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Academic Essay Sample: Social Network Impact on Youth
Babylon Revisited Critical Essays. Babylon Revisited F. Scott Fitzgerald. The following entry presents criticism of Fitzgerald's short story Babylon Revisited. See also, F. Scott Fitzgerald Criticism . Babylon Revisited is Fitzgerald's most anthologized short story and is considered by many to be his best. First published in 1931 in the Saturday Evening Post, it reappeared with revisions in the 1935 collection Taps at Reveille.
Fitzgerald wrote Babylon Revisited during a time of emotional and economic crisis. Like most of his work, the story reflects his own personal experience and his relationship with his wife Zelda; its tone is thoughtful and retrospective, and it is sadder than earlier stories he had written for the Post. Plot and Major Characters. Networking Websites. Babylon Revisited is set against the backdrop of streetcar desire and death expatriate Europe during the 1930s and recounts the story of essay social Charlie Wales, a onetime wealthy playboy of 1920s Paris whose excesses contributed to the death of his wife, Helen, and led to his stay in a sanitarium for alcoholism. During Charlie's recovery, his daughter Honoria was placed under the custodianship of his sister-in-law and her husband—Marion and Lincoln Peters. Since then, Charlie has reestablished himself as a successful businessman in Prague. As the streetcar named desire salesman story opens, he has returned to Paris to reclaim his daughter but must first prove to Marion that he has reformed. Social Networking Websites. The Peterses have never been as wealthy as Charlie and Helen were, and Marion is envious and resentful of Charlie's past extravagances. On Being Teacher. This, coupled with her bitterness at Charlie's part in her sister's death, makes Marion suspicious of Charlie's reformation, and she agrees only reluctantly to return Honoria to him. Her suspicions are apparently confirmed when Lorraine and Duncan, two unrepentant friends from social networking websites Charlie's past, drunkenly descend upon Charlie while he is at the Peterses' house. Marion is streetcar and death salesman shocked, and changes her mind about social, relinquishing Honoria.
The story ends as Charlie resolves to try later to regain his daughter, believing that they couldn't make him pay forever, and streetcar desire salesman, that Helen wouldn't have wanted him to social be so alone. Critics have identified several major themes in Babylon Revisited, some of which are centered upon time and streetcar named, its shaping of individual destiny. Joan Turner, for example, has asserted that one of the story's themes is that the past cannot be escaped. Similarly, Carlos Baker has remarked that no matter how sincere Charlie is in his attempt at social networking websites reformation, he is psychology ideas defeated by a past that he can never shed. Ronald J. Gervais viewed the story as a lament for essay, the past and its pleasures, as well as regret for mistakes made.
Numerous critics have focused on guilt in the story: James M. Harrison and Seymour L. Gross, for example, have debated whether Charlie genuinely wants to change his ways or is still attracted to anti terrorism statement his former life. Finally, while Rose Adrienne Gallo considered guilt and retribution as significant concerns in the story, she also described the pernicious influence of money as an important theme—both in its ability to waste lives, as it has with Charlie, and to essay social networking websites foster envy and resentment, as it has in writing anthropology, Marion Peters. Babylon Revisited has been generally well-received since its publication and is now considered a masterpiece. Nevertheless, critics have pointed out inconsistencies in the plot—for example, the apparently illogical route that Charlie takes from the Ritz Bar to the Peterses, and several inaccurate references to the passage of time. For all its inconsistencies, however, most critics agree that this wistful story displays Fitzgerald's writing at essay social its best, with its close attention to imagery and sensitive choice of words. Access our Babylon Revisited Study Guide for Free. Essay. SOURCE: Fitzgerald's 'Babylon Revisited', in The Explicator, Vol.
16, No. 4, January, 1958, pp. 1, 3. [ In the essay social websites following essay, Harrison asserts that although Charlie Wales has begun to mature, he is still drawn to his former life. ] The usual interpretation of F. Named Desire Of A Salesman. Scott Fitzgerald's Babylon Revisited has been summarized by Ray B. West ( The Short Story in essay social websites, America, 1952). Charlie Wales, returning to Paris, accidentally becomes involved with some of his old friends; and despite his present dislike of the old life—his knowledge that . . . it was something he had to escape if possible, not recover—he appears to have succumbed and thus loses, once and for all. (The entire section is 864 words.) Get Free Access to of animals this Babylon Revisited Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Social Networking. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the streetcar named and death of a salesman essay chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Websites. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go.
Download our handy iOS app for free. SOURCE: A Prince in Babylon, in Fitzgerald Newsletter, No. 19, Fall, 1962, pp. 1-3. [ In the following essay, Hagopian examines what he describes as religious, Dantesque elements in the story. ] Despite the obvious symbolism of the title, critics have not generally observed that F's [Fitzgerald's] Babylon Revisited is a religious story—more exactly a Catholic, Dantesque story. Streetcar Named Desire Salesman. Not only networking does it evoke the sfa application mood of paralysis and defeat of the Waste Land generation following the stock market crash of 1929, but it renders with understanding and compassion the purgatorial suffering of essay networking a man for whom repentance and social readjustment alone are not enough to redeem his. (The entire section is 828 words.) Get Free Access to this Babylon Revisited Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Richard R. Griffith (essay date 1963) SOURCE: A Note on Fitzgerald's 'Babylon Revisited', in American Literature, Vol.
35, No. Statement. 2, May, 1963, pp. Social Networking Websites. 236-39. [ In the following essay, Griffith accounts for essay on being a kindergarten teacher, the inconsistencies in essay, the route Charlie takes from the Ritz Bar to the home of Lincoln and Marion Peters .] Although Babylon Revisited is probably the of animals most anthologized and analyzed of Fitzgerald's short stories, neither editor nor critic has noted the strange route taken by social Charlie Wales from the Ritz Bar to Lincoln Peters's home in the Rue Palatine. In the opening scene Charlie discusses former days with Alix, the barman at the Ritz, and departs to visit his daughter at essay on being a kindergarten the Peters's home on essay social the Left. (The entire section is 1170 words.) SOURCE: Fitzgerald's 'Babylon Revisited', in College English, Vol. 25, No. 2, November, 1963, pp. 128-35. [ In the following essay, Gross refutes James M. Harrison's argument that Charlie is still drawn to his former Life .] Thus, though we cannot make our sun Stand still, yet we will make him run. In the little hours of the night every move from place to place was an enormous human jump, an increase of paying for the privilege of slower and slower motion. (The entire section is writing essays 4578 words.) William R. Osborne (essay date 1964) SOURCE: The Wounds of Charlie Wales in Fitzgerald's 'Babylon Revisited', in Studies in Short Fiction, Vol.
2, No. 1, Fall, 1964, pp. 86-7. [ In the following essay, Osborne examines the networking symbolic meaning of the name Charlie Wales. ] Not only does the title of F. Scott Fitzgerald's short story Babylon Revisited invite symbolic interpretation, but scattered throughout the story are street names or place names like Rue Saint-Honore, the on being teacher Poet's Cave, the Cafe of Heaven, and the Cafe of Hell that seem also to have obvious symbolic overtones. In the names of the characters, too, critics have found symbolic significance. James Frakes and. (The entire section is 868 words.) SOURCE: 'Babylon Revisited': A Story of the essay Exile's Return, in named and death of a, Studies in Short Fiction, Vol.
2, No. 3, Spring, 1965, pp. 270-77. [ In the following essay, Male contends that Charlie Wales has not reformed because he is still torn between his former life and his present one .] F. Scott Fitzgerald's Babylon Revisited, although widely reprinted, has not produced many commentaries. James Frake and Isadore Traschen give a brief explication in their text on short fiction [ Short Fiction, 1959], Arthur Mizener refers to the story a number of essay networking websites times in of animals, his biography [ The Far Side of Paradise, 1949], and Seymour Gross has recently offered a full-length analysis. (The entire section is 3338 words.) Robert I. Edenbaum (essay date 1968) SOURCE: 'Babylon Revisited': A Psychological Note on F. Scott Fitzgerald, in Literature and Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1968, pp. 27-9. [ In the following essay, Edenbaum contends that, through an inconsistency in essay social networking, the plot, Fitzgerald reveals that he identifies with Charlie Wales. ] F. Scott Fitzgerald's story Babylon Revisited concerns the return of Charlie Wales one-and-a-half years later to the Babylon that was—the Paris of psychology paper ideas 1929—in an attempt to retrieve what he can from the two lost years of essay drunken revelry that had culminated in the death of his wife, his own incarceration in a sanitarium, and the legal signing over of his daughter, Honoria, to his. (The entire section is 1186 words.) Rose Adrienne Gallo (essay date 1978) SOURCE: Fable to Fantasy: The Short Fiction, in F. Scott Fitzgerald, Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1978, pp. Writing Essays. 82-105. [ In the following excerpt, Gallo describes the networking destructive power of money as an important theme in the story. Essay Teacher. ] In Babylon Revisited (December 1930; Post February 21, 1931; Taps at websites Reveille 1935), Fitzgerald draws on a biblical source for his title. The inhabitants of the Old Testament city of Babylon were notorious for anthropology, their licentiousness.
Many of the Jews—held captive in Babylon for seventy years—were seduced by the sinful allure of Babylon, and essay networking, turned from the observance of the Mosaic law to sfa application essay the worship of networking Babylonian. (The entire section is 1202 words.) James B. Twitchell (essay date 1979) SOURCE: 'Babylon Revisited': Chronology and Characters, in Fitzgerald/Hemingway Annual 1978, edited by Matthew J. Bruccoli and Richard Layman, Gale Research Company, 1979, pp. 155-60. Developmental Ideas. [ In the following essay, Twitchell refutes the essay social networking websites argument that Charlie Wales is essay on being a kindergarten teacher unreformed. ] In recent years there has been a small critical hubbub over the completeness of Charlie Wales's reformation in Fitzgerald's Babylon Revisited. On the surface it does seem that Charlie has converted from wine, women, and song to one midday drink, devotion to essay websites his daughter, and essays, serious introspection. But recently critics have questioned Charlie's conversion by pointing to a crucial scene overlooked. (The entire section is 1756 words.) SOURCE: The Snow of Twenty-Nine: 'Babylon Revisited' as Ubi Sunt Lament, in College Literature, Vol. 7, No. Social. 1, Winter, 1980, pp.
47-52. [ In the following essay, Gervais contends that Babylon Revisited falls within the tradition of dirges for the past and compares it to Francois Villon's Ballade of Dead Ladies. ] One of the enduring themes of literature is the essays transitory nature of man's life, of love and beauty, of happiness. In works of this sort, an important part is sometimes played by websites the ubi sunt device, which takes its name from the first two words of the Latin sentence, Ubi sunt qui ante nos fuerunt? (Where are they who were before. (The entire section is 2017 words.) Garry N. Murphy and William C. Slattery (essay date 1981) SOURCE: The Flawed Text of 'Babylon Revisited': A Challenge to Editors, a Warning to Readers, in Studies in psychology paper ideas, Short Fiction, Summer, 1981, pp. 315-18. [ In the following essay, Murphy and Slattery argue that a paragraph should be deleted from the authorized version of Babylon Revisited to reflect Fitzgerald's final intentions for the story. ] No one—not even F. Essay Social Networking Websites. Scott Fitzgerald himself—has ever seen Babylon Revisited printed in the final form intended by its author. The reason is astonishingly simple: when the authorized version (an extensive revision of the original 1931 Saturday Evening Post story) was printed by Scribners in Taps at. (The entire section is 1680 words.) SOURCE: Howells's 'A Circle in the Water' and Fitzgerald's 'Babylon Revisited', in Studies in Short Fiction, Summer, 1982, pp.
261-67. [ In the following essay, Nettels discusses the many similarities shared by Babylon Revisited and writing essays anthropology, a story by Howells, concluding that although the plots are alike, the perspectives on life expressed in essay social, each story are strikingly different .] William Dean Howells was not one of F. Scott Fitzgerald's literary heroes. A Kindergarten Teacher. Fitzgerald once included Howells along with such figures as Taft, McKinley, Bryan, Carnegie, and Rockefeller in social, a list of prominent men of the psychology paper ideas recent past in whom a little boy could find little that was inspiring . . . Not. (The entire section is social 3095 words.) SOURCE: When the Story Ends: 'Babylon Revisited', in The Short Stories of F. Named Salesman Essay. Scott Fitzgerald, edited by Jackson R. Bryer, The University of Wisconsin Press, 1982, pp. 269-77. [ In the following essay, Baker analyzes images of freedom and essay websites, imprisonment in Babylon Revisited. ] A kind of change came in my fate, My keepers grew compassionate, I know not what had made them so. They were inured to sights of woe. And so it was:—my broken chain. With links unfastened did remain. And it was liberty to stride. Sfa Application. Along my cell from side to side. (The entire section is 3739 words.) SOURCE: Paradise Lost: 'The Last of the Belles' and The Last Time I Saw Paris, in Fiction, Film, and F. Scott Fitzgerald, Loyola University Press, 1986, pp. 47-61. [ In the following excerpt, Phillips compares Babylon Revisited with a screenplay that Fitzgerald adapted from the websites story and with a film that was loosely based on the story.
Phillips remarks that the quality of the story suffers with each successive adaptation. ] Babylon Revisited: The Short Story. The last time that a Fitzgerald short story was made into a full-length movie for theatrical release, rather than dramatized for television, was in 1954 when MGM produced the. Sfa Application. (The entire section is 3837 words.) SOURCE: Fitzgerald's 'Babylon Revisited', in The Explicator, Vol. 48, No. 4, Summer, 1990, pp. 282-83. [ In the following essay, Turner demonstrates that frequent references to time in Babylon Revisited support a theme important to the story .] F. Networking. Scott Fitzgerald uses many references to streetcar desire of a salesman essay time in his short story Babylon Revisited. His almost constant use of words relating to time helps reinforce one of the main themes of the story: the social networking websites past cannot be escaped.
Hours and minutes are noted during the narrative present of the story. In the opening, Charlie Wales tells the bartender that he is in anthropology, Paris for four or five days to see his daughter. It is. (The entire section is 899 words.) SOURCE: Fitzgerald's 'Babylon Revisited', in essay social networking, The Explicator, Vol. 53, No. 3, Spring, 1995, pp. 176-77. [ In the following essay, Eby focuses on Fitzgerald's use of double entendre to convey the themes of the writing anthropology story. ] Babylon Revisited is by social any reckoning the most frequently anthologized and widely read of F. Scott Fitzgerald's short stories.
It opens and closes (appropriately) in the Ritz bar in Paris, where Paul, the manager, and Charles Wales reflect on thesis statement the changes wrought by the stock market crash of 1929 and the economic depression that followed. But the two men are locked in two wholly discrete dimensions. Paul conceives the crash and the depression. (The entire section is essay networking websites 546 words.) Lindfors, Bernth. Paris Revisited. Fitzgerald Newsletter, No.
16 (Winter 1962): 77-8. Illustrates the inconsistencies in Charlie's first taxi ride. Lueders, Edward. Streetcar Named And Death Of A. Revisiting Babylon: Fitzgerald and the 1920's. Western Humanities Review 29, No. Networking Websites. 3 (Summer 1975): 285-91. Uses the symbolism of Fitzgerald's title Babylon Revisited to reexamine the 1920s. Petry, Alice Hall.
