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Build Your International CV/Resume. Resources for career growth and CV building in international development, justice and peace. Short Essay Family? Describing your professional experience. Try grouping, or 'clustering', your achievements under keyword headings - transferable skills and competencies - which are used in the target job or field. Avoid long lists of unconnected achievements - find a way to connect them to well known and widely used competencies or areas of expertise.
There is nothing more off-putting then a random list of a small good topics bullet points. There are also personal advantages in having a 'long CV' which is for your eyes only. It gives you an opportunity to find out who you are professionally without the pressure of completing an application. What have you done? What have you achieved? What have you learned? What have you contributed to?
What are your key skills? What do you want to do next? This preparatory thinking is essential in career planning and management. * Many or most applications are 'screened' first for keywords and basic qualifications which appear in the job advertisement. Make sure that these words appear in your application. Remember that useful keywords might appear in the screening questions as well as the vacancy announcement. Before adapting your PHP for an application, study the short of my family vacancy announcement and note the 10-15 most important keywords which should be included in your PHP and cover letter. If you have any experience working in the field, even for a limited period, make sure this is essay clearly described in your PHP and cover letter. Such experience is increasingly valued in the UN and related organisation such as UNICEF, who direct over 85% of their resources to field operations.
Work in essay family, conflict zones, emergency situations and highly challenged development contexts warrant significant mention in your PHP. Also, indicate if you are currently on writing paper any 'stand-by' rosters for rapid deployment such as the essay family Justice Rapid Response (JRR) roster or a national reserve corps. Mention also any training you have received about working in the field, such as security training or negotiation skills. Most UN activity takes place through programmes or funds with particular mandates to resume de vipere, provide technical assistance, humanitarian relief or specialised aid, or a professional service such as legal advice or capacity building. Project/programme management skills are increasingly valued and sought after. If you have any experience managing or coordinating a project which involved needs assessment, resource planning, budgeting, implementation, and evaluation, make sure that you describe this experience in short essay of my, your PHP. Good Thing Essay Topics? If you have lots of project experience, choose the ones which are most relevant to the target job and of my family which have the essay global clearest outcomes. Short Essay Family? Fund-raising is an increasingly valued area of expertise throughout the non-profit and civil affairs sector, but especially at the international level where donors play such a major role. Skills in this area, including bid and proposal writing, are increasingly desirable in vacancy announcements.
Look out for essay, keywords in vacancies such as 'Donor Relations' and 'Stakeholder Management' and use them to structure achievements in family, your PHP if you have the right experience, however small. All organisations place great value on 'communication skills'. Au? But what do these skills actually mean in practice? In each job there will be particular communication demands. Identifying these in each job might give your PHP an short essay of my edge. All international organisations, from the smallest field office to the largest UN agency, involve teamwork, usually in multi-cultural, multi-faith and often multi-disciplinary teams. Examples of good thing topics successful teamwork and short of my family collaboration can prove to service essay, be useful additions to your PHP. Short? In practically all jobs, there will be required technology.
This may be a basic set of tools such as 'Microsoft Office' or something more technically specific such as analytical or accounting software. Depending on the job, make your IT knowledge clear in your PHP and avoid general statements such as 'I have good ICT skills' or 'I am able to learn new technology'. Remember that some specialised software and databases may be custom-made for organisations, but in bibliography, reality are similar to essay family, systems available elsewhere. For any jobs involving administration and data management, always indicate the software you are familiar with, even if it is not exactly the same as that listed in the vacancy. Consider creating a cluster under certain jobs in your professional history titled 'Technical Knowledge' if the application form does not give you space to describe your IT skills, as with the UN Inspira. If you are just setting out on your career, make good use of your studies and any projects which involved teamwork and collaboration, especially in an international sphere.
Give examples of skills which you were able to writing history thesis, learn quickly to essay, show your flexibility and ability to adapt. If you have done an internship, focus on the skills and knowledge you developed through your experience, and a small essay topics mention any positive feedback from family, supervisors or mentors which highlights particular contributions. The UN and other international organisations are popular employers and receive hundreds of thousands of applications for good thing, jobs and internships every year. When considering working at the international level, remember that you will always have rivals, including people who are equally - or better - qualified than you. Family? This is bibliography online a fact of life. The market for UN and IO jobs is potentially the whole world. Short Of My Family? As the UN and IO job market becomes more mobile and flexible, with regular upsizing and essay questions downsizing of operations meaning short-term contracts rather than permanent jobs, international careers will become more fluid and less predictable.
Maintaining good links with your 'home' country (or countries) may become essential in essay family, developing your career. * Most PHP job history sections include separate boxes for start/end dates (sometimes including months), names of ascii format resume employers and family supervisors, official job titles, salaries etc. Make sure that these boxes are filled in and are accurate. Keep a record offline of the data. Essay Questions Global Issues? Keep your list of family references updated (check email addresses and phone numbers regularly) and let your references know that you are applying for paper thesis, jobs.
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Persuasive Essay On The Driving Age To 18 Essays and Research Papers. English as a Second Language Stage 1 Task 3 Written Text Production: Essay (Research) Due date: Friday week 11 Name : Anna . Student no : 502561 Teacher : Bronwen Mitchell Date : 15.04.2011 The huge number of car crashes caused by young drivers is an issue which is now being strongly debated in Australia. According to the new research released on 7 April 2010 by Carhistory.com.au, Australia’s most comprehensive vehicle history website, one in ten Australian teenagers have. Accidents , Adolescence , Australia 1155 Words | 4 Pages. Drinking and short of my family, Driving Persuasive Essay. Drinking and paper thesis, Driving Persuasive Essay Comm215 July 12, 2010 Drinking and Driving Each . year numerous lives are lost due to careless and irrational driving . The disregard for safe driving has been a predicament to the United States of short essay of my, America for years.
Many years Police have relied heavily on speed cameras, breathalyzer tests and heavy fines as a deterrent against tutoring community service, unlawful drivers. Over the short essay of my years fatality rates have increased, so the Department of Transportation and Highway Safety has. Accident , Alcohol law , Drinking culture 862 Words | 3 Pages. Essay : should young people be allowed to history paper, drive before the age of 18 ? People are discussing the short essay . Questions Issues? driving age for teenagers. I don’t know why we should lower it. I think its important to keep it at 18 years of age . possibility of parents losing control over their children, the essay family immaturity of teenagers, and the history of the resume de vipere au teenagers' accidents and deaths are the main reasons. Statistics show that people under 18 are more likely to die than older people When teenagers under 18 take driving. Adolescence , Car safety , Chauffeur 1213 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay—Cell Phones and essay of my family, Driving.
Persuasive Essay —Cell phones and driving Suzy Campbell Title Balancing my coffee on essay questions global issues, my left leg, eating a . donut with my right hand, using my cell phone with my left hand, driving with my right knee and having a conversation with a friend at the same time are surprisingly enough all legal, as long as they don’t interfere with my driving . While all these distractions can potentially interfere with my driving , the one most people often notice is the use of short of my, cell phones. Although using cell phones. Bluetooth , Cellular network , GSM 1015 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative essay on legal driving age. Ellis Driving for many teenagers is there first passage to essay questions global, freedom, nothing is more exciting to many teens than becoming the legal . age to drive. Short Essay Of My? In the United States, most states legal age limits are set somewhere between 15 to 17 yrs old, each state having there own licensing process often with some type of probationary period before teens can obtain a full license.
Recently law makers in paper, Florida, Georgia, Delaware, Illinois, and short essay family, Massachusetts have debated raising the ascii legal driving age . Many of. Chauffeur , Driver's education , Driver's license 791 Words | 4 Pages. 2 Drinking Age : 21 or 18 ? Some of the most overlooked types of drugs are those that are legal. Of My Family? Specifically, alcohol is writing paper thesis, one of . the most widely used drugs in the world, and yet, many people don’t think of this substance upon hearing the word “drug.” This drug contributes to significantly more deaths than some illegal drugs such as marijuana (which has not been reported to short family, cause any deaths), and yet alcohol is still legal. On the flipside, alcohol is resume de vipere au, outlawed for minors under the age of 21, while. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 1419 Words | 5 Pages.
irrational driving . Essay Of My Family? The disregard for safe driving has been a predicament to Queensland for years. For many years? police have . relied heavily on speed cameras, breathe testing and heavy fines as a deterrent against unlawful drivers. Over the years fatality rates have increased, so Queensland Transport has composed a series of safe driving campaigns. On many occasions the a small thing essay transport department informs and advises the short essay of my family public about the importance of responsible driving . They propagate safe driving through. Accident , Chopper Read , Defensive driving 1054 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay -Raise the Driving License Age to Eighteen.
Writing an Argumentative Essay Q. Statistics show that newly licensed teenage boys cause a higher number of serious automobile accidents . Resume De Vipere? than any other group. It is evident that many young men are too reckless and impulsive to be good drivers.To protect the larger society, the age at which a boy can earn his license should be raised to eighteen. Raise the short essay of my Driving License Age to Eighteen Throughout the history, people have always wanted what they can’t have. So is desire. Adolescence , Automobile , Car safety 1107 Words | 3 Pages. 101 Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. Morton Whether you are a student in need of a persuasive essay . topic, or a teacher looking to assign a persuasive essay , this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource.
I taxed my brain to create this huge list of resume, persuasive essay topics relevant to today's society, but I believe I am happy with the results. I appreciate any and all comments or feedback. 1. 2. 3. 4. Short? 5. Essay Topics? 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Essay? 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18 . 19.
20. 21. 22. Questions Global? 23. Short Essay Family? 24. College , Education , Fast food 1228 Words | 4 Pages. Should We Raise The Driving Age To 18? ?Should We Raise The Driving Age To 18 ? Imagine yourself as a sixteen year-old. You just got your driver's . Tutoring Essay? license, and short essay of my family, are going to go cruising with your friends to celebrate. However, at about ten o'clock, your attention isn't on the road, and you crash into another vehicle.
Two of your friends die on scene, and your other friend is seriously injured. For thousands of teens each year, this is a reality. Sixteen year-old drivers are three times more likely to crash than seventeen year. Accidents , Automobile , Crash 834 Words | 1 Pages. Driving Age Some people are discussing the driving age for teenagers. How it should be raised or . lowered. I am going to explore both sides and in the end choose one for my self.
The different sides include; Keep the a small good age the same, lowering it, and raising it, of just making it to where you can get your permit earlier but still drive at 16. The age for short, driving could change over the next couple of years, so there will be positive and negative consequences. If we keep the age at 16 and not change. Adolescence , Change , Crash 1001 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- How to Write a Persuasive (Argumentative) Essay Rating: 5.0 A . Bibliography Online Source? persuasive essay is a form of academic writing that is family, built around a certain argument.
Persuasive essays are thus also called argumentative essays . In this type of academic paper, the writer aims to persuade the reader to accept the writer’s point of view, using certain persuasive techniques to prove the thing topics point and short essay, convince the ascii format resume reader. Short Essay? Therefore, a successful persuasive essay requires following certain rules. Argument , Essay , Essays 2196 Words | 6 Pages. High School and Persuasive Essay Topics. 101 Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. Morton Whether you are a student in online, need of a persuasive essay . topic, ora teacher looking to assign a persuasive essay , this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource.
I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to today's society, but I believe I am happy withthe results. Family? I appreciate any and all comments or feedback. 1. Should students be allowed to have cell phones in elementary and a small good, high schools. College , Education , Fast food 1105 Words | 4 Pages. LEGALLY RAISING THE DRIVING AGE IN THE UNITED STATES TO 18 1 Legally Raising the . Driving Age in the United States to 18 and Reducing the Teenage Driving Fatalities and Accidents LEGALLY RAISING THE DRIVING AGE IN THE UNITED STATES TO 18 2 Abstract This paper explains the reasoning of short essay family, increasing the legal driving age in online source, the United States to age 18 . It gives insight into short of my family the statistics of driving fatalities among teens, allowing the teenage brain to. Adolescence , Alcohol , Driving 1324 Words | 4 Pages. Topic: Increasing the driving age to 18 Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that making the . driving age 18 is a safer requirement for young teens. Thesis: Changing the resume de vipere au driving age to family, 18 will reduce driving fatalities and accidents, make our system more efficient (similar to Germany's laws in driving ), and reduce our gas and ascii resume, insurance prices.
Introduction A week before my 16th birthday after hours of of my family, begging and pleading, my mom finally took me out to practice my driving skills. I enjoyed. Automobile , Brain , Driver's education 842 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay on Cell Phone Driving. usage while driving should be made illegal everywhere to make the roads safer. Many studies have indicated that driving . while talking on a cell phone leads to more accidents. Global? Given that fact, there is no reason not to short essay of my family, legislate against a small essay, talking on a cell phone and driving at essay the same time. It's rare that anyone would need to make a phone call that could not wait until they had the opportunity to pull off the road. Essay Global Issues? If everyone would ignore their cell phones while they are driving , the roads would. Bluetooth , Cellular network , Distraction 1087 Words | 5 Pages. Chana Mushka Kalmanson Persuasive Essay November 26, 2012 Physical Education is a Necessity Schools are struggling with . the issue of family, whether physical education classes (“PE”) are a necessity or are an extra-curricular.
However, PE is and good, must be an absolute necessity. Essay Family? It is integral to writing history, the comprehensive school experience, both academically and socially. As such, it is vital that physical education classes be incorporated into the curriculum, regardless of grade. High school students. College , Exercise , Grammar school 868 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay The idea of a doll who is supposed to teach my child and of my family, she what a cute young girl looks like, would you . think it would be dress to a parents idea of cute? The Bratz Dolls are unbelievably dressed and constructed. Writing History Paper? There has recently been much controversy over family these dolls in my home town. Ascii Format Resume? It was a young Childs birthday party; she received a Bratz Doll as a present for her party. The following is the story that was written on what happened after the of my family mother opened the gift and.
Barbie , Bratz , Bratz Babyz 860 Words | 3 Pages. Kevin Morris 22 March 2012 Audience: Professor Kevin Morris Changing the Driving Age Should Not Be Raised It should come . as no surprise that when the issue of whether or not the driving age should be raised is brought up, most people will argue that it should. Ascii Format? If these same individuals were to take a look at some of the essay of my family facts on this issue, their minds might be up for a change. The issue of raising the driving age has been a topic of discussion for many years because most of the writing paper thesis evidence is. Chauffeur , Commercial driver's license , Driver's education 1272 Words | 4 Pages. Increasing the Driving Age to 18 Years of short essay of my family, Age According to recent statistics collected by Stats . Canada, there are approximately 160 000 road accidents in Canada each year.
Information recorded by de vipere the Transportation Safety Board of Canada states that of these 160 000 road accidents, there are approximately 2850 fatalities. Of these fatalities, over essay family 5000 are predominantly teenagers aged 16-20, who are relatively new drivers. Furthermore, 400 000 drivers of the same age category are seriously injured. Adolescence , Automobile , Driver's education 885 Words | 3 Pages. raise the driving age to 18 years old has been a touchy subject on every level of the spectrum; from State Highway . Safety Association to teenagers and bibliography, everybody in between. Although everyone has some degree of approval that raising the short of my family driving age would be a good idea no one has really put forth the effort to actually have it come to essay questions issues, pass. Of My Family? This has lead to the ongoing debate of whether it should even be a consideration anymore.
There are several reasons that establishing the driving age at 18 is good essay, a legitimate. 1916 , 1920 , 1922 1893 Words | 5 Pages. The Drinking Age Be Lowered to 18. The drinking age be lowered to 18 Alcohol is the drug of essay of my family, choice among America's adolescents, used by more young people than . tobacco or illicit drugs. [T]here are 10.1 million underage drinkers in the United States. 39% of current 8th graders, 58% of 10th graders, 72% of 12th graders, and 85% of college students have tried alcohol.” -The National Institutes of Health (NIH) wrote in their fact sheet titled Underage Drinking on report.nih.gov. De Vipere? Apparently keeping the drinking age at 21 is not. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Amethyst Initiative 1337 Words | 4 Pages. ?Kristi Patterson WR-115 Fall 2010 Mr. Carver Legal Minimum Drinking Age 18 75% of essay of my, students have consumed alcohol by the . end of their high school career (Clapp, 288).
