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How to create your focused, relevant CV. Three sections makes it easy and clear for the reader. EDUCATION: normally at the top (especially for ideal life, recent graduates entering the jobs market for the first time). Include awards under each relevant education section, for example, grant awards for vs aacomas statement, a DPhil, school prizes, undergraduate prizes or high rankings (‘2nd in of an life year’) EXPERIENCE (rather than “Employment”): this can include voluntary work, student society roles, internships, paid work etc INTERESTS or COMMUNITY ACTIVITY AND SKILLS should be included to indicate extra, diverse talents. Within this section, you might use sub-categories such as IT Skills (but only if they are specialist or unusual); Languages; Music; Sports etc. Remember that the CV is to get you the meeting or interview only, so don’t feel you have to include every last detail – leave them wanting to learn more about man you.
Specific things to leave out include: The words ‘Curriculum Vitae’ or ‘CV’ Date of birth and ideal essay, / or age Marital status, disability, children, partner, sexual preferences, sex, racial background, religion Home address Nationality – unless you want to show that you do have the Right to Work in the country in question Referees – this takes up space, they’ll assume you have them, there are probably other opportunities to the alchemist omens essay, record these details Basic IT skills: these days everyone can use the internet, word processing, spreadsheets etc to a competent level – but do include any super-advanced qualifications in MS Office and of course any specialist software like C++, SPSS etc Areas of potential, personal contention, e.g. My Idea Of An Ideal Life Essay! religious beliefs, political affiliation (though if you’ve worked for a political organisation this will obviously be mentioned under work experience) Soft interests such as ‘socialising with friends, cooking, reading, cinema’. If you do have deep and specialist interest in amcas vs aacomas one of these, then give more details: ‘French films of 1940-1960’ Aim to my idea of an ideal life essay, create powerful bullet points, with each bullet focused on amcas personal statement a single idea. Of An Ideal Life! Consider applying the the alchemist omens ‘CAR’ mnemonic. Context : the organisation name, your job title and dates is often sufficient. Action Words that demonstrate you took responsibility are useful for starting the bullet point, to highlight skills used – e.g. analysed, created, recommended, managed or led. See our list of action words on my idea life essay our Demonstrate You Fit the Job Criteria page for proposal thesis hukum, more. Results can often be linked within an individual bullet point.
The traditional – or ‘reverse chronological’ – CV is the most commonly used format. It often lists your education, experience and additional activities – with your most recent achievements first. The sections of the traditional CV will normally be as follows: Personal information – such as contact details – but NOT date of birth, sex, marital status etc. Life! Space may mean you should just list one contact detail, e.g.
Oxford email address (not [email protected]), and your mobile number Education Experience – the core of your CV Additional skills Interests. This format makes it easy for employers to spot relevant information fast and gives a complete picture of a candidate in a clear and structured way. Remember, however, that you can alter the titles to suit the application you are making. For example, you could use the heading “Teaching Experience” instead of “Experience” if you are applying for essay, a teaching job. Even if you don’t have much paid work experience, you can include voluntary work or contributions you have made to life essay, clubs or societies (inside or outside Oxford). In a skills-based CV, the information is arranged to statement, highlight relevant skills, with details presented under different skills categories.
A concise summary of my idea of an ideal essay your work history normally precedes or follows your relevant skills section, to provide context. This type of CV is used to omens, highlight the of an life essay transferability of essays personal philosophy your skills, and so is my idea of an ideal life useful if you are applying to a role without direct experience. We generally only recommend using this style if you have great experience, as a considerable amount of evidence is on european in africa required to make the skills sound meaningful. As such, it is normally used by: people changing career direction people transitioning from academia into industry or other sectors. However, a similar style may be useful if you are applying to life, your first ever piece of work experience and have had few positions of responsibility, as it allows you to emphasise transferable skills you have gained from studying at Oxford. If you are heading to north America, then you might need a resume rather than a CV.
They are very similar documents so use our CV guide, and supplement it with the information here to build a great CV into a great resume. Default page size – A4 (21cm x 29.7cm) is replaced by Letter (21.59cm x 27.94cm) Use ‘Page Layout’ options in Word (or equivalent) to change the size of your document page Cut down a piece of A3 paper to vs aacomas statement, size when checking out how it prints. Spelling – insure / ensure the resume is oriented / orientated to the readers’ spelling conventions: Set your default language to US or Canadian English to use your spelling and grammar check Watch out for common ‘Britishisms’ such as ‘analysed’ and ‘organised’ (both have a ‘z’ in ideal life North America) See Wikipedia’s page on personal statement spelling differences. Include a cover letter with a resume, unless you are told otherwise Write a considered and thoughtful thank you letter within 48 hours of any interview Convert your resume and cover letter into PDFs before sending them to an employer. The academic CV is very different from a CV used for non-academic job applications. My Idea Of An Life Essay! It focuses purely on your academic achievements and experience, and there is no page limit – although you should always keep it concise and relevant.
First, look at essay on european the skills and competencies that the hiring department / research group requires. You can identify these from the person specification, the job advert, or your own research. Is this a research or teaching only job? Or will you be doing research, teaching and administration (typical for lectureships)? Do they highlight any particular skill areas, such as organisation or team work? Look at what you need to do to apply. My Idea Ideal Life Essay! CVs are usually accompanied by cover letters, but they might also ask you to omens, submit an my idea of an ideal essay application form, research and/or teaching statement. Once you are clear what the employer wants, start to tailor your CV to the post. The following sections are typical for on early man, the academic CV: Personal Information . My Idea Of An Life! Start the thesis CV with your name, address, telephone number and email address. Essay! Research Interests . Write bullet points or a short paragraph summarising your research.
Education . Include degrees, possibly titles of hukum theses, and the names of ideal essay supervisors. Awards and the alchemist essay, Funding . Include undergraduate/postgraduate prizes, travel grants, doctoral scholarships, early career fellowships, and grants you have led on ideal or are named on. Research Experience . Include any post docs or fellowships and in africa, research assistant jobs. Ideal Essay! You might include more detail about your doctoral research in this section too. Teaching Experience . Note any lecturing, seminar, tutorial, supervising, demonstrating, mentoring experience, and in india essay, potentially non-academic teaching. Give details about the role and responsibilities – even if it was informal – such as level of my idea of an ideal life students, class sizes and topics you taught. Admin Experience . Highlight any conferences/seminars/reading groups you’ve organised, committees you have sat upon, and any other relevant administration experience. Relevant Training . Include academic teaching training, research methods training etc. Relevant research/technical/laboratory skills . You may find it useful to list these under one heading if you find yourself repeating throughout various sections. Patents . Proposal Hukum! Give details of the title, inventors, patent number and date granted. Professional memberships.
List these – e.g. the Royal Society of Chemistry or the British Association of American Studies. Include dates. Publications . Give full details as you would if citing them, and use a consistent style. You may wish to highlight (e.g. My Idea Of An Ideal! bold/underline) your name. Conference presentations and posters . Proposal Hukum! Highlight whether paper or poster and cite similarly to my idea of an life essay, your publications with full author list, title, date and location. Man! Referees . Ideally these should all be academic referees. Of An Ideal Life! They should be people who know you well and who are known in your field. Make sure the CV is essay on european imperialism in africa focused on academia. Ideal Life Essay! Only include non-academic work experience or extra-curricular activities and interests if you feel they are very relevant to the post you are applying for. You might include languages and IT skills if they are relevant. Essay On Early Man! You might include your nationality in your personal details if you think it will be an advantage – e.g. so that they know you are a European citizen and have the right to my idea of an ideal life essay, work in the UK.
If you have limited or no published work, consider including works in progress. Clearly label publications as ‘forthcoming’, ‘under review’ or ‘submitted’ if they are in process, but not yet in print or accepted. If you are unconcerned about giving your ideas away before they go to man, a publisher, you could have a separate heading for ‘Working Papers’ that you are preparing for publication but have not submitted yet. Include when and where you plan to submit them. If you have been invited to give seminars or conference papers, highlight under a separate heading. Translate jargon/acronyms that others might not understand, especially if applying abroad.
Make sure you read the “Top Tips” in “Standard CVs”, above, which are relevant to Academic CVs as well. Does your name stand out? (Write it at the top – no need to say “Curriculum Vitae”) Can you be easily contacted using the information you’ve given? Are there particularly relevant courses/projects/extended essays you could mention? Are A-levels and GCSEs summarised on one or two lines each? Have you given an indication of the my idea ideal equivalence or grading system of any non-UK qualifications? Are section headings tailored to the recipient? (e.g. Teaching Experience, Voluntary Work, etc.) Have you included greater detail on more relevant experience? Have you tailored your achievements and skills to the job?
Are your sentences punchy and concise? Have you followed the advice in our page on demonstrating you fit the job criteria? Is it clear what level of attainment you have in languages, IT, etc.? Are you able to hukum, use this section as another opportunity to demonstrate required competencies? Have you indicated your level of commitment?
Is this section headed “referees” and not “references”? If you are giving contact details – have you asked your referees’ permission? Does the section take up too much space? If so, put their details on a single line – for example: Dr M. Misra, Keble College, Oxford, OX1 1AB, [email protected], 01865 377778.
Does it look attractive at first glance? Would you want to read it? Would an employer want to read it? Does it fit on to one or two full pages? Has it been checked for accurate and of an ideal, consistent grammar and spelling?
Many recruiters will dismiss even the most qualified candidate if there is even one typo in the CV, cover letter or application form. Are fonts (type and size) consistent and not too small (11pt minimum)? Is the layout well balanced, with effective use of space, using the full width of the page? Broadly speaking, does the most relevant information occupy the essay on european imperialism in africa most space? Are dates reverse chronological if you are using this type of life essay format? Have you quantified your achievements? Have you checked for gaps in your history? We recommend you explain any significant time gaps in your CV. There is no right or wrong way of presenting your personal circumstances. You may have been travelling, working on an independent project (e.g. Essays Personal Philosophy! writing), been ill, or caring for others.
If it helps, speak with a Careers Adviser to identify the most effective way for ideal essay, you to present your circumstances on imperialism in africa a CV and/or cover letter as this will differ with each individual. Hold your CV at my idea of an ideal arms-length – does it look easy to read? Fold it vertically and scan the left side in 3 seconds. – Will the reader get the gist of your application? – Are your strongest responsibilities and achievements immediately visible? Check for jargon and acronyms, and over-long bullets – edit vigorously Is it the right length?
– Some employers ( e.g. investment banks) expect just one page, so check beforehand. – Aim for a maximum of two pages, except for an academic CV Save your CV as a PDF to ensure it keeps its beautiful formatting Finally, finally , take a break and amcas vs aacomas statement, then proofread – yes, again! Double check for typos and life, errors. Then send it off! It can take a number of on european revisions before you are happy with your CV, and of an ideal life essay, getting independent advice can prove very helpful: it might all make perfect sense to you, but you could be surprised by the things that others may question or not understand. Make an appointment and ask for feedback from a Careers Adviser. For sector specific advice about how to tailor your CV please refer to on european, our sector information. Putting Together the my idea of an Perfect Consulting CV – information sheet Careers Beyond Profit – How to Write a Winning CV – presentation slides CVs: A Brief Introduction – presentation slides. Our Resource Centre has a number of files and books on thesis CV writing that you may find useful. The Careers Service subscribes to GoinGlobal on behalf of Oxford students.
It features around 40 country guides. You can get advice on my idea of an ideal essay your CV from any of our Careers Advisers by booking an advice appointment. Most of our careers fairs also have CV Clinics, to get advice from recruiters. Prospects: CV Writing – has sample CVs, sample covering letters, and tips on what to include TARGETjobs: Applications and CV Advice Academic CVs: 10 Irritating Mistakes – a Guardian article, 2013 Vitae: Researcher CVs: A specialist resource for the professional development of researchers, including many example CVs for careers inside and outside academia Vitae: Academic CVs: Information specifically on academic CV writing jobs.ac.uk – more information on academic CVs. Everything You Need to in india, Know about Careers in Banking Consulting!
In collaboration with student societies at Oxford, The Careers Service is hosting two key events ahead of the onslaught of employer presentations, workshops and fairs to help you navigate careers in ‘the city’. On Tuesday 10 October we’ll be hosting ‘Careers in Consulting: Everything You Need to Know’ from 14.00 to 16.30 at Exams Schools. Hear from my idea of an, 3 very different firms (Strategy, Oliver Wyman and CIL Consulting) to learn what a week in the life of a consultant is on european like and gain key advice to be on of an ideal essay top of your game for competitive applications. Then on Wednesday 11 October from 14.00 to 16.30 at Exams Schools join us for ‘Careers in Banking: Everything You Need to Know’ where you’ll hear from a range of firms including HSBC, BNY Mellon, Jefferies and essay, Schroders. They will be giving vital tips on ideal life how to find your dream job in finance and illustrating what their day-to-day roles involve.
These events are being closely supported by omens a number of Oxford societies including the my idea of an ideal essay Finance Society, the Oxford Student Foundation and essay, The Oxford Strategy Group. No need to book, spaces are allocated on a ‘first-come, first served’ basis. Career Workshops for Researchers in Michaelmas. Positive steps in career development come from meeting others and learning. My Idea Ideal Life Essay! Researchers at Oxford can come to any of our events, but we also have bespoke opportunities for thesis, research Masters students, Research Assistants, DPhils and of an life, Post-Docs. These are listed below for Michaelmas Term. Also look out for Careers Days, invited speakers and imperialism in africa, skills sessions run by your department, division or post-doc network. For appointments with Rachel Bray or another Careers Adviser of your choice at the Careers Service on Banbury Road, please book through CareerConnect. Rachel Bray also offers regular appointments for scientists at the JR and Old Road Campus, bookable by phoning reception on 01865 274646.
Bookings for workshops/events should be through CareerConnect and if you have any queries please email [email protected] For: Research Assistants and Masters Students When: Thursday 5 October, 9.00 – 12.30 Where: The Careers Service Booking: This event must be booked. To reserve a place please go to CareerConnect. In this workshop we will look closely at the value of ideal doing a doctorate in today’s employment market and for ourselves as people. We will consider our personal motivations for this route, the challenges we may need to overcome to secure a place and how to thrive as a PhD student. There will also be opportunity to reflect on alternative pathways towards professional satisfaction.
Pointers towards further advice and support available here at Oxford and more broadly will be given. This event must be booked. Personal! To reserve a place please go to CareerConnect. Alternatively, book a place at our lunchtime seminar on this topic on my idea of an essay Monday 23 October. Career Management for Research Staff and DPhils.
Looking to manage your career more effectively? This workshop has been designed specifically for education in india essay writing, University Research Staff at all levels and at ideal life any stage in the alchemist essay their career, who want to life, step back and amcas vs aacomas personal, spend a few productive hours focusing on identifying their ideal job and future possible career paths within, or beyond, academia. An interactive mix of short individual exercises and small informal group discussions will help you to life essay, build a clearer picture of the omens essay key factors relating to your career and personal circumstances and to explore career pathways. The session will cover: reflections on my idea life essay where your career is right now; creating your ideal job; job satisfaction and career motivations; identifying your values and transferable skills; how to identify possible career pathways and move forward effectively. You will be encouraged to draw your insights together to begin a realistic personal career plan and to consider your next steps. [email protected] Oxford Careers Fair. Research students and staff planning to attend this fair are invited to book this pre-fair event. Depending on the number of bookings, this could be a workshop or one-on-one careers advice to discuss CVs, Cover Letters, Interviews, job search and networking, or strategies to get the essay on early most out of the my idea essay fair. Further information on the fair can be found on personal philosophy of teaching the Oxford Careers Fair page. The fair booklet for this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the of an ideal event.
[email protected] Finance Careers Fair. When: Tuesday 17 October, 13.30 – 14.30 Where: Lecture Room 2, Christ Church College (then to Fair in essay Town Hall) Booking: To reserve a place please go to CareerConnect. Research students and staff planning to attend this fair are invited to book this pre-fair event. Depending on the number of bookings, this could be a workshop or one-on-one careers advice to discuss CVs, Cover Letters, Interviews, job search and networking, or strategies to get the most out of the my idea of an ideal essay fair. Further information on the fair can be found on our Fairs page. The fair booklet for this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the event. [email protected] Management Consulting Careers Fair. When: Wednesday 18 October, 13.30 – 14.30 Where: Lecture Room 2, Christ Church College (then to essay on early, Fair in Town Hall) Booking: To reserve a place please go to CareerConnect. Further information on of an ideal life the fair can be found on personal philosophy of teaching our Fairs page.
The fair booklet for ideal, this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the event. Kickstart for Research Staff and their Partners/Newcomers. When: Friday 20 October, 13.00 – 16.00 Where: Careers Service Booking: To reserve a place Researchers should book through CareerConnect. Partners of education in india writing newcomers should call Careers Service reception on 01865 274646. A special careers workshop for those looking to my idea of an life, return to work after a long career gap or for a new direction, whether through re-location, other circumstances or choice.
We will cover job search strategies, document optimisation, networking and interview technique but we will also be exploring ideas and thesis, case studies on how to get into my idea of an ideal essay the market and freshen up your skills and on early, CV. My Idea Ideal Life Essay! Even if you are a few years from philosophy, getting back to work, come along! There are things you can be doing now to make that transition much easier when it comes. Open to anyone considering applying for a PhD. My Idea Of An Ideal Life Essay! In this session we’ll cover the steps you might take to essays personal philosophy, discover whether a PhD is the right course of action for you, and essay, discuss how to choose the best institution and programme for essays personal philosophy, you.
We’ll also briefly talk about the application process and funding. [email protected] Careers in of an ideal life Computing Fair. When: Tuesday 24th October, 14.00 – 15.00 Where: Department of Computer Science, Robert Hooke Building Booking: To reserve a place please go to CareerConnect. Research students and staff planning to attend the essays personal philosophy of teaching above fairs are invited to book at the relevant pre-fair event. Depending on the number of bookings, this could be a workshop or one-on-one careers advice to discuss CVs, Cover Letters, Interviews, job search and networking, or strategies to get the most out of the fair. Further information on the fair can be found on our Fairs page.
The fair booklet for this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the event. [email protected] Arts, Media and Marketing Careers Fair. Research students and staff planning to attend the above fairs are invited to book at the relevant pre-fair event. My Idea Life Essay! Depending on the number of bookings, this could be a workshop or one-on-one careers advice to proposal hukum, discuss CVs, Cover Letters, Interviews, job search and networking, or strategies to my idea of an ideal, get the most out of the fair. Further information on the fair can be found on our Fairs page.
The fair booklet for this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the event. [email protected] Science, Engineering and Technology Careers Fair. Research students and staff planning to attend the essays philosophy of teaching above fairs are invited to book at the relevant pre-fair event. Depending on the number of my idea ideal bookings, this could be a workshop or one-on-one careers advice to amcas vs aacomas statement, discuss CVs, Cover Letters, Interviews, job search and networking, or strategies to get the most out of an ideal, of the fair. Further information on the fair can be found on essays personal of teaching our Fairs page. Of An Ideal Life! The fair booklet for this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the event. [email protected] Teaching and Education Fair. Research students and staff planning to attend the omens essay above fairs are invited to book at of an ideal the relevant pre-fair event. Depending on the number of personal bookings, this could be a workshop or one-on-one careers advice to discuss CVs, Cover Letters, Interviews, job search and networking, or strategies to get the most out of the fair. Further information on the fair can be found on our Fairs page. Ideal Essay! The fair booklet for essay on early man, this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the event.
[email protected] Internship Fair. Research students and staff planning to attend the above fairs are invited to book at the relevant pre-fair event. Of An! Depending on essays philosophy the number of bookings, this could be a workshop or one-on-one careers advice to discuss CVs, Cover Letters, Interviews, job search and my idea of an ideal life essay, networking, or strategies to get the amcas personal most out of the ideal life essay fair. Further information on on european imperialism the fair can be found on my idea of an ideal our Fairs page. The fair booklet for essay man, this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the event. CV and Cover Letter Skills for Research Staff. This intensive workshop on producing effective CVs and Cover Letters is my idea ideal life specifically for doctoral students and research staff, whether you are considering an academic or non-academic career, or are undecided. Using a mix of individual and informal small group exercises, we will.
understand and essay imperialism, recognise the characteristics of effective CVs and cover letters critique the my idea ideal life strengths and weaknesses of their own and colleagues’ current CVs evaluate example CVs and cover letters to build their knowledge of different types and styles. Insight into Academia Seminar: Myths and Realities Panel. When: Tuesday 7 November, 13.00 – 14.00 Where: Careers Service Booking: You do not need to book a place at this event but popular events may fill early so arrive in good time. Are you considering an essay academic career? We will hear from a small panel of early- to mid-career academics about my idea of an their day-to-day roles, how they manage a work-life balance, and opportunities for on early, progression. Life! This is a chance to personal philosophy, ask questions and generate discussion on many aspects of being an academic. Academic Application and Interview Skills for Research Staff and DPhils. Are you a DPhil Student or Research Staff member planning to apply for of an ideal essay, academic jobs? Do you want advice on essays philosophy of teaching how to prepare academic applications and to improve your interview skills?
This workshop, designed specifically for University of Oxford researchers pursuing academic applications, is for you. This interactive course will equip you with the skills to maximise your chances of getting academic employment. Emphasis will be given to understanding the processes which universities use to my idea ideal life essay, select staff and the importance of tailoring CVs, applications, research and teaching statements accordingly. On European In Africa! We will discuss and practice the skills required for effective performance at interview; preparation, self-presentation and how to deal with typical academic interview questions. Follow up one-to-one career discussions can additionally be used to review intended applications and to prepare for particular interviews. Career Options for Mathematicians ( leading into Jobs for Mathematicians Careers Fair ) When: Tuesday 21 November, 15.15 – 16.00 Where: Mathematical Institute Booking: To reserve a place please go to my idea of an ideal, CareerConnect. Erica Tyson from the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications will outline the breadth of career options that opens up for people with outstanding skills in mathematics. It’s not only the essay on european imperialism financial and academic or teaching world that is hungry for this important skillset. My Idea Ideal Life! Increasingly, commercial, government and not-for-profit sector players of all kinds are keen to employ highly numerate, analytical and creative thinkers to understand and predict trends, plan and develop strategy and deliver smarter and more efficient solutions. You do not need to book a place at this event but please bear in vs aacomas personal mind that spaces will be allocated on of an life essay a first-come, first served basis and of teaching, popular events may fill early so arrive in good time.
DPhils and research staff are very welcome to this talk and to stay for the Maths Careers Fair. Dr Rachel Bray, Careers Adviser, will be available for half an my idea of an life essay hour after the omens talk to my idea life essay, discuss any questions that arise. Further information on personal the fair can be found on of an essay our Fairs page. The fair booklet for this year will be uploaded approximately a week before the event. Interview Presentation Skills for essay on european in africa, Research Staff and DPhils. New job or direction in ideal essay mind?
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Coffee and life essay, tea will be available from 9am and the workshop will start promptly at 9.30am. Lunch will be included. This programme is just for women, but note that we plan to run a mixed programme in Trinity Term for a mixed group of men and women. Tier 1 Graduate Entrepreneur Visa Endorsement – apply now! If you have an idea for essay, a business, have a venture currently in development, or are piloting a new concept, you may be eligible to of an, apply for our endorsement under the Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) visa scheme, which allows non-EEA nationals who are graduates or post-doctoral researchers to reside in the UK in order to develop their business. Previously endorsed businesses have included: Social enterprises and not-for-profits Technology start-ups Funding generation and personal, investment organisations Digital education tools Energy research. The University of of an essay Oxford can endorse up to thirty applicants per year. Calls for applications are held four times a year: once in each term, and once during the Long Vacation. Essay! The next deadline for life, applications is Thursday 30 November 2017 at proposal 12 noon . Applications are now open, and you can apply by email to [email protected], or via Symplicity (for Said Business School students), or via CareerConnect (for all other students/alum) using the following vacancy IDs: for Students: CareerConnect opportunity ID dnk94 for Alumni: CareerConnect opportunity ID 3v86d.
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am sayings essay As we reflect on the whole witness of the inerrant and infallible Scriptures, regarding the Person of my idea essay Jesus, we can see many elements and various passages that assert, affirm and the alchemist prove His divinity. For example, there are the Messianic prophesies, such as, Ps.2:7,12, which speaks of Him as God's Son. Ps.110:1 declares Him as lord, while Ps.45:6 and Isa.9:6 speak of Him as God. Of An Life Essay? Then there are the didactic passages, for instance, Jhn.1:1,14 speak of Jesus the proposal Christ being the Word and the Word also being divine (God), then becoming flesh [human]. Phil.
2:5-11 speaks of Him being the form of God and Heb. 1;2-3; Col. 1:15 declare that He is the radiance of the glory of God, the exact representation of His being and the image of the invisible God, while Heb. 1:8 boldly states that He is my idea of an essay, God, and 1 Tim. 3:16 asserts that this God appeared in a body.
We also have the narrative materials, such as, Mk. 2:27-28; Lk. 5:20; Jhn. 11:43-44, amongst many others, which testify that Jesus claimed divine prerogatives. These include, redefining the Sabbath, forgiving sin and raising the dead.!
However, besides His own bodily resurrection, I genuinely believe that it is in the I am sayings of Jesus that we are presented with some of the clearest assertions, affirmations and proof of His divinity. For in them we have the very words of essay on early man Jesus concerning His true identity. Here we have the self-disclosure of the Incarnate God. It is my idea of an ideal, with the assistance of the Apostle John, who recorded the very words of Jesus Christ as an eyewitness, along with other eminent theologians, that I seek to present this truth. I begin by stating that the implicit intentions of the Apostle John, in writing his version of the Gospel of Jesus the Christ, are to be found in Chapter 20 verses 30-31. There, John clearly states, Jesus did many more miraculous signs in the presence of amcas vs aacomas his disciples, which are not recorded in this book.
But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in of an life his name. So, we see that John's aim is two-fold. Firstly, it is revelatory, he seeks to reveal and amcas personal statement demonstrate that Jesus is the my idea of an ideal essay Christ, the Son of God. Secondly, it is essay on early man, evangelistic, he wants people to know the true identity of Jesus, so that you may have life in his name. Now, for the purpose of this essay, it is the initial aim of John that I want to highlight. My Idea Of An Ideal? As we have seen, John is seeking to prove that Jesus is the Christ, the personal philosophy of teaching Son of God, the Saviour of the world (4:42). And in his attempt to do so he enlists the life aid of many things. On European Imperialism? For example, the statements of witnesses, such as John the Baptist (1:29, 32-36), the Samaritan woman and villagers (4:39-42), Jesus (8:13-14), and God Himself (8:17; 12:28-30), accounts of the life, ministry and life works of Jesus, including His many discourses and His eventual death and resurrection. In Africa? He also introduced, or recorded, various miracles (signs) performed by Jesus, which are also recorded in the Synoptic Gospels.
However, it is he alone, of all the my idea of an life Gospel writers, who that gives an account of the sermonic discourses of Jesus, which shed light on the meaning of the message behind the miracles that took place. Hence John's use of the Greek word `semeion` [sign], rather than simply `dunamis` [miracle]. Now, included in these sermonic statements are some of the I am sayings, for example, I am the bread of life (6:35) and I am the resurrection and writing the life. Of An Ideal Essay? The remainder of the sayings took place during his verbal interactions with the in india essay writing people (8:12), the Pharisees (10:7, 9, 11), and His disciples (14:6; 15:1). Another thing which I seek to of an life draw the readers attention to is the education in india essay writing actual Greek words `ego eimi`, translated (I AM).
Leon Morris correctly states, Jesus uses an emphatic I AM to my idea ideal essay bring out important teaching about his person. In Greek, the personal subject of the personal verb is not normally expressed: the form of the verb makes clear what the subject is. Of An Essay? But if it is desired to emphasize the subject, then the appropriate pronoun may be used. Education Writing? What makes this so important in John is that we find a similar usage in the Greek translation of the Old Testament. There we find that the translators used the emphatic form of the speech when they were rendering words spoken by God. He then goes on to say, When Jesus used the I AM construction he was speaking in my idea of an life essay the style of deity.
And, There is essay on european, general agreement among Johannine scholars that this kind of language is a significant pointer to my idea life essay what John is vs aacomas statement, telling us about the person of Jesus. (1) In other words, when Jesus was using the I AM construction he was indicating His divinity, and in John recording His statements he was doing likewise. My Idea Ideal Life? Morris, also, correctly observes that there are two groups within the I AM sayings. One with the predicate and one without the predicate. Commenting on essay them he says, Both constructions are somewhat unusual, and the form a Johannine distinctive. Quoting J.H.Bernard, he goes on to say, This is clearly the style of Deity. Its force could at once be appreciated by one familiar with the LXX version of the Old Testament. (2) In examining both groups of the my idea of an ideal life I AM sayings, I would like to follow Morris's example and present the former group first and essay on early man the latter group second. The first of the notable I AM sayings, in the book of John, is I AM the bread of life (6:35).
This was uttered in the discourse which followed the feeding of the my idea ideal life multitude. During the discourse, Jesus tells the crowd, Do not work for food that spoils, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the on european imperialism Son of Man will give you (6:27). As He seeks to elicit their faith in Himself, He is met with a challenge to ideal life demonstrate His credentials. Proposal Hukum? (3) What sign do you do that we may see and believe?, they ask. To this they add, Our forefathers ate manna in the desert, as it is written: `He gave them bread to eat` (v.31). My Idea Life? They were obviously implying that Moses gave them the manna, for Jesus goes on to correct their misunderstanding. He states, I tell you the truth, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, but it was my Father (v.32). To that He adds, My father gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven (v.33). By this, Jesus was not only implying that God gave bread from heaven in the past and education writing continues to do so in the immediate present, but was also implicitly stating that He Himself is the bread of God come down from heaven (v.33). In apparent expression of some stirring of my idea of an ideal life spiritual desire they ask for this bread from heaven, though how earth- bound their understanding remains will emerge as the conversation continues. (4) Now, it is in response to their request that Jesus makes the astounding claim, I AM the bread of life, he who comes to me will never go hungry, and in india writing he who believes in me will never be thirsty (v.35).
This saying actually enshrines the essence of Jesus' message. He is the answer to the needs of the human heart. The bread of life implies the fundamental, elemental role Jesus claims to fulfil in relation to the yearning human spirit. For Jesus' bread was `the staff of life life`, the primary source of amcas vs aacomas personal nourishment. But since bread is a basic food universally, there is also the of an ideal implicit claim that he fulfils this role for everyone. He is (the Saviour of the amcas vs aacomas world) (5), and my idea life gives life to the world (v.33). Morris, interestingly, points out that the definite article, before the word bread, indicates the amcas personal fact that Jesus, and Jesus alone, is the one who is the bread of life. (6) While Milne states that, the bread of life also points to the satisfying nature of Jesus. (7) This is clearly seen in the corollary, never go hungry, and never be thirsty. All other bread, like manna in the wilderness, leave a sense of dissatisfaction.
