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Essay over the doll house play

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autism business plan There are some basic steps to essay the doll house create what our family calls an Autism Action Plan. The plan for our loved one is very similar to life planning or future planning. How To Hunger Essay! Life planning is essential for persons with developmental disabilities. Our family member will need help to plan for his lifetime care, supervision, protection and financial security. It is a tragedy when children and adults with autism are not able to fully participate in their communities because they cannot access the essay over the doll play services that would allow them to do so. The more we learn about autism, the more hope we have for treatment and the more tragic inaction becomes. Former Sen. Collected Essays Problem! Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY) You have the power to change for the better any given situation.

How? Apply what you learn so that it best suits the needs and desires of your child -- and your family. Begin by thoughtfully asking and seeking answers to questions, like: What are my child's unique needs and desires? Are there any specialized services available for a child with autism in my state? Which autism resources could be helpful in our situation?

How can I help my child to learn, grow and essay the doll house, develop? Should any health, safety or behavioral issues be addressed? Are there any needs or concerns which require my immediate attention? Consider all your options. Begin the process of putting together a continuous, flexible autism action plan into place for your loved one -- from early signs and symptoms of autism throughout preschool to adult services. We have found the Letter of Intent Worksheet to be especially useful in creating an autism action plan. Autism Action Plan. Employee Benefits for Families of termanation california Children With Special Needs Information, research and resources to play help you better understand the how to world hunger available employee benefits for families of children with special needs, so that parents can make more informed choices about both public and private health benefits and support programs. Social Security Benefits Parent tips on applying for over house play, Social Security and Supplemental Security Income disability programs.

Family Journal A Family Journal is an empowering and useful document which explains to your family in plain language, information they should know about in your absence. This file, journal or document states exactly what your wishes are. In regards of your child with autism should something happen to their parent or guardian. Letter of Intent A Letter of Intent is style thesis intended to describe the life of your loved one and express your hopes and wishes as parents and caregivers, particularly in the event of your death or inability to continue in over house play the care giving role. Letter of Intent Worksheet helps you to consider your son or daughter's future by listing options to use as a guide for future caregivers in decision making and interaction with your child. Draw upon what you know about your son or daughter, through observation and christmas essay, through discussion with your child, and share what you've learned. Medicaid Waivers are actually Home and Community-Based Services Waivers provided by most states to persons with developmental disabilities or long-term illnesses to receive certain medical and non-medical services. These services may help a person at any age remain living at the doll house play, home or within their community instead of an institution or residential placement. How to Select a Service Coordinator Useful information and questions to ask to help you select the right service coordinator for parental termanation, your loved one. Essay Over The Doll Play! A Service Coordinator or case manager assists a person with a developmental disability to develop an individualized plan of service or ISP.

Respite Services give families time away from taking care of their family member who has a disability. Respite allows family members to go shopping, attend a wedding or funeral, or to just relax and stay at home. Transition Planning Your child's school district Special Education Department or Committee is writing style thesis required by both federal and state regulations before age level 14 to begin to help you and essay the doll house play, your child develop a transition plan from school to life after school -- meeting with you, your child and essays on sociology problem, community agencies to discuss what skills and knowledge your child will need as an adult. Person-Centered Planning consists of service options that are based on the choices, strength, and needs of someone who has a developmental disability - rather than a set choice of essay over house play options for services. What Is A Supports Intensity Scale? Describes a planning tool designed to measure the level of support that each person with autism and collected and social problem, other developmental disabilities need to essay the doll house play fully participate in the community.

Self-Determination is the right of persons with disabilities to make choices about their own lives, to have the same rights and responsibilities as everyone else, and to speak and advocate for themselves. Self-Advocacy. Cyber Bullying Research! Parents are their children's best advocate. However, it is very important for able adults with autism and other developmental disabilities to learn how to advocate for themselves and become self-advocates. Over The Doll House Play! Learning to speak up for yourself is generally a process. What is a Circle of brave Support? A circle of support is a group of people interested in getting together to assist a focal person enhance and expand his or her life by helping to reach key personal goals. Residential Placement There are various types of residential placement options available for over the doll play, an individual with autism depending upon the level of care a person may need. This page also offers dozens of christmas valid questions to over the doll house play help you select a residential service provider, as well as an agency interested in how to solve world providing support and essay the doll house, residential opportunity for your loved one. What is spirit Guardianship? A parent is considered by law, the natural guardian of his or her child until that child reaches the age of 18.

Once the essay over child reaches the age of collected on sociology problem 18, however, a parent or sibling (or other potential guardian) must petition the court to grant guardianship status over the said adult with disabilities. The Doll! Supplemental Needs Trust Individuals with mental retardation and/or developmental disabilities who have assets over approximately $2,000 are ineligible to receive state and federal services i.e. HCBS waivers and problem, must spend their money down to over house play this amount first. However, the government does allow special needs trusts to be set up for children with disabilities. Autism Services (General Standard of Care Throughout Life)

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Reality Shows Essays and Research Papers. Reality television is a relatively new fad in America that is sweeping the networks’ ratings and redefining programming altogether. . Reality television is essay over the doll a genre of television programming that presents unscripted dramatic, entertaining or humorous situations, documents real events, and usually features people chosen from the ranks of ordinary people and not professionally trained actors. Essay. A reality show provides exposure that people could not get anywhere else; giving non-celebrities the potential. America's Next Top Model , Reality television , Television 1443 Words | 5 Pages. Instant Fame Fame seekers may claim that reality TV's biggest advantage comes in its unrivaled ability to produce more 15 minutes of fame . stars than other TV genres. Essay Over. A reality show provides exposure that people could not get anywhere else, giving non-celebrities the parental california, potential to become household names and house, land opportunities that otherwise may evade them. Achieving One's Dream Competitive reality programs offer another advantage to termanation paper california, participants: the opportunity to follow dreams, land big breaks. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Big Brother 593 Words | 3 Pages. In Christine Lee’s “A Trend Taken Too Far:The Reality of Real TV,” she goes on the doll the note that Survivor has opened a new page of . reality television.

It succeeds in parental california attracting and keeping viewer’s attention and interest. Christine explains that the reality shows which were developed after Survivor are dull. In order to pull the viewer into the show and essay house, meet people’s curiosity and gossip, some reality shows utilize sensationalism, such as sex, horror, and violence, others use a large cash. Episode , Genre , Lost 448 Words | 3 Pages. Reality TV Essay Writing Today, modern television cannot be imagined without all the reality shows . Several years . ago people used to watch soap operas and thesis, this was the main entertainment for those staying at home in the evening. The Doll House Play. Nowadays, I think, soap operas are completely replaced with the reality shows . So, this phenomenon would be really interesting to investigate in your reality TV essays. Do not forget to define the type of essays and social problem, your reality TV essay. The content of essays on reality TV will. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Reality television 1260 Words | 4 Pages.

Reality shows , why do we like them so much? I started thinking about this question, and then I though about how many I actually . The Doll House Play. had watched. Reality shows has become a big trend in our society today. People can become famous for almost anything, and a lot of people seem to how to world hunger, think that being in a reality show is the biggest thing that can happen in life. I think all of us have though about being famous at some point in our life. How nice it would feel to be that athlete, singer or actor that everyone. America's Next Top Model , An American Family , Big Brother 1542 Words | 5 Pages. Reality Television In the the doll house play, past few years, television has been dominated by so called reality television . shows . It is essays on sociology and social problem nearly impossible to flip through the over the doll, channels and not see one of these shows . Reality television has been around since the 1940's, but since the brave term, premiere of Survivor in 2000, the over house, popularity of reality shows has exploded. Since thisexplosion in 2000, reality shows have become extreme and collected on sociology and social problem, bizarre. I am personally not a fan of essay over play, these shows and I don't watch much t.v., but there.

Candid Camera , Flavor of Love , Hidden camera 1453 Words | 4 Pages. Reality TV is the new mantra of essays, television producers and channel executives. It is the means to increase TRP ratings and the end is always to . outdo the other channels and the ‘similar-but-tweaked-here-and-there’ shows churned out by the competition. So fierce is the essay the doll, competition in thesis this segment that every channel boasts of at least two to house, three reality shows . Some of them are inherited legally from abroad, (mostly and always from the USA – the new world, Godmother of reality television) or some are cheap copies. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Big Brother 1156 Words | 3 Pages. ? Reality Shows “Competition improves things, burning away the dross and leaving the gold. This often works with commodities . like cars but not with mass culture. There competition corrupts” (Will 290), George F. Will, a Pulitzer Prize-winning political columnist make an avowal to reality shows . The varieties of television programs nowadays almost cover everything in our lives, and Americans seem particularly obsessed with the prosperous TV genre called “ Reality Shows .” This type of shows aims to. America's Next Top Model , Hidden camera , Reality television 1096 Words | 4 Pages. “I do like reality shows , and essay over the doll play, I watch some of them because they’re high drama.

Its also just fun to watch people have honest . reactions” Lisa Kudrov . People love reality shows for its drama, its entertaining to them. Americans spend 1/3 of their free time watching television and of that 67% are reality shows . This means that more than half of America watches reality shows . Reality television is a genre of television programming that documents unscripted situations and actual occurrences, and. America's Next Top Model , Big Brother , Product placement 825 Words | 3 Pages. What Reality TV Tells Us about collected and social problem, American Culture Reality TV (RTV) and essay the doll house, tabloid journalism have often been compared . to each other. Writing Style. (Hill 80) Are both bringing out the worst in essay over house play American culture or and they merely an example of what American culture is all about, holding a mirror up to the audience? Western culture in bullying research general and the doll, American culture in christmas spirit particular has always been fascinated by two things in regards to what fascinates and intrigues their interests and over play, holds their attention. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Docudrama 1707 Words | 5 Pages.

consider other types of collected on sociology and social problem, television shows , like talk shows for example, the popularity of reality TV isn’t all that . surprising. It seems that people simply enjoy watching other people perform various activities. Television networks realize this; therefore the number of reality shows has grown considerably in the last few years. Unfortunately, this type of programming has turned into something more than harmless entertainment. Reality television shows do not depict true reality because they are scripted, they. Film , Game show , Reality television 975 Words | 3 Pages. almost sure to find a reality show on some channel or the other. Essay Over The Doll House Play. Chances are that you have watched at california, least one of these . shows and have taken a fancy to following the minutiae of the contestants’ lives as they unfold on over the doll the small screen right in front of your eyes. What is it about these shows in which they take ordinary people like you and me, put them on termanation TV, and expose every aspect of over the doll house play, their lives?

How is it, that by simply exposing a person’s life, producers of such shows are earning millions. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Product placement 549 Words | 3 Pages. What is a Reality Show ? A television reality show features talent culled from the ranks of . 'ordinary' people, not professionally trained actors. Reality show producers typically shoot hundreds of hours of footage per episode and use creative editing to create a narrative thread. Collected Essays And Social. Subjects of a reality show may be given some rudimentary directions offscreen, but the point is to allow the essay over play, performers to act and react as normally as possible.

A reality show is not to be confused with a documentary, in. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , MTV 2728 Words | 7 Pages. Influence of Reality Shows on Youth. the reality show was introduced. Cyber Bullying Paper. A good entrance and the audiences love it. From a reality show of . singing, acting, modelling ,sports, magic, and essay over the doll house, etc to paper, even parenting, audiences from all walks of over the doll play, life enjoys it.

Reality show is well understood as a television programme that feature real people doing real things. Some can be hilarious, some can even make the audiences cry and some can make the audience go wild . Reality shows are very well accepted all over the world. Brave New World Vs 1984 Paper. Thousands of reality shows. Drawn Together , Jamie Chung , MTV 913 Words | 3 Pages. Reality TV Shows General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To inform my listeners that there are many Reality . TV shows . Central Idea: There are many Reality TV shows and they are popular. The Doll. INTRODUCTION I. Attention Material A. Research Paper. Have anyone in here watched a Reality TV show or has heard of over the doll, one? II. Orienting Material A. Reality TV shows are very popular and are watched all over collected, the world. B. Today, we are going to talk about Reality TV shows . Essay The Doll. (Transition: Let’s begin.

American Idol , Big Brother , MTV 526 Words | 3 Pages. Reality Shows should be Banned? The main essence of reality shows is to put ordinary people in a . social confined setting with extraordinary environment and writing style, activities with the aim of house play, entertaining audiences with the writing style, illusion that what is going on is not scripted nor rehearsed. Most reality shows attempt to convince the essay over play, audience that the participants of the show are being pushed to their physical, emotional or physiological limits in order to vs 1984 paper, complete a specific task or attain a certain goal of. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Big Brother 1042 Words | 3 Pages. Effect of over the doll house play, Reality Shows on problem Youngsters. Research Proposal on Effect of Reality Shows on Youngsters EXECUTIVE SUMMARY:- Being a BBA student I have to undergo . research for essay the doll house play, 30 days.

The research conducted will be exploratory in nature. The survey will be conducted to know the effect of reality shows on cyber bullying paper youngsters in general. This research proposal analyses the case study on reality television shows and the doll house play, its behavior that affects trends and patterns in youngsters life style and the right viewers exercise in writing showing reaction has they. America's Next Top Model , Reality television , Scientific method 411 Words | 3 Pages. The Effect of house, Reality Television Shows. forpeople to watch these TV shows at anytime and at any place.Because of this newly increased accessibility, the pressure to create fresh, . attention-grabbing content by bullying research television show creators is house ever so apparent. Christmas Essay. Reality shows in particular require creators to seriously weigh the consequences of viewing certain content due to the significant amounts of viewers. Essay House. However, reality television appears to be more of a bad influence than good on its audience. Reality TV shows have a quite long history.

American Idol , An American Family , Reality television 2032 Words | 5 Pages. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The report analyses the case study (The tribe has spoken: networks, marketers and viewers still love reality TV) on . reality television shows . It identifies that the popularity of these shows among networks and marketers are due to monetary opportunities and brand awareness. These shows have psychological, social, cultural and personal effects on consumer behaviour has they learn and relate to the contestants situations and problems. New World Vs 1984 Term Paper. This behaviour affects trends and patterns. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Big Brother 1063 Words | 4 Pages. Reality television has been around since television began in the 1940s. There were versions of radio shows that transitioned to . television shows based on reality . Realistic situations involving unscripted actors and paid hosts transitioned quite easily from radio to essay the doll house, the television set. The genre was not fundamental to the advent of television, in other words.

Some of the original shows to collected essays on sociology and social problem, debut on television as reality television were Candid Camera, Beat the essay the doll house, Clock, Truth or Consequences. American Broadcasting Company , American Idol , An American Family 1091 Words | 3 Pages. ? HISTORY OF REALITY SHOWS 1940s-1950s Precedents for television that portrayed people in essay . unscripted situations began in the late 1940s. Over. Queen for a Day (1945-1964) was an early example of reality -based television. The 1946 television game show Cash and Carry sometimes featured contestants performing stunts. Debuting in 1948, Allen Funt's hidden camera Candid Camera show (based on his previous 1947 radio show , Candid Microphone) broadcast unsuspecting ordinary people. America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Big Brother 1975 Words | 5 Pages. ?Leonella Ponte Dr. Cook English 112 10 March 2014 Reality Shows and Its Influence in Youth Television programming has . changed dramatically over the past decades. Situation comedies, family dramas, and collected on sociology problem, crime shows have given a way to a number of reality programs such as Jersey Shore, Teen Mom, and essay the doll, the Real World.

These television programs have taken all kinds of spirit, attitudes and behaviors. Essay Over The Doll Play. But the most important and worrying thing is that the predominant behavior in this kind of television programs. America's Next Top Model , MTV , Reality television 2298 Words | 6 Pages. Questionnaire: Television and christmas spirit essay, Reality Shows. QUESTIONNAIRE Topic: Reality shows on Indian television We, the students are . conducting survey on reality shows and would like to know your perception about reality shows . Essay House Play. 1 Are you avid viewer of bullying paper, Reality show ? o Yes o No o Can’t say 2. Which Reality show do you prefer to watch? o Big Boss o Master Chef o KBC o Comedy Circus o Others . America's Next Top Model , Big Brother , Male 327 Words | 4 Pages. Flavor of Love reality show has a negative impact on our society. Through out the entire show females who are . Over. contestant, to gain the love of the bachelor flavor they would do obnoxious things such as drinking, fighting and arguing. It has become very influential to the point where it is addictive.

Viewers have become hypnotize and want to imitate and copy what they see in this program. Reality television has become a big part of our society today. People should not watch Flavor of love show because. Flavor of Love , I Love New York , Reality television 905 Words | 3 Pages. Effects of Reality Shows on Society. EFFCTS OF REALITY SHOWS ON SOCIETY Dissertation submitted in spirit partial fulfillment of the award of the . Essay Over The Doll House. Degree of thesis, Master of Business Administration in Mamp;E (2011 – 2013) By NEENA MALVIYA 112516026 Manipal University Bangalore Campus Bangalore December 2012 EFFCTS OF REALITY SHOWS ON SOCIETY Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the award of the Degree of Master of Business Administration in Media and Entertainment By NEENA MALVIYA . America's Next Top Model , Reality television , Television 772 Words | 4 Pages. The Effect of Reality Television Shows. Reality TV shows are cheap to play, produce and how to, pay off with big ratings, often being among the week's most-watched programs. They're . also a hot button for play, culture critics, who wonder about the value of these shows each time another one with a batch of hot-tempered and scantily clad people hits the screen. Believe it or not, some of research paper, these programs contain valuable lessons in the doll house trust, fairness and parental termanation paper california, on-the-job success. Other People Are Reading The Effect of Reality Television Shows Cons of Reality TV . America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Ice Road Truckers 722 Words | 3 Pages.

Should reality shows have regulations. Should Reality Shows Have Regulations I feel that anything that can be watched by our children during Prime Time Hours should be . regulated. I watched a show “Housewives of Atlanta” and essay house, I was outdone with the termanation paper, antics, of course I know that sometimes things get out of house, hand. It was chaotic, and it causes our young people to think that these actions are valid because they get mega bucks to do this. When these shows are developed, it’s with the hope that they will be successful, and the show will soar.

America's Next Top Model , Product placement , Reality television 959 Words | 3 Pages. Another Reality Tv Show or a Reality Check? is a growing trend towards reality TV shows that are based on external shallow values. With the bullying paper, appeal of junk food, it has a . Essay Over The Doll House Play. powerful hypnotic effect even on the strongest minds. But while reality TV may seem like a harmless form of entertainment, the damage (which is done so subtly) is very powerful and therefore it deserves a closer look. Paper. So the over house, question is 'Do we really need another reality TV show or perhaps it's time for a reality check?' The popularity of brave, reality TV shouldn't come as a surprise. America's Next Top Model , Integrity , Product placement 1042 Words | 3 Pages. Reality Shows: Their Effect on American Teens. Reality Shows : Their Effect on American Teens Martha Wallace ENG 122: English Composition II Professor Kathy Conner August 8, . 2011 Reality Shows : Their Effect on American Teens The values of our forefathers for America have disappeared. Each year more and more of American children are judging themselves based upon house, the lives portrayed in and social popular media. Certain media in the music industry portrays the over, life of getting rich fast and having a lot of girls.

Movies depict a life of fast cars. America's Next Top Model , Bravo , Family values 2461 Words | 6 Pages. be true? It takes two special people to world hunger essay, connect with their mind and physical attraction. This is over the doll house exactly what was happening in the television series The . Bachelorette. Bullying Research Paper. It is a competitive reality television show drama that started first season in January 2003.

Now The Bachelorette show is over house play one of the christmas spirit, popular shows on American television where the single female is looking to find a true love and future husband among 25 bachelors. The lucky man, who will receive the essay over the doll house play, final rose, will have an cyber paper opportunity. Chris Harrison , Love , Marriage 1676 Words | 4 Pages. ‘Keeping up with the Kardashians’ is an American reality show based on the lives of the Kardashian / Jenner family. The . Essay House Play. show mainly focuses on the daily lives of Kourtney, Kim and Khloe Kardashian. The Kardashian / Jenner family has turned out to be so famous that they’ve almost turned into a brand name, from shows , to modeling, to clothing line and brave new world paper, also make up. Reality show is a genre of TV show that aims to be both real and entertaining.

The show involves filing of the actions and behaviors of. Bruce Jenner , Keeping Up with the Kardashians , Kim Kardashian 624 Words | 2 Pages. Reality and truth are both so hackneyed in a commonplace manner with over-lapping ideas that they each lose their own individuality. . Reality is the doll house a subjective value that reflects what characterizes our world, whether it is brave vs 1984 term paper our individual world or the world as a whole, and its conditions. Oliver Sacks' The Mind's Eye: What the Blind See and over the doll play, Tim O'Brien's How to Tell a True War Story bring the relationship of truth and new world term paper, reality into question. O'Brien openly uses the thin line between truth and reality. Blindness , English-language films , Heavy metal music 1204 Words | 3 Pages. Millions of Americas are entertained by watching television. The latest crazy trend right now is the reality shows like Courtv, . Judge Judy, Divorce Court just to name a few. Law and Order seems to portray the realness of a courtroom. This paper is essay over house play going to discuss the legal system as the courts handle it, we will take a look at fictional portrayals and an actual court case that occurred. Brave New World Vs 1984 Term Paper. The purpose being to ascertain the difference between the house play, two if there is any.

First of all when Law and Order. Bench , Common law , Court 1065 Words | 3 Pages. REALITY SHOWS gave a new face to how to world, Indian Television. They started with very few but reached to a number which was not . expected and essay the doll house play, today they have a new standard. There are different types of parental paper, reality shows some real and fiction. In this report there is mention of start of reality shows and how these shows have changed over over the doll house play, the years. Also topic of various types of reality shows be it real or imitated. Vs 1984 Term. There is also inclusion of how there is lack of innovation in our shows as most of the.

America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Big Brother 5893 Words | 17 Pages. Truman Show and Allegory of the Cave Reality essay. fact reality and the truth of the the doll play, world around us. Plato in writing thesis his ‘Allegory of the Cave’ contends that the world of the senses is a world of . delusion; and essay, a correct philosopher must see through this illusion to the truth. Socrates stated when defending his right to theorize, that an unexamined life is not worth living, stating the position of writing style thesis, trying to gain a true concept of reality and the world around oneself. This significant theoretical belief is apparent in the 1998 film ‘The Truman Show .’ In. Existence , MTV , Product placement 1201 Words | 3 Pages. Reality shows had become a huge success in essay over the doll our society, we have a great variety of them, and we can choose which one we want to new world vs 1984, . The Doll Play. see according to collected on sociology problem, our age, or in which one of those realities we feel more connected.

Seeing the huge impact that this new way of doing television has in me and the society I decided to focus my research on this topic. Before I started my research, I was thinking that this might not be easy to house play, investigate, because some people might think this could be a superficial topic. America's Next Top Model , Product placement , Reality television 752 Words | 2 Pages. popular reality television show gets about 7 million cell phone text messages each episode. At Rs 4 per writing style, SMS, that adds up to essay house, Rs . 28 million per episode. Over a year (52 weeks), that is an astounding Rs 1,460 million. On a 50:50 split between the channel and the mobile operator, that works out to Rs 730 million to the channel.

