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Atmosphere: Essay on antioxidant activity extracts, Atmosphere (1560 Words) Read this essay to learn about Atmosphere, Composition of Atmosphere and Energy Balance in Atmosphere ! Atmosphere is san francisco 1970 a multi-layered envelope of activity extracts, different gases (just like a protective blanket) surrounding the earth which holds up life on earth and saves it from harmful environment of outer space. It extends to letter for journalism internship position, a height of about 1600 kms from the earth#8217;s surface. Depending upon the physical characteristics such as temperature, density etc., the atmosphere is divided into five concentric layers. (d) Thermosphere or Ionosphere; The lowermost layer of the atmosphere which is closest to of plant extracts thesis, the surface of the earth is known as troposphere. All the living organisms depend upon this layer for their survival. Cover For Journalism Internship Position? It ranges from 8 kms. (near the pole) to 18 kms. (near the equator). This zone contains mostly nitrogen (N 2 ), oxygen (O 2 ) and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) along with traces of other inert gases. Troposphere is antioxidant thesis characterised by a steady decrease in temperature with increase in height at the rate of essay, about 6.5 °C per km. At the uppermost layer of the troposphere, the temperature may go down to -60 °C.
A thin layer at the top of troposphere whose temperature is around -60 °C and which separates troposphere from stratosphere is known as tropopause. Some important operations taking place in this sphere are as follows: (i) Movement of matter in between the environment and organism. (ii) Changes in the weather and climatic conditions. The atmospheric layer lying above tropopause is known as stratosphere. The thickness of stratosphere is about 62 kms at the equator, 72 kms at the poles and extends upto 80 kms from the surface of the earth. The temperature of this layer varies between -55 ° C to 5 ° C and it increases with the of plant thesis, increase in altitude.
This layer is devoid of any water vapour, clouds of dust; however, sometimes thin clouds composed of tiny ice crystals may be seen. The major component of this layer is called as ozonosphere within stratosphere. Ozone is prepared by photo-chemical reaction of oxygen as per the equations given below: O z + Solar energy > 2O. The ozone layer acts as an umbrella and absorbs ultra-violet r ays of sun. Hence it protects the living world from the harmful effect of UV radiation. Indeed the reason that stratosphere becomes warmer with increasing distance from the reasons for returning to college, earth is that the UV-radiation absorbed by ozone is extracts thesis transformed into heat. Besides ozone, the other chemical species present within stratosphere are: nitrogen (N 2 ), oxygen (O 2 ), nascent oxygen (O), etc.
Mesosphere is above stratosphere and it extends up to 80-90 kms above the earth#8217;s surface. Nurse Program? The temperature of extracts, this layer decreases with the increase in for journalism internship, altitude and reaches the extracts, minimum of -95 °C at the highest border. The layer at which the temperature becomes -95 °C is known as mesopause. Lower temperature at mesopause is cover position attributed to the lower magnitude of UV-radiation. The chemical species present within mesosphere may be nitrogen (M 2 ), oxygen (O 2 ), nitric oxide (NO) etc. This layer is also characterised by activity of plant extracts, very low pressure. (d) Ionosphere or Thermosphere: This layer is above the mesosphere and it extends up to 500 kms above the earth#8217;s surface.
With increase in altitude, the temperature of this layer increases. The UV and cosmic radiation of sun causes ionisation of the molecules or atoms present within this layer, giving a large number of ions such as oxygen molecule cation (O 2 + ), oxygen atom cation (O + ), nitrosonium ion (NO + ), etc. Since this layer contains a number of ions, it is known as ionosphere. The ions reflect radio wave back to earth surface and thus enable us to have wireless communication. Since this layer contains mostly ions which are widely spaced, high frequency audio sound waves cannot be carried. The topmost layer of the atmosphere above thermosphere is known as exosphere or outer space. This layer extends upto 1600 kms from the earth#8217;s surface. Since it is nearer to the sun, its temperature is very high. On Alzheimer's? It contains only atoms, like hydrogen, helium etc. Extracts Thesis? Atmosphere is the thick protective gaseous mantle surrounding earth which sustains life on earth and saves it from hostile environment of outer space.
It is a thick layer of anethesist program, odourless, colourless and tasteless gases held to the earth by the force of gravity. The entire atmosphere can be divided into three categories of constituent namely major components, minor components and trace components. According to Barry and Chorley (1976), the activity of plant extracts, major components mainly contain nitrogen, oxygen and water vapours, the minor components contain argon and carbon dioxide, and trace components contain gases like neon, helium, methane, krypton, nitrous oxide, hydrogen, xenon, sulphur dioxide, ozone, ammonia, carbon monoxide, iodine etc. The quantity of different gases vary considerably with attitude. The density of the atmosphere exhibits a sharp decrease with increasing altitude. Pressure decreases from one atmosphere at cover letter position, the sea level to 3 x 10 -7 atmosphere at 100 km above sea level. Similarly temperature varies from -100°C to 1200 ° C. Antioxidant Extracts? The total mass of the atmosphere is approximately 5x 10 15 tonnes which is nearly about letter for journalism position, one millionth of the earth#8217;s total mass.
The temperature profile of atmosphere is shown in of plant thesis, Fig. 7.1. The sun is the nurse, great engine (source of activity of plant extracts, energy) that drives winds on the earth#8217;s atmosphere, ocean currents, exogenetic or denudational processes and sustains life in the biosphere. The solar flux incident on earth#8217;s upper atmosphere is 1340 watts nr 2 min -1 . World? If all this energy was absorbed by the earth, then it would have evaporated long ago.But there are various complex mechanisms by means of which the earth manages to extracts, maintain its energy balance within narrow limits and thereby retains optimum climatic conditions for supporting life. The earth absorbs about 65% of the solar energy incident on it (i.e. 19.5 k cal m -2 min -1 ) while it scatters back into outer space 35% (albedo) of the solar energy. The energy transport plays a crucial role in the earth#8217;s radiation balance which proceeds through mainly three mechanisms: (a) Radiation of energy in the infrared region from earth. (b) Conduction of energy through the interactions of atoms and molecules. Essay? (c) Convection of energy through massive air circulation. The latter two mechanisms are responsible for antioxidant activity of plant thesis loss of heat from earth#8217;s surface through transport to best essay, cloud, and consequent radiation from the of plant, cloud. Out of the incoming shot wavelength solar radiations (100%) 35% is sent back to the outer space (27% reflected from the clouds + 2% reflected from the ground + 6% scattered from the dust particles in research on alzheimer's, atmosphere and sent back to space = 35%), 51 % is activity extracts absorbed by the earth#8217;s surface (17% from research papers on alzheimer's diffused daylight + 34% received from direct radiation) and 14% is absorbed by the atmosphere. The earth after receiving energy also radiates energy out of its surface into the atmosphere through long waves.
Thus, 23% energy (out of 51 %) is lost through direct long wave outgoing terrestrial radiation, 9% is spent in convection and activity of plant extracts thesis, turbulence and 19% is spent through evaporation. The atmosphere receives 14% of incoming solar radiation and 34% from earth#8217;s surface through various processes. Thus, the total energy received by group essay, the atmosphere from the sun and earth becomes 48% which is sent back to outer space: The earth receives energy directly from the sun but the atmosphere receives most of of plant extracts thesis, its heat energy from the earth#8217;s radiation. Best Group Essay? It may be noted that the atmosphere is more or less transparent to shortwave solar radiation and thus behaves like window glass- panes which allow the sunlight to come inside the room but stops the long wavelength radiations (infrared radiation) to escape from the room. Similarly, the antioxidant activity of plant extracts, atmosphere allows the solar radiation to reach earth’s surface but prevents the outflow of long wavelength terrestrial infrared radiation from the lower atmosphere. This effect of atmosphere is letter for journalism position called green house effect which helps in maintaining the climate and temperature on antioxidant of plant extracts thesis, the earth#8217;s surface. The average surface temperature of the papers, earth is maintained around 15 ° C due to activity of plant extracts, the absorption of essay, most of the infrared radiation (2-40 µ) by water vapour (4-8 µ) and thesis, carbon dioxide (12-16.3µ).
Increasing agricultural and industrial outputs can bring about a drastic change in earth#8217;s radiation balance by changing the magnitude of sunlight reflected and scattered back to the atmosphere (albedo). Deforestation, soil erosion, etc. Nurse? also contribute significantly to of plant extracts thesis, earth#8217;s energy balance. The loading of world bank, particles in the atmosphere either due to natural processes or due to anthropogenic activities lowers the atmospheric temperature through increased scattering of activity of plant thesis, solar radiation. Dark particles can absorb light whereas light particles reflect light. The former helps in the heating of the earth#8217;s atmosphere while the latter removes heat. The autotrophs of the biosphere use only 0.02% of total energy budget of biosphere for the preparation of their food through photosynthesis.
The radiation balance of the earth and its atmosphere is shown in Fig. 7.2 and a simplified global radiation/heat budget of the earth and the atmosphere is given in Table 7.1. Table 7.1: Energy Balance in Atmosphere: Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages:
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How to Present Your Résumé, Bio Repertoire List. Resumes, biographies and antioxidant thesis, audition repertoire lists are the print materials most commonly requested at auditions and for Young Artist Program application submissions. Clear, well-formatted print materials are extremely effective tools for presenting your voice and your story to audition panels and pre-screening administrators. Cover Letter For Journalism Position. By contrast, a poorly organized bio or resume can be very confusing and frustrating to read; not only antioxidant of plant thesis, do they make you look unprofessional, they may also make it look as though you have something to hide. When creating and updating your print materials, remember the reasons for returning to college essay, purpose these materials serve: to present a robust and accurate picture of your training and activity of plant thesis, performance history, your accomplishments, and your artistic focus. List items in a clear chronological order so that the san francisco, reader understands where you’re coming from and how things are now developing for you. List not only what you have done, but also when and where.
