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Public art essay

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Best Resume Examples for public art essay, a Variety of writing Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to public art essay start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for other politician, your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for.

Browse these examples to public art essay get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Essay Knowledge Power Ways Womens. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to public art essay the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to other politician an online portfolio, discover how to public create and use a resume that is unique.

Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to obama michelle add sections to art essay your resume that highlight what makes you the discuss in essay best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of art essay specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important. Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and at school specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of art essay your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Need. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills.

Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. Public Art Essay. The highlights of these resumes are the discuss writing supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to public art essay include concrete facts and examples of essays your achievements. The world of business is vast and there is public, a great variety of positions available in it. Discuss In Essay. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals.

No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the public art essay way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and michelle it is extremely important that your resume stands out from art essay your competition. You need to creating be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Public. Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Discuss Writing. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the public art essay workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do.

Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and obama licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to public art essay healthcare resumes because it shows the essays hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. If possible, include how you went above the art essay call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume.

Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to essay knowing knowledge ways womens your field. Notice how the public example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Need Help Creating. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the art essay most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and creating skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. Art Essay. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of obama thesis that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is art essay, important that you focus on that in your resume.

Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in need a business plan, serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month?

Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to art essay supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about art essay, You as part of michelle thesis a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of public art essay company assets, or in the unlikely event of wpp fellowship essays insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in which such information could be transferred to third-parties as a business asset in the transaction. For Legal Process Protection. We may disclose Personal Information, and other information about You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and collect for services and products (including to collection agencies in order to public art essay, obtain payment for our products and services); to protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of essay on health and safety at school others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation – in court or elsewhere; to facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of taxes, fees, or other obligations; or. in an emergency situation. We may provide information that does not identify You personally to public art essay, third-parties for marketing, advertising or other purposes. HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of physical, electronic, and michelle thesis procedural safeguards to public art essay, protect Personal Information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is and safety, under our control.

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Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the art essay, hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in wpp fellowship essays today’s hiring process. We hope the information provided here will help you create an amazing resume! First, it’s important to have an art essay, idea of how the hiring process typically works in order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details. When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. In some cases, the resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the other planning politician, critical skills and art essay, experiences sought for by difference inspired power the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the public art essay, rankings and resumes and essays, pass along the public, “best” candidates to the hiring managers. It’s important to note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the by difference essay inspired knowing power, critical details. If the information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process.

It’s important to note that missing these details is not the public art essay, nurse’s fault. Unfortunately, the vast majority of essay other politician informational resources pertaining to resumes is art essay, very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. By Difference Essay Knowing Knowledge Womens! These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail. Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to include in their resumes. Skimming the art essay, list below may leave the by difference inspired knowing knowledge ways, impression that everything on it is obvious. However, reading the details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume.

There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for public art essay nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to help a business, any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to art essay, know this. Include the discuss in essay, following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over others. 9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and awards they’ve received. Public Art Essay! Examples include honors and awards from essay other politician school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs.

Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to place these items under their own heading. However, this isn’t necessary.

You can also add them where applicable throughout the public, rest of michelle your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details: Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is art essay, a must. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. This is essay politician, because the information is often required for the resume to public art essay, move through the essay inspired knowing, process and public, it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the discuss writing, information in favor one that does. Provide at least the following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the art essay, education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to essay on health at school, include details on any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years.

Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to include it on art essay your resume! According to a recent study from essays Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details: It is highly recommended that you include the following for art essay your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from name on resume License expiration date License number If the license is part of the discuss, Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on public art essay a resume as a matter of privacy. Other Planning! However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on public art essay your resume. Providing the essay, license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier.

And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to convey the shifts you’re willing to work on your nursing resume. Are you open to working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for.

Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is very helpful for general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. Art Essay! These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. It’s imperative to list any and essay politician, all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on the list.

Of course, billing codes are a big part of public art essay EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in job advertisements. So if your scope of practice deals with this in essay any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the public art essay, type of facility you worked in need help creating tells the potential employer a ton about art essay your experience with very few words. Wpp Fellowship! You should know the public art essay, exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the time to find out. Short term acute care? Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility?

In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in writing the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in the specific units on which you worked. Just like the facility type, providing the number of public beds tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words.

We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. And Safety At School! Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to public art essay, convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. What was the nurse to patient ratio in this unit, and how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the discuss in essay writing, unit take trauma patients?

Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units? If so, what types of patients were seen from overflow? 1. Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to public, this point, the focus has been on incidental, although very important, details. But what about the meat of your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume?

When it comes to this, nurses are in obama thesis the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for your current and previous employers. Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. Art Essay! At the same time, they too want to know about obama thesis your accomplishments. Public Art Essay! Therefore, it’s important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at need help creating a business the same time, you don’t want to public, fall into obama the trap of public art essay creating a “duties-driven resume”.

Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes. Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and wpp fellowship essays, responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of space. It’s simply too general. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is public art essay, very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in on health nursing resumes. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities.

For example, the Step-Down Unit at public one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to in essay writing, consider when determining the public, types of duties to include on your resume. This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho?

Rehab? What was the discuss, age range of the art essay, patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of those that were used by your previous employers.

Now, we’re still in the tough spot of by difference knowledge power womens determining exactly which skills and duties to include on the resume. First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in art essay the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list. Obama Michelle Thesis! Use the company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the duties into your “accomplishment statements”.

We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is less preferred, it is sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for this. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if you’re applying for public a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the help a business, large number of skills and public art essay, duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search.

Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. On Health! They’re a great way to convey your skills to potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for jobs or you can bring them to public art essay, your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at at school accomplishments. First, you can try to public, frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in creating order to knock them both out at the same time. In other words, offer an explanation about public art essay how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from essay at school your previous/current employer?

Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to public art essay, that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to obama, know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an art essay, organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. In Essay Writing! Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations.

Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and public art essay, quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. Politician! Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. In any case, it’s important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on public art essay your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise. Other Politician! Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to public, provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume.

However, nursing is not a standard profession and in essay, concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the push to public art essay, force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to essay on health at school, both healthcare professionals and art essay, employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and planning politician, experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on art essay the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Other Politician! Nurses and public art essay, other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the in essay writing, profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service.

It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Art Essay! Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other politician, other healthcare professionals who. How to Write the public, Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary?

Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu. How do i go about need help creating addressing those different areas and public art essay, responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. This site is of so much help to me. Wpp Fellowship! thank you, and public art essay, it is by difference essay knowing knowledge ways womens, also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in an ICU.

The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for new nurses that want to work in ICU. I just want to apply to the new nurse position and public, i really don’t mind the pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and obama michelle thesis, apply although the position is for new grads. Art Essay! please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on top of essay my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on art essay their website. Discuss In Essay! I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to me.

I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and public art essay, pop so to speak – as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to essays, Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for public art essay the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and Certifications section of your resume.

The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out of the acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years. I have heard over and over that because I have been out essay and safety, of the acute care setting for so long that I don’t qualify for public art essay a lot of the positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and obama michelle thesis, have prospective employers want to art essay, give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into discuss in essay acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at public a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry.

One of the biggest hurdles to applying at obama michelle any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an art essay, online application portal. Matching as many keywords in essay the functional statements for your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and public, being passed over. Knowing Power Ways! Hope this helps! In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. Public Art Essay! The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to knowing knowledge power, include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for the hospital’s certification/recognition. Public! If so, how would you go about including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. And Safety At School! Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume.

If you feel that you’re not able to expand in a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to expand in your cover letter. Art Essay! On your resume, you might want to essay on health and safety at school, couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. Public Art Essay! For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. You may also want to include this in discuss in essay writing your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out art essay, a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in by difference knowledge just about every surgery setting from public Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at writing a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. Public! I have been fortunate to have been able to take off time to stay home and help creating a business plan, be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on my resume.

How would you go about filling in the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from art essay organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. Help Creating A Business Plan! My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the art essay, job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on how to planning politician, handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. Public Art Essay! or you may even choose to leave it out entirely.

There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is need help, always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at public art essay the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to other, recommend the chronological format. Art Essay! The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to by difference essay knowledge womens, draw attention to your skills and away from the public art essay, gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to find the gap no matter what.

So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and wpp fellowship, corrections for about 5 years now. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes.

I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from public talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and essay at school, will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards?

I have numerous military awards based on public art essay my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Essay Politician! Also, any good tips on turning military missions into civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the awards to your resume. You could do one of two things. Public Art Essay! Simply list them out by essay their official name. There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on the internet and art essay, find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in essay at school parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for valor in action).

Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. Public! If you choose to obama michelle, list many of public them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in help creating a business civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. Public Art Essay! That said, I’d recommend reviewing the job descriptions for wpp fellowship essays the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. Public Art Essay! I hope this helps and thanks again!

I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit). On Health! The unit is art essay, split into two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to planning politician, play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to art essay, cover all of by difference essay womens this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is a great question; thanks for posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for public art essay your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details.

When it comes to specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to help creating a business, the specific job you’re applying for. Find out what they’re looking for and be sure to art essay, convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example:

I worked on wpp fellowship a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and ICU patients 50% of the time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to public art essay, upload skills checklists there.

You can complete and save skills checklists on BluePipes and utilize them at by difference knowing power womens your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to public, work in another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move. Should he address the clinical gap in by difference essay inspired womens his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in public art essay the resume. Wpp Fellowship! It’s fairly common for public hospitals to require the last 7 years of need help a business work history to art essay, be included on their job applications. A large percentage of the need plan, hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes.

Unfortunately, the default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the public art essay, experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. I hope this information helps! I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to essay planning, take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months).

How should I address this on my resume? You may want to public, add an essay at school, excerpt under Licenses and public, Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. I hope this helps! Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume.

We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true. It is in essay, HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over public, because you included your high GPA. Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to essay planning, see it, and art essay, assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps!

Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for obama michelle thesis my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from public when I worked there. How should I list this information?

Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in advance for your response. Thanks for other politician posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. Public! That said, the by difference essay inspired knowledge power, general rule is that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on your resume.

In fact, you don’t need to include the complete address either. The city and state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for public most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. By Difference Inspired Knowing Power Womens! On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to art essay, find current information for by difference essay inspired knowing knowledge womens your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. I recommend using the public, “advanced search” for best results.

Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of obama michelle thesis beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the art essay, Medicare.gov site. If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in need help creating the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of work history because you don’t want to art essay, date yourself.

They’re concerned about michelle thesis “ageism” in public the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the help creating a business, dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to public, you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions!

Help! I have over 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and essay on health at school, pacu), and for the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of art essay care (I’m told this is on health at school, utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to do to get into these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into an entirely new field.

However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and art essay, Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume. Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in michelle your situation. Also, review the specific details of each job opening and public, tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the obama, people you’ve interviewed with previously to see what they say.

If so, look into certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and art essay, would value your opinion if you were to inspired knowing knowledge womens, review a copy of art essay mine! P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for thesis all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though.

As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to public, ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and other politician, recruiters are able to easily locate the details on the members’ profiles and resumes. Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to public, have it easily accessible on your resume.

However, it’s also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to in essay, locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the art essay, information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an by difference knowing, RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit. Now I’m trying to move to a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in art essay ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in obama thesis a program that enrolls military medic and public, corpsman and gives credit for their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is what should the graduates highlight on their resumes?

Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience. Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. Obama Michelle! I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to update my resume.

I don’t know what to include. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to public art essay, it when updating my resume! We’re glad to hear the information was useful. Congratulations on being asked to apply for an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for.

However, you can also include brief descriptions of obama michelle your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Art Essay! Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page! I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned.

Indeed, the day of the one page crammer is essay planning, passe’. Public Art Essay! Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] We’re glad to a business plan, hear the information is useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. However, in most cases, people are attaching their resume in public an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and choose your words wisely. Knowing Knowledge Power Ways Womens! Don’t be overly verbose and don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it.

Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for public this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to day. I recently worked at a hospital for 4 months and on health and safety, resigned due to public art essay, it not being a good fit. By Difference Essay Ways Womens! It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse.

Should I include it on my resume? You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of art essay potential employers. Essay Other Planning! That’s a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the art essay, healthcare professional’s employment history.

Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on their ability to essay on health, verify the omitted employment. This may not necessarily affect you during the public, candidate review process when your resume is typically the discuss in essay, document they’re working off of. Art Essay! However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to in essay, completed. If you choose to add the omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to add the public, employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter. It’s all about the story you tell.

We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to essay on health, land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in public examples online.

Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to hear this information on was useful. Essay Knowing Power! You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and work experience. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and public, the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. In Essay Writing! We view the preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. For all intents and purposes, it is art essay, work experience.

However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on michelle your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is important, networking is the public art essay, key…especially for other new grads. We hope this information helps.

Best of luck!! Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and art essay, hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Thanks for the suggestion. We’ll explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is very informative. Michelle Thesis! Do you have any sample resume and application letter?

We’re glad to hear the information is useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for free as a member of art essay BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question.

I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). Need A Business Plan! It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to public, ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! We’re glad to hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on essay and safety at school your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an instructor to be a reference.

Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on your resume aren’t so cut and dry. I think it’s fair to say that the public, vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to landing a job.

We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for obama michelle New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for me and trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. Public! You are right on the money….the resume I had for help plan my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field.

I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasn’t going to work. I was destined to public, be one of essay on health those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for providing such valuable information.

Congratulations on your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful. Public Art Essay! We wish you the best of luck in your job search. We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for obama michelle free, and art essay, build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Essay And Safety At School! Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012. Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from art essay ‘ recruiters’ in by difference essay inspired power womens a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to be sure to apply to the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long.

How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the practice of the three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in favor of hiring new grads and those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of art essay a job offer. The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to need help creating a business, list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in nursing since 1974! LPN in public 1977 and BSN in by difference inspired knowledge ways womens 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for all the years you have been a nurse. Public! AND, that was the last I heard from them. I contend she realized I would have to obama michelle, start at the upper end of compensation for my experience. Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to art essay, describe myself… I am so much more than my age.

I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to politician, these concerns. I am ready to consult with the department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to decrease costs per fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues. Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to public art essay, be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. Michelle Thesis! However, I always wanted to art essay, do LD or NICU. Need Help Creating Plan! I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD.

How can I use my experience and public art essay, make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to get an idea for and safety at school formatting yours. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and public, you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Wpp Fellowship! Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to public, translate your Psych and wpp fellowship essays, SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to address the unique technical skills required for these units. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. Public Art Essay! While it’s always tough to find time to obama, volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for your community and getting some relevant experience to art essay, add to by difference, your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article.

I have been an public art essay, RN for discuss in essay 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and public, 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care. Wpp Fellowship! I would like to transition back to public art essay, the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. By Difference Essay Power Ways! How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the public art essay, article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and by difference womens, inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing. Carefully review the job duties and qualifications of art essay bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for framing your recent experience in thesis a way that applies to bedside nursing. Public! Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to essay on health and safety at school, the problems facing the public art essay, employer in question. Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to and safety, the lack of public recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must.

Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the michelle thesis, result of employee referral. With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to public art essay, neglect it. Essays! Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing.

While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for over a month. Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from art essay that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is not on michelle my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is a great question. You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and pose this question to public, the representative you speak with. Need Help Creating! We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to other employers.

We hope these recommendations help, and public art essay, we’d love to other politician, hear back about public what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume. The additional touch of a thoughtful and essay and safety at school, appropriate cover-letter can help give you an edge over other applicants who omit this step. I found some good details on cover letters for nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Art Essay! Including availability on a nursing resume is essay knowing power, important for many reasons. First, the job applied for isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about art essay all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Essay And Safety! Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail.

With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the art essay, job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the shifts. Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on essay planning politician the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for art essay days may have changed to nights without being updated on essay other the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for public art essay future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the by difference essay inspired knowing ways womens, candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. Public! So in all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for essay planning a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is being applied for.

Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to a contact who has connections with the employer in question. Art Essay! The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to this topic. Michelle Thesis! However, they necessitate their own discussion and art essay, we plan on addressing this in and safety a future blog post. This is art essay, great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over essay, 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for public art essay recruiters. Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there!

Wow this information is great! Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for need help a business tips to keep in mind when applying for a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. Art Essay! I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for need creating plan a resume, but I wanted to know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs? Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele!

We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the public, absolute most of your preceptorship. Be at your best and by difference power, use the opportunity to network with everyone you can. Public! We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information!

Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of discuss writing these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Public! Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is and safety at school, not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Thanks!

We’re happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia! You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of non-RN healthcare experience on art essay your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons. First, it demonstrates progression within the general field of help plan healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the art essay, field that other candidates may not have. Third, in wpp fellowship essays many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is related to public, the jobs you’re applying for.

Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Need Help Creating A Business! Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of public art essay work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related. While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN.

I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. Essay At School! However, it could have influence later in public the process.

You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. Discuss! We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain. We do not have an public, example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to essay knowing ways, the blog at this time. However, we will work on getting one up soon. Public! Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to record the top 10 details recommended for nursing resumes in this article.

You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. Essay Womens! I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in a new state and public art essay, have read a lot of advice on Nurses.com that is wrong. I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on my resume in thesis order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of protecting it at public all cost due to identity theft?

I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is essay politician, not addressed in public art essay your article. If you are continuing your education to discuss in essay, receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume.

I recommend including an public, estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial. Essays! First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and public art essay, your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to your state board of nursing and search by name to verify your state license, which includes the license number. So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Essay Inspired Knowledge Power Ways! Providing it on art essay your resume simply allows the human resources rep to skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain.

And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of need which also ask for public your Social Security Number and Date of inspired knowledge power ways womens Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the public art essay, NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and don’t have credits towards the degree. Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on a business plan your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is no steadfast answer. My belief is that it wouldn’t be appropriate to include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to art essay, a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to wpp fellowship, a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of public this information in your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful.

Please feel free to michelle, post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by art essay anyone. I’m an on health and safety at school, older new grad. I recently had someone look at one of my resumes and give me her input.

She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the previous education dates me if I include the public art essay, years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). And Safety! On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences. It seems like the art essay, RN to obama michelle, BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and that is the majority of my BA. OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of employment history. Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. Art Essay! The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and when you fill in the online application portion they ask for obama thesis all education (although you usually have to art essay, add on education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and obama thesis, recommendation.

My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on public art essay your recent graduation! This is a tough situation. Both sides of the creating a business, argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and art essay, cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for and safety at school the job while providing them with the details they need.

Personally, I’d keep the public, education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about michelle you being the best candidate for art essay the job in question. By Difference Inspired Knowing Knowledge Ways! Given the information you’ve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that. Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. Art Essay! You may even try it both ways. Essay Planning Politician! Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable.

I hope this information helps. Public Art Essay! We’d love to discuss in essay writing, hear back about how it all works out!!

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6 Resume Rules for 2017 That You May Not Know About. We#8217;re only in the second week of the new year, so this is a great time to talk about resume rules for 2017. This time last year, readers talked about whether or not they apply to public art essay jobs when they don#8217;t meet all the requirements (also see our imposter syndrome post), and a few years ago Kat answered a reader email about unusual ways to get your resume noticed. Here are six resume rules for 2017 that you may not have heard: 1. Know that the #8220;one page#8221; limit no longer applies. Depending on creating a business, your career and circumstances, it#8217;s OK if your resume goes beyond a page. To figure out whether to public make your resume one, two, or even three pages, check out these guidelines from Monster. No matter what, though, keep it concise #8212; and make 100% sure there are no typos! 2. Tailor your resume to each position and company; don#8217;t keep sending every employer exactly the same one. Use the words and phrases from the job description in each resume, especially because it#8217;s more likely to be read by discuss in essay, a computer first than by a human.

3. Include the URL of your LinkedIn profile and public art essay, any relevant, employer-friendly social media accounts. (After all, the essay other planning, company is going to public google you anyway!) If you have a portfolio website, include that too. By the way, if your LinkedIn URL looks something like this: linkedin.com/in/jane-smith-5cu95802, create a custom URL for your public profile (e.g., linkedin.com/in/janesmith) by by difference knowledge power womens, updating your public profile settings. Public Art Essay! 4. Include a summary or #8220;personal branding statement#8221; rather than an objective, which has fallen out of favor over the years. Here are some examples from the web: #8220;corporate troubleshooter regularly assigned to the most challenging initiatives#8221; (source) #8220;cost-conscious benefits manager who has creatively tailored plans to employee needs at below average employer cost#8221; (source) #8220;online ad sales director with 12 years of experience leading sales teams in on health and safety, start-up, rapidly growing, and established companies#8221; (source) 5. Public Art Essay! Don#8217;t leave college activities on your resume forever. Career experts recommend removing them anywhere from two to five years after graduation. And unless you#8217;re a recent graduate, don#8217;t include your graduation year. Once you#8217;ve past the #8220;young professional#8221; stage, leaving it off may protect you from age discrimination (and motherhood discrimination). (You might ask, #8220;Well, can#8217;t they tell how old I am by looking at discuss in essay my listed positions?#8221; but Alison Green of Ask a Manager recommends removing jobs that you held more than 15-20 years ago.) 6. Save and art essay, send/upload your resume as a PDF (rather than a Word document) so that the formatting will look exactly the same to the hiring manager as it does to you. Need Help Creating! Tip: I literally did not learn this until today, so some of public you may not know this either #8212; when you choose #8220;Export#8221; in Word and create a PDF, the formatting will be preserved, including hyperlinks. (A note based on writing, some of the comments #8212; if you KNOW a bot will be looking at your resume, upload a plain .txt version as well as a PDF version for art essay, human eyes, if you can.) When is the essay on health and safety at school, last time you updated your resume? How long is it? How much do you alter it for public, each position you apply for?

For those of planning you who REVIEW resumes, what are your main takeaways? Have you read about art essay any other resume rules for 2017? Getting Past the First Cut with a Resume That Grabs Digital Eyes [New York Times] What To Remove From Your Resume In 2017 [Forbes] How Long Can Your Resume Be? [Ask a Manager] 16 Things You Should Remove From Your Resume [The Ladders] Research: How Subtle Class Cues Can Backfire on Your Resume [Harvard Business Review] I would be weary of the PDF rule. I always used to submit resumes as PDFs it just seemed more polished. But one of a business plan my friend who works in HR for art essay, a big multi-national company says that they get so many applications for each job that they all get scanned by automated software for keywords before ever being seen by writing, a person. And many of those software applications cannot properly search PDFs, even though candidates are told this is an acceptable format. If your application is being submitted to what is obviously HR software, I#8217;d think twice and submit a Word document if it#8217;s a supported format. They probably can#8217;t search PDFs if they#8217;re a scan of something. Public Art Essay! But the by difference knowledge, PDFs you save from Microsoft Word are most definitely searchable. I don#8217;t know how the public art essay, search function of these software applications work, but apparently a number of in essay them struggle with PDFs. Knowing that, why take the risk?

They#8217;re only not searchable if they#8217;re scanned. Public! I think it#8217;s riskier to send a .doc than to send a searchable, natively created PDF. Here#8217;s an example where spellcheck won#8217;t help you. You meant wary but wrote weary. Both are words, so spellcheck is going to think you#8217;re fine. Always have a good friend or colleague check your entire resume. I review resumes pretty regularly and I HATE when someone sends a Word document.

Whether fair or not, it makes me feel like the power ways womens, applicant is not very tech-savvy. Even when the art essay, format stays as the michelle thesis, applicant intended (which it seldom does), I always use the Show/Hide formatting button and can often see that s/he made the resume #8220;look#8221; good but is not a very adept/efficient Word user. Art Essay! In fairness, my organization does not use automated software but I haven#8217;t heard of problems with resume scanning software and on health and safety, PDFs as long as OCR is applied. Another big turn-off is people who describe themselves as #8220;detail-oriented#8221; but have an public art essay error in in essay, their resume. I am much less forgiving of an error when the applicant has listed #8220;attention to detail#8221; as one of their selling points. Similarly, I more apt to public forgive a minor error on our online application (unique to help creating plan us, no spell check, etc.) than I am to public art essay overlook an error on your resume or cover letter, which you#8217;ve had time to knowing ways prep, check and have others review. Is #4 actually a thing people recommend now? I always think it looks a bit cliched and public, useless, and michelle thesis, as a hiring manager, I wouldn#8217;t even bother to read it. If you have some special skill/relation to the job, tell me in your cover letter or email don#8217;t give me random marketing jargon. Agree, I would be surprised to see this on a resume and would assume the person is out of touch with current norms.

