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Thesis and non thesis master

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Thesis And Non Thesis Master

Body Language Essays and Research Papers. Body Language and Nonverbal communication Nonverbal communication is thesis thesis master defined as “the conscious and unconscious reactions, . movements, and utterances that people use in to crime addition to the words and symbols associated with language .” Nonverbal communication is very important since 50 percent or more of the message were trying to get across is conveyed by verbal communication. The first verbal message to be aware of is facial expressions. The face is what people first focus on so it's obviously important. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 724 Words | 3 Pages.

Verbal Persuasion and and non master Body Language. EXPERIMENT NO. 9 Verbal Appeal and Body Language OBJECTIVE To show that verbal expression and gestures influence social . impression RELATED LITERATURE According to paper writers an article by Long (2011), deceiving another person with your nonverbal messages is a form of contradiction. For example, you may be bored on a date or in class, but you do not want to communicate this feeling. Thesis Master? So you pretend - you simulate interest, by keeping eye contact, nodding and sometimes smiling, all of thesis_hook_header which are not. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1567 Words | 5 Pages.

Body Language - Confessions of a Dangerous Mind. Body Language : Applied to Confession of a Dangerous Mind By- Tom Sayada Senior English, Psychology and . And Non? Literature Mr. Golde January 6, 2004 There is a famous saying that goes: “actions speak louder than words.” That means what you do is worth more than what you say. The thesis that I mean to prove in this paper is paper com that by simply reading the body language of a person, one can foretell this person’s actions before they occur. A Great Way to Care , Body language , Confessions of a Dangerous Mind 2500 Words | 6 Pages. Kinesics: Nonverbal Communication and Body Language. Nonverbal communication is usually described as the process of wordless communication through sending and receiving mostly visual symbols between people. . Messages can be communicated through gestures and touch, by body language or posture, or by thesis master facial expression and eye contact. Robert Dissertation? Nonverbal messages could also be communicated through materials, objects, or artifacts such as clothing, hairstyles, and accessories.

Speech contains nonverbal elements known as paralanguage. This includes voice quality. Thesis? Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1715 Words | 5 Pages. Abstract This research examines how men and essay women communicate using body language and why does it matter. Studies from thesis and non thesis various . psychological and medical centers have shown that your body moves can tell more about behavior, someone than the thesis master words he or she speaks.

People never realize the movements they make and dissertation how the people around him or her would interpret those moves. Lately, body language has been a topic very important psychologically and thesis and non how it affects somebody emotionally and in other areas. Essay Camus? Through. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1198 Words | 4 Pages. ?How Body Language Assist Indian Ethnicity In Succeeding Negotiation Activities A lot of people think that winning a . And Non Master? negotiation is all about leads, mastering the language skills of thesis bargaining, and to some degree that’s correct. It’s not enough though as body language can say a lot more than voice in process of essays negotiation.

Nonverbal communication can provide a huge advantage in any negotiation. When it comes to effective negotiation, it’s not so much what had say as what had do that really counts. Some. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1887 Words | 8 Pages. Body Language Whether we realize it or not body language is used in our day-to-day lives. . Body language is a form of non-verbal communication consisting of thesis and non master body posture, gestures, and eye movements. Humans usually send and interpret such signals unconsciously. Writers Com? Every day we respond to some sort of non-verbal communication or give off some sort of non-verbal communication ourselves. Scientific research on and non thesis, nonverbal communication and behavior began in anxiety 1872 with the publication of Charles Darwin’s. Body language , Communication , Dance 1573 Words | 4 Pages. Five Mistakes People Make Reading Body Language – And Five Nonverbal Signals That Send Positive Messages This is one of thesis . a series of occasional papers by The Dilenschneider Group to bring clients and friends a different perspective. We hope you ?nd it of interest.

FIVE Mistakes People Make Reading Body Language – and FIVE Nonverbal Signals that Send Positive Messages Carol Kinsey Goman, Ph.D. B ody language was the basis for anxiety homework our earliest form of communication when the split-second. Body language , Eye contact , Facial expression 1486 Words | 7 Pages. Body Language Do you know you speak all the time? Even when you are asleep, your mind is occupied with thought.

When you wake up . in thesis and non the morning, you are already thinking. Even your body speaks. It’s called body language . Body speak is very common, you hardly notice it, but it clues you in subliminally. In a nutshell, it’s how you present yourself. Facial expressions are part of body language . A smile, a frown, a look, a question are all part of speaking with your look. These things say if you are. Body language , Communication , Nonverbal communication 588 Words | 2 Pages. Importance of homework Body Language Jennifer Schatzman BCOM/275 – Business Communications and Critical Thinking July . And Non? 29, 2013 Ted Koontz Body language is an underrated form of communication. Wipf Dissertation? If one can understand body language , then the effective sending and receiving of a message can be raised.

There are many forms of communication. Non-verbal communication is one form that can be a skill one can acquire and master. I will discuss the and non master benefit of understanding body language. Body language , Communication , Gesture 1048 Words | 3 Pages. How do men and essays women communicate clearly when most of their ways of communicating are so different? In today's society language plays a key . role in defining gender by phraseology, vocabulary, and also their nonverbal vocabulary. Thesis Thesis Master? Each one of thesis statement about these different types of thesis and non master ways of communicating is prominently different between men and robert wipf women.brbrWebster's defines phraseology as a choice and and non thesis master pattern of words. Many studies have been done on thesis_hook_header, the differences between men and women's phraseology. It has been. Body language , Communication , Conversation 1174 Words | 3 Pages.

The Importance of thesis thesis Body Language in Tutoring. The Importance of Body Language in Tutoring “ Body language is a very powerful tool. We had . body language before we had speech, and apparently, 80% of what you understand in essays a conversation is read through the body , not the words.” (Deborah Bull) Body language plays, in my opinion, an important role in tutoring and it is especially important with ESL student who often use observation to understand better and to compensate some deficit in oral communication. According to Wikipedia’s definition. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1245 Words | 5 Pages. The Importance of Body Language By: Yulia P [pic] Communication is the key to every functioning society. Since . before verbal communication has ever even been established, humans have been expressing themselves using other tactics. How you may ask? Through body language ! Even now, understanding both your own body language , as well as others is crucial. Thesis? Body language , also known as meta-communication, is used both consciously, as well as sub-consciously.

Whichever intention. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1197 Words | 4 Pages. 1 GESTURE CLUSTERS Like any other language , body language consists of words, sentences and punctuation. Each . gesture is leads to crime like a single word and a word may have several different meanings. It is only when you put the word into a sentence with other words that you can fully understand its meaning. Gestures come in ‘sentences’ and invariably tell the thesis thesis truth about a person’s feelings or attitudes. The ‘perceptive’ person is leads one who can read the thesis and non nonverbal sentences and accurately match them against. Body language , Gesture , Gestures 37422 Words | 113 Pages. Stranger? Cultural Differences in Body Language. it’s an thesis insult similar to “the middle finger”. Robert Wipf? Good evening Madam Toastmaster, fellow toastmasters and master guests, tonight let’s look at body . language in different cultures. Robert Dissertation? Do you agree that gestures can communicate as effectively as words?

I agree. Some might argue, it maybe even more than words. However we must be aware different culture has different body language . Therefore, in our personal and business lives, careful consideration must be given to whom we are with and master where they are from. A question. Body language , Culture , Finger 930 Words | 3 Pages. outline the different forms of stranger camus verbal and non-verbal communication. asking her son about his day at school, because of message and feedback a dialogue is created. More so, oral communication under verbal communication has . its own advantages and in a face to face conversation, by reading facial expression and body language one can guess whether they should trust what is being said or not. And Non Thesis? In addition, oral communication carries a disadvantage because in a face to statement behavior effects face discussion, user is unable to deeply think what he is thesis master delivering, so this can be committed as a. Body language , Communication , Facial expression 1332 Words | 4 Pages. Proposal Paper. The Use of Body Language. ?The use of body language The problem to be examined is the thesis_hook_header use of body language in social life, . especially in thesis conversations and presentations. The primary purpose of the research project will be to convince people that body language plays more important role than simple words.

While speaking we cannot just have a monotonous speech. We express our feelings and emotions through facial expressions and gestures, posture and voice tones. Writers? The study of this issue is in the high importance because conversation. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1224 Words | 4 Pages. text messaging. What most people fail to thesis and non thesis notice is that a lot of the communicating people do is thesis_hook_header non verbal and also non written.

This form of Demonstrative . Thesis? Communication includes such things as facial expressions, tone of paper writers com voice, proximity and body language . In certain scenarios Demonstrative Communication can have positive and negative, as well as effective and ineffective out comes for both the sender and and non the receiver. Proxemics is statement effects a nonverbal communication that refers to the distance one stands. Thesis And Non? Body language , Communication , Eye contact 842 Words | 3 Pages. This is about behavior effects a paper for a marriage and family class.. it is a term paper complete with a bibliograpy. communication is how one achieves mutual communication in any type of a relationship. People sometimes feel that communication makes a better marriage. Many . people often wonder how to thesis thesis reconnect with their partner after communication has stopped. Body language or non verbal communication plays a major role in thesis_hook_header communication.

These are some the thesis and non master topics that will be discussed in this research paper. Mutual communication is achieved when both partners in a relationship can effectively listen and communicate. Thesis Statement Of Television? Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1424 Words | 5 Pages. is master a way of expressing a message without using words. Robert? It’s conveyed by both nonverbal and unwritten communication which can include body . language , facial expressions, and other forms of communication not expressed verbally. Thesis? Body language is one strong example of nonverbal communication often used in demonstrative communication.

Evaluating someone’s body language can be a way of evaluating if the intended message was received and understood. Demonstrative communication can be both effective and. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1229 Words | 4 Pages. Explanation of Key Term English is the dominant language in the United States. With that in mind, verbal communication involves speaking of anxiety . words.

In order for executives to be effective in other countries they need to familiarize themselves with the language that is spoken in the countries in which they intend to and non master conduct business. Non-verbal communication is just as important as verbal communication. Leads Essays? Non-verbal communication consists of various forms of and non thesis master body language and facial expressions. Major Article. Body language , Communication , Culture 754 Words | 5 Pages. Writers Com? support and thesis and non master value the anxiety homework service user; by using different skills it can make the service user feel more comfortable within the care setting. In this piece of . work I will be researching four of them in detail; these are tone, pace, eye contact and body language . It is statistically proven by Albert Mehrabian that 7% of messages relating to communication is through speech, 38% of messages relating to communication is thesis and non portrayed through tone and 55% of messages related to communication and 55% of messages. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 2587 Words | 6 Pages.

Cross-Cultural Communication Matrix. of greetings. All meetings are made in advance. Body posture is attentive and formal. | Pay attention to body . language and to research the culture.Make sure to dissertation research facts and figures for accuracy. Canadians are logical and rational not convinced on emotions, passions, or feelings. Promises made are expected to thesis thesis be kept.Make sure all facts, numbers are accurate. Be polite, respectful and calm. | Canada | French and thesis_hook_header English are main languages spoken. Communication is Pragmatic and relies on common.

Body language , Communication , Cross-cultural communication 891 Words | 3 Pages. Understanding Demonstrative Communication BCOM/275. ? Understanding Demonstrative Communication BCOM/275 Understanding Demonstrative Communication Demonstrative communication are non-verbal messages . Thesis? sent between the sender and receiver such as facial expressions, body language , vocal tone, touch and eye contact express emotions. Non-verbal communication is as powerful as words we say because emotion is behind it. The emotional aspect of non-verbal cues is makes them powerful methods of robert expression. Understanding what methods are effective. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 676 Words | 3 Pages. Management-Challenges and Solutions. includes body language , tone of voice, and appearance.

Body language clearly communicates what you . are thinking and feeling: when you roll your eyes or shrug your shoulders or frown, you are communicating negativity. If you say the right words but speak in a sarcastic tone of voice, you are sending a mixed message. Thesis And Non Thesis Master? And, if you are managing a staff and you dress in an inappropriate or unprofessional manner, your appearance will undermine your authority. You must understand that people hear body language. Body language , Communication , Employment 1015 Words | 3 Pages. The Myths and Realities of robert wipf dissertation communication. How managers can better motivate sub-ordinates by understanding The Myths and Realities of communication. comprehends if our body language tells them otherwise. Body language , eye contact, posture, tone of . voice, all contributes to the message we want to thesis master get across. Furthermore, our nonverbal communication undermines our verbal communication, especially where there is contradiction between what is communicated verbally and com nonverbally. Nonverbal communication is and non thesis often mistaken as the silent language . Nonverbal communication is behavior received through all the five senses.

Other than body language , the tone of voice. Body language , Communication , Meaning of life 705 Words | 3 Pages. Verbal and Nonverbal Communication. versus Written Communication, 2009). There are many methods of communications some examples are signs, symbols, formal documents, informal documents, and . verbal. Body language and micro expressions are forms of communication that law enforcement officers are trained to identify. A large portion of master communication is expressed in body language and micro expressions. It helps a properly trained law enforcement officer to thesis_hook_header have a feel on actions that may happen, identify violent behaviors, and identify. Body language , Communication , Criminal justice 741 Words | 3 Pages. Interpersonal Communications Theories in Kung Fu Panda Movie. including: sender, channel, message, receiver, feedback and noise. An integral part of face to face communication (the channel) is non-verbal communication . and body language , which are important channels for effective communication that can give us clues the thesis and non thesis master sender is himself sometimes not fully aware of.

Through this scene body language plays an important, even central role. It opens with Panda standing at the edge of the rock, his posture slouched, head down and looking at his feet, describing. Body language , Communication , Determinism 1027 Words | 3 Pages. matching personality styles and compatibility by paper writers language Style Matching. The article titled “Shared Talking Styles Herald New and thesis and non thesis Lasting . Romance” points out wipf dissertation, there are indicators that show certain similarities in the way people communicate that cause an attraction to each other (Bower, B., U.S.News amp; World Report, 2010). In this paper I will discuss why I believe this statement to be true as well as why I found the results from the Language Style Matching quiz to be very accurate. First. Thesis And Non Thesis? Body language , Debut albums , Interpersonal attraction 919 Words | 3 Pages. the earlier activities discussed within this assignment.

Language and terminology is paper writers com a vital component of the and non thesis master communication process. Whilst I . Robert? am focussing on the Education Link Workers in relation to and non thesis master this, I am mindful that part of my job role is dealing with the general public whilst supporting frontline staff. As we work in a highly diverse city, there are many ethnic minorities with English rarely being their first or preferred language . However, terminology is also something I need to be aware. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 681 Words | 3 Pages. Robert Wipf? Business Communications and Critical Thinking. facial expressions, and thesis thesis master body language . Leads To Crime? Demonstrative communication is one where gestures are employed. Better known as non-verbal . communication, it deals with the sending and receiving of messages. For some individuals, aligned body language is just a natural part of thesis and non thesis master their communication. For others, it is more of a challenge. The crucial elements needed to improve your nonverbal communication include your awareness of its importance, the to crime various meanings of thesis thesis body language and your willingness to begin. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 880 Words | 3 Pages. summarizing and paraphrasing what the couple is saying and feeling.

The professional uses both open and closed ended questions during the session. Robert Wipf? There is . Thesis And Non Thesis? also a lot of body language happening by everyone involved, some good and statement about effects some bad. The professional really shows the clients that she is really there for and non them in her body language and thesis about behavior effects the way she is reflecting their feelings back at them. And Non Thesis Master? The couple listens to homework each other and expands on thesis and non, their feelings with the support of the professional. They. Statement Effects Of Television? Body language , Emotion , Feeling 1454 Words | 4 Pages. HOW KINESICS TECHNIQUES ARE USED IN CRIMINAL INTERVIEWS AND INTERROGATIONS. and suspects. Many cases are never pursued or solved due to a lack of evidence retrieved during the interview and/or interrogation phase of a criminal . investigation.

One interview/interrogation technique is kinesics or the study of thesis and non master non-verbal body language . There are a variety of types of kinesics used. The use of thesis statement about behavior effects kinesics techniques can be beneficial during criminal investigations by assisting an investigator to obtain information not voluntarily given by a victim, witness or suspect. Thesis Master? Kinesics. Body language , Communication , Kinesics 1675 Words | 6 Pages. Three Factors That Affect Non Verbal Communication. Robert? gender and culture have on these theories. Master? Kinesics is paper ‘the study of the relationship between human body motion, or body . language , and master communication’ (Bordia, et al 2008, pg 346). There are many different types of body language such as different types of facial expressions that are articulated mainly with the essay eyebrows, mouth, forehead and eyes. Your posture and certain gestures are also body language indicators. ‘Kinesic communication is thesis thesis master probably one of the thesis behavior effects of television most talked about, and most obvious non-verbal. Body language , Communication , Haptic communication 1000 Words | 3 Pages.

Principles of Communication in Adult Social Care Settings. Thesis Master? chances in the home. To share understadings to make a better understanding for yourself. Writers Com? 2.1 Ways to establish the communication and language . needs are meet and the wishes and preferences of an individual are just simply asking the person if they are able to communicate verbally in some cases the individual may have had a stroke so may not be able to do this so body language plays a big part if you work with a individual a lot you can read what there needs are just from the thesis and non thesis way they act. You should always. Body language , Communication , Individual 1433 Words | 4 Pages. elements according to your own culture can be dangerous the elements are apparent in attitudes toward personal space and in body . language . Poverty? Concept of personal space for example people in Canada and the united States stand about five feet apart during a business conversation.

Use of thesis master Body Language gestures of a culture clarify confusing messages, but differences in body language can be a major source of behavior of television misunderstanding during intercultural conversation. Thesis Thesis Master? For example, during our negotiations and we've. Anthropology , Body language , Communication 626 Words | 3 Pages. 2, 2008 11:00-12:50 Body language is said to thesis_hook_header account for over fifty percent of communication. If your mouth is saying . one thing while your body is saying another, people are most likely to believe what your body is telling them. Even though you are not aware of it, many people send and thesis receive non-verbal signals all the time, and it usually reflects a person’s true feelings. Body language has been used as a form of communication since there wasn’t a language made to be spoken, I took the. Paper Writers? Attention , Body language , Communication 769 Words | 2 Pages. arrangement of thesis thesis master our words. The nonverbal component refers to the message we send through our body language . The paraverbal . component refers to robert wipf dissertation how we say what we say - the tone, pacing and volume of our voices. In order to communicate effectively, we must use all three components to do two things: 1. Send clear, concise messages. 2. Hear and correctly understand messages someone is and non sending to us.

Our use of language has tremendous power in the type of atmosphere that is created at the problem-solving. Thesis About Effects? Body language , Communication , Hearing 1106 Words | 5 Pages. Individual Demonstrative Communication Paper. less obvious forms of and non thesis master demonstrative communication, these being nonverbal and unwritten. Demonstrative communication includes body . language , gesture, tone of writers com voice, and facial expression. Unwritten and unstated demonstrative communication makes up most of the thesis thesis messages we send. Demonstrative communication, nonverbal and anxiety unwritten Facial expression, tone of voice, body language and gestures are all nonverbal although tone of voice while audible, is heard but not verbally stated as the words of the thesis thesis master message. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1050 Words | 6 Pages. communication. Visual communication is last types of communication. What are your views of the English language ? In my view, English . Dissertation? language is a very important part of our lives.

I say this because English language is and non master international language of the world. Besides that, English language also is a main language we using to talking with foreigner due to anxiety globalization. Finally, we also can use the English language to communicate with different races in Malaysia other than Bahasa Malaysia. Now we go to discuss. Body language , Communication , Message 1843 Words | 6 Pages. Fundamentals of Effective Communication in the Workplace. communication helps team members build trust, respect, and accomplish goals together. We communicate by using verbal, written and body . language . Most of us probably think communication is done mainly through verbal or written. But according to Kelly McGowan, 55% of the communication comes from body language (McGowan, 2012). Body language includes facial expressions, eye contact, body gestures, and tone of voice. When I lived in Italy, I noticed the Italians like to use a lot of hand gestures when they.

Active listening , Body language , Communication 1176 Words | 6 Pages. generally defined as has having both verbal and nonverbal components. Verbal communication often refers to the words we use in communication; nonverbal . communication refers to communication that is produced by some means other than words (eye contact, body language , or vocal cues, for and non example) (Knapp and Hall, 2002). Communication is much more than verbal. Unfortunately, many people are of the opinion that communication is only oral or written verbal interaction. Verbal interaction accounts for only a small. Body language , Communication , Communication studies 2174 Words | 6 Pages. Non-verbal Communication – Actions vs. Words Verbal communication is very important in the business world, but it is often the non-verbal . language that accompanies the verbal communication that determines what is taken from the conversation.

A person may verbally confirm that they are fine with a situation, but their non-verbal communication ( body language ) may convey otherwise. Concept To Promotion is typically a very smooth running organization, there are very conflicts among the team members. Camus? Body language , Communication , Management 764 Words | 3 Pages. jelly comes from. In conducting this lesson I wanted to make sure that the thesis master language used was suitable for the age group and that the . information wasn’t too hard or too easy for the children. Homework? So I did my research and everything turned out okay. I think that the students had a lot of fun with the lesson because they interacted very well. And Non Thesis Master? The objective of essays my lesson was to teach the students how to use non verbal body language in the form of a dance in thesis and non master order to make up the sandwich.

Nonverbal “channels”. Body language , Communication , Nonverbal communication 1246 Words | 4 Pages. Nvq Advice Guidance Level 3 - Module Ag1 Knowledge Answers. | | . Verbal includes written and spoken communication and non-verbal includes body language , facial expressions and visual | |illustrations or pictures. . Body language , Communication , Environment 1549 Words | 6 Pages. Thesis_hook_header? Interpersonal Communications Summary Paper. Thesis Master? verbal communication and it can take many forms during its transmission, the process of nonverbal communication is accomplished through the sending and . receiving of wordless messages. Language studies traditionally emphasize verbal and essay written communication but dismiss the and non thesis master importance of the silent language . It comes in many forms, it can be a person’s clothing, strut, facial expression, gestures, eye contact and tone of voice. To thoroughly understand some nonverbal communication you must. Anger , Body language , Communication 2680 Words | 7 Pages. Thesis About Behavior? Nonverbal Communication Between Gendre. And Non Thesis Master? understood by paper writers com all (1). Nonverbal communication is considered to be a vital and powerful form of communication. People are very likely to trust your facial . expression more than your words.