All that money from just one reality show . To get the SMSs in, they will motivate, inspire, incite, instigate and also lure you. All you people who vote/SMS for reality shows. Big Brother , Indian Idol , Mobile network operator 1207 Words | 4 Pages. go into the making of a prime time so-called reality show . Channels, through daily soaps, preach morals and values with full . Christmas. vigour. But these same channels have allegedly scripted reality shows lapped up with vulgar and over the doll play, objectionable content. Style. Good Morning. I am _______ of class XII here before you to express my views on something that has become a topic of discussion among all of us… Reality Shows . Firstly, what is a reality show ?? Reality shows are a television programming genre that presents. American Idol , Big Brother , Endemol 674 Words | 2 Pages. Reality television (also known as reality shows ) is a television programming genre that presents unscripted . Essay The Doll. situations, documents actual events and how to world, usually features unknowns instead of professional actors.

Such shows usually have various standard tropes, including frequent interviews with participants that double as the show's narration, and sometimes an emphasis on drama and personal conflict. Competition-based reality shows , a notable subset, often have additional common elements such as one participant. Big Brother , Documentary film , Hidden camera 398 Words | 2 Pages. The Popularity of over play, Reality Shows Among Young People. television is not reality , it is style thesis just a mere spectacle. REALITY SHOWS The reality television . House Play. phenomenon did not come to our television screens suddenly. Christmas Spirit. It has been developing for almost sixty years. The start of including ordinary people in television began with a show called “Candid camera” in 1948, and since then the idea of documenting different people and house, their lives grew bigger and bigger. The actual start of reality television, which became the matrix for all future reality shows , dates back to.

America's Next Top Model , American Idol , Big Brother 1492 Words | 4 Pages. Reality shows has grown in popularity for several years and it will never slow down because of the excitement and attention it . Christmas Spirit. brings to the viewers. A reality show is based upon essay over play, many things that go on in a daily life such as romance, drama, friendship, hate and etc. Being on a reality show may look fun but it’s a lot of hard work. Reality shows bring a lot of attention and the companies are making a lot of money for it because of the viewers. * Reality shows are bad, lazy and violence television. America's Next Top Model , Bunim/Murray Productions , English-language films 620 Words | 2 Pages. “Is Reality an Illusion?” What if I told you that we are all striving to be successful in a reality that doesn't exist? What if . Research. I told you that everything you actually believed in, the nature, your family, your friends, and your life are just created by play you? Have you ever thought that everything you have experienced up to now might be just a dream?

Everything is just in the mind. It was summer vacation and I was just lying on my bed. Termanation Paper California. I had nothing to do so I thought of a lot of things. An idea. Cognition , Mind , Morpheus 1947 Words | 5 Pages. Reality Shows In china: A Road to the doll play, a More Democratic China or Not? In 2005 up to 400 million viewers, nearly a third of the . population of China sat to watch the grand finale of The Chinese version of American Idol Supergirl Idol. The winner Li Yuchan was chosen via text messages receiving 3.5 million votes. Brave. Apart from voting through new age technology ,the 2005 finale also was covered by over house over 100 newspapers with series of articles and the website sina.com alone received 2.4 million comments on the. Ai Weiwei , China , Han Chinese 4527 Words | 11 Pages. ?More Than One Reality By: Ethan Caldwell Reality is kind of like a memory.

Everyone has their own different ideas of what . it should be but none are necessarily the essays on sociology and social problem, truth. For example two people who were both in the great depression could have totally different thoughts on the difficult times. While one could have lived on essay over the doll house the streets struggling every day to find food and water, the christmas spirit, other could have been among the few rich people and essay the doll house play, lived in essays on sociology luxury. Both of over the doll house play, them would have very different memories. Human , Ontology , Question 1244 Words | 5 Pages. Every Reality Is a Fiction, the Player. Every reality is a fiction Our world consists of many realties. Two being commercial, and the other, artistic.

A commercial . reality is style one limiting risk, and the doll play, predictability, always aiming to suit those who yearn for it. Artistic reality however, breaks rules, and spirit, has social merit. This means there are many possible outcomes. One could be saddened or depressed by the reality , and others, joyful. It is because of this uncertainty in artistic realities that the film industry, as well as many other. Cinema of the essay, United States , Classical Hollywood cinema , Film 951 Words | 3 Pages. truth? Is it reality , sincerity, integrity? Is it accuracy and honesty? How can we tell the spirit, difference between the truth and lies?

Why does the over the doll house play, . Essay. media have the power to decide for us what is true? As Oscar Wilde once said 'The truth is rarely pure and essay the doll house, never simple'. Style Thesis. This statement sums up the difficulties of telling the truth, and this is furthermore shown in Rob Sitch et al's Frontline, Lies by Michael Leunig and essay over the doll play, the poem Nothing to Report by May Herschel Clarke. The television show Frontline follows. A Story , Episode , Michael Leunig 1595 Words | 5 Pages. Two of the behaviors that I noticed most, are prejudice and stereotyping. It was the cause of termanation, where all the events eradicated from. These behaviors are . viewed as thoughts and feelings that almost everyone has felt more than once.

This movie shows us the essay over, different point of christmas, view of over the doll house, people in our society; it gives us an insight of the stereotypes that have built within our society and bullying research paper, within the essay over, world. Spirit Essay. It invites us to see and understand how such a small stereotype and over the doll, negative attitude can go. Concept , Culture , Ludacris 1004 Words | 3 Pages. Advantages and Disadvantages of essays, Reality Shows. If you have been watching too many channels of late, then chances are that you will be tired of over, seeing orchestrated shows with nothing new. Solve Hunger Essay. . Reality shows are a lot different.

It will actually be a refreshing change where you can relate it to essay, your own lifestyle. No makeovers, no silly settings…everything real almost. If you thought that reality shows have all been made as the events uncovered, then you are mistaken. Some channels will fake that too and pass it off as real. But nevertheless they can.

America's Next Top Model , Dance music , Emotion 661 Words | 2 Pages. Fantasy faces Reality Joyce’s short story “Araby” shows us the moment of awakening from fantasy by a boy’s one-side love story. . we sometimes experience when we continue to work on ourselves, understand that if something is causing regret, anger, unhappiness or and writing style thesis, other “negative” emotion, we are, by house definition, experiencing an thesis illusion. The Doll House. We will experience the illusions we still think are real. We will do so because we have made the unreal to brave new world term, real, and the best way to understand that what we see. Dubliners , Emotion , Human 1096 Words | 3 Pages.

can one determine what is actually true from what only seems to be true? Throughout the play, the essay over house play, theme of appearance versus reality is . constant. This theme is parental termanation california played out essay from the beginning, with Claudius' attempt to conceal his secret intentions; Gertrude and Ophelia masking their own truths, and finally Hamlet, who assumes the role of a madman in order to uncover the reality behind his appearance. Various characters try to cyber paper, cover their secret intentions with a veneer of a whole other person. One.

Characters in essay over the doll play Hamlet , Gertrude , Ghost 837 Words | 3 Pages. Reality is what you want it to be. Reality is collected essays and social a term that is used loosely, but comes in many different variations. There has . never been or never will be one way to interpret reality , as it is built up of beliefs and values which vary from person to person. The true nature of reality is merely an essay over the doll illusion; it is the universe which exists in christmas spirit essay the mind. George Orwell develops this idea in the novel 1984 as he suggests that the true nature of reality is not defined by its validity but an over outcome of. 2002 albums , George Orwell , Idea 1130 Words | 3 Pages. The Definition of Reality The quote which Christof made in how to essay the movie “The Truman Show ” depicts the narrow-mindedness of the . human brain the inability to search for the truth. Humans get used to the idea of a particular habit of living, which disables them from reaching the ultimate truth. Therefore, reality is the achievement of the questioning of the world around us to find the perfect truth which should be accepted, to live without the conflict that our world presents itself with.

In numerous. Conceptions of God , Critical thinking , Human 944 Words | 3 Pages. The Development of Illusion and essay over the doll house play, Reality in Tithe. Development of Illusion and parental termanation paper california, Reality in Tithe Every person in this world has their own reality . Just the same, everyone’s . reality may differ from one another. What may seem an illusion to one person, may be the reality of over the doll house, someone who has a mental illness.

Either way, it is all about perception and what we believe to be an illusion versus what we believe to be reality . An illusion does not represent actuality rather; it is something that has been invented by the human mind. Reality is something that people. Character , Fairy , Fiction 1122 Words | 3 Pages. Cosmopolis: a World of Subjective Reality. ordered universe with one objective reality . This novel asserts that reality is vs 1984 term instead subjective, and as human beings while we . Over The Doll House. all experience the same one world ,but we each perceive this experience differently, and therefore we all live in different worlds.

In this paper using quotes from Cosmopolis, I will explain how Don DeLillo uses dialogue and the actions of collected essays on sociology problem, characters to construct his argument for subjective reality , and how his theory of subjective reality relates to the real world. Before. Don DeLillo , Human , Mind 2120 Words | 5 Pages. The Best Overall Picture of Reality. Best Overall Picture of Reality Questions in life may not have a definite final answer. This is essay over the doll house play exactly what the study of Philosophy poses. . New World Vs 1984 Paper. Thinkers have existed since the days of Socrates trying to answer the most difficult questions in essay the doll house life. Some of parental paper california, these questions do not follow a certain criteria for there to house play, be one correct answer.

These types of questions may be opinion based until the end of brave new world term, time. Essay Over The Doll House Play. One of these questions is what is the best overall picture of reality ? It is the world hunger, metaphysical. Earth , Metaphysics , Mind 1755 Words | 4 Pages. The Reality of Reality TV “Re-al-i-ty, noun, the essay over play, state or quality of being real.” ( Reality - Definition and . More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary. ) Reality television has been an style important component of essay over play, our culture since Candid Camera in 1948. Bullying Research. The drama, excitement, anxiousness, competition, and celebrities who have come out of Reality TV are what keeps viewers watching. The positive and negative opinions of critics and the controversies generated are countless, as well as the number. American Idol , MTV , Product placement 1219 Words | 4 Pages. We are entities living in an illusory reality most people label as real. Which is real and which is an illusion is in the doll house play every individual's . discretion.

What we perceive as real may not be perceived by another as real. New World Vs 1984 Paper. So what is real, really? Does seeing something, smelling something, hearing something, being able to essay play, taste something, or being able to touch something, make that something real? How can we define real? How can we define illusion? Is real always bound by virtue of the speed of. Biology , Illusion , Mind 570 Words | 3 Pages.

In Azar Nafisi’s “Selections from Reading Lolita in research paper Tehran”, Nafisi and her students, rather than denying the essay over, reality that they live in, . created a world alternate from termanation paper california their reality . In their physical world the government has stripped them of their individualism. They were unable to act or do as individuals would, thus they went to the book club as a way to escape reality . It gave them insight into a world they could not experience. Over The Doll House Play. Literature becomes their color in their bleak world of black and. Azar Nafisi , Earth , Fiction 1752 Words | 5 Pages. Reality Shows - Should It Be Banned? can separate reality from illusion. Essay. - Author Unknown The Oxford dictionary defines the essay play, word ‘ reality ’ as a quality of essays, being . real; something real and essay the doll, not imaginary. When that aforementioned word is collected essays on sociology and social put together with the word ‘ show ’, you will get the product of a formulaic genre that is a simulation of real life. So the real question here still stands, should reality television be banned for over house, general viewers? Let’s start off with the favorable points. Intrinsically, reality shows are pure entertainment.

American Idol , Bunim/Murray Productions , Reality 592 Words | 2 Pages. Hamlet Theme of Appearance vs. Reality. appearance and reality in cyber research paper his book-Hamlet. The dilemma of what is real is established at the very beginning of the the doll play, play.

Hamlet doesn't know . what to believe and devises a plan to find out. The old king Hamlet appears to be bitten by a snake, but in reality he was poisoned, the ghost appears as an apparition, but it's actually real, and the play-with-in-a-play strongly depicts the theme of appearance vs. How To Hunger Essay. reality . The dead King appears to have been bitten by a snake. In reality , he has been.

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30 Business Buzzwords You Should Stop Using. Buzzwords are terms that become popular for a relatively short period of the doll house play, time. These words are just as prevalent in cyber bullying paper, the business community as they are anywhere else. But if you’re going to use buzzwords, you have to know when to stop. Over The Doll House Play! These terms can become overused, outdate or cliche. And at that point, using them can only be detrimental to your business. This term is brave vs 1984, often used to convey elements that work together to create a total effect. However, it’s been so overused in the business community that it has lost much of its meaning and just comes across as filler.

When used to describe website elements like meta tags, this term has it’s place. Essay Over! But when used as a self-referential term to essay, convey abstraction, meta has overstayed its welcome. For years, people have used this term to reference creative thinking. But in business, most issues require some level of creativity. So using this term is cliche and often just unnecessary. When something is a game changer, that usually means it is something that can significantly change an industry or business. But it’s another overused buzzword that doesn’t have the same impact it used to.

This term is often used to describe a person who is recognized as an authority in a particular field. But it doesn’t hold as much weight as it once did. An actual job title or some credentials can mean a lot more than applying this general term to anyone who has an opinion about an industry. This is another overused term to describe someone thought to be an “expert.” The issue is over house play, that it doesn’t come with any tangible credentials. Anyone can call themselves a guru without actually earning the title.

And many do. In business, everything you do should be well thought out and part of an overall plan. So calling something “strategic” shouldn’t even be necessary. It should be a given. Used to describe cooperative competition, this term can be confusing for christmas a few reasons. But the main reason you should shy away from this term is that these relationships often don’t turn out to be so cooperative. There are certain benefits you might get from working with other businesses in the doll house play, your field, but relying on writing them could be a mistake. In baseball, if a pitch is in over the doll, a batter’s wheelhouse, that means it’s right where the batter wants it. It’s part of the batter’s specialty, or what he or she can very easily handle. It’s used in a similar sense for businesses.

But it has been around for a long time and has become a bit cliche. Organic growth describes how a business expands through methods that don’t include mergers and acquisition. On Sociology And Social! There are so many different ways for over play businesses to grow organically. And every business should experience this type of cyber bullying research paper, growth. So labeling it as such isn’t normally necessary. This term describes the ability to influence. Essay Over The Doll! It has specific applications when it comes to christmas spirit essay, finance and operations, but it has definitely been overused.

A true visionary is someone who can plan or think about the future with creativity. But in business, it’s often used to describe anyone who has any ideas outside the mainstream. So it doesn’t hold as much meaning as it once did. This term describes marketing techniques that involve low-cost, innovative strategies. It’s a relatively new term, but has definitely gained traction in the startup community. Essay House Play! However, it’s not very specific, so it doesn’t paint a clear picture of the methods being utilized.

These days, it seems that every company is getting content to go viral, or at least trying to. But the term is overused and doesn’t give any specifics. If you want to impress people with the termanation, viral nature of the doll play, your content, you’re better off using actual numbers. The blogosphere is a fancy word for hunger essay every blog online or in a particular niche. Essay Over The Doll House! But putting all of these online publications into termanation paper a box doesn’t do your company, clients or audience any favors. Get more specific if you want actual results. This also applies to other generational terms, like GenX or GenY.

Lumping everyone in essay over house play, a particular generation together isn’t helpful. Get more specific with your targets if you want to writing style, be successful. The Doll Play! To innovate is to come up with a truly unique solution to thesis, a problem. It’s important in business, but it isn’t as effective as it once was, due mainly to house, overuse. A disruptive business or innovation is one that has the potential to completely change an industry or field. It is often applied to businesses or technologies early, and how to solve thus isn’t always entirely accurate. This refers to the ways new employees learn the the doll house play, skills and information required to succeed in a company. Essays Problem! It isn’t very specific, and over the doll play thus isn’t entirely helpful when describing these practices. This term is often used to describe the important or laborious tasks required to run a business.

It’s a cliche and it doesn’t go into specifics about the actual work required. In business, vertical is a term used to describe a niche within an industry. But it’s not more specific or time saving, so using it can come across as showy or even confusing. This is a claim some businesses make, usually about themselves. It can come across as pretentious or even delusional. And there are better ways to solve world, boast your products or services than by using dog show comparisons. Many in the business world use this term to express the desire to get started on over house play something right away. But offering a specific timeline is less cliche and usually more helpful. Directionally accurate is often used as a fancy way of writing style thesis, saying that something is essay, true without offering any numbers to how to hunger essay, back it up. If you want to prove a point or trend, use actual facts and statistics instead. This has become an incredibly popular term in the business community.

It is supposed to mean a person who has influence in a particular niche or area. But it doesn’t actually describe what the person does or why they are supposed to have influence. Essay House! This term describes a set of data that is too large or complex to be processed using traditional methods. How To Hunger Essay! But it’s too broad to be meaningful in many circumstances. Pivot is often used to describe a change in practice or focus. But it is usually more helpful to just be direct and essay house describe the change or mistake. Collected On Sociology And Social Problem! This is another term that is used to describe a change in business practices. But it has been incredibly overused and can come across as an attempt to cover up a mistake with fancy language.

Pre-revenue is often used to describe the benefits certain startups present even before they’re at the stage where they’re making a profit. House! But some businesses tend to use it for too long. Most businesses exist to make money, after all. This is a term you should stop using simply because it should be a given. When talking about your business, everything you discuss should have an impact on parental termanation the future. Essay Over! So you don’t really need to specify that. Would be far more useful to on sociology and social problem, both IDENTIFY cliched, overused and pretentious words or terns, and to SUGGEST ALTERNATIVES, since many of these cliches describe processes or attributes which are very important to articulate. Essay Over The Doll House Play! Hi Adrian, some of the descriptions do contain suggestions for how to better articulate these points.

However, for christmas spirit essay a lot of them the point is that they just aren#8217;t specific enough, so there#8217;s not just one word or phrase that you can sub in for it. Essay The Doll House! For example, instead of saying something is #8220;directionally accurate#8221; the brave term, post suggests actually using some numbers or statistics to prove the over house play, point. For others, we have run posts in the past with some words and phrases that we think can be helpful: http://smallbiztrends.com/2015/02/business-terms-impress-your-clients.html. Style! Thanks for the addition! The point could be made that all buzz words should be used less. The key indicator for me is when buzz words are used instead of more descriptive words that carry actual meaning.

Yes, that is the point for a lot of over the doll house, these. A lot of times it seems like these are used in place of actual facts or data. Really nice way of california, putting it. I guess I am also committing some of these mistakes. Over The Doll House! I have to parental termanation california, say that some keywords are because of claims that a business is the best at what they are doing and over play is completely natural if they don#8217;t have enough time to think more about thesis their campaign. I think we have all used a lot of these at some point. And some of them do have practical value. But a lot of times they just become overused and can sound cheesy or salesy so they don#8217;t carry the essay over the doll house, same meaning they once did. And yes, using natural language can often be a lot more effective.

As soon as I hear someone using buzzwords, I know I#8217;m listening to writing style thesis, someone who has no idea what they#8217;re talking about. Essay The Doll House! I think some of them can be useful in collected essays and social, the right situation. But for the most part they are either non-specific or overused, so using more natural language is almost always better. I found this interesting and certainly worth taking into consideration when I am writing blogs, being a newbie I need to essay the doll, listen to everyone advice and filter out what I believe will be beneficial. Everyone has an opinion. Thanks. Job Growth Among Small Businesses Continues to solve world, Stagnate, Wages Continue to essay over play, Climb Slowly. Founded in 2003, Small Business Trends is an award-winning online publication for small business owners, entrepreneurs and the people who interact with them. It is one of the most popular independent small business publications on the web.

Together with hundreds of paper california, expert contributors, Small Business Trends brings you the news, advice and resources you need. Small business success. delivered daily. Copyright 2003 - 2017, Small Business Trends LLC. All rights reserved. Small Business Trends is over play, a registered trademark.

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The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a Post-Copyright World. (See also other available formats for the English, such as EPUB, Daisy, PDF, etc.) There is one group of people not shocked by the record industry's policy of suing randomly chosen file sharers: historians of copyright. They already know what everyone else is slowly finding out: that copyright was never primarily about paying artists for essay play, their work, and that far from being designed to support creators, copyright was designed by and for distributors — that is, publishers, which today includes record companies. But now that the vs 1984 term paper Internet has given us a world without distribution costs, it no longer makes any sense to restrict sharing in order to pay for essay over the doll house play, centralized distribution. Abandoning copyright is now not only possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and thesis aesthetically.

In place of corporate gatekeepers determining what can and can't be distributed, a much finer-grained filtering process would allow works to over, spread based on their merit alone. We would see a return to an older and richer cosmology of essays on sociology problem creativity, one in the doll house, which copying and borrowing openly from others' works is simply a normal part of the creative process, a way of acknowledging one's sources and of improving on what has come before. And the essay old canard that artists need copyright to essay house, earn a living would be revealed as the writing style pretense it has always been. None of essay over the doll this will happen, however, if the industry has its way. For three centuries, the publishing industry has been working very hard to obscure copyright's true origins, and to promote the myth that it was invented by writers and how to solve artists. Even today, they continue to campaign for ever stronger laws against sharing, for international treaties that compel all nations to over the doll play, conform to cyber bullying, the copyright policies of the strictest, and most of all to make sure the public never asks exactly who this system is meant to help. The reward for these efforts can be seen in essay the doll house, the public's reaction to the file-sharing lawsuits. While most people agree that this time the industry went too far, the termanation error is mainly treated as one of degree — as if the record companies had a valid point, but had merely resorted to excessive force in making it. To read the true history of copyright is to understand just how completely this reaction plays into the industry's hands. Essay Over The Doll! The record companies don't really care whether they win or lose these lawsuits. In the writing thesis long run, they don't even expect to eliminate file sharing.

What they're fighting for is much bigger. They're fighting to maintain a state of house mind, an attitude toward creative work that says someone ought to own products of the parental paper mind, and control who can copy them. Over Play! And by cyber research paper positioning the essay over house issue as a contest between the Beleaguered Artist, who supposedly needs copyright to pay the rent, and The Unthinking Masses, who would rather copy a song or a story off the Internet than pay a fair price, the industry has been astonishingly successful. Writing Thesis! They have managed to essay over, substitute the loaded terms piracy and theft for the more accurate copying — as if there were no difference between stealing your bicycle (now you have no bicycle) and copying your song (now we both have it). Most importantly, industry propaganda has made it a commonplace belief that copyright is style, how most creators earn a living — that without copyright, the engines of intellectual production would grind to a halt, and artists would have neither means nor motivation to produce new works. Yet a close look at history shows that copyright has never been a major factor in allowing creativity to flourish. Copyright is an outgrowth of the essay over the doll house privatization of government censorship in how to solve world essay, sixteenth-century England.

There was no uprising of authors suddenly demanding the right to prevent other people from copying their works; far from viewing copying as theft, authors generally regarded it as flattery. The bulk of creative work has always depended, then and now, on a diversity of funding sources: commissions, teaching jobs, grants or stipends, patronage, etc. The introduction of copyright did not change this situation. What it did was allow a particular business model — mass pressings with centralized distribution — to make a few lucky works available to a wider audience, at considerable profit to the distributors. The arrival of the Internet, with its instantaneous, costless sharing, has made that business model obsolete — not just obsolete, but an essay over the doll, obstacle to the very benefits copyright was alleged to bring society in the first place. Prohibiting people from freely sharing information serves no one's interests but the publishers'.

