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outline format essay Sure, you’re a lover not a fighter. I am too. But that doesn’t mean that you can avoid writing your argumentative essay! Since you have to write an argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right? I’ve said it time and time again—there’s nothing worse than staring at a blank page. Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the perfect way to turn your blank document into proposal health care a ready-to-use template. Antigone Essays. All you have to do is fill in the blanks! In this blog post, I’m going to share with you how to create an health care, argumentative essay outline. At the end, I’ll give you a downloadable skeleton outline you can use to ib environmental essay get started.
Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline. That’s not so bad! There’s really nothing to be afraid of. Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of dissertation proposal these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument. It’s made up of a hook, background information, and a thesis statement. 1. Hook. Your first sentence is best writing comprised of a “hook.” Don’t know what a hook is?
A hook is a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the attention of a martial arts fan. Let’s say I’m writing an dissertation health care, argumentative essay about why American people should start eating insects. My hook could be, “For those interested in improving their diets and the environment, say ‘goodbye’ to eating chicken, fish, and beef and ‘hello’ to eating silk worms, crickets, and caterpillars.” If you’re having trouble coming up with a good hook, I recommend reading my blog post How to essay about utilitarianism Write Good Hook Sentences. 2. Proposal. Background information. The next part of your intro is dedicated to offering some detailed background information on your topic. Try answering the following questions: What is the issue at hand? Who cares? Where is this issue prevalent? Why is it important?
For example, “Insects are abundant, nutritious, and environmentally sustainable. Currently, people in the United States shun the idea of eating insects as part of their diets, favoring instead less nutritious and environmentally destructive food options, such as beef and pork. The UN recently issued a statement calling for cmm operator resume more world citizens to embrace the many benefits of eating insects.” 3. Thesis. Your thesis typically makes up the last sentence of your intro paragraph. This is where you clearly state your position on dissertation proposal the topic and give a reason for your stance. For example, “A diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change, and therefore, United States citizens should learn to rely on a variety of insects over etd dissertations chicken, beef, and proposal, fish as their main source of protein and nutrition.” Notice the word “should” in my thesis statement? Using this word makes it clear I’m taking a stance on the argument.
You’ll also notice that my thesis statement sets up the cmm operator resume three claims I’m going to expand on later: a diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and dissertation proposal care, climate change. Let’s talk about adding those claims to our argumentative essay outline now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 2: Developing Your Argument. Now that you have filled in the general points of your topic and cmm operator resume, outlined your stance in the introduction, it’s time to develop your argument. In my sample outline, I show three claims, each backed by three points of evidence. Offering three claims is health care just a suggestion; you may find that you only have two claims to make, or four. The exact number of essay claims you choose to include doesn’t matter (unless, of course, your teacher has given you a specific requirement). What matters is that you develop your argument as thoroughly as possible. 1. What is a claim? A claim is a statement you make to dissertation proposal health support your argument.
For example, “Bugs are highly nutritious and eating them can fix the problem of hunger and systems extended, malnutrition in the United States.” Great! So I’ve made my claim. But who’s going to believe me? This is where evidence comes into play. 2. Dissertation Proposal Care. What is evidence?
For each claim you make, you need to provide supporting evidence. Evidence is factual information from reliable sources. It is not personal knowledge or anecdotal. For example, “Researchers at the Food and cmm operator resume, Agricultural Organization of the United States state that ‘Termites are rich in dissertation proposal health care protein, fatty acids, and other micronutrients. Fried or dried termites contain 32–38 percent proteins.’“ My outline shows three pieces of evidence to support each claim, but you may find that each claim doesn’t necessarily have three pieces of evidence to back it.
Once again, the exact number doesn’t necessarily matter (unless your teacher has given you instructions), but you need enough evidence to services dc 2011 make your claim believable. Once you have gathered your evidence to support your claims, it’s time to add the next important element of your argumentative essay outline: refuting your opponents’ arguments. Let’s talk about that now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 3: Refuting Opponents’ Arguments. In this section, you state your opponents’ views and proposal care, then offer a rebuttal. For example, “Opponents of essays insect eating from the dissertation health care Beef Council of America say that it is too difficult and time consuming to beetroot coursework catch crickets, so it is not easy to dissertation proposal health gather enough food for a meal, whereas a cow is large and contains a lot of meat for many meals.” Oh diss! We know the Beef Council just wants us to cmm operator keep eating McD’s hamburgers and skip the cricket soup. (By the proposal health way—I just made that up. The Beef Council did not say that.
In your essay, make sure to use real facts.) Now it’s time to set the opponents straight with a refutation that is full of hard evidence and that will bring them to systems extended essay their knees. For example, “According to researchers Cerritos and Cano-Santana, the best time to dissertation proposal harvest crickets is to catch them in the hour just before sunrise when they are least active. Coursework. What’s more, it is easy to develop the dissertation proposal infrastructure to farm crickets in a way that is more sustainable than cattle farming.” Booyah! The Beef Council has been served (crickets). Once you have refuted your opponents’ viewpoints, it’s time to sail to the finish line with your conclusion. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 4: Conclusion.
In your conclusion, you are going to accomplish two important tasks. 1. Restate the importance of your issue. Similar to what you did in your introduction, you want to restate why this topic is critical. For example, “Simply by incorporating insects into their diets, U.S. citizens can improve the sustainability and nutrition of the American diet.” 2. Paint a picture of the world if your argument is (or is not) implemented. In the final part of your conclusion, make your audience think about the ramifications of your argument. Etd Dissertations. What would happen if people started eating insects as a staple of their diets? For example, “The world would be a better place if more people ate insects as a part of their diets.
Fewer people would go hungry, more people would get the vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients they need to live healthy lifestyles, and our planet would be relieved of the burden of an unsustainable food system. Closing with a clear picture of the world as you would like it to health care be can leave your reader convinced that your argument is best writing valid. Download the Argumentative Essay Outline Template. Download this skeleton Argumentative Essay Outline to get started. Before you go off into the sunset and use my outline template, make sure that you are following the guidelines specific to your course. While this is a pretty standard outline, there are other ways to outline your argumentative essay. If you’re interested in learning more about argumentative essays, I suggest reading The Secrets of a Strong Argumentative Essay. Want even more knowledge? Check out this argumentative essay infographic! If you’re looking for some ideas, check out dissertation proposal care these argumentative essay examples. When you have your argumentative essay and outline ready to go, you can always have one of our awesome editors give it a second look.
Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over beetroot 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. wow this was really help full. Super! I’m really happy to help. #128578; Hi I have a 20 minute presentation to health care do on the history of cognitive-behaviour therapy. Don’t know where to cmm operator resume begin.
Is this the proposal health same as doing an argument. This sounds more like an best resume writing, expository essay. An expository essay (or presentation in dissertation care your case) has the sophocles essays goal of informing the dissertation health audience on a specific topic. Usually you don’t take an antigone essays, argumentative stance for or against dissertation proposal health these topics. Best Dc 2011. For more information on expository writing visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-expository-essay/ hi i need some help on an argument . The topic is proposal internet a guide or a distraction. i hope u can help. Do you think the internet is a guide or a distraction? I would suggest writing a thesis statement like this: You could focus on arguing for the internet: “The internet is sophocles a useful guide as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.” OR you could focus on arguing against the internet: “The internet is an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.” OR, and this is the best option, you could focus on arguing how to best use the proposal care internet: “The internet can be both a useful guide as shown by evidence 1 and evidence 2, but it can also be an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 3 and evidence 4. Antigone Sophocles. It is important to set personal limits on web use including solution 1, solution 2, and solution 3.”
Personal limits could include things such as limiting yourself to health care viewing only specific websites during work/study hours, limiting overall time online, and a2 biology beetroot coursework, other things like that! Hi Liz, well first you need to pick a side. What do you think? Should they have their licenses revoked? Then you need to come up with a few reasons for why you think this. Can you find any examples of dissertation proposal health how this tactic has worked (or hasn’t worked). What about people who lose their licenses for a2 biology other (criminal) reasons, is this type of punishment effective? Why or why not? Come up with approx three claims to support your side. Find some evidence to support your claims.
Lay out how each of the two authors approach the topic of the Crusades. Dissertation Care. What do they have in common? What is different? Super happy to help! thank you so much for this! You are welcome so much! Thanks for antigone sophocles reading. #128578; Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on freedom of speech rights and the 1st amendment and I have two sides of the argument. I am for proposal freedom of speech if it doesn’t harm other people and I have some cases where the supreme court are avoiding the ib environmental systems extended laws stated in the amendment but I’m on the court’s side of restricting inappropriate speech in a school environment. How should I start out health my argument?
I think you need to combine your two perspectives into one focused argument. Do you, perhaps, want to ib environmental systems essay argue that inappropriate speech in dissertation a school environment is actually harmful to other people? That way, it falls into your first argument (pro-free speech as long as it’s not harmful) quite nicely. Antigone Essays. Good luck! it has helped a lot …… great work. Thanks!
Glad you liked it. Care. #128578; Thank you very much :)) You are welcome! Thanks for reading #128578; HI, I am writing an essay about, argumentative essay on how different governments should provide additional funding to increase awareness of human trafficking, prevent human trafficking, and help victims who have been trafficked.
I am not sure where to proposal care start from. Hi–some of these example essays on human trafficking may give you ideas on how to antigone essays get started: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/human%20trafficking. Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on dissertation health how is social media like Facebook or Twitter beneficial or harmful to its users? I am not sure how to start from there. Hi Rosie– you might find inspiration on how to get started by reviewing some of these example essays on social media: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/social%20media. Hi, i was wondering if in the conclusion of the resume essay you need to end it with a question, something for proposal health care the reader to continue to think about after reading or is it unnecessary? Great question!
Asking a larger question is definitely one great conclusion technique. Some teachers/profs really like this, while others prefer that you tie everything up with a neat little bow. I recommend you check out resume this post on the topic of care conclusions: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ This helped a lot! Thanks, love how its broken down. I have a question though. Cmm Operator. Should the dissertation proposal care conclusion have its own paragraph or can I include the conclusion with opponents argument? I definitely recommend giving your conclusion its own paragraph.
You don’t want to leave your readers hanging on to just your opponent’s argument! You can learn more about systems extended essay writing conclusions in this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ Helped me to help my students #128578; I was wondering if you can show a sample essay with these elements in use? Thank you #128578; Awesome! I love to hear that.
That’s a really great idea… and one that I intend to implement in upcoming blog posts. However, at proposal health this time I don’t readily have access to a knock out example. Essay. –Naomi. HELP. I am having a hard time with my argumentative research essay on drug testing to receive state benefits a.e. Proposal Care. T.A.N.F, food stamps.. I’m getting so frustrated and I dont have any idea where to begin.. I found it very useful! Thanks a lot #128512;
You’re welcome a lot! Thanks for reading. Etd Dissertations. #128578; thanks helped me a lot luv your work 3. can u do a website on health care argumentiv wtiting starters plz im a begener. OMG. THX so much this helped a ton. You are so welcome!
Thanks for reading. #128578; You’re welcome! Wow that’s a great idea for an essay. Very intriguing. is this guide ok for an eight grader test. Yasss…This blog is reliable…Thanks ? Woot! Glad you like it. Etd Dissertations. #128578;
I’m happy to hear it. #128578; Thanks for your comment. I have to write an argumentative. research essay about the dissertation proposal career of my choice, which is sports marketing. I’m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Best Writing. Am I defending my choice of dissertation proposal health care careers? Am I talking about it’s importance in the world? It’s just something I am interested in etd dissertations so I am not sure how to proposal care write an cmm operator, argumentative paper about dissertation proposal health it. I have to write an argumentative research essay about the career of a2 biology my choice, which is sports marketing. Proposal Care. I’m not sure what type of services dc 2011 arguments I need to make. Am I defending my choice of careers?
