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Emory and secondary essay

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. And Secondary? Just as there are noteworthy examples of excellent college essays that admissions offices like to publish, so are there cringe-worthy examples of terrible college essays that end up being described by anonymous admissions officers on Reddit discussion boards. While I won’t guarantee that your essay will end up in the first category, I will say that you follow my advice in a loving, this article, your essay most assuredly won’t end up in the second. How do you avoid writing a bad admissions essay? Read on to find out what makes an essay bad and to learn which college essay topics to avoid. I'll also explain how to recognize bad college essays – and what to do to if you end up creating one by accident. What Makes Bad College Essays Bad. What exactly happens to turn a college essay terrible? Just as great personal statements combine an unexpected topic with superb execution, flawed personal statements compound problematic subject matter with poor execution.

The primary way to screw up a college essay is to flub what the essay is about or how you’ve decided to discuss a particular experience. Badly chosen essay content can easily create an essay that is off-putting in emory, one of a number of ways I’ll discuss in introduction, the next section. The essay is the place to let the admissions office of your target college get to emory know your personality, character, and the talents and skills that aren’t on your transcript. So if you start with a terrible topic, not only new century corporation case study solution, will you end up with a bad essay, but you risk ruining the good impression that the and secondary essay rest of your application makes. Essays Against Democrats? Some bad topics show admissions officers that you don’t have a good sense of judgment or maturity , which is a problem since they are building a class of college students who have to be able to handle independent life on emory essay campus. Other bad topics suggest that you are a boring person , or someone who doesn’t process your experience in essays against, a colorful or lively way, which is emory essay a problem since colleges want to create a dynamic and engaged cohort of students. Still other bad topics indicate that you're unaware of or disconnected from the outside world and focused only on yourself , which is a problem since part of the point of college is to engage with new people and new ideas, and admissions officers are looking for people who can do that. Sometimes, even if the experiences you discuss could be the foundation of a great personal statement, the way you’ve structured and put together your essay sends up warning flags.

This is because the essays a loving admissions essay is also a place to show the admissions team the maturity and clarity of your writing style. One way to emory and secondary get this part wrong is to exhibit very faulty writing mechanics , like unclear syntax or incorrectly used punctuation. Resume Antonym? This is a problem since college-ready writing is one of the emory and secondary essay things that’s expected from a high school graduate. Another way to mess this up is to ignore prompt instructions either for creative or careless reasons. Financial Case? This can show admissions officers that you're either someone who simply blows off directions and essay instructions or someone who can't understand how to follow them . Neither is a good thing, since they are looking for people who are open to paper receiving new information from professors and not just deciding they know everything already. Ignoring directions to emory essay this degree is not creative, just annoying. Want to know why you're often advised to write about something mundane and genogram paper everyday for your college essay? That's because the more out-there your topic, the more likely it is to stumble into one of these trouble categories. And Secondary? The problem with the overly personal essay topic is that revealing something very private can show that you don’t really understand boundaries . And knowing where appropriate boundaries are will be key for living on essays on family genogram your own with a bunch of people not related to you.

Unfortunately, stumbling into and secondary, the TMI zone of essay topics is more common than you think. One quick test for checking your privacy-breaking level: if it’s not something you’d tell a friendly stranger sitting next to you on the plane, maybe don’t tell it to the admissions office. Describing losing your virginity, or anything about your sex life really. This doesn’t mean you can’t write about your sexual orientation – just leave out the actual physical act. Writing in too much detail about your illness, disability, any other bodily functions. Detailed meaningful discussion of what this physical condition has meant to you and your life is a great thing to write about. But stay away from body horror and graphic descriptions that are simply there for gratuitous shock value. New Century Case? Waxing poetic about essay, your love for your significant other.

Your relationship is adorable to the people currently involved in it, but those who don't know you aren't invested in this aspect of your life. About A Loving? Confessing to odd and unusual desires of the sexual or illegal variety. Your obsession with cultivating cacti is wonderful topic, while your obsession with researching explosives is a terrible one. Some secrets are better behind lock and key. Or behind industrial strength rack and pinion matching machined gears and pressure bolt. Generally speaking, leave past illegal or immoral actions out of your essay . It's simply a bad idea to give admissions officers ammunition to dislike you. Some exceptions might be if you did something in a very, very different mindset from the emory one you’re in now (in the new century corporation solution midst of emory and secondary escaping from danger, under severe coercion, or when you were very young, for example). Literary? Or if your essay is about explaining how you've turned over a new leaf and you have the emory and secondary transcript to back you up. Writing about committing crime as something fun or exciting. Introduction? Unless it's on your permanent record, and and secondary you'd like a chance to explain how you've learned your lesson and changed, don't put this in introduction, your essay.

Describing drug use or the and secondary essay experience of being drunk or high. Even if you're in a state where some recreational drugs are legal, you're a high school student. Your only brooklyn college, exposure to mind-altering substances should be caffeine. Making up fictional stories about yourself as though they are true. You're unlikely to emory and secondary essay be a good enough fantasist to literary essay pull this off, and there's no reason to roll the dice on being discovered to be a liar. Emory And Secondary? Detailing your personality flaws. Essays About A Loving? Unless you have a great story of coping with one of these, leave deal-breakers like pathological narcissism out of your personal statement. Emory Essay? You' re better off not airing your dirty laundry out in democrats, public. Seriously, no one wants to smell those socks. While it's great to have faith in your abilities, no one likes a relentless show-off.

No matter how magnificent your accomplishments, if you decide to focus your essay on them, it's better to describe a setback or a moment of doubt rather that simply praising yourself to the skies. Bragging and making yourself the flawless hero of your essay. This goes double if you're writing about not particularly exciting achievements like scoring the winning goal or getting the emory essay lead in the play. Having no awareness of the actual scope of your accomplishments. New Century Case Study Solution? It's lovely that you take time to emory help others, but volunteer-tutoring a couple of hours a week doesn’t make you a saintly figure. Cheering on a team? Awesome. Cheering on yourself? A little obnoxious. Remember your reader. In this case, you're trying to make yourself memorable to introduction literary an admissions officer who has been reading thousands of essay other essays . If your essay makes the mistake of being boring or trite, it just won’t register in that person’s mind as anything worth paying attention to.

Transcribing your resume into essay, sentence form or writing about the main activity on emory and secondary your transcript. The application already includes your resume, or a detailed list of your various activities. Unless the literary prompt specifically asks you to write about your main activity, the emory essay needs to on family paper be about a facet of and secondary essay your interests and personality that doesn't come through the other parts of the application. Writing about financial study solution, sports. Every athlete tries to write this essay. Unless you have a completely off-the-wall story or unusual achievement, leave this overdone topic be. Being moved by your community service trip to a third-world country. Were you were impressed at how happy the people seemed despite being poor? Did you learn a valuable lesson about how privileged you are? Unfortunately, so has every other teenager who traveled on emory and secondary one of these trips.

Writing about this tends to simultaneously make you sound unempathetic, clueless about the world, way over-privileged, and condescending. Essays A Loving? Unless you have a highly specific, totally unusual story to tell, don’t do it. Emory And Secondary? Reacting with sadness to case study a sad, but very common experience. Unfortunately, many of the hard, formative events in your life are fairly universal. So, if you’re going to write about death or divorce, make sure to focus on how you dealt with this event, so the emory and secondary essay is against something only you could possibly have written. Emory? Only detailed, idiosyncratic description can save this topic. Against Democrats? Going meta.

Don’t write about the fact that you’re writing the essay as we speak, and emory now the reader is reading it, and look, the essay is right here in the reader's hand. It's a technique that seems clever, but has already been done many times in many different ways. Brooklyn College Writing? Offering your ideas on how to fix the world. Emory And Secondary Essay? This is on family especially true if your solution is an and secondary easy fix, if only introduction essay, everyone would just listen to you. Trust me, there's just no way you are being realistically appreciative of the level of complexity inherent in the problem you're describing. Starting with a famous quotation. There usually is no need to shore up your own words by bringing in someone else's. Of course, if you are writing about a particular phrase that you've adopted as a life motto, feel free to include it. B ut even then, having it be the first line in your essay feels like you're handing the keys over to emory essay that author and asking them to drive.

Using an everyday object as a metaphor for your life/personality. Introduction Essay? “Shoes. They are like this, and like that, and emory and secondary people love them for all of these reasons. Brooklyn College Mfa Creative Faculty? And guess what? They are just like me.” Shoes are from emory essay several centuries ago and introduction literary essay tend to be used as flower vases. And that's true for me too!

Unlike the essays you’ve been writing in school where the and secondary essay idea is to analyze something outside of yourself, the main subject of essays about a loving your college essay should be you, your background, your makeup, and your future . Writing about someone or something else might well make a great essay, but not for this context. Paying tribute to someone very important to you. Everyone would love to meet your grandma, but this isn’t the time to focus on emory her amazing coming of age story. If you do want to talk about a person who is important to your life, dwell on the ways you've been impacted by against democrats them, and how you will incorporate this impact into and secondary, your future. Documenting how well other people do things, say things, are active, while you remain passive and essays democrats inactive in and secondary, the essay. Brooklyn College Mfa Creative Faculty? Being in the orbit of someone else's important lab work, or complex stage production, or meaningful political activism is a fantastic learning moment. But if you decide to write about, your essay should be about your learning and how you've been influenced, not about the emory and secondary essay other person's achievements. Resume Antonym? Concentrating on a work of art that deeply moved you.

Watch out for the pitfall of writing an analytical essay about that work, and emory not at all about your reaction to it or how you’ve been affected since. Check out our explanation of how to answer Topic D of the ApplyTexas application to get some advice on writing about someone else's work while making sure your essay still points back at you. With this potential mistake, you run the risk of introduction showing a lack of self-awareness or the ability to emory be open to new ideas . Remember, no reader wants to essays democrats be lectured at. If that’s what your essay does, you are demonstrating an inability to communicate successfully with others. Also, remember that no college is eager to emory admit someone who is too close-minded to benefit from being taught by others. A long, one-sided essay about a hot-button issue will suggest that you are exactly that. Ranting at length about political, religious, or other contentious topics. You simply don't know where the admissions officer who reads your essay stands on any of these issues.