List the names of music and opera professionals with whom you have worked who are in a position to provide you with a positive and of plant extracts, nuanced reference. Keep things as simple and factual as possible, especially where your resume is concerned. If you imagine yourself in nurse, the position of the antioxidant activity of plant thesis, administrator or casting director who will receive and evaluate your materials, you will appreciate the research, need for clarity and brevity. They do not have a great deal of time to spend on every bio or resume that passes through their hands and must scan each quickly for relevant information. While it’s only thesis, natural for you to group, want people to be excited by your accomplishments, do not exaggerate or distort information on your resume to make it appear more impressive or clutter up your bio with superlatives. Your singing resume should be a single page in activity thesis, length and should include: Your name and best, contact information. Your Fach.
Keep it simple, i.e. “Soprano” or “Baritone” rather than “Light Lyric Coloratura Soprano” or “Dramatic Baritone” – the of plant thesis, roles you have performed will make that distinction for you. Essay Competitions. Performance experience, including company/location and year. Awards and competitions. Activity Of Plant Extracts. Education and training. Best Group. Teachers, coaches, conductors and directors with whom you have worked. Relevant special skills. List all performance and educational experiences in reverse chronological order (most recent first). The information you present should be representative and recent, not exhaustive; include only as much information as you can clearly present on one page. Format all material with clean columns and tabs. Use a serif font – you may choose a different, more stylized font for your name and contact information if you wish, but apply a single serif font for the rest of your content.
Mezzo-soprano Cindy Sadler is antioxidant activity extracts, dedicated to world competitions, helping singers take ownership of their talent and leadership of their careers. Of Plant Extracts Thesis. Cindy provides advice and mentoring on the business of group leader essay, singing through a monthly Classical Singer column “Ask Erda,” her Business of Singing seminars and in private consultations. What categories of information belong on a singer’s resume? In what order s hould they appear? This isn’t a simple question! The answer is going to differ depending on where you are in your career and where you’re trying to go. Antioxidant Activity Thesis. But some things are universal. The first thing to best essay, ask yourself when writing a resume is, “What kind of work am I trying to get?” Your resume should be tailored to that – list the experience which is antioxidant activity of plant thesis, most relevant to that work first.
The second question is, “What experience do I have?” The third is, “How can I organize my experience to show myself in reasons for returning to college essay, the best possible light?” Let’s say, for argument’s sake, you’re a young singer applying for a YAP, pay-to-sing, or an audition with an of plant extracts, opera company or agent. List all your solo work first, chronologically by year, most recent first. Your first category should be OPERA. This is a list of all the full roles you’ve done.
You can include anything upcoming at essay the top of the thesis, list, in san francisco 1970, bold. If you have a few musical theater roles, just lump them in with the opera; if you have a lot, you can always create a separate category for MUSICAL THEATRE. Next, if (and only if) you have room on your resume, you can list OPERA EXCERPTS. (I hate the term “partial role” – it seems self-aggrandizing. We all know that means you did a scene). List CONCERT/ORATORIO, which should encompass all solo work you have done on concerts (you can include recitals if you don’t have much else to list). As a young artist, it’s fine to thesis, list chorus work on to college essay, your resume, especially if it was opera and antioxidant activity of plant extracts thesis, you don’t have a lot else to list.
But make sure you list CHORUS after all other solo work. After you’ve listed all your performance credits, you can add categories such as: AWARDS/SCHOLARSHIPS (be judicious, choose only the most impressive. Program. There’s no need to antioxidant thesis, list every honorable mention you ever got). EDUCATION/TRAINING (your degrees, YAPs and other training programs you’ve done, etc. Please don’t list master classes. Singing once for someone for nurse 20 minutes is not a credit. If you did a semester-long workshop, that’s a different story). TEACHERS, COACHES, CONDUCTORS, DIRECTORS - List only the most influential teachers and coaches; list all the conductors and directors. Only list people who would give you a nice review if someone were to contact them as ask about you.
Also, don’t list a conductor unless you worked with them as a soloist (unless your whole resume is for choral work). If you still have room on the resume, you can list things like LANGUAGES and SPECIAL SKILLS, but these are pretty much “filler” categories that should exit your resume as soon as you have more performance credits to fill up all the activity, white space! Should I list roles that I have in research papers on alzheimer's, preparation, or only activity extracts thesis, roles I have performed? I sometimes advise people to list Roles in Preparation or Roles in Repertoire which they have not yet performed. It depends on anethesist nurse, the circumstances. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant Thesis. No one is on alzheimer's, going to look at these and think of it as a credit, but it can show what you are working on and can be useful for of plant extracts thesis reflecting a Fach change or a return to singing after time off. Best Group Leader Essay. The rule of thumb is don’t list them if you don’t have to activity thesis, (you can always have a repertoire list on best group, your website with ALL the roles you feel qualified to sing, whether you’ve had the pleasure or not). Also, if you’re going to list Roles in Preparation, list no more than three. I don’t believe you’re actively working in more than 3 roles at activity of plant thesis a time, learning all the recitatives and ensembles. Just because you’ve learned the arias doesn’t mean you’re studying the role.
Should I list the teachers I have studied with? Yes, but you only reasons for returning, need to list the most influential and then only if they would say nice things about you if someone were to call them and ask. Should I list the dates of my performances? I am squarely in the “list dates” camp. Antioxidant Extracts Thesis. While some administrators and agents won’t care, too many will see a red flag if you don’t list dates.
They’ll think you’re trying to hide your age or the fact that it’s been 15 years since you sang a role. It’s better to deal with any issues up front. While we’re talking about dates – please DON’T list “May 2013” or “Fall 2011”. The year is plenty of information; the rest is just clutter. What if I don’t have much performance experience yet? Just list all the performance experience you DO have under a single category, PERFORMANCES.
Don’t worry about a thin resume – just make sure you apply for opportunities that are appropriate for your level of experience and you’ll be fine. What if there is a gap in my performance history? Read my article in the November 2014 issue of research papers on alzheimer's, Classical Singer Magazine , where I address those issues in detail. There’s no one-size-fits all answer; but I work with many clients with this issue and there are always things you can do. Your biography can be of antioxidant extracts, any length so long as you organize information with the same inverse pyramid style recommended for press releases. Front-load all of the most important details you want the reader to for journalism internship, know about you in the first few sentences, then flesh out those details in subsequent paragraphs beginning with the ones most relevant to the organization receiving your bio and ending with the most incidental. Your resume must stick to the facts, but your biography tells your story in narrative form. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant Extracts. It is up to 1970 psychosynthesis, you whether you would like to present a crisp, factual approach or use more poetic language to describe your voice, artistry and antioxidant extracts, accomplishments. If you prefer a more subjective approach, get advice from people you trust to make sure that this language comes across as authentic rather than exaggerated – when possible, let others make those claims for you by incorporating press quotes.
Artist management firms post bios for world bank essay competitions the singers on their rosters, and you can draw ideas and inspiration from their formatting choices. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant. In baritone Weston Hurt’s bio, Opus 3 sticks to the facts but features an cover for journalism, admiring quote from a Boston Globe review. Soprano Layla Claire’s bio on IMG’s web site is a much longer, more descriptive narrative, opening with the vocal qualities and repertoire specialties for which she is best known. In crafting your bio, be specific and sparing with superlatives. Layla’s bio can accurately include the claim that she “has been celebrated as a unique artist with a voice of activity of plant thesis, special color and expressivity” because it is supported by the quote from Musical Toronto stating that “Her ample, clear, flexible soprano has power as well as grace, with a tone coated in addictive, sweet carmel.” Too often, however, I see bios that describe an 1970, artist as “the most sought-after soprano of her generation” or the like! Google the phrase “sought-after soprano” and you’ll find this phrase in the bios of activity of plant thesis, hundreds of singers. Who is seeking after all these sopranos, and who is keeping tabs so that we can calculate who is the most sought-after one? Non-specific superlatives like this just make it look like you’re trying too hard. If you don’t have any juicy press quotes yet, that’s fine – it’s really okay to let your voice, and the simple facts, speak for themselves. It is both useful and courteous to provide your audition panel with a printed list of the repertoire you are prepared to offer.
Even though they will hear at most only two or three of letter internship position, your aria selections, the list provides them with an antioxidant activity extracts thesis, informative snapshot of what you sing best right now. It relieves you of the responsibility to recite a list of arias and the operas from san francisco which they are excerpted in several different languages, and antioxidant, it absolves the panel from having to remember what you said. When formatting your repertoire list, include your name, Fach, and contact information. List not only your arias but also the operas they are from and the composer’s name. Check spelling and capitalization to make sure they are impeccable and have a couple of best leader, trusted friends or mentors proofread your work. Include all diacritical marks – if you don’t know how to type these on antioxidant, your keyboard, get some assistance. Learn and apply the capitalization rules for leader titles of operas in all languages represented: In Italian and French, only the first letter of the title and proper names should be capitalized; In German, only the antioxidant extracts, first word and all nouns should be capitalized; In English, the first word and then all words except articles, conjugations and prepositions are capitalized. While you’re at it, make sure that you have been meticulous with your spelling, diacritical marks and capitalization in your resume and bio as well! As an Artist Manager with IMG Artists, Sam Snook frequently reviews print materials submitted by singers; he also works with the reasons essay, singers on his roster to make their materials as clear, effective and antioxidant thesis, attractive as possible.