Although the cyber industry would like us to believe that prohibiting sharing is somehow related to enabling artists to make a living, their claim does not stand up to even mild scrutiny. For the vast majority of essay the doll house artists, copyright brings no economic benefits. True, there are a few stars — some quite talented — whose works are backed by the industry; these receive the lion's share of distribution investment, and generate a correspondingly greater profit, which is shared with the collected essays on sociology problem artist on better than usual terms because the artist's negotiating position is stronger. Not coincidentally, these stars are who the over the doll play industry always holds up as examples of the benefits of copyright. But to treat this small group as representative would be to confuse marketing with reality.

Most artists' lives look nothing like theirs, and never will, under the bullying paper current spoils system. That is essay over the doll house play, why the stereotype of the impoverished artist remains alive and well after three hundred years. The publishing industry's campaign to preserve copyright is waged out of pure self-interest, but it forces on us a clear choice. We can watch as most of our cultural heritage is stuffed into a vending machine and sold back to us dollar by dollar — or we can reexamine the copyright myth and find an alternative. The first copyright law was a censorship law. It was not about protecting the rights of authors, or encouraging them to produce new works. Authors' rights were in little danger in sixteenth-century England, and the recent arrival of the printing press (the world's first copying machine) was if anything energizing to on sociology and social problem, writers. Essay Over Play! So energizing, in fact, that the English government grew concerned about too many works being produced, not too few. The new technology was making seditious reading material widely available for the first time, and the government urgently needed to control the style flood of printed matter, censorship being as legitimate an administrative function then as building roads. The method the government chose was to establish a guild of over house private-sector censors, the London Company of Stationers, whose profits would depend on how well they performed their function. Christmas! The Stationers were granted a royal monopoly over all printing in England, old works as well as new, in return for keeping a strict eye on what was printed.

Their charter gave them not only house exclusive right to print, but also the on sociology right to essay the doll play, search out and cyber paper confiscate unauthorized presses and books, and even to essay, burn illegally printed books. No book could be printed until it was entered in the company's Register, and essays on sociology problem no work could be added to the Register until it had passed the over the doll house crown's censor, or had been self-censored by the Stationers. The Company of collected essays and social problem Stationers became, in effect, the government's private, for-profit information police force [1]. The system was quite openly designed to serve booksellers and the government, not authors. New books were entered in the Company's Register under a Company member's name, not the author's name. By convention, the essay member who registered the entry held the copyright, the solve hunger essay exclusive right to publish that book, over essay the doll play other members of the Company, and the Company's Court of Assistants resolved infringement disputes [2]. This was not simply the latest manifestation of some pre-existing form of copyright. It's not as though authors had formerly had copyrights, which were now to be taken away and given to the Stationers. How To World! The Stationers' right was a new right, though one based on a long tradition of granting monopolies to essay over the doll house play, guilds as a means of research paper control. Essay The Doll! Before this moment, copyright — that is, a privately held, generic right to prevent others from copying — did not exist.

People routinely printed works they admired when they had the chance, an activity which is responsible for the survival of writing style thesis many of those works to the present day. Essay House Play! One could, of on sociology problem course, be enjoined from essay house play, distributing a specific document because of thesis its potentially libelous effect, or because it was a private communication, or because the essay house government considered it dangerous and cyber bullying research seditious. But these reasons are about public safety or damage to reputation, not about property ownership. There had also been, in some cases, special privileges (then called patents) allowing exclusive printing of certain types of house books. But until the Company of Stationers, there had not been a blanket injunction against collected and social, printing in general, nor a conception of copyright as a legal property that could be owned by a private party.

For about a century and a third, this partnership worked well for the government and for the Stationers. The Stationers profited from their monopoly, and through the Stationers, the essay the doll house government exercised control over the spread of information. Around the end of the seventeenth century, however, owing to larger political changes, the government relaxed its censorship policies, and allowed the Stationers' monopoly to expire. This meant that printing would return to its former anarchical state, and was of course a direct economic threat to the members of the Company of Stationers, accustomed as they were to having exclusive license to manufacture books. Dissolution of the monopoly might have been good news for long-suppressed authors and independent printers, but it spelled disaster for the Stationers, and paper they quickly crafted a strategy to retain their position in the newly liberal political climate.

The Stationers based their strategy on essay over the doll play a crucial realization, one that has stayed with publishing conglomerates ever since: authors do not have the means to distribute their own works. Writing a book requires only pen, paper, and time. But distributing a book requires printing presses, transportation networks, and writing thesis an up-front investment in materials and essay play typesetting. Thus, the Stationers reasoned, people who write would always need a publisher's cooperation to make their work generally available. Their strategy used this fact to maximum advantage. They went before Parliament and offered the then-novel argument that authors had a natural and style inherent right of essay the doll house play ownership in what they wrote, and that furthermore, such ownership could be transferred to other parties by writing style contract, like any other form of property. Their argument succeeded in essay house, persuading Parliament. The Stationers had managed to avoid the odium of censorship, as the new copyrights would originate with the author, but they knew that authors would have little choice but to sign those rights back over to a publisher for distribution.

There was some judicial and political wrangling over the details, but in the end both halves of the Stationers' argument survived essentially intact, and became part of English statutory law. The first recognizably modern copyright, the world hunger essay Statute of Anne, was passed in essay over house, 1709 and spirit took effect in 1710. The Statute of Anne is often held up by champions of copyright as the moment when authors were finally given the protection they had long deserved. Essay The Doll Play! Even today, it continues to writing, be referenced both in legal arguments and in press releases from the publishing industry. But to interpret it as an the doll play, authors' victory flies in the face of thesis both common sense and historical fact [3]. Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to suddenly demand the rather paradoxical power to prevent the essay the doll house play spread of their own works, and did not do so. Christmas Essay! The only people threatened by the dissolution of the Stationers' monopoly were the Stationers themselves, and essay over the doll play the Statute of Anne was the direct result of their lobbying and brave new world vs 1984 term campaigning. In the memorable words of the contemporary Lord Camden, the essay house Stationers . came up to Parliament in the form of petitioners, with tears in their eyes, hopeless and forlorn; they brought with them their wives and children to cyber bullying, excite compassion, and the doll house play induce Parliament to how to solve hunger essay, grant them a statutory security. [4] To make their argument more palatable, they had proposed that copyright would originate with the author, as a form of property that could be sold to anyone — anticipating, correctly, that it would most often be sold to a printer.

This proposal was a shrewd tactical move, because one of Parliament's concerns was to prevent the re-establishment of a centralized monopoly in the book trade, with its attendant potential for the doll, a renewal of essays censorship by the crown. Benjamin Kaplan, professor of law emeritus at essay play, Harvard University and a respected copyright scholar, describes the Stationers position succinctly: . The stationers made the brave vs 1984 term paper case that they could not produce the essay house play fragile commodities called books, and thus encourage learned men to write them, without protection against piracy. There is an apparent tracing of rights to an ultimate source in the fact of how to world hunger essay authorship, but before attaching large importance to this we have to note that if printing as a trade was not to be put back into the hands of a few as subject of monopoly — if the statute was indeed to essay the doll house, be a kind of universal patent — a [legal] draftsman would naturally be led to express himself in terms of rights in books and hence to initial rights in authors. A draftsman would anyway be aware that rights would usually pass immediately to publishers by parental termanation paper assignment, that is, by over house play purchase of the manuscripts as in the past. . I think it nearer the truth to writing style, say that publishers saw the tactical advantage of putting forward authors' interests together with their own, and this tactic produced some effect on the tone of the statute.[5] The Statute of Anne, taken in historical context, is the smoking gun of copyright law. In it we can see the entire apparatus of modern copyright, but in house, still-undisguised form. There is the solve hunger essay notion of copyright as property, yet the property is really intended for essay over play, publishers, not authors. There is the notion of collected problem benefitting society, by encouraging people to write books, but no evidence was offered to show that they would not write books without copyright. Rather, the Stationers' argument was that publishers could not afford to print books without protection from competition, and over the doll house furthermore that printers could not be depended to reproduce works faithfully if given unfettered freedom to print. Style! The corollary, they implied, was that without the prospect of reliable distribution, authors would produce fewer new works.

Their argument was not unreasonable, given the technology of the time. Making a perfect copy of a printed work required access to the original press and compositor, anyway; if reliable reproduction were to be encouraged, then a single-holder copyright system had a certain logic to it. And the essay the doll publishers would now be effectively forced to pay authors in return for exclusive printing rights (although in essays on sociology and social problem, fact the Stationers had sometimes payed authors even before, simply to guarantee the completion and the doll house delivery of a work). The authors who succeeded in selling this new right to printers had no particular motivation to parental paper california, complain — and naturally, we don't hear very much about the authors not so favored. The consolidation of over play author's copyright probably contributed to the decline of patronage as a source of income for writers [6], and even allowed some authors, though always a small minority, to support themselves solely from the royalties their publishers shared with them. The fact that a given copyright could only be held by one party at a time also helped prevent the proliferation of divergent variations, a problem that had vexed authors perhaps even more than plagiarism, as there was no easy method by which they could endorse or disclaim particular variations. But the overall historical record is clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators. This is the bullying research paper secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is admitted, the true purpose of subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. Essay Over! The Statute of collected and social Anne was just the beginning.

Having granted the premise that copyrights should exist at all, the English government found themselves under pressure to over the doll, extend copyright terms further and further. In the long legal saga that ensued, what's important is not the particular sequence of laws and verdicts, but the spirit essay identity of the plaintiffs: they were just the sort of stable, settled business interests capable of essay over play sustaining litigation and lobbying over a period of decades — that is, they were publishers, not authors. They had proposed the author's copyright out of economic interest, and only after the crutch of a censorship-based monopoly had been taken away from them. When it became clear that the tactic worked, they lobbied to strengthen copyright. And this is cyber research paper, still the pattern today. Whenever the over U.S. Congress extends copyright terms or powers, it is the result of pressure from the publishing industry. The lobbyists will sometimes trot out a superstar author or musician as an termanation paper california, exhibit, a human face for essay house play, what is essentially an writing, industry effort, but it's always quite clear what's really going on. Over House Play! All you have to do is look at who's paying the lawyer's and lobbyists' bills, and whose names appear in the court dockets — publishers'.

The industry's centuries-long campaign for strong copyright law is not merely a reflexive land grab, however. It's a natural economic response to california, technological circumstances. The effect of the printing press, and later of analog sound recording technology, was to make creative works inseparable from their means of distribution. Authors needed publishers the way electricity needs wires. The only the doll play economically viable method of reaching readers (or listeners) was the bulk print run: to manufacture thousands of identical copies at parental paper california, once, then physically ship them to various points of distribution. Before agreeing to such an investment, any publisher would naturally prefer to buy or lease the copyright from the author, and just as naturally would lobby the government for the strongest possible copyright powers, the better to protect their investment. There is nothing inherently exploitative about this; it's just straightforward economics. From a business point of view, a print run is a daunting and risky project. It involves the high up-front costs of a physical medium (be it dead tree pulp, magnetic tape, vinyl platters, or pitted optical discs), plus complicated, expensive machinery to over the doll play, imprint the content onto the medium.

There's also the unseen investment of vetting the master copy: because a flawed master can reduce the value of the bullying entire run, publishers and authors go to considerable trouble to generate a polished, error-free version of the work before printing. There is little room for an incremental or evolutionary process here; the work must be brought to near-perfection before the public ever sees it. If any mistakes are overlooked, they will have to be tolerated in the finished product, at least until the process is started again for the next print run. The Doll House! The publisher must also negotiate prices and line up distribution paths, which is not only solve a matter of house play bookkeeping, but of physical expenses, of trucks and bullying research trains and house shipping containers. Finally, as if all this weren't enough, the solve hunger publisher is compelled to spend even more money on marketing and publicity, to have a better chance of at least recovering all these outlays.

When one realizes that all this must happen before the over house play work has generated a penny of paper revenue, it is house play, little wonder that publishers argue hard for copyright. Style Thesis! The publisher's initial investment — that is, their risk — in over house, any individual work is greater, in economic terms, than the author's. Authors by themselves might have no inherent desire to control copying, but publishers do. And in a world filled with publishers' royalty-supported marketing departments, authors, of course, need publishers all the more. Style Thesis! The concentration of distribution revenues results, inevitably, in the familiar logic of an arms race. The arrival of the Internet fundamentally changed this equation. It has become cliche to over house play, say that the Internet is as revolutionary a development as the printing press, and it is.

But it is christmas spirit essay, revolutionary in a different way. The printing press may have made it possible to turn one book into a thousand books, but those books still had to travel from the essay over the doll house play press into the hands of readers. Physical books were not only the medium in which the content was consumed, they were also the medium in how to hunger essay, which it was transported to over, the consumer. Thus, a publisher's total expense was proportional to the number of copies distributed. In such a situation, it is reasonable to ask that each user bear a portion of the costs of distribution. Collected Essays And Social Problem! Each user is, after all, more or less responsible for essay over the doll house play, her particular quantum of expense. If the book (or record) is in her hands, it must have gotten there somehow, which in bullying paper, turn means someone spent money to get it there. Essay Over The Doll! Divide those expenses by christmas spirit the number of copies, add in some amount for profit, and you arrive, roughly speaking, at the book's price. But today, the medium over which content is distributed can be unrelated to essay over house, the medium in which it is collected essays on sociology problem, ultimately consumed. The data can be sent over essay house play a wire, at essentially no cost, and term paper the user can print up a copy at essay over house, her own expense, and at style thesis, whatever quality she can afford, on the other end [7].

Furthermore, it is no longer important to possess the master; in the doll play, fact, the concept of the master copy itself is obsolete. New World! To make a perfect copy of a printed work is actually quite hard, although making a corrupt or abridged copy is very easy. Meanwhile, to make a perfect copy of a digital work is trivially easy — it's making an over the doll play, imperfect copy that requires extra effort. Thus the practice of charging the same fee for each copy, regardless of how many copies there are or who made them, is now unjustifiable. Essays And Social Problem! The cost of producing and distributing the work is now essentially fixed, no longer proportional to the number of copies.

From society's point of view, every dollar spent beyond the amount needed (if any) to bring the work into existence in the first place is over, a waste, an impediment to the work's ability to bullying, spread on its own merits. The Internet did something the Company of Stationers never anticipated: it made their argument a testable hypothesis. Essay The Doll House Play! Would creators still create, without centralized publishers to brave new world, distribute their works? Even minimal exposure to the Internet is enough to provide the answer: of course they will. They already are.

Computer users are comfortable downloading music and making CDs at essay house play, home, and, slowly but inevitably, musicians are getting comfortable releasing tracks for free downloading [8]. Many short works of both fiction and non-fiction are already available online. How To World Essay! Printing and binding entire books on essay the doll house demand is rarer, but only because the equipment to do it is still somewhat expensive. That equipment is getting steadily cheaper, however, and it's only a matter of time before the copy shop down the street has it. There is no fundamental difference between music and text, from a distribution point of view. As printing and binding technology gets cheaper, authors will see more and bullying more clearly that they have the same alternative musicians do, and the result will be the same: more and more material available without restriction, by the choice of the author. Some might argue that authors are different, that they are more dependent on essay the doll copyright than musicians. After all, a musician expects to bullying, perform, and can therefore gain indirectly by releasing recordings for free — greater exposure leads to more performances. Essay Over The Doll House! But authors don't perform; they reach their audience only through their works, not in person. Brave New World! If they now had to come up with ways to fund themselves without imposing an artificial scarcity on their works, could they do it?

Imagine the simplest scenario: you walk into the neighborhood print shop and essay over the doll play tell the clerk the Web address of the book you want. A couple of minutes later, the clerk comes back with a freshly printed, hardbound book, straight off the Internet. He rings up the sale. That'll be eight dollars. Would you like to add the one dollar author's suggested donation? Do you say yes? Perhaps you do, perhaps not — but note that when museums charge a voluntary admission fee, people often pay it.

The same sort of dynamic is at writing style, work in the copy shop. Essay Over House Play! Most people are happy to pay a tiny extra bit on top of some larger amount, if they have their wallet out already and think it's for style thesis, a good reason. When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in the mail, etc) than the the doll money. But even if only half, or fewer, of all readers were to make such donations, authors would still earn more than they do under traditional royalty schemes, and furthermore would have the pleasure of cyber bullying finally being the readers' ally in distribution, instead of over the doll their enemy. This is not the only possible system, and it can easily coexist with others. Those not convinced by voluntary donations should consider another method: the Fund and Release system (also called the Threshold Pledge system [9]). This system is designed to solve the writing style classic problem of distributed funding, which is that each contributor wants reassurance that others are also contributing, before putting in her own money.

Under fund-and-release, the hopeful creator of a new work states up front how much money will be required to essay play, produce it — this is the parental termanation california threshold. An intermediary organization then collects pledges, in essay the doll house play, any amounts, from the general public. When the total amount pledged reaches the threshhold (or exceeds it by some standard percentage, to account for bookkeeping and assumption of risk), the intermediary signs a contract with the brave new world vs 1984 term paper creator, and the pledges are called in. Only at this stage, when there is enough money to achieve the desired result, is anyone asked to actually pay up. The intermediary holds the money in escrow, paying the creator according to over the doll play, whatever schedule they negotiated. The last of the money is paid when the work is how to world hunger, completed and made publically available, not just to the contributors, but to the entire world.

If the creator doesn't produce, the essay over the doll house intermediary returns the money to the donors. The fund-and-release system has some interesting properties not found in the monopolistic, copyright-based marketplace. The resultant work is available to everyone in the world, free of brave charge. Yet the author was also paid enough to produce the house work; if she needed more, she would have asked for more and seen if the market would bear it. Those who did choose to pay paid only as much as they were comfortable with, no more.

And finally, there was no risk for the contributors — if the threshold is never reached, then no one pays anything. Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. Vs 1984 Term! A couple of years ago, the essay over house established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from Bulgari jewelry to how to solve world essay, write a novel that featured Bulgari products prominently. She did so, titling the book The Bulgari Connection. The book was originally intended as a limited edition to be given away at a corporate function, but having written it, Weldon took it to a publisher for general release.

Does this mean that in the future we'll have to scrutinize all creative works for signs of hidden corporate sponsorship? Perhaps, but this is nothing new — product placement was invented in the context of traditional copyright, and has flourished there, as it probably would anywhere. Copyright is over house, neither the cause of corporate sponsorship nor its antidote. To look to the publishing industry as a force for decommercialization would be weirdly out of touch indeed. These are just a few examples of ways to style, support creative work without copyright. There are many other methods [10]; there were many even before the Internet made convenient, direct micropayments possible. Whether a given artist uses this or that particular scheme doesn't matter. The important thing is that with little or no friction to impede the over the doll play payment of tiny amounts, authors will find ways to writing, make such payments happen on the scale they need.

Those economists who are enamoured of markets as a solution to essay play, everything should be in love with the possibilities here (but, predictably, many are not, because they hate to see anything become depropertized). To see a glimpse of the future, it may be most helpful to look not at termanation paper, net-savvy musicians, but at software. The flourishing Free Software movement is probably the best example we have today of a post-copyright world. Free software (some also call it Open Source) is the brainchild of Richard Stallman, a programmer who had the idea of releasing software under a deliberately reversed copyright. Instead of essay over the doll prohibiting sharing, the software's license explicitly permits and encourages it. A number of others soon caught on to his idea, and because they were able to share and modify each other's programs without limit, they quickly produced a large body of working code.

Some predicted that this initial success would quickly level off as the software increased in size and complexity and required centralized, hierarchical organizations to maintain. But instead of foundering, the Free Software movement has grown so quickly that even its own participants are surprised, and it shows no signs of stopping. It now produces software whose functionality rivals that available in the proprietary market. Free software is widely used by paper banks, corporations, and governments, as well as individual computer users. Essay Over! More web sites run the free Apache web server than run all other web servers combined. Free operating systems are now the fastest-growing segment of the christmas essay operating system market. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to essay house, those who use the parental california software, and some of those users are willing to pay for it), others volunteer their time. Each software project has its own reasons for existing, and each programmer their own reasons for contributing. Essay House Play! But the style thesis cumulative effect is a direct flaunting of copyright's entire justification: a thriving community of intellectual production now exists without enforcing copyrights, yet achieves substantially the same results as its mainstream counterpart.

According to essay house play, the traditional justification of copyright, this shouldn't be happening. The software is essentially in the public domain; its copyright serves mainly to parental paper, identify the original authors, and in over house play, some cases to prevent anyone else from essay, imposing a stricter license. The authors have given up every exclusive right except the right to be identified as the authors. They have voluntarily returned to over the doll, a world before copyright law: they enforce no royalties, and have no control over the distribution and modification of essays on sociology their works. The software's license gives everyone automatic permission both to use and to redistribute it. You can simply start handing out copies, there's no need to notify anyone or ask permission. The Doll! If you want to modify it, you're free to bullying, do that too. You can even sell it, though naturally it's difficult to charge much, since you'd be competing with others handing out the same goods at no cost. A more common model is to house, encourage people to download the software for free, and paper california instead sell services such as technical support, training, and customization. These models are not fantasies, they are the basis for profitable businesses that exist right now, paying real programmers competitive salaries to work on free software. But the over the doll play point is not that people are paid to do it — some are, but many more are not, and yet write it anyway.

The real point is that a tremendous amount of free software is produced and maintained every year, at a rate that grows quickly even by how to essay the standards of the software industry. If this phenomenon were isolated to software, it would be explainable as an aberration — software is different, programmers are overpaid, and so on. But it's not just software; if you look carefully, there are signs of it happening everywhere. Musicians are starting to release their tracks online for free downloading, and the quantity of freely available writing on the Internet — starting with reference and non-fiction works, but now including fiction and poetry — long ago passed the point of measurability. Essay Over Play! Software is not fundamentally different from these other forms of information.

Like poems, songs, books, and movies, it can be transmitted digitally. It can be copied in whole or in part; it can be excerpted for termanation paper, use in other works; it can be modified and edited; it can even be satirized. The abandonment of copyright is farthest along in software mainly because programmers were among the first groups to the doll, have Internet access, not because of anything special about the nature of software. New World Vs 1984 Term Paper! Gradually, creators in other areas are realizing that they too can disseminate their works without publishers or centralized distribution chains, by simply allowing the freedom to copy. And increasingly, they are choosing to do so, because they have little to lose, and because it's the the doll house play easiest way for their work to find its way to on sociology and social problem, an appreciative audience. Far from being especially dependent on copyright law, creators gain the most by abandoning the copyright monopoly. Even in their early stages, these trends raise an obvious question.

If copyright is the doll play, not really needed to stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. We just finished building ourselves a gigantic copying machine (the Internet) that doubles as a communications device, and incidentally makes it convenient to transfer small amounts of money between people. Sharing is now the most natural thing in the world. The idea that artists are somehow harmed by it is demonstrated false every day, by the thousands of new works that appear online, credited and fully acknowledged by their authors, yet free for the taking.

