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Daily life in ancient greece essay …
Saint Michel Archange de Dieu, conduis-nous au Christ ! mots cles : sacre-coeur, Coeur, jesus, priere, devotion, alacoque, jean-eudes. 1648 : Publication a Autun d’un petit volume, La Devotion au tres saint Coeur et au tres sacre Nom de la Bienheureuse Vierge Marie de Jean Eudes (mais sans mention de son nom), qui contient la presentation et le texte liturgique de la Messe et de l’Office, ainsi que les deux prieres Nous te saluons, Coeur tres Saint ( Ave Cor Sanctissimum ) et Nous te saluons Marie, Fille de Dieu le Pere ( Benedictum sit ), composees en 1641-1643. Daily In Ancient Greece? L’ouvrage est reedite a Caen en 1650, precede d’un traite sur la nouvelle devotion. Discrimination Essay? Le nom de l’auteur n’apparaitra qu’a partir de l’edition de 1663. Filius Dei, splendor Patris Fils de Dieu, splendeur du Pere, Per Cor sacrum tuae Matris Par le Coeur sacre de votre Mere, In corde nostro Cor tuum Qu’en notre Coeur votre Coeur. Vivat, regnet in in ancient, aeternum ! Vive et regne a jamais ! » Jean Eudes, Office de 1648, Doxologie des hymnes.
Priere liturgique : Litanies au Sacre-Coeur. Pere du ciel, Seigneur Dieu, prends pitie de nous. Fils, Redempteur du monde, Seigneur Dieu, prends pitie de nous. Esprit Saint, Seigneur Dieu, prends pitie de nous. Sainte Trinite, un seul Dieu, prends pitie de nous.
C?ur de Jesus, Fils du Pere eternel, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, forme par le Saint-Esprit dans le sein de la Vierge Mere, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, uni substantiellement au Verbe de Dieu, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, d’une majeste infinie, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, saint temple de Dieu, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, tabernacle du Tres-Haut, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, maison de Dieu et porte du ciel, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, foyer ardent de charite, prends pitie de nous.
C?ur de Jesus, sanctuaire de la justice et de l’amour, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, plein de bonte et de misericorde, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, abime de toutes les vertus, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, tres digne de toute louange, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, roi et centre de tous les c?urs, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, en qui sont tous les tresors de la sagesse et de la science, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, en qui habite la plenitude de la divinite, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, en qui le Pere a mis tout son amour, prends pitie de nous.
C?ur de Jesus, qui nous donnes a tous de ta plenitude, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, desir des collines eternelles, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, doux et humble, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, patient et tres misericordieux, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, emu de compassion pour la foule sans berger, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, genereux envers tous ceux qui t’invoquent, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, source de vie et de saintete, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, propitiation pour nos peches, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, rassasie d’opprobres, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, brise par nos offenses, prends pitie de nous.
C?ur de Jesus, obeissant jusqu’a la mort, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, transperce par la lance, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, source de toute consolation, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, notre vie et notre resurrection, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, notre paix et notre reconciliation, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, victime pour nos peches, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, salut de ceux qui esperent en toi, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, esperance de ceux qui meurent en toi, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, source jaillissante pour la vie eternelle, prends pitie de nous. C?ur de Jesus, delices de tous les saints, prends pitie de nous.
Agneau de Dieu, qui enleves le peche du monde, pardonne-nous, Seigneur. Agneau de Dieu, qui enleves le peche du monde, exauce-nous, Seigneur. Agneau de Dieu, qui enleves le peche du monde, prends pitie de nous. V. Creative Picture Prompts? Jesus, doux et humble de c?ur, R. Daily Life In Ancient Greece? Fais-nous un c?ur semblable a ton c?ur. Seigneur, notre Pere, en venerant le C?ur de ton Fils bien-aime, nous disons les merveilles de ton amour pour nous; Fais que nous recevions de cette source divine une grace plus abondante. Par Jesus, le Christ, notre Seigneur. Priere de sainte Marguerite-Marie Alacoque (1647-1690) O tres amoureux C?ur de mon unique amour Jesus, ne pouvant vous aimer, honorer et glorifier selon l’etendue du desir que vous m’en donnez, j’invite le ciel et la terre de le faire pour moi ; et je m’unis a ces ardents seraphins pour vous aimer.
O Coeur tout brulant d’amour, que n’enflammez-vous le ciel et la terre de vos plus pures flammes pour en consommer tout ce qu’ils enserrent, afin que toutes les creatures ne respirent que votre amour ! Changez-moi tout en Coeur pour vous aimer, en me consommant dans vos plus vives ardeurs. Creative Dot Com? O feu divin, o flammes toutes pures du Coeur de mon unique amour Jesus, brulez-moi sans pitie, consommez-moi sans resistance ! O amour du ciel et de la terre, venez, venez tout dans mon Coeur pour me reduire en cendres ! O feu devorant de la Divinite, venez, venez fondre sur moi ! Brulez-moi, consommez-moi au milieu de vos plus vives flammes, qui font vivre ceux qui y meurent. Greece Essay? Ainsi soit-il ! Priere extraite de Vie et ?uvres, Paris, De Gigord, 1920 (4° ed.). - Writing Dot Com? Citee in in ancient greece, Edouard Glotin, Prier a Paray-le-Monial, Paris, Desclee de Brouwer, 1996. Litanies au Sacre-Coeur : Nom de Jesus. Nom de Jesus, le nom du Bien-Aime, Le nom du Premier-Ne, loue sois-tu! C?ur de Jesus, brule de tant d’amour, Meurtri par le peche, pitie pour nous ! Nom de Jesus, le nom du vrai Pasteur, Le nom du Prince-Agneau, loue sois-tu ! C?ur de Jesus, repos des c?urs blesses,
Et grace des pecheurs, pitie pour nous! Nom de Jesus, plus beau que tous les noms, Le nom qui nomme Dieu, loue sois-tu ! C?ur de Jesus, qui dis le c?ur de Dieu, Plus grand que notre c?ur, pitie pour nous ! Nom de Jesus, le nom des baptises, Seul nom des justifies, loue sois-tu ! C?ur de Jesus, le c?ur de l’Homme Dieu,
Le c?ur de Dieu en croix, pitie pour nous ! Nom de Jesus, qui blesses notre c?ur. Et creuses tout desir, loue sois-tu! C?ur de Jesus, qui calmes toute soif. Et combles toute faim, pitie pour nous ! Nom de Jesus, puissance de Salut. Qui marques notre front, loue sois-tu ! C?ur de Jesus, qui menes vers la joie, Qui gardes dans la paix, pitie pour nous. Nom de Jesus, soleil en plein minuit, Fraicheur en plein ete, loue sois-tu! C?ur de Jesus, printemps en plein hiver, Fontaine en plein desert, pitie pour nous ! Nom de Jesus, plus clair que n’est le jour, Plus doux que n’est le miel, loue sois-tu ! C?ur de Jesus, etoile du chemin,
Rocher qui donnes l’eau, pitie pour nous! Nom de Jesus, la perle de grand prix, Tresor qui passe tout, loue sois-tu ! C?ur de Jesus, violent comme est l’amour, Puissant comme est le feu, pitie pour nous ! Acte de Consecration individuel de Marguerite-Marie (1647-1690) La sainte attribuait cette consecration a Notre-Seigneur Lui-meme. Phd Thesis Language? « Elle vient de Lui « , ecrivait-elle au Pere Croiset . Life? Elle est connue sous le nom de « Petite Consecration ». Creative Essay? Il en existe deux formules presque identiques – toutes deux autographes – conservees au monastere de Nevers. Life In Ancient Essay? L’une fut adressee a la S?ur Felice-Madeleine de la Barge, l’autre a la Mere de Soudeilles : c’est cette derniere qui est reproduite ici. Je, N**, me donne et consacre au Sacre-Coeur de Notre-Seigneur Jesus-Christ ; je lui donne ma personne et ma vie, mes actions, peines et souffrances, pour ne plus vouloir me servir d’aucune partie de mon etre que pour L’honorer, aimer et glorifier. Of Literature? C’est ici ma volonte irrevocable que d’etre toute a Lui et faire tout pour son amour, en renoncant de tout mon Coeur a tout ce qui Lui pourrait deplaire. Je Vous prends donc, o Sacre-Coeur, pour l’unique objet de mon amour, le protecteur de ma vie, l’assurance de mon salut, le remede de ma fragilite et de mon inconstance, le reparateur de tous les defauts de ma vie et mon asile assure a l’heure de ma mort. Greece Essay? Soyez donc, o Coeur de bonte, ma justification envers Dieu le Pere, et detournez de moi les traits de sa juste colere. Creative Dot Com? O Coeur d’amour, je mets toute ma confiance en Vous, car je crains tout de ma malice et de ma faiblesse, mais j’espere tout de vos bontes.
Consumez donc en moi tout ce qui Vous peut deplaire ou resister. Life In Ancient Greece? Que votre pur amour s’imprime si avant dans mon Coeur que jamais je ne Vous puisse oublier, ni etre separee de Vous. Writing Statements Law School? Je Vous conjure par toutes vos bontes que mon nom soit ecrit en Vous, puisque je veux faire consister tout mon bonheur et toute ma gloire a vivre et a mourir en qualite de votre esclave. Daily Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Ainsi soit-il. Acte de Consecration du Pere Claude de La Colombiere (1641-1682)
Cette consecration convient specialement aux Religieux, et est une excellente maniere de renouveler les v?ux de profession. O mon adorable Redempteur, je me donne et me consacre a votre Sacre Coeur en la maniere la plus parfaite et la plus etendue qu’il m’est possible. Discrimination And Tolerance? Je me suis cloue a votre Croix par les v?ux de ma profession ; je les renouvelle dans ce Coeur divin en presence du ciel et de la terre ; je Vous rends graces de me les avoir inspirees. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Je confesse que le joug de votre saint service n’est ni rude ni pesant, que je ne me trouve point embarrasse de mes liens. Essay Picture Prompts? Je voudrais, au contraire, les multiplier, en serrer les n?uds davantage. J’embrasse donc l’aimable croix de ma vocation jusqu’a ma mort ; elle sera tout mon plaisir, toute ma gloire et tous mes delices. Daily In Ancient Essay? Absit mihi gloriari nisi in essay, Cruce Domini nostri Jesu Christi per daily, quem mihi mundus crucifixus est, et ego mundo. Of Literature Performance? A Dieu ne plaise que je me glorifie, que je me rejouisse jamais, sinon dans la croix de Jesus-Christ ! A Dieu ne plaise que j’aie jamais d’autre tresor que sa pauvrete, d’autres delices que ses souffrances, d’autre amour que Lui-meme ! Non, non, mon aimable Sauveur, jamais je ne me detacherai de Vous, et je ne m’attacherai qu’a Vous ; les plus etroits sentiers de la vie parfaite a laquelle je me sens appele ne me donnent point de frayeur, parce que Vous etes ma lumiere et ma force. J’espere donc, Seigneur, que Vous me rendrez inebranlable dans toutes les tentations, victorieux contre les efforts de mes ennemis, et que Vous etendrez sur moi cette main qui m’a departi tant de faveurs, pour m’etre toujours plus liberale. Je Vous en conjure, mon adorable Jesus, par votre sang, par toutes vos plaies et par votre Sacre Coeur : faites que, par la consecration que je Vous fais de tout ce que je suis, je devienne en ce jour une nouvelle production de votre amour ! Ainsi soit-il.
Acte de Consecration compose par Pie IX en 1875. C’est cette consecration qui fut recitee le 16 juin 1875 par M. Life In Ancient Essay? l’abbe d’Hulst, a l’occasion de la pose et de la benediction de la premiere pierre de la Basilique du Sacre-Coeur de Montmartre a Paris. Cet Acte de consecration avait ete approuve par un decret de la Sacree Congregation des Rites le 22 avril 1875 : « Aujourd’hui donc, Sa Saintete […] approuve l’Acte de consecration joint a ce decret, et Elle le propose a tous les fideles desireux de se consacrer au Tres Sacre Coeur de Jesus, pour qu’ils le recitent, en quelque langue que ce soit, pourvu que la traduction en soit exacte. Personal Statements Law School? Tous les fideles chretiens, en se consacrant ainsi au divin Coeur de Jesus en la meme forme, attesteront, d’une maniere plus frappante, l’unite de l’Eglise. Life Essay? Ils trouveront dans ce divin Coeur, un refuge inexpugnable contre les dangers spirituels qui les environnent, la force d’ame dans les tribulations actuelles de l’Eglise, enfin la consolation et une esperance inebranlable au milieu de toutes leurs angoisses… » (extrait du decret du 22 avril 1875). O Jesus, mon Redempteur et mon Dieu, nonobstant le grand amour qui vous a porte a repandre tout votre sang precieux pour les hommes, ils ne vous refusent pas seulement leur amour, mais ils vous offensent, vous outragent, blasphement votre nom et profanent les jours consacres a votre culte. - Help? Ah ! puisse-je offrir quelque satisfaction a votre Coeur divin ! Puisse-je reparer l’ingratitude dont vous etes victime de la part du plus grand nombre des hommes ! Je voudrais pouvoir vous prouver combien je desire, en presence de tous, honorer votre Coeur adorable, repondre par l’amour a son immense amour et accroitre de plus en plus votre gloire ! Je voudrais pouvoir obtenir la conversion des pecheurs et secouer l’indifference de tant de chretiens qui, peu sensibles au bonheur d’etre les enfants de l’Eglise, votre epouse, n’ont a Coeur ni ses interets, ni ceux de votre gloire. Daily Life Greece Essay? Je voudrais pouvoir desabuser ces catholiques qui, tout en se distinguant par les ?uvres exterieures de charite, demeurent trop attaches a leurs opinions, repugnent a se soumettre aux decisions du Saint-Siege, ou nourrissent des sentiments peu conformes a son enseignement ; je voudrais qu’ils comprissent enfin que celui qui, en toutes choses, n’ecoute pas l’Eglise, n’ecoute pas Dieu toujours present en elle.
Pour atteindre ces fins si saintes, pour obtenir le triomphe et la tranquillite stable de l’Eglise, votre epouse sans tache, le bien-etre et la prosperite de votre Vicaire sur la terre, l’accomplissement de ses saintes intentions, la sanctification et la perfection toujours croissante du Clerge, la realisation de vos desseins, o mon Jesus, et la pleine satisfaction de votre divine bonte, la conversion des pecheurs et les progres des justes, pour assurer le salut de nos ames, enfin pour plaire a votre tres aimable Coeur, prosterne a vos pieds, en la presence de la tres sainte Vierge Marie et de toute la cour celeste, je reconnais solennellement que, par tous les titres de justice et de reconnaissance, je vous appartiens entierement et uniquement, o Jesus, mon Redempteur, unique source du bonheur spirituel et temporel ; et, m’unissant a l’intention du Souverain Pontife, je me consacre moi-meme avec tout ce qui m’appartient a votre Coeur sacre, que je m’engage a aimer et a servir de toute mon ame, de tout mon Coeur et de toutes mes forces, en m’appropriant vos volontes et unissant tous mes desirs aux votres. Creative - Writing - Help? Pour vous donner une marque publique de la sincerite de cette consecration, je declare solennellement devant vous, o mon Dieu, que je veux a l’avenir honorer votre divin Coeur, en observant, suivant les regles de l’Eglise, les fetes de precepte, et en usant de toute mon autorite pour en assurer autour de moi l’observance. Life In Ancient? C’est dans votre aimable Coeur, o Jesus, que je depose tous ces saints desirs et les resolutions que votre grace m’a inspirees, dans l’espoir de pouvoir par la compenser, en quelque maniere, les injures que vous recevez de l’ingratitude des hommes et trouver, pour mon ame et les ames de tous les miens, ma felicite et la leur dans cette vie et dans l’autre. Creative? Ainsi soit-il. P. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? de Franciosi, Le Sacre-Coeur de Jesus et la Tradition, Tournai – Paris, Casterman, 1908 (2° edition). Consecration d’une famille (Intronisation) La consecration des familles au Sacre-Coeur a ete initiee par le Frere Theodore Wibaux, ancien zouave pontifical et religieux scolastique de la Compagnie de Jesus.
En 1882, peu avant sa mort, il propose a la revue du Messager du Coeur de Jesus l’idee d’une propagande qui inviterait les familles chretiennes a l’accomplissement de cette consecration. Phd Thesis Language? Aussitot relayee par le journal, cette idee connait immediatement un grand succes, et en 1890, c’est 35 volumes remplis des noms des familles consacrees qui sont apportes a Paray-le-Monial. Life In Ancient Greece? Apres une periode de ralentissement, ce mouvement a retrouve un second souffle grace a l’apostolat du Pere Mateo , et ceci des 1907, par l’instauration de l’Intronisation du Sacre Coeur de Jesus dans les foyers. Review Performance Of Banks? Le Pere Mateo sera encourage par Rome a plusieurs reprises, notamment par Pie X et Benoit XV (cf. Life Greece Essay? la chronologie en 1907 et 1915), et le cardinal Billot lui ecrit en ce sens le 26 avril 1915 : « Par le grand sacrement qui est a sa base, la famille chretienne nous apparait comme plongeant ses racines dans les profondeurs memes du Coeur ou l’Eglise a pris naissance. Phd Thesis In Computer Assisted? Et s’il en est ainsi, ou donc la devotion au Sacre-Coeur sera-t-elle mieux a sa place ? Ou aura-t-elle un milieu et, si je l’osais dire, un terrain de culture plus approprie ? Surtout ou trouvera-t-on un moyen plus connaturel (passez-moi ce barbarisme) de surnaturaliser la famille et de l’elever a la hauteur de l’ideal voulu par Jesus-Christ ? » . Voici le texte de cet Acte de consecration, dans la formulation de Pie X (19 mai 1908) : Coeur sacre de Jesus, vous qui avez manifeste a sainte Marguerite-Marie le desir de regner sur les familles chretiennes, nous venons aujourd’hui proclamer votre Royaute la plus absolue sur la notre.
Nous voulons vivre desormais de votre vie et la rayonner autour de nous ; nous voulons faire fleurir dans notre sein les vertus auxquelles Vous avez promis la paix des ici-bas, nous voulons bannir loin de nous l’esprit mondain que Vous avez maudit. Vous regnerez sur nos intelligences par la simplicite de notre foi ; Vous regnerez sur nos Coeurs par l’amour sans reserve dont ils bruleront pour Vous, et dont nous entretiendrons la flamme par la reception frequente de votre divine Eucharistie. Daignez, o divin Coeur, presider nos reunions, benir nos entreprises spirituelles et temporelles, ecarter nos soucis, sanctifier nos joies, soulager nos peines. Daily? Si jamais l’un ou l’autre d’entre nous avait le malheur de Vous affliger, rappelez-lui, o Coeur de Jesus, que Vous etes bon et misericordieux pour le pecheur penitent. In Computer Language? Et quand sonnera l’heure de la separation, quand la mort viendra jeter le deuil au milieu de nous, nous serons tous, et ceux qui partent et ceux qui restent, soumis a vos decrets eternels. Daily? Nous nous consolerons par la pensee qu’un jour viendra, ou toute la famille, reunie au ciel, pourra chanter a jamais vos gloires et vos bienfaits.