The inner ache is not assuaged: we hunger again. By contrast Jesus, once tasted, obviates the need for of an ideal essay further satisfaction. In conclusion, we contend that in the claim, I AM the essays personal bread of life, Jesus is making His heavenly origins known, and the fact that He alone supplies the spiritual need of His hearers. This is the second I AM statement that is followed by a predicate. John has previously informed us, in the Prologue, that the Incarnate Word was the life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it (vv.4- 5). He once again picks up the light metaphor, and elaborates what he has previously said. John states that Jesus made the claim, about being the light of the world, and other similar statements, on various occasions.
For example, 8:12; 9:5; 12:35-36, 46. Although John does not actually identify exactly when Jesus maid the claim in 8:12, he does tell us where He made it. He gives the Feast of Tabernacles, and the possibly the temple courts, as the backdrop to this eventful drama (7:14). During the celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles, two major religious, and of an ideal essay highly symbolic, ceremonies took place. Amcas? The first was the out- pouring of water on the west side of the alter, by the Levitical priests, as the my idea choir sang the Great Hallel (Ps. 113-18). (8) The second was the lighting of several large candels in the temple precint.
John indicates that Jesus took the opportunity of using these two symbols to illustrate His teachings (7:37-38; 8:12). The light metaphor is steeped in Old Testament allusion. The glory of the very presence of God in the cloud led the people to the promised land (Ex. 13:21-22), and protected them from the alchemist, their enemies (Ex. Of An Ideal Life? 14:19-25). The Israelites were trained to sing, the LORD is amcas vs aacomas personal statement, my light and my salvation (Ps. 27:1). The Word of God, the law of God, is a light to guide the my idea life essay path of those who cherished instruction (Ps.
119:105; Pr. 6:23); God's light is shed abroad in revelation (Ezk. 1:4,13,26-28), and salvation (Hab. 3:3-4). Light is Yahweh in action (Ps. 44:3). Isa tells us that the Servant of the LORD was appointed as a light to the Gentiles, that He might bring salvation to thesis the ends of the earth (Isa. 49:6).
The coming eschatological age would be a time when the LORD Himself would be the light of His people (Isa. 60:19-22; cf Rev. 21:23-24). Ideal Life Essay? Perhaps Zech 14:5b-7 is in india, especially significant, with its promise of continual light on the last day, followed by the promise of living water flowing from Jerusalem-this passage probably forming part of the litergical reading of the my idea of an ideal life Feast. So, with these verses in mind and in the context of such powerful ritual, Jesus' declaration must have come with stunning force. (9) What is also stunning is the note of universality about the claim. He is not simply the light of the Jews, but the light of the World. This reference to light is personal of teaching, not just physical or moral light. As Morris correctly points out, that when Jesus declared, If anyone walks in my idea of an ideal life the night, he stumbles, because the essay light is of an ideal life, not in him (11:9-10), that the reference to essay on early man the light not being in him, shows that we have moved from my idea of an, physical illumination to personal of teaching spiritual truth. He then comments, Jesus is my idea of an ideal essay, telling his hearers that those who reject him, who do not take him into essay writing their lives are in grave danger. (10) By way of summary, we contend that in each of the I AM the of an essay light of the world passages, the main thought is that Jesus is the only light and that people must respond to amcas the coming of the light by giving him a welcome and believing in my idea ideal him. Amcas Vs Aacomas? Apart from my idea, that they are lost eternally.
That Jesus is the light of the whole world and that people's eternal destiny depend on their reaction to vs aacomas personal him tell us something very important about him. (10) The next I AM saying of Jesus is found in the context of a disputive discourse with the Pharisees. We see in chapter 9 Jesus healing the blind man, who is subsequently excommunicated for defending Jesus and who eventually believes in Him (vv.34-38). After this miraculous sign, and the subsequent ill treatment of the former blind man by my idea of an life the Pharisees, Jesus contrasts Himself with the religious leaders of His day, whom He terms as thieves and robbers. This contrast is dressed in the form of a figure of education speech (v.6), which consists of of an ideal some very striking metaphors. For example, sheep pen (10:1), shepherd (v.2), watchmen (v.3) and door, or, gate (v.3). Despite the vividness of the personal metaphors, the Pharisees did not grasp Jesus' point (v.6).
Therefore, Jesus, seeking to explain His message and expand its meaning , not only elucidates, but also amplifies and inter-relates the metaphors. For example, He now claims, I AM the door (by which the sheep of the sheep pen enter) (v.7). Previously, He spoke of Himself as the shepherd (v.2), which HE will do again with a further modification (v.10). What does Jesus mean when He says I AM the door.? In order to answer this, we may find it helpful to remind ourselves that a sheep pen normally has one doorway, and that the my idea ideal life shepherds of the Near East often slept in the doorway, acting as the personal philosophy door itself. Its is plain to see then, in order for ideal the sheep to enter the pen they would obviously have to enter through the doorway, and essays personal philosophy metaphorically speaking through the shepherd. Thus in answer to our question, we see that Jesus is saying He Himself, and no other, is the means by which the sheep may enter into the promised fulness of life (vv.9-10). For as Morris points out, Jesus says He is the door, not a door. There is something exclusive about the door.
He is life essay, saying that the way into life goes through him, and him alone. He is the door. Amcas Personal? (11) This is further emphasized when Jesus says, The thief only essay comes to man steal and life essay kill and amcas vs aacomas statement destroy; I have come that they may have life; and ideal essay have it to the full. This is a proverbial way of insisting that there is only one means of receiving eternal life, only one source of knowledge of essay imperialism God, only one fount of spiritual nourishment, only one basis for ideal life essay spiritual security-Jesus alone. (12) Jesus also said, If anyone enters through me, he will be saved, and go in and go out, and find pasture (v.9). Although He does not explain what He means exactly by saved, we can take it as meaning having eternal life. The Alchemist? For we find the two concepts of being saved and having eternal life linked in Jhn 3:16-17. Therefore, expositional consistency demands that we understand a similar linkage here. Thus in conclusion, as Morris has so astutely observed, once again we encounter the thought of an my idea ideal life, exclusive salvation, exclusive in the sense that it can be entered only through the door, Jesus Christ.
If there is amcas, one door for all the race, then once more we are reminded of of an life something very important about Jesus. Like the other I AM sayings, this one leads us to think of deity. (13) The next I AM saying of Jesus is closely related to the one previously discussed, in the sense that it is a metaphor that has been used in the same figure of speech, in in india essay writing which we find I AM the my idea of an door. In chapter 10 verve 1, Jesus speaks of the shepherd. He now adds an on early, adjective to of an life essay the word shepherd, and makes the claim I AM the essays good shepherd (10). Here again Jesus is contrasting Himself with the religious leaders, whom He is speaking too, who are the not-so-good-sheperds, or retaining the metaphor in the passage, the hired hand (vv.12-13).
That He is of an, referring to the Pharisees, as the hired hand, is proposal hukum, evident in verse 13. For there He speaks of the hired hand as not caring for the sheep. This is an obvious referal to their harsh treatment of the former blind man. My Idea Of An? When Jesus used the term the good shepherd, He is speaking of His intrinsic goodness, as well as His moral rectitude and essay beauty. In His using the essay term shepherd, He is speaking of His position.
He is the shepherd of the sheep, He is the one who protects, leads, guides and nourishes the sheep. In turn, the omens sheep are utterly defensive and my idea essay totally dependant upon the Shepherd. It is hard not to in india writing see an allusion to Ps 23, where the LORD is the Shepherd, who protects, leads, guides and nourishes His sheep. Jesus is also referring to His mission. For on no less than three occasions, He speaks of of an life essay laying down His life for the sheep (vv.15,17,18). The Shepherd, who protects the sheep, now protects them to the point of death. The Shepherd now reveals that He is also the sacrificial lamb of God (1:29,35), who willingly lays down His life for the sheep. Essay Man? The death of Jesus is no tragic accident, but the divinely appointed way whereby salvation would be brought to ideal life those who trust in Him. (14) It was not just for the lost sheep of the house of Israel that He was to lay down His life, but also for the sheep of another pen (10:16), the Gentiles. Thereby, making one flock, resided over by essay on european imperialism in africa one Shepherd (v.16). How can the death of one man avail the redemption of so many, unless it was rendered more than sufficient by the divinity of this one man.! Thus, we contend that this I AM saying screams out the divinity of Jesus the Christ.
I AM the Resurrection and the Life This particular I AM saying was made to Martha, who's brother Lazarus had recently died. When Jesus told her that Lazarus would rise again she took this to refer to the resurrection of the my idea essay last day (11:23-24). It is at this point that He makes this explicit and astounding claim, I AM the resurrection and the life; he who believes in me , even if he dies, he will live, and everyone who lives, and believes in me will certainly not die. (11:25-26). With this claim, Jesus is not simply stating that He imparts resurrection and life, but that He Himself is resurrection and life. As John said in his Prologue Jesus, (the Word), was life (1:4). Morris notes, That he is the resurrection means death, which to us appears so final, is no obstacle, and that he is the life means that the quality of life that he imparts to us here and now never ceases. (15) This claim of Jesus is fully sustantiated in the following raising of Lazarus from the dead (v.44). In commenting on John's recording of this incident, Morris powerfully states, He is writing about one who is supremely great and who has breathtaking superiority over personal statement, death.
It is a comment to the human race that in the end we all face death and there is nothing we can do about that. We may stave off death for my idea ideal life essay a time, but when it takes place it is final. John writes about a Lord for whom it is not final. He is such a great person that even death gives place to him. (15) Surely this claim of Jesus' has no place on the lips of an essay on early man, ordinary man, but can only my idea have place on the lips of Him who is divine. I AM the Way and the Truth and education essay the Life This is the next I AM saying, to be addressed to those who have committed themselves to Jesus. On the eve of the of an life essay Lord's crucifixion, Jesus gives His `Kingly farewell speech`.
He has just instituted the Lord's Supper, (though John does not record this), and in india essay writing announced His imminent departure (13:33,36;14:2-3). In conjunction to the announcement of His departure, He adds, You know the of an ideal life essay way to the place where I am going (14:4). To this, the perplexed disciple Thomas responds, Lord, we do not know where you are going, so how can we know the way?. He wants the essay man position to be clear, and my idea of an ideal life will not let our Lord's word stand as though he understands them when he really does not. The man's fundamental honesty stands revealed. (16) This provides Jesus with the opportunity of expanding and education in india essay elucidating what he has just said. Thus, He replies, I AM the way and my idea of an life the truth and the life. To which He adds, No-one comes to the Father except through me (14:6), (italics mine).
Despite the controversy that surrounds these words, and the many forms of translations and interpretations given, it is proposal thesis, clear, by the the syntactical structure of these words, that Jesus is saying three distinct things about Himself. (The stress in ideal the verse falls on the way, since that is the issue (v.5). However, the three terms, the way, the truth and amcas the life are syntactically co-ordinate. Hence the of an ideal essay indication that Jesus is thesis, declaring three distinct things about Himself.) First He says, I AM the way. Again, we see here an exclusivity which can not be denied, nor overlooked. Since Jesus refers to going to His Fathers house (v.2), and that No-one comes to the Father except through me (v.6), we can see that He is not speaking of a moral or ethical way, but the way of salvation. The way of salvation leading to the Father. He is confidently stating that He is my idea ideal, not one of many ways to God, but the way.
This astounding claim hits at the heart of our pluralistic society and the syncristic philosophy that it dearly subscribes and holds on to. With one fell swoop, He disintegrates mans false notions of approaching God, and asserts His `uniqueness`. His substitutionary, atoning death is closely linked with Him being the education in india essay way. For it is through His death that God and my idea of an ideal life essay sinners are reconciled. Second, He claims to be the proposal hukum truth.
This speaks of His utter veracity and reliability. All that He has said, claimed and done can be both believed and ideal essay trusted in, not simply because He tells the truth, but because He is the truth. For He is the Word of God that has become flesh (1:1,14). As Carson insightfully points out, Jesus is the truth, because he embodies the supreme revelation of God-he himself `narrates` God (1:18), says and does exclusively what the Father gives him to say and do (5:19ff; 8:29), indeed he is properly called God (1:1, 18; 20:28). He is God's gracious self-disclosure, his Word, made flesh (1:14). (17) Third, Jesus states that He is the life. This, as Morris correctly states, takes us into the same area as the saying, I AM the resurrection and in india the life. (18) Once again we observe Jesus associating very closely with life. It is he alone whose life is unique, self- existent like the life of the Father (5:16). He is the life and the source of life to others (3:16). (19) We contend, then, that this comprehensive saying claims an exclusive position for Jesus.
He is the one way to God, he is thoroughly reliable, and he stands in a relation to truth such as no one else does. Of An Ideal? The same, of course, is true of his relationship to life. (20) Now we come to the final I AM saying with the predicate. During the upper room discourse, Jesus twice makes the declaration, that He is the vine. On the first occasion He links Himself with the essay on early Father, when He says I AM the true vine, and my Father is the gardener, or, vinedresser (15:1). Essay? On the second occasion He links Himself with the believer, when He declares, I AM the vine; you are the branches, or, vine canes (21), and goes on to refer to the alchemist omens the mutual indwelling of the Saviour and the saved (15:5). (22) Many commentators have indicated the connection between this declaration of Jesus' and the Old Testament usage of the vine image. One of these is the noted theologian Bruce Milne. In his commentary on the Book of John, which places the emphasis on Jesus' mission, he states, The image of the vine serves the my idea of an life `mission` theme in two important ways. In the first place, it was the supreme symbol of essay imperialism in africa Israel. A great golden vine trailed over the temple porch, and the coinage minted during the revolt against Rome (AD 68-70) also bore a vine symbol.
The Old Testament has many pertinent allusions. Possibly the most important in connection with Jesus' claim, I am the true vine (v.1), is Psalm 80, which blends talk of Israel as `the vine out of Egypt` (v.8) with `the son of man you raised up for yourself` (v. 17). But the vine `is burned with fire` (Ps. 80:16). Israel has failed in God's long-term role she was called to fulfil, that being `a light for the Gentiles` (Is. 49:6), to bring God's salvation `to all the my idea of an essay ends of the earth`. Israel, however, was more attracted by the gods of the surrounding nations than penetrating them as a missionary. Her centuries-long declension from God's purposes now reaches its nadir in the rejection of the Messiah and the repudiation of the kingship of God (19:15). But God's purposes, from which Israel turn in final apostasy, does not fall to the ground. It is grasped anew by the one who stands in the midst of Israel, and among the disciples.
In contrast to the vine which has destroyed itself by disobedience, Jesus is `the true vine`. He is the personal obedient Son through whose sacrifice and consequent mission the age-old purpose of Israel would find fulfilment, the nations would be reached, and `all the families of the earth shall bless themselves` (Gn. 12:2). He then continues, The image of the vine has a second, less theological, pointer to mission. the vine is an essentially utilitarian plant; it exists to bear fruit. W. Temple eloquently portrays the fruit- bearing function of the my idea of an life vine. `The vine lives to give its life-blood. Its flower is small, its fruit abundant, and when that fruit is mature and thesis hukum the vine has become, for a moment, glorious, the treasure of the my idea essay grapes is torn down and the vine is cut back to the stem`. This function is reflected in Jesus' stress on fruit-bearing (explicitly in verses 2, 4-5, 8, 16). We should therefore beware of interpretations of this passage which concentrate solely on personal statement our inward relationship with the Lord.
Its real thrust is the renewal of the mission of my idea of an ideal Israel through Jesus the Messiah and the disciple community. While more `subjective` aspects are not entirely absent (cf. Jesus' reference to the alchemist essay `love` and of an essay `obedience` to his commands; 10, 12, 17), the essay imperialism in africa primary focus remains bracingly objective and missionary. Jesus by his exaltation in death and resurrection will be removed tangibly from the world. The disciples are sent into the world, as was Jesus, to carry on the task in his `absence`. That is the principle implication of Jesus' saying, I am the vine; you are the branches. My Idea Ideal Life? (23) While I concur with Milne's interpretation of Jesus being the fulfiller of God's missionary objectives, i.e. the true vine, through His life, death and subsequent resurrection. I do not whole-heartedly agree with his interpretation of amcas personal statement I am the vine; you are the branches. I would tend to agree more on the lines of Morris' argument when he states, the second saying emphasizes the vital contact with Christ. `He who remains in me, and of an ideal life I in him`, says Jesus `this man bears much fruit, apart from me you can do nothing` (15:5). He continues, it is an error to suppose that in the energy of the flesh that we are able to do anything that pleases God. For that we need the strength that he alone can supply. The condition of education in india fruitful in Christian service is vital contact with Christ.
Exactly what the fruit is is not explained, but usually in the New Testament the word means qualities of Christian character (Matt. 3:8; 7:20; Rom. 6:22; Gal. 5:22 etc.) and we should see this as primary in mind here. (24) When we consider that Salvation comes from God (Jonah 2:9), and that Jesus the Christ is appointed of my idea life God as a light for the Gentiles, so that He may bring God's salvation to the ends of the earth (Isa. 49:6), and that the personal transformation of the believer is only possible by the work of the indwelling Spirit of Christ (Rom.
8:9), and one's vital contact with Him (Jn 15:5). We can see that this I AM saying, like the rest, indicates His deity. Having briefly examined the my idea ideal I AM sayings with a predicate, we now come to the I AM sayings without the amcas personal statement predicate. While it may be true that the Greek words `ego eimi`, (translated I am in English), can normally have a simple human meaning (e.g. Jn. 9:9; 12:26), as we have already pointed out John's use of the term is highly distinctive. This truth is evident as one views the following passages in their context. In John Chapter four, we see Jesus having a conversation with the Samaritan woman at the well. When she states that the matters that they have been discussing would be dealt with by my idea ideal life essay the coming Messiah, Jesus responds, I AM, who am speaking to you(v.26). Essays Personal Philosophy Of Teaching? Morris points out that, Ethelbert Stauffer, (whoever he his!), denies that this is my idea of an ideal, `an indirect messianic affirmation`, and insists `that John wishes Jesus' answer to be understood as the theophanic formula ANI HU`. (25) While I Totally disagree with Stauffer that this is not `an indirect messianic affirmation`, as a syntactical analysis indicates that it is. (For Jesus is directly responding to her statement about the Messiah (v.15)). I do, however, concur with him that that this is the alchemist, a Theophanic formula.
For as we have previously stated, John's usage of the term is highly distinctive, the underling emphasis being divinity. I see no incongruity in seeing Jesus' claim as an indirect Messianic affirmation, and a claim to deity. For, we have already observed that John's intentions are to demonstrate the Messiahship and Deity of Jesus (20:30-31). Also, we see a link between the Prophet who is to come into the world (6:14), and His deity (6:33). Two other passages, in which we find the I AM sayings, are Chapters 8 and 13. In the former passage, Jesus says to of an life essay the Jews, Unless you believe that I AM, you will die in your sins (v.24). While in the latter, He declares to His disciples, I tell you before it happens, so that when it happens you may believe that I AM (13:19). Morris helpfully comments, In both passages we find the statement Johannine emphasis on the importance of believing, and in both it is of an essay, linked with Jesus' own person. In both Jesus is saying that it is important that those addressed come to essays personal trust him as the I AM, which looks very much like a claim to my idea of an sharing in the nature of deity. (25) Probably the most familiar I AM saying, without the predicate, is to be found in in africa verse 58 of my idea ideal life chapter 8. There, Jesus pulls the theological rug from underneath the feet of the Jews, when He confidently asserts His pre-existent and consequently His deity, by saying, Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM. It is evident, from the context, that Jesus was declaring His deity.
For the biblical record states, At this, they picked up stones to essay on early man stone him. Ideal Life? John has previously stated that the Jews tried to kill Jesus, for exactly the same reason-He was calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God (5:18). Omens? (italics added) Now that we have briefly examined both groups of the I AM sayings, from essay, a historical, literary, lexical, syntactical, structural and theological approach, we conclude that the I AM sayings prove the deity of Jesus the Christ. And that when Jesus uttered these solemn words, He sought to on european convey the astounding fact of his divine nature - as did the Apostle John when he recorded these life-giving words. 1. My Idea Life? Leon Morris, Jesus Is The Christ (STUDIES IN THE THEOLOGY OF JOHN), pp. 107-8. Essay On Early Man? 3. Bruce Milne, The Message of JOHN, p. 110.
6. L. Morris, Jesus Is The Christ, p. 110. 7. Life Essay? B. Milne, The Message of JOHN, p. 111. 8. Mishnah, tractate Sukkah 4.9. 9. D.A. Carson, THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN, p. Essay On European In Africa? 338. 10. Ideal Essay? L. Morris, Jesus Is The Christ, p. 113. 12.
D.A. Carson, THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN, p. 385. 13. L. Morris, Jesus Is The Christ, p. 114-15. 15. Ibid., p. 117-18. 16. L. Morris, THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN, p. 640. 17. In India Essay Writing? D.A.
Carson, THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN, p. 491. 18. L. Morris, Jesus Is The Christ, p. 119. 23. B. Milne, The Message of JOHN, p. 219-20. 24. L. Morris, Jesus Is The Christ, pp. My Idea Ideal? 121-22. NESTLE-ALAND, NOVUM TESTAMENTUM GRAECE (26th Edition). David Alan Black, USING NEW TESTAMENT GREEK IN MINISTRY.
Sir Lancelot C.L. Brenton, The Septuagint With Apocrapha. Gerald Bray, KNOWING JESUS. F.F. Bruce, THE GOSPEL OF JOHN. Essay Writing? D.A. Carson, THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN. Mario Pei and Frank Gaynor, Dictionary of Linguistics.
Jay P. Green, Sr, Editor, Pocket Interlinear: New Testament. Millard J. Erickson, Christian Theology. My Idea Ideal Life? Bruce Milne, The Message of JOHN. Leon Morris, THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN. Leon Morris, Jesus Is The Christ (STUDIES IN THE THEOLOGY OF JOHN)
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My Ideal Life - Essay
coa resume builder Ancora imparo -- Michelangelo Buonarroti. (I am still learning) What information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention, and a need to allocate that attention efficiently among the overabundance of information sources that might consume it. The nation that makes a great distinction between its scholars and its warriors. will have its thinking done by cowards and ideal, its fighting done by proposal thesis hukum, fools. Fantasy, abandoned by reason, produces impossible monsters; united with it, she is the mother of the arts and the origin of marvels. When a task cannot be partitioned because of sequential constraints, the application of more effort has no effect on my idea of an ideal life, the schedule. The bearing of essay in africa a child takes nine months, no matter how many women are assigned. — Frederick P. Brooks, Jr., The Mythical Man-Month.
Some ideas are so stupid that only intellectuals could believe them. Intelligence is like a four-wheel drive. My Idea Ideal Life. It allows you to education in india writing, get stuck in more remote places. Do one thing every day that scares you. My ability to keep cool in a crisis is of an ideal life essay, based entirely on not knowing all the personal philosophy facts. The one common experience of all humanity is the challenge of problems. — R. Buckminster Fuller. The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift.
The development of my idea of an life essay general ability for independent thinking and judgment should always be placed foremost, not the acquisition of in africa special knowledge. It a person masters the fundamentals of his subject and has learned to think and work independently, he will surely find his way and my idea life essay, besides will better be able to adapt himself to progress and changes than the person whose training principally consists in the acquiring of detailed knowledge. — Albert Einstein, in Ideas and Opinions , p. 62. It is essay on european, not enough to teach a man a speciality. Through it he may become a kind of useful machine but not a harmoniously developed personality.
It is essential that the student acquire an understanding of and a lively feeling for values. He must acquire a vivid sense of the essay beautiful and of the morally good. Hukum. Otherwise he – with his specialized knowledge – more closely resembles a well trained dog than a harmoniously developed person. My Idea Of An Life Essay. He must learn to understand the motives of human beings, their illusions, and their sufferings in in india essay writing order to acquire a proper relationship to the individual fellow-men and to the community…Overemphasis on ideal, the competitive system and premature specialization on the ground of immediate usefulness kill the spirit on which all cultural life depends, specialized knowledge included. It is also vital to a valuable education that independent critical thinking be developed in the young human being, a development that is greatly jeopardized by overburdening him with too much and with too varied subjects. Overburdening necessarily leads to superficiality.
— Albert Einstein, in Ideas and Opinions , p. 66-67. Integrity without knowledge is the alchemist, weak and of an life essay, useless, and the alchemist omens essay, knowledge without integrity is dangerous and life essay, dreadful. Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information upon it. Iron rusts from disuse, stagnant water loses its purity and in cold weather becomes frozen; so does inaction sap the vigors of the mind. — Leonardo da Vinci. Thinking is the hardest work there is, which is the probable reason why so few engage in essay on early it.
In the life essay field of observation, chance favors the prepared mind. We shall not cease from in africa, exploration, and the end of ideal all our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know the the alchemist place for the first time. The other terror that scares us from self-trust is our consistency; a reverence for our past act or word, because the eyes of others have no other data for of an life essay computing our orbit than our past acts, and we are loath to of teaching, disappoint them. A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines. With consistency a great soul has simply nothing to my idea of an life essay, do. He may as well concern himself with his shadow on the wall. Speak what you think now in essay imperialism in africa hard words, and to-morrow speak what to-morrow thinks in hard words again, though it contradict every thing you said to-day. — 'Ah, so you shall be sure to be misunderstood.' — Is it so bad, then, to be misunderstood?
Pythagoras was misunderstood, and Socrates, and Jesus, and Luther, and essay, Copernicus, and Galileo, and Newton, and every pure and wise spirit that ever took flesh. To be great is to be misunderstood. — Ralph Waldo Emerson, in his essay “Self-Reliance” How to vs aacomas personal statement, Do Research, briefing by Grant Hammond, USAF Center for Strategy and Technology (CSAT) Analogy as the Core of Cognition, by Hofstadter, 2006 Stanford Presidential lecture and life essay, a text by Hofstadter from The Analogical Mind: Perspectives from Cognitive Science , by essay, Gentner et al, MIT Press, 2001 interesting and ideal life essay, entertaining pieces on analogy, human cognition, and communicating within a language/culture group -- much of amcas it very applicable to teaching and learning. How We Think: Thinking Critically and Creatively and How Military Professionals Can Do it Better, by of an ideal essay, McConnell et al, in the alchemist Small Wars Journal , 16 Sep 2011 This essay will summarize how cognitive theorists have described critical and creative thinking in general, and how some military practitioners have applied them. In doing so, this essay will propose principles of critical and creative thinking applicable to the military profession to my idea essay, provide a common vocabulary that describes the type of thinking we do. To expand and of teaching, improve critical and my idea of an life, creative thinking, military professionals need a common vocabulary that accurately describes the very thinking we are to expand and thesis, improve on. Critical Thinking and Intelligence Analysis ( local copy, 1.4 Mb low res ), by Moore, National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC) occasional paper no.
14, March 2007 ( local copy, 12.1 Mb high res ) - includes generic and intel-specific discussion, as well as an appendix which is the NSA's Critical Thinking and Structured Analysis Class Syllabus NSA's Critical Thinking and essay, Structured Analysis Class Syllabus - incudes plans for philosophy of teaching 10 classes, as well as a template for summarizing articles/readings. -- very good examination of life essay many elements of critical thinking, with examples ( PDF version ) Check out Part III - Cognitive Biases. How to the alchemist omens essay, Do Research, briefing by Grant Hammond, USAF Center for my idea Strategy and Technology (CSAT) UFMCS The Applied Critical Thinking Handbook (formerly the essay man Red Team Handbook), v. 8.1, Sep 2016 ( local copy ) We educate people to develop a disposition of curiosity, and help them become aware of biases and behavior that prevent them from real positive change in my idea life essay the ways they seek solutions and engage others. UFMCS The Applied Critical Thinking Handbook (formerly the thesis Red Team Handbook), v. 7.0, Jan 2015 ( local copy ) Our methods and ideal life, education involve more than Socratic discussion and brainstorming. We believe that good decision processes are essential to good outcomes. To that end, our curriculum is essay, rich in of an ideal life essay divergent processes, red teaming tools, and liberating structures, all aimed at decision support.
UFMCS Red Team Handbook, Apr 2012 ( local copy ) Each section can almost stand alone, and Section XI – Structured Analytic Techniques – has a large variety of tools/techniques for overcoming “mind-sets” – including “9 Step Cultural Methodology” and in africa, “String of Pearls” tool and “Analysis of Competing Hypotheses” and a passel of others. Action Learning Guide ( local copy ), from Presidential Management Fellows (PMF), posted by OPM - check especially the appendices for life items/tools such as inference ladder, four frames, conflict management, stakeholder mapping, force field analysis, and more. Mind Tools, a GOOD site for quick pass at a whole slew of stuff -- problem solving, analysis, memory improvement, creativity, stress management, time management, planning skills, comm skills, improved reading skills, shareware tools Mind Tools, site map showing all the options. Peirce, Pragmatism, and The Right Way of Thinking ( local copy ), by Campbell, Sandia National Labs, Aug 2011 Peirce is essay on european imperialism, known as the founder of the ideal life essay philosophy of pragmatism and these lectures, given near the end of his life, represent his mature thoughts on the philosophy. Peirce’s decomposition of thinking into abduction, deduction, and induction is among the important points in the lectures. and not everything that counts can be counted. Nine-tenths of essay tactics are certain and taught in the books; but, the irrational tenth is like the kingfisher flashing across the pool.
This is the test of generals. Success can only of an life essay be ensured by instinct sharpened by thought. At the crisis, it is as natural as a reflex. — T. E. Lawrence, in imperialism in africa The Science of Guerilla Warfare. The nation that makes a great distinction between its scholars and of an essay, its warriors. will have its thinking done by cowards and its fighting done by fools. See also the strategic corporal and the three-block war regarding the need for strategic thinking at all levels in today's and tomorrow's conflicts The lines separating the levels of war, and distinguishing combatant from non-combatant, will blur, and adversaries, confounded by our conventional superiority, will resort to asymmetrical means to proposal, redress the imbalance.
Further complicating the situation will be the ubiquitous media whose presence will mean that all future conflicts will be acted out before an international audience. [Krulak] The perils of bad strategy, by Rumelt, in the McKinsey Quarterly , (2011, 1) Another sign of my idea life bad strategy is amcas, fuzzy strategic objectives. One form this problem can take is a scrambled mess of ideal things to accomplish—a dog’s dinner of essay on early man goals. A long list of things to do, often mislabeled as strategies or objectives, is not a strategy. It is just a list of my idea of an things to do. The Alchemist Omens Essay. Such lists usually grow out of planning meetings in which a wide variety of my idea ideal essay stakeholders suggest things they would like to see accomplished. Essays Personal Philosophy Of Teaching. Rather than focus on a few important items, the group sweeps the whole day’s collection into the strategic plan. Then, in recognition that it is a dog’s dinner, the label “long term” is my idea essay, added, implying that none of these things need be done today.
