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ben stein cbs essay There's this e-mail that makes the rounds now and then. Term. It's always reported as being written by write for a Ben Stein, though actually only the first part of it is (the bit about Christmas trees). You should be able to get the basic idea of what the e-mail says because the paper pdf, text of the entire e-mail is embedded in between my responses, but if you're interested in the original article itself and the validity thereof, you might want to read these things first: Anyway, my mother forwarded this to me (as it was forwarded to her) and she said, Love to hear your response to this. And respond I did. After writing it, I decided some of the points I made were things I wanted to say on my site, so here they are. The e-mail text is in the Courier font. Enjoy! The following was written by Ben Stein and recited by and contrast on basketball and football him on CBS Sunday Morning Commentary.
I am a Jew, and every single one of parts of a term paper, my ancestors was Jewish. Water Wars. And it does not bother me even a little bit when people call those beautiful lit up, bejeweled trees Christmas trees. I don't feel threatened. Parts Term Paper. I don't feel discriminated against. That's what they are: Christmas trees. Very true. Christmas trees are Christmas trees.
Well, considering many people decorate them because they're carrying on dtp resume a tradition they don't even realize was invented to celebrate Pagan traditions, this is a bit ironic, but I don't have any problem with someone decorating a tree in celebration of of a term paper pdf, Christmas if they think it helps their holiday seem merrier. Compare. I do have to wonder what they think a decorated tree has to do with Jesus, though. Ancient Pagans revered a tree that could stay green in winter as a symbol of the of a term, Green Man's birth and a promise of spring. If a Christian has any insight as to why they celebrate Christmas on December 25th even though the Bible makes it obvious that the birth couldn't have happened in the dead of winter, I'd love to hear it. Dtp Resume. But considering it's always been common knowledge (among those who actually pay attention to the past, that is) that early Christians deliberately appropriated the time frames and parts of a term paper celebration styles of the cultures they were trying to paragraph, indoctrinate as it made conversion easier, I think I already have my answer as to what Christmas trees symbolize. Parts Of A Paper Pdf. . Definition Writing. . . It doesn't bother me a bit when people say, Merry Christmas to parts of a, me. I don't think they are slighting me or getting ready to put me in book form pdf a ghetto. In fact, I kind of like it.
It shows that we are all brothers and parts of a term pdf sisters celebrating this happy time of dtp resume, year. Parts Pdf. It doesn't bother me at all that there is a manger scene on display at a key intersection near my beach house in Malibu . If people want a creche, it's just as fine with me as is the Menorah a few hundred yards away. It doesn't really bother me to get wished a Merry Christmas, but acting as though everyone really celebrates it even if they don't believe in God is the attitude I don't appreciate. We're NOT all brothers and sisters celebrating this happy time of year any more than we're all brothers and sisters celebrating this happy time of year when the how to write a topic for a research, kids get out of school and talk about summer vacation as if everyone gets to go on leave just because they are. Parts Paper Pdf. I don't know about you, but I have to work even if it's summer, so summer vacation doesn't apply to me and I wouldn't want people to ray bradbury, assume I'm celebrating it. Parts Term. I don't like getting pushed around for being a Jew, and I don't think Christians like getting pushed around for book report form pdf being Christians.
I think people who believe in God are sick and tired of getting pushed around, period. I have no idea where the concept came from that America is an explicitly atheist country. I can't find it in the Constitution and parts term paper pdf I don't like it being shoved down my throat. Nobody likes getting pushed around for anything they hold dear. That's universal.
It's not just the people who believe in God. And I've got news for anyone who thinks everyone's pushing people who believe in on basketball and football God around: More than 98% of the people in the world believe in term paper some form of a topic paragraph for a research, supreme spiritual being, and of a term the remaining maybe one and a half percent are NOT bossing around the rest of you in a dictatorship. They're just not. People who believe in God are in power. Known atheists are significantly less likely to get elected for public office than even homosexuals, and we all know how much the Religious Right hates THEM. A Topic Paragraph For A Research Paper. If not being a theist basically means everyone thinks you don't have the moral integrity or the proper values to lead, that means you don't get to whine that you're getting pushed around for term pdf believing in water God.
You should NOT be offended that your faith gets attacked when it steps in places it was never meant to step. Many people who believe in God still don't believe other people should be forced or encouraged by government or society to believe in their religions. Nobody claims America is an parts term paper explicitly atheist country. In fact, many places in America are the most religious on essays Earth--Europe is a lot more atheist than we are. The Constitution doesn't say we should not believe in God. It just says that we should never establish an parts of a paper official religion or use the government's power to enforce adherance to any religious creed whatsoever. Or maybe I can put it another way: where did the for a research, idea come from that we should worship Nick and Jessica and we aren't allowed to parts of a term paper, worship God as we understand Him?
I guess that's a sign that I'm getting old, too. But there are a lot of us who are wondering where Nick and Jessica came from and where the America we knew went to. . . . Is someone saying somewhere that worship should be transferred to form, celebrities and now thou shalt not worship God how you want? Yes, where DID this idea come from? From this e-mail. Because nobody is saying that. In light of the many jokes we send to of a term paper pdf, one another for a laugh, this is teaching, a little different: This is not intended to be a joke; it's not funny, it's intended to get you thinking. Billy Graham's daughter was interviewed on the Early Show and Jane Clayson asked her How could God let something like this happen? (regarding Katrina) Anne Graham gave an term extremely profound and essay insightful response. Parts Of A Pdf. She said, I believe God is deeply saddened by this, just as we are, but for years we've been telling God to get out of how to write paper, our schools, to get out of our government and to term pdf, get out of our lives. And being the gentleman He is, I believe He has calmly backed out. How can we expect God to give us His blessing and His protection if we demand He leave us alone? Ahh yes.
Katrina (or 9/11, or Turkish earthquakes, or fires in book report form pdf California) happened because of what humans did to God. Wow. This has to of a term paper, be one of the most stunningly ignorant and ARROGANT statements I've ever heard. Water Wars. First off, Billy Graham's daughter is term paper pdf, speaking for God, and how to write a topic paragraph research paper right there that's the of a paper pdf, picture of arrogance. She's claiming that because some people did some things that won't let her religion get its grubby little fingers into the nooks and dtp resume crannies that the Constitution decrees it shouldn't, God reared back and said Fine then. Have a natural disaster and see how you like it! (But I'll make sure to aim it at a place where no direct correlation can be drawn, so people like Billy Graham can claim it's because of homos or abortion being tolerated there.) I don't know if people who say this kind of thing are really just this short-sighted, but guess what? Natural disasters have ALWAYS happened. And they are just that: Natural. Forest fires and hurricanes and floods and earthquakes exist because they are part of how nature renews itself.
They are side effects of a planet with weather systems and a plate tectonics mechanism, and that's a fact. THEY HAPPENED LONG BEFORE HUMANS GOT HERE. Can they seriously believe that putting the smackdown on display of the Ten Commandments or something like that could CAUSE natural disasters? What's really ironic about this is that probably almost all of them have shrugged and said that's absurd! when presented with the idea that some American Indians believe in rain dances. But secondly, the bit about being the gentleman He is, I believe He has calmly backed out . Parts Of A Paper Pdf. . . I hardly even know how to start. Essay Water. Maybe I shouldn't, and should just say . . . Of A Paper Pdf. if you think God's way as described in the Judeo-Christian tradition is to calmly back out when denied or ignored because of being such a gentleman, then . Ray Bradbury Essays. . . you should READ A BIBLE.
Because you obviously HAVEN'T. The God of parts paper pdf, Abraham is only the most jealous, obsessive, foul-tempered, bad-mannered deity in book form pdf all of Western literature. When he says don't look back and term you look back, you get turned into a pillar of teaching definition writing, salt. And on of a paper a grander scale, if God gets sick of the way everyone's acting, He tends to do things like, oh, flood the whole world and drown everyone. God of the Bible is extremely intolerant, especially of form, anything that involves belief in and respect of HIM. Not to mention that if He backed out, does that mean the hurricane or terrorist attack or earthquake happened by itself because His presence disappeared? Or does it mean He sent it in retaliation for our actions? (That last sounds more like Him, as per of a paper, the Bible.) Regardless of whether it's Him standing by and doing nothing in the wake of a disaster or whether He sent them purposely, is this gentlemanly behavior, Anne? The statement Billy Graham's daughter made was hardly profound and insightful.
It was just a demonstration of ignorance and arrogance . . . and furthermore, sadly, it is all too prevalent an attitude among those who think themselves the true followers of God's real message. In light of recent events. terrorists attack, school shootings, etc. I think it started when Madeleine Murray O'Hare (she was murdered, her body found recently) complained she didn't want prayer in our schools, and we said OK. Wait, things started going wrong recently? You found a starting point of humans-ignoring-God-related disasters? This is getting silly! Maybe this is a joke e-mail after all. School is a government-run institution. If you want to essay, have a moment of silence for some reason, dandy. But you can't announce that it's prayer time and definitely can't dictate a correct prayer to the students because doing so is directly in opposition to the Constitution's tenets.
And yes, leading students in prayer or suggesting anything that they should be praying about in parts term a school setting DOES indicate that this is the dtp resume, school's position on such things. If your family was Christian and you were taught Christianity all your life but then you just happened to be the minority in some area, I would think you would be grateful for any rule that says your children wouldn't be subjected to the majority religion in a place they are required by law to go every day. Then someone said you better not read the Bible in school The Bible says thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not steal, and love your neighbor as yourself. And we said OK. Parts Paper. Actually if you take certain parts of the Bible as literature they are interesting parables, and it's true that no understanding of ray bradbury essays, Western literature is complete without at of a term, least a basic understanding of the Old and New Testaments' contribution to the body of literature. In fact, I read the story of Job in high school as required reading, and water I didn't think there was anything wrong with that assignment. Reading the of a paper, Bible is not outlawed in pdf school. Parts Of A Paper. Teaching it as if it should be regarded as the eternal, inerrant Word of God is another matter. And the Bible says a hell of a lot more than thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not steal, and love your neighbor as yourself.
The Bible does NOT have the monopoly on ray bradbury essays morality, and the Bible is not the only place you can find it. People learn everyday courtesy, morals, and important social concepts in school all the time without any help from religion, and nobody thinks it's wrong to teach don't kill, don't steal, and love your neighbor. It's just that the document that's been repeatedly posted and removed in classrooms worldwide is parts term, a RELIGIOUS DOCTRINE. Wars. So most people who want this doctrine posted in schools hop up and down screaming there's nothing wrong with the Ten Commandments! Even if they came from a religious source they're still a good idea! Our children need moral guidance! But do they even KNOW what the paper pdf, commandments are? I think there are only four of them that are obviously good ideas in all situations, and then there are two more that are probably good ideas in most situations. Report Pdf. Then there are four that are specifically religious and outside the context of the religion they are irrelevant. Yes, it's a good idea to not murder, not steal, not lie, and not commit adultery. Parts Pdf. And yes, it's usually a good idea to honor your father and mother (though what exactly does that mean, and what if your dad tells you you should do something that this list says thou shalt not??), and it's usually a good idea to teaching definition writing, not covet (though again what exactly that means is parts paper pdf, a little hairy--are they saying you shouldn't be jealous--a feeling you really can't help, since it's in the human nature supposedly created by this God--or are they just saying you shouldn't try to get it for your own?
That's already covered in stealing, I thought). But then, thou shalt have no other gods before me, thou shalt not make idols (or graven images), thou shalt remember the Sabbath, and thou shalt not take the teaching definition essay, lord's name in vain . Parts Term Pdf. . . these are RELIGIOUS. Essay Water Wars. EXPLICITLY SO. Of A Paper. They are not just good ideas. They are specific religious practices. And if a school or other government-funded institution posts these things, this is the same as declaring a position, which is unconstitutional. It is illegal to how to write paragraph, not pay your taxes. I think it's only parts paper pdf, fair that it be illegal to use the tax money to essays, support actions that break the same laws that say I have to pay the taxes.
It's a double standard, and it's wrong and of a term paper pdf stupid. Essays. Not to mention I somehow doubt that it's because the parts pdf, Ten Commandments weren't on the wall of the classroom that some kids got disgusted and started a school shooting. Saying that's the case is misdirection of the worst kind. How many psychotic people have murdered others specifically in the name of report pdf, God? A lot. Of A Term Pdf. What they had in common was being psychotic.
And considering the Old Testament depicts one of its heroes being willing to sacrifice his son to essay writing, God because he heard a voice in his head saying God wanted him to pdf, kill his kid as a show of and contrast on basketball and football, faith, I don't think the Bible is necessarily a good document to help people figure out where their morals should lie. Of A Term. A modern dad who did that would totally get put away. Think he shouldn't? Maybe we should read that ol' Bible a little more to get our morals on essay water wars straight. Then Dr.
Benjamin Spock said we shouldn't spank our children when they misbehave because their little personalities would be warped and we might damage their self-esteem (Dr. Spock's son committed suicide). Term. We said an expert should know what he's talking about. And we said OK. Dtp Resume. This is kind of non sequitur. Child rearing is different for everyone and there are experts on both sides for and against spanking. Is this e-mail trying to tell me that if we teach children that all their transgressions will be answered with violence, they will grow into less violent people? I think it's important that there be CONSEQUENCES and that children recognize that their actions have effects.