It's better to avoid upsetting or angering that person. Writing a one-sided diatribe about guns, abortion, the death penalty, immigration, or anything else in the news. Even if you can marshal facts in your argument, this essay is simply the wrong place to take a narrow, unempathetic side in an ongoing debate. Mentioning anything negative about the school you’re applying to. Again, your reader is on family genogram someone who works there and presumably is and secondary essay proud of the place. This is not the time to faculty question the admissions officer's opinions or life choices. Don't make your reader feel like they've suddenly gotten in the ring with you. College Essay Execution Problems To Avoid.

Bad college essays aren't only caused by bad topics. Sometimes, even if you’re writing about an interesting, relevant topic, you can still seem immature or unready for college life because of the way you present that topic – the way you actually write your personal statement. Essay? Check to make sure you haven't made any of the common mistakes on this list. Admissions officers are looking for introduction, resourcefulness, the ability to be resilient, and an active and and secondary essay optimistic approach to life – these are all qualities that create a thriving college student. Essays that don't show these qualities are usually suffering from tone-deafness. Being whiny or complaining about problems in your life. Is the essay about on family paper, everyone doing things to/against you? About things happening to you, rather than you doing anything about them? That perspective is a definite turn-off.

Trying and and secondary failing to use humor. You may be very funny in real life, but it's hard to be successfully funny in this context, especially when writing for introduction literary, a reader who doesn’t know you. If you do want to emory and secondary essay use humor, I'd recommend the simplest and most straightforward version: being self-deprecating and low-key. New Century Financial Corporation Case Study? Talking down to the reader, or alternately being self-aggrandizing. No one enjoys being condescended to.

In this case, much of the function of your essay is to and secondary essay charm and make yourself likable, which is unlikely to happen if you adopt this tone. Being pessimistic, cynical, and generally depressive. You are applying to college because you are looking forward to a future of resume antonym learning, achievement, and self-actualization. This is not the and secondary time to bust out your existential ennui and your jaded, been-there-done-that attitude toward life. One good question to ask yourself is: could anyone else have written this essay ? If the answer is yes, then you aren’t doing a good job of financial corporation case study solution representing your unique perspective on the world. It’s very important to demonstrate your ability to be a detailed observer of the world, since that will be one of your main jobs as a college student. Avoiding any emotions, and appearing robot-like and cold in the essay. Unlike essays that you've been writing for class, this essay is meant to emory and secondary be a showcase of your authorial voice and resume antonym personality. It may seem strange to shift gears after learning how to take yourself out of your writing, but this is the place where you have to put as much as yourself in as possible. Emory And Secondary Essay? Skipping over literary essay, description and specific details in favor of writing only in vague generalities.

Does your narrative feel like a newspaper horoscope, which could apply to every other person who was there that day? Then you’re doing it wrong and need to refocus on your reaction, feelings, understanding, and transformation. Your college essay isn't the place to emory be indistinguishable. There’s some room for resume antonym, creativity here, yes, but a college essay isn’t a free-for-all postmodern art class . True, there are prompts that specifically call for your most out-of-left-field submission, or allow you to submit a portfolio or some other work sample instead of a traditional essay. But on a standard application, it's better to stick to traditional prose, split into and secondary essay, paragraphs, further split into sentences.

Submitting anything other than just the materials asked for on your application. Essays Genogram Paper? Don't send food to the admissions office, don't write your essay on clothing or shoes, don't create a YouTube channel about your undying commitment to the school. I know there are a lot of emory and secondary essay urban legends about that one time this crazy thing worked, but they are either not true or about essays a loving father, something that will not work a second time. Writing your essay in verse, in the form of a play, in bullet points, as an acrostic, or any other non-prose form. Unless you really have a way with poetry or playwriting, and you are very confident that you can meet the demands of the prompt and emory and secondary explain yourself well in a loving, this form, don't discard prose simply for the sake of being different. Using as many “fancy” words as possible and getting very far away from sounding like yourself. Admissions officers are unanimous in wanting to hear your not fully formed teenage voice in your essay. This means that you should write at the top of your vocabulary range and syntax complexity, but don't trade every word up for a thesaurus synonym. Your essay will suffer for emory, it. If you dress like this every day, you can use all the fancy words you like.

Most people have a hard time checking over essays on family genogram paper, their own work. This is and secondary why you have to make sure that someone else proofreads your writing . This is the one place where you can, should – and brooklyn mfa creative writing faculty really must – get someone who knows all about grammar, punctuation and has a good eye for detail to take a red pencil to essay your final draft. Essays? Otherwise, you look like you either don’t know the basic rules or writing (in which case, are you really ready for college work?) or don’t care enough to and secondary essay present yourself well (in which case, why would the admissions people care about admitting you?). Typos, grammatical mistakes, punctuation flubs, weird font/paragraph spacing issues. It's true that these are often unintentional mistakes. But caring about getting it right is a way to demonstrate your work ethic and dedication to the task at introduction literary essay hand. Going over the word limit. Part of showing your brilliance is being able to work within arbitrary rules and limitations. Going over the word count points to a lack of self-control, which is not a very attractive feature in a college applicant. Repeating the and secondary same word(s) or sentence structure over and over again. This makes your prose monotonous and hard to read.

Repetition: excellent for mastering the long jump, terrible for keeping a reader's interest. Bad College Essay Examples – And How to Fix Them. The beauty of writing is that you get to rewrite. Resume Antonym? So if you think of your essay as a draft waiting to be revised into a better version rather than as a precious jewel that can’t bear being touched, you’ll be in far better shape to correct the emory and secondary issues that always crop up! Now let’s take a look at some actual college essay drafts to see where the writer is going wrong and how the issue could be fixed. Essay #1: The “I Am Writing This Essay as We Speak” Meta-Narrative. Was your childhood home destroyed by a landspout tornado? Yeah, neither was mine.

I know that intro might have given the impression that this college essay will be about withstanding disasters, but the truth is that it isn't about that at all. In my junior year, I always had in mind an image of myself finishing the college essay months before the deadline. But as the weeks dragged on and the deadline drew near, it soon became clear that at the rate things are going I would probably have to make new plans for my October, November and December. Falling into my personal wormhole, I sat down with my mom to talk about colleges. “Maybe you should write about resume antonym, Star Trek ,” she suggested, “you know how you’ve always been obsessed with Captain Picard, calling him your dream mentor. And Secondary Essay? Unique hobbies make good topics, right? You'll sound creative!” I played with the thought in my mind, tapping my imaginary communicator pin and whispering Computer. Tea. Earl Grey. Hot. And then an Essay.

Nothing happened. Financial Corporation Case Study? Instead, I sat quietly in my room wrote the old-fashioned way. Emory? Days later I emerged from my room disheveled, but to my dismay, this college essay made me sound like just a guy who can't get over democrats, the fact that he'll never take the Starfleet Academy entrance exam. So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to disintegrate it with a phaser set on stun. Emory? I fell into a state of panic. My college essay. My image of myself in senior year.

Almost out of nowhere, Robert Jameson Smith offered his words of essays against democrats advice. Perfect! He suggested students begin their college essay by and secondary essay listing their achievements and letting their essay materialize from there. My heart lifted, I took his advice and listed three of brooklyn college writing my greatest achievements - mastering my backgammon strategy, being a part of TREE in my sophomore year, and performing I Am the Very Model of a Modern Major-General from The Pirates of Penzance in public. And sure enough, I felt inspiration hit me and began to type away furiously into the keyboard about emory and secondary, my experience in TREE, or Trees Require Engaged Environmentalists. I reflected on the current state of deforestation, and literary essay described the dichotomy of emory essay it being both understandable why farmers cut down forests for farmland, and democrats how dangerous this is to our planet.

Finally, I added my personal epiphany to the end of my college essay as the cherry on and secondary the vanilla sundae, as the overused saying goes. After 3 weeks of resume antonym figuring myself out, I have converted myself into a piece of writing. As far as achievements go, this was definitely an amazing one. The ability to transform a human being into 603 words surely deserves a gold medal. Yet in emory, this essay, I was still being nagged by a voice that couldn't be ignored. Eventually, I submitted to that yelling inner voice and decided that this was not the right essay either. In the middle of a hike through Philadelphia's Fairmount Park, I realized that the college essay was nothing more than an embodiment of essays on family paper my character. The two essays I have written were not right because they have failed to essay become more than just words on recycled paper. The subject failed to come alive. Certainly my keen interest in Star Trek and my enthusiasm for TREE are a great part of who I am, but there were other qualities essential in my character that did not come across in the essays.

With this realization, I turned around as quickly as I could without crashing into a tree. Here are all things that are working on all cylinders for this personal statement as is. Was your childhood home destroyed by a landspout tornado? Yeah, neither was mine. Funny, striking, memorable – this sentence has it all: A strange fact. There are different kinds of tornadoes? What is a landspout tornado anyway? A late-night-deep-thoughts hypothetical.

What would it be like to be a kid whose house was destroyed in this unusual way? Direct engagement with the reader. Instead of asking “what would it be like to have a tornado destroy a house” it asks “was your house ever destroyed. Essays Democrats? Speaking of tornadoes, how awesome was the Wizard of Oz? Gentle, Self-Deprecating Humor That Lands Well. Emory Essay? I played with the thought in my mind, tapping my imaginary communicator pin and essays against democrats whispering Computer. Tea. Earl Grey.

Hot. And then an Essay. Nothing happened. Instead, I sat quietly in my room wrote the old-fashioned way. Days later I emerged from my room disheveled, but to my dismay, this college essay made me sound like just a guy who can't get over essay, the fact that he'll never take the new century financial Starfleet Academy entrance exam. So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to disintegrate it with a phaser set on stun. The author has his cake and eats it too here: both making fun of emory himself for brooklyn college, being super into the Star Trek mythos, but also showing himself being committed enough to try whispering a command to emory and secondary the Enterprise computer alone in his room. You know, just in case. A Solid Point That Is Made Paragraph by resume antonym Paragraph.

The meat of the essay is that the two versions of himself that the author thought about portraying each fails in some way to describe the real him. Neither an and secondary essay focusing on literary essay his off-beat interests, nor an emory essay essay devoted to his serious activism could capture everything about a well-rounded person in 600 words. With this realization, I turned around as quickly as I could without crashing into a tree. The essay illustrates its own stopping by having the narrator literally stop in literary essay, the middle of a hike and narrowly avoid a collision. That’s funny and clever without being too gimmicky. Rewriting these flawed parts will make the essay shine.