Bad strategy has many roots, but I’ll focus on two here: the inability to choose and template-style planning—filling in the blanks with “vision, mission, values, strategies.” Developing Air Force Strategists: Change Culture, Reverse Careerism ( local copy ), by Bethel et al, Joint Force Quarterly , 3rd Quarter 2010 How we got to the point where our best and brightest are able to offer only tired and uncreative strategies is not as important as what we need to do now. We must develop, nurture, and promote strategic thinkers. We define strategic thinkers as those officers who understand the inherent linkages between the abstract and amcas vs aacomas, concrete, between thinking and doing, and who eschew old checklists for new ideas and apply those ideas to potential future situations. The Air Force should seek out ideal those officers who have a balanced brain—those who can not only intuit well and rapidly, but who also understand when it may be necessary to the alchemist omens essay, look for of an ideal life theories that can be generalized. Instead, the Service teaches “people, processes, and products” that make up the in india essay writing Air Operations Center at its command and of an ideal, staff college. There is no career path for omens strategists or strategic thinkers, and indeed there appears to be a trend away from intellectualism. Rather than disdaining intellectualism, senior leaders should be encouraged to read recent scholarship on strategic decisionmaking and ask themselves if they can learn something there.
In addition to the long list of histories of command and leadership, Air Force senior leaders should have to read Scott Page’s The Difference , Malcolm Gladwell’s Blink and Outliers , James Surowiecki’s The Wisdom of Crowds , and of an, most importantly, Alec Fisher’s The Logic of Real Arguments . Essay Man. The balance between Gladwell and Surowiecki should be lessons that all senior officers learn en route to becoming strategists. Giovanni Gavetti and Jan Rivkin, in How Strategists Really Think , tell us that one of the greatest mistakes leaders make is applying the wrong experiential analogies to ideal essay, the situation at hand. In today’s military, senior leaders disdain empirical evidence for “gut-based” decisions made quickly in high-visibility situations. As Watts mentions, too many of our leaders go on experience and apply lessons from the past to the problem at hand. Essays. The current problem, however, is rarely like any they previously faced; thus, the my idea ideal life essay lessons they bring forward are not relevant. Experience is important, but for senior leadership we should seek out those who can adapt to the situation no matter what it is. Effective strategists also use academic and intellectual rigor en route to education essay writing, solving problems—not just effective gut-checking. We mentioned earlier the trend toward relying on experience rather than critical thinking and inductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning is not hard merely for military officers, but for almost everyone.
In Taleb’s The Black Swan , he argues that because humans rely so much on past experience, they cannot conceive of a situation that has not happened before. Inductive reasoning is ideal essay, only one attribute of amcas successful strategists. Of An Essay. They must also exhibit: creativity curiosity confidence high intelligence without subject fixation ability to collate and make sense out of essay writing massive amounts of data great and diverse intellect thorough knowledge of the means intuitive understanding of the ends. We place creativity at the top because crafting strategies, like war itself, is an ideal life essay art. We posit that educating an officer to be a strategist is for man naught if the first four traits are not present. Of An Life Essay. We must demand more of thesis hukum our officers—not in terms of time or energy (most give more than their fair share whether they have it or not), but in terms of how they think . Let us be clear on one point: deductive thinking is required in campaign planning and in airpower theory, especially when it comes to of an life essay, establishing quantifiable metrics and measuring against them. Essays Personal Philosophy. Pressed up against the realities of my idea ideal life essay war, deductive thinkers do a great job killing the enemy, but it is proposal thesis, inductive thinkers who master how to discourage enemy forces from wanting to continue to fight. And it is inductive thinkers who are best able to determine how to of an, achieve victory on a variety of battlefields against innumerable conflicts and challenges. The metrics to measure each are very different. One is an proposal hukum empirical count while the other cannot be measured. Research, Writing, and the Mind of the Strategist ( local copy ), by Foster, in Joint Force Quarterly , Spring 1996 Ideas and the ability to generate them seem increasingly likely, in fact, to be more important than weapons, economic potential, diplomatic acumen, or technological advantage in determining who exercises global leadership and enjoys superpower status.
Thus it is imperative to develop, nurture, and engage strategic thinkers at all levels—critical, creative, broadgauged visionaries with the intellect to dissect the status quo, grasp the big picture, discern important relationships among events, generate imaginative possibilities for my idea of an life essay action, and operate easily in the conceptual realm. Almost by thesis, definition, strategic thinkers are broadly educated, not narrowly trained. They seek not simply direction but to grapple with the underlying questions of whether, why, and what if. A broad-based education expands—and fuels the self-guided growth of—one’s horizons. It develops the intellect and inculcates the spirit of inquiry for a lifelong pursuit of of an ideal life essay learning. Essays Philosophy Of Teaching. The measure of education, far from my idea ideal essay, being the vs aacomas statement level or even the sum of formal schooling, rests more in the degree of ideal open-mindedness and active mental engagement it engenders. Keeping the Strategic Flame ( local copy ), by Builder, in Joint Force Quarterly , Winter 1996-97 The current demand by the military for essay on early welldefined objectives is eloquent evidence of of an ideal how far our thinking has drifted toward the tactical domain. The insistence on operationally planning based on enemy capabilities, while tactically prudent, is the antithesis of strategic thinking, which should concentrate on personal philosophy, enemy vulnerabilities. Life Essay. Although defeating enemy forces may sometimes be necessary to achieve our objectives, it is not always the Nation’s or the military’s best option. Charting the Course for Effective Professional Military Education - 10 Sep 09 testimony before the House Armed Services Committee - local copies of transcripts below Lieutenant General Dave Barno, USA (ret.) - Director, Near East South Asia Center for essay Strategic Studies Given the notable shortcomings many ascribe to U.S. strategic thinking over the last decade -- some deeply involving senior military leaders -- we must seriously question whether our program of PME today is on the right track.
In my estimation, we are drifting off course, and of an ideal, if uncorrected, our marked advantage in the alchemist omens essay the intellectual capital of warfare, in the face of an increasingly uncertain future, is at risk. Thus, for almost all senior officers -- all our generals and my idea of an ideal essay, admirals -- the essay on early man final fifteen to twenty years of their career is almost entirely largely lacking in extended developmental experiences. This fact becomes more troubling when correlated with the reality that decision-making and my idea ideal life essay, complexity at the senior levels -- especially regarding strategic and grand strategic issues -- is immensely more complex and uncertain than the relatively simpler worlds of tactics and operations. So-called wicked problems unresponsive to set-piece solutions abound. Dr. Williamson Murray - Senior Fellow, Institute for Defense Analyses The cost of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan suggests that the United States can no longer afford an essay approach resting on the comfortable assumption that commanders can acquire skills on of an essay, the fly to deal with the new and essay, different complexities that each conflict will bring in its wake. Ideal. As General James Mattis suggested in amcas vs aacomas personal statement an email to a professor at National War College, “We have been fighting on this planet for 5,000 years and we should take advantage of that experience. ‘Winging it’ and filling body bags as we sort out what works reminds us of the moral dictates and the cost of competence in our profession.” The depressing story of our flawed efforts to handle a burgeoning insurgency during the post-invasion period in of an ideal life Iraq suggests that too many senior officers had never studied the lessons of Vietnam, much less the experiences of the British in their efforts to personal philosophy, defeat the 1920 insurgency in my idea ideal life essay Iraq. Imperialism In Africa. Dr.
John Allen Williams - President, Inter-University Seminar on the Armed Forces and Society Given the complexity of the future threat environment and the importance of the issues involved – military threats and my idea essay, the proper relation between the personal of teaching military and the society it serves –the Skelton Report’s call for the development of of an life strategists and amcas personal, the encouragement of strategic thinking is increasingly relevant. One should note that these are not quite the same thing. Only a small number of officers will develop into my idea ideal essay strategists of the first rank, but these are so important that the amcas personal statement PME system must do as much as it can to of an life, encourage them to develop their talents to the maximum degree possible. Prospects for Strategic Thinking and Innovation: a Survey of War College Students ( local copy ), by Snow, Army War College, 15 Mar 2006 The survey reveals room for improvement in current levels of dialogue, critical, innovative and strategic thinking. Unless changed, the current time and essay, resource constraints will likely frustrate deep thinkers, stifle the creative and hinder the of an ideal process of organizational learning and adaptation. The goal of achieving advantage through transformational processes is at risk.
Learning from the Stones: a Go Approach to Mastering China's Strategic Concept, Shi ( local copy ), by Lai, Strategic Studies Institute, May 2004 The author introduces a new approach to learning about the different ways of strategic thinking and interaction in Chinese culture. It is through learning the Chinese board game called go . This game is a living reflection of Chinese philosophy, culture, strategic thinking, warfare, military tactics, and diplomatic bargaining. The author also sheds light on the alchemist omens essay, the remarkable connection between go and the strategic concepts in life essay Sun Tzu’s Art of vs aacomas War . A modest claim is my idea of an ideal, made in this writing that a little knowledge of amcas vs aacomas statement go will take U.S. My Idea Of An Ideal Life. leaders a long way in essays understanding the essence of the Chinese way of war and diplomacy. Strategic Thinking chapter from Strategic Leadership and Decision Making , from National Defense University A leader can develop more effective strategic thinking skills. This is done by exploiting any opportunity to better understand yourself, how you think about complex problems, and how to go about making decisions. This understanding of my idea yourself is critical, since this information that forms the foundation for developing your strategic thinking capabilities necessary in the strategic environment. The more you understand yourself, the more control you have over both the process, and on european imperialism, the products you produce.
Virtually all of my idea of an life essay you will be required to serve in strategic environments. This means there will be many opportunities for essay imperialism in africa you to function as a strategic thinker or advisor. You must, therefore, continue to develop a new and broader set of thinking skills. The SLDM course, and the overall ICAF experience have been designed to help you understand and develop effective strategic thinking skills to solve the complex, fast changing, unstructured problems you will soon encounter. Attack by Stratagem, from The Art of War , by Sun Tzu Hence to my idea ideal life essay, fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the on european imperialism enemy's resistance without fighting. Hence the saying: If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of of an life essay a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle. Disruptive Thinking Disruptive Thinking and how the the alchemist iPad changed Close Air Support in Afghanistan, by Christman, for Small Wars Journal , 15 May 2012 uses an example of an Army captain giving his Cobra helicopter a moving GPS map function, using an iPad I would argue the Marine Corps is going to need more of these types of of an ideal life essay Marines as we enter the next 10-15 years of fiscal austerity. As is often quoted, “we’re out of money, its time to think”.
We as Marines, especially the Staff NCOs and company grade officers, need to do better at taking responsibility for our own organization. The following are some ideas of how Disruptive Thinkers can be more effective. [ed. - all are expanded in the article] Be a Disruptive Doer, not just a Disruptive Thinker. Be ready for a bureaucratic knife fight. Don’t forget that the Marine Corps is proposal, a warfighting institution, not a think tank. Sometimes you can do more good outside of the military. With that being said, some responsibility does lie on leadership. We do a very poor job at leveraging our best minds and our most talented leaders. The Marine Corps leadership can change this in several different ways: Bring “centralized command, decentralized control” back to the Marine Corps. My Idea Of An Ideal Life Essay. Innovation is often a bottom up process, where those closest to the fight have the best solutions. Giving subordinate commanders flexibility to make these decisions will allow the most creative junior leaders to develop innovative solutions to existing problems.
Strive to keep the best and brightest officers and SNCOs in essay the Marine Corps. . If you want effective Colonels and Generals you need to keep effective Lieutenants and Captains. Disruptive Thinkers: Defining the Problem, by Munson, for Small Wars Journal , 9 Apr 2012 - response to and expansion of the Kohlmann article above. Matt Ridley: When ideas have sex - a TED talk (you may need to my idea ideal, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) At TEDGlobal 2010, author Matt Ridley shows how, throughout history, the engine of human progress has been the meeting and mating of essay on early ideas to make new ideas. It's not important how clever individuals are, he says; what really matters is how smart the collective brain is. Matt Ridley argues that, through history, the engine of human progress and prosperity has been, and is, ideas having sex with each other. Riley Crane: Crowdsource win - 17 minute video - a Pop Tech Talk Riley Crane, a postdoctoral fellow at the MIT Media Lab, found out my idea life essay about the DARPA Red Balloon Challenge four days before it started (find ten balloons placed in ten different locations around the country). Four days, eight hours, and 52 minutes later his team had won the competition. Watch him talk about how they did it and the challenges they encountered in the process. He also talks about other uses of the the alchemist techniques - including rescues in Haiti - and about how our communication paradigms are broken and how they need to change. Capturing the Potential of Outlier Ideas in the Intelligence Community ( local copy ), by Watts and Brennan, in Studies in Intelligence Vol.
55, No. 4, Dec 2011 What are outliers in the context of the my idea of an life essay intelligence profession? Outliers are data and hypotheses that analysts may too quickly dismiss. They may be the essay on european imperialism in africa imaginative, even prescient analyses policymakers cannot bring themselves to believe. Intelligence analysts generally possess healthy doses of skepticism to help them avoid the pitfalls of hubris and self-delusion, but, sadly, this is insufficient, for the outliers that ultimately prove to ideal essay, be the seeds of essay imperialism in africa surprise are outlandish, unthinkable, and wholly anomalous. Building a Wise Crowd ( local copy ), based on James Surowiecki's bestseller The Wisdom of Crowds , from Ask the Academy at my idea of an ideal essay NASA Academy, 24 Feb 2006 - showing how a group of people's diverse answers to a question, when put together, can be better than the expert's - in thesis hukum some cases, not all Surowiecki identifies four characteristics of wise crowds: The crowd must be diverse, which allows the individual members to bring different pieces of relevant information to the table. My Idea Of An Life Essay. It needs to be decentralized so that no individual member is dictating what the imperialism answer should be. Life. It needs a mechanism for distilling the group’s opinion into a collective verdict. The individual crowd members have to be independent, so they remain true to their own information and perspective while not worrying about what the other members of the essay group think of them. Of An. Surowiecki explains: The paradox of the wisdom of crowds is that the best group decisions come from lots of essays personal of teaching independent individual decisions.
Wikiwar – Where Campaign Design Unite With The Wisdom Of Crowds ( local copy ), by Demers, USMC Command and Staff College – School of Advanced Warfighting (SAW), 2008 We live in an interconnected world where information is becoming the currency of the realm. According to UC Berkeley School of Information we produce more than 550,000 Terabytes of data each year and my idea ideal, our current adversaries are leveraging this wealth of amcas vs aacomas personal statement information into concrete operational advantages better then we can. By shying away from of an ideal life essay, traditional operational security principles and moving to what could be described as open source warfare, they can adapt more quickly to a given situation. A striking example of open source can be found in the Iraqi insurgency. It took only 12 months to reach (and surpass) capabilities for the deployment of the full spectrum of IEDs in Iraq that took over 30 years for the IRA to achieve under more rigorous operational security (OPSEC) conditions in Ulster. This paper will propose that a concept of open source warfare will be far more effective in supporting a campaign design methodology during complex emergencies as opposed to the traditional compartmentalized approach favoured in today’s military planning process. First of all, we will look where this concept can be employed and why it would work. Vs Aacomas Statement. Having identified where open source can be useful for my idea life essay the military, we will turn our attention to the need of essay man changing our understanding of OPSEC.
Finally, we will propose an of an ideal life essay open source planning model which will allow us to better leverage information during campaign design and execution. Universal Access to and Use of Information ( local copy ), from FEMA-sponsored Strategic Foresight Initiative , May 2011 In the last decade, technological advances in the alchemist omens essay both computer hardware and software have greatly enhanced people?s access to and use of information, particularly via the internet and mobile devices. Based on this capability and access, the following trends and drivers have the potential to impact emergency management activities: Internet access expansion People as both producers and my idea life, consumers of information Spontaneous reporting Crowdsourcing Increased emergency management use of the internet and social media. Hunting for education essay Foxes: Capturing the ideal life essay Potential of Outlier Ideas in the Intelligence Community ( local copy ), by man, Watts and Brennan, in CIA's Studies in Intelligence , Dec 2011 Outliers are data and hypotheses that analysts may too quickly dismiss. Of An Essay. They may be the imaginative, even prescient analyses policymakers cannot bring themselves to believe.
Intelligence analysts generally possess healthy doses of skepticism to amcas vs aacomas personal, help them avoid the pitfalls of my idea life hubris and self-delusion, but, sadly, this is insufficient, for the outliers that ultimately prove to be the seeds of surprise are outlandish, unthinkable, and wholly anomalous. Our interest in outliers was born out of Internet-based surveying that Clint Watts undertook on 2 January 2011. The purpose of that survey was to test the ability of man crowds to make accurate hypotheses about future counterterrorism issues in the event of Usama Bin Laden’s death. Would you like to play a game? Solving real problems using game mechanics. by Garten, at HHS Center for New Media, 27 Sep 2011 This is an example of crowdsourcing, collaboration, game mechanics and social networking at its best. Instead of doing each of these activities in isolation, these elements were brought together as a powerful tool to solve a real world problem. My Idea Of An. “The researchers noted that much attention has been given to the possibilities of crowd-sourcing and game playing in amcas statement scientific discovery. Their results indicate the potential for integrating online video games into real-world science.” In cases where we have the basics of social/new media covered, let’s keep advancing and level up to thinking about game mechanics as another tool in our problem solving toolbox. Of An Life. Not only in india writing can we apply the idea of gaming to my idea of an life, our citizen engagement strategies on the communications level, but perhaps we can pave the way in helping others see the value in applying game mechanics to their own areas of responsibility.
Blaise Aguera y Arcas demos Photosynth, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the TED.com version won't run on your computer) Blaise Aguera y Arcas leads a dazzling demo of Photosynth, software that could transform the way we look at digital images. In India Essay Writing. Using still photos culled from the Web, Photosynth builds breathtaking dreamscapes and lets us navigate them. Collaboration .Collaboration - Affect/Possibility: Ken Blanchard at TEDxSanDiego 2012, Published on Dec 27, 2012 Stating that no one of us is my idea of an life, as smart as all of us, Ken Blanchard teaches us three aspects of successful collaboration: 1. if you meet someone who wants to accomplish something, and you want to accomplish something, the experience is meant to be dynamic; 2. rely on the different skills and experience people bring to the table; 3. Essays Philosophy. essence and form are the two characteristics of a solid collaboration. Clay Shirky on institutions vs. collaboration - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) In this prescient 2005 talk, Clay Shirky shows how closed groups and companies will give way to looser networks where small contributors have big roles and fluid cooperation replaces rigid planning. Howard Rheingold on collaboration - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Howard Rheingold talks about the coming world of collaboration, participatory media and collective action -- and of an ideal life essay, how Wikipedia is really an outgrowth of our natural human instinct to proposal thesis, work as a group.
Team/Collaborative Critical Thinking Team Critical Thinking: Foundations Research Directions, briefing by Freeman and Serfaty, at 2002 conference Collaborative Critical Thinking, briefing by Freeman et al, Collaboration and Knowledge Management Workshop, 2003. Why Wikis at my idea of an ideal life NASA? ( local copy ), by Verville et al, in NASA's ASK magazine, issue 44, Fall 2011 Wikis are used across NASA for collaboration Some of the personal philosophy of teaching critical practices and my idea of an ideal, principles for successful wikis are listed below. Wikis work best when they solve a problem that is evident to essays personal of teaching, most of a group. Wiki use needs to replace an existing work process, not add to of an life, work. Wikis need advocates and on european imperialism in africa, advertising. Seeding the wiki with valuable content helps jump-start the process; with a blank page, no one knows where to start. Gradual growth is my idea, fine, and starting small helps a core group of essays personal users become accustomed to my idea essay, the wiki (think pilot study). A wiki that serves a niche need is okay; it does not need to be all things to all people.
Developing Adaptiveness Achieving Adaptability through Inquiry Based Learning ( local copy ), by in africa, Duffy and Raymer, ARI report, Apr 2010 This report presents inquiry based learning (IBL) as an instructional strategy addressing the Army’s need for my idea essay training flexible and adaptive leaders. Distinguishing tenets of on early man IBL are characterized in contrast to the Army’s current direct instruction strategy. Elements of IBL, including characterization of the orienting problem, learner support by the instructor, and assessment of learner outcomes are outlined. Considerations for ideal life essay developing an IBL curriculum are addressed, and details of an example of an Army IBL course of instruction are provided. Adaptive Thinking Training For Tactical Leaders ( local copy ), by essay on european, Lussier and of an ideal essay, Shadrick, ARI paper presented at the RTO HFM Symposium, Oct 2003 This paper reports a series of research efforts embodied in proposal thesis hukum the U.S. Army’s Think Like a Commander training program. The work is interesting because it seeks to train a cognitive behavior – thinking – using methods that have traditionally been applied to of an ideal life, training more observable and measurable behaviors, e.g., marksmanship and gunnery, sports performance.
In short, it does not greatly respect a traditional distinction between such things as physical movements, perceptions, and cognitions when it comes to training, rather treats these all as behaviors that are amenable to the same training methods and principles. Essay. Deliberate practice techniques were applied to develop exercises to train the my idea ideal life task of adaptive thinking in essay tactical situations. Developing Leaders to Adapt and Dominate for the Army of Today and Tomorrow ( local copy ), by Davis and Martin, Military Review , Sep-Oct 2012 Change in the College comes in how we accomplish our educational mission, as well as within the my idea ideal essay content of our courses. Thesis. This change is an active, evolutionary educational process that drives the life institution to reexamine itself on amcas statement, a frequent basis. The operational environment is dramatically different than in previous times. Additionally, there has been a tremendous growth in understanding of adult learning and professional education, and CGSC is of an life, leveraging this new science. We are educating a different generation of emerging leaders who bring incredible experience to the classroom to share. On European Imperialism In Africa. Our teaching methods account for this shift in our students’ background and experience. The most obvious difference over the previous 30 years is that more than 90 percent of our Army students have recent combat experience and nearly 70 percent have multiple combat tours. Ideal. Based on this background, and the ever-changing operating environment that is our world, it is easy to see that change remains a constant in the process of leader development and education for vs aacomas statement the Army.
Creativity and Innovation Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere. Reasonable people adapt themselves to the world. Unreasonable people attempt to my idea of an ideal life, adapt the world to themselves. All progress, therefore, depends on unreasonable people. — George Bernhard Shaw. If the world were perfect, it wouldn’t be. A good hockey player plays where the puck is. A great hockey player plays where the puck is going to be.
Creativity is thinking up new things. Innovation is essay imperialism in africa, doing new things. The only my idea ideal thing harder than getting a new idea into amcas vs aacomas the military is getting an old one out. Anxiety is the hand maiden of creativity. The foolish and ideal essay, the dead alone never change their opinions. — James Russel Lowell. As the births of living creatures, at first, are ill-shapen: so are all Innovations, which are the births of time.
He that will not apply new remedies must expect new evils; for time is the greatest innovator. In times of change, learners inherit the earth, while the learned find themselves equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists. The world owes all of its onward impulses to men ill at ease. Personal Philosophy. The happy man inevitably confines himself within ancient limits. I want to stay as close to the edge as I can without going over. Out on ideal life, the edge you see all kinds of the alchemist essay things you can't see from the center. — Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.
In the age of information sciences, the most valuable asset is knowledge, which is a creation of human imagination and creativity. We were among the last to comprehend this truth and we will be paying for this oversight for many years to come. — Mikhail Gorbachev, 1990. Innovation by definition will not be accepted at first. It takes repeated attempts, endless demonstrations, monotonous rehearsals before innovation can be accepted and internalized by an organization. This requires 'courageous patience'. See John Boyd and the OODA loop - especially the my idea of an ideal essay articles and essay on early man, briefings by Osinga. Eric Berlow and my idea of an ideal life essay, Sean Gourley: Mapping ideas worth spreading - a TED talk (you may need to man, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) What do 24,000 ideas look like? Ecologist Eric Berlow and physicist Sean Gourley apply algorithms to the entire archive of of an life TEDx Talks, taking us on the alchemist, a stimulating visual tour to show how ideas connect globally. “Doing the right thing” versus “Doing things right” – A Framework for Post-ORI Innovation ( local copy ), by Gillen, in Air Force Print News Today, 22 Aug 2012 Unfortunately, we're more focused today on doing things right than doing the of an ideal life right thing. Essay On Early. This has become apparent as we prepare for the upcoming inspection.
Doing things right means being tactically focused on our compliance with Air Force Instructions and my idea ideal life essay, adherence to checklists. Doing the man right thing involves a more strategic perspective and a more critical analysis of of an ideal life essay activities to ensure the outcomes are meeting our intended purposes. Through a process of thesis hukum strategic innovation we can transition from doing things right to doing the right thing, a shift which will ultimately result in of an ideal life organizational efficiencies and increased job satisfaction. Keith Yamashita: The 3 Habits of Great Creative Teams, a 99 u video When the your team is faced with adversity does it stand strong and personal of teaching, act boldly or does it crumble under pressure? Based on his work with over 1000 teams, Keith Yamashita shares his insights about great collaborative environments including: have an awareness beyond your day-to-day, respect the unique talents of your team members, and essay, actively cultivate meaningful one-on-one relationships. “Adapt or Die” - The Imperative for a Culture of Innovation in the United States Army ( local copy ), by essay, Fastabend and Simpson, U.S. Army Our “competitors” are living, thinking, and adaptive adversaries who mean to destroy us and the society we defend.
Our choice is quite clear: “Adapt or Die.” Failure does not mean Chapter 11 and an updated resume. Failure means death and destruction for ourselves, our comrades, and all that we cherish. The Creativity Conundrum ( local copy ), by Buser - downloaded from US Naval War College, /luce.nt/ , A Journal of ideal life essay National Security Studies, 2012 The ability to be creative, or think creatively, has long been recognized as a core component to successful leadership at essay on european all levels of my idea essay command. The Alchemist Omens Essay. Especially at the strategic level, the ability to think creatively and my idea of an essay, adapt to changing circumstances is often the difference between life and death, victory and defeat. Education In India Essay. . My Idea Ideal Life Essay. And despite general agreement to the alchemist essay, this fact by most senior leaders, the military on the whole is ill-equipped for producing leaders who are adaptable, flexible, and my idea of an life essay, who can think creatively. Rather, its personnel makeup, focus on in india writing, operations, and sheer bureaucracy all combine to create and reward leaders who are risk-averse, conformists, and good at maintaining the status quo. Center of of an essay Innovation (CoI), US Air Force Academy The Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate funded Center of essays philosophy Innovation (CoI) at the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) was established in of an ideal life 2008 and has become a leader in essay championing game-changing innovations for the US Government (USG) by leveraging unique public-private partnerships. The CoI has become the 'sandbox' for government agencies, private industry giants, and academia to perform collaborative research, share expertise, and shape technologies within the private sector to fit government needs DHS pamphlet talking about the CoI ( local copy ) NASA Center of of an life essay Excellence for thesis hukum Collaborative Innovation Established in 2011, the CoECI serves to advance the use of open innovation methods across the federal government, in of an particular, the amcas personal use of prizes and my idea of an ideal essay, challenge. The CoECI provides guidance to other federal agencies and NASA centers on the alchemist omens, implementing open innovation initiatives from problem definition, to incentive design, to post- submission evaluation of of an essay solutions. Navy Warfare Development Command (NWDC) Navy Center for the alchemist essay Innovation (NCFI) Shaping Navy Culture: A Campaign Plan for 2025 ( local copy ), by Tyler, NWDC White Paper, 14 Feb 2012 This white paper introduces a concept to change Navy organizational culture into an innovative, intellectually agile institution.
This paper examines current conditions, introduces an approach, identifies themes, and proposes actions to build momentum for my idea ideal life the concept. Innovator’s Guide ( local copy, 3.8 Mb ), from the Navy Center for Innovation, Navy Warfare Development Command, 29 Aug 2012 From Navy Warfare Development Command Public Affairs: Navy Warfare Development Command (NWDC) has published The Innovator's Guide, Aug. 29, to help innovators of on european imperialism all ages - but particularly the ideal Navy's junior leaders - become more innovative and facilitate the transformation of good ideas into real warfighting capabilities. As the essays philosophy Navy Center for Innovation, NWDC is spearheading a campaign to my idea of an ideal life, reinvigorate a culture of innovation within the Navy, and the guide is an important component of that endeavor. Essays Philosophy. In addition to defining innovation and why it is important, the guide provides advice on life essay, how to identify and define problems that need solving, proven techniques for finding creative solutions, and how to move these ideas through a large organization to drive towards implementation. Of Teaching. Junior leaders are often uniquely positioned to recognize emerging problems, and of an ideal life essay, employ new technologies to solve them. It's up to us to give them the tools and the open channels to be successful, said Rear Adm. Terry B. Kraft, commander, NWDC. In his introduction, Kraft challenges the junior leaders to think deeply, question continuously, debate vigorously, read broadly, write boldly and never give up on a good idea. To download The Innovator's Guide, visit https://www.nwdc.navy.mil/default.aspx.
Videos and transcripts from NWDC's Maritime Innovation Symposium and Junior Leader Innovation Symposium are also available at proposal the website. If file size is an issue, Innovator’s Guide - Final Draft ( local copy, 321 Kb ), from the Navy Center for Innovation, Navy Warfare Development Command, 4 June 2012. Will It Work Here? A Decisionmaker’s Guide to Adopting Innovations ( local copy ), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Sep 2008 medical focus, but contains many questions every organization should ask about adoption of of an life potential innovations. Military Innovation in the Rise and Fall of Great Powers: Lessons for essay America ( local copy ), by Taylor, NPS thesis, June 2011 A military‘s ability to adapt its organization, doctrine, and technology strategy to meet the threats of its time influences the state‘s capacity to maintain great power status. This thesis uses a historical overview of military innovation among great powers throughout history to draw lessons for the U.S. military today. . Finally, and most importantly, this study finds it essential to foster a climate and institutional culture receptive to my idea of an ideal life essay, innovation. Philosophy Of Teaching. A true meritocracy would allow leaders to promote the most promising soldiers and officers despite their inability to meet any time-in-service requirements.
The year-group promotion system codifies a rigid bureaucratic structure that ensures slow change and my idea of an life essay, little innovation. How PowerPoint Stifles Understanding, Creativity, and Innovation Within Your Organization, by Zweibelson, in Small Wars Journal , 4 Sep 2012 - includes eight recommendations at the end, to restore the the alchemist omens briefer as a critical thinker PowerPoint provides a useful vehicle for sharing and of an essay, developing concepts among military professionals in a variety of venues. Unfortunately, the U.S. military tends to lose track of the supportive context for PowerPoint and instead shackles organizations to institutional processes and rigid ‘group-think.’ We tend to burden our military professionals with an exhausting and high-maintenance requirement to churn out repetitive and non-explanatory slide decks for nearly every conceivable information requirement. Rarely do we conduct a meeting without the ever-present bright projection of PowerPoint upon a screen. When you attend a briefing and the majority of slides and material attempt to thesis, reduce, measure, categorize, or describe something, we are often merely admiring the ideal essay problem.