Daigne le Coeur immacule de Marie, daigne le glorieux Patriarche saint Joseph, Vous presenter cette consecration, et nous la rappeler tous les jours de notre vie ! Vive le Coeur de Jesus notre Roi et notre Pere ! L’Apostolat de la Priere a diffuse parallelement l’Acte suivant aupres des familles, en vue de hater l’avenement du Regne social de Jesus-Christ dans le monde : Divin Coeur de Jesus, nous voici prosternes devant votre sainte image, dans les sentiments de la reconnaissance la plus vive pour tous vos bienfaits et de l’amour le plus ardent pour votre ineffable bonte. Afin de repondre, dans la mesure de notre pouvoir, a l’appel que Vous nous adressez en vain depuis si longtemps ; afin de hater dans notre patrie l’etablissement du Regne social de votre Coeur adorable, o Jesus, nous vous consacrons, sous les auspices du Coeur immacule de Marie et sous le patronage de saint Joseph, notre famille tout entiere. Review Of Literature On Financial Of Banks? Que notre foyer, comme celui de Nazareth, soit le sejour inviolable de l’honneur, de la foi, de la charite, du travail, de la priere, de l’ordre et de la paix domestique. Life Greece? Soyez-y, Vous-meme, la regle souveraine de toute notre conduite et le vigilant protecteur de tous nos interets. Nous Vous consacrons, aimable Jesus, toutes les epreuves, toutes les joies, tous les evenements de notre vie de famille, et nous Vous supplions de repandre vos meilleures benedictions sur tous ses membres, absents et presents, vivants et decedes. - Help Dot Com? Nous les confions pour toujours a la garde de votre divin Coeur, et si quelqu’un parmi eux a jamais eu le malheur de contrister votre saint amour, nous faisons amende honorable pour son peche. Life In Ancient? Au nom de votre Coeur sacre, o Jesus, acceptez notre reparation et faites misericorde au coupable. Nous Vous prions aussi pour toutes les familles de l’univers : protegez le berceau des nouveau-nes, l’ecole des adolescents, la vocation des jeunes gens ; soyez la force des infirmes, le soutien des vieillards, l’appui des veuves, le pere des orphelins ; veillez Vous-meme, dans chaque demeure, au chevet des malades et des agonisants. Mais, o Jesus, ocean de misericorde et d’amour, nous Vous supplions surtout de nous secourir au moment de la mort ; unissez-nous alors plus etroitement que jamais a votre divin Coeur et au Coeur immacule de votre auguste Mere ; devenez notre asile, notre refuge, notre lit de repos ; et apres nous etre tour a tour endormis sur votre sein beni, o Jesus, que chacun de nous, au Paradis, retrouve sa famille tout entiere dans votre Coeur sacre.
Sur la base des deux Actes qui precedent, un troisieme a cours aujourd’hui, qui en est tout a la fois le resume et la synthese : Coeur sacre de Jesus, vous qui avez manifeste a sainte Marguerite-Marie le desir de regner sur les familles chretiennes, nous venons aujourd’hui proclamer votre royaute la plus absolue sur la notre. Of Literature On Financial Performance? Nous voulons vivre desormais de votre vie et la rayonner autour de nous ; nous voulons faire fleurir chez nous les vertus chretiennes, vivre fidelement l’Evangile et faire connaitre celui-ci a nos freres par l’exemple et la parole. Vous regnerez sur nos esprits en les gardant fermes dans la foi. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Vous regnerez sur nos Coeurs par la charite mutuelle vecue par amour pour vous. Coeur de Jesus, vous presiderez nos assemblees familiales, entretenant entre nous la comprehension et la confiance ; vous benirez nos travaux et nos entreprises ; vous nous eclairerez dans nos soucis et vous nous soutiendrez dans nos angoisses ; vous nous reconforterez dans nos peines et c’est en vous que nous nous rejouirons. Discrimination? Si l’un de nous vient a s’eloigner de vous, vous le rechercherez comme la brebis egaree et vous le ramenerez au bercail.
Lorsque la mort viendra briser nos liens humains, vous nous apporterez la consolation et l’esperance, nous montrant que notre famille pourra en vous se reformer et demeurer a jamais. A la gloire de votre Coeur, puisse notre famille reproduire ici-bas la sainte famille de Nazareth, votre famille humaine ou tous les Coeurs etaient tout devoues a la gloire de Dieu et au service du prochain. Daily In Ancient Essay? Coeur de Jesus, obtenez-nous de poursuivre fidelement un tel ideal ! Ainsi soit-il. Il existe par ailleurs un document – portant le titre de « Document familial » – destine a rappeler la solennite de cet Acte, que le Pere Mateo souhaitait voir renouvele tous les ans ou, mieux encore, tous les mois. Of Literature Of Banks? En voici le contenu : Intronisation du Sacre-Coeur de Jesus au foyer par la consecration de la famille. Le … du mois de … 19.. Life Greece Essay? a …, la famille … a solennellement intronise le Coeur de Jesus dans sa maison, en lui consacrant tous ses membres, parents, absents et meme defunts. In Computer Assisted Language? Par ce temoignage d’amour et de reparation, elle entend Le reconnaitre comme son Seigneur et Maitre. Daily Essay? Elle accepte pleinement les commandements de Dieu et de la sainte Eglise ; elle exprime son horreur pour toutes les violations sacrileges de ses Droits de Souverain absolu des individus, des familles, des nations ; elle reprouve sans reserve tous les attentats contre les saintes lois du mariage chretien ; enfin, elle adhere de Coeur et d’esprit a l’autorite du Pontife romain.
En meme temps, honoree de la visite de Jesus, qui veut bien s’etablir chez elle comme chez Lui ; en echange de la douce confiance, de la tendre amitie de son Coeur, qui lui fait dire : Voici votre Roi de douceur ; Vous etes mes amis , elle Lui demande a genoux d’accepter, comme jadis a Bethanie, cette humble hospitalite. Essay? En foi de quoi nous signons : … Consecration quotidienne de la famille au Sacre-Coeur. Coeur Sacre de Jesus, nous nous consacrons a vous. In Ancient? Benissez notre famille, notre maison, nos entreprises. Personal? Donnez-nous la grace d’accomplir de notre mieux tous nos devoirs. Life Greece? Mettez en nous la paix et la confiance. Discrimination And Tolerance Essay? Consolez-nous dans nos peines et faites que nous vous aimions toujours de plus en plus. Coeur Sacre de Jesus, que votre regne arrive ! Acte de Reparation au Sacre Coeur de Jesus de Pie XI (1928) Cette priere de consecration centree sur la Reparation doit etre recitee le jour de la fete du Sacre-Coeur, ainsi que les premiers vendredis du mois. Life In Ancient Essay? Elle etait jointe a l’Encyclique Miserentissimus Redemptor du 8 mai 1928. Tres doux Jesus, dont l’immense amour pour les hommes a ete payee de tant d’ingratitude, d’oubli, de negligence, de mepris, nous voici prosternes devant vos autels.
Nous voulons reparer par des temoignages particuliers d’honneur l’indigne froideur des hommes et les injures qui, de toutes parts, blessent votre Coeur tres aimant. Nous n’oublions pas, toutefois, que nous n’avons pas toujours ete, nous-memes, exempts de reproches. In Computer? Nous en ressentons une tres vive douleur et nous implorons, pour nous d’abord, votre misericorde, disposes a reparer par une expiation volontaire, non seulement les peches que nous avons commis nous-memes, mais encore les fautes de ceux qui errent loin de la voie du salut, les infideles obstines qui refusent de vous suivre comme leur pasteur et leur guide et les chretiens qui ont renie les promesses de leur bapteme et secoue le joug tres suave de votre loi. Ces fautes deplorables, nous voulons les expier toutes, et nous nous proposons de reparer en particulier l’immodestie et l’impudeur de la conduite et de la toilette, les embuches tendues par la corruption aux ames innocentes, la profanation des fetes religieuses, les blasphemes dont vous etes l’objet, vous et vos Saints, les insultes adressees a votre Vicaire et a vos pretres, la negligence envers le Sacrement du divin amour ou sa profanation par d’horribles sacrileges, enfin les crimes publics des nations qui combattent les droits et le magistere de l’Eglise que vous avez instituee. Ah ! puissions-nous laver ces crimes dans notre sang ! Du moins, pour reparer l’honneur divin outrage, nous vous presentons, en union avec les expiations de la Vierge votre Mere, de tous les Saints et des fideles pieux, la reparation que vous avez un jour offerte au Pere sur la croix et que vous continuez de renouveler chaque jour sur les autels. Daily In Ancient Greece Essay? Nous vous promettons du fond de notre Coeur de reparer, autant que nous le pourrons, et avec le secours de votre grace, nos fautes passees et celles des autres, et l’indigne oubli de votre incomparable amour, par une foi inebranlable, par une vie pure, par l’observation parfaite de la loi evangelique, et particulierement de la charite. Essay? Nous vous promettons d’empecher selon nos forces les offenses dont vous serez menace et d’amener le plus d’hommes possible a vous suivre.
Tres doux Jesus, recevez, nous vous en prions, par l’intercession de la Bienheureuse Vierge Marie Reparatrice, cet hommage volontaire d’expiation, et daignez nous accorder le don precieux de la perseverance, qui nous garde fideles jusqu’a la mort dans votre obeissance et votre service, afin que nous puissions un jour parvenir a cette patrie ou vous vivez et regnez, vrai Dieu, avec le Pere et le Saint-Esprit, dans les siecles des siecles. Greece Essay? Ainsi soit-il. Dans le petit volume publie a Autun en 1648, portant pour titre La Devotion au tres saint Coeur et au tres sacre Nom de la Bienheureuse Vierge Marie par Jean Eudes , se trouvaient outre les textes liturgiques de la Messe et de l’Office, deux prieres composees par le saint : Nous te saluons, Coeur tres Saint ( Ave Cor Sanctissimum ) et Nous te saluons Marie, Fille de Dieu le Pere ( Benedictum sit ). June 4th Sat? C’est la premiere de ces prieres que nous reproduisons ici, dans sa version francaise. Je vous salue, o Coeur tres saint, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres doux. Je vous salue, o Coeur tres humble, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres pur, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres devot, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres sage,
Je vous salue, o Coeur tres patient, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres obeissant, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres vigilant, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres fidele, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres heureux, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres misericordieux, Je vous salue, o Coeur tres aimant de Jesus [et de Marie].
Nous vous adorons, nous vous louons, nous vous glorifions, nous vous remercions. Greece? – Nous vous aimons de tout notre Coeur, de toute notre ame et de toutes nos forces. And Tolerance? – Nous vous offrons notre Coeur, nous vous le donnons, nous vous le consacrons, nous vous l’immolons. Daily Greece? Recevez-le et possedez-le tout entier ; purifiez-le, eclairez-le et sanctifiez-le ; afin qu’en lui vous viviez et regniez maintenant et toujours dans les siecles des siecles. Traduction francaise in writing personal statements, Abbe Levesque, L’Origine du Culte du Sacre-Coeur de Jesus, Avignon, Maison Aubanel, 1930. «Ave Cor Sanctissimum, ave Cor vigilantissimum, ave Cor purissimum, ave Cor amatissimum Jesu. Life Greece Essay? Te laudamus, Te benedicimus, Te bone Jesu adoramus, Te glorificamus, Tibi gratias agimus, Te amamus ex toto corde nostro, ex tota anima nostra, ex totis viribus nostris, Tibi cor nostrum offerimus, conservamus, atque immolamus; illud benedicat, purificat, sanctificat, ut in creative essay prompts, ipso vivas et regnas nunc et in daily greece essay, s?cula s?culorum. June 4th Sat Essay? Amen. Ave Cor Sanctissimum, Ave Cor dulcissimum. Ave Cor humilissimum, Ave Cor purissimim, Ave Cor devotissimum, Ave Cor saptientissimum, Ave Cor patientissimum, Ave Cor obediente,
Ave Cor vigilantissimum, Ave Cor fidelissimum, Ave Cor beatissimum, ave Cor amatissimum Jesu, Adoramus Te, Laudamus Te, Glorificamus Te, Gratias agimus Tibi, Amamus Te ex toto corde nostro, ex tota anima nostra, ex totis viribus nostris, Tibi cor nostrum offerimus, conservamus, atque immolamus; illud benedicat, purificat, sanctificat, ut in daily life essay, ipso vivas et regnas nunc et in creative, s?cula s?culorum. Life Greece Essay? Amen. Coeur de Jesus, Coeur tres pur, o sanctuaire de saintete, purifiez mon Coeur souille, souille de tant de fautes. Coeur tres doux, Coeur tres humble, Coeur debordant de bonte, donnez-moi un Coeur semblable au votre, un foyer de charite ; Mais quoi, quand meme il brulerait d’amour seraphique, mon Coeur serait incapable de vous payer de retour. Afin donc que je puisse, Coeur de Jesus, vous aimer dignement, donnez-moi un rayon de cet amour immense que vous m’avez voue.
Que, par les traits de votre amour, mon pauvre Coeur s’embrase ; puisse cette flamme sacree reduire mon Coeur en cendres ! O mort tres desiree que la mort par amour ! Que mon Coeur soit victime de son amour pour le Coeur du Sauveur. June 4th Sat Essay? Amen. O Dieu, qui dans le Coeur de votre Fils, blesse par nos peches, daignez nous prodiguer les tresors infinis de son amour, faites, nous vous en supplions, qu’en Lui rendant l’hommage de notre devotion et de notre piete, nous remplissions aussi dignement envers lui le devoir de la reparation. Essay? Par le meme Jesus-Christ Notre Seigneur. 4th Sat? Amen.
Faites, Seigneur Jesus, que nous soyons revetus des vertus de votre tres Saint Coeur et embrases de ses sentiments afin que, formes a l’image de votre bonte, nous meritions d’avoir part aussi a votre redemption. Coeur de Jesus, nous vous louons, nous vous benissons, nous vous glorifions, nous vous rendons graces. Life? Nous vous aimons de tout notre Coeur, de toute notre ame et de toutes nos forces. Nous vous offrons notre Coeur, o Coeur de Jesus, nous vous le donnons, consacrons, immolons ; recevez-le et possedez-le tout entier ; purifiez-le, illuminez-le et sanctifiez-le et, en lui, vivez et regnez pour tous les siecles. June Essay? Amen. Priere extraite de Dom Bernardin, L’Abeille Mystique, Paris, la Diffusion Scientifique, 1988. o Sacre Coeur de Jesus, de tout ce que vous avez fait pour sauver nos ames, et ne les laissez pas perir. Souvenez-vous de l’eternel. et immense amour que vous avez eu pour elles; ne repoussez pas ces ames. qui viennent a vous defaillantes. sous le poids de leurs miseres, oppressees sous celui de tant de douleurs.
Soyez touche de notre faiblesse, des dangers qui nous environnent de toutes parts, des maux qui nous font soupirer et gemir. Remplis de confiance et d’amour, nous venons a votre Coeur, o Jesus, comme au Coeur du meilleur des peres, du plus tendre et du plus compatissant des amis. Recevez-nous, o Sacre Coeur, dans votre infinie tendresse, faites-nous ressentir les effets. de votre compassion et de votre amour ; montrez-vous notre appui, notre mediateur aupres de votre Pere. Au nom de votre Sang et de vos merites, accordez-nous la force dans nos faiblesses, la consolation dans nos peines, la grace de vous aimer dans le temps. et celle de vous posseder dans l’eternite. Elle apparait des les premiers ouvrages publies sur la devotion au Sacre-Coeur de Jesus, a la fin du XVII° siecle.
Elle se presente alors ainsi : « Composee de trente-trois petits Grains, et de cinq Marques pour honorer les annees de la Vie de Notre Seigneur, et ses Saintes Plaies » : Sur la croix on daily life in ancient greece, recitera le Magnificat , ou le Cantique de la Vierge Mon ame magnifie le Seigneur, etc. Review Of Literature On Financial Performance? pour honorer les premiers mouvements du Sacre Coeur de Jesus, qui sont si saintement exprimes par ce Cantique de sa glorieuse Mere. On honorera en meme temps l’union des Coeurs de Jesus et Marie ; on daily life essay, s’unira aux louanges que l’un et l’autre rendirent a la Sainte Trinite durant neuf mois que la Ste Vierge porta son Divin Enfant. Sur les Marques on essay picture, dira le Pater , pour honorer les cinq Plaies de Jesus-Christ et pour unir nos prieres a celles de son Coeur [dont le Pater est une production] les offrant au Pere Eternel, avec tous les gemissements, pour toutes les necessites de la Sainte Eglise. Sur les trente-trois petits Grains on life greece, dira : O vere adorator, et unice Dei amator, miserere nobis ; ou bien : O vrai adorateur et unique amateur de Dieu ayez pitie de nous , pour s’unir aux louanges, a l’amour, et aux adorations que le Saint Coeur de Jesus a rendu a la Sainte Trinite, pendant les trente-trois annees de sa vie mortelle, et a celles qu’il lui rend dans le Ciel pour toute l’Eternite, et sur la Terre dans le tres Saint Sacrement de l’Autel, jusqu’a la consommation des siecles. Les Amants du Sacre Coeur de Jesus sont invites a faire la Communion les uns pour les autres tous les premiers vendredis, ou quelque autre jour de chaque mois ; et a se trouver tous les jours ensemble sur les 9 heures du matin, ou sur les 4 heures du soir dans ce Sacre Coeur, comme dans un Divin Rendez-vous, pour y rendre leurs hommages, chacun selon son attrait, et la mesure de la Grace ; n’etant besoin que d’une elevation d’esprit et union de Coeur a celui de Jesus-Christ, et en son amour, a tous ceux qui sont a lui et qui l’honorent. Extrait de La Devotion au Sacre Coeur de Notre Seigneur Jesus Christ, Edition nouvelle augmentee de plusieurs pratiques pieuses, Suivant la copie de Lyon, A Liege, Chez Joseph Louis de Milst, Imprimeur de Son Altesse Serenissime, 1699. Ci-dessous une autre version de cette Couronne, proposee a la fin du XIX° siecle : V./ O Dieu ! venez a mon aide. R./ Seigneur, hatez-vous de me secourir. Gloire au Pere, au Fils et au Saint-Esprit, … 01.
Mon aimable Jesus, quand je reflechis a la bonte infinie de votre Coeur, et que je le vois plein de compassion et de douceur pour les pecheurs, je sens le mien tressaillir d’allegresse, et j’ose esperer que vous daignerez m’accueillir favorablement. Discrimination? J’ai commis a la verite une multitude de peches ; mais maintenant je les deteste et je les pleure, a l’exemple de Pierre et de Madeleine, parce qu’ils vous ont outrage, vous qui etes le souverain bien ; accordez-m’en le pardon. In Ancient? Puisse-je mourir plutot que de vous offenser a l’avenir ! Ici l’on recite un Pater, cinq Gloria Patri, et l’Aspiration : Divin Coeur de Jesus, donnez-moi pour partage de vous aimer toujours, et toujours davantage. 02. Phd Thesis In Computer Assisted Language Learning? Je benis, o Jesus ! votre Coeur si humble, et je vous remercie de ce qu’en me le donnant pour modele, non seulement vous m’excitez puissamment a l’imiter, mais encore vous me montrez et vous m’aplanissez le chemin du ciel par vos humiliations. Daily In Ancient Greece Essay? Ingrate et insensee que j’ai ete, que de fois je me suis egaree ! Pardonnez-moi : non, plus d’orgueil ; je veux desormais vous suivre dans les humiliations avec un Coeur humble, et obtenir la grace du salut. Creative - Help? Donnez-moi la force qui m’est necessaire, et je benirai a jamais votre Coeur adorable. Un Pater, cinq Gloria, et l’Aspiration. 03. Daily Greece? Je vous remercie, o Jesus ! de m’avoir laisse tant d’exemples d’une patience invincible.
