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Pay for Performance Essay - 1733 …
Australian Resume Dispelling the Myths About The Australian Resume. Papers On Pay? Australian Resume , or Australian CV as they are often known, is an interesting term, and one which might often strike fear into listing essay, the heart of any new Australian Job seeker. Research On Pay? Let me let you into a teeny tiny secret though. It’s really not that different to other resumes used around the dr greg greek, world! In a couple weeks, I start my third job since arriving in Australia.
During my time here in Oz, I’ve also been fortunate enough to employee several people into for performance, positions within my team. As a result, I think it’s fair to say that I’ve reviewed my fair share of Australian Resume’s. The reason I’m writing this article is to try and dispel some of the myths or miss understandings about the Australian Resume. On undertaking a little research for this article, It seems in some instance the Australian Resume is portrayed as some kind of listing essay, mythical beast which is almost impossible to understand. (Unless you were born and bred within this wonderful country of research papers, course). There’s also lots of online resources offering to tell you the secrets behind the Australian resume (for a small fee) or provide you with Australian resume examples or templates (again for listing essay, a small fee) but as I’ve said, it’s really not that hard! Now I’m not going to use this this article to bash these resources. They each have their place and for some folks, the use of such resources may be a preferred approach. On Pay? I’d like to dissertation use this article however as means to settling the nerves of those of papers on pay, you who may be a little concerned about the creation of your Australian Resume. In the following paragraphs, we’ll take look at more to blame for the start cold war essay the basic structure of an Australian resume, we’ll also provide some general tips on pulling together a resume which will be right for you. Australian Resume – Format and Structure. Papers For Performance? In general, the structure of an Australian Resume will present the following information in the reader in the following order: Contact Details A career profile / summary of your key strengths.
Professional History Education and Training Professional Memberships Hobbies and Interests Referees. Listing Essay? We’ll go into each of these headings now in a little more detail: Centre your contact details at research on pay for performance the top of your resume. Include your name, address, phone number, mobile and email. Make sure your name and ap language and composition essays 2005 phone/email contacts are on each page just in case the pages get separated after being printed out in hard copy. On the topic of email addresses only use professional-sounding addresses. Emails used by research couples or zany nicknames like b#x65;#x65;r#x6d;#x6f;n#x73;#x74;o#x72;#x40;r#x61;#x6e;d#x6f;#x6d;m#x61;#x69;l#x2e;#x63;o#x6d; should be replaced with something more appropriate. Remember this is dr greg, a marketing document promoting you so use some variation of on pay for performance, your name. Summarising your strengths upfront. A Paper? You can do this two ways. For Performance? Either via a list of Key Strengths represented as dot points or by who was to blame start creating a section under a heading like Career Profile.
Based on my conversations with recruitment consultants, a Key Strengths area represented with dot points is the popular option. The aim of the section is to give the person reading your resume a quick snapshot of research papers on pay for performance, what you have to offer, so they place you in ap language essays 2005, the short list pile. High-level computer skills including Excel, Word and research for performance Powerpoint. Five years experience in customer service both face-to-face and phone based. And you fill in listing essay, the rest. As a guide, four to six points is papers on pay for performance, good, but there is no real rule, just make sure you save a few strength for the rest of communications dissertation, your resume. Research Papers On Pay? Career Overview, Career Profile, Career Objective or Career Summary? Many people start a resume with a Career Objective. I think this is fine for ap language and composition 2005, school leavers or recent university graduates, however, for papers on pay for performance, the rest of us, a Career Profile or Career Overview might be better. A Career Objective details what you expect an employer to do for you. Employers want to know what you are going to do for them.
If you really want to include it because you think it will work in your favour then do it at the end of the Career Profile or Career Overview. For example, #8220;While currently a product manager, my career goal is to move into general management#8221;. A Career Overview should provide the reader with a quick preview of what he or she will find in your resume. It is there to listing essay make sure they actually read through your resume, another ‘hook’ if you will.It should be a few sentences and papers on pay written as one paragraph. It should include a smattering of your professional, academic and industry training. Some personal attributes are optional. As stated, your career goal could serve as the last sentence. Results-oriented IT Professional with proven leadership skills. Ten years experience as an IT Operations Manager, plus five years as technical and need a paper by a expert desktop IT support in papers on pay for performance, an enterprise environment.
I have a proven track record of motivating teams to exceed service targets consistently. I#8217;ve recently completed a Masters in Business Administration and dr greg resume am now seeking a new professional challenge. Papers On Pay For Performance? Also, avoid airy, fairy statements. Listing Essay? If a sentence doesn#8217;t contain factual information, ditch it. As an research on pay, example, #8220;to utilise my skills in a professional environment for the mutual benefit of academic, myself and research papers for performance employer#8221;. Where is this sentence coming from? Is it stating the obvious? Does it tell the future employer anything?
Now onto the main body of your Australian Resume, your vocational or career history. Ap Language And Composition Essays 2005? Outline your career history in reverse chronological order (most recent job first) The structure to research on pay for performance follow for each role is: Job title Employer Start date and finish date Responsibilities major accomplishments / what you did. Provide your current job title as described in your contract of employment with your employer. Listing Essay? Should your new employer contact your old one for references, it helps if the two are aligned. When writing your Australian Resume, providing a description of your company may be appropriate. In some cases, the company might be largely unknown in Australia so providing a description can prove useful. Global organisations such as IBM, Google or Microsoft won’t need a description.
Organisations located in your home country only probably will so use your judgement in papers, this space. Who Was For The War Essay? People make the mistake of believing the more responsibilities listed, the better. Include only the research papers on pay, key things you were #8220;responsible#8221; (accountable) for. Don#8217;t list every single thing you did. I have seen CVs where people include: #8220;Attended a weekly team meeting#8221; So what? #8220;Chairing#8221; the weekly team meeting is a responsibility. Academic Paper Software? See the difference? For an Australian Resume, Three to six key achievements for your last two roles is a good number while 2 3 per for your more dated roles is research on pay, good.
Remember be specific. List the dr greg, things that you did where you went above and beyond the role you were paid to do. Items would include staff awards and special commendations. Research For Performance? Also ideas you put forward, scoped out or helped to implement that led to academic software a cost saving or an increase in revenue or delivered new clients or resulted in papers, higher levels of customer service or time efficiencies. The key here is results. Remember that just meeting a target is dr greg greek resume, not an papers on pay, achievement it#8217;s doing what you are paid to do. Exceeding a monthly goal is an achievement. Achievements show potential hirers what you are made of and what they can expect you will do for them.
Indent your achievements by greek one tab on your resume to make them stand out. Papers On Pay For Performance? For example. Recruited, trained and established a start-up team that was fully operational within a month one week ahead of schedule. Introduced technical efficiencies that resulted in an improved customer response time of 150 percent. Worked with the sales team to create new products and services that led to a 40 percent increase in our customer base in 2004-2005. Named Employee of the dr greg resume, Year 2004. Presenting you Education and Training within an Australian Resume is no different to research on pay for performance resumes’ elsewhere. Need A Paper By A Human? Start with your highest qualification first.
Unless you are fresh out of school, leave your secondary education out. Education and Training section can cover university, TAFE training, industry courses, in-house courses, and research papers on pay any other professional training. Include only those relevant to your career as well as an indication of how active you are in paper, the organisation. Birth date and papers marital status. Within Australia You are not legally obliged to include either detail within your Australian resume.
Including marital status in this day and age just looks plain weird to me. As for age, MANY recruiters advise against need a paper written by a human, it there is papers on pay, just too much age prejudice out there. If you think however that displaying your birth date within your Australian resume would be an advantage to paper writing you, then go ahead. Research Papers On Pay? References or Referees come at need written resources expert the end of on pay for performance, your Australian Resume. Dr Greg Resume? Names and phone numbers (not mobiles) are the most acceptable presentation. Many job candidates are wisely recognizing the need to research for performance shield some of these cherished “assets” until a firm job offer is presented, so just placing “Available upon request” under the Reference heading should suffice.. Need Expert? I have heard mixed views about the wisdom of including a #8220;Hobbies and Interests#8221; section. If you want to include it, place it before Referees. Some career experts warn that the section could work against you if the reader dislikes or is threatened by the activities you list. Australian Resume – Hints and tips.
Firstly If you#8217;re writing your Australian Resume from scratch, don’t rush it. Remember it’s a marketing document promoting the product, which is research on pay, you. No one gets a job based on the resume alone. The purpose of the resume is to get the interview, no more, and no less so sell yourself! Again, this is open to debate, but the best advice I#8217;ve heard is “keep it simple”. Font style should be easy to academic writing software read like 11 point Times New Roman or Arial. I#8217;ve noticed many candidates use a table format, but I find this wastes a lot of space and thus creates more pages. Centring contact details and your Career history or Career summary is papers on pay, fine and then placing the other information flush left.
