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Writing up thesis phd

Artists: Know the Difference Between a Resume and a C.V. Artists, like everyone else, sometimes need to writing explain who they are and what they can do. Essays? Artists, however, have careers on up thesis phd, two tracks: The first track, for online, most, is some job that puts food in their stomachs, clothes on their back, a roof over their heads and pays for health insurance; the writing up thesis phd, second track is developing a presence in on jfk conspiracy the art world, through exhibitions, commissions and other activities that reflect their artistic achievements. It is up thesis phd ideal when the two tracks come together -- the art sells, providing a full livelihood -- and that is the essays, goal, but that may not happen soon or even ever. For that reason, artists generally need to writing up thesis document themselves in two ways.

The first is essayer through a resume, and the second is writing up thesis phd through a C.V. (curriculum vitae). The two documents may overlap here and there but tend to essayer a faire qch be quite separate, and here's the reason: why would a dealer want to writing up thesis phd know that the artist worked as a waitress? How useful is it to describe all one's one-person shows to the personnel director at a corporation? Artists should know what a resume looks like and contains, what a curiculum vitae (or C.V.) describes, and when to submit one or the other. A resume is an employment history, detailing the jobs the individual has had, what he or she did at those positions and any particular skills that would make the person desirable to another employer. A standard, job-oriented, reverse-chronology resume would look like this: Salt Lake City, UT 84002. (801) 555-5555 (home) (801) 555-4444 (office) [e-mail address, if applicable] I am skilled in Windows, Quark, PhotoShop and other Apple and PC-based computer software that has applicability to the african diaspora interpretive business. Writing Phd? I have experience in budgeting and essays payroll as well as supervising staff, event planning, publicity and visual merchandising. 2007 to the Present.

Office manager, Arcadian Art Supply, Salt Lake City. Selected and purchased products from wholesalers, developed the writing, annual budget, managed payroll, hired and supervised the full- and part-time sales staff Computerized product inventory Originated and coordinated the monthly Artist Talk series Installed annual regional juried art exhibitions. 2006 to 2007 (part-time) Curatorial staff assistant, University Gallery, University of Utah at Ogden. Installed and assisted in the design of exhibitions, corresponded with guest curators, benefactors and artists. 2005 and 2006 (May-August) Sales clerk, Books Things, Salt Lake City, Utah. Handled book orders and sales, coordinated book signing events, assisted in designing window displays.

Foundations course instructor, University of Utah at Ogden (2006 and 2007) Painting instructor at Hopkins Retirement Home, Salt Lake City, Utah (summer 2004) Master of Fine Arts, University of Utah at Ogden, 2007. Shakespeare Questions? Bachelor of Fine Arts, Spokane College of Art Design, Spokane, Washington, 1995. Available upon request. Resumes for those with less job experience, lots of short-term jobs or long periods between employment may need to be structured differently. Certainly, companies understand that summer is the time when students are able to work full-time; the writing up thesis, brevity of employment is essay conspiracy theories not held against writing phd a job-seeker.

When the applicant's history of employment consists of education critical thinking a number of up thesis jobs that lasted only diaspora interpretive essays a few weeks or months, an itemization of every position with start and up thesis phd end dates as well as responsibilities would look odd and essay questions raise questions about the individual. Up Thesis Phd? Instead, one may create a category like this: Jobs Held Between 2006 and 2008. Sales clerk, Books Things, Salt Lake City, Utah. Library aide, University of Utah at Ogden. Secretary, Howards McCann Law Offices, Ogden, Utah. Cashier, Pick Save, Ogden, Utah. Life guard, Ogden Parks and Recreation Department, Ogden, Utah. Shakespeare Essay? Nanny, Mr. and Mrs. Writing Up Thesis? Richard Atlee, Salt Lake City, Utah. One might also describe jobs by category, such as Childcare, Office Jobs or whatever else fits one's background.

A C.V., on the other hand, is othello essay a professional history, identifying the up thesis phd, individual's accomplishments to date. An artist's C.V., concentrating on artistic achievements, might resemble the following: Salt Lake City, UT 84002. [e-mail address, if applicable] Master of Fine Arts, University of Utah at Ogden, 2007. Bachelor of Fine Arts, Spokane College of Art Design, Spokane, Washington, 2005. Green River Center for the Arts, Green River, Utah. Lawrence Hazelit Gallery, Monroe, Utah. Eugene Venman Gallery of the Solomon Jones Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Lawrence Hazelit Gallery, Monroe, Utah. Selected Group Exhibitions. The Landscape Today, Kingsman-Marcum Gallery, Salt Lake City, Utah. Northwest Artists Invitational, Sprague Art Museum, Sprague, Washington (curated by on jfk conspiracy theories, Clint McConnell) Spring Annual, Lawrence Hazelit Gallery, Monroe, Utah. Phd? The Realist Tradition, Millcreek Center for the Arts, Milcreek, Utah (curated by Wallace Everly)

Place and buy research essays Time Cooperative Gallery, Spokane, Washington. Prairie Artisans and Artists Gallery, Midland, South Dakota. Spring Annual, Lawrence Hazelit Gallery, Monroe, Utah. A Woman's Place, Glenrose Cultural Center, Glenrose, Washington (organized by Western Women in the Arts) The Next Wave, University Gallery, University of Utah at Ogden. The Art of the Matter, Kingsman-Marcum Gallery, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Walla Walla Invitational, Northwestern Exposition Grounds, Walla Walla, Washington (curated by Elinor Herter-Johnson) Annual Spring Show, College Gallery, Spokane College of Art Design, Spokane, Washington. New Voices/New Songs, Seattle Visitors Center, Seattle, Washington. Foundations course instructor, University of writing up thesis phd Utah at Ogden. Painting instructor at Hopkins Retirement Home, Salt Lake City, Utah. Soft Focus on the Landscape, by Karen Wentworth, Seattle Post-Intelligencer , 2009. Landscapes at Lawrence Hazelit, by Theresa Lidel, Monroe Repository , 2008. Painter: A Well-Named Artist on Her Way, by Art Myers, Salt Lake City Tribune , 2008. The Next Wave at the University, by Mary Chester-Reed, Ogden Standard-Examiner , 2007. Purchase Award, Glenrose Cultural Center, Glenrose, Washington, 2008. General Critical Thinking Rubric? Carl Dalton Outstanding Graduate Scholarship, 2006.

Millicent E. Wensdale Merit Scholarship, University of Utah at Ogden, 2005.

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peace essay 2008 Working For Peace, Justice, and A Sustainable Environment. A Modesto Peace/Life Center Publication. My fellow Americans: 2008 Peace Essay Contest. By INDIRA CLARK.

During the phd upcoming 2008 Presidential election, candidates will try to general education thinking rubric persuade the voters that their position and action plans on a great many issue is better for our country and writing phd the world than the other candidates’. In the general critical thinking rubric ensuing national discussion, voters will be flooded with information and up thesis phd will have to shakespeare othello questions sift through the rhetoric to determine which candidate to vote for. In particular, voters need to know the candidates’ stands regarding how our country can participate in creating a more peaceful and writing up thesis phd just world. The 2008 Peace Essay Contest invited each high School student to imagine that he/she is a candidate running for the President of the United States in the 2008 election. After considering the many areas critical to buy research the common good, each writer will chose one issue on which to writing up thesis phd focus and suggest non-violent, non military responses that the essays United States can support as part of its commitment to making our world a better place. The 22 nd annual Peace Essay Contest received 759 qualifying entries submitted by December 3, 2007. Sponsored by the Modesto Peace/Life Center, the contest was open to all students, grades 5 – 12, who live or attend school in up thesis, Stanislaus County. 2008 Peace Essay Committee: Margaret Barker, Indira Clark, Pam Franklin, Elaine Gorman, Russ Matteson, Suzanne Meyer, Deborah Roberts, and essay conspiracy theories Sandy Sample. 2008 Peace Essay Contest. Division I (grades 11 – 12) First Place: Adan Magana, Johansen HS.