Am I talking about dissertation proposal it’s importance in the world? It’s just something I am interested in ib environmental extended essay so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about it. Hi there–I’d double check your assignment for clues on dissertation care how to approach this. If there really aren’t any additional clues, I would go with your first instinct to defend your choice of careers. Why are you interested?
Is the best resume pay worth it? What makes you cut out for this career in particular? A thesis statement might look like: Sports marketing is the dissertation proposal perfect career choice for me as it will allow me to use my strengths in XYZ, make a decent income, all while keeping me interested and engaged. Then use the rest of your essay to fill out those key points. Thanks! That’s helpful. Here’s what the assignment says: “In your argumentative research essay, you will a) conduct research about a successful and realistic career of your choice, b) use this research and accompanying commentary and rhetoric to create an argument that you will eventually present and defend to a group of peers. This assignment serves to create a foundation for personal statements, resumes and etd dissertations, CVs, and even interviews in proposal health which you will be asked about your chosen career path and its significance to you. The evidence you collect during your research should support and justify your pursuit of any given career.” Do you think I will be on essays track if I use your suggested thesis?
Yes–I do. You’ll also want to find some hard facts and proposal health care, statistics to support your claims. Writing Dc 2011. For example, dig up how much it will cost for you to proposal health care get your degree and weigh that against antigone your potential income. You’ll want to start with a clear thesis statement. Dissertation Proposal Health Care. I assume that when you say you are pro-Hungary this means that you feel the country shouldn’t be required to cmm operator resume accept refugees? If so, your thesis statement might look something like this: Hungary should not be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Or–if you think the country should help. You would start with a thesis like this: Hungary should be required to dissertation proposal health accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3.
Glad to help! Thanks for your comment. Hi ! I need help in writing a good thesis statement on the advantages and disadvantages of using a cell phone. Please help. Ib Environmental Essay. I need to submit it on thursday. Proposal Health Care. Plz Plz help. This one is a2 biology coursework pretty straightforward. You can frame it like this: Cell phone use has many advantages such as A, and B, but some disadvantages such as C. Or you could flip it: Cell phone use has many disadvantages such as A, and B, but some advantages such as C.
Fill in A, B, and dissertation health care, C with your actual research. Thank you so much Naomi. This is a great help. Hi ! I need to write a thesis statement on the topic, ‘Element of hamartia in Hamlet, Love song of J Alfred and Agamemnon. I need a thesis statement on this. I have written – Unable to take the correct decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end. To be able to beetroot make that correct decision one must have the confidence otherwise it can have a tragic end as it happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon and proposal health, The Love song of J. Alfred. Do you think this is sophocles essays ok, if not can you help me please in writing a good thesis statement. Dissertation Health Care. Thank you. I think you have the right idea, but your version is unclear and a bit repetitive. How about this edit?
Being unable to make the right decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end, which is exactly what happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon, and The Love song of J. Essay About. Alfred. Thank you Naomi so very much. This is great. I can go ahead now. You’re welcome, Rachel! First you’ll need to dissertation proposal care come up with a thesis statement. For example: Public schools should be divided by sex because of etd dissertations reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Then choose reasons that you can support with evidence from your research. this really works thanks. Glad it worked for dissertation care you, Rose!
Thanks for antigone sophocles essays your comment. Thanks but I’m having trouble coming up with a good topic that is strong and worthy to be argued but not boring. I want to do something that isn’t a popular topic like is texting and driving bad anu advice. thank you so much. I have to write an argumentative essay on dissertation proposal Poverty and Illiteracy.
I have already looked up my citations. But I don’t know how to break down my citations. Could you help me please? I’m not sure whether you need to write APA, MLA, or some other type of citation, but I have some blog posts that can help: MLA is ib environmental essay how I need to proposal care write it. Oh lordy this blog is ammmaaazzzinnnng. Why thank you! I appreciate you readinnnnnng! can you send me your project on my email [emailprotected]
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The hook you choose will definitely depend on proposal health your stance on the topic. If your paper is extended essay pro-choice, you could start with a shocking statistic about the number of women who go through illegal/dangerous abortions during times and places where abortion is illegal. If your paper is pro-life, you might start with an emotional appeal about the life of an dissertation proposal health care, unborn fetus being cut short. This is cmm operator resume very helpful. I was having trouble getting started on writing but now I feel a lot more confident in my subject. Dissertation Proposal Care. Thanks for the breakdown. Happy you found it useful. Thanks for reading! Glad to hear that! M hving trouble with introduction on etd dissertations smoking restriction.
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Aren’t they people too? I’m not sure what exactly im suppose to do or how to start it. thank you ms.Naomi that was really helpful. Do you add in a rebuttal for each of your points?? That is certainly one way to a2 biology beetroot coursework approach an argumentative essay. Take an opponent’s view on dissertation care each of your arguments and then crush it with your rebuttal.
Or, if you follow the outline I gave you in this post, just include a section to crush one or two common opponent arguments. Thank you, this was very helpful and in the same time funny! good way to make interesting!! This was very helpful, but I still have some hesitation, my last important paper is an a2 biology coursework, Argumentative Research, and care, this will be my first one. I already have a thesis chosen and I’m just kinda confuse about what facts I need to collect, but its just getting information that will back up my thesis,correct? Hi there–yes, as long as you have a good defendable thesis, you should be able to find sources to support your stance. Here is etd dissertations a blog post about making sure your sources are credible: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/ Thanks for answering but I’m having a difficult time trying to find and discern what will be helpful in my paper.
My paper being about Human Rights specifically Minority/Indigenous Rights. This was so helpful! But, I do have a couple of dissertation questions. Is there a secret to resume writing a killer hook? What is the best way to state your claim in the introduction?
You might need to also read these posts: Thank you so much for the helpful info. Dissertation Proposal Health. I definitely owe a get out of jail free card. Awesome, I could definitely use it. #128578; Seriously very usefull tips i like it #128578;
How many paragraphs is this? The argumentative essay outline is 6 paragraphs as it stands, but you can definitely alter it to suit your purposes by adding or subtracting body paragraphs as needed. Usually your hook sentence is separate from ib environmental your thesis statement. Proposal Health Care. The hook is the first sentence in the intro paragraph, while your thesis statement is typically the last sentence in this paragraph. Beetroot. Sometimes you will add some background information too. So an intro is Hook-background info-thesis statement. Here’s a revision of your sentence: ADD A HOOK SENTENCE OR TWO HERE. We live in dissertation proposal care 21st century, and many gender roles are outdated and shouldn’t affect our lives in the ways they did before.
One of these outdated gender roles is the cmm operator idea that only boys can ask girls out–girls should be able to ask boys out too. this is very useful… but I can not write argument for my research paper (my topic is the racism in america and proposal care, how effect to antigone sophocles essays people ) can you help me , please. Racism in America is a huge problem and a huge topic. I think your first step is to health care narrow your research focus. First, which specific problem of best resume writing racism will you be looking at? Racism against a particular minority group? In a specific region or city? Are there studies that show the effects in these groups and regions? What are some common findings/themes? Here is another post specifically about dissertation writing a research paper: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-paper/ This blog is Amazing!
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I’m currently writing one for proposal care college with the topic of legalizing lane splitting for motorcycles. I just finished writing found your blog which is helping me make sure I did everything correctly #128578; thank you!! Fantastic! Happy to help. this is amazing and funny as hell. this should help with my exam. Antigone Essays. tqvm #128578; Thanks so much! Best of luck with your exam. Care. #128578; it’s very useful. thanks a lot. You’re welcome! Thanks for commenting. I’ll be thankfull to you #128578;
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Or, if you could start with a story about sophocles yourself or someone you know who achieved something great because of knowing how to speak English. Can anyone give me a good hook for same sex marriage . I’m writing an argumentative paper for my adv. comp class. Your hook will depend on care the stance you are taking. For example, if you are arguing in favor of same sex marriage you could start with an beetroot coursework, interesting statistic that shines a light on the success of same sex marriages or you could start with a heartwarming story or anecdote about health care a successful same sex marriage. This was really funny! (and useful) Thanks #128578;
Awesome! Glad you liked it. Thanks for the comment. #128578; Hey!! This page was rlly helpful but I still need help with making an intro for “Why Teenager Should Not Have TVs In Their Bedrooms” I would really appreciate it if u could help ASAP plz!!O That will help you write a strong intro — including a strong thesis #128578; Ths for this it helped a lot. Awesome! Thanks for the comment. Sophocles Essays. #128578; I really appreciate your help. didnt help at all sorry.
Sorry that it wasn’t more helpful, Trent. Let us know if you have any questions that are still unanswered! I’m going to write about how humanity should strive for immortality. Do you think the topic is too hard and proposal health, broad for a 10th grader like me? May I know your thoughts and suggestions, please? Thanks!
Nah, you can totally handle that topic! I don’t think it’s too broad, either, and I really like that it take a strong stance. Antigone Essays. Just make sure that you have 2-3 solid and dissertation proposal health care, specific reasons to back up your claim that we should strive for immortality, as you’ll want to include those reasons in your thesis and defend them throughout your paper. Essay. So the first question to answer as you write your thesis is dissertation proposal care “Why do I believe this?” Hi, there. I saw your question asking for advice on the difficulty of writing a paper on immortality. I have a few views on resume that myself but of the opposite point. I would be very interested in reading your thoughts on the matter.
So perhaps you would be inclined to email me your assignment once it’s finished. thanks this blog was very helpful. Awesome! We’re happy you think so and thanks for proposal care the comment. #128578; Super helpful! About to write a 6-7 page paper for my college professor and cmm operator, I needed advice on an effective argumentative structure outline. This is exactly what I needed to look at.
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Thanks for proposal care reading! Thank you so much for the helpful outline. This is by far one of the sophocles essays most detailed and useful outline I have used. Keep up the proposal health care good work. Thanks for your kind comment! Happy the antigone outline helped you. Hehe love this comment. Dissertation Health Care. Thanks for your kind words and happy to help. Etd Dissertations. #128578; You’re super welcome! Thanks for the kind comment! A history paper isn’t necessarily the same as an argumentative essay, though it *can* be.
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I’d also research the essay about different types of essay prompts that they’ve given in the past to use for dissertation health your practice writing session. Maybe this resource will help? http://www.firstcertificatewriting.co.uk/live/paper-2-writing-part-1-essays/ I wish you the best on your FCE! Thanks for the comment. #128578; So glad you think it’s helpful! Thanks for reading! xoxo. i really like the explanation bcoz it’s clear and cmm operator resume, it’s not explained in a boring way like how most people did. thanks a lot! this really helped my homework :)) Great! That’s exactly what I was going for. So happy it helped you.
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Tips for Academic Writing and Other Formal Writing. It is care, a long list. People have a lot of problems. Some of the items sound picky or trivial, even to me. Yet bad grammar, bad style, and poor organization will make it very difficult for you to convey your ideas clearly and sophocles essays professionally, and proposal will limit your academic and professional success. Essay? I strongly recommend that you work to eliminate any of these problems that may apply to your own writing. -- Dr. Dissertation Health Care? James A. Bednar.
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Whenever you do include such material, i.e. things that go in the direction opposite to your main thesis, be careful to put it into only a few well-defined places, reorganizing your argument to achieve that when necessary. Jumping back and forth will confuse the reader unnecessarily. In every case, try to make your point as clearly as possible, while at dissertation health care the same time not overstating it and not pretending that no other valid viewpoints exist. Transitions are difficult but very important Each sentence in your document should follow smoothly from the antigone sophocles essays, preceding sentence, and each paragraph should follow smoothly from the preceding paragraph. The world is arguably an unstructured jumble of ideas, but anything that you expect the reader to read from start to finish needs to be a linear progression along one single path. Transition words and dissertation proposal health phrases are what make it possible for a reader to follow you easily as you explore the best services dc 2011, various ideas in your paper. Without good transitions, the dissertation proposal health care, reader will end up backtracking repeatedly, which will often cause your point to be lost or your paper to be tossed aside altogether. One clue that your writing needs better transitions is if you find that you can cut and paste paragraphs from systems extended, one section to health care another without doing substantial rewriting of how the paragraph begins and ends. If making such rearrangements is sophocles, easy, then you have not been linking your paragraphs into proposal health care, a coherent narrative that reads well from start to finish. In practice, making smooth transitions is very difficult.
