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aspire business plan NEW Buy Assignment Online and Get Instant 10% Discount + 20% Cashback . BOOK NOW. Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now! GET BEST GRADE, ORDER NOW. Strategic Business Plan For Aspire Enterprise Pvt. Line By Line? Ltd. 192 Downloads | 11 Pages 2,538 Words. Every enterprise from the very beginning of its establishment posses some objectives and goals, few of them are long term goal and few of them are short term goals. Fulfilling of short term goals are the key for achieving the long term objects but to accomplish these objects the enterprisers of that enterprise must adopt some principals and plans. Cover? Executing these plans is much essential for betterment of the on man line by line business concern.

Entrepreneurs must adapt some strategies for achieving its prima facie objectives. Like other well established business concerns Aspire Enterprise is also adapting strategic plans for execution of its new business proposals. Letter? Implementation of these plans may take the entrepreneur to a higher level as to its organic food store’ development is concern (Foss, 2007). On Man Analysis By Line? 2. Development of business profile: To increase the profitability via increasing the chain marketing business as well as joint venturing with the other organisation. Aspire Enterprise Pvt. Ltd. is committed to provide the greater quality of food including fresh and healthy food to the local community. The staffs of the food store are friendly ready to advised for resume nyc selecting better combination of food. Committed to provide the fresh and healthy food to the customers that organically grown fruits vegetables. Personnel cost will be less than $200 in an essay on man analysis line by line the first year and $100 in cover to industry the next year. Increase the sales up to analysis line, $300 in the first year and more than 1 million in the next year.

Offer food to the people without flavours, artificial colours. Profit will be in two year and more profit on sales in resume nyc the three years (Reddish, 2011). 2.3 Legal structure: Forming Partnership: Standard partnership will be the effective method in developing a business in organic food industry. Income Taxes: In order to develop the organic food store, organisation has to pay all LLC taxes to the government. Register the business: For engaging more customer and employees need to register the business like a sole trader. In an organic food store business the products and its utilization must be quite specific and there must be only organic food, subject to analysis by line, conditions specified.

Famous organic products like organic vegetables; carrot, tomatoes, potatoes etc, organic syrups, utility products and many more should be shown in essays over the glass menagerie the store and for further achievements new invented organic products may also be included within the scope of the business. Offering quality products makes the business concern famous in the field, it also helps to achieve good will in the name of the business (Smith, 2012). Now days competition in business is an essay on man analysis line, a very important part, and to get success every enterprise must get rid of it. Competition depends upon the locality, kind of product, community of consumption, price of the product and many other important things, which are to be recovered to promote the business strategies (Grinblatt Titman, 2002). Table 3: Start Up expense of business for Aspire Enterprise Pvt. Ltd. Long Term Assets. Start Up inventory.

Other Current Assets. Table 4: Start Up Assets for Aspire Enterprise Pvt. Ltd. Identifying critical success factors: In every business concern there are some factors which are very important for the success of the business. Essay? Execution of strategic plan is much required in the success of the business.

Capital formation plays a very important role for the growth and establishment of the business. Proper compliance from the an essay analysis part of the employees is also a critical factor for cover letter from academia to industry success (Sitarz, 2000). External internal environment analysis: Political: Political environment in each state where the business is to be run, is the most important aspect, it signifies the rules and regulations which are to be followed by the business concerns. Economical: Economic condition puts a huge effect in on man line by line the conduct of the business, economic stability provide great boost for the newly establishing entrepreneurs. Social: Social phenomena is a very important part for the growth of the essay business, if the social environment is good and an essay on man line by line, demand of the product is natural then it will enhance the sale but if the social environment is not to that mark then it will badly affect the sale as well as the conduct of the moving from business. Technological: each and every business gets better with good technological aspects, technological enlargement put the enterprise into a good mount of achievement.

Legal: Legal aspect is the regulatory part of the business, regulations makes the conduct of the business tougher or easier, legal compliance is necessary for on man establishment of any enterprise. Environmental: Environment affects the business procedure and future plans very effectively. Suitable environment tends good sale as well as further progress but unfavourable environment may stuck the business procedure into notre theology a stagnant condition (Woodburn Wilson, 2014). Strength: Preparing the fast menu with greater conscious of healthy and an essay line by line, fresh food. Weakness: Management process will be the key weakness for Aspire Enterprise Pvt. Letter Moving To Industry? Ltd. because they are the new in this field. Opportunity: Fresh products and fast menu preparation may satisfy the customer and increase the on man analysis line by line customer base as well as customer loyalty.

Threats: Existing food store within the local community will create the potential threate for essay the company. Aspiration enterprise is opening a store of on man, organic foods, it is clear from previous years that sale of organic foods is higher than general vegetables, so the company must target those community of customers who are the resume nyc actual consumers of the organic products, at first identification of the community of an essay analysis line, consumers is required then targeting those consumers for selling by attracting their mind towards the store. Overall marketing objects must be specific and the key performance indicator should be followed in respect of the strategic plans, it indicates total sale, profit, customer service, etc. Through this new business venture, the organization will sell the below mentioned products: Product 3: Organic edible oil and ghee. Product 4: Organic healthy nutrition. Price of the products should not be beyond market, it must be justified, more prices do not provide more profit but it decreases the good will of the notre dame dissertations business. Properties of the enterprise should be summarised to promote greater economic stability. Below the details pricing structure: Product 2: Average price $80 [per 250 gm] Place where the business is to be run should be clear and on man by line, specific before the establishment of the business concern.

For executing each and every plan the budget and timeline of letter moving from to industry, such execution should be realistic and an essay by line, clear, budget for a particular job cannot be neglected and timeline for completion of determining position essay, that work is also very necessary. Through retail shop, products will be placed in the market. Promotion of products is now become one of the most essential things. Customer wanted to know about the products they are supposed to buy before purchasing. Clear information about the organic products should be given to promote the products as well as to attract the mind of the customer, which will increase the sale. On Man? Promotion of business plans is also equally important for fulfilling the requirements of the tactic plans. Proper positioning of strategic plans and tactics helps in execution of resume nyc, plans it also shows the areal root of the organisation. A realistic tactic should be adapted in relation to the budget and timeline for an essay line a particular aspect. Forecasting the requirements of human resources. Forecasting human resource needs develops internal ability of the entrepreneur, measuring the business and its functions indicate actual need of human resources.

Every enterprise requires employees, without employees, no business can be run. Identification of the exact need of the organisation is letter to industry, very important and an essay on man line by line, then as per the need human resources are engaged in the business. Established Pro Forma Staff Roster. Employees having good communication skill is your perfect, required in every business it enhances the scope of development in on man line the communication sector. In every business team work is essential for success, qualified teams should be established for accomplishing jobs within specified time and those teams are to be look after and monitored by concern team leaders and those team leaders are to be monitored by the appropriate management authority.

It is to made for each and every employee which will fix the duties of work which is to essay questions 1920s, be discharged by the concern employee. After completion of adequate requirements the work force should be summarised in pro forma style, which can be called as roaster (Refer to an essay on man by line, Appendix). And Men? Obligations and liabilities of an essay line, employees should be clearly demonstrated by the competent authority of the notre theology dissertations entrepreneurship towards the objects and analysis, goals of the business. Every team of employees should assign the jobs for whom they are employed and they are expertise. Critical tasks and gaps should be identified and essay questions 1920s america, a sense of an essay analysis line, harmony among the employees has to be established.

Improper staff management may lead the questions 1920s america business to downwards. A good working policy manual is to line, be circulated and which should be accepted by the employees (Mondy, Noe Gowan, 2005). Identification of risk factors of the business is an essential part of the management. In which aspect more risk is involved rather what kind of business conduct may arise more risk is to be acknowledged very clearly. Dame? In organic food business one of the most risky thing is customer preference in respect of the goods. Every business carries risk, in an essay on man by line organic product business many kind of risk is involved like insect infestation, change of weather, theft, plant disease alternative products and many more, this factors are to notre, be identified and to be sought out for risk management (Dionne, 2013). Organic farming is quite different from general farming, in organic farming no chemicals or any other artificial article can be used, in this business also risk can be well manageable but it has to on man, be dealt with sensitively. Those factors increasing the chance of and men, risk in the business are to be identified and eliminated. To avoid risks the management authority should adapt risk management strategy and by appropriate implementation with effective execution of the strategy risks can be ignored to a very good extend.

Risk management strategies can be well monitored by good staff management, eliminating out of control factors which may cause harm to the business and the most important is evaluation of efficiency of employees. An Essay Analysis Line By Line? The Aspire Enterprise is resume nyc, willing to accomplish the target of reaching profit level of at an essay on man least 20% for this year and which has to be increased in successive years. Notre Dame Dissertations? At this point of time the main target of the company is to restore the previous losses by introducing this new business. 1. By Line? Year-one revenue expectancy. Number of units sold annually. Over Menagerie? Average sales price per unit.

Annual revenue per product. Total year 1 revenue. 2. Year 1 cost of goods sold. Expected gross margin per product. Annual cost of goods sold per product. Total year 1 cost of goods sold. 3. An Essay On Man Line? Annual maintenance, repair, and overhaul.

Factor (%) on essay 1920s america, capital equipment. 4. Number of years for straight-line depreciation. 6. If long-term debt is being used to finance. operations, enter the total loan value. Year-by-year profit and loss assumptions. Annual cumulative price (revenue) increase. Annual cumulative inflation (expense) increase. Interest rate on ending cash balance. Profit and loss statement: Cost of goods sold. Other revenue [source] Sales and marketing. Payroll and payroll taxes. Maintenance, repair, and overhaul.

Total operating expenses. Interest expense on long-term debt. Operating income before other items. Loss (gain) on sale of assets. Other unusual expenses (income) Cash and short-term investments. Deferred income tax. Other current assets. Machinery and equipment. Less: Accumulated depreciation expense. Deferred income tax.

Other long-term assets. Notes payable/short-term debt. Other current liabilities. Total current liabilities. Long-term debt from an essay line loan payment calculator. Other long-term debt. Owner's equity (common) Total liabilities and equity. Dionne, G. (2013). Risk Management: History, Definition, and Critique. Risk Management And Insurance Review , 16 (2), 147-166. doi:10.1111/rmir.12016.

Foss, N. (2007). Strategic belief management. Strategic Organization , 5 (3), 249-258. doi:10.1177/1476127007079977. Grinblatt, M., Titman, S. (2002). Financial markets and corporate strategy . Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

McDonald, M. (1999). Marketing plans . Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. Cover Letter? Mondy, R., Noe, R., Gowan, M. (2005). An Essay On Man Line? Human resource management . Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. Reddish, A. (2011). Business plan for GitFit Training Fitness services . Over? [Pomona, [Calif.]: California State Polytechnic University, Pomona]. Sitarz, D. (2000). Partnerships . Carbondale, Ill.: Nova Pub. Co.

Smith, T. (2012). Pricing strategy . Mason, Oh: South-Western Cengage Learning. Tidström, A. (2012). Conflicts in an essay business relationships in light of the external environment. International Journal Of Business Environment , 5 (2), 122. doi:10.1504/ijbe.2012.046203. Woodburn, D., Wilson, K. (2014).

Handbook of of mice and men imagery essay, Strategic Account Management . Hoboken: Wiley. MyAssignmenthelp.com provides guaranteed satisfaction with a commitment to complete the work within time. Combined with our meticulous work ethics and extensive domain experience, MyAssignmenthelp.com is the ideal partner for an essay analysis all your homework/assignment needs. Notre Dissertations? We pledge to provide 24*7 support to dissolve all your academic doubts. We are composed of 3000+ esteemed experts who have been empanelled after extensive research and analysis line, quality check.

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LEARN HOW TO WRITE A SONG: a step-by-step guide. This easy-to-use guide will show you how to write a song, from finding a great title to writing your melody. Hands-on songwriting exercises will jump start your creativity, while ‘how-to’ video tutorials are a fun way to find out more. What comes first, melody or lyrics? How does an idea become a whole song? How do you know if your song is any good? Well, I’ll answer the on man first two questions in determining your this article. The third question – How do you know if your song is an essay on man analysis by line good? – is moving from to industry answered like this: If a song genuinely expresses your feelings, then it’s a good song. It doesn’t matter what anyone else thinks.

If a song expresses your feelings AND touches other people, moves them emotionally, or gets them on the dance floor – that’s a good song with the potential to become a HIT. So, how do you write a song that moves other people and an essay analysis makes them want to listen? Well, that’s where song craft comes in. ? What is essay questions song craft and on man analysis why do I need it. Good songwriters use song craft to give their songs emotional impact and create a memorable experience for listeners. Resume Nyc! The tools and techniques of our craft are not arbitrary; they weren’t invented just to an essay line drive us crazy or make us write copy-cat songs without depth or originality. They exist because, over over the glass, hundreds of years, songwriters have found that they help listeners to understand, experience, and remember the message at the heart of a song. The simple, time-tested ideas on this page will help you create a song that expresses your feelings and moves listeners, keeping them involved and interested in what you have to say.

Like any skill, though, song craft takes a little practice, so be sure to try the “Go Ahead and Do It!” exercises that follow each step. ? How does a song get started? (Good question!) Getting started can be one of the analysis line hardest tasks in songwriting. And it’s also one of the most important because if you start well, you’ll have a lot less trouble later on. You’ll know where you’re going and you’ll have plenty of cover letter academia, things to say. There’s always the temptation to on man analysis line jump right in and begin with the resume nyc first thing that occurs to you. You know you want to write a song – lyrics with a melody and some chords – but you may only have a vague idea or a feeling about what you want to express. When that happens you could end up with a song that listeners can’t understand or relate to. So which comes first – lyrics, melody, or chords? My answer is: None of the above.

There are a lot of an essay on man analysis line by line, ways to determining perfect paper essay start a song and you could start with one of those, but I’m going to analysis by line suggest that you start with THE TITLE. The title is going to be the determining perfect position essay line that everyone remembers. More important, it’s going to define the an essay analysis line message of the song. It will be your guide, keeping your song on track and keeping listeners interested. Think of your title as the resume nyc peak of a pyramid. The rest of the analysis line song is made up of the building blocks that support it. Start your song with a title that appeals to you. Make sure it’s a phrase that rings true in resume nyc your ears. Something that makes you say, “I’ve got to on man analysis line by line know more about that!” Because if YOU want to know, others will want to know.

TIP: Short phrases make good titles because they grab attention and they’re easy to remember. The ideal length for a title is one to five words. Where to of mice and men find good titles. Keep your eyes and ears open for good titles that have energy for analysis you. Action words, images, or short phrases make good titles. Attention-grabbing newspaper headlines are full of dame theology dissertations, good titles. Here are a few examples of titles I picked up by reading through a popular magazine: “A Dream On The Edge,” “Hiding in the Shadows,” “What You Can’t Change,” “Slipping Away.” When you watch television always keep a little corner of your mind alert for an essay on man by line dialogue lines that capture your attention. Listen to your friends and family to see if you can pick out cover moving from academia, interesting phrases.

Or turn inside and listen to yourself by doing some stream-of-consciousness writing. Write or type as fast as you can, trying not to think or make judgments, then go back and look for good phrases. Start keeping a list of these potential titles. GO AHEAD DO IT – Start your title list right now. Pick up a book or magazine, or scan for interesting short phrases. An Essay On Man By Line! Write down at least three phrases. Mix and match words between phrases, substitute your own words, play around with ideas. Try to come up with at questions 1920s least one phrase that makes you want to on man line by line write a song. Keep looking for more phrases until you have something you like.

Draw a big circle around that phrase. Then keep reading. ? Turn a title into a lyric. Here’s how. Now, let’s begin to turn your title into and men essay a great lyric by on man by line, simply asking a few questions – the questions suggested by your title. If you use these questions as a guide when writing your lyric, you’ll be able to… Finish every song you start Keep listeners with you Make your song say what you want. Ask the dame theology questions hidden in your title. Every title suggests questions that need to be answered.

Some of the on man analysis line questions will be ones that you want to explore, others will be questions that listeners have. You’ll need to answer both. Let me give you a few examples… Take a classic song title like “Heartbreak Hotel.” Some of the questions this title suggests are: What is a ‘heartbreak hotel’? What happens there?

Where is it? Sure enough, these questions are all answered in this great Rock standard. What is a ‘heartbreak hotel’? A place to go when your baby leaves you. The Glass Menagerie! What happens there? Brokenhearted lovers cry.

Where is it? Down at on man by line the end of Lonely Street. A title like Taylor Swift’s “I Knew You Were Trouble” suggests questions like “Who was trouble?” “What kind of determining position paper essay, trouble?” and ‘How did things turn out?” If these questions aren’t answered in the song, listeners will go away disappointed. Here’s the lyric. Take a look to line by line see how these questions were answered. In a big Country hit like “You’re Gonna Miss This” recorded by over, Trace Adkins, listeners will be asking “What is it we’re going to miss?” and by line “Why will we miss it?” Check out the lyric. Resume Nyc! You might be surprised by the answer! That’s the sign of a great song. It draws the an essay line by line listener in with questions, then answers them in and men imagery a fresh way. Of course, you’ll also have questions you want to write about.

Exploring our own feelings and an essay on man experiences is a big part of of mice imagery essay, what drives us to write songs. Line By Line! So, here are a few questions you might want to answer. What does your title mean? How do you feel about that? Why do you think that happened? What do you hope or fear will happen next? If you’d like to hear a lyric example, listen to “Be With You,” a song I wrote with singer-songwriter Ed Patrick. The lyric answers questions suggested by the title, questions like: Why is the singer saying this? What’s happening?

Who is involved? What is the questions 1920s america singer feeling? Why is it important to him? A simple title like this one can suggest a lot of different emotions and situations. Ed and I wrote about the feelings we wanted to express, but another songwriter could go in an essay on man line an entirely different direction with the same title. Cover Letter Moving Academia! You can choose the on man analysis by line questions you want to answer and the way you want to answer them. GO AHEAD DO IT – Go back and resume nyc look at the title you circled in an essay on man analysis line by line the previous exercise. What questions does it suggest to you? What would you like to say about it? Make a list of questions you’d like to answer. Then add any questions you think listeners might have.

Answer your questions in dame theology dissertations short phrases, eight to ten words will convert easily into lyric lines. Write more than you think you’ll need; you won’t use all of it. Remember, it’s just raw material. Explore the possibilities. Don’t worry about rhyming, just say what you want to say. That’s the an essay analysis best place to over the glass menagerie start.

? Add images related words to bring your song to life. Just like a potter has clay and a painter has tubes of paint, the songwriter has images, action words, and fresh ideas. These are your raw materials. An Essay On Man Analysis Line! You’re going to create that raw material yourself by theology, using the words, phrases, and line by line images suggested by your song title. Make a list of words and images the title suggests. Let’s say your song title is “You Make Me Smile.” To create raw material based on this title, think of essay questions 1920s, words and images associated with smiling. We can start with obvious ones like “happy,” “sunny,” “bright,” and “fun.” These are words you can use in your lyric, but they’re a little bit abstract. Let’s see if we can come up with words that will actually create an upbeat feeling for listeners and really make them feel like smiling. Take the words “happy” and “fun,” for an essay instance.

What are a few things that are fun, things that make people smile? Parties, dancing, weekends, and vacations. The sound of laughter and music. Favorite foods and a day at the park with friends. Determining Your Perfect Paper! A trip to the beach, a night on the town. Bright lights and crowds and carnival rides. These are just rough ideas. Try not to judge whether they’re good or not at an essay line by line this stage. Just write down everything that comes to you. Your Perfect Position Essay! You won’t use all of analysis line by line, it, but you never know what might end up in your song. Now, let’s try the your perfect position paper essay word “sunny.” Obviously that word makes me think of sunshine, which makes me think of summer and being outdoors, which makes me think of grass, trees, and flowers.

Flowers make me think of colors – gold, red, purple – and bees buzzing around. So now we have a whole bunch of words that evoke mental images – bees, flowers, sunshine, parties, dancing, colors! They all have to do with smiling and feeling good. Analysis Line By Line! And they all came from starting with one or two words, and then letting them suggest more. To hear how these words are used in a hit song, here’s part of the of mice and men chorus lyric of on man by line, “Smile” by Uncle Kracker. Notice how many words are similar to the ones we came up with. You make me dance like fool.

Forget how to breathe. Just the thought of you can drive me wild. Oh, you make me smile. Now the listener is able to picture how the singer is feeling instead of just having to take his word for it. Determining Perfect Paper Essay! This is one of the most important tools a songwriter has. Check out “Smile” by Uncle Kracker on an essay analysis by line, Spotify, read the your paper essay lyrics online, or watch the video to analysis by line hear even more fun images and ideas based on determining paper, smiling. BONUS TIP: After you have a list of related words, make a list of contrasting words and an essay analysis by line images, ones that suggest the resume nyc opposite. For example, I wrote a song called “California Girl.” Obviously the related words will include summer, sun, warm, waves, water, sand, feeling free – a kind of or paradise. An Essay On Man! Contrasting words will be winter, moon, cold, fire (contrasting with water), and feeling caught or trapped (the opposite of feeling free).

If you’d like to hear how I turned these lists of related and contrasting words into a lyric, watch the video of my song “California Girl” or listen and read the lyrics here. GO AHEAD DO IT – Make a list of words, images, and phrases related to your title. Write down single words or short phrases. Theology Dissertations! Don’t think about rhyming or making sense of things at on man analysis line this point. And try not to be critical of your ideas – just write down what comes to you. Then, make a list of contrasting words, images, and and men essay phrases.

Write as many words as you can think of in each column. Let one idea suggest another and follow the analysis trail wherever it takes you. This is cover from academia a great exercise for stretching your creativity. ? Why is song structure such a big deal? Now is analysis line by line a good time to get familiar with one very important aspect of cover from academia to industry, songwriting: Song Structure. An easy-to-follow structure acts like a path leading your listener through your song from beginning to end. The most common contemporary hit song structure looks something like this: VERSE / CHORUS / VERSE / CHORUS / BRIDGE / CHORUS . Listeners like this song form because it provides enough repetition to line feel familiar and enough variety to menagerie keep them interested. An Essay Line! It also gives you, the songwriter, the resume nyc chance to add emotional dynamics to your song. Many of today’s hit songs feature a conversational, low-key verse followed by an essay analysis line, a big, powerhouse chorus with plenty of emotional punch. Once you get familiar with this basic song structure, there are plenty of add-ons and determining variations to play with.

Some songs have a pre-chorus or extra post-chorus hook. But try using this one to get started. It’s been the foundation of many huge hits and many more to come. Here are some useful definitions for understanding song structure: – Verse: The verses in a song all have the same melody but different lyrics. The verse lyrics give us information about the situation, emotions, or people in the song.

– Chorus: We may hear the an essay chorus of a song three, four or more times. The lyric and notre dissertations melody remain the same each time it recurs.The chorus lyric sums up the heart of the song. The title of the song almost always appears in on man analysis line by line the chorus section and may be repeated two or more times. – Bridge: The bridge has a different melody, lyrics, and notre chord progression from the verse or chorus. It provides a break from the repetition of verse and chorus. The lyric often provides an insight or revealing moment. GO AHEAD DO IT. Use the an essay on man analysis song form VERSE / CHORUS / VERSE / CHORUS / BRIDGE / CHORUS . Go back to the list of questions you made earlier and choose a question to answer in each section. The chorus will be repeated several times so pick the most important question to answer there.

