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MLA Format: The Complete MLA Citation Guide. The 8th edition of MLA format provides researchers with guidance on paper outline, how to document the narrative essay on teenage, use of others’ work responsibly. Published in April 2016, the british literature paper, new handbook illustrates examples of citations made in the revised style, and explains how to create two types of ryan yale thesis citations: full citations that are placed in a works cited list, and in-text citations, which are abbreviated versions of full citations and located in the body of the work. With the british literature, new and improved MLA citation format, a major change was made to how full citations are created and how MLA works cited pages are formatted. Overall, the style presents a much simpler way to create accurate citations for students and researchers compared to narrative essay past versions. 1. British Literature Research? One standard citation format that applies to every source type.
In previous editions of the style, researchers were required to locate the citation format for the source type that they were citing. For instance, they were trying to cite a scholarly journal article, they would have to ts for essays reference the rules for citing journals. This has become inefficient in modern writing, however, as we are digesting information for a wider variety of sources than ever before. With information readily available in tweets, Facebook posts, blogs, etc., it has become unrealistic for to create citation formats for every source type. To address this, there is now one universal format that researchers can use to create their citations. To properly use this new format, the research paper outline, researcher is ict coursework guide, required to locate the “Core Elements” of their sources. These are what make up the information that will populate the citation.
These core elements can be found in paper, the forms in the MLA citation generator. The “Core Elements” of a citation, along with their corresponding punctuation marks, include the huffman yale, following (in this order): The appropriate punctuation mark must follow each core element, unless it is the final piece. In that situation, the punctuation mark should always be a period. These core elements are then placed within the citation, and generally follow this format: Author. Title.
Title of the container. Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher’s name, Date of publication, Location. Here is an example of how an actual source (in this case, a book) looks when cited using the british literature paper, 8th edition style: Goodwin, Doris. Team of student competition Rivals: The Political Genius of british literature research outline Abraham Lincoln . Simon Shuster, 2012. For more help with creating citations with these core elements, try the MLA citation maker on EasyBib. 2. Inclusion of competition “containers” in citations. When the source you are referencing is literature research paper, actually a small part of statement culture a larger source, such as a chapter within a book, the larger source is called the literature paper, “container,” as it “contains” the smaller source.
Generally, the container is italicized and is followed by a comma. For more details on this, see the ict coursework, examples below. You can also create citations with containers in the MLA citation machine. MLA citation format for citing a title within a container might looks as follows: Source Author(s) Last Name, First Name. “Title of Source.” Container Title , Container Contributor(s) First Name Last Name, Publisher, Date Published, page numbers. Here is an example full citation of how to cite a book chapter using the 8th edition format: Uenten, Wesley Iwao. “Rising Up from a Sea of Discontent: The 1970 Koza Uprising in U.S.
Occupied Okinawa.” Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific , edited by Setsu Shigematsu and Keith L. Camacho, University of british literature research paper outline Minnesota Press, 2010, pp. 91-124. 3. The ability to essay competition use pseudonyms for author names. In order to more efficiently create accurate citations for new source types, it is now acceptable to use online handles or screen names in place of british outline authors’ names. @TwitterHandle. “Content of Tweet.” Twitter, Date, Time, URL (omit http:// or https://). @realDonaldTrump. “I will be having a general news conference on causes of great, JANUARY ELEVENTH in N.Y.C. Thank you.” Twitter , 3 Jan. 2017, 6:58 p.m., twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/816433590892429312. 4. Adding the abbreviations vol. and literature research paper outline, no. to magazine and journal article citations.
In previous versions of the do s essays, style, there was no indication that the numbers in periodical citations referred to the volume and issue numbers. This has changed in the 8 th edition to be clearer to the reader. O’Carol, John. “The Dying of the outline, Epic.” Anthropoetics 30.2 (2011): 48-49. Print. O’Carol, John. “The Dying of the Epic.” Anthropoetics , vol.
30, no. 2, 2011, pp. 48-49. Unlike previous editions, the inclusion of essay on teenage URLs in citations highly recommended by the 8 th edition. Omit “http://” or “https://” from the british paper, URL when including it in a citation.
6. Omitting the city of publication. In previous versions of the citation style, researchers included the city where the publisher was located. Today, this information generally serves little purpose and the city of publication can often be omitted. Only include the do s ts for essays, city of research paper outline publication if the version of the source differs when published in a different country (Example: British editions of books versus versions printed in the United States). 7. Flexibility in citation formatting. In addition to one universal format for all source types, the 8th edition now allows for student competition more flexibility in literature paper outline, citation presentation than previous versions of the style. For example, there is technically no right or wrong way to document a source, and of great depression essay, certain aspects of literature a source can be included or excluded, depending on the focus of the work. For example, if you are citing the movie, Casablanca , and statement chinese culture, your research project focuses on the main character, Rick Blaine, it would be beneficial to your reader for you to include the name of the actor, Humphrey Bogart, in your citation.
Other writers who instead focus on the whole movie in their paper may elect to just include the name of the british literature paper, director in their works cited page. To create the best and most effective citations, you always should think about which pieces of information will help readers easily locate the source you referenced themselves. Your teacher may want you to format your paper using the ryan huffman, guidelines specified in the 8th edition. If you were told to create your citations in this format, your paper should be formatted using the new MLA guidelines as well. Use white 8 ? x 11” paper. Make 1 inch margins on british literature paper outline, the top, bottom, and sides The first word in every paragraph should be indented one half inch. Indent set-off quotations one inch from the left margin Use any type of font that is easy to read, such as Times New Roman.
Make sure that italics look different from the student essay, regular typeface Use 12 point size Double space the research paper, entire research paper, even the causes of great essay, works cited page. Leave one space after periods and other punctuation marks, unless your instructor tells you to make two spaces. You can either create a title page using EasyBib’s Title Page creator or omit the title page completely and literature outline, use a header. To create a MLA header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and and don essays, flush with the left margin. Type your name, your instructor’s name, the course number, and the date on separate lines, using double spaces between each. Double space once more and center the title. Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in all capital letters.
Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in the text. Example: Character Development in The Great Gatsby. British Literature Research Paper Outline? Do not place a period after the title or after any heading. Double space between the title and first lines of the text. Placed in the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin. Type your last name before the page number. (To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page). Huffman Thesis? Do not place p. before the literature paper, page number. Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page.
Ask your instructor for their specific preferences. Should be placed as close as possible to the text that they most closely refer to. Ict Coursework? Label tables with: “Table,” an arabic numeral, and create a title for it. This information should be located above the table, flush left, on british literature paper, separate lines. Narrative Essay On Teenage Pregnancy? Format the title the same way as the title of the paper.
Underneath the table, provide the source and any notes. Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is able to differentiate between the notes of the british research outline, text and the notes of the table. Use double spacing throughout. Label illustrations with: Fig. (short for figure), assign an arabic number, and provide a caption. The label and caption should appear underneath the essay pregnancy, illustration. **If the table or illustration’s caption gives complete information about the source and the source isn’t cited in the text, there is no need to include the citation in the works cited page.
Label musical scores with: Ex. (short for Example), assign it an Arabic numeral, and literature research, provide a caption. Ict Coursework? The label and caption should appear below the musical illustration. The 8th edition recommends that numbers are spelled out if the british paper, number can be written with one or two words. For larger numbers, write the number itself. One, forty four, one hundred, 247, 2 ?, 101. If the project calls for frequent use of numbers (such as a scientific study or statistics), use numerals that precede measurements. 247 milligrams, 5 pounds. Here are some other formatting tips to keep in mind: Do not start sentences with a numeral, spell out the number. Always use numerals before abbreviations or symbols, ex.
6 lbs. In divisions, use numbers, ex: In page 5 of the study. The purpose of an MLA works cited list is to of great display the sources that were used for a project, and to give credit to the original authors of the works that were consulted for a project. Works Cited lists are typically found at the very end of a project. Citations are what make up a works cited list. Here are some tips on how to create a works cited list for your citations: Citations are listed in alphabetical order by outline, the first word in the citation, which is typically the last name of the ryan yale thesis, author.
Each citation should have a hanging indent. When there are two or more sources with the same author, only include the author’s name in the first citation. British Outline? In the second or subsequent citations, use three hyphens in place of the author’s name, followed by a period. Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution.
Oxford UP, 2007. – – -. Guide? Colonial America . British Literature? Oxford UP, 1999. Connell, James. Of Great Depression Essay? “The Battle of Yorktown: What Don’t We Know?” The American History Journal, vol. 19, no. Research Outline? 6, 2005, pp. 36-43. Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution.
Oxford UP, 2007. – – -. Colonial America . Oxford UP, 1999. The Patriot. Directed by narrative essay on teenage, Roland Emmerich, performed by Mel Gibson and Heath Ledger. Literature Outline? Columbia Pictures, 2002. The 8th edition also has standardized rules regarding the formatting of titles within citations. Here are some of the rules pertaining to titles in the new MLA format:
When citing book titles, always enter the full title, in italics, followed by student competition, a period. See the research, MLA format citation below: Last Name, First Name. Italicized Title . Publisher, Publication Year. When citing periodicals, place the title of the article in quotes, with a period at the end of the guide, title. The italicized title of the periodical follows, along with a comma. An MLA format example is below: Last Name, First Name. “Title of the Article.” Periodical Title.” Publication Year, Page Numbers. When citing a website, the title of the paper outline, web page or article is placed in quotation marks, with a period before the end quotation. The title of the website is written in italics followed by a comma.
If the name of the publisher differs from the name of the website, include it after the title. Student? Immediately following the publisher is the date that the page or article was published, or posted. Finally, end with the URL. The URL is the website’s address. The citation format is as follows: Author’s Last name, First name. Literature Research Outline? “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the essay, website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. Click here for british research outline additional information on statement, website titles. Giving credit to the author of works that you use in your research paper is not only important for citation accuracy, but will prevent plagiarism. In order to paper include the author’s name in your citation, follow the guidelines listed below:
Author formatting: Olsen, Gregg. Citation example: Olsen, Gregg. If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and the Murder of Her Children . St. Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. Depression? 18-22. Place the british outline, authors in ryan huffman yale thesis, the order in british paper outline, which they appear on the source. Note that only the lead author’s name is culture, listed last name first; all additional authors are listed by their first name, middle initial if applicable, and then last name: Author formatting: Bernecker, Sven, and Fred Dretske. Citation example: Bernecker, Sven, and literature research paper, Fred Dretske. Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology. Statement Chinese Culture? Oxford: UP, 2007.
List the author’s last name, first name, and then middle initial if applicable. Follow it with a comma, and then add et al. in place of the additional authors: Author formatting: George, Michael L., et al. Citation example: George, Michael L., et al. The Lean Six Sigma Pocket Toolbook. McGraw-Hill, 2005. In cases where the person responsible for creating a work is someone other than the author, such as an british literature research outline, editor, producer, performer, or artist, always include the ryan yale thesis, individual’s role after the name: Kansaker, Tej Ratna, and Mark Turin, editors.
When citing works of entertainment, such as film or television, include the name and role of the person on whom you’ve focused: Byrne, Rose, performer. *Note: If you are writing about a film or television show that does not focus on an individual’s role, omit the author’s name and start the citation with the british literature paper outline, title. If a corporation is the author of the text, include the full name of the corporation: The American Heart Association. Treat the translator as the author. You should do this only if the ryan, focus of research your paper is on the original translated work. Include the name of the original creator after the title, preceded by the word “By”:
Author formatting: Rabassa, Gregory, translator. Citation example: Rabassa, Gregory, translator. One Hundred Years of Solitude. Ict Coursework Guide? By Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Random House, 1995. When no author is given in a text, omit this section and start the literature paper outline, citation with the title. Sources can be released in different versions, or forms. For example, a book can have various versions – such as a first edition or a second edition, even an updated edition. Of Great Essay? A movie can have an british literature research, unrated or an uncut version. It is important to communicate to the reader which version was used to help them locate the exact source themselves.
For books, if it is a specific numbered edition, type out the numeral and use the abbreviation “ed.” for edition. If no specific version is mentioned or located, omit this information from the citation. Examples of essay competition 8th edition citations for sources with various versions: Weinberger, Norman M. British Paper Outline? “The Auditory System and Elements of Music” The Psychology of student essay competition Music, edited by Diana Deutsch, 2nd ed., Academic Press, 1999, p.61. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=A3jkobk4yMMClpg=PP1dq=psychologypg=PR6#v=onepageq=psychologyf=false. JFK. Performance by Kevin Costner, directed by Oliver Stone, director’s cut ed., Warner Home Video, 2008. When including the research outline, date of publication, there aren’t any set rules to how the thesis, date should be input into the citation.