Fitzgerald's Craft of developmental psychology paper Short Fiction: The Collected Stories 1920-1935. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1989, 235 p. Contains scattered references. (The entire section is 161 words.) Babylon Revisited Homework Help Questions. There are several themes intertwined that are closely related. Social. Change and transformation are certainly involved in this story of of a salesman a recovering alcoholic who is desperate to get his daughter back. Paris, France is a symbol of the Biblical city of Babylon, a place known for its sinful temptations.
The Jews gave in to social websites pagan worship in Babylon, abandoning their faith, and Charlie, the. While Nick and Charlie are mostly very different (Charlie is an alcoholic, abusive, arrogant; Nick is the on being teacher opposite), they do have similar roles in their respective novels. Nick and Charlie both. Without doubt, the root of Honoria's name in Babylon Revisited carries with it significant meaning. After years of dissipation and scandalous behavior in essay social networking websites, Paris, Charlie Wales returns in the hopes.
The person who previously answered your question provided a fine summary of the story’s plot and psychology paper ideas, a good overview of some of its major themes. I will therefore focus on one representative.
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mythological essay In Search of Cupid and Psyche: Myth and Legend in Children's Literature. Mythological and Archetypal Approaches. `A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature. 3d ed. ed., Wilfred L. Guerin [et al.] New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. #9;Mythological and Archetypal Approaches.
I. Social! DEFINITIONS AND MISCONCEPTIONS. In The Masks of essays, God: Primitive Mythology (New York: Viking, 1959), Joseph Campbell recounts a curious phenomenon of animal behavior. Newly hatched chickens, bits of egg-shells still clinging to essay social, their tails, will dart for cover when a hawk flies overhead: yet they remain unaffected by other birds. Furthermore, a wooden model of a hawk, drawn forward along a wire above their coop, will send them scurrying (if the model is pulled backward, however, there is no response). Whence, Campbell asks, this abrupt seizure by an image to which there is no counterpart in the chicken's world? Living gulls and ducks, herons and pigeons, leave it cold, but the of animals work of art strikes some very deep chord! (31: our italics). #9;Campbell's hinted analogy, though only roughly approximate, will serve nonetheless as an instructive introduction to essay social websites, the mythological approach to literature. For it is with the relationship of literary art to some very deep chord, in human nature that mythological criticism deals. Terrorism Thesis Statement! The myth critic is social websites concerned to seek out those mysterious elements that inform certain literary works and that elicit, with almost uncanny force, dramatic and universal human reactions.
The myth critic wishes to streetcar named and death essay, discover how certain works of social networking, literature, usually those that have become, or promise to become, classics, image a kind of terrorism thesis statement, reality to which readers give perennial response--while other works, seemingly as well constructed, and even some forms of reality, leave them cold. Speaking figuratively, the myth critic studies in depth the wooden hawks of great literature: the social networking so-called archetypes or archetypal patterns that the writer has drawn forward along the tensed structural wires of his or her masterpieces and that vibrate in on being such a way that a sympathetic resonance is set off deep within the reader. #9;As obviously close connection exists between mythological criticism and the psychological approach discussed in chapter 3: both are concerned with the motives that underlie human behavior. Between the two approaches are differences of degree and of affinities. Psychology tends to networking websites, be experimental and diagnostic: it is writing essays anthropology closely related to biological science. Mythology tends to be speculative and philosophic; its affinities are with religion, anthropology and cultural history. Such generalizations, of course, risk oversimplification; for instance, a great psychologist like Sigmund Freud ranged far beyond experimental and clinical study into the realms of myth, and his distinguished sometimes protegé, Carl Gustav Jung, became one of the foremost mythologists of our time. Even so, the two approaches are distinct, and mythology is essay networking websites wider in its scope than psychology. For example, what psychoanalysis attempts to disclose about the individual personality, the study of myths reveals about the mind and character of developmental psychology ideas, a people.
And just as dreams reflect the unconscious desires and anxieties of the individual, so myths are the symbolic projections of a people's hopes, values, fears, and aspirations.#9;According to the common misconception and misuse of the term, myths are merely primitive fictions, illusions, or opinions based upon essay social networking websites, false reasoning. Actually, mythology encompasses more than grade school stories about the Greek and Roman deities or clever fables invented for the amusement of essay on being a kindergarten, children (or the harassment of students in essay social networking websites college literature courses). It may be true that myths do not meet our current standards of factual reality, but then neither does any great literature. Terrorism Thesis Statement! Instead, they both reflect a more profound. reality. As Mark Schorer says in William Blake: The Politics of Vision (New York: Holt, 1946), Myth is fundamental, the dramatic representation of our deepest instinctual life, of a primary awareness of essay social websites, man in the universe, capable of many configurations, upon which all particular opinions and attitudes depend (29). According to Alan W. Watts in Myth and psychology ideas Ritual in Christianity (New YorK: Vanguard, 1954), Myth is to essay social, be defined as a complex of stories--some no doubt fact, and some fantasy--which, for various reasons, human beings regard as demonstrations of the essay inner meaning of the universe and of human life (7). #9;Myths are by nature collective and essay websites communal; they bind a tribe or a nation together in common psychological and spiritual activities. In The Language of Poetry, edited by Allen Tate (New York: Russell, 1960), Philip Wheelwright explains, Myth is the expression of a profound sense of togetherness of feeling and of action and of wholeness of living (11).
Moreover, like Melville's famous white whale (itself an archetypal image), myth is ubiquitous in time as well as place. It is a dynamic factor everywhere in human society; it transcends time, uniting the past (traditional modes of belief) with the writing anthropology present (current values) and reaching toward the future (spiritual and cultural aspirations). II. SOME EXAMPLES OF ARCHETYPES. Having established the significance of essay social websites, myth, we need to examine its relationship to archetypes and a kindergarten teacher archetypal patterns. Although every people has its own distinctive mythology that may be reflected in legend, folklore, and ideology--although, in other words, myths take their specific shapes from the cultural environments in which they grow--myth is, in the general sense, universal.
Furthermore, similar motifs or themes may be found among many different mythologies, and certain images that recur in the myths of people widely separated in time and place tend to have a common meaning or, more accurately, tend to essay social websites, elicit comparable psychological responses and to serve similar cultural functions. Such motifs and images are called archetypes. Stated simply, archetypes are universal symbols. As Philip Wheelwright explains in Metaphor and Reality (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1962), such symbols are. #9;those which carry the same or very similar meanings for a large portion, if not all, of mankind.
It is a discoverable fact that certain symbols, such as the sky father and essay on usefulness earth mother, light blood, up-down, the axis of a wheel, and others, recur again and again in cultures so remote from one another in space and time that there is no likelihood of any historical influence and causal connection among them (111) #9;Examples of these archetypes and the symbolic meanings with which they tend to be widely associated follow (it should be noted that these meanings may vary significantly from one context to another): 1. Water: the mystery of creation; birth-death-resurrection; purification and redemption; fertility and growth. According to Jung, water is also the commonest symbol for the unconscious. #9;a. Networking Websites! The sea: the anti terrorism statement mother of all life; spiritual mystery and infinity; death and rebirth; timelessness and eternity; the unconscious.
#9;b. Rivers: death and rebirth (baptism); the essay websites flowing of time into eternity; transitional phases of the life cycle; incarnation of writing essays, deities. 2. Sun (fire and sky are closely related): creative energy; law in nature; consciousness (thinking, enlightenment, wisdom, spiritual vision): father principle (moon and earth tend to be associated with female or mother principle); passage of time and life. a. Networking! Rising sun: birth: creation; enlightenment. b. Setting sun: death. a. Named And Death Salesman Essay! Red: blood, sacrifice, violent passion: disorder. b. Green: growth; sensation; hope; fertility; in negative context may be associated with death and essay websites decay.
c. Blue: usually highly positive, associated with truth, religious feeling, security, spiritual purity (the color of the ideas Great Mother or Holy Mother). d. Black (darkness): chaos, mystery, the unknown; death; primal wisdom; the unconscious; evil; melancholy. e. White: highly multivalent, signifying, in its positive aspects, light, purity, innocence, and timelessness; in its negative aspects, death, terror, the supernatural, and the blinding truth of an inscrutable cosmic mystery (see, for instance, Herman Melville's chapter The Whiteness of the Whale in Moby-Dick). 4. Circle (sphere): wholeness, unity. a. Mandala (a geometric figure based upon the squaring of a circle around a unifying center; [image] Note that in its classic Asian forms the essay networking mandala juxtaposes the triangle, the square, and the circle with their numerical equivalents of three, four, and seven. b. Egg (oval): the mystery of life and the forces of generation.
c. Essays Anthropology! Yang-yin: a Chinese symbol [image] representing the union of essay, the opposite anti terrorism statement, forces of the yang (masculine principle, light, activity, the conscious mind) and the yin (female principle, darkness, passivity, the essay social websites unconscious. d. Ouroboros: the ancient symbol of the snake biting its own tail, signifying the eternal cycle of life, primordial unconsciousness, the unity of opposing forces (cf. yang-yin) 5. Psychology Paper! Serpent (snake, worm): symbol of essay websites, energy and pure force (cf. libido): evil, corruption, sensuality; destruction; mystery; wisdom; the unconscious. a. Three: light; spiritual awareness and unity (cf. the Holy Trinity): the essay of animals male principle. (Graves would question this) b. Four: associated with the circle, life cycle, four seasons; female principle, earth, nature; four elements (earth, air, fire, water). c. Seven: the most potent of all symbolic numbers--signifying the union of three and four, the completion of a cycle, perfect order. 7. The archetypal woman (Great Mother--the mysteries of life death, transformation): a. The Good Mother (positive aspects of the Earth Mother): associated with the life principle, birth, warmth, nourishment, protection, fertility, growth, abundance (for example, Demeter, Ceres). b. The Terrible Mother (including the negative aspects of the Earth Mother): the witch, sorceress, siren, whore, femme fatale--associated with sensuality, sexual orgies, fear, danger, darkness, dismemberment, emasculation, death; the unconscious in its terrifying aspects. #9; c. Essay Social Networking Websites! The Soul Mate: the Sophia figure, Holy Mother, the. princess or beautiful lady—incarnation of inspiration and spiritual fulfillment (cf. the Jungian anima). 8. The Wise Old Man (savior, redeemer, guru): personification of the spiritual principle, representing knowledge, reflection, insight, wisdom, cleverness, and intuition on the one hand, and on the other, moral qualities such as goodwill and essay on usefulness readiness to help, which makes his 'spiritual' character sufficiently plain. . . . Essay! Apart from his cleverness, wisdom, and insight, the paper old man . . . is social networking websites also notable for his moral qualities; what is more, he even tests the moral qualities of essay, others and makes gifts dependent on this test. . . . The old man always appears when the hero is in a hopeless and desperate situation from which only profound reflection or a lucky idea . . . . can extricate him. But since, for internal and external reasons, the hero cannot accomplish this himself, the knowledge needed to compensate the deficiency comes in the form of a personified thought, i.e., in the shape of this sagacious and helpful old man (C.G.
Jung. The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious, trans. R.FC Hull, 2nd ed. (Princeton: NJ: Princeton UP, 1968): 217ff. 9. Garden: paradise; innocence; unspoiled beauty (especially feminine); fertility. 10.
Tree: In its most general sense, the essay networking symbolism of the paper tree denotes life of the cosmos: its consistence, growth, proliferation, generative and regenerative processes. Essay Websites! It stands for inexhaustible life, and is therefore equivalent to a symbol of immortality (J.E. Cirlot, A Dictionary of Symbols, trans. Essay! Jack Sage [New York: Philosophical, 1962]: 328; cf. the essay depiction of the cross of redemption as the tree of life in Christian iconography). See also Eliade in Sacred and Profane for an elaboration) 11. Thesis! Desert: spiritual aridity; death; nihilism, hopelessness. These examples are by no means exhaustive, but represent some of the more common archetypal images that the reader is likely to encounter in literature. Social Websites! The images we have listed do not necessarily function as archetypes very time they appear in a literary work. The discreet critic interprets them.
as such only if the total context of the terrorism thesis statement work logically supports an archetypal reading. B. Archetypal Motifs or Patterns. 1. Creation: perhaps the most fundamental of all archetypal motifs--virtually every mythology is built on some account of how the cosmos, nature, and networking humankind were brought into anti terrorism thesis existence by some supernatural Being or beings. 2. Immortality: another fundamental archetype, generally taking one of two basic narrative forms: #9;a. Escape from time: return to paradise, the state of essay social networking, perfect, timeless bliss enjoyed by man and woman before their tragic Fall into corruption and mortality. See Myth of the Eternal Return #9;b. Essay On Being A Kindergarten Teacher! Mystical submersion into essay social networking websites cyclical time: the theme of endless death and regeneration--human beings achieve a kind of immortality by submitting to the vast, mysterious rhythm of named and death, Nature's eternal cycle, particularly the cycle of the seasons. Eliade would show how b is a version of essay websites, a) 3. Hero archetypes (archetypes of transformation and redemption): #9;a. The quest: the hero (savior, deliverer) undertakes some long journey during which he or she must perform impossible tasks, battle with monsters, solve unanswerable riddles, and overcome insurmountable obstacles in developmental psychology paper order to save the kingdom.
#9;b. Social Websites! Initiation: the hero undergoes a series of anti, excruciating ordeals in passing from ignorance and immaturity to essay websites, social and anti terrorism statement spiritual adulthood, that is, in achieving maturity and becoming a full-fledged member of his or her social group. Essay Social Networking! The initiation most commonly consists of developmental paper ideas, three distinct phases: (1) separation, (2) transformation, and essay networking (3) return. Like the quest, this is a variation of the streetcar and death of a death-and-rebirth archetype. #9;c. The sacrificial scapegoat: the hero, with whom the welfare of the tribe or nation is identified, must die to atone for the people's sins and restore the social land to fruitfulness.
C. ARCHETYPES AS GENRES. Finally, in addition to appearing as images and motifs, archetypes may be found in even more complex combinations as genres or types of literature that conform with the major phases of the seasonal cycle. Northrop Frye, in his Anatomy of Criticism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1957), indicates the correspondent genres for the four seasons as follows: 1. The mythos of spring: comedy. 2. Essay On Usefulness! The mythos of summer: romance. 3. The mythos of fall: tragedy. 4. The mythos of winter: irony. With brilliant audacity Fry identifies myth with literature, asserting that myth is a structural organizing principle of literary form (34) and that an archetype is essentially an element of one's literary experience (365).
And in The Stubborn Structure (Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1970) he claims that mythology as a whole provides a kind of social websites, diagram or blueprint of what literature as a whole is all about, an imaginative survey of the human situation from the beginning to essay, the end, from the height to social networking websites, the depth, of what is imaginatively conceivable (102) III. MYTH CRITICISM IN PRACTICE. Frye's contribution leads us directly into the mythological approach to literary analysis. As our discussion of mythology has shown, the task of the myth critic is a special one. Unlike the essay traditional critic, who relies heavily on history and the biography of the writer, the networking myth critic is interested more in prehistory and the biographies of the gods. Unlike the formalistic critic, who concentrates on the shape and symmetry of the developmental psychology paper work itself, the myth critic probes for the inner spirit which gives that form its vitality and its enduring appeal.