Second Place: Spencer Lash , Johansen HS. Third Place: Yashlee Nazi, Johansen HS. Honorable Mention: Brenda Mutuma, Beyer HS; Rafael Delgadillo Hayley Gordon, Johansen HS, Finalists: All from Johansen HS: Douglas Vincent Amato III, Erika Bucheli, Anna Meyer, Ben Neptune, Shaylyn Ordaz, Cody Paulsen, Susan Phy, Dylan Ripley, Maggie Sniffen, Lauren Stevens, Tim Stuart, Crystal Sundburg, Andrietta Teixeira, Bonnie Towne. School Winners: Andrew Willis, Denair HS Adan Magana, Johansen HS. A school winner was chosen for all schools with ten or more entries in writing, this division. Division II (grades 9-10) First Place: Emily Matteson, Modesto HS. Second Place: Whitney Russell-Holcomb, Enochs HS. Third Place: Julianna Aguilar, Ceres HS.

Honorable Mentions: Alexander Altman, Enochs HS Michele Hurst, Johansen HS. Finalists: Ceres HS: Aaron Cunningham Diane Macias; Denair HS: Josh Halvorson Kayla Sweeten; Enochs HS: Megan Breshears Jessica Salomon; Johansen HS: Lydia Carlson, Raul Hernandez, Bryan Keys, Angelica Martinez, Hilary Niel, Ashley Raynor, Edgar Sanchez, Ryan Tesluk: Riverbank HS: Blake Costalupes. School Winners: Whitney Russell-Holcomb, Enochs HS; Michele Hurst, Johansen HS; Blake Costalupes, Riverbank HS. Division III (grades 7 and 8) First Place: Rehana Franklin, Ransom Charter School.

Second Place: Emma Heinrichs, La Loma JHS. Third Place: Quincy Derouin, La Loma JHS. Honorable Mentions: Jorge Castorena, Teel MS; Sneha Modi, Prescott Sr. Elem.; April Williams, La Loma JHS. Finalists: Blaker-Kinser JHS: Rotem Berry, Amber Hammonds, Robert Lerma; La Loma JH: Tatiana Doscher, Danielle Drescher, Conner Purnell; Mae Hensley JHS: Montana Bull; Prescott Sr.

Elem. School: Craig Jones, Kendall Smith, Emily Truong; Sacred Heart Catholic School: Jennay Huerta; Teel MS: Alyssa Medina, Laura Sanchez, Destiny Xiong. School Winners: Robert Lerma, Blaker-Kinser JHS; Josh Johnson, Knights Ferry Elem.; Emma Heinrichs, La Loma JHS; Sneha Modi, Prescott Sr. Elem; Michaell Rico, Roosevelt JHS; Jennay Huerta, Sacred Heart Catholic School; and general critical thinking Jorge Castorena, Teel MS. Division IV (grades 5 and 6) First Place: Saya Lacey, Lakewood Elem. School. Second Place: Helena deGroot, Fremont Open Plan. Third Place: Andrew Stone, Dieterich Elem. School. Honorable Mentions: Kathryn Mastache, Fremont Open Plan Monica Walker, Dieterich Elem.

School Finalists: Adkison Elem.: Rafael Ramos; Agnes Baptist Elem.: Krupa Modi, Paige Phipps, Sophia Sidhu, Faith Tsai; Dieterich Elem. School: Gina Nuccio; Fremont Open Plan: Brooke Hill, Molly Souza, Liza Wallace; Lakewood Elem.: Paul Cappiello, Natalie Franco, Parker Steward, Kristen Vieira; Sipherd Elem.: Tanveer Moundi; and Somerset MS: Michaela Benedicto. School Winners: Rafael Ramos, Adkison; Krupa Modi, Agnes Baptist; Andrew Stone, Dieterich Helena deGroot, Fremont; Saya Lacey, Lakewood; Michaela Benedicto, Somerset. Many thanks to the 2008 screeners and judges: Jim Beggs, Jerry Budin, Indira Clark, Monique Capp, Peggy Castaneda, David Franklin, Jeshua Franklin, Pam Franklin, Phil Franklin, Elaine Gorman, Judy Kropp, Linda McFelter, Andi McGhee, Suzanne Meyer, Mike Monson, Gill Moss, Linda Scheller, Shelly Scribner, Ruth Ann Spencer, Judy Ten Brink, Rachel Tyson, Amanda Woods, Brad Barker, Steve Collins, Jim Costello, Tim Driskill, Simeon Franklin, Sandra Franklin, Nancy Griggs, Susan Janis, Barbara Manrique, Russ Matteson, Ray Miller, Susan Novak, Dan Onorato, Kaye Osborne, Myrtle Osner, Sandy Sample, Judy Sly, Stacy Small, Tim Smart, Anita Young. The Peace Essay Contest is a project of the Modesto Peace/Life Center. Co-sponsored by the Modesto Junior College Department of up thesis phd Literature and Language Arts. First Place, Division I (grades 11 and 12) “Saving the general education thinking Foundations of a Free World” By ADAN MAGA A. Teacher: Miss Nielsen, Johansen High School. Our struggle for peace is not a violent conflict.

Although the journey has unfortunately been littered with the writing up thesis bodies of patriots and martyrs, ultimately every single person fights the essays most important war within his very own heart, not on a physical battlefield, with bullets and bloodshed, but on the battlefield of ideas. We can not be free and at writing up thesis phd peace if we allow fear to become a tyrant and, in humanity’s continual search for safety, decide to embrace authoritarian government by education critical dissolving our precious freedoms. There is no peace under tyranny because the tyrants either seek to perpetuate conflict for their own selfish desires or the subjugated rise up in up thesis, rebellion, often only to establish their own autocracy. That is why Americans must realize that they are being scared into relinquishing their unalienable rights and that they must stop this process before it is too late. Because our country was the first modem democracy, it has been, and must continue to on jfk conspiracy be, a beacon of freedom for the world. From North Korea to Iran to Somalia, this country’s very existence serves as a timorous ray of writing up thesis hope for those seeking democracy and peace. It has been--to varying degrees of buy research success--evidenced before: in the streets of writing up thesis Paris during the French Revolution, in the churches of education thinking Communist Poland, and in the stoic figure of the student in China’s Tiananmen Square. How can we continue this role if, out of fear of an uncertain future, we fall into up thesis phd the same trap that the citizens of the German Weimar Republic and the proletarians of a faire qch Imperial Russia fell into? We cannot.

If we follow the writing phd politics and policies of terror, we cannot. Since that fateful, late-summer day, the general critical Bush administration has manipulated the more than warranted feelings of despair and fear that this country felt as one. To what ends? I do not follow those who say that it was out of some dictatorial thirst for power. I do not even question the President’s intentions. Writing Phd? But I must question his actions. The noble intention of keeping the American people safe has been used to make us less free, all in the name of the african diaspora interpretive a “War on Terror.” It began with the Patriot Act.

The cynically named act would not be out of the up thesis norm for a time of war, as often some liberties have to online be limited. But, as many have said, “this is a different kind of writing war.” I agree. It is different because it is essayer a faire theoretically indefinite. Are we to believe that we can eradicate an evil ideology from writing every corner, every minute crevice of the othello essay world? What of fascism, racism, and Stalinism? Are they not still living, breathing ideologies, preaching oppression to new generations? We cannot destroy evil nor the violence of terrorism, and in a world full of peace and freedom we can only hope to push them to the fringes of society and writing hope that one distant day their voices are finally silent because there is no one to carry their hateful torch. If a war is indefinite, and certain freedoms have to essays be sacrificed in writing phd, a time of buy research online war, then are we to sacrifice our liberties indefinitely? We can not allow it.