For example, you can use May 5, 2016 or 5 May 2016. What does matter is consistency. British Literature Outline? Whichever way the date is placed in one citation, the same format should be used in the other citations in your project. Names of months that use more than four letters are written with abbreviations. Regarding new MLA in text citations, the rules are the statement culture, same as in british research, previous versions of the causes of great essay, style. Research Paper? When using a direct quote or paraphrasing an author’s work, place an in-text citation after the ict coursework, borrowed information. Generally, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote or paraphrase, but it is acceptable to insert it in a place, soon after, that allows for a natural pause while reading. (Author Last Page Number[s]). Ready to start citing?
See the information and examples below to get started creating citations for the most popular source types. Author’s Last name, First name. Title of the work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year the book was published, page number(s). Roth, Veronica. Divergent. Katherine Tegen Books, 2011. Olsen, Gregg, and Rebecca Morris. If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and the Murder of Her Children.
St. Literature Research Paper? Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22. Matthews, Graham, et al. Disaster Management in Archives, Libraries, and Museums. Ashgate, 2009.
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of chapter or section.” Title of the work, translated by or edited by essay competition, First Name Last name, vol. British Research Outline? number, Publisher, Year the competition, book was published, page number(s). Montrose, Louis. “Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies.” The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in the Courtly World, 1500-2000, edited by Regina Schulte, Berghahn, 2006, pp. 61-87. How to Cite an E-book Found Online: Author’s last name, First name. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the e-book, translated by or edited by First name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year of publication, page number(s). Title of the web site or database, URL. Austen, Jane, and Seth Grahame-Smith. Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. Quirk, 2015. Research Outline? Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=x5xPaPeZzmUClpg=PP1dq=zombiespg=PP1#v=onepageq=zombiesf=false. Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Gold Bug.” Short Stories for English Courses, Edited by Rosa M.R.
Mikels, 2004. Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5403/pg5403-images.html. Author’s last name, First name. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the e-book, translated by or edited by First name Last name, Name of e-reader device, vol. number, Publisher, Year of publication, page number(s). Doer, Anthony. Thesis Statement? All the Light We Cannot See. Kindle ed., Scribner, 2014. Author’s Last name, First name. Literature Paper? “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. White, Lori. “The Newest Fad in People Helping People: Little Free Pantries.” Upworthy, Cloud Tiger Media, 3 Aug. 2016, www.upworthy.com/the-newest-fad-in-people-helping-people-little-free-pantries?g=2c=hpstream. MLA Citation Website with no author: “Title of the do s and don essays, Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. “Giant Panda.” Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institute, 2004, nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/giantpandas/pandafacts.
How to Cite a Website with no webpage title: Webpage Description. Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. General Information on literature research paper, the New York Mets. NYCData, The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY, www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/sports/nymets.htm. How to thesis culture Cite a Journal Article found on a Database: Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the article.” Title of the journal , First name Last name of any other contributors (if applicable), Version (if applicable), Numbers (such as a volume and issue number), Publication date, Page numbers. Title of the database, URL or DOI. Brian, Real, et al. “Rural Public Libraries and Digital Inclusion: Issues and Challenges.” Information and Technology Libraries , vol.
33, no. 1, Mar. 2014, pp. 6-24. ProQuest, ezproxy.nypl.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/docview/1512388143?accountid=35635. How to Cite a Journal Article found in Print: Author’s Last name, First name ” Title of the british literature paper outline, article.” Title of Journal , Volume, Issue, Year, pages. Bagchi, Alaknanda. “Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi’s Bashai Tudu .” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, vol.
15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50. Follow the causes of great, formula for citing a book. Cite the author of the british paper, essay, the name of the essay, the name of the collection, the editor of the thesis statement, collection, the publication information, and the page number(s) of the research, essay. How to Cite an Image from a Website: If there is no title available for the image, include a brief description of the image instead.
Creator’s Last name, First name. “Title of the digital image.” Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.
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‘Some of the british research outline More Mundane Moments in Life Make Great Essays’ 1:48 p.m. | Updated For a follow-up post synthesizing reader comments on this subject, click here . Reflections on a critical month in the admissions process, by narrative on teenage David L. Marcus, author of literature research outline “Acceptance.” Here’s an thesis chinese essay that’s sure to make an admissions officer reach for the triple grande latte to stay awake: “I spent [choose one: a summer vacation/a weekend/three hours] volunteering with the literature research poor in [Honduras/ Haiti/ Louisiana] and realized that [I am privileged/I enjoy helping others/people there are happy with so little] .” Yes, the admissions folks have read it before. On Teenage. Many times.
“I would love to have a student answer the question, ‘Why is it that you have everything and literature research, they have nothing?’ ” said Cezar Mesquita, admissions director at do s and don ts for, the College of Wooster. “Or ‘What did others learn from british paper, your participation in the trip?’” For many seniors, choosing the topic for thesis statement chinese a personal statement is more difficult than actually writing the british research piece. But don’t fret. “Some of the more mundane moments in life make great essays,” Christopher Burkmar, Princeton University’s associate dean of ict coursework admissions, assured guidance counselors at a conference last month. For example, Mr. Burkmar said he had recently savored a few hundred words about a family’s dinner conversations.
“The best essays make us laugh, cry or wince,” said Matthew Whelan, Stony Brook University’s assistant provost for admissions and financial aid. “They help us understand why we want the applicant here.” One of literature research outline Mr. Whelan’s current favorites: “The young man who puts his siblings on the bus in the morning because both parents are working, then gets them off the bus, cooks them dinner and helps with homework because both parents are still working.” At times, taking a risk pays off. Stacey Davey, associate director of statement chinese admissions at Adelphi University, said she was impressed by the raw prose of a girl who battled an eating disorder. She wrote a letter to her former best friend — it was addressed to her skinny jeans. British Literature Research. “She realized that getting into them was self destructive.” Humility is often attractive.
The Rochester Institute of Technology was intrigued by a valedictorian who wanted to take an arc welding class in high school. Her high school rebuffed her because she was an honors student, but she persisted. On the first day of class, she burned her hand. “I remember the essay, her name and her school from 17 years ago,” said Robert Springall, who was at R.I.T. at the time and competition, is now Bucknell University’s admissions dean. On the other hand, Mr. Springall was working at literature research paper outline, Cornell when an applicant revealed that while waitressing she got angry at a customer and spit in his food before serving it. “Immediate red flag,” Mr. Statement Chinese. Springall recalled. “She makes poor choices.” Last winter, I spent a week observing a Stony Brook admissions officer as he pored over applications.
I was struck by the number of students rhapsodizing about expensive travel or service projects in research, exotic locales, seemingly unaware that classmates were pinched by a recession. Also avoid breezy David Letterman “Top 10” lists, which raise more questions than they answer, said Jennifer Fondiller, admissions dean at Barnard College. Some subjects are inappropriate. Student Essay. A few years ago, a top student applying to literature paper outline Texas Christian University reminisced about torturing frogs when he was younger. The admissions dean, Raymond Brown, kept reading, hoping for at least a few words of apology or epiphany.
Nothing. The applicant was rejected. “Probably not a good choice of topic,” Mr. Brown explained, “when you’re applying to a school whose mascot is a frog.” Have you got essay advice to pass on, borne of personal experience or otherwise? Use the comment box below to let us know. Mr. Marcus is the author of “Acceptance: A Legendary Guidance Counselor Helps Seven Kids Find the Right Colleges – and Find Themselves” (Penguin Press), and a former education reporter at essay on teenage, Newsday and U.S. News and World Report. Outline. At the end of this month, he will take on a new post directing public relations for do s and don the New York Institute of Technology. Comments are no longer being accepted.
The New York Times and so many other media outlets constantly interview admissions officers who constantly cite very BRIEF examples of british literature research what they consider great essays. Can’t these admissions officers get permission from statement, some of these essay writers and then post the essays online? I REALLY want to see these “wonderful” essays myself. It’s completely worthless to talk about these essays without actually showing us one. Every year — for the next 1,000 years — every newspaper will run an article about british literature research paper essays written by causes of great essay applicants for colleges.
And all of these articles will provide nothing useful for british paper future applicants. I think that students should not have to write an essay for admittance to a post secondary education. How does anyone know if they actually wrote it? Once they are admitted to university or college it is up to them to narrative essay pregnancy learn how to be university students and remedy deficiencies. Research Paper Outline. The SAT test may seem to be a good idea, but it gives an edge to of great essay students whose parents can afford tutoring. British Outline. Nor is it fair to students who have real problems related to ryan yale testing. All that this article tells us is what bored admissions officers enjoy reading to brighten up their dreary days. It is a waste of the applicant’s time cooking up some entertaining stories, especially if the story might not even be written by the applicants.
It is a bad idea to let some self-confessed past events to help or derail the applicant’s admission and academic future. If the admission officers really want to british outline get a feel for the applicants, conduct an online interview using Skype or similar technology. I wasn’t given a specific topic for my entry essay — somehow I had the brainstorm to write about three or for instances where I’d failed at essay, something or something I’d been working on had gone haywire. I think my ultimate point back then was “but they’ve all given me funny stories, so it’s okay.” Today, just as back then, I can still laugh when things go haywire (my foibles usually tend to have an british literature research paper outline element of the ridiculous to do s essays them, for some reason), but I think now that the hidden genius in british paper outline, that idea was that the admissions office also figured, “hey, this student knows how to handle setbacks with grace. Good.” Does it make any difference whether the essay applicant wrote the british paper essay himself or if it was edited by any number of people? I would think that most application essays are of the on teenage pregnancy latter type. I am a high school English teacher who teaches a unit on writing the college essay for my junior class. I am always looking for new model essays to literature show to my students as well.
There are a few good books out huffman, there that publish sample college essays. Paper. In addition, you should check out Connecticut College’s website. They have a section on their site named “Essays That Worked” where they post several great essays each year. Did you not notice that all of the essays discussed above reflected the narrative essay character and life experiences, positive or not, of the writers? There’s no magic potion or winning template an applicant can follow to write a successful essay – that’s why colleges require them. I wrote my application essay for Wesleyan about the impact that Dr. Seuss had on my formative years. Wrote much of it in literature, Seuss-style verse. It worked. commenter #1: this article is thesis statement chinese culture about “choosing the topic for a personal statement”, not about its construction or complete content.
There are plenty of college prep manuals that provide examples of well-written essays. commenter #2: you seem to be opposed to both essays and SAT scores. What measures would you suggest? Only the GPA? That has its problems too, such as grade inflation and british literature paper outline, extenuating circumstances.
Interviews? Very useful, but difficult to standardize. You’re correct that an essay’s authorship can’t be certain, but its topic and content will always reveal something about the student’s choices and the way they want to present themselves. As with the first commenter, you should realize that the do s and don ts for intention of this article is to paper outline encourage the creative choice of an essay topic, in light of the fact that an essay is usually required. Now, the author has asked for our essay advice. Mine is very much in line with the ideas in the article: make sure the culture essay is both interesting and informative.
Surely you’ve had at least one remarkable experience in your life that you can describe, illuminating how it shaped your character or your hopes in life. If you haven’t, perhaps you should take a year off and british literature research paper outline, go do something extraordinary. You will know you’ve written a good essay when you can be sure that the admissions officer will remember it with pleasure if, once you’re on of great depression campus, you happen to british literature research meet that officer and guide, say, “I don’t know if you read my essay, but I’m the student who wrote about…” The application requested a list of books read for literature paper the last year considered important/transformative. This was the jumping off point to discuss the rediscovery of narrative on teenage children’s literature – the pithiness as well as the potential deeper lessons, often psychological. (And the difficulty of this.) And, the college essay is the opportunity to paint oneself as a person and british literature research paper, not a as composite number – ACT/SAT, GPA, secondary school reputation/rigorousness, a litany of do s ts for extracurricular activities (that used to research paper outline be unusual and are now the norm.) Thus, the chinese topic of the research paper outline essay reflect who you are as much as your accomplishment(s) including as an English user. You could opt for a poem as much as an “essay.” Honduras/Haiti/Louisiana?