And, unlike the Freudian critic, who is networking websites prone to look on the artifact as the product of some sexual neurosis, the myth critic sees the work holistically, as the manifestation of vitalizing, integrative forces arising from the named of a salesman depths of humankind's collective psyche. #9;Despite the essay networking websites special importance of the myth critic's contribution, this approach is, for several reasons, poorly understood. In the first place, only during the present century have the proper interpretive tools become available through the development of such disciplines as anthropology, psychology, and cultural history. Second, many scholars and teachers of literature have remained skeptical of myth criticism because of its tendencies toward the cultic and the occult. Finally, there has been a discouraging confusion over concepts and essay of animals definitions among the myth initiates themselves, which has caused many would-be myth critics to essay networking, turn their energies to more clearly defined approaches such as the traditional or formalistic. Writing Essays Anthropology! In carefully picking our way through this maze, we can discover at least three separate though not necessarily exclusive disciplines, each of which has figured prominently in the development of myth criticism.
In the following pages we examine these in websites roughly chronological order, nothing how each may be applied to critical analysis. A. Anthropology and Its Uses. The rapid advancement of modern anthropology since the end of the nineteenth century has been the most important single influence on the growth of myth criticism. Shortly after the turn of the century this influence was revealed in terrorism thesis statement a series of important studies published by the Cambridge Hellenists, a group of British scholars who applied recent anthropological discoveries to the understanding of Greek classics in terms of mythic and ritualistic origins. Noteworthy contributions by members of essay social, this group include Anthropology and the Classics (New York: Oxford UP, 1908), a symposium edited by R.R. Marett; Jane Harrison's Themis (London: Cambridge UP, 1912); Gilbert Murray's Euripides and His Age (New York: Holt, 1913); and F.M. Cornford's Origin of Attic Comedy (London: Arnold, 1914). But by far the most significant member of the British school was Sir James G. Frazer, whose monumental The Golden Bough has exerted an enormous influence on twentieth-century literature, not merely on the critics but also on streetcar named desire, such creative writers as James Joyce, Thomas Mann, and T.S. Essay Social Networking! Eliot. Frazer's work, a. comparative study of the primitive origins of religion in magic, ritual, and myth, was first published in two volumes in 1890, later expanded to twelve volumes, and then published in a one-volume abridged edition in 1922. Frazer's main contribution was to demonstrate the essential similarity of man's chief wants everywhere and at all times, particularly as these wants were reflected throughout ancient mythologies.
He explains, for example, in the abridged edition (New York: Macmillan, 1922(, that. #9;Under the developmental psychology paper names of Osiris, Tammuz, Adonis, and Attis, the peoples of Egypt and Western Asia represented the yearly decay and revival of life, especially vegetable life, which they personified as a god who annually died and rose again from the essay networking dead. In name and sfa application essay detail the rites varied from place to place; in substance they were the same. The central motif with which Frazer deals is the archetype of crucifixion and resurrection, specifically the myths describing the killing of the networking websites divine king. Among many primitive peoples it was believed that the ruler was a divine or semi-divine being whose life was identified with the life cycle in named desire and death salesman essay nature and in human existence.
Because of this identification, the social safety of the people and even of the world was felt to depend upon the life of the god-king. Ideas! A vigorous, healthy ruler would ensure natural and human productivity; on the other hand, a sick or maimed king would bring blight and essay social networking disease to the land and its people. Frazer points out that if. #9;the course of nature is dependent on the man-god's life, what catastrophes may not be expected from the gradual enfeeblement of his powers and their final extinction in death? There is only one way of averting these dangers. The man-god must be killed as soon as he shows symptoms that his powers are beginning to fail, and his soul must be transferred to a vigorous successor before it has been seriously impaired by threatened decay. (265) Among some peoples the on being a kindergarten kings were put to death at regular intervals to ensure the welfare of the tribe; later, however, substitute figures were killed in place of the kings themselves, or the sacrifices because purely symbolic rather than literal. #9;Corollary to the rite of sacrifice was the scapegoat archetype.
This motif centered in the belief that, by transferring the essay social corruptions of the developmental psychology ideas tribe to a sacred animal or person, then by killing (and in some instances eating) this scapegoat, the tribe could achieve the cleansing and atonement thought necessary for natural and spiritual rebirth. Pointing out that food and children are the primary needs for human survival, Frazer emphasizes that the rites of blood sacrifice and purification were considered by ancient peoples as a magical guarantee of rejuvenation, an social networking assurance of life, both vegetable and human. If such customs strike us as incredibly primitive, we need only to essay on usefulness, recognize their vestiges in our own civilized world--for example, the irrational satisfaction that some people gain by the persecution of social, such minority groups as blacks and Jews as scapegoats, or the more wholesome feelings of renewal derived from our New Year's festivities and resolutions, the homely tradition of spring-cleaning, our celebration of and death, Easter and essay networking websites even the Eucharist. Modern writers themselves have employed the scapegoat motif with striking relevance (for example, Shirley Jackson in The Lottery, Robert Heinlein in essays Stranger in a Strange Land, and Tom Tryon in Harvest Home.). #9;The insights of Frazer and websites the Cambridge Hellenists have been extremely helpful in myth criticism, especially in the mythological approach to drama.
Many scholars theorize that tragedy originated from the primitive rites we have described. The tragedies of Sophocles and essay Aeschylus, for example, were written to social websites, be played during the festival of Dionysos, annual vegetation ceremonies during which the ancient Greeks celebrated the deaths of the winter-kings and the rebirths of the gods of spring and streetcar named and death renewed life. #9;Sophocles's Oedipus is an excellent example of the fusion of myth and essay literature. Sophocles produced a great play, but the plot of Oedipus was not his invention. Essay On Usefulness! It was a well-known mythic narrative long before he immortalized it as tragic drama. Essay Social Networking! Both the myth and the play contain a number of familiar archetypes, as a brief summary of the streetcar named and death plot indicates.
The king and queen of ancient Thebes, Laius and Jocasta, are told in a prophecy that their newborn son, after he has grown. up, will murder his father and marry his mother. To prevent this catastrophe, the king orders one of his men to pierce the infant's heels and abandon him to die in social networking the wilderness. But the child is saved by a shepherd and taken to Corinth, where he is essay on usefulness of animals reared as the son of King Polybus and Queen Merope, who lead the boy to believe that they are his real parents. After reaching maturity and essay hearing of a prophecy that he is destined to commit patricide and incest, Oedipus flees from developmental psychology ideas, Corinth to essay websites, Thebes. On his journey he meets an old man and psychology his servants, quarrels with them and kills them. Essay Networking! Before entering Thebes he encounters the Sphinx (who holds the city under a spell), solves her riddle, and frees the essay city; his reward is the hand of the widowed Queen Jocasta. He then rules a prosperous Thebes for many years, fathering four children by Jocasta. At last, however, a blight falls upon essay social websites, his kingdom because Laius's slayer has gone unpunished. Oedipus starts an intensive investigation to find the culprit--only to discover ultimately that he himself is the guilty one, that the old man whom he had killed on his journey to Thebes was Laius, his real father.
Overwhelmed by this revelation, Oedipus blinds himself with a brooch taken from his dead mother-wife, who has hanged herself, and goes into exile. Following his sacrificial punishment, Thebes is essay on usefulness of animals restored to health and abundance. #9;Even in websites this bare summary we may discern at least two archetypal motifs: (1) In the quest motif, Oedipus, as the on usefulness hero, undertakes a journey during which he encounters the essay social networking websites Sphinx, a supernatural monster with the body of streetcar desire and death of a, a lion and the head of a woman; by answering her riddle, he delivers the kingdom and marries the social networking websites queen. (2) In the king-as-sacrificial-scapegoat motif, the welfare of the state, both human and natural (Thebes is stricken by both plague and drought), is paper bound up with the personal fate of the social websites ruler; only named and death of a essay after Oedipus has offered himself up as s scapegoat is the land redeemed. #9;Considering that Sophocles wrote his tragedy expressly for essay social websites a ritual occasion, we are hardly surprised that Oedipus reflects certain facets of the fertility myths described by Frazer. . . . [I skip over mythic analyses of specific literary texts, to page 166, almost half-way down the page] B. Essay On Being A Kindergarten! Jungian Psychology and Its Archetypal Insights.
The second major influence on social networking websites, mythological criticism is the work of C.G. Jung, the great psychologist-philosopher and onetime student of Freud who broke with the master because of what he regarded as a too-narrow approach to psycho-analysis. Jung believed libido (psychic energy) to be more than sexual; also, he considered Freudian theories too negative because of Freud's emphasis on the neurotic rather than the healthy aspects of the psyche. #9;Jung's primary contribution to myth criticism is his theory of essay on being, racial memory and archetypes. In developing this concept, Jung expanded Freud's theories of the networking websites personal unconscious, asserting that beneath this is a primeval, collective unconscious shared in the psychic inheritance of all members of the human family. As Jung himself explains in The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche ( Collected Works, vol. 8) [Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1960]): #9;If it were possible to personify the unconscious, we might think of it as a collective human being combining the characteristics of both sexes, transcending youth and sfa application essay age, birth and death, and, from having at its command a human experience of one or two million years, practically immortal.
If such a being existed, it would be exalted over all temporal change; the present would mean neither more nor less to it than any year in essay social websites the. #9;hundredth millennium before Christ; it would be a dreamer of age-old dreams and, owing to its immeasurable experience, an incomparable prognosticator. It would have lived countless times over again the life of the writing essays individual, the family, the tribe, and the nation, and social it would possess a living sense of the rhythm of growth, flowering, and decay. (349-50) Just as certain instincts are inherited by the lower animals (for example, the instinct of the baby chicken to run from sfa application, a hawk's shadow), so more complex psychic predispositions are inherited by human beings. Jung believed, contrary to eighteenth-century Lockean psychology, that Mind is not born as a tabula rasa [a clean slate]. Like the body, it has its pre-established individual definiteness; namely, forms of behaviour. They become manifest in the ever-recurring patterns of psychic functioning ( Psyche and Symbol [Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1958]: xv). Essay Social Networking! Therefore what Jung called myth-forming structural elements are ever present in the unconscious psyche; he refers to the manifestations of these elements as motifs, primordial images, or archetypes. #9;Jung was also careful to explain that archetypes are not inherited ideas or patterns of thought, but rather that they are predispositions to of animals, respond in similar ways to social, certain stimuli: In reality they belong to the realm of activities of the instincts and in that sense they represent inherited forms of developmental, psychic behavior (xvi). In Psychological Reflections (New York: Harper, 1961), he maintained that these psychic instincts are older than historical man. . . . have been ingrained in him from earliest times, and, eternally living, out-lasting all generations, still make up the groundwork of the human psyche.
It is only possible to live the fullest life when we are in harmony with these symbols; wisdom is a return to them (42). #9;In stressing that archetypes are actually inherited forms, Jung also went further than most of the anthropologists, who tended to see these forms as social phenomena passed down from social networking, one generation to the next through various sacred rites rather than through the structure of the psyche itself. Furthermore, in The Archetypes and writing anthropology the Collective Unconscious (New York: Pantheon, 1959), he theorized that myths do not. derive from external factors such as the season or solar cycle but are, in truth, the projections of innate psychic phenomena: #9;All the mythologized processes of nature, such as summer and winter, the phases of the moon, the rainy seasons, and essay social networking so forth, are in desire and death of a salesman no sense allegories of these objective occurrences; rather they are symbolic expressions of the inner, unconscious drama of the psyche which becomes accessible to man's consciousness by way of projection--that is, mirrored in the events of social, nature. (6) In other words, myths are the means by which archetypes, essentially unconscious forms, become manifest and articulate to the conscious mind. Jung indicated further that archetypes reveal themselves in the dreams of individuals, so that we might say that dreams are personalized myths and sfa application essay myths are depersonalized dreams. #9;Jung detected an intimate relationship between dreams, myths, and art in that all three serve as media through which archetypes become accessible to consciousness. The great artist, as Jung observes in essay Modern Man in Search of essays anthropology, a Soul (New York: Harcourt, n.d.; first published in 1933), is a person who possesses the primordial vision, a special sensitivity to archetypal patterns and a gift for speaking in primordial images that enable him or her to transmit experiences of the inner world through art. Considering the nature of the artist's raw materials, Jung suggests it is social only logical that the artist will resort to mythology in order to give his experience its most fitting expression. Writing Essays! This is not to say that the artist gets materials secondhand: The primordial experience is the source of his creativeness; it cannot be fathomed, and social therefore requires mythological imagery to give it form (164).
#9;Although Jung himself wrote relatively little that could be called literary criticism, what he did write leaves no doubt that he believed literature, and art in general, to anti thesis statement, be a vital ingredient in human civilization. Most important, his theories have expanded the horizons of essay social networking, literary interpretation for those critics concerned to use the tools of the mythological approach and for psychological critics who have felt too tightly constricted by Freudian theory. 1. Writing Essays Anthropology! Some Special Archetypes: Shadow, Persona, and Anima. In The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious (New York: Pantheon, 1959), Jung discusses at length many of the archetypal patterns that we have already examined (for example,water, colors, rebirth). In this way, although his emphasis is psychological rather than anthropological, a good deal of essay networking websites, his work overlaps that of Frazer and the others. But, as we have already indicated, Jung is not merely a derivative or secondary figure; he is a major influence in the growth of myth criticism.
For one thing, he provided some of the favorite terminology now current among myth critics. The term archetype itself, though not coined by Jung, enjoys its present widespread usage among the myth critics primarily because of his influence. Also, like Freud, he was a pioneer whose brilliant flashes of insight have helped to light our way in exploring the of animals darker recesses of the essay networking websites human mind. #9;One major contribution is Jung's theory of individuation as related to those archetypes designated as the shadow, the essay persona, and the anima. Individuation is a psychological growing up, the process of discovering those aspects of one's self that make one an essay social networking websites individual different from other members of the anti species. It is essentially a process of recognition--that is, as one matures, the individual must consciously recognize the various aspects, unfavorable as well as favorable, of one's total self. This self-recognition requires extraordinary courage and honesty but is essay websites absolutely essential if one is to become a well-balanced individual. Jung theorizes that neuroses are the writing anthropology results of the person's failure to confront and accept some archetypal component of the unconscious.
Instead of social websites, assimilating this unconscious element to their consciousness, neurotic individuals persist in projecting it upon essay teacher, some other person or object. In Jung's words, projection is an unconscious, automatic process whereby a content that is unconscious to the subject transfers itself to an object, so that it seems to belong to that object. The projection ceases the moment it becomes conscious, that is to essay social networking, say when it is seen as belonging to the subject ( Archetypes, 60). In layman's terms, the habit of projection is reflected in essay of animals the attitude that everybody is essay networking websites out of step but me or I'm the only hon- est person in the crowd. It is a commonplace that we can project our own unconscious faults and weaknesses on others much more easily than we can accept them as part of our own nature. #9;The shadow, the streetcar named desire salesman persona, and essay networking websites the anima are structural components of the psyche that human beings have inherited, just as the chicken has inherited his built-in response to the hawk. We encounter the symbolic projections of these archetypes throughout the desire salesman myths and the literature of humankind. In melodrama, such as the television or Hollywood western, the persona, the anima, and the shadow are projected respectively in networking websites the characters of the hero, the heroine, and streetcar desire salesman essay the villain.
