hsc english belonging creative writing questions, fear.” School teaches kids that success is achieved by maxim following instructions and by doing things the way they’re “supposed to be” done. But life and business teach a different lesson.
When Winfrey got her first job as a news anchor, she didn’t read the news in a dry, objective tone (as it was “supposed to be” read). Hsc English? She spoke with emotion and empathy, as if she was really experiencing what she was reporting. It was different, but audiences liked it – and so TV producers did too. After a few years of hosting ‘The Oprah Winfrey Show’, she again wanted to challenge the norm. An Essay Sparknotes? Winfrey explains: “I’m sick of people sittin’ in chairs stating their problems. Then we roll the hsc english creative writing videotape… then we have our experts on free dissertations, the topic… I’m in the ‘What’s next?’ phase of my career.” What was next for Winfrey was a different kind of hsc english belonging writing, talk show, one that focused less on tabloid stories and checklist papers more on belonging creative questions, broad issues like health, politics, and spirituality. Again, Winfrey’s willingness to forge her own path paid off: ‘Oprah’ ruled the day-time TV ratings until it went off the air in 2011. “Your gut is your inner compass. Whenever you have to i believe consult with other people for hsc english writing questions, an answer, you’re headed in the wrong direction.”
A few years ago, I was faced with a big life crossroads. I wanted to choose my path in the most rational way possible, so I made a weighted chart with all of the positives and negatives, analyzed the data, and determined the and editing checklist for research “right” choice. But something didn’t feel right. Oprah would have told me to go with my gut. She’s a strong believer in creative writing questions, her instincts, saying they’re “where true wisdom manifests itself.” She’s made her big decisions (like deciding to retire from ‘The Oprah Winfrey Show’) just based on a gut feeling. Instinct-based decision making is faster, less stressful, and an essay more holistic. Belonging Questions? So if you’ve been making all of dissertations, your decisions based on rational analysis but you’re not 100% happy with the hsc english belonging creative writing questions results, try following going with your gut for a change.
You can’t earn $2.7 billion without getting lucky at least once. Oprah understands that she’s been lucky, but she doesn’t see luck as pure chance: “I feel that luck is preparation meeting opportunity.” Every entrepreneur hopes to land a huge client or get a sudden spike in traffic, but if they’ve spent all their time hoping (and not preparing) then when that huge opportunity finally does come along, their business won’t be fully equipped to make the most of orders, it. Instead wishing for luck, think about what opportunity you would most like to receive in your life. Are you completely prepared to hsc english creative writing questions make the most of it?
#8 Help Yourself by disobeying Helping Others. Not only has Winfrey started her own charity (Oprah’s Angel Network), she’s also given more of her own money to philanthropic causes than any other performer in America (estimated at $303 million in 2007). The main reason that Oprah does this is so that she can make a positive impact in the lives of hsc english belonging creative writing questions, others, but she also has a selfish reason: “The surest way to essay bring goodness to yourself is to make it your intention to do good for belonging writing questions, somebody else.” As entrepreneurs helping others, we demonstrate our value, encourage reciprocal help, build our networks, and i believe outline create good karma. Doing good for others is doing good for yourself. “The more you praise and celebrate your life, the more there is in life to hsc english creative writing questions celebrate.”
To celebrate two decades on national television, Winfrey thanked her hard-working staff by taking them and their families on vacation to Hawaii (1065 people in free dissertations, total). Hsc English Creative Writing Questions? That’s a pretty big thank you. Oprah’s such a fan of saying thanks, that she’s created an app called the “Thank You Game” which aspires to thank a half a billion people. Feeling thankful for what we have and what other people have done for us is a great way to foster contentment in our lives. Dissertations? But Oprah also believes that it’s a key to finding success and getting more of questions, what you want in life: “Be thankful for what you have; you’ll end up having more. If you concentrate on what you don’t have, you will never, ever have enough.” The life of an for research papers, entrepreneur is hectic. As I type this sentence, I have about five very different tasks on my to-do list and all of them probably should have been done yesterday. Oprah’s life is even busier and hsc english belonging much more stressful, which is narrative essay, why it’s so important for her to have ways of coping: “Sometimes in the thick of life, when my call list is longer than the hsc english questions day and people are lined up waiting for meeting after meeting, I just stop.
I still myself. And look at a tree. Thesis Nokia? A flower. Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing Questions? The sun’s light reflecting off the window. Dissertations? And I remember love is available. I inhale it, exhale, and hsc english belonging writing get back to work.” Next time you’re in a crunch and disobeying orders essay you’re ready to throw in belonging creative writing questions, the towel, remember Oprah’s method for slowing things down and regaining your clarity and focus. If she can put on a daily television show while working as CEO of Harpo Productions, there’s a chance you can get everything on free, your to-do list checked off today as well. “Surround yourself with only creative questions people who are going to lift you higher.” Peer pressure is a powerful thing. We take on the habits, attitudes, and free tastes of the hsc english questions people we spend our time with.
I’ve read several places that your income will be the essay average of hsc english writing questions, your five closest friends. But the maxim more rich and successful you are, the more important it is for you to have true friends. Oprah knows this well: “Lots of people want to ride with you in the limo, but what you want is someone who will take the bus with you when the limo breaks down.” “The big secret in life is that there’s no big secret. Whatever your aim, you will get there if you’re willing to work.” Every successful entrepreneur who I’ve profiled is different, but they have one thing in common: each has worked hard to accomplish their goals. Oprah Winfrey pulled in a $290 million salary last year, but that figure represents 40 hour weeks piled on top of 50 hour weeks piled on top of 60 hour weeks.
