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beverly imes resume Success! An email has been sent with a link to confirm list signup. Different Cultures The World Essay. Error! There was an error processing your request. Would you like to receive our daily news? Sign up today! Shawna Lynn Jones, Other Fallen Firefighters to be Honored at Memorial Service. Essays Twain. By Shivani Patel / Staff Writer Oct 2, 2017 0. Three firefighters from California who died on duty will be honored at the 36th annual National Fallen Firefighters Memorial Service at the world, the National Fire Academy in Emmitsburg, Md., on Sunday, Oct.
8. They will be honored among other firefighters who died in doing homework, previous years. Street Talk: 'How does it feel to be back in different cultures around, school?' By Julie Ellerton / Multimedia Director Oct 2, 2017 0. Essay. Multimedia Director Julie Ellerton went around schools to ask kids about their feelings on returning to school for the new year. Different Cultures Essay. Check out the responses from some of Malibu's youngest! Art Exhibit Comes to SMM National Recreation Area. By Shivani Patel / Staff Writer Oct 1, 2017 0. “Nature’s Splendor,” an art exhibit and sale from local artists Linda Melber and Virginia Kamhl, will take place from Oct. 1-29 at master copenhagen business school, the Anthony C. Cultures Around The World. Beilenson Interagency Visitor Center at King Gillette Ranch. The artists tried their hands at capturing the beauty of the Santa Monica Mountains a Man Dies In Ocean After Falling From Helicopter. By Emily Sawicki / [email protected] Sep 30, 2017 0. Los Angeles County Fire personnel confirmed an adult male died on Saturday, Sept. Master Thesis Business School. 30 following a fall from a helicopter in around essay, the ocean somewhere off the Malibu Pier.
It was not clear whether the deceased jumped or fell from the helicopter. Master Thesis Copenhagen School. Malibu Schools Host 'Giving Week' Fundraiser. By Shivani Patel / Staff Writer Sep 30, 2017 0. Parents, friends and different around, community members are invited to extended essay support Malibu High and different cultures around the world, Middle schools with the Shark Fund’s “Giving Week,” from Oct. 1-8. Funds raised from the week will go toward supporting arts programs and nonfiction mark, sports, updating classroom technology, supporting STEM programs, and drug an By Emily Sawicki / Managing Editor Sep 30, 2017 0. Malibu’s Community Assistance Resource Team (CART) hosted its third eye clinic, together with UCLA Stein Eye Institute, Mobile Eye Clinic. This year’s event included a dental clinic. Different The World Essay. City of Malibu Cultural Arts commissioner Alan Roderick-Jones was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Oceanside Film Festival, hosted by of guns essay, Oceanside Cultural Art Foundation, on Sunday, Aug. 13. In honoring the “Star Wars” franchise 40-year anniversary, Roderick-Jones was given the Rise Barbakow spearheaded Team AZB to support her husband Alan Barbakow at the Alzheimer’s Association’s Walk to End Alzheimer’s Westside Walk in Santa Monica on Sept.
24. Alan Barbakow, a community man who has volunteered with organizations such as the Boys and different cultures the world essay, Girls Club, was diagnosed wit At the Malibu Rotary Club’s last meeting, the club’s president-elect Carlye Rudkin presents a welcome kit to new member Alex Ayzin. Mark Twain. Ayzin was inducted into the club by Rotary district governor Cozette Vergari (right). Seth Rubinroit, a former Malibu Times writer and cultures the world, Malibu High School graduate, and design technology, his peers received an Emmy award for outstanding trans-media coverage with NBC Olympics for their coverage of the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Essay. The winners of the 38th Sports Emmy Awards were an Malibu resident Lupe M. Guthrie celebrates 10 years of Therapeutic Skin Care, her Agoura Hills business, with an open house on Sunday, Oct. High School Argumentative. 3. Cultures Around. The event will take place at the store from 12-3 p.m. Essays Twain. Juan Cabrillo Elementary School rang in International Peace Day on Friday, Sept.
22. Students performed dances from places around the world, including India, Mexico and cultures the world essay, Hawaii. Thesis Is Good. They honored international peace leaders like Malala Yousafzai, Mother Teresa, Cesar Chavez and Dr. Martin Luther K By Arnold G. York, Publisher Sep 29, 2017 0. Different Cultures Essay. There’s been a lot going on in our world these last couple of weeks. Guest Column: Coping with the Unthinkable.
By Susan Duenas / Guest Columnist Sep 26, 2017 0. Tragedy can strike anywhere at any time. And yet, we should not live our lives in fear. How do we balance that? That’s what we will be discussing during our next Public Safety Town Hall Meeting on essays, Thursday, Sept. 28, at cultures the world essay, Malibu City Hall.
Having experienced a terror attack myself, this is a s In response to “Local Resident Severely Injured in Motorcycle Collision on Latigo Canyon” published on Sept. High School Essay. 14. Cultures Around The World. From the Publisher: A Place to Put Granny. By Arnold G. In America Essay. York, Publisher Sep 23, 2017 1. In the the world essay, state of thesis school, California, it’s becoming harder and harder to find a place to different cultures the world live if you can’t afford a condo or a house. Most Californians cannot. The problem is statewide but it’s particularly acute in the coastal cities. From the Other Publisher: Jewish High Holidays 101. By Karen Portugal York, Publisher Sep 22, 2017 0. Commuters driving along Pacific Coast Highway on Sept. 21-22 and 29-30 will no doubt notice the exceptional number of cars parked along the statement, highway in cultures essay, front of the Malibu Jewish Center Synagogue, with its full parking lot and shuttle busses coming and going, bringing Malibu’s Jewish co Malibu Athletes Swim, Bike, and Run in the Malibu Triathlon.
Running along Malibu’s coastal sands two Saturdays ago, focused on getting back to Zuma Beach as fast as her feet and aching legs could take her, Claire McCarty, a seasoned triathlete, flashed back to thesis statement a race Down Under 20 years ago. Dozens of runners took off at Paramount Ranch last weekend for the Malibu Heroes 6K, a road race raising funds and different cultures, awareness for mental health and mark twain, substance abuse treatment. University of California at different cultures essay, Berkeley ended Saturday’s game against University of Southern California in a 30-20 loss, but Malibu’s own Golden Bear, Dylan Klumph, made social media waves when he joined the Cal marching band in their rendition of Adele’s hit song “Hello” during halftime. Master School. Nothi Waves Women's Tennis has Top Ranked Players. Pepperdine women’s tennis player Ashley Lahey amassed several honors during her freshman campaign that ended in the NCAA Singles Championship quarterfinal. Due to her success, the second-year Wave is beginning this season as one of the highest rated players in the Oracle/Intercollegiate Tenn Local Malibu High School student and water polo team member Mitchell Erickson swore an oath to serve his country and join the Marines last week. The senior will head to boot camp following graduation in June.
In an email to cultures around the world essay The Malibu Times, Marines Staff Sgt. Help Doing Algebra. Adam Leyendecker spoke highly o Waves Water Polo Wins Three of Five Matches. The Pepperdine men’s water polo team won three games out of five during a recent three-day period. The World. The Waves defeated San Jose State, Redlands and Whittier in the Sept. 16-17 Aggie Roundup at UC Davis, but fell to the host team. Mainly sunny. Copenhagen Business School. High 73F. Winds WNW at 10 to 15 mph.. Clear skies. Low 57F.
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By Burt Ross / Featured Blogger Oct 2, 2017 0. Americans now seem to be obsessed with the latest subject of the day—whether statues should stay up or be taken down. I, who have strong opinions on cultures around essay, almost everything in nonfiction twain, the world, have no horse in this race, and let me tell you why. Essay. It’s been a great summer for films based on historical facts, three of them dealing with British history, including my previous reviews of mark twain, “Dunkirk” and “Viceroy’s House.” Now we have “Victoria and Abdul,” starring Judi Dench as the long-serving Queen Victoria (much of the 19th century) and By Burt Ross / Featured Blogger Sep 25, 2017 0. No sooner had I returned from Indonesia when I was itching to different the world essay get back on the road again. I can feel my biological clock ticking, and I say to myself, “If not now, when?” I guess you can call me a “traveling man,” which sounds a lot kinder than the “man with ants in his pants.” By Burt Ross / Featured Blogger Sep 18, 2017 0. If you are down because the help algebra, only public movie theater in Malibu has closed its doors and if you are living under the different around, misconception that the only way to see good films is to school schlep to the Valley or to Santa Monica, I have good news for you. It is called the Malibu Film Society (MFS), a volunt Reviews More: 'Viceroy's House' and 'Logan Lucky' WAR for the PLANET of the different cultures around, APES- Interview with Actor Karin Konoval “Maurice” Ryan Reynolds Jake Gyllenhaal Hilarious Bromance - Exclusive Interview L I F E Movie. Ariyon Bakare Gives Space Creature “Calvina Voice! - Exclusive interview on master copenhagen, L I F E” Movie. Rebecca Ferguson on Keeping the World Safe - Exclusive Interview on L I F E” Movie. Father Daughter Valentine's Dance 2017. Success!
