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English literature phd dissertation

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English Literature Phd Thesis

APPIC Internship Applications: Let Your Autobiographical Essay Shine. English Literature Phd Dissertation? Fall is in the air#8230;the leaves are changing. It#8217;s a time of transformation and reflection. This is also the perfect time to letter for account receivable, reflect on who you are and how to express that to internship directors. One of the most important and most scrutinized materials in your APPIC internship application is the autobiographical essay (Essay #1) , yet most students agree it is the hardest to english literature, write. While there is cover receivable clerk no exact method that is “right,” there is some strategy to it, and english literature phd dissertation, below I’m sharing some tips for how to make the best impression and maximize the impact of your essay. There is cover letter for account receivable clerk very little in your application, apart from this essay, that really gives directors a feel for who you are as a person; this is entirely different than the credentials you submit that are focused exclusively on your training. In addition to a good training fit (that I discussed in my last blog entry), directors want to work with someone they feel they can connect with , and english phd dissertation, this is your opportunity to reveal your personality to them. This essay should focus on you as a person, so while you need to keep it relevant (see #6), this means more than just a list of your training experiences or graduate school accomplishments. They can already see that in the other materials you submit; remember, don’t squander this opportunity to introduce directors to the “personal you” that they can’t see elsewhere. Teaching Essays? Be genuine.

Be yourself. Don#8217;t try to write an essay about english literature phd dissertation, something that you think sounds good but isn’t truly authentic; trying to figure out what kind of intern sites are looking for, and trying to create a narrative to fit that, is not a good strategy . If you identified your true training goals and selected sites that are a good fit, then your authentic (well-conveyed) narrative should naturally appeal to directors of those sites. For Account Receivable? When deciding on a focus for the autobiographical essay, consider what you really want to convey to directors, what quality or personal characteristic you possess that makes you uniquely you, and english phd dissertation, how that contributes to than burger essay, making you a more evolved or self-aware, or uniquely empathic, etc. emerging clinician. English Literature? If appropriate, consider discussing life-changing events that define who you are. Even negative life events such as loss, illness, adversity, etc. can be discussed, but focus on on pedagogy how these events were transformative in a positive way and what lessons or insights you learned, not on how tragic they were.

The emphasis should be on how you coped with it, learned from it, overcame it, and eventually, used it, to become more self-aware and english phd dissertation, grow from it . Essay? You can convey a compelling story about something that may have been difficult, but maintain the focus on the positive. This essay should move the reader and let him or her really get a glimpse of literature phd dissertation who you are. By the end of it, you want the reader thinking, “I’d really like to meet/work with this person.” Try to stay away from cliches and the trap of writing about how you were “always interested in psychology” or “everyone always thought I was a good listener.” While that may be true, something personal had to have drawn you to the field. Mcdonalds Than Burger? If you can identify that, and really create a sincere and literature phd dissertation, engaging narrative about it, while tying it in to your evolution as a psychologist, you will have a more compelling (and successful) essay. Not everything that’s happened to mcdonalds than burger king, us that we think is important will be relevant for english this essay. On Boyz Hood? Ask yourself, “Does talking about this issue, or event, or aspect of myself, really convey the message I want?” and is it genuinely related in some way to your evolution as a clinician, or healer? Again, don’t “force” that connection; it should be a natural one. If it’s not, then reconsider the essay topic.

If your interest in psychology was naturally more academic than related to phd dissertation, a personal event or circumstance, or you would simply prefer not to talk about your private personal life, that’s ok. However, it still needs to be a personal essay, so consider some aspect of your work with patients that is genuinely compelling for you, and try to craft an essay around that. You can start by on pedagogy, thinking about english phd dissertation, a particular patient, or a specific moment with a patient(s) that truly moved you, or validated your desire and the meaning of being a healer . Mcdonalds Better Than? You should still begin the essay with some kind of anecdote that captures this, and then work from there. This can also make for a very compelling essay. Remember, directors are reading LOTS of these essays, so keeping them engaged is half the strategy . Phd Dissertation? Having a compelling story with a well written narrative is necessary. Consider starting with a very engaging, or #8220;seductive#8221; first sentence that can really grab the reader, right from the beginning, and make them want to read on. It doesn’t have to be a long sentence, and it can even be a quote, a song lyric—anything that captures the essay on it brains than beauty essence of your message. Start with that and literature phd dissertation, build the essay around it. Make sure to somehow make reference to it at the end too; wrapping up your essay by connecting it back to on pedagogy, the beginning is also a good strategy. It should tell a story about you, with a beginning, middle and literature phd dissertation, end . Essay On Pedagogy? Make sure it sends a cohesive message about you.

Try to utilize transitional sentences when bridging topics, and english, don#8217;t forget a summary statement at the end that ties it all together and really brings your message home. It should wrap back, at mcdonalds better than king essay, the end, to english literature phd dissertation, how this “story” about you ultimately translates into who you are (as a clinician) in the room with the patient . How is the cover letter aspect of yourself you decided to english phd dissertation, write about an letter receivable asset as a therapist? If it’s something transformative that really had an impact on you, chances are you have learned something profound from it about human nature, and phd dissertation, about yourself, which helps your understanding of patients—so make sure to state that in some way. Essay? Tip #10: Remember the english literature phd dissertation Word Limit#8230;Unless You#8217;re Writing. We all know the essay is better than word limit is english literature phd dissertation 500, and I know doing everything I described above in what makes essay 500 words or less is phd dissertation definitely a challenge. Essay Brains Beauty? However, try not to censor yourself and worry about the length AS you’re writing—just write . English? You can edit later. If you find your essay is way too long, consider whether you need a “hatchet” or “scalpel” approach —that is, can you cut entire sections or sentences without compromising the message or the hood quality of the writing, or do you perhaps need to go in and condense sentences and be more parsimonious in expressing yourself? That being said, if you go up to 550 or even 560-ish, that’s ok; no director is going to think you are a “bad” match or that you can’t follow instructions because you went a little over 500 words; it’s a guideline, so use it as such.

Do not make arbitrary cuts simply to reach that number. As long as it fits onto a single page with 1-inch margins, it should be ok. English Phd Dissertation? Most directors just gauge the length by essay, “eyeballing” it; no one is really counting words . English Literature Phd Dissertation? If it looks the average length, it’s fine, if you go over the word limit significantly, and it’s obvious, it probably won’t matter by how much at that point—the (negative) impression has been made. Tip #11: Don#8217;t Forget it#8217;s a Writing Sample! Make sure to you mad, show off your writing skills and always check for typos, grammar and language. Have someone with good editing skills read it and comment on it, but be careful about english literature phd dissertation, taking advice about the content of the essay if your audience doesn’t really have a context for knowing what directors are looking for. Better Than King Essay? Many people mean well, especially family and friends, but they may not be the best judges. If you do want “lay” people—read: non-psychologists or those unconnected to the internship process—review it, then the best way to make the most out of it, rather than simply asking for open-ended feedback, is to give them a lot of context for it, and explain a little bit about what you aim to literature, convey BEFORE they read the essay. After they’ve read it, see if they agree you’ve conveyed your message in a strong, positive, compelling fashion. Essay? Latest posts by Josephine Minardo, PsyD (see all) Ace Your Case Presentations #038; Vignettes in APPIC Internship Interviews - December 9, 2015 APPIC Internship Applications: Is it Really All About the #8220;Match#8221;? - September 22, 2015 APPIC Internship Application Cover Letters - October 24, 2012. Very well written, with extremely pertinent and valid points.

This was very well written indeed. Super helpful. Literature Phd Dissertation? Thank you!

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Doctoral Dissertation In English …

liancha thesis Many in Maj'Eyal have heard of demons, sadistic creatures who appear seemingly from nowhere, leaving a trail of suffering and destruction whereever they go. Phd Dissertation. Their Fearscape floats far above the skies, watching and waiting, but not idly; their agents scout the land, their legions build up their forces, and their scholars develop new spells and strategies. As the cover letter for account receivable barrier between our worlds begins to phd dissertation, crack under their scrutiny, helpless Eyalites have begun to disappear, whisked up to serve as their slaves and playthings. They imbue these victims with magical powers to mcdonalds than burger king, better survive the literature ensuing stresses - can you use your new-found abilities to escape the legions of cover letter for account, Mal'Rok? Start with a new class, the Doombringer! These avatars of demonic destruction charge into english literature phd dissertation, battle with massive two-handed weapons, cutting swaths of firey devastation through hordes of mcdonalds than burger king, opponents. English Literature. Armed with flame magic and demonic strength, they delight in fighting against overwhelming odds, softening up the crowd with waves of what makes you mad, fire, then feeding on the flames and suffering of their surroundings to stay alive while quickly reducing any group to a pile of ash and literature gore.

Unlock a new class, the Demonologist, with an all-new item enhancement mechanic! Bearing a shield and the magic of the better burger king essay Spellblaze itself, these melee-fighting casters can grow demonic seeds from their fallen enemies. Imbue these seeds onto english phd dissertation, your items to gain a wide array of essay n the hood, new talents and passive benefits, and summon the demons within them to fight on your side! Ever looked at a gigantic demon-cursed minotaur and wished it was on your side for once? Well, now you CAN summon one to pound your foes into paste while you cast devastating spells from afar, or call forth a squad of Fire Imps to english literature phd dissertation, pelt your enemies to death while they exhaust themselves on your impenetrable defenses! Demons have persistent health, making them a little more precious than disposable necromancer skeletons or summoner beasts, but can be revived from death nonetheless. Two new zones, with all-new art, foes, and bosses! You've seen the plains of the Fearscape before, now see the lairs and headquarters of the demons themselves! Over 10,000 words of written lore to find!

The demons were once an enlightened, peaceful race, hailing from a distant planet known as Mal'Rok; learn what drove them to plot Eyal's eternal torture! Discover monuments to each of the demonic species and noteworthy individuals, showing the place of honor each has among them! Get a glimpse into the culture and daily lives of these sadistic invaders and their brainwashed thralls! Unlock a new race, Doomelves: Shalore who've taken to burger essay, the demonic alterations especially well, corrupting their typical abilities into a darker form. Blink away to safety, transform into a shadowy duathedlen to hide in the shadows or prey on your foes with blasts of darkness, use your new resilience to soak up status effects and critical hits, and assault your enemies' minds to leave them unsteady in combat! Between the aforementioned classes and Doomelves, a whopping 75 new talents!

Unlock two new cosmetic options! You know you've always wanted demon-horns. English Phd Dissertation. Two new events, appearing anywhere in on boyz n the hood Eyal! 20 new artifacts, with unique and interesting effects. Collect the Obsidian Treasures to amass more and more power! Slip your hands into the Will of phd dissertation, Ul'Gruth and hood watch your sweeping blows smash down walls! Wear a giant hideous hell-mouth as a fashionable belt! 7 new achievements! Conquer the literature phd dissertation worst Urh'Rok's forces can throw at on boyz n the, you, and hang their metaphorical skulls from your profile page! One year has passed since the english literature phd dissertation one the Orcs call the Scourge from the West came and single-handedly crushed the Orc Prides of mcdonalds than essay, Grushnak, Vor, Gorbat, and phd dissertation Rak'Shor. The Allied Kingdoms, now linked by you mad, farportal to their distant, long-lost Sunwall allies, have helped them conquer most of Var'Eyal.

The few remnants of the ravaged Prides are caged. Literature Phd Dissertation. but one Pride remains. Kruk Pride, isolated on an island, is the last orcish settlement that stands; they, too, face their impending doom. You Mad Essay. The Sunwall has blockaded the literature only exit point from the on pedagogy island, and now, the english phd dissertation technologically advanced civilization of Steam Giants have come down from the essay on boyz n the hood mountains to english literature phd dissertation, take their homeland with machines and weaponry unlike anything else on Eyal. Kruk Pride has reverse-engineered their technology before; their only hope is to do it again and teaching and solution rise up against the Pride's foes. Explore a whole new campaign from level 1 to 50, one year after the events of the literature original Tales of Maj'Eyal campaign.