Ouch. I have to tell you, it’s really great having a Times blog reduce your home state to a third-world stereotype. Another piece of advise I would like to contribute as a recent college graduate who when applying early decision to my ideal Universtiy struggled with an essay topic: I think it’s very effective to bring the reader into a moment of on teenage your life, as in, a very descriptive paragraph of research outline a moment in time, in your personal life, where the admissioners officer can feel your surroundings and narrative essay on teenage pregnancy, be present in research paper outline, that moment with you. I think it’s important for ryan thesis readers to get into the heads of the applicants, feel the literature research paper outline rythm of statement chinese these young lives. If you can help the reader to relate and understand the thoughts, feelings, and movements of the british literature research outline writer, then you have them hooked. Colleges need to narrative essay pregnancy tamp down the obsession for a “memorable” essay. Outline. Students applying to college are kids generally in the the age group 17-19, with limited experiences and still forming as adults. The expectation that they have “discovered themselves” or thrived through a “great adversity” is rare. This extreme emphasis on the “great american college essay” often leads to is an essay that has been edited extensively by more experienced hands and is designed to deceive through embellishments.
Your educational opportunity hangs upon the snap judgment of an admissions committee member. In your career it will be the same, though usually without an essay. My advice to a college applicant: get coached on the essay, by someone from the other side if possible: a professor or an HR manager. But in the end it’s a crap-shoot. The reader of your essay might decide you are honest, or too good a faker; charmingly naive, or stupid; humble, or withlow self-esteem; creative, or too given to fantasies. It’s all about the reader, not the applicant. As the parent of a college student and a HS junior, the advice that has served my children well is to write about something that the thesis statement chinese reviewer cannot learn elsewhere in your application.
If you took that community service trip to Honduras last summer, it’s going to be listed elsewhere. Ditto the volunteer hours at research outline, the local hospital. Write about something they cannot learn from your resume or your activities list. a small moment that tells the huffman reviewer something about you that would otherwise not be revealed. Thanks for the cite to the Connecticut College “Essays that worked.” That’s a nice resource, and also a nice honor for those students they’ve picked to feature. I’ll add a caveat, though. That style of essay is generally inappropriate for a student applying to graduate school in the sciences. Even, for british research paper example, if your motivation for joining a psychology program is a brother with autism, that motivation should be a minor part of your essay.
What the essay needs to ict coursework guide focus on is your interest in literature research paper, what the education will offer (not a cure to autism, usually), and your ability to ict coursework guide do the work to benefit from that education. It’s a different style, and it’s very noticeable when “undergrad” essays are re-cycled for graduate school. The Greatest novel ever written was based on the course of one day in literature paper, one city by one man, Ulysses by James Joyce. Competition. One of the greatest rock conceptual songs was based on british literature research the course of one person going to work, “A Day in the Life” by the Beatles. It is not the chinese culture mundane everyday events, but the interpretation of the underlying significance. Jane Austen explored much of the interior space of the characters, even when the everyday events were inconsequential. But don’t put me to sleep with the british literature research paper outline mundane insignificance of your life. The psychology can be illuminating. When it is well done, it can be enlightening. I spend my days teaching high school students how to guide write their application essays, and the advice I give them – based on conversations with admissions officers all over british literature paper outline, the country – never varies:
1. Your application essay is a story about you. It’s not about poor orphans in Ecuador or your Great Aunt Lucy or the time you ran for student government. It’s about how that person or experience affected you. Are you different now? Did you learn something meaningful about do s yourself? 2. A personal essay should answer two important questions: 1) What happened; and 2) Why does it matter. Students often have a hard time with the “Why does it matter” part. 3) Your writing voice is unique, personal and special. Let it shine through. Don’t get too much help polishing your work, or your voice will get lost. Students call me all the time asking me to “fix” their essays.
The answer is no. Everyone has a story to tell. If more students (and parents!) would relax and let those stories emerge, the essay wouldn’t seem like such a stumbling block, and instead would be seen as the opportunity it is – to tell people who will never meet you something real about yourself. I got accepted early into british research outline, an Ivy League school back in 1994; I wrote my application essay about one day spent with my older sister and our relationship. Basically, the essay was about thoughts and questions I was having while we were on a bus together and then when we arrived at our destination, the resolution we reached.
Nothing splashy about exotic community service. The elephant in the room is that so many parents now hire people to write or heavily edit the essay. Is honesty still the yale thesis best policy, given that it puts the honest student at a distinct disadvantage? I checukled at british outline, the Hait/Honduras/Louisiana trifecta. If I was an causes of great depression essay admissions officer, I would ask “aren’t there people closer to you who could benefit from your volunteer efforts?” You don’t need to go far to make a difference; there are needy people in every community in the country. Being about to british paper send in essay, college applications myself, and british literature research paper, having written about a span of just 10 minutes’ time, I found this post/article extremely reassuring. I was always worried that, since I never went on thesis chinese culture any flashy community service trips over summers (unlike atleast half my graduating class will have), I would never get into college. Thankfully, this isn’t so; and college essays don’t need to british literature paper outline be about a glamorous topic to make the reader think and enjoy them. I advise students to narrative pregnancy read plenty of examples of strong essays in advance of beginning any brainstorming or writing. There are a number of british research paper outline books on the market and websites to help.
Then I like to choose a couple of those sample essays and have the student identify three things or traits that were revealed about the do s and don essays writer/applicant. For example, family is important as revealed by the catchy beginning that showed the writer/applicant having a deep discussion with an older sibling. Literature Paper. Or the ict coursework writer is profoundly interested in studying French and is willing to british literature research paper outline take on challenges outside her comfort zone as revealed by the reference to studying abroad in a full-immersion exchange program. Or the writer values community as revealed by the eloquent description of her role within the student corps d’ ballet, and how she provides support to british paper and draws on the strength of her fellow dancers. Then I ask, “what do you want to reveal about yourself that’s important to you?” Other tips I reinforce include: economy of words, keep it simple and straightforward, use your own voice, do get feedback from someone but no more than three people who you respect (I like one of those people to be a well-read and scholarly peer who knows you well), and student essay, don’t be afraid to abandon essays that just aren’t working. My second-year Yale daughter abandoned at least four essays before hitting on a few she loved and used for her applications.
Remember to use the first person; it’s about british outline you, the writer, and it is huffman yale personal. Literature Research Paper Outline. Avoid the passive voice. Use a “show and tell” approach; your essay should include catchy anecdotes that paint a picture along with reflective “tells’ about things you learned or discovered. Start early. Admission-winning essays are not the same essays that are thrown together the night before an application is and don ts for due. British Literature. Have fun!
This can be a therapeutic, enlightening, reflective process that will help you get to know yourself better and make you a better writer.
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15 Sample Athletic Resumes and Letters. (I’ve added other resources since I originally published this article so I#8217;m now up to 22 samples. Recently, I#8217;ve only been adding resources that offer something other than a generic resume template. British Literature Research Outline. However, if I come across a great sample only resume, I#8217;ll be sure to include it.) There are plenty of samples of athletic resumes/profiles on the internet. Essay Competition. It’s just tedious going through all the search results to find something useful. Well, I’ve just saved you the trouble–you can thank me later. And yes, you should have an athletic resume. If for no other reason, having the resume will allow you to british research, easily complete all of the online profiles teams require prospects to complete. This way the information will be all in statement chinese, one place. The following is a list resources I’ve found and actually opened and looked at. I’ve divided them into two sections, the first has some sort of additional recruiting information along with the british outline, samples. The second section includes just sample resume and student essay, letters.
With the exception of the first document, they are in british literature research paper, no particular order. The resources in the samples only section aren’t any better or worse than those that provide some sort of thesis statement chinese culture guide as well. In fact, I’ve included some even if I didn’t think they were so great (and indicate such) so you might only open these to literature research outline, use for comparison purposes. I didn’t include just one best because sometimes you’ll find the best solution for you is to use a little something from a variety of sources. For all of these sources, be sure to guide, double-check with the NCAA and NAIA for the latest information since very few of these guides are updated on a regular basis. The College Planning Guide for research, Student Athletes by the New Hampshire Higher Education Assistance Foundation Network.
This is essay competition one resource I recommend everyone download. Literature. It includes a sample resume and cover letter but so much more. It provides an overview of the different NCAA divisions along with the percentage of athletes going pro. There is a sample in-season Division 1 athlete schedule to show the time commitment required. Other information includes Recruitment: Myths Facts; Tips for of great depression, Campus Visits; Marketing Yourself; and a comprehensive list of important terms.
Team Evanston College Soccer Recruitment Guide for Parents and british literature, Players. Comprehensive guide for soccer recruiting. Guide. Includes usual timelines, samples, and british outline, contact info but also explains different college umbrella organizations and basic financial aid information. West Islip High School Guide to the College Bound Athlete. Comprehensive guide including profile, sample letter, and questions to statement chinese culture, ask. Contains information on 2016 eligibility changes and New York state specific schools. St. Ignatius College Prep Planning Guide for the College Bound Student Athlete.
Comprehensive guide that includes a checklist grid you can use for tracking your recruiting contacts with colleges. Only sample letter I’ve come across that actually mentions graduation rates. Literature Paper. Academy of the Holy Cross The NCAA College: What You Need to Know About Playing Competitive Sports in College. Contains a sample volleyball resume and cover letter. Overall guide to recruiting process and includes the essay on teenage, most recent changes in the NCAA academic eligibility rules. South Windsor A College Admissions Guide for the Student Athlete. British Outline. From 2007 so double-check the NCAA information.
Includes sample letters of introduction, 2 resumes, questions to ask, detailed timelines, and addresses core course rule. Essay On Teenage. Peddie School A Guide for College Bound Student-Athletes. Basic overview with an paper, explanation on the National Letter of Intent. Includes sample athletic resume (useful), sample letter (useful), questions to essay, ask, and check list. Knoxville Catholic High School College Athletics and Recruiting Handbook. Detailed description of the recruiting process. Provides numbers of players who make it to the next level and british research, what it means when a coach contacts you. Includes a sample letter, sample athletic resume, and sample follow-up letter. Deerfield High School College Bound Student-Athlete Planning Guide. Essay Pregnancy. Good, concise overview of the recruiting process.
Includes sample resume, sample letter, checklists, timeline, and british literature research paper, questions to ask. Collegiate Soccer Academy Soccer Resume. Only resume I#8217;ve seen that includes an a link to a video setup as an image so that it look embedded. Website also includes pre- and post-tournament sample letters to thesis statement culture, college coaches as well as other resources. Montgomery County Public Schools The Student Athlete#8217;s Game Plan. Like other guides, the NCAA information is probably dated. However, besides the sample letter and literature, profiles, it includes a section on the role of school personnel in culture, the application process. Capital Area Soccer League College Guide and College Letter Samples. Literature Outline. Overview of the recruiting process with sample letter and resume. Includes section directed to parents and useful Questions and essay, Answers section. NCSA Writing a Recruiting Resume.
Includes how to write an introduction, what academic information to include as well as specific information for football, basketball, baseball, soccer, volleyball, and softball. T20 Aquatics. Basic sports resume for a swimmer. Provides sample correspondence with coaches for monthly updates, unofficial visit, and post-recruit trip. My College Tracker. Includes a sample letter and profile. Paper. I wouldn’t use them. The profile is just basic headings. The letter is too generic and comes across as you not knowing anything about the essay, coach, school, or recruiting rules. Gateway Region Volleyball Sample Athletic Resume.
The focus is volleyball but still a good example to use. Orinda Aquatics Sports Resume, Cover Letter Correspondence. Word document that has a sample resume, coaches letter, and samples of other letters to keep the coach updated including a thank you letter. (In links after Junior Year) Campolindo High School Sample Student-Athlete Resume. Nothing special but some might find the sample letter useful. Chesapeake Lacrosse Sample Resume and Cover Letters. Basic sample letter and resume. Midwest Water Polo Sample Resume and Cover Letter. I think the letter is british paper outline a little over done but might be helpful for people looking for ict coursework, different phrases. Humble Sample Athletic Resume.
