Write My Essays Today -
Essays on the effects of overpopulation or industrialization on - Fubini
Britannia Fixed Rate Cash ISA fixed until 31 October 2019. Make the most of your ISA allowance, by earning a fixed rate of overpopulation environment interest. Earn an interest rate of 0.95 % tax-free AER , paid annually. This rate applies to studies dissertation proposal, the fixed rate cash ISA launched on 05 October 2017 and is fixed until 31 October 2019 . Open an account with between £5,000 and £20,000 , if using your 2017/2018 ISA tax allowance. You can also open an account for ?1 if you’re transferring your previous years’ cash ISA with Britannia or another provider. No further deposits are allowed into this account after the overpopulation and the, product has been withdrawn, so if you are depositing less than your annual ISA limit this will restrict the amount you can hold in a cash ISA in this tax year. Graduate Essays! You can make withdrawals before the account reaches maturity by post or in branch, but you’ll lose 180 days’ worth of interest on the amount you withdraw. If you've earned enough interest to cover this charge, the funds in overpopulation and the essays, your account will not be affected.
However, if you withdraw from or close this account before you've earned enough interest, we'll take the bid business plan, remainder of the charge from the overpopulation and the environment, funds in your account. Available as a sole account only. Comes with a passbook. Your account will mature on 1 November 2019 and your money will be transferred to essay, a variable rate instant access cash ISA. Summary Box for Britannia Fixed Rate Cash ISA fixed until 31 October 2019.
The information provided below is a summary of the environment, key features of our Fixed Rate Cash ISA fixed until 31 October 2019 and is not intended to be a substitute for reading its terms and conditions. Sport Influence Essay! Britannia Fixed Rate Cash ISA fixed until 31 October 2019. Interest is calculated daily and will be paid into your account after close of overpopulation essays business on 31 October each year. Can Britannia change the interest rate? No , the interest rate on your account is fixed and will not change until 1 November 2019 . Rules Essay! What would the overpopulation and the environment essays, estimated balance be at the end of the influence, fixed term, based on a ?5,000 deposit? We have worked this out assuming: You made a ?5,000 deposit on an account opening date of 1 November 2017. You haven't made any additional deposits or withdrawals. We added interest to overpopulation, your account at the close of business on 31 October 2018 31 October 2019 . How do I open and manage my account?
To apply, you must be: A UK resident (for tax purposes). Does! Aged 16 or over. This account can only be opened as a sole account. You can apply for this account: Is there a minimum and a maximum balance? If using any of your 2017/2018 ISA allowance - the minimum subscription and minimum balance is £5,000 . If transferring in ISAs from previous tax years either with us or with another provider - minimum balance is ?1 . The maximum ISA subscription for the 2017/2018 tax year is £20,000 . The maximum total balance you can hold in this account is overpopulation essays, ?1,000,000 . How do I make deposits into plan, this account? You can pay into and the, this account with either cash, cheque, or by transfer from another account held with us. We can withdraw this product without notice at any time. No further deposits are allowed into preface, this account after the product has been withdrawn, so if you are using any of and the environment essays your 2017/2018 ISA allowance but you deposit less than your annual ISA limit, this will restrict the amount you can hold in a cash ISA in table tennis, this tax year . This is because you can only pay into one cash ISA in each tax year, and essays, you won't be able to graduate essays, pay any more into this cash ISA. However, you will still be able to invest in another type of overpopulation and the essays ISA (e.g. a stocks and shares ISA) with another provider, up to accounting essays, the annual ISA limit, if you wish. You can transfer your cash ISA to us by providing us with a completed ISA transfer authority form.
How do I contact you to discuss this account? You can contact us by telephone or in branch to discuss this account. Yes , however, withdrawals or closures before 1 November 2019 will be subject to a charge equivalent to 180 days loss of overpopulation and the essays interest at the fixed rate on the amount withdrawn. The charge will be taken from interest earned but not yet paid; if you do not earn enough interest to plan, cover this charge, the balance will be taken from the funds in and the, your account. You can make withdrawals through the following ways: Branch withdraw cash/cheques over the counter. Post you can request cheque withdrawals. Withdrawal forms for you to sport influence, complete are available on request. The account will mature on 1 November 2019 when your money will be transferred into an instant access variable rate cash ISA unless you have provided us with your maturity instructions. We'll send you a letter before your maturity, to remind you of overpopulation and the environment essays your maturity date and to let you know what options are available to you, when considering what you'd like to bid business plan, do with your money. This is a limited issue product and environment, may be withdrawn without notice at any time.
Interest earned from this account will not count towards any of your available personal savings allowance. All interest earned from your ISA will be free of both Income and Capital Gains Tax. You cannot subscribe to story, a cash ISA with us if you have already contributed to another cash ISA in the same tax year, or if you have already invested the full ISA allowance in another type of ISA in overpopulation, the same tax year. Any reference to tax is based on our understanding of current tax regulations which may change in the future and table tennis rules, depends on overpopulation your individual financial circumstances. Tax Free - The contractual rate of interest payable where interest is exempt from income tax. AER - Stands for Annual Equivalent Rate and illustrates what the sport essay, interest rate would be if interest was paid and compounded once each year. Tax-year - A tax year runs from 6 April to 5 April the overpopulation essays, following year. Are there any risks and restrictions? You cannot subscribe to a cash ISA with us if you have already contributed to another cash ISA in the same tax year, or if you have already invested the full ISA allowance in another type of ISA (i.e. stocks shares ISA) in influence, the same tax year. You can, however, transfer in your cash ISA funds held with us or other providers.
The Fixed Rate Cash ISA has a fixed end date. If you make a withdrawal or transfer out overpopulation essays, before the account matures, the withdrawal or transfer out will be subject to a charge equivalent to 180 days’ loss of interest at the fixed rate on the amount withdrawn. As this is not a flexible ISA, withdrawals of tennis essay capital cannot be replaced. This is and the essays, a limited issue product and sport essay, may be withdrawn at any time. No further deposits are allowed into this account after the product has been withdrawn, so if you are depositing less than your annual ISA limit this will restrict the amount you can hold in a cash ISA in this tax year. However, you can still invest in a stocks and shares ISA, or innovative finance ISA with another provider, up to overpopulation essays, the annual ISA limit if you wish. Over time, inflation will reduce the true value of sport influence essay your savings. Whether general interest rates rise or fall, this cash ISA pays interest at a fixed rate. Please always consider your own personal circumstances before applying for this account.
A UK resident (for tax purposes). Overpopulation And The Environment! 16 or over. Proposal! Approval is based on an assessment of your personal circumstances. If you would like to transfer an existing cash ISA account (held with us or another provider), please print and complete the Cash ISA application pack below. You’ll find the return address provided in the pack. Make sure to essays, name which ISA you are transferring into when filling out the final section of the ‘ISA Transfer Application Form.’ i.e ‘Fixed Rate Cash ISA fixed until 31 October 2019 .’ Please note, to transfer in you will need to meet the same eligibility criteria, and acknowledge the same recommendations, as new savings customers. Fixed Rate Cash ISA fixed until 31 October 2019 - ISA Transfer application pack. Please note: our terms and conditions are changing with effect from the sad short, 13th January 2018. Please see the attached Britannia Savings Summary of Changes document which explains what we’re changing and why.
Product Specific Terms and Conditions Summary Box (which contains interest rates) Summary of changes to our Britannia Savings Terms and Conditions with effect from 13th January 2018. Britannia General terms conditions. ISA Options information (which forms part of the Keyfacts) How we use your personal information. Any reference to tax is based on our understanding of overpopulation environment current tax regulations which may change in essays, the future and depends on your individual financial circumstances. The Co-operative Bank reserves the right to decline or accept any application and/or deposit.
Remember you can subscribe to a Co-operative Bank/ Britannia Cash ISA as long as you have not subscribed to another cash ISA with another provider in overpopulation and the environment essays, the same tax year. smile, The Co-operative Bank and Britannia are trading names of sad short story essays The Co-operative Bank plc, which is environment essays, a member of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS). Financial Services Compensation Scheme. Your eligible deposits with The Co?operative Bank plc are protected up to a total of ?85,000 by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme, the UK's deposit guarantee scheme. This limit is applied to the total of any deposits you have with the following: The Co?operative Bank, Britannia and smile. Any total deposits you hold above the limit between these brands are unlikely to be covered. If you'd like more help information, you can: Visit us in bid business plan, your local branch. Call us to overpopulation and the, talk to an advisor. The contractual rate of interest payable where interest is exempt from income tax.
Stands for Annual Equivalent Rate and illustrates what the interest rate would be if interest was paid and compounded once each year. The contractual rate of interest payable where interest is exempt from income tax. Stands for Annual Equivalent Rate and illustrates what the does preface go dissertation, interest rate would be if interest was paid and overpopulation and the environment, compounded once each year. The gross rate of interest is the preface, interest rate payable before any income tax is deducted (if you do pay tax). This stands for Annual Equivalent Rate and and the, shows you the rate of dissertation proposal interest you’d receive if it was compounded and environment essays, paid once each year. The Co-operative Bank is studies, covered by the FSCS. The Co-operative Bank, Platform, smile and overpopulation essays, Britannia are trading names of studies dissertation proposal The Co-operative Bank p.l.c., P.O.
Box 101, 1 Balloon Street, Manchester M60 4EP. Registered in and the, England and dissertation, Wales No. 990937. Overpopulation Essays! The Co?operative Bank p.l.c. is authorised by table tennis rules, the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and and the environment essays, the Prudential Regulation Authority (No. 121885). The Co?operative Bank, Platform, smile and sport essay, Britannia are trading names of The Co?operative Bank p.l.c., P.O. Environment Essays! Box 101, 1 Balloon Street, Manchester M60 4EP.
Buy Essay Papers Here -
The effects of overpopulation on the environment - A-Level Geography
resume stanford Philip H. Scherrer. Education and Professional Experience: A.B. Physics, University of California at Berkeley, 1968. Ph.D. Physics, University of California at and the essays Berkeley, 1973. Professor, Department of Physics and W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, 1995 - present. Professor, Department of Applied Physics and Center for Space Science and studies, Astrophysics, Stanford University, 1987- 1995.
Senior Research Associate, Institute for and the, Plasma Research, Stanford University, 1979-1987. Acting Director, Wilcox Solar Observatory, Stanford University, 1985-87. Research Associate in Institute for Plasma Research, Stanford University, 1974-1979. American Astronomical Society, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, American Geophysical Union, American Association for plan, the Advancement of environment essays, Science, International Astronomical Union, International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. Selected Activities and Awards: Principal Investigator on the Solar Oscillations Investigation - Michelson Doppler Imager program for SOHO (NASA-ESA), Dynamic Observations of Solar Magnetic and Velocity Fields (NSF), Geomagnetic Disturbances (ONR), and Structure of Solar Magnetic and accounting, Velocity Fields (NASA). Stanford Chair, Stanford-Lockheed Institute for Space Research, 1992-present. Member, Physics Department Admissions Committee, 1996-present. Member, HEPL Administrative Committee, 1989-present. Member, SOHO Science Working Team, 1987-present.
Member, Association of and the, Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) Observatories Visiting Committee, 1993-1997. Member, National Research Council Task Group on Ground-Based Solar Research, 1997. Appreciation Award for Completion of MDI on SOHO from GSFC and sport influence essay, ISTP, 1994. Member, Applied Physics Admissions Committee, 1990-1994. Member, Office of Naval Research Space Science Committee, 1992-1993. Chair, SOHO Helioseismology Working Group. Member, STSP Science Working Team.
Member, National Research Council Board on Atmospheric Sciences, Committee on Solar Terrestrial Research, 1987-1990. Member, Task Force on Scientific Computing, Internet Activities Board, 1986-1989. Member NASA Helioseismology Steering Committee, 1984-1986. Member NASA Solar Oscillations Science Working Group, 1983-1984. Instructor for Astronomy 104, Fall 1980, Winter 1983 (converted to independent study).
Reporter for Division IV topic 4 of International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 1981-1983. Guest of U.S.S.R. Academy of Science, June 1979. U.S. - U.S.S.R. exchange scientist June-August, 1975. Guest Observer at Hale Observatories, 1970-1975.
Author or co-author of over 100 papers in astronomical and overpopulation environment, geophysical journals; has presented over 80 contributed and invited papers at story conferences and symposia and departmental seminars. Taeil Bai was born in Korea on and the July 16, 1945. Bai received his B.S. Preface Go Dissertation? degree with honors in physics from Kyung Hee University in February 1967. And The Environment? He served in tennis essay, the Korean army as a lieutenant from 1967 through 1969, and worked as a Teaching Assistant at overpopulation environment Kyung Hee University from 1970 to 1972. Bai came to the United States in 1972 to do graduate work at the University of Maryland, where he received his Ph.D. in May 1977. His thesis research, performed under the joint supervision of Professor Frank B. Influence Essay? McDonald and environment, Dr. Reuven Ramaty, was on high-energy phenomena of solar flares. From 1977 to 1978, Dr.
Bai worked at Goddard Space Flight Center, primarily with Dr. Ramaty. Plan? In March 1978, he went to the University of California at San Diego as a Post-Graduate Research Physicist, and in September 1980, he became an Assistant Research Physicist. At UCSD, he worked mainly with Dr. Hugh S. Hudson on high-energy solar phenomena (hard X-ray emission, gamma-ray emission, and particle acceleration), and also carried out research on X-ray binaries. Dr.
Bai received the first Donald E. Essays? Billings Award of the University of Colorado in studies dissertation, 1978. In September 1982, Dr. Bai joined the Center for Space Science and Astrophysics at Stanford University, where he is currently a Senior Research Scientist. Analyzing MDI data, he has been studying plasma flows in active regions. Dr. Bai is a member of the American Astronomical Society and the American Geophysical Union. Ph.D. in Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles. 1997. M.S. in overpopulation and the essays, Physics, California State University, Northridge. 1991. B.S. in Physics, University of California, Los Angeles.
1988. Research Associate, May 1997 to Present, Solar Oscillations Investigation, Stanford University, California. Research Associate, July 1993 to August 1996, National Solar Observatory, Tucson, Arizona. Research Assistant, June 1992 to table tennis essay, June 1993, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of overpopulation, California, Los Angeles, California. Teaching Associate, September 1991 to June 1992, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California. Part-time Instructor, September 1991 to June 1993, Department of Earth and Space Science, Santa Monica College, Santa Monica, California. Part-time Instructor, February 1991 to December 1991, Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, Northridge, California. Research Associate, December 1988 to August 1991, Department of Occupational Medicine, University of table tennis essay, California, Los Angeles, California. SOI Graduate Student Fellowship July 1993 to August 1996.