If there is an understanding, a connection, between a mistake and parts of a term paper pdf its consequences, children learn. Maybe some don't learn as well if the teaching definition writing, consequence isn't physically painful. I don't know, but like I said, this doesn't really have much to do with anything. Parts Of A Term Pdf. (Oh yeah, and teaching essay Dr. Spock doesn't have a son who committed suicide, either. What a rotten thing to make up and spin so it looks like Spock's advice hurts children so badly that they kill themselves. Smooth. One of his grandsons, who was schizophrenic, did commit suicide, but it'd be disgusting to assume that a mentally ill young man must have killed himself because his grandfather didn't know what he was doing when it came to of a pdf, child-rearing. It's horrifying that someone would take a family's personal tragedy and essay wars try to term paper pdf, make it an advertisement for water the truth of a unrelated religious agenda!) Now we're asking ourselves why our children have no conscience, why they don't know right from wrong, and why it doesn't bother them to of a term pdf, kill strangers, their classmates, and themselves.
Except that people have been shaking their heads at wars, the state of the term, world and whining about kids today since antiquity. It is no worse today than it was. Book Report Form Pdf. It's just DIFFERENT, which makes some people think it's worse. I guarantee you, if you went back in parts time a few hundred years, say to the time of slavery, and saw that white masters were allowed to dtp resume, torture or kill their slaves just because they were thought sub-human due to parts paper, their skin color, you would shake your head and say OH, what has happened to the state of the teaching writing, world? This is upside-down! How can people be so cruel? We would never act like this in my time! That's just how it was then, and it was horrible, and of a term paper pdf now the horrible things in our world regarding how we treat each other just happen to be different. We're not really going in a downward spiral. Some things are worse than they were, and some are better.
Believe it or not, documents like the compare on basketball, Ten Commandments were written in the times of the early Jews thousands of of a paper, years ago specifically BECAUSE morals have always been a struggle for the human species. Making a generalization that children today have no conscience and kill people and claiming it has something to do with a lack of God in their lives is obscenely ignorant. During the Crusades Christian soldiers killed strangers for God plenty of times, and during the Inquisition witch-hunters tortured people in the name of what God wanted (by their understanding of Him--and I guarantee you, it was Bible-based). Probably, if we think about it long and hard enough, we can figure it out. I think it has a great deal to do with WE REAP WHAT WE SOW. Funny how simple it is for people to trash God and then wonder why the definition writing, world's going to hell. Parts Term Pdf. Funny how we believe what the newspapers say, but question what the Bible says. Considering believing in God, being religious, or even attending church has NO correlation with being a good person, I'd say this is misleading. It is ray bradbury, not God that keeps people on the straight and narrow--and it never was.
If anyone honestly thinks that declaring martial law and force-feeding everyone a Judeo-Christian, Bible-based education would make the world a better place, they are completely nuts. Of A Paper Pdf. They tried that in essay on basketball and football seventeenth-century England. Term Paper Pdf. Guess what happened? The United States of America happened. People ran away from that kind of brutality, that kind of enforced adherence to a specific moral philosophy as seen by water the ruling party, and they started their own place where people would be free to think what they wanted about God and everything else. This society WAS founded on freedom--NOT on God. This country's founders, the people who wrote the Constitution, were Deists, and many of them weren't even Christian in the real sense of the word. When they wrote in our founding document that there should be no officially recognized state religion, they spelled out that they meant freedom of parts term paper pdf, religion--and freedom FROM it, if desired. They did NOT mean This great new country is going to be a place where people can worship Our Idea of teaching definition essay writing, God any way they want based on Judeo-Christian values. If you're going to term paper pdf, moan about where the America we used to know went to, try taking a look at what it's become compared with what it was meant to be. Our country's motto is now In God We Trust, and idiots who seek to pull the wool over definition essay, our eyes act as though it's always been that way.
Nope. It became our motto in 1956. Parts. It used to be E Pluribus Unum. Out of many, one. Ray Bradbury. And that was the parts of a, intention of the people who WROTE the founding documents. (In 1782, incidentally. Report Form Pdf. It has a bit more history than In God We Trust. Especially since it's Latin.) We ended up with a motto that doesn't represent all of us because the parts term, people in book form power believe this way. How dare you claim YOU'RE the ignored, the shunned, the stepped-upon when it's your bigotry and small-mindedness that's causing a lot of the problems we have . . . and now you're blaming the problems on people's failure to of a term, further accept your hijacked platform! Those of us who don't believe in God the way you do--or don't believe in God at all--generally practice religious tolerance. We have to do so in order to avoid committing immoral acts like killing, lying, and stealing--we have to tolerate you because it is water, your right to practice something even if it's dumb, and we aren't planning on killing you, lying about you, or stealing your country to deny you that pleasure.
Unfortunately you're trying to parts term, do that to us, and you have always done so because those are the kinds of morals you find in those Bibles of yours. Report. You complain that we take them out of the schools and pdf that's why people don't know what's in write a topic paragraph research paper them, but DO YOU? Do you know in what situations God recommends that you kill your enemies? Do you know that God commands His followers to do so countless times in parts of a term paper pdf those stories? Do you even realize that that's what you're essentially doing? You're trying to bury us as if it's a sad state of affairs that your religion isn't in charge of what people do and think. What's a sad state of affairs is when people think it needs to be.
Morals are perfectly capable of being taught and passed down outside of a religious context. Do you refrain from robbing banks simply because you know the police will probably catch you and compare essay throw you in jail? Or do you refrain because you know that money isn't yours and it's wrong to do it? I vote for the latter. And I for parts of a one have never needed the looming figure of an angry God in book report pdf my head threatening me with hellfire in order to behave like a decent human being.
I behave decently because my mother taught me to respect other people and do things to and for them only to increase their happiness, if possible. (Or at least don't hurt them.) I never heard her say one word about how if I behaved badly I would get punished by God, nor did she tell me I should depend for parts paper pdf my sense of what is right and wrong on a book. I have a conscience because I am human and I had good morals socially reinforced in my mind before it was fully formed by a GOOD UPBRINGING, not because I follow any particular God. Funny how you can send 'jokes' through e-mail and on basketball they spread like wildfire but when you start sending messages regarding the parts term paper, Lord, people think twice about dtp resume sharing. Parts Of A Term. Funny how lewd, crude, vulgar and obscene articles pass freely through cyberspace, but public discussion of God is suppressed in form the school and term pdf workplace. Are you laughing? Funny how when you forward this message, you will not send it to many on essay on basketball and football your address list because you're not sure what they believe, or what they will think of parts of a paper, you for sending it. I wouldn't send this to anyone on MY address list because it's a bunch of preachy, hypocritical bullshit. Funny how we can be more worried about definition writing what other people think of us than what God thinks of us. Parts Of A Term Paper. Or what some arrogant son-of-a-bitch is trying to tell me God thinks of me because of writing, my unwillingness to follow a revealed text written by men thousands of years ago.
The men who wrote the books of the parts of a pdf, Bible probably didn't know what was good for my soul any more than the doctors of that time knew what was good for my body. Speaking for dtp resume God like this just takes the cake. Pass it on if you think it has merit. If not then just discard it. no one will know you did. But, if you discard this thought process, don't sit back and complain about what bad shape the world is in.
Yeah, I guess if I don't pass on this drivel, it means I lose my rights to complain. Term Pdf. That makes a whole lot of paragraph paper, sense. The whole thing was written with this smarmy tone as if obvious truths were being conveyed here; as if everyone who reads it would necessarily agree with the pdf, idea that rejection of the Bible (and the God described in essays it) is the cause of parts term paper pdf, all these problems we have in the world. Truthfully? I found it pompous, pretentious, presumptuous, and not at all profound. It's obvious the author of this piece thinks this is really laid out compare and contrast essay and football clear here and that all who read it will see where the real blame lies. *I* think the real blame lies in trying to blame everyone else for not seeing the light by your definition. The light is parts of a paper, all of and contrast essay on basketball, us being allowed to create our own, and being free to live by it as long as it doesn't snuff anyone else's out. Parts Term. If you don't like light, just put out teaching definition writing your eyes. Parts Of A Pdf. Don't put out the how to write research paper, sun. Parts Paper Pdf. Some of us like it where it is.
My Best Regards, Honestly and report respectfully, MY Best Regards, Honestly not respecting you very much right now, May the term, Force be with you. Any comments left here are PUBLIC. If you are not comfortable with that, mail me directly. Comments from others: Toon Review: I read this whole thing out loud. (Yet to wars, myself, which is weird.) I honestly agree with everything that you've said. Term Paper. I know that sounds like a lot of butt kissing, but trust me. A Topic For A. I'm not exaggerating. Of A Paper Pdf. First of all, I doubt this was written by Ben Stein, so says my gut instinct. Second, you've raised many interesting and educational points, so much so that I think this should be a big long four-part youtube video. (If it isn't already.) And, I kid you not, I had the EXACT same thought some time ago when you were talking about dtp resume Abraham killing his son as a sign of faith, and how if someone were to do that today, (In the name of of a paper pdf, God,) well, I don't think very many people will believe him. I used the book report form, same ideology to wonder. For instance, there are a lot of parts of a paper, Christians I know (I'm not one of them) who say they are waiting for dtp resume the Messiah to parts of a term, come back, for Jesus to return.
Uh huh. Water. And if someone TODAY were to paper, show up and claim he was the essays, son of God, everyone would think he's a maniac. Paper. I could say more on how to write a topic paragraph paper the matter, but I don't want to fill up too much space. :P. Of A Term Paper Pdf. Thank you for how to paragraph for a research a very interesting read! Keep it up. And may the Force be with you as well. Bunks: That's a very well-written piece. I was impressed with some of the info you provided (most notably how religious unrest in England led to the founding of America).
Ben Stein makes me sad. Parts Of A Term Paper Pdf. Ever since that movie came out, every time I see him, I just shake my head sadly. Essays. I used to like him a lot; he's a smart guy very funny. Parts. But this kind of thing destroys all credibility. Synesthesia: Ben Stein kind of annoys me.
Mainly because of his video about dtp resume evolution I should see one day. It's just that creationism or intelligent design shouldn't be taught in schools as science because it's just not real science, but theology! Anyway, the person who wrote that part about Spock's son was wrong. His son didn't commit suicide. Suicide has little to do with not getting spanked. I wish these people would realise that you can raise well adjusted kids without inflicting pain on them. That to say that when spanking was mainstream every single child in parts of a the whole country was good, patriotic and pure is just plain false. It's like they don't want to look at the whole picture but they just want to believe that the 50s was such a perfect time and only recently now that there's Happy Holidays instead of Merry Christmas, and since there's not enough paddling in schools only NOW has the country suddenly turn evil. What are these folks smoking? Joe: I'm a Catholic, so I respectfully disagree with the majority of this essay: although I disagree with Stein as well. odd. I consider your points very well put together and I can definitely see where you're coming from; this is teaching definition essay, one of the best religious essays I've read.
The problem is that you don't have all the facts in some of your cases. For example: And considering the Old Testament depicts one of its heroes being willing to sacrifice his son to God because he heard a voice in his head saying God wanted him to kill his kid as a show of faith, I don't think the Bible is necessarily a good document to help people figure out parts of a term where their morals should lie. A modern dad who did that would totally get put away. Dtp Resume. Think he shouldn't? Maybe we should read that ol' Bible a little more to get our morals on parts of a term paper pdf straight. Well, here's the thing. You didn't quite finish the dtp resume, story. Parts Paper Pdf. Abraham did not kill his son. The voice in his head also happened to tell him not to: that it was just, as you noted, to write paragraph for a paper, show his faith and parts term pdf commitment. I'm not trying to start a debate (unless you're interested, in which case I'm game), I just figured it might be worth pointing out. Bree: when watching your asexuality video, i found one about an atheist who refused to participate in prayer during sports because she felt it was disrespectfull to them.
Because of that, she was excluded and harrased by teachers and students. When interviewed, a person who lived there didnt even know what atheists beleived! (a basic understanding of word stems could have could have clued them in. ) Wolfgang: Great essay. Compare And Football. Small nitpick: when you say They tried that in parts term pdf seventeenth century England. Guess what happened? The United States of how to write for a paper, America Your history is parts of a pdf, just a bit off there. Essay On Basketball. People who wanted to persecute based on their religions in England, but the Anglicans were already doing that, so they reached a compromise, because England had a lot of land in the New World on their hands.
The crown gave people colonies for a diverse number of reasons, but most with total religous freedom only of a term, had it incidentally. Then there was this thing called the French-Indian War, the aftermath of which the Crown handled poorly, which ended up creating lots of new taxes. Like the people in compare on basketball and football current U.S. Parts Of A Paper Pdf. territories, the Crown Colonies were taxed without their representation, which gave the Brittish Colonists something to unite against. A lot of the scholars of the day were Deists, and essay water scholarly, charismatic men took to parts of a term paper, leading this Revolution. Realizing that the country they were planning to create was filled with bottom-of-the-barrel religions that England was quick to toss out for being too conservative (Puritans) or too liberal (Quakers), they decided that the Union as a whole shouldn't have a religion. Since their original post-Revolutionary Union, what with it's Articles of Confederacy that pretty much said Do what you want, States, but pretty please help us be a Union., didn't work out report pdf so well (see: Shays' Rebellion) they made a new Constitution in Order to create a more perfect Union. When they added the parts paper, Bill of rights, the same charismatic scholars who led the Revolution decided Okay, let's build a wall of seperation between Church and state, because that was a popular idea at a topic paragraph, the time. And that's how America was made! Wow. for term paper pdf a historical nitpick, that was pretty long. Anyway, my point was that we should stop pretending stuff isn't complicated. Michael W. Gephart: It is not necessarily anti-Christian to dtp resume, call a Christmas Tree a Holiday tree.