Liberate the Orcs (or die trying) by rising up against the Sunwall, the Steam Giants of and solution essays, Atmos, and other dangers that may lie in literature wait. On It To Have Than. Play as one of three new races: the battle-hardened Orcs, the brutal Yetis, and english the unstoppable Whitehooves. Discover their stories, their pains, their hopes. and their awesome racial powers! Risk your life in over 20 unique zones! Explore the ruins of a lost city, lay siege to the Sunwall forces at the Gates of essay on it brains, Morning, and raid the Steam Giants' mining quarry - each has its own unique foes and hazards, leading each to feel and play different from the others. English. Play as one of the three new tinker classes: Gunslingers, Sawbutchers, and essay on it is better to have brains beauty Psyshots! Crush and rend your foes with heavy metal, electrocute and immolate them with your gadgets, charge across the battlefield or nimbly strafe in phd dissertation style - each plays differently, and none provide any shortage of essay is better brains beauty, ways to slay your foes. English Literature Phd Dissertation. Master steam technology to build powerful tinkers to augment your equipment.

Need to close in essay a bit quicker? Turn your boots into rocket boots! Having a hard time deciding whether to shoot someone or stab them? Build a Hand Cannon into your gloves, or deploy a Weapon Automaton to do the stabbing for you! If you have a problem, steamtech has a solution, usually involving explosions; with over 80 different powerful contraptions to craft, enjoy unparalleled versatility and trying something different with every playthrough.

Master the tactical uses of over english literature phd dissertation 140 talents! Fire bouncing trick-shots and psychic-infused shots, use your steamsaws as shields or wheels, terrify your foes with long mechanical arms - there are no boring talents here, everything has its own special applications and properties! Use advanced technology in the world of Eyal! Burrow through sand, plant bombs to destroy tunnels, and discover that you aren't alone in using it. Makes. Infusions and literature runes are for puny humans; implant new medical injectors to pump an array of experimental chemicals into your body! Injectors can use any (infinitely reusable) salve in your inventory as long as they're off their cooldown, giving you versatility you've wished you could get with a couple of inscriptions. Loot over 70 new and powerful artifacts. Essay On Pedagogy. Pump lead into foes with big guns, quick guns, and explosive guns! Shred them with saws that maim, saws that thirst for blood, and saws that aren't really saws!

Violate common sense by strapping a rocket to english literature phd dissertation, your back and calling it a jetpack! Enjoy dying in horrible and exotic ways at the hands (or claws, jaws, guns. ) of over what you mad essay 140 new creatures! Not mere piles of stats and chain-stuns, these foes will provide unique challenges - suffer the english literature phd dissertation Sunwall's newest cosmic spells, the teaching problem new breeds of ritches that infest and multiply, the literature phd dissertation Steam Giants' elaborate defense systems, and find new strategies to adapt to each! Earn a trunkload of achievements! Have your accomplishments recognized for liberating the Orcish people, displaying exceptional mercy or cruelty, or showing your prowess with impressive feats!

Give a boss a fate worse than death, show Sunwall forces how frustrating it is to problem essays, fight a Radiant Horror as a paladin, come out on top against impossible odds, display a suicidal lack of english literature, situational awareness, and for account wear a badge of pride or shame for each! Read roughly 27,000 words of english literature phd dissertation, new lore to immerse yourself in the world! Learn how things have changed since the Scourge's campaign, feel hatred and/or pity for your foes, uncover grand schemes and sinister plots, and essay brains than beauty notice the elaborate connections between Var'Eyal's numerous factions. Every zone has a story behind it, and every story ties into a bigger picture; enjoy a tale of horror and humor, of english literature phd dissertation, intrigue and glory, of despair and hope. Makes You Mad. Earn the right to use the classic (and Ashes of Urh'Rok) classes in Embers of english phd dissertation, Rage, and the new tinker classes in Maj'Eyal! Play a Brawler in the East to fulfill your life-long dream of suplexing an entire nation of letter for account receivable, giants, or play a Sawbutcher in Maj'Eyal to shred through Dreadfell in a whirlwind of english, sawblades and steam! Killed by mcdonalds better than essay, elven cultist at level 11 on the 10th Flare 122nd year of Ascendancy at english literature, 01:18. Killed by elven cultist at than burger king, level 11 on the 10th Flare 122nd year of literature phd dissertation, Ascendancy at 01:43. Use mode: Activated. Travel Speed: instantaneous.

Usage Speed: Instant ( 0% of a turn) Is: a nature gift. Description: Activate the infusion to cure yourself of one random physical effect and essay hood reduce all damage taken by 14% for english literature phd dissertation, 4 turns. Use mode: Activated. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Standard ( 100% of a turn) Is: a nature gift.

Description: Activate the infusion to heal yourself for is better to have beauty, 60 life over 5 turns. Use mode: Passive. Description: Your combat focus allows you to regenerate stamina faster (+0.0 stamina/turn). Use mode: Passive. Description: Your combat focus allows you to literature phd dissertation, regenerate life faster (+1.4 life/turn). Use mode: Passive. Description: Rigorous training allows you to be more resistant to essay, some spell effects (+0 spell save). Use mode: Passive. Description: You revel in english literature phd dissertation the death of your foes, regaining 0.0 stamina with each death you cause.

Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 3. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of teaching problem essays, a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Spray forth a glob of literature phd dissertation, acidic moisture at on it to have, your enemy. The target will take 69.79 Mindpower-based acid damage.

Enemies struck have a 25% chance to be Disarmed for english phd dissertation, three turns, as their weapon is rendered useless by an acid coating. At Talent Level 5, this becomes a piercing line of acid. Every level in on it than beauty Acidic Spray additionally raises your Mindpower by 4, passively. Each point in acid drake talents also increases your acid resistance by literature, 1%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 10. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of essays, a turn)

Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Exhale a mist of lingering acid, dealing 16.29 acid damage that can critical in a radius of 2 each turn for english, 6 turns. Enemies in teaching problem and solution essays this mist will be corroded for 2 turns, lowering their Accuracy, their Armour and english phd dissertation their Defense by 3. The damage and duration will increase with your Mindpower, and the radius will increase with talent level. Each point in acid drake talents also increases your acid resistance by 1%.

Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 10. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You strike the enemy with a rain of makes essay, fast, acidic blows. You strike four times for pure acid damage. Every blow does 10% damage. Every two talent levels, one of your strikes becomes blinding acid instead of normal acid, blinding the target 25% of the time if it hits. Each point in english literature acid drake talents also increases your acid resistance by 1%. Use mode: Activated.

Equilibrium cost: 12. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You breathe acid in a frontal cone of radius 2. Any target caught in the area will take 17.77 acid damage. Enemies caught in the acid have a 21% chance of their weapons becoming useless for three turns. The damage will increase with your Strength, and the critical chance is based on your Mental crit rate. Is Better To Have Brains. The Disarm chance is based on your Mindpower. Each point in acid drake talents also increases your acid resistance by 1%. Use mode: Activated.

Equilibrium cost: 5. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You summon a powerful gust of wind, knocking back your foes within a radius of 1 up to 3 tiles away and phd dissertation damaging them for 110% weapon damage. Every level in Wing Buffet additionally raises your Physical Power and Accuracy by mcdonalds than king essay, 4, passively. Each point in literature phd dissertation fire drake talents also increases your fire resistance by essay on it to have brains, 1%.

Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 8. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You let out a powerful roar that sends your foes into utter confusion for 3 turns in a radius of 0. The sound wave is so strong, your foes also take 13.32 physical damage.

The damage improves with your Strength. Each point in fire drake talents also increases your fire resistance by 1%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 6. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn)

Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Spit a cloud of flames, doing 2.33 fire damage in a radius of 0 each turn for 2 turns. The flames will ignore the phd dissertation caster, and will drain 10% of the damage dealt as the flames consume enemies life force and transfer it to the user. The damage will increase with your Mindpower, and can critical. Each point in fire drake talents also increases your fire resistance by 1%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 12. Travel Speed: instantaneous.

Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You breathe fire in essay on boyz n the hood a frontal cone of radius 2. Any target caught in english phd dissertation the area will take 21.81 fire damage over 3 turns, and has a 25% chance of essay, being Flameshocked for 3 turns, stunning them. The damage will increase with your Strength, and the critical chance is based on your Mental crit rate. Each point in fire drake talents also increases your fire resistance by phd dissertation, 1%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 10. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Instant ( 0% of what, a turn) Is: a nature gift and english literature a mind power. Description: You transform into pure lightning, moving 372% faster for 0 game turns.

Also provides 30% physical damage resistance and 100% lightning resistance. Any actions other than moving will stop this effect. Note: since you will be moving very fast, game turns will pass very slowly. Levels in Lightning Speed additionally raises your Movement Speed by 0%, passively. Each point in receivable clerk storm drake talents also increases your lightning resistance by 1%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 20. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn)

Is: a nature gift and literature a mind power. Description: Generate an electrical field around you in a radius of for account receivable, 0. Any creature caught inside will lose up to 2.4% of english phd dissertation, its current life (1.6% if the target is Elite or Rare, 1.2% if the target is what makes essay, a Unique or Boss, and 0.9% if they are an Elite Boss.). This life drain is literature phd dissertation, irresistable, but can be saved against with physical save. Additionally, it will deal 6.93 lightning damage afterwards, regardless of essay n the, target rank. Current life loss and english lightning damage will increase with your Mindpower, and the lightning damage element can critically hit with mental critical chances. Each point in storm drake talents also increases your lightning resistance by 1%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 14. Travel Speed: 400% of base. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn)

Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Summons a tornado that moves slowly toward its target, following it if it changes position. Any foe caught in letter for account receivable clerk its path takes 4.03 lightning damage. When it reaches its target, it explodes in english literature a radius of 0 for 7.73 lightning damage and on it than beauty 7.73 physical damage. Literature. All affected creatures will be knocked back, and the targeted creature will be stunned for cover clerk, 1 turns. The blast will ignore the talent user. The tornado will last for english, 1 turns, or until it reaches its target. Damage will increase with your Mindpower, and the stun chance is based on mcdonalds better than burger king, your Mindpower vs target Physical Save. Each point in english literature phd dissertation storm drake talents also increases your lightning resistance by 1%.

Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 12. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You breathe lightning in a frontal cone of radius 2. Any target caught in the area will take 7.47 to 22.42 lightning damage, and on pedagogy have a 21% chance to be dazed for 3 turns. The damage will increase with your Strength, and the critical chance is based on your Mental crit rate. The Daze chance is based on english, your Mindpower. Each point in storm drake talents also increases your lightning resistance by than, 1%. Use mode: Activated.

Equilibrium cost: 4. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Attack the target for 263% Nature weapon damage. If the attack brings your target below 28% life or kills it, you can try to swallow it, killing it automatically and phd dissertation regaining life and equilibrium depending on its level. The chance to on pedagogy, swallow depends on english literature phd dissertation, your talent level and the relative size of the essay beauty target. Levels in Swallow additionally raises your Physical and Mental critical rate by 12%, passively.

Each point in sand drake talents also increases your physical resistance by literature phd dissertation, 0.5%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 4. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of than burger, a turn) Is: a nature gift and literature phd dissertation a mind power.

Description: You slam the n the hood ground, shaking the area around you in english literature a radius of 1. Creatures caught by the quake will be damaged for 130% weapon damage, and on boyz n the knocked back up to 3 tiles away. The terrain will also be moved around within the english radius, and the user will be shifted to a random square within the radius. Each point in essay on pedagogy sand drake talents also increases your physical resistance by english literature phd dissertation, 0.5%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 15. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and on it than beauty a mind power. Description: Allows you to burrow into earthen walls for 1 turns. Your powerful digging abilities also allow you to literature, exploit and smash through enemy defensive weaknesses; You ignore 11 of target armor and 6% of enemy physical damage resistance while this is in effect.

At Talent Level 5, this talent can be used instantly, and what makes essay the cooldown will reduce with levels. Each point in literature phd dissertation sand drake talents also increases your physical resistance by 0.5%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 12. Travel Speed: instantaneous.

Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of what, a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You breathe sand in a frontal cone of radius 2. Any target caught in the area will take 16.51 physical damage, and english literature will be blinded for letter for account receivable clerk, 2 turns. The damage will increase with your Strength, and the critical chance is based on phd dissertation, your Mental crit rate. Each point in sand drake talents also increases your physical resistance by 0.5%. Use mode: Activated.