Instead of amcas vs aacomas statement thinking about why something is my idea, occurring, we are usually required to answer precise information that satisfies a descriptive (WHAT-centric) procedure instead of a critical line of inquiry. Many military professionals refer to this as “feeding the beast” in PowerPoint-centric organizations, where we openly acknowledge that our own hierarchy often demands volumes of often meaningless or irrelevant information for illusionary pretexts. If descriptive thinking blinds your organization to critical and creative thinking, then PowerPoint is the drug of choice for continuing the reductionist and personal of teaching, highly tacticized mentality across an organization that fears uncertainty. Additionally, a recent trend of my idea of an ideal life cramming four slides onto amcas vs aacomas personal statement, one “quad chart” slide is another work-around that compresses a larger slide show into fewer yet more cluttered slides and ideal life, supports the vs aacomas personal statement ‘quantity over quality’ tension. This recent staff technique defeats the purpose of a quadrant chart that uses two separate tensions in my idea of an ideal essay an overlapping geometric structure to demonstrate patterns and explore complex relationships. ‘Quad charts’ are not interrelated if you apply one simple test. By removing one quadrant of a true ‘quad chart’, you will render the entire slide incomplete. Each quadrant in a quad chart should systemically relate to essay, the other quadrants in terms of context. Of An Ideal Life. If you are only removing one component while the three remaining quadrants maintain their coherence, your staff has merely shoved ten pounds of dirt into on early a five pound bag for you, by condensing four slides into one. This reduces total slide numbers, but does little to improve organizational learning. Many military organizations use ‘read-ahead’ packets that provide an of an essay advanced copy of the PowerPoint briefing slides in essay on early man advance of the briefing. In theory, this implies an alternate route for information sharing that, when combined with a briefing, could function in life essay tandem.
In practice, this requires two commitments that are rarely met. First, all attendees must endeavor to actually read the ‘read-ahead’ packet. This prepares an audience to enter a briefing cognizant of the topics, context, and prepared to offer relevant discourse to drive emergent thought. Secondly, the briefer must resist using any slides in personal the ‘read-ahead’ except for ancillary or expository reasons during the brief. Simply following the exact slide format as the ‘read-ahead’ drags those that invested time to read it earlier back through redundant information, and reward those that came to the meeting unprepared. Innovating the of an Future: From Ideas to Adoption, by the alchemist, Denning, in The Futurist , Jan-Feb 2012 - Futurists and innovators can teach each other lessons to help their ideas succeed. - discusses the essay items below and proposal, more Three most common methods used by futurists Revelation of current realities Extrapolation of trends Scenarios Eight innovation practices Sensing Envisioning Offering Adopting Sustaining Executing Leading Embodying. NASA's ASK magazine The Innovation Paradox ( local copy ), by Hoffman, in NASA's ASK magazine, issue 41, Winter 2011 - Sometimes organizational 'support' kills good new ideas. Many organizations live and die by good new ideas. The challenge they face is to cultivate good ideas by giving innovators just the right blend of freedom and my idea of an, support. Essays Personal. One simple approach that is not taken often enough is to let the innovators themselves decide how the organization can help them develop their ideas. A manager asking, “What do you need from me?” has a good chance of of an ideal essay finding the sweet spot between no support (“Do what you want as long as I don’t know about it”) and idea-killing interference.
Expecting the Unexpected ( local copy ), by amcas, Frasqueri-Molina, in NASA's ASK magazine, issue 43, Summer 2011 - creating a mitigation plan to deal with unexpected risks The author developed a risk-mitigation plan to my idea life, reestablish order from chaos. Remain calm. Halt the entire project or just the affected work momentarily and let everyone take a break. Immediately gather the essay on early man resolution team, which consists of the project manager and any of the people who can offer solutions; meet privately. Assess risk impact. Brainstorm solutions. Choose a solution. Obtain project sponsor approval. Communicate the ideal life solution to on european imperialism in africa, the entire team, resume project, resolve risk. Why Wikis at my idea ideal life essay NASA? ( local copy ), by Verville et al, in in india NASA's ASK magazine, issue 44, Fall 2011 Wikis are used across NASA for collaboration Some of the critical practices and principles for my idea of an essay successful wikis are listed below.
Wikis work best when they solve a problem that is evident to most of a group. Essay Imperialism. Wiki use needs to replace an existing work process, not add to work. Wikis need advocates and advertising. Seeding the my idea ideal life essay wiki with valuable content helps jump-start the process; with a blank page, no one knows where to start. Gradual growth is fine, and personal, starting small helps a core group of users become accustomed to the wiki (think pilot study). A wiki that serves a niche need is okay; it does not need to be all things to all people. Innovation Versus Adaptability: Seizing the Initiative Through Creative Thinking Versus Reacting to the Enemy ( local copy ), by Grothe, SAMS paper, 2009 Leadership must be committed to learning, underwrite experimentation, and my idea, create an environment that generates creative thought and innovation. Doctrine must incorporate more aspects of innovation, creative and critical thinking and innovative leadership.
The Army’s training constructs produce adaptive leaders, but must start to assess innovation as well, in order to generate this within the essay on european imperialism force as well. The most critical area the Army must focus change in is within Professional Military Education for field grade officers. Understanding Innovation ( local copy ), by Williams, in Military Review , Jul-Aug 2009 Field Manual 1-0, The Army, states that “Army leaders are continuing to foster creative thinking.” They are “challenging inflexible ways of thinking, removing impediments to of an life, institutional innovation, and underwriting the risks associated with bold change.” Perhaps this statement is true, but given the contemporary use of the word “innovation,” it is also meaningless. Claiming to be innovative carries about as much weight as declaring a love for puppies; it’s easy to say and unpopular to challenge. When words represent some indistinct idea, they are susceptible to essay, reinvention or distortion with potentially significant unintended consequences. Innovation Starvation, by Stephenson, in of an ideal life World Policy Journal , Fall 2011 Still, I worry that our inability to match the achievements of the essays personal of teaching 1960s space program might be symptomatic of a general failure of of an ideal life essay our society to get big things done. Innovation can’t happen without accepting the risk that it might fail. The vast and radical innovations of the on european mid-20th century took place in a world that, in life retrospect, looks insanely dangerous and unstable. Today’s belief in ineluctable certainty is the of teaching true innovation-killer of our age.
In this environment, the of an ideal life essay best an audacious manager can do is to develop small improvements to existing systems—climbing the hill, as it were, toward a local maximum, trimming fat, eking out the occasional tiny innovation—like city planners painting bicycle lanes on the streets as a gesture toward solving our energy problems. Amcas Vs Aacomas Statement. Any strategy that involves crossing a valley—accepting short-term losses to reach a higher hill in the distance—will soon be brought to my idea ideal essay, a halt by the demands of a system that celebrates short-term gains and tolerates stagnation, but condemns anything else as failure. Essays. In short, a world where big stuff can never get done. How We Think: Thinking Critically and Creatively and How Military Professionals Can Do it Better, by McConnell et al, in Small Wars Journal , 16 Sep 2011 This essay will summarize how cognitive theorists have described critical and of an essay, creative thinking in amcas vs aacomas personal general, and how some military practitioners have applied them. In doing so, this essay will propose principles of critical and creative thinking applicable to the military profession to of an ideal, provide a common vocabulary that describes the type of thinking we do. To expand and improve critical and creative thinking, military professionals need a common vocabulary that accurately describes the very thinking we are to expand and improve on. Sir Ken Robinson Sir Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity?, a TED.com video, 2006 - EXCELLENT 20 minutes Sir Ken Robinson makes an entertaining and profoundly moving case for creating an education system that nurtures (rather than undermines) creativity.
Changing Education Paradigms, video animation of Sir Ken Robinson's key concepts over time - EXCELLENT 12 minutes Sir Ken Robinson: Bring on essay, the learning revolution!, a TED.com video, 2010 follow-up to the 2006 talk - EXCELLENT 20 minutes In this poignant, funny follow-up to his fabled 2006 talk, Sir Ken Robinson makes the case for my idea life essay a radical shift from on european in africa, standardized schools to personalized learning -- creating conditions where kids' natural talents can flourish. My Idea Of An Ideal Life Essay. Sir Ken Robinson: How to personal of teaching, escape education's death valley , a TED.com video, 2013, from the TED TV special on education Sir Ken Robinson outlines 3 principles crucial for ideal life essay the human mind to flourish -- and how current education culture works against them. In a funny, stirring talk he tells us how to proposal thesis, get out of the educational death valley we now face, and my idea ideal, how to nurture our youngest generations with a climate of in india writing possibility. There are three principles on which human life flourishes, and my idea of an ideal life, they are contradicted by the culture of education in india essay writing education under which most teachers have to labor and most students have to endure. The first is this, that human beings are naturally different and diverse. Education under No Child Left Behind is based on not diversity but conformity. What schools are encouraged to do is to find out what kids can do across a very narrow spectrum of achievement. The second principle that drives human life flourishing is of an ideal life essay, curiosity. So in place of curiosity, what we have is a culture of compliance. Our children and omens essay, teachers are encouraged to life essay, follow routine algorithms rather than to excite that power of thesis imagination and curiosity. And the third principle is this: that human life is of an essay, inherently creative.
We all create our own lives through this restless process of on european imagining alternatives and possibilities, and what one of the my idea life roles of education is to awaken and develop these powers of creativity. Instead, what we have is a culture of the alchemist omens standardization. Seth Godin Seth Godin: Quieting the Lizard Brain, a 99 u video Bestselling author and entrepreneur Seth Godin outlines a common creative affliction: sabotaging our projects just before we show them to life essay, the world. Godin targets our lizard brain as the source of these primal doubts, and implores us to thrash at the beginning of projects so that we can ship on time and on budget. he states that everyone is creative; the important thing is to ship (your product, i.e., do something with your idea) Seth Godin: How to get your ideas to spread - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on essay, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) In a world of my idea ideal life too many options and too little time, our obvious choice is to just ignore the ordinary stuff. Omens Essay. Marketing guru Seth Godin spells out why, when it comes to getting our attention, bad or bizarre ideas are more successful than boring ones other TED.com videos - most are 6-15 minutes Matt Ridley: When ideas have sex - a TED talk (you may need to of an ideal, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) At TEDGlobal 2010, author Matt Ridley shows how, throughout history, the engine of human progress has been the meeting and mating of ideas to make new ideas. Essay Writing. It's not important how clever individuals are, he says; what really matters is how smart the my idea of an collective brain is.
Matt Ridley argues that, through history, the engine of on european in africa human progress and prosperity has been, and is, ideas having sex with each other. Erik Brynjolfsson: The key to growth? Race with the machines - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) As machines take on more jobs, many find themselves out of work or with raises indefinitely postponed. Is this the end of my idea of an ideal growth? No, says Erik Brynjolfsson -- it’s simply the growing pains of a radically reorganized economy.
A riveting case for why big innovations are ahead of us … if we think of computers as our teammates. Proposal. Be sure to watch the opposing viewpoint from Robert Gordon. Robert Gordon: The death of innovation, the end of growth - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) The US economy has been expanding wildly for two centuries. Are we witnessing the end of growth? Economist Robert Gordon lays out 4 reasons US growth may be slowing, detailing factors like epidemic debt and growing inequality, which could move the US into a period of stasis we can't innovate our way out of an essay of. Be sure to watch the in india writing opposing viewpoint from Erik Brynjolfsson. Elizabeth Gilbert: Your elusive creative genius - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Elizabeth Gilbert muses on the impossible things we expect from of an life, artists and geniuses -- and essays philosophy, shares the radical idea that, instead of the rare person being a genius, all of us have a genius.
It's a funny, personal and of an ideal, surprisingly moving talk. Essay Man. TEDxBerkeley - Carl Bass - The New Rules of Innovation has five trends he believes are driving innovation David Kelley: How to build your creative confidence - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on life essay, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Is your school or workplace divided into creatives versus practical people? Yet surely, David Kelley suggests, creativity is not the domain of only a chosen few. Imperialism In Africa. Telling stories from his legendary design career and of an ideal life, his own life, he offers ways to build the confidence to create. (From The Design Studio session at TED2012, guest-curated by Chee Pearlman and essay writing, David Rockwell.) Adam Savage: How simple ideas lead to my idea of an ideal essay, scientific discoveries - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Adam Savage walks through two spectacular examples of profound scientific discoveries that came from simple, creative methods anyone could have followed -- Eratosthenes' calculation of the Earth's circumference around 200 BC and Hippolyte Fizeau's measurement of the speed of light in 1849. Regina Dugan: From mach-20 glider to humming bird drone - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) What would you attempt to do if you knew you could not fail? asks Regina Dugan, then director of DARPA, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
In this breathtaking talk she describes some of the extraordinary projects -- a robotic hummingbird, a prosthetic arm controlled by amcas vs aacomas statement, thought, and, well, the internet -- that her agency has created by not worrying that they might fail. Steven Johnson: Where good ideas come from of an ideal life, - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) People often credit their ideas to individual Eureka! moments. But Steven Johnson shows how history tells a different story. His fascinating tour takes us from the essay liquid networks of London's coffee houses to Charles Darwin's long, slow hunch to my idea ideal life essay, today's high-velocity web. - he finishes with chance favors the connected mind Bart Knols: Cheese, dogs, and pills to end malaria - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) We can use a mosquito's own instincts against her. At TEDxMaastricht speaker Bart Knols demos the imaginative solutions his team is developing to fight malaria -- including limburger cheese and a deadly pill.
Edward Tenner: Unintended consequences - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Every new invention changes the world -- in essay on early man ways both intentional and unexpected. Historian Edward Tenner tells stories that illustrate the under-appreciated gap between our ability to innovate and our ability to ideal life, foresee the consequences. Essay On European. Charles Leadbeater: The era of open innovation - a TED talk (you may need to my idea ideal life, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) In this deceptively casual talk, Charles Leadbeater weaves a tight argument that innovation isn't just for professionals anymore. Passionate amateurs, using new tools, are creating products and paradigms that companies can't. Vs Aacomas Personal. A researcher at the London think tank Demos, Charles Leadbeater was early to notice the rise of amateur innovation -- great ideas from outside the traditional walls, from people who suddenly have the tools to collaborate, innovate and make their expertise known. Clay Shirky on institutions vs. collaboration - a TED talk (you may need to my idea essay, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) In this prescient 2005 talk, Clay Shirky shows how closed groups and companies will give way to looser networks where small contributors have big roles and fluid cooperation replaces rigid planning. Howard Rheingold on on european imperialism, collaboration - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Howard Rheingold talks about the coming world of collaboration, participatory media and my idea essay, collective action -- and how Wikipedia is really an outgrowth of omens essay our natural human instinct to work as a group. Sunni Brown: Doodlers, unite! - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Studies show that sketching and doodling improve our comprehension -- and our creative thinking. So why do we still feel embarrassed when we're caught doodling in a meeting? Sunni Brown says: Doodlers, unite!
She makes the ideal case for unlocking your brain via pad and pen. Jonah Lehrer: The Science of Insight Creation, 40 min. Thesis Hukum. video from Jonah Lehrer - contributing editor of Wired and author of How We Decide Science is getting harder. Finding notable, new facts is my idea of an ideal life essay, getting harder. So how can we increase our capacity for essay breakthroughs and insights? What can new disciplines like neuroscience teach us about the my idea of an innovation process? Jonah Lehrer explores creativity from on early man, a scientific perspective and discusses questions such as why we have our best ideas in the shower. talks about the feeling of knowing such as the tip of the tongue phenomenon talks about why brainstorming doesn't work - cites studies showing that allowing criticism leads to 7 times the number of useful ideas 24 hours later after folks have had time to ideal, think on their own outside the group we can all imagine more, if only we know how. 21st Century Enlightenment, RSAnimate talk by omens, Matthew Taylor - how the idea of a new enlightenment can help us meet the challenges we now face. Creativity Techniques - short descriptions of a whole passel of techniques. Roots of Innovation ( local copy, 2.7 Mb ), eJournal USA , State Department, Nov 2009 ( lower resolution, 800 Kb ) what is it? which cultures foster it? the global geography of ideal life essay innovation how do complementary skills help? secrets of essays personal of teaching collaboration 2009 innovation index by country ranking.
Predicting Military Innovation, by Isaacson et al, RAND, 1999 Although military technology is my idea of an ideal life, increasingly available and affordable, not all states have the capacity to improve military effectiveness by acquiring hardware. Integrative difficulties — in thesis command structures, doctrine and tactics, training, and my idea ideal life, support — are common in the developing world, and many states will have to find some level of the alchemist innovation to overcome such difficulties if they are to use military technologies effectively. This annotated briefing documents a research effort aimed at understanding and predicting how militaries may improve their battlefield effectiveness. The briefing first analyzes military innovation conceptually and then formulates a framework for of an ideal essay predicting the likelihood of innovative success. The research synthesizes a broad literature on innovation and provides a useful tool for education assessing future military developments.
Brain and my idea of an ideal essay, Creativity Institute, University of Southern California The mission of the essays philosophy Brain and Creativity Institute is to gather new knowledge about the human emotions, decision-making, memory, and communication, from a neurological perspective, and to apply this knowledge to the solution of my idea ideal essay problems in the biomedical and sociocultural arenas. From Stone to Silicon: A Brief Survey of Innovation, by Husick, Foreign Policy Research Institute, Oct 2008 - top 25 innovations of proposal thesis all time. Toward More Innovative Program Management ( local copy ), by Perino, in Defense Acquisition Review Journal, Feb-Mar 2005 - results of research into the science and psychology of ideal life innovation - using MBTI and FourSight assessment tools - includes formula for MBTI Creativity Index. Stimulating Innovation ( local copy ), by Kostoff, Office of on european imperialism Naval Research Science and Technology Innovation ( local copy ), by Kostoff, Office of my idea of an ideal Naval Research - compares literature-based and workshop-based approaches for stimulating innovation. Communication, Management Benchmark Study ( local copy ), Dept of Energy -- includes chapters on networking, alliances, organizational culture, and innovation Innovation, especially organizational, short chapter, covers a lot Creativity, how to amcas vs aacomas, cultivate, short chapter, covers a lot.
Creativity Web, resources for creativity and innovation 10 Kick Starts to Your Creativity Creativity Basics. Beyond Productivity: Information Technology, Innovation, and Creativity, National Academies Press, 2003 - addresses issues such as what makes people creative and how creative people work Leadership That Gets Results, by Daniel Goleman, in Harvard Business Review , - describes six leadership styles: Coercive, Authoritative, Affiliative, Democratic, Pacesetting and my idea life essay, Coaching. - Should emotional intelligence play a role in the workplace? -- some questions to stimulate discussion Emotional Intelligence Resource List ( local copy ) EQ.org directory of internet Emotional Intelligence sites. EQ Emotional Intelligence tests online - mixed quality, try several and vs aacomas, glean tidbits from the my idea ideal essay narratives. Jonah Lehrer: The Science of Insight Creation, 40 min. Education Essay Writing. video from Jonah Lehrer - contributing editor of ideal essay Wired and author of the alchemist How We Decide Science is getting harder. Finding notable, new facts is getting harder. So how can we increase our capacity for breakthroughs and insights? What can new disciplines like neuroscience teach us about the my idea essay innovation process? Jonah Lehrer explores creativity from essays personal philosophy, a scientific perspective and discusses questions such as why we have our best ideas in of an ideal life the shower. Essays Personal Philosophy Of Teaching. talks about the feeling of knowing such as the tip of the tongue phenomenon talks about why brainstorming doesn't work - cites studies showing that allowing criticism leads to 7 times the of an life essay number of on european imperialism useful ideas 24 hours later after folks have had time to think on of an ideal, their own outside the group we can all imagine more, if only we know how. The Idea Center, with IdeaFisher software, commercial brainstorming tool, with modules for strategic planning, speeches/presentations, conflict resolution, and in africa, creative writing Memory Skills Joshua Foer: Feats of memory anyone can do - a TED talk (you may need to of an life, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) There are people who can quickly memorize lists of thousands of education in india essay writing numbers, the order of all the cards in a deck (or ten!), and much more.
Science writer Joshua Foer describes the life essay technique -- called the memory palace -- and thesis hukum, shows off its most remarkable feature: anyone can learn how to use it, including him. Changing Minds in the Army: Why It’s So Difficult and What To Do About It ( local copy ), by Gerras and Wong, U.S. Army War College, June 2013 The following pages discuss why it is life essay, so hard for proposal hukum Army senior leaders to change their minds. Of An Essay. We do this by statement, first introducing the concept of frames of of an essay reference and then discuss how neuroscience sheds some light on why changing one’s mind is in africa, not so easy. We then examine the role of organizational variables on this process. Finally, we propose how strategic leaders might apply this knowledge to enhance the likelihood that as the environment evolves, they are able to actually change their minds. In large hierarchical organizations such as the Army, consistency of thought is the norm, and not the ideal life exception. Proposal Thesis Hukum. No leader wants to appear as vacillating or be accused of hemming and hawing on my idea of an ideal, key issues. Yet history abounds with negative examples of education in india essay writing leaders failing to change their minds despite new evidence or fresh information. Thinking in a Foreign Language Makes Decisions More Rational, by Keim, in Wired online journal, Apr 2012 A series of experiments on more than 300 people from the U.S. and Korea found that thinking in a second language reduced deep-seated, misleading biases that unduly influence how risks and benefits are perceived. The researchers believe a second language provides a useful cognitive distance from automatic processes, promoting analytical thought and reducing unthinking, emotional reaction.
Deadly Mind Traps, by Wise, Psychology Today , Jan 2012 Simple cognitive errors can have disastrous consequences—unless you know how to my idea of an life, watch out for them. [The article has specific examples of each of the errors below.] Redlining. Essay Imperialism In Africa. Anytime we plan a mission that requires us to set a safety parameter, there's a risk that in my idea the heat of the moment we'll be tempted to overstep it. The Domino Effect. In stressful situations, you see a failure in essays personal the working memory, which is involved in inhibiting impulses, says Sian Beilock, a psychology professor at the University of my idea of an ideal essay Chicago. Amcas Vs Aacomas. People lose the my idea of an ideal ability to think about the proposal hukum long-term consequences of of an ideal their actions. Education Writing. Situational Blindness. Full situational awareness requires incorporating outside information into my idea of an life a model of your environment, and using that model to essay, predict how the situation might change. If all you're doing is following the line of the GPS, and it turns out to be wrong, you'll be completely clueless about ideal life, what to do next. Double or Nothing.
Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky first pointed out personal philosophy of teaching back in 1979, we tend to my idea of an ideal essay, avoid risk when contemplating potential gains but seek risk to avoid losses. In Africa. For instance, if you offer people a choice between a certain loss of $1,000 and a 50-50 chance of losing $2,500, the majority will opt for the riskier option, to of an ideal essay, avoid a definite financial hit. Bending the Map. Such errors of amcas vs aacomas personal overconfidence are due to a phenomenon psychologists call confirmation bias . Ideal Essay. When trying to solve a problem or troubleshoot a problem, we get fixated on a specific option or hypothesis, explains Kring, and ignore contradictory evidence and other information that could help us make a better decision. Heuristics and Biases in Military Decision Making ( local copy ), by essay on early, Williams, in Military Review , Sep-Oct 2010 Fortunately, some have come to see the shortcomings of the classical MDMP process. It is illsuited for my idea ideal life essay the analysis of problems exhibiting high volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity. Essay. When combining hindsight bias and retrievability biases, we potentially fail to guard against an event popularized euphemistically as a black swan . My Idea Ideal Essay. Instead of the usual striving toward a “best practices” methodology, which is also full of personal potential heuristic biases, reflective practice calls for “valuing the of an ideal life processes that challenge assimilative knowledge (i.e. continuous truth seeking) and by embracing the inevitable conflict associated with truth seeking.” Ben Goldacre: Battling bad science, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to education, watch it on life essay, YouTube if the essay man TED.com version won't run on your computer) Every day there are news reports of new health advice, but how can you know if they're right? Doctor and epidemiologist Ben Goldacre shows us, at my idea of an life high speed, the ways evidence can be distorted, from the the alchemist essay blindingly obvious nutrition claims to the very subtle tricks of the pharmaceutical industry. Curing Analytic Pathologies: Pathways to Improved Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by Cooper, CIA Center for the Study of of an ideal essay Intelligence, Dec 2005 The Analytic Pathologies framework yields four insights that are crucial both to accurate diagnosis and to developing effective remedies.
First, the essay imperialism framework enables analysts to identify individual analytic impediments and of an ideal life essay, determine their sources. Second, it prompts analysts to detect the personal statement systemic pathologies that result from closely-coupled networks and to ideal life essay, find the linkages among the individual impediments. Third, it demonstrates that each of these networks, and thus each systemic pathology, usually spans multiple levels within the hierarchy of the Intelligence Community. Fourth, the essay on european in africa framework highlights the need to treat both the systemic pathologies and the individual impediments by focusing effective remedial measures on ideal, the right target and at the appropriate level. -- very good examination of personal of teaching many elements of critical thinking, with examples ( PDF version ) Check out Part III - Cognitive Biases.
Countering Terrorism: Integration of Practice and of an essay, Theory ( local copy ), overview of conference at FBI Academy, Feb 2002 from Appendix 8: Psychology of Bias These investigators found that there is omens, a general bias, based on of an life, both innate predispositions and experience, in animals and humans, to give greater weight to negative events or attributes . This is evident in four ways: (a) negative potency (negative entities are stronger than the equivalent positive entities), (b) steeper negative gradients (the negativity of thesis negative events grows more rapidly with approach to them in space or time than does the positivity of positive events), (c) negativity dominance (combinations of negative and positive entities yield evaluations that are more negative than the algebraic sum of individual subjective evaluations would predict), and. (d) negative differentiation (negative entities are more varied, yield more complex conceptual representations, and engage a wider response repertoire). My Idea Of An Essay. The authors review this taxonomy, with emphasis on negativity dominance, including literary, historical, religious, and cultural sources, as well as the the alchemist psychological literatures on learning, attention, impression formation, contagion, moral judgment, development, and my idea of an ideal, memory. They suggest that one feature of negative events that make them dominant is that negative entities are more “contagious” than positive entities. Tali Sharot: The optimism bias - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on proposal, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Are we born to be optimistic, rather than realistic?
Tali Sharot shares new research that suggests our brains are wired to look on the bright side -- and my idea of an life, how that can be both dangerous and beneficial. Daniel Kahneman: The riddle of experience vs. In India. memory - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on of an ideal life, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Using examples from vacations to colonoscopies, Nobel laureate and founder of on early behavioral economics Daniel Kahneman reveals how our experiencing selves and our remembering selves perceive happiness differently. This new insight has profound implications for economics, public policy -- and our own self-awareness. Widely regarded as the world's most influential living psychologist, Daniel Kahneman won the of an Nobel in Economics for amcas his pioneering work in behavioral economics -- exploring the irrational ways we make decisions about risk. Sensemaking David Moore Sensemaking: A Structure for an Intelligence Revolution ( local copy ), by Moore, National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC), March 2011 Mindfulness, wicked problems, paradigm shifts, intuitive thinking, validation, intelligence rigor, limitations, and more Sensemaking, whereby intelligence professionals would work with executive decisionmakers to explain data that are “sparse, noisy, and uncertain,” requires an interpreter and experienced champion to bring about a practicable understanding and of an ideal life essay, acceptance of the concept among intelligence practitioners. In India. David Moore has accomplished that feat. Of An Ideal Life. Further, he, along with collaborators in chapters 5 and 7, demonstrate how sensemaking can be accomplished as a collaborative enterprise.
Critical Thinking and Intelligence Analysis ( local copy, 1.4 Mb low res ), by Moore, National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC) occasional paper no. 14, March 2007 ( local copy, 12.1 Mb high res ) - includes generic and intel-specific discussion, as well as an on early appendix which is the my idea of an ideal NSA's Critical Thinking and Structured Analysis Class Syllabus NSA's Critical Thinking and proposal, Structured Analysis Class Syllabus - incudes plans for 10 classes, as well as a template for my idea of an ideal essay summarizing articles/readings. Failure Being Wrong - Why They Work This was the pivotal insight of the vs aacomas statement Scientific Revolution: that the advancement of knowledge depends on my idea of an life essay, current theories collapsing in the face of new insights and discoveries. Personal. In this model of progress, errors do not lead us away from the my idea of an ideal life essay truth. Instead, they edge us incrementally toward it. — Kathryn Schulz, in essays philosophy of teaching Being Wrong: Adventures in the Margin of Error. Leaders can let you fail and yet not let you be a failure. --- General Stanley McChrystal.
Science is always wrong. It never solves a problem without creating 10 more. --- George Bernard Shaw. Only those who will risk going too far can possibly find out how far one can go. The chief trick to making good mistakes is not to life, hide them — especially not from yourself. Instead of turning away in philosophy denial when you make a mistake, you should become a connoisseur of your own mistakes, turning them over in your mind as if they were works of art, which in a way they are. … The trick is to my idea life, take advantage of the in india writing particular details of the mess you’ve made, so that your next attempt will be informed by it and not just another blind stab in the dark. — Daniel Dennett, in my idea of an ideal life Intuition Pumps and essay writing, Other Tools for Thinking.
Kathryn Schulz: On being wrong - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Most of us will do anything to avoid being wrong. But what if we're wrong about that? Wrongologist Kathryn Schulz makes a compelling case for not just admitting but embracing our fallibility. Tim Harford: Trial, error and the God complex - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Economics writer Tim Harford studies complex systems -- and finds a surprising link among the successful ones: they were built through trial and error. In this sparkling talk from TEDGlobal 2011, he asks us to embrace our randomness and start making better mistakes. Adapt: Why success always starts with failure, video by Tim Harford (book by my idea life essay, the same title is on on early man, the Air Force Chief of Staff's 2012 Reading List) Tim's Principles of Failure: #1 - Be willing to fail . a lot.
#2 - Fail on a survivable scale. Eddie Obeng: Smart failure for a fast-changing world - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on my idea of an ideal essay, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) The world is changing much more rapidly than most people realize, says business educator Eddie Obeng -- and proposal thesis hukum, creative output cannot keep up. In this spirited talk, he highlights three important changes we should understand for better productivity, and calls for my idea of an essay a stronger culture of “smart failure. Seth Godin on on european imperialism, Failing Until You Succeed, video of an my idea of an ideal life interview for entrepreneur.com taking risks, challenging status quo, starting a business. Ignorance - a valuable resource Thoroughly conscious ignorance is the prelude to every real advance in science. --- James Clerk Maxwell. In an essays personal of teaching honest search for knowledge, you quite often have to my idea essay, abide by ignorance for an indefinite period. Stuart Firestein: The pursuit of amcas personal ignorance - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) What does real scientific work look like? As neuroscientist Stuart Firestein jokes: It looks a lot less like the scientific method and my idea of an ideal, a lot more like farting around . in the dark.
In this witty talk, Firestein gets to the heart of science as it is essay imperialism, really practiced and suggests that we should value what we don't know -- or high-quality ignorance -- just as much as what we know. Red Teams, Red Teaming, Red Team Thinking. University of Foreign Military and my idea of an ideal life, Cultural Studies (UFMCS) The University of amcas Foreign Military and Cultural Studies (UFMCS) at Fort Leavenworth is an Army-directed education, research, and my idea ideal life essay, training initiative for Army organizations, joint organizations, and other government agencies. Red Teaming is omens, a structured, iterative process, executed by highly trained, educated, and practiced team members that provides commanders an independent capability to fully explore alternatives to plans, operations, concepts, organizations, and capabilities in the context of the operational environment and from our partners’ and adversaries’ perspectives. UFMCS educates Red Team Leaders, Members, and my idea life essay, Practitioners; researches best practices for Red Teaming tactics, techniques, and procedures; and develops a reach-back capability to provide commanders and staffs alternative perspectives. Graduates of on early Leader and essay, Member courses receive an additional skill identifier (ASI). UFMCS The Applied Critical Thinking Handbook (formerly the Red Team Handbook), v. 8.1, Sep 2016 ( local copy ) We educate people to develop a disposition of curiosity, and help them become aware of essay biases and behavior that prevent them from real positive change in the ways they seek solutions and engage others. UFMCS Liberating Structures Handbook ( local copy ) Liberating structures are frameworks that make it possible for people and organizations to create, to do new things, to be innovative. These are processes or rules that can be put in place to encourage people to be free, creative, and get results, rather than find themselves oppressed, constrained, confined, or powerless. For things to really change, structural elements need to change, too.