Types of nonverbal communication are many such as: kinesics ( body language ), space (proxemics), facial expression, eye contact (oculesics), time (chronemics), touch (haptics), voice (paralanguage), and physical appearance. Thesis Master? Studies lately have shown that these types differ and vary, in addition to culture, between genders. Thesis_hook_header? Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1304 Words | 4 Pages. The Significant Principles of Management Communications. Rapier BUS 600: Management Communication with Technology Tools Instructor Cheryl Moore July 27, 2014 It’s been understood that “communication in . business involves a complex set of unwritten rules governing speech, written correspondence and body language that varies in different parts of the world” (Ingram, 2014). Communication is the essential component of business, “from the entry-level manager to the seasoned venture capitalist, can benefit from paying attention to communication etiquette in. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 2466 Words | 12 Pages. demonstrative communication, especially with all the technology that plays such a large part in our daily lives, which make communicating much quicker and . Master? easier. There are a several ways that we communicate demonstratively such as: facial expressions, body language , tone of voice, materialistic features or items/something that is meant to anxiety be perceived with high stature (a house, clothing, furniture, vehicles, neighborhood, etc.), the use of touch, and the list goes on. Each of these are examples of and non a characteristic.

Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1864 Words | 5 Pages. than a phone call to meet the potential needs of the family and thesis_hook_header the employees . Thesis? For the family, it is important for the company to send a representative to . the home of the family member who was involved that speaks the same language . This will help to avoid any potential language barriers. Poverty Leads To Crime? In the Chilean Copper Mine disaster, the company was able to set up videoconferences with family. Each member was given one minute to speak with their family. Letters was the main communication link between the. Body language , Communication , Facial expression 997 Words | 3 Pages. Thesis? Three Important Contents in Nonverbal Communication. nonverbal (Trompenaars, 1993).

That means in every face-to-face interaction we are sending more information to the other person than we thought and no-one is . fully in control about the to crime essays transmission (Mead, 2005). Nonverbal communication embraces all body language communication but also includes clothing and tones of voice, even the manner in thesis master time using (Williams 2006). Drory and homework Zaidman (2007) suggest that use nonverbal communication in order to: replace verbal communication where it may impossible to talk;. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1751 Words | 6 Pages. communicate verbal and nonverbal for example, a parent tells his child how proud he is to be his parent and then gives him a hug, the thesis and non master parent expresses verbal . communication by using positive words and applies nonverbal communication with a hug, body language . Individuals express verbal communication through oral or written skills. Verbal communication is the tone of thesis_hook_header voice that indicates how engaged the topic is and and non thesis master the ability to realize the poverty emotions perceived. A person’s tempo in thesis thesis master a conversation can. Body language , Communication , Cross-cultural communication 936 Words | 4 Pages.

Some Methods to Improve Communication Skills in thesis_hook_header Children. a story and have your child finish it. Nonverbal Communication Skills o Talk to your child about nonverbal communication. Discuss the . importance of posture and body language in and non master conversation. Remind a child about space perimeters between her and the listener. Practice different types of anxiety homework body language with the and non thesis master child so she can understand how they affect others' perception of her message. Use simple terms such as When you stand with your arms crossed, the listener might think you. Writers Com? Body language , Communication , Graphic communication 496 Words | 3 Pages. cja304 effective communication skills. notes taken from victim and suspects, etc. Nonverbal communication may include facial expressions.

Body language is one of the . biggest ways an thesis thesis officer can either help a person or victim or question a potential suspect to see if the anxiety homework person is avoiding the truth. Facial expressions or body language can be used to convey emotions when words are not present. In some cases reading a person’s body language can send the person the wrong message, even though the words are saying something completely different. Thesis And Non Master? A Great Way to anxiety Care , Body language , Canada – United States border 1856 Words | 5 Pages. And Non? DEMONTRATIVE COMMUNICATION PAPER Demonstrative communication is the nonverbal and unwritten communication that involves such things as facial expressions, . which is the most common, tone of voice, and body language . Demonstrative communication happens between people who are communicating to each other and this happens through a sender and receiver process for communication. When a person is the camus sender, they are generally the speaker, and that person is trying to convey a message to thesis master a receiver to. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 1004 Words | 3 Pages.

Why it is important to observe an individual's reactions when communicating with them. want to statement say. Thesis Master? I can do this by carefully observing a variety of reactions. Robert? Some adults and children are confident to thesis and non master express themselves verbally, but for thesis_hook_header some . I may only be able to gauge their response by observing their facial expressions, their body language or what they do not say. Thesis Thesis? It is therefore important that I develop the skills to ‘read’ children and adults by understanding their nonverbal as well as their verbal reactions. Observing reactions: some points to bear in mind: I will discover that. Body language , Communication , Eye contact 728 Words | 3 Pages. the University of California, Los Angeles.

He currently devotes his time to research, writing, and consulting as Professor Emeritus of Psychology, UCLA. . Mehrabian's work featured strongly (mid-late 1900s) in poverty to crime establishing early understanding of body language and non-verbal communications. Aside from his many and thesis master various other fascinating works, Mehrabian's research provided the basis for the widely quoted and often much over-simplified statistic for the effectiveness of spoken communications. Here. Albert Mehrabian , Body language , Communication 1848 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Camus? Q.1 Describe Any Situation in Your Experience Where the Communication Went Wrong. Thesis And Non Master? Analyze the Situation by Pointing Out the Type of Barrier to Communication and Suggest How to Overcome This Barrier.[10 Marks]. Cultural Barriers –When the sender of the message uses a language that the essays receiver does not understand, the communication will not succeed. . Either the sender may be using a different or foreign language , or the thesis master language used may be too highly technical for the receiver to understand. Linguistic barriers may also occur in robert dissertation cross-cultural advertising and distort the thesis master communication, when translating campaigns or slogans literally from one language to anxiety another. For example, Pepsi’s slogan “Come Alive with. Body language , Channel , Communication 1056 Words | 3 Pages. Report on the Analysis of Ineffective Communication in the Workplace. way we feel about ourselves in relation to other people.

These are referred to as the four life positions and consist of “I’m not OK, You’re OK”, “I’m not . OK, You’re not OK”, “I’m OK, You’re not OK” and “I’m OK, You’re OK” (see appendix 4). Thesis And Non? Body language is poverty to crime essays another method used to communicate and can assist when deciphering an underlying message that someone is thesis and non master trying to purvey. According to Pivcevic, “it is commonly agreed that 80 per cent of communication is homework non-verbal” (Mullins, L.J, 2010, pp. Body language , Communication , Id, ego, and super-ego 1667 Words | 5 Pages. not to thesis and non master communicate, even by doing or saying nothing, they are making a point. Effective communication is anxiety complicated; the message may be unclear due to . 'interference', mixed messages, or behaviors. It may be blocked due to thesis thesis poor listening skills, language , or cultural barriers. Practicing effective communication developing and refining communication skills helps everyone in robert dissertation both professional and personal relationships.

All people could understand and thesis master improve their situations, by 'mastering their interpersonal. Body language , Communication , Interpersonal communication 2226 Words | 7 Pages.

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Pretty Woman et le complexe de Cendrillon. Posted by master Julie G. Anxiety. 1423 days ago. En psychologie, le « complexe de Cendrillon » designe un desir inconscient eprouve par les femmes d’etre prises en charge, le plus souvent par leur partenaire masculin. Thesis Master. Cette theorie est developpee pour la premiere fois par Colette Dawling dans son livre intitule Le Complexe de Cendrillon . Anxiety Homework. Le « complexe de Cendrillon » est problematique car il est le resultat direct d’une societe patriarcale qui pousse les femmes a se mettre en position d’attente, telle Cendrillon attendant son prince Charmant, plutot que d’etre independantes et de prendre le controle de leur vie. Le « complexe de Cendrillon » trouve principalement son origine dans l’education « differenciee » que recoivent les filles et les garcons. Thesis And Non Thesis. En effet, les garcons sont eduques pour l’action et les filles pour l’attente. Poverty To Crime Essays. De plus, les femmes sont eduquees pour etre dependantes des hommes, tant dans les modeles de fiction (les damoiselles en detresse sauvees par les heros virils et puissants) que dans les injonctions quotidiennes des medias (sois belle pour trouver un homme, ne te promene pas toute seule la nuit, tes enfants avant ta carriere). Thesis. Le fait de creer ainsi de toute piece une dependance des femmes envers les hommes est l’une des bases du systeme patriarcal qui maintient la domination masculine sur les femmes.

Ce complexe est entretenu tout au long de la vie par les medias comme la television, les magazines feminins, le cinema et la litterature, et notamment par des ?uvres creees par des femmes pour des femmes telles que Twilight (que j’ai deja analyse ailleurs sur le site) ou le roman erotique qui s’en est directement inspire, 50 Shades of essays, Grey . And Non. Dans ces deux ouvrages (et films pour Twilight ), l’homme prend le controle sur sa partenaire feminine (qui adore ca). Robert. Il est effrayant de constater que l’on peut qualifier Edward Cullen et Christian Grey de « harceleurs », et pis encore que leur comportement est plebiscite non seulement par leurs heroines mais surtout par des milliers de femmes a travers le monde. And Non Master. Les histoires de Cendrillon ou les femmes sont passives et les hommes actifs nous sont vendus comme des fantasmes apportant le bonheur a l’une comme a l’autre des deux parties. Thesis About Behavior. Le fait que ces ouvrages soient ecrits par des femmes et plebiscites par des femmes montre a quel point les normes heterosexistes et patriarcales ont ete bien integrees par les femmes elles-memes a force d’etre martelees a longueur de temps[1]. Dans cet article, j’aimerais revenir sur l’un des films qui exploite le plus le complexe de Cendrillon, Pretty Woman . Pretty Woman raconte l’histoire de Vivian (Julia Roberts), travailleuse du sexe sur Hollywood Boulevard, qui rencontre par hasard Edward, un riche businessman ayant des problemes sentimentaux. Thesis And Non Master. Tombe sous le charme de Vivian, Edward lui propose de l’accompagner pour le reste de la semaine. Au debut du film, le personnage de Vivian est tres clairement en galere, sa colocataire a utilise l’argent du pot commun pour acheter de la drogue et elle n’a plus de quoi payer le loyer. Com. Sa rencontre avec le personnage d’Edward lui permet d’etre a l’abri du besoin et d’evoluer dans un monde de luxe auquel elle n’aurait jamais eu acces sinon. And Non Thesis. Edward sort litteralement Vivian de la misere.

Elle devient donc financierement dependante de lui et les deux personnages finissent en couple a la fin du film, il est difficile d’envisager pour Vivian un autre avenir que celui de « femme de ». Comme la majorite des personnages de conte de fee, Cendrillon est principalement definie comme etant jolie (mais elle est aussi douce et soumise, des qualites « typiquement feminines »). Anxiety Homework. Pretty Woman reprend cette caracteristique en faisant du physique et du look de son personnage feminin principal l’un des elements cles du film. Master. Certes, la majorite des films sont aphrodistes[2] et les actrices sont generalement choisies pour leur physique avantageux, mais Pretty Woman (litteralement « Jolie Femme » en francais, ce qui annonce deja la couleur…) pousse le concept tres loin. Pour commencer le personnage de Vivian est hypersexualise. La premiere apparition de Vivian a l’ecran… … et la premiere apparition d’Edward. Le film profite du fait que Vivian soit une prostituee afin de l’objectifier sans complexe… Elle est utilisee comme « eye candy » pour le personnage d’Edward ainsi que pour le spectateur masculin qui se serait egare a aller voir une comedie romantique… En plus d’etre un procede violent envers les femmes, il s’agit egalement d’une forme de violence envers les prostituees, partant du principe que que comme elles vendent leur corps, le realisateur a le droit de les filmer comme il veut… Paradoxalement, alors que le film se positionne contre le travail du sexe, il utilise egalement le corps des femmes pour vendre… Mais soyons honnete avec le personnage de Vivian, ce n’est pas seulement un objet sexuel, non c’est aussi un portemanteau… Le film se delecte des longues sequences de shopping et d’essayage de Vivian, la filmant sous tous les angles et de preference decapitee. Vivian sous son meilleur jour…

Dans la scene d’introduction de Vivian et dans les scenes de shopping, le corps de Vivian est morcele, decoupe en morceaux. Stranger Camus. C’est un procede tres souvent inflige aux femmes dans cinema traditionnel comme dans la pornographie, qui permet de les reduire a l’etat d’objet dont l’homme peut disposer a volonte. And Non Thesis Master. La femme est litteralement « reduite » a ses seins, ses fesses ou son sexe. En plus d’etre morcelee et sexualisee, Vivian est un exemple typique de femme offerte au « male gaze »[3], c’est-a-dire les femmes dont le corps est perpetuellement offert au regard masculin, que ce soit celui d’Edward, celui des autres personnages (qui la reluquent allegrement) ou celui du spectateur. About Behavior Effects Of Television. Qu’elle soit sexualisee au debut du film ou elegante a la fin du film, Vivian est toujours offerte au regard masculin. Le probleme du « male gaze » n’est pas que les femmes suscitent du desir chez les hommes mais que la femme n’existe QUE dans le regard de l’homme, QUE par rapport a lui. Thesis And Non Master. De nouveau, la femme est dependante de l’homme, d’une maniere differente que lorsqu’elle est sauvee ou reduite au rang de menagere, mais non moins alienante. Robert Wipf Dissertation. En plus de subir des injonctions de la part de la societe afin de satisfaire le « male gaze » (sois belle, epile-toi, maquille-toi, mets-toi au regime…), les femmes sont depossedees de leur liberte et de leur independance. La difference d’age entre les deux acteurs (Richard Gere a 40 ans et Julia Roberts a 22 au moment de la sortie du film), corrobore cet etat de fait.

En effet, ce que l’on recherche chez une femme, ce n’est pas seulement la beaute mais aussi la jeunesse. And Non Master. Les ecarts d’age entre les acteurs, l’homme etant bien sur beaucoup plus age que sa partenaire, sont loin d’etre rares au cinema : Les ecarts d’age entre les protagonistes ne sont pas anodins, car ils naturalisent des rapports de domination : on thesis_hook_header attend d’un homme qu’il soit intelligent, riche, seduisant, puissant , et d’une femme qu’elle soit belle. Thesis And Non Thesis. On envoie donc un message doublement violent aux femmes : tout ce qu’on te demande c’est d’etre belle et si tu es vieille, tu n’es plus belle, et par consequent tu ne vaux rien. Plus problematique encore, Edward ne joue pas seulement le role de Prince Charmant qui vient sauver Vivian et la sortir de la misere, mais egalement le role de Pygmalion qui remodele Vivian a sa convenance. Thesis About Effects Of Television. Dans une des sequences emblematiques du film, Edward emmene Vivian sur Rodeo Drive (plus ou moins l’equivalent de l’avenue Montaigne a Los Angeles) pour qu’elle puisse acheter de nouveaux vetements. Thesis And Non. Si Vivian est comblee d’etre traitee comme une princesse auquel le personnel de la boutique fait d’innombrables courbettes (car c’est bien connu le plaisir ultime de la femme, c’est le shopping), le but d’Edward est de la rendre « presentable » afin qu’elle puisse l’accompagner aux differents evenements. Thesis_hook_header. Vivian fait beaucoup d’efforts (pas toujours recompenses) afin de correspondre aux standards du monde d’Edward, elle apprend a se tenir a table, a etre elegante, etc… Paradoxalement alors que c’est la spontaneite de Vivian qui seduit Edward au debut du film, il se sent oblige de la modeler afin qu’elle convienne aux standards du monde dans lequel il evolue. Ca oui poupee, ouais ouais. Toujours demander l’avis d’un homme, c’est important… Plus encore que l’acces a l’education et aux bonnes manieres, Edward offre a Vivian l’acces a la culture en l’emmenant a l’Opera pour la premiere fois de sa vie. Thesis Master. L’emotion de Vivian a l’ecoute de la Traviata semble suggerer que tout le monde peut apprecier la grande musique et pas seulement les gens « eduques », ce qui est vrai en un sens.

Ce qui est problematique, c’est que le film semble oublier que l’appreciation de la culture est egalement liee a notre education et a notre milieu social, et que les inegalites sociales se refletent enormement dans l’acces a l’art et a la culture. Robert Wipf. De surcroit, on thesis and non se retrouve typiquement dans le schema de l’homme qui impressionne la femme et lui fait decouvrir le monde (que l’on pourrait appeler le schema « Ce Reve Bleu », decrit dans l’article sur Aladdin ). A la fin du film, tout ce que possede Vivian de valorise par le film (ses vetements et son elegance, ses bonnes manieres, son embryon de culture), elle le doit a Edward. La relation entre Vivian et Edward est biaisee car Vivian est, tout au long du film, redevable a Edward. Statement Behavior Effects. Au depart, leur accord est professionnel et monetaire, Vivian doit donc se montrer « disponible » pour des rapports sexuels. And Non Master. Puis au fur et a mesure qu’Edward l’initie a « la grande vie », Vivian se retrouve dans une situation de reconnaissance envers Edward.

Lorsque Vivian tente d’aller seule acheter des vetements, elle est violemment rabaissee par les employees de la boutique qui pensent qu’elle n’a pas les moyens d’acheter dans le magasin. En tant que personne issue d’un milieu modeste, elle a besoin de l’aide du directeur de l’hotel, puis de celle d’Edward afin de s’acheter des vetements chics. Thesis_hook_header. C’est lorsque qu’Edward penetre dans le magasin en promettant de depenser des sommes d’argent « indecentes » que Vivian est traitee comme une princesse. Thesis And Non Thesis Master. Dans une scene tres representative, on leads essays voit un vendeur obsequieux s’approcher d’Edward qui designe Vivian en repondant laconiquement : « Pas moi, elle ». T’inquiete pas cherie, l’HOMME RICHE va s’occuper de tout…

Vivian ne doit donc le respect qui lui est temoigne qu’a la seule presence d’Edward et a son argent. And Non Master. L’argent est donc, du moins pour Vivian, le seul moyen d’obtenir le respect et la dignite. Anxiety Homework. C’est habillee de ses nouveaux vetements chics et chers que Vivian vient se venger des vendeuses qui l’avaient humiliee la veille. Lorsqu’Edward revele a son associe qui est reellement Vivian, celle-ci est fortement contrariee et s’emporte des leur retour a l’hotel. And Non. De la meme facon, Vivian est contrariee lorsqu’Edward lui propose de l’installer dans un appartement et, a demi-mots, de l’entretenir… Vivian est donc blessee des qu’on la ramene a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe, son estime d’elle-meme est donc basee sur le comportement des gens, qui est lui-meme base sur un mensonge (Edward ne dit a personne que Vivian est une travailleuse du sexe et qu’elle est payee pour rester avec lui une semaine)… Le film ne questionne que tres peu ce manque d’estime d’elle-meme qu’a Vivian, d’autant qu’au debut elle semble s’assumer entierement, allant jusqu’a provoquer le couple qu’elle croise dans l’ascenseur. Paper Com. Comme si le film tentait de nous dire qu’en plus de la sauver d’une condition sociale miserable, l’HOMME RICHE va egalement sauver la femme de sa condition honteuse en lui apportant le respect sur un plateau (celui des autres et celui qu’elle a pour elle-meme…). A aucun moment le film ne questionne reellement l’attitude de mepris envers les prostituees. And Non Thesis Master. Pour Vivian la seule possibilite d’echapper a ce mepris est d’echapper a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe (grace a l’Homme Riche). Homework. Plutot que d’affronter la problematique de la condition des prostituees ou d’expliquer d’ou elle vient, le film prefere regler le probleme grace au sauvetage par l’Homme Riche. En montrant Vivian avoir honte de son travail et de sa condition le film reconduit implicitement l’idee que les travailleur-euses du sexe sont meprisables.

Je ne sais pas ce qui est plus derangeant, que dans ce film le respect temoigne a Vivian soit entierement lie a l’argent ou qu’il ne depende que d’un homme… Le film tente de mettre en parallele la souffrance de Vivian et celle d’Edward. Etre riche et puissant c’est un tel poids dans la vie… De la meme maniere que le film montre Edward et Vivian comme souffrant de la meme condition (faire un travail qui leur oblige a mettre de cote leurs sentiments et a privilegier la dimension financiere), il les montre aussi comme se sauvant mutuellement : En mettant en parallele les souffrances d’Edward et Vivian, le film presente une double imposture : -Il fait croire que les exploiteurs souffrent autant que les exploites. -Il pretend que la relation entre Vivian et Edward et symetrique et egalitaire. Tout au long du film, Edward est presente comme un homme qui souffre, il est quitte par sa fiancee au debut du film et se sent terriblement coupable d’etre un salaud qui exploite les gens… et qui, au fond, souffre autant que Vivian. And Non. Sauf que justement Vivian et Edward ne souffrent pas de la meme facon : elle souffre parce qu’elle n’a pas d’argent et doit exercer un metier qu’elle deteste tandis que lui souffre car il est un exploiteur et ne supporte plus son metier. Essay. Excepte qu’ Edward a parfaitement la possibilite de changer de travail et de cesser « de baiser les gens pour de l’argent », Vivian n’a pas cette possibilite la. Master. Faire croire que les exploiteurs sont au fond des victimes qui souffrent de leur position de dominants est un discours scandaleux, car les exploiteurs ont parfaitement le choix de changer de situation.Ce genre de discours tend egalement a faire passer au second plan et donc a invisibiliser tous les benefices qu’ils tirent de la domination qu’ils exercent, et donc aussi a invisibiser toute la souffrance dont ils sont responsables chez celleux qu’ils dominent. Writers. Vivian ne produit pas de souffrance, elle n’exploite personne, contrairement a Edward qui en plus tente de se faire plaindre.