Vous condamnez hautement ma delicatesse qui ne peut rien souffrir. Discrimination And Tolerance Essay? Remplissez mon Coeur de votre ardent amour pour la penitence, afin qu’apres avoir marche dans la route du Calvaire, je parvienne au sejour de la gloire et du bonheur. Un Pater, cinq Gloria, et l’Aspiration. 04. Daily Life Greece Essay? A la vue de votre Coeur plein de douceur, aimable Jesus, j’ai horreur du mien, qui est si different du votre. Creative? Helas ! il n’est que trop vrai qu’un geste, une parole piquante, un rien suffit pour me troubler et m’affliger ; pardonnez-moi mes emportements, et accordez-moi la grace d’imiter a l’avenir, dans les contrarietes, votre inalterable douceur, et de jouir toujours de la paix que vous etes venu apporter sur la terre. Un Pater, cinq Gloria, et l’Aspiration. 05. Life In Ancient Essay? Oui, mon Jesus, que l’on chante les louanges de votre Coeur sacre, vainqueur de l’enfer et de la mort ; il le merite bien. June? Pour moi, je suis plus confuse que jamais en voyant le mien tellement pusillanime qu’il craint la moindre injure ; mais a l’avenir il n’en sera plus ainsi. In Ancient Greece Essay? Accordez-moi le courage qui m’est necessaire pour combattre et vaincre sur la terre les ennemis de mon salut, afin de triompher avec vous dans le Ciel.
Un Pater, cinq Gloria, et l’Aspiration. Sainte Vierge Marie, Mere de mon Dieu et ma tendre mere, je vous en supplie par les merites de votre tres-saint Coeur, obtenez-moi une vraie et constante devotion au Coeur sacre de votre divin Fils, afin que, lui consacrant toutes mes pensees et mes affections, je puisse remplir constamment mes devoirs, et m’appliquer toujours, et des aujourd’hui, a le servir avec une sainte allegresse. V./ Coeur de Jesus, brulant d’amour pour nous, R./ Embrasez nos Coeurs d’amour pour vous. Prions. 4th Sat? Accordez-nous, o mon Dieu ! d’etre enflammees de ce feu que N.S.J.C. In Ancient? a tire du fond de son Coeur adorable pour l’apporter sur la terre, lui qui etant Dieu vit et regne avec vous, en l’unite du Saint-Esprit, dans tous les siecles des siecles. Cette priere a ete composee au XIVeme siecle et reprise par Saint Ignace de Loyola dans ses exercices spirituels. Ame de Jesus, sanctifiez-moi, Coeur de Jesus, enflammez-moi.
Sang de Jesus, enivrez-moi. Corps de Jesus, sauvez-moi. Eau du Cote de Jesus, lavez-moi. Mere de Jesus, priez pour moi. Passion de Jesus, confortez-moi. O bon Jesus, exaucez-moi. Cachez-moi dans les sacrees plaies. Ne souffrez pas que je me separe jamais de vous. Defendez-moi du malin esprit mon ennemi. Appelez-moi a l’heure de ma mort.
Et faites-moi venir a vous. Afin que je vous loue avec vos Saints dans tous les siecles. Ame du Christ, sanctifie-moi, Corps du Christ, sauve-moi, Sang du Christ, enivre-moi, Eau du cote du Christ, lave-moi, Passion du Christ, fortifie-moi. O bon Jesus, exauce-moi, dans tes blessures, cache-moi. Ne permets pas que je sois separe de toi ; de l’ennemi, defend-moi, a ma mort, appelle-moi, ordonne-moi de venir a toi, pour qu’avec tes saints je te loue, dans les siecles des siecles. Anima Christi, sanctifica me.
Corpus Christi, salva me. Sanguis Christi, inebria me. Aqua lateris Christi, lava me. Passio Christi, conforta me. O bone Jesu, exaudi me. Intra tua vulnera absconde me. Ne permittas me separari a te. Ab hoste maligno defende me.
In hora mortis meae voca me, Et jube me venire ad te, Ut cum Sanctis tuis laudem te. In saecula saeculorum. Chapelet du Sacre-Coeur de Jesus (XVIII° siecle) Manuel de piete a l’usage des eleves du Sacre-Coeur, Paris, Lecoffre Fils et Cie, 1871. Le Chapelet au Sacre Coeur apparait dans les livres de devotion au debut du XVIII° siecle. In Computer Assisted Learning? Dans les premieres editions, il est compose des cinq dizaines habituelles. Daily Life Essay? En voici une version, proposee dans un volume publie a Paris en 1738. Phd Thesis In Computer Assisted Language? On remarquera la premiere priere, directement inspiree de celle de saint Ignace de Loyola, telle qu’elle est reproduite dans les celebres « Exercices ».
Ame tres sainte de Jesus-Christ, sanctifiez-moi. Corps sacre de Jesus-Christ, nourrissez-moi. Divin Coeur de Jesus-Christ, attirez-moi. Sang adorable de Jesus-Christ, enivrez-moi. Eau qui coulez du cote de Jesus-Christ, lavez-moi. Passion de Jesus-Christ, fortifiez-moi. Plaies de Jesus-Christ, guerissez-moi.
Esprit de Jesus-Christ, possedez-moi. Bonte infinie de Jesus-Christ, pardonnez-moi. Beaute de Jesus-Christ, ravissez-moi. Paix de Jesus-Christ, pacifiez-moi. Amour de Jesus-Christ, embrasez-moi, transformez-moi. Royaume de Jesus-Christ, venez a moi. Grace de Jesus-Christ, remplissez-moi. Misericorde de Jesus-Christ, ayez pitie de moi et sauvez-moi. Yeux divins de Jesus-Christ, regardez-moi. Saintete de Jesus-Christ, sanctifiez-moi, consacrez-moi. Purete de Jesus-Christ, purifiez-moi.
Croix de Jesus-Christ, soutenez-moi. Clous de Jesus-Christ, attachez-moi. Epines de Jesus-Christ, couronnez-moi. Fiel et Vinaigre de Jesus-Christ, abreuvez-moi. Bouche sacree de Jesus-Christ, benissez-moi, dans le temps et dans l’eternite.
Ne permettez pas, mon Sauveur, que je sois separe de vous. Defendez-moi de la malice de mes ennemis. Appelez-moi a l’heure de ma mort, et donnez-moi la grace d’aller vers vous. Marie Mere de Jesus, tous les Anges et Saints, priez-le pour moi, afin que je l’aime, le loue, le benisse, l’adore et le possede avec vous pendant toute l’eternite. Daily In Ancient? Ainsi soit-il.
A chaque gros Grain, on - writing - help, dit ce qui suit : O tres doux Jesus, rendez mon Coeur selon le votre. Seigneur Jesus, donnez-moi votre Coeur pour un gage d’amour et un lieu de refuge, afin que vous me sauviez et que j’y trouve sans cesse un doux repos pendant ma vie, et une consolation indicible a l’heure de ma mort. Daily Essay? Ainsi soit-il. A chaque petit Grain : Je vous adore, sacre Coeur de Jesus, allumez dans mon Coeur le divin amour dont vous etes enflamme. Extrait de La Devotion au Sacre Coeur de Notre Seigneur Jesus-Christ, Nouvelle edition revue et corrigee, A Paris chez la Veuve de Jacq. Phd Thesis Learning? Josse, Imprimeur-Libraire, rue S. Daily Life? Jacques, a la Colombe Royale, 1738.
Nous vous proposons ci-dessous une autre version de ce Chapelet, publiee a Nancy en 1771. Creative - Writing - Help? Dans ce volume plus tardif, le Chapelet reprend le schema de la Couronne du Sacre Coeur qui precede : il est desormais « compose d’une Croix, de cinq gros Grains et de 33 petits, a l’honneur des 33 ans de la vie de Jesus-Christ, et de ses saintes Plaies. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? » A noter que la priere du debut reste inspiree de la priere des « Exercices » de saint Ignace, mais nettement plus developpee. On dit sur la Croix la priere suivante : A chaque gros Grains on june 4th sat essay, dit : O Tres doux et aimable Jesus, rendez mon Coeur selon votre Coeur, qu’il soit mon lieu de refuge, et que j’y trouve mon parfait repos pendant toute ma vie, et ma consolation et mon esperance a l’heure de ma mort. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Ainsi soit-il. A chaque petit Grain : Je vous adore, o Coeur sacre de Jesus, allumez dans mon Coeur le feu du divin amour dont vous etes enflamme. Review Of Literature Performance Of Banks? Ainsi soit-il. Ou l’une des petites Prieres suivantes marquee par chiffres : 01. Greece Essay? Coeur de mon Createur, perfectionnez-moi. 02. Personal Law School? Coeur de mon Redempteur, repondez pour moi.
03. Life Greece? Sacre Coeur de Jesus mourant en Croix, et sacrifie sur nos Autels, sauvez-moi. 04. June Essay? Desirs et inclinations du Coeur de Jesus, regnez en moi, possedez-moi. 05. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Mepris et rebuts que le Coeur de Jesus a tant aimes, attirez-moi, consolez-moi. 06.
Soins empresses du Coeur de Jesus, triomphez de moi. 07. Performance? Divines flammes du Coeur de Jesus, embrasez-moi. 08. In Ancient? Paix et douceur du Coeur de Jesus, pacifiez-moi, adoucissez-moi. 09. 4th Sat Essay? Patience du Coeur de Jesus, supportez-moi. 10. Life In Ancient? Pauvrete du Coeur de Jesus, detachez-moi. 11. Creative? Souffrances du Coeur de Jesus, encouragez-moi.
12. Greece Essay? Aneantissement du Coeur de Jesus, consommez-moi. 13. Of Literature Performance Of Banks? Silence du Coeur de Jesus, parlez-moi. 14. Life Greece Essay? Coeur de mon Roi, gouvernez-moi. 15. June 4th Sat? Coeur de mon Pere, ayez pitie de moi. 16. Life? Coeur de mon Juge, pardonnez-moi.
17. Personal Statements Law School? Coeur de mon Avocat, plaidez pour moi. 18. Life In Ancient Greece? Coeur de mon Maitre, enseignez-moi. 19. June Essay? Coeur de mon Pasteur, gardez-moi. 20. Life Greece Essay? Coeur de l’ami fidele, reposez en moi. 21. Personal Statements Law School? Coeur de mon Medecin, remede a tous mes maux, guerissez-moi.
22. Life In Ancient Greece? Coeur blesse d’amour pour moi, recevez-moi. 23. Phd Thesis In Computer Assisted Language? Coeur sacre, retraite des ames affligees, consolez-moi. 24. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Providence du Coeur de Jesus, veillez sur moi. 25.
Amabilites du Coeur de Jesus, decouvrez-vous a moi. 26. Discrimination Essay? Saintetes du Coeur de Jesus, imprimez-vous en moi. 27. Daily Life In Ancient Greece? Immensite du Coeur de Jesus, remplissez-moi. 28.
Immutabilite du Coeur de Jesus, affermissez-moi. 29. Essay? Richesses du Coeur de Jesus, suffisez-moi. 30. In Ancient Essay? Obeissance du Coeur de Jesus, soumettez-moi. 31. In Computer Assisted Learning? Purete du Coeur de Jesus, consacrez-moi. 32. Life Greece Essay? Torrent de graces et de benedictions du Coeur de Jesus, inondez-moi, submergez-moi. Extrait de La Devotion au Sacre Coeur de Notre Seigneur Jesus-Christ, Chez les Heritiers de N. Essay? Baltazard, Imprimeur ordinaire du College proche des RR.
PP. Daily Life? Jesuites, Nancy, 1771. Priere pour demander l’avenement du Regne du Sacre-C?ur. En 1902, Martin Drexler, composa une priere au Sacre-C?ur. Statements? Profondement mystique, il recu la grace de recevoir plusieurs visions du Christ lui montrant son Sacre-C?ur et de la Vierge Marie. Life In Ancient Greece? Cette priere permettrait selon la Vierge Marie, d’hater le triomphe du Christ en France, ainsi que de l’Eglise.
Le Christ est le Roi de France, comme le disait aussi Sainte Jeanne d’Arc. Review On Financial? Mais, il ne s’impose pas par la force. In Ancient Greece Essay? Il ne vient secourir que ceux qui l’implorent. Cette priere a recu l’imprimatur du Cardinal Richard, Archeveque de Paris. Creative Picture Prompts? La Sainte Vierge declara au voyant, qu’avec les prieres de Leon XIII apres la messe, cette priere permettraient d’obtenir le Salut de la France et d’attenuer les chatiments qu’elle risquait. Daily In Ancient? Elle dit notamment : « Je suis toute misericorde . June 4th Sat? Je veux sauver la France, mais il faut prier Saint Michel.
Si on daily greece essay, ne le prie pas, il n’interviendra pas ». Phd Thesis Language Learning? Par cette parole, elle nous donne a comprendre l’importance de la priere, des supplications a Dieu, et leur efficacite. Pour plus de developpements, voir le site : le vrai combat. Au nom du Sacre-C?ur de Jesus et par l’intercession de Marie Immaculee, tres humblement prosternes devant Votre Majeste, o Dieu Tout-Puissant, nous Vous supplions de bien vouloir envoyer Saint Michel pour qu’il nous secoure dans notre detresse. Daignez Vous souvenir, Seigneur, que dans les circonstances douloureuses de notre histoire, Vous en avez fait l’instrument de vos misericordes a notre egard. Daily Life In Ancient Greece? Nous ne saurions l’oublier. Essay? C’est pourquoi nous Vous conjurons de conserver a notre patrie, coupable mais si malheureuse, la protection dont Vous l’avez jadis entouree par le ministere de cet Archange vainqueur.
C’est a vous que nous avons recours, o Marie Immaculee, notre douce Mediatrice, qui etes la Reine du Ciel et de la terre. Daily Life In Ancient Essay? Nous vous en supplions tres humblement, daignez encore interceder pour nous. Of Literature On Financial? Demandez a Dieu qu’Il envoie Saint Michel et ses Anges pour ecarter tous les obstacles qui s’opposent au regne du Sacre-Coeur dans nos ames, dans nos familles et dans la France entiere. Et vous, o Saint Michel, prince des milices celestes, venez a nous. Daily Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Nous vous appelons de tous nos v?ux ! Vous etes l’Ange gardien de l’Eglise et de la France, c’est vous qui avez inspire et soutenu Jeanne d’Arc dans sa mission liberatrice. Essay? Venez encore a notre secours et sauvez-nous ! Dieu vous a confie les ames qui, rachetees par le Sauveur, doivent etre admises au bonheur du Ciel. Daily In Ancient Essay? Accomplissez donc sur nous la mission sublime dont le Seigneur vous a charge. Essay? Nous placons tous nos interets spirituels, nos ames, nos familles, nos paroisses, la France entiere, sous votre puissante protection. Life Greece? Nous en avons la ferme esperance, vous ne laisserez pas mourir le peuple qui vous a ete confie ! Combattez avec nous contre l’enfer dechaine, et par la vertu divine dont vous etes revetu, apres avoir donne la victoire a l’Eglise ici-bas, conduisez nos ames a l’eternelle Patrie. Review? Ainsi soit-il. Prieres au Sacre-Coeur de Jesus — 4 commentaires.
Je suis tres heureuse d’avoir decouvert votre site! Je le visite frequemment (surtout les prieres) et je vous remercie de tout mon coeur. Daily Life In Ancient Essay? Les prieres que vous aviez publiees m’ont beaucoup aide. - Writing? Je me sens tres en paix. In Ancient Greece Essay? Que Dieu vous protege et qu’Il continue a vous inspirer! Merci beaucoup pour ce temoignage tres positif.
Poursuivez dans la priere. - Writing - Help? Abandonnez-vous dans le Sacre-Coeur du Christ. Daily In Ancient? Que le Seigneur avec ses Anges vous guident et vous gardent dans son amour et dans sa paix ! #128578; je viens vous saluer dans le tres Puissant nom de notre Seigneur et vous demander de prier pour ma delivrance; j’aime et j’adore le Seigneur; a mon travail les collegues aiment bien m’appeler l’amie des saints mais derriere cette apparence de quietude, j’ai beaucoup de tristesse en moi ; je me sens opprimee et de moins en moins j’arrive a prier convenablement et cela me perturbe au plus profond de moi. Assisted Language Learning? J’ai grandement besoin d’etre soutenue et pourquoi pas trouver un accompagnateur. accepteriez vous de me soutenir s’il vous plait. le vie sociale n’est pas reluisante je n’ai pas une sante de fer, je joins difficilement les deux bout…. In Ancient Greece Essay? je voudrais arreter la en esperant avoir la joie de vous lire. soyez richement beni. Paix a vous. Personal Statements? Si vous souhaitez trouver un truver un accompagnateur, il est preferable que vous en parliez au pretre de votre paroisse, pour trouver quelqu’un qui soit geographiquement proche de chez vous. Daily Life Greece? Si vous vous sentez opprimee, il y a un travail de discernement a faire afin de verfier ce qui est lie a des fragilites personnelles car nous en avons tous, et ce qui proviendrait de l’adversaire.
Ainsi, avec l’Eglise et un pretre charge du ministere de delivrance, vous pourrez travailler a lier l’adversaire, et en meme temps une autre personne de votre connaissance pourrait vous aider a travailler sur vous-memes. And Tolerance? Cependant, lme vrai soutien vient du Christ. Daily Life? Je vous conseille, si vous n’arrivez pas a prier de vous contenter d’etre presente en silence devant le Christ, par exemple lors d’adorations eucharistiques, de vous abandonner en son saint Coeur ainsi qu’en celui de la Tres Sainte Vierge Marie. Writing Personal Law School? Redites mles prieres enseignees par l’Eglise, certains sont sur ce site. Greece Essay? Enfin, pratiquez les sacrements, dites le rosaire et demandez a une communaute religieuse de faire dire des messes pour vous (cela suppoese un petit don financier de votre part). Review Of Literature Of Banks? Que le Seigneur vous guide ! #128578;
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8 Simple Business Plan Templates for Entrepreneurs. Writing a business plan is an important step in the startup process. It helps you and daily life in ancient essay, your partners decide if you will work well together, teaches you about the creative picture, marketplace, and lets you brainstorm business and product goals. Daily Life In Ancient. But because of all the effort and detail involved, many entrepreneurs dread the thought of sitting down and and tolerance, creating this critical but time-consuming document. While business plans can be frustrating if you#39;re writing one from scratch, there are plenty of online templates available to take some of the pain out of the process. Small business owners can benefit from simple, easy-to-follow business-plan tools so they can spend less time writing and more time launching. Here are eight resources you can use to help you craft a professional business plan quickly and easily. You#39;ve heard about those entrepreneurs who started off by jotting down their ideas on a napkin at a bar, café or restaurant. $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan is a little like that, but more organized. Daily In Ancient Essay. Designed for entrepreneurs who are itching to get started, this simple business-plan template asks a handful of questions that you can easily answer in one or two sentences.
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The administration says this is intended to be a live plan that can be referred to and changed as the company#39;s plans progress. Life Greece. The SBA encourages entrepreneurs to use their generated plans to discuss their company#39;s prospects with SBA advisers like those available through SCORE and the Small Business Development Center. The SBA#39;s tool is available online at no cost. Greg Go, co-founder of - writing dot com, online finance community Wise Bread, is a big believer that entrepreneurs who are just starting out don#39;t need lengthy business plans. What they actually need, he said, is an internal working plan to get started. The internal working plan consists of four simple questions that make up the simple business plan: What is your product or service? Who are your customers? When will things get done? When are bills due, and when do you get paid? To guide entrepreneurs in completing their four-question business plan, Go provides a simplified way of answering each question in his blog post on the subject. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for life in ancient essay information to - writing dot com, help you with writing a complete business plan, use the questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of in ancient, vendors for free.
Updated on creative picture, May 1, 2015. Additional reporting by Business News Daily staff writer Sara Angeles.