#13 It’s Easier to Succeed While Doing What You Love. “You know you are on the road to success if you would do your job, and not be paid for it.” When you’re doing what you love, then you’re probably going to do a better job. You’ll also have more energy. Oprah says, “Passion is hsc english, energy. Feel the power that comes from focusing on an essay, what excites you.” “This is your moment. Writing? Own it.” Winfrey chose to take ownership of her show when she founded Harpo Productions. I Believe Outline? Being CEO of hsc english belonging questions, Harpo empowered her to free dissertations have control over every aspect of her show.
It also opened the door for Winfrey to produce films, broadcast radio programs, and belonging publish a magazine. Oprah’s refused countless offers to endorse other company’s products. Maxim Essay? Everything that Oprah says, creates, or lends her name to, she owns. And she’s done it with virtually no outside investment: Winfrey owns 90% of stock in Harpo. Not satisfied with just her own show, as of 2011 Winfrey has her own network. Naturally, its name is ‘OWN’ (Oprah Winfrey Network).
“We’re each responsible for our own life. Belonging Creative Writing? No one else is or even could be.” I talk to a lot of people who have adopted a passive mindset in their life. The way they see it, things just happen to them and thesis nokia all they can do is hsc english belonging writing, react. An Essay Sparknotes? These people allow other people and hsc english creative writing external forces control them.
Oprah never thought that way. She once said, “I don’t think of myself as a poor deprived ghetto girl who made good. I think of free dissertations, myself as somebody who from an early age knew I was responsible for myself, and I had to make good.” You’re the only person in control of your hands, your feet, and your brain. What you choose to do with them will make all the difference in the world. 7 Secrets To Writing A Best Selling Book That Sold 2 Million Copies!
How To Sell A Website For The Most Money Possible. What The Best Sales Closers Taught Me About Selling Online. 15 Business Lessons from Amazon’s Jeff Bezos. Elon Musk’s 15 Lessons for Your Startup Business. 17 Reasons Why You Need To Join A Mastermind Group. 21 Key Principles For Success In Modern Business. How to creative questions Be Like Mike: 21 Life Lessons from Michael Jordan. Do Not Write Another Blog Post Until You Watch This Free Video. How I got over i believe outline, 10,000,000 people to visit my websites.
The types of hsc english, blog post that got me all that traffic. How to get someone else to do it for you! How We Get Over 64.73% Of New Email Subscribers. We first added a popup opt-in box to IncomeDiary back in 2010. Disobeying Orders? Today, it gets us more subscribers than our homepage opt-in, footer opt-in, sidebar opt-in and squeeze pages combined. After seeing how well it worked for us, we decided to develop it into hsc english writing questions, a plugin our readers could use.
It's been so popular that over 60,000 websites now use it! inspiring and very useful post. thanks nick. I’m glad you find it useful. You join the on liberation sparknotes ranks of millions who Oprah has inspired! True Inspiration. I am really impressed by Oprah. Hsc English Belonging? You are really great.
It is thesis nokia, amazing to think of all she has accomplished. It’s doubly impressive to think of hsc english belonging creative questions, all the challenges she started out with. very captivating, inspiring and educative. This has to be one of my all time favorite articles! I loved every word! As entrepreneurs, we can all learn many lessons from Oprah, but her mindset was by far her biggest asset. What do you think small business owners should pay the most attention to revising checklist out of these lessons? Hmmmmm… I would say “Make Your Own Luck.” I’ve had a few golden business opportunities slip through my fingers because I wasn’t totally prepared for them. Oprah is an inspiration to me, and I love these 15 Inspiring Lessons. Thank you for sharing. Thanks for hsc english belonging creative writing, reading.
Definitely agree with the point about choosing your friends wisely. Sparknotes? If you hang out with unsuccessful people, you are probably going to be an unsuccessful person as well. If you hang out with people who have like mindsets and are looking to achieve similar things as you, both of you can succeed together! Very true, Thomas. I love spending time with fellow successful entrepreneurs, hearing their perspective and writing questions the way they think. But remember too that it’s not just about thesis nokia, spending time with successful people — if your friends are happy, kind, generous, and active, those traits will rub off on you as well. Hi OPRAH, you are my inspiration and my mentor. I watched your show everyday, I have learned a lot from you. Belonging Creative Writing? I want to walk in thesis nokia, your footsteps and creative writing questions be the Oprah Winfrey of South Africa. Disobeying Essay? I admire you giving spirit.
May God continue to bless you as you are a blessing to many. Nick, you killed it here again with this epic post. Oprah is such a great woman and considering she’s black, it shows hope for the black. Nick,you have been writing these kind of belonging writing questions, blogs about various people like Richard Branson,Steve Jobs etc .Can I have your permission to an essay on liberation compile this as a book for the Indian market. I live in belonging creative writing questions, SFO but spend a lot of time in Chennai,India! Look forward to hearing from you. Wow. Great to know.
Thank you, Nick. I’ve learnt a lot. I had always wanted to read more about the life history of Oprah and find if its true she was sexually abused. Today I got the truth. I am truly inspired by the fact that she has taken her disappointments as her strengths. Good story! I love it.
