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Business Development Business Plan. We are currently in a highly lucrative market in a rapidly growing economy. The current trend towards an increase in the number of entrepreneurs and competition amongst existing companies presents an essay potna beats, opportunity for an increased demand for market information and services that will enable companies to essay outline stay ahead of the pack. Our services will be positioned very carefully: they will be of extremely high quality, relevant, timely and accurate, tailored to potna the clients' needs so as to enable them to make the right decisions, in turn leading towards growth of their companies, benefiting the overall economy. Palms and Bonds offers the expertise that a proactive-oriented and market-opportunity seeking company needs to develop and lookup, enter new product distribution and new market segments in new markets. We intend to provide a number of necessary services to the business community and to the public.
These can be summed up in two main divisions -- Business and Training Services. Our business services can be taken as marketing research, market research reports, project-based consulting, business and marketing plans, plan consulting and writing, high-level retainer consulting and company registration. Our training services include workshops and seminars on such topics as sales and marketing, as well as in-house training of receptionists, secretaries, and sales and marketing personnel. Our marketing strategy will be based mainly on ensuring that customers know what needs the services are able to fulfill, and making the right information available to the right target customer. We intend to implement a market penetration strategy that will ensure that we are well known and beats, respected in our respective industry. We will ensure that our services' prices take into mit thesis lookup, consideration people's budgets, and that these people appreciate the essay services, know that it exists, and where to find it. The marketing will convey the sense of quality in of passion every picture, every promotion, and every publication. Our promotional strategy will involve integrating advertising, events, personal selling, public relations, direct marketing and Internet marketing, details of which are provided in the marketing section of beats, this plan.
Our target markets will range from persons in etheses uwaterloo the corporate towers, small or medium businesses, to potna beats home institutions needing information on their particular area of concern. The common bond will be the what an american appreciation of the essay importance of quality information that will enable correct decisions to what does an american outline be made, holding all things equal. Palms and Bonds prides itself on its analytical ability, its value-added service, competitive fees, its high standards of essay potna, quality and its adaptability to changes in the market and in the method of its practice. Palms and Bonds intends to provide the client with more than just information and planning tools. What Does It Mean To Be An American Outline? We intend to provide quality information that is customized to the client's needs, in the process assisting them on how best to use the available information. By employing our services, our clients are assured of consultants dedicated to finding the right answers for their business and enabling them to benefit long after we have finished our work.
We are in this line of work because we like efficiency and because we understand and believe in problem solving and market/marketing research. As we grow we want to grow right. For example we recognize that we have to be in constant touch with our stakeholders to ensure market knowledge at potna all times. This is the nature of the channels we deal with. Also, we intend to of passion essays build our management team correctly. We need the essay potna beats right people in the right place at the right time if we are to ensure optimum growth. We intend to etheses ca display cfm ethesis_id develop our team so that our people can grow as the potna beats company grows -- a mutually beneficial relationship. In a nutshell, we don't just intend to market and sell our service, but to market and sell customized information, solutions and a total-quality environment.
This will ensure we establish a reputable corporate image. Note: All displayed currency values represent Botswanan Pula (P). We recommend using LivePlan as the easiest way to create graphs for narrative service your own business plan. Our business strategy will revolve around the need to provide quality information to essay potna our various target clients/customers, in the process fully satisfying their needs. This shall be undertaken through recruitment of a professional marketing research and business consultancy team and ged essay samples, the production of essay potna, good quality reports designed to cater to the client's needs. These reports/proposals shall be professionally done so as to be reflective of ged essay samples, our intended image and reputation. We shall position ourselves as a quality service provider that strives to provide accuracy, relevancy and specific information. We intend to establish a good rapport with all the relevant government agencies and private institutions that may in turn refer us to aspiring entrepreneurs. With time our presence on the World Wide Web will increase the knowledge of our services to essay beats the various market segments we shall be targeting.
This is particularly so with foreign firms looking at writing establishing themselves in Botswana, hence providing them easy access to local information. In such a case Web presence is a natural objective in reaching the appropriate potential customers. We also intend to have brochures that will enable clients to have an understanding of the types of services we offer and essay beats, advantages of of passion, doing so. In addition to well-done brochures, company profiles and business cards often have a triggering effect on clients contemplating investing in essay potna Botswana. These will undoubtedly generate increased sales of our products. Narrative? The keys to Palms and Bonds success will undoubtedly be effective market segmentation through identification of several niche markets and implementation strategies.
Along these lines the company intends to implement personal selling and direct marketing strategies to the target markets. Our personal selling marketing strategies will rotate around keeping in essay potna touch with investment and to be an american essay, finance bodies for major clients and word-of-mouth for more individual investors. our key success factors will include the essay following: Excellence in fulfilling the promise: completely confidential, reliable, trustworthy expertise and information. An American? This dictates that we have the latest technology and software. Uncompromising commitment to the quality of the work: that is, quality data, information and solutions. Developing visibility to generate new business leads. Leveraging from a single pool of expertise into multiple revenue generation opportunities: retainer consulting, project consulting, market research, and market research published reports.
Successful niche marketing: we intend to find and target the quality-conscious customer in the right channels, making sure that the customer will find us through aggressive marketing. Timeous response to clients orders: we cannot afford to delay the client's order for whatever reason as this will have a negative bearing on our image and reputation, including future business. We need to be continually communicating with the client. Marketing know-how: in an increasingly competitive market there is need to essay beats aggressively market our business and the services we provide so as to be continuously at the top of does it mean to be essay, our prospective and current clients minds. Entrepreneurial Flair: market volatility and increasing duplication of business ideas advocates that we continuously keep abreast of essay potna, new trends and our competitors. Palms and etheses ca display cfm ethesis_id 1136, Bonds offers clients reliable, quality information and proposals for business development, market development, and channel development that will maximize business development. A true alternative to essay potna beats in-house resources we offer a very high level of practical experience, know-how, contacts, and to be, confidentiality. Essay Potna Beats? At Palms and Bonds we are able to provide comprehensive solutions to our clients' problems that will foster business development. Clients must know that working with Palms and Bonds is a more professional, less risky way to develop new areas even than working completely in-house with their own people. Palms and Bonds must also be able to maintain financial balance, charging a competitive and realistic value for its services, and delivering an even higher value to its clients. Does An American Essay? Initial focus will be development of the essay beats local market clientele.
Our mission statement is: We endeavor to understand our customers' business so well as to be able to offer comprehensive solutions to ged essay their problems. Your business plan can look as polished and professional as this sample plan. It's fast and easy, with LivePlan. Potna? Business planning has never been easier. With 500 complete sample plans, easy financials, and access anywhere, LivePlan turns your great idea into a great plan for success. You can download this complete sample plan as a text document for FREE. Narrative Service? Bplans is owned and beats, operated by Palo Alto Software, Inc., as a free resource to help entrepreneurs start and run better businesses. 1996 - 2017 Palo Alto Software. All Rights Reserved | We're Hiring!
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How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is tough, and it takes time. And the worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out potna how to make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for a job? It is writing, if you follow the process that I am about to essay, share with you step-by-step. And BEST of narrative all, this resume writing process is potna beats, quick, and does it mean outline it's proven to land you interviews. That's true even if you want to write your first resume and have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to know how to write a resume that stands out.
Here's what you're going to find: How to essay potna, write a resume for a job with examples for every section. Quick but little-known tips to college experience, follow to get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS. Answers to all of essay your questions about how to make the etheses uwaterloo cfm ethesis_id 1136 best resume for a job. How to create a resume online that you can track and send to get more interviews. Essay Potna Beats! A checklist that will help you make sure you know how to prepare a great resume. Here's an example of how to make a good resume for work versus a great resume.
What's the difference? Is it the way it looks? Not only. We've optimized the sample resume on essays, the right to follow the advice that I will share with you in this article. So how do you make a resume? Let me show you step-by-step: Resume vs. CV. What's the beats difference? Hello, blank page.
Now, what? A resume is a document that showcases your work experience, education, and skills so that you can apply for a job. What's the difference between a resume and a CV? Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of life and is a document that entails much more than a resume. Not only is a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and experience in much greater detail. It's the ideal document for academics. So, knowing how to service, write an academic resume is knowing how to write a CV. If you need to know more, read our guide: CV vs. Resume: What is the beats Difference? When to narrative, Use Which (Examples) Once you know if you should write a CV or resume, it's time to choose the right format.
How to Choose a Professional Resume Format. What does a resume look like? There are three types of professional resume formats: Most job seekers choose the reverse-chronological resume format. Here's what a sample resume looks like written in essay, the reverse-chronological format: Traditional Familiar to essay experience, Recruiters. Experienced professionals can highlight skills. Essay Potna! Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills. Uncommon and not as familiar to samples, recruiters. Beats! Not suggested for entry-level job seekers.
Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of ged essay experience. Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is essay potna, best for you? Need to see examples of resumes with different layouts? Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems. Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at the top. Here is how to writing, write a resume contact section: Adding your address is optional.
It is no longer necessary to add it to a modern resume. Essay Potna Beats! Plus, it might be better to exclude it if you are applying for a job that isn’t local. Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider. Not using your current work email.
Instead, create a professional, private email address. Avoiding email addresses from of passion essays when you were in high school. It won’t amuse recruiters to see [email protected] or [email protected] . Beats! Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview. Adding URLs to of passion, your personal website or blog directs recruiters to potna beats, your portfolio or extra work that you want to crimes of passion, show without cluttering up your perfect resume. Pro Tip: Make sure you review your social media accounts to essay, check for unprofessional content.
When you add a link to your social media profiles, make sure they're optimized to give recruiters the of passion essays best impression. Not sure how to optimize your LinkedIn profile to attract employers? Read our guide: How to Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Here’s How the Best Candidates Start Their Resumes. Again, what does a resume look like? Well, you know that contact information comes first.
But what comes next? Education? Experience? Does it matter where you put things when you're deciding how to make a resume? The short answer is yes, it does matter. That's because your best stuff should go in the top third of your resume. And the potna best way to start any killer resume is with an introduction to yourself. Think of ged essay it like this:
The top of your resume is the penthouse - the most important piece of real estate on the document. Essay! But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in between reading Facebook messages from grandma, drinking coffee, and deciding what's for lunch. She is looking for mit thesis very specific information, and she is only going to essay beats, look for mit thesis lookup it in the top third of your resume. If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the day. Here's a sample resume: What is potna beats, a resume summary statement?
A resume summary is etheses ca display cfm ethesis_id 1136, a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. Potna Beats! It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and pulling out chairs. Charming, funny, and a great conversationalist seeking to an american outline, leverage 10+ years of experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an MA in potna beats, hand holding and college a license to cook romantic dinners. What is a resume objective statement? A resume objective achieves the same thing as a resume summary.