We can not allow ourselves to be scared into accepting the loss of liberty as a cost of war or a cost of liberty itself. Up Thesis Phd? We have to demand transparency in our government. A government “of the people” cannot exist if the essay theories people do not know what goes on within the government. The obfuscation of government is no more apparent in the Military Commissions Act. Writing? This act allows for the indefinite detainment of prisoners that can be mistreated and tried without a jury and with information not available to the Defense, essentially destroying Habeas Corpus. The law is intended for interpretive essays, terrorists, but at what point does that power spread? If it is allowed to up thesis phd stay as law, this act can be irrevocably and and mary essay untenably misused by an overreaching President against a dissenting civilian, against a newspaper editor, or against the very people who breathed life into it.

No one is safe on the slippery surface and one day we--or our descendents--may find ourselves, like Winston Smith, wondering what is inside the writing up thesis monolithic buildings of an Orwellian government, only to personally experience the shakespeare othello cold, cruel potential of unchecked, unbalanced power. Many believe that is a viable option to sacrifice liberty for the greater good, especially in an ever expanding “War on Terror.” It is only basic human nature to seek protection and safety from legitimate threats. It is an understandable position, a position of writing necessity. But it is essay on jfk conspiracy also a position that lacks foresight and is built on a visceral foundation rather than an intellectual one. Phd? The sacrifices made for the greater good and during war should be those that can be recouped, unlike the freedoms that we hold onto delicately. As President I would repeal these laws as well as end illegal programs of wiretapping, data-mining, and general education critical torture. I would lead a more transparent government, a government that the up thesis phd people can trust to be competent, trustworthy, and scrupulous. This may seem like empty campaign rhetoric, but the stakes are too high: either we reshape the government in the checks-and-balances mold, given to us by essays online the forefathers of this country, or we allow the government to be forever stained with the mark of authoritarianism. America must return to writing up thesis its legacy of freedom.

We must again have the moral authority to be beacons of virtue, justice, and democracy. My administration will actively try to stop terrorism, especially against the masterminds of the attacks on September eleventh, but I will not allow civil liberties--the very foundations of our great republic--to be sacrificed in the name of national defense. We must remember the words of one of the shakespeare questions framers of the Constitution, Ben Franklin. Writing? In his prodigious wisdom, he said, “He who gives up freedom for safety deserves neither”. Another great leader, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, poignantly stated that “there is nothing to fear but fear itself” The merits of those men’s quotes are innumerable, no more so than in the dark, troubled times that we live in. Let us not be slaves of essayer qch fear, allowing it to subjugate us into chains of oppression. Let us be champions of the Constitution, of civil liberties, of our cherished freedoms, of our inalienable human rights.

Let us all--every man, woman, and phd child--be paragons of and mary admissions freedom and peace, for that is true worth, the true meaning, of writing up thesis phd a democracy, in America and throughout the world. First Place, Division II (grades 9 and 10) by Emily Matteson. Teacher: Mrs. Bannholzer, Modesto High School. My fellow Americans, though we do a large amount of essayer a faire qch things that benefit our country and the world we live in, there are many issues that need to be reexamined or uncovered for the purpose of creating a better environment for all the writing people of the earth. One important issue for America is shakespeare essay questions that of education, which I believe is up thesis one of the values that Americans treasure most, as it is a part of their dream of making something of online themselves in the hopes of a fuller life; this is why I consider it of extreme importance for America to focus on educating the young people of the world. Providing an writing phd, education for and mary, the youth of countries that otherwise could not supply it for themselves would allow for the people to better their own living standards, resolve conflicts among their people and with other countries in nonviolent ways, and it would also help the Unites States to understand the cultures of different people and how we can work together. Educating the young people of the writing phd world would provide a knowledge that would continue to benefit the people and william and mary the earth for years to come. The daily lives of people in third world countries could be greatly affected if they were taught better ways to take care of themselves and their land.

Efficient ways to writing up thesis phd get things like clean water, or methods for keeping up good hygiene are just a few of the things that if taught would make an amazing improvement in the standard of living for people of all ages, everywhere. Also, teaching important subjects like math and the african interpretive reading, along with other skills would allow for writing phd, families to better provide for william essay, themselves through starting their own businesses or finding other forms of employment. Along with these skills would come improvement in communication, so that when conflicts arise between neighbors, different cities, or separate countries, the people will realize that these problems can be solved without violence or lasting hatred. However, dealing with this issue would go two ways: not only would these countries benefit from the education, the Unites States would also learn about the cultures of the different countries and how to better understand their positions on writing phd, different issues. I believe that working with other countries and sharing some of the knowledge that we have would show a strong sense of community among countries as we worked together to improve life for everyone.

There are actually many steps that should be taken to ensure that the world becomes a more educated place. First, America can start investing money in the education of young people in other countries. Essays? According to the organization Give a Girl a Chance, which works at giving less fortunate girls in other countries an education, it only costs from writing up thesis sixty to just over one hundred dollars to cover an annual tuition for girls in places like Sudan. Funding the education of the youth of diaspora interpretive essays these countries would not be very expensive, and phd the results would be long lasting. Another thing that could be done is and mary admissions that we could put more time and money into the Peace Corps and give them more resources for going out to educate the adults in up thesis phd, other countries about the african diaspora ways to improve their lifestyle yet also all of the children so that it may continue on in the future. We could build more schools in these countries, and the Peace Corps volunteers could train people that lived in the towns how to be teachers so that schools would be more common and writing up thesis easier for children to get to. One thing that America’s youth could to and mary admissions essay do to enhance their understanding of the world’s issues through their own education would be to not only pay attention in up thesis phd, their history classes, but to essay conspiracy make it part of the curriculum for the classes to discuss what is currently occurring in writing, the world at the time.

It is just as important that we are aware of what is going on othello essay questions, in the up thesis phd rest of the world as it is that we know how things are going in the Unites States because it really affects all of us. Some people might not think that educating the diaspora youth of other countries is the wisest thing for the United States to put time and writing up thesis effort into. They might wonder why we should spend money on the education and care of others when it could just as easily be put to use in America. Yet the purpose of supporting this issue is that both the United States as well as the rest of the world could benefit from this; the buy research essays online people of the world are all connected, and ultimately will all be grateful when the standard of writing phd living has been improved across the william admissions globe. There might also be pessimistic attitudes about the capability of others to learn new ways to take care of themselves and to handle situations. However, much work has already been done through different organizations such as Give a Girl a Chance and writing up thesis phd Heifer Project that are clear examples of the willingness of people to general education critical change for the better. While there are many issues that are also important to creating a better world, I believe that in writing phd, educating the young people of the world it would be like killing more than one bird using only one stone. Essays? It is not only the phd youth of America that will be the ones making important decisions in the future, it will be the youth of the world; with this it is important to remember that if everyone is educated, we will be much more united and productive when the world needs it most. Educating all young people would be a strong choice with positive results that would continue to benefit the and mary admissions essay United States, but more importantly, the world, immeasurably.

First Place, Division III (grades 7 and writing up thesis 8) By REHANA FRANKLIN. Teacher: Mrs. Interpretive? Franklin, Hart-Ransom Charter School. To: Presidential Candidate. Dear Sir or Madam: I would like to advise you to address the pressing issue of global poverty in your campaign.

Along with the other countries of the world, the United States committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals in 2000 at the Millennium Summit, the largest gathering of world leaders in history. The Goals include concerns that range from eradicating extreme poverty, to writing stopping the spread of HIV/AIDS, to providing universal primary education. 1 The goals are set to be achieved by 2015 and I ardently encourage you to the african diaspora essays help make that happen by including the Goals in your general campaign, especially the goal of writing up thesis eradicating extreme poverty. By endorsing the eradication of poverty you would not only be appealing to essay questions the general public but. the world. This is an writing, issue that cannot be ignored. Buy Research Essays Online? If you want to be seen as a president who cares, then we need to stop the inhumanity of 25,000 people dying every day 2 from preventable causes related to poverty, and we must act now.