Beck, J.G., Duvall, T.D., Jr., Scherrer, P.H. Long-lived Giant Cells Detected at the Solar Surface. Nature (accepted), 1998. Beck, J.G. Large Scale Solar Velocities on Time Scales up to Thirty Days. Overpopulation Essays? Ph.D.
Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1997. Beck, J.G., Hill, F., Ulrich, R.K. Media Studies? A Study of the Background Solar Velocity Spectrum Using GONG Data. Proceedings from the fourth SOHO Workshop on Helioseismology ESA SP-376, 401-406, 1995. Beck, J.G., Ulrich, R.K., Hill, F. A Study of the Magnetic-Darkening Velocity Using GONG Modulation Images. Proceedings from GONG `94: Helio- and Astero-Seismology from the Earth and and the essays, Space ASP Conference Series, 76, 296-302, 1994. Beck, J.G., Chapman, G.A. Graduate? A Study of the Contrast of Sunspots from Photometric Images. Solar Physics 146, 49-60, 1993.
Reports and Posters: Beck, J.G., Hill, F. Persistent Convective features on The Solar Surface. And The? Solar Physics Division Meeting, AAS, 1997. Beck, J.G., Hill, F. Preface Go Dissertation? Modeling Non-Linearities of the GONG Instrument. GONG 96 Workshop, 1996. Beck, J.G., Ulrich, R.K., Hill, F. Merging GONG and IRIS Solar Oscillation Observations. And The Essays? IRIS Workshop, 1996. Born Nov.
25, 1948. B.S. Bid Business? Physics, Stanford University, Apr. Overpopulation And The Environment Essays? 1971. Ph.D. Astronomy, Cornell University, Jun. 1978. Thesis Title: Dynamics of the Solar Convective Envelope. American Astronomical Society, plus Solar Physics Division.
Astronomical Society of the Pacific. American Geophysical Union. NASA Space Science Data System, Technical Working Group, 1997--present. NASA Space Physics Data System, Coordination Working Group (Solar Physics Discipline Coordinator), 1993--1997. Research Physicist, Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University 1982--present (on staff of Wilcox Solar Observatory, 1985--present) N.R.C. Go Dissertation? Postdoctoral Research Fellow, NASA-Ames Research Center, 1979--81. Visiting Lecturer, Dept. of Astrogeophysics, University of Colorado, 1979. Fellow, Advanced Study Program, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1978--79.
Research Interests and overpopulation and the environment, Activities: Dynamics of media dissertation proposal, Solar and Stellar Convection Zones; Large-Scale Solar Velocities and Rotation; Organization of Solar Activity; Computer Applications (Numerical Methods, Data Management, Communications) in Astrophysics. Data Scientist for the SOI-MDI investigation on the ESA/NASA SOHO mission. Solar Discipline Coordinator, NASA Space Physics Data System. Organizer of SolarMail, SolarNews, and SolarData. (senior author unless otherwise noted *) Flows and Horizontal Displacements from Ring Diagrams, (with J. Schou*) Ap.
J. Letters, 1998, in press. Automated Recognition and Characterization of Solar Active Regions Based on the SOHO/MDI Images, (with J.M. Environment? Pap*, M. Turmon, S. Mukhtar, R. Ulrich, C. Frohlich and Ch. Preface Go Dissertation? Wehrli) 31st ESLAB Symposium, ed. B. Overpopulation? Fleck A. Wilson, ESA-SP-415, 1998, in press.
Plane-Wave Analysis of SOI Data, (with L.A. Studies Proposal? Discher de Sá, I. González Hernández, J. Patrón Recio, D.A. Haber, J. Toomre, F. Hill, E.J. Rhodes, Y Xue, and the SOI Ring Diagrams Team) Sounding Solar and overpopulation essays, Stellar Interiors, IAU Symposium 181, ed. Bid Business? J. Provost F.-X. Schmider, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 111--118, 1997. Ph.D. in Physics 1983 University of California at Berkeley. M.A. in Physics 1976 University of California at Berkeley. B.S. in Physics 1974 University of Wyoming. 1991 - present Senior Research Scientist, SOI Program Manager, Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. 1989 - 1991 Research Associate, Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
1985 - 1988 Research Associate, STAR Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. 1984 Postdoctoral Affiliate, STAR Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. 1983 Research Assistant, Space Sciences Laboratory, University of overpopulation and the essays, California, Berkeley, CA. 1982 Research Stipendiary, Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, West Germany. Professional and Honor Societies. American Geophysical Union, Phi Beta Kappa. Time-Distance Helioseismology with the MDI Instrument: Initial Results, T. L. Duvall, Jr., A. Essays? G. Kosovichev, P. Environment? H. Scherrer, R. S. Bogart, R. Accounting Admissions? I. Bush, C. DeForest, J. T. And The Environment Essays? Hoeksema, J. Schou, J. L. R. Saba, T. D. Does Go Dissertation? Tarbell, A. Overpopulation And The Essays? M. Title, C. J. Wolfson, and P. N. Milford, Solar Physics , 170 , pp.
63-73, 1997. Structure and Rotation of the sad short, Solar Interior: Initial Results form the MDI Medium-l Program, A. G. Kosovichev, J. Schou, P. H. Scherrer, R. S. Overpopulation Environment Essays? Bogart, R. I. Bush, J. T. Hoeksema, J. Sport Influence Essay? Aloise, L. Bacon, A. Burnette, C. DeForest, P. M. Giles, K. Environment Essays? Leibrand, R. Nigam, M. Rubin, K. Scott, S. D. Dissertation Proposal? Williams, S. Basu, J. Overpopulation Environment Essays? Christensen-Dalsgaard, W. Dappen, E. J. Rhodes, Jr., T. L. Duvall, Jr., R. Howe, M.J. Thompson, D. O. Gough, T. Sekii, J. Toomre, T. Does? D. Tarbell, A. M. Title, D. Environment Essays? Mathur, M. Morrison, J. L. R. Graduate Admissions Essays? Saba, C. J. Wolfson, I. Zayer, and P. N. Milford, Solar Physics , 170 , pp. 43-61, 1997. The Solar Oscillations Investigation - Michelson Doppler Imager, P. H. Scherrer, R. S. Bogart, R. And The? I. Bush, J. T. Does Preface? Hoeksema, A. G. Kosovichev, J. Schou, W. Rosenberg, L. Springer, T. D. Tarbell, A. Title, C. J. Wolfson, I. Zayer, and the MDI Engineering Team, Solar Physics , 162 , pp. And The? 129-188, 1995. Christensen-Dalsgaard received his M.Sc. degree from tennis essay Aarhus University, Denmark, in 1975, and his Ph.D. in overpopulation essays, astrophysics from Cambridge University in 1978.
After postdoctoral periods at Institut d'Astrophysique, Liege, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, and does, NORDITA, Copenhagen, he returned to the Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, where he has been since 1984, from 1996 as Research Professor in Helio- and and the environment essays, Asteroseismology. Influence Essay? Since 1994 he has in essays, addition been associate director of the Theoretical Astrophysics Center under the Danish National Research Foundation. From 1988 he has been an Affiliate Scientist at preface go dissertation the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Main areas of and the essays, research: Christensen-Dalsgaard's research activities have been concerned with various aspects of the structure of solar and stellar interiors, and of helioseismic and asteroseismic investigations of the properties of the Sun and other stars. This has involved extensive calculations of stellar models, testing their sensitivity to sport influence essay, the underlying physical assumptions, and attempting to obtain precise models of the present Sun with the essays, best possible physics. Furthermore, Christensen-Dalsgaard has taken part in the development and bid business, testing of methods for and the essays, helioseismic inversion and has applied these methods to infer the structure and rotation of the solar interior. Other professional activities: Christensen-Dalsgaard is a member of the Danish Natural Science Research Council, vice chairman of the Danish Space Board, and member of the go dissertation, Board of the overpopulation and the environment essays, Nordic Optical Telescope.
He was a member of the NASA Science Working Group on the Measurement of Solar Oscillations from Space (1984 - 1986), and the European Space Agency SOHO (Solar and Heliospheric Observatory) Phase A Study Team (1984 - 1986). He was a member of the admissions essays, European Southern Observatory Scientific and Technical Committee (1988 - 1992). Since 1997 he has been vice president of and the environment essays, Commission 27 (variable stars) of the International Astronomical Union. Selected relevant publications: Differential asymptotic sound-speed inversions (with D. O. Gough M. J. Admissions? Thompson), Mon.
Not. R. astr. Soc., 238, 481 - 502 (1989). Some aspects of the theory of solar oscillations Geophys. Environment Essays? Astrophys. Fluid Dynamics, 62, 123 - 152 (1991). Solar oscillations and the equation of state (with W. Dappen), Astron.
Astrophys. Accounting? Rev., 4, 267 - 361 (1992). The effectiveness of oscillation frequencies in constraining stellar model parameters (with T. M. Brown, B. Mihalas R. L. Gilliland), Astrophys. J., 427, 1013 - 1034 (1994). The phase function for stellar acoustic oscillations - III.
The solar case (with F. Perez Hernandez), Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 269, 475 - 492 (1994). Testing a solar model: the essays, forward problem in: Proc. VI IAC Winter School The structure of the Sun, eds. T. Roca Cortes F. Sanchez, Cambridge University Press, 47 - 139 (1996). The current state of solar modeling (with W. Dappen, S. V. Bid Business? Ajukov, et al.), Science, 272, 1286 - 1292 (1996). Equation of state and and the essays, helioseismic inversions (with S. Basu), Astron. Astrophys., 322, L5 - L8 (1997).
Solar internal sound speed as inferred from combined BiSON and LOWL oscillation frequencies (with S. Media? Basu, W. J. Chaplin, Y. Elsworth, G. R. Isaak, R. New, J. Overpopulation Environment? Schou, M. J. Thompson S. Tomczyk), Mon. Not. Essays? R. And The Environment Essays? astr. Soc., 291, 243 - 251 (1997). Turbulence in astrophysics. Stars (with V. Tennis Rules Essay? M. Canuto), Ann. Rev. Fluid Mech., 30, 167 - 198 (1998). Education: Institution Degree Year Confirmed.
Johns Hopkins University B.A. 1972. Stanford University M.A. 1975. Stanford University Ph.D. 1978. 1977-1979 Kitt Peak National Observatory. Position: Postdoctoral Fellow.
1979-present Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. NSF Antarctic Service Medal, 1982. NASA/NSO/Bartol Antarctic expeditions (1981-82, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1994-5) NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, 1990. Mount Duvall named by US Board on Geographic Names at overpopulation and the essays 78S22,162E31, 1996. Long-lived Giant Cells Detected at the Solar Surface, J.G.
Beck, T.L. Duvall Jr., P.H. Scherrer, Nature , in press, 1998. A Subsurface Flow of Material from the story, Sun's Equator to overpopulation and the environment, its Poles, P.M. Giles, T.L. Sad Short Story Essays? Duvall Jr., P.H. Scherrer, Nature 390, 52-54, 1997.
Downflows under sunspots detected by helioseismic tomography, T.L. Duvall Jr., S. D'Silva, S.M. Jefferies, J.W. Harvey, J. Schou, Nature 379, 235-237, 1996. Time-Distance Helioseismology, T.L. Duvall Jr., S.M. Jefferies, J.W. Harvey, M.A.
Pomerantz, Nature 362, 430-432, 1993. Asymmetries of Solar Oscillation Line Profiles, T.L. Duvall Jr., S.M. Jefferies, J.W. Harvey, Y. Osaki, M.A. Pomerantz, Astrophys. J. 410, 829-836, 1993. Latitude and Depth Variation of Solar Rotation, T. L. Duvall, Jr., J. W. Harvey and overpopulation environment, M. A. Pomerantz, Nature 321, 500, 1986.
A Dispersion Law for Solar Oscillations, T. L. Sad Short Essays? Duvall, Jr., Nature 300, 242-243, 1982. Douglas Gough, FRS. Condensed Curriculum Vitae. Born: 8 February 1941, Stourport, Worcestershire, England. Education: University of Cambridge, England; B.A. 1962, M.A. 1966, Ph.D. 1966. Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Cambridge. Deputy Director, Institute of Astronomy, University of and the essays, Cambridge.
Honorary Professor of Astronomy, Queen Mary and story, Westfield College, University of London. Fellow Adjoint, JILA, University of Colorado at overpopulation environment Boulder. Fellowships, associate appointments. 1965 NSF Summer Fellow, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. 1967--69 Visiting Member, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University. 1977--78 Astronome Titulaire Associe des Observatoires de France. 1978--83 Science Research Council Senior Fellow.
1984--85 Professeur Associe de l'Universite de Toulouse. 1990 Scientific Coordinator, ITP, Univ. Rules Essay? California at Santa Barbara. 1994 Visiting Scholar, School of essays, Mathematics and Statistics, University of essay, Sydney. 1996, 97 Visiting Professor, Department of Physics, Stanford University. Prizes, Lectureships, etc.
Gravity Research Foundation Prize (shared with F.W.W. Dilke, 1973); James Arthur Prize Lecturer (Harvard, 1982); William Hopkins Prize (Camb. Phil. Soc., 1984); Sir Joseph Larmor Lecturer (Camb.
Phil. Soc., 1988); Morris Loeb Lecturer, (Harvard, 1993); George Ellery Hale Prize (AAS, 1994); Bishop Lecturer (Columbia Univ., 1996); Halley Lecturer (Univ. Oxford, 1996) Royal Astronomical Society: Junior Member (1963--66), Fellow (1966--) American Astronomical Society: Member (1964--73), Member of Solar Physics Division (1990--) International Astronomical Union: Member (1970--)
Astronomical Society of India: Member (1993--) Royal Society: Fellow (1997--) Institute of Physics: Fellow (1997--) Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters: Foreign Member (1998--) Solar Physics (1983--); Fundamentals of Cosmic Physics (1985--93); Inverse Problems (1997--); Encyclopedia of overpopulation and the, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Institute of Physics (1997--) Space Science Committees:
ESA Consultant (DISCO: 1981--83, SOHO: 1983--85, PRISMA: 1991--93, STARS: 1993--96); NASA Mission Consultant (1983--86); SERC Space Science Programme Board (1986--89); SERC Astronomy and Planetary Science Grants Committee (1987--90) International conferences organized. 1975 IBM Conference on Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge. 1981 IAU Colloquium 66 on Solar and Stellar Oscillations (with A.B. Severny), Crimea. 1985 NATO ASW on accounting admissions essays Seismology of the Sun and essays, the distant Stars, Cambridge. 1990 Challenges to Theories of the Structure of moderate-mass Stars (with J. Toomre), Santa Barbara.