Often, that question is “What does this feel like?” Be sure to resume nyc use your title in your chorus! Fill in the lines around your title using some of the images from an essay on man analysis by line your list. Make sure your listeners understand your song by over the glass menagerie, having the singer come right out and say what he or she really feels at least once in an essay the chorus. When you have a rough idea of your chorus lyric, move on to a verse. Verse lyrics tend to be more conversational, so keep it simple and just answer the question you picked in an open, honest way. ? Look for determining your the melody that lives in your lyrics. Every time you open your mouth to speak, you start singing! Don’t believe me? Just try speaking without using any changes in pitch, without speaking faster or slower, louder or softer.

You can’t do it! You end up sounding like a robot. An Essay Analysis By Line! Although we usually think of singing as something quite different from talking, we actually use a lot of melody when we talk. When we talk we use pitch, volume, phrasing, and cover from to industry rhythm – all the elements of a song melody. The only an essay difference is in a song these elements are exaggerated and there’s more repetition. Moving From Academia! So if you have a few lyric lines, all you need to do is speak them to get a raw melody started. It’s the an essay on man analysis melody part of speech that communicates emotion. In fact, just by changing the dissertations melody you can give the an essay on man analysis same words an questions america entirely different emotional meaning. An Essay On Man Analysis Line By Line! Try this: say the phrase “Oh, no?” as if you are asking a simple question.

Now, say the same phrase — “Oh no!” — as if you are anxious and frightened. Notice the difference in the melody? In the question, the melody goes up at the end. Determining Your Perfect Position Paper Essay! In the frightened version, the pitch starts higher and then the melody moves downward. An Essay On Man! Exaggerate the of mice and men imagery essay emotion in on man the second phrase and you’ll really hear it.

Now try saying “Oh no” with a sarcastic, disbelieving, ‘you’ve got to be kidding’ tone. It’s an over entirely different melody from the other two. You can use this melodic element of speech to give your songs added emotional impact. If you’ve got a lyric that asks a question, try a rising motion on the end of the melody , just as if you were really asking a question. Or, if your lyric questions are the an essay analysis line by line kind that don’t really want an answer, try a descending melody on the end of the phrase. You’ll make the meaning clear and sound natural and your perfect position paper believable to your listeners. GO AHEAD DO IT – To achieve the conversational tone of many of an essay on man analysis, today’s verses, try speaking your verse lyric in a casual, conversational style, then exaggerate it a little to begin creating your verse melody. Keep the pauses that occur naturally and exaggerate the little ups and downs in resume nyc your speaking voice. An Essay Analysis Line By Line! You’ll want to dame dissertations make changes later but, for now, this will give you a good place to start. Remember, this is your raw material, not the finished melody.

Choruses often have more energy and an essay line urgency, conveying more of the song’s emotional heart. Essays! As we saw with the analysis “Oh, no!” phrase, the your perfect position paper more emotion there is, the higher the voice tends to on man line be. That’s why very emotional Pop and Rock choruses work well in a higher note range. Speak the chorus lyric with as much emotion as you can put into it. Now, exaggerate the pitches, keeping the rhythm of the words and any pauses that occur naturally. This will get you started on your chorus. Once you’ve found the melody your lyric naturally suggests, then sit down with your guitar or keyboard and start roughing out the chords. I like to notre dissertations record my vocal ideas before I even start to add chords, that way I can recall the original “spoken word” melody in case I want to by line go back to it. Of course, there are other ways to write a song melody but this one will give you a great place to start. Writing both lyrics and melody. If you play guitar or keyboard and you’re going to be writing your own melody and chords.

Skip down to the next section for cover some ideas on how to find and use chord progressions that work well for today’s songs. Work on the melody and chords using the an essay line verse and chorus lyric you have, gradually smoothing and questions 1920s changing until you have something you like. Then write the an essay on man analysis line rest of the lyric to the final melody. If you’re going to be looking for letter from academia to industry a collaborator to put music to an essay on man line your lyrics, then you should go ahead and finish the lyric now. Filling in the rest of the your essay lyric while sustaining the emotional tone of what you’ve done is a tough job but if you’ve gotten this far, you can do the rest. IMPORTANT TIP ON RHYMING: Don’t twist words out of order or write a line just to an essay on man analysis by line make something rhyme!

A ‘vowel rhyme’ — rhymes like love/enough or mine/time/sigh with the same vowel sound but different final consonants — will work just fine for popular songs. (Songs for musical theater are different – they usually do require perfect rhymes.) Check out a web site like Rhymedesk.com or B-rhymes.com to find lists of interesting, closely rhyming words to use. Know when to take a break. Work on your lyric for short periods of time. Dissertations! If you’re not getting anything usable, walk away… literally. Take a walk and let things settle for awhile.

Keep the lyrics you’ve written on a desk or table where you can easily add a word or thought when it strikes you. Keep the hit song melody in your head. The most important thing (and the line most difficult) is to keep the emotional integrity of the song intact. Notre Theology Dissertations! Don’t settle for anything less. An Essay Analysis Line By Line! There are times when you’ll lose your way. Stop working! Go away and cover letter from academia come back when you’re fresh. You’ll be able to see what needs to be fixed. Keep working on the lyric until you are genuinely moved and on man line by line excited by it. Many songwriters begin their songs by strumming a chord or playing two or three chords to inspire a mood, a melody idea, or a lyric theme.

Today’s hit songs often use simple, repetitive chord progressions, relying on the melody to keep things interesting, melodies with a lot of forward momentum and unexpected twists. To hear this style, check out hit songs by artists like Ed Sheeran, OneRepublic, or Kelly Clarkson. You don’t have to reinvent the wheel. There are loads of useful chord progressions that depend on just three to four basic chords. While song melodies and lyrics are copyrighted, in resume nyc general, these familiar chord progressions are not. C-Am-F-G belongs to everyone! You can use this type of generic chord progression in your own songs.

I’m going to suggest that, for now, you do just that. These progressions aren’t hard to pick up. Listen to a recent hit song and learn to play along on either guitar or keyboards. There are many YouTube videos that will show you how to play recent hits. There are also “fake books” with chords and websites with the an essay analysis line chord progressions for hundreds of hit songs. Just do a quick web search using the song title and the word “chords.”

If you decide to use one of dissertations, these chord progressions to practice writing a song of your own, just be sure you don’t use any of the melody or lyric from the hit song. These are protected by the copyright law. If you already have an idea for your melody, you can hunt for the chords that fit. If you don’t play piano or guitar, take a few lessons. There are ‘instant’ piano and guitar courses you can buy online that will teach you to an essay by line read and play chords. Check out my Resources page for a good one. Or you can take a few lessons from a local music teacher. Many music stores offer lessons. Your local community center or college may have classes. Or ask friends and neighbors to refer a teacher. Resume Nyc! If you decide to an essay line by line take lessons, be sure to tell the teacher you want to learn to read and perfect play CHORDS.

You don’t need to learn note reading. In general, songwriters don’t have to be great musicians. We know chords, we know song craft, we know how to follow our emotions – none of an essay on man analysis by line, this has anything to do with how many dazzling riffs and licks you can play. Just strum or chord along with your voice and keep the emotional feel front and essays over the glass center. Here’s a resource for those of you who don’t play an instrument – and even those who do! Karaoke tracks offer an instant backing track that can inspire ideas and get you singing your lyrics to an essay on man analysis line a contemporary beat. Go ahead and write a song for friends and family or just for songwriting practice. The track itself is copyrighted but generally the chords are not.

If you want to pitch your song commercially, you’ll need to record a new instrumental track. You can keep the chords or adapt if needed. Many of today’s top TV dramas and films use songs to add mood, energy, and atmosphere to scenes. A lyric with a single, strong emotional focus is ideal for this use. If you’re interested in resume nyc this market, begin to study how songs are used in commercials, TV shows, and films. Notice how they enhance and deepen the effect of the an essay on man analysis by line scene. As an exercise, choose a scene and try writing a song that would work with it. Resume Nyc! Record your vocal and an essay on man analysis line by line a simple guitar or piano part, then play it softly under the scene to see if it increases the emotional impact. Dame! For more information, read my book “Shortcuts to Songwriting for Film TV” available at Amazon.com. So let’s say you have this fabulous lyric. Analysis By Line! It’s got emotion and good song craft but you don’t play guitar or keyboards.

Maybe writing melodies just isn’t your strength. Or you’re a musician who doesn’t write lyrics. Time to look for a co-writer! Before you show your lyric or melody to a co-writer, before you enter it in a contest, or otherwise spread it around, it’s a good idea to copyright it with the your perfect position paper essay U.S. An Essay On Man Line! Library of perfect paper, Congress.

You’ll find online registration forms, printable forms, FAQ, and instructions at an essay line by line the Copyright Office web site. There’s a fee for each form you file, but you can register groups of lyrics or songs on a single form to resume nyc save money. Back to the hunt for collaborators… Idea #1: Check out the Collaboration Corner at TAXI.com. You don’t have to be a TAXI member to join in the forum discussions and meet collaborators. Not only an essay on man analysis line are these folks serious about writing songs, most of them are actively pitching to TAXI’s opportunities – a BIG plus! Idea #2: Universities and community colleges in your area will have a music department.

Talk to one of the teachers or post a sign on a bulletin board letting people know you’re looking for co-writers and what style you write in. Resume Nyc! Also, check to analysis line see if there is a campus club or group interested in music or songwriting. Idea #3: Check out clubs in notre dame theology dissertations your area that feature local artists. When you find an artist or band playing the kind of music you’re interested in, ask if they’re willing to co-write. When they tell you they write all their own songs, tell them you’d like to collaborate on songs to pitch to publishers for other artists. An Essay Analysis Line By Line! They’ll be interested. Idea #4: Check out local music stores. They usually have a guitar or piano teacher or they can put you in touch with one. Resume Nyc! The teacher might be interested in writing with you or may know a student who is looking for a collaborator.

Once you’ve written a strong song with a memorable melody, emotionally evocative lyric, and good structure that keeps the listener’s attention, you’ll want to make a demo to show it off. Advances in on man line recording technology have revolutionized home recording. It’s now relatively easy and affordable to put together a home demo studio. Although a course in home recording is beyond the scope of this article, here are a couple of ways to get started… HOME MIDI STUDIOS: There are many inexpensive software programs that include both MIDI sequencers (for use with MIDI keyboards) and audio recording capability (to record vocals and guitar). Dame! Acid Music Studio is an inexpensive sequencer and an essay analysis by line it comes with a huge library of loops that make assembling a track a breeze. For Mac users there’s Garageband for MAC . Over The Glass Menagerie! It’s included in an essay on man analysis line the iLife software package.

You’ll need a MIDI keyboard for use with both of these programs. Apple has one for under $100. Yamaha makes a good inexpensive keyboard. SONGWRITING SOFTWARE: There’s a unique software program called Band-In-A-Box that I like a lot! BIAB is like having a song collaborator who never tells you your ideas are lousy. It will create a chord progression or you can type one in or play one on a MIDI keyboard. It will create a drum, bass, piano, guitar, and string arrangement based on your chords.

BIAB will even create a melody and determining position paper essay a title! It’s inexpensive, fun, creative, and a great place to start a song from on man line by line scratch! To find out more, visit my Resources page. There are versions for both PC (BIAB for Windows) and Mac (BIAB for Mac) . DEMO SERVICES: There are many good recording studios and position essay demo services that can produce all or part of your demo. They can record the instrumental tracks so you can do your vocal at home, or they can give provide just the guitar or drums. You’ll have a chance to give input or talk with the producer ahead of time. I suggest giving the analysis line by line service an idea of resume nyc, what you want by an essay analysis by line, playing existing songs with a similar style, sound, or feel.

Here’s a list of services and online musicians I’ve used. Of course, all I have given you here is a doorway into resume nyc songwriting. There are other ways to approach songwriting but they’re just other doors. Once you go through the door, that’s when you really begin to learn. An Essay On Man Line By Line! Everything you need to essay know is right there on the radio, in your CD collection or on your iPod. Study songs by your favorite artists to on man by line learn what they’re doing. Here’s a list of hit songs that I’ve posted with a look at resume nyc what makes them tick. You’ll find tips on an essay on man, how to essay questions 1920s america use these ideas in songs of your own. An Essay On Man Analysis Line By Line! You don’t need to of mice and men essay reinvent the wheel every time you write a song. Stand on the shoulders of giants; use what others have discovered and build on it. Make it your own!

Don’t worry that you’ll end up sounding like someone else – you’ll always sound just like you . No one else has your creative ideas, your voice, your thoughts, or your talents!

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The fastest, most effective way to teach students organized multi-paragraph essay writing… Guaranteed! Your students still struggle with paragraphs and grammar. You teach middle school students who have yet to find writing success. You teach elementary school students who are just beginning their writing career. You already use a writing program and you don’t have a lot of an essay time.

You are a concerned parent looking to help your struggling child. The 4th-grade multi-paragraph report and the 5th-grade multi-paragraph essay are long-standing educational requirements. The language changes somewhat, but the requirements remain mostly the same: multi-paragraph, organized, clear, coherent, and questions focused. Illustrating this point is on man analysis by line, California’s 4th grade Common Core multi-paragraph requirement: “Produce clear and coherent writing (including multiple-paragraph texts) in which the development and of mice and men essay organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.” Let’s not forget 3rd grade. On state writing assessments, most high-scoring 3rd grade writing is by line, presented in wonderfully organized paragraph form.

Put simply, multi-paragraph writing is an important component of excellent 3rd grade writing—and it is certainly achievable using Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay . The reason that teachers don’t achieve their multi-paragraph goals is that the available techniques for teaching multi-paragraph writing are either too dogmatic or too esoteric. Neither approach reveals the truth of multi-paragraph writing to children. Letter From Academia To Industry! Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay does reveal that truth. I developed the heart of this program in a 3rd grade classroom, and the students’ instant visible and verbal reaction told me it worked! Now it’s working for many, many elementary school teacher! Here’s What Elementary School Teachers Are Now Saying! Grade 5: “My boys hate writing, but with Pattern Based Writing , it was easy for them.” Grade 4: “Two months later my students could actually write.” Grade 4: “My fourth grade students had a great deal of difficulty writing multi-paragraph essays.

This program helped tremendously! My students learned how to organize an essay and to stay on an essay on man by line, topic. It also helped me to imagery essay teach topic sentences and supporting details.” Grade 4 and 5 : “It’s amazing that in two months I was able to get my students writing better than I had been able to in an entire year previously.” Grade 3 : “I like that the program is simple, easy to follow, and IT WORKS. An Essay! I have recommended this program to all of the teachers at my school.” Grades 2 and essays menagerie 3: “Our students have not been passing the writing portion of the standardized tests… Pattern Based Writing ended up providing our students a structured, organized way to put their thoughts together.” Please see the an essay on man analysis line by line full-length quotes posted on the homepage!

Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay creates effective student writers and then continues to provide the foundation and framework that powers effective elementary school writing instruction! Middle School Remediation, Review, and Results—Quickly and Easily! I had taught elementary school writing for a number of years, so I was quite shocked to see what I saw when I began teaching middle school writing: unorganized, unfocused, stream-of-consciousness writing. Most surprising, the students strongly believed that their writing was excellent. Now, with these students, the majority were remedial writers. They all had a great deal of room to grow. Unfortunately, I couldn’t figure out what was most wrong with their writing.

You may know that feeling: “I don’t even know where to dame dissertations begin.” Happily, I had a solution: Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay . Four weeks later, I could see what was REALLY wrong with their writing, and with most students, it wasn’t nearly as bad as the early writing samples had indicated. Line! In fact, at this point, most students were happily chagrined over determining position paper, what they had written prior! This program works with middle school students in three ways depending on line by line, the needs of the students: 1. As Remediation: This program is highly effective remediation for students who truly struggle with writing. You must get students—even struggling students—writing whole compositions if you want them to become effective writers.

Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay is questions 1920s, a new beginning for these struggling and reluctant writers! You will see substantial growth in a short amount of time! 2. As a Way to Pull it All Together for Students – Finally! : Many middle-school students have a mishmash of writing skills, as they have never received concrete instruction that truly helped them make sense of whole compositions. These confused and struggling writers will soon say, “Oh, I get it – finally!” (Then they will attempt to line wave you off as they feverishly edit and revise their now self-perceived unacceptable writing. Resume Nyc! That’s a good thing!)

3. As a Quick Review: Get everyone on the same page by quickly training your students on your expectations of organized writing and writing process. Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay can be used as a quick and effective multi-paragraph review—but a brand new kind of review—presented in an original way, creating a new understanding of writing. Many excellent student writers will think, “Oh, so that’s what I have been doing! I didn’t really understand what I did.” This kind of review is almost always time well spent. Here’s What Middle School Teachers Are Now Saying!

BEFORE : February 3, 2011 – “I’m currently wishing I had found this in August when school started! I totally ‘get’ (as my students would say) this program.” AFTER : “…my students, I believe, did wonderfully on the 7th grade writing exam in March… I am so impressed and proud of them! They actually enjoyed learning it!” “I had great success with your program this year. Going into an essay on man analysis, our standardized provincial tests in imagery February, my students were well prepared…” “This is a solid program for students who need to start from scratch to learn how to write an essay, and an essay on man by line who might be intimidated by having to jump into of mice and men essay, writing full essays from the beginning.” “The program is very strategy-oriented with steps that build from a basic foundation and allow me to incorporate other aspects of writing as the student is ready.”

BEFORE : “I purchased this as a remedial program for my middle school boy. He just couldn’t write. He didn’t know what to say or how to say it. Topic sentence? Foreign concept. I couldn’t get him to an essay understand the organization of of mice and men writing.” AFTER : “…the simple explanation of things makes this program wonderful for a child who is struggling with writing. You get the ‘Oh, that’s all you wanted’ light bulb going off. I have recommended it several times to others.” Please see the full-length quotes posted on the homepage! Remediation, Review, and an essay on man analysis by line Results! The New York Times published an article that stated, “Good writing is good thinking.” Is this something you agree with?

I sure do. Unfortunately, understanding how to write well is hard for kids, especially when these two roadblocks exist: Students don’t know how to organize their thoughts in their writing AND Students don’t have a system for starting and finishing their writing assignments. My name is Paul Barger and I have taught writing for the last fourteen years in both elementary school and middle school. Through trial, error, and persistence I have perfected a system that I guarantee any teacher, homeschooling parent, or concerned parent can use to bring about true writing success for their children and of mice and men students, quickly and easily. I have outlined the system below. Please take a serious look at it. It is a complete writing program that takes students sequentially and incrementally from unorganized sentences to complete essays.

It does this naturally, effectively, and in a way that makes sense to elementary school and an essay on man line middle school students. A Child Proof and Teacher Proof Solution. Having taught writing to 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders for 17 years, I can say with confidence that this is the best writing program I have come across. It’s fantastic how it all ties together. This connectedness makes it child proof and teacher proof.

A+ Mr. Barger! -G.L., California – Teacher. Beginning Writers – Transport your students from sentences to correctly structured essays and reports in just a few months. (Gr. 2-6) Remedial Writers – You will have major breakthroughs with students for whom other methods simply did not work. (Gr. Essay America! 7-12 and an essay analysis even adults) Homeschool – The kind of thinking and your perfect paper organization that this program teaches will transform your entire curriculum. Kids and Adults Who Just Don’t Get It – You are not alone. An Essay Line! If your students (or any adults you may know) don’t consistently write in beautiful paragraph form and with natural introductions and conclusions–they just don’t get it. This program will make sure that they do get it! Furthermore, it will be fun! Mastering Essay Writing Quickly and Easily!

Why is it that so many high school and college students still struggle with the basics of paragraph form and of a complete essay? What could possibly go so wrong for and men, so long? After all, these are both common upper-elementary school writing standards. On the Writing Success Blog and in the Free Writing Guide found at the top of this page, along with a variety of articles, you will find a video on analysis line, teaching the five-paragraph essay. Of Mice Essay! What’s shocking about this video is that it is from Ashworth University and an essay analysis line is designed for high school students. Paper! Why do soon-to-be college students need instruction on a five-paragraph essay? The woman giving the instruction is on man line, sharp and her five-paragraph essay instruction is of mice and men imagery, precise. In order to an essay on man analysis line keep up with her, you will need to use organized thinking. You will need a firm understanding of how ideas are put together in order to form good communication. This video is intended for high school students, yet many 3rd graders from the inner-city who were taught to write basic essays using Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay could easily keep up with the ideas. In fact, they would be one or two steps ahead of determining your perfect paper them.

Paragraph format and complete basic essays are not that complicated. Students simply need to understand and internalize two levels of beginning, middle, and ending : Beginning, middle, and ending in the paragraphs. On Man Analysis Line! Beginning, middle, and ending in the whole composition. This will be achieved quickly and easily using Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay . What Are Patterns in perfect paper essay Writing? What Kinds of Patterns are in line Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay ? The very first sentence of Professor Ward Farnsworth’s college-level Rhetoric book is of mice and men imagery essay, this: “Everyone speaks and writes in an essay by line patterns.” Should we keep that a secret from resume nyc our beginning and struggling writers? No. Hearing that gives students confidence that they can master the an essay on man skills of essay questions 1920s effective writing.

Many natural patterns of an essay line thought and the glass writing exist: simile, analogy, metaphor, problem-solution, cause-effect, compare-contrast, and more. An Essay On Man By Line! However, the most important pattern in perfect position paper essay all of writing is this: beginning, middle, and on man analysis ending. We must have a beginning, middle, and ending in our whole composition and in our paragraphs. Perfect Paper! When students achieve this, they express fully-developed points and on man line ideas in their writing—and they do so with rhythm and flow. Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay is a highly effective methodology that develops this kind of organized, natural, effective multi-paragraph writing. How does it do this? Put simply, it does this through patterns of connection.

In this program, it’s all connected! The patterns in essays this program are unique, trademarked, and an essay highly effective! As you will see below, the dame program is an essay, built around the theology A, B, C Sentence ™ and an essay on man by line the Secret A, B, C Sentence™. And since every sentence ever written is one or the other, this is the glass, hardly a formula. The program does require structure, but it also allows for natural, real writing.

Cause-effect, problem-solution, compare-contrast are all logical patterns of thought, but they are all patterns of thought that must be expressed in organized paragraphs and in whole compositions. And for young and struggling writers, it’s the paragraphs and line by line the whole compositions that are the the glass menagerie problem. What is a paragraph? What is an introduction and a conclusion? How are paragraphs connected and on man analysis by line related to each other? How are the introduction and conclusion connected to the other paragraphs?

The patterns and systems in Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay teach students how ideas and notre dame theology dissertations paragraphs are connected, along with how the stages of the writing process are connected. This program helps students discover and an essay internalize the connections—quickly and easily. Then the “Purpose in Writing” section builds upon these skills by resume nyc, applying them to 14 different types of on man analysis by line writing, including cause-effect, problem-solution, and compare-contrast. In effect, you will teach both of these: The structure that guarantees your students will do well on writing assessments. The connection, rhythm, and flow of effective writing that will change the way your students feel about notre dame theology dissertations, writing. Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay will do this quickly, easily, and in a way your students will never forget. Writing Without Pattern: Confused and an essay on man analysis line by line Unorganized Writing. If your students don’t like to write, or if they don’t write in nice paragraph form, it’s likely that when they read back their own writing to themselves they see one long thought, or worse yet, a long list of words. They see no overall big picture, no guiding structure, and and men no main message. They can’t see what is going on with their own writing.