Otherwise change is short-lived. Liberating structures are the forms that make it easy for ideal life people to proposal hukum, be generative together and of an ideal, make a significant impact with their creativity. UFMCS Group Think Mitigation Guide ( local copy ) Our education involves more than Socratic discussion and brainstorming. We borrow techniques, methods, frameworks, and omens, best practices from several sources and disciplines to create an education and practical application method that we find to be the best safeguard against individual and organizational tendencies toward biases, errors in cognition, and of an ideal, groupthink. UFMCS The Applied Critical Thinking Handbook (formerly the Red Team Handbook), v. 7.0, Jan 2015 ( local copy ) Our methods and education involve more than Socratic discussion and brainstorming. We believe that good decision processes are essential to good outcomes. To that end, our curriculum is rich in divergent processes, red teaming tools, and liberating structures, all aimed at decision support. UFMCS Red Team Handbook, Apr 2012 ( local copy ) Much of the material directly applies to vs aacomas personal statement, critical thinking and becoming better at it. Each section can almost stand alone, and Section XI – Structured Analytic Techniques – has a large variety of tools/techniques for overcoming “mind-sets” – including “9 Step Cultural Methodology” and my idea ideal life essay, “String of Pearls” tool and “Analysis of Competing Hypotheses” and a passel of others. Seeing Red: Creating a Red-Team Capability for the alchemist the Blue Force ( local copy ), by Fontenot, Military Review , Sep-Oct 2005 - includes list of Red Team best practices, and ideal life essay, a list of why Red Teams sometimes fail. Critical Thinking You want to have a mind that’s open enough to accept radical new ideas, but not so open that your brains fall out.
— Michael Shermer, editor of the alchemist essay Skeptic Magazine. Minds are like parachutes. They only function when they are open. Imagination is my idea of an life, more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and education in india essay, understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand. Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted. Trying to get people to reason in a way that is not natural for them. is like trying to teach a pig to of an ideal life, sing. You don't accomplish anything and you annoy the pig. — E. Jeffrey Conklin William Weil.
Men believe what they prefer. If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts. But if he will be content to begin with doubts he shall end in certainties. My story is proud. The entry of proposal thesis truth with chalk to mark those minds which are capable to lodge and harbour it. For myself, I found that I was fitted for my idea of an ideal life essay nothing so well as for the study of truth; as having a Mind nimble and versatile enough to catch the Resemblances of essay Things (which is the chief point) and at ideal the same time steady enough to fix and distinguish their Subtler Differences; as being gifted by Nature with Desire to essay, seek, patience to Doubt, fondness to Meditate, slowness to of an ideal essay, assert, readiness to consider, carefulness to dispose and hukum, set in order; and as being a man that neither affects what is new nor admires what is old, and that hates every kind of Imposture. So I thought my Nature had a kind of my idea of an ideal life essay familiarity and Relationship with Truth. — Francis Bacon, On the Interpretation of Nature , 1603. See red team thinking , especially the UFMCS Red Team Handbook.
Improve Your Critical Thinking, resources at Coping.us - includes summaries/lists of many methods and theories Overview of education essay Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Model of Problem Solving Watch out for Common Fallacies Online Resources for Improving Critical Thinking. A Way to Teach Critical Thinking Skills so Learners Will Continue Using Them in Operations ( local copy ), by Griffin and McClary, in Military Review , Nov-Dec 2015 However, despite both instructors and students enjoying the critical thinking classes, many graduates were failing to think critically where it mattered most—on the job. Ideal Essay. The first key is to establish an essay on early effective talent management program at the earliest possible opportunity, preferably from the start. Until an organization gets talent management right, with a high degree of person-job and person-organization fit, it will have very limited success with its other functions. My Idea Essay. The second key to teaching critical thinking skills is to ensure the thesis organizational climate values critical and innovative thinking. Building upon, and made possible by, a talent management program, an organization demonstrates its commitment to these values by expecting and rewarding critical thinking and innovation. Two Faces of Critical Thinking for the Reflective Military Practitioner ( local copy ), by Paparone, in Military Review , Nov-Dec 2014 Critical thinking has become quite the catchphrase. Yet, there is little published in ideal life essay military circles demonstrating a philosophical examination of what critical thinking means; hence, my intent here is to start that conversation.1 My argument calls upon two faces of critical thinking—a metaphor that conveys a dualistic approach toward a more reflective military practice. Education for Critical Thinking ( local copy ), by Williams, in Military Review , Jan-Feb 2013 A better strategy for the Army’s PME is to adopt an educational philosophy that focuses less on knowledge and proposal thesis, content and more on the ability to question and my idea of an ideal essay, argue. Essays Personal. Critical thinking means the ability to construct and defend an argument using reason, applying intellectual standards of of an life essay epistemic responsibility, and recognizing and countering logical fallacies as we see them in others and ourselves.
If we pay attention to our doctrine, this shift in thinking about professional education is a strategic imperative. We now accept as common knowledge that military operations defy rules, calling them instead “human endeavors, characterized by the continuous, mutual adaptation of give and essay on early man, take, moves, and countermoves among all participants.” We agree that war is about identifying and of an life, solving ill-defined problems where experts can and do disagree on the range of solutions. The problem is that we have a PME system that relies on an educational approach in which instructors are guides for each new class to proposal thesis, rediscover the ideal life essay same hackneyed truths as their predecessors. Mission command requires that we do more than allow for minor heresies. It demands that we develop “heretics”—leaders capable of challenging convention to create imaginative solutions regardless of the operational environment. An inquiry-based educational approach is the best way to develop these “heretics” because it is essay on european, about questioning, and good questioners unequivocally make better thinkers. Army Leadership Development and Leadership ( local copy ), by Hinds and Steele, in my idea ideal essay Military Review , Jan-Feb 2012 Colonels, lieutenant colonels, and essay man, chief warrant fives were also surveyed about what skills were lacking for recent [PME] graduates. The most common response was “appropriate critical thinking and problem solving skills.”
Developing Creative and Critical Thinkers ( local copy ), by essay, Allen and Gerras, in Military Review , Nov-Dec 2009 This article presents a definition of strategic thinking and then focuses on the two key antecedents of strategic thinking—creative and essays personal of teaching, critical thinking—and presents the Army War College approach to educating students in these skills. . Given these challenges and obstacles, how do we make Army leaders better at creative and critical thinking? First, we must teach leaders the knowledge, skills, and terminology associated with thinking competencies. These are acquirable intellectual skills. As suggested earlier, the best way to teach thinking skills to Army leaders is to of an essay, provide context-dependent skill development. Critical Thinking and the Development of Innovative Problem Solvers ( local copy ), by Drew, Naval War College, 14 Feb 2005 Integrating critical thinking into officer development requires the shifting of knowledge focused classes to self-study, teaching and the alchemist omens essay, using argument/concept mapping to my idea ideal, reveal student’s reasoning, and using the Universal Intellectual Standards as the basis of in india essay writing feedback on their reasoning. UFMCS The Applied Critical Thinking Handbook (formerly the Red Team Handbook), v. 8.1, Sep 2016 ( local copy ) We educate people to develop a disposition of my idea of an essay curiosity, and help them become aware of biases and behavior that prevent them from real positive change in essay imperialism in africa the ways they seek solutions and engage others. My Idea. UFMCS Liberating Structures Handbook ( local copy ) Liberating structures are frameworks that make it possible for on early people and organizations to create, to do new things, to my idea of an ideal life essay, be innovative. These are processes or rules that can be put in place to encourage people to be free, creative, and get results, rather than find themselves oppressed, constrained, confined, or powerless. For things to really change, structural elements need to change, too. Otherwise change is short-lived. Essays Philosophy. Liberating structures are the my idea essay forms that make it easy for people to thesis, be generative together and make a significant impact with their creativity.
UFMCS Group Think Mitigation Guide ( local copy ) Our education involves more than Socratic discussion and life essay, brainstorming. We borrow techniques, methods, frameworks, and best practices from several sources and omens, disciplines to create an education and practical application method that we find to my idea of an ideal essay, be the best safeguard against individual and organizational tendencies toward biases, errors in cognition, and omens, groupthink. Of An Life Essay. UFMCS The Applied Critical Thinking Handbook (formerly the Red Team Handbook), v. Essays. 7.0, Jan 2015 ( local copy ) Our methods and education involve more than Socratic discussion and essay, brainstorming. We believe that good decision processes are essential to good outcomes. To that end, our curriculum is rich in divergent processes, red teaming tools, and liberating structures, all aimed at decision support. Of Teaching. UFMCS Red Team Handbook, Apr 2012 ( local copy ) Much of the material directly applies to my idea ideal essay, critical thinking and becoming better at it. Each section can almost stand alone, and Section XI – Structured Analytic Techniques – has a large variety of tools/techniques for overcoming “mind-sets” – including “9 Step Cultural Methodology” and “String of Pearls” tool and “Analysis of Competing Hypotheses” and a passel of others. Critical Thinking and Intelligence Analysis ( local copy, 1.4 Mb low res ), by imperialism, Moore, National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC) occasional paper no.
14, March 2007 ( local copy, 12.1 Mb high res ) - includes generic and intel-specific discussion, as well as an appendix which is the NSA's Critical Thinking and Structured Analysis Class Syllabus NSA's Critical Thinking and my idea essay, Structured Analysis Class Syllabus - incudes plans for 10 classes, as well as a template for summarizing articles/readings. Critical Thinking issue of Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin ( local copy ), July-September 2006 This issue of MIPB focuses on the integration of critical thinking and scientific inquiry throughout the military intelligence curricula. It is amcas vs aacomas personal, our contention that critical thinking and problem solving skills are best taught in learning environments that encourage students to consistently engage in the implementation of the scientific method. To do this, instructors come to see themselves less as the my idea ideal life essay source of knowledge and more as facilitators of learning. Although most courses within USAIC include practical exercises, many continue to include hours of lecture, followed by objective tests. The Alchemist. Unfortunately, most students do not long retain much of what they have memorized.
Conversely, retention increases dramatically when they use what they have learned to conceptualize and to solve problems. Therefore, critical thinking can be integrated into the curriculum by adjusting teaching styles so that students are challenged to reflect on concrete learning experiences (a lecture, a film, a field trip), ask questions, pose hypotheses, and test those hypotheses against reality. When students are encouraged to use the scientific method on a regular basis, they become actively engaged in critical thinking; and as a result, they will become more sophisticated and life essay, effective decisionmakers. Team/Collaborative Critical Thinking Team Critical Thinking: Foundations Research Directions, briefing by Freeman and Serfaty, at on european 2002 conference Collaborative Critical Thinking, briefing by of an life essay, Freeman et al, Collaboration and Knowledge Management Workshop, 2003. Integrating Critical Thinking in the Curriculum of the Command and General Staff College ( local copy ), by Doyle, CGSC, 2008 The Command and on early man, General Staff College endeavors to my idea ideal life essay, instill critical thinking as a skill practiced by essay, its graduates. Of An Ideal Life Essay. To this end the college has introduced the concept of critical thinking as a class within the core curriculum. Students must take a “critical thinking test” both before and after the block of core instruction, and numerous graphic training aids line the classroom walls in an attempt to reinforce these ideas. Essay On Early Man. However, it remains questionable whether or not the concepts of critical thought, that are taught by the school, have made their way into the course work and class structure within the college.
This thesis will contend that to my idea of an ideal essay, create critical thinkers CGSC must incorporate the tenets of critical thinking throughout its curriculum and course design. Grading rubrics for the alchemist essay papers and tests, exam questions written to steer answers in a certain “correct” direction all to a degree contradict the of an ideal essay tenets of critical thought, yet exist within the course of study. Ideally, CGSC can stand as a seminal experience in on early the development of officers. An experience akin to that found in civilian graduate level education can be attained, but it will require a cultural revolution within the faculty to transition from a model based on training to a model based on education. Psychology of Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by of an life essay, Heuer, 1999, for CIA -- very good examination of many elements of critical thinking, with examples ( PDF version ) [from the introduction] Dick Heuer's writings make three fundamental points about the cognitive challenges intelligence analysts face: The mind is personal philosophy of teaching, poorly wired to deal effectively with both inherent uncertainty (the natural fog surrounding complex, indeterminate intelligence issues) and induced uncertainty (the man-made fog fabricated by denial and deception operations). Even increased awareness of cognitive and other unmotivated biases, such as the tendency to see information confirming an my idea of an ideal life already-held judgment more vividly than one sees disconfirming information, does little by on early man, itself to help analysts deal effectively with uncertainty. Tools and my idea of an, techniques that gear the philosophy of teaching analyst's mind to apply higher levels of my idea of an critical thinking can substantially improve analysis on proposal thesis hukum, complex issues on which information is incomplete, ambiguous, and often deliberately distorted.
Key examples of such intellectual devices include techniques for structuring information, challenging assumptions, and of an ideal essay, exploring alternative interpretations. Curing Analytic Pathologies: Pathways to Improved Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by Cooper, CIA Center for the Study of Intelligence, Dec 2005 The Analytic Pathologies framework yields four insights that are crucial both to accurate diagnosis and to developing effective remedies. First, the framework enables analysts to identify individual analytic impediments and determine their sources. Second, it prompts analysts to detect the systemic pathologies that result from closely-coupled networks and to personal, find the linkages among the essay individual impediments. Third, it demonstrates that each of these networks, and thus each systemic pathology, usually spans multiple levels within the hierarchy of the Intelligence Community. Fourth, the framework highlights the need to amcas statement, treat both the systemic pathologies and the individual impediments by focusing effective remedial measures on the right target and at the appropriate level.
Thinking and Writing: Cognitive Science and Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by Sinclair, CIA Center for the Study of Intelligence, Feb 2010 revision of 1984 monograph We are, in fact, better at of an essay generating problems than at solving them. Rarely can we say unequivocally that we have solved a problem, particularly if it is a hard one. Philosophy. Rather we keep plugging away at it heuristically. Often enough we manage to satisfice—to achieve a “best-possible” solution so that we can take up something else. The problem has not gone away and we do not really delude ourselves that it has. But being realists (i.e., heuristic individuals to the core), we accept the results and live with them—recognizing that sometime we may find ourselves returning to the problem once more. As I have noted, this is a sloppy way of doing business, but we sell ourselves short if we do not acknowledge its strengths. It deals as well as anything yet developed with the fact, to use Jerome Bruner’s words, that our “ability to deal with knowledge is hugely exceeded by the potential knowledge contained in man’s environment.”
A Mini-Guide for Teaching Critical Thinking, by Bean and Markham, Ira C. Eaker College for Professional Development (ECPD), 2008 This guide is designed to life, provide general information, strategies and on early man, a step-by-step process on Critical Thinking, two lesson plans which can be helpful in my idea ideal essay effectively teaching Critical Thinking, a case study which lends itself to essay imperialism in africa, thinking critically to come to of an life, a desirable resolution, and proposal thesis hukum, lastly, some recommended reading resources for providing a foundation to and assisting instructors in the classroom and with student consultation. A Tradecraft Primer: Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), posted by CIA, March 2009 This primer highlights structured analytic techniques—some widely used in the private sector and of an essay, academia, some unique to the intelligence profession. It is not a comprehensive overview of how intelligence officers conduct analysis. Rather, the statement primer highlights how structured analytic techniques can help one challenge judgments, identify mental mindsets, stimulate creativity, and manage uncertainty. In short, incorporating regular use of techniques such as these can enable one to structure thinking for wrestling with difficult questions. CIA Compendium of Analytic Tradecraft Notes ( local copy ) - CIA has made this edition  of the compendium available to my idea ideal life essay, the public to help shed light on how the Directorate of Intelligence meets the daily challenges of providing timely, accurate, and rigorous analysis to intelligence consumers Critical Thinking: Plugging (or Moving) a Hole in Our Swiss Cheese ( local copy ), by education in india essay, Johns, Assistant U.S. Attorney, 2009 Relying largely on the military’s design, testing and implementation, this paper proposes Critical Thinking (CT) training to augment current Recognition Primed Decisionmaking training (RPD).
CT training reduces normal human decision error in individual and group processes. Individual CT can reduce or, in a specific case, close a hole in the Swiss Cheese model. In a group, CT can also move the my idea of an essay hole out of alignment. Education In India Essay Writing. Combining CT training with Decision Support System improvements has reduced decision error in the military as shown by tests with active duty warfighters in battlefield simulations. Critical Reasoning for Beginners, by the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford - videos, audios, and slides (can play the audio while viewing the slides, and my idea life, avoid downloading 600+ Mb videos) In this six-week course delivered by Marianne Talbot, you will learn all about arguments, how to identify and evaluate them, and how not to mistake bad arguments for the alchemist good. Critical Thinking - tools to test/measure The Critical Thinking Rubric, Critical Thinking Project, Washington State University - assesses skill at each step of the my idea essay problem solving process, including ability of individual to identify and consider influence by in india, the context of the issue Seven dimensions to be assessed: Identifies and summarizes the problem/question at issue (and/or the source's position). Identifies and of an ideal essay, presents the STUDENT'S OWN hypothesis, perspective and position as it is important to essay on early man, the analysis of the issue. Identifies and considers OTHER salient perspectives and positions that are important to the analysis. Identifies and assesses the key assumptions . Identifies and assesses the quality of supporting data/evidence and provides additional data/evidence related to my idea, the issue. Identifies and considers the influence of the context on the issue. [they list some sample contexts to consider] Identifies and education in india, assesses conclusions, implications and of an life essay, consequences . Essay On European In Africa. Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric, by Facione and Facione California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST) Test of of an life essay Every Day Reasoning (TER) CRITO ( local copy ), a step-by-step method for creating a critical analysis essay, courtesy of Dr.
David K. Amcas Vs Aacomas Statement. Johnson, Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts C - State a C onclusion or claim R - State R easons or evidence meant to of an ideal essay, convince the reader . I - Test the I nference, or argument T - Test the T ruth of the R O - Construct the strongest imaginable O bjections, and respond to them. Active Learning Strategies to essay on european imperialism in africa, Promote Critical Thinking, by ideal, Walker, William Paterson University - a good summary of educational references regarding critical thinking. CriticalThinking.org - with 35 Dimensions of Critical Thought, GOOD series of short articles on affective and vs aacomas, cognitive strategies, incl such items as listening critically. Evaluating Critical Thinking Skills ( local copy ), from my idea life essay, U.S. Naval Academy's Center for Teaching and Learning -- criteria-based evaluation guide. Manual of essay Job-Related Thinking Skills ( local copy ), Department of Homeland Security - including deductive reasoning, reasoning with sets, inductive reasoning about real-world events, and statistical reasoning - includes quizzes throughout. How Critical Thinking Shapes the Military Decision Making Process ( local copy ), by Usry, Naval War College, 2004 A lack of Combatant Commander (COCOM) critical thinking in the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) is a causal factor in military failure at the operational level. My Idea Life Essay. However, critical thinking can improve the essays MDMP of the COCOM.
This paper analyzes the effects of critical thinking on the combatant commander’s decision making process by: defining critical thinking; illustrating its impact on intuitive and ideal life, analytical decisions; demonstrating barriers to critical thinking and proposing practical ways to on early, use critical thinking in the MDMP. Army officers are increasingly required to operate in situations they have not previously encountered and for which they have not been trained. In these situations, the of an essay ability to critically think through a problem, rather than apply previously learned solutions and procedures, is vs aacomas statement, crucial to Army success. This effort began in 2000, with the development of a theoretical model of critical thinking and the identification of eight high pay-off critical thinking skills for of an essay Army Battle Command. Critical Thinking Training for Army Schoolhouse and Distance Learning ( local copy ), ARI Newsletter, August 2003 - High Pay-off Skills to deal with the uncertain - includes a diagram of Conceptual Model of Critical Thinking and expansion on the following High Pay-off Critical Thinking Skills for Army Battle Command Seek a clear statement of the problem. Recognize main point in a message. Visualize plans to see if they achieve goals. Thesis Hukum. Construct a plausible story that ties all incidents together. My Idea Of An Life Essay. (. uncovering relationships, exploring alternative explanations of the information and in india writing, keeping an open mind to detecting patterns) Recognize fallibility and of an ideal essay, bias in own opinion. Generalize from specific instances to broader classes. Adopt multiple perspectives in interpreting events.
Determine when to seek more information. A Three-Part Theory of thesis hukum Critical Thinking: Dialogue, Mental Models, and Reliability ( local copy ) This chapter can only scratch the surface in trying to respond to these challenges. It is a very brief abridgment of Cohen, Salas, Riedel (2001), which provides more depth and detail, but is still only a start. The research had two main goals: First, to draw a map that links disparate regions of the my idea ideal critical thinking field, and second, to use the in africa map to navigate toward a more insightful theory of critical thinking, which will support the development more effective methods for my idea of an ideal essay improving it in thesis hukum Army battlefield command teams. The essence of my idea ideal life our theory is education in india essay, that critical thinking skill is exemplified by my idea life, asking questions about alternative possibilities in order to achieve some objective . Asking and answering questions is a skill of statement dialogue . Alternative possibilities are represented by mental models . A process of questioning mental models is adopted because of its reliability for achieving the purposes of the participants within the available time. Adaptive Thinking Training For Tactical Leaders ( local copy ), by Lussier and ideal life essay, Shadrick, U.S. Army Research Institute, 2004 ARI newsletters Training Small Unit Leader Adaptive Thinking Skills: Lessons Learned from Combat Training Center Exercises ( local copy ) Common Thinking and Judgment Problems Observed in Small Unit Leaders Difficulty reacting to novel situations – unable or slow to “think on your feet” Overly reactive. Education In India Essay. Difficulty in my idea of an life thinking like the enemy Focused on essay in africa, making quick decisions before fully analyzing the situation Inadequate monitoring of the situation or responding to cues in the environment Difficulty translating orders from higher echelons into actions Tunnel vision Overly focused on distracters; not on the big picture Difficulty shifting roles (e.g., combat to mediation within the same mission) Limited cultural awareness and necessary communication skills (specifically in dealing with civilians) Critical Thinking as Dialogue: a New Approach to Training Critical Thinking ( local copy ), ARI Newsletter, October 2004 (whole issue (3 Mb)) Critical Thinking Training for Army Schoolhouse and Distance Learning ( local copy ), ARI Newsletter, August 2003 - High Pay-off Skills to deal with the uncertain - includes a diagram of Conceptual Model of my idea of an life Critical Thinking and expansion on the High Pay-off Critical Thinking Skills for Army Battle Command Training Adaptive Leaders ( local copy ), ARI Newsletter, May 2003 - train a performance - a thinking performance - using the Think Like a Commander vignettes to improve ability to identify critical information Tacit Knowledge for Military Leadership ( local copy ), ARI Newsletter, Spring 2001 - Tacit knowledge scores, a better predictor of leadership effectiveness Training Critical Thinking Skills for Battle Command: How to Think, Not What to Think ( local copy ), ARI Newsletter, Spring 2001 - Improve critical thinking to improve battle command tactical performance Training and Assessment of Decision-Making Skills in essays personal philosophy of teaching Virtual Environments ( local copy ), ARI Newsletter, Spring 2001 - This research showed a linkage between decision-making and situation awareness
James Garrett Shaylyn Romney Garrett - Teaching Critical Thinking in my idea life the Middle East, a TEDxDeadSea (independently organized TED event) video They are committed educators whose work in the alchemist Jordan has focused on promoting critical and creative thinking. Their curriculum, called “Brain Camp,” is an educational intervention that focuses on building eight critical thinking skills with the aim of ideal life essay equipping the rising generation of amcas Jordanians to become creative and effective problem solvers. Center for Critical Thinking, aka Critical Thinking Community includes a library of short articles ranging from my idea of an ideal life, Socratic teaching to assessing thinking skills Other resources include the following Valuable Intellectual Traits. Rudyard Kipling, from The Elephant's Child in Just So Stories I keep six honest serving-men. (They taught me all I knew); Their names are What and vs aacomas statement, Why and When. And How and Where and Who. [ed. - answering those six questions is ideal life essay, often a good place to begin - and why is usually the one that pushes your writing past the knowledge level and demonstrates/reveals your insights]
Occam's Razor, published 1328 (also spelled Ockham) also known as the Law of Parsimony or Principle of Economy or Principle of Simplicity Principle from William of Occam (logician and Franciscan friar, c. 1285-1350 or 1280-1349) -- stating that given multiple theories to explain a set of essay on european observations the simplest explanation is to my idea life, be preferred Pluralitas non est ponenda sine neccesitate or non sunt multiplicanda entia praeter necessitatem - Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily. Never multiply explanations or make them more complicated than necessary. An explanation should be as simple and direct as possible Einstein's version -- make things as simple as possible - but no simpler modern variation -- Keep It Simple Stupid (KISS) Sherlock Holmes I have already explained to you that what is out of the common is usually a guide rather than a hindrance. In solving a problem of this sort, the grand thing is to be able to amcas personal, reason backward. That is a very useful accomplishment, and a very easy one, but people do not practise it much. In the of an essay everyday affairs of life it is more useful to reason forward, and so the other comes to be neglected.
There are fifty who can reason synthetically for one who can reason analytically. [in A Study in on european imperialism Scarlet , 1887] How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable , must be the my idea of an life essay truth? [in The Sign of Four , 1890] That process, said I, starts upon the supposition that when you have eliminated all which is impossible, then whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth. It may well be that several explanations remain, in education essay writing which case one tries test after test until one or other of them has a convincing amount of support. [in The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes , 1927] It is essay, a capital mistake to theorize before one has data. Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts. [in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes , 1892, A Scandal in Bohemia] I ought to know by this time that when a fact appears to be opposed to a long train of deductions, it invariably proves to be capable of proposal hukum bearing some other interpretation. [in A Study in my idea of an essay Scarlet , 1887] Data! Data!
Data! he cried impatiently. Essay. I can't make bricks without clay. [in The Adventure of the Copper Beeches , 1892] Maria Konnikova - The Scientific Method of the Mind - an RSA video Maria Konnikova reveals how Sherlock Holmes can teach us to optimise not only our own everyday existence, but our broader contributions to society and the lives of those around us. Improving Leadership through Better Decision Making: Fostering Critical Thinking, an my idea of an ideal life Air University research paper Appendix A discusses the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal - which is composed of a series of five tests inference test - gauges ones’ ability to discern the essays personal philosophy degree of truth or falsity of inferences drawn from the data that you are given recognition of assumptions test - samples the ability to recognize unstated assumptions in essay statements deduction test - samples the ability to reason properly when given a statement of premise; to recognize the relation of of teaching implication between propositions interpretation test - samples the ability to weigh evidence and make valid generalizations evaluation of my idea life arguments test - samples the ability to distinguish strong and relevant arguments from hukum, ones which are weak or irrelevant Critical Thinking I, lesson plan at SAMS, Leavenworth ( local copy ) Critical Thinking II, lesson plan at SAMS, Leavenworth ( local copy ) Logic Tutor, by Green - FREE online tutorial system on logic. Think Critically about life essay, What You Find on the alchemist omens essay, the Web Evaluating Internet Resources, by U. Albany Libraries Thinking Critically about Web Resources, from UCLA Library ICYouSee Guide to Critical Thinking About What You See on my idea of an ideal life essay, the Web, from Ithaca College Library Testing the proposal thesis Surf: Criteria for Evaluating Internet Information Resources, by of an essay, Alastair Smith, posted by education in india essay writing, U. of Houston Markham Nolan: How to separate fact and fiction online, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the TED.com version won't run on your computer) By the end of this talk, there will be 864 more hours of video on YouTube and 2.5 million more photos on Facebook and Instagram. So how do we sort through the of an life deluge?
At the TEDSalon in London, Markham Nolan shares the vs aacomas personal statement investigative techniques he and his team use to verify information in real-time, to let you know if that Statue of Liberty image has been doctored or if that video leaked from Syria is legitimate. Science and Reason You want to have a mind that’s open enough to accept radical new ideas, but not so open that your brains fall out. — Michael Shermer, editor of Skeptic Magazine. Even for the physicist the description in plain language will be a criterion of the degree of understanding that has been reached. — Werner Karl Heisenberg. This was the my idea essay pivotal insight of the Scientific Revolution: that the personal of teaching advancement of knowledge depends on current theories collapsing in the face of new insights and discoveries.
In this model of progress, errors do no lead us away from the truth. Instead they edge us incrementally toward it. — Kathryn Schulz, Being Wrong: Adventures in the Margin of Error. How Science Works ( local copy ), by Goodstein, in Reference Manual on my idea of an essay, Scientific Evidence, Second Edition , Federal Judicial Center, 2000 - compares Francis Bacon’s Scientific Method, Karl Popper’s Falsification Theory, Thomas Kuhn’s Paradigm Shifts, and personal of teaching, more. Steps of the ideal life essay scientific method (from CDC site) Name the problem or question Form an educated guess (hypothesis) of the cause of the problem and make predictions based upon the hypothesis Test your hypothesis by doing an experiment or study (with proper controls) Check and interpret your results Report your results to the scientific community. Baloney Detection Kit, by Michael Shermer, editor of Skeptic Magazine ten questions for assessing believability. Scientific Method Man, article in Wired , Sep 2004 - discussing verifier approach to problem solution, as used by amcas vs aacomas personal, Gordon Rugg With the verifier approach, Rugg begins by asking experts to draw a mental map of their field.
From there, he stitches together many maps to my idea of an life essay, form an atlas of the universe of man knowledge on the subject. You look for an area of overlap that doesn't contain much detail, he says. If it turns out there's an adjoining area which everyone thinks is someone else's territory, then that's a potential gap. His approach is built on the observation, noted as far back as the 1970s, that experts tend to cut to ideal life essay, the chase. Man. In their zeal to get to my idea of an ideal, an answer, they make many little mistakes. (A recent study of work published in Nature and British Medical Journal , for example, found that 11 percent of papers had serious statistical errors.) Experts unknowingly fudge logic to square data with their hypotheses. Or they develop blind spots after years of working in isolation. They lose their ability to take a broader view. If all this is true, he says, think of how much big science is thesis, based on flawed intuition. The verifier method boils down to seven steps: 1) amass knowledge of a discipline through interviews and reading; 2) determine whether critical expertise has yet to be applied in the field; 3) look for bias and mistakenly held assumptions in the research; 4) analyze jargon to uncover differing definitions of key terms; 5) check for classic mistakes using human-error tools; 6) follow the errors as they ripple through underlying assumptions; 7) suggest new avenues for research that emerge from steps one through six.
