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The best closing statement for a cover letter is

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A Step by Step guide to Egyptian Mummification. The Best Closing For A Cover Letter. Mummification was mainly done to wealthy people as poorer people could not afford the process. The chief embalmer was a priest wearing a mask of Anubis. Anubis was the jackal headed god of the mesopitamia essay dead. He was closely associated with mummification and the best closing is, embalming, hence why priests wore a mask of Anubis.

Insert a hook through a hole near the nose and pull out part of the mesopitamia essay brain Make a cut on the left side of the body near the tummy Remove all internal organs Let the is internal organs dry Place the lungs, intestines, stomach and liver inside canopic jars Place the heart back inside the body Rinse inside of body with wine and spices Cover the corpse with natron (salt) for 70 days After 40 days stuff the body with linen or sand to give it a more human shape After the 70 days wrap the body from head to edd essay toe in bandages Place in a sarcophagus (a type of box like a coffin) If the person had been a Pharaoh, he would be placed inside his special burial chamber with lots of treasure! *To see a more detailed explanation of the mummification process, see another My Learning resource: Make me a mummy! Embalming tips. The Best Statement For A Cover Letter. To learn about an Egyptian tale of essay, how mummification started, see Osiris and Isis: The Origin of Mummification. The Best Closing Statement Is. Also look on the British Museum's Ancient Egypt website (see Related Links at the bottom of the page) for an illustrated guide to psychology the mummification process. At Harrogate Museums and Arts we run a hands on mummification session on our mummy doll. Learning article provided by: Royal Pump Room Museum | Posted by fashionprincess on 01/05/2017. really helped with my Egypt assignment. Posted by Logan on 07/04/2017. Justus look at step 6. Posted by ghawi on 31/03/2017. this ultimately helped thank you alot. Posted by ashley sanchez paz on 27/03/2017. thank you so much this will help me on my gate project and by the way don't listen to all those haters. Posted by Justus on 22/03/2017.

Your wrong on one step the heart was never taken out it was left behind in the body. Posted by Lisa on 16/03/2017. I really needed this for my social studies hw. I'll probably get an F like Matt:') Posted by Missy on 04/03/2017. This page really helped with my school assignment! Thank you. Posted by Christian on 02/03/2017. Thank you very much.

Posted by dyllan on 21/02/2017. awesome site helped me with my project. Posted by zack m on 16/02/2017. thank you so much i will be using this website for my project and other projects i will be doing. Posted by Matt on 14/02/2017. Thanks i needed this for my egyptian project. :) fyi i got an F. Posted by andrea on 13/02/2017. thank you very much i needed to do a biografy on king tut and statement cover, this is perfect. For Class. Posted by Leeza on 10/02/2017. Thank you, I needed this for school ;) Posted by Sayiajin7 on 07/02/2017. This helped me do my Egyptian end of unit test alot.

Posted by billy on 07/02/2017. thank you, I needed that for school. Posted by kristiana on 02/02/2017. OMG thanks my teachers love this and this is the only site i can trust. I now use this for EVERYTHING. Anyways if you are wondering if you can trust this site i guarantee you can. Thanks again really helps. Posted by Elijah on 31/01/2017. It was helpful. I needed it for a school project. Posted by Tommy on 21/01/2017. Thank u very much.

Posted by John on 21/01/2017. The Best Statement For A. Posted by rachel on 13/01/2017. r we sopesed to do this// After the 2 70 days wrap the body from head to toe in bandages. Posted by joe michelle on 10/01/2017. Posted by closing statement cover letter, Xander on 06/01/2017. This website was very helpful in my report. Posted by Leo Zheng on 05/01/2017. SO HELPFUL FOR MY REPORT THNX M8 l0l. Posted by edd essay, quincy on 04/01/2017. Posted by Alex Proshkin on 16/12/2016. Posted by Cameron Collins 5th grade student on 02/12/2016.

This was helpful not for a paper. Posted by awesome on 01/12/2016. Posted by Leah Brackett on 30/11/2016. The Best Closing Cover. this was very very helpful for for class 2 my paper thank u. Posted by closing statement for a letter is, Madisen on 27/11/2016. This was a huge help. Posted by brooklynn conner on 16/11/2016. This was a lot of help thank u. Posted by zac anthony on 22/08/2016. thx so much this website is great.

Posted by josh hutchinson on 22/08/2016. nice information thx a lot. Posted by Andrew Rowe on 17/08/2016. This is some good material. Posted by jack on 22/06/2016. Posted by Lequisha on 10/05/2016. So useful, I was really inspired by your work.

Please contact me when you have put out more information! This was amazing. Posted by My Learning on 06/04/2016. Thanks Jemma! If you click on edd essay, the link (at the bottom of the page) to the British Museum's Ancient Egypt website, you can see images of the cover mummification process. Posted by Jemma on 05/04/2016. Helped alot but need's more detail and maybe some pics. Posted by Tiki waka on 23/03/2016. Thanks helped a lot. Posted by Izzy on 14/03/2016. Thanks for the help.

Posted by Kitara on 20/10/2015. Thanks for the help. Essay. Posted by Hate prodjects on 19/08/2015. Helped a lot on my Egyptian assignment! Thanx for the information. Posted by ihihiih on 15/07/2015. thanks helped alot.

Posted by anime on 10/06/2015. i love anime thanks. Posted by brodie on 04/06/2015. Posted by Katrina on 01/06/2015. Thanks, I have an assessment due next week and the information provided helped out extremely . Thanks for the help! Posted by Homework kills me. on 31/05/2015. This site was a huge help when we had to hand in a project on Egyptian mummification and the afterlife, Thanks a lot! Posted by Hailee on 24/05/2015. The Best Statement Cover Letter Is. All I came on here for is to see the steps. Posted by Herall smith on 20/05/2015. I have a project due. it help so much.

Posted by Chuckles the Clown on 16/05/2015. Attention And Juliet Essay. I have a project due this week about anicent egyptians this site helped alot! :D. Posted by lachlan on 16/05/2015. i have 9 assessments due next week. Posted by lachlan on statement for a cover is, 16/05/2015. awesome helped me alot with assessments. Posted by Hayden braun on 04/05/2015.

Posted by louis bleyen on 27/04/2015. Posted by Bob He on essay for class 2, 26/04/2015. this is great it helped heaps for an assignment in history. :) Posted by Katie-Rose on 16/04/2015. It's not true there are only 7 steps. Posted by Accaaci on 01/04/2015. this is a very amazing website it help me on a project. also it helped me learn more about mummies. Closing For A Cover Is. Thank You. Posted by edd essay, Rara12345 on 27/03/2015. Helped me a lot with my history assignment.

Posted by hannah on 18/03/2015. omg eww but cool mummies rock. Posted by Krabby patties are awesome on 12/03/2015. Very good website I'm learning ancient Egypt and this helped a lot on mummification. Posted by Looly on 10/03/2015. I copied this for my homework for school! Thanx. Posted by Cheenus Willard on 10/03/2015. Posted by grace l. on 02/03/2015. I think this is a great website. The Best Closing For A Cover Is. I really liked the information.

I am writing a research paper and this really helped. Posted by homework, john on 25/02/2015. This website is awesome like everybody is saying here. I agree with all of u! :) Posted by i dont know on 23/02/2015. i used it for school. Posted by Kyra on 23/02/2015. Very helpful but I thought that the brain wasnt connected to the nose. Posted by Yousef El Habashy on 13/02/2015. This is the most useful information i'v ever seen on mummification. Posted by Amari Reid on 01/02/2015.

This is a good source to use. Posted by samuel.lee on 28/01/2015. gross, but helps me on my project. The Best Statement For A Cover Letter Is. Posted by shakari smith on 11/01/2015. this is a useful informational source. Posted by Caroline on 06/01/2015. Extremely gross but very helpful! Posted by PoorlyDrawnLines on 17/12/2014. Mesopitamia. This is a very useful website!

As a 6th grader, this helped a lot when I was doing my video project o mummification! I would love to see more of your work, keep it up! Posted by pickle on 11/12/2014. For A Is. this is gross but helpful. Posted by 1234 on 11/12/2014. This very useful :) Posted by Amelia on psychology dissertation, 06/12/2014. Great as for homework. Posted by krytal on 05/12/2014. omg this is so helpful thanks. Posted by india e on 25/11/2014. As a 6th grader like me thats learning about statement cover letter is, Aincent Egypt,mummification,and embalming this REALLY helps!

Posted by Ethan on 24/11/2014. very helpful for ancient egypt essay+speech. Posted by Elijah Ellis on 18/11/2014. Nice love it thanks. Posted by Greg on 11/11/2014.

Posted by Zoe Hoffman on punctuality essay for class 2, 11/11/2014. its amazing thanks! Posted by shyanne on 08/11/2014. Posted by Caitlin on 04/11/2014. This website is very helpful and gross. Posted by lily on 04/11/2014. This was super helpful for the best letter my la class 5 paragraph easy on mummifaacation. Posted by benjamen on 04/11/2014. this is soo cool. Posted by My Learning team on 27/10/2014. Thanks very much Elle. We're glad you found this resource helpful!

Posted by ILoveTKD on 27/10/2014. Posted by Elle on 27/10/2014. This website is attention grabber for romeo essay so awesome. It puts the mummification process into easy words, but it describes mummification in detail. If there are hard words, this website explains them well. Posted by Julia on 22/10/2014. This is very helpful. Thank you! Posted by woldo on 16/10/2014.

Posted by roby on 16/10/2014. Posted by letter is, Roby on 16/10/2014. This helped a lot thanks. Posted by for class 2, Raquel on 14/10/2014. This was good but was not vey specific. Posted by Connor on 13/10/2014. This was very helpful thank you. Posted by Saami on the best closing for a cover letter is, 07/10/2014.

Cool helped a lot on my homework. Posted by Chris on 05/10/2014. This helped alot. Posted by ianna on 05/10/2014. Attention. Thanks alot it helped with my homework :) Posted by justin pugh on 27/09/2014. helped a lot on statement cover letter is, my project.

Posted by kate on 03/09/2014. Thank you heaps man on this article! It really helped with my assignment for history! Posted by for class 2, sarah on 12/06/2014. thanks this helped heaps for my presentation thank you. Posted by john on 30/03/2014. it is really good. bravo. Posted by for a cover is, Courtney on 11/03/2014.

Most of its wrong you don't take the heart out of the body!! Nn. Posted by section, Vicky My Learning Team on 26/02/2014. Thank you Bailey for your helpful comment. We have corrected our use of the word coffin.

Posted by Bailey on 26/02/2014. Ancient Egyptians used sarcophaguses not coffins. Posted by I LOVE YOU on 21/02/2014. Closing For A. This work of literature has very good info. Mesopitamia Essay. I appreciate how it is step by step.

Lots of websites don't have this! Thanks so much for helping me with my Egyptian essay! P.S. the other writers leaving comments need to statement letter is work on their literature. Child Homework Desk. Posted by closing for a cover is, francessca on 21/02/2014. this was not very well informed. will not be using this info for my project. Posted by BAILEY on 20/02/2014.

WOW WOW WOW HELP FOLL FOR ME AND I MIT SHOW MY CLASS. Posted by Jazzy on 19/02/2014. We're doing an essay on Ancient Egypt, and I learned a lot of cool things from this. : ) Posted by boby on 12/02/2014. Posted by lola on 31/01/2014. this really helped me .its really helpful. Posted by attention for romeo essay, swagger on the best statement is, 30/01/2014. wow this is so cool omg yeah wow. Mesopitamia. This info was great and I got a B-. YAAAY. Posted by Ryan truax on 29/01/2014. Posted by myla on 29/01/2014. i can't thank u all so much , it's just so cool.

Posted by myla on 29/01/2014. thanks for helping me enhance my story with great information! you are cool and awesome . Posted by mookie on 26/01/2014. this is awesome thanx you guys helped me with my report. Posted by Aidan on 20/01/2014. Posted by Rodney on 15/01/2014. Posted by David Gido Park on 06/01/2014. need more detail. Posted by the best closing statement for a, bronwyn on 02/01/2014. It helped me with some stuff cos i'm doing a project but ADD MORE DETAIL PLZ! Posted by Soph on 29/12/2013. I am doing a project so it helped a little, but add more detail. Posted by Caleb on 12/12/2013. Cool but more details. Posted by maria z on 12/12/2013. it helped me on this thing but it doesnt have detail.

Posted by Bryant.r on 11/12/2013. Thanks,this is a BIG in my project!But needs a little more details in number 3. Posted by free wilson on 09/12/2013. this is good..it helped me on attention grabber for romeo and juliet essay, my project..the only for a is problem i have is thatt it has no details,still. thank you. Posted by Jadon Clay on 07/12/2013. This is the best website ever. Thx it helped me with my essay/project. Posted by Jalen on 05/12/2013. This website helped alot thanks soo much for ur help. Posted by Hannah Williamson on 25/11/2013. This website helped me so much with my mummification project. Posted by francis on 22/11/2013.

i love this website it helped me with my mummifying essay. Posted by bobby on 21/11/2013. this website has helped me so much. Posted by Fiona on 16/11/2013. OMG!! This has helped me so much! Do more! Posted by Jessie Curpia-Koan on 12/11/2013. Thanks a million! I've been doing a Egypt report for about 1 1/2 week.

Thanks for your help! I totally passed the test! Posted by thesis apa style, Michael on 08/11/2013. Yeah, it also does need more description, but I found it on some other websites. Posted by Michael on 08/11/2013.

Dude I have a project due next monday and this helped alot thanks dude. Posted by bob Jones on 08/11/2013. This helped a little but i need a more descriptive step by step process. Posted by Curtis la douceur on 06/11/2013. Posted by the best statement is, Rockey blue on 06/11/2013. This is the best place if have a project and it is due the next day. Posted by writing, karine on 04/11/2013. nothing can be grosser then that honest!! Posted by sophia lynch on the best statement letter is, 04/11/2013. I would not want to be mummified this is so gross.

Posted by ryry on 03/11/2013. Posted by Jimbob on 31/10/2013. Thesis Statement. Posted by gerald on 24/10/2013. this is so crazy and closing statement for a cover is, gross i cant believe it. Posted by stacey on 24/10/2013. I love this website but it has really gross stuff. Posted by stacey on 24/10/2013. this is so gross.

Posted by marleny on 24/10/2013. this is mesopitamia awesome it help my girl with her Egypt project. Posted by paige on 20/10/2013. The Best Closing For A Is. i think this was good. it helped and was a step step process. Posted by Hi dad on grabber and juliet essay, 10/10/2013. Posted by anonymous on for a, 09/10/2013. you people need to desk give like a more discriptive step by step guide for this. it hardly helped me on my project. BE MORE DISCRIPTIVE!!

Posted by Lizr on closing statement for a, 03/10/2013. This didn't help much because it doesn't say what spices. Posted by writing thesis apa style, lukas on 01/10/2013. Posted by Bob jenkins on 24/09/2013. THX SOOOO MUCH it hlelped me so much in the best closing statement, my egyptology assignmant. Posted by willis on 18/09/2013.

It help me make a human mummy. Posted by epic dude on 16/09/2013. It helps me with my homework thank you so much. Posted by Egyptian Homework Worrier on 11/09/2013. You guys are AWESOME u helped HEAPS with my assignment. Posted by alex chambers on 21/08/2013. this is great for section assignments on the process of mummification big thanx mate good on ya bro.

Posted by Laiba Wahab on 11/07/2013. It helps in my homework. thankyou. Posted by sammy on 24/06/2013. this really helped with my homework thank you! Posted by closing for a cover letter, THE JANITOR on 21/06/2013. I love this! It helped me with homework! Thanks! Posted by andrew hueson on 05/06/2013. This website helped me not do any extra homework.This is awesome! Posted by jasmine on 20/05/2013. Thanks a lot really needed it for my big project this made it such a breeze.

Posted by Ninja on 16/05/2013. This helped alot with my homework! Thanks! Posted by irakaur on 16/05/2013. Essay For Class. thank a lot even i got it as a homework god i must say it is very hard to find out about mummification. Posted by man2 on 13/05/2013.

Posted by jessie on 11/05/2013. thanks theat helped a lot with my homework on mummification :) Posted by lola on for a cover is, 09/05/2013. Psychology Dissertation Discussion Section. great website love it . Posted by sully on 08/05/2013. Posted by CaMdEnSnAt on 08/05/2013. Thanks a billion i got full marks thanks to this website ! Posted by jennifer on 24/04/2013. I have a Huge project due. You helped a Lot THANK U! Posted by jojoma on 18/04/2013.

THIS HELPED ME SO MUCH. I would not of understood my home work with u. THANK U! THANK U! Posted by Kat1234 on 15/04/2013. thanks it me helped a bit but it should explain it more. Posted by Rebecca on 11/04/2013. Helped me loads on a project. Posted by Worgen on 02/04/2013. Thanks so much helped me a lot on project! Posted by antonio on 05/03/2013. there has to be more steps but thanks. Posted by maria on 05/03/2013. thank you for the steps.

Posted by Lucien on the best closing cover letter is, 03/03/2013. Thanks helped so much with my project. Posted by Duncan Cassidy on 25/02/2013. I thought the for class 2 heart wasnt taken out the best closing, because it was thought to hold the person's feelings and soul. Posted by Duncan Cassidy on 25/02/2013. Thanks i can finish my school project now. Posted by Rachel smith on 12/02/2013. Thank you so much know I can finally finish my paper it help a lot oh and what about the makeup I'm really curious. Posted by alice on 30/01/2013.

really helpful thanks. Posted by anonymous on 15/01/2013. Child. Posted by Nathan Dank on closing statement for a cover letter is, 29/11/2012. what about the makeup used to make the edd essay face look not so pale. Posted by nene on 13/11/2012. First, his body is taken to the tent known as 'ibu' or the 'place of purification'. There the embalmers wash his body with good-smelling palm wine and rinse it with water from the Nile. Posted by PIPER on 21/05/2012. and they rub the body with oils. Posted by Dori on 02/05/2012.

yeah the the best statement cover weighing of the attention grabber essay heart is a part of the test to get into closing statement, the after world. Posted by tinkerbell on 29/04/2012. they forgot to say that thay send someone like a messender boy to tell everone of the edd essay pharaoh deaf. Posted by chan on 16/04/2012. first they would announce the death of someone. Posted by Maria B. on 11/03/2012. They forgot the weighing of the the best closing letter is heart! That is very important so you know how many things to child homework hold the mummy in!

Posted by the best statement for a, serena on 05/03/2012. this is a cool one. Posted by edd essay, Daisy s. on 24/02/2012. today i learned,they took the brain out,first they had to for a is break the nose, and edd essay, then pull out the brian with a hook bit by bit. The Egyptians thought they have gotten all of it because they have thought the brain was useless. The Best Closing Statement. They were finished with the brain with about 6 to 8 little chunks.*i have more* Posted by christina on 03/02/2012. Posted by My Learning on 03/02/2012.

Hello! Quite a few of you have asked for mesopitamia more explanation on mummification so we have added a link (right at the bottom of this page) to the British Museum's illustrated guide on their Ancient Egypt website. Have a look - it's excellent! Let us know what you think. Posted by HLK12cutesie on 02/02/2012. You could have at least explained the steps like for example, 1. Took out brain using brain hook.. (and how they did it) I'm not saying you explained it horribly, but I'm just saying maybe it could be like that so people can understand it more. Posted by big-h on 26/01/2012. you havent explained why they mummified people very well it could have been more detailed. Posted by Camila G. on for a cover, 24/01/2012. I asked for explanation in psychology section, the process.

I didn't recieve that. Add an explanation to the process. Posted by TAMIM on 08/11/2011. I want more details about the best letter, this mummification. Posted by sabrina lee on 05/11/2011. Can i get this instruction with pictures please. Posted by punctuality essay for class, halima on 04/11/2011. my class is going to the museum and were going to the best closing statement cover see the rosseta stone.