Something to look at literature, if only for student essay competition, formatting ideas. This is the format for the profile I used for research paper, my son (DIY Profile). Castro Valley Soccer Club PDF soccer resume template. Nice set-up for club members since they only ict coursework, have to fill-in the blanks. Make Sure You Send Your Profile to the Schools Will Recruit You. Literature Research Paper. (Try the depression, sample spreadsheet below) [#8230;] together a player profile that you can mail or email a coach as a follow-up to your phone [#8230;] [#8230;] are a variety of ways to format an athletic profile for baseball. And, yes, you want to have an british research paper, athletic profile you can print out or email to [#8230;] [#8230;] of this assumes that you have an athletic profile as well as video available. If you don#8217;t, take care of it before you make the phone call. [#8230;] [#8230;] questionnaire until they#8217;re actually being recruited, they need to make sure they include the relevant information on their own profiles. But they can probably skip listing their [#8230;] [#8230;] 15 Sample Athletic Resumes and Letters [#8230;] [#8230;] 15 Sample Athletic Resumes and Letters No matter the sport, you#8217;re going to have to put together an athletic resume that shows your accomplishments. There is no #8220;right#8221; way to do it but it must be done. This post has links to useful examplesfind the one that works for you. [#8230;] [#8230;] together your athletic profile so it can be easily [#8230;] [#8230;] academic resume is not the same thing as an athletic profile which is do s essays a necessary part of the athletic recruiting [#8230;] [#8230;] 15 Sample Athletic Resumes and Letters Michelle Kretzschmar of DIY College Rankings has put together an excellent listing of resources to help with athletic recruiting resumes, but these resources also so much more to literature research paper outline, help with the culture, athletic recruiting process. [#8230;]
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Complete Guide to Ethics Management: An Ethics Toolkit for Managers. (This guide is located at http://managementhelp.org/businessethics/ethics-guide.htm on the Web.) The profession of business ethics has long needed a highly practical resource that is designed particularly for leaders and managers -- those people charged to literature paper outline, ensure ethical practices in their organizations. Narrative Essay On Teenage! Unfortunately, far too many resources about business ethics end up being designed primarily for philosophers, academics and social critics. As a result, leaders and managers struggle to really be able to make use of the resources at all. Also, far too many resources about business ethics contain sensationalistic stories about businesses gone bad or prolonged preaching to businesses to do the right thing. These resources often explore simplistic ethical questions, such as Should Jane steal from the british research company? The real world of do s essays leaders and managers is often much more complex than that. This guide is a straightforward and highly practical tool designed to help leaders and managers implement comprehensive ethics management systems in their workplaces -- systems to deal with the complex, ethical issues that can occur in the day-to-day realities of leading and managing an organization.
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Document Fills a Void of Practical Business Ethics Information for Leaders and Managers. Current Literature is Focused on literature outline, Needs of causes depression Philosophers, Academics and Social Critics -- Leaders and literature research paper outline Managers Require More Practical Information About Managing Ethics. Managing ethics in the workplace holds tremendous benefit for leaders and managers, benefits both moral and practical. This is particularly true today when it is critical to understand and manage highly diverse values in the workplace. But it isn't from lack of examples that managers aren't better at managing ethics in the workplace -- they require more practical information about managing ethics. This problem was explained very well by Stark in his article, What's the Matter with Business Ethics? published in the Harvard Business Review (1993, May/June, pp. 38-48). Brenner (Journal of Business Ethics, V11, pp.
391:399) notes while much has been written about individual components of ethics programs, especially about codes of yale thesis ethics, the literature is much more limited on ethics programs. Wong and Beckman (Journal of literature paper outline Business Ethics, V11, pp. Of Great! 173-178) note that researchers are claiming that current literature is british research paper outline filled with strong arguments for and don more ethical corporate leadership and incorporation of ethics in business curriculum, but what is conspicuously missing is the how to in actually putting ethical goals and theories into research paper practical action. Lack of involvement from leaders and managers in the field of business ethics (again, this is the narrative on teenage pregnancy fault of no one or of everyone) has spawned a great deal of confusion and british literature misunderstanding among leaders and managers about business ethics. McDonald and Zepp, in their article What Should Be Done? A Practical Approach to Business Ethics (Management Decision, 28, 1, 1990, pp. 9-13), note that when someone brings up the topic of business ethics . it tends to bring up cynicism, righteousness, paranoia, and laughter.
Many leaders and managers believe business ethics is religion because it seems to contain a great deal of preaching. Or, they believe it to be superfluous because it seems to merely assert the obvious: do good! Stark notes that often ethicists advance a kind of moral absolutism that avoids many of the difficult and most interesting questions. Case studies to student essay competition, explore ethical dilemmas are often far too simplistic, presented as if every real-life situation has a right and wrong e.g., should I lie, cheat or steal? Consequently, many managers believe business ethics is irrelevant because too much business ethics training avoids the real-to-life complexities in leading organizations. (This document contains samples of real-to-life, complex ethical dilemmas, in a subsection, Examples of Real-to-Life Complex Ethical Dilemmas in the upcoming section Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas.) Bob Dunn, President and CEO of San Francisco-based Business for Social Responsibility, explains, Ethical decisions aren't as easy as they used to british research outline, be. Now, they're the difference between right -- and and don ts for essays right. British Research Paper! Preston Townley, in his speech Business Ethics: Commitment to Tough Decisions (Vital Speeches, January 1992, pp.
208-211), states that . Causes Of Great Depression Essay! it ought to be fairly easy to research paper outline, choose between right and wrong by relying on thesis statement, principles, but business activity often demands that we select from british literature paper alternatives that are neither wholly right or wholly wrong. Simply put, ethics involves learning what is right or wrong, and then doing the right thing -- but the causes depression essay right thing is not nearly as straightforward as conveyed in a great deal of research business ethics literature. Most ethical dilemmas in the workplace are not simply a matter of Should Bob steal from Jack? or Should Jack lie to essay competition, his boss? (Many ethicists assert there's always a right thing to do based on moral principle, and others believe the literature paper outline right thing to do depends on the situation -- ultimately it's up to the individual.) Many philosophers consider ethics to be the science of conduct. Twin Cities consultants Doug Wallace and John Pekel (of the Twin Cities-based Fulcrum Group; 651-714-9033; e-mail at [email protected]) explain that ethics includes the fundamental ground rules by ryan huffman thesis which we live our lives. British Literature Paper Outline! Philosophers have been discussing ethics for at least 2500 years, since the time of Socrates and Plato. Many ethicists consider emerging ethical beliefs to be state of the art legal matters, i.e., what becomes an ethical guideline today is often translated to a law, regulation or rule tomorrow. Values which guide how we ought to behave are considered moral values, e.g., values such as respect, honesty, fairness, responsibility, etc. Of Great Essay! Statements around how these values are applied are sometimes called moral or ethical principles. The concept has come to british paper outline, mean various things to various people, but generally it's coming to know what it right or wrong in the workplace and doing what's right -- this is in regard to effects of products/services and in relationships with stakeholders. Wallace and Pekel explain that attention to business ethics is critical during times of fundamental change -- times much like those faced now by businesses, both nonprofit or for-profit.
In times of fundamental change, values that were previously taken for pregnancy granted are now strongly questioned. Many of these values are no longer followed. Consequently, there is no clear moral compass to guide leaders through complex dilemmas about what is right or wrong. Attention to british research paper outline, ethics in the workplace sensitizes leaders and staff to how they should act. Perhaps most important, attention to ethics in the workplaces helps ensure that when leaders and managers are struggling in times of crises and confusion, they retain a strong moral compass. However, attention to business ethics provides numerous other benefits, as well (these benefits are listed later in this document). Two Broad Areas of Business Ethics. 1. Managerial mischief.Madsen and Shafritz, in their book Essentials of Business Ethics (Penguin Books, 1990) further explain that managerial mischief includes illegal, unethical, or questionable practices of individual managers or organizations, as well as the causes of such behaviors and remedies to eradicate them.
There has been a great deal written about of great, managerial mischief, leading many to believe that business ethics is merely a matter of preaching the basics of what is right and paper outline wrong. More often, though, business ethics is a matter of dealing with dilemmas that have no clear indication of student essay what is right or wrong. 2. Moral mazes. The other broad area of business ethics is paper moral mazes of management and includes the numerous ethical problems that managers must deal with on a daily basis, such as potential conflicts of interest, wrongful use of resources, mismanagement of contracts and do s essays agreements, etc. Business Ethics is Now a Management Discipline. Business ethics has come to be considered a management discipline, especially since the birth of the social responsibility movement in the 1960s. Research Paper Outline! In that decade, social awareness movements raised expectations of narrative essay businesses to use their massive financial and social influence to address social problems such as poverty, crime, environmental protection, equal rights, public health and improving education.
An increasing number of people asserted that because businesses were making a profit from using our country's resources, these businesses owed it to our country to work to improve society. British Literature Research Outline! Many researchers, business schools and managers have recognized this broader constituency, and in their planning and operations have replaced the huffman thesis word stockholder with stakeholder, meaning to british research paper, include employees, customers, suppliers and the wider community. Business ethics in the workplace is about prioritizing moral values for do s essays the workplace and ensuring behaviors are aligned with those values -- it's values management. Yet, myths abound about business ethics. Some of literature these myths arise from general confusion about the notion of ethics. Other myths arise from essay on teenage narrow or simplistic views of british literature ethical dilemmas. 1. And Don! Myth: Business ethics is british more a matter of religion than management. Diane Kirrane, in Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics, (Training and Development Journal, November 1990), asserts that altering people's values or souls isn't the aim of an organizational ethics program -- managing values and do s ts for essays conflict among them is . 2. Myth: Our employees are ethical so we don't need attention to business ethics. Most of the ethical dilemmas faced by managers in the workplace are highly complex. Wallace explains that one knows when they have a significant ethical conflict when there is presence of a) significant value conflicts among differing interests, b) real alternatives that are equality justifiable, and c) significant consequences on stakeholders in the situation. Kirrane mentions that when the topic of business ethics comes up, people are quick to speak of the Golden Rule, honesty and courtesy.
But when presented with complex ethical dilemmas, most people realize there's a wide gray area when trying to apply ethical principles. 3. Myth: Business ethics is a discipline best led by philosophers, academics and theologians. Lack of literature involvement of leaders and managers in business ethics literature and discussions has led many to believe that business ethics is a fad or movement, having little to do with the day-to-day realities of running an organization. They believe business ethics is primarily a complex philosophical debate or a religion. However, business ethics is a management discipline with a programmatic approach that includes several practical tools. Ethics management programs have practical applications in other areas of management areas, as well. (These applications are listed later on in this document.) 4. Of Great! Myth: Business ethics is superfluous -- it only literature research asserts the obvious: do good! Many people react that codes of ethics, or lists of ethical values to which the organization aspires, are rather superfluous because they represent values to narrative essay, which everyone should naturally aspire.
However, the value of a codes of ethics to an organization is british research paper its priority and focus regarding certain ethical values in that workplace. And Don Ts For Essays! For example, it#146;s obvious that all people should be honest. However, if an organization is struggling around continuing occasions of deceit in british literature research outline the workplace, a priority on honesty is very timely -- and honesty should be listed in that organization#146;s code of ethics. Note that a code of ethics is an organic instrument that changes with the student essay competition needs of society and british research the organization. 5. Myth: Business ethics is a matter of the good guys preaching to the bad guys.
Some writers do seem to claim a moral high ground while lamenting the ict coursework poor condition of business and literature research paper outline its leaders. However, those people well versed in managing organizations realize that good people can take bad actions, particularly when stressed or confused. (Stress or confusion are not excuses for unethical actions -- they are reasons.) Managing ethics in the workplace includes all of us working together to help each other remain ethical and to work through confusing and huffman thesis stressful ethical dilemmas. 6. Research Paper Outline! Myth: Business ethics in the new policeperson on ryan huffman thesis, the block. Many believe business ethics is a recent phenomenon because of increased attention to the topic in popular and management literature. However, business ethics was written about literature paper, even 2,000 years ago -- at least since Cicero wrote about the do s ts for topic in literature research his On Duties.
Business ethics has gotten more attention recently because of the social responsibility movement that started in the 1960s. 7. Myth: Ethics can't be managed. Actually, ethics is always managed -- but, too often, indirectly. For example, the student essay behavior of the organization's founder or current leader is a strong moral influence, or directive if you will, on behavior or employees in the workplace. Strategic priorities (profit maximization, expanding marketshare, cutting costs, etc.) can be very strong influences on morality. British Literature Paper! Laws, regulations and rules directly influence behaviors to be more ethical, usually in a manner that improves the general good and/or minimizes harm to the community. Some are still skeptical about essay competition, business ethics, believing you can't manage values in an organization. British Literature Outline! Donaldson and Davis (Management Decision, V28, N6) note that management, after all, is a value system.
Skeptics might consider the tremendous influence of several codes of ethics, such as the 10 Commandments in Christian religions or the U.S. Narrative! Constitution. Codes can be very powerful in smaller organizations as well. 8. British Literature Paper! Myth: Business ethics and social responsibility are the same thing. The social responsibility movement is one aspect of the overall discipline of business ethics. Madsen and Shafritz refine the definition of business ethics to be: 1) an application of ethics to the corporate community, 2) a way to determine responsibility in business dealings, 3) the identification of important business and social issues, and competition 4) a critique of business. Items 3 and 4 are often matters of social responsibility. (There has been a great deal of public discussion and writing about literature research paper outline, items 3 and 4. Do S Ts For! However, there needs to be more written about items 1 and 2, about how business ethics can be managed.) Writings about social responsibility often do not address practical matters of managing ethics in the workplace, e.g., developing codes, updating polices and procedures, approaches to resolving ethical dilemmas, etc. 9. British Literature Paper! Myth: Our organization is not in trouble with the ryan huffman law, so we're ethical. One can often be unethical, yet operate within the limits of the law, e.g., withhold information from superiors, fudge on budgets, constantly complain about others, etc.
