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Beethoven: man, composer and revolutionary. If any composer deserves the name of revolutionary it is Beethoven. He carried through what was probably the greatest single revolution in modern music and changed the way music was composed and listened to. This is college, music that does not calm, but shocks and disturbs. Alan Woods describes how the world into which Beethoven was born was a world in turmoil, a world in router paper, transition, a world of wars, revolution and counter-revolution: a world like our own world. Beethoven is the copying college friend and contemporary of the French Revolution, and he remained faithful to it even when, during the Jacobin dictatorship, humanitarians with weak nerves of the Schiller type turned from it, preferring to destroy tyrants on statement wallpaper the theatrical stage with the help of college essays, cardboard swords.

Beethoven, that plebeian genius, who proudly turned his back on emperors, princes and magnates - that is the Beethoven we love for his unassailable optimism, his virile sadness, for right or wrong essay the inspired pathos of his struggle, and for essays his iron will which enabled him to seize destiny by 5 paragraph the throat. (Igor Stravinsky) If any composer deserves the name of revolutionary it is copying essays, Beethoven. The word revolution derives historically from the discoveries of Copernicus, who established that the earth revolves around the sun, and gay marriage right or wrong, thus transformed the way we look at the universe and copying college essays, our place in it. Similarly, Beethoven carried through what was probably the greatest single revolution in modern music. His output was vast, including nine symphonies, five piano concertos and world religions, others for violin, string quartets, piano sonatas, songs and one opera. He changed the essays way music was composed and easy, listened to.

Right to the end, he never ceased pushing music to its limits. After Beethoven it was impossible to go back to the old days when music was regarded as a soporific for wealthy patrons who could doze through a symphony and then go home quietly to bed. After Beethoven, one no longer returned from a concert humming pleasant tunes. This is music that does not calm, but shocks and disturbs. it is music that makes you think and feel. Marx pointed out that the college essays difference between France and essay, Germany is that, whereas the French actually made revolutions, the Germans merely speculated about them. Philosophical idealism flourished in Germany in the late 18th and copying college, early 19th centuries for the same reason. In England the bourgeoisie was effecting a great world-historical revolution in production, while across the thesis statement yellow wallpaper English Channel, the college French were carrying out an wireless router research paper, equally great revolution in politics. In backward Germany, where social relations lagged behind France and England, the only revolution was a revolution in men's minds.

Kant, Fichte, Schelling and Hegel argued about the nature of the world and ideas, while other people in other lands actually set about revolutionising the world and the minds of men and women. The Sturm und Drang movement was an expression of this typically German phenomenon. Goethe was influenced by copying college essays German idealist philosophy, especially Kant. Here we can detect the echoes of the French revolution, but they are distant and indistinct, and they are strictly confined to the abstract world of poetry, music and philosophy. The Sturm und Drang movement in Germany reflected the revolutionary nature of the epoch at the end of the 18th century. It was a period of enormous intellectual ferment. Essay On Your Favorite Place! The French philosophe s anticipated the revolutionary events of 1789 by their assault on the ideology of the essays old regime. As Engels put it in the Anti-Duhring: “The great men, who in influenced, France prepared men's minds for the coming revolution, were themselves extreme revolutionists. Copying Essays! They recognised no external authority of any kind whatever. Religion, natural science, society, political institutions — everything was subjected to the most unsparing criticism; everything must justify its existence before the judgment-seat of reason or give up existence. Gay Marriage Right Or Wrong Essay! Reason became the sole measure of everything.

It was the time when, as Hegel says, the world stood upon its head; first in the sense that the college essays human head, and the principles arrived at by its thought, claimed to who has your life essay, be the basis of copying college essays, all human action and association; but by and by, also, in the wider sense that the reality which was in comparing world, contradiction to these principles had, in fact, to be turned upside down.” Bonn in the 18th century. The impact of this pre-revolutionary ferment in France made itself felt far beyond the borders of that country, in Germany, England, and even Russia. In literature, gradually the old courtly forms were being dissolved. This found its reflection in copying college, the poetry of influenced your life, Wolfgang Goethe – the greatest poet Germany has produced. His great masterpiece Faust is shot through with a dialectical spirit. Mephistophiles is the living spirit of copying, negation that penetrates everything. This revolutionary spirit found an echo in the later works of Mozart, notably in Don Giovanni , which among other things contains a stirring chorus with the words: “ Long live Liberty!” But it is only with Beethoven that the spirit of the French Revolution finds its true expression in music. Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn on November 16, 1770, the son of a musician from a family of Flemish origin.

His father, Johann, was employed by the court of the Archbishop-elector. He was by router research paper all accounts a harsh, brutal and dissolute man. Copying Essays! His mother, Maria Magdalena, bore her martyrdom with silent resignation. Beethoven’s early years were not happy. This probably explains his introverted and somewhat surly character as well as his rebellious spirit. Beethoven’s early education was at best patchy. He left school at the age of eleven.

The first person to realise the youngster’s enormous potential was the court organist, Gottlob Neffe, who introduced him to the works of Bach, especially the Well-Tempered Klavier . Noting his son’s precocious talent, Johann tried to turn him into a child prodigy – a new Mozart. At the age of five he was exhibited at a public concert. But Johann was doomed to disappointment: Ludwig was no childhood Mozart. Surprisingly, he had no natural disposition for music and had to be pushed. So his father sent him to several teachers to drum music into comparing world religions his head. At this time Bonn, the capital of the copying college Electorate of Cologne, was a sleepy provincial backwater. In order to statement yellow wallpaper, advance, the college essays young musician had to go to thesis statement wallpaper, study music in Vienna.

The family was not rich, but in 1787 the young Beethoven was sent to the capital by the Archbishop. It was here that he met Mozart, who was impressed by him. Later one of his teachers was Haydn. College! But after only gay marriage essay two months he had to return to Bonn, where his mother was seriously ill. She died shortly afterwards.

This was the copying first of who has influenced your essay, many personal and family tragedies that dogged Beethoven all his life. In 1792, the year in which Louis XVI was beheaded, Beethoven finally moved from essays, Bonn to Vienna, where he lived till he died. Vienna in essay comparing, Beethoven's time. Copying Essays! The portraits that have come down to us show a brooding, sombre young man with an router research, expression that conveys a sense of inner tension and a passionate nature. Physically he was not handsome: a large head and Roman nose, a pock-marked face and thick, bushy hair that never seemed to be combed. Essays! His dark complexion earned him the nickname “the Spaniard”. Short, stocky and rather clumsy, he had the bearing and manners of a plebeian – a fact that could not be disguised by the elegant clothes he wore as a young man. This born rebel turned up in aristocratic and fastidious Vienna, unkempt, ill-dressed and ill-humoured, with none of the polite airs and graces that might have been expected of him. Like every other composer in those times, Beethoven was obliged to rely on research grants and commissions from wealthy and essays, aristocratic patrons.

But he was never owned by them. He was not a musical courtier, as Haydn was at the court of the Esterhazy family. What they thought of wireless router research, this strange man is not known. College! But the comparing greatness of college essays, his music ensured him of commissions and therefore a livelihood. He must have felt completely out of place. He despised convention and orthodoxy. He was not in the least interested in his appearance or surroundings. Beethoven was a man who lived and breathed for his music and statement on the yellow, was unconcerned with worldly comforts. His personal life was chaotic and unsettled, and could be described as Bohemian. He lived in the utmost squalor.

His house was always a mess, with bits of food lying around, and even unemptied chamber pots. His attitude to the princes and nobles who paid him was conveyed in a famous painting. The composer is shown in the course of a stroll with the poet Goethe, the Archduchess Rudolph and the Empress. While Goethe respectfully gave way to the royal pair, politely removing his hat, Beethoven completely ignored them and continued walking without even acknowledging the greetings of the copying college essays imperial family. This painting contains the whole spirit of the man, a fearless, revolutionary, uncompromising spirit.

Suffocating in the bourgeois atmosphere of on the yellow, Vienna he wrote a despairing comment: “ As long as the Austrians have their brown beer and little sausages, they will never revolt.” [1] The world into copying college essays which Beethoven was born was a world in essay on your, turmoil, a world in transition, a world of wars, revolution and counter-revolution: a world like our own world. In 1776, the American colonists succeeded in winning their freedom through a revolution which took the form of a war of copying college, national liberation against Britain. This was the first act in a great historical drama. The American Revolution proclaimed the ideals of individual freedom that were derived from the French Enlightenment. Just over a decade later, the ideas of the 5 paragraph essay on your favorite place Rights of Man returned to France in an even more explosive manner. The storming of the Bastille in July 1789 marked a decisive turning point in world history. In its period of ascent the French Revolution swept away all the accumulated rubbish of feudalism, brought an entire nation to its feet and confronted the whole of Europe with courage and determination. The liberating spirit of the Revolution in copying essays, France swept like wildfire through Europe. Such a period demanded new art forms and easy, new ways of expression. This was achieved in the music of Beethoven, which expresses the copying spirit of the who has influenced your life age better than anything else. Copying Essays! In 1793 King Louis of France was executed by the Jacobins.

A wave of shock and fear swept through all the courts of essay favorite place, Europe. Attitudes towards revolutionary France hardened. Those liberals who had initially greeted the Revolution with enthusiasm, now slunk away into the corner of reaction. The antagonism of the propertied classes to France was voiced by Edmund Burke in his Reflections on the Revolution in France. College Essays! Everywhere the supporters of the revolution were regarded with suspicion and persecuted. It was no longer safe to be a friend of the French Revolution. These were stormy times. The revolutionary armies of the young French republic defeated the armies of feudal-monarchist Europe and were counter-attacking all along the on the wallpaper line. The young composer was from the beginning an ardent admirer of the French revolution, and was appalled at the fact that Austria was the leading force in the counter-revolutionary coalition against France.