Prohibiting the sale of liquor to young adults ages 18 -20 creates an uncontrolled atmosphere where alcohol abuse has come to the point of de vipere, being fatal. Young adults cannot learn how to drink safely and in moderations in these uncontrolled environments that the law has lead them into. Short Essay Family? We have seen what happens when drinking is banned. Alcohol abuse , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1210 Words | 6 Pages. COM 101 Argumentative Speech Legal Driving Age Raised I. Questions Global Issues? To vote you have to be 18 , to buy cigarettes . you have to be 18 , and to short essay, buy alcohol you have to be 21. So why is it that teenagers are able to drive at such a young age ? Driving should be one of the ascii format resume privileges and responsibilities of adulthood. Short Of My? While some may say, it prepares them for adulthood and it’s essential for young people to have the ability to travel for their livelihood. But every year the same headlines occur, “High. Automobile , Car safety , Chauffeur 543 Words | 3 Pages. English Composition I Persuasive Essay – Assignment 8-A Dear Editor, In a society with ever evolving technology comes new . Good? concerns.
With the short introduction of the cell phone and texting the risk to the driver has increased ten folds. The driver no longer just has to just worry about the inexperienced driver and the drunk driver, but now must be concerned with the new threat of distracted driver’s texting while operating motor vehicles. Texting while driving should be illegal as it poses many. Automobile , Cellular network , Distraction 877 Words | 3 Pages. Evan Bennett November 4, 2010 Persuasive Essay Gay discrimination is a major problem that affects individuals all across the . country.
The Defense of resume au, Marriage Act needs to be repealed. First, the Defense against Marriage Act will be explained and then why it needs to be repealed, then the essay family effects the issues law has on short essay of my, society. Tutoring Community Service? The federal government needs to short essay of my, give same sex couples the same health benefits that heterosexual couples receive. Currently, the government offers employees benefits such as health. Bisexuality , Bullying , Discrimination 881 Words | 3 Pages. Legalizing the Drinking Age to 18. Legalizing the bibliography online Drinking Age to 18 When people turn to essay of my family, the age of eighteen, they are finally considered an adult. Good Topics? . They can join the army, have the right to vote, buy cigarettes or tobacco products, get a tattoo and even die for our country, but they aren’t allowed to buy alcohol? A person can be responsible enough to live on his or her own, make money, pay bills, and short essay, yet they are not old enough to purchase or consume any type of de vipere, alcohol. Essay Of My Family? Underage drinking has been a major controversial issue for. Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 1624 Words | 5 Pages.
?Andrew Martin MPS 586 8/23/1013 INTRODUCTION My research topic will concern raising the questions issues legal driving age in short of my family, Illinois from . 16 to 18 . Over the past few years, teen driving habits have been closely studied and history paper, driving fatalities among adolescents have been risen more and more every year. In fact, the largest proportion of adolescent injuries and fatalities are due to motor vehicle accidents, most are due to the influence of peers, drugs, and/or alcohol. (Digest, 2008). More than 5,000 teenagers. Adolescence , Automobile , Brain 1673 Words | 8 Pages. victim of inexperienced teenage driving who adds to the high statistics on short, casualties resulting from inefficient laws. According to the teen . Bibliography? driving statistics that are provided by the insurance companies, 16 year-olds are three times more likely to die in a motor vehicle crash than individuals who fall within the range of the average age of all drivers. Therefore, I think the legal driving age should be raised to 18 . Of My? One thing I've found is that it isn't necessarily the age , but that they are inexperienced. Adolescence , Automobile , Driver's education 755 Words | 2 Pages. Research Paper Raising Driving Age to 18 In the 13 July, 2011 USA Today newspaper article by William Van . Tassel, manager of AAA’s driver training program, says that, “ Teens do continue to drive distracted even when they recognize the dangers,” According to essay questions, the teen driving statistics that are provided by the CDC, about 3,000 teens died in auto accidents in short essay, 2009 and 350,000 were treated for writing history paper, injuries. For all those reasons, I think the legal driving age should be raised to 18 from 16.
One shocking. Adolescence , Driver's education , Driver's license 822 Words | 2 Pages. Debate Case Outline Affirmative Side of the Case First Affirmative Constructive Speech . Resolved; The legal driving age in of my, New Hampshire should be changed to 18 in the US. I will now define unclear terms Legal Driving Age Established or founded upon writing history paper thesis, law. NeurologicalThe medical science that deals with the brain and the disorders affecting it. Gray Matter Grey nerve tissue in the brain that when developed controls things like how we make choices. Cognitive Skills (Cognitive skills include things like memory. Accidents , Adolescence , Automobile 1453 Words | 3 Pages. Should the Driving Age Be Raised to 18?
older kids to get the driver license at the age of 16? Maybe they do it because they have not really focus that all types of crashing accidents . teenagers are the more involve than any older people. Alcohol and No Seat belt are the factors more mentioned in all car accidents. For the fallowing reasons, the driving age should be raised to 18 , Safety and short essay of my family, financial problems will get better. The first reason should be because financi the driving be raised to 18 years old is resume de vipere, because teenagers have more. Automobile , Driver's education , Driver's license 475 Words | 2 Pages. Raising the Driving Age to 18 In the essay world today one of the most exciting parts of growing up is getting your . driver’s license.
Everyone counts on getting their sweet 16 car and license, but is that really the important part? Well yes as all teenagers would say. Resume Au? Even though it comes to losing their life because of inexperience, and immaturity on the road. Short? There are lots of reasons why the driving age should be raised. ”All 50 states prohibit 16-year-olds from drinking alcohol, buying cigarettes. Adolescence , Automobile , Driver's education 721 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay Maurice R. McKenzie Comm/215 August 23, 2012 Dr. Robert Hobson Introduction A universal healthcare . plan would lower the a small thing essay overall healthcare cost and make it affordable for more people. The Obamacare, addresses key issues that are beneficial to short, the majority and not the au rich minority population.
The plan focus on affordable insurance for more people, coverage for short essay of my, children with pre-existing conditions, and online source, requiring business with fifty or more employees to short of my, offer health insurance. Health , Health care , Health economics 794 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Medelin Ocasio COMM/215 Essentials of Collage Writing January 29, 2013 Instructor Beverly Raznoff . Persuasive Essay In the future; university education would be free? A few days ago my daughter asked me why people pay for writing history paper, our college education if everyone can help the society. Immediately flowed many questions in my mind and realized that her inquietude was true. Essay Of My? Education is the key to success. At different stages of resume de vipere au, my life I have heard this phrase. Academic degree , College , Education 827 Words | 5 Pages. Persuasive Speech Plan: Driving While Texting. Persuasive Speech Plan Topic: Texting while driving is dangerous to short family, you and others.
General Purpose: To persuade . Community? Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience not to drive and text. When I have finished my speech, my audience will be able to see why driving and of my family, texting is dangerous to bibliography source, themselves as well as others. Short Of My Family? Central Idea: Persuade others not to text and drive because it is very dangerous. Persuasive Proposition: (Statement of Fact, Value, or Policy) Statement of fact and. Causality , Cerebrum , Cognition 992 Words | 4 Pages. ? Driving age 18 Why should the legal driving age not be eighteen? I believe that the . Resume Au? driving age should be raised to eighteen. Some teens have no reason to family, be driving , some have a lack of bibliography source, experience, and most of them are not even mature yet.
Also, teens get into more car accidents than anyone in a different age . First or all, teens have no reason to be driving , some have nowhere to family, go. Paper Thesis? When teenagers become eighteen they probably might have a job or they will probably be buying groceries or. Adolescence , Chauffeur , Driver's education 484 Words | 2 Pages. the Drinking Age to 18 in the United States While it may seem to some, drinking at age eighteen is frowned upon. . It is actually true that many people between the ages of 18 and 20 drink alcohol illegally without any sense of essay of my, guilt. On July 17, 1984, a law was established in the United States that impacted a large number of issues, America’s youth. The indicated law was the National Minimum Drinking Age Act. Legal drinking ages were originally determined by each state.
Many states kept the age at twenty one. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 931 Words | 3 Pages. on your eighteenth birthday, it does not include the legal consumption of alcohol. This is because in essay, the United States the legal drinking age . is twenty-one years old. The legal drinking age is an argument that is often debated and I believe that the legal drinking age should be lowered to eighteen years of age . In the au United States, the legal drinking age has been debated for years. According to the United States, when a child turns eighteen they are considered an short, adult in this country. They. Alcohol , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1767 Words | 5 Pages. The minimum drinking age and essay, the concerns of the effects of alcohol started in America during the Prohibition Era. In the short essay family article “Teaching . Bibliography Online? With Documents: The Volstead Act and Related Prohibition Documents,” the short essay of my family author states that concerns of the effects of alcohol were preached fanatically in the early 20th century.
Temperance organizations such as The American Temperance Society, the questions issues Women’s Christian Temperance Union, and the Anti-Saloon League were formed for one purpose, to ratify the Constitution. Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism , Drinking culture 1376 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay Laziness in America By Greg Hill Comp 2 America today is a very lazy place; people have become too . Essay Of My Family? accustomed to their ways and will not even consider what it is doing to them. Everyone constantly praises our wonderful technology; what they don’t realize is community service, what our tech has done to essay family, us. As we depend more and writing paper thesis, more on short essay of my family, gadgets to do things for au, us we lose ourselves to apathy and short family, our personal interests completely forgetting the common good. When it becomes so easy to satisfy our. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 1046 Words | 3 Pages. Editorial: Raising Legal Driving Age. one that I have decided to essay, write about in short of my, this editorial, are the a small essay various legal ages that you have here in short family, America.
There is one . age for community service, drinking, one for driving , one for joining the military, etc. Now, in short essay of my, this editorial I am going to be focusing on the fact that you can be as young as 16 to get a drivers license in tutoring community essay, this country. Why is it that the US government allows young kids, because that is what you are at the age of 16, the enormous responsibility of of my family, managing a vehicle and being personally. Adolescence , Automobile , Chauffeur 1058 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Erica Crawley COMM215 August 10, 2014 University of Phoenix Running head: PERSUASIVE . Source? ESSAY 1 PERSUASIVE ESSAY 2 Persuasive Essay Many people can benefit from joining the short family Military service for a lot of different reasons. Some joined for the pay, to serve their country and some do it for the experience. There are many reason people join the United States Army. Some other reasons to join the bibliography source Army could be job security, education benefits, health insurance benefits, life. Ernest McFarland , G.I. Bill , Health insurance 779 Words | 3 Pages.
Dakota Vaughn Mrs. Kachurak Eng. Short Essay Of My? 102-001 2-4-2013 Lower the Drinking Age : End America’s Addiction Although alcohol has been around . for quite some time, it has recently begun to pose a problem in resume, the past few decades, specifically in America. Essay? Terrible alcohol related incidences occur every day in America and writing paper, can be so easily avoided if the proper laws and information are applied. Short Essay Family? Alcohol consumption, especially in the case of underage drinking, is one of the most crippling problems in the. Alcohol , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1529 Words | 5 Pages. Teenage Driving - A persuasive essay for imposing tougher restrictions on teen drivers. WITH bibliography. Teenage Driving Teenage driving has become an increasingly controversial topic over the past decade.
Many politicians and adults . Online? are fighting for of my, stricter driver's license requirements and history paper, a higher legal driving age . Busy mothers and essay of my, soon-to-be drivers argue that things are fine just the way they are. However, when the nation's leading cause of death for ascii format, teens age 15 to 20 is traffic accidents, things can hardly be considered fine. The need for change is short of my, obvious. Resume? Something must be done to save the. Adolescence , Chauffeur , Driver's education 946 Words | 3 Pages. Typography and Political Persuasive Essay. Political Persuasive Essay Overview: The political persuasive essay is an opportunity for you . to take a stand on a political issue which concerns you. You will research a controversial issue and defend your position on it using the short of my family evidence you have discovered.
Attach important research articles which contributed to bibliography, your essay (1-2 page selections). Topic Suggestions: |Abortion | |Pledge of Allegiance . Law , Political philosophy , Political science 554 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay COMM/215 Legalize Marijuana This essay will be about the legal issues of marijuana. The . California government chooses to have a vote in short of my family, California and other states and it passed the vote, now the tutoring service federal government is trying to shut down dispensaries in essay, the state. Even though California passed the thesis vote in 1996 to essay of my, allow the history use of medical marijuana for medical use, the drug is still illegal under federal law.
According to essay of my family, federal law, any amount found on ascii format, a person is a misdemeanor. Cannabis , Domestic violence , Global Marijuana March 963 Words | 3 Pages. Argument Essay Changing Drinking Age to of my, 18. Manny Talavera English ARGUMENT ESSAY When you are eighteen years old you have multiple responsibilities. Everyone who is eighteen . is seen as a responsible, mature young adult.
If eighteen year olds are portrayed as responsible and mature adults then why can’t they buy or consume alcohol? The alcoholic drinking age should be lowered to de vipere, age eighteen because at that age you are responsible, mature, and it will help send the right message. Short Of My? Society states that eighteen year olds can not. Adolescence , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 816 Words | 3 Pages. Writing assignment seriesPersuasive or argumentative essaysIn persuasive or argumentative writing, we try to convince othersto agree with our . facts, share our values,accept our argument and conclusions,and adopt our way of history, thinking.Elements toward building a good persuasive essay include establishing factsto support an argument clarifying relevant valuesfor your audience (perspective) prioritizing, editing, and/or sequencingthe facts and short of my, values in importance to build the resume argument . Argument , Conclusion , Logic 691 Words | 3 Pages. license would be amazing because of so many things you can do when you drive. Learning to drive may be fun, but you also need to be really safe. You have to . be precautious whenever you’re driving . Of My? Once, a bad car accident happened when me and my parents where in essay questions issues, the car, on our way to Reno. Family? My mom was driving , and we were near the mountains. She has never driven there before, so she just went along reading the signs. We knew it was going to good thing essay topics, be icy, and we had to be careful.
When we were going downhill. 2007 singles , Automobile , Driver's license 1254 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Craig Harper Comm/215 Essentials of College Writing September 19, 2012 Richard Cammarota . Persuasive Essay Crime is on the rise throughout America and short of my, it is happening at alarming rate. Writing Paper Thesis? The offenders are getting younger and younger and they seem to short of my family, have no respect for a small good, other people property or values. Violent crimes is on the rise and the offenders getting younger and creating homelessness.
This is just part of what I want to discuss in short essay family, my essay . Format Resume? . Bloods , Crime , Criminology 772 Words | 3 Pages. Driving age should not be raised Vroom, vroom! The first time behind the wheel alone--exciting, nerve-racking, free. No parents . or instructors, just yourself and the car; all decisions are solely made by short essay family you. Are you ready, are you. old enough? The discussion of keeping the minimum driving age at 16 or raising it to essay global issues, 21 revolves around generic maturity, but there is more than just that to essay of my family, look at. After reviewing all pros and cons, the de vipere au minimum age for being allowed to operate motor vehicles should. Chauffeur , Commercial driver's license , Driver's education 812 Words | 3 Pages. Should U.S. Short Of My? States Raise the Driving Age ? Teenagers worldwide view the privilege of driving as a coming of . age ritual. Recently, the source Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has called upon states to raise the driving age from sixteen to essay of my family, seventeen, or possibly even eighteen years old.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, or IIHS, is a research group funded by the auto insurance industry. Research by the IIHS has shown that car crashes are the de vipere leading cause of death amongst teenagers. Adolescence , Automobile , Car safety 937 Words | 3 Pages. ? bcom/215 Persuasive Essay At least 11% of women smoke during pregnancy. Many of these . women smoke without knowing the significant negative effects smoking has on their babies before, during, and after the short family pregnancy. When a woman smokes during pregnancy, she exposes her baby to essay issues, dangerous chemicals such as tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, and other poisonous chemicals that travels through the bloodstream and goes directly to the baby.
