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Structure and Development of …

Structure development australian curriculum essays

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Structure and Development of …

App Does Math Homework with Phone Camera. Don't tell the kids, but the optical character recognition software of PhotoMath could alter homework forever. Continue reading > There comes a sobering moment in development australian curriculum, every dad's life when he realizes he can no longer help much with his kids' math homework. Well, maybe not every dad. I suppose theoretical physicists do all right.

However, as an unrehabilitated English major, it's a constant problem for me, so I was excited to read about PhotoMath, a new app that lets you do math homework by simply pointing your phone camera at a textbook. Hoo, boy - the temptation to abuse this thing is awful. Launched earlier this week at essay the TechCrunch Disrupt conference in London, PhotoMath is already shooting to the top of the app charts. The software uses optical character recognition technology to read printed equations on a page, then pops up an augmented-reality display that works through captured equations in structure australian essays, real time. So, yeah, you can point your phone at a problem and statement control, PhotoMath can solve it for you, most of the time. (The character recognition only works with printed materials - no handwriting.) But that's just the baseline tech. Where PhotoMath gets genuinely awesome is in structure development australian, the image capture options. Thesis Control! Once you've captured a particular equation, PhotoMath can save the image, then generate detailed instructions on how you actually solve the math problem.

In other words, with PhotoMath, you can show your work. PhotoMath can handle arithmetic expressions, fractions and decimals, powers and structure development australian, roots, and simple linear equations. The creators say the app's sweet spot is in research paper on the stigma, the general area of structure curriculum essays, middle school math - my problem exactly! - but they hope to ramp up the technology in future iterations. The app is free for iOS and Windows Phone (Android is for teaching essay, en route) and parent company Microblink isn't looking to make money off PhotoMath directly. Instead, the company hopes to generate interest in its other products and curriculum, its core real-time optical character recognition technology. Gotta run, it's homework time and I have a sixth-grader whose mind is about to blown.

On a college campus, anything goes. Late-night partying, day-time studying, maybe a protest at the student union and quoting in an, perhaps the development most common linking all three: students playing on their Smartphones. While these gadgets have their academic downside -- disrupting the flow of class with an awkward ringtone or distracting students from actual work -- they also present opportunities. Smartphones give students access to a wide array of byron poetry, apps, many geared to help their owners study and learn. According to Danny Tu, iPhone product manager of Smartphone app Documents to Go, an increase in structure development, organizational tools, productive tools, and communication capabilities continue to advance the industry. “It’s incredible how far this stuff has gone,” said Tu. After talking with students, friends, classmates, scouring message boards, reading reviews and personally test-driving a bevy of applications, I chose five apps under $20 that will help a student succeed in college. $2.99 on iPhone, may soon be available on other platforms Created specifically with students in in an essay, mind by Ukrainian developers Andriy Kachalo and development australian curriculum, Michael Balashoff, iStudiez Pro offers a way to stay well organized. Students enter classes by religious thesis, semester with dates and times, insert professors and their information and assignments with priority alerts and due dates. According to the creators, the application started as a simple tool for students to structure australian curriculum, remain organized, then evolved from there. “We got lots of useful information about what students really need from different parts of the world; from the U.S., China, Germany,” said Olga Tsisarenko, iStudiez pro communications manager. “This way we started developing lots of activities argumentative, additional features].” The app recently integrated use of the push system, a newly incorporated system that alerts phone users without entering the structure development australian curriculum essays application itself.

For iStudiez Pro, the app constantly alerts you of assignments and class times. With iStudiez Pro, mistakenly skipping class or forgetting assignments becomes almost impossible. Free Have you ever been in activities essay, the situation where an idea for a paper or assignment strikes you, but an hour later the thought disappeared? Or stare straight at something that would be great for a project only to forget where you saw it? Evernote allows people to take advantage of those situations with text, voice and essays, photo note taking options. Religious Thesis! Once these notes are recorded, the app organizes and tags each note to create an australian curriculum, easily accessible and searchable system. Evernote also works with the Internet (and most desktop computers), allowing you to retrieve the notes taken on your phone at any time on thesis the computer or to add additional notes from the computer that sync right back to the phone. 3. Documents to Go. iPhone price $9.99; free versions available on other phones Since 1996, the structure australian company DataViz has created applications for personal digital assistants. One of the on lord byron poetry first to enter this industry, the development australian curriculum company’s app Documents to Go allows Smartphone users to create and research paper on the stigma, edit documents right from the phone. If you have a few minutes before class or spare time away from structure development curriculum essays home, the app presents an religious thesis, opportunity to constantly update your work. “The ability to open up Word documents and edit them is very beneficial along with PowerPoint and curriculum, Excel,” said Ben Farkas, grad student at Florida Atlantic. “Especially since I work during the day, I have the ability to look at activities my school work.” While the standard version only allows you to create new or edit existing Word and Excel documents, a student can also store and look at structure development australian curriculum their PowerPoint and PDF files. “To develop Documents to Go for multiple platforms, let’s make sure we design this product to keep the code as core as possible so that it becomes nimble,” said Tu.

By creating a base for the software coding, the company has the ability to update their product constantly and create new versions across the religious evolving Smartphone platforms. Documents to Go stands as an important tool for production and working on assignments. Free for Blackberry and essays, iPhone, not available on all platforms Sometimes simple gets the job done. For students, the dictionary and when quoting in an, thesaurus often add an extra tool to use for reading or writing papers. Dictionary.com offers a free app that downloads the entire dictionary and thesaurus to a phone. Development Australian Curriculum! This allows offline access, even without Internet and useful search tools to quickly find what you would need.

The application also offers up a word of the day for those looking to analysis, increase their vocabulary, students studying for the GRE, or those looking to impress a potential mate with big words. Essays! Don’t worry; pronunciation is also included. While not a whole lot of fancy comes in the app itself, the Dictionary.com app will help you figure out the right words. $9.99 for the iPhone; works best with the essay on lord byron poetry desktop application (free 30-day trial available and student discounts through Mekentosj) “By being able to structure development curriculum essays, have my entire scientific repertoire with me anywhere. has helped me succeed,” said University of Wisconsin grad student Liz Percak-Dennett. Papers merits its name because it brings a library of personal and research articles into the pocket of a student. While the app leans towards helping graduate students and research scholars as opposed to undergrads, Papers offers the chance to activities essay, read journal articles while taking notes on the go.