The capital of the Empire was infected by a mood of terror. The air was thick with suspicion; spies were ever-present and free expression was stifled by censorship. Essays! But what could not be expressed by on summer vacations the written word could find an expression in great music. His studies with Haydn did not go very well. He was already developing original ideas about music, which did not go down well with the old man, firmly wedded to the old courtly-aristocratic style of classical music. It was a clash of the old with the new. The young composer was making a name for college himself as a pianist. His style was violent, like the gay marriage age that produced it. Copying College Essays! It is said that he hit the keys so hard he broke the essay comparing world religions strings. College! He was beginning to be recognised as a new and original composer. He took Vienna by storm.

He was a success. Life can play the cruellest tricks on essay favorite place men and women. In Beethoven's case, fate prepared a particularly cruel destiny. In 1796-7 Beethoven fell ill – possibly with a type of meningitis – which affected his hearing. He was 28 years old, and at the peak of his fame. And he was losing his hearing.

About 1800 he experienced the first signs of deafness. Although he did not become completely deaf till his last years, the awareness of his deteriorating condition must have been a terrible torture. He became depressed and even suicidal. Essays! He wrote of his inner torment, and how only his music held him back from taking his own life. This experience of intense suffering, and the struggle to overcome it, suffuses his music and imbues it with a deeply human spirit. Beethoven as a young man. His personal life was never happy.

He had the habit of falling in love with the daughters (and wives) of his wealthy patrons – which always ended badly, with new fits of vacations, depression. After one such spell of depression he wrote: “ Art, and only art, has saved me! It seems to me impossible to leave this world without having given everything I have felt germinating within me .” At the beginning of 1801 he passed through a severe personal crisis. College Essays! According to the Heiligenstadt Testament , he was on essay comparing religions the verge of suicide. Having recovered from his depression, Beethoven threw himself with renewed vigour into the work of musical creation. A lesser man would have been destroyed by these blows. College Essays! But Beethoven turned his deafness – a crippling disability for wireless router paper anyone, but a catastrophe for a composer – to an advantage. His inner ear provided him with all that was necessary to compose great music. In the very year of his most devastating crisis (1802) he composed his great Eroica symphony. The dynamics of Beethoven's music were entirely new. Earlier composers wrote quiet parts and loud parts.

But the two were kept completely separate. In Beethoven, on essays the contrary, we pass rapidly from one to another. This music contains an inner tension, an essay vacations, unresolved contradiction which urgently demands resolution. It is the music of struggle . The sonata form is essays, a way of elaborating and easy, structuring musical matter. College! It is based on who has your life a dynamic vision of college, musical form and is dialectical in essence. The music develops through a series of opposing elements. By the end of the 18th century the essay sonata form dominated much of the music composed. Although it is copying, not new, the who has influenced life sonata form was developed and consolidated by copying essays Haydn and Mozart.

But in the compositions of the wireless router research 18th century we have only the copying college bare potential of the sonata form, not its true content. In part (but only in part) this is a question of technique. The form that Beethoven used was not new, but the way in which he used it was. The sonata form begins with a quick first movement, followed by a slower second movement, a third movement which is merrier in character (originally a minuet, later a scherzo , which literally means a joke), and ending, as it began, with a fast movement. Basically, the sonata form is based on the following line of influenced your essay, development: A-B-A. Copying College Essays! It returns to the beginning, but on gay marriage right essay a higher level. This is a purely dialectical concept: movement through contradiction, the negation of the negation. It is a kind of college, musical syllogism: exposition-development-recapitulation, or expressed in other terms: thesis-antithesis-synthesis.

This kind of development is present in each of the movements. Right Or Wrong! But there is also an overall development in copying college essays, which there are conflicting themes which are finally reconciled in a happy ending. In the final coda we return to easy on summer, the initial key, creating the sensation of a triumphal apotheosis. This form contains the germ of a profound idea, and has the potential for copying college essays serious development. It can also be expressed by a wide range of instrumental combinations: piano solo, piano and violin, string quartet, symphony.

The success of the thesis statement on the yellow sonata form was helped by the invention of a new musical instrument: the pianoforte. This was able to express the full dynamic of romanticism, whereas the organ and copying essays, harpsichord were restricted to play music written according to essay on your favorite place, the principles of polyphony and counterpoint. The development of the sonata form was already far advanced in the late 18 th century. It reached its high point in the symphonies of Mozart and Haydn, and in copying, one sense it could be argued that the symphonies of Beethoven are only a continuation of this tradition. But in reality, the formal identity conceals a fundamental difference. In its origins, the 5 paragraph essay on your favorite form of the sonata predominated over its real content. The classical composers of the 18th century were mainly concerned with getting the form right (though Mozart is an exception).

But with Beethoven, the real content of the essays sonata form finally emerges. His symphonies create an overwhelming sense of the process of struggle and development through contradictions. Here we have the most sublime example of the dialectical unity of form and content. This is the secret of all great art. Such heights have rarely been reached in the history of music. The symphonies of Beethoven represent a fundamental break with the past.

If the forms are superficially similar, the content and spirit of the music is thesis, radically different. With Beethoven - and the Romantics who followed in his footsteps - what is important is not the forms in copying college, themselves, the formal symmetry and inner equilibrium, but the content. Indeed, the equilibrium is 5 paragraph favorite place, frequently disturbed in college, Beethoven. There are many dissonances, reflecting inner conflict. In 1800 he wrote his first symphony, a work that still has its roots in the soil of Haydn. It is a sunny work, quite free from the spirit of conflict and struggle that characterises his later works. It really gives one no idea of what was to essay comparing, come. The Pathetique piano sonata (opus 13) is altogether different. It is copying essays, quite unlike the piano sonatas of on summer vacations, Haydn and Mozart.

Beethoven was influenced by Schiller's theory of tragedy and tragic art, which he saw not just as human suffering, but above all as a struggle to resist suffering, to essays, fight against it. The message is clearly expressed in the first movement, which opens with complex and dissonant sounds (listen). These mysterious chords soon give way to who has influenced, a central agitated passage which suggests this resistance to college essays, suffering. This inner conflict plays a key role in Beethoven's music and gives it a character completely different to that of easy essay on summer vacations, 18th century music. It is the voice of a new epoch: a thunderous voice that demands to be heard.

The question that must be posed is: how do we explain this striking difference? The short and easy answer is that this musical revolution is the product of the mind of a genius. Copying College! That is on your favorite place, correct. Probably Beethoven was the greatest musical genius of all time. But it is an answer that really answers nothing. Why did this entirely new musical language emerge precisely at this moment and not 100 years earlier? Why did it not occur to Mozart, Haydn, or, for that matter, to Bach? The sound world of Beethoven is not one composed of beautiful sounds, as was the music of Mozart and Haydn. It does not flatter the ear or send the listener away tapping his feet and whistling a pleasant tune. It is a rugged sound, a musical explosion, a musical revolution that accurately conveys the spirit of the times.

Here there is college, not only variety but conflict . Beethoven frequently uses the direction sforzando – which signifies attack. This is violent music, full of easy on summer, movement, rapidly shifting moods, conflict, contradiction. With Beethoven the sonata form advances to a qualitatively higher level. He transformed it from a mere form to a powerful and at the same time intimate expression of his innermost feelings. In some of his piano compositions he wrote the instruction: sonata, quasi una fantasia , indicating that he was looking for absolute freedom of expression through the medium of the sonata. Here the copying college dimension of the sonata is greatly expanded in comparison to its classical form. The tempi are more flexible, and even change place. Above all, the finale is no longer merely a recapitulation, but a real development and culmination of all that has gone before. When applied to his symphonies the sonata form as developed by Beethoven reaches an unheard-of level of sublimity and power.

The virile energy that propels his fifth and third symphonies is sufficient proof of gay marriage right essay, this. This is not music for copying college easy listening or entertainment. It is music that is designed to move, to shock and to inspire to influenced life, action. Copying College Essays! It is the voice of rebellion cast in music. This is no accident, for Beethoven’s revolution in music echoed a revolution in real life. Beethoven was a child of his age – the age of the French Revolution. He wrote most of his greatest work in the midst of revolution, and the spirit of revolution impregnates every note of it. Who Has Influenced Your! It is utterly impossible to understand him outside this context. Beethoven boldly swept aside all existing musical conventions, just as the French revolution cleaned out the Augean stables of the feudal past. His was a new kind of music, music that opened many doors for future composers, just as the French revolution opened the essays door to a new democratic society. Easy Essay! The inner secret of Beethoven’s music is the most intense conflict.

It is a conflict that rages in most of his music and reaches its most impressive heights in his last seven symphonies, beginning with the Third symphony, known as the Eroica . This was the real turning-point in copying, the musical evolution of Beethoven and also of the history of music in general. And the roots of this revolution in music must be found outside of music, in society and history. A decisive turning-point both in on summer, Beethoven's life and in the evolution of western music was the compsition of his third symphony (the Eroica ). Up till now, the musical language of the first and second symphonies did not depart substantially from the sound world of Mozart and Haydn. But from the very first notes of the Eroica we enter an entirely different world. The music has a political sub-text, the origin of which is well known. Beethoven was a musician, not a politician, and his knowledge of events in France was necessarily confused and college essays, incomplete, but his revolutionary instincts were unfailing and in the end always led him to the correct conclusions. He had heard reports of the rise of a young officer in the revolutionary army called Bonaparte.

Like many others, he formed the impression that Napoleon was the continuer of the revolution and defender of the rights of man. He therefore planned to dedicate his new symphony to Bonaparte. This was an error, but quite understandable. It was the same error that many people committed when they assumed that Stalin was the real heir of Lenin and statement on the wallpaper, the defender of the ideals of the October revolution. But slowly it became clear that his hero was departing from the ideals of the Revolution and consolidating a regime that aped some of the worst features of the old despotism. In 1799, Bonaparte's coup signified the definitive end of the period of revolutionary ascent. In August of 1802 Napoleon secured the consulate for life, with power to name his successor. An obsequious senate begged him to re-introduce hereditary rule “to defend public liberty and maintain equality”.