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chemical essay An Online Research Center on the History and Theory of Anarchism. #147;The Problem of Chemicals In Food#148. Within the past few decades, tremendous quantities of chemicals have been introduced into life in ancient greece, the cultivation and discrimination and tolerance essay processing of food products in the United States. The annual production of bread alone is estimated to involve the life greece essay, addition of about 10,000,000 pounds of chemical emulsifiers by thousands of bakers throughout the country. During the six-year period since the end of the war, at least 700 to june 800 chemicals have been discovered for use in American food products.
These substances cover nearly every aspect of production: from fertilizers and pesticides to greece substitutes for phd thesis language learning organic nutrients, preservatives, flavouring and colouring matter, and a legion of life in ancient greece essay, processing agents. There are some foods on the market that are almost entirely synthetic; the chemical content in a certain instances has been increased in piece-meal fashion to such an writing personal statements, extent that these foods no longer contain the daily in ancient essay, organic contents from which they were originally derived. This is the ad absurdum of chemicals in food; a natural product is converted by the continual addition of chemical materials into a synthetic or near-synthetic product. Often, from the standpoint of public health, no satisfactory reason can be adduced by either the manufacturer or food technologist. The principal motives for chemicals in creative - writing - help dot com, food arise from reasons of profit and industrial competition. The use of chemicals in food has, in life greece essay, fact, become so extensive and reckless that mass poisoning is phd thesis in computer learning now a real danger to the American population. Instances of acute toxic effects have already approached the daily essay, point of national disasters. In one case, a marketed drug, #145;Elixir of Sulphanilamide#146;, killed over a hundred people before it was tracked down by governmental agencies. Essay? In another case, frozen peaches were confiscated which contained a large amount of thiourea. When these peaches were fed to experimental rats by daily life in ancient greece essay, the Food and Drug Administration, the rats died overnight.
Yet neither governmental legislation nor scientific experimentation has proved adequate to this type of creative essay picture prompts, problem. The burden of proof for life in ancient deleterious chemicals often rests not with the food manufacturer but with the Food and Drug Administration. The government is usually required to show that a chemical is definitely harmful rather than unnecessary for health and nutrition before it can be prohibited in food production. Even this task may require fairly long judicial proceedings by discrimination and tolerance essay, an agency that is understaffed and daily life in ancient greece has access to limited funds. Moreover, scientific standards of toxicity are frequently open to doubt. Agene, for example, was used for decades in bleaching flour. June Essay? It was adjudged by chemists and physiologists as harmless until British scientists recently found that dogs fed a diet of 80 per cent. white bread acquired #145;running fits#146;. An equally interesting case is the variance of scientific opinion on thiourea as a preparation which prevents the browning of in ancient greece essay, certain sliced fruits. As late as 1943 this chemical was described as harmless to man. Further study, however, revealed that thiourea acts upon the thyroid gland to inhibit the formation of thyroxin, and may result in the development of thyroid adenomata and tumours of the liver.
Finally, one of the most remarkable disputes centers around the use of monochloracetic acid. This acid was first described in a French patent as a useful food preservative more than eighteen years ago. After extensive pharmacologic tests, the use of monochloracetic acid was regarded as harmless #145;even in continued daily ingestion by infants#146;. Only after the acid came into creative picture, fairly widespread usage did reports indicate that this substance irritates the gastrointestinal tract, causing nausea and vomiting. Yet Dr. Franklin C. Bing, an eminent authority on nutrition and food chemistry, testified that one of the food scientists who originally characterized monochloracetic acid as harmless to human beings, #145;still holds that monochloracetic acid is life in ancient essay perfectly harmless and ought to be used#146;.
Dr. Bing recounts the story of a food manufacturer #145;who wanted to submit a product for consideration by our council [American Medical Association]. He had a little monochloracetic acid in his product as a preservative, and my duty as secretary of the council was to ask him what evidence he had as to its harmlessness, and he brought that in, and I told him I did not think that the council would accept it, and the council did not. And I remember vividly getting a couple of telephone calls from outstanding pharmacologists of this country saying that they thought we were wrong in not giving approval to that particular product#146;. But by far the most fundamental problem of chemicals in food is the danger of chronic toxicity. Within very recent years, especially during the last decade, chemicals without an immediate toxic effect have found their way into statements, food products. These chemicals may, in daily, the long run, produce incalculable damage to public health. For damage of essay picture, this sort, scientific experimentation is life in ancient essay extremely complex and woefully inadequate, even if the best intentions are kept in mind. Law School? Proper control, in such instances, cannot end with tests on individual experimental animals; they must cover entire generations over fairly long periods of time and at considerable financial expense.
More must be learned of animal physiology than is daily life greece to-day even faintly suspected by the most eminent biologists in the United States. #145;I have spoken to students many times about the newer knowledge of nutrition,#146; declared Dr. Review Performance Of Banks? Bing in his testimony to the House Select Committee to Investigate the Use of life, Chemicals in Food Products (U.S. Congress), #145;and I use the term somewhat glibly, but in the final analysis, I think I would have to admit that we know very little compared to of literature on financial performance what remains to be found out. #145;Some of the things that we do know are that the body has mechanisms by which it can handle substances commonly or naturally found in food materials, and it may have some difficulty in handling substances which are not naturally found in foods, even though they differ only slightly in chemical configuration. So I should think that any foreign substance, any substance which is not found to a fair extent in foods, is open to some suspicion when you take it into the body. In the meantime, the use of chemicals in food #150; tested, for the most part, only for acute toxicity, and daily life essay this often with extreme superficiality #150; has increased by leaps and of literature on financial of banks bounds. Dr. Bing observes: #145;You can pick up almost any issue of the technical magazines which come to the attention of the daily in ancient essay, chemists in picture prompts, the food industries, and find some little advertisement in them about new emulsifying agents, or something that is a plasticizer, or food improver, as they sometimes call them. That is a good term, too, which, well, it is essay written up so that you are intrigued by it. And it seems that just as human beings like to take a pill to relieve their illnesses or their lack of law school, sense of life in ancient greece essay, well-being, so it seems to be typical of a man in the food industry when something comes along, some problem in technology, he likes to have chemical aids to solve it. That seems to be inherent in human nature, perhaps.
So this problem to-day is much bigger and broader than it was fiver years ago, and certainly tremendously increased over what it was ten years ago.#146; Chemical Fertilizers in Agriculture. The danger of chronic toxicity, to-day, arises at a fairly remote point from the industrial processor and consumer. It beings in agriculture and cattle-breeding, with a vast array of fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, fruit colouring matter, hormones and growth stimuli. Performance Of Banks? These chemicals (some of which are little understood by daily life greece essay, industrial chemists, still less by physiologists) are allowed to enter into great natural cycles whose ramifications touch upon the processes of life itself. Since natural processes are intricately tied together, an isolated view of the language learning, effect that any single chemical has upon daily greece life and nature is scarcely a basis for knowing how several of these chemicals will react together. For example, grazing animals, which have received hormones to increase their weight may leave behind chemical traces in discrimination essay, manure long after they have been slaughtered and consumed. How the soil, as well as the public, is affected is little known. If, as often happens, the same area of land is treated with chemical fertilizers and sprayed with insecticides, these substances may very well combine to life essay produce a totally unpredictable effect. June Essay? The dangers inherent in this problem cannot be overestimated.
Instances are already known where insecticides have so completely saturated the top-soil that cultivation must be restricted to greece only certain kinds of food. It is often maintained that insects, not insecticides, and personal statements law school soil exhaustion due to increased population, not chemical fertilizers, are ultimately responsible for the difficulties created by chemicals in food. This may be regarded as a spurious treatment of a very serious social question. More fundamental are the ecological disturbances that profit-minded businessmen have produced throughout the American countryside. For decades, lumber companies and railroads were permitted a free-hand in destroying valuable forest lands and wild life. The attendant results are widespread erosion and the removal of many natural enemies of life greece, insect life. The normal balances that were responsible for soil preservation and june essay insect control are no longer present in many parts of the United States. At the same time that irreplaceable top-soil is washed into the rivers of the country, it is accompanied by industrial wastes that probably abet the multiplication of insects and diseases detrimental to crops. An equally important social reason for chemical substances in agriculture is the historical shift from small- to large-scale farming. For centuries, as far back as the threshold of daily, history, food cultivation remained in the hands of small rural families.
The individual farmer who worked the land, whether he was a serf, peasant or yeoman, brought a certain amount of personal interest to agriculture. The care of crops usually fell within the - help, horizon of an individual, who felt himself more implicated in daily, the quality of agricultural food than large-scale absentee land-owners. Even when social oppression underlay agriculture, the picture prompts, individual farmer who performed the work could not escape the responsibility for the crops he produced. Much attention, interest and concern were involved in earlier agricultural practices, and the farmer usually took great pride in the quality or food output. Fairs, local markets, contests, and finally a real sense of responsibility to the surrounding community often induced the farmer to bring his best efforts to food cultivation. Agriculture in past eras depended upon a material technique that had not changed in many respects for thousands of years. Labour was arduous and famine remained a continual threat. But the farmer had the satisfaction of knowing that drought, insects and crop diseases were seldom the result of man-made difficulties. Nor has modern science removed many of the natural disturbances that entered into earlier food cultivation. The greatest difficulties of the past were solved when machines or knowledge of ecology, not synthetic chemicals, were brought to the farm. The advances made in soil chemistry and crop rotation during the eighteenth century were based entirely on essay organic and of literature performance of banks natural resources.
Charles Townshend, for example, taught the English farmer the four-course rotation of wheat, turnip, barley and clover. Bakewell formulated the pragmatic orientation toward the selection and breeding of cattle. Life Greece Essay? There is no better description of the agricultural advances of the essay prompts, eighteenth than the world #145;husbandry#146;. The rule-of-thumb researches of the period were intent on garnering, rather than substituting for, the forces of nature. The #145;conquest of life essay, nature#146; meant a rational use of natural resources, not a disruption of the biological processes around man. It can never be too strongly emphasized that every tract of soil and every area of countryside compromises a relatively unique ecological situation. Just as climate, land, vegetation and wild-life may very greatly from one part of the country to another, so every square mile presents in some degree a distinctive balance of natural forces.
Food cultivation by man, which must be regarded as a form of creative prompts, botanical #145;domestication#146; imposed on what was originally virgin and wild land, always threatens to upset this balance. In many cases, of course, uniform conditions completely outweigh ecological differences, and large-scale farming is not only feasible but even necessary. For the most part, however, successful agriculture depends upon how the farmer adapts himself to the small differences he is likely to find. He must understand not only gross variations in daily greece essay, soil, but particularly his own soul as it is affected by creative dot com, the local vegetation, insect and animal life it supports. He must ask himself how far he can interfere in his given situation without causing irreparable damage. Life In Ancient Essay? This can only come with personal familiarity, with fairly extended experience and understanding. The farmer must bring not only insight to the specific characteristics of his land, but also sympathy, interest, and a socially-responsible attitude. With the statements law school, shift to large-scale farming, the emphasis of agriculture changed from the quality to the quantity of food cultivation. This meant that the land was to be exploited like any other resource under capitalism #150; in a drastic and one-sided manner. The #145;success#146; of large-scale, quantitative farming depended upon a uniformity of resources, and #145;average#146; in the agricultural situation. Since nature never presents uniformities or averages in such simple terms, they had to be created.
To a large degree this task devolved upon daily life essay chemicals. Thus fertilizers were used to compensate for differences in soil; chemical hormones were employed to standardize the size of crops; and growth stimuli were discovered to replace the results of performance, variations in climate. The most elementary lessons of man#146;s relationships to the soil and nature have since been abandoned for #145;synthesis#146; #150; for artificiality not only in daily life in ancient greece essay, agriculture but also in nature. In short, #145;husbandry#146; has been replaced by in computer assisted language, #145;chemistry#146;. But just as capitalist farming has #145;created#146; an #145;average#146; agriculture, so it has created an #145;average#146; farm worker. Greece Essay? Wherever the farmer has been dispossessed by huge corporate growers, he has also been replaced by personal statements law school, rural labourers who view the intimate problems of crop management with complete indifference. On large estates to-day, #145;farmers#146; often include aviators who spray insecticides, tractor drivers and daily life in ancient sales#146; agents; not to discrimination essay mention harvesters who never sow and sowers who never harvest.
The division of labour in large-scale farming often precludes a total view of the daily in ancient greece, agricultural situation. Even the agricultural technician, who can provide an over-all view, must change his orientation to meet the needs of creative essay, #145;average#146; farming. As a result, the complex requirements of co-operation with nature and natural processes are fractured into numerous, unintegrated tasks. Management is often supplied #150; at least in motivation #150; from remote heights above, by business interests which include little appreciation for the problems of the soil. Demands imposed upon the land are shaped neither by the needs of the public nor by the limits of daily greece essay, nature, but by 4th sat, the exigencies of profit and competition. All the gaps in the picture #150; from the variations of the greece essay, land to the indifference of farm labourers #150; are filled by chemicals. Fertilization by organic and inorganic (chemical) fertilizers plays a decisive part in altering various soils for #145;average#146; farming. In making these alterations, a number of review of literature on financial of banks, very important principles are involved.
Under natural conditions, the fertilization of daily greece, land by organic materials is a process in the course of which complex substances are broken down into simpler plant nutrients. For example, nitrogen in proper quantities is indispensable for plant nourishment. Ordinarily, this element is provided through the well-known #145;nitrogen cycle#146;. When proteins decay, they are eventually reduced to carbon dioxide, water, ammonia, and and tolerance essay free nitrogen. In Ancient? Soil-dwelling bacteria act upon ammonia to produce nitrate compounds that are suitable for plant nourishment. When excessive nitrogenous compounds exist in the soil, denitrifying bacteria may reverse the process to produce a suitable balance. Excesses of this sort are no longer a serious issue because animal proteins play a very small part in supplying the land with nitrogen. Burial conventions require that a human body shall not be used to further the cultivation of food, and phd thesis in computer learning the human body, in turn, consumes the proteins of cattle that once eventually reached the soil.
But other means exist. Leguminous plants like beans, peas, clover, and alfalfa support nitrogen-fixing bacteria that use free nitrogen in the atmosphere. Furthermore, the fecal deposits of many living animals (including man) are also rich in nitrogen. In the past, and to-day to a great extent in the Orient, these resources have been carefully husbanded and restored to daily in ancient greece the land. The major principle behind chemical fertilization is to introduce these simpler nutrients directly, often without intermediate steps through bacteria. By industrially combining atmosphere nitrogen with lime or soda ash, the nitrogen-fixation process is performed in the factory instead of in the soil.
Phosphates are usually obtained commercially for agriculture by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. In fact the acidulation technique has a wide variety of uses in preparing chemical fertilizers. It often not only supplants the work of bacteria but also brings to essay the soil a bewildering number of chemicals that are not always necessary for agriculture. The added chemicals often play no role whatever in soil fertility. They either represent residual substances that cannot be avoided because of the acidulation technique itself, or at best they are added to render inorganic fertilizers soluble or absorbable. Often, they remain in the soil where they do nothing for plant nourishment as such, accumulating over the years to serve no special purpose for agriculture. Do these new accretions harm the soil? Do they play any role in human health? Generally speaking, is enough known of the effect of chemical fertilizers have on the soil or on the human body to lend inorganic fertilization to adequate controls? Behind each of these questions are even more obscure problems.
During the hearings of the Select House Committee, for example, Mr. J. I. Greece Essay? Rodale of the #145;Soil and Health Foundation#146; suggested the complexities that are introduced by discrimination essay, inorganic fertilizers as part of his objections to daily greece essay such fertilizers. #145;In some cases they (chemical fertilizers) are caustic. They actually have a burning quality that will kill bacteria. In other cases they are too soluble. It is as if an individual were forced to eat when he were not hungry. It forces itself on the plant, crowding out important trace mineral elements. #145;The most important reason why some chemical fertilizers are harmful,#146; continued Rodale, #145;is because they contain more than one element. The one element that they need to feed the plant in order to assisted language make it soluble is tied in with some other element which gives it that solubility and which is there practically only for that purpose.
#145;An example is a very common fertilizer called superphosphate. What they are after is to feed the plant phosphate. But is it mixed with sulphuric acid to give it that solubility. The plant takes up a great deal of phosphate but very little of the sulphur. When sulphur piles up in the soil there are certain kinds of bacteria, called sulphur-reducing bacteria, which begin to multiply to work down that sulphur. As they work they have to feed.
It so happens that those sulphate-reducing bacteria feed on a very important soil organism, which is needed to break down organic matter. Therefore when you have a lot of sulphur piling up in the soil there are bacteria multiplying which are killing off certain organisms which the farmer needs to break down organic matter.#146; This problem, which was first introduced because of the acidulation technique, reaches even further back. #145;When you grow a crop of anything,#146; concludes Rodale, #145;that root that remains in the soil must break down for greece essay the next crop. The roots are very valuable. The roots of the preceding crops give nourishment to the next. If the soil does not contain enough of this breakdown bacteria it will not be able to furnish the food in time for creative - help dot com the next crop.#146; Rodale#146;s testimony may be regarded as a very unorthodox view in the United States.
It was opposed at the hearings by a battery of #145;experts#146; who vehemently argued for in ancient essay chemical fertilizers, #145;judiciously#146; mixed with organic substances. Although the #145;experts#146; freely acknowledged that organics keep the essay picture, soil friable, easy to greece work and permeable to water, they pointed up transport difficulties and, in fact, the entire arrangement of modern society as objections to supplying the land with enough organic materials for agriculture. #145;It is neither economically feasible nor physically possible to rely upon organic manures exclusively in our present-day agriculture,#146; observed Dr. Richard Bradfield of Cornell University, who particularly tried to place inorganic fertilizers in perspective from the specialist#146;s standpoint. #145;Organic gardeners make a great deal of what they call the #147;law of returns#148;, by which they mean the return to the soil of all the elements which the crop removes from it. Such a system is feasible in essay, a primitive, sparsely populated area in life greece, which practically the entire population is engaged in creative - writing, farming, and in which there is a high proportion of the population which can collect and transport city wastes to the farms which feed the cities. If we stopped to think for a minute, it would become apparent how difficult it would be to apply this law literally in the United States at the present time.#146; In support of inorganic fertilizers, Bradfield insisted that such fertilizers supply elements in the same form that they are released by organic substances.
In fact he found organic fertilizers of very limited value because #145;the organic matter which is generally available for use on soils does not contain these elements in the proportions in which they are needed to give the best growth of crops on most soils.#146; Now we may reserve the social problems raised by the exclusive use of organics for later discussion. But Bradfield#146;s unfavourable comparison of organic with inorganic fertilizers may be regarded as resting on entirely spurious premises. Dr. A. F. Camp, Vice Director in charge of the University of Florida Citrus Experimental Station makes the observation that #145;the difference between trees fertilized with organic fertilizers and those fertilized with chemical fertilizers lay primarily not in the field of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, and calcium but in the lack of the so-called minor or secondary elements such as magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc, and boron which were present as impurities in the organic materials but not present in appreciable amounts in the chemical materials. Thus, in the case of bonemeal which was credited with containing only nitrogen, phosphorous, and calcium, it was found that one of the most important elements it supplied was magnesium which is universally deficient in life greece, Florida citrus soils and for which citrus trees have a very high requirement. Superphosphate contained only traces of magnesium and when substituted for bonemeal resulted in trees that were acutely deficient in magnesium. All of these so-called minor elements which are actually as necessary to the development of citrus as the so-called major elements were found as sizable impurities in the natural organic materials because, just as in citrus, they were necessary to the growth or development of the organisms from which these organic materials were derived#146;. Indeed, it hardly tells us much to and tolerance criticize the daily life in ancient essay, efficacy or proportions of writing personal law school, organic fertilizers that are #145;generally available#146;. What is #145;available#146; has a very restricted meaning in the lexicon of experts to-day. To the average farmer, organic fertilizers are almost completely represented by manures, which are admittedly a limited source of soil fertility. Even if we include the best composts in use to-day (and this being exceptionally generous) the term #145;organic fertilizer#146;, as it is currently employed, would ignore a wide range of potentially valuable substances which could be brought to the soil.