Many people leave their tree up until after New Years. Since they use it to celebrate two holidays, it can rightfully be called a Holiday tree. Merry Xmas, non-believers!
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Literature Search Methods for the Development of Clinical Practice Guidelines. Ione Auston, MLS, Marjorie A. Cahn, MA, Catherine R. Selden, MLS, National Library of Medicine, Office of Health Services Research Information. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Office of the Forum for Quality and Effectiveness in Health Care, Forum Methodology Conference. In December 1989, Title IX amendments to of a pdf Public Health Service Act established the Agency for Health Care Policy and compare, Research (AHCPR) and required AHCPR and of a, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to enter into an agreement to improve information services for ray bradbury health services researchers. As part of this effort, NLM has: Provided literature searching and back-up document delivery services for 13 AHCPR- sponsored guideline development panels; and Analyzed references actually incorporated into AHCPR-sponsored guidelines to identify any patterns that suggest ways to parts term paper pdf streamline the literature search and dtp resume, review process for future guideline panels (Cahn, Selden, Auston, 1992). Based on these experiences, this paper provides NLM's suggested methodology for identifying, retrieving, and managing literature that forms the basis of a clinical practice guideline. To search efficiently for all known scientific evidence on a particular clinical topic, it is important to understand the literature search process and to plan well. Parts Of A Term Paper Pdf? The following model has been developed to assist Guideline Development Panels in planning and organizing the literature search process.
Panels will need to adapt these procedures according to their goals, available resources, and time constraints. A literature search is a systematic and explicit approach to the identification, retrieval, and bibliographic management of essay wars independent studies (usually drawn from published sources) for the purpose of locating information on a topic, synthesizing conclusions, identifying areas for future study, and of a term paper pdf, developing guidelines for clinical practice. Essay Water? Computer database searches are the most efficient way to identify published studies. Computer searches may be supplemented with manual searches of print sources. Parts? Also, it is expected that Guideline Development Panel members will bring to the literature search process their subject expertise and knowledge of studies completed and forthcoming. Literature identification and management, the search process, is dtp resume distinguished from (but key to the integrity of) the parts paper pdf, literature review process. A literature review involves analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing scientific evidence derived from studies identified through the search process and is the topic of other papers commissioned by the Forum. However, it should be noted that search process tools may also be applied to literature review tasks. For example, specialized bibliographic management software used in the literature search process (see Step 1.3, below) may also be used for essay water wars inserting data extracted from studies or codes keyed to data extraction tables into bibliographic records. Such use will assist panels in reviewing large numbers of studies and documenting each by parts of a term paper stated relevancy criteria. The 6 general steps in the literature search process, and the individuals critical to implementing these steps, are described below and presented in Figure 1.
Before the first panel meeting, a planning and coordination meeting is usually held to discuss the dtp resume, guideline development process. Topics covered typically include development of guideline concepts, organizing the literature search process, and selection of methodology(ies) for parts term pdf literature review. This meeting should include the Panel Chair(s), AHCPR Panel Manager(s), Panel Methodologist(s), Literature Review Coordinator and Literature Searcher(s) (see 1.2, below), and any other individuals who will be actively involved in managing the guideline development process. Discussion concerning the paragraph research paper, literature search process should focus on the overall direction of the searches, specific guidance for preliminary computerized searches, literature management tasks (e.g., processes for obtaining documents for review, photocopying, distributing to reviewers, tracking review status), and assigning responsibilities for tasks. 1.2 Select Literature Review Management, Searching, and Document Delivery Staff. Literature Review Coordinator. Because the of a, guideline development process is literature dependent, each panel needs a Literature Review Coordinator (LRC) responsible for the management of the literature review process. The LRC should be experienced in how to write for a research computerized literature searching and/or managing computer reference services. In the search process, LRCs act as liaisons between panel members and professional Literature Searcher(s). Literature searching is a dynamic and iterative process; there is no one way to conduct a search and there are many variables involved. Panels typically need two preliminary computerized literature searches, a comprehensive search, and of a term paper pdf, periodic searches to update the material.
Further, the guideline development process demands searching on a much larger scale than is usually done by most researchers or librarians. Therefore, panel staff should include experienced, professional-librarian searcher(s). Panels also require consistency in the construction of search strategies and documentation of all searches for their final Guideline Report. To control variation in the searching process, it is recommended that arrangements be made to have the same searcher(s) work with the LRC throughout the life of the panel. Panels often decide to obtain hundreds to thousands of articles and documents for review and evaluation. Retrieval and dtp resume, copying requires a high level of parts of a term paper pdf effort.
Since most panel members' institutions can't absorb such effort into their normal routine, it is how to a topic paragraph paper recommended that panels negotiate arrangements for document delivery with a local medical library. This library should be a member of the parts of a pdf, National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) and located close to the Literature Review Coordinator and/or Panel Chair(s) who must consult with the local library throughout the document delivery cycle. 1.3 Obtain Computer Equipment and Reference Management Software. In order to manage the book form pdf, literature search and review processes, the Panel Chair and/or Literature Review Coordinator should have a personal computer (PC) with sufficient hard drive capacity to easily store and manipulate a very large bibliographic database. This PC should be equipped with reference management software and DOS. Parts Of A Term? Additionally, a printer and a modem are essential.
ProCite is the reference management software we chose to support AHCPR-sponsored guideline panels. It has a very fast and write a topic for a, accurate feature for parts of a pdf eliminating redundant records, and essay water, it can handle many thousands of pdf citations in essays a master database. It eliminates the need for multiple entry and reverification of references. ProCite provides for the easy downloading and importing of citations into a formatted database. Parts? ProCite also allows for dtp resume editing of records so that codes indicating document status can be inserted during the literature retrieval and review phases. It can easily export data to a word processor for desktop publishing of references. STEP 2: PRELIMINARY LITERATURE SEARCHING. 2.1 Conduct Content and Volume Searches. Following Step 1, panel staff (i.e., the parts of a paper, LRC and Literature Searcher(s)) should complete two preliminary searches of the essays, literature. The strategy for the first preliminary search should be quite detailed but have a limited time frame (e.g., six months). Citations should be downloaded, imported into reference management software, arranged by of a term pdf author, and printed out for review.
Reviewing this sample literature gives the panel an opportunity to water scan for missing citations and to see if the search strategy pulled a high proportion of of a term paper relevant citations. Panel Chair(s) may review this search themselves, or they may send it to dtp resume panel members. The second preliminary search is to determine the universe (volume and distribution) of literature available on the broad topic of the guideline. The second search strategy, therefore, should reflect the widest possible interpretation of the guideline topic and pdf, consist only wars of the term paper, counts (number) of citations retrieved from several key databases. This broad search graphically illustrates to essay panel members the general volume of literature and its distribution among databases. In our analysis of the first three AHCPR-supported panels (Acute Pain, Urinary Incontinence, and Pressure Ulcers), it was found that MEDLINE was the source for between 77 and 91 percent of the of a term paper pdf, literature used in these guidelines.
Further, all NLM sources combined provided 91 to 94 percent of all the literature cited in these guidelines' reports. Thus, it is recommended that MEDLINE and essay water wars, two to three other databases deemed most relevant to the specific topic be selected for the second preliminary search. As panels are interdisciplinary, members may only be familiar with the subset of the literature related to of a term paper pdf their specialty. The Panel Chair(s) and members need to obtain a clear picture of overall volume and essay on basketball and football, content in order to determine the level of of a term pdf effort and how to paragraph research paper, resources required for reviewing the literature. They will then be able to weigh the available time (e.g., 12 months) against the quantity of the literature and assess whether all specific issues within the parts term, broad guideline topic can reasonably be addressed. STEP 3: COMPREHENSIVE LITERATURE SEARCHING. As suggested above, the panel should review and assign priorities to write paragraph possible guideline topics and parts of a term pdf, subtopics. Teaching Definition? That is, panels should consider defining a series of separate guideline topics which may be undertaken as resources allow. Then, if needed, some topics can be deferred to a subsequent guideline panel.
This will help to ensure that questions to be addressed by pdf a panel can be developed within the timeframe specified for that panel. Based on the results of this prioritization, at its first meeting the panel can define the specific aspects of the guideline topic(s) it will develop. The panel should clarify the topic(s) to compare and football be addressed in terms of the parts of a paper, condition and types of form patients for which the guideline is intended, the clinical interventions that will and will not be considered, and the type of provider and practice setting to which the guideline will apply. 3.2 Define Parameters of the parts of a paper pdf, Comprehensive Literature Search. While defining their guideline topic(s), the panel must also define the parameters of the comprehensive literature search by constructing statements or questions to be answered using the literature and by preparing lists of specific topics (e.g., a list of diagnostic tests) to be considered. The panel should also develop general inclusion/exclusion criteria for studies it will or will not consider. Specific criteria include: time period, age groups, languages, geographic areas (e.g., developing countries), animal studies or human studies, type of published material (e.g., peer reviewed publications, dissertations, meeting abstracts, books, patient education materials, laws).
Some exclusion criteria can be handled in the search strategies (e.g., languages). Other exclusion criteria must be applied by dtp resume the panel members as they review the citations retrieved (e.g., case reports involving fewer than 10 subjects). Once the panel reaches consensus on pdf the foci of the guideline, it is recommended that all topics be combined into one broad statement that can be used as the basis for how to a topic paragraph research the comprehensive literature search. Searching a series of parts of a separate statements would result in much duplication among topics in the literature retrieved. Panel members would have to review the same article for more than one question resulting in their being able to review fewer articles overall. 3.3 Determine Sources of Information. The foci of the guideline topic and report form pdf, the timeframe and resources available for completing the guideline should determine the of a term pdf, sources of information. Panel members will be familiar with many literature sources and teaching essay writing, may also refer to NLM's Health Services: Sources of Information for Research 1 . As noted above, experience shows that limiting computerized searches to MEDLARS databases will retrieve upwards of 90 percent of the material needed (see Table 1 following). It is therefore recommended that Literature Searcher(s) access MEDLARS first.
Panel members should identify and discuss other available data sources and select for additional searching those few key databases that most comprehensively cover the topic area. The Literature Searcher(s) should develop search strategies appropriate for each database to be searched. Terminology or keywords must be selected. Since the guideline topics are usually quite complex, search strategies will involve a combination of controlled vocabulary and free-text words or phrases (words appearing in titles or abstracts of articles) to narrow or broaden the scope. The Panel Chair(s) or LRC should consult with the librarian searcher(s) throughout the literature search process to discuss refinements or modification to search strategies. Initial computerized literature searching generally should take approximately two months to complete Figure 1; the timeframe must be set with advice from the Literature Searcher(s). The total time required will depend on the complexity of the subject area and term paper, the comprehensiveness desired. If needed, periodic updates should be planned within the pdf, context of the guideline development schedule. Broad searching of numerous databases is neither needed nor efficient. However, after careful review of comprehensive retrieval, additional, more narrow searches of term pdf targeted databases may be done, if necessary.
In addition, after reviewing the essay, citations from computerized searches, panel members often have suggestions concerning literature not retrieved. This might include documents not published in the open literature, or articles from relatively obscure or new publications that are not routinely indexed or included in computerized abstracting services. When such studies are identified, panel members can usually provide copies from personal files or direct the term paper pdf, LRC to the authors or other sources for obtaining them. It is recommended that the search results be merged into one large master bibliographic database. Further, all literature records should be maintained in the master database throughout the guideline development process. That is, in addition to the retrieval from the initial computerized literature searches, as other references are identified, they should be merged electronically or typed into the master file. Having a master database gives the panel flexibility in its literature review process and aids in efficiently managing the citations throughout the ray bradbury essays, literature review and parts paper pdf, report writing phases. For example, the Literature Review Coordinator might search the master database and create topic-specific subsets of studies for individual panel members or subgroups of panel members to review.
Further, to facilitate managing the literature, panels should develop schemes for coding records in teaching essay the master database. For example, panels may want to of a term paper develop quality scores for report form pdf study design or some other type of weighting criteria and input these into bibliographic records as literature is parts of a paper pdf reviewed. Administrative data (e.g., initials of reviewers, review dates) may also be inserted into master database records and used for dtp resume tracking document review status. Additional codes may be inserted into records to correspond to sections of the guideline or scientific evidence tables in which the parts of a paper, literature will be cited. Such coding is critical for sorting references for guideline publications (see also Step 6 below). As noted above, in addition to developing criteria for determining which studies out of the definition essay, citations retrieved from the comprehensive search they want to obtain for review, the panel should arrange with a local library for document delivery. Typically, this will require the local library to provide one photocopy of each article that is to be reviewed. Of A Term Paper? For items it does not hold, the local library may utilize the resources of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) as well as other resource libraries to which it has access. Again, any literature that is not available through library mechanisms may often be obtained by the Literature Review Coordinator from panel members or their colleagues. In addition to being key to managing the literature review, the master database is the best source for the final bibliography. Water? For example when using ProCite, records in the master database may be coded for parts of a paper pdf specific chapters or sections of the Guideline, the evidence table(s), and the Guideline Report.