The difference is how you write one and who should use it. Experienced Chef interested in becoming a Zoo Keeper. Tons of experience with picky clients who need to essay, be fed with the crimes right food at the right time. Want to essay potna, apply my patience and understanding of does essay outline complicated clients to taking care of angry lions at the Zoo. This candidate chose an effective resume objective over essay potna beats a summary because he is changing his career from chef to zookeeper.
Either way, the point is to focus on the employer's needs and writing not your own. Who should use an objective for a resume? Entry-level Applicants and Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to write something called a professional profile . When considering how to essay potna beats, write a resume profile, think of it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the mit thesis lookup objective and the summary. A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the company’s needs and essay potna beats values. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points. Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of mit thesis lookup summaries tailored specifically to your profession? Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to beats, Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in the body of an excellent resume is the section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments.
For most of you, that will probably be the experience section. Let's say you're learning how to make a student resume, or have little or no work experience. In that case, lead with your education or skills section. But do you know how to write a resume employment history? When you start writing a resume experience section you will want to of passion essays, keep a few things in mind: Write your job history in reverse-chronological order - start with your current position. Include around six bullet points describing the essay potna beats scope of your responsibilities. Tailor each of does to be an american these bullets points to reflect the skills listed in the job description.
Follow the potna beats bullet point format (see below), and include facts and narrative writing figures. You should try to include achievements that show your professional impact. Tell a career story that reinforces your professinal persona. Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for our top performing product.
Analyze market trends and recommend solutions resulting in a 10% upswing in essay potna beats, sales annually. Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Head up a team of 10+ marketing specialists. Organize marketing materials. Responsible for brand strategy. Crimes Essays! Responsible for beats analyzing market trends. Responsible for a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of of passion job hopping? Let’s face it. Not all of us have a pristine job history. And it's difficult to know how to create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating.
One approach is to include a brief explanation next to each job. By briefly stating that your stay became short lived due to essay beats, downsizing or relocation, you will reassure the recruiter that you're not a risky candidate. Chronic career hoppers may be tempted to tamper with dates, leaving only the years in their experience section: Excluding the months makes it look like you worked a year instead of three months. But it's a dirty trick that employers know well, which makes it a big no, no. Pro Tip: Feel free to list “non-traditional” work in your experience section - like volunteer jobs or freelance work. Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. You should also write your education section of your resume in reverse-chronological order, with your most recent degree appearing first. Usually, you will want to include the essay experience type of degree, your major, your university, and any honors or awards you received. You can skip your GPA.
But if you're a recent college graduate who's making a student resume, it's okay to add your GPA if it's 3.5 or higher. You can also include a coursework narrative. Essay Potna Beats! For professionals, the inclusion of a coursework narrative is essay experience, another way to reinforce a professional persona. Do you know how to make a resume when you have a GED or didn't graduate? Not sure how to write a degree on a resume? We can help with that. Check out essay beats our article: How To Put Your Education On A Resume [Tips Examples] Why You Need to college essay experience, Focus on Your Skills Section. When you consider how to potna, make a good resume that stands out , it has everything to do with sprinkling your skills throughout your resume. But, it also makes sense to uwaterloo ca display cfm ethesis_id, have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .”
Use the key skills listed in beats, the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. More about that later. Recruiters should be able to ged essay samples, see two things when they look at your skills for a resume: You have the essay potna beats skill set they want and requested in the job post. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker. Do you want to etheses cfm ethesis_id 1136, know how to essay potna, make a great resume for a job that showcases the best resume skills? I thought so. Read our guide: What Skills To Put On a Resume [Examples + 6 Proven Tips] How to Add Other Resume Sections While Making an ged essay, Effective Resume.
Here are some additional resume sections you can consider adding if you don't feel the traditional resume sections are doing it for you. Students and fresh graduates - you may want to consider adding a separate section for awards or honors, or a section for extracurricular activities. If you've got a technical background - you might want to consider an extra section for potna beats certificates, licenses, or software. Narrative Writing! Some professionals who have opted for making a resume for work over essay an academic CV might still want to add a section for publications or conferences. Others may want to college, add a section that shows off their command of languages or other achievements and potna projects. Whatever you decide to add, just make sure that your additions don't overwhelm your resume. Cfm Ethesis_id! You still want everything to fit onto one page if possible.
No One Adds a Hobbies Section, But It Works So Well. The hobbies section of a resume is optional. But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for a resume, makes your resume stand out, and gives the potna hiring manager a fuller image of you. Your interests are also a way to make yourself more attractive and memorable to your potential employer.
You can always cut this section later if your resume is lookup, too long. Not convinced? Well, it's true. Essay! Adding a hobbies and interests section can boost a contemporary resume. Find out etheses ca display how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to the Job Description. Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on your resume before a human does? On average, a corporate job offer attracts up to 250 resumes . Of those, 4 to essay beats, 6 candidates will get invited for an interview. Writing! And only one person will get the job. With that many resumes to sift through, recruiters are using something called Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software.
The software compares your resume to essay, the job description based on keywords. How to prepare a resume that will make it through ATS? You need to tailor your resume. Tailoring a resume to the job description is adding keywords and information from the job offer. For starters, you're going to mit thesis lookup, want to make a master resume. A master resume is an updated version of all your work experience, skills, and accomplishments. When you sit down to potna, write a tailored version of mit thesis lookup your resume, you will pick and choose material from your master resume to match the specific job for which you are applying. To further tailor the content to beats, the job description, you're going to uwaterloo cfm ethesis_id 1136, add keywords that you find in the offer.
Let's say you want to apply for a job as a copywriter. The job description says: Able to work on several campaigns at once, sometimes under pressure and often to tight deadlines. To tailor your basic resume, you will want to essay, add some of the phrases verbatim to uwaterloo ca display cfm ethesis_id 1136, your experience section. Essay Beats! For example: Work on several campaigns at once. To make it more powerful, you can add details such as the number of writing campaigns you can juggle at potna once.
Here is an example of a resume job description with all of the ged essay samples keywords highlighted along with a resume sample that we've tailored to beats, match. Need more in-depth information about how to make a resume that's tailored to the job description? Need more resume samples? Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description How to Prepare a Resume That Will Attract ANY Recruiter. If you're struggling with how to make a good resume stand out, all you need to do is make things quantifiable.
Wherever possible. Experience! Everywhere. Beats! Because using numbers gives the recruiter some tangible proof of an of passion, achievement. Here are some basic resume examples of achievements: The hiring manager now sees quantifiable, specific proof of your achievements. Using numbers also improves the readability of the text, and draws the eye of the essay potna beats recruiter. No One Adds Achievements, But It Works So Well.
Adding achievements to it mean to be an american, your resume is an potna, extremely effective way of selling your skills and experience. All you have to narrative service, do is add your achievements as resume bullet points in your experience section. You will want to use the potna PAR ( Problem Action Result ) Approach to writing your achievements: Here're a few right and wrong resume examples of crimes how to write achievements: Problem : My previous employer wanted to increase revenue. Action : I created a new marketing campaign on essay potna, Facebook. Result : We saw an increase in sales by 15% and an increase in revenue by 10%. Not sure how to narrative writing service, quantify your achievements? Want more examples of accomplishments to put on a contemporary resume?
Read our guide: Examples of Professional Achievements To Put On A Resume [3 Tips] Turn Boring Words Into Action Words - Here’s How. How many times have you used the phrase responsible for in your experience section? More than once? You may want to consider mixing up your vocabulary. Overusing words and phrases like “responsible for” or “manage” is boring. Now, while you should avoid jargon and essay beats empty words, action verbs can spice up your resume and essay make it stand out. Also, be sure to potna beats, use the samples present tense when describing your current role. Here're a few before and essay after resume examples: Pro Tip: Don't overdo it. You don't want to sound like a freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary.
And avoid resume buzzwords like synergy. Trust me. The Best Candidates Know How to Show Their Career Progression. What makes a good resume? CEO, Director, Manager - all you need is a big, impressive title, right?
At this point, you probably figured out that knowing how to build a resume goes far beyond listing fancy titles. What really matters, is whether those titles are backed up by a story of career progression. For example, describing yourself as a social media manager won’t be credible if all you did was the marketing for your parent’s pizza place. You have to show a steady progression into a management position. Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id! Each former role should reinforce your place in the next one. Rather than repeating duties when you describe previous roles, write about the new tasks you took on when you advanced. Responsible for the creation of a global brand strategy for a major category.
Prepare Category and Portfolio Deployment Plans. Analyze market trends and essay potna recommend solutions. Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and essay implemented promotional campaigns. Cooperated with interactive agencies. Beats! Managed project budgets and timeline control. Researched information. Assisted during promotional campaigns.
See how these responsibilities evolve? What if you're a student and etheses uwaterloo 1136 need to know how to make a resume with no experience. Read our dedicated guide on how to write a resume for students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to Create a Resume That Draws Attention to Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance. Potna Beats! Even lateral moves suggest that you were able to handle diverse responsibilities. Here are a few ways to ged essay, describe your promotions while writing a resume: Repeatedly recognized for top performance through fast-track promotions and selection for high-priority initiatives. Earned promotion following a superior performance, and demonstrated ability to quickly learn and master complex concepts.
What if you moved up within the same organization? You don’t have to mention the name of the same company more than once. Essay Potna! It will make even the best resume look messy. Here’s what to do instead: COMPANY NAME City, State, 2001 to service, Present. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and potna beats achievements.
Here's a Quick Tip on How Make Your Resume Easy to Read. Need to know how to make a resume easy for a recruiter to read? It's as simple as aligning your text to the left. To make your text even more skimmable use the same resume font and font size, and narrative service make strategic use of essay potna bold, italics, and caps. The bulk of your resume will consist of bullet points. Here's how to construct them: Spearheaded a targeted email campaign that resulted in a 15% upswing in newsletter registration. You might also want to college experience, consider how to create a resume using templates. Professional resume templates can make your documents cleaner and beats easier to read. They also save you time and energy. Does It Mean! Let's face it.
No one likes trying to control one-inch margins in Word. Is a Font Ruining Your Awesome Resume? While choosing a basic resume font may seem like a silly chore - it's not. A good font will ensure that your resume is readable. What is the best font for a resume?
The best font for a resume is one that a recruiter can read with no effort. Stick with fonts that sound like hipster baby names - Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and Verdana. What is the best resume font size? The Goldilocks font size is 10-12 points - not too big and essay potna beats not too small. Lookup! Keep it uniform. The bottom line is making sure you don't sacrifice resume margins, white space, or font size in essay beats, an attempt to cram everything onto one page. Still not sure about of passion, what font to choose while writing a resume? Read our guide about the best resume fonts: What Is The Best Font For A Resume (+10 Examples Tips) Here Is the Best Way to Save Your Resume. When you're done writing your perfect resume, it's time to consider how to essay, make a resume file.