This should be in the cover letter. Keeping it in is a waste of space. I see this a lot so I know it#8217;s done. I#8217;m not in Law, though, so that may be the difference? It doesn#8217;t bother me as long as it#8217;s brief. Even if they use marketing jargon, it still gives me a sense of public what the applicant believes are their top professional or personal traits, which can be telling.

It#8217;s like the essay at school, classic interview question, #8220;describe yourself in three words#8221; (or some iteration of that). The cover letter, on the other hand, is how their skills and experience will align with my organization and the position. I am really, really against public, #8220;personal branding statements#8221; on resumes. I don#8217;t need or want that on your resume. The resume is obama thesis valuable space and should be devoted to public highlighting how the essay, applicant#8217;s skills and experience match the employer#8217;s need. I would keep graduation year on resumes, but that may be a law-specific thing I need to know when you graduated so I know what kind of level of seniority I#8217;m looking at.

I#8217;m also really against public, wasting resume space on #8220;other interests,#8221; but I know lots of people here disagree with me. And I do get that, say, summer associate candidates may not have a ton of discuss in essay writing stuff to public art essay include on the resume and thus the fluff gives the interviewer something to talk about. Discuss In Essay! But if you have enough substantive material to fill up a page, please, for the love of god, do not cut any of it so you can include that you enjoy hiking, cooking, and SEC football. What would you think of including law school graduation year, but losing college graduation year and grad school graduation year? In my case, I graduated in 2010, but did grad school before law school, so I#8217;m 39. Art Essay! And don#8217;t really want to broadcast that to a prospective employer. On Health At School! But neither do I want to art essay make the essay and safety at school, employer suspect I#8217;m even older. Honestly, if you graduated in 2010, you#8217;re not applying for public art essay, entry-level jobs, so why would your age be concerning? I think that age discrimination of the kind you#8217;re worried about really pops out when you#8217;re looking for that first post-law school job and you#8217;re 10 years older than your classmates I#8217;d be more likely to do what you suggest then. At this point, you#8217;re well into your career so personally I wouldn#8217;t see a significant risk there. Ha- I#8217;ve seen the personal interests work against applicants.

There was one law student who put that their special talent was building a house of cards in under a minute (talent changed slightly for privacy). Essay Other! Several people wanted to hand this person a deck of cards to test them during the public art essay, interview. They were also known as the card student when discussed internally. Don#8217;t be that person. Wpp Fellowship! But why?

It wasn#8217;t an public offensive interest. To the contrary, it appeared rather impressive and memorable to the people. Yeah, if he can deliver I think that would be epic. And I would be pleased to obama michelle thesis be known as #8220;card student.#8221; The #8220;card#8221; applicant goes right along with the applicant who wore the art essay, really cool/funky/hot thing to the interview. Unless it#8217;s relevant (card-house building prepares me for a career in cup stacking), metaphorical (building card houses requires a keen sense of balance, as does this position, and each piece must be in place) or network-y (when I was at the card house tournament, I met person X, who you may know), why bring it up? I#8217;m not bringing it up. I#8217;m putting it on essay other planning, the very bottom of my resume as a fun fact to reward you for plowing through the rest of it.

Although certainly I am prepared to discuss its relevance to the position if you bring it up. I think it can work for art essay, and against#8230; I am off the opinion that card building is pretty awesome. Essay Other Planning! The ones I think should be avoided: -Travel#8230; And then listing places. I do not have a lot of public art essay work experience however, my volunteer life is where I have gained experience. Planning! SO I don#8217;t put my interests (reading, knitting, scrapbooking) but I put my volunteer experience that is relevant to the position I am applying for art essay, (for example, I volunteer as an instructor/trainer for girl guides and that gives me experience in public speaking/presenting and facilitating, things I want to need help creating a business do in a career but do not have the experience in public art essay, that yet). I remember the year everyone was fighting to hire the law student who took a year off school to drive the Weinermobile around the country.

He had the best stories. The one that was a subject of obama thesis debate was the guy who put on his resume that he ran the Boston marathon with a broken foot. Shows determination or stupidity? Don#8217;t think he got an interview. +1 to everything cbackson said. Yeah I agree with all of this. Public Art Essay! #4 (branding statement) sounds like something Resume Advice People invented to give themselves something to talk about. No one is (or should be) actually doing this. Also#8230; #3#8230; unless you#8217;re super hard to find on LinkedIn (why, though?) or have a super common name, you don#8217;t need to include a link.

I#8217;d frankly rather google it. Essay And Safety At School! Agree on keeping the grad year. It honestly looks like you are trying to hide something by public, leaving it off. I would be wary of a candidate who did. I am also against putting #8220;interests#8221; on resumes. It#8217;s not relevant to need help plan whether you can do the jobI want to know your education, experience, and interest in art essay, the actual work. Also, maybe I#8217;m overthinking things, but I think there#8217;s too big of a risk that your interests are boring (hiking, reading, traveling), will be perceived as taking too much time or energy away from planning work (triathlons, writing screenplays), falling into or out of some gender stereotype (sewing, baking, metalworking), or being too idiosyncratic (card guy). There#8217;s a possible exception of summer associate applicants because it#8217;s expected. But I also think law firms should stop asking. I kind of public art essay feel like if you#8217;re a card builder and you#8217;re interviewing with a firm that is anti-idisyncratic, then that#8217;s good information and it#8217;s a useful screening device on planning politician, both sides, no?

Just read a REALLY interesting Harvard Business Review article addressing this exact topic. Special interest are actually a way that subtle social class cues are conveyed. There#8217;s been research conducted specifically in a law firm setting and (not shockingly), the male with interests like polo and sailing was 4 times more likely to public art essay get a callback. When asked to give reasons, employers made generalizations about #8220;good fit.#8221; In a frustrating twist, having money as a woman worked against candidates because they were perceived as not needing to work because of family money. That#8217;s not frustrating at all#8230; I#8217;ll post the link to the article in my reply. All in all very interesting. And of course now I see that it was linked at on health and safety at school the bottom of the post. Public Art Essay! Silly me! Trying to lateral or possibly go in house (ouch, paycut) after being told I#8217;m out in creating a business, my #8220;up or out#8221; big firm.

18 big firm apps via recruiter and so far 11 rejections. SIGH/Terrified. Public! I don#8217;t know that I#8217;d waste time or space on michelle thesis, the LinkedIn link if people want to see your LinkedIn profile, don#8217;t they just open up Linkedin and search? I agree too. Plus, my LinkedIn profile had essentially the public, same information as my resume (educational background, experience).

Unless your LinkedIn profile reflects something important that you can#8217;t fit on your resume, I#8217;d ask why you bothered to include the link. Even then, you should be able to include anything you really want an employer to see in your cover letter and resume, especially if you can break the one-page rule. LinkedIn is where the branding statement goes! In 2016 we undertook a time-consuming effort to account for all our income and spending. There are probably tools that would have made this effort easier, but I did it #8220;by hand#8221;: I built a spreadsheet and recorded each month#8217;s income (my salary; husband#8217;s salary; other income) and all expenses (utilities; car expenses; groceries; eating out; travel; discretionary; childcare; etc.). It is plan not quite complete yet because I am waiting for art essay, the next credit card bills to enter all the end of year expenses. But, it#8217;s provided very interesting, fairly accurate, and generally reassuring data about the choices we are making. I don#8217;t plan to wpp fellowship essays do the public art essay, same in 2017 (because it was a lot of effort), but I will continue to track my discretionary spending (which I#8217;ve done for several years) because it really helps me to curb my unnecessary purchases. Inspired Knowing Knowledge Womens! I tend to use Marshalls/TJMaxx as a form of entertainment, but all those $30-70 purchases really add up (and I#8217;m mostly buying little bit of stuff I really don#8217;t need). I#8217;ve been doing this for years.

One of the things I love about it is that the public art essay, record of my expenses is also the wpp fellowship, diary of my life: trips, house projects, tuition, weddings (!), and so on. I#8217;ve been tracking my expenses and income by hand using spreadsheets for a few years now, and public, if you enter things a couple of times a month it doesn#8217;t take that much time. On Health And Safety At School! This is also a good way to art essay keep track of where you are each month WRT your budget for a particular category. I got all excited the other day because I started using if/then formulas to alert myself to categories I#8217;m approaching the limit on or have exceeded. I#8217;ve been doing it for the last 7 years with YNAB. It is creating a business plan still eye opening to me to this day. I think it is an excellent habit to create. Public! Lawyerly ladies I#8217;m currently struggling with how to obama thesis include this information in my resume: my law school graduation year and firm class year are different. I have a really specialized skill set and art essay, worked full time for in essay writing, my current firm while attending law school.

Post-graduation, they offered me a three year bump in seniority to public stay with them, and within the politician, firm, I operate at that level of art essay seniority (now a senior associate). I#8217;m basically looking for a way to by difference essay knowing knowledge womens say #8220;I graduated in 20XX, but am compensated as and art essay, given the responsibility of a 20(XX+3) grad.#8221; In the wpp fellowship, scoping sentence under your company/job, I would say a concise version of art essay just that. Thanks for this post and by difference essay knowing, the links, which absolve me from guilt over coming to public art essay a #8220;fun#8221; site when I have other stuff I should be doing! That Harvard Business Review article #8212; ouch. A resume showing a guy comes from money (sailing, polo) does better than lower-class-looking guys and all women. Help Plan! A resume showing a woman comes from money (sailing, polo) gets the least amount of public art essay interest b/c the reviewers assume she#8217;ll quit because she will have a rich husband. I just finished reading that, too. I guess I should#8217;ve put sailing on and safety, my resume all these years#8230; Or maybe work #8220;desire to stay single forever#8221; into art essay, my mission statement. I enjoyed reading your post. I worked as a career coach for need help creating, a few years and everything you covered here it#8217;s on point!

It is art essay critical to inspired knowing knowledge power womens optimize your resume to each position and company culture. Public Art Essay! There is knowing power womens a free AI resume tool that helps do just that. Super helpful in art essay, any job search!

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Subchapter B. PERMITS, TRANSFERS AND OBJECTIONS. 78.12. Compliance with permit. 78.14. Transfer of well ownership or change of address. 78.16. Public. Accelerated permit review. 78.18. Disposal and enhanced recovery well permits. 78.19. Permit application fee schedule.

78.21. Opportunity for objections and essay planning politician, conferences; surface landowners. 78.22. Objections by owner or operator of coal mine. 78.23. Time for filing objections by owner or operator of coal mine. 78.24. Information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine. 78.26.

Agreement at conference. 78.27. Continuation of conference. 78.28. Final action if objections do not proceed to panel. 78.29. Composition of panel. 78.30. Jurisdiction of panel. 78.31. Scheduling of meeting by the panel.

78.32. Recommendation by the panel. 78.33. Effect of public art essay, panel on essay at school time for permit issuance. (a) No person may drill or alter a well unless that person has first obtained a permit from the Department. (b) No person may operate a well unless one of the following conditions has been met: (1) The person has obtained a permit under the art essay act. (2) The person has registered the well under the act. (3) The well was in essay and safety at school, operation on April 18, 1985, under a permit that was obtained under the public art essay Gas Operations Well-Drilling Petroleum and Coal Mining Act (52 P. S. § § 2104, 2208, 2601 and 2602) (Repealed). The provisions of this § 78.11 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Creating. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.18 (relating to disposal and enhanced recovery well permits). A person may not drill, alter or operate an oil or gas well except in accordance with a permit or registration issued under the act and in compliance with the terms and conditions of the permit, this chapter and public art essay, the statutes under which it was promulgated. A copy of the permit shall be kept at the well site during drilling or alteration of obama michelle thesis, a well. The provisions of this § 78.12 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138804). (a) No transfer, assignment or sale of rights granted under a permit or registration may be made without prior written approval of the Department. Permit transfers may be denied for the reasons set forth in section 201(e)(4) and (5) of the act (58 P. S. § 601.201(e)(4) and (5)). (b) The Department may require the transferee to fulfill the public art essay drilling, plugging, well site restoration, water supply replacement and other requirements of the act, regardless of whether the transferor commenced the activity and regardless of whether the transferor failed to properly perform the transferor#146;s obligations under the act. The provisions of this § 78.13 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. § 78.14.

Transfer of well ownership or change of address. (a) Within 30 days after the sale, assignment, transfer, conveyance or exchange of need plan, a well, the new owner or operator shall notify the Department, in writing, of the transfer of ownership. (b) The notice shall include the public art essay following information: (1) The names, addresses and telephone numbers of the former and new owner, and the agent if applicable. (2) The well permit or registration number. (3) The effective date of the transfer of ownership. (4) An application for a well permit transfer if there is a change in michelle, the well operator. (c) The permittee shall notify the Department of public, a change in address or name within 30 days of the change.

The provisions of this § 78.14 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. Discuss Writing. 1234. Public. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (193955) to (193956). (a) An application for a well permit shall be submitted on forms furnished by the Department and contain the information required by the Department to discuss in essay writing, evaluate the application. (b) The permit application will not be considered complete until the applicant submits a complete and accurate plat, an approvable bond or other means of complying with section 215 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215), the fee in compliance with § 78.19 (relating to permit application fee schedule), proof of notification, necessary requests for variance or waivers or other documents required to be furnished by public art essay law or the Department.

The person named in the permit shall be the same person named in the bond or other security. The provisions of this § 78.15 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended April 17, 2009, effective April 18, 2009, 39 Pa.B. And Safety At School. 1982. Immediately preceding text appears at public art essay serial page (276300). In cases of hardship, an operator may request an accelerated review of wpp fellowship, a well permit application. For the purposes of this section, hardship includes cases where immediate action is necessary to public, protect public health or safety, to control pollution or to effect other environmental or safety measures, and extraordinary circumstances beyond the control of the operator. Permits issued shall be consistent with the requirements of the act. The provisions of this § 78.16 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. An operator may request a 1-year renewal of essays, a well permit. The request shall be accompanied by art essay a permit fee, the inspired ways surcharge required in section 601 of the act (58 P. Public. S. Essays. § 601.601), and an affidavit affirming that the information on the original application is still accurate and complete, that the well location restrictions are still met and that the surface owners, coal owners and operators, gas storage operators, where the public art essay permit renewal is for a proposed well location within an underground gas storage reservoir or the reservoir protective area, and water supply owners within 1,000 feet have been notified of this request for renewal. Knowledge Ways. The request shall be received by the Department at least 15 calendar days prior to the expiration of the original permit. The provisions of public art essay, this § 78.17 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. Obama Michelle Thesis. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (263008).

§ 78.18. Disposal and enhanced recovery well permits. (a) A person may not drill a disposal or enhanced recovery well or alter an existing well to be a disposal or enhanced recovery well unless the person: (1) Obtains a well permit under § 78.11 (relating to permit requirements). (2) Submits with the well permit application a copy of the well permit, approved permit application and public, required related documentation submitted for the disposal or enhanced recovery well to the EPA under 40 CFR Part 146 (relating to underground injection control program). (3) Submits a copy of a control and disposal plan for the disposal or enhanced recovery well and related facilities that meets the requirements of § 91.34 (relating to activities utilizing pollutants). (4) Submits a copy of an erosion and sedimentation plan for the disposal or enhanced recovery well site that meets the requirements of inspired knowledge, Chapter 102 and § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sediment control; and erosion and sedimentation control). (b) By December 18, 1995, an art essay, operator of disposal or enhanced recovery wells which were operating before December 18, 1995, shall submit to the Department a list of the operator#146;s disposal or enhanced recovery wells including: (1) The Department#146;s permit or registration number for each well on this list. (2) The corresponding permit number issued to each well on this list by in essay writing the EPA. (c) A person who operates multiple well projects may submit one copy of the documents required under subsection (a) if the documents are applicable to the entire project. The provisions of public art essay, this § 78.18 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78a.18 (relating to help creating a business plan, disposal and enhanced recovery well permits); and art essay, 25 Pa. Code § 95.10 (relating to wpp fellowship, treatment requirements for new and expanding mass loadings of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)). § 78.19. Permit application fee schedule. (a) An applicant shall pay a permit application fee according to the following schedule: (b) An applicant for a conventional well exceeding 12,000 feet in total well bore length shall pay a permit application fee of art essay, $1,950 + $100 for every 500 feet the well bore extends over 12,000 feet. Fees shall be rounded to the nearest 500-foot interval under this subsection. (c) If, when drilled, the total well bore length of the conventional well exceeds the length specified in the permit application due to target formation being deeper than anticipated at the time of application submittal, the operator shall pay the difference between the power amount paid as part of the permit application and the amount required under subsections (a) and (b).

(d) An applicant for public art essay, a conventional well with a well bore length of 1,500 feet or less for home use shall pay a permit application fee of $200. (e) At least every 3 years, the Department will provide the EQB with an evaluation of the essay planning politician fees in public art essay, this chapter and recommend regulatory changes to the EQB to address any disparity between the program income generated by the fees and the Department#146;s cost of administering the program with the objective of ensuring fees meet all program costs and programs are self-sustaining. The provisions of this § 78.19 amended under sections 201(d) and 604 of the Oil and Gas Act (58 P.S. § § 601.201(d) and 601.604) (Repealed); sections 1917-A and obama michelle thesis, 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-17 and 510-20); 58 Pa.C.S. § § 3202, 3211(d), 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § 691.5); section 105 of the art essay Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § 6018.105); section 5 of the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. § 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. § 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. § § 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. § 1003); and section 13.2 of the essay planning act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. § 1741.1-E). The provisions of this § 78.19 adopted April 17, 2009, effective April 18, 2009, 39 Pa.B. 1982; amended October 23, 2009, effective October 24, 2009, 39 Pa.B. 6232; amended June 13, 2014, effective June 14, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 3517; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (372299) to public art essay, (372300). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.15 (relating to application requirements). § 78.21. Opportunity for wpp fellowship essays, objections and conferences; surface landowners. (a) The surface landowner of the tract on which the proposed well is located may object to the well location based on the assertion that the well location violates section 205 of the art essay act (58 P. S. § 601.205) or on help plan the basis that the information in public art essay, the application is untrue in a material respect, and request a conference under section 501 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.501).

(b) The objection and essay on health and safety at school, request for a conference shall be filed in writing with the Department within 15 calendar days of receipt of the plat by the surface landowner. The objection shall contain the art essay following: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the help creating plan person submitting the objection. (2) The name of the well operator, and public art essay, the name and number of the michelle proposed well. (3) A statement of the objection and a request for public art essay, a conference if a conference is wpp fellowship essays, being requested. The provisions of this § 78.21 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. § 78.22. Public Art Essay. Objections by owner or operator of coal mine. The owner or operator of an operating coal mine or a coal mine already projected and platted, but not yet being operated, may file written objections to a proposed well location with the Department if the following apply: (1) The well, when drilled, would penetrate within the outside coal boundaries of michelle, such a mine or within 1,000 feet beyond the boundaries. (2) In the opinion of the public art essay owner or operator, the well will unduly interfere with or endanger the mine or persons working in the mine. The provisions of this § 78.22 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). § 78.23. Time for politician, filing objections by owner or operator of art essay, coal mine. (a) A coal mine owner or operator who objects to a proposed gas well for thesis, financial considerations, and art essay, wishes to go before a panel with an objection over which the panel has jurisdiction, shall file objections to a proposed gas well within 10-calendar days of the receipt of the plat. (b) A coal mine owner or operator who does not wish to go before a panel with an in essay writing, objection over which the panel has jurisdiction, or who is not raising financial objections to the proposed gas well, shall file objections to a proposed oil or gas well within 15 calendar days of the receipt of the art essay plat.

The provisions of this § 78.23 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). § 78.24. Information to other planning politician, be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine.

(a) The objections shall be filed in writing and shall contain the following information, if applicable: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the person filing the public art essay objection, and the date on which a copy of the plat was received. (2) The name and address of the applicant for the well permit and the name and thesis, number of the well. (3) The type of well#151;for example, oil, gas, injection and the like#151;that is the public subject of the objections. (4) The location of the well in other planning, relation to the coal owned or operated by the objecting party. (5) The area through which the well will be drilled, specifically: (i) Whether the well will be drilled through a mining area that is projected, platted or permitted, but not yet being operated. (ii) Whether the well will be drilled through a perimeter area. (iii) Whether the well will penetrate a workable coal seam. (iv) Whether the well will be located above an active mine. (v) Whether the well will penetrate an operating mine. (6) A copy of the plans, maps or projections of the mining area underlying the proposed gas well showing the location of the proposed well. (7) Whether the owner or operator believes that the public well will pose undue interference or endangerment to the mine, and the nature of the threat.

(8) The financial impact posed by the well, to essay other planning, which objections may be heard by a panel under § 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel). (9) Whether the well will violate the public art essay act, the Coal and in essay, Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § § 501#151;518) or another applicable law administered by the Department. (b) The objections shall include an alternate location, if possible, on public art essay the tract of the well operator that would overcome the objections or at which the essays interference would be minimized. The Department is not bound to consider alternate locations that are proposed after the close of the first conference. The provisions of public art essay, this § 78.24 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.25 (relating to michelle, conferences#151;general). (a) If a timely objection to the location is filed by public art essay the coal owner or operator under § § 78.22#151;78.24 (relating to objections by owner or operator of coal mine; time for filing objections by owner or operator of coal mine; and knowing knowledge power ways womens, information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine), or if objections are made by the Department, the Department will fix a time and place for a conference within 10 calendar days from the date of service of the objections upon the well operator, unless all parties agree to an extension of time for the conference. (b) The Department may decide not to hold a conference if it determines that the objections are not valid or if the objection is resolved. (c) The Department will attempt to schedule the conference as late as possible in the 10-day period if the well is subject to the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § § 501#151;518). The Department will not schedule a conference under section 202 of the public act (58 P. S. § 601.202) if it receives written notice that the gas well operator or the coal mine owner or operator has made a written request to convene a panel to resolve objections to the location of a gas well over which a panel has jurisdiction in accordance with § § 78.29#151;78.33. (d) The conference shall be governed by discuss § § 78.26#151;78.28 (relating to agreement at conference; continuation of conference; and final action if objections do not proceed to panel). (e) The Department or a person having a direct interest in the subject matter of the act may request a conference any time to public art essay, attempt to resolve by mutual agreement a matter arising under the discuss in essay act. The provisions of this § 78.25 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in public art essay, 25 Pa. Code § 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel). (a) If the discuss in essay writing parties reach an public art essay, agreement at the conference, and if the Department approves the location, the Department will cause the agreement to be reduced to writing. (b) If the Department does not reject the agreement within 10 calendar days after the agreement is reduced to essay, writing, the agreement becomes effective. (c) An agreement reached at the conference shall be consistent with the requirements of the act and art essay, applicable statutes. An agreement that is essays, not in accordance with the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § § 501#151;518) and applicable law shall be deemed to be null and public art essay, void. The provisions of in essay, this § 78.26 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to public, conferences#151;general).

The Department may continue the wpp fellowship essays conference for good cause. Good cause includes one or more of the following: (1) The need for supplemental data, maps or surveys. (2) The need to public art essay, verify that the agreement or a proposed well location is need plan, consistent with the requirements of the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P.S. Art Essay. § § 501#151;518) and essay, other applicable requirements. (3) The need for art essay, the presence of essential witnesses whose unavailability is due to good cause. (4) The need for further investigation into the allegations that are the basis for the objections. (5) Agreement by all parties that a continuance is beneficial to by difference knowing knowledge power womens, the resolution of the objections. The provisions of art essay, this § 78.27 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to discuss in essay, conferences#151;general). § 78.28. Public. Final action if objections do not proceed to panel. If the panel does not have jurisdiction of the objections, under § 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel), or if the panel has jurisdiction but the parties choose not to proceed to need creating a business, a panel, the Department may proceed to issue or deny the permit, under sections 201 and 202 of the act (58 P. S. § § 601.201 and 601.202). No permit will be issued for a well at a location that in the opinion of the Department would endanger the safety of persons working in a coal mine. The provisions of this § 78.28 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in public, 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). (a) If the gas well operator and the objecting coal owner or operator are unable to agree upon a drilling location, and the gas well is subject to the jurisdiction of a panel under § 78.30 (relating to jurisdiction of panel), the well operator or a coal owner or operator may convene a panel. (b) The panel shall consist of one person selected by the objecting coal owners or operators, a second person selected by the permit applicant and a third selected by these two. (c) The parties shall submit their positions to the panel within such time as the panel prescribes, in accordance with section 12 of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § 512). The provisions of this § 78.29 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in wpp fellowship, 25 Pa. Public. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). (a) A panel shall hear objections by the owner or operator of the coal mining area only if the essay planning proposed gas well is not subject to art essay, the Oil and Gas Conservation Law (58 P. S. § § 401#151;419) and one of the planning following applies: (1) The well will be drilled through an area that is art essay, projected and wpp fellowship, permitted, but not yet being operated. (2) The well will be drilled through a perimeter area.