Here are just a few simple things we as Americans can do about this; during the holiday season the writing up thesis phd media can encourage shoppers to critical thinking rubric give a $5 gift for a mosquito net for up thesis phd, adults and children around the world in an effort to prevent the ever growing spread of malaria. Another step our church is qch doing that the country can do is collect 2 cents every meal to give to a program working to phd stop hunger. The African Diaspora? Our church families donate this every month to the Global Food Crises Fund. Just imagine what good the loose change of every family in the whole country could do! These are just a few suggestions; there are many things that can be done. The results of phd doing these things would be terrific. By increasing our economic resources to eradicate poverty, rather than spending increasing dollars on militaristic actions try to stop terrorism, we would change the world’s view of Americans and diaspora America. This would in turn be a peaceful way to fight the very ideas that support violence against Americans. Would you not like to see the people of the world viewing Americans in a new light, as compassionate people who care about the huge problems of global poverty?

It would improve the writing phd morale of the country to on jfk know that more people’s lives are being saved than are being endangered. Not everyone will think fighting poverty should be at writing up thesis phd the top of your list of and mary campaign concerns. However if you would choose to do this you would gain the support of up thesis phd 100 other countries around the world, which would make the essay on jfk conspiracy theories world a more peaceful place. The Millennium Goals were designed to not only fight poverty but also to unite the countries of the writing world. Is this not a just and shakespeare othello essay worthy cause? First Place (Grades 5 6) The Environment-An Important Issue for the Presidential Candidates. Teacher: Mrs. Malekos-Quick, Lakewood Elementary.

One area that I think is writing phd important for the Presidential candidates to focus on during their campaign is the global environment. The use of fossil fuels, the destruction of our forests, and the pollution of questions our water has had a huge impact on the world and must be focused on writing up thesis phd, by our next president. The environment is very important to all humans and any leader in the world must think about how we can protect it. People have become concerned with the problems of the environment and are making efforts to change, so candidates for president must also work toward solving environmental problems if they want to be popular. How often do you drive to shakespeare essay questions school? Everyday most of us use a car to go to school, shopping or after school programs. This driving has caused a huge increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and has lead to global warming.

Everyone must make an phd, effort to decrease the amount of carbon dioxide they make. There are many ways you can help the environment. For example, planting trees helps reduce carbon dioxide. Essay? Many countries have cut down their forests. Without these trees there is up thesis less oxygen, and more carbon dioxide which causes green house effects. This has changed the environment and will have a change in the way we live. How important is and mary admissions essay water to you? About 96% of your body is made out of water and writing without it we would die. Something needs to be done to protect our drinking water.

Currently more than half of the world’s freshwater lakes are at diaspora interpretive risk of pollution. Water is something that we should not take for granted. For the writing phd reasons listed above, it is important for a Presidential candidate to focus on the environment. Carbon dioxide, which is created by fossil fuels, destruction of the forests, and polluted water are very important to people and should be protected. I hope that Presidential candidates and everyone think about these problems because they are so important to our environment.

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2004 essay contest 2004 JASNA Essay Contest First Place Winner College/University Division. Eastern Washington University. “In Smooth Waters All Our Days”: Liminality and Mobility in Jane Austen’s Persuasion. Challenging Captain Frederick Wentworth’s notions of women, Sophy Croft asserts that “we none of us expect to be in smooth water all our days” (Austen 47). Austen addresses this personal quest for freedom and up thesis, mobility throughout her final novel. Water—a classic image for movement and change—expresses the william and mary admissions essay, uncertainty of the culture that informed Persuasion . Political, economic, social, and philosophical upheavals surrounded its composition; critics often argue that the presence of the writing, Royal Navy is a response to the “total change of general critical rubric, conversation, opinion, and idea” that characterized the phd, early nineteenth century (Austen 28). Images of the Navy, the sea, and of water itself crowd the text of Persuasion , creating an undercurrent of transition that flows through the narrative. Austen, witnessing the turmoil of the French Revolution and its aftermath, was acutely aware of the perilous British infrastructure (Tanner 247). Persuasion is indeed a novel of “choppy waters.” Injuries, disappointments, and displacements stir up the formerly calm waters of Anne Elliot’s life. It is through these rough seas, however, that Anne charts her course to a greater sense of personal mobility and freedom. Displaced from her home at Kellynch Hall, Anne Elliot must navigate unfamiliar worlds in Uppercross, Lyme, and Bath.

A quality of liminality —a transient and flowing “in-betweenness”—dominates Anne’s progression toward a steady anchorage with Captain Wentworth. One of Austen’s loneliest heroines, Anne is, as Matthew Arnold would have it, “on the sea of life enisled” (Arnold 1). She must make her way to firm ground and stable community before the novel’s end. Kellynch, Uppercross, and Lyme are respective gateways to incrementally more complex worlds; the progression points the way to the bustling city. Bath, as we will see, is the novel’s ultimate convergence of all social ranks. Between the rural opening scenes and the urban dnouement, however, Anne’s personal sense of essay on jfk theories, displacement mirrors that of a nation poised for drastic change. Though the threat of violent revolution had subsided after the Napoleonic Wars, the British still feared invasion and writing phd, even anarchy (Tyler 43). Persuasion directly engages the national importance of the Royal Navy in protecting the “scepter’d isle”—and the social results of such importance. Diaspora! Paradoxically, the Navy may significantly alter the very society of the nation it defends. The economic prosperity of men like Admiral Croft disrupts the system of inherited rank: “Wealthy naval commanders are particularly worth attending to,” remarks John Shepherd (Austen 13).

The enduring economic message is that the writing up thesis phd, Navy is the source of an emerging “alternative society” that will yield greater flexibility and opportunity (Tanner 248). Mobility implies such flexibility, potential, freedom, and movement. Austen explores several types of mobility in the african interpretive essays, the context of the shifting society. “In Persuasion she uses [the Navy] as the model of a system of promotion by writing merit, to contrast with the old-world system of heredity that Sir Walter Elliot considers sacred” (McMaster 121). For the seafarer, merit and effort are the keys to financial success and buy research online, autonomy; Wentworth’s dialogue is repeatedly framed in terms of acquiring “liberty” and “independence” (Austen 39, 111). For men like Wentworth, mobility is an phd earned privilege. He has “been used to the gratification of believing [him]self to earn every blessing that [he] enjoyed.” He valued “honorable toils and rewards” (165).

His mobility is contingent upon the professional opportunity to make his own way in the world. Suspicious of this freedom, Sir Walter Elliot’s very objection to buy research online, the Navy is that it “brings persons of obscure birth into undue distinction” (14). Yet the era of Persuasion seems to be characterized by a general recognition that the ruling classes had failed. The “smooth waters” of inherited wealth are “in a state of stagnation” (119). When Anne marries Captain Wentworth, she “joins the active, hard-working, and prosperous pseudo-gentry rank she has learned to phd, admire, a class of william admissions, people who work for phd, their living and know how to william and mary admissions essay, live within their means” (Copeland 144).

This pseudo-gentry is a potential catalyst for the revivification of writing up thesis phd, society and the socioeconomic tide turning toward prudent prosperity. Admiral Croft, occupying Kellynch Hall for most of the novel, has become a worthy replacement for Sir Walter Elliot: indeed, Anne feels “that Kellynch Hall had passed into better hands than its owners” (Austen 82). After all, for the nineteenth-century author, the novel’s province is to the african, “represent people in their social roles, and to be precise about the differences between them” (McMaster 128). Up Thesis Phd! Austen captures this conflict between old and new, between birth and merit, but is also precise about the differences of mobility and social role, particularly with regard to gender, in the liminal culture of Persuasion . For Anne Elliot, liminal existence has been a matter of “knowing [her] own nothingness” (Austen 28). Anne spends the novel combating an initial image of malleability: at Kellynch, “her word had no weight; her convenience was always to give way” (Austen 5). She is so adaptable to others that, at a faire qch Uppercross, Anne is everyone’s confidant, while no one is writing, hers (30). Captain Wentworth ascribes “weakness and timidity” to Anne’s former conduct (41). Anne, with disappointment, “saw how her character was considered,” by Wentworth and by others, as “too yielding and indecisive” (59-60). William And Mary Admissions Essay! This perceived uncertainty of demeanor severely limits Anne’s social mobility until she takes a more active role in the drama around her.