Equilibrium cost: 3. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of essay on pedagogy, a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You call upon the mighty claw of literature, a cold drake and rake a wave of freezing cold in front of you, doing 168% weapon damage as Ice damage in a cone of 1. Essay To Have Than Beauty. Ice damage gives a chance of english phd dissertation, freezing the on pedagogy target. Every level in Ice Claw additionally raises your Physical, Mental and literature phd dissertation Spell Saves by 4. Each point in essay on boyz n the hood cold drake talents also increases your cold resistance by 1%. Use mode: Sustained.

Sustain equilibrium cost: 10. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Your skin forms icy scales and your flesh toughens, increasing your Maximum Life by 13% and english literature your Armour by 10. You also deal 26.31 cold damage to any enemies that physically strike you. Each point in cold drake talents also increases your cold resistance by 1%. The life increase will scale with your Talent Level, and your Armour and retaliation cold damage will scale with Mindpower. Use mode: Activated.

Equilibrium cost: 10. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Summons an icy wall of 3 length for 4 turns. Ice walls are transparent, but block projectiles and enemies.

Ice walls also emit freezing cold, dealing 3.01 damage for each ice wall within radius 1 of an teaching enemy, and with each wall giving a 25% chance to freeze an enemy. Literature Phd Dissertation. This cold cannot hurt the talent user or their allies. Each point in cold drake talents also increases your cold resistance by 1%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 12. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn)

Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: You breathe ice in cover letter for account clerk a frontal cone of radius 2. Any target caught in the area will take 19.71 cold damage, will be slowed 20% for three turns, and has a 25% to be frozen for a few turns (higher rank enemies will be frozen for a shorter time). The damage will increase with your Strength, and the critical chance is based on your Mental crit rate. Each point in cold drake talents also increases your cold resistance by 1%. Use mode: Activated. Stamina cost: 9.1.

Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Shield ( 117% of a turn) Description: Hits the target with two shield strikes, doing 100% and english literature 120% shield damage. If it hits a second time, it stuns the target for 1 turns. The stun chance increases with your Accuracy and and solution your Strength. Use mode: Passive.

Description: Improves your ability to perform counterstrikes after blocks in english literature the following ways: Allows counterstrikes after incomplete blocks. Increases the to have duration of the counterstrike debuff on attackers by 0 turn. Increases the number of literature phd dissertation, counterstrikes you can perform on a target while they're vulnerable by you mad essay, 0. Increases the crit chance of counterstrikes by 11%.

This increase scales with your Dexterity. Use mode: Activated. Stamina cost: 13.7. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Shield ( 117% of a turn) Description: Hit your target with your shield 3 times for 30% damage then quickly return to a blocking position. English Literature. The bonus block will not check or trigger Block cooldown. Use mode: Activated. Stamina cost: 18.2.

Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Shield ( 117% of a turn) Description: Hits the target with your shield, doing 80% damage. Teaching And Solution Essays. If it hits, you follow up with two automatic critical hits with your weapon, doing 80% base damage each. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 10. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Unleash raw, chaotic elemental damage upon your enemy. You strike your enemy for english phd dissertation, 161% weapon damage in one of blinding sand, disarming acid, freezing and slowing ice, dazing lightning or stunning flames, with equal odds.

Additionally, you will cause a burst that deals 60.23 of essay, that damage to english phd dissertation, enemies in radius 1, regardless of if you hit with the blow. Levels in cover for account clerk Prismatic Slash increase your Physical and Mental attack speeds by english, 3%. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 12. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and essay to have brains than beauty a mind power. Description: You breathe crippling poison in a frontal cone of english literature, radius 2. Any target caught in the area will take 5.02 nature damage each turn for 6 turns.

The poison also gives enemies a 7% chance to fail actions more complicated than basic attacks and movement, while it is in effect. The damage will increase with your Strength, and the critical chance is based on your Mental crit rate. Each point in Venomous Breath also increases your nature resistance by 3%, and your nature damage by 4%. Use mode: Passive. Description: You have the mental prowess of a Wyrm. Your Cunning is increased by 0, and essay your breath attack cooldowns are reduced by -9. You gain 3% knockback resistance, and english your blindness and cover for account receivable clerk stun resistances are increased by 2%. Use mode: Passive. Description: You have gained the full power of the multihued dragon, and have become both resistant and attuned to literature phd dissertation, physical, fire, cold, lightning and essay hood acid damage. Your resistance to these elements is increased by 0.0% and english literature all damage you deal with them is increased by 0.0% with 0.8% resistance penetration. Use mode: Activated.

Stamina cost: 9.1. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Weapon ( 97% of a turn) Description: Hits the target with your weapon, doing 100% damage. You Mad Essay. If the english attack hits, the target is stunned for 0 turns. The stun chance increases with your Physical Power.

Use mode: Activated. Stamina cost: 18.2. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Weapon ( 97% of and solution essays, a turn) Description: Take a step toward your foes using the momentum to cleave all creatures in a 3 wide arc in front of literature, you for 70% weapon damage. If you failed to move the damage is on boyz hood, instead 35%. Use mode: Activated. Stamina cost: 34.2. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Weapon ( 97% of a turn)

Description: Spin around, extending your weapon and damaging all targets around you for 140% weapon damage. At level 3 all damage done will also make the targets bleed for english, an additional 0% damage over on it is better brains 5 turns. Use mode: Activated. Stamina cost: 28.5. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Weapon ( 97% of english phd dissertation, a turn) Description: Takes advantage of a wounded foe to perform a killing strike. This attack is an essay automatic critical hit that does 1.0% extra weapon damage for each % of life the target is below maximum. (A victim with 30% remaining life (70% damaged) would take 170.0% weapon damage.) Use mode: Sustained. Travel Speed: instantaneous.

Usage Speed: Instant ( 0% of phd dissertation, a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Meditate on your link with Nature. While meditating, you regenerate 5 equilibrium per turn, your Mental Save is than burger essay, increased by phd dissertation, 13, and your healing factor increases by 11%. Your deep meditation does not, however, let you deal damage correctly, reducing the damage you and your summons deal by 50%.

Also, any time you are resting (even with Meditation not sustained) you enter a simple meditative state that lets you regenerate 0.50 equilibrium per turn. The effects will increase with your Mindpower. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 10. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of mcdonalds than burger king essay, a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Touch a target (or yourself) to infuse it with Nature, healing it for english literature, 151 (this heal does not work on undead). The amount healed will increase with your Mindpower. Use mode: Activated.

Equilibrium cost: 3. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of essay, a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Using your connection to english literature, Nature, you can see your surrounding area in a radius of 4. Also, while meditating, you are able to detect the essay on pedagogy presence of creatures around you in a radius of 2. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 20. Fixed Cooldown: 50.

Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: Your deep link with Nature allows you to phd dissertation, reset the cooldown of essay on boyz hood, 2 of your wild gifts of english phd dissertation, tier 0 or less. Use mode: Sustained.

Sustain equilibrium cost: 15. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and cover letter for account receivable clerk a mind power. Description: Surround yourself with a myriad of tiny, nearly invisible, healing fungi. Any regeneration effect active on you will have its duration increased by +1 turns. Use mode: Passive. Description: Improve your fungus to literature, allow it to take a part of any healing you receive and improve it. Each time you are healed, you get a regeneration effect for 6 turns that heals you for 41% of the on boyz direct heal you received. The effect will increase with your Mindpower.

Use mode: Passive. Description: Your fungus can reach into the primordial ages of the world, granting you ancient instincts. Each time a regeneration effect is used on you, you gain 63% of a turn. Also, regeneration effects on you will decrease your equilibrium by 1.8 each turn. The turn gain increases with your Mindpower. Use mode: Activated. Equilibrium cost: 22. Travel Speed: instantaneous.

Usage Speed: Mind ( 97% of a turn) Is: a nature gift and a mind power. Description: A wave of energy passes through your fungus, making it release immediate healing energies on you, healing you for 500% of your current life regeneration rate. Use mode: Activated. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Instant ( 0% of literature, a turn)

Is: a nature gift. Description: Call upon the power of the Eternals, increasing all damage by 15% and reducing all damage taken by essay on it is better to have brains than, 15% for 5 turns. The bonus will increase with your Willpower. Use mode: Passive. Description: Thaloren have always been a free people, living in their beloved forest and english literature never caring much about the world outside. Increase Physical and Mental Save by +6. Use mode: Passive. Description: You are part of the wood; it shields you from what makes corruption. Increase disease immunity by -58%, blight resistance by english literature, 0.0%, and you mad all resistances by english phd dissertation, 0.0%.

Use mode: Activated. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Instant ( 0% of a turn) Is: a nature gift. Description: Nature is with you; you can always feel the call of the woods. Summons two elite Treants to your side for 8 turns. The treants have a global resistance equal to your blight resistance, and can stun, knockback and taunt your foes. Their power increases with your Willpower. Use mode: Passive.

Description: Your skin becomes more resilient to damage. Increases resistance to all damage by than burger king essay, 0.1%. Use mode: Passive. Description: You become better at using your armour to deflect blows and protect your vital areas. Increases Armour value by literature phd dissertation, 2, Armour hardiness by 14%, and reduces the chance melee or ranged attacks critically hit you by 2% with your current body armour. (This talent only provides bonuses for heavy mail or massive plate armour.) At level 1, it allows you to better king essay, wear heavy mail armour, gauntlets, helms, and heavy boots. At level 2, it allows you to literature phd dissertation, wear shields.

At level 3, it allows you to on it brains, wear massive plate armour. Use mode: Passive. Description: You learn to maintain your agility and manage your combat posture while wearing light armour. English Phd Dissertation. When wearing armour no heavier than leather in your main body slot, you gain 4 Defense, 0% Armour hardiness, and 0% reduced Fatigue. In addition, when you step adjacent to a (visible) enemy, you use the juxtaposition to increase your total Defense by essay is better to have brains, 2 for english literature phd dissertation, 2 turns. The Defense bonus scales with your Dexterity. Use mode: Passive. Description: Increases the accuracy of unarmed, melee and ranged weapons by 10. Use mode: Passive.

Description: Increases Physical Power by 20, and increases weapon damage by 32% when using swords, axes or maces. Use mode: Passive. Description: Increases Physical Power by 0, and increases weapon damage by 0% when using daggers. He asked for cover letter clerk, your help, should you collect some that you do not need. * Collect an artifact arcane powered item. As a reward you improved Willpower by +2. As a reward you improved Dexterity by +2. As a reward you improved Dexterity by +2.

It looks extremely dangerous, however - beware. You have slain Bill. His treasure is yours for the taking. * You must explore the Heart of the english literature Gloom. Crafted by a master. Defense: +3 (+1 eff.) Ranged Defense: +2 (+1 eff.) Maximum encumbrance: +20.

Physical save: +5 (+2 eff.) A pair of boots made of mcdonalds better than essay, leather. - Talent Heavy Armour Training. Crafted by a master. Type: armor / hands ; tier 1. Defense: +1 (+0 eff.) Spell save: +4 (+2 eff.) Mindpower: +4 (+2 eff.) Mental crit. chance: +1%

It can be used to english phd dissertation, destroy an arcane item (of a higher tier than the gauntlets), costing 1 power out of 150/150. - Talent Heavy Armour Training. Crafted by for account receivable, a master. Changes stats: +3 Dex. Changes resistances: +5% nature / +5% blight. A large helmet that can protect the entire head.

Ventilation and bad vision can be a problem, however. Powered by arcane forces. Type: tool / misc ; tier 1. Defense: +5 (+2 eff.) Changes stats: +5 Lck. Trap disarming bonus: +5.

Removes (25% chance) up to three stuns, pins, or dazes each turn. A large hairy foot, very recognizably a halfling's, is literature, strung on a piece of thick twine. In its decomposed state it's hard to tell how long ago it parted with its owner, but from what look like teeth marks around the ankle you get the impression that it wasn't given willingly. It has been kept somewhat intact with layers of salt and clay, but in spite of this it's clear that nature is beginning to take its toll on the dead flesh. Mcdonalds King Essay. Some say the foot of a halfling brings luck to its bearer - right now the only thing you can be sure of is that it stinks. Powered by arcane forces. Infused by english phd dissertation, psionic forces. Changes stats: +3 Wil.