For more AFSO21 guidance/handbooks/tools/reference/etc. go to the AF Portal and do a search for AFSO21. AFSO21 adopts 8-step problem solving model, by my idea ideal life essay, Todd, 14th Flying Training Wing Commander's Action Group, 10 Mar 2008 Air Force Smart Operations for the 21st Century, or AFSO21, has adopted a new 8-Step Problem Solving Model to achieve continuous process improvement. This model is the alchemist omens, based on the OODA Loop and will make it easier for my idea of an life essay Air Force members to eliminate waste in the workplace. Air Force Smart Operations for the 21st Century - Playbook, May 2008 - over essay 300 pages of tools for improvement, including the of an life essay 8-step problem solving process The eight steps are expanded starting on personal statement, page B-1 (pdf page 15) (1) Clarify and Validate the Problem (Observe) (2) Break Down the Problem and Identify Performance Gaps (Observe) (3) Set Improvement Targets (Orient) (4) Determine Root Causes (Orient) (5) Develop Countermeasures (Decide) (6) See Countermeasures Through (Act) (7) Confirm Results and my idea life essay, Process (Act) USAF 8-Step Problem Solving Process template (AFD-090716-101.pdf) with expanded sub-steps and reference to additional tools. Process and vs aacomas statement, Design Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler. A designer knows he has achieved perfection not when there is nothing left to add, but when there is my idea ideal life essay, nothing left to take away.
— Antoine de Saint-Exupry. Performance Improvement Guide (PIG), US Coast Guard ( local copy ) The PIG is an idea source of thesis hukum tools, processes, and models. Organizational Performance Consultants (OPCs) and the latest Commandant’s Performance Excellence Criteria (CPEC) Guidebook are also valuable leadership and management resources. Design: Thinking not Process, by my idea of an ideal life essay, McCauley, Small Wars Journal , 15 Oct 2011 Senior officers capable of critical and creative thinking are needed more than ever to plan and conduct operations in strategic and operational environments that offer ever-changing uncertainties in amcas vs aacomas statement increasingly complex conditions. Officers who have a broad body of knowledge gained through experience and extensive study and capable of identifying and evaluating potential military response options within the context of a grand strategy are necessary to of an ideal life essay, achieve the goals of the nation.
The development of such officers requires a shift in essay imperialism in africa their extensive focus from the operational and tactical environments to the strategic environment. This is a tremendous undertaking given that by far one spends the majority of one‘s career at my idea of an life essay those lower levels of essay on early war and promotion to senior ranks relies upon excellence in tactical thinking and execution. The aim of the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, is to educate strategically minded officers with the ability to view military affairs in of an ideal essay the broadest context. This essay posits that integrating design as a process within JOPP is a shortsighted attempt to legislate thinking whereas the more appropriate option would be to develop officers capable of design thinking. To develop senior officers who possess the requisite worldview, critical and creative thinking must underpin the concept of design. Senior officers must understand the role constraints play within design and how the strategic environment is essay, affected. Two accepted approaches in my idea of an ideal design thinking, analysis/synthesis and conjecture/analysis, could provide senior officers with the unique perspectives necessary for essay planning at all levels of war. In addition, the unique skills that specific personality types possess that make strategic-thinking and design thinking more inherently natural must be recognized and promoted.
Strategically minded thinkers possess the ability to think critically and creatively. To think critically, one needs the ability to break concepts or objects into of an life essay simpler parts and understand the relationship and organization of the parts relative to the whole. To think creatively, one needs the ability to rearrange the components or ideas into education essay writing a new whole; in other words, to produce something through imaginative skill. Although some critical and creative thinkers are naturally gifted, given enough time almost anyone can develop these necessary skills. Unfortunately, for my idea the majority of senior military leaders, time is something that is personal philosophy, not in vast supply. In fact, given the relatively short duration of time that senior officers spend operating in the strategic environment and of an life essay, the even shorter periods they serve in any one position, it is a natural desire to on early, attempt to develop a checklist or shortcut that will guide these officers through the wicked problems rife within complex environments. The Master Planner interview in the August 2010 issue of Wired Magazine with Fred Brooks, author of my idea of an essay The Mythical Man-Month [focused on essay, writing computer code] and The Design of Design Great design does not come from great process; it comes from great designers. The critical thing about the design process is to identify your scarcest resource. You have to my idea of an ideal life, make sure your whole team understands what scarce resource you're optimizing. You build a quick prototype and vs aacomas statement, get it in front of users to see what they do with it.
You will always be surprised. Edwin Land, inventor of the Polaroid camera, once said that his method of design was to start with a vision of what you want and then, one by one, remove the technical obstacles until you have it. . I once argued that every member of a team should be able to see the code of every other member, but it turns out that encapsulation works much better. Problem Solving The one common experience of all humanity is the challenge of problems. — R. Buckminster Fuller. I am enthusiastic over my idea essay humanity's extraordinary and sometimes very timely ingenuities. If you are in essay a shipwreck and of an, all the boats are gone, a piano top buoyant enough to the alchemist omens essay, keep you afloat may come along and make a fortuitous life preserver.
This is not to say, though, that the ideal life essay best way to design a life preserver is in the form of a piano top. I think we are clinging to a great many piano tops in accepting yesterday's fortuitous contrivings as constituting the only means for the alchemist solving a given problem. — R. Buckminster Fuller. If I had an hour to solve a problem and my life depended on the solution, I would spend the of an ideal life essay first 55 minutes determining the proper question to ask, for once I know the proper question, I could solve the education essay writing problem in less than five minutes. Intellectuals solve problems; geniuses prevent them. We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them. The biggest problem in the world could have been solved when it was small.
There is always an easy solution to every human problem—neat, plausible, and wrong. If a problem has no solution, it may not be a problem, but a fact - not to be solved, but to be coped with over time. Problem-Based Learning: Instructor Characteristics, Competencies, and Professional Development ( local copy ), by Cianciolo et al, for U.S. Army Research Institute (ARI), Research Report 1936, Jan 2011 Preparing Soldiers to learn from problem-solving experiences requires that Army instructional practices become more responsive to individual student need, better attuned to operational requirements, and more representative of my idea life social learning contexts. To help instructors achieve this goal, the principles for facilitating problem-based learning must be investigated and their implications for professional development explicated. Essays Personal Philosophy. In this research, the instructor characteristics and competencies required to essay, implement problem-based learning were explored. Hukum. Techniques for instructor professional development in civilian and military contexts then were examined to identify best practices. Why We Can't Solve Big Problems, by Pontin, in essay MIT Technology Review , vol. 115, no.
6 - Nov 2012 Since Apollo 17's flight in 1972, no humans have been back to the moon, or gone anywhere beyond low Earth orbit. No one has traveled faster than the crew of Apollo 10. Essay. (Since the last flight of the my idea of an life essay supersonic Concorde in 2003, civilian travel has become slower.) Blithe optimism about technology's powers has evaporated, too, as big problems that people had imagined technology would solve, such as hunger, poverty, malaria, climate change, cancer, and the diseases of old age, have come to seem intractably hard. It's not true that we can't solve big problems through technology; we can. We must. But all these elements must be present: political leaders and the public must care to solve a problem, our institutions must support its solution, it must really be a technological problem, and we must understand it. Storytelling as an Instructional Method: Definitions and Research Questions ( local copy ), by Andrews et al, sponsored by AFRL, published in education essay The Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning , Fall 2009 - deals with problem-based instruction, scenario-based instruction, case-based instruction, and of an ideal, narrative-based instruction.
AFSO21 adopts 8-step problem solving model, by Todd, 14th Flying Training Wing Commander's Action Group, 10 Mar 2008 Air Force Smart Operations for the 21st Century, or AFSO21, has adopted a new 8-Step Problem Solving Model to amcas personal, achieve continuous process improvement. This model is life essay, based on the OODA Loop and will make it easier for Air Force members to eliminate waste in thesis the workplace. see AFSO21 section for my idea of an essay 8-step problem solving process and education writing, other tools. Process explained, narrative format, from handout at Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) Six steps Objective finding Fact finding Problem finding Idea finding Solution finding Acceptance finding. Traditional Six-Step Problem Solving Process Identify and Select the Problem Analyze the my idea ideal life essay Problem Generate Potential Solutions Select and Plan the Solution Implement the Solution Evaluate the proposal Solution. Planning Primer, U.S. Army Corps of my idea of an ideal Engineers, 23 pages -- includes discussion of problem-solving process ( local copy ) Planning Manual, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 321 pages -- includes discussion of problem-solving process ( local copy ) Six-Step Problem Solving Process, as used by Army Corps of Engineers Identifying problems and opportunities Inventorying and forecasting conditions Formulating alternative plans Evaluating alternative plans Comparing alternative plans Selecting a plan.
Techniques for Effective Decision Making, by Mind Tools Brainstorming - Generating Options Critical Path Analysis - Planning and Scheduling Complex Tasks Decision Trees - Powerful Quantitative Analysis of Decision Impact Force Field Analysis - Analysis of on european all Pressures For and Against Change PMI - A Powerful Enhancement to Pros and Cons SWOT Analysis - Analysing your Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. Wicked Problems Some problems are so complex that you have to be highly intelligent and well informed just to be undecided about of an ideal life essay, them. — Laurence J. Peter. Battle Command: An Approach to Wickedness ( local copy ), by McHenry, School of Advanced Military Studies, May 2009 There are two broad approaches to addressing ill-structured problems. First, a problem-focused approach which prioritizes a robust knowledge of the environment from which the problem has emerged. Second, a solution-focused approach that emphasizes the power of proposing solutions as the vehicle to gain understanding of the education in india writing ill-structured problem. By providing a robust explanation of ill-structured problems, it can then be shown that existing Army doctrine proves adequate to address and resolve complex operational problems. Command at the Edge of Chaos ( local copy ), by Schwartz, Naval War College, 28 May 2007 Traditional hierarchical military staff organizations at the operational level of command remain suited for executing status quo and slowly evolving military operations focused on simple problems. However, these same hierarchies are rendered ineffective when faced with complex or wicked problems—an increasingly common occurrence.
Replacing traditional staff structures with flat, self-organizing networks at the operational level of command and my idea, war will allow commanders to efficiently synchronize vast resources and more effectively attack rapidly evolving, complex and wicked problems. The cost to the commander is a requirement to cede control to the network while retaining command thereof. This paper looks at the limitations of hierarchical organizations, the advantages of leveraging self-organizing networks in a contemporary military context, and how such networks should be created and commanded. Finally, the paper provides recommendations to operational commanders concerning when and how to employ self-organizing networks within operational level staffs. How to Think : Wicked Problems, Reflections from Dr Jack, Combined Arms Center Blog, 11 Nov 2008 The term “wicked problems” was coined by Horst Rittel and Melvin Webber in 1973 to describe problems in planning that defy analytical methods for writing solutions includes Rittle and my idea of an life, Webber's 10 criteria for defining a wicked problem - with a brief description of each There are a number of key implications from the essay on european in africa concept of “wicked problems.” One issue is that there must be constant framing and reframing of my idea life essay a wicked problem to identify the thesis hukum second and third order effects of a plan or operation.
A great plan may be only treating a symptom and not the underlying causes of the problem – potentially making the my idea of an life situation worse. Constant reframing and assessment are necessary to identify this throughout planning and operations. Another issue with “wicked problems” is that there are frequently multiple problems and essay on european, issues within a problem set. Life. The tendency to identify a problem as a familiar and simple problem – looking for education in india writing simple cause and effect relationship – may mask multiple problems and lead to wrong solutions. Wicked problem, entry in Wikipedia - includes descriptions of several strategies to cope witih wicked problems, and ideal life, includes the omens following list of characteristics (from Ritchey, referring to Rittel and Webber) There is no definitive formulation of a wicked problem (defining wicked problems is itself a wicked problem).
Wicked problems have no stopping rule. Solutions to wicked problems are not true-or-false, but better or worse. There is my idea ideal life, no immediate and no ultimate test of a solution to a wicked problem. Every solution to a wicked problem is a one-shot operation; because there is no opportunity to learn by thesis, trial and error, every attempt counts significantly. My Idea Of An Ideal Essay. Wicked problems do not have an in india writing enumerable (or an life essay exhaustively describable) set of potential solutions, nor is there a well-described set of permissible operations that may be incorporated into the plan. Every wicked problem is essentially unique. Every wicked problem can be considered to education in india essay, be a symptom of another problem. The existence of a discrepancy representing a wicked problem can be explained in my idea of an numerous ways. The choice of explanation determines the nature of the problem's resolution. The planner has no right to be wrong (planners are liable for the consequences of the actions they generate). Sandia research team studies best way to solve wicked problems ( local copy ), Sandia National Labs, 29 Nov 2007 Wicked problems are complex problems that change when you apply a solution.
What’s the best way to solve a wicked problem — by working in a large group sharing ideas via the intranet or as individuals? That’s the question George S. Davidson and his research team at Sandia National Laboratories attempted to resolve this summer. Philosophy Of Teaching. . Life. “We were amazed at the length and proposal, quality of the responses, both from the life essay people working as a group and those working individually,” Dornburg says. “People were very engaged, often writing long, detailed responses.” She adds that what was most interesting is that the quality of ideas from the people responding as individuals was “significantly better across all three quality ratings.” Dornburg says the finding that individuals are more successful than groups in computer-mediated brainstorming suggests a time- and cost-saving potential for the alchemist essay companies. Of An Ideal Life. Generally, when electronic group brainstorming is compared to face-to-face brainstorming, it is touted as having the advantages of essay shorter meetings, increased participation by remote team members, better documentation via electronic recording, and life, cash savings. But the Sandia research suggests that people working to solve problems on their own might involve less time and, thus less expenses, than electronic group brainstorming. While individuals working alone nominally faired better in this study, Davidson says, the on european imperialism research also indicates that group on-line brainstorming can be effective when ideas are needed from large numbers of people. Pakistan’s FATA – A Wicked Problem ( local copy ), by McMahon, U.S. Army War College, 17 Mar 2009 - explores a wicked problem through the of an life lens of the amcas vs aacomas personal statement 10 characteristics of a wicked problem (from Rittel and Webber) There is No Definitive Way to Frame a Wicked Problem. We Cannot Understand a Wicked Problem without Proposing a Solution. Wicked Problems Have No Stopping Rule. Solutions to Wicked Problems are not True-or-False, but Good-or-Bad.
There Is No Immediate and my idea life, No Ultimate Test of a Solution to a Wicked Problem. Every solution to a Wicked Problem is a “One-Shot Operation.” Wicked Problems Do Not Have an Exhaustible Set of Definable Solutions. Every Wicked Problem is Essentially Unique. Every Wicked Problem is a Symptom of Another Problem. The Cause of a Wicked Problem can be Explained in Numerous Ways. What Are Wicked Problems? ( local copy ), from the alchemist, Ask the Academy at NASA Academy, 8 Feb 2006 What is my idea of an ideal life, a wicked problem? Conklin draws his definition from the work of the late urban planner Horst Rittel, who coined the essay writing term over thirty years ago: You don't understand the problem until you have developed a solution.
Wicked problems have no stopping rule. You simply run out of my idea of an time or money. Solutions to personal philosophy, wicked problems are not right or wrong. They are better, worse, good enough, or not good enough. Every wicked problem is essentially unique and novel. Every solution to of an ideal life, a wicked problem is essay on european imperialism in africa, a one-shot operation. Wicked problems have no given alternative solutions. So where does that leave the project manager?
The short answer — what Conklin calls the Holy Grail of effective collaboration — lies in creating shared understanding about the my idea problem, and shared commitment to the possible solutions. Decision Making and essay, Analysis When you get to the fork in ideal the road, take it. Short term thinking drives out long term strategy, every time. — Nobel Prize-winning economist Herbert Simon. See also tactical decision games contrasting intuitive and analytic approaches. See also combat leadership , including key historical decisions. U.S. Army War College Strategic Decision Making Paradigms: A Primer for Senior Leaders ( local copy ), by Allen and Coates and Woods, U.S. Army War College, 2010 Decision-making frameworks for policy levels are important for strategic leaders to appreciate how they can best influence decisions in their external environment. Essays Personal Of Teaching. This article’s purpose is to present some models or frameworks for ideal life essay understanding how strategic leaders can make decisions as well as recognizing how to influence decisions that affect their organizations or institutions.
The following models presented in essays philosophy this article are drawn from the social psychology, organizational behavior, sociology, and public administration literature. Models discussed: Rational Decision Making Model The Behavioral Model (Bounded Rationality) Bargaining Model Participative Decision Making Model Incremental Model Punctuated Equilibrium Theory Polis Model Garbage Can Model (Multiple or Three Streams Model) Strategic Decision Making Paradigms: A Primer for my idea of an life essay Senior Leaders ( local copy ), by Allen and Coates, U.S. Army War College, July 2009 'Strategic decisions entail “ill-structured,” “messy” or “wicked problems” that do not have quick, easy solutions.' How to Make a High-Stakes Decision, by Gallo, on Harvard Business Review Blog Network, 11 May 2011. 21st Century Small Unit Leaders: Developing the Ultimate Smart Power Weapon ( local copy ), by Gideons, paper at Joint Forces Staff College, Joint Advanced Warfighting School (JAWS), 17 June 2011 Globalization and proposal thesis, the information age have created an environment in my idea of an ideal life which small unit leaders have operational and amcas personal, strategic importance. The demands of the Irregular Warfare require small unit leaders within the General Purpose Forces to be more culturally aware; intellectually adaptable; seasoned in their decision-making requiring fundamental changes in the way they are educated, trained, and gain experience. This paper will first address how individuals make decisions by comparing and my idea of an essay, contrasting analytical and intuitive decision-making. Second, it will address the strengths and weaknesses in on early man current training and educational paradigms via an analysis of the Systems Approach to my idea essay, Training. Third will be a proposal for personal philosophy of teaching the inclusion of new initiatives for ideal essay developing small unit leader intuition and adaptability in IW.
Following this are recommendations for inculcating critical thinking and proposal thesis, decision-making skills in small unit leaders by adopting methods of instruction found in Outcomes Based Training and life, Education and Adaptive Leaders Methodology as well as the amcas vs aacomas statement experiential based learning that immersive training environments provide. Maria Konnikova - The Scientific Method of the Mind - an RSA video Maria Konnikova reveals how Sherlock Holmes can teach us to optimise not only my idea ideal essay our own everyday existence, but our broader contributions to society and the lives of those around us. TED.com videos - most are 6-15 minutes Dan Gilbert: Why we make bad decisions - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on man, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Dan Gilbert presents research and data from his exploration of happiness -- sharing some surprising tests and experiments that you can also try on ideal life, yourself. Watch through to the end for a sparkling QA with some familiar TED faces. In India. Tim Harford: Trial, error and the God complex - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Economics writer Tim Harford studies complex systems -- and finds a surprising link among the successful ones: they were built through trial and error. In this sparkling talk from TEDGlobal 2011, he asks us to embrace our randomness and start making better mistakes. Margaret Heffernan: Dare to disagree - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Most people instinctively avoid conflict, but as Margaret Heffernan shows us, good disagreement is my idea of an, central to progress. She illustrates (sometimes counterintuitively) how the amcas vs aacomas statement best partners aren’t echo chambers -- and how great research teams, relationships and businesses allow people to deeply disagree.
The former CEO of five businesses, Margaret Heffernan explores the my idea of an life all-too-human thought patterns -- like conflict avoidance and selective blindness -- that lead managers and organizations astray. Sheena Iyengar on personal of teaching, the art of choosing - a TED talk (you may need to of an ideal essay, watch it on education essay, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Sheena Iyengar studies how we make choices -- and of an ideal life essay, how we feel about the choices we make. At TEDGlobal, she talks about both trivial choices (Coke v. Pepsi) and profound ones, and essay imperialism in africa, shares her groundbreaking research that has uncovered some surprising attitudes about our decisions. Kathryn Schulz: On being wrong - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Most of of an us will do anything to avoid being wrong. But what if we're wrong about that? Wrongologist Kathryn Schulz makes a compelling case for not just admitting but embracing our fallibility. Malcolm Gladwell on What we can learn from spaghetti sauce - a TED talk (you may need to philosophy, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Tipping Point author Malcolm Gladwell gets inside the my idea of an essay food industry's pursuit of the perfect spaghetti sauce -- and makes a larger argument about the nature of choice and happiness. Noreena Hertz: How to use experts - and when not to - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on the alchemist essay, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) We make important decisions every day -- and we often rely on experts to help us decide. But, says economist Noreena Hertz, relying too much on experts can be limiting and even dangerous.
She calls for us to start democratizing expertise -- to listen not only to my idea of an, surgeons and CEOs, but also to the alchemist essay, shop staff. Barry Schwartz on the paradox of my idea of an ideal essay choice - a TED talk (you may need to omens, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Psychologist Barry Schwartz takes aim at a central tenet of ideal life essay western societies: freedom of choice. In Schwartz's estimation, choice has made us not freer but more paralyzed, not happier but more dissatisfied. Barry Schwartz: Using our practical wisdom - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) In an intimate talk, Barry Schwartz dives into the question How do we do the right thing? With help from collaborator Kenneth Sharpe, he shares stories that illustrate the amcas vs aacomas personal statement difference between following the rules and truly choosing wisely. Eric Berlow: How complexity leads to simplicity - a TED talk (you may need to ideal essay, watch it on personal statement, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Ecologist Eric Berlow doesn't feel overwhelmed when faced with complex systems. Of An. He knows that more information can lead to a better, simpler solution. Illustrating the tips and tricks for proposal hukum breaking down big issues, he distills an overwhelming infographic on U.S. strategy in Afghanistan to a few elementary points. George Whitesides: Toward a science of simplicity - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Simplicity: We know it when we see it -- but what is it, exactly?
In this funny, philosophical talk, George Whitesides chisels out an answer. Ideal. James Geary, metaphorically speaking - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Aphorism enthusiast and author James Geary waxes on amcas statement, a fascinating fixture of human language: the metaphor. Friend of scribes from my idea essay, Aristotle to in india essay, Elvis, metaphor can subtly influence the of an ideal decisions we make, Geary says. Man. Dan Ariely asks, Are we in control of our own decisions? - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Behavioral economist Dan Ariely, the author of Predictably Irrational, uses classic visual illusions and my idea of an life essay, his own counterintuitive (and sometimes shocking) research findings to show how we're not as rational as we think when we make decisions. Dan Ariely: Beware conflicts of interest - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) In this short talk, psychologist Dan Ariely tells two personal stories that explore scientific conflict of interest: How the pursuit of knowledge and insight can be affected, consciously or not, by shortsighted personal goals.
When we're thinking about the big questions, he reminds us, let's be aware of our all-too-human brains. Renata Saleci video on essays of teaching, (the tyranny of) Choice In this RSAnimate, Professor Renata Salecl explores the my idea paralysing anxiety and dissatisfaction surrounding limitless choice. Does the freedom to be the architects of our own lives actually hinder rather than help us? Does our preoccupation with choosing and consuming actually obstruct social change? Jonah Lehrer - The Decisive Moment, video of 30 min. lecture, plus 15 minutes QA, given at the RSA Jonah Lehrer draws on the latest tools of neuroscience to ask, how does the mind make decisions? And how can we make those decisions better?
Improving Analysis: Dealing with Information Processing Errors ( local copy ), by Rodgers, Warfighter Interface Division, Cognitive Systems Branch, AFRL, Nov 2006 Although humans restrict information in a variety of ways, the focus here is on essays personal philosophy, three specific forms that affect human information processing: (a) the my idea of an ideal life tendency to in india essay writing, see patterns where none exist, (b) the my idea of an ideal tendency to seek confirmatory evidence, and vs aacomas, (c) the use of of an ideal preconceived biases. Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman presented three heuristics, i.e., factors or conditions that humans use to essay, aid decisionmaking: representativeness, availability, and anchoring. They serve to simplify decisionmaking, making it more efficient; but use of these heuristics also can result in my idea ideal essay inaccurate decisions. Analysis Paralysis: A Case of Terminological Inexactitude ( local copy ), by Roberts, Defense ATL , Jan-Feb 2010 In the remainder of this article, I will examine three problematic conditions that are often attributed to essay imperialism, analysis paralysis. My Idea Essay. These are depicted in the figure on the right as overlapping circles, symbolic of the fact that one condition can feed off of another. In the essay imperialism in africa spirit of Churchill, I have also concocted somewhat grandiose but descriptive labels for my idea of an life essay the three conditions: Analysis Process Paralysis, Risk Uncertainty Paralysis, and Decision Precision Paralysis. Critical Thinking: Plugging (or Moving) a Hole in hukum Our Swiss Cheese ( local copy ), by Johns, Assistant U.S. Of An Ideal Life Essay. Attorney, 2009 Relying largely on the military’s design, testing and essays philosophy, implementation, this paper proposes Critical Thinking (CT) training to augment current Recognition Primed Decisionmaking training (RPD). CT training reduces normal human decision error in individual and group processes. Individual CT can reduce or, in life essay a specific case, close a hole in the Swiss Cheese model.
In a group, CT can also move the hole out of alignment. Combining CT training with Decision Support System improvements has reduced decision error in the military as shown by tests with active duty warfighters in battlefield simulations. From Tactical Planning to proposal hukum, Operational Design ( local copy ), by life, Davison, Military Review , Sep-Oct 2008 The three military decision-making models reflect a parallel progression in the evolution of essay on european in africa systems thinking. Initially, rational military decisionmaking supported solving well-structured problems such as those found in a mechanistic system. Decision-making primed by recognition subsequently evolved to address problems occurring in natural settings with which the decision-maker had experience.
An intuitive decision-making process then emerged to cope with those situations for which decision-makers had no previous experience. Recognition-Primed Decision (RPD) Model The Recogition-Primed Decision Model: an Alternative to the MDMP for GWOT ( local copy ), by Bushey and Forsyth, in of an ideal Field Artillery , Jan-Feb 2006 The Recogition-Primed Decision Model ( local copy ), by Ross et al, in essay man Military Review , Jul-Aug 2004 Klein, S. My Idea Essay. Wolf, Laura G. Militellio, and Carolyn E.Zsambok show that skilled decisionmakers usually generate a good COA [course of action] on their first try. Proposal Hukum. J.G. Johnson and M. Raab replicated this finding, extending it to show that when skilled decisionmakers abandon their initial COA in favor of ideal a later one, the subsequent COA’s quality is significantly lower than the first one. Decision Making and the Levels of amcas personal War ( local copy ), by my idea ideal life, Killion, in amcas vs aacomas personal statement Military Review , Nov-Dec 2000 Recognition-Primed Decision Strategies: First-Year Interim Report ( local copy ), by my idea of an, Klein and Crandall, ARI Research Note 90-91, 1990. Heuristics and vs aacomas, Biases in of an ideal life essay Military Decision Making ( local copy ), by omens essay, Williams, Military Review , Sep-Oct 2010 The Army values MDMP as the sanctioned approach for solving problems and making decisions.
This stolid template is comforting; we are familiar with it. However, what do we do when our enemy does not conform to our assumptions embedded in the process? We discovered early in Iraq that our opponents fought differently than we expected. Fortunately, some have come to see the of an life shortcomings of the classical MDMP process. It is in india, illsuited for the analysis of problems exhibiting high volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity. The Army’s nascent answer, called “Design,” looks promising. As outlined in the new version of FM 5-0, Operations Process, Chapter 3, Design is of an life, defined as “a methodology for applying critical and creative thinking to understand, visualize, and essays personal philosophy of teaching, describe complex, ill-structured problems and develop approaches to solve them.” Instead of a universal process to solve all types of problems (MDMP), the Design approach acknowledges that military commanders must first appreciate the situation and recognize that any solution will be unique. With Design, the of an life most important task is framing a problem and then reframing it when conditions change. In this article, we will survey three important heuristics to military decision making: availability, representativeness, and philosophy of teaching, anchoring. When combining hindsight bias and my idea, retrievability biases, we potentially fail to guard against an event popularized euphemistically as a black swan . Instead of the usual striving toward a “best practices” methodology, which is also full of potential heuristic biases, reflective practice calls for “valuing the processes that challenge assimilative knowledge (i.e. Essay. continuous truth seeking) and by embracing the inevitable conflict associated with truth seeking.”
Battle-Wise: Gaining Advantage in Networked Warfare ( local copy ), by Gompert et al, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, Jan 2005 Battle-Wise: Seeking Time-Information Superiority in ideal essay Networked Warfare ( local copy ), by Gompert et al, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, July 2006 Chapter One - From Firepower to Information Power to Brainpower Chapter Two - Cognitive Demands of Networked Warfare Chapter Four - Defeating Networked Adversaries Chapter Five - Integrating Intuition and Reasoning in Action Chapter Six - From Networking Power to Cognitive Power. Net Assessment: A Practical Guide, by Bracken, in omens essay Parameters , Spring 2006 Net assessment is my idea of an ideal essay, one of the on european imperialism in africa principal frameworks for analyzing the national security strategy of the United States. It has been used by of an ideal, the Department of Defense for many years. Essays Personal. Understanding net assessment—what it is and what it can do—is important for two reasons. First, it has general application to many military issues.
Military planners always need to be on the lookout for approaches that can help them do their jobs better. Net assessment should be in ideal that tool kit. Shaping the Next One Hundred Years: New Methods for Quantitative, Long-Term Policy Analysis, by Lempert, Popper, and Bankes; RAND report, 2003 A sophisticated reader ought to view with great skepticism the prospect of answering questions about the long-term future. The checkered history of predicting the future — from the famous declarations that humans would never fly to the Limits to Growth study to claims about the “New Economy” — has dissuaded policymakers from thesis hukum, considering the of an ideal effects of their decisions more than a few months or years ahead. However, today’s choices will significantly influence the course of the twenty-first century. New analytic methods, enabled by modern computers, may transform our ability to reason systematically about the long term. This report reviews traditional methods of grappling with the morrow, from narratives to scenario analysis, which fail to address the thesis hukum multiplicity of plausible long-term futures. The authors demonstrate a quantitative approach to my idea of an ideal essay, long-term policy analysis (LTPA). Robust decision methods enable decisionmakers to examine a vast range of plausible futures and design near-term, often adaptive, strategies to be robust across them. Essay Man. Reframing the question “What will the long-term future bring?” as “How can we choose actions today that will be consistent with our long-term interests?” these methods provide powerful analytic support to humans’ innate capacity for “what-if-ing.” Theory of ideal Effectiveness Measurement ( local copy ), by Bullock, AFIT dissertation, Sep 2006 Effectiveness measures provide decision makers feedback on the impact of deliberate actions and affect critical issues such as allocation of vs aacomas personal scarce resources, as well as whether to maintain or change existing strategy.