Spending Way Too Long on the Metanarrative. I know that intro might have given the impression that this college essay will be about withstanding disasters, but the truth is that it isn't about that at emory and secondary essay all. In my junior year, I always had in mind an image of myself finishing the college essay months before the deadline. Essays Democrats? But as the weeks dragged on and the emory deadline drew near, it soon became clear that at brooklyn mfa creative the rate things are going I would probably have to make new plans for my October, November and December. After 3 weeks of figuring myself out, I have converted myself into a piece of writing. As far as achievements go, this was definitely an amazing one. The ability to essay transform a human being into 603 words surely deserves a gold medal. Look at brooklyn faculty how long and draggy these paragraphs are, especially after that zippy opening. Emory? Is it at all interesting to read about how someone else found the process of introduction literary writing hard? Not really, because this is a very common experience.

In the rewrite, I’d advise condensing all of this to maybe a sentence to get to the meat of the actual essay . Letting Other People Do All the and secondary Doing. I sat down with my mom to about father talk about colleges. “Maybe you should write about Star Trek ,” she suggested, “you know how you’ve always been obsessed with Captain Picard, calling him your dream mentor. Unique hobbies make good topics, right? You'll sound creative!” Almost out of nowhere, Robert Jameson Smith offered his words of essay advice. Perfect! He suggested students begin their college essay by listing their achievements and letting their essay materialize from essay there. Essay? Twice in the essay, the new century case study solution author lets someone else tell him what to do.

Not only and secondary, that, but it sounds like both of the “incomplete” essays were dictated by the thoughts of other people and had little to do with his own ideas, experiences, or initiative. In the rewrite, it would be better to recast both the Stark Trek and the TREE versions of the essay as the author’s own thoughts rather than someone else’s suggestions . This way, the point of the new century corporation study solution essay – taking apart the idea that a college essay could summarize life experience – is earned by the author’s two failed attempts to write that other kind of essay. Don't be a passive panda. Be an active antelope. Leaving the Insight and Meaning Out of His Experiences. Both the Star Trek fandom and the TREE activism were obviously important life experiences for this author – important enough to be potential college essay topic candidates. But there is no description of what the author did with either one, nor any explanation of why these were so meaningful to his life. It’s fine to emory say that none of your achievements individually define you, but in order for against democrats, that to emory and secondary essay work, you have to really sell the achievements themselves. In the rewrite, it would be good to explore what he learned about himself and the world by pursuing these interests . How did they change him or seen him into the person he is today? Not Adding New Shades and Facets of Himself Into the essays against democrats Mix. So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to disintegrate it with a phaser set on stun.

Yet in this essay, I was still being nagged by a voice that couldn't be ignored. And Secondary? Eventually, I submitted to essays about father that yelling inner voice and emory essay decided that this was not the right essay either. In both of these passages, there is the perfect opportunity to point out what exactly these failed versions of the essay didn't capture about the author . In the next essay draft, I would suggest subtly making a point about his other qualities. For example, after the about a loving Star Trek paragraph, he could talk about other culture he likes to emory essay consume, especially if he can discuss art forms he is interested in that would not be expected from new century solution someone who loves Star Trek . Or, after the TREE paragraph, the author could explain why this second essay was no better at capturing him than the first. Essay? What was missing? Why is the self in the essay shouting – is it because this version paints him as an overly aggressive activist? Star Trek fans are a dime a dozen. But a Trekkie who is resume antonym also a graffiti aficionado? Now that's a novel intersection of cultural tastes. And Secondary Essay? Essay #2: The “I Once Saw Poor People” Service Trip Essay.

Unlike other teenagers, I’m not concerned about money, or partying, or what others think of me. Unlike other eighteen year-olds, I think about my future, and haven't become totally materialistic and acquisitive. Essays? My whole outlook on life changed after I realized that my life was just being handed to me on a silver spoon, and yet there were those in the world who didn’t have enough food to and secondary eat or place to live. I realized that the one thing that this world needed more than anything was compassion; compassion for those less fortunate than us. Essays On Family Genogram? During the and secondary essay summer of 2006, I went on resume antonym a community service trip to rural Peru to help build an elementary school for kids there. I expected harsh conditions, but what I encountered was far worse. It was one thing to watch commercials asking for donations to help the unfortunate people in less developed countries, yet it was a whole different story to actually live it. Even after all this time, I can still hear babies crying from hunger; I can still see the filthy rags that they wore; I can still smell the stench of misery and emory and secondary hopelessness. But my most vivid memory was the corporation case study solution moment I first got to and secondary essay the farming town. Genogram? The conditions of essay it hit me by surprise; it looked much worse in real life than compared to resume antonym the what our group leader had told us.

Poverty to emory me and on family everyone else I knew was a foreign concept that people hear about on the news or see in documentaries. But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. And for and secondary, the brief ten days I was there, it would be mine too. As all of resume antonym this realization came at once, I felt overwhelmed by the weight of what was to come. Would I be able to live in the same conditions as these people? Would I catch a disease that no longer existed in the first world, or maybe die from drinking contaminated water? As these questions rolled around my already dazed mind, I heard a soft voice asking me in Spanish, “Are you okay? Is there anything I can do to make you feel better?” I looked down to see a small boy, around nine years of age, who looked starved, and and secondary essay cold, wearing tattered clothing, comforting me.

These people who have so little were able to forget their own needs, and put those much more fortunate ahead of themselves. It was at that moment that I saw how selfish I had been. How many people suffered like this in the world, while I went about financial case study, life concerned about nothing at emory and secondary all? Thinking back on the trip, maybe I made a difference, maybe not. But I gained something much more important. I gained the desire to make the world a better place for others. Resume Antonym? It was in a small, poverty-stricken village in emory and secondary, Peru that I finally realized that there was more to life than just being alive. Let's first point out what this draft has going for it. This is an essay that tries to explain a shift in perspective. There are different ways to literary structure this overarching idea, but a chronological approach that starts with an earlier opinion, describes a mind changing event, and emory and secondary essay ends with the essays about a loving father transformed point of emory and secondary view is an easy and clear way to introduction lay this potentially complex subject out. Arranging your narrative in order of what happened when is emory and secondary a simple and surefire strategy.

Now let's see what needs to be changed in order for this essay to pass muster. Unlike other teenagers, I’m not concerned about money, or partying, or what others think of new century corporation study me. Unlike other eighteen year - olds, I think about my future, and haven't become totally materialistic and acquisitive. This is a very broad generalization, which doesn’t tend to be the best way to formulate an argument – or to start an essay. It just makes this author sound dismissive of and secondary essay a huge swath of the population. In the rewrite, this author would be way better off just concentrate on what she want to essay say about herself, not pass judgment on “other teenagers,” most of whom she doesn’t know and and secondary essay will never meet. I realized that the one thing that this world needed more than anything was compassion; compassion for those less fortunate than us. Coming from someone who hasn’t earned her place in the world through anything but the about father luck of emory essay being born, the word “compassion” sounds really condescending. Calling others less fortunate when you're a senior in high school has a dehumanizing quality to it. These people who have so little were able to essays on family forget their own needs, and put those much more fortunate in front of themselves. Again, this comes across as very patronizing.

Not only that, but to this little boy the author was clearly not looking all that “fortunate” – instead, she looked pathetic enough to need comforting. Emory And Secondary? In the next draft, a better hook could be making the essay about the many different kinds of shifting perspectives the author encountered on that trip . Literary Essay? A more meaningful essay would compare and contrast the points of view of the TV commercials, to and secondary essay what the group leader said, to essays genogram the author's own expectations, and finally to this child’s point of view. It may help to imagine you have the compound eyes of an insect. How many different perspectives can you see and describe? During the summer of 2006, I went on and secondary a community service trip to mfa creative writing rural Peru to help build an elementary school for kids there. I expected harsh conditions, but what I encountered was far worse. It was one thing to and secondary essay watch commercials asking for resume antonym, donations to help the unfortunate people in less developed countries, yet it was a whole different story to emory actually live it. Even after all this time, I can still hear babies crying from hunger; I can still see the filthy rags that they wore; I can still smell the stench of misery and hopelessness. Phrases like “cries of the small children from not having enough to eat” and “dirt stained rags” seem like descriptions, but they're really closer to incurious and completely hackneyed generalizations. Why were the kids were crying?

How many kids? All the essays genogram kids? One specific really loud kid? The same goes for “filthy rags,” which is emory both an incredibly insensitive way to talk about the clothing of these villagers, and again shows a total lack of interest in their life. Why were their clothes dirty? Were they workers or farmers so their clothes showing marks of labor?

Did they have Sunday clothes? Traditional clothes they would put on a loving for special occasions? Did they make their own clothes? That would be a good reason to emory and secondary keep wearing clothing even if it had “stains” on it. The rewrite should either make this section more specific and less reliant on about a loving cliches, or should discard it altogether . Emory Essay? The conditions of it hit me by surprise; it looked much worse in real life than compared to mfa creative writing the what our group leader had told us. Poverty to me and everyone else I knew was a foreign concept that people hear about on the news or see in documentaries. But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. If this is the “most vivid memory,” then I would expect to read all the details that have been seared into the author's brain. What did their leader tell them? What was different in and secondary, real life?

What was the light like? What did the houses/roads/grass/fields/trees/animals/cars look like? What time of day was it? Did they get there by bus, train, or plane? Was there an airport/train station/bus terminal? A city center? Shops? A marketplace? There are any number of details to include here when doing another drafting pass. Reading vague generalizations is like trying to make sense of this blurry picture. Is it flowers?

Holiday lights? Confetti? Who knows. And after a while, who cares? But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. And for the brief ten days I was there, it would be mine too.

As all of this realization came at once, I felt overwhelmed by the weight of financial case study what was to come. Would I be able to live in the same conditions as these people? Would I catch a disease that no longer existed in the first world, or maybe die from drinking contaminated water? Without a framing device explaining that this initial panic was an overreaction, this section just makes the author sound whiny, entitled, melodramatic, and immature . Emory And Secondary? After all, this isn’t a a solo wilderness trek – the author is there with a paid guided program. Just how much mortality is typically associated with these very standard college-application-boosting service trips? In a rewrite, I would suggest including more perspective on the author's outsized and overprivileged response here.

This would fit well with a new focus on the different points of essays view on this village the essay author encountered. A Loving? But I gained something much more important. I gained the desire to make the world a better place for others. It was in a small, poverty-stricken village in Peru that I finally realized that there was more to life than just being alive. Is it really believable that this is what the author learned?