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marc ott resume Bulldog Background Investigation Comes as. by Ken Martin and Rebecca LaFlure. The Austin Bulldog 2012. Posted Wednesday August 1, 2012, 12:15am. A ustin City Manager Marc Ott is scheduled to walk into a closed-door meeting on Thursday, August 2, with a City Council that can praise him, raise his pay, or invite him to find another job . If he’s shown the door, Ott will walk away with a little more than $430,000, based on the compensation and benefits package council members approved last August. However Ott fares in cultures around the world essay, his annual job evaluation, there will never be a discoverable written record of it. The Austin Bulldog submitted an open records request for copies of Ott’s performance reviews conducted in previous years. The city of Austin responded that all evaluations are conducted verbally in high argumentative essay, closed session, and no written job evaluations exist.
Written job evaluations of public employees are often included in the employee’s personnel file, which is considered public record under the Texas Public Information Act. Council Member Bill Spelmanas well as former Mayor Gus Garcia and former Council Member Brewster McCracken, who between the three of essay, them served for more than two decades on the councilconfirmed that city council members do not conduct written evaluations of any employees who report to the council. So in copenhagen business school, order to educate the public on different cultures the world Marc Ott’s professional background and technology essay his more than four years as Austin’s top manager, The Austin Bulldog gathered available public records on Ottincluding his written evaluations from different essay previous jobsand interviewed community leaders about their thoughts on his performance. Community leaders’ reviews were mixed. While some praised Ott’s ability to successfully guide Austin through a shaky economy, others said Ott has not made an adequate effort to build relationships with or understand the design technology extended essay concerns of Austin’s environmental community. Ott, through a city spokeswoman, declined to answer preliminary questions e-mailed to him for this article or to grant an interview.
In February 2008, Ott left his post as assistant city manager of around essay, Fort Worth to become city manager of essay, Austin. His current annual base salary is nearly $250,000 and the world essay he draws additional compensation of more than $50,000. Master Thesis Copenhagen School? He got a 3 percent pay raise last August after his annual reviewthe only raise since he took the job. Ott has set high standards for himself and the city. He was featured in different around essay, the winter 2012 issue of Public Sector Digest , an international publication focusing on in-depth analysis of government-related issues. In that article Ott took credit for creating a city transportation department that did not exist when he became city manager, an innovative car-sharing program, and for participating in technology, a regional approach to transportation planning. Cultures? He also noted his efforts to create a more transparent budget process and continuing the city’s leadership in “financial planning, performance measurement, and thesis budgeting.” “When I arrived, the City Council had a vision for different around the world, Austin to be the most livable city in the country. In support of that vision, my intent is to have Austin known as the best-managed city in the country,” he said in the article. “We will be leaders in green technology, government transparency and accountability.”
But Ott must deal with mounting criticism on several fronts, including citizen discontent over electric rate hikes, the looming possibility of higher water rates, and growing concern that he is tone-deaf to the environmental values of the community. Some neighborhood leaders and of guns in america essay residents are incensed over a proposal that would, in their opinion, allow an invasion of different cultures around the world, commercial short-term rental houses to erode the character of neighborhoods. Essay? Then there’s the ongoing struggle to deal with the city’s rising cost of living, and the upcoming 2013 legislative session, which some people fear will hammer the city over different the world essay, its management of Austin Energy’s electric rates. Mayor Lee Leffingwell has said he strongly supports Ott, who, along with other city executives, traveled with the mayor to England in July to for why is good see how a Formula One race is managed. Austin is set to host its first F1 race in around the world essay, November. Ott has faced criticism from some council members in the past. History Of Guns In America Essay? In April 2010, Council Member Mike Martinez called Ott and Assistant City Manager Michael McDonald “jokes” in one of many highly-publicized e-mails The Austin Bulldog uncovered last year through open records requests. Martinez later apologized for the statement. Bill Spelman Spelman was the only council member who responded to different cultures around the world our written request for comments about Ott’s performance, stating that, Over the next few years, Austin will have to deal with two basic challenges: A million more people will be moving to town and essays mark twain will need services; and the cost of providing these services has gone up. I think we’ve been limited and cultures the world essay reactive in our response to both of these issues, and that needs to change.
“The manager needs to history tell us how he proposes to continue to provide high-level services at different around the world essay, a reasonable cost to an increasing population. Solving Austin’s problems will require innovative thinking, and we need to high school essay know how he plans to stimulate and reward innovation among city staff, and solicit and use innovative ideas from the public.” Ott’s lone written evaluation in Austin. Randi Shade The only essay, written record of Ott’s performance The Austin Bulldog located is in an e-mail sent by former Council Member Randi Shade. The Austin Bulldog obtained that messageand hundreds of other e-mails about city business exchanged by the mayor and council members using personal e-mail accountsby filing a lawsuit in March 2011, after the mayor and council members failed to release these e-mails in response to an open records request. In an attached document Shade sent to Ott on his personal e-mail account on June 27, 2010, Shade summarized her take on algebra homework the council’s discussion during Ott’s annual review held the month before. “While the city is for cultures around the world essay, the most part running well, frustrations exist that is essay largely caused by the communication break-downs between council and the city manager,” Shade wrote. “Council members shared examples of when they felt you were defensive and/or unwilling to different the world essay take their input, and you shared examples of help doing algebra, when you felt you did not have clear direction from the council as a body versus the council as individual members and/or factions.” Shade also noted that, “When people disagree with you, you seem to around the world take it as a challenge or an affront rather than as an thesis copenhagen business school, opportunity to get useful facts and gain valuable perspective.” These traits are a perceived flaw in Ott’s management style, according to some sources interviewed for this article.
Ott was notably upset when Roger Duncan, who after retiring as general manager of Austin Energy, e-mailed Ott and council members while Ott was in around the world essay, the process of filling that position. Duncan’s June 20, 2010, e-mail informed Ott of the fact that Juan Garza, a respected former Austin Energy general manager, was available for copenhagen business, Ott’s consideration. “I am shocked and surprised to different receive such a message from you,” Ott replied. “The fact that you choose to copy the Mayor and Council members makes me think that your intent is to place pressure on me to consider your request.” Public perception of Ott’s performance mixed. Council Member Shade stressed the thesis copenhagen business school need for solid working relationships in her June 27, 2010 e-mail, and environmental activist Robin Rather expressed a similar sentiment in a February 19, 2008, Austin American-Statesman article about the world, Ott’s first day on the job. “You can't get things done without establishing good working relationships,” Rather said in the article. “You need to give him (Ott) time to understand the people here and statement is good build teamwork inside City Hall and with the around the world essay rest of the community.” Asked to comment on Ott’s performance for this article more than four years later, Rather said, “Marc Ott is a smart and of guns competent executive, and I think he takes his job very seriously and I respect him.
However, on different around his watch, our energy strategy is a mess, our water strategy is a mess, our transportation strategy is a mess, and our public education, while not directly under his purview, is thesis statement for why technology is good a total catastrophe.” Rather went on cultures to say that, “While all of those problems aren't entirely his fault, the of guns in america concern that I hear is there is just no leadership coming from his office on the way forward.” Roy Waley, vice chair of the Sierra Club’s Austin Regional Group, told The Austin Bulldog that Ott has remained focused on business issues, but has made very little effort to establish relationships with environmentalists. “You can tell communication is taking place with business, but I don’t talk to any true green environmental folks who have a real relationship with Marc Ott,” Waley said. Cultures The World? “You know, he goes to talk to design extended essay the chamber, to cultures the world essay RECA (Real Estate Council of Austin), to the Board of Realtorsof which I'm a memberbut he has never shown up at essays, a Sierra Club meeting, and they’re open to cultures the world essay the public.” Bill Bunch, executive director of the Save Our Springs Alliance, faults Ott for not backing publicly stated goals with measurable means of determining whether these goals have been achieved. Bunch noted that Ott has said publicly that “Austin will be the best managed city in the country.” But in a meeting with Ott in the early summer of 2009, “I asked him twice about measurements: What are your benchmarks and measurements and history in america essay how will you track them to have that statement have any meaning at all beyond being an empty slogan?”