Thus, in the name of copying, “liberty” and “equality” the French people were invited to place their head in a noose. It is always the way with usurpers in every period in history. The emperor Augustus maintained the outward forms of the Roman Republic and publicly feigned a hypocritical deference to the Senate, while systematically subverting the republican constitution. Not long afterwards, his successor Caligula made his prize horse a senator, which was a far more realistic appraisal of the essay situation. Stalin, the leader of the political counter-revolution in Russia, proclaimed himself the faithful disciple of Lenin while trampling all the traditions of Leninism underfoot. Gradually the norms of proletarian soviet democracy and egalitarianism were replaced by inequality, bureaucratic and totalitarian rule. In the army, all the essays old rank and privileges abolished by the October revolution were reintroduced. On Your Favorite! The virtues of the Family were exalted.

Eventually, Stalin even discovered a role for the Orthodox Church, as a faithful servant of his regime. In all this, he was only treading a road that had already been traversed by Napoleon Bonaparte, the college essays gravedigger of the French Revolution. In order to find some kind of sanction and respectability for his dictatorship, Napoleon began to copy all the outward forms of the old regime: aristocratic titles, splendid uniforms, rank and, of wireless router paper, course, religion. The French revolution had practically wiped out the essays Catholic Church. The mass of the essay favorite people, except in the most backward areas like the Vendee, hated the Church, which they correctly identified with the rule of the old oppressors. Now Napoleon attempted to enlist the support of the copying essays Church for his regime, and signed a Concordat with the Pope. From afar, Beethoven followed the developments in France with growing alarm and wireless router paper, despondency. Already by 1802 Beethoven’s opinion of Napoleon was beginning to change. In a letter to a friend written in that year, he wrote indignantly: “ Everything is trying to slide back into the old rut after Napoleon signed the Concordat with the Pope .” But far worse was to come.

On May 18 1804 Napoleon became Emperor of the French. The coronation ceremony took place at the cathedral of Notre Dame on December 2 nd . As the Pope poured holy oil over the head of the usurper, all traces of the old Republican constitution were washed away. In place of the essays old austere Republican simplicity all the ostentatious splendour of the old monarchy reappeared to mock the memory of the essay comparing world Revolution for which so many brave men and women had sacrificed their lives. Copying! When Beethoven received news of these events he was beside himself with rage. He angrily crossed out his dedication to Napoleon in the score of his new symphony. The manuscript still exists, and we can see that he attacked the page with such violence that it has a hole torn through it. He then dedicated the symphony to an anonymous hero of the revolution: the Eroica symphony was born.

Beethoven’s orchestral works were already beginning to produce new sounds that had never been heard before. They shocked the Viennese public, used to the genteel tunes of Haydn and Mozart. Yet Beethoven’s first two symphonies, though very fine, still look back to the relaxed, easy-going aristocratic world of the 18 th century, the world as it was before it was shattered in 1789. The Eroica represents a tremendous breakthrough, a great leap forward for music, a real revolution. Sounds like these had never been heard before. The unfortunate musicians who had to play this for the first time must have been shocked and completely bewildered.

The Eroica caused a sensation. Up till then, a symphony was supposed to last at most half an hour. The first movement of the Eroica lasted as long as an entire sypmphony of the 18th century. And it was a work with a message: a work with something to say. The dissonances and violence of the first movement are clearly a call to struggle. Wireless Research Paper! That this means a revolutionary struggle is clear from the original dedication. Essays! Trotsky once observed that revolutions are voluble affairs. The French Revolution was characterised by its oratory. Here were truly great mass orators: Danton, Saint-Just, Robespierre, and even Mirabeau before them. When these men spoke, they did not just address an audience: they were speaking to wireless research paper, posterity, to history.

Hence the rhetorical character of their speeches. They did not speak, they declaimed. Their speeches would begin with a striking phrase, which would immediately present a central theme which would then be developed in different ways, before making an emphatic re-appearance at the end. It is just the same with the Eroica symphony. It does not speak, it declaims. The first movement of this symphony opens with two dissonant chords that resemble a man striking his fist on a table, demanding our attention, just like an impassioned orator in a revolutionary assembly. Beethoven then launches into a kind of musical cavalry charge, a tremendously impetuous forward thrust that is interrupted by clashes, conflict and struggle, and even momentarily halted by moments of copying essays, sheer exhaustion, only to resume its triumphant forward march (listen).

In this movement we are in the thick of the router paper Revolution itself, with all its ebbs and flows, its victories and defeats, its triumphs and its despairs. It is the college French Revolution in who has influenced your essay, music. Copying Essays! The second movement is a funeral march – in memory of a hero. It is research paper, a massive piece of work, as weighty and solid as granite (listen). The slow, sad tread of the funeral march is interrupted by a section that recaptures the glories and triumphs of one who has given his life for the revolution (listen).

The central passage creates a massive sound edifice that creates a sensation of unbearable grief, before finally returning to the central theme of the funeral march. This is one of the greatest moments in the music of college, Beethoven – or any music. The final movement is in an entirely different spirit. The symphony ends on a note of supreme optimism. After all the defeats, setbacks and disappointments, Beethoven is saying to us: “ Yes, my friend, we have suffered a grievous loss, but we must turn the page and paper, open a new chapter.

The human spirit is strong enough to rise above all defeats and continue the struggle. And we must learn to laugh at essays, adversity .” Like the great French revolutionaries, Beethoven was convinced that he was writing for posterity. When (as frequently happened) musicians complained that they could not play his music because it was too difficult, he used to answer: Don't worry, this is music for the future . Beethoven's revolution in music was not understood by many of his contemporaries. They regarded this music as bizarre, hair-brained, even crazy. It jolted the philistines out of their comfortable reveries.

Audiences resented it precisely because it compelled them to think what the music was about. Instead of pleasant and easy tunes, Beethoven confronted the listener with meaningful themes, with ideas conveyed in music . Paper! This tremendous innovation later became the basis of all Romantic music, culminating in the Leitmotifs of Wagner's vast musical dramas. Essays! The basis of all subsequent developments is Beethoven. Of course, there is comparing world, no shortage of great lyrical moments in copying college essays, Beethoven, as in the Sixth ( Pastorale ) symphony and the third movement of the Ninth. Even in the fiercest of battles there are moments of lull, but the lull never lasts long and is only the prelude to new periods of struggle. Such is the real significance of the slow movements in Beethoven. Router Paper! They are truly sublime moments, but they have no independent significance, separate and apart from the struggle. Beethoven's themes mean something.

Of course, this is copying, not superficial programme music. The nearest thing to a descriptive programme is the Sixth Symphony, the Pastorale , where each movement is prefaced by a note that conveys a particular mood or setting (Pleasant feelings on easy arriving in the countryside; By the brook; Shephards' merrymaking and storm etc.). But this is an exception. The meaning of these themes is more abstract and general. Copying College! Yet the comparing world implications are clear.

A revolutionary spirit moves every bar of Beethoven's symphonies, especially the Fifth. The celebrated opening bars of this work (listen) have been compared to Fate knocking at the door. These hammer blows are perhaps the most striking opening of any musical work in history. The conductor Nikolaus Harnancourt, whose recorded cycle of the Beethoven symphonies has been widely acclaimed, has said of this symphony: This is not music; it is political agitation. It is saying to copying essays, us: the world we have is no good. 5 Paragraph On Your Favorite Place! Let us change it! Let's go! Another famous conductor and musicologist, John Elliot Gardener, has discovered that all the copying essays main themes in this symphony are based on French revolutionary songs. This is the first symphony to 5 paragraph on your favorite place, trace in a systematic manner the progress from the minor to the major key. Although this transition had been done before, the irresistible development from minor to major, its dialectical development, has no precedents. Like the essays revolution itself, the struggle that unfolds in the development of Beethoven's Fifth passes through a whole series of phases: from a tremendous forward thrust that sweeps all before it to moments of indecision and despair, leading up to the last movement with its glorious blaze of triumph.

The central message of Beethoven's Fifth is struggle and easy essay on summer, triumph over all the odds. As we have seen, the roots of this symphony are once more firmly in the French Revolution. Yet its message does not depend on this, or any other association. It can communicate itself to many people in different circumstances. But the message is essays, always the same: it is necessary to fight! Never surrender! In the end we will surely win! The Germans who listened to it in Beethoven's lifetime derived inspiration to fight against the French occupiers of their native land.

During the Second World War, the opening bars of the or wrong Fifth (which by coincidence are the copying college musical equivalent of the gay marriage right essay Morse code signal for V - meaning victory) were used to copying college, rally the French people to fight the German occupiers. Thus, great music speaks to us down the centuries, long after its true origins have been lost in 5 paragraph on your place, the mists of time. Beethoven was a revolutionary in every sense of the word. The kind of music he wrote had never been heard before. Prior to this, music was mainly an aristocratic affair. Josef Haydn (whose father was a simple wheelwright) worked for copying college the Esterhazy family for over thirty years.

His music was designed mainly to please his aristocratic audiences. It is great music, without doubt, but also undemanding. Beethoven’s symphonies are another world. Beethoven's only opera Fidelio was originally born as Leonora , with a woman as the central figure. Leonora was written in comparing world, 1805 when the victorious French army had entered Vienna. On the first night most of the audience was made up of French officers and their ladies.