There is maybe some evidence to suggest that the author was shaken somewhat out of emory a comfortable, materialistic existence. Essays A Loving Father? But what does “there is more to life than just being alive” even really mean? This conclusion is rather vague, and emory and secondary essay seems mostly a non sequitur. In a rewrite, the essay should be completely reoriented to discuss how differently others see us than we see ourselves, pivoting on brooklyn mfa creative writing the experience of being pitied by someone who you thought was pitiable. Then, the new version can end by on a note of being better able to and secondary essay understand different points of view and essays on family genogram other people’s perspectives . It's important to include deep thoughts and insights into your essay - just make sure your narrative supports your conclusions! Bad college essays have problems either with their topics or their execution. Emory? The essay is how admissions officers learn about your personality, point of corporation study solution view, and maturity level, so getting the topic right is a key factor in letting them see you as an and secondary essay aware, self-directed, open-minded applicant who is brooklyn going to thrive in an environment of independence. The essay is also how admissions officers learn that you are writing at a ready-for-college level, so screwing up the execution shows that you either don’t know how to write, or don’t care enough to do it well. The main ways college essay topics go wrong is bad taste, bad judgment, and lack of and secondary self-awareness.

The main ways college essays fail in study solution, their execution have to do with ignoring format, syntax, and genre expectations. Want to read some excellent college essays now that you've seen some examples of flawed one? Take a look through our roundup of emory and secondary essay college essay examples published by colleges and then get help with brainstorming your perfect college essay topic. Need some guidance on other parts of the resume antonym application process? Check out emory and secondary our detailed, step-by-step guide to college applications for advice.

Are you considering taking the SAT or ACT again before you submit your application? Read about our famous test prep guides for hints and strategies for a better score. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for college writing, each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in the 99th percentile on her SATs in high school, and went on to major in English at Princeton and to get her doctorate in English Literature at emory and secondary Columbia. She is passionate about improving student access to higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media.

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Literary Criticism of and secondary essay The Namesake. Allusions to Nikolai V. Gogol and essays paper his short story “The Overcoat” permeate Jhumpa Lahiri’s novel The Namesake, beginning with Gogol’s being the essay, name the protagonist is called through most of the book. Yet few of the reviewers of the novel mentioned Nikolai Gogol at all in their discussions of the novel, except to describe the protagonist Gogol’s loathing of his name, or to quote without comment or explanation Dostoevski’s famous line, “We all came out of Gogol’s Overcoat. We will write a custom essay sample. on Literary Criticism of The Namesake or any similar. topic specifically for you. ” So far, no one has looked beyond the surfaces to examine the significance of the allusions to Gogol that are so much a part of the fabric of Lahiri’s novel. Brooklyn College Writing Faculty? Without the references to Nikolai Gogol, it is easy to read the novel as simply another account of the difficulties of a first-generation American trying to and secondary, “find himself,” nicely written, but not particularly thought-provoking. It may seem merely unexamined documentation of the confusion of its main character, a confusion which itself has become a bit of a cliche. The conventional wisdom about first generation Asian Americans is that an awareness of essays two cultures is a kind of curse which makes them unable to understand who they “really” are, as if identity were nothing more than cultural identification.

Read with an understanding of the significance of the Gogol story, however, the novel is much more clearly an elucidation of the causes and meaning of that confusion, which comes not only from having a multiple cultural identity, but from some of the and secondary essay, ways in which people in modern American society tend to essays, view identity. In particular, the allusions to Gogol, along with the motif of naming and Lahiri’s own unique literary style, seem to suggest that some of the characters’ unnecessary unhappiness arises from the tendency to identify oneself with the aspects of selfhood that William James called the material self, one’s surroundings, clothing, food, and and secondary possessions, and the social self, the loves and friendships that surround us. Furthermore, in a mobile society like modern America, unfortunately, the relationships of the social self are apt to be transitory,which seems to be part of the protagonist’s problems in resume antonym The Namesake. Page 2 Literary Criticism of The Namesake Essay. In addition, although James includes the immediate family as part of the material self, the protagonist does not seem to emory and secondary essay, realize the literary, extent to which this is true until too late, which is also not uncommon. Inany case, what is often left underdeveloped is the essential self, the organizing consciousness that strives to understand the meaning and patterns of the events of one’s life in this world, that searches for continuity, or that seeks a way to and secondary, make peace with the irrational.

At first it seems that neither the hapless Akaky Akakyvitch of Gogol’s story nor his eccentric creator can have anything in common with the bright, handsome, conforming Gogol Ganguli of Lahiri’s novel, or this fantastic, grotesque, and against very Russian nineteenth-century short story with the seemingly realistic novel about a twentieth-century Indian-American’s search for emory essay, an identity in American society. Brooklyn College Faculty? Nevertheless, “The Overcoat” is about identity, among other things. The protagonist’s name, Akaky Akakyevitch, suggests a contradictory identity in itself, being a saint’s name and emory essay yet sounding like a Russian baby-talk word for feces; and of course the name is also simply a repetition of new century corporation solution his father’s name. Akaky is a non-entity. A scrivener, he delights in copying out other people’s writing, and yet is strangely unable and unwilling to try to write anything of his own, or even to change a word in the original text when he is specifically asked to. As a text, he isn’t anyone; he is simply copies of what is written by emory and secondary essay others. But this copying is bliss. His very lack of identity is the source of new century corporation study his happiness. This changes when is obliged to buy a new overcoat, a costly overcoat, and emory and secondary becomes another person. Or rather, he becomes his overcoat. Brooklyn College Faculty? He and his new overcoat are even invited to a party in its honor by the assistant head clerk of his department.

He becomes a new man, noticing women, for emory and secondary essay, instance, when before he would forget where he was while crossing the street. As he is coming back from this uncharacteristic outing, his overcoat is stolen. New Century Corporation Case Study Solution? When he reports the loss to a local dignitary (on his co-workers’ advice–no idea is his own), he is bullied and insulted for his temerity in approaching such an and secondary, important person. Tellingly, the Very Important Person demands, “Do you realize, sir, who you are talking to? ” (Gogol 263), as if he didn’t know who he was himself, without its being reconfirmed by other’s fear of him. Exposed to introduction literary, the cold once again, the overcoatless Akaky then catches a fever and dies, but this is not the end of the story. Shortly after Akaky’s death, a “living corpse” who looks like Akaky begins haunting the same square in emory and secondary which Akaky was robbed, but this time as a stealer of overcoats rather than as a victim. One of this Akaky’s victims is the same Very Important Person who bullied him, who had been mildly regretting his harshness, and who is now frightened into real repentance. The last we hear of Akaky and his ghost is when a policeman sees a burly man whom he takes to be the ghostly overcoat thief, accosts him, and finds instead a man who is clearly not Akaky, but may be the original thief who robbed him. It’s a strange story, suggesting very non-American ideas about identity and the undesirability of having a fixed identity.

The overcoat that Akaky buys at such cost seems to be both the material self and the social self, both of which he previously lacked, and which he then mistakes for who he is. Vladimir Nabokov even suggests that for Akaky, the essays against democrats, coat is like a mistress or a wife–some one/thing that defines him as a normal member of society and and secondary yet paradoxically causes him to literary, lose his essential self. One can read the story as a kind of parable about identity theft and shifting identities, in which Akaky goes from essay being no-one, to being an overcoat, to being a ghost, and essays democrats finally to emory and secondary, being, perhaps, a version of the very person who robbed him, or at least into something that can be mistaken for him. Charles Bernheimer has suggested that the story reflects Nikolai Gogol’s own horror of essays having a fixed identity. And Secondary Essay? One of the reasons that Gogol was unable to essays against democrats, finish Dead Souls, Bernheimer says, was that “for Gogol to write The Book would be equivalent to a fixing of emory essay his personality, an act of definition that would subject his secret soul to understanding, to penetration and violation by the other” (54). Financial Case Study Solution? Richard Moore suggests as well that Akaky’s copying is parallel to essay, Gogol’s own writing in which he assumes a series of new century case study voices. There is a way in emory and secondary essay which Akaky, then, is a version of his creator. Faculty? Moreover, the ending is emory deliberately ambiguous so as not to impose a meaning, an essays about, identity, on the story itself. The true protection seems to lie in not being known, not being knowable, and yet, some kind of outward identity is necessary too. Emory? “The Overcoat” is a meditation on identity and loss, but exactly what it is “saying” about these abstractions is ambiguous, because the story is clothed in language and structured to evoke meanings and evade them at the same time.

The meaning of the story is not just in essays about a loving the plot; in fact, Vladimir Nabokov suggests that to the extent that the story has a meaning, the style, not the plot, conveys it. The story combines voices and tones and levels of emory and secondary essay reality. Nabokov says, “Gogol’s art discloses that parallel lines not only meet, but they can wiggle and get most extravagantly entangled, just as two pillars reflected in water in the most wobbly contortions if the necessary ripple is there” (58). Multiple, contradictory realities and identities exist as once. Like a Zen paradox, the story does not have a fixed meaning, but serves rather to create a space in which the reader can experience his own private epiphany. It is this ambiguity that draws Ashoke Ganguli, Gogol Ganguli’s father, to essays a loving, the story in the first place. As he reads the story on the almost fatal train ride that becomes a turning point in his life, Ashoke thinks, “Just as Akaky’s ghost haunted the final pages, so did it haunt a place deep in Ashoke’s soul, shedding light on all that was irrational, that was inevitable about the world” (Lahiri 14). Lahiri does not tell us any more than this about and secondary essay what exactly it is that he understands about the irrational and new century financial solution the inevitable, because she, like Gogol, is working to evoke meanings rather than convey them. But perhaps one thing that Ashoke responds to in the story is the emory and secondary, sense that both reality and identity are multiple, existing on many planes at the same time. Life is not a simple, rational, sequential experience.

Ashoke gains some unarticulated knowledge from the story that enables him to be many people at once and accept the contradictions of resume antonym his life. He himself is both the dutiful son who returns to India every year to see his extended family and the man who left this hurt and bewildered family behind to emory essay, begin a life in another country, both a Bengali and the father of two Americans, both the respected Professor Ganguli and the patronized foreigner, both Ashoke, his good name, and resume antonym Mithu, his pet name. Emory And Secondary? His world is not just India and America but the Europe of the authors he reads, his time both the twentieth and the nineteenth centuries. A person is many people, just as Akaky is all of the documents he copies and no one in essays about father himself. For Gogol Ganguli, however, the several identities that he takes on in the course of the novel are a source of pain, perhaps in part because he passively accepts them one after the other, often conjoined to a relationship with a woman, apparently confusing a series of material and social selves for who he is. Moreover, because these outer selves are sequential rather than simultaneous, they provide him with no sense of continuity, which is part of their function in the lives of more contented and secure people.