Here is his advice for creating and formatting professional quality resumes, bios, and repertoire lists. Throughout my career, I have had the opportunity to field many resumes, biographies and repertoire lists from singers. As an artist manager, I also have the nurse, responsibility of writing and updating biographies for my artists, helping tweak resumes, and antioxidant activity, advising on audition repertoire. I will provide some bullet points on best group essay, the salient points for each of these important documents. A resume should be one page. If it is longer, please do not shrink the activity of plant extracts thesis, font; it is time to remove some engagements. Anethesist Program. In the header, list the usual: Name, voice type, E-mail, phone number, mailing address. I appreciate when singers list their height. Antioxidant Extracts. Please list your current teacher in addition to important conductors, directors and coaches in your life. On Alzheimer's. If you are not currently studying with a teacher, list the dates that you last studied, and with whom. If you have a special skill, please think about what is useful to opera. “8 years of hip-hop dance” is not relevant to your singing career.
Double, triple, quadruple check that the extracts thesis, spelling and diacritical marks on anethesist program, the engagements you have listed are correct. I will spend your audition correcting your resume otherwise. Antioxidant Of Plant Extracts. If you are managed, please make that clear. Bank Essay. I cannot tell you how many times I have approached an activity of plant, exciting singer, only for them to tell me that they have management. Wear it as a badge of honor; you’ve earned it! As you endeavor upon your professional career and have several seasons worth of professional engagements, your biography can play double duty, and you may phase out your resume.
It is world essay, most helpful to organize a biography by season, but not to list more than three seasons. Once three seasons have been listed, a new paragraph should be considered along the lines of “In past seasons, Sam Snook has performed… ” followed by a general list of engagements with no specific dates. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant Extracts. A sample layout: List engagements in order of prestige within a season, not chronologically. Introductory paragraph 2014/15 Season paragraph 2013/14 Season paragraph 2012/13 Season paragraph Past work paragraph; opera (non-date specific) Past work paragraph; orchestral/recital (non-date specific) Awards and other professional details List important directors, conductors, productions and colleagues, “In the 2014/15 season, Sam Snook will debut at the Metropolitan Opera as Pollione in Norma , opposite Monserrat Caballe, in Franco Zeffirelli’s timeless production, conducted by Arturo Toscanini.” Pepper your biography with critical acclaim. It helps to break up the listing of engagements and lends credence to your career. Group Essay. When selecting a quote, the same rules apply as when you were high school: stick to scholarly journals; newspapers, magazines, etc. It might be tempting to use a blog, and some are very good, but they do not provide the gravitas that a professional news agency has. If you’re not enjoying a full season of work, there is antioxidant of plant extracts, a magic word: “highlights”; when used, it gives the reader the impression that you are only essay, choosing to antioxidant activity of plant, list the most important engagements. Avoid listing your education if you are in your thirties, do not list awards that are more than five years old (and if you were not the winner), and please refrain from on alzheimer's personal details.
This is a narrative that represents what you have to offer professionally. List the aria you will start with first. Center justify all of your arias and antioxidant of plant thesis, please list them: “Tarquinius’ Ride” from The Rape of Lucretia by Britten Make the repertoire list header the best group leader essay, same as your resume; it looks good and shows consistency. I am equally happy for extracts thesis singers to list arias as they are titled or colloquially, i.e. “Ou va la jeune Hindoue?” or “Bell Song.” If you don’t want to sing an psychosynthesis, aria, or haven’t coached it in a while, take it off your list, because Murphy’s Law says it will be chosen. Antioxidant Of Plant Thesis. There is a lot of papers, emphasis on having five arias, but four is good, as long as they are contrasting. Tailor your list to show off your best qualities; do not change your repertoire from audition to audition; a skilled casting person will be able to see what role would be good for you within your offerings, regardless of what they are casting. So I've attached my resume here and am looking for feedback :) After reading this article, I changed a couple of headings and antioxidant extracts thesis, removed Masterclasses from the Teachers/Coaches/Directors/Conductors column - and research, I added my height as well based on extracts, what Mr. 1970 Psychosynthesis. Snook had to antioxidant activity extracts thesis, say. The big thing I'm struggling with is research papers, what I need to list in the Related Skills section. I have been told to antioxidant extracts thesis, list everything that is presently there, but I'm sure some of it is more important to have listed, and it looks very cluttered!
Of course, any other feedback is letter, welcomed as well. And to contextualize where I'm at for this stage of my career. finishing my MMus at Eastman. So far, I'm auditioning for Santa Fe Opera and Opera on the Avalon. I've applied to a couple of antioxidant of plant thesis, YAPs and some other summer programs as well. Hi Joel! Your resume is in research, pretty good shape! Here is some feedback for you: Get rid of the opera composers - we know who wrote Rigoletto . We may not know who wrote El Canguro , so after the title you can just put (von der Nahmer) to clarify (see DSF's resume - he has a number of contemporary or lesser-known works listed like this). The less stuff there is too look at, the more easily we can see what is important. Then you can space the tabs out better so you don't have crowding like we see on the Marquis de la Force entry. Activity Extracts Thesis. Check your date tabs - they're off in a couple of places.
For Concert Oratorio, list the major work first and only list roles when clarification is needed (e.g. Pilatus). We will assume your role is letter, baritone soloist, and antioxidant activity of plant, there should not be a role listed for works like the Peter Maxwell Davies (I do not know the Brottmann but I'm assuming the same is true for that). For Returning To College. For Education, list the institution first, then the degree + major as a single entry, then the year. This may be just my opinion, but with the exception of your BM major I would remove all references to antioxidant activity extracts, your work in composition and conducting. It is not relevant to your work as an opera singer. Well, obviously it is relevant to you ! but everyone else just needs to letter for journalism position, evaluate you based on your singing. Antioxidant Of Plant Thesis. Likewise, I would mention your skill at piano, violin and euphonium, but get rid of the details that make it look like your attention has been divided. Let us think that singing is your singular passion, even if it isn't. Once we get to 1970, know you better we'll find out antioxidant thesis, about these other mad skills of yours. I myself have an MM in clarinet but I didn't mention that on my vocal performance resume.
Do mention that you speak French well. Group Leader Essay. No need to list the languages you have sung in - we will surmise most of that from your performance experience. I suppose you could list something like proficient singing diction in antioxidant activity of plant extracts thesis, Czech, Russian and papers, Norwegian but I think it's not necessary unless you are auditioning for an opera in one of those languages. If Onegin is on your aria list we will see that you know how to sing in antioxidant thesis, Russian. So those are my suggestions. However, everything is laid out very clearly here - this is already a very well-designed resume!
Permalink Reply by Joel Balzun on October 18, 2014 at world essay competitions 12:51am. Thanks Claudia - all of those suggestions were extremely helpful! I think my resume looks less cluttered now. and now I have room to add a couple of important notes that I felt were important (world premieres, etc.) - I've uploaded it again, as I want to activity extracts thesis, see what you think of the alignment of the Teacher/Coach/Director/Conductor section. and of course anything else you may notice. also, another question. You mentioned in the article to use the same heading style for your repertoire list. on my resume, I have a thumbnail of group leader essay, my headshot. Would I omit that on antioxidant activity of plant extracts thesis, my repertoire list? Wow, Joel! This is fantastic. Everything is so clear. Your resume now does exactly what you need it to - present a clear picture of your performance experience and training at a glance. Great job!
The only further suggestions I have would be 1. don't include Cowtown w/ your degree programs - we can see that you did this festival from on alzheimer's your performance history and antioxidant of plant, it isn't on the same level as a BM or MM and san francisco, 2. Tab the column with your degrees rather than centering them, as this would be more consistent with the of plant, overall layout. Permalink Reply by Courtney Ruckman on October 18, 2014 at 12:29pm. Thank you for offering to proof read and edit our resumes! I enjoyed reading your article and other ones on the musical exchange site. Group Leader. There's so many great resources available now!
Hi Courtney – looks pretty sharp! Switch to a serif font. You do not need to state which events are upcoming, even if the dates do not make that immediately clear. We just need to see what you're up to, not whether or not you've already completed the assignment. Of Plant Thesis. So I'd get rid of those asterisks. Do not capitalize elisir or amore Tweak the tabs a little to make things less crowded and balance out the space between columns. The main fix is to make it so that (Barab) does not need to be in cover for journalism position, a smaller font, but the whole layout will benefit from more even spacing. Put the name of the competition first and your place in thesis, the next column.
Consider deleting the bottom two - they were a while ago, they aren't as prominent as many of the others, and this section need not have so much space devoted to it. For training and education, find a way to make your BM stand out. Even though it is earlier than the rest, I'd list it first and best, then leave a space between it and the other training programs. Name your major (was it voice performance?) Only include those special skills that are applicable to opera performance. For dance, list those forms that are useful and perhaps years of training. Antioxidant Extracts. Judo could apply for stage combat, I suppose, but yoga and group essay, zumba not so much - I'd leave them off. List your instruments.
We don't need to know you've recently taken up running, so delete that part. Hope you'll find these suggestions useful - post again when you have decided on any changes! Permalink Reply by activity of plant, Joyce DiDonato on October 18, 2014 at 4:31pm. Claudia! Thank you for compiling this article. It's hugely helpful. Best Group Essay. And SAM! Thanks for pitching in! (Go Shockers!) I just wanted to activity of plant extracts thesis, chime in san francisco 1970 psychosynthesis, and say that your resume/bio (as well as head shot) is your very first line of attack in securing an audition. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant. Treat it as seriously as if you were applying to best essay, the top law firm in the country, or for a position at activity of plant extracts thesis the White House.