Le film tente de nous faire croire que la relation entre Vivian et Edward est reciproque et egalitaire, ce qui n’est pas le cas. Thesis Master. Deja car ce que chacun apporte dans la relation est defini par des stereotypes sexistes : l’homme amene l’argent, la dignite, la culture tandis que la femme amene le sexe, les sentiments et le « care ». Essay Stranger Camus. De plus les scenes qui montre Edward donner a Vivian sont beaucoup plus nombreuses que les scenes montrant l’inverse. Thesis And Non Thesis. Enfin, c’est elle qui est dependante de lui, financierement et socialement. Cette souffrance du dominant est egalement exprimee dans la relation entre Edward et James Morse, le proprietaire de la compagnie qu’Edward veut demanteler. Anxiety Homework. Edward exprime tres clairement qu’il a souffert a cause de son pere et que c’est en partie le desir de vengeance qui l’a pousse a choisir cette carriere (la troisieme societe qu’il a demantelee etait celle de son pere). And Non Thesis. Il trouve en Morse une figure paternelle bienveillante qui l’aide a sortir de cette affreuse souffrance de dominant qui l’oblige a demonter des compagnies de gens qu’il apprecie. Paper Writers. On notera que c’est bien sa sympathie pour Morse qui le pousse a vouloir sauver la compagnie, les emplois de gens qui travaillent, pas grand-chose a faire… Une vision biaisee de la prostitution et de la sexualite. Les rapports sexuels entre Vivian et Edward donnent une image fausse et problematique de la prostitution. Thesis. Meme si Vivian confie dans une scene ses souffrances en rapport avec son metier, lors des scenes de sexe entre Vivian et Edward, celle-ci semble y prendre du plaisir. Paper Writers. Le film encourage donc l’idee relativement repandue dans l’imaginaire des hommes que les travailleur-euses du sexes (particulierement les femmes) prennent du plaisir dans leurs rapports professionnels.

Cette representation est problematique car, que l’on soit ou non contre le travail du sexe[4], celle-ci reste une activite professionnelle, dans la plupart des cas (et c’est le cas dans le film) pratiquee par obligation en l’absence de toute autre ressources, et ne doit pas etre « glamourisee ». Les relations sexuelles entre les personnages sont ambigues : au debut du film, Vivian explique a son nouveau client, Edward, qu’elle n’embrasse pas sur la bouche. Thesis. Regle que bien entendu, Edward tente de transgresser a la premiere occasion (cf. Dissertation. la scene du piano) en tentant d’embrasser Vivian, ce qu’elle refuse. And Non. Lors de la sequence, ils sont donc a priori encore dans un rapport professionnel, pourtant le film traite visuellement les rapports sexuels tarifes comme de veritables scenes d’amour. Poverty To Crime Essays. Vivian semble meme prendre du plaisir a s’offrir a Edward, on and non thesis master retrouve ici subrepticement instille le cliche qui veut que les travailleuses du sexe (j’utilise le feminin car ce cliche s’applique principalement aux personnes assignees femmes) prennent systematiquement du plaisir lorsque le client est « doue ». Etrangement, l’esthetique de la scene est exactement la meme que pour les scenes d’amour, alors que le film met tres clairement en scene « un turning point » lorsque Vivian embrasse Edward et lui avoue son amour, leur relation passe alors du « professionnel ambigu » au personnel. Meme lorsqu’elle bascule dans le personnel, la relation entre Edward et Vivian n’est jamais entierement deconnectee du travail du sexe, Vivian restant toujours dependante d’Edward au niveau financier et Edward jouant de son argent pour couvrir Vivian de cadeaux et l’impressionner…Il y a aussi la celebre replique a la fin qui va totalement dans ce sens, quand le majordome dit a Edward qui rend le collier : « Ce doit etre difficile de se separer de quelque chose d’aussi beau ». Homework. Vivian est ainsi clairement comparee a un objet, certes un objet precieux mais un objet tout de meme, qu’Edward possede. La prostitution… un metier fabuleux, quelle joie d’etre soumise a un homme. L’idee est bien evidemment problematique car elle denie aux femmes le droit et la possibilite de prendre du pouvoir sur leur propre sexualite.

Ce genre de representations ultra-repandues au cinema, qui montrent les femmes prendre automatiquement plaisir dans des relations sexuelles entierement controlees par des hommes est problematique car elle entraine l’idee qu’une femme ne peut prendre du plaisir que dans une relation sexuelle entierement controlee par un homme et par consequent empeche les femmes de chercher a devenir les maitresses de leur plaisir et de leur sexualite ». And Non. Cette idee est malheureusement de plus en plus developpee dans les medias. Writers. On peut notamment penser a l’heroine de 50 shades of thesis thesis master, Grey qui attend l’homme qui la revele a sa propre sensualite et sexualite. La sexualite est donc entierement controlee par les hommes et tres souvent phallocentree (Vivian fait au debut une fellation a Edward, puis lorsqu’ils « font l’amour » c’est avec l’inevitable penetration). To Crime Essays. Cette representation phallocentre du sexe est tres presente dans les medias (par exemple les supplements sexes des magazines feminins ne proposent que des positions de penetration). Pour aller plus loin sur la question de l’inevitable penetration : Comparaison avec Maid in thesis, Manhattan , une autre histoire de Cendrillon. Maid in leads to crime essays, Manhattan ( Coup de foudre a Manhattan ) est lui aussi une histoire de Cendrillon, avec deux personnes diametralement opposees dans le systeme social qui tombent amoureuses l’une de l’autre.

Marisa Ventura est femme de chambre dans un luxueux hotel new-yorkais. Master. Un jour, poussee par sa collegue et amie, elle essaye pour s’amuser la tenue luxueuse d’une cliente de l’hotel et croise par hasard Chris Marshall, candidat au senat. Robert Dissertation. Apres une journee passee ensemble, celui-ci est persuade que Marisa fait partie de la haute societe new-yorkaise et cherche a la revoir tandis qu’elle doit absolument l’eviter si elle ne veut pas perdre son travail. Maid in and non master, Manhattan reprend exactement le meme type de scenario que Pretty Woman , ou une femme dans une position peu enviable tombe amoureuse d’un homme puissant. Paradoxalement, Maid in homework, Manhattan se rapproche plus du conte original (on retrouve le Bal, le malentendu, la quete de l’inconnue, les mechantes s?urs, la bonne fee, etc…) mais est beaucoup moins nauseabond politiquement. Pour commencer, Marisa est beaucoup moins desesperee que Vivian. Thesis Thesis Master. En effet si son travail n’est pas epanouissant, celle-ci a l’ambition de devenir manager dans l’hotel ou elle travaille. Essay Camus. Cette ambition sera conservee tout au long du film et meme atteinte dans l’epilogue.

Ce n’est pas parce que tu as rencontre le prince charmant, que tu dois renoncer a tes ambitions… Alors qu’on voit clairement le personnage de Vivian se transformer pour correspondre aux attentes d’Edward. Thesis And Non. Marisa reste entiere tout au long du film, n’hesitant pas a defendre ses valeurs et a donner des opinions bien tranchees. De plus la relation entre Chris et Marisa n’est pas principalement monetaire, si Marisa se retrouve a porter de luxueux vetements a deux reprises dans le film, ceux-ci sont « empruntes » a une cliente de l’hotel et non pas fournis par son « prince charmant ». Wipf. De meme les activites qu’ils font ensemble (promener le chien, aller au zoo) ne sont pas des activites « de luxe », on thesis and non peut donc voir que Marisa apprecie Chris pour sa compagnie et non pas pour les avantages qu’il lui apporte. Si Maid in thesis_hook_header, Manhattan est beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , le film n’evite pas certains poncifs, notamment avec le personnage de Caroline Lane. Thesis Master. Elle est, avec son amie Rachel, l’equivalent des deux mechantes s?urs de Cendrillon dans le conte.

Les deux mechantes « s?urs » au meilleur de leur forme… Caroline est une riche mondaine sortant d’une rupture qui s’est mis en tete de seduire Chris Marshall, son personnage est la caricature typique de l’hysterique, a la fois dans sa gestion de la rupture et dans ses tentatives pour seduire Chris Marshall. Writers Com. Car au cinema une femme prenant l’initiative de seduire un homme est le plus souvent soit une femme fatale, soit une hysterique desesperee. Thesis. De plus, Caroline devient la mechante de l’histoire car c’est elle qui denonce Marisa par pure rivalite feminine. Le film est egalement problematique car si Chris ne « sauve » pas Marisa, il remplit cependant un manque dans sa vie, en devenant un pere de substitution pour son fils, on thesis_hook_header retrouve ainsi la fameuse famille « normale » si chere aux medias… La famille parfaite…

Bien qu’il reste beaucoup plus fidele au conte original (c’est d’ailleurs cette fidelite qui lui confere des elements sexistes comme les deux mechantes s?urs), Maid in thesis thesis, Manhattan reste neanmoins beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , principalement grace a un personnage feminin fort et intransigeant et a une relation beaucoup moins basee sur l’argent. Thesis_hook_header. Le film valorise egalement l’empowerment des femmes au travers de leur carriere professionnelle. Thesis And Non Master. Il est donc possible d’adapter un conte de fee d’une facon qui ne soit pas atrocement sexiste. La damoiselle en detresse, ennemie de l’independance des femmes. L’histoire de type Cendrillon n’est au fond pas autre chose qu’une derive du schema de la damoiselle en detresse, qui est l’un des schemas que l’on retrouve excessivement souvent dans les ?uvres de fiction et qui s’adresse aux hommes comme aux femmes. Essay Stranger Camus. On retrouve ce schema dans quasiment toutes les cultures patriarcales et a quasiment toutes les epoques. Thesis And Non Thesis Master. On peut considerer qu’il s’agit que l’un des elements fondateurs de notre societe patriarcale. Le trope de la damoiselle en detresse enseigne aux femmes que plutot de se sortir d’une situation elles-memes, il faut attendre l’aide d’un homme. Statement Behavior. Plutot que de prendre leur vie en main, les femmes sont donc maintenues dans la dependance des hommes. Que ce soit sous forme de conte de fee, de film ou de livre, les histoires de Cendrillon, et par extension de damoiselle en detresse, sont problematiques car elles faconnent nos fantasmes, nos desirs, nos attentes et nos relations avec l’autre sexe.

Ces tropes ont un double effet pervers : maintenir les femmes dans la passivite et imposer des normes quasi-inaccessibles aux hommes. En effet ceux-ci doivent absolument faire preuve de puissance, de richesse et de pouvoir afin d’etre desirables. Thesis. Les hommes subissent egalement la pression patriarcale, et plus encore ceux qui ne correspondent pas aux cliches traditionnels de la virilite : les homosexuels (meme s’ils ont des comportements « virils », la societe les considere souvent comme des « peu masculins »), les hommes voulant exercer un metier traditionnellement reserves aux femmes, les hommes dit « sensibles ». Homework. Les hommes souffrant de la pression patriarcale ont d’ailleurs tout interet a deconstruire le genre comme les feministes le font plutot que de rejoindre les rangs des masculinistes… Les femmes sont tout de meme les premieres victimes des injonctions patriarcales venant des tropes de damoiselle en detresse et des contes de fee qui non seulement les privent de toute forme de pouvoir, mais leur font en plus croire que cette absence de pouvoir et cette soumission a l’homme sont la cle d’un reel bonheur qui repond aux « aspirations naturelles » de « lafame »[5]. Edit : Suite au commentaire d’une personne concernee, j’ai modifie le terme « Prostitue-e » par le terme « Travailleur-euse du sexe », j’ai egalement modifie quelques formulations qui me paraissaient problematiques. Thesis Thesis Master. Le sens de l’article n’a pas ete modifie.

[2] L’aphrodisme est le systeme de domination consistant a valoriser dans une societe donnee les individus correspondant aux normes de beaute physique de cette societe, tout en devalorisant ceux/celles qui n’y correspondent pas. Thesis About Of Television. L’aphrodisme est analogue a d’autres systemes de domination comme le sexisme ou le racisme en tant que, comme eux, il construit socialement une inegalite a partir d’une difference physique qu’il a arbitrairement posee comme significative, voire essentielle. Thesis And Non Thesis. Cf : L’article de Paul Rigouste : [4] A titre personnel, je suis anti-abolitionniste : [5] Oui, lafame, vous savez, cet eternel feminin qu’on trouve beaucoup dans les medias et si peu dans la realite… Merci Julie pour cette analyse. J’ai deux reactions apres cette lecture. 1- Pourquoi ce film a-t-il fait un tel succes lors de sa sortie au cinema ? Pourquoi reste t il culte a ce jour ? Il serait interessant, au dela de l’analyse du film, de comprendre les raisons du succes.

Comment un film avec autant de debilite puisse etre accepter par le public… C’est peut etre de la sociologie… Je ne sais pas… 2- Je penses a James Cameron. Les heroines de ce realisateur sont tout l’inverse de Vivian. Je pense notamment au Lieutenant Ellen Ripley ou Sarah Connor qui toutes deux evoluent dans des mondes tres masculins. Une petite analyse de ce type de film serait un bon contre exemple a Pretty Woman… Pour la petite histoire, Richard Gere a declare depuis que de tous les films dans lesquels il a tourne, « Pretty Woman » est celui qu’il apprecie le moins. Poverty Leads Essays. Il le trouve stupide. C’est vrai que c’est troublant, cette facon de glorifier le complexe de Cendrillon… Bravo, Julie. Je pense qu’il faut s’interroger sur le succes des contes de fees donc les vieux Disney, Twilight, 50 shades of master, grey et les succes de Mommy Porn, Pretty woman ne sont que des variations…

Les contes de fee sont tres conservateurs (comme les mag feminins…) ils rassurent les gens, chacun sa place chacun son role… ca evite de se poser des questions et epargne l’effort de deconstruire. Meme si Cameron a realise Aliens (le deuxieme opus de la saga, donc), le premier film nous vient de Ridley Scott. Essays. Il est interessant de noter que, dans le script original, Ripley etait un homme, et c’est d’ailleurs le cas de nombreux « strong female characters » du cinema hollywoodiens. Thesis. Je n’ai pas d’autres exemples en tete, mais j’etais deja tombe sur une liste mettant ce fait en avant, il est assez curieux de noter que malgre l’existence de personnages dont ils pourraient s’inspirer les scenaristes ont plus de facilites a creer et developper un personnage feminin interessant en modifiant un script ou il s’agissait originellement d’un homme qu’en travaillant des le depart sur une femme. Tres interessant Skratsch, je ne savais pas. Sujet a approfondir #128521; il y a egalement Jodie foster dans flight Plan si je me souviens bien… Je vais essayer de faire quelques recherches.

Ca me semble particulierement logique dans la mesure ou, dans notre culture, et, pour nous francophones, jusque dans notre langue (ou le genre grammatical « masculin » occupe aussi les fonctions occupees par le « neutre » dans les langues qui en ont), le masculin est a la fois une caracterisation et une non-caracterisation. Essay Stranger. L’Homme (avec un grand H) est, par defaut, le plus souvent represente par UN homme, tout simplement parce qu’il n’existe pas vraiment dans notre semantique de representation d’un humain neutre (sinon comme un homme glabre a l’entrejambe non-detaille, cf. Thesis And Non Master. la statuaire) ; au contraire, le feminin est toujours pense comme une caracteristique (en terme de silhouette par exemple, c’est de la silhouette feminine qu’on dit qu’elle « a des formes »). Quand un auteur donc commence a creer une nouvelle oeuvre, il peut partir d’un personnage pleinement caracterise (s’il pense a quelqu’un de son entourage par exemple), mais dans le cas contraire, par defaut, il aura tendance a ecrire « il », pour « le heros » – sans que cela veuille forcement dire qu’il pense a un heros expressement masculin, avec tous les attributs « virils » que ca implique generalement (ou, au contraire, avec la critique de cette conception de la virilite). A mon sens le probleme reside donc plus dans cet amalgame entre le masculin et le neutre / l’universel, que dans une reelle volonte de vouloir mettre du masculin partout au nom du patriarcat (qui est deja suffisamment fort pour ne pas avoir besoin de tels procedes). Thesis_hook_header. Meme si dans les consequences, ca importe peu, le resultat est le meme : les femmes sont bien moins visibles sur nos ecrans, les hommes occupant autant les roles « virils » que les roles « neutres », alors que les femmes sont le plus souvent reduites aux « love interests »… Que penses tu de ce court metrage dans lequel la prostitution est presentee reellement comme un metier comme les autres : Alors, l’image est moche, les acteurs sont mauvais, les dialogues sont pas credibles… je vous renvoie a l’article de Melange Instable qui est une prostituee qui est a mon avis l’auteure la plus juste sur la prostitution qu’elle decrit comme eprouvante, douloureuse mais egalement comme un choix et comme un moyen de survie : Ses autres textes sont egalement passionnants si la question de la prostitution vous interesse. je viens de lire le texte.

Je voulais reagir sur le blog mais apparemment ca ne fonctionne pas… Il faut etre enregistre ou chez pas quoi… Bref, tres interessant. Bon, faut dire qu’en voyant la video, j’ai eu la reaction de base : mal a l’aise, degout… Mais c’est interessant de lire un point de vue qui va dans le sens contraire. Je suis entierement d’accord avec elle au sujet des abribus… Mais bon, le jour ou les abribus afficheront des messages interessants ou digne d’interet… tu m’appelles. Et sinon, c’est quoi LGBT-phobe ? C’est la compilation de Homophobe (rejet de l’homosexualite), Biphobe (rejet de la bisexualite) et transphobe (rejet de la transexualite). bref tout ce sors du schema hetero…

LGBT= Lesbienne Gay Bi Trans. Euuuuuh… il n’y a pas que melange instable. Thesis And Non Master. Tres loin de la. Writers. Et merci de parler de travail du sexe. And Non Master. C’est assez revoltant de lire toutes les 3 lignes « prostituee/prostitution ». Article interessant, merci d’avoir pointe du doigt a quel point ce film peut contenir des messages nauseabonds et etre bien plus qu’une comedie romantique nunuche mais inoffensive. Je m’interrogeais cependant sur la partie sur les scenes d’essayage ou Julia Roberts apparait decapitee et reduite a des parties du corps. Essays. Je ne cherche pas a nier l’existence du male gaze, qui est un probleme bien reel et omnipresent dans les medias, mais le film ciblant theoriquement un public feminin je me demandais si ces scenes n’avaient pas egalement pour but de « vendre » une image de la femme a ce meme public afin qu’il s’y conforme.

En effet, le fait de cacher le visage de l’actrice peut encourager les spectatrices a vouloir s’identifier a elle et envier sa place, un peu comme dans les pubs ultravirilistes de Malboro. Thesis. Bien entendu toutes les femmes n’ont pas la carrure de Julia Roberts (heureusement d’ailleurs), mais le visage reste le meilleur moyen d’identifier une personne et le cacher peut donner l’illusion que n’importe qui pourrait etre a sa place, surtout dans la logique aphrodiste d’Hollywood. Cette idee est d’autant plus malsaine du fait que la personne a qui le public feminin est cense s’identifier est une prostituee, mais je pense que ma theorie est assez plausible si on leads to crime essays la met en relation avec le complexe de Cendrillon. Je n’avais pas vu cette interpretation de la scene, elle me parait tres juste… Effectivement, le fait de couper le visage de Julia permet a la spectatrice de s’identifier, on thesis thesis master joue effectivement sur le fantasme « shopping » des filles. on retrouve l’exploitation du « fantasme shopping » dans « Sex and camus, the city » (qui est pourtant BEAUCOUP moins retrograde), le deuxieme film m’avait tout particulierement choque pour ca…

Juste une remarque en plus : Julia Roberts a ete doublee pour les scenes dans lesquelles on thesis thesis ne voit que son corps, par Andrea Parker… Je suis d’accord avec tout ton article Julie Garnier! Tres bon article, comme la plupart sur ce site d’ailleurs! Le patriarcat, en effet, n’est pas seulement oppressif envers les femmes, mais aussi les hommes, ceux qui ne sont pas super virils et se la jouent pas Rambo, pour caricaturer. Wipf. Etant un jeune homme, je trouve ca super chiant.

D’autant plus que la ou la societe dit aux femmes que pour feminine faut « etre belle, jeune et gentille », aux hommes pour etre masculin on thesis and non thesis dit « soyez entreprenant, actif, conquerant, puissant, intelligent, surtout pas sensible, autonome financierement, soyez leader dans votre couple avec votre femme » etc… C’est pour ca que je prefere le terme de viriarcat a celui de patriarcat. Essay. Pour reussir dans cette societe, etre viril marche mieux que d’etre un pere. C’est pas faux… Mais quand on and non thesis voit le ton paternaliste de certains, on homework comprend bien pourquoi « patriarcat »… Plus serieusement, le terme patriarcat renvoie a l’idee du pere comme chef de famille, le chef comme pere de la nation… donc le terme a sa justification meme si elle est moins valide dans nos societes modernes comme vous le faites remarquer… Je comprends bien, mais le terme me derange toujours un peu. Thesis. Je sais que ce n’est pas le but, mais il me donne toujours l’impression que ce qui est remis en cause c’est la notion meme de pere ayant un role dans la famille, et pas seulement le fait qu’il soit le dominant. Paper. Apres je sais qu’il y a sans doute une part de psychologie personnelle dans tout ca, mon pere n’a jamais ete le pere ideal et j’ai l’impression que le terme de « patriarcat » implique que fatalement tous les hommes sont de mauvais peres. Thesis And Non Thesis Master. Je sais que c’est un peu idiot, mais je me dis aussi que si je le ressens de cette facon d’autres personnes peuvent interpreter ce terme de la meme maniere a un niveau subconscient et donc reagir negativement pour une simple question de formulation. Par ailleurs, je trouve que le terme viriarcat rend mieux compte du fait que les rapports de domination qu’ils impliquent ne sont pas uniquement determines par l’age et le sexe biologique, mais aussi par le degre d’adhesion et d’expression d’une appartenance a un systeme de valeur genre.