And that's not as obvious as it sounds. The best advice is to save your resume as a PDF and give it your name. When you save your resume as a PDF, there is no chance that the formatting will glitch and essay experience get messed up when a recruiter opens the file. Do keep in mind that if your resume has to pass ATS software, Cylons don't like special formatting or graphics. Read the instructions explaining how to send your resume, because you may need to send something other than a PDF. How should you name your files? The recruiter won’t have to search for essay potna that crazy space smuggler’s resume when they want to mit thesis lookup, refer to it. Not sold on saving your file as a PDF document? Need to see some pros and cons about different file formats?
Read our guide: Word VS PDF Resume: What Is The Best Resume Format? Here Is an Easy Way to Keep a Resume Short. How long should an ideal resume be? One page or two? Most contemporary resume guidelines will tell you that while making a resume, you should do your best to keep it to potna beats, one page. But you don’t want to writing, force it, and that isn't true for everyone. The best thing to do is to go through at the end and trim as much fat as possible without losing the value. Here are three tips on how to beats, make a resume for a job shorter: If you aren't sure how long your resume should be or need more advice on how to mit thesis lookup, make a resume shorter, read our guide: How Long Should a Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know Little Known Tools That Will Proofread Your Resume for You. One of the essay worst things you can do is send out a basic resume that is full of grammar and service spelling mistakes.
You need to proofread your resume. It doesn’t matter if you already know how to essay potna, write a resume that stands out. Does It Mean To Be Essay! Even the best resumes need to be proofread by a second person. Whoever you chose can also give you an objective opinion about how you’ve presented yourself. Start by essay potna proofreading your resume with the mit thesis help of essay potna beats apps like Grammarly, Language Tool, or other language tools. Next, ask your mom, your partner, your best friend, your neighbor - whoever - to read over your resume for you. How to Clean Up Your Online Image.
Before sending your resume, you will want to check your online presence. Service! That's because 59% of recruiters research candidates online after reading their resumes. Let's say you're sure you know how to write a resume and you follow all of essay our advice. Narrative Service! That won't matter if you skip this step. Start by entering your name into Google to see what comes up in the results. Most of you will find links to essay potna beats, your social media profiles. As long as you cleared your profiles of unprofessional content, you should be good to go. If you have a more common name like Jane Smith, for example, you may not find much about yourself at all. Some of you might be disturbed to find extremely personal content such as your bank account number, an ged essay, image of your signature, or sexually explicit images that have been posted without your consent.
If this happens, you can ask Google to remove the information from the Internet for you. If you find some embarrassing content on a web page, Google suggests that it is best to essay potna beats, contact the webmaster (owner) to have the ged essay samples image or content removed. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. A cover letter is still needed when you send a resume to a potential employer. Up to 45% of recruiters will reject resumes without cover letters.
So, even if you know how to write a resume, you can forget about landing the job if you don't send a cover letter. Your cover letter or application letter is where you can expand upon things that you need to keep brief on your resume. It also needs to be tailored to the job for essay beats which you are applying. As for resume references, they're the essay experience one thing you truly don't need anymore. So, lose the phrase references upon potna request.
Okay, so you need a cover letter. Mit Thesis Lookup! But do you know how to write an application letter? And better yet, how do you write a convincing one? Read our guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Why Sending a Personal Message Can Be a Big Win. When you send your resume to a general email address like [email protected] , your resume is entering a swamp of identical messages from other candidates. One thing you can do to differentiate your message is to try to essay beats, find out the name of the person who will be reading your resume and send them a personal email. This is not the mit thesis lookup best solution in every case. You will need to decide if a hiring manager will see the gesture as clever or creepy. Pro Tip : If you use our resume builder, ( create your resume here ) you have the option to beats, publish your resume and what does it mean send a link to potna, employers. Sending a link will allow you to track views and downloads so that you know how well your resume is performing.
Want to college, send a personal message but can't find the hiring manager's email address? Need to know how to write a resume email? We've got you covered: How To Email Your Resume To Get More Replies From Employers Once you've sent your resume, it's a good idea to track it. You can install a free sales tool like Mixmax or YesWare to help you. Knowing if recruiters have opened and read your email will enable you to follow-up promptly or find different email addresses. Your resume is potna, your passport to job interviews. Ged Essay! And knowing how to make a resume for a job is the potna first step on any career path. So, take the time and energy to think about how to ged essay, write a resume well and how to tailor it to the job description. If you can do that, you're well on your way to beats, the next level - the of passion essays interview.
Bonus: Check out beats our ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to do before you send your resume. How many have you missed? Download: “Resume 101 Checklist.” Are there any great resume writing tips we need to include in the article? Do you have any questions about how to service, make a resume for your position? Add a comment. I’ll be happy to essay, answer.
Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. Of Passion Essays! She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and essay potna binge watching TV series.
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10 Tips on Writing a Real Estate Resume. Essay Potna Beats. Executive recruiters, professional resume writers, and hiring managers say they've seen more poorly written resumes cross their desks recently than ever before. So before you waste time, money and postage and, most importantly, squander employment opportunities and mit thesis tarnish your reputation in potna beats, your industry - with a deficient resume, here are 10 tips for writing an effective resume: Tip # 1: Cite your accomplishments, not merely job descriptions. Hiring managers are seeking candidates who can help them solve a problem or a need within their company. You can't be viewed as a possible solution to their problems without stating how you solved similar problems for ca display other companies. Focus on what you did in the job, not just on what your job was. There is a subtle, but important difference. Include a one or two-line job description, followed by your accomplishments. Then, for each point, ask yourself this question: What was the benefit of your having done what you did?
Your accomplishments should be unique to beats, you, not just a list of what anyone else did or could have done in that job. Cfm Ethesis_id. It should not be the potna beats, generic job description you had when you originally applied for essay experience the position. Tip # 2: Quantify your accomplishments. The most frequent resume mistake is to load it with general claims and potna too much industry jargon. A resume is a marketing document designed to sell your skills and strengths rather than just portray a bio.
By including and essay experience highlighting specific achievements that present a comprehensive picture of your marketability, you'll engender greater confidence in hiring managers and be called for many more interviews. Essay Potna. Quantify everything; provide percentages, dollars, number of employees, training classes. You may need to college experience, work backwards to highlight your accomplishments by asking, If I had not done X, what could have happened? Tip # 3: Cater your resume to beats, your industry. Marketing, advertising, and etheses cfm ethesis_id design professionals have creative license to essay potna, be more distinctive and use flair in the way they design their resumes. Unusual paper, fonts and layout are acceptable and expected in those industries. However, conversely, the real estate industry won't be impressed and may indeed be turned off by distinctive resume design. Mit Thesis. In this sector, it's better to beats, err on the side of being conservative. Your accomplishments, error-free writing, grammatically correct, clean, crisp type and paper will make the impression for you. Crimes Of Passion Essays. If you've been in the market for a while, it's important that you update your information to ensure its relevance to today's market.
Job descriptions dating back many years are a red flag. A resume is not intended to be your biography, but a recitation of what you've done lately and how your skills will benefit their company. Essay. Providing information from the 70's is hardly relevant and can work against narrative you. Essay Potna Beats. Tip # 5: Avoid including irrelevant information. Recruiters and HR specialists agree that listing personal information isn't appropriate or necessary on an executive resume, and including your photograph is the worst offense of all. Your resume is the one phase in your job search over what does it mean to be essay outline, which you have total control. Essay Beats. Based on the strength of cfm ethesis_id 1136 that document, you'll either be selected for an interview from among hundreds of other candidates, or passed over. Therefore, every word you include should be meaningful and help sell your skills and experience. Tip # 6: Replace your Objective with a Career Summary The Career Summary should be designed to give a brief overview of who you are and beats what you do. Since hiring managers spend only a few seconds perusing your resume, the object is to grab their attention.
Replace Objective with a summary that accurately and samples powerfully describes you as a solution to a potential employer's problems. Essay. 15 years of diverse general management, operations and college marketing experience with regional and national real estate firms and a multinational electronics manufacturer. Essay Potna. Wharton M.B.A. with particular expertise in: Real-estate asset, property and crimes turnaround management, leasing, marketing and operations. Financial planning, capital investment budgeting and pricing. Essay Potna. Strategic planning, business development and market analysis. Recruiting, training and management of interdisciplinary work teams. Tip # 7: Avoid Referring to yourself as a consultant. Many candidates use the term consultant to describe their current work status.
Unless you can quantify your consulting activities, recruiters and hiring managers will be skeptical. The consultant title tends to be poorly received on a resume unless a specific task and result are stated and the consulting project is for a recognizable concern. If, for strategic reasons, you use the college essay, term Consultant, describe the projects specifically and provide what the results were (i.e., did you increase sales and by what percent over potna beats, what period of time? Did you improve processes? What were they before and what were the to be essay, results? Did you save the essay potna beats, company money, and how much over what period of time?) These details will help provide greater insight into experience, your Consultant role. Many people leave off graduation and employment dates to avoid possible age discrimination. However, most corporate recruiters use resumes to screen out, rather than screen in candidates, and therefore resume without dates may not be considered. From a recruiter's perspective, candidates eliminate dates on their resumes for only one reason: to hide information, such as a history of job-hopping or a long period of unemployment. As an alternative, focus only on essay potna beats the last 10 or 15 years of your professional experience. Tip # 9: Do the hiring manager's work for etheses uwaterloo ca display cfm ethesis_id 1136 them - format your resume wisely.
No matter how much time and effort you put into writing your resume, it won't get a thorough reading the first time through. Potna Beats. It usually gets skimmed quickly for a matter of seconds. Etheses Uwaterloo Ca Display. It's harder for the reader to potna, give even a cursory initial look if your resume is hard to read, poorly organized or exceeds two pages. Use wide margins, clean type (at least between 10-12 points), clear headings, a logical format, bold and ca display cfm ethesis_id italic typeface that helps guide the reader's eye. Beats. Selective use of bullets calls attention to important points. For unemployed senior-level executives, handing out resumes should be a full-time job. The majority of college experience senior-level positions are filled through networking, so contact absolutely everyone you know in addition to recruiters who are in a position to hire you or share insights.
Networking can include personal business contacts, people you've worked for, people who worked for you but have moved on, vendors and sales representatives with whom you've dealt in the past five years, and even people listed in the alumni directory of your alma mater. With a solid resume in hand, you'll greatly increase your odds of earning a closer look. Copyright 2015-2018 SelectLeaders Real Estate Job Site Network. All Rights Reserved.
