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General Catalog 2017-18 (Catalog of Record) 340B Structural and Materials Engineering Building. All courses, faculty listings, and curricular and writing degree requirements described herein are subject to change or deletion without notice. Samuel Thesis. Updates may be found on the Academic Senate website: http://senate.ucsd.edu/catalog-copy/approved-updates/. The Department of Structural Engineering offers programs leading to the degrees of master of science (MS) and doctor of philosophy (PhD) in structural engineering (SE). In addition, an MS in av resume writing, structural engineering with specialization in structural health monitoring and non-destructive evaluation (MS SHMNDE) is offered. The graduate program is aimed at good chinese training a select number of av resume, highly skilled professionals in structural engineering with the academic and engineering credentials to and communism assume leadership roles in industry and academia.
The MS program is intended to provide students with additional fundamental knowledge as well as specialized advanced knowledge in selected structural engineering aspects over av resume writing and above the undergraduate degree course work. The doctor of philosophy (PhD) degree program is intended to prepare students for careers in teaching, research, or practice in their chosen professional specialties. The PhD program requires a departmental comprehensive examination, a PhD candidacy examination, a PhD dissertation based on step, new and unique research, and writing a dissertation defense. Both degrees offer opportunities for training in one or more of the six primary research focus areas within the SE department: (1) Civil Structures, (2) Advanced Composites and Aerospace Structural Systems, (3) Geotechnical Engineering, (4) Structural Health Monitoring, Prognosis, and on homelessness Validated Simulations, (5) Mechanics and Materials, and (6) Computational Mechanics. Admission to the UC San Diego graduate program in structural engineering requires at least a BS in av resume, engineering, physical sciences, or mathematics with an overall upper-division GPA of 3.0.
Applicants must provide three letters of recommendation and recent GRE general test scores. International applicants whose native language is not English are required to demonstrate proficiency in English by taking the TOEFL test. The minimum TOEFL score required is 550 (paper-based) and 80 (Internet-based text [iBt]). Based on the candidateís choice, qualifications, and dambreville thesis career objectives, admission to the program is in one of writing, two categories: MS or PhD. Applicants seeking enrollment in SE courses via UC Extensionís concurrent registration program are advised to refer to the ď Graduate Studies Transferring Credit Ē section of the UC San Diego General Catalog for clarification.
The department offers a bachelorís/masterís program to thesis enable students to complete both the BS and MS in an accelerated timeframe. Undergraduate students in the Department of writing, Structural Engineering who have at least 148 quarter units with a cumulative GPA of 3.5 or higher are eligible to apply. Admission to the bachelorís/masterís degree program is not automatic. Student applications are reviewed and the final decision is good essay made by the Department of Structural Engineering. Acceptance into this program is an honor that carries with it practical benefitsóthe graduate application process is av resume simplified (no GREs required) and advanced students are given access to graduate level courses. Upon acceptance as an up to 3 paragraph essay undergraduate into the program, a faculty member will be assigned who will serve as the studentís adviser. Av Resume. Interested students should contact the Structural Engineering Student Affairs Office. Students must fulfill all requirements for the BS prior to being formally admitted to graduate status. The MS program is on homelessness intended to provide the av resume student with additional fundamental knowledge as well as specialized advanced knowledge in selected structural engineering aspects over and above the undergraduate degree course work. Chinese Essay. Two plans, the MS Thesis Plan and av resume the MS Comprehensive Examination Plan, are offered.
The MS Thesis Plan is essay on nature designed for av resume, those students with an interest in dissertation, research prior to entering the structural engineering profession or prior to entering a doctoral degree program. The MS Thesis Plan involves course work leading to the completion and defense of a masterís thesis. The MS Comprehensive Examination Plan involves course work and writing requires the completion of dambreville, a written comprehensive examination covering multiple courses that the student has taken. The MS Comprehensive examination will be comprehensive and cover two focus sequences and at least one additional technical elective that the student has taken. The examination must be completed no later than the end of the writing eighth week of the quarter the student intends to graduate. MS students will be required to complete two out of dambreville, seven core course electives. The courses are SE 200, SE 201A, SE 202, SE 203, SE 241, SE 271, SE 233, or SE 276A. They can be counted towards a focus sequence or a technical elective. MS students must complete forty-eight units of writing, credit for dissertation proposal, graduation.
For the av resume MS Comprehensive Examination Plan all forty-eight units of credit must consist of regular courses (twelve courses). For the MS Thesis Plan, thirty-six units (nine courses) from regular courses are required, in addition to twelve units of graduate research for the masterís thesis. Dambreville Thesis. For both MS plans, students are required to av resume complete a minimum of two sequences from the following focus areas: Structural Analysis Structural Design Computational Mechanics Earthquake Engineering Geotechnical Engineering Advanced Composites Solid Mechanics Advanced Structural Behavior. A sequence is composed of three regular courses from the same focus area. The courses comprising the focus sequences are listed in the table in social sciences dissertation, this section. To meet the specific needs of some students, other focus areas may be developed by a student in consultation with his or her adviser, but these must be pre-approved by the SE Graduate Affairs Committee. Writing. To allow for greater flexibility in the program, the remaining credits required from courses may be earned by completing additional focus sequences, parts of focus sequences, or other appropriate courses. Students may elect to essay on nature take other appropriate technical electives (with the approval of their adviser and the SE Graduate Affairs Committee). In special cases where an av resume writing undergraduate course may be used, the arrangement must be preapproved by both the academic adviser and essay the Graduate Affairs Committee.
Units obtained in SE 290 and 298 may not be applied towards course work requirements. No more than four units of SE 296 may be applied toward course work requirements and only with prior approval of the SE Graduate Affairs Committee. The department also offers a seminar course each quarter dealing with current research topics in structural engineering (SE 290). Students must take SE 290 every quarter in the first year, and are strongly recommended to take it for at writing least one quarter in every subsequent year. SE 201A. Advanced Structural Analysis.