Posted by tayler cox on 14/09/2011. when was it build. Posted by tayler cox on 14/09/2011. i thought that the museum was really like wow. Posted by ruby on 01/08/2011. Posted by anosha khalid on 30/01/2011. a very help ful site for mummyfication.my teacher love that process of mine.which i have copied it from this page. thanks a lot!

Posted by punctuality essay 2, gabrielle jefferson on 27/07/2010. THIS WAS THE MOST HELPFUL SITE TO MUMMIFICATION. THANKS A TONNE! Posted by Bob Green on 31/05/2010. Posted by closing letter is, Anthony Holmes on 18/05/2010. According to practical research by Bob Brier it is impossible to Pull the brain through the nose. The brain matter is too insubstantial. It is proposed that the hook was inserted through the nasal cavity and the brain Whisked up until it was liquid enough to drain out through the nose when the body was inverted. Rather gruesome but there you are! Posted by jhgfd on 09/05/2010. very helpful for my egypt assignmentg.

Posted by 1234512345 on 12/04/2010. very helpful great step by step process just what I needed for my project. My Learning are not responsible for attention grabber for romeo essay the content on any external site. From Mok the gorilla to the best closing statement for a cover letter Viking rings - fascinating objects from around the world. Copyright My Learning 2017. All Rights Reserved.

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patents in resume This application claims the benefit of closing statement cover is Provisional Application No. 60/215,709, filed Jul. Punctuality Essay For Class 2. 03, 2000. FIELD OF INVENTION. This invention relates generally to the field of the best statement for a cover database management and, specifically, to the management of section resumes received by employers. BACKGROUND OF INVENTION. Employers have long been confronted with the problem of how to manage the closing statement for a is receipt of resumes from persons seeking employment with the employer. This problem becomes even greater as the employer's business starts expanding, causing its need for more employees to increase.

Similarly, as the number of employees increases, the employee attrition rate will normally increase, giving rise to the need to hire new employees. Recently, several database management companies have developed and are marketing computer based systems that attempt to manage the inflow of resumes in order to enable the employer to more efficiently process the resumes and the information contained in the resumes. These resume database managers typically create extensive databases for an employer that are used to organize the resume information or content into essay, various categories, which may be related to employment positions which need to be filled, or may be archived so that the the best statement for a letter is applicant's resume information can be retrieved at some later time when the need arises. Although the resume database managers perform their resume management functions quite well, a significant limitation in their usefulness is that the resumes' content must be manually inputted into writing thesis apa style, the computer based system by a data entry person who enters the information contained within the resume into a resume data entry form. This limitation arises due to the fact that resumes are not organized or formatted in the same manner, and the type and extent of information included within resumes varies considerably. The data entry limitation has become even more significant now that large volumes of the best statement for a both solicited and unsolicited resumes are received by employers over the Internet every day.

At the present time, there are over a hundred different Internet Job Board sites that job seekers can use to create and post a resume on-line and to send the resume over the Internet to a prospective employer who is identified on the site. Since each Job Board site requires the job applicant to create his/her resume using the desk Job Board's resume format, a certain amount of resume format consistency has been established on the Internet. However, since each of the Job Boards have created their own proprietary resume format, there is no uniformity as between the numerous Job Board sites. It is the goal of the present invention to overcome the data entry limitations of the resume based data management systems. SUMMARY OF INVENTION. The present invention comprises a computer based system and method for creating a standardized or normalized resume format, extracting information from the normalized resume, and automatically inputting the information into a resume database management system. Initially, a parcel identifier database is statement for a cover letter is, created based upon essay the different types of Internet Job Board resume formats being used. It has been determined that each Job Board resume format contains a unique piece of information or character sequence referred to in this Specification as a “parcel identifier” which can be used to identify a particular resume as having been created using a specific Job Board.

Accordingly, the the best cover letter is parcel identifier database is created by storing in the memory of the computer system a list of unique parcel identifiers. Further, each parcel identifier in the database is associated with a unique Job Board resume template, also stored in a Job Board database. In this regard, it has also been determined that each Job Board resume's format can be identified or characterized by certain keywords and certain information associated with a specific keyword. As a result, each unique Job Board template is attention grabber and juliet essay, predetermined or created by specifying a list of keywords and associating one or more resume field names with each keyword. The keyword identifies a specific resume heading or subheading (e.g., “Education”) and one or more possible field names (e.g., “High School,” “College,” and “Degree”) are associated with the information or content contained within the heading or subheading. The possible resume field names will correlate to the specific field names that the database management system assigns to the best for a is the same information. Once the parcel identifier database has been created, the system's computer program is ready to process resumes that are received by an employer from a Job Board. The program searches each line of the resume to determine if any character sequence within a line matches a parcel identifier in the parcel identifier database. If a match is found, the program also identifies from the database the specific Job Board resume template which corresponds to the specific resume being processed. At this point, the system's program “normalizes” the resume by mapping it into the resume template such that for writing statement apa style, each section of resume content following a heading or subheading, one or more fieldnames are associated with the resume content.

The final steps of the present invention involve the program's extraction of the correct information from the normalized resume and having the program enter the information into the correct field locations within the information management database. The program accomplishes this task by transferring the information or content associated with a fieldname from the normalized resume to the same field within the information management database. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic illustration of the general system and method of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a flow chart of the normalization process for a formatted Job Board resume. FIG. 3 is a continued flow chart of the normalization process for a formatted Job Board resume.

FIG. 4 is a flow chart for an unformatted resume normalization process. FIG. 5 is an illustration of the transfer of resume content to a resume database. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION.

FIG. 1 generally describes the the best statement computer based system and method of the present invention. Initially, at step 1 , a resume is obtained which contains a plurality of and juliet headings and subheadings which introduce the resume's content or information which relates to the heading. The resume may be either a formatted Job Board resume or an unformatted resume. At step 2 , the resume is inputted into a computer system, either by scanning in a paper copy of the resume in order to closing letter create a digital copy or by simply obtaining a digital copy over an electronic network, such as the Internet. The system's program also, at this step, retrieves an attention for romeo, appropriate resume template.

The template contains keywords which correspond to the resume's headings or subheadings, and at statement for a cover letter, least one fieldname which corresponds to the content within a heading. In general terms, the system's program uses the essay template in order to map or associate the appropriate resume content to the appropriate fieldname. The Best Closing Statement Cover Letter Is. The details of the mapping or association process, which are illustrated in FIGS. 2 , 3 and 4 , are referred to in the punctuality 2 present invention as the “normalization” of the resume, which is illustrated at step 3 . After normalization has been completed, step 4 illustrates a normalized resume which contains content (shown in closing cover letter, the figure as content which is in italics) that has now been associated to unique fieldnames. Finally, step 5 depicts the transfer of the content from the normalized resume to attention an information management database where the content is stored in predetermined locations within the database. Referring now to FIGS. The Best Closing Statement For A Cover. 2 , 3 and 4 which illustrate the resume normalization process in and juliet essay, detail. As shown in FIG. 2 , input to the best closing statement the system includes data from child homework desk, a parcel identifier database 10 , a linguistic database 15 and a fieldname list database 20 . The parcel identifier database 10 contains a list of unique character sequences or “parcel identifiers” which are used by the system to identify a specific type of Job Board resume which is to the best closing statement for a cover be normalized. Child. The list of parcel identifiers is further separated into sublists of parcel identifiers which are applicable to a specific language. The linguistic database 15 contains a list of unique character sequences or “linguistic identifiers” which are similarly used by the best closing for a letter is, the system to punctuality essay 2 identify the Job Board resume's language.

Finally, the fieldname list database 20 contains a list of unique fieldnames that the program associates with resume content. At step 25 , the computer system loads the parcel identifiers, linguistic identifiers and the best, the fieldname list into the computer's memory. Psychology Dissertation Discussion. At step 30 , the system's program displays to the operator the list of the best closing for a letter is fieldnames that were stored in memory at step 30 , and the operator, who is operating the statement computer display device, keyboard and the best for a letter is, mouse, uses the keyboard or mouse to select each resume fieldname from the list which corresponds to the content within a resume that the operator wants to extract and transfer to an information management database. Additionally, the operator may identify the resume's language. At step 45 , the computer system's program determines whether the resume's language has been predetermined by the operator. If the language is known, program control proceeds to step 60 . If the language is attention for romeo and juliet, not determined, the closing is system's program at step 50 searches the resume to determine whether it contains any character sequences that match one or more linguistic identifiers, and the program counts the number of matches which are located for each linguistic identifier. At step 55 , the resume's language is then determined by mesopitamia, selecting the statement cover is language which corresponds to the linguistic identifier which has the largest match count, and program control proceeds to child desk step 60 . At step 60 , the computer's program searches the resume to determine if it contains a character sequence which matches a parcel identifier in the language previously identified. If at closing statement for a, step 65 a parcel identifier match is found, the system's program utilizes the parcel identifier, at step 70 , to identify the attention for romeo essay resume template, from the closing for a template database 75 , which is associated with the punctuality resume, and stores the resume template in the best cover, memory. For each specific Job Board resume format, the template database 75 contains a template which comprises a list of template keywords and template fieldnames.

The template keywords correspond to a resume heading or subheading (e.g., “Name,” “Address,” “Education” and “Experience”) and are used to locate the beginning of psychology dissertation section specific resume content. The template fieldnames correspond to the resume's content which follows and relates to a heading or subheading (e.g., “Susan B. Anthony” following the keyword “Name”; and “35 Tweed Terrace, Santa Cruz, Calif. 92301” following the keyword “Address”). The template fieldnames are used to normalize the resume by identifying the specific portions of the resume's content which is to be extracted and transferred to an information management database. For each Job Board resume, a corresponding Job Board template associates one or more template fieldnames to each keyword, and each fieldname, as described above, is associated with specific resume content. The template may be illustrated as follows: Now, turning to closing for a letter FIG. 3 , the system's program performs a repetitive process, illustrated in the figure as a loop between the start of the loop at 80 A and the end of the loop at 80 B. The first time through the loop the program searches the dissertation resume, at step 85 , for the first template keyword (i.e., “keyword 1(1) ”).

Once the statement for a letter is template keyword is found, then at step 95 the program locates the punctuality essay 2 resume's content which follows and relates to the best statement cover letter is the keyword and associates the desk content to one or more template fieldnames (i.e., fieldname 1(1) fieldname 1(2) . . . fieldname 1(p) ). For example, if there is one template fieldname (i.e., “fieldname 1(1) ”) associated with the first keyword, then the closing letter program associates all of the content with the fieldname. If the attention grabber essay template contains two or more fieldnames, then the program applies certain rules in order to the best for a cover is locate the essay appropriate content to be associated with each fieldname. One rule is letter, that if the content consists of only punctuality for class 2 two words, then the first word is associated with the the best closing statement first template fieldname and the second word is associated with the second template fieldname. Another rule is dissertation section, that if one or more commas separate character sequences from the best closing statement cover, adjacent character sequences, each separate character sequence is consecutively associated with a consecutive template fieldname. For example, fieldname 1(1) is associated with a first character sequence, fieldname (2) is associated with a second character sequence and fieldname 1(3) is associated with a third character sequence. Another rule is that if there are more template fieldnames than character sequences, then the first fieldnames are associated with consecutive character sequences, and apa style, the extra fieldnames are left empty. The Best Closing For A Is. Finally, if there are more character sequences than there are template fieldnames, then the program deletes the shortest character sequence and determines if the number of fieldnames then matches the statement number of character sequences. Closing Statement Cover Letter Is. If the number of character sequences still exceeds the number of template fieldnames, the for class deletion process continues until a match is made. Once the the best statement for a cover first template keyword (i.e., “keyword 1 ”) and its associated template fieldnames and grabber and juliet essay, each fieldname's content has been identified, the the best for a cover letter data is edd essay, stored at step 100 in a normalized resume table 105 as follows: Program control then passes to the end of the loop at step 80 B where the the best closing letter program determines if any additional template keywords need to be searched. If more keywords exist, the program returns to the start of the homework desk loop at 80 A and repeats the the best statement for a letter process described above until all keywords and each keyword's associated fieldnames and edd essay, each fieldname's content has been identified and stored in the Normalized Resume Table 105 . At step 110 , the system's program selects each template fieldname that matches a fieldname that was identified by the operator at 30 in closing statement cover is, FIG.

1 , and the program automatically associates the thesis template fieldname's content to the resume fieldname that was selected by the operator as described in statement for a, FIG. 1 . Child. Then at step 120 , the content associated with each resume fieldname is transferred to a database record which is stored in memory at 125 . The database record is designed to correctly interface with a resume database 135 . Closing Letter. Next, at step 130 , the database record containing the appropriate content is output to the resume database 135 . Returning to and juliet essay FIG. 2 , if at step 65 the system's program is not able to locate a parcel identifier within the closing for a resume, control passes to the process illustrated in FIG. Essay. 4 . At step 150 , a default resume template is created from the the best cover letter is Job Board resume templates which are stored in essay, the template database. The system's program identifies a group of keywords from the Job Board resume templates that have the same template fieldnames. For example, the keywords “Name” and “Name and the best statement, Address” would constitute a single keyword group because each keyword within the group has the same template fieldname; similarly, the keywords “Education” and “College Education” would comprise another group. In this manner, the dissertation default resume template's keyword contains a group of several possible keywords.

The system's program next performs a repetitive process or loop commencing at step 155 A and ending at step 155 B. At step 160 , the closing letter program searches the resume for dissertation discussion section, a character sequence that matches one of the keywords within the first group of closing statement is keywords. If at step 165 a match is essay for class 2, found, the program proceeds to step 170 where it associates the resume's content, which follows and relates to the group of keywords, with one or more fieldnames. The process and rules which are applied are identical to that described above in connection with FIG. 3 , except that at step 165 the closing statement letter is program determines if a keyword is located. If a keyword is found, the process continues to steps 170 , 175 and to grabber for romeo the end of the loop. If a keyword is not found, control passes immediately to the end of the loop. Similarly, at step 175 , the content which has been identified and associated with each fieldname is stored in the normalized resume table 105 . Once all keyword groups have been utilized to locate matching character sequences, program control passes to step 180 A- 180 B where the program attempts to identify content that has not been associated with a fieldname. This process is carried out by determining if: 1) the content contains a sequence of characters or a “field locator” which matches a predetermined character sequence; or 2) the content is located at the top of the resume. The predetermined character sequence may be any sequence of characters that are normally found within a resume.

For example, the words “Street,” “Avenue,” “Boulevard,” “Terrace” or “Lane” and the abbreviations “St.,” “Ave.,” “BI.,” “Terr.,” and “Ln.” are normally set forth in the address portion of a resume. Similarly, five (5) sequential numbers normally would be a zip code. The Best For A Is. Accordingly, at step 190 , the program searches for a field locator. Mesopitamia. If at step 195 the closing statement letter field locator is writing, found, then at step 200 , the program associates a default template fieldname to all of the the best cover content which appears before the sequence and immediately after the applicant's name in accordance with certain rules. For example, the applicant's name is psychology discussion, recognized by locating on one line two words, two words separated by a single letter, three words, or the characters “Mr.,” “Mrs.,” “Ms.,” or the like. And, the program stores all of the content after the sequence until a line break. And, second, if the statement for a letter is content appears at the top of the resume page, the program associates a default fieldname with the applicant's name. If at 195 no field locator is found, control passes to the end of the loop. At step 205 , the content and its associated default template fieldname is stored in the normalized resume table, and control returns to the top of the loop. The process continues until, at step 195 , no field locator is found and control is returned to the end of the loop at 180 B. At this point, the program executes steps 110 through 130 set forth in FIG. 3 , where the resume fieldnames that were selected by the operator are matched with the default template fieldname and edd essay, the resume content is output to the resume database 135 . FIG.

5 presents an example of the present invention from the closing statement for a letter vantage point of an operator who is using the invention's computer program in order to process resumes received by an employer. Once the resume has been stored in the memory of the employer's computer system, the operator initiates the normalization process by punctuality, inputting a predetermined command which instructs the computer to execute the closing statement for a normalization process. The resume on the left side of the figure is the resume after it has been normalized, with the normalization illustrated by showing the textual content in italics. The right side of the figure shows that the content has been automatically transferred to the resume database. While the present invention has been described with reference to for romeo and juliet essay a few embodiments, the description is illustrative of the statement letter invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention.

Various modifications may occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by edd essay, the appended claims.

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The best closing statement for a cover …

Reasons Why Autumn Is the Best Season. Fall is my favorite season. All the leaves from the trees and plants change into multi-colored works of art and closing statement cover, fall away. It creates bare, and vulnerable branches, revealing the true scenery underneath. It also represents a beautiful cycle of loss, regeneration and regrowth once the spring season comes around. The dead leaves and branches on the ground disintegrate and turn into mesopitamia part of the soil, which are used as seeds and fertilizer later once the cold welcomes the warmer weather.

There are many reasons why I love fall and why I think it's the statement for a cover letter best season, but here are just a few. In the southern part of the United States, all the seasons are very apparent. The spring season is attention for romeo and juliet very green, the the best summer is very hot, the winter very cold and the fall is full of magnificent colors. The maple trees are especially vibrant with colors of child desk red, golden yellow and combinations of both. When I was younger we called them tree stars from the movie Land Before Time and to this day they are my favorite trees when the season changes. This season is perfect for taking beautiful scenic photos and spending time outdoors. Nothing can relax and rejuvenate more than enjoying nature and the best closing statement cover letter, the surrounding scenery. With cooler temperatures rolling in, saying goodbye to summer and hello to fall is attention grabber not a hard thing to do.

It's a great time to the best statement for a break out the jackets, coats, boots, scarves and 2, hats in preparation for the change in season. It's also the perfect time to start making hot cocoa, and lighting a fire in the best closing cover, the fireplace. This season creates a sense of comfort, warmth and reflection. It's a great time to writing apa style go camping, fishing, go on a road trip or anything else where you can spend quality time with family and eat good food. I like the closing statement for a cover letter fall, I like the night owl's. And wailing sound.

I like the gray. And bare, dead boughs. That coldly sway. Against my pane. I like the rain. And laugh at it. My cozy fire a bit. I like the fall. The mist and all. author, Dixie Willson.

Fall was my mother's favorite season, and every year when it rolls around it creates a flood of writing thesis apa style memories and the best cover is, reminds me of the beautiful person she was. She used to quote this poem from Dixie Willson, all the time, but even more so when the autumn was in full swing. It's one of the many things I learned from thesis apa style, her when I was young, that poems have a way of capturing your soul and uncovering a deeper connection within yourself. Her demeanor changed when the weather started getting cooler, she would spend more and more time outdoors. She had a sense of the best closing for a cover peace and grabber and juliet essay, thankfulness that I hope to convey to those around me. Autumn is one of the for a letter is most packed holiday seasons.

There's the punctuality 2 back to school rush, Halloween, Thanksgiving and of course Christmas. But it's not just full of regular holidays, these are all very involved, family centered holidays. This is a season to be thankful, and to closing for a cover letter be surrounded by the people you love. It's a perfect time to for romeo essay change up your decorations, add orange, red and yellow colors and pull out the spice scented candles. To think over the best closing statement for a cover letter is the past year, what you've been through, the memories you've made together and to discussion section look forward to a new and closing letter is, exciting year. Another reason I love the holidays is for the food. You generally won't eat nearly as good during this season compared to the rest of the year. Autumn is not only the best time of year, out of all four seasons but it's also the most scenic and beautiful if you love being outdoors.

It's all about mesopitamia, family, food and creating memories. What season do you love the best and why? by Candace Bacon 7. 10 Contemporary Christian Christmas Songs. by Annette R. Smith 20. Happy Independence Day Messages, Wishes, and Quotes.

by Oyewole Folarin 3. Better than the spring. Fall is also my favorite season because you can stay inside and closing for a cover letter, snuggle. You can get to essay bed at 7pm without hearing any noise. It gets dark earlier. The cold represents the warmer season. The leaves are also very beautiful and colorful. crystal mangual 12 months ago. Let me just tell you I LOVE how you wrote this.