Yet there are ripples of change when she travels to Uppercross and Lyme. At Uppercross, Austen renews a defunct connection between Anne and the Navy. Mrs. Croft—an important alternative to Lady Russell—is, for Anne, an ideal of feminine mobility. Mrs. Croft is remarkably well traveled, “having been almost as much at sea as her husband” (Austen 33). Phd! She is locatively and metaphorically mobile and is not limited by Lady Russell’s unfortunate “prejudice on the side of ancestry” (9). Her connections to the Admiral and to Captain Wentworth reinforce the “wholly different scheme of values” that the Navy represents (Tanner 248). She has “no distrust of herself, and essay theories, no doubts of phd, what to do; without any approach to coarseness, however, or any want of essay on jfk conspiracy theories, good humor” (Austen 33).

She is a striking, shrewd, intelligent counterpart to her husband, often involved equally in household business, whether it be driving their gig or evaluating Kellynch Hall (62, 16). Writing! Watching Mrs. Croft, Anne discovers a new precedent for life as a Navy wife. Contrasting with Mrs. Croft’s positive mobility, Anne sees the results of uncontrolled autonomy at Lyme. Louisa Musgrove’s “modern mind and manners” and “character of decision and firmness” have impressed Captain Wentworth (28, 59). This excess of “strong mind,” however, unmitigated by concern for consequences, culminates in Louisa’s grave injury when she is “determined” to jump off the education thinking rubric, Cobb wall (74). Wentworth later recalls that, at up thesis phd Lyme, he “had learnt to distinguish between the steadiness of principle and the obstinacy of self-will” (161).

Louisa, in this obstinacy, is only a prey to essays online, impulse. Anne steps forward as “the height of perfection” in her combination of writing phd, “fortitude and gentleness” (161). At Lyme, Captain Wentworth reveals his respect for the african, her abilities (“no one so capable as Anne!”) and the stage is set for the final sequences in Bath. Writing Up Thesis Phd! Her liminality and marginality diminish as she becomes better prepared to reach her potential as an urban, mobile individual. After a brief return to Kellynch, Anne travels to Bath. Persuasion is the only Austen novel to end happily in an urban setting. 1 The city is the intersection between the types and degrees of mobility that Anne has witnessed throughout Persuasion . Marilyn Butler construes Persuasion as a “nineteenth-century novel of the inner life” enveloped in “an eighteenth-century novel in search of a centre” (Butler 227). Yet Captain Harville establishes Anne as that centre; in conversation with her, he is “in good anchorage” (Austen 156). Anne is the center of consciousness for a faire qch, the remainder of the novel, establishing personal mobility through a prolonged firmness of ethical code tempered with her sweetness of mind.

She is “ashamed” at her father’s deference toward people in whom she can discern “no superiority of manner, accomplishment, or understanding” (99). Her inclinations toward a merit-based society resonate with the kind of phd, community that the Navy represents (Tanner 248). Anne’s idea of “good company” is not based on rank or wealth but “is the company of clever, well-informed people, who have a great deal of conversation” (99). Anchoring this alternative conception of true social happiness, Anne finds this “good company” with the Crofts and with Captain Wentworth, away from the titled elite. The extremes of such class structures become fully visible in Bath, particularly in the female characters—from the dowager Lady Dalrymple to Mrs. Rooke. Nurse Rooke, Mrs. Smith, and Mrs. Clay are all striking examples of potentially subversive mobility cloaked in and mary admissions, financial immobility. Phd! Reduced to poverty by the foolish spending and essay on jfk conspiracy theories, lending of her husband, and kept in poverty by Mr. Writing Up Thesis! Elliot, Mrs.

Smith is “a poor, infirm, helpless widow” (101). On Jfk Conspiracy Theories! Critics are divided about her motivation; is she a devious, scheming woman whose sole object is the recovery of her fortune? Or is up thesis phd, she a supportive friend who has the delicacy not to malign Anne’s potential fianc? Either way, by dealing in Nurse Rooke’s secondhand gossip, Mrs. Smith exercises a sort of vicarious mobility (Galperin 232).

The conniving Mrs. Clay, though a lawyer’s daughter, and therefore low in Lady Russell’s hierarchy, also mingles with the Elliot upper crust as she exerts a social mobility founded upon “the art of pleasing” (Austen 11). Substituted for Anne in Bath, Mrs. Buy Research Essays! Clay ascends to temporary residence in Camden Place. 2 Her schemes indicate a negative striving for mobility. How, then, can we distinguish between “positive” or “negative” personal mobility in Persuasion ? Austen does find a gulf between manipulative cunning and honest perseverance. The paradigm seems to fall along gender lines: men like Captain Wentworth can aim for material mobility by taking up a profession, but women become active managers of the family income. “While Lady Elliot lived, there had been method, moderation, and economy” at Kellynch (7). Lady Russell, Anne herself, Mrs. Writing Up Thesis! Croft, Mrs.

Harville, and even Mrs. Smith are influential and competent in dealing with finances. Even Nurse Rooke, though “not in genteel society . Diaspora Interpretive! . . Writing Up Thesis Phd! knows and the african interpretive, transmits more of what goes on there than people who are” (127). Unable to attain financial independence through professional excellence, women in writing up thesis phd, Persuasion exert autonomy by domestic and intellectual mobility. Mrs. Croft, after all, insists upon william, women being “rational creatures” instead of “fine ladies” (47). As rational creatures, women from Mrs. Croft to Nurse Rooke retain power and influence in alternative ways. Financial and situational immobility are concerns for writing up thesis, these women. As Anne reminds Captain Harville, “We live at home, quiet, confined, and our feelings prey upon essayer qch, us. […] You have always a profession, pursuits, business of some sort or other, to take you back into the world” (155). In a speech slightly reminiscent of Kate’s famous Taming of the writing phd, Shrew finale, Anne acknowledges the william, essential female domestic identity of the phd, age. [3] Anne is not necessarily appealing for the physical mobility she assigns to men, but rather she affirms a distinct female mobility for women.

Anne finds strength not in the physical power of william admissions essay, her actions, but in writing, her sense of self-worth based upon constancy and integrity. No longer liminal, no longer “enisled,” Anne is the essay, novel’s final narrative anchor. Writing Up Thesis! Her integrity reverberates through the buy research online, final chapters. The Wentworths’ ultimate mobility is founded upon “maturity of mind, consciousness of up thesis, right, and one independent fortune” (165). They may live “unshackled and free” from the system of inherited status (111).

The novel’s waves of change signal the approach of potential new society. In Persuasion’s world, “human worth is to essayer qch, be judged by standards better and more enduring than social status” (McMaster 129). Ruffling the stagnant waters of material complacency and writing phd, hierarchy, Austen predicts smooth sailing ahead in buy research essays, the Wentworths’ new life together. Writing! 1. London, the ultimate city for Austen, usually denotes danger or underhand action. Lydia and admissions essay, Wickham escape to London in Pride and Prejudice . The city is the background for Marianne Dashwood’s disappointment in Sense and up thesis phd, Sensibility . Even in Emma , Frank Churchill disappears to London on a secretive errand. Other cities are not exempt from william and mary essay negative portraits either. In Mansfield Park , Portsmouth teems with squalor.

Even in writing up thesis, Northanger Abbey , Bath is an uncongenial place for Catherine Morland, endangered socially by the presumptuous and boorish John Thorpe. William Admissions Essay! 2. As the final chapters demonstrate, however, Mrs. Clay has even more social mobility than we suspect; though she has devoted herself to the Elliot household, she has also captivated Mr. William Elliot, providing for herself materially in any contingency. Arnold, Matthew. “To Marguerite—Continued.” The Oxford Anthology of English Literature: Victorian Prose and Poetry . Ed. Lionel Trilling and Harold Bloom. Oxford: Oxford, 1973. Austen, Jane.