If someone were to argue that creativity would soon dry up unless we immediately institute a system of strict controls over who can copy what, we could reasonably look on them as insane. Yet, in slightly more diplomatic language, this is essentially the argument used by the copyright lobby to press for ever stronger laws. Creativity is not what's at stake here, and in vs 1984 term, its more honest moments the essay over the doll play publishing industry even tacitly admits this. Although for public relations purposes industry leaders make token declarations about the need for poor artists to earn a living, their most detailed and compelling statements are usually about the business effects of copyright. Larry Kenswil of bullying research Universal Music Group, the world's largest record company, was quoted in the New York Times of Jan. 5th, 2003, in an article about digital copy protection schemes, saying You're not buying music, you're buying a key. Essay Over The Doll House! That's what digital rights management does: it enables business models. It's hard to imagine a more succinct statement of the industry credo. He might as well have said That's what copyright does: it enables business models. Unfortunately, not all of the propaganda put out by style the industry is as straightforward and honest as Kenswil's.

The Recording Industry Association of America, for example, explains copyright this way on their web site at http://www.riaa.org/: You don't need to be a lawyer to be a musician, but you do need to know one legal term — copyright. To all creative artists — poets, painters, novelists, dancers, directors, actors, musicians, singers, and songwriters — the essay over the doll house play term matters dearly. To all artists, copyright is more than a term of intellectual property law that prohibits the new world term paper unauthorized duplication, performance or distribution of a creative work. To them, copyright means the chance to essay the doll house play, hone their craft, experiment, create, and thrive. It is a vital right, and over the centuries artists have fought to preserve that right; artists such as John Milton, William Hogarth, Mark Twain, and Charles Dickens.

Twain traveled to England to protect his rights, and Dickens came to America to do the same. Recognize that? It's a page straight out parental paper, of the Stationers' playbook — an essay play, undisguised retelling of the copyright myth, complete with references to individual authors, designed to arouse our support for struggling artists valiantly fighting for their artistic integrity. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in all creative artists as far as the RIAA is concerned. Cyber Paper! Professor Patterson's comments, about the Stationers' similar use of authors as a foil in the doll play, front of the eighteenth century English parliament, are equally applicable today: They [the Stationers] did so by arguments intended to elicit sympathy for writing, the author (conveniently ignoring their role in creating the poor plight of the essay over the doll house play author that they bemoaned) and avoided sound logic and reason. [11]. The next paragraph in the RIAA's introduction to paper california, copyright is essay over the doll play, even worse. It's a brief — very brief — introduction to the origins of copyright law, heavy with the cadence of historical inevitability, but rather loose with the facts: Copyright law all started with the style The Statute of over house Anne, the world's first copyright law passed by the British Parliament in 1709. Yet the principle of protecting the rights of artists predates this. Parental Paper California! It may sound like dry history at essay over house, first blush, but since there was precedent to establish and rights to protect, much time, effort, and money has been spent in legal battles over the centuries. This breathless summary is the copyright equivalent of Christopher Columbus sailed to collected essays on sociology problem, America to prove the Earth was round and make friends with the essay over the doll play Indians.

Yes, much money has indeed been spent in legal battles, but the RIAA is careful not to say who spent it, nor are any further details given about the principle of protecting the rights of artists that is alleged to predate these developments. The rest of their page continues in a similar vein, with so many omissions, mischaracterizations, and outright lies that it's hard to imagine how anyone doing even a modicum of writing style research could have written it. It is, basically, low-grade supporting propaganda in their ongoing campaign to convince the public that copyright is as fundamental to civilization as the laws of thermodynamics. The RIAA also indulges in one of the favorite tactics of the modern copyright lobby: equating illegal copying with the unrelated, and much more serious, offense of plagiarism. For example, Hilary Rosen, the (now former) head of the RIAA, used to speak at schools and colleges, urging the students to adopt the industry's views about information ownership. House Play! Here is her own description of how she presents the case: Analogies are what really work best. I ask them, What have you done last week?

They may say they wrote a paper on how to solve hunger this or that. So I tell them, Oh, you wrote a paper, and the doll house play you got an A? Would it bother you if somebody could just take that paper and christmas spirit get an A too? Would that bug you? So this sense of personal investment does ring true with people. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an A? Of course, the students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by over the doll house play that at all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to hear. The RIAA is extreme only in the clumsiness of collected on sociology their propaganda.

Their message is, in essence, the same one offered by over the doll play the rest of the copyright industry, which maintains a constant drumbeat of warnings that online content swapping will deprive creators of their reputations and their ability to world hunger essay, work, despite overwhelming evidence that copyright never provided them with much of a livelihood anyway, and that they would happily continue to create without it as long as they have a way to distribute their works. The campaign might sound harmless or silly when described as I have described it here, but because they are fighting for survival, with large budgets and skilled publicity departments, the publishers have succeeded in shaping public opinion to a surprising degree. Consider this poor woman, from the International Herald Tribune of Sep. 11th, 2003, in an article about the RIAA file-sharing lawsuits: One woman who has received a subpoena from the recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to give her name because of her legal situation. He said: 'I wouldn't care. That would be awesome.' They're still just in that young age where money doesn't matter. The mother said she had better results when she compared taking someone's song to plagiarizing a school paper. (One can only hope the sensible 13-year-old manages to essay over the doll play, keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.)

The combination of a still-sympathetic public and deep pockets has unfortunately allowed the copyright industry to exercise dangerous influence at the legislative level. The result is a disturbing trend: mutually reinforcing physical and how to hunger essay legal barriers that, while ostensibly designed to combat illegal copying, have the essay the doll inevitable effect of interfering with all copying. Solve World Hunger Essay! Digital copy-protection schemes are increasingly enforced by your computer's hardware itself, rather than by malleable and replaceable programs. And the same companies that own content often also manufacture the hardware that makes distribution possible. Essay Over! Have you bought a computer from Sony? What about a CD from Sony's music division? That's the same company, and its left hand knows what its right hand is doing. Termanation California! With government cooperation, this combination becomes even more powerful. In the United States we now have a law — the Digital Millennium Copyright Act — that makes it illegal to circumvent a digital protection scheme, or even to produce software that helps others circumvent a digital protection scheme.

Unfortunately, since much hardware and software automatically imprints such schemes on over house play any media it produces, the Act effectively stifles authorized copying and many other activities that would otherwise fall into the category of fair use under current copyright law. It is vital to understand that these side effects are not accidents, not unexpected consequences of an otherwise well-intentioned effort to writing style, protect artists. Rather, they are an integral part of a strategy that, at bottom, has nothing to do with encouraging creativity. The purpose of this three-pronged industry effort — the publicity campaign, the essay over the doll house legal campaign, and the hardware protections — is simply this: to prevent the Internet experiment from being carried out to completion. Any organization that is deeply invested in the concept of copy control cannot be pleased to see a system arise that makes copying as easy as clicking a mouse. Thesis! To the extent possible, such organizations would like to see the same pay-per-copy model that we've been using for centuries continue, even though the fundamental physics of information have changed to make pay-per-copy obsolete.

Although the copyright lobby succeeds in getting new laws passed, and even in winning some court cases, these victories rest on a disintegrating foundation. How much longer will the public continue to play, believe in brave vs 1984 paper, the copyright myth, the notion that copyright was invented to make creative work possible? The myth has been maintainable so far because it always had a tiny a grain of truth: although copyright was not inspired by house authors, and was not enacted to christmas spirit, protect them, it did enable the widespread distribution of many original works. Furthermore, there are still many publishers (generally the smaller or individually-owned ones) who behave with an admirable sense of cultural stewardship, subsidizing unprofitable but important works with money earned by stronger sellers, sometimes even losing money outright in order to print things they think worthwhile. But because they are all bound by the economics of large-scale printing, they are all ultimately dependent on copyright. There won't be a dramatic battle between the publishing industry and the copying public, with a climax, a denouement, and a clear winner striding out of the dust. Instead, what we will see — are already seeing — is the emergence of two parallel streams of creative work: the proprietary stream, and the free stream. Essay Over The Doll Play! Every day, more people join the free stream, of their own volition, for all sorts of spirit essay reasons. Some enjoy the fact that there are no gatekeepers, no artificial barriers. A work can succeed by over the doll house its merits and word of mouth alone: although there's nothing to stop traditional marketing techniques from being used in the free stream, there's less to subsidize them, so word of mouth and spirit peer-review networks are taking on a greater importance there.

Others enter the free stream as crossovers from the proprietary, releasing a portion of their work into the free domain as an advertisement or an experiment. Some simply realize that they have no chance of the doll house success in the proprietary world anyway, and figure they might as well release what they have to world hunger, the public. As the stream of freely available material gets bigger, its stigma will slowly vanish. It used to be that the difference between a published author and essay over the doll house an unpublished one was that you could obtain the former's books, but not the how to solve world essay latter's. Essay The Doll House! Being published meant something.

It had an aura of respectability; it implied that someone had judged your work and given it an institutional stamp of approval. But now the difference between published and unpublished is narrowing. Soon, being published will mean nothing more than that an editor somewhere found your work worthy of a large-scale print run, and possibly a marketing campaign. Cyber Research! This may affect the popularity of the work, but it won't fundamentally affect its availability; and there will be so many unpublished but worthwhile works, that the lack of a publishing pedigree will no longer be considered an essay the doll, automatic strike against an author. Although the free stream does not use traditional copyright, it does observe, and unofficially enforce, a credit right. Works are frequently copied and excerpted with attribution — but attempts to solve hunger essay, steal credit are usually detected speedily, and decried publicly. The same mechanisms that make copying easy make plagiarism very difficult. It's hard to secretly use someone else's work when a Google search can quickly locate the original. For example, teachers now routinely do Google searches on representative phrases when they suspect plagiarism in student papers. The proprietary stream cannot survive forever, in the face of such competition.

The abolition of copyright law is optional; the real force here is creators freely choosing to release their works for unrestricted copying, because it's in their interests to do so. At some point, it will be obvious that all the interesting stuff is going on in the free stream, and people will simply cease dipping into the proprietary one. Copyright law may remain on the books formally, but it will fade away in practice, atrophied from over house play, disuse. Or, we can sit back and allow this process to be halted, by permitting manufacturers to build in hardware protections that interfere with our ability to copy legitimately; by brave allowing the over play copyright lobby to capture our legislatures, to parental, the point where we are constantly looking over our shoulders for the copyright police; and by hesitating to use the free stream to its full potential, because we've been taught a false story of what copyright is essay over house play, all about. We can, if we choose, have a world where concepts like out of print or rare book are not only thesis obsolete, but actually meaningless.

We can live in a fertile and essay the doll house play vibrant garden of constantly evolving works, created by people who wanted deeply to make them available, not mandated by a publisher's market research. Schools would never be forced to stay with out-of-date textbooks because of the per-copy prices set by publishers, and your computer would always let you share songs with your friends. One way to get there is to question the copyright myth. Copying isn't theft, and brave paper it isn't piracy. It's what we did for millennia until the invention of essay over the doll play copyright, and we can do it again, if we don't hobble ourselves with the antiquated remnants of a censorship system from the sixteenth century.

This article is essays and social problem, released under free copyright, and may be redistributed, excerpted, and modified without restriction. If you distribute a modified version, please adjust the play attribution accordingly. [1] These events can be read in any history of copyright. A good online resource regarding their legal implications is Copyright And `The Exclusive Right' Of Authors http://digitalcommons.law.uga.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1342context=fac_artchop Journal of Intellectual Property, Vol. 1, No.1, Fall 1993, by Professor Lyman Ray Patterson, Pope Brock Professor of collected on sociology Law at the University of Georgia and a noted copyright scholar. His description of this earliest copyright is over, concise and spirit revealing: The event in the history of essay over the doll play Anglo-American copyright that led to the shaping events of the seventeenth and parental california eighteenth centuries was the Charter of the Stationers' Company granted in 1556 by Philip and essay the doll play Mary . The Charter gave the stationers the power to make ordinances, provisions, and statutes for the governance of the art or mistery of [s]tationery, as well as the problem power to search out illegal presses and books and things with the house power of seizing, taking, or burning the foresaid books or things, or any of them printed or to be printed contrary to the form of world hunger any statute, act, or proclamation . Essay Over The Doll! The power to burn offending books was a benefit to the sovereign (a weapon against unlawful publications), and how to solve world a boon to the stationers (a weapon against essay, competition).

The book-burning power thus shows the real motivation for the Charter, to secure the allegiance of the stationers as policemen of the press for the sovereign in an uncertain world. (Note that the Company actually received its royal charter on solve world hunger essay May 4, 1557; thus one sometimes sees 1556 and other times 1557 as the date for the incorporation of the essay the doll house play Company of Stationers.) [2] An Unhurried View of Copyright, Benjamin Kaplan Columbia University Press, 1967, pp. 4-5. [3] Patterson, in [1], goes so far as to say The characterization of the statutory copyright as an author's copyright, however, is one of the great canards of history. [6] Five Hundred Years of Printing pp. 218-230, S. H. Steinberg, Penguin Books, 1955, revised 1961. [7] When I started this article, I assumed such developments were a few years away from commercial viability, but I was wrong: the print-on-demand service newspaperkiosk.com launched (note: it later apparently folded, but then came lulu.com, which is how to solve essay, still going strong). [8] See www.mp3.com, for one example. (Although many of the offerings on the site are nominally copyrighted, it's more a legal reflex than anything else. The tracks are meant to essay, be freely downloaded, listened to, and shared -- and bullying research paper that's exactly what people do with them.) [9] The original version of this article called this the Threshold Pledge system. The Doll! However, Brandt Cannici of strayform.com, who independently invented the spirit essay same system, came up with the over much better name Fund and Release , and I now try to use that term instead.

[10] For a description of one funding technique, and a survey of essay others, see The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights by John Kelsey and Bruce Schneier, at http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/673/583. [11] Patterson; see [1]. Submitted by essay the doll Anonymous (not verified) on bullying research Sat, 2006-05-27 13:24. Thanks for over the doll, this brilliant treat. Very illuminating and inspiring. I love it. I like the idea of uncovering this copyright myth. Collected Problem! Die Gedanken sind frei, as we say or sing it in German, meaning thoughts are free. Thank you very much!

Spread the word. Copyright is the nemesis of free toughts. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on essay house Sun, 2007-06-17 04:24. For me Copyright is like Sony and Microsoft anti trust companies.We can benefit from working together not against each other.Law suit in America loose some 500 billions dollar a year. On Sociology And Social Problem! Imagine how many book we could be buy with that kind of money. Most of the laws around us are for over house play, the benefit of the cyber bullying research few.I will pay gladly 15$ to over house play, an author if I have to. There's to many distributor and hunger middle man in essay play, this world. And we have to pay taxes on top of that.And the lawsuit profit not the individual but the on sociology and social problem corporation. Essay The Doll House Play! So long live the internet. Live free and prosper that my saying.

Submitted by brave new world vs 1984 term paper Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-05-22 13:41. Apart from the middle man and distributors its probably Lawyers who benefit the most from these **laws**. You can neither create, implement or enforce the copyright without them. One only house has to look at the case of RIM ( Blackberry ) in Canada who was forced to pay 600 Million to what was in essence a group of 30+ lawyers who pro bono backed a patent that was actually overthrown in paper california, court ( but not before RIM was told to pay ). This is not an isolated example where a claim jumper has been given a ridiculous patent by the patent office ( who frequently revokes them after they are challenged ) My uncle, who is play, somewhat of an economist, likes to say that lawyers are one of the very few professional groups who do not contribute to the gross national product of a country. I am not against lawyers, they are a useful bunch. But like many government employees ( which they are not ) when allowed, too many of them actively attempt to overvalue their services within the scope or measurement of a country's forward economic progress. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-06-08 12:14. I agree very much with the previous poster. How many lawsuits are brought up about copyright a year.

The millions of dollars which are thrown at law companies around the how to hunger essay world to up hold a 'companies' intellectual rights is pathetic to say the least. The only person who truely has a right to claim stack is the writer, producer artist. I qould pay my way to anyone who does work for me. If they provide a service like my electric or water company I pay them. But what do these middle men companies do? They look out for themselve and only themselve. It is time the power was taken away from the big corperations and given back to the people who really deserve to house play, be paid. Cyber Bullying Research Paper! Those who created it in essay play, the first place. Submitted by cyber bullying research Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-06-09 14:34. Today, I note that RedHat Founder Bob Young also weighed in on the copyright issue : A new open source software group has added its voice to the opposition against the Conservative government’s ( Canada )impending copyright reform bill. Lulu CEO Bob Young likens the over play legislation to banning screwdrivers because they could be used by burglars.

Young said the proposed bill will cater too heavily to the content industry and not to the engineers and software developers that are going to be most severely impacted by parental termanation paper california the new laws. The proposed anti-circumvention legislation, he said, is similar to essay house, making the use and world ownership of over the doll play screw-drivers and pliers illegal because they can be used to commit crimes such as burglary. Incidently, this entire conversation takes place within a Canadian Context. “The copyright philosophy behind the U.S. DMCA is that it’s illegal to do what software engineers do every day of the paper california week and what they’ll have to continue to do in order to build better technology for over the doll play, all companies,” Bob Young, spokesperson for the Canadian Software Innovation Alliance (CSIA) and solve world hunger essay a former founder and CEO at Red Hat Inc., said. “The biggest concern is we’re going to have law substitute for good technology.

We’re crafting these laws without having anyone from the technology industry engaged in the process.” The complete article is here itworldCanada.com. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-09-21 17:48. Responding to: I'm not sure the copyright industry uses [the term, intellectual property] deliberately to confuse people Given the way in essay over the doll house play, which the industry is definitely trying to muddy the waters by equating copyright infringement with theft, I think it is solve world hunger, reasonable to assume that they are deliberately relying on the loaded nature of the term, intellectual property, as part of the same general drive to entrench the idea into the public consciousness that copyright is a morality-based system. Why? Because the term inherently draws on the doll play existing conceptions of property in order to imply that creative works are naturally owned by their creators, who therefore have an inherent right to assert such ownership and control the parental works' distribution. The Doll Play! The term attempts to link creative works with personal and real property, the brave new world vs 1984 term paper ownership and control of which already tends to be perceived as being the product of over the doll house a natural right that results from christmas essay, its possession.

This leads us on to one of the other big things the industry never admits: while it likes to imply that creators of essay the doll house works are both the natural and legal owners of them (prior to transferring that ownership to corporations, of course), in fact neither is the case. They don't own the termanation paper california works legally because copyright law does not assign such ownership to *works*; the property that copyright law creates is the copyright itself. And they don't own the essay the doll house play works naturally because it is impossible for essays on sociology and social, *anyone* to own intangible things like songs or films or novels. If I sing you the song I just wrote I can't possibly exert any dominion over those sound waves - it's not like I can tell you to unhear the song and give them back to me - and essay house play such dominion is necessary for anything to be described as property in any meaningful sense. So not only do I think the industry is christmas spirit, deliberately using intellectual property as part of the same semantic manipulation as arguments like, copying songs is stealing music, they're also using it to create a class of essay over the doll play property that does not exist legally and cannot exist naturally.

[lightly edited by the site editors] Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2009-01-30 10:01. Thank you very much for this useful article and the comments. Cyber Bullying! I love this site as it contains good materials. if it looks like a socialist and acts like a socialist. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2009-06-02 03:22. SO if someone would be kind enough to explain to essay the doll house play, me how robbing the essays and social most successful artists (however small you'd like to imagine that demographic is. )of their copyright-afforded paychecks, in essence dragging them back down to the level of a common street performer is in over the doll play, anyway NOT tantamount to christmas spirit, wealth distribution and forced socialism? . i assume any such answers will themselves carry the same wretched stink of patchouli and idealism that the article immediately reeked of -- but i am willing to be surprised. i would also love to hear the reasons why freely-released works and essay over proprietary works can't coexist in harmony? under evil, oppressive copyright, people are still able to self-publish, to blog, to post their creations for everyone. for free, if they wish. Solve Hunger! everyone has the RIGHT to not utilize copyright. so what's the problem?

is it just good old-fashioned JEALOUSY that's given rise to the doll play, this copyright abolitionist movement? a few artists make money, where most of the talentless, indiscernible, AVERAGE masses do not? could that be why, despite the fact that the collected works of britney spears, steven spielberg, and j.k rowling have absolutely NOTHING to do with the failed, hobbyist or otherwise obscure artists, you still want to strip them of their rights? even though their considerable wealth has as much to do with you, as your considerable obscurity has to do with them? well how dare they be successful! the abolitionists say. artists shouldn't be rich! if they wanted to parental paper california, get rich they should have gone into investment banking! i have a second job to essay over, pay the bills, so should steven spielberg! if i haven't gotten rich from solve, art then OBVIOUSLY IT IS AN INJUSTICE AGAINST HUMANITY THAT ANYONE ELSE HAS! manufactured conflict, born out of jealousy. Essay Over The Doll House! check. i think most people familiar with the internet would agree -- that an equally minuscule portion of derivative works end up being worth their cost in bandwidth (let alone actually matching the quality of the creations they ripped off. err, i mean derived from). I would go so far as to say it's an EVEN SMALLER fraction in sum than those artists who actually pull in a substantive royalty check every now and again. Cyber Bullying Paper! given the essay over the doll house play rarity of style a derivative work's merit, why then should the most successful artists give up their rights in favor of an even smaller minority of derivative artists who so rarely produce anything worthwhile? by house your own socialist logic, they shouldn't. furthermore, when you state that very few artists actually make their living through copyright you of writing course completely ignore all the artists who make their living INDIRECTLY through copyright via upfront payments doled out by those companies who directly make money through copyright. and despite whatever fantasy you've convinced yourself of, that's a pretty substantive body of essay play people you are discounting and brave new world vs 1984 term paper seeking to essay the doll play, dismantle; especially when you consider the countless corollary jobs in the music and film industries who also indirectly benefit from the style thesis trickle down effect of copyright. not all content creators are created alike. some are more successful than others as some voices are more inclined to a wider appeal than others. there's room for the hobbyists and the professionals to coexist peacefully so long as they respect each other. as much as your views disgust me, i wish you luck with your creative commons endeavors and hope that one day you stop trying to prosecute those of us lucky enough do this professionally, who DO BENEFIT FROM COPYRIGHT, and who, above all else, DO NOT want to become investment bankers in order to feed our families. Re: if it looks like a socialist and house acts like a socialist. You are living in a fantasyland of termanation paper imaginary economics. Copyright doesn't pay for essay house, most creativity, and was never designed to.

Furthermore, copyright is precisely a state-granted monopoly, an essay, interference with an otherwise free market. I'm not sure socialism is a bad thing, but you seem to think it is, and copyright is much closer to it than freedom-to-copy would be. The latter would mean a truly free market, rather than the monopoly landscape we have now. Submitted by essay over the doll house Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 20:42. Yeah I get it. I understand what your saying. Sorry, I am a creative professional. I would, and will copyright my work. Writing Style! Yes I want to get paid for it. It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for.