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common decency essay If women, of all the subordinate groups in a society dominated by rich white males, were closest to home (indeed, in the home), the most interior, then the Indians were the most foreign, the most exterior. Women, because they were so near and so needed, were dealt with more by patronization than by force. The Indian, not needed-indeed, an obstacle-could be dealt with by sheer force, except that sometimes the language of paternalism preceded the burning of villages. And so, Indian Removal, as it has been politely called, cleared the land for essay potna, white occupancy between the Appalachians and the Mississippi, cleared it for cotton in the South and grain in the North, for expansion, immigration, canals, railroads, new cities, and mit thesis the building of a huge continental empire clear across to the Pacific Ocean.
The cost in human life cannot be accurately measured, in suffering not even roughly measured. Most of the history books given to essay potna children pass quickly over it. Statistics tell the story. We find these in Michael Rogin's Fathers and Children : In 1790, there were 3,900,000 Americans, and most of them lived within 50 miles of the Atlantic Ocean. By 1830, there were 13 million Americans, and by 1840, 4,500,000 had crossed the Appalachian Mountains into the Mississippi Valley-that huge expanse of land crisscrossed by ged essay samples rivers flowing into the Mississippi from east and west. In 1820, 120,000 Indians lived east of the Mississippi. By 1844, fewer than 30,000 were left. Most of them had been forced to migrate westward. But the word force cannot convey what happened. In the Revolutionary War, almost every important Indian nation fought on the side of the potna beats, British. The British signed for peace and went home; the Indians were already home, and so they continued fighting the Americans on the frontier, in a set of desperate holding operations.
Washington's war- enfeebled militia could not drive them back. After scouting forces were demolished one after the narrative writing, other, he tried to follow a policy of beats conciliation. His Secretary of War, Henry Knox, said: The Indians being the prior occupants, possess the right of the soil. His Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson, said in 1791 that where Indians lived within state boundaries they should not be interfered with, and that the government should remove white settlers who tried to encroach on what does it mean essay, them. But as whites continued to move westward, the pressure on the national government increased. By the time Jefferson became President, in essay potna beats 1800, there were 700,000 white settlers west of the mountains. They moved into Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, in ged essay the North; into Alabama and Mississippi in the South.
These whites outnumbered the essay potna beats, Indians about eight to one. Jefferson now committed the federal government to promote future removal of the Creek and the Cherokee from Georgia. Aggressive activity against the Indians mounted in the Indiana territory under Governor William Henry Harrison. When Jefferson doubled the uwaterloo, size of the nation by purchasing the Louisiana territory from France in 1803-thus extending the western frontier from the Appalachians across the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains-he thought the Indians could move there. He proposed to Congress that Indians should be encouraged to settle down on smaller tracts and beats do farming; also, they should be encouraged to trade with whites, to incur debts, and then to college experience pay off these debts with tracts of land. Beats. .. Ged Essay. . Two measures are deemed expedient. First to encourage them to essay beats abandon hunting. Ged Essay Samples. - Secondly, To Multiply trading houses among them . leading them thus to beats agriculture, to narrative service manufactures, and civilization.
Jefferson's talk of agriculture . Essay Potna Beats. . . manufactures . . . civilization is crucial. It Mean To Be An American. Indian removal was necessary for the opening of the vast American lands to agriculture, to commerce, to markets, to money, to the development of the modern capitalist economy. Beats. Land was indispensable for crimes, all this, and after the Revolution, huge sections of land were bought up by rich speculators, including George Washington and Patrick Henry. In North Carolina, rich tracts of essay beats land belonging to the Chickasaw Indians were put on sale, although the Chickasaws were among the few Indian tribes fighting on the side of the Revolution, and a treaty had been signed with them guaranteeing their land. John Donelson, a state surveyor, ended up with 20,000 acres of narrative service land near what is now Chattanooga. His son-in-law made twenty-two trips out of beats Nashville in 1795 for land deals. This was Andrew Jackson. Jackson was a land speculator, merchant, slave trader, and the most aggressive enemy of the Indians in early American history. He became a hero of the samples, War of 1812, which was not (as usually depicted in essay potna beats American textbooks) just a war against England for survival, but a war for the expansion of the new nation, into Florida, into college essay, Canada, into Indian territory.
Tecumseh, a Shawnee chief and noted orator, tried to unite the essay potna beats, Indians against the white invasion: The way, and the only way, to crimes of passion check and to stop this evil, is for all the Redmen to unite in claiming a common and equal right in the land, as it was at potna beats first and should be yet; for it was never divided, but belongs to all for the use of each. That no part has a right to sell, even to service each other, much less to strangers-those who want all and will not do with less. Angered when fellow Indians were induced to cede a great tract of land to the United States government, Tecumseh organized in 1811 an essay potna beats Indian gathering of five thousand, on the bank of the Tallapoosa River in Alabama, and told them: Let the white race perish. They seize your land; they corrupt your women, they trample on the ashes of your dead! Back whence they came, upon a trail of crimes of passion blood, they must be driven. The Creeks, who occupied most of beats Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi, were divided among themselves. Some were willing to adopt the civilization of the white man in what it mean an american outline order to live in peace. Others, insisting on their land and their culture, were called Red Sticks.
The Red Sticks in 1813 massacred 250 people at Fort Mims, whereupon Jackson's troops burned down a Creek village, killing men, women, children. Jackson established the tactic of promising rewards in beats land and plunder: . .. if either party, cherokees, friendly creeks, or whites, takes property of the Red Sticks, the property belongs to those who take it. Not all his enlisted men were enthusiastic for the fighting. There were mutinies; the men were hungry, their enlistment terms were up, they were tired of fighting and wanted to go home. Jackson wrote to his wife about the once brave and patriotic volunteers .. . sunk . to mere whining, complaining, seditioners and mutineers.. .. When a seventeen-year-old soldier who had refused to clean up his food, and experience threatened his officer with a gun, was sentenced to death by a court-martial, Jackson turned down a plea for commutation of potna beats sentence and narrative ordered the execution to proceed. He then walked out of earshot of the firing squad. Jackson became a national hero when in 1814 he fought the Battle of Horseshoe Bend against a thousand Creeks and killed eight hundred of them, with few casualties on his side. His white troops had failed in a frontal attack on the Creeks, but the Cherokees with him, promised governmental friendship if they joined the war, swam the river, came up behind the Creeks, and won the battle for Jackson. When the war ended, Jackson and friends of his began buying up the essay beats, seized Creek lands. He got himself appointed treaty commissioner and dictated a treaty which took away half the land of the Creek nation.
Rogin says it was the largest single Indian cession of southern American land. It took land from ged essay Creeks who had fought with Jackson as well as those who had fought against him, and when Big Warrior, a chief of the friendly Creeks, protested, Jackson said: Listen.. . . The United States would have been justified by the Great Spirit, had they taken all the land of the nation.. .. Listen-the truth is, the great body of the Creek chiefs and potna beats warriors did not respect the power of the United States-They thought we were an insignificant nation-that we would be overpowered by etheses uwaterloo ca display 1136 the British. . They were fat with eating beef- they wanted flogging. Essay Potna. .. . We bleed our enemies in such eases to give them their senses. As Rogin puts it: Jackson had conquered 'the cream of the Creek country,' and it would guarantee southwestern prosperity. He had supplied the college, expanding cotton kingdom with a vast and essay valuable acreage. Jackson's 1814 treaty with the Creeks started something new and important. It granted Indians individual ownership of mit thesis land, thus splitting Indian from Indian, breaking up communal landholding, bribing some with land, leaving others out-introducing the competition and conniving that marked the spirit of Western capitalism. It fitted well the old Jeffersonian idea of how to handle the Indians, by potna beats bringing them into civilization. From 1814 to 1824, in a series of treaties with the southern Indians, whites took over three-fourths of Alabama and Florida, one-third of Tennessee, one-fifth of Georgia and Mississippi, and cfm ethesis_id parts of Kentucky and North Carolina. Jackson played a key role in potna those treaties, and, according to Rogin, His friends and relatives received many of the patronage appointments-as Indian agents, traders, treaty commissioners, surveyors and ged essay samples land agents. Jackson himself described how the potna, treaties were obtained: . we addressed ourselves feelingly to of passion essays the predominant and governing passion of all Indian tribes, i.e., their avarice or fear.
He encouraged white squatters to essay move into Indian lands, then told the Indians the government could not remove the whites and so they had better cede the lands or be wiped out. He also, Rogin says, practiced extensive bribery. These treaties, these land grabs, laid the basis for the cotton kingdom, the slave plantations. Every time a treaty was signed, pushing the Creeks from mit thesis one area to the next, promising them security there, whites would move into the new area and the Creeks would feel compelled to sign another treaty, giving up more land in return for security elsewhere. Jackson's work had brought the white settlements to the border of Florida, owned by Spain. Here were the villages of the Seminole Indians, joined by some Red Stick refugees, and encouraged by British agents in their resistance to the Americans. Potna Beats. Settlers moved into Indian lands. Crimes Of Passion Essays. Indians attacked. Atrocities took place on both sides. Beats. When certain villages refused to surrender people accused of crimes murdering whites, Jackson ordered the villages destroyed.
Another Seminole provocation: escaped black slaves took refuge in potna Seminole villages. Some Seminoles bought or captured black slaves, but their form of slavery was more like African slavery than cotton plantation slavery. The slaves often lived in what essay outline their own villages, their children often became free, there was much intermarriage between Indians and blacks, and soon there were mixed Indian-black villages-all of which aroused southern slaveowners who saw this as a lure to essay beats their own slaves seeking freedom. Jackson began raids into Florida, arguing it was a sanctuary for escaped slaves and for marauding Indians. Florida, he said, was essential to the defense of the narrative writing service, United States. Potna Beats. It was that classic modern preface to a war of conquest. Thus began the Seminole War of 1818, leading to the American acquisition of Florida. It appears on classroom maps politely as Florida Purchase, 1819-but it came from Andrew Jackson's military campaign across the Florida border, burning Seminole villages, seizing Spanish forts, until Spain was persuaded to sell. He acted, he said, by mit thesis lookup the immutable laws of essay potna beats self-defense.
Jackson then became governor of the Florida Territory. He was able now to give good business advice to friends and relatives. To a nephew, he suggested holding on to property in Pensacola. To a friend, a surgeon-general in the army, he suggested buying as many slaves as possible, because the price would soon rise. Leaving his military post, he also gave advice to officers on how to deal with the high rate of service desertion. (Poor whites-even if willing to give their lives at first-may have discovered the rewards of battle going to the rich.) Jackson suggested whipping for the first two attempts, and essay potna beats the third time, execution. The leading books on etheses uwaterloo, the Jacksonian period, written by respected historians ( The Age of Jackson by Arthur Schlesinger; The Jacksonian Persuasion by Marvin Meyers), do not mention Jackson's Indian policy, but there is much talk in them of tariffs, banking, political parties, political rhetoric. If you look through high school textbooks and elementary school textbooks in essay potna American history you will find Jackson the frontiersman, soldier, democrat, man of the people-not Jackson the slaveholder, land speculator, executioner of dissident soldiers, exterminator of college experience Indians. This is not simply hindsight (the word used for thinking back differently on essay potna, the past).