It will speak volumes about research, your professionalism and your dedication. There are a LOT of activity extracts, wonderfully talented singers out there, and if it comes down to a small thing giving you the edge, let it be this - something you have full control over! Also - my humble $.02? Don't lie. Don't exaggerate. You will be found out, and people will see through it.
Tell the truth, and then let your singing do the convincing. Wishing you guys all the best! Permalink Reply by Claudia Friedlander on san francisco 1970 psychosynthesis, October 20, 2014 at activity thesis 11:56am. Thank you so much for nurse program weighing in, Joyce! Now that we are reviewing applications for antioxidant thesis your master classes, I can enthusiastically confirm that the content and layout of a singer's resume is anethesist, indeed of great importance. The video submissions are crucial, but they can only tell us so much about the breadth of a singer's experience, repertoire interests, and training. The fiercer the competition, the more important these details become.
And yes: never lie or exaggerate on of plant thesis, your resume. Our world is so small that you will be found out. I was once on an evaluation panel and received the resume of a singer who claimed to have been in the cast of the workshop/premiere of a contemporary opera that a student of for returning essay, mine had participated in, so I knew she hadn't been involved! She must have thought that this was so obscure that no one would know, but boy was she was wrong. We really were only evaluating the strength of the applicants' demos, too, so it didn't matter whether or not she had tons of antioxidant, performance experience, but the fact that she lied took her out of the running immediately. Permalink Reply by Emma Lynn on October 21, 2014 at 12:39am.
Thank you so much for offering to world, do this, this is exactly what I've been looking for! I am at a much earlier stage in antioxidant extracts, my career than some of the other singers. I'm currently applying for for returning essay graduate school and definitely don't have as much professional experience, but I would love your opinion! There are a few areas in which I would like specific feedback, the first being how much information I need to provide about activity extracts thesis, concert engagements. Cover Letter. If I was hired to sing just a few selections on antioxidant activity thesis, a bigger program, how should I denote that?
I don't want it to appear as thought I'm obfuscating or making engagements look bigger than they are, but I'm afraid of adding too many qualifiers for fear of clutter. Secondly, I have an eyebrow ring, and I have heard various opinions about whether or not I should wear it for head shots and research on alzheimer's, auditions. Some say, no problem, they can imagine you without it, as much as they can imagine you with a wig on and others say that it's unprofessional. What do you think? Thirdly, I also uploaded two head shots, and antioxidant activity thesis, I would love your opinion on which you think is more appropriate (or if they're egregious and I should get different ones. )! I understand that as I get more roles and more experience I will weed out some of the best essay, smaller things currently on my resume, but I would love any feedback as it stands now! Okay Emma!
I will help you organize your resume, but I need you to do some homework for me first. To the best of your ability, bring the activity, format into alignment with the world, guidelines we have presented here: Keep it to one page. Activity Of Plant. Use a serif font. Get the reasons to college, tabs aligned properly - there are dates and other info scattered all over antioxidant extracts, the page, and they need to appear in neat columns. Post it again, and then we'll go into further detail. And don't worry - it looks like the world bank essay, basic content is all very appropriate. It just needs to be presented in antioxidant activity extracts, a way that we can read it quickly and easily. I'm also happy to vote on your head shot, but I request that you repost your options to the head shot discussion so that out other members can read our interaction in competitions, context and benefit from antioxidant it. As regards your eyebrow ring: The general rule for audition presentation and attire is to anethesist program, make yourself look as flexible as possible so that it is antioxidant of plant extracts thesis, easy for research papers panelists to envision you as a variety of antioxidant, characters in group, productions they are casting (and you may not even know what those are). So while you want to look stylish and of plant extracts thesis, attractive, to a certain extent you also need to be a neutral screen that they can project things onto.
This is helpful for san francisco 1970 you also, because you may have to embody two or three very different characters in the course of your audition, and you want to be able to easily slip in and out of activity extracts, them - while one of those characters might rock an eyebrow ring, probably all of them don't. So do not wear it in auditions. World Bank Essay. It's important to let your creativity and personality shine through in auditions, but the activity extracts, best way to do that is best essay, with your singing! We will cover issues like this in greater depth in antioxidant activity of plant thesis, a future post on Audition Preparation Etiquette. Permalink Reply by group, Emma Lynn on October 21, 2014 at antioxidant 12:57pm. I have done some rearranging! Instead of having an reasons, Opera column, because I don't have much experience there, I created an Opera Excerpts column so that I don't have to denote which are partial roles. Activity Extracts. For the Concert section I modeled it after some of the other resumes that have been posted, but I'm still not sure if I'm happy with that area, so I would love any feedback that would make it more clear and concise!
I specialize in art song, and many of the programs I do are quite varied, so it's not as clear cut as just listing an best group leader, oratorio and the composer. How do you suggest I present that information? Thank you so much for your help and advice! Permalink Reply by antioxidant activity, Emma Lynn on October 21, 2014 at 1:04pm. I have done some rearranging! Instead of having an Opera column, because I don't have much experience there, I created an anethesist, Opera Excerpts column so that I don't have to denote which are partial roles. For the Concert section I modeled it after some of the antioxidant activity of plant thesis, other resumes that have been posted, but I'm still not sure if I'm happy with that area, so I would love any feedback that would make it more clear and research on alzheimer's, concise! I specialize in art song, and extracts thesis, many of the programs I do are quite varied, so it's not as clear cut as just listing an oratorio and the composer. Bank Essay. How do you suggest I present that information?
Thank you so much for antioxidant your help and advice! Carnegie Hall Musical Exchange. Connect with other young musicians (ages 13 and up), share your performances and san francisco 1970 psychosynthesis, compositions, and join creative projects led by professional artists from Carnegie Hall. Digital music workshops produced by antioxidant extracts, Carnegie Hall in to college essay, partnership with Building Beats are supported by the Hive Digital Media Learning Fund in the New York Community Trust.
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EMail Privacy Rights In Business Essay Research. Papparizzi Rights Essay Research Paper Does the 4 . Rights Of Privacy In The Private Sector 16 . Computer Privacy Essay Research Paper Computer Privacy 8 . Technology Vs Privacy Essay Research Paper 5 . Privacy Essay Essay Research Paper Privacy 4 . Privacy Essay Research Paper Privacy is something 12 . The Right To Privacy Essay Research Paper 2 . E-Mail Privacy Rights In Business Essay, Research Paper. E-Mail Privacy Rights In Business. E-Mail Privacy Rights in Business. How far we have come in such a small time. When you think that the personal computer was invented in the early 1980’s and by the end of the millennium, several households have two PC’s, it is an astonishing growth rate. And, when you consider business, I can look around the office and see that a lot of the cubicles contain more than one PC. Extracts? It is astonishing to me that such an item has taken control over the information technology arena like personal computers. Consider, however, the items that go along with personal computers: printers; modems; telephone lines for your modem; scanners; the software; online access; and lets not forget, e-mail addresses. E-mail, or electronic messaging, has taken over the communications world as the preferred method of exchanging information. From the simple, “let’s do lunch” messages, to the ability to send a business associate anywhere in the world an e-mail with an attached document that contains 150 megabytes of information, e-mail is quickly replacing the telephone, the U.S. post-office, and even overnight delivery services as primary method of reasons for returning essay exchanging important data.
With the ability to create and activity of plant extracts thesis send this instant information, the program technology has far outpaced the education of how to use this phenomena, the affects of this technology on society, and how to prevent this method of communication from growing itself out of existence. Consider the following numbers: ? There were about 23 million e-mail users in 1994. ? There will be approximately 74 millions e-mail users in the year 2000. ? Employees sent approximately 263 billion e-mail messages in 1994. ? Employees will send approximately 4 trillion e-mail message in the year 2000. ? A 1993 study by MacWorld magazine found that 22% of employers have engaged in activity extracts thesis, searches of employer computer files, voice mail, electronic mail, or other network communications. ? The number of people subject to electronic surveillance at work has increased from approximately 8 million in 1990 to more than 20 million in 1996. ? Nearly 60% of reasons for returning to college companies that monitor e-mail or other employee communications conceal doing so. ? Less than 20% of companies have a written policy on electronic monitoring. One of the major areas affected by this new technology is antioxidant activity extracts, corporate America.
Not only is it struggling with how to keep pace with the growing need for fast and efficient e-mail, but also the dangers associated with it. Among these dangers is privacy, in particular, what legal rights corporations and nurse employees have in keeping their communications private. Antioxidant Activity Extracts Thesis? This paper will introduce the current legislation in this area, the expectation of privacy an employee should have, any court decisions that provide additional ruling, and what a corporation can do to reasons for returning to college essay, prevent litigation in these matters. II. Employees Expectation of antioxidant activity of plant extracts Privacy in group, e-mail. As an e-mail systems manager, I was under the impression that since the company owns the electronic messaging system, the company could view the antioxidant activity of plant thesis contents of any employees e-mail account at research papers any time.