(3) The well will penetrate a workable coal seam, and will be located above an active mine, but will not penetrate an public, operating mine. (b) The panel shall hear only objections that were filed by the owner or operator of the essay inspired knowing knowledge power mining areas set forth in subsection (a). (c) If after a conference in accordance with § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general), the Department has unresolved objections, the panel does not have jurisdiction to convene or to hear objections. The provisions of this § 78.30 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in public art essay, 25 Pa. Code § 78.24 (relating to information to be provided with objections by owner or operator of coal mine); 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general); 25 Pa. Other. Code § 78.28 (relating to final action if objections do not proceed to panel); and public, 25 Pa.

Code § 78.29 (relating to composition of discuss writing, panel). § 78.31. Scheduling of meeting by the panel. The panel shall convene a meeting within 10-calendar days of the panel chairperson#146;s receipt of a written request to do so by the permit applicant or by the objecting coal owner or operator. The provisions of this § 78.31 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general); and 25 Pa. Public. Code § 78.32 (relating to recommendation by the panel). (a) The panel shall make its recommendation of where the proposed well should be located, based upon the financial considerations of the writing parties. (b) The panel shall make its recommendation within 10-calendar days of the close of the meeting held under § 78.31 (relating to scheduling of meeting by the panel). (c) If the Department determines that the first recommended location endangers a mine or the public, it will reject the location and public art essay, notify the panel to make another recommendation. The panel shall submit another recommended location to the Department within 10 calendar days of the Department#146;s notification. (d) If the Department determines that the wpp fellowship second recommended location endangers a mine or the public, the public art essay Department may designate a location where it has determined that the well will not unduly interfere with or endanger the mine or the public and issue a permit for the well at that designated location. However, if the Department has not designated such a location, and other politician, if the public Department determines that a well drilled at any proposed or panel-recommended alternate location will unduly interfere with or endanger the mine or the public, it will deny the permit. (e) No permit will be issued for a well at a location that would, in the opinion of the Department, endanger the safety of persons working in a coal mine. The provisions of this § 78.32 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Essays. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). § 78.33. Art Essay. Effect of panel on time for essays, permit issuance. The period of time during which the objections are being considered by a full panel is not included in the 45-day period for the issuance or denial of a permit under section 201(e) of the act (58 P.S. § 601.201(e)). The provisions of public, this § 78.33 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.25 (relating to conferences#151;general). Subchapter C. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. 78.51. Protection of water supplies. 78.52.

Predrilling or prealteration survey. 78.53. Essay On Health And Safety At School. Erosion and public art essay, sediment control. 78.55. Control and disposal planning. 78.56. Pits and tanks for temporary containment. 78.57. Control, storage and on health at school, disposal of production fluids. 78.58. Existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids.

78.61. Disposal of public art essay, drill cuttings. 78.62. Disposal of residual waste#151;pits. 78.63. Disposal of residual waste#151;land application. 78.64. Containment around oil tanks. § 78.51. Protection of water supplies. (a) A well operator who affects a public or private water supply by pollution or diminution shall restore or replace the affected supply with an alternate source of discuss in essay writing, water adequate in quantity and quality for the purposes served by the supply as determined by the Department.

(b) A landowner, water purveyor or affected person suffering pollution or diminution of a water supply as a result of art essay, drilling, altering or operating an wpp fellowship, oil or gas well may so notify the Department and request that an investigation be conducted. The notice and request must include the following: (1) The name, address and art essay, telephone number of the person requesting the investigation. (2) The type, location and use of the water supply. (3) Available background quality and quantity data regarding the obama michelle thesis water supply, if known. (4) Well depth, pump setting and water level, if known. (5) A description of the pollution or diminution. (c) Within 10 days of the receipt of the investigation request, the Department will investigate the claim and public art essay, will, within 45 days of receipt of the request, make a determination. If the Department finds that pollution or diminution was caused by the drilling, alteration or operation activities or if it presumes the well operator responsible for polluting the water supply of the landowner or water purveyor under section 208(c) of the act (58 P. Writing. S. § 601.208(c)), the Department will issue orders to the well operator necessary to art essay, assure compliance with this section. (d) A restored or replaced water supply includes any well, spring, public water system or other water supply approved by the Department, which meets the criteria for adequacy as follows: (1) Reliability, cost, maintenance and control. By Difference Essay Ways. A restored or replaced water supply, at a minimum, must: (i) Be as reliable as the public previous water supply.

(ii) Be as permanent as the previous water supply. (iii) Not require excessive maintenance. (iv) Provide the water user with as much control and accessibility as exercised over the previous water supply. (v) Not result in increased costs to operate and maintain. If the operating and maintenance costs of the discuss restored or replaced water supply are increased, the public operator shall provide for permanent payment of the increased operating and maintenance costs of the wpp fellowship essays restored or replaced water supply. (2) Quality. The quality of a restored or replaced water supply will be deemed adequate if it meets the standards established under the Pennsylvania Safe Drinking Water Act (35 P. S. § § 721.1#151;721.17), or is comparable to the quality of the water supply before it was affected by the operator if that water supply did not meet these standards. (3) Adequate quantity. A restored or replaced water supply will be deemed adequate in quantity if it meets one of the following as determined by the Department: (i) It delivers the amount of water necessary to satisfy the public art essay water user#146;s needs and the demands of any reasonably foreseeable uses.

(ii) It is established through a connection to a public water supply system that is capable of delivering the amount of discuss in essay, water necessary to satisfy the water user#146;s needs and public art essay, the demands of any reasonably foreseeable uses. (iii) For purposes of this paragraph and with respect to need help, agricultural water supplies, the term reasonably foreseeable uses includes the reasonable expansion of use where the water supply available prior to drilling exceeded the actual use. (4) Water source serviceability. Replacement of a water supply includes providing plumbing, conveyance, pumping or auxiliary equipment and public art essay, facilities necessary for the water user to need help a business plan, utilize the water supply. (e) If the water supply is for art essay, uses other than human consumption, the operator shall demonstrate to the Department#146;s satisfaction that the restored or replaced water supply is adequate for the purposes served by the supply. (f) Tank trucks or bottled water are acceptable only as temporary water replacement for a period approved by other the Department and do not relieve the operator of the obligation to provide a restored or replaced water supply. (g) If the well operator and public, the water user are unable to reach agreement on the means for restoring or replacing the water supply, the discuss writing Department or either party may request a conference under section 501 of the public art essay act (58 P. Discuss In Essay Writing. S. § 601.501). (h) A well operator who receives notice from a landowner, water purveyor or affected person that a water supply has been affected by pollution or diminution, shall report receipt of notice from an affected person to the Department within 24 hours of public art essay, receiving the essays notice.

The provisions of this § 78.51 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Art Essay. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at writing serial pages (350764) and (317133). § 78.52. Predrilling or prealteration survey.

(a) A well operator who wishes to art essay, preserve its defense under section 208(d)(1) of the act (58 P. S. § 601.208 (d)(1)) that the pollution of a water supply existed prior to essay other, the drilling or alteration of the public well shall conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey in accordance with this section. (b) A person who wishes to document the quality of a water supply to support a future claim that the drilling or alteration of the well affected the water supply by essay other planning pollution may conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey in accordance with this section. (c) The survey shall be conducted by an independent certified laboratory. A person independent of the well owner or well operator, other than an employee of the certified laboratory, may collect the sample and public art essay, document the condition of the knowledge ways womens water supply, if the art essay certified laboratory affirms that the sampling and documentation is performed in wpp fellowship, accordance with the laboratory#146;s approved sample collection, preservation and public, handling procedure and chain of custody. (d) An operator electing to preserve its defenses under section 208(d)(1) of the act shall provide a copy of the results of the survey to the Department and the landowner or water purveyor within 10-business days of receipt of the results. Test results not received by thesis the Department within 10 business days may not be used to public, preserve the operator#146;s defenses under section 208(d)(1) of the act. (e) The report describing the discuss writing results of the art essay survey must contain the other politician following information: (1) The location of the water supply and the name of the surface landowner or water purveyor. (2) The date of the survey, and public art essay, the name of the certified laboratory and the person who conducted the on health survey. (3) A description of where and how the sample was collected.

(4) A description of the type and age, if known, of the water supply, and public, treatment, if any. (5) The name of the well operator, name and number of well to be drilled and permit number if known. (6) The results of the obama michelle laboratory analysis. (f) A well operator who wishes to art essay, preserve the defense under section 208(d)(2) of the act that the landowner or water purveyor refused the obama michelle operator access to art essay, conduct a survey shall confirm the desire to conduct this survey and that access was refused by issuing notice to discuss, the person by public certified mail, or otherwise document that access was refused. The notice must include the essay other following: (1) The operator#146;s intention to drill or alter a well.

(2) The desire to conduct a predrilling or prealteration survey. (3) The name of the person who requested and was refused access to conduct the survey and the date of the public request and refusal. (4) The name and address of the well operator and the address of the Department, to which the water purveyor or landowner may respond. The provisions of this § 78.52 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; amended January 27, 2006, effective January 28, 2006, 36 Pa.B. 465; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (317133) to (317134). This section cited in help plan, 25 Pa. Code § 78.141 (relating to scope).

§ 78.53. Erosion and sediment control. During and after earthmoving or soil disturbing activities, including the activities related to siting, drilling, completing, producing, servicing and plugging the well, constructing, utilizing and restoring the art essay access road and restoring the in essay writing site, the operator shall design, implement and maintain best management practices in accordance with Chapter 102 (relating to erosion and sediment control) and art essay, an erosion and wpp fellowship, sediment control plan prepared under that chapter. Best management practices for oil and public, gas well operations are listed in the Oil And Gas Operators Manual , Commonwealth of essay on health at school, Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Protection, Guidance No. 550-0300-001 (April 1997), as amended and updated. The provisions of this § 78.53 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Public Art Essay. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (266200).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.18 (relating to disposal and enhanced recovery well permits); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); 25 Pa. Code § 78.60 (relating to discharge requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Code § 78.62 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.63 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;land application). The well operator shall control and dispose of fluids, residual waste and drill cuttings, including tophole water, brines, drilling fluids, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids and drill cuttings in wpp fellowship essays, a manner that prevents pollution of the waters of this Commonwealth and in accordance with § § 78.55#151;78.58 and 78.60#151;78.63 and with the statutes under which this chapter is promulgated. The provisions of this § 78.54 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229.

This section cited in 25 Pa. Public. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning). § 78.55. Control and disposal planning. (a) Preparation and implementation of wpp fellowship essays, plan. Art Essay. Prior to generation of waste, the well operator shall prepare and implement a plan under § 91.34 (relating to activities utilizing pollutants) for the control and disposal of fluids, residual waste and drill cuttings, including tophole water, brines, drilling fluids, additives, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids and drill cuttings from the drilling, alteration, production, plugging or other activity associated with oil and gas wells. (b) Requirements. The plan must identify the control and disposal methods and practices utilized by the well operator and be consistent with the act, The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § § 691.1#151;691.1001), the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § § 6018.101#151;6018.1003) and § § 78.54, 78.56#151;78.58 and 78.60#151;78.63. Other Planning. The plan must also include a pressure barrier policy that identifies barriers to public art essay, be used during identified operations. (c) Revisions. The operator shall revise the plan prior to implementing a change to the practices identified in the plan.

(d) Copies. Obama Michelle. A copy of the plan shall be provided to public, the Department upon wpp fellowship essays request and shall be available at the site during drilling and completion activities for public, review. (e) Emergency contacts. A list of emergency contact phone numbers for the area in inspired, which the well site is art essay, located must be included in the plan and be prominently displayed at the well site during drilling, completion or alteration activities. The provisions of this § 78.55 amended under sections 1917-A and discuss in essay, 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-17 and 510-20); 35 Pa.C.S. § 7321; 58 Pa.C.S. § § 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. Public Art Essay. § 691.5); section 105 of the essays Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § 6018.105); section 5 of the public art essay Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. § 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. Essay Inspired. § 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. § § 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the public Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. § 1003); and section 13.2 of the act of thesis, July 10, 2014 (P.L. 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. § 1741.1-E).

The provisions of this § 78.55 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805; amended January 25, 2013, effective January 26, 2013, except that subsection (f)(3) is effective February 25, 2013, subsection (f)(4) is effective July 25, 2013, and public art essay, subsection (f)(5) is essay and safety, effective April 26, 2013, 43 Pa.B. 526; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (365451) to public art essay, (365457). This section cited in essays, 25 Pa. Art Essay. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.72 (relating to use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment). § 78.56. Pits and tanks for temporary containment. (a) Except as provided in § § 78.60(b) and 78.61(b) (relating to discharge requirements; and disposal of drill cuttings), the operator shall contain pollutional substances and wastes from the drilling, altering, completing, recompleting, servicing and plugging the well, including brines, drill cuttings, drilling muds, oils, stimulation fluids, well treatment and servicing fluids, plugging and drilling fluids other than gases in a business, a pit, tank or series of pits and tanks. The operator shall install or construct and maintain the pit, tank or series of public, pits and tanks in accordance with the following requirements: (1) The pit, tank or series of pits and tanks shall be constructed and maintained with sufficient capacity to obama michelle thesis, contain all pollutional substances and wastes which are used or produced during drilling, altering, completing and plugging the public well. (2) A pit shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that at least 2 feet of freeboard remain at obama michelle thesis all times. If open tanks are used, the tanks shall be maintained so that at least 2 feet of freeboard remain at all times unless the art essay tank is provided with an overflow system to writing, a standby tank or pit with sufficient volume to contain all excess fluid or waste. If an open standby tank is used, it shall be maintained with 2 feet of freeboard. If this subsection is violated, the operator immediately shall take the necessary measures to ensure the structural stability of the art essay pit or tank, prevent spills and restore the 2 feet of freeboard.

(3) Pits and tanks shall be designed, constructed and maintained to be structurally sound and reasonably protected from unauthorized acts of third parties. (4) A pit or tank that contains drill cuttings from below the casing seat, pollutional substances, wastes or fluids other than tophole water, fresh water and uncontaminated drill cuttings shall be impermeable and essay on health and safety, comply with the following: (i) The pits shall be constructed with a synthetic flexible liner with a coefficient of permeability of public art essay, no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec and with sufficient strength and thickness to wpp fellowship, maintain the integrity of the public liner. The liner shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that the physical and chemical characteristics of the wpp fellowship liner are not adversely affected by the waste and art essay, the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Discuss Writing. Adjoining sections of liners shall be sealed together to prevent leakage in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s directions. Public Art Essay. If the operator seeks to use a liner material other than a synthetic flexible liner, the operator shall submit a plan identifying the type and thickness of the material and the installation procedures to michelle thesis, be used, and shall obtain approval of the plan by the Department before proceeding. (ii) The pit shall be constructed so that the liner subbase is smooth, uniform and public art essay, free from debris, rock and politician, other material that may puncture, tear, cut or otherwise cause the public art essay liner to fail. The liner subbase and subgrade shall be capable of bearing the weight of the material above the liner without settling that may affect the integrity of the essay womens liner.

If the pit bottom or sides consist of rock, shale or other materials that may cause the liner to fail, a subbase of at least 6 inches of soil, sand or smooth gravel, or sufficient amount of an equivalent material, shall be installed over the area as the public subbase for the liner. (iii) The bottom of the pit shall be at least 20 inches above the seasonal high groundwater table, unless the operator obtains approval under subsection (b) for a pit that exists only during dry times of the year and is located above groundwater. (iv) If a liner becomes torn or otherwise loses its integrity, the pit shall be managed to need help creating a business plan, prevent the pit contents from leaking from the pit. If repair of the art essay liner or construction of by difference knowing knowledge, another temporary pit is not practical or possible, the public pit contents shall be removed and disposed at essay inspired knowing knowledge power womens an approved waste disposal facility or disposed on public the well site in accordance with § 78.61, § 78.62 or § 78.63 (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;pits; and disposal of obama, residual waste#151;land application). (v) If the liner drops below the art essay 2 feet of freeboard, the wpp fellowship essays pit shall be managed to prevent the pit contents from leaking from the pit and art essay, the 2 feet of wpp fellowship, lined freeboard shall be restored. (b) The operator may request to public, use practices other than those specified in subsection (a) which provide equivalent or superior protection by submitting a request to the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department. (c) Disposal of uncontaminated drill cuttings in a pit or by land application shall comply with § 78.61. A pit used for the disposal of by difference essay knowing knowledge ways, residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with § 78.62. Disposal of public, residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, by land application shall comply with § 78.63. (d) Unless a permit under The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § § 691.1#151;691.1001) or approval under § 78.57 or § 78.58 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids; and essays, existing pits used for the control, storage and art essay, disposal of by difference inspired power, production fluids) has been obtained for public, the pit, the owner or operator shall remove or fill the pit within 9 months after completion of drilling, or in accordance with the extension granted by the Department under section 206(g) of the act (58 P.S. § 601.206(g)).

Pits used during servicing, plugging and recompleting the well shall be removed or filled within 90 days of construction. The provisions of this § 78.56 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (263009) to on health at school, (263010) and public art essay, (241901).

This section cited in essay planning, 25 Pa. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and art essay, disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of michelle, drill cuttings). § 78.57. Control, storage and disposal of production fluids. (a) Unless a permit has been obtained under § 78.60(a) (relating to discharge requirements), the public operator shall collect the brine and other fluids produced during operation, service and plugging of the well in a tank, pit or a series of pits or tanks, or other device approved by the Department for subsequent disposal or reuse. Except as allowed in this subchapter or otherwise approved by the Department, the discuss in essay operator may not discharge the brine and other fluids on or into the ground or into the waters of this Commonwealth. (b) Except as provided in § 78.56 (relating to public art essay, pits and tanks for temporary containment), the operator may not use a pit for the control, handling or storage of wpp fellowship, brine and other fluids produced during operation, service or plugging of a well unless the pit is authorized by a permit under The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § § 691.1#151;691.1001) or approval to operate the pit as an impoundment under The Clean Streams Law is obtained from the Department under subsection (c).

(c) The operator may apply for approval from the Department to operate a pit as an impoundment under The Clean Streams Law, as indicated by the Department#146;s issuance of a pit approval number in accordance with this section. No pit will be eligible for public, approval under this subsection unless the capacity of any one pit or of any two or more interconnected pits is less than 250,000 gallons, or the total capacity contained in pits on other politician one tract or related tracts of land is less than 500,000 gallons. Compliance with this subsection does not relieve the operator from the obligation to comply with section 308 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § 691.308) and public, the requirements for obtaining a permit for the erection, construction and operation of treatment works promulgated under that section. (1) A request for approval under this subsection shall be made on forms furnished by the Department and, at a minimum, shall include the following: (i) A description of the by difference knowing ways womens operator#146;s plan that demonstrates compliance with this subsection for the construction or reconstruction of the pit. (ii) A description of the operator#146;s program for operation and maintenance of the pit. (iii) A description of the method for art essay, subsequent disposal or reuse of the brine or other fluids produced during operation of the well.

(iv) A description of the operator#146;s program for the closure of the pit and restoration of the site. (2) The operator shall design, construct, operate and essay knowing knowledge power, maintain the public pit in accordance with the on health approval and the following: (i) The pit approval number is posted at the pit in a legible and visible manner. (ii) The pit is not located within 100 feet of a stream, wetland or body of water unless a waiver is granted by the Department. (iii) The bottom of the pit is art essay, a minimum of 20 inches above the inspired knowing knowledge power seasonal high groundwater table. (iv) At least 2 feet of public art essay, freeboard remain at by difference knowledge power all times. (v) The pit is structurally sound and the inside slopes of the pit are not steeper than a ratio of 2 horizontal to public, 1 vertical. (vi) The pit is impermeable and essays, is lined with a synthetic flexible liner or alternate material that has a coefficient of permeability of no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec. Public Art Essay. The liner shall be of politician, sufficient strength and thickness to maintain the art essay integrity of the liner. Wpp Fellowship. The thickness of a synthetic liner shall be at least 30 mils.

Adjoining sections of liners shall be sealed together in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s directions to prevent leakage. (vii) The physical and chemical characteristics of the liner shall be compatible with the waste and the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Public Art Essay. Liner compatibility shall satisfy EPA Method 9090, Compatibility Test for Wastes and Membrane Liners , or other documented data approved by and safety the Department. (viii) The pit shall be constructed so that the art essay liner subbase is smooth, uniform and free of debris, rock and thesis, other material that may puncture, tear, cut, rip or otherwise cause the public art essay liner to fail. The liner subbase and subgrade shall be capable of bearing the weight of the material above the liner without settling in need, an amount that will affect the integrity of the liner. If the pit bottom or sides consist of rock, shale or other material that may cause the liner to leak, a subbase of at least 6 inches of soil, sand or smooth gravel, or a sufficient amount of an equivalent material shall be installed over the area as the subbase for the liner. (ix) Prior to placing brine or other fluids in public art essay, the pit, the operator shall inspect the liner and essay other, correct all damage or imperfections that may cause the liner to leak. (x) Surface water which may drain into the pit shall be diverted away from the pit. (xi) The pit is reasonably protected from unauthorized acts of third parties.

(3) Upon abandonment of the well or revocation of the approval by the Department, the operator shall restore the pit in art essay, accordance with the following: (i) The free liquid fraction of the pit contents shall be removed and disposed under § 78.60(a) and the remaining pit contents and liner shall be removed and creating a business, disposed under § § 78.62 and 78.63 (relating to disposal of art essay, residual waste#151;pits; and disposal of residual waste#151;land application), or the Solid Waste Management Act. (ii) The pit shall be backfilled to the ground surface and graded to on health, promote runoff with no depression that would accumulate or pond water on public the surface. The stability of the backfilled pit shall be compatible with the adjacent land. (iii) The surface of the backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to stabilize the soil surface and comply with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). In Essay. The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective, permanent, vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the art essay surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against essay politician accelerated erosion.

The provisions of this § 78.57 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and public art essay, disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for by difference essay knowing knowledge womens, temporary containment); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.58 (relating to existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids). § 78.58. Existing pits used for the control, storage and disposal of production fluids.

For pits in existence on art essay July 29, 1989, the operator may request approval for essay planning politician, an alternate method of art essay, satisfying the requirements of essay other planning, § 78.57(c)(2)(iii) (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids), the public angle of slope requirements of by difference knowing knowledge power, § 78.57(c)(2)(v) and the liner requirement of § 78.57(c)(2)(vi)#151;(viii) by affirmatively demonstrating to the Department#146;s satisfaction, by art essay the use of monitoring wells or other methods approved by the Department, that the michelle thesis pit is public, impermeable and that the method will provide protection equivalent or superior to that provided by need creating § 78.57. The operator shall request approval under § 78.57(c)(1). The provisions of this § 78.58 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment). The provisions of this § 78.59 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. Art Essay. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (271914). (a) The owner and discuss in essay writing, operator may not cause or allow a discharge of a substance to public, the waters of this Commonwealth unless the discharge complies with this subchapter and Chapters 91#151;93, 95 and 102, The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § § 691.1#151;691.1001) and the act. (b) The owner and operator may not discharge tophole water or water in essays, a pit as a result of precipitation by land application unless the discharge is in accordance with the following requirements: (1) No additives, drilling muds, pollutional materials or drilling fluids other than gases or fresh water have been added to or are contained in the water, unless otherwise approved by the Department.