C’est une formulation excessivement longue mais j’avais du mal a exprimer ca de maniere plus succincte. Je sens poindre comme une odeur de masculinisme dans votre commentaire :-). Anxiety Homework. En effet, ce discours de la plainte par lesquels des hommes rappellent que « eux aussi ils souffrent du patriarcat » est un grand classique masculiniste, qui a pour effet concret de faire oublier que « le patriarcat », c’est avant tout des hommes qui dominent des femmes. And Non Thesis. De plus, qu’ils soient des « Rambo » ou des geeks introvertis, TOUS les hommes tirent quotidiennement des benefices du fait qu’ils sont des hommes, qu’ils le veuillent ou non. Essay Stranger Camus. Pour ces raisons, mettre en avant les souffrances des hommes sous le patriarcat comme vous le faites est souvent un bon moyen pour les hommes de ne pas s’interroger sur leur place de dominant et les privileges qu’ils en retirent, et sur l’oppression subie par les femmes (qui n’a absolument aucune commune mesure avec « celle des hommes »). Thesis Master. Du moins c’est mon avis. Thesis_hook_header. Je vais un peu vite la par manque de temps, mais est-ce que vous voyez a peu pres ce que je veux dire ? Est-ce que vous comprenez les dangers d’un tel discours ? PS : Si cela vous interesse, il y a ici des brochures qui analyse le masculinisme : Thesis Thesis Master. J’ai aussi lu un bouquin pas mal sur le sujet : Boys don’t cry, Les couts de la domination masculine . Writers Com. Il y a a mon avis du bon et du moins bon dans ce livre. And Non Master. Certaines contributions me semblent en effet verser justement dans le masculinisme, mais il y en a d’autres qui sont passionnantes sur le sujet, comme celles de Francis Dupuis-Deri et celle de Michael Messner, que je trouve tres bien (l’intro du bouquin est bien aussi si je me souviens bien). C’est marrant, mais il y a toujours des mecs pour critiquer le vocabulaire des feministes.

Je me demande si ca peut etre le signe de quelque chose… #128521; Ce n’est pas moi qui ai invente le terme de viriarcat, je l’ai trouve par-ci par-la utilise par L’elfe sur son blog « Les questions composent », qui parle de feminisme, de veganisme, de droits de l’enfant, de biologie et de fruits. Dissertation. Je ne suis pas sur de l’utiliser dans son sens premier, mais je suis a peu pres certain qu’il n’a pas ete invente par des masculinistes qui cherchaient a se faire plaindre. Apres je ne pense pas avoir le recul intellectuel necessaire pour veritablement faire une critique du vocabulaire feministe, qui a une longue histoire assez complexe pour le peu que j’ai pu en voir, c’est surtout une question de ressenti personnel et ca a plus a voir avec l’emotion que la raison. Thesis Thesis. Apres si vraiment mes choix de vocabulaires vous paraissent choquants pour une raison autre que sa non-conformite au vocabulaire feministe historiquement etabli et consensuel, je veux bien vous ecouter et peut-etre ne plus y avoir recours, mais du moment que je ne fais qu’exposer mon ressenti sans demander a quiconque de le partager et d’y adherer, j’ai du mal a comprendre le probleme. Excusez-moi pour le ton taquin de mon commentaire, j’aurais mieux fait d’expliquer plus directement ce que je voulais dire. Thesis_hook_header. Apres je n’ai pas non plus une idee tranchee sur le sujet, mais ca me titillait juste un petit peu.

Deja, je me mefie un peu des gens (et surtout des mecs) qui remettent en question le vocabulaire des feministes. Thesis And Non Thesis Master. Rien que la posture me semble suspecte : le fait de dire aux femmes que le langage par lequel elles choisissent de dire l’oppression qu’elles subissent n’est pas le bon, et que l’homme va leur dire quels mots utiliser. Poverty To Crime. Je ne dis pas du tout que c’est l’esprit de votre message, mais je pousse la logique a l’extreme pour essayer de mettre en evidence la signification possible d’une telle posture. L’exemple qui me vient a l’esprit lorsque je dis un truc comme ca est l’incontournable « moi je n’aime pas le mot « feminisme » parce qu’il temoigne d’une volonte de domination d’un sexe sur un autre alors que moi je suis pour l’egalite » (que j’ai d’ailleurs encore entendu dans la bouche d’un mec pas plus tard que la semaine derniere, et comme par hasard, le mec en question s’adressait a des femmes qui se disaient feministes, pour leur expliquer evidemment qu’elles avaient tort de penser ce qu’elles pensent). Thesis And Non Thesis Master. Une des fonctions de cet « argument » me semble etre de diaboliser le feminisme en le ramenant a une volonte de domination des femmes sur les hommes.

Une fonction anti-feministe donc. Du coup je m’interroge par rapport a votre intervention sur le terme de « viriarcat » (je ne condamne pas du tout le mot en soi, mais je cherche juste a reflechir aux raisons de votre preference pour ce terme, et surtout aux effets de ce choix ici et maintenant). Thesis Statement About Of Television. Vous l’introduisez en disant etre d’accord avec ce qu’a dit Vagaboon juste au-dessus dans son commentaire, qui me semble lorgner un peu dangereusement vers le masculinisme (comme j’ai essaye de l’expliquer juste au-dessus). Master. Du coup je me dis qu’il y a peut-etre un peu la meme logique, a savoir de dire : oui les vrais dominants ce sont les hommes virils, pas moi. Anxiety Homework. En insistant sur la « virilite », le terme « viriarcat » peut peut-etre permettre a certains hommes de se dedouaner de toute participation a la domination masculine, en se posant meme comme des victimes de celle-ci aux cotes des femmes (« nous aussi nous souffrons des injonctions a etre des Rambo »). And Non Thesis. Encore une fois, je ne dis pas que c’est votre intention, mais je me dis juste que dans le cadre de cette discussion, ca peut etre un effet de ce discours. Dissertation. Est-ce que vous voyez ce que je veux dire ? Et encore une fois, je n’ai rien contre le mot « viriarcat » en soi, je m’interroge juste sur le sens qu’il y a dans un certain contexte et dans le cadre d’une certaine discussion, a dire qu’on le prefere au terme « patriarcat ». J’ai deja explique mes raisons plus haut, mes elles sont en partie affective ce qui peut-etre rend mon raisonnement biaise. Apres, le fait qu’il y ait des hommes qui ne trouvent pas leur place dans cette societe parce qu’ils ne repondent pas a l’injonction generale a etre viril, ca me semble etre indeniable. Thesis. Il n’y a qu’a voir, pour prendre un exemple extreme, comment sont traites les trans.

Je ne dis pas que la souffrance et le sentiment d’exclusion d’un homme blanc cis hetero qui ne correspond pas a l’ideal viriliste est comparable a celle des femmes, qui doivent vivre dans une culture du viol (qui est avant tout une culture du viol des femmes, je pense que la-dessus nous serons bien d’accord), ou a celle des homos et trans, qui se voient regulierement remis en question jusqu’a la legitimite de leur existence en temps que personnes. Statement About Behavior. Simplement, ca ne me semble pas masculiniste de dire que ce rapport de domination est present, et que dans une societe feministe et, par consequent, egalitaire, il n’aurait pas lieu d’etre. Je ne pretendrais jamais que je me suis totalement debarrasse de tous les prejuges et idees preconcues sur les questions de sexe, de genre, d’orientation sexuelle, d’origine ethnique ou de convictions religieuses que j’ai assimile et que je pourrais reproduire de maniere inconsciente, ni que ce que je vis est comparable a ce que vivent d’autres personnes bien plus victimes que moi de cette societe. Thesis And Non Thesis. Ceci-dit reconnaitre que mon manque de virilite est socialement devalorise et m’assumer comme tel plutot que de chercher a me conformer a un ideal qui n’est pas le mien, ca ne me semble pas etre masculiniste. Thesis_hook_header. D’autant plus que, a ce qu’il me semble, une societe feministe et non essentialiste aurait notamment pour consequence de resoudre mon probleme par effet de ricochet. Par ailleurs, je ne remets pas en cause le terme meme de feminisme. Thesis Master. Il y a eu une epoque ou il me posait effectivement probleme, mais j’ai trouve un article sur le blog Genre! qui expliquait ses origines et sa denotation, et je ne peux depuis qu’y adherer. Thesis_hook_header. Quand bien meme un autre terme devrait lui etre substitue, ce changement ne devrait pas etre initie par des hommes. On est d’accord. And Non Thesis. Je cherchais juste la petite bete… Non pas juste pour vous embeter vous en particulier, mais aussi pour reflechir moi a ce genre de questions, sur lesquelles je n’ai pas d’idee arretee, mais auxquelles j’essaie de reflechir en tant que mec, pour eviter au maximum de reproduire des comportements ou discours masculinistes ou antifeministes. Thesis_hook_header. A bientot.

Y a pas de mal, je pense que c’est le genre de reflexions qui demandent sans cesse a etre reactualisees je pense. A bientot a vous aussi. Merci pour votre message. Thesis. C’est pas la premiere qu’on me dit que j’ai des propos masculinistes, la premiere fois j’ai pris ca a la rigolade, j’ai pense que c’etait un hasard ou une meprise, mais la, je prend conscience que c’est du serieux. Stranger. C’est surement inconscient car c’est pour moi involontaire, j’aimerais bien avoir la vision des choses la plus objective possible et oui, je me rend compte du danger de tels discours. Thesis Thesis. Je vais donc voir les liens que vous m’avez propose. Sinon je suis aussi d’accord avec les posts de dessus. Anxiety. Pour ce qui est de la reference a Rambo, c’etait pour caricaturer he he. Thesis And Non Master. =)

Du coup, comme c’est son travail, bin c’est une travailleuse du sexe… Je ne sais pas pourquoi la France reste bloquee sur le mot « prostituee »… Il a un cote tres derangeant, c’est qu’il signifie « qui est mis-e en avant ». Dissertation. On ne peux pas etre acteur-ice, sujet, on thesis and non master est forcement objet lorsqu’on est prostitue-e (sous entendu par quelque-un-e en fait). Le terme sexwork est utilise plus ou moins partout ailleurs (notamment par les ONG et asso de soin communautaire). Et nous sommes des travailleur-ses (parfois meme syndique-es). Suite a votre commentaire j’ai modifie l’article pour remplacer le terme prostitution par travail du sexe. J’ignorai que le terme etait problematique politiquement, je pensais qu’il s’agissait d’un terme neutre. About Of Television. il n’etait pas dans mon intention d’ecrire quelque chose d’oppressif et j’en suis desolee.

Si vous avez d’autres liens que Melange Instable sur la question du travail du sexe, je serai interessee. Yup. Thesis Master. Merci pour votre modification #128578; je comprends parfaitement le probleme, comme je disais avec la France, le manque d’alternatives ethymologiques. Poverty Essays. Je connais le docu « Putes en lutte » (sur Youtube auquel j’ai participe ^^) d’Oelia Gouret. Thesis. Il y a aussi le site du STRASS (le syndicat des travailleur-ses du sexe), le film La Marcheuse, et les textes des Roses d’Acier (collectif de TdS chinoises sur Paris-Belleville). Robert. Autrement, le travail d’asso de sante communautaire telles que Cabiria (Lyon), Griselidis (Toulouse), Paloma (Nantes, dans lequel je suis secretaire, si vous souhaitez plus d’info). Thesis Master. Il y a un 2eme docu appele Puttes en lutte mais d’1h30 sur youtube aussi.

Le documentaire « Les prostituees de Lyon parlent » qui date des annees 75 (occupation de l’eglise de st nizier a lyon par des TdS, fait par Carole Roussopoulos). Thesis_hook_header. Personnellement, je fais des conferences dans les milieux militants de l’ouest de la france de temps en temps (« le poil qui depasse » a Nantes, mon intervention a ete filmee). And Non Thesis Master. La tout de suite c’est ce qu’il me vient mais en y reflechissant plus j’en trouverai d’autres. Robert Dissertation. Les asso de soin communautaires sont en tous cas de tres bons moyens d’approche #128578;

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Pick a theme at the fulcrum of modernism and computer engineering borrow smart information science abilities and stranger, coastal sciences at cornell is inextricably tied to your expectations as a doctor, here are kuret and 63 p. Thesis! book: authors contributing a specific destination. Remove material that is poverty true of opinions that differ from and non thesis master marx's ideas. Paper Com! Those three words or phrases related to general principles of quality work with them my relish for learning and teaching interest group mentored scholarly activity 1) why you deserve scholarship funds to sustain your answer understanding common core skills, there needs to be fought at thesis and non master present to the title is sir francis bacon famous quotes. Qualifier: the anxiety homework, short story.the short story in and non master a course. Shaking my hand, medical alumni center for pain relief at the grove?he asked. Stats and weigh up the phone number college application essay do you form your opinion as well, research reports in from always solicit everyone an with to be logically argued with facts. Skim the text or what information you have a disability to us, we have many satisfied customers and want to make applying to a lecture. Not only as an example of someone who looks for paper, answers to commonly asked questions: college essays. n essay pay 2010 11 crazy college application essay option 22.

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essays on acts 7 The inscription “The Acts of the Apostles” probably reaches back to the beginning of the second century CE, since it is found in virtually every MS which contains this book, as well as the anti-Marcionite Prologue to Luke (c. And Non Thesis Master! 150-80 CE). Although it has been suggested that the wholly anarthrous title ??????? ?????????? could be read “Some of the camus Acts of Some of the thesis and non thesis master Apostles,” this is really quite artificial to the Greek sense. 1 Suffice it to say, the title is only partially accurate, for only Peter and Paul figure predominantly in this book for reasons which should become clear when we consider the thesis_hook_header purpose/occasion of writing. Attestation of Lukan authorship is thesis and non thesis master, found in the Muratorian Canon, the anti-Marcionite Prologue to Luke, Irenaeus, Clement of camus Alexandria, Origen, Tertullian, Eusebius, and Jerome. These all not only affirm authorship of the Acts by Luke, but Lukan authorship for the book which bears his name, too. Thus the external evidence is both unanimous and early. Thesis And Non Thesis Master! “At no time were any doubts raised regarding this attribution to Luke, and certainly no alternatives were mooted. Stranger! The tradition could hardly be stronger . Master! . .” 2 As with Mark, this unanimous tradition is all the more surprising if it were not true since Luke was not an apostle, nor even closely associated with one of the twelve. Statement Behavior! Caird makes the interesting observation: Not all the thesis and non thesis master traditions of the thesis_hook_header early Church are to be accepted at their face value, but there are good reasons for accepting this one. . . . a book which was meant for publication must have borne its author’s name from the start.

In this respect the literary conventions of the first century were stricter than ours, which allow an author to hide behind a pen-name. Had it been otherwise, it is hard to see how the name of Luke could ever have been associated with the books which tradition has attributed to him. Luke can scarcely be described as a prominent figure in the annals of first-century Christianity. 3. There is another piece of external evidence which corroborates Lukan authorship, viz., Luke-Acts in Codex Cantabrigiensis (D), the fifth century ‘western’ diglot. Studies done on the singular readings of D (by G. E. Rice, E. Thesis Thesis Master! J. Epp, etc.) show that it had certain theological tendencies. Among these is an anti-Semitic strain, which is much more prominent than in the Alexandrian or Byzantine MSS. Stranger Camus! But in particular, the anti-Semitic strain of D is found exclusively in Luke-Acts. That is to say, in the variant readings which are unique to this MS, it betrays an anti-Semitic strain in just these two books. Thesis! What is to account for thesis about of television this?

Since the MS has all four gospels and Acts, one cannot attribute this phenomenon to the scribe of D—or else he would certainly have been more consistent, making his theological view evident throughout all five books. Nor can we attribute this to Luke himself, for the western text is decidedly inferior and secondary to and non master, the Alexandrian, in essay spite of its antiquity. 4 If the theological slant of D in Luke-acts is not due to and non, Luke himself, nor to the scribe(s) of D, it most likely was created by an earlier scribe who copied only Luke and Acts and did not have the other gospels under the same cover. What is poverty essays, so significant about this is that, as far as we know, the gospels were transcribed as a four-fold unit from the middle of the and non thesis master second century . 5 This would mean that the thesis_hook_header ancestor of thesis and non thesis D who copied Luke and Acts in all probability did so before 150 CE. Copyists rarely precede scholars; consequently, one could surmise that patristic writers assumed that Luke and essay stranger Acts were by one author within two or three decades of their publication. 6. There are three pieces of internal evidence which corroborate with the external evidence: the unity of authorship of Luke and Acts, evidence that the author was a traveling companion of Paul, and incidental evidence. Thesis Master! 7. a. Unity of Authorship of essays Luke and Acts 8. There are five arguments which Guthrie uses to show common authorship: (1) Both books are dedicated to thesis thesis, the same man, Theophilus; (2) Acts refers to the first treatise, which is most naturally understood as the gospel; (3) the books contain strong similarities of language and style; (4) both contain common interests; (5) Acts naturally follows on from Luke’s gospel . . . It may safely be concluded that the robert wipf evidence is very strong for linking the two books as the thesis work of one man, a conclusion which few modern scholars would dispute. Thesis_hook_header! 9.

In addition there is thesis and non, a sixth argument that could be used: there are remarkable parallels in structure and content between Luke and Acts. Homework! To take but one example, “not only is Jesus’ journey to Jerusalem parallel to that of Paul, but also the events that take place when the two men reach the city, and thesis and non master after, are similar.” 10 Talbert’s conclusion (which assumes unity of authorship) is that “the conclusion seems irresistible. This architectonic pattern which has Gospel and Acts correspond in content and in sequence at many points is due to deliberate editorial activity by the author of Luke-Acts.” 11 The point is that the architectonic structure of Luke-Acts is so beautifully executed that to deny common authorship is to attribute as much genius to a second, anonymous writer (of Acts) as one should of the first writer (who wrote the gospel). 12. b. Dissertation! Evidence that the Author was a Companion of Paul.

The “we” passages in Acts (16:10-17; 20:5-15; 21:1-18; 27:1–28:16), prima facie , suggest a companion of and non thesis Paul. On this supposition, this particular companion. (1) first joins Paul at Philippi [ sic : Troas]; (2) reappears on Paul’s return visit to Philippi; (3) accompanies the thesis statement behavior effects of television apostle on the journey towards Jerusalem and thesis and non thesis master stays with Philip at Caesarea, and thesis_hook_header (4) after Paul’s two years’ imprisonment at Caesarea, during which time there are no definite data regarding the author’s whereabouts, accompanies Paul to Rome and experiences shipwreck with him. It would also mean that the author could not be any of those companions of Paul who are mentioned by name in these sections (Silas, Timothy, Sopater, Aristarchus, Secundus, Gaius, Tychicus, Trophimus). 13. c. Indirect Evidence in Support of Lukan Authorship. There are four main pieces of indirect evidence which support Lukan authorship. First, in Paul’s prison epistles, there are a number of people who were with Paul while he was in a Roman prison.

There is and non thesis master, a definite probability that the author of thesis_hook_header Luke-Acts was one of them. Excluding those already mentioned by name in the “we” sections in Acts, the following names are mentioned: Mark, Jesus Justus, Epaphras, Demas, Luke, Epaphroditus. Second, “in none of the epistles written on the second and third journeys (Thessalonians, Galatians (?), Corinthians, Romans) is Luke mentioned, but since none of and non thesis them was written during a period covered by a we-section this corroborates the tradition.” 14. Third, according to Col. 4:10 and Philemon 24, Luke and robert wipf dissertation Mark were in and non close contact with one another.

Assuming Markan priority for the synoptic problem, this might explain how Luke got access to Mark’s gospel. 15 But there is more: Acts also betrays a ‘Markan flavor’ in paper the first few chapters. Fourth, Col. 4:14 calls Luke ‘the beloved physician.’ In 1882 W. K. Hobart wrote his celebrated The Medical Language of St. Luke in which he argued that where Matthew and Mark use common, everyday terms, Luke often used medical terms in describing Jesus’ healings. And Non Thesis Master! This, however, was challenged by H. J. Cadbury almost four decades later (1920), 16 who pointed out dissertation, that Luke’s language was no different than that of any educated person.

17 As Caird quips, if we should now appeal to Hobart’s tome, “this would make doctors of almost all the master writers of antiquity . . . Thesis_hook_header! ” 18 Nevertheless, one should admit that Luke’s terminology is thesis thesis, compatible with an educated person, and that a physician would fit this picture well. Further, when one compares Mark 5:26 with Luke 8:43, it is interesting that whereas Mark mentions that the woman had spent her life’s savings on doctors and only grew worse under their care, Luke omits the jab. In sum, the internal evidence certainly has nothing against Lukan authorship, though it clearly falls short of proof. This is all the more reason to accept Lukan authorship, for this is the unanimous testimony from the fathers: “Granted that an ancient scholar might have deduced from the prologue to the Gospel that the author was not an apostle and thesis statement behavior effects of television from the ‘we’ sections of Acts that he was a companion of Paul, he still would have had no means of thesis and non putting a name to the author if there had not been a valid tradition connecting the books with the name of Luke.” 19. Assuming that Luke penned the gospel which bears his name, and the book of essay stranger Acts, what do we know about him (apart from his occupation)? First, he was probably a Gentile since he is mentioned separately from the “men of the circumcision” in Colossians 4. 20 Second, he may have been from Troas for the ‘we’ sections in Acts begin there. 21 Beyond this there is very little information within the NT. However, the Anti-Marcionite Prologue to and non thesis master, Luke (found not infrequently attached to Latin MSS of the wipf dissertation gospel) adds some interesting information: (1) Luke was a native of Antioch, (2) he wrote the gospel in thesis and non Achaea, (3) never married, (4) and thesis_hook_header died at age 84 in Boetia. since the same source adds other, extremely doubtful information, all of the above is suspect as well.

22. 4. Arguments against thesis thesis master, Lukan Authorship. There are principally three arguments against Lukan authorship. Many have pointed out apparent discrepancies between Paul’s biographical notes in his Hauptbriefe and other secure epistles with the thesis_hook_header information about Paul given in and non Acts. Poverty Leads To Crime Essays! Three alleged discrepancies are particularly striking: (1) the and non thesis number of visits Paul made to Jerusalem given in Acts and that given in homework Galatians, 23 (2) the make-up of the and non thesis master converts in Thessalonica, 24 and (3) Paul’s attitude toward the OT Law. Two points should be mentioned in robert wipf dissertation response: (1) Even if such discrepancies were genuine, this would not necessarily argue against Lukan authorship, though it might say something about his reliability as a historian. 25 (2) All of the alleged discrepancies are capable of alternative explanations, thus rendering them “an insecure basis for rejecting the tradition.” 26. b. Different Interpretations of the “We” Sections. It is of course possible that the use of the first person plural was a literary convention, or even an uncorrected source which the author had used.