However, breaking the law often starts with unethical behavior that has gone unnoticed. The boil the paper outline frog phenomena is a useful parable here: If you put a frog in hot water, it immediately jumps out. If you put a frog in cool water and slowly heat up the water, you can eventually boil the frog. The frog doesn't seem to notice the adverse change in its environment. 10. Myth: Managing ethics in the workplace has little practical relevance. Managing ethics in student essay the workplace involves identifying and research prioritizing values to essay competition, guide behaviors in the organization, and establishing associated policies and procedures to ensure those behaviors are conducted. One might call this values management. Values management is british literature research also highly important in other management practices, e.g., managing diversity, Total Quality Management and strategic planning. 10 Benefits of ryan huffman yale thesis Managing Ethics in the Workplace. Many people are used to paper outline, reading or hearing of the student essay competition moral benefits of attention to business ethics.
However, there are other types of benefits, as well. The following list describes various types of benefits from managing ethics in paper the workplace. 1. Attention to business ethics has substantially improved society. A matter of decades ago, children in our country worked 16-hour days. Workers#146; limbs were torn off and disabled workers were condemned to poverty and often to starvation. Trusts controlled some markets to the extent that prices were fixed and small businesses choked out. Price fixing crippled normal market forces. Employees were terminated based on personalities. Influence was applied through intimidation and guide harassment. Paper Outline! Then society reacted and student essay competition demanded that businesses place high value on fairness and equal rights.
Anti-trust laws were instituted. Government agencies were established. Research Outline! Unions were organized. Laws and ict coursework regulations were established. 2. Ethics programs help maintain a moral course in turbulent times. As noted earlier in this document, Wallace and literature Pekel explain that attention to business ethics is critical during times of fundamental change -- times much like those faced now by businesses, both nonprofit or for-profit. During times of change, there is often no clear moral compass to of great depression, guide leaders through complex conflicts about what is right or wrong. Continuing attention to ethics in the workplace sensitizes leaders and staff to british, how they want to act -- consistently.
3. Ethics programs cultivate strong teamwork and productivity. Ethics programs align employee behaviors with those top priority ethical values preferred by ryan yale thesis leaders of the literature paper organization. Usually, an organization finds surprising disparity between its preferred values and the values actually reflected by behaviors in the workplace. Ongoing attention and on teenage pregnancy dialogue regarding values in the workplace builds openness, integrity and community -- critical ingredients of strong teams in the workplace. Employees feel strong alignment between their values and those of the organization. British Literature Paper Outline! They react with strong motivation and student performance. 4. Ethics programs support employee growth and meaning. Attention to ethics in the workplace helps employees face reality, both good and bad -- in the organization and themselves.
Employees feel full confidence they can admit and deal with whatever comes their way. Bennett, in his article Unethical Behavior, Stress Appear Linked (Wall Street Journal, April 11, 1991, p. B1), explained that a consulting company tested a range of british executives and managers. Their most striking finding: the more emotionally healthy executives, as measured on a battery of do s essays tests, the more likely they were to score high on ethics tests. 5. Ethics programs are an insurance policy -- they help ensure that policies are legal. There is an increasing number of lawsuits in regard to personnel matters and to effects of an organization#146;s services or products on stakeholders. As mentioned earlier in british research this document, ethical principles are often state-of-the-art legal matters. These principles are often applied to current, major ethical issues to become legislation. Attention to ethics ensures highly ethical policies and procedures in the workplace.
It#146;s far better to incur the cost of mechanisms to ensure ethical practices now than to incur costs of litigation later. A major intent of well-designed personnel policies is to ensure ethical treatment of employees, e.g., in matters of hiring, evaluating, disciplining, firing, etc. Thesis Chinese! Drake and paper outline Drake (California Management Review, V16, pp. 107-123) note that #147;an employer can be subject to suit for breach of contract for failure to comply with any promise it made, so the gap between stated corporate culture and actual practice has significant legal, as well as ethical implications.#148; 6. Causes Depression Essay! Ethics programs help avoid criminal acts #147;of omission#148; and can lower fines. Ethics programs tend to research, detect ethical issues and violations early on so they can be reported or addressed. In some cases, when an organization is aware of an actual or potential violation and does not report it to the appropriate authorities, this can be considered a criminal act, e.g., in business dealings with certain government agencies, such as the Defense Department.
The recent Federal Sentencing Guidelines specify major penalties for various types of major ethics violations. However, the guidelines potentially lowers fines if an ryan thesis organization has clearly made an effort to operate ethically. 7. Ethics programs help manage values associated with quality management, strategic planning and diversity management -- this benefit needs far more attention. Ethics programs identify preferred values and ensuring organizational behaviors are aligned with those values. This effort includes recording the values, developing policies and procedures to align behaviors with preferred values, and then training all personnel about the policies and procedures.
This overall effort is very useful for several other programs in the workplace that require behaviors to be aligned with values, including quality management, strategic planning and diversity management. Total Quality Management includes high priority on certain operating values, e.g., trust among stakeholders, performance, reliability, measurement, and research paper outline feedback. Eastman and Polaroid use ethics tools in thesis chinese culture their quality programs to ensure integrity in their relationships with stakeholders. Ethics management techniques are highly useful for managing strategic values, e.g., expand marketshare, reduce costs, etc. McDonnell Douglas integrates their ethics programs into their strategic planning process.
Ethics management programs are also useful in managing diversity. Diversity is british literature much more than the causes of great essay color of people#146;s skin -- it#146;s acknowledging different values and perspectives. Diversity programs require recognizing and applying diverse values and perspectives -- these activities are the basis of a sound ethics management program. 8. Ethics programs promote a strong public image. Attention to literature research paper, ethics is also strong public relations -- admittedly, managing ethics should not be done primarily for reasons of public relations. But, frankly, the fact that an organization regularly gives attention to its ethics can portray a strong positive to the public. People see those organizations as valuing people more than profit, as striving to operate with the utmost of integrity and honor. Aligning behavior with values is critical to effective marketing and public relations programs.
Consider how Johnson and Johnson handled the Tylenol crisis versus how Exxon handled the oil spill in yale thesis Alaska. Bob Dunn, President and research outline CEO of San Francisco-based Business for Social Responsibility, puts it best: #147;Ethical values, consistently applied, are the cornerstones in building a commercially successful and socially responsible business.#148; 9. Overall benefits of ethics programs: Donaldson and Davis, in #147;Business Ethics? Yes, But What Can it Do for the Bottom Line?#148; (Management Decision, V28, N6, 1990) explain that managing ethical values in the workplace legitimizes managerial actions, strengthens the thesis coherence and british research balance of the on teenage organization#146;s culture, improves trust in relationships between individuals and groups, supports greater consistency in standards and qualities of products, and cultivates greater sensitivity to the impact of the enterprise#146;s values and messages. 10.
Last - and british research most -- formal attention to ethics in the workplace is the guide right thing to do. One Description of a Highly Ethical Organization. Mark Pastin, in The Hard Problems of Management: Gaining the literature Ethics Edge (Jossey-Bass, 1986), provides the following four principles for highly ethical organizations: 1. They are at ease interacting with diverse internal and external stakeholder groups. The groundrules of these firms make the good of these stakeholder groups part of the organizations' own good.
2. Causes Of Great Essay! They are obsessed with fairness. Their groundrules emphasize that the other persons' interests count as much as their own. 3. Responsibility is individual rather than collective, with individuals assuming personal responsibility for actions of the organization. These organizations' groundrules mandate that individuals are responsible to themselves. 4. They see their activities in terms of purpose. This purpose is a way of operating that members of the organization highly value. And purpose ties the organization to its environment. 1. British Literature Research Paper! There exists a clear vision and thesis culture picture of integrity throughout the organization. 2. The vision is owned and embodied by top management, over time. 3. The reward system is aligned with the literature research paper vision of huffman thesis integrity. 4. Policies and practices of the organization are aligned with the vision; no mixed messages.
5. It is understood that every significant management decision has ethical value dimensions. 6. Everyone is expected to british literature paper outline, work through conflicting-stakeholder value perspectives. Ethics Management Programs: An Overview. About Ethics Management Programs Organizations can manage ethics in their workplaces by and don ts for essays establishing an ethics management program. Brian Schrag, Executive Secretary of the Association for Practical and literature Professional Ethics, clarifies.
Typically, ethics programs convey corporate values, often using codes and policies to student essay competition, guide decisions and behavior, and can include extensive training and literature research outline evaluating, depending on the organization. They provide guidance in ethical dilemmas. Rarely are two programs alike. Benefits of Managing Ethics as a Program. There are numerous benefits in formally managing ethics as a program, rather than as a one-shot effort when it appears to be needed. Ethics programs: · Establish organizational roles to manage ethics. · Schedule ongoing assessment of ethics requirements. · Establish required operating values and behaviors. · Align organizational behaviors with operating values.
· Develop awareness and sensitivity to thesis chinese, ethical issues. · Integrate ethical guidelines to decision making. · Structure mechanisms to resolving ethical dilemmas. · Facilitate ongoing evaluation and updates to the program. · Help convince employees that attention to ethics is not just a knee-jerk reaction done to get out of trouble or improve public image. 8 Guidelines for Managing Ethics in the Workplace.
The following guidelines ensure the ethics management program is operated in a meaningful fashion: 1. Recognize that managing ethics is a process. Ethics is a matter of values and associated behaviors. Values are discerned through the process of ongoing reflection. Therefore, ethics programs may seem more process-oriented than most management practices. British Literature Research Outline! Managers tend to be skeptical of process-oriented activities, and instead prefer processes focused on deliverables with measurements.
However, experienced managers realize that the deliverables of standard management practices (planning, organizing, motivating, controlling) are only ict coursework tangible representations of very process-oriented practices. For example, the literature paper outline process of strategic planning is much more important than the plan produced by the process. The same is true for ethics management. Ethics programs do produce deliverables, e.g., codes, policies and ict coursework procedures, budget items, meeting minutes, authorization forms, newsletters, etc. However, the most important aspect from an ethics management program is the process of reflection and dialogue that produces these deliverables. 2. British Paper Outline! The bottom line of an ethics program is accomplishing preferred behaviors in the workplace. As with any management practice, the most important outcome is behaviors preferred by the organization. The best of ethical values and intentions are relatively meaningless unless they generate fair and causes of great essay just behaviors in the workplace. That's why practices that generate lists of ethical values, or codes of ethics, must also generate policies, procedures and literature research outline training that translate those values to appropriate behaviors. 3. The best way to handle ethical dilemmas is to avoid their occurrence in the first place. That's why practices such as developing codes of ethics and statement chinese culture codes of paper outline conduct are so important.
Their development sensitizes employees to ethical considerations and ict coursework minimize the british literature paper outline chances of unethical behavior occurring in the first place. 4. Make ethics decisions in groups, and make decisions public, as appropriate. This usually produces better quality decisions by including diverse interests and student essay perspectives, and increases the credibility of the decision process and literature outcome by reducing suspicion of thesis statement culture unfair bias. 5. Integrate ethics management with other management practices. When developing the values statement during strategic planning, include ethical values preferred in the workplace. British Research Outline! When developing personnel policies, reflect on what ethical values you'd like to be most prominent in the organization's culture and then design policies to thesis statement chinese, produce these behaviors. 6. Use cross-functional teams when developing and implementing the ethics management program. It#146;s vital that the organization#146;s employees feel a sense of participation and ownership in the program if they are to adhere to its ethical values.
Therefore, include employees in developing and operating the program. 7. Value forgiveness. This may sound rather religious or preachy to some, but it#146;s probably the most important component of any management practice. An ethics management program may at first actually increase the number of ethical issues to be dealt with because people are more sensitive to their occurrence. Consequently, there may be more occasions to research paper, address people#146;s unethical behavior. The most important ingredient for remaining ethical is trying to be ethical.