The shadow is the darker side of networking, our unconscious self, the inferior and less pleasing aspects of the personality, which we wish to suppress. Taking it in thesis its deepest sense, writes Jung in social networking websites Psychological Reflections, The shadow is the invisible saurian [reptilian] tail that man still drags behind him (217). The most common variant of this archetype, when projected is the Devil, who, in Jung's words in Two Essays on Analytical Psychology (New York: Pantheon, 1953), represents the dangerous aspect of the unrecognized dark half of the personality (94). In literature we see symbolic representations of this archetype in such figures as Shakespeare's Iago, Milton's Satan, Goethe's Mephistopheles, and Conrad's Kurtz. #9;The anima is perhaps the most complex of Jung's archetypes. It is the soul-image, the essay spirit of a man's élan vital, his life force or vital energy. In the websites sense of soul, says Jung, anima is the living thing in man, that which lives of developmental, itself and causes life. . . . Were it not for the leaping and twinkling of the soul, man would rot away in his greatest passion, idleness ( Archetypes, 26-27). Jung gives the anima a feminine designation in the male psyche, pointing out that the anima-image is usually projected upon women (in the female psyche this archetype is called the animus). Networking! In this sense, anima is the contrasexual part of a man's psyche, the image of the opposite sex that he carries in both his personal and anti terrorism thesis statement his collective unconscious.
As an old German proverb puts it, Every man has his own Eve within him--in other words, the human psyche is bisexual, though the psychologi- cal characteristics of the opposite sex in each of us are generally unconscious, revealing themselves only in dreams or in projections on social networking websites, someone in our environment. The phenomenon of essay, love, especially love at first sight, may be explained at least in part by Jung's theory of the anima: we tend to networking, be attracted to members of on being teacher, the opposite sex who mirror the characteristics of our own inner selves. In literature, Jung regards such figures as Helen of Troy, Dante's Beatrice, Milton's Eve, and H. Rider Haggard's She as personifications of the anima. Following his theory, we might say that any female figure who is invested with unusual significance or power is likely to be a symbol of the essay websites anima. (Examples for the animus come less readily to Jung; like Freud, he tended to describe features of the male psyche more than those of the female, even through both analysts' patients were nearly all women.) One other function of the anima is noteworthy here. The anima is a kind of mediator between the ego (the conscious will or thinking self) and the unconscious or inner world of the male individual. This function will be somewhat clearer if we compare the named desire and death salesman essay anima with the persona. #9;The persona is the obverse of the anima in that it mediates between our ego and the external world. Essay Social! Speaking metaphorically, let us say that the ego is a coin. The image on one side is the anima; on the other side, the persona.
The persona is the actor's mask that we show to the world--it is our social personality, a personality that is psychology ideas sometimes quite different from our true self. Jung, in discussing this social mask, explains that, to achieve psychological maturity, the individual must have a flexible, viable persona that can be brought into networking harmonious relationship with the other components of writing, his or her psychic makeup. He states, furthermore, that a persona that is too artificial or rigid results in essay social such symptoms of on usefulness of animals, neurotic disturbance as irritability and melancholy. [I skip over mythic analyses of specific literary texts, to page 181, second half of the page] IV.
LIMITATIONS OF MYTH CRITICISM. It should be apparent from the foregoing illustrations that myth criticism offers some unusual opportunities for essay networking the enhancement of our literary appreciation and understanding. No other critical approach possesses quite the essays same combination of breadth and depth. As we have sen, an application of myth criticism takes us far beyond the historical and aesthetic realms of literary study--back to the beginning of humankind's oldest rituals and beliefs and deep into our own individual hearts. Essay! Because of the vastness and the complexity of mythology, a field of sfa application, study whose mysteries anthropologists and psychologists are still working to penetrate, our brief introduction can give the reader only essay social networking websites a superficial and fragmentary overview. Terrorism! Bur we hope we have given interested students a glimpse of new vistas and that they will explore myth on their own. #9;We should point out some of the inherent limitations of the. mythological approach. Essay Networking! As with the psychological approach, the reader must take care that enthusiasm for a new-found interpretive key does not tempt him or her to discard other valuable critical instruments or to try to open all literary doors with this single key.
Just as Freudian critics sometimes lose sight of a great work's aesthetic values in their passion for sexual symbolism, so myth critics tend to forget that literature is more than a vehicle for paper ideas archetypes and ritual patterns. In other words, they run the risk of being distracted from the essay social networking aesthetic experience of the work itself. They forget that literature is, above all else, art. As we have indicated before, the discreet critic will apply such extrinsic perspectives as the essay teacher mythological and psychological only essay social websites as far as they enhance the experience of the art form, and only as far as the anti thesis statement structure and potential meaning of the work consistently support such approaches. [The following excerpts from A Handbook of social, Critical Approaches to Literature relate to mythological criticism] #9;French feminists who follow [Jacques] Lacan, particularly Hélène Cixous, often propose a utopian place, a primeval female space free of symbolic order, sex roles, otherness, and terrorism statement the Law of the Father in which the self is still linked with what Cixous calls the Voice of the Mother. This place, with its Voice, is the source of all feminine writing. Cixous contends: to social networking websites, gain access to it is to find a source of immeasurable feminine power. Writing! Luce Iragary also describes this utopian feminine space, but Julia Kristeva is most explicit about the distinction between it and the real world. Kristeva calls this Mother-centered feminine realm the semiotic as opposed to the symbolic.
#9;Before we end this section, we must mention one other type of psychological feminism, myth criticism. Though myth criticism has its own history and methodology (see chapter 4), several feminist writers have adopted its perspectives and transformed them for the purposes of feminist criticism. Notable among these is Annis Pratt, who, although she criticizes Jung for his lack of treatment of the female developing psyche, offers intriguing connections between feminism and Jungian archetypal criticism. Pratt attempts to construct archetypes of power that are useful to practicing women critics as a means of avoiding the essay patriarchal tradition (Pratt, Archetypal Patterns in Women's Fiction [Brighton: Harvester, 1982], and The New Feminist Criticisms: Exploring the History of the New Space, in anti thesis statement Beyond Intellectual Sexism: A New Woman, A New Reality, ed Joan I. Roberts [New York: David McKay, 1976]: 175-95). Feminist myth critics tend to center their discussions on the Great Mother and other early female images and goddesses, viewing these figures as the radical others that can offer hope and social networking websites wholeness as against essay of animals, the patriarchal repression of women.
Especially popular are figures of the Medusa, Cassandra, Arachne, and Isis. #9;In The Lost Tradition: Mothers and Daughters in Literature (ed. Cathy M. Davidson and E.M. Broner [New York: Ungar, 1980]), prominent feminist myth critics, including Annis Pratt and Adrienne Rich, define myth as the networking key critical genre for women. Criticizing male myth critics of the 1950s and 1960s, such as Northrop Frye, for ignoring gender in their scientific classifications of myths and archetypes, these writers direct our attention to gender as well as to the actual. practices of diverse ethnic groups. Streetcar Named Of A Salesman! Since most myths are constructed and studied by men, there are some very difficult issues concerning women's representation in myths; thus the need is networking websites even greater for women's creation of their own myths. On Being A Kindergarten! Many of these new feminist myth critics reject the Greco-Roman tradition as hegemonous and instead seek pre-Greek myths, such as those of Isis, and diverse, lesser known cultural myths in different parts of the world, such as those of Native American legend. Rich conforms to these general strategies, but focuses on social networking, the ways mothers are portrayed in mythology and essay literature. Although some early feminists seem to have felt that motherhood and essay websites feminism do not go comfortably together, Rich argues through myth that motherhood is the developmental paper ideas feminine status.
She distinguishes between the essay social networking fact of motherhood and the institution a patriarchal culture makes of it, finding that society's oppression of women comes precisely from its need to romanticize (and in essay a certain sense avoid facing) the terrible and wonderful powers of the mother. #9;Myth can teach women how to live, and it can help ethnic groups, especially oppressed minorities, reorganize and reorient themselves within a dominant culture. Myth manages to bring together private and public experiences informs that can be as direct or as masked as the situation demands. It especially appeals to women in their identification with nature, as in the vegetation-goddess archetypes such as Ceres, and it can connect the individual woman with the totality of the cosmos, as with a goddess such as the three-faced goddess of the crossways, Diana-Selene-Hecate. Even the most destructive women in mythology, such as Medea, can be analyzed to show their attraction for modern women; it is well-documented that in essay social networking many cultures, when matriarchal societies were replaced with patriarchal ones, the previously venerated goddesses are turned by the new culture into witches, seductresses, or fools. On Usefulness! Studying these transformations reveals the powers of the goddess all over again, enriching the lives of men as well as women. Yet myth criticism in essay social networking websites general and feminist myth criticism in particular have been attacked as too homogenizing, promoting a false universality. #9;Lévi-Strauss and anti terrorism statement his disciples determined that the essay social networking websites adaptation of Saussure's linguistic model to problems of essay of animals, human science was sound because Saussure had followed a rigorous, objective scientific method, which identifies and defines constituent parts, studies relationships within a system, and accepts mathematical analysis. Social! Language and culture are alike because they are composed of oppositions, correlations, and logical relations (Claire Jackson, Translator's Preface, in Lévi-Strauss, Structural Anthropology, Vol. 1 [New York: Basic, 1963]: xii). To Lévi-Strauss, the structures of myth point to the structures of the human mind common to all people--that is, to the way all human beings think (cf. Terrorism Thesis Statement! our discussion in chapter 4 [above] of the essay social universality of myth).
Myth thus becomes a language--a universal narrative mode that transcends cultural or temporal barriers and speaks to all people, in the process tapping deep reservoirs of feeling and experience and often invested with divine origins. To Lévi-Strauss, even though we have no knowledge of any entire mythology, such myths as we do uncover reveal the existence within any culture of a system of abstractions by which that culture structures its life. In his study of the essay on usefulness Oedipus myth, Lévi-Strauss found a set of social networking, mythemes-- units of myth analogous to linguistic terms like morphemes, phonemes, or tagmemes, and like those linguistic counterparts based in binary oppositions-- whose structural patterns invest the myth with meaning. For example, Oedipus kills his father. (a sign of the undervaluation of kinship) and marries his mother, Jocasta (an overvaluation of kinship). In either case, Oedipus has choices, although a pitying reader may not think so: what he does plus what he does not do are significant binary oppositions within the myth (as they are in writing essays anthropology Sophocles's tragedy).
Although Lévi-Strauss was not interested in essay social networking the literariness of myths, some of has contemporaries saw his work promising implications for purely literary studies, particularly studies of narrative.
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3 Questions to help create your own personal motto: 2. Essay? What values would you most want to pass on to you children? The answers to these questions are a starting point. Figure out what speaks most clearly to you and begin working on the language to tersely express that core belief in an empowering and essay, inspiring way. And then use it often to essay reinforce its message, letting it sink deeply into the fiber of who you are on developmental psychology paper a fundamental level. Oh, and by the way, feel free to borrow others.
They’re free! So please share your thoughts in the comments below. Essay? And share this article with others using your favorite social media if you found it to be of writing, value. But most of all, always remember to share your love and decency and your example with others. Thank you for social websites sharing your time with me. #128578; Read Part I of essay, this series called What#8217;s the Motto with You: The Power of Personal Mottos, Part I Read Part II of this series called 4 Mottos You Can Look at, but Can’t Keep: The Power of Personal Mottos, Part II. Like our FB page (by clicking here) to get daily inspirational messages like the essay social networking websites one below: Sign up for my eBook, A Walk Through Happiness and essay teacher, get my monthly newsletter for the same low price of FREE! How to Set New Year Resolutions that Work (the missing ingredient) Why New Year#8217;s Resolutions Have Gotten a Bad Rap (and you should still set a few) How to (almost) Guarantee Success (trading fear for belief) Belief is Overrated (kick it up a notch) You#8217;ve shared wisdom from many great bloggers here.
I#8217;m fascinated by everyone#8217;s motto too. Each motto is essay social websites a #8220;window#8221; into the inner workings of the person. Thank you for including mine as well. Yeah, I was really happy with the responses to my request for mottos. Such a wide array of them too. Psychology Ideas? Some similar, but none the same and many very dissimilar. And you#8217;re right, I think it does allow us to peak, even if ever so slightly, in through the windows of the hearts and minds of essay social networking websites, these awesome people. Thanks for sharing your motto with us, Angela. Writing Essays? Lovely. Hearing other peoples#8217; mottos (not mottoes) is networking websites also very inspiring. #128578; I realized my comment requesting you to use my comment to your earlier post did not get published. #128578; De nada! I am bookmarking this post to essay teacher read often.
Thank you, Ken. Oh no! That was just an essay social networking websites oversight. I put one of your mottos in late last night after reading your comment. It#8217;s #16 now. Sorry I missed that, Vidya. And thanks for commenting across the series. YOU rock, my dear friend.
I appreciate it, Ken, very much. Ah, I believe that when i like/love someone, I must show it. #128578; For, who knows what may happen the next minute. Thanks again. Don#8217;t know why you got imprisoned as potential spam, but glad I found you and essay, unlocked the prison doors! #128578; I think we#8217;ve all heard those stories of the son who flew home to networking websites finally express his forgiveness for his dad only to arrive too late or the father who reaches out for his adult child to finally say he loves her only to make the sfa application phone call a day late. Such tragic moments of regret that will likely linger for essay social networking websites the rest of their lives. But like you so wisely say, it doesn#8217;t have to be this way if we say and show it now. Well, that#8217;s how I interpreted what you said, anyway. I like that statement (#8220;I believe that when I like/love someone, I must show it#8221;) on another level too. Many people use the word #8220;love.#8221; But I suspect fewer show it as often as they use the word. But the thing is, showing it speaks so much louder and clearer than the of a essay words that are often so contrastingly mixed in the muddy waters of bickering, nitpicking, grudges, past mistakes, holding on to past wrongs, and websites, all the sfa application little and big things we do and essay social websites, say that fails to show the writing anthropology love we proclaim (or casually express) and thereby robs love of essay social, its power.
Thanks for making that point, Vidya. What a great collection of mottos. You have done an awesome research work here#8230; #128578; I am pretty sure that they insiped you as much as they inspire us, readers along the way. Most definitely, Laura! I#8217;m constantly being both educated and inspired by these bloggers and essay on usefulness of animals, so many more out there writing insightful, informative and motivational material. But you know what? I#8217;m also regularly inspired by my readers too.
From comments they make to emails I get to the inspiration all of you are to me to keep learning and discovering and networking websites, exploring and growing. Writing Essays? I#8217;m touched and inspired and motivated to essay networking keep passing on tidbits of what I learn to streetcar named of a you through what I write here. Social Networking? Thanks so much for sharing your thoughts and time, Laura. It#8217;s much appreciated. Each motto has given me #8216;food for thought#8217;. They offer a different way of on usefulness of animals, seeing and being in the world. Thanks so much for the wise words from some awesome bloggers. #128578; Fran.
I like the way you put that, Fran. These mottos do make you think, don#8217;t they. That#8217;s one of the wonderful things about mottos. They speak to critical principles to our growth and happiness in networking, such compact, bite-sized, thought-provoking, rhetorical packages. I loved putting this post together because, in anti terrorism thesis, part, it allowed me to read over the mottos many times as I chose how to order them and edit the article itself. Good stuff, here, for sure. Hi Ken, My motto has always been: Gratitude is the best attitude#8230;besides one size fits all#8230;.
The attitude of gratitude is so instrumental to our happiness. Grateful people are kinder, more thoughtful, more decent human beings who just enjoy life so much more than ingrates. #8220;Gratitude is the essay best attitude#8221; is an awesome motto to on being a kindergarten have, Bryan. Essay Social Networking? But what did you mean by #8220;besides one size fits all#8221;? It#8217;s probably obvious, but I missed it. If you mean everyone would benefit from having more gratitude, I agree.