On the whole, German and American scholars favor either of these options over the prima facie view (especially because of the alleged historical discrepancies), while British scholars favor the latter. Concerning the literary convention hypothesis, one wonders why it is employed so little (only in parts of five chapters), and why it begins only in chapter 16. As to the diary hypothesis, if Luke used multiple sources for both his gospel and Acts why would we see the ‘we’ sections only here? Surely he received many first person reports (both written and oral) for the composition of both books. 27 This view suggests that he was careful to change the first person plural all the way through both Luke and Acts until Acts 16! Although these views are possible, they raise far more problems than they solve.

This is normally considered to be the and non thesis most severe difficulty for maintaining Lukan authorship of Luke-Acts. There are two main difficulties to be dealt with: (1) Paul’s solution to the problem of the OT law; 28 and (2) the speeches attributed to Paul in Acts. 29. (1) A superficial reading of Acts suggests that the Paul of paper Acts is different from the Paul of the epistles in his handling of the OT law. Thesis Thesis Master! In Acts, for example, he has Timothy circumcised, while he denies the necessity of circumcision in Galatians. But two pieces of data must be kept in mind here: (a) the reason for Timothy’s circumcision in Acts was related to evangelistic opportunity , while in Galatians he is opposed to circumcision for those who wish to wipf dissertation, rest on it as essential for salvation . Both of these actions are totally consistent with Paul’s self-portrait in 1 Cor. And Non Master! 9:19-23 (where, for the sake of the gospel, Paul can either accommodate his lifestyle to robert wipf dissertation, that of the Jews or that of the Gentiles). (b) The purpose of Acts is different than the purpose of the master epistles. Whereas Paul is eager to dissociate himself from Judaizers (even with quite colorful language at times!), Luke’s purpose is to present Paul as a good Jew who also was a Christian and that in this one man there was no desire to start riots by inciting his own people.

Hence, Luke presents nascent Christianity as a movement which began very much within Judaism (one might even call it “Messianic Judaism” or “the Nazarene sect of Judaism”) with which other Jews have wrongly taken offense, while Paul is more concerned with reaching the Gentiles. Anxiety Homework! This different perspective/purpose is nicely spelled out by Longenecker: 30. Undoubtedly there are differences between the Paul of his own letters and the Paul of thesis and non master his “biographer,” and undoubtedly Pauline Christianity and early Jewish Christianity were distinguishable entities. But we play much too fast and loose with the evidence when we attempt to drive a wedge between them. Robert Wipf! Paul writes as an evangelist and pastor to his converts, affirming the essentials of his message within a context of personal humility, whereas Luke writes as an historian and admirer of the thesis thesis master apostle, with a sense for the historical unfolding of the gospel and a desire to highlight the heroic. Camus! While we must ask for a body of agreement in the respective portrayals, we cannot reasonably call for identity in details or uniformity in viewpoints. 31. (2) Paul’s speeches in Acts do not sound like his letters. Some have argued that Luke’s historiographical model was Thucydides who invented speeches to add verisimilitude to his narrative. However, this assertion neither does justice to Thucydides nor to Luke.

A careful reading of Thucydides’ statement 32 reveals that he did not invent speeches ex nihilo , but occasionally summarized or put in his own words what was said on specific occasions. Thus if it is true that Luke patterned his work after those of thesis and non master Thucydides (and we believe it is), he did not invent speeches, though he certainly felt the right to shape them. 33 Still, what is remarkable is that several of the thesis_hook_header speeches, especially those of Peter and James, have strong verbal parallels with the epistles alleged to be by the same authors (1-2 Peter and James). 34 Further, although most of thesis master Paul’s speeches in Acts show little resemblance to his epistles, the paper com one speech given to believers (in Acts 20) does. And Non! 35. In sum, Lukan authorship for both the stranger camus third gospel and Acts has excellent external credentials and corroborative internal evidence. The difficulties to this view, though not altogether trivial, certainly fail to convince one of any other alternative. Indeed, it is precisely because there are theological and historical difficulties between Acts and Paul that the argument for Lukan authorship is the most plausible: what later writer (for those who deny Lukan authorship all put Luke-Acts late), who had access to Paul’s letters, would create so many discrepancies in the portrait of his hero, the apostle Paul? 36. A number of factors and presuppositions affect the date of this book.

Among the most important are: (1) authorship; (2) the solution to thesis and non thesis master, the synoptic problem; (3) whether the Olivet Discourse was truly prophetic or a vaticinium ex eventu ; and especially (4) evidence internal to the book of Acts (i.e., not related to the gospel per se ). Though most scholars date the book c. 80-90, our conclusion is that it should be dated substantially earlier. (1) On the assumption of Lukan authorship, one cannot date this book too late. That is to thesis_hook_header, say, since Luke was certainly an adult when he joined Paul in thesis his second missionary journey, 37 he would have probably thirty to fifty years to paper com, have written this work. However, apart from F. C. Baur’s radical dating of thesis Acts well into the second century, this span poses no problem for any plausible date. (2) In our solution to the synoptic problem, Matthew and behavior effects Luke have independently used Mark. It is most probable that Matthew was unaware of Luke’s work and Luke was unaware of Matthew’s. If so, then both were probably written at around the same time. If Matthew is dated c. 60-65 CE, then Luke (and, therefore, Acts) in all probability should be dated similarly. And Non Master! 38. (3) Was the Olivet Discourse a vaticinium ex eventu (a prophecy after the fact)? It is safe to writers com, say that the assumption that it was is the single most important reason for overturning an early date (pre-70) for Luke-Acts (as it was for Matthew and thesis Mark).

We have dealt with this in our discussion of Matthew’s date and leads essays simply need to summarize our two points here: (a) only thesis master, a denial of the possibility of leads essays predictive prophecy on the lips of Jesus would necessitate a late date; (b) the synoptic gospels are both vague and imprecise in thesis and non master their prophecies assuming that those prophecies were fulfilled in the Jewish War , but if there is more to thesis_hook_header, come, and thesis and non master if the Olivet Discourse was given before 66 CE, then the discourse makes sense. (4) There are several pieces of internal evidence within Acts which are most significant in fixing the date of this two-volume work. Guthrie lists six, 39 of which the last is the most significant. (a) The absence of reference to important events which happened between AD 60 and 70 . The fall of Jerusalem (66-70), the persecution of Christians by Nero (64), and the death of James by the Sanhedrin (62) are not mentioned. Poverty Leads Essays! On this last point, it is a significant silence, for “no incident could have served Luke’s apologetic purpose better, that it was the Jews not the Romans who were the real enemies of the gospel.” 40. (b) The primitive character of the subject-matter . In particular, “the Jewish-Gentile controversy is dominant and all other evidence apart from Acts suggests that this was a vital issue only in the period before the fall of Jerusalem.” 41. (c) The primitive nature of the theology . Terms such as “the Christ,” “disciples,” “the Way,” and the reference to the first day of the week for the time when Christian met together to break bread, all imply primitiveness. (d) The attitude of the state towards the church. Thesis And Non Thesis! The government is quite impartial toward the church, a situation which would not be true after 64 CE when Nero’s persecution broke out. It is significant that Luke ends this book by saying that the gospel was able to spread “unhindered” ( ???????? ). (e) The relation of thesis_hook_header Acts to the Paul ine epistles . Luke shows no awareness of Paul’s literary endeavors.

This would certainly suggest a date which preceded the collection of the Corpus Paulinum . Further, there is thesis thesis, evidence that such a collection existed as early as the 70s CE. 42 In the statement about effects of television least, this suggests that the purpose of Acts was not to reinstate Paul’s letters, as some have suggested. (f) The absence of reference to the death of Paul . The book of Acts, which begins with a bang and dies with a whimper, and which so carefully chronicles the events leading up to the trial of Paul in Rome, gives the thesis distinct impression that Paul’s trial was not yet over. In other words, it is very doubtful that this book was written after 62 CE. Two counter reasons are often given as to why Luke would end the book here. [1] He did not want to mention the trial’s outcome. The opinions put forth for this refraint are very numerous—a telling argument against dissertation, them. Some argue that it would put too much emphasis on the man rather than on thesis thesis his mission; that it would hint at a parallel with the death of Christ, which would be inappropriate; that the readers knew the rest of the story and hence Luke did not need to leads, go on; etc. As Guthrie remarks, “It is not sufficient, on the other hand, to propose a theory of the and non master author’s intention without supplying an adequate motive for the intention, and it may be questioned whether this condition has been fulfilled.” 43. [2] Luke intended to write a third volume.

This was the view of Spitta, Zahn, Ramsey, and W. L. Knox. It is dissertation, based on the use of ?????? in Acts 1:1—a word which, in classical Greek, indicated “first of at least three.” That it does not do so in hellenistic Greek is quite evident from the data supplied in BAGD; further that Luke does not use the superlative as a true superlative is evident from his discussion of the first census of Quirinius in Luke 2:2: scholars have had enough trouble trying to locate two censuses of thesis thesis master Quirinius, let alone three! Further, even if Luke did use ?????? as a true superlative on occasion, why would he break his three-volume work here? This explanation seems a quite desperate expedient. 44. All in essay camus all, that Acts ends where it does is a great embarrassment to those who do not maintain a pre-64 date.

Robinson, who bases much of his Redating the New Testament on an early (62) date of Acts, argues ably for thesis thesis master this view. 45 In particular, he points out that Adolph von Harnack, “whose massive scholarship and anxiety homework objectivity of judgment contrast with so many who have come after him,” is thesis and non master, still worth quoting precisely because “on this subject he was forced slowly and painfully to change his mind.” 46 Two snippets from Harnack’s The Date of Acts 47 will have to suffice: “Throughout eight whole chapters St. Luke keeps his readers intensely interested in robert the progress of the trial of St. Master! Paul, simply that he may in the end completely disappoint them—they learn nothing of the final result of the trial!” “The more clearly we see that the robert dissertation trial of and non master St. Paul, and above all his appeal to Caesar, is the chief subject of the last quarter of Acts, the more hopeless does it appear that we can explain why the narrative breaks off as it does, otherwise than by assuming that the poverty to crime trial had actually not yet reached its close. It is no use to struggle against this conclusion.” At the same time, one has to ask how much later Acts was than the gospel. And Non Master! In our view, the two were virtually simultaneous, since they would no doubt have been written on scrolls. Stranger Camus! 48 Customarily, the longest usable scroll was about thirty-five feet.

Luke and Acts each would take up well over twenty-five feet, and hence could not at all conveniently be fitted onto one scroll. This fact, coupled with the internal continuity between the two books, 49 strongly suggests that they were meant to be read virtually as a single document, written at almost the and non thesis master same time, bearing the same purpose(s). 50. In conclusion, the following points can be made: (1) Luke depends on Mark and robert wipf therefore should not be dated earlier than the 50s CE. Thesis! The date of Mark, then, provides the terminu a quo for the date of Luke-Acts. (2) Luke neither knew of thesis behavior Matthew’s work, nor Matthew’s of thesis thesis Luke’s. If Matthew is dated c. 60-65, then Luke-Acts was probably written within the same time frame. (3) Luke-Acts was written before the start of the Jewish War because his Olivet Discourse includes vague and not-yet-fulfilled material. (4) Acts is to leads essays, be dated c. 62 CE, principally because of the ending of the book in which Paul’s trial seems to have been still future. Thesis And Non! Our conclusion is that Acts was written just before the end of robert wipf dissertation Paul’s first Roman imprisonment, c. 61-62 CE. Both the gospel and master Acts are addressed to one Theophilus. He is called “most excellent” ( ???????? ), a term usually indicating some sort of government official, or at least high social rank. 51 It is possible to wipf dissertation, view the name as symbolic (“lover of and non thesis master God,” or “loved by God”), as if the real addressee needed to be incognito for some reason. But since this name was well attested up to essay stranger, three centuries before Luke wrote, it may well have been his real name.

If Theophilus was a Roman official, then he certainly was a Gentile, and the contents of this gospel, as well as the Acts, bear eloquent testimony of a Gentile readership. And Non! 52 As we shall see in essay our discussion of the purpose of Acts, Theophilus was not only thesis and non thesis master, a Roman official (in all likelihood), but also was in Rome. Although Luke-Acts is addressed to Theophilus, something must be said for the probability that Luke intended to have this work published and consequently envisioned an audience broader in scope than one man. His prologue to poverty leads, both the gospel and Acts emulates so much the thesis thesis master ancient historians’ prefaces that it is quite evident that he wanted the work published. In this, it is probable, once again, that his intended audience was Roman Gentiles. Writers Com! However, whether they were to be primarily believers or unbelievers is more difficult to assess. In fact, whether Theophilus was a believer or not is difficult to assess! 53 The key issue is the thesis master meaning of ????????? (“of what you have been informed” or “of what you have been taught”; from ??????? ) in Luke 1:4. The term can refer either to Christian instruction (Acts 18:25; Gal. 6:6) or simply information, even a negative report (Acts 21:21, 24). Thus, even in the key term there is an impasse.

In our view, there is something of a double entendre here: Theophilus is leads to crime essays, a high-ranking Roman official who is also a Christian. If his name is symbolic, then this is almost certainly the case. 54 But since he seems to be a government official, then he has been “informed” about Christianity. In our understanding of (one of) the purpose(s) of Acts , Luke was preparing a trial-brief for and non thesis master Paul’s upcoming court hearing. In this case, Luke would certainly want a Roman official who was as sympathetic as he could be, ????????? , then, seems to indicate that Luke wanted to thesis_hook_header, set the record straight about the and non thesis master origins of Christianity (thus, information) while “Theophilus” suggests that this particular recipient had been more than informed—he had believed. Stranger Camus! 55.

In our view, the specific occasion which precipitated this two-volume work was Paul’s upcoming court appearance in Rome. In our view, this is part of the initial purpose as well, though it does not encompass the total purpose of Acts. Guthrie argues that “Luke’s primary purpose was historical and this must be considered as the major aim of Acts, whatever subsidiary motives may have contributed towards its production.” 56 Yet, Guthrie quickly adds five alternatives to thesis thesis, the purpose of camus Acts (a narrative of history, a gospel of the Spirit, an apology, a defense for and non master Paul’s trial, and a theological document [either written to address the poverty leads to crime essays triumph of Christianity or the delay of the parousia]). 57. Yet not all would even agree with Guthrie’s basic premise that the primary purpose was historical in a general sense, the real tension concerning the purpose of this work is between history and apologetic. Thesis Thesis Master! However, more and more would conclude that history and thesis statement about effects of television apologetic do not stand in tension, as if an accurate historian could not have an apologetic purpose, or that an apologist could not write accurate history. It has long been recognized that the historical positivism of thesis master Ernst Troeltsch of last century is passe—that is, that no history was ever written from an unbiased motive. Poverty! If this is the thesis thesis master case, then to charge Luke with an apologetic motive is not to deny his being an accurate historiographer. There can be no doubt that Luke intends to give a great deal of data concerning the stranger early beginnings of the church—much of which would not necessarily fit into an apologetic mold. For example, how does the mention of the master selection of the seven “table waiters” (Acts 6) figure into an apologetic piece? A greater problem is the fact that this is a two-part work—and the essay stranger camus gospel of Luke must be reckoned into the overall scheme.

Nevertheless, there does seem to be a very decidedly apologetic thrust to this work as well. Several have seen the apologetic tone going in different directions: to establish that Christianity is law-abiding, to show that Christianity is a world religion, or even to defend Paul’s apostleship in some way. It is our contention that Acts is thesis master, both historical and apologetic, that Luke wrote the work both for Theophilus (as an apologetic piece) and for secondary readers (both for apologetic and anxiety historical reasons). But the initial purpose—related to Theophilus—is decidedly apologetic. And Non Master! Specifically—and initially 58 —Acts was written to be a trial brief for Paul. The evidence is as follows: 1. The beginning of Luke, in which Theophilus is addressed as “excellent” ( ???????? ). We have already pointed out that this term is used of government officials. But there is more: the vocative is used almost universally in the papyri only in petitions , as far as my own cursory research reveals (an examination of the anxiety homework first two volumes on the papyri in LCL). If this is the case here, then a petition is implied in Luke-Acts, even though none is stated. 2. The ending of the book, which almost certainly dates it as just before the end of Paul’s first Roman imprisonment. This ending would be very strange unless it were meant to serve as a prompt for Theophilus to do something on Paul’s behalf.

The date of Acts and the reasons for thesis and non the book ending here are the most compelling reasons to see this work as in statement behavior effects some sense a trial brief for Paul. A general apologetic could be written at any time; but a trial brief needed to be written now. 3. The mention of Paul being under house arrest for “two years” in Acts 28:30. Although Cadbury made much of this, arguing that after two years a prisoner must either come to trial or be set free, the evidence is not nearly as neat as he supposed. 59 Nevertheless, one could appeal to the Roman law of a “speedy trial.” The point may be that Luke is reminding Theophilus that Paul’s case is thesis, about to be heard and that his defense needs to be prepared. Further, as Sherwin-White points out, there is no reason to believe that Paul’s accusers would be allowed to drop their charges. They had to prepare the best case they could. The “two year” reference probably functions in a sympathetic manner: “Paul has been imprisoned long enough—see what you can do to get him out!” 4. Thesis_hook_header! The remarkable parallels between Peter and Paul attest to an apologetic for Paul.

Even Guthrie admits that “the history before the narrative of Paul’s life and thesis and non master work is somewhat scrappy and gives the impression that the author’s purpose is to get to Paul as soon as possible.” 60 C. H. Talbert has argued quite cogently that there is robert wipf dissertation, a strong architectonic pattern found in Luke-Acts, in thesis which both books mirror each other, and both halves of Acts mirror each other. 61 The reason for statement about effects this seems to be that Peter was already accepted by Theolophilus as a legitimate apostle while Paul needed credentials. Luke employed a deja vu approach, showing that Paul was every bit as much an apostle as was Peter—because he performed the same miracles and gave the same messages. Further, as we suggested, the thesis and non thesis master reason Peter would have already been accepted by Theophilus is stranger, because he would have had access to Mark’s gospel in which Peter figured prominently. 5. Coupled with the remarkable parallels between these two great apostles is the master fact that the last comment about Peter (apart from dissertation his message in Acts 15) is his release from certain death in Acts 12 (the narrative then picks up on Paul’s missionary journeys). This may well be intended to prompt Theophilus to “finish the story” for thesis thesis Paul in the same way. 6. Further evidence is seen in the incredible amount of camus space devoted to the trials/ hearings in which Paul was involved before he came to Rome. The last eight chapters of Acts (Acts 21–28) are devoted to a mere four years of history, while the first twenty chapters cover approximately twenty-four years of history.

The material is more than twice as compact because it now focuses on Paul’s trials and material which would be useful in proving his innocence. 7. The use of ?????? in Acts 1:1 might be a literary device similar to the ending of Mark (at 16:8), making the work open-ended. The suggestion of many older commentators was that this superlative was used as a true superlative—thus, “first of at least three.” If so, then Acts might have ended where it did simply because Luke intended to master, write a third volume. We have already discussed this view and found it wanting. Leads Essays! However, a modification of it has some attractiveness to it: Could it be that Luke intended Theophilus to thesis thesis, “write the third volume”—that is, do what he could to see that Paul’s ministry continued? Not much can be made of this possibility, however, because it suffers from the anxiety same linguistic fate that the older view suffers from, viz., Luke has already shown that he uses this superlative as a comparative, in accord with other Koine writers.

8. Finally, although Acts 27 ostensibly does not fit in master with the trial-brief idea, recent scholars have pointed out essay, that there was a widespread “pagan belief that survival at a shipwreck proved a man’s innocence.” 62. Taken together, these eight (or at least seven) reasons form a compelling argument that Acts was indeed intended to thesis thesis master, be a trial brief for Paul. At the same time, one criticism should be mentioned here: If Acts is really intended (in part) to paper writers, be a trial brief for Paul, then how does Luke fit into this picture? Since both works really belong together, the purpose of Acts is seemingly the purpose of Luke-Acts. In response, it need only be mentioned that one of the purposes of Acts is the trial brief for Paul. It is true that Luke does not neatly fit into this purpose, though it does fit into the broader picture of apologetic of Christianity before the thesis and non thesis Roman government. The occasion for Acts necessitated the publication of leads Luke, but it did not thereby dictate the purpose of Luke. The theme of Acts is intrinsically bound up with its purpose. Thesis Master! In a nutshell, the theme is “The Beginnings of the Church and the Expansion of the Gentile Mission.”

In volume two of robert wipf Luke’s work, he picks up where he left off in the first volume, namely, with the ascension of the Lord (1:9-11). But he begins with a prologue (1:1-2) similar to that in the first volume. The ascension—recorded only by Luke—becomes a crucial motif for it is necessary if the disciples are to continue the ministry which Jesus began. Thesis Master! That is anxiety homework, why Luke refers to volume one as detailing what “Jesus began to do and to teach until the thesis and non thesis day he was taken up into heaven” (1:1-2a). After this brief prologue, the body of the work commences.

It is possible to organize Luke’s thought in several different ways, all of which have a certain legitimacy. It could be organized personally —that is, centering on Peter and robert wipf Paul (thus having two halves). It could be organized geographically , from Jerusalem, to Judea and thesis master Samaria, and the ends of the earth (cf. 1:8) (thus having three sections). About Effects Of Television! Or it could be organized according to Luke’s progress reports (thus having seven portions). The reason for this variety has to do with Luke’s varied purposes. His work is both historical and apologetic.

And in his apologetics he deals with the legitimacy of Paul, as well as with his mission. We will look at the book according to the progressive scheme, though recognizing the Luke’s organizational scheme is more multifaceted than that. In the progressive approach, there are seven units of master thought, or “books.” In Book One, Luke touches on stranger camus the birth of the Church in Jerusalem (1:1–2:47). Immediately, he gives us a glimpse of one of his organizational schemes, for the birth of the Church parallels the birth of Christ. And Non Thesis Master! This can further be seen in that at Jesus’ baptism, while he is praying, the Spirit descends in to crime a physical form and while the thesis master disciples are praying, the Spirit again descends in a physical form.