SE 201B. Sciences. Nonlinear Structural Analysis. SE 202. Writing. Structural Stability. SE 203. Informative On Homelessness. Structural Dynamics. SE 204. Advanced Structural Dynamics. SE 205. Nonlinear Mechanical Vibrations. SE 206.
Random Vibrations. SE 215. Cable Structures. SE 224. Structural Reliability and Risk Analysis. SE 233. Computational Techniques in Finite Elements. SE 151B. Design of Prestressed Concrete. SE 211.
Advanced RC/PC Design. SE 212. Av Resume Writing. Advanced Structural Steel Design. SE 213. Bridge Design. SE 214. Masonry Structures. SE 220. Seismic Isolation and Energy Dissipation. SE 223.
Advanced Seismic Design of Structures. SE 254. FRP Rehabilitation of Civil Structures. SE 233. Computational Techniques in essay, Finite Elements. SE 276A. Av Resume. Finite Element Methods in Solid Mechanics I. SE 276B. Finite Element Methods in Solid Mechanics II. SE 276C.
Finite Element Methods in social sciences proposal, Solid Mechanics III. SE 277. Error Control in Finite Element Analysis. SE 278A. Finite Element Methods for Computational Fluid Dynamics. SE 278B. Computational Fluid-Structure Interaction. SE 279. Meshfree Methods for Linear and Nonlinear Mechanics. SE 280. Finite Element Computations in av resume writing, Solid Mechanics.
SE 203. Structural Dynamics. SE 206. Random Vibrations. SE 220. Seismic Isolation and Energy Dissipation. SE 221. Earthquake Engineering. SE 222. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering. SE 223.
Advanced Seismic Design of Structures. SE 243. Informative Essay. Soil Structure Interaction. SE 222. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering. SE 241. Advanced Soil Mechanics. SE 242. Advanced Foundation Engineering. SE 243.
Soil Structure Interaction. SE 244. Numerical Methods in Geomechanics. SE 247. Ground Improvement. SE 248. Engineering Properties of av resume, Soils. SE 250. Stability of Earth Slopes and Retaining Walls. SE 251A. Processing Science of Composites.
SE 251B. Mechanical Behaviors of Polymers and Composites. SE 252. Experimental Mechanics and NDE. SE 253A. Mechanics of Laminated Composite Structures I. SE 253B. Mechanics of Laminated Composite Structures II.
SE 253C. Mechanics of Laminated Anisotropy Plates and essay Shells. SE 254. FRP Rehabilitation of Civil Structures. SE 260A. Aerospace Structural Mechanics I. SE 260B.
Aerospace Structural Mechanics II. SE 262. Aerospace Structures Repair. SE 235. Av Resume. Wave Propagation in Elastic Media. SE 252. Experimental Mechanics and step NDE. SE 271.
Solid Mechanics for Structural and Aerospace Engineering. SE 272. Theory of Elasticity. SE 273. Anelasticity. SE 202. Structural Stability. SE 204. Advanced Structural Dynamics. SE 205. Nonlinear Mechanical Vibrations.
SE 224. Structural Reliability and Risk Analysis. SE 206. Random Vibrations. SE 252. Experimental Mechanics and NDE. SE 263. Non-destructive Evaluation. SE 265. Structural Health Monitoring Principles. SE 266.
Smart and Multi-functional Materials. SE 267. Sensor and Data Acquisition. SE 268. Structural System Testing and Model Correlation. Students taking the Solid Mechanics focus sequence are required to take SE 271, SE 272, and one of these courses: SE 273, SE 252, or SE 235. SE 207 Topics in Structural Engineering will be acceptable to use towards a focus sequence requirement pending petition and approval of the Graduate Affairs Committee (GAC). The thesis defense is the final examination for students enrolled in the MS thesis plan and must be conducted after completion of all course work. Upon completion of the av resume writing research project, the student writes a thesis that must be successfully defended in an oral examination and public presentation conducted by a committee composed of three faculty members. A complete copy of the studentís thesis must be submitted to each member of the MS thesis committee (comprised of thesis, a minimum of av resume writing, three faculty) at least two weeks before the defense. MS in Structural Engineering with Specialization in Health Monitoring and Non-destructive Evaluation (SHMNDE)
The master of science in structural engineering with specialization in essay, structural health monitoring and non-destructive evaluation (SHMNDE) provides highly interdisciplinary knowledge incorporating three broad technology areas: (1) sensing technology, (2) data interrogation, and (3) modeling and analysis. The intersections and writing integration of these technology areas are fundamental to supporting structural health monitoring and nondestructive evaluation, which may be defined as the process of making an uncertainty-quantified assessment, based on appropriate analyses of in-situ measured data, about the current ability of a structural component or system to dambreville perform its intended design function(s) successfully. This discipline within structural, civil, mechanical, and aerospace engineering is a fundamental capability that supports “design-to-retirement” life cycle management of systems. SE 266. Smart and Multifunctional Materials. SE 267. Sensors and Data Acquisition for Structural Engineering. SE 268. Structural System Testing and Model Correlation. CSE 237A. Introduction to writing Embedded Computing.
ECE 257B. Principles of good essay, Wireless Networks. Two degree options in SHMNDE will be offered: MS Thesis option and MS Comprehensive Examination option. Students in both plans must complete thirty-six units of credit for graduation. Writing. For both options, students must complete two core courses, SE 263, Non-destructive Evaluation, and SE 265, Structural Health Monitoring Principles (eight total units). Additionally, the MS SHMNDE Thesis plan involves regular course work (twenty units) and informative graduate research (eight units) leading to the completion and av resume writing defense of a master’s thesis.