Bold for headings is easier to who was to blame for the start of the cold war essay read than bold and underline (overkill). Use dot points if you want, but just the one type. I have seen resumes with a variety of dot points. Also, avoid colours. The content of the resume is the on pay for performance, most important thing. Dr Greg Resume? Be specific – I have seen a lot of on pay for performance, “Excellent Communication Skills” but what does that mean? Try breaking this out a little more, for example: Excellent written and verbal communication skills acquired via study and customer service work. Australian Resume Length How long should my Australian resume be?
For school leavers and those that have been in the workforce for a few years, two pages are fine but for everyone else three to five pages is advised. For The Cold War Essay? Remember that most hiring managers and recruiters want to see how your career has developed as well as some detail of your achievements, both what they were and how they added value to the business. For more experienced candidates, however, it’s advisable not to go back more than ten years on your resume. You can include a paragraph under the heading “Other professional experience” if you want so you can mention earlier work of particular interest or relevance. Or you can provide a full summary of your professional history. You can end with the sentence: “Full resume available upon request.” A resume in Australia is more often than not referred to as a CV (Curriculum Vitae). While strictly speaking a resume and a CV are two distinct documents, the term CV has been embraced as an industry standard regardless of the research, type of document it is. Personally, I use Resume, however either term appears quite acceptable within Australia.
Spelling is a particular issue. Words often considered “misspelled” are frequently those deemed as “American/English.” For example. Marketing? terms such as Centre=Center, Organise=Organize,Cheque=Check, ealise=Realize, Colour=Color, Specialise=Specialize are many of the research, main offenders that will be considered glaring spelling errors should they find themselves in an Australian resume, and only serve to reinforce the candidate’s lack of familiarity with the norms of the need a paper by a human resources, country. A good suggestion is to research on pay for performance set the word processing software you are using to need by a Australian English, or English UK, and take prompts from there. Paper size in research papers, Australia conforms to European standards so it’s expected that your resume will be written using A4 size paper (217mm x 297) and not US Letter size (8”x11”). To help you get your head around this article, I also thought I#8217;d include this great youtube video I found. The guide was created by the guys over at careerone.com.au and it provides a useful overview. So there we go, it#8217;s not that scary, is it? : ) I hope you found this overview useful, however as always, please feel free to of the cold ask any further questions using our comments below should you have them. Papers On Pay For Performance? As the founder of Getting Down Under, Mark is passionate about demystifying the process associated with a move to Australia. Having launched Getting Down Under in early January 2006 and made the dr greg greek, move to Australia from the UK in the same year, Mark continues to share resources and support for research papers, those looking for ap language and composition, assitance, Getting Down Under. If you have a question for Mark, please post in papers, our Forums.
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Pay For Performance Research Paper
How to Write a Resume Skills Section. The resume skills section allows you to list, re-iterate, and expand upon your skills and abilities that are relevant to the job you are applying for. A well-crafted resume skills section will also help your resume beat Applicant Tracking System (ATS) “resume reading robots”, which is the first step to getting your application into a hiring manager’s hands. Don’t miss the opportunity to make a powerful skills section that can tip the odds in your favor — read on to learn how. Sometimes referenced as “ Additional Skills ” the Skills Section is where you can list all of your useful abilities that are not overtly mentioned in research papers the bullet points of the Work History sections. Academic Writing? Here are some samples showing what they look like: Customer Service Resume Skills Section. Laborer Resume Skills Section.
As you can see, these all tend to be brief and to the point. Yet, there is a right way and a wrong way to writing them. Don’t forget your cover letter. Browse through our library of Cover Letter Samples by Industry. Tips on Adding Additional Skills to Your Resume.
In the above examples, there are a few similarities to the types of skills that the job seekers listed even though they are going after different positions. A hiring manager is interested in what relevant skills you have. They do not care about whether or not you came in first place in the hot dog eating contest at the state fair. An IT Industry job seeker should not do this : Leader of a 70 member guild in World of papers Warcraft for 3 years. Maintained a self-hosted VoIP chat server for 3 years. One of the above skills shows some legitimate tech savvy while the who was more for the of the war essay other does not. That’s something that might catch a hiring manager’s eye. Keep your skills targeted toward the job you are applying for. Even if you have a knack for something that is not directly related to the position, as long as it’s relevant it’s worth mentioning . For example, if you are applying for an assistant manager position at a small music shop, it’s perfectly acceptable to mention that you can play guitar.
It isn’t directly related to management, but it shows you have knowledge of the industry. Just like discussed in all of the papers Resume Genius resume samples, replace nonspecific adjectives with hard numbers. The same goes for how specific you are in regards to software, hardware, and other tools you are skilled with. Don’t Say: Excellent with foreign languages. Do Say: Fluent in English and Spanish , and proficient in French.
Don’t Say: Skilled typist. Do Say: 70WPM typist. You don’t need to get overzealous with the specifics, but a couple of details go a long way. When listing large software suites like Microsoft Office, try to name the communications individual applications you’re proficient with, such as PowerPoint or Excel when page space is adequate. If you’re only research papers listing 2 or 3 bullet points, this isn’t that big of need by a human a deal, but once you start listing more, you want to keep things sensible. For example, keep your computer skills with your computer skills and research on pay, your speaking and language skills with your speaking and language skills.
Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Bilingual – Fluent in English and French Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker Bilingual – Fluent in paper English and French. Also, when possible list the group of skills that are more important to the position that you’re applying for research papers, first. Written By A Human Resources? You shouldn’t spend too much time debating on the ordering though as per the first tip, they all should be relevant anyway. Formatting: Additional Skills vs. Technical / Computer Skills. Most job seekers end up choosing a resume template that places their relevant skills closer to the bottom, but for some specific industries listing them at the top is very effective . Take a look at the sample resume for papers, an applicant searching for an IT job: Because an IT job requires an employee to have a base set of skills, the applicant starts off by listing his Technical Skills instead of adding them as Additional Skills towards the end. He also breaks them down by theme, such as what computer networking skills he has and what operating systems he is proficient with, bolding each main general category and then listing each specific skill in essays 2005 its respective category.
Some jobs where using a Technical Skills section instead of an Additional Skills section could be beneficial are: Information Technology Graphic Design Manufacturing Technical Writing Engineering. Regardless of research on pay for performance which style of Skills Section you use on your resume, as long as you use relevant, clear, well organized bullet points , you’re sure to impress. Industry-Specific Skills for your Resume. The Best List of by a resources expert Skills For a Resume. Below are the most sought after skills and abilities that employers look for on a resume. If you can include these abilities on on pay for performance your resume, you will be sure to attract their attention. However, it is not enough to simply list your skills. The bottom line is that HR managers want proof. That’s why it is more effective to include examples of how you use your skills rather than merely stating, “Possess great communication skills.” The bottom line is that HR managers want proof.
Here is a list of good skills and example bullet points to add to your resume: Approach all work activities with deliberate focus to ensure that each task is completed correctly, efficiently, and effectively. Who Was Start? Seek and papers on pay, actively learn new information to keep up to date with new skill requirements and marketing, technological innovations. Achieve high levels of multi-tasking ability by remaining focused and goal oriented, completing several tasks simultaneously to reach desired targets. Commended by peers for displaying a good attitude, working hard, and setting and achieving personal goals. Listen to research papers on pay for performance, and integrate criticism and resume, advice from peers, teachers, and bosses, strengthening personal deficits and weaknesses wherever possible. Perform requested duties beyond the expected requirements to maintain high personal standards and ensure absolute satisfaction with produced work. Adapt to all arising situations, and able to develop solutions to problems as they appear to the satisfaction of any client. Work towards solutions with a flexible approach to all challenges that helps solve problems in the most direct and time efficient way possible.
Respond and adapt to developing challenges and obstacles when under pressure calmly and logically to papers, develop working solutions in a timely manner. Manage time constraints and unpredictable schedules with adaptable methodology that can re-prioritize and who was for the start cold, delegate tasks to achieve maximum efficiency. Develop and utilize a large personal knowledge base, creating a broad understanding of research papers a wide range of issues and the ability to develop flexible solutions. Create working relationships with co-workers and clients with varying personality types and coming from dr greg greek resume different backgrounds, maintaining a professional and egalitarian attitude at all times. Adapted to research papers on pay, new industry standards to guarantee that our business was compliant with all guidelines Revised my sales strategy to align with new customer trends. Evaluate and dilute complex work processes into series of manageable tasks to increase efficiency and reduce waste. Dr Greg Greek Resume? Analyze large volumes of data and identify trends, and research papers on pay for performance, present results in to blame for the start cold a clear and understandable manner. Produce comprehensive solutions to complex problems through extensive analysis and research on pay, accurate assessment of relevant data sets.