Very inspiring article. Be yourself, work hard, give back, choose your friends wisely, and free never give up. These are all things that every one of us can learn from. I know I forget that people like Oprah weren’t born super successful, they had to creative questions work at free dissertations it. As long as you a doing something that you love, then that shouldn’t be a problem. I wish there are women like Oprah in Malaysia. Hsc English Creative Writing? A woman who fights hard for an essay, her goal. Yes, we do have successful women entrepreneurs but they do not care about others as much as Oprah. They can talk but seldom walk their talk. Ever since Oprah have been an inspiration for everyone specially for women.
These are essential lessons we can learn from her. Thanks for sharing. Oprah is definitely an impressive woman. If you look at everything she believes in, it’s easy to see how she became as successful as she is. This article inspires me to do more each day.
Love it! This post makes me feel inspired. I think I will create a Pinterest board called “The Wisdom of Oprah Winfrey”. I’ll take each of the quotations you used from her, turn them into little motivational posters, and share her wisdom with everyone. Thanks! i just to know about that oprah, so i can learn more from hsc english belonging writing, you. and anytime i must like her. thank for sharing. Amazing.
I just LOVE Oprah. She inspires me to be a better person. Free Dissertations? Love this article.
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File input (or “upload”) in HTML forms. A form in an HTML document (Web page) can contain an input element with type=file . This may let the hsc english writing user include one or more files into the form submission. An Essay On Liberation? The form is often processed so that such files are stored onto the disk of the Web server; this is why file input (or file submission) is often called “file upload.” File input opens interesting possibilities, but browser support is still limited and generally of poor quality even in hsc english writing questions newest versions. Moreover, users are often puzzled with it, since most people use file input rather rarely. This is a legacy document, with many references to i believe essay outline, outdated browser versions. Hsc English Writing Questions? It does not cover features such as the revising for research papers File API or the new features in file upload in HTML5. The idea behind file input in HTML forms is to let users include entire files from their system into a form submission. The files could be text files, image files, or other data. For text files, file input would allow more convenient mechanisms than typing (or cutting pasting) large pieces of text. Hsc English Belonging Creative? For binary data, such as images, file input would be not just more convenient but usually the only practical way. For more information on the design principles of file input, see RFC 1867, Form-based File Upload in HTML . Writing an HTML form with a file input field is rather simple.
The difficult thing is actually to dissertations, find or write a server-side script which can do something useful when it receives data in such a format. And the really difficult thing is to make such processing robust and controlled so that all data is hsc english belonging creative writing, processed properly and so that someone won’t e.g. fill your server’s disk space with gigabytes of dissertations, junk, by ignorance or by malevolence. You need to know the general basics of writing HTML forms; if you need links to tutorials and references on forms, consult How to write HTML forms . Then, what you need to do in HTML is to hsc english creative writing, write a form so that the action attribute refers to a server-side script which is capable of handling submissions containing forms or, technically speaking, being in multipart/form-data format; as explained below, don’t even dream about free dissertations, using mailto: URLs in action attributes, in this context or otherwise! it has the attribute method=post it has the attribute enctype=multipart/form-data it contains a field. input type=file name= somename size= chars where somename is a name you assign to the field as you like; the form data set will contain the content of the file “under that name”, and hsc english belonging, that name has nothing to do with the filename chars is an integer specifying the desired width, as a number of essay, characters, of the filename box to be displayed; the size attribute is creative writing questions, optional, but setting it to some relatively large value (say 40 ) probably helps the user, since the default width of the box in current browsers is rather narrow for typical filenames. (See notes on the size attribute.) Minimally, the form needs to contain a a submit element too. It may also contain any other fields you like, and explanatory texts, images, etc. A common problem with file input in essay forms is that form data gets sent but only the name of the file is included. Hsc English Belonging Creative Writing Questions? The reason is typically that the form element does not contain the attributes mentioned above. Since browser support to file input is disobeying orders, still problematic, consider providing alternative methods of submitting data, too. It is hopefully evident that what happens in hsc english belonging writing file input is the submission of a copy of the file content . The file on the user’s disk remains intact, and dissertations, the server-side script cannot change it , only the copy of the creative writing questions data. As mentioned above, the server-side script (form handler) is the difficult part in disobeying orders creating a possibility for submitting files.
There are useful brief notes on that in writing the FAQ entry, but it is a difficult programming issue, and outside the disobeying scope of this document of mine. Belonging Creative Writing Questions? I just wish to emphasize—in addition to security issues discussed below - that what happens to the data after submission is at dissertations the hands of the hsc english belonging creative server-side script . It could “upload” it, i.e. Thesis Nokia? save onto the server’s disk under some name, but it might just as well process the data only by extracting some information from it, or send the data by writing, E-mail somewhere, or even send it to a printer. For example, the WDG HTML Validator provides, as one alternative, a page containing a form for i believe outline submitting a file to validation. There are different server-side techniques for processing forms, so you need to consult documentation applicable to the technique you use, which is hsc english questions, usually dictated by i believe essay, the characteristics of the server software. In particular, if you use CGI , it can be useful to check section Programs and creative writing, Scripts: Perl: File Uploading in CGI Resource Index . (See also the dissertations links under “Related Categories” for scripts in other languages.) You might find a script suitable for your purposes, or at least ideas for writing your own script. Creative Writing? In your own coding using Perl with CGI, you’ll probably benefit from using the CGI.pm module; see especially section Creating a file upload field in its documentation, and my Fool’s Guide to CGI.pm . As an another example, if PHP is maxim essay, what you use, see section Handling file uploads in PHP Manual . For ASP, see e.g. Pure ASP File Upload by creative, Jacob Gilley. The example below uses my simple sendback script, similar to the one discussed in my document on testing HTML forms but capable of simple handling of a file field. It simply echoes back the data it gets, but presented so that your browser will display it nicely; for essay a file field, only 40 first octets (byes) are shown. The HTML markup is:
And on your browser, with its current settings, and as possibly affected by belonging creative writing, my stylesheet, this is on liberation sparknotes, what the form looks like. RFC 1867 describes, in section 3 Suggested implementation , how file input was intended to take place in hsc english belonging questions a typical situation: When a[n] INPUT tag of type FILE is encountered, the browser might show a display of (previously selected) file names, and a “Browse” button or selection method. Selecting the “Browse” button would cause the browser to enter into a file selection mode appropriate for essay the platform. Window-based browsers might pop up a file selection window, for example. In such a file selection dialog, the user would have the option of replacing a current selection, adding a new file selection, etc.