Like the Eroica , it also has clear revolutionary overtones, especially in the famous prisoners' chorus. The political prisoners who slowly emerge from the darkness of their dungeon into the light of copying, day sing a moving chorus: Oh what joy to breathe free air. This is a veritable ode to Freedom, a constant element in Beethoven's thought and work. Likewise, the incidental music to the play Egmont, based on 5 paragraph the events of the revolt of the Netherlands against Spanish rule, has an explicit revolutionary message. The historical Egmont was a Flemish nobleman in the 16 th century, that terrible period when the Netherlands languished under the heel of copying, Spanish despotism. A gifted and courageous soldier, Egmont fought on the Spanish side in the wars of Charles V, and was even made governor of Flanders by the Spanish. But despite his services to the Spanish Crown, he fell under suspicion and was beheaded in on your favorite, Brussels on June 5, 1568. Beethoven learned the copying essays story of Egmont from the tragedy of who has life, that name written by copying essays Goethe in 1788, one year before the French Revolution. Easy Essay Vacations! Here the man whose statue now stands in Brussels is presented as a hero of the war of copying college, national liberation of the Netherlands against the Spanish oppressors. Beethoven set Goethe’s play to music.

He saw Egmont as a symbol of the revolutionary struggle against tyranny at all times and in every country. By placing the action in wireless, the 16 th century, he could avoid the copying college accusation of subversion, but subversive it was. Today only the famous Egmont Overture is well known. This is right essay, a pity because Beethoven’s Incidental Music to Egmont contains other marvellous material. Copying! Egmont’s final speech, as he goes calmly to his death, is a veritable denunciation of tyranny and a courageous call to the people to revolt and, if necessary, to give their lives to gay marriage right essay, the cause of freedom. It ends with the following lines: Forward, good people! The goddess. of victory leads you. And as the sea. breaks through your dikes, so. crush, tear down tyranny's. ramparts, and copying college, sweep them, drowning, from the ground. Your Life Essay! which they usurp.

Listen, listen! How often this sound. would call me to step out eagerly. Copying! towards the field of battle and. victory! How lightheartedly did. the comrades stride on their. perilous way! I too will step. from this dungeon towards an honourable. death: I die for the freedom which I. have lived and fought for, and to which I. Thesis On The! now offer myself up as sorrowful victim.

Yes, rally them all! Close your ranks, you do not. frighten me. I am used to. standing betwixt spears, and, beset by imminent death, to feel my courageous life blood. Copying Essays! coursing twice as quickly through my veins. Friends, pluck up courage! Behind you. Essay On Summer Vacations! are your parents, your wives, your children. But these people are driven on by their ruler's. empty words, not by their own inclination. Friends, defend what is yours! and. fall gladly to save those you love most, and follow as I lead. These words are followed by the Victory Symphony , which ends the work in college, a blaze of fire (listen). But how can one end a tragedy on such a note?

How can one speak of victory when the leader of the rebellion has been executed? This little detail tells us all we need to on the wallpaper, know about Beethoven’s outlook. Here we have a stubborn and incorrigible optimist, a man who refuses to admit defeat, a man with a boundless confidence in the future of humanity. In this marvellous music he is saying to us: no matter how many defeats we suffer, no matter how many heroes perish, no matter how many times we are thrown to the ground, we will always arise again! You can never defeat us!

For you can never conquer our minds and souls. This music expresses the undying spirit of revolution. Napoleon's retreat from Moscow. Beethoven’s revolutionary optimism was about to copying essays, experience its most serious test. Router Research! Despite the fact that Napoleon had restored all the outward forms of the copying college essays Ancien Regime , the fear and loathing for Napoleonic France in monarchist Europe was no less than before. The crowned heads of Europe feared the who has influenced revolution even in the degenerate, twisted form of copying, Bonapartism, just as later they feared and thesis on the, hated Stalin’s bureaucratic caricature of October. They conspired against it, launched attacks on it, tried by every means to strangle and suffocate it. The advance of Napoleon’s armies on every front gave a material content to these feelings of alarm.

The reactionary monarchist regimes of Europe, led by England with its limitless supplies of gold, exerted every nerve and sinew to confront the threat from France. We enter into a convulsive period of war, foreign conquest and national liberation struggles, which, with ebbs and flows, lasted more than a decade. Napoleon’s Grande Armee conquered almost the whole of Continental Europe before finally suffering a serious defeat in the frozen wastes of Russia in 1812. Weakened by this heavy blow, Napoleon was finally defeated by copying college an Anglo-Prussian force on the muddy fields of Waterloo. For Beethoven the year 1815 was marked by two disasters: one on the world stage, the other of a personal character: the defeat of France at Waterloo and the death of the composer’s beloved brother Kasper. Deeply affected by the loss of his brother, Beethoven insisted on taking charge of the upbringing of his son, Karl. This led to a long and bitter wrangle with Karl’s mother over 5 paragraph favorite place custody. The Congress of Vienna.

The period after 1815 was one of black reaction. Monarchist-feudal counter-revolution triumphed all along the line. The Congress of Vienna (1814-15) reinstated the rule of the Bourbons in France. Metternich and the Tsar of Russia launched a veritable crusade to overthrow progressive regimes everywhere. Revolutionaries, liberals and progressives were hunted down, imprisoned and executed. A reactionary ideology based on religion and the monarchist principle was imposed. Monarchist Austria and college essays, Prussia dominated Europe, backed up by the bayonets of easy on summer, tsarist Russia.

It is true that the college essays war against France contained elements of a war of national liberation in countries like Germany. But the outcome was entirely reactionary. The clearest case of this was Spain. Right Or Wrong Essay! Foreign rule was overthrown by a national movement, the main component of which was the copying college essays dark masses - a downtrodden and illiterate peasantry, under the influence of a fanatical and reactionary clergy. Under the reign of Fernando VII, reaction reigned in easy essay on summer, Spain, where the copying experiment with a liberal constitution was crushed underfoot. Goya: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid (1814) The magnificent, tortured paintings of Goya’s last years reflect the essence of this turbulent period. Goya's paintings and etchings are a graphic reflection of the world he saw around him. Like the music of wireless research, Beethoven, these paintings are more than art. They are a political statement. They are an angry protest against the prevailing spirit of reaction and obscurantism.

As if to college essays, underline his protest, Goya chose the road of voluntary self-exile from the repressive regime of the traitor king Fernando VII, his old protector. Goya was not alone in his hatred of the Spanish monarch - Beethoven refused to your life essay, send him his works. By 1814 - the date of the Congress of college, Vienna - Beethoven was at the pinnacle of his career. On The! But the copying gathering reaction throughout Europe which buried the essay on your place hopes of a generation had a dampening effect on Beethoven's spirit. In 1812, when Napoleon’s army was halted at the gates of Moscow, Beethoven was working on his Seventh and Eighth symphonies. Then, after 1815, silence. Essays! He wrote no more symphonies for almost a decade, when he wrote his last, and essay on summer, greatest symphony. Copying! The final defeat of what remained of the on the yellow French Revolution buried all hopes and suffocated the creative drive. The years 1815-1820 saw a sharp decline in Beethoven’s output when compared to the tremendous outpouring of music in the previous period.

Only six works of copying essays, note were produced in as many years. They include the song cycle An der fernte Geliebte (To the distant loved one), the last sonatas for cello and piano, the opus 101 piano sonatas and the great Hammerklavier sonata, a work full of inner contradictions and discord, possibly reflecting the discord in his personal life. He was now profoundly deaf. We read heartbreaking stories of his struggle to hear something of his own compositions. These have an increasingly contemplative and introverted, philosophical character. The slow movement of the Hammerklavier sonata, for instance, is thesis statement on the wallpaper, openly tragic, reflecting a sense of acceptance. Copying College! Beethoven’s deafness condemned him to an agonising solitude, made worse by frequent periods of material want. He became ever more introverted, moody and suspicious, which only served to isolate him still more from other people. After the death of his brother he developed an obsession with his nephew Karl and became convinced that he should be in essay comparing world religions, charge of the boy’s upbringing. He used all his influence to get custody over college his nephew and then denied Karl’s mother access to her son. Lacking any experience of parenthood, he treated Karl with excessive harshness and rigidity.

This eventually led Karl to statement yellow, attempt suicide – a devastating blow for Beethoven. Later they became reconciled, but the copying college whole business led only to great unhappiness and pain for everyone concerned. What was the comparing religions reason for this strange obsession? Despite his passionate nature, Beethoven never succeeded in forming a satisfactory relationship with a woman and had no children of his own. College Essays! All his emotions were poured into his music. Who Has Life Essay! This was to the eternal benefit of college essays, humanity, but it undoubtedly left a void in your, Beethoven’s personal life. No longer a young man, deaf, lonely and facing the shipwreck of all his hopes, he was desperately seeking to college, fill the who has influenced your life void in his soul.

Thwarted in the political sphere, Beethoven threw himself into college what he imagined was the family life he had never had. This kind of situation is well known to revolutionaries. Whereas in times of revolutionary upsurge, personal and family matters seem to pale into insignificance, in periods of who has influenced your life essay, reaction, such things assume a far greater significance, inducing some people to drop out of the movement and to seek refuge in the bosom of the family. It is true that this affair does not show Beethoven in the best light, and some small-minded people have tried to use the college essays Karl episode to blacken Beethoven’s name. Such accusations bring to mind Hegel’s remark that no man is a hero to his valet, who sees all the faults of his personal life, his eccentricities and vices. But as Hegel comments, the wallpaper valet may criticise these failings. Copying Essays! His range of vision does not see any further than such trivial matters and that explains why he will only essay world ever be a valet and not a great man. For all his failings (and failings are inevitable to all humans), Beethoven was one of the greatest men who ever lived. Despite everything, in copying, this long, dark night of reaction, Beethoven never lost faith in the future of favorite, humanity and in the revolution. It has now become commonplace to copying college, refer to his great humanitarianism.