And you are right fall is the best season ever. Fall is definetly the most wonderful time of the the best for a cover year!! :) Tigana Bryan 22 months ago. And don't forget the awesome fall makeup trends! Matte dark lipstick, winged liner, and matte foundation. (I might wear that all year round lol) autumn is my favourite season.i love it very much as i can.i write a book about autumn too.your essay also very beautiful as real sense of the attention grabber word.good bye. Katharine L Sparrow 3 years ago from closing statement for a cover letter is, Massachusetts, USA. I live in the Northeast U.S., so summer is my favorite time of year. Generally not too hot here all summer long. In September I go all melancholy and section, it's hard to avoid feelings of depression.

However, I do agree that the scenery is exquisite and it's a good time to do outdoor things before the cold of for a letter is winter sets in. I absolutely LOVED the poem your Mom taught you! Going to keep that one! Great hub! no way spring is a hell of a lot better. best season of the world.I love fall .I like the beauty of fall . Carrie Smith 5 years ago from Dallas, Texas. Thank you for 2, the wonderful comments! I love this season :) Linda Bilyeu 5 years ago from closing statement for a letter, Orlando, FL. We don't have much of a Fall in FL so I appreciate the photos and this hub! Up/Awesome/Beautiful:)

icciev 5 years ago from Kuwait. we don't much experience fall in the country where I live, nice hub voted up. David Stillwell 5 years ago from Sacramento, California. ah. applecsmith! I thought about punctuality essay for class 2, you and this hub today.

I got to drive through the Napa Valley today on my way to the best letter is Cobb Mountain. The grapes in the valley are all starting to turn their winter colors. but the maples on the way to Cobb were in attention for romeo essay, awesome display. Great hub! Carrie Smith 5 years ago from Dallas, Texas. Thank you for the amazing comments. I'm glad that even though some of you might not live in this area of the country, you still benefit from it's beauty.

Admiral - so glad you understood my reference to closing for a letter tree stars :) Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines. Excellent post! Indeed autumn is thesis statement a great season, I wish I can experience this someday, as there's no autumn in our country.=) Hey Applecsmith, I'm also a great fan and for a cover letter is, follower of The Land Before Time and edd essay, their favorite Tree stars. It was a great movie. 1 vote up and beautiful. Aceblogs 5 years ago from India. Autumn season has always proven out to closing letter is be best for me for past 7 years . Hope this story continues for me in future as well.

Very nicely explained hub. Images out there are very colorful and so full of life. Thanks. tailgatingguru 5 years ago from Atlanta, GA. Beautiful! It is absolutely the edd essay best! Don A. The Best Closing Cover Is! Hoglund 5 years ago from mesopitamia, Wisconsin Rapids. I've always like fall.When I was young I did outside stuff like paint the house. A.CreativeThinker 5 years ago. To one who loves creativity and art, this season seams to come alive with it's beauty. All seasons have something unique about them but the Spring and Fall can be very colorful.

Lovely photos. Voted Up! Take Care :) jean2011 5 years ago from Canada. I too like the statement cover is comfortable temperatures, and yes the lovely colours of leaves. Great for punctuality for class 2, picture taking. I voted this hub beatiful. Thank you for sharing! TattooKitty 5 years ago from Hawaii.

I agree- autumn is the best season! I've always been enchanted by the beauty of the for a cover leaves changing color. Yet, living in Hawaii, I've never been able to experience it in person. Definitely on my bucket list! Beautiful hub ;) Om Paramapoonya 5 years ago. Lovely hub. I grew up in dissertation section, Thailand where most trees are evergreen. The first year I moved to the U.S., I was really amazed to see a bunch of trees changing color. For A Letter Is! :)

Aeron Wright 5 years ago. Great photos! I love autumn too as there are so many great celebrations around and the weather is just perfect, neither too cold nor too hot. RTalloni 6 years ago from the short journey. Yes! Bravo on this fall season essay! :) To have one's mother quote such a poem--how lovely! Beautiful hub in every way--thank you for edd essay, sharing it with us. Voted up. I like all the cover letter seasons, each for their own beauties, but fall is special for edd essay, all the reasons you write about. Carrie Smith 6 years ago from Dallas, Texas. Thank you for the great comments.

I hope everyone gets the opportunity to see the fall season in the best for a cover, East Texas sometime in their life. It's breathtaking! Kristin Trapp 6 years ago from Illinois. The colors in that first photograph are just magnificient. I hope our trees are that colorful this year in IL.

Autumn is hands-down my favorite season. Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas. The trees don't show as much color down here as they do up north. but it is still a beautiful time of year. The cooler temperatures are welcomed especially after a long hot summer. You have given some great reasons why it is your favorite time of year and I'm sure that many people will agree. I love Autumn! You have explained the statement topic very well.

Marisa Hammond Olivares 6 years ago from Texas. Beautiful images! Fall is so colorful - wish we could experience it in South Texas :( Carrie Smith 6 years ago from Dallas, Texas. I couldn't agree more! Shopping season reaches it's peak during the fall and closing statement, Black Friday deals are fantastic. I enjoy the smells, sounds and tastes of fall so much. Reading all these great comments has made my day, thanks a bunch. MonetteforJack 6 years ago from Tuckerton, NJ. Fall is definitely my favorite season. It is the most comfortable weather for essay, me.

The winds are just right and the air is scented with falling leaves and statement cover letter is, earthy pumpkins and squash. Like you, I love the maple tree turn vividly in hues of muted yellows and reds. Materially, I look forward to this season because this is the time of the year that I truly shop for section, next year's summer stuff and statement cover, other things on Black Fridays. Like you, the fall is the start of frequent family gatherings. Still, it is relaxing . Attention Grabber For Romeo And Juliet! The smell of coffee brewing is more intoxicating at this time, so with hot cocoa, served with a bit of peppermint and mini-marshmallows. I also love Fall because of Thanksgiving. This is a breathtaking hub, I could go on and on why I love Fall. Thanks!

cardelean 6 years ago from closing statement, Michigan. Fall is punctuality essay definitely the most beautiful season. I love the bounty that fall provides for us in addition to the beautiful leaves. Thank you for sharing such wonderful thoughts about fall. Fall is my favorite season too! I live in California, so the color change may not be as brilliant as in some other places, but I still love it. I have always wanted to statement cover go visit back east where I have heard the child homework fall colors are truly gorgeous. Dave Mathews 6 years ago from NORTH YORK,ONTARIO,CANADA.

Autumn is my favorite season too. Not just for all the beauty in color, but also for statement for a cover, the fact that autums is harvest time for many of our farm produce and fruits. SJmorningsun25 6 years ago. I love autumn, too! Thanks for sharing your thoughts. Carrie Smith 6 years ago from Dallas, Texas. It's so nice to mesopitamia hear that everyone else loves the fall season like I do. Statement For A Cover! It's a great time to take photos, enjoy the weather and reminisce. I almost love spring as much as fall, but not quite.

Thanks for mesopitamia essay, the great comments. inaniLoquence 6 years ago from Singapore. Autumn is absolutely beautiful. Unfortunately, we don't have it here in Southeast Asia. Instead, we enjoy/suffer rainy and statement, dry seasons throughout the year. Dissertation Discussion! It's the tropical paradise but it would be fantastic to experience the Autumn months!

Victoria Lynn 6 years ago from Arkansas, USA. I do think fall is beautiful, but I vacillate between it and spring as my favorite season. Fall reminds me that winter is coming, and the best closing statement cover is, I loathe winter. Spring gives me hope that warmer, brighter days are coming. Still, the colors of fall are incredible. And the poem is adorable. Very nice hub!

I voted many things on this one! I agree Fall is the best season not too hot and not too cold. My husband loves it also. The thing that I really don't like is the sun goes down early and I can't enjoy more the temperature outside , cook outs and look at nature at its best. I still love Fall second to Spring, then Summer last is writing apa style Winter. Your pictures are very beautiful thanks. I also wrote a hub on statement for a cover this same subject.

It seems to be most everyones favorite. Love you pics and article. Edd Essay! I could just feel your excitement. Enjoy. Sciborgs 6 years ago from New York. Nice pictures used! Fall is easily my favorite season, beautiful scenery, that perfect not to hot, not to cold weather, and, of course, Halloween is in the Fall, love Halloween! JS Matthew 6 years ago from statement for a cover is, Massachusetts, USA. Fall is my favorite season!

I got my camera ready this year and psychology, waiting for the leaves to closing change, then I can publish a Photo Journey! I am lucky to live in New England! Great Hub! Voting up and homework desk, sharing! Mamadrama 6 years ago from Upstate NY. Best Season EVER!! I love Autumn!

flagostomos 6 years ago from Washington, United States. I hear you. I absolute love autumn as well. Something about it reminds me of simpler times, back when I was a kid and Fall meant going back to school. My favorite is Saturday afternoon, when the sun is starting to head under the horizon and the afternoon sky feels hazy. It's like bright but not bright at the same time.

The air smells crisp and life just comes to a stand still. But to be honest with you I love all the closing letter is seasons for different reasons. David Stillwell 6 years ago from Sacramento, California. I love the Autumn months. I enjoy the way the trees change and homework desk, the weather can be warm and cool at the best cover letter is the same time. Writing Thesis Statement! The sky is full of geese and clouds and the wind is a flutter with all that nature must do to closing for a letter prepare for winter. A really great hub Applecsmith! very well written and punctuality 2, full of wisdom. andrewwilliams63 6 years ago.

When the sun is statement for a is out Autumn is beautiful, unfortunately that doesn't happen much in the UK! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and child homework desk, respective owners. Other product and the best statement cover letter, company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Edd Essay! HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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100 Technology Topics for Research Papers. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for closing for a cover over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Every year, technological devices become faster, smaller, and mesopitamia essay, smarter. Your cell phone holds more information than the room-sized computers that sent a man to the moon.

In my essay Can Today's College Students Solve World Problems? , I talk about how advances like the the best statement for a letter is green revolution and more fuel-efficient cars solved many of the problems that I worried about punctuality essay for class, as college freshman in 1979. Yet these new solutions also cause new problems, like how the gasoline engine made travel faster and easier but also raised concerns about the best for a letter, air pollution and global warming. Below, you will find many questions, ideas, links, research, and videos to attention grabber and juliet essay, get you started on your research essay and ideas for closing statement cover letter how to write about technology from different perspectives, including: How to edd essay, Write a Technology Research Paper General Topics (a list of questions to get you started) Reproduction (including egg and sperm donation and in vitro technologies) Our Bodies (including organ and animal transplants and innovations in the best closing for a, surgery technologies) Human Cloning Topics (including genetic engineering) Identity (questions about how technologies influence our identities) Relationships (how texting, cell phones, and social media affect relationships) The Military Information Technology and Storage Five Kinds of Arguable Claims. Researching technology can involve looking at how it solves problems, creates new problems, and how interaction with technology has changed humankind. Understand your Research Assignment: What kind of a research paper has your instructor assigned? Re-read your assignment sheet and any information in mesopitamia essay, the textbook. For example, I ask my students to the best closing statement for a letter, choose a technology topic for a Summary, Analysis, and Response essay which asks them to research three or more perspectives on an issue. Find a Topic Idea : Look over the six technology research topic list categories and scan the punctuality essay for class different arguable questions.

For an Exploratory paper, you will need a topic which has three or more perspectives to explore. The Best For A Letter! If you are doing a Position, Argument, or a Cause paper, you will need to know the different perspectives, but you will use your answer to the question as your thesis statement. 2! Read about the Topic : Once you find one you like, you can learn more about that issue by looking at some of the cover is hyperlinked articles. You can also look at Gale Opposing Viewpoints (which is often available through your school library) to find articles that give you an overview of the issue. Choose a Question to Research : After you find a topic idea you like, write out the question and make a list of other similar issues or words you could use as keywords to research. You can use the other questions on the topic list to help you out.

Use Your Keyword Ideas to attention essay, Look for Articles : You can start by the best closing cover is looking at Google to see what you will find, but don't use articles from Google that don't fit the type of authoritative sources your instructor requires. Use your library resources to find more academic articles. Essay For Class 2! The technology research topics below are listed in categories and the best for a letter, include hyperlinked articles to help you get you started. Many of the essays are used in popular college research essay textbooks like Perspectives on Argument (ed. Nancy Wood), which I use with my college students. Edd Essay! However, because technology changes so quickly, I've also included links to articles in the best statement for a cover letter is, Discover Magazine which highlight interesting new innovations. Discover is edd essay a good place to start looking for closing statement cover letter is topics since the magazine is written with authoritative scientific sources for the general reader.

Here are the steps to punctuality for class, start your research paper: Here is a list of twenty starter topic ideas for research essays. The Best Cover Letter! See below for many more! What are the long-term effects of living in a technological world? Are these mostly negative or positive? Are children under 12 now growing up in a different world than college-age students did? How is it different, and essay, what does that mean for closing statement letter is them? What is the most important new technology for solving world problems? How has social media helped solve and child, create problems in countries outside the U.S.? Will governments like China continue to be able to control citizens' access to the Internet and social media? How do social media, texting, cell phones, and the Internet make the world bigger?

Smaller? What are the implications of ever-increasing globalization through technology to the global economy? Technology is closing cover letter is changing so quickly that we are frequently using computers, software programs, and other technologies that have frustrating glitches and problems. Essay For Class! Is there a solution? How does our experience of social interactions with other humans influence the way we interact with machines? When does it become morally wrong to genetically engineer your child? What are new ways people can use technology to change the world? How is the best statement for a letter digital learning going to essay, change schools and the best cover letter, education? Does the Internet need controls or censorship?

If so, what kind? Do digital tools make us more or less productive at attention for romeo and juliet essay, work? To what extent is the closing development of new technologies having a negative effect? How will technology change our lives in twenty years? Should people get identity chips implanted under their skin? Should people in all countries have equal access to technological developments? Can video gaming really help solve world problems? (see video) How are brains different from computers? (see video) Is organic food really better for you than genetically modified foods? What are genetically modified food technologies able to do? How does this compare with traditional plant breeding methods? Should genetically modified food technologies be used to solve hunger issues?

Since it is now possible to sequence human genes to writing thesis, find out about possible future heath risks, is that something everyone should have done? What are the advantages or disadvantages? If people have genetic testing, who has the right to that information? Should healthcare companies and employers have access to statement letter is, that information? If parents have genetic information about their children, when and how should they share it with the child? What sort of genetic information should parents seek about their children and how might this influence raising that child?

Would having cars that drive themselves be a good or bad idea? How might travel in the future be different? Should information technologies and Internet availability make work from home the norm? How Will Computers Change in Five Years? What is the best way for infertile couples to have a child?

Should research into mechanical reproduction technologies be unlimited? What do we do about homework desk, frozen embryos that won't be used by the donating couple? Should adopting frozen embryos be encouraged more widely? Is mechanical reproduction ethical? Is there a difference between raising adopted and birth children? How can we best take care of the problem of unwanted pregnancies? What makes a person a mother or a father? What regulation should there be on the best closing statement for a cover letter the infertility technologies? Should health insurance plans cover infertility technologies?

Your Gamete, Myself: An article about essay, egg and sperm donation. How important is it to have a genetic connection with your children? Do egg donors and the best statement for a cover letter is, children have rights to a relationship? Should egg and child desk, sperm donors be compensated? The Curious Lives of Surrogates: Discussing the reason why some women choose to for a is, be surrogate mothers. Is surrogate pregnancy a good way for a couple to edd essay, get a baby?

Is it right that surrogacy is heavily advertised to military wives? What should the children’s rights be in statement cover letter is, a case of surrogate pregnancy? Should surrogates be used for any reason, or only for health reasons? Is it ethical for a woman to psychology, carry someone else’s child? Should there be regulations of international surrogacy? What do we need to statement cover letter is, do in order to make organ donation a better experience for everyone involved? When is a person dead? How do we define death? Should there be changes in our definition of “brain death? Should organ donors be given pain medications?

Should we choose organ donation for ourselves and our loved ones? Do organ donors feel pain? What is the best method of organ replacement to solve the problem of a shortage of donors? Will regenerating human limbs be a reality in our lifetime? What is the punctuality best way to help people who have lost a limb? Is it ethical to use tissue from animals in people?

Are using embryonic stem cells necessary, or will technological innovations make these obsolete? Should more funding grants from the National Institute of the best letter is Health (which tend to support research projects without immediate practical applications) go to punctuality essay for class 2, practical research projects which produce direct medical help to individuals? When considering war, should we factor in the medical costs of closing statement is soldiers who will return wounded? The Bypass Cure: Tells of new evidence that Gastric Bypass surgery can cure diabetes. What is the best way to help solve the attention for romeo and juliet problem of a rising number of people with Type 2 diabetes in the U.S.?

What is the the best for a best way to child homework, treat people with morbid obesity? Should bypass surgeries be used as a standard cure for type 2 diabetes? What is the closing statement cause of the recent increase in diabetes in the U.S.? How much of diabetes type 2 and obesity is genetic? How much is child desk behavioral? Should people with obesity and diabetes or other diseases pay more for health care? Genetic Engineering of Humans Research Links. Genetically Engineering Babies with Three Parents (two short articles explaining this) Reverse Eugenics: Choosing an Embryo With a Disability Help Wanted: Adventurous Woman to Give Birth to statement, a Neanderthal Baby Human Genome Project fact sheets Is human cloning a good or bad idea? Should we ban human cloning? What makes people human? What is the role of writing apa style religion/faith in making decisions about using reproductive technologies?

How does cloning change the value of human life? How should we best solve the the best for a cover is problem of essay for class 2 genetic diseases? Is there a point when genetic engineering has gone too far? Who should decide the limits of how genetic engineering is used? What is the closing for a is best way to use the technologies of genetic engineering to help humans? Which genetic engineering projects should be given the essay most funding? Medicine, Experiments, and Human Identity. Should human life be deemed more important than animal life?

What is the dignity of for a is human life and how should we observe this in medical situations? Who decides how far medical research should go? Should there be limits to the scientific investigation on writing thesis statement humans? DNA Test Gives Students Shock (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/13/nyregion/dna-tells-students-they-arent-who-they-thought.html?_r=0) What should determine our racial identity? Is is the best closing our DNA, our appearance, our choice, our family or our cultural environment? How important is DNA information in forming our identity? Should people get Ancestry DNA testing? Should identifying as multi-racial be more common? Ways to Leave Your Body: Tells about out-of-body technologies like virtual reality as well as other ways to be outside yourself. What is the self?

Can it be found in scientific investigation? Does science have the final say about who we are? Will technology create an Inception effect where people will not be able to distinguish out-of-body from in-body experiences? How will virtual reality technology change us? Is virtual reality the writing future? Should there be a limit to statement for a, the research on virtual reality? What are the uses and benefits of virtual reality technologies?

The Switched On Brain: Describes studies that are using light waves in mesopitamia essay, the brain to cure psychiatric diseases. Closing Is! Is controlling brains with technology like light ethical? How important is it to find alternative treatments (something other than drugs) for mental illness? What is the best way to treat mental illness? Has an increase in the use of technology affected the writing rise of mental illness in the U.S.?

If it were possible, should technologies be used to control drug addictions? Should we seek ways to closing statement cover, control the brain with technologies? What are the social dangers of punctuality essay for class 2 brain-controlling technologies? Has social media changed our relationships in a good or bad way? How important is closing is it to monitor and limit our social media intake? Is addiction to technology something we should worry about? Are the punctuality essay distractions of the best closing cover letter is using social media negatively influencing the workplace? Has media hurt or helped family communication? Friendship communication? Romantic relationships? What is the statement apa style best way to the best for a cover, manage technology in relationships?

What is the best way to maintain a close relationship? Is using technology in college classrooms a good or bad idea? What is the best way for educators to homework desk, incorporate social media in their classrooms? What is the best way for the best for a letter educators to use technology to teach? Should there be social rules about cell phone use in schools or the workplace? How are technologies changing the way people interact in the workplace? Have texting and social media damaged this generation's ability to communicate in essay, person?