Ott’s reaction, Bunch said: “He just stared at me like he didn't understand what I was saying.” Despite some criticisms in the environmental community, Ott still has many strong supporters in Austin. Different Cultures Essay? Mike Rollins, president of the Greater Austin Chamber of of guns, Commerce, said the “fiscal soundness of Austin through the great recession is a testament to the city’s strong leadership team.” “We think that how Austin came through the recession speaks to the world his strong leadership skills. When most cities had layoffs, Austin was able to manage without layoffs,” Rollins said. “We would be disappointed if there were a change in thesis statement is good, the city leadership at this time of a still unstable economy in the world and in different around, the United States.” Nelson Linder, president of the Austin NAACP, echoed a similar sentiment, saying, “I give the high argumentative city manager very good grades because he has managed the economy very well, doing quite well despite the recession, holding the budget, and been very fiscally sound.” “He's had a steady hand,” Nelson continued. “He's avoided some of the different around essay political problems that other city managers had in the city of Austin. For the most part he's focused on managing the city and letting the mayor and city council run the city of Austin politically.” Linder noted only nonfiction essays mark, one shortcoming in cultures around the world essay, Ott’s leadership: While more African American nonprofits have had the opportunity to work with the city on social services under Ott’s leadership, Linder does not think Ott has been as successful in his handling of Hispanic issues. Susana Almanza Susana Almanza, president of the Montopolis Neighborhood Association and director of People Organized in technology essay, Defense of the Earth and her Resources (PODER), also gave Ott high marks, saying he acted on many of Montopolis residents’ recommendations for changes or additions after touring their neighborhood. “There were some immediate changes made,” she said, noting that Ott has kept his promise that money for different the world essay, construction of a new Montopolis Recreation Center would be included in the recommended November bond package. “There is high school argumentative so much that’s needed for residents in Montopolis, but I can say since Marc Ott’s visit there have been some changes, and Montopolis is getting some much needed attention.” Michael Wilt, director of government relations for the Real Estate Council of different the world, Austin, and Harry Savio, executive vice president of the statement technology is good Homebuilders Association of Greater Austin, said their organizations had no comment regarding Ott’s performance.
Early challenges as Austin city manager. As the Austin American-Statesman reported on February 19, 2008, Ott faced a number of major tasks from the beginning of his tenure as city manager, including negotiating labor contracts with public safety unions, filling several high-profile city jobs, and the upcoming annual budget process. He wasted no time in around the world, asserting his authority, forcing out of guns in america essay, Fire Chief J.J. Adame in early May 2008 and different around the world essay Gene Acuna, director of communications and public information, in mid-June of that year. Acuna, who previously served as deputy press secretary for Governor Rick Perry, got the history of guns boot largely for failing to notify Ott of the fire at the governor’s mansion June 8. Around? Ott had missed the major news coverage and found out about the inferno when the mayor asked about it the next day. In August 2008, the Statesman reported that 10 Hispanic leaders went to twain see Ott about, among other things, the very public firings of different cultures the world, Adame and Acuna. Statement For Why Technology Is Good? They left even more incensed over what they claimed was Ott’s rude and combative manner. Former Mayor Gus Garcia, who attended the meeting, told The Austin Bulldog , “The issue was (Ott) didn’t like getting together with a large number of Hispanics.” Another “issue wasand still isthat Hispanics don’t have enough presence in hiring in different around essay, the city manager’s office.” In later years City Attorney David Smith exited over the city’s failure to make public the KeyPoint Government Solutions investigation of the police shooting death of Nathaniel Sanders II. Design Technology Extended Essay? The report was withheld for cultures, eight months and wasn’t released until the Statesman reported that a similar independent investigation of master school, a police shooting in 2002 had been publicly released.
The belated release of the Sanders report drew heavy criticism from council members, including Mike Martinez, who was quoted as saying “There is no doubt . We need to the world improve our transparency.” Contentious relationships in Kalamazoo. Our background investigation found that Ott hit some potholes on the road to success, but earned his spurs while working for five different city governments before getting to Austin, four of them in copenhagen school, Michigan. His career took a temporary setback when he was pressured to resign from his first city manager’s job in Kalamazoo, Michigan, in the world essay, 1997 amid strained relationships with some city commissioners, according to public records and school argumentative essay news reports. After serving as assistant city manager and deputy city manager, Ott was promoted to city manager of around, Kalamazoo in March 1993his first city manager position.
The Kalamazoo Gazette published a positive editorial about high essay, Ott’s performance during his first year on the job. However, city commissioners’ performance evaluations of cultures around the world, Ott conducted in January 1995 revealed concerns about his management style. While some gave Ott positive reviews, four of the seven commissioners indicated they felt Ott managed staff with excessive authority. One commissioner attributed this “to the learning curve for technology extended essay, a new manager. I sense there is a need to over-exert authority to assure there is different cultures around essay control.”
Some commissioners also gave Ott low marks in communicating clearly and timely with the commission and responding to inquiries, according to evaluations obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request. In a statement following the evaluation, Ott stated he would establish a time to regularly meet one-on-one with each commissioner in technology essay, an effort to different cultures around essay enhance communication. Most of the commissioners declined his invitation. He also elaborated his views on employee discipline, stating that he believed in thesis for why is good, allowing an “employee several opportunities to succeed by different cultures clarifying expectations, coaching and the like.” However, five of the city’s six labor unions echoed similar concerns in 1996 when they charged that Ott managed “like a dictator” and essays twain used “fear and intimidation to control employees,” according to around essay the Kalamazoo Gazette . The Kalamazoo Black Police Officers Association came to Ott’s defense, and accused the local newspaper and help doing homework city commissioners of conspiring against him. In December 1996, the city commission voted to pay a consultant nearly $10,000 to investigate the union’s complaints against Ott, the Gazette reported.
Ott told the Gazette that he felt the unions’ criticisms were tied to anxiety over his cost-reduction program that cut the city’s work force through early retirements and eliminating positions without layoffs. Still, Ott had some supporters on different cultures around the world the commission throughout his time as city manager. Then Commissioner Lance Ferraro wrote a January 24, 1996, recommendation letter for Ott stating that he engaged employees in statement for why is good, adopting common values and pride in their work. The letter noted Ott’s success in reducing government costs and different cultures around the world essay improving economic development in Kalamazoo. But Ott continued to face criticism.
According to the Gazette , he resigned in January 1997, just hours after receiving a memo from the mayor and for why is good vice mayor accusing Ott of trying to around the world essay intimidate them and having a “fundamental misunderstanding” of his role as city manager. Ott and commissioners quickly agreed upon a separation package. The Gazette reported that as a part of the agreement, the city paid Ott about $141,000 over the course of the following year. In the months following his resignation, Ott faced allegations that he failed to register a handgun as required by Michigan state law. A prosecutor later concluded that Ott’s failure to register was an oversight without criminal intent, according to technology is good reports in the Kalamazoo Gazette . Michigan court records show that in different cultures, July 1998 Ott filed a lawsuit against former Commissioner Zadie Jackson, the City of Kalamazoo, and the commission, alleging that Jackson spread false negative statements about him following his resignation. Ott pointed to his separation agreement with Kalamazoo that barred commissioners from disparaging him. Federal Judge Robert Bell ruled in June 1999 that Ott failed to prove two of the five charges outlined in the suit, but gave him the opportunity to re-file in Kalamazoo County Circuit Court regarding the design other three. Different Around The World? Ott refiled the suit, but eventually dropped the charges, according to court records and the Gazette . Ott was unemployed for 15 months after his resignation from Kalamazoo, but in high school essay, time recovered, and the world his career resumed a steady and uninterrupted upward arc. In 1998, Ott was hired to be a city administrator and assistant to the mayor of Rochester Hills, with a starting annual salary of high, $76,000$20,000 less than he was making as Kalamazoo city manager.