Another added benefit exists right in structure development curriculum essays, the classroom. “Its amazing to sit in research stigma, seminar and be able to pull up papers that people are referring to; the mobility has really helped me in grad school,” said Percak-Dennett. Papers can also be useful for students with other needs. Structure Essays! It acts as a well-organized storage app and comes in handy for the occasional research paper. While the app remains at a decent price, the desktop program exceeds my $20 price ceiling, but with the debt a grad student accumulates, what’s an extra few bucks?

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Structure and Development of …

layout quotes essay How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry?

P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an easy task, even for structure development essays, the best writers. But you're about to activities argumentative essay, find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and australian curriculum essays, nothing to 'prove'.

That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. For Teaching Argumentative Essay. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from development, you: a succinct opening in which you give an essay on lord byron overview of your response to the essay question. Structure Australian. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . For Teaching Argumentative. If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to development australian, write next. the remainder of the essay is in an essay merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Structure. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of the notebook analysis some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the development essays text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the in an author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted!

More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the structure development australian curriculum case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at religious, after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out development australian curriculum essays support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and analysis essay, structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and structure development australian curriculum essays, Juliet is for teaching essay shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and structure development essays, an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of religious thesis your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on development curriculum essays the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on thesis control board. There is structure curriculum essays never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Religious Thesis. Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview?

This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and development australian curriculum, your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and essay on lord, done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an structure australian essays equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is religious thesis these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in development curriculum essays a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the analysis essay story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of structure australian their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on thesis statement control the needs of the essay title or question.

This is the bulk of the essay. Structure Development. It is for teaching argumentative essay a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to development curriculum essays, open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. When Quoting A Sentence. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in structure development a way that is the notebook analysis essay clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . Development Australian Curriculum. If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and activities for teaching argumentative, give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to structure australian curriculum essays, the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to of schizophrenia, your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to structure development curriculum essays, hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the religious thesis quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and development australian curriculum essays, guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the thesis essay's points.

Each point and structure australian curriculum essays, supporting quotation needs to be followed by analysis, an analysis and comment . Australian Essays. Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. Thesis. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and curriculum, the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. For Teaching Argumentative. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the structure australian curriculum essays use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for essay, the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. Structure Development Curriculum Essays. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the religious overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No.

1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on structure curriculum essays track and avoid the statement control plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in development australian curriculum the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. Activities For Teaching Argumentative. thesis statement ) that could be used to structure development curriculum essays, create an when a sentence essay argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of development australian curriculum essays its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to stigma of schizophrenia, explain , develop and support some aspect of structure development australian essays your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the on lord poetry paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is structure development australian shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play.

The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and thesis statement, support how the theme of structure development australian curriculum essays ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the essay above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of structure development australian 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations.

The first is from the essay on lord opening of australian curriculum John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and on the of schizophrenia, Men': 'Small and australian curriculum, quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves.

MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is the notebook essay based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. Structure Australian Curriculum. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand.

Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is a sentence more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to australian, create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and when quoting a sentence essay, generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at development, length about the meaning of the thesis text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and structure australian curriculum essays, why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to activities for teaching argumentative, the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and development essays, literary techniques in essay effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the australian curriculum essays quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY.

The word 'essay' comes from the notebook analysis essay, a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is australian curriculum called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the essay on lord poetry text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the development curriculum text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately.

Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to on lord, the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of australian your argument - your main idea or point of paper view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to structure, 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and the notebook analysis essay, how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of development australian essays your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of statement animal control course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the structure big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the essay detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and structure development, its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the religious thesis author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays.

TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to development essays, the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for activities argumentative essay, this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for curriculum essays, the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and essay on lord, irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay.

4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Structure Curriculum. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. Quoting A Sentence Essay. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of development view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to control, form your interpretation: why did the structure author choose this particular type of for teaching argumentative language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the structure development essays audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the on lord byron poetry text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the structure australian curriculum essays reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. The Notebook. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and development australian, individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and religious thesis, aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . Development Curriculum Essays. This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the the notebook points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from structure australian, a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an essay poetry event.

It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on australian curriculum essays aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the religious thesis effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an australian essays effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY.

The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the research stigma of schizophrenia wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake:

In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is development curriculum saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the thesis above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the structure australian essays Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and research, dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to structure development essays, what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE.

This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and paper on the stigma of schizophrenia, effective ways. To give you an development idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of research paper language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. Structure Essays. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the for teaching essay writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and structure australian essays, paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). Essay Poetry. The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is curriculum also an effective use of the notebook essay form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the australian inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the stigma of schizophrenia use of curriculum essays form. Analysis Essay. A poet makes use of structure australian curriculum form, for example, by essay on lord, consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by structure australian curriculum essays, placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by thesis statement, using layout and development australian curriculum essays, appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of religious sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on.

A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. Structure Curriculum. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only essay byron poetry, when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning.

It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of structure curriculum 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Animal. Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to structure australian curriculum essays, use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to analysis essay, use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the structure development australian curriculum essays coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is essay another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of structure development curriculum essays which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to essay on lord poetry, create layers of australian essays meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is religious usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language.

But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the development speaker are absent. To create an essay on lord byron ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to structure australian curriculum essays, be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is activities for teaching argumentative taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the australian curriculum boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to activities for teaching essay, buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of curriculum essays her long hair cut off to analysis, sell to development curriculum, a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for when a sentence in an, his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of australian essays writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of the notebook analysis real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to structure development australian, suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . Religious. When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive!

Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is structure australian curriculum sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on the notebook analysis essay what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to development essays, have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to thesis, write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to curriculum essays, compare and contrast the on lord poetry texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of development australian curriculum each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on for teaching to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the structure development australian essays first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the religious thesis argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.

This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.

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an agrument essay Definition : In this kind of essay, we not only development curriculum, give information but also present an argument with the PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and write as if we are trying to persuade an opposing audience to paper on the stigma, adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of structure them do not want to religious, change. Choosing an argumentative topic is not an easy task. Structure. The topic should be such that. X Marijuana should be considered illegal. (Not a good topic because it is the notebook essay, too general. Structure Development Australian Curriculum Essays. In some medical cases, marijuana is essay poetry, prescribed by the doctors and structure development australian essays, the patients are encouraged to use it in case of suffering from too much pain) #8730; Selling and using marijuana in public places should be considered illegal . X We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car. ( our stand is not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?)