Nicotine restricts the oxygen. Acute respiratory distress syndrome , Breastfeeding , Childbirth 788 Words | 3 Pages. Those are the types of arguments the proponents for the eighteen drinking age will generally give, but there is more to consider when it comes . to the topic of alcohol. Of My? In an article published in The Los Angeles Times, Shari Roan explains the pros and cons of the drinking age . She states that “… [there are] approximately 1,700 alcohol related deaths in the United States among college students each year” and bibliography source, if the drinking age gets set to eighteen, this number is more than likely to rise. Alcohol. Alcohol , Alcohol abuse , Alcohol law 1126 Words | 3 Pages.
Persuasive Essay Ryan Murphy COMM/215 March 6, 2013 Gary Christiansen Persuasive Essay . Essay Of My? Sequester, what is bibliography online, it? How did we get here? Who is at fault? These are the thing we will discuss. Short Essay? Recently a lot of au, people have been in an uproar over sequester and the spending cuts that will automatically take place. What most people fail to understand is that this is essay of my family, not something that happened overnight it has loomed over us for months and our government has failed to take appropriate action to prevent. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , George W. Bush 980 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay Raquel Daniel COMM/215 Essentials of College Writing July 7, 2011 Cassundra Flemister-White . Persuasive Essay Gangs Gangs are killing our upcoming generations. De Vipere Au? Gangs have always been around for many years and of my family, they are still growing. They are becoming more violent now because they are using more than just their body parts to beat up people. These gangs are killing and tutoring community service essay, raping people.
It used to be about colors and different language but now it is about something different. Bloods , Crime , Gang 921 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive essay to your Employer Maria Cummings-Pinole Comm. /105 May 22, 2010 Margaret Fletcher Persuasive . essay to your Employer Tuition reimbursement program is one thing that every company should consider to offer to their employees. The program will not only benefit employees but the company as well. Companies who offer this program are usually at an upper hand over a company that does not offer it. Three advantages for short, a company that offer tuition reimbursement program are, more knowledge. Commerce , Company , Employment 960 Words | 3 Pages. Why the Driving Age Should Be Raised. The Reasons Why the Age Limit Should Be Raised to 18 for Full Driving Privileges The national . Format? driving age should be raised from 16 to 18 because it threatens not only our children but also other innocent people on the road. Short Of My Family? Statistics show that teenagers, especially sixteen year olds have more car accidents then drivers of any other age . Teenagers do not have the resume de vipere same risk assessment skills that adults have.
I know from bitter experience that 16 and short essay of my, 17 year olds lack the experience and. Adolescence , Car safety , Driver's education 1487 Words | 4 Pages. Why the Driving Age Should Not Be Raised. deciders on this one. Lund and some others want to push the age at which a person can get their first driver’s license to community service, 17 or even . 18 . Of course, it’s all about “safety.” Lund — a professional nag who heads an short essay of my, organization of nags — says that teenage drivers are a menace to themselves and essay global issues, others and wants to use the billy stick of the federal government (via withheld highway funds) to compel states to raise their legal driving age — just as the billy stick of federal money was used to impose.
Car safety , Driver's education , Driver's license 821 Words | 3 Pages.
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Short essay on my family - Important India
The Safety Data Sheet (SDS) FAQ: Regulations. For a history of Safety Data Sheets (dating back to the ancient Egyptians!), see Aaron Kaplan's presentation at essay of my family, http://jrm.phys.ksu.edu/Safety/kaplan.html. OSHA began requiring MSDS's for hazardous materials effective May 26, 1986 under 29 CFR 1910.1200, the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. With the 2012 revision of the HCS, OSHA adopted the bibliography online, Globally Harmonized System and started phasing in SDS's from 2013 through 2016. The differences between MSDS's and SDS's are discussed earlier in short of my family, this FAQ. A comparison of the 1994 and 2012 HCS is also available which strikes out the old language in red, inserts new language in green, and has additional commentary on each section. The U.S. Government's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is responsible for resume de vipere the Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200. The purpose of this standard is to short essay of my, ensure that the source, hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are classified, and that information concerning the classified hazards is short essay, transmitted to employers and de vipere employees.
The requirements of short essay of my family this section are intended to be consistent with the provisions of the format, United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of short essay family Chemicals (GHS), Revision 3. The transmittal of information is to be accomplished by means of comprehensive hazard communication programs, which are to include container labeling and essay global issues other forms of warning, safety data sheets and employee training. The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) specifies the essay of my, required elements that must be on a small good essay topics an SDS among other important data. It is a very readable document, and we suggest that anyone involved with SDS management print out a hard copy for future reference. Note that under the HCS, an SDS can contain more information than that required by OSHA, but not less. Other regulations address SDS's as well. Of My? For example, the U. S. Government's Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Community Right to de vipere au, Know Law (SARA Title III) is another set of regulations you'll want to consult. State and Local Agencies. Any number of state and local regulations may (redundantly) require SDS's. Such regulations lie outside the scope of essay family this FAQ. If you are uncertain as to which laws apply to you, contact both your state and federal EPA and OSHA compliance (not enforcement!) offices.
Regulations similar to OSHA's are found in virtually every country, but these tend to vary slightly. Consult the GHS and International section of this FAQ for more information. Federal OSHA, as a federal agency, does not have jurisdiction over those employed by resume de vipere, state, county, city or municipal governments. However, several state plans do cover such public sector employment (as indicated in the quote below, New York is one such state). Quoting federal OSHA: States with approved plans must adopt standards identical or comparable to Federal standards [to get federal safety and health funding] . Short Of My Family? Under its OSHA-approved State plan and in accordance with Section 27-a of the PESH Act, New York adopts and enforces occupational safety and health standards in the public sector which are identical to OSHA's.
New York has adopted and is enforcing a Fire Protection Standard in the public sector which is a small good thing, identical to Federal OSHA's. Therefore, public schools must comply with the same Fire Protection Standard as private schools, but the standard is promulgated and of my family enforced by the State. [See the full text here] Thus, the key consideration for public sector workers is online, federal OSHA versus state OSHA. When the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 created OSHA, Section 18 allowed for states to come up with their own individual state plans. These state plans are monitored by federal OSHA and must at of my family, least meet the federal standards. Many go beyond the federal standards. There are currently 26 state plan states in addition to Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands.
See http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/osp/index.html for more information on how state plans work and which ones have standards that differ from bibliography online source, federal OSHA's as well as a state plan FAQ. Other states have adopted non-federally funded safety and health programs that cover their state or certain counties, cities or municipalities, so just because your state is not on the list mentioned above, it doesn't mean that OSHA regulations (or their equivalents) are not in essay of my, place! In addition, state or local Right-To-Know laws may (or may not) include specific hazard communications type requirements (such as SDS). And, of course, SARA Title III also covers SDS's. Regardless of the state/federal coverage, your employer's insurance carrier may stipulate that your workplace meet OSHA standards even if they are not required to statute. Writing Paper Thesis? And, of course, from a legal liability standpoint meeting (or exceeding) OSHA standards is probably a good idea. Bottom line: If you're not sure what laws are applicable in your situation, especially if you work for a public agency, contact your local OSHA compliance office; they might be able to direct you to appropriate agencies. The HazCom standard does not specify a minimum amount, for good reason.
Some chemicals are exceedingly dangerous in even milligram quantities while others are not. There is no way that the Standard could anticipate and determine the potentially toxic effects of over 114,000,000 known chemical compounds (as of June 2016) and their mixtures. Safety Emporium carries all kinds of gas cylinder accessories to ensure you stay safe in short essay family, the workplace. The only exception for this is when the material can release only a very small quantities, i.e. a trace amount of hazardous chemical under normal conditions of use or a forseeable emergency. That does not mean a small amount. For example, in an OSHA Interpretation titled Release of hazardous chemicals from gas calibration bottles, OSHA says that 2 ounces of bibliography ammonia requires an of my family SDS. When trying to make a case for trace amount, one has to consider if it is possible for an individual to format, be exposed to an amount of material that could cause harm. In the case above, an individual could conceivably release the short family, contents of the cylinder into his/her face, causing harm. Likewise, the continuous release of just 25 ppm of bibliography source hydrogen sulfide could cause serious harm! Remember, OSHA does does not define something as hazardous in a particular amount.
Per OSHA: The HCS addresses chemical hazards which are inherent properties of the short essay of my family, hazardous chemical and would exist no matter what quantity was present in the workplace. Risk is a function of the inherent hazard and level of exposure. De Vipere? A substance either is essay, or is not a hazardous chemical; the HCS definition cannot be read to indicate that a substance could be a hazardous chemical in a small good essay topics, some concentrations but not in family, others. To summarize, an SDS is required in almost every case unless there is essentially no way that the amount of material could cause harm. Paper? For additional information see this 1993 OSHA interpretation as well as this 2005 interpretation titled Requirement to disclose all chemicals having scientific evidence that they pose a health risk regardless of concentrations present in the product on the MSDS. OSHA requires SDS's ONLY for materials that a) meet OSHA's definition of hazardous and b) are known to be present in the workplace in such a manner that employees may be exposed under normal conditions of use or in a foreseeable emergency. THE FOLLOWING ITEMS **MAY** BE EXEMPTED Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 (OSHA wording is in green). Of My Family? If a material is hazardous and global issues not listed below, then it generally requires an SDS: An article means a manufactured item: (1) which is of my, formed to a specific shape or design during manufacture (2) which has end use function(s) dependent in whole or in part upon its shape or design during end use; and (3) which does not release, or otherwise result in essay questions global, exposure to, a hazardous chemical under normal conditions of use. Any product which meets the definition of an article, would be exempt from the requirements of the short, Standard.
For example, a roll of copper electrical wire sold to a hardware store would fit this definition of an ascii format resume article and would not require an SDS. However, a load of copper ingots being shipped to a computer chip manufacturer would not meet the definition of an article and short essay family would require an SDS. The definition has been amended to ascii format, permit the release of very small quantities, e.g., minute or trace amounts of a hazardous chemical and still qualify as an article provided that a physical or health risk is not posed to the employees (59 F.R. 6146). In evaluating an essay article, one must consider the health risk which exposure to that article presents. Paper? (The term risk as opposed to short of my family, hazard is used here, since the hazard is an inherent property of the chemical and exists no matter the quantity of exposure. To be exempted as an essay article, exposure must not pose a risk to employee health.) Note that OSHA cannot make an short essay of my family across-the-board determination of a products' exclusion as an article. The standard's definition by its very wording imposes the resume au, need to family, make case-by-case evaluations. Consequently, a blanket exemption for specific products cannot be given by OSHA.
Official OSHA Interpretations. HAZCOM: Clarification of article and hazardous substance (Nov 1, 1999) Definition of an article under the hazard communication standard (Jan 27, 1993). MSDS and labeling requirements for copper or aluminum wire or metal products (Mar 11, 1986). High speed cobalt steel drill bits evaluated as a article under the Hazard Communication Standard (Oct 2, 1996). See also a discussion of articles in Appendix A of ascii format resume CPL 2-2.38D - Inspection Procedures for the Hazard Communication Standard. Exempt: Food, Food additives (colors, flavors, fragrances), Alcoholic Beverages. Food and short essay family food products are. Tutoring Service? not totally exempt from coverage under the provisions of the short family, HCS.
Exempt items generally include food or alcoholic beverages which are sold, used, or prepared in a retail establishment (such as a grocery store, restaurant, or drinking place), and foods intended for personal consumption by employees while in the workplace. HOWEVER : if, under normal conditions of use, [the] product could result in history paper thesis, a hazardous exposure situation for downstream employees who will be working with or otherwise handling that product then an essay SDS is required. For example, flour dust poses an explosion hazard and de vipere au would require an SDS. Official OSHA Interpretations. Cosmetics which are packaged for sale to consumers in a retail establishment, and essay family cosmetics intended for personal consumption by employees while in the workplace are generally exempt. Therefore, your supermarket doesn't need SDS's if they sell prepackaged cosmetics, but your local beauty salon (which uses these occupationally) or a cosmetic manufacturing plant would require SDS's. Note : The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has very little oversight over cosmetics. See FDA Authority Over Cosmetics: How Cosmetics Are Not FDA-Approved, but Are FDA-Regulated at the US FDA. Also see this New York Times article from bibliography online, August 7, 2017, For Cosmetics, Let the Buyer Beware. Official OSHA Interpretations.
MSDS requirement for occupational use of family cosmetic Gentian Violet (Mar 7, 2007). Good Topics? 29 CFR 1910.1200 as it applies to short, beauty salons (Mar 13, 1990). Application of the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) to essay questions issues, Independent beauty salon Contractors (Feb 14, 1990). Drugs regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are covered by the HCS. However, section (b)(6)(vii) of the HCS exempts FDA drugs when in solid final form, such as tablets or pills, for family direct administration to the patient. That section exempts any drug, as that term is defined in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.), when it is: in solid, final form for direct administration to the patient (e.g., tablets or pills) drugs which are packaged by the chemicalmanufacturer for sale to writing history paper, consumers in short family, a retail establishment (e.g., over-the-counter drugs) drugs intended for personal consumption by employees while in online, the workplace (e.g., first aid supplies) Examples of those needing SDS's for drugs would include pill manufacturing facilities and pharmacies (if the drug is compounded, crushed etc.). Note: Remember that SDS's are not meant for consumers.
Given the likelihood of patient confusion, most drug companies do not make their SDS's freely available to the general public. SDS's for drugs are the most difficult to find on the Internet and of my family usually require direct contact with the manufacturer. Official OSHA Interpretations. MSDS's must be provided to employees who package/process drugs for distribution into tutoring community service essay, final form if they contain hazardous chemicals. (Feb 8, 2005). The Occupational Safety and short essay family Health Administration's (OSHA) Hazard Communication Standard as they apply to veterinary drugs. (Dec 22, 1999). MSDS requirements for drugs (Oct 13, 1993). FDA regulated drugs that pose a hazard would be covered by the HCS (Sep 13, 1993).
Hazardous substances found in veterinary practices (May 5, 1993). Source? Requirement to develop MSDSs for pharmaceutical products and controlled substances (Sep 9, 1991). Hospital technicians required to attend HCS training and a clarification of coverage of pharmaceuticals under the HCS (Sep 9, 1991). Exempt: Hazardous Wastes and Remediation. The HazCom standard does not apply to. Any hazardous waste as such term is defined by essay family, the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended (42 U.S.C.
6901 et seq.), when subject to history thesis, regulations issued under that Act by the Environmental Protection Agency Any hazardous substance as such term is defined by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) when the hazardous substance is the focus of remedial or removal action being conducted under CERCLA in short essay of my family, accordance with the Environmental Protection Agency regulations. Tip : Be certain that you properly label and account for your waste materials. For example, a bottle labeled Used paint thinner would still require an de vipere au SDS, but once you call it Hazardous Waste it Officially becomes waste and subject to essay of my family, waste regulations such as the RCRA. Official OSHA Interpretations. Exemption of hazardous waste samples sent to online source, a laboratory for analysis from the Hazard Communication Standard (Oct 17, 1998). Clarification of the requirements of the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response [HAZWOPER] Standard (Oct 31, 1997). Training required for family clean-up of hazardous waste and hazardous substances (Jun 10, 1991).
Exempt: Tobacco and tobacco product. The HazCom standard does not apply to tobacco and tobacco products. Writing Paper? Therefore, these do not generally require SDS's. Tobacco and safety are mutually exclusive anyway. We have no further information concerning the HazCom standard and tobacco. Short Essay Of My? Please contact us if you can enlighten us. Official OSHA Interpretations. The standard does not apply to resume, wood or wood products, including lumber which will not be processed, where the chemical manufacturer or importer can establish that the only hazard they pose to employees is the of my, potential for flammability or combustibility (wood or wood products which have been treated with a hazardous chemical covered by a small good topics, this standard, and wood which may be subsequently sawed or cut, generating dust, are not exempted) Hardwood dusts pose a carcinogenic hazard.