That is what you are doing when you choose to not protect your work. You leave it open for everyone including pirates. You know I could literally take Sita Sings the Blues right now burn it on essay to DVDs, distribute it, sell it, and cyber bullying research paper heck why not claim it's mine. How do you like that? I would earn all the money and play attention from the sales and you get nothing. You wouldn't even have a legal claim. Why should anyone credit the artist who fails to copyright? Hell, not to mention why should anyone even donate when you give it to public domain? I wouldn't. I'd steal public domain and not credit the creative. Too late to change your mind now.

It's on termanation paper california the internet now. Things placed freely on the internet get distributed freely forever. Plagiarism is both easily detected and easily prosecuted. It's unrelated to the doll house, copying -- when people download songs from the Internet and share them with their friends illegally, do they remove the paper artist's name and replace it with their own? No, they don't.

Copyright isn't about credit, it's about copying. That's why it's called copyright, not creditright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-12-14 12:41. No it is not! Ever hear of P2P? It is related to copying. The Doll! I know a lot of kids who do change the style names of music around just so they are not caught with an illegal download. Also you can change your IP which make tracking thieves and pirates impossible.

Learn about the internet. Copyright is the doll, about credit and the protection of creativity that is why it's called copyright. It's people like you that make it impossible to make a living as professional creative in parental termanation paper california, this world. Essay Play! Your the reason why rates and royalties shrink. You give away something for free not only collected essays on sociology and social will everybody take it, they will expect you to give away your work for free all the time. Please quit trying to essay, supress creativity the the protection thereof. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on solve hunger Wed, 2011-03-23 06:37. We are living in essay over the doll house play, a world where bleach-blonde fashion bimbos make a good living blithering about nonessential crap on collected on sociology their free-to-access blogs, and where you can sell bottled water at a thousand times the production price with a brand name alone. Now here's a tip; Evian doesn't feel their market ended when the Soda Streamer was introduced and artists who have amassed a faithful fan base have managed to sell the same work they gave away for free in the millions. Trent Reznor alone netted a gross 5 mil in one year from the house play sale of one measly record alone, which he'd already given away to all and sundry for free.

Tiger Woods doesn't recoup the cost of living and travel from his tournaments. Parental Termanation Paper! Which doesn't prevent his every step from going ka-ching as another thousand bucks drops into play, his pocket from vs 1984, Nike and Adidas. Essay Play! Or did until he mishandled his brand. Copyright doesn't work in any reality. It's as simple as that. At least where noncommercial filesharing is concerned, most IP laws are completely incompatible with any paradigm which allows the termanation ownership of a computer or a mass media communications medium like the internet. If you want to essay over the doll house, put an end to copyright infringement your one and cyber bullying only way of doing so in any practical way is by removing the internet and computers altogether. Over The Doll! End of story. What that means is simple. To live as an essays on sociology problem, artist, find another revenue model which actually works in the real world.

If you can't manage to house play, do so simply don't quit your day job. Honestly, I've had it up to here with straw man arguments and outright lies. 99% of what we call culture was created entirely without the benefit of copyright law so your arguments have no basis in fact. What's even more laughable is that you think some small cadre of pirates (people like you, indeed, heh) are sitting around ruining your entire life and livelyhood. I'm afraid it's a bit worse than that. Human nature itself is what you're up against. I humbly submit to you that any system where enough people voluntarily will follow your paradigm on copyright is a system where theorethical communism also becomes a practical possibility. I.e. for new world vs 1984 term, all intents, a world where humanity has ceased to be recognizably human.

No, managing to live from being an artist alone isn't like a 9-to-5 office job. Essay The Doll House! It's about being outstanding in your field, much like a professional athlete. If you have that quality earning revenues through your brand will be no problem. Thesis! If you don't, find another field to essay over the doll, earn your way in. It's that simple. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-03-23 06:45. And I'll tell you something else. Socialism fails at all levels simply because it assumes that human nature can be changed.

Copyright fails because it does the same. Termanation California! Capitalism, at it's most basic level is founded on one assumption and one alone; The law of Supply and Demand . If you can obtain or manufacture a copy of anything for literally no cost at all then the monetary worth of over the doll house play said copy becomes zero as the supply is de facto infinite whereas the number of consumers with the demand for said product is limited. Copyright, in essence, shares more of old stale socialist ideals than anything else, right up to and including the view on controlled information. Essays! Which is true for almost any IP law in general. The idea that IP belongs under a capitalist system at all is nothing more than a convenient excuse thought up by special interests who were deathly afraid of essay play having to act under a market paradigm in the first place. So what you're saying is: copyright laws are causing people to strip attribution information from works. New World Vs 1984! That sounds like an argument against copyright, not for essay over, it. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-02-03 01:24. I am a creative professional. I would, and cyber bullying will copyright my work. Yes I want to get paid for it.

It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for. (ed. note: Is comment spamming now a creative profession? You did just give your creative work away for essay play, free. And then I removed the spirit essay commercial link.) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-01-03 10:55. I agree with yo, article is realy useful.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-03-26 10:59. typo in the promise of over play a post-copyright world Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-08-05 21:48. hi, just a quick comment to paper, point out a typo. in the para where you mentioon fay weldon, it reads: Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of essay play course. A couple of years ago, the established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from christmas spirit, Bulgari jewelry to write a novel that featured that featured Bulgari products prominently. note that that featured is repeated. Re: typo in the promise of a post-copyright world Thanks for pointing it out! Fixed now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-01-28 11:19.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2006-08-14 07:36. I've just recommended this article on my blog www.digitalproductions.co.uk, and added the site to my list of 'principles'. Note that the www.digitalartauction.com once reached prototype stage - this enabled a member of the audience to propose a retail price and pledge to purchase the essay the doll house work if so priced (or lower). The artist could then choose the writing retail price that maximised total revenue. A far simpler version of play this site has been created www.quidmusic.com. I'm currently working on a general purpose engine (free to use) that can support these sites and those that anyone else can think of: www.contingencymarket.com. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-06-15 11:23. It certainly sounds good in theory, any updates on progress with that model - is it commercially viable?

The Digital Art Auction has now been implemented by a company called PropagateLtd. The Contingency Market will be demonstrated by a site called 1p2U.com that lets readers pledge a penny to paper, a blogger each time they publish a new article. I expect this to happen early 2009. microPledge.com is another site worth checking out essay over the doll house play, (based on parental california the Street Performer Protocol). As to whether these things are commercially viable, time will tell. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-06-27 10:48. A misunderstanding with our domain registrar has caused Propagate Ltd to move its web site from PropagateLtd.com to LiberateIP.com. Sadly, until we can afford domain arbitration, the obsolete domain name will lead you to an ad-ware/mal-ware site run by a Russian cyber-squatter. :(

Jeffry R. Fisher. President, Propagate Digital Content, Limited. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2007-03-21 00:11. I would think that the notion of Free software as essentially public domain would come as a surprise to Richard Stallman. Without copyright, the single most important requirement in the GPL -- requiring a program's source code to over the doll, be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form -- would be unenforceable. While its true that some other Free software licenses (BSD, MIT, etc.) use copyright in the largely insignificant ways that you mention in your article, that is not true for all of them, and style certainly not for the GPL.

To point to Stallman and his Free software movement and essay the doll play say, See, these guys don't need copyright! is disingenuous at best. Re: Essentially in the public domain? guyjohnston already said exactly what I would have said. Free software (open source software) does not depend on copyright's existence in essay, any fundamental way. The fact that in an armed world everyone needs guns is not an argument in favor of guns in general! Also: not everyone would agree that the requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form is the single most important provision in the GPL. It's certainly been a controversial provision, but when I watch the dynamics of GPL'd software projects, I do not see them differing significantly from other open source (but non-GPL'd) projects. The Doll House Play! Do you, and if so how?

In an essay about copyright in general, detouring into the details of one clause of the GPL would have brought no benefit to the reader. I think that at the level of detail at how to solve essay, which I was writing, the description essentially in essay over the doll play, the public domain was both accurate and collected and social problem appropriate. Re: Essentially in essay over, the public domain? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-14 01:00. Requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form is indeed the thesis key provision in the GPL. While some may chose the over the doll house GPL over other licences for no reason other than it's popular and they don't know better, others explicitly chose the GPL in parental paper, order to restrict how the the doll software may be used.

For example, Bruno Haible chose to license libgmp uner the GPL because, in his own words, Building libgmp.a was just too hard work. Collected Essays On Sociology And Social Problem! Other people shouldn't get it for free. The GPL is actually against the stance expressed in this article. It grates to essay house play, hear Stallman described as originating open source both for that reason and because software for personal computers and its source code had been freely distributed for parental, many years before Stallman came along. Submitted by over house Anonymous (not verified) on brave new world vs 1984 term paper Sat, 2007-03-24 12:37. This is a copy of over my post about collected essays this article from Slashdot, but I think the critical commentary is worthy of cross-posting: I'm replying to this post because of this statement (the rest of the parent spends its time either misinterpreting what I said in my last post (http://politics.slashdot.org/comments.pl?sid=227979threshold=1commentsort=0mode=threadcid=18470807) or putting words in my mouth, and I think my original post speaks for itself).

The article that it's linked to is a very interesting one, it expands on the role of the Stationer's Log (which is the doll, a form of copyright protection predating the termanation california Act of Queen Anne), but it has a certain tunnel vision and spin that often appears in the extremist grass-roots anti-copyright movement, and I think that it's worth looking at over the doll play, it critically. When you'll read it, you'll find an important assertion: that authors didn't have copyright protection before, so why would they suddenly need it? This is very misleading for a couple of reasons: 1. It's a rather spurious historical argument, mainly because it's not taking the termanation paper context of society into account. In my original post, I noted that our modern society has three things - literacy as a norm, technology to reproduce art, and a focus on capitalism. The Doll! The society of the Stationer's log had a growing literacy, and the technology, but capitalism was still emerging. Brave New World Vs 1984! Creative artists made their living not through proceeds of publication, but instead through a system of patronage where a noble patron would pay the essay play artist a stipend to compose work in his/her honour. It wasn't a great system, partly because you had to tow the line your patron wanted you to, but at least it kept a roof over your head. Society is not a static system, however. By the time the christmas spirit first proper copyright act was written in 1709, a capitalist system was emerging, and by over the doll house the end of the 19th century, the patronage system was completely gone - it was now all capitalist. So, creators may not have needed a copyright system at the very beginning, but there are no wealthy patrons around today, and writing thesis an author's income is derived from play, royalties.

2. Collected Essays Problem! It is a very questionable moral argument, partly because it assumes that the situation was fair when the Stationer's Log was established, and it really wasn't. If I said that homosexuals have never had gay marriage in the past, and it didn't stop them from play, shacking up then, so why should they need it now? everybody would immediately see the injustice. The argument the article makes is very much the same. Brave Term! Correcting an injustice is the doll house, always good. And there is this: Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to suddenly demand the cyber paper rather paradoxical power to prevent the spread of their own works, and did not do so. This is one of the most common arguments put into essay the doll play, play for new world paper, the abolition of copyright, and it reverses the very idea of modern copyright. It's based on house the assumption that a creator, having taken a year or so to write a novel/paint a painting, etc., immediately wants to make certain that nobody ever sees it. What copyright does is allow the creator to set the brave new world vs 1984 paper terms by the doll house play which the work is distributed, so that a publisher doesn't shaft him/her, and if a third party circumvents those terms, to be able to take some reasonable action against them.

It isn't prevention - it's creator's rights. It's also spin along the sames lines as marriage is world hunger essay, a terrible thing because it keeps you from dating other people - basically, focusing on one negative while ignoring the context and all of the positives. So, when you read the linked article, please keep in over house, mind that part of it is rhetoric, and cyber research paper facts are taken out of context. But, the historical details are quite nice, and fill in some of the essay house details quite well. Author, the vs 1984 term EverQuest Companion, Garwulf's Corner, Diablo: Demonsbane.

Thanks for the long and thoughtful comment, Robert. We're certainly not trying for over the doll play, spin here, so let me address your points one by one: You say that patronage was gone by the end of the 19th century, and that there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from royalties. This is just not true. Some author's livings may come from brave new world vs 1984 paper, royalties, but not all. Open up a lot of over play books and you'll see in the acknowledgements that the author thanks the Ford Foundation, or the MacArthur Foundation, or whomever. Patronage not only wasn't gone by of the 19th century, it isn't even gone today! Not even a majority of style writers earn their living through copyright royalties (although of the doll course assertions like that always end up getting bogged down in definitional issues, like who counts as a writer). It is collected on sociology and social problem, not an accurate portrayal of economic reality to imply that most authors earn their living through copyright. They don't, and I think if you honestly consider the lives of authors, you'll have to admit that. Only by defining an over the doll house, author as someone who earns her living from royalties can you make it be true.

The fact that you are an agented author who earns income from royalties (taking that from your original post, not your comments above) is fine, more power to you! But it is not really connected to essays on sociology, the argument I'm making in the essay. The Doll House! The important question for society is not Do some people earn significant amounts of money from copyright today? but Would the world suffer from a lack of creative output if copyright restrictions were much shorter and narrower? Unless you think it is the job of the new world term paper government to enable a particular business model at the expense of other business models, in which case you might find the first question more compelling! But that's exactly what we're arguing against here.

For what it's worth, I am also a published author and essay over the doll a member of the writing style thesis Authors Guild, although, as you might guess, I strongly disagree with their lawsuit over Google Book Search. Regarding your point (2), I think you have a valid criticism of the essay there, and the doll house play I should add to it some material better explaining the situation in the late seventeenth and cyber research paper early eighteenth centuries. The essay doesn't do a good enough job of essay house acknowledging that part of the purpose of the Statute of Anne was to give authors more power relative to printers — that is, to give authors a real bargaining chip that they could use to new world vs 1984 paper, see to it that their books were printed as they wanted. Essay Over House Play! In this, the Statue was successful, but note that in today's world of paper zero-cost distribution (which didn't exist then, of essay play course) there are other, non-monopolistic methods of doing the same thing: tort law, for example. The method used by the Statue of Anne was appropriate for paper, a world in which reliable reproduction was physically difficult to achieve and in essay the doll, which corrupt copies were difficult to track down: granting a statutory monopoly for printing makes sense when only the original compositor can possibly make more copies reliably anyway.

But in a world where perfect copying is the physical default (as it is on the Internet), and discovery and comparison of copies are easy, this long-term monopoly makes no sense. I also think it's spin (albeit unintentional) to talk of creator's rights in the way you do. I would say I'm talking about creator's rights too, namely, the right to build on the work of one's predecessors and peers. Here's an example. I like to play the piano, and currently I'm accompanying a singer in a cycle of songs by Franz Schubert (Die schone Mullerin). Or rather, the brave term paper music is by Schubert, but the texts are by the poet Wilhelm Muller, who was still living when Schubert set the poems to music in house, 1823. Hunger! In doing so, Schubert created one of the masterpieces of over house 19th century music; any singer who sings German classical song is at least familiar with the set, and how to most have sung at least part of it. What if Schubert had had to enter into rights negotiation with Muller to set those songs? Today what he did would be a clear violation of copyright, unless he had the poet's permission. The poet might have demanded artistic veto power over the settings, which in this case could have been fatal, because another composer (working in cooperation with Muller) had already set some of over the doll house play them once before, and Muller might have felt some loyalty to those original settings.

Of course, these concerns would only have come up in modern times; fortunately for research paper, posterity, Muller and Schubert both lived at a time when artists were free to make use of each other's work. Essay Over The Doll Play! Schubert never asked Muller for problem, permission, and Muller apparently never even knew of Schubert's work, and even if he had, it would not have occurred to essay play, him that he had some kind of moral right to prevent Schubert from writing style thesis, making new settings. So, it is not by any means obvious that creators should have the the doll house play long-term power to control distribution or reuse of their work. Attribution? Sure, that's a no-brainer. Society is only harmed when people claim to have done something that someone else actually did.

But this isn't about attribution. It's about attributed copying and the right to make derivative works, without getting bogged down in brave new world vs 1984 term paper, complex negotiations that sap energy better spent on artistic concerns. There's no tunnel vision going on here; we're making a straightforward economic and over house social-benefit case. And I'm certainly not arguing that the Statute of Anne was a bad thing in its time. I'm simply saying we should understand it for brave new world term paper, what it was, in historical context , and that we shouldn't preserve its restrictions into essay over house play, an entirely different technological era. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-04-30 04:02. Very powerful and cyber bullying inspiring article. Thanks a lot! I recently listened to a podcast produced and made public by the Carnegie Council (http://www.cceia.org/).

Joseph Stiglitz was on, talking on making globalization work. I liked one of the passages a lot and thought it might be worth sharing: As another example, around the same time I was in Taiwan for a conference and I had a little time to the doll, go to a bookstore. Again, I had heard that Taiwanese publishers were engaged in a lot of pirating. As I walked through the bookstore, I had a little debate in new world term paper, my mind: Would I be unhappier if when I got to the bookstore they had pirated my book and had stolen my property, my intellectual property; or if they hadn't stolen my book, because if they hadn't stolen my book, that meant that my ideas were not being disseminated, they had ignored me. By the time I got to the doll house play, the bookstore, I had finished the debate and I decided that I really wanted them to vs 1984 term, have stolen my book.

And they had. So I actually felt very pleased. Academics believe in the importance of spreading ideas. Thomas Jefferson talked about it much more poetically than I can. It's in the Jefferson Memorial. House! He said that knowledge is like a candle; that when one candle lights another it doesn't diminish from the first candle. Taken from http://www.cceia.org/resources/transcripts/5397.html.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-05-06 22:54. First and foremost, I do not consider the demonisation and scape-goating of corporations as a legitimate excuse for abolishing copyright. Writing Style! Life is essay over the doll play, more complicated than that. It isn't simply a case of the christmas essay downtrodden consumer/artist vs. the powerful and evil content publishers. It's not simply a case of what's good for the content publisher is bad for me. You can't convince me that it is wrong to essay over the doll, sympathise because plays into the industry's hands. Such assertions are intellectually dishonest, and often are used to hide sensible motivations behind the actions. For example, claiming copyright was designed by distributors, to writing, subsidize distributors not creators is as disingenuous as claiming corporations are solely in the business of making money, or a human's purpose in life is to reproduce. While it is true on a certain level, it essentially covers up other equally important truths. One such truth is that copyright was created, partially, for the artists, and for society and its culture.

Ultimately, it does not matter where the law came from, or who wrote it, as long as it benefits society, which I believe it does. As it stands, we have a diverse culture catering to many different tastes. Essay Over House! Copyright law is diverse enough to allow for parental, the big mass-producing music/movie/software industries, as well as the free software movement, indie music labels, and other free culture movements to compete. Artists have a choice of how their works are distributed, publishing corporations make money for their stockholders, and over house play consumers can pay as much or as little as they like for intellectual property, depending on what they choose to christmas essay, buy/licence. The only problems facing copyright law at the moment are the copyright infringement and the less than heroic way the publishing industry handles it. The authors' suggestions for systems to replace the essay revenue stream generated by copyright are ideological and solve hunger essay unrealistic. As the house essay said: When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in termanation paper, the mail, etc) than the house money. If copyright were to be abolished, most of the distribution would fall to P2P file-sharing networks. They would contain a huge and diverse range of artistic works, with precious little hassle involved in brave new world paper, acquiring them. Why would you go anywhere else?

These P2P networks are designed to over the doll play, be simple and to be easy. They are not designed to thesis, facilitate the essay the doll house play transfer of money to the artist. In their current state (which would take some time to how to world, change), many of the musical tracks are tagged improperly, making it very difficult even to find the the doll house play artist responsible, let alone paying. This system also relies on christmas spirit the moral discipline of the consumer, and each consumer's individual moral code. Over House Play! We take it for term paper, granted now that enough people would feel morally obliged to pay for their work, but without the legal precedent, who can guarantee that will last?

After so many years of unrestricted copying, people would discover a more selfish side, as they realise that there is no direct benefit to them to pay for the work. This is usually prevented by the existence of a moral climate in essay over, which copying is frowned upon. Writing! As anyone can see, this is house play, happening now, with moral dissidence on a similar trend to that of P2P file-sharing. This situation is the fault of the artistic publishers, who's error of on sociology problem degree, has alienated many potential customers. The threshold pledge system is similarly faulty. It is simply another form of donation. The same problems still apply.Who is going to feel motivated to go to the effort required to fund artistic works? How are people (in practise) going to justify paying for house play, something that will instantly become free? Lastly, I'd like to point out that the essay has misrepresented the Free Software movement.

Free Software relies on copyright to ensure that the source code is freely and easily accessible. It is a considerable simplification to parental paper, believe that Free Software is designed to simulate a world without copyright. In addition, Free software is only possible because of the lack of capital required to create software. This is a significant difference to music and movies, both of which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to the doll house play, create, but not nearly as easy to distribute, making them also significantly different. There is a reason why software has the most thriving free culture community. I'm sorry, but I think you're misunderstanding, and in some cases, unfortunately, misrepresenting what I said in the article. First of all, any connotations you have about corporations, you bring yourself — I did not demonize them, I merely made the brave new world paper factual statement that copyright was designed largely by over house play the printing industry to solve problems peculiar to that industry, not to subsidize creativity per se. (Could you please point to this alleged demonization?) I likewise am not suggesting replacements for the revenue stream provided by parental termanation paper copyright, because one of my main points is that copyright is not how most creative work is actually funded anyway. If we actually look at the economic realities of most creators' lives, instead of repeating to ourselves the myths we've been told, we see a variety of over the doll house play funding sources, of cyber bullying paper which copyright revenue is usually not even the most prominent.

This is true even for writers, who are often paid on a commission / piecework basis, by essay over the doll house play the way. You write that P2P filesharing networks are not designed to cyber, facilitate the transfer of money to the artist. Right. Isn't that exactly the point I'm making about copyright itself, that it's not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist? I don't mean that in some figurative sense, I mean it literally: copyright is a law, it was lobbied for and designed by a group of people, and the problem they were solving, while real, was not the problem of how to subsidize creative work. Re the Threshold Pledge system: Google for it, you'll find that people have used it to fund real projects. I think I am accurately representing the free software movement, and have written more on that here. That point has also been addressed in play, this comment and world hunger essay this comment on the article.

Regarding these assertions: This is a significant difference to music and movies, both of which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to create, but not nearly as easy to distribute, making them also significantly different. If you really think copyright royalties are what's paying for most music, then you haven't spent much time in the music industry — try reading someone who has. About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the descriptive, not the pejorative, sense) copyright laws. Essay House! On the christmas other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for preventing people from sharing and making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of essay play works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

As for books, I addressed distribution quite extensively in essays on sociology and social problem, the article, I'm not sure if you just didn't see that or chose to ignore it. portability and fair use of music cd#039;s. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 22:38. the enigma of the lure of essay the doll play a portable media player that does not skip during everyday motion but recogizes fair use, would be solved by style a gadget that carries the original cd, or its first copy, and its compressed music files stored in essay over the doll house play, the device. the gadget periodically scans for how to world hunger, the presence of the cdrom, but the music comes from the compreseed file stored in the device. this should satisfy both the media corporation and essay the user of the music product, and allow him/her fair use access to parental termanation paper, it in his portable media device, even if the cdrom itself would have experienced skips, not to mention scratches and unwanted battery consumption. who knows if there will be a newfangled media in essay over house, the future, but let's preserve the bullying paper rights and anonymity of the user! source code is another issue involving more players. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on house Mon, 2007-05-07 22:41. In donation-world, what is the motivation of the copy-shop to ask for an additional donation?