In this way, a record is entered in the database once but may be sorted for use in many sections of the guideline publications. Teaching Definition? Since ProCite allows for parts term paper easy exportation of book form records to a word processor, these sorted references may be incorporated into the guideline text and appendices without re-entry or the need for reverification. Regardless of the bibliographic management software used, NLM recommends that panels standardize and edit all references to conform to the style presented in pdf NLM Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citation 2 . NLM no longer provides extensive literature searching and document retrieval to Guideline Development Panels. However, NLM will provide limited support of guideline panels to the extent appropriated resources permit. This may include: Consulting on literature searches; Providing tutorials on book report Grateful Med , ProCite, and DOCLINE; and Providing back-up document delivery service through the parts of a, NN/LM. Guideline panels should contact their AHCPR Panel Manager(s) to ray bradbury essays access such services from NLM's Office of Health Services Research Information. Table 1. Citations in AHCPR-sponsored Guidelines, by Source and Topic.
Source: Cahn, Marjorie A., Selden, Catherine R, Auston, Ione. Of A Paper? Summary report on analysis of AHCPR guideline panel literature. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine; 1992 August. 5 p. Note: 1. Unverified citations are items not found in dtp resume any of the term paper pdf, NLM databases, non-NLM databases, or the NLM collection. These are largely panel-supplied items not available in traditional published sources (e.g., working papers, meeting presentations, or other gray literature) or forthcoming publications.
Cahn, Marjorie A.; Selden, Catherine R.; Auston, Ione. Summary report on dtp resume analysis of AHCPR guideline panel literature. Bethesda (MD): National Library of parts of a term paper pdf Medicine; 1992 Aug. 5 p. National Library of essay water wars Medicine (US). Health Services: sources of information for research. Parts Of A Term Pdf? Bethesda, (MD): NLM; 1992 Aug. Report No.: NLM-PSD-92-01. 201 p. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA: PB92-221175. Patrias, Karen. National Library of Medicine recommended formats for bibliographic citation.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of dtp resume Medicine; 1991. Report No.: NLM-LO-91-01. 248 p. Term Paper Pdf? Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA: PB91-182030. 1. Available from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, (703) 487-4650; publication number PB92-221175. 2. Available from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, (703) 487-4650; publication number PB91-182030.
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united arhitects – great architects. see also:Ibere Camargo in of a term pdf Porto Alegre, Brazil / Alvaro Siza. Portuguese architect Alvaro Siza (Alvaro Joaquim Melo Siza Viera), is one of the best-known Portuguese architects of the teaching definition essay 20th century. Although Alvaro Siza produced numerous projects for term pdf, clients in Portugal (houses, schools, and other instututions), it was not until the 1980s that Alvaro Siza began to recieve recognition through exhibitions and commissions in other European countries. Alvaro Siza’s architecture is definition, strongly rooted in the Modern movement, but incorporates a subjective approach to concept and design, seeking alternative interpretations of of a term modernism. Alvaro Siza has stated, “Architecture is increasingly a problem of use and reference to models… My architecture does not have a pre-established language and does not establish a language.
It is a response to a concrete problem, a situation in transformation in which I participate.” The geographic and climatic contitions of the and contrast essay on basketball place of Alvaro Siza’s architecture are of profound importance to parts of a term pdf this thinking in addition to cultural and social concerns. In Alvaro Siza’s oeuvre sensitivity to essays context does not result in nostalgic historicism or critical regionalism. It is term, rather a unique approach to a universal language transformed to respond to a local situation. Alvaro Siza’s built works strive to integrate conflicting demands and affinities, often embodying poins of essay wars tension that exist in a delicate balance. For Alvaro Siza, a building is a. the same lime autonomous and of a, responsive, unified and diversified.
Alvaro Siza eschews using technology for technology’s sake and employs local materials such as stucco, brick, and stone – all traditional building materials that Alvaro Siza uses to create abstract compositions. Alvaro Siza’s swimming pools (1966) located in ray bradbury Leca de Palmeira, a small town near Porto, were his first projects to receive acclaim outside Portugal. These seaside pools easily make the transition from term paper, man-made concrete to the natural rock formations, creating sublime bathing pools. Compare. The changing rooms are in an unobtrusive pavilion of term pdf concrete with wood roofs that guide the book form pdf visitor through a corridor-like space before opening on paper, to the expansive sea. The Pinto e Sotto Maior Bank (1974) in Oliveira de Azmeis, a small town in northern Portugal, is very representative of dtp resume Alvaro Siza’s early work. This small building does not adopt the formal architectural vocabulary of the place but rather creates a dialogue with its surroundings. The curved, glass facade looks out on to the square, however, creating a formal juxtaposition with the traditional forms of the square. Another bank building, the parts term paper pdf Borges and dtp resume, Irmao Bank (1986) in Vila do Conde, Portugal, takes a similar approach. It is both a separate entity and a participant in the townscape, respecing the paper scale of its surroundings.
From the outside little is revealed of the form pdf character of the parts of a interior. However, the compare on basketball and football space flows because of the of a term pdf visual connection between floors. In 1977 following the revolution in Portugal, the definition local government of Evora commissioned Alvaro Siza to plan a housing project in the rural outskirts of the town. It was to be one of several that Alvaro Siza would do for the national housing association, consisting of 1,200 low-cost, row houses, some one-story and some twostory units, all with courtyards. The layout, of the new section gave order to an area at the periphery of the parts of a paper pdf town while connecting it with existing housing areas. During the 1980s, Alvaro Siza asked to undertake increasingly larger institutional projects, such as the essay water School of Architecture (1992) at Porto University in of a term Porto, the Teachers Training College (1991) at Setubal, and the Centro Galiziano (Museum of Modern Art, 1994) in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, located within the historical city. This Centro Galiziano building fots into book report, a complicated and parts of a term paper, historic site employing concepts of write a topic paragraph research integration and contrast.
The reductive elongated form of the paper pdf museum – produced by two adjacent wings – seeks to create classical order in an area that had suffered decline. The granite exterior contrasts with the stark white interior. Once again, Alvaro Siza has approached the work with sensitivity to context without relinquishing the autonomy and strength of the new construction. Other notable museum projects include the addition to the Serralves Foundation and Museum in teaching essay writing Porto (1999), the renovation and extension to the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (1997), and parts of a term paper, the Manzana del Revellin Cultural Centre in Ceuta, Portugal (1997). Other outstanding, widely published projects of Alvaro Siza’s include die Aveiro University Library a. Aveiro, Portugal (1994); the Vitra factory at Weil-am-Rein, Germany (1994); Schlesisches Tor Apartments at Kreuzberg, Germany (1983); the Portuguese Pavilion at Expo ’98 in Lisbon, Portugal (1998); the write a topic paragraph paper Santa Maria Church in Marco de Canavezes, Portugal (1997). Born in 25 June 1933 in Matosinhos, just north of Porto in Portugal.
Studied architecture at University of Porto, School of Architecture (1949-55). Term Pdf. Opened his own atelier in Porto (1954) and began Alvaro Siza’s career by designing smaller works, mainly residences in the late 1950s-1960s. Book. Collaborated will) Portuguese architect Fernando Tavora (1955-58); began leaching at University of Porto (1966); became full professor (1976-present); has taught and pdf, lectured outside Portugal at Harvard University, the Ecole Poytechniquc of teaching definition writing Lausanne, Switzerland, and Los Andes University of Bogota. Awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize (1992). Swimming pools, Leca de Palmeira, Poriugal, 1966. Alves Santos House, Povoa do Varzim, Portugal, 1969. Pinto e Sotto Maior Bank, Oliveira de Azmeis, Poriugal, 1974. J.M. Teixeira House, Taipas Guimaraes, Portugal, 1980.
Borges and Irmao Hank, Vila do Conde, Portugal, 1986. “Joao de Deus” Kindergarten, Penafiel, Portugal, 1988. Residential complex Schilderswijk West, The Hague. Netherlands, 1988. School of Architecture, Porto University in Porto, 1992. Teachers Training College, Setubal, Portugal, 1991. Vitra Factory, Weil-am-Rein, Germany, 1994. Centro Galiziano (Museum of Modern Art), Santiago de Compostela, Spain 1994. Manzana del Revellin Cultural Centre, Ceuta, Portugal, 1997. Architect’s Office, Porto, 1998. Boavista Residential Complex, Porto, 1998.
Serrakves Museum and Foundation, Porto, 1999. 1. Alvaro Siza 1954-1988. 2. A+U Extra Edition Tokyo: A+U, (June 1989). 3. Angelillo, Antonio (editor), Alvaro Siza: Writings on parts of a term paper, Architecture, Milan Skira, 1997. 4. Dos Santos, Jose Paolo, (editors). Alvaro Siza: Works and Projects, 1954-1992, 5. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, 1994 Fleck Brigitte, Alvaro Siza, Basel and Boston: Birkhauser, 1992.
6. Frampton Kenneth, Alvaro Siza: Tutte le Opere, Milan Electa, 1999. 7. Jodidio Philip, Alvaro Siza (Architecture Design Series), Koln and London, Taschen, 1999. 8. De Llano, Pedro and Carlos Castanheira, Alvaro Siza, Madrid, Sociedad Editorial Electa Espana, 1995. 9. Book Report. Siza, Alvaro, Alvaro Siza, Arquiucto: Centro de Art Contemporanea de Galicia, Galicia, Spain, Xunta de Galicia, 1993. 10. Term Pdf. Testa Peter, The Architecture of Alvaro Siza, Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T., 1984. 11. Testa, Peter, Alvaro Siza, Basel and Boston, Birkhauser, 1996.
12. Wang, Wilfired, et al., Alvaro Siza, City Sketches, Basel and Boston, Birkhauser, 1994. Alvaro SIZA VIEIRA. I am not sure whether the dtp resume work of Alvaro Siza has ever received the attention it deserves in Portugal. This reticence on the part of national critics is perhaps due to the sheer difficulty of the undertaking, a veritable challenge in itself. Of A Term Paper. It may also be that the compare essay on basketball and football fairly sparse ranks of Portuguese critics were and are still not prepared to parts of a term pdf handle such a task.
My aim here is certainly not to correct these shortcomings, but rather to set down a few thoughts of my own that provide what I consider to be a necessary interpretation of Siza’s work. Having had the opportunity to follow the career of Siza Vieira very closely – I recall excursions to see his first works when we were all still at the Beaux Arts – has been a particularly gratifying experience for me (although I must confess that this was perhaps tinged with a certain natural envy) and gratifying for dtp resume, a whole generation of of a term architects. The latter, certainly with more involvement than I, have witnessed the form pdf development of an architect whose works over the years have proven to be amongst the most coherent and complete of all architectural works this century. This point of view should be made clear from the outset so as to avoid any ambiguity regarding what I think and say or may say further on. This coherence, which I believe is evident, is pdf, not based on self-proclamation or stylistic repetition: it lies in the progressive evolution of the act of designing. Write Research. Siza’s work is thus immediately recognisable, no matter where we find it. For this very reason, it is easy to detect fakes, easy to spot imitations by those who think they understand Siza, copying his gestures, repeating his “way of doing things”.
It should be pointed out that the permanent quality that characterises the work of Siza Vieira cannot be achieved by mere capriciousness of form, however elegant this may be. And if there are architects that can be called elegant, Siza Vieira is one of parts of a term paper them. This elegance, however, is ray bradbury essays, not the same type of elegance that characterises a beautiful outfit in a fashion show, but rather the parts of a term pdf kind of a topic paper elegance that mathematicians find in a correct mathematical formula. The elegance is inner, not exterior, its seduction lying in the fact that it is parts term pdf, truly structural. Book. For this reason it cannot be achieved with simple strokes of intuition, however brilliant these may be, but rather through the lucid exercise of critical intelligence.
This needs mentioning since one of the shrewdest ways of removing someone from competition, disquieting affairs that they are, is to proclaim that person’s genius, his quasi enlightenment, thereby putting him on some kind of pedestal. Parts Of A. This strategic, intellectual counter-attack, which seems to work for more naive and unwary souls, should be avoided. I have on various occasions stressed what I consider to dtp resume be Alvaro Siza’s greatest contribution to Portuguese architecture in general, apart from the obvious quality of his work. Perhaps I am mistaken, but I should like to emphasise once more his ability to re-create history – our history – to parts of a paper pdf revive it, freeing Portuguese architecture from water wars, a complex with no critical sense to it which has dragged on for generations. And this was done inevitably – returning to the previous point – in the manner of a cultural conquest, certainly intuitive, yet discursive also.
I am reminded of a phrase by Antonio Sergio that I once quoted in term respect of Raul Lino: “…I beseech my compatriots to rid themselves of this division of humankind into two completely distinct, incompatible, incommunicable, pure classes, to wit: Emotional and Intellectual, Sensitive men, Intelligent men.” Alvaro Siza is compare, a fine example of this: acute sensitivity, acute intelligence. Siza has frequently been linked to Minimalism, as if he were in parts of a fact a Minimalist architect. I do not think so. This strikes me as a rather superficial idea. Siza is dtp resume, not – not even labelling someone, whatever that label may be, has ever posed such a problem – an architect that at the merely formal level of parts of a term pdf architectural understanding can be defined and labelled… Nevertheless, I suppose that if you have to mention an a topic paragraph for a paper artistic attitude that does seem to fit him, if the subliminal structure of his work is in keeping with a particular movement, then that is the expressionism that is latent in his work. And I believe that expressionist roots are revealed in all his works, precisely because this expressionism is revealed at a deeper level in the formal structures. More immediately patent in the forms of the Tea House, more elaborate and subterranean in the Setubal College or the Santiago Museum, expressionist underlies his work.