Correspondingly, the MS Comprehensive Examination plan involves regular course work (twenty-four units) and a mentored independent study (SE 296) capstone course. Up To Writing 3 Paragraph. The comparative distribution of units for each of the two degree options is shown in the table below: Comprehensive option (units) SE 263. Non-destructive Evaluation ( 4 ) SE 263.
Non-destructive Evaluation ( 4 ) SE 296. Independent Study or approved equivalent ( 4 ) Focus sequence 1. Focus sequence 2. Focus sequence 3. One from Technical Elective ( 4 ) Many courses currently offered within the Jacobs School of Engineering may be grouped into av resume writing the three focus areas comprising each technology area described above, as shown in the following list: A. Sensing Technology (Focus Area 1) SE 252. Experimental Mechanics and NDE. SE 264. Sensors and Data Acquisition for writing 3 paragraph essay, Structural Engineering. SE 266.
Smart and Multifunctional Materials. SE 268. Writing. Structural System Testing and Model Correlation. CSE 237A. Introduction to Embedded Computing. ECE 257B. Principles of Wireless Networks. B. Thesis Anti-thesis. Data Interrogation (Focus Area 2) SE 207. Diagnostic Imaging.
ECE 251A. Digital Signal Processing I. ECE 251B. Digital Signal Processing II. ECE 251C. Filter Banks and Wavelets. ECE 253. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing. ECE 254. Detection Theory.
SE 268. Structural System Testing and Model Correlation. MAE 283A. Writing. Parametric Identification: Theory and Methods. CSE 254. Statistical Learning. CSE 255. Data Mining and Predictive Analytics. CSE 250A. Principles of Artificial Intelligence: Probabilistic Reasoning and Learning.
CSE 250B. Principles of Artificial Intelligence: Learning Algorithms. ECE 271A. Statistical Learning I. ECE 271B. Statistical Learning II. C. Modeling and Analysis (Focus Area 3) SE 207.
Fracture Mechanics and sciences dissertation proposal Failure Mechanisms [1Ė2] SE 207. Validation and Verification of av resume, Computational Models. SE 202. Structural Stability. SE 203. 3 Paragraph. Structural Dynamics. SE 205. Nonlinear Mechanical Vibrations.
SE 206. Random Vibrations. SE 224. Structural Reliability and Risk Analysis. SE 233. Computational Techniques in Finite Elements or SE 276A. Finite Elements in Solid Mechanics I. SE 235. Writing. Wave Propagation in and communism, Elastic Media or MAE 238. Stress Waves in Solids. SE 236.
Wave Propagation in av resume writing, Continuous Structural Elements. SE 253A. Mechanics of Laminated Composite Structures I. SE 262. Aerospace Structures Repair. SE 254. Good Chinese Essay. FRPs in Civil Structures. SE 268. Structural System Testing and Model Correlation.
Additionally, the technical elective course required for the Comprehensive option may be chosen from any of the focus area lists above (provided it is not being counted as a focus area requirement), or from av resume this additional preapproved list of courses: SE 200. Applied Mathematics in Structural Engineering. SE 253B. Mechanics of step up to writing, Laminated Composite Structures II. MAE 273A. Dynamic Behavior of Materials. SE 201A. Advanced Structural Analysis.
SE 260. Av Resume Writing. Aerospace Structural Mechanics I. ECE 250. Random Processes. SE 204. Advanced Structural Dynamics. SE 276B. Finite Elements in Solid Mechanics II. ECE 241D. Array Processing. SE 234.
Plates and Shells. MAE 208. Mathematics for Engineers. ECE 255AN. Information Theory. MAE 272. Imperfections in Solids. ECE 272A. Stochastic Processes in Dynamic Systems. ECE 275A.
Parameter Estimation I. CSE 250C. And Communism. Machine Learning Theory. For the MS Thesis option, the eight-unit graduate research (SE 299) culminates with the preparation of a written research thesis. The thesis must be successfully defended in an oral examination and public presentation conducted by a committee composed of three faculty members. The committee will consist of three faculty members, one with expertise in each of the three focus areas.
A complete copy of the student’s thesis must be submitted to each member of the MS thesis committee at least two weeks prior to the defense. For the MS Comprehensive option, the four-unit independent study (SE 296) must be conducted as a capstone experience project. This project is intended to provide a mentored project whereby students integrate knowledge learned from their technology areas into av resume solving a problem from structural health monitoring/prognosis or nondestructive evaluation. The specific deliverables associated with the capstone project experience will be proposed by the student together with the SE 296 mentor and will be approved by the director of the MS program by the end of the quarter preceding the one in which the students intends to sciences proposal register in SE 296. The deliverables will be delivered to the SE 296 mentor, assessed by the mentor, and both the deliverables and assessment will be submitted to the director of the MS program for writing, final approval. Because of the inherent interdisciplinary nature of the MS SHMNDE program, research within SE 296 or SE 299 may be conducted at thesis outside locations (industry or government facilities). In this case a scientist or engineer on location, with an av resume writing adjunct faculty appointment at UC San Diego, will be identified as the SE 296 mentor or the writing essay SE 299 adviser and who will also be a member of the thesis committee. All students in this degree program, for both degree options, must register in SE 290, Seminar, for any two quarters while enrolled in writing, the program. The Department of Structural Engineering offers the step 3 paragraph master of advanced studies (MAS) in simulation-based engineering (SBE).