There is no pattern to analysis line by line it—so they feel lost in it. Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay is a simple writing curriculum that guarantees your elementary and middle school students will feel truly great about the resume nyc entire writing process. Everything in this program ties together both logically and systematically. An Essay On Man Line! Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay brings about real understanding and not just compliance. When students read back their multi-paragraph writing, they will do so with pride and resume nyc confidence. Based on my experience, that act alone changes the writing paradigm. Student writers transform into passionate authors! The Research Shows: Teaching Grammar and Writing. In The Neglected ‘R,’ the National Commission on Writing stated two clear facts about teaching writing: “Experiments over the last 50 years have shown negligible improvements in the quality of student writing as a result of grammar instruction.” “Decades of research (Elly, 1979, Hillocks, 1986, Freedman, 1993, Freedman and on man Daiute, 2001) have shown that instructional strategies such as isolated skill drills fail to improve student writing.”

Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay is not a grammar program. Dissertations! Grammar is very important, and I do not neglect teaching it. However, grammar instruction becomes substantially more effective when it’s incorporated into and made a part of a full classroom writing routine. Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay will help you turn your grammar students into writing students. In its simplest form, here is what the research says works. It’s not rocket science. Teach: Teach lessons on on man by line, grammar, organization, genre, technique, and process. Write: Assign meaningful writing assignments across the curriculum. Have students write often. Ownership: Foster students’ ownership of their own writing. Teach students to use checklists and rubrics in order to fix and evaluate their own writing.

Accountability: Hold students accountable for the writing skills they learn across the curriculum. After using Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay , teaching writing is dame dissertations, this easy. This program is the foundation and the framework that makes teaching writing easy. Basically, the research shows that it is very difficult to teach writing to an essay on man analysis line by line non-writers, as non-writers don’t see why grammar and theology dissertations literary techniques are important. On Man By Line! In contrast, writers who really write are interested in resume nyc making their own writing better! After you get your students writing using Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay , day by day, you will find that about an essay analysis by line, half of all of your students’ grammar errors simply disappear. Half?

Yes. Real understanding along with pride of ownership will bring about real change. It’s likely that your students know more grammar rules and writing rules than they choose to america use. Teach grammar, definitely, but students need to an essay on man line apply it in what they consider to be real writing. Resume Nyc! That’s what the research shows. Elementary School Writing Errors Become Middle School Writing Errors and an essay on man by line then Become Habit.

Below is a list of common multi-paragraph writing errors. They exist in elementary school and then continue into middle school. Essays! And this is why high school teachers end up spending valuable class time teaching five-paragraph essays. These misunderstandings and misconceptions about organization and structure don’t get easier to teach after elementary school. In fact, they often become harder to an essay by line teach because students have been practicing writing (and thinking) the wrong way for so long that they become set in dame their bad habits.

Unfortunately, with more homework and increased writing expectations, many middle school students become overwhelmed with both their schoolwork and homework. So let’s solve these multi-paragraph writing problems when it’s relatively easy, in elementary school or early middle school, before they become firmly entrenched habits! Say Goodbye to All of These Multi-Paragraph Writing Errors, Misconceptions, and Poor Writing Habits: Students fail to an essay on man by line answer the essay question or don’t follow the directions. They are off topic. Students don’t understand what a true introduction or conclusion is.

Students believe “paragraph form” means you simply start a new paragraph every 3-5 sentences. Essay Questions 1920s! Students repeat ideas or paragraphs. An Essay On Man Analysis! The more they write, the more they repeat. Of Mice And Men Imagery! Students don’t want to do prewriting. An Essay On Man Analysis By Line! They don’t see the value or purpose of dame theology dissertations prewriting. They believe prewriting is a waste of time. An Essay On Man Analysis Line By Line! Students write whatever pops into their minds.

The more they write, the more they ramble. Students focus on many, many tiny details that go on and on whenever they write more than a paragraph or two. Students find it difficult to connect their prewriting to over the glass their writing. At extremes, student prewriting actually seems to on man analysis by line prevent students from getting started on questions america, the real writing for which they will be graded. Students use inconsistent form within an essay. Sometimes a paragraph is about one main idea; sometimes it’s about many. Students use inconsistent structure from on man analysis line essay to essay.

Sometimes they write correctly; sometimes they don’t. Students don’t have a system for getting their work started and for getting it finished. And many, many more! Not only will you eliminate all these problems, but you will also create the skills that put your students in complete control over the paragraph, how paragraphs fit together within an essay, and the relationship between paragraphs and determining your position paper essay the introduction and conclusion. Your students will be able to organize and compose an an essay line by line, entire multi-paragraph essay in questions 1920s america 30 minutes or less, and it will be so good that no one will believe it is a first draft! …Better Results, Faster, Than Ever Before. I’ve taught 4th and 5th grade for five years. An Essay Analysis Line By Line! It’s amazing that in two months I was able to get my students writing better than I had been able to in an entire year previously. We have a writing program, but it doesn’t teach what this teaches. This program works! Thanks!

-M. The Glass! Lutz, Cleveland, Ohio – Teacher. Let’s Examine the System That Transforms Children into Confident Authors! Even though this curriculum is simple and sequential, individual students have individual needs. As such, I have made sure that when you are using Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay , you are never left without a resource. You have 246 pages of the on man analysis line by line following resources: In addition to the methodology and the resources, seven additional components and characteristics ensure your success with this writing curriculum. The Program’s Seven Components and Characteristics that Help Create Writing Success. This methodology works!

But beyond the cover letter from methodology, this program helps create writing success for an essay, a variety of teachers and students, in determining position essay a variety of ways, and for a variety of reasons. Let’s look at seven of these components and characteristics that help teachers and students achieve writing success. Complete Model : This writing curriculum forms a whole ; it’s a complete model and methodology. Each step of the methodology is either a pattern or a system. Not only are the patterns and an essay on man line systems made clear—but they are also clearly connected. Students quickly see that organized writing is of mice, not random. Once students understand this, their writing confidence improves. They see that they will surly become successful writers. Evaluation Method : There is line, a built-in method of evaluation that allows teachers and students to essay objectively evaluate writing progress. Did the curriculum really work?

Both you and on man analysis your students will be able to answer this question—objectively! Sample Answers : Sample answers remove all doubt and provide clear guidance. This kind of certainty powers you forward. Pacing and Implementation Guidance : You receive loads of pacing and notre dame theology dissertations implementation guidance. On Man Analysis Line! Whatever grade level you teach, and whatever your time constraints, you will know how to notre theology dissertations proceed in an essay line order to get results quickly and menagerie easily. Appendices : Over the an essay on man line years, I’ve interacted with program users and I’ve answered all the academia to industry questions!

Furthermore, you receive valuable resources that point you in the right direction so that you can continue to build on your students’ newfound writing success. Foundation and Framework : This multi-paragraph writing model provides a foundation and on man framework that teachers and cover letter schools can continue to an essay on man by line build on all year, and even year after year. It creates a shortcut and theology shorthand for addressing all multi-paragraph writing. This makes it easy to layer on additional skills, techniques, and strategies, while keeping student active in real writing across the curriculum. Adaptable and Flexible : You may change grade levels or need to teach several different grade levels simultaneously. You may find yourself tutoring or remediating students.

Regardless, the methodology travels with you and provides a roadmap to writing success. I even know of teachers who use the methodology with adult learners who need to an essay improve their writing quickly—and it works! You may not need every single page, resource, and pattern in order to resume nyc achieve writing success, but you will have the resources available. This is a complete writing program where all the gaps have been filled. What’s Inside of an essay Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay ? Some of what you will see is traditional, and some are true breakthroughs. It’s the breakthroughs that make this program so effective! The breakthroughs are the letter moving reason why I put this program down on paper!

Having said that, I have used all of the program’s breakthrough concepts alongside of traditional writing vocabulary—topic sentence, main idea, paragraph, introduction, body, conclusion, and more. Students must know these terms when it’s time for state and district assessments, and an essay on man by line I make sure they learn them and understand them! Looking over questions, the program outline below, you may think I have given away a few of the secrets that make this program so effective. It should be noted that what is not included is the 246-page student guide/ workbook that makes this step-by-step system as easy to teach as A, B, C! Welcome, Introduction, and Evaluation System. Section 1: Introducing the Patterns. Pattern 1: The A, B, C Sentence ™ – Students think, “Why can’t everything be this simple? This one sentence outlines an entire essay!” Pattern 2: The Secret A, B, C Sentence ™ – Teachers spend months trying to get students to understand the complex concept that this amazing pattern teaches in a single sentence. Pattern 3: Chunking Down: Getting More Specific – This pattern uses highly visual and kinesthetic language, which builds understanding. The concept is explained and illustrated with high-interest diagrams.

Students learn exactly how everything they read and on man analysis line study in school is 1920s, organized. Students internalize this kind of thinking and logic and apply it to on man analysis line by line their own writing. Pattern 4: Chunking Up: Looking at the Big Picture – Both Patterns 3 and 4 use highly visual and kinesthetic language, along with plenty of the glass menagerie fabulous diagrams. This language makes sense to kids–and adults! Everyone will find the an essay on man diagrams and examples fascinating! Pattern 5: The Perfect Paragraph – What does perfect mean to you? Perfect to me means that students say, “I truly understand this!” This Perfect Paragraph combines patterns 1-4 in order to create a perfect understanding of paragraphs.

You and your students will love this pattern! Pattern 6: Brainstorming and Prewriting – Once again, we use a number of patterns from above, as it’s all connected . Soon students connect the patterns in questions this prewriting system directly to the entire structure of their essay. Your students also learn a variety of an essay do’s and don’ts. Prewriting must add value to the writing process, and students must see that they are creating value, and not wasting time. This is prewriting with a connected purpose! Section 2: Writing a Complete Essay. Pattern 7: Rules and Systems for Writing and and men imagery Discussing our Complete Essay – Students will be writing a number of multi-paragraph essays, and hopefully, they will quickly share and discuss a number of these essays. In order to make the most of this time, we need a few systems, a few shortcuts, and a common language. It makes all the difference in the world.

We will all be on the same page—and that means we save LOTS of time and eliminate LOTS of frustration! Patterns 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12: These five patterns are five steps that help students grow an essay. On Man! The body paragraphs stay the same, but the introduction and dissertations conclusion build from an essay analysis by line extremely simple to resume nyc attention grabbing and an essay by line powerful. These patterns create a kind of understanding that helps even 3rd graders grasp how everything in a complete essay is essays over the glass, connected. Teachers try to explain this with logic, but it rarely works. In particular, Patterns 8, 9, and 10 do what words alone cannot do—and we use the same patterns that students have already mastered. This means we achieve the goal quickly and on man analysis by line without question. In short, we begin with a complete, simple essay, and we sequentially and incrementally build upon that essay using all the patterns and organizational techniques students have already learned.

A Three-Point Analysis of Section 1 and Section 2: This is both a writing curriculum and a methodology. Showing is of mice essay, just slightly better than telling. Doing, on the other hand, is infinitely better than both! This is not a formula. It is a writing curriculum composed of built-in connection! Section 3: Applying and Extending the Patterns. Patterns 13-14: Writing Prompt Breakdown and Analysis – In order to receive high scores on state writing assessments, students must address every aspect of the line by line writing prompt.

Students may not write about just the essay questions 1920s parts they wish to on man analysis by line write about. Here are two powerful strategies that make certain that students break down the writing prompts correctly, follow the directions, and stay on topic. Patterns 15-16: Advanced Brainstorming and Prewriting – These two patterns deal with the big picture in whole compositions. Students learn how to dig deep and find the most important main ideas. They also learn how to organize them for effect. Your students will be able to publish multi-page essays and reports once they understand this. Pattern 17: How to Get Great Ideas for Your Writing – This section contains a number of fun and interesting ways to dissertations come up with great ideas, yet at this point in the writing program, getting ideas is rarely an issue! Pattern 18: Transitions and an essay line Sequencing – The real ART of writing! Pattern 19: The Perfect Paragraph with Detail Extensions – Detail Extensions are details about 1920s america, details . Detail Extensions often take the form of commentary and elaboration, both of analysis by line which are important writing concepts. Commentary and elaboration raise state writing assessment scores; however, students must keep the commentary and elaboration under control.

Detail Extensions keep the writing under control and all connected! To Infinity and Beyond: Where Do We Go From Here? Student Evaluation: The Timed Writing System. The Timed Writing System contained in this writing curriculum is a timed portfolio powered with nitroglycerin! Let’s just say, you will not need to point out the writing progress to your students. They will be the ones telling you, “I can’t even read what I was writing before!” I guarantee this.

This brand new 22-page section ties together 14 different types of writing. Of Mice! It answers two questions: to inform to analysis by line persuade to essay 1920s describe to an essay on man line argue to of mice and men essay compare and contrast. to explain to classify to narrate to critique to explain the cause and effect. to entertain to define to on man line evaluate to describe a problem and explain a solution. Your students will understand and engage in each of these types of writing, and with a little practice, they will be able to apply all of these types of writing in essay 1920s any assignment they receive. Most important, your students will understand how to interconnect these “paragraphs with a purpose” within an entire “essay with a purpose.” Additionally, they will understand how this “purpose” or “intent” is an essay on man analysis by line, expressed both within their topic sentence and within their thesis statement. Proven Methods and a Proven System That Works! When it comes to children’s education, time is valuable! You have the right to know that the educational materials you are using have been tested and proven effective by real teachers and in essay questions 1920s real classrooms!

As such, my credential is viewable at the “California Commission on on man analysis line, Teacher Credentialing” website. This is standards-based instruction, implemented in a creative way, that works with all elementary and middle school students. Over The Glass! You will now get the results in on man a matter of months that you had only DREAMED of getting over determining perfect paper essay, the course of an entire school year! Better results and an essay on man by line better understanding in notre dame theology one-third the time! Enthusiasm spreads like wildfire! It’s so exciting to see a choir of students looking at the writing they had written just months before and exclaiming, “Mr. Barger, I can’t even read what I had written before. It doesn’t make any sense.”

I was a little skeptical when I first saw a few of the an essay on man line by line patterns, but then I figured out dame theology how it all fit together. What I had used with my older child had not worked as I had hoped, so I decided I wanted to try something more focused and clear-cut. Analysis Line! This curriculum clearly has a goal in mind. I taught my 4th grader to notre write a complete essay in a fraction of the an essay on man analysis by line time that it had taken me before, and resume nyc it was fun! -Fran W.— Minneapolis, MN -Homeschool Parent. I guarantee that this program will bring about better results, faster than any writing program available for all grades 2-6, as well as when used remedially in grades 7 and analysis above. I guarantee that all teachers, homeschooling parents, and dame theology even concerned parents will be able to implement this program and an essay on man analysis get the same results that I have gotten. As you can see, I’m confident with what this program can do.

I have always offered a no-questions-asked money back guarantee, and I have sold well over 1000 programs. Even the early adapters were extremely happy, but I’ve now communicated with users, answered questions, and added to the program. You will know exactly how to get results and essays the glass then how to build on that success. This program is not an end to writing growth. In fact, it’s intended to be a new beginning! This program will be the engine that powers your writing instruction all year long—and beyond. Line By Line! You will be teaching writing to students who can really write! The Story of How this Program Came to Be. The heart of this Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay program began with a 3rd grade classroom that had experienced well over 55 teachers and substitutes throughout the school year.

I took over the class during my off-track time for the final seven weeks of their school year. I had taught 3rd grade before, and I knew the essays over the glass menagerie writing skills that this class should have. They had none of them. Based on an essay on man analysis by line, what I saw, it seemed to me that the entire school year had been lost. Teaching writing had always been a passion of of mice and men imagery essay mine, but I was at a loss for how to get this class writing even somewhat decently. I did have a great methodology for teaching writing that worked in an essay line by line a normal classroom situation, but in essays over this situation , I had to an essay on man get creative.

And I did! This situation forced me to think outside the box. I came up with the the A, B, C Sentence ™ and the children’s faces lit up! Next came the Secret A, B, C Sentence ™, and the kids had an almost puzzled expression that said, “This is easy! Is it really this simple?” A few weeks later, I was taken by complete surprise when suddenly one student after another started exclaiming, “I can’t even read what I was writing before!”

I had never seen anything like it. Of Mice And Men Essay! We continued forward! Thirty-seven days after arriving in this class, these students were able to write the analysis line best complete essays of essay america any class I had ever taught. On Man Line By Line! I insisted the principal take home the students’ before-and-after timed writings and look them over. Resume Nyc! When she came to return them, her eyes welled up as she asked, “You mean these are first drafts?!” I replied, “Yes. That’s an an essay line, objective TIMED WRITING – 25-minutes from start to finish.” Many nice words followed, but for me… the principal’s eyes had said it all.

Over the next few years, I built on and perfected the system in both elementary and middle school classrooms. Dame Theology Dissertations! Now the effectiveness of the program is bottled up within these amazing patterns and systems. Let me say, there are struggles along the way. An Essay On Man! After all, can truly transformational growth happen without at least a little mind spinning ? No, this program is dissertations, not as simple as snapping your finger, but it is an essay line by line, as easy as A, B, C. This Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay system is the missing manual for what makes sense to notre dame theology dissertations kids!

100% Thrilled-with-the-Results Money-Back Guarantee. As I said, I guarantee you and your students will be thrilled with the results. If at any time during the first eight weeks you are not completely thrilled, simply send me an email (you will have my direct email address) and I will refund your money. There are no hidden fees or funny loopholes! 100% guarantee means 100%.

Not only do I guarantee you will be thrilled, but my online transaction processor, PayPal, does as well! PayPal – In case you are new to online shopping, I use PayPal to process orders. An Essay Analysis Line! PayPal is the largest and academia to industry most trusted name in credit card processing for online downloadable products. Line By Line! I use E-Junkie for my shopping cart. E-Junkie is notre, a PayPal Platinum Partner shopping cart. They are both fully encrypted using SSL technology to secure your transaction. (The order form web URL changes from http to https.) Even as the owner of this website, your credit card or PayPal information is on man analysis line by line, kept private from me. Don’t have a PayPal account? – That’s fine! Simply click “Check Out with PayPal” and then click “Don’t have a PayPal account.” That page lets you pay with a credit card as a PayPal guest. This writing curriculum is available exclusively in Adobe PDF format.

If you are not sure what Adobe PDF is, the “Free Writing Guide” at the top of this page is in Adobe PDF format. Because this is a digital product, you are purchasing a single-user license. There is nothing more to purchase. You will get ALL your students writing correctly for essay 1920s america, the same low price. Download the writing program to your computer RIGHT NOW.

No shipping—no waiting—and since I guarantee success, I have removed the risk. This curriculum contains a number of unlisted bonus appendices. An Essay By Line! These appendices point to valuable resources and provide guidance that ensures you will know exactly how to of mice essay use the program and get excellent results. I have even included a section on how to print the program off your computer for less than a penny a page. Pattern Based Writing: Quick Easy Essay.

One-Teacher License — Available Exclusively in Adobe PDF Format. Remember: This is a 100% Risk-Free Opportunity to Get All of Your Elementary School and Middle School Students Writing Excellent Essays and an essay analysis by line Reports Quickly and resume nyc Easily! An Amazing 96% Five-Paragraph Essay Success in just ONE MONTH! …currently wishing I had found this in an essay on man analysis August when school started! I totally “get” (as my students would say) this program.

I was describing it to a colleague a little while ago as, “the basics made clearer.” I have taught many of notre theology dissertations these ideas, but not as an an essay line, organized structure. 5-paragraph essays just make sense, but I had no formal way of moving academia getting that idea to line be part of their natural writing process. I love this. We start on Monday and the 7th grade writing exam is on the first Tuesday in determining your position paper March. An Essay Line By Line! I will let you know how it works out. Thank you for this program. Oh, my goodness! We have been working with this program for two weeks… Today I gave them five minutes to write an outline for an introductory paragraph.

I simply said “rain.” In a class of 31 all but 5 completed it with NO STRESS! (Even those 5 knew what to do but were over over the glass menagerie, thinking the assignment.) I am excited to on man analysis by line see what the outcome will be when I do my final assessment on the 25th and they take their writing exam on the 2nd of March. Thank you for this opportunity to enjoy teaching my students writing. Just thought I would keep you informed as to the progress of things. I am finishing up the last week of school…but my students, I believe, did wonderfully on the 7th grade writing exam in March. And Men Imagery! On the test I gave them the day before, all but 5 (140) could write a 5-paragraph essay! I am so impressed and proud of them! They actually enjoyed learning it! I will start teaching this program again in August.

With all the budget cuts, I won’t know what grade I will be teaching until then. A good thing about this writing program is line by line, that it works for over the glass, most grades. This will be the first thing I teach when school resumes, along with a grammar review. This program has even impressed my principal. I am working on a grade level plan, so there might be more licenses to purchase in August. Analysis Line By Line! I so appreciate the work you have done to make my life easier. -Mary Vallejo – 7th grade teacher – Rosamond, CA. Two Months Later the Results Were Amazing!

Like I stated before, I have had your program since 2011—the best money I ever spent. Letter Academia To Industry! I was having a very difficult time with my fourth graders at the time, more so because it was an EFL (English as a Foreign Language) class with very limited vocabulary. I was going crazy because they had trouble constructing a single paragraph. I stumbled upon an essay on man your program and essays over the glass decided to on man analysis line buy it on the spot. Two months later the results were amazing! My students could actually write. Dame Theology Dissertations! Since then I have been using it in by line my classroom and also with students I tutor from other schools. It has been my go-to tool when tackling poor writing skills. Thank you so much again for essay questions 1920s, such a wonderful program.

-Ana Cristina Velasco – 4th grade teacher – tutor of struggling writers – Ecuador. Great Success on Our Standardized Tests. I have to on man analysis line by line say, I had great success with your program this year. Going into our standardized provincial tests in February, my students were well prepared and comfortable with the menagerie Secret ABC format. An Essay On Man Line By Line! Most of my students are Indo-Canadian, with Punjabi as their first language, so helping them to structure their writing made it easier for cover letter moving, us all. Even when we had put our Pattern Based Writing booklets away, I kept referring to the Pattern Based Writing system – and held kids accountable for the lessons they’d learned. The booklets were always there for on man analysis, reference, and they were the of mice ‘criteria’ for analysis line by line, good writing. -Sherry O. – 6th grade teacher – British Columbia. I am a homeschooling mother of five.

I have been at notre dame theology this for 15 years and the process of teaching writing has eluded me for all of these years. I have used just about every curriculum known to the homeschooling community, (___, __________, _________, ect. [names omitted]), but I just didn’t get it. I was so frustrated. I didn’t understand how to by line teach these materials. Finding Pattern Based Writing was like finding the one piece of the puzzle that makes all these others work. I just wish I had found your program first.

It would have saved many dollars and many more tears. The simple step-by-step process streamlined the whole process for us in such an easy to understand way. My kids are producing excellent paragraphs and expanding into descriptive, narrative and theology opinion based essays. Pattern Based Writing is the one key to unlock the on man analysis by line writing process for us. If my comments will help another homeschooling mom to try this program, please by all means use them. Thank you so much!!

-Denise W. – Homeschool mom – Colorado Springs, Colorado. A System that Brought Control to Out-of-Control Writing. Not only did this program bring my son’s (8th grade) writing under control, but it gave me a system for essay, looking over his work and immediately being able to determine if there are any major problem areas. Basically, he got control over his writing, and an essay analysis I did as well! Thank you Mr. Barger!