In these last two examples, this attitude defines not so much the term concrete forms, the formal forms, but rather the quality of the light and the way in which it is teaching writing, manipulated. Here, Alvaro Siza gets to the bottom of the very arguments that shape architecture. One need merely analyse his projects from this point of view to find the common thread running through them: light that has nothing cold about it, abstract light that is parts of a, purely rationalist. I recall many years ago drawing attention to the quality of the light in the Leca swimming pool. Today I would say that the quality and essay water wars, control of light are a constant in his work. The markedly plastic tactile light – not passive light, in the sense that it provides a service (the light that illuminates the “simple volumes” of a Le Corbusier) but light dealt with as an expressive object – remains, perhaps, the very stuff of paper pdf architecture.
And in Siza it is conceived as being rooted in expressionism. Perhaps the essay wars Chiado experience, the parts term contact with windows and the thickness of the walls, will result in compare and contrast essay on basketball and football a certain hardening of light. By this I do not mean a loss of quality, but rather an alteration to parts of a term paper pdf this quality. Another characteristic of Siza’s works is the permanent absence of inflated rhetoric. On Basketball. One of the reasons for paper pdf, this – there are others – is the scale he always introduces, regardless of the size of the project. Without wanting to go into the subject in too much detail, it is interesting to note how there has always been an attempt to incorporate a German influence into Portuguese architecture. It seems to essays me that the Austrian influence is far greater than the German, and that control of parts of a scale is one of the aspects of this influence, on the one hand patent and on the other long-lasting. In Siza’s case (which is just one of the dtp resume cases in which it is noticeable) the influence is a recollection that has been absorbed in refined style, but it is present nonetheless. I believe that this precision of scale is contributed to by the subtle understanding of the of a paper pdf surroundings, and the recent project for and contrast on basketball and football, the Faculty of Architecture in Oporto, in which he rejects a large-scale solution, seems to me to be a fine example of this.
Unlike a certain consensus that seems to have been established around his work, I find the effective participation of the population in solving their problems to of a term paper be of only relative importance. Firstly, because I think that this participation is extremely ambiguous, and is in urgent need of re-evaluation. Secondly, because Siza certainly does not need such a social pseudo-crutch to lean on. As far as I’m concerned, this participation is nothing more than – in Siza’s and not only Siza’s case – a pious myth, only aggravated here by the importance that is given it. It’s worth looking at and briefly commenting on an article by how to, Hans van Dijk, who dedicated part of an essay on the work of Siza to this very topic after gathering together various bits and pieces of information, including numerous interviews with Siza himself. Van Dijk states that Siza believes that participation leads to conflict and that (and here he is not concurring with the above statement) the absence of parts term paper pdf conflict can only water wars, signify insufficient or even non-existent participation. Accepting for now, then, that participation implies conflict and that the absence of of a conflict thus denotes the absence of compare and football participation, this does not necessarily mean that conflict implies participation. In other words, conflict may be a necessary condition for parts of a pdf, participation, but is not sufficient on its own.
Van Dijk points out, however, with reference to an occasion on which there was a certain negative reaction from the population, that this was based on “class arrogance, populism, misunderstanding of the context and essays, excessive romanticism and parts of a paper, nostalgia for the past.” Even when the population’s point of view coincided with that of the definition essay project, it was “full of contradictions” and their points of reference were based on misrepresentative television pictures. Notice that no argument or reasons on the part of the population are presented here, since these have never been made known. Throughout Van Dijk’s description, the whole affair seems almost artificially created, with one of the sides getting caught up in personal arguments that have little or no sense to them. I do not believe in of a paper pdf the method of participation. More importantly, I do not believe that the architecture of Alvaro Siza is in dtp resume need of it. What does count at the critical level, however, is that the preoccupation with this aspect (misleading, as far as I’m concerned) of his work conceals a need to confer a social worth on Siza, as if this were lacking. The work of Alvaro Siza has poetic worth in itself, displays inventiveness, formal reliability, theoretical richness and a prodigious linguistic assurance, with nothing to be gained by attributing marginal validation values to it, which merely bear witness to the mental frameworks we were forced to of a term develop in dtp resume decades that have thankfully gone by. Perhaps these observations have not been as explicit as they should have been, but they do sum up my beliefs.
I believe that only through a mutual effort, a continual exercise of of a paper lucidity, which Siza’s work prepares us for, will we be able to put it into its proper critical perspective. Pedro Vieira de Almeida, July 1995. Please contact the autor for suggestions or further informations: [email protected] Table of on basketball and football content “united architects – great architects” MORE INFORMATION ON MY OTHER SITES:
architecture, literature, essays, philosophy, biographies. Surprised to find out that there are still a few who think otherwise. For that, in the majority of parts term paper cases people are coasting along hoping for the best but with no thought of dtp resume ever making a stand.
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3 Ways To Emphasize Your ROI On Your Resume. #1 Thing Recruiters Want You To Know About Getting A Job AppDynamics. Paper. How To Land A Job At Northside Hospital. 3 Tips For Getting A Job At Medidata Solutions. The Secret To Networking When You Don#039;t Have Any Time. 3 Ways Emotionally Intelligent Leaders Make The Most Of Online Collaboration. Creating your resume, but stumped for ideas beyond your job titles, places of employment, tasks, and education? Getting employers to teaching definition essay pick up the parts pdf, phone requires a much stronger brand message! If you haven’t focused on your ROI – the benefit companies get when hiring you – your search can go on indefinitely.
You might believe that recruiters or HR managers will “get” this message from reading about your past jobs or span of authority – but guess what? With plenty of water wars resumes to review, most hiring authorities won’t take the time to connect the parts of a pdf, dots in your background. Therefore, if you’ve made a significant difference at past employers, but your resume doesn’t provide this evidence, you’ll lose your shot at winning an interview (while employers hire your competition instead). Compare And Football. 3 Ways To Emphasize Your ROI On Your Resume. Consider adding these quantifiable measures of your performance to your resume: Do you wear many hats at your current job? Employees who can perform more than one job simultaneously are often credited with generating increases in the bottom line. On your resume, you’ll be able to show the parts of a pdf, savings gained by helping your employer avoid the need to hire or train an write a topic for a research additional staff member, as in these examples: Cut 34% from training budget by assuming new project leadership role for Global Standards initiative. Eliminated need to hire new team members by performing dual roles in operations and sales, with estimated $80K annual savings.
ROI can also be demonstrated by comparing your work to others on your team, or to a predecessor who held the same role prior to your tenure. You may be more efficient or better able to understand customer needs – saving your employer additional effort (such as multiple sales calls or additional work on technical problems) – than your counterparts. If so, put this savings into a dollar figure by calculating the cost of rework for use on your resume. Will anything get an employer’s attention faster than telling them you’ll bring sizeable profits? Not likely. However, unless you’re in a sales role (or another revenue-specific job), you might find this exercise difficult.
After all, how does a project manager or operations director make money for parts term, the company? The secret to pulling out compare a revenue or profit figure (when your job isn’t tied directly to money) is to look higher in the company for parts of a paper, the impact of how to write a topic paragraph for a paper your work. This means taking into account the parts paper, value of the project to your employer (a new service line that will create revenue opportunities), or the impact of the new equipment you implemented (improving production and dtp resume, fulfilling more orders). As in this example of parts term pdf a resume statement, your work as part of a larger effort can be conveyed in the impact of the entire project: Played key role in $23M project slated to book report pdf improve operational efficiency, with 45% reduction in call center hold times and expected $7M annual savings. Pdf. If your job involves technology, consider the monetary value of the improvements gained with a new solution you implemented. Once you put the emphasis on form pdf, your work at parts term paper a company or department level, the revenue or profit equation can make sense. Of course, you’ll need to share the credit for dtp resume, creating more $$$ with your team or colleagues, but it’s an important measure of of a your benefit to a new employer.
Cost savings are a high-priority area for a topic paragraph for a, many companies, especially those in industries directly affected by the economic downturn. Of course, showing your impact on expenses is easy if you’re the one negotiating new vendor contracts or preparing a budget. Parts Term. Even if your responsibilities don’t seem related to costs, think about your ability to produce work faster or with less resources – then add the costs associated with this acceleration into your resume. For example, an dtp resume office manager who arranges shifts to term pdf cover the essays, phone (without hiring an parts of a term paper pdf additional employee) is directly saving significant payroll and training costs. Teaching Definition Essay Writing. An IT Director might be able to point out the of a paper, projects completed in less time due to a newly acquired software tool, with related opportunity costs allowing the team to take on other projects. These examples show different ways to state cost savings on book report form pdf, your resume: Saved division nearly $700K with switch to Agile Development methodology and training for parts, 3 team members. Reduced marketing spend $35K by learning social media techniques instrumental in promoting company services. Essay Wars. Perhaps you’ve monitored expenses within your team, and figured out ways to generate the parts term paper, same amount of revenue with less overhead. These figures can be estimated, or specified in percentages of savings, to show your impact on costs. The bottom line? Your employment automatically comes at a cost to your employer.
If you can demonstrate a substantial ROI over the expense of water hiring you, companies will be eager to bring you on board – even with a raise in salary – despite a competitive job market. This post was originally published at term pdf an earlier date. Laura Smith-Proulx, Executive Director of teaching definition essay writing An Expert Resume, is of a pdf a resume industry leader, 13-time global TORI resume award winner, LinkedIn expert, author, personal brand strategist, and former recruiter with 20+ years of experience winning choice jobs for executives and rising leaders. Disclosure: This post is sponsored by a CAREEREALISM-approved expert. You can learn more about expert posts here .
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cisco resume command The Cisco IOS command-line interface (CLI) is the primary user interface used for configuring, monitoring, and parts paper pdf, maintaining Cisco devices. This user interface allows you to teaching essay directly and simply execute Cisco IOS commands, whether using a router console or terminal, or using remote access methods. This chapter describes the basic features of the Cisco IOS CLI and how to of a term use them. Topics covered include an introduction to Cisco IOS command modes, navigation and editing features, help features, and command history features. Additional user interfaces include Setup mode (used for first-time startup), the write paragraph for a, Cisco Web Browser, and user menus configured by a system administrator.
For information about Setup mode, see the Using AutoInstall and Setup chapter of of a term this book. For information on issuing commands using the Cisco Web Browser, see the Using the write a topic for a research, Cisco Web Browser User Interface chapter of this book. For information on user menus, see the Managing Connections, Menus, and System Banners chapter of this book. For a complete description of the user interface commands in this chapter, refer to the Basic Command-Line Interface Commands chapter of the Release 12.2 Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference . To locate documentation of parts term paper pdf other commands that appear in this chapter, use the dtp resume, Cisco IOS Command Reference Master Index or search online. This chapter contains the following sections: Cisco IOS CLI Command Modes Overview. To aid in the configuration of Cisco devices, the Cisco IOS command-line interface is divided into term pdf different command modes. Each command mode has its own set of paragraph for a research commands available for the configuration, maintenance, and monitoring of parts pdf router and network operations. The commands available to you at any given time depend on the mode you are in. Ray Bradbury Essays! Entering a question mark ( ? ) at the system prompt (router prompt) allows you to obtain a list of commands available for term paper pdf each command mode.
The use of specific commands allows you to navigate from one command mode to another. The standard order that a user would access the dtp resume, modes is parts of a pdf as follows: user EXEC mode; privileged EXEC mode; global configuration mode; specific configuration modes; configuration submodes; and configuration subsubmodes. When you start a session on a router, you generally begin in compare and contrast on basketball user EXEC mode , which is of a paper pdf one of two access levels of the EXEC mode. For security purposes, only a limited subset of EXEC commands are available in user EXEC mode. Definition! This level of access is reserved for tasks that do not change the configuration of the router, such as determining the router status. In order to parts of a paper have access to all commands, you must enter privileged EXEC mode , which is the second level of access for the EXEC mode. Normally, you must enter a password to ray bradbury enter privileged EXEC mode. In privileged EXEC mode, you can enter any EXEC command, as the privileged EXEC mode is a superset of the user EXEC mode commands. Most EXEC mode commands are one-time commands, such as show or more commands, which show the current configuration status, and clear commands, which clear counters or interfaces. Parts Of A Term Pdf! EXEC mode commands are not saved across reboots of the router.
From privileged EXEC mode, you can enter global configuration mode . In this mode, you can enter commands that configure general system characteristics. You also can use global configuration mode to enter specific configuration modes. Configuration modes, including global configuration mode, allow you to make changes to essay water wars the running configuration. If you later save the of a pdf, configuration, these commands are stored across router reboots. From global configuration mode you can enter a variety of writing protocol-specific or feature-specific configuration modes. The CLI hierarchy requires that you enter these specific configuration modes only through global configuration mode.
As an example, this chapter describes interface configuration mode , a commonly used configuration mode. From configuration modes, you can enter configuration submodes. Parts Of A Pdf! Configuration submodes are used for the configuration of specific features within the scope of dtp resume a given configuration mode. As an example, this chapter describes the of a term paper, subinterface configuration mode , a submode of the book report form, interface configuration mode. ROM monitor mode is a separate mode used when the parts term paper, router cannot boot properly. If your system (router, switch, or access server) does not find a valid system image to load when it is booting, the system will enter ROM monitor mode. ROM monitor (ROMMON) mode can also be accessed by interrupting the essays, boot sequence during startup. The following sections contain detailed information on these command modes: Table 3 follows these sections and summarizes the main Cisco IOS command modes. Logging in to the router places you in user EXEC command mode (unless the system is configured to take you immediately to parts term paper privileged EXEC mode). Book Pdf! Typically, log-in will require a user name and a password.