After Jackson was elected President in 1828 (following John Quincy Adams, who had followed Monroe, who had followed Madison, who had followed Jefferson), the essay, Indian Removal bill came before Congress and was called, at the time, the leading measure of the Jackson administration and the greatest question that ever came before Congress except for matters of peace and war. Essay Beats. By this time the two political parties were the Democrats and crimes of passion essays Whigs, who disagreed on banks and tariffs, but not on issues crucial for the white poor, the blacks, the Indians-although some white working people saw Jackson as their hero, because he opposed the rich man's Bank. Under Jackson, and the man he chose to succeed him, Martin Van Buren, seventy thousand Indians east of the Mississippi were forced westward. In the essay potna beats, North, there weren't that many, and etheses cfm ethesis_id the Iroquois Confederation in essay beats New York stayed. Of Passion Essays. But the Sac and Fox Indians of Illinois were removed, after the Black Hawk War (in which Abraham Lincoln was an officer, although he was not in combat). When Chief Black Hawk was defeated and captured in 1832, he made a surrender speech:
I fought hard. But your guns were well aimed. Essay Potna. The bullets flew like birds in what does outline the air, and whizzed by our cars like the wind through the essay, trees in the winter. My warriors fell around me.. Crimes Essays. . . The sun rose dim on us in the morning, and at night it sunk in a dark cloud, and looked like a ball of essay potna beats fire. That was the last sun that shone on Black Hawk. . He is now a prisoner to the white men.. .. He has done nothing for which an Indian ought to be ashamed.
He has fought for his countrymen, the squaws and papooses, against white men, who came year after year, to cheat them and take away their lands. Essay Outline. You know the cause of our making war. It is known to all white men. They ought to be ashamed of potna it. Indians are not deceitful.
The white men speak bad of the Indian and look at him spitefully. Ged Essay. But the potna, Indian does not tell lies. Indians do not steal. An Indian who is as bad as the white men could not live in our nation; he would be put to death, and eaten up by the wolves. The white men are bad schoolmasters; they carry false books, and deal in lookup false actions; they smile in the face of the poor Indian to cheat him; they shake them by potna the hand to gain their confidence, to make them drunk, to deceive them, and ruin our wives. We told them to leave us alone, and keep away from us; they followed on, and uwaterloo ca display cfm ethesis_id 1136 beset our paths, and they coiled themselves among us, like the snake. They poisoned us by essay potna their touch. We were not safe. Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id 1136. We lived in danger.
We were becoming like them, hypocrites and essay potna liars, adulterous lazy drones, all talkers and no workers. Ged Essay. .. . The white men do not scalp the head; but they do worse-they poison the heart.. . . Farewell, my nation! . .. Farewell to essay potna beats Black Hawk. Black Hawk's bitterness may have come in part from the way he was captured. Without enough support to hold out against the white troops, with his men starving, hunted, pursued across the etheses ca display 1136, Mississippi, Black Hawk raised the white flag. The American commander later explained: As we neared them they raised a white flag and essay potna endeavored to decoy us, but we were a little too old for them. Ged Essay. The soldiers fired, killing women and children as well as warriors. Essay Potna Beats. Black Hawk fled; he was pursued and captured by Sioux in the hire of the army.
A government agent told the Sac and Fox Indians: Our Great Father .. . Uwaterloo Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id. will forbear no longer. He has tried to reclaim them, and they grow worse. Essay Potna. He is essay, resolved to sweep them from the face of the earth. . If they cannot be made good they must be killed. The removal of the Indians was explained by Lewis Cass-Secretary of essay beats War, governor of the Michigan territory, minister to France, presidential candidate: A principle of progressive improvement seems almost inherent in human nature. . .. We are all striving in the career of life to acquire riches of what it mean to be outline honor, or power, or some other object, whose possession is to realize the day dreams of essay potna beats our imaginations; and the aggregate of these efforts constitutes the advance of society. Essay Experience. But there is little of this in the constitution of our savages. Cass-pompous, pretentious, honored (Harvard gave him an honorary doctor of laws degree in essay potna beats 1836, at of passion the height of essay potna beats Indian removal)- claimed to be an expert on the Indians. But he demonstrated again and again, in Richard Drinnon's words ( Violence in the American Experience: Winning the West ), a quite marvelous ignorance of Indian life. As governor of the Michigan Territory, Cass took millions of acres from the mit thesis, Indians by treaty: We must frequently promote their interest against their inclination.
His article in the North American Review in 1830 made the case for Indian Removal. We must not regret, he said, the progress of civilization and improvement, the triumph of industry and art, by beats which these regions have been reclaimed, and over which freedom, religion, and science are extending their sway. He wished that all this could have been done with a smaller sacrifice; that the aboriginal population had accommodated themselves to the inevitable change of their condition. . But such a wish is vain. A barbarous people, depending for subsistence upon the scanty and precarious supplies furnished by the chase, cannot live in contact with a civilized community. Drinnon comments on this (writing in 1969): Here were all the necessary grounds for burning villages and uprooting natives, Cherokee and Seminole, and ged essay later Cheyenne, Philippine, and essay potna beats Vietnamese. If the Indians would only move to new lands across the Mississippi, Cass promised in of passion essays 1825 at a treaty council with Shawnees and potna beats Cherokees, The United States will never ask for your land there. This I promise you in the name of your great father, the President. That country he assigns to his red people, to be held by them and their children's children forever. The editor of the North American Review , for whom Cass wrote this article, told him that his project only defers the fate of the Indians. In half a century their condition beyond the Mississippi will be just what it is now on this side.
Their extinction is inevitable. As Drinnon notes, Cass did not dispute this, yet published his article as it was. Everything in narrative the Indian heritage spoke out against leaving their land. A council of Creeks, offered money for essay, their land, said: We would not receive money for land in which our fathers and friends are buried. An old Choctaw chief said, responding, years before, to President Monroe's talk of removal: I am sorry I cannot comply with the request of my father. . . . Etheses Uwaterloo. We wish to remain here, where we have grown up as the herbs of the woods; and essay potna beats do not wish to be transplanted into another soil. A Seminole chief had said to John Quincy Adams: Here our navel strings were first cut and the blood from them sunk into the earth, and made the country dear to us. Not all the Indians responded to the white officials' common designation of them as children and the President as father. It was reported that when Tecumseh met with William Henry Harrison, Indian fighter and future President, the college experience, interpreter said: Your father requests you to take a chair. Tecumseh replied: My father! The sun is essay potna, my father, and the earth is my mother; I will repose upon narrative writing service, her bosom. As soon as Jackson was elected President, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi began to pass laws to extend the states' rule over the Indians in their territory.
These laws did away with the tribe as a legal unit, outlawed tribal meetings, took away the chiefs' powers, made the Indians subject to militia duty and state taxes, but denied them the right to vote, to bring suits, or to testify in court. Essay. Indian territory was divided up, to be distributed by state lottery. Whites were encouraged to settle on Indian land. However, federal treaties and federal laws gave Congress, not the mit thesis lookup, states, authority over the tribes. The Indian Trade and Intercourse Act, passed by essay potna Congress in 1802, said there could be no land cessions except by treaty with a tribe, and said federal law would operate in college Indian territory.
Jackson ignored this, and supported state action. It was a neat illustration of the uses of the federal system: depending on beats, the situation, blame could be put on the states, or on something even more elusive, the mysterious Law before which all men, sympathetic as they were to the Indian, must bow. As Secretary of War John Eaton explained to the Creeks of Alabama (Alabama itself was an Indian name, meaning Here we may rest): It is not your Great Father who does this; but the laws of the Country, which he and every one of samples his people is bound to regard. The proper tactic had now been found. The Indians would not be forced to potna beats go West. But if they chose to stay they would have to etheses uwaterloo ca display cfm ethesis_id abide by state laws, which destroyed their tribal and personal rights and made them subject to endless harassment and invasion by white settlers coveting their land. If they left, however, the federal government would give them financial support and promise them lands beyond the Mississippi. Jackson's instructions to an army major sent to talk to potna beats the Choctaws and narrative Cherokees put it this way: Say to my reel Choctaw children, and my Chickasaw children to listen-my white children of essay potna beats Mississippi have extended their law over their country. .. . Where they now are, say to them, their father cannot prevent them from being subject to the laws of the state of Mississippi. . .. The general government will be obliged to sustain the narrative, States in the exercise of their right. Say to the chiefs and warriors that I am their friend, that I wish to act as their friend but they must, by removing from the limits of the essay potna beats, States of samples Mississippi and Alabama and by being settled on the lands I offer them, put it in my power to be such-There, beyond the beats, limits of any State, in possession of land of their own, which they shall possess as long as Grass grows or water runs.
I am and will protect them and be their friend and narrative service father. That phrase as long as Grass grows or water runs was to potna beats be recalled with bitterness by college essay experience generations of Indians. (An Indian GI, veteran of Vietnam, testifying publicly in 1970 not only about the potna, horror of the war but about his own maltreatment as an Indian, repeated that phrase and began to weep.) As Jackson took office in 1829, gold was discovered in Cherokee territory in Georgia. Thousands of whites invaded, destroyed Indian property, staked out claims. Jackson ordered federal troops to remove them, but also ordered Indians as well as whites to stop mining. Then he removed the troops, the whites returned, and Jackson said he could not interfere with Georgia's authority.
The white invaders seized land and stock, forced Indians to sign leases, beat up Indians who protested, sold alcohol to weaken resistance, killed frame which Indians needed for food. But to put all the blame on white mobs, Rogin says, would be to ignore the etheses ca display 1136, essential roles played by planter interests and government policy decisions. Food shortages, whiskey, and military attacks began a process of tribal disintegration. Violence by Indians upon other Indians increased. Treaties made under pressure and by deception broke up Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw tribal lands into individual holdings, making each person a prey to contractors, speculators, and essay potna beats politicians. The Chickasaws sold their land individually at good prices and went west without much suffering. The Creeks and Choctaws remained on their individual plots, but great numbers of uwaterloo ca display 1136 them were defrauded by essay beats land companies. Mit Thesis Lookup. According to essay potna one Georgia bank president, a stockholder in a land company, Stealing is the ged essay samples, order of the day. Indians complained to Washington, and essay Lewis Cass replied: Our citizens were disposed to buy and the Indians to sell. . College Experience. .. The subsequent disposition which shall he made of these payments seems to be utterly beyond the reach of the Government.. . . Potna Beats. The improvident habits of the ged essay samples, Indian cannot be controlled by regulations.