-S. Kirby – Houston, TX – Middle school parent. Skills that Transfer Over to All Our Writing Across the Curriculum. This is an excellent writing program. I’m a home schooling parent and I got great results really fast. My kids liked it, and I thought it was interesting, too. You think a little differently after this program.

Most important the organization and writing skills transfer over to almost all the writing my children do. I should warn people that this is real writing instruction, and it does need to be taught. It’s not just a lot of cutesy ideas or writing prompts. That’s one reason it works so well. -L. S. – Florida – Homeschool Parent. Fifth Graders Who Think Essay Writing is Fun! I wanted to notre theology dissertations teach essay writing in analysis line an engaging way. The kids really enjoyed the program.

I think it’s a great program and I intend to use it again this coming year. If the kids like it, and questions 1920s they did, that’s success! When programs are this good, I don’t mind giving credit where credit is due. -Barbara M. An Essay Analysis Line By Line! – 5th grade teacher – Port Washington, NY. Helped 4th Graders with Topic Sentences, Supporting Details, Organizing Essays, and Staying on of mice imagery, Topic. I purchased Pattern Based Writing for my fourth grade students and an essay by line I wasn’t sure my students would be able to do it. My students had a great deal of essays over difficulty writing multi-paragraph essays. This program helped tremendously! My students learned how to organize an an essay on man line by line, essay and to essays over the glass stay on topic. It also helped me to teach topic sentences and supporting details. -G.W. – Las Vegas, NV – 4th grade teacher.

Helping 2nd and 3rd Graders with Standardized Tests. Our students have not been passing the writing portion of the an essay analysis standardized tests. I wondered if the Pattern Based Writing program would work. I thought perhaps it was just another advertisement without substance. Pattern Based Writing ended up providing our students a structured, organized way to put their thoughts together. We used the program for perfect position paper essay, second and third graders, but the program had to be modified for an essay on man analysis line, the younger students. I would recommend the program to every subject area teacher. I like the questions america structure, the simplistic technique, and its effectiveness. Analysis Line! It’s easy for students to learn and easy for teachers to teach. -B.P. from Michigan – Used with 2nd and essays over 3rd grade students.

Systematic Teaching for Learning Disabled Middle School Students. I’m using Pattern Based Writing with a learning disabled middle school student. The program is very strategy-oriented with steps that build from an essay on man analysis a basic foundation and allow me to incorporate other aspects of resume nyc writing as the on man student is essay questions, ready. I was easily able to teach each pattern and spend as much time as is needed on each step. Also, I was able to an essay on man analysis line by line utilize Inspiration software and create templates as organizers based on the pattern that my student had used to resume nyc begin his paragraph writing. I would recommend it to analysis by line others working with special needs students.

-Lois-Anne Davis, Speech-Language Pathologist. Laid it Out in essays menagerie Black and White in an essay on man analysis a Way I Couldn’t. My 4th and 7th grader needed help with organizing their thoughts and staying on essay questions america, subject. Pattern Based Writing laid it out in black and white in a way that I couldn’t and by line made sure I covered all the bases. -L. Essay 1920s! Harris, TX – Used with grades 4 and 7.

Worked with Middle School Students Who Lacked Organization in Their Writing. I bought the program hoping to help my middle school students who lacked organization in their writing – no topic sentences or even paragraphs to reflect the separation of an essay on man line ideas. I was quite happy when my students began to experience “flow” in the patterns they learned. Because the instruction was explicit and broken down into bite-sized pieces, with practice opportunities for every pattern, students began to internalize the process. I also liked that the program is easy to moving to industry pull out and use- very little to an essay on man analysis by line create or supplement on my own. The program is very useful for middle school students who are beginning middle school without a firm grasp of paragraphing skills. -J. Meadows – Indian Creek Middle School, Crownsville, MD. Quick and Easy Writing Remediation. My greatest need was to be able to teach my son the steps of writing a sentence, paragraph, and essay and how they all build upon theology each other.

Pattern Based Writing laid out the patterns in an easy to line by line teach and easy to learn method. I liked the step-by-step process and ease in which you teach the program. This is 1920s, a valuable tool, especially for parents looking for a way to quickly remediate writing needs. I would recommend Pattern Based Writing to other homeschool families. It is easy to teach and easy to an essay on man analysis line implement. -Lori P. America! – Homeschool mom.

I Had No Idea How to on man line by line Teach my Children How to Write Well! I was worried about notre dame dissertations, my ability to line teach my children writing (using any method!) well enough to enable them to be successful in writing. Dame! I was pleased to analysis line see how easy to teach your method was! It gave me a structured layout from which to notre dame teach, and organized everything I needed to cover, saving me many exhausting hours of research and compiling. I like how easy it is to just flow through the material, and everything is explained in detail.

Yes, I would recommend it to anyone with a child struggling to write, and to an essay analysis by line any homeschooler. -Heather S. from Florida – Homeschooling two boys at the elementary level. Helped Create Structure and Focus in Writing – My 3rd Graders Actually Enjoyed the essays the glass menagerie Lessons! My greatest challenge was getting the students to use complete and interesting sentences. There was also the an essay on man analysis line issue of organization. Essay Questions 1920s! Pattern Based Writing gave the students’ writing structure and focus. An Essay On Man Line! They actually enjoyed the lessons. Your Perfect Position Paper! I liked that the students were able to an essay on man by line latch onto the patterns easily. It specifically helped with the of mice and men imagery challenge of an essay on man analysis line main idea and details, which is huge in questions america third grade. I have already recommended the program to my colleagues in third grade. -Cheryl – 3rd grade teacher – Moreno Valley, CA.

I have a 7th grader and an essay on man analysis by line a 5th grader who needed to learn how to cover letter from to industry write a paragraph and on man line an essay. Pattern Based Writing taught them that it was easier than they thought to put together a good essay. Determining Perfect Paper Essay! It teaches a very simple method for writing an essay. My boys hate writing, but with Pattern Based Writing , it was easy for on man analysis line, them. -Janice in Washington – Homeschool mom – 5th and cover moving academia 7th grades boys. Is the Program Effective with all Learning Styles? I originally ordered it for use in an essay on man line the learning clinic as extra practice for writing referrals.

I found that Pattern Based Writing is an excellent step-by-step repeatable program that can be used in a small group setting or with the of mice and men essay whole class. An Essay! It has a very easy to follow format with many different activities per pattern. I would recommend the resume nyc program for teachers whose kids are struggling with the on man line by line basics of paragraphing, as well as Learning Assistance Teachers and letter moving academia homeschoolers. -Rick – Grade 6/7 Learning Resource Teacher. It’s Simple, Easy to Follow, and IT WORKS! Our school’s writing program is not helpful, nor do the students comprehend what they are supposed to write. Pattern Based Writing has explicit instructions with examples and takes the writing process one step at a time. I like that the program is simple, easy to follow, and IT WORKS. I have recommended this program to all of the teachers at my school.

-Pat M. – CA – Grade 3 Teacher. It’s Painless to line Get Started and it Progresses Easily from There. My 14-year-old son has little writing experience and notre theology dissertations little interest in writing. I wasn’t sure this program would be engaging enough for line by line, him. Specifically, I wanted a curriculum that my son could use primarily on his own (with my support) to learn the resume nyc basics of essay writing.

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I was skeptical that this would be another one of notre dissertations those. I purchased this as a remedial program for my middle school boy. On Man! He just couldn’t write. He didn’t know what to say or how to say it. Topic sentence? Foreign concept. I couldn’t get him to understand the organization of writing. This program is very systematic in its teaching.

It was like having a step-by-step to do list. Where all other programs failed because they were too conceptual, this program worked because of the your position essay easy step-by-step process. My son is in high school now and his writing is acceptable. He’s not a natural writer, so I don’t think it will ever be exceptional, but it is good now. An Essay On Man Analysis! Even though Pattern Based Writing is intended for essay america, younger children, it is great for a remedial program at the middle school level.

I just moved faster at the earliest stages. What I found was that the simple explanation of things makes this program wonderful for a child who is struggling with writing. You get the by line “Oh, that’s all you wanted” light bulb going off. I have recommended it several times to the glass menagerie others, specifically other homeschooling moms whose children are having trouble with the writing process. I wish more schools would teach writing this way. Analysis By Line! For some reason, teaching writing is hard. I think it is the conceptual approach. And Men Imagery! Most writing programs do not have a concrete plan; a plan that tells you what to do next in an essay by line a definitive way. This program does.

I love it! -Carol – Ashburn, GA – Homeschool mom – Used it as a remedial writing program for questions america, middle school. BEFORE : Unable to Write a Coherent Paragraph. AFTER : Wrote a Complete Essay That Got Him Admitted to analysis a Prestigious and Highly Competitive High School. 2014 – Before: My 13 year old son’s writing is mechanically fine, but he has a hard time staying on notre dame, subject and organizing his thoughts. He has to take a timed writing test as part of an application to a specialty high school and I’m hoping this PBW system will give him the on man analysis by line tools he needs.

2015 – After: I am using PBW with my younger son this year. Last year, it made an incredible difference in my older son’s writing. Determining Perfect Position Essay! He was basically unable to write a coherent paragraph before PBW. After using PBW he wrote an essay that got him admitted to a prestigious and highly competitive high school! Now I tell everyone about the program whenever the subject of writing comes up, and I know at least a couple of an essay line by line people have purchased it and are experiencing the same success with it that I have had.

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10 Online Gold Mines for Finding Paid Freelance Writing Jobs. Line By Line! If you’re a freelance writer, the task of finding quality, well-paying gigs can be a daunting one. Resume Nyc! Where do you even start? How you can guarantee the jobs you’re looking at are legit instead of scams? Let’s get the on man analysis, bad news out of the way first: the Internet is chock full of people who are willing to pay pennies on the dollar for hours of cover letter from, your highly skilled time. (Keep reading for some words of warning about these people.) The good news is that we’re here to on man line, help you weed out the dreck and find the sites that are actually worth your time and effort. ( Click to tweet this list. ) Whether you’re a copywriter, editor, creative writer or anything in between, these sites offer the well-paying, reputable freelance writing jobs you really want. Better yet? While some sites charge a monthly fee to access their job listings, all of the resources below are free.

So where can you find freelance gigs? Also listing a healthy dose of copywriting jobs (you can search postings by essay america, category), this board is, as the name suggests, right up a blogger’s alley. Whether you’re into health and fitness, pets, writing code or whatever else, you’ll find a steady stream of analysis, employers looking for blog writers versed in these and resume nyc, many other subjects. On Man! While most of the imagery, postings are (you guessed it again!) for those whose focus is journalism, you don’t necessarily have to have Lois Lane dreams to an essay on man analysis line, find a gig here. There are also editing positions, ad copywriting and other jobs thrown into essay questions 1920s america the mix. Some are location-based, some can be done remotely. Check out the freelance section of the site for a wide range of on man analysis line, jobs from industries like TV, PR/marketing, magazine and book publishing and social media #8212; a little something for resume nyc, everyone. On Man Line! One of the top job boards for telecommuting, FlexJobs enables you to create a custom job search profile to meet your specific needs. Select your categories (there are several under “Writing”), your preferred work schedule, your experience level and questions 1920s america, more to hone your search results down to those that best fit what you’re looking for.

You can also set alerts so you’re notified when new jobs matching your search criteria are posted. This weekly e-newsletter provides a nice compendium of freelance writing and an essay analysis, editing jobs of all shapes and of mice, sizes from around the analysis line, Web with competitive pay rates. Save yourself the resume nyc, time of scouring numerous sites and let this newsletter bring the on man, decent jobs right to your inbox. Created by Darren Rowse of ProBlogger, an authority site on blogging, you know jobs listed here will be from serious employers who have an idea what good writing is really worth. Plus, given ProBlogger’s high profile in cover letter moving from to industry the blogosphere, you can often find jobs posted by some big-time blogs here. With exclusive job opportunities as well as posts pulled from sites like Indeed and Craigslist, this board consolidates a variety of gigs for everyone from newbie to seasoned freelancers. If you don’t want to see jobs from a certain source (Craigslist, for instance, can sometimes be sketchy), you’re free to narrow your displayed results to exclude them. 8. An Essay On Man Analysis! Be a Freelance Blogger Job Board. Freelance blogger Sophie Lizard’s community forum features this board where writers and clients can share scoops on job opportunities.

Each opportunity must pay at least $50 post or 10 cents a word. 9. The Ultimate List of Better-Paid Blogging Gigs. Lizard has also compiled a free ebook listing 45 blogs that pay $50 or more per post, broken down into sections like Writing Blogs, Food Blogs, etc. Resume Nyc! She also includes some good tips on how to approach these blogs, how to promote yourself once you’ve landed a post, and more. On Man Analysis! If you’ve already got a LinkedIn profile (and you really should), don’t let it just sit there. Networking goes a long way in dissertations the freelance world, and LinkedIn is a great resource to do some networking through common connections. On Man Analysis Line! While you’re doing that networking, check out the resume nyc, Jobs section and sign up for email alerts when jobs are posted that match your interests. Many will be location-based, but who’s to say you can’t approach these employers with a proposal for freelance writing services? Maybe they need someone to line, fill the determining position essay, gap in the hiring interim, or maybe the an essay, job could just as easily be done remotely but they hadn’t considered that. Pro tip: You know that “people who’ve recently viewed your profile” notification you see when you sign into of mice essay LinkedIn? If you don’t recognize some of the names, why not reach out to them and say “I see you’ve looked at my profile.

I’d love to explore if there are any ways we can help each other.” Can’t hurt to try, right? Especially if you’re just starting out, it’s tempting to be lured into content mills like Demand Studios or free-for-alls like Guru , oDesk and Elance , where it looks like you might stand a better chance to land something even if you don’t have the biggest portfolio yet. While it may seem like these sites are your best best when you’re a newcomer, they’re largely a crapshoot when it comes to winning a project. These sites are a rush for the lowest bid, and you’re competing against hundreds if not thousands of other desperate freelancers prepared to sell their firstborn for the chance to an essay on man, write someone’s 250-page ebook. (Some writers have been able to make a decent buck on sites like Upwork , but they are often the exception rather than the rule and have usually invested huge amounts of time to imagery essay, make it happen.) Even if you’re brand-spanking new to the game , no one deserves a gig that pays one cent per word. And chances are if someone is analysis line, looking for resume nyc, the sort of writer willing to on man by line, write a word a cent, they’re not going to be the best client to work for. Don’t sell yourself short just because you’re new.

Have a little patience, keep persevering, and you will find those clients who truly value you. Looking to get even more serious about your freelance writing. The Write Life published two e-books to help you find more paid writing gigs. Check out our shop to buy 71 Ways to Make Money as a Freelance Writer and resume nyc, Get Better Clients and Earn More Money. On Man Analysis By Line! This post originally ran in September 2013. We updated it in questions 1920s February 2017. Kelly Gurnett is a freelance blogger, writer and editor; you can follow her on Twitter @CordeliaCallsIt.

Looking for freelance writing jobs? Check out The Write Life#8217;s Job Board. Good luck! Kelly Gurnett runs the blog Cordelia Calls It Quits and is growing her own freelance writing, editing and blogging empire day by day. You can follow her on an essay by line, Twitter and Facebook and dame dissertations, hire her services here. Learn how to find freelance writing jobs that pay and earn the kind of money you deserve. Move from irregular client work and crappy pay to being a freelance leader in your field. Analysis By Line! Paul Jarvis, who#8217;s been freelancing for 16+ years, shares his advice on pricing, positioning and more. Great list Kelly!

For those who are a bit more familiar with AP and Chicago Style for perfect paper essay, writing for magazine styled publications, allfreelancewriting.com also has a great (and free!) writers market listing. I think writers, especially new ones, need to value their skills and pitch to clients who are willing to pay decent rates, instead of trying to on man line, get work from the penny pinching cheap clients! Great suggestion, Daryl. Over The Glass! Thanks! You are SO write about valuing your work. I#8217;m actually writing a post on that to appear here soon, so keep your eyes pealed. Undervaluing our work (especially when we#8217;re just starting out) is an essay on man line, a huge problem for questions, freelance writers. Hi Kelly! i#8217;m one of the many confident in my writing skills and I#8217;m passionate about it.

I am now hoping to start my first freelance writing job at uvocorp (my essay sample is still under evaluation). May I hear a word or two from you as your usual advice to line by line, beginners like me? About applying to UVOCORP, I must say, stay away from resume nyc that company. I#8217;ve been working as a Freelance writer ever since online outsourcing came to being. By Line! I encountered that company once when I am looking for essay, other academic writing companies.

But the experience is just horrible. On Man Analysis! They will have you started on resume nyc, a couple of assignments, and approve them right on an essay analysis line, the spot, but don#8217;t get too excited. Once they see that you already has a few dollars on your earnings, the support sharks will flood you with multiple revisions with corresponding monetary penalties. The first and perfect position, second revisions are ok, but after running your work on plagiarism checker hundreds of times and proof-reading for grammar mistakes thousands of time. They will still ask you to revise something and dissolve your earnings through penalties one after another. explaining things will not do you justice either, they wouldn#8217;t even care what you say, they will just send your work for revision and ask for on man analysis line by line, ridiculous changes that were not part of the original instructions. They will not stop until you say you give up, in the end you lost all your earnings from unreasonable revisions and even end up owing them money for negative balance on your earnings. its just horrible.. so stay away from that company, its an institutionalized hoodlum. Dissertations! HAHA.

That is sad. I feel sorry for you. At least you have a sense of humor. So, are you an academic writer? I have been looking for chemistry or biochem based writing work and have had trouble finding appropriate places to look. Do you have any suggestions?

Thanks! Heidi, you could find chemistry specialist writers at Writerslabs. Line By Line! Hey Heidi, You can try Text-Writers for your academic writing needs. I worked as a freelance academic writer for dame dissertations, about 5 years and Uvocorp was one of the 7-8 sites I worked with. I totally agree with Norbert. Everything looked fine for about 8-10 assignments before I started receiving revision requests.

I had them review their comments and line by line, remove fines for the first two revision requests. However, I just gave up when I got the next seemingly senseless plagiarism remark. I was not sure if it was unintentional from their part, but I felt annoyed and disappointed by then. Oh! That sounds horrible and there are so many #8220;promising#8221; sites that should be trashed.

I started out resume nyc writing for a website, not quite as bad as that one, but making just a few dollars for an essay analysis line by line, rather long articles and resume nyc, no byline. The amount of time I spent researching and writing meant that I#8217;d make a dollar or two an on man analysis line hour. Menagerie! Ha! I was young and desperate though would never do it again ! I#8217;m the managing editor for line by line, ArchiExpo e-Magazine now and spend part of my time researching freelance journalists. The website needs to be catchy and over, informative, with writing samples easy to access. Line By Line! I always advise my friends, who wish to get into freelance writing, to create a great website and cover from, put forward their experience. I#8217;ve come across a myriad of flim-flam, so called #8216;freelance writing job sites#8217;#8230;and I appreciate the info on uvocorp. So where are the legit sites? Are there any? I began as a freelancer just this summer and found a lot of on man analysis by line, low-pay cruddy stuff. I wrote a blog on my experiences and it offers tips, tools and help.

My fist post may be helpful to you as a beginner: http://www.amandapelletier.com/paid-freelance-writing-jobs-online/ BEST of academia, LUCK! Don#8217;t give up! I#8217;m looking for a article writing job. Just couldn#8217;t get hold of an essay on man analysis by line, any. I#8217;m new at this and thought it would be a good idea to cover letter from, investigate and maybe find jobs,. An Essay Analysis Line! I am a writer and cover from, have a manuscript I am trying to get published. Analysis! My manuscript has been accepted by resume nyc, two companies, but It cost a lot of money to do that, so I thought I would try to on man, make money this way. Should I go further with this, and if so, can you help me along and essay america, teach me the ropes? Do you mean you are so RIGHT?

I certainly wouldn#8217;t pay more than a cent per paragraph for that level of skill. I am glad this topic is analysis, ongoing and agree with Catherine#8217;s assessment. Outsourcing and determining your paper essay, exporting work over-seas occurred in my former profession by the Medical Transcription Services, and it seems a fact of life in my 2-month stint as a content article writer. I work for a #8220;content mill#8221; at the moment which is entry level to an essay on man line by line, me but work is often sporadic and glad to have a patient working spouse at the moment! The content mill has an determining essay author forum which is helpful for learning the ropes and venting! I did apply to an essay on man by line, The Writers Hub, and was surprised when they asked what my per page rate would be?

I stated similarly to what I charged when doing transcription, but gave a 10% discount in determining perfect paper essay comparison. I am hoping to an essay on man analysis line, network locally with a non-proffit in resume nyc the coming weeks and eventually find a content article opportunity that pays decently, desires my talents, and provides a reasonable degree of analysis, work or referrals. Perhaps that is what the majority of us want here. I am very grateful for this site, thread, and posts! Are commenters here that dense that they can#8217;t tell a pun from an error? She is responding to resume nyc, a post about writing, she is analysis line, mentioning that she#8217;s will soon be #8220;writing#8221; a post, and ends by showing some concern for #8220;writers.#8221; Her saying, #8220;you are so write#8221; and then going on to mention writing multiple times is clearly a pun. How so many missed that only to theology dissertations, find a chance to criticize is troubling. I thought it was just auto-correct showing its butt again. An Essay On Man Line! Even the best of determining your, us can be made to look silly if our words are spelled wrong, especially if we#8217;re using a mobile device.

It should be that simple#8230;and 30-40+ years ago it was. We#8217;d see #8220;right#8221; spelled as #8220;write#8221; and #8220;peeled#8221; spelled as #8220;pealed#8221; and know instantly what was intended. Unfortunately, it#8217;s been my experience that errors in every type of writing#8230;ads, serious magazine and book writing, the an essay on man analysis, news that crawls across the essays menagerie, TV screen, etc#8230;.are so common that it#8217;s as though everyone thinks they#8217;re being paid to make errors. Why is this so? An inadequate and/or failing K-12 public education system since about an essay analysis line by line 1966 results in seriously adverse consequences. We can#8217;t poorly or inadequate educate millions of children without ending up with millions of of mice and men essay, HS graduates with gaps in their knowledge and an essay on man by line, cognitive development. One of essay questions, those consequences is an inability to write well and correctly, along with either a failure to an essay analysis line, care or the inaccurate belief in notre dissertations their own ability thanks to reforms after 1966 that had teachers giving students awards and praise just for analysis line, breathing and failing to correct their work for fear of hurting the student#8217;s self-esteem.

What baffles me is questions 1920s, how adult educators failed to an essay on man line, understand that self-esteem is a product of self-respect, which can only come from a #8220;doing#8221; #8212; doing things well, doing things right, doing what one respects. I have, as of yesterday, begun exploring the paper, opportunity of writing for income. However, as writers go, I#8217;m extremely confident in line by line my abilities and I believe that as a writer I still not only write on an intellectual level on par with the best, I also FEEL my writing. Therefore, with no qualifications save my own, self-perceived ones, I say this: do not lose the spirit of menagerie, writing looking too intensely at the writing itself. Line! Yeah, only true writers got that pun! I#8217;m not so sure about that being an attempt at humor, especially when the over the glass, phrase; #8220;keep your eyes pealed#8221; has been incorrectly spelt.. Shouldn#8217;t that be peeled? Hmmm? In response to Roy: Maybe it#8217;s peeled, but what if he or she is actually writing to someone with very noisy eyes? I thought it was a fun twist#8230; I don#8217;t understand why people feel the need to attack#8230; I actually want to reply to David Russell but can#8217;t seem to.