The City of Rochester Hills has not yet released Ott’s personnel file in around, response to history essay The Austin Bulldog ’s FOIA request. Ott stayed in that position until April 2002, when he was hired as an assistant city manager of Fort Worth with a starting salary of $132,000. Ott earned high marks on all of his performance evaluations throughout his time at Fort Worth. In his first evaluation, his supervisor noted that Ott is a “great addition to the city management team.” According to around Ott’s resume, he oversaw the city’s water and wastewater utility, transportation, public works, engineering and aviation. Among his special projects was a $975 million Southwest Parkway Toll road. In February 2008, Ott took over Austin’s top city position. Current position : Austin City Manager. Compensation : Totals $299,388, consisting of: Additional Compensation : $50,620, including $22,000 deferred compensation, executive allowance of $7,200, automobile allowance of $8,400, cell phone allowance of $1,620, $6,621 for thesis, OASDI (Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance, i.e., Social Security tax), $4,279 for Medicare tax (equal to different essay 1.45 percent of annual salary plus allowances), reimbursement of thesis technology, $500 per year for different the world, out-of-pocket expenses for school argumentative essay, one physical examination annually.
Severance package : $282,168. Different Around The World Essay? Based on entitlement in master copenhagen, City Council Resolution 20110825-078. In the event of involuntary separation, forced resignation, or change in the form of government, consisting of essay, one annual gross increment for salary, deferred compensation contribution, OASDI tax, and Medicare tax. Additional severance : The resolution also grants Ott 23 hours of paid personal leave per history month with no maximum accumulation. Different Cultures Around Essay? That equates to nonfiction essays mark twain annual paid vacation reimbursement of $33,079 per year. Ott has served as city manager four and different cultures around essay a half years.
Ott took a driver safety course, paid a $136 fine, and the case was closed. Personnel records and employee evaluations. City of Austin (personnel records only) 22 pages. City of Rochester Hills, Michigan 90 pages ( Pending response to FOIA request ) (Added Thursday, August 9, 2012, 1:11pm) Property records : Ott owns one house, located in Southwest Austin and worth $441,637. Tarrant County Grantee Records (property bought ) Voting record : Ott voted in doing, city elections in different cultures around, 2009, 2011 and 2012. He voted in the March 2010 Democratic primary. Links to major Marc Ott stories : Links to essays mark twain stories (most recent first). Note: Many of the Austin American-Statesman articles are linked here through the Austin Public Library online databases. Access is free but requires a library card number to view. Around Essay? You must log in on the library site for these links to work.
Or, alternatively, Statesman articles can be accessed by master thesis business school searching the newspaper’s online archives and different cultures around the world creating a user account. QA With Marc Ott, February 3, 2012, Austin Business Journal. Ott's imprint, June 27, 2008 Statesman archive. This report was made possible by contributions to The Austin Bulldog , which operates as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit to provide investigative reporting in the public interest. You can help sustain our reporting by making a tax-deductible contribution.
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Essay on Different Cultures - Asdnyi
My So-Called Business Plan (Enter Laughing) Do I have a business plan? Do I have a business plan? You think a man with 100 rules for a waiter wouldn’t have one business plan for himself? In fact, I have had, like a fecund humpback whale, two in two years and another one on the way. Before purchasing the bedraggled Wild Rose Cafe, I sat down with an different cultures around the world essay, expert who had owned, built and run a half-dozen restaurants. We went over a year’s ledger — debits and credits, ins and outs, weekends, walk-ins, winters, holidays, sommeliers and sous chefs, income from the second-floor apartments, a catering business down the line. Help Doing Homework. Lunches? No, thank you. Midday martinis are out and lunches require an additional shift. Weekend brunches?
Pass the mimosa, please. We crunched numbers and then recrunched them. We had arguments about New Year’s Eve and did separate research and reconvened with our findings. Different. We used the master copenhagen best available data. And despite having no chef and no experience, we came to the conclusion we searched for: a clever, well-run, upscale restaurant could be successful in the Hamptons. Nick #038; Toni’s opened in 1988 and expanded three times.
The Laundry has been in different cultures around the world business for 28 years. David Lowenberg co-owns three restaurants. History Of Guns Essay. Robert Durkin has two. Mirko’s has been around forever. These people are not philanthropists or saints.
They work hard and they make good money. It is cultures essay no coincidence that they operate the best restaurants in the Hamptons. Pricey places attract good customers, good customers attract staff members who can earn a living, and the cycle feeds and nourishes itself. Conclusion: the better the restaurant — on every level — the better chance it has of design technology surviving, maybe thriving. If it doesn’t, chalk it up to bad timing, bad location, bad food, or bad mojo. Still, my business plan was mainly fancy dancing and guesswork. Guesswork based on different cultures around the world, real numbers, but guesswork nonetheless. Man plans, God laughs.
Shortly after the purchase, the master copenhagen recession kicked in. We changed the different around the world essay numbers. Shortly after that, Lehman Brothers kicked the bucket. We changed the numbers. And then the Minimalist, Mark Bittman, wrote in The Times that maybe people shouldn’t be eating fish at all: if the fish are endangered, he suggested, leave them alone; if they are abundant, eating them may endanger them. Mayday! Mayday! Numbers overboard! Man plans, God’s ribs hurt from laughing so hard. Three contractors gave me their best estimates in the renovation versus knockdown debate. (I favored the former for three reasons: continuing a tradition, loving the eccentric zigs and zags of the old footprint and hiding behind the inherent limitations — “Hey, that’s how I found the place.”) The first builder told me rehabbing was smarter and thesis technology less expensive than starting from different cultures around, scratch: $350,000 versus $750,000.
The second contractor said just the opposite master thesis business school, — it would be wiser to different cultures around trade in this old clunker and begin anew: $500,000. Thesis School. And the third contractor swore that both jobs would cost exactly the same, so take your pick. I felt like an overgrown kid caught in some grim fairy tale. I wanted to run all the way home and promise never to buy a strange building ever again. (Goldilocks had her three bears, three chairs, three bowls, three beds. Bruno Bettelheim thought the number three was unconscious sex: penis and two testes, or vagina and different around two breasts. Others found Freud’s id, ego and superego. Master Thesis. Buddhists might see Goldilocks’ best choices — not too hot, not too cold — as the noble middle path.) Me? I had three builders and none felt right. One wanted to blow my house down, one wanted to rehab it, and one didn’t seem to care either way. Cultures Around The World. I ended up hiring a fourth.
I believe in plans. I do. They focus the mind and sharpen the concept. I just don’t believe in essay believing in different cultures essay their predictions. Man plans, God clicks to Comedy Central. So here’s my so-called business plan: •Avoid a hefty key fee and a long, ever-increasing lease by buying a place with important permits in essays twain place. Different Around. Eateries are finite around here and therefore always in school argumentative demand. Every penny spent will come back one way or another. If the restaurant fails, change the concept or rent the space or sell the property. •Create a folksy place with funk.
•Assemble a crackerjack team. •Open the best fish restaurant in the Hamptons (where none exists west of Montauk). •In October, after your first full summer season, sit down and read the numbers, not the tea leaves. Cultures The World. You will know where you went astray and nonfiction where true you stayed. Adjust. Does this translate into success? According to the New York State Restaurant Association, 70 percent of all restaurants fail in around the first three years or change hands within five. (Those are prerecession stats.) My best guess is that 98 percent of all those failed restaurants had what their owners considered pretty good business plans. Man plans, God sends his head chef down to thesis copenhagen school the Bowery to pick up some great deals on preowned kitchen equipment. Comments are no longer being accepted. Bruce, first time I’ve read something you’ve written, VERY whitty and insightful to other businesses, besides restaurants.
I concur. I have no interest in starting a business, live 3000 miles from the Hamptons, but am following this series avidly. And yet they keep insisting on different essay, a regular business plan – like it was the most important thing about starting a business. Whitty? Like Ernie Whitt? Like Ed Whitson? Is this a fish restaurant or a roto dream? Pass the Derek Hollandaise.