(2) The pH is not less than 6 nor greater than 9 standard units, or is characteristic of the natural background quality of the public groundwater. (3) The specific conductance of the discharge is less than 1,000 µmHos/cm. (4) There is no sheen from oil and grease. (5) The discharge water shall be spread over an undisturbed, vegetated area capable of need creating plan, absorbing the tophole water and filtering solids in the discharge, and spread in a manner that prevents a direct discharge to art essay, surface waters and in essay, complies with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). (6) Upon completion, the area complies with § 78.53. (7) The area of land application is not within 200 feet of a water supply or within 100 feet of art essay, a stream, body of water or a wetland unless approved as part of a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the act (58 P.S. In Essay. § 601.205(b)). (8) If the water does not meet the public requirements of paragraph (2) or (4), the Department may approve treatment prior to discharge to the land surface. The provisions of this § 78.60 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (271914) to (241905). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to essay planning, control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Art Essay. Code § 78.56 (relating to essay on health and safety at school, pits and tanks for temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Art Essay. Code § 78.62 (relating to discuss in essay, disposal of residual waste#151;pits); and public art essay, 25 Pa.

Code § 78.63 (relating to disposal of michelle thesis, residual waste#151;land application). (a) Drill cuttings from above the casing seat#151;pits. The owner or operator may dispose of drill cuttings from above the casing seat determined in accordance with § 78.83(b) (relating to art essay, surface and discuss, coal protective casing and cementing procedures) in a pit at the well site if the owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The drill cuttings are generated from the public art essay well at the well site. (2) The drill cuttings are not contaminated with pollutional material, including brines, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids or drilling fluids other than tophole water, fresh water or gases. (3) The disposal area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland unless approved as part of a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the act (58 P.S. § 601.205(b)). (4) The disposal area is not within 200 feet of a water supply.

(5) The pit is designed, constructed and maintained to be structurally sound. (6) The free liquid fraction of the waste shall be removed and disposed under § 78.60 (relating to discharge requirements). (7) The pit shall be backfilled to the ground surface and graded to promote runoff with no depression that would accumulate or pond water on the surface. The stability of the backfilled pit shall be compatible with the adjacent land. (8) The surface of the backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to stabilize the and safety soil surface and comply with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and public art essay, sedimentation control). Essay And Safety At School. The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective, permanent, vegetative cover which is public art essay, capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface of the landowner, the essay on health and safety at school surface shall be stabilized against erosion. (b) Drill cuttings from above the public casing seat#151;land application. The owner or operator may dispose of drill cuttings from michelle thesis above the casing seat determined in accordance with § 78.83(b) by land application at the well site if the owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The drill cuttings are generated from the well at the well site. (2) The drill cuttings are not contaminated with pollutional material, including brines, drilling muds, stimulation fluids, well servicing fluids, oil, production fluids or drilling fluids other than tophole water, fresh water or gases. (3) The disposal area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland unless approved as part of a waiver granted by the Department under section 205(b) of the act (58 P.S. § 601.205(b)).

(4) The disposal area is not within 200 feet of a water supply. (5) The soils have a minimum depth from surface to bedrock of 20 inches. (6) The drill cuttings are not spread when saturated, snow covered or frozen ground interferes with incorporation of the drill cuttings into art essay the soil. (7) The drill cuttings are not applied in quantities which will result in runoff or in surface water or groundwater pollution. (8) The free liquid fraction is disposed in accordance with § 78.60. (9) The drill cuttings are spread and essays, incorporated into the soil. (10) The land application area shall be revegetated to stabilize the public soil surface and comply with § 78.53. On Health. The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against public erosion. (c) Drill cuttings from below the casing seat.

After removal of the free liquid fraction and disposal in accordance with § 78.60, drill cuttings from below the casing seat determined in accordance with § 78.83(b) may be disposed of as follows: (1) In a pit that meets the requirements of § 78.62(a)(5)#151;(18) and (b) (relating to knowledge ways womens, disposal of residual waste#151;pits). (2) By land application in public, accordance with § 78.63(a)(5)#151;(20) and (b) (relating to disposal of residual waste#151;land application). (d) The owner or operator may request to use solidifiers, dusting, unlined pits, attenuation or other alternative practices for essays, the disposal of uncontaminated drill cuttings by submitting a request to the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of this section. (e) A pit used for the disposal of public art essay, residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with § 78.62. Land application of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, shall comply with § 78.63.

The provisions of this § 78.61 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Planning Politician. Immediately preceding text appears at art essay serial pages (241905) to (241907). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Writing. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); and 25 Pa. Art Essay. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment). § 78.62. Disposal of residual waste#151;pits. (a) After the removal and disposal of the obama michelle free liquid fraction of the public waste under § 78.60(a) (relating to discharge requirements), the owner or operator may dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, in a pit at the well site if the other planning politician owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The waste is generated by the drilling or production of an oil or gas well that is located on the well site where the waste is disposed. (2) The well is permitted under section 201 of the act (58 P.S. § 601.201) or registered under section 203 of the art essay act (58 P.S. Knowing Knowledge Ways Womens. § 601.203). (3) The requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P.S. § 601.215) are satisfied by filing a surety or collateral bond for wells drilled on or after April 18, 1985. (4) Compliance is maintained with the act and this title.

(5) The disposal area is not within 200 feet measured horizontally from an public art essay, existing building, unless the politician current owner thereof has provided a written waiver consenting to the disposal closer than 200 feet. The waiver shall be knowingly made and separate from a lease or deed unless the lease or deed contains an explicit waiver from the current owner. (6) The disposal area is art essay, not within 100 feet of inspired power ways, a stream, body of water or wetland. (7) The disposal area is not within 200 feet of a water supply. (8) The bottom of the pit is a minimum of 20 inches above the public seasonal high groundwater table. (9) The pit is designed, constructed and maintained to be structurally sound and by difference essay, impermeable.

(10) The pit is lined with a synthetic flexible liner that is art essay, compatible with the waste and need help plan, has a coefficient of permeability of public art essay, no greater than 1 x 10 -7 cm/sec. The liner shall be of wpp fellowship essays, sufficient strength and thickness to maintain the public integrity of the by difference essay inspired power womens liner. The liner thickness shall be at least 30 mils. Public Art Essay. Adjoining sections of by difference knowing power womens, liners shall be sealed together in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s directions to prevent leakage. Public. The operator may use an alternate liner or natural materials, if the material and the installation procedure to be used are approved by the Department. Notice of the approved liners and wpp fellowship, installation procedures will be published by the Department in art essay, the Pennsylvania Bulletin . (11) The liner shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that the physical and chemical characteristics of the liner are not adversely affected by the waste and the liner is resistant to physical, chemical and other failure during transportation, handling, installation and use. Liner compatibility shall satisfy EPA Method 9090, Compatibility Test for Wastes and Membrane Liners , or other documented data approved by the Department. (12) The pit shall be constructed so that the liner subbase is smooth, uniform and free of debris, rock and other material that may puncture, tear, cut, rip or otherwise cause the discuss in essay writing liner to fail.

The liner subbase and subgrade shall be capable of bearing the public weight of the material above the liner without settling. If the pit bottom or sides consist of need help a business plan, rock, shale or other material that may cause the art essay liner to fail and leak, a subbase of at least 6 inches of soil, sand or smooth gravel, or sufficient amount of an equivalent material shall be installed over the area as the subbase for the liner. (13) Prior to placing material in the pit, the essay other politician liner shall be inspected for lack of uniformity, damage and public art essay, other imperfections that may cause the liner to leak. The owner or operator shall correct damages or imperfections before placing waste in the pit, and shall maintain the pit until closure of the pit. (14) Prior to encapsulating the waste within the liner, the in essay writing free liquid fraction of the waste shall be removed and disposed under § 78.60(a). (15) The liner shall be folded over, or an additional liner shall be added, to art essay, completely cover the waste and need creating a business plan, the waste is shaped so that water does not infiltrate the public art essay liner and wpp fellowship, is not confined above the liner.

(16) Puncturing or perforating the liner is public, prohibited. (17) The pit shall be backfilled to at least 18 inches over the top of the liner and essay politician, graded to public art essay, promote runoff with no depressions that would accumulate or pond water on the surface. The stability of the by difference essay inspired power womens backfilled pit shall be compatible with the public art essay adjacent land. (18) The surface area of the backfilled pit area shall be revegetated to in essay, stabilize the soil surface and comply with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and plant succession. Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against erosion. (b) A person may not dispose of art essay, residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at wpp fellowship the well site unless the waste meets the following requirements: (1) The concentration of contaminants in public art essay, the leachate from the politician waste does not exceed 50#037; of the maximum concentration in § 261.24 Table I (relating to characteristic of toxicity). (2) The concentration of contaminants in the leachate from the waste does not exceed 50 times the primary maximum contaminant level in public, effect under § 109.202 (relating to State MCLs, MRDLs and treatment technique requirements).

(3) For other health related contaminants, the creating plan concentration of contaminants in the leachate from the waste does not exceed 50 times the safe drinking water level established by the Department. (4) Leachate characteristics are determined in accordance with methods approved by the Department. (c) The owner or operator may request to use solidifiers or other alternate practices for art essay, the disposal of essay other planning, residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, by submitting a request to the Department for public art essay, approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of essay power womens, this section. The provisions of this § 78.62 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Art Essay. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241907) to wpp fellowship, (241909). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Public. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for thesis, temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to control, storage and disposal of production fluids); and public, 25 Pa. Discuss In Essay Writing. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings). § 78.63. Disposal of residual waste#151;land application.

(a) The owner or operator may dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at the well site by land application of the art essay waste if the other owner or operator satisfies the following requirements: (1) The waste is generated by the drilling or production of an oil or gas well that is public art essay, located on the well side. (2) The well is permitted under section 201 of the act (58 P.S. Essay Other Planning Politician. § 601.201) or registered under section 203 of the public act (58 P.S. § 601.215). (3) The requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215) are satisfied by filing a surety or collateral bond for obama thesis, wells drilled on art essay or after April 18, 1985. (4) Compliance with the act and this title is maintained. (5) The owner or operator shall notify the Department at least 3 working days before the michelle thesis land application activity is to occur. (6) The waste application area is not within 200 feet measured horizontally from an existing building, unless the current owner thereof has provided a written waiver consenting to the application closer than 200 feet. The waiver shall be knowingly made and separate from a lease or deed, unless the lease or deed contains an explicit waiver from the current owner.

(7) The waste application area is not within 100 feet of a stream, body of water or wetland. (8) The waste application area is not within 200 feet of a water supply and is not within 1,000 feet upgradient from an uncased well or spring being used as a water supply. (9) At a minimum, the seasonal high groundwater table is art essay, 20 inches from the surface. (10) The soils located within and immediately adjacent to the application area shall fall within the United States Department of Agriculture textural classes of sandy loam, loam, sandy clay loam, silty clay loam or silt loam. (11) The soils have a minimum depth from surface to bedrock of 20 inches. (12) Ground slopes to be utilized for waste applications do not exceed 25#037;. (13) The waste is need, not spread when the ground is saturated, or when snow or frozen ground would interfere with incorporation of the waste into public art essay the soil. (14) Prior to land application of the waste, the wpp fellowship essays free liquid fraction of the waste is art essay, removed and disposed under § 78.60(a) (relating to discharge requirements).

(15) The waste is not applied in quantities which will result in surface or groundwater pollution. (16) The waste is not applied in quantities that will adversely affect the essays intended use of the vegetation. (17) The waste is spread and incorporated into the top layer of the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. (18) The loading and application rate of waste is art essay, consistent with the Departmental guidelines for the proposed operation and may not exceed a maximum waste to soil ratio of 1:1. (19) To determine compliance with this section, the Department may require the owner or operator to conduct soil surveys, monitoring or chemical analysis. (20) The land application area shall be revegetated to help a business plan, stabilize the soil surface and comply with § 78.53 (relating to erosion and sedimentation control). The revegetation shall establish a diverse, effective permanent vegetative cover which is capable of self-regeneration and plant succession.

Where vegetation would interfere with the intended use of the surface by the landowner, the surface shall be stabilized against erosion. (21) If a chemical analysis fails to show compliance with paragraph (18), the owner or operator shall remediate the public land application area until compliance is demonstrated. (b) A person may not dispose of residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, at the well site unless the concentration of contaminants in the leachate from the wpp fellowship essays waste does not exceed the maximum concentration stated in § 261.24 Table I (relating to characteristic of toxicity). (c) The owner or operator may request to public art essay, dispose of obama michelle, residual waste, including contaminated drill cuttings, in an alternate manner from that required in public, subsection (a) by submitting a request to the Department for approval. The request shall be made on forms provided by the Department and wpp fellowship essays, shall demonstrate that the practice provides equivalent or superior protection to the requirements of this section. The provisions of public art essay, this § 78.63 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Obama Michelle. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241909) to (241911). This section cited in 25 Pa. Public Art Essay. Code § 78.54 (relating to general requirements); 25 Pa. Creating. Code § 78.55 (relating to control and disposal planning); 25 Pa. Code § 78.56 (relating to pits and tanks for temporary containment); 25 Pa. Code § 78.57 (relating to public, control, storage and disposal of creating plan, production fluids); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.61 (relating to public, disposal of drill cuttings). § 78.64. Containment around oil tanks. (a) If an owner or operator uses a tank with a capacity of at least 660 gallons or tanks with a combined capacity of at least 1,320 gallons to contain oil produced from a well, the owner or operator shall construct and maintain a dike or other method of secondary containment which satisfies the requirements under 40 CFR 112 (relating to oil pollution prevention) around the tank or tanks which will prevent the tank contents from entering waters of planning, this Commonwealth. (b) The containment area provided by the dikes or other method of secondary containment shall have containment capacity sufficient to public art essay, hold the volume of the largest single tank, plus a reasonable allowance for precipitation based on local weather conditions and facility operation.

(c) Prior to drainage of accumulated precipitation from essay planning politician containment structures, the containment area shall be inspected and accumulations of art essay, oil picked up and obama michelle thesis, returned to the tank or disposed of in accordance with approved methods. (d) After complying with subsection (c), drainage of containment facilities is acceptable if: (1) The accumulation in the containment facility consists of only precipitation directly to the containment facility and drainage will not cause a harmful discharge or result in a sheen. (2) The containment drain valve is art essay, opened and resealed, or other drainage procedure, as applicable, is conducted under responsible supervision. The provisions of michelle, this § 78.64 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. In addition to complying with section 206 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.206), an owner or operator shall meet the following requirements: (1) A drill hole or bore hole used to facilitate the drilling of a well shall be filled with cement, soil, drill cuttings or other earthen material before moving the drilling equipment from the well site. (2) If a well site is constructed and the well is not drilled, the well site shall be restored within 30 days after the expiration of the well permit unless the Department approves an extension for public, reasons of adverse weather or lack of help a business, essential fuel, equipment or labor. (3) Within 60 days after the restoration of the well site, the operator shall submit a well site restoration report to the Department. The report shall be made on forms provided by the Department and shall identify the following: (i) The date of public, land application of the tophole water, the results of pH and in essay writing, specific conductance tests and an estimated volume of discharge. (ii) A description of the method used for disposal or reuse of the free liquid fraction of the art essay waste, and wpp fellowship, the name of the hauler and disposal facility, if any. (iii) The location of the pit in relation to the well, the depth of the pit, the type and thickness of the art essay material used for the pit subbase, the type and thickness of the pit liner, the type and nature of the waste, a description of the pit closure procedures used and the pit dimensions.

(iv) The location of the area used for land application of the waste, and the results of a chemical analysis of the waste soil mixture if requested by the Department. (v) The types and volumes of waste produced and wpp fellowship, the name and address of the waste disposal facility and waste hauler used to dispose of the waste. The provisions of this § 78.65 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. (a) A release of art essay, a substance causing or threatening pollution of the waters of this Commonwealth, shall comply with the reporting and corrective action requirements of § 91.33 (relating to incidents causing or threatening pollution). (b) If a reportable release of brine on or into on health and safety at school the ground occurs at the well site, the art essay owner or operator shall notify the appropriate regional office of the Department as soon as practicable, but no later than 2 hours after detecting or discovering the release. (c) The notice required by subsection (b) shall be by essay other planning telephone and describe: (1) The name, address and telephone number of the company and person reporting the incident. (2) The date and time of the incident or when it was detected. (3) The location and public, cause of the incident. (4) The quantity of the brine released. (5) Available information concerning the contamination of surface water, groundwater or soil.

(6) Remedial actions planned, initiated or completed. (d) If, because of an accident, an amount of brine less than the reportable amount as described in § 78.1 (relating to definitions), spills, leaks or escapes, that incident does not have to be reported. (e) Upon the occurrence of any release, the essays owner or operator shall take necessary corrective actions to: (1) Prevent the substance from reaching the waters of this Commonwealth. (2) Recover or remove the art essay substance which was released. (3) Dispose of the substance in accordance with this subchapter or as approved by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.66 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Subchapter D. WELL DRILLING, OPERATION AND.

78.71. Essay On Health. Use of safety devices#151;well casing. 78.72. Use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment. 78.73. General provision for well construction and operation. 78.75a. Area of alternative methods. 78.76. Art Essay. Drilling within a gas storage reservoir area.

78.77. Wells in a hydrogen sulfide area. 78.78 Pillar permit applications. 78.82. Use of conductor pipe. 78.83. Surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures. 78.83a. Casing and discuss, cementing plan. 78.83b. Casing and cementing#151;lost circulation.

78.83c. Intermediate and public art essay, production casing. 78.86. Defective casing or cementing. 78.87 Gas storage reservoir protective casing and cementing procedures. 78.88. Mechanical integrity of thesis, operating wells. 78.89.

Gas migration response. 78.92. Public. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is essay other planning politician, cemented. 78.93. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement. 78.94. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present.

78.95. Wells in art essay, noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented. 78.96. Marking the location of a plugged well. 78.97. Plugging a well stimulated with explosives. 78.98. Restricting surface water from the well bore. 78.102.

Criteria for approval of inactive status. 78.103. Discuss. Annual monitoring of inactive wells. 78.104. Public Art Essay. Term of inactive status. 78.105. Revocation of in essay writing, inactive status. This subchapter cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.401 (relating to public art essay, storage well construction). § 78.71.

Use of safety devices#151;well casing. (a) The operator shall equip the well with one or more strings of casing of michelle, sufficient cemented length and strength to attach proper well control equipment and prevent blowouts, explosions, fires and public art essay, casing failures during installation, completion and operation. (b) The operator shall determine the amount and type of casing to be run and the amount and type of cement to be used in accordance with current prudent industry practices and engineering. In making the by difference essay inspired knowledge power determinations, the operator shall consider the following: (1) Successful local practices for similar wells. (2) Maximum anticipated surface pressure. (3) Collapse resistance. (4) Tensile strength.

(5) Chemical environment. (6) Potential mechanical damage. (7) Manufacturing standards, including American Petroleum Institute or equivalent specifications for public art essay, pipe used in obama michelle thesis, wells drilled below the Onondaga formation or where blow-out preventers are required. The provisions of this § 78.71 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276323). § 78.72. Use of safety devices#151;blow-out prevention equipment.

(a) The operator shall use blow-out prevention equipment after setting casing with a competent casing seat in art essay, the following circumstances: (1) When drilling out solid core hydraulic fracturing plugs to complete a well. (2) When well head pressures or natural open flows are anticipated at the well site that may result in a loss of well control. (3) When the operator is drilling in an area where there is no prior knowledge of the pressures or natural open flows to michelle thesis, be encountered. (4) On wells regulated by the Oil and public art essay, Gas Conservation Law (58 P.S. § § 401#151;419). (5) When drilling within 200 feet of a building. (b) Blow-out prevention equipment used must be in good working condition at all times. (c) Controls for the blow-out preventer shall be accessible to allow actuation of the equipment. Additional controls for a blow-out preventer with a pressure rating of greater than 3,000 psi, not associated with the rig hydraulic system, shall be located at least 50 feet away from the drilling rig so that the blow-out preventer can be actuated if control of the well is lost.

(d) The operator shall use pipe fittings, valves and unions placed on or connected to the blow-out prevention systems that have a working pressure capability that exceeds the and safety at school anticipated pressures. (e) The operator shall conduct a complete test of the ram type blow-out preventer and related equipment for both pressure and art essay, ram operation before placing it in service on the well. The operator shall test the annular type blow-out preventer in accordance with the manufacturer#146;s published instructions, or the discuss writing instructions of a professional engineer, prior to the device being placed in service. Blow-out prevention equipment that fails the test may not be used until it is repaired and art essay, passes the test. (f) When the equipment is in service, the operator shall visually inspect blow-out prevention equipment during each tour of drilling operation and during actual drilling operations test the pipe rams for closure daily and the blind rams for closure on each round trip. When more than one round trip is essay other planning, made in a day, one daily closure test for blind rams is sufficient. Testing shall be conducted in accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication API RP53, #145;#145;API Recommended Practice for Blowout Prevention Equipment Systems for Drilling Wells,#146;#146; or other procedure approved by the Department. The operator shall record the results of the inspection and public, closure test in the drillers log before the end of the tour. If blow-out prevention equipment is not in good working order, drilling shall cease when cessation of drilling can be accomplished safely and not resume until the blow-out prevention equipment is repaired or replaced and retested. (g) All lines, valves and fittings between the closing unit and the blow-out preventer stack must be flame resistant and have a rated working pressure that meets or exceeds the requirements of the and safety at school blow-out preventer system. (h) When a blowout preventer is installed or required under subsection (a), there shall be present on the well site an art essay, individual with a current certification from a well control course accredited by the International Association of Drilling Contractors or other organization approved by the Department.

The certification shall be available for review at michelle the well site. The Department will maintain a list of approved accrediting organizations on its web site. (i) Well drilling and completion operations requiring pressure barriers, as identified by the operator under § 78.55(b) (relating to control and disposal plan), shall employ at art essay least two mechanical pressure barriers between the open producing formation and the atmosphere that are capable of being tested. The mechanical pressure barriers shall be tested according to manufacturer specifications prior to operation. Essay Other Politician. If during the art essay course of operations the operator only has one functioning barrier, operations must cease until additional barriers are added and tested or the redundant barrier is repaired and tested. Stripper rubber or a stripper head may not be considered a barrier. (j) The minimum amount of intermediate casing that is cemented to the surface to which blow-out prevention equipment may be attached, shall be in accordance with the following: (k) Upon completion of the drilling operations at in essay a well, the operator shall install and utilize equipment, such as a shut-off valve of sufficient rating to contain anticipated pressure, lubricator or similar device, as may be necessary to public art essay, enable the need well to be effectively shut-in while logging and servicing the public well and after completion of the well. The provisions of this § 78a.72 amended under 58 Pa.C.S. § § 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. Essay Other Politician. § 691.5); section 105 of the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § 6018.105); section 5 of the Dam Safety and art essay, Encroachments Act (32 P.S. § 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. § 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the essay Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. § § 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. § 1003); section 13.2 of the public act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. § 1741.1-E); and sections 1917-A and wpp fellowship essays, 1920-A of art essay, The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-17 and 510-20). The provisions of this § 78.72 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431. Need Help Creating. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (355529) to art essay, (355531). § 78.73. General provision for well construction and operation.

(a) The operator shall construct and operate the well in accordance with this chapter and discuss writing, ensure that the public integrity of the well is maintained and health, safety, environment and property are protected. (b) The operator shall prevent gas, oil, brine, completion and and safety, servicing fluids, and any other fluids or materials from public below the essay on health and safety casing seat from entering fresh groundwater, and shall otherwise prevent pollution or diminution of fresh groundwater. (c) After a well has been completed, recompleted, reconditioned or altered the operator shall prevent surface shut-in pressure and surface producing back pressure inside the surface casing or coal protective casing from exceeding the following pressure: 80#037; multiplied by 0.433 psi per foot multiplied by the casing length (in feet) of the public art essay applicable casing. (d) After a well has been completed, recompleted, reconditioned or altered, if the surface shut-in pressure or surface producing back pressure exceeds the essay and safety at school pressure as calculated in subsection (c), the public art essay operator shall take action to prevent the wpp fellowship essays migration of gas and other fluids from lower formations into fresh groundwater. To meet this standard the operator may cement or install on a packer sufficient intermediate or production casing or take other actions approved by the Department. Public. This section does not apply during testing for mechanical integrity in accordance with State or Federal requirements. (e) Excess gas encountered during drilling, completion or stimulation shall be flared, captured or diverted away from the michelle thesis drilling rig in a manner that does not create a hazard to the public health or safety. (f) Except for gas storage wells, the well must be equipped with a check valve to public art essay, prevent backflow from the pipelines into the well.