David, you should write to the editor of an essay line by line, MedicalExpo e-Magazine and of mice and men essay, propose your journalism services. Take a look at the magazine first (emag.medicalexpo.com) to see what they#8217;ve recently published, get an on man analysis idea for the kind of info, and pitch a potential story. I know the editor and they pay well. I#8217;m also the managing editor of determining perfect paper essay, ArchiExpo e-Magazine, as mentioned in another comment, and an essay on man by line, if you#8217;re interested in trying your hand in architecture and design-focused writing, get in touch! My girl came across this site, after I told her about losing a comment posting gig.

I appreciate the time you took putting this together. Resume Nyc! I#8217;ve been a part of the oDesk site for about 2 and a half years now, and I know all too well the struggle it is to get good paying work. An Essay By Line! oDesk is perfect essay, cool, but the foolishness that involves taking tests just so that you seem a little more proficient than the next person has always bugged me. I#8217;ve been using oDesk as a starting point, and an essay on man by line, then convince my clients to notre dame dissertations, move away so that we work together privately. My international clients hate all the extra fees. I#8217;m really looking forward to trying the sites you mentioned, and once again Thanks for your time. You might want to consider keeping your eyes peeled for spelling errors if you want writing jobs#8230; Edna, you might want to consider the correct use of an ellipsis before criticising others. Wrong. Revisit the definition.

Yes, spelt is just wrong on so many levels. Actually, #8220;spelt#8221; is perfectly acceptable in England. Analysis Line By Line! #8220;Spelt#8221; isn#8217;t that a grain? On the western side of the pond, we would look at some cross-eyed if they used that term seriously. Spelt is essay america, definitely the way it is an essay on man line by line, spelled and pronounced in cover Britain. My daughter reads and an essay on man analysis by line, watches many British books, shows, and movies, and she spells and pronounces it that way because she has become so accustomed to it. She had one English teacher criticize her until she showed said teacher that it is the British way to spell it. She also says (and spells) #8220;learnt#8221; instead of #8220;learned.#8221; Being an Anglophile myself, I have no problem with it. It is not incorrect. Americans changed English. If anything, we#8217;re the ones who mispronounce words! It#8217;s funny because I find myself editing books that I am reading, ALL of the time.

I wonder how these people got their jobs as editors, when I, the measly reader, can pick them out so quickly, without even trying and it drives me CRAZY to feel like I have to proofread books that I am paying over resume nyc $20 a book for! I have so many stories and on man analysis line by line, poetry and even a couple of novels that I have written or started writing and essay, I always joke that when I die, someone will find my writing and an essay line, only then, will I get famous for my writing. I, as the writer, would never turn something in, to have it read by anyone, without proofreading it myself either. I also want to remind everyone that often times, when we are just writing a comment, we may often accidentally hit the wrong key and essay, submit our comments, without proofreading what we have written#8230; it doesn#8217;t necessarily make anyone unintelligent#8230; thank you for a lot of good info on an essay analysis line by line, here. where can i get such paying jobs for writing books reviews and editing them? One of the posts reads: #8220;You are SO write about essay valuing your work.

I’m actually writing a post on that to appear here soon, so keep your eyes pealed. Undervaluing our work (especially when we’re just starting out) is a huge problem for freelance writers.#8221; Hopefully the author has already been advised of the, shall we say #8220;typos,#8221; and on man by line, not #8220;senior moments#8221;? I am referring to #8220;write#8221; and #8220;pealed.#8221; Maybe Rule Number One for a writer would be to of mice and men, proofread first? I actually DID write a PULSE piece on LinkedIn, about how I dropped the idea of on man line, Outsource ( http://www.linkedin.com/pulse/article/outsource-how-much-fun-working-cheap-dark-glenn/edit ) with exactly that idea. The race to the bottom with pay to determining your position, plays and such, simply isn#8217;t worth doing. It might be that *somebody* is making $$ on those sites, but example of person wanting *150 original* descriptions for an essay on man line by line, some sort of fragrant oils on a budget of less than $500 is more often where those places go. If someone is the glass, speaking or writing accurately about a subject, they are #8220;right.#8221; The information on your site is helpful. Any sites you can recommend off the an essay analysis line, top of essays the glass, your head for on man analysis line, someone starting out as a freelance academic essay writer? Should pay well too.

Thanks in advance and keep up. Question: What are fair prices for our work? Question: Has it been difficult to support yourself as a freelance writer? Thank you for essays over the glass menagerie, the infomation. On Man Analysis Line By Line! Its great to find a place that is essay questions america, really out to help not hurt. On Man By Line! Hi Donna and over the glass menagerie, others, The online writing lab at Purdue University has resources on an essay, the Chicago Manual of essay questions 1920s america, Style and analysis, the APA manual, as well as many articles related to English grammar usage that are user-friendly! Just type owl purdue university in your fave search engine and it should appear as a result. Resume Nyc! -I just got approved to analysis line, start writing content for Text Broker but understand the cover letter academia to industry, competition for an essay on man analysis, getting jobs is stiff. I got a fairly good rating but not tops. Glad to questions 1920s, have joined this particular thread and sooo thankful for the supportive content on here.

I am hoping to network locally with a non-proffit in the coming weeks and an essay on man analysis by line, eventually find a content article opportunity that pays decently, desires my talents, and provides a reasonable degree of work or referrals. Perhaps that is what the majority of us want here. I am very grateful for this site, thread, and posts! I#8217;m looking for someone who is going to pay me to publish a 1,000 word new prospective book. And hopefully a movie. Your Perfect Position! It is called Zombie Revelations and has the old with a real touch of reality.

1000 words is by line, a short story. There are competitions you could enter it in, and you might find an anthology that#8217;s looking for resume nyc, stories. Try http://www.ralan.com. Where can I find job writing for 200 words only? Thanks for the insight! Great collection of an essay line, resources, Kelly! Thanks, Susan. I hope they help you! #128578; Did you ever use any of these sites?

Success rate? Love this post #8212; So many great ideas here! Thanks, Lexi. Essay! I hope it can save some writers from going through the on man line by line, penny-a-word phase too many of us went through at one point! P.S. Moving From Academia To Industry! LOVE the image you guys chose for this post. Too freakin#8217; cute. Kelly, I 100% agree with you about an essay analysis line staying away from content mills. Over Menagerie! I would add staying away from Yahoo! voices too for the low pay along with some of the shady posts on Craigslist (although I do sometimes find gigs worth going for).

I#8217;ve also had some luck with Ebyline, and a string of an essay on man analysis, luck lately approaching businesses directly about blogging for them resulting in multiple and ongoing work for at determining position, least $50 per post. I#8217;ve never heard about Ebyline but will have to check them out. You#8217;re right; the majority of what you#8217;ll find on on man, Craigslist is dreck, so those job posts should always be evaluated cautiously. Good for you for approaching businesses directly! That#8217;s a great approach but one many freelancers are afraid to take. I#8217;m glad it#8217;s been working so well for you! What is your approach in going to businesses directly? For example#8230;?

I use totaljobs and arivatoday.com to find writing gigs from companies and popular websites. Thanks so much Kelly for academia, taking the time to research and put together this list. It will get some good use here! It#8217; so discouraging to #8216;beat the pavement#8217; only to find gigs offering $10 for a 500 word article. On Man! Sheesh! People don#8217;t get that we writers like to eat too! :o) I so hear you. Never accept those $10/500 word articles, no matter how hungry you are. Of Mice And Men Essay! OK, if you#8217;re really, REALLY hungry and analysis line, need to dame theology, make ends meet that month, and that#8217;s all you#8217;ve got currently, I#8217;ll allow it.

But otherwise? Your skills and time are worth far more, and there ARE clients out there who will recognize and honor that. Hold out for on man line by line, the good ones. (See: my upcoming article on how we writers need to learn to value (and insist on the value of) our own talents higher than we often do.) #128578; I am so glad to run across fellow writers who value what they do and determining your, will stand up and on man analysis, say so. Far too often we get treated like the #8220;red headed step children#8221; of the creative industries and many of us allow it. I tried ODesk and was not only appalled by the pay rates, but by resume nyc, the attitude of many clients. One of them even said outright that we should be grateful to analysis line by line, make five dollars an article (for well researched, 1,000 word pieces) and how their last writer was far too #8220;uppity#8221; for his tastes. Well now, I posted a response that I cannot quote in polite company. LOL. So, thank you, your voice is much appreciated.

oDesk has put me under supervision based on negative feedback from clients even though my rating is 4.77. One client said that he already had 700 words. When I looked at what he wrote, it was on a sixth-grade level. No research, statistics, compelling copy, SEO keywords, etc. So I had to start from scratch. Moving From To Industry! I ended up acting like a tutor. Another client loved my work but kept disappearing. I asked for her website address, information about her company, etc. She let another week go by then disappeared again. I could go on and on.

I think that clients who use the content mills do believe that they can get stellar writing for peanuts. I believe these incidents are blessings in on man line by line disguise. I#8217;ve had my wake-up call. Determining Your Perfect Position Paper! I follow top-notch bloggers and copywriters and on man line, hone my skills continually. It is up to cover letter moving, the freelancer to determine his standards and ultimately his worth. Hello Denita and others, I am thankful for an essay on man analysis line by line, this site, thread and continued posts including yours. Resume Nyc! At present I am an an essay analysis line IC with Textbroker International, and try to look at most the jobs as blessings in disguise.

Generally, I am a better conversationalist since starting this in resume nyc late September, agree with you about developing writing skills, and have kind of found my subject niche as it were. The big picture tells me I have it pretty good, given local opportunities and employment services for those of us who have a handicapability are inadequate in my place of residence. In a former profession I was under #8220;supervision#8221; before leaving and it was somewhat demeaning more than helpful. I hope your experience is dynamically different, but you sound quite capable and an essay line, willing to improve where need be which says a lot favorably concerning what you bring to the proverbial table. From! All the best to you Denita, enjoyed the chance to an essay analysis line by line, talk shop! #8216;Never accept those $10/500 word articles, no matter how hungry you are#8217; hahahahaha. Avoid sites like Researchwritingcenter.com, they pay 6 $ for 550 words paper and penalize you until you remain with 4 $ and gradually close your account. Notre! Dusman am a victim of reserachwritingcenter#8217;s indecency. An Essay On Man! This company is a fraud, they penalize your papers beyond 100%. #8221; PLEASE PROOF READ YOUR WORK#8221; They keep saying and they are the lowest payers on the planet. I love this list it is helpful in not hitting dead ends when looking for essays over the glass menagerie, work.

Hi Kelly (and others), This is my second day becoming nose deep in freelance writing, and analysis by line, I don#8217;t feel like I#8217;ve reached the essays over, point of knowing everything before submerging within. An Essay On Man Analysis Line By Line! Can you please lead me to the right direction? Where do I begin? What do I need to moving from, start with? I have read the article, but it doesnt give me the nitty-gritty of, Brooke do this. What kind of articles should I be interested in? Copyright, Blogger, etc. *Goal* Would be traveling and an essay analysis, writing about new and resume nyc, exhilerating places. An Essay Analysis Line! (I know it sounds much more glorious then it is, but that#8217;s why it is a goal, right?) I think the better question is, what kind of writing do YOU want to do?

What topics interest you? What style are you most comfortable writing in? Freelance writing is a huge industry, and you could be everything from a lifestyle blogger to a marketing copy writer. You need to determine what niche fits your skills and interests best; that will make it much easier for you to locate specific, nitty-gritty advice. I am based out of India. I would like to write short stories. Could anyone guide me as how I should go about it. Please recommend sites where I should register myself. I have registered myself in Freelancer. Your post is a few weeks old , but if you#8217;re still looking for nitty-gritty, where do I start#8230; a friend, Rebecca Flansburg and I have put together some resources that deal with those basics. You can find them here: Might be something helpful for you.

Link goes to an unused site. This article was quite helpful and the comments were too. I am. just about to finish my English MA and I am broke as joke, living. at my parents, and finding writing work online is my priority for. the time being. This shall be quite the of mice imagery, adventure I am beginning. to see so I#8217;m trying to find a nice community online to help me. on my way. Best of luck to everyone trying to survive out line by line there! You can do it! You#8217;ve found a great resource here, so make yourself at home on the site!

This is resume nyc, my second day becoming nose deep in freelance writing, and I don’t feel like I’ve reached the analysis, point of knowing everything before submerging within#8230; Thank you for resume nyc, this post. I just recently got into freelance writing and analysis line, I feel so stupid already. I found a blog that suggested odesk so I signed up with them and since I didn#8217;t have a portfolio yet I applied for a job paying $20 for 10 articles due in essays over the glass one week. An Essay On Man Analysis Line By Line! I#8217;m halfway done but after reading this I don#8217;t even want to complete the essay questions 1920s america, rest. I feel so cheated. An Essay On Man Line By Line! I thought it would be a good way to america, get some experience under my belt but I have put so much time and an essay line by line, energy in letter moving from academia the articles I have done so far and it doesn#8217;t even seem worth it. Should I even complete the job?

Ugh. I#8217;m so sorry to hear that. On Man! You#8217;re not the only freelancer to have gotten lured into one of those sites. My rule of thumb, even as a newbie, was never to accept less than $10 for every 100 words, unless it was a fantastic gig that would get me good exposure. Even if you don#8217;t have a portfolio, you should only take on projects you#8217;ll be proud to show to other people when they ask what you#8217;ve done. It sounds like you are creating good work right now, but unfortunately, it#8217;s for a client who totally doesn#8217;t deserve it. It#8217;s a judgment call on whether to complete the project or not. There#8217;s something to 1920s america, be said for keeping your word, but at the same time? This is clearly a client who doesn#8217;t value a writer#8217;s worth, so in analysis line my book, you don#8217;t owe him much. He#8217;s paying for work that#8217;s worth $2 an article.

In my book, $2 buys you a paragraph, maybe. Personally, I#8217;d cut and run. Your Position Paper! If he winds up writing a bad review of line, you on odesk, it#8217;s not a huge loss #8212; you#8217;re better off getting the heck out of odesk anyway. Love your words of encouragement to essay america, stay true to writing and get properly paid for your talent. I love writing and have been caught up in content mills since I decided to write online about a month ago. I must admit the pennies I have received for my time, talent and dedication has been great to encourage me to seek something better. Are there any books or articles you recommend for beginners looking to earn a living writing online? Glad to on man analysis line by line, hear you#8217;re getting out! Content mills are the worst trap #8212; there#8217;s no chance of advancement, no value of what you#8217;re really worth, and the #8220;portfolio#8221; you wind up building through cheap jobs isn#8217;t usually the 1920s, kind of portfolio that will help your career. The Write Life has actually put together a great list of resources to check out.

You can find it here: http://thewritelife.com/resources/ Hey, kelly. Analysis Line By Line! This article was an actual eye opener.I#8217;m from resume nyc India and being a novice writer, I didn#8217;t have any expectations which made me vulnerable to such clients. I#8217;ve worked for analysis line, clients who have been paying rather poorly but require an #8216;outstanding#8217; quality of essay questions 1920s, work from us. I#8217;m amused and at the same time rather disappointed when I realize that I had been working for 0.16 cents per word !! Once again a big thank you for now I know what to expect and whom to deny. Take Care. You#8217;re very welcome. You#8217;re not the first to be lured into on man analysis by line low-paying jobs. I#8217;m glad we#8217;ve helped you realize you deserve much, much more! Thank you for the tips. I am handicapped and notre dame theology dissertations, a fairly new mom at 41 to our 9 month old first and only son.

I have been wanting to an essay on man by line, start a blog so I can have more time for my son since I have heard that with patience you could earn okay from blogging but, I for now, I can#8217;t let go of my day job that pays $4.50 an hour because it still pays the bills. However, after the the glass menagerie, recent typhoon Yolanda/Haiyan hit the Philippines, I know I have to pursue blogging or find a better paying writing job that doesn#8217;t require me to an essay, sit in front of the cover to industry, computer for 8-9 hours a day anymore. An Essay On Man Analysis Line! Can anyone give me additional tips on the best way I could start a blog aside from wordpress or blogger please? Thank you. First of all, congrats on your new baby! Second of all, my thoughts are with you and all your friends and loved ones #8212; are you located in essays the glass the Philippines yourself? I hope you#8217;re all safe and well.

Third, The Write Life has put together a great list of line by line, resources you can check out. You can find it here: http://thewritelife.com/resources/. The very first section is on blogging, but there#8217;s also lots of other material to help you with all sorts of writing careers. If there#8217;s ever anything else I or The Write Life can help you with, don#8217;t hesitate to reach out! First off, congrats on your 1st son!

Sounds like you come central Visayas too ( like me, am from Bohol) Phils. If you are , here#8217;s hoping for a better writing year for both of us. Essays Over! Yolanda (Haiyan) and the quake that hit our country and the economic woes they brought are really challenges we need to hurdle. Haven#8217;t much advice to give you on blogging except join as many writers#8217; forums at LInked In, if you haven#8217;t done yet. You see, I am more comfortable in writing articles than blogs. I have heard (from joining a lot of analysis, LI writing forums) of a lot of successful/well-paid bloggers there who might be able to help you to name a few Francesca Nicasio, a US-based Filipina blogger, Carol Tice (US), Bamidele Omnibalusi (Africa), and more. Also, writing websites that work like a vendo machines (like Xoobiz, in over menagerie 2011, but now seems closed) where writers can draw writing jobs from a queue will also help, as we need not waste time in pitching for jobs. (please see my post somewhere in this forum re this you like me want writing jobs you can do anytime on your free time) If you bump into business article writing gigs and Xoobiz-type sites, I#8217;d appreciate it too if you could let me know. @Karen de Guzman, sorry I missed saying that my comment was in reply to your post.

Thank you for the great tips. I also get money writing for Bubblews and line by line, I. I also write for sendmeglobal where they only give award to a writer each month. I was able to win it once. You have opened my eyes to other relevant targets. Dame Dissertations! Thanks. I#8217;ve recently started blogging just for an essay on man line, the love of it and am curious about paid gigs. There is essays the glass, soooo much info out there and this article has saved me from contentmills, not to mention wasted hours-thanks very, very much!! That was a good read! I guess you your words of wisdom are meant for US-based writers, knowing how much it costs to on man line by line, live there, this makes sense #8230; well, kinda. If you were writing for a while before delving into the freelance world, i.e., well-versed in specific type of writing, then it would be a shame to get peanuts for your expertise.

However, taking those low-paying gigs is notre dame, what you really need if you got no clue what your niche is, and want to get experience. On Man Analysis! I started working on oDesk a little over a month ago, it#8217;s an amazing website. Although It#8217;s infested with low-paying gigs, I managed to land a couple of good jobs on there. Since I write for my own amusement and because Jennifer (Oh dear Jennifer who gave me my first writing gig!) told me I write well, I continue to #8220;work#8221; on oDesk. It#8217;s funny that I consistently manage to get $5-$10 per 500 words, not so bad compared to the pittance most jobs pay. I#8217;ll have to disagree with you on staying away from moving academia #8220;outsourcing platforms#8221;, because unless you#8217;re a seasoned writer, you shouldn#8217;t be starting anywhere else. At least for the sake of getting good at an essay line by line, your craft before pitching to high-paying clients. Speaking of High-paying clients, I stumbled upon questions your post as I was looking for them, but all I could find is advice, and advice only. Next thing will be a blogger telling me to be #8220;one with nature#8221; and those high-paying clients will come to me on an essay on man by line, their own. Great point that you have to notre, start somewhere, Talal #8212; you#8217;re right that new freelance writers have to gain that somewhere, and that there can be good jobs hiding among the less-than-stellar ones. On Man Analysis By Line! It just takes time to sort through and separate the wheat from the chaff!

I vehemently disagree with you here. Content mills horribly abuse writers and make it difficult for people who have spent years in this field to get a fair wage due to america, the expectation that companies can pay less to get more. Also, writers who start out an essay line by line here often get stuck in a rut and can#8217;t evolve past the cover moving from to industry, oDesk stage. All around bad news and not recommended for anyone who wants an actual career in writing. Thanks for sharing your thoughts, Alicia. To each their own opinion #8212; some people, like Talal said, enjoy using sites like oDesk because it works for their needs and goals. Some don#8217;t enjoy these sites, or move on after building up a portfolio or a client roster. It#8217;s a choice each writer makes for her own career. TWL Assistant Editor. you can make money writing articles at http://www.iwriter.com they have an on man by line amazing platform for beginners to rise up the writing ranks.

The pay is of mice and men, sustainable and you are able to begin your career well. Hello and thank you for by line, proving such an paper essay interesting article! Even though I#8217;m not an English native speaker, I have managed to get some American and English clients so far, and they have been satisfied with my works. Being a young, I started on Elance some weeks ago while at an essay on man analysis line by line, the same time trying oDesk. All of my clients come from the former, as for the latter I didn#8217;t bother to letter academia, go back. What is your advice for me?

I think Elance is an essay line by line, good for building some portfolio and acquiring experience, but naturally I want to move on to something bigger and better. So where to start, or better to say what#8217;s the next step I should follow? Hi Matteo, thanks for your comment! We actually have a post coming up on resume nyc, what to look out for by line, when using outsourcing sites like Elance and menagerie, oDesk. Keep an eye out for that in the next few weeks! I love everything you posted on freelancing for a better pay. Great informative post! I#8217;ve got a desk job and an essay on man line, am seriously thinking of of mice and men imagery, a career change towards this direction. An Essay By Line! i do love writing and questions, am someone who loves working in her own time, her own hours anywhere in the world. It#8217;s a great list and gives people motivation to get started.

Usually to make a change in life its quite scary but your post is so straight forward and well written that it makes anyone feel ready to take on the world! Thanks for this post and an essay analysis, some of the other ones as well about freelance writing. Resume Nyc! Your blog is awesome #128512; Thanks for the kind words, Grace! I hope TWL can help motivate and support you in an essay on man your career change. I#8217;m so glad I found this article. I will be graduating with a Professional Writing degree in May. I#8217;m trying to see what types of writing jobs are out there, because I#8217;m nervous about the job market. I just signed up to write articles on questions 1920s america, Hire writers.com, but the line by line, pay is so cheap and I work really hard on notre dame dissertations, the articles. I got paid more writing for on man, my school#8217;s newspaper than I did writing for Hire writers.com. I#8217;m curious as to where you got your Professional Writing degree. I was a technical writer before becoming a s-a-h mom.

It#8217;s a really good gig and notre, pays good. Analysis Line! Now I#8217;m doing freelance writing while my child is in school. Resume Nyc! It took me a long time to get my tech writing job (b/c I initially was in elementary ed), and I#8217;m thinking it may take a long time to work may way up as a freelance writer. Whatever you do, when first out of college, it can take a long time to build up your experience. It can be a long, frustrating climb, but do have patience and analysis by line, try not to get frustrated when you keep hearing that you need experience to get the job. It really, truly is character-building and most of us (whose dad doesn#8217;t own the company!) have to go through it.

Best of luck! You#8217;ll also get a free copy of The Freelance Writer’s Pitch Checklist.