Therefore, help people recognize and address their mistakes and then support them to continue to guide, try operate ethically. 8. Note that trying to operate ethically and making a few mistakes is better than not trying at all. Some organizations have become widely known as operating in a highly ethical manner, e.g., Ben and Jerrys, Johnson and Johnson, Aveda, Hewlett Packard, etc. Unfortunately, it seems that when an organization achieves this strong public image, it's placed on a pedestal by some business ethics writers. Literature Paper Outline! All organizations are comprised of people and thesis statement chinese culture people are not perfect. However, when a mistake is made by any of these organizations, the organization has a long way to british research paper outline, fall. In our increasingly critical society, these organizations are accused of being hypocritical and they are soon pilloried by social critics. Consequently, some leaders may fear sticking their necks out publicly to causes of great, announce an ethics management program.
This is extremely unfortunate. It's the trying that counts and brings peace of mind -- not achieving an heroic status in society. 6 Key Roles and Responsibilities in literature research paper outline Ethics Management. Depending on the size of the organization, certain roles may prove useful in managing ethics in the workplace. Ict Coursework! These can be full-time roles or part-time functions assumed by someone already in the organization. British Outline! Small organizations certainly will not have the resources to implement each the following roles using different people in the organization. However, the and don ts for essays following functions points out responsibilities that should be included somewhere in the organization. 1. The organization's chief executive must fully support the program. If the chief executive isn't fully behind the british literature paper program, employees will certainly notice -- and this apparent hypocrisy may cause such cynicism that the organization may be worse off than having no formal ethics program at all. Therefore, the chief executive should announce the ts for program, and champion its development and implementation. Most important, the chief executive should consistently aspire to paper, lead in an ethical manner.
If a mistake is ryan yale made, admit it. 2. Consider establishing an ethics committee at british literature research paper, the board level. The committee would be charged to oversee development and operation of the ethics management program. 3. Consider establishing an guide ethics management committee. It would be charged with implementing and literature paper administrating an ethics management program, including administrating and training about policies and procedures, and resolving ethical dilemmas. The committee should be comprised of senior officers.
4. Consider assigning/developing an ethics officer. This role is becoming more common, particularly in larger and ryan more progressive organizations. British! The ethics officer is guide usually trained about matters of ethics in the workplace, particularly about resolving ethical dilemmas. 5. Consider establishing an ombudsperson. The ombudsperson is responsible to help coordinate development of the policies and procedures to institutionalize moral values in the workplace. This position usually is directly responsible for resolving ethical dilemmas by interpreting policies and procedures. 6. Note that one person must ultimately be responsible for managing the ethics management program. According to british paper, Wallace, A credo generally describes the highest values to which the company aspires to operate. It contains the `thou shalts.' A code of ethics specifies the ethical rules of guide operation. It's the `thou shalt nots. In the latter 1980s, The Conference Board, a leading business membership organization, found that 76% of corporations surveyed had codes of ethics.
Some business ethicists disagree that codes have any value. Usually they explain that too much focus is put on the codes themselves, and that codes themselves are not influential in managing ethics in the workplace. Many ethicists note that it's the paper outline developing and continuing dialogue around the on teenage pregnancy code's values that is most important. Occasionally, employees react to codes with suspicion, believing the values are motherhood and apple pie and codes are for window dressing. But, when managing a complex issue, especially in research outline a crisis, having a code is critical. More important, it's having developed a code. In the mid-70s, Johnson and Johnson updated their credo in a series of challenge meetings. Bob Kniffin, Vice President of guide External Affairs, explains, We pored over each phrase and word. We asked ourselves, `Do we still believe this?' Our meetings resulted in some fine tuning, but basically we didn't change the values. The meetings infused the british literature outline values in the minds of all of us managers. Many believe this process guided them in their well-known decision to pull Tylenol bottles off the shelves and repackage them at a $100 million expense.
Kniffin offers some sound, practical advice. In a crisis, there's no time for yale moral conclusions. British Literature Research Outline! Get those done beforehand. But also realize there's no substitute for sound crisis management. For example, have a list of people with fundamental knowledge, such as who transports your products where and when.
Note that if your organization is quite large, e.g., includes several large programs or departments, you may want to develop an overall corporate code of ethics and then a separate code to competition, guide each of your programs or departments. Optional: Also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org: 1. Organizational Culture - review to get a basic understanding of personalities of organizations. 2. Paper! Strategic Planning - specific to do s ts for, developing a Values Statement. 3. Valuing Diversity- to literature research paper, consider that there are other values and perspectives. Consider the following guidelines when developing codes of ethics: 1. Review any values need to adhere to relevant laws and regulations; this ensures your organization is not (or is of great depression not near) breaking any of them. (If you are breaking any of them, you may be far better off to british research, report this violation than to try hide the problem. Often, a reported violation generates more leniency than outside detection of an unreported violation, particularly per the new Federal Sentencing Guidelines.) Increase priority on values that will help your organization operate to avoid breaking these laws and to follow necessary regulations. 2. Review which values produce the top three or four traits of a highly ethical and successful product or service in your area, e.g., for accountants: objectivity, confidentiality, accuracy, etc.
Identify which values produce behaviors that exhibit these traits. 3. Identify values needed to address current issues in your workplace. Appoint one or two key people to interview key staff to collect descriptions of major issues in the workplace. Collect descriptions of behaviors that produce the issues. Thesis Statement Culture! Consider which of these issues is ethical in nature, e.g. issues in british literature research paper regard to respect, fairness and honesty. Identify the behaviors needed to resolve these issues. And Don Ts For! Identify which values would generate those preferred behaviors. There may be values included here that some people would not deem as moral or ethical values, e.g., team-building and promptness, but for managers, these practical values may add more relevance and utility to british literature paper, a code of ethics.
4. Identify any values needed, based on findings during strategic planning. Review information from your SWOT analysis (identifying the organization's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and ts for threats). What behaviors are needed to build on strengths, shore up weaknesses, take advantage of opportunities and guard against threats? 5. Consider any top ethical values that might be prized by stakeholders. For example, consider expectations of employees, clients/customers, suppliers, funders, members of the local community, etc. 6. Collect from the above steps, the top five to ten ethical values which are high priorities in your organization (see item #7 below for examples). 7. Examples of ethical values might include. (the following list is the Six Pillars of Character developed by The Josephson Institute of Ethics, 310-306-1868): a) Trustworthiness: honesty, integrity, promise-keeping, loyalty. b) Respect: autonomy, privacy, dignity, courtesy, tolerance, acceptance. c) Responsibility: accountability, pursuit of british literature research paper excellence.
d) Caring: compassion, consideration, giving, sharing, kindness, loving. e) Justice and fairness: procedural fairness, impartiality, consistency, equity, equality, due process. f) Civic virtue and thesis statement citizenship: law abiding, community service, protection of literature research paper environment. 8. Compose your code of ethics; attempt to associate with each value, two example behaviors which reflect each value. Critics of codes of ethics assert that they seem vacuous because many only list ethical values and don't clarify these values by associating examples of behaviors. 9. Include wording that indicates all employees are expected to conform to the values stated in the code of do s and don ts for ethics.
Add wording that indicates where employees can go if they have any questions. 10. Obtain review from key members of the organization. Get input from paper outline as many members as possible. 11. Announce and narrative essay pregnancy distribute the new code of ethics (unless you are waiting to british, announce it along with any new codes of conduct and associated policies and causes of great depression essay procedures). Ensure each employee has a copy and literature outline post codes throughout the facility. 12.
Update the code at least once a year. As stated several times in student essay competition this document, the most important aspect of codes is developing them, not the code itself. Continued dialogue and reflection around ethical values produces ethical sensitivity and british paper consensus. Therefore, revisit your codes at least once a year -- preferably two or three times a year. 13. (Note that you cannot include values and preferred behaviors for do s and don essays every possible ethical dilemma that might arise. Your goal is to focus on the top ethical values needed in your organization and to avoid potential ethical dilemmas that seem mostly likely to occur.) Codes of conduct specify actions in the workplace and codes of ethics are general guides to decisions about research outline, those actions, explains Craig Nordlund, Associate General Counsel and Secretary at Hewlett Packard. He suggests that codes of conduct contain examples of appropriate behavior to be meaningful. The Conference Board found that codes of conduct are increasingly sophisticated and focused at essay, lower levels in companies. British Literature! Departments frequently have their own codes.
Be careful, though. An organization could be sued for breach of contract if its practices are not in accord with its policies. Competition! That#146;s why legal departments should review codes of conduct and other ethics policies. Also, that#146;s why it#146;s critical for organizations to review their policies at least once a year to ensure they are in accordance with laws and regulations. Optional: also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org: 1. Literature Research Outline! Employee Law - review major issues and topics to discern what behaviors to avoid in the workplace. 2. Policies (Personnel) - review more specifics about what behaviors to essay, avoid. Note that if your organization is quite large, e.g., includes several large programs or departments, you may want to develop an overall corporate code of conduct, and literature research then a separate code to guide each of your programs or departments. Consider the following guidelines when developing codes of conduct:
1. Identify key behaviors needed to adhere to the ethical values proclaimed in your code of ethics. , including ethical values derived from thesis statement chinese culture review of key laws and regulations, ethical behaviors needed in your product or service area, behaviors to address current issues in your workplace, and british literature research paper outline behaviors needed to reach strategic goals. 2. Include wording that indicates all employees are expected to conform to the behaviors specified in the code of conduct. Add wording that indicates where employees can go if they have any questions. 3. Obtain review from key members of the organization. Be sure your legal department reviews the ict coursework guide drafted code of conduct. 4. Announce and distribute the new code of conduct. (unless you are waiting to announce it along with any associated policies and procedures). Ensure each employee has a copy and post codes in each employee's bay or office. 5. Literature Research! (Note that you cannot include preferred behaviors for every possible ethical dilemma that might arise.)
6. Examples of topics typically addressed by codes of conduct include : preferred style of dress, avoiding illegal drugs, following instructions of superiors, being reliable and ryan yale thesis prompt, maintaining confidentiality, not accepting personal gifts from stakeholders as a result of company role, avoiding racial or sexual discrimination, avoiding conflict of literature research paper outline interest, complying with laws and regulations, not using organization's property for personal use, not discriminating against race or age or sexual orientation, and reporting illegal or questionable activity. Do S And Don Essays! Go beyond these traditional legalistic expectations in your codes -- adhere to what's ethically sensitive in your organization, as well. (Note that, as with codes of ethics, you may be better off to literature paper, generate your own code of conduct from culture scratch rather than reviewing examples from other organizations.) Ethics Tools: Policies and Procedures. Optional: also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org: Policies (Personnel) - review to understand how to develop and apply personnel policies. including, e.g., personnel, job descriptions, performance appraisal forms, management-by-objectives expectations, standard forms, checklists, budget report formats, and other relevant control instruments to ensure conformance to the code of british paper conduct. In doing so, try to avoid creating ethical dilemmas such as conflicts-of-interest or infringing on employee's individual rights. 2. There are numerous examples of ict coursework how organizations manage values through use of british policies and procedures. For example, we're most familiar with the value of social responsibility. Causes Of Great Depression! To produce behavior aligned with this value, organizations often institute policies such as recycling waste, donating to local charities, or paying employees to participate in community events. In another example, a high value on british literature research, responsiveness to customers might be implemented by instituting policies to return phone calls or to repair defective equipment within a certain period of time.
Consider the role of job descriptions and essays performance appraisals. For example, an advanced technology business will highly value technical knowledge, creativity and systems thinking. They use job descriptions and outline performance appraisals to encourage behaviors aligned with these values, such as rewarding advanced degrees, patents, and analysis and design skills. 3. Include policies and causes depression procedures to address ethical dilemmas. See the next section, Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas, to research paper, select a method which is most appropriate to your organization's culture and operations. 4. Guide! Include policies and procedures to literature research outline, ensure training of employees about the ethics management program. See a following section, Ethics Tools: Training.
5. Include policies and procedures to reward ethical behavior and impose consequences for unethical behavior. 6. Huffman! Include a grievance policy for employees to use to resolve disagreements with supervisors and staff. 7. Consider establishing an literature research outline ethics hotline. This function might best be provided by an outside consultant, e.g., lawyer, clergyperson, etc. Or, provide an anonymous tip box in which personnel can report suspected unethical activities, and do so safely on statement chinese culture, an anonymous basis. 8. Literature Outline! Once a year, review all personnel policies and procedures. If yours is a small organization, consider including all staff during this review. Take a full day for all staff to review policies and procedures, and suggest changes. 9. For guidance in establishing personnel policies, see the. Ethics Tools: Resolving Ethical Dilemmas (with Real-to-Life Examples)
Perhaps too often, business ethics is portrayed as a matter of thesis statement culture resolving conflicts in which one option appears to be the clear choice. British Literature Research Paper! For example, case studies are often presented in student essay which an employee is faced with whether or not to lie, steal, cheat, abuse another, break terms of literature a contract, etc. Student Essay Competition! However, ethical dilemmas faced by managers are often more real-to-life and british research paper outline highly complex with no clear guidelines, whether in law or often in religion. An ethical dilemma exists when one is faced with having to make a choice among these alternatives. Real-to-Life Examples of Complex Ethical Dilemmas. · A customer (or client) asked for a product (or service) from us today. After telling him our price, he said he couldn't afford it.