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Use complete sentences Except in proposal care, extraordinary circumstances, sentences in the main text must be complete, i.e., they must have a subject and a verb, so that they express an entire thought, not just a fragment or the best dc 2011, beginning of dissertation proposal health a thought. Note that most -ing words are not verbs. The light turning green is just a fragment, i.e., a start to a sentence or a part of one. Best Resume Writing Services? To be a sentence that you could use on its own followed by proposal a period, it would have to be The light turned green, which has both a subject and about a verb. Put appropriate punctuation between sentences. Two complete sentences can be divided with a period, question mark, or exclamation point, or they can be weakly connected as clauses with a semicolon. However, they can never be connected with a comma in formal writing! To see if your writing has this problem, consider each of your commas in turn. If you could replace the comma with a period, leaving two complete, meaningful sentences, then that comma is an care error -- a comma can never be used like that! Instead, replace the dc 2011, comma with a semicolon, in health, case you have two sentences that need to be linked in some generic way, or make the essay utilitarianism, linkage explicit with a conjunction, or simply use a period, to leave two complete and independent sentences. Section titles Section titles for an article should say exactly and succinctly what the reader will get out of proposal that section.
In most relatively short documents, using a standard set of section titles is best so that people can scan through your document quickly. Section standards vary in etd dissertations, different fields, but a common set is: Introduction, Background, Methods (for an experimental paper) or Architecture (for a modeling paper), Discussion, Future Work (often merged with Discussion), and Conclusion. If you do not use the standard titles, e.g. if you have labeled lower-level subsections, you should be quite explicit about what is in that section. Such labels should make sense to someone who has not yet read that section, and make it clear why they should read it. For instance, a section about adding a second eye to a simulation of proposal health single-eye vision could truthfully be called Multiple eyes, but that title is meaningless to someone scanning the document. Essay About? Instead, it should be something like Extending the model to explain stereo vision whose meaning will be clear to the type of proposal health care person likely to be reading the paper.
Everything important goes in best resume dc 2011, your introduction and proposal health care conclusion Everyone who looks at cmm operator your paper will at least skim the introduction and conclusion, and those who read it in depth will remember those two sections the dissertation care, best. So make sure that your most important points are quite prominent and unmissable in those sections. Say it, never just say that you will say it In the introduction, conclusion, and abstract (if any), do not merely describe what you are going to say or have said; actually say it! For instance, do not just state that I will discuss and antigone sophocles evaluate this paper if you will later argue that (for example) it is not convincing. Dissertation Proposal Health Care? Instead state that the resume, paper is unconvincing, and (in brief) why you believe that to dissertation proposal care be the case. Then you can elaborate on that point in subsequent paragraphs. Subsections If you have sections 1, 1.1, and 1.2, there must be introductory material between 1 and a2 biology 1.1 that explains briefly what is in dissertation, the subsections, mentioned in the order of the sophocles, subsections. That is, 1.1 should never follow just after 1 without some intervening text.
If you have 1.1, there must always be a 1.2; otherwise 1 and proposal health 1.1 should be merged. Sophocles Essays? Each 1.x subsection should end with a concluding statement of what has been established in that subsection, wrapping things up before moving on to the next subsection. Figure captions Different communities have different expectations on what to put into figure captions. Proposal Health Care? Some journals, like Science , have very long captions, which are meant to resume be readable independently of the dissertation health care, main article. That way, readers can skim articles and only look at interesting figures, before deciding whether to antigone sophocles read the whole article. Dissertation Health? In such cases, you must ensure that all of the main points of the ib environmental, figure are also mentioned in the text of the dissertation care, article, so that someone reading the article straight through will not miss them. Other journals and other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to have very little in the caption, with the figures being understandable only when reading the etd dissertations, main text. Even in such cases, I myself prefer to put all the graphical details like the dotted line represents in the caption, plus enough context so that the import of the figure is clear. You are welcome to have your own preferences, but you should be aware of what you are trying to achieve, i.e. Dissertation Proposal Care? whether you want the caption to be readable on its own.
Try hard to avoid ambiguous references Conversation is replete with ambiguous words like this, these, his, it, they, etc. These words have no meaning in best resume, themselves, but in conversation the meaning is usually clear from the context. In written text, however, the intended meaning is quite often not evident to the reader, because there are e.g. many possible interpretations of dissertation care it and this. It is a good idea to read over anything you write, searching for systems extended this sort of dissertation proposal health word. For each instance, first ask yourself To what specific item does this term refer?. For such a reference to services dc 2011 make sense, the object, person, or concept must have been explicitly mentioned just prior to your reference. Often you will find that it or they refers to something vague that was not even discussed explicitly in your paper, in which case you should reword your text entirely. Even if the item to which you refer is explicitly mentioned in dissertation proposal care, your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the reader might not know to which of several items you might be referring. Sophocles? E.g. for the word he, were there two or three people being discussed?
If so then state the actual name of each; he would be ambiguous. Often an ambiguous this or these can be disambiguated by adding a noun that specifies precisely the type of object or concept to which you are referring. Dissertation Care? For instance, this argument or this paper is less confusing than simply this. That is, do not use this followed directly by systems a verb phrase, but you can use this before a noun phrase, as in this sentence is a good example of the dissertation proposal health care, use of the word 'this'. Watch out for homonyms Spell checkers are wonderful, but they are absolutely useless for detecting misused homonyms or near-homonyms, i.e., actual words whose meaning is confused with other actual words. Coursework? As a result, homonyms are probably the most common spelling errors in word-processed text. Proposal Care? Even if you are lazy and let the spell checker fix all of your other words, make certain that you know the differences between words like: If you do not know the difference, you must simply avoid using any of best resume services dc 2011 these words. Yet because the spell checker takes care of health all the about utilitarianism, other words you may misspell, learning to use these few words correctly is surely not much of dissertation care a burden, and is crucial for convincing your readers that you are competent and trustworthy.
Avoid comprise Apparently the word comprise has now been used incorrectly so many times to systems extended essay mean compose that this usage is now becoming acceptable. But it is much safer simply to avoid comprise altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out dissertation health care, meaning will be annoyed when you use it to mean compose. But and however are not interchangeable The words but and however have similar meanings, but they are not interchangeable. If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing but and essay utilitarianism replace it with however, or vice versa, the proposal health care, result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of etd dissertations comma punctuation. I like oranges, but I do not like tangerines. I like oranges. However, I do not like tangerines. I like oranges; however, I do not like tangerines. I, however, do not like grapefruits. I like oranges however they have been prepared. If you exchange any of these buts and howevers, then the sentences would become incorrect, and in some cases meaningless.
A point is a single item The word point can only be used for dissertation care a single, atomic item. Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a sub-point, part of a point, the first half of a point, etc. Instead use topic or section, etc. A research There is no noun phrase a research in English. Use a study or just research, never a research. A2 Biology? Similarly, there is no separate plural form of research; researches is an English verb, not a noun.
Avoid capitalization When in doubt, use lower case. Capitalization is dissertation proposal, appropriate only for specific, named, individual items or people. Sophocles? For example, capitalize school subjects only when you are referring to a specific course at a specific school: math is proposal health care, a general subject, but Math 301 is a particular course. Similarly: Department of antigone essays Computer Sciences vs. a computer science department, the president vs. Health Care? President Bush. Essay? When in doubt, use lower case. Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for dissertation care conversational use and for informal writing, never for technical or formal writing. Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases (groups of several words forming a unit), hyphens are used to resume group pairs of words when the meaning might otherwise be ambiguous.
That is, they act like the parentheses in a mathematical expression. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word (or the dictionary explicitly requires them), i.e., it is a mistake to use a hyphen where the meaning was already clear and unambiguous. For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective. Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings. For example, the phrase English language learners as written means language learners from England, because, by dissertation health default, language modifies learners, and etd dissertations English modifies language learners. But the phrase that was intended was probably English-language learners, i.e. learners of the health care, English language, and resume services dc 2011 using the hyphen helps make that grouping clear. Dissertation? Note that there would never be a hyphen if the essay utilitarianism, same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: a learner of the English language ( NEVER a learner of the English-language; the hyphen effectively turns the noun phrase English language into an adjective, and a prepositional phrase starting with of the must be completed with a noun, not an adjective). Note that hyphens are used only in adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb (and are therefore incorrect). An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun. Proposal Health Care? For instance, a quickly dropping stock cannot possibly be mistaken for best resume services dc 2011 a quickly dropping-stock, because adverbs like quickly cannot modify a noun phrase like dropping stock, and so quickly clearly must modify dropping.
In general, there should never be a hyphen after an adverb ending in ly, though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial ly words like early (as in dissertation health, the correct examples an coursework early-rising rooster or an proposal health early-rising English-language learner). You may want to search through your finished document for systems extended essay ly-; nearly all examples of proposal health care those three characters in a row will be mistakes. In some very complicated phrases, two levels of best resume dc 2011 grouping can be achieved using an care en dash, i.e. a slightly longer dash than a hyphen. For instance, a language-learning--associated problem would be a problem associated with language learning; the hyphen groups language and learning, while the en-dash -- connects language learning with associated. Without hyphens or without the en-dash, the phrase would be quite difficult to read. But in such cases it is sophocles essays, often clearer just to reword the sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in a problem associated with language learning. In cases where the health, word grouping is a2 biology coursework, quite obvious because the pair of proposal words are so often used together, the hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity. For instance chocolate chip cookies is unlikely to be misread as chocolate chip-cookies, despite that being the literal interpretation, and so the hyphen can usually be omitted from best writing services dc 2011, chocolate-chip cookies.
In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.g. after the noun it modifies, you should leave out the hyphen. Care? I.e., the beetroot coursework, hyphen is not a property of the phrase, but of how you are using the phrase in the sentence. American vs. British English I myself am American by birth, despite lecturing in a British university, and I use American spellings by dissertation care default (e.g. organization, not organisation). Authors are generally free to use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the spellings to make e.g. all the papers in a certain edited volume use the same conventions.
Thus please do not hesitate to use whichever one of the (correct) spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the document. Formatting and grammar rules When in doubt about grammar or page format, researchers in psychology and computer science generally follow the APA style guide; biological fields use similar standards. Unfortunately, you do have to pay for the APA guide, though it is now available in a less-expensive electronic edition. Pay attention to how your document looks Use readable, clear fonts and reasonable margins, following the resume dc 2011, typical format used for similar documents. If your word processor cannot make the spacing regular between words (e.g. most versions of Microsoft Word), turn off right justification. Poor spacing makes the dissertation care, page look jumbled and seem incoherent, even if the writing is not. Nearly all formal writing should simply be stapled --- anything else looks unprofessional. Essay Utilitarianism? For instance, using a fancy cover and binding for a short paper or report is dissertation care, distracting and makes it difficult to photocopy the paper; such binding is necessary only for long papers that a staple would have trouble keeping together. Resume Writing Services? At the opposite care, extreme, it should be obvious that folding one corner is not an acceptable substitute for a staple. Authors are authors, not writers The people who perform a scientific study are called authors, never writers, even though the essay about, results are presented in dissertation proposal health, a written paper. Scientific authorship includes much more than the actual writing, and cmm operator resume some authors may well not have written any word in the paper.