Such a critical trait to develop for both our happiness and out character. Thanks for sfa application essay stopping by and sharing your motto. It#8217;s certainly an important reminder to social us to work on streetcar named of a salesman how we think (and thank) our way through life. Thanks for including me! My pleasure Benny! Thanks for sending your motto over.
Truly appreciated. I particular liked your explanation of watching Shawshank Redemption and being moved to change things. Awesome example. Social Networking Websites? Thanks for including me in this wonderful group! You have collected a great list of wisdom, inspiration, and insight.
I agree, Joe! Yours included in that wisdom and insight. We should all strive for living a passionate, meaningful life of character as we reach out and build relationships. Thank you for sharing those powerful mottos, my friend. Life is what we make of it and armed with that kind of commitment to living a full life, we can create a life that truly matters on writing essays a very deep level to us. Networking? These are great! There are no mistakes in the universe. Trust what you get. Thanks so much for on being a kindergarten sharing your mottos here. Social? That#8217;s an interesting question about the universe, though. I know a lot of people who hold that view.
I suppose I#8217;m a bit on the agnostic side. I guess some of essay, my agnosticism is not knowing exactly what the universe is responsible for. Essay Websites? Is it the laws of physics and other sciences that govern the workings of life wherein people make mistakes? Or when you speak of the universe, do you include all that happens in life? I have to anti terrorism statement admit to some ignorance here. Essay Social Networking Websites? Mine is a more traditionally Biblical understanding of life. Would love to hear your perspective on essays anthropology things like the Holocaust and rape and networking websites, starvation and psychology, natural disasters and all. Or if I#8217;m asking for a response that would be too much for a comment, I would be interested in being directed to an article somewhere (on your site?) that would provide those answers. Essay Networking Websites? Thanks, Julie!
I love learning new things about other people#8217;s ways of thinking and perceiving things. Psychology Paper? Wow, those are some big questions! I can#8217;t take up your whole blog writing about essay social networking websites, them so here is a link to one article that addresses the #8220;whys#8221; of horrific events: In brief, I#8217;d say that in writing essays, my experience the essay #8220;universe#8221; means #8220;everything.#8221; To you that might translate to #8220;God#8221;? There are no mistakes. It can LOOK like a mistake. On Being A Kindergarten Teacher? You can wish you never went there and essay social websites, did that. Terrorism Thesis? Actually what is it?
A learning opportunity for your growth. Try looking at it like this. The universe is comprised of everything there is and ever was. There is essay social networking a record of every word, act, deed, utterance, event, etc etc from this moment going back until the beginning. You can actually access this (it is anti statement known as the Akashic Records). As a person, you are connected to every other person in what some call the #8220;universal#8221; or #8220;collective#8221; intelligence. Essay Social Networking Websites? Right now, you are connected, and you always have been whether or not you perceive it. So basically it doesn#8217;t matter if you believe it or not. Terrorism Statement? Interestingly, science is finally getting to the point where it is close to social proving how this all works (because you know how we like proof!) . What is the universe responsible for? I guess you mean as opposed to you? So#8230;you are part of the universe.
Your responsibility is#8230;you have Free Will. That means that you direct everything. Terrorism Statement? You co-create your entire experience. The fact that you know and essay social networking, associate with a lot of people who see this in my same frame of reference just means that you#8217;re very well connected or #8220;plugged in#8221; to the universe. Don#8217;t think of writing essays anthropology, it in religious terms. It#8217;s not a religious thing. I was afraid it might have been one of those huge questions that would take a book to explain, but you did a great job of it here, and I thank you for that, Julie. Would you mind me pushing a little more (all lovingly, of course!)? I guess my confusion is in hearing things like everyone is just where they#8217;re supposed to social networking be and that the anti thesis universe brings to us what we need at that moment and that everything that happens is what is supposed to happen.
If I#8217;m wrong in that assumption, and am oversimplifying or confusing disparate belief systems that are unrelated, let me know. But if the networking websites above paragraph is correct, I have a hard time imagining how slaughtering 6 million Jews in the Holocaust has anything to teach THOSE 6 million dead Jews. I#8217;m assuming a benevolent universe. That#8217;s what I believe I#8217;ve read from essay advocates of the system (for lack f a better word). But if benevolent, would the universe teach OTHERS by torturing and murdering 1/3 of essay social networking websites, European Jewry? I hope I#8217;m not coming across in any other way but wanting to better understand. I just feel that you would be a wonderful source of information about essay, this. And I#8217;ve long had these questions and haven#8217;t yet heard an answer that sits well with me.
Would love any insight you could shed! And thank you so much for the willingness to have such a conversation. #128578; You#8217;re making me work first thing on a Sunday?! OK I have my coffee #128578; #8220;I guess my confusion is in hearing things like everyone is just where they’re supposed to be and that the universe brings to us what we need at essay networking websites that moment and that everything that happens is what is supposed to happen.#8221; No, I don#8217;t agree with that. Mind you, I do not purport to have all of the on being a kindergarten answers to these things! The other statements I made were based on my own personal experience (doing readings for essay networking other people). This part is just a guess based on what it #8220;looks like#8221; to me at anti terrorism thesis this time.
I reserve the right to change my mind #128578; It all hinges on having Free Will. Essay Networking Websites? You can choose to take any action. If you take one that is immoral, then what goes around comes around. Karma, so to writing anthropology speak. What seems to essay social networking trip people up here is sfa application that they observe a lifetime and essay, say,#8221;Well, that person did all of these awful things and still their life went great! They never got what was coming to them.#8221; Fear not and this I am sure of because I#8217;ve seen it there are many lifetimes at play here.
Karma carries across lifetimes. Sometimes we are reaping what we sowed BEFORE, and whether it is good or bad, we can#8217;t figure out essay why it#8217;s happening because it doesn#8217;t make logical sense based on what we#8217;ve done in THIS lifetime. #8220;Everyone is where they are supposed to essay social be#8221; is based on essay a kindergarten teacher their own Free Will. It is not at anyone else#8217;s direction. Essay Social Networking? It also can refer to of animals the fact that we do plan our life path before we are born to learn lessons and essay social websites, evolve for essay a kindergarten teacher the purpose of the growth of our soul but we don#8217;t necessarily remember that plan. Even if we remember it, we have free will and can choose not to follow it. #8220;The universe brings to us what we need at that moment#8221; well yes and no.
Yes the universe always does offer help (in the form of our own spiritual teams who are there to guide and social networking, protect us at the direction of our higher self which is #8220;you#8221; at the soul level). Do we always hear it, heed it, or allow it to psychology ideas guide us? No, we don#8217;t. Again, free will. #8220;Everything that happens is supposed to essay social happen#8221; Yes, that is true intrinsically. Like, it DID happen because of sfa application essay, our choices, so in that sense it was #8220;supposed to#8221; happen.
But that doesn#8217;t mean that there is websites some kind of Divine Plan that chooses things for us there isn#8217;t. No one is a Grand Director of on usefulness of animals, life on social Earth. When bad things happen it#8217;s because we screwed up. And, we will #8220;pay#8221; for writing essays it, but not in a #8220;go straight to @#!*% #8221; kind of essay social networking, way. From what I can see, there is no @#!*% . There is however a Life Review. Essay? When you die there is a period where you get to experience what you did to others exactly as they experienced it.
You get a perspective on essay social networking websites what your original pre-birth plan was and how you delivered on it by your actions and this perspective is something that is very high level, something we could not grasp from our current perspective of being incarnated. Remember that the whole purpose of us being here is psychology so that God/The Universe/Source however you think of social networking, it, it is the same thing gets to experience Everything. That is streetcar desire and death essay what we are doing here as little parts of the Whole. Again, I don#8217;t #8220;know#8221; this to be fact, I have no memory of any of my Life Reviews, I cannot be certain but it sure looks that way to me from where I am sitting at the moment. Science is essay websites getting pretty close to establishing proof of past lives/reincarnation and that part seems very obvious to me. It#8217;s the only way I can see that everything I have experienced makes sense. However I reserve the right to stand corrected #128578; If you are really interested in this stuff and how it all works you really should come visit me at the blog and developmental psychology, take a look around. I basically do readings for people every week and as I do them and learn and experience more about how this is all integrated I just write what I feel or write about what I am shown that is new. Posts come out every Thursday. Thank you, thank you, thank you Julie! #8220;A+#8221; for essay social networking patience with the annoying guy at the back of the class who keeps raising his hand to ask more questions! #128578;
All so very interesting! You did a fabulous job answering my questions. I had never considered the belief of karma following into desire and death of a essay, other lives. Essay Social Networking Websites? While I#8217;m not a proponent of that belief (though respect it AS a belief), it certainly make MUCH more sense to me now. So it#8217;s not that the 3 year old Jew in Poland did anything to attract the Holocaust to him, it#8217;s the immoral use of free will exercised by streetcar named of a salesman Nazis and their sympathizers who will reap the effects of their immorality for having exercised their free will so horrifically here or in websites, the next life.
It#8217;s interesting to see where our beliefs overlap. My Biblical take on life allows for free will as well. I don#8217;t believe in a Butler-God dictating or orchestrating life here. Rather, God can intervene, but allows us to go about doing good or bad because the centrality of free will to the whole purpose of life in our mortal experience. Also, while I believe in psychology ideas, only one more life after this mortal one, it seems we both accept the idea that #8220;karma#8221; or the natural consequences for the way we chose to live our lives and treat others will follow us into the next one.
I guess my one remaining question mark lingers over essay the child Jew (and all others in similar situations). Did 6 million dead Jews attract their fate by streetcar salesman essay virtue of their previous lives? Or are they simply victims of free will? The latter would be my belief. But if the universe is essay websites perfect etc., how does that act of evil play out for that child? I know, I know, I keep looking for the easy answers instead of doing the research myself. #128578; Thanks again for humoring me, Julie! You#8217;ve been GREAT! #128578; PS: Does the Law of Attraction factor into this belief system, or is that something different? (last question #8230; probably) #128578; Always looking to learn something new about how others interpret humanity and essay, life and all the good and bad that goes on here! I would guess you are right about being a victim.
It doesn#8217;t seem possible that there was something so many people could do to bring on such an atrocity. Social? They may have known what was going to happen before they were born and streetcar and death, agreed to have that experience, although for what purpose I couldn#8217;t hazard a guess. I will leave that one for someone else to figure out. I am not a big fan of Law Of Attraction books, movies and essay social networking websites, websites. A Kindergarten Teacher? Yes, LOA exists, but it seems to be only one piece of the puzzle. Networking Websites? I have yet to find a blog about LOA where it makes sense 100% of the time and that#8217;s because there are holes in it. The rest of the essay Universal Laws are missing! Some say there are 11 and others say there are 21#8230;you can google #8220;universal laws#8221; or #8220;laws of the universe#8221; immediately you get hit with a ton of marketing nonsense with things like The Secret or The Next Secret avoid those.
At quick glance this one looks like it is brief, informative without trying to hard to sell you something: You will have to social dig into some pretty hefty religious and scientific texts to read about it in essay, depth. You#8217;ll notice that the Laws are called by different names in different places. The biggest one to me is #8220;The Law of Non-Resistance#8221;#8230;but you obviously have to integrate ALL of them, not just pick and choose the popular one of the day, which is what LOA is. Essay Social Networking? Once again, thank you so much for the awesome heavy lifting here, Julie! I love these kinds of conversations. There are so many ways of interpreting life and death and the meaning of the universe.
Loved this little chat about some of essay on usefulness of animals, those perennial questions. Hope all is well with you and hope your week is essay social joyful! Wow#8230;a page full of positivity#8230;*love* it. I too shall bookmark this to visit often. Essay A Kindergarten Teacher? Uplifting and inspiring#8230;I thank you.
Encourage one another. I have to networking admit that the streetcar of a salesman essay post is indeed filled with some pretty great stuff. Social Networking? Of course, that#8217;s because some pretty great people responded to my request to offer them here. So glad you found value in what they wrote, Elle. I like your motto: #8220;Encourage one another.#8221; Just think how many cultural pathologies would dry up if everyone adopted your motto! Thank you so much for the insight and wisdom behind it. You#8217;ve done it again Ken#8230;congratulations. be good to yourself.
Thanks David. You#8217;re too kind! Hope all is well on your side of the sfa application essay fence, my friend! I loved seeing the quote by James Cash Penney at the beginning of this post. I worked for J.C. Essay Social Networking? Penney in public relations for many years. That motto wasn#8217;t just a nice thought, it was the anti terrorism thesis mission of the essay entire company. Part of the mission statement of the psychology ideas company was to essay social give the customer good value for the money, but not to sfa application charge all that the market would bear. Every year, each JCPenney district would host The Golden Rule Awards to honor people in the community who did good works. Networking Websites? Mr. Penney#8217;s philosophy impacted me profoundly, even over a hundred years after he began the company.
Having a motto or mission statement is not only important in business, but it should be the guiding principle in our personal lives as well. It gives our lives a sense of purpose and meaning that adds greatly to the overall quality of life. This series of posts is essay tremendously valuable, and I#8217;m so grateful you asked me to be part of it! I loved finding this out about both you and J.C. Social? Penney, Barrie! I read something about Mr. On Being? Penney before along those lines. Forgot about it until your comment. I think that is so amazing when companies do things like that, offering The Golden Rule Award to social websites people in the community, for example. Business people and corporations often get such a bad rap in the media these days, but the billions of dollars of good they do in the form of donations and other acts of corporate decency, is truly astonishing. Just Walmart alone gave something like $2-billion in cash and other gifts.
But they certainly were not alone. Pfizer recently gave $3-billion. Oracle gave $2.3-billion and anthropology, Merck gave $1.2-billion. I love those kinds of stories, especially when there is a face behind the corporate philanthropic culture such as J.C. Penney#8217;s. Thanks so much for sharing that, Barrie. And thank you for the kind words about this series. It was a lot of fun to essay networking write.
I really like your series. Having a personal motto is more important than I realized. I love everyone#8217;s motto! will have to remember the James Cash Penney#8217;s quote. It#8217;s great! I#8217;m going to print this out. Writing? And thanks for including me! #128578; Hi Betsy!
So glad you liked what you read! The quote by J.C. Penney is great, but the background information that Barrie provided and her first hand experience with it is priceless, as they say. Social? #128578; Thank you for providing me with your motto (and three of them to pick from!). It#8217;s all of you and writing anthropology, your thoughtful participation that provided the insight and wisdom and motivation here! What an awesome list of mottos! While we#8217;re all on somewhat similar paths, we each have such unique views on life. Thanks so much for including mine! I must say, I could get lost in essay social websites, your conversation with Julie. I love asking the BIG questions and challenging all the anti responses.
Movies like What The Bleep Do We Know? is social networking a terrific one that shows how science is essay starting to prove religion. I highly recommend it as it#8217;s amazing food for social networking thought. I don#8217;t think there are any right answers. We humans like to say we know it all because it makes us feel a little bigger and in control when we#8217;re not and developmental, never will be. Remember all the #8220;absolutes#8221; that existed in the Middle Ages that are considered a joke today? The same applies to websites today#8217;s #8220;absolutes.#8221; Everyone from group A will find holes in on being a kindergarten teacher, the theories of group B and social networking websites, vice versa because they#8217;re all just theories. Our meager attempts to explain the unexplainable.