Or can they keep a portion of it? Do they have to say how much? How do you enforce this? Also, aren't you making an assumption that the copy shop will be necessary? Is that a valid assumption? I can already make CD labels or printed CDs that are, in my opinion prettier and nicer than what generally comes from writing style thesis, a mass press. So where is the point of enforced solicitation? Also, I think its likely that we will reach a point, in essay the doll play, the fairly near future, of storage and bandwidth ubiquity that it will be trivial to make and send a copy of a full length movie without really thinking of the cost. We're nearly there now.

Certainly that will be the case for parental, books, since that's nearly the state we're at essay play, now. Hey, I got a great book I just finished, I mailed you a copy, in case you want to check it out. Ok, maybe I will, if I get time.. the california 3-4 MB of text of even a lengthy book (the Wizard of Oz at Gutenberg is less than half a MB). So, that really makes the problem of enforced solicitation a bit tricky. Will my friend ever even hear about the way to send money back to the author? I guess maybe if you put it at the front. But who reads the copyright notices in the beginning of books NOW? In the threshold world, I merely have an over the doll play, anecdote, since I have less problems with that method, though I still have to ask first one quest:

Who will pay for the first work of an california, author? (I know, its a bit tough for them NOW to get that.) Won't threshold escrows lead to situations of And your next book BETTER have unicorns in essay house play, it, or I'm withholding my donation! Its just patronage, again, really. And patronage produced fine works, but fewer people saw the results, and more than once a patron enforced their will on a work, to cyber paper, its detriment. To be fair, though, modern works are often targetted to house, sell though, so I suppose it really isn't any better now, in that respect. So, the point is moot. But, patrons paid to own, at least initially. Some of course presented it as a point of pride to their surrounding communities (though, generally just to others they felt mattered.) But my anecdote, which is more of world food for though, is that there is a certain church near me, that needs to get a new organ, and they're soliciting donations to get one, and annoucing how much they have already collected. Essay Over The Doll House Play! It really didn't take them long to reach 95% of the how to hunger amount needed to the doll play, get the cyber bullying organ. but since, there the notice has sat, week after week, waiting for that last little bit to come in. Essay House! Sort of a poker game to see which potential donator will fold first to bring in the last amount. Just something to think about.

Also, I think, perhaps, that the fundamental difference of most software from other creative works is that its mostly often a tool, and people (and lets face it, corporations, under which a great deal of open source and even free software is written now) use their own tools. People don't always, or as often, use their own creative works. Sure, to a degree they do, and there is always the old saw of the authors that writes for their children, etc, etc, but what would motivate them to distribute? Ego (oh, call it a need to share with the world around them if you must)? Perhaps, but that motivation exists now with the current system. Removing the likelihood to paper, GAIN substantially from distribution simply removes one reason why the work would be propigated at all. Making for less distribution, in all likelihood. Yes, with the technologies here and coming, the burden OF sharing is diminished, but I still know plenty of authors, particularly for whom for whatever reasons the essay over possibility of remuneration for publishing doesn't really strike them, who keep whole books, chapter, plot, characters, and writing style thesis scene, in their heads, never having committed them to paper, because the exercise of thought in essay house, creating the work alone was enough for them.

I think that in cyber bullying, a world where its unlikely they will profit from the essay the doll play distribution of a work, there would be more of these virtual books. In fact, I can't logically see how it would be any other way. Some concerns about your arguments. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 23:06. A passionate article about writing style copyright, indeed. Over The Doll Play! And it does argue well for the original motivations for establishing copyright law.

But I just can’t resist but to cyber paper, point to some “glaring” concerns, that I thing are presented as opinion: * First, even if the original motivation for establishing copyright was based on publishers’ greed, it does not mean copyright itself is evil. This seems to be referred to again and over the doll house again in the article. * This article somehow seems to portray “business” as a dirty word, opposed to creativity: For e.g. “That's what copyright does: it enables business models. is essays and social, seen as something of an evil insider secret: “Unfortunately, not all of the essay over the doll house propaganda put out by the industry is thesis, as straightforward and honest as Kenswil's” * The biggest issue of course is about the issue of how to get rich from creative works. The Doll Play! I hope the author is not against getting rich from how to solve world, one’s works of the mind. This article keeps on pounding on over play “creativity” as if it’s the ONLY motivation for intellectual/artistic works like books or music. The author presents two possible methods (as a sample): donation-ware and pledge based. But the article fails to present any concrete evidence of their success. This is probably the biggest practical concern. I admire the goodwill the author anticipates from the people out there – but is it really the christmas truth?

Is there any significant evidence for it? If this is indeed true, why doesn’t Wal-Mart simply sell its items at the cost price (including distribution, marketing etc) + a voluntary donation to provide profits. There is essay house, plenty of donation-ware software out there, and I haven’t heard of new world term any millionaires from these yet. Over The Doll House Play! Firefox makes tons of money, but it’s from their Google ad revenue sharing agreement. The pledge based system in my opinion is pretty problematic: making a pledge before even the work is created? (and therefore having little idea of what one is actually paying the creator for) No thanks ! Now, I am not saying they are useless ideas: All I am saying is cyber bullying paper, that they are unproven. I have seen many get rich from proprietary software, but yet to see creators/authors/artists getting rich to any significant degree from relinquishing copyright. And arguing for essay, getting rid of copyright (not credit right) based on unproven principles is obviously not tenable.

* There are many other arguments that are simply opinions; I won’t elaborate on all of them. Writing Thesis! But in essay over play, the end all I can say is that if what the author believes is true, then the system will simply auto-regulate as the how to solve world article argues in the end. Now should we force it on creators by changing the copyright law? That I am not too sure about. Over The Doll! I am myself in style, the process of writing a book and to be honest would feel uncomfortable if I am forced to relinquish my “rights” (open to debate of course), simply because the author feels I can make enough money from people’s benevolence. Re: Some concerns about over play your arguments. You write: The biggest issue of course is about the issue of how to get rich from creative works. Why is that the issue?

Why should we prohibit everyone else from copying and making derivative works, in order that a few people (a tiny minority out of all artists, by the way) can get rich? If you want to get rich, go into investment banking — that's what it's for. If you want to termanation california, earn a living by being an play, artist, then by termanation paper all means have a try, but don't think that you're likely to get rich from play, copyright revenues. Christmas Spirit! You might as well play the lottery. I'm not against essay house play, people getting rich. I am against us crippling important aspects of our society and justifying it on the grounds that it will enable some people to get rich. We don't justify other social policies that way; why should copyright be any different? Is this about getting rich or making a living? Submitted by christmas Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-09-20 22:57.

I agree that there are not too many people getting rich - as in any area of life. But don't forget that the great majority of us want to over the doll house, make a living, and the sword of copyright cuts both ways. I am not an artist, my written work is purposeful and workmanlike at best, and designed to help me earn a living in another field. But I abide by current law and I wield this law to protect myself and my work. I have carefully crafted a website about cyber bullying paper evidence-based hypnosis. I have researched and acknowledged my sources and provided information as accurately and interestingly as I can. Play! My website brings me clients and parental termanation california builds my reputation. However, as well as practicing my craft, I do protect my work. Essay Over The Doll Play! It aggravates me beyond words when other sites go up with whole pages lifted from how to hunger essay, mine. Play! And no, I am not flattered by being copied.

I see no reason why someone else should brazenly benefit from my effort and I do something about christmas essay it. It is essay, interesting to solve, me that another writer here was flattered to essay over house play, see his book had been ripped off, and I am guessing that this difference in attitude comes at least in part from the brave term paper difference in purpose between us. Re: Is this about getting rich or making a living? You're talking about essay over play plagiarism, not copyright violation. Plagiarism is when people copy your work without crediting you. No one here is arguing in favor of that, and in fact this site advocates strong legal protections against plagiarism where necessary.

If you use the words ripped off to refer to both copying with attribution and research paper copying without attribution, then you're using the same term for completely different things. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on essay over the doll Fri, 2007-07-27 07:25. Overall, I think you've written an cyber research paper, excellent, thought-provoking article. However, while I was reading, a couple of things came to mind: 1) In describing the genesis of copyright law, leading up to the doll play, the Statute of Anne, I think you unreasonably give the impression that the whole thing was lobbied for by publishers solely as a means of advancing their own self-interest by falsely advocating author's rights, and that Parliament simply fell for the ruse and passed the law. Parental Paper! This overlooks the significance of over the doll house publishing syndicates like the Conger, which was quite upfront in demanding that Parliament grant exclusive rights to *publishers* so that they could prevent competitors from distributing works that the Conger considered it owned, having paid the author for them. (I think I'm also right in saying that prior to the Statute of Anne, the christmas courts generally backed up this state of affairs, but I'm not 100% sure about essay the doll that part.) 2) Similarly, I think you do a disservice to Parliament by portraying it as simply going along with publishers' tale of their (and authors') woes, when I think it's fairer to how to solve hunger, say that in over the doll house play, passing the Statute of Anne they were genuinely attempting to balance the interlocking interests of authors, publishers and society in general. It might be better to note that intent, but point out that the framework being used to essays, make that decision was not very representative of the real writing-publishing environment, given that it was laid out for them by publishers, who of course had both the vested interest and the political capital to essay house, get Parliament to see things their way from the parental paper california outset.

3) Your depiction of the over play cost of digital distribution as, if not completely free, then as near to free as makes no odds is far too facile. In reality, digital distribution still costs money, it's just that the distribution costs are minuscule in cyber research, comparison to the traditional costs of doing a print run, or pressing thousands of records. The essay would be much improved if this side of the argument were made more accurate and fleshed out essay over play, better, because once that is established it lends greater weight to suggestions about what creators of works could do to make money, i.e. Brave New World Vs 1984 Paper! it makes clearer the extent to which they would need to cover costs before being able to make a profit in a no-copyright world. Also, as a side note to essay house, this, you might want to check out style thesis, economist Rufus Pollock's paper, Forever Minus a Day? Some Theory and Empirics of Optimal Copyright, which argues that as the cost of production/distribution of creative works goes down, the copyright term length should, logically, also go down. I think it gels nicely with a lot of what you're saying. Anyway, as I said, I really liked the article and will be paying attention to the site from now on!

PS I also wrote the above reply that starts, Given the way in which the industry, but I forgot to add my name! Submitted by over the doll house play Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-08-15 17:48. I've been wondering how the collected these and over the doll play related issues affect things like Digital video instead of standard video. For example, Rob Springer, the award winning TV producer, predicted that web video would take over and become the norm, especially in the face of 'forced' conversion to the Digital TV box. Solve World Hunger Essay! In fact, he has a video addition product that he's also developed - Add Video To Website - given his views on the issue. Now, the response of essay over the doll such forced conversions is always to the contrary of what is indented, and it is spirit, almost exactly the essay over the doll house play same in the copyright market. By forcing people to use pre-determined channels of buying and selling (through distributors and copyright processes), one has to wonder if this helps promote the general good - which is distribution of knowledge - or if it simply helps a certain few gather more funds to oppose the next bill proposing reform to copyright laws.

Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for how to world, creative communism. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-08-13 02:08. I don't even know where to start. Maybe I'll pull some quotes from your (very interesting) article: But the overall historical record is clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to essay over the doll house, subsidize distributors not creators.This is the secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is admitted, the true purpose of essays problem subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. Who cares today what the over house play historical record of copyright looks like? Distributors liked to be able to feed their families too, so a financial arrangement was made with the author.

Win/Win. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to those who use the software, and some of how to solve world essay those users are willing to pay for it. Totally hypocritical. Essay Over The Doll Play! You're implying that books provide NO benefit to those who read them. I can't tell you how much I benefited from Windows For Dummies.

And absolutely I was willing to pay for it. Why would I expect someone whom I've never met to spend hundreds of his own hours to write a book just so I can learn how to use my computer? If copyright is not really needed to solve world, stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. I don't believe that your premise is correct, or at least I wasn't convinced of it by anything in the doll house, the article. And nothing is quite clear here. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in all creative artists as far as the RIAA is concerned. Could you name some of them?

Shakespeare? No. Stravinsky? No. The Beatles? Thomas Jefferson? Ernest Hemingway? Tolstoy? Bill Gates? No, no, no, no, no. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an A? Of course, the students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by that at term paper, all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to hear.

Why analogize with CDs when you are discussing a paper. Over The Doll House! The vocal performance and song-writing style would of course prevent, say me, from cyber bullying research, putting my name on a Stevie Nicks song. If there were no copyright laws, I can guarantee you that human nature would prevail and you would see one article 1,000 times, each with a different author listed. One woman who has received a subpoena from the recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to give her name because of her legal situation.

He said: 'I wouldn't care. The Doll! That would be awesome.' They're still just in that young age where money doesn't matter. (One can only hope the paper california sensible 13-year-old manages to over play, keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.) The arguments are becoming more and more naive. Of course a 13 year old would think it was awesome if U2 took a song he wrote and cyber research paper sang it in concert or put it on over house play an album.

He's got no bills to pay, no mortgage, no problems! Not a financial care in the world. Ask a struggling, homeless, 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans the same question. What do you think he would say? Sure!

Go ahead and vs 1984 paper let U2 get rich off of my music while I snuggle up in my cardboard box? You're asking for a Wikipedia of great works. Play! Don't like something someone else has written? Change a few words here and there and put your name on it. Then sell it because it's the only one of it's kind. But it was an interesting read anyway! Re: Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for brave paper, creative communism. Most of what I would say in response to your comment is essay over the doll play, already in the articles on this site.

But a few points deserve specific rebuttal: You seem to brave new world term paper, be claiming that Shakespeare somehow benefited from copyright, but he died almost a century before copyright was invented. I don't know what you were talking about regarding Thomas Jefferson, who made no money from copyright that I'm aware of (corrections welcome, of course). Leo Tolstoy deliberately released his works into essay house play, the public domain later in life, precisely because of moral concerns over the unnecessary propertizing effects of copyright. In all, you may not have picked the best set of examples there :-). (Leaving aside the question of collected essays and social problem why Bill Gates is included in the list at all. Over The Doll House Play! Or is the california accumulation of essay over the doll house great wealth in itself supposed to be a justification for copyright restrictions?) Those of us who work in the open source software world have already fulfilled this so-called naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism, and we seem to be doing just fine. And, as I mentioned, we don't have plagiarism problems. Also, I release non-software works onto the Internet, such that anyone could take them, change a few words, and release a new version (see producingoss.com, for example). Yet I do not suffer from termanation california, plagiarism; I don't even worry about it.

It's been a non-issue. If someone were going to claim to have written something they didn't write, copyright wouldn't stop them, because they'd be claiming the copyright too anyway (as explained in play, more detail here and here). Of course books provide wonderful benefit to their readers; who would disagree? I love to read books; I write books too, and I like to get paid for doing so, and in fact am paid. I have no idea what made you think I was saying otherwise. Cyber! Part of this argument is that there are plenty of essay over play ways of paying authors that do not involve criminalizing other people who share with each other; you seem to have missed that part. The 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans, living in a cardboard box while U2 gets rich off his songs, is largely a creature of your imagination. The majority of musicians do not make noticeable money from copyright. And, if he existed, he would be in that cardboard box anyway if U2 didn't play his song.

But he would be somewhat better off if they did play it, because then at christmas spirit, least he'd get the publicity (remember, attribution is a separate issue). By the way, I have had the experience of a publisher publishing one of my freely-licensed books commercially and not paying any royalties. And you know what? I was happy: they were keeping it in over play, print, and my reputation was enhanced. This is exactly analogous to the situation with your hypothetical jazz musician, but it happened to me in real life. (Except for the part about living in a cardboard box, but that was just a rhetorical device on your part: I don't think I actually have to live in new world vs 1984 paper, a cardboard box to get the points, do I?) The rest of your comments are already answered elsewhere on this site.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-10-08 01:27. In one of the replies above, you said: About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the descriptive, not the pejorative, sense) copyright laws. On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for essay house, preventing people from sharing and making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of spirit essay works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

I've thought about this at some length. In fact, I've seen first hand how the non-compliance to copyright on sites like Youtube can greatly enhance the public awareness of filmmakers who would be little-known otherwise - of filmmakers whose works aren't even SOLD on DVD (because there is a large financial risk involved in publishing unusual films, many such films are never released to essay over the doll house play, the public after they have been made - or are never made in the first place). But here's the how to thing. Free Software can be (is) a viable business model because it's the over house technical support, etc. that the thesis buyer pays for. Book authors can easily make money from self-publishing their books; they can make it impossible to copy their works if they wish (all they have to do is not release the complete text online, and make the book hard to scan by printing close to the centre). Perhaps they can also make money through some kind of donation system, but they will continue to have a choice in the foreseeable future. Musicians have, and always will have, the essay house play live performances which will be their bread butter.

Even if it becomes impossible to stop the spreading of cyber paper their albums online, this might actually be a boost to essay over the doll house play, them because it'll mean higher concert attendance. But film. I don't know. Bullying Research! What do YOU see as the future for film as an over play, art form in a world where copyright not a factor? It is paper california, very different from the other things you mentioned in certain ways. There are so many variables that it's hard for essay the doll, me to sort them all out. Brave Term Paper! here are some thoughts, anyway: -We are rapidly approaching the over point at which there will be absolutely no information loss between a 35mm film and a digitized version of the film.

It is thesis, already not all that difficult to download a perfect copy of over the doll play a film over the internet. (in fact, we're there already, but I mean that soon this technology will be cheaper and more accessible) -Filmmaking, even on a small scale, more often than not requires the organization of many different people and is generally not an brave new world term, easy thing to over house play, do well. In this, it is bullying research, similar to software development. -Unlike software development, you can't make money by servicing the product (at least, I see no way to do it). -Like music, there might be a way to make money through performance. You would have to essay the doll house, commit to keeping every single copy of cyber bullying research paper it on 35mm film for the doll play, theatrical showings and not digitize it (or only digitize a reduced quality version of it, or only part of it, or digitize it but guard it very carefully to prevent it from christmas, spreading). This would be a return to the pre-VHS business model, and would actually seem to put more power in the hands of play distributors than is currently the case. -On websites like Newgrounds.com, thousands of new world term paper hobbyists submit 100,000 often bizarre, mostly awful films. It doesn't really give me great hope for the idea of hobbyism as the future of over the doll play filmmaking. Newgrounds did pay a few of its more prominent artists for their films - their number can be counted on single digits. -Websites like Atomfilms exist which serve to promote artists who would be seen as too risky by spirit essay the mainstream industry. However, these websites depend on over the doll the ads before the film.

It's just another model that depends on controlling the distribution venue. -Many of cyber paper filmmakings' greatest artistic triumphs occurred in essay over house play, places where the filmmakers had a consistent wage AND were not afraid to experiment and do what seemed right. Brave New World Vs 1984 Paper! I talk about the subject a bit over essay over house here: This raises a somewhat different question - is it actually more efficient for essay, a society to provide some base level of stable funding for filmmaking, and allow the filmmakers to the doll, decide with their colleagues what they should be making, and who should be given what budget? If filmmakers were given a small but steady wage, and the films they made released into the public domain or CC license, this would allow them to experiment more AND make their connection with the writing style public stronger (because they would judge the success of one of their own films based on the public reaction rather than how much money it made, which is often dependent more on marketing, distribution and plain chance than the essay film's quality). Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-11-05 07:32. I think the solution for essay, movies (and specifically: making enough money from movies to sustain the costs of making them professionally) in play, a post-copyright world may lie in the approach to business models applied. How about a business that sustains itself by providing a richer experience for the audience? Would people pay more money (or indeed pay ANY money) to enjoy a movie, if they can view the movie at home, downloaded for free? Yes I think so, if the brave experience they get for that money is viewed as greater. An example or two: Would you pay money to see the film in a well crafted environment (such as a modern movie theatre), with superb sound and picture quality?

Would you pay if the event was a premiere, with the the doll producer/writer/director/whoever doing a short introduction and termanation taking questions after the show? Would you pay if it wasn't a premiere, but instead you got a personal copy of the film to take home, with a printed leaflet (akin to a theatre programme), all in nice wrapping? In short, would you pay to get an house, enriched experience, rather than just the movie, downloaded to your home network. Well, not everybody would, but I think a lot of people would pay for research paper, the richer experience. If these examples alone are enough to sustain an industry resembling today's Hollywood or Bollywood, I don't know - most likely not. But I think the examples point to the solution; industries which have hitherto relied on the concept of copyrights (and their enforcement) to protect their business models in the face of a technology shift which threatens to render that model obsolete, are just prolonging the death struggle on the road to the inevitable solution: Change your business model when the old one doesn't work, or perish. I think it's that simple. Mankind is not known for a lack of creativity when it comes to finding new ways of making money.

A movie industry (with all the creativity floating around that scene) surely will find not a way to do it, but probably a full plethora of ways of bringing you (the audience) great entertainment while making a buck. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-06-12 22:27. With the growing Bollywood film industry, I am starting to wonder how much of an the doll play, issue copyright is in India? Indian cinema is blowing up big, and with the internet around, it would be so easy to download these. Perhaps this leads to greater exposure and familiarity with Bollywood etc.

This could help the industry grow even more on an international scale. the christmas spirit essay way of the future? Actresses like Aishwarya Rai and Katrina Kaif are already growing to be household names and they are primarily from over house play, Bollywood films. I know Indian cinema already 'borrows' Hollywood films and injects their own song and dance to christmas spirit essay, appeal to Indian audiences. This seems like a breach of copyright to the doll house, me. The future of copyright infringement will be an hunger, interesting one (especially with YouTube and the doll the like) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on bullying research Fri, 2007-11-16 19:11.

This message is over, licensed under the brave vs 1984 term paper terms of creative communism. And don't try to stop me from over the doll, licensing everything under the terms of creative communism. Steal this message if you want, claim as your own, I don't care, but don't try to impose copyright restrictions (or any other restrictions) on it. The copyright notice at the bottom of this page seems similar to creative communism already, so it is style thesis, a good start. I will make new computer system and other products, and essay over the doll play it will be open-source and stuff, so that the general public is benefit instead of bad people (an example of bad people is the MAFIAA, the Music And Film Association of parental paper America).

When everybody start using creative communist software then companies with too much money (because they are greedy) will be no longer. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-11-16 19:12. Oops, I forgot to write one thing, it includes not only computer systems and software, but also music, movies, books, and other stuff. The physical property are own by whoever purchases it (or makes it themself), but intelectual properties will be free for everyone. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-07-10 06:05. And now with things like the DMCA are coming to Canada and that sort of thing really scares me. It's the whole overreach thing that is essay the doll play, a big issue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-12-23 11:12. Thank you for cyber bullying research paper, the link to this page. I’ve been studying IP for a while and, much to my embarrassment, didn’t know about much of what you spoke of in your talk. I’ve never felt comfortable with copyright law primarily, I think, because law school taught us to look at essay the doll house, it in terms of how it allegedly protects authors despite the fact that it quite obviously does next to nothing in that respect. (Personally, the only use I’ve ever had for copyright has been to use it to try to decrease the christmas spirit control which publishers have over an MS once it has been sent to essay over house play, them.)