Curiously enough, the #145;experts#146; carry the greatest responsibility for this situation. They have almost completely evaded, and directed attention away from, research into new and better organics. Indeed, the daily in ancient essay, current emphasis on inorganic fertilizers in agricultural laboratories and and tolerance essay projects has reduced organic substances to an #145;indispensable#146; but entirely ancillary position in daily life in ancient greece essay, food cultivation. Bradfield went on to deny that #145;valid evidence exists#146; to show that #145;crops grown with chemical fertilizer are more attractive and nutritious to insects and creative picture prompts plant pathogens#146;. This too will be discussed elsewhere. His denial, however, that evidence exists as to daily in ancient whether #145;crops grown with chemical fertilizers are less nutritious to men than those grown with organic fertilizers#146; is essay extremely questionable. Slowly and in the face of extreme hostility from the #145;experts#146;, a number of soil scientists and in ancient greece essay practical farmers are producing evidence that inorganic fertilizers may seriously reduce the quality of crops. The discussion is still being cast in a strictly adaptive framework, as part of a general reconciliation to the use of chemicals.
It is widely accepted that the contemporary social scene renders the use of inorganics necessary and june 4th sat few are willing to abandon chemical fertilizers as such. But, as Dr. K. C. Beeson pointed out, #145;Fertilization with large quantities of nitrogen can also result in daily in ancient essay, some lowering of certain nutritive constituents in dot com, the plant. For example, in some experiments with turnip greens, applications of nitrogen reduced the percentage of calcium in the greens in twenty-four to thirty experiments. Fertilization with the essay, ammonium salts of nitrogen has resulted in a reduction of vitamin C in plants, but fertilization with the nitrates under the same conditions did not affect vitamin C. The reasons for the difference are unknown.#146; Perhaps the most strongly emphasized point made by all the #145;experts#146; in favour of inorganic fertilizers is the conclusion that chemicals increase crop yield. #145;The most important reason for the use of fertilizers,#146; said Bradfield, #145;is that they increase the yield of practically all crops on all but our most fertile soils. This point is so generally appreciated that detailed elaboration is unnecessary#146;. Very well, then #150; let us elaborate! By leaning on poorly-evaluated experimental facts, the picture, #145;expert#146; generally knows that the addition of certain chemicals to the soil can increase the daily essay, size of crops. Phd Thesis In Computer Assisted Learning? Although impressive yields can be produced, more and more evidence has appeared to show that these yields often drain the soil of valuable substances.
Dr. William A. Albrecht of the University of Missouri astutely observed at the Hearings that #145;a fertilizer balancing the life, supply of nutrients in the soil is merely a help to essay take all the other things out faster. So if you fertilize a soil with nitrogen, which is deficient, and grow a bigger crop, you merely have taken all the other things out faster and by virtue of that observation people will say, #147;Oh, yes, fertilizers ruin your soil#148;. Daily Life? Well, they have just helped you wear it out faster. That is all.#146; But is that all? #145;We have built up the lime, the of literature on financial of banks, phosphorous, the life, potash,#146; continues Albrecht, later in his testimony. Essay? #145;Now we come along and shove under the life in ancient greece, nitrogen and creative essay picture prompts that is very demonstrative for in ancient the first year or second year until we pull the other things down. We had the same thing with limestone.
The moment we build up the one thing that is deficient, we get a glorious effect until something comes in as a deficiency, and then we are in trouble. . Writing Personal Statements Law School? . Life Essay? . Lime is phd thesis language a necessity but like alone is not enough. Many years ago the farmer, who did not know any chemistry, gave us a very interesting jingle which is very true: #147;Lime and lime without manure make father richer but son poorer.#148; #145;A very find old truth, very fine, because when you lime, the calcium next to the hydrogen serves to push the other things out. So when you lime, a crop gets greener and life greece essay a crop gets bigger, but not because the lime did that in the crop but because it pushed out other things and balanced up the thing to help it.#146; Before chemicals can replace organic substances without leading to disaster, more must be known of the factors which enter into soil composition, of the soil itself and finally of plant and animal nutrition; in short, of - help dot com, a stupendous natural process concerning which agronomists know surprisingly little. The soil, as Dr. Beeson has put it, is #145;a highly complex dynamic system of minerals, inorganic chemical compounds, organic compounds, living organisms, air and water#146;. Yet soil cannot be synthesized in daily life, the laboratory; and essay entire areas of plant nutrition, including photosynthesis, remain a complete mystery. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? In fact, as Beeson tells us, #145;There is june no known laboratory method or group of methods by which all the nutritive constituents in food can be measured and evaluated in terms of the nutrition of man or animals. Daily Greece Essay? Consequently, there is no single unique value that can be assigned to a food to express its nutritive quality.
All of the constituents contributing to nutritive quality have probably not yet been recognized, and there are no adequate methods for quantitative measurement of many constituents that we do recognize. Therefore, no measurement of the over-all nutritive quality of a food has ever been made#146;. In some cases, soil scientists have even discovered that an element which is unnecessary for plant growth (but which is derived from the consumption of plants) is indispensable to proper animal nutrition. Performance? Soil deficiencies of cobalt, for example, have resulted in nutritional disturbances in daily life, cattle and sheep. Other of these so-called trace elements are probably even less understood.
The point is that whereas the #145;experts#146; tend to - writing - help break up, simplify and crudely manipulate the agricultural situation, supporters of daily life, organic farming usually predicate themselves on the complexity and far-reaching character of food cultivation. There is more than a difference in technique. It is a basic antagonism in outlooks toward natural phenomena. Creative - Writing? The organic farmer essentially argues that man can know and husband nature, but he cannot replace natural processes without serious detriment to himself and society. Insects, Insecticides and the #145;Human Bug#146; If the in ancient, rejection of chemical fertilizers rests on the complexity and obscurity of the agricultural situation, there are very direct reasons for regarding other chemicals in agriculture as detrimental to human health. Perhaps the most significant category of chemicals suspected of and tolerance, being dangerous to daily greece essay man are insecticides and pesticides.
The problem that these substances presents is very simple: All are poisonous to one or several forms of lower life. They are employed on the principle that they either do not remain in assisted language, foods that finally reach the consumer market or that the human body finds them harmless in greece, the amounts that do remain. Both #145;principles#146; are now open to grave doubts by physiologists and biochemists. The extensive application of insecticides to crops in the United States reaches back before 1870 with the use of june 4th sat essay, Paris Green for life in ancient greece essay the control of the Colorado potato beetle. Afterwards, a number of extremely toxic chemicals came into use.
Lead arsenate, for example, was widely employed against the codling moth in apple and pear orchards. It is still used to-day, although it has been regarded by many health workers as a danger to agricultural labourers and the public since the first World War. The use of june 4th sat essay, insecticides has now grown to incredible dimensions. With the passage of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act of daily life in ancient, 1947, about 16,000 brands of creative - writing - help dot com, insecticide preparations have been registered with the government. These brands range from poisons absolutely deadly to life essay man to very questionable #145;hormone#146; herbicides like 2, 4-D dichloro phenoxy acetic acid. #145;One of the disturbing things about the recent advance in insecticides, in the discovery of new insecticides,#146; said Dr. Assisted Language? Dunbar to the Select Committee, #145;has been that a great many very potent and valuable insecticides have been developed on which very little is known, either about their chronic or acute toxicity or about their fate after they are applied to greece essay food. #145;In many cases we do not know whether the insecticide after application is of literature absorbed into the body of the food, whether it is destroyed on in ancient essay weathering, were even insecticides put out for which no chemical method of identification or analysis is known.#146; Many insecticides and pesticides are known in of literature of banks, some way to affect higher animal organisms, including man. Hydrogen cyanide, a fumigant commonly used on grains and cereal foods, is described by a Food and Drug official as #145;moderately to extremely poisonous; however, under normal conditions of use the fumigant volatilizes so that no significant [ ! #150; L.H.] residue remains on the food products and no hazard results to the consumer. An exception [ ! #150; L.H.] occurred several years ago when a large shipment of raisins on the docks in one of the daily essay, seaport cities was repeatedly fumigated with liquid hydrogen cyanide under conditions which prevented volatilization of the fumigant.
These raisins were distributed and resulted in numerous illnesses to consumers#146;. Writing Statements Law School? We may very well wonder how many digestive illnesses reported to doctors throughout the country are due to unsuspected poisons in food that were not discovered by the Food and Drug Administration. It is maintained by may #145;experts#146;, that when insecticides are produced from life essay simple compounds they can be washed away and kept from directly affecting the public. Review Of Literature On Financial? This, however, is by no means universally accepted; on the contrary, it is life believed that residues usually remain or are absorbed by review of literature of banks, the crops. According to Dr. Francis E. Ray, Director of the Cancer Research Laboratory (University of Florida), arsenic #145;in the form of daily life in ancient, copper arsenate or lead arsenate is commonly used as an agricultural insecticide and fungicide. It has been known for many years that exposure to arsenicals produces a certain type of of literature on financial performance of banks, cancer of the skin. More recent evidence is that inhalation of arsenic dust #150; and sprays #150; may cause cancer of the lung.
It is possible that other types of internal cancer may be caused by daily essay, the long-continued ingestion of so-called non-toxic doses of arsenicals. It is suspected that the arsenicals used in growing tobacco contribute to the high incidence of lung cancer among heavy smokers. Arsenical sprays on and tolerance essay tobacco and food should be prohibited#146;. Another #145;simple#146; chemical (indeed, an element) that has come into widespread use against insects is life greece essay selenium. Essay? Experimental study by the Food and Drug Administration indicates that selenium and its compounds #145;are highly toxic and are capable of greece, producing insidious poisoning. When as little as three parts of selenium (in the form of selenized corn) was added to each million parts of the diet of rats, it produced liver disease (cirrhosis) in the majority of the animals within a year. Higher concentrations eventually produce liver tumours in some of the animals. All these factors combine to make selenium extremely dangerous as a food contaminant.
Minute amounts of it (at least in animals) can initiate a sequence of pathologic changes, the earliest of - writing - help, which are symptomless and pass unnoticed, while the later stages are irreparable and ultimately fatal. These facts combined with our conviction that the use of selenium-containing sprays could be avoided, have been the basis of our reluctance to daily essay set any tolerance whatever for selenium residues on creative essay prompts fruit#146;. In 1942, the Food and Drug Administration initiated a series of experiments and studies to ascertain the extent to which ordinary packing house washing removed selenium from oranges, and the degree to which this substance accumulated in the soil after repeated usage. The conclusions of this study, which covered a period of several years, is remarkable. #145;Washing as ordinarily practiced removed little or none of the selenium,#146; dryly observes a memorandum of the daily life, agency to - help dot com the Select Committee. #145;Soil in groves with a history of daily in ancient, repeated spraying showed a selenium level ten or more times that of unsprayed groves, and the flesh of oranges grown on the soil showed the same selenium level as above, even though no spray had been applied to this crop.#146; As of the hearings, however, the Food and Drug Administration has not been able to in computer assisted learning remove this substance from the market. Even State agencies, with whom the Administration discussed the insecticide on 17th January, 1950, were of the opinion that a selenium product was #145;necessary under certain conditions to control mites#146;. As the development of insecticides continues, ever greater dangers to life in ancient essay public health are being produced. Perhaps one of the gravest hazards arises from writing statements recent insecticides developed around hydrocarbons #150; the organic insecticides like the chlorinated hydrocarbons (chlorinated camphene, etc.), the organic phosphates (parathion, etc.), and daily in ancient essay so on. Since these insecticides are fat soluble and chemically stable, they are readily retained in of literature on financial of banks, body fat. The human body can acquire parathion, DDT and similar hydrocarbons from any number of vegetables, fruits, milk, and even the flesh of life greece essay, sprayed fowl and cattle.
No limit has been agreed upon by the #145;experts#146; on how much of these substances can accumulate in the fat of the organism. Indeed, aside from the fact that insecticides can be intrinsically harmful, it may be supposed that the hydrocarbons are especially dangerous because they may enter the blood steam in review on financial, larger quantities precisely during illness, when stored fat is being released by daily life in ancient, the body to resist infection and disease. According to discrimination and tolerance an article by life in ancient greece, W. A. Brittin, head of the food laboratory of the Beech-Nut Packing Co.: #145;These organic insecticides reached the market for general use before adequate information was available on phd thesis in computer language the acute or chronic toxicity of the daily greece essay, chemicals involved#133; with the exception of one or two insecticides, methods of analysis were lacking which were specific for these various organic spray residues.#146; When chlordane was introduced for use in agriculture, for in computer example, one manufacturer described the insecticide as being half as toxic as DDT. Afterwards, the belief was expressed in sales literature that chlordane #145;is among the safest of all available organic insecticides#146;. Daily Life Greece? According to Dr. Miller, one of the - help dot com, members of the daily in ancient greece, Select Committee, chlordane sprays were even available in drug stores for phd thesis in computer assisted learning household use. If we are to accept the opinion of Dr. Lehman of the Food and Drug Administration, however, the truth appears to be that #145;chlordane is one of the most toxic insecticides we have to daily in ancient essay deal with#133; First of all, it penetrates the skin very readily. Therefore, anyone handling it could be poisoned. Or of it is review of literature of banks used as a household spray, the potential hazard to living in in ancient greece, these houses is quite great because of the ability of writing personal statements, chlordane to penetrate the skin and because of the volatility of the daily greece, insecticide and the possibility of poisoning by inhalation. More to the point is that it is very toxic to the liver and kidneys of an individual.
As an over-all picture, to essay prompts use DDT as a yardstick, I would put chlordane four to five times more poisonous than DDT.#146; Yet at the time that the Food and Drug Administration conferred with a manufacturer of this substance, (23rd September, 1947) it was reported that 700,000 pounds of chlordane had been sold, and in ancient greece essay another company had sold approximately 300,000 pounds. Writing Personal? When Lehman was asked if chlordane was employed extensively as an insecticide he replied that #145;based on poundage it must have been quite widely used#146;. Daily Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Thus far, to the knowledge of this writer, the Food and discrimination and tolerance Drug Administration has not been able to prevent its continued sale to food growers. Parathion is another organic insecticide that came into wide use fairly recently. It has already caused the death of some nine people, one of whom was spraying tobacco and another citrus fruit. Although Dr. Lehman believes that this insecticide is #145;quite safe for use#146; and that no #145;evidence#146; exists to show it is harmful to consumers eating foods sprayed with parathion, he was obliged to make the following judgement: #145;Parathion is a liquid. It penetrates the skin. It is very poisonous. Life Greece? Very small amounts will produce fatal poisoning.#146; This order of opinion #150; that a substance is #145;very poisonous#146; but no #145;evidence#146; exists to show that it will harm consumers when used on crops #150; is often the in computer language, most favourable response that can be elicited from life in ancient greece governmental agencies like the Food and Drug Administration. But some biochemists and health workers who are not obliged to maintain an acute sensitivity to the pressure of industry allow themselves less restrained opinions.
Dr. Franklin C. Creative Essay? Bing, in conjunction with a committee on daily in ancient essay food and nutrition, has made the more sweeping observation that, #145;Contrary to previous beliefs, it now seem likely that a substance which is poisonous to dot com one form of life is very apt to essay be found to some degree toxic for other animals, including man#146;. This observation appears to discrimination have received its most striking confirmation with the use of DDT, an insecticide which for years was heralded as completely harmless to man and extremely effective against life greece, insects. A considerable literature has fostered the belief that DDT is so free of any hazards to human beings that is may be sprayed directly on the body for protection against such parasites as lice. The contrast between these claims and 4th sat the results of recent research led to a very lively controversy before the Select Committee. Possibly hundreds of pages of testimony were devoted to the merits as against the dangers of this widely used insecticide.
It is life in ancient essay interesting to note that few experts were prepared to maintain that DDT is statements law school completely harmless; the dispute actually centred for the most part, on daily life in ancient greece whether DDT, once regarded as without any hazard whatever, is to-day responsible for an epidemic of nervous and physical disorders! This controversy reached its most acute point in the testimony of Dr. Morton S. Biskind, who has devoted himself to extensive research into the pathological symptoms of personal, DDT poisoning. According to Dr. Life? Biskind: #145;The introduction for uncontrolled general use by the public of the insecticide DDT, or chlorophenothane, and the series of june 4th sat essay, even more deadly substances that followed has no previous counterpart in history. Beyond question, no other substance known to man was ever before developed so rapidly and life greece spread indiscriminately over so large a portion of the earth in so short a time.
This is the more surprising as, at the time DDT was released for public use, a large amount of data was already available in the medical literature showing that this agent was extremely toxic for many different species of animals, that it was cumulatively stored in the body fat and that it appeared in the milk. At this time a few cases of DDT poisoning human beings had also been reported. These observations were almost completely ignored or misinterpreted#133; DDT is as lethal in repeated small doses as in larger single doses. In low-grade chronic poisoning in animals, growth is impaired, and the implication of discrimination, this observation for the growth of children should be given serious consideration. In rats, tumours in daily life in ancient essay, the liver have been produced by low-grade continuous poisoning with DDT. DDT is stored in the body fat and is excreted in assisted learning, the milk of dogs, rats, goats, and daily life greece cattle as we have shown, in that of humans, too.
Virtually all of these effects have also repeatedly been observed in known DDT poisonings in human beings. The other agents of the DDT group, chlordane, benzene hexachloride, chlorinated camphene, and methoxychlor, so far as these have been reported, also produce serious tissue changes varying in site and degree with the compound. Prompts? Chlordane is an especially dangerous nerve poison and animals who have received toxic amounts rarely recover even though bodily changes prior to death do not seem at all alarming. In Ancient? Fortunately in my own limited experience with chlordane poisoning in man, I can report that with stringent avoidance of further exposure and intensive nutritional therapy to help repair the tissue damage, recovery does occur, though this may not be complete. Benzene hexachloride changes the chromosomes of plants and probably, too, those of review, animals. The possibility that this agent may adversely effect the heredity of human beings must be taken into consideration. Already in one report from life in ancient essay Europe, seedlings treated with benzene hexachloride were so altered in their heredity that it was suggested that nondegenerated stocks be used for seed subsequently#133; We are dealing with double-edged swords, for the very substances now promoted to increase the size of our crops in the long run turn out to be detrimental to agriculture itself. All these substances and the fantastically toxic parathion, too, inhibit the growth of certain plants, and prompts compounds of the DDT group also persistently poison the soil, so far as present evidence goes, for daily in ancient greece essay five or six years and possibly indefinitely.#146; In the course of his testimony, Dr.
Biskind carefully elaborated the symptomology of writing statements law school, DDT poisoning. A comparison of these symptoms with alleged #145;virus#146; epidemics in many American communities has suggested to him that many of in ancient essay, these epidemics may actually result from creative essay picture mass DDT poisoning. Daily Life Greece Essay? Biskind#146;s experience with individual patients suggests that this belief is by no means as reckless as it first appears. He cites the case (an example among many) of a patient who apparently suffered severe nervous disorders. After repeated examinations and tests for two-and-a-half years, he was finally referred to Dr. On Financial Performance? Biskind for treatment. #145;When I saw this patient,#146; observes Dr. Biskind, #145;he had an enlarged tender liver, sings of nutritional impairment, reduced ability to feel vibration in his legs and a reduction in his pulse pressure. Under ordinary circumstances none of these signs, nor all together, could account for his symptoms. When he was advised to life essay give up his job as seek less toxic employment, to remove all traces of DDT and chlordane from in computer his environment, was given nutritional therapy to alleviate the liver damage and put on a diet low in insecticide residues, he showed prompt improvement within a week. Four months later he was almost free of symptoms. He was then unknowingly exposed to DDT in daily in ancient essay, a restaurant kitchen which has just previously been aerosoled with DDT.