Browser implementors might choose let the list of file names be manually edited. If an hsc english writing questions, ACCEPT attribute is present, the browser might constrain the on liberation file patterns prompted for to match those with the corresponding appropriate file extensions for the platform. Upon form submit, the writing questions contents of the files would then be included into the data set sent, as defined by on liberation, the specification of the multipart/form-data data type (data format, data encoding). Although most browsers have supported file input for a long time, the quality of implementations is poor. Belonging Questions? Therefore users easily get confused with file input. The following notes on browser support are mostly historical and based on fairly old observations of mine (on Win95, Win98, and WinNT). These notes are followed by more interesting notes users’ problems especially caused by the poor quality of support on modern browsers. IE 3.0 displays an input box and lets the user type a filename there—and it sends the name as part of the form data! Generally, any browser without any code which tries to support input type=file can be expected to behave that way. (A browser which does not recognize file as a possible value for the type attribute can be expected to ignore that attribute, which means that the default value will be used, as if type=text had been specified.) IE 4 has an input box and a “Browse” capability, and sparknotes, it actually sends the file content, but it still allows one file only to questions, be selected.
The “Browse” function display is unfiltered, i.e. Disobeying? all files which are normally visible are selectable. There does not seem to be any improvement in this respect in IE 5, or IE 6, or IE?7. Netscape 4 support to file input has a “Browse” capability, too, but the browsing has by default a filter which limits selectability to “HTML files”. The user can manually change this, though it is questionable how familiar users are with such things. Only one file can be specified. There does not seem to be any improvement in this respect in Netscape 4.5. Here is an hsc english belonging creative questions, example of the user interface: The above-mentioned strange feature of an essay on liberation sparknotes, Netscape has been fixed in Mozilla, which uses no filter (i.e. displays all files); on belonging questions the other hand it (at least in several versions) gives no user option to switch to a filtered view!
Otherwise, Mozilla browsers follow the narrative IE and Netscape tradition in implementing file input. Opera supports file input rather well. It provides a “Browse” menu, though the button for hsc english writing activating it carries the label “. ”, which might be somewhat confusing. It lets the user specify several files from the menu: Normally when you click on a file, the selection is on liberation sparknotes, changed, but. if you keep the Ctrl key pressed down while clicking on a file, Opera adds it to the selection, and if you keep the Shift key pressed down while clicking on a file, Opera discards the writing questions current selection and replaces it with a range of files, from the file you clicked on i believe essay to the file you last clicked before that, inclusively. It isn’t perfect though. Creative Writing? The Browse window is rather small, and it is revising, impossible to pick up several ranges, i.e. you must click on the files individually unless you want to select just one contiguous range. And the box for hsc english creative file names is quite small too, and its size is not affected by the size attribute.
See also notes on setting the essay default filename. When several files are specified (for one file input field), Opera puts them into a multipart message inside a multipart message. The Safari browser is popular in the Mac environment and is now available for Windows as well, as a beta version. I have been told that on Safari, the file input widget has just a browse button, labeled “Choose file…,” with no filename field. On the browsers discussed above, if the user types a filename directly into the input box, it must be the full pathname and it must be typed exactly. If the input is not a name of an existing file (e.g. due to a typo), then the form will be sent as if an empty file had been specified (though with the name given by the user), and no warning is given.
People who encounter file input for the first time might be expected to belonging creative, get very confused, since the filename box appears first and looks like an area where the user should type something. The user probably often wishes to view the contents of files in the dialog, since it is difficult to select the file on the basis of its name only. On Windows systems, the browsers discussed here seem to use widgets where normal clicking on a file icon selects it, and to open it (in some program) one needs to use right click and select a suitable action. I guess most users won’t find that out thesis nokia without being helped. The following screen capture presents the dialogue on IE 4 (on WinNT) in a situation where the user has right clicked on an icon and an action menu has popped up and the user is about to select the O pen action (which would, in this case, probably open the .jpg file in a graphics program or in a new browser window. There’s little you can do as the author of a form to help users in getting acquainted with such issues. Belonging Questions? If you think it’s useful to refer to instructions for some particular browsing environments, make it clear what situations (browsers, operating systems) the instructions apply to. The technical problems discussed here are one reason why authors should consider providing alternatives to file input.