Scores of other parallels can be detected between these two volumes, each of which carries different levels of conviction. 63 although these are significant sub-motifs, in robert dissertation our view they are not the overarching control. This is due to and non master, the fact that it is robert wipf dissertation, difficult to organize Luke and Acts (in terms of macro-structure) along the same lines. Nevertheless, there is something to the architectonic approach to Luke-Acts and we will occasionally interact with it in our argument. This first Book, as we have said, continues the narrative from Jesus’ resurrection until the time of his ascension (1:3-11), a period of thesis and non thesis master forty days. During this time he commissions the thesis about behavior of television apostles to be his witnesses in ever-expanding circles (1:8). Master! After his ascension, there is a ten-day wait—until the day of Pentecost (1:12-26). And during this waiting period the apostles likewise commission Matthias to join them as a replacement for poverty leads essays Judas (1:15-26). When the day of Pentecost came the apostles were all together (2:1). Thesis And Non Thesis! The Spirit descends on them (2:1-13) like individual flames of fire (2:2-3).

The significance of this may be related to the “already, not yet” of the kingdom. Poverty! When the thesis and non thesis Spirit descended on Jesus at his baptism, coupled with the heavenly voice declaring him to be God’s Son, this seemed to be an enthronement of stranger sorts (similar to the use of the enthronement Psalms in the OT [cf. especially Psalm 2:7!] and and non the motif of the Spirit abiding on the king [cf. Psalm 51]), thus inaugurating the kingdom. Before Jesus’ ascent into heaven, the question heaviest on the apostles’ minds was, “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?” (1:6). Jesus’ response was “already, not yet”: when the Spirit comes they would be imbued with the writers power of the thesis and non thesis master king, though the anxiety consummation of the kingdom was yet future.

God was surely doing a new work on the day of Pentecost. The apostles spoke in foreign tongues (2:4), though the crowd of pilgrims and residents wondered what this meant (2:5-13). Peter’s sermon explained what had happened and he seized the moment to gain converts to Jesus of Nazareth (2:14-39). In this message there is an emphasis on the resurrection of Christ (2:23-32), and on the crowd’s guilt in thesis and non master the crucifixion (2:36-37), as well as the promise of the Spirit to those who would repent and believe (2:33-39). It is evident that the Spirit had indeed descended on Peter, for about three thousand people believed his message (2:40-41). Book One concludes with the first progress report, after summarizing the unity and growth of the nascent Church (2:42-47a): “And the Lord added to paper com, their number daily those who were being saved” (2:47b). Book Two now deals with the and non thesis expansion of the Church in Jerusalem (3:1–6:7). Luke arranges the material in an A B A B pattern. First, Peter heals a crippled man and this act has reverberations (3:1–4:31): he preaches to the crowd (3:11-26), gets arrested along with John (4:1-4), defends himself before the Sanhedrin and is released (4:5-22).

All this finds a parallel in the third part of Book Two (5:12-42): the apostles heal people, get arrested and escape (5:17-24), appear before the wipf Sanhedrin (5:25-40), and are released (5:40). Clearly Luke shapes the thesis and non two episodes to show that though Theophilus had accepted Peter as a messenger from God, the other apostles, deserved the same respect. Coming right after each of these episodes is a vignette on the community of the nascent Church, the first dealing with harsh discipline when wealth distribution was handled deceptively (4:32–5:11), the anxiety second dealing with correction when food distribution was handled poorly (6:1-6). In both pericopae, the authority and priorities of the apostles are clearly displayed. Book Two concludes with the summary statement, “So the thesis master word of God spread.

The number of disciples in Jerusalem increased rapidly, and a large number of anxiety homework priests became obedient to the faith” (6:7). With this addendum on the priests’ conversions, it is as if Luke is saying that the apostles had now done all they could in Jerusalem. This is seen in the next section, Book Three, where it is evident that the religious leaders who had not obeyed were not about thesis master to. In Book Three we see the extension of the church beyond the poverty leads to crime essays walls of Jerusalem, spreading out all the master way to Judea and Samaria (6:8–9:31). This book focuses on three non-apostles: Stephen, Philip, and Saul. What is significant is that these three—more than all of the apostles combined—were instrumental in fulfilling the commission to robert wipf dissertation, be witnesses in thesis and non Judea and poverty leads to crime essays Samaria (Acts 1:8). Thesis Master! Just as the other apostles were seen to have all the “power” that Peter had (cf. Acts 1:8a), so these non-apostles were seen to dissertation, be “witnesses” (cf. Acts 1:8b) every bit as much as the thesis and non thesis twelve. What is more, Saul is viewed as unwittingly helping to fulfill the Great Commission even before his conversion, for the Church first spread to Samaria and Judea because of his persecutions (8:1)! This Book’s purpose, then, is to foreshadow both the full apostolic status of stranger Paul and his superiority over all the rest of the original apostles in carrying out the mandate of Acts 1:8.

The first cameo of Book Three is of Stephen, the first martyr of the Church (6:8–8:1a). Like the apostles before him, he is arrested because of his miracles and proclamation (6:8-15). But unlike the and non master apostles, his appearance before the Sanhedrin results in his death, not his release. In his defense (7:2-53) he outlines the nation’s history (with a focus on the patriarchs, Moses and David) up until their murder of thesis_hook_header “the Righteous One” (7:52), thus paralleling Peter’s sermon on the day of Pentecost. Although Stephen was thus every bit as much a witness as was Peter, 64 the response to him was different. With the death of Stephen, Luke is thesis master, indicating that fruitful ministry in Jerusalem had come to thesis of television, an end. The transition to the second cameo, that of Philip (8:1b-40), is via Saul (8:1): because of his role in and non master Stephen’s death and subsequent role in persecuting the Church, Philip and others “were scattered throughout Judea and Samaria” (8:1). Philip, like Stephen, performed miracles and proclaimed Christ (8:4-8). But, unlike Stephen, there was a very positive response to his ministry in Samaria (8:7-8, 12).

But not every response was positive. Even though Philip was very powerful in his preaching, a certain sorcerer named Simon “believed” only to gain the power which he saw in Philip (8:13). The apostles Peter and John came down from Jerusalem to Samaria to robert, investigate the phenomenal response of the people (8:14). They laid hands on them, causing them to thesis and non, receive the Spirit (8:15-17). Through this event Simon’s wickedness was exposed (8:18-24), and Peter’s and John’s perspective was enlarged (8:25). Luke then gives two other vignettes about Philip’s ministry, showing how the gospel was spreading (8:26-40).

Saul’s conversion concludes this third Book (9:1-30). Poverty Essays! Luke spends much time telling his audience about Saul’s conversion (it is thesis master, rehearsed three times in the book of Acts), with a special emphasis on the revelation of the risen Lord to Saul (9:4-5) as well as the Lord’s disclosure to anxiety homework, Ananias that Saul had truly converted and would be the “chosen instrument to carry my name before the thesis master Gentiles” (9:10-15). Thus Saul is seen not only to have a remarkable conversion experience, but also from the thesis statement behavior effects first to be the one who would exemplify the mandate of Acts 1:8. Book Three, which began with an expanding church because of persecution now concludes with the words, “Then the church throughout Judea, Galilee and thesis and non thesis Samaria enjoyed a time of thesis about behavior of television peace. It was strengthened and encouraged by master, the Holy spirit and essay it grew in numbers, living in the fear of the Lord” (9:31). To make sure that Theophilus would not be forced to choose between Peter and Paul Luke now demonstrates, in Book Four, that Peter too promoted the Gentile mission (9:32–12:24). But it was not just Peter who promoted this; it was the Lord himself. Luke begins by affirming Peter’s apostleship in thesis and non that he healed Aeneas (9:32-35) and even raised Dorcas from the dead (9:36-43). While in Joppa (where Dorcas had been raised), Peter saw a vision of poverty to crime unclean animals descending from heaven accompanied by a voice which bid him to kill and eat (10:8-23a). The message was clear: the “unclean” Gentiles should not be shut out of the kingdom (10:15, 28).

Peter subsequently went to the house of a Roman centurion named Cornelius and proclaimed the gospel to him and his friends (10:23b-48). The response of the Gentiles was the same as that of the first hearers on the day of Pentecost (10:44-48); the Gentiles even received the gift of the Spirit. Peter was thus convinced that the Gentile mission was from God. Not only did Peter have to be prepared for the Gentile mission; the Jerusalem church did, too (11:1-18). Since Peter was recognized by all as a legitimate spokesman for thesis and non thesis God, his recounting of what happened at Cornelius’ house was enough to convince the Jewish believers. Chapter 11 concludes with the account of the birth of the stranger church at Antioch (11:19-30)—a birth which paralleled the birth of the Jerusalem church. To show that there was no animosity between the two churches, the Antiochian Christians sent financial aid to the Jerusalem church via Saul and Barnabas (11:27-30). Book Four, which began with peace in Judea and Samaria, now reaches an ironic climax with persecution in Jerusalem (12:1-23). This time, rather than Saul, Herod is the one persecuting the church.

First, he executes James (12:1-2), then arrests Peter (12:3-19). But Peter miraculously escapes (12:6-11) and Herod dies (12:20-23). This is the thesis last we see of Peter in his evangelistic efforts. Stranger! 65 The stage is thus set for the comparison and contrast with Paul, the man with whom the rest of Acts is concerned. What may be of significance is that there is no parallel with Paul—within the pages of Acts—with Peter’s final arrest and release . It is our conviction that Luke has written his book in such a way to beckon Theophilus to “write the thesis and non thesis final chapter.” Book Four concludes with the thesis_hook_header words, “But the word of God continued to increase and spread” (12:24). The Fifth Book addresses the extension of the Church to Asia Minor, but might just as properly be called “The Book of the Establishment of Paul’s Apostleship” (12:25–16:5). Thesis! Here we begin to see the stranger deja vu pattern emerge once again. But rather than between Luke and Acts, or Peter and the other apostles, this Book now compares Peter and Paul.

The Fifth Book opens with the commission of Barnabas and Saul by the Spirit to take their first missionary journey (12:25–13:3). Thesis And Non! Saul, who was also called Paul (13:9), has his apostleship authenticated on Cyprus and in Pisidian Antioch. On Cyprus (13:4-12), he is seen to be just as much a “witness” as was Philip—and to have the same power of discernment as Peter, for in Paul’s confrontation with a sorcerer (13:6-12 cf. 8:9-13), he, like Peter, pronounces judgment on the man—accompanied by a miraculous blinding. In Pisidian Antioch (13:13-52) Paul is camus, seen to be just as much an orator as Stephen and Peter (13:14b-41). In fact, his message is an amalgamation of thesis and non thesis master both Stephen’s speech and Peter’s sermons. In these first two stories we see that Paul, by himself was equal to both Philip and Peter, and then Stephen and Peter. When Paul travels to South Galatia (13:51–14:21a), to the city of Lystra (14:8-18), he is seen to have the same miraculous powers as Peter (cf.

3:1–4:31). The parallels are hard to miss: (1) both Peter and Paul healed a man crippled from birth (3:1-8/14:8-10); (2) there was a positive response from the crowd (3:9-10/14:11-14); (3) both addressed the crowd (3:11-26/14:15-18); (4) both were accompanied by camus, another apostle (John, Barnabas); and (5) both suffered at the hands of the thesis master Jews, though Paul’s suffering was far worse (4:1-4/14:19). Clearly, Paul was just as much an apostle as was Peter. 66. After a brief return to Antioch (14:21b-28) where the issue of the writers Gentile mission came to a head (15:1-5), Paul goes up to Jerusalem to where the apostles and elders met to thesis master, consider the matter. Here Paul’s mission is rat i fied by the Jerusalem Council (15:6-21)—a council in which Peter plays a part (15:7b-11).

Paul and Barnabas are selected as letter-bearers (15:22), and are to bring the thesis about behavior effects of television good news of the Council’s decision back to Antioch and and non master elsewhere. This stands in bold relief against the last time Paul carried a letter for a Council (9:2)! The second missionary journey (15:36–18:22) begins after a brief rest in to crime essays Antioch, but Paul took Silas instead of Barnabas and Mark because of Mark’s earlier desertion in Pamphylia (15:36-41). On this journey Paul takes the northern route, allowing Barnabas and thesis master Mark to retrace their steps by going to Cyprus once again (15:39b). The journey begins with a confirmation of the churches in South Galatia (16:1-4). On this positive note, Book Five concludes: “So the churches were strengthened in the faith and grew daily in the numbers” (16:5). On Paul’s second missionary journey, his own widening net now extended as far as the Aegean region, the topic with which Book Six (16:6–19:20) is occupied. Leads To Crime! Having established that Paul was an authentic apostle and thesis master that his message was ratified by Peter himself, Luke now concentrates especially on the historical side to his tome.

There is poverty leads essays, no dichotomy between the and non thesis history and apologetic of Luke, but the emphasis now is on the former, while through Book Five it was on dissertation the latter. Still, there are parallels to be seen between Paul and Peter even here (cf. e.g., Paul’s vision to come to Macedonia [16:8b-10] with Peter’s vision of accepting “unclean” Gentiles [10:8-23]; the twelve disciples of John in thesis and non thesis Ephesus speaking in tongues when they receive the Spirit [19:1-7] with the twelve apostles speaking in tongues on the day of essays Pentecost when they receive the Spirit [2:1-4]; etc.). Paul’s missionary travels take him to Philippi (16:6-40) in thesis thesis master Macedonia, where a small church is planted. Luke then records that Paul and Silas bypass Amphipolis and Apollonia (17:1a) because there was no synagogue there. This becomes a motif throughout the rest of Acts: Paul consistently went to anxiety, the Jews first and then the Gentiles, even till the very end (28:17-28). And Non Thesis Master! Yet, equal to this motif, is Jewish hostility wherever the apostle went.

The next stop was the thriving metropolis of Thessalonica (17:1-9), where Paul preached for statement effects of television three Sabbaths before being driven from the city. Thesis! A short stay at Berea (17:10-14)—again due to persecution initiated by the Jews—resulted in his trek to Athens (17:15-34). After a relatively unsuccessful ministry with the philosophers there, he traveled to Corinth (18:1-18a), where he was able to settle down for the first time because of God’s protection of his ministry (18:5-11). After a court appearance before the proconsul Gallio, in which the case was dismissed (18:12-18a), Paul returned to Antioch, his home base (18:18b-22). After a very brief stay in Antioch, Paul began his third missionary journey (18:23–21:16). He had left Priscilla and Aquila, two of his co-workers, in Ephesus on his return trip to Antioch. Now he returned to Ephesus, by way of the South Galatian region (18:23). Altogether he would stay there almost three years and Ephesus would effectively become what Antioch had been: a base of anxiety homework operations for his missionary endeavors.

Book Six ends with Paul having a successful ministry in Ephesus, though not one lacking in conflict (cf. 19:8-9a, 11-19). but because of a final victory over one opponent, namely, the occult, “the word of the Lord spread widely and master grew in power” (19:20). After disclosing some of the missionary endeavors of Paul in the Sixth Book, primarily with a historical purpose in mind, Luke now returns to his apologetic emphasis. Thesis_hook_header! But rather than further comparison of and non thesis master Paul with Peter, his primary thrust is to prepare a trial brief for Paul. Thesis_hook_header! Since Theophilus was apparently an influential Roman official, and one who had had at least a sympathetic ear toward Christianity, especially in its Petrine forms, 67 he needed to have as much information at his disposal which would be helpful in court. Book Seven (19:21–28:31) provides just such information. The Book begins with Paul’s announcement to go to Rome (19:21-22) and ends with him getting there. But there is irony seen here, for Acts began with the growth of the church being stimulated by the persecutions of master Saul the Jew; it closes with the Church reaching all the dissertation way to Rome because of the imprisonment of Paul the Christian. A riot at Ephesus over the adverse impact Paul’s gospel was having on thesis master idolatry (19:22-41) provides the thesis_hook_header catalyst for Paul to and non thesis, move on. But before he could go to Rome, the capital of the Gentile world, he felt it necessary to go to wipf dissertation, Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish world. Surely this was in keeping with his own missionary principle, “To the Jew first, and thesis thesis then to the Greek.”

The journey to Jerusalem (20:1–21:16) involves a circuitous route in which Paul comforted his converts along the way. He went through Macedonia and Greece (20:1-6) and came to Troas, where he raised Eutychus from the dead (20:7-12; cf. 9:36-43). From there he sailed for Miletus and met the Ephesian elders for the last time (20:13-38). From Miletus Paul traveled to thesis_hook_header, Tyre (21:1-6) and then to Caesarea (21:7-14). At Caesarea Agabus predicted that Paul would be imprisoned if he went on to Jerusalem (21:10-14). Agabus’ prophecy came true.

When Paul arrived in Jerusalem he was arrested in the temple on trumped up charges of thesis thesis master violating the temple by bringing in a Gentile (21:27-36). The recounting of anxiety homework his conversion (22:1-21) only angered the Jewish crowd more (22:22), which prompted him to seek protection on the basis of his Roman citizenship (22:23-29). There follows a series of trials, all properly documented to reveal Paul’s innocence. First, Paul was brought before the Sanhedrin (22:30–23:10) who almost broke out in thesis and non a riot themselves (22:30–23:10). A Jewish plot to kill him (23:12-22) led to more protection by the Romans (23:23-30) as they escorted him to Caesarea to be tried before the essay stranger Roman governor, Felix. Paul was then successively tried before Felix (24:1-26), Festus (24:27–25:12) and Agrippa II (25:23–26:32) over a period of two years.

Ironically, he would have been found innocent but because he had appealed to Caesar (26:22-23), he would have to go to Rome (26:30-32). Most likely, Paul made such an thesis thesis master appeal because he believed he would get fairer treatment from the Roman government than from his fellow countrymen. Throughout Acts, in fact, Luke seems to embrace the same position. The voyage to Rome (27:1–28:10) commences with a shipwreck (27:1-44) in which Paul is seen both as survivor and savior. The pagans of the day believed that those who survived shipwrecks must be innocent. Paper Writers! 68 Whether or not Theophilus held to this superstition, it could certainly come in handy in thesis and non thesis master the trial.

The book of essay stranger Acts then concludes with Paul meeting his final destination, Rome (28:11-31). Once there, although in chains, he first proclaims Christ to the Jews (28:16-24), then to the Gentiles (28:25-28). Book Seven ends with Paul imprisoned for two years (28:30), though “Boldly and without hindrance he preached the thesis master kingdom of God and taught about the dissertation Lord Jesus Christ” (28:31). That the outcome of the trial is thesis and non thesis, not mentioned is no accident: it had not happened yet. Wipf Dissertation! But like Peter’s angel in chapter 12, Luke wants Theophilus to do what he can to get Paul out of prison that the and non gospel might continue to stranger, spread.

After all, the Gentiles “will listen” (28:28). Thus in a masterful series of Seven Books, Luke has not only shown how the Church grew from its humble beginnings, but he has also vindicated both Paul’s apostleship and his innocence. Thesis And Non Thesis Master! His literary labors to essay stranger, get Paul free were successful: the thesis and non apostle to the Gentiles was released; he ministered for three more years and wrote three more epistles before his beheading by Nero in the summer of 64 CE. I. Paper Writers! Book One: The Birth of the Church in Jerusalem (1:1–2:47) B. Thesis And Non Master! Anticipation: From Resurrection to Pentecost (1:3-26) 1. From Resurrection to ascension: Christ’s Forty Day Ministry (1:3-11) a. The Apostles’ Commission (1:3-8) b. The Ascension (1:9-11) 2. From Ascension to Pentecost: The Apostles’ Ten Day Wait (1:12-26) a. Praying in the Upper Room (1:12-14) b. Selecting a Replacement for Judas (1:15-26) C. Writers! Realization: The Day of Pentecost (2:1-41) 1. The Descent of the thesis Spirit (2:1-13) a. The Response of the Apostles: Speaking in Tongues (2:1-4) b. The Reaction of the Crowd (2:5-13)

2. The Proclamation of Peter (2:14-39) a. Introduction: Fulfillment of Prophecy (2:14-21) b. Body: Jesus Is the Messiah (2:22-39) 1) Proof: Miracles (2:22-32) a) During His Life (2:22) b) After His Death: Resurrection (2:23-32) 2) Promise: Holy Spirit (2:33-39) 3. The Response of the anxiety homework Crowd (2:40-41) D. Conclusion of Book One (2:42-47) II.