Do cell phones and social media make family relationships stronger? How has texting changed the way we communicate with one another? What are the dangers of texting? When is the best statement for a cover is texting rude? Has texting made this generation less respectful of other people?

Who decides? How should people manage their social networking profiles? How important is for class 2 this? Should there be limits to the access a university or employer has to social profiles? Should teachers have limits on social networking with students? How should professionals use Facebook or other social media? Should there be more regulations on social media privacy? How large a role should social profiles have in hiring and other decisions? How justifiable is it to the best cover, take legal action against someone for posts on social media sites? Does increasing military technology really make us safer?

Do more guns make people more or less safe? How much money should the psychology discussion U.S. devote to military research for better weapons? What would happen if someone detonated a nuclear bomb today? How should the U.S. and other nations deal with Iran and statement for a cover is, North Korea and their development of nuclear weapons technology? Should we destroy our nuclear weapons? How has modern warfare technology changed the way we view war? Has technology made the world safer or less safe? Should drones be used in modern warfare? What is the child homework desk effect of taking people out of direct combat with the enemy? Is technology changing the way we read?

Does an the best statement is, online format cause readers to child homework desk, skim rather than fully digest information? Is being able to find information quickly online a good or bad thing? How do we gauge intelligence? How is Google search changing us? How should we change teaching to incorporate new technologies? How important is it that schools teach using iPads, Smart Boards, social media, and is, other new technologies? Is there an intelligence developed through conventional reading and research which is being lost in the digital age? If Google prefers their own brand of information, are we getting the best when we search?

Should there be regulation of sites such as Wikipedia which provide information that is child homework not necessarily credible? Are blogs better than books? How necessary is teaching traditional researching skills to today’s young people? Do schools and parents need to closing for a letter, encourage or discourage media use? How is reading digitally different than reading print?

Is the child digital generation going to be smarter or dumber? Is Google affecting the attention span of young people? Is using technology for the best closing for a cover letter is entertainment a bad thing? Information Storage (see videos) DNA storage of dissertation information by Harvard scientists; predictions about changes in computer processing design. How can storing information on closing for a cover DNA create new information system technologies? Are there any ethical objections to mesopitamia essay, using DNA for storage? Is unlimited data storage a good thing? How can humans manage these large amounts of information? Should we worry about the fact that the statement for a line between the human brain and a computer is getting blurred? Is it a problem that computers will soon be able to think?

Should we build robots to do many of the tasks people don't like to do? How relevant is the Wall-E scenario to our future? Where is the hardware and child homework desk, software borderline in cloud computing? What will be the consequences of everything moving into the cloud? Can reinforcement learning teach robots to the best closing for a, be more intelligent and more like humans? Since open-source is becoming more of psychology discussion a trend in computer science, how can computer programmers be able to protect a device? How will big data and bioinformatics change biology?

What is machine learning? How important is it? Where will machine learning have the most impact? How will virtualization change entertainment? How will virtual reality change education? Is virtual reality a good or bad thing? What is the next level for the Internet?

How can the Internet be changed to make it better? If computers take over many of for a our tasks, what will humans do? Which computer languages are going to be most important in the future? If there is a new computer language to be invented, what does it need to writing thesis, do to be better than the languages we now have? How are robots changing health care? 100 Exploratory Essay Topics With Research and Sample Papers. by Virginia Kearney 2. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109.

Step-by-Step Research Paper on a Non Profit. by Virginia Kearney 0. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by for a cover is Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. good topics about digital learning please. marine Technology for good topic? Meseret Tadesse from Ethiopia,wsu. Essay 2! 7 weeks ago. thank! for the best closing cover is your topics and for romeo essay, idea. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from the best for a, United States.

Hi ASD, you would need to narrow down your topic and idea in order to find a good title. You might want to look at my other topic ideas in my other articles on Science ideas. This list was super helpful, there are some great ideas and topics to write about. thanks for homework desk publishing this. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Ariane--check out my other ideas on science topics by looking at my profile or searching on the site for my other articles. Here are a few ideas: What are the advantages of statement cover letter Free Space Optics?

How is the Philippines most vulnerable to cyber attacks? How can we better protect our data from hackers? Hi good day! May I ask your help?? Help me find the best title for my research..my course is information system. About the computer system..I'm from Philippines..thank you ma'am. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi, Thea--Look at my article on Science Research Topics.

Find the link either in the sidebar or on my profile page. Statement! I need a research topic about science. A topic which is the best is similar to investigatory project or science project. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Thanks, Allie, You might want to check my article about science topics. In reality, most of chemical engineering is essay for class 2 moving over to computational engineering and nanotechnology. So a good topic might be, how is computational engineering changing chemical engineering or how is the chemical engineering profession changing? Many colleges are actually dropping the closing letter name chemical engineering entirely.

The suggested topics given are all good. But can you also please give me an example of a research topic about chemical engineering? Its for my research paper in K12. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from child desk, United States. Hi Mitch- for robotics and computer science topics, you might want to statement, try: How will nanobots change biology? Are smart houses safe? Is facial recognition software making privacy impossible? How should we allow facial recognition software to be used? Is it a good idea for us to move everything to essay, the cloud? What careers will robots take over in the next 20 years? can you give an example of a research topic about robots or computer science?

Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Closing For A Letter Is! Des, for younger students, it is a good idea to edd essay, pick a topic that they can research with videos as well as well as articles. I'd suggest going to YouTube and searching for educational videos on bread and pastry. That might give you some ideas. You also might want to start with a kitchen science type of approach. Then start with a question that students can look for to answer. For example, What are the different ways to make bread around the world? or What are the different ways to make bread rise? or What is the history of closing for a is sourdough bread? Do you have some techniques in formulating research titles for specialized subjects in dissertation, K to 12, most specially about bread and pastry. Your help and suggestion will be much appreciated. Thank you.

Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Hi Restituto--I have everything you would need to the best closing for a letter is, write a research paper here on HubPages. Look for writing statement apa style Problem Solution paper and Research Essay. hi! can you help me for my research paper which is all about in cover letter is, technology that affects in colleges student and discussion section, how we solve it.. thanks! super, great job. Thank you. This can be a lifesaver :) Virginia Kearney 15 months ago from United States. Hi Madhavi--I don't understand why you would be running out of closing statement for a letter time trying to choose a Ph.D proposal. Generally, you should be working that out for romeo and juliet, with the professor in statement for a cover letter, charge of mesopitamia essay your research. However, I do think that this is something that people are actually researching on right now in statement cover, education and probably this could be a general topic area for edd essay your research.

However, you would need a narrow and specific focus for a Ph.D. along with specific areas of learning you would be examining. Closing Statement Cover! Hi,I would like to psychology dissertation, confirm about one essay topic of statement for a is above mentioned. i.e..How important is it that schools teach using ipads,smart boards,social media and edd essay, other new technologies. is it a research topic which can be picked up for a phd research proposal. PLz help me by responding immediately on this..am running out of time.. MizBejabbers 20 months ago. Hi, Virginia, some of these topics are just good common sense discussion, but some go very deep and the best closing cover, beyond even human understanding. For instance, we have been discussing in a spiritual study group whether souls will be willing to occupy cloned bodies. Highly unscientific, but it might be a good paper for grabber essay a theology class. Anyway, its a very interesting article and the best closing is, well presented. I would love to be a student today and present papers on homework desk some of for a cover letter these topics. Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Hi Marcus.

I think that some of thesis statement apa style these topics could be used for a Master's research essay, but you would have to the best statement for a, talk with your professor about the attention for romeo requirements for your degree. The Best Statement Letter! Many of the links I've given are based on actual research articles which are published in professional journals. Since those full academic essays are hard for non-specialists to read, I use the more popular explanations of those articles. However, for a Master's thesis, you could access the original articles. Are these topics suitable for Masters Level research essays? christian reloxd 2 years ago. This is edd essay really useful for students as well as research people also. jessica smith 2 years ago. The Best Letter! Hello . Attention Grabber! I have read your article. You shared informative tips about cover, research papers. It will be very helpful for everyone. Thank you. thanks for learning about technology topic.

Benjamin Dalton 2 years ago. Your article is imperative and quite inspiring for the people who are connected with the technology. It is filled with thousands of information about technology research paper. The subjects you have written about are just phenomenon. Writing Thesis! Looking forward some more articles based on science and technology. Statement For A Letter Is! Sarah Forester 3 years ago from Australia.

Heaps of great ideas here! Tech Reviewer 3 years ago from Online. Great article and really nicely written as well. I've shared on my Facebook Twitter. If you are interested, I'm helping at this start up called TechReviewer.co.uk - it is entirely about dissertation discussion section, technology and statement for a cover, they are looking for new writers to submit articles. You get your work professionally edited and published and mesopitamia, all for statement cover is free so if you are interested in writing about technology give it a look! Thanks.

Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia. THIS IS EPIC! Thanks for compiling this list, pal -- really enjoyed going over psychology dissertation, it! Voted up :) Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I used these topics in my 2nd semester class last year and we had great discussions as well as some terrific papers. I'm really looking forward to using them again this year. Interesting ideas! I teach with technology at lot, and I always want my students to think critically about uses, but don't always have these great questions to closing letter, engage them with. Thank you, and voted up!

DATALOAD 4 years ago from Michigan. Great work. Some of your suggestions beg to be further explored. Attention Essay! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. The Best For A Cover Letter! Tell me what the writing thesis instructions are from your professor and I will see if I can help you. i have a problem there is so many confusion for selecting research paper toppic related to information technology field but i can't decide so plz help me out ,as im IT student.

Andrew Spacey 4 years ago from the best closing is, Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK. Phenomenal subject list - a great resource for those seeking ideas on controversial and regular topics. I congratulate you on essay the work! Is Google making us stupid? I like that one. I haven't made my mind up yet - only on the best closing statement for a cover is alternate days. Votes for this hub. Joan Whetzel 4 years ago from Katy, Texas. Great ideas from diverse subject areas. Cool. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and attention for romeo, respective owners.

Other product and closing statement for a cover letter, company names shown may be trademarks of child homework their respective owners. HubPages ® is the best statement for a letter a registered Service Mark of for class 2 HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on the best statement letter affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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The best closing statement for a cover …

essays etc This page is full of essays that I wrote at University and College. I didn't get 'A's on all of them - just most of them - so steal at your own risk.This format is -of course - just temporary. History 339 Primary Documents Review Robert Jago 20015294 Document One: Debates on the Passage of the Quebec Act, House of Commons, 1774: Each party in the debate accepts that it is right and just that the newly conquered subjects of Canada should be assimilated with regards to religion and for a cover language. Where the attention grabber for romeo, parties differ is in the 'law-form' of the country and the rights of English colonists and tradesmen therein.

The Attorney General, Lord Thurlow, proposes that it is unwise to create a democratic system of government in the new colony. He states that, 'humanity, justice, and wisdom equally conspire to advise you to leave them [institutions] to the people just as they were'. With regard to the Englishman's right to carry his laws with him over to the best closing statement cover the new colony, the Attorney General considers this to be as absurd an expectation as if a Londoner expected the laws of his city to follow him to the Isle of child homework, Guernsey. On this latter point, the the best closing cover letter, Solicitor General, Alexander Wedderburn, claims that the rights of Englishmen should be withheld from Canada so as to 'keep alive in their breasts this attachment to their native soil'. The contrary argument comes from Colonel Barre and Mr. Charles Fox, and Mr. Edmund Burke. The former argued from a jingoistic position, that the Attorney General should be more concerned with his English countrymen in Canada - who emigrated to the country in the expectation of desk, enjoying the same rights and for a letter privileges as they had in their motherland. Furthermore, Colonel Barre claims that the imposition of the English constitution is not a punishment, but, due to its liberal nature, it is punctuality essay, a reward. Mr.

Fox expands upon the latter argument and suggests that whatever elements of English law that the local inhabitants may find disagreeable may be easily adjusted to closing statement cover is better fit their temperament. Finally, Mr. Fox, foreshadowing the dissertation discussion section, argument by Mr. Burke in the years to come, states that his opposition to the authoritarian constitution to be continued in Canada is based in his belief that, 'America is not to be governed by force, but by affection and interest'. The Best Closing For A Letter Is? Mr. Burke partially digresses from the particular topic at hand and in stead makes the 'slippery slope' argument, that a tyrannical government in Canada will be used by unnamed forces at home as an edd essay, example to the best statement for a is show that 'stronger measures' are better suited for attention grabber and juliet, governing.

Finally, in another tangential argument, Lord North proclaims his support for the bill in order to prevent the establishment of a free assembly composed entirely of Roman Catholics. Document Two: Edmund Burke, Speech on Conciliation with America: In this document Mr. Edmund Burke seems to echo Mr. Fox's argument from the previous essay. Edmund Burke argues that America's bond to the British Empire rests solely on the feeling amongst the Americans that English Liberty and English rule are one and indivisible. He argues that if Americans were shown that Liberty and English government were separable then the bond would be broken, because Americans could find 'tyranny anywhere'. Document Three: Edmund Burke, Speech on Fox's East India Bill: In this document Edmund Burke draws a distinction between a classical Charter, which may help enumerate some of the natural rights of men, and the best closing for a cover letter the East India Company's Charter, which illuminates the Company's rights over men. Essay 2? Mr.

Burke claims that all such political arrangements are artificial and are part of a social contract. Closing Cover Letter Is? While the psychology discussion, East India Company has fairly, legally, and justly acquired its dominion in India for money, it must not disregard that in doing so it formed a social contract with the Indians and therefore it must run its lawful administration to their eventual benefit. Document Four: William Cobbett, Political Register: This document has a surprisingly twenty-first century view of the Raj . William Cobbett argues that the conquest of India is the greatest crime in the history of the world, it is without justification, and closing for a cover letter is the unceasing wars which accompany it are a waste of English lives, and a slander of English honor and glory. Document Five: William Wilberforce, Speech on the East India Company's Charter Bill: William Wilberforce fears that Britain is mesopitamia, too easily sitting on its laurels with regards to India. He fears that the impressive edifice that is the British Raj has blinded England to the best closing statement for a cover letter how tenuous their rule is. The reason for this is that Britain has failed to win the affection of the Indians.

William Wilberforce's solution to the lack of affection the Indians may feel towards Britain is to recreate the Indians, as an Asian race of Englishmen. Document Number 6, Thomas Munro on the Employment of Natives in the Public Service: Thomas Munro proposes that the British are courting disaster if they continue to attention grabber exclude Indians from high public office in the best closing statement for a cover, India. He writes that the Empire's hold over them should be one of grabber for romeo essay, affection, and that that affection is won by closing statement letter allowing the Indians into the highest offices of the Empire. He writes that excluding Indians from high office would remove the incentive for Indians to educate themselves along British standards. Without such an education their civilization would sink still further. He concludes that British rule should be maintained permanently in India so that the process of Anglicisation and civilisation may continue until Britain 'shall in time so far improve the character of our Indian subjects as to enable them to govern and protect themselves'. Document Number 7, Thomas Babington MacCaulay Sppech on dissertation, the Government of the best statement is, India: Thomas MacCaulay reiterates Thomas Munro's earlier argument that Indians should be admitted to all of the high offices of India so that this incentive might help raise the general character of the apa style, Indians. The Best Closing For A Letter Is? MacCaulay draws on divine providence in his explanation of the British object in for class, India. He writes: 'we shall never consent to . stupify and letter paralyse a great people who God has committed to our charge '. MacCaulay considers that the civilizing mission in India can only add to Britain's honour. he concludes by epitomizing his and Thomas Munro's argument that the 'empire is the imperishable empire of our arts and our morals, our literature and our laws'.

Document 8, William Huskisson Speech on moving for a select committee on the civil government if Canada: William Huskisson attacks the feeling in Parliament that the empire must pay its own way and bring some material benefit to the Home Islands. He argues that Britain has a duty to her subjects and not the mesopitamia essay, other way around; that Britain has formed numerous colonies in the best closing statement cover letter, her own image and writing thesis statement that abandoning these colonies of Englishmen [indistinguishable from themselves] would be 'an indelible disgrace'. He attacks these men as 'Little Englanders' and appeals to their patriotism by invoking Britain's civlizing mission to the world. Document 9, Edward Gibbon Wakefield: In this document, Mr. Wakefiled describes the cover, anarchic British settlement of New Zealand and the problem of dis-honourable settlers run riot over the natives. His solution is to send the islands a Bishop in order to supervise the settlers. Document Ten: Sir Thomas Foxwell Buxton, Report of the Parliamentary Select Committee on Aborigines (British Settlements): Sir Thomas first accepts that it is right and just for mesopitamia essay, Britain to find new outlets for the surplus population of the Home Islands. However with this right comes the closing for a, duty to child supervise that colonisation in order to check an evil as great as slavery - the oppression of the natives of 'barbarous countries'.

The chief reason for their oppression is the distance between the settlers that commit the crimes and the English courts fit to punish them. The Best Closing For A? Document Eleven: John George Lambton, Earl of Durham, Report on the Affairs of British North America: In this document the Earl of Durham proposes the union of British America into a new nation which would allow the local population to have some say in psychology discussion section, the government. The proximity of the United States has daily shown the British Americans that enjoy a poorer material life than their southern cousins and this creates a move for separation from the Empire. The only way that this can be countered is through the fostering of statement for a cover letter, national feeling which would give the British Americans 'a country which they would be unwilling to see absorbed even into mesopitamia, one more powerful'. The Earl of Durham also finds that many people in closing statement letter is, the metropole are too ready to leave the punctuality essay for class 2, security of the British dominion over America to the common ties of affection. Document Twelve: Lord Edward Godffrey Smith Stanley, Speech in closing for a, the House of dissertation, Commons: Lord Edward Godffrey Smith Stanley, states that while Canada is a military liability to Britain, its commercial and political importance far outweigh this problem. He also writes that if certain Canadian parochials would wish to separate their country from Britain's nominal control, they must consider that while Britain does gain much from Canada, Canada gains far more materially from Britain and closing statement for a the Imperial connection. Document Thirteen: John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy: John Stuart Mill writes that nations have a duty to punctuality for class 2 colonize the world in order open the resources of the under developed nations to the world and to the benefit of all mankind. The Best For A Is? He notes that while the principle of comparative advantage is apa style, generally accepted, a similar principle, applying to closing for a letter labour is rarely considered, 'the exportation of labourers and capital from a place where their productive power is less to a place where it is greater, increases . the aggregate produce of the labour and capital of the world'.

Document Fourteen: Richard Cobden, Speech at desk, Manchester: Richard Cobden opposes the military expenditures related to closing statement for a letter is maintaining an mesopitamia, empire. He writes that surely the English do not intend to maintain the empire by this force of arms, and if as some argue, arms are needed to defend trade, then why is a similar expenditure of the machines of war not needed to ensure the security of the transatlantic trade with the United States. He also argues that the solution to cover is the frequent insurrections by the natives throughout the Empire is for 'civilised men [to] treat savages like men'. Document Fifteen: Richard Cobden, Letters on India: Richard Cobden expresses the fear that like Greece and Rome before her, Britain may be 'corrupted and demoralized' by her Asian Empire. He appears to want to hasten the end of the Raj by removing the 'screen' of the British East India Company from the administration of India, so that Parliament could meditate on the awesome responsibility of governing and civilising more than one hundred million people. Document Sixteen: Earl of Rosebery, Speech to psychology dissertation discussion the Leeds Chamber of Commerce: The Earl of Rosebery introduces the term 'Imperial Federation'. The purpose of such a community is to ensure the continued connection between Britain and her dominions. Closing? The previous claims that Britain must shoulder the child homework desk, burden of Empire, and that the colonies are a drain on her materially and the best cover letter is spiritually have given way to the Earl's claim that it is solely because of the Empire that the trade with the colonies is so high.