Use last names Never refer to the authors by dissertation health their first names, as if they were your friends. Antigone Sophocles? They are not, and even if they were, it would be inappropriate to draw attention to that circumstance. Dissertation Proposal Health Care? Except in unusual cases to a2 biology coursework avoid ambiguity or to dissertation proposal health discuss specific people (e.g. the cmm operator resume, original founders of dissertation proposal health a field of research), first names are not even mentioned in the body of a scientific text; the last names are sufficient. Author names are keys -- spell them properly In academic writing, an about utilitarianism author's last name is like the key in a database lookup -- if the proposal care, name is misspelled (e.g. Davis for coursework Davies), your reader will not be able to locate works by that author in the library or online. Dissertation Proposal? Moreover, it is extraordinarily impolite to misspell someone's name when you are discussing them; doing so shows that you have not paid much attention to them or their work. So you should make a special effort to beetroot coursework spell author names correctly, double and triple checking them against the original source, and ensuring that you spell them the health, same way each time.
Use appropriate pronouns Use appropriate pronouns when referring to the authors. If there are multiple authors, use they or the authors or the authors' last names, not he or the author. If there is only one author and you can determine the gender with great confidence, you may use he or she; otherwise use the author or the author's last name. Referring to other texts Use double quotes around the title of an best resume article when you refer to proposal health care it in systems extended, the text. Dissertation Proposal Care? Italics are reserved for books or other works of similar length. Avoid underlining altogether --- underlining is just a way of indicating that handwritten or typewritten text should be typeset in cmm operator resume, italics, and is thus inappropriate when italics are available (as they are on any modern word processor).
Be very precise when discussing an author discussing another author For better or worse, academic writing often devolves into discussions of what one author said about another author. Proposal Care? If commenting on such controversies, you should be extremely careful about using ambiguous terms like his, the author, etc. A2 Biology? Very often your reader will have no idea which of the proposal health, various authors you are referring to, even though it may be clear to you. When in doubt, use the actual last names instead, even if they might sound repetitive. Avoid footnotes Footnotes should be used quite sparingly, and should never be used as a way to avoid the hard work of making your text flow into a coherent narrative. Only when something genuinely cannot be made to fit into the main flow of the text, yet is etd dissertations, somehow still so important that it must be mentioned, does it go into a footnote. Avoid direct quotes In scientific (as opposed to literary or historical) writing, direct quotes should be used only dissertation proposal when the precise wording of the original sentences is important, e.g. if the work is cmm operator resume, so groundbreaking that the words themselves have driven research in this field. In nearly every other case, paraphrasing is more appropriate, because it lets you formulate the idea in the terms suitable for your particular paper, focusing on the underlying issue rather than the way one author expressed it. Be careful with arguments about dissertation, grammar If you are going to criticize the systems extended, grammar or spelling of an author in writing, you should be extraordinarily careful to verify that you are correct.
Reading a long rant from an American about how a person of British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like utilisation, or vice versa, can be quite painful. There is no need to mention explicitly reading the paper A lot of students use phrases like while reading this paper, I . and In this paper the authors . . Try to avoid this redundancy. If you use the health care, word author you need not also use paper, and etd dissertations vice versa. Health Care? Similarly, it is clear that whatever you discovered about the paper, you discovered while reading the cmm operator resume, paper; we do not need to be reminded of this. Dissertation? Academic writing is always about papers and authors, and thus those topics should only be discussed when they are relevant. Discussing existing work Whenever you bring up an existing piece of antigone research, whether it is your own or someone else's, there is dissertation health care, a standard way of doing it properly.
First you say what the research showed, then you say what its limitations are, and then you say how your own work is going to overcome those limitations. I.e., say what has been done, what has not been done, and how you are going to do some of what has not been done. If you are doing a literature review rather than an original research paper, you just describe what you think should be done, rather than what you plan to do. Unless you want to make an enemy, you should always mention something positive about existing work before exploring the limitations, and you should always assume that the person you are discussing will read what you wrote. Extended Essay? Of course, sometimes there is health, a good reason to make an enemy, e.g. to draw attention to yourself by attacking someone famous, but you should be sure to choose your enemies wisely.
Discussing proposed work In a research proposal, it is utilitarianism, never acceptable to announce only that you are planning to study topic X. In the context of health care research, studying is a vague and unbounded task, with no criterion for success and no way to beetroot coursework tell if you are getting anywhere. Studying is something you do in a course, where someone can tell you what to focus on and can test you to dissertation care see if you got the best resume dc 2011, right answer; research is dissertation health care, not like that. Systems Extended Essay? In research, you need to spell out the dissertation proposal care, specific questions you are going to try to answer, the specific phenomena that need explanations, and so on -- it's up to sophocles essays you to define the question and dissertation proposal the methods, and until you've done so, it's not research, just idle speculation. Discussion/future work In the discussion sections of a research paper, be sure to discuss all topics that the resume, audience expected to see in the paper, even if you yourself do not believe them to be relevant. Dissertation Proposal Health? The reader is more likely to assume that you have been sloppy about resume writing services dc 2011, your literature review than to assume you knew about the work but believed it not to be relevant. Proposal Health? Page restrictions can help here --- they provide a good excuse for antigone omitting topics that you do not believe to be relevant. In a longer article or thesis without page limits you have no choice but to address the issue and explicitly state why the topic is not relevant despite the common belief that it is. Bibliographies Students often seem to think that bibliographies are mysterious, tricky things with rules far too complex to understand or remember. Proposal Health Care? Although there is a vast array of different bibliographic formats, the underlying principles are actually not complicated at all. Simply put, all bibliographies must have a certain basic minimum standard of information in order to fulfill their function of allowing people to locate the essay utilitarianism, specific item of reference material you cite.
In particular, every bibliography entry needs an author, date, and title, every journal article absolutely must have a volume and page numbers, and every conference paper must have the title of the conference proceedings, the dissertation, page numbers, and essay about some indication of dissertation health care who published it. Without having every bit of this basic information, there is no way to be sure that readers can find the beetroot, one specific article that you are discussing. Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for locating the proposal, article, such as the cost of reprints. As long as the correct information is included, there are many acceptable bibliography formats, though note that in all cases each entry ends in writing dc 2011, a period. Citations The bibliography or reference list in an academic paper must consist of precisely those sources that you cite in the text, without any extra sources and without omitting any.
Each citation must provide enough information for the reader to find the correct source in the bibliography; beyond that, any number of citation formats will do unless there is some specific standard you are told to follow. Health? One common approach is to use author-date citations like (Smith, Wu, and Tong 2008), but other approaches such as numbering the bibliography entries and then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine. If using numeric citations with brackets, note that there must always be a space before the sophocles, first bracket, as in . known , ( not . known). If using author-date citations, you must remember that any item in parentheses does not exist , as far as the grammar of the sentence is health, concerned, and thus it cannot be used as part of the sentence. Thus the rule is simply to put the parentheses around the part that would be acceptable to omit when reading aloud, as in Carlin (1972) showed that. or . Coursework? as seen in rats (Carlin 1972). Dissertation Proposal Care? ( not (Carlin 1972) showed that. and sophocles essays not . as seen in rats Carlin (1972).). It is usually best to dissertation health have only a single level of a2 biology parentheses, because multiple parentheses start to health distract from the main text. Thus I would prefer has been established (but for antigone essays a counterexample see Johnson, 1905) to has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson (1905)). I and we Writing standards disagree about whether to dissertation proposal care use I and we (and their various forms) in academic work. Some argue that those personal pronouns distract from what should be objective and scientifically valid without recourse to any particular speaker, or even that they just do not sound scientific.
Others argue that omitting I and we results in awkward, passive sentences rather than direct We did X sentences. Personally, I believe that academic writing should use personal pronouns whenever what is being reported was an arbitrary and specific choice made by a human being, or for opinions or personal judgment, precisely because these pronouns emphasize that a human was involved in cmm operator resume, the work. When reporting universal scientific facts or observations, I would not use personal pronouns, because any reasonable observer would have reported similar results and dissertation proposal health thus there is no need to emphasize the role of the authors. Thus, personally, I believe that I and resume we have their place in academic writing, i.e., to emphasize the human element where appropriate; in other circumstances I would discourage their use. Please note that I happen to proposal care disagree with a few of the rules commonly accepted for English text, and in cmm operator resume, the text on this page I happily use my own rules instead. Dissertation Health Care? You might wish to follow the accepted usage in such cases, though I would much rather everyone used my own much better rules as listed below. If you do agree to join my one-man campaign to fix the English language, I cannot accept any responsibility for points deducted by etd dissertations less enlightened folks. :-)
Punctuation after quotations In American English (and in some cases for health British English), punctuation following a bit of cmm operator quoted text is traditionally placed inside the quotation. However, I consider that rule an proposal health care egregious violation of the whole notion of quotation, i.e. an obvious bug in the English language. For example, if I am quoting someone who said that life is hard, I always put the comma outside the quotation mark because they themselves did not necessarily have a pause when they said it; in fact, they probably had a full stop (which would be written as a period). Accepted American usage is to write life is hard, but the essay about, computer programmer in me just cannot be convinced to make such an health obvious semantic error. Spaces around dashes An em-dash is a long dash, longer than an en-dash and a hyphen.
The traditional formatting for cmm operator an em-dash does not use any spaces, as in life is hard---then you die. However, I myself much prefer to put a space before and proposal health after the dash. Without the spaces the dash appears to be connecting two words like hard---then, which makes no grammatical sense. Grammatically, the etd dissertations, function of the dash is to separate and connect phrases or clauses, not words, and I prefer to make that visually clear by putting spaces around the dash. Again, in dissertation health care, my opinion the accepted usage is a bug in the language. Dangling prepositions Officially, it is an error to etd dissertations end a sentence with a preposition, as in they arrived at the place they were heading to. However, in dissertation care, practice it is often very difficult and awkward to reword sentences to avoid dangling prepositions. Thus I consider this rule to be optional at cmm operator resume best. Serial commas In Britain and some other less-enlightened countries, the comma is often omitted before an 'and' in a list. For instance, they will write of ham, chips and eggs, rather than ham, chips, and eggs.
I consider this an proposal care appalling, confusing construction, because it meaninglessly groups the cmm operator, last two items in the list together. Lists are generally meant to be collections of health equals, so there should be just as many separators between chips and eggs as between ham and chips. In many cases, omitting the serial comma is ambiguous. Moreover, in the very rare case where adding the comma is ambiguous, the etd dissertations, sentence should be rewritten anyway. Oxford University Press, at dissertation proposal health least, agrees with me; see the Wikipedia serial comma entry.
Again, this insistence on using appropriate syntax is probably driven by the computer programmer in me, but I think all right-thinking people should be offended whenever a serial comma is omitted. Commas after i.e. and e.g. Many grammar books state that a comma is always required after i.e. and e.g. Writing Services Dc 2011? used in a sentence, as in sentences often contain spelling errors, i.e., words spelled incorrectly. The inspiration for dissertation this rule is that such abbreviations should be mentally expanded to the English translation of the resume, Latin phrase for which they stand (i.e. translating to proposal health that is, and e.g. translating to for example, which in itself is an important distinction to know). However, these terms come up very often in formal writing, and in beetroot coursework, many cases I consider it inappropriate to add symbolic pauses (i.e. commas) around them. Such pauses break up the flow of the sentence, and modern readers treat the abbreviations just as they would any other word, without internally translating them to Latin phrases and then English phrases.
Thus in many cases I prefer to omit the comma after the abbreviation, and sometimes also the one before it. Some people, even more pedantic than I, disagree. This document is in the public domain. You are free to copy it, redistribute it, modify it, or use it for any other non-fraudulent purpose. If redistributing a complete copy or a lengthy excerpt, please (1) retain this notice, (2) clearly mark the original author, and (3) clearly mark any changes that you make as your own and not those of the proposal health care, original author.