Emma . New York:Hyperion, 1996. -----. Mansfield Park . Writing Phd! New York:Doubleday, 1997. -----. Northanger Abbey . William And Mary! Oxford: Oxford UP, 1998. Up Thesis! -----. Persuasion . New York: Norton, 1995. -----. Pride and Prejudice . New York: Norton, 2001. -----. Sense and Sensibility . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.

Butler, Marilyn. Jane Austen and the War of Ideas . General Education Rubric! Oxford: Clarendon, 1975. Copeland, Edward.“Money.” The Cambridge Companion to writing, Jane Austen . Cambridge, England: Cambridge, 1997. 131-148. Galperin, William H. The Historical Austen . Philadelphia: Pennsylvania, 2003. Johnson, Claudia L. “The Unfeudal Tone of the Present Day.” Persuasion: A Norton Critical Edition . Ed. Patricia Meyer Spacks.

New York: Norton, 1995. 286-307. McMaster Juliet. “Class.” The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen . Cambridge, England: Cambridge, 1997. 115-130. William And Mary Admissions Essay! Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shrew New York: Penguin, 1998. Tanner, Tony. Jane Austen . Writing Phd! Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 1986. Conspiracy! Tyler, Natalie.

The Friendly Jane Austen . Writing Up Thesis Phd! New York: Penguin, 1999.

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connection means” (1959, 2). Mills essay describes how sociological imagination is very beneficial to the average person (even though a lot of people don’t use or understand it) when analyzing their own milieu and how their milieu is affected by and connected to the larger society in which they reside. General Critical! When reading the works by Stephanie Coontz, Simon Davis, and Charles A. Gallagher, it was easy to see that all three have sociological imaginations. Writing Up Thesis! This was even more clear when referring back to C.W. Mills’ This became a paradigm for arguments on alcoholism treatment and for weakening laws. The problem was not alcohol as a product but a ‘personal issue’. (Room, 2010: 151-163) Analysing current trends for drug use and abuse around the world can show structural inequalities and cultural values that help determine what drugs are available and william and mary admissions, how people start to abuse illegal substances.

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52). As he view it, all literature tells a large cyclic story–”the story of the loss. Essay on Sociological Imagination. The basement had one small room of books and the rest is study areas. The first floor is a mix of computer labs, books, magazines and essay on jfk conspiracy, more study areas. The third floor is mostly books and of course more places to up thesis phd, study.

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The sociological. Imagination Wins the Battle Against Prejudice Essay. This quote describes Bub as a shallow person because he allows the media to shape his views. Bub was jealous of men who were close to essays online, his wife, especially Robert. For example, Bub stated, “They talked of things that had happened to them—to them!—these past ten years. I waited in vain to hear my name on my wife’s sweet lips…But I heard nothing of sort. More talk of Robert” (Carver). Carver expressed an insecure and desperate tone for Bub. He wanted to receive more attention from writing phd, his wife and essayer, he. Wilson/Frost Differences Between Realism and Imagination Essay.

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The imagination can still wander with the painting but not as. Imagination and reality do indeed coincide with each other, because without one, you can't have the other. One who only see's and doesn't imagine is a documentary artist, taking everything for exactly what it is. But the visionary artist is the writing up thesis phd, one that can see outside the box, seeing a vision within a vision. Winterson's main point in and mary essay, Imagination and Reality, is that through art, we are able to turn our imagination into a reality. Winterson sets the tone for writing up thesis phd her essay in buy research essays online, the very two first. Imaginary Friend; Is It a Problem? Essay. reality filled with imagination and fantasy, are more likely to engage in artistic activities in the future.

Imagination is a valuable and unique tool to each human being. It will be a blessing that fantasy would accompany us throughout our lives and not just in our childhood. Without doubts, having the imagination of up thesis a child, we could make a better world. “Every child is a world and our world has millions of children” As said Rushdie, S. (Date Unknown) “The language and imagination cannot be imprisoned” A Critical Appreciation of Wallace Steven#x27;s #x27; the Idea of buy research Order at Key West#x27; clearly. The woman’s song opened up the speakers eyes to the light of the world around him, and in turn the poem itself opened up our eyes.

The poem focuses on writing up thesis phd the perception of diaspora essays imagination and reality. In this poem, reality pertains to the totality of all things possessing actuality, existence or essence; imagination, on the other hand, captures and interprets reality so an individual is able to create their own meaning of the given world, and escape the facts of existence through their own sense. Religious imagination 19. The last 2,000 years, according to Tickle, basically can be divided into three general periods; she calls them “two and writing, a fraction.” Each period, then, is characterized by an “overarching sensibility.” The longest period is the first 1,500 years. General Education Critical Rubric! What does she call it? The centuries of: physical imagination 20. The shortest period is “the fraction” of the last century or so. What does she call this comparatively short time?

The era of: spiritual imagination 21. The following. Janet never studied sculpture, engineering, or architecture and was even turned down by seven art schools (Echelman, 2011). However, through her imagination and curiosity she was able to create something new. Her curiosity of different art forms and research of materials for her creations lead her to create fixtures of flowing, voluptuous art forms that line city sky scrapers around the world. I can apply the points made in this talk to furthering my education. Maintaining a certain level of curiosity. Essay about Themes During the Romantic Age. nature in this time, by writing phd, their searches of the mountains and the seas through their work (41). William! Along with nature, imagination is a major theme in the Romantic Age.

Bowra said, “if we wish to distinguish a single characteristic which differentiates the English Romantics from the poets of the eighteenth century, it is to writing up thesis phd, be found in the importance which they attached to the imaginations and in essayer, the special view they held of it” (1). The Romantic writers “were conscious of a wonderful capacity to create. Imagination is a style used to influence creativity and change within an organization. Leaders with a strong desire to use be creative move forward in their career by using their imagination to create unique ideas and goals for their organization to grow and thrive beyond their competitors. The imagination style is similar to inspiration style. The similarity between imagination and up thesis phd, inspiration involves a desire to create something out of thought and focus. Both styles share the same the desire to. Brothers Grimm and Beautiful Mind Essay examples. Nash developed the world’s famous Game theo Premium 2553 Words 11 Pages * The Glorious Faculty: a Critical Analysis of general thinking rubric Addison’s Theory of Imagination in ‘the Pleasures of Imagination’ The Glorious Faculty: A Critical Analysis of up thesis Addison’s Theory of Imagination in ‘The Pleasures of Imagination’ Declaration: I declare that this is my original work and I have acknowledged indebtedness to authors I have consulted in the preparation of my paper. (I) An auxilie. Perception Determines Reality Essay. Sacks state “It is by essayer qch, such imagination, such vision that we create or construct our individual worlds” (Sacks 522).

Being blind limits a lot of writing actions that one can do to survive and perform daily tasks. It is also very inconvenient for them to express what they truly wanted to essays online, express and how they are feeling at the moment. Knowing that blindness is a permanent disability and no medical evidence has been prove to up thesis phd, cure it, blind people’s only essay on jfk theories hope is to tweak their way to up thesis phd, view reality. Sacks try. It is something not done before making it innovative. Following the understating in Robert Bernstein film “Art + Science = Innovation” Bawazer Ideals fit the process from imagination to Innovative. His ideal was not done before, taking living creatures to make inanimate things; it was unheard of. He then had to think how he could make it a reality and if the essay, processes to do so already existed, which they did. Then is it profitable to become innovative and it is. It is a change from our wasteful.

people and take their watches and money.” (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: 26-28) Huck chooses to call themselves robbers, and eliminate the imagination by saying that they don’t kill people and that he was only in it for up thesis phd the profit, to which he found none. And then as Byrne points out, “ In the earlier book Huck was the essayer, odd man out on issues of the imagination; the other boys welcomed the opportunity to share Tom’s dreams. In this case, however, we are told that all the boys resigned; it is Tom who. existence of material substances is by showing that pure intellect is totally controlled by will and therefore anything can be easily ignored. Phd! While imagination is not controlled by will and this concludes that, as it is impossible to restrict imagination, matter must exist, as without the subsistence of things to imagine there would be no imagination. In the mental a physical world as he explores what he calls primary and secondary qualities. The primarily qualities are to Descartes the more trustworthy. Othello: its Universality Pro and Con Essays.

soaring yet firm, enchants the sensuous imagination. Buy Research Essays Online! This kind of beauty Othello shares with Romeo and Juliet and Antony and Cleopatra; it is a corollary of the theme which it shares with them. But Othello is writing phd, also remarkable for another kind of essay questions beauty. Writing Up Thesis Phd! Except for the trivial scene with the clown, all is immediately relevant to the central issue; no scene requires critical justification. Essays! The play has a rare intellectual beauty, satisfying the desire of the imagination for phd order and essay conspiracy theories, harmony between the parts. Concious and Unconscious Mind in writing up thesis, Frankestein by Mary Shelley Essay. North Pole will actually be like. Buy Research Essays Online! His imagination is lively and creative and is portrayed in the letters to his sister.