Changes resistances: +20% darkness. Changes damage: +10% darkness. Mental save: +6 (+3 eff.) Rings can have magical properties. Infused by nature. Type: jewelry / ring ; tier 2. Changes stats: +4 Wil / +6 Con. Changes resistances: +10% nature / +25% cold. Changes damage: +15% cold. Maximum mana: +20.00.

Maximum stamina: +20.00. Maximum psi: +20.00. Maximum air capacity: +50.00. It can be used to makes, summon a radius 1 tidal wave that expands slowly over literature phd dissertation 7 turns, dealing 14.41 cold and and solution essays 12.53 physical damage (based on Willpower) each turn and english literature knocking opponents back, costing 60 power out of 60/60. Infused by nature. Type: armor / belt ; tier 1.

Changes stats: +3 Wil. Changes resistances: +20% blight / +20% cold / +20% nature. A belt rumoured to what essay, have been worn by english phd dissertation, the Conclave healers. - Talent Heavy Armour Training. Infused by psionic forces. Defense: +9 (+4 eff.) Changes stats: +2 Cun. Mental save: +11 (+5 eff.) A suit of armour made of mail. Type: weapon / greatmaul ; tier 1. It must be held with both hands.

Uses stat: 130% Str. Damage type: Physical. Mastery: Weapons Mastery. Accuracy bonus: +0.1% dam / acc. Armour Penetration: +7. Attack speed: 100% It can be used to activate talent Shattering Blow (costing 20 power out of 20/20) : Effective talent level: 2.0.

Power cost: 20 out of 20/20. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Description: Hits the problem and solution essays target with your weapon, doing 124% damage. If the attack hits, the literature phd dissertation target's armour and saves are reduced by 11 for 6 turns. Also if the target is protected by a temporary damage shield there is essays, 60% chance to english literature phd dissertation, shatter it. Armor reduction chance increases with your Physical Power. Crafted by essay on boyz hood, a master.

Defense: +1 (+0 eff.) Changes resistances: +10% cold. A cloth coat typically worn as a loose outer garment. It is literature phd dissertation, spacious enough to essay on boyz hood, be worn even over bulky metal armour. Powered by arcane forces. Type: lite / lite. It can be used to activate talent Fearscape Shift (costing 25 power out of 19/25) : Effective talent level: 2.0. Power cost: 25 out of 19/25. Travel Speed: instantaneous.

Description: Open a gateway to phd dissertation, the Fearscape, stepping through it to a nearby location. As you step out, a burst of fire will leave with you, dealing 33.28 demonfire damage to essay on pedagogy, everyone within 3 spaces and leaving flames which will deal an additional 33.28 demonfire damage over 4 turns. Additionally, shifting through reality enhances your awareness, allowing you to see all enemies within 8 spaces for the next 3 turns. The damage will scale with your Spellpower and the range will increase with the english literature phd dissertation talent level. Infused by nature. Effective talent level: 0.0. Use mode: Activated. Travel Speed: instantaneous. Usage Speed: Instant ( 0% of a turn) Is: a nature gift.

Description: Activate the infusion to instantly heal yourself for 50 and cleanse 1 wound and problem 1 poison effect. It can be used to inscribe your skin with the english infusion. regeneration infusion (heal 92 over 5 turns) Infused by cover letter, nature. Effective talent level: 0.0. Use mode: Activated. Travel Speed: instantaneous.

Usage Speed: Standard ( 100% of a turn) Is: a nature gift. Description: Activate the infusion to english, heal yourself for 92 life over 5 turns. It can be used to inscribe your skin with the mcdonalds better burger infusion. Infused by nature. Crafted by a master. Defense: +6 (+3 eff.) Changes stats: +3 Cun. Changes resistances: +22% fire.

Changes damage: +11% fire. Rings can have magical properties. wizard's copper ring of phd dissertation, clarity. Powered by arcane forces. Infused by cover for account receivable clerk, psionic forces. Changes stats: +2 Mag. Spell save: +4 (+2 eff.) Mental save: +5 (+2 eff.)

Confusion immunity: +22% Rings can have magical properties. iron dagger (10.5-13.65 power, 5 apr) Uses stats: 45% Str, 45% Dex. Damage type: Physical. Accuracy bonus: +0.5% APR / acc. Armour Penetration: +5. Attack speed: 100% Sharp, short and deadly.

It must be held with both hands. Uses stat: 120% Str. Damage type: Physical. Mastery: Weapons Mastery. Accuracy bonus: +0.4% crit.pwr / acc. Armour Penetration: +1. Attack speed: 100% Massive two-handed swords.

ranger's elm longbow of dampening. Crafted by a master. It must be held with both hands. Attack speed: 125% Changes stats: +2 Dex. Changes resistances: +12% acid / +11% fire / +12% lightning / +11% cold. Spell save: +9 (+5 eff.) Longbows are used to shoot arrows at your foes. balanced steel mace of erosion (16.5-23.1 power, 3 apr) Crafted by a master. Uses stat: 100% Str.

Damage type: Physical. Mastery: Weapons Mastery. Accuracy bonus: +0.1% dam / acc. Armour Penetration: +3. Attack speed: 100% Damage (Melee): +5 nature / +6 temporal. Accuracy: +6 (+3 eff.) Defense: +6 (+3 eff.)

Disarm immunity: +21% Blunt and deadly. Crafted by a master. Changes resistances: +6% fire / +6% cold. A belt that goes around your waist. linen cloak (1 def, 0 armour) Defense: +1 (+0 eff.) A cloth coat typically worn as a loose outer garment. It is spacious enough to english phd dissertation, be worn even over bulky metal armour. linen cloak (1 def, 0 armour)

Defense: +1 (+0 eff.) A cloth coat typically worn as a loose outer garment. Essay On Boyz N The Hood. It is spacious enough to be worn even over bulky metal armour. linen cloak (1 def, 0 armour) Defense: +1 (+0 eff.) A cloth coat typically worn as a loose outer garment.

It is spacious enough to be worn even over phd dissertation bulky metal armour. linen robe (0 def, 0 armour) A pair of boots made of leather. iron gauntlets (0 def, 1 armour) - Talent Heavy Armour Training. Metal gloves protecting the hands up to what you mad essay, the middle of the literature lower arm. - Talent Heavy Armour Training. Accuracy: +10 (+5 eff.) Changes stats: +3 Dex.

Metal gloves protecting the hands up to cover letter for account receivable, the middle of the lower arm. iron gauntlets of magic (+2) (0 def, 1 armour) - Talent Heavy Armour Training. Changes stats: +2 Mag. Changes damage: +4% arcane. Metal gloves protecting the english literature phd dissertation hands up to the middle of the lower arm. - Talent Heavy Armour Training. Defense: +2 (+1 eff.) A suit of armour made of mail. iron plate armour (3 def, 7 armour) - Talent Heavy Armour Training (level 3)

Defense: +3 (+1 eff.) A suit of armour made of metal plates. spiked steel plate armour of resilience (4 def, 9 armour) - Talent Heavy Armour Training (level 3) Crafted by teaching problem and solution essays, a master. Defense: +4 (+2 eff.) Damage when hit (Melee): 11 physical. Maximum life: +23.00. A suit of armour made of literature, metal plates. - Talent Heavy Armour Training (level 2) Type: armor / shield ; tier 1. Base power: 18.0 - 25.2.

Uses stat: 140% Str. Damage type: Physical. Accuracy bonus: +2.5% procs dam / acc. Damage (Melee): +10 cold. Defense: +8 (+4 eff.) Changes resistances: +15% cold / +10% fire.

Talent granted: +2 Block. Maximum air capacity: +20.00. Special effect on block: 30% chance to spray freezing water (radius 4 cone) at hood, the target. A chunk of jagged coral, dredged from the ocean. Changes stats: +1 Str / +1 Dex / +1 Mag / +1 Wil / +1 Cun / +1 Con. When used to imbue an object: Changes stats: +1 Str / +1 Dex / +1 Mag / +1 Wil / +1 Cun / +1 Con. Latent Damage Type: Acid. Gems can be sold for english, money or used in arcane rituals. Changes stats: +2 Str / +2 Dex / +2 Mag / +2 Wil / +2 Cun / +2 Con.

When used to imbue an object: Changes stats: +2 Str / +2 Dex / +2 Mag / +2 Wil / +2 Cun / +2 Con. Latent Damage Type: Lightning. Gems can be sold for money or used in arcane rituals. Infused by nature. It can be used to summon up to 2 spiders, costing 80 power out of 100/100. Defense: +2 (+1 eff.) Physical save: +2 (+1 eff.) Spell save: +2 (+1 eff.)

Mental save: +2 (+1 eff.) When used to to have brains than beauty, imbue an object: Defense: +2 (+1 eff.) Physical save: +2 (+1 eff.) Spell save: +2 (+1 eff.) Mental save: +2 (+1 eff.) Latent Damage Type: Nature. Gems can be sold for english literature phd dissertation, money or used in arcane rituals.

Infused by nature. Type: lite / lite. Changes resistances: +30% light. Changes damage: +10% light. It can be used to call light (90 power, based on for account, Willpower), costing 10 power out of english literature phd dissertation, 15/15. Powered by cover receivable clerk, unknown forces. This orb will automatically identify items you find.

Powered by unknown forces. Type: charm / rod. You have heard of such items before. They are very useful to adventurers, allowing faster travel. Powered by unknown forces. Type: chest / sher'tul. It can be used to transmogrify all the english literature phd dissertation items in your chest at once (also done automatically when you change level), costing 0 power out of 1000/1000. The byproduct of this effect is the creation of cover letter for account, gold, which is useless to process, so it is sent back to you. Simply go to your inventory to move them out of the chest if you wish to keep them. Items in the chest will not encumber you.

psychokinetic pouch of steel shots of accuracy (20/20, 22-26.4 power, 2 apr) Infused by psionic forces. Uses stats: 50% Cun, 70% Dex. Damage type: Physical. Accuracy bonus: +0.1% dam / acc.

Armour Penetration: +2. * 10% chance to knock the target back. Damage (Ranged): +15 physical. Shots are used with slings to english literature phd dissertation, pummel your foes to death. Infused by nature.

Effects on melee hit: * 30% chance to inflict 15% damage reduction. Damage when hit (Melee): 4 darkness. Changes resistances: +6% fire. Changes resistances penetration: +5% darkness. Changes damage: +6% fire. It can be used to harden the skin for 7 turns increasing armour by 15 and armour hardiness by 30%, putting all charms on for account clerk, cooldown for 20 turns. elm totem of cure ailments [power 1] (10 cooldown) Infused by nature.

elm wand of conjuration 'Daykiller' [power 91] (10 cooldown) Powered by phd dissertation, arcane forces. Damage when hit (Melee): 4 fire. Changes resistances: +3% light / +9% fire. It can be used to fire a bolt of a random element with (base) damage 46 to 91, putting all charms on cooldown for cover letter, 10 turns. 100% chance to regenerate 1 negative energy. Magical wands are made by powerful Alchemists and Archmagi to english, store spells. Anybody can use them to release the spells.

Physical crit. chance: +1.0% Changes damage: +2% all. Spell crit. chance: +1% Mental crit. On Boyz N The. chance: +1% When used to english literature, imbue an object: Physical crit. Essay. chance: +1.0% Changes damage: +2% all. Spell crit. chance: +1% Mental crit. chance: +1% Latent Damage Type: Light.

Gems can be sold for money or used in arcane rituals. Infravision radius: +2. When used to english literature phd dissertation, imbue an object: Infravision radius: +2. Latent Damage Type: Light. Gems can be sold for money or used in essay on pedagogy arcane rituals. Changes resistances: +1% all.

When used to imbue an object: Changes resistances: +1% all. Latent Damage Type: Light. Gems can be sold for money or used in arcane rituals. By Liancha the Thalore Wyrmic level 10. 4th Flare 122nd year of Ascendancy at 16:51 see stats. By Liancha the Thalore Wyrmic level 9. 9th Mirth 122nd year of english literature phd dissertation, Ascendancy at mcdonalds burger king essay, 23:00 see stats. By Liancha the Thalore Wyrmic level 9.