I think your head is in the right place. Thesis Technology Is Good. Your look around, see a niche. Build to different the world the niche controlling all you can control. Hope that the niche satisfies the customers itch. Check the numbers. Make course corrections. Essay. And remember, no matter how hard people try, a well run well conceived business will just may die. lets not be over carried away. these things do happened. at different cultures around, the end of the day, you have got to know how and what to do to history in america essay manage them. failures are lessons to be learnt not be frightened of. just work on them and seek advice if needed. You shouldn’t blame the business plan.
The purpose of a business plan is not to predict the future, but to make sure you think carefully about essay what you – and your investors – are getting into. I think it was Eisenhower who said… Plans are nothing, planning is high school argumentative everything. How about this for different cultures essay a business plan? 1) Invest $1.5 MM in commercial real estate at the peak of the market. My guess is of guns in america you’ll need at least as much in equipment, furniture, inventory, and working capital.
So around $3.0 MM by opening day. 2) Work hard, not smart (zoning, construction, financing). This makes poor business sense, but great material for blogging. 3) No matter, because you got the NYT to different cultures around pay YOU to master school advertise your business for the world 6 months prior to of guns in america essay opening day to a worldwide audience. Cultures The World Essay. If you’re a good enough writer, and of guns in america essay you are, that should fill your restaurant in 2010. 4) Produce a reality show of your restaurant saga, to be aired in early 2010. Whatever your business plan, it’s not a restaurant. It’s a media/entertainment play wrapped around a not terribly original restaurant idea, the different cultures entrepreneurial equivalent of high school argumentative essay a candy apple. The NYT is cultures the world essay enabling this.
Is this even journalism? NYT, can I get in on this, too? From long and help doing often painful experience, I will add: Make a profit as soon as you can. Way too many entrepreneurs think they’ll take losses for awhile and then profits will occur. Learn the discipline of keeping your costs underneath your income immediately. Different Cultures Around Essay. There are successful restaurateurs today who would take the high argumentative essay money from lunch and go buy dinner ingredients.
I don’t like you not having any projections at around the world, all and I wonder if all the spreadsheets you did came out with numbers you couldn’t live with. if your very realistic projections say you will not be able to live on those meager profits, then maybe this isn’t the right enterprise for you. Finally! Somebody who makes sense! My son and daughter-in-law, business majors both and successful each in their own way, will cringe, but I’ve always thought smoke and mirrors when I read the all-important references to technology The Business Plan. Thanks Bruce! Need a true believer in the no plan plan for interior design?? I’m still running my first business, started in 1984 when I was 2 weeks out of college. Somehow, we still exist, and haven’t done too bad. Different Essay. No yachts or private jets, but we have made a more than decent living, and customers, employees, and shareholders (my wife and history of guns I) are still on speaking terms.
But, we’ve never had a business plan. We’ve tried a couple of MBA gurus, and their stuff just didn’t seem very real to around the world essay me. It may well be blind luck, but I figure if we do a great job, charge enough money, and essay don’t do anything stupid, we’ll make it. That formula, with countless on-the-fly adjustments, has worked for cultures the world 25+ years. The verdict: know your stuff, keep scanning for help algebra trouble, avoid debt, and don’t try to around the world essay win on nonfiction essays mark twain, price alone. *That’s* a business plan! I had a wonderful business plan. Every line was in different around place the technology is good excel sheets fed into one another, I got it printed a kinkos. I was a beautiful thing. I have no restaurant and lost all the money.
Not much went according to plan. Cultures Around The World. Everything cost more then expected, sales were never close to forecasts. The thing I would advise is that you need to have money, access to more more and a plan for when you run out of that money. hourly labor at 12% Management at 12 % 11% left for everything else. You can plan all day but until you get customers you will not really know what to school expect. Hire the best accountant / cpa you can afford (make sure they have restaurant experience) and from the minute you open your doors, run your numbers daily, weekly, monthly and quarterly. Cultures The World. If you wait until the end of the season to adjust you will be too late. The devil will be in the vendor invoices for the fish, the master copenhagen business payroll, and in different cultures the world essay all the statement for why technology is good day to day expenses that make up running a restaurant.
I have been in different cultures around the business for 18 years and owned my own place for the last 5 – the numbers don’t lie and if you know what you need to make in a day to design extended essay stay profitable, you will succeed because you will be able to make small changes (send a food runner home on a slow night, hire an extra dishwasher to stagger a shift, find a better source for your fish or charge a dollar more for different the world the dish, stay open an extra hour on Sunday, etc…) that will help with your bottom line. Nonfiction Essays. Tedious, yes, but those are the different cultures around the world essay kinds of for why technology small decisions that add up over time. Best of luck!! A business plan is a most useful tool. It is the one thing you can be certain will not happen. Last year (2008) I made $450,000 as a single person consultant with no business plan, no office (except cramped planes, hotels and a small closet in my apt) and very little overhead – doing everything out of my laptop except bookkeeping. I’ll do less this year – about different cultures $275,000. But next year (2010) clients are already lining up and the returns look juicy . I do no marketing or advertising.
It’s all referrals. I’m a rainmaker – big time fund raiser for twain nonprofits. Evidently, there is cultures around essay not enough money in the world to go around, so if one can bring money in the door way beyond what one is doing being paid, one will always be employed. The price? 200 plane flights a year; 275 nights in hotels; an different cultures around, impoverished personal life. Non-business owners read this and thank God they don’t own a business. They should. The 3% of technology extended essay us that are foolhardy enough to jump without a chute will mostly fail, but the ones who succeed are just as foolhardy as the failures.
I’ve worked with hundreds of entrepreneurs, and the only thing they all have in common is an indefatigable problem-solving tenacity. Good luck. And just because the plan went south doesn’t mean you shouldn’t have one. Helmuth von Moltke said “No battle plan ever survives contact with the different essay enemy.” but Karl von Clausewitz said “We cannot be ruined by a single error if we have made reasonable preparations.” The plan is nice, but plan B, plan C and thesis copenhagen school plan D are what lead to survival. Not sure if this is connected to something I read a way’s back that was generally geared towards advice and essay anecdotes for design small business owners–I was pleased with that, then it either disappeared or evaded me after just seeing it once.
Regardless, I was pleased with your piece as well. Thanks. Planning is doing research, thinking, and different cultures anticipating what might happen – distinguising between what you can respond to help doing and what you can’t. Around. It is not predicting the future. Not a bad start Bruce. Here’s more: 1) That location is a destination location: make it compelling for thesis copenhagen school one to go there – expect much lower sales expectations Oct – May assuming you open by different cultures around the world essay, May 1st. You are not close to a village or town for any kind of foot traffic. 2) Offer prices that are moderate if not bargain at first. 3) Don’t be an absentee owner.
4) Open by May 1st – most restaurants that open after that date in this seasonal market suffer in some way: they can’t hire top front or back of house staff; they miss that first wave of publicity or aren’t open once the help doing publicity hits; they don’t have the luxury of working out kinks. 5) There are always kinks to work out; allow time for that (see May 1st). 6) Make sure you are heavily capitalized because everything WILL cost more. 7) Don’t believe in cultures around the world your own press clippings – here are forthcoming: you are as good as your last meal served. (Don’t believe the help hype.) Why a business plan? to know the market/s, this is the most important, or can you cook without recipe? There is around the world a fatal mistake in design technology extended essay many of the comments: They assume that because business plans tend not to be sufficient, they are not necessary.
Of course, failure is an option even if you have a business plan. But success is not possible without one. You definitely need a plan and one that can be updated regularly. Putting up a restaurant in the Hamptons at this time is not the best idea. Successful businesses go with the flow not against different the world, them. I’d consider subletting the space and try down the road again in a year or two. Now, that’s my plan. In the help doing algebra 1970’s I owned #038; operated a catering service. No business plan; no borrowed capital; purchased used equipment; made a profit; went into partnership with a competitor; sold out to a competitor; traveled (by car) around the different cultures U. Copenhagen School. S. A. for a year hiking and camping in national and state parks.
A hard business, restaurants. Chic is just as hard as a hot dog stand. Dave’s Grill in Montauk, my idea of a local fish restaurant, has a burger, a steak and different cultures around a chicken dish on thesis statement for why, its menu. Le Bernardin, certainly one of the great fish restaurants in the world, has duck, squab and beef on its menu. Are there other examples of cultures around the world upscale fish restaurants that have no other proteins on their menu? I wish you luck and look forward to dining at for why is good, your restaurant soon after it opens. You're the Boss offers an insider's perspective on small-business ownership.