Stopping to collected on sociology and social, think of copyright law solely in terms of how it supposedly protects authors has enabled me to feel as though I'm finally beginning to essay, understand it. That's the world hunger kind of reaction every writer hopes for — thank you so much, Nandita. Indeed, you'd better watch out: that kind of comment might cause us to ask you later if you want to help with any of our projects :-). It's interesting how students of essay over the doll house play copyright law are rarely taught copyright's history (for what it's worth, many other students have made comments similar to yours). The students are never exposed to christmas spirit essay, the notion that copyright was designed to subsidize replication, not creation, or that it was designed around a particular set of technological constraints, constraints that do not hold today. This may have something to do with the fact that today's professors came of age in a time when their own publications, including books, were distributed via traditional mass print runs. Thus they have real-life experience with copyright, but mediated by their dealings with publishers. Essay Play! Since this was all mostly off the writing style Internet (online distribution of academic papers being still in its infancy), those professors tend to see copyright as a law that enables the distribution of their ideas; that's how the publishers present it, after all, and in a printing-press-based world, it's a reasonable assertion. But this all probably informs how the professors teach copyright.

Even then, as you pointed out, many of them have complaints about the amount of control the publisher gets over the manuscript. I even know a professor who can no longer obtain copies of his own book: it's out of print, but the publisher won't let anyone else print it either. Essay Over The Doll! (This may be a familiar story in christmas, academia, I don't know.) I wonder how long the categorization of copyrights, patents, and trademarks together as intellectual property law can hold up. They're all quite different from each other; there is probably some similarity between copyrights and patents, but there's hardly any meaningful similarity between them and trademarks. Yet somehow these things all got lumped together as IP. Because copyright-based industries are always careful to mention them in the doll, the same breath (see Bill Hilf's marvelous conflation while answering a question at writing style, the end of this presentation, for example), the public gets fooled. Essay House Play! If I had a dollar for every time I talked to a complete stranger about copyright and heard them ask Well, but don't you think trademarks are important? , I'd surely be able to fund QuestionCopyright.org from the proceeds. It would be better if law schools and other academic institutions treated them as unrelated fields of bullying research study. The Doll House Play! That would do a lot to alleviate the confusion (for the pro-copyright industry, a welcome confusion) that surrounds them now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-01-22 19:32.

First of all, thank you for the great article. You have made your point very well. I just wanted to make a quick comment about spirit your statement Abandoning copyright is now not only possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and aesthetically. Recently, the broadway musical The Wedding Singer came to our Performing Arts Center here in over the doll house play, town. Being a fan of the movie, my wife and I bought tickets right away. We attended the show and highly anticipated the 80's songs that were played in the movie.

To our surprise, they did not play one song from the movie. In fact, they did not play any songs from the 80's at all. What a disappointment. I did some research after the show only to find out paper, that because of essay the doll copyright issues the show could not include any of the 80's songs. I think this is research paper, a perfect example of where Copyright completely ruined what could have been a terrific show and if the copyright could have been abandoned, both artists and audiences would have benefitted, financially and aesthetically! Thanks for your kind words about the article, and for telling us about this incident (which may be a good candidate for inclusion in the doll, the Ghost Works Project, actually). Publication of cyber bullying research paper scientific research. Submitted by over the doll play Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-02-02 18:22. I enjoyed your article, and the obvious depth of thinking you have put into your subject. Parental! I wondered if you have looked at the situation regarding scientific / medical research work?

In this world, a researcher does all the work, then submits it to an academic journal, e.g. Nature, Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine etc. House! The author makes no money from the publication of the work, but the publisher does charge significant fees to anyone who wants to parental termanation paper, buy the work. Similarly if the researcher wants to read the works of his / her peers, he has to pay the publishing house to over play, access those works. So basically, the publishing houses exist simply to restrict access to scientific works and make profits for christmas, themselves by restricting access to over the doll house, work made by the researchers.

It seems to me that these situations are very similar to those of artists and other creative people described in solve hunger, your article. Re: Publication of scientific research. I'm glad you liked the article, thanks. Essay! Take a look at Public Library of christmas spirit essay Science -- they're doing wonderful work to address exactly the situation you described. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-02-26 15:18. Recently I was discussing a relevant topic on a different forum, that of the anime industry and fansubs, and essay over the doll house I think, or at least hope, that one of the posts I came up with there is christmas spirit, actually of great use to this debate as a whole. I'll give a link after my post, but I think that it's best if I give an adaptation of my post first, and then provide a link to where I originally posted it. This article has been a strong influence for me in my thinking about copyright, and this post is no exclusion. First of all, I'll quote the over the doll words of Zac, the executive editor of paper california Anime News Network, because what he said was crucial to my post:- You know, the more I read up on copyright law, the more I agree it needs to essay the doll house, be changed dramatically.

But not in the way you're suggesting. Copyright law appears to have been written to help foster the brave creation of new art and the promotion of the sciences. What it doesn't do is essay the doll house play, protect a company's product, and that's what entertainment media is cyber research paper, - a product. Episode #756 of Naruto is no different from a can of Coke, realistically speaking. Over House! It is a consumable product, created and marketed much in research, the same way a can of soda is. Because in the digital age it has no physical form other than bytes stored on the doll house a hard drive doesn't mean it's somehow less of a product - because people can classify entertainment product as art doesn't mean it somehow becomes less of a product, not part of the economy and not a business but instead some vague protected art. This argument isn't quite fully formed - I guess what I'm trying to say is that while copyright law protects ideas, concepts and images, an episode of Naruto is not just a collection of how to solve hunger ideas, concepts and images - it's a product, created to be sold to a certain demographic.

It is no more art than a candy bar. Copyright law seems to assume that there's this grand artistic community that needs protection in over the doll, order to foster the creation of new works for the betterment of writing style all but doesn't take into account the fact that entertainment is essay the doll play, a business and these TV shows and movies are products. If we were to actually acknowledge this fact - that anime is not some grandiose art that deserves to be seen by as many people as possible but rather a commercial endeavor like any other business - the collected on sociology problem whole 'it's not theft if I copy it a zillion times and give it away for free to anyone who wants it!' argument loses steam. The Doll Play! Distributing Naruto episodes online illegally should be regarded as being no different from having a magic machine that xeroxes cans of Coke and standing in front of the store handing both the Coke and the machine out to anyone who shows interest. Now, without further ado, the content of my post, adapted slightly, primarily to collected essays, remove the essay over the doll play core of referencing to anime specifically, since the issues were generally applicable. Great stuff Zac! It seemed that the thread was dying, but you've just offered us this great post. When you discuss the writing of and social copyright law, I guess you mean current coypright law was written with that in mind, because, as you can read in The Promise of essay the doll play a Post-Copyright World, copyright in its initial form was written as a censorship mechanism, which was also used as a monopoly for the Stationers. Now, if you mean copyright as it was laid out in christmas spirit essay, the United States First Amendment, then yes, that is how it was written.

However, is the doll, that the purpose it currently serves? I would say that this is brave term, evidently not the case; it is a tool of the essay house play RIAA, MPAA, etc., just as it was a tool of the collected essays and social problem Stationers. It's a tool they're using to protect their profits, but sadly for them, it's not working too well. Now, I'll go onto essay over the doll the Coke xeroxing machine analogy, because I think it's an absolutely brilliant analogy to writing style, talk about, and I think I can use it to make something very convincing. If technology that could xerox a can of Coke were to exist, then what is the cost of over the doll play producing a can of parental Coke?

Zero. Would this also mean that Coke is worthless? It seems so, doesn't it, but shortly I'll explain why that might not be the case. Over House! At this stage this seems like a horrible analogy to books and video of today, since video especially can be very costly to christmas spirit essay, produce. But no, if you look deeper still, there is actually something you can draw from the analogy. Essay The Doll House Play! Either something that can be copied indefinetely is valueless (infinite supply = zero price), as one could argue easily from an economic perspective, or there is something else to the product that has some kind of inherent value. However, any value in such a product clearly cannot lie in the physical form of the parental termanation california product, and that is why it is essay the doll house, essential that any digital product must, by necessity, be seen as having value of a different kind. And here, I propose two distinct types of value, value to society (social value, I'll call it), and the value associated with the act of creation (For want of a better term I'll call it creative cost). Parental Termanation Paper! Consequently, whether it is art or not is irrelevant - in its mere nature it cannot have value in essay over the doll house play, the same way as a tangible product, but only in an intangible sense.

The very idea of trying to termanation paper california, attach a standard, non-zero economic value to the product itself in the case of over house play something that can be infinitely reproduced is clearly unsound. However, the other two types of value I suggested can be applied just fine. Now I'll apply the value system I've just fleshed out to your Coke analogy, arguing that even if Coke costs nothing to world essay, reproduce (and hence produce, because the two things are equivalent in this case (though this is not the case for other products), it is not worthless. Firstly, Coke has social value - it is over the doll house play, capable of providing enjoyment to society, or at least that's what Coke advertises =D. Cyber Bullying Research! Secondly, there is the value associated with the act of having invented Coke. Without the first Coke having been created in the first place, infinite reproduction would be impossible. In the case of Coke, the law attempts (or attempted) to essay over the doll, recognise this value by giving Coca-Cola a patent for their product. As for any creative work, it has those same two types of style inherent value. There is the social value, and the creative cost. One can agree to this without accepting any creative work as art at over house, all; social value is benefit to society of any kind, it need not be artistic; many commercial works can still be said to be of value to society, even if that value is not artistic.

As for creative cost, well, the christmas spirit essay fact that a television show costs money to create is undeniable, so it certainly possesses creative cost. In the case of essay a written work, it can be done by a single person merely by spending time, but, as is all too often said, time is money. So, with this in world hunger, mind, I'll return this to essay over house, the issue of creative cost. Cyber Bullying Research Paper! It is clear that not everyone who produces something that is essay over the doll, a digital (or digitizable) product can offer it for free, though that would be best for society. However, once something is produced, economics says that it would be completely and utterly stupid to prevent near-infinite reproduction when it's so damned cheap. Hence comes the christmas issue, and it is the the doll play very issue copyright failed to writing style thesis, solve - how do you foster the creation of things that have no tangible value, but have significant social value as well as creation cost? Copyright is a possible answer to over house, this, but the fact is that it doesn't work. As far as I can see, there is no simple way to sort out cyber bullying research, such a question from a legislative perspective without significant violation of civil liberties. Consequently, the true onus is on society as a whole to find ways of repaying the creative cost. In the case of businesses, their role in this affair is essay over the doll house play, that they will need to make profit from the social value of such a thing, rather than relying on the value of a physical product.

In the cyber bullying paper thread I said that a number of solutions to these problems already exist, and essay over the doll play mentioned some of them, but that is unneccessary on this site. I'll return to parental termanation paper, the Coke-xeroxing machine to summarize - the over house presence of such a Coke-xeroxing machine could be seen as nothing other than a bonus to society. Let me now change that Coke-xeroxing machine to a food-xeroxing machine (I admit I'm twisting Zac's argument slightly to get something yet more convincing out of it, and I apologize). That would be nothing other than an ENORMOUS benefit to society - it would alleviate world hunger in one fell swoop. The Internet should be seen in the exact same way. I believe a lot of what I'm saying is rather similar to what I read in this article, but I hope I'm adding something of value. Now a link to style thesis, the original posts, though I think it's unneccessary:-

Submitted by essay over the doll house Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-02-26 16:31. Having thought about this further, I think there's a slight correction I need to make. When I use the analogy, I assert value in the form of creative cost, and then I use two different examples of brave new world vs 1984 paper such, the invention of Coke, and over the doll house the creation of some kind of work. It makes for a good analogy, but I may have fallen prey to the whole grouping IP together fallacy. Now, Coke have chosen not to patent their formula, but the fact that the patent was available to them remains.

However, if it were something infinitely reproducible, then, in the same way it has for software, patent law would be subject to real, mainstream debate, which is a way in which we can only wish copyright would behave. A Coke xeroxing machine would, in fact, (or at essay, least I would hope so) be seen as a whole new invention having merits of its own. Consequently, while parallels can be drawn between patent and copyright, that is not to say that the same course of action should be taken for essay over house, both. While both are about providing incentive to christmas spirit, creators, patent is indeed wholly different; and, more crucially, the current patent system is viable, while the copyright system certainly is not. The current patent system is viable?? . the over the doll current patent system is viable ? Those who have the writing style most experience with it are the ones most likely to disagree with this statement :-). I tend to think that abstract economic analyses (I've made many myself, so I'm guilty too) of creativity vs products vs distribution, etc, miss the main point: We've just built a world-wide copying machine.

It makes perfect copies every time, and costs almost nothing per-copy. So, are we going to let ourselves use it or not? Submitted by essay over house Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-02-27 07:32. I'm sorry, I was just afraid I'd made a mistake in drawing a parallel in the way that I did, so I basically tried to writing thesis, cover my tracks as far as that parallel was concerned, and it didn't really help. Sure, one might say that the core principle is that we have this world-wide copying machine and it would make no sense whatsoever to limit its use, but I think analysis such as mine helps to understand how society can adapt to its presence. I think that what analysing the over the doll house play value behind products like digital media offers us at the least a viable outlook on how people can be reimbursed for their work, even an overall idea as to how a business can produce digital media and give it away for style thesis, free. The basic principle for a business would be a simple one - harnessing the social value of the over product to repay the creative cost, and make a profit as well. Sure, I understand what you're saying, but I also think we tend to fetishize familiar economic models -- indeed, we fetishize economic value itself, forgetting that economics is as capable of adjusting to new policy as policy is to economics. Here's another way to think about it: If it were the essays on sociology problem mid-1400s right now, but instead of inventing the printing press, Gutenberg had somehow invented the over the doll play Internet, would anyone ever seriously have proposed anything resembling copyright law?

No, surely not. Free circulation of texts, etc, had been the norm up till then. The only research restrictions were physical: how quickly and how accurately you or your scribes could copy. The Doll Play! There is no reason to think that the appearance of writing style thesis a perfect, global copying machine into essay over play, that environment would have led to an urge to collected essays on sociology and social, restrict sharing (except for purposes of political censorship, of course, but that's not an acceptable motivation today). When the printing press (not the over house play Internet) did appear, it had certain physical limitations, and economics and policy both adjusted to that. Now those limitations are gone -- not merely alleviated, but entirely obliterated. Economics can adjust again to the real world, as it should. To argue that we should preserve economics adjustments that were designed specifically around earlier physical limitations implies that either the adjustments or the cyber paper limitations still serve some purpose, but if so, what? The mere preservation of a business model seems to me to be a weak goal. If the value we attribute to essay the doll house, copyrighted works today partly depends on the monopoly restrictions of writing style thesis copyright, then where in this accounting do we figure in the negative number -- that is, the inverse value of over the doll house those who wished to copy and make derivative works but couldn't? (Like Eldred, the publisher in Eldred vs Ashcroft, for example; see the Ghost Works article for another example. ) What bothers me is so-called economic analyses that leave out whole sides of the equations, and calculate value using the vs 1984 narrowly-defined formulas with which the publishing industry determines its profits.

Those don't represent value from over the doll house, society's point of view, they only essay represent the value to one party in over the doll house play, a multi-party transaction. Essays On Sociology! If we're going to do economic analysis, let's do it for real, instead of over house play letting the terms be defined in such a way that the outcome is a foregone conclusion! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-03-03 03:37. Well, I guess that's basically what I was trying to do - include a broader definition of bullying research value in over the doll, my analysis, and see where that lead. It still gave me the same conclusions that you came up with - everyone with a stake in the issue needs to realise that the current copyright model is unneccessary, and ineffective. Yup. Sorry, I get too caught up in tactics sometimes (and have been debating economists perhaps a bit too much lately -- it makes for spirit, bad reflexes :-) ). I didn't mean to imply that you had come to the doll, a conclusion other than the one you came to.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on collected on sociology problem Fri, 2008-07-11 16:13. I dont think that the current patent system is viable at all. The way it is set up it only serves the essay the doll purpose of solve hunger essay making sure copyright lawyers drive mercedes instead of house play honda. Do you have any idea how much it costs to brave paper, get pattent protection? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-09-24 08:21. This is an interesting article, when it comes to japanese animation industry, the fansub community (represented by some web sites like AnimeSuki and Fansub-BT) are having some troubles with copyright owners when they translate unlicensed animes into different languages but it really helps the industry in choosing what anime they need to buy a license on a specific country. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-04-13 07:07. A friend and I were actually talking about the subject of essay over Copyrights and she sent me a link to paper, your article. Very interesting points you've made and essay the doll house play I have to say that my stance on the topic has changed considerably as a result of your arguments.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-05-03 21:25. Bingo this is exactly what I was after, answered a lot of questions I was pondering about. very neat paper definitely adding this to bookmarks as I'll be covering this subject more in cyber, depth next semester. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-05-23 09:52. The copyright of a work is initially assigned to the person(s) that created it. Selling the copyright (the work) to a publisher is one major way a creative person makes money from their work. Prices publishers pay for copyrighted works have to do with their marketability just like any business. A song by over the doll house play the Rolling Stones will bring more money than a song by collected essays on sociology and social problem the local high school rock band. A new book by J.K.

Rowling commands a bigger rate than, say, a book by you. No one I know is making money off of what you call the free stream. It gets a lot of over the doll play ink from Internet types but no creative person is making money on it. Suggested donation? the day I can buy my groceries with a suggested donation is the day I'll allow a suggested donation for my labor. Anyone else out there want to turn their paycheck into termanation, a suggested donation? how much have you made with your paypal donate button on this site??

I am not the RIAA, I am not a corporation. What you are describing here would take away my ability to over, feed my family. And if you ever succeeded in doing that you would soon see how fast your battle for copyright would become a personal one. I've made my living for about 15 years from the free stream. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on paper Sun, 2008-10-26 02:52. Obviously you are talking from a very personal point of essay the doll house view and no-one would deny your right to feed your family but there must be better ways of implementing copyright laws than the way they are today. With the reach of the internet, they simply are not enforceable anyway. Anything you can get your hands on in data form (words, code, music etc) you can get for free on the net and some countries do not respect the copyright of others so what are we to do?

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2010-01-18 06:16. copyright is not needed to collected problem, protect from fraud. the best protection is knowing the reputation of those you work with just like all other businesses not protected by copyright. copyright will become obsolete as more authors and artists make their works of authorship(information) freely available on the internet as an advertisement for the sale of a packaging(physical object) or service(presentation or website or concert) which embodies the information. with millions of creative works being published every single day, modern musicians or authors should fear obscurity. far more than piracy. authors who insist on being monopolists of information will eventually fail and those who are able to get their information copied and in widespread usage will thrive. Over! this is how things were before copyright existed. if copyright was abolished then the internet would become a vast source of information for everyone to access and to use and to new world term, benefit from as it should be in a free society. society has decided that it will not be deprived of over house the. free flow of information. this is called progress and you cannot stop it. what society needs to do now is abolish copyright to stop the cruel and arbitrary punishment from copyright infringement. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 08:58. It's apparent that you have no understanding of the real music industry. You've obviously never sat in a room alone with a musical instrument and a blank page and writing style emerge hours later with art so powerful it changes lives, encourages the hopeless or time stamps a special memory.

This act of creativity takes years or even decades to perfect. Your theory suggests that if I master quantum physics and just because I have the technology to move objects that were designed, created and over the doll manufactured by others who spent countless hours perfecting their skills, then it would be justified to share with everyone for termanation paper california, the good of the people. I find it amusing that advocates of free music and those who frown upon copyright law like, Chris Anderson, are still charging me for my Wired Magazine subscriptions. Your post sounds like a socialist agenda but please humor me and the doll house play enlighten me step by step, (which I will outline the process for essays and social problem, you below) as to how this aforementioned artist would be able to, not only support themselves, but underwrite the associated costs. Let's assume the artist is already established so we won't have the argument that, Well maybe this artist doesn't have what it takes. Artist writes a song that by today's standards feels like a hit.

The artist will need to record the song and essay over house play will either have to purchase a computer with recording software and learn how to engineer or go to the local recording studio, which is like the chicken or the egg scenario. Recording studios exists because the collected on sociology and social income artists receive from selling music flows back to over the doll house, other professionals like engineers, photographers, graphic design etc… This is parental termanation, why so many recording studios no longer exist. Artist pays modestly 20k to record one song, which includes the studio, an engineer, a mix engineer, 4 musicians, a producer, background vocalists etc. Depending on essay over the doll play the song, this would be the bottom-line budget by today's standards. Christmas Spirit! If strings, horns or specialty instruments are needed, that would be additional costs. Essay House! Basic strings will cost 7500.00 to 15k per session. Lastly, travel costs for the artist would likely be added above this budget, so let's say the artist is all-in for 25k. Artist now goes on essays on sociology and social the road to promote the play song. The travel cost associated with touring is complex and involves hundreds of brave vs 1984 term paper people who depend on over house getting paid as well.

However, now that the cyber research paper song is finished and the artist is ready to over, promote the paper california song, we give the song away for free online. Please tell me how said artist gets paid or even recoups production costs. If you're telling me that word of mouth will make people go buy the music at iTunes, that's not realistic. I have an artist with 60 million youtube views. We sold 50k singles last year because everyone knows they can get it for free on youtube.

Guess who's making the money there? Tell me how not only the artist, but the producer, writer, musicians, photographer, graphic designer, marketing department, booking agent and all others associated with making the one piece of music gets paid if we're to give it away? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 16:53. Maybe that artist should make music for hire instead of making it without pay and then expecting people to pay him? You don't agree to do any other service before some form of payment is established do you? Fund and release. Submitted by house Anonymous (not verified) on christmas Mon, 2008-06-16 04:21. Just wanted to essay over house play, let you know that we posted a large part of your article at LawMatters.in.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-06-18 13:53. Great articles and comments, how can I translate it in another language? I mean, am I allowed to translate it and post it on my web site if I send you the bullying research paper address and all? Re: Translation into more languages. Free copyright means free copyright: you don't have to ask my permission to make translations. I'd appreciate it if you'd send back a link if you do, though, so we can point people to it. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-06-19 16:17. A distinction needs to be made between different kinds of media and essay over the doll creativity. California! Written material is extremely easy to duplicate and over house play tag your name to as compared to more 'live' material such as music and video.

For example, a site such as Sean Nalewanyj - the brave vs 1984 guy's entire income is dependent upon the fact that he INDEED is the author of the program in question. If there was no copyright, tons of people could simply stick their name up on the program and start selling it. On the other hand, it is rather obvious that there is a HUGE difference between sharing content and copying content. As time goes on, I'm sure the over the doll distinction will become clearer and many of these issues will start dying down. Good article nonetheless! Re: A distinction needs to be made. You're confusing copyright with protection from writing, plagiarism. The Doll House! They're unrelated: one is about making copies, the other is about attribution.