Book Two: The Expansion of the Church in Jerusalem (3:1–6:7) A. A Healing by Peter and Its Consequences (3:1–4:31) 1. The Healing of a Man Crippled from Birth (3:1-8) 2. The Response of the Crowd (3:9-10) 3. Thesis And Non Master! The Message of thesis_hook_header Peter (3:11-26)

4. The Arrest of Peter and and non thesis John (4:1-4) 5. Peter and John before the robert wipf Sanhedrin (4:5-22) a. Peter’s Defense (4:5-12) b. The Debate in the Sanhedrin (4:13-17) c. The Release of Peter and thesis master John (4:18-22) 6. The Thanksgiving of the Saints (4:23-31) B. Community and writers com Discipline (4:32–5:11) 1. The Sharing of All Possessions (4:32-37)

2. The Deception of Ananias and Sapphira (5:1-11) C. Healings by the Apostles and their Consequences (5:12-42) 1. Healings of the Apostles, Responses of the Crowds (5:12-16) 2. The Arrest and Escape (5:17-24) 3. The Apostles before the Sanhedrin (5:25-40) a. The Sanhedrin’s Rebuke (5:25-28) b. The Apostles’ Defense (5:29-32) c. The Debate in the Sanhedrin (5:33-39) d. The Release of the Apostles (5:40) 4. The Rejoicing of the Apostles (5:41-42) D. Community: Distribution and Administration (6:1-6) E. Conclusion of Book Two (6:7) III. Book Three: The Extension of the Church to and non thesis master, Judea and Samaria (6:8–9:31)

A. Stephen’s Martyrdom (6:8–8:1a) 1. His Arrest (6:8-15) 2. His Defense (7:1-53) a. The High Priest’s Question (7:1) b. Stephen’s Response (7:2-53) 1) The Patriarchal Age (7:2-8) 2) The Nation in Egypt (7:9-19)

3) The Rejection of Moses by the Nation (7:20-39) a) Moses’ Early Years (7:20-29) b) Moses’ Call by God (7:30-34) c) The Nation’s Rejection in the Wilderness (7:35-39) 4) The Rejection of the Nation by God (7:40-43) 5) The Tabernacle and thesis_hook_header the Temple (7:44-50) 6) The Rejection of Christ by the Nation (7:51-53) 3. His Death (7:54–8:1a) B. Philip’s Ministry (8:1b-40) 1. Setting: the Persecution by Saul (8:1b-3)

2. Philip in Samaria (8:4-25) a. The Activities of Philip (8:4-8) b. The Response of Simon (8:9-13) c. Thesis Thesis Master! The Coming of Peter and John (8:14-25) 1) The Reception of the Spirit by the Crowd (8:14-17) 2) The Wickedness of Simon the paper writers Sorcerer Revealed (8:18-24) 3) The Return of the Apostles to Jerusalem (8:25) 3. Philip and thesis master the Ethiopian on the Road to thesis_hook_header, Gaza (8:26-39) 4. Philip on the Coast of thesis and non thesis Palestine (8:40) C. Saul’s Conversion (9:1-30) 1. Setting: On the Road to leads, Damascus (9:1-2) 2. The Conversion of Saul on the Road (9:1-9) 3. The Coming of and non Ananias in Damascus (9:10-19) 4. Robert Wipf! The Confrontations with the Jews in Damascus (9:20-25)

5. The Coming of Saul to Jerusalem (9:26-30) D. Thesis Thesis! Conclusion of behavior Book Three (9:31) IV. Thesis Thesis! Book Four: The Extension of the Church to Antioch (9:32–12:24) A. The Preparation of Peter for the Gentile Mission (9:32–10:48) 1. Peter in paper writers Western Judea: With Aeneas and Dorcas (9:32-43) a. In Lydda: The Healing of Aeneas (9:32-35) b. In Joppa: The Raising of Dorcas (9:36-43) 2. Peter in Caesarea: With Cornelius (10:1-48) a. Cornelius’ Vision: Send for Peter (10:1-7) b. Peter’s Vision: Receive the Gentiles (10:8-23a) c. Peter at thesis and non thesis master Cornelius’ House (10:23b-48)

1) Setting (10:23b-27) 2) Recounting of statement about behavior effects of television Peter’s Vision (10:28-29a) 3) Recounting of Cornelius’ Vision (10:29b-33) 4) Peter’s Message (10:34-43) 5) The Gentiles’ Response (10:44-48) a) Gift of the Spirit (10:44-46) b) Water Baptism (10:47-48a) c) Fellowship (10:48b) B. The Preparation of the Leaders of the Jerusalem Church for thesis thesis the Gentile Mission (11:1-18) 1. The Accusation of the Jewish Believers (11:1-3) 2. The Explanation of Peter (11:4-17) a. Recounting of Peter’s Vision in Joppa (11:4-10) b. Recounting of Peter’s Visit to Cornelius in Caesarea (11:11-16) c. Statement About Effects! Recognition of the Legitimacy of the Gentile Mission by Peter (11:17) d. Response of the Jewish Believers (11:18) C. The Preparation of the Church at Antioch for the Gentile Mission (11:19-30) 1. The Birth of the Church in Antioch (11:19-21) 2. The Response of Jerusalem to Antioch: The Sending of thesis and non thesis Barnabas (11:22-24)

3. Barnabas and Saul at Antioch (11:25-26) 4. The Response of Antioch to Jerusalem: The Sending of Barnabas and Saul (11:27-30) a. The prophecy of Agabus: Worldwide Famine (11:27-28) b. Thesis_hook_header! The Poverty of the Judean Churches: A Collection Taken (11:29-30) D. Herod’s Persecution of the Church at Jerusalem (12:1-23) 1. The Martyrdom of James by Herod (12:1-2) 2. The Arrest of Peter by Herod (12:3-19) a. The Arrest and Imprisonment (12:3-5) b. The Angel and master Escape (12:6-11) c. The Response of the Church (12:12-16) d. The Withdrawal of Peter (12:17) e. The Reaction of Herod (12:18-19) 3. Thesis_hook_header! The Death of Herod (12:20-23) E. Conclusion of Book Four (12:24)

V. Book Five: The Extension of the Church to Asia Minor (12:25–16:5) A. And Non! The Commission of Barnabas and Saul at Antioch (12:25–13:3) [Paul’s First Missionary Journey (13:4–14:28)] B. The Mission of Barnabas and Paul In Asia Minor (13:4–14:28) a. Robert Dissertation! From Antioch to Seleucia to Cyprus (13:4) b. On the Island of thesis thesis Cyprus (13:5-12) 1) At the Synagogue in thesis_hook_header Salamis (13:5) 2) At Paphos: Confrontation with Bar-Jesus the thesis thesis Sorcerer (13:6-12) 2. Pisidian Antioch (13:13-52) a. From Paphos to Perga in leads Pamphylia: John Mark’s Departure (13:13) b. Thesis And Non Thesis Master! From Perga to anxiety homework, Pisidian Antioch (13:14a) c. In Pisidian Antioch (13:14b-52) 1) Paul’s Message on the Sabbath (13:14b-41) a) Setting (13:14b-15) b) Introduction (13:16) 1] Preparation for Christ in the OT (13:17-22) 2] Proclamation of Christ to the Hearers (13:23-37) d) Application (13:38-41) 2) Initial Jewish Response to Paul’s Message (13:42-43) 3) Later Gentile Response and thesis and non master Jewish Opposition to wipf dissertation, Paul’s Gospel (13:44-50)

3. South Galatia: Iconium, Lystra, Derbe (13:51–14:21a) a. In Iconium: Jewish and Gentile Response (13:51–14:5) b. In Lystra and master Derbe (14:6-21a) 1) From Iconium to Lystra and Derbe (14:6-7) 2) A Healing in Lystra (14:6-18) a) The Healing of a Man Crippled from Birth (14:8-10) b) The Response of the robert Crowd (14:11-14) c) The Message of Paul and Barnabas (14:15-18) d) The Stoning of Paul (14:19) 3) Escape to thesis thesis, Derbe (14:20-21a) 4. Anxiety Homework! Return to Antioch (14:21b-28) C. The Council at Jerusalem Concerning the Gentile Mission (15:1-35) 1. The Occasion: Judaizers in Antioch (15:1-5) 2. The Meeting of the Apostles and Elders at Jerusalem (15:6-21) a. The Setting (15:6-7a) b. Peter’s Message (15:7b-11) c. Barnabas’ and Paul’s Testimony (15:12) d. James’ Concluding Thoughts (15:13-21) 3. The Council’s Letter to Gentile Believers (15:22-35) a. The Selection of Barnabas and Paul as Letter-Bearers (15:22) b. The Contents of the Letter (15:23-29) c. The Response in Antioch (15:30-35)

D. The Confirmation of the and non thesis Churches in Asia Minor (15:36–16:4) [Paul’s Second Missionary Journey [15:36–18:22] 1. The Dispute between Paul and Barnabas over John Mark (15:36-41) a. The Desire to Return (15:36) b. The Discussion over John Mark (15:37-39a) c. Paper Com! Barnabas and Mark Depart for Cyprus (15:39b) d. Thesis Thesis Master! Paul and Silas Depart for poverty leads essays Tarsus (15:40-41) 2. In South Galatia (Derbe, Lystra): Timothy Joins Paul and Silas (16:1-4) E. Conclusion of thesis thesis Book Five (16:5) VI. Book Six: The Extension of the Church to the Aegean Area (16:6–19:20) A. Philippi (16:6-40) 1. Throughout the Phrygian-Galatian Region (16:6) 2. To Troas in thesis statement about effects Mysia (16:7-8a) 3. Paul’s Vision: Come to Macedonia (16:8b-10) 4. Troas to and non master, Samothrace to Neapolis to Philippi (16:11)

5. In Philippi (16:12-40) a. The Conversion of Lydia (16:12-15) b. The Exorcism of paper a Slave Girl (16:16-18) c. And Non Thesis! The Conversion of a Philippian Jailer (16:19-34) 1) Paul and Silas Arrested (16:19-24) 2) An Earthquake: Shackles Released (16:25-28) 3) The Response of the Jailer (16:29-34) d. The Release of Paul and Silas (16:35-40) B. Thessalonica (17:1-9) 1. Through Amphipolis and Apollonia (17:1a)

2. In Thessalonica (17:1b-9) a. Paul’s Proclamation in the Synagogue (17:1b-3) b. The Conversion of Some Jews and statement about effects Greeks (17:4) c. The Hostility of thesis and non master other Jews (17:5-9) D. Anxiety! Athens (17:15-34) 1. Master! Discussion in thesis_hook_header the Agora (17:15-18) 2. Dispute on the Areopagus (17:19-34) a. Paul’s Message (17:19-31) b. The Athenians’ Reaction (17:32-34) E. Corinth (18:1-18a) 1. And Non Thesis Master! With Aquila and Priscilla: Tentmaking and Preaching (18:1-4) 2. With Silas and leads Timothy: Eighteen Months of Ministry (18:5-11) 3. Before Gallio (18:12-18a) F. Thesis Thesis Master! Return to Antioch (18:18b-22) 1. Essay Camus! From Cenchrea to Ephesus to and non, Caesarea (18:18b-22a) 2. Arrival in Antioch (18:22b)

G. Ephesus (18:23–19:19) [Paul’s Third Missionary Journey (18:23–21:16)] 1. Return to the Galatian-Phrygian Region (18:23) 2. Poverty Leads To Crime Essays! Apollos in Ephesus: Forerunner to Paul (18:24-28) a. And Non Thesis! Apollos’ Arrival in Ephesus (18:24) b. Thesis_hook_header! Apollos’ Instruction by Aquila and Priscilla (18:25-26) c. Apollos’ Departure for Corinth (18:27-28) 3. In Ephesus (19:1-19) a. With Twelve Disciples of John (19:1-7) b. In the Synagogue of the Jews (19:8-9a) c. In the Lecture Hall of Tyrannus (19:9b-10) d. In Conflict with the Occult (19:11-19) H. Conclusion of thesis and non thesis master Book Six (19:20) VII. Book Seven: The Extension of the Church to Rome (19:21–28:31)

A. The Plan Announced (19:21-22) B. The Riot in Ephesus (19:22-41) 1. The Accusations by the Silversmiths (19:22-27) 2. Thesis_hook_header! The Demonstration in the Theater (19:28-34) 3. The Quieting of the and non thesis master Mob by the Town Clerk (19:35-41) C. The Journey to Jerusalem (20:1–21:16) 1. Through Macedonia and Greece (20:1-6)

2. In Troas: The Raising of Eutychus (20:7-12) 3. From Troas to Miletus (20:13-17) 4. In Miletus: Farewell Message to the Ephesian Elders (20:18-38) a. Paul’s Message (20:18-35) b. The Elders’ Response (20:36-38) 5. From Miletus to thesis, Tyre (21:1-6) 6. From Tyre to Caesarea (21:7-14) a. Staying with Philip (21:7-9) b. The Prediction of Agabus (21:10-14) 7. Thesis And Non Thesis! Arrival at Jerusalem (21:15-16) D. Paul In Jerusalem (21:17–23:30) 1. The Meeting with James and the Elders (21:17-26) 2. Poverty To Crime! The Arrest of Paul in the Temple (21:27-36) 3. The Address of Paul to the Crowd (21:37–22:21) a. The Request to Speak (21:37-40) b. Recounting His Conversion (22:1-11) c. Recounting His Call (22:12-21) 4. The Disclosure of Paul’s Roman Citizenship (22:22-29)

5. Paul before the Sanhedrin (22:30–23:10) a. Confrontation with the High Priest (22:30–23:5) b. Thesis Master! Dispute over the Resurrection (23:6-10) 6. Night Vision of the Lord (23:11) 7. The Plot to Kill Paul (23:12-22) a. Thesis_hook_header! The Plot by the Jews (23:12-15) b. The Revelation to the Romans (23:16-22) 8. The Protection of the Romans (23:23-30) a. Protection provided (23:23-24) b. Cover-Letter Written (23:25-30) E. Paul in thesis Caesarea (23:31–26:32) 1. A Roman Escort to Caesarea (23:31-35)

2. The Trial before Felix (24:1-26) a. Accusations of the Jews (24:1-9) b. Defense of Paul (24:10-21) c. Adjournment by Felix (24:22-23) d. Intermittent Interviews by Felix (24:24-26) 3. The Trial before Festus (24:27–25:12) a. Felix Replaced by Festus (24:27) b. Arrival of Festus in Jerusalem (25:1-5) c. Paul before Festus: Appeal to Caesar (25:6-12) 4. Consultation of Festus with Agrippa II (25:13-22) 5. Paul before Agrippa (25:23–26:32) a. The Briefing by anxiety, Festus (25:23-27) b. The Defense by Paul (26:1-23) 1) Introduction (26:1-3) 2) The Jewish Hope of Resurrection (26:4-8) 3) Paul’s Persecution of Christians (26:9-11) 4) Paul’s Conversion (26:12-18) 5) Paul’s Commission to the Gentiles (26:19-20) 6) Paul’s Arrest in thesis thesis Jerusalem (26:21) 7) Concluding Appeal (26:22-23) c. To Crime Essays! Interchange between Festus, Paul and Agrippa (26:24-29) d. Paul’s Innocence and the Irony of thesis thesis his Appeal to Caesar (26:30-32)

F. The Voyage to Rome (27:1–28:10) 1. The Shipwreck (27:1-44) a. Setting (27:1-12) 1) From Caesarea to Myra (27:1-5) 2) From Myra to thesis_hook_header, Fair Havens in Crete (27:6-8) b. Warnings of Imminent Shipwreck (27:9-26) 1) The Season: After the Day of Atonement (27:9a) 2) Paul’s Warning (27:9b-12) 3) The Storm (27:13-20) 4) Paul’s Vision (27:21-26) c. The Shipwreck on Malta (27:27-44) 1) A Foiled Escape by the Sailors (27:27-32) 2) A Last Meal on and non thesis master Board (27:33-38)

3) The Ship Runs Aground (27:39-41) 4) All Safe Ashore (27:42-44) 2. On Malta (28:1-10) a. Essay Stranger! Paul’s Snake Bite (28:1-6) b. Paul’s Miracles (28:7-10) G. Paul In Rome (28:11-31) 1. Arrival at and non master Rome (28:11-16) 2. Paul’s Proclamation to the Jews (28:16-24) 3. Paul’s Proclamation to the Gentiles (28:25-28) H. Conclusion of Book Seven (28:30-31) 1 In particular, Apollonius’ Canon and its corollary suggest that (1) in Greek, normally both the nomen regens and the nomen rectum either have the article or lack it; and (2) when both lack it, the sense is still usually definite for both (hence, “ The Acts of the Apostles”).

2 Guthrie, 114. For more arguments on Lukan authorship based on external evidence, cf. our discussion of Luke. 3 G. B. Caird, Saint Luke , 16-17. 4 Cf. the various studies by Hort, Metzger, Aland, Snodgrass, Holmes, and especially Thomas Geer. 5 So B. M. Metzger, personal conversation (March 1989); cf. Wipf Dissertation! also his The Canon of the New Testament and The Text of the New Testament . 6 Although ancillary to this paper, this conclusion also helps to thesis and non thesis master, establish the Western text as very early—going back deep into the second century ( contra Aland-Aland, Text of the New Testament ). 7 See Guthrie for an expanded treatment, 115-19. This section is merely a distillation of Guthrie’s arguments.

8 For an additional piece of (external) evidence for common authorship, cf. the last paragraph in our discussion of essays external evidence. 10 C. H. Talbert, Literary Patterns, Theological Themes and thesis and non the Genre of Luke-Acts , 17. Talbert notices, for example, that both Jesus and Paul are well received by the populace; they both enter the temple in a friendly manner; the Sadducees do not believe in the resurrection, but the scribes support Jesus/Paul; they both “take bread, and after giving thanks, break it”; a mob seizes Jesus/Paul; Jesus/Paul is slapped by the priest’s assistant; each undergoes four trials. 11 Ibid., 23. Paper Writers Com! Although we would affirm this statement of Talbert, there is one caveat : Talbert goes on thesis to suggest that Luke created much of his material, while we would argue instead that he selected and arranged it. The purpose for this will be seen when we look at Acts, but suffice it to say here that it would certainly create in Theophilus a sympathy for paper writers com Paul. 12 This can be further seen in that the gospel itself displays an incredible internal structure, as does Acts. Thus the supposition that two different authors wrote these books means that the mimic is even more brilliant than the original author! 15 This is doubtful, however, since only in c. 60 would Luke have met Mark, if Mark had been in Rome since the mid-50s. Nevertheless, upon meeting him after having employed his gospel to write his own, Luke would have certainly become his friend. Luke’s favorable attitude toward Mark—not just personally but as a reliable source on the life of Jesus—might be implied in thesis and non thesis master his calling Mark an “assistant” ( ???????? ) in Acts 13:5. “Luke’s term frequently designates a man who handles documents and delivers their content to men . . Behavior Of Television! .” (Lane, Mark , 22).

Lane goes on to mention Acts 26:16 where Paul is appointed as a ???????? and witness to thesis master, the truth, and Luke 1:1-2 where “the evangelist links the servants [ ???????? ] of the word with those who were the eyewitnesses and guarantors of apostolic tradition.” The connection of paper writers ???????? with both Mark and Luke’s sources suggests that Mark’s Gospel may well have been one of those sources which Luke used to compile his gospel—and one which he himself deeply appreciated. 16 Style and Literary Method of Luke. 17 It has been frequently quipped that Cadbury earned his doctorate by taking away Luke’s! 20 There is another subtle indicator of Luke’s race. In Acts 16, after the beginning of the and non master first “we” section (16:11-17), Luke mentions that he was with Paul in Philippi up to the time that Paul cast out the evil spirit from the servant girl (v. 17—“she followed Paul and us”). Then, in camus 16:19, the person changes from first to and non master, third (“her owners . . . seized Paul and Silas”). Anxiety Homework! In vv.

20-21, the thesis and non thesis master reason why Paul and Silas were singled out becomes clear: “These men are Jews and they are disturbing the city. They advocate customs which it is anxiety, not lawful for us Romans to accept or practice.” On the assumption that the “we” sections should be taken at face value, and that Luke was a Gentile, the fact that Luke was not seized makes perfect sense—for the point of vv. And Non Thesis Master! 20-21 has its sting in the fact that Paul and Silas are Jews . (What may further confirm this is paper writers com, that Timothy is thesis and non master, not mentioned here [though he might not have been with the missionaries in Philippi] And Timothy was a half-Jew.) In the least, if one wants to deny that Luke was a Gentile, he must explain why the first person plural is used in 16:17, but is immediately switched to third person when the stranger Philippians make their accusation against the missionaries on the basis of their race. 21 Guthrie mistakenly says that Luke was possibly from Philippi, supposing that the ‘we’ sections start there (118-19). 22 However, more than one church father thought that Luke came from Antioch. Even codex D suggests this, for thesis master it begins the ‘we’ material at Acts 11:28! 23 We will deal with this issue in our introduction to Galatians. 24 We will deal with this issue in our introduction to 1 Thessalonians.

25 The customary approach in critical circles when faced with such discrepancies is to give the paper com benefit of the doubt to Paul, since his material is autobiographical. No doubt this is partially legitimate, though one ought not discount the fact that Luke is selective in his portraiture of Paul—and, in fact, that Paul is selective in what he wants to say, too! If they make different selections, this does not prove either one at fault necessarily. 27 One thinks in thesis thesis particular of stranger camus Luke 2:19 (“Mary kept all these things in her heart”), in which Luke probably used the mother of Jesus as his source for the early life of the Messiah. (This is not only suggested by Luke 2:19, but it is and non thesis master, corroborated by the highly Semitic Greek of these first two chapters, which disappears once Luke gets to chapter 3.) 28 This also is a historical problem, as we saw earlier, though it is sufficiently difficult to robert, warrant a discussion here. 29 There is and non thesis master, another discrepancy (or silence) between Paul and Luke-Acts that has been bantered about at SBL meetings in recent years: the lack of a substitutionary atonement in Luke-Acts (note in thesis statement about behavior effects particular Luke’s omitting of Mark 10:45), while Paul is quite strong on this point. And Non Thesis Master! It may be that either this was not the key to paper, Christ’s death for thesis Luke, even though he embraced it; or he may have not fully grasped its significance; or he perceived that Theophilus would not appreciate its significance (or even that it was ancillary to the thrust of Luke-Acts). 30 R. Essay Stranger! N. Thesis Master! Longenecker, The Acts of the Apostles , in vol. 9 of paper writers com The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, 226. Thesis! It should be noted that Longenecker is emphasizing a different perspective (he is dealing with history rather than theology per robert dissertation, se , and Paul’s autobiographical statements as opposed to thesis and non master, Luke’s biographical remarks regarding Paul’s miracles), but his point is still valid for theological concerns as well.

31 Longenecker adds a helpful analogy: “The situation is somewhat comparable to Plutarch’s treatment of the robert wipf members of the Roman family Gracchus in his Parallel Lives and Appian’s depiction of and non master these same leaders in his Civil Wars . While both wrote in thesis statement about the second century A.D., Plutarch was interested in thesis and non thesis the Gracchi primarily as statesmen whereas Appian was interested in them as generals. So their differing interests drastically affected each writer’s selection and shaping of the material and the impact of each one’s work. Yet there is thesis_hook_header, also a large body of agreement between Plutarch’s and Appian’s treatment of the thesis master Gracchi” (226-27). 32 Thucydides I.22:1-4 is the relevant text (my translation follows): “And concerning whatever each of these men actually said, either when they were about to engage in paper writers com battle or when they were already in it, the precise accuracy of thesis what was said has proved itself difficult to remember—both for me, of what I myself heard, and regarding those things which were reported to me from thesis_hook_header other locales. But as it seemed to thesis and non thesis, me that since each of these men had something especially fitting to say concerning the ever-present circumstances, by adhering as closely as possible to the general intent of what was truly said, [the speeches] were thus recorded.”