There’s a section on accessibility problems below, discussing some additional reasons. The appearance of the Browse button and the filename box. All the browsers mentioned above use essentially similar appearance for the widget used to implement a file input element: a text input box for the filename looks similar to normal text input elements ( input type=text ), and the Browse button resembles submit buttons (thus, is an essay on liberation, often grey), and it has the text “Browse” or its equivalent in belonging creative another language. That text is under the control of the browser, not the author. Narrative? It has however been reported that on Netscape, the text could be changed using a signed script. This is somewhat problematic, since it does not make the essential difference between submit and browse buttons visually obvious. Cf. to similar problems with reset buttons.
There is no way to guarantee that Browse buttons “look different” or otherwise force any particular appearance such as font face or size. See the hsc english belonging creative questions document Affecting the presentation of form fields on Web pages for an overview and examples. The Browse button is disobeying essay, particularly “immune” to any presentational suggestions; it’s typically a “hard-wired” part of the browser’s user interface. In particular, on writing IE, declaring a background color and a text color for input elements in a style sheet affects submit buttons ( input type=submit ) but not Browse buttons ( input type=file ). If you think that “looking different” is important, you might thus try suggesting presentational features for revising and editing submit buttons rather than Browse buttons (i.e., for input type=file elements). Belonging Writing? However, this would mean that Browse buttons look like (the default appearance of) submit buttons whereas real submit buttons don’t! So it seems that it’s best to let browsers present Browse and submit buttons their way . The input box for the filename, on the other hand, seems to be affected by thesis nokia, similar factors as normal text input boxes. You can apply various CSS properties to hsc english belonging creative questions, the input element, though it is far from obvious what they should mean for a file input widget or what they actually cause in each browser.
Historical note: Since input elements are inline (text-level) elements, you can put text level markup like font around them in HTML. However, such markup is often ignored when rendering form fields For example, font size=4 face=Courierinput type=file . Narrative? /font might increase the font size and hsc english creative writing questions, set the font to narrative, Courier. Specifically, this happened on Netscape 4 but not on most other browsers. (As a side effect, on Netscape 4, such a font size change affected the dimensions of the Browse button but not the font size of the belonging creative the text “Browse”. Note that if you included a color attribute there, Netscape ignored it.) You could suggest presentational properties in a style sheet too, e.g. input type=file . style=color:#f00; background:#ccc and these in turn would be ignored e.g. by Netscape 4 but applied, to some extent at least, by most other graphic browsers. It is difficult to say how CSS rules should affect the free widget, since it is an open question whether e.g. the text of the Browse button (which is not part of the belonging writing textual content of the HTML document) should be formatted according to the font properties of the input element. (For example, IE 4 and Mozilla seem to apply the font-size property but not the font-family property when rendering the button text. IE 6 applies font-family too. The following example demonstrates how your browser treats a file input element where we suggest presentational properties both in HTML and in CSS: The example has the checklist papers HTML markup.
and the hsc english belonging creative questions following CSS declarations applied to that input element: color:#630; background:#ffc none; font-size:160%; font-family:Courier,monospace; font-weight:bold. Such suggestions might help in making it clearer to i believe, users that there is a special input box. But try to belonging questions, avoid making it look too special, since there is then the risk of not getting intuitively recognized as an input box at all. At Quirksmode.org, there is a longish article that discusses fairly complex CSS techniques for changing the maxim narrative appearance of file input elements, in a sense: Styling an input type=file . I?would however advice against any substantial changes in hsc english belonging questions the appearance. Any esthetic improvement over browser defaults (in addition to narrative, being a matter of taste) has a price: it makes even the experienced user uncertain of what the widget is. File input is belonging, a challenge to many users. This section discusses some specific accessibility problems in file input. For an overview of what accessibility is and why it is dissertations, important, please refer to belonging questions, the Guide to Web Accessibility and Design for thesis nokia All . It has been reported that some special-purpose browsing software, such as some versions of the JAWS screen reader, have serious difficulties in file input. Belonging Writing? This is understandable, since the common implementation in browsers is oriented towards visual interaction. Even the “normal” browsers have serious difficulties in dissertations file input without using a mouse. Belonging Creative Writing? (There are different reasons, including physiological and an essay sparknotes, neurological problems, why the user may need to work without a mouse or other pointing devide.) In Internet Explorer 6, you can select the Browse button by hsc english belonging writing, tabbing, but if you try to use the keyboard to activate it, hitting the sparknotes Enter key, the hsc english browser submits the an essay form instead!
You would need to know that hitting the belonging writing space bar (when focused on the Browse button) activates the file selection dialogue. Netscape 7 skips over the browse button entirely when tabbing—it cannot be selected without a mouse. Not surprisingly, on free dissertations Opera things work reasonably. The user can select the Browse button using the tab key and activate it by pressing the enter key, then select a file for upload from the hsc english creative writing questions file system; you would use the arrow keys move around in the file selection. On the Lynx text browser, at an essay least on Lynx 2.8.4 on Unix, there is no Browse button, and there is no dialogue for hsc english creative writing questions accessing the computer’s file system. Maxim Narrative Essay? Thus, the hsc english writing questions user needs to know the exact path name and free dissertations, syntax to hsc english questions, type in the file name for upload, as is apparently also the case for on liberation sparknotes IE and Netscape. There is also the usability problem that the browsing may start from a part of the file system in a manner which is hsc english belonging writing, not so natural to the user. Thesis Nokia? The initial selection might be e.g. that of the directory where the hsc english belonging creative questions Web browser itself resides! So users need some acquaintance with such issues before they can fluently submit files. More generally, since file input is relatively rare, users are often not familiar with it.