You may try three times to enter a password before the connection attempt is refused. Note For information on setting the password, see the Configuring Passwords and Privileges chapter in the Release 12.2 Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide and the Using AutoInstall and Setup chapter in this document . The EXEC commands available at the user level are a subset of those available at the privileged level. Parts Of A Term Paper! In general, the user EXEC commands allow you to connect to remote devices, change terminal line settings on essays a temporary basis, perform basic tests, and list system information. To list the available user EXEC commands, use the following command: Lists the user EXEC commands. The user EXEC mode prompt consists of the host name of the device followed by an angle bracket (), as shown in paper the following example: The default host name is generally Router, unless it has been changed during initial configuration using the setup EXEC command. You also change the how to a topic research paper, host name using the hostname global configuration command. Note Examples in Cisco IOS documentation assume the of a term paper pdf, use of the ray bradbury, default name of Router.
Different devices (for example, access servers) may use a different default name. If the routing device (router, access server, or switch) has been named with the hostname command, that name will appear as the parts term paper, prompt instead of the default name. To list the commands available in user EXEC mode, enter a question mark ( ? ) as shown in essay wars the following example: The list of commands will vary depending on parts the software feature set and essay, router platform you are using. Note You can enter commands in uppercase, lowercase, or mixed case. Term Paper Pdf! Only passwords are case sensitive. However, Cisco IOS documentation convention is to always present commands in lowercase. Because many privileged EXEC mode commands set operating parameters, privileged-level access should be password protected to prevent unauthorized use.
The privileged EXEC command set includes those commands contained in user EXEC mode. Privilege EXEC mode also provides access to essay configuration modes through the parts pdf, configure command, and includes advanced testing commands, such as debug . The privileged EXEC mode prompt consists of the host name of the device followed by a pound sign (#), as shown in essay water wars the following example: To access privileged EXEC mode, use the following command: Enables privileged EXEC mode. After issuing the enable command, the system will prompt you for a password. Note that privileged EXEC mode is sometimes referred to as enable mode, because the enable command is parts of a paper pdf used to enter the mode. If a password has been configured on the system, you will be prompted to enter it before being allowed access to privileged EXEC mode. The password is water wars not displayed on the screen and is case sensitive. Parts Paper Pdf! If an enable password has not been set, privileged EXEC mode can be accessed only from the router console (terminal connected to the console port).
The system administrator uses the enable secret or enable password global configuration commands to set the password that restricts access to privileged mode. For information on setting the essays, passwords, see the Configuring Passwords and Privileges chapter in the Release 12.2 Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide. To return to user EXEC mode, use the following command: Exits from privileged EXEC mode to user EXEC mode. The following example shows the parts of a term pdf, process of accessing privileged EXEC mode: Note that the password will not be displayed as you type, but is shown here for illustrational purposes.To list the commands available in essay on basketball privileged EXEC mode, issue the of a paper pdf, ? command at the prompt. From privileged EXEC mode you can access global configuration mode, which is described in the following section. Note Because the privileged EXEC command set contains all of the commands available in user EXEC mode, some commands can be entered in either mode. In Cisco IOS documentation, commands that can be entered in either user EXEC mode or privileged EXEC mode are referred to as EXEC mode commands. If user or privileged is essay water wars not specified in the documentation, assume that you can enter the referenced commands in either mode.
The term global is used to indicate characteristics or features that affect the parts term, system as a whole. Global configuration mode is used to configure your system globally, or to enter specific configuration modes to configure specific elements such as interfaces or protocols. Use the configure terminal privileged EXEC command to enter global configuration mode. To access global configuration mode, use the following command in privileged EXEC mode: Router# configure terminal. From privileged EXEC mode, enters global configuration mode. The following example shows the book form pdf, process of entering global configuration mode from privileged EXEC mode: Note that the system prompt changes to indicate that you are now in global configuration mode. Parts Of A Term Paper! The prompt for global configuration mode consists of the definition writing, host-name of the device followed by (config) and the pound sign ( # ). To list the commands available in privileged EXEC mode, issue the ? command at the prompt. Commands entered in global configuration mode update the running configuration file as soon as they are entered. In other words, changes to the configuration take effect each time you press the parts of a paper, Enter or Return key at the end of a valid command.
However, these changes are not saved into report form pdf the startup configuration file until you issue the parts of a paper pdf, copy running-config startup-config EXEC mode command. This behavior is and contrast on basketball and football explained in more detail later in this document. As shown in the example above, the system dialogue prompts you to end your configuration session (exit configuration mode) by pressing the Control (Ctrl) and z keys simultaneously; when you press these keys, ^Z is printed to the screen. You can actually end your configuration session by entering the Ctrl-Z key combination, using the end command, using the parts term paper pdf, Ctrl-C key combination. The end command is the recommended way to indicate to ray bradbury the system that you are done with the current configuration session. Warning If you use Ctrl-Z at parts the end of a command line in which a valid command has been typed, that command will be added to the running configuration file.
In other words, using Ctrl-Z is equivalent to hitting the Enter (Carriage Return) key before exiting. For this reason, it is safer to end your configuration session using the and football, end command. Alternatively, you can use the paper pdf, Ctrl-C key combination to dtp resume end your configuration session without sending a Carriage Return signal. You can also use the exit command to return from global configuration mode to EXEC mode, but this only works in global configuration mode. Pressing Ctrl-Z or entering the term, end command will always take you back to EXEC mode regardless of which configuration mode or configuration submode you are in.
To exit global configuration command mode and return to privileged EXEC mode, use one of the following commands: Ends the current configuration session and returns to privileged EXEC mode. Exits the current command mode and returns to the preceding mode. Definition Writing! For example, exits from global configuration mode to privileged EXEC mode. From global configuration mode, you can enter a number of parts term protocol-specific, platform-specific, and feature-specific configuration modes.
For a complete list of configuration modes, see the Cisco IOS Command Modes appendix in this book. This appendix provides references to the appropriate documentation module for information about specific configuration modes. Interface configuration mode, described in the following section, is an example of book form pdf a configuration mode you can enter from parts paper global configuration mode. One example of a specific configuration mode you enter from essay wars global configuration mode is interface configuration mode. Many features are enabled on a per-interface basis. Interface configuration commands modify the parts term, operation of an interface such as an essay Ethernet, FDDI, or serial port. Interface configuration commands always follow an interface global configuration command, which defines the interface type.
For details on interface configuration commands that affect general interface parameters, such as bandwidth or clock rate, refer to the Release 12.2 Cisco IOS Interface Configuration Guide . For protocol-specific commands, refer to the appropriate Cisco IOS software command reference. To access and list the interface configuration commands, use the following command: Router(config)# interface type number. Specifies the interface to be configured, and enters interface configuration mode. In the following example, the user enter interface configuration mode for serial interface 0. Term Pdf! The new prompt, hostname (config-if)#, indicates interface configuration mode. To exit interface configuration mode and teaching definition, return to global configuration mode, enter the exit command. Configuration submodes are configuration modes entered from other configuration modes (besides global configuration mode). Configuration submodes are for the configuration of specific elements within the configuration mode. For a complete list of configuration submodes, see the Cisco IOS Command Modes appendix in this book. Parts Of A Term Paper Pdf! One example of a configuration submode is subinterface configuration mode, described in the following section.
From interface configuration mode, you can enter subinterface configuration mode. Subinterface configuration mode is definition writing a submode of interface configuration mode. In subinterface configuration mode you can configure multiple virtual interfaces (called subinterfaces) on a single physical interface. Subinterfaces appear to be distinct physical interfaces to the various protocols. For example, Frame Relay networks provide multiple point-to-point links called permanent virtual circuits (PVCs). Parts Of A Term! PVCs can be grouped under separate subinterfaces that in turn are configured on a single physical interface. From a bridging spanning-tree viewpoint, each subinterface is a separate bridge port, and essay wars, a frame arriving on one subinterface can be sent out on another subinterface. Subinterfaces also allow multiple encapsulations for a protocol on a single interface. For example, a router or access server can receive an ARPA-framed IPX packet and parts of a, forward the packet back out the same physical interface as a SNAP-framed IPX packet. For detailed information on how to configure subinterfaces, refer to the appropriate documentation module for a specific protocol in the Cisco IOS software documentation set. To access subinterface configuration mode, use the following command in interface configuration mode:
Specifies the book report pdf, virtual interface to be configured and enters subinterface configuration mode. In the following example, a subinterface is configured for of a term paper pdf serial line 2, which is configured for Frame Relay encapsulation. The subinterface is pdf identified as 2.1 to indicate that it is subinterface 1 of serial interface 2. The new prompt hostname (config-subif)# indicates subinterface configuration mode. Parts! The subinterface can be configured to support one or more Frame Relay PVCs. To exit subinterface configuration mode and return to interface configuration mode, use the essays, exit command. To end your configuration session and return to privileged EXEC mode, press Ctrl-Z or enter the term paper pdf, end command. ROM monitor mode (ROMMON) runs from a specialized software image, and is used to manually locate a valid system software image from which to boot the system (ROM monitor mode is also sometimes called boot mode). If your system (router, switch, or access server) does not find a valid system image to load, the system will enter ROM monitor mode. Dtp Resume! ROM monitor mode can also be accessed by interrupting the boot sequence during startup.
From ROM monitor mode, you can boot the device or perform diagnostic tests. On most systems you can enter ROM monitor mode by entering the reload EXEC command and parts of a pdf, then issuing the Break command during the first 60 seconds of startup. The Break command is issued by definition essay pressing the Break key on your keyboard or by using the Break key-combination (the default Break key-combination is Ctrl-C). Note You must have a console connection to the router to perform this procedure, as Telnet connections will be lost when the system reboots. To access ROM monitor mode from EXEC mode, perform the following steps: Step 1 Enter the reload command in EXEC mode. Parts Of A Paper Pdf! After issuing this command and book pdf, responding to the system prompts as necessary, the parts term paper pdf, system will begin reloading the system software image. Step 2 Issue the Break command during the first 60 seconds of system startup. Book Form Pdf! The break command is issued using the Break key or Break key-combination. (The default Break key combination is Ctrl-C, but this may be configured differently on your system.) Issuing the break command interrups the boot sequence and brings you into ROM monitor mode. Another method for entering ROM monitor mode is to set the configuration register so that the router automatically enters ROM monitor mode when it boots.
For information about setting the configuration register value, see the Rebooting chapter in this book. ROM monitor mode uses an angle bracket () as the command line prompt. On some Cisco devices the default ROM monitor prompt is rommon . A list of ROM monitor commands is displayed when you enter the ? command or help command. The following example shows how this list of commands may appear: The list of available commands will vary depending on of a paper the software image and platform you are using. Some versions of ROMMON will display a list of commands in a pre-aliased format such as the following: To exit ROM monitor mode, use the continue command or C command alias; this will restart the booting process. For more information on ROM monitor mode characteristics (including using aliases for essay and football commands) and using ROM monitor mode, see the Rebooting chapter in this document.
Summary of Main Cisco IOS Command Modes. Table 3 summarizes the main command modes used in the Cisco IOS CLI. For a complete list of parts of a paper pdf configuration modes, see the Cisco IOS Command Modes appendix in this book. Table 3 Summary of the Main Cisco IOS Command Modes. Use the logout command. From user EXEC mode, use the enable EXEC command. To exit to user EXEC mode, use the disable command. To enter global configuration mode, use the configure terminal privileged EXEC command. From privileged EXEC mode, use the configure terminal privileged EXEC command. To exit to ray bradbury essays privileged EXEC mode, use the end command or press Ctrl-Z . To enter interface configuration mode, use the interface configuration command. From global configuration mode, enter by specifying an interface with an pdf interface command.
To exit to global configuration mode, use the exit command. To exit to water wars privileged EXEC mode, use the end command or press Ctrl-Z . To enter subinterface configuration mode, specify a subinterface with the interface command. From interface configuration mode, specify a subinterface with an term paper interface command. (The availability of definition essay writing this mode is of a term paper dependent on for a paper your platform.) To exit to global configuration mode, use the of a, exit command. To exit to privileged EXEC mode, use the essay writing, end command or press Ctrl-Z . From privileged EXEC mode, use the reload EXEC command. Press the Break key during the parts of a term paper, first 60 seconds while the system is booting. If you entered ROM monitor mode by interrupting the loading process, you can exit ROM monitor and resume loading by using the continue command or the C command alias. To familiarize yourself with the report form, features of the of a paper pdf, Cisco IOS CLI, perform any of the dtp resume, tasks described in term paper the following sections: Entering a question mark ( ? ) at the system prompt displays a list of commands available for definition writing each command mode.
You also can get a list of the parts term pdf, arguments and keywords available for any command with the context-sensitive help feature. To get help specific to a command mode, a command name, a keyword, or an argument, use any of the following commands: Displays a brief description of the help system. Lists commands in wars the current mode that begin with a particular character string. Completes a partial command name. Lists all commands available in the command mode. Lists the available syntax options (arguments and keywords) for the command. Lists the next available syntax option for the command. Note that the system prompt will vary depending on which configuration mode you are in.
When using context-sensitive help, the space (or lack of a space) before the question mark ( ? ) is significant. To obtain a list of parts of a pdf commands that begin with a particular character sequence, type in those characters followed immediately by the question mark ( ? ). Do not include a space. This form of help is called word help, because it completes a word for you. Teaching Definition Writing! For more information, see the Completing a Partial Command Name section later in this chapter. To list keywords or arguments, enter a question mark ( ? ) in parts term paper place of a keyword or argument. Include a space before the compare and contrast on basketball, ? . This form of parts of a term help is book form called command syntax help, because it shows you which keywords or arguments are available based on term paper the command, keywords, and ray bradbury, arguments you already have entered. You can abbreviate commands and keywords to the number of characters that allow a unique abbreviation. For example, you can abbreviate the configure terminal command to config t . Because the abbreviated form of the of a term pdf, command is unique, the router will accept the dtp resume, abbreviated form and execute the command.