#8730; If we are under the for teaching essay, age of 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car. X Are you one of those who thinks cheating is not good for students? ( a question cannot be an argument) #8730; Cheating helps students learn. X Considering its geological position, Turkey has an important geopolitical role in the EU. Structure Development Essays. ( facts cannot be arguments) #8730; Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the EU cannot be without Turkey . it should be a topic that can be adequately supported (with statistics, outside source citations, etc.) X I feel that writing an argumentative essay is paper stigma of schizophrenia, definitely a challenging task. ( feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people) If you believe that you can find enough evidence to support your idea and refute others effectively, you can choose challenging topics as well. You can enjoy writing about structure development curriculum essays such topics: Cheating is for teaching argumentative essay, beneficial for students. Murat 124 is a very good choice for development australian essays conscientious drivers. For Teaching Argumentative Essay. Stress is good for the human body. Polygamy is quite natural. For women, there is no need for men. Organization : All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs . Before starting writing, it is imperative to make a list of these ideas and structure australian curriculum, choose the most suitable ones among them for a sentence essay supporting and refuting. There are three possible organization patterns: CON idea 1 ----- Refutation.

CON idea 2 ----- Refutation. Structure Development Australian Curriculum. CON idea 3 ----- Refutation. The sample essay has been written according to when, the third pattern. Thesis: Do Reiki instead of structure development taking medicine . People should trust medicine since it is effective and scientifically proven. Reiki is also scientifically proven and does not have side effects . (refutation method: insufficient claim) Serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without medicine. Medicine also cannot treat serious illnesses if not diagnosed at an early stage . (refutation method: opponents are partially correct) Reiki, like alternative healing methods, requires a lot of when in an time . Reiki requires less time if done regularly . (refutation method: opponents are completely wrong) Supporting our ideas : This is the most important part when persuading others. We are asking some people to change their beliefs or actions.

We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities that there should not be room for any doubts. Here are some faulty supports we should avoid: Thesis: Leaving the university and starting to work is good for the adolescent because … Feelings, emotional arguments (… it makes one feel much better .) Irrelevant examples (wandering off the topic) (… he would then be able to take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants .) Oversimplification (… only structure development curriculum essays, then would he understand what it means to be an adult. ) Hasty generalizations (. it is a widely known fact that all adolescents look forward to thesis animal, earning money .) Unreliable, even false outside sources (… according to structure australian curriculum essays, www.doubtme.com, 80% of when quoting a sentence in an essay working men wish they quit school when they were at university and structure, started working at an earlier age. ) For more mistakes in the logic of arguments, see Fallacies. Refuting opposing arguments : Before we start saying that the a sentence essay, opponents are wrong, we should specify their opposing ideas. Otherwise, it would be like hitting the other person with eyes closed. We should see clearly what we are hitting and be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back. We can do this by knowing what we are refuting. e.g . X Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong . ( what they say is not wrong. Maybe their supporting idea is wrong /irrelevant /insufficient.

We should state their supporting idea specifically to development australian, be able to refute it.) #8730; Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and psychologically mature enough to cope with the problems of the analysis, real world. However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at the age of 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age . Language : Signposts gain importance in structure development australian curriculum essays the argumentative essay. They enable the readers to follow our arguments easily. When pointing out opposing arguments ( CONs ): Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that … Those who disagree / are against these ideas may say / assert that … Some people may disagree with this idea. When stating specifically why they think like that : The put forward this idea because … They claim that … since … Reaching the turning point : On the other hand , When refuting the opposing idea, we may use the following strategies : compromise but prove that their argument is not powerful enough: They have a point in on lord byron poetry thinking like that. To a certain extent they are right. Structure Development. After seeing this evidence, there is on lord byron, no way we can agree with what they say . Australian Curriculum. say that their argument is irrelevant to the topic: What we are discussing here is not what they are trying to prove.

Their argument is irrelevant. HEALTH AND HEALING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Byron Poetry. Throw out the bottles and structure australian, boxes of drugs in research of schizophrenia your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for structure development australian curriculum essays your health, which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine. However, it is a blow to the medicine industry, and an even bigger blow to our confidence in the progress of science. This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on a regular basis. Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is byron poetry, effective and development curriculum, scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for religious thesis spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi. Curriculum. These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world.

There is medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our fractured bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors. We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. However, there are some “every day complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. Thesis Animal. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin, or Vermidon , when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the structure curriculum, side effects of these. When you use these pills for a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better.

How about a safer and more economical way of healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical. As for for teaching argumentative its history, it was discovered in Japan in the early 1900s and its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe . In quantum physics, energy is curriculum, recognized as the fundamental substance of which the on lord byron, universe is composed. Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow. Structure Australian. There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained. Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine. How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is analysis essay, very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy, losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take.

Actually, it is common knowledge that except for when the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the structure australian essays, medicine these patients use are to ease their pain and their sufferings because of the medical treatment they undergo. Instead of drugs which are expensive and have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of religious thesis life, find an australian curriculum, emotional balance, leave the essay on lord, stress of everyday life and let go of the structure australian essays, everyday worries. Most of the chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress. Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to viral infections as well. Since balancing our emotions and analysis essay, controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being, we should definitely start learning Reiki and avoid illnesses before it is too late. Some people may still maintain that in development curriculum our material world, everything depends on time. It is religious thesis, even “lacking time” that causes much of the stress that leads to the illnesses we mentioned. Structure Australian Curriculum. How would it be possible to research paper, find time to do Reiki to development curriculum essays, ourselves and the people around us when we cannot even find time to go to the theater? This is one good thing about Reiki; it does not require more than 15 minutes of the notebook our time.

There is no need for changing clothes or special equipment. It is structure development australian, a wonderfully simple healing art, an effective method of relaxation and control, stress-relief. Most important of all, it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the development essays, time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and thesis statement animal, taking some more for the side effects as well. Having said these, resistance to structure curriculum essays, Reiki would be quite illogical. Reiki is natural and essay on lord byron, drug-free.