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A Guide to Spring Framework Annotations. Here's the lowdown on just about every Spring Framework annotation, including Core, Spring Cloud, Spring MVC, Spring REST, and Spring Boot. Join the DZone community and get the full member experience. The Java programming language provided support for annotations from Java 5.0 onward. Proposal Health? Leading Java frameworks were quick to adopt annotations, and the Spring Framework started using annotations from the 2.5 release. Due to the way they are defined, annotations provide a lot of context in their declaration. Prior to annotations, the behavior of the Spring Framework was largely controlled through XML configuration. Today, the use of best resume dc 2011, annotations provide us tremendous capabilities in how we configure the behaviors of the Spring Framework. Dissertation Proposal? In this post, we’ll take a look at etd dissertations the annotations available in the Spring Framework. Core Spring Framework Annotations. Proposal Care? This annotation is applied to bean setter methods.
Consider a scenario where you need to enforce a required property. The @Required annotation indicates that the cmm operator affected bean must be populated at configuration time with the required property. Otherwise, an exception of type BeanInitializationException is thrown. This annotation is applied to fields, setter methods, and constructors. The @Autowired annotation injects object dependency implicitly. When you use @Autowired on fields and pass the values for the fields using the dissertation proposal care property name, Spring will automatically assign the essay utilitarianism fields with the passed values. You can even use @Autowired on private properties, as shown below. (This is a very poor practice though!) When you use @Autowired on setter methods, Spring tries to perform it by Type autowiring on proposal health the method. You are instructing Spring that it should initiate this property using a setter method where you can add your custom code, like initializing any other property with this property. Consider a scenario where you need an instance of class A, but you do not store A in cmm operator the field of the class. Care? You just use A to obtain an instance of B, and you are storing B in this field. Beetroot Coursework? In this case, setter method autowiring will better suit you.
You will not have class-level unused fields. When you use @Autowired on a constructor, then constructor injection happens at the time of object creation. Dissertation Health Care? It tells the etd dissertations constructor to autowire when used as a bean. One thing to note here is that only one constructor of any bean class can carry the @Autowired annotation. NOTE: As of Spring 4.3, @Autowired became optional on classes with a single constructor. In the above example, Spring would still inject an instance of the proposal Person class if you omitted the @Autowired annotation. This annotation is used along with the @Autowired annotation. Writing? When you need more control of the dependency injection process, @Qualifier can be used. @Qualifier can be specified on individual constructor arguments or method parameters.
This annotation is used to avoid the confusion that occurs when you create more than one bean of the dissertation care same type and want to wire only one of essays, them with a property. Consider an example where an interface BeanInterface is implemented by dissertation care, two beans, BeanB1 and BeanB2. Now if BeanA autowires this interface, Spring will not know which one of the two implementations to inject. One solution to best writing services this problem is the dissertation care use of the @Qualifier annotation. With the a2 biology beetroot @Qualifier annotation added, Spring will now know which bean to autowire, where beanB2 is the name of BeanB2. This annotation is used on classes that define beans. @Configuration is an analog for an XML configuration file – it is dissertation health, configuration using Java classes.
A Java class annotated with @Configuration is a configuration by itself and resume writing services dc 2011 will have methods to proposal health care instantiate and configure the dependencies. Here is an example: This annotation is used with the ib environmental systems extended @Configuration annotation to dissertation health care allow Spring to know the packages to scan for annotated components. @ComponentScan is also used to specify base packages using basePackageClasses or basePackage attributes to scan. If specific packages are not defined, scanning will occur from the package of the class that declares this annotation. This annotation is used at the method level. The @Bean annotation works with @Configuration to create Spring beans. Extended? As mentioned earlier, @Configuration will have methods to instantiate and configure dependencies.
Such methods will be annotated with @Bean. The method annotated with this annotation works as the bean ID, and it creates and returns the actual bean. Here is an example: This annotation is used on component classes. By default, all autowired dependencies are created and configured at startup. But if you want to initialize a bean lazily, you can use the @Lazy annotation over the class. This means that the bean will be created and dissertation care initialized only when it is first requested for.
You can also use this annotation on @Configuration classes. This indicates that all @Bean methods within that @Configuration should be lazily initialized. This annotation is used at the field, constructor parameter, and method parameter levels. The @Value annotation indicates a default value expression for the field or parameter to initialize the property with. As the cmm operator resume @Autowired annotation tells Spring to inject an proposal health, object into another when it loads your application context, you can also use the @Value annotation to inject values from a property file into a bean’s attribute. It supports both # and $ placeholders. Spring Framework Stereotype Annotations. This annotation is resume services, used on classes to dissertation health care indicate a Spring component. The @Component annotation marks the a2 biology beetroot Java class as a bean or component so that the component-scanning mechanism of Spring can add it into the application context. The @Controller annotation is used to indicate the class is a Spring controller.
This annotation can be used to identify controllers for Spring MVC or Spring WebFlux. This annotation is used on a class. @Service marks a Java class that performs some service, such as executing business logic, performing calculations, and calling external APIs. This annotation is a specialized form of [email protected] annotation intended to be used in the service layer. This annotation is used on dissertation care Java classes that directly access the database. The @Repository annotation works as a marker for any class that fulfills the role of cmm operator resume, repository or Data Access Object. This annotation has an automatic translation feature. Proposal? For example, when an exception occurs in the @Repository, there is a handler for that exception and etd dissertations there is no need to add a try-catch block. Dissertation Care? This annotation is usually placed on the main application class. The @EnableAutoConfiguration annotation implicitly defines a base “search package”.
This annotation tells Spring Boot to start adding beans based on etd dissertations classpath settings, other beans, and various property settings. This annotation is used on the application class while setting up a Spring Boot project. The class that is annotated with the @SpringBootApplication must be kept in the base package. The one thing that [email protected] does is a component scan. But it will scan only its sub-packages. As an example, if you put the class annotated with @SpringBootApplication in com.example, then @SpringBootApplication will scan all its sub-packages, such as com.example.a, com.example.b, and com.example.a.x. The @SpringBootApplication is a convenient annotation that adds all the dissertation health following: This annotation is used on resume Java classes that play the role of dissertation, controller in your application.
The @Controller annotation allows autodetection of component classes in the classpath and auto-registering bean definitions for them. To enable autodetection of best writing dc 2011, such annotated controllers, you can add component scanning to your configuration. The Java class annotated with @Controller is capable of handling multiple request mappings. This annotation can be used with Spring MVC and Spring WebFlux. This annotation is used at proposal health both the class and method level.
The @RequestMapping annotation is used to map web requests onto antigone essays, specific handler classes and handler methods. When @RequestMapping is used on the class level, it creates a base URI for which the controller will be used. When this annotation is dissertation care, used on methods, it will give you the URI on which the handler methods will be executed. From this, you can infer that the class level request mapping will remain the same whereas each handler method will have their own request mapping. Sometimes you may want to perform different operations based on the HTTP method used, even though the request URI may remain the same. In such situations, you can use the best writing dc 2011 method attribute of @RequestMapping with an HTTP method value to dissertation proposal narrow down the HTTP methods in order to invoke the methods of your class. Here is a basic example of how a controller along with request mappings work: In this example, only GET requests to /welcome is handled by utilitarianism, the welcomeAll() method.
This annotation also can be used with Spring MVC and health care Spring WebFlux. The @RequestMapping annotation is very versatile. Please see my in-depth post on Request Mapping here. This annotation is used at extended method parameter level. Health? @CookieValue is used as an argument of a request mapping method. A2 Biology Beetroot? The HTTP cookie is bound to dissertation health the @CookieValue parameter for ib environmental systems a given cookie name. This annotation is used in the method annotated with @RequestMapping. Let us consider that the following cookie value is received with an HTTP request: To get the value of the dissertation cookie, use @CookieValue like this: This annotation is used both at the class and method levels to enable cross-origin requests.
Spring framework 4.3 introduced the utilitarianism following method-level variants of @RequestMapping annotation to care better express the semantics of the annotated methods. Using these annotations has become the standard ays of defining the endpoints. They act as wrappers to @RequestMapping. These annotations can be used with Spring MVC and Spring WebFlux. This annotation is antigone essays, used for mapping HTTP GET requests onto specific handler methods. @GetMapping is a composed annotation that acts as a shortcut for @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.GET). Proposal Care? This annotation is ib environmental extended, used for mapping HTTP POST requests onto specific handler methods. Health? @PostMapping is a composed annotation that acts as a shortcut for @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.POST).
This annotation is used for mapping HTTP PUT requests onto specific handler methods. @PutMapping is a composed annotation that acts as a shortcut for @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.PUT). Antigone Sophocles? This annotation is used for mapping HTTP PATCH requests onto specific handler methods. @PatchMapping is a composed annotation that acts as a shortcut for dissertation health @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.PATCH). This annotation is used for mapping HTTP DELETE requests onto a2 biology beetroot, specific handler methods. @DeleteMapping is a composed annotation that acts as a shortcut for @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.DELETE). This annotation is used at method levels to handle exceptions at dissertation proposal health care the controller level. The @ExceptionHandler annotation is used to define the class of exception it will catch. You can use this annotation on methods that should be invoked to handle an etd dissertations, exception. The @ExceptionHandler values can be set to an array of dissertation proposal health care, Exception types. If an exception is thrown that matches one of the types in the list, then the essay method annotated with the matching @ExceptionHandler will be invoked. Dissertation Care? This annotation is a method-level annotation that plays the role of identifying the methods that initialize theWebDataBinder — a DataBinder that binds the request parameter to JavaBean objects. Etd Dissertations? To customize request parameter data binding, you can use @InitBinder annotated methods within our controller.
The methods annotated with @InitBinder includes all argument types that handler methods support. The @InitBinder annotated methods will get called for each HTTP request if you don’t specify the value element of this annotation. The value element can be a single or multiple form names or request parameters that the init binder method is applied to. This annotation is used on fields. The @Mapping annotation is a meta-annotation that indicates a web mapping annotation. When mapping different field names, you need to configure the source field to proposal health its target field, and to do that, you have to essays add the @Mappings annotation. This annotation accepts an array of @Mapping having the dissertation proposal health care source and a2 biology coursework the target fields. This annotation is used to annotate request handler method arguments so that Spring can inject the relevant bits of a matrix URI.
Matrix variables can appear on any segment each separated by a semicolon. If a URL contains matrix variables, the request mapping pattern must represent them with a URI template. The @MatrixVariable annotation ensures that the request is matched with the correct matrix variables of the dissertation proposal health care URI. This annotation is used to annotate request handler method arguments. The @RequestMapping annotation can be used to cmm operator handle dynamic changes in the URI where a certain URI value acts as a parameter. You can specify this parameter using a regular expression. The @PathVariable annotation can be used declare this parameter. This annotation is used to bind the request attribute to a handler method parameter.
Spring retrieves the named attribute's value to populate the parameter annotated with @RequestAttribute. While the @RequestParamannotation is dissertation health, used bind the parameter values from a query string, @RequestAttribute is used to etd dissertations access the proposal care objects that have been populated on resume the server side. This annotation is used to health annotate request handler method arguments. Ib Environmental Systems? The @RequestBody annotation indicates that a method parameter should be bound to the value of the HTTP request body. The HttpMessageConveter is responsible for converting from the HTTP request message to object. This annotation is used to annotate request handler method arguments. The @RequestHeader annotation is used to dissertation health map controller parameter to request header value. When Spring maps the request, @RequestHeader checks the header with the name specified within the annotation and binds its value to the handler method parameter. This annotation helps you to cmm operator get the header details within the controller class.
This annotation is used to annotate request handler method arguments. Sometimes you get the parameters in the request URL, mostly in GET requests. In that case, along with the @RequestMapping annotation, you can use the @RequestParam annotation to retrieve the URL parameter and map it to the method argument. Health? [email protected] annotation is used to bind request parameters to a method parameter in your controller. This annotation is used to annotate request handler method arguments. A2 Biology Coursework? The @RequestPart annotation can be used instead of @RequestParam to get the content of a specific multipart and bind it to the method argument annotated with @RequestPart. This annotation takes into proposal health care, consideration the “Content-Type” header in the multipart (request part).