If they waste it, as waste it they too often will, it is deeply to be regretted yet still it is only exercising a right conferred upon essay beats, them by ged essay samples the treaty. The Creeks, defrauded of their land, short of money and food, refused to go West. Starving Creeks began raiding white farms, while Georgia militia and settlers attacked Indian settlements. Thus began the Second Creek War. One Alabama newspaper sympathetic to the Indians wrote: The war with the Creeks is all humbug. It is a base and diabolical scheme, devised by interested men, to keep an ignorant race of people from maintaining their just rights, and to deprive them of the small remaining pittance placed under their control. A Creek man more than a hundred years old, named Speckled Snake, reacted to Andrew Jackson's policy of essay removal: Brothers! I have listened to many talks from our great white father. It Mean An American Outline. When he first came over the wide waters, he was but a little man . very little. His legs were cramped by essay potna beats sitting long in his big boat, and he begged for a little land to light his fire on. . College. But when the potna, white man had warmed himself before the Indians' fire and filled himself with their hominy, he became very large.
With a step he bestrode the mountains, and crimes his feet covered the beats, plains and the valleys. His hand grasped the eastern and college essay the western sea, and his head rested on the moon. Then he became our Great Father. He loved his red children, and he said, Get a little further, lest I tread on thee. Brothers!
I have listened to a great many talks from our great father. But they always began and ended in potna beats this-Get a little further; you are too near me. Dale Van Every, in etheses 1136 his book The Disinherited , sums up what removal meant to potna beats the Indian: In the long record of man's inhumanity exile has wrung moans of anguish from many different peoples. Upon no people could it ever have fallen with a more shattering impact than upon the eastern Indians. The Indian was peculiarly susceptible to every sensory attribute of every natural feature of his surroundings. He lived in the open.
He knew every marsh, glade, hill top, rock, spring, creek, as only the hunter can know them. He had never fully grasped the principle establishing private ownership of land as any more rational than private ownership of what does to be air but he loved the land with a deeper emotion than could any proprietor. He felt himself as much a part of it as the rocks and trees, the animals and beats birds. Essay Experience. His homeland was holy ground, sanctified for him as the resting place of the bones of his ancestors and the natural shrine of his religion. He conceived its waterfalls and ridges, its clouds and beats mists, its glens and meadows, to be inhabited by the myriad of spirits with whom he held daily communion. It was from this rain-washed land of uwaterloo cfm ethesis_id forests, streams and lakes, to which he was held by essay potna beats the traditions of his forebears and his own spiritual aspirations, that he was to be driven to the arid, treeless plains of the far west, a desolate region then universally known as the Great American Desert. According to Van Every, just before Jackson became President, in the 1820s, after the tumult of the War of what does it mean an american essay 1812 and the Creek War, the southern Indians and the whites had settled down, often very close to one another, and were living in peace in a natural environment which seemed to have enough for all of them. They began to see common problems.
Friendships developed. White men were allowed to visit the Indian communities and Indians often were guests in white homes. Frontier figures like Davy Crockett and Sam Houston came out of this setting, and both-unlike Jackson-became lifelong friends of the Indian. The forces that led to removal did not come, Van Every insists, from the poor white frontiersmen who were neighbors of the Indians. They came from industrialization and commerce, the growth of populations, of railroads and essay cities, the rise in value of land, and the greed of businessmen. Party managers and land speculators manipulated the growing excitement. . . Does It Mean An American Essay. . Press and essay potna beats pulpit whipped up the frenzy. Out of that frenzy the Indians were to end up dead or exiled, the land speculators richer, the politicians more powerful. As for the poor white frontiersman, he played the part of a pawn, pushed into the first violent encounters, but soon dispensable. There had been three voluntary Cherokee migrations westward, into the beautiful wooded country of Arkansas, but there the Indians found themselves almost immediately surrounded and penetrated by white settlers, hunters, trappers.
These West Cherokees now had to essay experience move farther west, this time to arid land, land too barren for white settlers. The federal government, signing a treaty with them in 1828, announced the new territory as a permanent home . which shall under the most solemn guarantee of the United States and remain theirs forever.. . . It was still another lie, and the plight of the western Cherokees became known to essay potna beats the three-fourths of the Cherokees who were still in the East, being pressured by the white man to move on. With 17,000 Cherokees surrounded by 900,000 whites in Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee, the Cherokees decided that survival required adaptation to the white man's world. They became farmers, blacksmiths, carpenters, masons, owners of property. A census of 1826 showed 22,000 cattle, 7,600 horses, 46,000 swine, 726 looms, 2,488 spinning wheels, 172 wagons, 2,943 plows, 10 saw mills, 31 grist mills, 62 blacksmith shops, 8 cotton machines, 18 schools. The Cherokees' language-heavily poetic, metaphorical, beautifully expressive, supplemented by dance, drama, and ritual-had always been a language of voice and gesture. Now their chief, Sequoyah, invented a written language, which thousands learned. The Cherokees' newly established Legislative Council voted money for a printing press, which on February 21, 1828, began publishing a newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix , printed in both English and Seqnoyah's Cherokee.
Before this, the Cherokees had, like Indian tribes in general, done without formal government. As Van Every puts it: The foundation principle of ca display cfm ethesis_id Indian government had always been the rejection of government. The freedom of the individual was regarded by practically all Indians north of Mexico as a canon infinitely more precious than the individual's duty to his community or nation. This anarchistic attitude ruled all behavior, beginning with the smallest social unit, the family.
The Indian parent was constitutionally reluctant to discipline his children.' Their every exhibition of self-will was accepted as a favorable indication of the development of maturing character.. . There was an occasional assembling of a council, with a very loose and changing membership, whose decisions were not enforced except by potna beats the influence of public opinion. A Moravian minister who lived among them described Indian society: Thus has been maintained for college essay experience, ages, without convulsions and without civil discords, this traditional government, of which the world, perhaps, does not offer another example; a government in beats which there are no positive laws, but only long established habits and college experience customs, no code of jurisprudence, but the experience of former times, no magistrates, but advisers, to whom the people nevertheless, pay a willing and implicit obedience, in which age confers rank, wisdom gives power, and moral goodness secures title to universal respect. Now, surrounded by white society, all this began to change. The Cherokees even started to emulate the slave society around them: they owned more than a thousand slaves. Essay Beats. They were beginning; to resemble that civilization the white men spoke about, making what Van Every calls a stupendous effort to win the good will of Americans.
They even welcomed missionaries and Christianity. None of this made them more desirable than the land they lived on. Jackson's 1829 message to Congress made his position clear: I informed the of passion essays, Indians inhabiting parts of Georgia and essay beats Alabama that their attempt to establish an independent government would not be countenanced by the Executive of the United States, and advised them to college experience emigrate beyond the Mississippi or submit to the laws of those States. Congress moved quickly to pass a removal bill. There were defenders of the Indians. Perhaps the potna, most eloquent was Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen of New Jersey, who told the Senate, debating removal: We have crowded the writing, tribes upon a few miserable acres on our southern frontier; it is all that is left to them of their once boundless forest; and still, like the potna beats, horse-leech, our insatiated cupidity cries, give! give! . Lookup. Sir . Do the obligations of justice change with the color of the skin?
The North was in general against the removal bill. The South was for it. Essay. It passed the House 102 to 97. It passed the Senate narrowly. It did not mention force, but provided for helping the Indians to move. What it implied was that if they did not, they were without protection, without funds, and at the mercy of the mit thesis lookup, states. Now the pressures began on the tribes, one by one.
The Choctaws did not want to leave, but fifty of their delegates were offered secret bribes of essay potna beats money and land, and the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was signed: Choctaw land east of the Mississippi was ceded to the United States in return for financial help in leaving, compensation for property left behind, food for the first year in their new homes, and a guarantee they would never again be required to college move. For twenty thousand Choctaws in Mississippi, though most of them hated the treaty, the pressure now became irresistible. Whites, including liquor dealers and swindlers, came swarming onto their lands. The state passed a law making it a crime for Choctaws to try to persuade one another on the matter of removal. In late 1831, thirteen thousand Choctaws began the long journey west to a land and climate totally different from what they knew.
Marshaled by guards, hustled by agents, harried by contractors, they were being herded on the way to essay potna beats an unknown and unwelcome destination like a flock of ged essay samples sick sheep. They went on ox wagons, on horses, on foot, then to be ferried across the Mississippi River. The army was supposed to essay organize their trek, but it turned over its job to private contractors who charged the 1136, government as much as possible, gave the Indians as little as possible. Everything was disorganized. Food disappeared. Hunger came. Van Every again: The long somber columns of groaning ox wagons, driven herds and straggling crowds on foot inched on westward through swamps and potna forests, across rivers and over hills, in their crawling struggle from the ged essay samples, lush lowlands of the Gulf to the arid plains of the west. In a kind of death spasm one of the last vestiges of the original Indian world was being dismembered and its collapsing remnants jammed bodily into an alien new world. The first winter migration was one of the coldest on record, and people began to die of pneumonia.
In the summer, a major cholera epidemic hit Mississippi, and Choctaws died by the hundreds. The seven thousand Choctaws left behind now refused to go, choosing subjugation over essay beats death. Many of their descendants still live in samples Mississippi. As for potna beats, the Cherokees, they faced a set of laws passed by Georgia: their lands were taken, their government abolished, all meetings prohibited. Cherokees advising others not to migrate were to lookup be imprisoned. Cherokees could not testify in essay potna beats court against any white. Cherokees could not dig for the gold recently discovered on their land. A delegation of them, protesting to the federal government, received this reply from Jackson's new Secretary of War, Eaton: If you will go to the setting sun there you will be happy; there you can remain in ged essay samples peace and quietness; so long as the waters run and the oaks grow that country shall be guaranteed to you and essay potna no white man shall be permitted to settle near you. The Cherokee nation addressed a memorial to the nation, a public plea for justice. They reviewed their history:
After the peace of 1783, the Cherokees were an independent people, absolutely so, as much as any people on earth. They had been allies to Great Britain. . . . The United States never subjugated the Cherokees; on the contrary, our fathers remained in possession of their country and with arms in their hands. . In 1791, the treaty of college experience Holston was made. The Cherokees acknowledged themselves to be under the protection of the United States, and of no other sovereign. Essay Beats. A cession of land was also made to the United States. On the other hand, the United States . stipulated that white men should not hunt on these lands, not even enter the country, without, a passport; and gave a solemn guarantee of mit thesis lookup all Cherokee lands not ceded. . ..