Contrary to the popular conception held by many NT scholars, it is evident from this statement that Thucydides did not invent speeches ex nihilo. My reading of this text suggests that speeches really were made, though their precise wording was often too elusive to get down on anxiety paper. Yet, as difficult as it was to record the ipsissima verba , Thucydides did attempt to give the ipsissima vox . 33 Plutarch is another parallel of one who sought to give the ipsissima vox , though not necessarily the ipsissima verba . Cf. Plutarch’s Lives: Alexander 1.1-3 (my translation follows): “In this book we are writing about the life of thesis master Alexander the king and wipf that of thesis Caesar, [the latter] by whom Pompey was destroyed. Because of the vast number of acts which are to be set forth, we will say nothing beforehand other than that we ask the readers not to dissertation, criticize [our efforts] if we do not report everything in precise detail of their well-known deeds, but abridge most of them. For we are not writing histories but biographies. And in the most distinguished deeds [of these men] there is not always evidence of excellence or of evil. But often a small deed or a quip or some pastime has made an impression [on me] of one’s character far more than battles in which tens of thesis master thousands die, or even than the essay camus greatest campaigns or sieges of cities.

Therefore, in the same way that those who paint the likenesses of one’s face and of facial features—by which one’s character is revealed—draw their picture reflecting minimally on thesis thesis master the remaining parts [of the body]; so also one must allow us to penetrate the windows of the soul and, through these windows, to portray each life, leaving the highs and lows [of these individuals] to thesis_hook_header, others.” The key statement here is master, that Plutarch felt it thoroughly appropriate not “to report everything in precise detail . To Crime Essays! . . but [to] abridge most of them.” 34 See our discussion of some of the linguistic similarities in the introduction to those books. 35 Guthrie writes: “The only thesis and non thesis master, Acts speech which bears any analogy to the situation behind the Pauline epistles is statement about, Paul’s address to the Ephesian elders at Miletus. And it is significant that this speech approximates most closely to Paul’s epistles in language and thought” (123, n. 5). 36 I have not seen this argument in print, though I believe it bears quite a bit of and non force. It is rather obvious that the author of Acts had an extremely high view of Paul. If so, and if he had access to Paul’s letters (a supposition that becomes increasingly probable the later this book is dated), why would he seemingly contradict Paul at so many points?

If we are to believe the skeptics, he has contradicted Paul—but he’s also written at least thirty years after Paul’s genuine epistles (the Hauptbriefe ) were published? This is a blatantly self-contradictory supposition. Further, the argument that some suggest, viz., that Acts was written to reinstate Paul’s letters among the churches, suffers from the camus same self-destructive inconsistency—except that here an explicit knowledge of Paul’s letters is assumed! 37 It is certainly doubtful that he became a physician afterwards ! 38 This is not nearly as weighty an argument as the converse, viz., that Matthew should be dated near to the time of Luke. Some circularity is surely involved if neither gospel has better arguments in favor of an thesis early date than this! In our view, however, the internal evidence within Acts becomes the single most important factor in the dating of the synoptic gospels. And since Acts is directly related to paper writers, Luke, the argument of master Luke’s date derived from when Matthew was written carries less weight (though still, some weight should be given to the difficulty of placing Matthew’s Gospel after 70 in essay camus light of the special problems involved in his Olivet Discourse). 42 See our discussion of the authorship of 2 Peter for data.

44 There may be some merit to the suggestion, however. Luke might have intended ?????? to thesis, indicate a third volume—rhetorically, not literally. For the writers details of this proposal, see our discussion of purpose/occasion. 47 As quoted by Robinson, 89-90. 48 The codex form was not invented until the and non middle of the first century. Thus although it is possible that Luke employed it, it is extremely doubtful—especially since his prologue to Acts mentions “the first book” in conscious imitation of ancient historians who wrote their multi-volume works on scrolls. Further, although almost all of the extant NT MSS are in codex form (all but three), the earliest is c. 100-150 (P 52 ), giving no help to first century practices. Finally, the vast bulk of extant second century (secular) writings is in paper writers com scroll form, indicating that even though the codex might have been invented in the first century, it really did not “catch on” until the second or third. (Incidentally, the great probability that Mark was written on a scroll nullifies any notion that the end of his gospel was somehow lost. He meant to end it at 16:8.) 49 The Gospel ends with the ascension and the Acts virtually begins with it.

50 In fact, there is really no substantial reason to deny that Luke and Acts might have been sent to Theophilus at exactly the same time. That there is some transition between Luke and thesis master Acts (the repetition of the ascension) would be only thesis_hook_header, natural if Luke expected the work to be copied onto two scrolls; but this repetition does not need to suggest any gap in date any more than a modern author’s initial paragraph at the beginning of , say, chapter four summarizing the conclusion of chapter three implies any interval. 51 Cf. its use in master Acts 23:26; 24:3; and 26:25 of the Roman governors Felix and Festus. 52 In particular, the exoneration at almost every turn of the Romans and thesis_hook_header the heavy blame on the Jews throughout both works, coupled with a quite universal outlook (culminating in the legitimacy of the Gentile mission of Paul—especially after repeated attempts to bring the gospel in each town first to thesis and non thesis master, the Jews), render this judgment certain. 53 Cf. the helpful discussion in Caird, Luke , 44. 54 Although Theophilus could mean “loved by God,” since the NT nowhere speaks of God having ????? , ????? toward unbelievers, to call this man “loved by God” probably implies that he was a believer. On the other hand, if Theophilus means “one who loves God” then this, too, suggests that he is a believer. That Luke plays on names in essay camus his second volume (cf. Thesis And Non Master! Talbert’s work, and classnotes of student in Zane Hodges’ “Acts” [Dallas Seminary, 1978]) suggests that the name here is stranger camus, symbolic, too. 55 The issue is quite complicated and cannot be divorced from a carefully nuanced view of the multiple purposes of both Luke and Acts. One of the issues which seems to have been neglected is the amount of time Luke spends on Peter in thesis master Acts, and then parallels this with events in the life of Paul.

It is as if Luke is trying to show that Paul is as much an apostle as is Peter. Anxiety! If so, then this presupposes that Theophilus had already embraced a Petrine form of Christianity . Thesis And Non Thesis! We will discuss this in our look at the purpose of poverty leads to crime Acts, but suffice it to say here that Theophilus is in all probability a believer, though he had had doubts about Paul. 57 See Longenecker’s treatment for an expanded list of options. 58 Again, this does not deny a more long-range perspective on the part of Luke which included a more general apologetic as well as a historical aim. Our contention, however, that the master catalyst for the writing of Acts was the upcoming trial of Paul. 59 See especially A. N. Sherwin-White, Roman Society and Roman Law in homework the New Testament , 108-19.

61 C. H. Talbert, Literary Patterns, Theological Themes and the Genre of and non Luke-Acts . 62 Guthrie, 373. Guthrie cites D. Ladouceur, “Hellenistic Preconceptions of Shipwreck and Pollution as a Context for Acts 27–28,” HTR 73 (1980) 435-49; and dissertation G. B. Miles and G. Trompf, “Luke and Antiphon: The Theology of Acts 27–28 in the Light of Pagan Beliefs about Divine Retribution, Pollution and and non thesis master Shipwreck,” HTR 69 (1976) 259-67. 63 For the best treatment on this subject, cf. C. H. Thesis_hook_header! Talbert, Literary Patterns, Theological Themes and the Genre of thesis and non master Luke-Acts , 15-23. 64 It seems to be Luke’s intention to draw out the parallel.

At the conclusion of each message, the author tells us that “they were cut to the heart” (2:37; 7:54, though a different verb is used each time). The point seems to be that the anxiety homework reason for Stephen’s death lay not with him, but with his audience which responded incorrectly. 65 His appearance in thesis Acts 15 is for the purpose of sanctioning the Gentile mission. He is not there functioning as a “witness.” 66 That this reading of thesis_hook_header Acts is derived from the author’s intention can be seen by thesis thesis, his establishment of this very motif in Acts 10–11: since the Gentiles had experienced the same thing as the Jewish believers, their faith must be just as genuine.

In fact, it is statement, probable that the Cornelius incident, since Peter was involved both times (the event and its retelling), is Luke’s way of setting up Theophilus for accepting the legitimacy of Paul and his mission. 67 See introduction for a more detailed discussion of our views. 68 See our introduction (under “Purpose”) for discussion and bibliography. 69 There are several different ways to outline Acts, all of which yield satisfactory results: (1) personally: centered on the two main apostles, Peter and Paul; (2) geographically: from Jerusalem, to thesis and non, Judea, to Samaria, to the ends of the earth; (3) progressively: centering on Luke’s seven “progress reports.” Each one of these is legitimate and, as we have suggested for other NT books, Luke’s organizational scheme is more multiple-concentric than straight-linear. That is to say, Luke is developing three distinct motifs all at once: the role of Peter and Paul (thus, two main sections can be detected), the expansion of Christianity according to the outline seen in Acts 1:8, and progression at certain climactic moments. The ideal way to wipf, outline this book—as with so much of and non master ancient literature—would be to draw three overlapping circles, each of which expands concentrically as the book unfolds. Any straight-linear outline (such as the one used here) cannot adequately handle all of the motifs.

70 The outline from this point on will be geographical, focusing on robert wipf Paul’s missionary journeys. At times it will be quite pedantic (with even a sub-point repeating the same content as a main point). But this should highlight the major places Paul visited, as well as show the route he took to get there.

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Lear 45XR: The Swiss Army Knife of Jets. Refining and redefining the super-light jet category. And then we'll drop down to, oh … 15,000 or so and do some stalls if you're up for it, Learjet demo pilot Chris Barnett said casually during our preflight briefing. As a jet pilot for many years, I've tried to keep the words jet and stalls in separate corners of the universe. Are we really going to stall this airplane — intentionally? I asked myself. Yes, we were.

And yes, we did. One of the big takeaways after flying the Lear 45XR is the wing. It's a nicely balanced combination of fuel efficiency, runway performance and high- and low-speed handling qualities. At 15,000 feet, with a large block altitude assigned by thesis ATC in which to play, I pulled the robert, thrust levers back to idle and and non let the aircraft decelerate through the visual and aural low-speed warnings and, finally, stick shaker. I continued to hold the control yoke in my lap until is was full back — and the airplane just began to sink at 3,000 to 4,000 fpm, with no aggressive tendency to com pitch down or roll off on a wingtip; that's a very benign stall for a jet. Lear is proud to tout the fact that its test pilots did more than 3,000 stalls during certification flights to dial in the qualities that I witnessed. I'd say their efforts paid off; this is a very comfortable jet aircraft at slow speeds that can also fly fast and and non efficiently when asked. I hope you'll never even get close to stalling the Lear 45XR when you're transporting corporate passengers to their Very Important Meetings, but that demo quickly created a high level of comfort for me after only a short time in the aircraft.

That kind of comfort makes it a lot more likely pilots will use the aircraft for paper com, those shorter runways that we're often asked to accommodate. The Lear 45 was first certified in master, 1998 under FAR Part 25, transport category rules. Paper Writers Com! When compared with FAR Part 23 aircraft, this translates into more robust system redundancy; it also guarantees performance numbers in the aircraft's POH. The identical but 24.5-inch-shorter sibling, the and non thesis master, Lear 40, was first delivered in 2003. More than 525 of the two models have been delivered, which means all the inevitable new airplane bugs should be worked out by now.

The XR version of the Lear 45 was first delivered in 2004 and includes up-rated TFE731-20-BR engines flat-rated at 3,500 pounds of essay stranger, thrust at 104 degrees F, up from the original Lear 45's rating of 86 degrees F. This power increase reduced balanced field length, especially under high and hot conditions and, of course, improved the aircraft's climb performance. The XR upgrade also upped the gross weight by a thousand pounds, greatly increasing the type's utility. Variations of the TFE731 engines have powered various jets for decades and have proved to be reliable and efficient. The 45XR's engines are equipped with a DEEC, or digital electronic engine control, which governs N1 speed and limits fuel during acceleration and deceleration, making power management a simple task. There is an engine synchronizer that keeps the big fans synced and passengers happy; it's a good thing, since engine noise is not easy to detect from the cockpit. During the walk-around inspection, you'll notice large, fixed surfaces, called delta fins, extending prominently below the and non thesis, tail of the poverty leads, aircraft. They greatly increase the pitch-down moment at thesis and non thesis master high angles of attack and add to the yaw stability of the aircraft; because of these fins, there is only a single yaw damper installed, and it is not required for dispatch as on many other jets. The Lear 45XR's wing is a beautiful, 13-degree-swept, supercritical airfoil that looks like it was carved from a single bar of Ivory soap; in fact, the upper and lower skins are machined from statement effects a solid piece of aluminum. It has no fences or leading edge slats, yet it does have vortilons along the leading edge to and non thesis prevent spanwise flow, and interesting little metal triangles along the leading edge to prevent flow separation at high angles of attack. Essay Stranger Camus! The entire polished leading edge is heated by bleed air (as are the horizontal-tail leading edges). Gracefully swept winglets add to the wing's slow speed abilities and boost its efficiency at thesis and non thesis master high altitude by about 20 percent.

This is anxiety not your father's Learjet wing. A single point pressure refueling system (SPPR), located under the thesis and non thesis, right engine pylon, is a welcome addition to an airplane in this category; the leads to crime, entire 904-gallon fuel system can be filled in thesis and non, about 10 minutes, expediting quick turnarounds. The fueling panel and associated valves are powered by the emergency battery bus, thus obviating the need for the aircraft system to homework be powered when filling the tanks. That's a nice feature. Something else that will be welcomed by any corporate pilot or ground crewman who has juggled a too-full potty or collection bag down the aisle of a corporate jet is an external access door to service the potty.

Oh, the simple things! Another great addition to this aircraft is the Honeywell APU, located above the baggage compartment. And Non Thesis Master! When operating in the boonies, where conditioned air and thesis_hook_header electrical power carts are often scarce, an APU makes you more self-sufficient. It is approved for use only on the ground, burns just 150 pounds of fuel per hour, provides electrical and pneumatic power, and can easily precool or preheat the 410-cubic-foot cabin before passenger arrival. That's a big deal for corporate pilots dedicated to passenger comfort. The Lear cockpit is tight, requiring a bit of thesis, dexterity to step over the center console, around the floor-mounted control column and into paper writers com the seat - without banging your head. The rudder pedals are electrically adjustable, and the pilot seat is adjustable both vertically and horizontally.

Many Lear pilots, including Chris, sit a little below the optimum eye height to give themselves more headroom. You sit quite close to thesis thesis master the sharply swept windshield, which provides excellent visibility, but I bumped my head several times on the left side of the leads to crime, headliner as I adapted to the limitations of my new cockpit space. Engine starts are simple. Just press and release the guarded start button for each engine and monitor as the DEEC schedules the proper amount of thesis and non thesis master, fuel; if the start goes badly, the paper writers com, thrust lever is lifted and pulled aft. This aircraft has digital nosewheel steering, which, admittedly, takes some getting used to; the variable-rate system allows 60 degrees of steering authority at slow speeds and is limited to just seven degrees of travel at thesis and non thesis master more than 70 knots, which prevents overcontrolling. When moving slowly, full-scale application of paper writers com, rudder coupled with pressure on a sensor in the pedal allows the pilot to make very tight turns in thesis and non, confined ramps. At first, the system seems too sensitive, but with attention and finesse you can soon master it. Homework! Maybe even love it. The landing gear is a beefy, dual-wheeled, trailing-link arrangement, designed for an airplane weighing 36,000 pounds. It utilizes BBW (brake-by-wire) carbon brakes, and, as in any BBW system, the brakes don't feel like real (hydraulic) brakes because the feedback to your feet is through springs instead of hydraulic pressure. This takes some getting used to, and exerting maximum effort for thesis and non master, braking, it feels rather indefinite.

But the carbon brakes are powerful and contribute to the aircraft's impressive stopping and balanced field-length numbers. Chris claims the jet will stop in 800 feet at light weights, but on my two maximum-performance landing attempts, I didn't get anywhere near that mark — I didn't want to abuse Lear's nice, shiny demonstrator. To Crime! I did, however, turn off Wichita's Mid Continent Runway 19R at the same intersection I had used in my Cessna 185 when landing just hours before. The aircraft I flew was equipped with a small galley behind the pilot seats, a double-club seating arrangement with eight leather passenger seats and a fully enclosed potty, which can be used as an additional legal seat if needed. Opposite the thesis and non, potty is statement behavior a handy, 15-cubic-foot, in-flight-accessible baggage area. Though its demonstrator didn't have it, Learjet will soon offer SwiftBroadband Internet access, color cabin management system touch screens, an iPod docking station, newly redesigned crew seats, wireless electronic EFBs with optional GPS and thesis and non thesis XM Weather, and better Rosen visors in about of television, the cockpit. All interior appointments on thesis, this aircraft were elegant, with fit and finish appropriate to an aircraft costing more than $12 million.

Learjet does all of thesis_hook_header, its own interior completions in Wichita. The Lear 45XR is equipped with a four-screen Honeywell Primus 1000 avionics suite, with TCAS and EGPWS. The system is very intuitive and well-organized. All autopilot functions are controlled through the glareshield control panel. Thesis And Non Master! A centrally located EICAS (Engine Instrumentation and Crew Alerting System) calls the crew's attention to system operations and abnormal alerts. WAAS capability and paper electronic flight bags are available as options, though this aircraft didn't have them installed. No paperless chart option is available yet. One of the unique features of the and non, Honeywell Primus system is called third cockpit. In the unlikely event that both generators fail and statement about behavior effects of television the ship's battery is depleted, small, centrally located screens, called RMUs, or radio management units, display engine and system information and allow you to select VHF radios and even shoot an ILS. With two pilots and two passengers aboard and full fuel, our takeoff gross weight on and non thesis, Wichita's 10,301-foot Runway 19R was 20,450 pounds, about a thousand pounds below maximum takeoff weight; balanced field length was 5,530 feet. We could have taken five more 175-pounders and flown to paper writers Port-au-Prince, Haiti, with 1? hours of reserve fuel — or flown anywhere in thesis and non, the continental United States with generous reserves.

One area in which the aircraft really shines is the ability to robert wipf dissertation lift loads from a high-altitude airport and transport them a long way. For example, on a 72-degree day in 7,820-foot-elevation Aspen, Colorado, the 45XR can fly eight passengers anywhere in and non, the continental United States. It could fly those same eight passengers to the West Coast at temperatures up to poverty leads to crime essays 90 degrees. We used flaps eight for takeoff, and speeds were V1, 115; Vr, 118; V2, 128. After lining up on the centerline, the thrust levers are pushed three clicks to the takeoff thrust setting, and the single DEEC (digital electronic engine control) takes care of refining the power setting for thesis master, the day's temperature and writers com pressure altitude. All you do is monitor the engines for thesis thesis, exceedences, and drive. Acceleration was brisk even at our weight. Nosewheel steering on takeoff takes some finesse to make it smooth for about behavior effects, the passengers, but V1 and thesis and non master rotation come quickly. Paper Com! Rotation forces are surprisingly high for a small jet, but this makes proper pitch attitude easy to establish for initial climb; the aircraft just stays put. Thesis Thesis! Roll rates are a little heavier than on earlier Lears, though the initial breakout forces in roll are quite light. I hand-flew the thesis_hook_header, jet during the and non thesis, climb with numerous excursions to get the feel of the paper writers com, aircraft.

ATC was smiling on us and allowed an unrestricted climb to and non thesis FL 430. Statement About Effects Of Television! In spite of my maneuvering and and non thesis not caring if I climbed consistently on schedule, we reached FL 430 in 19 minutes; we could have reached this altitude without leveling off even at max weight. Wipf Dissertation! Once there, with ISA -4 degrees outside, the aircraft accelerated to Mach .80 and fuel flow was around 1,100 pounds per hour. I performed steep turns and purposely loaded the thesis, wing a bit to feel the wipf, low rumble of airflow separation, noting that the thesis and non thesis, low-speed airspeed foot on the primary flight display was never very close to our indicated airspeed; this indicates a comfortable margin above stall. Again, this added to my warm, fuzzy, comfortable feeling flying the Lear 45. To demonstrate the paper writers, impressive pressurization system, Chris set one engine at MCT and master pulled the other engine back to dissertation idle at thesis and non Flight Level 430; the cabin didn't even flinch. He then turned off the bleed air to thesis statement about behavior of television the engine he had pulled back. Again, the cabin pressurization didn't seem to care. And Non Master! So he turned all engine and wing bleed air on, further taxing the bleed air system, and the cabin was still stable.

That's impressive, and it's partly a result of the airplane having passed stringent certification requirements for operation at Flight Level 510. Though you probably won't regularly spend much time at FL 510, the capability is there when you are light (below 16,500 pounds or so). Realistically, the stringent requirements for FL 510 certification translate into a more robust pressurization system, with stronger cabin doors and a better emergency oxygen system. In the real world, you will probably fly this aircraft routinely in poverty to crime essays, the middle 40s, and and non master it's very capable of climbing straight to FL 430 or FL 450 at max weight. Once there, the aircraft will turn in a solid Mach .78 to .80 on about a thousand pounds of essay, fuel per hour, depending on temperature. Climbing to FL 470, our fuel flow dropped to 1,047 pounds per and non hour total, or approximately 156 gallons per hour. First landing was at paper writers about 18,300 pounds, and the aircraft made me look good with the forgiving trailing-link landing gear.

Approach speeds were initially 119 knots and lowered to 117 knots as we circled Wichita's pattern, doing multiple touch-and-goes. Single-engine departure, approach and landing were nonevents due to and non the excess climb performance of the aircraft. Rudder pressure with the engine pulled back was light, and I trimmed very little to compensate for the missing thrust. What an enjoyable airplane to thesis_hook_header fly. The Lear 45XR is an impressive combination of range, economy, load-carrying capability, comfort and price. It's a solid, mature design that offers a lot of bang for the buck in the super-light segment of the market shared with the Citation XLS. Thesis! From a pilot's perspective, it's simple and comfortable to fly and a very capable jet that makes the pilot look good because of all the anxiety homework, missions it will accomplish with aplomb. It's easy to see why pilots, companies and individual owners love this Swiss Army knife of jets. Many products featured on this site were editorially chosen. And Non! Flying Magazine may receive financial compensation for products purchased through this site. is part of the Bonnier Boating, Aviation Water Sports Group. Copyright 2017 Flying Magazine. Effects Of Television! A Bonnier Corporation Company. And Non Thesis Master! All rights reserved. Robert Dissertation! Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.