I certainly have my own theories but constantly find holes when I learn something new. It#8217;s a fun little game we humans play. #128578; Sharing your motto was my pleasure. Most of ideas, life is pretty simple, it seems to me. What#8217;s difficult is actually doing the simple things consistently over time so as to feel the effects of those simple things. So your motto is essay social websites just right! Yeah, I just love having those kinds of conversations too. Big questions about big issues within the context of some big conversations. Good stuff!
I#8217;ll look into that movie you recommended. You#8217;re so right to be concerned about the Middle Age mindset of streetcar desire and death of a essay, my brand is right and I#8217;ll prove it by killing you until you agree. But my take on it is that while we need to respect each others right to believe what we believe and to essay websites live according to those beliefs, there still is Truth: God exists or doesn#8217;t. There is inherent purpose to life or there isn#8217;t. There is life after death or there isn#8217;t. The nature of life after death is what it is or it#8217;s something else. How we perceive it or interpret it or interact with it doesn#8217;t change the nature of anti terrorism statement, what it is. So rather than conforming Truth to our particular vision of it, it#8217;s humanity#8217;s job to increasingly conform our perceptions to our evolving understanding of what IT is.
Still, you#8217;re also right that the absoluteness of our positions robs us of the humility needed to grow. Thanks for social networking this awesome comment, Paige. It#8217;s deeply appreciated! #128578; haha I especially like Benny#8217;s Get Busy Dying quote! #128578; Hits nail right on the head. THanks Ken for named of a salesman the time spent on compiling this! It was a blast to see everyone#8217;s mottos and to put the essay networking websites post together. Benny#8217;s is really good, I agree. His motto truly is reflected in anti thesis statement, his writing and networking, life. I recommend his blog, if you#8217;re not already familiar with it. A great series of mottos! I reckon everyone can look at these mottos and quotes and find something that resonates with their thinking.
Thanks for asking me to take part in this too, I appreciate it! Guest post coming your way soon amigo #128578; Great point, Stu. You#8217;re right, the varied nature of so many of the of animals mottos gives everyone something to essay get inspired by. Thanks for participating and adding yours, Stu! Look forward to the guest post! Wow, I#8217;m going to print out the whole post and the comments. Loved the post, and was informed and sfa application essay, inspired by your discussion with Julie.
Thanks to both of you for essay social networking that! Although I mentioned my mottoMake haste to be kind in anti terrorism statement, your first post on this topic, I thought I would add another motto here just for fun. #8220;When you#8217;re getting run out of town, get in front and essay social, make it look like a parade!#8221; Hahahaha! I LOVE that added motto, Galen! I laughed out loud when I read it. But what a wonderful way to look at life, right? The comments have been great (yes, especially Julie#8217;s! What a rock star she is with those massive explanations!). Thanks so much Galen! What a wonderful list of mottos, and psychology, thank you so much for including me. Honored to be in the group.
It is interesting to read the mottos and learn more about each person. Your series has been enlightening, positive and inspiring. Thanks for another great post! Thanks Cathy! That means a lot to me. It does seem to open a door onto essay websites, the hearts and souls of psychology, some great people, doesn#8217;t it. There are some amazing people writing some amazing things with some pretty darn impressive mottos that certainly keep me inspired. Thanks for being one of them! #128578; Love this post and this idea Ken.
I think you are so right that you should live your life off a motto. Essay Networking Websites? It is so interesting to hear the perspective of other#8217;s and get a glimpse into thesis, their minds. Websites? Thanks for passing along the wisdom:) Great article. Thanks so much, Sibyl, I just think it#8217;s so helpful to have some core values focused and concentrated into the laser beam a well-written motto can be. Essays? It can then inspire us to live up to its message and provide us with the websites rhetorical lighthouse to keep us floating toward true north. Psychology Paper? Love this list of mottos. Essay? What an inspiring post and I#8217;m honored to be part of it.
Mottos can lead and guide us through our lives. Developmental? Companies and social networking, schools all seem to anti thesis statement have mottos, but your post is essay networking a great reminder that we should have a personal motto, one that expresses our core beliefs. Essay On Being A Kindergarten Teacher? Thanks for social sharing. On Being A Kindergarten Teacher? Hi Cathy! That#8217;s right. I think most of us have core beliefs, even if not everyone has thought them through or articulated them very coherently. But we don#8217;t always live by them, in part, perhaps, because we don#8217;t always think to. We live day by essay day going about life without applying our core values to our daily decisions because we often live by habit. Having mottos helps to developmental paper ideas sink those core values into social networking websites, our hearts and helps bring them to the forefront of our minds so we can live more consistently by those core values. Named And Death Of A Salesman? Such a nice collection of inspiring mottos! My favorite is number 9: I can chose to be free!
Thanks for this wonderful post! I agree. I was inspired too as the mottos were sent to me and as I compiled this post. I love Lori#8217;s motto as well. So much more of our lives are the result of websites, our use of developmental psychology paper, free will, the ability to choose how we will respond to the world. That freedom is so profoundly connected to our happiness because it#8217;s the context within which happiness is essay made possible. Just imagine life without the freedom to choose our responses! Thanks for coming by, Julie! I truly appreciate it!
Thanks for sharing these inspiring mottos, I think I#8217;ll print them and hang it in terrorism, the wall! Thank you so much! That#8217;s a great idea! The more we see and repeat them, the more likely they will one day be hung inside the heart as well! this is such a motivational post Ken. the idea of the essay networking series is awesome, Thanks Farouk! It was a fun one to thesis statement research and write. Thanks for stopping by!
It’s so easy to get hooked on all our little dramas, isn’t is? That’s why these mottos have served me so well. So glad the mottos have been of benefit. It#8217;s true, our little dramas can seem so big and important at social networking websites the time. But a good motto can help center us, ground us and place our concerns in proper perspective. Essay Of Animals? Then mole hills are recognized as just mole hills. And we are so much better prepared to recover from life as it happens.
Thanks so much for networking the comment, Brandon. Have an awesome week! I so enjoyed this post and all of the comments. I am currently designing my new self-improvement blog and will be launching it in a few days. You have inspired me.
Thank you! I have had my own personal and professional mottos for many years. The motto of sfa application essay, my therapy practice was, #8220;You do not have to be a victim of your autobiography.#8221; The motto of my Life Coaching practice is, #8220;There is pain in social websites, change, and there is streetcar named desire of a salesman pain in websites, staying the same. Pick the one that moves you forward.#8221; And one of my personal mottos is,#8221;I#8217;ll try anything#8230;twice.#8221; Well done, Ken! I look forward to following your blog! Wow, that#8217;s such great news! I#8217;ll be rooting for the success of your new venture. Once it#8217;s up and running, I#8217;d love you to send me a note (email or another comment with a link to your site so I can check it out.
I love your mottos! I especially like the motto of essay a kindergarten, your therapy practice: #8220;You do not have to essay be a victim of your autobiography.#8221; We do create some pretty self-defeating autobiographical accounts of life, don#8217;t we! But so much of our autobiographies were written for us at such young ages. But then we can go back and edit those accounts in ways that self-affirm and build and reinterpret and motivate us forward. What a great line that so tersely and beautifully conveys such an important idea. Thank you so much for sharing your mottos here, Kristin! And don#8217;t forget to send me a link to your site! Thanks for essay posting these. I especially like the #8220;Keep swinging#8230;#8221; by Hank Aaron. I may not be a sports person (I#8217;m a musician), but the same can apply in any field.. Keep on keepin on.
In my case, that would be #8220;Keep singing#8230;#8221; So glad you dropped by and shared. My daughter is a musician (singing/piano) who married another musician (piano) who have a great business going (YourMusicLessons.com). I#8217;ve seen the social networking websites countless hours of #8220;swinging#8221; and writing essays anthropology, #8220;swinging#8221; and #8220;swinging#8221; some more. Social Networking? Sound advice from a man who knew what he was talking about. oh..thank you to all of you I have learned many about your mottos so I have an on usefulness of animals answer to my assignment..All of this mottos are very inspiring#8230; Hi Shaina, So sorry I missed your comment until now. I was looking at old posts and stumbled into your comment here.
Not sure how long ago it was left, but thank you so much for leaving it! I agree with you, Shaina, such inspiring mottos by everyone! [#8230;] Meanttobehappy /* Posted in essay social, Inspiration Tags: determination, haters, inspiration, persistence, stepping [#8230;] thank you for the author#8230;and some people who are kind to share their mottos..So i have been learned more..(inspiring). Hi Stacy! So glad you found the anti thesis post so inspiring. There are lots of networking websites, people out essay of animals there so willing to essay social networking share their thoughts and insights with others. I#8217;m so grateful for that. On Being A Kindergarten? And I#8217;m grateful you took the social websites time to share your thoughts here as well. Thanks for the mottos.
Reading the mottos keep us motivated. On Motto#2, I wonder how can one be more fearless. Terrorism Statement? And it is the same as courageous? What is your view on that. I want to become more fearless. My pleasure, Joey. Websites? I agree. Mottos can act as bite sized motivational snacks to pick us up when we need it. They can also distil deeper into anti thesis statement, our souls and become expressions of essay social networking websites, our hearts.
Yes, I think courage and fearlessness are related, even if not identically the same thing. I think courage is a moral trait whereas fearlessness is an emotional one. This is what I mean (or at least the way I look at essay on usefulness it): To act with courage doesn#8217;t necessarily mean that we don#8217;t feel fear. It just means we do the thing that needs to be done anyway. Whereas fearlessness strikes me as being without fear, so there is no moral component to networking websites acting when we have no fear in taking the action. Streetcar Of A? Rather, it is the result of seeing life differently than the fearful do. People who live in fear are very focused on themselves, on how others perceive them and whether or not they#8217;ll fail and in the failure be seen as a fraud or week or whatever. The point is that they are hypersensitive to social networking websites others#8217; opinions of them, their image and streetcar desire and death of a salesman essay, their safety. Not sure I entire;y answered the question you were trying to social networking pose, so please let me know if you#8217;d like more clarity (or at least clarity on my opinion of the matter!) [#8230;] Mottos That Inspire Greatness [#8230;] [#8230;] distinct difference between setting goals, having a personal motto versus setting intentions, and how each impacts the essay on being teacher end results of your [#8230;] But then nothing haunts us more than the things we don#8217;t say #128578; Well I completely agree, motto#8217;s are certainly like torches that bring the light of wisdom and guide our way with knowledge. Networking? Thanks for sharing this thoughtful post!
You#8217;re welcome, Joana. I hope the mottos inspire others to create mottos for their own lives so they can benefit from the lighted torch and source of wisdom they can be to us. [#8230;] about the item(s) you#8217;re most passionate about. That sentence (personal mission statement or motto) will be your north star in essay, your quest to brand [#8230;] These are all great, you have gathered all these motto#8217;s to give inspiration to social your readers. It serves as guidance to our behavior and the path which we pursue. Psychology Paper Ideas? Thanks for sharing. Great post ! Thank you, Sherill. Mottos can be very powerful motivators that help us stay the course when things get difficult. Thank you for sharing your thoughts here. #8220;Don#8217;t always follow any one mottos.
Life is full of possibilities and possible problems. Sometimes you have to act different to face it right.#8221; Think about it. Most any motto has times where I, personally, think it won#8217;t work out. Social? So I think mottos are fine, but for specific things, not for everything. So when it comes down to a choice, PICK your motto for essay that instance, don#8217;t grab the one you always kept in your pockets. Essay Social Websites? Make new ones everytime you need to. After all, there are so many locks, and so many keys. Not one, so many. Thanks for sharing that perspective, Omnimal! I think you make a good point, even if I wouldn#8217;t go as far as you did.
True, there are times when #8220;keep at it#8221; would be a great motto, but other times quitting and essay, redirecting would be better. If I#8217;m climbing a hill and my motto is driving me up it in the face of wanting to quit when the essay websites hill erupts and lava is flowing toward me, to follow my motto anyway is to die. But there are people known as hard workers or patient, forgiving or loving people. Those people often have personal mottoes that drive them forward when challenged with people or circumstances where it is difficult to work hard, be patient, forgive or keep loving. To have a new motto for every event and for every person you meet is to have no mottoes at all, nothing that helps identify your core strengths. While someone who lives by streetcar named essay the motto, #8220;Live and essay social websites, let live#8221; will have times when they need to stand up to abuse and stop someone from living at the expense of paper ideas, someone else, it is still a good idea to usually #8220;live and let live.#8221; Having said that, you certainly spoke the truth here, that to stick too tenaciously to a particular motto just may take you down one of life#8217;s unwanted paths. Best motto ever: I can get a good look at a t-bone by sticking my head up a bulls arse but I#8217;d rather take the butcher#8217;s word. Haha! Very funny, Tommy. But very true too! This was an amazing read.
I was doing some research on how to essay social websites generate a strong personal motto for my senior exit exam/portfolio. I got that and more. Essay On Being A Kindergarten Teacher? This article helped me to identify and isolate key factors in my life that make up my core values that I subconsciously live my life by. Essay Websites? I#8217;m beginning to see clearly what my purpose is. Thank you for this. Simply awesome, Jasmine.
So glad to have played some role in that clarification of your core values. There will be no work you can do that will have a more lasting impact on yourself and the world than discovering your life purpose and living up to your values in its pursuit. It will be a large ripple in named desire and death of a, life#8217;s pond that will affect others in ways you will never even know. Thank you so much for sharing your thoughts here. Blessings. I#8217;m lucky and networking websites, excited to find this website when I am preparing for my personal essay of anti, college application. Essay Social Websites? #8220;Sharing is Caring!#8221; So now I share my personal motto in this comment and hope someone may find it useful or meaningful to him or her.
#8220;Think big and Do small to pursue happiness#8212;-Mine and on being, that of the world. Remember:No excuses, No limits!#8221; Thank you Ken, for writing this essay and inspire people around the world. Hope I can be one of the essay social networking awesome people on this wonderful planet! Thanks for finally talking about Mottos that. Inspire Greatness: The Power of Personal Mottos, Part III | Meant to be Happy Loved it!
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How to Write Better Essays: 6 Practical Tips. The best students enjoy writing essays because they’re a chance to essay shine; they’re an essay on being a kindergarten teacher interesting intellectual exercise in which the writer must craft thoughtful arguments on complex topics within the confines of a prescribed and often restrictive word count. For many such students, each essay brings with it the essay, challenge of anti, making it that little bit better than the social networking websites, last one. The problem is that when you write essays regularly, it’s easy to get stuck in a rut of repeating the same formula each time – particularly when you already receive good feedback from the teachers who read them. So how do you take your essays to the next level and go from great to brilliant? Here are some practical tips and techniques that will help you write consistently impressive essays.
Offer to share your essays with other people and they may return the favour. Even better: start a study group. Just as the books you read subconsciously help mould your own writing style, so reading other people’s essays can help you develop and developmental psychology paper, build on social networking websites your own essay-writing style. Try to read a range of developmental paper, other essays, including those of your peers and of academics. Essay? Read essays on a wide variety of subjects, not necessarily just those that you’re studying; different disciplines might apply different kinds of essay, arguments or styles, so the essay social, wider you read, the more possible techniques there are for writing anthropology, you to pick up and essay websites, use in essays of your own. As you read other people’s essays, don’t just take them at face value. Be critical: what do you like about them? What don’t you like about them?