They discussed removal: We are aware that some persons suppose it will be for essay beats, our advantage to remove beyond the Mississippi. We think otherwise. Our people universally think otherwise. . Crimes Of Passion. .. We wish to remain on the land of our fathers. We have a perfect and original right to potna remain without interruption or molestation. The treaties with us, and narrative service laws of the United States made in pursuance of treaties, guarantee our residence and potna beats our privileges, and secure us against intruders- Our only request is, that these treaties may be fulfilled, and 1136 these laws executed.. . . Now they went beyond history, beyond law: We entreat those to whom the foregoing paragraphs are addressed, to remember the beats, great law of ca display cfm ethesis_id love. Do to others as ye would that others should do to you. Essay Potna. .. . We pray them to remember that, for the sake of narrative writing principle, their forefathers were compelled to leave, therefore driven from the old world, and that the winds of essay persecution wafted them over what does it mean an american essay the great waters and landed them on the shores of the new world, when the Indian was the sole lord and proprietor of these extensive domains-Let them remember in what way they were received by the savage of America, when power was in his hand, and his ferocity could not be restrained by any human arm. We urge them to bear in mind, that those who would not ask of them a cup of cold water, and potna a spot of earth . are the descendants of these, whose origin, as inhabitants of does it mean North America, history and tradition are alike insufficient to reveal. Beats. Let them bring to remembrance all these facts, and they cannot, and we are sure, they will not fail to remember, and sympathize with us in narrative service these our trials and sufferings. Jackson's response to this, in his second Annual Message to Congress 111 December 1830, was to point to the fact that the Choctaws and Chickasaws had already agreed to removal, and that a speedy removal of the beats, rest would offer many advantages to everyone.
For whites it will place a dense and what does it mean an american civilized population in large tracts of country now occupied by potna beats a few savage hunters. For Indians, it will perhaps cause them, gradually, under the protection of the what to be outline, Government and through the influence of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and Christian community. He reiterated a familiar theme. Toward the essay, aborigines of the country no one can indulge a more friendly feeling than myself. Etheses Cfm Ethesis_id. . . . Potna Beats. However: The waves of population and civilization are rolling to the westward, and we now propose to acquire the countries occupied by the red men of the South and West by a fair exchange. . .. Georgia passed a law making it a crime for a white person to stay in Indian territory without taking an oath to the state of Georgia. When the white missionaries in the Cherokee territory declared their sympathies openly for the Cherokees to stay, Georgia militia entered the territory in it mean an american the spring of 1831 and arrested three of the beats, missionaries, including Samuel Worcester. They were released when they claimed protection as federal employees (Worcester was a federal postmaster).
Immediately the Jackson administration took away Worcester's job, and the militia moved in again that summer, arresting ten missionaries as well as the white printer of the Cherokee Phoenix . They were beaten, chained, and forced to march 35 miles a day to the county jail. A jury tried them, found them guilty. Narrative Writing. Nine were released when they agreed to swear allegiance to Georgia's laws, but Samuel Worcester and Elizur Butler, who refused to grant legitimacy to the laws repressing the Cherokees, were sentenced to four years at hard labor. This was appealed to the Supreme Court, and in Worcester v. Georgia , John Marshall, for the majority, declared that the Georgia law on which Worcester was jailed violated the essay potna beats, treaty with the Cherokees, which by the Constitution was binding on the states. He ordered Worcester freed. Georgia ignored him, and President Jackson refused to enforce the court order. Georgia now put Cherokee land on sale and moved militia in to crush any sign of Cherokee resistance. The Cherokees followed a policy of nonviolence, though their property was being taken, their homes were being burned, their schools were closed, their women mistreated, and liquor was being sold in their churches to lookup render them even more helpless. The same year Jackson was declaring states' rights for essay, Georgia on the Cherokee question in 1832, he was attacking South Carolina's right to nullify a federal tariff. His easy reelection in 1832 (687,000 to 530,000 for his opponent Henry Clay) suggested that his anti-Indian policies were in keeping with popular sentiment, at least among those white males who could vote (perhaps 2 million of the total population of 13 million). Jackson now moved to speed up Indian removal.
Most of the college essay experience, Choctaws and some of the Cherokees were gone, but there were still 22,000 Creeks in Alabama, 18,000 Cherokees in Georgia, and 5,000 Seminoles in Florida. The Creeks had been fighting for their land ever since the years of Columbus, against Spaniards, English, French, and Americans. But by 1832 they had been reduced to a small area in Alabama, while the population of Alabama, growing fast, was now over 300,000. Essay. On the basis of extravagant promises from the federal government, Creek delegates in Washington signed the Treaty of Washington, agreeing to removal beyond the Mississippi. They gave up 5 million acres, with the provision that 2 million of these would go to individual Creeks, who could either sell or remain in Alabama with federal protection. Van Every writes of this treaty:
The interminable history of diplomatic relations between Indians and white men had before 1832 recorded no single instance of a treaty which had not been presently broken by the white parties to it . College Essay Experience. however solemnly embellished with such terms as permanent, forever, for all time, so long as the sun shall rise. . .. But no agreement between white men and Indians had ever been so soon abrogated as the 1832 Treaty of Washington. Within days the beats, promises made in samples it on behalf of the United States had been broken. A white invasion of Creek lands began-looters, land seekers, defrauders, whiskey sellers, thugs- driving thousands of Creeks from their homes into the swamps and forests. The federal government did nothing. Instead it negotiated a new treaty providing for prompt emigration west, managed by the Creeks themselves, financed by the national government. An army colonel, dubious that this would work, wrote: They fear starvation on the route; and can it be otherwise, when many of them are nearly starving now, without the embarrassment of a long journey on their hands. You cannot have an idea of the deterioration which these Indians have undergone during the last two or three years, from essay potna beats a general state of comparative plenty to that of unqualified wretchedness and want. Crimes Of Passion. The free egress into the nation by potna the whites; encroachments upon their lands, even upon their cultivated fields; abuses of their person; hosts of traders, who, like locusts, have devoured their substance and inundated their homes with whiskey, have destroyed what little disposition to cultivation the Indians may once have had.. Crimes Essays. .. They are brow beat, and cowed, and imposed upon, and depressed with the feeling that they have no adequate protection in the United States, and no capacity of self-protection in themselves. Northern political sympathizers with the essay beats, Indian seemed to be fading away, preoccupied with other issues.
Daniel Webster was making a rousing speech in the Senate for the authority of law . the power of the what does to be essay, general government, but he was not referring to Alabama, Georgia, and the Indians- he was talking about South Carolina's nullification of the tariff. Despite the hardships, the Creeks refused to budge, but by 1836, both state and federal officials decided they must go. Using as a pretext some attacks by desperate Creeks on white settlers, it was declared that the Creek nation, by making war, had forfeited its treaty rights. The army would now force it to migrate west. Fewer than a hundred Creeks had been involved in the war, but a thousand had fled into the woods, afraid of essay beats white reprisals. An army of eleven thousand was sent after them.
The Creeks did not resist, no shots were fired, they surrendered. Those Creeks presumed by the army to be rebels or sympathizers were assembled, the men manacled and essay chained together to march westward under military guard, their women and children trailing after them. Creek communities were invaded by military detachments, the inhabitants driven to essay beats assembly points and marched westward in batches of two or three thousand. No talk of compensating them for land or property left behind. Private contracts were made for the march, the same kind that had failed for the Choctaws. It Mean An American Essay. Again, delays and lack of food, shelter, clothing, blankets, medical attention. Again, old, rotting steamboats and ferries, crowded beyond capacity, taking them across the Mississippi. Potna. By midwinter the interminable, stumbling procession of more than 15,000 Creeks stretched from border to uwaterloo cfm ethesis_id 1136 border across Arkansas.
Starvation and sickness began to cause large numbers of deaths. The passage of the exiles could be distinguished from afar by the howling of trailing wolf packs and the circling flocks of buzzards, Van Every writes. Eight hundred Creek men had volunteered to help the United States army fight the Seminoles in Florida in return for potna, a promise that their families could remain in Alabama, protected by the federal government until the men returned. The promise was not kept. The Creek families were attacked by land-hungry white marauders-robbed, driven from their homes, women raped. Writing Service. Then the army, claiming it was for their safety, removed them from essay potna Creek country to a concentration camp on Mobile Bay. Hundreds died there from lack of food and from sickness. When the warriors returned from the Seminole War, they and their families were hustled west. Moving through New Orleans, they encountered a yellow fever plague. They crossed the Mississippi-611 Indians crowded onto college essay the aged steamer Monmouth . It went down in the Mississippi River and potna beats 311 people died, four of them the children of the Indian commander of the Creek volunteers in Florida.
A New Orleans newspaper wrote: The fearful responsibility for ged essay, this vast sacrifice of human life rests on the contractors .. . The avaricious disposition to increase the profits on the speculation first induced the chartering of rotten, old, and unseaworthy boats, because they were of a class to be procured cheaply; and then to make those increased profits still larger, the Indians were packed upon those crazy vessels in such crowds that not the slightest regard seems to have been paid to essay beats their safety, comfort, or even decency. The Choctaws and Chickasaws had quickly agreed to migrate. The Creeks were stubborn and had to be forced. Samples. The Cherokees were practicing a nonviolent resistance.
One tribe-the Seminoles- decided to fight. With Florida now belonging to the United States, Seminole territory was open to American land- grabbers. Essay Beats. They moved down into north Florida from ca display St. Augustine to Pensacola, and beats down the fertile coastal strip. In 1823, the Treaty of Camp Moultrie was signed by a few Seminoles who got large personal landholdings in ged essay north Florida and agreed that all the Seminoles would leave northern Florida and every coastal area and move into the interior. This meant withdrawing into the swamps of central Florida, where they could not grow food, where even wild game could not survive. The pressure to move west, out of beats Florida, mounted, and in 1834 Seminole leaders were assembled and the U.S. Etheses Ca Display. Indian agent told them they must move west. Here were some of the replies of the Seminoles at essay that meeting:
We were all made by the same Great Father, and are all alike His Children. We all came from the same Mother, and were suckled at the same breast. Therefore, we are brothers, and as brothers, should treat together in an amicable way. The Indian agent managed to get fifteen chiefs and etheses uwaterloo ca display subchiefs to sign a removal treaty, the U.S. Potna Beats. Senate promptly ratified it, and the War Department began making preparations for the migration. Violence between whites and Seminoles now erupted. A young Seminole chief, Osceola, who had been imprisoned and chained by the Indian agent Thompson, and whose wife had been delivered into slavery, became a leader of the growing resistance. When Thompson ordered the crimes, Seminoles, in December 1835, to assemble for the journey, no one came. Instead, the Seminoles began a series of potna guerrilla attacks on white coastal settlements, all along the Florida perimeter, striking in surprise and in writing service succession from the interior. They murdered white families, captured slaves, destroyed property.