The degree requires thirty-six units of work, including a capstone team project. This program is for part-time students with an adequate background in av resume writing, engineering. All the requirements can be completed in two years, with one or two courses taken each quarter. Final Project Capstone Requirement, No Thesis. In the MAS-SBE program, an “alternative plan” requirement is satisfied by a four-unit capstone project requirement. Students entering the MAS program in structural engineering for a degree in simulation-based engineering will take courses in the Departments of Structural Engineering and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. The program requires eight four-unit core courses totaling thirty-two units and one four-unit capstone team project course SBE 279, Applications of Simulation-Based Engineering, for a total of thirty-six units. All courses must be completed with an average grade of B and writing 3 paragraph essay no grade below B-. The courses required of writing, all students are as follows: SBE 233. Computational Techniques in Finite Elements.
SBE 276A. Finite Element Methods in Solid Mechanics I. SBE 276B. Up To 3 Paragraph Essay. Finite Element Methods in Solid Mechanics II. SBE 278A. Finite Element Methods in Fluid Mechanics. SBE 276C. Finite Element Methods in av resume writing, Solid Mechanics III. Three elective SE/MAE courses drawn from the following list (twelve units) that students may choose according to their field of interest. These courses are regular courses attended by MS and samuel dambreville thesis PhD students. SE 278B.
Computational Fluid-Structure Interaction. SE 267. Validation of Computational Models (currently taught under SE 207) SE 277. Error Control in av resume writing, Finite Element Analysis. MAE 261. Cardiovascular Fluid Mechanics. SE 253A.
Mechanics of Laminated Composite Structures I. SE 253B. Mechanics of Laminated Composite Structures II. MAE 229A. Mechanical Properties. MAE 273A. Dynamic Behavior of essay on nature, Materials.
The Department of Structural Engineering offers the av resume master of advanced studies (MAS) degree in structural health monitoring (SHM). The degree requires thirty-six units of work, including a capstone team project. This program is for social dissertation proposal, part-time students with an adequate background in writing, engineering. All the requirements can be completed in two years, with one or two courses taken each quarter. Final Project Capstone Requirement, No Thesis. In the MAS-SHM Program, an “alternative plan” requirement is satisfied by a two two-unit course capstone project requirement. Students entering the MAS program in structural engineering for a degree in structural health monitoring will undertake courses in step up to writing 3 paragraph, the Departments of Structural Engineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering. The program requires eight four-unit core courses totaling thirty-two units and two two-unit capstone team project courses for a total of thirty-six units.
All courses must be completed with an average grade of B and no grade below BĖ. Av Resume Writing. The courses required of all students are as follows: SHM 203. Structural Dynamics and Vibration. SHM 224. Structural Reliability and Risk Modeling.
SHM 233. Computational Techniques in Finite Element. SHM 252. Sensing and Nondestructive Evaluation Methods. SHM 267. Thesis. Validation and Verification of av resume writing, Computational Models. SHM 270. Introduction to Digital Signal Processing. SHM 271. Digital Signal Processing I. SHM 229.
Mechanical Properties. SHM 265A-B. Integrated Structural Health MonitoringóCapstone Course. The PhD program is intended to prepare students for a variety of essay on nature, careers in research, teaching and advanced professional practice in writing, the broad sense of thesis, structural engineering, encompassing civil and aerospace structures, earthquake and geotechnical engineering, composites, and engineering mechanics. Depending on the student’s background and av resume ability, research is initiated as soon as possible. Social Sciences Dissertation Proposal. All students, in av resume, consultation with their advisers, develop course programs that will prepare them for anti-thesis, the departmental comprehensive examination and for av resume, their dissertation research. However, these programs of study and chinese research must be planned to writing meet the time limits established to advance to essay on nature candidacy and to complete the requirements for the degree. Doctoral students who have passed the departmental comprehensive examination may take any course for an S/U grade, with the exception of any course that the student’s departmental comprehensive or PhD candidacy examination committee stipulates must be taken in order to remove a deficiency.
It is writing strongly recommended that all structural engineering graduate students take a minimum of two courses (other than research) per academic year after passing the departmental comprehensive examination. The department also offers a seminar course each quarter dealing with current research topics in structural engineering (SE 290). Students must take SE 290 every quarter in the first year of graduate study if they are planning to obtain an MS degree, and it is strongly recommended to take it for at least one quarter in every subsequent year. All doctoral students will be required to take SE 200, Applied Mathematics in Structural Engineering, prior to taking the departmental comprehensive exam. Doctoral examinations: A structural engineering PhD student is required to pass three examinations. The first is a departmental comprehensive examination that should be taken within three to step up to 3 paragraph six quarters of writing, full-time graduate study and requires a 3.5 GPA.
This examination is intended to determine the student’s ability to essay on nature successfully pursue a research project at a level appropriate for the doctoral degree. It is administered by at least four faculty, three of whom must be in structural engineering. The student is responsible for writing, material pertaining to thesis anti-thesis four focus areas. One focus area can be satisfied by course work, provided that all courses in av resume writing, that area have been taken at UC San Diego, the step writing 3 paragraph grade in each course is av resume writing B or better, and the overall GPA in that area is at least 3.5. In order to insure appropriate breadth, the focus areas should consist of the following: (a) two focus areas within structural engineering which are closely related to the student’s research interests, (b) one focus area within structural engineering that is not directly related to the student’s area of research, and (c) one minor focus area outside the Department of Structural Engineering. An update list of informative essay, sample focus areas for PhD students is available in the structural engineering Graduate Handbook. Minor areas too closely related to the major areas will not be approved by the SE Graduate Affairs Committee.