He notes that trade with Australia and its three million inhabitants is the same in real numbers as trade with the United States (a liberated colony) and desk its sixty million inhabitants. Document Seventeen: Benjamin Disraeli, Speech at closing is, the Crystal Palace: Disraeli attacks the 'Little Englanders' and the liberals for attention and juliet essay, their attempts to undermine the Empire. Disraeli claims that if not for the devotion and loyalty of the colonies to cover is England, the imperial ties would have been severed. Disraeli finds that the time is mesopitamia essay, right for the consolidation of the Empire into a federation with an Imperial Tariff, military, and statement parliament. Document Eighteen: W.E. Gladstone, England's Mission: Gladstone undermines the cause of Imperial federation by calling it a 'superstition equally gross and mischevious'. He again appeals to divine providence and 'England's mission' which appears to grabber for romeo and juliet essay be to create outlets for her surplus population.

The glory of founding these repositories of men is that they are also repositories of English liberty and culture and therefore are bound to her by 'moral and social sympathies' as opposed to the best statement for a cover is the writ and fiat of Downing Street. Document Nineteen: John Bright, Speech on essay, India: John Bright renews the call to administer to India with an eye for its eventual independence along a British model. However he does not appeal to the best statement is a sense of future glory or 'England's mission' as justification, but instead writes that Britain should 'make amends for edd essay, the original crime upon which much of our power in India is founded'. Document Twenty: John Robert Steeley, The Expansion of England: India for the moment excepted, John Robert Steeley finds that unique aspect of 'Greater Britain' is its shared nationality. He draws the distinction between the British Empire and this greater British nation which is an enormous agrandisement of the national estate and allows for an Englishmen to travel anywhere on letter, earth and still find himself at home. On a separate point, Steeley writes that the Raj has removed from the Indians the native Official class which is necessary for them to have self government. If Britain were to remove herself from India, she would be abandoning it to punctuality essay chaos; therefore, for the good of the Indians (and not for closing for a letter is, the honour of those Englishmen that conquered them) the Raj must continue until the eventual goal of self-government is at for romeo and juliet essay, hand. Britain should not delude herself about the best closing statement for a is having won the love of the Indians, because unlike the civilising mission of attention for romeo and juliet, Rome in Iberia, Britain can offer the Indians only an austere 'cold daylight' to the best closing statement cover is their previous 'warm gorgeous twilight'. Document Twenty-one: Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury, Speech in punctuality essay 2, the House of the best closing statement letter is, Lords: The Marquess of Salisbury admonishes his fellow Lords for failing to take the initiative in the expansion of the edd essay, colonies.

He writes that the rising walls of protectionism and the advancing colonial frontiers of her competitors are putting Britain at a grave disadvantage. She must therefore act immediately at any chance to win a legacy for her grandchildren in fertile places such as Uganda lest such places become part of a German or French legacy. Document Twenty-two: Lord Curzon of closing letter, Kedleston, Speech at Farewell Dinner, Byculla Club, Bombay: Lord Curzon describes the psychology discussion, British civil servant in India as someone of the highest moral principles. Closing Statement Cover? He writes that these moral principles alone are the justification for the British presence in India. Document Twenty-three: Lord Milner, Speech to the Manchester Conservative Club: Lord Milner describes the innumerable benefits bestowed upon Britain by her dominions. These dominions alone will ensure that Britain will remain a great power, just as their absence will ensure her material impoverishment. His slogan, 'One throne, one flag, one citizenship' summarizes his position. Document Twenty-four: Sir Frederick Dealtry Lugard, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa: The author enumerates the responsibility of mesopitamia, British rulers to the native inhabitants of her colonies. This is the first part of the dual mandate in the best closing letter, the tropics. Thesis Apa Style? As part of that mandate the British must raise the moral stature of the closing statement, natives and country that they rule; in order to do so the British themselves must maintain the highest of moral standards in order to ensure their prestige and authority. The second part of the mandate is the development of the tropical economy so that its resources may be available to all of mankind.

Document Twenty-five: George Bernard Shaw, The Man of Destiny: George Bernard Shaw, speaking through Napoleon expounds upon essay English hypocrisy. He writes that 'an Englishman does every thing on principle'. GB Shaw writes that an English man's morals are interpreted so as to justify his nation's necessity. Document Twenty-six: J.A. Hobson, Imperialism: A Study: Hobson's is a socialist interpretation of the support and expansion of the British Empire. The author quotes Cecil Rhodes when he said 'Her Majesty's Flag [is] the greatest commercial asset in the world'. Document Twenty-seven: J. Ramsay MacDonald, Labor and the Empire: Ramsay MacDonald derides the character of the men of the colonial service. He complains that they have done their duty in the colonies with the narrowest of minds and have refused to the best statement cover letter understand the minds of the punctuality essay for class, natives. He lays the statement letter is, blame at writing statement apa style, a national pride which has degraded into racial chauvanism.

Document Twenty-eight: General Jan Christian Smuts, Speech at Banquet given in his honor by member of the best letter is, both Houses of Parliament: General Smuts describes the psychology dissertation discussion section, Empire as a world in itself, or a 'Commonwealth of Nations' rather than an Empire. He writes that while there may be Empires such as India and Egypt within this commonwealth, the bonds within it are not those of a traditional empire such as Russia or Rome, but rather ties of affection. For General Smuts, the the best for a is, British Empire, with its foundation in the Hereditary Monarchy, stands for punctuality 2, 'a fuller, a richer, and more various life among all the nations that compose it'. Document Twenty-nine: Clement R. Atlee, The Labour Party in Perspective: Clement Atlee states that the two pillars of the Labour party's policy for the Empire are 'self government' and 'socialisation'. The first pillar involves allowing for self-government where it is possible, and where it is not possible, formally recognizing the colonies as mandates within the the best for a cover letter, League of nations structure. By opening the colonies for inspection by the League of Nations, the Labour Party intended to ensure that the League accepted some of the responsibility for defending the colonies, thus taking some of the pressure off of the British military. Section? The second pillar is less defined. The only concrete proposal of Atlee's is to turn over the control of the 'means of production' in the colonies to the League of Nations.

Criminology 135 Assignment Three Robert Jago 200015294 In his book, Multicultural Citizenship, Will Kymlicka expounds upon the basis of the collective rights of the several types of groups that make up Canada. He claims that there are first and foremost the two founding nations; This primary grouping is composed of the descendants of the colonizers who created the state in their image. This primary group founded the the best closing statement letter is, state with their conceptions of rights and for romeo privileges in mind. Kymlicka states that these two founding groups are rightfully afforded every chance at self-government. Together with the founders there are immigrants, or 'New Canadians'. The Best Closing Cover Letter? Immigrants and other non-primary (or non-founding) groups do not share in the primary groups' rights. These non-primary groups have no legitimate or just claims to have separate self-governing institutions. Most importantly, these non-primary groups have no moral right whatsoever to have their cultures or languages recognized in attention grabber for romeo and juliet essay, an official capacity. The reason that the the best closing statement cover letter, non-primary groups do not hold the same types of nationality rights as the primary groups is because they voluntarily surrendered their rights as a distinct people by emigrating to essay an established state and society. The duty of New Canadians is to the best closing for a letter assimilate themselves into the dominant society.

The hundreds of Aboriginal peoples that inhabit Canada poses a different sort of rights than either the founders or the immigrants do. Because aboriginal or 'native' Canadians are part of in Canada because of force, they continue to possess the same nationality rights that any other sovereign people posses. Native rights were never surrendered voluntarily, therefore they continue to exist. It is should be noted that all individuals, regardless of their group affiliation [or lack thereof], have certain 'natural rights' such as the freedom of speech and thesis statement apa style assembly and of life, liberty and property. The Best Statement Letter Is? As sovereign peoples, aboriginals continue to have the right to statement their own justice system. They have a right to conscript people, they have a right to closing cover letter is execute people and edd essay so on the best closing for a cover letter is, and so forth. They also have a right to be un-democratic; the rights of peoples and nations have long been recognized as entirely separate from the natural rights of individuals. With it decided that aboriginal nations continue to posses a broad range of nationality rights, the main question at hand is whether or not they should exercise any of these rights. Dissertation? A further question is what is the duty of the Canadian state, if any, to aboriginal individuals, who have a legal status as native and, Canadian citizens. A further question is, should non-status natives, who in many respects are similar to new Canadians, be considered part of the best statement for a cover, this equation. To begin to essay answer these questions there needs first to be a summary of the state of affairs for natives in the criminal justice system.

It is commonly agreed that the central problem behind much native crime is substance abuse , whether that be heroin on the streets of Vancouver, Alcohol in for a letter, the reserves of Saskatchewan, or gasoline and attention grabber for romeo essay glue in the shanties of Labrador. Statement Cover Letter? On some reserves, alcohol is responsible for 95% of crime, with nearly 100% of the writing thesis apa style, adult population involved in some way or other. Furthermore, this alcohol abuse leads to a disproportionate amount of violent crime including spousal and child abuse - both of which may lead to letter is further cycles of family violence. Outside of reserves, natives are disproportionately represented in violent crime and drug related crime as well as domestic violence. Natives comprise between 8 and 68 percent of the provincial prison populations, well beyond their share of the population. There are numerous reasons why natives come into constant conflict with the homework desk, law. One such reason for native conflict with the law is what can be termed, 'a problem of policing'. Several studies have shown that white police officers are more likely to the best statement letter is deal with a complaint involving white people without recourse to arrest. When these same white police officers come into similar conflicts with native or black individuals they are more likely to resort to arrest. Attention For Romeo? One response to this problem of closing statement for a cover letter, policing is to hire native police officers to serve in areas with large native populations.

However, by enlisting natives to police natives one can be said to be pandering to racial biases; it is not dissimilar from punctuality essay for class, enlisting whites to police whites, blacks to police blacks, and so forth - it is at for a, best an unsettling proposal. Furthermore, besides the task of punctuality for class 2, making such a proposal socially acceptable there is closing cover is, a growing body of evidence which shows that the racial biases that native police officers would have may not necessarily benefit natives. In a study regarding the use of for class, deadly force in the United States, it was found that black officers were just as likely to shoot black suspects as were white officers. It was hypothesized that there was both an institutional and the best letter meta-cultural bias against black men and many police officers had this bias, regardless of their own colour. This may also hold true for natives. Natives have traditionally been under valued in white society and this view may have been internalized by natives. The internalization of colonialism and attention grabber for romeo the affectations of the best cover is, it is apparent in Verdun-Jones and child Griffiths' text.

They imply that there is a single native society with traditional communal values and that is based on consensus. The Best Statement For A Cover Letter? Each of those assertions is writing statement apa style, absurd. Native societies are extremely diverse and any unifying aspects are the product of colonialism- something that the authors blame for the high rates of criminality amongst natives. Traditional native society in British Columbia was not based on communal property in the current sense, but was based on clan or familial property that was viciously guarded. There was no peace amongst the first nations of British Columbia. The Best Statement Letter? Crime fighting in pre-contact societies more often involved physical violence than consensus and essay 2 'community healing'. As for communities as they exist today, they are the direct products of colonialism.

Natives never had an egalitarian society with equal justice for all as each type of criminal reform listed in the text holds as an the best statement for a cover letter, axiom. Traditional native society in British Columbia was supported upon a superstructure of slavery, violence and the absolute rights of private and family property. In order to solve the problems of native communities there must be a whole hearted acceptance of some aspects of child homework desk, European culture. There must be a recognition of the pillars of for a cover letter, common law. Attention And Juliet? There must be a recognition of the formal, legal equality of men ,women, and foreigners.

There must be a recognition of the right to confront accused, there must be a statute of limitations, a right of appeal, and all of the basic rights regarding the use of the best closing for a cover, evidence. Homework Desk? Before any major reforms can be undertaken there needs to be a recognition that each level of government has some specific responsibilities with regard to natives. The native governments themselves have a responsibility first and foremost for preserving native culture and statement cover civilization [the term is here used loosely]. Edd Essay? The federal governments under their fiduciary responsibility [held by the crown under section 22] have a duty to native individuals. These dual roles are enshrined in the Charter of statement for a, Rights and child Freedoms. What these roles mean for justice reform is that each government holds a separate interest and must guard this interest in any decision regarding reforms. This does impinge upon the inherent and moral right of sovereignty that the various native nations hold, but there are some political realities that supercede these rights and one of them is that native Canadians are - in the least - the bearers of dual loyalties , national or ethnic and political. The first loyalty is to letter their own racial government, and the second is to for romeo and juliet the civil government in Ottawa. With regard to justice reforms, these separate roles do come into closing for a cover, conflict. Edd Essay? There has been at least one case brought before the the best statement for a cover is, courts on Vancouver Island regarding the excesses of community justice. One man who had become known for drinking and behaving irresponsibly while living in Victoria, was kidnapped under the order of child homework desk, his community's native elders, and with the consent of his family, conscripted into a traditional native healing ceremony.

If the interests of the the best statement for a cover is, community had prevailed we would have heard little of this case. Attention? However, the man in question exercised his rights as a Canadian citizen and invoked the charter against the community that unlawfully attacked him. The men that took him on community orders and beat him into sobriety were charged with kidnapping and assault, much to the consternation of his family and community. The federal government also has a duty to protect the community at large - that is to say, white Canada from closing statement cover letter, dangerous individuals regardless of race or nationality. Edd Essay? Certain offenses such as forcible rape have recently been treated differently if they had been committed by a native. Because of the harsh realities of the residential schools, many natives were sexually abused and have begun to act this out on is, other people, through forcible rape, or child abuse et. al.. Any federal actions in justice reform must therefore take these many factors into consideration. Writing Thesis? First and foremost is the right of natives to have their own justice system. Second is the the best statement for a cover letter is, general issue of writing apa style, accountability and democracy enshrined in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Best Statement For A? Third, their is the fiduciary responsibility to native individuals, coupled with the Peace Order and Good Government related duties of the government to ensure public safety and the general welfare of the non-native populace.

The various native governments have one sole concern on essay, this issue and that is advancing their national self interest. It is an affront to the dignity of for a cover letter, a sovereign nation to have their nationals arrested, tried and imprisoned in a foreign justice system. The most powerful regular exercise of state power is the ability of the state to arrest, try , and detain its wayward citizens. The native governments, if they are to act as real nations do, need this 'big stick' in order to survive and rebuild. The nationalization of the justice system by the Native governments is imperative if they are to legitimately exercise authority over their citizens.. The decision on whether or not there should be a native justice system lay entirely with the federal government. Essay? The question before the federal government is, should it devolve, delegate, or maintain its current responsibilities for the administration of justice on the native reserves. One option for the federal government is to create a parallel federal government of natives with the accompanying institutions such as a court and police system. This was proposed in the Royal Commission on Native Peoples. This option is the most contentious.

The rest of closing cover letter, Canada is likely to balk at any form of consociational government between the races. Any new political arrangements with natives should be on a territorial basis, because of Canadian's familiarity with this form of governmental responsibility. Another reason for psychology, the devolution of justice on a territorial basis is the sheer diversity of native nations. Some native peoples may not wish to accept responsibility for the administration of their own justice system for one reason or another. Perhaps they do not trust the statement letter is, factions within their nations to be able to edd essay impartially administer a court and police system. The record to date of native government and policing has shown that impartiality and the independence of the police are far from guaranteed. The purpose for constructing a separate native justice system is to mitigate the harmful effects of colonialism which are responsible for the heightened criminality of natives. While the proposition that colonialism has hurt natives more than it has helped them is open to question, what must be dealt with here is whether or not a separate court and policing system for each native nation will 'heal the wounds' of a century or two of colonial rule. The answer is, yes and no. On some reserves or tribes with large enough populations and with the basic tenets of western-liberal justice and democracy established, a justice system would be a welcome step on the road to becoming full partners in the federation. On reserves here nepotism and ancient class and racial bigotry reign, the addition of the police would be half way towards creation of closing, a police state.

The devolution of justice to some native nations would allow for the racialization or nationalization of many high paid and professional jobs. This would immediately give a boost to the native societies. Beyond that, native civilians would benefit from having full access to people of their own race who share their cultural prejudices and traits. However, it is unclear if these utopian reserves of rights and democracy and brotherhood exist. The most likely and most beneficial choice the grabber for romeo, federal government could make for natives is to delegate the responsibility for the court system to them. This would mean the stationing of statement for a cover, federal officers on the basis of their race and essay national origin [presumably native - or more specifically Salish, Tsipsian or whatever] to reserves. Furthermore it would mean the creation of a separate system of circuit or county courts for the reserves that would remain part of the provincial or federal court system. Perhaps this new system could be adjunct to the federal court. A separate layer of the federal or provincial courts that would serve justice on reserves only would be halfway between an autonomous paralell native federation, and a native archipelago of four or five hundred justice systems. This final option would have the added benefit of maintaining control of the courts in the Department of Indian Affairs and or justice. The judges would be federally appointed from a separate native court bar [just as there is a Supreme Court bar].

Furthermore the separate level of courts would be acceptable to many non-native Canadians. The court would have a specific territorial entity as its jurisdiction and statement letter is this entity is not composed exclusively of the people of one race. The court would administer justice on child homework desk, the territory of the reserves. Just as the supreme court of the united states refers to the laws of the states of a cases origin when rendering their decisions, the new federal court could refer to the numerous reserve or national laws when rendering its decisions. A native court, a native bar, and closing for a cover is native judges, administering local native laws do not necessarily prevent a native man for getting drunk and beating his wife.

The sense of punctuality for class 2, pride at having his own court system is likely to the best closing statement cover is do little as well. Attention For Romeo? What is for a, wrong with the reserves is a lack of economic opportunity and a lack of order. Edd Essay? Economic opportunity is not within the scope of this paper, but order is. If there cannot be a separate federal police force for natives, and if policing cannot be devolved to native governments for fear if giving too much power to too many corrupt regimes, then what is to be done with the police? A separate police division of the RCMP has been tried and has failed. What could work is a piece meal response that would have capable reserves with their own police forces and lesser reserves with a force of specially trained RCMP subject to local police boards. This would be coupled with a native court sensitive to coerced evidence, police prejudices and differential use of the arresting power. The Best For A Letter Is? The separate layers of policing may cut down on many of the unnecessary arrest of natives as well as allow people to have more confidence in the police and call them before a domestic disturbance turns violent. This would likely take care of many of the psychology discussion section, problems of order on the reserves. The courts would both serve as a support for the new policing system and act as a booster of national pride. With the question of law and order on the reserves out of the way, there is the question of extra-territoriality and the Metis and the best closing for a cover letter non-status natives .The key component of any separate system of writing thesis statement apa style, justice should be that it is based on territorial distinctions.

That is the only practical way of administering justice and selling justice to a population of closing statement for a letter, fair weather egalitarians like the edd essay, Canadians . The Metis where they have their own territories should be allowed to be part of the native court and policing systems. Status natives living off reserve should have no recourse to statement cover letter is the native courts if their crime was not committed on reserve. Because the court are founded on a territorial basis they have a limited exclusive jurisdiction. Attention For Romeo? Non-status natives have voted with their feet in the same way that all immigrants have, and they have opted out of native national life, the reserve police and court system should not apply to them. While natives should have no access to the reserve court system if they are not physically on a reserve they still will have problems with criminality. The only feasible solution for urban natives is to closing have regular police officers of native ancestry in areas with large native populations. Besides that, all that can be done is mandatory awareness campaigns for the police, crown counsel and judges. Such training would focus on the rules of evidence and for romeo and juliet the differential use of the discretionary power by police and by prosecutors which has resulted in discrimination against natives. Closing Statement Cover Letter Is? The presence of native police officers on psychology dissertation section, the 'native beat' might allow people of the best closing statement, native ancestry to feel more comfortable with the officers and to come to them with problems earlier.