Osceola himself, in a lightning stroke, shot down Thompson and an army lieutenant. That same day, December 28, 1835, a column of 110 soldiers was attacked by Seminoles, and all but three soldiers were killed. One of the survivors later told the story: It was 8 o'clock. Suddenly I heard a rifle shot .. . Beats. followed by college essay experience a musket shot. I had not time to think of the meaning of essay potna these shots, before a volley, as if from a thousand rifles, was poured in upon us from the front, and all along our left flank. I could only see their heads and arms, peering out from the long grass, far and near, and from behind the pine trees.. . . It was the classic Indian tactic against a foe with superior firearms. General George Washington had once given parting advice to one of his officers: General St.
Clair, in three words, beware of surprise. . again and again, General, beware of surprise. Congress now appropriated money for a war against the Seminoles. In the Senate, Henry Clay of Kentucky opposed the war; he was an enemy of Jackson, a critic of Indian removal. But his Whig colleague Daniel Webster displayed that unity across party lines which became standard in American wars: The view taken by the gentleman from Kentucky was undoubtedly the true one. But the war rages, the college, enemy is in force, and the accounts of their ravages are disastrous. The executive government has asked for the means of suppressing these hostilities, and it was entirely proper that the bill should pass.
General Winfield Scott took charge, but his columns of troops, marching impressively into Seminole territory, found no one. They became tired of the mud, the swamps, the heat, the essay beats, sickness, the hunger-the classic fatigue of a civilized army fighting people on their own land. No one wanted to face Seminoles in the Florida swamps. In 1836, 103 commissioned officers resigned from the regular army, leaving only forty-six. In the spring of 1837, Major General Jesup moved into the war with an army of ten thousand, but the Seminoles just faded into the swamps, coming out from time to time to strike at isolated forces. The war went on for years. The army enlisted other Indians to fight the Seminoles.
But that didn't work either. Van Every says: The adaptation of the Seminole to of passion his environment was to essay potna beats be matched only by narrative writing service the crane or the potna, alligator. Lookup. It was an eight-year war. It cost $20 million and 1,500 American lives. Finally, in the 1840s, the beats, Seminoles began to get tired. Lookup. They were a tiny group against a huge nation with great resources. They asked for truces. But when they went forward under truce flags, they were arrested, again and again. Potna. In 1837, Osceola, under a flag of truce, had been seized and put in irons, then died of experience illness in prison. The war petered out. Meanwhile the Cherokees had not fought back with arms, but had resisted in their own way.
And so the government began to play Cherokee against beats Cherokee, the old game. The pressures built up on service, the Cherokee community-their newspaper suppressed, their government dissolved, the missionaries in jail, their land parceled among whites by the land lottery. Potna. In 1834, seven hundred Cherokees, weary of the what to be an american, struggle, agreed to go west; eighty-one died en route, including forty-five children-mostly from measles and cholera. Those who lived arrived at their destination across the Mississippi in the midst of a cholera epidemic and essay potna half of them died within a year. The Cherokees were summoned to sign the narrative service, removal treaty in New Echota, Georgia, in essay potna beats 1836, but fewer than five hundred of the seventeen thousand Cherokees appeared. The treaty was signed anyway. The Senate, including northerners who had once spoken for the Indian, ratified it, yielding, as Senator Edward Everett of Massachusetts said, to of passion essays the force of circumstances . . . the essay potna, hard necessity. Now the Georgia whites stepped up their attacks to speed the removal. The government did not move immediately against the Cherokees.
In April 1838, Ralph Waldo Emerson addressed an open letter to President Van Buren, referring with indignation to the removal treaty with the Cherokees (signed behind the backs of an overwhelming-majority of them) and asked what had happened to the sense of justice in America: The soul of man, the lookup, justice, the mercy that is the heart's heart in potna beats all men, from Maine to does an american essay Georgia, does abhor this business . a crime is projected that confounds our understandings by its magnitude, a crime that really deprives us as well as the Cherokees of a country for how could we call the conspiracy that should crush these poor Indians our government, or the land that was cursed by their parting and dying imprecations our country any more? You, sir, will bring down that renowned chair in which you sit into infamy if your seal is set to this instrument of perfidy; and the name of this nation, hitherto the sweet omen of religion and liberty, will stink to beats the world. Thirteen days before Emerson sent this letter, Martin Van Buren had ordered Major General Winfield Scott into Cherokee territory to mit thesis lookup use whatever military force was required to move the essay, Cherokees west. Five regiments of regulars and mit thesis lookup four thousand militia and volunteers began pouring into Cherokee country. General Scott addressed the Indians:
Cherokees-the President of the United States has sent me with a powerful army, to cause you, in beats obedience to the treaty of 1834, to writing service join mat part of your people who are already established in prosperity on the other side of the Mississippi.. . . The full moon of essay beats May is already on the wane, and before another shall have passed every Cherokee man, woman, and etheses uwaterloo ca display child . .. must be in motion to join their brethren in the far West.. Essay Beats. . . Uwaterloo Cfm Ethesis_id 1136. My troops already occupy many positions in the country that you are about to essay beats abandon, and thousands and thousands are approaching from every quarter, to tender resistance and escape alike hopeless.. .. Chiefs, head men, and ged essay samples warriors-Will you then, by resistance, compel us to resort to arms? God forbid. Essay Potna. Or will you, by flight, seek to hide yourselves in mountains and forests, and thus oblige us to hunt you down? Some Cherokees had apparently given up on nonviolence: three chiefs who signed the Removal Treaty were found dead. But the seventeen thousand Cherokees were soon rounded up and crowded into stockades.
On October 1, 1838, the first detachment set out in what was to be known as the Trail of narrative service Tears. As they moved westward, they began to beats die-of sickness, of drought, of the heat, of exposure. There were 645 wagons, and people marching alongside. Survivors, years later, told of halting at the edge of the writing service, Mississippi in the middle of winter, the river running full of ice, hundreds of sick and dying penned up in wagons or stretched upon the ground. Grant Foreman, the leading authority on Indian removal, estimates that during confinement in the stockade or on the march westward four thousand Cherokees died. In December 1838, President Van Buren spoke to Congress:
It affords sincere pleasure to apprise the Congress of the entire removal of the beats, Cherokee Nation of narrative writing Indians to their new homes west of the Mississippi. The measures authorized by Congress at its last session have had the essay potna, happiest effects.
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copy of good resume This page explains how to write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and beats, covering letter, used when applying for jobs in of passion essays the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd.
Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for a CV. A covering letter is a letter sent with your CV which explains details about your application to a particular company. A reference is essay potna beats, a formal letter to an employer, from somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the does it mean essay, layout of my CV? There are many ways to design a CV. Essay Beats! This section gives an samples example. Print your CV on good quality white paper.
The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to use is essay potna beats, 12 (or 10 if you want to narrative writing service put more information on your CV). The document should use only one font style, for example Times New Roman. Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words.
Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of essay potna your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the CV on one side of mit thesis lookup paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple. A typical section order is: There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in your own country). Include the essay potna, full postcode in your address. Make sure that you will be able to ged essay collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on essay potna beats your CV, so that you can be contacted easily.
If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to leave a message for mit thesis you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the essay potna beats, number of the telephone at your accommodation. The telephone number should start with the ged essay samples, area code, written in essay beats brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day. Uwaterloo Ca Display Cfm Ethesis_id 1136! If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on essay beats your CV. Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the ca display cfm ethesis_id, left-hand column for essay beats dates.
For start and mit thesis, end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the essay beats, right-hand column, provide information about each of writing your job roles. Start by writing the name of the company (in bold) and its location. On the next line you might give a brief description of what the potna beats, company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on ged essay another line (highlighting this in bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points)
Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood. Essay Potna Beats! For example, you might write Increased sales at crimes of passion, the shop, but not I increased sales at potna beats, the shop. Remember that the ca display cfm ethesis_id, person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country. Create two columns.
Use the left-hand column for essay the dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the ged essay samples, first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the essay potna beats, right-hand column, list the name of the school or university on samples one line, followed by further details (the course name or the number of exam subjects passed) on the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in this table (eg university and potna beats, secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the name of this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in essays the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is beats, clear.
If the writing, university is one of the potna beats, top universities in your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the cfm ethesis_id, name of the town and country after the university's name. In the description, put the name of the beats, main subject studied (try to avoid using the words major or minor, which are used in American English). If you studied English, the subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g.
80%, or top grade) - the service, British university grade system is probably different from that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of potna about 15 and mit thesis lookup, 18, but not before this age. You should add the label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the words High School in the name. Essay Beats! If you took exams in a wide range of subjects, you may prefer to list only the number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to what does to be outline list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in beats the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in writing a line under the main table. Essay Potna Beats! For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these.
English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for etheses uwaterloo 1136 the job) Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for information. The exact list of personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of beats birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the date should be written in mit thesis British date order (day, month, year), not in essay potna American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by does to be an american essay outline your nationality eg Japanese.
You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is beats, not obvious to crimes of passion a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by potna beats a description of the service, status implied by the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by essay a short list of narrative writing perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to the UK to essay study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at an interview.
Include interests which may show the it mean essay, interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by essay potna beats Available on request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for ged essay samples them. If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to potna beats do this, make sure that the person will be able to provide comments in essay English, and give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: [email protected]
· Advised the main shop's customers about organic and health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of beats supplements and samples, organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the main and the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to potna expand the business by establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and redirected this to the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures.
Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and what does it mean an american, the internet. Fluent in potna beats Japanese; practical knowledge of English and samples, Korean. If you are sending an application directly to essay a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by experience hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of your English ability.
Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. Essay Beats! If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail. If you give the telephone number of your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and you should check if they have an answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014)
I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in narrative the food section of Fortnum Mason's in essay potna Piccadilly, as advertised in college Loot Recruit on 2 August. Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in essay beats an organic food shop in Japan. This has given me experience of essay experience dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of food retailing. Essay Potna! I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam). My fluency in Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in a team. My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and experience, I could start work immediately.
I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on the telephone or at essay beats, an interview. I can be contacted most easily on samples my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on the computer (set the essay beats, language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ca display, ask this person for essay potna any comments they may have.
If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an narrative writing service application in the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to essay beats hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the company and ask when you can expect to hear from does it mean to be an american essay outline, them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the company to essay beats check that your job application has been received and lookup, that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is often the potna beats, case that people are invited for an interview for only a small number of the ged essay samples, jobs to which they apply.
Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.