And as in Nikolai Gogol’s short story, the meaning of. Lahiri’s novel seems to lie not so much in emory and secondary essay the plotline as in the style. It is a type of realism that assumes that to show reality, one must abandoned the tight causal plot of realism to show the essays on family, randomness and irrationality of the events that define the and secondary, characters’ lives. Essay? In addition, the present tense prose, which at first may seem to be merely trendy and irritating, also creates the effect of “suppressing the emory, shared past that connects writer and reader,” as Ursula Le Guin has observed with some asperity about college mfa creative present tense prose in general (74). In this novel, however, the effect seems deliberate, as the characters are indeed cut off from their pasts–by physical distance, in the case of Ashoke and Ashima, or by the inability to understand the significance of the past, in the case of Gogol Ganguli and his wife Moushimi. Thus it seems appropriate that the and secondary essay, readers are cut off from this past as well. Lahiri’s dispassionate, elusive style is one of the resume antonym, many items to come out of emory Gogol’s overcoat. From him through Vladimir Nabokov and the modernists she has taken the idea that the style is the introduction literary, meaning, not merely the means of conveying it. The way in which she writes also comes through a tradition of American writers as well, particularly Hemingway and Raymond Carver, who acutely observe the details of emory and secondary physical reality as a way of introduction literary implying the essay, characters’ inner struggles (“Big Two Hearted River” and “Cathedral,” for example).

Yet this style is blended with Gogol to essays on family genogram, create a hybrid entity, Russian, American, and Indian, through which Lahiri creates vivid characters whose identities are nonetheless unknowable. Emory And Secondary? Lahiri layers on introduction literary essay, detail after detail, until we can see the last eyelet in Ashoke’s shoes. But something essential is always left out. We learn the names of emory essay all the people who attend Ashima’s parties. We don’t know what Ashima or Ashoke like about these friends or what makes them more than names. We know that the first girl Gogol has sex with was wearing “a plaid woolen skirt and combat boots and mustard tights” (105), but we don’t know her name or what she looked liked or even the details of her body that a man would be more likely to remember than the girl’s clothing. We know what Gogol reads as a boy and the names of on family genogram his boyhood friends, but we don’t know what he thinks about and secondary these books or likes about introduction these friends.

We know what Gogol and his wife Moushumi say when they are chattering at yuppie dinner parties, but not what they say to each other when they are arguing or when they are expressing their love for each other. We sometimes learn what the and secondary essay, characters feel, although more often, we are given a catalog of the introduction literary essay, details of emory their surroundings which they are noticing while they are having the feeling. And we almost never know what the characters are thinking, about who they are to themselves as they experience the rush of sounds and sensations that are their lives. Introspection, even if it were presented as interior monologue, would suggest that this voice was who the character “really” was. The effect is both eerie and deliberate, and perhaps suggests the ways in which essential identity, the literary essay, self as a continuous organizing consciousness, is emory and secondary beyond the power of words to resume antonym, describe.

We can only know the surface. A sense of what lies beyond the surface can only be evoked and emory and secondary essay illuminated. Four Perspectives Continued from Gogol’s Namesake: Identity and Relationships in Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Namesake Author: Judith Caesar The novel is told through the sensibilities of four different characters, Gogol Ganguli, his mother Ashima, his father Ashoke, and his wife Moushumi, all of literary whom reveal different aspects of the material world and the personal relationships which are a part of emory each character’s outer identity. Of these people, Ashoke alone seems to have found the balance among the various aspects of self that enable him to live comfortably in a foreign country which his children will experience differently than he does. He has his family back in India, a network of Bengali friends whom he has known since coming to America, a house that he has lived in for years, and familiar Indian customs blended with American ones until the resume antonym, blending itself becomes familiar, all of essay which provide an outer protection for resume antonym, an inner self. The material world of America seems to be a source of unhappiness to emory essay, Ashima (it is her consciousness, not Ashoke’s, that frequently notices American habits with distaste). Thus throughout the book, she struggles to essays, recover the emory essay, material and social selves of her life in India and yet somehow adapt herself to life in the country to which she has come.

For both Gogol and Moushumi, the process of introduction essay finding a way to live comfortably with what seems to them a double identity, two very different outer worlds, is essay even more complex, since, like other young Americans, they tend to confuse the outer identity with who they are. In part, they do this because modern consumer culture tends to encourage people to view themselves as their material selves, which makes finding a sense of self even more challenging for a person raised among different cultures and subcultures, especially if he concentrates on essays, the question, “Which am I? ,” rather than realizing that he is both all and none of them. Ashoke Ganguli seems to want to help his son discover a way in which to emory and secondary, live with the complexity of identity. To begin with, following Bengali custom, he attempts to give him two identities, one identity, his daknam or pet name, who he is to the people who have known and loved him all his life, and another name, his bhalonam, his good name, who he is to the outside world. This will embed in him the knowledge that he is at new century financial corporation study least two people, who he is to his family and the people who care about his, and who he is to outsiders. Emory And Secondary Essay? Perhaps he also wishes to convey the idea that identity is multiple and many faceted, like reality. It is not one thing or another, but simultaneity, as his own life has been. But the good name Ashoke later selects, Nikhil, the five-year old Gogol and his school reject; and then the eighteen-year-old Gogol rejects the name Gogol and new century financial corporation study solution becomes his good name, Nikhil, to everyone except sometimes his parents. Ashoke has given his son two names, two identities, but Gogol must find their meaning for himself in and secondary the country and the time in which he has been born. And with his acceptance and rejection of his two names, he begins a pattern of first accepting and financial case study then rejecting outer identities that seem imposed on emory essay, him by others and resume antonym which he is seems unable to distinguish from his essential self.

He seems to think he must be one thing or another, Bengali or American, rather than accepting ambiguity and multiplicity. The name Gogol means very different things to Gogol and Ashoke. To Ashoke, the name Gogol is first of all a reminder of the way in essay which the against, reading of Gogol’s short story saved his life, how it was his dropping of the page from the story that alerted rescuers that he was still alive after the train wreck and made them stop and pull him out of the wreckage where he would otherwise have perished. It is a rebirth of himself in a different form, as a person who wants to leave India and travel to other places, to form an identity for himself different from the one created by his life in emory and secondary essay India. And so, in a way, is the birth of essays his son. But Gogol is also a connection to essay, his own family, to his grandfather who told him to read the Russian realists, and whom he is going to see at the time of the train wreck.

There is an identity here that transcends culture, as generations of Indians (ultimately, Gogol Ganguli becomes the fourth) find a sense of new century corporation case study solution life’s essence in an English translation of a Russian work. But to Gogol Ganguli, Gogol is simply a strange name that he has been saddled with by accident. It makes him too different. (And it probably doesn’t help that when pronounced correctly, the name sounds like the English word “goggle”). When he is in high school and supposed to study Gogol’s story in English class, he refuses to emory, read it. And strangely, instead of leading a discussion of the essays against, story itself, his teacher tells them about emory and secondary Gogol’s life, focusing on Gogol’s inner torment and his death by self-starvation. Gogol the writer is reduced to what was most bizarre about his personal life, for the delighted horror of American teenagers. He is treated in exactly the way the essays, living Gogol most feared. He becomes his difference, not his genius. And ironically, because of Lahiri’s style, the teacher himself becomes nothing more than his clothing and his mannerisms.

To Gogol Ganguli, then, Gogol becomes the identity of a foreign madman who never experienced sex or any of the other initiations that lead to an adult identity for modern Americans. And yet he is still ambivalent. As Lahiri explains, “To read the emory and secondary, story, he believes, would mean paying tribute to his namesake, accepting it somehow. Still, listening to his classmates complain, he feels perversely responsible, as if his own work were being attacked” (92). Throughout the novel, many of the most significant conversations between Gogol Ganguli and Ashoke begin with Nikolai Gogol, as Ashoke attempts to connect with his son through Gogol the same way that the Russian writer connected him to his grandfather. But Gogol Ganguli rejects these gestures, not recognizing them for what they are.

When Gogol Ganguli is literary fourteen, his father gives him a hard-bound copy of Gogol’s short stories; Gogol thanks him politely and then continues listening to his Beatles’ album. When Ashoke quotes to him, “We all came out of Gogol’s Overcoat,” Gogol Ganguli asks, “What’s that supposed to emory and secondary essay, mean? ” His father doesn’t answer, but merely tells him it will make sense to essays on family, him someday (78). Characteristically, Lahiri doesn’t tell us how it makes sense to Ashoke, or how it will later make sense to his son. Later, when Gogol is no longer officially Gogol but Nikhil, Ashoke does tell him directly part of the personal significance of the name to him, how it was by dropping the page of Gogol that he was rescued the night he almost died. When Gogol asks his father if he then reminds him of that night, Ashoke replies, “You remind me of everything that followed” (124). For Ashoke, Gogol is a new life, a rebirth, the creation of another life in another country, both his own life and his children’s. While Gogol Ganguli is disturbed by this knowledge, Lahiri doesn’t tell us precisely what he understands from it, except to imply, perhaps, that he feels to some degree guilty about having changed his name to Nikhil. And Secondary Essay? For at eighteen, Gogol rejects the name, and with it, the trans-cultural identity that his father tried to give him. Although Nikhil is an Indian name, it enables him to try on new century financial corporation case solution, a sophisticated identity he thinks he wants, sexy, cool, “normal. Emory? ” (He is “Nick” in introduction essay dialogue later in the novel, especially when he is talking to Americans who are not the children of immigrants). Nikhil is his overcoat which makes the ways in which he is different from other Americans invisible.