Currently, however, there is my idea life, no formal foundation for formulating effectiveness measures. This research presents a new framework for effectiveness measurement from both a theoretical and on early, practical view. Life Essay. . Finally, the pragmatic nature of the approach is essays personal philosophy of teaching, illustrated by measuring the effectiveness of a notional, security force response strategy in a scenario involving a terrorist attack on a United States Air Force base. Cultural Differences Cultural Factors in Complex Decision Making, by Strohschneider, in Online Readings in Psychology and Culture , Center for my idea life Cross-Cultural Research, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington USA, 2002 Decision Making in philosophy Individualistic and Collectivistic Cultures, by Gss, in Online Readings in Psychology and ideal essay, Culture , Center for Cross-Cultural Research, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington USA, 2002. Custer in Cyberspace ( local copy ), by Gompert and imperialism in africa, Kugler, Defense Horizons number 51, Feb 2006 One of the consequences of the ideal essay network revolution and corresponding distribution of authority is that many more persons up and down the ranks will be making combat decisions than compared to the days of centralized command and philosophy of teaching, control. Power is migrating from headquarters “to the edge.” Therefore, it is essential to ideal essay, foster battle-wisdom not just for senior officers but also for the junior officers and noncommissioned officers leading units in essays personal philosophy the field. Gladwell, Malcolm. Blink: The Power of Thinking without Thinking . New York: Little, Brown, 2005 Book review of Gladwell's Blink ( local copy ), by my idea ideal essay, Norton, in Naval War College Review , Winter 2006. Future Warfare and the Decline of Human Decisionmaking, by Adams, in Parameters , Winter 2001 In short, the military systems (including weapons) now on the horizon will be too fast, too small, too numerous, and will create an environment too complex for essays humans to direct.
Furthermore, the proliferation of information-based systems will produce a data overload that will make it difficult or impossible for humans to directly intervene in decisionmaking. Of An Ideal. This is not a consideration for essay imperialism the remote science-fiction future. Of An Ideal Life. Weapons and other military systems already under development will function at increasingly higher levels of complexity and responsibility--and increasingly without meaningful human intervention. Extending Naturalistic Decision Making to Complex Organizations: A Dynamic Model of statement Situated Cognition, by Shattuck and Miller, Naval Postgraduate School, 2006 Naturalistic decision making (NDM) has become established as a methodological and theoretical perspective. It describes how practitioners actually make decisions in complex domains. However, NDM theories tend to focus on of an essay, the human agents in the system. Essay. We extend the NDM perspective to include the technological agents in complex systems and introduce the dynamic model of situated cognition. A Literature Review of Analytical and of an, Naturalistic Decision Making ( local copy ), by Zsambok, Beach, and Klein, for statement Naval Command, Control and ideal life essay, Ocean Surveillance Center, Dec 1992 - examines many decision models/strategies.
Experts, expertise, and experience ( local copy ), course module from vs aacomas statement, NOAA What do experts do so well that others don't? Recognize patterns Detect anomalies Keep the of an ideal life big picture (situation awareness) Understand the way things work Observe opportunities, able to improvise Relate past, present, and essay on early, future events Pick up on very subtle differences Address their own limitations What is an expert? Novice - Lives in the moment. Can’t recognize complex relationships. My Idea. Produces limited options. Routine Expert - Great at everyday stuff, strong procedural knowledge. Runs into trouble when problems are ill-structured or novel. Adaptive Expert - Has a deep comprehension of conceptual structure of the problem domain. 25 hours of well done simulations can achieve the same effect as 2 years of experience (or much more) NASA's ASK Talks with Dr. Gary Klein - use of storytelling, even internally, to improve decision making and problem solving and development/use of expertise.
Military Decisionmaking Process (MDMP) Implications of Modern Decision Science for Military Decision-Support Systems, by Davis, Kulick, and Egner, RAND, 2005 Military Decision-Making Process (MDMP) ( local copy ), chapter 5 of FM 101-5 Staff Organization and essay man, Operations Is It Time to Abandon the Military Decisionmaking Process ( local copy ), by McLamb, in Military Review , Mar-Apr 2002 US Army Decisionmaking: Past, Present, and Future ( local copy ), by Paparone, in ideal Military Review , Jul-Aug 2001 How Critical Thinking Shapes the Military Decision Making Process ( local copy ), by Usry, Naval War College, 2004 A lack of man Combatant Commander (COCOM) critical thinking in the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) is my idea life, a causal factor in military failure at the operational level. However, critical thinking can improve the MDMP of the COCOM. This paper analyzes the effects of critical thinking on the combatant commander’s decision making process by: defining critical thinking; illustrating its impact on intuitive and analytical decisions; demonstrating barriers to critical thinking and proposing practical ways to use critical thinking in the MDMP. Descriptive Models of the alchemist essay Military Decision Making ( local copy ), by Klein et al, ARI Research Note 90-93, 1990. Combined Forces Command-Afghanistan Management Decision Model ( local copy ), DoD IG, July 2005 Considering the request for assistance and my idea ideal, the proposed application of the MDM, the DoD IG Team created a “universal” model that can be used to assess the capability and capacity of any organization founded on essay man, democratic principles and the “Rule of Law.” For the purposes of this model, the definition of “organization” includes the full spectrum of of an ideal organizational structures—from a nation-state to on european in africa, any type of government-, military-, or business-related entity.
Consequently, the DoD IG Team built the of an ideal essay attached model and identified the high-level elements common to omens, most organizations that should be considered to my idea of an, establish a viable, stable, and in africa, selfsustaining institution. This document, therefore, includes the of an life essay Management Decision Model, instructions on how to use the model, and a comprehensive description of the various elements embedded in the model’s architecture. Applying Dialectic to Acquisition Strategy ( local copy ), by Peeler, in Acquisition Review Quarterly , Spring 1997 - includes discussion of Kant's Hierarchy of Reason Hegel's Dialectic Karl Popper Simultaneous Antitheses. General Robert E. Lee and Modern Decision Theory, by Gilster, in AU Review , Mar-Apr 1972, including discussion of battle of Chancellorsville, and brief discussion of Lanchester Equations Bayes’ Theorem Von Neumann-Morgenstern Utility Theorem. Decision Sciences Institute (DSI), multidisciplinary international association dedicated to advancing knowledge and improving instruction in all business and related disciplines. Are You a Good Decision Maker? ( local copy ), from SBA -- includes Ten Steps to the alchemist omens essay, Wise Decision-Making and Common Decision-Making Mistakes The Human Side of Decision Making ( local copy ), from FAA -- brief examination of the human traits that interfere with decision-making.
Ladder of Inference ( local copy ), from NIH - a model that describes an my idea of an ideal essay individual's mental process of amcas vs aacomas personal observing situations, drawing conclusions and taking action War in the Pits: Marine-Futures Traders Wargame ( local copy ), NDU Strategic Forum 61, by West Marine generals and my idea ideal life essay, colonels vs futures traders in decisionmaking wargame The traders' OODA loop, executed at much higher speed, is ISAA: Information, Sort by Priority, Act, Assess Virtual Stress ( local copy ), in Marines Online , senior Marines vs futures traders in decision making wargame. The Collapse of Decisionmaking and Organizational Structure on on european, Storm King Mountain ( local copy ), by Putnam, USDA Forest Service, 1995 Numerous studies show no matter how many factors are important, the human mind normally can handle only about seven factors (e.g., seven-digit telephone numbers). Essay. People are not always aware of which factors dominate their decision process. Proposal. Although we say “safety first,” this doesn’t mean it’s necessarily first in of an ideal actual decisions. Also, people are seldom aware of the proposal hukum few factors they actually are processing so tend to be overconfident in their decisionmaking ability. Studies also show that our linear thinking tends to underestimate hazards, particularly if the hazard is increasing at a logarithmic or exponential rate as can happen on the fireline.
An example would be estimating rates of fire spread. A computer would give the better decision in life a heartbeat. People would tend to underestimate the rate of spread and have difficulty deciding on an appropriate course of action. And so it is important to understand the limits of education writing how we process information and common types of errors that can occur. Revisiting the Abilene Paradox - Is Management of Agreement Still an Issue?, by Deiss - brief discussion of the mismanagement of agreement, where nobody in my idea of an essay a group wants to do an activity, but the group does it because each member thinks all the others want to do it.
Intuition: an proposal Imperative of Command ( local copy ), by Rogers, in Military Review - examines relevance of intuition to decision making in the context of warfighting on the modern battlefield. Decisionmaking Theory ( local copy ), Marine Corps Doctrine Publication 6 the intuitive approach is more appropriate for the vast majority of typical tactical or operational decisions-decisions made in the fluid, rapidly changing conditions of war when time and uncertainty are critical factors, and creativity is a desirable trait Note 18. Intuitive decisionmaking more appropriate for the vast majority of tactical/operational decisions: A 1989 study by Gary A. Of An Ideal Life Essay. Klein (based on 1985 observations) estimated that decision makers in a variety of on early man disciplines use intuitive methods 87 percent of the time and analytical methods 13 percent of the time. Evidence now suggests that this study was actually biased in favor of analysis . More recent studies estimate the breakdown at more nearly 95 percent intuitive to 5 percent analytical.
G. My Idea Of An Ideal Life. A. Klein, Recognition-Primed Decisions in imperialism in africa William B. Rouse (ed.), Advances in Man-Machine System Research (Greenwich, CT: Jai Press, 1989); G. L. Kaempf, S. Wolf, M. L. Thordsen, and G. Of An Ideal Essay. Klein, Decision Making in thesis hukum the Aegis Combat Information Center (Fairborn, OH: Klein Associates, 1992); R. Pascual and S. Life Essay. Henderson, Evidence of Naturalistic Decision Making in Command and Control in C. Zsambok and G. Klein (eds.), Naturalistic Decision Making , forthcoming publication (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates); Kathleen Louise Mosier, Decision Making in the Air Transport Flight Deck: Process and Product , unpublished dissertation (Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1990). Decision Making Theory ( local copy ), Naval Doctrine Publication 6, Naval Command and Control The intuitive approach is clearly more appropriate for the fluid, rapidly changing environment of combat, when time and the alchemist, uncertainty are critical factors. Naturalistic Decision Making ( local copy ), an attempt to understand how humans actually make decisions in complex real-world settings, by Klein and Klinger, 4 pages, in Human Systems IAC Gateway , vol XI, nbr 3 -- article contrasts naturalistic with recognition-primed decision (RPD) model. A Framework for Military Decision Making under Risks ( abstract ) ( full copy ), by Schultz, School of Advanced Airpower Studies (SAAS) - includes discussion of my idea of an ideal essay Eisenhower's decision regarding Operation Market Garden - see especially Chapter 2, Military Decision Making and Prospect Theory - Command Decisions, collection of essays on education essay, the key decisions by both sides in both theaters of WW II. Some Commercial Tools Influence Net Modeling tools from my idea of an life essay, SAIC, combining subjective with objective Definitive Software, with tools re: scenarios, risk analysis, decision-making Decisioneering software, with tools for vs aacomas statement optimizing decisions in complex situations Reason!Able, software for organizing thoughts, analyzing arguments, and of an ideal, building decision skills Rationale ™ , argument mapping software. Decision-Making, by Kent, in AU Review , May-June 1971 - addressing the problems and of teaching, use of analysis More On Decision-Making, by Blythe, in AU Review , Jan-Feb 1972 - follow-on and response to above article. Gaming and Decision Theory Coevolution: Studying the Dynamics of Competition, and my idea of an ideal essay, Gauss: Scenario Translation ( local copy ), by McDonald, of essay SAIC, at my idea life Project Albert International Workshop 5, posted by USMC Warfighting Lab - includes out-thinking, out-doing, reflexive control, OODA loop, recursive anticipation, co-adaptation, adaptive mental model, and essay, more.
Game Theory.net, a resource for educators and students of game theory Stability Modeling and Game-Theoretic Considerations, Los Alamos National Labs ( local copy ) Decision-Theory for Crisis Management, Final Report, ARPA ( local copy ) A Framework for my idea life essay Military Decision Making under Risks ( abstract ) ( full copy ), by essays personal philosophy of teaching, Schultz, School of Advanced Airpower Studies (SAAS) -- see especially Chapter 2, Military Decision Making and of an, Prospect Theory. Paradox of Choice Sheena Iyengar on the art of choosing - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Sheena Iyengar studies how we make choices -- and how we feel about the choices we make. At TEDGlobal, she talks about both trivial choices (Coke v. Pepsi) and profound ones, and shares her groundbreaking research that has uncovered some surprising attitudes about our decisions. Barry Schwartz on the paradox of imperialism in africa choice - a TED talk (you may need to ideal life essay, watch it on essay writing, YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Psychologist Barry Schwartz takes aim at a central tenet of my idea ideal life western societies: freedom of personal statement choice. Of An Essay. In Schwartz's estimation, choice has made us not freer but more paralyzed, not happier but more dissatisfied. Renata Salecl - The Paradox of Choice - an RSA video Fusing sociology, psychoanalysis and philosophy, Professor Renata Salecl shows that individual choice is rarely based on a simple rational decision with a predictable outcome. Baba Shiv: Sometimes it's good to give up the the alchemist omens driver's seat - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Over the years, research has shown a counterintuitive fact about human nature: That sometimes, having too much choice makes us less happy. This may even be true when it comes to medical treatment. Baba Shiv shares a fascinating study that measures why choice opens the door to doubt, and suggests that ceding control -- especially on life-or-death decisions -- may be the best thing for us. Game Theory .net - a resource for educators and students of of an ideal essay game theory - with online interactive materials, syllabi, etc. Courses at Sloan School of Management, available online as part of MIT OpenCourseWare Project - includes syllabi and course materials includes Game Theory for Managers.
Game Theory, from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Risk intelligence: How to live with uncertainty, RSA video by Evans Risk intelligence expert Dylan Evans outlines a powerful form of thinking; one where the same intuition seen in the best poker players can be effectively transferred to business, politics and in africa, everyday life. Daniel Kahneman: The riddle of experience vs. My Idea Ideal Life. memory - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Using examples from vacations to proposal hukum, colonoscopies, Nobel laureate and founder of my idea of an ideal life essay behavioral economics Daniel Kahneman reveals how our experiencing selves and our remembering selves perceive happiness differently. This new insight has profound implications for economics, public policy -- and our own self-awareness. In India Essay. Widely regarded as the my idea of an ideal world's most influential living psychologist, Daniel Kahneman won the Nobel in Economics for his pioneering work in behavioral economics -- exploring the irrational ways we make decisions about personal, risk. Decisionmaking Theory ( local copy ), Marine Corps Doctrine Publication 6 the intuitive approach is more appropriate for my idea life essay the vast majority of typical tactical or operational decisions-decisions made in the fluid, rapidly changing conditions of war when time and uncertainty are critical factors, and creativity is thesis, a desirable trait Improving CIA Analytic Performance: Strategic Warning ( local copy ), by Davis, occasional paper for CIA's Improving CIA Analytic Performance: Strategic Warning - includes discussion of Substantive Uncertainty and Strategic Warning and Analytic Tradecraft for of an essay Managing Substantive Uncertainty and Averting Strategic Surprise through Alternative Analysis
Expecting the Unexpected ( local copy ), by Frasqueri-Molina, in NASA's ASK magazine, issue 43, Summer 2011 - creating a mitigation plan to deal with unexpected risks The author developed a risk-mitigation plan to reestablish order from chaos. Remain calm. Halt the entire project or just the essay on european affected work momentarily and let everyone take a break. Immediately gather the resolution team, which consists of the project manager and any of the my idea of an life essay people who can offer solutions; meet privately. Education In India Essay Writing. Assess risk impact. Brainstorm solutions. Choose a solution. Of An Life. Obtain project sponsor approval.
Communicate the solution to the entire team, resume project, resolve risk. A Framework for Military Decision Making under Risks ( abstract ) ( full copy ), by Schultz, School of Advanced Airpower Studies (SAAS) - includes discussion of Eisenhower's decision regarding Operation Market Garden - see especially Chapter 2, Military Decision Making and Prospect Theory - Complex vs. Complicated Eric Berlow: Simplifying complexity - a TED talk (you may need to on early, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Ecologist Eric Berlow doesn't feel overwhelmed when faced with complex systems. He knows that more information can lead to a better, simpler solution. My Idea. Illustrating the tips and tricks for breaking down big issues, he distills an overwhelming infographic on U.S. The Alchemist Essay. strategy in my idea of an life Afghanistan to a few elementary points. Systemic Operational Design: Learning and Adapting in Complex Missions ( local copy ), by de Czege, Military Review , Jan-Feb 2009 Nearly all missions this century will be complex, and the kind of thinking we have called “operational art” is often now required at battalion level. Fundamentally, operational art requires balancing design and essay, planning while remaining open to learning and adapting quickly to change. Design is my idea of an ideal essay, not a new idea. Command has always entailed responsibility for designing operations while penetrating complexity and framing problems that planners have to solve.
Individual ability to learn effectively, adapt rapidly and appropriately, and to solve problems has always been self-evidently valuable to commanders. Yet, collectively, a command’s overall quality of design, learning, and adaptation is what determines results. Military leaders may value individual creativity, critical thinking, continuous learning, and adaptability in their staffs and subordinate commanders, but individual traits do not necessarily add up to collective abilities needed for the best outcomes. Complicated versus complex systems. Merely complicated systems are composed of numerous parts and structures, all logically separable from their environment. Personal Of Teaching. An example would be the my idea of an life essay system for essay imperialism deploying units on a time table for my idea life essay an operation like D-day. Such a schedule could be accurately analyzed in the abstract. Complex systems are made up of dynamic, interactive, and adaptive elements that cannot be separated from interaction with their environments.
The significant elements of essay man complex systems are human beings and their relationships. An example would be the action-reaction interplay of the various actors in cooperation and contention on of an ideal life essay, D-day. Analysis could never predict the relationships that were the most important part of the flow of events. Where merely complicated systems require mostly deduction and analysis (formal logic of breaking into parts), complexity requires inductive and essay, abductive reasoning for diagnostics and my idea ideal life essay, synthesis (the informal logic of making new wholes of parts). Because the elements of complex systems we care most about proposal thesis hukum, are human ones, making sense of relationships requires hypothetical synthesis in the form of maps or narratives. Such maps and my idea of an ideal life essay, narratives evolve as informal products that reflect a dimly perceived truth at a moment of understanding in time. To make the best sense of human relationships, interactions, trends, and propensities, military commands have to adopt a habitually skeptical approach to essays of teaching, such non-deductive conclusions. Such habituation implies a new intellectual culture that balances design and planning while evincing an my idea ideal life appreciation for the dynamic flow of human factors and man, a bias toward perpetual learning and adapting. Adding to the Toolkit: Three Conceptual Tradeoffs ( local copy ), by Austin, SAMS paper, AY10 This monograph shows how understanding three conceptual tradeoffs of my idea of an essay complex versus complicated, complexity at large-scale versus fine-scale, and exploration of potential problems versus exploitation of essays personal philosophy known solutions can help the military practitioner better learn, anticipate and adapt to difficult problems.
It does so by defining the three conceptual tradeoffs and then applying them to Operation Iraqi Freedom for the United States in 2003 and the Israeli incursion into Southern Lebanon by the Israeli Defense Forces in 2006. Ideal Essay. These difficult operations involved conventional, guerilla, counterinsurgency and essay, irregular operations that provide two relevant examples to my idea of an, help the military practitioner better prepare for 21st century operations. Being a complicated or complex problem does not imply that one is amcas personal statement, easier or harder to manage than the other. They are just different. Complicated problems are problems that can be reduced and then reassembled into a whole based solely on their parts. They are understandable, controllable and more predictable than complex problems. Organizations do best with complicated problems when they focus on internal efficiency and optimization. Complex problems are not as predictable due to my idea ideal life essay, interdependencies and feedback. Organizations that learn, evolve, and adapt with distributed command and control manage them best. Although the ends may be the same, the ways and proposal hukum, means to solve complex versus complicated problems are different. To help understand how organizations orient towards complex problems, the scientist William Ross Ashby created a useful concept called the Law of Requisite Variety.
It states that a problem can only my idea ideal life essay be controlled if the variety of the controller matches the variety of the situation to be controlled. Put another way, the amcas statement complexity of a task must be matched by the complexity of a system trying to ideal essay, perform the task effectively. Much as hierarchically controlled organizations are able to focus on efficiency and optimization, the more distributed the essay on european command and my idea ideal life, control of an organization, the less efficient it becomes, despite its potential ability to manage more complexity. Hierarchical and distributed command and control systems therefore involve important tradeoffs, each bringing its own unique strengths and vs aacomas personal, weaknesses. TED videos Eric Berlow: Simplifying complexity - a TED talk (you may need to my idea life essay, watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Ecologist Eric Berlow doesn't feel overwhelmed when faced with complex systems. He knows that more information can lead to in india, a better, simpler solution.
Illustrating the tips and tricks for breaking down big issues, he distills an overwhelming infographic on U.S. strategy in Afghanistan to a few elementary points. George Whitesides: Toward a science of simplicity - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Simplicity: We know it when we see it -- but what is it, exactly? In this funny, philosophical talk, George Whitesides chisels out an answer. Tim Harford: Trial, error and the God complex - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Economics writer Tim Harford studies complex systems -- and finds a surprising link among the successful ones: they were built through trial and life essay, error. In this sparkling talk from TEDGlobal 2011, he asks us to embrace our randomness and start making better mistakes.
The Decision-Making Process for Complex Situations in a Complex Environment, by Benner and Benner, First chapter in Burstein, F. and Holsapple, C.W. (Eds). Handbook on Decision Support Systems. New York: Springer-Verlag (2008) While all decisions are a guess about the essay future, as complexity builds upon complexity decision-makers must increasingly rely on their intuition and judgment. This chapter explores the decision-making process for my idea essay complex situations in a complex environment (complex adaptive messes) in terms of: laying the groundwork for decision-making, understanding and essay, exploring complex situations, discussing human additive factors, preparing for the decision process and mechanisms for influencing complex situations. Laying the groundwork introduces the concepts of emergence, the butterfly effect, the tipping point, feedback loops and power laws. Mechanisms for influencing complex situations include structural adaptation, boundary management, absorption, optimum complexity, simplification, sense and respond, amplification, and life essay, seeding. The authors forward that decision-makers may be able to construct a strategy that guides problem resolution through a sequence of decisions and actions leading toward an education writing acceptable solution. Leading Complex Projects in the DoD ( local copy ), by Meier, in Defense AT L , May-June 2013 [AT L = Acquisition, Technology Logistics] There is a quote from Albert Einstein that is very relevant to complex projects: “Any intelligent fool can make things bigger and more complex. . It takes a touch of genius—and a lot of courage—to move in the opposite of an life essay direction.” In many cases, it is organizations, agencies, and senior committees that make projects bigger and more complex than they need to be. My hope is that this article will provide leaders of complex projects with the data and the courage to reduce complexity and deliver complex projects within scope, cost, and essay man, schedule. Leadership and Systems Thinking ( local copy ), by life essay, Reed, in Defense AT L , May-June 2006 [AT L = Acquisition, Technology Logistics] The Department of Defense is a large and complex social system with many interrelated parts. As with any system of education in india essay writing this type, when changes are made to one part, many others are affected in a cascading and often unpredictable manner.
Thus, organizational decisions are fraught with second- and third-order effects that result in my idea essay unintended consequences. “Fire and forget” approaches are rarely sufficient and philosophy of teaching, are sometimes downright harmful. Peter Senge submits, in The Fifth Discipline , that systems thinking provides just the type of discipline and my idea, toolset needed to essay, encourage the seeing of “interrelationships rather than things, for seeing patterns of change rather than static ‘snapshots.’” Senge argues that this shift of mind is of an life essay, necessary to deal with the in india writing complexities of dynamic social systems. Peirce, Pragmatism, and The Right Way of Thinking ( local copy ), by Campbell, Sandia National Labs, Aug 2011 Peirce is known as the founder of the philosophy of pragmatism and these lectures, given near the end of his life, represent his mature thoughts on the philosophy. Peirce’s decomposition of thinking into abduction, deduction, and induction is my idea of an ideal life, among the important points in the lectures. Adaptive Peircean Decision Aid Project Summary Assessments ( local copy ), by on early, Senglaub, Sandia National Laboratories, Dec 2006 Abstract - This effort's objective was to identify and hybridize a suite of technologies enabling the development of predictive decision aids for use principally in combat environments but also in any complex information terrain.
The technologies required included formal concept analysis for knowledge representation and information operations, Peircean reasoning to support hypothesis generation, Mill’s canons to begin defining information operators that support the first two technologies and co-evolutionary game theory to provide the environment / domain to assess predictions from the of an ideal reasoning engines. The intended application domain is the IED problem because of proposal its inherent evolutionary nature. While a fully functioning integrated algorithm was not achieved the my idea hybridization and demonstration of the technologies was accomplished and demonstration of utility provided for a number of ancillary queries. On European In Africa. Figure 1 [on PDF page 5] shows a decision making paradigm The reasoning engine is ideal life, based on essay imperialism, C.S. Peirce’s model of scientific inquiry. This philosophical construct provides the my idea ideal essay foundation for how we as humans reason about situations new to us. This model consists of three reasoning capabilities; Abduction, deduction and induction. A crude way of looking at this suite of on european imperialism logic is abduction provides plausible hypotheses to explain an observation, deduction provides a basis for selecting from that set of my idea of an essay hypotheses, and induction is the means to validate the hypothesis selected. Bringing Intelligence About: Practitioners Reflect on Best Practices ( local copy ), ed. by Swenson, Joint Military Intelligence College, 2003 Reasoning: The ability to reason is amcas statement, what permits humans to process information and formulate explanations, to assign meaning to my idea of an essay, observed phenomena.
It is by reasoning that analysts transform information into essay on early man intelligence, in my idea ideal life these three ways: 1. Induction: Inductive reasoning combines separate fragments of information, or specific answers to problems, to essay, form general rules or conclusions. For example, using induction, a child learns to associate the color red with heat and heat with pain, and then to generalize these associations to new situations. Rigorous induction depends upon of an ideal life essay, demonstrating the validity of causal relationships between observed phenomena, not merely associating them with each other. 2. Deduction: Deductive reasoning applies general rules to specific problems to arrive at conclusions. Analysts begin with a set of rules and use them as a basis for man interpreting information. For example, an analyst who follows the nuclear weapons program of my idea of an a country might notice that a characteristic series of events preceded the last nuclear weapons test. Upon seeing evidence that those same events are occurring again, the analyst might deduce that a second nuclear test is imminent. However, this conclusion would be made cautiously, since deduction works best in closed systems such as mathematics, making it of limited use in amcas vs aacomas statement forecasting human behavior. My Idea Of An Ideal Life Essay. 3. Abduction: Abductive reasoning describes the philosophy of teaching thought process that accompanies “insight” or intuition. Of An Life. When the information does not match that expected, the analyst asks “why?,” thereby generating novel hypotheses to explain given evidence that does not readily suggest a familiar explanation.
For example, given two shipping manifests, one showing oranges and lemons being shipped from Venezuela to Florida, and the other showing carnations being shipped from Delaware to omens, Colombia, abductive reasoning is of an life essay, what enables the analyst to omens essay, take an analytic leap and ask, “Why is citrus fruit being sent to the worldwide capital of citrus farming, while carnations are being sent to the world’s primary exporter of that product? What is really going on here?” Thus, abduction relies on the analyst’s preparation and life, experience to suggest possible explanations that must then be tested. Abduction generates new research questions rather than solutions. Manual of Job-Related Thinking Skills ( local copy ), Department of thesis hukum Homeland Security - including deductive reasoning, reasoning with sets, inductive reasoning about real-world events, and statistical reasoning - includes quizzes throughout. Statistics and Trace Evidence: The Tyranny of Numbers ( local copy ), by Houck, in Forensic Science Communications , FBI - discusses induction and deduction and their application in establishing evidence - see especially the ideal life essay section How Do We Know All Ravens Are Black? quick definitions at an NIH site listing desired job skills Deductive Reasoning - Able to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers, including deciding whether an answer makes sense. Inductive Reasoning - Able to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. This includes coming up with a logical explanation for why seemingly unrelated events occur together.
Janusian Thinking and Acting ( local copy ), by Paparone and Crupi, in Military Review , Jan-Feb 2002 The authors maintain that the current U.S. approach to military operations-strategic, operational, and tactical-is too linear for omens essay today's contemporary operating environment. They argue that future warfighters must move beyond linear thought and action to a realm of thinking and life essay, acting that recognizes and accepts paired yet opposite ideas and actions Instead of ruling out alternative hypotheses, Janusian thinking calls on us to embrace contradictions as naturally occurring phenomena. When we create insights for essay thinking and acting from the Janusian framework, we achieve remarkable explanatory power over life essay the nature of on european imperialism in africa human information processing. The seats of reason? An imaging study of deductive and my idea of an essay, inductive reasoning, by essay man, Goel et al, Dept of of an essay Psychology, York U., North York, Ontario, CA -- abstract posted by National Library of Medicine. We carried out a neuroimaging study to test the neurophysiological predictions made by different cognitive models of reasoning. Ten normal volunteers performed deductive and inductive reasoning tasks while their regional cerebral blood flow pattern was recorded using [15O]H2O PET imaging. In the control condition subjects semantically comprehended sets of three sentences. In the deductive reasoning condition subjects determined whether the third sentence was entailed by the first two sentences.
In the inductive reasoning condition subjects reported whether the third sentence was plausible given the essay imperialism first two sentences. My Idea Of An Ideal Life. The deduction condition resulted in activation of the left inferior frontal gyrus (Brodmann areas 45, 47). The induction condition resulted in activation of a large area comprised of the the alchemist left medial frontal gyrus, the left cingulate gyrus, and the left superior frontal gyrus (Brodmann areas 8, 9, 24, 32). Induction was distinguished from deduction by of an life essay, the involvement of the on early medial aspect of the life essay left superior frontal gyrus (Brodmann areas 8, 9). These results are consistent with cognitive models of reasoning that postulate different mechanisms for in india essay inductive and deductive reasoning and view deduction as a formal rule-based process. PMID: 9175134 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Deductive Logic, by St. My Idea Life. George Stock, posted by Project Gutenberg. Counterfactual Reasoning Counterfactual Reasoning: A Basic Guide for Analysts, Strategists, and Decision Makers ( local copy ), by Hendrickson, The Proteus Monograph Series , Oct 2008 Counterfactual reasoning is the process of evaluating conditional claims about alternate possibilities and their consequences (i.e., “What If” statements). Essays Philosophy Of Teaching. These alternatives can be either past possibilities (e.g., “If the United States had not abolished the Iraqi army in 2003, then the Iraqi insurgency would have been significantly smaller in 2005”) or future possibilities (e.g., “If Iran had nuclear weapons, then it would provide this technology to Hezbollah”). Life Essay. Counterfactuals are essential to intelligence analysis because they are implicit in all strategic assessments.
Counterfactual claims are widespread among our national security analysts, strategists, and decision makers. Unfortunately, this is statement, not widely recognized. Furthermore, there is no comprehensive model of counterfactual reasoning to which anyone may turn if they do become aware of the ubiquitous nature of counterfactuals within intelligence and national security. Instead, there are several fragmented approaches in ideal essay philosophy, logic, history, political science, and psychology. To make matters worse, none of these approaches has been applied to the unique challenges of intelligence and proposal thesis hukum, security. My Idea. In response, this work seeks to on european in africa, demonstrate both the my idea of an ideal life structure and the significance of counterfactual reasoning. It offers not only the first complete system of counterfactual reasoning (of which this author is aware), but the first one specifically designed to address the domain of intelligence analysis and national security. Furthermore, this work proposes three major claims about the place of counterfactual reasoning in man analysis and strategy. Therefore, this work is life, not only intended to essays, serve as an education in counterfactual reasoning, but also as an exhortation to counterfactual reasoning. First Major Proposal (The Strategic Presumption of Counterfactuals): All strategies (and analyses of them) are grounded in a series of counterfactual claims about alternate possibilities, their consequences, and of an, the relationships between them.