1st Summertide 122nd year of Ascendancy at literature phd dissertation, 22:52 see stats. Rotting Disease from Elven cultist hits Liancha for essay is better brains than beauty, 26 blight damage. Liancha uses Infusion: Regeneration. Liancha starts regenerating health quickly. Liancha is english literature, afflicted by a decrepitude disease! Weakness Disease from on it is better than Elven cultist hits Liancha for literature phd dissertation, 21 blight damage. Decrepitude Disease from Elven cultist hits Liancha for 21 blight damage. Rotting Disease from Elven cultist hits Liancha for 26 blight damage. Weakness Disease from Elven cultist hits Liancha for than burger king essay, 21 blight damage.

Decrepitude Disease from english literature phd dissertation Elven cultist hits Liancha for 21 blight damage. Rotting Disease from Elven cultist hits Liancha for 26 blight damage. Decrepitude Disease from Elven cultist hits Liancha for 21 blight damage. Weakness Disease from Elven cultist hits Liancha for 21 blight damage. Decrepitude Disease from Elven cultist hits Liancha for 21 blight damage. Liancha the level 11 thalore wyrmic was plagued to death by essay on it is better to have brains than beauty, an elven cultist on level 1 of literature, Rhaloren Camp. You have 1 life(s) left. Liancha stops regenerating health quickly. Liancha is free from the decrepitude disease. You enter a zero gravity zone, beware!

From the brink of death you seem to be yanked to makes you mad essay, another plane. Decrepitude Disease from english literature Elven cultist killed Liancha !

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THE CONFLICT BETWEEN RUSSIA AND CHECHNYA. Working Paper #95-5(1) By Mariya Yevsyukova. Department of english literature phd dissertation Sociology. University of Colorado, Boulder. This paper was written with a small grant from the Conflict Resolution Consortium, University of Colorado. Funding for the Consortium and its Small Grants Program was provided by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. The statements and ideas presented in what makes essay, this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Conflict Resolution Consortium, the literature University of Colorado, or the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. For more information, contact the better than burger Conflict Resolution Consortium, Campus Box 327, University of literature Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0327. Phone: (303) 492-1635, e-mail: [email protected]

Copyright (C) 1995. Mariya Yevsyokova. Essays? Do not reprint without permission. Checheno-Ingushetia at a glance. Geography: 7,350 square miles, about the english literature phd dissertation size of essays New Jersey. Population: Chechen and Ingush. are ethnically related Turkic. peoples, mainly Sunni Muslim,

who speak Caucasian languages. About 52% of its 1.27 million. people are Chechen, 12% Ingush. Economy: It contains a major. Soviet oil field as well as. chemical factories, food. canneries, timber and. Los Angeles Times, Nov. 10,1991.

[I feel that it is necessary to know the history of Russian-Chechen relations in literature phd dissertation, order to mcdonalds burger king, understand the current situation in this region. The contemporary conflict in this area can be understood as the consequence of the ongoing struggle of Chechen people for independence against oppressive czarist and Soviet national policy. Such a national policy has not only straight linkages with particular events, but it generally influenced the political process in Russia.] I. CONFLICT HISTORY. The Chechno-Ingushes are natives of the Caucasus. Islam came to the Caucasus in the 7th Century, but was not deeply rooted in phd dissertation, mountainous Chechnya until the 18th Century.

I agree that the cover letter receivable dominant ideology of english literature Chechnya is not Islam but nationalism (Los Angeles Times, Jan. 16). It unites 150 clans (teips) which represent a sometimes contentious and largely egalitarian society. From the 13th Century until the end of the 19th Century, the Chechen people have always had to defend their land against foreign invaders. Mcdonalds Than Burger King Essay? These centuries have molded their character. Their bellicosity, independence, and courage were noted in Russian literature at the time of the Caucasian War in the 19th Century (Lermontov) and in The Gulag Archipelago (Solzhenitsyn). In 1722, during the literature phd dissertation Persian Campaign, Peter the Great visited Chechnya. The process of colonization of Chechnya by Russia dates from essay n the hood, that time. In the phd dissertation 1780s the Vaynakhs (Chechens and Ingush) rose up to fight against Russian domination. The movement which began in Chechnya under Sheik Mansur engulfed virtually all the cover receivable clerk Northern Caucasus.

The movement was suppressed by the Russian army in 1789. The Caucasian War (1817-1864). In the first half of the century, the war of liberation of the Chechens and Ingush against the colonial troops virtually never ceased. It became especially intense after General Ye. P. Yermolov was appointed Governor General of the Caucasus in 1816. Russia had decided to speed up the process of colonization of the Northern Caucasus because its link with Transcaucasia was extremely tenuous (Georgia and Azerbaijan has already been annexed to the empire in the early 19th century).

General Yermolov's tactic was a planned incursion deep into Chechnya and Mountainous Dagestan followed by surrounding the mountain rayons (districts) by a tight circle of fortifications, clearing lines through nearly impenetrable woods, laying roads, and english literature, destroying villages which resisted. The result of Yermolov's activity in the Caucasus was the letter clerk relatively stable subordination of Dagestan, Chechnya, and the Transkuban. After Yermolov, I.F. English Literature Phd Dissertation? Paskevich headed the Russian troops in the Caucasus. He decided to makes essay, abandon the tactics of english literature phd dissertation planned incursion and seizure of territory and returned to the practice of conducting punitive expeditions.

A new stage of the mountain dwellers' national liberation movement started in 1828. Cover For Account Clerk? A Muslim movement to strictly observe the rules of the Shariat (the Muslim religious rules) in the life of the mountain peoples began in Dagestan. Gradually Vaynakhs, who observed the rules of the Adat (the traditional civil law), joined the movement of literature phd dissertation Kazi Magomed, who was declared Imam in on pedagogy, December 1828; he promoted the english literature idea of uniting the peoples of you mad Chechnya and Dagestan. Two years after Magomed's death, Shamil headed the Shariat movement and english, became Imam. Essay Is Better Brains? Shamil's struggle under the slogan of a holy war lasted 20 years; however, the strength of literature his state was severely undermined. During the war, Chechnya's entire territory was the teaching problem and solution essays site of constant battles. In April 1859, the movement was suppressed; but, the Caucasian war continued until 1864. It took a Russian expeditionary force of 200,000 men to end this revolt in 1859.

In order to strengthen Russian influence in the Caucasus, the czarist government expelled the Chechens and Ingush from the english literature 'flat' territories and moved Cossacks to their lands. Is Better To Have Than? As a form of english protest against such a policy, abreks [Caucasian mountain bands who fought the Russians in the 19th century] appeared. The abreks attacked the representatives of the local administration, military officers, and Cossacks; they robbed the farms established on their lands which had been confiscated. Overall, unrest in what makes you mad, Chechnya did not cease until 1917. Checheno-Ingushetia From 1917 through 1985. During the years of the Civil War (1918-1920), most Chechens and Ingushs supported the Bolsheviks. After the occupation of the Northern Caucasus by english, the Red Army in 1921, the Gorskaya ASSR was formed in the Northern Caucasus. On November 30, 1922, the Chechen and Ingush areas were detached from the Gorskaya ASSR to form the Chechen and Ingush Oblasts. Essay On Boyz N The? Several small oblasts were created to prevent the Caucasians from consolidation. On January 15, 1934, the two oblasts were merged to form the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Oblast; on December 5, 1936, this became the literature Chechen-Ingush ASSR.

In 1929, during the collectivization process, violations of policy occurred, leading to an uprising which continued until 1934. In August 1936, as the result of operations to eliminate 'anti-Soviet elements', 10,000 people were arrested in Chechnya and Ingushetia, and numerous trails were held. Virtually all the essay on boyz leaders -- from the rayon authorities to the employees of the republic organs of Checheno- Ingushetia -- were arrested. Literature? At the same time, there were uprisings and the break-up of the kolhozes began in the territory of Chechno- Ingushetia; the Provisional People's Revolutionary Government of Checheno-Ingushetia was proclaimed. The war of 1941-1945 revived the rebel movement in the mountains of Checheno-Ingushetia. In June 1942, the rebel government issued an appeal to the Chechen-Ingush people; it stated that the Caucasian peoples were awaiting the Germans as guests and would be hospitable to them only if they granted complete recognition of the independence of the Caucasus. In the spring of 1942, Soviet planes bombarded Checheno- Ingushetia twice. The Germans were unable to capture the territory of Checheno-Ingushetia; nonetheless, Stalin's government accused the Chechen and Ingush peoples of treachery and on it is better to have brains than beauty, organized their mass expulsion to Kazakhstan and english phd dissertation, Uzbekistan in February 1944. In February 1944, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR was liquidated.

During the on pedagogy deportation, half of the population died of hunger, cold, and disease. Consequently, the rebel movement erupted in the mountains of Checheno-Ingushetia with new force in 1944. English? Representatives of essay on pedagogy this movement used the literature phd dissertation prerevolutionary tactics of the abreks: they attacked the administration and the military from the mountains. Several NKVD (internal security) divisions were sent to on boyz n the hood, Checheno- Ingushetia to eliminate this movement; by the end of the mid- 1950s, the english phd dissertation rebel uprising in Checheno-Ingushetia had been virtually eliminated. For Account Receivable Clerk? But, even into the 1960s, there were partisans hiding in the mountains who had suspended terrorist activity after the restoration (1957) of the republic; they hid from the authorities and continued to seek vengeance on representatives of the KGB (successor organization to the NKVD). At first, the perestroyka which had begun in March 1985 had no fundamental impact on the political life of Checheno- Ingushetiya. The first sign of changes was the criticism of the historical writings of professor Vinogradov (the author of the concept of the 'voluntary inclusion of Checheno-Ingushetiya in Russia) theory by historians of Dagestan in 1987. During 1987, tension in the society steadily increased; and, by the end of the year, only a pretext was needed to spur the spontaneously forming opposition into action.

The news of the construction of the Gudermes Biochemical Plant (BCP) to produce lysine became such a pretext. By the summer of 1988, organizers of the movement to stop the phd dissertation construction in you mad, Grozny had united into the 'Union To Promote Perestroyka'; they soon reorganized into english phd dissertation the Popular Front of the ChI ASSR. Until the fall of 1990, the essay on boyz Popular Front was the english phd dissertation main opposition to the party-Soviet leadership of Checheno- Ingushetiya. The slogan of restoring historical truth about the past of the Vaynakh (Chechen-Ingush) people and exposure of the what semiofficial concept of the literature 'voluntary inclusion of Chechen-Ingush in Russia' became some of the main policies of the what essay Popular Front. In June 1989, the organization bureau of the phd dissertation Chechen-Ingush Obkom of the CPSU (Communist Party) elected Doku Zavgayev as first secretary; he became the first Chechen to hold the cover for account receivable post of literature head of Checheno-Ingushetia in essay, all the years of Soviet power.

When he assumed leadership, liberalization of the party regime in english literature phd dissertation, the ChI ASSR began. A new political force -- the Vaynakh Democratic Party (VDP) -- which became the main powerful opposition to Zavgayev's government appeared in the summer of 1990. The VDP leaders considered forming a sovereign Vaynakh (Chechen-Ingush) Republic as an independent state in an equal Union of SSR's as their main goal. On November 1990, the makes you mad Chechen National Congress was held in Groznyy. The idea of sovereignty became the main slogan of the Congress. On 27 November 1990, the session of the republic Supreme Soviet adopted the 'Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Checheno-Ingush Republic'. According to the Declaration, the english Checheno-Ingush Republic (ChIR) was declared a sovereign state which would sign the Union and federative treaties on an equal basis.

In actual fact, the Declaration did not change the state of affairs in the republic and made almost no change in the character of Checheno-Ingushetiya's ties with the Union and the Russian center. In December 1990, the VDP and organizations close to it created an opposition bloc, the 'National Movement of the Chechen People', whose main goals were the struggle to realize the idea of receivable 'national sovereignty' of the Chechen Republic and the desire to unite the peoples of the Northern Caucasus into a confederative state outside the RSFSR. Major General Dzhokhar Dudayev was elected chairman of the english executive committee of the Chechen National Congress. He began to support the essay on pedagogy radical nationalists in the committee who openly announced their goal: to overthrow the ChIR Supreme Soviet and seize power. The attempted coup in the USSR of 19-21 August 1991 became the catalyst for a sudden social explosion in Checheno-Ingushetiya which was named the 'Chechen revolution'. II. HISTORY OF THE CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT. 1. The 'Chechen Revolution'. On 22 August 1991, the leadership of the literature phd dissertation NCChP executive committee and the leaders of the opposition parties demanded the resignation of the ChIR Supreme Soviet, which had been unable to cover letter receivable, take a principled position during the days of the coup.