Native police officers may treat people of their own race better than people of an other race and deal with the former's problems out of court. While this beneficial racial is both unsettling and less than a certainty ,the presence of native police officers in disturbances amongst natives could in the least diffuse the situation and turn it from a racial confrontation to one merely of the police and a criminal. It is an uncomfortable conclusion to come to, however, it has been arrived at here. A separate Native court system, based on territory is the punctuality, best means possible to correct the ill effects of the colonial experience. Because white-Canada has shown that it is unlikely to accept any system based solely on race and nationality - a separate native court system that would be open to all the closing statement for a, natives of mesopitamia essay, Canada is not politically feasible. A territorial division of power is common in Canada, and the extension of this division of powers to is natives -while contentious- is punctuality 2, not an impossibility. If such a court was kept as an adjunct to the federal court, and had a narrow jurisdiction over the reserves only, it could correct some of the ill effects of the colonial legacy - at statement for a cover letter is, least on mesopitamia essay, the reserves.

However many Natives do not live on reserve, though they do share in the best for a letter is, the stigma of being native. Because white police officers, prosecutors, and judges, have been shown to discriminate against natives. Mesopitamia Essay? The evidence shows that native police officers may be as likely to discriminate against the best closing statement is, natives as are white police. The best possible solution is the recruitment of native police officers for areas with high native populations in the hope that they would in the least encourage natives to report crime amongst themselves more readily than they do with white officers. Dissertation Discussion? In order to deal with some of the discrimination, there also needs to be a sensitivity program to include the police, judges, and prosecutors. While these solutions fall far short of what is needed to solve the problem of native criminality, it is the farthest one can politically go in closing is, Canada toward a solution. Crim201: Canada?s sexual assault laws were, until recently, based in the customary tradition of the United Kingdom. That tradition in thesis statement, itself is based on closing cover letter, more ancient traditions. The common thread to most if not all sexual assault laws throughout history has been their exclusion of the statement, martial relationship as a possible venue for sexual assault.

The first proposed laws on sexual assault in this study originate in classical Athens. This law was not specifically a rape law, but rather dealt with justifiable homicide. Drafted by Plato, it stated that: The man who forcibly violates a free woman or boy shall be slain with impunity by the person thus violently outraged, or by the best statement for a cover his father, or brother and edd essay sons . And should a man discover his wedded wife being violated, he shall be guiltless if he kills the violator (Cohen 1993, p.8). This law protects both men and women from sexual assault ? which is something that Canadian law did not achieve until 1983. This law still does not protect a spouse from rape by his or her partner. It is statement for a cover is, also important to draw attention to whom the psychology discussion, offense is being committed against.

It is stated that if a man discovers ?his? wife being raped, he may respond with deadly force. The act itself is not committed against the best for a cover letter, the wife but against the husband?s possession. The next law comes from the Roman Empire. Unlike Athenian and Canadian law, this law provides for grabber, the possibility of a woman committing rape. Also, unlike Athenian and early American law, rape or ?lewd advances? could be committed against closing for a cover letter, a slave(Russell 1975, p.13). If anyone makes lewd advances, be it a man or a woman, freeborn or freed, he will be liable for the outrage and even if an essay, attempt is made on the chastity of for a is, a slave, this too is deemed to be an outrage (Justinian ca 550, p. 166). This law is a codification of earlier Roman law. Among the key points to note about the statement, law is that it falls within the realm of the best closing statement for a cover letter, tort. Attention Grabber For Romeo? Sexual assault at this early stage was only a concern for the state if it was committed by the best statement letter a slave.

It is also important to note that the edd essay, terms used in statement for a cover letter, this law are not specifically inclusive of husbands and essay wives. No provision existed for the prosecution of statement for a cover, rape within marriage. Marriage in the middle ages was, until 1180, an object of contention. While in mesopitamia essay, Rome there were several ways in which one could be married, with different social and legal ramifications (Kolbert 1979, pp.54-57), in Europe Pope Alexander III decreed that there should be but one (Brundage 1993, pp.247-248). The Pope ruled that marriage began after an agreement to for a letter is marry had been consummated (Ibid. p.248). Child Homework Desk? In several cases involving leprosy, the Pope ruled that because the marriage had been consummated, one spouse had a duty to go with the stricken spouse to the leposarium where he will ?give her sexual solace on the best statement for a, demand? or where she will provide him with ?marital affection? (Ibid. p.249). An emphasis should be put on the term ?consummated?. By the 13th century it had been generally agreed that two sorts of rights existed in marriage(Ibid. Dissertation Section? p.251). The first set were created with the agreement to marry, and those involved the marital rights such as property. The second set of rights were sexual rights or ?implied consent?.

These second rights were created when the couple consummated their marriage. A 14th century court ruling shows that, while the marital rights could be dissolved by separation, these sexual rights were permanent: We hold the closing for a letter is, defendant bound to mesopitamia essay pay the conjugal debt to the best closing statement for a letter the plaintiff in homework, her father?s house one night each week and to keep this obligation faithfully, until we shall order otherwise (Brundage, p.252). The marital debt was a very real and the best for a letter enforceable debt throughout the middle ages. By most definitions (positivists excepted), what the court ordered in that case was a weekly, scheduled rape. This practice continued throughout the dissertation discussion, middle ages. Rape could only be committed by a man against statement for a cover letter is, a free woman(Wemple 1993, p.229). Punishments usually involved a fine which varied depending on the amount of force used (5 solidi for abduction and rape, 8 more solidi if he used a sword). A common punishment for a man who committed rape was that he must pay the offended family the bride-price. If she consented to sex, the price was reduced by one third. Consent was the property of the father or brothers, and sexual assault was an offence against their property (Ibid.).

Other punishments for rape included enslavement to the offended family (if the punctuality 2, offender was a servant or only half free), and death if the the best statement cover letter is, offender had the child, audacity to flee to a church (Ibid.). Rape in the best is, the United Kingdom is a more puzzling affair. While it is commonly accepted that these mediaeval laws persisted, there is some evidence to dissertation the contrary. The doctrine on common law and for a cover letter marital rape was stated explicitly in the 1275 and punctuality 2 1285 Statutes of letter is, Westminster Johnson and edd essay Sigler 1997, p11). This was reiterated by the 17th century judge Sir Mathew Hale. Closing Statement Cover Letter? He stated that ?the wife hath given up herself in this kind unto her husband which she cannot retract? (Hall 1984, p.xvi).

He based his judgement on ?ancient common law doctrine?. While the dissertation discussion, Athenian, Roman, and the best closing statement for a letter is Papal law cited above does suggest that Sir Mathew was factually accurate, he may not have been technically correct. Common law is an organic law which changes with each judicial ruling. These rulings are able to psychology dissertation overturn legal doctrines such as the kind described in the best letter, this paper so far. In 1631 a man was convicted in England of raping his wife (Hall, p.xvi). This suggests that perhaps, ?ancient common law doctrine? had long since been overturned by the time that Sir Mathew got to it. Edd Essay? Nevertheless it persisted unchanged until it was transferred to Canada in closing statement cover letter is, the 18th century. In 1800, the laws of England such as they were on September 17th, 1792, became Canadian laws. This was accomplished with the Act for the Further Introduction of English Criminal Law into Upper Canada (Garley 1989, p.26).

These laws were ineffective. Edd Essay? Between 1840 and 1892, in Ontario, there were 228 rape prosecutions and 49 convictions (Ibid. pp. 29-30). By the late 1800?s the absurdity inherent in Sir Mathew Hale?s proclamation became evident. In R. Closing For A Letter? v. Clarence, the courts decided that while a husband had the right to sexual intercourse with his wife, he could not enforce that right by using force(anon. 2000). The implied consent or the ?sexual rights? were no longer considered to be absolute: Subsequent decisions restricted Hale's proposition to situations where husband and edd essay wife enjoyed ordinary relations between them, thus exposing abusive husbands to prosecution for rape where they were judicially separated or where the wife had initiated divorce proceedings and had been granted a decree nisi (Ibid.). The law continued to crumble throughout the 20th century. In 1935, Southern Australia allowed for the conviction (albeit under exceptionally violent circumstances) of a husband for raping his wife.

In 1965, New Zealand permitted for the prosecution of husbands for raping their wives when a decree nisi was in place. Scotland barred spousal rape altogether in 1989, and England followed suit in 1991 (Ibid.). Canadian rape law throughout this period changed only the best for a is once. While the absolute sexual rights that were referred to in the mediaeval period and reinforced by Sir Mathew Hale did not survive the start of the twentieth century, the formal law still remained in place. It was not until 1983 that the law shielding a husband from edd essay, a rape prosecution by his wife passed into history. The law as it stood in 1927, and titled ?Unlawful Carnal Knowledge? reads as follows: 298. Closing Statement For A Letter? Rape is the psychology dissertation discussion, act of the best closing statement for a letter is, a man having carnal knowledge of a woman who is not his wife without her consent, or with consent which has been extorted by threats or fear of bodily harm, or obtained by punctuality essay 2 personating the woman?s husband, or by the best for a cover is false and fraudulent representations as to the nature and quality of the act. [emphasis mine] (R.S., 1927, 289, p.87) By 1980, this law remained unchanged(Tremeear?s 1980 Criminal Code 143, p.61). A rape by definition could not be committed by homework a husband against his wife. While the absolute sexual right in perpetuity had ceased to exist, the the best for a cover is, right was maintained in psychology section, existing marriages though it was grounds for divorce. The result of the best statement cover letter is, these laws was the gross under reporting of rape. It was not simply because many women believed that their attackers would not be punished, but it is that many women did not believe that an attack had taken place (Russell, p.134).

Furthermore, because the state had for so long assumed that a husband had a right to his wife?s body, many wives had accepted and adapted to dissertation section the situation. For a woman to see her husband as a rapist and to the best closing for a cover letter continue to live with him is often too difficult. Many are too dependent on their husbands for economic, social, and psychological reasons to leave. Child Homework? One solution for these women is not to the best closing for a is see forcible intercourse as rape. Another more common adaptation is to give up the right to say no, to thesis statement apa style be always sexually available, regardless of her wishes (Rusell 1975, p.71). Women?s poor economic and social status had allowed for their continued use as sexual objects. The law reflected this.

It is a truism to state that Canada is closing statement cover is, a patriarchal society. There are reasons why this is so easily said, and the law prior to edd essay 1983 is one of the best closing letter is, them. However, the law did change. With bill c-127 (1983) the law expanded to include spousal sexual assaults as part of its jurisdiction (Boritch, pp.234-235). Possibly because of this and reforms to the rules of evidence, the number of reported sexual assaults rose dramatically.

However, while half of all women in Canada will be the victims of sexual assault in their lives (Ontario Woman?s Directorate 2000) only 6 percent of these women will report that assault to the authorities (Boritch 1997, p.213 and child homework p.224). Statement For A Letter Is? R. Writing? v. The Best? White (1-24 C.C.C. 3d,) is an example of a crime that would not have been prosecuted prior to the 1983 reforms. R. v. White is a 1986 case, brought before the British Columbia Court of edd essay, Appeal. The accused (White) was married to the victim, but they were estranged (Ibid., p.1).

The victim returned home one night to find the accused wearing surgical gloves and holding a pillow. Closing For A Cover Letter? She screamed, at which point he put the pillow over essay, her face, and the best statement cover is then covered her mouth with a bandage that wrapped around her head. He then beat her, threatened to murder her, and then after a long discussion, she went into punctuality 2, the bedroom, where she was raped (Ibid., p.1). Before I continue, I should add that the actions described were perfectly legal until very recently. Closing For A Cover? The accused claimed that the discussion led him to believe that his wife had consented to sex. Child Desk? He stated that he believed that sex was an attempt at reconciliation. The issue at hand in R. v. White is whether his mistaken belief that his wife consented is a valid defense. While the appeal of his conviction was dismissed, the fact that it went to trial is significant. If he had engaged in the identical activity three years earlier, he would have committed no crime. The signal difference between the law as it stands today and the law is it stood prior to 1983, was the closing statement for a cover letter, fact that wives are no longer considered to be the writing apa style, possession of their husbands.

Sexual assault by intimates including spouses comprises 38 percent of all sexual assaults in statement letter, Canada (Ontario Women?s Directorate). However, while 6 percent of the total number of sexual assaults are reported to police, only 1 percent of these sexual assaults by intimates are reported (Ibid.). Several reasons for this lack of reporting are provided in surveys. One major reason for not reporting sexual assaults by intimates is that the child homework, nature of the relationship may lead authorities to suspect that there really was consent. Furthermore, many women may not view a sexual assault by a husband or boyfriend as such. They may internalize the blame and closing cover say such things as, ?what did you think he wanted,? ?you drank with him didn't you,? or ?you should have expected something like this to happen.?(Ibid.).

In a search through fifty editions of Canadian Criminal Cases, I found only psychology section one case of spousal rape that was prosecuted. The vast majority of sexual assault prosecutions continue to be for assaults by strangers, on young women. Prior rape and the best closing for a cover letter sexual assault laws sought to protect the chastity of the same class of young women from sexual predator. Edd Essay? The purpose was to defend men?s property. A look at which rapes are prosecuted shows that this is the best statement for a, still the punctuality for class 2, case. Sexual assault law has existed since the the best statement for a cover is, time of homework, Plato. The point of that law, and the best closing statement for a cover letter is nearly every law that succeeded it was, in the case of women, not to protect them as victims, but to protect their husbands, brothers, or fathers as guardians. Sexual assault law developed slowly through the mediaeval period, and followed the punctuality for class, development of marriage and closing statement letter is spousal property. Essay? While in the Roman Empire, a woman was a free citizen with the the best closing statement cover letter, rights to dispose of her property, and enter into free contracts, in the mediaeval period, she was a possession to be transferred for a price from father to child desk husband.

The mediaeval period saw the development of the principle of closing letter is, a ?sexual right? that comes into existence with the consummation of a marriage. Mesopitamia Essay? This right was so absolute as to allow the authorities to order a former wife to submit to a weekly scheduled rape. As this law came to England it was formalized in the 1275 and 1285 Statutes of Westminster. These confirmed a husband?s right to have sex with his wife, whenever he chose. In 1800, these laws came to Canada. For more than a century , the absolute and statement for a unbreakable sexual rights remained unchallenged. By the start of the 20th century, they were slowly chipped away at. A husband lost the statement apa style, absolute right to rape his wife even after they divorced. This right was confined to a marriage where ?ordinary relations? persisted. This law stood until 1983.

With bill c-127, the sexual assault laws were finally expanded to include violence within a marriage. However, regardless of the new law, few reports of spousal rapes are made. The reasons for this are numerous, but the most troubling is the belief by many wives, that what happened was not an assault. It is cover letter, not until this last problem of internalized blame is dealt with that two millennia of reforms can have any real deterrent value. Bibliography Annonymous (2000). The Historical Development of the essay for class 2, Offense of the best closing statement cover is, Rape. http:canadiancrimanallaw.com/articles/srticles/rape.htm.

Boritch, Helen. Fallen Women: Female Crime and Criminal Justice in Canada, ITP Nelson (Toronto: 1997). Brundage, James A. Implied Consent to Intercourse pp. Child Desk? 245-256, Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993). Cohen, David. Consent and Sexual Relations in Classical Athens pp. 5-16, Consent and for a cover letter Coercion to edd essay Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993).

The Criminal Code and Other Selected Statutes of Canada, Edmond Cloutier (Ottawa: 1948). Garley, Kenneth David William. A Trust Betrayed: Sexual Assault in Dating/Courtship Relations and the Response of the Canadian Criminal Justice System. Simon Fraser University (Burnaby, B.C.:1989). Hall, Ruth and Selma James and Judit Kertesz, The Rapist Who Pays the Rent, Falling Wall Press (Bristol : 1984). Johnson, Ida M. and Robert Sigler, Forced Sexual Intercourse in Intimate Relationships, Ashgate-Dartmouth (Aldershot:1997). Justinian (trans.) (circa 550) The Digest of closing statement cover is, Roman Law: Theft, Rapine, Dammage and Insult, C.F. Kolbert ed..Penguin Books (Middlesex, England: 1979) Ontario Women?s Directorate (2000). Sexual Assault Dispelling the Myths. http:www.womanabuseprevention.com/html/sexual_assault.html. R. Essay? v. White (1986), Canadian Criminal Cases, 1-24 C.C.C. (3d) Russell, Diana E.H., The Politics of Rape:The Victim?s Perspective, Stein and Day Publishers (New York: 1975).

Treemar?s 1980 Criminal Code and Miscellaneous Statutes, The Carswell Company ltd. (Toronto: 1980). Wemple, Suzanne F. Consent and Dissent to Sexual Intercourse in Germanic Societies from the statement for a letter is, Fifth to the Tenth Century pp. 227-244, Consent and Coercion to Sex and for class Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993). Feminist Crim. When the the best closing for a is, words ?women? and ?crime? are spoken, the first two words to come to many minds are ?sexual assault?. According to thesis statement apa style most statistics, more than half of all women in Canada will be the victims of sexual assault in their lives (Ontario Woman?s Directorate 2000). In some segments of the for a cover letter is, population that number rises to 83 percent (Ibid.). While these numbers are high, the numbers of convictions for sexual assault are not.

According to information presented by Helen Boritch, 10 percent of women can expect to be sexually assaulted in any given year, while only edd essay 6 percent of these women will report that assault to the authorities (Boritch 1997, p.213 and p.224) . There is a very large discrepency of numbers. The vast majority of sexual assaults go unreported. The vast majority of sexual assaults are committed by someone the victim knows (Ibid. pp.212-213). Perhaps the reason that so many sexual assaults go unreported is because of statement cover letter is, this overriding fact (Ontario Woman?s Directorate). Sexual assault within families was until recently legal in Canada.

The thinking went as such: The husband cannot be guilty of rape committed by himself upon child homework desk his lawful wife, for by their mutual matrimonial consent and contract the wife hath given up herself in this kind unto her husband which she cannot retract (Hall, James and Kertesz 1984, p.20). The authorities believed that common law provided for the lawful rape of a wife by the best statement letter her husband. And Juliet? While this is a patently false proposition, by the 18th century, it had become the official line (Ibid. The Best Cover Is? p.xvi). I didn?t feel that I had been raped. I felt more that I was stupid because I went out with a white fraternity guy. Child Homework Desk? ..so I blamed myself for closing for a cover letter is, going out with him. Thesis Apa Style? Also I didn?t think of it as rape because I knew him and because I consented to go. At the time I thought rape was a man coming out the best statement is of the bushes and attacking you, so somebody you knew couldn?t rape you (Russell 1975, p.134). For a woman to see her husband as a rapist and to continue to live with him is often too difficult. Many are too dependent on their husbands for economic, social, and psychological reasons to leave. One solution for these women is not to see forcible intercourse as rape. Another more common adaptation is to give up the right to say no, to be always sexually available, regardless of her wishes (Rusell 1975, p.71).

Crim (Deviancy) : Is there a point in my life when I considered myself to essay be deviant, or others considered me to the best closing statement cover letter be deviant? If so, how was the punctuality, situation resolved? People are always telling me that I am ?weird?. I disagree with them. I believe that I am one of the least deviant people I know. I am very old fashioned though, so maybe that?s why I get the weird label. Nevertheless, there are few times in my life when I consider myself to be a ?deviant?. My self-concept appears to follow a dialectical pattern. I consider myself to be part of a group, and identify with that group and its values. I increasingly find myself uncomfortable with some of the things which that group does or talks about.

At some point an statement for a is, incident occurs, and I become isolated from the group. I then identify with a new group, and the process starts over. In other words, my membership in the first group can be considered a thesis. The thesis consists of that group?s world-view, which I share in. The crisis is the antithesis, it is the stage at which the dissertation section, cognitive dissonance that occurred within the thesis comes out into the open. The Best Statement For A Cover? Finally the mesopitamia, new group is the synthesis.

In the synthesis, the world-view that I held in statement letter, the thesis group is largely gone, as are the troubles of the antithesis. The most memorable dialectical shift in my life occurred in 1990-1991. In 1990, I was part of the dominant white clique at my junior high school, in suburban Richmond. While everyone had got along in elementary school, we all divided along racial lines when we got to high school. The Chinese kids all went and spent time together, and even the Chinese kids that could not speak Chinese, went. The East-Indian kids did as the child homework desk, Chinese did, and the white kids followed suit. There was not anything malicious about any of the best letter, it. Well, that is not entirely true.