Likewise, wood preservatives such as chromium copper arsenate (CCA) also pose hazards. In each case, an SDS is essay of my family, required. For comprehensive information about history paper wood dusts in the workplace, see OSHA's Wood Dust Information Page. Official OSHA Interpretations. Requirements for labels and material safety data sheets for distributors of lumber. (July 31, 2008), Clarification of OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard with regards to the carcinogenicity of wood dust (Oct 11, 1995). Short Essay? OSHA's hazard communication requirements for the wood products you sell (Dec 5, 1994). Review and comment on generic labels and consumer information sheets for chromated copper arsenate (CCA) pressure-treated lumber (August 31, 1994). Interpretation for community service treated wood products in regards to paragraphs (f)(2)(i)-(iii) of the HCS (Nov 17, 1994).
Coverage of wood dust under the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) (Dec 7, 1987). The HCS exempts any consumer product or hazardous substance, as those terms are defined in the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2051 et seq.) and Federal Hazardous Substances Act (15 U.S.C. Of My? 1261 et seq.) respectively, where the employer can show that it is used in the workplace for the purpose intended by the chemical manufacturer or importer of the product, and the use results in a duration and frequency of ascii exposure which is not greater than the range of exposures that could reasonably be experienced by consumers when used for the purpose intended. For example, if one uses window cleaner in the workplace to occasionally clean a window then the employer is not required to short family, keep an SDS on this material. However, if it is the employee's duty to clean windows all day long in an occupational fashion then an SDS would be required. It is the employer's responsibility to au, establish that the family, frequency is equivalent to de vipere au, typical consumer use. OSHA inspectors will question your employees to verify this claim, so do not be deceptive; the short family, penalties for such willful violations are significant. Official OSHA Interpretations. Hazard Communication: classification of uninterruptible power source batteries and office chemicals as consumer products. (Jul 8, 2004).
Consumer Products that Contain Hazardous Chemicals (May 28, 1996). Hazard Communication and Consumer Products (Aug 15, 1991). Employee exposure to consumer products (Nov 27, 1990). Provision of resume de vipere au MSDSs for consumer products used in the workplace (Jan 9, 1990). Exempt: Nuisance Particulates and Dusts. The HCS specifically exempts nuisance particulates where the chemical manufacturer or importer can establish that they do not pose any physical or health hazard covered under this section. Of course, this is rather redundant. Anything lacking physical and health hazards is not hazardous and, therefore, does not require an short family SDS. Note : many dusts, including flour and hardwood dusts, have physical and/or health hazards and would require an SDS. Manufacturers of nuisance particulate are still required to issues, perform a hazard evaluation and determine whether or not their products present any of the specific hazards covered by the HCS.
OSHA has reason to believe that a number of these particulate do present physical hazards, such as the potential for fire and explosion, and others may have some health effect, such as irritation. For example, according to a Bureau of mines report entitled, The Explosibility of Agricultural Dust, corn starch and powdered sugar are considered to be strong explosion hazards. Official OSHA Interpretations. Applicability of the requirements of the Hazard Communication Standard to essay of my family, rubber dust byproduct sold by tire recapping company (October 15, 1991). Application of the Hazard Communication standard to a nuisance particulate (Jan 16, 1986). Also see the interpretations listed under wood dusts, above. Exempt: Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation. Radioactive materials are exempt from coverage under the HCS if the only hazard they pose is radiological. Essay? However, if the material also possesses physical or health hazard, then an SDS is required.
See Occupational safety and health guideline for short essay of my family uranium and insoluble compounds, for example. Official OSHA Interpretations. Biological hazards (biohazards, biohazardous materials) are exempt from coverage under the HCS if the only hazard they pose is biological. Ascii Resume? However, if the material also possesses physical or health hazard, then an SDS is required. Examples of biohazards include microbes, anthrax, vaccines, and cell cultures. Official OSHA Interpretations. Exempt: Office and School Supplies. According to the first OSHA interpretation listed below, . Short Essay Of My? clerical workers. may not be subject to the requirements of the writing history thesis, HCS. Office workers who encounter hazardous chemicals only in isolated instances are not covered by the rule.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) considers most office products (such as pens, pencils, adhesive tape) to be exempt under the short family, provisions of the rule, either as articles or as consumer products. For example. [consider]. copier toner. OSHA has previously stated that intermittent or occasional use of a copying machine does not result in coverage under the rule. However, if an employee handles the chemicals to service the machine, or operates it for long periods of time, then the program would have to be applied. For example, if an employee uses a solvent to resume de vipere, clean a typewriter once a year, that situation does not require an SDS. But if the of my, employee cleans typewriters every day as a repair person, then an SDS is required.
Official OSHA Interpretations. Hazard Communication: classification of uninterruptible power source batteries and office chemicals as consumer products. (Jul 8, 2004). Applicability of the HCS to format resume, office workers and copy machine operators (Mar 31, 1989). Application of the short of my, Hazard Communication Standard to art materials industry (Sep 17, 1987). There will likely be occasions when someone will ask for an SDS when one is not required or demand a written statement that no SDS is required. See How should we handle SDS requests for materials that do not require an essay SDS? for further information. As discussed above, items that are not hazardous or that are specifically exempted in the OSHA HazCom Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 do not require an SDS. Section G.2 of the OSHA Inspection Procedures for short family the HazCom Standard explicitly states the standard requires SDSs only for hazardous chemicals. Online? The HCS does not require manufacturers, or importers to supply SDSs for essay family non-hazardous chemicals.
Your employees can stay informed and tutoring community service essay safety-ready with right to know stations and labels from Safety Emporium. Nonetheless, some downstream clients may still insist on family an SDS in cases where one is format, not required. If you encounter someone who will not accept a verbal assurance, OSHA has suggested providing a written statement such as This product is not considered to be or to contain hazardous chemicals based on short family evaluations made by de vipere, our company under the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200. Short Essay Family? This gives the requesting party something that they can put in their files and ascii format saves the manufacturer from needless work. Short Of My Family? For items that are specifically exempted from coverage under the Standard, your statement should reflect the specific exemption(s) and the specific paragraph(s) of the standard which applies. On the a small thing essay, other hand, you may receive an SDS for something that is short essay family, truly not hazardous. For example, Amerex has an resume de vipere au SDS for deionized water used in essay of my, water mist fire extinguishers. According to the OSHA Inspection Procedures for the HazCom Standard section G.4.b, if an tutoring community service SDS is essay, provided for a non-hazardous material, the receiving party is not required under HCS to maintain that SDS. . Essay? However, your attorney may advise you to essay of my, keep it anyway just to be sure. As mentioned previously and resume au discussed below, manufacturers and distributors are under no OSHA obligation to supply SDS's to consumers.
We encourage manufacturers to make SDS's freely available to everyone, but suggest that the sheets carry a notice explaining that SDS's are meant for occupational use, not consumer use. The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 requires a downstream flow of information. For example, the original manufacturer or importer, Employer A, must create an SDS for any hazardous chemical that they produce. When they ship that to short essay of my family, a commercial customer or distributor, Employer B, they must send the SDS to Employer B. If Employer B then ships the chemical to another firm, Employer C, it is good thing, Employer B's responsibility to pass the SDS downstream to Employer C. In other words, the information flows: Employer A Employer B Employer C. Note: While this flow diagram indicates Employer C, an upstream supplier might ship a material to more than one physical location for a particular downstream employer.
In such cases, the SDS must be sent to each location where the material is used, not simply the employer's main office. See Responsibility of chemical manufacturers and importers to short of my family, provide MSDSs to one or more establishments owned and managed by source, same employer. Let your water flow with pure water valves and faucets from Safety Emporium. Your primary obligation in supplying MSDSs is to your direct customers, that is, your distributors. You must provide a copy of the MSDS with the first shipment to each of your direct customers, and, if the short essay, MSDS for writing one of your products is updated, you must send the updated MSDS with the next shipment of the of my family, product to global issues, that direct customer. Your distributors are, in turn, responsible for supplying a copy of the MSDS with the first shipment to short of my, each of their direct customers, and so on. However, because this chain of information transmission through the distributor can sometimes be broken, OSHA has added the requirement that manufacturers must provide a copy of the MSDS to other downstream employers upon request. Your FAX-on-demand system can be used to fulfill this requirement. Please refer to revised language in paragraphs (g)(6) and (g)(7) of the standard for additional clarification on requirements for providing MSDSs. In general, if you need an ascii format resume SDS, you should get it from your upstream supplier. Short Of My? If that is tutoring community service, not possible, then the manufacturer must supply one on request (as long as you are an employer that requires an SDS under the Hazard Communication Standard).
The answer depends on your role in the request: Consumers : As stated previously, many manufacturers or distributors are happy to give an SDS to anyone who asks but they are under no OSHA obligation to distribute these to consumers . Of My Family? See this OSHA interpretation letter and the downstream flow entry above for ascii format resume more information about how SDS's are supposed to be distributed. Create a culture of safety in your workplace with safety scoreboards from Safety Emporium. Dozens of homeowners have asked us about demanding/requesting SDS's from of my, contractors whose work they believe has caused them harm - for good thing example, fumes, odors and/or illnesses from of my family, newly installed carpet, flooring, sealants etc. Although most contractors will gladly provide an SDS, they are under no regulatory obligation to resume, do so. If you are certain that the material meets the OSHA definition of short essay of my family hazardous then the contractor is required to have an issues SDS for his employee's use. If not, he is in violation of OSHA regulations. Just the threat of short essay reporting the contractor to OSHA for issues willful non-compliance is probably enough to change his mind. Alternatively, a letter from an attorney might work, too. Short Essay Of My? If you have no luck with the tutoring, contractor, try the short essay of my family, original manufacturer's web site or toll-free number.
But if you want to know for certain whether there are potentially hazardous fumes in your house, have the air professionally tested. Look under Laboratories, Analytical or Laboratories, Testing in your local yellow pages. If you are intent on having copies of SDS's for all hazardous chemicals used during a home repair project, you should list this as an explicit requirement in the written contract. Ascii Format Resume? Of course, SDS's aren't meant for consumers, but they seem to give some folks a peace of mind. What about those signs you see in home improvement stores about SDS's being available on request? Yes, SDS's are available there, but under the downstream flow concept and as discussed in paragraph (g)(7) of 29 CFR 1910.1200, the Hazard Communication Standard, the store is only obligated to give them to customers who are employers . Therefore, a consumer who asks may or may not get one, but there is no harm in asking! Employees . Employees must have ready access to family, SDS's while they are in ascii format resume, their workplace.
There can be no barriers to access - you should not have to fetch a key, ask a supervisor, submit a request etc. SDS's must be on hand for every hazardous chemical known to be present in the workplace in such a manner that employees may be exposed under normal conditions of use or in short family, a foreseeable emergency. Essay Issues? There are some exceptions to family, this rule, of course. Former employees . Under the a small good thing, OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.1020, Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records, your employer is short of my, required to keep a record of your exposure to hazardous materials at work. These employee exposure records are to be kept at least 30 years after you terminate employment. 1910.1020 allows employers to use SDS's as part of or in bibliography, lieu of other sorts of documentation. As described in the previous hyperlink, you or your designated representative (union rep, attorney etc.) have a right to see your records at no cost and to obtain copies.
See also our FAQ entry Can I throw away old or outdated SDS's? Notice : This page is copyright 1998-2017 by ILPI and essay family was last updated Tuesday, August 8, 2017 . Community? Unauthorized duplication or posting on other web sites is expressly prohibited. Disclaimer : The information contained herein is essay of my, believed to be true and accurate, however ILPI makes no guarantees concerning the veracity of any statement. Use of any information on this page is at a small, the reader's own risk. ILPI strongly encourages the of my, reader to consult the appropriate local, state and federal agencies concerning the matters discussed herein.
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Short essay on my family in english
21 Basic Resumes Examples for Students and short of my, New Graduates. Written by Neil O’Donnell. Ascii. Published July 5th, 2017. Neil O’Donnell, CPCC is a nationally certified career coach whose experience includes over 15 years of of my, career counseling experience in addition to his having written thousands of résumés and cover letters. Tutoring Community Service. Working with professionals around the globe, Neil helps recent graduates and short, seasoned professionals alike in achieving their career dreams.
Let’s face it, writing résumés is a daunting task, especially for de vipere, undergraduates or recent college or high school graduates. Short Essay Of My Family. Admittedly, one of the biggest complaints I often hear from such entry job seekers is that no one showed them how to write a résumé or curriculum vitae. Community Service Essay. Would it make you feel better to know that most teachers and essay family, professors don’t honestly know how to write a good résumé? Truthfully, most colleges have a career center, which students are repeatedly informed about, but students rarely utilize the services at such centers before or after graduation. Hello!
All graduates should make contact with their alma mater’s career center, because such centers usually offer free or low-cost résumé writing, basic resume examples, and interview preparation services! That said, let’s get to the heart of the issue. How do you write a good résumé for typical undergraduate/new graduate needs? Here are 4 basic resume examples, guidelines, and templates to questions issues, help you out. Family. 1. Sample Resume for tutoring essay, an Internship. Most internships require a student provide a résumé and cover letter, but students often are frightened by this as they usually don’t have any experience related to the internship.
Most employers are not expecting you to have extensive experience because an internship is usually the first experience students have in their field. Family. As for the structure of source, a résumé for internships, much of the essay family, design is consistent with my previous guidance. However, a few things of are more routine when it comes to an internship résumé. First, as a person seeking an essay global internship often has little or no professional experience, volunteer experience can be vital. Because, such experience can show a hiring manager or internship coordinator that you are a go-getter.
You’d be amazed at short family, the amount of employers across most fields place a great deal of value on volunteer experience, especially since a lot of volunteer responsibilities connect with the responsibilities of professionals. For instance, if you volunteered at a foodbank, you would likely perform a mix of duties from handling inventory, keeping records of where food was shipped, and interacting with those in needs by providing directions on where to go to obtain food. Such experience translates into customer service and office operations experience. Considering that MOST interns end up doing a lot of filing work and bibliography, call monitoring, the volunteer experience is huge. In addition to professional and or volunteer experience, I recommend internship seeking individuals include a summary of short of my family, qualifications section (placed before the de vipere au, experience section) to identify skills they have that best match with the job and/or highlight skillsets that suggest the would-be intern would excel in the workplace (aka not be lazy). Many of short of my family, us have had nightmare experiences with interns. So, any qualifications that could point towards you being a dedicated worker will likely help your case. In the qualifications section, also include coursework you completed that is relevant to de vipere au, the major/internship setting.
For a business major seeking sales/accounting experience, it would be prudent to list courses you completed that connect with business, accounting, statistics, and economics. Short Essay. See the au, included Internship résumé for a full example. Essay. 2. Sample Resume for online source, a Part-time Position. College students need to of my family, pay bills while professionals making little more than minimum wage need to find ways to make ends meet. This is often where a part-time job comes into play. Part-time jobs most often are connected to the service industry, though sales, medical tech, and administrative jobs often fill this void as well. In most of these instances, training on the job is key so a relevant degree is not usually necessary (although pursuing a relevant degree could provide an advantage. For part-time work, it is important to keep a few things in mind. Bibliography. First, if you have an advanced degree (a Masters or higher), you should consider dropping that from the résumé. Because, employers might see your advanced degree and figure you will only stay long enough until you find something better (better pay or better benefits).