Identify efficiency savings within given tasks and successfully implement them, aiding in efficient problem solving. Determine the relevance of suggested arguments and ideas, and analyze the relative importance of each before accepting or rejecting them as courses of action. Manage complex problems and time-constrained tasks with rapid but error-free analyses to ensure projects are completed without disruption. Prevented workplace accidents by encouraging safe working practices and preserving company equipment. Responsible for resolving client issues, identifying customer trends, monitoring competitor activities.
Plan strategically and maintain awareness of attention to details to overcome challenges, meet deadlines and achieve objectives without sacrificing quality. Create and detail step-by-step processes to create intermediate and endpoint deadlines for all projects, making it easy to identify major obstacles and listing essay, brainstorm solutions. Organize and communicate highly detailed planning and time management objectives to ensure all team members understand their roles and responsibilities. Identify errors and inconsistencies within any argument or reasoning used to form actionable conclusions, and present necessary counter-arguments. Restructure and reorganize underdeveloped projects that require complete revision to achieve detailed quality standards. Tasked by peers to oversee highly detailed projects, having a trusted ability to discover holes and issues where others may not. Foster strong relationships with customers and strategic partners to strengthen our brand awareness Facilitate monthly meetings with employees to ensure there is a mutual understanding of a project’s directives High levels of confidence when speaking either to groups or individuals that allows the research on pay for performance conveyance of paper software ideas or instructions in a clear, easily understood manner.
The ability to papers on pay, disseminate detailed concepts into understandable ideas in both written and verbal communication. Understanding of the greek resume meaning and research on pay, implementation of body language to both gauge other’s intent and views and project a desired stance to others through non-verbal communication. Highly developed communication skills both verbal and non-verbal that help build a relationship more conducive to communications, an agreeable outcome of any negotiation. Outstanding Typing Skills (WPM: 90). Sound knowledge of research papers on pay troubleshooting techniques for a paper by a human expert, Microsoft Office Suite High levels of research on pay for performance analytical ability means that problems can be understood and overcome quickly and efficiently.
Methodical approach to challenges means that problems can be overcome with solutions identified and implemented in and composition the most efficient manner. Papers? Always seeking new information and keeping up to date with current requirements and innovations within the field of expertise. Exercise empathy with others to assist in ap language and composition all aspects of communication, creating higher chances of research papers for performance successful outcomes and compromises. Practice well-honed listening skills to give full attention to those in need, accurately assess every individual’s situation, and build necessary rapport. Project calm and dr greg greek resume, genuine interest in others through verbal and papers for performance, non-verbal means, building confidence with other parties to ensure successful conclusions to all interpersonal interactions. Remain dispassionate and fair-minded during disagreements to highlight that ideas and opinions are always respected. Assist and teach others patiently when working towards a common goal, ensuring higher levels of cooperation when faced with challenges.
Help and suggest to co-workers and peers to find institutions or people to seek help for problems that are affecting them professionally. Integrate into listing essay all team situations easily and comfortably, possessing a personable nature that is research on pay for performance open to teamwork and cooperation. Listing Essay? Negotiate team and co-worker conflict or pressure effectively and efficiently through strong interpersonal and communication skills. Work towards the success of the group, de-emphasizing smaller perceived personal successes and focusing on the bigger picture. Listen actively and engage genuinely with others to ensure that all perspectives and ideas are equally respected.
Focus on overcoming challenges rather than seeking to blame the cause of any challenges and problems encountered, maintaining a positive attitude that is a benefit to any team situation. Adhere to research, all institutional standards for communications dissertation, ethical, interpersonal, and papers on pay for performance, professional behavior at all times. Finish all tasks and projects on time with a reliably high level of quality. Accept all requests to fill necessary shifts, schedules, or complete tasks when others are unavailable. Maintain a professional and egalitarian attitude at the workplace at all times, ensuring minimal interpersonal conflicts and acting as an ambassador for a paper by a human resources expert, the brand. Trusted to handle sensitive items and for performance, situations, regarded as having a responsible and dependable personality by written by a human resources peers. Open a strong line of communication and make thorough preparations for taking time off. Assist others with tasks and projects during free time, even when it is unrelated or unrewarded. Seek answers to questions personally without needing excessive guidance, asking only when it is obvious the information cannot be found.
Create personal tasks and projects without supervision, while seeking advice and permission to research papers, increase workplace efficiency. Learn new skills actively to avoid over-reliance on co-workers and team members Operate independently of team members and management, submit comprehensive reports and a paper expert, feedback to keep projects on track. Argue against conventional wisdom when it is based on illogic or poorly conceived notions, even when it is unpopular to do so. Utilize a wealth of skills, abilities, and personal networks to solve intractable problems and remove obstacles to research papers on pay, completing projects. Display a thirst for knowledge, becoming an dr greg greek resume, expert on any product or subject required quickly, and able to for performance, convey that knowledge clearly to others.
Assume responsibility for completing all important tasks at paper hand and filling in labor gaps wherever it is necessary. Brainstorm and develop approaches to problems in downtime and for performance, present them to peers without being personally tasked by management. Approach challenges as opportunities to communications dissertation, improve skills and papers for performance, abilities, seeking advice and communications, criticism to constantly improve. Volunteer for new projects and to complete tasks that are otherwise ignored or avoided. Research? Speak frankly about weaknesses and issues that are causing problems and holdups, and offer well-developed solutions. Received award for need by a resources expert, outstanding work ethic 2 years in a row. Set challenging benchmarks of success and plan by which to achieve them each month. Suggest and promote ideas for analysis and judgement without ego or personal issues should they be rejected by research on pay others. Assess and critically analyze personally developed ideas in the same way that others’ ideas are assessed. Compare, contrast, and combine creative ideas, using critical and creative thinking skills to academic paper writing, develop insights and alternative possibilities.
Project an innovative outlook that encourages free thinking to challenge conventional barriers in problem solving and generate interesting ideas. Apply rational analysis and promote an for performance, evidence-based approach to writing, take creative ideas and mold them into workable solutions. Appraise any given situation and approach its unique problems with a consistent and systematic methodology. Implemented efficiency and papers, cost-saving initiatives that improved the marketing communications customer service process Evaluate the various risks and rewards related to implementing new projects or programs. Maintain an “honesty is the best policy” philosophy in the workplace, while being tactful about giving constructive criticism. Review project successes and failures dispassionately, accepting blame when mistakes are made and seek methods to on pay for performance, prevent future issues. Conduct all business and personal affairs according to resume, highest codes of ethics and on pay, responsibility. Establish trustworthy relationships with clients and co-workers, avoiding improper and and composition essays, unethical behavior. Follow institutional rules, processes, and practices at research papers on pay all times to support company’s quality management procedures.
Report issues and problems through proper channels as set forth by company guidelines. Maintain a visionary outlook and the ability to see each challenge in dr greg greek the context of the broader scope of the research project, while acting towards that desired end goal at all times. Project confidence and flexibility, able to accept differing views without viewing them as challenges to authority, and utilize good ideas from others. Utilize interpersonal skills to motivate and encourage co-workers, understanding that major goals are achieved through teamwork. Writing Software? Demonstrate critical thinking under stressful situations where problems are faced, and a willingness to make the research papers for performance right decisions even if they are unpopular. Display integrity and honesty at all times, honoring promises and defending values when challenged. Set an example for others, taking responsibility for successes and failures alike. Communications Dissertation? Assumed a leadership role in the absence of the papers for performance supervisor and ensured that the office operated normally.
Assisted in the training of communications 3 new employees to quickly integrate them into the department’s workflow. Schedule meetings, appointments, and travel arrangements for managers. Compiled, prioritized, and processed all new purchasing orders Keep organized at all times, understanding that efficiency is achieved by being mindful of future and often unanticipated needs Accurately estimate the work involved in any task to provide both a timetable and papers for performance, the effort required for successful completion. Excellent organizational skills to attribute time to carry out responsibilities personally and for each member of the project team. Highly developed communication skills for discussing a project at all levels, with the ability to listing essay, clearly articulate the work, issues and research for performance, challenges as they arise in a manner other stakeholders will understand quickly. Overcome obstacles to project completion by being forward thinking and positive, rather than adhering to the accepted limits.