Much of our time in the white group was spent making fun of kids in desk, the East Indian and Chinese groups. Closing Statement? However, we were not entirely racist, all the black kids in our school were part of our group. Our group had their own ?territory?, drama and the arts were ours, as well as physical education, while we gave the East-Indian kids shop class, and the Chinese kids, computer science. The rest of the classes were required, so we could not split them up as easily, though we did manage some how. By 1990, I was firmly ensconced in this group. I had few complaints about it, I am quite good at making fun of people, so I was a valuable asset to the collective. In the psychology discussion, summer of 1990, an incident happened which upset my place within the group. The Best Closing For A? On July 11th of that year, a group of punctuality essay for class 2, armed Mohawks got into a shooting war with the Quebec provincial police.

My group hated French immersion kids, so it seemed obvious to me which side we would come down on. I did not worry. Statement For A Cover Letter? Much to my surprise, the psychology section, general attitude among the white kids was that the government should send in tanks, and get rid of the the best closing is, ?Indians?. It had not occurred to me until that point that I am half-?Indian?. My family came down firmly on the side of the Mohawks. Most of my male cousins who were old enough went off to join one blockade or another, and at least one got himself sent to prison for his troubles. We went out to the reserve more often. Child Homework? Previously we had gone there for the winter ceremonies, or for birthday parties. This time we were going out there to ?plan things?. Back at home amongst my friends, I found myself increasingly isolated. Statement Letter? I got into more and more fights, both verbal and desk physical.

People that had been part of my group ? though not friends per se, walked past me like they did not know me. I started spending time with the black kids and the girls, and while they were not as overtly racist as the white boys, they were still racist. Young boys tend not to hide things, while young girls ? at least in that group- seem to believe that in order to the best statement cover letter is be ?nice? it is their duty to mesopitamia hide their opinions. Closing Cover Is? By the end of the summer I found myself completely shut out of the white group. I was the one of only two native kids at my school, so there was no chance of joining the native clique. The other native kid had lighter skin, so he began to pretend that he was Italian. I would say that ?I can?t blame him? but in reality I hated him and consider him to be a two-faced traitor. I spent more time on the reserve and with my younger cousins. With them, all the anger that had developed from edd essay, being isolated could be vented destructively. It was o.k. in that group to hate the the best is, police and the government.

It was o.k. to through rocks at police cars and buildings as well as other things that can not be mentioned here. 2? In fact, not only was it o.k. amongst the new clique, but it was accepted and approved of by closing for a cover letter the adults around us. The point at which I switched allegiances entirely from white society to native society was at edd essay, a family barbecue. The barbecue was at an uncle?s house. He was on the white side of the best closing statement for a cover, my family. Everyone at the barbecue was white but me. Most of them were family, though there were a few family friends there. My parents stayed at home. That day happened to be the same day that the army advanced on native positions around Montreal.

Raw footage of the attack was broadcast on live television. I was glued to the news, and was very upset. I asked everyone else to come see what was happening. Because they were family I assumed that they would take my side. The group became very upset too, but at the natives.

One of grabber for romeo essay, my uncles friends went on a rant and started saying that all those ?Indians? want out of the crisis is money to statement for a letter is buy liquor. That is amongst the more polite things that he said. I noticed that several of my aunts and uncles agreed with him. My grandparents refused to say a word in my defense. When I did open my mouth to yell at him and edd essay give him the usual ?shpeel? about oppression et. al., I was hushed up. Closing Statement Cover Is? I got up, and left. I walked home from there and mesopitamia told my parents. My father (he is very white) got into a loud argument over the phone with my uncle and my grandparents.

My mother yelled at me for going to the barbecue in the first place. It was after the barbecue that I decided that I would completely abandon ?white? culture in favor of native (Salish) culture, and religion. In a pique of melodrama I went to the living room and threw my bible and the best closing letter little plastic Canadian flag into the fireplace. I have since changed since then, I know have a European wife, and white friends, and while I am no Christian, I certainly would not burn a perfectly good bible today. However, I still align myself with the native cause, and have abandoned any pretenses of Canadian citizenship. It is difficult to understand which theory of deviancy applied to writing statement me in that situation. Perhaps demonology applied to me, I did become a heathen, though that was after the fact (Gomme, p.41). If I was not possessed by the dark forces of the ?fallen one?, maybe I was the product of my environment (Ibid., p.43). However, my environment was a townhouse complex which was at least one quarter Jewish, and was smack in the center of suburban Vancouver. If environment played any role in my formation, I would have joined the Lion?s Club, or become a Freemason.

Two theories of deviance hold the most possibility for explaining my situation. The first is containment theory. Containment theory is the theory of inner and outer forces pushing and pulling someone toward deviance (Ibid., p.81). Gomme writes that: Social forces that push and pull people toward deviant behavior include?membership in an ethnic minority, restricted access to legitimate opportunities (Gomme, p.81). These external social forces included my peers and my extended family. The Best Closing Statement For A Letter Is? On the one hand, the white side of family, and my white friends ostracized me, and openly attacked me, while on the other hand, the native part of my family, allowed me to edd essay vent my frustrations, and provided friends, and a ready target for teenage anger. I would also consider that my access to ?legitimate opportunities? was hampered by the activities of the whites around me. By ostracizing me, and making school unpleasant, the whites prevented me from achieving the scholastic success that was due. They also prevented me from pursuing the social relationships that I had established over the best closing cover letter, four or more years. This legitimate frustration sought me to seek success in the native community and to attempt to form social bonds with natives.

Internal forces that constrain an individual from deviancy include, ?a positive self-concept, a strong ego, an intense sense of personal responsibility, and a high frustration threshold? (Gomme, p.81). Psychology Dissertation Section? I know for a fact that I had none of these qualities. More often than not, a poor self-concept, and weak ego, led me to follow the crowd, and go along with whatever the closing, group told me to do. As for personal responsibility and the ability to for class 2 be frustrated, I was suspect that I was an average teenager, and therefore, both of these things were absent. Containment theory appears to be a perfect fit. I was pushed into deviancy by the people around me. There are other theories that may be a better fit.

I will discount social control theory, because of its reliance on the concept of deterrence (Ibid., p.89). I do not believe that there was either a general or a specific deterrence factor to being native. The Best For A Letter? Up until 1990, being native was an curiosity, like being double jointed; it could be trotted out at parties to essay impress and entertain people. At that time, there was almost an incentive to be exotic. Incentive does not apply in my case though. Labeling theory has some interesting possibilities. The Oka crisis was an act of primary deviance (Gomme, p.100). If the Canadian State was to defend a burial ground in ? say, France ? from conversion into a golf course, it would be considered to be legitimate. The Best? However, because the Mohawks lacked many of the legitimate venues that a Country would have in lobbying another on psychology discussion, the international stage, they were forced into an act of violence ? a blockade. The Best Closing Cover Letter Is? Afterwards they were attacked, and used force to defend themselves ? something that any country would do. However because the Mohawk country is not recognized, what they did was considered to be an act of terrorism, and mesopitamia they were punished for it in those terms.

As for me, the primary act of deviance was defending the Mohawks in the Oka crisis. While the majority of my peers were attacking the Mohawks, I came to the best closing statement for a cover is their defense. My first act of defense was primary deviance because it was isolated, and did not result in ?continuous negative social reaction? (Ibid.). Because I did not consider that act of primary deviance to be deviant, I would not be self-identified as a deviant. Gomme writes about what happened next: The application of and juliet essay, derogatory labels and the severing of connections to conventional sphere intensify the construction of a deviant identity by forcing the for a cover is, devalued person to seek out others in similar situations who can provide more favorable reflections of the self. Attention Grabber For Romeo? (Gomme, p.101). This description matches my situation to a tee. I was labeled as an ?Indian? (trust me, as a native, that is an closing for a cover is, insult), and my social connections were severed.

I sought out new social situations in which I would be accepted and my anger approved of. As I wrote at the start of this paper, I do not consider myself to be a deviant ? in any sense of the term. Labeling theory requires that I identify with my deviance. I do not, and did not. My main goal in life is to modernize native society, and help guide it toward independence.

If I accepted native society as it is, I suppose that I could be considered deviant in the labeling theory sense. However, my allegiance to native society, is a biological one, that recognizes my membership in it as a fact of biology. My formal association with native life began because I was pushed into it. Punctuality For Class? When that force was removed I formed new friendships with whites. It is the best statement, because of punctuality essay 2, this that I suspect that the best explanation for my period of deviance is contained in containment theory. I would draw a comparison between my situation and that of people described in ?Normalcy and Visibility?.

While I am not often mistaken as Anglo-Saxon white, I do have a passing resemblance to a straight-haired version of a Jewish stereotype; I have also passed as Catalonian, Mexican, and Greek. People do not know that I am native until I tell them; I am racially ambiguous. The article gives one major relevant factor to living with an invisible disability. The first was that people had the option of maintaining a ?semblance of normalcy? (Thorne 1993, p.9). I my case, I have the option of passing as white. This is disturbingly important in this country. For example , until recently I worked in a West Side grocery store. This store had an up market clientele. Among the items the store sold were bags and cards with native designs on them. After a while began to the best statement for a cover is notice that in spite of this native friendly image that the essay, store had, even middle-class natives could not enter the the best statement cover, store without being considered to be a shoplifter by child the management. My co-workers also occasionally told stories in which natives were attacked or demeaned.

If I were to reveal my identity, I would face being excluded from these conversations. If I was excluded from these conversations, I would face being excluded from their social circle in general, and statement for a letter any future options for advancement that arise from homework desk, being a part of the ?in? group. I decided to keep my mouth shut, and get a raise instead. If I was visibly more native that option would not have been open to me. Deviance in my case is not really deviance on my part. When I did have a spell of the best closing for a letter, deviant activity, it was caused by external forces. Edd Essay? When those external forces were removed, the statement for a cover, deviancy ended. This deviancy is in some ways voluntary, because I can hide it. However, I do not believe that by child homework engaging in a profound act of self-denial can be a reasonable choice, so the voluntary choice is somewhat less real. I have found many other people in similar situations. There are quite a few natives that can pass in white society, and do so, however, they maintain a true allegiance to their nation.

I have found this common thread among many other natives: they had a lot more white friends, until opinions hardened against our peoples. While we hold the same western liberal views that we have always had, we no longer see Canada, or our white liberal peers, as friends but enemies, and dangerous ones at that; and it is not something that we chose. Bibliography Gomme, Ian. The Shadow Line: Deviance and Crime in Canada, Harcourt Brace Jovonovich (Tornto: 1993). Cover Letter? Thorne, S.E. (1993).

Normalcy and punctuality for class 2 Visibility. In Social Explanations of Criminal and the best statement letter Deviant Behaviour, Brian Burtch Ed., Simon Fraser University (Burnaby, B.C.: 2000). Crim 135: Essay 2 The major argument in favour of punctuality essay for class 2, curtailing judicial independence and prosecutorial discretion is that the justice system needs to be more accountable, more consistent, and more predictable. Each of these counts against the justice system is based on the mistaken assumption that the justice system needs to be a rational and efficient corporate body. That is to say, that the justice system must act as a single entity with the rasion d?etre of fighting, controlling, and deterring crime. The advocates of the best cover letter is, legal straightjackets have failed to prove their prima facie case. The justice system has no need to be a single solid structure with automated systems of edd essay, judges, lawyers and parole officers. In the strictly constructed systems of our less-democratic cousins, lawyers, judges and statement cover is their ilk serve only to diagnose the criminal for the sole purpose of discussion section, placing them in a category of offender, prisoner, and parolee.

The primary fault of the argument in favour of judicial and prosecutorial constraints is that it carries in itself the tacit assumption of guilt. By merely categorizing a citizen as an offender under the criminal code, the most authoritarian and unaccountable element of the justice system, the closing for a letter, police, has effectively acted as judge jury and thesis statement executioner. The citizen, who becomes labeled as an offender under the criminal code is shunted off to a holding cell, where, another police official determines if they are to be released. This police official would, at this stage in closing for a letter is, the current system use subjective criteria to determine if the offender was a significant risk and should be released; in a constrained system, the crime would determine the desk, availability of release automatically. The Best Statement Cover? In the constrained system, the belligerent, and indigent, flasher would go free; while the tenured professor whose failing student wrongfully accused him of rape would be sent before a judge. Upon reaching the writing statement, judge, the closing cover letter, charges wold determine the bail-after all, consistency is the modus vivendi of the constrained system.

Griffiths and Verdun-Jones note that those people that have been denied bail and appear at their trial in state custody are more likely to be found guilty, and, when found so, they are more likely than other convicted citizens to receive a harsh sentence. Beside the clear difficulty encountered by imprisoned people in mounting a defense against the state's accusations, there is a secondary problem of facing a jury of their peers while in mesopitamia essay, custody. To the average citizen, the appearance of one of their wayward neighbours in the best closing for a cover letter, chains is likely to prejudice them against him or her. In a future system of 'consistent' justice it is punctuality essay, likely that those offences where the punishment is most severe, the indictable offences, that the citizen is the best closing letter is, likely to be held in custody; and, it is those same indictable offences, to be tried before a jury, where the accussed's status as a prisoner is most likely to psychology discussion section be held against them. While the accussed's status as a prisoner is not a de jure proclamation of their guilt, to the average citizen of a western liberal democracy, the the best cover letter, presence of some person that has been forcibly removed from society is a de facto statement that they are dangerous. In the model state of consistency that certain legal reformers foresee, the police, the justices, prosecutors, and judges would 'apply' the law according to a strict set of rules. The state's agents will act with no prejudice, no leeway, no derogation and no derivation and no mercy. Thesis Statement? The police would presumably lay every applicable charge against every accused person that is brought to their attention. Not only would a person be brought to justice for forcible rape, but also for equally abhorrent crimes such as assault and battery, littering, loitering in a public park, attempted murder, reckless endangerment, unlawful confinement, jaywalking, speeding, creating a disturbance, resisting arrest, and any other possible offence related to the crime and the flight from justice.

Griffiths and Verdun-Jones have noted that in for a, the recently more open atmosphere of plea-bargaining, police have become more consistent appliers of each and dissertation section every conceivable law. Not only has a person been charged with one crime, but also of every other alternative charge available. In the process of statement letter, plea bargaining, a great deal of trust is needed between the defense counsel and the crown. This trust often resembles collusion. Mesopitamia Essay? In the the best cover letter is, process of plea bargaining the writing statement apa style, multiple -though mutually exclusive- charges against an offender are often reduced to a single charge in exchange for the best statement for a cover letter is, a guilty plea and reciprocal sentencing recommendation. In reality, the mesopitamia essay, accused are bargaining away irrelevant charges for letter is, the single charge that they would have faced anyway, in short, the accused gains nothing from a system of bargaining based on consistent policing. There is, however, nothing consistent about plea-bargaining. Plea-bargaining is at the heart of prosecutorial discretion. Prosecutorial discretion would go the way of inconsistent policing and it would be abolished. Consistency in prosecution requires that each and homework every accused be treated identically.

In order for each accused to be seen to the best closing statement cover is be treated identically, they must have each and dissertation discussion every charge dealt with in an open court of record. Inconsistency is not a problem with the police, prosecutors, or parole board members. Inconsistency is the best, what enables the police, prosecutors, and parole board members to consider the mesopitamia essay, human factor of the crime. I f police were to the best statement letter 'throw the book' at every criminal, the system what bog down with minor crimes. Writing Apa Style? Furthermore, while some acts may technically be crimes, they may not have been enforced in twenty or thirty years. A possible problem of inconsistency is with judges. Sentencing may vary across the country - though there is very little evidence to say if it does or does not. There are sentencing guidelines, but there are no uniform statistics on sentencing which would allow the closing letter, public to determine if these sentencing guidelines are being followed. When sentencing is brought to the public's attention, it is only in the most extreme cases where a particularly lenient sentence has been given out. Therefore the best solution for inconsistent sentencing is to produce and publish uniform statistics on sentencing in psychology dissertation section, order to determine of the best closing cover letter is, sentencing guidelines are being followed. Punctuality Essay? Any other reform of the judicial sentencing process before these statistics were produced and before their impact was observed on the judicial branch would be premature.

It is possible that many judges that have handed out lenient or severe sentences did not realize that they were significantly out of line with the Canadian mainstream. The Best Closing For A Cover Letter? Conclusion Discretion is writing statement apa style, not a problem, perception is. Closing Letter? The police need discretion in order to enforce laws commensurate with the essay, changes in community values. Police also need the ability to closing cover letter exercise their discretion in order to enforce laws as they are best able to do and to not get swamped with petty crimes, while resources are needed to deal with serious offences. Prosecutors need the child desk, ability to exercise discretion in order to plea bargain. Without the cover, ability to plea bargain, prosecutors may find that they send far too much time prosecuting ancillary legal offences while the main crime is not given their full attention.

The only for class 2 reform necessary, is not technically a reform, but is instead a fine-tuning of the current system to allow it to function better, and that is the production and publication of uniform statistics on sentencing. Communications 131 Review: Neil Postman?s Amusing Ourselves to Death Robert Jago 200015294 Neil Postman's Amusing Ourselves to Death focuses on the change from what he calls a 'typographic' society to a televisual society. This change involves the decline of cover, rational, linear thought which is based on apa style, the book, to disjointed, a-historical, and non-inferential thought which is based on the standards of television. Postman's prima facie argument is the best closing is, that the medium of communications affects forms of thought. His first argument is based entirely on conjecture (though later in the book Postman does cite a study by essay 2 Gavriel Solomon, p.152 footnote 4). Postman argues that television and its predecessors (the telegraph, the statement for a cover is, photograph) changed people's modes of mesopitamia, thought through operant conditioning. Television and electronic communications in general force people to understand only the immediate and to forget the past. Several of Postman's axioms are questionable, and the best statement for a cover letter his data is open to competing interpretations. Most importantly, Postman's study of the electronic society focused on it in an immature stage of development. Modern electronic culture is quite different from the one that Postman studied. Neil Postman's stated purpose for his book is to, show that a great media-metaphor shift has taken place in America, with the result that the content of much of our public discourse has become dangerous nonsense(p.16).

To that end, his book opens with a glimpse at the United States of the early nineteen-eighties and an explanation of his use of the word metaphor. For Postman the media metaphor is attention grabber essay, a metaphor that draws analogies between aspects of the media and aspects of society. Postman states that in closing statement for a letter is, the literate age, metaphors abounded. Alice in wonderland, became a metaphor for a person wandering in 'a world of semantic nonsense' and trying to make sense out of punctuality essay for class, it; Athens became a metaphor for intellectual excellence and so on. In the twentieth century, the printed word added very little in terms of metaphor. Terms such as Orwellian, thought police, but very little else transferred over from the printed page into middle class speech. For A Letter Is? The metaphor of the edd essay, later twentieth century was to be dictated by television. For A Cover Is? Modes of dissertation, thought mimicked television production standards.

Postman charts the transition from the typographic mind, through the 'peek - a - boo' world and into the 'now. this' world of the best closing statement for a letter, television. The larger scale of the medium metaphor is what Postman refers to as resonance. Postman states that resonance is metaphor writ large. What Postman appears to mean here is that resonance is the stuff of myths, when social customs and norms, and statement idiosyncrasies become confused with nature. Just as one is seen as peculiar to question the effects of the construction of mountains, one is seen as equally peculiar to question such social constructs as [Noam Chomsky notwithstanding] contemporary English word usage and statement for a grammar.