Also, if you have extensive experience, you should limit what is on short essay of my family your résumé to the last ten years. Too much experience may also suggest to an employer that you won’t be there long. Undergraduates and recent high school graduates don’t usually have these issues, but older workers seeking employment (especially after a layoff), could very well find themselves battling such hurdles. Again, including a ‘Summary of Qualifications’ section is a good idea when seeking part-time work as it can highlight skillsets you have relevant to tutoring essay, the work being completed. Of My Family. For part-time jobs, especially those in thing topics the service industry, your education can be placed at the end (and in many cases, it should be last as pursuit of a college degree may make a hiring manager hesitate in essay of my hiring you for fear that you are only going to be there a short time. Lastly, as with the internship résumé, those with little experience should consider including volunteer experience to help fill up one full page for the résumé.
See the global issues, example for an individual seeking part-time work as a sales associate, positions many undergraduates seek out while in essay college. 3. Sample Resume for essay global issues, an Entry Level Job. Again, applying for entry-level positions, a hiring manager is of my, not going to expect applicants to have extensive experience. For recent college graduates, including a list of relevant coursework is a good thing to bibliography online, consider as employers like to short essay family, hiring individuals with up to date knowledge relevant to history paper, the field, particularly in tech fields. I also believe listing relevant technological proficiencies is crucial as many older employers often have limited experience in computer programming and essay, repair. As someone who has always efforted to community service essay, stay on essay of my family top of technological advancements, I can attest to the fact that tech-proficient individuals are a hot commodity. Writing. For those with a great deal of experience and advanced degrees who are seeking an entry-level position, drop the advanced degree and only include last ten years of experience. 4. Basic Sample Resume for No Experience. For those without any experience, building a résumé is not so easy.
Things that can help in such situations are volunteer experience, relevant coursework from school, and a job objective. Essay Family. Frankly, most of us who are professional résumé writers do not use job objectives, but when in need of de vipere au, filling a page, an objective can come in short handy. Just make certain your resume objective is focused on tutoring community service the job you are applying to (i.e. “To obtain a line cook position at the Cityview Restaurant). Adding a summary of qualifications section where you highlight your computer proficiencies and “soft” skills can help as well (soft skills including thriving in a team environment, conflict resolution, good communications skills, and organization). If you participated in activities at high school or college, including those experiences could also be a great addition, especially if you served in a position such as president, treasurer or secretary. Essay Family. For those with no experience, staying at your first job for a few years is important to build a foundation for future success. Getting a new job every year looks bad on a résumé and will hurt your chances of being hired in the future.
Armed with this advice, know that every field/major requires a different focus on what to highlight in a résumé, particularly with regards to skillsets. Resume. Asking a professor for essay, an example of her/his résumé would provide a good foundation to online, start with. Additionally, the following samples offer a glimpse at what a solid résumé would look like.
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Short Essay on My Family In English
cecs resume critique Friday, May 22, DHLPMR Journal Club. Med Care Res Rev 66(3):235-271, 2009. Qual Saf Health Care 17(Supp 1):i13-i32, 2008. Karen Homa selected this month's article by Alexander and Hearld (attached), and short of my family, she also includes a recently published article concerning the SQUIRE guidelines.
Karen invited lead authors of the latter article---Greg Ogrinc and Sue Mooney---to join the discussion if available. The selected article is a small thing essay topics a recent review of the research methods used to study QI. As you read the review think about the SQUIRE framework for publishing QI work. What parts of short essay family, Alexander and writing paper, Hearld's review map to the SQUIRE framework? Were there any parts of the SQUIRE guidelines missed or not examined in their review?
Did Alexander and Hearld reveal any contradictions in their article? Critical review of the literature Connection with our current work Good reading Good conversation Good communication Identify gaps - develop research opportunities Help each other learn Learn more about each other Challenge each other in a safe, respectful environment Have the opportunity to short of my family critique our own presentations, manuscripts. Safety Health professional education Service redesign Organizational behavior, culture Innovation and diffusion Regulation and accreditation Policy Microsystems Health services research QI research Translational research. DHLPMR residents, coaches, and program management group, VA Quality Scholars, any other interested staff, residents, or students. Which articles will we read? We will be inviting people to suggest articles - we will come to you, or you can come to us if you see something that you think would be good. We encourage you suggest a couple questions for people to have in mind as they read the article(s).
Tina Foster and Jim Heimarck will coordinate this process. Resume. We would especially welcome suggestions from literature that you read that others in the group may not, such as specialty-specific journals, or journals which are not medical. Additionally, although we will focus on short of my, only a couple articles a month, this is a good place for us to share information about what we've been reading. The Journal Club meets on the first Friday of format, every month from 12:15 to 1:15 pm in the Video Conference Room on the 3rd floor of the Novell Bldg, Lebanon. Residents and of my, staff from each of a small topics, our institutional sites (DHMC and Concord Hospital) participate via V-tel connection. You can attend in of my family, the V-tel conference room on Level 2 (left at bottom of stairwell coming from main rotunda) at DHMC, or in the Fourth Floor conference room at Concord Hospital.
At the beginning of each academic year, responsibility for the monthly article selection(s) and 2-3 thought-provoking questions will be assigned to residents and staff members who will submit them (electronically, preferably) to resume de vipere au Jim Heimarck for distribution two weeks in advance of the short of my family, meeting. The reference(s), and related questions will be distributed to good essay regular attendees of the short essay, Journal Club and posted on this web site. Friday, April 24, DHLPMR Journal Club. Haynes, Alan B, et al. A Surgical Safety Checklist to Reduce Morbidity and Mortality in a Global Population. Steve Liu selected this month's readings on the topic of surgical checklists; the first is the attached NEJM article on surgical checklists and the second is Atul Gawande's New Yorker commentary on this subject. Questions for the JC discussion are: Checklists, in the traditional sense, are used to ensure that simple (yes or no answers) tasks are completed. Do you think that the tasks that were addressed either in the ICU study or the surgical checklist are simple, complicated, or complex? There were dramatic improvements in the outcome measures both in the ICU and the surgical study. Ascii. Do you think the short essay of my family, results that were seen were primarily from completion of the tasks in the checklist or could they be due to ascii format changes in the context or setting in which the checklists were implemented?
In other words, do you think the use of the checklists changed the essay family, culture and bibliography, professionals who participated in the study? As we have seen in multiple practicum projects, is short essay of my this a case where a seemingly simple intervention leads to complex changes in the context/setting in writing paper thesis, which it was implemented? What is the future of checklists in medicine? What other settings could they be useful in? Atul Gawande believes that the test pilot culture of of my family, medicine currently prevents more widespread adoption of checklists and standardization. What do you think are the barriers to history paper more widespread adoption/implementation of checklists? In your own practice and practicum work, could you envision a balance between standardization and provider autonomy? What are the tasks that could be amenable to short essay a checklist and what tasks should be left for providers and patients to address on format, their own? Friday, March 27, DHLPMR Journal Club.
Regan-Smith, Martha, et al. Teaching Residents Chronic Disease Management Using the Flinders Model. J Cancer Educ 21(2):60-62, 2006. Battersby, Malcolm, et al. Family. SA HealthPlus: A Controlled Trial of tutoring community service, a Statewide Application of a Generic Model of Chronic Illness Care. Millbank Quarterly 85(1):37-67, 2007.
Martha Regan-Smith selected the attached articles and will lead the discussion concerning the Flinders Model for Chronic Disease Management. She offers these questions to consider. How does this model change the patient's role in his/her own care? How does this model change the provider's role in short of my family, his/her care? How does this contribute to Wagner's Chronic Disease Care model? Friday, February 9, DHLPMR Journal Club.
Meyer, Brett C., et al. Efficacy of a small essay topics, site-independent telemedicine in the STRokE DOC trial: a randomised, blinded, prospective study. Lancet Neurol 2008;7:787-95. Tracie Caller selected the attached article and offers these questions to consider. How do you think telemedicine can affect both quality and cost/value of short essay of my, health care? Telemedicine involves integration of microsystems within multiple institutions.
What are the challenges faced in this process? How might you implement such a system in your own institution, and how would you know it was working (or not working)? Friday, January 9, DHLPMR Journal Club. Hahn, Karissa, et al. Diabetes Flow Sheet Use Associated with Guidelines Adherence Ann Fam Med 2008;6(3):235-238. Chris Allen selected the tutoring community essay, attached article and offers these questions to consider.
Why do you think that flow sheet use had less effect on outcomes than it has in other areas such as ICU care? Why do you think that flow sheets were used in such a small percentage of the sampled primary care patients with DM? In your opinion, will flow sheets prove to be a valuable tool for of my, improving diabetic patient care? Do you think that results of this study (lack of online source, improvement in outcome targets) are more a consequence of the primary care setting/system or of the essay, nature of the disease? Friday, December 5, DHLPMR Journal Club. Feinmann, Jane Patient Safety: Cutting Out Human Error BMJ 2008;337:a2370. Weick, KE and history paper thesis, Sutcliffe, KM. Hospitals as Cultures of Entrapment: A Re-Analysis of the of my family, Bristol Royal Infirmary. California Management Review 45(2):73-84, 2003.
Martha Regan-Smith selected the above articles and offers these questions to consider. How do these papers give you a new perspective on your improvement work? Identify cultural blind spots in/around your improvement project. What easy explanation for service, less than the best care have you heard? How do these papers relate to Dr. Edwards' Leadership Lessons Series presentation?
November 7, 2008 Journal Club: Ames, Daniel R. and Flynn, Francis J. What Breaks a Leader: The Curvilinear Relationship Between Assertiveness and Leadership J Personality Soc Psych 2007;92(2):307-324. Sharon Alroy-Preis selected the article and states, Please tell everyone that I'm sorry it's a little long ( 15 pages. Short Essay Family. ) but this is a subject I struggle with and would like to hear others' opinion and experience Her questions to consider: 1. Have you found your balance in this topic? 2. Essay Global Issues. If yes - how did you find it? think of situations that helped you clarify how to maintain the balance. 3. If not - do you feel you are over or under and what can be done to improve the balance? October 3, 2008 Journal Club: Wachter RM, Flanders SA, Fee C, et al. Public Reporting of Antibiotic Timing in Patients with Pneumonia: Lessons from a Flawed Performance Measure Ann Int Med 2008;49:29-32.
Hayward RA. Performance Measurement in Search of a Path. Essay Of My Family. NEJM 2008;356:9. Steve Liu offers 2 articles for discussion. one is an article from the Annals of Internal Medicine on antibiotic timing for CAP and the other is an editorial to another related article from the NEJM. Here are questions for discussion: 1. What are some difficulties that you have encountered in developing performance measures for good topics, the population in your practicum or CLAR work? How do you differentiate clinical guidelines from performance measures? 2. Have you encountered or can you envision any unintendend consequences of of my, measuring performance in your LPMR work or in other improvement interventions that you have seen in your home department? What are some ways to minimize the effects of these unintended consequences?
3. How can the use of the source, simple, complicated and complex typology help in discriminating between measures that should be all-or-none (with a goal of 100%) and those that should be measured with bands of performance (with goals between 60-80%)? September 5, 2008 Journal Club: Scott JG, Cohen D, DiCicco-Bloom B, et al. Understanding Healing Relationships in Primary Care. Ann Fam Med 2008;6(4):315-322. Meza JP, Fahoome GF. Short Essay. The Development of an ascii resume, Instrument for Measuring Healing. Essay. Ann Fam Med 2008;6(4):355-360.
Pippa Shulman selected the attached articles and poses these questions for your consideration as you read: 1) Is healing an important measure? does it contribute to overall satisfaction or can we measure outcomes to validate healing as important? Does a healing relationship improve outcomes or just the relationship between physician and patient? 2) Would it be possible to measure trust or hope in the patient/physician encounter? August 1, 2008 Journal Club: Davidoff F. Improving peer review: Who's responsible? BMJ 2004;328:657-658. Jefferson T, Wager E, Davidoff F. Measuring the Quality of a small good essay topics, Editorial Peer Review JAMA 2002;287(21):2786-2790. Manish Mishra selected the attached article and essay of my family, asks that you think of ascii format resume, this article's message in relation to the peer reviewed journals in which our papers appear, and short essay of my family, the medical writing course presented in questions, our Friday didactics sessions. Manish has invited Tom Mead (medical library background), David Stevens (who conducts our medical writing course), and Frank Davidoff (co-author of of my, this article) to join the conversation, if available. July 11, 2008 Journal Club:
Liu SK, Homa KA, Butterly JR, Kirkland KB, Batalden PB. Improving the simple, complicated, and complex realities of community-acquired pneumonia. Glouberman S, Zimmerman B. Resume Au. Complicated and Complex Systems: What Would Successful Reform of Medicare Look Like? Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, July 2002. Paul Batalden and Steve Liu will lead this discussion about essay of my family, these two articles.
You are asked to consider a patient encounter you've had in the last month and come prepared to format resume discuss the simple, complex, and complicated aspects of that encounter. June 13, 2008 Journal Club: Kass N, Pronovost PJ, Sugarman J, Goeschel CA, Lubomski LH, Faden R. Of My. Controversy and Quality Improvement: Lingering Questions About Ethics, Oversight, and Patient Safety Research. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 2008;34(6):349-53. Kisha Weiser selected the attached article and history paper, includes the additional note: this is the family, reference to which the article frequently refers: Pronovost P et al. Format Resume. An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in short essay of my, the ICU.
N Engl J Med 2006;355:27252732. Erratum in: N Engl J Med 2007;356:2660. Her questions for you to consider as you read are: Many of us are going to be going to institutions with less experienced IRBs and less experience in service essay, QI work. What regulatory oversight needs to be in place, if any? Collecting data, especially when the data is short essay family not flattering poses some medicolegal risk. Global. Of course, not collecting data does not protect either. How might a QI oversight committee provide some medicolegal protection? What would a robust QI oversight committee look like? What would its function be?
May 2, 2008 Journal Club: Nease DE, Nutting PA, Dickinson WP, Bonham AJ, Graham DG, Gallagher KM, Main DS. Inducing Sustainable Improvement in Depression Care in Primary Care Practices. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 2008;34(5):247-55. Mao Fontanilla will be leading the short essay, dialogue and offers the following questions for your consideration: What was (were) the process change intervention(s) in this study? What is the underlying assumption behind a modified improvement collaborative approach and why is it thought to be applicable for a small good, complex adaptive systems? What outcomes were measured? Were they appropriate and of my, relevant? Was there a role for tracking clinical outcomes? Would it have been relevant?
Were the case studies at essay, the end of the of my family, study helpful? If so, how? What can we learn from this improvement initiative? Is there anything that we can use for our individual practicum projects? April 11, 2008 Journal Club:
Martin DR, O'Brien JL, Heyworth JA, Meyer NR. Point Counterpoint: The Function of Contradictions on an Interdisciplinary Health Care Team. Qual Health Res 2008;18:369. Karen Homa has selected this article and ascii format, will lead the short, dialogue; she writes. Bibliography. This qualitative study explores contradictions and how revealing these can create opportunities for improvement/collaboration. I believe contradictions can be revealed during changes made in a system. So read through this article and essay of my, lets talk about how contradictions (what are they) might be operating in your QI work.
Looking forward to the discussion. March 7, 2008 Journal Club: Pawson R, Greenhalgh T, Harvey G, Walshe K. Realist review - a new method of systematic review designed for complex policy interventions. Journal of Health Services Research Policy 2005;10(1):21-34. Greenhalgh T, Kristjansson E, Robinson V. Realist review to understand the efficacy of school feeding programmes.
BMJ 2007;335;858-861. The attached readings introduce a concept to be explored more actively in the months ahead. Paul Batalden has invited one of the essay questions global issues, authors to essay of my a day-and-a-half discussion of the writing, subject in early April, and suggested the concept be discussed at short family, our Journal Club in advance of that visit. Bibliography Online Source. Hank Kutz agreed to lead this discussion and family, notes that you'll have some extensive reading. He offers the following: What are the fundamental differences between the realist review and the SQUIRE guidelines in conveying context of writing, improvement work? Are they mutually exclusive? What is the underlying core theory behind your improvement work? (practicum, CLAR. etc.)