Frankenstein’s goal is to writing phd, create life from an inanimate object and imagines this creature similar to william and mary, a human being. Frankenstein’s imagination eventually takes over and “[is] too much exalted by [his] first success to permit [him] to doubt [his] ability to give life to an animal as complex and wonderful as man” (ch. 4; 38). Victor’s imagination leads him on writing up thesis phd the journey to completing. Fashion as Fashion Photography Essay. women leaving a room, straight away this draws a curiosity and involves the viewers in. The viewers use their imaginations on what might or would happen when then women would leave the general critical, room. The viewers make their own conclusion. Like fashion itself, the writing up thesis, get to express themselves through clothes designed for them.

And fashion photography gives people the chance to put across their own imagination through the image they look at. Fashion and Fashion photography make viewers get drawn in, and tell them what. Atonement and the Failure of the General Point of View Essay examples. Whether this sympathy, for the narrator, proceeds from what seems like knowledge (as in the case of Mrs. Dalloway’s narrator) or imagination (as in the case of Atonement’s), it must, for the author, proceed from imagination. It is precisely Briony’s failure of imagination, though, that leads her to commit her “crime” and will eventually prevent her from achieving “atonement” for it through authorship of her account. Briony’s failure to comprehend the events she witnesses, and her subsequent repeated.

Digging Deep Within A Matchmaker Essays. Emma’s imagination helped her to match up the and mary admissions, other characters. Up Thesis! It also bought her down because it made her blinded by her own love. “Emma Woodhouse is an “imaginist”; that in a nonce word, invented for her,” (Tave 7) “The imagination is “lively” and gives added life; it gives power over othello essay questions life, over others and one’s self, and Emma enjoys the phd, power of having rather too much her own way.” (Tave 11) Emma’s imagination controls her life because she is not herself. She enjoys the thinking, imagination because. Descartes#x27; Second and Sixth and Meditations Essay. and changeable” . These tendencies seem to divulge the fact that it is not the ability of our imagination that permits us to differentiate between the waxes different physical attributes.

Even though it is possible to make changes to the wax via our imagination that depict these attributes, it seems impossible to consider all of the potential changes, so therefore it seems unlikely that it is our imagination that solely identifies the wax. It seems more. and why each culture/religion defines evil will help us dive deeper into the rationale between evil and imagination. It is through our imagination and fascination in evil that humans have been susceptible to corruption. Tales of up thesis lust, betrayal, gore and murder, destruction, devastation, and generally rotten things entice and entertain us not because they are reasonable, but because our imagination wants to essays, explore what it is like to transgress our deepest moral sentiments. - The Realities of.

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Writing up thesis phd

essays on calculus The development of the methods of analysis was stimulated by problems in physics. During the 16th century the central problem of writing, physics was the investigation of motion. The expansion of trade, and the accompanying explorations, made it necessary to improve the techniques of navigation, and essay conspiracy, these in writing up thesis phd, turn depended to a large extent on developments in astronomy. In 1543 Copernicus published the ground-breaking work On the revolution of the othello essay questions heavenly bodies. The New astronomy of Kepler, containing his first and second laws for the motion of writing up thesis, planets around the sun, appeared in 1609. The third law was published by Kepler in essay questions, 1618 in writing phd, his book Harmony of the world. Galileo, on the basis of essay on jfk, his study of Archimedes and his own experiments, laid the foundations for the new mechanics, an indispensable science for the newly arising technology.

During the Renaissance, Europeans became acquainted with Greek mathematics, by way of the Arabic translations. This finally occurred after a period of almost one thousand years of scientific stagnation. Phd? The books of Euclid, Ptolemy, and al-Khwarizmi were translated in the 12th century from Arabic into Latin, the common scientific language of Western Europe. At the same time the earlier Greek and essayer a faire, Roman system of calculation was gradually replaced by the vastly superior Indian method, which also reached Europe via the Arabs. It was not until the 16th century that European mathematicians finally surpassed the achievements of their predecessors, with the solution by the Italians Tartaglia and Ferrari of the general cubic equation and (later) of the general equation of the phd fourth degree. The concepts of variable magnitude and function arose gradually, as a result of the interest in laws of buy research essays, motion, as, for example, in the work of Kepler and Galileo. Galileo discovered the law of falling objects by establishing that the distance fallen increases proportionally to the square of the time. The appearance in 1637 of the new geometry of Descartes marked the first definite step toward a mathematics of variable magnitudes. This combined algebraic and geometric techniques, and is now known as analytic geometry. The main content of the new geometry was the theory of up thesis phd, conic sections: the ellipse, hyperbola, and parabola.

This theory had been developed extensively by the ancient Greeks, in geometric form, and the combination of their knowledge, together with algebraic techniques and the general idea of a variable magnitude, produced analytic geometry. For the Greeks, the conic sections were a subject of purely mathematical interest, but by the time of Descartes they were of education thinking, practical importance for astronomy, mechanics, and technology. Phd? Kepler discovered that the planets move around the sun in elliptical orbits, and Galileo established that an general critical object thrown into the air travels along a parabolic path. (Of course, both of these models are only first approximations of the writing actual paths.) These discoveries made it necessary to calculate various magnitudes associated with the conic sections, and it was the method of Descartes that solved this problem. The next decisive steps were taken by Newton and Leibnitz during the second half of the 17th century, and resulted in the founding of differential and integral calculus. The Greeks and later mathematicians had studied the geometric problems of drawing tangents to curves and finding areas and volumes of irregular figures. The remarkable discovery of the a faire relation of the problems to the problem of the new mechanics and the formulation of general methods for solving them was brought to completion in the work of Newton and Leibnitz. This relationship was discovered because of the possibility, through the writing up thesis phd use of the african essays, analytic geometry, of making a graphical representation of the dependence of one variable on another.

In short, what is involved is the construction of a geometric model to describe relationships involving variable magnitudes. We next discuss the construction of a mathematical model for a particularly simple kind of motion. We will consider the motion of writing up thesis phd, a car along a straight road. The language of sets and general education rubric, functions provides a general way of phd, describing relationships between quantities, and in this case we can use this language in talking about a function from one set of general education rubric, real numbers to another. In order to define a numerical relationship, we can select a reference point on the road and a reference point in time. Then we can express the position of the car in terms of a real number, the distance of the car from the reference point, letting one direction be positive and writing phd, the other negative. This position only requires one number since the car is moving along a straight road, and similarly the time can be given by a single number, the elapsed time. We can abstract the situation a little further, by representing the car as a point moving along a straight line, whose position is given by a number expressing the distance and direction from the point to a fixed reference point, usually called the origin. Specifying the buy research position of the point at each instant in time is thus equivalent to defining a function from the set of all real numbers (representing time) to the set of all real numbers (representing position). The following questions are some of those which arise in this situation. If you know the function giving the position of car at each instant, can you give the function which describes its velocity at each instant?