This is correct as far as it goes but it does not go far enough. It places Beethoven on wireless router research the same level as parsons, pacifists and well-meaning old ladies who dedicate their spare time to “worthy causes”. That is to say, it places a giant on the same level as a pygmy. Beethoven as an old man. Beethoven’s outlook was not just a vague humanitarianism which wishes the world were a better place but never gets beyond impotent hand-wringing and copying college essays, pious good intentions. Gay Marriage Or Wrong! Beethoven was not a bourgeois humanist but a militant republican and an ardent supporter of the French Revolution. He was not prepared to surrender to the prevailing reaction or to compromise with the status quo. College! This uncompromising revolutionary spirit never left him to the end of his days.

There was iron in this man’s soul which sustained him through all the trials and tribulations of life. His deafness lasted for the last nine years of his life. One by one he had lost his most trusted friends and was utterly alone. In this desperate solitude, Beethoven was reduced to communicating to people in writing. He neglected his appearance even more than before, and gave the appearance of a tramp when he went out.

Yet even in wireless, such tragic circumstances, he was working on his greatest masterpieces. Like Goya in college essays, his black period, he was now composing not for the public but for himself, finding expression for his innermost thoughts. The music of his last years is the product of the 5 paragraph on your favorite place maturity of old age. It is not beautiful music but very profound. Essays! It transcends Romanticism and paper, points the way forward to the tortured world of our own times. Far from being popular at this time, Beethoven’s works were profoundly unfashionable. They were against the spirit of the copying college essays times.

In times of reaction, the research paper public does not want profound ideas. Thus, after the defeat of the copying college Paris Commune, the frivolous light operettas of Offenbach were all the rage. Easy On Summer Vacations! The bourgeoisie of Paris did not want to be reminded of storm and stress but to drink champagne and watch the antics of pretty chorus girls. The merry but superficial tunes of Offenbach reflected this spirit perfectly. College! In this period Beethoven wrote the Missa Solemnis , the Grosse Fuge and the late string quartets (1824-6), music far ahead of its time. This music delves far deeper into the depths of the human soul than almost any other musical composition.

Yet so extraordinarily original was this music that many people actually took it to mean that Beethoven had gone mad. Beethoven paid absolutely no attention to all this. He cared nothing for public opinion and was never discreet in expressing his views. This was dangerous. Only his status as a famous composer kept him out of prison.

We should bear in mind that at this time Austria was one of the main centres of European reaction. Not only world politics but also cultural life was suffocated. The emperor’s police spies were on every street corner. College Essays! The censorship kept a vigilant eye on all activities that could be considered even mildly subversive. Under such circumstances, the essay respectable Viennese bourgeois did not want to listen to music intended to rouse them to struggle for a better world. They preferred to have their ears gently tickled by copying college essays the comic operas of thesis on the yellow wallpaper, Rossini – the composer of the hour. By contrast, Beethoven’s great Missa Solemnis was a flop. The torment in the great man’s soul found its reflection in that strange composition known as the college essays Grosse Fuge . It is intensely personal music that undoubtedly tells us a lot about Beethoven’s state of mind at this time (listen) . Religions! Here we are in the presence of a world of college essays, conflict, dissonance and unresolved contradictions. It was not what the public wanted to hear.

Beethoven had long been considering the idea of a choral symphony, and took as his text from on your favorite place, Schiller's Ode to Joy , which he had known since 1792. In fact, Schiller had originally considered an Ode to copying essays, Freedom (Freiheit), but because of the enormous pressure of the reactionary forces, he changed the word to Joy (Freude). However, for Beethoven and his generation the message was quite clear. This was an Ode to yellow wallpaper, Freedom . The first sketch for the Ninth symphony dates back to 1816, one year after the battle of Waterloo. It was finished seven years later, in 1822-24, after the Philharmonic Society of college essays, London had offered the sum of 50 pounds for two symphonies. Instead they got this remarkable work which is much more than any two other symphonies ever written. World Religions! The Ninth symphony even today has lost none of copying college essays, its ability to shock and inspire. This work,which has been called The Marseillaise of Humanity , was first performed in Vienna on May 7, 1824. Thesis On The Wallpaper! In the essays midst of universal reaction, this music expresses the voice of revolutionary optimism.

It is the voice of a man who refuses to thesis statement, admit defeat, whose head remains unbowed in adversity. Its long first movement arises gradually out of nebulous chords, so indistinct that they seem to emerge out of copying college, darkness, like the primaeval chaos that was supposed to precede Creation. It is like a man saying: “Yes, we have passed through a dark night when all seemed hopeless, but the human spirit is capable of 5 paragraph on your favorite place, emerging triumphant from the darkest night.” There follows the most amazing music full of dynamic change, forward movement, constantly checked by contradiction, but inexorably advancing. It is like the first movement of the copying Fifth, but on an infinitely bigger scale. Like the Fifth, this is violent music, and it is revolutionary violence that tolerates no opposition, but sweeps everything before it. It denotes struggle that succeeds against incredible odds, leading to ultimate triumph. Such music had never been heard before. Essay On Your! It was something entirely new and revolutionary.

It is impossible today to college essays, comprehend the impact it must have made on the audience. The final theme which pours out at the end like a burst of radiant sunshine through the clouds is, in fact, heard throughout the symphony in a variety of subtle disguises (listen). Your! The message of the final, choral, movement is copying college, unambiguous: All men shall be brothers! This is Beethoven's final message to humanity. Wireless Router Research! It is a message of hope - and defiance. Beethoven, old, dishevelled, unkempt and completely deaf, conducted the symphony. He was unable even to keep time correctly, waving his arms furiously in the air, even after the orchestra had stopped playing. When the last note died away, he could not even hear the wild applause that greeted his work.

The great man stood facing the orchestra for a few moments. Then the contralto Karoline Unger gently took him by the shoulders and turned him round to face the public. Such was its impact on the audience that they gave the composer no fewer than five ovations. Essays! So great was the tumult that the who has essay Vienna police – ever on the lookout for manifestations of dangerous public demonstrations – finally had to intervene to stop it. After all, three ovations was considered the limit even for the emperor.

Would such a demonstration of enthusiasm not be considered an offence to His Majesty? The instinctive reaction of the police was not mistaken. There is indeed something profoundly subversive in the Ninth, from the first bar to the last. Essays! The Ninth symphony was a success, but it made no money. Comparing Religions! Beethoven was now in copying college, financial difficulties and his health was deteriorating. He caught pneumonia and had to undergo an operation.

The wound became infected and world religions, his last days were spent in agony. Beethoven died in Vienna on March 27, 1827, at the age of only 56, his health undermined, and his personal life dogged by tragedy. Goya, who was also deaf, died in the same year. 25,000 people turned out for his funeral - a fact which shows the extent to copying college, which his genius had been recognised in his lifetime. Yet he remains alive today, as vibrant and relevant as ever. As was the man, so was his music. In his music we feel we have the essay whole man. We feel that we have known and copying college essays, loved him all our lives. Beethoven's greatness consists in your, the fact that in his music the individual is at copying, one with the universal.

This is music which constantly suggests a struggle to influenced your, overcome all obstacles and rise to a higher state. His music was revolutionary because in its searing intensity, it cast light on aspects of the human condition never before expressed in music. Copying College! It was truth expressed in music. The Ninth symphony was Beethoven’s last word – a fearless challenge to the apparently triumphant reaction that seemed to be all-powerful after the easy essay vacations defeat of the French armies in copying essays, 1815. That apparently final victory of the forces of reaction led to a wave of despondency and defeatism that suffocated the hopes of the generation that looked for salvation to the French Revolution. Many former revolutionaries fell into despair, and more than one went over to the side of the enemy. It is a very familiar picture to our own generation, with uncanny parallels to the situation that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Then also it seemed that Europe lay prostrate at the feet of royalist reaction. Who could stand against such a power as the united monarchical powers of Europe, with the might of the Russian Tsar behind every throne and who has your essay, police spies on every street corner? Despotism and religious obscurantism were triumphant. Everywhere there was silence as of the grave. And yet, in the midst of this terrible desolation, a brave man raised his voice and gave the world a message of hope. He himself never heard this message, except inside his head, where it was born.

But the defeat of France and the re-imposition of the Bourbons could not prevent the rise of capitalism and the bourgeoisie, nor halt the tide of revolution, which broke out again and again: in 1830, 1848, 1871. The system of production which had triumphed in England now began to penetrate other European countries. Industry, the power loom, the railways, the copying steamship, were the motor forces of universal and 5 paragraph favorite place, irresistible change. The ideas of the French Revolution – the ideas of liberty, equality, fraternity, and the rights of man – continued to grip the imagination of the new generation. College Essays! But increasingly the old revolutionary ideas were filled with a new class content. The rise of capitalism meant the development of industry and the working class – the bearer of statement on the yellow, a new idea and a new stage in human history – socialism. The music of copying college, Beethoven was the router research starting point for a new school of music, Romanticism, which was inextricably linked to Revolution. In April 1849, in the heat of revolution in Germany, the young composer Richard Wagner conducted Beethoven’s Ninth symphony in Dresden. In the audience was the copying college essays Russian anarchist, Bakunin, whose ideas influenced Wagner in his youth. Enthused by the music, Bakunin told Wagner that if there was anything worth saving from the ruins of the who has influenced life essay old world, this score would be it.

Just ninety years after the death of essays, Beethoven the Russian Tsar was himself overthrown by the working class. The October Revolution was to on the, play a role similar to college essays, that of the French Revolution. Easy Vacations! It inspired generations of men and women with a vision of a new and better world. True, the copying college essays Russian Revolution degenerated, under conditions of frightful backwardness, into a monstrous caricature that Trotsky, using an historical analogy with the French Revolution, characterised as proletarian Bonapartism. And just as Napoleon’s dictatorship undermined the French Revolution and led to the restoration of the Bourbons, so the Stalinist bureaucratic dictatorship in essay on your, Russia has led to the restoration of capitalism. Essays! Today, in a world dominated by wireless research the forces of triumphant reaction, we face a similar situation to that faced by Beethoven and his generation after 1815. Now, as then, many former revolutionaries have abandoned the struggle. We will not join the camp of the cynics and sceptics, but prefer to copying, follow the example of Ludwig van Beethoven. We will continue to proclaim the inevitability of the socialist revolution. And history will prove us right.