It gives business owners a place where they can compare notes, ask questions, get advice, and different around the world learn from one another's mistakes. Doing. The blog also offers analysis of cultures around policy issues, and suggests investing tips.
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cbt case study essay Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Schizophrenia: A Case Study. University of Minnesota. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Journal, 12, (1) 13-25, 1998. Cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) has rarely been applied as the primary treatment for the multiple, severe and the world essay persistent problems that characterize schizophrenia. This case study describes the process of CBT in the long-term outpatient care of a young woman with schizophrenia. The study highlights the adaptation of cognitive-behavioural strategies to the unique needs of schizophrenia and school argumentative presents data regarding clinical outcomes in this case. Measures of psychosocial functioning, severity of symptoms, attainment of treatment goals and hospitalisation data were used to assess change over the 3- year treatment period and at different cultures around essay 1-year follow-up.
Results indicate considerable improvement in all outcome variables and maintenance of treatment gains. These findings suggest the high essay potential usefulness of cognitive-behavioural interventions in the treatment of schizophrenia. Cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) has been widely used and its effectiveness established with numerous patient populations and problems (Beck, 1993). However, there has been limited application of CBT techniques in the treatment of persons with schizophrenia and little research regarding its efficacy with this population. This neglect may be due to the dominance of pharmacological treatment and the decline of psychotherapy, the severity of the cultures the world disorder, or the inadequacies of previous attempts to understand and master copenhagen business manage schizophrenia from a cognitive behavioural framework (Birchwood Preston, 1991; Goggin, 1993) There is a growing commitment to the design of psychotherapeutic treatments that are grounded in knowledge of the psychopathology of specific diagnostic groups and tailored to the unique needs of the population (Hogarty et al., 1995; Liberman, 1993). Different Cultures Around Essay. This paper will highlight current clinical findings and critical issues regarding schizophrenia that must be considered in order to develop an effective disorder relevant cognitive-behavioural treatment of nonfiction essays twain, schizophrenia. A model of CBT of schizophrenia responsive to these issues will be described and illustrated by a detailed case study.
Schizophrenia: Current Research and Critical Issues. Schizophrenia is defined by positive symptoms (hallucinations and delusions), disorganised speech and behavior, negative symptoms (affective flattening, abolition, etc.) and different cultures significant impairment of psychosocial functioning. While it has been considered a uniformly chronic and progressively debilitating disorder, recent long-term outcome studies suggest the course and outcome of schizophrenia is quite varied and that outcomes can be significantly influenced by high school essay, medications and psychosocial interventions (Carpenter Strauss, 1991; McGlashan, 1988). Schizophrenia is also characterised by cognitive, psychophysiological, interpersonal and coping skills deficits that result in marked vulnerability to stress (Rolzman, 1987; Seidman, 1984; Zubin, 1986). Around. Stress, coping and the individual's response to his or her disorder significantly influence the severity of disability in schizophrenia. Relapse is frequent and there are identifiable prodromal symptoms and stages of decompensation that involve problems in affective regulation and management of stress (Herz, 1985, 1989). Relapse has been specifically associated with stressful life events (Luckoff, Snyder, Ventura, Nucchterlein, 1984) stressful interactions with family members (Leff Vaughn, 1985), and overstimulating residential and treatment environments (Cournous, 1987; Drake Sederer, 1986).
Previous research has suggested identification of prodromal symptoms and early intervention can be effective in help homework, reducing relapse (Herz, Glazer, Mirza, Mostert, Hafez, 1989). There are also discrete phases in the process of recovery that need to different cultures around the world essay, be understood in treatment of schizophrenia in order to help, not precipitate decompensation due to overly aggressive rehabilitation efforts (Breier Strauss, 1983; Carr, 1983; Neuchterlein; 1992; Strauss, 1989). Numerous authors have reported that intensive rehabilitation attempts precipitated relapse in first 6 months of treatment (Drake Sederer, 1986; Hogarty et al., 1991; Lin, Kett, Caffey, 1980). While it is commonly accepted that the the world essay experience of self is impaired in schizophrenia, there has been limited focus on the subjective experience of doing algebra, persons with schizophrenia (Bradshaw Brekke, in different around the world, review; Strauss Estroff, 1989). Strauss (1989) has highlighted the need to focus on the interaction between the person and his disorder: how the person's goals, feelings regarding illness and self and ways of managing affect the course of the master copenhagen school disorder and cultures vice versa. Similarly, Estroff (1989) has emphasized that focusing on the impact on the self of the person with schizophrenia is critical for treatment of high school argumentative, schizophrenia. Assessment and treatment focused primarily on symptoms and psychosocial functioning while important is incomplete. Instead, as Strauss (1989) has stated, attention to life trajectories, personal goals, characteristic approaches to regulating one's life. is essential. These findings regarding illness-specific deficits in schizophrenia suggest a conceptual and empirical foundation for the development of CBT with schizophrenia. They highlight the around essay need for high school argumentative, (I) specific coping skills that help the cultures the world essay client modify environmental stresses, change perceptions and interpretations of events, reduce physiological arousal and manage affect, and (2) focus on the interaction of the illness and the person. Enhancement of the client's ability to cope with stress and manage affect is essential to prevent relapse and improve functional agility.
Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment and Schizophrenia. Previous CBT with schizophrenic clients has focused primarily on modification of hallucinations and delusions. Several studies describe positive results with the use of graded, nonconfrontational examination of evidence and the development of alternative explanations to modify the strength of hallucinations and delusions and to increase control of these symptoms (Beck, 1952; Chadwick Lowe, 1994; Fowler Marley, 1989; Hartman Cashman, 1983; Holel, Rush, Beck, 1979; Lowe Chadwick, 1990; Milton, Patwa, Hafuer, 1978; Rudden, Gilmore, Frances, 1982; Tarrier et al., 1993; Watts, Powele, Austin, 1973). Others have described the thesis statement for why technology is good use of different cultures around, CBT as an adjunctive therapy in residential and inpatient treatment settings. Kingdom and Turkington (1991, 1994) describe the for why technology use of a destigmatising, normalising rationale to explain symptom emergence and management to clients. Their results suggest that these methods resulted in reduced levels of symptomatology, hospitalisations and improved social adjustment. Perris (1988, 1992) reports successful use of cognitive milieu treatment with patients living in around essay, group homes in Sweden. In a single subject design study of the CBT of four persons with schizophrenia who participated in outpatient treatment, Bradshaw (1997) found that clients experienced considerable reduction in symptomatology, rehospitalisations and improvement in psychosocial functioning and attainment of treatment goals that were maintained at help 1-year follow-up.
Taken as a whole this literature suggests the potential usefulness of different around the world, CBT with schizophrenic clients. However, these initial clinical findings are limited due to significant methodological problems: some have described relatively brief periods of experimental treatment with brief follow-up; others lack designs that control for the multiple treatments clients received in inpatient settings; most lack standardised measures of outcome and of guns essay provide limited posttreatment data. In addition, there has been little comprehensive application of CBT to the multiple problems of different cultures around, schizophrenic clients over the long-term course of the disorder. Studies of the doing algebra homework treatment process and cultures around the world outcome of CBT with schizophrenic clients are few and need further replication. Master Thesis Copenhagen Business School. This case study describes a model of different cultures around essay, CBT that is responsive to the unique issues of persons with schizophrenia, delineates the use of CBT strategies in the three year outpatient treatment of a schizophrenic client and provides outcome and follow up data at one year post treatment.
CASE DESCRIPTION AND CONCEPTUALIZATION. Carol is a 26-year-old single White female. She is school argumentative, a high school graduate and completed 1 year of college. She was raised in an upper-middle-class family where academic and career success were extremely important as was their conservative Christian faith. Different Around. She was the third of nonfiction, five children. Carol was a good student, hard working and somewhat self-critical. She was shy but had several friends and dated occasionally. After graduation from high school Carol went out of state to college.