They might not recognize the maxim narrative Browse button, and belonging, might have difficulties in understanding what’s going on when they click on free dissertations it (or fail to click on it). Thus, authors should normally include some short explanation about the hsc english questions presence of a file input field before the field itself. This can usually me done in a natural way, explaining simultaneously what kind and type of file should be submitted. For example, the disobeying orders essay explanation could say: “Please specify, if possible, an image file containing your photo in JPEG format.” Such a note may not help much when a user encounters such a field for the first time in belonging creative writing questions his life, but it helps him to associate the maxim essay eventual problems with a concept of file input and to belonging writing, explain his problems when seeking for help. And if he has tried to thesis nokia, use file input before, it tells him to stay tuned to something special, and hsc english belonging creative, perhaps at this point, before entering the file input field, to on liberation sparknotes, access the creative writing questions file system outside the browser and an essay sparknotes, find the exact path name of the hsc english creative writing file he wants to submit. The file is submitted as such, without code conversions. Maxim Narrative? A plain text file is submitted without information about character encoding, so the recipient needs to guess the encoding or infer it somehow. For example, suppose that you have a UTF-8 encoded form and that it is used to submit a plain text file. If the user wrote the file using Notepad, it will (by default) be in windows-1252 encoding, and its content is sent as such, declared just as text/plain (no charset attribute), even though contents of belonging writing questions, normal fields are UTF-8 encoded. The server-side form handler has no direct way of knowing what the encoding is, so how can it meaningfully process the data? In general, the browser cannot tell the encoding, so it can neither declare it nor code-convert the data.
The reason is that commonly used file systems lack indication of the character encoding of a plain text file; it just needs to free, be known. Thus, if your form is hsc english creative, meant for submitting plain text files, your best option is probably to an essay, ask users to save their text files in hsc english creative writing questions UTF-8 encoding with BOM (Byte Order Mark). You can then test server-side that the free dissertations data, when interpreted as UTF-8, starts with BOM. There are several possible ways to let people submit their files even when their browsers do not support file fields in creative questions forms (or the essay support is of so poor quality that they don’t want to use it). You could include a TEXTAREA element into the form.
This would work especially for text files in the sense that a user could open his file in an editor and cut paste the belonging creative writing questions data into the textarea. Naturally, this becomes awkward for large files, but it might still be a good idea to have a textarea along with a file input field. Your server side script would need some more code to handle both. You could simply include an E-mail address and encourage people to i believe outline, send their files to that address as attachments. Hsc English Belonging? You would need to have some processing for such submissions, but it could be automated using some software like Procmail.
On the other hand, you might decide that such submissions will be rare, and process them “by hand.” Make sure the address is visible on thesis nokia the page itself. Hsc English Belonging Writing? You could make it a mailto: link too, but don’t risk the functionality by maxim, some misguided attempt to include a fixed Subject header! Just tell people what they should write into that header (and into the message body). Sometimes you might consider setting up an FTP server , or using one, so that it has a free upload area. You would then just specify the server and the area, and people could use their favorite FTP clients.
FAQ 561 How can I extract just the file name from a forms file upload field? FAQ 780 Can you simulate a click on an input type=file button? See also notes on filtering above as regards to support to event attributes for file input. The HTML 4.01 specification discusses, in section Forms , issues related to file input fields along with other types of fields. The notes below hopefully help in locating and essay, interpreting the relevant portions. The HTML 4.01 specification defines an enctype attribute for the form element.
Its value is generically defined as being a “media type”, referring to hsc english belonging writing, RFC 2045. (That RFC is actually just one part of a large set of documents which what media types are. In particular, the general description of the maxim essay media type concept is in RFC 2046.) A media type , also known as content type , Internet media type , or MIME type , defines a data format such as plain text ( text/plain ), GIF image ( image/gif ) or binary data with unspecified internal structure ( application/octet-stream ). But in hsc english creative the context of form submission, the use of essay, a media type as the value of the enctype attribute is meaningful only if there is a definition of the conversion to be done. This means the exact way of encoding the form data, which is essentially a set of name / value pairs, into a particular data format. Hsc English Creative Writing? The definition must be rigorous, since otherwise it is impossible to process the data in a useful, robust way by computer programs. The HTML specification defines two possible values for enctype : enctype=application/x-www-form-urlencoded (the default) This implies a simple encoding which presents the fields as name = value strings separated by essay, ampersands ( ) and uses some special “escape” mechanisms for characters, such as %28 for the “(” character. It’s confusing if people try to read it—it was meant to be processed by programs, not directly read by belonging creative writing questions, humans! enctype=multipart/form-data This implies that the form data set is encoded so that each form field (more exactly, each “control”) is presented in a format suitable for that field, and the data set as a whole is a multipart message containing those presentations as its components.
This is wasteful for “normal” forms but appropriate, even the only feasible way, for forms containing file fields. The multipart structure means that each file comes in disobeying orders essay a nice “package” inside a larger package, with a suitable “label” (content type information) on the inner “package.” This type was originally defined in belonging questions RFC 1867 but it is also discussed in RFC 2388 (see notes on the RFCs later). Browsers may support other values too, but are not required to, and it is generally unsafe to use them. Revising For Research Papers? Sometimes people use enctype=text/plain , and hsc english, text/plain is per se a well-defined media type; but there is maxim narrative, no specification of the hsc english creative questions exact method of encoding a form data set into sparknotes, such a format, and browsers are not required to support such an attribute—so anything may happen if you use it. Normally you should not try to re-invent the wheel by belonging questions, writing code which interprets (decodes) the encoded form data. Instead, call a suitable routine in a subroutine library for the programming language you use. It typically decodes the data into a convenient format for you to process in your own code. It seems that the HTML 4.01 specification contains no explicit requirement that enctype=multipart/form-data be used if the form contains a file input field (although it explicitly recommends that).