How persuasive do you think they are? Is the argument a balanced one, with points adequately supported with evidence? Has the writer used any techniques you’ve not seen before? Another good source of essays is the broadsheet newspapers. Sfa Application Essay? Read the essay networking websites, opinion pieces and dissect how the writer has supported their points with evidence, and essays, again, be critical; note where they’ve left things out to try to persuade you to a particular opinion. Essays should be balanced, so you can learn from the best of social websites, these writers and pick up some techniques to on being a kindergarten help you shape a balanced piece. 2. Build your vocabulary and use it properly. Make use of essay social websites, dictionaries and thesauri. A good vocabulary will allow you to express exactly what you mean, as clearly and concisely as possible. Economy with words is a characteristic of all good essays, because readers (and essay-markers) don’t like having their time wasted with long, rambling points that could have been expressed in half the terrorism thesis, number of words. One way of ensuring that you can communicate clearly and to the point is essay social networking websites, through accurate and effective use of advanced vocabulary.
A good essay writer should never rest on their laurels when it comes to vocabulary; it’s something you should be working on continually, as there are always new words to learn that could help convey a point more effectively. What’s more, deploying a good vocabulary displays intelligence and allows you to be more persuasive in essay of animals, your essay-writing. Here are some ways in which you can build your vocabulary: – Subscribe to networking a ‘word a day’ email (such as this one from sfa application essay, Merriam-Webster). Create a folder in your email account for new word emails, so that you can file each email away and have them all in one place ready to flick through and learn from in an idle moment. – Read widely, and essay websites, refer to a dictionary for words you don’t know as you go along; this way, you’ll learn the streetcar desire and death of a salesman essay, new word as well as seeing it in essay social websites, context so you know how to use it properly. Read different genres of fiction, and non-fiction covering a range of topics, and you’ll have the added bonus of widening your general knowledge as well as your vocabulary. – Use a thesaurus – if you find yourself using the same words over and over essay of animals, again, add variety to your language by looking up those words in a thesaurus and finding other words that mean the same thing. A word of warning: words you find in essay social, a thesaurus can’t always be used interchangeably; even words with similar meanings can differ subtly in a way that makes them inappropriate in certain contexts, so find examples of a word used correctly before you use a new word for the first time. – Learn prefixes, suffixes and roots – it sounds boring, but this shortcut will help you learn a great many more words. Sfa Application? Many roots come from Latin and Greek words, such as “bene” in Latin, meaning “good”, which gives rise to words such as “benefactor”, “benevolent” and “benefit”. Essay Networking? It’s often possible to developmental deduce the meaning of a new word if you know its root and read it in social networking, context.
Prefixes are added to the beginning of a word to change the writing essays anthropology, meaning, such as “semi” or “ante”, while suffixes are added to essay social networking websites the end, such as “-able” or “-ance”. – Start a vocabulary book – you probably have one if you’re learning a foreign language, so why not have one for psychology, your native language as well? Buy yourself a nice notepad and use it to essay social collect new words and their meanings. Anti Terrorism? The act of social networking websites, writing down the definition will help you remember it, and on being a kindergarten teacher, you could include an example of how the word is used to essay social increase your chances of essay, memorising it for use in essays. It may help to have different sections for words on particular themes; you could have a general section, and then further parts of the essay networking, notebook could be dedicated to writing anthropology words of essay, use in history essays, science essays and so on. The aim of writing essays, improving your vocabulary is to increase precision and reduce waffle. Put the essay, new words you’ve learned to good use right away, perhaps setting yourself the challenge of including a minimum number of psychology paper, new ones in social, each essay you write. This will help consolidate your knowledge at the same time as impressing the sfa application, reader. One important thing to remember, though: don’t use big words just for the sake of social, it. Using a long, obscure word when a simpler one would suffice risks making you sound pompous, which may have the opposite effect to the one intended.
What’s more, be wary of anti thesis, adding words for social, the sake of anti terrorism thesis statement, it; cut the waffle by reviewing each sentence and removing any words or sentences that don’t add anything to what you’re saying. Ultimately, your goal should be to make your writing as clear and easy-to-understand as possible, so that it is a pleasure to essay networking read. 3. Words to help develop an argument. Part of sounding intelligent in an essay is not repeating yourself; as you’re writing, focus on essay using language effectively to networking help build an anti terrorism statement argument and create a sense of structure. To that end, avoid using the essay social networking, same words every time; many people overuse the word “also”, for example.
Vary your language, and use words such as “moreover”, “furthermore” and “however”. Such words help develop your argument and make the reader feel they are being guided through the problems on a sort of ‘journey’ to your conclusion. Would you be able to summarise your essay between floors? We’ve probably all had it hammered into essay on being a kindergarten, us that we should write an essay plan before we start writing, but before you even do that, you need to know what the argument you’re going to make actually is. Only then can you start writing the structure for an essay that builds up to your overall conclusion. Social? To condense what you’re trying to sfa application say into a short, snappy summary for essay social networking websites, you to work from, try making an sfa application essay ‘Elevator Pitch’ style summary of what you intend to write and why readers should be interested in it. The Elevator Pitch is a technique used by salespeople when condensing the arguments for buying a product into the shortest possible summary of why a customer should consider a purchase. The salesperson is social websites, told to imagine themselves in sfa application essay, a lift; in the time it takes for that lift to reach the desired floor, they should have given a compelling argument in essay social networking websites, favour of that product that would result in the customer buying it, or at least wanting to psychology paper know more.
Your Elevator Pitch for networking websites, your essay should sell the idea of psychology paper, it to a reader, leaving them wanting to networking read the essay in question. This is essay, quite a tough exercise, as it forces you to be ruthlessly concise in your thinking and choice of words; but you can use this summary to help you write your introduction, and essay social websites, it’ll help you achieve clarity in what you’re trying to say. 5. Tell the reader what other people say. Be aware of who the foremost writers on a subject are, even if you decide not to reference them. For instance, anyone studying Beowulf should be aware of desire and death of a, JRR Tolkien’s essay, ‘The Monsters and the Critics.’ We’ve mentioned this on networking a previous article on terrorism statement essay writing, but it seems pertinent to networking websites mention it here too. Essays are a chance for you to anti terrorism statement show off how widely read you are, so make sure you quote other people’s opinions, and original sources, on what you’re writing about. For example, if you were to essay websites write a history essay on essay on being teacher early religious practices in social networking websites, Britain, you could quote original texts on that topic (such as Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People ) and also mention what a range of modern scholars have to sfa application essay say about the topic.
Contrasting views should be sought; it’s unlikely that everyone agrees on the topic, so show you’ve looked at essay all the possible angles. For each of the subjects you’re studying, start a page in a notebook for important people in that field, with a summary of when they lived and desire of a, what their views are. That way, you’ll have something to refer to when you’re writing an social essay and want to consult appropriate scholars or other writers whose opinions you might wish to include. Don’t quote too much; mix citations with your own opinions so that it doesn’t look as though you have to sfa application hide behind other people’s words. It’s fine to disagree with a scholar you quote, provided you can give evidence and reasoning for doing so. This shows that you have thought about it and made your own mind up, rather than blindly accepting what that scholar has said; this demonstrates strong critical reasoning skills, one of the hallmarks of essay websites, brilliant students. 6. Anti Terrorism Thesis? Syntax, punctuation and tone of voice. Be honest: do you find your tone of voice interesting? You may not consciously realise it when you’re reading, but sophisticated sentence structures make the world of difference to how intelligent you sound.
As we’ve already said, the essay social networking, most important consideration when you’re writing is making yourself easy for essay on usefulness, readers to understand; but you can still do this and utilise a range of interesting syntax at the same time. Employ a variety of essay social websites, sentence structures, long and essay on being, short, but don’t let your sentences become too long and rambling, or they become difficult to essay networking websites read. A Kindergarten? Effective punctuation is essay social networking websites, vital in conveying your arguments persuasively; the last thing a teacher or lecturer wants to sfa application essay read is an essay riddled with poor grammar. What’s more, the reader shouldn’t have to read a sentence more than once to essay social networking understand it. You probably already have a tone of voice you use for writing essays, but is it interesting and named and death of a, engaging? Read through some of social networking, your old essays and ask yourself honestly whether you find them absorbing.
If they’re not, it could well be because you’ve not established the right tone of voice. Essays constitute a formal, academic context, but that doesn’t mean you have to be boring. A confident tone of voice will help show the reader that you know what you’re talking about and essay teacher, reassure them that they’re in safe hands. Writing in essay social networking, the active rather than the passive voice is a well-known trick of the trade that writers use to give their writing a sense of immediacy and sfa application essay, make it more compelling; you too can deploy this technique in essay social, your essays by steering clear of the passive voice (for example, rather than writing “Much work is being done to…”, say “Scholars are putting a great deal of effort into…”). Over the course of an anthropology entire essay, you’d be surprised what a difference this makes to your tone. We hope you’ve found these tips and techniques useful and that they help you take your essay-writing to new heights. If you have any tips you’d like to social websites share with us, do let us know by leaving a comment below! 161 Responses to “How to Write Better Essays: 6 Practical Tips”
June 10, 2014 at 4:16 pm, Jedi Santos said: Thanks for anthropology, the tips!I’m looking forward for social websites, more! #128578; October 15, 2014 at 6:22 am, preeti said: October 23, 2014 at 4:26 pm, Rosanna said: I am so bad in my English essays, and speech. My teacher thinks I’m stupid and now i don’t know what to do. October 23, 2014 at 4:42 pm, ORA Admin said:
We’ve published many articles on how to essay on usefulness of animals improve your essay-writing. You might be interested in essay networking, these: There are more in our extensive archive. Don’t lose heart; if you can figure out a good new approach to named of a salesman essay take, you’ll be able to change your teacher’s mind yet. February 07, 2017 at 9:47 am, Khushi said: I’m horrible and moreover, anything that is websites, related to writing. Writing? Does anyone have suggestions of interesting books from year 8s to networking websites 10s. February 11, 2015 at 11:12 pm, Prisca.Lingtamat said: thanks for the tips…please email me more.thank you. February 15, 2015 at 7:00 am, Qaistoorie said:
It is accurate way to improve our Eassy. February 15, 2015 at 7:01 am, Qaistoorie said: March 17, 2015 at essay on being a kindergarten 12:22 am, nermeen said: thats really helpful. March 18, 2015 at essay social networking websites 5:10 am, Abdullllahi said: This is great work done and very important. March 22, 2015 at 3:18 pm, ibrahim sinsakala said: ur tips are so helping.
April 30, 2015 at 8:00 am, maria bhatti said: I really need such kind of instructions thank u…. May 07, 2015 at 12:19 am, SYLVESTER OUMA said: I need the writing tips. May 27, 2015 at 7:33 pm, Prabhjot said: Well you cleared by all doubts and essay on being, I will surely try to essay social websites put these teachings in my writing ! #128578; July 09, 2015 at 7:29 pm, Rbert said: Good work, a great deal of help. I am able to move forward.
July 10, 2015 at 4:19 am, kaushik varsani said: Thank you for the tips. April 09, 2016 at 2:33 pm, Genevieve said: July 26, 2015 at 3:21 am, Imey said: Thank you so much for the tips!
Very helpful and a kindergarten teacher, I would definitely apply these tips in my writing soon! #128578; July 30, 2015 at social 11:56 am, folashade said: Thanks so much, will work on it. September 14, 2015 at 6:17 pm, Tsetan Namgyal said: Thinks for on being a kindergarten, sharing a wonderful information.. September 16, 2015 at 7:39 pm, SwagataSwagata Khan said: I’ve received help from it. Essay? But still I have problem in vocabulary. The thing is I do memorize new words a lot.
But when I come to write something they stay out of my mind, I can’t use them. Anthropology? So enriching vocabulary power is therefore of no use. How I can get rid of it? To use what I’ve learned. October 02, 2015 at 9:44 am, jacob lawrence said: Wow, wonderful. I’m helped a lot and I’m looking forward for more. October 16, 2015 at 7:31 pm, Flora said: Wonderful but my English is bad. Essay Networking? Please send me tips on vocabulary.
October 31, 2015 at 9:56 am, godfreygodianus said: Your teachings are good I have enjoyed and I learned something. November 01, 2015 at 3:22 pm, nurwahyuni said: thanks for the tips.. November 02, 2015 at essay teacher 3:23 am, Campbell Paul said: your tips are improving my essay writings. Essay Social Networking Websites? thanks, really did more tips. November 04, 2015 at 3:01 pm, Patrick Berg said: Cheers lads. Really useful. April 06, 2017 at 8:47 am, linet said:
Thank for such tips…Really helping me November 05, 2015 at 8:14 am, Anna said: Thanks for the helpful tips. I believe this article can help many students. By the way it is terrorism thesis, a very good idea to subscribe to a ‘word a day’ email . I recommend it to everyone. November 06, 2015 at 3:45 pm, Sunday said:
Thanks for this set of essay websites, tips. I’m interested in writing but I alway fear to be insulted about the structure of my sentences. However, I do underestimate myself. Please to whom may concern, what can I do to correct these acts? November 09, 2015 at 2:01 pm, ORA Admin said: Additionally, why not browse the range of courses we offer at ORA and see if there are any you might like to enroll in? November 11, 2015 at developmental psychology paper 4:47 am, iqra khan said: Thanks for this article… but if you have any other please let me know….
I always get low marks in my essays … November 11, 2015 at 1:59 pm, ORA Admin said: Thank you for your comment. We have a variety of articles on the ORA website that may be able to help you. Follow the link to this article. 14 Ways to Improve Your Grades if You’re Underperforming and see point 7 regarding essay writing skills. There are a list of links in social websites, this section to many of our essay writing articles. Named Desire? You will be sure to essay social websites find something to help you in named and death salesman, there! November 22, 2015 at 6:11 pm, NjQ said: Omg thanks so much, really helped! #128512; November 25, 2015 at 7:28 am, Dan said: These are great writing tips.
I now see the reason why our teacher used to read a sample of best essays in class. I can affirm myself that the part of creating your own vocabulary book does work like magic! November 26, 2015 at 7:31 pm, eben said: i find it difficult to write essay,how could i become master in english. December 05, 2015 at 2:12 pm, Atul kumar said: I was very bad in english essay writing competion but after reading this i think it is essay social networking websites, useful for me. December 26, 2015 at 5:16 am, Rajesh said:
I am very poor in English vocabulary so please guide me for better English speak and write. January 07, 2016 at 1:14 pm, ary prastiya said: truly help me … thx. January 15, 2016 at 2:58 pm, Tom said: I think my writing skills will improve after reading this article! Thanks to author! January 16, 2016 at 11:48 am, E. Writings said: I want to become a good writer but is hard to essay on usefulness of animals me. Hope this article helps me!
January 23, 2016 at essay social networking 4:23 pm, Roohullah khalil said: it is very fruitful for ideas, me i read this article and i have learnt many steps that how to write a good essay. And now i am able to write a good essay. Thanks for sharing good material. I have no words for essay social, thank you. January 24, 2016 at 7:19 am, Adrish adhikari said:
I was very impressed by this teaching skills. I was very happy to say that this will help in my future. Writing Essays? A lot of networking websites, thanks from me to anti the author who had published this article. Again, Thanking you. January 24, 2016 at 7:21 am, Adrish adhikari said: I was very impressed by this teaching skills.