In the literature phd dissertation evening of that same day, the cover for account receivable demonstrators surrounded the republic television building and seized it after a minor scuffle with the militia. Literature Phd Dissertation? Members of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet Presidium arrived on 26 of August and warned Zavgayev not to use force. On 1-2 September, the third session of the National Congress of the Chechen People met and n the hood, declared the ChIR Supreme Soviet overthrown and english, handed power over the territory of Chechnya over to the NCChP executive committee. Another two delegations of Russian officials conducted negotiations with Chechen leaders in order find a solution to the crisis. On 14 September, the acting chairman of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet, R. Khasbulatov, flew to essay is better than, the republic and firmly demanded the resignation of the ChIR deputy corps; the deputies passed a decision on the resignation. English Literature Phd Dissertation? New parliamentary elections were set for 17 November; during the transition period, power was handed over to teaching problem essays, the Provisional High Council of the ChIR (PHC ChIR). Later, Khazbulatov said that it was Boris Yeltsin who wanted Zavgayev out of office so that Khadziev, 'a more suitable person', could replace him. The decision to transfer power to the Provisional High Council did not suit the NCChP executive committee, which demanded powers only for itself. During the english literature night of 7-8 October, soldiers from the national guard seized the PHC residence; the members of the council, in fact, found that their status had been changed to illegal. On 9 October, the RSFSR Supreme Soviet Presidium issued a decree: 'On the Political Situation in the ChIR'; the Russian leadership demanded that the unlawful paramilitary formations disarm and declared that the Provisional High Council was the teaching problem and solution essays only lawful organ of power on the territory of the ChIR. However, the leaders of the NCChP executive committee continued to make preparations for the election of the president and parliament of the Chechen Republic (ChR); the elections were held on 27 October 1991.

As observers and the press emphasized, the elections campaign took place in conditions of an aggravated standoff among various political forces; television and radio were blockaded by english literature phd dissertation, General Dudayev's guardsmen. Taking into account the what you mad unfair conditions of the elections, seven contenders for the post of president of the ChP withdrew their candidacies. The chairman of the NCChP executive committee, (Ret) General D. Dudayev, was elected the president of the ChR. Later, the make-up of the ChR parliament was announced. The RSFSR Supreme Soviet, the ChIR Council of Ministers, and english, a number of influential sociopolitical movements of Checheno- Ingushetia did not recognize the election results. On November 10, 1991, Russia's President Yeltsin sent 650 troops to enforce a state of emergency in essay, Checheno-Ingushetia. Dudayev . defied Yeltsin's decree and mobilized thousands of armed supporters to challenge the troops. The troops withdrew when Russian lawmakers and the Kremlin made it clear that they did not support military action in the region (The Washington Post, Nov. 13, 1991, p. 6). The decree of the RSFSR president declaring a state of emergency in the ChIR fundamentally changed the line-up of political forces in Checheno-Ingushetia.

D. Phd Dissertation? Dudayev held a press conference where the president of Chechnya announced the firm intention of the ChR to makes essay, create an english literature phd dissertation, independent state. The Provisional High Council of the ChIR and its militia dissolved without notice on the very first day of the crisis. Thus, the attempt to introduce a state of emergency in Checheno-Ingushetia led to mcdonalds than burger king essay, the legitimization of the president and parliament of the literature ChR and to the disappearance of the opposition. The 'Chechen revolution' was victorious. The first attempt to solve conflict by force failed. A year after these events, a state of emergency was declared in the Chechen-Ingush republic as a result of ethnic fighting between Ingushs and Ossetins; after the deportation of the Ingush in 1944, some of their lands ended up in the hands of Ossetians. Dudayev threatened to declare war on Moscow if it didn't withdraw troops from around the borders of Checheno-Ingushetia. By that time, the Ingushs had already declared themselves independent from Chechnya.

Russia agreed to pull troops back from the disputed border. 2. A Three Year Interregnum. The romantic period of the struggle for independence was over. Moscow established economic, financial, and cover clerk, air blockades of the republic; Chechen leaders were unable to establish a democratic regime. After a year of phd dissertation independence, there was an economic and political crisis in the republic. The only economic reform was the hiving off of the state business to mafia clans. The state farms were robbed and crime grew at a frightening rate. The Chechen parliament came out decisively in opposition to mcdonalds than burger king essay, the president after Dudayev tried to prevent the referendum (that the Chechen parliament had declared) on the form of the government in the republic and on phd dissertation, the need for sovereignty and independence. The president accused parliament -- which had tried to negotiate with Russia about the status of the Chechen Republic -- of betraying the cause of essay on pedagogy independence. Parliament was liquidated by english phd dissertation, an edict of the president in essay on pedagogy, April and direct presidential rule was introduced. A new 'parliament' was created on the base of a national radical faction which had unconditionally supported Dudayev; very similar events were taking part in Russia at english literature phd dissertation that time.

Two groups of high-ranking Moscow politicians, separately and better burger essay, independently of each other, were conducting confidential negotiations with two feuding Chechen groups. The aim of negotiations was to english literature phd dissertation, return Chechnya to the bosom of the Federation. Essay On Boyz Hood? The Ministry of the Russian Federation on Nationality Affairs, headed by Sergey Shakhray, was building bridges with the irreconcilable Chechen opposition, which promised Moscow numerous concessions (Leaders of the opposition were asking to be helped materially and to be recognized as the legal authority in Chechnya. On their part, they pledged themselves to overthrow the present regime, to organize parliamentary elections, and to transform their republic into a valuable component of the Russian Federation.) At the same time, the administration of the president of Russia, headed by Sergey Filatov, was trying to english literature, fix relations with Dudayev. Hood? Filatov transparently hinted at an alleged planned meeting of the two presidents (a success about which Dudayev could only dream). He intended to sign a treaty with Grozny on the division of powers and subjects of jurisdiction similar to literature, the Russian-Tatar treaty. But, Dudayev issued instructions to conduct negotiations only 'about improving relations with Russia'. Shakhray insisted that it was impossible to come to an agreement with Dudayev and that it was necessary to rely on is better brains than beauty, 'other sociopolitical forces in the republic'. In addition, third persons were also insinuating themselves into the negotiating process. Viktor Chernomyrdin received Deputy Prime Minister Mugodayev of the Dudayev government and settled certain problems about the Grozny oil refinery plant and a number of other local enterprises.

Russian leaders chose to support the opposition. Since August 1994, it had supported the opposition Internal Council with Umar Avturkhanov at the head; he obtained over 10 billion rubles as well as covert military support from Russia. (The Economist, Sept. 24, 1994; The New York Times, Dec. 13; Literaturnaya Gazeta, Nov. 30, 1994).) I think that the Russians intended for Dudayev to lose control over literature a significant part of the territory and for the opposition to arm itself so that the better Groznyy leader really would become a very tractable partner. President Yeltsin decided to begin official talks with Chechnya's authorities; Shakhray was dismissed from the leadership by the Ministry of english literature Nationality Affairs. Yeltsin's administration insisted that three key items were basic foundations for the talks: 1. Chechnya would sign the Federation treaty as an RF entity; 2. It would hold elections for than burger king essay, the Federal Assembly; 3. It would stop the anti-Russian propaganda campaign.

In exchange for these conditions, the literature RF leadership, as was evident from on it is better than, V. Shumeyko's declaration, was ready to recognize Dudayev's presidential powers and, thus, the legitimacy of his regime. It is literature evident that Shumeyko's intention to recognize Dudayev's regime in exchange for Chechnya's sovereignty prevailed over Shakhray's, who stated that it was impossible to declare the elections in Chechnya invalid from a legal standpoint. The RF side insisted that representatives from the political forces opposed to his regime also participate in cover for account receivable clerk, the talks. English Literature? Dudayev declared that he would not negotiate if his opposition would participate in the talks and that he intended to conduct the talks at better than burger king essay the highest level. Literature Phd Dissertation? In his letter to Chernomyrdin (Narod, No 3, March 1994) he still talked about a single independent state ready to letter for account clerk, become a CIS member. At that time, Sergey Filatov declared that Russia had two solutions to the problem: a mild one (talks and political means) and english phd dissertation, a harsh one (forceful means). Unfortunately, because of a new power arrangement in the Russian government, the essay on it to have than second alternative was chosen. 3. Russian Intervention.

In November 1994, the Russian Air Forces started bombing Grozny, the Chechen capital; Russia sent thousands of troops backed by tanks and aircraft to end Chechnya's independence bid on December 11; but, it has been unable to quell dogged resistance by english literature, the local fighters. On December 12, talks between Russians and Chechens began in mcdonalds than king, Vladikavkaz. December 15 was the deadline that President Yeltsin had given for the secessionists to lay down their weapons. The Chechen leaders say they will never lay down their arms until Russians troops retreat from their land. Russia says its soldiers will eagerly comply [withdraw] but only after thousands of Chechens are disarmed (The New York Times, Dec. English Phd Dissertation? 14, 1994). On December 14, the Chechen delegation walked out of truce negotiations in Vladikavkaz. On December 15, the Chechen government tried to get the United States involved by asking Vice President Al Gore to act as a mediator between the Russian and Chechen negotiators.

However, Washington insisted that it viewed the controversy as an internal Russian affair. All further attempts to re-start negotiations came to a standstill because each side made demands similar to those which ended the first negotiations. Groznyy was captured in February after weeks of fierce air and artillery bombardment and street fighting which left the city, once home to 400,000 people, in ruins. Russia's Human Right Commissioner, Sergei Kovalyov, has said that 24,000 civilians were killed just in Groznyy. Colonel-General Anatoly Kulikov, commander of the joint army and teaching and solution essays, interior ministry troops in Chechnya, said 1,426 federal soldiers had died in english, Chechnya.

The reconstruction work in on pedagogy, Chechnya was expected to cost 5.3 trillion rubles (1 billion dollars) in 1995. Phd Dissertation? At the beginning of April, Russians appeared to have achieved a turning point, having taking Gudermes, Chechnya's second city, and Shali, the last major stronghold of the receivable separatists. This left Russian forces in control of english all the east of Chechnya and about two thirds of the whole North Caucasus region. Essay To Have Brains? They also control a key railway leading from literature, Russia proper to Azerbaijan and essay on boyz n the, the Caspian sea. Literature Phd Dissertation? Russia established a 'puppet government' of 'national revival of the Chechen republic', with Salambek Khadziyev as the head. But, the conflict is not over: the rebels led by mcdonalds than burger king, Dzokhar Dudayev have made no secret of their intention to launch a guerrilla campaign from the Caucasus mountains. It is clear that the Chechens won't forgive its humiliation and the brutality of the Russians during the war. English Literature Phd Dissertation? Possibly as in Afghanistan, where Russia also installed a puppet leader, Russia will have to keep military forces in the republic in order to defend this new regime. After information about the severe violation of human rights in Chechnya by Russian military actions appeared, the European Parliament and the whole world community tried to force Russia to stop the brutal war by political and economic means. The European Parliament renewed its calls for an immediate cease-fire, the creation of safety corridors to facilitate rescue operations, and re-opening of essay negotiations.

It requested that an OSCE permanent mission be established. The tone of the European Parliament resolution was considered by Russia as not appropriate for a dialogue with a 'great power, which Russia undoubtedly is'(Interfax news agency, 17 Mar., 1995). Literature? Russia failed to take any notice of the European Union calls, it refused to cooperate with the OSCE, blocked humanitarian aid, and stepped up military operations in teaching essays, defiance of EU calls for a ceasefire. [The conflict and the history of Russia-Chechnya relations have not yet been analyzed by historians. English? That is why I base my research on Russian, American and English magazine and newspaper articles, Caucasian Review [a magazine issued by emigrants from essay is better than, Caucasus in 1950s], and some Soviet books about the history of the Northern Caucasus. Magazine and newspaper articles are less reliable sources of information since they sometimes use unverified facts.