But e.g. IE 4 and Netscape 4 handle form submissions incorrectly if the enctype is defaulted in such a case: they send the name of the file instead of its content! The HTML 4.01 specification uses the term file select for the “control” (i.e. form field) created by an input type=file element. It specifies file select so that this control type allows the user to maxim narrative, select files so that their contents may be submitted with a form. Questions? Note the orders plural “files”—the idea is clearly that one such field should allow the hsc english creative writing inclusion of several files. Note that there is nothing an author needs to do, and nothing he can do, to make a browser allow the selection of several files per input field. It depends on the browser whether that is possible. However, as described above, the i believe current browser support is poor: only some versions of Opera support multi-selection, and belonging questions, these do not include the newest versions. And in free dissertations fact, even if a browser allows users to pick up several files for one input type=file field, users might not know how they can do that, or how they can do that! Thus, an author might, as a workaround , include several input type=file fields if it is hsc english creative questions, desirable that users can include several files into one form submission.
But in fact RFC 1867 duly notifies this problem; in section 8 Security Considerations it says: It is important that a user agent not send any file that the user has not explicitly asked to be sent. Maxim? Thus, HTML interpreting agents are expected to hsc english writing, confirm any default file names that might be suggested with INPUT TYPE=file VALUE=yyyy . It also mentions (in section 3.4) that the use of value “is probably platform dependent” but then goes on: “It might be useful, however, in an essay sparknotes sequences of more than one transaction, e.g., to questions, avoid having the user prompted for thesis nokia the same file name over and over again.” This isn’t particularly logical, since how would the name be passed from one submission to another? (The mechanism for hsc english belonging writing questions getting the and editing checklist original file name would be quite unreliable for creative questions such purposes.) A more useful application could be this: Assume that your form is for reporting a problem with a particular program, say Emacs, and that program uses a configuration file with some specific name, say .emacs , so that you would very much like to orders essay, get the user’s config file for hsc english creative questions problem analysis. Setting the default name, if supported by the browser, might be an extra convenience to the user. Thus, they just failed to implement it , for no good reason. Essay? This isn’t a very important flaw, however. Creative? The situations where it would make sense to papers, suggest a default file name are rare. Netscape’s old HTML Tag Reference says, in the description of input type=file , that “ VALUE= filename specifies the initial value of the input element,” but no actual support to this in Netscape browsers has been reported.
An example of Opera’s security alert in the situation discussed above: There was a short-time bug in an essay on liberation Opera 6 that created a security hole, which would have let authors grab users’ files without their knowing, i.e. bypassing the dialogue described above. The original local file name may be supplied as well, either as a ‘filename’ parameter either of the ‘content-disposition: form-data’ header or in writing the case of multiple files in a ‘content-disposition: file’ header of the free dissertations subpart. The client application should make best effort to supply the hsc english file name; if the file name of the i believe essay client’s operating system is not in hsc english creative writing questions US-ASCII, the file name might be approximated or encoded using the method of RFC 1522. This is a convenience for those cases where, for example, the uploaded files might contain references to each other, e.g., a TeX file and its .sty auxiliary style description. But note that this appears in subsection 3.3 of section 3. Suggested Implementatation . Thus, it is only a recommendation related to one possible implementation. You shouldn’t count on having a filename included. It seems that Netscape, IE, and Opera actually include the filename parameter. However, only revising and editing Opera uses the format which seems to be the intended one, as deduced from the examples in hsc english belonging creative writing RFC 1867 (section 6), namely a relative name like foo.txt , not a full pathname like C:mydocsfoo.txt . An Essay Sparknotes? Internet Explorer?7 beta preview behaves similarly, and this has been explained as a security improvement.
Is the creative writing Netscape and IE behavior really incorrect? Well, since most computers have some sort of path name system for file names, one would expect to disobeying, see path names in writing examples if the intent had been that path names are sent. This is consistent with the free dissertations fact that in order to actually use the file names for some meaningful purpose (like the one mentioned in RFC 1867: “the uploaded file might contain references to each other, e.g., a TeX file and its .sty auxiliary style description,” which clearly calls for relative file names). Creative Questions? When path names are sent, things get much more complicated, since their specific syntax (and interpretation) is strongly system-specific, and there is even no provision for telling the server what the browser’s file system is. I Believe Essay Outline? Sending relative names only is also consistent with elementary security considerations: avoid sending information about the hsc english writing user’s file system structure.
Note that the security section of RFC 1867 does not mention any problems that might arise from that; this more or less proves that browsers were not expected to send path names. The idea of including a filename attribute makes sense of dissertations, course, and would apply e.g. to creative writing, a file submission containing a set of HTML documents referring to each other with relative URLs. Thesis Nokia? However, it’s clear that the processing script would need to strip off the hsc english writing questions path part of the names (which is in principle risky since C:mydocsfoo.txt could be a relative filename on many systems!). Moreover, since the submission of an essay, several files is currently clumsy at best, the idea would be of limited usefulness even when it works. (Collections of files that refer to each other by names would be best handled as packaged into formats such as application/zip , leaving the hsc english creative writing file name issue to be handled by zipping and unzipping programs, which can preserve relative names as well as relative directory structures.) Although the user is not expected to type the filename(s) into a filename box but use the Browse function, the size of the box matters. And Editing For Research Papers? When the belonging creative questions user selects a file by dissertations, clicking on it, the browser puts the filename into the filename box, and the name is a full pathname which can be quite long.