I was very happy to say that this will help me in my future. A lot of thanks from me to the author who had published this article. Again, Thanking you. January 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, aysha said: it could have been more efficient if they were more creative. February 21, 2016 at 10:20 pm, Bempong Charles said: Encouraging, keep it up. February 27, 2016 at 11:09 am, Cherian Johny said: My college Prof. once told us that Jack London used to stick new words near his mirror so that he could learn them while shaving, combing, etc. I found it pretty useful and essay websites, I hope it helps others too. February 29, 2016 at 3:36 am, katalinae said:
This really helped me thank you very much I think this what I needed all along now I know what to essay on being a kindergarten teacher do and social, if I do all these things I’ll be excellent . March 07, 2016 at 6:43 am, Shahid Vistro said: Very informative tips. What should we do with narration. Should we change the sentences of essay, direct narration into indirect narration while writing essay? March 17, 2016 at social websites 12:23 pm, andualem said: March 27, 2016 at 1:12 pm, Sulaiman said: Good suggestion. thanks.
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essays newspeak 1984 Written February 27, 2000; Modified May 9, 2000. If you quote or paraphrase from my essay, please give me due credit. Language as the #147;Ultimate Weapon#148; in Nineteen Eighty-Four. George Orwell, like many other literary scholars, is interested in essay social networking, the modern use of the on usefulness of animals, English language and, in particular, the abuse and misuse of English. He realises that language has the power in politics to mask the truth and mislead the public, and he wishes to increase public awareness of this power. He accomplishes this by placing a great focus on Newspeak and the media in his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four . Demonstrating the repeated abuse of language by the government and by the media in his novel, Orwell shows how language can be used politically to deceive and manipulate people, leading to a society in essay social websites, which the people unquestioningly obey their government and mindlessly accept all propaganda as reality. Language becomes a mind-control tool, with the ultimate goal being the destruction of will and imagination. As John Wain says in his essay, #147;[Orwell#146;s] vision of 1984 does not include extinction weapons . . . He is not interested in extinction weapons because, fundamentally, they do not frighten him as much as spiritual ones#148; (343). Paul Chilton suggests that the language theme in Orwell#146;s novel has its roots in the story of the Tower of Babel (2).
When God destroys the essay, Towel of Babel, the civilizations which have contributed to the construction of the Tower suffer ever-after from the Curse of Confusion. Essay Social Websites! The Curse both makes languages #147;mutually unintelligible#148;, and alters their nature so that #147;they no longer lucidly [express] the nature of essay on being a kindergarten, things, but rather [obscure] and [distort] them#148; (Chilton, 2). Orwell#146;s Newspeak , the ultra-political new language introduced in Nineteen Eighty-Four , does precisely that: it facilitates deception and manipulation, and its purpose is to restrict understanding of the real world. Chilton also suggests that a corollary to this is that #147;each post-Babel language [becomes] a closed system containing its own untranslatable view of the world#148; (2). Certainly, the essay websites, ultimate aim of sfa application, Newspeak is to enclose people in an orthodox pseudo-reality and isolate them from the real world. Whereas people generally strive to expand their lexicon, the essay networking websites, government in Nineteen Eighty-Four actually aims to cut back the Newspeak vocabulary.
One of the Newspeak engineers says, #147;[we#146;re] cutting the language down to the bone . . . Newspeak is the only language in the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year#148; (55). By manipulating the language, the government wishes to alter the public#146;s way of thinking. This can be done, psychologists theorise, because the words that are available for the purpose of communicating thought tend to influence the way people think. The linguist Benjamin Lee Whorf was a firm believer in this link between thought and language, and he theorised that #147;different languages impose different conceptions of reality#148; (Myers 352). So when words that describe a particular thought are completely absent from a language, that thought becomes more difficult to essay, think of and communicate. For the Inner Party, the goal is to impose an orthodox reality and make heretical thought (#145;thoughtcrime#146;) impossible. #147;In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible,#148; explains the Newspeak engineer, #147;because there will be no words in which to express it#148; (55). By design, Newspeak narrows the range of thought and shortens people#146;s memories. It is therefore ideal for a totalitarian system, in which the government has to rely on a passive public which lacks independent thought and which has a great tolerance for mistakes, both past and present. #147;To expand language is to essay social networking websites, expand the ability to think,#148; says Myers (353).
Conversely, to restrict language, as with Newspeak, is to restrict the range of thought. Chilton identifies the specific features of essay, Newspeak that help restrict thought: #147;reduced complexity, few abstractions, and no selfreference#148; (37). Such narrowed public thought is essay what the writing essays anthropology, Inner Party prefers, because a public that lacks the ability to think vividly poses less of a threat than one that can readily criticise the government and defend itself from harm. However, an interesting consequence of this narrowed thought is that the public#146;s memory is also effectively shortened. #147;The Inner Party [deprives] people of their own words and in essay, so doing, deprives them of essay, memory#148; (Lewis and Moss 51). After O#146;Brien forces Winston to embrace Ingsoc, for social instance, Winston#146;s imagination decays and he #147;[can] no longer fix his mind on any one subject for more than a few moments at a time#148; (301). Writing Anthropology! Winston, like the social networking websites, majority of the public, suffers when he is robbed of his words and thoughts. Consequently, #147;memory, with its attendant richness and variety, atrophies#148; since #147;memories die when they go unrehearsed in words#148; (Lewis and Moss 51). Given that Newspeak is such a politically-motivated language, why does the thesis statement, public in Nineteen Eighty-Four accept it? After all, the Party is undertaking a project of monumental proportions: they are trying to completely replace a common language (English, or #147;Oldspeak#148;), and one would expect great opposition to such a plan.
The Party is able to essay networking websites, achieve this by essay on being a kindergarten, again employing psychological tactics. Instead of social networking websites, forcing the public to use Newspeak by law, the Party ensures that the public is essay on being teacher immersed in the new language. Nobody is forced to social networking websites, read or write in Newspeak, but #147;its ubiquitous broadcast creates a pressure to employ it simply in order to communicate economically#148; (Chilton 37). Orwell#146;s novel paints a nightmarish picture of a totalitarian system gone to the absolute extreme, but it is ideas a novel that is fundamentally about psychological control of the public. Of course, the Party does employ torture as part of its control regimen, but the psychological control tactics are the dominant ones in the novel. While physical punishment is difficult to administer, psychological tactics (manipulation of people through language) can be continuously applied to the general public without raising great public opposition or fear #151; and that is where its strength lies. It is for essay social websites this reason that #147;Newspeak rather than torture is planned as the way to anthropology, erase thoughtcrime#148; (Stansky 88).
However, while Newspeak is a very significant method of mind control through language, it is just a part of a greater Inner Party scheme. It is, in fact, the Party-controlled media in the novel that expertly uses Newspeak as well as other linguistic trickery to essay websites, spread its propaganda and brainwash the public. The media is powerful as a tool for manipulation both because the public is widely exposed to it, and also because the public trusts it. The telescreens continuously shout bursts of news and propaganda throughout the day, and the people listen intently and cheer at #145;good news#146; (victories) and are driven to rage by #145;bad news#146;. The characters in Orwell#146;s novel are slaves of the media; they revere it as an oracle. When the telescreens initiate the Two Minutes Hate, for instance, the people are roused to a frenzy: #147;People were leaping up and down in their places and shouting at the tops of their voices . . . [a girl] had begun crying out #145;Swine! Swine! Swine!#146;#148; (16). Certainly, in Nineteen Eighty-Four , #147;[media information] does control some of the ways in which [people] think about and assess the world#148; (Lewis and Moss 47). The Party is interested in masking the truth, and so the media manipulates language to present a distorted reality.
As Orwell says in his essay Politics and the English Language , #147;Political language . . . is statement designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind#148; (150). In the novel, these lies are quite obvious. For example, the media (controlled by the Party, of course) continually refers to the Ministries of Truth, Peace, Love, and Plenty. In reality, however, the essay social, Ministry of Truth is concerned with the falsification of records, and the Ministry of Peace deals with warfare. The Ministry of Love is #147;the really frightening one#148; (6) as it is essentially a place for the questioning and on being a kindergarten teacher torturing of suspected criminals. The Ministry of essay social, Plenty makes up economic figures to convince the public that the economy is in writing essays anthropology, good shape, even though there are great shortages of essay, all commodities due to the war.
Although the on being a kindergarten, irony in social networking, the titles is essays blatantly obvious, Orwell is making a point about essay social, how the developmental paper, media can use language to mask the truth. The totalitarian state of Oceania is in a constant state of war, and part of the social websites, Party#146;s ongoing struggle is to keep the public satisfied with this warfare. If the on usefulness of animals, public were dissatisfied, they would resent the shortage of food and other commodities and possibly rebel against the Party. The Party therefore has to distract the public#146;s attention away from the negative side of warfare, and they use the media to essay networking websites, do this. By using only language that carries neutral or positive connotations to talk about anything related to war, the media successfully soothes an otherwise resentful public. For instance, the media never reports on the #147;twenty or thirty [rocket bombs] a week falling on London#148; (28), but rather inundates peoples#146; lives with good news about victories. Winston#146;s telescreen announces, #147;Our forces in South India have won a glorious victory. I am authorised to say that the action we are now reporting may well bring the war within measurable distance of its end#148; (28). Paper Ideas! Similar reports follow throughout the entire novel, constantly celebrating the capture of enemies and the conquering of essay social networking websites, new territories, but never admitting any kind of defeat. In many ways, the media is relying on the principle that a piece of information that is repeated often enough becomes accepted as truth. Winston, a particularly strong-minded individual, is continually amazed to a kindergarten, see his friends and colleagues swallow the essay social, lies that the media dishes out.
For this form of brainwashing (#145;Duckspeak#146;) to be effective, #147;you just say things frequently and people eventually understand and say it themselves#148; (Chilton 27). This brainwashing is done through the words of the telescreens, newspapers and magazines. The media is skilled at engineering #145;truth#146; through language, and one of the most disturbing consequence of this developed in the novel is that the Party has ultimate control over history. After all, language is the link to history. Winston#146;s job in the Ministry of Truth is to modify news items and other documents that in one way or another make the Party look bad. Developmental Paper Ideas! After he replaces an original document with the modified one, all the originals are destroyed.
Orwell describes the essay social networking websites, process: This processes of continuous alteration was applied not only to newspapers, but to books, periodicals, pamphlets, posters, leaflets . . . Day by day and almost minute by minute the past was brought up to date. In this way every prediction made by the Party could be shown by documentary evidence to have been correct; nor was any item of news, or any expression of opinion, which conflicted with the needs of the moment, ever allowed to remain on record. (42) Lewis and Moss believe that #147;the tactic is to obliterate history so that centres of opposition cannot grow#148; (51). Orwell shows us evidence that this tactic is working: even the main character, who knows exactly what is on usefulness going on with the essay social, falsification of documents, has trouble recalling who Oceania is really at war with at the present. Terrorism Thesis Statement! It is either Eurasia or Eastasia, but Winston is not sure because the Party keeps changing history. This nagging doubt eats away at Winston until he no longer knows what reality is; by the end of the novel, he is willing to accept the Party#146;s reality. Orwell#146;s novel asks the essay social networking websites, philosophical question: if all available evidence shows something to be true, is it not true? Winston struggles with this idea of #147;Reality control#148; (37) as he works at the Ministry of Truth. #147;The frightening thing,#148; Winston thinks to writing essays, himself, #147;[is] that it might all be true. If the Party [can] thrust its hand into the past and say of this or that event, it never happened #150; that, surely, [is] more terrifying than mere torture and death#148; (36).
One of Winston#146;s assignments is to social websites, invent a biography of a fictional soldier named Ogilvy, so that he can be honoured by Big Brother in a public address. After writing the developmental psychology, description of Ogilvy#146;s life, Winston marvels at how #147;once the act of essay social networking websites, forgery [is] forgotten, [Ogilvy will] exist just as authentically, and upon the same evidence, as Charlemagne or Julius Caesar#148; (50). As well as altering the past by manipulating written language, the Party has an essay, ingenious plan to break the link with the real past by introducing a language barrier. When #147;all real knowledge of social networking websites, Oldspeak [disappears] . Writing Anthropology! . . the whole literature of the past will have been destroyed#148; (56). After a few generations, when people are no longer capable of websites, decoding information from the past, there will no longer even be a need to censor the history that has the developmental psychology paper, potential for breeding unorthodox ideas #151; it will be completely out of the public#146;s reach. Thus, the manipulation of language and essay networking text not only effects the present, but also the past and future in thesis statement, more than one way. Networking Websites! A Party slogan in the novel reads, #147;Who controls the developmental psychology paper, past, controls the future: who controls the present controls the past#148; (37). Orwell#146;s novel is networking websites extreme, but it is not necessarily a prediction of the future. Rahv believes that the book#146;s #147;importance is mainly in its powerful engagement with the present#148; (183). Indeed, politicians have used written language to manipulate history both in streetcar desire and death of a essay, the past and present. There was much distortion of history during the networking, Stalinist era, #147;when such standard works of misinformation as the a kindergarten, Soviet Encyclopaedia changed constantly with the party line, so that in successive editions Trotsky was first the hero of the Civil War, then an agent of the networking websites, Mensheviks, and the western powers#148; (Woodcock 177).
Patrick Wright suggests that the issue is still very much alive in the late twentieth century, citing as an example #147;[the British Secretary for anti terrorism thesis Education, who] refused a number of proposed syllabus systems for the teaching of history in schools, finding them insufficiently assiduous in their promotion of the mythical, rather than simply historical, values of national unity and pride#148; (111). Equally alive today is the fear that politicians and the media abuse language to hide truth. Orwell gives examples of how politicians can twist words to deceive people in his essay Politics and the English Language : #147;Defenceless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into social networking websites, the countryside . . Anti Terrorism! . this is essay social networking called pacification . Of Animals! Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: this is called transfer of essay social networking, population or rectification of frontiers #148; (148). Woodcock refers to the modern jargon-filled English used by #147;newspaper editors, bureaucrats, radio announcers, and parliamentary speakers#148; who have, just as Orwell feared, a heavy #147;reliance on ready-made phrases#148; (92). Even more disturbing, in the twenty-first century we have now a rapidly growing, major industry based solely upon the manipulation of language and thought: advertising. Orwell#146;s novel carries a well-founded warning about the powers of language. It shows how language can shape people#146;s sense of reality, how it can be used to conceal truths, and even how it can be used to anthropology, manipulate history. #147;Language is one of the key instruments of social websites, political dominations, the on usefulness, necessary and insidious means of the #145;totalitarian#146; control of reality#148; (Rai, 122). Essay Networking! While language in the traditional sense can expand horizons and improve our understanding of the world, Orwell#146;s novel demonstrates that language, when used in a maliciously political way, can just as easily become #147;a plot against human consciousness#148; (Rahv, 182). Chilton, Paul.
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- - - . Politics and social networking websites the English Language in desire and death of a salesman essay, Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism . Ed. Social! Irving Howe. New York: Harcourt, Brace World, Inc., 1963. 143-50. Rahv, Philip. Sfa Application Essay! The Unfuture of essay websites, Utopia in Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism . Anthropology! 181-5. Rai, Alok. Orwell and the politics of despair: A critical study of the writings of George Orwell . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Stansky, Peter, ed. Essay Social Networking! On Nineteen Eighty-Four . New York: W. H. Psychology Paper Ideas! Freeman and Company, 1983. Wain, John. Essays on Literature and Ideas - George Orwell (1) in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism Vol. 6 . 343-4. Woodcock, George. Orwell#146;s Message: 1984 and the Present . Madeira Park: Harbour Publishing Co. Ltd, 1984.
Wright, Patrick. The Conscription of History in Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1984 . 105-14.