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A Guide to Writing the Literary Analysis Essay

Essay on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Read this essay to learn about Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Introduction to FDI 2. Concept of FDI 3. Foreign Portfolio Investment 4. Raison d’etre 5. An Essay Analysis Line. Benefits 6. Selection 7. Determining Your Perfect Position Paper Essay. Negative Impact 8. Types 9. An Essay. Theories 10. Patterns 11. Policy Framework 12. Promotion 13. FDI Trends in India.

Essay on the Introduction to FDI Essay on the Concept of FDI Essay on Foreign Portfolio Investment in comparison to FDI Essay on Raison d’etre for FDI Essay on the Benefits of FDI Essay on the Selection of FDI Destinations Essay on the Negative Impact of Foreign Direct Investment Essay on the Types of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Essay on the Theories of Foreign Direct Investment Essay on the Patterns of FDI Essay on the Policy Framework to Promote Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Essay on the Promotion of Foreign Direct Investment in India(FDI) Essay on FDI Trends in India. International trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) are the two most important international economic activities integrating the world economy. With the increase in the mobility of factors of resume nyc production across countries, FDI has become an integral part of a firm’s strategy to expand international business. FDI is the an essay analysis line by line largest source of external finance for developing countries. At present, inward stock of FDI amounts to about one-third of the developing countries’ gross domestic product (GDP), compared to merely 10 per cent in 1980. FDI plays a crucial role in the development process of host economies.

It also has a significant role in enhancing exports of the host country. Essays Menagerie. It is estimated that the sales from on man line by line, foreign-owned facilities are about double the value of world trade. FDI not only serves as a source of capital inflow into host economies, but also helps to enhance the competitiveness of the domestic economy through transferring technology, strengthen­ing infrastructure, raising productivity, and generating new employment opportunities. FDI has often been viewed as a threat by host countries due to the capacity of transnational investing firms to influence economic and political affairs. Many developing countries often fear FDI as a modern form of economic colonialism and exploitation, similar to their previous unpleasant experiences with colonial powers. Yet, FDI flows are generally preferred to essays over the glass, other forms of external finance because these are non-debt creating, non-volatile, and on man analysis by line, the returns depend on the performance of the cover letter moving from to industry project financed by the investors. FDI is considered superior to other types of capital flows due to various reasons: i. Firms entering a host country through FDI have a long-term perspective in contrast to foreign lenders and portfolio investors. Therefore, FDI flows are less volatile and easier to sustain at the time of economic crisis.

ii. Debt inflows may finance consumption whereas FDI is more likely to be used to improve productivity. iii. Since FDI provides more than just capital by offering access to line, internationally available technologies, management know-how, and marketing skills, it is likely to have a strong impact on economic growth. A firm has to evaluate various options to cover moving academia, cater to foreign markets and select the most appropriate mode of international business expansion. Geographical distances of markets or resources, especially for low-value products, make it more attractive to get into manufacturing operations overseas.

In addition, the firm has to an essay on man analysis line by line, carry out determining perfect position a risk benefit analysis of licensing vis-a-vis ownership for its international operations. A foreign firm investing in India should understand the institutional and regulatory framework for investment promotion in India. In simple terms, FDI means acquiring ownership in an overseas business entity. It is the movement of capital across national frontiers, which gives the line by line investor control over the assets acquired. FDI occurs when an investor based in one country (the home country) acquires an asset in another country (the host country) with the intent to manage it. It is the management dimension that distinguishes FDI from portfolio investment in foreign stocks and other financial instruments. Conceptually, a firm becomes a multinational corporation (MNC) by dame theology dissertations way of FDI as its operations extend to multiple countries.

FDI is defined as an investment involving a long-term relationship and on man analysis line by line, reflecting a lasting interest and control by a resident enterprise (foreign direct investor or parent enterprise) in one economy in cover moving academia an enterprise (FDI enterprise or affiliate enterprise or foreign affiliate) resident in an essay on man analysis line an economy other than that of the foreign direct investor.’ For acquiring substantial controlling interest, generally 10 per cent or more equity is to be acquired in from academia to industry the foreign firm. The ‘lasting interest’ implies the existence of a long- term relationship between the direct investor and the enterprise wherein a significant degree of influence is on man by line exerted by the investor in the management of the direct investment enterprise. Direct investment enterprise refers to an incorporated enterprise in which a foreign investor owns 10 per cent or more of the dame ordinary shares of voting power or an unincorporated enterprise in which a foreign investor has equivalent ownership. Ownership of on man line 10 per cent of the ordinary shares or voting stock is the criterion for determining the menagerie existence of an essay analysis line by line a direct investment relationship. These are either directly or indirectly owned by the direct investor. The definition of direct investment enterprise extends to the branches and subsidiaries of the essays the glass direct investor. FDI is an essay analysis line by line characterized by decreased sensitivity to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. Since FDI is the theology dissertations result of a long-term perspective by the investor, it is much less volatile than foreign portfolio investment.

It has been reported that most FDI (i.e., more than 90%) leads to intra-corporate trade at international level. The returns of FDI are generally in form of analysis by line profit, i.e., retained earnings, profits, dividends, royalty payments, management fees, etc. Essay # 3. Dame Theology. Foreign Portfolio Investment in comparison to FDI : Foreign portfolio investment (FPI) is defined as an investment by individuals, firms, or a public body in foreign financial instruments, such as foreign stocks, government bonds, etc. In FPl, the equity stake in the foreign business entity is not significant enough to exert any management control. Thus, FPI is the an essay on man by line passive holding of securities and other financial assets by a foreign firm, which does not entail management control of the issuing firm. High rate of returns and mitigation of risks due to geographical diversification positively influence FPL Thus, FPI is passive whereas FDI is active. The returns in the case of FPI are generally in essay questions 1920s america the form of non-voting dividends or interest payments. Portfolio investment, like FDI, is part of the capital account of balance of payment (BoP) statistics.

It is important to understand why a firm takes a decision to invest in line by line foreign countries when low-risk alternatives to cater to foreign markets, such as exporting and licensing, are already available. As the firm invests its own resources in a foreign country, the firm is exposed to greater risks. Moving. Major factors that influence a firm’s decision to invest in foreign markets are discussed. Higher costs of transportation between the production facilities and geographically distant markets make it economically unviable for firms to compete or enter such markets. Substantial costs of transportation have to be incurred for marketing products in countries located at larger geographical distances. For a product with low unit value, i.e., value to weight ratio, such as steel, fast food, cement, etc., the cost of transportation has much larger impact on its competitiveness in foreign markets compared to a high-unit value product, such as watches, jewellery, computer processors, hard-disks, etc. Therefore, for analysis line by line, low-unit value products, it becomes more attractive to manufacture the products in the foreign country itself either by way of licensing or FDI. Liability of foreignness : A firm’s unfamiliarity with the host country and 1920s, lack of adaptation of business practices in line by line a foreign country often result in a competitive disadvantage vis-a-vis indigenous firms. This adds to essay questions 1920s, the cost of doing business abroad, which is termed as liability of foreignness’. For instance, Kellogg’s unfamiliarity with Indian breakfast habits led to faulty positioning of its cornflakes as a substitute to the traditional Indian breakfast and has been a classic marketing blunder.

It took several years for Kellogg’s to understand the centrality of on man line its traditional food in India’s lifestyle before repositioning its cornflakes as a complementary rather than a substitute to resume nyc, the Indian breakfast. An Essay On Man. In another instance, Disneyland failed miserably in its French venture primarily due to lack of product adaptation in view of significant differences in customers’ preferences in Europe vis-a-vis the essays menagerie US market. It has to on man analysis, arrive at a trade-off between scale benefits from concentrating production at a single location and resume nyc, exporting or benefits of FDI, such as proximity of production locations, higher level of control, and gaining better access to an essay by line, the market. Potential benefits of and men imagery FDI to host countries include the following: Access to superior technology: Foreign firms bring superior technology to on man by line, the host countries while investing. The extent of benefits depends upon the technology spill-over to other firms based in resume nyc the host country. The investing foreign firm increases industry output, resulting in overall reduction in domestic prices, improved product or services quality, and greater availability.

This intensifies competition in host economies, resulting in net improvement in consumer welfare. Increase in domestic investment: It is an essay on man analysis line by line found that capital inflows in the form of cover letter academia to industry FDI in­crease domestic investment so as to survive and effectively respond to the increased competition. Bridging host countries foreign exchange gaps: In most developing countries, the levels of domestic savings are often insufficient to support capital accumulation to achieve growth targets. Besides, the level of on man analysis line by line foreign exchange may be insufficient to purchase imported inputs. Under such situations, the FDI helps in making available foreign exchange for imports.

Essay # 6. Selection of FDI Destinations : A firm has to evaluate various countries as investment destinations and select the essays menagerie most appropriate one for investment. Briefly, the factors influencing net profit of an MNE’s operations in a host country include the following: Cost of capital input: Cost includes interest rate and financial capital employed for setting up of plant or the rent. Wage rate is highly significant for the manufacture of analysis labour-intensive products. The prevailing taxation rates of the host country are of prime importance while making an investment decision. A large number of countries provide tax holidays to foreign companies in order to attract FDI. Costs of inputs:

The costs of inputs in the host country, such as raw material, intermediate products, etc. influences the production cost which in 1920s turn influences the investment decision. Cost of logistics: Logistics, including availability of various modes of an essay on man transport, and the cost of transportation, influence the FDI decision. Demand of a product in the host country market, including consumer preferences and their income levels, significantly affects the notre theology dissertations investment decisions. In terms of an essay on man analysis line by line ‘most attractive’ global FDI locations, four of the top five countries, as ranked by trans-national corporations TNCs are surprisingly, countries from notre dame theology dissertations, developing economies. China is an essay considered the most attractive investment location by 52 per cent of respondents followed by India with 41 per cent (Fig. 12.1).

India’s high ranking is over considered to be even more remarkable given the fact that FDI inflows to India have been modest until recently. The US is the only developed country in the top five investment locations. Although, Germany, UK, and an essay on man analysis by line, Australia could make it into the top 10, traditionally important FDI destinations, such as Canada, France, the Netherlands, and and men, Italy were not included. This implies that TNCs expect investors to move away from established FDI locations, which often have saturated markets and high production costs, towards emerging economies that are often more dynamic. An Essay On Man Analysis By Line. The overall trend in your FDI inflows in analysis recent years in developing countries is taking the lead in global FDI recovery. As indicated in Exhibit 12.1, India has emerged as a hot investment destination.

Leading global firms from a variety of industrial sectors, including IT, telecom, and automobile have not only made substantial investment in India but also plan to commit significant resources in the future too. Essay # 7. Negative Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): In most countries, public opinion towards foreign enterprises is not very favourable and FDI is feared due to its impact on domestic firms, the essays over economy, and an essay on man analysis, culture. The major concerns about the negative aspects of FDI are as follows: Multinational enterprises (MNEs) are far more advanced than domestic companies, owing to their large size and financial power. In some sectors, this is leading to MNE monopolies, thus impeding the entry of domestic enterprises and harming consumers. MNEs’ ability to operate at a large scale and invest heavily in marketing and advertising and RD activities differentiate their products and makes entry of new firms far more difficult as they are unable to moving from, make similar investments in on man line RD and marketing strategies. (ii) Crowding-out and notre theology dissertations, unemployment effects: FDI tends to discourage entry and stimulates exit of domestic entrepreneurs, often termed as the crowding-out effect.

As FDI enterprises are often less labour intensive, their entry results in higher unemployment and increased social instability. MNEs often function in a way that doesn’t result in technology- sharing or technology-transfer, thereby making local firms technologically dependent or technologically less self-reliant. Foreign investors import their inputs and use the host country as a processing base, with little value-added earnings in an essay analysis line by line the host country. A large proportion of resume nyc their profits may be repatriated. Large foreign investors often bribe government officials and on man, distort market forces. With MNEs holding a dominant position in sensitive industries, such as telecommunications, and questions, the supply of core equipment and an essay on man analysis, software for and men imagery, the information technology (IT) industry, there is a danger that the strategic interests of the host country may be compromised. Essay # 8. Types of an essay on man analysis Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Foreign direct investment may be classified under various heads depending upon notre dame dissertations, the criteria used.

Major types of FDI are discussed here: (i) On the Basis of Direction of Investment: Foreign firms taking control over domestic assets is termed as inward FDI. From an Indian perspective, direct investments made by foreign firms, such as Suzuki, Honda, LG, Samsung, General Motors, Electrolux, etc., in India are examples of inward FDI. Domestic firms investing overseas and taking control over foreign assets is known as outward FDI. Such outward FDI is also known as Direct Investment Abroad (DIA). From the Indian point of view, direct investments overseas by Indian firms, such as Tata Motors, Infosys, Videocon, ONGC, Ranbaxy, etc., are illustrations of an essay line outward FDI. (ii) On the Basis of Types of Activity: When a firm invests in a foreign country in similar production activity as carried out in dame theology home country, it is termed as horizontal FDI. Thus, horizontal FDI occurs when the multinational undertakes the same production activities in multiple countries. Horizontal FDI enables the investing firm to exploit its competitive advantage in the host country. On Man Analysis Line By Line. Multinational firms from both developed and developing countries use horizontal FDI to and men imagery essay, establish their competitive advantage abroad.

A number of MNEs, such as Coke, Pepsi, Kodak, HSBC, LG, Samsung, etc., expanded internationally by way of horizontal FDI. Direct investment in an essay analysis by line industries abroad so as to either provide inputs for the firm’s domestic operations or sell its domestic outputs overseas is termed as vertical FDI. Thus, vertical FDI takes place when the essays over the glass multinational fragments the production process internationally, locating each stage of production in the country where it can be done at the least cost. A firm gains control over various stages of the value chain from sourcing raw materials to manufacturing and to marketing. The MNEs fragment their production activities geographically on the basis of factor intensities in vertical FDI. Backward vertical FDI: Direct investment overseas aimed at providing inputs for the firm’s production processes in the home country is termed as backward vertical FDI (Exhibit 12.2). An Essay By Line. Such FDI is historically common in extractive industries, such as mining (gold, copper, tin, bauxite mining, and petroleum extraction).

Companies like British Petroleum and Shell have expanded their international business by backward vertical FDI. Forward vertical FDI: Direct investment in a foreign country aimed to sell the notre theology output of the firm’s domestic production processes is line by line referred to as forward vertical FDI. Setting up a marketing network, assembly, or mixing operations overseas are illustrations of forward vertical FDI. Direct investment overseas aimed at imagery essay, manufacturing products not manufactured by the firm in the home country is termed as conglomerate FDI. (iii) On the Basis of Investment Objectives: In order to gain privileged access to resources vis-a-vis competitors, MNEs invest in countries with availability of natural resources. This ensures the MNE of on man analysis stability of raw material supply at right prices. The major economic determinants for resource seeking FDI include: i. Availability of raw material.

ii. Complementary factors of production. iii. Physical infrastructure. When resource-abundant countries lack capital and necessary technical skills for resource extractions, such FDI is favored. When host countries are no longer constrained with the availability of capital and technical skills and resume nyc, are able to set up competitive indigenous enterprises, FDI gives way to non-equity arrangements and arm’s-length trade relations. Historically, resource-seeking FDI has been very important but its significance has declined considerably over time. However, resource-seeking FDI still remains extremely important for investing in developing countries.

Such types of MNEs are common in sectors, such as oil, agro-processing, metals like steel, copper, bauxite, etc. Moreover, resource-seeking FDI is also preferred for production of labour-intensive goods. For instance, naturally occurring soda ash in Kenya reduces the by line cost of production by half for chemical industries. Cheap gas in Trinidad and Tobago considerably brings down the cost of steel production. Morocco is an investment destination for Tata Chemicals because the country holds 60 per cent of the world’s phosphate resources. MNEs invest in countries with sizeable market and over, growth opportunities in order to protect existing markets, counteract competitors, and to preclude rivals or potential rivals from gaining new markets.

Investing in other countries helps the investing firm to on man by line, reduce transaction costs, improve buyer understanding by bringing it closer to the target markets, and overcome a number of regulatory controls in the host country. The major economic determinants of market-seeking FDI include: ii. Market growth. iii. Regional integration. Market-seeking FDI are often favoured by MNEs in a large number of essays durable and non-durable consumer goods, such as automobiles, computers, processed foods, cigarettes, etc.

A firm may strategically opt for efficiency-seeking FDI as a part of an essay on man line regional or global product rationalization and/or to questions 1920s, gain advantages of process specialization. Efficiency-seeking FDI provides the analysis line by line investing firm not only access to markets but also economies of scope, geographical diversification, and position essay, international sourcing of inputs. The major economic determinants of efficiency seeking FDI include: i. Productivity adjusted labour costs. ii. Availability of skilled labour. iii. Availability of business related services.

iv. Trade policy. Efficiency-seeking FDI are often favoured in product categories, such as motor vehicles, electrical appliances, business services, etc., besides, in process involving production of consumer electronics, textiles and clothing, and pharmaceuticals. On the basis of entry modes, foreign direct investment may be of the following two types: Investing in creation of new facilities or expansion of existing facilities is termed as Greenfield investment. Firms often enter international markets by way of Greenfield investments in industries where technological skills and an essay line, production technology are the key. Further, the selection of FDI mode is influenced by: i. Institutional factors. ii.

Cultural factors. iii. Transactional cost factors. Particularly, the attitude towards takeovers, conditions in capital markets, liberalization policies, privatization, regional integration, current sales, and the role played by intermediaries, such as investment bankers affect the mode of direct investment abroad. Investment promotion by host countries aims at investment in essay new greenfield ventures as it is viewed to generate economic benefits.

In developing countries where the analysis by line right types of companies are not available for acquisition, Greenfield operations are the preferred mode of FDI. Mergers and acquisitions : For establishing overseas production facilities, mergers and acquisitions (MAs) are crucial tools for a firm’s internationalization strategy. MAs have become an increasingly popular mode of investment among firms worldwide in order to enhance their competitiveness so as to consolidate, protect, and advance their position by resume nyc acquiring companies internationally. It is estimated that about 70-80 per cent of FDI are in on man analysis line by line the form of MAs. In developed countries with large number of competing firms, MAs serve as principal source of notre dame theology FDI.

However, an MNE has to make Greenfield investments in developing and least developed countries where the right type of target firms are not available for acquisition. The value of India’s total cross-border deals, both inbound and outbound, increased significantly by on man analysis 409 per cent from US$9.5 billion in 2005 to US$48 billion in 2007 but declined to US$25.63 billion in 2008. The value of inbound deals increased by notre dame dissertations 200 per cent from US$5.1 billion in 2005 to US$15.5 billion in 2007 whereas the outbound deals during the same period increased rapidly by 662 per cent from US$4.3 billion to US$32.8 billion. However, both inbound and outbound deals declined^ to US$12.48 billion and US$13.15 billion, respectively in 2008. The major foreign MNEs acquiring Indian firms during 2005 to an essay on man analysis by line, 2007 included Vodafone, Maxis Communication and Apollo, Vendanta Resources, Mylan Laboratories, Mittal Investments, Citigroup, Oracle, Holcim and Matsushita Electric Works Ltd (Table 12.1) whereas major overseas acquisitions by of mice and men essay Indian firms included that of an essay on man analysis line by line Tata Steel, Hindalco, Suzlon, Essar Steel Holdings, Great Offshore, United Spirits, Tata Power, Tata Chemicals, J SW Steel Limited, Wipro Technologies, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, and Suzlon Energy (Table 12.2).

The most attractive returns from mergers occur where scale economies can be achieved, which means essentially buying consolidation among peer companies. India is likely to witness a relatively large volume of the glass menagerie horizontal combinations where companies buy their peers. An acquisition may be termed as a ‘hostile takeover’ when it is resisted by the target firm’s management and board of directors. Such takeover attempts are strongly resisted by the target firm. In order to prevent the acquiring firm from such takeovers the target firm often resorts to use of ‘poison pills’ by increasing the cost of negative items as a strategic option, as discussed in Exhibit 12.3. However, the acquiring firm may raise the attractiveness of its offer, through a ‘sweetener’ to effectively counter the target firm’s resistance.

Investment by foreign firms in the manufacturing sector is termed as industrial FDI. Major objectives of FDI in the manufacturing sector include: i. To achieve cost efficiencies by way of taking advantage of availability of raw material inputs and manpower at cheaper costs. Savings in costs of logistics due to proximity to inputs, markets, or both, results into analysis by line, cost reduction. ii. To bypass trade barriers such as high import tariffs and other import restrictions. iii. To be closer to theology, the markets and serve them more efficiently.

iv. To have physical presence due to strategic reasons. Investment by a foreign firm in services sector is termed as non-industrial FDI. The major reasons for non-industrial FDI are: i. As services are non-tradable, FDI becomes a strategic option to enter international markets. ii. To overcome regulatory obstacles. iii. To create regular contact with the customer. (vi) On the an essay analysis line Basis of Strategic Modes: In response to trade barriers of the of mice and men essay host country, such as import restrictions and prohibitive tariff structure, FDI is made a substitute for exports.

It is aimed to serve the target market and its surroundings effectively. Line. Entry mode for such types of FDI is essay typically through MAs. An Essay On Man. Countries with high per capita income are generally targeted for export replacement FDI. In order to cover letter moving from academia, minimize a firm’s cost of on man analysis production and distribution, FDI is made so as to utilize the cover letter academia to industry target country to on man analysis line, serve the essay america global markets. Analysis Line By Line. The competitive advantage and the incentives offered by determining your position the host country plays a crucial role in attracting such FDI. An Essay Analysis By Line. Greenfield investment is often the mode of entry in such target markets as these have relatively low per capita income. Firms invest in foreign countries so as to use the target as a base to serve investors’ home country.

The basic objective of firms in this kind of determining paper essay FDI is to obtain cheap inputs to support home production. Bilateral trade agreements play an important role in on man FDIs to promote substitutions. Firms generally target countries with middle to high per resume nyc capita income, using the Greenfield operations as the an essay on man analysis line entry mode. Essay # 9. Theories of Foreign Direct Investment: Most trade theories fail to explain why a firm invests in foreign countries in unfamiliar environments, making its operations much more complex, difficult to manage and, therefore, running additional risks. An FDI theory should help one conceptualize answers to typical ‘W and ‘H’ questions such as: Who is the investor? A domestic or a foreign investor, an letter moving from academia established multinational company, or a little known new firm. What kind of an essay line by line investment is to be made? Whether it is Greenfield or merger or acquisition?

Whether the investment is determining your perfect paper first-time or sequential? Why should the firm go abroad? Reasons for internationalization, such as scale or scope economies, cost reduction, increased profitability, or strategic reasons for making the investment. An Essay On Man. The firm has to your perfect position, carry out an essay on man by line analysis of socio-cultural, political, and economic factors before deciding upon the selection of essays over host country for investment. The timing of on man analysis line investment decisions in view of product lifecycle stages, maturity of the market, and firm’s resource availability. How to internationalize? In view of various modes of international business expansion, the firm has to select the best suited entry mode.

Principal theories of international investment that address one or more of your perfect position paper these issues are discussed here. The earlier theories were based on the belief that FDI takes place due to differences in the rates of return on capital across countries. Capital is likely to be attracted to markets that offer higher returns as long as there are differences in interest rates or prices between markets. These theories were based on the assumption that markets were perfectly competitive and firms invest overseas as a form of factor movement to benefit from differential profits. The theory of capital arbitrage is more suitable for foreign portfolio investments where the returns on capital are crucial in the short term.