This annotation is used to annotate request handler methods. The @ResponseBody annotation is similar to [email protected] annotation. The @ResponseBody annotation indicates that the result type should be written straight in the response body in whatever format you specify like JSON or XML. Spring converts the returned object into a response body by using the HttpMessageConveter. This annotation is used on methods and exception classes. @ResponseStatus marks a method or exception class with a status code and a reason that must be returned.
When the handler method is invoked the status code is set to the HTTP response which overrides the status information provided by any other means. A controller class can also be annotated with @ResponseStatus, which is sophocles essays, then inherited by all @RequestMapping methods. This annotation is applied at the class level. As explained earlier, for each controller, you can use @ExceptionHandler on a method that will be called when a given exception occurs. But this handles only those exceptions that occur within the proposal controller in which it is defined. To overcome this problem, you can now use [email protected] annotation. This annotation is used to sophocles define @ExceptionHandler, @InitBinder, and @ModelAttribute methods that apply to all @RequestMapping methods. Thus, if you define the @ExceptionHandler annotation on a method in a @ControllerAdvice class, it will be applied to all the controllers.
This annotation is used at the class level. The @RestController annotation marks the class as a controller where every method returns a domain object instead of a view. By annotating a class with this annotation, you no longer need to add @ResponseBody to all the RequestMapping methods. It means that you no long use view-resolvers or send HTML in response. You just send the domain object as an HTTP response in the format that is understood by the consumers, like JSON. @RestController is proposal, a convenience annotation that combines @Controller and @ResponseBody. This annotation is applied to Java classes. @RestControllerAdvice is a convenience annotation that combines @ControllerAdvice and @ResponseBody. This annotation is used along with the @ExceptionHandler annotation to handle exceptions that occur within the controller. About Utilitarianism? This annotation is used at method parameter level. Dissertation Proposal? The @SessionAttribute annotation is used to bind the method parameter to a session attribute. This annotation provides a convenient access to the existing or permanent session attributes.
This annotation is applied at essay the type level for a specific handler. Care? The @SessionAtrributes annotation is used when you want to add a JavaBean object into a session. This is used when you want to extended essay keep the object in session for short lived. @SessionAttributes is used in conjunction with @ModelAttribute. Consider this example: The @ModelAttribute name is assigned to the @SessionAttributes as a value. The @SessionAttributes has two elements. The value element is the name of the session in dissertation proposal care the model and essays the types element is the type of session attributes in the model. This annotation is used at the class level.
When developing a project with a number of services, you need to dissertation proposal health care have a centralized and straightforward manner to configure and retrieve the configurations of all the services that you are going to develop. One advantage of using a centralized config server is that you don’t need to carry the burden of remembering where each configuration is distributed across multiple and distributed components. You can use Spring Cloud’s @EnableConfigServer annotation to a2 biology beetroot coursework start a config server that the other applications can talk to. This annotation is applied to health care Java classes. One problem that you may encounter while decomposing your application into microservices is that it becomes difficult for every service to know the address of every other service it depends on. There comes the discovery service which is responsible for tracking the locations of all other microservices. Netflix’s Eureka is an implementation of a discovery server and integration is essay, provided by Spring Boot.
Spring Boot has made it easy to design a Eureka Server by dissertation, just annotating the entry class with @EnableEurekaServer. A2 Biology Beetroot? This annotation is applied to Java classes. In order to tell any application to register itself with Eureka, you just need to add the proposal health care @EnableDiscoveryClientannotation to essay the application entry point. The application that’s now registered with Eureka uses the Spring Cloud Discovery Client abstraction to interrogate the registry for dissertation health its own host and port. This annotation is applied to Java classes that can act as the circuit breaker. The circuit breaker pattern can allow a microservice continue working when a related service fails, preventing the failure from cascading. This also gives the failed service a time to recover. The class annotated with @EnableCircuitBreaker will monitor, open, and close the circuit breaker.
This annotation is used at the method level. Resume Writing Dc 2011? Netflix’s Hystrix library provides the implementation of a Circuit Breaker pattern. When you apply the circuit breaker to a method, Hystrix watches for the failures of the method. Once failures build up to a threshold, Hystrix opens the circuit so that the subsequent calls also fail. Now Hystrix redirects calls to the method, and dissertation proposal they are passed to etd dissertations the specified fallback methods. Hystrix looks for any method annotated with the @HystrixCommand annotation and health care wraps it into a proxy connected to a circuit breaker so that Hystrix can monitor it. Consider the following example: Here @HystrixCommand is applied to the original method bookList(). The @HystrixCommand annotation has newList as the fallback method. So for best resume some reason, if Hystrix opens the circuit on proposal care bookList(), you will have a placeholder book list ready for the users. Spring Framework DataAccess Annotations. This annotation is placed before an interface definition, a method on an interface, a class definition, or a public method on a class.
The mere presence of @Transactional is not enough to activate the transactional behavior. The @Transactional is simply metadata that can be consumed by resume dc 2011, some runtime infrastructure. This infrastructure uses the metadata to configure the appropriate beans with transactional behavior. The annotation further supports configuration like: The Propagation type of the transaction The Isolation level of the transaction A timeout for the operation wrapped by the transaction A read-only flag — a hint for the persistence provider that the transaction must be read onlyThe rollback rules for health the transaction. Essay About Utilitarianism? This annotation is used on methods. The simplest way of enabling the cache behavior for a method is to annotate it with @Cacheable and parameterize it with the name of the cache where the results would be stored. In the snippet above, the method getAddress is associated with the cache named addresses. Each time the method is called, the cache is checked to see whether the dissertation health invocation has been already executed and does not have to be repeated. This annotation is used on essay about methods. Whenever you need to update the cache without interfering the method execution, you can use the @CachePut annotation.
That is, the method will always be executed and the result cached. Using @CachePut and @Cacheable on care the same method is strongly discouraged, as the former forces the execution in order to execute a cache update, the latter causes the method execution to be skipped by using the cache. This annotation is used on methods. It is not that you always want to populate the cache with more and more data. Sometimes, you may want to remove some cache data so that you can populate the cache with some fresh values. About? In such a case, use the @CacheEvict annotation.
Here, an additional element, allEntries, is used along with the cache name to proposal be emptied. It is set to true so that it clears all values and prepares to hold new data. This annotation is a class level annotation. The @CacheConfig annotation helps to best dc 2011 streamline some of the cache information at one place. Dissertation? Placing this annotation on cmm operator resume a class does not turn on any caching operation. This allows you to dissertation health care store the sophocles cache configuration at the class level so that you don’t have to declare things multiple times. Task Execution and Scheduling Annotations. This annotation is a method-level annotation. The @Scheduled annotation is used on methods along with the trigger metadata. A method with @Scheduled should have a void return type and should not accept any parameters.
There are different ways of using the dissertation @Scheduled annotation: In this case, the duration between the end of the a2 biology beetroot coursework last execution and the start of the next execution is fixed. The tasks always wait until the dissertation proposal care previous one is finished. In this case, the beginning of the task execution does not wait for the completion of the previous execution. The task gets executed initially with a delay and then continues with the specified fixed rate. This annotation is used on about utilitarianism methods to dissertation execute each method in a separate thread. The @Async annotation is provided on a method so that the invocation of that method will occur asynchronously.
Unlike methods annotated with @Scheduled, the methods annotated with @Async can take arguments. They will be invoked in cmm operator the normal way by callers at runtime rather than by a scheduled task. @Async can be used with both void return type methods and methods that return a value. However, methods with return values must have a Future-typed return value. Spring Framework Testing Annotations. This annotation is a class-level annotation. The @BootstrapWith annotation is used to configure how the Spring TestContext Framework is bootstrapped. This annotation is proposal health, used as a metadata to create custom composed annotations and reduce the configuration duplication in a test suite. This annotation is resume, a class level annotation that defines a metadata used to determine which configuration files to use to the load the ApplicationContext for your test. More specifically @ContextConfiguration declares the annotated classes that will be used to load the dissertation proposal context.
You can also tell Spring where to locate the file. This annotation is a class level annotation. The @WebAppConfiguration is writing dc 2011, used to dissertation proposal declare that the ApplicationContext loaded for etd dissertations an integration test should be a WebApplicationContext. This annotation is used to create the web version of the application context. It is important to note that this annotation must be used with the @ContextConfiguration annotation. The default path to the root of the web application is src/main/webapp. You can override it by proposal health, passing a different path to the span class=theme:classic lang:default decode:true [email protected] This annotation is used on methods.
The @Timed annotation indicates that the antigone sophocles annotated test method must finish its execution at the specified time period (in milliseconds). If the execution exceeds the specified time in the annotation, the test fails. In this example, the test will fail if it exceeds 10 seconds of execution. This annotation is dissertation care, used on test methods. If you want to writing services dc 2011 run a test method several times in a row automatically, you can use the @Repeat annotation. The number of times that test method is to proposal health care be executed is cmm operator resume, specified in the annotation. In this example, the test will be executed 10 times. This annotation can be used as both class-level or method-level annotation. After execution of a test method, the transaction of the transactional test method can be committed using the @Commit annotation. Dissertation Proposal Health Care? This annotation explicitly conveys the intent of the code. When used at the class level, this annotation defines the commit for all test methods within the class.
When declared as a method level annotation, @Commit specifies the commit for essay specific test methods overriding the class level commit. This annotation can be used as both class-level and method-level annotation. The @RollBack annotation indicates whether the transaction of dissertation health, a transactional test method must be rolled back after the test completes its execution. Cmm Operator? If this true, @Rollback(true), the transaction is rolled back. Otherwise, the transaction is committed. Proposal? @Commit is used instead of @RollBack(false). When used at the class level, this annotation defines the rollback for all test methods within the class.
When declared as a method level annotation, @RollBack specifies the rollback for coursework specific test methods overriding the class level rollback semantics. This annotation is used as both class-level and method-level annotation. @DirtiesContext indicates that the Spring ApplicationContext has been modified or corrupted in some manner and it should be closed. This will trigger the context reloading before execution of next test. The ApplicationContext is marked as dirty before or after any such annotated method as well as before or after current test class. The @DirtiesContext annotation supports BEFORE_METHOD, BEFORE_CLASS, and BEFORE_EACH_TEST_METHOD modes for care closing the ApplicationContext before a test. NOTE : Avoid overusing this annotation. It is an expensive operation and if abused, it can really slow down your test suite. This annotation is used to annotate void methods in the test class. @BeforeTransaction annotated methods indicate that they should be executed before any transaction starts executing. That means the etd dissertations method annotated with @BeforeTransaction must be executed before any method annotated with @Transactional. This annotation is used to annotate void methods in proposal care the test class. @AfterTransaction annotated methods indicate that they should be executed after a transaction ends for test methods.
That means the method annotated with @AfterTransaction must be executed after the method annotated with @Transactional. This annotation can be declared on a test class or test method to run SQL scripts against a database. The @Sql annotation configures the resource path to ib environmental systems SQL scripts that should be executed against proposal health care a given database either before or after an best resume writing services dc 2011, integration test method. When @Sql is used at the method level it, will override any @Sqldefined in at class level. This annotation is used along with the @Sql annotation. The @SqlConfig annotation defines the health care metadata that is used to determine how to parse and execute SQL scripts configured via the @Sql annotation.
When used at the class level, this annotation serves as global configuration for all SQL scripts within the test class. But when used directly with the config attribute of @Sql, @SqlConfig serves as a local configuration for SQL scripts declared. This annotation is used on methods. The @SqlGroup annotation is best resume, a container annotation that can hold [email protected] annotations. This annotation can declare nested @Sql annotations. In addition, @SqlGroup is used as a meta-annotation to create custom composed annotations. This annotation can also be used along with repeatable annotations, where @Sql can be declared several times on the same method or class. This annotation is care, used to start the Spring context for etd dissertations integration tests.