Apply a logical mindset to bring well researched ideas to the table and, and able to dissect counter arguments methodically and without prejudice. Project a positive persona that focuses on the positive outcome of marketing any proposal or counter-proposal rather than the negative, ensuring all parties remain disposed to concessions. Listen actively to all arguments and ideas presented, and fairly weigh and analyze them before responding with counter-arguments and counter-proposals. Defend positions forcefully when necessary to achieve the for performance best outcome possible for all stakeholders. Seek out alternative solutions to stubborn problems, and methodically test, reject, and note progress and setbacks.
Demonstrates the ability to more to blame for the start cold, analyze large volumes of data to find the required information within, efficiently and accurately. Shows comprehensive problem solving ability, producing creative solutions to research on pay, complex problems. Can identify important concepts within a project to greek, provide effective, targeted research. Papers On Pay? Can break down complex concepts and ideas into and composition more manageable tasks for research purposes. Excellent communication skills that allow clear dissemination of researched data and ideas for further use.
An analytical approach that ensures the identification and papers, streamlining of writing software research opportunities with any given project for more efficient results. Maintain high levels of self-awareness that enables analysis of one’s own assumptions and research papers, values about any given subject. Approach mistakes with a dispassionate demeanor, focusing on finding solutions rather than attributing blame. Project a “customer is ap language always right” attitude at all times, even when clients are being rude and irrational. Keep a professional manner with peers, co-workers, and clients at all times, no matter the circumstances.
Avoid emotional confrontation and arguments with peers and clients, seeking de-escalate issues and find ways to resolve issues rationally. Adhere to research on pay for performance, company work schedules and give notice before taking time off. Remain calm under pressure, delivering workable problems during crisis scenarios in a timely manner. Perform and oversee multiple individual tasks simultaneously during work projects, ensuring quality and efficiency while remaining within deadlines. Manage chaotic task loads and keep teammates focused and under control during high stress and time-sensitive crisis periods. Approach complex and tangled problems with a dispassionate disposition that allows an efficient and analytical approach to any problem. Make and defend critical and high risk decisions based on careful research, analysis, and and composition essays 2005, experience, accepting responsibility for the outcomes whatever they may be. Resolve interpersonal conflicts between other parties or personally by remaining objective and on pay, actively empathizing with the emotional parties. View every situation in the context of the broader picture to predict how the marketing communications dissertation team may benefit overall from any given action.
Utilize a diverse skillset to complement any team makeup, whether giving or receiving instruction. On Pay? Convey authority, competence, and a socially oriented attitude by keeping a strictly professional manner at all times. Build friendly relations and easily communicate with teammates, co-workers, and customers through a confident and greek, outgoing demeanor. Papers? Seek out new relationships and form large networks of individuals, developing a pool of resources and talent that can be tapped to achieve goals and targets. Project warmth and sincerity to peers and clients, and a willingness to work together to achieve mutual goals.
Team worker who is able to listing essay, adapt in research papers on pay for performance highly dynamic and changing situations. Collaborated in four-person team to complete projects in a timely manner and under budget. Tech savvy, with the ability to who was more for the start of the cold, quickly learn and apply new software applications to the position. Desire to expand my current skillset and increase my value as an asset to for performance, the company. Broad knowledge base that aids in writing from and composition 2005 a position of authority on a wide range of subjects. Highly developed research skills aid in papers creating accurate, informative and in depth writing on any subject matter. Resume? Expert literary skills ensures error free writing, with perfect grammar and style at all times.
Adaptable approach allows a writing style that fits with the subject at hand and research on pay for performance, its intended use. Marketing Communications? Empathic nature that allows the use of suitable language for the intended audience so that the writing is always on the correct level for its intended readership. Focused and driven to always meet deadlines and targets as required. As much as the words on research papers on pay a resume are important, so is the overall style and design. For more information on how to style your resume like a pro, check out the greek resume Resume Genius resume aesthetics guide. thanks for this! We’re glad you found it useful! Good luck on the job hunt. These are very important and helpful information! Thank you so much! #128578; Happy to help!
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Whether you've never thought about ACT Writing strategies or have worked hard on research papers the ACT essay, you can benefit from knowing more: about the essay itself, and what really matters when the communications dissertation graders are reading your essay. In this article, we offer a number of ACT Writing tips as well as a foolproof template for putting them into practice. The ACT essay is a very short assignment - you only papers on pay get 40 minutes to write a full-fledged essay - and it can pass in ap language essays 2005 a flash if you don't have a method for attacking it. For Performance. It requires a very specific approach that's unlike the essays you've been writing for English class. The goal of this strategy is to cram in academic software as many as possible of the desired components in the 40 minutes you've got. We'll give you the 4 main elements the ACT asks for, the research on pay top 3 things they don't tell you, and paper writing software a bulletproof template for your ACT Writing essay format. Here we go! What ACT, Inc. Does Tell You: 4 Elements to Remember. ACT, Inc. explains the main components of the successful ACT Essay in its scoring criteria.
Here they are, condensed and explained: 1) Ideas Analysis : A 12-scoring essay includes an research papers for performance, argument that critically engages with multiple perspectives on academic writing the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects nuance and precision in thought and purpose. The argument establishes and employs an papers, insightful context for analysis of the communications issue and its perspectives. The analysis examines implications, complexities and papers on pay tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. Need A Paper Human Resources Expert. It's fine to copy the exact words from the prompt into your thesis statement—in fact, this guarantees that the graders will see that your thesis is there and on topic. Research For Performance. You must, however, make it obvious which side you are arguing for . If you can, it's great to who was to blame cold war essay put the argument in terms of research papers, a larger debate—we'll discuss that later. 2) Development Support : In a 12-scoring essay, [d]evelopment of ideas and support for claims deepen insight and dr greg greek broaden context. Papers On Pay For Performance. An integrated line of skillful reasoning and illustration effectively conveys the significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich and bolster ideas and analysis. 3) Organization : A 12-scoring essay exhibits a skillful organizational strategy. The response is unified by a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical progression of listing essay, ideas increases the effectiveness of the writer’s argument.
Transitions between and research papers on pay for performance within paragraphs strengthen the relationships among ideas. 4) Languag e Use: A 12-scoring essay uses language in a way that enhances the writing argument. Word choice is skillful and precise. Sentence structures are consistently varied and clear. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are strategic and on pay effective. Marketing Communications Dissertation. While a few minor errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. This can be the hardest area for research on pay students to improve in (particularly if English is not their native language). Word choice is skillful and precise does include using fancy vocabulary, but it also means not repeating yourself. Using consistently varied and clear sentence structures means not only not starting every sentence the same way (e.g. Machines are helpful to humans.
Machines can also cause problems. Academic Paper Software. Machines are the answer to our future), but also making sure your sentences are clear and further your logic (rather than making it more difficult to understand). It's better to be clear than to be fancy. This is something you can fix when you revise your essay in the last 2-4 minutes of the essay section. What ACT, Inc. Doesn't Tell You: 3 Secrets. Even though the ACT essay has some clear published guidelines, there are a few secrets that most students don't know and that can give you a major advantage on the test. These are facts that ACT, Inc. Research On Pay For Performance. doesn't want to be too well-known because it helps us develop ACT Writing strategies that may give us an edge over listing essay, people who haven't prepared. 1) You Don't Need to Know the Facts. You can make up whatever information you need to research papers on pay support your point. Really.
As with the tip above, if you know the real facts, that's great (since the grader will probably know them too), but it's not required. This might sound crazy. You could write about communications dissertation how Germany won World War II, and the ACT graders are not allowed to for performance penalize you. A Paper. Why is this? ACT, Inc. doesn't have the resources to do fact-checking on every single essay. With over a million students taking the test every year, graders only have a few minutes to put a score of 1-6 to each of the 4 essay scoring domains. They can't check whether Martin Luther King was born in 1929 or 1925.
Thus, ACT essay scoring uses a simpler rule--all statements are taken as truth. The important point is that the research papers on pay evidence needs to support your thesis. (Of course, ACT, Inc. Paper Writing Software. doesn't want people to know about this - that would make the ACT essay sound silly.) If you're short on examples to prove a point, make up something realistic-sounding (you can even pretend a newspaper or politician said something they didn't), and slap it in there. It's much better than trying to research write a vague paragraph without concrete evidence. 2) You Should Write More Than a Page. This is one of the most important ACT Writing tips. There is a strong relationship between essay length and score - the longer your essay, the marketing communications better your score. In a short essay, it's difficult for you to develop your points well enough to earn a decent score. Really, you should write a page and research for performance a half if at all possible. Although ACT, Inc. never explicitly mentions that length matters in ACT essay scoring, it does.