Those who predict the end of right essay, history have been proved wrong many times. History is not so easy to college, stop! Only three years after Beethoven’s death the French Bourbons were overthrown by the July Revolution. Statement Wallpaper! This was followed by college essays revolutions all over Europe in 1848-9. Then there was the Paris Commune of 1871, the first genuine workers’ revolution in history, which paved the way for the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. Therefore, we see no reason for pessimism.

The present world crisis confirms the Marxist analysis that the capitalist system is in a historical blind alley. We confidently predict that the collapse of the easy essay Soviet Union, far from being the end of history, is only the prelude to its first act. The second act will be the overthrow of capitalism in one country or another, which will prepare the way for a new revolutionary wave on copying college a scale never before seen in history. The decline of capitalism is not only expressed in economic and political terms. The impasse of the system is reflected not only in easy vacations, the stagnation of the productive forces but also in a general stagnation of culture. Yet, as always happens in history, beneath the surface new forces are struggling to be born.

These forces require a voice, an idea, a banner around which to gather and fight. That will come in time, and copying essays, when it does it will not only come in the shape of political programmes. It will find its expression in music and art, in novels and poetry, in the theatre and cinema. For Beethoven and Goya showed us long ago that art can be a weapon of the revolution. Like the wireless great French revolutionaries – Robespierre, Danton, Marat and Saint-Juste – Beethoven was convinced that he was writing for posterity. When (as frequently happened) musicians complained that they could not play his music because it was too difficult, he used to answer: Don't worry, this is copying, music for the future . We can say the same about the ideas of socialism. They represent the future, while the discredited ideas of the bourgeoisie represent the past. For those who find this difficult to understand, we say: don’t worry, the future will show who is right! In the future, when men and women look back on the history of revolutions and the repeated attempts to create a genuinely human society based on true freedom, equality and fraternity, they will remember the man who, using for his medium music that he could not hear, fought for a better tomorrow that he would never see. Essay On Summer! They will relive the great battles of the past and they will understand the language of Beethoven: the universal language of the fight for the establishment of a world fit for free men and women to live in.

First of May, 2006. [1] Beethoven was wrong about the Austrians. Two decades after his death, the copying college essays Austrian working class and youth rose up in the revolution of 1848.

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Samuel Taylor Coleridge Coleridge, Samuel Taylor - Essay. Samuel Taylor Coleridge 1772–1834. English poet, critic, essayist, dramatist, and journalist. See also, Kubla Khan Criticism . Coleridge is considered one of the most significant poets and copying essays critics in the English language. As a major figure in influenced life essay the English Romantic movement, he is best known for college three poems, The Rime of the wireless router research Ancient Mariner, Kubla Khan, and Christabel as well as one volume of criticism, Biographia Literaria; or, Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and essays Opinions.

While The Ancient Mariner, Kubla Khan, and favorite Christabel were poorly received during Coleridge's lifetime, they are now praised as classic examples of copying essays, imaginative poetry, illuminated by Coleridge's poetic theories, of which he said in the Biographia Literaria, My endeavors should be directed to persons and characters spiritual and supernatural, or at least romantic. Coleridge was born in Devon, the tenth child of John Coleridge, a vicar and schoolmaster, and his wife Ann Bowdon Coleridge. Gay Marriage Right Essay! At the age of ten his father died and the young Coleridge was sent to Christ's Hospital, a boarding school in London where he was befriended by fellow student Charles Lamb. Later, he was awarded a scholarship to Jesus College, Cambridge University, showing promise as a gifted writer and brilliant conversationalist. In 1794, before completing his degree, Coleridge went on a walking tour to Oxford where he met poet Robert Southey. Espousing the revolutionary concepts of liberty and equality for all individuals, and inspired by the initial events of the copying French Revolution, Coleridge and Southey collaborated on The Fall of Robespierre. An Historic Drama. As an router research paper outgrowth of their shared beliefs, they developed a plan for a pantisocracy, an egalitarian and self-sufficient agricultural system to be built in Pennsylvania. The pantisocratic philosophy required every member to essays, be married, and at Southey's urging, Coleridge wed Sarah Fricker, the sister of Southey's fiancee.

However, the match proved disastrous, and Coleridge's unhappy marriage was a source of grief to life essay, him throughout his life. To compound these difficulties, Southey later lost interest in the scheme, abandoning it in 1795. Coleridge's fortunes changed, though, when in 1796 he met the poet William Wordsworth, with whom he had corresponded casually for several years. College Essays! Their rapport was instantaneous, and easy vacations the next year Coleridge moved to Nether Stowey in copying the Lake District, the site of router research paper, their literary collaboration. Following the publication of Lyrical Ballads, with a few Other Poems, completed with Wordsworth, Coleridge traveled to Germany where he developed an college interest in the. German philosophers Immanuel Kant, Friedrich von Schelling, and brothers Friedrich and your essay August Wilhelm von Schlegel; he later introduced German aesthetic theories in England through his critical writing. Upon his return in 1799 Coleridge settled in Keswick near the Lake District, gaining, together with Wordsworth and Southey, the title Lake Poet. Copying! During this period, Coleridge suffered poor health and personal strife; his marriage was failing and easy on summer he had fallen in love with Wordsworth's sister-in-law Sarah Hutchinson—a love that was unrequited and a source of great pain. Copying College! He began taking opium as a remedy for his poor health and, seeking a more temperate climate to improve his morale, traveled to Italy. Upon his return to England Coleridge began a series of who has your, lectures on poetry and Shakespeare, which are now considered the basis of his reputation as a critic.

Because of Coleridge's abuse of opium and alcohol, his erratic behavior caused him to quarrel with Wordsworth, and he left Keswick to return to London. In the last years of his life Coleridge wrote the Biographia Literaria, considered his greatest critical writing, in copying which he developed aesthetic theories intended as the introduction to router, a great philosophical opus. Coleridge died in 1834 of complications stemming from his dependence on opium. The bulk of Coleridge's most admired work was composed between the years 1798 and 1800, his most prolific period of poetic output. Lyrical Ballads, which was published anonymously, includes the now-famous preface by Wordsworth, stating that the poems were written chiefly with a view to ascertain how far the language of conversation in the middle and lower classes is adapted to the purposes of copying, poetic pleasure. The collection also contains Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner in its original archaic form. The poem, a tale of wireless research, a seaman who kills an albatross, presents a variety of religious and supernatural images to depict a moving spiritual journey of doubt, renewal, and eventual redemption. Many of the poem's symbols have sparked radically different interpretations, and college several commentators consider it an thesis wallpaper allegorical record of Coleridge's own spiritual pilgrimage. Coleridge himself, however, commented that the poem's major fault consisted of the obtrusion of the moral sentiment so openly on copying college essays the reader…. It ought to have had no more moral than the Arabian Nights' tale of the merchant's sitting down to comparing religions, eat dates.

Coleridge's concern with religious themes is also evidenced in Kubla Khan, which was published with a note explaining the strange circumstances of its composition. He wrote that he fell asleep while reading an account of how the Chinese emperor Kubla Khan had ordered the building of a palace within a walled garden. Upon awakening, he claimed, he wrote down the several hundred lines he had composed in his sleep. Although Coleridge dismissed Kubla Khan as simply a psychological experiment, the essays poem is now regarded as a forerunner of the work of the Symbolists and Surrealists in its presentation of the paper unconscious. In Coleridge's other poetic fragment, Christabel, he combined exotic images with gothic romance to create an essays atmosphere of essay world, terror.

Like The Ancient Mariner, Christabel deals with the themes of evil and guilt in copying a setting pervaded by supernatural elements. Most critics now contend that Coleridge's inability to sustain the poem's eerie mood prevented him from router research paper, completing Christabel. In 1995 it was reported that a professor from college, University College in essay vacations Dublin discovered 300 previously unknown Coleridge poems which had been dispersed across five continents. Although critical estimation of Coleridge's work increased dramatically after his death, relatively little commentary was written on copying essays him until the turn of the century. Today, his problems of disorganization and fragmented writing are largely ignored, and most critics agree that his works constitute a seminal contribution to literature. Essay On Summer Vacations! While a few commentators have termed both Coleridge's criticism and stature overrated, the majority acknowledge his poetical talent and insight. Essays! Contemporary scholars now look to Coleridge as the intellectual center of the gay marriage right or wrong essay English Romantic movement. Access our Samuel Taylor.

Study Guide for Free. *Poems on Various Subjects [with Robert Southey and Charles Lamb] 1796. Ode on the Departing Year 1797. Fears in Solitude, Written in 1798 during the alarm of an invasion. To which are added, FRANCE, AN ODE; and FROST AT MIDNIGHT 1798. Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems [with William Wordsworth] 1798. Christabel; Kubla Khan, a Vision; The Pains of Sleep.

1816. Sibylline Leaves: A Collection of Poems 1817. The Poetical Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 3 vols. 1828. The Complete Poetical Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 2 vols. 1912.

Other Major Works. The Fall of Robespierre. An Historic Drama [with Robert Southey] (drama) 1794. Osorio (drama) 1797; revised as Remorse, A Tragedy, in Five Acts 1813. Wallenstein (translation; from the dramas Die piccolomini and Wallensteins Tod by Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller) 1800. The Statesman's Manual; or, The Bible the Best Guide to copying, Political Skill and Foresight: A Lay Sermon (essay) 1816. Biographia Literaria; or, Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions (essays) 1817. Zapolya: A Christmas Tale, in Two Parts (drama) 1817. Aids to Reflection in who has the Formation of a Manly Character on the Several Grounds of Prudence, Morality, and Religion: Illustrated by Select Passages from Our Elder Divines, Especially from copying college essays, Archbishop Leighton (essays) 1825. On the Constitution of Church and State, according to essay vacations, the Idea of Each: with Aids toward a Right Judgment on college the late Catholic Bill (essay) 1830.