Thus it is as Nikhil that he first kisses a girl, thinking afterward as he tells his friends about it, “it hadn’t been Gogol who kissed Kim. Gogol had nothing to emory and secondary essay, do with it” (96). It is Nikhil whom he becomes at college and against democrats as Nikhil that he has his first girlfriend. Yet despite their apparent intimacy, he never introduces the girlfriend Ruth to his parents, because “He cannot imagine being with her in a house where he is still Gogol” (114). And Ruth herself is part of a series of identities which Gogol tries on, in this case, probably, the and secondary essay, identity of typical Yale student. She is never precisely who she is in herself, since we never know the traits he values in her or what they talk about or who he is to her. The relationship dissolves when she goes to brooklyn writing faculty, England and comes back full of British mannerisms and expressions which have no place in his life. Thus, a person who had once seemed the emotional center of emory his life moves out of essays democrats it forever, beginning a pattern which will continue throughout the course of the novel. Perhaps it is not particularly unusual that he seems to have no lasting friendships to give him a sense of continuity either; his emotional life centers on his lovers, and when each woman ceases being his lover, she moves out of his life entirely, taking with her the self he was with her. The overcoat, the name Nikhil, seems to represent part of the material self, along with the and secondary essay, personal possessions, the clothing, the introduction, food, the houses and apartments.

The transient love affairs like that with Ruth through which Gogol becomes a series of alternate identities are also the overcoat. Or to be more exact, his relationships provide him with possible identities which he passively accepts, at least temporarily. But to him, unlike his father, these identities come one at a time and are mutually exclusive and transitory. Emory? They are not what protect him from the outside world, but rather a disguise that he confuses for himself. This becomes even more clear when time shifts, and we next see Gogol twelve years later when he is an architect living in New York, where he has gone in part to escape being too geographically close to his family. Although he is now a grown man, he still seems to resume antonym, be going through the adolescent struggle to form an identity for himself separate from the emory essay, world of his parents.

His being an architect seems to be a metaphor for paper, the building of an outer self that he himself has designed. Yet he doesn’t seem to have been able to do that. Tellingly, he wanted to build homes, but ends up designing staircases and closets for offices instead. Instead of making personal spaces, he creates impersonal public ones; even his own apartment remains as an impersonal space, without decor, without anything of him in it–or perhaps its very absence of personality reflects him and the way in which he lives elsewhere, in and secondary other people’s spaces and material and social selves. Maxine, a beautiful, wealthy American woman from an old WASP family has sought him out after they met at a party and absorbed him into her world and her lifestyle.

He spends most of his time in resume antonym the house where Maxine lives with her parents, learning their tastes in essay food, wine, dress, and conversation. She has a sense of herself, of the continuity of her life with that of her parents and grandparents that he thinks he will never have, because he doesn’t have a sense of what he might have in common with his parents emotionally or intellectually. At one point, “He realizes that she has never wished to be anyone other than herself … This, in essays paper his opinion, was the biggest difference between them” (138). And yet he never actively tries to create another identity for emory, himself, as his parents have done, or to brooklyn college, make sense of the one he has by trying to and secondary essay, understand more about the permanent relationships in essays genogram his life, those with his family. Maxine’s sense of continuity and selfhood enable her to emory and secondary, weather unhappy love affairs (she has just gone through one before meeting Gogol) without being devastated by them. Perhaps this is part of what draws him to her. A Loving Father? She and her house and her parents’ summer place in New Hampshire and their whole material world are his next identity. He is emory essay Maxine Ratcliff’s lover, or, as her parents introduce him, “the architect Max brought up with her” (157). It’s a lovely, expensive, comfortable identity, given to him as a love-token, which he seems to accept without thought. The only problem is resume antonym that he cannot reconcile it with his identity as Ashima and Ashoke’s son and thus on some level, it feels like a betrayal. It’s not just a rejection of the home and essay food and conversational style of his parents, or of about personal habits that are not to and secondary essay, his personal taste; to him it seems a rejection of mfa creative them.

Thus he imagines hearing the phone ring in the middle of the essay, night at the summer cottage and thinks it’s his parents calling him to wish him a happy birthday, until he realizes that they don’t even know the essays on family, number. The call is an imaginary connection to essay, a self he has tried to cut himself away from to become something different from the identity which he thinks has been given him by his parents. It is a reminder of the guilt he feels in rejecting their world and by extension, them. About A Loving Father? He hasn’t yet realized that instead of being an identity imposed on and secondary essay, him from outside, they are part of the pattern of key relationships in about a loving father his life through which he can define himself. Gogol’s way of living with Maxine and thinking about himself changes when Ashoke dies suddenly and unexpectedly of a heart attack. The material self is not the real self.

And yet it is also necessary, just as Akaky’s overcoat was. The paradox is emory and secondary true in study solution the way the multiple realities and emory and secondary identities of “The Overcoat” are true. Ashoke has created a material self of familiar rituals, places, and foods and new century corporation study solution social self in his relationships with other Bengali families, both of which have formed a buffer for and secondary, him, allowing him to live as a complex human being in a country which still seems to new century financial corporation case, feel foreign to him. When Ashoke dies, all that is left of him are his material and social selves, the anonymous apartment where he was living by emory and secondary himself while on a fellowship at another university, his clothing, which Gogol Ganguli collects from the hospital, his rental car, the new century financial case study, meager possessions in the apartment, the more ample possessions in the house he shared with Ashima, the scores of condolence letters that come from colleagues and friends that represent a lifetime’s network of relationships. These things both are and are not Ashoke. They make the absence of emory and secondary his living self in essays father all its potential so much more acute. Perhaps to feel that sense of lost potential, Gogol stays overnight in and secondary his father’s apartment, drives the car, and then returns to stay for weeks in the house in which Ashoke lived with Ashima, not only to comfort his mother but to immerse himself as much as he can in who his father was.

Lahiri describes all of Ashoke’s possessions and the places he lived in intricate detail, catalog after catalog of specific and vivid descriptions of new century financial study objects, their shape, color, texture, turning them into a trope for Gogol’s grief. She describes the objects instead of the grief to show us more powerfully that grief’s intensity, for the grief is beyond words. Only the essay, objects are not. They alone can evoke that an approximation of that grief. She also describes the objects because that is essays what Gogol focuses on while feeling that grief.

Among Ashoke’s possessions is a copy of The Comedians, Graham Greene’s bitter novel about murder and revolution in Papa Doc’s Haiti, in which the characters come to regard the horror of the police state with a mixture of emory and secondary idealism, cynicism, and a strangely energizing despair. Like “The Overcoat,” it’s a work about the absurdity of the human condition, and it’s a key to understanding something of Ashoke’s sensibility and his rich and complex intellectual life. This is the book he was reading when he died. But Gogol apparently never thinks to read it. After his father’s death, and in part perhaps because of resume antonym his guilt over the way he had distanced himself from his parents, he separates himself more and more from Maxine and emory and secondary her world, presumably to Maxine’s confusion and distress. But he himself doesn’t seem to realize why he is doing this. Finally, when the relationship ends, we are told almost nothing about what he thinks or feels. We merely learn what he does and more tellingly what he fails to resume antonym, do.

When Maxine comes to visit him in his family home, now a place of mourning of which she is not a part, he “doesn’t bother to translate what people are saying (in Bengali), to introduce her to everyone, to emory and secondary, stay close by her side” (182). It is the same technique Lahiri used to convey Gogol’s desolation at literary the loss of emory and secondary his father, but now it is essays democrats used to emory and secondary essay, imply something different, to introduction, suggest, perhaps, the difficulty of understanding one’s own motivations, especially concerning deeply felt emotions. The self that he assumed with Maxine is abandoned, an empty shell of essay a self he can walk away from with few regrets. New Century Financial Case Study Solution? It is not who Gogol is. Indeed, Gogol defines himself primarily by who he isn’t, by and secondary essay rejecting or refusing to choose potential definitions, as he did when he was a baby and essay refused to choose the object that was supposed to foretell his occupation in essay life. There seems to be in Gogol a reluctance to explore on introduction literary, his own, to make the active choices through which some people can gain a sense of emory self. After Ashoke’s death, a memory returns to Gogol, a memory of essays against democrats one of the few significant exchanges between father and son Lahiri reports which did not involve a discussion of Nikolai Gogol, perhaps because it suggests an and secondary essay, idea about literary essay identity so different from that of Gogol, of identity as something to be actively created.

(Yet it too is one of the many simultaneous and contradictory truths about reality and emory identity). Ashoke takes Gogol Ganguli on a walk on essay, Cape Cod, picking their way over the rocks to emory essay, the last point of land, the furthest point east, the place where they can go no further, with Gogol literally following in his father’s footsteps. “Try to against democrats, remember it always,” his father tells him. “Remember that you and I made this journey, that we went together to a place where there was nowhere left to and secondary essay, go” (187). The anecdote is an open metaphor, and although Gogol Ganguli himself doesn’t seem to explore its meaning, the emblematic image seems to suggest the way in which his father had wanted to guide him, to new century financial corporation case study, show him that exploration could be exhilarating, that he wasn’t “too little” to discover for himself where he could go and what he could do. It also suggests that the action of seeking can in itself be part of who one is, how one defines himself. However, at emory the time, and indeed even as an adult, Gogol doesn’t seem to a loving father, understand this meaning or this feeling. In fact quite the opposite emory essay sensation occurs to him later, when he is in Paris with his new wife Moushumi on what could have been like a honeymoon for them but which is not. He looks at the way in which Moushumi had created a new life in a foreign country for on family genogram paper, herself when she had lived in Paris before she met him. He thinks, “here Moushumi had reinvented herself, without misgivings, without guilt … He realizes that this is what their parents had done in America. What he, in all likelihood, will never do” (233).

The choice of Moushumi as a lover and then a wife seems to have been part of an unconscious attempt to concretize another identity, an and secondary, adult identity that would connect him to introduction, his childhood world an.

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Add a citation and create a bibliography. And Secondary! Before you can create a bibliography you need to on family paper, have at emory least one citation and mfa creative writing faculty source in emory and secondary your document that will appear in your bibliography. If you don't have all of the information that you need about a source to create a complete citation, you can use a placeholder citation, and then complete the source information later. Note: Placeholder citations do not appear in the bibliography. Add a new citation and source to a document.

On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click the arrow next to Style . Click the style that you want to essays democrats, use for the citation and emory essay source. For example, social sciences documents usually use the MLA or APA styles for citations and sources. Essays On Family Paper! Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to cite. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Insert Citation . Do one of the following: To add the source information, click Add New Source , then begin to fill in the source information by clicking the arrow next to Type of source . For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. To add a placeholder, so that you can create a citation and fill in the source information later, click Add New Placeholder . Emory And Secondary! A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. Fill in on family the bibliography information for the source. To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box. Now you can create your bibliography. If you choose a GOST or ISO 690 style for emory and secondary, your sources and a citation is not unique, append an alphabetic character to the year. For example, a citation would appear as [Pasteur, 1848a].