She received passing grades her first year but began to experience auditory hallucinations and delusions. She began to act in cultures around, bizarre ways and withdrew from people. She was hospitalised at age 18 for 1 month and dropped out of college. In the past 7 years she has been hospitalised 12 tunes. She has been unable to work and was supported by of guns, SSI. There was no history of essay, psychiatric illness in the family. Her family was supportive of her financially. Carol was discharged from a psychiatric hospital after 2 months of inpatient treatment. Her diagnosis was schizophrenia, undifferentiated type, chronic. In America. Her Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) at discharge was 30.
She lived with her parents and cultures the world was on for why technology is good SSI. Different Cultures Essay. She took 500 mg of thorazine daily and was medication compliant. Carol was referred by her psychiatrist for ongoing psychotherapy as part of her discharge plan to help her adapt to the demands of community living and manage her illness. Cognitively she experienced auditory persecutory hallucinations and delusions as well as frequent cognitions like, I'm no good, I can't do anything, I'll always be this way. Argumentative Essay. Affectively she had flat affect and anxiety related to interpersonal situations and tasks and the content of the hallucinations and delusions.
Interpersonally she was withdrawn and socially isolated. Behaviourally she was inactive, unable to work or live independently. Her basic self-care was severely limited. Carol's psychosocial functioning was significantly impaired by the interaction of different cultures around, her illness and mark her methods of coping. The hallucinations, delusions and cognitions interfered with her functioning. Her coping methods of avoidant behavior toward tasks and interpersonal situations and the increase in negative symptoms (apathy, avolition, anhedonia) to deal with stress in around the world essay, turn increased anxiety, negative cognitions and psychotic symptoms. Four outcome variables were used in this study: symptomatology, psychosocial functioning, attainment of treatment goals and hospitalisations. Symptomatology was measured by the Global Pathology Index (GPI) of the Hopkins Psychiatric Rating Scale (Derogatis, 1974). The GPI is an 8-point behaviourally anchored scale that describes severity of symptoms.
Psychosocial functioning was measured by the Role Functioning Scale (RFS) (McPheeters, 1988). RFS is made up of four subscales: work, social, family and independent living subscales. Each scale is a 7-point behaviourally anchored scale. The RFS and GPI are rater-based scales. Hospitalisation was measured by the number of times hospitalised and total days in design technology, hospital. Attainment of treatment goals was measured by Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) (Kiresuk Sherman, 1968). Around Essay. In GAS behavioural descriptions of functioning for various levels of goal achievement are developed and scored with the thesis copenhagen business school client. A score ranging from -2 (regression in goal attainment) through 0 (attainment of goal) to +2 (exceeds standards) is given for the world, each goal based on the client's attainment. The GPI, RFS and hospitalisation data were independently obtained by the case manager on design technology extended essay a quarterly basis throughout the 3-year treatment period and at 6 months and 1-year follow-up.
GAS was used as a pretest-post-test assessment of overall accomplishment of treatment goals. THERAPIST CLIENT JOINING. The development of a therapeutic relationship is cultures around, critically important in work with persons with schizophrenia (Frank Guncerson, 1990; Lamb, 1982). Rapport took some time to develop (approximately 3 months) and was established by consistent use of the core conditions of genuineness, respect and high argumentative essay accurate empathy. The worker was directive, active, friendly and used feedback, containment of feelings, reality testing and self-disclosure to develop the different cultures around the world real relationship and lessen transferential problems.
For example, Carol had enjoyed playing softball and had been an avid baseball fan. When the therapist shared that he had similar interests it became a regular point of conversation and strengthened their connection. Self-disclosure was also used to normalise situations and promote discussion of real life difficulties. Length of sessions were determined by the client's capacity at the moment and would range from 15 minutes to help, an hour or more. The therapist and client frequently went for walks during the cultures around the world sessions when Carol was agitated or lethargic. The goals of this phase were to high argumentative essay, develop the therapeutic alliance regarding the rationale of treatment, to facilitate the client's understanding of the the world essay process of cognitive-behavioural treatment and to establish agreement about treatment goals. This phase of treatment (approximately 2 months) involved the high school essay therapist taking an active role educating the different the world essay client about schizophrenia and the process of treatment. History. The normalising destigmatising procedure described by Kingdom Turkington (1991, 1994) was used to different cultures the world, explain the experience of thesis for why, schizophrenia. This rationale emphasizes the biological vulnerability to stress of individuals with schizophrenia and the importance of identifying stresses and improving methods of coping with stress in order to minimise disabilities associated with schizophrenia. The ABC model (Ellis, 1970) was used to teach the cognitive view and process of treatment.
Issues from the client's daily life were used to different around the world essay, highlight the cognitive components of feeling and behavior. The therapist and client would label the A (activating event) and C (the emotional consequence) of an emotional episode and the therapist would help the client figure out possible self- statements (B) that could have led to the emotional consequence or that would lead to other emotional responses. It was initially difficult for Carol to do this in school argumentative, times of stress or when applying the ABC model to significantly loaded situations. The ABC model was reinforced by use of empathic reflective comments that highlighted the cognitive underpinnings of the situation. Frequent repetition and personal examples from the therapist were helpful in her gaining a reasonable understanding of the cognitive model over a period of 3 months. EARLY PHASE OF TREATMENT. The focus of the early phase of different cultures the world, treatment (approximately 12 months) was on her inactivity and her difficulty managing stress and anxiety. Carol would spend much of her time in bed, watching TV and smoking. When she would consider doing some activity or was requested by her parents to do something, she would become anxious and hallucinations and delusions would increase.
She would think that the task was too much for essays mark, her and would withdraw to different cultures around essay, her room. Essays. She coped with the different around the world essay stress of her symptoms by technology, apathy and withdrawal. The weekly activity schedule (Beck, 1984) was useful in helping her cope with the loss of structure she experienced after leaving the hospital and the symptoms she experienced. Using a blank calendar Carol recorded her activities in three time blocks: morning, afternoon and evening. She and the therapist reviewed the the world activities to identify what things improved or exacerbated her condition and to help Carol understand her reactions to different events.
Behavioral assignments using a graded hierarchy of small tasks were used to increase her activity level. Initial focus was on daily living skills (self-care, cooking, cleaning, time management). Exploration of previous interests and the use of an high school interest inventory were helpful in stimulating her interests and expanding the range of her activities. She had previous experience in arts and crafts and began to different cultures around the world essay, do paint by number paintings. This was followed by learning macram and argumentative adding other activities such as bowling that could be done with other people. Mastery and pleasure ratings were later assigned to activities to evaluate the benefits of the activities and to identify cognitive distortions that minimised her sense of accomplishment and pleasure. Stress management skills were developed in three ways. First, a variety of relaxation methods were discussed and cultures the world essay Carol expressed an interest in meditation.
The therapist taught her meditation (Bensen, Carol, 1974) and they practised meditation for short periods in essay, each session. She gradually established a regular meditation practice twice daily for 15 minutes. Second, she was assisted to identify her personal signs of stress and symptoms of relapse. Around The World Essay. These were organised as low, medium and high signs on her stress thermometer. She posted the thermometer on her door and recorded her stress temperature each day. As she recognised signs of stress she would meditate briefly as a coping response to stress. Third, habitual stress situations were defined and master meditation was used to cope with anticipated stressful events. The major cognitive theme that emerged in this phase was Carol's faulty attributions related to self-efficacy. She significantly underestimated or overestimated her ability to control others, events in the world and her own behavior. Around Essay. The process of faulty attributions resulted in her ongoing negative beliefs regarding her own efficacy. High. Thoughts like I can't do it; nothing I do can change it; I have no control over cultures essay things predominated in the early stages of treatment and were a major target of behavioural treatment using graded task assignment.
During this period Carol's symptoms lessened and her functioning, especially independent living skills, improved and she moved into an apartment by herself. She bad also developed skills in nonfiction essays mark, identifying and coping with stress and different cultures around the world had experienced some increased sense of self-efficacy. This phase (approximately 16 months) emphasized identification of habitual stressful situations and cognitions and utilization of cognitive strategies to cope with them. Three major areas of statement is good, cognitive work emerged: dealing with social situations, the impact of schizophrenia on Carol's sense of self and fears of relapse. Social situations were a major source of stress. Different Cultures Around The World. Social interaction is business, a well-documented source of stress for schizophrenic clients (Wing, 1983). Many problems in social relations were due to errors in social perceptions of self and others.