Entering the help command (available in parts of a paper pdf any command mode) will provide the dtp resume, following description of the help system: As described in the help command output, you can use the of a term pdf, question mark ( ? ) to complete a partial command name (partial help), or to obtain a list of arguments or keywords that will complete the writing, current command. The following example illustrates how the context-sensitive help feature enables you to term paper pdf create an access list from teaching definition configuration mode. Enter the term, letters co at teaching definition the system prompt followed by a question mark ( ? ). Do not leave a space between the term paper pdf, last letter and the question mark. The system provides the commands that begin with co . Enter the configure command followed by a space and a question mark to list the keywords for the command and a brief explanation: The cr symbol (cr stands for carriage return) appears in the list to indicate that one of your options is to press the Return or Enter key to execute the command, without adding any additional keywords. In this example, the output indicates that your options for the configure command are configure memory (configure from teaching definition essay NVRAM), configure network (configure from a file on the network), configure overwrite-network (configure from a file on the network and replace the file in of a term paper NVRAM), or configure terminal (configure manually from the terminal connection). For most commands, the cr symbol is used to definition essay writing indicate that you can execute the command with the parts of a paper pdf, syntax you have already entered. However, the configure command is write paragraph for a a special case, as the CLI will prompt you for the missing syntax: The default response for the ? prompt is indicated in the CLI output by of a paper pdf a bracketed option at the end of the line.
In the ray bradbury essays, preceding example, pressing the Enter (or Return) key is equivalent to typing in the word terminal. To skip the prompting, enter the configure terminal command to enter global configuration mode: The CLI provides error isolation in the form of an error indicator, a caret symbol (^). The ^ symbol appears at the point in the command string where the user has entered incorrect or unrecognized command syntax. For example, the caret symbol in the following output shows the letter that was mistyped in the command: Note that an error message (indicated by the % symbol) is printed to the screen to alert you to the error marker.
Enter the access-list command followed by a space and a question mark to list the available options for the command: The two numbers within the angle brackets represent an inclusive range. Enter the access list number 99 and then enter another question mark to parts of a pdf see the arguments that apply to the keyword and how to write a topic for a research paper, brief explanations: Enter the deny argument followed by a question mark ( ? ) to list additional options: Generally, uppercase letters represent variables (arguments). Enter the IP address followed by parts of a a question mark ( ? ) to list additional options: In this output, A.B.C.D indicates that use of a wildcard mask is allowed. The wildcard mask is a method for compare essay matching IP addresses or ranges of IP addresses. Paper Pdf! For example, a wildcard mask of compare 0.0.0.255 matches any number in parts term paper pdf the range from dtp resume 0 to 255 that appears in the fourth octet of an IP address.
Enter the wildcard mask followed by a question mark ( ? ) to list further options. The cr symbol by itself indicates there are no more keywords or arguments. Of A Term Paper Pdf! Press Enter (or Return) to execute the command. The system adds an entry to access list 99 that denies access to book report form all hosts on subnet 172.31.134.0, while ignoring bits for IP addresses that end in 0 to 255. Displaying All User EXEC Commands. To configure the current session to display the full set of user EXEC commands, use the following command in EXEC mode (user EXEC or privileged EXEC):
Router# terminal full-help. Configures this session to term pdf provide help for the full set of user-level commands. The system administrator can also configure the system to always display full help for connections made to a particular line using the full-help line configuration command. The full-help and terminal full-help commands enable the displaying of all help messages available in write a topic paragraph for a research paper user EXEC mode when the show ? command is executed. The following example is output for parts of a pdf the show ? command with terminal full-help disabled and then enabled: Using the no and teaching writing, default Forms of Commands. Almost every configuration command has a no form. In general, use the no form to parts of a paper disable a feature or function. Use the command without the no keyword to reenable a disabled feature or to enable a feature that is disabled by default. Book Report Form Pdf! For example, IP routing is enabled by default. Parts Paper Pdf! To disable IP routing, use the no ip routing form of the ip routing command.
To reenable it, use the plain ip routing form. Dtp Resume! The Cisco IOS software command reference publications describe the parts of a, function of the no form of the command whenever a no form is available. Many CLI commands also have a default form. By issuing the command default command-name , you can configure the command to its default setting. The Cisco IOS software command reference publications describe the function of the default form of the command when the default form performs a different function than the plain and no forms of the form, command. To see what default commands are available on your system, enter default ? in the appropriate command mode. The Cisco IOS CLI provides a history or record of commands that you have entered. This feature is particularly useful for parts of a term pdf recalling long or complex commands or entries, including access lists. To use the command history feature, perform any of the ray bradbury, tasks described in the following sections: Setting the Command History Buffer Size.
By default, the system records ten command lines in its history buffer. To set the number of command lines that the system will record during the current terminal session, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# terminal history [ size number-of-lines ] Enables the command history feature for the current terminal session. The terminal no history size command resets the parts pdf, number of lines saved in the history buffer to the default of essay water wars ten lines. To configure the parts, number of command lines the system will record for all sessions on essay water wars a particular line, use the following command in line configuration mode: Router(config-line)# history [ size number-of-lines ] Enables the command history feature. To recall commands from the parts of a paper, history buffer, use one of the following commands or key combinations: Recalls commands in the history buffer, beginning with the most recent command. Repeat the key sequence to recall successively older commands. Returns to more recent commands in and contrast essay on basketball and football the history buffer after recalling commands with Ctrl-P or the Up Arrow key. Repeat the key sequence to recall successively more recent commands.
Router show history. While in EXEC mode, lists the last several commands entered. 1 The arrow keys function only on ANSI-compatible terminals . Disabling the of a paper, Command History Feature. The command history feature is a topic paragraph for a research automatically enabled. To disable it during the current terminal session, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router terminal no history.
Disables command history for the current session. To configure a specific line so that the command history feature is paper pdf disabled, use the following command in line configuration mode: Router(config-line)# no history. Disables command history for the line. Using CLI Editing Features and Shortcuts. A variety of shortcuts and editing features are enabled for the Cisco IOS CLI. The following subsections describe these features: Moving the Cursor on the Command Line. Table 4 shows the key combinations or sequences you can use to move the cursor around on water the command line to make corrections or changes.
Ctrl indicates the Control key, which must be pressed simultaneously with its associated letter key. Esc indicates the Escape key, which must be pressed first, followed by its associated letter key. Keys are not case sensitive. Many letters used for CLI navigation and editing were chosen to provide an easy way of of a term remembering their functions. In Table 4 characters are bolded in the Function Summary column to compare on basketball and football indicate the relation between the letter used and the function. Table 4 Key Combinations Used to Move the Cursor. Moves the parts paper, cursor one character to the left.
When you enter a command that extends beyond a single line, you can press the Left Arrow or Ctrl-B keys repeatedly to scroll back toward the system prompt and verify the beginning of the command entry, or you can press the Ctrl-A key combination. Moves the cursor one character to ray bradbury essays the right. Moves the of a pdf, cursor back one word. Moves the cursor forward one word. Beginning of line. Moves the cursor to the beginning of the line. Moves the cursor to the end of the command line.
Completing a Partial Command Name. If you cannot remember a complete command name, or if you want to reduce the amount of typing you have to essay wars perform, enter the first few letters of the command, then press the Tab key. The command line parser will complete the command if the parts of a paper, string entered is unique to the command mode. If your keyboard does not have a Tab key, press Ctrl - I instead. The CLI will recognize a command once you have entered enough characters to make the write paragraph for a, command unique. For example, if you enter conf in privileged EXEC mode, the CLI will be able to associate your entry with the configure command, because only the of a term, configure command begins with conf . In the following example the CLI recognizes the unique string for dtp resume privileged EXEC mode of conf when the Tab key is pressed: When you use the command completion feature the CLI displays the full command name. The command is not executed until you use the Return or Enter key.
This way you can modify the command if the full command was not what you intended by parts of a paper the abbreviation. If you enter a set of characters that could indicate more than one command, the system beeps to indicate that the text string is not unique. If the CLI can not complete the command, enter a question mark ( ? ) to essays obtain a list of commands that begin with that set of characters. Of A! Do not leave a space between the last letter you enter and book, the question mark ( ? ). For example, entering co? will list all commands available in the current command mode: Note that the characters you enter before the question mark are reprinted to the screen to allow you to complete the command entry. Use any of the term paper, following keys or key combinations to delete command entries if you make a mistake or change your mind: Deletes the character to the left of the cursor. Deletes the character at the cursor. Deletes all characters from the cursor to the end of the command line. Deletes all characters from the cursor to the beginning of the command line.
Deletes the word to the left of the cursor. Deletes from the cursor to the end of the word. The CLI stores commands or keywords that you delete in a history buffer. Only character strings that begin or end with a space are stored in the buffer; individual characters that you delete (using Backspace or Ctrl-D) are not stored. The buffer stores the last ten items that have been deleted using Ctrl-K, Ctrl-U, or Ctrl-X. Report Form Pdf! To recall these items and paste them in the command line, use the following key combinations: Recalls the parts term pdf, most recent entry in the buffer. (press keys simultaneously). Recalls the previous entry in the history buffer. (press keys sequentially). Note that the ray bradbury essays, Esc, Y key sequence will not function unless you press the Ctrl-Y key combination first.
If you press Esc, Y more than ten times, you will cycle back to parts paper pdf the most recent entry in the buffer. The CLI provides a wrap-around feature for commands that extend beyond a single line on dtp resume the screen. Of A Paper Pdf! When the cursor reaches the right margin, the command line shifts ten spaces to the left. You cannot see the first ten characters of the line, but you can scroll back and check the syntax at the beginning of the command. To scroll back, press Ctrl-B or the left arrow key repeatedly until you scroll back to dtp resume the beginning of the command entry, or press Ctrl-A to return directly to the beginning of the pdf, line. In the compare on basketball and football, following example, the access-list command entry extends beyond one line. When the cursor first reaches the end of the line, the line is shifted ten spaces to the left and redisplayed. The dollar sign ($) indicates that the line has been scrolled to the left. Each time the cursor reaches the end of the line, the line is again shifted ten spaces to the left.
When you have completed the entry, press Ctrl-A to check the complete syntax before pressing the parts term, Return key to execute the command. Wars! The dollar sign ($) appears at the end of the line to parts of a term indicate that the line has been scrolled to the right: The Cisco IOS software assumes you have a terminal screen that is 80 columns wide. If you have a different screen-width, use the definition writing, terminal width EXEC command to set the width of parts term paper your terminal. Use line wrapping in conjunction with the command history feature to recall and modify previous complex command entries. See the Recalling Commands section in this chapter for compare on basketball information about recalling previous command entries. Continuing Output at the --More-- Prompt.
When working with the Cisco IOS CLI, output often extends beyond the of a term pdf, visible screen length. For cases where output continues beyond the bottom of the screen, such as with the output of compare essay many ? , show , or more commands, the output is paused and a --More-- prompt is displayed at the bottom of the screen. Of A Term! To resume output, press the Return key to scroll down one line, or press the Spacebar to display the next full screen of output. Tips If output is book form pdf pausing on your screen, but you do not see the --More-- prompt, try entering a smaller value for parts term pdf the screen length using the length line configuration command or the definition writing, terminal length EXEC command. Command output will not be paused if the length value is set to of a paper zero. For information about filtering output from the --More-- prompt, see the Searching and Filtering CLI Output section in this chapter. Redisplaying the Current Command Line.
If you are entering a command and the system suddenly sends a message to your screen, you can easily recall your current command line entry. To redisplay the essay water, current command line (refresh the screen), use either of the parts term paper pdf, following key combinations: Redisplays the ray bradbury, current command line. If you have mistyped a command entry, you can transpose the term paper pdf, mistyped characters. To transpose characters, use the following key combination: Transposes the character to the left of the cursor with the character located at the cursor.
You can capitalize or lowercase words or capitalize a set of how to paragraph for a paper letters with simple key sequences. Note, however, that Cisco IOS commands are generally case-insensitive, and are typically all in lowercase. To change the capitalization of commands, use any of the following key sequences: Capitalizes the letter at the cursor. Changes the word at the cursor to parts of a term pdf lowercase. Capitalizes letters from the cursor to the end of the word. Designating a Keystroke as a Command Entry. You can configure the system to teaching definition essay writing recognize particular keystroke (key combination or sequence) as command aliases. In other words, you can set a keystroke as a shortcut for executing a command.
To enable the system to of a term pdf interpret a keystroke as a command, use the either of the following key combinations before entering the command sequence: Configures the system to wars accept the following keystroke as a user-configured command entry (rather than as an term editing command). Disabling and Reenabling Editing Features. The editing features described in and contrast essay on basketball the previous sections were introduced in Cisco IOS Release 9.21, and are automatically enabled on your system. However, there may be some unique situations that could warrant disabling these editing features. For example, you may have scripts that conflict with editing functionality. To globally disable editing features, use the following command in of a term paper pdf line configuration mode: Disables CLI editing features for a particular line.
To disable the a topic paragraph for a research paper, editing features for the current terminal session, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# terminal no editing. Disables CLI editing features for the local line. To reenable the parts of a paper pdf, editing features for essays the current terminal session, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# terminal editing. Enables the CLI editing features for the current terminal session. To reenable the editing features for a specific line, use the of a paper pdf, following command in water wars line configuration mode: Enables the CLI editing features. Searching and Filtering CLI Output. The Cisco IOS CLI provides ways of searching through large amounts of command output and filtering output to exclude information you do not need. Term Paper Pdf! These features are enabled for show and more commands, which generally display large amounts of data.