This will bring up the full autoconfigruation context. The @DataJpaTest annotation will only provide the autoconfiguration required to test Spring Data JPA using an dissertation proposal, in-memory database such as H2. This annotation is ib environmental systems, used instead of @SpringBootTest. The @DataMongoTest will provide a minimal autoconfiguration and an embedded MongoDB for running integration tests with Spring Data MongoDB. The @WebMVCTest will bring up a mock servlet context for dissertation proposal health care testing the MVC layer. Services and components are not loaded into the context. To provide these dependencies for services dc 2011 testing, the @MockBean annotation is typically used. The @AutoConfigureMockMVC annotation works very similarly to the @WebMVCTest annotation, but the full Spring Boot context is started. Creates and injects a Mockito Mock for the given dependency. Will limit the auto-configuration of dissertation care, Spring Boot to components relevant to processing JSON.
This annotation will also autoconfigure an instance of JacksonTester or GsonTester. Class level annotation used to specify property sources for the test class. Strategies and techniques for building scalable and resilient microservices to refactor a monolithic application step-by-step, a free O'Reilly book. Brought to you in partnership with Lightbend. Like This Article? Read More From DZone. Free DZone Refcard.
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Respect within the Military basically means treat others as you would want to be treated. It is one of the basic Army Values. Dissertation Care? It is by far one of the most important values that we have. It is the one that keeps everyone acting polite and curiosities towards everyone. About? This is one of the NCO’s basic responsibilities. Leadership Theories Read the full Leadership text on my Blog Leadership Theories and dissertation health care Summary The following material is etd dissertations, a high level summary of twelve approaches/theories in proposal care leadership . Each section covers a theory/approach to cmm operator leadership . The sections cover the basic assumptions, references. 15 July 2011 Respect Respect within the dissertation health care, Military basically means treat others as you would want to be treated.
It is one of the basic Army Values. It is by far one of the cmm operator resume, most important values that we have. It is the dissertation health, one that keeps everyone acting polite and curiosities towards everyone. This. What is the importance of respect in utilitarianism the army? What is the health care, meaning of a2 biology, respect ? What does respect have to do with anything and how can you be successful without it?
Well in recent turning of events I have come to find out that it has a very big role in the military lifestyle. Proposal Care? I mean in almost every aspect. could improve there lives drasticly if they knew how to manage the time properly. Setting priorities is a very important step in time management. If your priorities aren’t set in order then you won’t get the important things done in a timely manner By being assigned a task that we are to perform daily. In-Depth Character Analyis of Edgar in King Lear - Plan for Essay. In-Depth Character Analysis: Edgar Use this as a basis for an essay based specifically on Edgar's character, for etd dissertations an essay based on the use of parallel plots, or for an essay based on how tragic King Lear is. Proposal? -_-_-Introduction-_-_- Edgar is the only pure character from the Gloucester storyline. Word count: 2,608 Assignment Topic Compare and contrast two leaders, at least one of whom must be a business leader.
Which of the two was the more effective leader? Why? What skills did they demonstrate? Executive Summary It is said that leadership is the process of influencing an organised group. Pay Group has a total of 775 stores, made up of Hypermarkets, Supermarkets and Family Stores (which are franchise stores).
Pick n Pay employs over 42 000 people, and essay about utilitarianism generates an annual turnover of R55.3 billion. It wasn't always this way, though. In 1967, Pick n Pay was founded as a family controlled. Leadership as a Developed Human Behavior. dictionary it gives a general definition of leadership as the dissertation proposal health care, ability to affect human behavior to etd dissertations accomplish a mission or influencing a group of people to move towards a specific goal, setting, achievement or mission. I believe that everyone leader or has leadership qualities there are many levels, types. Against All Gods, Six Polemics on Religion and an Essay on Kindness. oberon masters series A C Grayling AGAINST ALL GODS Six Polemics on Religion and care an Essay on Kindness oberon books london First published in 2007 by Oberon Books Ltd 521 Caledonian Road, London N7 9RH Tel: 020 7607 3637 / Fax: 020 7607 3629 e-mail: [email protected] www.oberonbooks.
Effective Leadership and Gender Differences in Communication. Effective Leadership and Gender Differences in Communication Have you ever been under someone and you wondered how they became a leader. Cmm Operator Resume? I have been under people that had no clue on how to be an effective leader and do not think they really cared. I do think that male and health female have differences. an Effective Middle School Leadership Program 1 Running head: DEVELOPING AN EFFECTIVE MIDDLE SCHOOL LEADERSHIP PROGRAM Developing a Student Leadership Program at Como Lake Middle School David Adam Truss University of Oregon Department of Educational Leadership Faculty Advisor: Jen Katz-Buonincontro. (type B or HB is recommended) READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write in soft pencil. Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid. Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on resume, the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided unless this has been done for dissertation care you. DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES. ORG 300 MODULE 2 LEADERSHIP AND COMMUNICATION. ORG 300 MODULE 2 LEADERSHIP AND COMMUNICATION To Purchase this tutorial visit following link http://wiseamerican.us/product/org-300-module-2- leadership -communication/ Contact us at: [email protected] ORG 300 MODULE 2 LEADERSHIP AND COMMUNICATION Leadership Communication Case Study Analysis . How similar were the causes and consequences of the Hungarian uprising and the Prague Spring? 
How similar were the causes and consequences of the Hungarian uprising and the Prague Spring? [ 50 ] The Hungarian Uprising of 56 and Prague Spring of 68 share and differ on a number of causes and ib environmental extended essay consequences in terms of political, economic, social and physical themes. Having entered a period of reform. Army values are Loyalty, Duty, Respect , Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity, and Personal Courage. All of the Army core values complement one another. Dissertation? Without the tight bond between them all, there would be no army core values. Honor and Loyalty are complimented by respect as you can’t have honor nor loyalty. Chloe Grierson Higher English Essay – Film Analysis – “Gladiator” “The general who became a slave, the best resume services, slave. The slave who became a gladiator. And the gladiator who defied an empire.” – Theory of health, Maximus Gladiator, a Ridley Scott production is a five academy award winning film. Coursework? It is a epic tale. LEADERSHIP ESSAY By Redemptor Benedict What Does Leadership Mean?
What does it mean to be a leader? Is it the title….President, Chairman, General etc? To me, it’s more than that. Titles are important…no doubt about dissertation that, but they don’t have much value when it comes to sophocles essays leading. Dissertation Care? True leadership . NATURE OF LEADERSHIP An essential part of management is co-ordinating the ib environmental extended essay, activities of people and guiding their efforts towards the goals and objectives of the organisation. This involves the process of leadership and the choice of an appropriate form of dissertation proposal, action and a2 biology coursework behaviour. Leadership is a central. INTRODUCTION TO LEADERSHIP Centre Number: 061029 Centre Name: Project Skills Solutions Candidate Registration No: Candidate Name: Please use the headings shown below when writing up your assignment Assessment Criteria Leadership styles Identify factors that will influence your choice of leadership. Instructor: Dr. Dissertation Proposal Health Care? H. F. (Herb) MacKenzie, Ph.D.
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All rights reserved. Published by Jossey-Bass A Wiley Imprint 989 Market. social disarray, economic dilapidation, judiciary’s slumber, media’s impassiveness, civil society’s incoherence and other stakeholders’ disinterest. Leadership has underperformed. It has derailed the ib environmental essay, art of managing public affairs. Dissertation Health? The state’s institutions have been infected. It has weakened the process. ? Tena Traughber BUS 690 Strategies in Organizational Leadership Dr. JAG 02/14/2014 In taking the Authentic Leadership Self-Assessment Questionnaire, I was very surprised by my results.
The questionnaire was broken down in to essay four categories which were: 1. Self-Awareness 17- High 2. currently work, or would like to work. ? Write a 700- to 1,050- word paper addressing why ethics and ethical leadership is important in dissertation that field. Essay About Utilitarianism? a. Discuss the dissertation, moral responsibilities you would have as a leader in your field of focus. b. Develop a moral vision or road map that. and even parents does not like nor accept these negro’s coming into their community. Discrimination came within these races, but with the coach’s leadership and courage, he shows the resume, teammates how to come together as a family and little at a time unites the proposal care, community, black and white. Essay About Utilitarianism? Denzel Washington. Honestly when I heard of dissertation proposal care, YLI and signed up to go I was thinking 'what am I getting myself into?' 'I can't believe I paid good money to beetroot go to a boring leadership camp.
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labour resume Hazardous Child Labour in Brief. Geneva, Revised April 1998. I. WORKING CHILDREN. It is common knowledge that data on child labour are extremely scarce. The reason for this is the absence of an appropriate survey methodology for probing into the work of children which, for health care the most part, is a hidden phenomenon.
Consequently, the ILO designed special sample survey methodologies and experimented them in four countries. These were further refined and adopted for investigating at the national level the child labour situation in a number of countries. The child labour problem being multi-dimensional, the information sought through the specialised survey approaches involved answers to a2 biology coursework the following questions, among others: - Who are the working children and how many are there in the individual countries? - How old are they when they start to proposal work for the first time and how do they live? - Why do they work and in which sectors are they engaged? - What are their specific occupations and the conditions of their work? - What types of exploitation and abuse they face at work? - How safe are they physically and mentally at their workplace or in their occupations? - Do they also go to school? If they do, what are the consequences of essay about utilitarianism, their non-schooling work?
And if they do not go to school, what are the reasons? - Who are their employers? Why do they use them? And how do they treat them in comparison with their adult workers? - How many children are engaged on health, a full time basis in housekeeping activities of a purely domestic nature in their own parents' or guardians' households thereby sacrificing their education and also exposing themselves to various injuries and health hazards? - Are there children who live away from a2 biology coursework their parents' or guardians' households and health care, if so, where do they reside and what do they do?
- What are the perceptions of etd dissertations, parents about their working children? What are those of the children themselves and dissertation health care, their employers? Based on the findings of the experiments as well as the results of national surveys carried out since then using the newly developed methodologies and, also taking into account other demographic and socio-economic factors, the essay about ILO produced estimates on the size of working children at regional and global levels which have been internationally accepted and health care, quoted as ILO figures. Prior to that, there have only been guesstimates which ranged between 200 million and more than 400 million children working world-wide. 2. Level and distribution of working children. According to the new estimates, there are some 250 million children 5-14 years old who are toiling in economic activity in developing countries. For close to one-half of them (or 120 million), this work is carried out on a full time basis, while for the remaining one-half it is antigone combined with schooling or other non-economic activities. Among school going children, up to one-third of the boys (33%) and more than two-fifths (42%) of the girls are also engaged in economic activities on a part-time basis. The overall estimates of 250 million working children are exclusive of children who are engaged in regular non-economic activities, including.
those who provide services of domestic nature on a full-time basis in their own parents' or guardians' households. The number of such children is relatively large (about 15%-20% of the total child population of the same age-cohort). The data so far obtained through methodological experiments and in countries where national surveys were conducted using the newly developed and health care, tested methodologies show that more boys than girls work ¾ close to three boys to two girls, on average. Systems Extended? It should be borne in mind, however, that the proposal health care number of working girls is often underestimated by statistical surveys which usually do not take into account unpaid economic activity carried out in and around the household, including household enterprises. Also more girls than boys perform full-time housework of non-economic nature - e.g., housekeeping in their own parents' household - many of them between 8-12 years old - in ib environmental systems essay order to enable their parents or guardians to go to work, or to take care of sick or handicapped members in the household. Such work is reported to be the main reason for dissertation care about one-third of the youngsters who do not attend school - they were either never enrolled or were obliged to drop out of school because of the full-time housework. If such full-time housework were taken into account, there would be little or no variation between the sexes in the total size of systems extended, working children, and the number of girls could even exceed that of care, boys. For obvious reasons, child labour is most prevalent in the developing regions of the globe. In absolute terms, it is Asia (excluding Japan), as the antigone sophocles most densely populated region of the world, that has the most child workers (approximately 61% of the world's total as compared with 32 % in Africa, 7% in Latin America and the Caribbean, and one-fifth of one per cent in Oceania excluding Australia and New Zealand). But in relative terms, Africa comes first in economic activity participation rate of children which is estimated at dissertation proposal health care a little more than two children out of systems extended, five (or 41%) of the dissertation proposal care total children 5-14 years old. The corresponding proportion in Asia is around one-half of the level in Africa (i.e., more than one in five children or 22%), and resume, it is one in six (or 17%) in dissertation Latin America, and essays, close to health one in three (29%) in Oceania.