The provisions of this § 78.73 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at by difference essay inspired knowing womens serial pages (276324) to public art essay, (276325). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.83 (relating to essay planning, surface and public art essay, coal protective casing and cementing procedures); 25 Pa. Code § 78.83b (relating to casing and cementing#151;lost circulation); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.88 (relating to mechanical integrity of operating wells). The venting of essay on health and safety, gas to the atmosphere from a well is prohibited when the venting produces a hazard to the public health and safety.

The provisions of this § 78.74 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. (a) A well operator may request approval from the Department to use an public art essay, alternative method or material for the casing, plugging or equipping of a well under section 211 of the act (58 P.S. § 601.211). (b) A well operator seeking approval under this section shall file an application with the Department on forms furnished by the Department. The application shall: (1) Describe the proposed alternative method or material, in reasonable detail.

(2) Indicate the manner in which the alternative will satisfy the michelle goals of the act and this chapter. (3) Include a drawing or schematic of the art essay alternative method, if appropriate. (c) The well operator shall notify all coal owners and operators and help creating plan, gas storage operators of record of the proposal, by certified mail. The well operator shall state in the application that he has sent the certified mail notice to public art essay, the coal owners and operators and gas storage operators of need creating plan, record, either simultaneously with or prior to submitting the proposal to the Department. (d) The coal owners and public, operators and gas storage operators of record shall have up to 15 days from discuss in essay writing their receipt of the notice to file objections or to indicate concurrence with the proposed alternative method or material. (e) If no objections are filed within 15 days from receipt of the notice, and if none are raised by the Department, the Department will make a determination whether to allow the use of the proposed alternative method or material.

The provisions of this § 78.75 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Public Art Essay. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241916) to (241917). This section cited in obama michelle, 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.83 (relating to surface and coal protective casing and public art essay, cementing procedures); 25 Pa. Code § 78.87 (relating to gas storage reservoir protective casing and essays, cementing procedures); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.401 (relating to storage well construction). § 78.75a. Area of alternative methods. (a) The Department may designate an area of alternative methods if the Department determines that well drilling requirements beyond those provided in this chapter are necessary to drill, operate or plug a well in a safe and environmentally protective manner. (b) To establish an area of alternative methods, the Department will publish a notice in public art essay, the Pennsylvania Bulletin of the proposed area of alternative methods and provide the public with an opportunity to comment on the proposal. Politician. After reviewing any comments received on the proposal, the public Department will publish a final designation of the area and required alternative methods in the Pennsylvania Bulletin . (c) Wells drilled within an area of alternative methods established under subsection (b) must meet the requirements specified by the Department unless the need plan operator obtains approval from the Department to drill, operate or plug the well in a different manner that is at least as safe and protective of the environment as the public requirements of the by difference essay inspired knowing knowledge area of alternative methods. The provisions of this § 78.75a adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. § 78.76. Drilling within a gas storage reservoir area. (a) An operator proposing to drill a well within a gas storage reservoir area or a reservoir protective area to public art essay, produce gas or oil shall forward by certified mail a copy of the well location plat, the drilling, casing and cementing plan and the anticipated date drilling will commence to michelle thesis, the gas storage reservoir operator and to the Department for approval by the Department and public, shall submit proof of essays, notification to the gas storage reservoir operator to the Department with the well permit application.

(b) The storage operator may file an objection with the Department to the drilling, casing and cementing plan or the proposed well location within 15 days of receipt of the notification and request a conference in public, accordance with section 501 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.501). The provisions of this § 78.76 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Need Help. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276326). § 78.77. Wells in a hydrogen sulfide area. (a) An operator proposing to drill a well within a 1-mile radius of a well drilled to public, or through the same formation where hydrogen sulfide has been found while drilling shall install monitoring equipment during drilling at the well site to detect the presence of thesis, hydrogen sulfide in accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication RP49, #145;#145;Recommended Practices for Safe Drilling of Wells Containing Hydrogen Sulfide.#146;#146; (b) When hydrogen sulfide is detected in concentrations of 20 ppm or greater, the well shall be drilled in accordance with American Petroleum Institute publication API RP49, #145;#145;Recommended Practices for Safe Drilling of Wells Containing Hydrogen Sulfide.#146;#146; (c) An operator who operates a well in which hydrogen sulfide is discovered in concentrations of public, 20 ppm or greater shall operate the well in a way that presents no danger to human health or to the environment. (d) When an operator discovers hydrogen sulfide in concentrations of 20 ppm or greater during the michelle drilling of art essay, a well, the operator shall notify the Department and identify the location of the well and the concentration of hydrogen sulfide detected. Inspired Knowing Knowledge. The Department will maintain a list of all notices that will be available to operators for their reference. The provisions of this § 78.77 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Public Art Essay. 6284.

(a) The Department will use recommendations for coal pillar size and configuration set forth in the coal pillar study, listed in the Department#146;s Coal Pillar Technical Guidance Number 550-2100-006 (October 31, 1998) and any updates or revisions, as a basis for approval or disapproval of coal pillar permit applications submitted by underground coal mine operators. (b) Where proposed coal pillar size and configuration does not conform to the recommendations of the coal pillar study referenced in subsection (a), the underground coal mine operator may request Department approval for an alternate coal pillar size and configuration. The provisions of this § 78.78 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. Other Planning. 1736. (a) The operator shall conduct casing and public art essay, cementing activities under this section and § § 78.82#151;78.87 or an essay knowledge power ways womens, approved alternate method under § 78.75 (relating to alternative methods). The operator shall case and cement a well to accomplish the following: (1) Allow effective control of the public well at all times. (2) Prevent the essay other planning politician migration of gas or other fluids into sources of fresh groundwater. (3) Prevent pollution or diminution of fresh groundwater.

(4) Prevent the migration of gas or other fluids into coal seams. (b) The operator shall drill through fresh groundwater zones with diligence and public, as efficiently as practical to minimize drilling disturbance and commingling of groundwaters. The provisions of this § 78.81 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276327) to (276328). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for obama thesis, approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). If the operator installs conductor pipe in the well, the following provisions apply: (1) The operator may not remove the pipe; (2) Conductor pipe shall be installed in a manner that prevents the art essay subsurface infiltration of surface water or fluids by either driving the pipe into place or cementing the pipe from the seat to the surface; (3) Conductor pipe must be made of steel unless a different material is approved for use by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.82 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276328). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa.

Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of wpp fellowship essays, inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). § 78.83. Surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures. (a) For wells drilled, altered, reconditioned or recompleted after February 5, 2011, surface casing or any casing functioning as a water protection casing may not be utilized as production casing unless one of the following applies: (1) In oil wells where the operator does not produce any gas generated by the well and public art essay, the annulus between the surface casing and the production pipe is left open. (2) The operator demonstrates that the pressure in the well is help creating a business, no greater than the pressure permitted under 78.73(c) (relating to art essay, general provision for well construction and planning politician, operation), demonstrates through a pressure test or other method approved by the Department that all gas and fluids will be contained within the public well, and installs a working pressure gauge that can be inspected by obama thesis the Department.

(b) If the well is to be equipped with threaded and coupled casing, the operator shall drill a hole so that the art essay diameter is at least 1 inch greater than the writing outside diameter of the casing collar to be installed. Public Art Essay. If the well is to be equipped with plain-end welded casing, the operator shall drill a hole so that the diameter is at least 1 inch greater than the outside diameter of the casing coupling. (c) The operator shall drill to approximately 50 feet below the deepest fresh groundwater or at wpp fellowship least 50 feet into consolidated rock, whichever is deeper, and immediately set and permanently cement a string of surface casing to that depth. Except as provided in public art essay, subsection (f), the surface casing may not be set more than 200 feet below the deepest fresh groundwater except if necessary to help a business plan, set the casing in consolidated rock. The surface hole shall be drilled using air, freshwater, or freshwater-based drilling fluid. Prior to cementing, the wellbore shall be conditioned to ensure an art essay, adequate cement bond between the casing and the formation. The surface casing seat shall be set in consolidated rock.

When drilling a new well or redrilling an existing well, the operator shall install at essay inspired knowing least one centralizer within 50 feet of the casing seat and then install a centralizer in intervals no greater than every 150 feet above the first centralizer. (d) The operator shall permanently cement the surface casing by public art essay placing the on health cement in the casing and art essay, displacing it into the annular space between the wall of the hole and the outside of the essay and safety at school casing. (e) Where potential oil or gas zones are anticipated to be found at depths within 50 feet below the deepest fresh groundwater, the operator shall set and public art essay, permanently cement surface casing prior to drilling into a stratum known to essay other planning politician, contain, or likely containing, oil or gas. (f) If additional fresh groundwater is art essay, encountered in by difference essay inspired knowing knowledge ways, drilling below the permanently cemented surface casing, the public operator shall document the depth of the fresh ground water zone in the well record and protect the additional fresh groundwater by installing and cementing a subsequent string of casing or other procedures approved by the Department to essay planning politician, completely isolate and public art essay, protect fresh groundwater. The string of casing may also penetrate zones bearing salty or brackish water with cement in the annular space being used to segregate the various zones. Sufficient cement shall be used to essay inspired knowledge power womens, cement the casing to the surface. Public Art Essay. The operator shall install at least one centralizer within 50 feet of the thesis casing seat and then install a centralizer in art essay, intervals no greater than, if possible, every 150 feet above the first centralizer. (g) The operator shall set and cement a coal protective string of casing through workable coal seams. The base of the coal protective casing shall be at in essay least 30 feet below the lowest workable coal seam.

The operator shall install at least two centralizers. Art Essay. One centralizer shall be within 50 feet of the casing seat and the second centralizer shall be within 100 feet of the surface. (h) Unless an alternative method has been approved by the Department in accordance with § 78.75 (relating to alternative methods), when a well is drilled through a coal seam at politician a location where the coal has been removed or when a well is public, drilled through a coal pillar, the operator shall drill to a depth of at least 30 feet but no more than 50 feet deeper than the bottom of the coal seam. Discuss In Essay. The operator shall set and cement a coal protection string of casing to this depth. Public Art Essay. The operator shall equip the casing with a cement basket or other similar device above and as close to the top of the obama michelle coal seam as practical. The bottom of the casing must be equipped with an appropriate device designed to prevent deformation of the bottom of the casing. The interval from the bottom of the casing to the bottom of the public art essay coal seam shall be filled with cement either by essays the balance method or by the displacement method. Cement shall be placed on top of the basket between the wall of the hole and the outside of the casing by public art essay pumping from the surface.

If the operator penetrates more than one coal seam from which the coal has been removed, the operator shall protect each seam with a separate string of casing that is set and thesis, cemented or with a single string of casing which is stage cemented so that each coal seam is protected as described in this subsection. The operator shall cement the well to isolate workable coal seams from each other. (i) If the operator sets and cements casing under subsection (g) or (h) and public art essay, subsequently encounters additional fresh groundwater zones below the deepest cemented casing string installed, the operator shall protect the fresh groundwater by installing and cementing another string of casing or other method approved by the Department. Sufficient cement shall be used to cement the casing to the surface. The additional casing string may also penetrate zones bearing brackish or salt water, but shall be run and cemented prior to penetrating a zone known to or likely to planning, contain oil or gas.

The operator shall install at least one centralizer within 50 feet of the casing seat and then, if possible, install a centralizer in intervals no greater than every 150 feet above the public art essay first centralizer. (j) If it is anticipated that cement used to permanently cement the surface casing cannot be circulated to on health and safety, the surface a cement basket may be installed immediately above the depth of the anticipated lost circulation zone. The casing shall be permanently cemented by the displacement method. Additional cement may be added above the cement basket, if necessary, by art essay pumping through a pour string from the surface to fill the annular space. Filling the annular space by this method does not constitute permanently cementing the surface or coal protective casing under § 78.83b (relating to essay on health and safety, casing and cementing-lost circulation). The provisions of this § 78.83 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276328) to (276330). This section cited in 25 Pa. Art Essay. Code § 78.61 (relating to disposal of drill cuttings); 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to wpp fellowship essays, general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.83c (relating to intermediate and production casing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and public, 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of discuss, inactive wells). (a) The operator shall prepare and maintain a casing and cementing plan showing how the well will be drilled and completed.

The plan must demonstrate compliance with this subchapter and include the following information: (1) The anticipated depth and art essay, thickness of discuss writing, any producing formation, expected pressures, anticipated fresh groundwater zones and the method or information by which the depth of the deepest fresh groundwater was determined. (2) The diameter of the borehole. (3) Casing type, whether the casing is new or used, depth, diameter, wall thickness and burst pressure rating. (4) Cement type, yield, additives and estimated amount. (5) The estimated location of centralizers.

(6) The proposed borehole conditioning procedures. (7) Alternative methods or materials as required by the Department as a condition of the public art essay well permit. (b) The plan shall be available at the well site for review by the Department. (c) Upon request, the operator shall provide a copy of the well-specific casing and cementing plan to the Department for review and approval. (d) Revisions to the plan made as a result of onsite modification shall be documented in the plan and help creating plan, be available for review by the Department. The person making the revisions to public, the plan shall initial and date the revisions.

The provisions of this § 78.83a adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. § 78.83b. Casing and cementing#151;lost circulation. (a) If cement used to permanently cement the surface or coal protective casing is not circulated to wpp fellowship essays, the surface despite pumping a volume of cement equal to or greater than 120#037; of the calculated annular space, the operator shall determine the top of the cement, notify the Department, and meet one of the following requirements as approved by the Department: (1) Run an additional string of casing at least 50 feet deeper than the string where circulation was lost and cement the additional string of casing back to the seat of the string where circulation was lost and vent the annulus of the additional casing string to the atmosphere at all times unless closed for public, well testing or maintenance. Essays. Shut-in pressure on the casing seat of the additional string of casing may not exceed the requirements of § 78.73(c) (relating to public art essay, intermediate and production casing).

(2) Run production casing and set the production casing on by difference essay knowledge power ways womens a packer in a competent formation below the public art essay string where circulation was lost and vent the annulus of the production casing to the atmosphere at all times unless closed for well testing or maintenance. (3) Run production casing at least to in essay writing, the top of the formation that is being produced and cement the production casing to public, the surface. (4) Run intermediate and and safety at school, production casing and cement both strings of casing to the surface. (5) Produce oil but not gas and leave the annulus between the surface casing and the production pipe open. (b) In addition to meeting the requirements of subsection (a), the public art essay operator may also pump additional cement through a pour string from the surface to fill the annular space. The provisions of this § 78.83b adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.83 (relating to surface and michelle thesis, coal protective casing and cementing procedures). § 78.83c. Intermediate and production casing. (a) Prior to cementing the intermediate and production casing, the borehole, mud and cement shall be conditioned to ensure an adequate cement bond between the casing and the formation. (b) If the well is to be equipped with an intermediate casing, centralizers shall be used and public, the casing shall be cemented to the surface by other planning politician the displacement method.

Gas may be produced off the art essay intermediate casing if a shoe test demonstrates that all gas will be contained within the well and a relief valve is installed at the surface that is set less than the shoe test pressure. The shoe test pressure shall be recorded in the completion report. (c) Except as provided in § 78.83 (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedures), each well must be equipped with production casing. The production string may be set on a packer or cemented in place. If the need creating production casing is cemented in public, place, centralizers shall be used and obama, cement shall be placed by the displacement method with sufficient cement to fill the annular space to a point at least 500 feet above true vertical depth or at least 200 feet above the uppermost perforations, whichever is greater.

The provisions of this § 78.83c adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. (a) The operator shall install casing that can withstand the effects of tension, and prevent leaks, burst and collapse during its installation, cementing and subsequent drilling and art essay, producing operations. (b) Except as provided in subsection (c), all casing must be a string of new pipe with an internal pressure rating that is at least 20#037; greater than the anticipated maximum pressure to in essay, which the casing will be exposed. (c) Used casing may be approved for use as surface, intermediate or production casing but shall be pressure tested after cementing and before continuation of drilling. A passing pressure test is holding the anticipated maximum pressure to public, which it will be exposed for 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease in essay, pressure. (d) New or used plain end casing, except when being used as conductor pipe, that is public, welded together for use must meet the following requirements: (1) The casing must pass a pressure test by holding the anticipated maximum pressure to which the thesis casing will be exposed for public, 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease in pressure. The operator shall notify the Department at least 24 hours before conducting the test. Essays. The test results shall be entered on the drilling log. (2) The casing shall be welded using at least three passes with the joint cleaned between each pass. (3) The casing shall be welded by public a person trained and certified in the applicable American Petroleum Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Welding Society or equivalent standard for welding casing and pipe or an and safety, equivalent training and certification program as approved by the Department.

The certification requirements of this paragraph shall take effect August 5, 2011. A person with 10 or more years of public art essay, experience welding casing as of by difference knowing power, February 5, 2011, who registers with the art essay Department by November 7, 2011, is deemed to be certified. (e) When casing through a workable coal seam, the operator shall install coal protective casing that has a minimum wall thickness of wpp fellowship essays, 0.23 inch. (f) Casing which is attached to a blow-out preventer with a pressure rating of public, greater than 3,000 psi shall be pressure tested after cementing. A passing pressure test must be holding the and safety anticipated maximum pressure to which the art essay casing will be exposed for 30 minutes with not more than a 10#037; decrease. Certification of the pressure test shall be confirmed by entry and signature of the person performing the test on the driller#146;s log. The provisions of on health and safety, this § 78.84 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Art Essay. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Wpp Fellowship. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (276330). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Public. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). (a) When cementing surface casing or coal protective casing, the operator shall use cement that meets or exceeds the ASTM International C 150, Type I, II or III Standard or API Specification 10. The cement must also: (1) Secure the help creating a business casing in the wellbore. (2) Isolate the wellbore from art essay fresh groundwater. (3) Contain any pressure from drilling, completion and production. (4) Protect the casing from corrosion from, and degradation by, the need creating plan geochemical, lithologic and physical conditions of the surrounding wellbore. For wells employing coal protective casing, this includes, but is not limited to, formulating cement to withstand elevated sulfate concentrations and other geochemical constituents of coal and public art essay, associated strata which have the potential to at school, adversely affect the integrity of the cement.

(5) Prevent gas flow in the annulus. In areas of known shallow gas producing zones, gas block additives and low fluid loss slurries shall be used. (b) After the casing cement is placed behind surface casing, the operator shall permit the cement to public, set to a minimum designed compressive strength of 350 pounds per square inch (psi) at the casing seat. Wpp Fellowship Essays. The cement placed at the bottom 300 feet of the surface casing must constitute a zone of critical cement and achieve a 72-hour compressive strength of 1,200 psi and the free water separation may be no more than 6 milliliters per 250 milliliters of cement. If the public art essay surface casing is less than 300 feet, the need help a business plan entire cemented string constitutes a zone of critical cement. (c) After any casing cement is placed and cementing operations are complete, the casing may not be disturbed for a minimum of 8 hours by doing any of the following: (1) Releasing pressure on the cement head within 4 hours of cementing if casing equipment check valves did not hold or casing equipment was not equipped with check valves. Public. After 4 hours, the pressure may be released at obama thesis a continuous, gradual rate over the next four hours provided the floats are secure. (2) Nippling up on or in conjunction to the casing. (3) Slacking off by the rig supporting the casing in public, the cement sheath. (4) Running drill pipe or other mechanical devices into need help a business plan or out of the wellbore with the exception of a wireline used to determine the top of cement.

(d) Where special cement or additives are used, the operator may request approval from the Department to reduce the cement setting time specified in subsection (d). (e) The operator shall notify the art essay Department a minimum of 1 day before cementing of the surface casing begins, unless the cementing operation begins within 72 hours of commencement of drilling. (f) A copy of the cement job log shall be available at the well site for inspection by and safety the Department during drilling operations. The cement job log must include the mix water temperature and pH, type of cement with listing and public, quantity of additive types, the volume, yield and density in pounds per writing gallon of the cement and the amount of public art essay, cement returned to discuss in essay writing, the surface, if any. Public Art Essay. Cementing procedural information must include a description of the pumping rates in barrels per minute, pressures in pounds per square inch, time in minutes and sequence of events during the cementing operation. (g) The cement job log shall be maintained by the operator after drilling operations for at least 5 years and be made available to the Department upon request. The provisions of this § 78.85 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Wpp Fellowship Essays. 3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Art Essay. 805.

Immediately preceding text appears at essay inspired knowing power ways serial pages (276330) to (276331). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to public, general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to by difference inspired knowing power, criteria for approval of art essay, inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). § 78.86. Defective casing or cementing. In a well that has defective, insufficient or improperly cemented casing, the operator shall report the defect to the Department within 24 hours of obama michelle thesis, discovery by the operator and shall correct the defect.

The operator shall correct the defect or submit a plan to public art essay, correct the defect for approval by the Department within 30 days. Essay. If the defect cannot be corrected or an alternate method is art essay, not approved by the Department, the well shall be plugged under § § 78.91#151;78.98 (relating to plugging). The provisions of this § 78.86 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.81 (relating to and safety at school, general provisions); 25 Pa. Public Art Essay. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells). § 78.87. Gas storage reservoir protective casing and cementing procedures. (a) In addition to the other provisions in essay knowing, this subchapter, a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir or a gas storage reservoir protective area shall be drilled, cased and cemented as follows: (1) An operator shall use drilling procedures capable of controlling anticipated gas flows and pressures when drilling from the surface to 200 feet above a gas storage reservoir or gas storage horizon.

(2) An operator shall use drilling procedures capable of controlling anticipated gas storage reservoir pressures and flows at all times when drilling from art essay 200 feet above a gas storage reservoir horizon to the depth at which the gas storage protective casing will be installed. Operators shall use blow-out prevention equipment with a pressure rating in excess of the allowable maximum storage pressure for the gas storage reservoir. (3) To protect the gas storage reservoir, an operator shall run intermediate or production casing from a point located at essays least 100 feet below the gas storage horizon to the surface. The operator shall cement this casing by circulating cement to a point at least 200 feet above the gas storage reservoir or gas storage horizon. (4) When cementing casing in a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir, the art essay operator shall insure that no gas is present in the drilling fluids in an amount that could interfere with the integrity of the essay inspired knowing knowledge womens cement. (b) A request by an operator for public, approval from the by difference knowledge power ways womens Department to use an alternative method or material for the casing, plugging or equipping of a well drilled through a gas storage reservoir under section 211 of the act (58 P. Public Art Essay. S. § 601.211) shall be made in accordance with § 78.75 (relating to alternative methods). The provisions of this § 78.87 adopted March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736. This section cited in 25 Pa. In Essay Writing. Code § 78.81 (relating to public, general provisions). § 78.88. Mechanical integrity of essay and safety at school, operating wells. (a) Except for wells regulated under Subchapter H (relating to underground gas storage) and public, wells that have been granted inactive status, the operator shall inspect each operating well at least quarterly to ensure it is in essay other, compliance with the well construction and operating requirements of this chapter and the act. The results of the inspections shall be recorded and retained by the operator for at least 5 years and be available for public art essay, review by the Department and the coal owner or operator. (b) At a minimum, inspections must determine: (1) The well-head pressure or water level measurement. (2) The open flow on the annulus of the production casing or the annulus pressure if the annulus is wpp fellowship essays, shut in. (3) If there is evidence of gas escaping from the art essay well and the amount escaping, using measurement or best estimate of essay other planning, quantity. (4) If there is public art essay, evidence of progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of equipment deterioration.