The Solid Mechanics Focus Sequence, which is jointly taught by the Department of Structural Engineering and the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, cannot be used to satisfy the outside structural engineering requirement. Students intending to writing specialize in step up to, the emerging areas of structural health monitoring, damage prognosis, and validated simulations are advised to av resume writing take courses in the focus areas of structural health monitoring and elective courses MAE 283, MAE 261, ECE 251AN, ECE 251BN, ECE 254, and CSE 291, which can be used to satisfy the outside structural engineering requirement. Since the examination areas must be approved by the Structural Engineering Graduate Affairs Committee, students are advised to seek such approval well before their expected examination date, preferably while planning their graduate studies. Although students are not required to take particular courses in essay, preparation for the departmental comprehensive examination, the scope of the writing examination in each area is associated with a set of three graduate courses, generally in anti-thesis, focus areas offered or approved by av resume writing the department. A list of focus areas is available in the Structural Engineering Graduate Handbook . A candidate can develop a sense of the level of knowledge expected to be demonstrated during the essay on nature examination by studying the appropriate syllabi and/or discussing the course content with faculty experienced in teaching the writing courses involved. The departmental comprehensive examination may be a written or an oral examination, at the discretion of the committee. Teaching experience is required of all structural engineering PhD students prior to taking the PhD candidacy examination. Teaching experience is defined as lecturing one hour per week in either a problem-solving section or laboratory session, for one quarter in an undergraduate course designated by the department.
The requirement can be fulfilled by serving as a teaching assistant or by social proposal taking SE 501 for academic credit. Students must contact the writing Student Affairs Office to plan for essay on nature, completion of this requirement. The PhD candidacy examination is the second examination required of structural engineering doctoral students. In preparation for av resume, the PhD candidacy examination, students must have completed the departmental comprehensive examination and the departmental teaching experience requirement, obtained a faculty research adviser, have identified a topic for their dissertation research, and have made initial progress in that research. At the time of application for advancement to candidacy, a doctoral committee responsible for the remainder of the dambreville thesis student’s graduate program is appointed by the Graduate Council.
In accordance with Academic Senate Regulations 715(D): “A doctoral committee of five or more members shall be appointed by the dean of Graduate Studies under the authority of the Graduate Council. Writing. The committee members shall be chosen from at least two departments, and at essay on nature least two members shall represent academic specialties that differ from the student’s chosen specialty. In all cases, each committee must include one tenured UC San Diego faculty member from av resume writing outside the student’s major department.” The committee conducts the chinese essay PhD candidacy examination, during which students must demonstrate the ability to engage in dissertation research. This involves the presentation of a plan for the dissertation research project. A short written document describing the av resume writing research plan must be submitted to each member of the social dissertation committee at least two weeks before the PhD candidacy examination.
The committee may ask questions directly or indirectly related to the research project and general questions that it determines to be relevant. Upon successful completion of this examination, students are advanced to candidacy and are awarded the candidate of philosophy degree. The PhD candidacy examination is an oral examination. The dissertation defense is the final PhD examination. Upon completion of the av resume dissertation research project, the student writes a dissertation that must then be successfully defended in an oral examination and public presentation conducted by the doctoral committee. A complete copy of the studentís dissertation must be submitted to each member of the doctoral committee at least four weeks before the defense. While the copy of the social sciences dissertation handed to writing the committee is step up to 3 paragraph essay expected to be complete and in final form, it should be noted that students are expected to av resume writing make changes in the text per direction of the committee as a result of the defense. This examination cannot be conducted earlier than three quarters after the date of advancement to doctoral candidacy.
Acceptance of the dissertation by the Office of Graduate Studies and thesis anti-thesis and communism the university librarian represents the final step in completion of all requirements for the PhD. PhD time limit policy. Precandidacy status is limited to four years. Doctoral students are eligible for university support for six years. Writing. The defense and submission of the essay on nature doctoral dissertation must be within seven years. Evaluations. In the spring of writing, each year, the department faculty members evaluate each doctoral studentís overall performance in course work, research, and prospects for financial support for future years.
A written assessment is given to the student after the evaluation. If a studentís work is found to thesis anti-thesis be inadequate, the faculty may determine that the student cannot continue in the graduate program. PhD in Structural Engineering with Specialization in av resume writing, Computational Science. The UC San Diego campus offers a new comprehensive PhD specialization in computational science that will be available to doctoral candidates in participating academic departments at sciences UC San Diego. This PhD specialization is designed to allow students to obtain training in their chosen field of science, mathematics, or engineering with additional training in computational science integrated into their graduate studies. Prospective students must apply and be admitted into av resume writing the PhD program in structural engineering and then be admitted to the CSME program. Areas of research in the Department of Structural Engineering will include computational mechanics, computational techniques in finite elements, error control in finite element analysis, nonlinear finite element methods, and finite element methods in solid and fluid mechanics, and fluid-structure interaction. Each faculty member works with graduate student on step up to 3 paragraph, the listed research topics. The specialization in computational science requires that students complete all home requirements for the structural engineering PhD. Students are required to pass the departmental qualifying examination, PhD candidacy examination, teaching requirement, and a final defense of the thesis. The qualifying and elective courses for the CSME can be used as part of the advanced course requirement, which is the same as for the structural engineering PhD.
Requirements for the PhD in Structural Engineering with Specialization in writing, Computational Science. Qualifying requirements: In addition to informative essay on homelessness the home department qualifying exam requirements, PhD students must take the writing final exams in three qualifying exam courses from the list below. Courses taken to satisfy the qualifying requirements will not count toward the elective requirements. Math 275 or MAE 290B (Numerical PDEs) Phys 244 or CSE 260 (Parallel Computing) Course to be selected from List A. Students coming with an MS may be able to samuel dambreville thesis petition to av resume writing replace the Math 275 or MAE 290B with an equivalent class taken at their MS institution. List A: CSME Qualifying Exam Courses. Math 270A, B, or C. Numerical Analysis Math 271A, B, or C. Numerical Optimization Math 272A, B, or C. Numerical Partial Differential Equations Math 273A, B, or C. Advanced Techniques in Computational Mathematics MAE 223. Computational Fluid Mechanics MAE 232/SE 276A, B or C (Computational Solids Mechanics) MAE 280A or B. Linear Systems Theory MAE 294A.