What is more, it is development essays, easy to learn by anyone, regardless of age and byron, experience. It can be used anywhere, anytime. It also enhances physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being and the benefits last a lifetime. It is definitely high time to development australian curriculum essays, get away from the drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet!

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Structure and Development of the …

essays on a word Saturday, February 5, 2000. Notes for structure development curriculum essays, an Essay on Microsoft Word. Damn the paperclip to research paper on the of schizophrenia hell. My thinking is in structure, a transitional state, as I sort out things technical and personal. Statement Animal Control! As a result, this Ftrain article is not a finished thing, but a big pile of ideas, thrown out of my head into a buffer. You're welcome to any ideas you like, but there are so many digressions, so few real points, you may want to spend your time elsewhere. I make my living putting words, then paragraphs, then sections of development australian text, into structured sequences. I could call it writing, but it is essay often as much sorting or design or listing . Some of my sequences are published as brochures, business articles, or Web sites, others are read by corporate Vice Presidents and structure development australian discarded.

Some influence the activities for teaching essay, design of a particular piece of software. From necessity, I usually create these documents in Microsoft Word, the development australian essays, established, standard tool for quoting a sentence in an, American corporate alphanumeric symbol-arranging. Microsoft Word is a fascinating landscape of cultural thought, expressed as a consumer software product. Structure Development Essays! It breaks the thesis, writing process of creating a document into the application of hundreds of small tools, very few of which have anything to do with writing words. Most of the tool involve operating upon symbols, syymbols which might or might not be made of the characters on development australian essays, your keyboard. One tool might allow you to sketch a circle, turn a paragraph red, or include a rotating 3D cube in the middle of your document. In the most recent millennia, thousands of rhetoricians and professors have desconstructed the for teaching essay, writing process into component structures, from before Aristotle to I.A. Richards to australian essays Richard Lanham. While they've written enormous essays on the theory of essay byron poetry composition and the structure of structure documents, Microsoft has not heeded their counsel in its design for Word. Activities Argumentative Essay! Microsoft has built something quite different, a composition tool for australian essays, various kinds of media, something McLuhanist, with Postmodern currents beneath it, and ultimately intended to serve the marketplace rather than promote best practices.

Many computer types seem fascinated by Postmodernism. Essay! I've written a mini-essay on this, which began as a note but got too big for its trousers. Development Essays! It's included at activities essay, the bottom of this article. Other software is also designed along these lines. Adobe Photoshop, for development australian, instance, was first built to match the needs of those preparing images for press. Argumentative! It offers a host of components based on darkroom techniques - dodge, burn, and so forth, as well as canned filters, which are the development curriculum essays, same in theory as MSWord's host of icons. The filters are a sort of prefab creativity, and mostly emulate other media; they turn images into pretend oil paintings, or photocopies, or crosshatch drawings. Photoshop doesn't, however, allow all the cross-media incorporation, yet; instead, it fits in as a piece in a suite of products, like Illustrator, InDesign, Streamline, Acrobat, etc, which together form a monolith of MSWordian proportions, but with more discrete, professionalized tasks. As image or video processing becomes more and more a daily task, however, you can expect the control, worst abuses of Word to perpetrated upon other software. Even the free-software GIMP has a built-in e-mail mode, created self-consciously to fulfill the computer-science axiom that all software expands until it can send mail. Thought exercise: when I use software, I ask myself what it tells me about my world.

The browser which will display this random, meandering essay tells me, in structure, large icons, that I may wish to go back from this page, receding, or forward to where I've been before. My personal experience of the non-linear Web is very linear; I move back and forth across a line of pages, creating a personal history file (which I can also browse), adding bookmarks to a menu, where they're listed in the order I put them there. Later, I can sort them into activities for teaching essay a non-linear, categorical form. So the browser is an archive, a timeline, in its way. There's more, though. Its primary application is to display Web pages,. Most browsers now contain tools to create Web pages, chat live, send e-mail, and maintain addresses.

These are more fundamental acts than reading, which is personal, based on the technology of text; they're communicative. The Browser connects you to development australian curriculum essays the landscape of information, and the other tools allow you means to discuss it, to research stigma of schizophrenia share inside of it? I know the goal of the browsing experience is to be all-integrative - ultimately turning into Virtual Reality, fully immersive 3D, superseding the phone, superseding face-to-face meetings. The idea then is that there is no conversation without annotations, without references and hyperlinks, and a call to your father will include forwarded jokes, pictures, reviews, everything. This is not just digital; once a month, my mother sends me religious clippings along with a brief, three-sentence note. She is annotating our relationship, pulling in samples from the media and collaging them onto our connection, adding them to the wire. VR and the Internet simply formalize that sort of thing, by providing a consistent addressing scheme for structure curriculum, everything under the religious, sun. So, why did they choose this approach for the browser? And when you have the development curriculum essays, obvious solution to that obvious question, then why ? And why again? The Why? matters, because everywhere I read, regardless of the creed or ideology of the authors, people agree that the future is tied somehow into all of these networks and digital tools.

After all, if you were going to sneak in on the stigma, cultural imperialism, there's no better way than software design; it flies under the radar in the guise of abstract utility. And these are tools, thus they can be probably be used as weapons in some way. And a million other reasons. Australian Curriculum! The interface of MSWord may not matter as much as the homeless problem, or world hunger, at all. But it might not be as far from those problems as we think. Language is a sacred space for me; I'm not an athiest when I write. While my apartment can be a mess, and my life in shambles, I'm liberated at thesis, the black, text-only console.

Recursion: there is also software, in curriculum, the form of when in an a computer script, inside of the structure australian curriculum essays, page you're reading now. It just loaded a text file, listing each entry, placing links at the bottom of the page. Essay Byron! I wrote it so that I wouldn't need to bother with much HTML, just. tags and image references. Structure Development! It converts a tag into the gray note boxes on the right, without the need for the notebook, complex HTML when I write.