In spite of government attempts to limit information, the literature phd dissertation conflict has been truthfully represented in on it is better beauty, the Russian media.] III. CONFLICT CONTEXT. 1. This conflict took place in the context of the literature phd dissertation disintegration of the Soviet Union. The Baltic Republics were the first. Compared to republics in the Russian federation, Soviet republics had a constitutional right to secede. There was a conflict between Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Mikhail Gorbachev criticized Yeltsin's handling of the crisis and blocked the use of Soviet Interior Ministry troops to enforce Yeltsin's emergency decree. The Russian parliament refused to endorse Yeltsin's state of n the hood emergency decree. This was a challenge of Yeltsin's authority which came at a time of deeping ethnic and economic crisis.

Bushkiria and Tatarstan, Muslim areas east of Moscow, declared that they wanted full independence. The Russian government was poised to implement radical and unpopular economic reform which was also criticized by Gorbachev. This situation helped Dudayev to consolidate his power. Both the Georgian president and the Chechen people supported Dudayev's position. 2. Dudayev had three years of independence. Literature Phd Dissertation? The Soviet Union disintegrated during that time.

Unfortunately, as in n the hood, many other republics, the english phd dissertation Chechen government was corrupt and letter for account receivable clerk, was closely tied with the Mafia. However, if we look at crime, corruption, and Mafia activities in Russia, the situation is english literature not much different from essay, that in Chechnya. The Russian press created an image of english Chechens as gangsters: Muscovites were told that the strongest Mafia group in Moscow is Chechen. This propaganda influenced public opinion. Relations between Moscow and to have brains beauty, other republics of the phd dissertation Russian Federation improved; the constitution adopted at the end of 1993 laid out a rudimentary division of powers between the than burger king essay federal government and the various parts of the phd dissertation Russian federation. Bashkortostan signed the federation treaty in 1992. In February 1994, Russia and Tatarstan signed a treaty after three years of what negotiations. As can be seen, Russia already had some successful experience in reaching agreements in similar situations. For three years, Russia limited its actions to supporting the Chechen opposition. Analysts suggest several reasons: first, Russia already had significant negative experience conquering Chechnya; second, Dudayev threatened to respond with terrorism in Moscow; third, it was reported that Russian policy was intervening just enough to destabilise Chechnya but too little to english phd dissertation, guarantee the final result (The Economist, Sept. 24, 1994, p.54).

This raises the letter for account receivable clerk question as to what caused Russia to english literature, change its policy. 3. It is possible that the answer is the new power arrangement in Russian government. And Solution Essays? Because of the Constitution of December 1993, Boris Yeltsin wields more power than almost any democratically elected president in the world. He did not consult about Chechnya either with the presidential council or with the government. Nobody in the presidential staff bothered to go through the motion of lobbying the two houses of parliament. (The Economist, Jan. 7, 1995.) The decision about the 1994 invasion was made by a group known as the party of war. This group includes the heads of the power ministries (defense, interior and the former KGB). The Russian parliament failed to pass a clear resolution about this decision. Legally, Chechnya doesn't have a right to secede from the Russian Federation; the english phd dissertation Russian Constitution does not permit it. Essay Hood? The Russian Parliament officially forbade high level negotiations with Chechen government because the english phd dissertation later was not recognized as legitimate.

The same resolution, adopted nine months ago, forbade the what you mad Russian government to negotiate until free elections were conducted in english, Chechnya. Teaching Problem Essays? (Vechernaya Moskva, Dec. Literature Phd Dissertation? 15, 1994.) After the beginning of the 1994 military action, the Russian government showed an unwillingness to negotiate with Dudayev. In his last proposals, he agreed to negotiate some form of confederation with Russia short of independence. But 'the party of war' talked about only one thing - the terms of teaching problem essays Chechnya's capitulation.

The fact that the military refused to obey Yeltsin's orders to stop bombing indicates that his grip on the levers of power was weak. IV. CONFLICT PARTIES. A. Primary. Literature? I would name Russia and Chechnya as primary parties. But it is important to take into account that there were different forces in Chechnya and that it was Dudayev's regime which came into strict opposition to Russian government. In Russia the decision to invade was made by a few ministers. Is Better To Have Brains? 20% (from other sources 8%) of the Russian people didn't support the invasion. B. Secondary . I would name the literature opposition to Dudayev as a secondary party.

Its leaders were Umar Avturkhanov, Ruslan Khasbulatov, and is better brains beauty, Ruslan Labazanov. Now, there is another representative -- Mr. Yeltsin named a 53-year-old former oil executive, Salambek Khadziev, who is in Moscow, to lead the Chechen Government of english literature phd dissertation National Rebirth (The New York Times, Dec. 27, 1994, p. Problem Essays? A6). The Soviet government played a positive role at the beginning of the conflict. But it did not play the role of mediator encouraging direct or indirect communication between the disputants. [During the second period of the english literature conflict (The Three Year Interregnum) there was a conflict inside Chechnya (between the opposition and the president), in which Russia played a role of higher authority (not mediator, because it did not help 'the principles reach a voluntary agreement'; rather, it had it's own goals). It is possible to say that Russian authorities employed covert forms of problem solving strategy. At that time, they stepped back from essay on pedagogy, contentious strategy and phd dissertation, felt that compromise could be achieved. You Mad Essay? But, a stalemate did not occur. There were no four reasons for it: failure of contentious tactics, exhaustion of necessary resources, loss of english social support, and unacceptable costs (Pruitt Rubin, 1986).]

C. Interested third parties. The first group are the other muslim republics of the Russian Federation. The leaders of the Volga republics spoke in support of cessation of hostilities as soon as possible. They met on essay on boyz n the, January 4th to criticize both the english literature fratricidal war and Boris Yeltsin for failing to consult with them before starting it. With the help of Ingush president Ruslan Ayshev, the Chechen delegation met with the Russian prime-minister on January 17, 1995, and agreed to a cease fire to start on the 18th of January; unfortunately, it didn't occur. The second group are various foreign countries and mcdonalds than, such organizations as the United Nations and Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe. The position of many foreign countries, e.g., the USA, is based on two.

principles: understanding Russia's interest in not admitting the existence of internal dissidence and the necessity for Russia to apply traditional humanistic values in its actions, such as recognizing human rights. If, at the beginning of the war, the first principle was the pre- eminent concern of the foreign community of nations, then, as Russia violated human rights in Chechnya, criticism of Russia by other countries increased. B. Values-based. The issue of Chechnya independence. Not all of the english phd dissertation Chechen people supported this idea. A referendum on this issue was prevented by Dudayev; if it had occurred, the results would provide valuable insight. The Chechen people seem to teaching problem, want to use the phd dissertation natural resources of their country for its own benefit and have more autonomy and respect. [A hidden interest was the goal of makes you mad essay Chechen leaders to engage in personal enrichment by english literature phd dissertation, plundering the resources of the country.] Russia could not compromise on the issue of independence because the consequences which could follow Chechen independence were unpredictable.

Another issue is that Chechnya is rich with oil. Even more important is the prevention of oil-rich Azerbaijan from slipping into essay on pedagogy Turkey's or Iran's sphere of influence; this has led to Russia's control both of the eastern end of the Caucasus and of the most of the oil reserves under the Caspian. Literature Phd Dissertation? For this reason, Russia has been trying to force Azerbaijan to mcdonalds better than king essay, agree to pump its oil north through Russian pipelines rather than via Iran. The problem is that the most direct route through Russia brushes past Chechnya (The Economist, Jan. 7, p.39). The economic and political benefits of phd dissertation having Chechnya in Russian Federation are significant. Chechen leaders held a very rigid position. One of the interests of Dudayev's regime was: recognition by Russia.

If, at on boyz hood the beginning, Russia opposed it, then it agreed in exchange for Chechnya's independence; Russia was ready to grant Chechnya more economic and literature phd dissertation, political power by signing a treaty similar to Russia-Tatarstan one. But Chechen leaders did not want to compromise. D. Nonrealistic. The notion of humiliation and respect played a significant role. Especially, it applies to the Chechen position. The national character of these people must be considered; they have fought for their independence for centuries. This may be one of the reasons why Dudayev wanted to negotiate only with high Russian officials (prime minister) and did not agree to negotiate with the opposition.

A. Polarization. A very deep polarization between the and solution essays Russian government and Dudayev's regime existed from the beginning of the conflict; this increased to its highest level by the time Russia helped the Chechen opposition and phd dissertation, began armed conflict. Polarization inside the parties has always existed and its nature has continued to change. Russia: During the first stage of the conflict, there was strong opposition to Yeltsin's policy in teaching and solution, the Soviet Government and in the Russian parliament. At the second stage, there was a consolidation in Russia: nobody argued about the necessity of the state of emergency because of the ethnic conflict in Ingushetia. The policy of waiting suited the literature different forces in Russia -- all except for the extreme right. Voices in for account clerk, support of some actions toward the literature solution of the conflict eventually started to appear. After the mcdonalds than burger king essay invasion, there was a very deep polarization in Russian society. The military actions were supported only by the extreme right forces.

Chechnya: Polarization increased during the conflict. If, at first, Dudayev was supported by the parliament and people, after he established a corrupt regime some forces turned away from him: the opposition was formed. But, it wasn't popular among the people because of the collaboration with Russia. During the war, the situation changed: even some opposition forces started fighting on Dudayev's side. B. Escalation. The escalation of the conflict could be described by literature, the 'aggressor-defender model' (Pruitt Rubin, 1986). It is known that 'power use increases with power imbalance' (Cook Emerson, p. 107) The contentious. strategy is likely to be chosen under following conditions: '[A] Party is concerned about own outcomes but not [about the] other's outcomes; [one] party is antagonistic toward the other; [one] party's aspirations are higher and are resistant to lowering; little integrative potential is believed to exist . On Pedagogy? . [One] party is likely to make use of contentious behavior in an effort to lower [the] other's aspirations, while keeping his or her own aspirations at their current high level.' (Pruitt Rubin, p. 44). All these patterns can be applied to the behavior of both sides of the conflict.

Using Kenneth Boulding's theory of power (Kenneth Boulding, 1989; Wehr, Burgess Burgess, 1994), it is possible to say that Russia tried to implement power of 'violent' threats (forcing power) which were met with defiance and counterthreats; then, when it tried to use exchange (trading) power -- it did not work -- because Chechnya did not want to compromise on the issue of english phd dissertation independence; then, Russia returned to forcing power. Escalation generally shifts conflict parties into a 'crisis mode' when irreparable errors are more easily committed (Wehr, 1979). The aggressor ordinarily starts with mild contentious tactics because of the costs involved in escalation. But, if this does not work, he or she moves on to heavier tactics, continuing to escalate until the goals are attained or a point is reached at which the value of goal attainment is outweighed by the anticipated cost of continued escalation. The defender merely reacts, escalating his or her efforts in letter for account clerk, response to english literature, the aggressor's escalation. Escalation persists until the aggressor either wins or gives up trying (Pruitt Rubin, 1986, p. 90); this description can be applied to the whole conflict and especially to cover for account clerk, the last stage. C. English Literature? Stereotyping. Stereotyping played a big role in this conflict: neither of the parties could get rid of stereotypes about mcdonalds than burger essay each other: Russia focused on the illegality of Dudayev's regime and its criminal nature [which though was partly true, but did not rise to the extent of announcing all chechens as criminals]. Chechnya focused on the view of Russia as a suppressor of Chechen liberty, only full independence from Russia could permit Chechnya to grow. Thus, the image of an enemy was created. VII.

ALTERNATIVE ROUTS TO SOLUTIONS OF THE PROBLEMS. Chechen leaders held a rigid position on the main issue of the conflict, which determined the literature phd dissertation course of the conflict. Russia could not compromise on this issue; it tried to suggest other alternatives which were not accepted by cover letter for account receivable clerk, the Chechen leaders. Later, they agreed to negotiate about confederation; but at that time Russia already started its military campaign. Military power was on its side and it did not want to literature, go retrench.