Anyway, if someone is going to falsely claim authorship of brave new world paper a work, then they'll falsely claim the essay over the doll house copyright at the same time. Brave New World Term! All the copyright laws in essay over the doll play, the world won't help the original author then -- the case needs to be prosecuted as fraud. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-07-09 11:58. They're fighting to maintain a state of mind, an attitude toward creative work . You've got it in a nutshell, right there. That's the crux of the cyber bullying issue. Until the creative community can foster a different state of over mind, the insanity of solve hunger current copyright enforcement will continue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on the doll Thu, 2008-07-10 11:33. Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by governments, giving the creator of an collected problem, original work of authorship exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time, after which the work enters the public domain. Generally, it is the right to copy, but also gives the the doll house copyright holder the christmas right to be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the work to other forms, who may perform the work, who may financially benefit from it, and essay the doll house other, related rights. It is an intellectual property form (like the patent, the trademark, and the trade secret) applicable to any expressible form of an idea or information that is substantive and discrete. i hope we get this prtected as we protect our kids and save this for our future. Submitted by bullying Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-06-03 07:24.

A century of censorship is hardly a limited amount of time. That means artists can live their whole lives without ever being able to the doll house play, participate in vs 1984 paper, the culture they exist in. Your kids won't be able to house play, create art that has anything to do with the art owned by corporations during their lifetimes. Creative Commons and New Music Business Models. Submitted by essay Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-02-11 10:51. I offer all my songs under the Creative Commons because as an essay over play, independent music producer I am well aware of the changing of the tides you have mentioned. The fact is that the Internet, Peer 2 peer networks are comparable to one big radio station that is great for writing style thesis, promoting artists (my site increases in traffic daily), but bad, bad, bad for record companies. So whats my business model? Same as any blog, and my music gets the word out.

Re: Creative Commons and the doll house play New Music Business Models. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-22 17:43. What sort of donations do you receive on average per download? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2009-06-21 01:17. You have made good article to and social, share. I will destribute it to my friends via email. I think in the today's modern industry of over the doll play technology and internet it is almost impossible to stop unauthorised destribution. That is essays on sociology and social, because everyone can place any content over the internet and people will not pay any money if they are getting the essay the doll house same thing for termanation paper, free. However, i never knew the history of copyright and i surprised that the copyright is not for authors, but for destributor companies. End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-11-02 10:24.

I think you'll find that a large portion of creators who seek another way are abandoning, not copyright, but publishers. They retain their copyright, and essay over one of the big reasons is to protect themselves from someone taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against the sharers. Look carefully, for writing style thesis, example, at the GNU General Public License (the copyleft) and you will see that it cannot operate without the existence of copyright *and its retention by the creator*. Other models are possible. There's nothing to prevent an author offering a limited-term exclusive license to publish his work while retaining copyright, including the right to offer other licenses to others when the term of exclusivity has expired. Can that sort of agreement be used to essay over the doll house, optimize the benefit to the author? Beats me, but I'm sure that someone will try it, if it hasn't been tried already. But again it depends on the author's copyright -- he just uses it differently. Without copyright, there would be only *one* viable business model: the if you liked this, you might send me some money model.

Works for some, maybe not for new world paper, others. Let's keep copyright and over the doll play encourage creators to style thesis, use it *ahem* creatively, and see what develops. Over! There's a different axis for free culture. End of something, but maybe not copyright. There are many business models that work without monopolizing content. We've documented real-life examples of some of them here (see the Sita Distribution Project results, for example). You're writing from the solve world perspective that this is just a matter of the author's choice, that whatever the author chooses to the doll house play, do is okay, isn't it great how the Internet gives authors so many more possibilities today, etc. It is great, but the Internet also gives everyone more possibilities: authors, sometime authors, readers, filmmakers, composers, everyone.

The argument we're making is in spirit essay, essence a civil rights argument, not an economics argument: why should anyone (publisher, author, author's estate, etc) have a monopoly over over the doll house what you can do with your copies? Or what I can do? Given that there are so many more ways to use copies now than there used to writing thesis, be, it doesn't make sense to monopolize them. I wasn't sure what you meant about taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against the sharers. Without copyright, how would one wage war against sharers? The GNU GPL and other copyleft licenses do not fundamentally depend on essay the doll copyright; they could be implemented without copyright too very easily. See this article excerpt for more on that. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by parental termanation california Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 10:48. I think the question here--and I'm curious about this, too--is how to make sure others follow the CC license, or whatever license the author uses.

For example, what would happen if Paramount Pictures decided to issue Sita Sings the Blues on a DVD and copyright it. Then Paramount's lawyers started issuing Cease and Desist orders to the file sharers and other DVD distributors. (This is a pretty extreme example, I know.) How is the CC license enforced? Who keeps somebody else from Copyrighting your work? I know Nina Paley is the author of Sita, but technically what could she do to house play, stop this? I almost think she (or any other author) would then, oddly enough, rely on solve hunger essay the existing copyright laws to stop them. Is this correct? Just curious. Re: End of essay the doll play something, but maybe not copyright. Falsely claiming copyright or authorship is like any other kind of fraud. What keeps me from claiming to be you?

It's difficult to do it successfully, and brave term there's a good chance that if you catch me, you'll have me punished (and after all, proving your case is easy -- once a fraud is detected, there's rarely any difficulty to prove it, since the closer people look, the over the doll house more fraudulent the fraud appears). This dynamic is as true with copyright as with anything else. Another way to say it is, this has nothing to do with free licenses. If copyright were so easy to steal, then it would happen all the time for how to solve hunger essay, the traditional restrictive licenses too. The reason it doesn't is that fraud is hard to do right. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on the doll Wed, 2009-12-16 10:00. Okay. I guess that makes sense.

BTW, I'm very much in favor of the Creative Commons license model, but, I just want to understand, legally, how it works.I know my example above about Paramount seemed abusrd, but there are smaller examples of things like this happening. I know of a company that colorized a 1936 public domain film, then tried to claim that it had restored the copyright on it--even the original Black and White version. I don't know if it would hold up in court or not, but cease and desist letters can scare distributors and websites away from hosting material. Research! In this case, they weren't claiming authorship, but they were claiming ownership. Essay House! Now, I know we're not talking about Public Domain material here. But, what exactly are we talking about? I am going to make a film soon which I want to release for free with a CC-pro license. Bullying Paper! Do I need to Copyright it first? Is there any other legal means to claim authorship?I don't mind doing so, but it does make me wonder about the wisdom of essay over abolishing all copyright laws, if, in the end, we still rely on termanation them to legally claim authorship of our work. Would everything otherwise become Public Domain, with a hope that people abide by the CC license?Does my question make sense?

Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Your question doesn't make sense -- but it's not your fault, it's the fault of the rather confusing copyright system. First of all, you automatically get copyright for what you produce. You don't need to register copyright, or pay a fee; technically you don't even have to put a copyright notice on house the work, though for various reasons your life will be easier if you do. It's automatically copyrighted by you no matter what. What license terms you choose, though, is up to you.

(Remember, this is not about claiming authorship. You claim authorship by putting your name on style the work. That's independent of copyright. Over House! Even if you released the collected essays work to over the doll play, the public domain (i.e., explicitly gave up your copyright), you would still be the work's author. Tolstoy's works are in the public domain, not under copyright at all, but Tolstoy is christmas, still known as their author. So you have to separate the idea of claiming authorship from claiming the right to restrict people from copying the work. Essay Over House! Those are two totally different things.) Now, copyright is currently the only mechanism the research paper law offers by essay over the doll house which you can enforce a sharing-friendly license (i.e., a license that says derivative works must be freely shareable too). So, use a copyright license, no problem. Someday, as described in that excerpt I referenced earlier, the law may provide you another way to vs 1984 term, encourage sharing, in which case you could switch to using that way.

Choosing a free license is over the doll house play, not an endorsement of the copyright system. Parental Termanation Paper! It is a use of the copyright system to achieve something that copyright was not designed for. Over The Doll House Play! If there were no copyright in the first place, there would be no need for your license to how to, specify that sharing is okay, because sharing would automatically be okay in the first place. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on over the doll Sun, 2010-01-31 18:18. Proving fraud is not easy. Ask a lawyer. Currently, the article The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights can be found at http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/673/583. Fixed now, thank you. I'm an undergraduate student who became interested in this issue after watching Nina Paley's Sita Sings the Blues which, I might add, was a brilliant film. Recently I have begun work on my term paper for a Social Sciences class on this subject, and I have been using this article as well as the video talk you gave as some of my references.

I am also planning my presentation on this topic, and want to cover all my bases. To that end, there is one question I have so far, specifically with incentives for creation and other methods of profit. You said that singers hold concerts which provide them with additional income, and there is Ms. Paper! Paley who has grants and funds. I'm not sure if you have already mentioned it, but what are alternatives for writers? Thanks in advance for your time, I hope it's an easy question to answer!

newspaperkiosk.com link is dead and seemed to be something else. Submitted by house play Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-04-21 04:56. A great and well-reasoned article. many thanks for laying these points down so clearly. However, http://www.newspaperkiosk.com/ is dead and now redirects to some domain name holding company, while search engines claim that it used to be a site for Publication racks and newspaper kiosks for sale in durable hardwood (!) A current example of paper print-on-demand is style thesis, www.lulu.com. Re: newspaperkiosk.com link is dead and seemed to be . Thanks, Martin. I'll make a note in the reference. Re: The Surprising History of essay the doll play Copyright and The Promise of parental termanation california a . Submitted by over house play Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-21 01:11. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Thank you so much! We link to it from the translations list at the top now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 04:25.

Well done admin! Removing the writing comments that showed the house play one fatal flaw in your plight for the use of copyrighted material?, let's all welcome hypocritical censorship as in sixteenth-century England. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). The volume of brave new world spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to help us filter the spam, then you get to essay over play, complain :-). Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Failing to christmas spirit, publish someone's comment is essay, not the writing thesis same as censorship. Electrons are cheap; you're free to over house play, get your own web site. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment.

So if you still have yours, please repost. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 13:23. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). I do remember what my comments said, but I will gladly look up the cyber bullying research posts from my original backups to confirm. The volume of essay over the doll house spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. Paper! If you're volunteering to essay house play, help us filter the cyber bullying paper spam, then you get to complain :-).

The volume of spam comments shows just how easy your site can be exploited, perhaps you should put your finger on essay over play the real pulse of the Internet and avoid such spam?. I will gladly volunteer to help with anything, but if you persist in deleting 'spam' comments from a comment poster along with responses by a resident artist (Nina Paley), just what exactly is accidental about that? Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Failing to publish someone's comment is not the same as censorship. The comment (actually plural) was (= comments were) published. You were clearly cornered, Nina Paley attempted two feeble counters, but she failed miserably. Electrons are cheap; you're free to cyber bullying research paper, get your own web site. I have my own website, in fact I have much more, please DO NOT use the loser response (so let's brush off the over hecklers) when you are surely beyond that. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment. So if you still have yours, please repost.

I do not think a repost is term, justifiable just yet, a stunning post which counters your basic principles is obviously just too much for you to grasp at present. As an alternative, I'll give you time to rethink your basic strategy towards your goal. Trying to 'cloud over' the essay over the doll play Bible quote with copyright is paper, a very poor response, with your resources you should know that copyright on the Bible is in most cases restricted to 'derivative', my original (deleted) comments were in fact copyrighted to the doll play, me as the author of a 'derivative'. If you are going to fight for something, make sure you cover ALL bases against attack!, counter ALL attacks successfully and you might just win. It's true: the parental termanation paper admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by me, in which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. Tragically, those comments are gone forever, leaving you with the house false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Oh cruel fate! Submitted by essays problem Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-18 09:31. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by me, in which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. It appears that your idea of eloquence is weak replies along with immature insults including what some would consider prejudice against people with weight disorders.

Your 'accidentally deleted' replies proved nothing about me of course, but certainly proved something much more substantial about questioncopyright.org. Tragically, those comments are gone forever Fortunately those comments are not gone forever, because as someone who owns and over the doll house maintains several websites - I backup EVERYTHING (especially any web pages with which I participate). leaving you with the false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Unless you consider mind reading a part of your talents you have absolutely no idea what true or false impressions I have of you, but your entire post does leave an outstanding impression of parental professionalism for over play, public consumption. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 06:39. Thank you very much for the free work shared in this website. I?ll pack some of your content and paper will sell this nice free work and make some profit. Yep, some people dont have time (or patience) to dig your site, so I will offer a compilation and make mone with your free work, selling this compilation. Thank you again! Thank YOU!

Packaging and distributing books is a lot of work, and demands upfront monetary investment. Glad you're willing to take the essay over financial risk on thesis behalf of our message. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:47. No, no. No financial risk, no work either! I?ll just copy and past the work in a DVD or CD and sell it.

Or even setup a paid download. And I will ask you to not get pissed, because I?ll use your work to essay over, make money, but will never share it with you. Cyber Bullying Research Paper! Sue me! OOps, without a copyright law this will be quite impossible. The Doll House Play! :^) If burning DVDs and setting up paid downloads is solve hunger essay, no work for you, great. Over House Play! It's work for me. Collected Problem! I say, go for it! Then come back and tell us how much $$$ you made.

I promise I won't sue - selling copies of essay over house play my work doesn't violate the CC-BY-SA license. Seriously. Go crazy. I kid you not. Why are you still reading this? Get burnin' and sellin'! You've got big bucks to make!

Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2011-02-25 10:03. I'll just download the hunger entire article for free at this website instead of giving this. Jackass any of my money. Thank you for a monumental and essay over play interesting body of work that we will be linking to. Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-03-06 23:35. You appear to be missing the point of the article completely. The idea is termanation paper, that having the over the doll house information spread freely is a good thing.

So if you want to make a copy and try to spirit, make money off it, thats great! It means it will be seen and the doll play enjoyed by more people. If you end up making lots of money from it, we would be HAPPY ( aside from your attitude about it being rather hostile). The point is that sharing is good. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:39. Because this cause is clearly socialist, and as an artist that cant manage to pay the bills with utopic ideas, I would like to spirit, ask what is the amount of play artists that jumped in to christmas spirit, this cause? I mean REAL artists, that spends lots of money and time studing his art? Any with children to grow up?

Any that pay taxes? If I would like to share my production freely, I dont need any change in over, the law, I just give it. World! Abolition of the copyright laws only benefit copiers (i.e. parasites). Submitted by over Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2010-08-17 05:37. Actually, many libertarians and classical liberals question copyright on philosophical or economic grounds. For example, See N. Stephen Kinsella's essay Against Intellectual Property. In short, he believes the concept of intellectual property weakens both physical property, and basic freedoms like freedom of speech. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-15 10:57. I enjoyed most of the article, but you have the collected essays and social problem Statute of essay the doll play Anne completely inside-out, and termanation paper california it really weakens your case.

Consider the real story: First off, it's extremely disingenuous to refer to the Stationers' law as a copyright measure. It doesn't resemble what we think of as copyright in any way. True copyright began with the Statute of Anne, not the Stationers. The Stationers' publishing monopoly may have been based on censorship, but it also proved to be a highly efficient way to essay over the doll play, encourage the creation and cyber distribution of books. Because it worked well, much better than patronage, by the time the Stationers' monopoly ended, the patronage system was on the way out. The monopoly had done a great deal of over the doll damage to paper, the system, but with it gone, and no strong, viable alternative, all that remained was anarchy. When anyone with a press could publish a written work, that frequently turned out to be exactly what happened.

And without regulatory laws and contracts to keep them in line, they would publish their works under their own terms, frequently without any compensation to the authors. The simple truth is the doll house, that authors asked for style thesis, a copyright law in order to essay house play, keep the publishing houses from abusing expensive modern technology that wasn't generally available (the printing press) to their detriment and, quite frequently, their financial ruin. Once authors were able to harness the publishing companies, they could use the law to suppress abusive publishers and be able to maintain an income based on their work. Parliament passed it with a very important provision: the collected essays on sociology and social problem expiration date. (Would a group of publishers seeking the house restoration of a perpetual monopoly really lobby for one?) The idea is not to use copyright as an incentive to get authors to create works, but as an incentive to get authors to enrich the public domain ; the same idea that's been used so successfully (originally, at least,) in patents. When you see the world essay origins of copyright as a means to suppress the abuses of publishing companies rather than enable them, then the true scope of the abominations they've perpetrated over the last 40 years or so becomes clear. The Statute of essay over house play Anne was developed for the explicit purpose of preventing wealthy publishing companies from abusing expensive modern technology to the detriment of spirit essay authors. (It even says so in the preamble.) And ever since then, they've been patiently working to restore status quo ante.

The Digital Millenium Copyright Act finally brings things full circle: It was developed for the explicit purpose of permitting wealthy publishing companies to abuse expensive modern technology, to essay house play, the detriment of not only authors but the general public. That's the story that you need to be telling. California! The publishers have turned a legal tool meant to keep them under control into a tool by which they can control the rest of us. The DMCA turns both law and common sense inside-out. DRM takes the control of a computer's functionality out of the hands of the essay over the doll house play computer's owner, overriding it and vs 1984 bending it to the will of some other programmer, against over the doll play, the owner's will. In any other context, this is known as computer hacking, and it's a serious crime. Instead, the DMCA arbitrarily declares that this is legal, and that it is in fact a crime for a computer owner to reassert their own natural right to control of spirit essay their property by disabling or bypassing the hacker's DRM software. Copyright, as originally conceived, is a good idea, both for authors and for society as a whole.

The only people it harms are the publishers, and over house this is by design. That's why they've spent so much effort to work on changing it ever since it was invented. We need to new world vs 1984 term paper, work to restore it, to roll back the abusive mutations that have been introduced to the law, not abolishing it and leaving another power vacuum like the one that led to the creation of copyright law in essay house play, the first place. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and writing style The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:45. Hi, Anonymous; thanks for your critique. (I'd love some sources for those points, if you have time to give them.) I don't completely agree, because there are important respects in which the essay over the doll house original Stationers' monopolies really were like copyrights: they were treated as property by the Stationers themselves, within the Company. The resemblance is too strong to pass over unremarked. Also, the driving force behind the Statute of Anne was primarily the publishers, not authors. It is true that some authors understandably felt abused by printers, and this shaped the statute, but there seem to have been very few authors -- who were not also Stationers, that is -- directly lobbying for the model in the Statute of Anne.

Indeed, it would have made much more sense for termanation paper, authors to argue for a mandatory royalty rate and some statutory protections as to integrity of content, rather than for a transferable monopoly. Yet we ended up with a transferable monopoly. Why? Because the model was designed for the sustainability of the publishing industry, not for authorship per se. Thus it seems to the doll house, me more accurate to say that the Statute of Anne was essentially a publisher-driven law that contained important concessions to how to, authors and to the public domain in over the doll house play, order to christmas spirit, get passed.

Undoing both types of concessions has been the great project of the content industry in modern times. I think I actually agree with you that it was a good idea for its time. But today, when we have a zero-marginal-cost, worldwide copying and essay over play editing machine, the opportunity cost of copyright is much higher -- even of copyright as originally formulated by the Statute of vs 1984 term paper Anne. If instead of the play printing press, the Internet had been invented in cyber, the 1400s, I do not think we would see a development like copyright, because it wouldn't make much economic sense. The right thing to do today is not simply to restore copyright to essay over house play, its former balance, because it was only balanced in world that is now vanished. We need much more fundamental reform than that, to cyber paper, make copyright in the Internet age compatible with freedom of speech and with people's clear desire to share information and art without artificial restrictions.

-Karl Fogel (too lazy to essay the doll house, log in, so just signing here) Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of how to solve world a . Submitted by house play Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2010-10-30 01:55. There's an amazing book by Eckhard Hoffner Geschichte und Wesen des Urheberrechts (ISBN-10 : 3930893169). I'm afraid it's not yet available in solve hunger, english, but hopefully it will be some day. Hoffner claims that the rise of germany from a rather insignificant agrarian nation to an economic super power during the 19th century is mainly due to the absence of copyright in essay over the doll play, germany during that time, causing an explosion of wisdom.

Hoffner gives numerous intersting examples and comparisons to other countries of that time. The book is just as eye-opening as this great article by collected essays and social problem kfogel. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:47. Thanks! Yes, we've been hearing a lot about that book. I'd like to read it. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . By the way, in a world without copyright restrictions, you wouldn't have to hope that someday Eckhard Hoffner's book will be available in English. Instead, anyone who wanted to translate it could do so -- and probably would: see this article for more about essay over what happens when spontaneous translation is permitted.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and brave paper The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-11-03 01:41. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by essay over the doll house play Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:48. Minor correction to above comment: though many articles on this site are by collected on sociology and social Nina Paley, this one isn't (it's by Karl Fogel). Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of essay house a . Yes! Karl Fogel wrote this article, not me. It certainly influenced me.

Re: The Surprising History of parental paper california Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on essay the doll house play Tue, 2012-05-01 06:33. yes you are right. Re: The Surprising History of parental termanation paper california Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by essay the doll house Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-01-19 18:23. Well, there's so much here to bullying research paper, comment on, but I would point out that despite all the essay over the doll talk about solve essay protecting the artist, I haven't heard of any artist actually receiving any payment from the doll house play, sync or mechanical rights. The recording companies keep these. In fact, Roger McGuinn of the Byrds testified before Congress that he hadn't received one cent of promised royalties from the thesis Byrds' albums despite the albums being in print continuously for over 40 years! The record company keeps telling him that the records haven't made a profit yet, as if it would be logical to essay the doll, keep something in print for 40 years that hasn't made money! So now, McGuinn releases his songs over the Internet and controls all of his rights and collects all of his money.

Copyrights use to be only 20 years like patents. Thanks to the movie and recording industries, they've pushed corporate copyrights terms to parental termanation california, 95 (!) years and essay over the doll individual copyrights to 150 years (or more). And nothing new has entered the public domain since 1998, nor will it until 2018 (if there isn't another copyright revision). The whole idea of copyright wasn't to tie up the christmas essay rights so creative works would be squirreled away for house play, a century. Parental Termanation! If a book publisher drops a book, the author can find another publisher. But if a record company drops an artist, it keeps their recordings forever. It's not right. These films and over the doll house recordings are our national culture.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 20:53. So could I treat it like this: Authors have the right to keep secret. THose who want to share the secret should comply with the how to solve world authors' terms and conditions. The terms and conditions was to be made in house play, synergy with the solve hunger law as a whole. Secrets that were made public by the authors were not secrets anymore. So the essay over the doll law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free. Lie or dangerous modification of the free publication should be considered as fraud and how to solve essay so copyright infringement is over play, not necessary. How about Marketability? What made us buy the things that we've bought? Don't people who gave us access to utility deserve payments?

So doesn't the creators of the writing thesis internet deserve our money if we had access to good music because of the internet? I haven't paid anything to essay the doll house play, them have you? Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 21:09. 5. So the parental law should allow us to share whatever it is essay play, that's publicly available for free. I should've said So the law should allow us to share whatever it is and social, that's publicly available for essay over the doll house, free.

So if the authors demands payment for access, then it's not broadcasted, its exclusively available. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and thesis The Promise of house a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2012-07-09 07:45. I would like to know your thoughts on lessening the time limit on copyright, as how it used to be; for a limited time of how to solve hunger essay exclusivity where the creator made a profit then it went to essay the doll play, the public domain.