Specimens of the Table Talk of the Late Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 2 vols, (conversations) 1835. The Literary Remains in Prose and Verse of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 4 vols, (poetry, drama, and essays) 1836-39. Notes and Lectures upon Shakespeare and Some of the Old Poets and Dramatists With Other Literary Remains (lectures) 1849. The Complete Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Essay Favorite! 7 vols, (poetry, drama, essays, and translations) 1853. Collected Letters of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 6 vols, (letters) 1956-71. The Notebooks of copying college essays, Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

4 vols, (notebooks) 1957-73. The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 13 vols. (poetry, drama, essays, translations, and lectures) 1969- *This work was revised and enlarged as Poems in 1797 and revised again in 1803. John Livingston Lowes (essay date 1927) SOURCE: The Road to research paper, Xanadu: A Study in copying the Ways of the Imagination, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1927, pp. 240-307.

[The Road to Xanadu is thesis statement yellow wallpaper, considered the foundation of serious modern study of Coleridge's poetry. In the following excerpt, the critic confirms the poet's own assessment of The Ancient Mariner as a work of pure imagination. Lowes regards the college essays moral of the poem not as an intentional, didactic message but as one element in a work unified by influenced your, Coleridge's constructive imagination. ] 'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner' is 'a work of pure imagination,' and copying essays Coleridge himself has so referred to it. And this study, far from undermining that declaration, is lending it. (The entire section is 3805 words.) Get Free Access to this Samuel Taylor Coleridge Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades.

Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on who has your life essay your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for copying college essays free. Elisabeth Schneider (essay date 1953) SOURCE: Coleridge, Opium, and Kubla Khan, The University of Chicago Press, 1953, pp.

238-88. [ Schneider's study is considered by who has influenced life, many scholars one of the most important interpretations of Kubla Khan in the twentieth century. In the following excerpt, the critic considers the poem an incomplete fragment and discusses its form and texture, which evoke the college soul of ambivalence, oscillation's very self. ] Kubla Khan has been read with equal conviction as cosmic allegory and incantatory nonsense; and with reference to life, both meaning and essays form it has been described equally as a fragment and a perfectly rounded complete whole. It has been called the quintessential poem of. (The entire section is 3464 words.)

Get Free Access to this Samuel Taylor Coleridge Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to favorite, unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: The Meaning of essays, 'Kubla Khan', in easy vacations A Review of English Literature, Vol. 2, 1961, pp. 21-9. [ Australian-born Watson is a distinguished critic, editor, and lecturer of English at copying college essays Cambridge University. He is the author of right essay, numerous studies of English Medieval, Renaissance, and Victorian literature and political history. In the following essay, Watson disputes interpretations of Kubla Khan as a dream poem; it is instead, he asserts, a lucid critique of the poetic imagination. ] We now know almost everything about Coleridge's 'Kubla Khan' except what the poem is essays, about.

E. H. Easy Essay On Summer Vacations! Coleridge, years ago, shrewdly corrected Coleridge's misdating of his own poem to May 1798. (The entire section is 3183 words.) SOURCE: Coleridge: The Anxiety of Influence, in New Perspectives on Coleridge and Wordsworth: Selected Papers from the English Institute, edited by Geoffrey H. Hartman, Columbia University Press, 1972, pp. College Essays! 247-67. [ Bloom is one of the most prominent contemporary American critics and literary theorists. In The Anxiety of Influence (1973), he formulated a controversial theory of literary creation called revisionism. Influenced strongly by Freudian theory, Bloom believes that all poets are subject to the influence of earlier poets and that, to develop their own voices, they attempt to right or wrong, overcome this influence through a process of copying essays, misreading. By misreading, Bloom means a deliberate. (The entire section is 6176 words.) SOURCE: Coleridge's 'Hymn Before Sun-rise': Mont Blanc, Mon Frere, Mon Semblable, in Coleridge's Meditative Art, Cornell, 1975, pp. 144-72.

[ In the router following excerpt, Parker explores the college essays biographical, psychological, and textual influences at work in wireless research Hymn before Sun-rise in the Vale of Chamouni. ] [Dejection: An Ode, To William Wordsworth Composed on the Night after His Recitation of essays, a Poem on easy essay vacations the Growth of the Individual Mind, and Hymn Before Sun-rise in the Vale of Chamouni] in copying varying degrees of explicitness, derive from what by all odds was Coleridge's besetting preoccupation as a poet during the gay marriage right essay period of roughly ten years following his first major. (The entire section is 4200 words.) SOURCE: The Meaning of 'The Ancient Mariner', in Critical Inquiry, Vol. 8, No. 1, Autumn, 1981, pp.

35-67. [In the following excerpt, McGann argues that Coleridge's revisions of The Rime of the Ancient Mariner reflect the copying author's evolving theory of 5 paragraph favorite, literary criticism, which derived from Biblical analysis. According to McGann, the marginal glosses added to the 1817 version of the poem, in particular, create the effect of a work of great antiquity that has passed through various versions and redactions.] What does The Rime of the Ancient Mariner mean? This question, in one form or another, has been asked of the college essays poem from the beginning; indeed, so. (The entire section is 9887 words.) SOURCE: Coleridge's 'Dejection': Imagination, Joy, and the Power of Love, in Coleridge's Imagination: Essays in Memory of Pete Laver, Richard Gravil, Lucy Newlyn, Nicholas Roe, eds., Cambridge University Press, 1985, pp. 179–92. [ Barth is an American Catholic priest, professor of English, and critic who specializes in religious symbolism in Romantic literature. He is the author of Coleridge and Christian Doctrine (1969).

In the following essay, he interprets Dejection: An Ode to be about love, … imagination and joy—for the three are inextricably bound together—and the power of art. Gay Marriage Right! ] Poetic origins are often obscure, as witness the genesis of. (The entire section is copying, 5363 words.) SOURCE: Coleridge's 'Kubla Khan': A Metaphor for the Creative Process, in South Atlantic Review, Vol. 51, No. 4, November, 1986, pp.

17-29. [ In the following essay, Milne provides an analysis of the symbolism in Kubla Khan and postulates that Xanadu is a metaphor of the right or wrong essay human mind. ] Although debate continues over whether or not the head-note Coleridge published with Kubla Khan in copying college essays 1816 should be regarded as a factual account of the poem's origin, recent studies have suggested that regardless of its basis in fact the headnote serves most importantly as what Warren Stevenson calls [in his 'Kubla Khan' as Symbol, in essay on summer vacations Texas Studies in. (The entire section is 4671 words.) SOURCE: Natural Symbolism and the Conversation Poems, in The Singing of college, Mount Abora: Coleridge's Use of Biblical Imagery and Natural Symbolism in Poetry and yellow wallpaper Philosophy, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1987, pp. 29-42.

[ Piper is an Australian educator and critic. In the following essay, he discusses the nature symbolism and the expression of religious experience in the poetry Coleridge produced between 1795 and 1798. ] Coleridge's long inquiry for a religious faith that would satisfy him intellectually and copying morally began in Cambridge in 1794 and lasted all his life. There are two things to be kept in mind about essay this inquiry. In the first place Coleridge did not. (The entire section is 5548 words.)

SOURCE: The False Poets in 'Kubla Khan,' in English Language Notes, Vol. XXVI, No. 2, December, 1988, pp. 48-55. [ In the essay below, Hewitt identifies two distinctive themes present in Kubla Khan which reveal that the poem as a whole displays a dilemma: it shows that the two extant theories accounting for copying poetic composition fail to provide a sufficient explanation of easy essay, that phenomenon. ] Readers choosing to copying college, understand Kubla Khan as a comment on poetry may deem most concomitant interpretive issues settled some time ago by George Watson [in The meaning of 'Kubla Khan', in A Review in English Literature, 1961]: (The entire section is 2773 words.)

SOURCE: Coleridge's Divine Duplicity: Being a Concatenation of His Surrogates, Succedaneums, and Doppelgangers, in The Wordsworth Circle, Vol. XX, No. 2, Spring, 1989, pp. 74-8. [ In the following essay, Stevenson explores the theme of superimposed identity, or the double in several of Coleridge's poems. ] The name Samuel means name of God, and is thus a substitute for the unsayable.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who believed that an idea can be presented only by a symbol, saw art and hence language as a sweet succedaneum for ultimate reality. As the Canadian poet Irving Layton has observed in Waiting for thesis statement the Messiah (1986), it is not an accident that lyre. (The entire section is 4056 words.) SOURCE: Coleridge, the French Revolution, and 'The Ancient Mariner': Collective Guilt and Individual Salvation, in The Yearbook of English Studies, Vol. 19, 1989, pp. 197-207. [ In the copying essays following analysis of research, Coleridge's political poetry, Kitson opines that the The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is essentially a political poem revealing the internalization of a moral revolution that is a direct consequence of the college events of the French Revolution. ] S. Right Or Wrong! T. Coleridge's 'The Rime of Ancient Mariner' was written against the background of the collapse of the poet's hopes for the improvement of mankind by political action, the ultimate failure of the French Revolution to. (The entire section is 3565 words.)

SOURCE: The Politics of 'Frost at copying college essays Midnight', in statement on the wallpaper The Wordsworth Circle, Vol. XXII, No. 1, Winter, 1991, pp. 3-11. [ Magnuson is an American educator, critic, and editor.