(c) For structurally sound wells in compliance with § 78.73(c) (relating to surface and coal protective casing and cementing procedure), the operator shall follow the reporting schedule outlined in subsection (e). (d) For wells exhibiting progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of equipment deterioration that compromise the need integrity of the well, or the well is not in compliance with § 78.73(c), the operator shall immediately notify the Department and public art essay, take corrective actions to repair or replace defective equipment or casing or mitigate the excess pressure on the surface casing seat or coal protective casing seat according to the following hierarchy: (1) The operator shall reduce the shut-in or producing back pressure on other politician the casing seat to achieve compliance with § 78.73(c). (2) The operator shall retrofit the well by installing production casing to art essay, reduce the pressure on the casing seat to a business plan, achieve compliance with § 78.73(c). The annular space surrounding the production casing must be open to the atmosphere. The production casing shall be either cemented to the surface or installed on a permanent packer. The operator shall notify the Department at public art essay least 7 days prior to initiating the corrective measure. (3) Additional mechanical integrity tests, including, but not limited to, pressure tests, may be required by the Department to demonstrate the integrity of the well. (e) The operator shall submit an annual report to the Department identifying the by difference knowing power ways compliance status of each well with the public art essay mechanical integrity requirements of this section. The report shall be submitted on forms prescribed by, and available from, the knowledge Department or in a similar manner approved by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.88 adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805. (a) When an operator or owner is notified of or otherwise made aware of public art essay, a potential natural gas migration incident, the operator shall immediately conduct an investigation of the incident. Essay Inspired Knowing Power Womens. The purpose of the investigation is to determine the nature of the incident, assess the potential for hazards to public health and safety, and mitigate any hazard posed by the concentrations of stray natural gas. (b) The investigation undertaken by public the operator under subsection (a) must include, but not be limited to, the essay on health following: (1) A site visit and interview with the public complainant to obtain information about the complaint and to assess the obama thesis reported natural gas migration incident. (2) A field survey to assess the presence and concentrations of natural gas and aerial extent of the stray natural gas. (3) If necessary, establishment of monitoring locations at potential sources, in potentially impacted structures, and art essay, the subsurface. (c) If combustible gas is detected inside a building or structure at essay other politician concentrations equal to or greater than 10#037; of the L.E.L., the operator shall do the following: (1) Immediately notify the Department, local emergency response agency, gas and electric utility companies, police and fire departments and, in conjunction with the Department and public, local emergency response agencies, take measures necessary to ensure public health and safety. (2) Initiate mitigation measures necessary to control and prevent further migration. (3) Implement the other planning additional investigation and mitigation measures as provided in subsection (e)(1)#151;(5). (d) The operator shall notify the Department and, in art essay, conjunction with the Department, take measures necessary to ensure public health and safety, if sustained detectable concentrations of combustible gas satisfy any of the obama michelle following: (1) Greater than 1#037; and less than 10#037; of the L.E.L., in a building or structure.

(2) Equal to art essay, or greater than 25#037; of the L.E.L. in wpp fellowship essays, a water well head space. (3) Detectable in the soils. (4) Equal to or greater than 7 mg/l dissolved methane in water. (e) The Department may require the operator to take the following additional actions: (1) Conduct a field survey to assess the presence and concentrations of combustible gas and public art essay, the areal extent of the combustible gas in the soils, surface water bodies, water wells, and essay planning, other potential migration pathways. (2) Collect gas or water, or both, samples at public a minimum for molecular and stable carbon and on health, hydrogen isotope analyses from the impacted locations such as water wells, and from potential sources of the migration such as gas wells. (3) Conduct an immediate evaluation of the operator#146;s adjacent oil or gas wells to public, determine well cement and casing integrity and to evaluate the michelle potential mechanism of migration. This evaluation may include assessing pressures for all casing intervals, reviewing records for indications of defective casing or cement, application of cement bond logs, ultrasonic imaging tools, geophysical logs, and other mechanical integrity tests as required. The initial area of assessment must include wells within a radius of 2,500 feet and may be expanded if required by the Department. (4) Take action to public, correct any defect in the oil and gas wells to mitigate the by difference essay knowledge power stray gas incident. (5) Establish monitoring locations and monitoring frequency in consultation with the Department at potential sources, in potentially impacted structures, and the subsurface. (f) If concentrations of stray natural gas as defined in subsection (c) or (d) are not detected, the operator shall notify the Department, and do the following if requested by the Department: (1) Conduct additional monitoring.

(2) Document findings. (3) Submit a closure report. (g) If concentrations of stray natural gas are detected inside a building or structure at concentrations equal to or greater than 10#037; of the public L.E.L., the operator and help creating a business, owner shall file a report with the Department by public art essay phone and email within 24 hours after the essay knowledge ways womens interview with the complainant and art essay, field survey of the by difference knowledge power womens extent of stray natural gas. Additional daily or weekly reports shall be submitted if requested by the Department. (h) For all stray natural gas migration incidents, a final written report documenting the results of the investigation shall be submitted to the Department for approval within 30 days of the close of the incident, or in a time frame otherwise approved by the Department. Art Essay. The final report must include the need a business plan following: (1) Documentation of all results of the public art essay investigation, including analytical data and discuss in essay, monitoring results.

(2) Operational changes established at the operator#146;s oil and gas wells in this Commonwealth. (3) Measures taken by public the operator to repair any defects at any of the investigated oil and obama thesis, gas wells. (i) Reports submitted in accordance with this section that contain an analysis of geological or engineering data shall be prepared and sealed by a geologist or engineer licensed in this Commonwealth. The provisions of this § 78.89 adopted February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. (a) Upon abandoning a well, the owner or operator shall plug the well under § § 78.92#151;78.98 or an public, approved alternate method under section 211 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.211) to stop the vertical flow of fluids or gas within the on health at school well bore unless one of the following applies: (1) The Department has granted inactive status under § § 78.101#151;78.105 (relating to inactive status).

(2) The well is part of a plugging schedule that has been approved by the Department and art essay, the operator is help creating plan, complying with that schedule, and the schedule takes into account potential harm that the well poses to the environment or public health and public, safety. (3) The Department has approved the obama michelle thesis identification of the art essay well as an orphan well under section 203 of the need help creating a business plan act (58 P. S. § 601.203), and the Department has not determined a prior owner or operator received economic benefit after April 18, 1979, from this well other than economic benefit derived only as a landowner or from a royalty interest. (b) The operator shall plug a well where a radioactive logging source has been lost under § § 78.92#151;78.98 and 78.111. (c) When a well is being plugged from the attainable bottom, the operator shall install a 50-foot plug of cement at the attainable bottom and plug the remainder of the public art essay well under § § 78.92#151;78.98. (d) If the production casing cannot be retrieved, the inspired ways operator shall plug strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water by public art essay perforating the other planning politician casing and squeezing cement into public art essay the annulus or other method approved by the Department. The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented production casing may extend is in essay, 100 feet below the surface casing seat or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper. The uncemented portion of the art essay casing left in the well above the total depth or attainable bottom may not extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water or extend to a point where it interferes with subsequent plugging requirements of § § 78.92(a)(2) and 78.93(a)(2) and (b)(4) (relating to wells in creating a business, coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented; and art essay, wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement).

The remainder of the well shall be plugged under § § 78.92#151;78.98. (e) When plugging a well, an operator shall insure that no gases are present in the well in an amount that could interfere with cementing the well. (f) When plugging a well with a casing string cemented through a gas storage reservoir or reservoir protective area, an operator shall use bridge plugs immediately above and below the gas storage reservoir unless an alternate plugging plan has been approved by the Department. (g) When a well located in a coal area is plugged to allow mining through it, the person authorized by the Department to essay knowledge ways womens, plug the well under the act or section 13 of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § 513) shall clean out the gas well to a depth of at least 200 feet below the art essay coal seam which will be mined and, unless impracticable, to a point 200 feet below the deepest minable coal seam the well penetrates. (h) In lieu of the plugging requirements of by difference, § § 78.92#151;78.95 and 78.97, an public, operator may cement a well from the total depth or attainable bottom to the surface. Wells in obama michelle thesis, coal areas still shall meet the venting requirements of § 78.92 or § 78.93 (relating to public art essay, wells in wpp fellowship, coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented; and wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement). The provisions of this § 78.91 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at public art essay serial pages (241923) to (241924). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to on health, defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.92 (relating to wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented); 25 Pa.

Code § 78.93 (relating to wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement); 25 Pa. Code § 78.94 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present); 25 Pa. Code § 78.95 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.92. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing is cemented. (a) In a well underlain by a workable coal seam, where the surface casing or coal protective casing is cemented and the production casing is not cemented or the production casing is not present, the owner or operator shall plug the well as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at public least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is in essay, greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to public, separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is help creating a business plan, greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Public. At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which shall extend for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material. The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of wpp fellowship essays, cement or other materials approved by the Department. Where the public art essay production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under § 78.91(d) (relating to need creating, general provisions).

(2) After plugging strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the well shall be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper. At this point, a 100-foot plug of public, cement shall be installed. (3) After the other planning plug has been installed below the public art essay casing seat, the inner casing shall be emptied of liquid from the surface to the plug of cement. A vent or other device approved by the Department shall then be installed on top of the inner string of casing to knowledge power, prevent liquids and solids from art essay entering the well but permit access to the full internal diameter of the inner casing when required. The vent or other device approved by the Department must extend, when finally in place, a distance of at least 72 inches above ground level and essay and safety at school, the permit or registration number must be permanently affixed. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the surface casing, coal protective casing and production casing are cemented, as follows: (1) If the public total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1).

(2) Cement plugs shall be set in the cemented portion of the production casing so that the plugs will extend from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at least 100 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne, oil, gas or water. A Department-approved mechanical plug may be set 20 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water as a substitute for discuss in essay, the plug of cement. Nonporous material must separate each cement plug or mechanical plug. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production casing shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is public art essay, greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater.

The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is essay at school, 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing whichever is lower. In no case may the art essay uncemented portion of the casing left in the well extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum above the knowledge power ways womens cemented portion of the production casing bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. Public. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of michelle, cement or other material as approved by the Department. Public Art Essay. When the uncemented portion of the wpp fellowship production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under § 78.91(d). (4) After plugging all strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the public well shall be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 100 feet below the discuss writing surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper. Public Art Essay. At this point a 200-foot cement plug shall be placed so that the plug extends from 100 feet below the casing seat to a point at least 100 feet above the casing seat. (5) After the 200-foot plug has been installed, the remainder of the well shall be plugged and vented as described in subsection (a)(3). (c) A person authorized by the Department under the act or section 13 of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. § 513) to plug a gas well that penetrates a workable coal seam that was drilled prior to November 30, 1955, or which was permitted after that date but not plugged in accordance with the act, shall plug the essay and safety well to mine through it in the following manner: (1) The gas well shall be cleaned out to a depth of at least 200 feet below the coal seam which is proposed to public art essay, be mined and, unless impracticable, to a point 200 feet below the deepest mineable coal seam that the well penetrates. (2) The gas well shall be plugged in accordance with section 13(a)(1), (2), (3) or (4) of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act.

The provisions of this § 78.92 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276333) to (276335). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.86 (relating to defective coating or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to politician, plugging gas storage wells). § 78.93. Wells in coal areas#151;surface or coal protective casing anchored with a packer or cement. (a) In a well where the surface casing or coal protective casing and production casing are anchored with a packer or cement, the public owner or operator shall plug the well as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is other planning politician, greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and art essay, making a second attempt to remove the essay at school casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to public, a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which must extend for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to on health, a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material. The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the art essay hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of help creating, cement or other material as approved by the Department. When the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the well under § 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions). (2) The well shall then be filled with nonporous material to public, a point approximately 200 feet below the lowest workable coal seam, or surface or coal protective casing seat, whichever is deeper.

Beginning at essay and safety at school this point a 100-foot plug of cement shall be installed. (3) After it has been established that the surface casing or coal protective casing is free and public, can be retrieved, the surface or coal protective casing shall be retrieved by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by need help creating the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is art essay, greater. A string of casing with an outside diameter of at discuss in essay least 4 1/2 inches for art essay, gas wells, or at least 2 inches for oil wells, shall be run to need help creating a business plan, the top of the 100-foot plug described in public art essay, paragraph (2) and cemented to the surface. (4) If the surface or coal protective string is not free and cannot be retrieved, it shall be perforated or cut below the lowest workable coal to allow the wpp fellowship essays cement used to art essay, cement the help plan 4 1/2-inch or 2-inch casing to communicate between the surface casing or coal protective casing, or both, and the well bore.

A string of public, casing of at least 4 1/2 inches for gas wells or at least 2 inches for oil wells shall be run to the top of the 100-foot plug described in paragraph (2) and cemented to the surface. (5) The inner casing shall then be emptied of liquid and cement from the base of the casing to the surface and a vent or other device approved by michelle the Department shall be installed on the top of the casing to prevent liquids and solids from entering the well, but permit ready access to the full internal diameter of the inner casing. The inner string of art essay, casing and the vent or other device approved by the Department must extend, when finally in place, a distance of at least 72 inches above ground level and in essay writing, the permit or registration number must be permanently affixed to the vent. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the public surface casing and coal protective casing is anchored with a packer or cement and the production casing is cemented, as follows: (1) If the total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) A cement plug shall be set in the cemented portion of the production casing so that the plugs extend from at essay and safety at school least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at least 100 feet above each stratum bearing or having borne, oil, gas or water. Public Art Essay. A Department approved mechanical plug may be set 20 feet above the stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water as a substitute for the plug of cement.

Nonporous material shall separate each cement plug or mechanical plug. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the cemented portion of the essays production casing, the uncemented portion of the production casing shall be separated from the cemented portion and public, retrieved. Obama Michelle. The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface or coal protective casing whichever is lower. In no case may the uncemented portion of the casing left in the well extend through a formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum above the cemented portion of the production casing bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by public art essay filling the hole with nonporous material to 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of obama, cement. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this paragraph with a single column of cement or other material approved by the Department. Art Essay. When the uncemented portion of the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under § 78.91(d). (4) The well shall be filled with nonporous material to a point approximately 300 feet below the bottom of the surface casing or coal protective casing, whichever is deeper. Knowledge. In this case, a 100-foot plug of cement shall then be placed in the well beginning at public art essay that point and at school, extending to a point approximately 200 feet below the public bottom of the casing seat.

(5) After it has been established that the surface casing or coal protective casing is free and can be retrieved, the surface or coal protective casing shall be retrieved and a string of casing with an by difference knowing knowledge power ways, outside diameter of not less than 4 1/2 inches for gas wells, or not less than 2 inches for oil wells, shall be run to the top of the 100-foot plug described in paragraph (4) and cemented to the surface. (6) If the surface or coal protective string is not free and cannot be retrieved, it shall be perforated or cut below the lowest workable coal seam to art essay, allow the cement used to cement the 4 1/2-inch or 2-inch casing to communicate between the surface casing or coal protective casing, or both, and by difference knowing womens, the well bore. A string of casing of not less than 4 1/2 inches for gas wells or not less than 2 inches for oil wells shall be run to the top of the 100-foot plug described in paragraph (4) and cemented to the surface. (7) The inner casing shall then be emptied of liquid and cement from the base of the casing to art essay, the surface and a vent or other device approved by the Department shall be installed on the top of the casing to prevent liquids and solids from entering the well, but permit ready access to the full internal diameter of the inner casing. Need Help A Business Plan. The inner string of casing and the vent or other device approved by public art essay the Department shall extend, when finally in place, a distance of not less than 72 inches above ground level and the permit or registration number shall be permanently affixed to the vent.

(c) A person authorized by the Department under the act or section 13 of the discuss writing Coal and public art essay, Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. Wpp Fellowship. S. § 513) to public, plug a gas well that penetrates a workable coal seam which was drilled prior to November 30, 1955, or which was permitted after that date but not plugged in accordance with the act shall plug the well to essays, mine through it in the following manner: (1) The gas well shall be cleaned out to a depth of at least 200 feet below the coal seam which is proposed to be mined and, unless impracticable, to a point 200 feet below the deepest minable coal seam which the well penetrates. (2) The well shall be plugged in accordance with section 13(a)(2) or (4) of the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act. The provisions of this § 78.93 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Art Essay. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276335) to (276338).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Essay. Code § 78.91 (relating to public art essay, general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to other, plugging gas storage wells).

§ 78.94. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present. (a) The owner or operator shall plug a noncoal well, where the surface casing and art essay, production casing are not cemented, or is not present as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at thesis least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. Art Essay. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. At this point there shall be placed a plug of obama michelle, cement, which must extend for at public least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material.

The cement plugs shall be placed in a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in writing, this paragraph with a single column of art essay, cement or other materials as approved by the Department. When the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the well under § 78.91(d) (relating to general provisions). (2) After plugging strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the well shall be filled with nonporous material to approximately 100 feet below the surface casing seat and there shall be placed another plug of cement or other equally nonporous material approved by the Department extending at least 50 feet above that point. (3) After setting the uppermost 50-foot plug, the by difference essay inspired knowing ways retrievable surface casing shall be removed by applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater.

If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to public art essay, remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. The hole shall be filled from the top of the 50-foot plug to the surface with nonporous material other than gel. If the surface casing is need help creating, not retrievable, the art essay hole shall be filled from the top of the 50-foot plug to help a business, the surface with a noncementing material. (b) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the surface casing is not cemented or not present, and the production casing is cemented as follows: (1) If the total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the public art essay cemented production casing seat, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) Cement plugs shall be set in the cemented portion of the essay other politician production casing so that each plug extends from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at least 100 feet above each stratum. A Department-approved mechanical plug may be used as a substitute for the plug of public art essay, cement.

The mechanical plug shall be set 20 feet above each stratum having borne oil, gas or water. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other material approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the and safety at school cemented portion of the production casing, the uncemented portion of the production string shall be separated from the cemented portion and public art essay, retrieved. In Essay Writing. The maximum distance the stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface casing. In no case may the uncemented portion of the public production casing left in the hole extend through stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. When the uncemented portion of the production casing is help creating plan, not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under § 78.91(d). (4) The remainder of the well shall be plugged under subsection (a)(2) and (3). The provisions of this § 78.94 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (276338) to (276340). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and art essay, 25 Pa.

Code § 78.407 (relating to essay inspired knowing knowledge power ways, plugging gas storage wells). § 78.95. Public. Wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented. (a) The owner or operator shall plug a well, where the surface casing is cemented and the production casing is discuss in essay writing, not cemented or not present, as follows: (1) The retrievable production casing shall be removed by public art essay applying a pulling force at least equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; whichever is greater. Essays. If this fails, an attempt shall be made to separate the casing by cutting, ripping, shooting or other method approved by the Department, and making a second attempt to remove the casing by exerting a pulling force equal to the casing weight plus 5,000 pounds or 120#037; of the casing weight, whichever is greater. Public. The well shall be filled with nonporous material from the total depth or attainable bottom of the well, to a point 50 feet below the obama michelle thesis lowest stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Public. At this point there shall be placed a plug of cement, which extends for at least 50 feet above this stratum. Each overlying formation bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged with cement a minimum of 50 feet below this formation to a point 50 feet above this formation. On Health And Safety. The zone between cement plugs shall be filled with nonporous material.

The cement plugs shall be placed in public art essay, a manner that will completely seal the hole. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials as approved by michelle thesis the Department. When the production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug this portion of the well under § 78.91(d) (relating to public, general provisions). (2) After plugging all strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, the discuss writing well shall be filled with nonporous material to approximately 100 feet below the surface casing seat. Another plug of cement, or other equally nonporous material approved by the Department, shall be placed extending at least 50 feet above that point. (3) After setting the public 50-foot plug, the need help a business hole shall be filled from the top of the 50-foot plug to the surface with a noncementing material or the operator shall set a 100-foot cement plug which extends 50-feet into the surface casing and fill the public hole to the surface with noncementing material.

(b) The owner or operator shall plug a noncoal well, where the surface casing and production casing are cemented, as follows: (1) If the total depth or attainable bottom is deeper than the cemented production casing seat, the essays operator shall plug that portion of the well under subsection (a)(1). (2) Cement plugs shall be set in the cemented portion of the public art essay production casing so that each plug extends from at least 50 feet below each stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water, to a point at least 100 feet above the essay knowledge stratum. A Department-approved mechanical plug may be used as a substitute for the plug of public art essay, cement. By Difference Inspired Knowledge Power Ways Womens. The mechanical plug shall be set 20 feet above each stratum having borne oil, gas or water. The operator may treat multiple strata as one stratum and plug as described in this subsection with a single column of cement or other materials approved by the Department. (3) Following the plugging of the public cemented portion of the production casing, the other planning politician uncemented portion of the public production string shall be separated from the cemented portion and retrieved. The maximum distance the politician stub of the uncemented portion of the production casing may extend is 100 feet below the surface casing. In no case may the uncemented portion of the production casing left in the hole extend through stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water. Other stratum bearing or having borne oil, gas or water shall be plugged by filling the hole with nonporous material to public, 20 feet above the stratum and setting a 50-foot plug of cement. When the essay other planning politician uncemented portion of the public production casing is not retrievable, the operator shall plug that portion of the well under § 78.91(d).

(4) The remainder of the well shall be plugged under subsection (a)(2) and (3). The provisions of this § 78.95 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Essay Politician. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Public. Immediately preceding text appears at wpp fellowship essays serial pages (276340) and public art essay, (241931). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.97 (relating to plugging a well stimulated with explosives); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.96. Marking the location of in essay writing, a plugged well. Upon the completion of plugging or replugging a well, the operator shall erect over the plugged well a permanent marker of concrete, metal, plastic or equally durable material. The marker must extend at least 4 feet above the ground surface and enough below the surface to art essay, make the marker permanent. Cement may be used to hold the marker in place provided the essays cement does not prevent inspection of the adequacy of the well plugging. The permit or registration number shall be stamped or cast or otherwise permanently affixed to the marker. In lieu of placing the marker above the ground surface, the marker may be buried below plow depth and shall contain enough metal to be detected at the surface by conventional metal detectors. The provisions of this § 78.96 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. Public. 805. Essay Inspired Power Ways. Immediately preceding text appears at public art essay serial page (241932). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to essay other, plugging gas storage wells). § 78.97. Plugging a well stimulated with explosives. Where strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water in the well have been stimulated with explosives, thereby creating cavities which cannot be readily filled as described in art essay, § § 78.92#151;78.95, the well operator shall place at the nearest suitable point, but at least 20 feet above the stratum, a plug of wpp fellowship essays, cement which extends at least 50 feet above that point.

If the stimulation has been done above one or more strata bearing or having borne oil, gas or water in the well, plugging in the applicable manner specified in § § 78.92#151;78.95 shall be done at the nearest suitable points, to at least 20 feet below and at least 20 feet above the stratum stimulated. From a point immediately above and below these plugs, the well shall be plugged under § § 78.94 and public art essay, 78.95 (relating to wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is not cemented or not present; and wells in noncoal areas#151;surface casing is cemented). The provisions of wpp fellowship, this § 78.97 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Public. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to in essay, defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). § 78.98. Restricting surface water from the well bore. When casing, including conductor pipe, is left in art essay, the well at the surface, the area between the on health casings or the public casing and the well bore shall be permanently filled to a business plan, the surface with a nonporous material to restrict surface water from the well bore.

The provisions of this § 78.98 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.86 (relating to defective casing or cementing); 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.407 (relating to plugging gas storage wells). Upon application, the Department will grant inactive status for 5 years for a permitted or registered well if the application meets the requirements of section 204 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.204) and § § 78.102#151;78.105.

The Department may require information to demonstrate that the conditions imposed by § 78.102 (relating to criteria for public, approval of inactive status) are satisfied. The provisions of this § 78.101 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138850). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions). § 78.102. Criteria for approval of inactive status. To obtain inactive status, the applicant shall affirmatively demonstrate to the Department#146;s satisfaction that: (1) The condition of the well is sufficient to: (i) Prevent damage to the producing zone or contamination of fresh water or other natural resources or surface leakage of substances. (ii) Stop the vertical flow of fluid or gas within the well bore.

(iii) Protect fresh groundwater. (iv) Pose no threat to the health and safety of persons, property or the environment. (2) The well complies with one of the following: (i) The well meets casing and cementing requirements of § § 78.81#151;78.86 (relating to casing and cementing). (ii) For wells not drilled in conformance with casing and cementing requirements of § § 78.81#151;78.86, and for the purpose of the annual monitoring of wells granted inactive status as required by § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of inactive wells), the applicant demonstrates that: (A) For oil and gas wells equipped with surface casing, the operator shall demonstrate that the liquid level in the well bore is on health, maintained at a level at public art essay no higher than the water protection depth. For purposes of this clause where oil or gas bearing formations are encountered less than 100 feet below the surface casing seat, the water protection depth shall be that point midway between the top of the oil or gas bearing formation and the surface casing seat. (B) If the liquid level in an oil or gas well equipped with surface casing stands above the water protection depth and below the groundwater table depth, the operator shall test the help a business liquid to determine its quality.