1993 Sixth IRIS Workshop, Cambridge. 1997 Local Helioseismology, Cambridge. DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH: 1951 August 29, Bangor, Maine, USA. MARITAL STATUS: Married 1973 June 2; wife Janet, children Adam (18) and Kimberly (13). Ph.D., Astrophysics, University of Colorado, 1979. M.S., Physics, University of Colorado, 1975. B.S., Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, 1973.
Awards and sport influence essay, Honors: NASA/MSFC Outstanding Performance Awards, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1996. NASA Certificates of Appreciation, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995. NASA Group Achievement Award, 1992, 1996, 1997. NSF Fellowships, Honorable Mention, 1973.
Massachusetts Senatorial Honor Scholarships, 1969-1973. Phi Beta Kappa Membership, 1973. University of Massachusetts Freshman Physics Award, 1970. American Astronomical Society (1976-Present) Solar Physics Division, AAS (1987-Present) SPD Committee (1992-1994) Media Liaison (1990-1996) Nominating Committee Chair (1992) Division for Planetary Sciences, AAS (1981-present) American Geophysical Union (1997-Present)
International Astronomical Union (1984-Present) Sigma Xi (1984-Present) Group Leader: Solar Physics Group, Physics and Astronomy Division, Space Sciences Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Marshall Space Flight Center, Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama 35812. Direct research of, and provide support for, members of the Solar Physics Group (15 scientists and engineers.) History, Education, and Professional Experience. Born Rochester, Minnesota, September 14, 1956. Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI, B.A. with Honors in overpopulation essays, Physics and Mathematics, 1978. Stanford University, Dept. of Applied Physics, M.S., 1980; Ph.D., 1984.
Research Associate, Center for Space Science and rules essay, Astrophysics, Stanford University, 1984-1989. Assistant a l'Observatoire, Observatoire de Nice, France, Spring, 1985. Senior Research Scientist, W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory /Center for overpopulation environment essays, Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, 1989-present. American Astronomical Society, Solar Physics Division. American Geophysical Union, Space Physics and Aeronomy Division. International Astronomical Union, Commission 10.
Astronomical Society of the Pacific. American Scientific Affiliation. Selected Activities and Awards. Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing, JGR-Space Physics, 1997. Associate Editor, JGR-Space Physics, 1997-1999. Chairman, NSO's SOLIS Advisory Group, 1997-1999. Scientific Director, Stanford SOLAR Center, 1996 - present. Chairman, Scientific and Local Organizing Committees, 4th SOHO Workshop: Helioseismology, (a.k.a.
GONG '95); Hero of the GONG Citation, 1995. Project Astro Visiting Astronomer, J.L. Accounting Graduate Essays? Stanford Middle School 1994-6; Hoover Elementary, 1997-8. Co-chair, IACG Workshop Splinter Group on overpopulation and the environment Coronal and Solar Wind Structure and Evolution, 1994. Group Appreciation Award for Completion of MDI on SOHO from GSFC ISTP, 1994.
Chairman, Solar Physics Working Group, ONR Space Sciences Workshop, 1993. Convenor/Co-convenor of Sessions at Solar Wind 9, 1998; COSPAR, 1998; IAGA, 1997; 1st SOHO Workshop, 1992; Solar Wind 7, 1991. Member, Editor Search Committee for JGR-Space Physics, 1991 - 1992. Chairman, Organizing Committee, 4th IRIS Workshop SOI Team Meeting, 1991. Member IRIS, since 1985. Member, NASA's Solar Physics MOWG, 1990-1992. NASA Peer Review Panels: Solar Observations SRT 1991, 1992, 1995 (chair); SMEX, 1993; SEC GIP, 1998 (chair). Chairman, GONG Low-Frequency Team since 1990; member GONG since 1987. Member, Solar Physics Planning Group at the Future Missions Strategy-Implementation Study, 1990.
Member, COSPAR ISC Sub-commissions D.1 and studies, E.2; Vice-chair E.2, 1998-2002. Publications and Papers Presented. Author or co-author of overpopulation and the essays, more than 100 papers published in astronomical and geophysical journals and of more than 200 contributed and invited lectures at proposal conferences, symposia, and seminars. Primary interests include the large-scale solar and environment essays, coronal magnetic fields, solar velocity fields and rotation, helioseismology, the physics of the Sun and the interplanetary medium, and accounting admissions essays, solar-terrestrial relations. SOHO/SOI-MDI Stanford Instrument Scientist, 1988-present; Operation and maintenance of the Wilcox Solar Observatory at Stanford, 1978-present; programming of laboratory mini computers and PCs; scientific analysis and UNIX system programming; design and construction of equipment to measure solar magnetic and environment essays, velocity fields. 1990 Ph.D. in Astronomy, Department of Astronomy, U.C.L.A.
Seismic Analysis of the Sun from Intermediate and High Degree p-Modes. Advisor: R.K. Ulrich. 1982 Engineering, Applied Physics (Ingenieur Civil Physicien), Universite Libre de Bruxelles (U.L.B.), Ecole Polytechnique, Faculte des Sciences Appliquees, Brussels, Belgium. Master thesis at the Plasma Physics Laboratory (U.L.B.): Study of a magnetic configuration realizing a theta-pinch. 1977 High school degree: Humanites Superieures, section Latin-Mathematiques Athenee R. Catteau, Brussels, Belgium. 1990 - Astrophysicist, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. 1994 - Member, GONG Data Management and proposal, Analysis Center's Users' Committee. 1983 - 85 Research Fellow, European Space Agency, Space Science Department, Solar Heliospheric Division, ESTEC, The Netherlands. Professional Society Memberships:
American Astronomical Society, European Physical Society. 1. J., Schou, H.M., Antia, S., Basu, R.S., Bogart, R.I., Bush, S.M., Chitre, J., Christensen- Dalsgaard, M.P., Di Mauro, W.A., Dziembowski, A., Eff-Darwich, D.O., Gough, D.A., Haber, J.T., Hoeksema, R., Howe, S.G., Korzennik, A.G., Kosovichev, R.M., Larsen, F.P., Pijpers, P.H., Scherrer, T., Sekii, T.D., Tarbell, A.M., Title, M.J., Thompson, and J., Toomre, 1998, Helioseismic studies with SOI-MDI of differential rotation in the solar envelope, 1998, ApJ, in press. 2. S. Korzennik, M.J. Thompson, J. Toomre the GONG Internal Rotation Team, Internal Rotation and Dynamics of the Sun from GONG Data, 1997, proceeding of the and the environment, IAU Symposium 181, 211. 3. F. Hill, P.B.
Stark, R.T. Sad Short? Stebbins, E.R. Anderson, H.M. Antia, T.M. Brown, T.L. Duvall, Jr., D.A. Environment? Haber, J.W. Harvey, D.H. Hathaway, R. Howe, R.P. Hubbard, H.P. Influence? Jones, J.R. Kennedy, S.G. Korzennik, A.G. Kosovichev, J.W. Overpopulation? Leibacher, K.G. Libbrecht, J.A. Pintar, E.J. Accounting Graduate Essays? Rhodes, Jr., J. And The? Schou, M.J.
Thompson, S. Tomczyk, C.G. Toner, R. Does Preface? Toussaint, W.E. Williams, 1996, Science , 272, 1292: The Solar Acoustic Spectrum and environment, Eigenmode Parameters. 4. M.J. Thompson, J Toomre, E.R. Sport? Anderson, H.M.
Antia, G. Overpopulation And The Environment? Berthomieu, D. Burtonclay, S.M. Chitre, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, T. Corbard, M. DeRosa, C.R. Genovese, D.O. Gough, D.A. Haber, J.W. Harvey, F. Hill, R. Howe, S.G. Korzennik, A.G. Kosovichev, J.W. Leibacher, F.P. Pijpers, J. Provost, E.J. Rhodes, Jr., J. Proposal? Schou, T. Sekii, P.B.
Stark, P.R. Essays? Wilson, 1996, Science , 272, 1300: Differential Rotation and Dynamics of the plan, Solar Interior. 5. Korzennik, S.G., Noyes, R.W., Brown, T.M, Nisenson, P., Horner, S., Nightly Variations of Non-Radial Oscillations in the Delta Scuti Star AE UMa, 1995 Ap. J. Letters, in press. 6. Korzennik, S.G., Rhodes, E.J., Jr., and Johnson, N.M., Rose, P., Cacinni, A., On the overpopulation and the environment, Deter- mination of the Solar Rotation, 1995, in GONG 1994: Helio- and Astero-Seismology from Earth and Space, in press. 7. Korzennik, S. G., Noyes, R. Plan? W., Ziskin, V., 1995, in GONG 1994: Helio- and overpopulation and the, Astero- Seismology from accounting admissions essays Earth and Space, Local Helioseismology: Analysis of Localized Time-Distance Diagrams from Quiet and Active Regions, eds.: Ulrich, Rhodes Däppen, ASP Conf Series, Vol. 76, 268. 8. Rhodes, E.J., Jr., Cacciani, A., Korzennik, S.G., Ulrich R.K., 1993, Astrophys.
J., 406, 714: Confirmation of Solar Cycle Dependent Intermediate Degree p-mode Frequency Shifts. 9. Goode, P.R., W. A. Dziembowski, S.G. Korzennik, and E.J. Rhodes, Jr., What We Know About the Sun's Internal Rotation from Solar Oscillations, Ap.J., 367, 649-657, 1991. 10. Korzennik, S.G., R.K. Ulrich, Seismic Analysis of the Solar Interior I.: Can Opacity Changes Improve the overpopulation and the environment, Theoretical Frequencies? Ap.J., 339, 1144-1155, 1989.
Alexander G. Sport Essay? Kosovichev. Degrees: D. And The? Sc., Physics and table tennis rules, Mathematics, (Astrophysics), 1990, Leningrad State University. Ph. D., Physics and Mathematics, 1980, Moscow State University. M.S., Physics, 1975, Novosibirsk State University. 1994 -- present: Senior Research Scientist, W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Lab, Stanford Univ. 1990-1994: Senior Research Associate, Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge. 1979-1990: member of the scientific staff of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory:
Scientific Organizing Committee of the SOHO-IV/GONG'98 Workshop (Boston, 1998) Scientific Organizing Committee of the GONG'94 Conference (Los Angeles, 1994) Scientific Organizing Committee of the SOHO-IV Workshop Helioseismology (Pacific Grove, 1995) Associate Investigator, European Space Agency (ESA) (PRISMA: 1991-93; STARS: 1993-94) Associate Investigator on SOI (Solar Oscillations Investigation) on overpopulation and the environment essays ESA-NASA mission SOHO. Member of the International Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG) Coordinator of essay, Structure Inversions Research Teams for GONG and SOI.
Referee for overpopulation essays, Astrophys. Journal, Astrophys. J. Lett., Monthly Not. Studies Proposal? Roy. Astron. Soc., Solar Physics, and and the environment essays, Journal of Plasma Physics. Member of the American Astronomical Society. Member of the essay, International Astronomical Union. Recent invited talks and lectures:
Time-Distance Helioseismology, COSPAR General Assembly, Nagoya, 1998. Flows in the Convection Zone: SOHO SOI/MDI Results, Chapman Conference on Magnetic Helicity in Space and Laboratory Plasmas, Boulder, 1998. Seismic Investigations of the Sun's Interior Structure, AGU Meeting, Boston, 1998. Oscillations in Active Regions - Diagnostics and Seismology, Third ASP - Euroconference: 'Magnetic Fields and overpopulation environment essays, Oscillations', at sad short story essays Potsdam, Germany, 1998. X-RAY FLARE SPARKS QUAKE INSIDE THE SUN, A. G. Kosovichev and V.V. Zharkova, Nature , v. 393, p.317 (1998) RANDOM DAMPING AND FREQUENCY REDUCTION OF THE SOLAR F MODE.
T. L. Overpopulation Environment? Duvall Jr., A. Go Dissertation? G. Kosovichev, and K. Murawski, Astrophys. J. Essays? Lett. (1998) in press. MEASURING SUN'S EIGENFREQUENCIES FROM VELOCITY AND INTENSITY HELIOSEISMIC SPECTRA. R. Nigam and A. G. Bid Business? Kosovichev, Astrophys. J. Lett. (1998) in press. SOLAR CYCLE ONSET SEEN IN SOHO/MDI SEISMIC DATA. W. A. Dziembowski, P. R. Goode, M. P. Environment? DiMauro, A. G. Kosovichev, and bid business, J. Schou, Astrophys. J. (1998) in press.
ASYMMETRY AND FREQUENCIES OF LOW-DEGREE P-MODES AND THE STRUCTURE OF THE SUN'S CORE. Overpopulation? T.Toutain, T. Appourchaux, C. Frohlich, A. G. Kosovichev, R. Accounting? Nigam, and P. H. Scherrer, Astrophys. J. Lett., in press (1998). LATITUDINAL VARIATION OF SOLAR SUBSURFACE ROTATION INFERRED FROM P-MODE FREQUENCY SPLITTINGS MEASURED WITH SOI-MDI AND GONG. A. C. Overpopulation? Birch and graduate admissions, A. G. Kosovichev, Astrophys.
J. Lett., v.503, L187 (1998) THE ADIABATIC EXPONENT IN THE SOLAR CORE. J. R. Overpopulation And The Environment Essays? Elliott and A. G. Kosovichev Astrophys. J. Lett., v.500, L199 (1998) ASYMMETRY IN VELOCITY AND INTENSITY HELIOSEISMIC SPECTRA FROM SOHO/MDI. Bid Business? R. Nigam, A. G. Overpopulation And The Environment Essays? Kosovichev, P. H. Scherrer, and media studies dissertation proposal, J. Schou, Astrophys.
J. Lett., v.495, L115 (1998) Born: 1 Nov. 1957: Columbus, Ohio. Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Dr., Honolulu, HI, 96822. Ph.D. (Physics) Princeton - January 1981. M.S. (Physics) Princeton - June 1979. B.A. (Physics and overpopulation essays, Mathematics) Kalamazoo College - June 1977. Awards and Honors:
Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship (1986) Shenstone Prize (1980, from Princeton for outstanding work in experimental physics) Hornbeck Prize (1977, from Kalamazoo for outstanding Senior Thesis) Professor, Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii (Aug 1998 - ) Astronomer, NOAO/National Solar Observatory, (Jan. 1993 - July 1998)
Professor, Physics and sad short essays, Astronomy, Mich. State Univ. (Sept. 1992 - ) Summer Faculty Research Fellow, AFGL/National Solar Observatory (Fall 1990) Visiting Research Assoc., Inst. Theor.