And if you can write more than a page and a half without repeating yourself or digressing from your point, you'll be in really good shape. 3) Your First Paragraph and Conclusion Matter More Than the Middle. Marketing. The introduction and conclusion are the bookends of the essay: they hold it together and are guaranteed to be read more closely than the rest of the research papers on pay for performance essay. ACT graders have to read a lot of essays very quickly, and they give most of them a 3 or a 4 in communications each domain. The fastest way for research papers on pay them to score an essay is to find the thesis (to make sure that it's there, that it answers the prompt, and that the greek resume rest of the essay supports it) and then skim the first and last paragraphs. Here's why: if a student's introduction and conclusion paragraphs are well-written and logical, it's likely the rest of the essay will be too. By reading these parts, the grader can usually tell with confidence what the research papers on pay score will be. They'll scan the middle to make sure it makes sense, but they probably won't read every word as closely. On the need a paper written by a human other hand, if you don't have time to write an introduction or conclusion, you will be heavily penalized.
It'll be hard to score above an 8 without an for performance, introduction and conclusion, particularly if you don't make your thesis, or point of view, clear in the first paragraph. Dr Greg Resume. This might be the most important ACT essay tip we can give you. A strong ACT writing strategy includes preparing enough time to on pay write and revise your introduction and conclusion paragraphs, as we explain below. Key Strategy: How to Write A Successful ACT Essay in 40 Minutes. Because you only greek resume have 40 minutes to write the ACT essay, you need to have a game plan before you start the test.
Here's a step by step guide on how to write an effective ACT essay. Overcoming the Biggest Obstacle: Planning Your Argument Methodically. One of the things that students often find hardest about the research essay is quickly thinking of support for the thesis. But it can be done in a simple, methodical way, which we explain below. Let's start with a sample prompt.
Many of the goods and marketing services we depend on research papers on pay for performance daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. A Paper By A Expert. Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives. Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by research machines is some part of our own humanity.
Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. Listing Essay. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities.
Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. In your essay, be sure to: clearly state your own perspective on the issue and analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective develop and papers support your ideas with reasoning and examples organize your ideas clearly and logically communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in need by a resources partial agreement, or wholly different. Papers. In the prompt above, they give you three viewpoints so that you know what to mention in your discussion of various perspectives. But you'll need to elaborate on these as well. Let's look at who was to blame for the start war essay the viewpoints this prompt gives us. Conservative: Intelligent machines lead to research problems, which is bad. Utilitarian: Intelligent machines allow us to be more efficient, which is good. Progressive: Intelligent machines lead to progress, which is good. Supporting each viewpoint is dr greg, a slew of possible reasons, and these are what you want to on pay lay out clearly in your essay. You can, of need a paper written by a human, course, choose any side of the argument, but one is usually easier to argue than the other (because it is opposite the other two perspectives).
For this prompt, it's easier to argue against research papers for performance intelligent machines than to argue for their efficiency or progress, so we'll look at paper writing potential support for the conservative argument, which is research papers, that Intelligent machines lead to problems. Listing Essay. To argue against any change, we can point out its assumptions and how they are false, or its consequences and research papers on pay for performance how they are bad: This method works for any argument. To Blame For The Start War Essay. If you find yourself supporting the proposal in on pay for performance the prompt, say (to use a real ACT example) that a right to avoid health risks is a more important freedom than the greek resume right to do whatever you want, then you just need to think of ways it would be positive. That can be much simpler. But you can still use the assumptions-and-consequences method above for the paragraph in which you address at least one other perspective.
This is papers on pay, a tried and dr greg greek true structure for earning a great score on the ACT essay. Just by following this template and keeping in mind the ACT writing tips above, you're pretty much guaranteed a 6 or higher out of 12 (equivalent of an 18 or higher out of 36 on the September 2015-June 2016 Writing test) . Do a decent job and you'll easily get an 8 or higher. Here are a few real ACT prompts to keep in mind as we go through the steps: Intelligent machines : they're not good, they're good and practical, or they're good and lead to progress. Public health and individual freedom : freedom is more important than physical health, society should strive for the greatest good for the most people, or the right to avoid health risks is more important than individual freedom. Decide on your thesis, choosing one of the three sides. You can try to form your own, fourth perspective, but since you have to compare your perspective with at least one of the perspectives given you might as well argue for one of them and save some time for writing.
Quickly brainstorm two or three reasons or examples that support your thesis. Brainstorm counterarguments for or analyses of at least one other perspective and your responses. Research Papers On Pay. Organize your essay. Ap Language 2005. Make sure you order your points in research on pay a way that makes sense. More For The Of The. Check your time . Try to research on pay have 30 minutes left at greek resume this point so you have enough time to write. If you don't, just keep in research on pay for performance mind that you might have to cut out one of your supporting points. 1. Paragraph 1: Introduction Thesis.
A) Write your introduction. If you can think of an resume, interesting first sentence that brings your thesis into a larger discussion (say, of how intelligent machines have changed the way people interact with each other), start with that. B) Narrow down from the larger context to research your specific response to the question (your thesis), which should be at or near the end of the first paragraph. Dr Greg Greek Resume. C) It can be helpful to the reader to have your reasons and research on pay examples previewed in the introduction if it fits in well. 2. Paragraph 2: Transitions Opposing Perspective.
A) When you start paragraph 2, try to think of a first sentence that refers back to who was for the cold war essay the first paragraph. B) In contrast to my perspective, Perspective [X] claims that… is a simple example of an effective way to transition into the second paragraph. Papers On Pay For Performance. C) Then address one of the perspectives opposing yours and why its supporters are wrong or misguided. Academic Writing Software. In the example about papers intelligent machines above (where we've chosen to argue Perspective 1), you could argue against perspective 2 OR 3 in this paragraph. 3. Body Paragraphs (those remaining before the conclusion): A) Introduce your first reason or example in support of the perspective you'll be discussing. B) In 3-5 sentences, explain your reasoning as to how this perspective relates to your own (using explanations of your thinking or specific examples to support the point).
C) Connect your example to the thesis and then state that it supports your thesis. D) Check your time . Try to have 7 minutes left by need a paper by a expert this point. AA) (Optional) Relate your two or three examples back to your thesis. Add one or two sentences if you want. A) End with a restatement of your thesis or a return to research papers for performance your first lines to wrap up the essay. Hopefully, you still have 2-4 minutes to read over greek, your essay. For Performance. In this time, you can do several things. A) You can, of dissertation, course, correct mistakes. B) You can replace dull words with fancier words.
C) You can make sure that your introduction and conclusion match by stating the research on pay for performance same thesis (in different words, of course). Notice the two bolded time-checking steps. It's very easy to marketing get caught in the planning stage and run out of time on your actual essay, which is easy to avoid if you practice checking your time. If you have to make a choice between explaining a perspective or writing a conclusion paragraph, always choose the explanation. Research Papers For Performance. You can get by with a short sentence for a conclusion, and you can make a strong essay with a clear thesis in your introduction, but if you leave out the analysis of the relationship between your perspective and paper writing software one of the ACT's perspectives in papers for performance your essay, you'll lose a lot of points. Now you practice. Print out the template above, consult our ACT Essay Prompts Article (or think of any controversial issue in the world today), and marketing communications get to work. Papers. You may find that many issues can be argued using the same reasoning or examples. For instance, the greek argument that the benefits of the changes happening in the world don't necessarily outweigh the problems they create can apply to many of the new ACT prompts. You can research concrete information to support this kind of research papers, useful argument, like a newspaper article about how the Industrial Revolution led to increased environmental destruction. More like Industrial Re-POLL-ution, am I right?
Remember: the more you practice, the easier it gets, as you learn how to reuse information to suit different purposes and your brain becomes used to need a paper written resources thinking in this way. Hungry for more practice ACT Writing prompts? Look no further than our article containing links to all the freely available official ACT Writing prompts that have been released so far, as well as bonus prompts I constructed. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and research papers on pay for performance it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses.
We also have expert instructors who can grade every one of your practice ACT essays, giving feedback on how to improve your score. Check out listing essay, our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from research Wellesley College with a BA in Music and marketing communications Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in on pay Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and who was more for the war essay loves advising students on how to excel in papers high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on more to blame for the of the cold war essay your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of on pay for performance, other topics!
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essays about values Strategic Leadership and Decision Making. Values and ethics are central to any organization; those operating in the national security arena are no exception. Research Papers On Pay! What exactly do we mean by values and ethics? Both are extremely broad terms, and need by a expert we need to focus in on the aspects most relevant for strategic leaders and decision makers.
What we will first discuss is the distinctive nature of ethics for public officials; second, the research for performance forces which influence the ethical behavior of individuals in organizations; and marketing dissertation third, explore the actions strategic leaders can take to research papers for performance, build ethical climates in their organizations. THE CHARACTER OF VALUES AND ETHICS. Values can be defined as those things that are important to or valued by for the of the, someone. That someone can be an individual or, collectively, an organization. One place where values are important is in relation to vision. One of the for performance imperatives for marketing organizational vision is that it must be based on research on pay, and consistent with the organization's core values.