A firm has long-term interest in FDI, a variety of multiple factors influence the investment decision, besides higher rate of return. Therefore, the by line scope of determining your perfect position capital arbitrage theory is limited to providing a broad explanation of FDI. Factors that inhibit markets from an essay analysis line, working perfectly are known as market imperfections. Government policies, including import restrictions and quotas, incentives on exports and FDI, tax regimes, restrictions on FDI, and government’s participation in trade are some of the cover letter academia examples of government intervention that create market imperfections. The basic objective of such restrictive measures is to promote a country’s industrial development and by line, manage the balance of trade. Most developing countries often practice the import substitution strategy by restricting imports and promoting domestic production of less competitive indigenous firms. However, developed countries are in no way behind in protecting their domestic industries by providing huge subsidies and incentives to domestic producers, besides using a variety of ever-evolving non- tariff barriers to restrict entry to notre theology dissertations, their markets. A combination of all these factors contributes to imperfections in the international markets.

Such market imperfections make exporting both restrictive and expensive. In order to access restrictive markets with market imperfections, FDI is an essay on man often employed as a strategic tool for international business expansion. FDI effectively bypasses the trade restrictions, such as prohibitive import tariffs and quotas. MNEs tend to exploit market imperfections created by the host country governments by direct investment overseas. Such protectionist measures decreased profitability of exporting automobiles from Japan to letter moving from, Europe and increased profitability of FDI to cater to the market.

This explains establishment of manufacturing operations by analysis by line Japanese automobile majors in Europe and the US. It is important to understand that it is the mobility of capital and immobility of low- cost labour that makes FDI a preferred tool to access foreign markets. Firms often take advantage of market imperfections, such as economies of scale and scope, cost advantages, product differentiations, technical, managerial or marketing know-how, financial strengths, etc., by cover letter moving from way of investing abroad. A firm expands internationally in order to exploit its specific advantage or core competence in foreign markets. Analysis By Line. When the know-how, technology, skills, or trade secrets available with the firm are crucial to resume nyc, a firm’s competitive advantage, it needs to protect such knowledge base within the organization.

Since arm’s-length collaborative strategies, such as management contract and licensing do not provide complete protection to the specific know-how possessed by the firm, internalization is often preferred so that trade secrets remain within the organization. Therefore, a firm expands into an essay on man, international markets by way of investing in a foreign country in order to have control over its overseas operations. An MNE is believed to possess monopolistic advantage, which enables it to operate overseas more profitably and and men essay, compete with local firms. The benefit possessed by the firm that maintains its monopolistic power in the market is an essay analysis line termed as monopolistic advantage. For a firm to invest in theology dissertations physical resources overseas, the following conditions are required: i. The firm should have some additional advantage that outweighs the cost of operating in a foreign country and exposing itself to an alien business environment. ii. The firm can exploit such specific advantage only line by line through control of foreign operations by ownership rather than other low-risk means of market access requiring less commitment of resources such as exporting and licensing. Such an essay advantage specific to on man line by line, the investing firm is also known as firm specific advantage (FSA). It is the monopolistic advantages such as ‘superior knowledge’ and ‘economies of scale’ not possessed by competing firms that justify investment in physical capital overseas. (v) International Product Life Cycle Theory : The international product life cycle (IPLC) theory developed by Raymond Vernon provides an explanation as to why production locations are shifted across countries. Although the theory was developed in the American context, it can be extended to other countries too.

A firm gains monopolistic advantage by innovation of a product or process technology and markets the product domestically or in overseas markets through exports. The product is notre initially manufactured in the country of innovation even though the cost of production in other countries may be lower. Subsequently, in an essay analysis by line the growth phase of the product life cycle, when the product becomes standardized, the innovating firm takes advantage of essays over menagerie lower cost of manufacturing abroad, and starts investing in other countries to create its own manufacturing facilities. The theory suggests that an MNE prefers those countries for investment as manufacturing locations that have market size large enough to support local production. In the on man line growth phase of product life cycle, the FDI is made to other high income countries to shift production with sizeable market. In the maturity stage, technology becomes available to the competitors, the competition intensifies, and the innovating firm shifts production from the country of initial FDI to other lower-cost locations.

As a result, the products manufactured in overseas locations become more cost-competitive vis-a-vis those manufactured in the home country and the foreign-based subsidiaries become not only more competitive to serve overseas markets but their production is also imported into the innovating country even to serve its domestic market. IPLC theory is valid for both trade and investment and provides a dependable explanation about trade patterns and investment. The theory explains why firms undertake FDI in countries with low production costs and cover letter from academia, considerable demand to support local production. However, the on man line IPLC theory does not touch upon essay, the reasons for undertaking international investment rather than exporting or licensing, which are low cost alternatives for international business expansion. An Essay On Man Analysis Line By Line. The theory applies mainly to industrial FDI in essay manufacturing sector. It is generally relevant to large firms with innovating capabilities.

The IPLC theory ignores revenue as it is too cost-oriented. On Man. Further, it does not discuss opportunities when FDI is more profitable. The eclectic theory (OLI Paradigm) is a blend of macroeconomic theory of international trade (L) and micro-economic theories of the firm (O I). As suggested by the eclectic theory, the resume nyc extent and pattern of FDI are determined by a combination of three factors as discussed here. For the investing firm to analysis, be profitable overseas, it needs to possess some core competencies or specific advantages not shared by its competitors. Such advantages, internal to a specific firm, are termed as FSAs or ownership (O) factor. Such advantages should enable the firm either to have a lower marginal cost or higher marginal returns vis-a-vis its competitors so as to enable it to moving from academia to industry, reap more profits from overseas investment. An MNE possesses firm-specific advantages, such as: i. Intangible assets, such as technology, knowledge, information and specific entrepreneurial, technical, managerial, and marketing skills. ii.

Tangible assets, such as natural resources, capital, and an essay analysis, manpower. iii. Essays Over Menagerie. Size economy Due to large size of MNEs they often enjoy economies of an essay on man line by line scale and scope, access to finance within the MNE, benefits emanating from diversifi­cation of assets and risks spread. iv. Monopolistic advantage An MNE may benefit from its monopolistic ownership of scarce natural endowments, privileged access to raw materials, ownership of patent rights, and other inputs. Since an MNE is required to of mice imagery essay, have its operations in foreign countries, it has to incur additional costs due to: i. Psychic distance because of differences in socio-cultural environment of the host country. ii. Unfamiliarity with the host country’s market conditions.

iii. Differences in legal, political, economic environment, and institutional framework. iv. Increased expenses of operation and communication in a foreign country due to an essay analysis by line, geographical difference. As the indigenous firm in the host country is dame dissertations not required to incur the above costs, the ‘costs of foreignness’ are specific to line by line, foreign firms. Therefore, in order to operate profitably and to remain in a foreign market, an MNE has to poises firm-specific advantages that either lower its operational costs or earn higher revenue. The locational (L) advantage or factor of a host country is the key determinant to notre, its relative attractiveness as an investment destination. The major country-specific advantages can be as follows: Availability of factor endowments, availability of raw materials and other inputs, productivity and costs of inputs, market size and its growth, cost of logistics, efficacy, and cost of communication channels. Familiarity of operational environment, socio-cultural similarity, language, low psychic distance between the on man line firm’s home country and the host country. The host country government’s attitudes and policies towards foreign firms and investment, incentives to resume nyc, promote FDI, continuity of economic policies, and the stability of the government.

An MNE would, therefore, typically prefer countries with large market size and high rate of market growth, adequate and low cost availability of raw material, inputs and manpower, socio-cultural proximity, economic and political stability. The internalization factor : The internalization (I) factor explains the entry mode used by an MNE to access international markets. The core competencies or specific knowledge and an essay analysis by line, know-how possessed by the firm form the basis of economic gains. A firm may transfer its know- how to an unrelated firm in a foreign country by way of licensing and determining your position paper essay, thus earn profits. A firm attempts to internalize its operations: i. To protect its proprietary knowledge from competitors. ii. To create and maintain monopolistic or oligopolistic power in the market by placing entry barriers to its competitors, forming cartels, predatory pricing, cross- subsidizing among its international operations, etc. iii. To protect itself against market uncertainties.

Thus, the internalization advantages explain why an MNE opts for wholly owned subsidiaries rather than licensing or minority ownership for accessing foreign markets. Internalization helps a firm lessen the incidences of market failure. The eclectic framework distinguishes between two types of market failures: Endemic market failure: Such market failure occurs due to natural market imperfections, such as unfamiliarity with markets or lack of market knowledge, the incidence of transaction costs in on man analysis line by line external markets, interdependence on demand and supply, uncertainty and risks, etc. Structural market failure: Endogenous market imperfections created by an MNE so as to exploit its oligopolistic power are termed as structural market failures. MNEs are often involved in creating entry barriers for competitors, abusing their bargaining power due to their sheer size and financial strength, cross-subsidization, predatory pricing, and price discrimination. Besides, MNEs indulge in arbitraging government-imposed market regulations, such as tariffs and non-tariff barriers, differentiation in taxation regimes, etc., that create exogenous market imperfections.

MNEs are often criticized for adopting unfair practices, such as transfer pricing and essays, under-invoicing, through their affiliates for on man analysis, their own advantage so as to bypass high tariffs and the taxation differences among various countries. Thus, MNEs effectively arbitrage structural market imperfections through internalization, accumulating tariff and after-tax profits much higher than those of unrelated firms engaged in arm’s-length transactions. While enjoying these benefits of 1920s internalization, an MNE has to incur various costs too—those of running large-scale vertically and horizontally integrated international businesses. The MNE is required to expend huge amount of financial resources in managing the mammoth organization spread across many countries, often known as governance cost. Multinational firms are often required to invest substantial resources in acquiring know-how or technological competence while entering into an essay on man analysis line, unrelated lines of business. The eclectic theory provides the most comprehensive explanation of FDI, integrating firm-specific (O), location-specific (L), and internalization (I) advantages. It logically examines the resume nyc reasons for investing overseas, the selection of country location for investment, and the cost-benefit analysis for selecting the mode of on man line international expansion in essays over the glass menagerie a holistic manner. In the past decade, the US software firms have increasingly utilized the low-cost IT labour force in India.

Companies wishing to capture the an essay line by line benefits of outsourcing can engage in contracting (hiring an Indian contracting company to perform the service) or foreign direct investment (opening an Indian subsidiary and hiring Indian employees). Modern FDI theories predict that Indian software outsourcing should occur primarily in the form of FDI. However, contrary to FDI theories, many US and European companies are hiring Indian software contracting companies in of mice and men essay order to an essay line by line, use the low-cost Indian IT labour force. Hybrid model suggests that contracting companies provide their clients with a combination of the advantages of both FDI and contracting. The amount of FDI undertaken over a given time period (for example, a year) is termed as the flow of FDI.

If the investment is made by resume nyc a foreign firm in a country, it is on man line by line termed as inflow of FDI whereas investment made overseas is termed as outflow of FDI. The total accumulated value of foreign owned assets at a given time is termed as stock of FDI. FDI comprises equity capital and re invested earnings as per determining your position essay IMF norms. Besides, capacity expansions financed by analysis line by line firms of foreign origin as well as short-term or long-term loans that form part of original packages are also treated as FDI. There has been significant growth in FDI over the years. Globally, FDI inflows increased from US$742143 million in 2004 to US$1305852 million in resume nyc 2006 whereas FDI outflows rose from US$877301 million in 2004 to US$1215789 million in 2006. International macroeconomic factors, such as general economic slump and security concerns adversely affected FDI. This growth reflected increased flows to developing countries as well as to South East Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) which more than offset the decline in by line flows to developed countries. Between 2006 and 2007, FDI inflow’ to Netherlands exhibited the highest growth by 2285 per cent from dame theology, US$4.4 billion in 2006 to analysis line by line, US$104.2 in 2007 followed by the US (30.3%), Czech Republic (27.3%), and the UK (22.6%) among the developed economies whereas among the developing economies, Brazil witnessed the highest growth of FDI inflows at 99.3 per cent, followed by Mexico (92.9%), Chile (92.2%), and resume nyc, Singapore (52.6%) (Table 12.3).

The Russian Federation witnessed an impressive FDI inflow growth of an essay analysis 70.3 per cent whereas FDI declined by 9.4 per cent for India and 3.1 per essay cent for on man analysis by line, China. While developed countries remain the major source of perfect position paper FDI, outflows from developing countries have also risen, from a negligible amount in the early 1980s to US$83 billion in 2004. The outward FDI stock from developing countries reached more than US$ 1 trillion in 2004, with a share of an essay on man line by line 11 per cent in world stock. Developing countries are beginning to recognize the america significance of foreign investment in order to achieve their firms’ competitiveness and for enhancing their economic growth. It is important to understand that the government policies in developing countries were restrictive and paid little attention to outward investment. Moreover, the ratio of FDI outflows to gross capital formation was 25 per cent for Singapore in an essay on man analysis line 2002-04 compared to 8 per cent for the US. A number of firms from developing countries have also used MAs as strategic tools for global business expansion during the last few years. The global FDI increased faster than world trade and world output. There had been considerable debate across the world to reduce barriers to essays over the glass menagerie, cross-border trade. Multilateral organizations, primarily the GATT and subsequently the WTO, worked to reduce the trade barriers. As a result, there had been significant reduction in tariffs and non-tariff barriers, such as quota systems, which got eliminated from most countries.

However, countries do exercise innovative barriers and an essay on man by line, firms often use FDI as a tool to circumvent protectionist measures. FDI by Japanese automobile companies in Europe, the resume nyc US, and an essay on man analysis line, some other countries was primarily aimed to circumvent their trade protectionist measures. Rapid globalization in the last decade accelerated cross- border investments. Greenfield foreign direct investment increased from 5656 projects in 2002 to 9796 projects in 2004. Developing and transition (South East Europe and CIS) economies attracted a larger number of Greenfield investment than developed countries. Greenfield investment is the key driver behind the and men imagery essay FDI recovery during the an essay recent years. And Men Imagery. This illustrates the tendency of developing countries to receive more FDI through Greenfield projects than through MAs. China and on man by line, India attracted significant number of Greenfield FDI projects, together accounting for nearly half of the total number in the developing countries. Recent liberalization measures in India and strong economic growth in of mice and men imagery China, combined with increased liberalization after its accession to analysis, WTO, contributed to this trend. The services sector accounted for three-fifth of all Greenfield projects in the world.

However, the FDI surge in 2005 is mainly attributed to increase in essay 1920s america cross-border MAs. Global MAs increased by 40 per cent to an essay on man analysis line by line, US$2.9 trillion whereas Greenfield projects marginally dropped in 2005. China, India, and the UK received highest number of Greenfield projects during the year. It has been observed that: i. The increase in share of MAs in the total FDI is adversely affecting greenfield FDI. ii. The growing trend of MAs is leading to creation of dame oligopolistic world, especially in case of strategic industries. iii. MAs severely affects survival of indigenous firms and industries from developing countries and they need to an essay on man by line, be more watchful. FDI is mainly financed by MNEs through:

The foreign direct investor’s purchase of share of an enterprise in a country other than its own. Short- or long-term borrowings and lending of funds between direct investors, i.e., parent enterprises and affiliate enterprises. The direct investor’s share (in proportion to direct equity participation) of earnings not distributed as dividends by affiliates, or earnings not remitted to the direct investor. Such retained profits by affiliates are reinvested. Among various FDI financing options, equity capital is the largest component. Its worldwide share in total world FDI inflows fluctuated between 58 per cent and 71 per essay america cent, during 1995-2004. The intra-company loans accounted for 23 per on man analysis by line cent and re-invested earnings for questions 1920s, 12 per cent of the world FDI inflows during the same period.

The later two components are also much less s. In 2001, the share of reinvested earnings in FDI financing reached a low of 2 per cent of worldwide FDI whereas the equity capital registered a higher share. However, in 2007 re invested earnings accounted for about 30 per cent of worldwide FDI flows. For carrying out cross-country comparison of FDI performance and FDI potential, the UNCTAD’s FDI performance and analysis by line, potential indices serve as useful tools. Inward FDI performance index : It is a measure of the of mice extent to which a host economy receives inward FDI compared to the relative size of its economy. It is calculated as the on man analysis line ratio of a country’s share in global FDI inflows to its share in america global GDP. IND i = The inward FDI performance index of the i th country. FDI i = The FDI inflows in the i th country. FDI w = World FDI inflows. GDP i = GDP in line the i th country.

A value greater than ‘one’ indicates that the country receives more FDI compared to its relative economic size, a value below one that it receives less, a negative value means that foreign investors disinvest in that period. Thus, the questions america index captures the influence of an essay on man line FDI on factors other than market size, assuming that, other things being equal, size is the ‘baseline’ for resume nyc, attracting investments. These other factors can be diverse, ranging from the business climate, economic, and political stability, the presence of natural resources, infrastructure, skills, and an essay on man analysis line by line, tech­nologies, to opportunities for participating in privatization or the effectiveness of paper essay FDI promotion. The countries with top inward FDI Performance Index in on man analysis by line 2006 included Luxembourg, Hong Kong, China, Suriname, Iceland, Singapore Malta, Bulgaria, Jordan, Estonia, and Belgium. Questions. The inward FDI performance index improved in 2004 for on man analysis by line, developing countries as well as transition economies of South East Europe and the CIS. The improvement had been remarkable in South, East, and Southeast Asia.

However, it worsened in developed countries compared to 2003. For instance, the US where the FDI inflows rose by 69 per cent in cover moving from academia 2004 had a lower performance index and ranked 114th out of an essay analysis line 140 countries of the world due to its lower FDI flows in 2002-03. India’s ranking for inward FDI index declined considerably from 98th in 1990 to 120th in 2000. However, it increased subsequently to 121st in questions 2005 but declined later to 113th in 2006. Outward FDI performance index : Performance in FDI outflows relating to on man, the size of economies is measured by outward FDI performance index. It is calculated as the ratio of a country’s share in global FDI outflows to its share in essay questions 1920s the world GDP. OND i = The outward FDI performance index of the i th country.

FDI i = The FDI outflows in the i th country. FDI w = World FDI outflows. GDP i = GDP in an essay line the i th country. The differences in the index values among countries reflect differences in these two sets of cover letter moving from academia factors determining outward FDI by Trans-national Companies (TNCs) headquartered in different countries: i. ‘Ownership advantages’, or firm-specific competitive strengths of TNCs (such as innovation, brand names, managerial and organizational skills, access to on man, information, financial or natural resources, and size and network advantages) that they are exploiting abroad or wish to augment through foreign expansion. ii. ‘Location factors’, which reflect primarily economic factors conducive to menagerie, the production of different goods and services in home and host economies, such as relative market size, production or transport costs, skills, supply chains, infrastructure, and technology supply. Driven by the competitive pressures of globalization of world economy, both these factors work together and on man analysis line by line, lead a firm to invest abroad by establishing foreign affiliates. These affiliates then become a source of competitive strength for their respective corporate networks. The leading investor economies, in your perfect position paper term of outward FDI performance index include Iceland, Hong Kong, China, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands, Panama, Ireland, Azerbaijan, and Bahrain. India’s ranking in outward FDI performance index improved considerably from 94th in 2000 to 65th in 2005 but declined later to 56th in on man analysis by line 2006. Inward FDI potential index : The inward FDI potential index reflects the resume nyc stability of by line structure variables comprising the index.

It is based on 12 economic and structural variables measured by determining their respective scores on a range of 0-1. It is the un-weighted average of on man line by line scores based on: a. GDP per capita. b. Resume Nyc. The rate of growth of GDP. c. The share of exports in GDP. d. Telecom infrastructure. e. Commercial energy use per capita. f. The share of RD expenditures in gross national income.

g. The share of analysis tertiary students in the population. i. Exports of natural resources as a percentage of the world total. j. Imports of parts and components of electronics and automobiles as a percentage of the world total. k. Exports in services as a percentage of the world total. l. Inward FDI stock as a percentage of the world total. The top economies by inward FDI potential index in 2006 include the essays menagerie US, Singapore, the UK, Canada, Luxembourg, Germany, Qatar, Sweden, Norway, and Hong Kong (China). Cross-country comparison of FDI performance vs. An Essay Line. potential Indices : A comparison of rankings by the FDI potential index with those of FDI performance index gives an indication of how each country performs against its potential. Countries in the world can be divided in four categories so as to draw up a four-fold matrix as shown in Exhibit 12.4. Countries with high FDI potential and resume nyc, performance.

Countries with low FDI potential but strong FDI performance. Countries with high FDI potential but low FDI performance. Countries with both low FDI potential and performance. India falls in the category of an essay analysis line by line under performer with both low FDI potential and performance. Therefore, there is a lot of scope for enhancing both performance as well as potential.

The concern for below potential countries is how they could raise their FDI performance to match their potential whereas the above potential countries need to continuously strive so as to sustain their FDI performance at levels comparable with those of past while addressing their structural problems. Essay # 11. And Men Imagery. Policy Framework to Promote Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Attracting foreign direct investment has become a key part of national development strategies for most countries. Such investments are often viewed to augment domestic capital, employment, and on man by line, productivity, leading to economic growth. Despite its positive effects, FDI is over also blamed for crowding out an essay on man analysis by line domestic investments and lowering certain regulatory standards. Notre Dame. The impact of FDI depends on many conditions. Line By Line. However, well developed and implemented policies can help maximize gains from FDI. Although FDI is believed to play a positive role in achieving sustainable development, it does not, however, automatically lead to from to industry, environmentally and an essay on man by line, socially beneficial outcomes. The nature and extent of these outcomes are critically affected by market conditions, and thus the regulatory framework, within which the investment takes place. Investment promotion by host countries is broadly made through three different ‘generation’ policies, which are discussed as follows:

First generation policies the liberalization of cover academia to industry FDI flows and the opening up of sectors to on man analysis, foreign investors. Second generation policies the marketing of countries as locations for FDI and the setting up of national investment promotion agencies. Third generation policies the targeting of foreign investors at cover letter moving academia to industry, the level of industries and clusters, and the marketing of regions and clusters with the aim of matching the locational advantages of countries with the needs of foreign investors. Major regulatory and incentives measures for FDI may be summarized as: i. Screening, admission, and an essay line by line, establishment: a. Of Mice Imagery. Closure of certain sectors, industries, or activities to on man analysis by line, FDI. b. Questions 1920s America. Minimum capital requirements. c. Restrictions on modes of entry. d. Eligibility for bidding on privatization.

e. On Man Analysis Line By Line. Establishment of special zones (such as EPZs/SEZs) for 1920s america, FDI with legislation distinct from that governing the rest of the country. ii. Fiscal incentives: a. An Essay Analysis Line. Reduction in standard corporate income tax rates o Tax holidays. b. Reductions in social security contributions. c. Accelerated depreciation allowances. d. Duty exemptions and drawbacks. e. Export tax exemptions. f. Reduced taxes for expatriates. iii. Financial incentives: a. Investment grants. b. Subsidized credits.

c. Credit guarantees. iv. Other incentives. a. Over. Subsidized service fees (electricity, water, telecommunications, transportation, etc.) b. Subsidized designated infrastructure such as, commercial buildings. c. Preferential access to analysis line by line, government contracts. d. Closure of the market to further entry or granting of cover academia monopoly rights.

v. Performance requirements: a. Line. Protection from import competition. b. Of Mice Essay. Local content requirements (value added) c. Minimum export shares. d. Trade balancing. e. Technology transfer. f. Local equity participation. g. Employment targets. h. RD requirements. More generally, countries typically have a mix of analysis line by line both resource-seeking and efficiency-seeking FDI, reflecting partial reform of their trade regimes, and the political economy of dispensing patronage.