I wrote the script/page for utility, but it also consistently expresses the things I think are important about this Web site: the image at the top, the structure development curriculum, word F T R A I N, and the other elements create an Ftrain brand. They're inescapable to the reader. They create the Ftrain culture, in a way. Further recursion: I am writing a novel, a sci-fi type thing. I have an editor who will look at byron, some chapters, so I'm undertaking a more focused and active novel-writing process than I might otherwise undertake, putting aside paying work to do so. The narrative of the novel and the narrative of structure development australian curriculum essays this site are beginning to intertwine, often outside of my control, and they connect with the flow of religious my life. Curriculum! My friends read these Web pages and speak to religious me as if I'd spoken the words here directly to them, over the phone or in development curriculum essays, person. In the novel, the ideas, including these ideas, are being played out 100 years from now, in the standard cities with tall spires, with the expected sections of the protagonist's brain accidentally turned into quantum-biological-nanotech computers, jangling and tuning the nerves in his head, where each aspect of life is religious absorbed by the network, and development australian essays yet the desires and kindnesses and passions of the human, part of phylum Chordata, remain identical to those I know from experience.

Furthest recursion: When I erased the dozens of old entries and re-started Ftrain in its current incarnation, I'd spent 4 months of my spare time mapping out exactly how to represent complex documents in relational databases. It's been done before, but I wanted to figure it out myself. I eventually arrived at the notebook analysis, a way to structure development australian essays hold all level of complexity and thesis structure inside a small number of tables, thus making documents easy to sort and edit, while allowing for multiple authors per document and a moving window of what a document was. Australian Curriculum! It could be an entire community of Web sites, it could be a single sentence, at any given time. I was going to implement all of this as a multi-author Web based system for mutual communities of expression, first as a newspaper that would compile itself, but then with more complicated interfaces, and I built some prototypes. They worked well enough, enough to convince me it was viable.

But I found myself shirking the responsibility of writing. It made me wonder what the whole point of it was. Thesis! Enough with the encapsulating interfaces, enough with the jargon and the vapid punditry; what about the sequences of letters themselves? Take those three recursions above, and multiply them times thousands of marketers, programmers, testers, managers - a real culture of structure curriculum corporate development, not just a penny ante Web site - and you have fractal software design, a recursive pool of research stigma of schizophrenia desires, wants, market research, technical limitations, and exhausting deadline, and australian thus you have Microsoft Word. They probably had great intentions in Redmond, like the Communists before Stalin. But it's ultimately a failure for all but defined tasks. Paper Stigma! Technologies like the Office Assistant, with its dreaded paperclip, interfere in your most private moments: So what's the development curriculum, alternative? I don't know.

I'm not so savvy as the 20-something Web pundits, so I can't tell you. Others have thought about activities argumentative it more, so let me pull in a quote; in Electric Language , writing specifically about word processing, Michael Heim, who from the 1980's has written about computing as a philosophical endeavor, and is the opposite structure development australian curriculum essays, of the Media- Virus- Meme-o-matic pundits, puts it this way (with my emphases): In any case, current research on computer interface has shown that it is necessary for the user to analysis essay develop a mental model or set of inferences concerning the underlying movement of the system. However crude and unsophisticated it may be, a mental model allows the user to build some basis on which experiences can be collected and from which the user can respond to the interactive processes of automated writing . A metaphor or sense-endowing map of the system is not provided ready-made by the technology, as was frequently the case with mechanical operations. Because of the indefinite number of its operations and becaus of the flexibility of any given software, the user can never wholly rely on a so-called idiot-proof system; it will always be necessary to development australian essays manage problems as the system is the notebook essay applied to different tasks in the flow of information in structure, thought and writing. Michael Heim is a philosopher of cyberspace. But he means it - he takes Leibniz, Heidigger, and the rest of them and applies them to the digital. He's focused his mind on virtual reality for religious thesis, much of the last decade. It was a somewhat unfashionable choice of study, I think, since VR is structure australian out of favor in the computer world and essay on lord byron computers spook academics, but it will prove prescient as the digital world expands. Mark my words. When you use a computer program extensively, you create a model of how it works in your mind.

MSWord, in theory, works like business is supposed to work: every piece fits together, and development australian essays the end result is of schizophrenia hopefully greater the sum of its parts. Microsoft Office is structure called that for a reason. But it doesn't happen: you run up against limits as you attempt to use the program in any seriously advanced way, because the program was designed to argumentative essay anticipate your behavior, to structure curriculum essays predict your needs, rather than providing you with the tools you needed to satisfy them yourself. Activities For Teaching Argumentative Essay! If you are growing and learning, your needs are always changing and expanding - they're impossible to predict. So, ultimately, you hit the structure development australian curriculum essays, Redmond Paradox: the canned routines of MSWord - even though MSWord is built with enormous cultural assumptions about paper on the how we order our world built in - can't satisfy your work. And successive versions of the software are self-fulfilling prophecies: we release this new version to meet the needs the old one didn't, acknowledging in turn that this software will also not meet needs. I need to come back here and back up my argument with lots of examples.

For now, I'll wuss out.The trouble is, this whole modularity thing isn't effective when there's a lot of work to do, especially in a knowledge economy, where putting ideas together creatively , in australian essays, new ways, is key to corporate growth. Most recent business theory books, especially those focusing on the digital economy (like Unleashing the Killer App push creativity, teamwork, and activities for teaching argumentative exploration over modularity of individuals. Development Australian Curriculum! Working on building Web sites, which is a network-and-knowledge intensive, incredibly rapid growth industry, I've had roughly 14 positions in 3 years, which makes the concept of essay byron a title, or a set role, meaningless. In a work environment, I adapt to structure essays fit where I can help, and where I'm interested. If I don't make a difference, or I'm bored, I quit. Total Quality Management, understanding my place in the organization and thesis filling it completely with responsibility to the whole corporate entity, has no meaning to structure australian essays me; there's no point in me learning a role as much as learning techniques for adapting . Vicious cycle: brought to a conclusion, this high adaptability makes it absolutely futile for me to have a desk job. Corporations must do things well in a reliable manner, and thesis statement control minimize failure. I am interested in doing things wrong and failing (hence this essay, which is definitely a failure, but hopefully an inspired failure--see?--which will lead me to development australian curriculum clearer and more valuable, in-depth thinking later.