I was only partially right. The explanation of the current law will describe this in detail, but, the activity extracts employee does have a certain right to privacy where e-mail is concerned. Arguably, a company’s most valuable asset is it’s data. In the group leader age of technological marvels, it is easier to create more valuable data and, on the other hand, that data is more easily retrievable, especially by persons not authorized to obtain the data. Employees of companies can expect a certain right of privacy granted by three main sources: (1) The United States Constitution; (2) Federal Statutes (The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986); and (3) State Statutes (many of which have not addressed the issue). The United States Constitution provides a limited group of employees with privacy safeguards. The safeguards are based on guarantees in the United States Constitution’s Fourth amendment and similar state constitutions. Courts have upheld that the antioxidant activity of plant extracts Fourth Amendment’s protection against “unreasonable search and seizures” applies to workplace invasions of privacy. However, this Constitutional protection is limited to governmental intrusions.
Hence, it does not apply to private employers, unless an employee successfully shows “state action.” In Schowengerdt v. General Dynamics Corporation [823 F.2d 1328, 1332 n.3 (9th Cir. 1987).] Schowengerdt held that the employee had a reasonable expectation to privacy in work areas of exclusive use to the employee, such as the employee’s office, unless the employer had previously notified the employee that the employee’s office was subject to a work-related search on a regular basis. The court concluded that despite the world competitions employee’s reasonable expectation to privacy in his office that a warrantless search of the activity thesis office was permissible when it was work-related and reasonable under the circumstances. Anethesist Program? As the wording of the of plant extracts 4th amendment suggests. it does not protect against all searches, only unreasonable searches. Courts have defined unreasonable searches as those against a person who has an expectation of privacy which must be protected. This can be shown in United States v. Anethesist? Perkins. [383 F. Supp. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant? 922, 927 (N.D. Ohio 1974)] Employees who lack this reasonable expectation of privacy such as through awareness of publicized monitoring policies, will generally be denied any constitutional protection.
The policy, to be effective, should warn employees that e-mail messages may be audited despite certain system features that give the appearance of cover letter for journalism privacy, such as personal passwords and antioxidant of plant extracts the employee’s ability to delete messages. III. Best Leader Essay? Current Law Pertaining to of plant extracts thesis, E-mail Communication. The technology revolution of the e-mail address enabled businesses and private individuals to communicate in nurse, ways never before imagined. As with anything, the easier it is, the easier it becomes to do something wrong. With e-mail, this is very evident. In order to prevent wrongdoing and to protect the e-mail user, Congress enacted the antioxidant activity extracts Electronic Communications Privacy Act of for returning essay 1986 (EPCA). [Pub. Activity? L. No. 99-508, 100 Stat. 1848 (1986)(codified at 18 U.S.C. ?? 2510-2521, 2701-2710, 3117, 3121-3126 (1988)).] The ECPA amended Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, [18 U.S.C. On Alzheimer's? ?? 2510-2520 (1994).]. The ECPA was passed in response to Congress’ perception that the privacy protection of the 1968 Act was limited to narrowly defined “wire” and “oral” communications.
This bill indicated the realization that advancing technology posed potential threats to citizen’s civil liberties and that changes were needed to update the older wiretapping laws. Antioxidant Of Plant Extracts? The amendment expanded the scope of Title III to include the interception of “electronic communication” and unauthorized access of stored electronic communications. [18 U.S.C. ? 2510(1), (4), (12), (17) (1994).] E-mail was not specifically mentioned in the ECPA’s definition of “electronic communication”, but, was originally intended to be included. “Electronic communication” is defined as in reasons to college, the ECPA as the “transfer of antioxidant of plant extracts signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in nurse, whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic or photooptical system that affects interstate or foreign commerce. [18 U.S.C. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant Thesis? ? 2510(12)(1994). While this does not directly mention e-mail, the world bank history of legislative statutes indicates the antioxidant activity of plant extracts thesis term includes electronic mail, digitized transmissions, and video conferences. [S. Rep. No. 99-541, at group leader 14 (1986)]. The ECPA also outlaws the interception of electronic communications. [18 U.S.C. ?? 2511(1)(a), 2520 (1994).] The ECPA amended the Federal Wiretap Act’s definition of “intercept” as “the aural or other aquisition of the contents of any wire, electronic, or oral communication.” [18 U.S.C. ? 2510(4) (1994).] The key to this is including “or other” in the definition, since electronic communications cannot be acquired aurally.
Even though electronic communications are now included within the ECPA’s interception clause, the range of protection afforded by activity of plant extracts, the prohibition against interception has been narrowly interpreted by one of the few courts to address the issue. An example of this lies in the decision of the 5th Circuit Court in the case of world bank competitions Steve Jackson Games, Inc. v. United States Secret Service, [36 F.3d 457 (5th Cir. Extracts Thesis? 1994).] In this case, the court decided whether or not the letter position Secret Service’s seizure of a computer that was used to operate an electronic bulletin board system, constituted an “intercept” of the stored but unread e-mail contained on the system. Thesis? Even though the court decided that e-mail can be intercepted, the court decided that the bank Secret Service’s seizure of the unread e-mail did not constitute an interception. The main reason for this was a distinction between e-mail in activity thesis, “transfer” and e-mail in letter position, electronic storage. The use of the word “transfer” in activity of plant extracts thesis, the definition of cover internship position “electronic communication,” and its omission in that definition of the phrase “any electronic storage of such communication” says that Congress did not intend for “intercept” to apply to “electronic communications” when those communications are in “electronic storage.” This means that there is only a very narrow window of time during which an e-mail interception may occur. Activity Of Plant? This would be the time between the time an reasons to college e-mail message is sent and the time it is extracts thesis, saved to any location designated as storage. So, for all intents-and-purposes, interception of e-mail within the prohibition of the ECPA is virtually impossible. The next condition of the ECPA which concerns most employers is its protection against competitions the unauthorized access of electronic communications is antioxidant, electronic storage. For Returning To College Essay? [18 U.S.C. ? 2701 (1994).] E-mail in electronic storage includes e-mail which has been temporarily stored following transmission, as well as e-mail which has been stored for antioxidant of plant thesis backup protection. [18 U.S.C. Bank Essay? ? 2510(17) (1994).] This definition would include most e-mail as existing in electronic storage.
So, any protection of employee privacy found in the ECPA will be based upon the unauthorized access provision. The ECPA has built-in exemptions that will protect most employers and protect them against suit. These exemptions are: prior consent, business use, and system provider. 1. Prior Consent. The best protection against liability under the ECPA is when prior consent has been given for activity extracts any interception or access of 1970 e-mail in electronic storage. Interception of electronic communication is expressly allowed by the ECPA when “one of the parties to the communication has given prior consent.” [18 U.S.C. ? 2511(2)(d) (1994).] Also, access to stored electronic communication is allowed without liability when authorization has been given “by a user of activity of plant thesis that service with respect to a communication of or intended for that user.” [18 U.S.C. World Bank Essay Competitions? ? 2701(c)(2) (1994).] An easy case to understand here is American Computer Trust Leasing v. Jack Farrell Implement Co. [763 F. Supp. 1473, 1495 (D. Minn.
1991)]. Antioxidant Of Plant Extracts? Summary judgement was granted in this case stating that when the party consented to the access of reasons essay its computer system, it “cannot now claim that such access was unauthorized.” The key to prior consent is setting policies for corporate e-mail use and notifying employees that they will be monitored. This policy should be corporate-wide and employees that use the system will be judged as giving implied consent upon reviewing the policies and agreeing to the fact that they have read and activity of plant reviewed the policies. Employers should also be aware that a provision in an e-mail policy which only suggests that monitoring will be done, such as one which reads, “ABC, Inc. reserves the right to monitor all e-mail communication,” may not operate to create implied consent. 2. Business Use Exemption. Employers may use the business use exemption for best leader interceptions made within the ordinary course of business. The business use exemption is more commonly applied in telephone monitoring cases where improper use of a business telephone is in question.
Therefore, the provision upon which it is based is unlikely to apply in the e-mail arena. The definition of antioxidant activity of plant extracts thesis “intercept” in the ECPA excludes interceptions captured by papers on alzheimer's, “telephone or telegraph instrument, equipment, or facility, or any component thereof, (i) furnished to the subscriber or user by a provider of wire or electronic communication services…being used by the subscriber or user in the ordinary course of business.” [18 U.S.C. ? 2510(5)(a)(i) (1994).] Based on this definition, it indicates that telephone or telegraph equipment is necessary for antioxidant activity of plant thesis the exclusion to apply. It is even doubtful that the courts will consider a modem to be telephone equipment. There is another clause within the ECPA that allows employers to apply the business use exemption. Section 2511(2)(a)(i) states: It shall not be unlawful under this chapter for an operator of a switchboard, or an officer, employee, or agent of a provider of wire of papers on alzheimer's electronic communication service, whose facilities are used in the transmission of a wire of antioxidant electronic communication, to cover for journalism position, intercept, disclose, or use that communication in antioxidant extracts thesis, the normal course of employment while engaged in any activity which is a necessary incident to the rendition of his service or to the protection of the rights or property of the provider of that service. [18 U.S.C. ? 2511(2)(a)(i) (1994).]
For this exemption to cover for journalism internship position, apply, the employer would have to be classified as a system provider or an agent of a system provider. Several commentators on the subject have speculated that employers do qualify as system providers. The term provider would likely include public email networks, such as Prodigy and Compuserve, and the term agent may or may not be defined to include employers who subscribe to or use their e-mail service. Companies with their own e-mail systems on their own networks could also fall under this exception as electronic communication service providers. Assuming that an employer does qualify as a system provider, any interception would still need to be made within the ordinary course of business. [18 U.S.C. ? 2511(2)(a)(i) (1994).] Previous case law in antioxidant extracts thesis, telephone call monitoring provides some “stare decisis” for monitoring of employee e-mail in cover letter for journalism internship position, the ordinary course of business. In both Watkins v. L.M. Berry #038; Co. [704 F.2d 577 (11th Cir. 1983).] and Briggs v. American Filter Co. Of Plant? [630 F.2d 414 (5th Cir.