I know he could get it cheaper from a competitor. Should I tell him about the competitor -- or let him go without getting what he needs? What should I do? · Our company prides itself on its merit-based pay system. One of ict coursework guide my employees has done a tremendous job all year, so he deserves strong recognition. However, he's already paid at the top of the salary range for his job grade and our company has too many people in british research paper the grade above him, so we can't promote him. Ict Coursework Guide! What should I do? · Our company prides itself on hiring minorities. British Literature! One Asian candidate fully fits the job requirements for our open position.
However, we're concerned that our customers won't understand his limited command of the English language. What should I do? · My top software designer suddenly refused to use our e-mail system. He explained to me that, as a Christian, he could not use a product built by a company that provided benefits to the partners of homosexual employees. He'd basically cut himself off from our team, creating a major obstacle to our product development.
What should I do? · My boss told me that one of my employees is among several others to be laid off soon, and that I'm not to yale, tell my employee yet or he might tell the whole organization which would soon be in an uproar. Meanwhile, I heard from british research paper outline my employee that he plans to buy braces for his daughter and a new carpet for his house. Ict Coursework Guide! What should I do? · My computer operator told me he'd noticed several personal letters printed from outline a computer that I was responsible to manage. While we had no specific policies then against personal use of guide company facilities, I was concerned. I approached the letter writer to discuss the situation.
She told me she'd written the british literature research paper letters on and don, her own time to practice using our word processor. What should I do? · A fellow employee told me that he plans to quit the company in two months and start a new job which has been guaranteed to british literature research, him. Do S And Don Ts For! Meanwhile, my boss told me that he wasn't going to give me a new opportunity in paper our company because he was going to give it to essay, my fellow employee now. What should I do? Optional: also see in research the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org: 3 Methods to Resolve Ethical Dilemmas. Organizations should develop and document a procedure for dealing with ethical dilemmas as they arise. Ideally, ethical dilemmas should be resolved by a group within the organization, e.g., an ethics committee comprised of top leaders/managers and/or members of the causes depression essay board. Consider having staff members on the committee, as well. The following three methods can be used to outline, address ethical dilemmas.
Methods include an narrative on teenage ethical checklist, a ten-step method and a list of key questions. (Note that The Golden Rule is probably the most common method to british, resolve ethical dilemmas. Student! The rule exists in various forms in many of the world religions.) Twin Cities-based consultants, Doug Wallace and Jon Pekel, suggest the following ethical checklist to address ethical dilemmas. If necessary, revise your decision and action plan based on results of the british research outline this test. Method Two - Ten-Step Method of Decision Making.
Wallace and guide Pekel also provide the literature research following ten-step method. Method Three - Twelve Questions to Address Ethical Dilemmas. Laura L. Nash poses 12 questions to help managers address ethical dilemmas. 1. Have you defined the problem accurately? 2. How would you define the problem if you stood on the other side of the fence? 3. How did this situation occur in the first place? 4. To whom and to what do you give your loyalty as a person and as a member of the corporation? 5. What is of great your intention in british literature paper outline making this decision? 6. Ryan! How does this intention compare with the probable results? 7. Whom could your decision or action injure? 8. British! Can you discuss the ryan huffman thesis problem with the literature research outline affected parties before you make your decision?
9. Are you confident that your position will be as valid over a long period of time as it seem now? 10. Could you disclose without qualm your decision or action to your boss, your CEO, the board of directors, your family, society as a whole? 11. What is the symbolic potential of your action if understood? misunderstood? 12. Under what conditions would you allow exceptions to your stand?
(adapted from: Nash, L. (1981). Ethics Without the Sermon. Harvard Business Review, (59)) The ethics program is ts for essentially useless unless all staff members are trained about what it is, how it works and their roles in it. The nature of the research outline system may invite suspicion if not handled openly and honestly. In addition, no matter how fair and up-to-date is ict coursework a set of policies, the legal system will often interpret employee behavior (rather than written policies) as de facto policy. Therefore, all staff must be aware of and act in full accordance with policies and procedures (this is true, whether policies and procedures are for ethics programs or personnel management). This full accordance requires training about policies and procedures. Optional: Also see in the Free Management Library at http://managementhelp.org.
1. Orient new employees to the organization's ethics program during new-employee orientation. 2. British Research! Review the ethics management program in management training experiences. 3. Involving staff in review of codes is strong ethics training. 4. Of Great Depression Essay! Involving staff in review of policies (ethics and personnel policies) is strong ethics training. 5. One of the strongest forms of ethics training is practice in paper resolving complex ethical dilemmas. Narrative Essay Pregnancy! Have staff use any of the three ethical-dilemma-resolution methods in this guidebook and apply them to british research paper outline, any of the real-to-life ethical dilemmas also listed in this guidebook. 6. Include ethical performance as a dimension in performance appraisals.
7. The best ethics trainer: Bill Goodman, Chief Human Resource Officer at ryan huffman thesis, Aveda, describes, We start our training even in literature outline our job ads, then adds, but the student competition best trainer is the behavior of our leaders. 8. Give all staff a copy of this free Complete Guide to Ethics Management. Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, is a Twin Cities-based consultant in the areas of leadership development, board development and strategic planning. He has managed in a wide variety of organizations including startup, public-private, small and large nonprofit, and large corporation. He received comprehensive ethics training as an employee in research outline a large defense contractor, various ethics classes and continuing research in business ethics. In addition, as a manager, he has struggled through several major ethical dilemmas (one was quite public) so he knows and understands the experience. Do S And Don Ts For Essays! He has led development of several codes of ethics and conduct, as well. Carter holds a BA in Social and Behavioral Sciences, BS in Computer Science, an MBA, and literature research paper outline a PhD in Human and guide Organization Development. Bibliography of Practical Resources. The following references are to hardcopy documents that provide information about managing ethics in the workplace: Berenbeim, R. E. (1992, Spring).
The Corporate Ethics Test. Business and Society Review, 31(1), 77-80. Brenner, S. N. (1992). Ethics Programs and Their Dimensions. Journal of Business Ethics, 11,391-399. Buchholz, R. A. British Paper Outline! (1989). Fundamental Concepts and Problems in Business Ethics. In Madsen, P., Shafritz, J. M. (Eds.) (1990). Essentials of Business Ethics. New York: Penguin Books.
Carroll, A. B. (1990). Principles of Business Ethics: Their Role in narrative Decision Making and in Initial Consensus. Management Decision, 28(8), 21-23. Dean, P. J. (1992). Research Outline! Making Codes of Ethics 'Real'. Causes Of Great Essay! Journal of Business Ethics, 11, 285-290. Deborah, B. (1991, January/February). Asking for Help: A Guide to Using Socially Responsible Consultants. Literature Research Paper! Business Ethics Magazine, pp.
24-29. Francis, David R. Student! (1991, June). Prevent Trouble by Improving Ethics. Literature Outline! Christian Science Monitor, p. 9. Fulcrum Consulting Group, 1093 Snelling Ave. South, Saint Paul, MN 55116. Phone 1-800-55-ETHIC. Gandz, J. Bird, F. G. (1989, Autumn). Designing Ethical Organizations.
Business Quarterly, 54(2), 108-112. Genfan, H. (1987, November). Formalizing Business Ethics. Training and Development Journal, pp. Essay! 35-37. Josephson Institute of Ethics, 310 Washington Boulevard, Suite 104, Marina del Rey, California. Phone 310-306-1868. Kirrane, D.E. (1990, November).
Managing Values: A Systematic Approach to Business Ethics. Training and Development Journal, pp. 53-60. Madsen, P., Ph. D., Shafritz, J. M., Ph. D. British Literature Research Outline! (Eds.). (1990). Essentials of Business Ethics.
New York: Penguin Books. McDonald, G., Zepp, R. (1990). What Should Be Done? A Practical Approach to Business Ethics. Management Decision, 28(1), 9-13. Nash, L. Ict Coursework Guide! (1981). Ethics Without the Sermon. Harvard Business Review, (59). Navran Associates Management Consultants, 3037 Wembley Ridge, Atlanta, GA. Phone 404-493-8886. Reynolds, L. (1992, July/August).
The Ethics Audit. Paper! Business Ethics Magazine, pp. 20-22. Sims, R. R. (1991). Institutionalization of Organizational Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 10, 493-506. Strong, K. C., Meyer, G. Essay! (1992). An Integrative Descriptive Model of Ethics Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics, 11, 89-94.
Thompson, T. (1991, Spring). Managing Business Ethics. Canadian Public Administration, 34(1), 153-157. Toffler, B. (1991, Winter). Doing Ethics: An Approach to Business Ethics Consulting. Moral Education Forum, 16(4), 14-20. The following are links to Websites about business ethics. To round out your knowledge of this Library topic, you may want to review some related topics, available from the british research outline link below. Each of the statement chinese related topics includes free, online resources. Also, scan the Recommended Books listed below.
They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature. The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about british literature research paper, this Library topic. To get more information about each book, just click on the image of the book. Also, a bubble of information might be displayed. Thesis Statement Culture! You can click on british research outline, the title of the book in ryan huffman yale that bubble to get more information, too. The following books are recommended because of their highly practical nature and often because they include a wide range of information about this Library topic. To get more information about each book, just click on the image of the british research book. Also, a bubble of information might be displayed.
You can click on the title of the narrative essay pregnancy book in that bubble to get more information, too. Social Enterprise -- Recommended Books. Free Management Library, Copyright Authenticity Consulting, LLC ® ; All rights reserved.
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Life After a Low GMAT Score: How to Excel in british literature research outline, Your MBA Applications. When my GMAT score flashed on the screen, my heart sank. I had scored the competition exact same score on test day as I had six months prior on literature outline the diagnostic test: 620. Six months of self-study and yale thesis, repeated practice tests had not helped my score move up even ten points. British Literature Research? Perhaps I had been overconfident, having been one of the highest scorers on the SAT in narrative on teenage, my high school. Perhaps I hadn’t studied hard enough—or the right way.
Whatever it was, here I was two weeks before my school deadlines with a score that was far below their average. I gathered up my things as I gathered up my courage. I knew that this close to the deadline, I didn’t have enough time to paper outline retake the test. Ryan Yale Thesis? I had already worked hard for months on my essays, gathered my recommendation letters, and told everyone I was going to literature research paper business school. Before I’d even made it home, I’d made up my mind: I was going to apply to business school with a 620. And I knew I had to do something to make up for it if I was going to have any chance of getting into my dream schools. Here are the things I did, some things I should have done, and what you can do if your GMAT score is in the low range of your target programs: If you have at least a month until your school deadlines, I highly recommend studying and retaking the and don test.
I didn’t have enough time to literature paper outline retake the test, but I certainly would have if I did. My own experience and essay on teenage, that of many of my clients has revealed that self-study is a last resort option. If you have the budget, sign up for one-on-one tutoring with a savvy test-taker who is british paper outline also a patient teacher or take a small group class. I wanted to show the admissions committee that I was capable of excelling with rigorous quantitative material. Therefore, I took Microeconomics, Calculus, Accounting, and Finance—and earned a B+ or better in each class. I also recommend you take a course in of great, Statistics (also called Quantitative Methods) and Spreadsheet Skills.
You don’t have to paper outline take these courses at fancy institutions; your local community college or an online course from an accredited nonprofit university will suffice. Taking these courses and getting good grades in them before you apply is a strong sign of your commitment to proving to the admissions committee that you are ready for the academic rigor of a top MBA program. Make sure your essays are stellar. To make sure your essays are as strong as possible, be sure to directly answer the depression essay prompt (rather than just saying whatever you want to paper write about). Essay Pregnancy? When discussing your career goals, be specific about what you want to do in the short, medium, and long term; what kinds of organization(s) you want to work in, and literature research paper outline, what kind of role(s) you want to have and why. When telling a story, make it come alive by sharing what you and causes essay, other characters in the story thought, felt, said, and did.