If you choose ISO 690-Numerical Reference and your citations still don't appear consecutively, you must click the ISO 690 style again, and corporation then press ENTER to correctly order the citations. Add additional citations from a previously used source. You can easily access citations you added previously. In fact, you can reuse them throughout your document. It's simple. Emory Essay! Place the cursor where you want to insert a citation, and click References Insert Citation . Find the citation by the Author or Tag name , and select the corporation case study citation. Tip: You can insert a placeholder if you need to look up a citation later. Click References Insert Citation . Click Add New Placeholder , and emory and secondary essay create a unique Tag name . Resume Antonym! Find the Placeholder in your content, and click the text to Edit Source details. Emory Essay! Now that you’ve inserted one or more citations and sources in your document you can create your bibliography. Mfa Creative Writing Faculty! Click where you want to insert a bibliography, usually at the end of the document. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Bibliography . Emory! Click a predesigned bibliography format to insert the bibliography into the document.

The list of sources that you use can become quite long. Mfa Creative Writing Faculty! At times you might search for a source that you cited in another document by using the Manage Sources command. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . If you open a new document that does not yet contain citations, all of the and secondary sources that you used in financial previous documents appear under Master List . If you open a document that includes citations, the sources for those citations appear under Current List . All the sources that you have cited, either in previous documents or in the current document, appear under Master List . To find a specific source, do one of the following: In the sorting box, sort by emory essay author, title, citation tag name, or year, and financial corporation case study solution then search the resulting list for the source that you want to find. In the Search box, type the title or author for the source that you want to find. The list dynamically narrows to emory and secondary, match your search term. On Family Genogram! Note: You can click the Browse button in Source Manager to select another master list from which you can import new sources into your document. For example, you might connect to a file on a shared server, on a research colleague's computer or server, or on a Web site that is hosted by essay a university or research institution. On the References tab, in college mfa creative the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . In the Source Manager dialog box, under Master List or Current List , select the source you want to edit, and then click Edit . Note: To edit a placeholder to add citation information, select the placeholder from Current List and click Edit . Emory And Secondary Essay! In the Edit Source dialog box, make the changes you want and click OK . Occasionally, you may want to create a placeholder citation, and introduction literary then wait until later to fill in the complete bibliography source information.

Any changes that you make to a source are automatically reflected in the bibliography, if you have already created one. And Secondary! A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . Under Current List , click the on family genogram placeholder that you want to edit. Note: Placeholder sources are alphabetized in emory and secondary essay Source Manager, along with all other sources, based on the placeholder tag name. By default, placeholder tag names contain the word Placeholder and a number, but you can customize the introduction literary placeholder tag name with whatever tag you want.

Begin to fill in the source information by clicking the arrow next to Type of source . Essay! For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. Fill in the bibliography information for the source. To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box.

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Essay: Definition of emerging markets. An emerging economy also known as (EME) can be defined as an economy that has low to and secondary essay middle per capita income. The term was first coined by Antoine W. Van Atmel of the international Finance Cooperation of the World Bank. The term is loosely defined by some countries. Countries that fall into this category are usually from very big countries to new century financial case solution small countries. They are called emerging countries because of their developments and reforms for example China and Tunisia because both have embarked on economic development and both have reform programs, and and secondary essay they have both taken the global scene by storm. They are called emerging countries because of their-fast growing economies.

They are called emerging markets because they have similar characteristics as developed markets, the only different is they haven’t met the standards of developed markets. They might have been developed markets in the past or they are on their way to being developed. The economic importance of emerging markets to the developed world. Emerging markets have become key players in the global economy. Emerging markets are important in introduction, the global world for they play a substantial and increasing role in the corporate profit pool since most EME companies have become asset classes in the economy which may be accounted for the increasing share in the global economy. Even though emerging markets are less transparent and less well covered than developed markets, most companies which have investors that invest in emerging markets argue that they are the best space core portfolio allocation to invest for the EME equity is vast, with thousands of companies, sectors and industries etc which make these markets major multinationals. The companies have a lot of advantages because they include sectors such as energy, finance and banking, transportation, telecom, housing, utilities, mining and more. Most of and secondary essay, these companies that invest in brooklyn college writing, emerging markets have very dominant roles in developed markets. Most emerging companies have strong fundamentals such as healthy corporate profits, positive cash flows, low cost structures, limited leverages and emory and secondary manageable debt profits which make them a compelling equity investment opportunity. South Africa’s role and importance in the BRICS partnership. South Africa has a huge role to introduction essay play as a member of emory and secondary, BRICS such as helping the rest of the African continent to have its own high standards.

This will help the continent to be a greater economic might. It can do this by exploring cross-border expansions in trade and infrastructure, as well as improving domestic productivity. South Africa can also help the rest of resume antonym, Africa by helping the continent improve its technology for this can help mitigate the scale and risk related frictions. It can also help reduce transaction cost, especially the fixed cost component. This can help in reducing the operational risks and it can also reduce theft and fraud. South Africa can assist other African countries by emory and secondary, helping them to brooklyn college mfa creative faculty move away from the brick- and mortar model of banking with high fixed costs toward a mobile phone technology, where most of the costs are variable, which can help overcome the diseconomies of scale.

South Africa can also improve Education as well as strengthening trade and and secondary essay infrastructure links. South Africa has the role to deal with the governance problems which carry on plaguing many private and government institutions throughout the against continent and undermine not only the market-based provision of essay, financial services. The government can put reforms which can be aimed at fixing market failures. New Century. These are the words of Jim O’Neil, Chairperson of Goldman Sachs Asset management. South Africa also has the role to act as regional in the rest of the Continent. South Africa does not only have a bridging role between the and secondary essay BRICS countries and Africa, but it also has the role to build a closer relationship among the BRICS countries and Africa. It also has the role to help African countries to play a greater role in international affairs. South Africa is important in BRICS because it adds the following values to resume antonym BRICS: It is important because of it natural resources which add significantly to the BRICS resource pool.

We know that South Africa is rich in minerals which saw it being ranked as the world’s richest country in terms of emory and secondary, mineral reserves. The country is essays against democrats, also the largest producer of platinum, manganese, the third largest gold-miner, and offers highly sophisticated services. Emory And Secondary. The continents riches Is what has led to the demand for its commodities such as metal, minerals and food from BRICS countries. Resume Antonym. This has led to growth in the continent making it possible for emory essay, South Africa to improve its railways, ports and fuel pipelines. Furthermore, it is important because of its financial market which has greatly contributed to the country being highly recognised by the World Economic Forum, which showed a lot of confidence in the country’s ranking which saw it being fourth place globally on corporation case study solution, its measure. South Africa’s export structures have also seen great diversity in the economy and its negative trade balance has been lowered compared to 2008 when it was R57 billion to R22.8 billion in 2011. The country’s political history has also worked in its favour because it has been recognised globally. South Africa’s constructive role in emory, global governance structures as well as position in numerals organisations has worked in resume antonym, the country’s favour.

The relative weight South Africa plays as an African broader economy and and secondary its own potential for development is also perceived an important economic base for essays against democrats, South Africa as a BRICS country. South Africa’s solid industrial foundation, a good investment environment and an internationalised economic system made it an important factor in BRICS. South Africa being a major supplier of precious metals and strategic minerals in the world market also made it important. It also being the main manufacturing base for these resources in sub-Saharan Africa, with its advantage of technology and management; the rapid development of the information and communications technology industry, and the clean energy and environmental protection industry also contributed. South Africa’s role in fixing the 2008 global economic crisis contributed. The effective measures adopted by the South African government which include the emory essay expansion of infrastructure investment, more investment on training the labour force, and introduction essay stepping up industrial upgrading to a knowledge-based economy contributed. Essay. South Africa playing a significant role in conflict resolution, disaster relief and college faculty development assistance and peacekeeping made it possible to push forward African solidarity which contributed to essay South Africa being part of BRICS for this portrayed an image for South Africa as a responsible regional power.

Factors that make it attractive for South Africa to be part of BRICS. South Africa’s vast minerals which are gold, platinum and diamonds worked on its side to be part of paper, BRICS. Emory. The following also made it easier for South Africa to be part of BRICS which include its excellent infrastructure, its established corporate footprint, its cultural innovation, easy access to literary finance for business, a stable macro and micro financial climate, an advanced banking system and functioning regulatory frameworks. Its unique historical background also worked in favour for and secondary essay, South Africa and its economic trajectory. There fact that the essays on family paper country shares its concerns in issues involving democracy such as law and order, economic inequality, social and cultural diverse populace, poverty and unemployment. The fact that South Africa stood firm on the issue that developed countries should bear the burden of climate change. Which led to the establishment of the Green Climate Fund which was said to essay lead to the emission cuts and which led to the development of technology in developing countries, South Africa was the only country that was committed to the use of renewable resources such as solar, wind and writing faculty waterpower which most of the and secondary other countries were not able to put into practice.

South Africa’s development path which has helped to bring forth tremendous political and economic development to the country made it attractive to be part of essays against democrats, BRICS. South Africa being able to meet the objectives of building an equal, democratic and progressive country also worked in the country’s favour. South Africa’s social development strategy of governing, as its way of emory and secondary, maintaining its democratic system also contributed. New (specific) trade partnerships/agreements among BRICS partnerships. Some of the trade agreements that have been signed by the BRICS member countries are the establishment of the Development of a New Bank.

It was said that the literary essay bank’s capital contribution would lead to the improvement of emory and secondary, infrastructure which would be both sufficient and substantial. In addition, the leaders also agreed on the contingent reserve agreement. This would help the BRICS countries deal with their short-term liquidity pressures which would help them strengthen their Global financial safety net and also their international defence and this would be done through the CRA. The BRICS countries also agreed to review this in their next meeting of BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in the September 2013 summit. Specific measures were taken between the BRICS countries to increase business, trade, manufacturing, and investment ties between BRICS and Africa. The summit also saw two agreements being concluded which are the BRICS multilateral cooperation which opened doors for Africa in about a loving, projects such as Co-Financing which would improve infrastructure across the continent. This has also led to the BRICS multilateral cooperation and Co-financing agreements for sustainable development which will explore and will lead to emory and secondary the establishment of bilateral agreements. Genogram Paper. This will also see the emory essay establishment of cooperation and democrats co-financing both in sustainable development and the Green economy. South Africa has also signed the Comprehensive strategic Partnership Agreement with China in 2010 which was due to South Africa’s achievements within the country and as well as regionally and internationally. BRICS member countries agreed to build upon their synergies and to work together to intensify trade and investment ‘ows among their countries to advance their respective industrial development and employment objectives.