Introduction to Applied Mathematics Physics 221 AB. Nonlinear Dynamics Physics 243. Stochastic Methods SE 233. Computational and informative essay on homelessness Technical Aspects of Finite Element Methods Chem 285. Introduction to Computational Chemistry Additional courses to be determined by the executive committee or allowed by petition. Elective requirements: To encourage PhD students to av resume writing both broaden themselves in an area of science or engineering as well as to obtain more specialized training in specific areas of computational science, students will be required to take and pass three elective courses from the following approved List B (four units per sciences dissertation, course). The executive committee may approve the use of courses not appearing on the following list on a case-by-case basis. Courses taken to satisfy the elective requirements will not count toward the qualifying requirements.
List B: Relevant Elective Graduate Courses in Mathematics, Science, and writing Engineering. Any course appearing on List A above Physics 241. Step Essay. Computational Physics I Physics 242. Computational Physics II MAE 222. Flow Control MAE 261.
Cardiovascular Fluid Mechanics SE 277. Av Resume Writing. Error Control in Finite Element Methods SE 278A. Computational Fluid Dynamics SE 278B. Computational Fluid-Structure Interaction Chem 215. Modeling Biological Macromolecules BGGN 260. Neurodynamics ECE 272. Dynamical Systems under Uncertainity CSE 250A or B. Principles of Artificial Intelligence Math 210A, B, or C. Mathematical Methods in Physics and Engineering Additional courses to be determined by executive committee or allowed by petition. Program policies: The following is a list of policies for the PhD specialization with regard to proficiency, qualifying, and elective requirements.
Proficiency in computer engineering must be demonstrated by essay on nature the end of the av resume writing first year. Essay On Nature. The qualifying exams must be passed by the end of the second year or, on petition, by end of the third year. The qualifying exams can be attempted repeatedly but no more than once per quarter per subject. The qualifying exams in the home department and the CSME qualifying exams must all be passed before the student is permitted to take the candidacy exam (Senate Exam). Two electives outside the home department must be taken. The two electives can be taken at any time before defending the thesis. One of the electives may be taken Pass/Fail; the other must be taken for writing, a letter grade. The department offers a biweekly seminar on topics of current interest in structural engineering and on departmental research programs. Students are expected to social register and av resume writing attend the samuel dambreville thesis colloquium. Students have an option of obtaining credit for a structural engineering graduate course by taking the final examination without participating in any class exercises. Av Resume. They must, however, officially register for the course and notify the essay on nature instructor and the Department of Structural Engineering graduate affairs office of writing, their intention no later than the first week of the course.
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analyze essay topics Are you asking yourself why you should read this blog post? Are you asking, ďWhatís in it for me?Ē What if I promised that by reading this youíll learn more about how to writing, write an effective persuasive essay? What if I promised that by reading this youíll learn 20 persuasive essay topics to samuel dambreville thesis, help you get started writing your persuasive essay, and that youíll even learn some tips about av resume how to choose a persuasive essay topic? If youíre still reading, then Iíve achieved my goal. Iíve written a persuasive opening. Good Essay? And if youíre assigned to write a persuasive essay, you should definitely keep reading.
The goal of av resume writing a persuasive essay is to convince readers. When writing the essay, essay, youíll first need to state your own opinion then develop evidence to support that opinion. These reasons and examples (evidence) should convince readers to believe your argument. Av Resume? I know this quick definition gives you the basics, but you should know more about persuasive writing before you attempt to write your own essay. As tempting as it may seem to skip past the additional information and go directly to the list of persuasive essay topics, donít do it. Take the chinese essay, time now to read more about persuasive writing. (Itís all about persuasion. Writing? Are you clicking the links below yet?) Iíll trust that Iíve persuaded you to thesis, read all three of the above articles, and av resume writing, now that you know how to essay on nature, write a persuasive essay, here are 20 persuasive essay topics to help you get started. Writing? CCO Public Domain. 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started.
1. Does Facebook (or other forms of social media) create isolation? Facebook lets people stay connected and meet new friends, yet some argue people spend so much time on social media that they lose contact with real life. 2. Should guns be permitted on step up to, college campuses? With recent school massacres permeating the av resume writing, news, people feel as though they should be able to protect themselves by carrying guns in all public spaces; however, others feel as though allowing guns on campuses will only increase crime and the death toll. 3. Do kids benefit if everyone on the team receives a trophy?
If everyone on social sciences, the team receives a trophy (even for participation) kids may feel like part of the av resume, team and feel as though their efforts matter. Others believe handing out trophies to all kids on the team simply makes them feel entitled. Essay On Nature? 4. Av Resume? Is society too dependent on step up to writing 3 paragraph essay, technology? Technology creates great opportunities, yet some feel people can no longer function without a smart phone by their sides at av resume writing all times. 5. Should all high school students be required to complete parenting classes? Parents often believe sexuality, family planning, and parenting should be taught at home, but many do not believe parents sufficiently educate their children about these topics and feel the social sciences dissertation proposal, school should provide teens with training for adulthood and require parenting classes. 6. Av Resume? Does the school day start too early? While some simply say kids should go to bed earlier in order to be alert during the school day, others argue teens require more sleep and need to sleep later in order to function properly. 7. Should the minimum wage be increased?
Many business owners argue that raising minimum wage would only cause hardship and social, cause them to raise their prices, but many workers argue raising minimum wage is necessary in writing, order to help low income workers dig out of poverty. 8. Should elementary schools teach handwriting? If no one knows how to write or read cursive handwriting, the form of communication will be lost, some believe. Other, however, believe handwriting is antiquated, and kids would be better served learning keyboarding. 9. Should childhood vaccinations be mandatory?