In all regions, more boys than girls participate in economic activity. The highest participation rate of boys is in Africa (46%) as compared with the a2 biology rates in Oceania (33%), Asia (23%) and Latin America and the Caribbean (22%). The gender differential in the rates is greatest in Latin America (22% for boys to 11% for proposal the girls), followed by Africa (46% to 37%, respectively, and the latter is also the etd dissertations highest participation rate of girls by region); and Oceania (33% to 26%). The differential between boys and girls participation rates is smallest in Asia (23% to 20%). Participation rates of children in economic activity are much higher in rural areas than in urban centres. Based on the surveys so far undertaken, including the dissertation proposal care experiments in etd dissertations the four countries, the propensity for children to engage in an economic activity is on average twice as high in the rural communities. However, with the rapid urbanization of most developing countries and, also with the increasing number of youngsters themselves migrating to towns and cities, the proposal health share of urban centres in the total volume of extended essay, child labour would no doubt grow in the future. The vast majority of dissertation proposal health, children working in rural communities are engaged in agricultural or similar activities (an average of etd dissertations, nine out of dissertation care, ten children in most of the systems countries surveyed and more than two in every three children in the others). In urban areas, child labour was found mainly in health trade, services (especially domestic work) and in the manufacturing sectors. Rural children, in particular girls, tend to begin economic activity at an early age, some at 5, 6 or 7 years of age.
Survey results show that in some cases up to 20 per cent of economically active children are 5-9 years old in the rural areas and around five per cent in the urban centres. Industry and services, occupation. It is evident that the dissertation care less developed a country is, the cmm operator greater the proportion of the dissertation health child population who work. Best Dc 2011? It is also clear that the more elementary the dissertation type of economic activity or the kind of essay, occupation that does not need specific skills, the larger the relative size of the working children in proposal care that particular industry or occupation. These factors influence the level of distribution of the essay about utilitarianism total number of dissertation health, working children by branch of economic activity or by occupation in any specific country. About Utilitarianism? As a result, the relative level of the child workforce in proposal health care any industry or occupation could vary widely from one country to another. For example, in Cambodia the proportion of children working in agriculture in 1996 was about 90% as compared with 65% in the Philippines.
On the other hand, the level of working children in wholesale and retail trade, restaurants and hotels was 17% in the Philippines and 7% in Cambodia. Because of the predominance of cmm operator resume, agriculture in Cambodia, the care number of children working in essay about agriculture-related occupations was also close to 90% as compared with 75% in the Philippines. Based on a number of dissertation proposal health, countries (approx. 20) for which data have been collected recently, the average level of essay about, working children in the different branches of economic activity and occupations are shown in the following two tables and charts: As can be seen, economic activities and occupations related to the agricultural sector are predominant in the proportion of child workers.
Although the average number of children in agricultural activities and health, occupations are, respectively, 70% and 74%, these ratios could be as high as 90% in the former and 95% in the latter. In both, the ratios for the girls (75% and essay, 79%) are higher than for the boys (69% and dissertation proposal health, 73%). The proportions of children working in trade, restaurants and hotels (ranging from 8% to 17% in a few instances), manufacturing (8% to 15%), and services (7%) are relatively high when compared with the ratios in the other non-agricultural sectors. Most of the former activities are performed in a2 biology coursework the urban centres. Hours and Earnings. Many children work long hours every day of the proposal health week. For example, some survey results show that more than half of the working children are toiling for 9 hours or more per day, with cases where up to four-fifths of them working seven days a week including work on antigone, public holidays, especially in dissertation the rural communities.
There are cases where children work 56 hours or more per week. Essay About Utilitarianism? In paid employment which is concentrated in urban centres, the number of care, children working long hours is smaller (about two-thirds of them) and the majority work six days a week. A large majority (around 70%) of etd dissertations, working youngsters toil as unpaid family workers, especially in the rural areas where working girls outnumber working boys. More than four in every five children (or 81%) work without pay. Most of those working as paid employees are paid much less than the prevailing rates in their localities, even when compared with the proposal health care legal minimum wages, receiving only one-sixth of the minimum rate in one survey finding. Also the younger the working child, the best resume writing services lower the wage payment. On average, girls work longer hours than boys and are paid less than their working brothers doing the same type of work. Comparatively larger numbers of girls work as paid domestics where the pay scale is dissertation proposal usually low.
Generally, children are not paid for overtime work although many of them work additional hours and often they are required to do so when demand for various services reaches its peak and/or due to labour shortages. Many children work during the evenings or nights as well. In one major survey, close to two-thirds (64%) of the child labour force in the agricultural sector are found to systems extended essay be working during these periods - three-quarters of the dissertation health boys and more than two-fifths of the girls. However, in the retail trade and particularly in personal services, the proportions of the girls working in the evenings and nights are considerably greater than. those of the boys - 27% as compared with 10% in the former sector, and 16% against 3% in the latter. A large number of the a2 biology coursework girls working as housemaids are often obliged to spend the night in their employer's household thereby also exposing themselves to various abuses, especially sexual. II. HAZARDOUS CHILD LABOUR.
Being tender physically, children are susceptible to various work -related injuries and illnesses more than adults doing the dissertation health same kind of work. Also because they are not yet matured mentally, they are less aware, even completely unaware, of the potential risks involved in their specific occupations or at the workplace itself. Beetroot Coursework? As a result, a large number of working children are affected by various hazards - more than two-thirds (69%) of dissertation proposal health, them in some countries. Many of them suffer actual injuries or illnesses, from 5% to more than 20%, some of whom stop working permanently. Recent surveys at the national level have demonstrated that a very high proportion of the children were physically injured or fell ill while working. These included punctures, broken or complete loss of body parts, burns and skin disease, eye and hearing impairment, respiratory and gastro-intestinal illnesses, fever, headaches from excessive heat in the fields or in factories. A large majority of these children had to consult medical doctors and some had to be hospitalised. Many affected children had to miss work for a time, with some stopping work for good.
In absolute terms, more boys than girls are affected by injuries and illnesses mainly because of the total size of working boys - (the ratio is etd dissertations almost three working boys to dissertation proposal care two girls). Also, since a large majority of working children are in the rural areas engaged in agricultural activities, the number of ib environmental essay, injuries and illnesses related to the agricultural sector is by far the largest. However, in certain specific economic activities or occupations, the incidence of injuries and illnesses is significantly higher for the working girls than for their working brothers. Also, even if the number of children working in a particular industry or occupation is quite small, the likelihood of work-related injuries or illnesses can be relatively very high. Therefore, such industries and occupations should be out of the reach of the proposal health care child labour force even if allowed to work. For example, as shown in Table 3 and the tables and charts below, the total number of youngsters who work in etd dissertations the agricultural sector represent more than two-thirds (70%) of the total working children and, as a result of this large number, those who experience injuries and.
illnesses in the sector also account for dissertation proposal health care a considerably high proportion (70%) of the total suffered by all working children. The corresponding injury illness levels by gender in the sector are approximately 76% of the total working boys and 57% of the best writing services dc 2011 total working girls. In contrast, the incidence of injuries and illnesses in dissertation health care the sector is 12% of the total children working in the sector, the same level for the boys and 16% for the girls. Although the size of child labour in mining or in construction is very small (respectively, about 1% and 2% of the total child workforce), the occurrence of injuries and illnesses is significantly high in etd dissertations both sectors. These two are by far the worst sectors for dissertation proposal health working children, particularly for the working girls - more than one girl in every three (35%) and one boy out of four (26%) are affected by injuries and essays, illnesses if they work in the construction sector; and if working in mining, the dissertation incidence is one in every five girls (21%) and close to one boy out of eight (12%). While the total size of etd dissertations, workers in the transport sector is also very small (less than 4% of all child workforce), about one in every five (19%) of the boys working in the sector suffer from work-related injuries and illnesses which is the second highest for the boys working in any other sector. In one recent large survey undertaken at health care the national level for probing into all dimensions of child labour for the age-group 5-17 years, much information was collected particularly on the health and safety aspects of working children. The results revealed that out of a total of 3.67 million economically active children in the country, more than 60 per cent (or 2.21 million) were exposed to hazardous conditions which included biological (19% of best resume writing services dc 2011, all working children), chemical (26%) and environmental (51%) hazards during their work. Dissertation Proposal Health Care? Not only ib environmental extended essay, because a large majority of children work in agriculture and related activities, but also due to the hard working conditions in this sector and in mining, much of the exposure to dissertation care injuries and illness took place in the rural areas - approximately two-thirds of all exposures as compared to about one-third in the urban centres. Again because of their large number, most of ib environmental systems extended, those exposed were boys (approximately 70% of the total working boys and dissertation care, girls); but in relative terms, the level of exposure was close between the two sexes - 64% of the working boys compared with 53% of the working girls. Of the total exposed children of 2.21 million, there were more than 870,000 children (39%) who suffered injuries or illnesses - divided almost.
equally: 49% of them (or 426,000 children) suffered injuries and the other 51% (or 444,000 children) suffered illnesses. This amounted to almost one child in every four children economically active (or 24% of 3.67 million); injuries affected close to 12% of utilitarianism, all children engaged in economic activity and illnesses a little more than 12%. The number of boys who suffered was considerably larger than that of the girls (72% verses 28% of the total sufferers); but the ratios were closer when compared within the same sex (26% of the dissertation proposal health working boys and 19% of the girls). Close to three-quarters (74%) of the injuries and illnesses were in the rural communities and the rest (26%) in beetroot coursework the urban areas. Numerically, the most frequent injuries were cuts/wounds/punctures which totalled close to dissertation 600,000 (or 69% of all injuries). Cmm Operator Resume? However, there were also injuries which were much serious though their occurrences were less frequent - for example, burns (57,500, equivalent to 7% of the total injuries), dislocations/fractures/sprains (45,900, or 5%), crushing injuries (29,800, or 3%), and even amputation/loss of body parts (1,100, or one-tenth of one percent) - for a total of 134,300, equivalent to dissertation more than 15% of the total injuries and about four per cent of the total economically active children. There were also 135,000 cases (or 16%) related to injuries such as contusions, bruises, haemoid and abrasions. Antigone Sophocles? Other injuries totalled 12,400. Among the illnesses reported, body aches/pains (head, neck, back, etc.) were the most frequent (518,000, representing 57% of all illnesses), followed by dissertation proposal skin diseases (190,000, or 21%). The more grave illnesses were gastro intestinal (48,100, or 5%), respiratory (47,500, or 5%), eye strain/eye sight impairment (31,300, or 4%), hearing impairment (10,100, or 1%), and unspecified illnesses (61,500, or 7%). On average, three children in every 100 hundred had stopped work due to the work-related injuries and/or illnesses, while approximately one-half of the antigone working children were obliged to stop work temporarily and the remaining 46% were able to continued working despite their injuries or illnesses.
Some indicators of the extent of child labour and dissertation proposal health care, related variables in resume countries where national surveys were conducted recently (see table 7, p.15).