After first explaining his proposition on how the dominant medium of communications affects forms of thought, Postman uses the remainder of the first part of his book to describe decline of the printed word in writing apa style, America. He begins with describing 'typographic' America at its peak. Postman describes a country -though not a nation- where the ability to read was nearly universal among men, and, where foreign reading materials were abundant (P. 34). Statement Cover Letter? The way in which he describes the empowerment that the average person may have felt is mesopitamia, interesting for my third argument [that Postman contrasted typographic America with the wrong era of the electronic age].

By 1772, Jacob Duche could write: 'The poorest labourer upon the shore of the Delaware thinks himself entitled to deliver his sentiment in matters of religion or politics with as much freedom as the closing cover, gentleman or scholar. ' (P. 33) The printing press dominated the minds of typographic Americans. Their modes of thought mirrored the construction of books and pamphlets. Punctuality Essay For Class 2? Books were linear, impersonal, rational, and historical. For A Is? The written word was never read 'live'. People's minds functioned in edd essay, these same ways. People were rational and thought historically and closing statement therefore linearly. Public discourse in typographic America was fundamentally rational and intelligent. And Juliet? Advertising and politics were based on cover, reasoned argument [for the most part]. According to Postman, the change in public discourse occurred because of the change in mesopitamia, the media available to the public.

The first major change that Postman notes is the invention of the telegraph. While it is interesting to note that the the best closing for a cover, industrial revolution, and the rise of the urban centres occurred at roughly the same time as the invention of the thesis statement apa style, telegraph, it is the later event that most effected the way that people think and behave. Following the telegraph came the photograph. The telegraph changed the meaning of the best closing is, intelligence and information. In preliterate days, intelligence was synonymous with memory. In the typographic age, intelligence became synonymous with rationality. With the electronic age heralded in by the telegraph, intelligence became the ability to thesis sift through large amounts of data. News in typographic society consisted of useful facts and information. Postman describes a type of cover letter, apathy ratio, what he calls an 'information-action ratio' (P.69).

In typographic America, efficacy as seen through individual responses to 'news' was significantly higher than it is in modern televisual America. The telegraph made trivia in place of essay 2, news. Surely people in Finland could finally know the day to day events that occurred in Lorado Texas, but, why would they want to? According to Postman, the telegraph made the United States one nation [this was also coincident with the Civil War and the United States' great era of wars of conquest]. The telegraph allowed people on the best closing, the Pacific and the Atlantic shores to know the writing thesis statement, minutiae of each others every day lives. While the the best statement for a cover letter is, telegraph trivialized the public space with useless information and 'factoids' the photograph came along to act as a magnifying glass for these details. The photograph increased the impact of the proliferating factoids, by giving them a face and a presence greater than a thousand words. Grabber Essay? By the time the the best statement cover letter is, photograph and the telegraph had become ascendant, the public discourse had irrevocably changed. Advertising became irrelevant, irrational, and for romeo and juliet essay the first slogans were developed [following shortly after such election slogans 'fifty-four forty or fight' or 'Tippacannoe and Tyler too' or the Democratic Party's anti-Republican song 'Nigger Doodle Dandy'].The era of the photograph and the telegraph are what Postman calls 'the peek-a-boo world'. Part two of the book focuses on the particular ills of the televisual age.

The greatest ill, and one that Neil Postman had focused on in the past, is the decline in education in the best statement cover letter, favour of entertainment. A prime example for section, Postman is the best for a cover, 'The Voyage of the Mimi' series. This series is a study that involves a great deal of time on behalf of children in order to psychology study whales and the best closing statement letter navigation among other things. None of these things are relevant to child homework education in any traditional sense of the word. Postman's analysis of the best for a cover, that particular series is that it is an example of the education changing in order to meet the needs of television. While there are more books in print in the television age, they do not have the impact of their fewer but more serious predecessors.

As was the case with the Voyage of the Mimi series, books seem to have become 'audio-visual aids'. Books have lost their seriousness. Books in the modern context no longer command the attention that they once did. The printed word in essay, the modern context is a visual aid, it celebrates the the best statement for a is, dominant medium and is constructed around television's conventions. For example, a glance at any of the Fin de Siecle 'best 100 [or 1'000 et al.] lists that currently proliferate, would show what books are considered to desk be of substance to this society. In the Globe and Mail's list of the best history books are, a picture book, Atlas of closing statement for a letter, World History, and ESPN Sport Century.

Among the best seller lists are a book of lists, a book by a television writer, a book by a faded hockey star, a book by child desk a movie writer, a book of trivia. While there are more books in print today than ever before, it is likely that they are to be gems such as ESPN Sport Century, as opposed to Walden or the Native Son. Postman concludes his book by analyzing this 'dangerous' lack of substance brought on by the conventions of the television age. Postman uses two of major metaphors of the decline of western society. the first is the Orwellian. Today the totalitarian state is confined to only a few fourth rate and the best closing for a cover declining states such as Myanmar and discussion Belarus and so its position as primary threat to Western Liberty has given way. In the closing statement for a cover letter is, place of the edd essay, Orwellian thought police and big brother is Aldous Huxley's 'Brave New World'. The brave new world of Postman's interpretation is one where television has taken the place of Huxley's 'Soma' [an ecstacy like drug]. People have forsaken their liberty and democracy in favour of simple and the best statement for a cover constant pleasures. Postman concludes that television has created a Brave New World where the writing statement apa style, statescraftsmen are given free hand by closing statement for a cover a public more interested in their leader's private affairs than their economic policies. This new world where seriousness is mocked, and edd essay where depth of imagination, and attention span have gone into steep decline is one that has put democracy and freedom in grave danger.

Postman proposes that the the best statement letter, solution to the current state of affairs is to inoculate the populous through education. People would be educated to understand the television epistemology, and to not just become media savvy, but to section become aware of the myths that surround the dominant medium. The current dominant medium in the United States and Canada is closing, television. Other media, such as radio, and print are complementary to television and have very little independent sway over societal mores. Postman's analysis could only take into account society up to the mid 1980's. That society lacked the writing, internet, and such venues as digital cable and inexpensive satellite dishes. Postman derides libertarians for the best statement for a is, attacking government censorship but failing to grabber essay take on the oligarchy of the big-three networks. In his discussion of the typographic age, Postman describes the statement for a cover letter is, empowerment of the common man by his ability to child homework converse and the best for a cover is understand every subject of importance.

Postman takes especial note of Benjamin Franklin's views on the importance of the edd essay, pamphlet. Each of the best closing is, these points noted by child desk Postman can lead to a different final conclusion if extrapolated into the internet age. To begin with, the modern era of between seventy and five-hundred television channels should have been easily foreseen by Postman. He noted the lack of attention by the general public, and how that brief attention span was created by television. The television of Postman's study was, by current standards, conservative, and for lack of the best statement is, a better word, 'deep'. The oligarchy of the three networks is essay, gone, replaced by a constellation of specialty television networks [though production is now owned by a few industrial concerns].

Attention spans are even briefer, and closing statement for a every whim under the sun can be served by its own television network. Contrary to Postman's original argument that the product of a populace obsessed by entertainment is political apathy, entertainment can create political involvement. While Postman described the efficacy felt by the people of the discussion, typographic age, he failed to note that part of the efficacy was inspired by such public proceedings as the public hanging. Postman failed to realize that a public raised on scripted spectacle, would be enraptured by live reality. In a world of instant communications, there is enough live spectacle to keep every audience entertained. This entertainment can be translated into efficacy through such means as instant television poll, something that Postman only closing for a is briefly touched on. Grabber? Postman's description of the transition from the best closing statement cover letter, literate to televised worlds and the coincident transformation of society from literate and homework desk rational to closing letter is base and excitable is not entirely accurate. He fails to take into consideration other factors such as the second industrial revolution and the expansion of liberty within countries which may explain the general decline in the public discourse.

Postman places the blame for writing thesis, the decline in rationality solely on the dominant medium of communications. Furthermore, Postman writes that people have lost the sense of efficacy vis a vis the state. While people may be voting less, they may be participating more. Protest groups, lobby groups, special interest groups, petitions, and the like have proliferated in post-industrial society. People may have transferred their trust from the state to the epistemic community and they may have done this because of a new involving medium.

Bibliography Postman, Neil, Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Buisness, Penguin Books (Toronto: 1986).

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Human Resources Dissertation Topics. A dissertation on Human Resources (HR) can encompass a wide range of topics, therefore it is vital to closing statement for a start wide and then focus in on a specific subject area. This can either be presented as a case study approach, which will compare an actual organisation (or organisations) to the literature on the subject, or as study of the contemporary research. The case study approach adds depth to the paper, introducing real life scenarios and how organisations identify and psychology discussion section react to them. The following are only closing statement for a cover letter suggestions of Human Resources Dissertation Topics and can be adapted to meet individual needs and mesopitamia essay preferences for a Human Resources Management (HRM) dissertation. Theory of Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There are fundamental differences in the approach to statement for a letter Human Resources (HR), for example the punctuality essay for class ‘hard’ and `soft’ versions of letter Human Resources Management (HRM). The ‘hard’ version places little emphasis on workers’ concerns and, therefore, within its concept, any judgments of the effectiveness of Human Resources Management would be based on business performance criteria only. In contrast, ‘soft’ Human Resources Management, while also having business performance as its primary concern, would be more likely to advocate a parallel concern for workers’ outcomes. Attention And Juliet? These models of Human Resource theory, will give explanation for closing for a letter is the increase in this management practice. It has been defined as “mutual goals, mutual influence, mutual respect, mutual rewards and mutual responsibility”.

The ‘psychological contract’ under this unitarist, high commitment model is one of mutuality, but it is a mutuality strictly bounded by the need to operate within an essentially unitary framework. The following are some suggestions within the area of Human Resources (HR) Theory that you could base your human resources dissertation topics on. Comparison of models HR in practice, a modern study Can HR provide all the answers to edd essay people issues The dark side of HR Trade unions’ place in the organisation HR behind closed doors Can line a manager execute HR policies, or does it dilute the practice? HR as a shared service HR and control practices Taylorism versus HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Challenging HR “The Workers Verdict” This was a very compelling and powerful article published in 1999 by D Guest in the Human Resources Management journal. Good human resources dissertation topics would be to re-visit this article and the best is then compare this to employee’s current opinion of the intervention. This article claimed Human Resources was another management tool to control the workforce, and in dissertation the wrong hands would bring back control and command management practices.

It questioned the ability of management to acquire the soft skills needed to the best for a cover implement Human Resources in its purist form. This article is one of the most damming written on the HR practice, therefore a good dissertation could either conclude after nearly ten years of grabber for romeo and juliet essay practice since, practitioners are delivering value for all or the workers verdict of the closing letter practice is still negative. With all the sections there are numerous areas that can be reviewed. I have discussed one area and then added suggestions on how to focus the research. For an individual dissertation paper any controversial or contentious article can be used as a framework to explore the theory within. This can be tested against individual’s feelings, experiences and beliefs. Challenging HR is a subject close to child desk many workers hearts and would make for closing for a cover letter a compelling human resources management dissertation. Theory in action (an example and study of the theory in practice). Is the Human Resource valued? Can the HR function always drive change?

Outsourcing (can the gate keeper of culture be outsourced?) Outsourcing, what do we do now? Who pushed who out (a decline of the unions with the increase in HR practices). Attention Grabber And Juliet Essay? Employee bargaining power. Does HR work? Managing the HR function. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Training and Development of Human Resources Dissertation Topics.

Recognition of the is importance of Human Resources has increased in recent years; this is a result of competition from overseas economies. In countries, for example Japan, Germany and Sweden, investment in employee development is higher than in essay the UK. This has led to some organisations reviewing their policies on training, introducing continuous investment in their employees. The latest recession’s impact on business is the cover letter is credit crunch and whether this will have an impact on training and development. It is well discussed within literature that the “ training budget is first budget cut during hard times”, although theorist do not believe in general that this is the best action for the Human Resources department, and the long term benefits of training outweigh the short term monetary savings.

With the credit crunch a year old, an organisation, for example in financial services, could be studied to see the writing apa style effect on their training budget. For A Is? To add context two organisations could be compared, with a small section on for romeo and juliet essay their financial performance to test the statement above. The Best Closing Is? Below are some suggestions as to thesis apa style how to narrow your human resources dissertation topics on closing cover letter is training and development down to for romeo a specific topic. How do organisations survive economic crisis (from the training and development perspective)? Does training and development really impact on the bottom line? What skills are needed for today’s turbulent climate? Who trains the the best is trainers? Is training a Panacea? Soft skills, who needs them? Training on attention essay a budget.

Where now, post disaster survival? Soft versus hard skills. Can poor selection processes be remedied through training and development? Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. HR as the last competitive advantage Dissertation Topics. This could be based on simply “If you snooze you lose”. This is a strange statement for Human Resources, but there is so much written in contemporary literature that preaches that Human Resource is the final competitive edge for organisations; therefore those that have not introduced this practice are at letter is a disadvantage.

This paper could compare two organisations, for example one operating a best practice HR policy and the other with little or no HR policies. Psychology Dissertation Discussion Section? This would identify what added value there is in best practice Human Resources, and if this adds the the best is same value to all organisations. The organisations for the study would need to be in similar markets and employ the same number of grabber essay employees. Change is endemic, and the Human Resources department should be a forefront of change, driving it though the organisation. Suggested topics you could choose as human resources dissertation topics could include: If you snooze you lose. Keeping up with change, how do organisations cope with change? HR replaced personnel, what can replace HR?

Value, how do you assess the statement letter HR value? Why bother, I will catch the apa style next fad. A study on the best closing cover is an organisation to advise them of their options. A study of child homework change in an organisation. Change for the best for a is change sake (is new always best?). Benefits of HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics?

Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Performance Management Dissertation Topics. Reward systems that are implemented under the umbrella of Human Resources are frequently a tool used to raise commitment, competence and equivalence, and these instruments are extremely cost effective when executed correctly. Today the individualism of writing apa style contract gives employees more control on their reward. At the basic level this can motivate, and at the higher level can introduce self-esteem and self worth. Performance reward or incentive pay is a tool that can be used to set targets and then reward when theses targets are met. Performance management consists of a cycle, consisting of five parts (1) setting of performance objectives (2) measuring the outcomes (3) feedback of results (4) reward linked to the best the outcomes and (5) amendments to objectives and activities. There are many companies that use performance management strategies, and mesopitamia use them in different ways, giving you different topics to the best closing statement for a cover research and companies to compare and contrast.

Some ideas for essay good human resources dissertation topics are listed below. Is performance management effective? Can skills be increased through performance management? Is it possible to the best statement cover manage all? Can wages be capped through performance management? Do individuals have control over their reward? Upskilling.

Reviewing and mesopitamia reacting on results. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and the best statement for a cover is impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. A topic area could be the subjectivity of the appraiser. Performance management is widely used to assess employees’ capabilities and to set targets for the next year. Essay For Class? The main contentious issues with performance management are the appraisals; they are conducted with the subjectivity of the appraiser, who will often enter the appraisal interview with pre-conceived conclusions of both the appraisee and the interview.

The gravity of this is immense as it forms the foundations of performance management. If they are not conducted fairly, there are no beneficial outcomes to either the appraisee or the the best letter organisation. A paper on the “Subjectivity of the Appraiser” could be based on the theory from desk psychology and management practice, and reviews methods and techniques to reduce bias from the appraisal interview. If you are interested on basing your human resources management dissertation on appraisals, there are some suggested human resources dissertation topics below. Can subjectivity be removed? Halo, what Halo? Was that fair? A comparison. Can I have a pay rise?

Are they honest? 360 degree appraisals. Public sector appraisals and the spinal pay reward. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and the best for a letter impressive.

Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. In theory a motivated worker is a productive worker. Edd Essay? Contained within the function of all organisations are numerous individual interrelated components (including the human aspect), which have a direct impact on the best closing statement for a letter the organisational performance. It is widely recognised that the “human resource” is regarded as the most valuable resource an organisation has. However, this resource does not always receive the attention, respect and the financial recognition to develop, to allow the attention grabber for romeo essay employees’ full potential to be realised. The complex relationship between employee and employer has been studied from both a psychological and sociological aspect. The findings from both these fields of research have identified four main categories of theories on the best closing statement letter is employees’ motivation. (1) Economic needs of edd essay man, money is the motivator for example: Taylorism (2) Social man from the Hawthorne studies: (3) Self actualisation – this extended the results from the Hawthorne studies to include psychological issues: (4) The contingency approach – this identifies that individual motivation is influenced by the best for a letter a number of attention for romeo essay variables.

If you are keen to discuss motivation within your dissertation, here are some human resources dissertation topics to the best closing for a cover letter get you started. Contemporary versus traditional theory. Psychology Section? HR and motivation. The Best Statement For A Letter Is? Motivation and job satisfaction. Cross organisation comparison, who gets it right? HRM is a motivator.

Link between motivation and performance. Homework? Motivation and retention levels. Does motivated work force increase productivity? Motivation versus total reward. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Strategic Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There has been a significant rise in the interest of strategic Human Resource Management in the past decade.

These contemporary theories on strategic Human Resource Management introduce different levels of statement for a cover letter integration within organisations. Although there are various differences in models, most commentators agree that Strategic Human Resource Management increases the organisation’s value. With the global economy and the increase in competition this brings, the human resource is viewed as the psychology section last competitive edge. Statement For A Cover? It is attention essay, how this resource is managed and closing statement letter the value that is place on it, that makes a difference between organisations. When the organisational strategy has not considered the implications to the human resource i.e. are there enough trained employees or do we need to employ more, the strategy runs a high risk of failure.

Therefore it is vital to align the human resource with the organisation’s strategy. Strategic HRM lends some interesting human resources dissertation topics for you to discuss. Does HR sit and attention grabber and juliet fit on the board? Future planning or fire fighting? Reactive or proactive? Future planning or justifying role? Can HR be strategic? SHRM, another new fad?

HR driving the organisation. Closing Statement For A Cover Is? Operations or planning the grabber for romeo HR function? Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. The underlying assumption is the way “things get done” in the organisation and that individuals know how to behave. Statement? When an assumption is broken, it is questioned by members of the organisation. This helps to writing apa style maintain the culture (Phelan 2005). The culture is significant and important to an organisation and closing statement letter its members. For the individual and punctuality essay for class 2 group member, culture is the “social glue that helps hold the is organisation together by providing appropriate standards for what employees should say and do”. For Class? Consequently, the culture will reduce an employee’s uncertainty and anxiety about expected behaviour.

This behaviour is individual to the organisation, and the best for a cover letter is difficult to transfer. The organisation’s culture differentiates it from and juliet others, and the best statement for a partly explains why employees are attracted to one employer versus other employers. The culture of an organisation can reduce uncertainty and complexity, providing a consistent outlook that its values make possible. This is visible in the decision-making process, co-ordination and control. Excellent leaders are not merely aware of the child homework organisation’s basic assumptions, they also know how to take actions and mould and refine them. To discuss culture in you dissertation, some human resources dissertation topics are suggested below. Gatekeeper or owner? Placing values in the organisation. Statement For A Letter? Culture is the organisation. It’s the discussion section way we do it around here. Inducting new employees into the culture.

Recruiting to change the culture. Managing cultural change. The Best Closing For A? Training and writing thesis statement culture. Change agent. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive.

Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Over the past few decades the nature and the composition of the the best closing statement work force has been changing. Edd Essay? There are numerous challenges and opportunities for the best statement is organisations within the mesopitamia new formation. In reply, diversity management has become an closing statement is essential component of human resource management (HRM). Diversity management is a relatively new, but significant area of HRM. This new area of management brings learning and challenges to the individuals that supervise and manage employees. Diversity management does assume different forms and models in practice, but is homework desk, defined as an organisation’s active investment in the integration, development, and advancement of individuals who collectively represent the work force. When developing an organisational strategy, diversity is placed in the culture, policies, and practices which support respect and communication, as well as individual, team and organisational performance in a diverse environment. Possible human resources dissertation topics on diversity are: Differences between diversity and discrimination.

Managing the new workforce. Cross national diversity. Can discrimination be removed? Managing diversity and cultural differences. Training for diversity. The line and diversity.

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