In one example of a vision statement we'll look at later, the organization's core values - in this case, integrity, professionalism, caring, teamwork, and stewardship - were deemed important enough to be included with the statement of the organization's vision. Dr. John Johns, in an article entitled The Ethical Dimensions of National Security, mentions honesty and loyalty as values that are the ingredients of integrity. When values are shared by all members of an organization, they are extraordinarily important tools for making judgments, assessing probable outcomes of contemplated actions, and choosing among alternatives. Perhaps more important, they put all members on the same sheet of music with regard to what all members as a body consider important. The Army, in 1986, had as the theme for the year values, and listed four organizational values -loyalty, duty, selfless service, and integrity-and four individual values - commitment, competence, candor, and courage. A Department of the dr greg Army pamphlet entitled Values: The Bedrock of Our Profession spent some time talking about the importance of values , and included this definition: Values are what we, as a profession, judge to be right.
They are more than words-they are the moral, ethical, and professional attributes of character . Research Papers For Performance! . . there are certain core values that must be instilled in members of the U.S. Army-civilian and uniformed soldier alike. These are not the only values that should determine our character, but they are ones that are central to our profession and should guide our lives as we serve our Nation. Values are the marketing embodiment of what an organization stands for, and should be the basis for the behavior of its members. However, what if members of the organization do not share and have not internalized the organization's values? Obviously, a disconnect between individual and organizational values will be dysfunctional. Additionally, an research papers on pay, organization may publish one set of values, perhaps in an effort to push forward a positive image, while the values that really guide organizational behavior are very different. Academic! When there is a disconnect between stated and operating values , it may be difficult to determine what is acceptable.
For example, two of the Army's organizational values include candor and courage. One might infer that officers are encouraged to have the courage of their convictions and speak their disagreements openly. In some cases, this does work; in on pay for performance, others it does not. The same thing works at the level of the society. The principles by to blame for the, which the society functions do not necessarily conform to on pay, the principles stated. Those in power may covertly allow the use of force to suppress debate in order to remain in power. (death squads are an example.) In some organizations, dissent may be rewarded by termination-the organizational equivalent of death squad action. In others, a group member may be ostracized or expelled. Group members quickly learn the operating values , or they don't survive for long.
To the more to blame for the start of the cold war essay extent they differ from stated values , the organization will not only suffer from doing things less effectively, but also from the on pay cynicism of its members, who have yet another reason for mistrusting the leadership, or doubting its wisdom. VALUES PROVIDE THE BASIS FOR JUDGMENTS ABOUT WHAT IS IMPORTANT FOR THE ORGANIZATION TO SUCCEED IN ITS CORE BUSINESS. So, there are some disconnects, and these disconnects create problems. However, the central purpose of values remains. They state either an need a paper written by a human expert, actual or an papers, idealized set of criteria for evaluating options and deciding what is appropriate, based on long experience. The relevance of the Army's values , for example, is apparent.
When soldiers may be called upon to expose themselves to mortal danger in the performance of marketing communications dissertation their duty, they must be absolutely able to research for performance, trust their fellow soldiers (to do their fair share and to ap language and composition 2005, help in the event of research papers for performance need) and their leaders (to guard them from unnecessary risk). Dr Greg Resume! So the Army's values prescribe conditions that facilitate trust, a necessary element in willingness to face danger. Without trust, risk tolerance will be low, as will combat effectiveness. TO BEHAVE ETHICALLY IS TO BEHAVE IN A MANNER THAT IS CONSISTENT WITH WHAT IS GENERALLY CONSIDERED TO BE RIGHT OR MORAL. ETHICAL BEHAVIOR IS THE BEDROCK OF MUTUAL TRUST. So how do values relate to ethics , and what do we mean by ethics? One of the keys is in the phrase we quoted above from the DA pamphlet: Values are what we, as a profession, judge to be right. Individually or organizationally, values determine what is right and what is wrong, and doing what is right or wrong is what we mean by ethics. To behave ethically is to behave in a manner consistent with what is right or moral . What does generally considered to be right mean? That is a critical question, and research on pay for performance part of the difficulty in deciding whether or not behavior is ethical is in determining what is right or wrong.
Perhaps the first place to marketing dissertation, look in determining what is right or wrong is society. Virtually every society makes some determination of morally correct behavior. In Islamic countries, a determination of what is research on pay for performance right or moral is tied to religious strictures. In societies more secular, the more cold influence of religious beliefs may be less obvious, but still a key factor. In the United States much of what is believed to be right or wrong is research papers based in Judeo-Christian heritage. The Ten Commandments, for many people, define what is morally right or wrong.
Societies not only listing essay, regulate the behavior of their members, but also define their societal core values. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness represent core American values. Experience often has led societies to develop beliefs about what is papers on pay for performance of value for the common good. (Note that societies differ from one another in the specifics, but not in the general principles.) One example is the notion of ap language and composition reciprocity. (One good deed deserves another.) Another is the notion of good intent. Research Papers! (A gentleman's word is his bond.) Yet, a third is the notion of appreciation of merit in others regardless of personal feelings. Who Was For The Start Of The War Essay! (Give the Devil his due.) These all contain implied shoulds about how people interact and behave toward one another in groups, organizations, and societies. These shoulds define collective effort because they are fundamental to trust and to team relationships that entail risk. Research For Performance! The greater the potential risk, the more important ethical practices become.
Organizations, to some extent, define what is right or wrong for the members of the organization. Need A Paper Written By A Resources! Ethical codes, such as West Point's A cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal, or tolerate those who do, make clear what the organization considers to be right or wrong. To quote again from the DA Pamphlet, Values: The Bedrock of Our Profession, statements such as : Loyalty to the Nation, to the Army, and to the unit is essential. Selfless service puts the research for performance welfare of the Nation and the accomplishment of the to blame of the cold assigned mission before individual welfare. All who serve the Nation must resist the temptation to pursue self-gain, personal advantage, and self-interest ahead of the research for performance collective good. [Integrity] is the a paper written human resources expert basis for trust and confidence that must exist between the leaders and the led. Furthermore, integrity is research on pay demonstrated by propriety in one's personal life. are unequivocal statements of what the Army considers to be ethical behavior.
What does generally considered to need written human, be right mean? All one needs to do is to research, look at the positive values of society and marketing dissertation the organizations one belongs to, and what is right or wrong should be evident. There is another aspect to be considered, however, and that is the influence of societal or organizational norms. Norms are the on pay for performance unstated rules, usually informally reached by the members of a group, which govern the more to blame for the start cold war essay behavior of the group's members. Norms often have a greater effect on what is and isn't done by the members of a group than formal rules and regulations. The reason norms are important for a discussion of ethics and on pay for performance values is and composition that norms may allow or even encourage certain behavior as OK that is not in papers on pay for performance, keeping with society's or an organization's stated values. When there is a disconnect between stated and operating values, it may be difficult to determine what is right. An example might be a company that has among its stated values to treat everyone with dignity and respect, but whose norms have permitted and need by a resources expert perhaps even encouraged a pattern of sexual harassment over a number of papers years. Do those in the organization know that the behavior is wrong, but condone it nevertheless? Is it clear to dr greg greek resume, the Bosnian Serbs that ethnic cleansing is unethical and wrong, or would it fall under the mantle of papers on pay behavior that is by a resources considered to be acceptable in that society? Listen to the arguments in support of research papers for performance ethnic cleansing that have been made, and you will find that many of the perpetrators argued that they did nothing wrong, and were only righting previous wrongs done to them.
If ethics and morality are important for groups and organizations, they should also be important for public officials, and for very much the same reasons. York Willbern, in an article entitled Types and Levels of Public Morality, argues for six types or levels of morality (or ethics) for public officials. By public officials, he means those who are in dr greg resume, policy making positions in public institutions; in other words, strategic decision makers in the government, including the national security arena. The six levels he differentiates are: basic honesty and conformity to law; conflicts of on pay for performance interest; service orientation and procedural fairness; the ethic of democratic responsibility; the ethic of public policy determination; and the ethic of compromise and social integration. WILLBERN'S LEVEL OF PUBLIC MORALITY. ETHIC OF COMPROMISE AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION ETHIC OF PUBLIC POLICY DETERMINATION ETHIC OF DEMOCRATIC RESPONSIBILITY SERVICE ORIENTATION AND PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS CONFLICT OF INTEREST BASIC HONESTY AND CONFORMITY TO LAW. BASIC HONESTY AND CONFORMITY TO LAW.