It may confuse users if they see the belonging creative name badly truncated. And most browsers seem to treat the disobeying orders essay size attribute that way. But the HTML 4.01 specification defines the creative writing size attribute for an input element as follows: This attribute tells the user agent the essay outline initial width of the control. The width is given in hsc english creative writing pixels except when type attribute has the revising papers value text or password . Creative? In that case, its value refers to i believe essay, the (integer) number of characters. This logically implies that for input type=file , the hsc english questions size attribute specifies the and editing checklist for research width in pixels, not characters. This is creative, probably an oversight, and the risk of a browser acting literally according it is ignorable. On the other hand, you could use style sheets in addition to the size attribute. Using e.g. the attribute style=width:25em could override the size attribute; this currently seems to free dissertations, happen on writing IE 4 and newer only, but it should do no harm on browsers which don’t support it.
However note that although it might seem attractive to use style=width:100% , asking the browser use as wide a box as possible, there’s the problem that at least IE 4 puts the Browse button on the same line as the box. Thus you would in effect force horizontal scrolling! Something like style=width:80% would be better, though it is just a guess that the box and the button will then usually fit. Setting restrictions on the file size. Especially if “file upload” means storing the file on the server’s disk, it is necessary to consider imposing various restrictions.
It would be nasty if some user filled the disk with gigabytes of junk, by ignorance, or by misclicking, or by narrative essay, malevolence. See section Avoiding Denial of Service Attacks in the documentation of CGI.pm; even if it isn’t directly applicable to hsc english belonging questions, you since you use other techniques than CGI and Perl, it gives some food for thought in general. The server-side form handler can be coded to do whatever the programmer wants, and imposing some upper limit is clearly a must. (That is, the code should check for the input size, and essay, discard, or otherwise process in a special way, submissions exceeding a reasonable limit.) Any client-side restrictions, i.e. checks done by hsc english belonging creative writing, a browser prior to form submission, are unreliable and thesis nokia, should be considered as extra comfort to users only—so that they get a rejection message earlier. RFC 1867 says: If the hsc english belonging INPUT tag includes the attribute MAXLENGTH , the thesis nokia user agent should consider its value to represent the maximum Content-Length (in bytes) which the server will accept for transferred files.
It appears that no browser has even tried to implement that, and there’s no statement about such a feature in HTML specifications. On the contrary, the HTML 3.2 specification says something quite different: You can set an upper limit to the length of hsc english belonging creative, file names using the maxlength attribute. Thus, it is better not to use the maxlength attribute, because it currently does nothing and, worse still, in the future it might be interpreted in two incompatible ways. The HTML 4 specification takes no position on this: it describes maxlength as defined for input type=text and input type=password only. Filtering (through a file type filter)
Thus you could specify, for example, accept=image/gif,image/jpeg , if you are willing to i believe essay outline, get image files in GIF or JPEG format only. Browsers might use this information to set up the creative Browse menu so that only i believe outline such files are selectable, at least initially. And the hsc english belonging HTML 3.2 specification even claims: “Some user agents support the ability to restrict the kinds of files to those matching a comma separated list of MIME content types given with the ACCEPT attribute[;] e.g. accept=image/* restricts files to images.” (Note that image/* is free, not a MIME content type. Obviously the belonging creative writing questions intent is that some “wildcarding” could be applied, but there doesn’t seem to be any definition about free, that.) But it seems that browser support is currently nonexistent. No filtering is applied, except on creative Netscape 4 which initially sets a filter which restricts selectability to HTML documents, no matter what there is in an accept attribute! And even if there were support, you of course couldn’t rely on such filtering, for many reasons. If it worked, it would be basically for user comfort, not for setting effective restrictions (which must be imposed by the form handler). Using client-side scripting, you might help some users so that they won’t submit data of wrong type. For example, assume that we wish to have a file input field where a JPEG file must be specified.
This is however outdated information; the belonging questions URL does not work, and the draft has expired. There does not seem to be anything else even at the level of Internet-Drafts to replace RFC 1867. There is essay, however RFC 2388, Returning Values from Forms: multipart/form-data which might be related to hsc english creative questions, the process. However it is not specified to thesis nokia, obsolete RFC 1867. In the HTML 4.01 Specification , the hsc english belonging creative writing questions informative references have been updated so that a reference is made to RFC 2388, with a note “Refer also to an essay on liberation sparknotes, RFC 1867.” In June 2000, RFC 2854, The 'text/html' Media Type , was issued.
It’s basic purpose was to “to remove HTML from IETF Standards Track” officially, i.e. to make it explicit that work on HTML specifications has been moved from IETF to writing questions, W3C. It explicitly obsoletes RFC 1867, together with some other HTML related RFCs. Dissertations? But note that there is very little in HTML specifications by the W3C that defines what file input really is; they refer to RFC 1867 instead. RFC 1867 contains much more detailed information about “file upload” than HTML specifications. It explains the original idea and how it might be implemented.
However, its normative status is vague, and the implementations are still wanting, so you should generally not expect browsers to support the idea very well.