Though vaccinations can prevent a number of childhood illnesses, some believe mandatory vaccination violates individual rights and can actually do more harm than good. Dissertation Proposal? 10. Are security cameras an invasion of privacy? Security cameras are in place to protect both businesses and the general public, but some argue cameras have gone too far and av resume, actually invade privacy because people are constantly under surveillance. Up To Essay? 11. Should citizens be allowed to av resume, keep exotic pets? People feel they should be allowed to keep exotic pets, as they are capable of caring for writing 3 paragraph essay the animals and it is their right to keep such pets; however, others feel keeping such pets creates a danger to other people and is harmful to the animals. 12.
Should a relaxed dress code be allowed in the workplace? Some argue a more relaxed dress code has created more relaxed and less productive workers. Others argue the more relaxed dress code creates a more casual, friendly, and creative workplace. 13. Is it ethical to sentence juveniles as adults? The old cliche is ďIf you do the av resume, crime, you should do the time,Ē but many believe it isnít ethical to charge a juvenile as an adult, as a childís brain isnít fully developed yet.
14. Should corporations be allowed to advertise in schools? Though some think schools should embrace corporate advertising, as budgets are very limited, others believe kids shouldnít be bombarded with corporate persuasion; kids should focus on learning. 15. Should public transportation be free for all residents of a city? While some say free public transportation would help the environment and anti-thesis and communism, reduce traffic, others think free public transportation is av resume writing, too expensive, and the government canít afford to pay for sciences proposal it. Writing? 16. Is professional football too dangerous for step writing essay players? Because of recent discoveries about chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), many believe football is too dangerous, and rules need to change.
Those on the other side of the argument believe football players know the av resume, risks and thus should be allowed to play. Essay On Nature? 17. Should minors be allowed to get tattoos (if they have parental permission)? Some feel parents should be allowed to give permission for their minor children to get tattoos, as they are making the writing, decision for their own children. On the other hand, because tattoos are essentially permanent, some feel only adults should be able to social sciences dissertation, get tattoos. People argue fracking is an effective way to extract natural gas, but others argue it is too dangerous and is harmful to the environment. Writing? 19. Should a college education be free for everyone? Though people believe education is a right and will make society, on the whole, a better place for essay everyone, others feel there is no true way to offer a free college education as colleges would still need to be funded (likely through tax dollars). 20. Writing? Should the U.S. Step 3 Paragraph? assist developing countries with immunization efforts?
Immunizations have been critical to eradicating diseases such as polio and measles in the United States, so some would argue that itís important to distribute immunizations to developing countries where people are still dying from these types of diseases. Others may argue that this type of effort would be too costly or ineffective. After reading this list, Iím sure at least a few topics appeal to you, but how do you know which one of these great ideas to choose for your own paper? Here are a few tips. Writing? Doís and Doníts of Choosing Persuasive Essay Topics. You care about. Essay On Nature? Itís easier to write about something that interests you. Other people care about too. Why would you write about a topic that no one cares about? You are willing to examine from multiple viewpoints. Looking at both sides of the av resume writing, issue shows you are educated about thesis anti-thesis your topic.
You donít care about. If you donít care about the writing, topic, it will be difficult to informative on homelessness, persuade others. You are extremely passionate about. While passion is important, if youíre so passionate about the topic that you arenít willing to av resume writing, learn new information or see additional viewpoints, it will be difficult to write an effective paper. Canít be researched effectively. In other words, donít try to step 3 paragraph, research a topic like the writing, meaning of the universe or why people usually wear matching socks. In this blog post, youíve learned how to step writing 3 paragraph, write a persuasive essay, examined a variety of persuasive essay topics, and learned the doís and doníts of selecting a good topic. So what are you waiting for? Start researching, and av resume, start writing!
Still looking for more? If so, I recommend you read this study guide about persuasive and argumentative essays. Want to make sure youíre writing is convincing? Why not have one of 3 paragraph our Kibin editors review your paper? Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Susan M. Inez is av resume writing, a professor of informative English and writing goddess based out of the Northeast. Writing goddess? Meet the Empress of Special Education at Kingman Middle School in Kingman, Arizona.
We#8217;re happy to help! Glad you found the inspiration you needed. Can I read what you wrote? That sounds fabulous! I believe that tattoos should be allowed at any age with or without parents permission its just perminant ink on your skin most kids do it with pen so whats the big dead fam.
That sounds like a stance you could definitely defend in a persuasive essay #8230; just make sure you have some evidence to back it up! Thanks for reading #128578; I think you might find this topic a little bit limiting because there aren#8217;t very many reasons *not* to spay or neuter a pet. Av Resume? It#8217;s not a debatable topic for most reasonable pet ownersthe answer to thesis anti-thesis, topic 1, for most people, is a simple #8220;yes.#8221;. Av Resume Writing? If your goal is to be debatable, you could push this topic even further by arguing that pet owners should be required to pay fines if they choose not to spay/neuter a pet (unless they#8217;ve applied for a breeder#8217;s permit or something). That#8217;s one idea. That said, if you are writing more of an expository essay that doesn#8217;t need to be fully debatable (and is more intended to be informative), then I would suggest you go with topic 2 as this gives you more to write about in your body text. Hope this helps and happy writing!
It is fun to write an essay about the things that you are more interested. THANKS to my English teacher i now know how to write an essay and i advice other peoples to practice how to write an essay. THANKS for hearing g my opinion. That awesome that your English teacher is so helpful. Yay for amazing English teachers! You are right choosing a topic that#8217;s actually interesting to you makes the writing process so much better. Thanks for the comment! glad to on homelessness, be friends and writing, please express your self to me in any way that you want PLEASE! I am very interested to informative essay, children learnings. Writing? I want to read them different stories at the same time make them understand the morals and values of the story.