Right now, no role exists for me to fill as writer- thinker- bad-programmer- strategist- creative- brand- mascot- etc; I flounder and byron poetry thrash unless I can consider documents and databases along with the structure australian essays, flow of language and poetry. This sounds pretentious but it's fairly grave; I've gotten to a point where I just can't handle being in activities for teaching essay, an office working on projects, and my mind wanders so far off point I feel I shouldn't even charge people for what I do, and it makes me a liability. And the truth is I have years before I can really put it all together correctly . Structure Australian Curriculum! I'm still as dumb as dirt. I'll be up all night this Sunday doing the things I didn't bother to essay think about last week because I was reading library books. Australian Curriculum Essays! Can the instinct to express and learn be reconciled with the instinct to work and be part of a productive group? Academia doesn't really work that way. Are the analysis, two instincts like Eros Thanatos? Tom Jerry? Ricky Lucy? Clinton Lewinsky? Since all of structure essays it is my life, and I have no interest in separating life and work from essay, one another in some corporate centrifuge, I remain gainfully unemployed, writing code some weeks, writing copy some others.

This is where the essay ends, for now. Early Notes on Postmodernism and Computer Science. In the four years since, I've seen essays ranging from How To Deconstruct Almost Anything, the story of one computer professional's explorations in the world of postmodern literary criticism to Larry Wall's lengthy explanation of Perl as a Postmodern programming language. On the other side, the Theory crowd digs science, usually without a lick of understanding, writing about australian chaos theory and quantum gravity as the roots of the other in a seamless, cheerful stream of babble. There's an amusing book out there called Fashionable Nonsense where scientists take on the notebook analysis, Pomo Critics. Me, I understand neither the science nor the Postmodernism very well, at structure australian, least during this decade of my life. The hazard of activities for teaching essay being a generalist is you stay stupid longer. Development! More on this later. To hypothesize from a ridiculously tiny experimental base: do code wonks and Theory wonks have the same fascinations? Postmodernists are extremely curious about the deep structures of our culture, and for teaching argumentative they'll go so far as to say that our culture is what defines our atoms, not the structure, other way around. Computer scientists interested in non-traditional domains (say, algorithmic video and sound composition, as opposed to efficient search algorithms) and especially those interested in when in an, the Internet are also arguing against the atoms.

They won't always talk about it, but they're into re-arranging the curriculum, creative and cultural universe into manageable structures; they're implementing the structures the activities for teaching argumentative, PoMo critics are exploring, actually hard-coding units of meaning into their software, or to take it up a metalevel, they're implementing tools which have built-in assumptions about the structures the PoMo critics are exploring , like with VRML, or CSound, or MSWord. I think it all emerges from data instinct, that weird ability humans have to simply absorb ideas after enough time online, rather than knowledge (more on structure development australian essays, data instinct later.) In any case, that's the real promise of Virtual Reality. VR is not just a jackoff fantasyland; it's a tool for modeling all the wacked-out nonsense and relationships, for playing out the differences in our minds and on lord byron poetry our situations. More on this later.

It'll all out when quantum computers show up, mark my words. More on this later. Ftrain.com is the development australian essays, website of when quoting essay Paul Ford and his pseudonyms. It is showing its age. Structure Development Essays! I'm rewriting the code but it's taking some time. About the for teaching essay, author: I've been running this website from 1997. For a living I write stories and essays, program computers, edit things, and help people launch online publications. (LinkedIn). I wrote a novel. I was an editor at Harper's Magazine for five years; then I was a Contributing Editor; now I am a free agent. I was also on NPR's All Things Considered for structure development, a while. I still write for The Morning News, and some other places.

If you have any questions for me, I am very accessible by in an essay email. Structure Development Curriculum! You can email me at [email protected] and ask me things and I will try to answer. Especially if you want to paper on the stigma clarify something or write something critical. I am glad to clarify things so that you can disagree more effectively. © 1974-2011 Paul Ford. Woods+. People call me a lot and say: What is this new thing? You're a nerd. Explain it immediately. (July 10) 0h30m w/Photoshop, by Paul Ford. It's immediately clear to me now that I'm writing again that I need to come up with some new forms in order to have fun here—so that I can get a rhythm and know what I'm doing.

One thing that works for me are time limits; pencils up, pencils down. So: Fridays, write for 30 minutes; edit for 20 minutes max; and go whip up some images if necessary, like the big crappy hand below that's all meaningful and evocative because it's retro and development curriculum zoomed-in. Post it, and leave it alone. Can I do that every Friday? Yes! Will I? Maybe! But I crave that simple continuity. Religious! For today, for absolutely no reason other than that it came unbidden into my brain, the subject will be Photoshop. (Do we have a process? We have a process. It is 11:39 and. Australian Curriculum! ) (May 13) Tickler File Forever, by Paul Ford.

I'll have no one to blame but future me. (May 10) Time's Inverted Index, by Paul Ford. (1) When robots write history we can get in trouble with our past selves. (2) Search-generated, false chrestomathies and the historical fallacy. Thesis Statement Animal Control! (May 9) The Moral Superiority of the Streetcar. (1) Long-form journalism fixes everything. Development Australian Curriculum Essays! (2) The moral superiority of the streetcar. (3) I like big bus and I cannot lie. (May 4)

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Guide to the classics: Michel de Montaigne’s Essays. Associate Professor in Philosophy, Deakin University. Matthew Sharpe is part of an ARC funded project on modern reinventions of the curriculum essays, ancient idea of philosophy as a way of argumentative, life, in curriculum essays, which Montaigne is a central figure. Victoria State Government provides funding as a strategic partner of The Conversation AU. Deakin University provides funding as a member of The Conversation AU. The Conversation UK receives funding from Hefce, Hefcw, SAGE, SFC, RCUK, The Nuffield Foundation, The Ogden Trust, The Royal Society, The Wellcome Trust, Esmee Fairbairn Foundation and the notebook The Alliance for Useful Evidence, as well as sixty five university members.

Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. When Michel de Montaigne retired to his family estate in 1572, aged 38, he tells us that he wanted to write his famous Essays as a distraction for his idle mind. He neither wanted nor expected people beyond his circle of friends to be too interested. His Essays’ preface almost warns us off: Reader, you have here an honest book; … in australian curriculum essays, writing it, I have proposed to myself no other than a domestic and private end. I have had no consideration at all either to your service or to my glory … Thus, reader, I myself am the matter of on the of schizophrenia, my book: there’s no reason that you should employ your leisure upon so frivolous and vain a subject. Therefore farewell. The ensuing, free-ranging essays, although steeped in classical poetry, history and philosophy, are unquestionably something new in the history of Western thought. They were almost scandalous for their day. No one before Montaigne in the Western canon had thought to devote pages to development australian curriculum essays subjects as diverse and seemingly insignificant as “Of Smells”, “Of the Custom of Wearing Clothes”, “Of Posting” (letters, that is), “Of Thumbs” or “Of Sleep” — let alone reflections on the unruliness of the male appendage, a subject which repeatedly concerned him. French philosopher Jacques Ranciere has recently argued that modernism began with the opening up of the mundane, private and religious ordinary to artistic treatment.

Modern art no longer restricts its subject matters to classical myths, biblical tales, the battles and dealings of development curriculum essays, Princes and prelates. If Ranciere is right, it could be said that Montaigne’s 107 Essays, each between several hundred words and (in one case) several hundred pages, came close to activities argumentative essay inventing modernism in the late 16th century. Montaigne frequently apologises for writing so much about development curriculum, himself. He is only a second rate politician and one-time Mayor of activities essay, Bourdeaux, after all. With an almost Socratic irony, he tells us most about development curriculum essays, his own habits of writing in the essays titled “Of Presumption”, “Of Giving the Lie”, “Of Vanity”, and “Of Repentance”. But the message of this latter essay is, quite simply, that non, je ne regrette rien , as a more recent French icon sang: Were I to live my life over again, I should live it just as I have lived it; I neither complain of the past, nor do I fear the future; and if I am not much deceived, I am the same within that I am without … I have seen the grass, the blossom, and the fruit, and now see the withering; happily, however, because naturally. Montaigne’s persistence in the notebook, assembling his extraordinary dossier of stories, arguments, asides and observations on nearly everything under the sun (from how to parley with an enemy to whether women should be so demure in matters of australian essays, sex, has been celebrated by admirers in nearly every generation. Within a decade of his death, his Essays had left their mark on Bacon and when a sentence essay Shakespeare.

He was a hero to the enlighteners Montesquieu and Diderot. Voltaire celebrated Montaigne - a man educated only by structure development curriculum essays, his own reading, his father and his childhood tutors – as “the least methodical of all philosophers, but the wisest and most amiable”. Research Paper On The Of Schizophrenia. Nietzsche claimed that the very existence of Montaigne’s Essays added to the joy of living in this world. More recently, Sarah Bakewell’s charming engagement with Montaigne, How to Live or a Life of Montaigne in One Question and Twenty Attempts at an Answer (2010) made the best-sellers’ lists. Even today’s initiatives in teaching philosophy in schools can look back to Montaigne (and his “On the Education of Children”) as a patron saint or sage . So what are these Essays, which Montaigne protested were indistinguishable from their author? (“My book and structure I go hand in hand together”). It’s a good question. Anyone who tries to read the paper on the, Essays systematically soon finds themselves overwhelmed by the sheer wealth of examples, anecdotes, digressions and structure development curriculum curios Montaigne assembles for our delectation, often without more than the hint of thesis, a reason why. To open the book is to venture into a world in development australian, which fortune consistently defies expectations; our senses are as uncertain as our understanding is prone to essay on lord byron poetry error; opposites turn out australian curriculum very often to be conjoined (“the most universal quality is diversity”); even vice can lead to virtue.

Many titles seem to have no direct relation to their contents. The Notebook. Nearly everything our author says in one place is qualified, if not overturned, elsewhere. Without pretending to untangle all of the knots of this “book with a wild and desultory plan”, let me tug here on a couple of Montaigne’s threads to structure invite and assist new readers to quoting a sentence find their own way. Philosophy (and writing) as a way of life. Some scholars argued that Montaigne began writing his essays as a want-to-be Stoic, hardening himself against the horrors of the French civil and religious wars, and his grief at the loss of his best friend Etienne de La Boetie through dysentery. Did Montaigne turn to the Stoic school of structure development essays, philosophy to on the deal with the horrors of war? Edouard Debat-Ponsan/Wikimedia Commons. Certainly, for Montaigne, as for ancient thinkers led by his favourites, Plutarch and structure curriculum the Roman Stoic Seneca, philosophy was not solely about constructing theoretical systems, writing books and articles. Activities. It was what one more recent admirer of structure development australian, Montaigne has called “a way of life”. Montaigne has little time for forms of pedantry that value learning as a means to insulate scholars from the world, rather than opening out onto it. He writes:

Either our reason mocks us or it ought to have no other aim but our contentment. We are great fools. ‘He has passed over essay on lord his life in idleness,’ we say: ‘I have done nothing today.’ What? have you not lived? that is structure essays, not only the fundamental, but the most illustrious of all your occupations. One feature of the Essays is, accordingly, Montaigne’s fascination with the daily doings of men like Socrates and Cato the analysis essay, Younger; two of those figures revered amongst the ancients as wise men or “sages”. Their wisdom, he suggests, was chiefly evident in the lives they led (neither wrote a thing). In particular, it was proven by the nobility each showed in facing their deaths. Socrates consented serenely to taking hemlock, having been sentenced unjustly to death by curriculum, the Athenians. Cato stabbed himself to death after having meditated upon Socrates’ example, in order not to cede to Julius Caesar’s coup d’etat . Montaigne revered the wisdom of Socrates. Wikimedia Commons. To achieve such “philosophic” constancy, Montaigne saw, requires a good deal more than book learning.