Consequently, most countries follow dual policy regimes. On the basis of cross-country analysis of FDI regimes of six major Asian countries, i.e., India, People’s Republic of China (PRC), Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam, the following observations may be made: i. FDI policy may differ between regions. Three of the six—China, India, and Malaysia—feature rather high levels of decentralized economic policy-making. Thailand has been pursuing a policy of ‘industrial decentralization’ for some time. In all six countries, with the resume nyc exception of Malaysia, economic authority is progressively being devolved away from the centre in varying degrees and at different speeds. ii. There are large inter-industry differences in the degree of protection, and on man analysis line, thus difference in incentive, in all the six countries.

iii. State-owned enterprises (SOEs) typically receive preferential treatment, especially in China, India, and Vietnam, and so do their MNE joint venture partners. iv. Moving From Academia To Industry. Most countries offer some sort of fiscal or financial incentive to foreign investors. These vary by the sales orientation of the foreign investor, the analysis technology introduced by of mice and men imagery the investor, the location of the investment, and by line, other factors. v. The regulatory regime frequently offers more than one entry option for resume nyc, potential foreign investors, especially in recently reformed economies. A critical evaluation of FDI and economic development in India and China, as given in Exhibit 12.5, brings out the differences in their approach to economic development. Essay # 12. Promotion of on man by line Foreign Direct Investment in India(FDI):

The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion is responsible for facilitating and promoting FDI inflows into the country. It plays an active role in paper investment promotion through dissemination of information on investment climate and opportunities in India. The department also advises potential investors about investment policies, procedures, and opportunities. It also helps resolve problems faced by foreign investors in an essay analysis the implementation of their projects through the Foreign Investment Implementation Authority (FIIA) which interacts directly with the essays over the glass investors. In addition, a number of government departments, such as Ministries of Finance, External Affairs, Labour, Environment and Forests, etc., are also involved in the investment process. Exhibit 12.6 summarizes the details of agencies involved in FDI clearances/approvals in India. The policy framework of FDI in India evolved in a phased manner, from the strategy of import substitution soon after independence to progressive liberalization that began in the early 1990s.

The Indian government promotes FDI so as to on man, fuel its development plans with increased investment and derive spin-off benefits. FDI inflows in the development of infrastructure, setting up of Special Economic Zones (SEZs), and technological up gradation of Indian industry through Greenfield operation investments in manufacturing and in from academia to industry projects with high employment potential are encouraged. The FDI policy in India may be summarized as. i. Retail trading (except single brand product retailing) ii. Atomic energy. iii. Lottery business. iv. Gambling and betting sector.

v. Business of chit fund and Nidhi Company. vi. On Man Analysis Line. Plantation except tea. vii. Trading in imagery essay Transferable Development Rights (TDR) viii. Activity/sector not opened to private sector investment. FDI up to 24 per cent allowed : i. Manufacture of an essay on man items reserved for moving academia to industry, small sector up to 24 per cent above which prior government approval is required. FDI up to 26 per cent allowed : i. An Essay Line By Line. FM broadcasting FDI and FII investment up to cover letter academia, 20 per cent with prior government approval. ii. Up-linking a news and current affairs TV channels with prior government approval. iii.

Defence production with prior government approval. iv. Insurance FDI and an essay analysis line, FII under the automatic route. v. Publishing of news papers and periodicals: with prior government approval. FDI up to 49 per cent allowed : a. Setting up hardware facilities, FDI and FII equity with prior government approval. b. Cable network FDI and FII with prior government approval. c. Of Mice Imagery. Direct to Home (DTH) FDI and an essay on man line by line, FII with prior government approval. FDI cannot exceed 20 per cent. ii. Scheduled air transport services under the automatic route.

iii. Commodity exchanges with prior government approval. iv. Credit information companies with prior government approval. v. Refining in case of PSUs with prior government approval. vi. Asset reconstruction companies with prior government approval.

FDI up to 51 per cent allowed : i. Single brand product retailing subject to prior approval. FDI up to 74 per cent allowed : i. Essay. ISP with gateways, radio-paging, and end-to-end bandwidth: 49 per cent under automatic route and beyond 49 per cent with prior government approval. ii. Establishment and on man analysis line by line, operation of satellites: with prior government approval. iii. Private sector banking: FDI and FII under the automatic route. iv. Telecommunications services: Basic, cellular, unified access services, global mobile personal communication services, and other value added telecom services with 49 per cent under the automatic route and beyond 49 per cent with prior gov­ernment approval. v. Non-scheduled air transport services, ground handling services under the automatic route. Foreign direct investment up to 100 per cent allowed with prior government approval subject to conditions: a. Items from small scale sector.

b. Test marketing of items approved for manufacture. ii. Cover Moving. Courier services. iii. Tea sector, including tea plantation subject to divestment of 26 per an essay on man line cent equity in favour of Indian partner/public within five years. iv. ISP without gateway, infrastructure provider, electronic mail, and voice mail: FDI up to 49 per over the glass cent under the automatic route and beyond 49 per cent with prior government approval.

v. Line By Line. Mining and letter from academia, mineral separation of titanium bearing minerals and ores, its value addition and integrated activities. vi. Cigars and cigarettes manufacture. vii. Airports-existing projects with prior government approval beyond 74 per cent. viii.

Up-linking of a non-news and on man analysis by line, current affairs TV channel. ix. Investing companies in infrastructure/ services sector (except telecom sector) x. Publishing of resume nyc scientific magazines, specialty journals and periodicals. Foreign direct investment allowed up to 100 per cent under automatic route: i. Agriculture sector: c) Development of seeds. d) Animal husbandry. g) Services related to agro and allied sectors. ii. Industrial sectors: (a) Covering exploration and mining of diamonds and precious stones, gold, silver, and minerals.

(b) Coal and lignite for an essay analysis, captive consumption. (b) Manufacturing activities: (a) Alcohol distillation and brewing. (b) Coffee and rubber processing and from academia to industry, warehousing. (c) Hazardous chemicals. (d) Industrial explosive—manufacture.

(e) Drugs and pharmaceuticals. (f) Manufacture of telecom equipment. (c) Petroleum sector: (a) Petroleum sector other than refining including market study and formulation; investment/financing; setting-up infrastructure for marketing. (b) Petroleum refining for private companies. (a) Generation (except atomic energy), transmission, distribution, and power trading. i. Special Economic Zones and Free Trade Warehousing Zones. ii. Industrial Parks. iii.

Construction development projects. (a) Civil aviation. i. Airports Greenfield projects. ii. Helicopter/seaplane services. iii. Maintenance and repair organizations, flying and technical training institutes. iv. Air transport services for NRI investment. v. Ground handling services for NRI investment. (b) Non-banking finance companies.

i. Wholesale/cash carry trading. ii. Trading for exports. In sectors/activities not listed above, FDI is permitted up to 100 per on man analysis by line cent through automatic route subject to prevailing rules and regulations applicable. FDI inflows in India have shown a fluctuating trend during the cover from to industry last few years as shown in Table 12.4 and Fig. On Man By Line. 12.2. It increased from US$4029 million in 2000-01 to US$6130 million in 2001-02. However, the moving to industry FDI inflows declined to US$4322 million in 2003-04 but subsequently exhibited a rising trend to US$8,961 million in an essay on man line 2005-06 and thereafter jumped to US$22,079 million 2006-07 and US$29,893 million in 2007-08.

The equity capital accounted for 74.8 per resume nyc cent, whereas re-invested earnings were 21.8 per cent, and other capital for 3.4 per cent of the an essay analysis total FDI inflows in India, as shown in Fig. 12.3 during April 2000 to May 2008. Sector-wise composition of FDI inflows as shown in Fig. 12.4 indicates that services sector received the position highest FDI inflows of US$14,256 million (22%) during April 2000 to May 2008, followed by computer software and hardware US$7,477 million (11.5%), construction activities US$4325 million (6.7%), telecommunications US$4074 million (6.3%), housing and real estate US$3745 million (5.8%), power US$2643 million (4.1%), automobile industry US$2582 million (4.0%), metallurgical industries US$2377 million (3.70/0), petroleum and natural gas US$2007 (3.1%), chemicals US$1519 million (2.3o/o), and others US$19800.3 million (30.6%). Mauritius has been the top investor in India with US$28493 million (40.6%) as shown in Fig. 12.5. followed by the US with US$5327 million (76%), Singapore with US$4973 million (71%), the UK with US$4579 million (6.5%), Netherlands with US$2791 million (4.0%), Japan with US$2151 million (3.1%), Germany with US$1637 million (2.3%), Cyprus with US$1162 million (1.7%), France with US$997 million (1.4%), UAE with US$802 million (1.1%), and others with US$17279 million (24.6%) during April 2000 to May 2008. Foreign Direct investment in Retail Sector : India is the second largest market in the world after China and it fascinates global retailers to invest.

Many international players, such as Wal-Mart, Gap, Ikea, and Tesco already source from India despite FDI restrictions. Wal-Mart, through its buying office in Bangalore, sourced goods worth US$1 billion from India in 2004 and planned to increase this to US$1.5 billion in 2005. The major pros and an essay line, cons of opening up FDI in resume nyc the retail sector are discussed here. i. FDI in retail would benefit the consumer by offering him/her more choice, better services, wider access, easier credit, and a better shopping experience. ii. Modern retailing will benefit local retailing by forcing it to line, re-invent as has been the case in China. iii.

It will lead to higher standards of quality, introduce best practices, provide more skilled employment, and resume nyc, improve tax collection. iv. Foreign direct investment in retail would lead to less wastage of agri-produce due to on man by line, improved food processing techniques and cold storage facilities. v. FDI would involve up gradation of resume nyc infrastructure, logistics, and support services. vi.

It would help Indian products get global recognition. vii. It will help increase the analysis line by line supply of notre dame dissertations processed foods, apparels, and handicrafts. viii. Elimination of multiple middlemen would reduce transaction costs related to on man line, inventory, delivery, and handling. i. FDI in retail would wipe out indigenous mom and pop (kirana) stores as they will not be able to match the standards and services provided by super markets. ii.

The unorganized sector would obviously lose its place and edge in the retail market. iii. Retail FDI would also introduce competitive pricing, forcing a lot of domestic players out of the game. iv. It would reduce employment opportunities by displacing smaller retailers in essays the glass menagerie the unorganized sector, like what has happened in an essay on man analysis by line Thailand. v. It would mean legalizing the predatory practices of the MNC retail chains. vi.

Retail-FDI will promote a ‘standardized’ form of global foreign culture. vii. India’s imports are likely to increase as MNCs will dump their products in India. viii. Since very little investment is required in retailing, foreign players would end up remitting their profits. Allowing FDI in retail sector will considerably affect the over menagerie market structure and the consumers. The government of India opened up FDI up to 51 per cent in retail trade to ‘single brand products’ with effect from 10 February 2006, with prior government permission. There has been considerable debate over the impact of FDI in retail sector. Opening up of the retail sector in China has contributed to growth in labour- intensive manufacturing, as indicated in Exhibit 12.7. In view of the an essay on man line significance of FDI in development process of questions 1920s america host economies, most countries promote FDI pro-actively.

A cross-country analysis of FDI regimes reveals the differences in focus areas and strategies in promoting foreign investment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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Human Resources Dissertation Topics. A dissertation on on man analysis, Human Resources (HR) can encompass a wide range of topics, therefore it is vital to start wide and then focus in on a specific subject area. This can either be presented as a case study approach, which will compare an actual organisation (or organisations) to the literature on the subject, or as study of the contemporary research. Of Mice Imagery Essay! The case study approach adds depth to an essay line, the paper, introducing real life scenarios and how organisations identify and react to of mice and men imagery essay, them. The following are only suggestions of Human Resources Dissertation Topics and can be adapted to meet individual needs and preferences for a Human Resources Management (HRM) dissertation. Theory of Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There are fundamental differences in the approach to Human Resources (HR), for example the ‘hard’ and `soft’ versions of Human Resources Management (HRM). The ‘hard’ version places little emphasis on workers’ concerns and, therefore, within its concept, any judgments of the effectiveness of Human Resources Management would be based on business performance criteria only. In contrast, ‘soft’ Human Resources Management, while also having business performance as its primary concern, would be more likely to an essay line, advocate a parallel concern for workers’ outcomes.

These models of Human Resource theory, will give explanation for the increase in this management practice. It has been defined as “mutual goals, mutual influence, mutual respect, mutual rewards and essays the glass menagerie mutual responsibility”. The ‘psychological contract’ under this unitarist, high commitment model is one of mutuality, but it is a mutuality strictly bounded by the need to operate within an essentially unitary framework. The following are some suggestions within the area of Human Resources (HR) Theory that you could base your human resources dissertation topics on. Comparison of models HR in practice, a modern study Can HR provide all the answers to an essay analysis line, people issues The dark side of HR Trade unions’ place in the organisation HR behind closed doors Can line a manager execute HR policies, or does it dilute the practice? HR as a shared service HR and control practices Taylorism versus HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Challenging HR “The Workers Verdict”

This was a very compelling and powerful article published in determining paper essay 1999 by analysis line by line D Guest in the Human Resources Management journal. Good human resources dissertation topics would be to re-visit this article and essays over the glass then compare this to employee’s current opinion of the intervention. This article claimed Human Resources was another management tool to control the workforce, and in on man analysis line by line the wrong hands would bring back control and command management practices. It questioned the ability of management to acquire the soft skills needed to implement Human Resources in its purist form. Resume Nyc! This article is one of the most damming written on the HR practice, therefore a good dissertation could either conclude after nearly ten years of practice since, practitioners are delivering value for all or the workers verdict of the practice is analysis, still negative. With all the of mice imagery essay, sections there are numerous areas that can be reviewed. Analysis By Line! I have discussed one area and then added suggestions on how to focus the research.

For an individual dissertation paper any controversial or contentious article can be used as a framework to explore the theory within. This can be tested against individual’s feelings, experiences and beliefs. Questions 1920s America! Challenging HR is a subject close to many workers hearts and line by line would make for a compelling human resources management dissertation. Theory in essay 1920s america action (an example and study of the theory in practice). Is the Human Resource valued? Can the HR function always drive change? Outsourcing (can the an essay by line, gate keeper of culture be outsourced?) Outsourcing, what do we do now? Who pushed who out (a decline of the unions with the increase in HR practices). Over The Glass! Employee bargaining power. On Man! Does HR work?

Managing the HR function. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for essay 1920s america only ?39.99. Training and Development of Human Resources Dissertation Topics. Recognition of the importance of Human Resources has increased in recent years; this is a result of competition from overseas economies.

In countries, for an essay analysis line example Japan, Germany and essays the glass menagerie Sweden, investment in employee development is higher than in an essay on man analysis by line the UK. This has led to some organisations reviewing their policies on cover from academia to industry, training, introducing continuous investment in their employees. The latest recession’s impact on business is the credit crunch and analysis by line whether this will have an impact on training and development. Essays The Glass! It is an essay on man analysis by line, well discussed within literature that the “ training budget is first budget cut during hard times”, although theorist do not believe in general that this is the best action for essays over the glass menagerie the Human Resources department, and analysis by line the long term benefits of training outweigh the short term monetary savings. With the credit crunch a year old, an essay 1920s organisation, for example in an essay analysis line financial services, could be studied to see the notre dame dissertations, effect on their training budget. To add context two organisations could be compared, with a small section on their financial performance to test the statement above. Below are some suggestions as to line, how to narrow your human resources dissertation topics on training and of mice and men imagery development down to a specific topic. How do organisations survive economic crisis (from the training and development perspective)? Does training and an essay development really impact on the bottom line? What skills are needed for today’s turbulent climate?

Who trains the trainers? Is training a Panacea? Soft skills, who needs them? Training on a budget. Where now, post disaster survival? Soft versus hard skills. Can poor selection processes be remedied through training and determining position paper essay development?

Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. HR as the last competitive advantage Dissertation Topics. This could be based on simply “If you snooze you lose”. This is a strange statement for Human Resources, but there is so much written in contemporary literature that preaches that Human Resource is the final competitive edge for organisations; therefore those that have not introduced this practice are at a disadvantage.

This paper could compare two organisations, for example one operating a best practice HR policy and the other with little or no HR policies. This would identify what added value there is in best practice Human Resources, and if this adds the same value to all organisations. The organisations for on man analysis line by line the study would need to cover moving, be in on man analysis by line similar markets and employ the same number of employees. Change is endemic, and the Human Resources department should be a forefront of change, driving it though the organisation. Suggested topics you could choose as human resources dissertation topics could include: If you snooze you lose. Keeping up with change, how do organisations cope with change? HR replaced personnel, what can replace HR?

Value, how do you assess the HR value? Why bother, I will catch the of mice and men imagery, next fad. An Essay On Man! A study on an organisation to advise them of their options. A study of change in an organisation. Change for change sake (is new always best?). Benefits of HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and dame theology dissertations impressive.

Human Resources Dissertation Topics for by line only ?39.99. Performance Management Dissertation Topics. Reward systems that are implemented under the umbrella of Human Resources are frequently a tool used to raise commitment, competence and equivalence, and these instruments are extremely cost effective when executed correctly. Of Mice Imagery! Today the individualism of contract gives employees more control on their reward. At the basic level this can motivate, and at the higher level can introduce self-esteem and self worth. Performance reward or incentive pay is an essay analysis line by line, a tool that can be used to set targets and then reward when theses targets are met. Performance management consists of a cycle, consisting of five parts (1) setting of performance objectives (2) measuring the outcomes (3) feedback of results (4) reward linked to the outcomes and (5) amendments to objectives and activities. There are many companies that use performance management strategies, and use them in different ways, giving you different topics to research and companies to compare and contrast.

Some ideas for good human resources dissertation topics are listed below. Is performance management effective? Can skills be increased through performance management? Is it possible to manage all? Can wages be capped through performance management? Do individuals have control over their reward? Upskilling. Reviewing and reacting on results.

Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. A topic area could be the subjectivity of the appraiser. Performance management is widely used to assess employees’ capabilities and to set targets for the next year. The main contentious issues with performance management are the appraisals; they are conducted with the subjectivity of the appraiser, who will often enter the appraisal interview with pre-conceived conclusions of both the appraisee and resume nyc the interview. The gravity of this is immense as it forms the an essay on man, foundations of essay america performance management.

If they are not conducted fairly, there are no beneficial outcomes to either the analysis line, appraisee or the organisation. A paper on the “Subjectivity of the Appraiser” could be based on the theory from psychology and resume nyc management practice, and reviews methods and techniques to reduce bias from the appraisal interview. If you are interested on basing your human resources management dissertation on appraisals, there are some suggested human resources dissertation topics below. Can subjectivity be removed? Halo, what Halo? Was that fair? A comparison. Can I have a pay rise? Are they honest?

360 degree appraisals. Public sector appraisals and the spinal pay reward. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. In theory a motivated worker is a productive worker. Contained within the function of an essay on man analysis all organisations are numerous individual interrelated components (including the human aspect), which have a direct impact on notre theology dissertations, the organisational performance. It is widely recognised that the “human resource” is regarded as the most valuable resource an organisation has. However, this resource does not always receive the attention, respect and the financial recognition to develop, to allow the employees’ full potential to be realised.

The complex relationship between employee and employer has been studied from on man, both a psychological and your perfect paper essay sociological aspect. The findings from both these fields of research have identified four main categories of an essay analysis line by line theories on employees’ motivation. (1) Economic needs of of mice man, money is the motivator for example: Taylorism (2) Social man from the Hawthorne studies: (3) Self actualisation – this extended the results from the Hawthorne studies to by line, include psychological issues: (4) The contingency approach – this identifies that individual motivation is influenced by a number of variables. If you are keen to the glass menagerie, discuss motivation within your dissertation, here are some human resources dissertation topics to get you started. Contemporary versus traditional theory. HR and analysis by line motivation. Motivation and cover letter moving from to industry job satisfaction. Cross organisation comparison, who gets it right?

HRM is a motivator. Link between motivation and performance. Motivation and retention levels. Does motivated work force increase productivity? Motivation versus total reward.

Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and an essay line by line impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Strategic Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There has been a significant rise in the interest of strategic Human Resource Management in the past decade. These contemporary theories on strategic Human Resource Management introduce different levels of essays integration within organisations. Although there are various differences in models, most commentators agree that Strategic Human Resource Management increases the organisation’s value.

With the global economy and an essay on man by line the increase in determining position competition this brings, the an essay on man line, human resource is viewed as the last competitive edge. It is how this resource is managed and menagerie the value that is place on it, that makes a difference between organisations. When the organisational strategy has not considered the implications to the human resource i.e. are there enough trained employees or do we need to on man line by line, employ more, the strategy runs a high risk of failure. Essay Questions! Therefore it is vital to align the human resource with the organisation’s strategy. Strategic HRM lends some interesting human resources dissertation topics for you to discuss. Does HR sit and fit on the board? Future planning or fire fighting? Reactive or proactive? Future planning or justifying role? Can HR be strategic? SHRM, another new fad?

HR driving the organisation. Operations or planning the HR function? Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for an essay line only ?39.99. The underlying assumption is the way “things get done” in the organisation and that individuals know how to behave. When an assumption is broken, it is resume nyc, questioned by members of the organisation. This helps to maintain the culture (Phelan 2005). The culture is significant and important to by line, an organisation and essay questions america its members. For the an essay on man line by line, individual and group member, culture is the “social glue that helps hold the organisation together by providing appropriate standards for what employees should say and do”.

Consequently, the culture will reduce an employee’s uncertainty and anxiety about expected behaviour. This behaviour is individual to the organisation, and is difficult to transfer. The organisation’s culture differentiates it from others, and partly explains why employees are attracted to one employer versus other employers. 1920s! The culture of an organisation can reduce uncertainty and complexity, providing a consistent outlook that its values make possible. This is visible in the decision-making process, co-ordination and control. Excellent leaders are not merely aware of the organisation’s basic assumptions, they also know how to take actions and mould and refine them. To discuss culture in you dissertation, some human resources dissertation topics are suggested below. Gatekeeper or owner? Placing values in the organisation. Line By Line! Culture is the organisation. It’s the way we do it around here.

Inducting new employees into essay, the culture. An Essay On Man Line By Line! Recruiting to imagery essay, change the culture. Analysis! Managing cultural change. Training and culture. Change agent. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics?

Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Over the past few decades the nature and the composition of the questions 1920s america, work force has been changing. There are numerous challenges and opportunities for organisations within the new formation. In reply, diversity management has become an essential component of human resource management (HRM). On Man By Line! Diversity management is a relatively new, but significant area of perfect position paper essay HRM.

This new area of management brings learning and challenges to the individuals that supervise and manage employees. Diversity management does assume different forms and models in practice, but is defined as an organisation’s active investment in the integration, development, and advancement of individuals who collectively represent the work force. When developing an organisational strategy, diversity is placed in the culture, policies, and practices which support respect and line communication, as well as individual, team and organisational performance in a diverse environment. Possible human resources dissertation topics on diversity are: Differences between diversity and discrimination. Managing the notre dame theology, new workforce. Cross national diversity.

Can discrimination be removed? Managing diversity and cultural differences. Training for diversity. The line and diversity. Diverse and on man by line cosmopolitan. The global village.

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