If the liquid has a total dissolved solids content or conductivity generally equivalent to fresh groundwater in the immediate area, the casing is public art essay, assumed to be either leaking or not set deep enough to shut off groundwater, and mechanical integrity is not demonstrated and inactive status will not be granted unless the essays operator demonstrates that the public art essay well is in essay and safety at school, compliance with the shut-in portion of the public mechanical integrity test requirements of the Under Ground Injection Control program under the Safe Drinking Water Act (21 U.S.C.A. § 349; 42 U.S.C. § § 201, 300f#151;300j-11). If the liquid has a total dissolved solids content or conductivity equivalent to the production formation or production liquid, mechanical integrity is considered to be demonstrated. (C) For oil wells not equipped with surface casing or for oil wells equipped with surface casing that cannot be approved for inactive status under paragraph (2)(ii)(A) or (B), the operator shall modify the help creating a business well to meet one of the following: (I) The operator shall set a string of casing on a packer sufficiently deep to isolate the fresh groundwater system. The casing shall be set to the water protection depth for wells in the area, and the requirements of paragraph (2)(ii)(A) or (B) shall be met. (II) The operator has set a temporary plug or mechanical seal at the water protection depth and public art essay, isolated the fresh groundwater system. The operator may demonstrate the integrity of the plug by demonstrating that water standing above the by difference knowing power ways plug is, and art essay, continues to be, fresh water not contaminated by production fluids, or by writing other means acceptable to the Department. (III) The operator shall fill the well with a freshwater bentonite gel or other material approved by public the Department which will restrict vertical migration of gas or fluids in the well bore. The operator shall monitor the gel level and essay at school, report significant changes to art essay, the Department on an annual basis and take remedial action approved by on health and safety the Department.

(D) For gas wells equipped with production casing separate from the surface casing, the annulus between the surface or coal protective casing and the production casing is vented to the atmosphere. The owner or operator of a well granted inactive status under this clause shall monitor the annular vents for gas flow volumes. If the gas flow volume exceeds 5,000 cubic feet per day, the owner or operator shall notify the Department and public art essay, take remedial action approved by the Department. (E) For gas wells not equipped with separate production casing, but with cemented or uncemented surface casing present, the produced gas shut-in pressure is less than the pressure necessary to cause gas migration into the adjacent formation at the surface casing seat. Compliance with this condition may be demonstrated by mechanical tests of the casing and by evidence that the gas wellhead shut-in pressure does not exceed 0.433 psi per foot of surface or coal protective casing depth. (3) If gas exists at an inactive oil well, the operator may vent the gas to the atmosphere or equip the well to confine the gas to wpp fellowship essays, the producing formation. If this gas flow is greater than 5,000 cubic feet per day, the owner or operator shall notify the Department and take remedial action approved by the Department. (4) The applicant shall certify that the art essay well is of future utility and shall present a viable plan for utilizing the well within a reasonable time. In addition to providing information to politician, demonstrate compliance with paragraphs (1) and (2), the application for inactive status shall include the following: (i) A plan showing when the well will be used. (ii) A certification identifying that one of the public art essay following applies: (A) Significant reserves remain in place and the operator plans to produce the well. (B) The well will be used as a disposal well.

(C) The well will be used as a storage well. (D) The well will be used as an observation well. (E) The well will be used as a secondary or tertiary recovery injection well or that the well will be used for other purposes specified by the applicant. (iii) Other information necessary for essay knowing knowledge womens, the Department to make a determination on art essay inactive status. The provisions of this § 78.102 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.101 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Code § 78.103 (relating to annual monitoring of help creating plan, inactive wells); 25 Pa. Code § 78.104 (relating to term of inactive status); and 25 Pa.

Code § 78.105 (relating to revocation of inactive status). § 78.103. Annual monitoring of inactive wells. The owner or operator of a well granted inactive status shall monitor the integrity of the well on an annual basis and shall report the results to the Department. The owner or operator shall give the Department 3 working days prior notice of the annual monitoring and mechanical integrity testing.

For wells that were drilled in accordance with the casing and cementing standards of § § 78.81#151;78.86 (relating to casing and cementing), the operator shall monitor the integrity of the well by using the method described in § 78.102(2)(ii)(A), (B), (D) or (E) (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status), as appropriate. For a well that was not drilled in accordance with the casing and cementing standards, the wells shall be monitored in public, accordance with § 78.102(1). To qualify for continued inactive status, the owner or operator shall demonstrate, by the data in the monitoring reports, that the condition of the well continues to wpp fellowship essays, satisfy the requirements of § 78.102. The owner or operator shall submit the report by March 31 of the following year. The provisions of this § 78.103 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138853). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa.

Code § 78.101 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Public. Code § 78.104 (relating to term of need help a business plan, inactive status); 25 Pa. Code § 78.102 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status); and public, 25 Pa. Essays. Code § 78.105 (relating to revocation of inactive status). Approval of inactive status for public art essay, a well is valid for 5 years unless revoked. After 5 years, the owner or operator shall plug or return to active status a well granted inactive status unless the Department grants an obama michelle, application for a 1-year extension. Art Essay. The operator of essay on health and safety at school, a well granted inactive status may apply for renewal of inactive status by art essay demonstrating that the well continues to satisfy the inspired knowing conditions imposed on the well by § § 78.102 and public art essay, 78.103 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status; and annual monitoring of inactive wells). The provisions of this § 78.104 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Obama Michelle Thesis. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at public serial page (138854).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); 25 Pa. Discuss. Code § 78.101 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.105 (relating to revocation of inactive status). § 78.105. Revocation of art essay, inactive status. The Department may revoke inactive status and essay on health at school, may order the immediate plugging of public, a well if one of the essay following applies: (1) The well is in art essay, violation of the act or regulations administered by the Department. (2) The operator of the inactive well has become insolvent, to the extent that the plan provided under § 78.102 (relating to criteria for help creating a business plan, approval of inactive status) is no longer viable to return the well to active status, or the operator otherwise demonstrates a lack of ability or intention to art essay, comply with applicable laws and regulations. (3) The condition of the well no longer satisfies the requirements of section 204 of the act (58 P. S. Essay On Health. § 601.204) and § § 78.102#151;78.104 (relating to criteria for approval of inactive status; annual monitoring of art essay, inactive wells; and term of inactive status).

(4) The owner or operator is unwilling or unable to perform his obligations under the act. The provisions of this § 78.105 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Planning. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138854).

This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and public, 25 Pa. Essay. Code § 78.101 (relating to general provisions). (a) The owner or operator may not abandon a radioactive source licensed by the Commonwealth for logging purposes without consent of the Department. Approval of a plan of abandonment may be arranged with the Department by telephone and is to be followed by public art essay a written report to discuss writing, the Department within 30 days after abandonment of the art essay radioactive source. The plan shall be approved by the Department. (b) The operator shall notify the Department of his intention to leave a radioactive source in a well. (c) The operator shall mechanically equip a well in which a radioactive source is obama michelle, abandoned to prevent the accidental or intentional mechanical disintegration of the radioactive source. (1) The operator shall cover the radioactive source being abandoned in the bottom of a well with a substantial standard color-dyed cement plug on top of which a mechanical stop or deflector shall be set.

The dye shall contrast with the color of the formation to alert a re-entry operator prior to encountering the source. (2) In a well where a logging source has been cemented in place behind a casing string and above total depth, upon art essay plugging the well, a color-dyed cement plug shall be placed opposite need help creating plan, the abandoned source inside the well bore and a mechanical stop or deflector shall be placed on top of the plug. (3) If, after expending a reasonable effort, the art essay operator cannot comply with paragraph (1) or (2) because of hole conditions, the operator shall request Department approval to michelle thesis, cease efforts to comply with paragraph (1) or (2) and shall obtain approval for an alternate method for abandoning the public art essay source and need plan, plugging the art essay well. (d) Upon plugging a well in which a radioactive source is left in the hole, the operator shall place a permanent plaque by other planning politician welding or bolting or cementing it to the top of the bore hole in a manner approved by the Department that re-entry cannot be accomplished without disturbing the plaque. The plaque shall serve as a visual warning to art essay, a person re-entering the hole that a radioactive source has been abandoned in-place in the well. The plaque shall depict the trefoil radiation symbol with the words #145;#145;Caution, Radioactive Material#146;#146; under § 219.41 (relating to radiation symbol) and shall be constructed of a long-lasting material such as monel, stainless steel, bronze or brass. The marker shall bear the need help creating following information: (2) Permit number. (3) Name and address of operator. (4) The type and strength of public, radioactive material abandoned in the well.

(5) The total well depth. (6) Depth at which the source was abandoned. (7) A warning not to drill below the plug-back depth or to enlarge the on health at school casing. (e) Prior to workover or re-entry activity, if a radioactive source is present, the operator shall have the plan of operation approved by the Department before the art essay workover or re-entry is writing, permitted. (f) This section does not relieve the licensee, owner or operator from the obligation to comply with Federal regulations and this title, including Chapters 225 and 226 (relating to radiation safety requirements for industrial radiographic operations; and licenses and radiation safety requirements for public, well logging). The provisions of by difference essay inspired knowing power womens, this § 78.111 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.91 (relating to general provisions); and 25 Pa. Code § 226.3a (relating to abandonment of a sealed source). 78.122. Well record and completion report. 78.123. Public. Logs and additional data.

78.124. Certificate of plugging. 78.125. Disposal and enhanced recovery well reports. (a) The well operator shall submit an essays, annual production and status report for each permitted or registered well on an individual basis, on or before February 15 of each year. Art Essay. When the production data is not available to in essay, the operator on a well basis, the operator shall report production on the most well-specific basis available. The annual production report must include information on the amount and type of waste produced and the method of waste disposal or reuse.

Waste information submitted to public art essay, the Department in knowing power ways womens, accordance with this subsection is deemed to public art essay, satisfy the residual waste biennial reporting requirements of § 287.52 (relating to essay other, biennial report). (b) The production report shall be submitted electronically to the Department through its web site. The provisions of this § 78a.121 amended under 58 Pa.C.S. Public Art Essay. § § 3202, 3215(e), 3218(a), 3218.2(a)(4), 3218.4(c) and 3274; section 5 of The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. § 691.5); section 105 of the by difference power Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. Public. § 6018.105); section 5 of the help creating Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P.S. Art Essay. § 693.5); section 104 of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P.S. § 6026.104); sections 301 and 302 of the Radiation Protection Act (35 P.S. § § 7110.301 and 7110.302); section 3 of the essay at school Unconventional Well Report Act (58 P.S. § 1003); section 13.2 of the act of July 10, 2014 (P.L. Public Art Essay. 1053, No. 126) adding section 1741.1-E of The Fiscal Code (72 P.S. § 1741.1-E); and sections 1917-A and essay politician, 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-17 and public, 510-20). The provisions of this § 78.121 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B.

805; amended October 7, 2016, effective October 8, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 6431. Essay Other Planning Politician. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (377631). This section cited in 7 Pa. Public. Code § 137b.73a (relating to gas, oil and obama, coal bed methane). § 78.122. Well record and completion report.

(a) For each well that is drilled or altered, the operator shall keep a detailed drillers log at public the well site available for inspection until drilling is completed. Within 30 calendar days of cessation of drilling or altering a well, the well operator shall submit a well record to the Department on a form provided by essay other planning politician the Department that includes the following information: (1) Name, address and telephone number of the permittee. (2) Permit number, and farm name and number. (3) Township and county. (4) Date drilling started and public art essay, completed. (5) Method of drilling. (6) Size and depth of conductor pipe, surface casing, coal protective casing, intermediate casing, production casing and borehole. (7) Type and amount of need creating a business, cement and results of cementing procedures. (8) Elevation and total depth.

(9) Drillers log that includes the public art essay name and depth of formations from the surface to total depth, depth of oil and gas producing zone, depth of fresh water and brines and source of essay knowledge ways, information. (10) Certification by public art essay the operator that the well has been constructed in accordance with this chapter and any permit conditions imposed by the Department. (11) Other information required by the Department. (b) Within 30 calendar days after completion of the well, the well operator shall submit a completion report to the Department on a form provided by help a business the Department that includes the following information: (1) Name, address and art essay, telephone number of the planning politician permittee. (2) Name, address and art essay, telephone number of the essay other politician service companies.

(3) Permit number and farm name and art essay, number. (4) Township and county. (5) Perforation record. (6) Stimulation record which includes the wpp fellowship following: (i) A descriptive list of the chemical additives in the stimulation fluid, including any acid, biocide, breaker, brine, corrosion inhibitor, crosslinker, demulsifier, friction reducer, gel, iron control, oxygen scavenger, pH adjusting agent, proppant, scale inhibitor and art essay, surfactant. (ii) The percent by volume of each chemical additive in the stimulation fluid. (iii) A list of the chemicals in the Material Safety Data Sheets, by name and chemical abstract service number, corresponding to the appropriate chemical additive. (iv) The percent by volume of writing, each chemical listed in the Material Safety Data Sheets. (v) The total volume of the base fluid. (vi) A list of water sources used under an approved water management plan and the volume of public art essay, water used from each source.

(vii) The total volume of recycled water used. (viii) The pump rate and by difference ways, pressure used in the well. (7) Actual open flow production and shut in surface pressure. (8) Open flow production and shut in surface pressure, measured 24 hours after completion. (c) When the well operator submits a stimulation record, it may designate specific portions of the stimulation record as containing a trade secret or confidential proprietary information. The Department will prevent disclosure of the designated confidential information to the extent permitted under the Right-to-Know Law (65 P.S. § § 67.101#151;67.3103). (d) In addition to public, submitting a stimulation record to the Department under subsection (b), and essay on health, subject to the protections afforded for trade secrets and confidential proprietary information under the Right-to-Know Law, the public operator shall arrange to provide a list of the chemical constituents of the chemical additives used to hydraulically fracture a well, by chemical name and abstract service number, unless the obama michelle thesis additive does not have an abstract service number, to the Department upon written request by public the Department. The provisions of this § 78.122 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended February 4, 2011, effective February 5, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 805. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (304395) to (304396). (a) If requested by the Department within 90 calendar days after the completion of drilling or recompletion of a well, the well operator shall submit to by difference inspired power womens, the Department a copy of the electrical, radioactive or other standard industry logs run on the well. In addition, if requested by public art essay the Department within 1 year of the completion of drilling or recompletion of inspired knowing ways, a well, the well operator shall file with the Department a copy of the art essay drill stem test charts, formation water analysis, porosity, permeability or fluid saturation measurements, core analysis and lithologic log or sample description or other similar data as compiled. No information will be required unless the obama michelle operator has had the information described in this subsection compiled in the ordinary course of business.

No interpretation of the data is to be filed. (b) Upon notification by the Department prior to drilling, the well operator shall collect additional data specified by the Department, such as representative drill cuttings and samples from cores taken, and public, other geological information that the wpp fellowship operator can reasonably compile. (c) The information requested by the Department under subsections (a) and (b) shall be provided to the Department by public art essay the operator, within 3 years after completion of the by difference essay well unless the Department has granted an public art essay, extension or unless the Department has requested information as described in subsection (d). If the Department has granted an extension, the information shall be submitted in discuss, accordance with the public art essay extension, but in no case may the extension exceed 5 years from the date of completion of the well. (d) In accordance with the request of the Department, the operator shall submit the essay planning politician information described in this section for public art essay, use in investigation or enforcement proceedings, or in aggregate form for statistical purposes. The provisions of this § 78.123 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B.

1234. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (194014) to (194015). (a) Within 30 calendar days after the well has been plugged, the owner or operator of the well shall submit a certificate of plugging to the Department and each coal operator, lessee or owner who was sent notice by certified mail of the intent to essays, plug the well. (b) The certificate of plugging shall be on a form provided by the Department and contain information required by public the Department. (c) The certificate of plugging shall be prepared and essays, signed by two experienced and qualified people who participated in the work, and public art essay, shall also be signed by the well owner or operator.

The provisions of this § 78.124 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. § 78.125. Michelle Thesis. Disposal and enhanced recovery well reports. (a) The operator of a disposal or enhanced recovery well shall submit to the Department, upon art essay request, a copy of the annual monitoring report submitted to the EPA summarizing the results of the operator#146;s monitoring as required by 40 CFR Part 146 (relating to on health, underground injection control program) when these reports are submitted to public art essay, the EPA. This summary, at a minimum, shall include the following: (1) Monthly records of major changes in characteristics or sources of injected fluids. (2) Reports of volumes and pressures of injection fluids.

(3) Reports of mechanical integrity testing. (4) Other information or reports required to be submitted to the EPA under 40 CFR Part 146. (b) The operator of plan, a disposal or enhanced recovery well shall submit to the Department copies of periodic monitoring reports or reports of failures, releases, accidents or other incidents required to be submitted to public, the EPA under 40 CFR 146 when these reports are submitted to by difference essay inspired knowing ways womens, the EPA. (c) The operator of a disposal well or enhanced recovery well may submit monitoring reports to the Department on public art essay a field or project basis rather than on an individual well basis provided manifold monitoring is used. The provisions of this § 78.125 adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 6, 1998, effective March 7, 1998, 28 Pa.B. 1234. Wpp Fellowship Essays. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (194016). The provisions of public, these § § 78.141#151;78.146 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Essay At School. 3229; reserved January 27, 2006, effective January 28, 2006, 36 Pa.B.

465. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241942) to public, (241944) and (276341). Subchapter G. BONDING REQUIREMENTS. 78.302. Requirement to discuss in essay, file a bond. 78.303. Form, terms and conditions of the bond. 78.304.

Terms and conditions for surety bonds. 78.305. Terms and conditions for public, collateral bonds#151;general. 78.306. Collateral bonds#151;letters of credit. 78.307.

Collateral bonds#151;certificates of deposit. 78.308. Collateral bonds#151;negotiable bonds. 78.309. Phased deposit of collateral. 78.310. Replacement of existing bond. 78.311. Failure to maintain adequate bond.

78.313. Incapacity of operators. 78.314. Preservation of remedies. In addition to the requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215), this subchapter specifies certain requirements for surety bonds, collateral bonds, replacement of existing bonds, maintaining adequate bond and bond forfeiture. The provisions of this § 78.301 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229. For a well that has not been plugged, the owner or operator shall file a bond or otherwise comply with the bonding requirements of section 215 of the act (58 P. Wpp Fellowship Essays. S. § 601.215) and this chapter. A bond or bond substitute is not required for art essay, a well drilled before April 18, 1985. The provisions of this § 78.302 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241946).

§ 78.303. Form, terms and wpp fellowship essays, conditions of the bond. (a) The following types of security are approvable: (1) A surety bond as provided in § 78.304 (relating to terms and conditions for public art essay, surety bonds). (2) A collateral bond as provided in § § 78.305#151;78.308. For individuals who meet the requirements of section 215(d.1) of the act, a phased deposit of collateral bond as provided in § 78.309(b) (relating to phased deposit of collateral). (b) A person submitting a bond shall comply with the Department guidelines establishing minimum criteria for execution and essay politician, completion of the bond forms and related documents. (c) A bond shall be conditioned upon public art essay compliance with the drilling, water supply replacement, restoration and on health, plugging requirements in the act, this chapter and public, permit conditions relating thereto. The bonds are penal in wpp fellowship, nature and are designed to public art essay, ensure compliance by the operator to protect the environment, public health and safety affected by essay other planning the oil and gas well.

(d) The person named in the bond or other security shall be the same as the public art essay person named in the permit. (e) The bond amounts required under section 215 of the act are as follows: (1) Two thousand five hundred dollars for a single well. (2) Twenty-five thousand dollars for a blanket bond. The provisions of this § 78.303 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B.

1736. By Difference Inspired Power Ways. Immediately preceding text appears at public serial page (241946). § 78.304. Terms and conditions for surety bonds. (a) The bond of a surety company that has failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in full, on writing a forfeited surety bond is not approvable. (b) Only the bond of a surety authorized to public, do business in this Commonwealth is approvable. If the principal place of business of the surety is by difference essay inspired knowledge ways womens, outside of this Commonwealth, or if the surety is not a Pennsylvania corporation, the surety bond shall also be signed by an authorized resident agency of the surety that maintains an office in art essay, this Commonwealth. (c) The surety may cancel the bond by filing written notice of essays, cancellation with the Department, the operator and public art essay, the principal on michelle the bond, only public art essay, under the following conditions: (1) The notice of cancellation shall be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested. Cancellation may not take effect until 120 days after receipt of the notice of other, cancellation by the Department, the operator and the principal on the bond as evidenced by public return receipts. (2) Within 30 days after receipt of obama thesis, a notice of cancellation, the operator shall provide the Department with a replacement bond under § 78.310 (relating to replacement of public art essay, existing bond).

(d) The Department will not accept surety bonds from a surety company when the total bond liability to the Department on the bonds filed by other planning politician the operator, the principal and public, related parties exceeds the surety company#146;s single risk limit as provided by The Insurance Company Law of 1921 (40 P. S. § § 341#151;991). (e) The bond shall provide that the surety and the principal shall be jointly and severally liable for payment of the bond amount. (f) The bond shall provide that the amount shall be confessed to judgment and execution upon forfeiture. (g) The Department will retain, during the term of the bond, and upon forfeiture of the bond, a property interest in the surety#146;s guarantee of payment under the bond which is obama michelle, not affected by the bankruptcy, insolvency or other financial incapacity of the public art essay operator or principal on the bond. (h) The surety shall give written notice to the Department, if permissible under law, to the principal and the Department within 10 days of a notice received or action filed by or with a regulatory agency or court having jurisdiction over the surety alleging one of the following: (1) The insolvency or bankruptcy of the surety.

(2) A violation of regulatory requirements applicable to the surety, when as a result of the violation, suspension or revocation of the surety#146;s license to do business in this Commonwealth or another state is under consideration by need creating a business a regulatory agency. The provisions of this § 78.304 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and public, conditions of the bond). § 78.305. Terms and conditions for collateral bonds#151;general. (a) Collateral documents shall be executed by the owner or operator. (b) The market value of collateral deposited shall be at least equal to essays, the required bond amount with the exception of United States Treasury Zero Coupon Bonds which shall have a maturity date of not more than 10 years after the date of purchase and at public maturity a value of at obama least $25,000. (c) Collateral shall be pledged and assigned to public art essay, the Department free from need a business claims or rights. The pledge or assignment shall vest in the Department a property interest in the collateral which shall remain until release as provided by law and public art essay, is not affected by the bankruptcy, insolvency or other financial incapacity of the operator.

(d) The Department#146;s ownership rights to thesis, deposited collateral shall be such that the collateral is readily available to the Department upon forfeiture. The Department may require proof of ownership, and other means, such as secondary agreements, as it deems necessary to meet the requirements of this subchapter. If the Department determines that deposited collateral does not meet the public requirements of this subchapter, it may take action under the law to protect its interest in the collateral. The provisions of creating a business, this § 78.305 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138865). This section cited in art essay, 25 Pa.

Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and wpp fellowship, conditions of the bond). § 78.306. Collateral bonds#151;letters of credit. (a) Letters of credit submitted as collateral for public, collateral bonds shall be subject to the following conditions: (1) The letter of discuss in essay, credit shall be a standby or guarantee letter of credit issued by a Federally insured or equivalently protected financial institution, regulated and public, examined by the Commonwealth or a Federal agency and authorized to do business in other politician, this Commonwealth. (2) The letter of credit shall be irrevocable and shall be so designated. However, the Department may accept a letter of public, credit for which a limited time period is help plan, stated if the art essay following conditions are met and are stated in the letter: (i) The letter of inspired knowing knowledge ways, credit is automatically renewable for additional time periods unless the financial institution gives at public least 90 days prior written notice to both the obama michelle thesis Department and the operator of its intent to art essay, terminate the credit at the end of the current time period.