What are the underlying assumptions tied to the core theory of family, your improvement? What ties your improvement project to the particular context in which you are working the most: 1) the core theory behind your improvement strategy or 2) your assumptions surrounding that theory? For those of you like me whose brain now hurts. De Vipere Au. just a general introduction and discussion of the short, key points realist review will likely fill up more time than we have! February 1, 2008 Journal Club: Wachter RM, Foster NE, Dudley RA. Medicare's Decision to Withhold Payment for Hospital Errors: The Devil Is in the Details. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 2008;34(2):116-23. This month's article was selected by Andrew Chi, who offers the following questions for online, you to consider while reading the article: What do you think of Medicare's new policy, theoretically, financially, and short of my family, practically? How might Medicare's new policy affect your practice of medicine and the kind of history thesis, care your patients will receive? Can you give specifics?
What do you think about the proposed non-reimbursable events/conditions on Tables 2-4? Which do you agree with, and which do you disagree with? In summary, what are the problems and/or benefits that you foresee with this big Medicare change? January 4, 2008 Journal Club: Gawande A. The Checklist; If something so simple can transform intensive care, what else can it do? The New Yorker , December 10, 2007. Pronovost PJ, Berenholtz SM, Goeschel CA, Needham DM, Sexton JB, Thompson DA, Lubomski LH, Marsteller JA, Makary MA, Hunt E. Creating High Reliability in Health Care Organizations. Health Services Research 41:4, Part II (August 2006). This month's article was selected by short of my Sarah Greer, who invites you to essay questions global join this conversation. December 7, 2007 Journal Club:
Stroebel CK, McDaniel RR, Crabtree BF, Miller WL, Nutting PA, Stange KC. How Complexity Science Can Inform a Reflective Process for Improvement in short family, Primary Care Practices. J Qual Patient Safety 2005;31(8):438-46. This month's article was selected by Lora Council, who invites you to join this conversation; she notes the intent is for global, us to short essay of my continue our discussion from last journal club as to how quality improvement can best be done in ascii format resume, the context of a complex system. Questions to consider as you read: Would any part of your project benefit from improving the quality of relationships between agents rather than working to improve the individual agent? In what ways have you acted as a facilitator?
How is essay of my family facilitating your project creating sustainability? Leading change in a complex system requires different leadership skills than straightforward CQI. Have you used any RAP type skills as a leader of your change? Would developing RAP leadership skills enhance your current project? November 2, 2007 Journal Club: Burke W, Psaty BM. Personalized Medicine in writing history, the Era of Genomics.
JAMA 2007;298(14):1682-4. Dr. Fontanilla, who will lead the DHLPMR Journal Club discussion on Nov 2, offers these questions to consider for short, our dialogue: What does personalized medicine mean to you? Do you practice personalized medicine? Genomics-based knowledge and tools promise the ability to approach each patient as the biological individual he or she is. Can you give examples of how genomics is being applied in your specialty? What is your experience with genetic testing? What are the drivers of the genomics movement?
What are the benefits of genetic testing? In what situations would you advocate for genetic testing? What are the possible negative effects of tutoring community essay, genetic testing? Is risk-based prevention preferable to population-wide measures in the context of limited public health resources? October 5, 2007 Journal Club: Boonyasai RT, Windish DM, Chakraborti C, Feldman LS, Rubin HR, Bass EB. Of My. Effectiveness of Teaching Quality Improvement to Clinicians: A Systematic Review. Ascii Format Resume. JAMA 2007;298(9):1023-37. Batalden P, Davidoff F. Teaching Quality Improvement: The Devil Is in the Details. Short Essay. JAMA 2007;298(9):1059-61. Auden McClure, who selected the articles and will lead Friday's discussion, notes that the journal club will focus primarily on Paul's JAMA article and a discussion around teaching QI.
Paul's article references the 32 page Boonyasai systematic review and so it is thing provided as background. September 7, 2007 Journal Club: Auerbach AD, Landefeld CS, Shojania KG. Of My Family. The Tension between Needing to ascii Improve Care and Knowing How to Do It. N Engl J Med 2007;357(6):608-13. Beth Prairie selected this month's article and will lead our discussion, and she offers a few questions to essay of my consider (below) as you read the article. She also asks you to consider the following: What do you think is the purpose of this piece? Take each argument (see Table 1 for a small, summary) - If you had to pick a side for short essay, each, where would you fall? Do you agree with the author's assertion that . quality improvement is on common ground with the resume, rest of biomedicine? (p. 612) Why or why not?
August 3, 2007 Journal Club: McDonald R, Harrison S, Checkland K, Campbell SM, Roland M. Impact of short of my family, financial incentives on clinical autonomy and bibliography, internal motivation in primary care: ethnographic study. BMJ 2007;334. Campbell S, Reeves D, Kontopantelis E, Middleton E, Sibbald B, Roland M. Quality of short of my, Primary Care in England with the Introduction of Pay for Performance. N Engl J Med 357;2. This month's journal club will pick up on the Pay-for-Performance theme we spoke about last year. Resume. Lisa Pastel, who selected these articles-- as well as last year's articles on the same subject -- also provides the letter to the editor that we prepared a year ago.
At that time we expressed concern about the assumption that financial incentives are needed to improve care as well as concern about the unintended consequences of essay of my family, Pay-for-Performance. These two articles (one from the tutoring community service essay, BMJ, the other from NEJM) directly address both of these issues. Is this the right direction for us to continue in? Will this actually improve the essay family, quality of care in a sustainable way? Are there areas in medicine where this kind of essay global, intervention would not work? Is this the right way to short essay provide the best care to our patients?
July 6, 2007 Journal Club: Glouberman S, Zimmerman B. Complicated and Complex Systems: What Would Successful Reform of paper thesis, Medicare Look Like? Commission on the Future of Health Care in short, Canada, July 2002. The article for discussion is attached and is already familiar to questions some involved with our residency program. Essay. This paper begins by bibliography distinguishing simple, complicated and complex problems, and provides a framework for essay of my, understanding healthcare systems in which we work. June 1, 2007 Journal Club: Randolph G, Fried B, Loeding L, Margolis P, Lannon C. Organizational Characteristics and Preventive Service Delivery in Private Practices: A Peek Inside the Black Box of Private Practices Caring for Children. Pediatrics 2005;115;1704-1711. The attached article was selected by ascii resume Auden McClure, who will also lead our Friday discussion. May 4, 2007 Journal Club:
Ockene JK, Edgerton EA, Teutsch SM, Marion LN, Miller T, Genevro JL, Loveland-Cherry CJ, Fielding JE, Briss PA. Integrating evidence-based clinical and community strategies to improve health. Essay Family. Am J Prev Med 2007;32(3):244-52. The attached article was selected by Kristin Anderson, who provides these questions to consider as you read it: The article suggests that system integration through better pathways is the key to better outcomes for bibliography, patients. Do you have specific examples from your own projects as examples where better connections can be made between microsystem/mesosystems/macrosystems? What are the short essay of my, barriers? On page 248, the a small good thing essay, authors suggest that system breakdown occurs where macro/mesosystems are not available to support clinicians.
Who do you think has the responsibility to improve those connections? On page 250, the authors address the fact that there are cases where program implementation is difficult when there is a lack of evidence. Do we have an ethical responsibility to family act without evidence? The authors use computer linked systems for source, referrals as an example of how linkages between systems can occur. Building on our discussion about leadership in April, are there specific examples where we can act to improve those connections? How do/should we prioritize areas of concern? April 6, 2007 Journal Club: Flin R, Yule S. Leadership for safety: industrial experience. Qual Saf Health Care 2004;13;45-51. This month's discussion will be led by Chris Cook, who has selected the short, attached article for discussion.
The theme of this discussion will focus on our (residents') vision of paper, our future in leadership roles regarding patient safety as the second years move on to new positions and the first years transition to executing the practicum.: In the next two years where do you see yourself (supervisor, middle manager, senior leader) with respect to patient safety or quality activities? Are there situation specific examples? If your role changes depending on situation how do you anticipate shifting your mental focus? Generic strategies to essay family assist leaders in fostering safety are discussed. Can you give specific examples of things that might encourage patient safety? For the senior leaders in the group, how have you tried to instill a culture of de vipere au, safety? March 6, 2007 Journal Club: Goldmann D. System Failure versus Personal Accountability - The Case for Clean Hands. N Engl J Med 355;2: July 13, 2006. This month's discussion will be led by Gavin Cotter, who apologizes for short essay of my family, the short lead time to read the article and provides the following comment:
What does accountability mean to community service essay you? Consider your own project: Who is accountable? What are the consequences for a violation? This article presents the required elements for Hand Hygiene: a model for system responsibility to personal accountability. How would you make a similar case for your own project? February 6, 2007 Journal Club: George B, Sims P, McLean AN, Mayer D. Discovering Your Authentic Leadership.
Harvard Business Review February 2007. This month's discussion will be led by Sally Ward, who provides the essay family, following comment: January 2, 2007 Journal Club: Brennan Ramirez LK, Hoehner CM, Brownson RC, Cook R, Orleans CT, Hollander M, Barker DC, Bors P, Ewing R, Killingsworth R, Petersmarck K, Schmid T, Wilkinson W. Indicators of Activity-Friendly Communities: An Evidence-Based Consensus Process. Am J Prev Med 2006;31(6):515-524. This month's discussion will be led by Brian Shiner, who provides the following comment:
Governmental Public Health Project: I am working with a health-promotion project in Keene for persons with severe mental illness. Issues like transportation frequently come up when participants stop going to the gym, gain weight back, etc. Given our large referral region at ascii format resume, DHMC and the diversity of places that our patients come from, how do we make relevant recommendations about physical activity? December 1, 2006 Journal Club: Gawande A. Casualties of War - Military Care for the Wounded from Iraq and Afghanistan. N Engl J Med 2006:351(24);2471-75. Hogan MP, Pace DE, Hapgood J, Boone DC. Use of Human Patient Simulation and the Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique in Practical Trauma Skills Assessment. J Trauma 2006;61:1047-1052. This month's discussion will be led by Sarah Greer, who has provided two articles and the following description:
November 3, 2006 Journal Club: McDonald R, Waring J, Harrison S. Rules, safety and the narrativisation of identity: a hospital operating theatre case study. Sociology of Health Illness 2006;28(2):178-202. Christian CK, Gustafson ML, Roth EM, Sheridan TB, Gandhi TK, Dwyer K, Zinner MJ, Dierks MM. A prospective study of patient safety in short, the operating room. Surgery 2006;139:159-73.
This month's discussion will be led by resume de vipere au Beth Prairie, who has provided two articles for discussion. She will draft a letter to the editor in response to the Christian, et al article; this draft will be distributed in advance of the meeting. Beth also provided some questions for you to short ponder as you read: Do you believe in the concept of a safety culture? Re: Christian article. What do you think of their methodology? October 6, 2006 Journal Club:
Doran T, Fullwood C, Gravelle H, Reeves D, Kontopantelis E, Hiroeh U, Roland M. Pay-for-Performance Programs in Family Practices in the United Kingdom. N Engl J Med 2006;355(4):375-84. Petersen LA, Woodard LD, Urech T, Daw C, Sookanan S. Does Pay-for-Performance Improve the community service essay, Quality of Health Care? Ann Intern Med 2006;145(4):265-272. This month's discussion will be led by Lisa Pastel, who suggests two articles for discussion. She will be preparing a letter to the editor for consideration during the discussion, in response to the NEJM article. Short Essay Family. Additionally, she offers the following commentary and questions to consider as you read the articles: Does pay-for-performance improve quality of care? September 1, 2006 Journal Club: Amalberti R, Auroy Y, Berwick D, Barach P. A Small Topics. Five System Barriers to Achieving Ultrasafe Health Care. Ann Intern Med 2005;142:756-764.
This month's discussion will be led by of my family Ken Deem and Martha Regan-Smith. The article was recommended by Paul Batalden after it produced a thoughtful dialogue, at a recent Summer Symposium, about barriers to improved safety in health care organizations. The article addresses 5 high-level organizational dimensions in managing risk and safety. Who is in writing history, a position to utilize these concepts to improve the health care industry? August 4, 2006 Journal Club:
Eric Howell, MD, from Johns Hopkins' Bayview Campus, who is speaking earlier in the day at short essay, the Medicine Grand Rounds on the issue of transitions of care between hospitalists primary care, will join the bibliography, Leadership Preventive Medicine Journal Club to continue dialogue about essay of my, issues surrounding Readmissions Hand-offs in the context of the attached articles. Can we predict readmissions among chronic illnesses? July 7, 2006 Journal Club: Schafer S, Gillette H, Hedberg K, Cieslak P. A Community-wide Pertussis Outbreak: An Argument for a small good essay topics, Universal Booster Vaccination. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:1317-1321. This month's discussion will be led by family Travis Harker and Julie Sorensen, with credit to Jason Aaron who suggested this timely article for the DHMC community. June 2, 2006 Journal Club: Stevenson KM, Dahl JL, Berry PH, Beck SL, Griffie J. Institutionalizing effective pain management practices: Practice change programs to improve the quality of pain management in small health care organizations. J Pain Symptom Manage 2006;31:248--261. This month's article was selected by Brian Boulay, who will lead the discussion.
He provides the following questions to consider as you read: The scope of this project is de vipere au much larger than that of a microsystem. The authors sought to adapt evidence-based care in essay family, multiple settings. What are the challenges that come with expanding the thing essay, scope of quality improvement efforts beyond the microsystem? May 5, 2006 Journal Club: Durbin CG. Team model: Advocating for the optimal method of care delivery in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med 2006; 34[Suppl.]:S12-S17). This month's article was selected by Chris Cook, who will lead the discussion, and he provides the short essay, following questions to good essay topics consider as you read:
Are teams routinely employed in your practice environment? If so how are they developed? April 7, 2006 Journal Club: Bernat JL, Peterson LM. Patient-Centered Informed Consent in Surgical Practice. Arch Surg 2006;141:86-92. This month's article was selected by short Ken Deem, who is pleased to report that Dr. A Small Good Essay Topics. Lynn Peterson, one of the co-authors of this month's article, will be joining the Journal Club discussion.
In this article, Bernat and Peterson review the doctrine of family, informed consent and online, discuss some of the challenges faced when informed consent is of my family seen as a process rather than a signature on format resume, a form. Informed consent is reconceptualized as a process with related situations, issues and controversies. What processes are identified? Are specific steps for each process considered? What are they? Can you map one of these processes based upon information provided in short essay of my, the article? March 7, 2006 Journal Club: Overdyk FJ, Harvey SC, Fishman RL, Shippey F. Successful Strategies for Improving Operating Room Efficiency at Academic Institutions. Global. Anesth Analg 1998;86:896-906.
This month's discussion will be led by Erica Boulay, who selected the article and posed the following questions to ponder as you read the article: Was the description of the improvement effort sufficient to permit another hospital to duplicate it? February 7, 2006 Journal Club: Boyd CM, Darer J, Boult C, Fried LP, Boult L, Wu AW. Clinical Practice Guidelines and Quality of short essay of my family, Care for Older Patients With Multiple Comorbid Diseases: Implications for Pay for Performance. JAMA 2005;294:716-724. This month's discussion will be led by Lora Council, who selected the article and posed the following questions to ponder as you read the article: After reading the article, do you agree that clinical practice guidelines do not provide an appropriate, evidence based approach for good, assessing quality of care in older adults with several comorbid diseases? January 3, 2006 Journal Club: Safdar N, Dezfulian C, Collard HR, Saint S. Clinical and short essay, economic consequences of ventilator-associated pneumonia: A systematic review.
Crit Care Med 2005;33(10):2184-93. This month's discussion will be led by David Kelley, who selected the article and posed the global, following questions to consider as you read the article: In your opinion, were the authors successful in their quest? What characteristics of the meta-analysis supported their conclusions? What characteristics of the meta-analysis seemed to weaken their assertions? Statistically Significant Heterogeneity: does this present characteristic of the included set of articles in the meta-analysis cause concern for you?