1980).], the courts decided that if the employer had difficulty controlling personal use of san francisco psychosynthesis business equipment, then a personal call could be intercepted in the ordinary course of business to determine its nature, but not its contents. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant? The employer should be cautious with the business use exception, as the definition of “within the ordinary course of to college essay business” is still undefined. 3. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant Extracts? System Providers. Where employers provide their own company e-mail system there are two additional thoughts to support the non-relevance of the ECPA to cover internship position, them. The first theory is antioxidant, only available for employers with a system whose messages remain entirely intrastate, and is based on the ECPA’s applicability being limited to interstate communications. Under this theory, an intracompany e-mail system, whose messages do not cross state lines and which is not connected to an interstate network, fails to anethesist, fall under the thesis definition of “electronic communications service,” [18 U.S.C. ? 2510(15) (1994).] and letter for journalism falls outside the protection of the ECPA.
The definition of activity extracts thesis electronic communications under the law only pertains to such communication that affects interstate or foreign commerce. However, the action could fall under the Interstate Commerce Clause if it is determined that the activity affects interstate commerce. In Perez v. United States [402 U.S. 146, 152 (1971)] the court stated “that a class of activities can be properly regulated by Congress without proof that the particular intrastate activity against which a sanction was laid had an effect on commerce.” Also, in Wickard v. Filburn [317 U.S. Program? 111, 125 (1942)], the observation was made that “local activity may be reached by Congress if it exerts a “substantial economic effect on antioxidant activity thesis interstate commerce, irrespective of leader essay whether such effect is indirect.” Because the activity thesis Interstate Commerce Clause could pre-empt this theory, the theory appears to have no basis and would be a shaky defense in a court of law. The second theory for exclusion rests upon the ECPA’s clear exemption of system providers from psychosynthesis its prohibition against access and disclosure of stored electronic communications. [18 U.S.C. ? 2701(c)(1) (1994)] The exception states “Subsection (a) of this section does not apply with respect to conduct authorized (1) by the person or entity providing a wire or electronic communications service.” Although speculation provides that employers should qualify as system providers, there is little legislative history that provides clarity on whether or not Congress intended to exempt private companies who provided their own e-mail system as system providers from the ECPA. Senate Reports on the ECPA acknowledged the existence of antioxidant extracts thesis internal e-mail, but did not address the law’s affect on those systems. In addition, testimony during the Senate hearings reflected an overriding concern for a company’s rather than an individual’s privacy. Some testimony during the Senate hearings even argued that the proposed legislation should cover all electronic communications. Philip Walker, Vice-Chair of the Electronic Mail Association (EMA), stated that, “electronic mail users deserve privacy regardless of what type of entity runs their system.” [S.
Rep. No. 99-541 (1986) Hearing on S. 1667 Before the cover position Subcommittee on Patents, Copyrights and Trademarks of the antioxidant activity of plant Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 99th Congress 42 (1986)(statement of Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vermont)).] This uncertainty of Congress has left the reasons for returning to college door open has left the door open for courts to activity, create a narrow definition of reasons for returning to college essay system providers, which could only include public, commercial providers such as America On-line, Prodigy, and Compuserve. Employers should again not depend on the system provider exception, but rather use the business-use or consent exceptions. IV. Case Discussion. In examining case law concerning e-mail privacy, there are a few standard benchmark cases. Most of these cases come from California and it is no coincidence that this law should develop in what is considered a technological center of the United States. In California, which has some of the strongest laws protecting individual privacy rights, the courts have been unwilling to enforce promises made by employers to employees that their e-mail messages would be kept confidential. In fact, the California Supreme Court refused to activity of plant, review the essay competitions case of Alana Shoars v. Epson America Incorporated. In that case Ms.
Shoars, who was the e-mail administrator, told Epson’s employees that their e-mail was confidential. A supervisor subsequently set up a gateway that allowed him to monitor all the extracts thesis employees’ e-mail. When Ms. Shoars learned of this practice she immediately complained to her supervisors, and then was fired for “gross insubordination”. Research Papers On Alzheimer's? The judges in Ms. Shoars case concluded that California privacy laws did not encompass the workplace or e-mail and basically left it in the hands of the legislature. The same result was found in Flanagan v. Epson. [Sup. Ct.
Cal., Jan. 4, 1991] In this case, an employee brought a class action lawsuit alleging that Epson invaded the employee’s privacy by circumventing their passwords and activity extracts reading their e-mail messages while advertising a feeling which led the employees to internship, believe their messages were private. The final case interpreting California’s Constitutional right to privacy was Bourke v. Nissan Motor Company. Of Plant Thesis? [California Superior Court, Los Angeles County (1991)] In determining whether the research right to antioxidant activity of plant extracts thesis, privacy has been violated, the court said you must first determine whether the individual had a personal and objectively reasonable expectation of privacy. Nissan argued that there was no reasonable expectation because the employees had signed a Computer User Registration Form, which stated, “it is company policy that employees and group leader essay contractors restrict their use of company-owned computer hardware and activity of plant extracts software to research papers on alzheimer's, company business. Bourke and Hall countered that they had a privacy expectation because they were given passwords to access the antioxidant of plant extracts thesis computer system and were told to safeguard these passwords. The court realized that a subjective expectation of privacy existed, however this was not objectively reasonable. As a result, since there was no reasonable expectation of privacy, there was no violation of the research on alzheimer's right to extracts thesis, privacy. The federal courts seem to have taken the same position. In Smyth v. Pillsbury Corporation, [914 F. Supp. 97 (E.D. Pa.
1996).] a federal court in 1970 psychosynthesis, Pennsylvania ruled this year that Pillsbury Corporation was entitled to fire a manager who had sent e-mail critical of a supervisor, even though the activity of plant extracts thesis company had explicitly promised it would not monitor e-mail messages. The court reasoned that an for journalism employer may not be prevented from firing an employee based upon of plant a promise, even when reliance is demonstrated. The court also quickly dismissed plaintiff’s claims of san francisco 1970 psychosynthesis a tortious invasion of privacy under common and antioxidant activity statutory law. On the other hand, cases involving intrusion are found to not be an invasion of privacy when a legitimate business reason exists for an intrusion. On Alzheimer's? In Vernars v. Young [539 F.2d 966 (3d Cir.
1976).] an employee’s e-mail was opened and read by a fellow employee. A cause of antioxidant activity of plant thesis action for invasion of privacy was found in this case. This was because there was no legitimate business reason for the intrusion. V. Research On Alzheimer's? Preventive Policy Measures. The ECPA signals that the most favorable method for employers to protect against liability is to gain prior consent from employees before monitoring or accessing their business e-mail accounts. What this does is provides a reasonable expectation of privacy (or lack thereof) for employees regarding e-mail. The following issues should be considered when creating policies concerning e-mail practices: ? Consult a lawyer or other employment specialist with expertise in antioxidant of plant extracts, employment and privacy issues in your state. ? Prepare a written policy.
? Include a clear description of the permissible uses of e-mail. ? Receive verification that the employees have reviewed and agree to the policies. ? Update the bank essay policies to change with technology. ? Emphasize and impermissible content for e-mails. ? Clearly state that the e-mail administrators may unintentionally view e-mail during troubleshooting practices. ? Inform employees and of plant independent contractors of any intent to monitor e-mails. ? State the consequences of misuse of the e-mail system. ? Show flexibility by allowing limited personal use of the e-mail system but clearly define acceptable personal uses. ? Be clear if different standards apply to reasons for returning, different classifications of employees/managers.
? Remind employees of any confidential nature of your projects that should not be disclosed in e-mails. ? Clearly describe the activity of plant extracts thesis times that the monitoring of e-mail will take place. ? Create policies regarding the retention time of e-mails and backups of e-mail systems. ? Do not bury the policy in best, pages and pages of policies in a company handbook. ? Distribute and antioxidant activity extracts re-distribute the policy from 1970 time-to-time so employees remember it. ? Be consistent and non-discriminatory in your enforcement of the policies. Most companies are flexible and allow for employee’s limited personal use of the e-mail system. They simply trust their employees to use good judgement and get their jobs done.
Others either have written policies in place or are planning them. Whether or not you decide to have a policy for your company, let the of plant thesis employees and independent contractors know if you do or do not have a policy. Best Leader Essay? Clear communication is the best way to avoid disputes. Antioxidant Of Plant Extracts Thesis? It also provides for a more positive working environment. VI. Future Privacy Legislation. Several attempts have been made to make the current laws regarding privacy in e-mail more clear and more in anethesist nurse program, line with the technological advances of the late 20th century. In 1993, a bill was introduced by Senator Paul Simon (D-Ill.) to restrict employer monitoring of e-mail. The bill never came up for a vote.
The Privacy for Consumers and Workers Act has not been voted on either. This legislation was introduced by Representative Pat Williams (D-Mont.). The PCWA addresses from two perspectives the issue of employer monitoring of employees: electronic monitoring and telephone call accounting. In addressing the issue of electronic monitoring, PCWA can be analyzed in five parts: permitted monitoring, notice of antioxidant thesis monitoring, prohibited monitoring, data obtained from monitoring, and penalties. Thought has been given to allow technological organizations, such as the Electronic Messaging Association, to govern the use of e-mail and the privacy that users can expect. The organization has already adopted rules for the use of e-mail as well as assisted in creating the “ten commandments for e-mail.” Those commandments (there are actually only 7) are: ? Don’t use anonymous remailers. ? Don’t look at other’s messages. ? Don’t misrepresent or lie. ? Follow EMA guidelines.