However, some children may not understand the words. How will I make it as my topic for my research? I don#8217;t know how to construct a sentence for social sciences dissertation proposal that. Im not good in english yet. If you#8217;re writing a persuasive essay, you could write about the topic #8220;Should the government fund universal pre-K to improve early childhood reading skills?#8221; That is a broader approach. If you#8217;re most interested in writing, writing about your own personal initiatives for teaching children to read, you could write a persuasive essay that attempts to convince a local school district (or another more local entity) to social proposal, support/create volunteer reading programs for writing young children. Samuel Thesis? I hope these ideas help! i have a cochlear implant and writing, I found a topic for persuasive that I could write about is why shouldn#8217;t kids or teens not wear earplugs to listen to music- it could damage the nerves of chinese essay their hearing. It sounds like you could write quite an interesting persuasive essay on av resume writing, that topic, great idea! thank you but I changed my mind, I am doing why 3 meals a day is better than one meal.
I need to know how to do an up to, attention grabber. Hmm#8230;depends a bit on av resume, the angle of your paper (i.e. whether you#8217;re arguing that 3 meals is better for essay on nature managing hunger/appetite or something else), but one way to start would be to vividly describe the writing, feeling of essay on nature hunger! You can find lots more hook ideas here (if you add your email address to the field at the bottom right, we#8217;ll send you 14 examples): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ im 12 and av resume, these are great topics i seen in history. Awesome! Thanks for informative on homelessness the comment #128578;
Hi, can you help me in my assignment. How can I explain every paragraph in Practice And Uphold Positive Attitude by av resume writing Lee Am. Essay On Nature? Both of these posts will help you explain/analyze the text without just summarizing #128578;
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essay on the dot Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about academic writing conventions; click on the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children.
And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. Av Resume Writing. Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is needed to encourage people to samuel, have more children. Writing. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and sciences dissertation, lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is av resume, neither valid nor helpful.
The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per thesis and communism, female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the av resume writing, populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and chinese, economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the av resume, causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values. Thesis. It is argued that in developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the av resume writing, young, have become more focussed on the values of essay self-realisation and writing, the satisfaction of essay on nature personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family.
A strong version of this view is av resume writing, put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. Dissertation. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in the form of shopping. According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is av resume, responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). Step Writing. In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to av resume writing, the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is social sciences dissertation proposal, that whenever young people are surveyed about writing, their attitudes to anti-thesis and communism, family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for av resume writing, family sizes that are, on samuel thesis, average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an example, McDonald quotes an av resume, Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in their lifetime. Step Up To 3 Paragraph. Findings like this suggest that the values of the young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family.
It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the av resume writing, changed role and good chinese essay, status of av resume writing women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to samuel dambreville thesis, this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of av resume writing threatening population stability.
But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and sciences dissertation proposal, Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the av resume, feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of essay women [actually] ensures against av resume writing, a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for social sciences proposal, women to low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. Av Resume. In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the social sciences, non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is av resume, now converging towards that of tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to essay, have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. Av Resume. The improved education and career opportunities for social, women does not seem to be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved.
Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of av resume young people and their growing sense of step up to writing 3 paragraph essay insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an writing, assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. Step Up To 3 Paragraph. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. Writing. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the social dissertation, economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate.
According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to av resume, avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to thesis anti-thesis and communism, form families in terms of av resume perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per essay on nature, cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work. Av Resume Writing. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the on homelessness, long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and writing, start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances.
Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to have an essay on nature, increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in av resume writing living standards over their lifetime. Essay On Nature. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in writing the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for good, their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in writing Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the anti-thesis and communism, younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to av resume writing, have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to samuel thesis, remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for av resume writing, better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998).
Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is up to writing 3 paragraph, selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times.
7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Av Resume. Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Essay. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. Av Resume Writing. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000). A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp.
47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the anti-thesis and communism, Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Av Resume. Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b).
The toolbox of essay on nature public policies to av resume, impact on fertility - a global view. Samuel Thesis. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000).
Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to av resume, do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for thesis anti-thesis, the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for av resume, it. As part of and communism this thinking, you should give some thought to writing, what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an social sciences dissertation proposal, essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the av resume writing, introduction, the student introduces his argument.
Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an samuel dambreville, alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to av resume writing, state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. Dissertation. This is presented as background information. Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and writing, then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia).
Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in step up to essay paragraph 2, the av resume writing, student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in essay on nature the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in av resume writing a general way.
In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of good essay a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to av resume, find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in essay on nature the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to av resume, do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women.
In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in chinese essay some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the av resume writing, student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is dambreville, that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the av resume writing, second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on informative on homelessness, this part of the argument.
Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write. Av Resume Writing. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is proposal, arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Av Resume Writing. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay.
But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to step up to writing, do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the first sentence, the av resume, student restates his argument - if we accept that. Informative On Homelessness. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem. In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the writing, student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only essay, restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Writing. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this.
You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to thesis, map out a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of av resume spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Anti-thesis And Communism. Always print out and edit from a hard copy.
Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to av resume, (cited) in informative on homelessness the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to writing, a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the anti-thesis, student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for av resume, an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of dambreville thesis references. Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is.
And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is writing, not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the up to writing 3 paragraph, really important issue is not the words you use to writing, present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the essay on nature, ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is required in each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of av resume writing ways.
One method is to present some information and thesis, then provide the citation immediately after it to av resume, indicate the essay on nature, source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and writing, Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about essay on nature, them in av resume Ashby#039;s text.
Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. Essay On Nature. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of a writer, you need to use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for the declining birthrate.
Notice how he does this in a careful way, by av resume, using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an good chinese essay, author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the av resume writing, exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to change the thesis anti-thesis, wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc.
This is av resume, known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . Thesis. McDonald points to av resume, . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion.
Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and good chinese essay, are in a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Av Resume. Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for students to refer to sources from the essay on nature, world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site.
Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments?
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