Physics, Santa Barbara (Spring 1990) Associate Professor, Physics and Astronomy, Mich. State Univ. (Sept. 1986 - 92) Assistant Professor, Physics, Princeton University (Sept. 1982 - Aug. 1986) Instructor, Physics, Princeton University (Sept. 1981 - Sept.
1982) Lecturer, Physics, Princeton University (Jan. 1981 - Sept. 1981) Research and Teaching Assistant, Physics, Princeton University (Sept. Overpopulation? 1977 - Jan. 1981) Professional Society Memberships:
International Astronomical Union. American Astronomical Society. American Physical Society. 1983 - Astronomer, National Solar Observatory. 1988 - 1993 Director, National Solar Observatory. 1976 - 1982 Research Scientist, Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory. 1973 - 1975 Visiting Scientist, Laboratoire de Physique Stellaire et Planètaire. 1971 - 1972 Post-Doctoral Fellow, Joint Institute for table tennis rules essay, Laboratory Astrophysics. 1971 Ph.D., Astronomy, Harvard University. Other Professional Experience:
1996 Parker Lecture, American Geophysical Union. 1995 James Arthur Lecture, Harvard University. 1995 - Chair, Member, Hale Prize Nominating Committee, AAS/SPD. 1995 - Chair, Member, Space Sciences Visiting Committee, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 1993 - 1998 Member, Space Science Advisory Committee, Office of overpopulation environment, Space Sciences, NASA. 1990 - 1996 Member, Editorial Board, Annual Reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1988 - 1991 Member, NASA Advisory Council, Space Physics Sub-committee.
1987 - Co-Investigator, Michelson Doppler Imager on essay the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. 1986 - 1990 Member, Space Science (Studies) Board, National Academy of Sciences. 1984 - Project Director/Scientist, Global Oscillation Network Group ( GONG ) 1984 - 1986 Chair, Management and Ops. Working Group, NASA Solar Heliospheric Physics Office. 1983 - Co-Investigator, Solar Optical Universal Polarimater, on Spacelab II. 1982 - Member, Editorial Board, Solar Physics.
1980 - Co-Investigator, Coordinated Filtergraph Spectrograph, on the Solar Optical Telescope. 1976 - Co-Investigator, Soft X-Ray Polychromator, on the Solar Maximum Mission. 1974 - Co-Investigator, Multi-Channel Ultra-Violet Spectrometer, on the Orbiting Solar Obs. Recent Relevant Publications: Gough, D., Leibacher, J., Scherrer, P., and Toomre, J. 1996, Science , 272, 1281-1283: Perspectives in Helioseismology Harvey, J.W., and co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1284-1286: The Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) Project Christensen-Dalsgaard, J., and overpopulation and the environment essays, co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1286-1292: The Current State of Solar Modeling Hill, F., and co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1292-195: The Solar Acoustic Spectrum and Eigenmode Parameters Gough, D.O., and sport influence, co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1296-1300: The Seismic Structure of the Sun Thompson, M.J., and co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1300-1305: Differential Rotation and Dynamics of the Solar Interior
Hathaway, D., and environment essays, co-authors including Leibacher, 1996, Science , 272, 1306-1309: GONG Observations of Surface Flows Leibacher, J.W. 1997, in preface go dissertation, Sounding Solar and overpopulation, Stellar Interiors, IAU Symp. 181, eds. F.-X. Schmider and J. Provost, 1-11: Helioseismology
Anderson, E. and co-authors including Leibacher, J. W., 1997, in Sounding Solar and Stellar Interiors, IAU Symp. 181, eds. F.-X. Schmider and J. Provost, 151: The Seismic Structure of the Sun from GONG Harvey, J. W., Hill, F., Komm, R., Leibacher, J. W., Pohl, B., and the GONG 1998, in New Eyes to See Inside the rules, Sun and Stars, IAU Symp. 185, ed. F.-L. Deubner, in press: GONG Spectra in Three Observables: What is a p-mode frequency? 1957 Haverford College, B.A., Physics. 1963 California Institute of Technology, Ph.D., Physics. 1962 - Physicist, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
1973 - Professor of Astronomy, Harvard University. 1986 - Member, Science Advisory Committee, Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG) 1989 Member, Editorial Board, Solar Physics. Past Positions: (Partial List) 1968-69 Member, Solar Physics Working Group, Astronomy Missions Board, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
1970-72 Member, Solar Physics Panel of the Astronomy Survey Committee, National Academy of Sciences (NAS) 1973-76 Member, Physical Sciences Committee of NASA. 1973-80 Associate Director, Solar and Stellar Physics Division Center for Astrophysics. 1975-76 Chairman, Solar Physics Division, AAS. 1975-78 Member, Board of Trustees, UCAR.
1982-85 President, Commission 12 (Radiation and Structure of the Solar Atmosphere), International Astronomical Union. 1986-89 Chairman, AURA Board of Trustees. 1988-92 Member, NAS Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee (Bahcall Committee) and Vice-chair, Solar Panel. Professional Society Memberships: American Astronomical Society, International Astronomical Union, International Academy of Astronautics, American Association for environment, the Advancement of Science (elected Fellow, 1988) 1995 Nightly Variations of Nonradial Oscillations in the Delta Scuti Star AE Ursae Majoris. S.G.
Korzennik, R.W. Noyes, T. Brown, P. Nisenson, and essay, S. Horner, Ap.J. Letters, 443, L25-28. 1995 Vorticity and Divergence in the Solar Photosphere. And The? Yi Wang, R.W. Noyes, T.D. Proposal? Tarbell, and A.M. Title, Ap.J., 447, p. 419-427.
1997 A Radial Velocity Search for and the environment, p-mode Pulsations in eta Bootis, T. Brown, T. Kennelly, S. Korzennik, P. Nisenson, R. Noyes, S. Horner, Ap. J., 475, 322. 1997 Radii and Distances of Cepheids: I. Method and essays, Measurement Errors, M. Krockenberger, D. Sasselov, R. Noyes, Ap. Essays? J., 479, 875. 1997 The AFOE Program of Extra-Solar Planet Research, R. Accounting Graduate Admissions? Noyes, S. Jha, S. Korzennik, M. Krockenberger, P. Nisenson, T. Brown, E. Kennelly, S. Horner, Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Series, 119, 119. 1997 A Planet Orbiting the Star Rho Coronae Borealis, R. And The Essays? Noyes, S. Jha, S. Korzennik, M. Krock- enberger, P. Sad Short? Nisenson, T. Brown, T. Kennelly, S. Horner, Ap. J., 483, L111.
1997 Exoplanet Research with the AFOE, S. Korzennik, P. Nisenson, R. Overpopulation And The Essays? Noyes, S. Jha, M Krock- enberger, T. Brown, E. Kennelly, S. Horner, Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Series, In Press. N.S.F. Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Physics, California Institute of Technology, 1977-1978. Ph.D., Sept. 1977, Department of Astronomy, University of California at Los Angeles. M.A., June 1971, Department of Astronomy, University of California at Los Angeles.
Graduate Study, Earth and preface, Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1968-1969. B.S., June 1968, Magna Cum Laude, Department of Physics, University of California at Los Angeles. NASA Certificate of Recognition for the Creative Development of a Technical Innovation, April 1983. Mortar Board Honor Society Teaching Excellence Award, USC, March 1983. Honor Society Memberships:
Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, (President of USC Chapter, 1988-present), Sigma Pi Sigma. Professional Society Memberships: International Astronomical Union, American Astronomical Society, American Geophysical Union. Spacecraft Instrument Team Membership: Co-Investigator on essays Michelson Doppler Imager Experiment for SOHO Mission, March 1988 to accounting, present.
Professor of Astronomy, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Sept. 1993 to date; previously Assistant and Associate Professor, Sept. 1979 to Aug. 1993. Astronomer, Space Physics Research Element, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, October 1983 to present. Recent Relevant Papers: Rhodes, E.J., Jr.: 1996, Helioseismology: A Probe of the Solar Interior, Atmosphere, and Activity Cycle, refereed invited review, in Solar Wind Eight , AIP Conference Proceedings 382, AIP Press, 3-8. Kosovichev, A. G., and co-authors including Rhodes: 1997, Structure and Rotation of Solar Interior: Initial Results from the MDI Medium-l Program, Solar Phys., 170, 43-61. Rhodes, E.J., Jr., et al .: 1997, Measurements of Frequencies of Solar Oscillations from the MDI Medium-l Program, Solar Physics , 175, 287-310. Rhodes, E. J., Jr., et al : 1997, Measurements of Frequencies of Solar Oscillations from the MDI Medium-l Program, in The First Results from SOHO , B. Fleck and Z. Environment? Svestka, eds., 287-310.
Kosovichev, A. G., and co-authors including Rhodes: 1998, Spherical and Aspherical Structure of the Sun: First Year of SOHO/MDI Observations, in New Eyes to See Inside the Sun and Stars, IAU Symposium 185 , F.-L. Plan? Deubner, J. Overpopulation? Christensen-Dalsgaard, and D. Media Studies Dissertation Proposal? Kurtz, eds., 157-164. Rhodes, E. J., Jr., et al. : 1998, Initial SOI/MDI High-Degree Frequencies and Frequency Splittings, to appear in Proceedings of SOHO 6/ GONG 98 Workshop , A. Environment? Wilson, ed., (ESA Publications: Noordwijk, The Netherlands), in bid business plan, press. Rhodes, E. J. Jr., et al. : 1998, The Comparison of Simultaneous SOI/MDI and Mt. Wilson 60-Foot Tower Power Spectra and P-Mode Parameters, to appear in Proceedings of SOHO 6/ GONG 98 Workshop , A. Wilson, ed., (ESA Publications: Noordwijk, The Netherlands), in press. Rosenthal, C. And The Environment Essays? S., and co-authors including Rhodes: 1998, Tests of Convective Frequency Effects with SOI/MDI High-Degree Data, to appear in Proceedings of SOHO 6/ GONG 98 Workshop, in sad short essays, press. Roca Cortes, T., and environment, E. J. Rhodes, Jr.: 1998, Report from Working Group Session 1: Resonant Mode characterization, to appear in sad short story, Proceedings of SOHO 6/ GONG 98 Workshop, in press. BSc. (Equivalent) in Mathematics and Physics, University of Aarhus, June 1987.
Masters degree (Equivalent) in Astronomy, University of Aarhus, November 1989. PhD. in Astronomy, University of Aarhus, May 1993. Visitor Caltech January 1990 - February 1990. Workshop Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, March 1990 - June 1990. Graduate Research Assistantship, High Altitude Observatory July 1990 - December 1992. Postdoctoral Scholar, Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, January 1993 - December 1993. Research Associate, Center for Space Science and Astrophysics, Stanford University, January 1994 - present. American Astronomical Society.
American Geophysical Union. GONG Data Management and Analysis Center Users Committee, 1995-present. Carolus Josephus Schrijver. Personal: Born August 19, 1958 in Baarn, The Netherlands; Dutch nationality, Permanent resident of the U.S.A. Current Position: since January 1995, Astrophysicist, Lockheed-Martin Advanced Technology Center, Palo Alto, Ca. 1991- 1994 Fellow Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, at the Astronomical Institute of the Univ. of Utrecht, The Netherlands. 1989- 1991 Research Fellow, European Space Agency, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
1986-1988 Research Associate, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. 1987 Visiting Scientist, Sac. Peak Observatory, New Mexico. 1987 Visiting Scientist, Lockheed Palo Alto Res. Lab., California. 1982-1986 Ph.D. And The Environment Essays? student, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Sep.
1986 Ph.D. Astrophysics (summa cum laude), University of does, Utrecht. Thesis title Stellar Magnetic Activity: Complementing Conclusions based on Solar and Stellar Observations; Supervisor: Prof. C. Overpopulation Environment Essays? Zwaan. Sep. 1982 Final university examination (summa cum laude), University of Utrecht. Sep. 1978 Intermediate university examination (summa cum laude), University of Utrecht. Solar/stellar physics: solar atmospheric (magnetic) activity, stellar (magnetic) activity, patterns in and dynamics of photospheric magnetic fields, helio-asteroseismology, coronal X--ray spectroscopy, stellar evolution and rotation, acoustic heating. Publications (published or in story, press):
47 research articles in refereed journals; 1 conference proceedings (editor); monograph on stellar activity, in preparation with C. And The Environment? Zwaan; 14 invited reviews in conference proceedings; 29 published contributed papers to conference proceedings; 4 popular astronomy articles. Memberships/Co-Investigator on bid business plan major proposals. Co--Investigator on NASA Small Explorer Mission TRACE. Member of the Task Group on Ground-based Solar Research of the overpopulation environment essays, National Academy of Sciences. Member of the sport, Editorial Board of Solar Physics 1994--. Member of the Advisory Board of Astronomische Nachrichten 1996--. Co--organizer of a 1993 workshop entitled 'Solar Surface Magnetism' and co--editor of the proceedings. Member of the Scientific Organizing Committee of the 9th Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun, held in Florence 1995. Member of the Activity Working Team for and the environment essays, ESA's PRISMA Phase A Study and member of the sport essay, study team for overpopulation, the subsequent STARS Assessment Study. Member of Commission 10 (Solar Activity) of the International Astronomical Union, and of its Working Group on media dissertation proposal Solar Irradiance Variations. Theodore D. Tarbell.
Senior Staff Scientist, Lockheed Martin Solar Astrophysics Lab. Ph.D., Physics, 1976, California Institute of Technology. A. B. Physics, 1971, Harvard University. 1976-present Lockheed Missiles Space Company, Inc. Solar Astrophysics Laboratory. Performs research in and the environment essays, solar physics and image processing, specializing in bid business plan, high resolution observations of magnetic and velocity fields in the solar atmosphere. Performs theoretical analysis, testing calibration of optical imaging and environment, tracking systems. Principal Investigator for the Max '91 Solar Optical Universal Polarimeter (SOUP) Investigation. Co-Investigator on the Orbiting Solar Laboratory (OSL) Coordinated Filtergraph and Spectrograph, the Spacelab 2 Flight of SOUP (July, 1985), the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) for SoHO, and the TRACE Small Explorer.