Second Major Proposal (The Systematic Potential of Counterfactuals): Major extant methods for assessing alternate possibilities, their consequences, and education in india, the relationships between them may be viewed as ultimately not distinct, but as aspects of a single process—counterfactual reasoning. Third Major Proposal (The Structural Priority of Counterfactuals): All assessment of alternate possibilities, their consequences, and my idea life, the relationships between them should ultimately be conditional (as it is in in india essay writing counterfactual reasoning). Thinking, Fast and Slow , by Kahneman, 2011 Book review of Thinking, Fast and Slow , by Kahneman ( local copy ), review by Babetski, in CIA Studies in Intelligence Vol. 56, No. My Idea Of An Life. 2 Kahneman, who won the 2002 Nobel Prize in essay imperialism in africa Economics for his work with Tversky on prospect theory, also highlights the best work of other researchers throughout the book.
Thinking, Fast and life, Slow introduces no revolutionary new material, but it is a masterpiece because of the way Kahneman weaves existing research together. System 1, or fast thinking, operates automatically and quickly with little or no effort and no sense of voluntary control. System 2, or slow thinking, allocates attention to essay on early man, the mental activities that demand effort, such as complex computations and conscious, reasoned choices about what to think and what to do. Ideal. Kahneman focuses much of the book on the interactions of System 1 and System 2 and the problems inherent in those interactions. Both systems are “on” when we are awake. Essay On European In Africa. System 1 runs automatically and effortlessly but System 2 idles, because using it requires effort and is tiring. System 1 generates impressions and feelings, which become the source of System 2’s explicit beliefs and deliberate choices. System 1, when it encounters something it cannot quickly understand and did not expect (in other words, a surprise), enlists System 2 to make sense of the anomaly. The alerted System 2 takes charge, overriding System 1’s automatic reactions. System 2 always has the last word when it chooses to assert it. Daniel Kahneman: The riddle of of an ideal life essay experience vs. memory - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Using examples from vacations to colonoscopies, Nobel laureate and founder of behavioral economics Daniel Kahneman reveals how our experiencing selves and our remembering selves perceive happiness differently.
This new insight has profound implications for on european imperialism economics, public policy -- and our own self-awareness. Ideal. Widely regarded as the statement world's most influential living psychologist, Daniel Kahneman won the Nobel in Economics for my idea of an life his pioneering work in behavioral economics -- exploring the irrational ways we make decisions about risk. Integrating Fast and Slow Cognitive Processes ( local copy ), by Kennedy and Bugajska, for the Naval Research Laboratory, 2010 Human reactions appear to be controlled by two separate types of mental processes: one fast, automatic, and proposal thesis, unconscious and my idea essay, the other slow, deliberate, and vs aacomas personal statement, conscious. With the attention in the literature focused on the taxonomy of the two processes, there is little discussion of how they interact. In this paper, we focus on modeling the slower process's ability to inhibit the fast process. We present computational cognitive models in which different strategies allow a human to consciously inhibit an undesirable fast response. Gladwell, Malcolm. Blink: The Power of Thinking without Thinking . New York: Little, Brown, 2005 Book review of Gladwell's Blink ( local copy ), by Norton, in Naval War College Review , Winter 2006. Intuition The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is of an ideal essay, a faithful servant. We have created a society that honors the servant and has forgotten the gift.
See tactical decision games on the Simuations page, contrasting intuitive and analytic approaches. See also - Recognition-Primed Decision Model - references in the Decision-Making section above. How We Decide ( local copy ), by proposal thesis, Schmitt, in Designing TDGs: A Tactical Decision. Games Workbook , Marine Corps University, 26 Apr 1996 Not surprisingly, the my idea of an life essay research revealed that proficient decision makers rarely make decisions by concurrent option comparison. Instead they use their intuition to recognize the essence of a given situation and to tell them what appropriate action to take.
In fact, separate studies by proposal hukum, Dr. Gary Klein and others conclude that decision makers in a variety of fields use the analytical apaproach to decision making less than 10 percent of the time and employ intuitive techniques over 90 percent of the time. Custer in my idea of an life essay Cyberspace ( local copy ), by Gompert and Kugler, Defense Horizons number 51, Feb 2006 When conditions are complex and dynamic, time is short, and critical information is available, the key to making good decisions is to blend intuition with reasoning—more specifically, reliable intuition with timely reasoning . From The Personal Relevance of Great Campaigns - by Bird, 22 Feb 2001, Command and proposal thesis, General Staff Officer's Course Carl Von Clausewitz explains that events in warfare are surrounded by uncertainty, and that there are few universal truths. Because of this, leaders must sort through this “fog” to of an life, find the truth, often a daunting endeavor that’s permeated by chance. The commander must sift through this information and decide what pieces are relevant and require action. Clausewitz specifically refers to the capability of the in india writing mind to discriminate information allowing quick, correct decisions. He describes this ability as coup d’oeil, “the quick recognition of a truth that the mind would ordinarily miss or would perceive only after long study and reflection .” 2 Napoleon faced such a scenario in ideal the battles of Jena-Auerstadt.
With limited information, he turned an proposal hukum entire field army in place to my idea, seek decisive battle with the Prussians and won the day. Essay On European Imperialism In Africa. [ 2 Carl Von Clausewitz, On War , ed. and trans. by life, Michael Howard and essay imperialism, Peter Paret, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976), p. 100-102. ] Intuition: an Imperative of Command ( local copy ), by Rogers, in Military Review - examines relevance of intuition to decision making in the context of warfighting on the modern battlefield. Decisionmaking Theory ( local copy ), Marine Corps Doctrine Publication 6 the my idea intuitive approach is more appropriate for the vast majority of typical tactical or operational decisions-decisions made in the fluid, rapidly changing conditions of war when time and uncertainty are critical factors, and creativity is a desirable trait Note 18. Intuitive decisionmaking more appropriate for essay on european imperialism in africa the vast majority of tactical/operational decisions: A 1989 study by Gary A. Klein (based on 1985 observations) estimated that decision makers in a variety of disciplines use intuitive methods 87 percent of the time and analytical methods 13 percent of the time. Evidence now suggests that this study was actually biased in favor of analysis . My Idea Of An Ideal. More recent studies estimate the breakdown at more nearly 95 percent intuitive to 5 percent analytical.
G. A. Klein, Recognition-Primed Decisions in William B. Rouse (ed.), Advances in Man-Machine System Research (Greenwich, CT: Jai Press, 1989); G. L. Kaempf, S. Wolf, M. L. Thordsen, and G. Hukum. Klein, Decision Making in the Aegis Combat Information Center (Fairborn, OH: Klein Associates, 1992); R. Pascual and S. Henderson, Evidence of Naturalistic Decision Making in my idea ideal Command and Control in C. Personal Statement. Zsambok and G. Klein (eds.), Naturalistic Decision Making , forthcoming publication (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates); Kathleen Louise Mosier, Decision Making in the Air Transport Flight Deck: Process and Product , unpublished dissertation (Berkeley, CA: University of ideal life California, 1990). Decision Making Theory ( local copy ), Naval Doctrine Publication 6, Naval Command and Control The intuitive approach is clearly more appropriate for the fluid, rapidly changing environment of combat, when time and uncertainty are critical factors. War in essay on early man the Pits: Marine-Futures Traders Wargame ( local copy ), NDU Strategic Forum 61, by of an life, West Marine generals and colonels vs futures traders in essay on early decisionmaking wargame The traders' OODA loop, executed at much higher speed, is ISAA: Information, Sort by my idea of an ideal, Priority, Act, Assess Virtual Stress ( local copy ), in Marines Online , senior Marines vs futures traders in decision making wargame. Intuitive people worse at detecting lies, by Young, NewScientist.com, 18 Mar 2002 People who think of themselves as being intuitive make worse lie detectors than those who do not trust in on european a gut instinct, according to my idea of an, new research. In India Writing. One possible explanation is of an essay, that intuitives in fact rely on common misconceptions about the alchemist essay, how to my idea ideal, spot a liar, he says. Situation Awareness, Situational Awareness To see, to hear, means nothing. Proposal Thesis. To recognize (or not to recognize) means everything. Individual Situation Awareness ( local copy ), course module from essay, NOAA Situation Awareness Definition (from Mica Endsley, 1988) Level 1 - Perception of the elements in the environment within a volume of space Level 2 - Comprehension of their meaning Level 3 - Projection of their status in the near future. Situation Awareness Demons: the Enemies of Situation Awareness ( local copy ), course module from NOAA Discusses the eight demons laid out by Endsley et al, in Designing for Situation Awareness Attentional Tunneling Requisite Memory Trap Workload, Anxiety, Fatigue, and Other Stressors (WAFOS) Data Overload Misplaced Salience Complexity Creep Errant Mental Models Out-of-the-Loop Syndrome. Ye Olde Brain, and Its Workings The destiny of thesis hukum every human being is my idea of an life, decided by what goes on inside his skull when confronted with what goes on outside his skull. I know you think you understand what you thought I said but I'm not sure you realize that what you heard is not what I meant.
Daniel Amen - Change your brain, change your life, a TEDx talk Change your Brain, Change your Life. Revelations based on studying 63,000 brain images across 90 countries over 20 years. Essay On European In Africa. How Brain imaging can change paradigms and our understanding of healthy life, no matter where we live. Steve Ramirez and Xu Liu: A mouse. A laser beam. Of An. A manipulated memory - a TED talk (you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked) Can we edit the content of our memories? It’s a sci-fi-tinged question that Steve Ramirez and Xu Liu are asking in their lab at MIT.
Essentially, the pair shoot a laser beam into personal the brain of of an life essay a living mouse to activate and manipulate its memory. In this unexpectedly amusing talk they share not only how, but -- more importantly -- why they do this. (Filmed at TEDxBoston.) From Bench to Bunker: How a 1960s discovery in neuroscience spawned a military project, by the alchemist essay, Bardin, in The Chronicle of Higher Education , 9 July 2012 The man has a machine strapped to his head, an array of electrodes called an electroencephalogram, or EEG, which is recording his brain activity as each image skips by. It then sends the brain-activity data wirelessly to a large computer. The computer has learned what the man's brain activity looks like when he sees one of the visual targets, and, based on that information, it quickly reshuffles the images. When the man sorts back through the hundreds of images—most without structures, but some with—almost all the ones with buildings in them pop to the front of the pack. His brain and ideal essay, the computer have done good work. That display was a demonstration of a new technology being developed through a collaboration between the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the military's research arm, and on early man, a private company called Neuromatters, which was founded by a team led by the Columbia University bioengineer Paul Sajda. The hope is that, in my idea ideal life the near future, military analysts might use the essays of teaching technology to eliminate worthless images in seconds, speeding up their review of of an ideal satellite images by orders of magnitude. By the essay on early looks of it, it's working. Paolo Cardini: Forget multitasking, try monotasking, a talk from TED.com - if TED site is blocked, you may be able to watch it on YouTube or one of the other sites People aren’t just cooking anymore -- they’re cooking, texting, talking on the phone, watching YouTube and uploading photos of the awesome meal they just made.
Designer Paolo Cardini questions the my idea of an ideal life efficiency of on european in africa our multitasking world and of an ideal life essay, makes the man case for -- gasp -- monotasking. Amy Cuddy: Your body language shapes who you are, a talk from TED.com - if TED site is essay, blocked, you may be able to watch it on YouTube or one of the other sites Body language affects how others see us, but it may also change how we see ourselves. Social psychologist Amy Cuddy shows how “power posing” -- standing in a posture of confidence, even when we don’t feel confident -- can affect testosterone and cortisol levels in the brain, and might even have an in india essay impact on our chances for success. Amy Cuddy’s research on body language reveals that we can change other people’s perceptions — and even our own body chemistry — simply by changing body positions. New TED Book: Brain Power, by Tiffany Shlain - announcement includes an overview video Discusses items such as the fact that a child's brain has 10 times as many connections as the entire internet. Iain McGilchrist: The divided brain - a Best of the Web talk featured by TED Psychiatrist Iain McGilchrist describes the real differences between the left and my idea of an, right halves of the human brain. It's not simply emotion on the right, reason on the left, but something far more complex and interesting.
A Best of the Web talk from RSA Animate. Scott Fraser: Why eyewitnesses get it wrong, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on proposal, YouTube if the of an ideal essay TED.com version won't run on imperialism, your computer) Scott Fraser studies how humans remember crimes -- and bear witness to them. In this powerful talk, which focuses on a deadly shooting at sunset, he suggests that even close-up eyewitnesses to a crime can create memories they could not have seen. Why? Because the brain abhors a vacuum. Tan Le: A headset that reads your brainwaves, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the TED.com version won't run on your computer) Tan Le's astonishing new computer interface reads its user's brainwaves, making it possible to control virtual objects, and even physical electronics, with mere thoughts (and a little concentration). She demos the headset, and talks about its far-reaching applications. Rebecca Saxe: How we read each other's minds, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the my idea of an TED.com version won't run on your computer) Sensing the motives and feelings of others is a natural talent for humans. But how do we do it? Here, Rebecca Saxe shares fascinating lab work that uncovers how the brain thinks about other peoples' thoughts -- and judges their actions.
Kwabena Boahen on a computer that works like the brain, a talk from vs aacomas personal, TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the ideal essay TED.com version won't run on your computer) Researcher Kwabena Boahen is looking for ways to mimic the brain's supercomputing powers in silicon -- because the messy, redundant processes inside our heads actually make for vs aacomas personal statement a small, light, superfast computer. Diane Benscoter on how cults rewire the brain, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the TED.com version won't run on your computer) Diane Benscoter spent five years as a Moonie. My Idea Life Essay. She shares an insider's perspective on the mind of essay imperialism a cult member, and proposes a new way to think about today's most troubling conflicts and extremist movements. talks about viral memetic infections and compromised emotional immune systems Al Seckel says our brains are mis-wired, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the TED.com version won't run on your computer) Al Seckel, a cognitive neuroscientist, explores the perceptual illusions that fool our brains. Loads of eye tricks help him prove that not only are we easily fooled, we kind of like it. Steven Pinker on my idea ideal life essay, language and thought, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the TED.com version won't run on your computer) In an exclusive preview of the alchemist omens his book The Stuff of Thought, Steven Pinker looks at language and how it expresses what goes on my idea ideal essay, in our minds -- and how the words we choose communicate much more than we realize.
Keith Barry does brain magic, a talk from TED.com (but you may need to watch it on YouTube if the essay TED.com version won't run on your computer) First, Keith Barry shows us how our brains can fool our bodies -- in a trick that works via podcast too. My Idea Of An Ideal. Then he involves the audience in some jaw-dropping (and even a bit dangerous) feats of brain magic. The Secret Powers of Time, video by Zimbardo Professor Philip Zimbardo reveals how our individual perspective on time affects our work, health and well-being. Mind Reading Machine on CBS Reads Your Thoughts - (10 out of 10 at guessing what a scanned person is proposal hukum, thinking about) – also reading/assessing “intentions” and being able to assess if you’ve been somewhere before (for example, when you were robbing the of an ideal house) and neural marketing – and essay, brain patterns indicating various emotions. Science Nation - Mind Reading Computer System May Help People with Locked-in Syndrome Imagine living a life in which you are completely aware of the world around you but you're prevented from engaging in it because you are completely paralyzed.
Even speaking is ideal life, impossible. On Early Man. For an of an ideal life essay estimated 50,000 Americans this is education in india writing, a harsh reality. It's called locked-in syndrome, a condition in my idea of an essay which people with normal cognitive brain activity suffer severe paralysis, often from injuries or an illness such as Lou Gehrig's disease. Boston University neuroscientist Frank Guenther works with the National Science Foundation's Center of Excellence for Learning in Education, Science and Technology (CELEST), which is made up of eight private and public institutions, mostly in the Boston area. Its purpose is to synthesize the experimental modeling and essay on european imperialism, technological approaches to research in order to understand how the brain learns as a whole system. In particular, Guenther's research is looking at how brain regions interact, with the my idea of an life hope of melding mind and machine, and ultimately making life much better for people with locked-in syndrome. Psychology of Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by Heuer, 1999, for CIA -- very good examination of many elements of critical thinking and mental processes, with examples ( PDF version ) Semiotic Fundamentals of hukum Information Processing in Human Brain ( local copy ), by Perlovsky, Air Force Research Lab The paper discusses a mathematical nature of signs and my idea ideal life essay, symbols, and essays personal philosophy of teaching, relates it to information processing and understanding, structure of the mind and brain, learning, and pattern recognition. Videos for Thinking Innovating Many videos from the following sources are scattered throughout this website.
No endorsement of ideas or opinions is implied for the Air Force or any US Government agency/organization. These are for of an ideal your personal interests and education only. TED talks - over education in india essay 1,200 videos, from 3 minutes to 25 minutes, by leading thinkers and developers in many fields of my idea ideal life study TED is a nonprofit devoted to Ideas Worth Spreading. It started out (in 1984) as a conference bringing together people from vs aacomas personal statement, three worlds: Technology, Entertainment, Design. Since then its scope has become ever broader. My Idea Of An Essay. if the TED website copy of the video doesn't play on your computer, cut and vs aacomas, paste the title of the talk into a search engine to find the YouTube copy or other copy which may play. The RSA (Royal Society for the encouragement of of an Arts, Manufactures and Commerce) an essays of teaching enlightenment organisation committed to finding innovative practical solutions to today’s social challenges over my idea life essay 400 videos, animations, shorts, and more RSA Animate takes select speeches and adds entertaining animation effects. 99U - Insights on making ideas happen tips, articles, and videos At 99U, Behance's education arm, we focus on proposal hukum, what happens after inspiration — researching the of an ideal essay forces that truly push ideas to fruition.
Our profiles of proven idea makers, action-oriented tips, and annual conference are all designed to help you transform ideas from vision to reality. PopTech videos We’re a global community of innovators, working together to expand the edge of change. Miscellaneous Thinking in thesis a Foreign Language Makes Decisions More Rational, by Keim, in Wired online journal, Apr 2012 A series of experiments on of an, more than 300 people from the essay on early U.S. and of an, Korea found that thinking in a second language reduced deep-seated, misleading biases that unduly influence how risks and benefits are perceived. The researchers believe a second language provides a useful cognitive distance from automatic processes, promoting analytical thought and reducing unthinking, emotional reaction. Learning and Reasoning: The True Heart of the Mind ( local copy ), by Gunning, DARPATech2005 - mention of programs to develop cognitive systems that can reason.
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Essay: The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini. The Kite Runner, written by Khaled Hosseini, is a famous novel for its devastating and ideal essay painfully honest depiction of identity, betrayal, deception and atonement. The narrative portrays the journey of a boy escaping from proposal hukum, his haunted childhood while torturing himself with his own contrition. These two concepts of identity and redemption play a vital role in creating the string that binds the characters together. As a reader of The Kite Runner, one embarks on a journey that leads through the life of the glamorous prosperous Afghanis, as well as the treacherous horrific life of those less fortunate. Most importantly, however, one encounters face-to-face the good and evil that comes out when these two very distinct lives are intertwine. This bildungsroman narrated by the protagonist Amir is the tale of the relationship between the narrator and Hassan, his Hazara servant. It’s a journey through the war ravaged Afghanistan and the conflicts ridden mind of Amir.
The memory plays a central part in reconstruction of the tale as the protagonist lays bare his inner conflicts and foibles. The simple act of my idea of an ideal life running after kites finds a different and a strangely problematic voice in the narrative. Loyalty, conflicts, fear, strength, weakness mire together to give a colour that is Hussein’s Kite Runner. Amir as a child is on european in africa physically weak and lacks natural courage and my idea of an he finds resort in the arms of books and the world of letters. But his father fails (rather refuses) to see his talent outside the physical world. Amir’s soul mate is Hasan. Essay Writing! Though being very close to him yet Amir always felt himself to be superior to Hassan because of his higher birth. Their lives takes a different turn when his inner weakness makes him betray Hassan.
Amir realises his inner weakness but he refuses to accept the flaw even as it continues to. eat him from inside. He feels staying away from my idea ideal life, Hassan would cure him of his weakness. He fails terribly. The tale is Amir’s journey of redemption and his attempt to win back his nang and namoes (honour and essay on european imperialism in africa pride) in his own eyes. The use of the narrative I not only gives the novel its basic unity, it also helps in creating a web which personalizes the of an ideal tale and colours it with an honest inner view. In India Essay! One may often try to identify one’s own inner flaws as personified in others but such an my idea of an ideal life essay act invariably ends up fragmenting the thesis self and its relationship with the other becomes all the more complicated. Hosseini brings out this aspect deftly in the novel.
Hosseini has created a moving tale that is not only very engaging but also invites us to look inside ourselves. A painfully honest story. Amir’s ‘unatoned sins’, as they are described in ideal the novel’s opening chapter, have plagued his conscience and cast an oppressive shadow over his joys and triumphs. The phone call interrupts Amir’s seemingly comfortable life as a married man and newly-published novelist in essay on european imperialism America, and launches an my idea life epic journey back to Afghanistan in search of redemption. The present paper explores guilt and perseverance in The Kite Runner as the the alchemist omens motivation for of an ideal essay an individual to seek redemption and statement attain the satisfaction of self-fulfillment. Unfolded through the first person narrative mode , the novel is my idea essay structured like the essay on early memory lane of the life essay protagonist Amir whose sense of remorse and amcas vs aacomas personal statement guilt over the sin of leaving behind his ever loyal friend Hassan, for reasons far too vague , force him to commit acts of expiation through return . Amir’s return to ideal life essay, homeland, tarnished and tattered by war, fundamentalism and essays personal philosophy the turbulence of a Taliban led regime unfolds his journey towards self identity and redemption. Unlike Changez in The Reluctant Fundamentalist, in The Kite Runner, Amir faces no sense of identity crisis in the adopted homeland. Rather he feels himself a stranger when he returns to the changed.
realities of of an ideal life essay his home town, Kabul. Amir’s journey home in education essay writing search of Hassan’s surviving son, Sohrab is replete with conflict, violence and violations. In the novel, the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan is a volatile plane of clash and confrontation of identities and loyalties. My Idea Of An Ideal Essay! As Seyham describes,’ border carries intrinsically within itself an proposal hukum idea of perpetual motion and confrontation (201). The border thus turns almost into a real space in which the confrontations between cultures , nationalities and languages take place , and in which , ideally the culture of hybridization replaces the ideal life traditional idea of a national identity. Amir is a cultural hybrid which makes him distinct and unique. On Early! Thus the novel revolves around the my idea ideal essay central axiom of personal selves permeated by on early, political prejudices and permutations. In a lifetime, everyone will face personal battles and guilt, some large and some small.Such as guilt over sneaking out, not doing homework, or telling your parents a little white lie. People find peace of mind through redeeming themselves, in other words, we do something that makes up for the cause of guilt. Khaled Hosseini’s novel ‘The Kite Runner’ revolves around betrayal and redemption. Redemption is the of an ideal essay act of proposal saying or being saved from sin, error or evil, which the main character Amir seems to need the my idea ideal life essay most.
Amir lives with the guilt he has built up over the years because of one incident from his childhood. Proposal Thesis Hukum! Amir’s fathers words still echo through his head “A boy who won’t stand up for himself becomes a man who can’t stand up to anything.” ‘pg. 24. Although Amir destroyed the lives of many people, and he has had more than one opportunity to redeem himself of his guilt, he is not the selfish little boy he once was. My Idea Life Essay! How often does one stop and think, “How will this affect everyone else in essay my life?” Amir had a chance in the alley, to put Hassan first and change the path of both their lives, but he made the decision to turn around and run because it was what he thought was best for him: “I had one last chance to make a decision.
One final opportunity to decide who I was going to be. I could step into that alley, stand up for ideal essay Hassan ‘ the way he’d stood up for me all those times in the alchemist omens essay the past ‘ and accept whatever would happen to me. Or I could run. In the end, I ran. I ran because I was a coward. I was afraid of Assef and what he would do to me. I was afraid of essay getting hurt. Essay On European Imperialism! That’s what I told myself as I turned my back to the alley, to Hassan. That’s what I made myself believe. Of An Ideal Life! I actually aspired to cowardice, because the in india alternative, the real reason I was running, was that Assef was right: Nothing was free in essay this world. Maybe Hassan was the price I had to education essay writing, pay, the lamb I had to slay, to win Baba.”
Amir’s selfish ways were a result of the lack of his father’s affection in his life. As a young boy, he was forced to deal with his father’s disinterest in him, which made him incredibly jealous of Hassan. Amir could not understand at the time, why his father adored his servant’s son more than his own son. As the tension increases between Amir and Hassan, Amir can no longer stand to see Hassan everyday because of what Amir had not stopped and he could not bare seeing his father showing Hassan love and not him. My Idea Of An Ideal Essay! Hassan and his father are forced to leave their home after Amir places his watch under Hassan’s pillow and accuses him of stealing it. Hassan did not even deny the accusations because he had figured out what Amir was doing. Vs Aacomas Personal! “Hassan knew. Of An Ideal! He knew I had betrayed him and yet he was rescuing me once again, maybe for proposal the last time.” ‘pg.111Even after the alleged theft of the my idea ideal life essay watch, Amir’s father is willing to forgive Hassan, which stunned Amir, and made him see that the love his father has for Hassan is greater than he imagined. Amir did not just ruin Hassan’s life; he also ruined the lives of many people with his decisions after the incident in the alley. Baba lost a chance to watch his son, Hassan, grow up and also lost the chance to bring him to America so he could start a new life. Sohrab lost both his parents to war because they were still living in Afghanistan, lost his childhood to war, and tried to personal of teaching, commit suicide as a result of Amir going back on his promise to keep him safe from of an ideal life essay, orphanages. The Alchemist Essay! Soraya lost her right to the truth when Amir.
kept his past a secret even though she opened up to him about hers. It is one thing to destroy your own life with guilt, but it is a completely different issue when you destroy the lives of others. Before Amir can go on the road to redemption, Amir must realize that he can’t go back and change what he has done as a child, and he must find inner peace. Although if it was not for Amir’s actions as a child, Sohrab never would have needed to my idea of an ideal essay, be saved in the first place but by the alchemist omens essay, saving Sohrab, the last piece of Hassan’s life, does make a difference. From the moment he chose to turn his back on Hassan, there were many chances where “There’s a way to be good again” ‘pg.238 for all his wrongdoings, but he chose not to take any of these. Sohrab was his last and only chance for redemption. “I have a wife in America, a home, a career and my idea of an ideal life essay a family”.
But how could I pack up and go back home when my actions may have cost Hassan a chance at those very same things? And what Rahim Khan revealed to me changed things. Made me see how my entire life, long before the winter of essays of teaching 1975, dating back to ideal life essay, when that singing Hazara woman was still nursing me, had been a cycle of lies betrayals and the alchemist omens essay secrets.” ‘pg.238. Amir admits that he cost Hassan a chance at my idea of an life essay a good life and that he had many opportunities to change the outcome of Hassan’s life. But at this moment he realized he. could lose everything he has built in America, but for the first time in his life, Amir did not care about only himself, he came to essay writing, terms with what he had done, and he was ready to of an ideal life essay, redeem himself at essay imperialism in africa any cost. Amir finally became the man who stood up for himself and of an ideal life essay his sins. Throughout his childhood, Amir looked for his father’s affection and he never could get it. His father. had said “I’m telling you, Rahim, there is something missing in essay on early man that boy.” ‘pg.24 Amir’s father would have been proud of him at this very moment because that was all he had wanted from him.
The guilt that was built over the years was finally put to rest at the safety of Sohrab. Of An Ideal Life! In Afghanistan when Amir stood up for man Sohrab and my idea of an essay Assef aggressively beat him up, Amir had said “My body was broken’just how badly I wouldn’t find out proposal, until later’but I felt healed. Ideal! Healed at last. The Alchemist! I laughed.” ‘pg.289 which showed Amir had come to terms with what he had done as a child and was finally felt relieved. Although he was getting beat up, it did not matter anymore, he just wished he had stood up to Assef years ago, and maybe he would have earned his redemption in that alley. In chapter seven, an of an ideal unthinkable things happens: Hassan is raped in an alley by amcas vs aacomas statement, a bully, Assef, and my idea of an life essay Amir does nothing to stop it.
He allows Hassan to be abused and is secretly a little happy that Hassan is being punished for all of the attention he has stolen (at least in Amir’s mind) from Baba, Amir’s father. He runs away from the awful scene and says, ‘ The real reason I was running, was that Assef was right: Nothing was free in this world. Maybe Hassan was the price I had to pay, the lamb I had to slay, to win Baba’. Things get even worse in chapter nine when Amir’s guilt, shame, and anger are so great that he wants nothing more than for Hassan to be gone. Amir tries several tactics, but. none of them work. Finally he frames Hassan by planting a watch and statement some money under Hassan’s bed. Baba is finally forced to ask Hassan directly about the incident. Baba came right out and asked. ‘Did you steal that money?
Did you steal Amir’s watch, Hassan’? Hassan’s reply was a single word, delivered in a thin, raspy voice: ‘Yes.’I flinched, like I’d been slapped. My heart sank and I almost blurted out the truth. Then I understood: This was Hassan’s final sacrifice for me. If he’d said no, Baba would have believed him because we all knew Hassan never lied. And if Baba believed him, then I’d be the accused; I would have to explain and I would be revealed for my idea what I really was. Baba would never, ever forgive me. And that led to another understanding: Hassan knew He knew I’d seen everything in that alley, that I’d stood there and done nothing. He knew I had betrayed him and yet he was rescuing me once again, maybe for the last time. Amir wanted to on european, get rid of Hassan, and Baba now sends Hassan away because of Amir’s lie. We find out later that Hassan is also Baba’s son, so Hassan is being betrayed by both Amir, his brother, and Baba, his father.
Despite that, Hassan remains loyal and my idea loving to them both. The opening lines of the book speak of Amir’s guilt and remorse:That was a long time ago, but it’s wrong what they say about the thesis hukum past, I’ve learned, about of an ideal life how you can bury it, Because the past claws its way out. Looking back now, I realize I have been peeking into that deserted alley for the last twenty-six years. Amir lives with this guilt for hukum a long time; more than two decades later, a family friend, Rahim Khan, offers Amir a chance for redemption. He wants Amir to come back to Afghanistan to of an ideal, rescue Sohrab, Hassan’s son, from an orphanage. Hassan died. in another act of loyalty to the family. Amir finally agrees to education in india writing, rescue the my idea essay boy who, it turns out, is in a much worse place than an essay on european in africa orphanage by of an ideal, the time Amir finds him. That was supposed to be the end of his obligation: Amir would rescue his nephew, Baba’s grandson, and omens essay leave him with a nice family in Pakistan.
Instead, Amir is moved to bring Sohrab back to the United States and raise him as his own son. This act of my idea life rescue serves as an act of redemption, both for his own sins and his father’s against the true and loyal Hassan. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on essay, hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in of an ideal life our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised English Literature work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This English Literature essay was submitted to us by a student in order to the alchemist omens, help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:
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