The public servant is morally bound, just as are other persons, to tell the truth, to greek, keep promises, to respect the on pay person and the property of to blame for the start cold war essay others, and to abide by the requirements of the law (Willbern). In many ways, this level only describes the research on pay basic adherence to marketing communications, moral codes that is expected of all members of a group or society. There are some basics of behavior that are expected of all if a society is to function for the collective good. For public officials, there is an additional reason why it is important to adhere to these basic moral codes and laws: they have more power than the papers for performance average member of the society, and hence more opportunity for violation of marketing communications dissertation those codes or laws. Research Papers On Pay For Performance! There also is the negative example that misconduct by public officials provides. CONFLICT OF INTEREST.
This relates to public officials, because it deals with the conflict between advancing the public interest, which a public official is charged to do, and advancing one's self-interest. The duty here is to ensure that the ap language essays 2005 public interest comes first, and that one does not advance his own personal interest at the expense of the public. Willbern uses embezzlement of papers public funds, bribery, and contract kickbacks as examples of marketing dissertation pursuing personal interests at the expense of those of the public. The requirements for public officials to divest themselves of investments that might be influenced by papers for performance, the performance of their duties (or put them in trust) and to recuse themselves in situations where they have a personal interest are designed to paper writing, help public officials avoid conflicts of for performance interest. Who Was For The Of The Cold! Ultimately, it still comes down to research on pay for performance, the individual making an ethical decision. Avoidance of conflict of interest is and composition often difficult because it is often hard to separate personal and public interests, and because individuals as private citizens are encouraged to research on pay for performance, pursue private interests through any legal means. One of the areas where there is the a paper human resources expert greatest potential for conflicts of papers interest is where public officials deal with private organizations which are pursuing their private interests, and where any decision by a public official on allocation of need a paper human resources will favor some private interest. Papers On Pay For Performance! The fields of government contracting and acquisition are two areas where the possibility of marketing communications dissertation conflicts of interest is high.
SERVICE ORIENTATION AND PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS. This level relates closely to the last, and deals with the research on pay responsibility of public officials to ensure their actions serve the public, and that the power they wield is used only for that purpose. Ap Language And Composition 2005! It is easy to abuse the power that comes with public office. Procedural safeguards are designed to prevent that abuse. The moral obligation of public servants is to follow established procedures, and not to use their power to papers on pay for performance, circumvent those procedures for their own convenience or benefit. Power must be used fairly and for the benefit of the public. Listing Essay! One can again think of examples of research public officials who have violated this moral charge by using their influence and power for their own benefit or for the benefit of special interest groups, or who have circumvented established procedures for their own benefit or convenience. Resume! One frequent example is the use of government vehicles or aircraft for nonofficial business.
These first three levels of public morality share one important characteristic: they all relate to the behavior or conduct of public officials. These three levels are the areas that get most of the attention in discussions of ethics, this is where public officials are most likely to get in trouble. Research On Pay! However, there are three additional levels of essays 2005 public morality equally important. These deal with the content of research papers on pay what public officials do, the moral choices involved in deciding what to do, in pursuing the purposes of the state and the society (Willbern). THE ETHIC OF DEMOCRATIC RESPONSIBILITY. Given that public officials are operating within a democratic system, they either are elected by listing essay, the people or appointed by an elected official.
This confers upon research papers for performance, them the obligation to carry out the need written human expert will of the papers on pay people. However, public officials also have the responsibility to make moral choices consistent with their own values, and that may be in conflict with what they perceive to be the will of the people. Willbern contends that the public official acts according to his or her own judgment, rationalizing that it would be the will of the people if they were well enough informed on the issue. To give one example of marketing this level of public morality, consider whether or not the representative in Congress is morally bound to on pay, support policies and start of the war essay legislation which his constituents overwhelmingly support but he personally opposes. THE ETHIC OF PUBLIC POLICY DETERMINATION. This level involves the most difficult ethical choices, because it concerns making moral judgments about public policies. The responsibility is to make moral policies; the difficulty is in determining how moral a policy is. Public policies almost always deal with very complex issues, where ethical choices are rarely clear, and it is often difficult to determine if a policy is right or wrong. For example, many public policies deal with the distribution of limited resources. Is it right or wrong to slash funding for research for performance one program, or to increase funding for another? In almost any decision, there will be winners and losers, and there will be some benefit for some and cost to others.
Right and wrong may not apply. Equity and fairness are important considerations, but not always easy to discern. The determination of how much funding to provide for national security, and which social programs to fund, involves ethical choices of the most difficult type. Written By A Human! What is the difference between equality and equity? Consider the controversy around affirmative action programs: are they examples of moral public policies?
THE ETHIC OF COMPROMISE AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION. This final level deals with an area not as salient as some of the others. It deals with the necessity for compromise in a society. A society with irreconcilable differences on fundamental issues will be torn apart. On Pay For Performance! Hence, it becomes a moral obligation of essays 2005 public officials to engage in give and take, working toward compromise in the policies they develop.
One often sees legislators in our political system establishing positions where they may not get all they want from particular legislation, but will settle for some of what they want. Willbern contends that compromise, rather than standing on principle, is moral, because without compromise there will be discord and conflict, and research papers on pay for performance disintegration rather than integration of the society. Public officials are given the trust of the public to develop and carry out policies that are in the public's best interest. Living up to this trust has a significant impact on the national will; public confidence is essential to the exercise of communications national power. Public officials have a moral duty to act in a trustworthy manner. Why, then, do individuals behave unethically? One reason is the complexity of the issues leaders deal with, and the difficulty in many instances of determining which is the most ethical alternative. There are several systemic factors.
One is the competition for scarce resources. It is easy to slip into unethical acts to gain a competitive advantage in the race for position or power. A second is conflicting loyalties, which Johns labels the most troublesome ethical dilemma facing public officials. The Iran Contra affair is a case of unethical behavior on on pay, the part of North, Poindexter, Secord, and McFarlane because of misplaced loyalty to the executive chain of command. Johns also identifies systemic factors in groups and teams which can lead to unethical behavior. One is groupthink , which can occur in a homogeneous group with a strong leader. A second is the presence of idealogues: individuals who view their own extreme positions as right and any opposing positions as wrong.
A third is the organization's response to dissent. Listing Essay! There are few incentives for whistleblowers or those who try to expose unethical behavior in organizations. Organizational norms encourage going along and discourage questioning the unethical actions of others. This can quickly compromise ethical standards in any organization. CAUSES OF UNETHICAL BEHAVIOR. COMPLEXITY OF STRATEGIC ISSUES OBSCURES ETHICS COMPETITION FOR SCARCE RESOURCES/ POWER/POSITION CONFLICTING LOYALTIES. GROUPTHINK PRESENCE OF IDEALOGUES NEGATIVE ORGANIZATIONAL RESPONSE TO DISSENT. Kenneth R. Andrews, in Ethics in Practice, contends that there are three aspects to ethical behavior in organizations: the development of the individual as an research for performance, ethical person, the marketing effect of the organization as an ethical or unethical environment, and the actions or procedures developed by on pay, the organization to encourage ethical behavior and discourage unethical behavior. INFLUENCES ON ETHICAL BEHAVIOR.
PRIOR DEVELOPMENT OF INDIVIDUAL AS ETHICAL PERSON. THE ORGANIZATION AS AN ETHICAL ENVIRONMENT. PROCEDURES THAT ENCOURAGE ETHICAL BEHAVIOR. Most of an individual's ethical development occurs before entering an organization. The influence of family, church, community, and school will determine individual values.
The organization, to who was more start cold war essay, a large extent, is dealing with individuals whose value base has been established. This might imply that ethical organizations are those fortunate enough to bring in ethical individuals, while unethical organizations brought in unethical people. But it is not that simple. While the internalized values of research individuals are important, the organization has a major impact on the behavior of its members, and can have a positive or negative influence on their values. Listing Essay! One example of the development of research papers on pay for performance ethical individuals is the service academies. Paper Writing Software! In their admissions processes, the academies attempt to get individuals of good character with the values integral to the military profession. However, the academies also recognize that their core values may be different than those prevalent in society, and they devote considerable effort to the development and internalization of their core values. Papers! As is evident from periodic breaches of integrity at the academies, e.g., cheating scandals, these attempts to instill core values do not always succeed. There are three qualities individuals must possess to make ethical decisions.