1971-76 Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. Graduate study in physics, specializing in essay, stellar structure and evolution. Principal Investigator, Lockheed Independent Research Projects in Adaptive Optics, Image Analysis and Solar Physics, 1980-95. Principal Investigator, NASA Studies of the Photosphere and Chromosphere at overpopulation and the environment essays High Resolution, 1991-98. Member, NSF Global Oscillations Network Group, 1987- Member, NASA Solar Physics Management Operations Working Group, 1986-92. Member, Committee on Solar and admissions essays, Space Physics of the overpopulation essays, Space Studies Board, 1987-90.
Member, National Solar Observatory Users Committee, 1988-90. Member, Advisory Committee of AAS Solar Physics Division, 1992-94. Some Recent Publications. The Solar Oscillations Investigation - Michelson Doppler Imager (with P. Scherrer et al. ), Solar Physics, Vol. 162, 1995, p. 129.
Michelson Doppler Imager Performance Characteristics (with I. Zayer et al. ), in GONG `94: Helio- and Asteroseismology From the essays, Earth and Space, ed. R. Overpopulation Essays? Ulrich, 1994. The Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) (with A. Title et al .), in SoHO III Workshop Proceedings, ed. M. Dreyer, 1994. The Magnetic and Velocity Geometry of Simple Sunspots (with A. Title et al. ), Astrophys. J., Vol. 403, 1993, p. 780. Patterns in accounting, the Photospheric Magnetic Field and and the essays, Percolation Theory (with C. Schrijver et al. ), Astron. Astrophys., Vol. 253, 1992, p. L1.
Michael J. Thompson. Thompson received his B.A. degree in mathematics from the University of Cambridge, UK, in 1981, and his Ph.D. in does go dissertation, astrophysics (also from Cambridge) in 1988. Between 1987 and 1990 he held postdoctoral positions at Aarhus University, Denmark, at the High Altitude Observatory, Boulder CO, and at overpopulation environment essays the Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara CA. Since 1990 he has been in the Astronomy Unit, Queen Mary Westfield College, University of London, UK, as a Lecturer and more recently as Reader in Mathematics and Astronomy. Main areas of research. Thompson's main research interests are in go dissertation, the structure and dynamics of the interior of the Sun and other stars, and in helio- and asteroseismology. Overpopulation And The? His early work was on the effect of sport, rotation and magnetic fields on stellar oscillations, and this continues to be a major interest, together with using oscillation data to constrain the rotation and magnetic fields of environment, stellar interiors. Thompson has worked extensively on the development, application and interpretation of inverse techniques in helioseismology. Major applications have been to studying the hydrostatic structure of the Sun and its internal rotation.
Other professional activities. Thompson is an Associate Investigator on accounting graduate essays SOI-MDI on overpopulation environment the SOHO satellite, and co-leader with J. Toomre of the Internal Rotation team in that project. He has served on the Data Users Committee of the Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG), of which he is a member. Influence Essay? He is on the editorial board of Astronomical Astrophysical Transactions; a member of the International Astronomical Union and of the European Astronomical Society; and a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society. He is currently, with D. Gough, writing a book on helioseismology for Cambridge University Press. The effect of overpopulation and the essays, rotation and a buried magnetic field on stellar oscillations (with D. Accounting Admissions Essays? O. Environment Essays? Gough), Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 242, 25 - 55 (1990). A comparison of preface go dissertation, methods for inverting helioseismic data (with J. Overpopulation And The? Christensen-Dalsgaard J. Schou), Mon. Not.
R. astr. Soc., 242, 353 - 369 (1990). The effect of an inclined magnetic field on solar oscillation frequencies (with P. R. Goode), Astrophys. J. 395, 307 - 315 (1992). Faster formulations of the bid business, optimally localized averages method for helioseismic inversion (with F. P. Pijpers), Astron. Astrophys.
262, L33 - L36 (1992). On comparing helioseismic two-dimensional inversion methods (with J. Overpopulation? Schou J. Christensen-Dalsgaard), Astrophys. J., 433, 389 - 416 (1994). Helioseismic estimation of convective overshoot in the Sun (with M. J. P. F. G. Monteiro J. Christensen-Dalsgaard), Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 276, 283 - 292 (1995). Linear inversions for the Sun's internal rotation Inverse Problems, 11, 709 - 730 (1995). Measurement of the rotation rate in the deep solar interior (with S. Tomczyk J. Schou), Astrophys. J., 448, L57 - L60 (1995). Differential rotation and dynamics of the solar interior (with J. Toomre et al.), Science, 272, 1300 - 1305 (1996).
Solar internal sound speed as inferred from combined BiSON and graduate admissions, LOWL oscillation frequencies (with S. Basu et al.), Mon. Not. R. astr. And The Environment Essays? Soc. Influence Essay? 291, 243 - 251 (1997).
Helioseismic studies with SOI-MDI of differential rotation in the solar envelope (with J. Schou et al.), Astrophys. J., submitted. Consulting Physicist, Solar and Astrophysics Department, Advance Technology Center, Lockheed Martin Missiles Space Company, Inc. Professor and Co-Director Stanford-Lockheed Institute for Space Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Ph.D., Physics, 1966, California Institute of Technology. B. Overpopulation And The Environment? A., Mathematics, 1960, University of media dissertation, California, Los Angeles.
Principal Investigator, TRACE Small Explorer Mission. 1993 - present. Principal Investigator, Solar Lite, 1994- present. Principal Investigator, Michelson Vector Magnetograph, 1995- present. Co-Investigator responsible for science instrument, MDI for SOHO, 1988-present. Executive Committee of Space Science Board. Executive Panel NRC Astrophysics Decadal Survey.
NRC Study Task Group on Solar Physics. P. C. Martens, N. E. Overpopulation And The? Hurlburt, A.M. Title, L. Acton, An Analytical Model for Fluted Sunspots, and its Relation with Evershed Flow and X-Ray Anemone, Astrophysical Journal, 463, 372, 1996. Title, A. M. and media studies proposal, Berger, T. And The? E., Double Gaussian Models of sad short story essays, Bright Points or Why Bright Points are Usually Dark, Astrophysical Journal, 463, 797, 1996. T. E. Berger and A. Overpopulation Environment Essays? M. Title, On the Dynamics of Small Scale Magnetic Elements, Astrophysical Journal, 463, 365, 1996. L.H. Accounting? Strouss, G.B.Schramer, T.D.Tarbell, A. M. Title, C. Zwaan, Phenomena in an emerging active region. I. Overpopulation And The Essays? Horizontal Dynamics, Astronomy and table, Astrophysics, 306, 947, 1996. C.J. Schrijver, R. A. Shine, N. Overpopulation And The Environment Essays? E. Hurlburt, H.J. Hagenaar, A. M. Title, L.H.
Strouss, S.M. Does? Jefferies, T.L. Duval. J.W. Harvey, A.R. Jones, Dynamics of the Chromospheric Network: Mobility, Dispersal, and and the, Difusion Coefficients, Astrophysical Journal, 468, 921, 1996. J. T. Hagenaar, C. J. Schrijver, A. M. Title, The Distribution of Cell Sizes of the rules essay, Solar Chromospheric Network, Astrophysical Journal, 481, 481, 1997. K.P.
Topka, T. D. Tarbell, A.M. Title, Properties of the Smallest Magnetic Elements II: Irradiance Variations Due to Active Region Faculae, Astrophysical Journal, 484,479, 1997. T. E. Berger, M.G. Lofdahl, R.A. Shine, A. M. Overpopulation And The Essays? Title, Measurements of Solar Magnetic Element Motions from High-Resolution Filtergrams, Astrophysical Journal, 495, 973, 1998. C. J. Schrijver, A. Preface Go Dissertation? M. Title, K.L. Harvey, N.R. Overpopulation Environment Essays? Scheeley Jr., Y-M.
Wang, G. H. J. Proposal? den Oord, R. A. Shine, T. Overpopulation And The Environment? D. Tarbell, N. E. Hurlburt, Large-Scale Coronal Heating by the Dynamic Small-Scale Magnetic Field of the Sun, Nature, 394,152, 1998. Toomre received B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in aeronautics and tennis essay, astronautics in 1963, and overpopulation, then went to England as a Marshall Scholar to accounting admissions, receive a Ph.D. from and the environment essays Trinity College, University of Cambridge in applied mathematics in accounting graduate admissions, 1967. Since 1975 Toomre has been a professor of astrophysics in the Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, and a fellow of the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (JILA), University of and the, Colorado, Boulder. Main Research Areas: Toomre's research and teaching centers on does preface astrophysical fluid dynamics (AFD), with particular emphasis on nonlinear theories for compressible convection in overpopulation and the environment essays, stars, and in studying nonlinear dynamical systems exhibiting multiple bifurcations and chaos. Toomre is particularly interested in topics where theoretical work related to fluid dynamics can be challenged and tested by observation and experiment. He is active in turbulence theory and simulation, with extensive experience in the use of vector supercomputers, massively parallel machines, high-speed networks, archival storage systems, and major visualization systems. Toomre has sustained interests in helioseismology, using observations of the frequency-splitting of five-minute oscillations of the media, sun to search for subphotospheric flows, large-scale structures and differential rotation in overpopulation and the, the convection zone; inverse theory has been developed to interpret the data. Sad Short Story? Toomre is a Co-I on the helioseismology SOI--MDI high-resolution Doppler imaging experiment onboard the SOHO spacecraft, now positioned at the L1 Lagrangian point.
Toomre has been on the board of directors of AURA (Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, operating the National Optical Astronomy Observatories). And The Environment Essays? He is on the Observatories Council with oversight for NOAO, and has served as member and chair of the Space Telescope Institute Council (STIC) which has oversight for the Space Telescope Science Institute. Toomre is chair of the scientific advisory committee to GONG (Global Oscillations Network Group), the major NSF ground-based observational project in helioseismology. He is co-leader of the bid business plan, dynamics and inversion team of GONG, and co-leader of the rotation inversion team on SOI--MDI. Magnetic Fields Interacting with Nonlinear Compressible Convection, Astrophys.
J. 327, 920--932 (1988), with N.E. Hurlburt. Seismic Observations of the Solar Interior, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 29, 627--684 (1991), with D.O. Gough.
Ionization Effects in Three-Dimensional Solar Granulation Simulations, Astrophys. J. 408, L53--L56 (1993), with M.P. And The Environment Essays? Rast, A. Sport Essay? Nordlund and R.F. Stein. Penetration Below a Convection Zone, Astrophys.
J. 421, 245--260 (1994), with N.E. Hurlburt, J.M. Massaguer, J.-P. Zahn. Turbulent Dynamics in the Solar Convection Zone, Science 269, 1370--1379 and color cover (1995), with N.H. Brummell, F. Cattaneo. Differential Rotation and Dynamics of the Solar Interior, Science 272, 1300--1305 and color cover (1996), with M.J. Overpopulation And The Environment Essays? Thompson and the GONG inversion team. Structure and Rotation of the Solar Interior: Initial Results from the MDI Medium-L Program, Solar Phys., 170, 43-61 (1997), with A.G. Kosovichev et al. (SOI Inversion Teams). Turbulent Compressible Convection with Rotation.
II: Mean Flows and Differential Rotation, Astrophys. J., 493, 955--969 (1998), with N.H. Brummell, N.E. Hurlburt. B.S. June, 1963 - Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley. Ph.D. Essay? June, 1968 - Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley. History of Employment:
Research Fellow, Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, 1968-69. Assistant Professor of Astronomy, July 1, 1969 - June 30, 1973, University of California, Los Angeles. Associate Professor of overpopulation and the essays, Astronomy, July 1, 1973 - June 30, 1977, University of California, Los Angeles. Professor of Astronomy, July 1, 1977 - current, University of California, Los Angeles. Solar Physics Working Group, Field Committee, 1980; Advocacy Panel for Solar Physics, National Academy of Science Solar Physics Study, 1981 - 1983; Member Committee on Space Astronomy and Astrophysics of the Space Science Board, National Academy of Science, 1987 - 1989; Member GONG Science Advisory Council 1985 - present; Member Committee on Solar and Space Physics of the Space Science Board, National Academy of Science, 1993 - 1996. Ulrich, R.K., Boyden, J.E., Webster, L., Snodgrass, H.B., Padilla, S.P., Gilman P. and Shieber, T.; Solar Rotation Measurements at Mt.
Wilson V. Reanalysis of 21 Years of Data;1988; Solar Phys; 117; 291. Snodgrass, H.B. and table tennis essay, Ulrich, R.K.; Rotation of overpopulation and the, Doppler Features in the Solar Photosphere; 1989; ApJ; 351; 309. Ulrich, R.K., Webster, L., Boyden, J.E., Magnone, N. and Bogart, R.S.;A System for Line Profile Studies at the 150-Foot Tower on Mount Wilson;1991; Solar Phys; 135; 211-241. Ulrich, R.K.; The Controversial Sun; 1993; A. Baglin and W.W. Weiss; Proceedings of IAU Colloquium 137, Inside the sad short story, Stars; Ast. Environment? Soc. Pacific; San Franscisco; 25-42. Ulrich, R.K., Rhodes, E.J., Jr. and Dappen, W., editors: 1995; GONG'94 --- Helios- and Astero-Seismology from the Earth and Space; Astron.
Soc. of Pacific, 688 pages. Ulrich, R.K. and Bertello, L.; Solar-cycle dependence of the Sun's apparent radius in the neutral iron spectral line at 525 nm; 1995; Nature; 377; 214-215. Ulrich, R.K. and Bertello, L.; Solar Rotation Measurements at Mount Wilson over the Period 1990-95; 1996; ApJLett; 465; L65-L68. Ulrich, R.K.; Observations of MHD oscillations in the solar atmosphere with properties of Alfven waves; 1996; ApJ; 465; 436-450. Ulrich, R.K. and Bertello, L.; Solar Cycle Dependence of the Sun's Radius at lambda525.0 nm; 1995; J.T. Hoeksema, V. Domingo, B. Fleck and B. Does Go Dissertation? Battrick, eds.; Helioseismology -- Fourth SOHO Workshop, 2-6 April, 1995, Vol. 2; ESA SP-376; Noordwijk, The Netherlands; 107-111. Gabriel, A.H., and 29 authors including R.K. Ulrich; Global Oscillations at Low Frequency from the and the environment, SOHO Mission (GOLF); 1995; Solar Phys; 162; 61. Gabriel, A.H., and 23 authors including R. Influence? Ulrich; Performance and Early Results from the GOLF Instrument Flown on the SOHO Mission; 1997; Solar Phys; 175; 207-226. Lazrek, M., and 19 authors including R. Ulrich; First Results on p modes from GOLF Experiment; 1997; Solar Phys; 175; 227-246.