Note Show and more commands are always entered in EXEC mode. When output continues beyond what is displayed on a topic research your screen, the parts term paper pdf, Cisco IOS CLI displays a --More-- prompt. Pressing Return displays the next line; pressing the Spacebar displays the next screen of essays output. Of A Term Paper Pdf! The CLI String Search feature allows you to search or filter output from --More-- prompts. Understanding Regular Expressions. A regular expression is dtp resume a pattern (a phrase, number, or more complex pattern) the CLI String Search feature matches against show or more command output. Parts Of A Term! Regular expressions are case sensitive and allow for complex matching requirements. Writing! Simple regular expressions include entries like Serial , misses , or 138 . Complex regular expressions include entries like 00210. , ( is ) , or [Oo]utput . A regular expression can be a single-character pattern or a multiple-character pattern. That is, a regular expression can be a single character that matches the same single character in the command output or multiple characters that match the same multiple characters in the command output. Parts Of A! The pattern in the command output is essay writing referred to as a string. This section describes creating both single-character patterns and multiple-character patterns.
It also discusses creating more complex regular expressions using multipliers, alternation, anchoring, and parentheses. The simplest regular expression is a single character that matches the of a term pdf, same single character in the command output. Teaching Essay! You can use any letter (A-Z, a-z) or digit (0-9) as a single-character pattern. Term Pdf! You can also use other keyboard characters (such as ! or. ) as single-character patterns, but certain keyboard characters have special meaning when used in write a topic for a paper regular expressions. Table 5 lists the keyboard characters that have special meaning. Table 5 Characters with Special Meaning. Matches any single character, including white space. Matchers 0 or more sequences of the pattern. Matches 1 or more sequences of the term, pattern.
Matches 0 or 1 occurrences of the water wars, pattern. Matches the parts term paper pdf, beginning of the string. Matches the end of the string. Matches a comma (,), left brace ( ), left parenthesis ( ( ), right parenthesis ( ) ), the beginning of the essay, string, the end of the string, or a space. To use these special characters as single-character patterns, remove the special meaning by preceding each character with a backslash ().
The following examples are single-character patterns matching a dollar sign, an underscore, and a plus sign, respectively. You can specify a range of single-character patterns to match against command output. For example, you can create a regular expression that matches a string containing one of the following letters: a, e, i, o, or u. Parts Term! Only one of these characters must exist in the string for report pdf pattern matching to succeed. To specify a range of single-character patterns, enclose the single-character patterns in square brackets ( [ ] ). For example, [aeiou] matches any one of the five vowels of the parts of a paper, lowercase alphabet, while [abcdABCD] matches any one of the first four letters of the lower- or uppercase alphabet. You can simplify ranges by entering only the book, endpoints of the range separated by a dash (-).
Simplify the previous range as follows: To add a dash as a single-character pattern in your range, include another dash and precede it with a backslash: You can also include a right square bracket (]) as a single-character pattern in of a pdf your range, as shown here: The previous example matches any one of the first four letters of the lower- or uppercase alphabet, a dash, or a right square bracket. You can reverse the matching of the range by including a caret (^) at the start of the range.
The following example matches any letter except the ones listed. The following example matches anything except a right square bracket (]) or the letter d: When creating regular expressions, you can also specify a pattern containing multiple characters. You create multiple-character regular expressions by joining letters, digits, or keyboard characters that do not have special meaning. For example, a4% is form a multiple-character regular expression. Put a backslash before the parts, keyboard characters that have special meaning when you want to essay writing indicate that the character should be interpreted literally. With multiple-character patterns, order is of a important. The regular expression a4% matches the character a followed by a 4 followed by a % sign. If the string does not have a4%, in that order, pattern matching fails. The multiple-character regular expression a. uses the special meaning of the period character to match the letter a followed by any single character. With this example, the strings ab, a!, or a2 are all valid matches for the regular expression.
You can remove the special meaning of the period character by putting a backslash in compare and football front of it. Of A Pdf! For example, when the expression a. is used in the command syntax, only the string a. will be matched. You can create a multiple-character regular expression containing all letters, all digits, all keyboard characters, or a combination of letters, digits, and dtp resume, other keyboard characters. Paper Pdf! For example, telebit 3107 v32bis is a valid regular expression. You can create more complex regular expressions that instruct Cisco IOS software to match multiple occurrences of compare and contrast essay on basketball and football a specified regular expression. To do so, you use some special characters with your single-character and multiple-character patterns. Parts Of A Paper Pdf! Table 6 lists the special characters that specify multiples of report a regular expression. Table 6 Special Characters Used as Multipliers. Matches 0 or more single-character or multiple-character patterns. Matches 1 or more single-character or multiple-character patterns. Matches 0 or 1 occurrences of term paper a single-character or multiple-character pattern.
The following example matches any number of occurrences of the letter a, including none: The following pattern requires that at least one letter a be in the string to be matched: The following pattern matches the and contrast, string bb or bab: The following string matches any number of asterisks (*): To use multipliers with multiple-character patterns, you enclose the pattern in parentheses. In the following example, the pattern matches any number of the multiple-character string ab:
As a more complex example, the following pattern matches one or more instances of parts term pdf alphanumeric pairs, but not none (that is, an a topic for a research empty string is not a match): The order for matches using multipliers (*, +, or ?) is to of a paper pdf put the longest construct first. Nested constructs are matched from outside to inside. Concatenated constructs are matched beginning at the left side of the construct. Thus, the teaching definition essay, regular expression matches A9b3, but not 9Ab3 because the letters are specified before the term paper, numbers. Alternation allows you to specify alternative patterns to definition essay match against term pdf, a string. You separate the alternative patterns with a vertical bar ( | ). Exactly one of the alternatives can match the string. Book Form! For example, the regular expression codex | telebit matches the string codex or the string telebit, but not both codex and telebit.
You can instruct Cisco IOS software to match a regular expression pattern against term paper, the beginning or the end of the string. That is, you can specify that the beginning or end of a string contain a specific pattern. You anchor these regular expressions to a portion of the string using the special characters shown in Table 7. Table 7 Special Characters Used for essays Anchoring. Matches the beginning of the string. Matches the end of the string. For example, the of a term, regular expression ^con matches any string that starts with con, and $sole matches any string that ends with sole. In addition to indicating the beginning of a string, the ^ symbol can be used to indicate the logical function not when used in a bracketed range. For example, the expression [^abcd] indicates a range that matches any single letter, as long as it is ray bradbury not the letters a, b, c, or d. Contrast these anchoring characters with the special character underscore (_). Underscore matches the beginning of a string (^), the end of a string ($), parentheses (( )) , space ( ), braces (), comma (,), or underscore (_).
With the parts term paper pdf, underscore character, you can specify that a pattern exist anywhere in the string. For example, _1300_ matches any string that has 1300 somewhere in the string. Compare And Contrast And Football! The string 1300 can be preceded by term paper pdf or end with a space, brace, comma, or underscore. So, while matches the regular expression _1300_ , 21300 and 13000 do not. Using the dtp resume, underscore character, you can replace long regular expression lists. For example, instead of specifying ^1300( ) ( )1300$ ,1300, (1300 you can specify simply _1300_ . As shown in the Multipliers section, you use parentheses with multiple-character regular expressions to multiply the occurrence of of a term pdf a pattern. You can also use parentheses around a single- or multiple-character pattern to instruct the essay water wars, Cisco IOS software to of a pdf remember a pattern for use elsewhere in the regular expression. To create a regular expression that recalls a previous pattern, you use parentheses to indicate memory of a specific pattern and a backslash () followed by a digit to reuse the remembered pattern. The digit specifies the occurrence of a parentheses in the regular expression pattern. If you have more than one remembered pattern in your regular expression, then 1 indicates the first remembered pattern, and 2 indicates the second remembered pattern, and so on. The following regular expression uses parentheses for teaching writing recall:
This regular expression matches an a followed by any character (call it character no. 1), followed by bc followed by any character (character no. 2), followed by character no. 1 again, followed by of a paper character no. 2 again. So, the regular expression can match aZbcTZT. The software remembers that character no. 1 is Z and character no. 2 is how to write paragraph for a research paper T and then uses Z and T again later in the regular expression.
Searching and Filtering show Commands. To search show command output, use the following command in EXEC mode: Router# show any-command | begin regular-expression. Begins unfiltered output of the show command with the first line that contains the regular expression . Note Cisco IOS documentation generally uses the parts of a pdf, vertical bar to indicate a choice of dtp resume syntax. However, to parts of a pdf search the output of and contrast essay show and parts paper pdf, more commands, you will need to enter the pipe character (the vertical bar). In this section the pipe appears in how to write a topic for a paper bold ( | ) to paper pdf indicate that you should enter this character. To filter show command output, use one of the following commands in EXEC mode: Router# show any-command | exclude regular-expression.
Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression. Router# show any-command | include regular-expression. Displays output lines that contain the dtp resume, regular expression. On most systems you can enter the Ctrl-Z key combination at any time to interrupt the output and return to EXEC mode. For example, you can enter the show running-config | begin hostname command to start the display of the running configuration file at of a term paper the line containing the ray bradbury, hostname setting, then use Ctrl-z when you get to the end of the information you are interested in. Searching and Filtering more Commands. You can search more commands the same way you search show commands ( more commands perform the same function as show commands). To search more command output, use the following command in parts of a term paper EXEC mode: Router# more any-command | begin regular-expression.
Begins unfiltered output of a more command with the teaching, first line that contains the regular expression. You can filter more commands the same way you filter show commands. To filter more command output, use one of the following commands in EXEC mode: Router# more any-command | exclude regular-expression. Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression.
Router# more any-command | include regular-expression. Displays output lines that contain the regular expression. Searching and Filtering from the --More-- Prompt. You can search output from --More-- prompts. To search show or more command output from a --More-- prompt, use the following command in EXEC mode: Begins unfiltered output with the of a pdf, first line that contains the regular expression. You can filter output from --More-- prompts. However, you can only specify one filter for each command. The filter remains until the ray bradbury essays, show or more command output finishes or until you interrupt the term paper, output (using Ctrl-Z or Ctrl-6).
Therefore, you cannot add a second filter at write paragraph for a paper a --More-- prompt if you already specified a filter at the original command or at a previous --More--prompt. Note Searching and filtering are different functions. Parts Paper Pdf! You can search command output using the begin keyword and specify a filter at the --More-- prompt for form the same command. To filter show or more command output at a --More-- prompt, use one of the parts of a term paper, following commands in EXEC mode: Displays output lines that do not contain the regular expression. Displays output lines that contain the regular expression. The following sections provide examples of dtp resume using the CLI: Determining Command Syntax and term, Using Command History Example. The CLI provides error isolation in the form of an essay water wars error indicator, a caret symbol (^). The ^ symbol appears at parts of a term paper pdf the point in the command string where you have entered an incorrect command, keyword, or argument.
In the following example, suppose you want to set the clock. Use context-sensitive help to determine the essay wars, correct command syntax for setting the clock. The help output shows that the set keyword is of a term pdf required. Ray Bradbury Essays! Determine the syntax for entering the time: Enter the current time: The system indicates that you need to provide additional arguments to complete the command. Press Ctrl-P or the of a term pdf, Up Arrow to automatically repeat the previous command entry. Essay Wars! Then add a space and question mark ( ? ) to reveal the additional arguments:
Now you can complete the command entry: The caret symbol (^) and help response indicate an error at 01. Parts Of A Term Paper! To list the correct syntax, enter the command up to the point where the error occurred and then enter a question mark ( ? ): Enter the year using the correct syntax and press Enter or Return to execute the definition essay, command: Router# clock set 13:32:00 23 February 2001. Searching and Filtering CLI Output Examples. The following is partial sample output of the parts of a, more nvram:startup-config | begin EXEC command that begins unfiltered output with the first line that contain the regular expression ip . At the --More-- prompt, the user specifies a filter to exclude output lines that contain the regular expression ip . The following is partial sample output of the more nvram:startup-config | include command.
It only displays lines that contain the regular expression ip . The following is partial sample output of the more nvram:startup-config | exclude command. It excludes lines that contain the regular expression service . At the --More-- prompt, the user specifies a filter with the regular expression Dialer1 . Ray Bradbury Essays! Specifying this filter resumes the parts, output with the first line that contains Dialer1 . The following is partial sample output of the show interface EXEC command with an output search specified. The use of the keywords begin Ethernet after the pipe begins unfiltered output with the first line that contains the regular expression Ethernet . At the write a topic paper, --More-- prompt, the user specifies a filter that displays only the lines that contain the regular expression Serial . The following is of a term paper pdf partial sample output of the show buffers | exclude command. It excludes lines that contain the regular expression 0 misses . At the --More-- prompt, the user specifies a search that continues the filtered output beginning with the first line that contains Serial0 . The following is ray bradbury partial sample output of the show interface | include command. The use of the include ( is ) keywords after the pipe (|) causes the command to display only lines that contain the regular expression ( is ) . The parenthesis force the inclusion of the parts of a term pdf, spaces before and teaching definition essay writing, after is . Use of the parenthesis ensures that only of a term paper lines containing is with a space both before and wars, after it will be included in the output (excluding from the search, for example, words like disconnect ) . At the parts term paper pdf, --More-- prompt, the user specifies a search that continues the filtered output beginning with the first line that contains Serial0:13 :
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