They also agreed on the regular consultations amongst their Trade Ministers and and secondary essay also considering taking suitable measures to essays paper facilitate further consolidation of their trade and economic ties. They also agreed on emory and secondary essay, Extending Credit Facility in writing faculty, Local Currency under BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism and the Multilateral Letter of Credit Con’rmation Facility Agreement between their EXIM/Development Banks. Brazil, as a member of MERCOSUR, has signed a limited scope preferential trade agreement with India in 2004 and with SACU in 2008. A number of trade agreements are also in the pipeline, with the launching of emory and secondary essay, negotiations between China and SACU and subsequently India and SACU. MERCOSUR and India signed a framework trade agreement on 17 June 2003, which provided for the negotiation of a partial scope agreement signed on 25 January 2004 (annexes were signed on 19 March 2005). The agreement contains disciplines on safeguards, anti-dumping and countervailing measures, technical barriers to trade, and sanitary and case solution phytosanitary measures, as well as dispute settlement procedures and also the and secondary Multilateral, Regional and resume antonym Bilateral Agreement. Brazil adopted coordination, and implementation of trade policy in goods and services which is responsibility for the Chamber of Foreign Trade (CAMEX), created in 1995. Emory And Secondary Essay. The CAMEX is a part of the Government Council of the Presidency of the Republic.

Brazil has also extended its preferential regime to the countries of the Andean Community (Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela), Cuba and Peru via preferential agreements, and Surinam via a partial scope agreement. On Family Genogram Paper. In addition to MERCOSUR members, Brazil has extended its tari’ preferences to imports from Bolivia, Chile, and Mexico through MERCOSUR’s free-trade agreements; and to Guyana via the partial scope agreement under the framework of and secondary, LAIA. Russia has agreed on the Customs Regulation which provides a uni’ed list of CU-wide exemptions from the customs tari’ rates. The Agreement on General Conditions and Mechanism of Support for the Production Cooperation Development of Enterprises and Industries of mfa creative faculty, CIS Member States which is known as the Ashkhabad Agreement. It was signed by all CIS Members. The Agreement provides for coordinated policies in the sphere of emory essay, international specialization and essays industrial cooperation through joint projects and programmes. The Free Trade Agreement with the Republic of Yugoslavia which was applied equally between the and secondary essay Russian Federation and these countries. The original Agreement had not been rati’ed by the Russian Federation and it is still being applied provisionally. New Century Case Study Solution. The Agreement stipulates that the and secondary Parties would liberalize trade in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement and WTO rules in genogram paper, order to create a free trade regime. Countries which South Africa should seek trade links.

Political tension, violence and conflict all these reasons are all that led to African countries not trading with international countries in the past. These had a negative impact on African countries because it led to them having a negative economic growth. The growth of intra- Africa is very important because it can help small businesses to become competitive by helping them to create large scale corporations and they can do so by essay, weeding out big useless corporations that are less productive in the African market. African countries can also strengthen their productive chains and they can transfer technology and they can increase infrastructure which can attract foreign indirect investment. This is key to growth in the African continent. Since the continents internal trade is low, it is very important for introduction, the small businesses that are facing difficulties in the economy. South Africa should work hand in hand with African countries because most of its exports are taken to the world’s developed economies like the essay U.S, U.K and China while they can help develop each other’s economies and this can lead to job creation and essays about they can tackle the problem of infrastructure for essay, we know that infrastructure has always been a problem for most sub-Saharan countries.

All this is essays about, caused by the conflicts which have reduced the continent’s economic growth, productivity and emory this has even led to the raise of transport costs. According to the 2010 report by essays against democrats, the United Nations Economic Commission it shows that about 30 percent of the African roads are paved and as a consequence it is very expensive to move a car from one country to another, and a good example is Japan to Abidjan which would cost more than 5000 dollars. And Secondary. In order for South Africa and essays against democrats other African countries to be like international markets they have to be able to fully exploit their domestic markets to and secondary the fullest. On the bright side of things, increased trade between South Africa and African countries promises growth in the continent. In order for African countries to tackle the border issues, they first have to reduce the high fees that customs offices charge. For the World Bank and International Finance report of essays about, 2011 has shown that the sub-Saharan region is the world’s most expensive region to trade with. South Africa can seek trade links with other African countries but they first have to and secondary essay tackle the problems they facing which include lack of adequate road, rail, water, and also physical infrastructure. South Africa should develop and strengthen economic ties in Africa. South Africa should develop and strengthen most of its ties with Africa because most of its fortunes come mainly from this continent, especially the SADC region because of its manufactured goods and its service companies which make this region the key market for South Africa. Some may argue on the other hand that South Africa being part of BRICS does not have a positive impact in the country because in order for the country to interact with BRICS, they first have to demonstrate the ability to leverage linkages in terms of trade and investment for itself meaning before it can extend its ambition to the rest of Africa.

South Africa should consider strengthening its ties with the essay rest of Africa because most of its policies are considered weak by BRICS which has led to its failure to engage actively in the business sector and at a broader level. And Secondary Essay. South Africa should also strengthen it ties with Africa by genogram, dealing with the problems that the countries are facing which include lack of public support. Essay. For this problem is affecting most of the African countries. South Africa can strengthen it ties with Nigeria, Kenya, and essays on family Ethiopia which their economies are raising. But firstly, South Africa needs to firstly tackle the essay problems it has with its neighbouring countries for essays genogram paper, its actions has created doubts for emory and secondary, its ability to lead the rest of the continent and this can be traced back to 1973 when South Africa was not able to create a flying zone in Libya. South Africa needs to place domestic interests so it can protect its comparative advantage in Africa. South Africa should strengthen it ties with Africa for the mere fact that BRICS countries are in Africa to serve their economic interests and brooklyn college writing faculty South Africa should also do the same. South Africa and the rest of Africa can work together by reducing the cost of trade barriers, improving infrastructure, and dealing with strong labour unions, rising wages and low levels of technical management skills.

Although Africa and BRICS agreed that the BRICS market is an opportunity for Africa to improve its path to essay infrastructural, social and economic development, the economic bloc is financial corporation study solution, however, been used in the wrong way. Although China is investing in emory essay, Africa’s natural resources in exchange for essays, paving the way for infrastructure by emory, building roads and universities etc. This relationship is made difficult by the West. America for it continues its ‘race for mfa creative writing, natural resources with’ China. Africa at the end suffers because these superpowers compete to extract resources from emory Africa at the cheapest price. Donald Kaberuka last year said ‘Africa is being ripped off big time’ by multinational corporations for they do not get compensations for their resources, in mfa creative writing, exchange for the industrial development which takes profit from Africa. Africa is not being treated as a fair partner in the BRICS market and it is not benefitting. ‘Don’t come to Africa and emory essay help, come and introduction literary make because the and secondary essay highest return on new century financial, investment is in Africa,’ Mr Ibrahim said, and he is right; business is what Africa needs more than philanthropy. ‘It is essential that Africa is now able to and secondary do business in the BRICS market to the same extent that BRICS nations do business in Africa.’ Famous words by Donald Kaberuka, the former CEO of the united Bank Africa. African Banks should be allowed to operate in essay, China because China is also being allowed. The relationship has to go both ways.

Africa needs to invest in emory essay, companies that can process materials, create jobs in Africa and also create an attractive consumer market that will make it easier for BRICS countries to know that Africa is in a position to engage in trade. Mfa Creative Faculty. BRICS needs to allow the new entrepreneurs to invest in their countries just as they also investing in ours. I personally believe that South Africa needs to emory and secondary essay look beyond the democrats BRICS market, for emory and secondary essay, the mere fact that the African continent needs to grow and for the continent to grow, the case African countries need to work together. Since South Africa is rich in minerals, the country can work with other African countries to and secondary improve railways, ports and fuel pipelines. Financial Corporation Case Study. South Africa and other African countries can also improve the growth of intra-trade, for it is very important for and secondary essay, the establishment of small businesses in about father, the continent which can lead to the creation of jobs .The continent can also improve their productive chains, technology and can also increase infrastructure which will attract foreign indirect investment in the continent. South Africa needs to emory and secondary essay strengthen it ties with African countries because most of its fortunes come mainly from the continent, especially the SADC region because of its manufactured goods and services, which make this region the key market for South Africa. The African countries can also reduce the cost of trade barriers, improving infrastructure and dealing with strong labour unions. South Africa needs to put its leadership first before its responsibility in BRICS. It has to put integration, development and industrialisation on the continent. This can be achieved through the introduction essay Development Bank of Southern Africa, as well through the Industrial Development Co-operation agencies.

South Africa can open up opportunities which would focus on emory essay, Africa’s fast growing economies which include Kenya, Nigeria, Ethiopia and resume antonym Egypt. This approach would give South Africa more authority in Africa. South Africa can place this in its BRICS agenda. In conclusion, South Africa should increase its markets and its exports across the continent which would lead to a sustained African economic growth. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Economics essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Emory. Each of about a loving, us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

Just complete our simple order form and emory and secondary you could have your customised Economics work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Economics essay was submitted to us by a student in brooklyn mfa creative writing faculty, order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to emory and secondary provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Definition of emerging markets . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/economics/essay-definition-of-emerging-markets/ [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and brooklyn writing no longer wish to emory essay have it published on brooklyn writing, our website then please click on emory essay, the link below to request removal: 02-05-17 - Shrinking Merger Arbitrage Post Crisis; Why Now? 01-04-17 - PARAMETRIC MEASURE OF EXCHANGE RATE VOLATILITY IN KENYA 21-12-16 - Identify the correlation of economic growth (GDP), poverty reduction and reduction in on family, income inequality in Tanzania 06-11-16 - Resource curse 04-11-16 - Eurozone – economics 28-07-16 - To what extent has privatization and commercialization policy impacted Nigeria’s economic development - Comparative advantage 29-02-16 - Market risk 28-02-16 - Export of goods and services from various countries 27-02-16 - Japan’s contribution to emory ASEAN. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.

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