Why? What 2 broad categories contribute to heterogeneity in a meta-analysis? A Forest plot can visually demonstrate the magnitudes of effect variance between articles in essay, a meta-analysis. Should the authors have included a Forest plot? Could this type of bibliography online source, plot have allowed the short essay of my family, reader to ascertain whether the community, significant inter-article variance resulted from a small number of outliers or gross incongruence? Do you feel that the large number of study types strengthened or undermined the authors' assertions? Why? Could the study selection paradigm been modified to essay of my yield a stronger, more congruent collection of studies? Would this increase in congruence necessarily conveyed more validity to the authors' assertions?
If you had unlimited resources at your disposal, how would you attack the question on the above three pt parameters? In the online source, reality of family, restricted resources, how would you change your plan of resume de vipere, attack from #4? Do you consider them worth the expenditure of essay of my family, resources to address? December 2, 2005 Journal Club: Dong M, Giles WH, Felitti VJ, Dube SR, Williams JE, Chapman DP, Anda RF. Insights Into Causal Pathways for Ischemic Heart Disease: Adverse Childhood Experiences Study. History. Circulation , 2004;110:1761-1766. This month's discussion will be led by Jason Aaron, who selected the article, and Jeff Fetter from the Med-Psych program who finds this subject to be an area of interest.
Please consider their questions as you read the short essay of my, article: What are the implications of the ACE Model (Adverse Childhood Experiences)? November 4, 2005 Journal Club: Wall RJ, Ely EW, Elasy TA, Dittus RS, Foss J, Wilkerson KS, Speroff T. Using real time process measurements to reduce catheter related bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit. Qual Saf Health Care , 2005;14;295-302. This month's discussion will be led by Gavin Cotter and Kathy Kirkland, who selected the article and questions. Thesis. Please consider their questions as you read the article: Comment on the process undertaken to essay of my define the clinical microsystem (i.e. Writing History. flow diagram/Interdisciplinary team). Essay Family. Was it complete in thing topics, your opinion? If no, then what other approaches would you undertake? October 7, 2005 Journal Club:
Katzelnick DJ, Von Korff M, Chung H, Provost LP, Wagner EH. Family. Applying Depression-Specific Change Concepts in a Collaborative Breakthrough Series. Journal on paper, Quality and Patient Safety , 31;7:July 2005. This month's discussion will be led by Brian Shiner, who has teamed with Tom Oxman in short family, selecting the article and questions. De Vipere Au. Please consider their questions as you read the article: This large implementation and dissemination study lacked a control group. Does this prevent the results from being clinically useful? September 2, 2005 Journal Club:
Weick KE, Sutcliffe KM. Hospitals as Cultures of Entrapment: A Re-Analysis of the Bristol Royal Infirmary. Essay. California Management Review , vol. 45, no. Essay Questions Issues. 2, Winter 2003. This month's discussion will be led by Kisha Weiser, who has teamed with Steve Liu in article selection and question formulation. Please consider their questions as you read the article: Presumably, we are all limited (and freed) by our culture. How would you begin to short of my family recognize or expose sets of underlying assumptions and history paper thesis, practices within your own culture, to which you are entrapped? August 5, 2005 Journal Club: Kotter JP.
Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail. Harvard Business Review , March-April 1995. This month's article is offered by Concord Hospital's Bill Gunn. Essay Family. Please consider the following questions as you read the article: The author studied transforming actions in writing paper, major corporations. which of these observations, if any, apply to the change process in healthcare microsystems? July 1, 2005 Journal Club:
Glouberman S, Zimmerman B. Complicated and essay of my family, Complex Systems: What Would Successful Reform of Medicare Look Like? Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, July 2002. This month's article was selected by Paul Batalden, who provided the following questions to stimulate your thinking about change in organizations: What are examples of these three different types of systems in online source, direct patient care? How might you know if you have labeled them correctly? June 3, 2005 Journal Club: Farrelly MC, Davis KC, Haviland ML, Messeri P, Healton CG. Of My Family. Evidence of a Dose-Response Relationship Between truth Antismoking Ads and Youth Smoking Prevalence.
Am J Public Health. 2005;95:425-31. This month's article was selected by Sharon McDonnell and essay questions issues, she provides the following introduction and short family, questions to stimulate your preparation: Please read the attached article prior to the session. a. watch a few examples of TV advertising developed and shown by truth. Consider societal level or health determinant-based public health interventions such as the source, truth anti-smoking campaign and short family, compare these with other, perhaps more familiar, public health interventions. The comparisons might include cost, efficiency, effectiveness, and what others?
May 6, 2005 Journal Club: Relman AS. Medicine and the Free Market: The Health of Nations. The New Republic. 03/07/05. This month's article was selected by John Trummel and he offers the tutoring community, following questions for your consideration: Do you buy the short essay of my, argument that healthcare is bibliography online source not a business?
If so, what implications does this have for our present system of healthcare? April 1, 2005 Journal Club: Landrigan CP, Rothschild JM, Cronin JW, Kaushal R, Burdick E, Katz JT, Lilly CM, Stone PH, Lockley SW, Bates DW, Czeisler CA. Effect of Reducing Interns' Work Hours on short essay of my family, Serious Medical Errors in Intensive Care Units. N Engl J Med. 2004;351(18):1838-48. This month's article was selected by writing history Julie Sorensen, and she offers the following questions for your consideration: Comment on essay family, the study design.
Any weaknesses in resume, the design? Would something like the family, Intervention Schedule be possible in your institution? March 1, 2005 Journal Club: Bradley EH, Holmboe ES, Mattera JA, Roumanis SA, Radford MJ, Krumholz HM. Community Service. Data feedback efforts in short family, quality improvement: lessons learned from US hospitals. Community Essay. Qual Saf Health Care. 2004;13;26-31. This month's article was selected by Steve Liu, and he offers the family, following questions for your consideration: Public reporting of quality measures has become increasingly important to this institution through the quality measures web site (http://www.dhmc.org/qualitymeasures). Nationally, it is also taking on more importance as CMS begins to report quality measures for 4000 hospitals on their web site (http://www.cms.hhs.gov/quality/hospital/) and could begin to base reimbursement on these measures. Do you think that this method of feedback to institutions through the internet and pay-for-performance initiatives can promote improvement efforts within our hospital and bibliography online source, nationally?
February 1, 2005 Journal Club: Shojania KG, Grimshaw JM. Evidence-Based Quality Improvement: The State Of The Science. Short. Health Affairs. Au. 2005;24(1):138-50.
This month's article was selected by Sally Ward, and she offers the following questions for participant consideration: The article states that the paradigm of EBM should be applied to research in short of my family, the area of quality improvement (QI) and argues that randomized designs are even more essential to QI than to clinical medicine. Do you agree with the author's argument? January 4, 2005 Journal Club: Murray M, Tantau C. Same-Day Appointments: Exploding the Access Paradigm.
FPM. September 2000. O'Hare CD, Corlett J. The Outcomes of Open-Access Scheduling. FPM. February 2004. This month's articles were selected by Travis Harker, and he offers the following thought-provoking questions for participants: The O'Hare article argues that open access scheduling has dramatically improved their system of bibliography, care delivery in short essay of my, many ways that both doctors and patients care about. Format Resume. How would you approach promoting this idea in your system of care?
What would be barriers? Would it work in your specialty? December 3, 2004 Journal Club: Coomarasamy A, Khan KS. What is the evidence that postgraduate teaching in evidence based medicine changes anything? A systematic review. Short. BMJ. 2004;329;1017.
This month's article, What is the evidence that postgraduate teaching in evidence based medicine changes anything? A systematic review, was selected by Matt Cole, and he offers the following thought-provoking questions for participants: The authors systematically reviewed the paper thesis, effects of standalone (Table 1) versus clinically integrated teaching methods (Table 2). Is this a fair comparison, given that none of the studies compared the two teaching methods to each other? Recall some of your experiences of short essay of my family, both methods during your training? Which did you prefer? Why? November 5, 2004 Journal Club:
Armstrong EG, Mackey M, Spear SJ. Thing Topics. Medical Education as a Process Management Problem. Acad Med. 2004;79(8):721-8. Brian Boulay selected this month's article and will lead the discussion. His questions for consideration are: Reflect on your experience in family, medical school. Is it consistent with the case study and the authors' arguments against the current system?
Did you perceive any problem at the time? October 1, 2004 Journal Club: Elgerg S. Bibliography Online Source. Quality Improvement in Family Practice: A Recipe for Change. Short Essay Of My Family. Am J Med Quality. 2004;19(2):83-7. Kristin Anderson selected this month's article (attached) and will lead the discussion.
Her questions for consideration are: With respect to the Q1 level, What does culture of medicine mean for au, you? Do you think it limits the quality of of my, care that you deliver? September 3, 2004 Journal Club: Ogrinc G, Headrick LA, Mutha S, Coleman MT, O'Donnell J, Miles PV. A Framework for Teaching Medical Students and Residents about bibliography online source, Practice-based Learning and family, Improvement, Synthesized from essay topics, a Literature Review. Acad Med. 2003;78:748-56.
Jared Barton selected this month's article (attached) and will lead the essay, discussion. His questions for discussion are: Is the Dreyfus level of Professional Development and Knowledge Performance useful for writing history paper, developing the construct by which the panel categorized its recommendations? a. Is the article clear and understandable? August 6, 2004 Journal Club: Thom DH, Ribisl KM, Stewart AL, Luke DA, et al. Short Essay Of My Family. Further Validation and Reliability Testing of the Trust in Physician Scale. Med Care. May 1999;37(5):510-7. Thom DH et al. Physician Behaviors that Predict Patient Trust.
J Family Practice. April 2001;50(4):323-8. Thom DH, Hall MA, Pawlson LG. Measuring Patients' Trust In Physicians When Assessing Quality Of Care. Health Affairs. Jul/Aug 2004;23(4):124. Questions to think about: What is your response to the concept of measuring patient trust in providers? July 9, 2004 Journal Club: Drucker PF.
What Makes an Effective Executive. Essay Topics. Harvard Business Review. June 2004:58-63. Paul Batalden and Jim Heimarck collaborated on selecting the article, and offer the following questions for participants: Drucker describes 8 common practices of a successful leader. Do they make sense to you? Have you observed them in action in individuals leading an organization (whether large or small)? Describe a situation in your experience that portrays effective use of these practices.
Have you observed other practices of essay of my family, effective managers that you think should be added to the list? June 4, 2004 Journal Club: Burke JP. Infection Control - A Problem for community service, Patient Safety. N Engl J Med. 2003;348(7):651-6. Gawande A. Notes of a Surgeon: On Washing Hands. N Engl J Med. 2004;350(13):1283-6. Klass P. Perspective: Index Case.
N Engl J Med. 2004;350(20):2023-6. Carolyn Murray selected the articles for June and of my, her questions for a small essay topics, the group are: How do current systems of short essay, care in your clinical practice relate specifically to format infection risks to your patients? (examples: antibiotic prescribing patterns, correctly timed surgical antibiotic prophylaxis, hand washing culture) May 7, 2004 Journal Club: Zuger A. Dissatisfaction with Medical Practice. N Engl J Med. 2004;350(1):69-75. The article was selected by Steve Liu, and discussion will consider these questions: Knowing that there are regional and of my family, specialty variations in good thing essay, physician satisfaction, what is your opinion of the local satisfaction at DHMC and Concord? March 2, 2004 Journal Club:
Merenstein, D. A piece of my mind: Winners and losers. JAMA. 2004;291(1):15-16. Perron L, Moore L, et al. PSA screening and prostate cancer mortality. Essay Of My. CMAJ. 2002;166(5):586-91. Vis AN. Does PSA screening reduce prostate cancer mortality?. CMAJ.
2002;166(5):600-01. Discussion will consider these questions: Is the shared-decision making model advisable for young physicians given the risk of this experience? February 3, 2004 Journal Club: Berwick DM. A Small Good Thing Essay Topics. Disseminating Innovations in short essay family, Health Care. JAMA.
2003;289:1969-75. Collins BA, Hawks JW, Davis R. From Theory to Practice: Identifying Authentic Opinion Leaders to Improve Care. Managed Care. July 2000. January 2, 2004 Journal Club:
Pierluissi E, Fischer MA, Campbell AR, Landefeld CS. Resume Au. Discussion of Medical Errors in family, Morbidity and Mortality Conferences. JAMA. 2003;290:2838-42. December 2003 Journal Club: Souba WW. The New Leader: New Demands in ascii format, a Changing, Turbulent Environment.
J Am Coll Surg. 197;1:July 2003. Souba WW. Academic Medicine and the Search for of my, Meaning and Purpose. Academic Medicine. 77;2:February 2002. November 7, 2003 Journal Club: Kuperman GJ, Gibson RF. Computer Physician Order Entry: Benefits, Costs, and Issues.
Ann Intern Med. 2003;139(1):31-39. Primer on Dissecting a Medical Imperative. Effective Clinical Practice. November/December 2000;3:6. Norton R. Unintended Consequences.
The Concise Encyclopedia of writing paper thesis, Economics. At the essay of my, VA we have a computer physician order entry system - reputably one of the best in the country. In our experience however, we have seen a decline in certain types of error (transcription error, handwriting error), but we continue to have significant problems with medication error. We have been examining medication error at the time of discharge and have found new, unanticipated errors including: loss of a small topics, patients outpatient medication list after transfer to short of my inpatient and therefore inability to history paper thesis confirm discharge list with previous outpatient list, problems with cut amp paste etc. Of My Family. I found NO literature on how to deal with unintended consequences - how would you begin to systematically address or pre-emptively address unintended consequences? What does one do about these unintended consequences anyway?
September 5, 2003 Journal Club: There are three articles and resume au, an editorial for this session. Ferguson TB, Peterson ED, Coombs LP et al. Use of short essay of my family, continuous quality improvement to tutoring community essay increase use of family, process measures in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA. Essay Questions Issues. 2003;290:49-56.
Croskerry P. The importance of cognitive errors in diagnosis and short essay family, strategies to minimize them. Acad Med. 2003;78:775780. Moss F, Thompson R. Editorial: A new structure for quality improvement reports. Quality in service essay, Health Care. 1999;8:76. Lenfant C. Clinical Research to Clinical Practice - Lost in essay family, Translation? N Engl J Med. Essay Questions. 349;9:August 28,2003. Questions for the JAMA article and QSHC editorial: What makes the JAMA article a quality improvement study?
Is it? Would it meet the essay of my family, criteria suggested by the Editors in Quality in Health Care? If so, why? If not, why? Questions for the Academic Medicine article: How could this be made useful to practicing physicians interested in decreasing their diagnostic errors? How could practitioner practice be assessed for diagnostic errors? What difference could it make and would such difference be monitored?
July 11, 2003 Journal Club: McGlynn EA, Asch SM, Adams J et al. Writing. The quality of health care delivered to adults in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2003;348(26):2635-45. Barabasi AL, Bonabeau E. Scale-free networks. Sci Am. 2003;288(5):60-9. Paul's slide depicts 5 knowledge domains, all of short of my, which are important to consider when thinking about tutoring community essay, how to improve health care and the health of populations: Linking Science and Context.
Can we think about which of these domains are addressed in short of my family, the articles we read for Journal Club? What are the questions we want to ask about the bibliography online, literature that addresses these domains? Most of us are familiar with the kinds of questions we ask about short essay of my family, scientific evidence. I have attached Paul's list of questions to au ask and short of my, be clear about when trying to improve care in a particular setting. Are there other questions related to the concepts covered above? Are there ways to begin thinking about how these five domains should be approached, and how they relate to each other? June 13, 2003 Journal Club: van Schoor NM, Smit JH, Twisk JWR, Bouter LM, Lips P. Prevention of Hip Fractures by External Hip Protectors: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA.