I think that Russia did not trust Dudayev and that Dudayev did not trust Russia. During the days of Chechen revolution, M. Poltoranin, who was Russian Minister for the Press and Information, suggested to Yeltsin that Dudayev be made presidential representative in Checheno- Ingushetia on the ground that this would persuade his government to 'work for teaching problem and solution essays, Russia'. In the english event that Dudayev rejected the post, he could be arrested. Two well-known experts in ethical political science (Emil Pain and teaching and solution, Arkadiy Popov) worked out the concept of english phd dissertation 'peaceful competition between two systems'. Under this concept, overt socioeconomic (and not military) support should have been offered to the three northern regions of makes you mad essay Chechnya, whose population had clearly recognized themselves to be part of the Russian Federation by early September 1994. This strategy was aimed at normalizing life in the Chechen regions loyal to Russia and thus raising Russia's popularity in the eyes of the population so that Chechen residents could make a well thought out choice in literature phd dissertation, a year when elections to the republic's new power structures would be held. The concept provided for the possibility of open political talks with the Chechen opposition and confirming and strengthening the powers of the head of the Nadterechnyy district administration, Umar Avturkhanov. I would say this was the route toward a nonviolent solution of the conflict.

The leader of Russia's Democratic Choice (Party), Yegor Gaydar, said in one of his speeches that all attempts made in the second half of the 20th century to resolve ethnic problems by force failed completely. You Mad Essay? In his opinion, the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1990-1991 began with the degradation of the army, the CPSU, and the KGB that had kept the country together. In 1991, he believes, the USSR actually fell into 16, not 15, parts because in autumn 1991 Chechnya became independent de facto. From his point of view, the only way to keep the integrity of Russia is to guarantee the effective operation of a free market economy. At the beginning of 1994, it became clear that the phd dissertation Russian market mechanism is working and producing results; at essay n the the same time the Chechen economy was falling apart.

It was evident that the Chechen economy was unable to english literature phd dissertation, function normally outside the makes Russian economy. As a result, Chechnya became a scarecrow for regions thinking of english phd dissertation breaking away from better than king essay, Russia. It was at this time that the phd dissertation crisis of the Dudayev regime began. Representatives of on pedagogy various opposition groups thronged to Moscow; it was evident, Gaydar believes, that the literature continuation of the policy of economic and political pressure combined with constructive talks would have been quite enough to peacefully, gradually, undramatically, but steadily, integrate Chechnya into Russia's constitutional space according to the pattern developed with Tatarstan. But Russian politicians decided that because Dudayev was weak, they would not negotiate and instead use force. It is mcdonalds than burger king true that if anyone won from this, it was Dudayev; the integrity of the federation was damaged. I believe that the english literature phd dissertation Chechen people must decide what way to go and that Russia had to spare no effort to persuade them (by nonviolent means) on the necessity of being part of Federation. 4. At the end of December, after the military campaign had started, there were voices to start talks within the Russian leadership. Professor Emil Pain, a member of Presidential Council, said that Dudayev could not be ignored since a certain part of the population supported him.

At that time, two ways of solving the conflict still existed: the continuation of the strong-arm approach and some hints of political approach. Pain believed that Russia could cede to a certain amount of than burger king Chechen independence by agreeing to establish confederative relations with Groznyy. He said that it was too late to stick to the framework of the Russian Federation at phd dissertation talks with Chechnya. Mcdonalds Better Burger? (Ekho Moskvy, 26 Dec., 1994). D. Volkogonov, an adviser to english literature phd dissertation, President Yeltsin and a member of the Presidential Council, had the same opinion. On Pedagogy? He pointed out that if there was a signal from Moscow, Dudayev would come at once; he believed that it was not late to talk about Chechnya remaining in RF. 5. In March 1995, Chernomyrdin presented a long-term government plan for the peaceful settlement of the crisis in Chechnya. Literature? He confirmed the Russian government's readiness for talks to essay on pedagogy, include representatives of 'illegal armed formations' in Chechnya. He advocated negotiations to create zones of mutual non-use of english phd dissertation force in essay on pedagogy, Chechnya as the first step. He explained that the creation of literature these zones would entail an immediate cessation of hostilities in the designated areas followed by the disengagement of the opposing sides and the seizure of heavy weapons and their transfer for safekeeping. This solution also contains sections on: measures to protect vitally important installations, restoring law and order on the republic's territory; dialogue with the makes you mad essay elderly and english literature, representatives of residential centers aimed at essay on boyz expanding peace zones; and, assisting Khadzhiev's government of english national revival in hood, bringing humanitarian aid, restoring the economy and preparing for free elections.

Those armed groups which refuse to lay down arms would be forced to retreat to the mountains and phd dissertation, other thinly populated areas of the Chechen republic. VII. CONFLICT REGULATION POTENTIAL. Internal limiting factors. During the conflict, there were internal limiting factors, but they were not used. I mentioned above that for Russia it was very important to have Chechnya in the Federation.

The economic and political crisis in Chechnya showed that the Chechen economy hardly could function outside Russian Federation. That is why I feel that implementation by Russia of tactics proposed by Gaidar, Popov and Pain (constructive confrontation, using a mix of power strategies emphasizing persuasive power) combined with talks could prevent further military escalation of the conflict. Through the use of power and coercion, it is possible to achieve a predetermined outcome without going into the complexity of the problem concerned. With force, the complexities of on boyz n the any human dimension can be overridden, in the short term, and english literature, the situation can be reduced to the simple dimensions of institutional preservation. This is an essay, attraction for those who have political responsibilities. Power politics was designed to make simple issues out of these very complex problems (Burton, 1990, p. 86). Using tactics mentioned above, it was possible not 'to treat problems simplistically by repressive means, [but] by english literature, problem- solving, that is by analyzing the issues at stake within the framework of an teaching problem essays, adequate theory of english literature behavior' (Burton, 1990, p.87). I agree that such a 'ripened' stage must be avoided, that 'negotiations in such circumstances is unlikely to result in a resolution of the problem, and that any settlement arrived at is likely to for account receivable clerk, last only so long as the power relations make the absence of war possible' (Burton, 1990, p. 88). English? I feel that this conflict might have that fate. External limiting factors.

At the first stage of the conflict, there was a third party: the Soviet government, which precluded military action. However, it did not try to play role of mediator. It could have been possible to establish communication between parties at this stage. C. Interested or neutral third parties. For a long time, this conflict was considered an interior affair of Russia.

Only now does the world community grasp the gravity of the situation and essay on pedagogy, endeavor to push Yeltsin to cease military actions. The external threat or imposing of literature economic, social, and political sanctions may influence the balance of power between the opponents. Sanctions may have persuasive effectiveness beyond their simple economic impact (Wehr, Burgess Burgess, p. 12). I think that this policy might have worked if it could have been used earlier, when the war just started. D. Cover Letter Receivable Clerk? Techniques of conflict management. I tried to show above that the conflict could have been managed in a different way. A lot of mistakes were made by both sides.

Instead of using a nonviolent mix of power strategies, the literature phd dissertation parties chose threat and violence. Instable political and essay on it is better than, economic system, a demoralized army, the absence of deeply rooted democratic traditions and ethical norms 'prepared Russian society. 'for an outburst of violence and intolerance'' (Wehr, Burgess Burgess, 1994, p. 3). I agree that neither Russia nor Chechnya are prepared for using a nonviolent approach to political and english, economic problems. In order to make any recommendations for the future, it is necessary to understand the real situation in the republic. Accurate, detailed information is very difficult to obtain.

Russian generals confidently state that there will not be a guerrilla war; Dudayev believes that with the beginning of spring, Chechen formations will step up activities and new volunteers from other countries and territories will come to Chechnya across opening mountain passes. If there is an exhausting guerrilla war in the republic, Russia will have to keep military forces there in order to defend the installed puppet leader. Essay? The experience of Afghanistan does not posit a favorable outcome for such politics. Chernomyrdin's plan could be useful only if negotiations with both Dudayev supporters and their opposition can be restarted. Implementation of measures used by Esquipulas II in Nicaragua ('demilitarization of conflict through cease-fires; national reconciliation through negotiated settlement, amnesty for insurgents, and literature, repatriation of refugees; democratization of political system through free and open elections, protection of human rights' (Wehr, Burgess Burgess, 1994, p. 88)) could improve the situation. Cover Letter For Account? Participation of a third party might be necessary: it could be 'insider', trusted by both parties (for example, Ruslan Aushev the president of Ingushetia, who already tried to play this role); it could be an outsider, what may be even better, because such a mediator will not be dependent on any of the sides; representatives of english phd dissertation other republics of Russia could be observers. The new triadic system can serve to dissolve the essay on pedagogy stalemate, produce disputant cooperation with (or against) the intervenor, provide for facesaving [which I expect to be an english literature, important issue in case of negotiations: 'by implicitly or explicitly requesting concessions, the third party can deflect the responsibility for essay, compromise from the shoulders of the disputants; the third party serves as a substitute target for the principals' display of irritation, thereby deflecting anger away from the advisory . ; the third party can work separately with the english literature phd dissertation two principals . to improve the two parties' images of on pedagogy each other' (Pruitt Rubin, 1986, p. 170, 176, 177).] (Wehr, unpublished). Enemy images are the most perverse and resistant form of constructed reality. . If a conflict is reality constructed by opponents, it can just as well be reconstructed by them in a less costly form. . If antagonists can be brought to reconceptualize reality as something they produce and thus control, they might be brought to externalize , objectify and internalize more peaceful, less violent relations (Wehr, Conflict Utility Module II).

If it could have been done earlier, the conflict would not have achieved such a violent form. Negotiations could be successful only if the opponents 'conceive a preferred outcome that did not require the elimination of either side. . Each side's goals would be at least partially met regardless of electoral victory or defeat' (Wehr, Burgess Burgess, 1994, p. English Literature Phd Dissertation? 92). I think that the problem-solving strategy remains the mcdonalds better than burger king essay only solution 'if we cannot push each other any harder than we already have, if we refuse to end the stalemate through yielding or withdrawing, and if doing nothing is simply too costly' (Pruitt Rubin, 1986, p.131). I support the concept of 'assuming that opposing groups in a community conflict can form visions of the community's future that reflect their strongly-held values. Those values can be identified, measured and perhaps brought together to produce a common vision that best incorporates the divergent values' (Rohrbaugh Wehr, 1978, p. 523-532). This method can be used to phd dissertation, map the values of different groups in Chechnya about the future development of their country. This process can clarify value preferences and positions and cover for account, locate potential areas for moderation and cooperation. I think the same process then can be used in solving the Russian-Chechen conflict. The purpose of my research will be to make sociological theory more applicable in conflict mediation, specificly in Eastern Europe.

One method of applying conflict theory to particular cases is the creation of so-called Theoretical Utility Modules. These modules include a brief description of the theory and its application potential for managing ethnic conflicts. Examples in Eastern Europe would be conflicts taking place in the former Soviet Union (Russia-Chechnya, Armenia-Azerbaijan, Moldova, etc.), and english phd dissertation, former Yugoslavia. The idea of essay to have Theoretical Utility Modules was developed by Professor P. Wehr and used in his course Dealing with intractable conflict. (The sample Utility Module written by him for english, the class is attached). In this form conflict theory can be easily presented to the political leaders, officials and academicians who are close to ethnic-based conflicts. The Theoretical Utility Modules will be translated into Russian, which is still widely used in the republics of the former Soviet Union.

The project will improve the accessibility of the Conflict Research Consortium (CRC) database to mediators who are dealing with ethnic conflicts. The final goal of the project is to produce a number of Utility Modules in both English and Russian. In my research I am going to use the CRC database and a number of books, an approximate list of which is attached. Projected timetables and due dates, criteria of evaluation -- ? Bibliography (theoretical literature on conflict management) Boulding, K. 1989. On It Is Better To Have Brains Than? Three Faces of Power. Burton, J. 1990. Conflict: Resolution and Prevention. Coleman, J. Community conflict. Cook, K. Emerson, R. Social Exchange Theory. Pruitt, D. Rubbin, J. English Literature Phd Dissertation? 1986.

Social Conflict: Escalation, Stalemate, and Settlement. Rubin, J. 1991. Negotiation Theory and Practice. Wehr, P., Burgess, H. Burgess, G. And Solution? 1994. Justice Without Violence. Wehr, P. 1979.

Conflict Regulation. (1) Funding for this Project was provided by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and the University of Colorado. All ideas presented are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Consortium, the University, or Hewlett Foundation. For more information, contact the Conflict Resolution Consortium, Campus Box 327, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0327. Phone: (303) 492-1635, e-mail: [email protected]

1994. Conflict Resolution Consortium. Literature Phd Dissertation? Do not reprint without permission.

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