My last piece of literature paper outline advice is where it all comes together. If any of your schools have an optional essay where you can add additional information, take advantage of this opportunity to student essay address your low GMAT score. Assure the admissions committee that your low GMAT score is not indicative of your true academic capabilities. Briefly share what actions you took to prepare for literature research outline the test and any obstacles that may have kept you from having more time to study. Then, draw their attention to the supplemental coursework you have completed to strengthen your candidacy and demonstrate your abilities. In the end, my low GMAT score didn’t keep me out of my dream school. I was admitted to Harvard Business School, waitlisted (though eventually rejected) at Stanford, and admitted to Harvard Kennedy School.
Since my own victory over a low GMAT score, I have helped dozens of other similar clients with scores in ryan huffman yale, the 600s (and one even in the 500s) get admitted to Harvard Business School and other top MBA programs. I always encourage applicants to get as high a score as possible on the GMAT. Literature Paper? It’s an important part of your candidacy. However, once you’ve done your very best in this area, if the ryan yale thesis score still doesn’t quite measure up, I want you to move on literature to the and don essays many other areas where you can make your application shine. It worked for me. It has worked for others. Literature Paper Outline? And it can work for you too if you’re willing to do your part. Kaneisha Grayson is pregnancy a Harvard Business School MBA, Harvard Kennedy School MPA, and the founder of the admissions consulting firm The Art of Applying. British Research Outline? Her clients have earned over $1.8 million since 2010 to attend the ryan huffman thesis world’s top business schools and other graduate programs. She lives, plays, and eats tacos in her hometown of Austin, Texas.
Getting the Most Out of Your Forte MBA Forum: Ask Great Questions. Forte MBALaunch: a Catapult for MBA Admissions Success. Find Your Fit: What to Look for When Researching MBA Programs. 14 Responses to “Life After a Low GMAT Score: How to Excel in research, Your MBA Applications” Love this, Kaneisha. Actually, had already read this in one of ryan yale your blogs, but wanted to read it again, as the GMAT is literature paper what I’m most anxious about in my future application.
Thanks for writing!! I’m planning to apply to on teenage US colleges for the full time fall MBA course 2015 and I happened to come across this post in one of my readings. British Research? I am sort of in a similar boat as you must have been. My GMAT score is 720, even after hours of ict coursework guide studying and paper outline, strategizing, even after the diagnostic tests indicated a range of 760-780! It’s more of a personal disappointment to me that I on the test date I was so over confident that I ain’t even sure what went wrong.
It was quite informative to read what you had to say, I’m afraid I do not have enough time now to re-write the exam within the causes of great first deadlines but I do plan to take the british literature research outline GMAT again soon. I also do not have enough time to take supplement courses now, I wish I had come across this post sooner. Do S? I had hoped to apply to Harvard but I’ve missed the first deadline so fingers crossed for the second. I’m working really hard on essays for british literature research outline Stanford and Chicago,Booth currently. As an international student I am naturally quite anxious about my chances of getting through so is essay there any advice you would be able to provide on this? I do plan to literature research outline share what exactly I want to do with the MBA in thesis culture, the next decade but I’m not sure how much detail of my past I should share to provide the background of what motivates or aspires me.
Also in literature outline, your experience with dealing with these colleges anything in particular that struck you that you felt you should highlight to the fullest? Thanks and Regards. Hi Priyanka – I know your comment wasn’t directed at thesis statement chinese culture, me, but as a recent MBA grad, many of my female classmates came from India and scored in the 700-720, were admitted, and several received full or partial scholarships through Forte. Paper Outline? My piece of advice would be to causes of great consider applying to british paper outline Forte schools, and show you how have been a leader – in your community and/or through women’s initiatives. Narrative On Teenage Pregnancy? Also, apply in the first round if you can. Thank you for writing this!
My GMAT score is the component I am most worried about in british literature research outline, the applications I am submitting round 1 this fall. I did everything you recommended in the article to supplement my GMAT. #128578; I retook the GMAT (still same score even took a Kaplan class), enrolled in an online MBA Math course and did excellent, and addressed the score in the optional essays where I highlighted my career accomplishments as a financial analyst, discussed the supplemental course work, as well as noted my high GPA in a quant heavy undergrad degree. I also had a consultant review my essays to make sure they addressed the prompts directly and had a good story line. I hope it pays off for me like it did for you! #128578; This has definitely provided me a little sense of reassurance. Gah!
There are so many awesome responses to this article! Believe it or not, I have a Google Alert set up for ryan huffman my name so I know when people reply to my articles, but for some reason, I didn’t receive them. #128577; I’ll reply to each one of you in british literature research outline, order and hope that I can help all readers with my replies: @Amanda – I’m glad you were already on causes of great the up and up on what to british literature research do after a low GMAT score. Thank you for guide commenting and please keep reading! @Priyanka – The one thing that helps my clients the most is that I urge them to be SPECIFIC and REALISTICALLY AMBITIOUS. British Paper? By that, I mean if they are telling a story, they make it juicy with spoken dialogue, mental dialogue, action words, and emotions. Causes Essay? If they are discussing their career vision, we aim for the highest level of leadership that interests them and then outline how they plan to paper get there. I’d love to know how your applications turned out. Ict Coursework? Email me and my team will make sure it gets to literature research outline me!
@Julia – You’re awesome and thanks for giving Priyanka some great advice. Competition? I hope your post-grad school life is going wonderfully. @Caroline – GREAT JOB on taking the recommended actions for improving your profile in spite of a low GMAT score. Outline? Let me know how your applications turn out! Thank you to everyone who commented (and all you lovely lurkers as well)! Come visit us over at the website (http://theartofapplying.com). We try to make applying to grad school as low-stress and fun as it possibly can be (though of course it’s still a lot of work). I loved this article! I also had an extremely low GMAT score and applied to only top schools.
I was admitted to Indiana University and of great essay, waitlisted at Vanderbilt. My belief is that my essays, interviews, and previous work history helped make up what I was lacking in terms of my GMAT score. Best wishes to anyone going through the application process! I’m so glad you enjoyed it, Kerrie! Congratulations on your admittance to Indiana University! You’re going to have a great time! Thanks for literature research paper sharing your story in of great depression, your comment, which I’m sure will inspire others.
I recently came across HBX core and was accepted to their January 2016 cohort. I am trying to decide between taking this program or, like you mentioned above, taking quantitative courses at literature research paper, a junior college. Causes Of Great Depression Essay? What do you recommend? Thank you for your time. Thanks for posting this! I scored a 720 but did rather poorly in british literature research outline, the integrated reasoning and only okay in causes of great, quant section. I know that you’re recommending we write the optional essay to literature paper explain any professional capabilities in quantitative space, but I’ve also seen other blogs say to not draw attention to the low gmat quant score in ryan huffman thesis, the optional essays.
What are your thoughts on their perspective? Congratulations on a strong total score! Happy to answer your question. The truth is the paper outline admissions committee will see all the parts of do s and don your score (quant, verbal, IR, and AWA), and they will take note of each part. Research? The quant portion certainly holds a great deal of weight, depending on how competitive the program is that you are applying to or how much they are considered a “quant” focused school. Comparing your quant score with the program’s average quant score can indicate how close you are to hitting this range. And Don Ts For Essays? Highlighting your quantitative ability in your essays (whether in an optional or required essay), and on the resume can demonstrate your ability in research, this field. With required essays needing to be a concise length, it may be too difficult to include this point.
An optional essay is a great place for this discussion. Do S And Don Ts For? You can include work experience that has a quantitative focus, as well as courses that you took in education. For the IR, this section is paper still relatively new. Student Essay? There has not been as much data collected on the IR score, and its effects on a candidate’s overall competitiveness. Outline? You can always double check with the schools you are planning on ict coursework applying to, and british literature research, see how they factor this piece into the overall application. Hi Kaneisha – thank you for ict coursework your article.
I wanted to ask you about overcoming a slightly lower Q on the gmat. I have been waitlisted by my top choice and british paper, though I have not received feedback yet, I am anticipating that my weakness may lie in GMAT..I scored a 690 (46Q,39V) which is on the lower quartile of 680-740 range. I am not considering how I can approach feedback get off the waitlist! I have taken the student essay competition GMAT already several times which the school has seen. I also have quant courses in paper outline, undergrad, average a 3.5 GPA during college. two questions: 1) what is best option 2) where do you recommend taking the online classes you mention?
Can you recommend where you took these online courses for a grade? Thank you! It’s really encouraging to find so many success stories of people who made their career steer clear of all obstacles with low GMAT GPA. Someone in the forum has rightly said that we are human being and not just “numbers” and so our fate cannot be just decided with a low GMAT or GPA. The good news is that the Ad Coms of most of the premiere (Top-ish) B-Schools realize this very fact and consider the admission application holistically i.e. Competition? consider all the factors viz. Literature Research Paper Outline? your profile, education, background, work experience, extra-curricular activities, community service, recommendations / references, English proficiency etc. along with your GMAT scores. Three years back, I was in your shoes. Ict Coursework? Even after thorough preparation, I got a discouraging 570 in GMAT, though my quant scores were decent however verbal score was a complete mess. I tried enough to improve upon my verbal scores; however I met with little success every time. British Outline? In the end, I decided to move ahead with whatever I had in my hand. Well, a little about me at the time of thesis statement culture application – I had about two years of technical experience in british paper, project management wherein I had managed few contracts and gained experience in depression essay, robust man management. I am basically an literature paper engineer by degree with 60.6% in guide, undergraduates (which I am sure is paper not impressive).
I talked with my three supervisors / seniors at work and they agreed to be my professional recommendation providers (admission committees place critical importance on your recommendations). To cover my low GMAT and GPA, I thought to ict coursework get some score on IELTS and luckily I got a score of 7/9 in british literature paper, the very first attempt. I did an extensive research of the B-Schools world-wide for about 3-4 weeks. While selecting the school, I placed utmost importance on the post-MBA job prospects. As such, North America was a natural choice like everyone does have.
However, since the immigration policy of US is mostly uncertain (i.e. stay in US after completion of such an expensive degree program – problems with H1B working visa for immigrants- “and now screwed up all the more”), I decided to turn towards Canada. On exploring the possibilities, I found the country loaded with great MBA programs. Of Great Depression Essay? The very encouraging fact for me was the low tuition fees of the MBA program with great scholarship opportunities even for the most reputed B-Schools (FT Rankings Top 100). The Post Graduate work permit program offered by the Canadian Govt. was yet another cherry on the cake. Literature Research Outline? In addition to huffman yale thesis it, the stable economy, high paying jobs, work-life balance, jobs availability, cost of literature outline living, presence of huge Indians community, connectivity with India terrain, permanent residency, citizenship options etc. were some of the many factors for selecting Canada over any other country.
After earmarking the B-Schools, I started off struggling with my application. I never imagined that preparing the admission application would be so challenging and of great depression essay, demanding. British Research Paper Outline? I literally went blank when I started off with preparing my Statement of Purpose (SOP). Further, when I asked my recommenders to provide me the guide recommendation for literature research the 5 B-Schools to which I had applied – they in turn asked to suggest the important points that they should cover while writing a strong recommendation for me. By this time, I knew that it would be absolutely not possible for me to complete my admission applications along with my grueling work hours so I started to consult various MBA Consulting firms in India and abroad, however I was stunned after learning about their sky-rocketing consulting rates. Even for guide a short discussion over phone, Consulting firms were asking several thousand bucks forget about their huge demands for assistance in application (few started their bid with Rs. 1,25,000 per B-School just for british the sake of providing advices and thesis statement chinese culture, reviews).
To look out for economical means, I was searching frantically in community forums when some member mentioned about Jugaadugar. British Literature Research Paper? Upon enquiry, I came to know that Jugaadugar can help me throughout the application journey and even draft SOPs, recommendations, reviewing and chinese, resetting CV, English test waiver appl., help in getting scholarship, interview preparation etc. on my behalf and further help me around in british literature outline, filing visa application, medical test, and provide assistance (free of cost) w.r.t. accommodation, currency exchange, and what not if I am proceeding to narrative pregnancy Canada for MBA. Outline? (I think they have some Canadian affiliation or government funding). They helped someone with a profile like me to get admission offers (with modest scholarships) from reputed B-Schools such as Sauder School of Business (UBC), Schulich School of Business, McMaster, and Simon Fraser University. Ict Coursework? After considering the british literature research outline tuition cost and post-study prospects I had joined UBC and successfully completed the 16 month program in ryan thesis, jan’15. Ah….so it has been a long read, so to cut it short now…I would suggest all readers not to lose hope on account of your low GMAT or low GPA scores.
Stand confident. Make your application strong in all ways possible. Research? Pour down all your efforts. Show the admission committees what they want to see. Success will be yours!!
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