The first is the ability to recognize ethical issues and to marketing communications dissertation, reason through the ethical consequences of research papers for performance decisions. The ability to see second and third order effects, one of the elements of strategic thinking, is very important. The second is the ability to look at alternative points of view, deciding what is right in a particular set of circumstances. This is similar to the ability to reframe. And the listing essay third is the ability to deal with ambiguity and uncertainty; making a decision on papers on pay, the best information available. ATTRIBUTES FOR ETHICAL DECISIONS. SEEING SECOND- AND THIRD-ORDER CONSEQUENCES-WARGAMING ETHICAL CONSEQUENCES OF DECISIONS SEEING ALTERNATIVE POINTS OF VIEW-REFRAMING DEALING WITH AMBIGUITY AND UNCERTAINTY-MAKING DECISIONS WITH BEST INFORMATION AVAILABLE. As important as these individual characteristics are, the influence of the organization is equally important. The ethical standards that one observes in the organization will have a significant effect on individual behavior.
People will do what they are rewarded for doing (Andrews). The organization has its greatest impact in the standards it establishes for ethical and unethical conduct in its formal reward systems. Informal norms also have a strong influence on individuals' behavior as do the actions of the dr greg resume leaders of the organization. Strategic leaders must understand that their actions, more than words alone, will determine the operating values in the organization. The influence of the organizational context is underscored in Why Be Honest If Honesty Doesn't Pay? In this article, Bhide and Stevenson note that there often are no economic or other incentives to encourage ethical behavior and discourage unethical behavior.
They contend that it most often is the research dishonest individual who gets ahead, and that cases where unethical behavior was punished are far outweighed by those in which there either were no consequences or unethical behavior was rewarded. The Gordon Ghekkos of the world (the unethical corporate executive played by Michael Douglas in the movie Wall Street) often get ahead, because they rarely are held to account for their actions. While these observations might lead one to a cynical view of ethics in to blame for the of the cold war essay, organizations, Bhide and research papers for performance Stevenson come to a different conclusion. They see room for listing essay optimism despite the papers lack of financial gain for ethical behavior, or the by a human absence of negative consequences for for performance unethical behavior. Their reasoning is based in the fact that so many people do behave ethically, in spite of the apparent lack of gain. Ethical behavior must be intrinsically rewarding; and most people behave ethically because it's the by a expert right thing to do. People are guided by their personal value systems. They often choose the harder right instead of the easier wrong specifically because of their intrinsic values of what is right. Bhide and Stevenson make this caveat: We should remember, however, that this. Research Papers! works only as long as most of us live by an honorable moral compass. Since our trust isn't grounded in self-interest, it is ap language and composition essays 2005 fragile.
And, indeed, we all know of organizations, industries, and even whole societies in which trust has given way either to research on pay, a destructive free-for-all or to inflexible rules and need written human bureaucracy. Only our individual wills, our determination to do what is right, whether or not it is profitable, save us from choosing between chaos and stagnation. Chaloupka, in on pay for performance, Ethical Responses: How to Influence One's Organization, asserts that organization members have only academic paper writing, three choices when confronted with unethical behavior: exit, voice, or loyalty. Exit is the most direct response: if you can't live with behavior that does not meet your own ethical standards, leave. However, exit is not only a direct response, it is a final one, so the personal and organizational consequences must be considered. The most important personal consequences are the costs. On Pay! Where do you go from there? What other options are available? How marketable are you?
Can you afford the financial loss? There are specific organizational consequences as well. Ap Language And Composition! Will the ethics of the organization's leaders change? Will they do business with someone else who doesn't have the high standards you do? In leaving, one gives up the on pay for performance ability to influence the organization directly. When considering exit, one must ask, Could I have had more of an impact by remaining in the organization and trying to change it from within? Voice . This means expressing discomfort with and who was more opposition to the observed unethical behavior. To whom do you voice your objections? The obvious choice is research on pay your supervisor. But what if your supervisor condones the unethical behavior, or worse, is its source?
You may be jeopardizing your position, and maybe your membership in the organization. A second choice is to go to marketing communications dissertation, senior management. This also has potential risk. The senior leadership may be condoning or even directing the on pay for performance unethical behavior. This action may bring your loyalty into question. If so, your objections may be covered up or ignored, and you may end up being forced out of the academic paper organization. On the other hand, it may be that the senior leadership is unaware of the on pay for performance unethical behavior, and you may have initiated an organizational response eliminating unethical behavior and restoring ethical standards. A third option is to go public, to engage in whistleblowing.
This is also risky, because it can lead to reprisals with negative consequences. The level of risk depends on the commitment of the dr greg resume organization to papers on pay for performance, high ethical standards and on its willingness to encourage whistleblowing in its own best interests. Writing Software! Many organizations have shown commitment to ferreting out unethical individuals and maintaining high ethical standards by establishing procedures for anonymous reporting of ethical breaches and safeguards to protect whistleblowers. Exit and voice may be combined. An individual resigns in protest and goes public with his or her reasons for leaving. This leaves the individual vulnerable to the label of an employee who quit before being fired, but it also can lead to increased credibility as someone acting on conviction in spite of personal cost. Exit combined with voice is most effective if taken by someone at the upper levels of the organization. An organization can more easily ignore the exit + voice of a lower level employee than it can the papers on pay for performance resignation of a strategic leader, followed immediately by a press conference. The widely publicized resignation of former President Bush from the National Rifle Association over what he viewed as extreme actions is an example of exit combined with voice. It undoubtedly had a much greater effect on the NRA than the resignation of listing essay someone less well known and respected. The resignation of James Webb as Secretary of the Navy is another example of effective exit combined with voice.
Loyalty . The final response to unethical behavior in an organization is loyalty. This is the alternative to exit. Instead of research papers leaving, the individual remains and tries to change the organization from who was to blame of the cold, within. Loyalty thus discourages or delays exit. Loyalty also may discourage public voice, since being loyal to the organization means trying to solve problems from within without causing public embarrassment or damage. Loyalty can also encourage unethical behavior, particularly in organizations which promote loyalty above all. These organizations discourage exit and voice, and papers basically want their members to go along with organizational practices.
An interesting question is, Can an individual be loyal to an organization by engaging in exit or voice as a response to unethical behavior? Chaloupka maintains that both exit and voice must exist for continued organizational effectiveness. Listing Essay! Additionally, an organization cannot maintain high ethical standards without mechanisms for eliminating unethical behavior. Also, loyalty is research papers on pay not always a virtue. Ap Language Essays 2005! Loyalty should be predicated on research papers for performance, the organization's ethical demonstration that it is a paper resources worthy of research on pay for performance loyalty. If the organization condones unethical behavior, it relieves the individual of any responsibility to be loyal. BUILDING AN ETHICAL CLIMATE. How can the essays strategic leaders of an organization build an for performance, ethical climate? Andrews suggests a number of steps that foster corporate ethics. First are the actions of the strategic leadership and the way they deal with ethical issues. And Composition Essays! The pattern of top leaders' behavior determines organizational values.
A second step is to make explicit ethics policies. Ethical codes are one common example. Research! The next step is to increase awareness of how to apply those ethical codes. Training on how to deal with situations with an paper writing software, ethical dimension, and how to anticipate situations that involve ethical choices, can go a long way toward ethical institutional practices. Another step to research for performance, increase the salience of ethics is to expand the who was for the cold information system to papers, focus on areas where ethics may come into play. Knowing what actually is going on in the organization is essential to understanding the listing essay ethical principles which govern behavior. The information system should also support ethical behavior, and allow the for performance strategic leader to know when or where there are potential ethical breaches so that corrective action can be taken. Need A Paper Written By A Human Resources Expert! The real danger is that when unethical behavior is unnoticed, or not punished, members will assume it is condoned by the organization's leadership. Establishing moral principles means determining the core values which should guide the papers on pay organization.
O'Brien suggests four for consideration: localness, merit, openness, and leanness. By localness, he means adopting a philosophy of start war essay pushing power down to the lowest level possible, and encouraging initiative and autonomy. By merit, he means directing actions toward the overall goals of the organization, and what is best for research on pay for performance all. By openness, he means being forthright and honest in all dealings. And by leanness, he means efficient use of resources and economies when possible. ULTIMATELY, THE QUEST FOR ORGANIZATIONAL TRANSFORMATION MUST BEGIN WITH A PERSONAL COMMITMENT WITHIN EACH INDIVIDUAL TO PURSUE MORAL EXCELLENCE. Encouraging leaders to pursue their own moral development is essays critical at higher levels because strategic leaders set the moral climate for papers on pay for performance the organization.
O'Brien believes that moral development is even more important than professional development. Paper Writing! Creating a culture based on moral excellence requires a commitment among managers to embody and develop two qualities in their leadership: virtue and wisdom. However, creating an organization characterized by moral excellence is a lengthy process. Research For Performance! It involves changing organizational culture, discussed in the next chapter.