2003;289(15):1957-1962. Meyer G, Warnke A, Bender R, Muhlhauser I. Effect on hip fractures of a small good topics, increased use of hip protectors in nursing homes: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2003;326(76). Questions to ponder: These two articles conflict in their assessment of the effectiveness of hip protectors. What issues should be considered when deciding whether to use this intervention? Address if you are the hospital administrator, and if you are leading a fall reduction team. What is the impact of studying one fall and injury reduction strategy in isolation?
What needs to be done to resolve the dilemma of essay, these conflicting results? May 2, 2003 Journal Club: Donald M. Berwick. Disseminating Innovations in Health Care. JAMA. History Paper. 2003;289(15):1969-1975. Mills PD, Weeks WB, Surott-Kimberly BC. A Multihospital Safety Improvement Effort and the Dissemination of New Knowledge. Joint Commission on Quality and Safety 2003;29(3):124-133. Berwick's article provides an excellent summary of short essay of my, some of the literature and ascii, synthesizes seven key rules for fostering innovation.
Weeks reports on the results of a VA collaborative effort and short family, the local diffusion of improvement. Consider the a small thing essay topics, following: Are the rules for disseminating innovation practical? Are they helpful in addition to essay family other tools for paper thesis, improvement? What were the greatest barriers to diffusion of essay family, innovation for essay issues, the teams as reported in the Weeks article? What other barriers might there be? How could the 7 rules have helped the teams in the QuIC collaborative? Which rules might be most helpful in a collaborative environment?
Which rules could be most helpful when you're leading an essay family, improvement team in your local setting? February 7, 2003 Journal Club: David Meltzer et al. Effects of Physician Experience on Costs and Outcomes on an Academic General Medicine Service: Results of a Trial of Hospitalists. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137:866-874. Andrew C. Auerbach et al. Implementation of good topics, a Voluntary Hospitalist Service at a Community Teaching Hospital: Improved Clinical Efficiency and Patient Outcomes. Ann Intern Med. Essay. 2002;137:859-865. These two studies published in the Annals last year evaluate the cost and outcomes of care provided by resume hospitalists.
Consider the following: Are these quality improvement studies? Why or why not? What is a hospitalist? Can you tell from the short of my family, methods section of these papers? Auerbach is a retrospective cohort study. Bibliography. What do you think of their secondary analysis using the propensity score?
Could this be applied to short of my family other, non-randomized studies? The Leapfrog group has endorsed intensivists as a method of community service, improving the quality of care. They would like your opinion on hospitalists - yes or no? January 3, 2003 Journal Club: Tobin Norris.
Mental health and of my, general practice: improving linkages using a total quality management approach. Related questions for reflection: Reflect on essay, your own experiences in the integration (or lack thereof) between primary care and essay of my, mental health services in caring for format, patients with severe and chronic mental illness. Consider the pros/cons of provider-focused vs. patient-focused measurement when evaluating efforts to improve systems integration. Joubert. PQM - Psychiatry Quality Management. Following the current revolution of computerizing medical records, Joubert offers a glimpse into short essay the potential future of integrating CQI into the electronic record. As current and future leaders in quality healthcare, we will be the targeted consumers of such software.
How can we best evaluate these systems? Specifically: What do you think about continual PDSA of our IT systems vs. Resume De Vipere. purchasing their package? How does a detailed QI/record system for one specialty or service affect interdisciplinary work? Would it contribute to essay of my family the segregation of services as discussed in online source, Tobin Norris? If not, in what settings would you consider using this new type of clinical software? November 2002 Journal Club:
Ellison P. Short Of My. Anesthesiology, Volume 84(4): April 1996; pages 965-975. Dovey, Phillips and a small good thing essay, Green. A preliminary taxonomy of medical errors in essay of my, family practice. Quality Safety Health Care, 2002; 11:233-238. Related questions for reflection: As you read the transcript of Pierce's speech do you see that culture emerging? Or being purposefully developed? If so to either of community service essay, these what are key points to its development? Pierce spends some time on the 20/20 piece on family, Deep Sleep.
Do you think/feel that was a catalyst for more safety consciousness in the anesthesia community? If so, do you think the IOM to Err is Human report could have the same effect on ascii, the general public and medicine in general? Or will the IOM report have a short term impact? What are your thoughts on the Taxonomy of errors in essay of my family, family medicine article? Could this be a springboard and a framework for outpatient based error analysis? If so, is the message diluted with this published in resume, this journal (aimed at short essay family, safety) versus a mainstream FP journal?
How would you advise we spread the word about this work and tutoring community service, frame work? Hofer and short essay family, Hayward. Are Bad Outcomes from Questionable Clinical Decisions Preventable Medical Errors? A Case of Cascade Iatrogenesis. Annals of Internal Medicine, 137(5): 327-333.
Related questions for reflection: How should we think about the questions related to post hoc establishment of causality in resume, root cause analysis? How do the of my, questions posed by this article related to the concepts of action plans and the use of essay questions issues, PDCA cycles? Halm, Lee, and short essay, Chassin. Is Volume Related to Outcome in Health Care? A Systematic Review and Methodologic Critique of the Literature. Online Source. Annals of Internal Medicine, 137(6): 511-520.
Related questions for reflection: How might we think about designing methodologies that would better help us tease out relationships between volumes and outcomes? How do we get context and processes into the design of such studies? September 6, 2002: Leape et al.
What Practices Will Most Improve Safety? Evidence-Based Medicine Meets Patient Safety. JAMA, July 24/31, vol 288(4), 501-507. Shojania et al. Safe but Sound: Patient Safety Meets Evidence-Based Medicine. JAMA, July 24/31, 288(4): 508-513. Related questions for of my, reflection: Do we need different types of evidence for de vipere au, patient safety research?
What are the challenges of of my family, evaluating systems-level interventions? Are there dangers in service, using practices based on inference (linkage), accepted practices in essay of my, other industries, and online, common sense as evidence? Reilly et al. Impact of a Clinical Decision Rule on Hospital Triage of Patients With Suspected Acute Cardiac Ischemia in the Emergency Department. JAMA, July 17, vol 288(3), 342-350. Related questions for reflection: What separates the two? If this is QI, why was it accepted in a prominent journal? What strategies can we use to short of my family make our QI projects and QI research appealing to tutoring community leading journals? Lebanon, NH, USA 03766. Phone: (603) 653-3229.
Copyright 2002 Trustees of essay family, Dartmouth College.
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How Can We Make Homework Worthwhile? Do American students have too much homework, or too little? We often hear passionate arguments for either side, but I believe that we ought to essay of my family, be asking a different question altogether. What should matter to parents and educators is this: How effectively do children’s after-school assignments advance learning? The quantity of ascii format students’ homework is a lot less important than its quality. And evidence suggests that as of now, homework isn’t making the grade. Although surveys show that the amount of time our children spend on homework has risen over the last three decades, American students are mired in the middle of international academic rankings: 17th in reading, 23rd in of my family science and 31st in math, according to the most recent results from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). In a 2008 survey, one-third of parents polled rated the quality of their children’s homework assignments as fair or poor, and 4 in 10 said they believed that some or a great deal of homework was busywork. Tutoring Community? A recent study, published in the Economics of Education Review, reports that homework in science, English and short family, history has “little to no impact” on student test scores. (The authors did note a positive effect for math homework.) Enriching children’s classroom learning requires making homework not shorter or longer, but smarter. When we work hard to understand information, we recall it better; the extra effort signals the brain that this knowledge is worth keeping.
Fortunately, research is available to help parents, teachers and au, school administrators do just that. In recent years, neuroscientists, cognitive scientists and short of my family, educational psychologists have made a series of remarkable discoveries about how the human brain learns. They have founded a new discipline, known as Mind, Brain and Education, that is devoted to understanding and improving the ways in which children absorb, retain and apply knowledge. Educators have begun to writing history paper, implement these methods in classrooms around the country and have enjoyed measurable success. A collaboration between psychologists at Washington University in St. Louis and teachers at nearby Columbia Middle School, for example, lifted seventh- and eighth-grade students’ science and social studies test scores by 13 to family, 25 percent. But the innovations have not yet been applied to homework. Mind, Brain and Education methods may seem unfamiliar and even counterintuitive, but they are simple to topics, understand and easy to carry out. And after-school assignments are ripe for short, the kind of improvements the new science offers. “Spaced repetition” is one example of the kind of de vipere au evidence-based techniques that researchers have found have a positive impact on learning.
Here’s how it works: instead of concentrating the study of information in essay family single blocks, as many homework assignments currently do—reading about, say, the Civil War one evening and Reconstruction the next—learners encounter the de vipere au, same material in briefer sessions spread over a longer period of time. With this approach, students are re-exposed to information about the essay of my family, Civil War and Reconstruction throughout the semester. It sounds unassuming, but spaced repetition produces impressive results. Ascii Format Resume? Eighth-grade history students who relied on a spaced approach to learning had nearly double the retention rate of students who studied the essay family, same material in a consolidated unit, reported researchers from the University of California-San Diego in good thing 2007. Essay Of My Family? The reason the method works so well goes back to the brain: when we first acquire memories, they are volatile, subject to change or likely to disappear. Exposing ourselves to information repeatedly over time fixes it more permanently in our minds, by strengthening the representation of the information that is embedded in our neural networks. A second learning technique, known as “retrieval practice,” employs a familiar tool—the test—in a new way: not to assess what students know, but to reinforce it.
We often conceive of bibliography online source memory as something like a storage tank and a test as a kind of dipstick that measures how much information we’ve put in there. But that’s not actually how the brain works. Every time we pull up a memory, we make it stronger and more lasting, so that testing doesn’t just measure, it changes learning. Simply reading over material to be learned, or even taking notes and making outlines, as many homework assignments require, doesn’t have this effect. According to one experiment, language learners who employed the retrieval practice strategy to study vocabulary words remembered 80 percent of the essay of my family, words they studied, while learners who used conventional study methods remembered only about a third of them. Resume De Vipere? Students who used retrieval practice to learn science retained about 50 percent more of the material than students who studied in short essay family traditional ways, reported researchers from ascii resume Purdue University in 2011. Students—and parents—may groan at the prospect of more tests, but the self-quizzing involved in retrieval practice need not provoke any anxiety.
It’s simply an effective way to short essay, focus less on the input of ascii format resume knowledge (passively reading over textbooks and notes) and more on its output (calling up that same information from one’s own brain). Another common misconception about how we learn holds that if information feels easy to absorb, we’ve learned it well. In fact, the opposite is true. When we work hard to understand information, we recall it better; the short essay of my family, extra effort signals the brain that this knowledge is paper thesis, worth keeping. This phenomenon, known as cognitive disfluency, promotes learning so effectively that psychologists have devised all manner of “desirable difficulties” to essay family, introduce into the learning process: for example, sprinkling a passage with punctuation mistakes, deliberately leaving out letters, shrinking font size until it’s tiny or wiggling a document while it’s being copied so that words come out blurry. Teachers are unlikely to start sending students home with smudged or error-filled worksheets, but there is another kind of desirable difficulty — called interleaving — that can readily be applied to homework. An interleaved assignment mixes up different kinds of situations or problems to format resume, be practiced, instead of grouping them by type.
When students can’t tell in advance what kind of of my knowledge or problem-solving strategy will be required to a small essay topics, answer a question, their brains have to work harder to come up with the solution, and the result is short essay of my family, that students learn the material more thoroughly. Researchers at online California Polytechnic State University conducted a study of of my family interleaving in sports that illustrates why the tactic is so effective. Essay Questions Issues? When baseball players practiced hitting, interleaving different kinds of pitches improved their performance on a later test in of my which the online source, batters did not know the type of pitch in of my advance (as would be the case, of course, in a real game). Interleaving produces the same sort of improvement in academic learning. A study published in 2010 in the journal Applied Cognitive Psychology asked fourth-graders to work on resume solving four types of math problems and then to take a test evaluating how well they had learned. The scores of those whose practice problems were mixed up were more than double the scores of those students who had practiced one kind of problem at a time. The application of such research-based strategies to homework is a yet-untapped opportunity to raise student achievement. Science has shown us how to turn homework into a potent catalyst for learning. Our assignment now is to make it happen.
This research reinforces much of what I’ve discovered about homework as an of my elementary teacher. Good Thing Essay? I’m especially glad to read about ‘spaced repetition’ and I think its implications for designing homework can be very empowering for teachers. Essay Of My Family? My students have always benefited more from shorter skills practice homework. However, I think that educators should be looking toward interest-driven, independent inquiry as a way to unify learning at school and learning outside of bibliography school. To this end, I started a wiki for essay family, Independent Inquiry (http://independentinquiry.wikispaces.com) which I think compliments these findings well.
A thoughtful balance of tutoring essay homework based on brain research and interest-driven, connected learning seems to be the family, ideal way to questions global issues, increase achievement and learning. I believe that the value of a school is greatly dependent on its students which act like its assets and can help build its foundation, giving too much homework can lead them to short essay of my family, stress so be careful on what you give them for homework, for online source, details on this click here: And we need ANY kind of of my homework….. because. Essay Global Issues? Surely school already takes up enough of the day. Give families a break – let them have time together without school invading the home. Abolish homework. I absolutely agree with Bart – if we bring kids up properly as individuals who value their development and rights as learners, then we should be able to short family, leave them to it after school. Global? Many young people are learning after school without homework. Anyhow, what’s with the ‘work’? Some research was done (can’t remember where) which showed that if young people consider what they do at school as work it isn’t as effective as if they consider it a learning – I’d go a stage further and say it would be good if they considered it as opportunities to develop as learners.
I managed to essay of my family, wean myself off using the word ‘work’ when I meant ‘learning’ or ‘assignment’ etc by getting the kids to buzz me every time I used the word. Online Source? They loved it and short essay of my, it got the message home to at least some of resume de vipere au them too. I give home assignments that are fairly open-ended in essay family that they give opportunity to explore, ask more questions, get excited, succeed and practice processes – like researching, reading, structuring and paper, I give as much scaffolding as possible for family, things like how to get it done over week or two. As I become more serious about coaching, studying various methods in-depth and reflecting on my own practice – along with educational research – I keep reading about history paper, methods just being trialled in schools that have been done on the practice field / court for short essay family, ages. Funny how these connections were never made before! Do your accounting homework, accounting assignments with our accounting. homework solution and writing history thesis, accounting tutoring help. Our homework assistance helps. you to do your accounting homework and accounting assignments. Do your accounting homework, accounting assignments. with our accounting homework solution and accounting tutoring help.
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Most days, I go to short, sleep at ascii format resume 1 or 2 in the morning. Short? The lack of sleep prevents me from concentrating and retaining information given during lectures. I am a high school teacher and resume, I find that so many students copy their homework that it’s really not worth it for me to of my, even assign it. A lot of community service what’s recommended here happens naturally in Montessori elementary classrooms. Self-testing and “desirable difficulty” is built into most Montessori materials. We call it “control of error.” Basically, it means that children have “mini-tests” as part of learning, and self-check their work. For example, when they learn about synonyms, they arrange matching pairs of cards. If they don’t know a word, they can use a dictionary, or ask a friend–or just put it aside until fewer cards are left.
This active grappling with a material really helps retention–and motivation. Interleaving also happens naturally. Short Essay Family? Children receive lessons on tutoring community essay a material (say, long multiplication with the short essay of my family, checkerboard). They then come back to it over weeks and writing history, months–but in family the meantime, they’ll also work on equivalent fractions, and long division, and math facts practice. Each iteration helps with their retention.
Over time they also revisit older materials as they get called for essay, help by younger peers: often, it is a 3rd grade student to whom a first grader turns when she struggles with spelling a word, or figuring out a math problem, or reading a challenging clue in the biology curriculum. In Montessori, we have very limited homework–a few spelling words tied to the spelling rules studied in class, and reading, reading, reading. We agree that an 8:30 am – 3 pm day is enough classroom time! Do your accounting homework, accounting assignments with our accounting. homework solution and accounting tutoring help. Our homework assistance helps.
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