Turck-Chieze., S., and environment essays, 18 authors including R. Ulrich; First View of the Solar Core from GOLF Acoustic Modes; 1997; Solar Phys; 175; 247-265. Toutain, T., and 19 authors including R. Ulrich; Tri-Phonic Helioseismology: Comparison of Solar p Modes Observed by the Helioseismology Instruments Aboard SOHO; 1997; Solar Phys; 175; 311-32. Arthur B. C. Walker, II. 1953 - 57 B.S. in sport influence, Physics (honors), Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, OH. 1957 - 62 Ph.D. in Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL. 1962-65 Active duty with the and the environment essays, U.S. Air Force Air Force Weapons Laboratory. Sport? Developed rocket and and the, satellite experiments to media dissertation, measure Van Allen radiation belts.
1965 - 74 Space Physics Laboratory of The Aerospace Corporation. Senior Staff Scientist Conducted experiments in solar physics, specializing in studies of the solar x-ray flux. 1974 - Faculty of Stanford University, currently Professor of Physics and Applied Physics. Training of Ph.D. Students: Supervised the dissertation research of 10 students who have received the Ph.D.; currently supervises the research of 5 Ph.D. candidates. Dr.
Walker's research has concentrated on and the environment essays the development of x-ray astronomical instrumentation for the spectroscopic study of high temperature low density astrophysical plasmas on space borne platforms. At The Aerospace Corporation, he developed rocket and satellite instruments for media studies dissertation, the study of the solar corona, including Bragg crystal spectrometers flown on the Air Force OV1-10 and OV1-17 satellites, resulting in several of the earliest high resolution astronomical x-ray spectral observations, and overpopulation environment essays, the first astronomical identification of x-ray dielectronic recombination lines. At Stanford, he has developed several grazing incidence Wolter and normal incidence multilayer Cassegrain x-ray optical systems which have been flown on rockets. He lead the group that obtained the first high resolution normal incidence multilayer optics x-ray image of the sun. He has also studied the media studies proposal, abundance structure of the ISM. He is currently part of a collaboration developing x-ray microcalorimeters for the Constellation program.
Dr. And The Environment? Walker has served on or chaired a number of NASA, NSF, and National Academy of media, Science Committees on national research policies and priorities. In 1986, President Reagan appointed Dr. Walker to the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident. Major Scientific Projects: Dr. Walker has been selected as PI, Co-PI, or Co-I on HEAO (1972-1974); ISPM (1979-1981), the Space Station Freedom (1989-1992) and SOHO (1991-). Observation and Modeling of the Transition Region on the Sun: I. (H.
M. Oluseyi, A. Essays? B. C. Walker, II, J. Porter, R. B. Hoover, T. W. Barbee Jr), submitted to media proposal, Astrophys. J. 1998. Observation and essays, Modeling of rules, Soft X-ray Bright Points II. (C. C. Kankelborg, A. B. C. Walker II., T. W. Barbee, R. B. Hoover), Astrophysical Journal 491, 952 1998. Chromospheric and Coronal Structure of overpopulation and the essays, Polar Plumes (M.
J. Allen, A .B. C. Does Go Dissertation? Walker, II., H. Oluseyi, R. B. Hoover, T. And The Environment? W. Barbee, Jr.) Solar Physics 175, 1997. Observation and bid business plan, Modeling of Soft x-ray Bright Points (C. C. Kankelborg, A. B. C. Walker II., T. W. Barbee and overpopulation environment, R. B. Hoover), Astrophysical Journal 466, 529, 1996. Graduated from Space Physics Section, Department of Geophysics, Peking University, 1957-1963 (There was no degree system in China before 1980) Lecturer, Peking University 1963-1984. Associate Professor, Peking University 1985-1989 (The promotion system in China does not work regularly) Ionospherical Physics 1964-1965.
University Physics 1974, 1976, 1978, 1985, 1987. Magnetohydrodynmics and Solar Wind 1975, 1977, 1982, 1984, 1986. Visiting scholar and scientist, High Altitude Observatory worked with Drs. A. J. Studies Dissertation? Hundhausen and T. E. Holzer 22 months from Sept. 1979 to overpopulation environment essays, July 1981 on the subjects of: Three-dimensional structure of the solar wind plasma and interplanetary magnetic fields; The acceleration and does, thermal anisotropy of the solar wind plasma;
Visiting scientist, Stanford University: worked with Dr. Overpopulation And The Essays? J. M. Wilcox 5 months from go dissertation Aug. 1981 to Dec. 1981 on the subject of IMF sector boundaries; Visiting scientist, High Altitude Observatory: worked with Dr. Overpopulation Essays? A. J. Hundhausen 15 months from Oct. 1987 to Dec. 1988 on the subject of large-scale coronal structures: streamers and mass ejections; Visiting scientist, Catholic University of sport influence essay, America: worked with Drs.
Y. C. Whang and overpopulation and the essays, K. W. Ogilvie 19 months from Jan. Bid Business Plan? 1989 to July 1990 on the subject of Modeling the heating and acceleration of the solar wind minor ions across interplanetary fast shocks and coronal slow shocks; slow shocks; Visiting Senior Research Scientist, Stanford University: worked with Drs. P. H. Scherrer and and the environment, J. T. Hoeksema 12 months from plan Aug. 1990 to July 1991 on the subject of structure and dynamics of solar and heliomagnetic fields.
Buy Essay Online -
Overpopulation Essay | Custom Essays, Term Papers, Research
Sample Resume Business Analyst Resume. This article provides sample resume format for the post of Business Analyst. You can make use of this sample resume format for preparing your actual resume. A business analyst is a vital position in an organization. Business analyst are responsible for analyzing the business needs of an application in an organization. They are responsible for finding out the business problems and also propose solutions for the same, using various business analysis tools and techniques. They are required to and the essays possess good ability to analyze the current system or a proposed system and find the feasibility of systems which is very vital for organizations stability. Business analyst are also involved in preparing cost estimates and thereby play a key role in profitability of studies dissertation proposal, business in an organization. Overpopulation Environment Essays? They must have good written and table tennis rules essay, oral communication skills since they need to overpopulation and the environment interact with different members in the organization namely project managers, designers, testing team, subject matter experts, and customers.
They must continuously upgrade themselves in business knowledge and technical aspects to improve the business process effectively and media studies dissertation proposal, efficiently. 5890, 52, Some Drive, Email:(Include Email Address) I have excellent written and oral communication skill in English and as a business analyst with over 6 years of professional experience, I use my skill to communicate directly with the client and gather details of requirement. I have wide knowledge and experience in reengineering concepts and tools. I make use of my experience to reengineer the process and improve it to make the business effective and efficient. I am well versed in converting the requirements into environment essays effective business design. Story Essays? Having knowledge and experience in software companies I use my knowledge in the process of detailed system design. To take a challenging role on business operations as Business Analyst and give an overpopulation environment essays efficient and effective solution that will help the organization to bid business plan achieve the best solution in business and ultimately increase its productivity in market. • Master of Business Administration, Finance, Wales University, 1999. • Bachelor of Science in Business Management, Stake University, 1997. Microsoft Office tools namely Access, Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint and Word, Lotus Notes, SAP related to Business Warehouse, OOD Visual Basic, UML, and good knowledge on Business Objects.
• Experienced in preparing excellent documentation on business requirements. And The Environment Essays? • Experienced in working with various tools like OOD Visual Basic which is used for requirements gatherings in accounting admissions business. Overpopulation Essays? • Expertise in system design and essays, development required for business process. • Vast experience in Project and Operations Management. • Wide knowledge in re-engineering concept. And The Environment? • Good written and oral communication. • Experienced in sport Project Management, Business Analysis, Business Modeling, and overpopulation environment essays, Data Modeling. Sr. Business Analyst (July 2005- Present) As a Sr. Business Analyst I was involved in various business operations and helped the organization to achieve cost-effective production with increased quality, efficiency and satisfied customer service, documenting the business process by identifying the table requirements and environment, also in finding the system requirements. Due to my good knowledge in SAP, I have provided business process related training to SAP users and sad short essays, also was responsible for implementing the same. Also took an active part in data modeling and business modeling.
Business Analyst (March 2003-July 2005) Took part in environment essays the preparation of Project plan, user acceptance testing. Got a detailed understanding of business functionality and took the responsibility of preparing the Functionality Test Plan which was used by testing team while doing their testing process. I also took part in the meetings with Sr. Business Analyst and managers and understood various process plans, business process, and functionality in detail. This helped me to prepare Integration Test Plan which was used by functional team as well as development team for doing detailed testing on the business application. Consultant (Jan 2002- March 2003) My responsibilities included handling various activities of the project like information gathering, analyzing the information gathered, documenting the functional or business requirements. I also wrote test plans and test cases of the business process or application.
Process Manager (May 2000- Jan 2002) Having got a detailed understanding of the business process as a Process Manager I took the responsibility of identifying new process, finding out gaps in existing process, arranging training modules for new process development and accounting graduate, implementation. Overpopulation Environment Essays? In this aspect I took the essay coordination, management of all activities throughout the organization. Logistics Analyst (April 1999- May 2000) As a Logistics Analyst I assisted the organization in various business operations. I used various research techniques and tools to and the essays find out market position which enabled the organization to widen their opening in new business ventures. Managing and maintaining inventory which required interaction with members of different department namely managers, suppliers, vendors. Plan? Also responsible for producing various day today reports which was used by senior staffs in the organization.
Click here to Download Sample Business Analyst Resume (MS-Word) comments. Editorial Team at Exforsys is a team of IT Consulting and Training team led by Chandra Vennapoosa.
Essay Writing Service -
Over Population And Effects On Environment - UK Essays
The Educational Value of Field Trips. WINTER 2014 / VOL. 14, NO. 1. Jay P. Greene joined EdNext Editor-in-chief Marty West to discuss the benefits of field trips, including how seeing live theater is a more enriching experience to students, on overpopulation and the environment, the EdNext podcast. Crystal Bridges; Crystal Bridges Museum of essays, American Art; School Tour © 2013 Stephen Ironside/Ironside Photography. Bo Bartlett – “The Box” – 2002 • Oil on Linen • 82 x 100 – Photographer is and the essays, Karen Mauch. The school field trip has a long history in American public education.
For decades, students have piled into yellow buses to studies dissertation, visit a variety of cultural institutions, including art, natural history, and science museums, as well as theaters, zoos, and historical sites. Schools gladly endured the expense and and the environment essays, disruption of providing field trips because they saw these experiences as central to their educational mission: schools exist not only to provide economically useful skills in numeracy and influence essay, literacy, but also to and the, produce civilized young men and women who would appreciate the arts and accounting graduate essays, culture. More-advantaged families may take their children to essays, these cultural institutions outside of school hours, but less-advantaged students are less likely to have these experiences if schools do not provide them. With field trips, public schools viewed themselves as the great equalizer in terms of access to proposal, our cultural heritage. Today, culturally enriching field trips are in decline. Museums across the overpopulation country report a steep drop in school tours. For example, the Field Museum in Chicago at one time welcomed more than 300,000 students every year.
Recently the number is below 200,000. Between 2002 and 2007, Cincinnati arts organizations saw a 30 percent decrease in student attendance. Bid Business Plan? A survey by overpopulation and the environment essays, the American Association of rules, School Administrators found that more than half of schools eliminated planned field trips in 2010–11. The decision to reduce culturally enriching field trips reflects a variety of factors. Environment? Financial pressures force schools to make difficult decisions about media studies, how to allocate scarce resources, and overpopulation environment, field trips are increasingly seen as an unnecessary frill. Greater focus on raising student performance on sad short story essays, math and reading standardized tests may also lead schools to cut field trips. Overpopulation And The Environment Essays? Some schools believe that student time would be better spent in the classroom preparing for the exams. When schools do organize field trips, they are increasingly choosing to take students on trips to sad short essays, reward them for overpopulation and the environment essays, working hard to improve their test scores rather than to provide cultural enrichment. Schools take students to amusement parks, sporting events, and movie theaters instead of to museums and historical sites. Plan? This shift from overpopulation and the environment essays “enrichment” to “reward” field trips is reflected in a generational change among teachers about the purposes of these outings. In a 2012?13 survey we conducted of nearly 500 Arkansas teachers, those who had been teaching for at least 15 years were significantly more likely to sad short story, believe that the primary purpose of a field trip is to provide a learning opportunity, while more junior teachers were more likely to see the essays primary purpose as “enjoyment.”
If schools are de-emphasizing culturally enriching field trips, has anything been lost as a result? Surprisingly, we have relatively little rigorous evidence about how field trips affect students. The research presented here is the first large-scale randomized-control trial designed to measure what students learn from media studies proposal school tours of an environment art museum. We find that students learn quite a lot. In particular, enriching field trips contribute to the development of students into civilized young men and women who possess more knowledge about art, have stronger critical-thinking skills, exhibit increased historical empathy, display higher levels of tolerance, and have a greater taste for consuming art and culture. Design of the essays Study and School Tours. The 2011 opening of the Crystal Bridges Museum of overpopulation environment, American Art in Northwest Arkansas created the does go dissertation opportunity for this study. Overpopulation? Crystal Bridges is the first major art museum to be built in the United States in the last four decades, with more than 50,000 square feet of does, gallery space and an endowment in excess of $800 million. Portions of the museum’s endowment are devoted to covering all of the expenses associated with school tours.
Crystal Bridges reimburses schools for the cost of buses, provides free admission and and the environment essays, lunch, and even pays for the cost of substitute teachers to bid business, cover for teachers who accompany students on overpopulation essays, the tour. Because the tour is completely free to tennis rules essay, schools, and because Crystal Bridges was built in an area that never previously had an overpopulation and the environment art museum, there was high demand for school tours. Not all school groups could be accommodated right away. So our research team worked with the bid business staff at Crystal Bridges to assign spots for school tours by overpopulation environment essays, lottery. Plan? During the first two semesters of the school tour program, the museum received 525 applications from overpopulation and the essays school groups representing 38,347 students in kindergarten through grade 12.
We created matched pairs among the applicant groups based on similarity in grade level and other demographic factors. An ideal and common matched pair would be adjacent grades in the same school. We then randomly ordered the matched pairs to determine scheduling prioritization. Sport Influence? Within each pair, we randomly assigned which applicant would be in the treatment group and receive a tour that semester and which would be in the control group and have its tour deferred. We administered surveys to 10,912 students and 489 teachers at 123 different schools three weeks, on average, after the treatment group received its tour. The student surveys included multiple items assessing knowledge about art as well as measures of critical thinking, historical empathy, tolerance, and sustained interest in visiting art museums. Some groups were surveyed as late as eight weeks after the tour, but it was not possible to collect data after longer periods because each control group was guaranteed a tour during the following semester as a reward for its cooperation. There is no indication that the overpopulation and the environment results reported below faded for groups surveyed after longer periods. We also assessed students’ critical-thinking skills by asking them to write a short essay in response to a painting that they had not previously seen. Finally, we collected a behavioral measure of interest in art consumption by providing all students with a coded coupon good for free family admission to a special exhibit at the museum to see whether the field trip increased the likelihood of students making future visits.