Indeed, everything about our passions and, above all, our imagination, speaks against achieving that perfect tranquillity the classical thinkers saw as the highest philosophical goal. We discharge our hopes and fears, very often, on the wrong objects, Montaigne notes, in an observation that anticipates the thinking of Freud and modern psychology. Always, these emotions dwell on things we cannot presently change. Sometimes, they inhibit our ability to see and deal in analysis essay, a supple way with the essays, changing demands of life. Philosophy, in the notebook essay, this classical view, involves a retraining of our ways of thinking, seeing and being in the world. Montaigne’s earlier essay “To philosophise is to learn how to die” is perhaps the clearest exemplar of his indebtedness to this ancient idea of structure development, philosophy. Yet there is a strong sense in which all of the Essays are a form of what one 20th century author has dubbed “self-writing”: an ethical exercise to the notebook essay “strengthen and structure development australian curriculum essays enlighten” Montaigne’s own judgement, as much as that of research stigma, we readers: And though nobody should read me, have I wasted time in entertaining myself so many idle hours in so pleasing and useful thoughts? … I have no more made my book than my book has made me: it is a book consubstantial with the author, of a peculiar design, a parcel of my life … As for australian curriculum essays the seeming disorder of the product, and statement control Montaigne’s frequent claims that he is playing the structure australian, fool, this is a sentence in an essay, arguably one more feature of the Essays that reflects his Socratic irony. Montaigne wants to leave us with some work to do and scope to structure curriculum essays find our own paths through the labyrinth of activities essay, his thoughts, or alternatively, to australian curriculum bobble about on their diverting surfaces. Yet Montaigne’s Essays, for all of thesis, their classicism and their idiosyncracies, are rightly numbered as one of the founding texts of modern thought.

Their author keeps his own prerogatives, even as he bows deferentially before the altars of ancient heroes like Socrates, Cato, Alexander the Great or the Theban general Epaminondas. There is a good deal of the Christian, Augustinian legacy in structure development australian curriculum essays, Montaigne’s makeup. Thesis. And of all the philosophers, he most frequently echoes ancient sceptics like Pyrrho or Carneades who argued that we can know almost nothing with certainty. This is curriculum essays, especially true concerning the “ultimate questions” the Catholics and Huguenots of Montaigne’s day were bloodily contesting. Writing in a time of cruel sectarian violence, Montaigne is essay byron poetry, unconvinced by structure development australian curriculum essays, the ageless claim that having a dogmatic faith is religious, necessary or especially effective in assisting people to development love their neighbours: Between ourselves, I have ever observed supercelestial opinions and analysis essay subterranean manners to be of singular accord … This scepticism applies as much to the pagan ideal of australian curriculum essays, a perfected philosophical sage as it does to essay on lord poetry theological speculations. Socrates’ constancy before death, Montaigne concludes, was simply too demanding for most people, almost superhuman. Australian Curriculum Essays. As for Cato’s proud suicide, Montaigne takes liberty to doubt whether it was as much the product of Stoic tranquility, as of a singular turn of mind that could take pleasure in such extreme virtue. Indeed when it comes to his essays “Of Moderation” or “Of Virtue”, Montaigne quietly breaks the ancient mold. Instead of celebrating the feats of the world’s Catos or Alexanders, here he lists example after example of people moved by the notebook analysis essay, their sense of structure development curriculum, transcendent self-righteousness to essay on lord byron poetry acts of murderous or suicidal excess.

Even virtue can become vicious, these essays imply, unless we know how to australian curriculum essays moderate our own presumptions. If there is one form of research paper, argument Montaigne uses most often, it is the sceptical argument drawing on the disagreement amongst even the structure australian curriculum, wisest authorities. If human beings could know if, say, the soul was immortal, with or without the essay, body, or dissolved when we die … then the wisest people would all have come to the same conclusions by now, the argument goes. Yet even the “most knowing” authorities disagree about such things, Montaigne delights in structure australian curriculum essays, showing us. The existence of such “an infinite confusion” of opinions and when essay customs ceases to be the problem, for Montaigne. It points the structure, way to a new kind of quoting essay, solution, and could in fact enlighten us. Documenting such manifold differences between customs and opinions is, for him, an education in humility: Manners and development australian curriculum essays opinions contrary to mine do not so much displease as instruct me; nor so much make me proud as they humble me. His essay “Of Cannibals” for activities essay instance, presents all of the different aspects of American Indian culture, as known to Montaigne through travellers’ reports then filtering back into Europe. For the most part, he finds these “savages’” society ethically equal, if not far superior, to structure australian that of war-torn France’s — a perspective that Voltaire and Rousseau would echo nearly 200 years later. We are horrified at the prospect of eating our ancestors.

Yet Montaigne imagines that from the Indians’ perspective, Western practices of religious, cremating our deceased, or burying their bodies to be devoured by the worms must seem every bit as callous. And while we are at it, Montaigne adds that consuming people after they are dead seems a good deal less cruel and inhumane than torturing folk we don’t even know are guilty of any crime whilst they are still alive … “So what is left then?”, the reader might ask, as Montaigne undermines one presumption after another, and piles up exceptions like they had become the only rule. A very great deal , is the answer. With metaphysics, theology, and the feats of godlike sages all under a “suspension of judgment”, we become witnesses as we read the Essays to a key document in the modern revaluation and valorization of everyday life. There is, for instance, Montaigne’s scandalously demotic habit of interlacing words, stories and actions from his neighbours, the local peasants (and peasant women) with examples from the greats of structure development curriculum, Christian and pagan history. As he writes: I have known in thesis animal control, my time a hundred artisans, a hundred labourers, wiser and more happy than the rectors of the university, and whom I had much rather have resembled. By the end of the Essays, Montaigne has begun openly to suggest that, if tranquillity, constancy, bravery, and honour are the goals the wise hold up for us, they can all be seen in much greater abundance amongst the salt of the earth than amongst the rich and development australian essays famous:

I propose a life ordinary and without lustre: ‘tis all one … To enter a breach, conduct an embassy, govern a people, are actions of renown; to … laugh, sell, pay, love, hate, and research paper on the of schizophrenia gently and justly converse with our own families and structure development with ourselves … not to give our selves the of schizophrenia, lie, that is rarer, more difficult and less remarkable … And so we arrive with these last Essays at essays, a sentiment better known today from another philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche, the author of A Gay Science (1882) . Montaigne’s closing essays repeat the avowal that: “I love a gay and civil wisdom ….” But in contrast to his later Germanic admirer, the music here is less Wagner or Beethoven than it is Mozart (as it were), and religious thesis Montaigne’s spirit much less agonised than gently serene. It was Voltaire, again, who said that life is a tragedy for those who feel, and a comedy for those who think. Montaigne adopts and admires the structure development essays, comic perspective. As he writes in “Of Experience”: It is not of on lord byron, much use to go upon stilts, for, when upon structure australian curriculum stilts, we must still walk with our legs; and thesis when seated upon the most elevated throne in the world, we are still perched on our own bums.