In the following essay, adapted from a lecture delivered at the 1990 Coleridge Summer Conference at Cannington College, he examines Frost at Midnight in the context of the copying essays political climate and public discourse current at the time it was written. ] I would like to begin with a quotation, which I take to be representative of common opinion on Coleridge's Conversation Poems and his mystery poems. In his Clark Lectures, published in 1953, Humphry House remarked: It has been observed by. (The entire section is 7135 words.) SOURCE: The Lost Garden of Coleridge, in The Wordsworth Circle, Vol. XXII, No. 1, Winter, 1991, pp. 24-30. [ In the following essay, Luther analyzes the on the yellow ways in which The Garden of Boccaccio moves beyond the painting that is its ostensible subject to become a celebration of the creative process. ] In The Dark Night of Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1960) Marshall Suther praises The Garden of Boccaccio as Coleridge's version of 'Sailing to Byzantium'; and in Visions of Xanadu (1965) Suther goes so far as to call it the last real poem [Coleridge] wrote. George Watson even more resoundingly asserts that the copying college essays poem ought to be better known; it ought, in.

(The entire section is 4859 words.) SOURCE: 'The Raven: A Christmas Poem': Coleridge and vacations the Fairy Tale Controversy, in college Romanticism and Children's Literature in wireless research paper Nineteenth-Century England, edited by James Holt McGavran, Jr., The University of Georgia Press, 1991, pp. Copying College! 14-35. [In the following excerpt, Watson examines The Raven: A Christmas Tale as a tongue-in-cheek, yet serious argument on on summer Coleridge's side of the debate over the value of fairy tales.] The Other World of fairy tale was familiar ground for college Samuel Taylor Coleridge throughout his life. Easy Vacations! The intense fascination surrounding his earliest childhood reading of The Arabian Nights (which he read in copying college secret dread and 5 paragraph favorite delight) finds adult. (The entire section is 6999 words.)

Milton, Mary Lee Taylor. College! The Poetry of who has influenced life essay, Samuel Taylor Coleridge: An Annotated Bibliography of Criticism, 1935-1970. New York: Garland Publishing, 1981, 251 p. Includes an extended introduction that discusses major issues and trends in Coleridge criticism. Raysor, Thomas M.; Schulz, Max F.; and Wellek, Rene. Coleridge. In The English Romantic Poets: A Review of Research and Criticism, third revised edition, edited by Frank Jordan, pp. 135-258. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1972. Study of bibliographies and editions of Coleridge's. (The entire section is 1906 words.)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge Homework Help Questions. Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s The Rime of Ancient Mariner is a moral narrative poem that sends the readers complex messages, and this complexity mainly arises due to the rich symbolism. In the poem. Rime of the copying Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is a part of the collection Lyrical Ballads (1798), which he wrote together with William Wordsworth. 5 Paragraph Essay Place! A “ballad” is typically a poem/verse. Both Coleridge and Wordsworth believed that poetry could do one of two things, either make the reader sympathize with the truths presented in copying the words by consistently presenting nature in its. Comparing Wordsworth and Coleridge is a huge task, and I suggest you start a Discussion Group question with this to get as much information and thesis statement on the as many ideas as possible.

That said, I'll give you. The meter of Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem Dejection: An Ode is iambic pentameter, with variations of trimeter and tetrameter. Here follows an example of flawless metric variation as it moves.

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All you would need to do is spend some time and look for the right one. Projects That Increase Property Value Here’s Your Ultimate Guide. Are you searching for some affordable projects that increase property value? Of course, not only can property value boosting projects be a lot of essay fun to complete, but they can also be highly profitable as well so you’re certainly making a wise decision by college essays learning more about this subject. However, finding accurate information about projects that increase property value isn’t always easy, so in this guide, we are going to share several proven projects you can undertake that will make a noticeable difference.

While many people work on improving the rooms of wireless router research paper their home, it’s all too easy to neglect the copying essays garden but this can be one of your biggest leverage points when it comes to increasing your property value. On Your Place? Whats more, landscaping your garden can be incredibly simple and fun to do but it makes a big difference to the overall perception your home will have on a potential buyer. One of the college easiest ways to add some value to your property without spending too much cash is to simply knock through a nonstructural wall, and easy on summer, use this to increase the space of your rooms. Commonly, people choose to knock through the wall that joins the kitchen and living room together and this can be an excellent way to essays, add a real sense of increased space to a property. Not to mention the fact that having the right or wrong essay living room and kitchen connected in this way is currently very fashionable. There’s no denying that enjoying a luxurious bathroom is one of the small pleasures of life, and essays, many people secretly pay great attention to the quality of the bathroom when they are shopping for a new property to live in. Research? Fortunately, it doesn’t have to be too expensive to perform some much-needed upgrades in this area, and completing this project will make an excellent impression on any potential buyers. While the copying essays prospect of installing solar panels may seem daunting to some, the price can easily be managed thanks to the use of government grants which often pay a great deal of the initial installation price. To make the deal even better, solar panels will make the energy bills of a home considerably cheaper and in some cases, the energy company may even pay you back for the energy you don’t use! Even though very few people take the time to have these solar panels installed, virtually everybody appreciates owning them so doing this work before you sell a property is sure to boost the property value by a considerable margin. Most people would be surprised to think that the lighting inside a home can have an effect on the property value, but it certainly does.

Of course, almost anybody can appreciate the benefit of improved lighting, and these days there’s many options on the market, so its easy to religions, find something that will significantly boost the appeal of your home. Whether you decide to install a few dimmer switches, or even add some wonderful skylights, the world is your oyster when it comes to essays, upgrading your lighting. Hiring An Air Duct Cleaner? 5 Questions To Ask Them. A clean air duct system is an efficient way of thesis yellow saving energy as well as maintenance and repair costs. Your home’s air duct cleaning system should be cleaned once in copying three to wireless router research paper, five years. But, if dirt and debris get accumulated, it is better that the college vent cleaning happens earlier. Utilizing professional air duct cleaning services is one way of getting an assured and or wrong essay, proper vent cleaning service. But before you hire any of the air duct cleaning companies, it is very important to know more about the kind of services that they offer, their price package as well as other significant details. Here is a checklist of copying some important questions that you should ask your air duct cleaner before you finalize on essay one. Is your company a member of the National Air Duct Cleaners Association?

The standards and guidelines of the NADCA – National Air Duct Cleaners Association, are supposed to be followed by all air duct cleaning companies. It also requires that there should be a minimum number of certified Air Systems Cleaning Specialists in the company. Any home air duct cleaning services offered by a company should follow the guidelines in every process of the air duct cleaning at home. Here, cleaning includes complete cleaning of the copying college supply and return air ducts as well as maintenance of registers and grills along with sealing the access panel. How long have you been in business? Any credible references?

A reliable vent cleaning service company should have been in business for a good period of time. This reflects on the experience that it has and essay comparing world, how reputable it is. It should be able to provide the best of the cleaning services, according to essays, NADCA, and gay marriage or wrong, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards. The air duct cleaning company should also be in college essays a position to influenced, give some credible references, so that you can check out their work, before hiring them. College Essays? Customer satisfaction is an important thing and this certainly reflects on the testimonials that any company gets. When you ask a technician or an air duct cleaning company, this particular question, you should be able to router research, get a proper answer, wherein they explain the copying whole process that is involved in the cleaning of the air vents and ducts. Thesis Statement On The? They also should be in a position to tell about the various tools that they use. If they are unable to copying, answer this question satisfactorily, then you should think of looking at other better sources for thesis statement wallpaper cleaning your vents and air ducts. What is the equipment that you use?

Usage of copying college specialized tools helps in gay marriage right or wrong the proper and effective cleaning of the vents and ducts, resulting in copying college essays a good overall performance. Qualified and experienced professionals use specialized equipment so that ducts are cleaned thoroughly. Reliable cleaning services will be equipped with all types of tools such as powerful truck mounts, agitator whips etc. Get to thesis statement wallpaper, know beforehand, the time taken to clean up the entire air duct and vent system.Also, understand what all are included in the cleaning service offered by the company. Do It Yourself Roof Repair: What Are The Benefits? Your roof is the most important part of your home or other building. It keeps the space protected from weather, critters, and so much more. College Essays? Being such a crucial part of essay comparing a building, it is important to know as much about your roof as possible. Even if you don’t consider yourself the handy-man, or woman type, there are some do it yourself roof repair options that you should consider. When you do there are many benefits to you and your home.

Read on to learn more about college essays do it yourself roof repair. One major benefit of DIY roof repair is research paper that you can save money. While there are reasons to call in the professionals for roof repair or replacement, there are many repairs that the copying college DIYer can do themselves. This can save any homeowner a lot of money when they choose to do their repairs themselves. A common problem with a roof is that of missing or broken tiles, shingles, or slates. This can happen due to the natural wear and tear of the material, or possibly because of the weather, like a storm. Knowing how to repair your roof yourself allows you to thesis on the yellow, remove less than attractive shingles. It is quite common to essays, look up at your roof and see ugly shingles that have seen their better days. When you see this, being able to remove the easy on summer damaged shingle and replace it with a much more attractive option.

The method for replacing your roof covering depends on the type of copying college shingle, tile or slates that is currently on your roof. Basically, you will remove the damaged material with the proper tool. Then, you should inspect the material under the damage. Gay Marriage? If it looks good, you can then replace the damaged material with new shingles or tiles. If the underneath is damaged, too, it is best to repair that area, too.

If you don’t, the damage can spread to other areas and cause a costly problem. Another common issue is copying college essays leaking. This can be quite annoying and if not repaired quickly, it can cause additional problems. Professionals can fix this for you, but it can be quite costly. Right? If caught soon enough, you can fix the problem yourself. First, spot the problem. You can do this by getting on your roof and looking around. You may even need to look under the copying essays shingles or tiles. Once you find a hole, you can repair it.

This should stop the yellow leak. College? If it doesn’t, continue searching for the cause. As you can see, choosing to repair your roof yourself is a good choice in many different situations. You can save money and get your repairs done as soon as you are ready to do them instead of paying a professional and waiting for them to show up. Also, this gives you an opportunity to examine your roof while you are making the gay marriage or wrong repairs.

When you find that your roof needs some attention, don’t hesitate to attempt the repair yourself so you can save money.