All results reported below are derived from regression models that control for student grade level and gender and make comparisons within each matched pair, while taking into account the fact that students in the matched pair of bid business, applicant groups are likely to be similar in overpopulation essays, ways that we are unable to observe. Standard validity tests confirmed that the survey items employed to accounting admissions essays, generate the various scales used as outcomes measured the overpopulation environment same underlying constructs. The intervention we studied is a modest one. Students received a one-hour tour of the museum in which they typically viewed and studies, discussed five paintings. Overpopulation? Some students were free to roam the museum following their formal tour, but the entire experience usually involved less than half a day. Sport Essay? Instructional materials were sent to teachers who went on a tour, but our survey of teachers suggests that these materials received relatively little attention, on overpopulation and the essays, average no more than an hour of total class time. Admissions Essays? The discussion of each painting during the tour was largely student-directed, with the museum educators facilitating the discourse and providing commentary beyond the names of the overpopulation and the environment work and bid business, the artist and a brief description only when students requested it.
This format is now the norm in school tours of overpopulation environment essays, art museums. The aversion to having museum educators provide information about works of influence essay, art is motivated in part by and the essays, progressive education theories and by a conviction among many in museum education that students retain very little factual information from their tours. Recalling Tour Details. Our research suggests that students actually retain a great deal of factual information from their tours. Students who received a tour of the plan museum were able to recall details about the paintings they had seen at very high rates. Overpopulation? For example, 88 percent of the bid business students who saw the Eastman Johnson painting At the and the environment essays Camp—Spinning Yarns and Whittling knew when surveyed weeks later that the painting depicts abolitionists making maple syrup to undermine the sugar industry, which relied on slave labor. Tennis Rules Essay? Similarly, 82 percent of those who saw Norman Rockwell’s Rosie the Riveter could recall that the painting emphasizes the importance of women entering the workforce during World War II. Among students who saw Thomas Hart Benton’s Ploughing It Under , 79 percent recollected that it is a depiction of a farmer destroying his crops as part of a Depression-era price support program. And 70 percent of the overpopulation environment essays students who saw Romare Bearden’s Sacrifice could remember that it is part of the Harlem Renaissance art movement. Since there was no guarantee that these facts would be raised in student-directed discussions, and because students had no particular reason for remembering these details (there was no test or grade associated with the tours), it is impressive that they could recall historical and sociological information at such high rates. These results suggest that art could be an does preface important tool for effectively conveying traditional academic content, but this analysis cannot prove it.
The control-group performance was hardly better than chance in identifying factual information about these paintings, but they never had the opportunity to environment essays, learn the material. The high rate of recall of factual information by students who toured the museum demonstrates that the tours made an impression. The students could remember important details about plan, what they saw and environment essays, discussed. Critical Thinking. Beyond recalling the sad short story details of their tour, did a visit to an art museum have a significant effect on students? Our study demonstrates that it did.
For example, students randomly assigned to receive a school tour of Crystal Bridges later displayed demonstrably stronger ability to think critically about and the, art than the does control group. During the environment first semester of the study, we showed all 3rd- through 12th-grade students a painting they had not previously seen, Bo Bartlett’s The Box . We then asked students to write short essays in response to two questions: What do you think is going on in this painting? And, what do you see that makes you think that? These are standard prompts used by museum educators to spark discussion during school tours. We stripped the does preface essays of and the environment, all identifying information and had two coders rate the compositions using a seven-item rubric for media studies dissertation, measuring critical thinking that was developed by researchers at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston.
The measure is based on the number of instances that students engaged in the following in their essays: observing, interpreting, evaluating, associating, problem finding, comparing, and flexible thinking. Our measure of critical thinking is the sum of the counts of these seven items. In total, our research team blindly scored 3,811 essays. For 750 of essays, those essays, two researchers scored them independently. The scores they assigned to the same essay were very similar, demonstrating that we were able to measure critical thinking about art with a high degree of inter-coder reliability. We express the tennis essay impact of a school tour of Crystal Bridges on overpopulation essays, critical-thinking skills in terms of standard-deviation effect sizes. Overall, we find that students assigned by lottery to a tour of the museum improve their ability to think critically about art by 9 percent of dissertation, a standard deviation relative to the control group. The benefit for overpopulation essays, disadvantaged groups is considerably larger (see Figure 1). Rural students, who live in towns with fewer than 10,000 people, experience an increase in critical-thinking skills of nearly one-third of a standard deviation. Students from bid business plan high-poverty schools (those where more than 50 percent of students receive free or reduced-price lunches) experience an 18 percent effect-size improvement in critical thinking about art, as do minority students.
Click to overpopulation and the environment, enlarge. A large amount of the gain in critical-thinking skills stems from an increase in the number of observations that students made in their essays. Media Studies Dissertation? Students who went on a tour became more observant, noticing and describing more details in an image. Being observant and paying attention to detail is an important and environment, highly useful skill that students learn when they study and discuss works of bid business, art. Additional research is required to determine if the gains in critical thinking when analyzing a work of art would transfer into improved critical thinking about other, non-art-related subjects.
Historical Empathy. Tours of art museums also affect students’ values. Visiting an art museum exposes students to a diversity of ideas, peoples, places, and time periods. That broadening experience imparts greater appreciation and understanding. And The Environment Essays? We see the effects in significantly higher historical empathy and tolerance measures among students randomly assigned to a school tour of Crystal Bridges. Historical empathy is the ability to plan, understand and appreciate what life was like for people who lived in a different time and place. This is overpopulation and the environment essays, a central purpose of admissions essays, teaching history, as it provides students with a clearer perspective about their own time and overpopulation and the essays, place. To measure historical empathy, we included three statements on influence, the survey with which students could express their level of overpopulation and the environment essays, agreement or disagreement: 1) I have a good understanding of how early Americans thought and felt; 2) I can imagine what life was like for people 100 years ago; and 3) When looking at a painting that shows people, I try to imagine what those people are thinking. We combined these items into a scale measuring historical empathy. Students who went on rules essay, a tour of Crystal Bridges experience a 6 percent of a standard deviation increase in historical empathy.
Among rural students, the benefit is overpopulation environment, much larger, a 15 percent of a standard deviation gain. We can illustrate this benefit by sport influence essay, focusing on one of the items in the historical empathy scale. When asked to and the environment, agree or disagree with the statement, “I have a good understanding of how early Americans thought and felt,” 70 percent of the treatment-group students express agreement compared to 66 percent of the control group. Among rural participants, 69 percent of the rules essay treatment-group students agree with this statement compared to 62 percent of the control group. The fact that Crystal Bridges features art from different periods in and the environment, American history may have helped produce these gains in historical empathy. Tolerance. To measure tolerance we included four statements on sport influence, the survey to which students could express their level of overpopulation environment, agreement or disagreement: 1) People who disagree with my point of admissions, view bother me; 2) Artists whose work is critical of America should not be allowed to have their work shown in art museums; 3) I appreciate hearing views different from my own; and 4) I think people can have different opinions about the same thing. Overpopulation And The Environment? We combined these items into a scale measuring the general effect of the tour on tolerance. Overall, receiving a school tour of an art museum increases student tolerance by 7 percent of a standard deviation.
As with critical thinking, the benefits are much larger for table tennis essay, students in disadvantaged groups. Rural students who visited Crystal Bridges experience a 13 percent of a standard deviation improvement in tolerance. For students at high-poverty schools, the benefit is 9 percent of a standard deviation. The improvement in tolerance for students who went on a tour of Crystal Bridges can be illustrated by the responses to one of the items within the tolerance scale. When asked about the statement, “Artists whose work is overpopulation and the environment essays, critical of America should not be allowed to have their work shown in art museums,” 35 percent of the control-group students express agreement.
But for preface, students randomly assigned to receive a school tour of the art museum, only 32 percent agree with censoring art critical of America. And The? Among rural students, 34 percent of the control group would censor art compared to bid business plan, 30 percent for the treatment group. In high-poverty schools, 37 percent of the control-group students would censor compared to essays, 32 percent of the treatment-group students. These differences are not huge, but neither is the intervention. These changes represent the realistic improvement in tolerance that results from a half-day experience at an art museum. Interest in Art Museums. Perhaps the most important outcome of a school tour is whether it cultivates an interest among students in returning to cultural institutions in the future. Table Tennis Rules? If visiting a museum helps improve critical thinking, historical empathy, tolerance, and other outcomes not measured in overpopulation environment, this study, then those benefits would compound for students if they were more likely to frequent similar cultural institutions throughout their life.
The direct effects of a single visit are necessarily modest and table tennis rules, may not persist, but if school tours help students become regular museum visitors, they may enjoy a lifetime of overpopulation, enhanced critical thinking, tolerance, and historical empathy. We measured how school tours of Crystal Bridges develop in students an interest in visiting art museums in two ways: with survey items and a behavioral measure. We included a series of items in the survey designed to gauge student interest: • I plan to visit art museums when I am an adult. • I would tell my friends they should visit an art museum. • Trips to art museums are interesting. • Trips to art museums are fun. • Would your friend like to go to an art museum on a field trip? • Would you like more museums in sad short, your community?
• How interested are you in visiting art museums? • If your friends or family wanted to go to an art museum, how interested would you be in environment, going? Interest in visiting art museums among students who toured the museum is 8 percent of a standard deviation higher than that in the randomized control group. Among rural students, the plan increase is overpopulation and the environment, much larger: 22 percent of a standard deviation. Students at high-poverty schools score 11 percent of sport essay, a standard deviation higher on the cultural consumer scale if they were randomly assigned to tour the museum. And minority students gain 10 percent of overpopulation and the, a standard deviation in their desire to be art consumers. One of the eight items in the art consumer scale asked students to express the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with the statement, “I would tell my friends they should visit an does go dissertation art museum.” For all students who received a tour, 70 percent agree with this statement, compared to 66 percent in the control group.
Among rural participants, 73 percent of the treatment-group students agree versus 63 percent of the control group. In high-poverty schools, 74 percent would recommend art museums to their friends compared to 68 percent of the control group. Overpopulation And The? And among minority students, 72 percent of those who received a tour would tell their friends to visit an art museum, relative to sad short, 67 percent of the control group. Students, particularly those from disadvantaged backgrounds, are more likely to environment essays, have positive feelings about visiting museums if they receive a school tour. We also measured whether students are more likely to visit Crystal Bridges in the future if they received a school tour. All students who participated in the study during the first semester, including those who did not receive a tour, were provided with a coupon that gave them and their families free entry to a special exhibit at Crystal Bridges.
The coupons were coded so that we could determine the applicant group to which students belonged. Students had as long as six months after receipt of the coupon to use it. We collected all redeemed coupons and studies proposal, were able to calculate how many adults and youths were admitted. Though students in the treatment group received 49 percent of all coupons that were distributed, 58 percent of the people admitted to the special exhibit with those coupons came from the treatment group. In other words, the environment families of students who received a tour were 18 percent more likely to return to the museum than we would expect if their rate of coupon use was the same as their share of distributed coupons. This is particularly impressive given that the treatment-group students had recently visited the sport influence essay museum. Their desire to environment, visit a museum might have been satiated, while the control group might have been curious to rules essay, visit Crystal Bridges for the first time. Despite having recently been to the museum, students who received a school tour came back at higher rates. And The? Receiving a school tour cultivates a taste for visiting art museums, and perhaps for accounting graduate admissions, sharing the experience with others.
One consistent pattern in our results is and the essays, that the benefits of a school tour are generally much larger for sport, students from overpopulation environment less-advantaged backgrounds. Students from rural areas and high-poverty schools, as well as minority students, typically show gains that are two to three times larger than those of the total sample. Disadvantaged students assigned by lottery to receive a school tour of an accounting graduate art museum make exceptionally large gains in critical thinking, historical empathy, tolerance, and becoming art consumers. It appears that the less prior exposure to culturally enriching experiences students have, the larger the benefit of receiving a school tour of a museum. We have some direct measures to support this explanation. To isolate the effect of the overpopulation essays first time visiting the museum, we truncated our sample to include only control-group students who had never visited Crystal Bridges and plan, treatment-group students who had visited for environment essays, the first time during their tour. The effect for this first visit is studies proposal, roughly twice as large as that for the overall sample, just as it is for disadvantaged students. In addition, we administered a different version of environment, our survey to students in kindergarten through 2nd grade. Very young students are less likely to have had previous exposure to culturally enriching experiences. Very young students make exceptionally large improvements in the observed outcomes, just like disadvantaged students and graduate essays, first-time visitors.
When we examine effects for subgroups of advantaged students, we typically find much smaller or null effects. Students from large towns and low-poverty schools experience few significant gains from their school tour of an art museum. If schools do not provide culturally enriching experiences for these students, their families are likely to have the inclination and ability to provide those experiences on their own. But the overpopulation essays families of preface go dissertation, disadvantaged students are less likely to substitute their own efforts when schools do not offer culturally enriching experiences. Disadvantaged students need their schools to take them on environment, enriching field trips if they are likely to have these experiences at media dissertation proposal all. School field trips to cultural institutions have notable benefits. Students randomly assigned to receive a school tour of an art museum experience improvements in their knowledge of and ability to think critically about art, display stronger historical empathy, develop higher tolerance, and are more likely to visit such cultural institutions as art museums in the future. Overpopulation And The Essays? If schools cut field trips or switch to “reward” trips that visit less-enriching destinations, then these important educational opportunities are lost. It is particularly important that schools serving disadvantaged students provide culturally enriching field trip experiences. This first-ever, large-scale, random-assignment experiment of the effects of school tours of an art museum should help inform the thinking of school administrators, educators, policymakers, and philanthropists.
Policymakers should consider these results when deciding whether schools have sufficient resources and appropriate policy guidance to take their students on tours of cultural institutions. School administrators should give thought to these results when deciding whether to use their resources and sport, time for these tours. And philanthropists should weigh these results when deciding whether to build and maintain these cultural institutions with quality educational programs. We don’t just want our children to acquire work skills from overpopulation and the essays their education; we also want them to develop into civilized people who appreciate the breadth of human accomplishments. The school field trip is an important tool for meeting this goal. Jay P. Greene is professor of sport essay, education reform at essays the University of Arkansas, where Brian Kisida is a senior research associate and Daniel H. Bowen is a doctoral student. The Hoover Institution at Stanford University - Ideas Defining a Free Society. Harvard Kennedy School Program on Educational Policy and Governance. Thomas Fordham Institute - Advancing Educational Excellence and Education Reform. education next daily email alert. education next posts a big story.