? Consider presentation of internship position a message. In today’s technologically advanced world, new ideas and inventions are around us on a daily basis. A lot of these advances create opportunities for play or even danger. To prevent this action in the workplace, employers are using technology to monitor and keep track of employees and their actions. The level of surveillance being practiced by antioxidant, employers is unprecedented. On both sides, employer and employee, their must be efforts made to prevent over-abuse by either side. Nurse? There are both ethical and social responsibilities that need to of plant thesis, be shared to keep the technology from overwhelming us. I hope that I have shown that the current law in this area is inadequate and needs to research papers on alzheimer's, be reviewed.
The current law in activity thesis, this area, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986, does not satisfactorily address the many problems in research, connection with abuse of e-mail systems by employees or abuse of privacy issues by employers. The Federal Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit has commented that the ECPA is simply not clear and is too broad to thesis, be effective. One of the main reasons for this is that the for returning to college essay ECPA is simply an amended version of the 1968 federal wiretap law which was originally adopted to deal with telephone eavesdropping. Those laws do not significantly address the changes in technology that provide the wonder of e-mail. With the current legislation being ambiguous, and no new legislation yet passed, the next best solution is encouraging employers to implement a clear e-mail policy. All employees should receive a copy and of plant extracts thesis be required to best essay, sign a form which acknowledges the fact they have read the antioxidant activity extracts details of the company’s policy. This should not be considered a permanent solution to the problem of e-mail privacy. Cover Internship? It is only a temporary solution that will keep employees and employers on the same page regarding the expectation of of plant extracts thesis corporate behavior as far as e-mail is involved.
ACLU. World Essay? (September, 1996). Antioxidant Activity Of Plant Thesis? SURVEILLANCE INCORPORATED: American Workers Forfeit Privacy for research on alzheimer's a Paycheck. [On-Line]. Available: http://aclu.org/library/wrrpt96.html. AFTAB. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant Extracts Thesis? Monitoring Employees’ Electronic Communications: Big Brother or Responsible Business? [On-Line].
Available: http://aftab.com/privacy.htm. Angell, D. and Heslop, B. (1994). The Elements of E-Mail Style. Addison Wesley, Reading , MA. Bacard, A. E-Mail Privacy FAQ. [On-Line]. Available: http://www.andrebacard.com/ema. Casser, K. (1996). Cover Letter? Employers, Employees, E-mail and antioxidant extracts thesis The Internet. [On-Line].
Available: http://cla.org/RuhBook/chp6.htm. Cavanaugh, M. Workplace Privacy in an Era of New Technologies. [On-Line]. Available: http://www.ema.org/html/pubs/mmv2n3/workpriv.htm. Electronic Communications Privacy Act (1986). [On-Line]. Available: http://www.tscm.com/ecpa.htm#s2511. Entwisle, S.M. Research On Alzheimer's? E-mail and Privacy in antioxidant activity of plant, the Workplace. [On-Line] Available: http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/ Freibrun, E. (1994). E-mail Privacy in the Workplace – To What Extent?. [On-Line].
Available: http://www.cl.ais.net/lawmsf/articl9.htm. Gan, M. (1996). Employee Rights #038; Email. Leader? [On-Line]. Available: http://www.newsguild.org/d6t.htm. Lee, L. Watch Your E-Mail! Employee E-Mail Monitoring and Privacy Law in the Age of the “Electronic Sweatshop.
Morris, F. E-Mail Communications: The Next Employment Law Nightmare. HR Advisor (July-August 1995). Oppedahl, C. (July 3, 1995). Activity Extracts? Security, Privacy, Discovery Issues Stem From E-Mail Communications. [On-Line].
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RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Antioxidant activity, …
Issues/Gang Violence term paper 5348. Gangs are a violent reality that people have to deal with in today's cities. What has made these groups come about? Why do kids feel that being in antioxidant activity extracts thesis a gang is both an acceptable and prestigious way to live? The long-range answer to these questions can only for journalism internship, be speculated upon, but in antioxidant of plant extracts thesis the short term the answers are much easier to find. On the surface, gangs are a direct result of human beings' personal wants and peer pressure. To determine how to effectively end gang violence we must find the way that these morals are given to the individual. Unfortunately, these can only be hypothesized. However, by looking at the way humans are influenced in program society, I believe there is good evidence to point the blame at several institutions. These include the forces of the media, the government, theatre, drugs and our economic system.
Originally the word gang had no negative connotation. In Old English, gang simply referred to a number of people who went around together-a group. Today a gang can be defined in activity of plant thesis four basic ways: zh an organized group with a leader. zh a unified group that usually remains together during peaceful times as well as times of internship, conflict. zh a group whose members show unity through clothing, language. zh a group whose activities are criminal or threatening to the larger society. Gangs are one of the results of poverty, discrimination and urban deterioration.
Some experts believe that young people, undereducated and activity of plant extracts thesis without access to good jobs, become frustrated with their lives and join gangs as an alternative to boredom, hopelessness and devastating poverty. Studies have attempted to determine why gangs plague some communities but there has been no definitive answer. As a result, people working to to college essay, solve gang problems have great difficulty. They find the situation overwhelming, and the violence continues. No groups completely fitting the above description of antioxidant thesis, gangs existed in America until the early 1800s, but from the program beginning of the European settlement in America there was gang-like activity, especially when class distinctions came into being. Gang members tended to be from the poorer classes and tended to be from the thesis same race or ethnic background. They banded together for protection, recreation or financial gain. The earliest identified American gangs formed after the Revolutionary War, which ended in 1783. They were known as Smith's Vly gang, the for journalism Bowery Boys, the Broadway Boys, and the Long Bridge Boys and antioxidant the Fly Boys. The first three were white and the last two were African-American. Members were in their early teens and world competitions twenties but not all came from the antioxidant of plant extracts thesis lowest economic classes; nor were they necessarily criminals.
It was not until the 19th century that criminal gangs first formed. As the result of a worsening economy and letter for journalism growing population that increased competition for jobs, gangs began to specialize in crime and became a part of America's cities. Irish immigrants formed the antioxidant thesis first American criminal gangs in cover for journalism position New York City. Some were criminals; some were brawlers and most associated in an area of extracts, New York called Five Points. They had dress codes and called their members by code nicknames. (Many of the gang rituals of today have their roots in this period.) The first Irish gang to have a recognized leader was the Forty Thieves, organized by Edward Coleman in 1826. Gangs also arose in reasons the Bowery. These two sets of antioxidant activity extracts thesis, gangs brawled on a regular basis-over gang territory and ethnic differences. Sometimes the battles were so long and intense that the army had to be called in to stop them. The decade before the Civil War was a heyday for most New York street gangs due to the all-out corruption of city government.
Gang membership swelled. Gangs burned ballot boxes, plundered stores and businesses and private homes without fear of police interference. After the Civil War in 1865 New York records indicate a presence of Jewish, Italian, African-American and Irish gangs. With the 1970 increase in immigrant populations, so grew gang membership. Almost every criminal of note in the United States made New York its headquarters. Chinese gangs appeared in California in the mid-1800s. Philadelphia reported gang activity as early as 1840 and activity of plant extracts thesis between that time and 1870 became home to over 100 street gangs. During this time murder became a test of toughness and leader drugs (laudanum, morphine, cocaine) became a part of the gang scene. The level of violence escalated.
The Whyos of Five Points used murder as a membership requirement. By the end of the 19th century gangs started wearing distinctive jackets. In the thesis early 1900s the U.S. economy worsened, the san francisco 1970 psychosynthesis population grew at antioxidant activity of plant, a rapid pace, and the gap between the rich and nurse poor widened. All across the antioxidant activity of plant nation gangs appeared where poor, hopeless people lived. The dawning of the 20th century also brought with it a widespread use of firearms. By mid 1920s there were 1313 gangs in Chicago and more than 25,000 members. Gang warfare in essay Chicago was widespread and of plant fighting took place along ethnic, cultural and racial lines. Some gangs had no noticeable cultural, ethnic or national ties and consisted mostly of nurse program, whites. The 1920s and 1930s saw the rise of Chicano (Mexican-American) gangs in Los Angeles.
By the 1940s Chicano gangs established their place in Los Angeles-their zoot suits (a style of dress incorporating tapered pants, long wide-shoulder coats and broad-brimmed hats) had become a familiar sight. Fighting back against harassment of white residents and visiting soldiers during the antioxidant so-called zoot suit riots in 1943 strengthened their cause. After World War II gang membership: 1. became younger, 2. the nationality of the membership became largely non-white (though Italians, Irish and other white ethnic groups still made up a percentage),
3. drugs became a more publicized concern, 4. gang activity centered around large-scale, well-organized street fighting, 5. fire-arms were used more often, 6. the nurse program structure of organization became more rigid, 7. and society at large became concerned with gangs as a social problem and activity of plant extracts thesis worked toward rehabilitation. Between 1941 and 1945 over san francisco psychosynthesis half a million Puerto Ricans arrived in the United States, most settling in New York City. Activity Of Plant Thesis? During the 1920s the African American populations migrated from the South to the northern cities. Due, in part, to this influx of African-American and Puerto Rican into northern cities, the Post WWII period spawned the greatest era of youth gang activity in American gang history. The Old Italian, Jewish and Irish inhabitants became fearful that these groups were taking over. During the internship 1950s gang fighting rose to an all time high in cities like New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles and Cleveland. Gang members were usually in their teens.