If you know only the velocity at each instant, can you tell the distance traveled during a particular interval of time? If you know only the function giving the velocity at each instant, can you reconstruct the function giving the position at each instant? Answering the first question would be equivalent to giving a function listing the speedometer readings at each instant. Here we assume that we have a speedometer which gives both positive and writing up thesis, negative readings, depending on the direction of travel. The function describing the rate of change or velocity at each instant is called the derived function or simply the derivative of the original function.

Sometimes information about the motion of the essay questions car can be obtained more easily from the writing up thesis phd derived function than it can from the the african interpretive original function. For example, you could find out when the writing up thesis car is stationary by simply finding out when the derived function is zero. A positive value for the derivative indicates forward motion and a negative value indicates the reverse, so if you know that in a particular time interval the derivative is positive, then zero, and then negative, this tells you that the car was moving forward, then stopped and started moving backwards. The point of farthest advance during this interval can then be found by solving the equation obtained by setting the derived function equal to zero. The second problem was the following: Knowing only the velocity at each instant, find the distance traveled during a given time interval. If the velocity is constant, the problem can be solved rather easily, by multiplying the velocity by the amount of time. But in general situations, the velocity will be changing all the time, so this method will not work. General Education Thinking Rubric? If we could find an average value for the velocity, then we could just multiply this average value by the amount of time. Phd? The problem lies in essayer a faire, the fact that there are infinitely many readings of the writing up thesis phd speedometer involved, as given by the function describing the velocity, and familiar methods deal only with finding the essayer a faire qch average of a finite number of values.

In physical processes depending on time, there are normally only relatively small changes in the process during short intervals of times. Functions which have a similar property, that small changes in the independent variable produce only relatively small changes in the dependent variable, are called continuous functions. (We must make precise what we mean by ``relatively.) It can be shown that an writing up thesis phd average can be found for any continuous function, so that the methods we will develop will work win almost all physical situations. In fact, in many cases where the processes are discrete rather than continuous, continuous functions are used to approximate the process, and give good approximations in the large. For example, Newtonian physics describes motion of large numbers of particles, and continuous functions can be used, but for a more accurate model, for small numbers of particles, the discrete functions of quantum mechanics must be used. Othello Questions? Unfortunately we will meet continuous processes for writing phd, which it is impossible to talk about an instantaneous rate of change at qch, certain points. Integral calculus deals with this second problem. If the rate at which a process is writing phd, being carried out is known, and described analytically by a function, then the essayer number which gives the total outcome of the process during a particular time interval is writing phd, called the definite integral of this function, over buy research essays, the given interval of time. The third problem, where we are given a function describing the velocity of the car and are then asked to find a function giving its position at each instant, is investigated in the branch of analysis know as differential equations. Of course, if we know the answer to this question, we can answer the second one quite easily. This is a difficult area of study, but it is very important, since many physical situations can be described by giving simply equations involving rates of change.

An equation involving derivatives of a function is called a differential equation, and such equations often give the simplest statements of physical laws. For example, by solving a differential equation expressing the assumption that the only force acting on a planet is the gravitational attraction of the sun, and that this is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them, it is up thesis phd, possible to show that the planet must follow an elliptical path. This was one of the early triumphs of the techniques of calculus and differential equations. The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus connects the two areas of differential and integral calculus. It says that finding the education thinking rubric instantaneous rates of change of writing, a function and then averaging them gives the average rate of change of the function. It shows that the infinite processes used to essays online, define the instantaneous rate of change and average of a function lead to good definitions, at writing up thesis, least in the sense that you would certainly expect the above kind of online, connection. This and the other techniques of analyzing relationships describing variable magnitudes can be extended to higher dimensions. Functions of more than one variable arise naturally in industrial applications, where describing rates of writing phd, change and finding maximum and minimum values are extremely important. A general statement on mathematics.

Mathematics involves the essay questions construction and up thesis, study of abstract models of physical situations. A Faire? The construction of a model involves the selection of up thesis, a finite number of explicitly stated and precisely formulated premises. These assumptions are called axioms, and the study of the model then involves drawing conclusions from these fundamental assumptions, using as high a degree of buy research online, logical rigor as possible. The rigor of writing up thesis, mathematics is not absolute, but is rather in the process of william and mary essay, continual development. Euclid's axiomatization of geometry and his study of this model of writing phd, our spatial surroundings was accepted as completely rigorous for over two thousand years, even though a modern geometer could point out serious flaws in the logical development of the theory. The choice of the basic assumptions usually involves an oversimplification of the facts. Thus a mathematical model should only be viewed as the best statement of the known facts.

In many cases a model should be viewed as merely the most efficient, incorporating only enough assumptions to give a desired degree of accuracy in prediction. In an thinking area small in comparison to the total surface of the earth, plane geometry gives a good approximation for questions involving relationships of figures. As soon as the problems involve large distances, spherical geometry must be used as the model. Newtonian physics is good enough for many problems in writing phd, mechanics, and it is necessary to introduce the shakespeare othello questions additional assumptions of quantum mechanics only if much greater accuracy is needed. If any distinction at all is to be made between applied mathematics and theoretical mathematics, it is up thesis phd, perhaps at this point.

The applied mathematician is perhaps more involved with the construction of models, and must ask questions about the efficiency of the models, and must concern himself with how closely they approximate the real world. The theoretical mathematician is thinking rubric, concerned with developing the model, by investigating the implications of the basic assumptions or axioms. This is done by proving theorems. Of course, if a theorem is proved which is writing up thesis phd, obviously contrary to nature, it is clear to everyone concerned that the basic assumptions do not coincide with reality. The mathematician is also concerned with internal consistency of the models. In order to make logical deductions from the basic axioms, the language used must be extremely precise. This is done by making use of careful definitions, and symbols which are lifted out of the contexts of ordinary language in order to strip away ambiguity.

Much of the particular precision and clarity of mathematics is made possible by the african interpretive essays, its use of up thesis, formulas. The modern reader is usually unaware that this is an essayer qch achievement only of the past few centuries. For example, the signs + and - appeared in manuscripts for writing, the first time in 1481: parentheses first appeared in 1544; brackets and braces appeared essentially for the first time in 1593 in the works of Vieta; the sign = appeared in 1557; the modern way of writing powers was first used in 1637 by Decartes, but Gauss still wrote xx instead of x 2 in 1801. The motivation of the pure mathematician certainly comes partly from the applications of the theories he develops. But perhaps more than this, it comes from the joy of creating a theory of on jfk, particular simplicity, elegance and broad scope. It is certainly difficult to describe the beauty of a mathematical theory, but if one thoroughly understands the theory, it is not difficult to appreciate its beauty, if for no other reason than what it shows of the intellectual creativity of man. In defense of the theoretical mathematician, it must be said that a theory should not be judged on its applicability to presently known problems.

The history of mathematics is filled with examples of particular theories which seemed at the time to be mere intellectual exercises devoid of any relationship to physical problems, and which later were discovered to have important applications. One particularly impressive example is provided by non-Euclidean geometry, which arose from the efforts, extending for two thousand years from the time of writing, Euclid, to prove the a faire parallel axiom from Euclid's other, more obvious axioms. This seemed to be a matter of interest only to mathematicians. Even Lobacevskii, the founder of the new geometry, was careful to label it ``imaginary, since he could not see any meaning for it in the actual world. In spite of this, his ideas laid the foundation for a new development of geometry, namely the creation of theories of various non-Euclidean spaces. These ideas later became, in the hands of Einstein, the basis of the general theory of relativity, in which the mathematical model consists of a form of up thesis, non-Euclidean geometry of four-dimensional space. The generalizations and qch, abstractions of mathematics often seem at first to be strange and difficult.

But with the up thesis very general expansion of knowledge and theories, technology we are currently experiencing, it becomes necessary to identify and elucidate general underlying principles, in order to tie this information together. The language and concepts of mathematics help to phd, fill this need.