Web-only content Copyright © 2017 President Fellows of Harvard College. Journal content Copyright © 2017 by the Board of Trustees of influence essay, Leland Stanford Junior University.
Buy Essay Online Cheap -
Cause And Effect Of Overpopulation Proofread Essay Example
essay title ideas Advice about writing an essay. The importance of and the, essays. Some suggestions for good essay writing: You will develop your own techniques for essay writing, so use the does go dissertation following plan as advice, not as a straightjacket. The plan starts with bullet points.
Click on the coloured word by one of overpopulation and the essays, these to accounting, go to the advice about the overpopulation essays point. Use your analysis to start drafting your introduction. Start your bibliography. Review your resources, starting with what you already know and moving on to what you need to research. Generate ideas and use these to draft a summary of what your essay may be about. Read and take notes from the recommended sources, guided by the preparation you have already done. Develop your ideas in the light of your reading. One way to do this is by revising your draft summary. Draft the body of the essay without looking at your notes or books. Then turn to the notes and books for the evidence for the arguments you have made in the essay. Reference as you go along . Show your draft to someone else who will give you feedback on the issues listed below.
Rewrite your essay in the light of their feedback. Most courses give you essay titles that point you clearly in the direction your essay should go. Begin by analysing this title and preface go dissertation, the guidance given in other ways, like the reading list. The parts of an essay title are its key words. Every aspect of the essay title needs to be covered by your essay. So analysing lets you see what your essay should contain.
It also helps you to focus your essay. You should not just write around a subject in a general way. It is really important to spend time thinking about what the essay title means, and how to answer it. Analysing helps you see what is wanted. A title we can analyse as an example is Outline the concepts of reason and politics in Plato's Republic . Show how they relate. This tells you a source you must use (a book by Plato, called the Republic ), and two concepts (reason and politics) that you should investigate in overpopulation environment, it. The title also tells you that you should outline the sad short essays concepts of reason and overpopulation and the essays, politics that you find in table tennis rules, the Republic , and that you should show how they relate . Sources are often suggested in a reading list rather than in the title. Now that you know what you are doing, review your resources : What you need to know. Where information can be obtained. Use your analysis to start drafting your introduction . The analysis has given you a plan of the essay, which is used to draft the first outline of the overpopulation environment essay introduction. Your introduction will eventually contain a summary and an argument, as well as an table tennis rules essay outline . Start your draft bibliography . Your bibliography will relate to references in the body or text of the essay, which you add as you go along.
Drafting the introduction and body of the text is discussed in greater detail below. Use whatever technique you find necessary to start your ideas flowing. Once they have started to flow, you will be able to tighten them up. Develop your ideas. It is and the environment essays, important to build the essay on ideas that you develop yourself, and not to graduate, just follow the pattern of ideas that someone else has provided. You will need, therefore, to develop a technique that uses your notes on overpopulation environment essays, books, but does not let the notes set the pattern of admissions essays, your essay.
Your essay needs to be organised by you and to overpopulation and the environment essays, express your interpretation and influence, understanding of the subject. This is what people mean when they say that you should write in your own words. Essays? The best way to do this is to force yourself to write without referring to influence essay, books or notes. Having made your notes, put them aside for a while and write your first draft essay without looking at them or your books. When you have the first draft of the essay written in overpopulation and the environment essays, your own words (that is, without referring to books or notes) you can go to books and notes for the quotations and references that you need to substantiate your argument and for material that will help you to influence, develop your essay further. As you look for evidence in your notes and books you will probably find that you need to and the environment, revise your arguments. Rewrite your essay including all the evidence that you can find to back up your argument in your notes, or in the books, articles etc you are using. Adjust your argument if the media dissertation proposal evidence does not fit it.
Try drafting your essay in four parts: an and the environment introduction a body (which includes references) a conclusion a bibliography (which relates to the references in the body) If you draft on paper, the draft of each part should be on separate sheets to allow you to bid business, redraft more easily. Environment Essays? You will probably find you redraft the introduction more often than the other parts. Essay? The parts will be physically put together in your final version. The introduction explains the academic problem as you see it and tells the and the essays reader what is in sport influence, your essay. Overpopulation And The? To do this, always include an outline (plan) of the organisation (structure) of the table tennis essay body of the essay. You should also include a summary of the essay. Overpopulation And The Essays? A good introduction will also include an admissions argument statement . The draft outline usually follows naturally from the analysis of the essay title . As a start, you may organise the essay in the order that the issues are raised in the title. As you proceed with the essay, its plan will become more complex (sophisticated), and the outline in the introduction should be updated as the essay develops. The issues you deal with in an essay should follow on from one another in a meaningful way.
Regularly revising a summary of the essay will help you see if you are doing this. Your argument is the case that you are making. You make a statement of it in the introduction and a demonstration of it in the body of the essay. The body of the essay presents the and the environment essays evidence for story essays, the statement. The body of an overpopulation and the environment essays essay is also called its content or text . It is the preface largest part of the essay and contains the points you want to essays, make in greater detail than the essay introduction (because they are being explained) and with the evidence for overpopulation and the essays, them. It must show the reader that you know your subject. You do this by explaining the subject to the reader. It is a fatal mistake to think the marker already knows this subject. I will discuss it without explaining it.
The marker is looking for evidence that you know the subject. Just as a mathematician will want to see how students have worked out the media dissertation proposal answers to their sums, an overpopulation environment essays essay marker will want to see how students reach conclusions. It should also present the evidence for the essay's argument. The conclusion If your essay's argument has been stated in the introduction, your conclusion can be just a brief summary of your main points. If you find that your conclusion includes important points not already fully covered, you should seriously consider whether they need including in go dissertation, the introduction, or omitting. The bibliography is the list of books and overpopulation and the, other sources you use for the essay. The bibliography should relate to references in the essay. See ABC Referencing for a list of what you need to reference . Reference as you go along is not just much easier than trying to write all the references when the essay is almost finished, it is also one of the most powerful ways of improving your academic writing. To prepare references as you proceed, you will need to begin a draft bibliography as soon as you begin reading, record the source of all notes you take, and enter references in drafts you write. To prepare a draft bibliography you should make a list of each book or article you use, recording: The author's surname and initial, The year of edition you are using.
This is at bid business plan the front of most books. And The Environment Essays? If several dates are given, the one you want is the copyright date. This is often shown by the sign © The place of publication, The Publisher. When you make notes from books, make sure that you make a note of the book the notes come from and the page number. Then, if you use those notes in an essay, you will know which book and accounting graduate admissions essays, what page to reference. Referencing drafts is relatively easy if you have sorted out overpopulation and the essays your bibliography entry for the work you are referencing. If you want to reference something on page ten of a book whose Bibliography entry is: Smith, A. 1997, Invented Book, Burke Publishers, London. You just need to enter (Smith, A. p.10) in the text of influence, your draft at the point you want to reference the book. You could get good ideas about making your essay clearer by asking a friend to look at the draft.
Sometimes tutors will look at essay drafts and make comments. Environment Essays? Or you may get comments from English Support Tutors. Click here for an explanation of feedback. and why friends and other students. may be good at giving it. Points that other people could give you feedback on. The Bibliography and References . The reader can check that there is a bibliography at the end of the essay and bid business plan, that the and the environment key word in studies proposal, each bibliography entry matches the key word in the relevant references.
The reader should feel confident that he or she would be able to find the source that is and the essays, being referred to in each case. References to books should give a page number. If the reader does not know the Harvard system of referencing, the writer should explain it. The Introduction . Media? The essay should have an introduction that is distinct from the body of the essay and explains what the essay is about. If this exists, does it give the reader a framework (outline or essay plan) of the order in which issues are to be dealt with in the essay? If so, the overpopulation and the environment essays reader should look at the body of the essay to see if it is influence essay, clear to and the environment, him or her that the does preface author is following the outline. The outline indicates the organisation, or structure, of the overpopulation environment essay. Readers will be able to bid business plan, say if this was clear to them, and may be able to make suggestions for improvements.
It is helpful if the introduction also says what the key texts used for the essay are. It does not need to use this term, but it should show what the essay is environment essays, based on. The outline of the essay is the essential part of an introduction. Table Tennis Rules? As students' essay writing skills develop they will also begin to include an argument and a summary of the overpopulation essay in the introduction. Media Dissertation? Student groups can help one another by discussing what these terms mean, by seeing if they can recognise arguments in one another's essays, and by discussing how to construct a summary.
Content Does the essay show to the reader what the essays writer knows about the subject? Or are there issues that the reader is left in the dark about? How much does the table tennis rules reader feel he or she has learnt about the overpopulation environment essays subject by reading the essay? Readability Can the reader understand the essay? Is it clearly written or are there words that are difficult to read, or which appear to media studies dissertation proposal, be missed out, or spelt in a way that the reader is not sure which word is meant? Does the essay explain the terms it uses (especially terms relevant to the title)? Is the meaning of every part of the essay clear and unambiguous? If the reader notes terms and passages that he or she finds difficult to understand, the writer can explain them verbally.
This should help the writer to overpopulation and the environment essays, rewrite the passages and explain the terms in the essay. It is useful to check (proof-read) your essay through for preface, different things. Check that you have written the title at the top of the essay. Environment? Think about the title and check that your essay discusses every aspect of it . Check that the introduction correctly describes the story essays body of the essay. And The Essays? The structure of the essay should follow the outline and bid business, the summary should accurately describe what the essay says. Check that you say what you mean. It is overpopulation and the essays, suprising how often some of us write something different to what we meant to say. These are mistakes that a friend may notice quicker than the writer does. Check for logical argument : Have you got an argument? Have you stated it in the introduction?
Have you followed your argument through logically in the body of the essay? Have you recapped it in the conclusion? Check for the use of evidence to back up the argument. Evidence may be references to an author you are interpreting. Have you shown how your argument is supported by quotations and other references to the authors your essay is about? Check for the accurate presentation of quotations and graduate admissions essays, references . Are quotations clearly identified? Do the references use the Harvard system? Do the references allow the reader to trace the work and page they refer to? If you are using a wordprocessor, take time to run the spellchecker. Then read the essay through for overpopulation environment, the spelling mistakes that a spellchecker misses, and for its grammar. You may have a friend who can read the essay through for sad short essays, spelling mistakes and overpopulation and the essays, grammatical errors.
Someone else can often see errors that the influence writer misses. Overpopulation Environment Essays? Some people find computer grammar checkers useful. Check that the essay is laid out in logical paragraphs , with a clear line between each paragraph to make sure they do not become merged. When you have finished your essay, make a last check that the accounting graduate admissions outline, argument and summary in your introduction correctly describe the rest of the essay. If they do not, rewrite the overpopulation and the introduction. Only submit your essay after you have made sure you have a copy and that the copy is safely filed where you will be able to recover it. If your essay was written on a wordprocessor you will have an sad short essays electronic copy of it. If not, make a photocopy.
It is important to keep a copy of your essay in case the original goes astray. Essays are also sources you will want to refer to later. So file it in a way that is convenient for future reference. Essays are valuable records for future reference. Click here for environment, advice on record keeping. There may be courses which are very strict about word limits, but usually the does preface following student will be throwing away marks by not writing an extra hundred words: I have written as concisely as I can, but there is an essential point I have not been able to explain properly because of the word limit. Overpopulation Environment? I need the material I have to explain the subject properly, but this means that my argument is not fully stated. I am already 10% over the limit and I would need an accounting graduate admissions essays extra hundred words to state it fully. The marks lost (if any) for taking the extra hundred words will almost certainly be small compared by the marks gained by a fully stated argument. If your essay is overpopulation essays, more than 10% under the word limit, or if it is very long, you should not pad it out with material, or hack material out.
Instead, look at the content of the essay to see if you can improve that by lengthening or shortening . What to do if your essay is too short. Sometimes essays are short because the writer has only done part of what was asked. Accounting Admissions? Check to see that every aspect of the title has been covered, that any other instructions have been followed and that you have an adequate introduction that is followed through in the body of the essay. An essay can be too short because it needs to environment essays, be more explicit. Bid Business Plan? Look at whether you have fully explained everything. Overpopulation Environment Essays? It may be that you have left a lot of the thoughts in your head to be inferred, rather than saying them. The reflections of this student may help you: I realised through my essay drafts that I tend to condense information making the essay very short and straight to the point.
I have made improvements, but the habit is ingrained and plan, I need to overpopulation essays, make more. To do this, I must expand on my thoughts, ideas and opinions, explain in more depth the sad short story point I am trying to make, and write an essay imagining that the person who may read it has no clue about the subject. You may need to include quotations to illustrate what you have said, or you may find that you have used quotations without explaining them. And The Environment Essays? If your essay is well explained and story, linked to the sources it draws on by referencing and quotation, see if there are points that could be better explained or more points that would benefit by referencing and quotation. What to do if your essay is overpopulation and the environment essays, too long. Do you always know what you are saying, or are there places where you are just throwing words in?
Replace vague passages that do not say anything important, and passages that ramble, with sentences that are to the point. Try focusing your introduction more on the title, and then checking to see that the tennis rules body of the essay sticks to what you focused on overpopulation, and does not wander all over the place. Remove material that is not relevant to what you say you are doing. Using ways like this should improve the essay and shorten it at the same time. Précising and bid business plan, paraphrasing are good practice for overpopulation environment essays, any writer. One use of Précising is to creat a summary or abstract of table essay, your writing for overpopulation environment, the introduction . Traditonal steps in précis writing. You could précis any piece of bid business, writing, including your own.
In the environment essays traditional précis students reduce a passage of writing to a third or a quarter of media studies, its original length by taking these steps: Read through the whole passage to get an overall view. Read it through again, underlining each important point. These will all need to be included in essays, the précis. Write a summary of the passage with all the table essay underlined (above) points in the appropriate order, omitting all unnecessary matter. Compare the summary with the original and and the essays, add anything of importance that had been left out. Check the approximate length to see how close you are to the length aimed at. Re-read carefully to table tennis essay, see if the overpopulation and the environment summary flows smoothly and is grammatically correct.
Some essays are difficult to understand because material has been copied from plan books with no understanding of the meaning. These essays are often too long as well, as the writer does not know what to cut out. If this is what you do, read about: avoiding copying and plagiarism.