(ii) The Department has the wpp fellowship essays right to public art essay, draw upon the credit before the end of its time period, if the essay operator fails to replace the public art essay letter of credit with other acceptable means of essay at school, compliance with section 215 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215) within 30 days of the financial institution#146;s notice to terminate the credit. (3) Letters of credit shall name the Department as the beneficiary and be payable to the Department, upon demand, in part or in full, upon presentation of the Department#146;s drafts, at art essay sight. The Department#146;s right to draw upon and safety at school the letter of credit does not require documentary or other proof by the Department that the art essay customer has violated the conditions of the bond, the by difference inspired knowing permit or other requirements. (4) A letter of credit shall be subject to 13 Pa.C.S. (relating to the Uniform Commercial Code) and the latest revision of Uniform Customs and public art essay, Practices for knowledge power ways, Documentary Credits as published in public art essay, the International Chamber of Commerce Publication No. 400. (5) The Department will not accept a letter of credit from a financial institution which has failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in creating a business, full, on a letter of credit or a certificate of public art essay, deposit previously submitted as collateral to the Department. (6) The issuing financial institution shall waive rights of set-off or liens which it has or might have against the letter of credit. (b) If the ways Department collects any amount under the letter of credit due to failure of the art essay operator to replace the letter of credit after demand by the Department, the Department will hold the proceeds as cash collateral as provided by this subchapter. The operator may obtain the cash collateral after he has submitted and need help plan, the Department has approved a bond or other means of compliance with section 215 of the act. The provisions of art essay, this § 78.306 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B.

6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (138865) to (138866). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). § 78.307. Collateral bonds#151;certificates of deposit. A certificate of deposit submitted as collateral for wpp fellowship, collateral bonds is subject to the following conditions: (1) The certificate of deposit shall be made payable to the operator and shall be assigned to the Department by public art essay the operator, in writing, as required by on health and safety at school the Department and on forms provided by the Department. Art Essay. The assignment shall be recorded upon the books of the financial institution issuing the certificate. (2) The certificate of deposit shall be issued by a Federally-insured or equivalently protected financial institution which is authorized to do business in this Commonwealth. (3) The certificate of essay, deposit shall state that the financial institution issuing it waives rights of setoff or liens which it has or might have against public art essay the certificate. (4) The certificate of deposit shall be automatically renewable and fully assignable to the Department.

Certificates of help a business, deposit shall state on their face that they are automatically renewable. (5) The operator shall submit certificates of public art essay, deposit in amounts which will allow the in essay Department to liquidate those certificates prior to public art essay, maturity, upon forfeiture, for the full amount of the essay at school bond without penalty to the Department. (6) The Department will not accept certificates of deposit from financial institutions which have failed, refused or unduly delayed to pay, in full, on certificates of public art essay, deposit or letters of credit which have previously been submitted as collateral to the Department. (7) The operator is not entitled to by difference power, interest accruing after forfeiture is declared by the Department, until the forfeiture declaration is ruled invalid by a court having jurisdiction over the Department, and the ruling is final. The provisions of this § 78.307 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. Art Essay. 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (138866) to (138867). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). § 78.308. Collateral bonds#151;negotiable bonds. Negotiable bonds submitted and essay on health and safety, pledged as collateral for collateral bonds under section 215(a)(3) of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215(a)(3)) are subject to the following conditions: (1) The Department will use the public art essay current market value of need help, governmental securities, other than United States Treasury Zero Coupon Bonds, for the purpose of establishing the value of the securities for bond deposit.

(2) The current market value shall be at public least equal to discuss in essay, the amount of the required bond. (3) The Department may periodically evaluate the securities and may require additional amounts if the current market value is insufficient to public art essay, satisfy the bond amount requirements for the oil or gas well operations. (4) The operator may request and receive the interest accruing on governmental securities filed with the on health at school Department as the interest becomes due and public, payable. An operator will not receive interest accruing on governmental securities until the full amount of the essay planning politician bond has been accumulated. No interest may be paid for postforfeiture interest accruing during appeals and after resolution of the public appeals, when the forfeiture is adjudicated, decided or settled in favor of the essays Commonwealth. The provisions of this § 78.308 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284.

Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (138867) to (138868). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). § 78.309. Art Essay. Phased deposit of collateral. (1) Eligibility. An operator who had a phased deposit of discuss in essay, collateral in effect as of November 26, 1997, may maintain that bond for wells requiring bonding, for new well permits and for wells acquired by transfer. (i) An operator may not have more than 200 wells. (ii) Under the following schedule, an operator shall make a deposit with the Department of approved collateral prior to public, the issuance of a permit for michelle, a well or the transfer of a permit for art essay, a well, and shall make subsequent annual deposits and additional well payments. For the purpose of calculating the required deposit, all of the operator#146;s wells are included in the number of wells.

(iii) An operator shall make the phased deposits of collateral as required by the bond. (2) Termination of eligibility. An operator is no longer eligible to make phased deposits of collateral when one or more of the following occur: (i) The operator shall fully bond the wells immediately, if an operator has more than 200 wells. (ii) If the operator misses a phased deposit of collateral payment, the operator shall do one of the following: (A) Immediately submit the appropriate bond amount in full. (B) Cease all operations and by difference inspired knowing knowledge power womens, plug the public art essay wells covered by the bond in accordance with the plugging requirements of section 210 of the act (58 P. S. § 601.210). (i) An individual who seeks to obama, satisfy the collateral bond requirements of the act by submitting phased deposit of collateral under section 215(d.1) of the act (58 P. S. § 601.215(d.1)), may not drill more than ten new wells per art essay calendar year. Essays. A well in public, which the individual has a financial interest is to be considered one of the wells permitted under this section.

A partnership, association or corporation is not eligible for phased deposit of essay inspired knowing, collateral under this subsection. (ii) The individual shall deposit with the Department $500 per well in approved collateral prior to issuance of a new permit. (iii) The individual shall deposit 10#037; of the remaining amount of bond in approved collateral in each of the next 10 years. Annual payments shall become due on the anniversary date of the art essay issuance of the permit, unless otherwise established by the Department. Payments shall be accompanied by appropriate bond documents required by the Department. (iv) The individual shall make the phased collateral payments as required by discuss in essay writing the bond. (2) Termination of eligibility. Public. If the essay inspired knowing knowledge individual misses a phased deposit of collateral payment, the individual will no longer be eligible to art essay, make phased deposits of collateral and shall do one of the a business plan following: (i) Immediately submit the appropriate bond amount in public art essay, full.

(ii) Cease operations and plug the wells covered by the bond in accordance with the plugging requirements of need help creating, section 210 of the act. (c) Interest earned. Interest earned by collateral on deposit by public operators and individuals under this section shall be accumulated and discuss, become part of the bond amount until the operator completes deposit of the requisite bond amount in accordance with the schedule of deposit. Interest earned by the collateral shall be retruned to the operator or the individual upon release of the art essay bond. Interest may not be paid for postforfeiture interest accruing during appeals and after resolution of the appeals, when the forfeiture is adjudicated, decided or settled in favor of the Commonwealth. The provisions of this § 78.309 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241951) to (241953). This section cited in 25 Pa.

Code § 78.303 (relating to form, terms and conditions of the bond). § 78.310. Replacement of existing bond. (a) An owner or operator may replace an existing surety or collateral bond with another surety or collateral bond that satisfies the requirements of this chapter, if the liability which has accrued against the bond, the owner or operator who filed the first bond and the well operation is transferred to the replacement bond. An owner or operator may not substitute a phased deposit of collateral bond under section 215(d) and (d.1) of the act (58 P. S. Politician. § 601.215(d) and (d.1)) for a valid surety bond or collateral that has been filed and approved by the Department.

(b) The Department will not release existing bonds until the public art essay operator has submitted and the Department has approved acceptable replacement bonds. The provisions of this § 78.310 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284; amended March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Discuss Writing. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241953). This section cited in 25 Pa. Public Art Essay. Code § 78.304 (relating to terms and conditions for surety bonds). § 78.311. Failure to maintain adequate bond.

The permittee shall maintain a bond in at school, an amount and with sufficient guarantee as provided by this chapter. If a surety company that had provided surety bonds, or a financial institution that had provided certificates of art essay, deposit or letters of credit for an operator enters into bankruptcy or liquidation, has its license suspended or revoked or for another reason indicates an inability or unwillingness to provide an other planning politician, adequate financial guarantee of the obligations under the bond, the operator shall submit a bond within 45 days of art essay, notice from the essay Department. The provisions of this § 78.311 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; amended December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (138869). (a) A collateral or surety bond may be forfeited when the Department determines that the operator fails or refuses to comply with the act, this title, an order of the Department, or the public terms or conditions of the permit relating to drilling, water supply replacement, plugging and other planning politician, site restoration.

(b) If forfeiture of the bond is required, the Department will: (1) Send written notification by public mail to the permittee, and the surety, if any, of the Department#146;s intent to essay other, forfeit the public bond and describe the essay at school grounds for forfeiture. The notification will also provide an opportunity to take remedial action or submit a schedule for taking remedial actions acceptable to art essay, the Department within 30 days of the notice of intent to forfeit, in lieu of collecting the bond. (2) If the permittee and surety, if any, fail either to take remedial action or to submit a plan acceptable to michelle thesis, the Department within 30 days of the notice of the intent to art essay, forfeit, the bond will be subject to on health and safety, forfeiture and collection up to the face amount thereof. The Department will issue a declaration to forfeit the bond. (3) The declaration to forfeit is an action which may be appealable to the Environmental Hearing Board under section 4 of the Environmental Hearing Board Act (35 P. Art Essay. S. § 7514).

The provisions of this § 78.312 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. An owner or operator shall notify the Department by certified mail within 10 calendar days after commencement of a voluntary or involuntary proceeding under 11 U.S.C.A. § § 101#151;1330, known as the Federal Bankruptcy Act, naming the on health at school owner or operator as debtor. The provisions of this § 78.313 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Public. 3229. Remedies provided or authorized by law for violation of planning, statutes, including the public art essay act, the applicable environmental protection acts, this title, the terms and conditions of permits and orders of the discuss in essay writing Department, are expressly preserved. Nothing in public, this subchapter is an exclusive penalty or remedy for the violations. No action under this subchapter waives or impairs another remedy or penalty provided in law or equity. The provisions of this § 78.314 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. Subchapter H. Wpp Fellowship Essays. UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE.

78.401. Storage well construction. 78.402. Public Art Essay. Inspections by the gas storage operator. 78.403. Gas storage well integrity testing. 78.404. Maximum storage pressure. 78.407. Plugging gas storage wells.

The provisions of this Subchapter H adopted December 16, 1994, effective December 17, 1994, 24 Pa.B. 6284, unless otherwise noted. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.88 (relating to mechanical integrity of operating wells). (a) In addition to the casing and cementing requirements of wpp fellowship, Subchapter D (relating to well drilling, operation and plugging), when constructing new gas storage wells the operator shall: (1) Cement the surface and intermediate casings with sufficient cement to circulate cement to the surface or to equal at least 120#037; of the calculated volume to public art essay, fill the annular space on the outside of the casing. (2) Cement the production casing with sufficient cement to fill the calculated annular space with cement to a point at least 500 feet above the casing shoe and at least 200 feet above the upper most perforations. (b) Gas storage wells being reconditioned shall meet the requirements of wpp fellowship essays, this section unless an alternate method of casing and cementing has been approved by the Department under § 78.75 (relating to alternative methods). (c) The storage operator shall give the public Department notice at least 15 days prior to obama thesis, reconditioning or altering a gas storage well and describe the procedure that the operator will use to recondition or alter the gas storage well.

If no objections are raised by the Department within 10 days, the public operator may proceed to recondition or alter the well as proposed. The operator shall submit an updated well record within 30 days of other politician, completing a reconditioning or alteration. This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.405 (relating to emergency repairs). § 78.402. Inspections by the gas storage operator. (a) A gas storage operator shall inspect every storage well and observation well in the gas storage field at least once each month. The results of the inspections shall be recorded and retained by the operator and shall be available for review by the Department and the coal owner or operator.

(b) Inspections at a minimum shall determine: (1) The well-head pressure or water level measurement, as appropriate. (2) The open flow on the annulus of the production casing or the annulus pressure if the annulus is shut in. (3) If there is evidence of gas escaping from public art essay a well using measurement or best estimate of quantity. (4) If there is evidence of progressive corrosion, rusting or other signs of equipment deterioration. (c) Storage operators shall inspect the gas storage reservoir and storage protective area at least annually to discover if material changes have occurred that require an amendment or supplement of the map and data as required in section 301(a) and (b) of the act (58 P. S. Essay Knowing Knowledge Power. § 601.301(a) and (b)). As part of that inspection, gas storage operators shall inspect known abandoned wells and public art essay, plugged wells within the gas storage reservoir area and the gas storage protective area, subject to the right of entry, at the end of the injection season when the storage pressure is at planning its highest.

The inspection record shall include observed evidence of gas leaking and other conditions that may be hazardous to the public or property. (d) Evidence of public, a new gas leak and leaks that exceed 5,000 cubic feet per day shall be reported to the Department within 24 hours. Following notification, the gas storage reservoir operator shall file a written report including corrective action taken, or planned, and a detailed explanation of the problem within 10 days. Michelle Thesis. Subsequent reports describing additional corrective action and acquired data may be requested by the Department. This section cited in art essay, 25 Pa. Code § 78.403 (relating to gas storage well integrity testing); and 25 Pa. Wpp Fellowship. Code § 78.406 (relating to recordkeeping).

§ 78.403. Gas storage well integrity testing. (a) A gas storage reservoir operator shall develop an integrity monitoring and integrity testing program for each gas storage field. (b) A gas storage reservoir operator shall test the integrity of each gas storage well at public art essay least once every 5 years. By June 15, 1995, each gas storage operator shall submit, for help creating plan, Department approval, an integrity testing plan for each gas storage field. (c) The testing program may consist of geophysical well logging, pressure testing or other procedures approved by the Department.

The testing program shall indicate a well#146;s integrity, whether there has been gas loss in quantities in art essay, excess of wpp fellowship essays, those amounts in § 78.402(d) (relating to inspections by art essay the gas storage operator), and whether there is essays, a well condition that requires reconditioning, plugging or other remedial action. (d) Gas storage field monitoring may consist of annular and tubing pressure monitoring, reservoir engineering evaluation in the form of pressure/volume inventory studies, gauge calibration programs, wellsite inspection programs, casing inspection programs, pressure and flow testing programs, internal and public art essay, external inventory auditing programs or a combination of monitoring procedures approved by the Department that verify the gas storage reservoir#146;s integrity. (e) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain the information gathered in subsections (a)#151;(d) and shall make the information available to obama michelle, the Department for 15 years. (f) For an observation well for art essay, which a gas storage operator does not retain monitoring data, the gas storage operator shall plug the well or apply for inactive status. (g) The Department may require the operator to perform additional tests it deems necessary after a conference is held under section 501 of the act (58 P. Essay Inspired Knowing Knowledge Ways Womens. S. § 601.501). This section cited in 25 Pa. Code § 78.406 (relating to recordkeeping). A gas storage reservoir operator, who has not requested approval of a maximum storage pressure for a gas storage reservoir, shall request, by February 15, 1995, Department approval of public, a maximum gas storage reservoir pressure in discuss in essay writing, accordance with the following: (1) The maximum shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) may not exceed the highest shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) found to exist during the production history of the reservoir, unless a higher pressure is established through testing of caprock and public art essay, pool containment. Need. The methods used for public art essay, determining the higher pressure shall be determined in conference with the Department in accordance with section 501 of the act.

(2) If the original discovery shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) is not known, or the highest production shut-in wellhead pressure (psig) is not known, or a higher pressure has not been established through a method as approved by the Department as established in paragraph (1), the maximum storage reservoir pressure shall be limited to a freshwater hydrostatic gradient. When emergency repairs are necessary, prior notification under § 78.401(c) (relating to storage well construction) is not required. The operator shall give notice to the Department within 24 hours of the repairs. Within 5 days of the emergency, the operator shall submit a written explanation of the emergency and the corrective action taken, or planned. If corrective action requires a permit, an application shall be filed within 10 days.

(a) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain records for inspired knowing knowledge ways womens, each gas storage well and public art essay, shall make these records available to the Department. These records shall include, but not be limited to, the following: (1) Well inspection results and pressure data for the preceding 7 years. (2) Integrity testing data for each gas storage well required by § 78.403 (relating to wpp fellowship essays, gas storage well integrity testing) for at least 15 years. (b) The gas storage reservoir operator shall retain data for at least 7 years gathered during inspections of abandoned wells and plugged wells as required by § 78.402 (relating to inspections by public the gas storage operator) and on health and safety, shall make these records available to the Department. In addition to complying with the plugging requirements in public art essay, § § 78.91#151;78.98 (relating to plugging), the gas storage reservoir operator shall: (1) Notify the Department of an writing, intent to plug a gas storage well at art essay least 15 days before beginning to plug the well. This notice shall describe the intended plugging procedure. (2) Clean out the portions of the well that penetrate the storage horizon.

(3) Set cement across the perforations in a manner that prevents the migration of gas or other fluids within or outside of the well. (4) For an open hole, set a bridge plug immediately above the storage horizon followed by a 500 foot cement plug, or use another method approved by the Department. Subchapter X. STATEMENTS OF POLICY. INSPECTION POLICY REGARDING OIL AND GAS. 78.903. Frequency of inspections. 78.904. Manner of inspection.

INSPECTION POLICY REGARDING OIL AND GAS. The provisions of this § 78.901 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Discuss Writing. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (241959). (a) This statement of policy sets forth the policy of the Department in regard to inspections of oil and gas well locations, sites, property, facilities, operations or activities governed by art essay the act, the Coal and Gas Resource Coordination Act (58 P. S. Essay Knowing Ways. § § 501#151;518) or the Oil and public, Gas Conservation Law (58 P. S. Essay Inspired Knowing Knowledge Power Ways. § § 401#151;419). This policy does not create a duty or obligation upon the Department to conduct a minimum or maximum number of inspections per year or during a certain period of public, time. (b) Inspections are conducted to administer, implement, enforce and determine compliance with the statutes set forth in subsection (a) and essays, with Article XIX-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P.S. § § 510-1#151;510-108), The Clean Streams Law (35 P.S. Public Art Essay. § § 691.1#151;691.1001) and the Solid Waste Management Act (35 P.S. § § 6018.101#151;6018.1003) and other statutes administered by the Department that apply to activities associated with gas and oil operations.

The provisions of this § 78.902 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. Essay. 3229. This section cited in public, 25 Pa. Code § 78.903 (relating to frequency of inspections); and 25 Pa. Code § 78.905 (relating to additional inspections). The Department, its employes and agents intend to conduct inspections at the following frequencies: (1) At least once prior to the issuance of a permit, if a waiver or exception is requested by the permit applicant.

(2) At least once in verifying or resolving objections or determining the Department#146;s response to objections, when objections are raised to a permit application. (3) At least once during each of the phases of siting, drilling, casing, cementing, completing, altering and stimulating a well. (4) At least once during, or within 3 months after, the time period in which the owner or operator is michelle thesis, required to public art essay, restore the site, after drilling the well. (5) At least once prior to the authorization to use an alternate method for plugging, casing or equipping the well. (6) At least once during the periods that an alternative method for plugging, casing or equipping the well is being used or installed. (7) At least once when a well is being reconditioned or repaired or when casing is being replaced. (8) At least once prior to a well being granted inactive status.

(9) At least once during the plugging of the well. (10) At least once during, or within 3 months after, the knowledge period in which the owner or operator is required to restore the site, after the well is art essay, plugged or abandoned. (11) At least once before the bond or other financial security is discuss writing, released. (12) At least once a year, if there is onsite brine disposal or residual waste disposal subject to public, the statutes referenced in § 78.902 (relating to creating a business plan, policy). (13) At least twice a year if the well is public, located in a gas storage reservoir or in in essay writing, a gas storage reservoir protective area. (14) At least once a year to determine whether compliance with the statutes administered by the Department has been achieved. (15) If there is a violation, at least once to public art essay, determine whether the violation has been corrected, or whether there is a continuing violation. (16) At least once, in obama, response to a complaint. The provisions of this § 78.903 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B.

3229; reserved March 30, 2001, effective March 31, 2001, 31 Pa.B. 1736. Public. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (241959) to (241960). The inspections described in this subchapter may be conducted separately, or in combination, whichever manner is deemed by the Department to permit maximum efficiency, accuracy and thoroughness in implementing the statutes administered by the Department. The provisions of this § 78.904 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. The Department, its employes and agents may conduct additional inspections, including follow-up inspections, inspections to observe a practice or condition related to the public health or safety and inspections to determine compliance with the statutes set forth in § 78.902 (relating to policy), with the laws administered by the Department, with the Department#146;s regulations, with the terms or conditions of a permit or with the requirements of an order. The provisions of this § 78.905 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. The provisions of this statement of policy are subject to essays, the availability of personnel and financial resources. This statement of public art essay, policy does not create a duty or obligation upon the Department to on health and safety, conduct a minimum or maximum number of inspections per public art essay year or during a certain period.

The provisions of this § 78.906 adopted July 28, 1989, effective July 29, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 3229. No part of the information on this site may be reproduced for profit or sold for profit.

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formal resume This page explains how to art essay write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for need plan a CV.

A covering letter is a letter sent with your CV which explains details about your application to a particular company. A reference is a formal letter to an employer, from public, somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the layout of my CV? There are many ways to by difference power design a CV. This section gives an example. Print your CV on good quality white paper. Art Essay! The paper size should be A4 (this is inspired power 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to art essay use is 12 (or 10 if you want to put more information on your CV).

The document should use only one font style, for and safety example Times New Roman. Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to public emphasise important words. Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to in essay keep the public art essay, CV on one side of by difference knowing knowledge power ways womens paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and public art essay simple. A typical section order is:

There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in your own country). Include the full postcode in essay planning politician your address. Make sure that you will be able to collect all mail sent to public art essay this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to essays you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. Public! If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for by difference essay inspired callers to leave a message for you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the public art essay, number of the telephone at your accommodation.

The telephone number should start with the area code, written in brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day. Essay On Health And Safety! If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on your CV. Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for art essay dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00)

In the right-hand column, provide information about need creating, each of your job roles. Start by public, writing the michelle thesis, name of the art essay, company (in bold) and its location. On the next line you might give a brief description of what the company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on essay on health and safety at school, another line (highlighting this in bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in public art essay the job for which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). Essay On Health! You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood.

For example, you might write Increased sales at public, the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop. Remember that the by difference knowing knowledge power, person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for the dates. For start and art essay end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the name of the school or university on one line, followed by further details (the course name or the number of exam subjects passed) on the next line.

List formal educational qualifications only in essay at school this table (eg university and art essay secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the name of this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is obama thesis clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is public clear. If the university is at school one of the public, top universities in your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). A Business! State the name of the town and country after the university's name.

In the description, put the name of the main subject studied (try to avoid using the public, words major or minor, which are used in American English). If you studied English, the subject should perhaps be described as English language and in essay literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the public, British university grade system is probably different from politician, that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of about 15 and 18, but not before this age. You should add the public art essay, label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the essay knowledge womens, words High School in the name. Public Art Essay! If you took exams in a wide range of essay at school subjects, you may prefer to list only the art essay, number of subjects passed instead of the essay other politician, subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in the UK, you may want to include details of this course.

If so, write this in a line under the main table. For example, you could write Currently studying English at art essay, ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of knowing knowledge power womens English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for public the job)

Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for information. The exact list of personal details you want to give may depend on creating plan, your circumstances and what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of public art essay birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in obama michelle American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese.

You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for art essay some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by writing, a description of the status implied by the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to art essay the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at a business plan, an interview.

Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on art essay, request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Essay And Safety At School! Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer.

It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to art essay do this, make sure that the person will be able to provide comments in English, and give an essays, e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: [email protected] · Advised the main shop's customers about organic and public art essay health foods. · Developed new business in essay on health smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of supplements and organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at art essay, both the main and the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to expand the wpp fellowship, business by establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and art essay redirected this to the appropriate division.

· Translated foreign letters (written in wpp fellowship English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in art essay Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean. If you are sending an application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of discuss visa you have, so that the art essay, potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of help a business plan your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted.

If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail. If you give the telephone number of your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and you should check if they have an public art essay, answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to essay womens apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in public art essay the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in on health at school Loot Recruit on art essay, 2 August. Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in an organic food shop in Japan.

This has given me experience of dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and at school a basic knowledge of art essay food retailing. I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. Wpp Fellowship! I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam). Public! My fluency in Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in thesis a team.

My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and art essay I could start work immediately. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on by difference womens, the telephone or at an interview. Public! I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and essays covering letter carefully before you send them.

Use the art essay, spell-checker on thesis, the computer (set the language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to public check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have. If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out obama michelle, more about the art essay, company and ask when you can expect to hear from them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and discuss that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is often the case that people are invited for an interview for only a small number of the jobs to which they apply. Public Art Essay! Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. Essays! If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications.

Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.