Within half-an-hour the entire syndrome returned and personal statements law school required more than a week to subside.#146; It may be noted that Dr. Biskind claims to be familiar with entire families who exhibit the syndrome of life in ancient essay, this patient because of DDT. Experimental evidence favourable to DDT ordinarily rests on situations where a group of review of literature on financial performance of banks, people are voluntarily exposed to a few repeatedly large doses of the insecticide. Since no acute pathological findings are reported by these #145;experiments#146;, it is assumed that DDT is harmless to human beings except in cases of individual sensitivity. Thus the tendency is to regard all admitted cases of life, DDT poisoning as exceptional, where an essay, individual rather than a public reaction is at stake. This approach is slowly being reversed by a number of researchers.
The public, mass hazards of DDT are now being seriously considered because of new and more complete experimental evidence. A considerable amount of information of daily in ancient, DDT has been supplied by the Texas Research Foundation, an independent non-profit institution supported entirely by private business interests. According to Mr. John M. Dendy, head of the analytical division of the foundation: #145;1. All processed milk and meat samples (tested by the Division for assisted language evidence of greece, insecticides) were found to be contaminated with DDT. #145;2. The degree of contamination ranged from 3.10 parts per million of DDT in lean meat to 68.55 parts per and tolerance essay, million in fat meat. In milk the contamination ranged from less than 0.5 parts of DDT per million in 13.83 parts per million. #145;3.
Both corn and sunflowers sprayed with insecticides were found to absorb the chlorinated hydrocarbons in life in ancient, unchanged form. #145;4. The rate of absorption was found to be cumulative, the degree of contamination increasing with each spraying. The extent of absorption in corn ranged from zero parts per million where there was no spraying to - help dot com 8.11 parts per million after two sprayings with insecticide. Contamination of the daily life in ancient essay, sunflowers ranged from zero for no spraying to creative dot com 3.72 parts of insecticide per million after one spraying and 7.40 parts per million after two sprayings.#146; Mr. Dendy concludes as follows: #145;#133; one of these insecticides [a reference to several organic insecticides tested by the Division, including DDT], when sprayed on a crop such as corn is absorbed by the corn.
The dairy cow or beef cow which feeds on the corn in turn absorbs a portion of the chemical in its fat, and the insecticide is life in ancient essay passed on to the human being who consumes milk or beef from the animal. In experiments in the laboratories of A. J. - Writing - Help? Lehman, M. I. Smith, and H. J. Welch, it has already been shown what concentration of DDT will produce death in test animals. We know, too, that DDT is absorbed into plant and daily greece essay animal tissues cumulatively. Therefore, we can only language learning, conclude that the continued indiscriminate use of DDT and daily life in ancient other chlorine hydrocarbons holds an ever-increasing hazard to the public health.#146; Later in his testimony, Mr. Dendy points out that, #145;Milk containing small concentrations of DDT has been found by most of the investigators in the field. Even though the creative - help dot com, intake is small, the fatty accumulation in the tissues as the essay, result is magnified as high as thirty-four times the original intake. June? In other words, with a diet of ten parts per daily greece, million you could expect, in some instances, 340 parts per million in the fat#146;. It is interesting to note that Dendy flatly refuses to acknowledge the adequacy of the tests which either support the harmfulness or the creative - help, harmlessness of DDT to human beings. #145;As I see it, in greece essay, this particular field,#146; he observes, #145;we exposed almost everything to the indoctrination of phd thesis language, DDT. As most of you know, in the service we used DDT for everything, and we got home and used DDT with no thought as to its possible effect on the individuals.
Yet, as I say, there is no one that has established a truly detrimental effect on daily life essay the human being to my satisfaction yet. - Writing? There has been no elaborate human test made yet. Someone has to authorize, delegate and carry on such experiment, to daily greece essay ascertain whether or not all this wealth of information is going in the wrong direction. We are showing a possibility of mass contamination, but we do not know its effect. We know it has an effect on test animals, we can show that, but we do not know its human effect.#146; Perhaps we have misunderstood Mr. Dendy, but this is the same acme of the positivist method: animals are known to respond adversely, but since no test has been made on man, Dendy is not satisfied that DDT is detrimental to - writing human beings! The real point seems to be that no adequate test has been made to support the harmlessness of the insecticide to the public. In the meantime, DDT is ubiquitous. A recent experiment on the insecticide could proceed only with the greatest difficulty because the control rats, which were supposed to be checked against those given DDT, were also found to have acquired the insecticide from their normal environment. Organic insecticides have been found not only in the fodder, fat, milk and eggs of daily life in ancient greece, animals consumed by man but in the brains as well. The dangers of DDT to public health have been echoed in the reports of Dr.
Lehman, who acknowledges under questioning by the Select Committee #145;that the potential hazard of DDT has been underestimated#133;#146; But few remarks sum up the meaning of DDT to the public health more vividly than the following quotation from a British food journal (cited by review of banks, Dr. Biskind): #145;Atomic bombs and DDT will be regarded by many as the two most notable scientific developments of the war. They have now been brought together in a more direct and scientific sense by recent British research carried out by daily life greece, the Pest Infestation Laboratory. Radioactive isotopes produced as the Harwell Atomic Pile have been used to study the 4th sat, biological movement of DDT residues#133;#146; After reporting that an insecticide almost identical to DDT has been found in the #145;gizzard, the liver and daily greece essay the kidney, the tissues of the creative, heart and brain, and the sciatic nerve fibre#146; of test hens, the quotation concludes: #145;These new results give strong confirmation for the view that DDT is a hazardous contaminant of animal and human foodstuffs. Greece? Though in themselves the residues from DDT application may be small, it is clear that they are considerably retained after ingestion. Toxic effects of a harmful if not lethal nature could arise from the cumulative absorption of of literature, DDT residues.#146; Actually, the coupling of atomic bombs with organic insecticides as the most noted scientific developments of the war is not a helpful amalgam. Atomic bombs have proved to be very effective in snuffing out human life. It is by no means, assured, however, that insecticides perform a similar function with respect to insects. If we are to accept a number of very remarkable facts brought out before the Select Committee, it would appear that not only do insecticides often fail to life greece essay provide a long range solution against insects, but they may even result in the widespread appearance of new pests.
It is ironic but apparently true that the use of many insecticides leads to statements law school the development of resistant varieties of insects, while producing new pests by destroying their natural enemies. #145;The New York Times last April (1950),#146; claims Dr. Daily Life Greece Essay? Biskind, #145;carried items indicating that because the wheat crop was threatened by green bugs and red spiders, more than 200,000 acres has been sprayed with parathion by 4th sat, airplane. What was omitted from the news dispatch was that the crop was threatened only because prior use of DDT had killed off the normal predators of daily life greece essay, these two resistant insects, permitting them to flourish uncontrolled. Apparently the remedy for too much poison is still more.#146; A similar situation has been reported by creative essay prompts, leading entomologists like Dr. Charles E. Palm of Cornell University. #145;As far as the daily life, same number of insects,#146; declares Dr. Palm, #145;we probably has most of them before, but we have cases in our own experience where we have some minor pests that have become of major importance #150; I say possibly #150; through the use of insecticides, I think of the red-banded leaf roller on fruit.
It was always a minor problem, and as long as we used lead arsenate for statements control of the daily in ancient, codling moth, it was no particular problem to the commercial fruit grower. But there is the possibility that DDT has reduced the creative - writing - help dot com, parasites of the red-banded leaf roller as a problem that we have to contend with because we still have to control the codling moth with DDT. We cannot go back to daily life in ancient essay lead because we cannot do it economically from the viewpoint of codling moth control. So this thing gets a little tighter all the while and the importance increases.#146; This type of problem has become so acute in recent years that there is a tendency for #145;experts#146; to juggle the effectiveness of an insecticide against writing personal statements, the natural predators of other pests which may also be destroyed. Life In Ancient? Dr. V. B. Wigglesworth, of the Agricultural Research Council in Cambridge, England, was obliged to suggest that #145;an insecticide which kills 50 per cent. of the pest insect, and none of its predators or parasites, may be far more valuable than one which kills 95 per cent. of the pests, but at the same time eliminates its natural enemies.
Perhaps this is where the - writing dot com, future of chemical insecticides lies, not as a substitute for, but as a complement, to the more subtle and more remunerative methods of biology#146;. The entire meaning of insect control by insecticides threatens to be upset by the very consequences of insecticides. In an article, appropriately called #145;The Philosophy of Orchard Control#146;, A. D. Pickett of the Dominion Entomological Laboratory in Nova Scotia writes #145;that when a chemical is used for daily life in ancient some specific purpose, such as the control of a fungus disease, it may increase the survival potential of one or more pests which were unimportant before the review on financial performance of banks, spray was applied. An example of this is the increase in population of oyster shell scale and European red mite following applications of elemental sulphur#146;. The British have tried to show some moderation in the use of insecticides; the daily life in ancient greece essay, Americans, however, work on the principle that the bug must be bludgeoned#133; or else! The difference in discrimination and tolerance, national attitudes reflects itself in the fact that while British #145;experts#146; are thinking of daily, reducing insecticides and, in some measure, getting nature to work with them, the American #145;experts#146; continually increase the dose of an insecticide as the pest grows more and more resistant, until complete resistance has been achieved. At the same time, the increased dosage adds to the contamination of picture, food and tends to complete the destruction of natural enemies, including not only other insects which are helpful to man but also wild life and daily in ancient birds. Insects, to-day, destroy more than $4,000,000,000 worth of crops a year. The problem of controlling them, as Dr.
Palm admitted, has become more acute and expensive that it ever was in the past. Of Literature Performance? The one possibility of reducing insect predators, namely by improving plant nutrition, has received very little attention by soil scientists. Yet it is an area of investigation that some of the most interesting facts and results have been brought to light. During the Select Committee hearings, the American novelist and practical farmer, Mr. Louis Bromfield, frankly stated his belief that the #145;increasing attack by insects and diseases upon daily in ancient greece essay our agriculture and horticulture has arisen largely through poor and language learning greedy agricultural methods, through the steady deterioration of soils and the steady loss of in ancient, organic material with which nitrogen is closely affiliated, and the increasing unavailability of the natural elements though the loss and destruction of soil structures and content. In other words, a sick soil produces a sick and creative - writing weakened plants which are immediately subject to disease and insect attack. In properly managed soils the necessity for using poisonous preparations injurious to daily greece essay animals and people is phd thesis in computer assisted language greatly diminished and in many cases disappears altogether. Daily Life? The general deterioration of most soils in the United States since the first plough entered them is 4th sat essay closely related to the increasing attack of disease and in ancient greece insects and the consequent short-cut use of poisonous dusts and sprays later consumed by humans.#146; Falling back on his extensive experience in farming, Bromfield went on to say: #145;I myself farmed and gardened in France, on land that has been in use for 1,200 years, for seventeen years without every using a dust or spray. It was wholly unnecessary because during that time the soil had been properly handled.#146; According to Mr.
Bromfield, the University of Missouri #145;has found that sufficient amounts of the element nitrogen will control the attack of chinch bugs on corn. They found that corn not suffering from nitrogen starvation was simply not attacked by the pests#146;. Similar experiences have been obtained #145;in related to the attack of the green bug on wheat#146; in Kansas. Creative - Help? #145;The green bug,#146; observed Mr. Bromfield, #145;does not start on one side of the of the field and work his way across. Daily In Ancient Greece Essay? They always go to work on the yellowish spot in the field and they work out in a circle. This yellowish spot is where there is a strong nitrogen deficiency, because they will not attack the deep-green wheat.#146; Bromfield#146;s remarks are a matter of record in the scientific journals and have even received confirmation from workers in the field who still regard the creative essay, use of insecticides as indispensable to agriculture. Chemicals substances are not only introduced into the soil and sprayed on crops, but they are also injected on an ever-increasing scale into cattle and fowl. An extraordinary example was cited by Dr. Clive McCay. #145;As you are aware,#146; Dr. McCay told the in ancient, committee, #145;some producers of chickens are introducing under the skin into the neck of the chicken diethylstilbestrol. Such procedures produce more pounds of chicken from a hundred pounds of feed and increase profits.
When these chickens are slaughtered the necks are cut off and may be fed to foxes and mink. Some of these farms have reported substantial failure in breeding. Now the question arises whether enough of this compound finds its way into the flesh to june affect the person who consumes the chicken. #145;The same type of life greece essay, problem arises when meat-producing animals are fed compounds to injure the thyroid so that the basal metabolism of the pig or steer will be lowered and more meat will result from each pound of feed. Does enough of the june essay, compound fed the animal remain in the meat so that the consumer will be injured?#146; Despite a furious attempt by manufacturers of cattle hormones to prove the contrary, some of the most eminent endocrinologists in daily greece essay, the United States no longer regard stilbestrol as a #145;problem#146; to be decided upon either favourably or unfavourably. In their opinion, these hormones, and especially stilbestrol, are a great hazard to personal law school the public health. According to Dr. Robert K. Enders, chairman of the life greece, Department of Zoology in Swarthmore College, #145;it is against the public interest to creative - writing permit its [stilbestrol#146;s] use and sale under present conditions#146;. The supporters of the use of diethylstilbestrol,#146; observes Enders, who experimented with the hormone for three years, #145;always cite that the drug is used in medicine with inference that it is, therefore, harmless.
They point out the fact that large doses have been given patients without disaster although they may produce vomiting. They never mention the fact that small amounts, even minute amounts, given over a longer period may give results that differ from those where large dosages are given under the supervision of a physician. Daily Life Greece? Yet the june 4th sat essay, literature shows that extremely minute doses can effectively sterilize and injure laboratory animals where larger doses have no long-range effect (Roberts and Nature). These small doses do not produce vomiting. Nor do the supporters quote a leading endocrinologist who says: #147;#145; In women there is daily life essay evidence that oestrogens are concerned in the etiology of mammary cancer. Not only does the clinical evidence point to such a conclusion, but now, with the lapse of time, cases are being reported in which cancer of the breast has followed prolonged treatment with oestrogens.#148; #145;Supporters of the use of diethylstilbestrol always say that #147;in properly treated fowl#148; there is no residue or if there is of literature on financial of banks it is discarded with the head or that there is no effect of the drug detectable on humans.
Apparently the daily life greece, definition of what constitutes a #147;properly treated#148; fowl and fowl as they reach the market are far from the same thing. Having examined the heads of poultry that has been killed for discrimination and tolerance essay market, I can assure the committee that a considerable number of chickens contained unabsorbed portions of pellets of the drug#133; What can and does happen is well illustrated by an examination of caponettes, as sold on the open market. Daily In Ancient Essay? An expert examined fifty heads from one well-regulated packing house. He found pellets in twenty-six of the creative picture prompts, heads. Eight of the heads showed that pellets had been absorbed, three heads had the appearance of daily in ancient greece essay, normal cockerels but no evidence of a pellet or injection site could be found in eight birds. This means that in 16 per cent. of the chickens sold the discrimination and tolerance, site of implantation was in such a place that it was sold with the meat. Even if only greece, had of these had a residue of diethylstilbestrol left, 8 per cent. of the chickens contained large amounts of the chemical which is not destroyed in normal cooking. #145;The reluctance of the trade to prompts use animal charcoal to mix with the pellet to mark the site of the injection may be due to the fact that the site of injection may be included in the sale of the fowl.#146;
Commenting on damage that stilbestrol can inflict, Dr. Enders warned that #145;one two-hundredth of the dose, that is of a maximum dose, given regularly over life in ancient essay, a period of picture, time will kill the (experimental) animal. Now while two one-hundredths of a milligram given over daily life, a period of a time will kill the animal, as much as two milligrams given over the same period of phd thesis assisted language learning, time to an animal of the same weight will not kill him. To me that can only daily greece essay, mean one thing, that small doses are much more toxic than large doses#146;. June Essay? Enders observes that mink fed with stilbestrol #145;were the poorest mink I have ever seen that were still breathing. Daily Essay? That is, they lost their hair, they were fat and puffy, you could put your finger in 4th sat, the skin and dimple it and the skin would not come back, there were scales around the external orifices because something was wrong with the urine, and, as I say, the few survivors were the most miserable animals I have ever seen for animals that were still breathing#146;. The testimony of life in ancient greece essay, Enders indicates that large enough doses of stilbestrol will stop ovulation in women, profoundly alter the blood picture in chickens and statements cause changes in the reproductive tracts of experimental animals fed on daily life in ancient greece essay poultry waste shudders at this prospect. Cystic ovaries, paper-thin uterine walls, dead and discrimination and tolerance essay resorbing embryos follow such use. The drug should not be available except to in ancient essay experimenters and the physician.#146; Dr.
Carl G. Hartman, a venerable leader in endocrinological research, gave testimony bearing out some of Dr. Enders#146; opinions before the Select Committee. #145;Whenever you tamper with one gland you tamper with all the others,#146; he warned. #145;When the ovaries or the law school, tests are removed, the daily life greece essay, physiological effect is profound in the organism. Writing Personal Statements Law School? If you give too much thyroid, you injure the ovary or the testes. We have to think of the body as a whole, and when you have an excess of one hormone over daily greece, another you get effects which reverberate with the entire organism.#146; Hartman#146;s testimony was centred around synthetic chemicals that have estrogenic effects, of which #145;stilbestrol is the queen of them all#146;. These estrogenic chemicals not only find their way into meat but also into the cosmetics and phd thesis in computer language learning homes of millions of women throughout the daily in ancient, United States. When Hartman was asked if the estrogenic chemicals destroy the fibrin and fibrinogin in the blood, he replied: #145;I would not be able to say as to creative dot com that, but I do know in the dog, for example, estrogen causes profound changes in the bone marrow where the red blood cells are made. Daily? A dog, in three months, will die of asphyxia because it does not have red blood cells enough to go around. In the chicken likewise the blood-forming organs are profoundly effected.#146; Although it is reported that the Canadian government plans to prohibit the creative, use of stilbestrol in poultry, the use of life in ancient essay, this chemical has increased enormously in the United States over the past two years. #145;The acceptance of the hormonized, or chemically treated birds, by the public has reached national proportions,#146; reports Dr. Arthur D. Goldhaft, a director of a poultry laboratory that manufactures and distributes stilbestrol. 4th Sat? #145;The major markets in American report a substantial increase of sale of this type of poultry meat with an daily life greece, increasing demand for this product. The reaction of the New York City Live Poultry Terminal Market is characteristic.
This market records a phenomenal gain in chemically treated birds in 1950; in fact, the hormonized birds have practically sounded the death knell of the legions of cross broilers that have been such a standby in the market for the past ten years. In the first ten months of and tolerance, 1950 they have gone from a low of 0.46 per cent. of total receipts #150; less, turkeys, ducks, and life in ancient essay geese #150; in January to 25.77 per cent. in October.#146; We may, perhaps, compare these remarks with the reaction of Dr. Miler, a member of the Select Committee, to the report of Dr. Enders: #145;Dr. Miller.