Carol frequently had problems reading social cues and would interpret them by overgeneralising, personalising, and selective abstraction. She was trained to check it out by identifying automatic thoughts, evaluating evidence, exploring alternative explanations and generating new coping self-statements to replace the the world essay automatic thoughts (Beck Weishaar, 1989; Burns, 1980). In cognitive work it was more effective to focus on Carol's distortions of events and interactions rather than on underlying schemes and irrational beliefs. This was done because of initial deficiencies in introspection and logical reasoning and her frequent use of denial and projection. Statement Technology. Similarly, hallucinations and delusions were not directly challenged, but were interpreted as reactions to stress, personal or interpersonal concerns. The focus was on the context triggering these symptoms rather than on their content.
She was assisted to develop skills in checking it out and identifying the difference between confirmable and perceived reality in order to develop more realistic ways of interpreting events (Waler, DiGiuessepe, Wessler, 1980). Social skills deficits specific to different, stressful social situations were assessed by role-play with the therapist and social skills training was provided to technology extended, improve coping in interpersonal situations. Two social skills deficits were addressed. Cultures The World Essay. These included expressing feelings and assertiveness. Specific and reoccurring stressful situations were identified and plans made for positive coping responses.
Cognitive coping skills were developed by collaborative empiricism, guided discovery, cognitive modelling, rehearsal, role-play and technology extended homework assignments. Carol took a class at the community college, began to go out weekly with a friend and worked 10 hours a week as a volunteer at a food shelf. With increased interaction with people she experienced heightened anxiety and paranoia. This was worked on behaviourally by planning activities in a way that ensured she had a sufficient balance of different cultures around, time alone and time with others and by the use of planned regression in which Carol would take a day off in which she stayed in her apartment and had no contact with others. Fears of Relapse. As Carol made major progress in thesis for why technology is good, various areas of different the world, her life, she frequently experienced anxiety, fears and hopelessness regarding relapse. Help Doing Algebra Homework. She would experience anxiety, fatigue or depression that was of a low level and within normal limits and interpret them as I'm going crazy. Different Around The World. Her experience of vulnerability and issues of low frustration tolerance, overgeneralising and catastrophising contributed to technology extended, this problem. Fears of relapse were dealt with in several ways. First, education about her illness and interpretation of her experiences as normal responses to stress helped her understand and normalise her experience. Second, preventive actions were taken that focused on reviewing her stress thermometer, schedule of different cultures the world essay, activities, sleep patterns, exercise, diet and level of stimulation in master business, order to protect against relapse.
Third, fears were examined using Socratic questioning, examining evidence and alternative explanations. (Padesky, 1993). Impact on the Self. As Carol became more confident of her stability and experienced success in her life, she began to talk about the different essay impact of schizophrenia on her sense of self. Living with schizophrenia impacted her in two major ways: limited self- concept and low self-esteem. Given the early onset, severe disability and long-term nature of her illness, Carol had a limited self-concept, primarily, I'm just a mental patient. This limited and negative view of herself was worked with by master, examining evidence that supported other roles she currently was performing, e.g., student, friend, employee and by exploring other areas of life interests including travel, skiing and her desire to get married. Carol's self-esteem was also impaired by frequent self-criticism and negative comparison to other non-ill individuals.
Selective perception and attributions of negatives to oneself and positives to different, others were common. Because individuals with schizophrenia have exceptionally negative and distorted appraisals of themselves and design events (Robey, Cohen Gara, 1989; Warner, Taylor, Powers, Hyman, 1989; Wilson, Diamond, Factor, 1990), a cognitive technique, PSOB, pat self on back, was developed by the author to train clients to more positively appraise situations and themselves (Bradshaw, 1997, 1996). Carol was trained to identify three positive events in her life each day, no matter how minor the event may be. She then generated a list of positive words and qualities which described the event and identified positive qualities in themselves that were associated with the event. PSOB was very useful as a daily exercise to around the world, promote positive self- appraisal and enhance self-esteem. Two major tasks were addressed in this phase (approximately 3 months): dealing with thoughts and feelings regarding ending treatment and developing plans to maintain treatment gains. Several techniques were used to facilitate maintenance of change. First, a review was done of stresses, signs of stress and effective coping strategies.
Second, these were written down on cue cards and reviewed each day by the client. Third, a 3-month termination plan was developed. Thesis Technology Is Good. The plan included agreed upon procedures to different cultures around the world essay, handle emergencies, gradual reduction of sessions, planned phone contact and high school argumentative booster sessions. Data indicated that Carol experienced improvement in psychosocial functioning, achievement of goals, reduction of symptomatology and number of hospitalisations that were maintained at 6 months and I-year follow-up (cf. Table I) Regarding psychosocial functioning she showed major improvements in work, independent living, social and family relations. The summed subscale scores of the RFS provided an overall psychosocial functioning score. RFS score of 6 at baseline indicated severely impaired functioning in all areas. Her score of 27 at the conclusion of the study indicated major improvements in psychosocial functioning: relationships with family and friends, ability to independently manage personal and household tasks and performance of school, employment or household tasks.
Symptomatology as measured by GPI was reduced. Carol's baseline score of 7 indicated severe levels of symptomatology including inappropriate mood, hallucinations and delusions, impaired judgement, disorganised conceptual processes, disabilities in volitional and motor areas and inability to care for self and risk to self. Variables Pretest 1 2 3 6 mos 1 yr. Psychosocial 6 11 19 27 27 27. Symptomatology (GPI) 7 6 4 1 1 1. Hospital Days* 60 0 0 0 0 0.
Goal Attainment (GAS)19.85 80.15 80.15. *In the 3-month period prior to different the world, beginning CBT. At the conclusion of the study her GPI score of 1 indicated only master thesis business slight impairment. There were few symptoms present and little distress was reported by her. Around Essay. Interpersonal functioning was relatively unimpaired and affect and thesis for why is good cognition were within normal limits. The Goal Attainment score was calculated by summing the scale score values and using the GAS conversion key for different around, equally weighted scales to determine the argumentative GAS score. Different Cultures The World. A score of 50.00 represents the expected level of goal attainment in this measure. Carol's pre-treatment score was 19.85. Her posttreatment GAS score of 80.15 indicated significant attainment of treatment goals beyond that expected.
Examples of treatment goals accomplished include clinical and socially important tasks such as improved daily living skills, living independently, developing social support systems, returning to school and obtaining employment. Carol had no psychiatric rehospitalisation in of guns in america, the 4-year study period. This compares favourably to her extensive history of hospitalisations prior to treatment and to the national average rehospitalisation rate of different cultures the world essay, 35%-50% (Anthony, Cohen, Vitalo, 1978). This case study of the 3-year supportive CBT of technology, a woman with schizophrenia found major improvements in psychosocial functioning, attainment of treatment goals, reduction of symptomatology and cultures around essay hospitalisations that were maintained at one year follow-up. History. This suggests the essay potential effectiveness of CBT interventions in treatment of the multidimensional nature of help doing algebra homework, problems facing individuals with schizophrenia. Replication of this study by other clinician researchers and additional testing of this model in community support settings are needed to establish the utility of CBT of different cultures around, schizophrenia. The model presented expands the use of CBT with persons with schizophrenia from the homework focus on brief treatment of delusions and hallucinations to the multiple problems experienced by clients over the course of cultures the world essay, recovery from the disorder. The model, which is grounded in recent research regarding schizophrenia, is a beginning attempt to identify treatment issues and apply specific interventions to stages of treatment and the process of high argumentative, recovery in schizophrenia.
While models of cognitive bias, themes and schemes have been identified with other disorders, little work has been done in this area with persons with schizophrenia. Several significant cognitive themes were identified in cultures the world essay, this client that became important areas of treatment. These themes are similar to Young's impaired autonomy and performance schemas (Young, 1994). Future research regarding schemas in schizophrenia could be useful in identifying cognitive processes that impact functioning in schizophrenia. This study also highlights the importance of understanding the impact of schizophrenia on the self and argumentative the unique process of change in schizophrenia (Strauss, 1989). Strauss has highlighted the importance of studying the cultures around the world interaction between the person and the disorder in order to understand and treat schizophrenia. Specifically the of guns interaction around life trajectories and personal goals is critical in exacerbating and maintaining pathology as well as driving improvement.
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