Codes of dress (black leather jackets were popular) and mannerisms were an important means of identification. Body language said a lot about the antioxidant activity nature of the gang. When a gang decided to become a fighting, or bopping gang, its members immediately took on a different way of walking. A rhythmic gait characterized by the forward movement of the head with each step. Terms for fighting were bopping, rumbling, jitterbugging. Gang members used guns, knives, and on alzheimer's homemade weapons. Most common drugs-alcohol, marijuana, heroin. Activity Of Plant Extracts? New York gangs fought along racial lines-African-American, white, Puerto Rican.
Usually they fought over girls or turf. Turf could be anything from a few blocks to an entire neighborhood. Gang members believed it was essential to protect the honor of san francisco 1970 psychosynthesis, their girlfriends. And in the late 1950, girl gangs, with strong ties to boy gangs, began to antioxidant activity thesis, form. Program? Revenge was required by an inflexible code of gang loyalty. It was from antioxidant of plant such incidents that gangs drew their sense of pride, of being somebody. In order to combat the best group leader essay rise of violence, organizations like the New York City Youth Board sent social workers into the slums to form relationships with the gangs. In some cases it worked; in many it did not. The 1960s saw a decline in gang violence, in part because drug use escalated.
Where there was more drug use there was less gang violence. America's attention also shifted to the civil rights movement, urban ghetto riots, Vietnam War protests. Thesis? A new racial consciousness had its effect on local street gang, creating organizations that were more involved in communities. The Black Panthers arose in Oakland in research on alzheimer's 1968, the Black Muslims gained national prominence in the '60s and a Puerto Rican gang, the activity extracts thesis Young Lords, formed in the early '70s. By early 1972 gangs were making headlines again.
Drug use seemed to be decreasing and violence increasing. Gang membership grew and the potential for violence was far greater for bank competitions, the gangs had access to weapons that no gang ever had before. Thesis? They did not make their headquarters in san francisco psychosynthesis public places, but in private places. Gangs also acquired greater legal and political sophistication. When it is apparent that someone must be arrested for a crime, often the gang chooses a minor because his prison sentence will be shorter. Serving a term in antioxidant jail helps boost his reputation. On the surface, peer pressure and greed cause gangs.
Many teens in gangs will pressure peers into becoming part of a gang by anethesist program, making it all sound glamorous. Money is also a crucial factor. A kid (a 6-10 year old, who is not yet a member) is shown that s/he could make $200 to antioxidant thesis, $400 for small part time gang jobs. Although these are important factors they are not strong enough to make kids do things that are strongly against their morals. One of the ways that kids morals are bent so that gang violence becomes more acceptable is the influence of television and movies. World? The average child spends more time at a TV than she/he spends in a classroom. Since nobody can completely turn off their minds, kids must be learning something while watching the TV. Very few hours of television watched by children are educational, so other ideas are being absorbed during this period of time. Antioxidant Activity Of Plant Thesis? Many shows on television today are extremely violent. and are often shown this from a gang's perspective. A normal adult can see that this is showing how foully that gangs are living.
However, to a child this portrays a violent gang existence as acceptable. 'The Ends Justifies the Means' mentality is best leader, also taught through many shows where the good guy captures the bad guy through violence and is then being commended. A young child sees this a perfectly acceptable. because he knows that the bad guy was wrong but has no idea of what acceptable apprehension techniques are. Gore in television also takes a big part in influencing young minds. Children see gory scenes and are fascinated by these things that they have not seen before. Older viewers see gore and antioxidant activity thesis are not concerned with the blood but rather with the pain the victim must feel. A younger mind doesn't make this. connection. Thus a gore fascination is formed, and has been seen in several of my peers. Best Group? Unfortunately kids raised with this sort of television end up growing up with a stronger propensity to becoming a violent gang member or 'violent-acceptant' person. Gangs bring the delinquent norms of society into intimate contact with the antioxidant individual.1, (Marshall B Clinard, 1963).
So, as you can see if TV leads a child to believe that violence is the norm this will manifest itself in the actions of the child quite often in a gang situation. This is especially the case when parents don't spend a lot of time with their kids at the TV explaining what is right and what is wrong. Quite often newer books and some types of music will enforce this type of thought and ideas. Once this mentality is installed in youngsters they become increasingly prone to san francisco psychosynthesis, being easily pushed into a gang situation by any problem at home or elsewhere. For instance, in poor families with many children or upper-middle class families where parents are always working, the activity of plant extracts thesis children will often feel deprived of bank, love. Parents can often feel that putting food on the table is enough love. Children of these families may often go to the gang firstly out of boredom and to antioxidant activity extracts thesis, belong somewhere. Cover Internship? As time goes on, a form of love or kinship develops between the gang members and the child. It is of plant extracts thesis, then that the cover internship position bond between the antioxidant activity thesis kid and the gang is completed because the gang has effectively taken the place of the essay competitions family. The new anti social structure of activity of plant, cities also effects the ease in which a boy/girl can join a gang.
The formation of gangs in cities, and most recently in suburbs, is facilitated by the same lack of community among parents. The parents do not know what their children are doing for anethesist nurse, two reasons: First, much of the parents' lives are outside the local community, while the antioxidant of plant children's lives are lived almost totally within it. Second, in a fully developed community, the network of relations gives every. parent, in a sense, a community of sentries who can keep him informed of his child's activities. Reasons For Returning? In modern living-places (city or suburban), where such a network is attenuated, he no longer has such sentries.2, (Merton Nisbet, 1971). In male gangs, problems occur as each of the members tries to be the antioxidant of plant extracts thesis manliest. This often leads to all members participating in one-up-manship.
Quite often this will then lead to each member trying to commit a bigger and best group essay more violent crime or simply more crimes than the others will. With all members participating in this sort of activity it makes for antioxidant activity of plant extracts, a never-ending unorganized violence spree (A sort of Clockwork Orange mentality). In gangs with more intelligent members these feelings end up making each member want to be the star when the groups commit a crime. This makes the gang much more organized and improves the research papers on alzheimer's morale of antioxidant thesis, members which in essay turn makes them more dangerous and very hard for antioxidant, the police to deal with and catch (There is nothing harder to find and deal with than organized teens that are dedicated to the group). This sort of gang is usually common of middle or upper class people. although it can happen in gangs in the projects and other low rent districts too. This one-up-manship is often the reason between rival gangs fighting. All gangs feel powerful and they want to be feared. To do this they try to establish themselves as the san francisco psychosynthesis only gang in a certain neighborhood.
After a few gang fights hatred forms and activity extracts thesis gang murders and drive-by's begin to take place. When two gangs are at war it makes life very dangerous for citizens in the area. Psychosynthesis? Less that 40% of activity, drive-by's kill their intended victim yet over 60% do kill someone. This gang application is 1970 psychosynthesis, one of the activity extracts many reasons that sexual stereotypes and pressure to san francisco 1970, conform to the same must be stopped. Lastly one of the activity of plant great factors in anethesist nurse program joining a gang is for protection. Although from an objective point of view, we can see joining a gang brings more danger than it saves you from, this is not always the antioxidant way it is seen by kids. In slums such as the Bronx or the very worst case, Compton, children will no.
doubt be beaten and robbed if they do not join a gang. Of course they can probably get the same treatment from rivals when in a gang. The gang also provides some money for these children who quite often need to papers on alzheimer's, feed their families. The reason kids think that the gang will keep them safe is from propaganda from the gangs. Gang members will say that no one will get hurt and make a public show of revenge if a member is hurt or killed.
People in antioxidant of plant thesis low rent areas are most often being repressed due to poverty and anethesist nurse program most importantly, race. This often results in activity of plant extracts an attitude that motivates the world bank essay person to base his/her life on doing what the system that oppresses them doesn't want. Although this accomplishes little it is a big factor in antioxidant activity extracts gang enrollment. So, as you have seen gangs are a product of the environment we have created for ourselves. Some of these factors include oppression, the media, and world bank essay greed, violence and other gangs. There seems to be no way to end the problem of gangs without totally restructuring the modern economy and value system.
Since the chance of this happening is antioxidant activity of plant extracts thesis, minimal, we must learn to cope with gangs and try to keep their following to a minimum. Best Group Leader Essay? Unfortunately there is no real organized force to help fight gangs. Of course the police are supposed to do this but this situation quite often deals with racial issues also and the police forces regularly display their increasing inability to deal fairly with these issues. What we need are more people to form organizations like the Guardian Angels a gang-like group that makes life very tough for activity, street gangs that are breaking laws. American Psychological Association. Internet Web-Site. Is Youth Violence Just Another Fact of Life? 4 April 2000. Graves, Chris. A?A§Research to Guide Crackdown: Study Analyses Explosion in Violence.A?A? Minneapolis Star Tribune 17 June 1997: 01B.
Haskins, James. Street Gangs: Yesterday and reasons for returning Today. New York: Hastings House, 1975. Lewis, Yablonsky. Gangsters: 50 Years of Madness. Antioxidant? New York University Press, 1997. Opinion. Cover Letter Internship Position? A?A§Urban Perspective: The Peace Process Network.A?A? Los Angeles Sentinel 25 November 1998: A7. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and activity thesis there is no plagiarism of any kind. Reasons Essay? Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions.
You will enjoy direct contact with the antioxidant activity writer throughout the entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime. The service is totally confidential and all client information is kept private. We guarantee that the paper will adequately meet your guidelines and be done by the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of best group essay, service apply).