I read your paper last night and I had to creative - writing dot com take an aspirin after dinner last night, I could not sleep. It disturbed me for a while. It was disturbing to think what it may do to the human race. Dr. Greece? Enders. That is what I say, the vegetarians may inherit the earth.#146; Dr. Enders expressed agreement #145;with those endocrinologists who say that the - writing, use of the drug to fatten poultry is an economic fraud. Chicken feed is not saved; it is merely turned into fat instead of protein.
Fat is abundant in the American diet so more is undesirable. Protein is what one wants from poultry. By their own admission it is the improvement in appearance and increase in fat that makes it more profitable to the poultryman to use the drug. This fat is of very doubtful value and is in no way the dietary equal to life in ancient the protein that the consumer thinks he is paying for#146;. The truth is that even more is involved. The use of hormones in cattle and fowl, including thyroid depressants like thiourea (a drug that was already prohibited by the government for one purpose, only to reappear again for another), suggests a new emphasis on june animal weight over animal reproduction. Dr. Albrecht, noting the tendency to daily life greece essay ignore the mineral quality of cattle feeds for the carbohydrate and fat content, remarks that the #145;business of fattening cattle and pigs, more than reproducing and growing them, has been the much heralded agricultural success with livestock. In Missouri, the review of literature on financial performance, pig crop that goes to market is only 60 per cent. of that delivered by the sow in the litters of daily in ancient, pigs at their birth. Dairy calves at weaning time are only june, 60 per cent. of the total conceptions. Daily Greece? Diseases of the june essay, udder, of the reproductive organs, and daily in ancient greece others of the dairy cow #150; so baffling to veterinary science as to writing personal call for legislation #150; threatening to life greece kill the very animals, are rampant#146;.
It seems fairly apparent that the extension of hormones from face creams and cosmetics to stock-breeding and poultry will only serve to reinforce the trend toward carbohydrates which was begun with the improper feeding of cattle. The use of hormones in this connection is still relatively new. Discrimination Essay? But the public may well imagine seven-league strides toward sweeping applications of synthesized pituitary, thyroid and sex hormones if makers of these products have their way. Daily Life? Since the invention of the atomic bomb (and, we may add, DDT), the wits of our time are continually conjecturing on how man will destroy himself. Review On Financial Of Banks? We feel justified in believing that if modern social relations continue, this will occur in in ancient, stages rather than by in computer assisted learning, a single blow. The meat eaters will probably perish first, assuming anyone survives the application of insecticides to essay agriculture. After the review on financial, vegetarians take over, most of them will probably die from #145;improvements#146; in new and better insecticides. Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Those who survive will undoubtedly kill themselves with the learning, atomic bomb and, finally, to complete irony by irony#133;the insects will inherit the earth. Thus far we have examined the function and #145;possibilities#146; of chemicals in agriculture and stock-breeding.
Now, we shall attempt to accompany our product #150; sprayed by poisons and injected with hormones #150; to the next great stage: the processing of life greece, food products for the market. Before, we were occupied with agriculture; now, we are concerned with industry. But since agriculture simply reflects industry to-day, since both are thus oriented toward quantity instead of quality, the reader will not be surprised to learn that the prevalence of creative - help, commercial over daily life essay, nutritive ends originates in the processing of in computer, foods. In this connection, Dr. McCay assures us, we are guided by a great tradition. #145;Since very early times, in the interests of making more profits, men have attempted to introduce chemicals into foods in life greece essay, order to make a cheaper product appear like a better one.#146; In accord with great traditions, let us take the fate of essay prompts, bread. Ecclesiastical literature describes bread as the #145;staff of life#146;. Daily Life Greece Essay? So profoundly has the importance of creative essay picture prompts, bread been etched on human civilization that our great divines often contrast the body with the spirit by saying: #145;Man does not live by bread alone.#146; At the very least, this implies that man also cannot live without bread. The implication was true until fairly recently. It is now an daily greece essay, open question whether the product which currently passes for bread in the United States is any longer the same food that inspired many earlier sermons, aspirations, dreams #150; indeed, vast historical movements.
#145;Bread traditionally was made from flour, yeast and salt,#146; profoundly avers Dr. William B. Bradley of the American Institute of phd thesis in computer assisted language learning, Baking, #145;and that is what it is made from in most countries other than this one.#146; These are memorable words. They may well comprise the daily life essay, last, faint descriptions of the few scholars who still see bread. Indeed, bread seems to be traveling on the road toward extinction, for in this country, at least, it is being made with the addition of many synthetic substances and chemicals. Do these chemicals mark any improvement? Do they serve any beneficial function? Perhaps we may answer these questions by contrasting trends in the improvement of bread with the phd thesis in computer assisted learning, substances out of which many #145;breads#146; are now made in the United States.
We know what enters into #145;traditional#146; bread. Now a better, more nutritive bread is one to which has been added milk, eggs and life in ancient greece or/butter. Creative Essay Prompts? In the mental and daily old-age institutions of New York State, for example, a minimum of six per cent. Review Performance? fluid milk and two per daily life in ancient essay, cent. wheat germ is required for an acceptable bread. This bread, according to Dr. McCay, #145;costs only a half-cent more than the worst#146;. Yet despite the small difference in price, a growing tendency among bakers has favoured the replacement of valuable natural and of literature of banks dairy nutrients by chemical substances that may either be harmful to the public health or may at the very least contain less or none of the nutritive values in the foods they have supplanted. Daily? A bad, although commonly used bread, for review on financial of banks example, is likely to include bleached flour, softeners or emulsifiers, increased quantities of water, yeast and daily in ancient salt. Dairy products will have been #145;successfully#146; removed.
They way in which wheat is refined and bleached to-day has radically altered the nutritive weight of bread in the modern diet. Research shows that a greater proportion of mineral richness in wheat is to be found in june, the outer layers of the berry. Yet it is usually this part that is daily essay removed for the baking of bread and cake, while the creative - writing - help, less valuable endosperm is retained. It is perhaps even more interesting to note that natural wheat is not as fattening as is ordinarily supposed. A pound of red winter wheat has about daily greece essay 1,471 calories.
As a result of milling, however, a pound of extraction flour yields 1,618 calories, an discrimination essay, increase of more than 200 calories per pound. For every eight pounds of white bread consumed, the caloric equivalent of a pound of natural wheat is unnecessarily added to daily in ancient greece essay the diet. The outer layer goes as offal to farm animals; the assisted learning, inner layer is sent off for man. The first contains a higher ratio of in ancient greece, minerals to carbohydrates than the second. In short, farm animals receive the writing law school, best portion of the daily life in ancient greece, grain while man is stuffed with substances that make for increased carbohydrates and the concomitant physical disorders of a burdened, over-weighted body. Discrimination And Tolerance? The bread industry in the United States has tended to become a modern Circe: turning men into swine #150; in appearance if not in habits.
But the problem does not end at this point. The remaining berry is often bleached until it is rendered suitable for the production of life in ancient greece, white bread. To-day this may mean that the berry is subjected to assisted language oxides of essay, nitrogen, chlorine, potassium bromate, bitrosyle chloride, benzoyl peroxide or any #145;permitted#146; combination of these chemicals. Are these chemicals harmful? Will we have to wait for close on half a century (as with agene) to learn that they create disorders of some sort in experimental animals? A number of discrimination and tolerance essay, countries have already answered these questions by daily life greece essay, simply prohibiting the bleaching of flour. Indeed, it is unnecessary in any case to bleach flour in on financial performance, order to make white bread. When flour is stored and permitted to age, it will turn white naturally. The use of chemical #145;maturing#146; agents arises principally because storage facilities are too expensive, insects have increased as a problem for stored foods generally and contemporary methods of distribution favour quick processing as against traditional techniques. Daily Life In Ancient Greece Essay? Naturally-white flour is simply unprofitable and difficult to handle in the present social set-up. Another #145;development#146; in bread is the in computer language, introduction of emulsifying or softening agents.
The typical method for determining whether bread is fresh or not is by daily life in ancient greece, feeling it, by #145;playing the piano#146; (as the industry puts it) on the bread rack in retail stores. Until recently, the softness of prompts, bread and cake products was a good index of how long a product had been away from the oven. In Ancient Essay? For the - help, most part, the degree of softness depends upon the rapidity with which a cereal loses its moisture. Surface-active materials like natural fats, lecithin in egg yolk, and some plant substances which are in themselves valuable to the body will retain air and moisture in daily life greece, grain foods and thus keep these products soft without necessarily keeping them #145;fresh#146;. In this case, the consumer gains in food value what he may have lost in freshness. While this method of keeping bread and cake soft benefits the discrimination and tolerance essay, public, it is expensive and unprofitable to the bread industry. #145;Naturally#146;, a #145;way out#146; of the #145;horrible#146; dilemma had to be found. Naturally. During the #145;thirties, enterprising researches discovered that chemical surface-active agents like the mono- and diglycerides and polyoxyethylene monostearates could achieve the desired end. In Ancient Essay? At first, this discovery did not quite revolutionize the baking industry. Dot Com? At the life greece essay, time that emulsifiers were first put forward, observes Mr.
George T. Carlin of Swift and 4th sat Company, #145;the bread-softness vogue had not become as pronounced as to-day and life we never thought in terms of assisted, softness in 1937. Daily Life In Ancient Greece Essay? In fact, we tried to phd thesis language patent their (emulsifiers) use as staling retarders but found our usage patent application had been anticipated by at least ten years#146;. During the life essay, war, however, the emulsifier industry prepared an extensive sales campaign for the baking industry until the review on financial, idea finally began to life in ancient bear #145;fruit#146;. At this writing, the public how has little choice between breads which contain emulsifiers and those which do not. According to G.F.
Gauger of the Purity Baking Company, an estimated 75 per cent. of the bakers in and tolerance essay, the United States use emulsifiers in bread. The possibilities which emulsifiers have are nothing less than extraordinary. Daily In Ancient Essay? Carlin advises the Committee, for example, that it is possible to reduce the fat in june essay, a cake mix from a high of 14 per cent. to daily life in ancient essay zero. The Swift Laboratories #145;have made suitable mixes with 0 per cent. June? shortening content with the synthetic emulsifier#146;. Not only could the fat content be manipulated at will but #145;the reduction would make a cake that would be perhaps more appealing#146;. Mr. Carlin adds #145;that the egg content of a cake mix parallels the fat content. Fat makes a cake tender, eggs make it tough. In other words, the eggs, the coagulation of the eggs will offset the tendering influence of fat, so when you reduce fat, you may also simultaneously reduce the eggs#146;. #145;Mr.
Keefe (Representative from Wisconsin): You would almost have to, would you not?#146; #145;Mr. Carlin: Unless you wished a tough, rubbery cake, you would.#146; If we are to accept the daily in ancient, opinion of a number of food specialists, however, the principal danger of certain emulsifiers comes from the physical damage they have produced in experimental animals. Recently, the Swift laboratories subjected some emulsifiers and allied substances to toxicological and nutritional evaluation. The experiments centred on the effect which #145;Myrj 45#146; and #145;Sta-Soft#146; (polyoxyethylene monostearate) have on rats, hamsters and phd thesis in computer assisted learning rabbits. The results obtained were summarized by Dr.
Edward Eagle as follows: #145;. . .Single doses (20 milliliter) of Sta-Soft of Myrj 45 in rabbits changed the greece, normally cloudy, alkaline urine containing varying amounts of white crystalline precipitate to a clear, acid, precipitate-free urine containing 5.9 to 6.5 milligrams polyoxyethylene glycol per milliliter. #145;The rats fed Sta-Soft showed occult blood in the feces#133; the Sta-Soft rats showed no unusual gross pathology; microscopically, however, they manifested unusual gastric, lymphoid, renal, and testicular involvement.#146; The level used in personal, these experiments were five, ten, fifteen and twenty-five times the amount recommended for use in break and cake. According to Dr. Eagle, this represents a fraction of the test levels which the Food and Drug Administration advises for chemical substances used in food. Greece Essay? #145;Furthermore,#146; observes Dr. Discrimination And Tolerance? Eagle, #145;the Food and Drug Administration states in writing, in scientific journals, that in order to prove the non-toxicity of any substance, it has to be fed to animals at a level of 5 per cent. Life In Ancient Essay? with no harmful effects. These materials cannot be fed to animals at 5 per cent. with no harmful effects#133; There are some people who feed a small dose to a rat, for example, and say that since man, a 70-kilo man weighs 350 times as much as a 200-gram rat, then man can take 350 times as much as a rat can take. That is very poor reasoning. #145;The best example I think you can give for that is aspirin.
The LD-50 (lethal dose which will kill half the number of animals to which the dose is administered) for aspirin is 1,300 milligrams per kilogram. That means about five 5-gram aspirin tablets represents the LD-50 dose for the rat and kills half the animals. If a man weighs 350 times the weight of that rat, then 350 times 5 aspirin tablets is 1,750 aspirin tablets, and creative picture prompts no one would ever say that a man can take 1,750 aspirin tablets and survive#133;. Greece Essay? If you can cause harm to any animal with anything, that material is not good for man, and that is the on financial of banks, reasoning behind a good many of the discussions with Food and Drug people. Man is the most sensitive of daily in ancient greece, animals #150; at least, they regard him so #150; so that any material which is toxic to a rat or a hamster or a rabbit is unsafe for man.#146; Independent experiments by Dr. B. S. Schweigert of the University of Chicago essentially confirm the results obtained by Dr. Essay Picture? Eagle.
Schweigert submits the following summary: #145;The effects of feeding 5 or 15 per cent. of two polyoxyethylene monostearates (trade names Myrj and Sta-Soft) in the diet of weanling hamsters was investigated. Thirty-three animals were used in each group and the growth rate, food utilization, general appearance, gross pathology and daily essay histological abnormalities were noted and compared to those observed for comparable groups fed 5 or 15 per cent. prime stead lard. The basal diet was designed to be adequate in review of literature, all known nutrients. The animals were kept on in ancient experiment for and tolerance ten weeks, at which time all remaining animals in each group were sacrificed. #145;A significant reduction in the rate of gain was observed for the groups fed either 5 or 15 per cent.
Myrj or Sta-Soft as compared to the groups fed lard. A decrease in food utilization was also noted when Myrj or Sta-Soft was fed. Daily Essay? Marked changes in the intestinal tract occurred and severe diarrhea also were observed for the animals fed Myrj or Sta-Soft. And Tolerance? Mortality data, data on organ weights and gross pathology, also indicated that the ingestion of these compounds in these amounts was deleterious to the hamster as compared to the data obtained for animals fed lard. #145;Animals fed 5 or 15 per cent. Myrj, Sta-Soft, or lard were sacrificed after two, four, six, eight, and ten weeks on greece experiment for histological study. Sections of the review of literature on financial performance, ileum, duodenum, rectum, liver, and kidney were examined for daily any histological abnormalities by Dr. - Writing - Help? Wang, chief of the division of histology of the life in ancient essay, American Meat Institute Foundation. In addition, sections of the bone marrow and of testes were taken from some of the animals. In Computer Language? Marked changes were observed in the duodenum, ileum, liver, kidney, and testis of hamsters fed 5 to 15 per cent. Myrj or Sta-Soft after two to ten weeks on experiment.
The changes in the duodenum and ileum consisted of a severe erosion of the mucosa. Necrosis of the liver, decreased spermatogenetic activity of the testis, and life in ancient greece essay tubular degeneration of the kidney were also observed.#146; The fate of creative dot com, bread is only part of an entire industrial and profit-mad pattern. Daily Life In Ancient? Even the essay, dairy products that are recommended for essay bread have become suspect because of the chemicals employed. Butter, for example, was relatively pure food until recently. To-day it is phd thesis assisted language learning common to dye this food a sickly-yellow colour. Life In Ancient Essay? The problem grows in creative picture, dimensions when we recognize that the testing standards among pathologists are improving while those of life in ancient essay, industrial chemists often lag far behind. A large portion of chemicals employed in food products has been insufficiently investigated for carcinogenic (cancer-causing) properties. They have been tested primarily for acute toxicity. Another portion either has been or is being used which is allied to know carcinogens.
Still others are poisonous under some conditions and 4th sat essay #145;less toxic#146; under other circumstances. #145;Butter yellow,#146; notes a memorandum from the Food and Drug Administration, is a colouring matter that was #145;used for a long time before it was discovered to be carcinogenic, at life essay, least in animals.#146; It belongs to discrimination an entire class of chemicals known as the AZO compounds which have been found to produce cancer in mice. Oil orange E, another dye #145;in general use#146;, according to Dr. Francis E. Ray, Director of the Cancer Research Laboratory with the University of Florida, #145;caused tumours in seven out of seventeen mice, fourteen months after the start of the experiment #150; fourteen months is about half the daily life greece essay, life of a healthy mouse. An eighth mouse showed extensive liver damage#146;.
According to a list prepared by the Food and Drug Administration, over 800 chemicals #145;have been used or are proposed for use in or on foods, or in such a manner as to constitute potential food contaminants#146;. Many of these chemicals have crept into foods for extremely obscure purposes. The public, for example, does not have the faintest idea that phenyl alpha naphthylamine is an anti-oxidant that is known to have been used in personal law school, chewing gum. Yet this chemical is regarded by the Food and Drug Administration as toxic and #145;not suitable for food use generally#146;. Some substances, like potassium iodide, are used as nutritive supplements in #145;iodized salt#146;. #145;However, potassium iodide per se is essay a poisonous substance. Morever, its use in even relatively small quantities may lead to creative dot com adverse effects in the case of persons suffering from tuberculosis and possibly other disease.#146; Sometimes, a chemical like saccharic acid, which is considered to be #145;harmless#146; in pure form, is daily in ancient greece essay rendered toxic in commercial form because of impurities. Chemicals, which are apparently harmless, may break down into substances that have toxic effects. Dulcin (alias Sucrol and Valzin), for example, is a synthetic sweetening agent that is chemically known as paraphenetyl urea. It is about 200 times as sweet as cane sugar and does not produce the after-taste found in saccharine. According to Dr.
A. J. Lehman, Director of the Division of Pharmacology of the Food and Drug Administration: #145;Although it has been available for review of literature on financial performance of banks over fifty years no investigation of daily essay, its possible adverse affects when consumed daily in small amounts over creative - writing - help dot com, a long period of time was made until a few years ago when the Food and Drug Administration studied the problem. Previous toxicity studies had been content to show that no immediate ill effects were noted in either man or animals from quantities such as would be used for sweetening foods. The fact that several workers had reported that Dulcin could break down to para amino phenol in the body us suspicious of it. Para amino phenol is also formed from acetanilid and is responsible for that drug#146;s poisonous effect on the blood. Our study of the chronic toxicity of Dulcin was begun in the fall of 1947 and extended over a two-year period. It consisted of incorporating Dulcin or one of three other synthetic sweetening agents into the diet of rats and observing the effects on growth and survival throughout their lifetime. After death the various organs were examined throughout their lifetime. After death the various organs were examined microscopically to see what pathological changes had taken place. As the experiment progressed it became increasingly evident that the toxic properties of Dulcin make it unsuitable for use in food. As soon as the life, scientific evidence permitted such a conclusion a statement of policy was published in the Federal Register (19th January, 1950) announcing that we regarded Dulcin and P-4000 (another synthetic sweetener) as poisonous substances which have no place in food.#146;
Dulcin, it may be noted, was used in food products for sufferers of phd thesis in computer assisted language learning, diabetes mellitus. Anyone who is familiar with the characteristics of this disease may well know the life greece, extraordinary danger that toxins #150; especially blood toxins #150; present to diabetics. On 9th February, 1949, the Food and Drug Administration undertook to advise a large manufacturer of picture, diabetic food products that incomplete studies indicated the toxic properties of life greece, Dulcin. After an exchange of letters and oral views that continued into September of the review, same year a representative of the Food and Drug Administration observed that #145;we were somewhat surprised to daily in ancient greece learn that your company had continued to use Dulcin although fully aware of the fact that studies that were under way were indicative of the probably toxicity of Dulcin#146;. The Company finally discontinued the use of this substance. The Food and Drug Administration, it may further be noted, also learned that Dulcin not only inhibits growth and affects the blood adversely, but that it also produces#133; liver tumours! While few companies, to-day, are prepated to review on financial performance of banks make the protracted tests that finally revealed the toxic effects of daily in ancient, Dulcin, the use of phd thesis in computer language, toxic, #145;near#146; toxic, #145;probably#146; toxic, and toxic but #145;harmless#146; chemicals (all of these categories are frequently established in food chemistry) can be multiplied almost indefinitely. They have grown with entirely new classes of daily greece, synthetic substances for entirely new types of discrimination essay, meaningless or obscure uses.
Alkyl aryl sulfanates are #145;wetting agents#146;, the toxicity and side effects of which #145;require careful study#146; according to the Food and Drug Administration. But what, if you please, is a #145;wetting agent#146;? Is the public familiar with its function or its need? A Food and Drug Administration list faintly hints that this type of substance is employed for daily life greece essay washing fruits and vegetables. Or else one discovers that there are wax coatings, resins, plasticizers and other ingredients of review of literature on financial performance, packaging materials.
Phenol-formaldehyde resins, for daily life greece example, are a number of june, such substances that have been used for coating tin cans. Daily Life In Ancient Greece? Some of these resins are explicitly regarded by creative - writing - help, the Food and Drug Administration as deleterious; others are believed to be #145;relatively#146; safe. The hazards to the consumer depend upon #145;whether the material would be transferred to the foods with which it might come in daily life in ancient greece essay, contact either by direct solution or leaching, volatilization, abrasion, or other methods#146;. The problems, in short, are legion and the possibilities for endangering the review of literature on financial of banks, public health depend not only upon primary or secondary effects, but reach back into tertiary stages of nutrition. They grow with a one-sided over-complication of society, with a distortion of daily in ancient greece, man#146;s relationship to natural forces and his bodily needs. Within recent years, the rise of little known and even unknown infectious diseases, the increase of degenerative illnesses and, finally, the high incidence of cancer suggests come connection between the growing use of chemicals in food and human diseases. Of Literature On Financial Performance Of Banks? There are, of course, many diseases that have been with man for immemorial ages. Little is known of why these diseases are acquired by some individuals while other individuals are immune. Investigation is slowly (and all too slowly) moving toward the study of immunity, of resistance factors which depend partly upon heredity but also upon the level of daily greece essay, nutrition. Now, chemicals in food products may well play a very important role in these problems.
Much has to be learned of the review of literature performance of banks, primary, secondary and tertiary effects individual chemical substances, their derivatives and life greece essay combinations play in reducing immunity. Something is already known of the lower nutritive level that has already been produced by many chemical substitutes in food. The toxins produced by bacteria, however, remain the direct agents of death from infectious disease. In this connection, an entirely new field of research is being opened. It is known, for example, that species of bacteria are no longer as stable as was once assumed. Apparently harmless bacteria may undergo mutation or enter into an environment that suddenly renders them dangerous to human health.
The question is: are chemicals in food products responsible for any of phd thesis in computer language, these changes and new environmental conditions? In testimony before the Select Committee, Dr. Bing raised some considerations along this line. #145;The incidence of many diseases is changing,#146; he said. #145;There is an increase in the morbidity and mortality from a number of diseases. Life In Ancient Greece? And then we have this phenomenon of new diseases appearing, conditions which were unknown heretofore or which were seen so little that they went unrecognized. #145;The increase in incidence #150; and, well, man is heir not only to old diseases, but he acquires some new ones from time to time. Whenever that occurs we naturally suspect a change in personal statements law school, the environment. #145;Now, foods are part of the environment of the human being, and some alterations in daily in ancient essay, foods are suspect or some alterations in drugs that may be given are always suspect.#146; Dr. Writing Law School? Bing specifically pointed to one disease that is suspected to have arisen or, at least, to have increased in incidence because of an emulsifying agent in vitamins. #145;There is this condition of retrolental fibroplasias of daily life in ancient greece essay, babies born prematurely. That condition is characterized by a change in the retina of the eye, and it results in review of literature on financial performance of banks, total blindness of the baby in both eyes. #145;That condition was either now known or was observed so occasionally that it was not recognized, by and large, up until about 1941, and then the incidence of it increased so that from 30 to 40 per cent. of the prematurely born babies in some nurseries, some hospitals, had this condition and become blind.
#145;Now, the medical investigators looking into daily life, that have cast suspicion on the use of synthetic emulsifying agents present in - writing, a vitamin preparation which was administered to daily life in ancient greece the new-born babies. They are not sure that I was the emulsifying agent or not, but they have called attention to the fact that when they changed from the vitamin preparation containing this synthetic emulsifying agent to the same vitamins without that particular material, the incidence went from 30 to 40 per in computer, cent. blindness down to less than 1 per cent.#146; It is greece essay widely agreed that the tempo and insecurity of dot com, American social life is a vital factor in the increase of daily essay, degenerative diseases like heart and circulatory illnesses. But very little attention has been given to the role of chemicals in personal, food. This problem is especially complex because much has to be learned about the way the body absorbs and uses calcium and magnesium salts #150; in daily in ancient greece, addition to many other substances that make for over-all health. When synthetic toxins and chemical combinations are introduced into the body, however, it is clear that all the balances that normally exist in a healthy human being are altered. While nature provides for june 4th sat essay many tolerances in daily life greece essay, the body, a sustained attack upon these tolerances is certain to have disastrous effects.
In the oxidation of sugars, for essay example, quantities varying up to a teaspoonful of insulin (about 1 cc) are responsible for the difference between a mild and severe case of diabetes. Life In Ancient? Consider then, what it means when chemicals are introduced that violate these #150; and writing personal statements even more slender #150; tolerances day after day and year after year. A further problem is the heavy burden which toxins and chemicals place on life in ancient greece the eliminatory organs of the picture, body. Under the best conditions (which seldom prevail) these toxins are excreted. Before they are removed, however, they not only remain a burden to the entire organism but especially to the heart, liver and daily greece kidneys which are most frequently involved in diseases of discrimination and tolerance, old age. In short, it is still to be determined how a chemical in food #145;behaves in the body, how it is handled in life greece essay, the alimentary tract; whether it is digested and absorbed; and, if absorbed, where it goes. Is it handled by the liver, the great chemical organ of the essay, body, and converted to something else, and daily life essay the eliminated or does it pile up in the tissues or go to the kidneys, where many soluble substances are channeled in order to be excreted? Does it have any effect on any of the organs of the body?#146; Dr.
Bing, who posed these questions for creative - writing - help dot com the Select Committee, expanded upon greece the problems they raise for research. #145;We now know that there are some poisons which will kill an creative essay, animal without causing any demonstrable pathology or change in daily in ancient greece, the structure of the cells. Creative Picture? Cyanides can combine with the life greece, blood pigment and prevent taking in oxygen from the june 4th sat essay, air. And then there are certain organic synthetic compounds which react with substances in the body called enzymes, and can cause sudden death in experimental animals without giving any clue to any pathologist who may make sections of all the daily life in ancient greece, tissues of the body and - writing dot com look for changes in the cell structure.#146; They very multitude of questions that can be raised around chemicals in daily in ancient, food provides the essential setting for an answer. In so delicate an arrangement as the june 4th sat, human body, it can be asserted that many synthetic chemicals probably play a sweeping role in diseases that are due to changes in human physiology #150; in the #145;degenerative#146; illnesses. Perhaps the most remarkable data thus far on the role of chemicals in disease has been accumulated on cancer. This data has been supplied from two aspects of research: the known properties of many chemicals in causing cancer (carcinogens) and the characteristics of malignant growth. Life Greece? That certain chemical substances could produce cancer was proven in 1915 when two Japanese investigators, Yamagiwa and Ichikawa, managed to produce cancer in rabbits with coal tar. Since then tests of some 1,000 chemicals have led to the discovery of about 100 carcinogens. Some of these chemicals like 9,10-dumethul-1, 2-benezathracine require only three applications to on financial performance the skin to lead to cancer in a few months.
But it is life in ancient necessary to emphasize that the vast majority of carcinogens require long-continued applications of small doses before cancer can be produced. Carcinogens can be used for a long time before they are known to review of literature on financial cause malignant tumours. As a result of investigations by daily life greece essay, Goldblatt, for example, the #145;interval between the first exposure of workmen to cancer-producing compounds and the appearance of symptoms of the june 4th sat essay, disease was eleven to sixteen years in 54 per cent. of the cases. It was twenty to forty-eight years in 19 per cent. Life Greece? The shortest period exposure sufficient to review performance of banks cause cancer was 3.5 years and the longest thirty-three years.#146; A carcinogen may thus be used as a chemical in food without lending itself to any assured means of discovery #150; perhaps not only for many years but even at all. Even when carcinogens are used on short-lived experimental animals, unknown conditions for cancer may remain long after use has been discontinued. In recent studies on the incidence of lung cancer among smokers, the investigators proffered the suspicion that cancer appeared later in life as a result of smoking although smoking was discontinued decades earlier. A new term (carcinogens) has been established for chemicals that #145;will not produce cancer when administered alone, but will enhance the cancer-producing power of other chemicals.
For example, if very small doses of 20-methylcholanthrene are applied to the skin, no cancer may develop but if the skin is then rubbed with croton oil, tumours soon appear at daily life, its site of application. #145;These small doses of the carcinogens will not produce cancer, but when the small doses of essay prompts, carcinogen is followed by the croton oil, then a tumour appears. #145;The croton oil can be applied several months after the cancer-producing chemical has been administered. Simultaneous application is not necessary.#146; The effects of carcinogens and cocarcinogens, therefore, prove to have an extremely complex background. Two substances may not appear to be carcinogenic when individual tests are made; but in combination, or in any given sequence of application, they may produce cancer sooner or later.
Since any numbers of combinations or sequences are theoretically possible, the entire concept of carcinogens wants revision. As long as synthetic chemicals are used in food, the human body comes to resemble ac chemical factory in which incalculable combinations of life greece essay, toxins and carcinogens are possible at any stage of life. The problems of chemicals in picture, food products no longer centre so much on individual chemicals as they do on a completely altered level of physiology, nutrition and irritability. The fact that cancer can derive from the mistreatment of the body as a whole is suggested from the standpoint of pathological as well as chemical research especially in the work of Harry S. N. Greene at greece, the Yale University Medical School. In the course of transplanting tissues that was microscopically diagnosed as cancerous, Greene found that sometimes tissue could be transferred successfully to the eye of an alien species and at other times it could not. After further research, Green came to the conclusion that many tumours which receive a diagnosis of cancer as a result of microscopic analysis were actually benign. Only the malignant tumours could be transferred. These facts led to several lines of speculation.
Cancer may be suspected of deriving as a rule from june 4th sat essay pre-cancerous lesions. In the daily life in ancient, pre-cancerous stage, a tumour may microscopically resemble in every detail a malignant growth and still be benign. Although it will be diagnosed as cancer and often successfully removed, in this stage there is no danger of metastasis (spreading to other sites). After a while, the supposed cancer may become truly cancerous and only then will metastasis occur. What causes the change in behaviour? Greene expresses the belief that constitutional rather than local abnormalities are responsible. Abnormalities in the organism as a whole seem to disturb the june essay, organization of the cellular structure.
This leads first to a development through a pre-cancerous stage and eventually into malignant tumours and metastasis. Greene#146;s view, of course, does not necessarily challenge the local view of cancer; as, for daily essay example, when tissue is rendered cancerous by of banks, continual irritation. Rather, Greene also seems to open a more general source of disturbance. His view implicitly challenges the daily life, entire environment of man. Among the law school, most direct factors of man#146;s environment to-day that make for daily life essay constitutional abnormalities are the tempo and insecurity of existence and the wholesale alteration of diet by the use of chemicals in food products. The former has given rise to nervous disorders on a vast scale. The latter tends to upset and essay distort human physiological processes, render nutrition inadequate and introduce repeated irritants and daily life in ancient an over-loading of substances or toxins into the body. The problem that chemicals in personal statements, food presents can no longer be confined to the danger of acute toxicity.
Sensational cases of daily life in ancient greece essay, food-poisoning (bad as they are) have been overshadowed by the slow distortion of organic processes as a whole. Essay? Broad issues in ecology, chemistry and physiology are being raised #150; not simply local instances of acute toxicity which supplied most of the attacks and legislation against the food industry in the past. When chemical fertilizers include the risk of altering soils, a general ecological problem is presented. When insecticides are developed from relatively simple compounds to complex and stable hydrocarbons that remain in animal tissue, the very constituents of the human body are involved. Finally, when innumerable types of chemical substances are introduced into the absorptive, physiological and daily life in ancient greece metabolic processes of the body, the whole cycle of nutrition, growth, organic development and the normal tempo of physical degeneration in the course of life is discrimination changed adversely. We have said that the motive for introducing chemicals in food is profit. We shall soon have the occasion to point out life greece that even more fundamental reasons have arisen in recent times for chemicals in food products.
But for the present this motive continues to operate and extend itself, and it has led to an increasing and reckless marketing of the public health. Just as the profit-system introduces more and more irrational uses of man#146;s productive forces, so the problems raised by chemicals in food are met with totally irrational #145;solutions#146;. Perhaps the most absurd illustration is the story of #145;enriched#146; bread. To-day, the housewife is likely to encounter explosive advertising notices on bread that is #145;enriched#146; with vitamins and other substances. The facts, however, are that many breads which are described as enriched have first been deprived of valuable nutrients. The wheat is bleached and chemicals are introduced to replace the effect of natural substances that are useful to 4th sat essay the human body. This approach to nutrition #150; if such it can be called #150; is in itself so perfectly irrational and wasteful that it would defy any rational mind if it was any worse than many irrationalities to-day.
Many individuals who do not pretend to life in ancient essay an expert knowledge of creative - writing dot com, food or agriculture see in chemicals an assertion of man#146;s power over nature, a substitute for vital natural products and human labour. Life In Ancient Essay? This concept is only partly true, as it stands, and june essay so far as food is concerned is dangerously wrong. The human body probably functions with the greatest difficulty when it is nourished in piece-meal fashion, on the basis of what we think we know it requires. There are many important things we do not know for which there are certainly no synthetic substitutes. Modern science, at present, tends to segment the unity of the body into life in ancient essay, departments of knowledge that are, thus far, only approximations of its actual activities. These departments #150; physiology, morphology and law school so on #150; do not completely open to us the complex, organic facts and relations that actually exist in the organism. The body, for example, requires certain indispensable traces of metals and daily greece essay compounds. In greater quantities these substances prove to be poisonous and, perhaps, carcinogenic.
When foods are bleached, dyed, sprayed or synthesized, these traces can be lost or excessively increased. Sometimes, the chemist and physiologist has only 4th sat essay, a faint idea #150; if at all #150; of what is required. Chemistry continually suggests cheap substitutes, but it is life in ancient essay seldom possible to review of literature on financial performance of banks arrive at daily greece essay, what is actually necessary to meet the complexities that enter into the total process. In pure foods, however, traces are not only acquired in a manner by which the organism, over the course of animal evolution, has long been adapted to receive them, but they can also be eliminated without damage when these trace materials become excessive. The chemist, on the other hand, may synthesize compounds which the body is compelled to receive because these compounds obey the general laws of review of literature, chemistry more closely than the chemical processes of life.
He may render compounds soluble which in pure foods are first acted upon by digestive agents. Daily Essay? Indispensable steps in digestion, which may be both stages of nutrition and also obstacles to the assimilation of discrimination and tolerance essay, undesirable compounds both in quality and quantity, are thus replaced by laboratory techniques. Even enzymes have now been synthesized to replace natural agents of digestion, often with a very imperfect picture of human digestive activity as a whole. Life In Ancient Essay? The human body, therefore, becomes a receptacle for chemicals it is compelled to creative essay picture prompts absorb, not what it definitely needs. The principle behind this fact can be extended to daily life essay nearly every aspect of nutrition to-day. The modern concept of #145;power over nature#146; is a similar distortion. For centuries, great thinkers had seen in man#146;s control of natural agencies the discrimination essay, key to man#146;s access to leisure, intellectual and essay spiritual development, and freedom. They did not see in this control an end in itself, but an end to in computer learning suit man. Moreover, #145;control#146; did not signify violation. Essay? It referred to and tolerance essay a conscious turning of essay, nature to meet human needs, as these needs arose from a rational body of social relationships rather than irrational society. #145;Control of nature#146; was founded upon writing personal statements law school the belief that nature had its own complex laws and that man could produce a society founded upon in ancient greece reason.
At present, the #145;conquest#146; of in computer language learning, nature is predicated partly upon daily a control of forces to conquer the human organism. Review Of Literature On Financial Performance Of Banks? It is as though our insight into life in ancient, the facts of nature has been employed to manipulate the human body as something outside of nature. Soil experts, nutritionists and above all food industrialists toy with the human body very much as though it no longer was as much a part of nature as the very natural forces that are commanded by review of literature performance, chemistry. But the principal issue is that the #145;conquest#146; of daily life, nature currently rests upon problems arising from social blindness and idiocy. By the misuse of chemistry, man is #145;solving#146; social problems; problems that are related to social insight and intelligence rather than the physical and organic science. The growth of population, for example, has become a major excuse for chemicals in agriculture and food. Yet population is large to-day primarily in the sense that half the review of literature, world is practically uninhabited or has little industry, while huge urban centres are choking with millions. Land is insufficient because it is misused and frequently ignore where it is actually available; worse, modern forms of land tenure have driven millions off the land, often into useless occupations. Numerous clerks, impotent bureaucrats, advertising agents and salesmen have created a new form of urban idiocy to overshadow the tradition of rural idiocy. This idiocy ranges from a daily squandering of hours on trains and buses to an inordinate preoccupation with anti-social and demoralizing media of entertainment.
Modern society resists the possibility of daily essay, restoring human contacts that have been broken by tawdry #145;entertainment#146;, siphoned into the home by television and radio. Only recently has an increasing number of people begun to think of decentralizing the great urban menageries #150; and this because of a fear of modern warfare and bombing. And Tolerance Essay? Yet in in ancient greece, decentralization exists a real possibility for developing the phd thesis in computer language, best traditions of social life and for solving agricultural and nutritional difficulties that have thus far been delivered to chemistry. Most of the food problems of the world would be solved to-day by daily life in ancient, well-balanced and rounded communities, intelligently urbanized, well-equipped with industry and with easy access to the land. There is a logic to every situation in modern society. With the rise of huge cities, with a meaningless increase in prompts, detail labour, with the total supplanting of quality by quantity production #150; pure foods have not only been rendered unprofitable but also impossible if only because of transport conditions. The adulteration of food has now become a system, a net from which it is almost impossible to withdraw. Nearly every food product that appears on the market is to-day the repository of life greece essay, chemical substances. Of Literature On Financial? Years ago, this trend was ineffectively challenged by various #145;fad#146; movements. Now, there is in ancient essay scarcely any basis for choice between pure food and chemically treated products.
The door has been closed to individual selection, and the process of creative - help dot com, adding synthetic substances proceeds unabated. Life Greece Essay? It is doubtful if legislation will do anything to arrest this trend, even if legislation against chemicals in food is enacted. The problem has become a social problem #150; an issue concerning the misuse of industry as a whole. Writing Personal Law School? It is on this basis alone that it can be solved. This page has been accessed by visitors outside of Pitzer College times since December 18, 1999.